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The Canadian Labor Advocate Feb 5, 1926

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Array THE CAMA0IAM
ABOR
With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
lteenth Year.   No. 5
A**
VANCOUVER,   B.   C,   FRIDAY,   FEBRUARY   5,   1926   ,    a*\ K   Eight Pages,
-V
5c A COPY
id Burns Gets Two Year *ierm In Jail
ight to Picket in Danger
*****
******
«*««*«
******
ore Funds Are Urgently Needed
(_*GARY.—Two years in the
"rince Albert penitentiary was
sentence meted out to Lewis
onad, better known in work-
class circles as "Kid Burns,"
Justice   McCarthy,   the   trial
ie charge, which arose out of
coal miners strike at Drum,-
Br last summer, was "watch-
*and besetting," and "assault
. Intent to do grlevious bodily
rt" Burns was denied a jury
on the grounds that a certain
Iquated law, dating back prior
confederation,   stipulated   that
ult  cases  in the  North West
•ltories  should  be  tried  by a
;e only.    Cecil Terris, a youth
19   years,   who   was   charged
g with Burns, was given a sen-
e of   six months in the Leth-
ge jail.    An appeal  is being
red ln both cases,
fter the judge pronounced sen-
e Burns told the court that:
tave taken the trial and as far
fou are yourself concerned I
getting exactly what I expected
i a capitalistic court." When
judge  stated  that under the
•inctal act the law did not pro-
for, a jury  trial,  Burns reed:    "That is the British jus-
we have been told so much
lit.   When a worker stands out
lhe interests of his class that
Jl he can expect."
timber     Renners,     the     boy
was    shot    In    the    back
Ing   the  strike   by   provincial
be,  was  also  found  guilty  of
(tchlng and besetting" and was
$25.     The   latter   case   in-
pes   the   right  to   picket,   and
Vidlng  funds  can  be  secured,
probably  be  carried  to  the
reme Court of Canada,
leantime   funds   are   urgently
fSed to carry on the fight on
alf  of these  men,  as well  as
other cases yet to be  tried.
Crows Nest Miners have had
fevere -period of unemployment
By, and in addition have had to
it several strikes in an effort
prevent their wages from being
to the bone.    The men who
have been jailed were among the
most active fighters in the district,
and the bosses are hopeful that
with them out of the way they
will be able to slash the miners
wages still further.
Fujids in aid of these men are
being raised by the Canadian Labor Defense League. That organization haB done nobly in this case,
but much more is needed.
The rifht arm of Labor is a
strong press. Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
Woodsworth Raps Meighen
******
******
******
******
Echoes of Winnipeg General Strike
0a
ITTAWA.—The efforts of Mr.
Meighen to pose as a champion of the Nova Scotia miners
was somewhat badly shattered by
the two Labor members of the
House (Woodsworth and Heaps)
when the starving condition of the
miners was discussed in parliament recently.
Speaking  on  how  the  Liberals
sent   troops  into  Nova  Scotia  to
quell  the   strike  there   last  year,
and   the   efforts   of   Meighen   to
make capital of it Mr. Heaps said
AED. ANGUS McINNES he   had   not   forgotten   how   he
Labor  Alderman for  Ward  7  who has   (Meighen)   had   sent   troops   into
been    instrumental    in    bringing   about __.     , ,,__,. -   , .,
tho present water pipe enquiry        Winnipeg in 1919, and how these
Labor Alderman Disturbs Equanimity
Of Civic Officials by Pipe Enquiry
"yANCOUVER'S Labor alderman
(Aid. Mclnnis) has created a
stir in civic circles during the past
week by the enquiry which he has
been instrumental ln bringing
about, as to the condition of certain water pipes purchased by the
City of Vancouver from the Vancouver Engineering Works.
Alderman Mclnnis filed with the
City Council replies he had received from the pipe inspectors,
to questions he had submitted then
asking about the condition of the
pipe. One inspector stated that
in his opinion the pipe was up to
PAINTERS  MAY  EXPEL REDS
SEATTLE— (FP)—W. H. Jones,
business agent and M. Hansen,
vice-president of the Seattle painters' union will be placed on trial
as members of the Workers Party
of America, a Communist organization, and as such not ellgble
to hold membership in the Brotherhood of Painters. Some months
ago Hansen was unseated as delegate to the Central Labor Council on this ground. His local immediately re-elected him but he
was denied a seat.
ilberta Miners Need Your Aid
^MMUNICATIONS reaching the offlce of the LABOR ADVOCATE
J indicate that funds are urgently needed to nssist thc Drumheller
|ers who are on trial as a result of their activities during the Rtriko
summer. Several of these working class fighters have already
tried, and a number of them have heen found guilty and sen-
i to jail. Other cases have yet to oome up.
I Notable among those who have been sentenced is Kid Burns, who
[-been sent.to the Prince Albert penitentiary for two years. This
king class stalwart Is married and has several children depending
jitm. prior to the strike he had been actively discriminated against,
had been refused work ln the mines because of hts Labor
Itics. Another is that of Lambert Renners, who although shot
Ihe baek by the police was found guilty and sentenced to a fine
Vas. This last case carries with it the right of picketing during a
ke, and can not be allowed to be let pass. The sentence is a
jiaco at every organized worker ln this country.
Appeals are being entered on behalf of these men, and money
urgently needed.    Some 97000 ls required to carry on the fight.
fa fight of the miners ls the fight of the entire Labor movement) of
i country.
To assist ln this work the LABOR ADVOCATE is opening a fund
these cases, and we appeal to all readers of our paper who are
fa financial position to contribute to do so. Do the best you possibly
No amount is too large, none too small. Address nil communi-
[ilons, and make all remittances payable to: THE CANADIAN
M* ADVOCATE, 1120 Howe Street, Vancouver, B. C.
specifications,    while    the    other
answered the opposite.
To the observer attending the
enquiry the most notable feature
appears to'be the efforts of Mr.
McCrossan, corporation counsel, to
act as prosecuting attorney for the
city engineer. In fact the entire
City Hall hierarchy appears to be
defending pipe. Such at least is
the impression created on the outside observer.
Mr. McFarlane, junior pipe inspector, told the Council that in
his opinion the manufacture of the
pipe was defective in several particulars. In certain cases six out
of ten holes In the scarfing of the
pipes did not match; some rivets
were not concentric; caulking had
been done under pressure tests;
he had observed some rust on
pipes and an acid solution had
not been applied to remove this;
and that the first 4,800 feet of
pipe was defective when sent out
into the field.
Early in the enquiry an effort
was made by Mr. Griffin, counsel
for the contractor on pipe construction, to make the witness, McFarlane, name the men in tho
shops who had criticized thc pipe.
This the witness refused to do.
pointing out . that it would be
breaking faith with the men. When
one keeps in mind the notorious
open-shop firm making the pipe,
one can imagine what would happen to those workmen who dared
to  criticize   it,   that   is   providing
the  company could  get to  know
their names.
Present indications are that the
matter will get an ample coat of
whitewash, but the ratepayers of
Vancouver, who are the real purchasers of the pipe, can rest assured that no enquiry would have
been held, and nothing would have
been heard of defective pipe if it
had not been for the activities of
the Labor alderman. It Is solely
through his efforts that this matter has been brought to public attention. (
Vetoes Old Age Pension
OLYMPIA, Wash.—(FP)—Gov.
Hartley, wealthy lumberman has
vetoed the Washington old age
pension bill and the bill for a
woman's industrial home and clinic for scientific attenton to delinquent and diseased women offenders.
SEATTLE — (FP)—More than
25,000 workers are out of jobs by
reason of the closing down of lumber camps In the Puget Sound section, according to the U. S. department of labor.
troops' had shot down men, women and children on the streets.
This was too much for Meighen,
and when his turn came to speak
he made the assertion that "no
request was made to send outside
troops into Winnipeg, and that
the government, as regards troops
from outside in relation to that
disturbance, took no action whatsoever."
Mr. Woodsworth: "M&y I ask
under whose authority did the
troops act?"
Mr. Meighen: "We are speaking
of sending troops in. That was
the assertion of the colleague of
my hon. friend."
Mr. Woodsworth: "May I ask
again under whose authority did
the troops act, and under whose
authority did the Mounted Police
act?"
Mr. Meighen: "I will come to
that In a moment. . . . There were
troops in Winnipeg at that time;
there were some troops in the garrison battalion .... there were
also some few at the depot squadron of the Port Garry Horse. But
because of the disturbance at that
time there was a force of approximately 3,000 voluntarily enlisted citizens in that city."
Mr. Woodsworth: "May I ask
under whose direction that voluntary force was mobollzed?"
Mr. Meighen: "There was no
mobolization. They enlisted voluntarily for the protection of their
own city."
Mr. Woodsworth: "May I ask
my right hon. friend if he will deny that they enlisted under the ur
gent solicitation of officers directly responsible to, this government?"
Mr. Meighen: "I do not know
on whose solicitation they enlisted. .. . "
Dealing with the same question
in his speech Mr. Woodsworth
said:
"It may be true that no troops
were   taken   into   Winnipeg   from
outside,    although   a   very   large
number  of  troops  were  there;   it
(Continued on Page 6)
Highlights on This
Week's News
CANADIAN
Kid   Burns   Jailed  I
Woodsworth Baps Meighen  1
Lahor Alderman Causes   Stir _  1
AMERICAN
Textile   Workers   On   Strike  2
Fiendish Atrocities in North Carolina  2
This   Year's    Swag...-  4
BRITISH
Tory  Rule  In  Britain  7
Canadian   Conditions   Aired  7
Sailors'   Wives  Discuss   Striko  7
FOREIGN
Jap Farmers  and Workers  Unite  2
Indian  Mothers Drug Babies _... 8
Class   Justice   in   Germany -  8
C. L. P. Razzes King Government
LAST meeting of thc Greater Vancouver Centrnl Council of the
Canadian Lnbor Party decided lo givo the Immigrntion
schemes of thc Liberal government a little publicity In a direction
other thnn thnt desired hy the railway companies and political heelers
In Ottawa. The meeting endorsed the following resolution, whieh was
sponsored by the Communist delegates:
Whereas: In overy province In Canada there nro today thousands
of wage workers unable to secure employment, whilst in the farming
provinces thousands of farmers arc helng forced to abandon their
farms and seek employment In the cities because of crop failures
and mortgage indebtedness, ns ls evidenced hy the fact that in 1025,
in the Province of Alberta, seven million acres of farm lands, or onc
and one-half million acres more thnn the total area under cultivation
ln that province that year, wero sold at tax sales; and
Whereas: Canadian government nnd railway agents nve carrying
on nn intensive campaign In Great Britain for more immigrants to
Canndn, deluding British workers with misleading propaganda; and
are even going to the extent of conducting correspondence courses
from London on how to farm on thc Canadian prniries; therefore he It
Resolved: That, this meeting of the Greater Vancouver Central
CouncU of tho Canadian Labor Party condemns the action of the
Canadian government, and demands that this campaign cense Im.
mediately; and bc it further
Resolved: That a copy of this resolution he forwarded to Premier King; the two Labor mouthers In the Federal parliament; the
"Daily Herald," London, Englund; thc "Sundny Worker," London,
England; nnd the "Forward," Glasgow, Scotland. Page Two
W^W)
TEE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, February 5, ll
Building Trades to Dr. W. J. Curry Lectures
Seek Five-Day Week On Russia Today
Five Thousand Textile Workers    CLASSIFIED A
Battle For Increase In Wages
(By   ART   SHIELDS,   Federated Press)
The Vancouver building trades
intend that the. building contractors shall not have all the plums
of Industry to themselves this
summer. It was reported at last
meeting of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council that efforts
will be made by the building
trades to secure a five day week.
The.Carpenters' Union has voted
unanimously in favor of it, and a
referendum is being taken of all
members affiliated to the Carpenters' Distrct Councl. The Bricklayers have had a five day week
for some considerable timet. A
total of some 4,000 men are involved.
The electrical Workers and the
Machinists reported having, sent
donations to assist the anthracite
strikers.
The Painters reported that they
were looking forward to a busy
season, and that an organization
campaign was underway, also that
a whist drive and dance would be
held in the Cotillion Hall on February 18th.
The Musicians Union reported
having trouble with the Empress
Theatre on account of the management reducing the number of
stage hands stipulated in the
agreement.
The Council decided in favor of
amalgamating the Labor Statesman and the Labor Advocate, and
arrangements towards this end
will be proceeded with at an early
date.
Dr. W. J. Curry Is conducting a
series of lectures on Russia Today, using as a text book the report of the British Trade Union
delegation. These lectures are being held at 666 Homer Street,
each Tuesday evening at 8 p.m,
A generous' portion of each
meeting is devoted to a general
discussion, and replies to questions. Lantern illustrations on the
screen, and the singing of Labor
and popular songs are a feature ofl
each meeting.
W. W. Lefeaux at the
Royal on Sunday Next
"Right and Left Wings" is the
subject on which W. W. Lefeaux
will speak at the C. L. P. Open
Forum In the Royal Theatre on
Sunday night next. The meeting
commences at 8 p.m., doors open
at 7:30. _
The subject is a large one, and
one which affords numerous opportunities for a come back by
both "wings," providing their legs
will carry them on the platform.
