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The Canadian Labor Advocate 1925-09-25

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 With Which Is Incorporated THF^C. FEDERATIONIST
Seventeenth Year,  No.
sass
League Fears Crash
Of World Imperialism
GENEVA, Switzerland. —Delegates to the league of nations assembly here, admit that economic
conditions in Europe, are ln many.
, respects ■ growing worse, despite
seeming financial betterment They
are proposing fantastic artificial
regulations to bolster up the de-
. dining capitalist states of Europe.
-Premier Falnleve, on the opening day of the assembly, said that
"economic forces, if left unrestrained, might cause a new war."
Louis Loucheur, the French delegate, who proposed the resolution'
for a "world economic conference"
of the capitalist powers, said that
"since the end of the war, Europe,
haa been a prey to an economic
crisis."
The "economic conference" is'
proposed in an attempt to counteract the growing prestige of Soviet
Russia, and to check the decline'
of the European imperialist powers.
mNOOMR, B. P., FBffi^^NING, SEjPT- 25, 1925
■ "   ■"■■■'■' .yVi" ' *    ' *"
0*
Eight Pages
5c A COPY
CLP. Issues Manifesto
Labor's Attitude Placed Before Electorate
Propaganda Against
Anthracite-Miners
Canadian Mine Owners
Want More Immigrants
MONTREAL— (FP)— Pres. Tom
Moore,1 Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada, denounces the articles
in British papers which statei that
Canada is in great need of coal
miners who will enjoy fine conditions To nail, thireffort-to depress
the wage market still further,
Moore cites the fact that the British Empire Steel corp., leading
eastern employer of miners, absolutely refuses to guarantee its Nova Scotia mine workers even 4 days i
work a week. Of 12,000 miners in
that district 4,000 are normally unemployed, according to the mining
report of the province.
T ABOR'S CAMPAIGN ln the federal* election is now definitely
underway. Campaign headquarters have been secured at 814 Hol*>
den Building, 16 Hastings St E.,
and Mr. R. P. Pettipiece has been
appointed campaign manager.
The following eleotlon manifesto
has been issued by the C." Lb P. to
federal electors in Greater Van-,
couver, and . adjacent constituencies:
TO FEDERAL ELECTORS
The entry of Labor into federal
politics is not new, but this is the
first time in British Columbia,that
a united effort by the various organizations representing Labor has
heen made on any comprehensive
scale
We have had to fight our employers, whether individuals or corporations, for everything we have
in the way of improved Hying conditions. Every advance we have
made has been gained by bitter
fighting and sacrifices on the part
of the workers, and it, requires
careful watching to maintain them.
Every word of legislation on the
•statute books, having this object
in view has been conceived in the
minds of the leaders of thought in
the labor movement, afld" were
Placed there _.only .After years of
agitation on the part of the work-,
ers.
-Changed Conditions Make New
Methods Necessary
.With the development of Industry -in svery country, conditions
have beoome auch* -that, haphazard ■
legislation ls no longer sufficient to
meet the requirements of..- the
changing times. Fundamental
changes are necessary if order is
to be brought out of the present
economic chaos.
Questions of immediate urgency
face the workers of Canada1 the
chief of which is the matter of
education along the lines of social
and political economy, and the* development of a social consciousness
by the working class. The welfare
of the workers and producers of
this country* necessitates investigation from the social viewpoint, and
•not:from the* point, ot'View of spe-,
cial and privileged Interests.
Preeent Immigration PoUcy
Fundamentally Wrong »
A matter of general concern to
all personsjylwlSw by selling their
ability to'work it the bonuslng of
the importation of living packets
Qf this commodity for the Canadian market. Why should the importation of the power to labor be
bonused and all other commodities protected?
Generally speaking we are not
in favor of tariffs that tend to assist the building up of big fortunes
to captains of industry, but we, are
not in favor of throwing open the
market in Canada to all commodities irrespective of the conditions
under which these same commodities may be produced. We cannot stand by and allow home markets to be flooded with the products
of the development of capitalist
Imperialism < in 'Oriental -countries.
Provisions for Old Age Pensions
Since it ls impossible for the
worker, as a result of the wages
system, to make adequate provision for old age, without an undesirable lowering of the standard of
living, we favor the enactment of
Federal Non-Contributory Old Age
Pensions. '
Unemployed Must Be
Provided for
In common with aU other coun-
(ConUnued on page J)
W1KES BAKKB, Pa—The striking anthracite miners have just received, their last pay, which is for
the work performed the last half
of August. It is estimated .the pay
roll for. the. entire region will exceed $1B,800,0U0. This will be the
largest pay ever received by the
miners in any two week period. On
this* fact the anthracite operators
are waging an Intensive advertising campaign. Printed on the back
of the miners' statement of wages
is a beautiful message from the
coal companies.
One statement reads: "$1,200
lost daily by the miners and whose
fault?" Another reads: "Impartial arbitration is the fairest way
to settle disputes. We are always
ready to arbitrate our differences
however, come what may they will
be arbitrated in the end." Some
others claim the miners could
make huge wages if they would only work and keep, quiet.
U. F. 0. Hot Td.Enter
The Federal Election
Free Overtime Given       Bankers' Association
Canadian Exploiters    Trains Private Gunmen
Allies Milked Germany
Of One Billion Marks
PARIS.—Germany paid one billion gold marks, under the Dawes
plan, during the first year of the
operation ot the plan, according to
the report.of Parker Gilbert, agent
general for reparations, made to
the reparations commision and
published by that body.
The billion gold marks paid by
Germany consisted of 800,000,000
gold marks raised by an external
loan and 200,000,000 as partial Interest from railway debentures.
OTTAWA, Ont.-*-The United
Farmers of Ontario/ have decided
to take no part in the 1926 federal election, as an organized body.
Asked as to the reasons for the
non-participation of hia organization, Mr. Morrison, secretary of the
U. F. O. stated that, the United
Farmers had decided at their 1922
convention that they "were opposed to. the transformation of the
farmers' movement into a new political party"; and that in 1923 a
resolution was passed to the effect
that the farmers' organization had
suffered as a result of their participation ln political activities.
The U. F. O. will send out literature, if asked, on questions in
which lt is interested, but will take
no part in the campaign;
Don't forget!   Mention the Advocate when buying.
Send in Your Subscription Today.
^iiiii>ini.»i»mm„tiltM»iitiitii_ni..tn..t..tini.t,.ti
{   WHERE DANGER WAS
THERE HAIG WAS NOT f
/COMMENTING on the mill-
^** tary manoeuvers being
conducted in Great Britain,
the Vanoouver Provinoe of
September 23rd, has the following to say:
"It hardly needs an open
avowal from such a military
notability as Field Marshal
Sir- William Robertson to
convince the layman that the
manoeuvers, however ably
conducted, can bear only a
faint   resemblance   to   war.
{This was exemplified in the
incident of Earl Haig and his
companions standing in the
!- line of danger."
...mem m ■■■ mme nm i i ii ii i ll ii ii ii
Conference On China
Merely Dose of Guff
WASHINGTON—(FP)—Text of
the note sent to China's temporary government at Peking by the
nine powers that took part in the'
Washington conference of 1922,
shows that nothing is promised
China except a discussion of her
demands. Each power is "willing,
either at that (forthcoming Qcto
ber) conference or at a subsequent
time, to consider and discuss any
reasonable proposals that may be
made by the Chinese* government
for a revision of the treaties on the
subject "of the tariff." Also, the
conference to discuss the'possibility of sometime recognizing the
right of Chinese courts to deal with
foreign offenders in China may be
held at the same time as the tariff conference.
(By Federated Press.)
MONTREAL—That a period of
cutthroat competition with labor
the victim is beginning ih Canada
is evident. from reoent developments. Some weeks ago the James
Pender Wire & Nail Co. of St
John, New Brunswick, one of the
concerns in the British '-Empire*
Steel Corporation, induced its employees to work overtime.* without,
pay to enable the eompany to,
meet competition. Thereupon the
Royal Mail * Steam • Packet Co.,
which draws a big subs.dy from
the Canadian government, quoted
reduced freight rates on Pender
products shipped to the West Indies, in order, its announcement
said, to show its friendly appreciation of what the Pender- employees are doing to increase foreign trade.
Canadian papers now report
that Pender has obtained' large
foreign orderB, and they are lauding the Pender employees as a
fine example to other * workera.
This policy offers-Canadian workers tHe opportunity to work overtime tor nothing to supply foreigners with "Cheap products.
ST. PAyL-*-(F P)—Minnesota
bankers who are copying the Illinois Bankers Association plan of organizing 10,0*0 private gunmen
have drawn heavy fire from organized labor for*- their usurpation of
government police functions.
"It is hinted^ says the Union
Advocate, "thatthese police will be
used for: other purposes than apprehending bank bandits. In other
words there Is no reason why theBe
hirelings-could not be used in an
alleged crisis such as a strike."
"We believe this is the most lawless and brazen thing that has been
undertaken in America in the name
of law enforcement. The organization of such aggregations as contemplated by the bankers ls clearly a menace to democratic government. To tolerate it, is a confession of failure of lawful government."
Automatic Devices
Menace Telegraphers
CHICAGO—-(FPJ-r-On the very
day that the Commercial Telegraphers Union of America opens
its convention in Chicago, the Western Union Telegraph Co., announces further displacement of key-
men 'by automatic transmitting machinery. Through automatic repeating devices the Western Union
can now send a message by cable
and wire all the way from London
to San Francisco without the help
of the telegraph operators who
formerly had to receive and then
send on the messages at the various relay points. Automatic transmission Is a major problem of the
union.
Highlight! on This
WeekYNewi
CANADIAN Pago
C.L.P. Ii»u.»M»nlf_«to......._.—.._—..' 1
Free Overtime for Canadian Bou. i....    1
British Labor Speaker ih Vancouver..   2
___J__BIO-_»r
Banker* Trsin Gunmen.-*.**.    1
Bom Preu Attacks Minen -.   8
Fordiied Education in U.S..    6
i     BIRMH
Why  Saklattala Wu Exeinded    1
Unemployed Uied Against Sallon....     1
ronxex   "
World Imperialism  8haky.—.—    1
Allies  Milk Oermany.... ......    1
Education  la Bouia.....„.....„...._.._~—   5
Production Increasing;
% Poverty Keeping Step
-WASHINGTON—(FP)—A wage
or income of $1,800 a year ls needed to supply "elementary decencies
of life" for a family in cities of
100,000 or more, and $1,600 is
needed ln smaller towns, says Rev.
Francis J. Haas, Ph. D., professor
In Marquette University, reporting
to the Natl. Catholic Welfare Conference on his studies of subsistence needs. Production, he said,
ts Increasing twice as fast as population, yet this increased wealth
is not being passed around fairly.
Machinery ls displacing skilled
workers and reducing their buying
power. A minimum wage rule is
necessary.
Ontario Bosses Want
To Exploit Children
TORONTO — (F P) — Premier
Ferguson of the province of Ontario has declined to make any general suspension of the school act,
which provides for attendance at
school up to 16 years of age. The
premier has, however, promised to
consider issuing permits in special
cases, where a boy may be the sole
support of a home. The Toronto
school board had asked permission
for night schooling of children between 14 and 16 who must work by
day.
The right arm of Labor Is »
strong press. Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
i-t-«**i-B***---e***»****^
For live readable news of tho
farmer-labor movement, read THE
CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
STRIKE FOR 12 HOUR
DAY AND 6 DAY WEEK
PHILADELPHIA—(F P)
—Clothlnnt stores alc-n? tho
congested South nnd l.-iin-
bridgc streets nre shut* down
by n strike of Retnil Clothing
Salesmen's Union, Local No.
