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BC Historical Newspapers

The Canadian Labor Advocate 1925-12-04

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With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. FEDERATIOF^
•uteenth Tear.v No. 49
Eight Pages.
inter Organizations
onsider Amalgamation
ASKATOON. — Present lndlca-
s portend that an amalgama-
of the Saskatchewan Grain
wers1 Association and the Far-
is' Union of Canada will be ef-'
ed ln the not distant future,
uite a number of conferences
t been held ln this province
ntly, which were attended by
hbers of both organizations,
. all of these meetings have
ressed themselves, as being in
tr* of the plan.
*. is anticipated that the ques-
I* will come before the Grain
-wers' convention, which meets
Saskatoon in January,
he prevalent Idea ls that the
is for membership In the new
y should be bona tide farm-
' and that all future members
Eild be admitted by ballot.
in- the question of whether it
aid be a national or' provincial
iy; it Ib felt that the best pro-
ure would be provincial bodies
the various provinces, with a
bnal council on which each
irlnce would have representa-
this council to consist of
dnclal educational farmers'
mizations only.
Royal Commission Heaiw> Reveal
Abominable Conditions In Nova Scotia
perialists Degrade
South African Natives
.IETORIA, South Africa.—The
oria Town Council has decided
P>ntinue the enforcement of the
ltw compelling natives to walk
he roads and not on the paver
then the council first passed
,,-egulation, the secretary of Na-
\Affairs pointed out that there
I* likely to be a* larger number
|_ad deaths lf natives were nof
v«d on the pavements and the
[jell might find Itself faced with
ha for damages for injury or
I-of life.
he council is persisting in its
TJALIFAX, Nova Scotia—Entire
families living away below the
poverty line, children denied an
education because they had insufficient clothing to attend school,
on every hand distress and an insufficiency of the needs of life are
among the pictures drawn by tbe
miners who are giving evidenoe before the Boyal Commission now enquiring Into the coal mining industry of Nova Scotia,
like a cat guarding its prey,
Roy Wolvin, managing director of
the British. Empire Steel Corporation, attends the sessions daily
quizzing each witness, in hopes that
by a-twist of words he will he able
to bamboozle the miners. So far
his success has been nil.
Regarding wage reductions it
was shown that in many cases the
miner's earnings have been cut by
more than one half. One witness
stated that he had worked in the
mines since he was eleven years
of age, that he had worked, only
four shifts since the strike, and
that he found it impossible to -get
sufficient' food for his family of
four children. Another ^witness
stated that he "had"'averaged two
and a half Bhifts per week foi* the
past six months, while It cost at
least' from'$36 to $40 per week to
maintain a family. A third witness testified that his dally wage
Exploitation of Women
In British Workhouses
iviction of Negro
Killer Sets Record
(By Federated Press.)
3W ORLEANS.—For th*© first
in the history of the courts
dew Orleans a whdte man-Kas
-found guilty of the murder
li Negro.     Southerners   stand
\_t at' the   jury   that   dared
such a verdict.
Ibout a year ago   Frank   De
|ha, a white blacksmith entered
set-car near the naval station
several  companions after a
ft out.   In a rear seat wtere two
Leful  Negro  citizens,   on their
I to work,   De Rocha, remark-
i'that he felt  "like  killing a
ble rt-'-t—W*ar thii« -morning,"
|. af;•Reiver and fired- polpt
ti • Joseph- Baptlste was killed
- fltst*^ Miot,*   Ernest,-  the
eft-tigged the: white, man not
Sdet;;*gain, 'when De  Rocha
again at Ernest* who died a
f.fe^tftte's attorney asked -Tor a
tlon Without -capital ■ punish-
it- - Effort* at* beftig made to
l-'4atf--*ca;itsrf:41i6^(jase to'-the
\*etarr to* prevent a .pre-
ent that It Is-unsafeifOr a white
i to kill a Negro in the south.
LONDON. — Inhuman explanation of women in the workhouses
of Great Britain were allaged recently by a Poor Law Official in a
statement to the "Dally Herald."
He declares that the evil ls not confined to a single* establishment but
appears to be general.
"Many of the women," he said,
"are excellent workers. They start
work at ahout 7 a-m. and go on
until 7 p.m., with breaks of about
20 minutes each for breakfast, dinner, tea and supper.
"Large numbers of them have
children. They came In at first to
the Infirmary. Where they could
not prove the parentage of the
children, these girls, as they mostly are, were detained.
"The Iron discipline preyed on
their minds to the extent that It
was possible to certify them as imbeciles. When that Is done they
are ln for life.
"They have little' time to see
their children. Indeed, I know
children who would not recognize
their mothers, although living in
the same building."
He urged'that proper conditions
of work should be* introduced and
the] work be paid for, adding that
if the Poor Law system cannot
offer better Conditions than at
present, lt should be abolished.
was $3.25, and that the miners
were worried by the merchants to
whom they . owed money and by
their wives and children who wanted more food. _ His children had
been unable to attend school for
One* miner stated that he knew
nothing about coal markets, but if
the oompany was unable to pay
the miners a living wage the mines
should be nationalized. When an-
othe- witness advocated nationalization Wolvin asked hini whether
he thought the miners had ability
to run the mines, to which the witness replied that it had been his
Quebec Section C.L.P.
Expels the Communists
MONTREAL.—Following the example set by the. capitalist class
all over Europe, the Quebec section of the Canadian Labor Party,
at Its convention held ih the city
of Quebec recently, decided to declare war oh the Commmunists
by expelling all branches of that
The resolution for expulsion
emanated from the Railway Carmen, and met with strong opposition, It was pointed out that
the constitution of the section stipulated that all proposed changes
In the constitution must be presented two months before the
convention, and must go before
all affiliated bodies. However,
those who desired expulsion were
not concerned with what the constitution contained, and as they
were in the majority the resolution to expel carried 38 ln favor
to 30 opposed.
A number of other resolutions
we're dealt with by the convention, including nationalization, of
public utilities; abolition of child
labor; opposition to militarism Iti
schools; non-contributory sickness
and unemployment insurancej old
age pensions; opposition to Fascist movements; favoring an all-
embracing International of Labor
as proposed by the British and
Russian Workers, and letters oi
congratulation to the British Labor party on Its success, and to
the workers of Winnipeg for
electing Heaps and Woodsworth.
experience that when the miners
ceased work the mines ceased to
.Several parsons gave evidence,
among whom was the Rev. McAvoy
who stated he had Hved in several
industrial communities, but that
conditions in Glace Bay were the
worst he had ever seen.
Dr. Sullivan, medical oficer of
health for Glace Bay, stated that
the death rate in that district this
year was 110 per 1;000 persons, as
compared wih 27 per 1;000 for the
whole of Canada. Larger houses,
sewers, toilets, and baths were a
£e,w of the elementary needs of the
When Jim McLachlan took the
stand every phase of the miner's
struggle was brought out, and Jim
gave Roy Wolvin a trouncing that
worthy will not forget in a hurry.
Asked as to why he was no longer
editing the Maritime Labor Herald,
Jim replied: "Because my plant
burned down." "When?" was the
next query, to which McLachlan retorted: "About 24 hours after the
'Halifax Herald' had quoted Roy
Wolvin as saying he was 'out to do
his dirtiest'."
Asked whether he thought th'e
owners of Besco should be compensated, Jim replied: "Not a red cent.
The miners have put their blood
Into that coal, it's theirs.
"Step On It!" Says
Mail Order House
Judge Decrees Miners'
Union To Be Illegal
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON.—Have a federal
judge in West Virginia declare
unions illegal; that puts them down
and out! This is the principle laid
down by Ned McLean's Washington Post in a front-page alarm
story to the effect that the United
Mine Workers of America have
been outlawed by a ruling of judge
McCllntic, the most active federal
Injunction judge In the soft coal
The article claims that government officials feel this decision ties
their hands from any intervention
in the anthra-cite strike. President
Coolidge, cannily declines to comment, beyond suggesting ^hat the
decision may be reversed on appeal.
McCllntic rules that the U. M. W.
A. has been a violator of the antitrust law from the very beginning,
and any dealings with the union by
public officials are illegal acts.
Frank Morrison, secertary of the
American Federation of Labor,
treated the* Idea as absurd. He said
that federal judges in West Virginia had been enjoying labor
unions there since 1897.
Soviet Metal Workers
Aid Chinese Strikers
Pass this copy to your shopmat*
and get him to subscribe.
Highlights on Thi*
Week's News
CHICAGO.—"Sixty hours and
step on it!"
This threatening warning to the
girls employed -at Sears-Roebuck
mall order house is printed on
blackboards In large letters as the
bosses' means of speeding-up the
help. For "sixty hours and step
on it," the girls are paid the miserable sum of $18 per week, with bis
chances of getting laid off after
the Christmas rush if they haven't
"stepped on it" enough. Over 2,000
workers are laid off each year after
the holidays.
Fears of being laid off keep the
workers in a frenzied rush to obey
the bosses' orders. Employment offices are packed dally with work-
seekers, standing around for hours
anxious to fill a vacancy if some
worker falls to keep up the pace.
Despite the frequent changes of
help, however, the bosses are bitterly hated, for it doesn't tako .a
worker long to catch on to their
methods of exploitation. Some day.
they will learij enough to become
organized.        '..*.
MOSCOW, U. 8. S. tl.—At its
seventh annual convention, the
Union of Russian Metal Workers—
highest paid among the organized
workers in this country—voted
$12,500 for the benefit of the strikers in Shanghai and .Hongkong.
They adopted a resolution declaring their solidarity with the workers of Japan and China . ln the
struggle against "international imperialism."
Among those extending greetings from other countries was William Z. Foster, who spoke on behalf of the United States.
>on*t forget!   Mention the Ad-
ate when buying,
(By Federated Press.)
" SAN FRANCISCO.—Municipal
railway platform men of San Francisco are asking for a straight raise
of $1 a day. The fare may have
to be raised to 6c to meet the rest.
San Francisco is one of the few
cities with a 5c fare,
  Ford Extracts Charity
Canadian        vow   Dole From His Workers
Tragic OKnditions in Nova Scotia:... 1     "•
Farmers  Consider  Amalgamation  1     MINNEAPOLIS, Minn.—Eighteen
Quebec C.L.P. Expels Communists.... 1  hundred workers at the Ford plant
AMERICAN here were forced to contribute one
Judge Outlaws tT.M.W. of A  1  day.R futl w^es to the community
Governor Asked to Break Strike  2   chir1ty fun(J ,n.thelr annU9, Mve_
Laundry Workers  Menaced  5   ,...        , ,*;-,. ,
Although most of the workers are
_        _.     , ^EITI™ ■   ' .absolutely opposed to the/principle
Womon Exploited in Workhouses  1      .        ... ...   .      u-._|.     ..       ...
,.    „      ' .   . . ,  ,,,, _  of capitalist c charity, thev had to
The New Industrial Alliance  7
A Million-Member Union  7. donate or to lose th?ir jobs.
foreign Tne on,v cllolce tn6y hao- was
Austrian Polico Aids White Guards 3  ftR to whether thev should pav the
Brai.ll Imports Scabs ,  3  *B*-**0 all at once or at the rate of
Pea Pictures of 8oyi<*t Ufe.....,..,..,,,... a BO cents a week,
Company Can't Replace
Striking Telegraphers
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON. — Members of
the Order of Railroad Telegraphers
are conducting so effective a strike
on the Atlantic Coast line that the
company is advertising for strikebreakers to save Its traffic.
The Washington Daily News
(Scripps) publishes this advertisement:
Telegraph Operators—Wanted
at once for Florida railroad service, experienced telegraph operators. Good pay, transportation
furnished. Permanent If qualified. Apply Room 1037, Raleigh Hotel, Washington, or by
wire, at once.
Reports at railroad labor headquarters in Washington show that
the company is suffering beicause
qualified telegraphers have not responded to its appeal. Movement
of trains has become Wghly dangerous since the experienced men
have taken their stand for an
adequate wage.
COLUMBUS, O.—Miners officials
in Ohio are negotiating wage ratea
for men' operating new loading machines. ' The' machine fake's the
place of a gang of men with
shovels. Unions In-Illinois have
won a number of fights on attempted wage cutting through machinery, Page Two
Friday, December 4,1925
l.   v
International Club Governor Asked To
Addressed By Gobar        Break Miners' Strike
Labor's Candidates
Launch Campaign
■Labor's candidates in the moini-
cipal elections are away to a fying
start it was reported at last meeting of the GfeaVter Vancouver Cen-~
tral Council of the Canadian Labor
Party. Campaign literature is being got out, and will be mailed to
the voters.
