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The Canadian Labor Advocate 1926-04-22

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The Canadian
The Week's News
J'.The War ln Passaic  1
Coupon Clippers' Toll .... 1
[-.Newsprint Mergers 1
I.L.P. Elects Offlcen^ 2
Torture ln U.S. ItMW,---- 3
lighteenth Year, No.
With Which It Iworporafd THE l.C. FEDERATIONIST
Special Articles
Fenalon for Judges ...— 1
Britain's Debt to U.S  »
Imperialism and Copper .. I
The Week at Ottawa 4
Economlo  Surrey  _ 4
1120,000 BiPTo Free
Textile Strike Leader
Textile Barons Vent Fury on Strikers
A88AIC, M. J.—It will require
|the sum ot (120,000 to tempor-
free Albert Welsbord, textile
_r leader, from the toils ot the
I outburst of fury and whole-
[clubbings, the police here ar-
Welsbord, charged him with
king the law on three counts,
het hall  at  $10gM>0 on each
It.   It the striking workers suc-
J in raising the necessary $30,-
lo get hlm out ot Jail he will be
jedlately rearrested by the po-
Jof Garfield, Clifton, and Lodi,
fged with the same oftences In
of these three towns, and bail
Itch case will be Bet for the same
■ant    bringing    the    total    to
jxtlle workers In the East have
Jessed the unbridled fury of
mill owners on numerous oc-
ons, but it is doubtful lf ever,
ln tbls industrial battlefield,
/tke haB been marked with such
ie police are receiving their or-
* directly from the.mill owners.
I i 1 e     correspondents     from
Federated   Press    and     the
|lon   sat   within a few feet of
I at a strike hearing a police of-
from the strike town of Oar-
called  up  Justice  of  Peace
|greaves on the telephone, and
"Call up the  ForBtmann &
If man plant and get my orders."
Forstmann & Hoffman plant is
■ of the mills on Btrike.
lartlal law has been proclaimed
[the strike area, 'and sheriff's
pities are patrolling the towns
sawed off shot guns.
Wholesale arrests are the order
|he day.   In addition to the ar-
of Welsbord,   Esther  Lowell,
[.rated    Press    correspondent;
|ert W. Dunn, author of "Amer-
Forelgn   Investments";   Nor-
i Thomas, of the Socialist Party,
a number of other prominent
i are in jail.   A vast number
pickets have also been incarcer-
.   Ball tor Lowell, Dunn and
nas has been set at $10,000.
feqdltlous Utterances"  was  the
pnal  charge preferred  against
He was speaking to  a
jvd of strikers and characterized
!l outrageous  ball  under  which
sbord was held as a "mockery
lustlce."    He wsb immediately
ed from his stand by the police,
le the sheriff shouted to his dep-
"Clcan 'em up boys," and the
ice closed in on the crowd, club-
: and driving tbe strikers away,
ie charge against Thomas was
reduced to "unlawful asseni-
His first hearing was a star
nber   affair.    Reporters   were
Ired out,    A representative of
7 New York Times was bodily
hed out on the street.    A re-
^er from the Nation was told to
elsewhere for a copy ot the
tstltutlon of New Jersey, when
Wed tor one, and a Methodist
teller was arrested outside the
rafter Thomas' arreBt for re-
fklng:  "They did not read the
bildren of from ten to sixteen
of age  are assisting their
I ere, mothers and sisters on the
et line, and not even the attacks
ELLINGTON, New Zealand —
(—William James Little, a lad
, from Birmingham (England)
to New Zealand under the
Inlle Farm Workers' Immlgra-
scheme, on the understanding
i the ranch owner who engaged
J would treat him as "one of the
Illy."    Uttle  found his  condl-
ls so nearly approaching chat-
felavery that he took a gun, went
the  paddock   and  blew  his
|lns out.
of police mounted on horses and
motorcycles, and armed with clubs
can scare them. When the police
charge the ohildren scatter, and In
a few minutes .reform their lines.
They are now threatening to strike
beoause the police* make the streets
so dangerous;', Several ot the children have been arrested, and kept
in Jail overnight. They are the most
active reporters for the Textile
Strike Bulletin, which the strikers
are publishing each week.
The children staged a huge parade 20,000 strong, and had great tun
making signs to carry. The leading
banner bore the inscription: "You
bosses, you* murderers! Fifty per
cent, more ohildren die in Passaic
than in any other part of New Jersey. Why?' Night work of the
mothers kills them. Lack ot food
kills them. Low wages kills them.
You kill them."
The strike Is still unbroken, but
funds are urgently needed.
Canadian Newsprint
Barons Amalgamate
I MONTREAL-(FP) — Consolidation of the control of Canada's
newsprint industries proceeds
apace. The "Big Four" nowi handles
over 80, per cent, of the newsprint
output of Canada and 45 per cent,
of the . total production of Nortli
America. The Big Four are the
Canadian Export Paper Co., the
Holt group Including the St. Maurice Valley Paper Co., Port Alfred,
Canada Paper and the St. Maurice
Sales Corp.; the George H. Mead
Co., and the International Paper Co.
These four newsprint groups
control an output of 4,800 tons per
day of a total Canadian production
of 5,700 tons a day in the Canadian
production outside the control of
the Big Four is some 360 tons a
day, manufactured by American
newspapers for their own use and
exercising no influence on the general market.
"It is reassuring to investors who
feel the Canadian newsprint Industry Is moving toward overproduction, to reflect on the ownerships
and affiliations of the various companies," tho Financial Post of
Toronto says. The Big Four lt suggests will be able to regulate prices
especially as the American newsprint mills have higher production
Bankers Organize
an Interstate Army
CHICAGO—(FP)—Private arsenals, munitions, soldierB and communication systems, established by
the bankers of Illinois for their
own purposes and copied by bankers ot neighboring states are being
knit into an Interstate body of
armed men, ostensibly to capture
bank bandits.
Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Indiana are the provinces
selected by the embattled bankers
for their coordinated army activities. "The conference agreed,"
says a handout of the meeting of
the bank army chiefs, "that there
would be no halting of the chase at
a state line."
Most of the banker associations
ln these states put a premium on
killings. Persons shooting a bank
robber suspect are given from 21^
to 5 times as much money by the
bankers as those who merely capture or .arrest ,hlm. No rewards
ore given for killing or capture of
bank presidents and others who
rob banks from the inside. Tlle
banker armies shoot In tbe opposite
THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT may have millions of dollars to pay out in doles to retired judges, but seemingly
there is no money to help furnish the blind with sufficient
Recently J. S. Woodsworth, Labor M. P., presented a petition in the Canadian House of Commons, signed by some 144
blind persons, and a further 21,000 residents in Manitoba, requesting the government to enact legislation which would
provide for a system of pensions for the blind;
Clause 5 of the petition reads: "That such blind persons:
being without, and unable to earn their owh livelihood, or
support themselves or theirs dependents are either i living in
dire poverty, or have been and are dependent upon the charity
of others, and as a result such unfortunate persons are finding
it exceedingly difficult to live, and the lives of many are being
considerably shortened. ' 	
» * * *♦* »*» »»»
By LELAJID OLDS, Federated Press Total dividend and interest pay-
DIVUH-NDS   and   Interest   pay- n,entB   ln   each   ymr   9lnc<i.  U1S
ments ln 1925 crossed the four '
billion dollar mark the first time In im .....1,777,236,000
history, according, to the U. S. -- »»   1,786,376,000
partment of commerce.    The total *^    1,865,112,000
of $4,077,324,000 means an Income        m6     2,135,028,00C|
gain ot about 6 per cent, for the,        «»   2.389,140,000     *
owners of capital over the $3,840,-,        ™*   2,724,732,000
588,000 which they received on their mi  3,189,168,000
securities In 1924. »«•    3,414,870,000
This exorbitant return to absen- 1'21    i.,341,808.000'
tee   owners would   provide a  full U-M   ** 3.899,720,000
year's pay to 3,160,000 workerB at*       im   3,385,216,000
the average wages paid in the coun- 1924    3,840,588,000
try's factories.    If divided dually *™   4,077,324,000
among all the farmers, factory The cash receipts by the owners
workers, railroad workers and mln- of stocks and bonds In the 13 years
ers employed throughout the coun- shown In the table amount to the
try it would have given each about enormous total ot $37,626,324,000.
$240 more toward his annual bud- Reports of tlle commissioner of. in-
gut, ternal revenue Ind'cate that over 70
This year's payments mark a gain per cent, of tills went to tlle 1 per
of nearly 20 per cent, over 1920, the cent, of the population that can live
last year of war profits.   They re- in comfort without doing anything
present an increase of 129 per cent, useful for the community,
over   1913   when   the   owners   of Attempts  to   Justify   such   huge
stocks and bonds received a total payments to owners by saying the
ot $1,777,236,000. country needs a constant supply ot
.^________________ new capital are  hypocrfticul.    To-
Ctihan* Make Run on l,ay tlle Cl"'"0iall0"s <"e retalnll,8
*_.uoan. muKU txun un   _„„„,,,, ,„ *,mI*V|,ll!(1 „,. sul.plUB
Canadian Royal Bank prollts to provide for all necessary
  expansion   of lhe  country's  plant.