11, .-iffHinted with the United
Hebrew Trades Clerics in
these little stores have bcen
working 16 hours a duy frequently nnd always seven
} days a week. They demand
thc 12-hour day and the six
day week. P*agt Two
THE CANADIAN UBOR ADVOCATE
Friday, September 25, 1925
C. L. P. Issues
Manifesto
British Delegate To
America Has Plenty
 But Russian Labor
Finds a Great Flaw
Labor Party Open* (Contlntted Jr6m page n
Speak Here Sunday Election Campaign trl6S> unempioVed m Canada has
become a permanent and-serious
A...G.  Walkden,  general  secre- The three Labor candidates for probiem.     The   responsibility   of
tary of the British Railway Clerks' Greater   Vancouver   opened   their proyi,jing work or adequate main-
Associataion,    and    an    executive campaign   on   Sunday   night   last, tenance for' the unemployed resta
member   of -the   British   Trades when   A.    Hurry,    candidate   for wlth the Domlnion Government.
Union Congress, will speak in the South    Vancouver;    J.    Sidaway,
Royal Theatre on Sunday evening candidate for Burrard, and W. W. •B**g Capitalist
at 7:30 o'clock.   The hour for the Lefeaux, candidate for Vancouver Development Ahead
meeting has been placed half an Centre,  held the platform at" the We  do  not  intend  to  try  and
hour ahead of the usual time be- Royal Theatre and outlined their make the hands of the clock  of
cause Mr. Walkden is leaving for policies.    R. H. Neelands, M.L.A., industrial  progress  in   Vancouver
the East on Sunday night. occupied the chair.    The meeting and  Canada  generally,   go   back-
Mr.  Walkden was the fraternal was successful and a good collec- ward.   We recognize that the evo-
delegate from the  British Trades tion was taken  up,  but expenses iution and development of compet-
Congress to the Trades and Labor ior  federal  candidates are  heavy, itlve industry means the concentra-
Congress   of   Canada,   where   his and all those who  can assist fi- tion 0f production and transporta-
remarks reading the probability nancially should do so. tion into the control of centralized
of British labor refusing to work Mrs   Rose Henders6n has been groups.    The economy of this we
nominated as Labor candidate for welcome. Undoubtedly we have an
if war was declared  caused con
siderable     cheering,    and     much the New Westminster riding. Ar- era  of big capitalist development
rangements   are   reported   to   be about due in this portion of Can-
tne  under   way   for   a  convention   in ada, but what the ultimate effects
and North Vancouver, and it is stated 0£  this  upon  the* masses  of  the
Mr-  that. Dr. W. J. Curry will1 be asked workers will be can be best judg-
Do  to  be  Labor's  candidate   in  that ed by a surVey of the position of
the population  of  big  cities that
Campaign     headquarters    have have already passed that way.
been secured at 814 Holden building, and R. P. Pettipiece has been
appointed as campaign manager.
comment in the daily press.
The seating1' capacity of
Royal Theatre is limited,
those desirous of , hearing
Walkden should come early,
not forget that the meeting starts constituency,
at 7:30,
C.L.P. Meeting in New
Westminster Saturday
The Canadian Labor Party will
hold a campaign meeting in the
Labor Temple, New Westminster,
on Saturday evening at 8 o'clock.
It is expected that Mrs. Rose
Henderson, candidate for this constituency, .will be on hand to address the meeting. Arrangements
are also being-made to have Mr.
Must Nationalize
Basic Industries
We are favorable to the transfer
of centralized industries and transportation to the government as national industries and undertakings
with a view to their transfer to
the people of the country and the
operation for the good and use of
ing ahead.    The mill and factory  the people o£ Canada(  instead of
workers   report   an   increase    of
Unions in Vancouver
Making Good Progress
Vancouver unions are still forg-*
for private profit.
If war, defense, the Post Office,
membership of between 30 and 40
during the last two weeks, and
also that considerable progress is  health-   elation,   water,   roads,
The carpenters report initiating  °£ national and municipal concern,
some  23   new  members  at  their
last meeting.
and best operated by representatives of the people in the public
AG. Walkden   Secretary  of the  b ^ ^ work        fire protection, police, social wel-
Railway   Clerks   Union   of   Great ntB with the employerfl.      fare, and other utilities, be matters
Britain,   address   the   meeting,   if ......
it  is  possible  to  secure  his  services for that night.
A big.*,attendance is expected,
and it is hoped that New Westminster electors will not miss this
opportunity of hearing federal
politics' discussed by Labor representatives.
The lathers report a successful  interest,   why   not   banking   and
organizing meeting last week, and  credit; also the production and dis*
REGISTER
The Federal Voters' List will be
open for the registration of names
from September 24th to September   30th
Board of Adjustment
For CN.R. Employees
that good progress is being' made trlbution of the necessities of life?
in organizing the lathers in the Towards the solution of these
city and in building up that or- questions in the publio -interest the
ganization. Labor   Party   of   Canada   pledges
         '—    ' itself and with that in view places
its candidates in the field of the
present Federal Election.
Generally our position with regard to proposed legislation would
OTTAWA, Can.—(FP)—A board  be governed by the answer to the
adjustment for settlement of dis-  question as to whether or not the
Make sure your name is on the   putes has been formed by the Can-   legislation   in  question   would   be
list, and when polling day comes  adlan National Railways and the   beneficial to  the  workers  of  the
vote LABOR. Canadian Brotherhood of Railway  country.    If  not  progressive  and
 ~—  Employees.    This  body is similar beneficial we would be against It.
Far better to have the front of to boards already existing between We do not pretend to represent
one's face pushed in by the fist of-the service unions and both big the conflicting interests of both the
an honest prize-fighter than to railway companies in Canada. The owners of industry and the produc-
have the lining pf one's stomach new board deals with grievances lng employees. We represent the
corroded by the embalmed beef of affecting clerical, station, shop, iatter.
a dishonest,, manufacturer.-^Jack Bhed| roundhouse and similar clas
London- ses,    The  board   will'have  eight of'i^bor
~-   : members, four from the railways
International Goal
Send in Your Subscription Today,  and four from the employees.
Write
Today
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Our ultimate aim is the raising
of all to a position of freedom from
economic care and poverty, a position* now occupied by the owning
class alone. Even their (the owners) position is by no means secure, and has to be continually
bolstered up by fair and foul
means. We have no intention of
trying to excuse ourselves for our
ultimate aim—the substitution of
a co-operative commonwealth for
our present economic system.
(By Carl Brannin.)
.ROSTOV - ON - DON, Russia.—
There are plenty of people (aU
too many) in Russia who have
little understanding of the new
order working out under the Soviet: government. Down the Volga
and on the trains one hears complaints, mostly >from the peasants
—high taxes last year and before
(this year reduced 40 per cent,),
Incompetent, autocratic officials,
etc. Complaints come usually from
relics of the old system with the
background of centuries of Ignorance and. Individual selfishness,
To make proper allowance for the
wreckage, of the czarist order, the.
havoc of the civil war, the capit-*
alist blockade, the famine and the
scarcity of trained workers, Is beyond their powers of imagination.
They live ln their own petty
circle.
Hearing such a wail from a
couple of peasants, a poorly clad
miner spoke up: "Yes, it is too
bad that progress is not made
more swiftly, but, after all, remember that we who have come
up through the old order are to
blame. We are all more or less
crooked. It is the new generation, the children, Who will make
the new Russia. It is too bad
that we old ones can't be liped up
and shot, or herded off to ourselves where we can quietly die
without contaminating the youth
and interfering with their work."*
However, there are humble men
and women, gray with years and
struggle, who see what is taking
place and can, for this reason,
forget something of the hardship.
Waiting ifl_ line to buy a railway
ticket here one day, we found
ourselves in conversation with a
non-Communist old stone mason.
He found that we were from America.
"Yes, you have in America many
things which we need here. We
envy you your machinery, your
technical development. Many of
your workers are better off. But
that ls not all to life. We have
enough bread; we have clothing,
there Is shelter. But above all.
there is freedom." He smote his
breast with a gesture more expressive than words.
"I am past 70 and have known
the oppression of the czars. That
is past and now we are building.
Two or three good harvests like
this year will work wonders. We
have established the true basis
that labor produces all and should
have all, Russia has every resource of natural wealth—coal,
oil, timber, rich soil and land
enough for all. This and our
hands and the spirit to build is
enough. Give us time and freedom from outside attack and we
will have all that the most highly
developed. land has produced. And
it will be ours—the workers'. That
is more than the producers of
America can aay."
CLASSIFIED ADS,
BARRISTERS
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 Metro*'
politan Bldg.
BATHS
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Pacific
Bldg., 744 Hastings St. W.
BICYCLES
HASKINS   A   ELLIOTT,   BOO   Pendei>
Street W. The belt makea of bicycles
on easy terms.
BOOTS AND SHOES
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main St.
BOOTS  (LOGGING)
H, Harvey, 68 Cordova St. W.
OAFE
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastings St. B.
CHIROPODIST
WHY SUFFER WITH SORE FEETI
Hannah Land, 924 Birki Bldg., (Wes
Instant relief; evenings by appointment.
Sey.   1213. .
chiropractor
Dr. d. a. McMillan, palmer
Graduate. Open daily and evenings. Dawson Blk., cor. Hastingi and
Main.    Phone Sey. 8054.
NANAHttO-WELLINOTON
COAL
LESLIE   OOAL  OO'Y  Ltd.
Phon* Sty. 7187
DENTIST
Dr. W. J. Curry, 301 Dominion
Bldg.   	
DRUGS
Red Star Drug Store, Cor. Cor-
dova and Carrall.	
FLORISTS
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 48 HM-
tings St. E. '
GLASS
GLAZING,  SILVERING, BEVELLING
WESTERN GLASS CO. LTD., Ut
Cordova St. W., few doora watt of
Woodward'a. Sey. 8687. Wholesale and
retail window glass.
HOSPITAL
BETTER BE SAFE THAN SORRY-
Grandview Hospital—Medical, surgical, maternity. 1000 Vietoria Drive.
High.  1.7.
LADIES WEAR
Famous  Cloak   &   Suit   Co.,    619
Hastings West,
Hudsons Bay Coy.,  Qranvllle St.
MEN'S FURNISHINGS
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cordova
Street.
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main St.
MEN'S SUITS
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and Hastings Streets. **
W. B. Brummitt, 18-20 Cordova
Street,	
MUSIO
\ 7IOLINS ADJUSTED, VOICED, RE-
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965  Robson  Bt,    Sey,  8094.
OPTICIAN
Pitman Optical House, 615 Hastings West.
PAINTS ETC.
Gregory   &   Reid,   117   Hastin
Street East.
Patronize Our Advertisers.
RANGES  AND  STOVES        *
Canada Pride Range Co., 346 Hast-
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TOBACCOS
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carrall
Street.	
TRUSSES
C. E. Heard, 969 Robson Street.
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THE ALLI_.P SALES CO., 150 NASSAU ST.. NEW YORK. N. Y.
NEW YORK—(FP)—Another
labor government in England ls
seen in the comparatively near future by Dr; L. Haden Guest and H.
J. Lawson, two la.bor members of
the House of Commons, who addressed the Civic Club of New
York. Lawson Was formerly a'
miner and Guestls ' a physician.
Fall bf the Tories "and rise of Labor party 'sentiment is predicted as
result of failure of conservatives
to deal with—the- industrial crisis
but the new labor government, they
say,.must break more thoroughly
with old government traditions
than did the last labor ministry.
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N.Y. '
B, 0. Telephone Oompany
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, "
•     Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
8—STORES—8
41 Hastings St.  East, Say.  »l_-«7»     685 GranvUle Street   Sey. 9813-1381
151 Hastings  Street West .....Sey.  1870
"SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Ridgy; Jeptegfter 25, 1925
THK CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Page Thre.
[ Coaldiggers Menaced       Bumper Grain Crop in
By Associated Press        Soviet Union in 1925
Organized R.R. Firemen  Negro Porters'; Union
Jeer Company Threats       Growing in Strength
(By: Asspciated Press.)
CHICAGO. — With the anthra-
j'cite strike in its third week and
khe bituminous fields still in "bad
[shape so far as union employment
goes, the role of the great press
Fservices i|P shaping public opinion
[regarding the United Mine Work-
[ers assumes a keener interest to
[labor readers.