Owing to absence from the City
on the business of his Union, Delegate Hoovef, president of the Council, tendered his resignation, which
was accepted, and the vacancy will
be filled at next regular meeting.
South Vancouver Labor Party
sent ln a communication asking
that Delegate W. H. Cottrell, municipal candidate for South Vancouver, be changed from first on
the list to that of fourth in order
to change places with A. MacDonald, present Councillor. Delegate
Cottrell agreed to the proposal,
which was concurred in.
Mr. Knight, of the Citizens Committee, attended the meeting and
outlined the proposed' municipal
hydro electric project. He was informed that the Council was in favor of municipal ownership of all
public utilities.
The Secretary was instructed to
write to the I. L. P. in Winnipeg
thanking them for the, services of
J. S. Woodsworth, M. P. on his
recent visit to the Coast.
Communist Party To
Start Study Class
The Vancouver branch of the
Communist Party of Canada will
start its winter class on Sunday,
December 6th, at 3 p.m. The
textbook to be used will be "The
Theory and practice of Leninism," by I. Stalin, and the course
will include the nature of class
society, the materialist conception
of history, the economics of capitalist production, and the theory
and practice of Leninism. The
class will be conducted in the
party headquarters, 666 Homer
The class will be open to all workers whether members of the Communist Party or otherwise. All
students of the working class
movement who desire to extend
their knowledge and understanding of the revolutionary movement are cordially Invited 'to attend.
On Saturday evening, December
5th, the party will hold a. dance
in the Clinton Hall, cor. of Pender and Clinton streets. All workers who desire to spend an enjoyable evening are requested to
come along and bring their
friends. Admission charges are:
Ladies,  25c; men, BOc.
No Alliance With the
Liberals, Council Told
That there will be no alliance
between the Labor Party in Great
Britain and the Liberal Party, was
the opinion expressed by Mr. H. H.
Waddington, of the National Union
of Journalists from Great Britain,
at last meeting of the Vancouver
Trades and Labor Counoil.
Labor in the Old Land he said
was making splendid progress, and
would have nothing to do with
Lloyd George at any price.
He expressed disappointment
with the conditions he found in
Montreal, but stated It got better
the further West he got.
The Council went on record
agajn endorsing the proposed Policemen and Firemen's Pension
The Secretary reported that the
jewelry workers employed by Henry Birks and O. B. Allen were 100
per cent, organized; that the Fishermen's Union was making good
progress, and that it was hoped to
have the Marine Engineers affiliated to the Council at an early
A motion to protest agaiinst legalizing the Lemieux Act in this provinoe was laid over until next meeting of the Council.
C. L. P. Open Forum
The speaker at the Canadian Labor Party's Open Forum on Sunday night next will be Professor
H. H. Soward, who Willi speak on
"Main Currents in Post-War Europe". J. Rankin will act as chairman.
The speaker on Sunday, December 13th will be Miss Anna Louise
Strong (Anise) who has just returned from Russia*. The subject
of Miss Strong's lecture will be
announced next week. The meetings are held in the Royal Theatre,
and commence at 8 p. m.
Patronize our advertisers.
Labor's Choir
Th'e* Labor Choir being organized
by the Canadian Labor Party will
hold their weekly meeting on
Thursday night next in thej Holden
Bldg., at 8 p.m. The Chodr is being
organized by Mr. Bartlett and the
conductor is Mr. Jones.
All those having musical abilities desiring to take part in this
phase of Labor activity are invited
to do so.
Chile Kicks Against
Nitrate Trust Pool
ARICA, Chile.—The Chilean government has instructed its representative on the Tacna-Arica "plebiscitary" commission to withdraw
as a protest against the actions of
General "Blafek Jack" Pershing,
who is in the d'sPuted territory
with a number of American "blue
Jackets" to ""maintain" law and
order for the nitrate interests of
the United States.
Thft protest of the Chilean government comes after the refusal
of Pershing to carry out his promise of promulgating an election
law which Would govern the 'plebiscite." The Chileans demand that
the conditions of the "plebiscite,"
whtch is to "decide" whether Chile
or Peru gain the deputed territory be announced at an early date,
in order that preparations can be
made for the "plebiscite."
(By Federated Press.)
SAN FRANCISCO."I am sick and
unable to find'' employment and
have deWided to end my misery.
The state compensation insurance
should take care of my funeral as
they discharged' me when I was
Leaving this note to the coroner,
A. T. Matthews, a world war hfero,
took poison and died.
Send ln your subscription today,
TpHE International Club of Van-
\. couver held its first general
meeting on Saturday, the 28th of
November at 1 p.m., ait the Ambassador cafe, when over a hundred
members and guests were present,
The: Constitution .of the Club,
which had been drawn up at a
meeting of the Provisional Board,
was adopted, and it was decided to
hold the next general meeting on
the 19th of December at the same
place and to have as speaker, Mi-.
Cheng, whose subject would be,
"China, Past and Present".
After the business formalities,
Mr Jatrinda C. Goho (Mr. Gorbar)
addressed the gathering on the
subject of 'India". He gave an
interesting account of Ancient India, in regard to Its political system, particularly during the Asoka
dynasty. The caste system whteh
had its origin several hundred
yiears before the birth of Christ,
was, at first, simply a division of
labor; no inferiority was recognized. But the system had degenerated, and' a fifth caste—the untouchables—had evolved from the
intermixing of Indian aborigines
and the Illiterates of the fourth
As far as the religions of India
were concerned, the speaker emphasized the. fact that they were
simply not understood by the average Western mind. It had to be
remembered that, just as there Is
a vast amount of symbolism in
Western religions, so there is in the
religions of the East.
Mr. Goho spoke at some length
on the problems with which India
is confronted today. On the whole,
the conquerors of India had made
no great attempt to solve these
difficulties; indeed, in many ways,
India had deteriorated with the
coming of the European. First,
the caste system' has to be altered,
and the "untouchables" have to be
uplifted. Then a degree of unity
between Hindus and Mohammedans has to be attained in India,
just as in the western world, similar rivalries between religious
groups have to be outgrown. India
is also aiming at mass education;
not necessarily mass schooling, so
much as education in its highest
form where Individual freedom and
development are thei keynotes. The
position of women in India has to
be raised, for as elsewhere, there
Is a great deal of exploitation. India seeks to remedy this by practical education and a greater degree of self-assertion. The native
Indian ls also agitating for reform
in connection with the marriageable age of girls; lt Is desirable
that this be raised.
The speaker made a fair-minded
comparison between western and
eastern ideals; the former appear
too material, the latter to unprac-
tlcable. He emphasized the fact
that each race hats some particular
contribution towards international
progress, and pointed out that internationalism Is inevitable. It is
impossible for the races to continue to be xclusive, Hoiwever,
he added, the east does not desire
-to adopt western civilization ln Its
entirety; what is right and bene-
(By Art Shields, Federated Press)
NEW YORK.—Governor Rin-
chot's key position in the anthracite strike is brought out in the
demands of the enemies of the
union that he call a special session
of the Pennsylvania legislature for
the purpose of repealing the,
miners' certificate law. This statute disqualifies any one from doing
skilled work of a regular anthracite miner who has not served two
years as a helper in the same field.
The law wflB passed as a safety
measure, but it serves the secondary purpose of saving the hard coal
men from outside scabs, as long as
it is enforced. Hence the drive
against the law, The propaganda
for repeal was begun by John Hays
Hammond, chairman of the U. S.
Coal Commission at a Civic Federation meeting in New Tork earlier
in the strike and has heen carried
on by the Wall Street Journal, most
outspoken organ for Big Money.
Repeal the law to break the strike,
is the demand.
Hammond . has been breaking
strikes for more than a generation.
And using Plnkertons to send
workers to the penitentiary. He tells
of such exploits in the February
1925 issue of Scribbners* Magazine
in an article entitled "Strong Men
of the Wild West." The "strong
man" he lauds most ls Charles A.
Siringo, a Pinkerton detective and
gunman he employed against the
Western Federation of Miners in
the Coeur d'Alene strike of 1892,
when Hammond was president of
the huge Bunker Hill & Sullivan
mine, still the largest silver-lead
producer in the World. He tells
how his Pinkerton went to work
at Gem, Idaho, became recording
secretary of the union, mailing
regular reports against his fellows
to the Mine Owners' Assocflation.
How the union suspected Siringo
and the diek barely escaped with
his life. Siringo continued his
stoollng under difficulties, one one
occasion using a note book under
a sidewalk-while a miners' posse
was looking for him. Later he took
part ln the armed war between the
company's riflemen—armed strikebreakers Hammond had Imported
—and the unionists, and at the
trial of several jinion leaders his
testimony sent them to the penitentiary.
(By Federated Press.)
UTICA, N T.—Twelve hundred
workers from the Utica Steam &
Mohawk Valley Cotton Mills have
called off a strike scheduled to
compel a return to the old wage
scale. Action is deferred till Mayor
Hilmore makes good or fails on
an arbitration offer. The workers
struck earlier in the year, returning on a cut while an investigation
was made.
Don't forget!    Mention the Advocate when buying.
flclal for one race, would be the
reverse for another. Each wants
to develops along Its own lines,
aided by the sympathy, understanding and tolerance of the rest.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 Metro*]
politan Bldg.
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Paciflj
Bldg., 744 Hastings Sf. W.
HASKINS   *:- ELLIOTT,   800   Pende^
Street W. The beat makes of bieyelei
on elty termi.
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main St,
H. Harvey, 58 Cordova St. W.
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastings St. B.1
Dr. d. a. McMillan, palmes
Graduate. Open dally tnd eten-]
ings. Dawson Blk., cor. Hastlngi ana
Main.    Phone Sey. 6054.
Phone Sty. 7137
Dr.  W.  J.   Curry,   S01   Dominion
Bldg.   ______
Red  Star Drug  Store,  Cor.  Cor-]
dova and Carrall.	
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 48 Has*J
tings St. E.	
WESTERN   GLASS   CO.   LTD.,    161
Cordovt St. W., few doora weat
Woodward's.   Sey. 8687.   Wholesale anij
retail window glass.
Grandview   Hospital—Medical,   surg-1
let),,  maternity.     1090   Victoria   DrlreJ
High.  117.
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cordovd,
Arthur Frith & Co., 2813 Main B*\
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and Has^
Ings Streets.
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cordov
V paired, by expert. Will Edmund
965 Robson  St.    Sey. 209..
Pitman  Optical House,  616 Haslj
Ings West.	
Gregory   &   Reid,   117   Hastlng|
Street East.     	
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carrai]
Street. ,
C. E. Heard, 959 Robson Street.
TOLEDO,  O.—Tom Devine,  SoJ
oialist candidate for mayor of Ti
ledo polled 10,794 votes. Bruce
Smith, Workers party candidate fo:
vice-mayor,   received   4,832   votei
Both lost.
Geo. McCuaig
Phone Sey. 1070
748 Richards Street. Vtneonver, B.0/
Don't forget!    Mention the Advocate when buying.
British Columbia Chamber of Mines
Are Now in Progress, 80 Students Having. Enrolled
The Mining Lectures will commence on Friday, December llth, when Mr. J. D. Galloway, Provincial Mineralogist, will give an address on "The Mining Industry of B.C,''
illustrated with Lantern Slides.
The Lecture will be held in the Board of Trade Hall, 8 p.m..
The Chair will be taken by Alderman Frank E. Woodside.
______ Friday, December 4,1925
: Ll ■■ '       - ■ ! i	
Page Three
- - POLITICS - -
. -*■ i
Vienna Police Assist        French Try To Start
Russian White Guards Holy War in Syria
VIENNA.—A congress or  Rus-      BEIRUT, Syria.—Frenoh tonperl-
lan    counter-revolutionists    took allam not satisfied with the.mas-
Lace here recently in which 108 sacre  of thousands of  natives in
legates participated and decided the Musselman section of Damascus
i form a so-called national people's has now instigated a religious war
iague.   It must be stated that the in Syria.   The French are handing
ustrian government gave volun- out arms to the christians in the
irily the right of asylum for some territory  that  wa# mandate^  to
ays to these counter-revolutionists France by the League of Nations
'hile Is less tolerant with regard and are sending military officers
revolutionary workers.                  to different settlements spreading
The. Vienna police  pretends to faJr->r tales of brutalities committed
liave   known   nothing 'about  this *>? th« Druses,
fongreps. It ls peculiar that it al-     The French in many villages have
ays knows very well about Com- spread the story that in an attack
bcuriists and revolutionary fugitives on a number of villages, the Syrian
lio come to Austria.   The social- tribesmen   hatve killed off all the
femocratic member of the workers' Christian men and raped their wo-
Belegation  which  recently  visited men,   in  an   attempt   to   arouse
Russia intended to report his ex- many of those who are pot in favor
periences to an Austrian workers' of the present French rule to unite
nesting.    He was stopped at the with the imperialists on the basis
vontier and refused permigsion to of a religious war.