AVANA, Cuba.-The sixty-six As ** re8U>.-' tlieri- ls «n "'-mltted
branches ot the Royal Bank of Can- sur»ll-s ot **>■*•»* ■0°*-l»S 'or -"-
ada, scattered over Cuba experi- vestment and the Investment bank-
enced a crisis when thousands of ers are w-"*">8 overtime to pro-
depositors stormed their doors de- vl,lc enoueil new' securities for the
mandlng return of funds. The run *■*"*•*****■ Re<Uvislon of the coun-
followed attacks ot the Spanish lan- •ry'« lllcome '" '«vor of the mll-
guage newspapers on the Royal "01-s of reaI Producers would re-
Bauk. Police reserves were colled flu,t ln ,10thlnB bl" I-™'1 "> **■* n»-
out In Havas nnd Havana when tlon "s " wnol°-
fighting and rioting broke out.                       —	
President Machado hurried to Ihe On*,!**,!,***,   Rr\ccf>e   If ill
main brnnch and deposited $100,000 J«       W     I             T.
of his personal funds.   He told tlle Une  WOrker 3  Day
angry  depositors   that   tho  Cuban 	
treasury of $20,000,000 In cash TORONTO.—A death a day as a
would be transferred to the Royal result of the Industrial accidents
Bank If necessary. The local affecting workers covered by the
branch of the National City Bank compensation act of the province
of New York also had a slight run. of Ontario Is the tribute paid by
  labor to mammon.
OrO-anizatioil   Drive Normally there are 450,000 work-
N_/I gdlHlcUIUU   L'I|VC ers covered by the workmen's com-
Opened by Parade pensation act of Ontario, and dur-
  Ing the pnst 11 years there have
BOSTON — (FP) — About 7500 been 4,328 fatalities through Indus-
members ot 72 local unions marched trial accidents, an average of more
in six parades to Faneull Hall to than one a day,
begin Boston's part ln the American 'n the same period 502,014 work-
Federation of Labor national or- ers have sustained Injuries through
ganization campaign. A thousand industrial accidents sufficiently ser-
others filled the hall galleries and 'ous to be reported to the board as
2000 stood In the sciunre outside lo « <*«»* (or compensation. This Ib
hear John Van Vaerenwyck, mem- to say, that every year one worker
ber of local 97 cigar-makers strike in every ten has been a victim of
committee and vice-president Mass. an Industrial accident, Involving nn
State Federation of Labor. '"Jury more or less serious.
A group of 100 colored men and T° Put ** *•■■«*■**' W, lho aver-
women affiliated with the American **> *""-*" '" ""-l-s-''>' ln 0l-">''-"
Negro Labor Congress were barred has Bn «ma<*ry cha"™ °f •*<"***■■<*
from accompanying the parade dl- (°\ •*» *°<*'« wll» °*** '"J1"*' *«<*
vlslon leaving the central labor un- "cl°"--*' ™*°™ -° be WW-*
lon  headquarters.    The  delegation	
proceeded separately to Faneull Sixty per cent, of the London re-
Hall and occupied seats around the crults who enlisted Into the army
platform. lost year were out of work.
Canadian Judges Reap
Reward For Laziness
Home Guards Also Get Share of Loot
WHGX the Old Age.Pensions
were under discussion ln the
House of Commons and' a number
of i well-to-do people were making
objection to the very great cost Involved In. old folk over seventy
years of age receiving twenty dollars a month, Mr. Edwards brought
out some very interesting tacts with
regard to the pensions paid Judges,
and certain military officials.
I "Let us take, for instance, the
matter of pensions to Judges. This
is not the first time that I have
raised my voice In objection to these
pensions. It did not do any good on
former occasions, and I do not suppose lt wlll do any good now. There
are in thiB House too many lawyers
fpr that; they are looking after
themselves sufficiently and they
are, I presume, looking forward to
the time when they will also pull
down pensions as judges. I would
not be at all surprised if the Minister of Justice (Mr. Lapolnte) was
looking forward to pulling, down a
C.L.P. Gets Ready
For Aha. Elections
EDMONTON.—Five candidates
wlll lie placed In the field by the
Labor Party in Edmonton in the
coming provincial election. This
decision was arrived at a recent
meeting of the Central Council of
the C. L. P.
Tbe Executive Committee of the
Council recommended that three
candidates be nominated, but the
general meeting amended the recommendation by deciding to run a
full slate. Great enthusiasm -was
evident In the meeting and there
Was a general expression of confidence in Labor's ability to poll a
greater vote than ever before.
The nominating convention will
le held on Tuesday, May 4th, when
all members of organizations affiliated with the C. L. P. will have an
opportunity to participate in the
selection of candidates.
Farmers Decide to
Unite Their Forces
REOINA, Sask.—(FP) — Plans
have been completed for the amalgamation of the Saskatchewan
Oraln Growers' Association and tlle
Farmers' Union of Canada. The
name of tho new organization will
be the United Farmers of Western
Canada, Saskatchewan Section.
The organization Is lo have an
inter-provinclal objective. A bona
tide farmer basis for membership
has been agreed upon. The new
organization will not receive a subsidy from nny commercial company
and tbe limit on the term in any
office will bc two years.
This agreement goes in effect
when occcepted by conventions of
both organizations.
'Frisco Carpenters
Battle Open Shop
walkout of union carpenters from
opensbop jobs, scheduled .for April
1 as a test of strength (or the Son
Francisco building trades unions, Is
In effect. Tlio unions claim 500
men men nut. Thc Industrial Assn.
says thore nre only 76. Many contractors, while displaying openshop
signs, hire only union workers and
these are not being disturbed. Union painters ore co-operating In the
strike by a campaign ot persuasion,
Inducing nonunion painters on
building jobs lo sign up with the
"I notice trom the Auditor General's report we are paying llfc-
333.12 in pensions to three judaaa
of the Supreme Court of Canada.
Hon. members will note that ttaar
do not let up on the cents; they pal
down even the 12 cents. There an
twelvto Ontario Judges drawing $tV
666.80 a year, and fourteen Quebea
judges drawing $77,008.26 a yea*.
Among them one Judge who draw*
down a pension of $8,000 a yeac
Three get $7,099.92 each; two ftt
$6,999.96 each; three get $l,0fl»
each. So it goes not.. tn* Natfc
Scotia tour judges draw $18,600; Im
New Brunswick tour Judges draw
$13,166; in Manitoba four draw
$17,663; in British' Columbia twa
dram $3,883, and in the Yukon oa*
draws $4,999. In thla way then la
an amount of $184,397.71 helng paM
out in pensions to these poor, unfortunate, indigent Judges of this
oountry. Of course the Supramp
court Judges and other Judge* la
Canada work at such a small aalary that tbey could never lay* by
anything tor their old age, so —eej
are provided for In this way.
"When I reter to these pensloael
Judges I recall an hon. gentlemaa
who graced the tloor of this parliament for some years, wbo was •
cabinet minister, who drew M*
sessional Indemnity Sb a member
of parliament, his remuneration a*
a cabinet minister and at the same
time his pension of $4,666,66 a year.
The reason why this Judge was retired from the bench was because
the work was too strenuous tor
him. He wanted a life ot ease, aal
so he came into parliament, ia
order to be sure that the work
would be extremely easy for him
he took a cabinet position where he
would have nothing at all to do. I
recall another hon. gentleman wh*
had a seat ln this House for a number of years and who Bat on th*
other side. I want to refer to th*
two so as to balance things up properly. This gentleman held the position of leader of the opposition; he
almost became Prime Minister ol
the Dominion ot Canada, but not
quite. He was voted down on a
memorable occasion when the right
hon. gentleman (Mr. Mackenzie
King) received the highest voto and
was selected. This hon. gentlemaa
had retired from the bench; th*
work got too strenuous for him; he
could not stand the strain and he
retired under a pension. He came
into this House and he drew bl*
sessional Indemnity, his salary a*
leader ot the opposition and hla
pension as a retired Judge. He
carried on here for a while, but this
life got tame for him and he went
back again to the strenuous lite oa
the bench. I do not know whether
or not he is now drawing bis first
pension, but I am sure that the fact
of a pension being ahead of him win
not discourage his thrift by any
means. He will look forwnrd t*
that eagorly. Some Bay: If yo*
want a pension scheme, It wlll Involve a large amount of nmriey.
They capitalize that amount ot
money and it amounts to so many
million dollars capitalized. Tf yoa
capitalize at four per cent, the pensions now being paid to Judges wh*
worked for a baro living when Ihey
were on the bench and never could
lay anything by for their old nge.