The Associated Press on March
117, 1925, sent out a story over its
[wires from Fairmont, W. Va., reporting the death ln a mine ez-
fplosion of over a score of miners.
[The Associated Press stated the
[explosion, "company officials de-
fclared, had been caused by a dy-
Lhamite a^d nitro-glycerlne bomb
[dropped down the shaft from the
/surface.". And the Associated Press
[took care to add that the mine
[was non-union. Newspaper headlines magnified this.
The largest American news ser-
Ivice thus skilfully spread .a perfectly groundless story, as will be
Fseen, that left the public to infer
jthat union coal miners were the
nurderers   of   the   non-unionists
blown   to   pieces   or   asphyxiated
by the explosion at Fairmont. No
Additional facts about the  explosion were mentioned in the foi.
[(owing days.   The federal bureau
(st mines had no facts.   The West
Virginia department of mines was
lunable to give any pertinent facts
lentil August 26, more than five
nonths after  the., disaster,  when
reported that the coroner's jury
had   rendered   its ' verdict.     "The
Explosion which caused the mine
lo blow," the jury verdict read,
■Und which resulted in the death
pf ail  the  parties  aforesaid,  its
cause and origin are to the jury
unknown."
. WASHINGTON.-r-Nearly three
billion bushels of grain Will- be
harvested in the Soviet Union this
season, according to late figures
received by the Russian Information Bureau in Washington from
the central statistical department
of the U. S. S. R. This is above
the pre-war production in the present area of the Soviet Union, and
is 50 per cent, more than was
grown last year. The whnat crop
is double that of 1924 and the corn
crop is 5 times as much as last
season. ,'..
T3efore the war, Russian wheat
yields averaged about„10 bushels
to the acre; this year's crop, runs
12.7 bushels. Rye, oats and corn
are likewise showing a greatly improved yield per acre. Experts
give credit to the use of tractors
and American farming methods for
the gain made.
The crop includes 817,700,000
bushels of rye, 660,000,000 of
wheat (or only 50,000,000 short of
the American wheat crop this
year), 697,500,000 of oats, 273,-
750,000 of corn and 75,000,000 of
buckwheat. About 300,000,000
bushels of grain will be exported.
RUSSIA
co-operative  rest  home  has
CHICAGO.—(FP) — Threats   of   (By Art Shields, Federated Presa)
h»«„ ..„._   a       *u     u <■ ,u    rePrisala   appearing   in   company.      NEW   YORK. —The   Pullman
\een opened on the shores of the union organ8 wln not 8oare the Car Co> assoclated to the work-
Black. Sea by the powerful All- Brotherhood of Locomotive Fire- ers' memories with the historic
Russian Union of Consumer Soci- me,„ & Enginemen from sticking Debs strike of '93, and later cam-
eties. The home has been equip- to lts polloy of boycotting com- paigns in its Chicag'e plants, is
ped with playing fields, a library, pany activities among railroad again faced with an organization
musical instruments and extensive employees. Union officials ir_» the movement among its employees,
recreation equipment for the em- Chicago office of the brotherhood, But this time the movement is
ployees of co-operatives. Those when shown a copy of Shop Craft not in the shops, but on the trains,
who are ill and in need of the Gossip, the Great Northern's com- among the 12,000 colored porters
rest cure also have the care of a pany union organ, were not lm- who make up the berths and pro-
competent physician, without pressed by its yelping, ' vide the service which the corn-
charge. The co-operatives- feel «We stlck by our convention de- pany sells t0 lts sleeping car pa-
that they owe this to their employ- eision,"   the   Chicago   office   de- tron8-
clares. "Our 1926 convention ln . The pew movement started Jn
Detroit ordered our members to the negro belt in Harlem, as
keep away from all company ac- Northern Manhattan Island ls
tlvities like company unions, com- called, and is known as the Broth-
pany insurance, company pension erhood   of  Sleeping Car  Porters.
ees for their faithful service.
FRANCE
French   workers   demand   that
.ul ■''_.«___.            _        i __. _.       t-nttjr    iiiauiamjc,    •jump-Ally    iwuniuii *****-.v.y«    u.    uicoiimg    v^ttr    x-urters,
the   government   give-  them   the       . ...       , r. .     . . _.   *'r ■■•!"       , ,.
... _____■*_____._.     ':_____.     ,___ systems, company social work and It is strictly a negro labor union
company  baseball  teams.    These f°r the simple reason that all the
are devices to separate the worker Pullman   porters   belong   to   that
from, the lahor organization of his race.  but it is  receiving the co-
Any member of the fire- operation   of   both   the* railroad
men who goes in for company ac- brotherhoods   and   the'' American
and the wage workers novr insist tlvities mA violates the convention Federation of Labor;    At preliminary   organization   meetings   ad-
same     guarantee     against     loss
through depreciation of the franc
as Is accorded Investors.   Tlie government has Issued a gold coupon eraft
loan that protects interests on bonds
As   for   the" company   union  dresses   an/   plederes   of   support
threat to keep firemen out of shop have  been  given "^ w-  J-   0rr-
that  their  wages  are  entitled  to resolution will face expulsion,
the same protection as the money
invested in these bonds and held
by  persons  who   do  not   depend j^bs," 11.^^ i7tTa7 none V'our ?pec.,al °«»nlzer fo.r the_ Brother
120,000  members is in  the  scab
shops of the  Great Northern,  so
. the threats mean nothing to us."~
on a daily wage.
Communists Answer
Green's Ultimatum
living Wage More
Than Subsistence
j BOSTON—(FP)—Ten years ago
living wage meant a bare subsistence. Now it means reasonable
lomfort, decent existence, a standard of health, wholesome living,
testified W. Jett Lauck,    at    the
Massachusetts , state house where
hearings were held before an arbitration board on the Boston ele-
I'ated workers' increases. The men
|re getting 72c an hour but de-
faand the 96c they consider neces-
fary for a living wage. Arbitration
proceedings were forced    by   the
ben's strike vote.
CHICAGO—The attack by President Wm. Green, American Federation of Labor, on the Communists, made ln his Labor Day
speech at Detroit ajnd reported
last week by The Federated Press,
has drawn a reply from the Workers (Communist) Party of America. Both the central executive
committee, ln an extended official
statement, and The Dally Worker,
in an editorial, attack Green for
his ultimatum that "members of
organized labor are either trade
unionists or Communists; they
cannot be both."
Admitting its advocacy of a
dictatorship by the workers to destroy the structure of capitalism,
the party charges Green is serving the employers, "Instead of
fighting the capitalists with and
in behalf of labor, Mr, Green prefers to fight the left wing of the
labor movement and the Commu-'
nists with and in behalf of the
capitalists," the party statement
declares.
PARAGUAY
During the present session the
National Congress modified the
law governing personal labor so as
to compel all male Inhabitants of
the country, both native born and
alien, between the ages of 18 and
hood of Locomotive Engineers,
and Ernest Bohm,.,* representing
the A. F. of L.
Two of the active spirits in the
new union have* already been dismissed by the Pullman company,
n. TT   a   I „!.__-. TC__1_» ever   watchful   of  danger   to   its
Un U. P. JbaPOr J.ieiO open  shop   programme,'•-•but   the
union   has gained  a  considerable
Study Role of Negro
CHICAGO—(FP)—Use of Negro number of members sincis lt was
50 years, to labor personally for workers as strikebreakers by the born August 25th, A. Philip Ran-
four days during the year in the big employers in time of labor dis- dolph, general organizer, tells the
construction and conservation of putes and their use to undercut Federated Press. A vigorous cam-
wage scales and union conditions PatBn Ib under Way" to enlist 51
at other times is one of the phases *>w cent- °f aU the Pullman'por-
of the labor problem that is re- ters ,n tne next two months,
ceiving particular attention from '
the research department of the Na-
brldges and highways in the neigh
borhood of their residence.
CHILE
A superior Council of Child Pro*
tectlon, created in Santiago to co- tionaI Urban leaSue- whlch sPeclaI-
ordinate public and  private child izes on the Ne-?ro situation in cities,
welfare work, will consider prob- To what extent the trade unions
lems relating to eugenics, matern- are themselves responsible for the
Ity and infaHt and child welfare: Negro competition on an undrganlz*
Low Wages Condemn
Children To Grave
NEW YORK.—(FP)—The chief
reason   why   negro   children   die
promote "nurs'lng "and "social work! ed basis through the practice of a "^   '^ce   aB   "P'**   as   *»
organize    national     child-welfare numher of white unions of exclud- ™hit° ohfl**>.  sfs Forrester B.
congresses;   and  work with  other Ing Negro applicants for a union ™^°nJ."  ^l™"™}.}*,*™
organizsations in Chile and abroad card Is a further phase of the In
having similar aims.
vestigatlon. While few unions forbid membership to Negroes' by constitutional provision it is a commonplace that a considerable proportion bar colored workers in
practise,
fiend ln Tour Subscription-Today
Stay at the
HOTEL STRATFORD
The Plaoe Called Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
-  KEEFER STREET
Phone Sey. 6121
P. GIOVANDO, JOHN THA
200  Elegantly Furnished
Rooms.
60 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate  Prices
FIRST-CLASS SERVICE
Can Forge Fingerprint
Evidence, Says Expert
NEW TORK—(FP)—John Nicholas Beffel, co-author of a book
showing that fingerprints can be
forged, condemns the proposal of
the national crime commission to
have all immigrants fingerprinted
in an open letter to Mark O. Prentiss, organizer of the commission.
The plan, points Beffel, might lead
to the framing up of immigrants
because fingerprint identifications
are not infallible. Of the two men
executed in this country solely on
fingerprints evidence, says Beffel,
there is reason to believe tha one
(George Brandon, electrocuted in
New Jersey ln 1921) was guiltless.
PALESTINE
Inclusive of the 2500 land workers employed on co-operative land
settlement,   the   total  number  of ___________
Jewish workers now employed in
Palestine is 15,122. This figure British Trade With
does not include civil servants,
teachers, writers, etc. The percentage of unemployed has fallen from
10 to it per cent. In the past two
of Opportunity, a negro magazine,
is that the negro worker is so
poorly paid. Low wages compel
the negro worker to take the
poorest and most unsanitary housing, a^d low wages of the father
compels the mother to go into Industry. The children are neglected and undernourished.
Washington blames the conser-
_       ,     _ ,        _     . vatism of employers and the self-
KUSSia GrOWing J.aSt ishness of whlt<s»labor in keeping
  the  negroes  off  the. better   paid
LONIJON.—(FP) --— Over : $484,- jobs, and he attacks -the reslden-
years to 3 or 4 per cent, in the 000,000 worth of trade has been tial   restrictions   which   intensify
present year.
transacted    between    Russia    and  the crowding of negro workers in
  the big cities.
Great Britain since 1920, accord-  . '
MEXICO ing  to   Arcos   Ltd.,   the   Russian SWEDFN
There is marked unemployment trading concern  which  has  itself J
in Mexico at present. The closing done nearly two-thirds of the According to the monthly report
of the sugar mills for the season trade mentioned. Orders for an- of the unemployment commission
and curtailment of the manufac- other $70,000,000 worth of British there were 10,300 persons reported
ture of alcohol on account of high (roods are being placed. The only unemployed in Sweden on July 1,
taxation  placed  this year'by the difficulty  is  that  some manufac-   1925.
turers are refusing to give the
which
Russia wants in certain cases,
stlch as textile machinery. British
labor is demanding that every effort should be made to secure the
big Russian order for textile machinery.
federal government upon the man-
ufacture of alcohol, are a few of ^or   three-year   credit
the reasons offered to explain this
condition.
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and
0 steel, McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride,
installed free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or $2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Limited
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
BRITAIN
Great Britain will oppose Chinese claims for tariff autonomy in
the forthcoming Chinese customs
conference, it was stated bv the
foreien office. Great Britain will
agree to an increase in the general Chinese customs.rate, providing
fhina rpBV-es certain Internal financial reforms.
Sey. 486 32 Haatings St. E.
The Electric Shop Ltd.
RADIO AND
ELECTRICAL SUPPLIES
Ssy. 6789     ,,.■„&♦:Hustings St. W.