This meeting should prove very
Interesting.
CLEVELAND — (FP) — Sixty-
thousand Americans died in 1925
of starvation, Edward M. East of
Harvard told a shocked audience
of sleek Cleveland business women. He advised birth control
to raise the material level of the
American people.
DASSAIC, N.J.—Botany Woolen
Mills that rises like a prison
over many acres of this Jersey
town is shut down by a strike of
more than five thousand workers
for the restoration of the 10-percent, wage cut of last sumfrner
and the reinstatement of a discharged committeeman. This is
the biggest of the manjr revolts
that have occurred in the textile
industry since the general wage
deflations of the last year and
the enthusiasm the strikers are
showing augers well for its staying power.
"We won't go to work no more,
We won't go to work no more,
Until we get our ten-per-cent.
We won't go to work no more." __
sang the strikers as they marched
in a half-mile-long parade round
and round the Phoenix mill, a
branch of the Botany interest-
that had not yet come out. Girls
of flapper age, blowing horns,
were there by the hundreds, and
they encircled the mill about and
about like the marchers of old
blowing horns about the walls of
Jericho. And as Jericho fell so
did the Phoenix, the workers
pouring out on strike, seven hundred more recruits.
There were Americans, Hungarians, Bohemians, Poles, Slavonians, Italians, Russians—so a
reporter thought till  he  asked  a
young Czech what nationalities
were there:
"None," was the answer; "No
nationalities, we are all workers."
Keen young men are running
the strike committee. Gustav Daek
representatives of the finishers,
says Colonel Charles Johnson, vice
president of the corporation, trie,}
to bribe him to desert his fellows.
The bait was a long-term contract
Job at $100 a week in the finishing room of the American Woolen
Co.  in Lawrence,  Mass.
The Colonel's offer indicated a
close understanding between the
Botany and the Woolen "Trust"
interests, though the Passaic manufacturers have always denied the
link. The offer, says Daek, came
several days before the strike.
Johnson called him to the offlce
and there, with two other executives, gave him an hour and a
half selling talk to butter his
bread at the expense of his fellows. The argument ran like this,
says Daek: "Those fellows axe a
lot of foreigners' and you'll get
nothing with them. Stay with the
company. We are the real friends
of the workers. We love them.
We are their fathers and mothers
If we cut wages it is for their
sake, to get more work for them
.... All this led up to the suggestion that the committeeman
take the Lawrence job, filling In
the length of time for which he
wanted the  contract to  run."
Fiendish Atrocities Inflicted
Upon North Carolina Convicts
(By   ART    SHIELDS,    Federated   Press)
jyEW   YORK—(FP)—The   mo3t fusal to work, or other infraction
sensational story of brutality of tlio rules  laid down  by  such
to convict workers yet told in IS26 superintendent for  the  governing
comes from North Carolina where of  tho chain  gang,  by  whipping
Supt. N. C. Cranford of the Stanley such prisoner or prisoners with a
County Convict system, in charge single ply strap, striking him not
of prison labor on the roads, has more  than  twenty licks,   ln  such
been  Indicted  for the  murder  of manner  as not  to  inflict  serious
two Negro prisoners. Such meager damage on the body of the pris-
attention was given this in the cap- oner or  prisoners.    "This  order,"
italist   press   that   the   Federated says  the  investigating  committee,
Press  obtained  the  official  report "was   made   In   compliance   with
of the North Carolina state board Chapter   330,   Public-Local   Laws
of charities investigating commit- 1923."
Boss Ditches Company    Japanese Farmer and
Union That Hesitated City Workers Unite
tee on whose evidence the indictments were  based.
G.   D.   Troutman,   chairman   of
the road commission, told an In-
The report shows such horrible vestigator of the Charities Board
conditions that the assertion is that he was satisfied as long as
safe that part at least of the hard the men received the same, treat-
surface highway system North -ment as the mules. Both he and
Carolina motor clubs boast of was County Attorney W. E. Smith
built with blood. said  "the  only way to appeal to
The  two  Negroes  were   beateh A nigger ls through his hide."
with   a   hickory   stick   and   the Convict     laborers    are     either
stick    was
throats    of
Subscribe to the Advocate.
Refuses to Murder
and Gets Arrested
rammed down the worked directly under county su-
each till the blood pervlsion or farmed out to road
came, their deaths occurring soon contractors. The contractors get
after. county  prisoners  for  as  little as
Another   Negro   done   to   death  50°    a    day-depending    on    the
is Henry Wooten, who was drag-  Prlce fixe« ** the commissioners,
ged by his chains behind a truck,  s'ate   Prisoners,   at   last   reports,
then stoned by the boss and flog-  fetcn *2 a day-
ged  almost  daily  till  he  died  in
several   weeks.     The   skin    over
ankles,    legs   and    buttock    were
burst with flogging.    These murders were incidents in a series of
hundreds  of  beatings,  the  report
shows.      Affidavits   tell   of   men	
strung up by the wrists, of a Ne- gT. LOUIS—(FP)—"After what
gro hung by the heels over joists i endured and learned 'over there,'
for two hours; of Cranford stick- j wouldn't wear the uniform
ing his knife Into men's sides and again. What fools men are to
over their eyes and of innumer- kill people for money." This was
able beatings. Victor Saff, 30, a laborer, conver-
North Carolina laws expressing- sing with a St. Louis army rely authorize the lashing of road cruiting officer. He was promptly
gang prisoners. Thus that com- haled before Police Judge Roscan,
monwealth must bear Its share where he was compelled to kiss
of the responsibility. the American flag. The St. Louis
The convict superintendent was" Post-Dispatch remarks, "It Is dif-
glven written authorization by the ficult to imagine what would have
Stanley county road commission- happend to this 'dangerous* la-
ers to apply "reasonable corpor- borer had he been caught reading
al punishing for disobedience, re- article 1 t>f the bill of rights!"
(BY   ART   SHIELDS)
NEW YORK—(FP)—A company union that failed because it
did not cut wages deeply enough
to suit the boss! It took the
worker's shirt but the boss wanted his skin too. It happened in
the south where even company
unionism was not conservative
enough  for  the  employer.
The story Is laid In the fifteen
of the biggest stocking concern
in the country, the Durham Hosiery Co. at Durham, N.C. The tale
of the rise and fall of the Durham "plan of co-operation" is told
in the Story of Durham, a $3
clothbound book, financed by the
Durham chamber of commerce
and published from the press of
Duke university, the institution
that got the $40,000,000 endowment of Tobacco Duke last year.
This company union was for
whites only. The plants having
Negro workers were left out. It
started in 1919 and died in 1921..
In 1921 the management asked
for a big wage reduction. The
union agreed to 25 per cent. And
here the company union fell. The
management ordered a 42 per
cent, cut, over the company's head
and the plan of co-operation collapsed,
The rest of the story ls given—
not in the book—by the American Federation of Full Fashioned
Hosiery Workers, affiliated with
the United Textile Workers' Union. In 1921, the union says, only small reductions were made by
the northern mills and the latter
were still paying twice what the
Durham firm paid before the cut.
Finally the Durham workers saw
the need of a real union, and last
summer the Marvin Carr plant
of Durham Hosiery, its biggest
plant where full fashioned hosiery
is made, was shut down by a
strike for union recognition. The
workers had been averaging only
$20 a week and they were amazed
at union strike relief of $16 a
week. The strike was won but
the company violated its agreement and another strike Is now in
effect.
Send in your subscription today.
NBW YORK—(FP)—The labor
demands of the Farmer-Labor
Party of Japan—organized December 1, at a convention of thirty-
four labor organizations—give an
idea of the rights the Japanese
workers have not got.- Lewis Gannett, writing from Osaka for The
Nation, tells of the birth of the
movement and its platform. The
Peasant's union was the leading
affiliated body and others were
the stewards, the pottery workers,
the mechanics, the miners, the Tokio streetcar workers and government workers and others.
The right to organize and strike
heads the labor planks. Others include the right to collective bargaining, tho 44-hour week and 8-
hour day; the 6-hour day with 33
hours weekly for miners and the
6-hour day with 30 hours for
workers under 18; abolition of
night work and underground work
for b„oys under 16 and for women;
a minimum wage law; equal pay
regardless of sex, race or age for
similar work; abolition of contract
labor; the apprentice system;
health and accident insurance;
state subsidies for unemployed;
control of employment agencies by
labor unions; revision of factory,
mine and seamen's laws.
Unrestricted suffrage for al)
over 20—mon and women—Is demanded; a , share in farm management for tenant farmers; state
support of aged and pregnant women; abolition of anti-labor education in primary schools and extension of free primary education
is  called for.
These demands did not suit the
Japanese government. Dissolution of the party was ordered,
three hours after, its birth. Police
had already searched every ope
entering the convention* hall and
200 policemen attended the sessions. The demands of the party
—as incorporated ln the platform
--■had been greatly modified before final adoption but this did
not halt government opposition.
The Japanese Federation of Labor,
following a right and left wing
split, did not officially endorse the
new party, unions taking such action directly,
BARRISTERS
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401
polltan Bldg.'
BATHS
Vancouver Turkish <* Baths, P|
Bldg., 744 Halting* St W.
BICYCLES
BASKINS   A   ELLIOTT,   100
Strut W. Th* brat maku tf V_
on easy termi.
BOOTS AND SHOES
Arthur Frith & Co., 2813 Maif
BOOTS  (LOGGING)
H. Harvey, 68 Cordova St.
C-\FE
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastings St.j
chiropractor
Db. d. a. hcmillan, pa
Graduate. Open daily and ev
683 Hastings Street West, eor.
ville  Street.    Phone  Sey.  6954.
DENTIST
Dr. W. J.  Curry,  S01  Domlij
Bldg.	
DRUGS
Red Star Drug Store, Cor.
dova and Carrall.
FLORISTS
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 41
tings St E.
GLASS
glazing, silvering, bevelll
western gla88 oo. ltd.,
Cordova St. W., few doom wei'
Woodward's.   Sey. 8687.   Wholesale,
retail window glass.
HOSPITAL
BETTER BE SAFE THAN SOBRl
Grandvlew Hoipltal—Medical, id
teal, maternity. 1090 Victoria Db
High. MT.
MEN'S FURNISHINGS
W.  B.  Brummitt,   18-20  Cord!
Street.
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main.
MEN'S SUITS
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and .
Ings Streets.
W-   B.   Brummitt,   18-20  Cord|
Street. 	
MUSIC
XriOLINS ADJUSTED, VOICED, _.
V paired, by expert. Will Idanj
965 Robson  St.    Sey.  20(4.
OPTICIAN
Pitman Optical House,  615
Ings West.
PAINT AND 8-PLY PANEL*
Gregory   &   Reid,   117   Hasty
Street East.
TOBACCOS
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carf
Street.
FOR SALE
CITY OP VANCOUVER
Tenders for Fire Equipme
TENDERS WILL BE RECEIVED nd
12   o'clock   Tuesday,   February
for the  purchase   of   three   horae-dn
Waterouse-fire engines and other eg;
ment,   which   can   le   examined   byl
plying   at  my   of/Ice.     Tender  for
whole or any part thereof can be
mitted.    Terms  cash,
JAMES STUART,
Purchasing Agen
City of Vancouver, February 8, """
NONE BUT WHITE HE]
EMPLOYED
AND       '■
\WOODi
NONE  BUT  WHITE HEI
.      EMPLOYED lay, February 5, 1926
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
*wzm
Page Three
- - POLITICS - -
\&c Peace Meet to
Lssemble at Honolulu
W.  FRANCIS AHERN)
iLBOURNE,   Australia.—
-Steps are  being taken  by
federal Executive of the Aus-
[n Labor Party to convene a
pacific Conference, to be held
pnolulu in the third week in
|mber,   1926.     The  object   of
Conference   is  to  promote   a
understanding   among   the
bordering on- the Pacific,
|cting Its future peace.
general   secretary   of   the
htive  (Mr.  D.  McNamara)   is
[sending out invitations to all
rnized industrial organizations
ke countries bordering on the
flic, as well as other organiza-
interested   in   the   question
eace, asking them to appoint
gates,  also  to  submit propos-
Lo  be placed  on the  agenda
kiscussion.    It is expected that
esentatlves will  be appointed
the  industrial  organizations
Ithe    United    States,    Canda,
[a,    J%pan,    India,    Honolulu
other     countries     adjacent
pto. Among other bodies from
lt is proposed to send dele-
Is  the   institute   of  Pacific
|ions,   which   held   a   similar
erence in the middle of 1925;
Peru Sends Thousands
To Vote in Plebiscite
--INDUSTRY--
Indian Mothers Drug       Class Justice Felt
Babies to Get to Work        By German Workers
ARICA, Chile,—A rather unusual feature, to say the least, of
the plebiscite to be held in the
Tacna-Arica district to determine whether the region shall belong to Chile or to Peru, ls the
wholesale importation of Peruvians, said to be natives of the
territory, into the region ln order
to vote that it shall belong to
Peru.
Claude E. Guant, an American,
formerly attached to the. U. S.
consular service, has the contract
from the Peruvian government
for operating the commissariat at
great camps where Imported Peruvians are to be sheltered while
voting ln the plebiscite.