It will amount to pretty nearly is,-
"We have In this country another
class ot people who are drawing
down pensions, and this Is thn clasa
that the hon. member for Rlmnuskl
(Sir Eugene Flsct) wanted mr to
go Into details about. We have *
number of military men, som* ot
whom risked their lives oversea*
and some of whom risked thoir
(Continued on Page Three) Age Two
Thursday, April 22ndi 1921
•Sbitotxal page
Address  All Letters  and
lUmittanccs to the Bdltor
tbe Canadian Cabor Advocate
81* HoMen Bulldlnf. 1* Haitian St. E„ VneHRr, B.C.
rhne, Sey. »*a
$2.00   PER   TEAR,
I Manet Pail Epics
The Minimum Wage and Oriental Labor
WITH the advent of the minimum wage law in British Columbia those who are afflicted with the phantasy that the
UK that most financial sharks prevention of Orientals from working in this province will
'B Th7y  sHulm.* 21 80lve SOme 0f the ■»** Problems of White WOrkera- Me See-
over  and gone  tbe  eredit inK a new ray of hope; and the daily press, ever ready to play
les'-etorer—that folks haB spent upon popular prejudice in order to prevent clear thinking, has
.1 they a«t got and hocked their reCently been relating with gusto how a minimum wage of
forty cents an hour will ensure the white skinned wage earner
Our Open 3<orum
Readers art invited to und letters for publication ih "Our Optn
Forum." Communications should not exceed 250 words. -No viiwi
will be centortd io long as wtitm ref tain from indulging in pmonaliliti.
The management of the ADVOCATE estutmi do niponiibilitv fo.\
opinion! exptttttd in thii tpace.
i sure a lot   And Oermany is
made me out an admission card I
the Royal Columbian Hospital,
I did not tell htm I was oft a.sl
On the morning ot the 24th ,
ship had left Westminster for
couver to finish loading, I had*
blow down the Captain's ear
I had to go into the hospital,
produced the admission...card l\
Dr. Manchester, so as to clear i
self as a deserter, but the Ca,
refused to recognise it.
I then went betore the Ship
ZSTwta's IhMpto «pioita«on °f a steady job.   Incidentally, it might be pointed out that a T7',!smBLE «*"»>■■•■*• ! **<>'* *" "° <""» "«8,n w our ml,dst'      -  -.
He Dutch don'l help us keep steady job is not the be all and end all of Labor's aspirations, J J"1"* "c17redf ,rom rour *%? ^TLVT'TJno InZ Maa'er *"* Btated my CaM t0 i
 , ,.^__ .. „„. ,   .    ' : .       ...        ._._... T           . .  _    .    , of Wales by falling from a horse. .Unfortunately the gods who control He asked wh„ther I had recelvd
■nl times here.much.             -■ but that IS not: the point With Which we Wish to deal. the destlnleB 0( turobllng states decreed that it was your, arm that wrltten dlMharge ,rom Dl.*,Cl|
A*d U. s. wages is oo low we just          -p*^ Qrientals were brought into this country for a pur- Bhould be cracked instead ot your collar bone—or your neck. (tl,e marine doctor at New*
____■- ZrwaMwe^re'eald^annot P°-«-    They <->«■• not come here Without an invitation.    The I a»>° note «*at 8-n<-c W •*"•"<•* *** Vancouver, In your capacity as minster), and as I had not recej
-we ™w«w ive are pan uan«                       «         ....         . ,            j__./.t»i.          _j O.B.U. organizer, vou have sent a report to the O.B.U. Bulletin, wherein im. he tried to ret In touch f
My. back the things we've made. sawmill owners desired cheap labor, and the C.P.R. wanted a "■    , . B .„.   ' *    . ,.„,„,„, ..„,_„ .. ..„„., „,„,.„, m   'h___ -, lm"   e ,      ~ gw °    ".
i. , _      _   _   _ .    „.        . ....... ....      you state: "The Loggers Industrial Union is almost without members, and my captain at the agent's ofllcei
limes ***™f* •"* i**r**'i hard steady flow of passengers to help make their steamship line tllose who ,„„ be,ong are of a worthiess type." he was not about the place, an)
___«   htr h°M tf m°reill 1["*] paV-    Th9 Orientals were enticed here by glowing promises        "Worthless" is a relative term, depending upon what its user con- shipping Master  told  me  tof
tt-Zwa'tttnl* for ,Xt___ to toe of future wealth jUSt as Workers from Europe and the British M*»> valuable, and as people fretiuently use themselves as a yardstick b8Ck later on.
ZT_-1£Z-%Z ree to Isles were induced to come by the same propaganda.      ' «*>%" "" £*» "™r ^ '" the ute ""' R*'"nst    *»'«  «  •«»-
.____    _.__. „ ,_ ___  _■. tt    * i il    _-,*■_. j  t i        i_       _■_    that of the men you decry. weak ln  the .'legs,  and  se
Chem  what prays  and  bends the Having got the Chinese and Japanese workers here the        For over 5 long wieary years these men have fought the blacklist, ot couid not manage myself I asd
****' employers of labor began using them for the purposes for the B.C. camp owners.   They refused to be driven out of the country, or „i,ap t0 call  the  ambulance j
la fact,     see one wr tor cuss in ^.^ they were brought—to reduce Wages.    They pitted the out ot tlle -■"■"»"?•   A>< « result tbey have been kicked from pillar to was taken to St  Paul's Hosj
post.   Protracted periods of unemployment, and often Insufficient food where I was treated by Dr.
has been their lot, but they remained faithful to their principles, refusing who gave me every attention!
to yield an inch when to do so might have meant an increase ln comfort.  *ng the 11 days I was there.*
speaking ot the coming muss,
tkat the Lord will make times hard rice diet of the Orient against the meat diet of the Occident,
■ad sted of butter give us lard, and gradually forced down wages until white and yellow had
ta.se    luxuries    and    idleness been reduced to the same standard.
are bringing splrltchool  dlstresl        j ■■-■_. ■_,       _, -_.    _*■_ ■ ■*  *...,L .  . m   _,_,
much means, if it means much a- comct ls evidenced by the fact that in many saw mills the
ma, that rich folks into hell will white worker gets only from two and a half to five cents per
Ml If several million workers more hour more than the Oriental.    It is needless  to blame the ia_t, like other preachers, you had "a call."   You substituted the crlm-
ta't face a locked-up factory door. Oriental for this state of affairs.. son robes of the S.P. of C. for the yellow tinted habiliments of the S.D.P.,
J^*^'' fT to bum* """14Sy'        Having accomplished their objective the employers are an«i "1<sd -v'»"'Belf ,0 the ■■Y-"ton- whlle on *■*** »*™* «■"***• *■* v»ncou-
T. me the rich, we guys must pay. ^ quite ^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ ^^     ^ ^^ Ver your "eats" depended upon chance dimes dropped In the hat at co.lec
That this Statement is  They have proven themselves valiant fighters In Labor's cause.
What of yourself? For several years your clapper tongue worked
overtime at the street corner, telling the "stiffs" that strikes for better
conditions were "negative acts'' incapable of producing real benefit.   At
This Is not the only case
kind, as two firemen off the]
Nile were treated In the same J
Officers Elected by
I.L.P. in South
tlon time, but with the sharp tang of the northern climate came a month
ly stipend, the miners agreeing to pay you a fixed salary.
At the  regular  meeting
Shortly afterwards you had another "call." The war for democracy was Soutn Vancouver Branch of
American capitalism required prohibition, and you were offered a d«P*""'ent   -Ubor   Party,
circuit.    Immediately you discarded  the  mantle ot socialism  for the
raiment ot prohibition, and proceeded to "do your bit"—for a price.   In
BOSTON — (FP)—The 15c in- established a scale of wages and a definite standard of living
eteaae won by outside carpenters in for those employed as saw mill laborers, and they have a sup-
Baton brings their rate to $1.25 erabundance of white labor ready and willing to accept the
par hour; tbe shop and mlllmen's   .__...        .,
Me raise giving them $1.10 an hour starvation wages they offer.
mil April 1, 1927, trom when they Not only are the saw mill owners willing to dispense with your new field  of endeavor you conveniently forgot the numerous
wm get $1.12%.   About 10,000 un- Oriental labor, but they are anxious to do SO.   The Chinaman "schooners" you had sunk while slaking your thirst after an arduous
■tt men are affected. refuses to be speeded up to the extent that the white workers (ew h01"'s of t0"-?ue wagK|n« °" Cordova 3tr<""-
  • , . . ,     ... . .  . , . When prohibition ceased being a burning question, and you were
■bmtonnb, n. J.-(FP)-a walk. are c,m?n' and w,th every ™provement in machinery comes decorated wlth the order 0( the boot you onc_ mor. attlre. J^,. ln
•at of 150 boys between 16 and 18 an additional need to speed up the human element in the pro- carmine raiment, but tho miners preferred beer to your company, bo
years  old demanding a.wage  iu- duct.ye process,   What the employers now desire is to get rid minus a salary and a "call" you drifted across to Alaska, where you
•nase from 32 to 36can hour closed 0fOriental ..workers, but to retain the Oriental wage.   They tangIed norns wilh Uncle a'm' ***•*• ***nieA in the "•'*•*■" n ,    ,    ,   „   „    ,     ,,
me ease and ce\ department ol the       * .   .    _„_^i,.„ «»_,«_,_,. «i __**;_,,-_.__,*., t„* ..,_, <«™ui ,.,„„„        uI,on 5'0ur release a group ot workers paid your fare to Vancouver,   D<"eKatM **° '"e Greater   Vai
Kaadard Oil Co., of New Jersey want to P^chase Occidental efficiency for the Oriental wage and once more yon began talking_at „ _er 8ermoI1   ut(r w-     a Jo> ver Central Council ot the Cam
scale; they want the brawn of northern Europe for the food on the B. c. Federationist, which was about the only work you ever did "   '     "      "
March  10th,  In  the | Hortlculi
Hall, the election of officers foq
year 1926 took place, wtth th
lowing results:
President,   Alfred   Hurry;
president, A. J. Turner, Secreti
treasurer, H. W. Speed; AudlT
Dave Rees and M. Gal way;
tive, Alfred Hurry, A. J. Turne|
W. Speed, M. Oalway and W. I
Union Directory
ration of Canton.