■'-. •  .    P»XA*MV -  .
Members of the General Svn*.'-
cate of Workmen reeenMv helji a
mass meetlne- In protest afmlnst *he
recent Increase In the price ot rice,
and the Increase ln rent,
YOUR ATTENTION
I, drawn to th. faot that we havo added a COMMUTE LIME OT WOMEN'S
MISSES' and CHILDREN'S SHOES to our alreadyMg.stock of Men smno
Boys', We positively guarantee a saving of money for you, and don t forget
all our Shoes are made of Solid leather. '
SPECIALS ON SALE SOW
Children's Slippers, clearing at  *?-« ****** \_'f.
Ladies-Sample Shoes, regular to $7 for  iiWiii $2.95
Boys' School Shoes  -••••";••••••—•• -;-,-:•■-.  1, flR Md Ji os
Men's Wo* Boots (the famous "Skoolram")   ?3*9» ****** »*•»»
Men's Dross Shoes, up to *10 values for -;••; ::;""'__ *
KIBLER'S SHOETERIA
(THE BEST FOB LESS)
163 HASTINOS STBEET EAST
Almost Opposite
(lie Tillt-nrv ■P
^p
Page Four
THE CAHAIffikir LAEOK ADVOCATE
Friday, September 25, 1025
OPEN FORUM
m^Mmm
QUESTION BOX
Address  All  Letters  and
Remittances to the Editor
2ty* Ganafctatt ffiiS&r Atororat*
1189 Howe Street, yanoonver, B.C.
I. A TEAR
fl SIX MONTHS
:: Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
■*n   ssTiiiiniaMM • -.*,-,-,. "Land of Liberty" threatens with
AR PREPARATIONS ate  going* steadily ahead in every the powers of the state to prevent
•THE VERSAILLES TREATYj with^ which M fmaiiSiaFbuc-: THe Land Of Liberty
eaneers of British; Aiaefican and.Erench imperialism club-- Excludes Saklatvala
bed the workers of Germany into a 6tate';of'ahject'Staryatio_i,,
is about to be scrapped.. According'to newspape^i-epbilB, a Ed"°r Ifbor Advooate:
MACKENZIE KING, true to his "^g!®^ teS  ^S ^^1^
iV1 WaU Street, training, is report- abl'0gates the Treaty °i Versailles,- and Qermany is to be believe It will be too strong for
ed by the daily press so have given regarded no longer as a" w-ar criminal." That Ger__lany^wasythat 3ourna1, 80 wlu c°ntriBute "
to the q. p. R. and the Canadian never so regarded^by any thinking perstfn, neithfef inworking '"/he" p^^Tthe nth inst
wi^teSS" "rnd^dteTribute class nor ca'pitaiistic circles, is only too weir known. Such..contained a news item with sub-
ail colonists who'can he assimuat- tales w™ heeded by none who had-sufficient braias-to formr *ead,nS; "?'fla<mt indorses Em-
ed, with the privilege of issuing conclusions without.the assistance of'the daff^ preSS:    The-      ° communist.
the necessary permits for their ad- Versailles Treaty is ho lonfcef necessary. Its purpose has been BHStpp^sionTn tTZv^ot
mission".   Not had for King. The    -j, iisi-i* __,      n-        ■   ■ .,    ,     ,       ; ". ;      .,,,..     ,. .,.„„ -Bntisn oppression in tne aays oi
number that jtotn be assimilated" accomP»she°-- Germany is bankrupt, Amerfcto bailiffs are Washington, and chattel slavery
will be exactly thfe same number in charge,., while the living standards of thb WO-to* of that .in the'times'of; Lincoln, led to
that can be lured into Canada, and country have been reduced Ho a coolie, level. But new wars Trm^^wTuT^e^shSs of
have the priw of a steamship and are shaping up, making necessary-*neW international align*'these great libertarians view the
railway ticket.   Bnt in spite of this , ' ■ * ..«.___, ... _.
_ candid admission^ handing over m^^i and Germany maybe neceSttry to hfelp'UB "saVfe ClviP Americaot today, whlclr was ever
immigration to ti&se who profit kation" for trade and'commerce,, and for this the road must *5m,i.. J^^iJr1I«Ste
from it, J. G. Gordon, minister of be paved Communists to hold forth in the
Immigration, states that there has # . # #s # Hou8e, of   Cormn(WS>; whlle   the
been "no relaxing in fnvor of the
railway companies".    Probably at
that he is telling the truth.  The  t»  capitalistic country.   In one* issue ofthe Daily Province^1" »*««* »' » conquered and
TzyzrTir:zTiit2 «** «* ^m»™_^s ««*».: -m* war to -sr:i^zzj^z
Beatty of the C. P. R. has more Be  Won in Air,"  "MariniB' Airmen Will  Attempt   to  Make entrance to their great seaport?
rlKht to style himself premier than Record Flight Across Continent in Bombers," "Big Berthas      The subsidized pulpit and press,
has Mac, late of Standard Oil:        A     ^     -^     -     ^^        ^ .^ C^St From NaVffl fnd other forces guarding the >-
t        •     >> tiir'--     r _/«_.*.  -ir       .    m       -r..  • •       11 ter8l-,ts of plutocracy, give the im-
•ntrssTAN workers believe in Invasion/     Navy League (Canada) Now in Two Divisions,',  presAft... that' capitalism is a di-
**■ doin«r tblngs rather than talk- "Turks Arm For Clash With Britain;!" and that'Britain-is vinely appointed and final order
Ing   about  them.     Some   135.000 gt    j       one  of th(, j t  war ffiail0(juVert in  her  histdry.  ot/oclety,   a"d   ttut   f*k,atvala
cotton operatives In Bombay, India. m,       ,,_..,.. *■*■   ,       *.,•.,, .     ,   „■•    ttnd •••a co-workers are the enem-
struck last week, demanding an in- The abbatoir is being prepared and the butchers trained for le8 of God mi man.
crease ot waffes. .A few days aeo their grewsome tasks, but the-cattle doomed for-the slaughter As with all ruling classes, the
the Sovlej Textile Workers' Union  are   contentedly   browsing,   oblivioUB-  Of- impending   disaster, beneficiaries of capitalism are do-
of Mo*V>w sent the strikins Indians -.vu    4.1.                      »•      a    n ~_ •     -_  •    a■ _. _i.           v           . ing all in their power to perpetu-
"o.noVrouMes to nssist them ln Whv these preparations?    Certain it IS that those who WOr> ate the* rule, while the more ln-
thptr s*rn*»nrle for an Improvement f°r  a  living  have  no  quarrel  with the  workers  of  another telligent  of  the  exploited   classes
In their stnndnrd of livlne. That, is country, but it is they who will do the fighting-.   Even the are WBantzing their forces for a
the kind of action thnt does more d :, which if war brraks out will scream  for blood   "^."f*    °f. econoI"lc    stfuct"'e'
to btnd tbe working class in one     „y Pr6^! W.    h ," ftreaKS_ OUt^WllL S6ream  tor  blOOCt,   wh!oh- mnstcome  if  social   dts-
bomo-reneons  body  thon  all  the te"s  us. tna*   li was   obvious Britain's  military   manoeuvers  astei. is to be avoided.
talking and thcoriidng that ever were a sham becaiise Earl Haig and'his companions stood ^h0Be m revolt are Dran,--etl as
. . .,ii.».* traitors' and    revolutionists,    but
happened. ^ in the line of danger.* freedom  from  oppression  is ever
ACTOMOBn.E e^ndltnre,,.  for *    ,     # # * # treason to the ^oppressor  and the
A the nven,^ fsmiiv m vanoon. PANADIAN WORKERS do not need to delude^^ themselves JJJ^^ t°hfaJf0^6 biooSed
ver. is renortH In the "Bimer" to  \j that  tj.       are  immune,     Canada   is  yoked  politically  to  there Involved came through k<n*s
be correct, but there is nothin* Great Britain, and to the Warmongering policies of Winston ^'Jjj^1* ^^''Sj!
surer than that some of thp aver. Churchill and Stanley Baldwin. She is hog-tied'economically d,hg ,n obrtructing the river of
agw  fnmflles  are  s-B*tlnsr  cheated tc  the  money lords Of Wall Street,  New York; , Her  rulers  progress!    and'   so    transforming
out "V^'V^^^l^rrr' belong to the same ruling-caste as obtains iii those countries, mto  the torrent  of  destruction
For Instance the 55 cents an hour       ,,,,,.,.     B /.       j- 1 -11       A i.«  that which'otherwise would have
sawmill laborer won't have wuoh and when they decide on'war Canadian workers will not be been, a qulet, gtream o( pr0gress
left to bnv coffee ans' with ir be asked as to their opinion.   They will be dragged 'in whether beneficial to ail.
snenrts *420 on cars, and tbere are th      1Jke it or not    jt js bftd en0ugh to fa ,\f& W the nose. " a» our daily papers, all our
several tl.onsi.nd snw mill workers *     ,    .,                      ... *     ,                                           «<+!,„ preachers   and   teachcers,   could,
in tbis vicinity. A one eved person but it is infinitely worse to be dragged, by the scruff of the through some mlracJe of grace
can see that someone Is hoegins. neck without making the slightest protest; without raising a. be  induced  to  herald  the  truth.
the show, and hngstlng the llz/ies. finger jn self_defense, and that is JUSt'whatis happening here,  the   facts   well  known   reg-rfllng
*   *   * ti j      __l j i_;._.._. *u_-*_ j- ..._. the cause and remedy for poverty
Atber items on this list in- Every day the newspapers scream of war, but seldom do we and war and the ^ pregslnR
^ cinfle «48 for pbonoeranhs. $42 hear of any organized objection.   The Manufacturers' Asso- problems of life and happiness.
for   Jewelrv,   $2S«   fnr   women's ciation  demands  "immediate   action"   against   China,   in  the the transition from class rule and
clothes, while the bnmble male mnst .           tg    f «export trade.» and the worked'Canada give  °^T^Zn°-ITl-lf wShoS
content  himself with  $85  worth. -                        e                 '  .                  .                                                 would   soon   take   place   without
A»nln one thinks of tbe saw mill s,'ent consent to the warcries 01 their masters.'                           violence, for there would be none
laborer,   nnd   Imagines   his   wife •           •            •            •           •-                             willing or capable of opiidsing the
snowUns *28« for clothes.    That   change.
and tbe ante wonld amount to *«5fl TTPHOLDERS OP PLUNDEEBUKD -\TL_ are trotlahg OUt     Our   Intellectual   lights   and
oerve«r.nndtbc85.centsnnbo«T U their best sellers in the shape of federal candidates of '£»Z£'^Zmm^oZ
Inborer gets about $840 if he is _.,       ,        ,   „ ., e. _, ., .   resl  ana  tn* revo,t  a^*lnst Pov
fortunate enough  to  work  every Tjlberal  and Conservative  persuasion.    These run the-gamut erty  and - suffering.     They   seem
dav for a year. After dedncfii«K from the manager of the Prince of Wales' ranch dowiMhe not to knovrthat this urge to live,
the cost of tbe car clothes for bis line to "Jerry" M<.Gh.er.< The quackery they drool has no J^Xe^S^-X S of^i
T ^rr^.rr'lT more relation to the needs of the working-class*-than corn life, it «the forct, which brought
he will bave exactlv S94 to waste ° . -     - *^ ■___,-»•_-    __._- _,* » *
in riotons iivin* and debauchery- salve has to a broken legr Their campaign.'fund**come from us tip. from tHe Primeval ooze of
....       *-'.—-*       ,     . *. .        . .   1    .  -      n»   . . ___    a' million   generations   age,   the
thnt is. nrovldlng he refrains from bankers  and  captains  Of industry.1    Their nostrum*- are the povet* Which  changed  our brute
eatln* for S«5 days.   But wait a nee^s  0f the particular  groups they  repfeSent.'    Should "the  forebeam into   primitive  savages,
win pnt himje m debt—providing would at the first opportunity plaee'tjftnadian workers on ^_.d women of today( b„t we..are
anyone   will   trtist   him   for   fhe t],g sacrificial altar.   Thei^^idoic^ is ten pW^eettt. increased  still   savaW   enoughto   rule   by
"""T1- n^n1^rl!!e^^' foreign trade, cheap labor, and merciless explpitatibn of the »rute force, to wage robbery and
posed, to spend  »8» on  overalls. •*> ' * >     ^ r - *.*•        war   upoh   0UP   fellow-man,   and
That means he wii have to run workers. The only group representing working .class inter- -rfjto--w-4pBrti the nghf which can
aronhfl-naked. and this is no Card- ests in any way are the candidates of "the Canadian Labor alone 11ft us to a, stage where
en of Men.    .a'Party.   It matters not whether their numbeft'brsmall, they '*w««n^,1! b•»u,: -5uW«-,,,    fc :,
•    -     •'   • IJ     "__o_   .i.    <" i_'-Y___. •'__ *-       • ■• "_r__L —-■.-.■.   x-t- ■•■'■_■!%. ux        I    h«W* befbre1-; We? Bintslafr's
it is essv to be indenenden#aa *t least chanlptoh-the "cause of those who toil; and battle „Cry t0- Jii8ttcei..  Balfijur Kerr.s
when ail. behind vou nureo with|again8t  anything inimical  to  their interests.    Nothing can picture of King Canute on the
you, but the rtlffleultv comes wherte expe(jted fy^ fa fty0we^j representatives of the  vested sea snore commandinS- the flood
999 of your friends think you ftrer *"' * J- ' * '"*"*
intelligence than that WKIdh rules
today.