Agents of Peru have been ln
New Tork contracting for supplies
for the large camps, one of which
is expected to house a possible
6,000 voters.
RUSSIA
A conferenece of representatives
of Russia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Germany, Esthonia and
France, is being held ln Moscow,
to discuss the establishment of direct passenger and freight service
between the Atlantic and the Pacific coasts via the U. S. S. R. The
railway distance from Tokyo to
Berlin is 14,000 kilometers, and if
the plan goes' through it will be
the longest direct railway connection in the world.
[man Fascist Paper
ikes Last Appearance
J3RLIN—The German news-
|r "Volkische Kurier," which
Ithe organ of General Luden-
t, has made its last appear-
|ls paper has supported an ex-
nationalist policy, which is
jly allied to fascism, and its
re is a sign of the decline of
bndorffsf fascist-monarchist
ement.
J a last editorial the "Kurier"
Its that its extinction is only
(beginning of the collapse of
, nationalist press generally,
[to bad economic conditions
Ithe consequent rise of the
lers' parties and press.
Population Increasing
Very Rapidly in Japan
TOKYO.—Since the last census,
five years ago, the population has
(increased 764,000 annually ln
Japan proper, Including South
Saghallen and Formosa, but excluding Korea. This increase is
due to the increasing * birth rate
and not immigration, the government service announces. The total population is now 59,736,704,
according to the governemnt census. When Korea with its 18,-
000,000 ls added, it brings the
population in the Nippon empire
to 80,000,000.
In 1024, according to the official
statistics, there were 1,988,520
births ln Japan proper—one every
fifteen seconds. There were approximately 1,200,000 deaths that
year—the living gaining on the
dying by one every six minutes.
ESTHONIA
The trial of the Pernov trade
union leaders, who were arrested
in 1924, has ended with Jan Pik-
kur being sentenced to eight years,
Laas to six years, and the others
to four years at hard labor. Among
other counts, the prisoners were
accused of "anti-state" propaganda in the trade unions, and of
participation in the December insurrection.
BOMBAY, India.—At a meeting
of the Bombay Municipal corporation it was brought out that
many working women drug their
babies with opium before going
to work, so that the babes will be
quiet. The report of the medical
relief committee on this matter
was adopted, but no steps will be
taken to eradicate this evil as
the council declares that any legislation along the line of prevention "would be premature" and
would be' "resented as unnecessary
interference with a prevailing
practice that would deprive them
of the opportunity of earning
bread." No attempts are made to
see to it that the heads of the
family are able to earn enough so
that working class mothers would
not have to work and drug their
babes to keep, quiet while they
are away.
German Labor Suffers
Under Democrat Rule
ITALY
Italians living abroad who make
utterances or commit acts considered harmful to the welfare of Italy will be liable to punishment
by the mother country, it was
made clear with the announcement that the king would sign the
bill covering this subject. The senate passed the bill by a vote of 101
to 6. »,'-*       *\
BERLIN.—In the short period
from November 1 to December 5
of the past year German class
justice sentenced fifty-three workers to a total of 47 years hard labor and 28 years of prison. Apart
from that 7,000 marks in fines
were handed out. New proceedings were started against 87 revolutionary workers, most of whom
are in prison.
Accusations are raised for the
possession of prohibited literature, high treason, distribution of
seditious literature, taking away
of a facist flag, resistance against
the state power, rebellion, collection of money for the Red
Front Fighters' Union, blasphemy
(that in the 20th century!) and
infringement of the notorious law
for the protection of the republic. The worker Kokken of Neu-
kolin near Berlin ls accused of
unlawfully pretending to occupy
an official position, because he
acted in the role of- a police officer in a proletarian theatrical
performance.
SWITZERLAND
The Socialist Party pf Switzerland has emerged from the elections to the National Assembly,
which have just taken- place, with
great success. With 49 (instead)
of 43) deputies it registers the
strongest gain of all parties and
has become the second strongest
group in the National Assembly.
BERLIN.—A typical case of
German class justice is reported
from Weimar, Thuringia, A worker named Ffannstiel had been
sentenced to four weeks' imprisonment for Insulting the reichs-
wehr. In place of serving his
sentence he was permitted to pay
a fine of 200 marks. The worker
died before he could pay the fine.
The money was then demanded
from his wife who had no income
and whose only posession was
furniture her husband had left.
The police demanded this. The
wife tried to save her last bit of
property by asking to serve the
sentence* in prison. The court,
however, refused to allow that
and the property was taken away
from this working woman, on
behalf of the people!
lth African Bosses
! Enact Color Bar Bill
JPB  TOWN,   South  Africa.—
• assembly   here   passed   the
treading of the government's
bar bill by a vote of 54 to
(The government's color bar
lor the Union of South Africa
Ides     industrial     seregation,
Ithe gradual extinction of the
junentary franchise now held
tie natives.
industrial      segregation
es   would' limit  the   natives
Krtain  unskilled work in  in-
|les   and    would   not   allow
to become skilled workers,
Filipino Masons Seek
Freedom for Islands
Stay at the
)TEL STRATFORD
|The Plaoe Called Home
oner GORE AVE. and
KEEFER STREET
Phone Sey. 8121
[GIOVANDO, JOHN THA
|00 Elegantly Furnished
Rooms.
I Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate  Prices
IRST-CLASS SERVICE
MANILA.—At a mass meeting
here the Filipino members of the
lodge of masons passed a resolution ln favor of independence for
the Phlllippine Islands. The organization, it was announced, will
send a large delegation to the
United States to preach the doctrine of independence to fellow
masons.
Following the passing of the independence resolution, the American members of the masons withdrew from the meeting. The resolution, which was sponsored and
passed by the Filipino members,
did not meet with the approoal
of the Americans, lt was announced.
i IRELAND
President Cosgrave of the Irish
Free State Republic was forced v
leave a meeting at Rathmines under police protection owing to the
hostility of his auditors. During
the speech which the Irish leader
was unable to finish, he was subjected to severe heckling.
Alaskans Threaten
to Secede from U. S.
JAPAN
In Bioto, Japan, over thirty students of the juridical faculty have
been arrested allegedly on account
of participation in the socialist
movement. All arrested are members of the society for the study
of social sciences.
HAMMOND, La^—(FP)— Labor agents will be sent to El Paso,
Texas, for Mexican labor to harvest the spring strawberry crop as
the Mexicans will accept less wages
than the Negroes and poor whites.
Governor Henry Fuqua, elected by
the help of union labor, "could
see nothing detrimental in the
plan."
NORWAY
The reports from the country's
official employment agencies as of
October 15, 1925, show a large increase in the number of unemployed, and indicate that the number
at present is twice as large as at
the same time last year.
ANCHORAGE, Alaska.—Dissatisfaction with the refusal of congress to enlarge the powers of the
territory of Alaska has resulted
in a' possible movement of secession from the United States by
Alaskans, it has been reported
here. This movement, which was
begun through the medium of an-
cnymous letters, was at first treated as a joke but according to the
latest reports it has gained considerable   headway.
Those who sponsor the movement ask that the United States
relinquish Alaska and territorial
waters and withdraw all future
governmental expenditures. The
secessionists advocate a government similar to that of Denmark
with the provisio that a president
must be the ruler.
Esthonian Peasants
Framed by Fascists
REVAL, Esthonia.—The trial of
a group of peasants accused "of
expressing their readiness" to
aid insurgents has ended in prison terms at hard labor for the
peasants. The trial is a result
of prevarications by the local
fascists and secret service agents,
who appeared at the trial as witnesses. The accused were sentenced to three to four years' at
hard labor. Simultaneously the
case of the peasant Reinson living
on the outskirts of Reval Was investigated. He was accused of
"that ln December last he was
seen near his cottage with a
stranger." Due to the* fact that
the prisoner has relatives who
participated in the December insurrection, the secret service
agents testified that "this stranger was no other than the rebel,
for whom they were looking" The
sentenced Reinson to three years
at hard labor.
SPAIN
A royal decree of the Presidency of the Military Directory, dated
November 3, 1925, grants a further but temporary subsidy to the
Spanish coal-mining  industry.
Advertisers are helping us. Reciprocate by buying from them,
and tell them you saw lt ln the
Advocate.
Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
.rown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
8—STOBES-S
lBMtln|S St. But, Isy. tll-678     465 OranvlU* Itreet   Sey. M1S-1S91
itl Button Street Weet. Bey. 1370
"SAT XT WITH IXOWBM"
CHILE
The Antofagasta-.Bollvia Railway company has settled salary
differences with its employes by
granting increases ranging from
25 to 35 per cent, of the present
salaries.
NEW YORK—(FP)—New York
Central railroad refuses to grant
railway shopcrafts demands for
wage increases. The union workers asked 6 cents an hour more
pay and time and a half on Sundays and holidays.
World United Front
Of Potash Magnates
NEW YORK — (PF) — French
and German potash mining interests have united to control the
world market and assist each
other in strikes. Le Cornel, an
Alsatian magnate gives the international anti-labor program away
in an interview with Isaac Ma>
cos,*:on, in the Saturday Evening
Post, as folllows:
"One value of the pact must be
emphasized. It lies in insurance
against labor troubles. If the German potash workers go on strike,
there will always be the French
supply to fall back on and thus
there cannot be a potash shortage."
Chinese "Aid Society"
Helps Wounded Victims
SHANGHAI.—The "Aid Society," recently organized in
Shanghai, is more and more increasing Its field of activity. At
the conference of eighty delegates
held in Shanghai, about fifty labor organizations were represented. The trade union organs,
especially the Council of Trade
Unions in Shanghai, has most actively participated ln the work of
the "Aid Society." The "Aid Society" already embraces 3,000 individual members, and in the near
future and enrollment of from
two to five thousand and more is
expected.
Already a few hundred prisoners and their families have received aid. The wounded victims
of the imperialist slaughter ln
China are being taken care of.
The "Aid Society" has likewise
instituted a most energetic educational campaign, having published
up to the present time over 100,-
000 copies of mass literature.
Pass this copy to your shopmate
and get him to subscribe.
SAN FRANCISCO — (FP) —
Blaming the Industrial Association, the Molders' Union has ended
the armistice of'two months and
the strike of union molders against
the openshop plan in San Francisco will continue. The union
claims the association has tried to
oust union molders from stove
foundries as well as from casting
shops. _■___ \__\_\ Page Four
THS CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Friday, Febriiai-y S,i
OPEN FORUM
fedlkritd fatcp,
QUESTION BOX,
Address  All  Letters   and
Remittances to the Editor
3Hp. Catraftfatt ffiairor Aitowafr
1120 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C. Phone Sey. 2132
$2 A YEAR
$1 SIX MONTHS
:: Capitalism- ::
Weekly Pageant
Rally to the Aid of the Miners*
THE recent conviction and sentencing of Kid Burns and Lam-
1 i.  T> - -    .»   • ■* ■
Last Year's Swag
bert Renners is of more than passing interest to the work- DROFITS, profits and mbre pro
..._,,_,,                                        , , ,,„ ■*■        fit*       ■ttlelttU    A*.,   tt,u    et~«~»sU
o Jlse   n.*r   I'nntiHd        'lit*,..   «*„*.—.    s--	
PRE crown jewels of Rus- ing elass of Canada.   The severe sentence given the former
x   sia have hud a particularly is not a matter for doleful headshaking,  and Dseudo-nhil-
i   ..,,......._...,,..,.,■ Asnnpiallv dur- _.■    i"-   _._ ,. i#bcuuu j[iuu-   wun   corporation   statements   ror »»»'»««i™    •"»«""«    "»
£ T^ST^^Si" 0S°PhlCal   UtteranCeS   regarding  the   wrongs   of   the   working  1925  which  belle  the  claim  that  appeal   to   its   members   to.
ing the past few years,   xiiey »»-.    o 8  hmir'a   n»v      Tho    Am»i»on
Clothing Union Seel
Aid for Coal Stf i|
NEW    YORK — (FP) — Tl
ands   of   dollars  are   expects
fits.    Edch day the financial P°ur  ln  for  rellef o£  anth^
sebtions   df  the   press  are  filled  mlne strikers in response t
with   corporation  statements   for Amalgamated   Clothing   Wo]
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press)
been sold several hundred times, class.   The $25.00 fine imposed on the latter means something ?Qr°f maf ns are mowing. " ££"  0™o 'SU^SJSLi
Revolutions have been fomented m0re than can be expressed in money terms     Both case.   It P7 "8 are narrow' nothine S£t£TV«1 SI
_.  ._,_. ,„«.«.<!«   aa weU as Boi- »       , ." "wuey  terms,     iiottl   cases  short  of  excess  war profits  will tribution, to the steel strlkel
ir^sLTdi^ ifevery are  *extrem« ^tance to the Canadian Labor move-
of the world, -"lent, because both constitute a direct body blow-calculated
1919.     The   call   to   the   141
satisfy the voracious profiteers.
nook   and   corner   of   the   worm.    1  —uDC  utnu ouusuiura-a direct  DOdy  blow  calculated      U" S' Steel ,S jUSt 0Ut wlth its  ft**'* .c,othl"er   workers   to-
even Lenln   when  he was alive,       KjA bUrnS peoo'd m the La°°r movement is that of a daunt-  months °f "^B.    This brings the      "The struggle of the coal
was alleged'to be casting covetous less fighter, whose courageous stand on behalf of his class has year's vtom o£ Gary's trust t0 ers ls the struggle ot the
minds saturated -»vitli a desire for   tne  Mar  and  natred  of  the  mme  Owners.     For  almost   two   war 8ave the steel barons an un- ident Sidney Hillman.  "The
wealth  could   conceive  has   been   years he has been denied employment,  the  operators hODmff   <™?led    owwrt,unitjr to    rook era' organization has done
laid at the door of those who were to starve him into submission.    BeinK unsuccessful in thif ?,?„?" ***?? Vl TT ^ *° bring abo,ut a ftlen
in.      lit   to  have   charge  of   the   i     . ..,.*. "«"«"•     Jjciug   uubuccessiui  in  IMS,  have been exceeded only twice-in But every proposal which prd
TZlT But sad to relate a  few   he 1S nOW bein8 &ot "d of by other means.    He is not being  the corporation's history. ed the integrity of the unioni
jailed beeause he is a worker, nor because he is a  tr*.-.*     The  192?  p_*ofIt means a re" 'ie-iected by the employers.'
nnin-niat   W !._„.,.,.__.  V.     • I    _, •    • turii   of   *l2-82   a   sliare   0n   the man  blames anthracite  operl
imionist, but because he is a trade unionist who fights on *580,ooo,ooo common stock. This for employing "every devicl
behalf of his class against the forces of reaction. -common  stock  oHginaiiy  repre- lobbying to km* the projected;
gems.    But sad to
months ago the jewels wore "discovered"   carefully   locked  up   in
Moscow.    Trotsky hadn't even got
away with one for a stick pin.