The Five Day Week Outrage
CO*-—Meete wM Hoatajr la tbt
memos.     PreaMeat,   1.   B.   Wkltei
■ainta-r, H. H. Neeludi, P.O. Box
S_ . 1'**   perturbed.   With ears attuned to the click of the cash
-UK-CRY SALESMEN,  LOCAL  Wl— .   ,        ., . . .     , ,. ,_,_,,        ,,      ,
..meat*  .tent   Tk.r.s.,   everr register they have heard of another plot to delay the long ex-
in Canada. Then came another "call," this time to the British Isles,
, where you did signal service by decorating the grave of Marx with a
copy of the "Western Clarion." The less said about "moral turpitude"
during your stay in Britain the better, but do you remember about cer-
Labor Party, Alex MacDonald 1
W. Wybourne.    Delegate to IJ
Executive, M. Llvsey.   Social
mittee, Mrs. H. W. Speed, Mrs. 1
Enman, Mrs. A. MacDonald i
MEMBERS of the Vancouver Board of Trade are seriously draw an income? i have the "evidence.
nrt,n_   in   _,«_!.....,       *•„.._.,   ,.	
tain contracts you loft behind in Vancouver, from which you expected to *• s*e*a-
rtk ■■  Holden  BalMlas.    Pml-
While In England you found lt expedient to be a "communist," a
red roaring Bolshevik, but that didn't last long—there were no emoluments attached to communism.   Circumstances demanded that you leave
The nieeting was well atteri
All "Local Labor RepresentatlJ
were present.
Comrades WIH. Cottrell, and .
•ami, j. Briirhtwelli aiaMtal 'ae_\- pected visit of Old Man Prosperity, and like good citizens, bub- the country, so once again you departed from the "tight little Isle" for Mai-Donald reported  on Munh
tmr. M. A, Bawt-w, ni tots, Ave. E. bl.      oyer wjth patriotism to the do)lar sign   they are fi)led the "great open spaces."   Upon arrival here you deemed another change Counc" sffalrs t0 date' wn*lBf
y!JS-m-&iE£ with righteous wrath.   Why shouldn't they?   Isn't this their t^t^ »7T\ Z y°" ?Tt\ ' tradUC°r °' th° SoV'et He- M^^JIIl
fe. tke momh at 145 iin.iio,. w„ •<   .        . ■ _        ,,        ,.,      /,   ,,.*,  ..._,',       .   ,,  .,     ....    P"*11":*   Yo" reviled the leaders of the Russian revolution, and dtscov- ened tne memDors conBlderabll
Si£Si. A™.V"*Si_''_UrrK'a!i_--: t0Wn?    TrUe* they dld "0t bUlW '** bUt theV h0ld the tltlel ered that Lenln would be -1"- "etter of a "trip across Canada.','   This regard t0 Scho01   Boar*   mat)
Trea«.i    w.' j. Serlkken*. ^■•■■n> deeds to it, and have the law and State forces to back Up their proved your undoing.   The "stiffs" would have none of your drlvol, and W' Ford clo8ed wlth a revlew °J
n1***1-*-*** In the hat becamo as scarce as teeth in a hen, so you v/ended
attests.    Meet   1st  aai  3rd  FrMaya
«W   Hustlam  »t.   E.
work of the Board of Police
Now you have another "call," this time as an O.B.U. organizer, and     A"  reporU  were  we"
Your philosophy has been treated to a new and m*mben °' tnls Brancl> !
jhkn   stneti   imatetr,7 _.'   A. "ll',-'>!" wjuihs stis    umico    iiviicBc,    jriuopBiay id gumg iu iinu ™»v >" i>»ini, aim, io you, sirikes liave now become "positive acts." Even      . ?' 'eel 'u"y 1ua""1"' t0 <
it«r w1 a,wll_.'_f.',__,l"lfil, the door slammed in his face because building trades workers tne struction of a top bunk in a logging camp savors of the class any and aU «U88-ions ■** ™*\
- ■      ~       ?     insist that they can perform sufficient work in five days to «"?£. ff°?* a «|- fa™ ™ » - «<* a °°*™**«*y ******     " a., momTe^ »r   rt-es. J
Doubtless when the lumber barons of B. C. hear your melodious     "   nicmbers   are   "Ouesteo]
note that the meetings of the I
Vancouver Branch ot tlle I.L.I
mw^t__7&_,ZVlF_t-       The cause of their agitation is not the discovery of an- your *ay acTs t,,e R°cklea, to„8,fvt1the fsr,ner
-    ,   I    r«*?l   ■ ii   •      at Ttt. — ° j fjow you |lay0  a„0t|ler _ra|] .. ,h|0 Hmo on
/.."siS sSSio ?KJar*S« other Plot to raise the tax rate by one mill, nor an additional you are back in our midst
**—.   PreaMeat, B. c. Miller, eel fifteen cents for "lizzie's" licnese.   Prosperity is going to find coat of paint, and, to you, strikes have now become "positive acts!
I  Streetl  antaitlaer,  P.  Fleteker,
I Nelaon Street.
#_r» at Roana 0, 0 aa* T, Flank
■anilaa, tes lU.ilnn. stmt w..
Taaeaavcr, B.c. Tel. Ser. MM.
Vfewtdent, Robert Tbomi Vlee-Preal*
Mat, David (illliiplti "
Wai.    Doanldaoa,
  eh,    Room    11,    Green    Block,
■nad  Streot, Victoria, B.O.    Pkoao
—Preaident. C. S. Cam»bcll| vleo-
prcaldrnt, IL Coothroi aoerotary-
SMaaarer, R. II. Noolaada. P.O. Box
m. Morla leal Saaday of oaoh
aaatk at 2 n.m. la Holden Bide., IS
■aatlnjn   St.   E,
AI, UNION, No. dl»—Pnaldent, S.
00, Maedonaldi aecretorr-treaaanr,
J. H. Campbell, P.O. Baa One. Moota
tmi Thuraday ol oack moath.
keep them eating for seven; and this just at the time When   T0|C0 reverberating along the lofty crags of the Coast Range they will
building permits are growing rapidly, and Uncle Sam's ab- shake In their shoes, and know their hour has struck.   Under your able
sentee owners are arriving in tourist cars to look over their suld"nce top bunk will smite the dust, and wages soar upward, while hel(l,°° u" thlrd Prldajr of .
investments.  Truly the situation is such that it would ba small £"!"B''f_ ^.J"'""' /"" »•«««■*» «.* broad waters of the Pacific. ^"J*"^1 ^-t  *3
...       .. , .         ....            , .,      .         j.                    wllh your nulllt-v to ■■<■>-*- Principle to meet pennies you should be able ' " * Fra8er' anT
wonder If capital flapped its Wings and flew to pastures new.    t0 convert the lumber operators to your views, but should this be im- momt"!r8 ln  **tteat« ot dUM
If the building trades workers had any real sense they possible you will not be averse to altering your view's to meet that of the place """nselves '" -!0od Btal*
should know that the right thing to do when the amount of lumber operators-especially if a "consideration" is attached to It. wUn tne Labor element "' "
work increases, is to work harder, and thus encourage work to       J'08-'™ t01° l,nvJ; ""^ »mr worlh' ** <">* *° *■** u"" niovement. v"nch0eu.v" " 'h.efn 8c0omd,en9're'r,
. . .   .    ,. .      .  , .       .. In conclusion, Charlie, permit me to ask you two Questions    Which n ' b   backward ln conlln*5 tm*\
keep growing, much in the same way as by taking the eggs would you prefer as a companion along life's highway; a man who is not Tbe"> '" "lenty of work' and
ftom a hen she will keep on laying.   That is how the Board of afraid to battle against untold odds, who will fight for his principles no t0T ""'	
Trade WOUld assist in making Prosperity's visit as enjoyable "latter what tbe consequence; or a man who consistently refuses to per- CORPORATION OF POINT
labor dlbbocatf
Witk  Wkloh   la   Incorporated
Br tko Labor Publlahln*** Co.
Bnalneaa and Editorial Offlce
BS* Holden nirts*., 10 lla.Hug. St. B.
Tko Canadian Labor Advocate la a
aoo*-ra.*tlonal     weeki***     aowapapor,
a^vtajr   uawa   of   the   tanner-labor
aaorcment In  action.
iabacrlptioa- Hat. ai Ualtcd Statea
aad foreign. OOM per reaai Canada, t* per rear, *! tor alx awathai
to aatoaa aakaarlhlaa la a kedr,
We per aioaibor par auath.