In the Balkan States during the
last few months hundreds of Communists have been tortured aihfl'j
destroyed because of thetr political ' views and activities, and ' it
would seem that the same "Spirit
which crucified Christ for sedition; which forced Socrates**t6
drink the hemlock; whloh burned
Bruno in Rome, and which a few
years ago executed Franolsco Fer-
rar in Spain, for endeavoring to
substitute a rational education for
the superstition which prevailed,
still lives.
But the eternal law of change
aind the survival of the fittest still
prevails, and who oan say that
the producers of the necessities
and comforts of life, the creators'
of soience, and art, and culture,
are not more fit to survive and
rule, to bring order out of chaos
and peace out of class conflicts'
and world wars, than are thi"
stock gamblers, the human jackals
of war, the gluttons and dunces,'
who seem still to be controlling _
the destinies of mankind?
W. J. CUKRT.
UNION DIRECTORY
wronj.—Wenaell Phillips,
*r|
f_\.
■1
ALLIED PRINTINO TRADES COUNOIL
—Matte aecond Mondty In the montk.
Preaident, -J. R. White; iecretary, R. H.
NfeUnda.    P. 0. Bo» <»■	
FEDERATED    LABOR    PARTT—Room 1
ill,  819 Pender flt.  Weal.    BnalneM
meetinga   Iat and  Srd Wedneaday even-
Inga.    R. H. Neelanda, Ohalrman: E. H.)
Morriaon,. Sec.-Treaa.;   Anna   Maelnnli:
A.-.44 Prince  Edward  Street.  VanconTar,<(
B.C.,  Correapondlng Secretary.
.Any  dUtrlct  In  Britlah  ColnmWa  de- ,
airing  Information  re  aerating  apeakera j
or the formation of local branehea, kind-.
Iy   commnnicate   with   Pr-vlnclal   Secretary -I.  Lyle Telford.   524 Blrka  Bldf.,
Vanconver.     B.C.    Telephone    8eymonrJ
1»82. or Bayvlew 6880. ■
BAKERT   8ALESMEN.    LOCAL   871— 1
Meeta  aecond  Thnreday  every  month j
In Holden Bnlldlng. Preaident. J. Bright'
well:   financial   aeeretary,   H.   A.   Bow-
ron, 7B1 18th Ave. Eaat.	
CTVTC EMPT-OTEES' UNION Lf>CAL-j
28—MeotR first and third' _'"lda«a In]
the month at U5 Haetlniw W*. at 81
p.m. ^Pro'idcnt. R. K. Brown 2R27I
ctin-les St • «"*-r-tnry-tT"aai!rer O-orge]
TT-*rr>>on.   1182  Pa-ker flt.
«"VOTVT»1fR5» — TWE TVT»"HV»TTnV«T.I
FNTON OF !5TK»M AND OP»P*TTVOl
—T.ncal 00?—Meeta everv W*-dne«daytj
nt 8 p.m/'Rnnm 818 TTnlden Bnl'dlng*'
Pr*-*R!*t**nt. H-arleB Price: hnatnt-aa agent |
• r*d financial «»ci*'*t*'rr. E T. Hnnt; re*
■-"••fUnp s'-erctnT .1 T Venn.
HfT'OTf-'AVB"     VT-iT     pu*.frrTT1'T]
T'VTfiy I on| US » E nf M
Vents In G.W.V.A TT«!l' Sevmnnr audi
Pender Streeta. aee nd Snnday at Urt
a.m. Preaident E. C. Mlll»r. 991 Nel-f
ann a'reet: aeeretary. E. A. Jamleaon.l
H91 Nelaon atreet: flnancla' aeeretary.)
W. E. William" 991 N>*1»nn atreet: nr-T
;* t-nlaer.   E   FHchcr,   9B1   Ve'ann  «tre*-t ]
THE FEDERATED UEAFaRERS'l
TTNTON OF CANADA—Headnnarter»|
at Rnoma 5. 8 and 7. Flaek Bnl'dlngT
188 Ha«tln*ra Stmet W*. Vanc-nver. BOl
Tel. Sev. 8898. Preaident. Rnhert Thomf
Vfce.Prealdent. Davtd Ollleaple: fiee'y-l
Treaanrer. Wm. H. Dnnaldaon. Vlctorlt|
Branch. Room tl. Green Blnck. Broad
Street. Victoria. B_0, Phone 1906.
TYTOORAPHTOAT,   UNTON.   N".   »2«-
Prealdent. R P Pettlplece: vlee-prea-1
Iden*. 0, F Oamnhe'l: aeeretarv-treaa-f
nrer. R H NeManda. P 0. Bot 881
Menf« taa* Sundav nf eaeh month at
nm In Hnlden Bnl'dlng 18 Hatt'nga F|
PFTVpir BfPEPT TVPOGRAPHTrAll
HNTON. No. 418—Preaident. fl. Dl
Maednna'd: aecretary-treaanrer. J. Mil
Oamphell, P.O. Box 889. MeeU laaf
ThnrtdaT of each month.
THE OANASUlf
Cabor Abtjor^l
With Which Ii Incorporated
THE   BRITISH   OOWJMBIA   RDlRAl
nOWST
PUBLISHED RVERt FRIDAT
By the Labor fabUihlai Co.
' BniiatM Ml Idltoriai Offloe,
U«9 Howe St. 	
The Canadian Labor Advocate la a. non-1
f»ctional weekly newspaper, giving new:]
of the farmer-labor movement In actlonf
SnVcrlptlon Rata:' United' SMtai- it_
foreign, $»«0 per year; Oaaada, 111
per year. $1 far fix months; ta aaloail
anhacrlhlng Iii a body, Ida par ■att-f
her  per  month. f
Member Tha Federited Praia ud  Thai
Britlah Labor Fran
'interests.
-*.:... Js^*.-
tide to recede is pot more pitiful
V. ' and IndtciiUv* of th« low wder o( lay,; September 25, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Five
A COMPARISON IN EDUCATION
UP-TO-DATE VOCATIONAL SCHOOL "Fordteed" Education *
BEING ESTABLISHED IN SOVIET UNION        In the United States
IteCOW—The    many
tn   America*   who
to the success of the John
Children's colony on the Vol-
he glad to know -that the
work of self-supporting edu-
is now being begun in a
(By Anise)
frienda chief apprentice and assistant,  a
contri-  boy of about 17.
Communal Washing Machine
(By- Cart Haessler; Federated   I
Press.) *■.*,;,•.  .*,,
CHICAtJO.—The"' steady>;;fise-** Iii
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^   the tide  of mass production  ap-
It ls rather exciting to think of pUed t0 Cnloa8°(B sohobls* 8Weep-
ingt away one after the other the
old-time    personal   relations   between     teacher     a*nd     principal,
Don't Fail To Read—
some of the little refinements of
life that are common in America
■■■■-. and will be so epoch-making here.   _        , .     .,,,   ,.ji„u„_titv
■ty^of voeation^sehooi near^ the ordJnary famlly waghlng g^^!SS
.w.- On my last trip* to Am- machlne)  run by electricity.    Do
I collected funds, notonly for you   ^.^   hQW   they  gaa  wub
here?  Without even; laundry tubs
[John Reed colony, but -for exiling the same idea to reach
in the mechanized lockstep output
of the school "plant,"  converting
the little  red  schoolhouse  into a
,.. miniature Ford  plant where sev-
^ e"'.ln.8ha11?* tr?U8!,S' ?F :eve." >ral thousand pieces of pupil raw-
material   are   put   daily   through
Introduce as rapidly as. possible
felting In various trades on the
(is of American technical- meth-
bscowa
terprlse ln which the usual modern methods of controlling employees can be successfully enforced, the Chicago Federation of
;er groups of homeless children.  ^"Vh^rlverthrough^the teeflt 	
'^ri^LS^yS!  S8emS a °rlme t0 tWnk of th08e the successive  finishing processes
^r£r2£S'at Sur  AmeVlcan'washing machines,  the _thls ru8hlng tlde is once more
a, wmcnnas  piacea_ai our  propgrty of prtvate families, that challenged* by the organized teach-
,sal,slx houser in a charming worfc  ^ on    Monfl      *    '   .**   J
f„rb near Moscow, where we are m ^   w m c^°-    ^
when weget it; will work at least Factory,Education
eight  hours  a  day  and  perhaps     The occasion for the challenge
we'll put on three shifts and work shows how far the factory idea of
  it 12 hours, and do most-of the education     has     penetrated    the
,'he harvest is good and we nhaHwagh,nsforthevlnage, school system.    The-teachers for-
'e ■ enough- to   feed   ourselves      And   d0e«m't  someone  want  to mally   prot«st   «• modified   time-
er well.   But otherwise-we are glve Wa Ylctro,a?   We have 150 cl°°M«*eme which re-Wires them
very poor,- certainly -without  recoraB,.a„ ROod . mueic-sympho- to initial an attendance sheet from
nuate shoes for winter or ade-  „,,,..    quartet8i.   Cha„apta,     We two. to four times  each working
.te books for schooling.-  How- wotlMn,t turn * down the .-ft of a day.    Dec aring that a school  is
r, we are steadily progressing; radlo „ a motloil pIctttre machIne ^^*_$___^_ ?°vS1_^
because so many of theoffers' ejtj,Wf
eip I have had from America • General Culture
more adapted to city work than      ^ ^ ow met <ioh le „
*^r^owlnTbovI "nd" girls  tabMsMnK   self-suportln* - trades--- Men Teachers, affiliated with the
'..     JT   ._.„b_.   „,k,»k   *-..«». and wh,le we gratefully welcome American    Federation    of   Labor
i. this   Tarasovka   suburb   near _._..*, -* .        „ ,     ,,
*■• any tools  from  a saw'to  whole through the American Federation
work ahop, that any friends -want' of Teachers, tells the board of
Peasants fkWk 'Frtwrntlnn * to put Into the malls.' addressed to -education that the plan "is unpro-
e are to eleitrlfv our six American Vocational School, JJTono. fessional in spirit and likely to
'ises which ftrirslti.at.-M. rl*M In Moscow; we'll , pet them th-rtush cause serious demoralization among
mlflst of nthef houses^ where without duty-vet our ultimate teachers," besides being clumsy,
omhan ohlidren live—homeless aim-is ' more ■ than mere teaching inadequate and expensive.
Mre-n nicked W from the streets children to make a living.   We are Mass Production
„ .__,_.._..„ t„t*nA„no also members of the general peda-      __ .-, .   ..   ,      , .