Inter Austria.  :	
Sympathy Gag Fails To
Bring Home the Bacon
Jap Textile Workers       Brazil Bosses Import
Strike For Wage Raise     Cheap Japanese Scabs
The Chinese student Then-Shi
bas expelled during the month of
feptemiber because he had comimit-
. the crime of speaking In a aum-
of meetings in favor of the
bhlnese workers who are suppressed by international imperialism.
The list of the expelled workers
In Austria is very long.    All this
Ihows that the Austrian  government and its police are following
lhe dictates of the capitalist states,
|o persecute by all means the revo-
utlonary movoment and to offer
protection and asylum to the Ger-
an fascist leader Russbach and
lie Russian white guards.
prepares For Fascist
"Revolt" in Hungary
(By Federated Press.)
CHICAGO. — Promises, expressions of sympathy, concessions that
they had justice of their side and
the accompanying varieties of
stringing 'em along will satisfy for
a time in place of wagft boosts but
as a permanent proposition the 600
members of the city of Chicago's
engineering staff find them devoid of both nourishment and comfort.
After waiting since July. 1 for the
city council to make good on mayor
Dover's  promise of  a .rush, wage
raise ordinance these white-collar
workers   gathered, at  the! Hotel
Sherman (recently taken off organ-
BUDAPEST,    Hungary. — Arch- jzed labor's unfair list)  and pro-
uke Albrecht of Austria is con- tested angrily.    They had started
fnulng his organization of fascists a spectacular 3-day strike in the
Hungary, with the intention of entire municipal  engineering sys-
pcoming the Mussolini  of Hun- tem on June 30'but the wily mayor
j-,ry.   The Budapest press points and his cabinet vouchsafed fullest
«t that when the Italian fascist sympathy and the  engineers had
Benito Mussolini,  spoke of trooped  back  to their  blueprints
Ither countries turning to fascism after i0BS 0j one aay'8 pay.
liat he had in mind Hungary. 	
! Archduke Albrecht has been in
lie good graces of the Italian fas- Labor Writer KSpS
st and is engaged to be married Dictator MuSSOlilli
the youngest daughter  of the 	
talian king, Victor Emmanuel, if Federated Press)
(e succeeds in becoming the dicta- (By Federated Press.)
V ot Hungary. NEW YORK,—How Benito Mus-
i The suporters  of   "King"   Otto solini, fascist dictator of Italy, was
lie son of Empress Zita—and a humbled by a labor newspaperman
apsburg, are worried as this plan and his friends at the Locarno con-
tlie archduke may interfere with ference is told by Brent Dow Allin-
|ielr plans of putting their "king" son,  an eyewitness, who  has reck on the throne. turned from Europe.
Archduke Albrecht held a con-     Benito is a publicity hound and
ksrence   recently   at   Mondsee  in hei was having a bad time at the
fyrol with a number of the heads conference because the scores of
|f former kingdoms to discuss a European  journalists  there  were
Out of every 1000 infants born ln
India. 667 died in one year before
they were 12 months old. In Bombay, according to the British Medical Officer for Health, 98 per cent,
of the Infants are drugged with
opium by their mothers before the
latter go out dn the. morning to the
factories. This is done so that the
children will not be able to cry for
food during their absence. . Th«
average family wage is $4.20 per
week. Sometimes the miners go
down the pits for 36 hourB at a
stretch with the wives and children,
and they are allowed to do It.
In the June issue of the "Soclala
Meddelanden," the Department on
Social Affairs publishes the result!
of its Inquiry Into wages for th<
year 1924. The Inquiry covered
about 3000 different concerns, scattered over the country, which employed a total of 236,000 workers.
The average, wage per worker "per
year in 1924 was 2300 kronen,
which shows an advance of 111
per cent, on the figure for 1913.
TOKIO, Japan.—Five thousand
Japanese textile workers walked
out at the Kawasaki textile, mills
demanding higher wages and more
consideration from the bosses. A
number of strikers have been arrested following a demonstration
in which they carried banners protesting against tne inhuman conditions they are subjected to.
The textile workers of Jjapan
are growing more restless and the
gdvernment fears that the walkout of these five thousand Japanese workers may be followed by
strikes in other textile; mills.
The average Japanese worker is
forced to work 12 to 16 hours a
day, seven days a week for a small
wage In the cotton mills and were
is but. little organization to protect
them from the bosses, who beat
the workers if they do not work
fast enough.
Doctors as well as soldiers are
Included in the trade union field in
Austria. When a general strike of
state employes was threatened recently, the soldiers union declared
its solidarity in case of a strike and
announced that it would refuse to
do any scab work. Now the hospital doctors union is announcing
that it will call a strike if the government puts through the working
rules it has ln view.
By a vote of 158 to 15 the Italian
senate approved .the commercial
treaty between the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics and the
Italian government. Heads of various manufacturing combines have
been visiting the Soviet legation's
headquarters here in an attempt
to get some Soviet Russia's trade.
Long-term credits have been offered by a number of these combines.
cist couip in central Europe.
Stay at the
Tha Place Called Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
Phone Sey. -8121
100  Elegantly Furnished
IS Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate  Prlcee
giving him the icy treatment as a
protest against his persecution of
the press in Italy. Coming out of
the conference roomi one day he
found himself in the midst of the
newspapermen with not a single
Interviewer coming forward. His
eye espied the flaming red beard
of George Slocombe, the correspondent of the London Dally
Herald, labor dally, and he, stepped
up to him, rasping out: "How's
"I do not know," said Slocomibe
haughtily, "I am not a Communist.',
"Then I am mistaken," began
"That often happens with you,
signor Mussolini," broke In a Dutch
journalist and Mussolini retreated.
Toxts received by the Mexican
news bureau ln Washington show
that the Calles labor government
has signed an agreement with its
creditors, surrendering Its .51%
ownership in the Mexican national
railways, and will hanl them over
to private operation on January
1, 1926. The creditors give up their
mortgage of $250,000,000, and the
government loses control of management.
Soviets Seize Ships
Used By White Guards
BUCHAREST, Rounmhia. — A
number of ships that were stolen
from the Soviets and used by the
counter-revolutionists against the
Union of Socialists Soviet Republics
have disappeared and their disappearance has been explained by
saying that Russian sailors have
signed up with a ship and then
after.the ship was under sail, mutinied and forced the ship into Soviet ports.
The Petr Vellky, one of the ships
used by the Russian white guards
under Wrangel against the Soviets,
waa recently sold -by Wrangel to a
Greek armament concern and after
being rechristened the Emmos was
sent to Costanza. At the mouth of
the Bosphorus, eight Russian members of the crew, who had joined
at Costanza, forced the captain an-d
navagatlon officers to change their
course and sail into the port at
Sebastopol. When the ship reached
Sebastopol it was returned to the
Soviet government.
Another ship, the Theophani,
which had also been stolen by
Wrangel and used against the Soviets also disappeared In a mysterious manner and it is claimed that
the crew rebelled and forced the
ship to change its course and dock
at Sebastopol where the Soviet
authorities claimed the ship.
SAO PAULO, Brazil,—Until recently Brazil has been able to get
all the immigrants she wanted
from foreign countries—especially
European—by the old methods of
false representation, lies and deception. As nowadays much more
publicity is given to the actual state
of affairs In Brazil, it is no longer
so easy to get Immigrants in this
way. Urged on by the employers,
the Brazilian government is now
trying new means to draw foreign
workers into the country. The
authorities of Sao Jaulo particularly aES-plolng all they can to promote! state subsidized immigration.
They have, for instance, concluded
an agreement with the Japanese
government for the supply of a certain number of workers per year.
The first of these contingents, destined for the coffee plantations, arrived at the end of September. The
Japanese government officer in
charge stated that "the men have
been carefully selected, and are
free from all taint of socialism."
Ten more contingents are expected
before the end of 1925. But before
very long—as experience has shown
—the inhuman working conditions
on the plantations will undoubtedly result in these Japanese immigrants turning away to try their
luck in the industrial centres. And
there, by accepting lower wages,
they will force down the standard
of the resident workers.
A split occurred in April In the
Japanese Federation of Labor
which ended Jn the expulsion of 26
local unions dominated by Communists. The expelled unions dispute, the right of the Federation
to clear them out, and have constituted a separate organization at
Machine and Speedup
Causes Unemployment
CLEVELAND, O.—That the advance of machinery and the speed
up systems are putting workers
in the unemployed army while
working those remaining on the
job at life-wrecking speed, is
shown by the testimony of employers of pon-union shops ln this
Seven hundred men in a nut
and bolt factory * are doing as
much work as 1,250 men did in
1920. Other bosses report the
same trend. Wages, however, are
about the same or less than five
years ago.
Military Dictatorship
Crushes Spanish Labor
The Spanish workers are suffering not only from the persecution of'the military dictatorship,
but from the economic effects of a
severe industrial crisis.
The employers are taking full advantage of iboth to attack both
wages and hour standards. Unemployment is severe and increasing.
In the rural districts conditions
are even worse than in the towns.
The agricultural laborer works 15
hours a day for a terribly low
In order to force wages even
lower some of the big Andalusian
farmers have declared publicly
that they will only employ women,
and so pitiable are conditions that
men are dressing in women's
clothes to get work.
The Labor Movement is in fragments. The unions which were affiliated to the General Confederation of Labor have been dissolved.
Only the "Free Unions" and those
affiliated to the General Union of
Workers can function. But the.
"Free Unions" are controlled by
the employers, ano* the "General
Union of Labor" has little following in Catalonia and Ciscaya, the
two chief industrial districts.
In Catalonia the bulk of the
workers are Syndicalists; in Vis-
caya, Communists. Their Unions
are dissolved and their leaders in
Pass this copy to your shopmate
and get him to subscribe.
Fresh Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries .
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
"»•■*,.    -*, 8—STORES—8
tl Hutton St. Esst,  Ssy.  911-672     066 OrsnrUls SttMt   Ssy. 9B1S-13I1
161 HMtlnfi Street Welt Sey.  1870
Radio receivers are to be installed in all rural districts of the
province .according to a decision
of the Moscow Soviet. The apparatus is to be set up either at the
village Soviet or at the reading-
rooms. Radio ln Russia is a mon-.
opoly of the government, used for
education and not for profit,
•Great Britain is not contemplating any reduction in its naval construction programme, first lord of
the admiralty, Bridgeman, announced in the house of commons.
Patronize our advertisers.
Ask for CATTO'S.   For sale at all Government Liquor Stores
This sdvorttiemeat ii not published or displayed by tbs Liquor Control
Board or by the Oovernment ot British Oolnmbia Page Pour
Friday,! December 4,192!
&<UkrU& Tfo^
Address  All  Letters  a,nd
Remittances to the Editor
1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C. Phone Sey. 2132
:; Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
The . Hydro-Electric Scheme
Our Open Forum
FFOBTS are being made to have Vancouver's incoming
City  Council  endorse  a municipal-owned hydro-electric The Edltor' Labor Advocate:
of the autumn social season, a j
dieval  wedding  between  Ma
Paget and the son of Earl
whose secret diplomacy helped ;
pare the world war.   Press
told   of   discarding   convent)^
•jhe bolsheviks have made plant.   The group who are sponsoring the plan prove in their as ^n°graTenl?Vthtfncongru- weddlng garments infavo'.of'
•*•   another assault upon private literature, by  comparative figures, that electric  light and ous,   ~        - - ■    •   dleval costumes ot BOld hT'
This time it is the hired  p0Wer can  _e  SUpp]ie^ a*t a mu<i- cheaper figure  than that our  worship  of the conventional. ^t^ewsta! of gold gfodWof
ment they Have singled out for at-   -----  - ,-----.  -----o  ~   *---.-,   —_  — -   -,,   -__-*_-*  pr^entlal aa tW. porton of the J^^'^-^. ^^
either side.    Such superfluity!
wealth was flaunted in * the* ft
Some of it we recognize in    ,  ,„,,  „„,,  „„-._  ™i„_.* __*,,/,
property.   This time it is the Mreu   ,.      .*   .    . ,     , ,.. ,,        ...   .... .-. _ _..   __.._._    °f red and green velvet rtud;
mei^naiics ol the Fieiieh g^em- ^ Vancouver, "and that  the  Share- Mu<* wf, J""" ,«* thi* ma*.*e roys'of 7earls"acro^ the bri
r .    o > .- providential, as this portion of the
tack, by sending a cyclone, which  holders  of the  B.C. Electric,  which IS a Subsidiary  body  OI ridiculous  often merges  into  the
although lasting but thirty seconds the British Empire Trust Oompany, are reaping a handsome pathetic.