■aakor af Tha Fodoratod Praaa aad
Tko Brltlak Labor Prona
as possible.* Apparently the old man is somewhat fussy and flT "fef!|1 ""**' and »er8lBtontly continues to fasten himself, louse-
.ikes to have his whims humored.  But unfortunately the mem- ^^^Z^ZTls^ ZolZrZ^J 2
bers of the Board of Trade are not carpenters nor painters, docs not understand the Labor movement, in view of the above what do
All they can do is putter around an office and look wise.   A you thlnk the working class In Canada would consider Lestor?
few of them worked once upon a time, and what zest they put 0ne ot l** "worthless,"
into their toil! They worked ten, twelve, and fourteen hours
per day, for a wage that a mosquito would starve on, and by
dint of diligent scabbery arrived at their present state of affluence,
According to these gentlemen we have fallen upon evil
EDITOR LABOR  ADVOCATE-  ing my stay there.   On the 21st and
The   underaigned   arrived   in 22nd the doctor was at the hospital
EALED   TENDERS  addressed!
the undersigned will  be
by thc Council up to 8:00 J
on Monday, April 26th inst., for]
struct ing sewers as under:
In Alma Road area, 1 '/> miles, i
ing from 21 to 8 inches dianj
43rd Avenue, from Blenheim
Collingwood Streets and nortl
on Collingwood Street for f
Form of tender, specifications, I
full information may be obtainej
the hospital
s-_Z**TT,*m™ Bf ?"■ IT "'I1 m\8ee me on e,thlir of »9.^nZs-"tiu_w7;
Scabberv is no lomrer resarded as a ladder leading to    .      '    _ Marcl1 16t"-   ' "lero ihme two *"""•   0n the 23rd at <"■ p*»""c"» °< *■■ »um of $5.00
scaooery is no longer regataea as a laauer leaaing ro |n-ormed the Ca_ta|n that _ ,m[1 nl)0Ut 8.30 pm  tfce -octor yMM m u m_u_ti m mi.p. o{ _
wealth and fame, and workers are not only beginning to ap- bleeding piles, and was told that me and told me to go aboard my nde Mnd".
preciate relaxation from toil, but are actually starting to think that was nothing, and to take a ship   the   following  morning,    i (io)devtrScets^y o't'T't Ch'q"e
that they have a moral right to at least one day more of rest "'** drausht-   Nel" "--v i con- asked hlm why he was discharging wm bfrequircd with'ST'teni
no.   u,a»lr Hian ssjhstt Mows is alleirpd to have Described for S"              marlne doctor at hls °'- me mamA- and was told to Bettle security th,t the tenderer will, if
per week than what Moses is alleged to nave prescrmea ior ....   After e-.mlnlng me he 8ent that with the captain. I then asked up°"- «-•« -»'° * contract, and,
them several thousand years ago, when labor saving machinery me to st. Mary's Hospital, intend- why he sent me to the hospital and J'ide '°e ni"'"d *-ond for »■"
was unknown, and trees were whip-sawn instead of being cut ing, as he said, to operate on me. he replied "for Investigation." "TteToweit o'r MTtktender not
OUt  bV gang saws,  driven by hydro-electric  energy.    Small  ' was ln the ho»Pltal from the 17th That   evening   I   consulted   Dr. sarily accepted.
wonder that the country is going to the dogs when carpenters T^X£?JSZZ "^ *° "*" ^^     "  ' " "** ^
make such outrageous requests!
me advised me to go to the hospital      Municipal Hall, 5851 Wttt &
salts, and was never examined dur-   right away.    I  consented and he 1925
vard.   Vaneoiivei*.   B.C.,   April I sf\
Uy, April 22nd, 1926.
Page Three
cakamait joDflEg map       Profitless Profits
(Continued from Page One)  . .-MOW MOOQ KCSUI^
|_nemployment   figures   fOr
JtjWieek ot the new year show
■\ tremendous Increase.   The
y ot workers in receipt Of
k*trom the Trade Unions has
f-from 73,000 to 84,000; that
liat one out of every three
workers Is out of a job.
ijures'only apply to organ-
leers; the total number of
ln the whole country
tiurse, considerably higher
t. The official statistics
Available, hut the total
light probably he estlmat-
fcmothlng 'like  100,000   or
[met between the govern-
the Catholic church is
The church has cast
gage  ot battle   to   the
tlnlstratlon through the
of a Btatement by a com-
* principals   of   Catholic
5 using polntblank to per-
iment agents to inspect
ils, as required by law.
land priests strenuously
{any supervision of their
study or Inquiries into
|lon and other health pro-
l: their institutions.
Iiousand Cuban railwayman to strike on short
>ss the Consolidated Rail-
lba puts Into effect the
signed with the unions
!fo. The railway union
irs sent out a circular to
inions on the Island ask-
sympathetlc strike it the
re not met. All the trans-
unions are behind the
|*n and an island tie-up
1 lf the strike is called.
WASHIXGTOX-(FP) — Grapevine messages from London
are bringing word thet Premier
Baldwin Is getting ready to repudiate the American w'ar debt, which
he personally'"Settled" a"few j-eaifs
ago tn negotiation with Secretary
Mellon. Propaganda opening the
way to discovery that Britain cannot pay ls said fo be now ln preparation. The British'parliament is to
he informed, this fall, that British
industries have suffered an almost
mortal wound, and that the hopes
On which the settlement pact was
based have'been swept away.
Both In London and In Washington the Idea that BrltlBh workers
are going to remain unemployed-—
millions of them—seems to be accepted With the calmness ot the
comfortable. Baldwin believes that
he and his ruling class will smash
the labor movement In May, either
through conflict or forced, sullen
surrender to wage cuts and lengthening of working hours.. And still
he does not expect to show a treasury strong enough to bear the payments to Washington that he has
promised. 'Under advice from Tory
bankers, British capital Is leaving
Britain to find Investment in cheap-
labor regions ln Asia, Africa and
Latin America. As plants at home
are shut down, the spirit of British
lator Is undermined, and broken—
tho Tories are convinced—and presently there will be a humble appeal
for the dole, rather than a growling threat of revolution.
One of the most eminent of conservative economists In Washington, analysing the situation, declares that the British debt pact,
and the stlll-unratlfled settlement
with Mussolini, as well as the one
that the French are expected to
sign this summer, were designed to
create a World-wide financial "Im-
perium." This empire of gold wlll
rivot on New York and London. Its
program is one of forcing on all
weaker nations a gold-exchange
Standard ot currency, which makes
them more readily subject to orders
from the International banking empire. None of these debtor nations
will really pay the' sums named ln
the debt settlements, because they
cannot pay. But they will become
colonies of the money-empire, and
even today their resources are rap-
Idly coming under the active control of New York and London bank-
This economist iB alarmed at the
prospective development of this
process. He sees American and
British capital flowing Into low-
wage level countries, and leaving
industriai ruin at home. He sees one
third of the population of Europe
today holding Marxian views, and
he fears that with the rlBe of the
money empire this one-third will
grow to become a majority, Then,
he fears, will come a collapse of
the whole business structure. The
disinherited, dlsaniployed, abandoned populations that have had
the high wage standards while
building the modern world will rise
and take revenge on the unwieldy,
Impersonal, dividend-hungry group
that will be the money empire of
the world. The very fundamentals
of modern society, built on private
property rights, he sees endangered
by the developments already assured. His one hope ts that Congress may increase tariff rates on
American products, as a temporary
hindrance to the flooding of the
American market with goods made
by labor that is virtually unpaid.
As though .in answer to this
prophet ot social disaster comes a
prediction' trom one of the shrewdest political guessers ln Washington that the international bankers
will finance a lowrtartff tight in the
congressional campaign this year.
His observations in Miami and New
York in recent months lead him to
believe that the big bankers are
going lo openly fight the manufacturers who control the Republican
party. He thinks they will back
business Democrats, who wlll be
pledged to revise the tariff ln some
fashion to permit collection of tho
bankers' foreign loans through foreign Imports Into this country.
Both men predict a drive to break
American wages, through the bankers' power and interest In* cheap-
labor countries.
health in offices ia Ottawa. Of
course those who came back from
overseas, who lived through thit
strenuous life, are drawing a pension, snd rightly so. But those
who lived through the stress and
strain of office work at Ottawa, and
were nlmost martyrs to the war By
the great work that they were doing here and the long hours they
were putting In, made application
for and obtained pensions. I think
the hon. member tor Rlmouakl Is
one who is In that glorified class."
Too Old for Work;
Too Young to Die
Rossney, 41, too old to secure employment in New Orleans and too
young tor the home for the aged,
was discovered hy the police living
in a culvert near the* drainage canal. In this unusual, abode police discovered 250 ml|k bottles, odd hits
ot clothing and several articles of
furniture. The culvert Ib high
enough to allow a man to stand upright snd has sufficient dry bottom
space for a mattress supported by
bricks. He Is now in Jail charged
with the crime of attempting to Uve
while looking for work.
LONDON—There is nothing like
having a good nerve In these days.