Moscow—and are to introduce „»,„.„„ _1. «,„ «,v.„i_. '   ™       The protest is probably too late
iucat'onal   workshops-to  which *<>**<** counc«f *** *h°le com- ln the day to have muCh effect on
children come for four hours  munltv  of  chHdren-s  homes  sur- .^   ^^   ^   ^   blg.b„slne8S
lv In two shifts.   The peasants rounding us.   We are at libertyto superlntenaenti   Wm.   McAndrew,
the tiearhv vtllaee have alreadv »•"» work °ut methods of relating whQ has haStened  the oonverslon
d if we cannot also run a night the teaching to the Industrial work q{  the   oM_Umo  school   ,nto  fte
ft so that their grown sons may which the ch,„ren will be doing;
and of introducing general cuture.
^n this we have Dr. Charles Kuntz
as our advisor. In general we are
working' on the great experiment
which faces mankind after and be-
fcrn  trades.
fe   are    choosing   trades   for
tlch there Is a demand in Mos-
snfl  which  can' be  learned
thont   too   much   evnense   for
(Jilnment. In doing this we con-
It with the trade nn'on organlza-
[n of Woscow: It Is into these or-
•nWntlons that onr children will
large scale education plant ln every way he could devise. Teachers
may regard themselves for a time
as different from other employees
in the-modern industrial and social structure, but the facts are
yond! all reyolutlons-how.-tocon- increa84ng,y  agalnst them.    They
struct a life fn which  education ar6 cog8 ln the propaganda ma-
and productivity shall be one and chlne  of the   ownlng  order   and
iral_   indivisible—in  whieh the produc- they are golng to  be treated  as
.....                '               >     tive process shall be the basis for nthnr   cnes   am   h-inrilp*.      other
flrtiiate ln the course of a couple                ,_,_,,.           _ ,     ,., ,_ ner   C05B   are   nanalea-     utner
yearg                                                a many sided culture, and in which cogs   have   found   that   thelr   de.
all science and culture shall reflect fen8e   against   complete  subjuga-
1*m*Pi\ T/aboratory               back to Illuminate every moment tlon is the union.    Most teachers
\A dental lahoratorv Is to be one of production.   Nowhere but in the do not yet accept the logic of the
onr first shons: there is a big Soviet Union is there the basis for practical   situation,   as   the   1924
£mnnd for the product of such a such an  experiment in the social national  enrollment  of only  3700
Ion. and will be later a big de- and  political  organization  of the in   the   American   Federation   of
and for skilled mechanics ln lt, people;  and on no technique but Teachers shows.    The day of the
tbe Soviet Union  grows more that of America can lt be based, individual craftsman, iii education
(nonernns   and   looks   after   its It Is the aim of the American Vo- as in industry, is past.
e<-tt.   Tbe teohntmie here is bv no cational School in Moscow to make	
'enns   e<i"al   to   the   American, its own small contribution to'this Wisdom   ls   not   what   a   man
0'ierh    Comrade    Feldman,    in problem. knows, but what he is.   The im-
(mrire of this nart of our work,
lis -me tbat in the large Moscow
antal    Laboratory,    tbey
;lne>s   better   arranged   for   the
with and conifortof the workmen
i«n in nnv Isbivsjorv be has seen
tbe TTnlterl States.    We evnect-
enmhlne tbe trood points of both
l-ntems—the Russian care of the
lorker's comfort and the Amerl-
\n advanced* technique.*
Watchmaking
[Next comes our clock factory. A'
Irmer Russian who flfcit to Swit-
fland af ter. 1906, became .there an
pert watch   and  clock  maker.:
Iyer, since the revolution he has
sen planning to come back and
ulld a factory-school for making
locks.  This is ati industry hardly
eveloped-'ln Russian and 'it'ls Important to have cheap clocks so
[hat peasants may begin to develop
ficcuracy and sens* of tine;-? He'
'(fat-tile*' ttOWt ''wurttu of tools'
find ei-jnloment and we'are trv|ni»
bv hook or bv crook, to raise another' 18.000 worth, so as to start
production In a small way with 2.
pupiii,   He h«« hli own ion as
Pass thia  copy to  your  shop-
have rnnta and ret him tn subscribe.
portant thing Is not what we drill
into our children, but what we
drill them into.—A. Bates.
Corporation of the Township of Richmond
L92S
A Ta& Sale wiiLbe held at the jTo^vn HaU,
Brighpuse; B. C; o*r;
WEDNESDAY, SESPT. 30, AT 10 AM
Lands sold at last fa* 'Sale ma^% 'iWf,
deemed on or before the above date.
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About ten years ago NOVOCAIN was introduced, and it is sate to say
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WOMEN'S TAILORED COATS—Fashioned of English tweeds,
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Belt or severely cut mannish lines. Practlciil coats for smart
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WOMEN'S PUR TRIMMED COATS—Offering choice of the
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They are fully lined and cosily finished with black, grey or fawn fur
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Special value    «J> 11/ei/O
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Sizes 16 to 38.    Price  ->Pla/»»/0
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THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE:
Friday, September" 25; 19
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
Two Camps
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press)
TT\IRECT ACTION to secure tol-
Notes From the Camps
SEAMEN'S ACTIVITIES
Starving Sailors Ask fireman and pay the rate of or-
T__ V-o{« 1JV_. 1U.__i.__ !?•______  alnary seamen's  wages,  which  is
In Vain For More Food oniy half of what should have been
paid.   Who gets the difference?
THE  S.  S.  Canadian  Miller  left _—:	
Vancouver on the 3rd of June,
BOOMS-PROFIT-WAGES-INVENTIONS
SUB-SNARKS
'THE  lumber  industry, is experi-
encing something of a boom.
suit, it is claimed, wr.s that
board  was  merely  charred,
erable conditions comes inevitably when men in power bungle
social management until it cannot
be straightened out without a
shift   of   control.     Direct   action,
threatened by over 3,000,000 trade The lumber comPanies "Port »•-  woulQ **ot b**tBt into flame,
unionists   in   England    has   just  creasea orders,  and a consequent  of course is serious news for
forced steps toward real reorgan-   rlse ln prices.    To them the out- lumbermen, and it will be ned
ization of the coal industry.   Bnt  laok ls favorable. sary for them  to  make  anoti.1
direct action,  even better organ-      Not only ls thls true of B,  C.  wage slash to meet the competitlj
ized,  must  carry  the  rcorganlza-   but  the  same  holds good  across
tlon   through   after   the  9-month  *he line' where, orders are reported      The organization of the worki|
The Consolidated Whaling Com-
1925, and returned on the 9th of pany of Victoria wired to head-
September.   The first port of call  quarters for'men to join the S. S.
_          —    .            ,.-     _     ,„          ,             ..         ,,,_         „        , .   .                                               '           i*»"*M     uuuufiu    Ullt.r     Uie    U-montn •,*1*-' ttttei,   w«""Ci wuwd oid icpunou          _...v   *_.e*---.*"--*.v.\...  y_   _»»«   ..-_._..
was Sydney NS. W    where the   "Gray", which yesel is going up to truce   T^p,^ preS8 ,s ^ to be much higher than shipments, logger Into a trade union is a soe
men asked the skipper for heavens'  the whaling stations to bring down at lt sowing abruption. Nothing is being said, however, menace, ahd If accomplished wo_\
sake*, give them some more grub,  the product of this season's catch*.    The tra(le unlon deolslon> from about an lncrease ln wages.   The be a ..natlonal calamity".   At le
The  fare  being  served  was  very T   Halberts,   J.   Lawson,   and   P.  which   great  soola,   changes  may prlce 0f lumber may soar sky high, so one concludes from the fact tlJ
scanty, and there was a shortage We sh were among those that were date,   was   simply   to   stop   the but wages remain at a dead level, it is necessary to maintain a blac|
Boiled  beans  sent to Victoria to man the "Gray."  movement of coal.    It went to all except when the price of lumber list in order to see that this dc
railway and transport workers. It drops.   When that happens wages not happen.   But lt is perfectly*
A non-union man was unsuccess-  was   signed   by   union   executives either come tumbling down, or else order for the lumber barons to
The next port of call was Mel-  ful in securing employment on one correspqndlng to Green, Morrison, the camps close, and wages cease, ganize employers' associations, a,1
bourne,  where   one  of  the   deck of the coasting vessels, on Tuesday,  Matt Woll, Bill Johnston, Prenter, Prosperity in the lumber industry industrial councils, not to ment!
boys cleared out,  stating he was September 22nd.   He had been on Bobertson,   Manion,   Noonan  and means prosperity for the lumber- Hoo Hoo clubs.   One of these clu;
never pleased so much as to give several vessels and when approach- ToD*r* In this country. Interpreted men on]yi and not for those they ^as formed in Vancouver recent
the "Miller" the slip, after suffer- ed to become a union man he re-  oy   labor's   general   staff   in   re-
lng as he had.    Another man left fused, every dog has his day, so  sP°nse to questions from the rank
the ship at Auckland, and the   ap-  he, lost the job, and swears ven- and flIe* Jt mean "Stop All Fuel,"
of tea,  sugar,  etc.
was the predominating feature on
the menu.
employ.
and a local lumberman appoint]
as  understrapper  "snark"  of tn
In  the lumber  industry   as  In  universe.    The fact that a pers»]
tain was kind enough to have the geance on the union  It is rumored' that ta   cut off thepower-which occupatlons, the Iron law of wearing such a high-falutln title"
mon      "nln/tn____4t*     t*v*A     a__nf__n/>i_i.     -fn    fhot   v\e_   moo   _-it__-_   nP i.V*r*   nnIU.n   *-..*t OnVcS    CtLDlr.a.IlKr    I.TinilHtria liBTYl r- * • ...    ..    ._, __..     '•
man   "pinched"  and sentenced to that he was one of the sailors who  drives capitalist industrialism.
14 days Imprisonment for a blank- came out from the Old Country on Capltalsts Preparing
et that was missed from the men's the C. P. B, Flyer, S. S. "Princess
quarters, Kathleen".
At thta period of the voyage, the  ;—:	
men were being served with tripe,      Several   suggestions   have   been ed," said Chairman Swales, open-  inVhe'ratTof"prom"°C^ choosing   titles   for   its   offlcej
capitalist development is at work. ln our m,dst «s not expected to dJ
The amount of constant capital in- throne top bunks, raise wages,
"There is a limit to the conces-  vestea ln logging enterprises is In- reduoe the dead weight of chokeri
sions   unions   can   be   forced   to   creaslng much more rapidly than The Ho° Ho° 0,UD mad« one m*f
make.   That limit has been reach-  varlabie ca.plta.1, causing a decline take  however,  and  that was
seafarer who frequents the water ish  government is quietly enroll- feet logged in 1923, and the fact
iing   a   new   special   constabulary that wages during that year was
ing a member, and taking an active under  the  war  department,   with about the  same  as  in  1924,  one
specific  regulation   that   "no wonders how many million dollars
member may also be or remain a of profit were skinned out of the
member   of   any   other   trade   or Coast loggers that year, but that
similar  union."    This  follows  an is the price loggers pay for par-
Several members of the organiz-
according  tp  the
way he treated the crew.   He had    ^• —    ^ be6n away-from attempt to enroll a special trans- tlal organization.
IrZfiSZlV^nSn-iZ the coast some time have been re- p,ort r«serve branch °£ the army, .    .    .