*    *    »
T^ROM PLOUGHS to pearls ls a
long jump, but nevertheless a
relationship   exists    between   the
use
■RpnnprB'  noon ii  „,...   .«_,....-.  __ •   ■       .       . . serited no real investment. Its val- quiry into the  industry prop1
Kemiers   case_is one involving permission to picket.    We uetoday is entirely due to the re- by Governor Pinchot to the
the  word  "permission"  advisedly,   because   capitalism investment df exorbitant profits ih nsyivania legislature,
permits the workers no "rights" except those they take' I>revlous year!'
two.   ™° }»^* ™™*T^.  ^ the,conviction of Renners the alleged right of Can-     Bethlehem  steel's  1925  profit
Patronize our advertisers.
* .    , 1= ._ ti.„f .up fi0i.      ,. — a"-*  "S"» ■***■   van-      neuuenem   nieeis   lvnts   prom
IhiriLn^ coning them in- adian workers to Picket a ^ruck job has vanished iH smoke. a~ted to mm-M*.   Thii, is
oilo^hs, harrows and tractors. What ate we of the working class going to. do about it? an "Sf«? S*«E ,5'!!0'000
F„r the first time in author pa. Shall it belaid that we sat idly by and allowed those-in STJ2J! fZtot .SmS
JTSSISSTproSd^ the forefront of the fight to  be railroaded to  the  peni- ^^^^^d^:R,r*
UNION DIRECTOR]
ALLIED PBINTINO TRADES COI
_. *-—Mttti sieond Monday In tht
theTatesTste^'is^r; -^M tentiary, and one of the few privileges we formerly had to StL^.*ZS?jSf^ S^ W.IT-'™*™
than its predecessor*—which, of be taken away without even voicing a protest?
Zs"irrieirhlS^     ^ ^.^ ™™« *» **■■■&** movement can take
being used to foment revolution part in this fight in some way.   Funds can be raised to ap-
are about to be exchanged for peal the verdict, aiid to take care of the dependents of our
■ i, _._._ 1_*_ ___      l_ni\lnf1l1'Elt1_G I It _ *
FEDERATED    LABOR    PARTY-
111,  IIS P«nd« St. W«lt.    Btf
mettingi  ltt and 8rd Wtdniidsy
Infi.    R. H. Nielandi, Ohtlrmtn;
Morriion,   Seo.*Tr»n.;   Angni   Maa
the  money the  public  pays  for
their products.
The return per share on common stock is reckoned at $5.30.
But this understates the return on 8544 Prino* Edwsrd' Streit, Vine
American farming Implements. In   -ml11.isnnpiq  Mm'A„     mi,  2 ^r^uVu,D ui „u,   original investment. In 1917 Beth- B'Si7^".XBdingBXUKiumbl
American tan ng ^^ ^. ^ imprisoned comrades.   The powers that be can    be flooded lehem steei declared a 200 per urm/ in_ormi.tioh » Mcttrmr opt
«We jewels may pass into the with resolutions of protest, and the general populace  can ctent stock diV,dena t0 bover UD iy *-_-_*-* w^hCp»b^cl.l,',
bands oe New Yortt society dam-.s   ))e shakm ^ of ^ indiff and ma(Je aware ^TST SSTUt  «*S ^rT£tl&^%i
nothing is said about th.-n «,!,,   ^^^ rf ^ ^^     ^^ ^ ^.^ ^ ^ ^.^  JJ*^ J*^^ ^ gfc, Bay^w»»0.
be dbne, and in which we can all take a part. ital  stock-    *h® ^lotitB  6t ^    m..u iico'ntt ThnnW ototj
-wt««i.«„„  .an/.      j-       trr.-T.ss .        .- three    years    1916-1918     totaled In Holdra Building. Pruidsnt, J. 1
Workers of the Canadian West: Rally to the aid of your three tiLs the par value of the 7**d®&£&S'?>a
capital stock in 1916. OIVIO  EMPLOYEES'   UNION,
Reckoned   on   the   original   in-     28—MeeU fint tnd third Vrldi
vestment the 1925 profit means a * ^BlL"5RHtT-t&]
_^^__^___ ________^^^__^ return of nearly 16 per cent. No Chtrlei  St.;  tecMtary-trt»iM»r,
wonder Charlie Schwab booms op- Harriion, "M -Parker St.	
was never a strong point among the gentlemen who *imism. P*™}0}**1*' mutual protec
UNION, Looal 145, A. W. of 1
Mooti ln O.W.V.A. Hill, Siymoaj
P»ndir_ Struti,   leeond _ Sandey
nothing
blood spattered,
•    •    «
rvNE of the signs ot Babbitlsm is
the knack of converting pleasure, scientific research, or what
not Into boosting for one's home
town. Tho real Babbitt never
misses an oportunlty of doing this.
When the recent radio test week
was on the Dally Province boasts   I OGIC
persecuted comrades!
Importing Men to Starve
that onc of the things broadcasted *****  follow politics for a living, and this is especially true
IZJtXT^lZ TLZ «* *l ^Tfied real-estate vendors and police  court touts
who hold the fort at Ottawa.
Replying io a question in the House of Commons rcard-
pROMOTERSwhoekeoutapre- *j  advertisement  aPPearing in Briti8h Papera  t0°the     ---   ,- -  -    «—  v,   __-_„«.,
*    carious  existence by  offering   ettect that immigrants Coming into  Canada were  guaranteed  available   for   dividends   on   the  »t Roomi 6, « and T, Flsek Bi
r,mT»ln„mQ«+      ♦_._.    ~.„:„.^_     ._• j    ■__, ,~, ~ JlOODOOOftft     -.nnltnl     Htnnlr     Th)«   If*   _nt**l**\ .BiT**t .V" .T*n•0UT,
per was that "Vancouver
da's Gateway".    What a gem for
Sinclair Lewis to chew over!
*    »    »
Educating the public to an in-
oreased  us.  of  bananas  Is  in  a &~j£$*2j&£ » &
class with steel as a producer of ttl  Nelion  itreet;  finsnolid ieed
W. E. WiUiimi, ttl Nelion itre^
profits.
Fruit Co
218,015
For 1926 the United
reports a profit of $26,-
Of this $22,646,880 was
geniier, P. Plet'oher. 891 Nelion
THE   FED ERATED   8EAFA_|
UNION   OF   CANADA—Headqd
stock.   This
Tel. Soy. 1891. Preildent, Robert '
employment to those who win pur-  employment,  the minister  of immigration   (Chas   Stewart.   ,100'000'000  ^tai
niin«n n share In their business ap-   .... A    .•>„.    .,      _,„.,   „                                                                        '    exceeds the  1924  profit by more Vioe-Preiident,  David  OlUeiple;  ,
CX«1Z IL on evi. days.    tated  that  «»  railway  companies  guarantee   employment  than   $6,00*1,000   and   gives  the B3fl« g"^
A sliort time nl?o the victim had U>   lor  "Ve years,  and  that the  immigrants were  to   be  placed   owners $22.64 a share. But taking street, Vlotoris, B.O.   Phone nor
into   account ,the   100   per   cent. TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  No.
stock dividend of 1921 it appears Preildent, R. P. Pettipiece; Tie]
that the profit really is over 45 «£*- E°; |; *££$ g£*B|
cough up at least several hundred on farms.   One wonders whether the C. P. R. is going to
^S SPiSS bT'S e»Pl°y *em on farms, or has Thornton gone into the poul-
these business gentlemen havo dc try business to help make the C. N. R. pay?
generated to Mm level of the fit- Stewart also informed his questioner that a number of the
teen cent f *««u£ V^ "^ immigrants are to be sent to the Maritime provinces,
vertlsement   in   the   tiaiiy   press r
per cent, on the stockholders' investment.
United   Fruit   handles   62   per
cent, of the bananas imported in
reads: "Young man wanted for
manufacturing business; $40 required." A whole factory for
forty "plunks". Verily tho halt is
getting bigger, and the fish smaller.
Meets lest Sanday of Mok montk
p.m. in Holden Building, 16 Heitli
PRINOE    RUPERT    TYPOQRAPIj
UNION.   No.   411—Preildent,
Meedoneld;    iioroUry-troiinrer,
-    --    -       669.     Hoot]
The  Royal  Commission  which  recently  investigated  the* to the country, its 1926 total be- gKXS* do-Amon"'
Nova Scotia coal industry recommended among other things :!ng ,';,",B" ^"-f^l ^tth ,'t8 '
.,   , ,, ..,,,, 6 huge  holdings in  South America
that one thousand miners should be permantly discharged, it is one of the big factors in the
Things at present are topsy-turvy. Men build palatial houses, and
themselves, live ln shanties.
Oompies Directory of Hate
CLEVELAND—(FP) —William
Frew  Long,   boss   of  Cleveland's
THE   CANADIAN
xBahnr Kbvm
Wtth WMch It Incorporated
THE  BRITISH COLUMBIA FBI
 TIOMIST
PUBLISHED EVERT PRIDJl
By tho Labor Pntlithlng Od
Bnalneu and Editorial Offiel
1129 Howo St.
as the demand for coal was insufficient to keep them all development of the American Em
working.   A week ago the members of the House of Com- :plre'
mons put in a whole day discussing "the acute distress existing among the coal miners of Nova Scotia."   The chief
 They fact brought out in the discussion was that hundreds of
create costly fabrics and costumes,   families were ^ a state of destitution because no work was* ,0Pensh°P crew, is compilling a list
and wear slop-made fustian. They         ....                                                          ...          .....         , of "nationally known persons ob-
produce tho  finest  of viands  and   available.      Meantime,    Canadian   emigration   Statistics   show noxlous  t0  me...    The  flrst  three The CansdUn Lsbor Advocate It
foods, and others enjoy them.   The   that hundreds of families  are  trying to  leave  the  Maritime candidates are: Jane Addams, Paul B*Ct^JSfftb^^£m;nfTto^
system is assess «.« ^jo^  p.,ovinces  &r  the  stateg because   of  memvhymeat Blanshard and Harry F. Ward.      ~~; g=  ^^         ]
SeL inZend't'.18 '"Sane-        What are these men and women being brought into Canada CLEVBLAND_ (FP)_,,he    »ir,N2iV'i^«f
.              for?   To starve?   Apparantly that is the only answer.    If more stuPid people are the easier    ES'^.,!^ bod7, 16° P"l
The  right  arm   of  Labor  Is  a   sufficient employment can not be obtained for those already they are influenced by advertising Member Tho Federated Preu and
strong press.    Add power te^hte   here ^ gituation ig not ukel    tQ be imgianA by bringing ill t0 buy tn,ngs they don,t Want and           _    Brituh Labor Prew
arm by subscribing to THE CAN- " •* job ,don.t „(    _^_-________«r_.
ADIAN LABOR  ADVOCATE.            "">!«• ■      -•           ■--                                                  CiaB_fflSa«D«
need," the Cleveland Advertising Club was told. Way, February 5, 1926
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
The Week at Ottawa
Profit Lust Murders
9 Bituminous Miners
Building Trades Whack
Textile Bosses' Thugs
J. S. WOODSWORTH, M.P.)
IEMBERSHIP in the House of
Commons involves more sac-
ce  for  those   resident  in  the
than for those in the east,
stern   men   reckon   on   being
tty from home for five or six
a In the year.   This means
ph extra expense, much dlfiicul-
provldlng for the needs of
wives and children, and in
(litlon, a very serious break in
[lness  of  professional  arrange-
nts. Many of the eastern mentis can fit in their parliamentary
Lies without seriously dlsarrang-
their home  or business life,
ey can leave the House Friday
jmlng and spend the week-end
home  returning  perhaps  late
Monday evening.    If there is
extra business to be attended
' they can probably arrange to
ke an extra day away.    In this
|>y,  they spend  in  reality  only
out half the time in the capital.