Suoh to tbat possessed bf Um
big shipbuilding firm of Swan, Hunter, Wlgham, Richardson, Ltd., for
Instance, who naively announce tkat
"contracts have had to be taken
without prolt to keop open tb*
more important of tb* Company's
Nevertheless, as the balance sheet
shows a net proflt tor tba year of
£_.-,. 68; and as a dividend of T
per cent Ux tree Is recommended,
and over (60,040 Is carried ton-Hard,
lt looks as though an occcuional
contract might hav* bees accepted
witb profit, also. '
AMSTERDAM.—The next International Trade Union Congress ol
the International Federation of
Trade Unions will be held in Paris,
August 15 to 20, 1927.
—About 1,100 miners la Wtst
Frankfort were rendered Jobless
when the New Orient mine closed
down. This mine Is sail to hold
the world's produetion record of
12,825 tons of coal ln. a single day.
SEALED TENDERS addressed to
thc undersigned will be received by the
Council up to 8 p.m. on Monday.
April 26. 1926, for the. supply of
Sixty-aix (66) pain of pantt and Two
(2) tunics for the Fire' Department.
Samples of cloth are required with
each tender, and the time of delivery
il to be stated.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
Municipal Hall, 5851 West Boulevard,
Vancouver, B.C., April 21, 1926.
Prisoners Walloped
With 15 Pound Club
orts ot All-India Trades
jigreBs shows s conslder-
ncc ln members.      The
Ilp ot the unions repre-
s risen trom 100,000 to
a year. The biggest pro-
ill has been made by the
Textile Labor Union, a
which has already a
lip ot over 6,000.
\outh Africa
Roos, the South African
\t Justice, will shortly in-
sedltlon bill  ln  parlla-
iigned to enable the gov-
to deal more effectively
ators" among the natives.
nre will be used to break
and Jail the leaders ot
[Francis Klllelea, honor-
|rer ot the British Nation-
, will bs tried for having
(5 th.ough a forged
ileutenant-Colonel Rlppon
j president ot the organ-
bill be the chief witness
Brutality, petty thieving by the
authorities and sex corruption are
among the conditions at the Louisiana state prison term known as
the Angola Farm, according to Information obtained in a roundabout
way from that Institution. About 260
men are crowded Into a single cell
room 15 by 120 feet. The hospital,
chapel and barber shop are Indescribably filthy and stinking. No
soap or towels are Issued. Blankets are dusty and never washed.
Though nourishing farm products
are raised In quantity on the premises the prisoners aas fed chiefly
grits and gravy. A fifteen-pound
club ts used on prisoners ln terrible beatings by the guards.
Women prisoners are forced to submit to sex Intercourse by guards
and foremen. Money sent to prisoners disappears In the prison
office. The only doctor Is himself
a convict. Prisoners with some
penitentiary experience declare
that the place Is the worst In the
SPRINQFIEliD, 111.—(FP) — Of
the 400 Illinois coal mines only 140
are in operation and most of these
on part time.
CLEVELAND— (FP)--The Cleveland Cractlon Company ls firing
union street car men In an offensive to prevent recognition ot ths
union ln the new franchise.
Mail Orders Receive Promt Attention
\o Make a Special Effort to Oet Ooods Out by First Mail
After Receipt of Tour Order
iter Cordova and Carrall
Vancouver, B.C.
Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
I Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
frown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
Hastings St. E„ Sey. 988-672   6(5 Granville St., Sey. 9513-1391
151 Hastings St. \V„ Seymour 1370
WA8HI_f0T0_i-(FP)—That the
copper mining Industry ls
doomed by competition from newly
developed fields of rich ore in the
Belgian Congo and In Chile, so that
American hard-rock miners will* be
left idle while hordes ot enslaved
Macks ln the Congo and Indians in
the Andes dig this metal, was the
picture painted for tlle American
public by Sen. Cameron of Arizona.
He proposed that the copper tariff
te raised in order to postpone the
evil day.
Cameron is a reactionary, big-
business politician, but he wants
the people of Arizona to re-elect
hlm this year. So he disclosed the
impending tragedy for hundreds of
thousands of American wbrkers
who are to be scrapped from thts
Industry by tiie future manoeuvres
in the world market of the American copper trust. American capital
wlll go abroad and enter the cheap-
labor fields. Having crushed most
ot the independent competition In
the United States through Importing groat amounts of copper when
there was already a surplus ln the
American market, the Morgan-Guggenheim and Rockefeller-Anacon-
dia alliance is now preparing to
create an export trust which will
prevent tho survival of any stray
competitor. Cameron did not namo
the two concerns, he simply spoke
of them as the "dual controllers ot
our foreign and domestic copper
production, who hove spent tens of
millions of dollars in tho past do-
cade ln foreign lands to secure control of copper-ore tonnages amidst
labor and economic conditions to
their liking."
What are these conditions, to the
liking of Morgan-Guggenheim and
In the vast Katanga field in the
Congo, tho ore lies near the surface, and mining lt means simply
shovelling lt Into railroad cars for
shipment to the coast, where tt is
loaded Into steamers and brought
to New York, cost 11.5 cents on the
average In 1923. The Katanga oro
reserve ls far greater in poundage
than all American copper reserves
combined. Cameron asserted to tho
Senate that 20 cents a day Is a
wage that will bring millions ot
Congo Negroes to do for the copper
magnates what their fathers did In
the Ivory and rubber trade—for
they still are slaves of the Belgians.
No safety devices wilt he necessary.
If accidents occur there will be no
claims for payment of compensation to tbe families of the blacks.
In much the same way the copper deposits ln Chile and Peru are
to be exploited.    Millions  of In
dians who have scarcely risen
above the level of the Stone Age are
there, to be recruited by military
dictators who have been approached
by the mining companies.
Cameron frankly discussed the
viewpoint of this trust, which he
said was that of the manufacturer.
It wants cheap raw copper, since it
controls the American brass, copperplate and copper-wire manufacturing industries. ' It will make
huge profits on copper production
in the foreign field where wage
costs are low and copper ore is
easily handled. It will then Import
the copper and make higher profits
on manufactured products of copper, while competing manufacturers
wlll have trouble in getting a supply ot raw) material. Domestic copper milling, leaching and smelting
Industries will die out. Industries
dependent upon them will suffer.
Executives, engineers, geologists,
along with tens of thousands ot
skilled miners, will be dropped.
"Have these dual controllers of
our copper mining Industry and
that of Chill ever evinced an interest In our western civic affairs,"
asked Cameron, bitterly, ''greater
than their demand for cheaper
wageB, lower taxes, and maximum
possible profits? How many model communities have they established, and just how keen lias been
their dosire and energy to givo employment to tho American miner?
Their history lias been one ot Intense commercialism, to secure the
maximum possible profit out of the
human as well as the ore factors
This, becauso the trust ls abandoning union labor in Arizona for
semi-slave labor in Chile and the
Congo, as it earlier abandoned organized North European labor ln
Michigan and Montana.
Every man that is a friend of Labor will further his interests by buying here.
Suits from f 14.75 to $37.50
We carry a complete line of men's furnishings; work and
dress clothing.     Our strong guarantee goes with every
Mail orders receive prompt and careful attention.,
52 Hastings St. West Vancouver, B.C.
J                    HEALTH
J Dr. W.F.E. Durrant j
t Palmer Graduate ]
, Backache,    Sprains,    Rheuma- t
J     tUm,    Stomach    and   all J
i Internal Troubles. J
' 615 Dominion Bank Building ,
J 207 Hastings St. W.   Sey. UM J
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will  Cure  Your  Rheumatism
Lumbago, Neuritis or Bad Cold
744 Hub St. ~. Pkoae Sey 8070
Hand Mad* Loners' aad
Seamen's Boots
NO. VANCOUVER   Phone 1181
Just Received—
a New Line of
Extra Special
W. B. Brummitt
SEALED   TENDERS    addressed    to
the   undersigned   will   be  receive'1
by the Council up to 8:00 p.m.
sn Monday,  April   26th    inst.,   for
Paving Dunbar Street, West side, from
29th  to 41st Avenues.
Form of tender, specifications and
full information may bc obtained on
application to the Municipal Engineer
on payment of the sum of $5.00 which
will bc returned on receipt of a bonallde tender.
A deposit by certified cheque of ten
(10) per cent, of the amount tendered
will be required with each tender as
security that thc tenderer will, if
called upon, enter into a contract, and
provide the required bond for the performance of the work.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
Municipal Hall, 9851 West Boulevard, Vancouver, B.C.. April 16th,
4-lb. cans   "QUAKER" PURE   4-lb. cans
50c RASPBERRY JAM        50c
RED SPRING SALMON— _% 2 cans for 25*
CROWWN OLIVE TOILET SOAP—3 cakea for ...17*
NICE PRUNES-2 lbs. for  17* .
BLUE RIBBON TEA—1-lb. pkts 84*
KEILLER'S   ORANGE   MARMALADE — 4-lb.   cans,
each  75*
SKIPPER SARDINES—per can ■*•• 15*
COWAN'S INSTANT COCOA—i^-lb. can  20*
Kirkham's Grocerterias
Mail Order Department— Thirty
41 Hastings St. West, Vancouver, B.C.        Grocerterias Page Four
Thursday, April 22«
With the Marine Workers
Conducted  bu W.  H.   DONALDSON, Semtary Federated  Stafarers  of
Classified Ads.