E£_t_ 21K3_2 ***• **» *« i—i -■»p*. wtiTSSrs, IT »*-i'» ^>'«»«°»>
ed 67 airplanes, tore down the bar- Labor's   attitude  towards  the  project  is,   Of   course,   ob- minster, the memberB of whioh are workers-
racks of the Foreign legion   and y.            N      ^ d        L fe       .          ^    munieipal  ownership all W-worklng,   earnest  women ^J^^^^l
caused a property damage of 470 i                         •**   .               .           \                        f                      *■?     h   hrf   t   form, the back-bone of "sh upper   ""**   "e wnlcl1 a
million francs, besides klUlng three of all public utilities, but lt also favors the pubbc ownership ^ aS,uf6"the W;hoie band un. servative critic of English lift
and wounding 17.   So far we have of  all  Other   things  required  by  men  collectively,   and  that derwent the throes of a long two-
not heard whether Briand contein- jj.ese undertakings  should not be  operated by  a  Select  few days mental labor and a child was
BoScX^'iSSS for the benefit of bondholders, but that it should be con- rVV^/ ^fT h0Pe t0
liolsne.iKs are now aiuea wiui uk. , ,.,.,. the tired and despairing farmer.
weather mam it is probable he will  trolled by representatives 01 the WOrkmg class in tne inter-      This, imposing  child,  sponsored blaming the Labr party for deet!
not <•#• ^ ests  Of those  Who  toil.    Wte  WOUld  With  equal   cheerfulness by many "whereases'" as if a law- inS the whole nation what is
american'aiLJen _re chief endor*e a municipal-owned dairy, bakery or clothing factory, JJ^J^^iifi; TTZZ^S'ZX,
among those engaged in civil-  Providing lt was conducted in OUr interests. pathetically.culling on the Govern- Press?  «ea«re,  and  pleasurel
scribes as frivolous and cont
ible.   He says:
"The fashion today is to oondfl
the Labor  party:  and  when :
izlng the Riffs by dropping bombs
it of moral responsibility would
as if one spoke of esthetics h\
Whether any water rights are available for this scheme ment to appoint two men, one to thf lowe8t conceivable Hindisi
on them     A writer in t^ daily ^ ^ j. fc     ^ m(,h fc    ^ j        ^ ^ ^ teach   the   poor   farmer   how   to.^f1^££ °Z.3
press tells of these men, from "the '  ■■_ _ ' . grade his products,  the  other to *»ttmB   .BBIlu™""    *"*    «""-=vi
land of tlie free, and the home of tageous from a business point of View to grab lt.    Sources Of show hlm how t0 market them.      what lt loves ls dresslnS* up e*i
tlie  brave,"  bombing  undefended water power,  although numerous  in this province,  are like     Thus It seems probable, if our !ng'  danclngi  ■eeastlne-. BamMj
viUages,  killing women and chil- CQal minin    rf htg and timber claims   ^^ entirely owned Government be composed of Solo- *JiainB a"    VamP "*'      ° SPm
dren,  blowing up a hospital and . . • .. mons   the   wh0ie   of  the  serious
murdering aeo, and a vivid by private individuals and corporations.   No charge can be __^ Qef ^^j ^ ,^ay bes
picture   of   cliildren   "wandering  brought against either past Or present legislators in Victoria solved and a rural millenium com-
tearfuiiy tiu-o»gh the nuns of tlieir jor failure to generously dispose of our vaunted natural re- mence to reign.
<.™"eSw!! h!!fv n'nthfnir th'pJ'd'nv« sources to private speculators.   But then, election funds must    Yet t(> me u looks «• w these
us.    we near notning uitse uujs ■      r x- ,,,... . .,      .. dear ladies are patiently and in
come from somewhere, and that is a prime consideration.        A,l,inu*,-7 !L!1 Vhl k.,km..
' r . dustnously   pricking   the   bubbles alUEd PIUKTINO TIUDBS
If the municipal ownership of ail eiectric power plant can arising from the fetid swamp and    —Mooti seeond -Monday in tk»-i
in any way divert the flow of wealth from the coffers of neglecting the festering cause at ggMff ^"o.^.'h,?'""^
the bottom of their troubles. Truly ■
"they know not what they do."
I wish, through your column,
about "protection of small nations".
One wonders what the daily press
would be saying if Riff airmen
were   bombing   New   York,   and
blowing up Wan street..  That of private corporations into the pockets of members of the work-
course, is different. ^ cjagSj we strongiy support it, but it must be operated for
W/ORKERS iu British Columbia
111,  118 Ponder Bt. Weit.    Bui
meeting!  lit snd Srd Wedneidiy
our benefit, and not for the-purpose of paying interest to recommend to them the six articles uSnison; s'eo.-Tre*i_i.!' AnIiIT Mi*
1 * * *       * ° 1-...    TtK..      M_.__.1I l_.1__t_.__ J        VCU       Tl-I-..       1K_1-.__._I       at._m.nt -Tnn.-,
by Mr. Stirling, published under the  86** Prinoe  Edwird Streot, VimoB
will   he
proud to learn that bondholders, who are concerned only with lining their own title of "Mind Your Own Business" ftfc.0X_3^__SEft
more of the products of their labor pockets,
we shipped overseas than can he
gouged front the workers of any
other provinee in Canada. This
pleasant piece of news wus related
recently in the Legislature by thc
gentleman who guards the front
entry to British Columbia's treasure chest—the minister of finance,
who tells us that v
$231 for each in«„. woman, ami atteudin   ft t conference were not imbued with a desire to
child in the province, was exported   ,.._" «/.'*,* , ,       • *.-.
d'iring the last fiscal year. Mean- D1~*ld up a mass party of Canadian workers, embracing all
time the daily press amd other shades of Labor political thought, but rather the creation of
"public   spirited"   institutions   are  another sect to^eonform to their particular faith.
The Canadian Labor Party came into being Jor the purpose of unifying the political movement of the workers, and
to enable them to act, in the parliamentary arena at least, as
a unit.   To expel some particular group because their opinions
Any diitriot in  Brltlih Oolnmb
Let them act on the knowledge ilrlng Information ro inuring   _
and advice they will find theirln, « tmSSwU ^"vmSSSTSl
and the dawn of hope may truly tirj- J. Lyle Telford, 884 Birki
appear   on   the   horizon   of  their  u2%ng*'9g££i,. WuF""    **
hopes and lives.    They will learn „. „'„„.   „.. __,„-„ ' .-_,..—
Meeti  leeond  Thuridiy  OTery
Breaking the United Front
. ' therein  that  their  two supermen
'FHE decision of the Quebec Section of the Canadian Labor would be helpless to 'divert the ^^X^'-e^*_L4
1   t>    . ■   , i     ,,   u        i. a' ix! "n fate of the box of apples or bush- Ton,W«l 18th At" EmJ: -
Party  to  expel all branches of the  Communist Party ei of wheat so truthfully and gra-
aiues totaling within their jurisdiction proves that the majority of delegates phicaiiy described by the veracious
and far-seeing author.
collecting nickels to provide the
children of those who produce this
wealth with a feed at Christinas.
During tlie rest of tlie year they
can starve.
(By Leland Olds.)
^HE   moral bankruptcy   of   the
28—Meeti first and third Frldijj
the month  st   145  Hutlngi  W.,
p.m.     Preaident,   R.   K.  Brown,
Oharlei  St.;   lecretiry-treuurir,  G
Harriion,  1182 Parker St.        _
UNION,   Looal   145,   A.   t.  ti
Meeti  in O.W.V.A.  Hall,  Sovmoi
Pendir   Stroota,   leoond   Sanday  a^
a.m.    Preildent, E. 0. Millor, Ml}
■on  itreet;   iecretary,  X. A  3m
DS1  Nelion  itreet;  flnanelal
W. E.  Wllllami, »»1 NeUon I
ginlier, V. Fletehor, Ml Nalion.
pENEILVL BOOTH of the Sulva-
at Roomi (,  • and 1, Mart Ba
ltt Halting! Street W., ~
Hon   An
capitalist   upper   class   comes
do not happen to coincide with that of the majority is to clearly to light in England Nero
my,  whose  organiza- defeat the very purpose of the C.L.P., and to break up what ^Tlm^Z^TltTe v-^S-\-ti^Sg]
_£S_ff35S&E:  f6W   -a11   reSUltS   Canadian   Lab01>   haS   S°   far   aChieVed   - BrltishToniS SSLS t £ SSE^tfi &***?*
of tlie working class, ls trying nn-  forming a  united front. of their  class as against the united face of an industrial crisis that may Btreet, Viotorla, B.O.   Phono ltOI,
other "stunt" to increase the flow front of our rulers.   What a contrast in political maneuvering change the oours6 * m*w it re- ^Si^^v. tSS2&ta?%»4
tt." H. Neelandi,' P.O. ' BoxJ
Meeti lut Snnday of eaeh montk I
p.m. ln Holdon Halting
,SLrrrrr;r,,,foris ^^ *this ^ * ^™ *» ^^ ^ ^ **^ SL^^sStip^ sx »?°
lug thc monieddass In Britain Unit Columbia  lumbermen  at last  provincial election,  When they when the   Bastile   fell   before a
it costs thehi but £i6 to ship u boy canvassed the three capitalist parties for an opportunity to hungry Paris mob. „.„._.
tn Australia while If thev keen him •   "v   ' _ _• _*   _*L      i      i •   j   Z __u •        For every member wllth the will  „u?I0Ni   No-   *}»*~>?***Uaa*,
StmSSiSXK "ll ''IT!***""   f   *»«>   l™*«   »d"^ 0n   their to rule our increasing social ehaos, 8S*',rS?Sr,S
living it costs thein £S0 i>cr year tl<Jkct. The lumbermen acted as a class; Quebec acted as a sect, this class exhibits scores who care Thnnday of eaeh month,
to keep him ln jail.  Doubtless the        The Canadian Labor Party is as yet in its infancy.   Its on*y for the opportunity for satis-
economic argument win be more ideological influence is weak, and its numerical strength small. T^Za^ J^ZZt tlLslf^
potent than thc humane one. „• ■■..-.. ,, ,        ' i ,   ,      .      .7      » ,,     the boredom of a life of leisure,
bo tar it.has not awakened even a modest minority of the    when a 9-month truce hatj just
1 000 is tlie sum thc lumbe -men   maSS °f Canadian workers to the need for regarding political saved   England   from   a   general
'of B. camming to invest in questions from a working class viewpoint.   That the over- ^1^^ XhlSJ
tho "rising generation".   They do-   whelming majority Still adhere to the palsied slogans of last ynion  congress  was  resolving to
nated  this  sum  recently  for the  ,century jg evidenced by the vote cast at last election. prepare for more effective united
1 ■ The entire Labor movement of this country is beset with ajotion for clofr u™on *** ^us'
sian workers, for a break with im
wnh Which Ii Incorporated *
By the Lalior Pnb-Uhlng Oo.