' the arrangements of the House,
i order to suit the  convenience
the easterners, little important
Isiness is done on Friday or on
pnday.    Th6 westerners,  unable
► get away, must more or less
krk time during these days, and
I addition are tied to Ottawa dur-
the numerous holidays, which
[lebec members consider should
..kept by parliament.
MISS MacPhail in Toronto
Df course, many of the west-
aers take advantage of the week-
ds to visit outside points. Last
fek, Miss Macjphail and I had
Baking engagements in Toronto
i the Woman's International
(ague for Peace and Freedom.
3s Macphall gave a strong ad-
ess from which we give a few
tracts:
['Many of ils have to house-clean
minds. And when we do it
Jot of the pictures will have to
\ changed."
I'Our task today is to free youth
pm the  prejudices and  hatreds
heavier burdens upon the Canadian National and hence upon
the people at large. Advantage
was taken of the discussion by the
Progressives to urge protection as
the only remedy. Again the whole
NEW TORK—(FP)—Following
the death of 91 miners—65 of
them Negroes—in the terrible dust
explosion of the Degnan-*MeCon-
nell mine in Okla., the American
engineering standards committee
informed    the    public    that
(By   ART
Federated
question arises as to the morality thirds of all fatal accidents in the
of taxing the whole people in the bituminous coal industry are pre-
interests of one particular section, ventable lf well established safety
In this particular case there is the methods are employed,
added  objection,  that the protec- Of dust explosions the engineers
tion .would  apparently  be  in  the said:    "Sufficient investigation and
interests   of  a   great   corporation experimentation   has   shown   that
with no guarantee whatever that
the employes would be materially
benefitted.
*•»*..«.:,.,
A "Progressive Caucus
The Progressives are introducing all sorts of innovations. One
morning this week they Invited
the Labor members to join them
in their caucus room to meet with
the members from the maritime
provinces to hear from them an
account of their rights and wrongs.
It was rather curious to find both
Liberal and Conservative westerners sitting side by side to present their common case. The discussion cut right across party
lines, and in the course of an
hour and a half there was more
real sense talked than usually is
heard in days in the House Itsolf.
Where men are not talking for
publication or talking as a means
of carrying on party warfare, It
is astonishing how quickly they
can get down to business—Surely
a rather sad commentary on Parliament itself when men must
leave the Chamber and go into a
private room in order to find
ont from each other what they
are really thinking and devize
some practical measures of meeting the real needs which all must
recognize. A gathering of this kind N©W Yoi'k WoiUeil Seek
is very significant as showing the
new spirit which has begun to
show itself, and which, if developed, may make great changes in
the public life of Canada,
catastrophies due to coal mine explosions can be prevented by the
simple expedient of spreading rock
dust thickly enough to cause an
incipient coal dust explosion to
die out rather than to travel
through the atmosphere."
The publicity given this authoritative statement is causing New
York union men who have been
closely following the coal situation to ask of the Oklahoma catastrophe, 'Was It murder?" Are
the lives of nonunion miners so
cheap that na precautions need be
taken?
No precautions had apparently
been taken. A telegram to the
president of the United Mine
Workers from McAlester, Okla.,
read at the anthracite scale committee meeting in Hazleton, Pa.,
said the use of green, inexperienced men was responsible for the
disaster.
The green, inexperienced men
had been brought into the Held
in the operator movement for the
open shop and the 1917 scale. In
this general Oklahoma movement
injunctions were freely used and
a sheriff went so far as to forbid
strikers from holding prayer meetings.
 SHIELDS, ^^^^^
Press)
PASSAIC, N.J.—Heavy handed
union painters and plumbers of
Passaic turned the tables on a
bunch of gangsters who rushed
two into Amalgamated Clothing Workers' headquarters to beat up Organizer Wertheimer and an associate. The building tradesmen,
who were meeting in another hall
in the same building, rushed into
the fray and aent the gangsters
out on their ears, very much the
worse for wear, say observers.
The Passaic labor movement
has gotten behind the Amalgamated well. After the police had
rounded up a group of pickets
and1 Police Judge Davidson had
sentenced four with*the warning
that "Labor Agitators will not be
tolerated in Passaic," a committee ot building trades men waited
on Chief Friescal and said that
would, not do at all. And a group
of rank and file carpenters went
on the picket line. Priescal took
the tip and pickets for the time
being are not being molested by
the police and after a thug attacked a picket Judge Davidson,
with an ear to the political wind,
took a turn about and sentenced
him to thirty days.
H. NEIL
Hand Made Loggers' and
Seamen's Boots
13E LONSDALE AVENUE
NORTH VANCOUVEB     Pbone 1181
AUTOMOBILES
We Have Soma Good Bays lu
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Phone Sey. 7405       136 6 OranviUe St.
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will  Core  Your  Rheumatism,  Lumbago, Neuritis or Bail OolA
MASSAGE  A   SPECIALTY
PACIFIC BUILDING
741 Hastlngi St. W. Phone Sey. 2070
SPEED!
■THE voice currents used
•*• in long-distance telephoning travel from 8,000
to 178,000 miles per second.
B. C. Telephone Company
GREENVILLE, Miss.—(FP)—
Because J. E. Banskin engaged Negro help from a neighboring plantation at an advance of a few dollars a week a justice of peace assessed a fine of $50 and costs.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
BABEISTEES,   SOLICITORS, ETO.
401-408 Metropolitan Building
837 Hastings St, W., Vancouver, B.O.
Telephones: Seymour 6666 and 6667
48-Hour Work Week
1 age."
"Three great bodies are saying
ring things about these matters
abor, Farmers and the Church-
put them in that order know-
I do «o."
[tense—who   in       ^^^^^^^
we to  be  defended  against:
[ixico, Cuba, the Eskimos?"
"Cadets!    Who in this audience
I coward enough to get up and
he wants to train a 14-year-old
to defend him?"
"You  can't  pour   children  Into
educational mold—education
hst be molded for the children."
f'How many parents ever read
*   *    »
The Line Up
As the debate goes on there is
little change manifested in the
general situation. The question
of the possibilites of co-operative
government is still rather proble-
'Fburteen millions for national matlcal. The Progressives and La-
heaven's name bor men seem quite determined
that under existing circumstances
it would be buite impossible to
form any sort of a coalition government. • They are attempting,
however, to secure some co-operation in a legislative programme.
Of course, parties cannot be altogether overlooked. Those who
have  sat  in  the  House  for   over
  four years cannot but realize how
public school text books? Just  frequently the Liberals have fail-
it once!" • ei  to  live  up to  their  promises.
Children like  us  to tell them   Then at the present' time, undoubt-      Juat now we are being told that
truth—the school books don't  edly the government is very weak.   we ought to have a strong govel*„_
it." A    glance    at    the    government  ment,     The   two-party   system   is
*    '    * benches   shows   the   Prime   Min-   bullt up on the idea that it ig not
The Nova Scotia Miners ister's seat empty and a number of  safe t0  trust one group  o£ men
|The regular 6rder of the debate  empty   benches   beside   it.     Mr.   but  that there must be a _trong
the  address* was   inferrutped   Motherwell and Mr. King have not  0ppOSiUon to hold the government
.-    .„_   „!,„„,„   „„„„„itv   fnr   nnv    *,.   che(jk      A   str(mg   govel.nmenti
such as the Conservatives now desire, would be a protectionist government, and apparently one that
could flout the will of the great
masses of the common people. The
weaker is perhaps more amendable to public opinion.
The course which lies ahead
even during the present session is
by no means clear. It is easy to
lay  down  general  principles—Ev-
NEW YORK— (b'f)—New York
women workers are decidedly in
favor of a 4S-houi- week law being passed and are indignant that
any working woman coudd be induced to appear in AlDany or, in
Wasiiington against protective legislation for women workers. Led
by Mabel Leslie of the Women's
Trade Union league, an active lobby of working women will remain
in Aloaiiy uunng the legislative
__oSiuu to secure the uiu s passage.
Uovei'nor Al Smii-li included the
measure in tne Labor programme
announced in his annual message
to the  legislature.
haps  doubtful  experiment  of  cooperation   with   the  group   which
under the pressure of circumstances is willing to co-operate.
The Party System
SHOES
You Can Always Do
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Robinson & Warren
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THIS advertisement means high-
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If your eyes ache,  soe us,
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205 SERVICE BLDG.
ROBSON at GRANVILLE
Entrance 680 Robson St.
Phone Sey. 81)55
Ut Monday by a dlscuslon of the   s°   far   shown
capacity for any
tva Scotia miners' situation in- very definite action. The most
bduced by the Conservatives. Un- promising men are now in the
kunately, in this, as in most cabinet. Behind them are a num-
[estlons   partisan   considerations
Jided to becloud the real Issues.
>wever, it was clearly brought
t that the miners were still in
almost desperate position, and
ttt no real relief was in sight,
is a changed attitude on the
\:t ot the government, Mr. Stew
ber of French Canadian members
who during the past four years
have shown anything but Progressive  tendencies.
The Conservative Side
But   what   is   the   alternative.
Look     down     the    Conservative
Sickness, The Result of Defective Teeth
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
OFFICE: 301 DOMINION BUILDING
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
T"\OCTORS are now recognizing the relationship between dis-
•*"'   eased teeth and bad health.
Every week or two some physician sends me a patient to have his
teoth attondod to, and in tho majority of coses tho doctor's suspicions
aro confirmed, and tho health improves when tho Dental needs have
beon  supplied. ,   ,.
This is natural; good blood depends on good digestion,
turn depends on mastication. .,.-*..    *t ,s\ a.
Dr. Curry combines Long Experience with most Up*to*Pnto Metnoaa.
and this  in
_ w. v..v ox.-    benches!     Undoubtedly,   there   is
making the announcemetn that much greater administrative abil-   el*y   gr0up   and   every   section   of
Federal Government was pre- Ity In evidence, but as one of the  every group may easily quote these
ed to assist in helping the min- Progressives remarked:    "When I 	
This  ls in decided  contrast look at these men I feel afraid."
m the position which the gov- There Is "Bob" Rogers and Ben_
nment took up a year ago.
The   immediate    question
general  principles  in  justification
of its action but it is not easy to
apply   general   principles  to   con-
nett and  Edwards and  Flemming  crete situations.   All we can say is
was  and Hanson and Foster and Cahan   that the members of the Independ-
llth  regard to the placing  of  a —some with records and some ad-
|rge order for coal by the Can- mlttedly representing the  big in-
!lan National Railways in order terests—All    uniting    with    those
It give special relief.   It was con- about   'ihem   in   the   demand   for
f.dered  by some that  Besco  was higher protection.
aking advantage of the situation      Under   these   circumstances   it
extort   a   higher   price   than seems as If the only course is to   ture of our present parliamentary
aould  be   paid   and   thus  throw attempt the very delicate and per-   Institutions.
ent groups are endeavoring to do
their utmost to steer their way
through a very difficult channel.
If their craft strikes a rock the
fault may not He in their lack of
skill    so much as in the very na-
INSIST ON OUR LABEL
Vancouver
Creamery
Butter
GUARANTEED FINEST QUALITY Page Six
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, February 5, 192
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. II. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
Notes From the Camps
SEAMEN'S ACTIVITIES
rvURING the past year efforts
•*-"^ were made to combine the
National Sailors' and Firemen's
Union of Canada, with the Federated Seafarers' Union of Canada,
ahd although there seemed to be
no advance made in that direction
by either body many seamen who
are not organized insisted that the
negotiations continue and failing
an understanding, that a ballot of
ail members on board the ships
be taken and have figures to present instead of "letters." with the
opinion of the seamen in general.
The publicity given by "Advocate"
of negotiations between the unions
was a great help in getting the
seamen to speak their minds on
this, all important question. The
majority of sailors are of the opinion that the amalgamation of the
N. S. F. U. of Canada and the F.
S. U. of Canada, can still be
hrought to a head, and there is
every likelihood of the organizations blending to maintain and better the lot of the seamen, which is
rapidly becoming worse through
no fault of the efforts of the organized. The unorganized and the
unemployed must learn that It is
to their interests, that they should
be organized, in order to improve
their conditions.*
The Federated Seafarers' seem
to be getting a better hold on the
seamen of B. C. The step taken
by the Federated Seafarers to
spread to the eastern ports of Canada is gaining popularity by the
members and many have come to
the headquarters with donations
to finance the matter of opening
a branch at either Montreal or
St. Johns in the east.
During the past year many seafarers have been visited at the
hospitals in Vancouver, Victoria,
and New Westminster or where it
was possible to get to those that
were unfortunate to have to go
to the hospitals. 281 visits were
paid to St. Paul's Hospital and
112 visits to the General, 22 visits
were made to the Jubilee Hospital
at Victoria, and 8 visits to the St.