.     Pacific Bldg., 7*4*4 Hutingi St. W,	
BICYCLES mHE  SS. FAMOUS, which was Hospital Notes
: HASKINS B ELLIOTT, 800 Pender A wrecked on the Skeena River Brother Sclater Is at St. Pauls
St. W.   The best makes ol bicyelei Aprll 4thi arriTed ln port the other after having one of his fingers ta-
on easy terms.  day, and tho.crew reported that after ken off through an acoldent that
The Week at Ottawa
By J. s. Woodsworth, M.P.
F! ARE settling down now to the way of getting through with publlo
grind of government business.. business?
Proposed legislation must travel a *   *   *
very long course.   First of all tho     Then ln addition   to the public
the hills there Is the consideration of
Auctioneers aad Valu
We Specialise in House]
Before Listing give us i
M8 Richards Sb
Vsncouver, B.C.4
wnhTH   -TOGGING)  ""••"""™ ,*,         "" "" lm"UB" "a »«""■""■ ■«» principle   Is    placed    before   the hills there ls the consideration of
*VEY  58 Cordov, S, W«t   the Mt ""' ""' **?*"!' T T"? "^ "" S8' "'""^ House In a series of resolutions, the estimates, that is, the proposed
tVEY, -8 t-oraovi rst.  weir.   ..r_   for  (he   men  ,.  tak_   t0   the   sklrm,Bllel..    w, Burnett ,8 also at „„6„dltur_s   for  th_  comln* v„ar.
boats and take some supplies with the same Institution through an ac-
Then the Bill must pass through expenditures for the coming year.
three readings.   On the first read- The procedure of the House ls even
EMPIRE CAFE, 76 Hastingi St. E. them.    The men  went  ashore  at cldent thnt  happened aboard the  ing the ftlMlfle Is B„pp0aed to be less adapted to facilitate efficiency
,, CHIROPRACTOR Pm* ■*%■*■*<*><■-•• <••<""> to whore «"> tug Masset.   We intend to take a iiscamei.   Ju8t why tm •„ nece8. than In the case of legislation.   Let
' DR. D. A. McMILLAN, Palmer Grad- TeB8eI *** her imsha>)' where tney trip to the Gent-I*al t0 Be« Ge°r*5e SOry after it has been already dls- us try to visualize the scene: Two
ute.      Open daily and evenings, stayed for a period of five and a Watton, who will remain ln that fl ,    connection with the re- hundred and forty-live members dl-
635   Haitingi   Street   Wot.   cor. half days.   During that time they institution    for    some   time    yet.
Granville Street.   Phone Sey. 6954. ^j to live in a small shack, with Brother Hayes who ls an inmate ot
DENTIST no beds "to sleep In, and very little a home for the blind, Is hopeful
DR. W. J. CURRY, 301 Dominion provisions. that when he ls able to go through
The men should have been trans-   an operation  he  will  regain  his
Cordova and Carrall.
solution ls not clear to a layman, vided into two groups facing one
Then the details are supposed to nnother in long rows.    Those on
be gone Into at the time ot the sec- the back benches in the rear un-
ond* reading, but this again would able to hear what ls going on at
seem to be an unnecessary formal- the front at the upper end of the
ferred to one of the passenger ves-  sight.   We earnestly hope so too. ity a8 tbe Bill goes into committee, Chamber.   The minister in charge
sels nnd • sent to Vancouver,  but The members have been very atten- that ,__ th_ HoUBe lt8e„ resolve8 ot the department is, as it were,
the management of the "Famous"  tive to Brother Hayes, and he wlll H__If ,nt0 _ conlmlttee where the under examination, as his estimates
FLORISTS 'a8ked tne men to "stand by," and he pleased to have any member oall or(llnary ruIe8 of formal dobate are are being considered.   In front of
BkOWN BROS. B CO. LTD., 48 sfter doing so for five and a half and see him.   The home ls nt 2213 r_,axe|J and t„e member8 are sup. him sits his Deputy who ls really
Hutingi St. E.
days Were told to go aboard as the Pandora Park,
vessel was prepsring to go to Van- Mall List
couver under her own steam. H. Becket, J. Coll, E. Dobln, F.
On the day on which the mon Ec"°*   p*****y PaHacher,  T.   Gale,
Cltuing. Silvering.  Bevelling'
WESTERN GLASS CO tTD.. 158     -- -----.    -  ^7.^ , Harry Oraham, Wm. T. Hannah, B.
$%1\%-JAT 7-lt1- a'"" am. Ihefonlng J, «»»«». * Hansen, J. Mahoney, F.
iale and retail window glass.             and wben the ship reached Vancou- Merrlen, J. McQueen, W. Munro, H.    =                                                 _	
HOSPITAL                    Ter the men were paW oH at the M'"ar' D Maj'tln' A' w' °sden' B' fore the third reading is reached,    leans forward and holds a whis-
BETTER BE SAFE THAN SORRY monthly rate of *****»> "Inus the FslBle)'' H- Bhode8' c* Stephens, J. After m ttatmn ha8 pa8Bed the pered conversation with his Deputy,
 Grandview    Hospital Medical, fivo and a half days they were told starr- Commons lt has to go through more catches a few stray bits of informa-
1090 Victoria to stand by, and only half a day's or less of a similar ordeal ln the tlon, then straightens up and gives
 pay for the day they were ordered QgnHol GrOWS' SO Senate.    It is Bald that this year his reply.   Behind the Minister are
posed to be able to discuss freely the responsible official.   This Dep-
back and forth the details of the uty Is armed with stacks of mem-
varlous clauses.    After this there oranda and reports.   As he has no
is the third reading, when again place on the floor of the House he
there could be general discussion ls regarded as invisible.    When a
although as a matter of fact the question   is   asked   the   Minister,
light is considered lost or won be- about which he knows nothing, he
surgical, maternity.
Drive.    High. 137.
W. B. BRUMMITT, 18-20 Cordova     The   Shipping  Master   was   ap-
Stnet. pealed to, but the only satisfaction
that was obtained was that the sea*
p. j. . .the Senate Is In the mood to throw other    members    of   the    Cabinet
LJOeS Unemployment 0,,t almost anything that is likely anxious to see that all goes well.
——_ to ||e passed by the Commons.   If Around  them  are  scattered mem-
MEN'S SUITS tnat was ootamea was mot me seu-      BERLIN — Germony    will    soon the Bill is simply amended by the bers of the party, who In relays,
C  D BRUCE.  LTD..   Homer   and men ven aMe t0 get a m day,|i have a surplus of accumulated cap- Senate lt must come back to the support the Cabinet, and In the lob-
Hastingi Streets. pay for the day they had worked ital available for investment in for- Commons  again  for  consideration by outside are maintained the party
W  B  BRUMMITT   18-20 Cordova 1B *•<>*•"■ «*°**   countries,   said  Dr.   Schacht,  'n Its amended form.   If there Is a  reserves ready to be called In hur-
'Street. .       *-     • ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^.  position of the president of the relchsbank, In deadlock between the twto houses, a rledly If there is likely to be a vote.
 jrjrrj Captain Kerr, but think that if he en address to the German Colonial I0***- committee Is   formed   whose     On the other side of the House,
VIOLINS REPAIRED   Bows Reoair   ■* *» miserable with sea water as Society. took is to try to secure some under- the opposition members keep up a
edT Columbia records, needles, he Is with the creWs wages we are Dr. Schacht proposed that this standing. Failure on the part of running flre ot questions and com-
Gramophones repaired. Bagpipe not surprised at the accident Mean- capital should be mobilised for use tbl. l°*at committee means that the ments. Only a few are prominent
reeds and suppliei, Will Edmunds wU]e we are 8tl„ of the opinlon through the agency of chartered measure ls dropped. Could anyone In this exercise but they too have
2994. S'0"' '" ROb!°" "" Sey' tliat <■*** mea **" entltIe<1 t0 wa*ea comPanleB* t0 wnlch certaln t6rr|- D0HSlbl•' devise " more cumbersome tbelr reserves In their own lobby.
 ■  for the period they were under or- tories might he assigned, and thus ...._-.——,._■_,* 1
OPTICIAN ders Jo stand by.  aBd j,0pe.thnt Germany would resume her colonial
"ifartins West!0""  H0USE'   6'5 Captain Kerr will have better luck activities.    The directors of these
 - '.  In the future, and more consldera- companies should, he proposed, be
PAINT ANB J-PLY PANELS       tlon for the crew under his com- politically Independent of the gov-
GREGORY B REID,   117    Hastings raand ernments of the retch or the states. fpilE   business   meeting   of   the Basket Picnic
The crew of the SS. Wairuna have     Meanwhile  the  unemployed still   X  South  West  Burnaby  Branch     Preliminary   arrangements   were
TOBACCOS sent a letter thanking the union for run  0Yer M00."'0  and  industrial of  the  Independent   Labor   Party made at last inefetlng to hold a bas-
MAINLAND CIGAR  STORE,  310 ,he a8B|stance given them in having conditions are very bad.   Conflicts met on Wednesday, April 14th. ket picnic on May 24th, and Kltsll-
the matter adjusted ln connection are continually breaking out be- It was decided to hold meetings ano Beach was mentioned as a sult-
wlth a dangerous smokestack tween the J""108 and tne 8tarT|nB during the summer months on the able place. Perhaps some of the
aboard that vessel, which was car- *">t*en. first snd third Wednesdays in saeh other I.L.P. branches would like to
rylng n part cargo of gasoline. They lB Dortmund In the Rhlneland month. Wlll all comrades try and co-operate? With lunch In Ihe
state they will Inform their organ!- aMa' 8Ucl1 a battle occurred when attend these meetings as there Is freBh air, congenial conversation
satlon of the Incident when they the Dollce trlt"1 to break ^ * dem" sU" 1"lte a lot of business to at- for the elders, and sports for the
Jubilee Labor Hall Notes
Street East,
Cattail Street.