Buiineu . nd Editorial Offico
      1129 Howe St.
schisms, sectarian   dbctorines and racial prejudice.   It con- p^s^ThenLuveTrep^Uons u-i^S^-^-%Ml^^i
tains  all   the   political   Creeds   of   Old  Etirope,   with  those   of  were  going   forward   for   pos<_ible of the farmer-labor movement ln I
North America added on, and an action such as this can only direct actlon on both sides, when satacription Rate.: united suje.
i,„      s.1       jus   _    _,   _-n _.    .i   * i      •       _i       s. x_      j js the press was Cull ,of alarms about     ""»■"•  »f:°-_ w.■'—*_. v»»»«-».
  have the effect of still further weakening the shattered forces Comniunist appeals t0 the army>_
The   right  arm   of  Labor   Is   a of Canadian Labor and transforming the C.L.P. from a mass what were the wealthy  members
strong press.   Add power to, tMs party of the working dass t(>, a select sect, intent upon sat- of society thinking about?
arm by subscribing to THE CA*.- „„m^.0i    myJt-n„   u *    • l- i Tney were thrilling at the pros-
adian labor advocate. A    ^^E personal ambition* by entering parliament. pect ot the firiA lmDortant 6V6nt
erection of a maternity hospital in
Vancouver. In a few years they
will require tlie youngsters in their
business, but are unwilling to pay
their employees a wage sufficient
to marry on.
per year, $1 for six monthi; to nn|
subscribing in a body,  ISo per
ber per month.
Member Tho Federated Praia and*'
British: Labor Praia ^'•^tfi^niitfiii
iy,De^mber 4,1925
■j—pa -   =
Page Eive
j-   (By Prances Wills.)
3AUSE It has.what it calls a
Radical mission,  by which it
fis .that it is out to breed race
Laundry Workers Are
Menaced By Combine
(By -Esther Lowell, Federated
NEW YORK.—Make way for
more mergers! The laundry industry to the fore I Laundry work-
"T EGALIZED  slave-bunting  for
"^factory girls"  is one of the
two great evils enlightened women
pd and race prejudice, the very of Jvfm ^ tightlng. .pr09tltuUon
Jfastations  of  that ignorance lg the  oth6ri aocordlng to Harry ers, watch your employers ^and get
Emerson Wildes, profesor of eteo-
nomics and sociology, Keio University, Tokio.
"Nearly 30,000 scouts range
through the rural districts, seeking
recruits to supply the annual In-
vould prefer to conceal.
[.BECAUSE it organizes under
•cloak of Christianity, thereby
^ing its ignorance of Ghnistlan-
Whioh Is supposed to be above
^or colon
ECAUSE lt preaches practical crement of 300,000 girls needed in
istlanlty under a jungle system
')r other people—and itself prac-
textile mills and other industries,"
organized! * Brokers speotollaing in
laundry securities are predicting
the trust.
The laundry Industry haa increased its business from $270 million in 1920 to $500 million for this
year and at the same rate will increase to one  billion  dollars by
Wildes asserts." "Nominally these 1930, announces Bonner, Brooks &
the   vilest   atrocities.    We girls cannot be forced to telbor more Co., brokers of Importance in Wall
jce, therefore, that the Klan is
sly seeWing the best advertis-
ECAUSE it believes in the pres-
Maw and order, when everyone
than eleven hours daily, but the street. The brokers call the laun-
labtfr laws are so full of exceptions dry industry "the public utility of
that 'in case of unavoidable nec.s* the industrial world," pointing out
sity' the working day may be pro its steadiness, non-se-aeonal char-
longed to 13 or 14 hours, and the aoter, and predicting a great future
thinks at all, belleveis in some- two compulsory holidaiys a monih for   bigger   laundry   corporations.
ig better.
BECAUSE it believes in the re-
nsibility AND the privileges df
average Canadian, when over
may  be  withdrawn  without pro
v.'dlon for anv later restoration.
'•Twelve-yeic-olds who have finished elementary schools may be
/ per ceq.t of the people know regularly employed, while children
other responsibility save that o* as young as ten can ibe engaged if
king both ends meet and of mak- 'extraorllnary   need   arises.'     The
one dollar go the length of factory laws do not apply at all to
and as for privileges, they are* *n>'  factory   usirg   less than   15
workers, nor in any case to Industries   involving   artificial   flower
ifined mostly to tricksters, ga_m-
rs and bandits in high places.
BECAUSE it believes in the Can-
Ian Free Public School System.
They quote a statement that 75%
of New York city's laundry work
is handled "by large corporately
owned concerns" and mention that
"a Supreme Court-decision in the
State of Louisiana has ruled that
laundry combinations do not come
within the scope of the Sherman
Laundry mergers have developed
only within the last 15 years, the
making, paper boxes, embroaderies Ibrokers  state.    They  claim  that
and laces, goods made of bamboo, about 40 cents.out of every dollar
the first place, it is not a FREE rattan, straw or wicker, bakeries, reoelved by laundries la paid out in
item, since every worker pays for
schooling the children receive,
1 much more that they don't re-
ve; and he does this directly and
tlreotly by piling.up profits (for
cigarette factories, wearing apparel wages, including those of laundry
and non-white phosphorous wagon drivers as well bb those en-
Unions Forbidden
"The     Mitsubishi     steamships,
iera).   In the aecond place, re-'banks and engineering firms, a self-
acting the .school'system Itself,
refer to the notice of the In-
llble Empire, the outward and
|ible facts of the case, including
»'recent repqrfc.,
BECAUSE we do not believe the
?,n can do anything to arrest the
|fwth of the "dope" traffic; even
power  of  organized  religion
ants for nothing.   And we would
pise the high and mighty mem-
to knock their heads against
pe walls, rather than pretend to
erfere with the kings of finance,
International Bankers of the
brld, who are responsible for the
ape" system.
■BECAUSE the Klan is inconsis-
nt;   it spreads one doctrine in
country, and an entirely dif-
j-ent doctriinft in another.
BECAUSE ,lt bases its appeal on
i weaknesses, vanities, prejudices
ignorance ot humanity,  and
erefore, it is the enemy of pro-
styled god, and the Mitsui industries comprise the Tokio old guard,
which governs the empire of japan," declares Wildes. "Every
avenue of escape from unbearable
industrial conditions is closed by
legal barricades. Legally, the forming of a Union is forbidden, so that
the empire is a nest of cultural associations which do not have the
right to pay strike benefits, even
if the scanty dues of twenty sen a
month were able to supply a fund."
Poorly Organized.
gaged in washing, ironing, mangling, packing. They pound out that
laundry mergers can eliminate
much Oif thiB payment ,of wages by
ending duplication of delivery
routes. The drivers, of course, can
find something else to do.
After remarking in a letter -accompanying their pamphlet on the
laundry industry that "the rapid
growth and expansion in this field
will undoubtedly lead to new financing of a number of consolidations
and mergers of Individual interests," the brokers say "we consider
that such financing will be very attractive" and Invite participation—
if you have the money.   Meanwhile
The Jap-. General Federation of to*™*™ workers, although they find
that big laundries are. more likely
to have modern plants instead of
dark, damp and filthy old houses or •
Labor', headed by Bunji. Suzuki,
after a dozen years of precarious
existence has a membership of less
than 280,000 out of perhaps 4,000,- lofte. are subject to many industrial
(By Federated Press.)
IAKRON, O.—The Qoodrlch-Flre-
pne-Goodyear rubber monopoly is
[ing a war of extermination
inst Akron union labor. Prtnt-
|g concerns, building contractors
other employers having rela-
ons with the rubber kings are
'reed to agree to employ only non-
rilon help.
000 wage-earning men, Wildes
states. Only 7500 women workers
are organized, "though seven times
as 'many are employed In coaling
operations alone, many of them: underground as In pre-Viotorlan England, or bunkering ships in Nagasaki, Mojl and Shlmonesekl harbors, where photography Is prohibited by law."
The Japan Federation of Labor
"is now perfecting plans for a Farmer-Labor Party in conjunction
with the Nippon Nomin Kumlai, or
Tenant Farmers' League, which
represents some 4,000,000 terribly
exploited tenant farmer households."—Australian Worker.
health hazards. Laundry workers
face the most advanced anti-union
technique used by their employers
to prevent the organization of the
workers; The laundry workers,
especially the many woman workers, make low wages for long hours
of hard work.
Residence. 3544 Prlnee Edward Street, Phone Fair. 2150 L
ALDERMAN for Ward 8
TIE STANDS for Public Oivnersbip of public utilities,
•tl Day Labor versus contract, work for the unem-
Dloyed at the union rate of wages, the Building of
Homes for the Workers.
He is in favor of Old-Age Pensions, and all British
residents having the right to vote at the age of 21.
• Mr. Mclnnes was on the Vancouver School Board for a yean
and haa had considerable executive experlenoe.
This space donated by supporters of Mr, Mclnnis,
British Negro Mobbed
In Land of the Free
Dr. S. J. B. Collins, a Negro
physician of Farmville, N. C, who
was .severely beaten by a groiip of
men who he states wore K. K. K.
regalia, ls planning to sue members
of the mob for damages, and is being assisted by the British Vice
Consul at Wilmington, N. C, who
has protested, the affair to the state
and local authorities. The Civil
Liberties Union has also taken up
the ease with Governor "McLean
and Mayor Malvin Horton of Fann-
Dr. Collins, a Jamaican Negro
.physician was taken from his automobile on the night of September
28th, and whipped. His assailants
ordered him to leave town. Instead
of doing so, he appealed to Mayor
Horton and to Governor McLean.
Governor McLean referred him to
Solicitor Jesse Davis* of New Berh,
who ls now inuestlgating the case.
Although Dr. Collins still livep in
FaPmvllle he has since been undisturbed. He refuses to leave
town "with two years of back debts
owing to him,"
Send In your subscription today.
1MO. MATTER what Pliers
1' you have been in the
habit of using, you should
realize that the new  ,
Is Absolutely Supreme in
Quality and Lower in Price
Phono—Call—or Write, and
We WiU Prove It
Phone Sey. 1428
Hand Made Loggers' and
Seamen's Boots
NOETH VANCOUVER    .Phone 1181
We -BMt Som* Oood Boys la
Cssh  Payments  As  low As *r****
Phono Sty. 7405      18(6 OiinvilU St.
Sey. 486 SS Bastings St. E.
The Electric Shop Ltd.
Soy. 6789    ,      414 Hastings St. W.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
401-408 Metropolitan Building
8S7 Buttngs St. W„ Vsncouver, B.O.
Telephones: Seymour 8866 snd 6667
T*HE voice currents used
in long-distance tele-
phoning-travel from 8,000
to 178,000 miles per second!
B. 0. Telephone Oompany
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will Our* Tout Bhennu-tlun,  Lum-
btfo, Neuritis or Bad Gold
744 Haitingi B». W. Phone Sty. 9070*
Sptelollit In Trusses for Hen, Women,
Ohlldren and Infants
Phont Sty. 8880
069 Bohion Street, Vancouver, B.O.
28  Tears  Established  ln  Vancouver
Is There Any Painless Dentistry?
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
T CAN remember when chloroform, ether and gaa were the tola
agents used to reduce the misery attending dental operation*.
About ten yean ago NOVOCAIN was Introduced, and lt ti safe to aay
that this la ono of the greatest boom to humanity yet discovered, and
makes Dentistry almost a pleasure. It ls a great thing to say truthfully:
"These extractions, fillings, or removing this nerve, will not hurt."
With the use of Novocain, work can be done thoroughly, time ie saved,
and the cost is less tban before.
AUR eye examination is as
*■' perfect as skill, scientific
instruments, and years of experience can devise.
Bird Eye Service
Entrance 680 Robson St
Phone Sey. SOU
WE HAVE a nice selection of goods put up in
fancy boxes for Christmas Presents.
Men's   Overcoats.   $17.50   Ior        Men's Shoes from $3.45
and   other   Coats   In   proportion,
Men's  Heavy Tweed Work
Pants. $1.95
and 2000 pairs to select from
of all styles and patterns.
and many good lines, such as
Bell's, 'Lehant's andStrider.
Stanfield's Underwear
Headlight Overalls
Carss Mackinaws
J ./>*■•■'■
Page Six
Friday, December
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
A VERY interesting meeting of
the Federated Seafarers' Union of Canada was held at the
headquarters of the organization,
163 Hastings street west, on Tuesday, December 1st, when the following officers were appointed:
President, J. Eddy (acclamation); vice-president, J. Lawson
(acclamation); secretary-treasurer, Wm. Donaldson (acclamation); patrolman, Wm. Morgan
This is the first election at
which all positions have gone by
acclamation. The secretary enters
on a sixth successive term by acclamation, and the patrolman is
entering on his third annual experience of lining up the unorganized.
The Finance Committee is composed of Brothers J. Williams,
Thomas Scott and the secretary-
A committee of five members
have been appointed to go into
the matter of amalgamation with
the National Sailors' & Firemen's
UniO|(i of Canada. The committee
met on Wednesday, December 2
and drew up a list of proposals
that will be published in the Labor Advocate next week.