S£?. tl ,2 1Z, tlZ Td  in-tated to membership, and many aIs°   the  recruiting  of  a  trained Wttges   could   easily  have  been
This is the same skipper that had ^ ^ expresse(. & des[re tQ be civilian   force   of  skilled   workers lncreased flfty per cent, this fall if
from among municipal employees, the men jn the camps haa  been
an old fireman (J. Flaherty) logged to the extent of over $80.00 on
one voyage on the "Canadian Importer."
dry hash and the usual C. G. M.M. aaaressea to tne secretary of the Ing the annual conference of the we flnd the lumbermen of" B C Much Tnore applicable names cou'
stew, with hardly any beef in it. Seafarers' Union to be mentioned British Trades Union' congress a writlng of ru|nous prices hlgb have been found beginning wi
Potatoes were at a premium even  at next meeting of the, organiza-  month later.    He pointed out that  wages an(J ,ow profltg ' s. n., for instance! snarer-ln-chlel
although there was a cheap rate  tion, which will be held on Tues- union policy would be "to recover ' snarler-par-iexcellence;     snatched
for the ship.   Orders were given to  day, October 6th.    As many mem-  lost ground, establish sfiid improve      Reviewing the lumber industry  ne_pjus_uitra. sneak-unrivalled;
have the potatoes boiled In their hers as possible are urged to at- standards   of   wages,   hours, and   ,or the year 1924 the last issue of eyen ■aharic_voraciOUSi
skins and save as much weight as tend.    One  of the  suggestions  is working  conditions,  and  intensify the "B. C. Lumberman" complains
possible, or else miss a few meals that the  initiation  fee...should  be trade union action for winning a  that they received $2 per thousand
without the spud lowered for a certain period (prob- lar5er measure  of control  in in-   -feet  less  in   1924   than   in   1923.
Caotaln  McConnechy   who   has ab,y 6 month) so as to let every du"try for the workers." The Brit-  When one considers the millions of
quite a reputation on the C. G. M.
M. vessels for starving the crews front have the Privilege qf becom
of whatever vessel he is in com-  ing a member, and taking an activ.
mand of, was in command of the  lnterest in the doings of the sea- lne
"Miller,"   and  did   not  harm  his men of Canada-
reputation  any,
Who
Is   BILL   HUNGERFORD!
Aak Any Labor Han.
STANFORD
ROOMS
863 SEYMOUR STREET
Housekeeping   and   Transient
Central—Terms Moderate
Under  New  Management
'Bill" Hungerford and M. Cam-'
bridge, Fropa.
back in the fold of The Federated
Seafarers' Union of Canada.
Bill Love quit the S.  S. Anyox
At one Australian port the cap-  anfl Maurlce Flynn flUed the va_
tain signed on one man as an ordinary seaman, and had the nerve
to put him in the stokehold as a
cancy.
Empire
Cafe
QUALITY
COURTESY
SEASONABLE
76 Hastings East
HAROLD DEGG and
BOB KRAUSE
Ute  64th Batt.  and 72nd Batt.
Mail list at Headquarters:
Cox, A.; Croker, L. B.; Dawson,
R.; Farquhar, D.; Harris, CT; Henderson, C; Hesketh, J.; Illott, G.;
Jones, R. N.; Kissock, J.; Knox, A.;
Lewis, E.; Love, Wm.; Maekay, J.;
Mahoney   G.;   McDonald   J.;   Os- ment mach^ery to pre8erye what
borne, W.; Pattison, B.; Pugh   E. ,t oalled ,ftw anfl order_    ^ ^
to  receive  $100  a year from  the sufficiently united to demand and
government while awaiting orders. flght  for ,t;    Th0Ullanas  ot  men
Force WUl Be Used went East to take in the harvest,
"These    things,"    according   to taking the vast built of the surplus
General Secretary Bromley of the supply of labor off the market.  It
locomotive engineers and firemen, was an  oportune moment to de-
"clearly Indicate that behind the mand an increase, but the neces-
scenes  elaborate  preparations are sary cohesion was lacking,
being   made   to   deal   with   any *    »    •
emergency, as  a  result  pf  Industrial  trouble,  and  it  can  be  as-
After proving, at least to their
own   satisfaction,   that  red   cedar
sumed that the next big industrial  sh]ngles cou,a not be made to burn
dispute will bring to light govern-  ^ ,umbemen are now face(J wlth
A.; Smith, A.; Williams, A.; Wil-
ment of force will undoubtedly be
Hams, J.; Worrall, Wm.; Worrell, use(J fop th(J purpose Q{ suppres.
J.; Warren, S. slon and wll, be deveiope(1 to the
„ .   . strongest possible degree of effl-
a new danger. An Inventor In
Chicago has succeeded In maklne
synthetic lumber from sawdust,
bark, and other waste material.
The inventor claims that boards
made according to his formulae
will not burn.   When the Invention
-Baboeuf.
I
Subscribe to The Advocate
MAINLAND CIGAR STORE
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
310 OARRALL STREET VANCOUVER, B.C.
Corner Oordova and Carrall
Let us see what  is  understood  ciency."
by real  equality.    It  has  for its      That is why British labor ls go
basis   two   essential   conditions-' ing  straight   ahead,   paying   little was   demonstrated    an    acetylene
ln common; enjoyment in common, attention  to the  attempts  of the torch was applied to It, and the re-
press to prove that it ls helplessly 	
split on theoretical issues, AGAINST PIECE WORK
.     SYDNEY,  Australia—(FP)— A
SCAB SHIP PASSENGERS conference of representatives    of
GET WARM RECEPTION trade unions is asking the Labor
NEW   YORK (FP) With   la- Premier  of New  South  Wales to
bor songs and banners the strike of abo»sn the piece-work  system ln
British seamen made Itself felt on the government    railroad    shops.
the sidewalks of New York when Piece-work system leads to soeed-
the White Star liner Majestic land- *™-uP<   accidents   and     slipshod
ed with its scab crew.   As the pas- work.. The system was introduced
sengers began streaming off they after the 1917 general strike*
were greated by a demonstrating "
throng of hundreds of sailors and SAILOR SEEKS DAMAGES
longshoremen, who were respond- NEW       ORLEANS — (FP) —:
ing to a cabled call for assistance Charging permanent Injuries   be**
from the strike committee in Lon- cause of unreasonable orders from
don. all officer on the freighter West
 '  Ekonk. J6hn Frenkler, a seaman
It is by distortedly exalting some as filed suit ln federal court for
men that others are distortedly de- $50,000 damages against te U. S.
based.   A vast mass of mankind sipping beard.    Frenkler said he
are  degradedly thrown  Into the was    denied    proper   scaffolding
background to bring forward with when painting by orders of the
greater glare the puppet show of officer In charge.
State;   and    aristocracy.—Thomas  ;——- '
Paine. I  rj takes much monev to mnke a
rich man, but it takes little virtue.
BRUCE'S
MIDSUMMER
SUIT
SALE
Big reductions, splendid
values. Regular prices
$22.50 to $42.50, now—
$15 to $37.65
C. D. BRUCE
Limited
Oor. Homer and Haatinga St.
VANCOUVER, B.O.
Red Star Drug Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
Wa Make • Special Effort to Get Gooda Ont by First Mall
After Receipt of Tour Order
Vancouver, B.O.
Send in Your Subscription Today. —Bernard Shaw,
The Original
HARVEY
Logging Boot
HAND-MADE BOOTS
.for
LOGGERS,  MINERS,
CRUISERS and
. .      PROSPECTORS
Qniek Strvios for Bepalri -
All Work Ourutssd
gp._Ul Attratlon to Vail Orion
H. Harvey
E.tibliih.a la Vaaooavor Is HIT
58 OORDOVA STREET W. iday, September 25, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Pag?lUvta
.employment Still
Growing in Britain
(By Len De Caux.)
ONDON. — Despite the  comb-
out *. of the  workless   under-
en by the Baldwin government,
fise avowed policy ls to "knock
off the register," latest fig-
from the ministry of labor
tw an  Increase  of  more  than
D00 in the  number of  British
bmployed  ln  one week.    This
ags  the  number of  registered
|mployed  to   1,260,400,   an   ln-
se of nearly 200,000 sipce last
rhe situation is worse than the
Ijires  indicate,  for the govern-
nt recently forced through its
employment   Insurance   bill   in
face of  bitter labor  opposl-
,  and many  who  Bhould  rape unemployment benefit have
|bn deprived  on the  pretext  of
liomy.     It   is   estimated   that
.00  families  will suffer  aa  a
Suit of this bill.    The governing has appointed a special staff
| inspectors to restrict the num-
of workless who can be reg-
bred.
TOESE Sale Prices Will
•Sure Save You Money
WHY THE AMERICAN GOVERNMENT British Seamen Slave
REFUSED TO ADMIT SAKLATVALA       For Starvation Wage
T ONDON—Shapurjl     Saklatvala, lea disposed to place some confi- (By Carl Brannin, Federated Press)
Communist   taember   of   the denee in the talk of British dis- LONDON—British seamen's low
armament.    I want to point out wage Bcale ,B typifled ln the case
that so long as Britain can com- o£ a donkey ma„( wlth 26 years on
mand in her service-3,000,000 col- the sea# He reoelvea ln wage8 |60
llamentarv Union Congress  wliich °red  tr°°PS  in  India  and  South a month for a 12-hour day. Out of
Uamentory union congress, which Afri(ja and can throw them intQ
British parliament has been for*
bidden by the United States gov*
eminent to atend the Inter-Par*
this he had to pay at high prices
the field simply on the word of a for hls own food on board>    De.
viceroy all such talk is hypocrisy ductlons and contributions had to
and sordid lying.   The diplomats of be taken care ort> g0 ln the end
Europe and America are not fool- there was  ,eft  for h,B wlfe and
u. _»«____« vm.    x.™ w__.™.   efl    The people a,-0 should not.be
admits to membership any member ..,.._ ,_ lamuy me sum ot t.* a weea io
...                         IB-.On   in. fii.«*>*irf<I«*.    t*nnA      _lnfli<<*,>   art*    oholto.
meets in Washington, D. C., Octo*
ber 1st to 7th. The announcement
that he intended attending the
Congress provoked bitter' attacks
in the British press.   This Congress
provide food, clothing and shelter
for them.
On a long voyage, say a 5-month
trip to Australia, his wife was advanced  one  third   of  a  month's
[Hen'a Hesvy Winter Weight Bib
Underwear, per garment, $1.16
and     *2.26
den's Knitted Vests, sleeveless,
eaeh .'.      —  11.76
fen's Irish Serge Pants, 5 pockets belt loops, cuff bottoms,
pair  .   12.85
iMnleskin Work Oloves  350
[Military Orey Work Shirts.... 95o
llfen't White ' Hemstitched Gam-
brio Handkerchiefs   50
fen's    Merino   Underwear,   per
garment         BOO
Comblnatlona ......      $1.90
(Arthur Frith & Co.
ftn'i   and   Boys'   Furnishings,
Hats, Boots and Shots
2313 MAIN STREET
Between   7th   and   8th   Avenues
Pbone Fair. 11
of a parliamentary body in any ,
. -»    ,_„. *w_   c 1,1 . _.i There is in the minds of the
country.    In 1923 Mr. Saklatvala
attended ttae Congress in Copen- British aristocrats and Socialist im-
hagen.                                                   perialists a lust for world conquest
Before being refused admission infinitely worse than the kaiser's,
into the United States. Saklatvala If there is to be world disarmament wages  by  the  company and  re-
was questioned by the Federated ther° mu« ■»«» end to imperial- ceived one third each month while
isf and British imperialism must ho  was  away.   Where  there are
go first, for it is the worst in its children and the wife is unable to
danger to the peace and prosperity swe11 the Income, she must appeal
of the world. to the* local relief board for help.
"I should iike not only to warn When the man returned from Ws
long journey he was presented first
the western world of this imperialist menace but to suggest concrete measures to check it in spite
of the frantic attempts to drown
my voice,
Press as to the reasons why he
desired to attend the Congress, and
made the following statement:
'I am going to America for the
first time. Naturally it is not my
purpose to tell Americans how to
manage their affairs. But I do
want the American people and
their Canadian brothers to know
that the ideas of sir Bobert Home
and certain other members of the America,
British group are not the ideas of'great 00untry. It will be my first
all the British people. He is a opportunity in 15 years to see them
perfect representative of the Brit- and learn at first hand o£ what
ish imperialist and aristocratic America haa meant to them. I
class. I am a representative of the am i_oki__g forward with keen sat-
British working class of the ad- igfaotion to the opportunity to
vanced type. When I denounce study your lnstitutions and the pro-
British imperialism it is not be-  gre8S your nation has made „
cause I happen to be a native of ^	
India but because as a member of ^,„____._T_~_._, _■«_ w,_- „ „_._^
the working class I know that the SHIPOWNERS USE UNEMPLOYED
British empire stands for the enslavement and degradation of not
only the workers of Britain and
the colonies . but the workers of
America as well. There is a growing menace to the living standards
of the workers of the world when month
thing with a bill for this / relief
which consumes all that is left of
his earnings.