Joseph at Victoria, 8 visits were
made to St. Mary's Hospital at
New     Westminster.      The     total
Empire
Cafe
QUALITY
COURTESY
REASONABLE
76 Hastings East
HAROLD DEQG and
BOB KHAUSE
Lata 54th Batt. ind 72nd Bttt.
amount of disbursements to members and seafarers from ships not
registered In Canada, was well
over two hundred dollars, as well
as private donations to members
who were particular friends of
some members who were in hospital.
Several members have passed
away. The late Bro. J. Brennan
who was verp popular died last
February after an illness lasting
close on fourteen months. The
late Bro. H. Benrodt, died as a result of an accident. The late Benny, as he wa's called by his many
friends, was hurt aboard the S. S.
Griffco of the Coastwise Steamship and Barge company. The
third member to pass away was
Bro. Tom Bauldie who died in October of last year. He was one of
the pioneers of the Marine Firemen and Oilers' Union of British
Columbia (which later developed
into the Federated Seafarers' Union of Canada) and used to crack
many jokes with the younger element regarding his experiences all
over the world not forgetting to
let them know at times that he
had been twenty-five years around
the ports of British Columbia. The
late Tom Bauldie was quite an en
thusiast in various sports, and related many yarns which held the
sporting fraternity round headquarters spell-bound. Still another
member passed away In the person
of Bro.* James- Scott, who after
making a trip on one of the deep
sea vessels was sent to St. Paul's
hospital, where he seemed to get
better for a while and was discharged as convalescent, but had
to be readmitted a few weeks after
in a worse condition than he was
previously. He was removed to
Essondale Hospital on July 5, 1925,
and died in that institution on
September 28th. The organization
was not notified until his mother
sent a letter in November. It
seemed rather strange that the officials at Essondale should not acquaint the organization of the
death as enquiries had been made
repeatedly regarding his progress.
Many members were greatly surprised and could hardly believe
that "Jamie" had passed away and
expressed their sympathies to the
relatives.
The work of the organization in
matters pertaining to the legal
part, were carried out very successfully by Mr. J. Pitcairn Hogg,
who was successful ln winning
every case that was taken up by
the organization in the interest of
the Seafarers, the largest of which
was the "Campbell" case. The
amount spent In legal work was
high.
Pamphlets were issued during
the year explaining the work of
the organization, with great success, until the "Advocate" allowed
a few columns devoted to "Marine
Woodsworth Raps Meighen
(Continued from  page  1)
is true that they were called out;
it is true that the Royal Canalian   ALTHOUGH lumber priees have working in the camps disagree
Northwest Counted Police, acting not yet reached that pinnacle any way with  such  an arrai
under the direct control of the Do- which,    the    lumber    companies ment.    If   they  did  they  w
minion   government,   were' there;   would like, yet "the first half of complain  in  some  way.
it  is  true  that the officers  were this year will see an advance in      Never since  1920,  the year]
very active  at that time in  en; production exceeding that of any which   more   was   done   by
listing  citizens,  and  ln  generally °f Us predecessors." That is.how Lumber Workers Union to ell
carrying forward operations; it is the   "British   Columbia   Lumlber- up the camps in B. C. than
true  that there was shooting on man,"  official mouthpiece  of the ever  been  done  before  or si:
the streets. There were two deaths Timber  Industries  Council   of  B.  has there existed such oppoi
and  about  a hundred  casualties c- sums up the outlook in their ltles to improve living and wi
.... It is true that a member of market report ln the current is- ing conditions in the camps
the government, the Hon. Gideon aue. to  raise  the  wages  of the
Robertson,   was  at  that   time  ln      The   lumber   operators   to   the  employed therein. The export
Winnipeg with  very  considerable south of the line are endeavoring ket is the ln the best condii
authority.   It is true that an agent to curtail production in order to for   years   and   the   demand
from the Department of Justice,  keep  up  prices,  and  this  is  ex- home    comsumptlon    is    gait
Mr.  A.  J.  Andrews,  appeared  to Pected to react beneficially to the ground rapidly;
have a great deal of authority at lumber interests on this side. During  the   past  year  all
that time.    In fact he and Hon.      The   Mountain   lumbermen   are  organized  workers  on the B,
Gideon  Robertson  practically  es- expecting a "fair volume of bus-  coaBt   have   improved  their   e
tabllshed  themselves as  dictators iness- • • • and   a   better   price."  nomi0   position,   but  not  so
in   the   Royal   Alexandra   Hotel.  Lumber stocks on the prairies are men  working  in  the  camps,
These   things  are  true. ... It is  *-ow* an<i large orders are expect- though   they   required   it   mi
true  that  legislation  was  rushed •* ttoxa- •*•*•_ area, while locally than anyone else.    However,
through this House in the course Increased building activity ls ex- rate 0f wages paid does not
of a very short time which  had Pected to Increase the demand to  pena   Up0n   the   wages  one
the   effect  of taking  away  from some considerable extent. neea(  j,ut  upon what ah  orgt
British-bom citizens the right of Taking it all in all it appears ized effort Is made to take,
trial by jury. ... I would say that the lumber corporations are the men employed in the elt'
further that when we tried to get expecting to reap a bigger har- organized their forces and w
very definite evidence with regard vest this year than they have after what they wanted, and tl
to certain proceedings we found done for some time. The market got it.
documgnts missing from the files conditions are favorable, and no The same thing can be d
in the department here." one  who  knows anything of the by  the   men  who   work   in
Dealing with the deportation subject would gainsay that'from camps if they will only try. T!
law Mr. Woodsworth pointed out the operator's point of view la- have done it before and they can
that although the law in question Dor conditions can scarcely be it again, but they must first
had been enacted by the Conser- equalled. The conditions being all drop their petty prejudii
vatives the Liberals had kept it here the companies intend mak- and consolidate their forces,
on the statute books. ing hay while the sun shines.
 It takes two to make a bargain,
Workers" conducted by W. H. D.
an   to   the   casual   observer   it
Two   -hundred    and    fifty-one W°"ld "I.6™ that P6rfeCt harmony
members  joined  the  organization "^ betWeen ulumber comPanies
during   the    past   year.    Eleven and th° ™? **? ^mpl^' fB°'h
members transferred from the N *re  UnUed  ln  beUevinS  that  the
S. F. U. of Canada.   One member J^w T™t0™   **oald   ™eW°
from the LRU. of A. and* mem- the   hlghe8t   p08slble   rate       of
bers from Federated seamen's un
ion  of Australasia.    One member
from the Fedorated Seamen's union of New Zealand.
profit. True, there are some who
doubtless will take exception to
such a statement, but facts cannot   be   overlooked   and   all   the
facts Indicate that the men work-
Many men  who  had  the  mis-  ing Jn the woods have no obJec.
fortune  to   fall   by   the   wayside tlon t0 Aoing al, the work and the
were ably assisted by the organ- oompanle8 taking all the  cream,
tzation   to   make   recovery,    ,and 0ne ^ on,y Judge that a thing
over one hundred fares were ad- exi8ts   ,f   it   ^jf^   itself   ln
vanned to members to get to other some wayj and there are „ot out.
ports in B. C. to join vessels. Many ward   Indlcation8   that   the   men
were  allowed  substatial  sums   of , '___	
Who   Ii   BILL   HUNGERFOBDtl
Ask Any Lsbor Han.
STANFORD
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868 SETMOUB STBEBT
Housekeeping   and   Transient
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bridge, Propi.
Patronize our advertisers.
cash to prepare for going to sea,
. most of which was returned.
Relations with most of the shipping companies were strained in
particular cases where the seamen
were not getting what they were
entitled to, -in many cases the of*
Uses Moscow Bogey
On American Women
MAINLAND CIGAR STORE
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
810 OARRALL STREET VANOOUVER, B.O.
Red Star Drug Store
"The Maa Order Druggists"
We Mak* a Special Effort to Get Goods Out by First Mall
After Receipt of Tour Order
Corner Oordova and Oarrall
Vanoouver, B.0.
(By LAURENCE TODD)
WASHINGTON— (FP)—In
ficers were to blame; in other splte of lts determination to stick
cases the officers were extraord- to a constructive line, the second
Inarily good. The best companies nationa' industrial conference of
to deal with, whenever there was Women. summoned to Washington
a grievance to adjust during the by the women's bureau of the de-
past year, were the C.P.R., the Partm*nt of labor, seethed with
Kingsley Navigation Company, indignation when James Edger-
the Consolidated Whaling Corpor- ton' President of the National As-
ation and the Coastwise Steamship *>ciation of Manufacturers, deft Barge Company. We might "vered a sneering speech in which
mention in connection with the h'e warned the delegates against
last named company, that the aU Protective lawa for women and
man who was dismissed from the ohildren in industry. His remarks
"Griffco," a few weeks ago, was were o£ the vulgar type which be-
not a member of the Federated oame Popular in platform attacks
Seafarers' Union at the time. We °n socialists and communists dur-
feel sure that if he had been we ln& and a£ter the world war.
might have been able to get the Edgerton is a textile manufac-
matter adjusted. "Enquirer" turer from Tennessee. He boasted
kindly note that no letters were his patriotism, asserted that work
sent from this organization in con- ln his mills is opened daily with
nectlon with the same case, as it Prayer, and described the child
was beyond our jurisdiction owing labor amendment as being the
to the fact that he was not a mem- tirst ot a series of steps of "po-
ber of the Federated Seafarers* Wtlca.1 and moral interbreeding
Union, and the organization that with-the poisonous communism
he Is a member of did not ask and-socialism of Europe," and as
our co-operation on the matter. a Process of nationalization of
Correspondents to this column children, directed by Mme. Kolon-
should sign their name as "En- tai of Moscow,
qulrer" Is not sufficient. We have When he ended his remarks,
copies   of   all   letters   sent   from Edgerton hastily left the building.
Headquarters,   which   are   at   the ' ~	
disposal of all paid up members. Subscribe to the Advocate.
Letters have been received from  '—rr-.—
J. Goodwin, G. Goodlet, Joe Butt, NEW ORLEANS—(FP)—War-
A. Caldwell, DUnc. McKenzie and Hngton House, an institution for
W. B. Lander. the down-and-outs, shows that 26,-
 ■*"' 000 homeless men and boys re-
Say you saw lt advertised in the ceived aid from it during 1926, an
"Advocate". increase of 30 per cent, over 1924.
BRUCE'Sl
SUIT
SALE
Big reductions, splendid]
values. Regular prices!
$22.50 to $42.50, now—]
$15 to $37.6!
C. D. BRUC1
Limited
Oor. Homer and Hastings 8t.<|
VANCOUVER, B.O.
The Original '
HARVEY
Logging Boot
HAND-MADE BOOTS
for
LOGGERS,  MINERS,
CRUISERS and
PROSPECTORS
Quick Borrlot fer Bopiln
All Work OauMtMd
ip.eUl Atttntlon to Hall Ord*_r_|
H. Harvey
Eitabluhtt la Tumvir ta HIT '
M OORDOVA STREET W. I ■M*
mmamm
Hday, February 5, 1926
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Page Seven
ritish Right Wing
Dislikes Left Wing
LONDON. — Considerable    hub-
' has been raised by the propo-
|made by the Sunday Worker
the  left  wingers  inside  the
Ir party should come together
la more definite understanding
the objectives of the left wing
I to accomplish those objectives
lln the labor party.    It  pro-
Id these left wingers should be
fed on the basis of: (1) World
Ie union.    (2)  National trade
In unity.    (3)  Solidarity with
Tressed   colonials.      (4)    More
Itancy in the labor party.    (5)
-defense against fascism,
^nsbury's Labor Weekly laun-
' a long -and bitter, and rather
^.Ued-for attack upon the Sun-
Worker   proposal,    dwelling
evident vindictiveness  upon
[part played by the Com'mun-
lln the labor party.   It expres-
Ifear and anger at the Com-
hlst   "nucleus"   and   their   at-
pt to get the reactionary Liv-
ftol   decisions   excluding   them
the labor party, changed.
VANOOUVBB  HARBOTJB
COMMISSIONERS
Sailor's Wives Discuss
Merits of Last Strike
Tory Rule in Britain
British Workers Hear
LONDON—A mass meeting was
held at Canning Town recently of
the wives of seamen who participated in the recent unofficial strike.
Of Canadian Conditions   The  meeting  was  under  the au-
  spice* of the National Sailors' and
(By   British   Labor Press Service) That  Brltlsh   workers   ar*   not   Firemen's Union, assisted by Flora
Government    apolo- Labor Rule   Tory Rule  being   led   away  with" the   lying  ?_rLum,mond' wh,°.ls   leader   of   a
1924
T ONDON.
gists   have   made   much   of
what they call an "improvement"  ia"uary     ' l\
February      79
in   the   unemployment   situation   March 78
during  the   last  year.    The  im-  April        73
provement is more apparent than   May      71
real, and the facts totally refute  June      69
the impression which the govern-   July  70
ment's   defenders   try   to   create,  August      71
that during its year of office the September      72
government has  dealt successful-   October    .'.  76
ly  with   the  unemployment   pro-   November      80
blem.                                                  December '  81
Before the government took
ofllce at the beginning of November, the total number of un*
1925
.... 80
.... 80
.... 79
.... 75
.... 73
.... 72
.... 72
.... 73"
.... 74
.... 76
.... 76
.... 77
When   one   recalls  the   predlc*
tlons  of dire  disaster that  were
propaganda of Canadian immigra- notorious anti-Labor  organization,
tion  agents  is  evidenced   by  the and   A-^nes  Bowerman,   the  Tory
following item taken from the La- ex-su«ragette.
bor Press Service sent out out to The   idea  was  that   the   wives
Labor^ papers by the Trade Union should protest against the recent
Congress  and   the   British   Labor strike and the coming of the Aus-'
Party: trallan Labor leader, Tom Walsh,
Emigrants can now get Into to thls oountry.