Brother Terry's case of a return of the fare paid by him from
Anyox to Vancouver, B.C., was
taken up with Mr. Wuthernow of
the Coastwise Steamship & Barge
Company when he was here, and
the matter is to be referred to the
head office in Seattle.
Another member who had stopped paying his dues without taking a retiring card, aflid let his
book go quite a lot behind, applied for reinstatement, but was
refused by a majority vote of the
The committee appointed to
look into the matter of new membership books and receipts reported having completed their work,
and tljeir suggestion for receipt
books and assessments were approved of, later on in the meeting. The next membership book,
constitution and by-laws will be
leather-bound and will allow for
five years' membership dues.
76 Hastings East
Ute Beth Batt. and 72nd Batt.
Another resolution was passed
after hearing Brother Terry's case
explained by Brother Terry himself, that a letter be sent to Mr.
Cameron, who represents the
Coastwise Steamship & Barge
Company at Anyon, in connection
with same.
The next business meeting of
the organization will be held on
Friday, December 18th, at 8 p.m.
Brother Robert Clyde was the
lucky winner of a carton of cigarettes donated by Brother Thean
to be drawn' for at the meeting.
Some time ago a report of the
actions of the boatswain of the
S.S. Canadian Pioneer for his uncalled-for actions to the A.B.'s
and, deck boys aboard that ship,
was anything but fair. He is the
type of man wanted by the C.G.
M.M. Ltd. It seems that, although he had beep acting very
dirty towards the men, there were
some of them he had due respect
for, and while at the port of London, ashore with other members
of the crew, he, being a bulky
kind of a fellow, tried his hand
on one of the smallest sailormen
on the ship. The bully met his
Waterloo easily, and on the way
back to Vancouver got very
friendly with the man, or rather
youngster, that licked him; but
when the ship reached Vancouver
a complaint was put in against
the little fellow for giving the
bulldozing boatswain a licking
while away from the ship. The
victor ls penalized to the extent
of being deprived of employment
meantime on the ships, according
to the ruling of the employment
shark of the C.G.M.M. Ltd. The
engineers and mates of the vessels are compelled to take whatever dubs this employment agent
sends them, whether they are
practical mejp or not. We do not
know the man who was game
enough to teach a bully a lesson
that was much needed, but lie
certainly deserves credit. Roberts
is the boatswain's name.
A sailor named A. McLean, on
the S.S'. Canadian Coaster, lost
his life the other day at San
Francisco while working over the
side of the ship. According to
the report of an eyewitness, if
a lifebelt had been handy there
was ,a possibility of saving the
man's life, but to provide work
for the able seamen all the lifebelts had been painted, and there
was not one handy to throw to.
the man, who drowned after making vain efforts to keep afloat.
A fender was thrown overboard,
but the man was unable to get
hold of lt. A boat was lowered
after the man was drowned. We
wo*nder when boat drill was last
practiced aboard the S.S. Canadian Coaster, one of our Canadian
government ships, as one of the
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
American Sailors Get
Their Wages Slashed
(By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK.—"This is a fine
ship your company is getting from
the government," said a newspaperman to the young quartermaster
who was taking a party over a 21,-
000 ton liner on the South American run just turned over to the
Munson line by the U S. shipping
board. , j
"Yes," the sailor answered, "but
not so fine for us any more. My
wtages drop $10 a month and every
other member of the crew is cut at
the same time,"  •-
Thousands of sailors on the high
seas and the lakes are having their
wages deflated an avenage of 15
per cent, by the transfer of private
registry of the shipping board
boats. Working conditions fall
with the wag>as. Deck and engine-
room forces are reduced, maiding
the pace stiffer for those who remain. The LaFollette seamen's act
is enforced even worse than before.
The open shop continues. Both private and government boats are
The ship we visited was unloading goatskins and coffee from
South America.; and is one of a set
of four turned over to the Munson
line for $4,104,000.
Robert Dollar, the shipping magnate noted in sailor circles for his
bum chuck and low wages, is also
faring generously from Uncle Sam.
Earlier in the year Dollar got several ships, maimed after former U.
S chief executives, and several
smaller ships. Today he is negotiating for five more boats of 12,000
tons eaeh, now chartered from the
shipping hoard by the American-
Oriental Line. Dollar offers the
government $1000 a, month rent for
each of these boats, or about 8c
a ton a month, with eventual right
Of purchase for $600,000 apiece.
The boats run to Yokohaima, Kobe
and other ports in the oriental
trlade which Americans mean to
capture with the South American
If Dollar gets these -boats it ls
expected that he will give preference wherever possible to oriental
labor, for such has been, hlis policy
wage earners of the C-G.M.M. Ltd.
calls them.
Hospital  Notes   .
Brother James Scoular is still
at St. Paul's Hospital and doing
nicely, as they say at the hospital. Brother H. Hensby was
discharged on Monday last, and
Brother Dad Gllmartin is rapidly
improving at the General Hospital.
According to reports from St.
Paul's Hospital, several members
of the crew of the S.S. Wairuna
of the Canadian Australian Line
are there. The men's names are:
McPhall, Ovenden, Stow, Howard,
Townsend, Hurley, Larsen and
RSynolds. A visit from one of
the officials of the Federated
Seafarers' Union of Canada will
be paid to see the men while they
are iji the hospital. We are publishing names so that any seafaring man who is acquainted with
them can see them. The visiting
hours at St. Paul's Hospital are
from 2 to 4 ln the afternoon and
from 7 to 8:30 ^ln the evening
Notes From the Campi
■TUIE lumbermen in the interior of      Of course the lumbermen j
-1    British  Columbia are  becom-_concerned   over   the   incr
ing alarmed.    This time it is notflmuch as they are over "findj|
declining lumber prices,  prospec-lployment"   for   the  woods
tive strikes, or labor agitators thatlftha interior.   What these ;
is causing the trouble.   They are paid ls of no moment.   Gd
afraid  that  Major  Burde's  mini- a job is what counts,
mum wage law will be passed by      We  are  further ini'orme
the legislature. "with business slack, and
Of course they inform us that plus of labor from the prair*
they are not afraid of the 40 cents Ing employment, by paying',
an hour wage, because "that is be- under the proposed  min
low the average of wagea in the logging    operator,    for    inj
lumber industry in the interior. . . might be able to undertake!
The opposition of the lumbermen tlcns he otherwise would nl
. . .(is). . .   on   general   grounds,  gage  in,   or  might  extendi!
that restrictions respecting wages scale, thus increasing the aj
will have a tendency to keep out of employment."
outside    capital    that    otherwise      Nothing could  be franked
might be available for developing this statement, which mean
this country." if they can get an overflowl
However,  after  relieving  them- *bor from the prairie province
selves of this "general objection" will cut wages down to the ■
they  proceed  to   inl'onm   us  that ing point, also, of course, fcj
"One  effect  of the legislation,  if {purpose   of  keeping   the  w|
enacted, would be to mak© it more working.    Work,  that is th
difficult  for  the  less  competent, saving elixir.   Verily, the prd
Including learners, to obtain em- wage bill threatens to wrecq
ployment."    Obviously there are a empire,
number of men receiving less than      Why    the    lumbermen'
the forty cents per hour, in spite worry about the proiposed 14
of the assurance that it Is below tion  is somewhat  strange,
the average wage. are very ably well represent
• the Legislature, and Honest!
Sawmill Wnrkers Get        ls not Ukely t0 do anythln*?
&awmm wor*ers i*ex       lcal to the lmnber lnterestSi _
Under $900' Annually it be to pass some ham-strung
  islation like the Eight Hour '
Red Star Drag Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
We Hake a Special Effort to Get Goods Out by Flnt HAU
After Receipt of Tour Order
Oorner Oordova and OarraU
Vanoouver, B.0.
The mail list at headquarters
since the last issue of The Advocate: |
H. Beckett T. Bolahd, A. Cox,
M. Flynn, T. Haiuhah, R. I-Iorn,
C. Henderson, J. Kissock, N.
Jones, A. Knox, J. Maekay, Rv
Matthews, J. McDonald, Allan Ogden, J. Starr, J. Stovey, S. Warren; Wm.' Worrell F. Welsh.
Also a letter that has-been returned to "George." This letter
was sent to Wm. Haywood at ah
address in Montreal. The letter
has been returned from the dead
letter office and will be returned
there lf not claimed ln seven days.
(By Leland Olds.)
The hypocrisy of the attempt to
justify high lumber prices on the
pretext of high wages in the industry is exposed in a U. S. department of labor survey of wiages aijd
hours in sawmills throughout the
Thp average wage of sawmill
laborers, about 60% of all the'employees, is $17.77 a week. This
means Less than $900 if they can
get a full year's work. It is approximately 10% below 1919 and
only 71% aibovei lyl3.
Lumping all sawmill workers together, hourly earnings in 1925 are
78% above pre-war While full-time
weekly earnings are only 68%
above that le^el,. due to some reduction in hours. The advance
since 1913 falls considerably short
both of wage "advance in other occupations and of the increase in
living costs. From 1923 to 1925
sawmill wages fell.
The average hours per week;
earnings per hour and earnings per
wee,k of common lajbor in sawmills
of 16 lumber producing states in
1925 were:
Per     Per
Saw Mill Labor Hours Hour  Week
Alabama    60.4     20.1c $12,14
Arkansas  60.3      26.1      15.14
California  66.4      44.8      25.27
Florida   60.0      24.2      14.52
Georgia  60.2     18.8      11.32
Louisiana  60.7 "  24.3     14.76
Maine   57.4     31.5      18.08
Minnesota    60.2     35.8     21.62
Mississippi   59.7      24.0      14.33
North Carolina 60.2     21.3     12.82
Oregon   48.0      48.6      23.38
South Carolina 60.6     17.3     10.48
Tennessee     57.9      26.3      15.23
Texas     60.3      25.9      15.62
Virginia  69.9      24.6      14.75
Washington .... 48.1      47.8      22.98
Wisconsin J59.4      34,9      20.73
In spite of materially shorter
hours,* common labor in the mills
gets about twice as much for a
week's work in California, Idaho,
Montana, Oregon .and Washington
as in the Carolhias, Georgia and
Alabama. The $l6.48 earnings in
South Carolina mean less than $500,
a year compared with $1.'00 for a
full year's work in California or
Those figures cover. 60%. Of the
jobs in lumber' .mill's..throughout'
the country. The number of skilled
workers in the industry is small.
At' ike top are the hea3 sawyers
whose hourly earnings range from
6»'..:* cents an hour in Pennsylvania
to $1.14 ln Washington with an
average oi 17 cent»
Who   Is   BILL  HUNGt.IU.OD
Ask Any Lsbor Msn.
Housekeeping   and   Trenilenfl
Central—Termi Moderate
Under  New  Management
"Bill" Hnngerford and M.
bridge, Props.
Send In your subscription
Big reductions,  splend
values.   Begular   pricj
$22.50 to $42.50, now-J
$15 to $37.6J
Oor. Homer and Hastings I
The Original
Logging Bool
.. quick Herriee for . Bepairs
All Work Guaranteed '
•fecial Attention to Mall Ordei
HI Harvey
liteMUkod in Taieeare? ia lift
M OORDOVA STREET W, *—— -r-.W^*"
December 4,1925
Page Seven
^c Facts Revealed
.Government Report
,)ON.—No less than 1,618,-
(ions received Poor Law re-
Bngland and Wales during
figures, according to) a
taper Issued recently by the
pient, reveal the amount of
and misery that exists to-
one remembers the bax-
[irown in the way of thoge
Poor Law assistance, the
\ reveal the tragedy that is
tn in hundreds of thousands
telief was paid to 1,800,166,
fan increase of 250,000 coim-
ylth the previous year.
(report admits that no less
10,400,000 was paid in out-
|to  "persons ordinarily em-
f in some regular occupation,
their   dependants."    This
[that wages are so low that
>iorlties have to render as*
re the war, ln 1913-14, poor
jkost less than £15,000,000, to-
has leaped  up' to almost
* meang that the condition of
I orkers   has   grown   rapidly
.yet the ruling class are sur-
pwhy the workers are becom-
®Uii' Coutttr^ labor Newa
The New Industrial Alliance
jmese Imperialists
Fail To Secure Loan
INDON.—The  Japanese  dele-
which was sent here hy the
In government to negotiate a
por the finance department,
|ma!ble to get a loan here exit rates  of interest and at
1 terms   that   the   delegation
^not accept them without rais-
, great protest in Japan.