The use of Indian seamep in
I have two brothers in Australian and eastern ports in an
loyal citizens of your attempt to break the strike recalls
the wage scale for theBe men. In
1921 on the British-India Line the
wages for Indian seamen were
$7.50 a month. These have been
reduced to $6 per month at signing on. Out of its 20,000 seamen,
16,000 are' Indians. The company
made $11,500,000 profit in 1924.
TO QUELL STRIKING SAILORS
(By Scott Nearing, Federated Press)
bave men work on the ship about 18
T ONDON—British
taken   a   wage-cut
Patronize Our Advertisers.
BOYS'
SHOES
"'HE BOYS can always do
with an extra pair of
shoes. At the prices we are
belling them you will be wise
fn getting a couple of pairs.
BEAL BARGAINS
I Men, Women and Ohildren
\The Imperial
Shoe Store
[1087 OBANVILLE ST.
Standard Furniture Co.
seamen
of $5 a days out of 30. Their pay is a lit-
Thcre have been rebel tie over $25 a month. When the
one nation can produce coal, textile strikes and left-wing protests, but ship lies in Southhampton between
goods and other manufactured ar- the officials of the National Sail- voyages, they may apply for shore
tides with a labor horde of 16,- ors' and Firemen's union, who jobs at the Cunard offices, but then
000,000 African, Indian and Chin- agreed to the cut, declare "we are they must work at shore wages,
ese people earning from 8 to 16 Inundated with applications of un- about 20 per '.ent. below ship
cents per day. That is the power lon men for positions." This means wages. The situation among, the
of the British empire in these dark that where rebel strikes have been seamen is similar to that among
lands.    If this is allowed to con- started, the union filled the places,  the miners a month ago.    Both
Tbere has been delay in the sailings of channel boats for France
and the Channel islands, but for
the most part the workers have
accepted the cut. The secret of
the  situation   lies   in   the   report
tlnue, in 15 years all Europe will
be reduced to the coolie scale and
American workers will hit the bottom too in due time. Can American cotton growers compete with
British plantations in the  Sudan
faced a wage cut. Neither could
afford it. The miners, well organized, maintained their* wage-rate.
The seamen, poorly organized, took
the reduction.
paying labor 8 cents per day? Can from Cardiff and Swansea, pub-
American textile workers hold the "lished by the London Daily Herald:
-bare standard they have with Brit- "Every ship requiring men has
Ish mills in India and China using sailed. If there were another 50
native labor at 16c per day? That ships, they would sail, for men are
is why I say the British empire clamoring for jobs."
must be dissolved. That is why I There are more than a million
am an implacable enemy of the and a half unemployed in the Brit-
Union Jack and what it signifies. ish isles.   This ls the off season in
"There may be people in Amer-
GLASSES
$5
COMPLETE
Ho Drags Hnd in Examination
•THIS, advertisement means hlgh-
■*•   grade   glasses,   with   a   thorough and advanced eye examination by a graduate specialist. You *
will find  that we give the most
value for the least money, and we
stand   back   of  all  work   turned
......
.-- *    if- your eyes ache, see us,.
■■■:.■■■   '::-.'.'.
Bird Eye Service
205 SEBVIOE BLDQ.
;";     _   680 Bobson Street
;•■:■*••...- .*;.
-
Phone Sey. 8955
thd shipping industry. The tourist
rush is over, and many sea-faring
men would be laid off in any case.
The employers have timed their
move with judgment. Stratgetlc-
ally, the position of the men is
weak. The seamen and firemen
on the ships are organized, but the
stewards have had no effective organization for three, years. Even
if there were no serious unemployment, the workers are not in a
position, to meet the employers
since the majority of seafarers do
not carry union cards. The recent
efforts to create an industrial un-
ioli including all who work on
ships, or to affiliate the ship workers' With the Transport Workers
have alike failed.
• ; Before the August wage cut, sea-
open and firemen received about
$50 .for a. full-time month, and
stewards, were paid about. $47.. The
cut:reduces their -wages to about
; $45 .and- $42,. for..-full-time. But
.these men do riot work, full time.
••Take the workers on the Cunard
liner Berengaria. They sign up for
each voyage. When the voyage is
completed, they are paid off. These-
ADELAIDE, South Australia.—
(FP)—The trade union movement
in South Australia has requested
the state Labor government to give
preference to unionists in all government departments. In South
Australia the building trade workers are fighting the government
for the 44-hour week.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
BABBISIEBB,  SOUOITOBB, BIO.
401-401 Metropolitan Bulldlnf
IST Haitian St. W., Vanconvtr, B.O.
Tslaphonts: Stymour MM aad ((67
T
SCHOOL
Opens
.**      *»
October 6
Sixty
Courses
Register any afternoon between 5 and 6, or October
1st, 2nd and 5th between
7 p.m. and 9:30 p.m., at
the School Board Offices,
Dunsmuir and Hamilton
Streets.
RECIPROCATE
We   support   yonr  paper.
Where do yon buy yonr
Painting Supplies?
PAINT THIS PALL
—WITH—
ANTIMO WHITE
Prepare for the winter rain*
with a coat of good paint
IF BUILDING OR REMODELLING  USB
FIR OR LAMATOO
3-PLY PANELS
and get that cosy effect. See
our finished samples and
use our free estimate service  on  paints and  panels.
Gregory & Reid
Paint Co.
Sey. 4636 117 Hastings E.
WE DELIVER
MEN'S NEW
STETSON   HATS
Are Now Opened Up, $8.50
VELOUR, in thc New Shades $6.50
BILTMOBE HATS, Silk Lined $5.50
STANFIELD'S UNDERWEAR, at $3.00 Suit, and Combinations.
HANSON SOX SOc, 65c, 75c
ALL WOOL SWEATERS, up from $2.00
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 OORDOVA STREET WEST Page Eight
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Friday, September 25,
f
NEW FALL
MILLINERY
MRS. KAIGHAN
8822 HASTINGS EAST
Burnaby
Confectionery
S970 HASTINGS ST. E.
ENGLISH  and  AMERICAN
MAGAZINES and Periodicals
STATIONERY and SOHOOL
SUPPLIES
Confectionery and  Tobaccos
Light Lunches Served
I  SUPPORT BUSINESS CONCERNS-FRIENDLY
TO ORGANIZED LABOR
•THE advertisers in The Labor Advocate deserve the support of organized labor
and its friends. They materially assist in making it possible for this paper to
be of service to the workers. The individuals and firms using our publication are
showing interest in our cause, and workers should give them the preference in
making purchases. As organized workers, you can readily see the value of reciprocity in preference to all others. This goes to show that our advertisers should
get the benefit of the purchasing power of organized labor.
iPS
mam
mm
$
NORTH BURNABY
Phone High. 801
$
Phone High.  457
Mitchell's Transfer
FURNITURE MOVING
BAGGAGE—EXPBESS
3711 Hsstings St.E., Vancouver, B.O.
DON'T MISS THIS
Big
Wear-Ever
Special
Regular $1.85 for $1__>
KIDD & CO. HARDWARE
VANCOUVER HEIGHTS
Phone High. 151? We Pay Glen. Calls
Come With All Yov
ETE  TROUBLE
R.O.
"Registered
OPTOMETRIST
and OPTICIAN
See  our  stock  of  Wat<
Clocks and Jewelry
before buying
REPAIRING
Watches, Clocks and JeweJ
is a Specialty
SatUtMtion Guaranteed
3812 HASTINGS EASTJ
(Unci to Bank of Commerce!
VANCOUVER HEIGI
Kodaki,  Films snd  Anat.
Finishing
Prescriptions, Drags
ANDERS' QUALITY
PBBPABATIONS
Take Anders' Cod Liver and '
Extract before Winter* oome
SUTHERLAND Sells for Less
A FEW OF THE REAL MONEY-SAVERS
Largest Size Flannelette Blankets  $2.20
5 Yards White or Striped Flannelette for $1.00
Knitting Wool, Baldwin's and P. K., per ounce  15c
All-Wool Tweeds, 40 inches wide, per yard  90c
Children's Wool Mixed Vests, each.   50c
The Busy Dry Goods Store
3916 HASTINGS ST. E.
We Specialize in f j$|l 0QQ ChlDS   Fried *ta Crisco
THE HEIGHTS CAFE
Full Course Dinner 11-2
Shoyt Orders at All Times
WE ABE AGENTS FOB
McCLARY RANGES
in Vancouver Heights
sold on east TEEMS      $10 Down, $10 a Month
Yonr old range taken In exchange We   buy,  sell   or   exchange  Now
ud Second-hand Furniture
MARSHALL'S Hardware and
Furniture Store
8918 HASTINGS EAST     Next to Sutherland's Dry Ooods Store
Newman
Meat
Market
DELIVERY
LEAVES STORE
DAILY
10a.m&2p.m.
(No, 32
3914 Hastings St. East
OUE MOTTO: "CONSISTENTLY LOW PRICES"--!
GIVE US A TRIAL
THE VETERAN (Arthur Clayton)
4088 HASTINGS STREET* EAST
0R00FRIES, CONFECTIONERY, Ice Cream,
Tobacco.   Light Lunches Served
BEAUTIFUL HAIR
Are you satisfied with yours!
For Marcelling, Shingling and all
forms of BEAUTY CULTUBE we
are at yoar serrloe.
Dally from 9 to 7 and by
appointment
HOSIERY SAVINGS
Full Fashioned
QUALITY SOS HOSE
At prioes you ean afford to pi
Gome  in  any  time  and look f
our stook—It will please yon
OPENING DAT,   SATUBDAS
SEPT. 26
Myrtle's Beauty Sho]
Glen. 334
3972 HASTINGS ST. EAST Glen. 31
—NEW-
ART
NEEDLEWORK
STORE
New and Exclusive Designs
HEMSTITCHING
and
STAMPING      ■
MRS. E. STILES
3822%  HASTINGS EAST
G. Val Mulligan
4098 HASTINGS EAST
TOBACCONIST
BARBER SHOP
Toilet Preparations
Ladles' Work a Specialty
Two Barbers always in attendance
W. T. Graham
TAILOR
4105 HASTINGS EAST
Phone Glenbum 157R
Let Us Make Your Suit or
Overcoat
We make better clothes for
less money.
Cleaning; and Pressing
Bridges'
Meat Market
3906 HASTINGS E.
Perfect  Refrigeration and
Sanitation
Courtesy and Service
T MnRoirrh
1. H-CDBip
BURNABY
CYCLE STORE
Agent for CLEVELAND CYCLES
Baby  Carriage  Bepairs
Welding and Goneral Bepairs
4058 HASTINGS EAST
R. C. HIRST
ELECTRICAL
CONTRACTOR
We  do  complete and  dependable
House Wiring.
LAMPS,  PIXTUBBS,
APPLIANCES
4003 HASTINGS EAST
Glen. 161L
Moving shortly to 4090 Hastlngi
(itreet h,
G. L. Lawst
NOTABY   PUBLIO
t*
Agreements, Deeds and Wills 1
pared;  Fire and Automobile!
nuance; Bents Collected!
4001 HASTINGS
VANCOUVER,
.   Fhones: Office,  Glenbum
Bet., Highland 1273 j
QUICK SERVICE
SHOE REPAIR
Best Material and Workmanship
Prompt,   Courteous   and   Satisfactory Service
SEASONABLE PBIOES
W. H. Cridland
3818 HASTINGS EAST
Next Door  to McKee's  Jewelry
Ston
THE GIFT SHO|
Vaneoaver Heights!
Jewelry Stoj
(S. O. Johnson)
3826 HASTINGS EAS
Novelties and Bepairs

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