Ws have Some Good Buys In
Cash Payment As Low as tt*
P*oio Boj. :m   IW Gran. St
- Star at tko -
Hotel Stratford
The Pisco Called Home
Center GORE AVE. and
Pkoae Sey. «1_1
2(H) Elegantly Furnished
to Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate Prices
Pass this copy on to your shop-
mate and get him to subscribe to
ths Advocate. "ent,
reach Auckland, N. Z.
Compensation Board has been put
to one side by the Board's doctors,
and we are hopeful of getting a
refund of a sum of money paid to
May, 1925.
The Federated Seafarers' Union
is receiving all kinds ot letters of ~veie injured on both sides,
advice recently, and one or two
complimenting the organisation on
Its efforts in recent cases affecting
the seamen of this port.
Mrs. Jean haB sent a letter thanking the union for locating her son
who haB been missing for some
time.     Would Mr. George Goodlet
By LELAND OLDS, Industrial Editor, Federated Prrss
DO I0U eat Quaker Oats or Puffed the story about this company's ex-
Pkone Sey. IIH for Appointment
DOCTORS an now recognising Uu relationship between diseased teeth and hod health.
Every week or two seme physician sends me a patient to
have his teeth attended to, and In the majority of eases the doctor's suspicions are conSrmSd, and the health Improves wben ths
Dental needs have been supplied.
This is natural; good blood depends on good digestion, and
this ln turn depends on mastication.
DR. CURRY combines Long Experience with most Up-to-
date Methods.
Insist On Our Label
onstration of the unemployed.   The tend to.    Labor problems do not kiddles, an enjoyable time should
The case Of Harris Manos with the worker8 "toned th« Police who were end with  tho coming of summer, be had.   Do, not forget the date-
forced to give ground until rein- but should bo discussed and propa- May 24th.   We shall have more to
forcemeats    arrived.     The   police gated every day In the year. Do not say atout details later,
then  fired   blank  cartridges.    As forget we have not made tentative .Jubilee Lnbor Hall
this had no effect on the crowds a  nominations of candidates tor the Tbe    Building    Committee    I s
the" doctor"and"hospitiirat 'Inyox Charge W"3 ordl!r*--''■"•<• "is .unem- Burnaby   municipal   elections   yet. pleased to announce that construe-
when Harris wss   burned   during pIoyed BCattercd '■' •*** l")eral U8e Are we goin* t0 leave tl,e Question tlon  ot the kitchen  adjoining the
of snbsrs   and   truncheons.    This to the last minute again?  Get your hall was begun last Saturday. Work
was the fourth conflict in a ten-day candidates   nominated,   and   bring win continue . each Saturday until
period.     A   considerable   number them before the public as much as the job  is completed.    The more
possible. helpers we get tho sooner lt will be
<<<__<_<<<<__<<<a<a_a__K done.    Come along next Saturday
with your saw' and hammer, and do
your bit.
International Lnbor Ony
On Saturday, May 1st, a monster
demonstration will be held on the
occasion of tlle day known through-
 .    _                                  ,,„.._,        , „     _ out the world as Labor Day.   The
,,,..,       .,      ...                          mwtr   Tnen •""' »aM W» "loltatlon ot tne iemani tot **•***■*■ largest hall In the district the Odd-
Mrtlytak. notice ot this announce-   .„„,   of   th,   „orbllMt   ,.,„„   „.„„„. preserve,, jellies   etc    it j££ ^k^^^
which th. owner, ot th. Q«.k.f doe. not show that almost all the Avenu.        be(m                       y
Oat. Co. ,rec.lv.d on their Invest- capital used in turning out Beech- We8t „„„
m<_'                                              Nttt,P™ Uf 'r^"" no "»■ "- an annual rally In the spring, and
The 1MB profits, according to tk. TOtment^by the owner.    It wu t„|8         we ^           \ » L&
TFQXX!? Trt' """""" 5 ZT». ™,_ 1",r'8 o*" *■*■ flood speakers will
ed   to  ♦_,S0_,748,  giving common of previous year.. c_me M ^  .^^ on .^
.tockholder. a return of IU.S1 oa Beech-Nut .took dividends includ. suitable to the occasion. There wlll
each 1100 share. Thl. follow! a 500 per cent. In 19H, M0 per cent be music played by the branch or-
1024 prollt of »37.3» a .bare. But in 1822 asd 50 per cent, ia U2J. chestra, singing, refreshments, and
since 1012 the ownera hav. 1MB The original $100 lnve.ted ba. been to wind up tbe evening you will be
their stock holding, more than multiplied about forty-live time, able to dance to your heart's con-
doubled by .took dividend..   Con*, and   the   present   return   mean, tent
.equently last year's profits really .omethlng like 1,800 per cent, on invitations are being sent out to
means a return of f 81 on each (100 the money originally put Into the a8 many Mmia a8 po88lbl(!p but
actually put  ln  by tho   owner., kn»ln... by the owner.. should you bs overlooked come just
while the 1924 prollt meant a r»-     In addition to the stock dividend"' the same.   We want a full hall on
turn of |77.20. Altogether 1168.20 on Beech-Nut  has   paid the  ownera this occasion, and one of the finest
1100 In two year. Is not .0 bad oash dividends to a total of 83,627 demonstrations of Ubor solidarity
»v.n for capitalists.                        on each 1100 that was invested In yet seen in the district.   Keep the
Although    Quaker    Oat.    and  1910, an average of $227 a year, evening open and bring the wife
Puffed Wheat are the beat known Here 1. another tollgate set up by along.-H.S.B.
products of this concern, it ha. capital between the farmer and the 	
found .everal other avenue, to tko consumer. WHEELING, W. Va.—(FP)-One
Guaranteed Finest Quality
consumer's pocket   It makes mac-
The  Borden  Co.   belong,   with thousand seven hundred miners of
aronl and spaghetti   Lately It has ,„,„ ^   It reprMent8 ca ,„,. the Elm Grove Coal Co. are called
absorbed the Aunt Jemima pancake ,8t  c<mt_0,   of  m  chaMjeIa   b_. on BMte ,„ 6n(orC0 the Jack8on.
flourbushies.    It make. feed, for wWohthe torme_,B(lal 1Ile    agreemellt.     Strlke8    affec,
V-.*-  „po"l_,^„.__ta.,.J!l!l_l!.   reach the consumer.   Borden re- 2,600 other miners.
ports a 1926 profit of $8,297,236.  : ^~
This means a return of $10.66 on ST.    LOUIS—(FP)—In    arrears
each $60 share of common, stock. *!"> I*'8 life Insurance premiums,
This 21.3 per cent, profit follow. °ut   of   employment   and   without
one of 20.6 per cent In-1934,* at**'und8' .WSJJiB, -HurrlspH.   of   St.
Which rate tho investor, will re- ?"r?\,A "T^i tf Mr!
. .    . Ing gas, that his wife might collect
turn of about 29 per cont. on the  celTa  ',ack ln Prodis their entire yi,000 Insurnnce.   He Is in the city
common stock, doe. not tell half Investment tn less than Ave years, hospital.
at Akron, Cedar Rapids, Memphis,
Teeumseh, Micbt, ' Peterborough,
Oat, and Saskatoon, as well as
fifty-nine elevators to wblch farmers deliver tbeir grain.
; Beech-Nut Packing Company's
$2,099,243 prollt described a. a.TO*
No Drugs Used in Exa
THIS advertisement mel
grade glasses, withj
ough and advances'
amination by a graduate
You will find tbat wl
most value for the leal
and we stand back off
turned out.
// your eyes ache,
Robson at Gra
Entrance 680 Ro
Phone Sey.
A Popular Prici
Hot and Cold Runnjl
Steam HeatI
Newly  Decoral
New Fixture!
Dining Room in C<J
RATES! Ide Per Da]
Telephone: 24
Sey. 1492    Opp. Vnlaj
Big reductions, splendl
Regular Prices HiM I
$15.00 to $3
Cor. Homer and Has]
■— for -
Quick Service for
— All Work Guaranl
Special attention to ma|
H. Har
Est. ln Vancouver Iij
(8   CORDOVA    STR_>
Late 64th Batt'and 72J
When travelling in\
busy, season, it i, I
to telephone ahead. |
reservations.   -'"■
B.C. Telephone CoJ


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