Canada by "assisted" passage, for The attendance was all that
£3, or alternatively, if they don't could have been desired; but these
really want the money, they can women, who had so loyally sup-
pitch it into the fire,and thus save ported their- men in the strike,
themselves a good deal of time, came not to support Havelock Wil-
misery and disillusionment. son, but to protest with all their
Here is a cutting from the Ham- might against the interference of
IOE TO CONTRACTORS
[OBETB   BTO.DING   FOB   GRAIN
DRYER--No. 2 ELEVATOR
AMD TENDERS marked "Con-
terete Dryer Blildlng for No. 2
ktor" covering labor and materl-
Is required lor the construction of
increte building to house Grain Dry-
. Plant adjoining Vancouver Har-
**•* Commissioner's No. 2 Elevator,*
■Louver, B. C-, and addressed to the
frsigned,   will   he   received   at   the
_ of the Vancouver Harbour Com-
•oners, 525 Seymour Street, until
■'clock noon, Tuesday, February Oth,
Ens, Specifications, Form of Tender
■Form of Contract may be obtained
le office of tho Chief Engineer, 525
[our Street, on and after 12 o'clock
| Friday, February 6th, 1026.
J deposit of twenty-five dollars
loo) will be required which will
lefunded upon return of same or
ring the consideration ot tendon
ted by the Board.
Iiders shall be accompanied by an
■ted cheque equal to ten per oent.
I) of the tender. Th© accepted
Ee of the succesful tenderer will be
lied on substitution of a bond sat-
lory to the Commissioners for
V-flve   per   cent.    (25%)    of   tho
ht of the contract.
Fair Wage Clause will b« inserted
le contract.
Vest, or any tender, not necessar-
{..opted. w D nA-nn.
Secretary.
jrnary 3rd, 1026.
(HFOBATION OF POINT ORET
jjOUBT OP REVISION
blCE is hereby given that the
iourt of Revision to revise tho
lament Roll for the year 1926 as
■red by the Assessor will commence
Ittlngs at the Municipal Hall, Kcr-
■e,   B.   0.,   on   Monday,   February
B6, at 7.80 p.m.
HENRY  FLOYD,
O.M.O.
Itlclpal Hall, Jan. 27, 1026.
birds of passage, Is attracting capacity crowds this week.
(Note the smooth  facetiousness
not want his "comfortable" readers to take the thing too much to
heart.) »
The   unfortunates   who   cannot
made regarding the effects of al-  ilton Spectator, a Canadian capit- Tory women and reactionary unemployed   workers   registered   at  'owing Labor to manage the na-  allst sheet   <and  thus  not at aI1 ion Ieaders lnt0 the affairs of class
a-^Jo^-A-2--^aihl tlon'.   affairs   these   comparisons  "kely to .paint the picture in any conscious  working men  and. wo-
the unemployment exchanges was                                strikin_.      Thev  more   sombre   hue   than   It   can men.
nearly  one  and   a  quarter  mil-   are   sumcientiy   smiting.      tney                                 ,..„. -*—*„-
lions;' the  actual figures  at  the are all the more impressive when  **»-™* £ ^r ^Lf^il' *"    M'SS    Bowerman:    "The
end   of   October    1924    were   1 -  "is recalled how the Tories pro-  8on' M'P" by Mr' Rionard Riley, men are dismal Jimmies and want
247 000     In November' 1925   the  Phesied  an  Immediate  revival  of  of the International Association of helping."      Pandemonium      then
total  waa 1,227,000.    Throughout trade and a recovery of produc- Ma<*'nJ£=                         '      „ ^nea-    on°    woman    shouting,
the twelve  months in which the  tive   industry   if   they  secured   a      ™e baaement ot Centraj ,police ..How wouM you nke to keep ^
government has held offlce unem-  majority at the polls.    They ob-  station,   winter   paradise   for   the C0nsumptlV6    kl(laies    on    £5    a
ployment has  been  uniformly at  talned the majority, but the pro
a higher level  than  in the pre-   Phecles   remain   unfulfilled.
vlous  year.    The  monthly  totals      More     unemployment,      lower   Qf ^"j*" paaaage"""the*TdTtor""dpes move oondemnln*? the leaders for
(taken   from   the   official   Gazette  wages,    higher   cost   of   living—  „„f „„.„, hl_ ,.'„nmfnrtaMo„ „„„*_ calling a strike,  "leaving the woof the Ministry of. Labor) are as  these are the direct consequences
follows:                                              of   Tory   rule   as   it   affects   the
■jj-24                       1925            working   classes.      When   'other
Jan.     1,359,000     Jan.     *,287,000  consequences  are  taken  into  ac-   ob™  work^" the "hoboes" and "the
Feb.     1,192,000     Feb.     1,287,000   °ount,   such   as   the   increase   of  aown.and_outera,  unable  to with:
Mar.    1,095,000     Mar.     049,000  taxation   borne   by   the   working  gtand   the   rlgoroug   blasts   that ened to eject a male steward who
April    1,087,000     April    1,251,000   People, the ruthless closing down  sweep the doorways these nights> remonstrated  with them.
May     1,057,000     May    1,253,000   of   dockyards,    the   attempt    to  are „n,ng up wlth great regulai.Uy In splte of the dlsorder whlch
June    1,049,000     June    1,368,000  economize on  education,  and the  ,ately           Lagt year ,oca, restau. retenedj   Captaln   Dftvieg    of   the
July    1,089,000     July     1,262,000  sleight-of-hand tricks the govern-  rateurg supl,ed the boyg with goup ga„org, and Plremen.s Un)on   wag
Aug.     1,191,000     Aug.     1,418,000   m** has practiced upon the in-  and bread ,n the evenlngi but no heard to refer to HaveIock w„.
Sept.    1,242,000     Sept.    1,401,000  s«red workers,  it ls obvious that  phllanthropigt  has  come  fol*ward son as a man "who had been cru-
Oct.      1,247,000     Oct.      1,295,000   the working-class.electorate made  with suoh an of£er thls year. How- cified by Inches."    This statement
Nov.     1,233.000     Nov.     1,227,000* *^A *argain_when it placed Mr.   eve_.  nQ on0 hag gone hungry yct. wag    greeted   wlth   a   gtorm    of
'   Last night the remains of a sump- groans,   and  the  chorus  of  "Tell
tuous banquet served ln the Inde- me the old. old story."
pendent Order of Oddfellows' tem- in an effort to get the resolution
pie was brought to the station and carried, the clause relatins to Tom
divided     equally     amongst     the Walsh was deleted.    Tt was then
crowd. announned as carried, amid gener-
Mr.   Richard   Riley,   who,   inci- ai protest.
The  partv on  the  platform  was
month?"
,   Mrs.   Drummond   attempted   to
men and children to starve," also
protesting against Tom Walsh
coming to this country.
Women   shouted   protests   from
all parts of the hall, and threat-
Baldwin in offlce,
Baldwin Requires an
Introduction to Truth
._ CORPORATION OF THB
IOT OF SOUTH VANCOUVER
JlOE IS HEREBT GIVEN that
Ie Court of Revision to revise the
Iment Roll for the year 1926 will
Knee Its sittings at the Municipal
I South Vancouver, B. 0„ on Mon-
|the   8th   day   of   February,   1926,
*'                 WM.   T.   RILEY,
Comptroller.
Iilclpal Hall, Smith Vancouver, B.C.
^January 28, 1026	
OUT  OF VANCOUVER
tairt of Revision.
l_ NOTICE that the Assessment
111 of all rateable property In the
fcf Vancouver, which will form
Ills of municipal taxation for the
1.926, has been returned to me
Isuance of the provisions of the
Imver Incorporation Act, 1621,"
■at the same may be inspected
I offices of the Assessment Cornier, City Hall, Vancouver, be-
(the hours of 9 o'clock a.m. and
|m each day, and that the first
fe of the Court of Revision to re-
Dualize and correct the same, will
K on Friday, February 26th, 1926,
J o'clock in the forenoon, in the
fl Chamber, at the City Hall,
■ Street, Vanoouver.
■the said meeting all complaints
I. the assessment ss made by the
lor, which shall have been re*
I by me at least seven clear days
(to the date of the said meeting,
heard.
WltlilAM McQUEEN,
City Clerk.
3_.11,  Vanconver, B.C.,
15th,   1926.
In other words, whilst the Labor government was ln offlce unemployment    steadily    decreased,
until the very end of It's career,
and the exact opposite has been
the  case  with  the  Baldwin  gov- LONDON.—When   Kr.   Baldwin
ernment.    Only in  the very  last made thg followlng angWer m the  dentally, served his apprenticeship
month  for  which  the  official  fi- Houge of Commong on December  as a machinist ln West  Ham  at   then aenin hpartilv booed  as the
gures  are  available,  namely No- 9| he mllut have forgotten tempor.  the time when  Mr.  Will Thorne   women left the hall in a bodv.
vember, was the total  below the ar,ly  that  ft  few  weekg  agQ   he  first won hls geat ln parliament,   __________________
highest recorded  in  the  previous choge .*Truth ln  politics"  as the  declares in a conveying letter that
year,   and   the   highest   in   that gubject of hlg iecture to the stu-  the city will not give relief work
year (January, 1924) was inflated dentg of one  of the untvergltlea.  to married men unless they have
by the effects of the railway dis- He wag asked:                               iived ln the city for twelve months,
PUte. _ Wou,d my Rt   Hon   fr,end gay  and   will  do   nothing   at   all   for
Another striking illustration of whether there lg any truth ln the  s'nele men.
the ill-effects of Tory administra- suggestion that we are going to be                ~
tion   as  compared   with   even   a bound to the  protection  of Irak  HygypQoJ   Unionists
minority Labor  government's ac- for another twenty-five years after          *     .  .          r   U       IT   '*
tivlties is afforded by the statis- the  present  treaty  comes  to  an         IHSISI On LlWOT  Unity
tics relating to wage changes dur«- end?	
Ing  the   last  eleven  months.   Fi- And he answered:                              LONDON—Arising   out   of   the
gures   published   in   the   Gazette No, I should say that that shares  report  on  the  Labor  Party Con-
ehow  that   between   January-No- the   fate   of   most   suggestions—  ference   given   to   the   Liverpool
vember,   1925,  the  aggregate   de- there is very little truth in it.        Trades   and   Labor   Council,   the
creases   in   weekly   wages   much In  view  of  this  announcement  vice-president of the council who
exceeded   the   increases   recorded two or three days later, that "we  was \n the chair, said that it was
in the period.    Thus, while  850,- are undertaking a further twenty-  the intention of the executive com-   NOTIOE TO  CONTRACTORS
000   working people   received   In- five years' mandate," no comment  mittee   of   the   council   to   bring
creases    totalling    £-79,000,    there is necessary.
were   858,000   whose   Wages   were 	
reduced   by  a  total   of   £157,000.
In    1924,    on    the    other    hand, • 	
there were net increases of moro _  ... ,   ,_    , .       ~,
than  £580,000  in  the  weekly British Machine shops
wages of 2,850,000 workpeople Busy on Soviet Orders
and reductions of less than £64,- 	
000   in   the   wages   of    500,000
workpeople.
The   disadvantages,    from   the
CTTV OT VAVCOTIVT.lt
TENDERS POR DRUGS
IT-HE UNDHlRSTGNKn will receive
X tn«d.**B nn Its 32 n'pTnrk Pnfnr.
dnv. the *>OII* ilnv nf Pnhrnnrv Ifl'ffi.
fnr thp snm>'v nf dvntrs fnr thn (l*ff**-*/'nf
cHv (tenartmen**; frr nn<* \-eflr. Fn***ms
nf tortrlpr ean l)e --btn'ti^fl nt mv office.
Worked pi-enne ■nnvnl**'** tn thr. dty nf
Venennver tn the sniii nf $100 tn nc*
enmp-iny   tender.
JAT.fT***;    KTrTAl-IT.
PnrehfiRtnu'   Arrnl
Oitv nf Vnncouver, Fehnmrv 3   1096
VANfnnVTl-p,   KAfBOTJB
COMMTSSTOWEBS
"pressure to bear" upon affiliated   EI*EOTJ_t(.at,    tnstat.t.attow    fob
bodies  not  to  elect   as  delegates ATTTOMATTO    SPRtnkt.br
Patronize our advertisers.
members of the Communist Party.