} finance department has remade   large  appropratlons
liaval   construction   purposes
fcr military use against the op-
Ion of the agrarian bloc which
Ided money for rice growing,
ft' feels that a loan at a high
of interest will seriously em-
It ln Japan if it attempts to
fcuch in England.
iples of British
Justice in Action
STDON—A Norfolk man charg-
Jth stealing 5s. worth of apples
fan orchard has been senten-
two months' hard labor.
feedford widow with five chil-.
I is undergoing a sentence of
nonth's hard labor for steal-
kd.  worth  of apples  and  a
►r Fascists armed with revol-
who made off with a Daily
Id van containing 8,000 copies
Is paper, and abandoned the
fed van in the street, received
fatherly words of mild ad-
Ition from the authorities.
(British Laibor Press Service.)
j ONDON.—Representatives of all
the Unions concerned in the
creation of the new Industrial Alliance met in London last week to
consider amendments to the first
draft of the constitution put forward by the Amalgamated Engineering Union, the Iron and Steel
Trades Confederation and the "National Union of Railwaymen.
At the conclusion of the meeting
Mr. Ernest Bevin issued an official
statement to the effect that these
amendments were considered and a
final draft arrived at whioh will be
considered by the unions concerned.
Following^ the submission of the
draft constitution to the members
these Unions will-again meet in
conference and those bodies that
are in a position definitely to join
the new Alliance will take steps to
launch it.
From the official report no information can be gleaned concerning the fate of the several amendment It may be recalled, however, that the A. E. U. amendment
proposed to make it clear that
Unions called upon to render financial assistance in accordance
with clause 12 of the draft constitution, shall not be required to
make payments from funds that
they are not themselves entitled
to use for strike or dispute purposes. The amendment of the Iron
and Steel Trades Confederation, it
is understood, was designed to improve the clause defining the objects of the new Alliance, with the
object of emphasizing its defensive
character. «
Issues Raised In the amendments
•of the N. U. R. have apparently
given rise to differences of opinion
, between the constituent Unions
which may weaken the action of
the new Alliance, though they do
not ne'cessarily pi-event the scheme
being carried through to completion.
The N. U. R. amendments were
two: (1) an amendment to clause
2, making It a condition of membership that the Unions catering
for employes in the several industries represented shall prepare
schemes for fusion wherever possible, and where this cannot be
done to arrange for periodical joint
meetings to secure a unified policy;
(2) an amendment to clause 6, re
quiring the executive of the Alliance when it takes charge of the
conduct of any dispute to* "work in
conjunction with the Union or
Unions involved."
Following the discussion of these
proposals, the importance of which
is obvious, the N. U. R. representatives withdrew from the conference last week to consider their
position. Subsequently it was announced that the executive of the
N. U. R. had decided the Union
could not be a party to the Alliance.
It appears that the amendment,
requiring the Unions to seek where-
ever possible to frame schemes of
fusion within the several industries represented, was rejected by
the conference. To this the N. U.
R. attaches much importance.
It is well known that the effort
to secure the amalgamation of the
rallwaymen's organizations has not
borne fruit owing to tha more or
less unconcealed differences between the N. U. R. and the foot-
platemen's union, the Associated
Society of Locomotive Engineers
and Firemen.
The N. U. R. executive was instructed by its annual delegate
meeting at Southport in July to
seek to unite the rallwaymen's organizations; but the conference of
the Alliance apparently took the
view that this question of inter-
union relations raised in the N. U.
R. amendment did not come within
its scope, and the amendment was
not accepted.
Whilst the defection of the N.
U. R. undoubtedly introduces an
element of weakness and possible
discord which map prove of serious
consequence if and when the Alliance seeks to act, it does not follow that the new body cannot complete its organization and prepare
to function.
The organizations concerned with
the creation of the Alliance comprise the Unions covering all forms
of transport (railway, docks, waterways, road, sea and air), engineering, shipbuilding, iron and steel
production and distribution—among
them the footplatemen's union,
controlling the main body of engine-drivers and firemen, which
has demonstrated its power of
holding up the railway service.
—H. T.
Labor Congress Again
Aids Indian Strikers
LONDON.—At a recent meeting
the general council of the British
Trade Union Congress decided to
vote two hundred fifty pounds
for the Bombay cotton Strikers.
This is additional to the one hundred pounds already voted. The
India office ls to be requested to
agree to an inquiry into Indian
textile wages and conditions.
The general council protested
against the trial by court martial
of Hungarian trade unionists who
have been arrested, and demanded an open trial. It is also proposed to go more fully Into the
question of the Hungarian White
At the request of the International Federation of Trade" Unions
a conference between the executive of that body and the general
council has been arranged to meet
in London pn December 1. This
meeting will consider the problem of, the relations of the I.F.
T.U. with the Russian Trade Unions, with the promotion of international unity in view.
Britain's Unemployed
Army Still Growing
. LONDON.—The unemployment
situation continues to grow worse
—as may be seen from the following quarterly figures of unemployment. (These figures are the averages of the monthly figures pufo*-
lished in the Labor Gazette): 1924:
January-March, 10.8 per cent.;
April-June, 9.5 per cent.; July-September, 10.4 per cent.; October-December, 11 per cent.; 1925: January-March, 11.5 per cent.; April-
June, 11.5 per cent.; July-September, 12.1 per cent,
During July, August and September unemployment has been increasing in a number of the important industries: shipbuilding,
the boot and shoe trade, steel melting, pig iron manufacture, pottery,
iron ore mining, marine engineering.
Hindu Textile Slaves
Need Help in Strike
(By Federated Press)
LONDON.—An urgent appeal for
funds to help the Hindu textile
strikers has ibeen issued by the
British Trades Union congress,
which has already sent $1500 on
its own behalf These; 153,000
Bombay strikers, facing a cut of
11%% in wages which range from
$2 to $3 a week, are dependent on
the solidarity of their fellow workers ln other countries, Apart altogether from humanitarian reasons,
European textile workers know
"that they must help the Hindu textile workers if they are to safeguard their own standards, for the
competition of sweated Asiatic
labor has already hit them. .The
largest contribution from European
labor has been that of the Russian
textile union which sent $5000. The
Amsterdam International Federation of Trade. Unions has opened
a special relief fund.
The strike began Sept. 15 with
the walkout of 13,000 workers and
spread rapidly and now 153,000
are involved. The laSrt telegrarai
from India* states "the workers are
feeling the pinch . of starvation."
Many have been evicted from the
chawls (tenements rented from the
millowners) and thousands of them
are still waiting for wages due as
far back ab August. A big mllgra-
tipn from the city back to thie land
le reported from Bombay, and 50%
of the strikers are reported to have
left, most of them former peasants.
A trade union delegation elected
by the jute and flalx workers of
Dundee, Scotland, Has gone to India
to investigate. The Dundee workers are especially hit by the competition from the sweated labor of
Locarno Peace Pact;
.   Eulogy and Exposure
A Million Member Union
lunicipal Voters' List
blOE is hereby given that the
Bourt of Revision of the Municipal
■_' List will alt on the tO'h day
Member next, at 10 o'clock in the
Aon. for the purpose of correcting
[■wising the said Voters' List.
I list closes on the 80th day of
|iber, 1925, at 6 p.m., and copies
same will be posted on (he door
Oonneil Chamber, Municipal Hall,
le 5th day of December, 1926.
Municipal Clerk.
Iilcipal Hall,  Nov. 26th, 1925.
PLICATIONS, addressed to the nn-
Berslmed,  for  the poiltlon  of  As*
;;.t Harhour Master, -will he received
> December  15th next,  at the of*
of  Vancouver   Harbour   Oommls-
[jrs Yorkshire Building, applicants holding certificates as
1* er  of  foreign-going . ships  will  be
T-e  following  particulars  are  essen-
¥ln making application, vis.:
J.rti(lcates,    copies   of   testimonials,
filete reoord of sea service, age,  na-
)\Hty and war service,
* - W. D. HABVIE,
[ovember 27th,  1926.
(By Federated Press)
T ONDON—A single union with
■k over 1,000.000 members from
many different trades and industries is forecast hy Ernest Bevtn,
secretary Transport &. General
Workers union, when amalgamation now proceeding or under discussion take effect. Such a union
would result from the amalgamation of the Nationnl Union of General & Municipal workers and the
Workers union with Bevin's union.
Following on the decision of the
National Union of Enginemen,
Firemen, Mechanic & Electrical
workers to amalgamate, a possible
amalgamation of the Electrical
Trades union with Bevin's is under
discussion by the two executives.
Further aimlagamations seem to be
ln the air. The Industrial Alliance, of whose provisional committee Bevin is also the secretary,
has experienced a setback in the
withdrawal of the National Union
of RSllwaymen but is ready to be
definitely launched early next year.
The final draft of the alliance
constitution has been approved by
the executives of the unions concerned, with the exception of the
National Union of Rallwaymen,
and the alliance will be launched
as soon as thte draft has been
submitted to the membership and
the changes necessary in the constitutions of the individual urilons
have been made.
The reason for the. withdrawal of
the N. U. R. is th'at its proposed
amendments have been rejected.
The chief of these was that unions
in the same industry should prepare schemes for fusion, and where
this is not practicable hold periodical meetings to secure a united
policy. The N. U. R„ whlich is an
approach to an industrial union,
wished to give the alliance a definitely industrial unionist basis, while
the other unions have decided that
unity on the whole industrial field
is a more immediate necessity than
unity by industry.
The organisation of factory and
general workers, a field which is
practically untouched in America,*
has brought new problems in Europe. The great bulk of the organized workers' are not craftsmen;
and industrial-unionism Was- long
been a guiding principle and the
Issue now Is industrial unionism or
one-big-unionism. The factory and
general workers have not been
organized by industrial unions but
by general workers unions-*--in
England the National Union of
Transport & General workers, and
the Workers union, operating on
the  one  big union  principle and
LONDON.-—About two hundred
tin-plate workers who struck work
ln sympathy with a fitter who, it
was alleged, was dismissed in an
arbitrary manner, resumed work
when, after negotiations, the management agreed to reinstate the
organizing any and every worker
regardless of craft or industry.
This has led to overlapping, and
organizational rivalries found expression alt the Scarborough congress when the General Workers
union called for One Big Union, declaring that industrial unionism was
not enough, while some industrial
unionists opposed, considering that
the embryo O. B. U.'s (the general
workers union) poach on industrial
union preserves.
LONDON—Mr. Oudegeeet, Secretary of the International Federation of Trade Unions, has just pronounced a remarkable eulogy of
the Pact. In the current number
of th© official I. F. T. U. "Press
Report" he says:
"The adoption of the Pact at
Locarno lays the first stone of the
building of a new world. . . The
work of Locai'no is one of the .most
important steps towards the creation of a United States of Europe.
. . . Locarno means the beginning
of a new era, the era for which the
Labor Movement has always striven."
In* a recent speech Mr. Ormsby-
Gore, the Colonial Under-Secretary,
observed that the Pact "had drawn
together the Westei-n Powers of
Europe In defence of Western civilization. . . agaiinst the most sinister force that has ever arisen In
European history (I.e., the Soviet
Reipublic). Locarno means the detachment of Germany from Russia,
so far as the present German government is concerned, and the
throwing in of Germany's lot with
her Western neighbors."
Say you saw it advertised In the
Reliable Footwear
"THE BEST FOR LESS."    Every Pair a Bargain—All Made
of Solid Leather
Children's Slippers clearing at...  $1.45 and $1.95
Ladies' Sample Shoes, regular to $7, for...:....,.      $2.95
Boys' School Shoes       : $2.45 and $2.85
Men's Work Boots (tha famous "Skookum")  $3.95 and $4.95
Men's Dress Boots, up to $10 values, for.  $4.95
(The Best for Less)
163 HASTINGS ST. E.       (Almost Opposite the Library) Page Eight
Fridaj.,,December 4ril?
Pen Pictures of Soviet life
(By SCOTT NEARING-Federated Press)
Leisure To Read
MOSCOW—Workers in the Soviet
employer  ln  Pennsylvania  would
travel to  Harrisburg).  There  the
employer  met  representatives   of
.__,    ...     what   would   be,   in   the   United
Despite  the  immense   difficulties gtateS(.   the   mte   Federatlon   of
they have been compelled to over- -^j,,,,.   _"
come  during the  last  five years
tlvities at the university.