SYSTEM NO. 3 ELEVATOR
This   attitude   was   immediately   OEALED TH.NT.1.I.S. marked Klectricnl
,    .,        .. _  _,_.'_  _, ,, ,      wJ   Instnllntinn    for    Sprlnklar    System,
Nn.   3   Blevntnr."   covering   the   supply*
ini?   nnd   instnllimr   nf   e'ecfricnl   etptlp*
LONDON — The     "Financial
Times" of January 7 reports that
"as a result of the substantial or-
working-class point of view, of ders received some time ago from
having a Tory government in of- Russia there is now much less
fice is illustrated further by the short time being worked in Lan-
figures relating to cost of living, cashlre textile machinery shops
At the beginning of 1924, When than formerly; and when the full
Labor entered offlce, the cost of effect of those orders is felt with-
maintaining unchanged the pre- in the next few weeks it is ex-
war standard of living in the pected that full time will be re-
working-class   home   was   77   per sorted to."
cent,   above   the   level   of   July,       Other  British   industries   would
1914. It fell month by month be in an equally flourishing con- ^-^o'on"^ ~oPos~e any
until it reached 69 in. June and dition If only credit facilities had
July, 1924, the lowest point it been given to the Bussian del-
reached since early ln 1917. Un- egation who were here a few ,_.at,on
der Tory rule, however, cost of months ago prepared to place
living has been uniformly higher, orders for over _,1{S,000,00.} worth
The   figures   ares ef British goods.
challenged, and the following res
olution was moved:
"Having heard the report of the '.ont   ■>'"■   wi'.'in*-'  nececsary   t„   0pnn.te
6                    t ,             , r, '"■"   l"""''*   ■*■'•   compromor   nnd   wnter
proceedings of the Liverpool Con- henter ip connection with Sprinkler Sys-
ference  of  the  Labor  Party,   this ■■'■',  '"   Workhonie  nf  Vnncmivcv  Hat*
__,           ...   .   n,    _,_.   TT„t«n "0"r    Onrniissinncr***'     Klevntnr    Nn.    3,
council affirms that Trade Union ,nn( ot v.vnon D_,v.  VanconT„) „  c;
branches   affiliated   to   this   body will  he  received  *,t  the  Office  nf the
Vancouver       Knrhonr       Cnmmissinners,
have absolute freedom In the se- Tork_h)re mmj_g  .,_ ^^ ^^
lection of their representatives to vnnc«tivor. M C. nnt'l 12 o'clock noon,
this   Trades   Council   and   Labor T":R'1n,1;* Mmarv oth, WSJ.
„ Specifications,   Perm   nf   Contraot   nnd
Party. Pnrm of Tender mny he nhtnined nt the
A long discussion took  place on office of the Assistant  Secretary nt the
*fV.<=   ^onlntlnn   an*.   It   wns  nflsised ■■ lihr""' address upon depnsit  nf Ten rjol-
this  resolution and  it  was  p.isscti   ,nrs  ($1Q)  w)||(,.   ^(]] h_ Tf,rnm..(. _._..
nn return nf snme. or following consideration  nf tenders  hy the  Hoard.
Tnnders shnll .he ncenmpnnied hy nn
nccepted cheoue etpinl tn ten per cent.
(10-ft) nf tho tender. The accepted
cheque nf the succesful tenderer will he
rc-cased nn substitution nf n hnnd sat-
isfactory to the Oommlssloncrs for
twenty-five    per    eent.    (2..%)    nf    tlie
nni'-iint of the contract.
A Fnir Wi»i Clnuse will he inserted
in  tho contract.
Lowest nr any tender, not neoossar*
ily  accepted.
W. D. HAnvre.
Fobrunry Srd,  1920. Becrotary,
by an overwhelming majority.
The discussion disclosed the almost unanimous feeling of resentment of the Industrial element of
the   council   who   expressed   their
attempt to further penalize such
members inside their industrial or-
Patronize our advertisers,
I .mm
Page Eight
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, February 5, 192
Readers of Tlie Labor Advocate are
invited to send in letters for publication in our "Open Forum." This is
a "free for all." No communications
■will be censored so long as writers
refrain from indulging In personalities. Letters should not exceed 260
words. The management of The Advocate assumes no responsibility for
opinions expressed in this space.
THE EDITOR HAS
AN ARGUMENT
■n-DITOR Labor Advocate:—I
•^ have just read your reply to
• my letter, and it appears to me
you have not quite kept to the
letter ln detail.
Firstly, you say "it is not more
work the worker requires but
more rest, rest not only from his
labors but also rest from worries
over his economic position." Now
I do not think I gave the impression that it was more work
the worker wanted, but I did
mean that those who have no
work and are willing to do almost anything, should be given
work with a living wage.
True, I agree that the worker
should have more ros; from worries over his economic position.
In fact I say that until every
worker gets paid a- suitable wage
to keep himself nnd those dependent on him, in a comfortable
manner, not until then will his
worries cease; and when that end
is achieved he will be able to
turn out his work much better
than when he is worrying over
his domestic matters, and thinking all the time how to meet this
bill and that  one.
Shortening Hours
I do not agree with shortening
the hours of labor. An eight-
hour day with four on Saturday
is just enough at any job and not
too much. I say increase wages
by all means, but if the hours are
shorter the average worker would
be miserable. He would not know
what to  do with  his time.
Tes, I agree that working for
wages under the present system
is no good. Give the worker an
interest in every Inch he turns
out and he will be a happier and
better man at his job.
You say "Why patch up a rotten vessel?" I reply because you
have neither the material nor
money to make a new one. Patch
the old one and get a few more
trips out of her! By then times
will have altered so as to have
an entirely different and new
model. In other words you are
wanting Communism, the present
rule of Russia, in a country that
is»hardly socialized as yet..
More Unity Needed
The workers are not organized,
they have no real unity, and the
capitalists are in force everywhere.
What does the "Chink" or "Jap"
care of trade unionism? Nothing,
all ho wants is his work and
bread, and if he does not get It
and has to starve he will revert
to his natural state of civilization
and "knife" some one for money.
No, the day will be long before
Canada is ruled as Russia is, and
meanwhile according to your version we must wait and probably
die In misery before thnt "Day of
Common Sense" arrives.
What I am in favor of is to
stop clamoring for the man in the
moon, and think what is the best
way to get to him! Why just organize the workers of tho country; form a local Labor Party In
every town ln the Dominion; get
the prairies included; and work
in a true, straight, upright manner in teaching the people in what
manner they can get rid of present day methods, which are beggaring the worker, and m'aklng
millionaires of tho capitalist. Organize a united front and by that
another step towards the coveted
rule—Communism. R.W.N.
Our Reply
In his first  letter  R.W.N,  suggested    abolishing    such    govei-n-
eral, Lieutenant-Governors, etc.,
nnd use the monies thus saved
to build up industry, thereby
relieving unemployment. In pur
reply we endeavored to show that
so loftg as society remained on a
wage labor basis It was of little
moment to" the working class how
the ruling class divided up
amongst themselves the fruits of
our Industry. It is true we refrained from going Into a number
of details which, probably, it
would have been wise to touch
upon.
Before reverting back to the
original point at issue we shall
deal with certain issues raised in
R.W.N.'s   present   communlcalton.
R.W.N. says the workers
"should" receive "a living wage"
sufficient to keep him in a "comfortable manner." We agree. He
should receive that and miuch
more, but the very competitive
nature of our social system compels the owners of industry to
try and make the workers produce more for an ever decreasing
remuneration in real wages. That
is an economic fact that cannot
be legislated out of business, but
can only be overcome by a powerful trade union organization, and
even then It can be only improved
—not  removed.
j, A Living Wage
R.W.N. fails to state what he
defines as a "living wage," and
that is> vital, because on that depends the rate of wages paid the
worker. What may constitute a
living wage to one person would
be starvation to another. What is
comfort to one may be an intolerable hardship to his next door
neighbour.
Whnt We Didn't Get
Our friend ls not in favor of
decreasing hours, but admits the
wages system is "no good." Are
we to assume that the workers
should keep on working whether
or npt there exists a need for
their product? In the year 1907,
ln the U. S. the working class
on an average received exactly
17 per cent, of the total values
they produced, the other 83 per
cent, went to the capitalists in
the shape of surplus values. In
the same year the rate of exploitation was lowest in Spain, where
the workers received 49 per cent,
of what they produced. In all
other countries the rate of exploitation fluctuated between these
two points. (Vide Increased Production," by G. Dagger.)
It is nonsense to say that the
worker would not know what to
do with, his spare time, and that
if given more leisure he would be
miserable. At least he could not
use lt more purposelessly than the
leisure class of today does. Among
other things he would have an
opportunity to develop his aesthetic tastes, something present day
society denies him. The tastes
of the average normal worker
does not run to debauchtry, and
the few who do are driven into
it by economic circumstances and
environment.
The Material Is Here
The material certainly exists
here, as it exists in all capitalist
developed countries,, for building
a new social order, but it is in the
hands of the few, from whom it
must be wrested by the workers.
Money—the circulating measure
of value, and medium of exchange
—cuts little ice in such a problem.
When the expropriators are expropriated their medium of exchange will be taken over by the
workers and will be used in accordance with the needs of the
times.
Communism does not exist in
Russia, in that R.W.N, errs. True,
they are proceeding in that direction, but they do not have communism there yet. They do have
worker's control, however, and
are using every effort towards
building a communist society,
ment positions as  Governor-Gen-
Social Production
We are not clear what our
friend means by "socialized." Social production certainly does exist in this country just as it exists in every country where large
scale industry obtains. In the
words of Engels we have social
production and Individual appropriation. On this point much
might be  said  but space  forbids.
Why the attack on the Chinese
and Japs? Present indications
lead one to the conclusion that
"knifing" Is the peculiar attribute of the white race. Take for
Instance hold-ups, or the last European war. When did the Oriental ever exhibit such murderous
propensities as were displayed in
Europe from 1914 to 1918?
We Must Fight
The Editor of this jornal had
no intention of conveying the idea
that "we must wait and probably
die in misery before that 'Day of
Common Sense' arrives." The existing order must be attacked at
every vulnerable point, and everything done to Improve the condition of the worker. Use anything,
non-contributory old age pengions,
health insurance, increase of compensation to the injured, pensions
for widowed mothers and fatherless children, yes, if it will help,
even dethrone useless political figureheads, anything, we repeat, that
will tend to improve the lot of
those who toil. We bar no holds.
Social conditions do not of themselves produce social change. Man
is the active agent through which
social changes must be wrought.
While he remains passive no
change is possible. But let us refrain for wasting our efforts to
change things that ultimately can
not react beneficially to our class.
That is important.
Wasted effort is tragic in the
superalative degree, and frequently it is only by an Intensive study
of human society and" social relationships that we can determine
what constitutes necessary effort
and what constitutes wasted effort.
It ls for that reason We welcome
criticisms-such as that offered by
our good ^friend, R.W.N. In
thrashing out these questions the
writer will learn, we will learn,
and our readers will get the bene-v
fit of the discussion. We hope
R.W.N, keeps up the good work.
EDITOR LABOR ADVOCATE.
Editor Labor Advocate: I am
glad that the two Labor papers
have come to terms, and will amalgamate at last, for one jgood
Labor paper is enough in B. C.
Each Business Agent of every union local could aid the reporter by
sending in a copy of the meetings
of each local. Labor news for
Labor men; no advertising for the
ruling class.    Well done at last!
Tou see the Star; the Sun; the
Province have come to an understanding. They could not all live
here, so they put the Morning
Sun out of the road. The name of
the new Labor paper should also
be changed to "Labor United".
P. DONOHUE.
Evolution Theory is
Outlawed in Texas
AUSTIN, Texas.—Approximately
20 pages of Truman J. Moon's "Biology for Beginners" for students
in the elementary schools has been
deleted by the school board as unfit for children to read. The parts
expunged deal with the evolution
theory of Darwin.
Typical paragraph that has
been expunged follows:
"With an egotism which is en***"
tirely unwarranted, we are accustomed to speak of 'man and animals,' whereas we ought to say
men and other animals, for. certainly man is an animal just as
truly as the' beast of the field."
Any referenec that tends to show
that man evolved from a lower an-
mal is expunged and teachers will
not be permitted to teach anything tn the schools contrary to the
bible.
Razor Wielding Boss
Goes Into Bankruptcy
CHICAGO. —Razor-wielding
openshop employers seeking to
conduct a department store have
been forced by persistent union
picketing to sublet their premises
to other firms. The employers are
the Ossey Brothers who not only
fought the Retail Clerks' Union
with injunctions that led tb jail
sentences for the strikers but sent
union business agent Harry Win-
nick to the hospital with razor
slashes on his face and neck.
Judge Denis Sullivan took advantage of the Ossey strike to declare the 1925 Illinois injunction
limitation act unconstitutional. Organized labor of the state will push
the appeal from his decision regardless of the withdrawal of the
employers from .business. They
testified in court that their business had suffered 50 per cent,
when their actions put them on
labor's unfair list.
NEW   YORK.—bailors   con
off a ship from Ireland tell
Federated   Press  that   unempj
ment  is terrible  in  Belfast,
basic linen and shipbuilding in|
tries are running far below
mal.
Send in your subscription today.
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163 HASTINGS ST. E.
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PIGGLY WIGGLY
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DIGGLY WIGGLY prices are consistently low.   Every article]
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