The basis of this entire student
organization, With Its central officers ttyid subcommittee activities
are the trade unions to which
practically all of the students belong.   -	
When   these   young   men   and -THB 40-week organization drive
(By Carl Haessler, Editor Feder
ated Press.)
Union are finding time to read*
shorter hours and better wop
conditions." '
While he touches on sto01-pl|
honeycombing ln the A. F.'
authoH**!  by  the American t*nfon8 lncludivg miners,-maj
women   graduate   and   enter   on
their trades they are. already fam- _..,,.       . T  u      .,,..,    ...
iliar with labor union  activities. ^derttion °* **bot at «■ Atlantib ^is and printers, and in the
They have heen union members "<*f co"v6"tio" ^ "T to* "■ W; and the Communist party!
*nt1n ll"n      n      <1>I AHJ4.A.     *****      flt'V. __>_.__ _■_*___#-■       ____!     •«-«■»_,_ ...» *.      m t...      ---lit- .*.    _       jM
they have turned* their • attention
more arid more to books.
During 1920, the books published
ln the soviet republic numbered
3,260. For the first half of 1925
the number Is 20,771,    These fig-
First .they settled the .classification. Taking the wage * of a
farm Worker as a basis, they established categories for carpenters, masons, blacksmiths, drivers ";""""' •*-*****""■". '"_"**
..j.w ■ .v , __'__.,    tl06  unionism at the same
and the other workers.  Once this
vouchted for by the Society <***™*-  to ■toed, the  carpenter
ures are
for Cultural Relations which states
that the average number of pages
in books was 70 in 1922 and 107
ln 1924. During 1924 the average
edition per book was 8, 632.
Most of the books published at total
the present time In the Soviet Re- -fund'
or mason to be employed will be
paid at the wage fixed in the contract.
Next, the employer in this case
agreed to pay 1% per cent, of the
payroll    into    a   "cultural
to be used by the union in
classes     and     clubs
for  years,   and   their   cards  are W&ke ahord* of fl««*av« of Drl- Principle concern is with the
simply transferred trom the mil- vat° detef™ aB*nci**' eaeer *° m«ls he was charged with orgl
versity union to the local union f"tente" tne, ""P10*"* ana dra,n in».   He shows that the Mail
them of their surplus cash_ An in- Service, with headquarters itl „
no-cent  resolution  by the  Illinois sas City, was employed by the 1
State Federation of Labor faivor- bury  Washburn-Crosby and
ing organization of bank clerks had mills in Minneapolis.   At one I
the immedta/te effect of placing on H 1921, this agency actually (
the desk of every Chicago bank ex- a decrepit local Of Splelman's ni
eoutlve an offer hy the Plnkertons ai.vo,   because,   as the  Pillsil
a to help meet the menace. Every rresident wrote to the dete<T
Lalbor-Forward movement has as head, "a weak organization of]
with which they wish to affiliate.
Soviet, students  learn  and  prac-
that they learn their trades.
The Russian Crowd
MOSCOW—I have just seen
remarkable performance.
Frunze the Red Army Chief is its byproduct the noisome activity iyp6 is better than a dlsorgaiif
dead. A memorial service is be- of the undercover men. one, and a reorganization later <
ing held. Thte  majteg The Stool Pigeon     But the employers were selij
The Big Theatre is packed. The and thei 0pen shop Movement per. satisfied. Like all detective agen
public appear in paper covers.  All organizing
are* printed in the state or the co-  among   the   workers.     Since   the Red Square is full of people, sthhd- Qn(mt readlng,   It ls ft ^^ of 240 in iabor work, the Marshall fed
operative   printing   plants.    They schools in this district are over- ing out in the storm to hear the pafrea by Jean E Splelmani orga:a. to  the  boss at high  prices
sell at very low prices  (from 3c crowded, the employer agreed to loud speakers from the theatre:       ,zer ,n jmnn^oHs and other mill- failed to deliver the gooda A
up for the smaller books and pam- provide  adequate educational  fa-     All the leading lights are on the ing ce,ntre8 for thie In0 Unlon o( l0wup operative had to report}
phlets), within reach of the aver- clitles for the-children; of all of frUatform,   speaking.   Kalenlln   led Unlted Brewery) Piour   Cerea, & the agency chlpf: "The trouble
age pocketbook. his workers. off When he got up there, were a Soft ]■„.,„,,. worke(r8. Thought copy- is this, who ever had this w
New books cover every phase of In addition the employer agreed few  scattering  handclaps,   ImWie- rig.hted ln 1928 and therefore open before   faked   their   reports
science,  art,  literature.   Most of to pay part of the wages of the dlaltely silenced hy the crowd. te oonsiderable revision, its central Crosby (The Minneapolis miller'
them deal with problems confront local union secretary and to .pro-     Twice after that there were a themffi. the widespread Infiltration suspicious of agencies.'
ing the republic.^  There are im- vide him with free transportation few handclaps and both times the of prlvate deteotlves ,nt0 ,abor OT_      i„ view of the pious reformat
"" "'" "     ""'"  "" """ "   whenever he wished to visit the crowd restored order immediately. ganlzatlong( probably remains un- of a number of radicals In Mh!
workers on their Jobs. Then they let loose an orchestra topeachla'ble with its page on page apoiis Spielman would probably
The  Soviet Union  is ruled  by ~0M of the flnest l ever *^Ba-ri- 0f reprinting and facsimile repro- lftft the extremely interesting
the government and the trade un- And the oUchestra spoke for the du*ctjlon of private detective correb- tory of the progressive insurgei
,„,. nh«,rv Tn i.rtrp fortnrip, th«*« lons'   The *?°vern">ent safeguards crowd,   it was a real performance pondence with employers and the of the Minneapolis-Trades &.La|
t™   °™ZX.„ ".. :!Irl"i I.. T* the Political Interests of the work- ami when lt was over the crowd department    of    Justice,    always assembly which  looms, large*
ers.    The  unions safeguard their felt a8 well satisfied as though lt gainst the worker, vard the end of his book.
economic Interests.    - had applauded. Splelman's preface indicates th|at     The Stool Pigeon and thc 0|
The   Russian   crowd   practices he belong8 tQ what m&y ^ ^^ 6,*np Movement, by Jean E. Spl
self discipline more effectively than the oM guard of ,a1jor ,.f(ltoIaldota ,,Wn;   American   PUWIsnliig   '
vnonnm T**,**1 m"i 6Ver SGen' €XCePt b«t that does not delude Mm aa to Minneapolis.
MOSCOW*—Students      in      the *** England,
high schools of the Soviet repub-      And the English crowd  is  far
more boisterous and  rowdy than
the Russian.
mense numbers'of books on social
Book stores have been opened
throughout the republic. No factory is without its reading room
Red Corners are numbered by the
score. I visited one factory in
which where there were more than
B0. These reading.rooms are kept
warm and well lighted, and during
the noon hour, and before and after work they are crowded with
Workers in the Soviet Union have
time to read. The 8-hour day and
the 6-day week are quite generally
enforced. In one industrial city
that I visited where the stores stay
open on Sunday to ajccomodbte
peasants, they are closed tight on
Wednesday. Wh,fen
cajne it was raining and snowing.
I had to tramp around all day and
needed a pair of rubbers. But there
Unions Grip Colleges
lie are generally organized lp labor unions. There are some higher schools, such as the Higher
Workers Schools (Rabfacs) to
which only union men and women are admitted. In the technical colleges and universities stu-
Wledn^day dents not ln trade unlon8 are  a
minority. x
Membership   is   determined   by
the  course the student takes.   A
Russian Delegation
Buys Blooded Sheep
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON—Sen. Borah, Invited by the official magazine of
the Ramibulllet and Merino dheep
Joins the health workers;  a stu- breed6rs national association to at-
dent   of   mechnacial   engineering tend a banquet in Chicago Dec. 2
Joins   the   metal   workers.   Each to representatives of Russian trade
student  member  pays  1%  of  his °reanizations and -Russian agricul-
lncome   to  the  union.     In  many tural experiment stations, now In
cases the uniqn is providing him this country, has congratuJated the
with his entire income.  (Still he sheep men on their atOtude.
pays back his one per cent.  (Ad-      This *banquet is occasioned by the
ult   workers   in   the   shops   and auccess of a Russian mission which
wage    agreement    or    Collective m*r*e° Pay two per cent, of their PU-rchhised $260,000 of blooded rams
agreement,  as it ls called.    This income to the union.) and ewes of the Ramlbuillet and
agreement is negotiated between Among the students in many of Merin0 breeds and shlpPed thelm
a representative of the employer the higher educational institutions for Junproyement - of the breed of
for whom the worker proposes to of the Soviet Republic the basic aheep ln tha Sov,et rePubHcs* As
work.    As almost all workers be-  unit of organization is the union. muon as-fMOfl apiece was paid*for
in the agricultural university at 8Mne of the animals.
Moscow, with its 3,000 students, Sheep experts frolm the U. S. de-
except for about 300 peasant lads Partment of agriculture assisted
who have iio union affiliation the Soviet officials in locating the
the entire student body ls organ- best ot the large flocks of blooded
ized in 6 unions; food workers; she&p *n the west. The Soviets
coinstructlon workers sugar work- promise to come back next year
ers; metal workers; miners, and f or a larger purchase,. This year's
farm and forest workers. These bw was the largest in the history
groups hold mass meetings at of the American industry for breed-
least once in six months. At these ing purposes.
anti-red inedtemmts, when made
by the agencies. "The agitators and
'radicals," he says, "Interpreted in
the language of the open shopper,
are those striving for higher wages,
Ths right awn of Labor is]
strsng press.    Xii power to t|
al-m by subscribing to THB CA
was not a store in the town that student    who    studies    medicine
could sell them till Thursday.    I
was uncomfortable,  but the hundreds of store-workers were getting their free day.
Wage Agreements
MOSCOW—Each worker in the
Soviet   Union   is   protected   by  a
long to unions, this system of collective bargaining covers the field
of employers and employees.
Frequently the employers is the
state or a state trust. The representative of the workers bargains
with the state as lt bargains with
any other employer.
American workers might be interested in a collective agreement
drawn up this week  between an
employer and a representative of meetings each union group elects
the workers. The employer was its officers and delegates who el-
compelled to travel to the capital ect an executive committee of 11
of the district (very much as an that has charge of all student ac- An Increase in Wages.
Russian Workers Get
Our Sale Prices Will Save You Money
Men's   Solid. Leather   Work Men's Fine Cotton Dress Sox,
Boots;   sale.    $3.45        tan or blaok......  19c
Greb   Worlt   Boots,    tan   or Men's Wide Web Garters 19c
blaok,  .■••.-..•■■■■    **WB Men.g    Grey    Wool    Work
Men s 1st quality Rubbers, $1 Socks                               23c
Children's Knee  Gum  Boots,     ,,   ,     —] 'JI'"'" '""" . ,
sizes 6 to 10%._.  $1,76 K£*   W" , 7^ .<*m1"*!
Men's   Elastic   Side   Leather Handkerchiefs...,. 2 for Wc
Slipper   $2.35 Special Priees on Oil Clod-tog
Men's   Military   Grey   Work Oil Hat* for men or boys" 95c
Shirts .....1  96c -Boys' Olive Rain Coats $2.95
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Fm-nlshtngs, Hats, Boots and Shoes
2313 MAIN STBEET, Between 7th and 8th Avenues
Phone Fair. 14
MOSCOW.—-In consequence of
the - general- betterment of the
economic situation - of the Soviet
Union, wages in almoBtailbranch*-
es of industry will be • Increased
by from 10 to '20 per-cent: "This
Will comelnto-force?with"the<iww
collective -agreements which are
at present the collective agreement of
the.-w-b-flfcTOrh-srs *m*ie****—*—rt- aa
lnc»a«ev'<>f lSAipwttsent.. In*-ancW'
an*vih*s*«rwta_Mitr of-.theTtbnild->
lng-woritiM* an -—team of IB: per
' (.LEVEEANW^Ht*!** carjwwtocs
•leetriel*n»-andpropertym*_r have
heem advanced*-f_»i_->"J64' to" tVtrtor
a 7-day week as the result iSf a
new union contract. Assistants will
Own Your Owi
And Save
Phone Sey. 2619


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