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The Canadian Labor Advocate 1925-09-04

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 THE. eiMiiii
With Which Is Incorporated TEF^ ... FEDERATIONIST
Seventeenth Year.   No. 36
VANCOUVEB, B. C, FBT1:   ,f .oRNING, SEPT. 4, 1925
Eight Pages
5000 Laborers Strike
SHANGHAI.—Five thousand la-
Hindoo Police
Refuse to Kill
Chinese Workers
HONG   KONG—About   seventy
men of the British Indian police
Pt&yer Prevails
Strike Pickets Win Court Decision
(By Ernest R. Chamberlain, Federated Press.)
B.ti_i_.*_._!___.—Dive tnousana ia- fVKIAHOMA CITY.—Scoring the court  was  a   damned
borers p.miilnveri  at  th« Pn-mrfiBr. force from Hong Kong have left   I I,  ^
uorers employed at tne wmmer-                                     .*» v sheriff of OkUWlgee county as and  it wouldn't mattt.	
clal Press,  the largest publishing the service of the British govern- &  t,^.iv^it-l Idwihaker  who did?" the miners' attorney asked.
matter what he
Chinese Boycott Staggers Imperialists
T ONDON. — British business Interests are losing several hundred thousand pounds daily because of the boycott ott Japanese h -    *—„,.„.„__.__.,_. .
and British ships declared by the'   *°"*e   ,"?,"*'   •       •■ 8<?ne.   *on ment ln a sympathetic walk out in  OIfeKt to ^ gjvferi a iiy_- crown "He might even have made it a
Canton government ln China, and strike, derhanding a. hundred per favor of the chtnese WOrkers as a  as the lord of Okmulgee county,"   little   stronger   than   that,"   was
The  Chro!jaDaZgeeS"caii_erence ProtesPagainst the ruthless meth-  and reading Goverttor 1_capp and the cautious reply,
has resulted in the calling olla ods used by the Bnslirti in shooting  the national guard a severe les-      "Did you or your men ever find
p»n t\*is,*io nrsnt^et-nn*  .„  8i,0„* down strikers and demonstrators.   «»•»'  ta    AmeMcanlzatldn,    Judge a   gun   on   any   unio,n   miner?"
2TJ^TZ^J2S Th-e -en went to the Chinese  »£-   *   D<fe   °<  •?.' »  Jud«e  Doyle   «*-   Mf  »»
to London, cutting short his vaca- interL.    KembicW    l„ou^    a governor of Canton and asked him  ho«__a oburt of lipp^Us upheld the sell.   "We never did." the sheriff
Uon, but he ls attaidtb use force j     ne&e  ,„, one     ■       -^J^ £ to ald them fl finding work, food   Pea^ful praying pCkets of Hen-  answered.    "We took guns off a
■aa     <-!*___     1-namtaltlA     ■____ml_*      -«■_>• >■ I _*!      L>                                          * "    **"*■"■      —-—.-.         j*               —*     a—.        *—               • -.*.      si
British   capitalists  are   clamoring
for the government to take action.
Aus.eu Chamberlain, British foreign  secretary,  has hurried back
as the inevitable result would be
a new.wave of revolt throughout
the entire Chinese Bepublic.
the    move    for    the    conference, and shelter.   The governor at first
ryetta and gave the state its first few   non-union   men  and  one   of
Thirty     delegates,      representing thought It was wrong to aid the  *£***»'t* see how "tew and the mine owners asked me to arm
OMIfttf    isST     Li    SS d^rtir.* mBn  but' was moved bv   °rder" works «*"• "« ■#■«        his men,  but I wouldn't let that
Chijna,    Japan,    the    Philippines,  deserting men but' was moved by
**^***n*.*m>i        utt^au, v'a-d        x uaai_ruui*sf9.     •—***"*"*._-"B    -—->»--     ~ — -     •*.—■-    *•.»*»..- —     — ,,
The   London   Times   editorially p^,-   siam ^ othe_.. countrl      the earnestness of their plea which      "Why did you hit this man with   be done.
iannlhnr-1     4* V*i _■*»     a/mi/^ i»innH      *■ **       _T s* — _v -*.*.____       J. ___,_. Ol I       __       __~ 1 _3 _ ____.     — __.___ _-.__.     *»*-*■•*% *>-*. C11__.__.I___.
describes the conditions in Hong*
Kong as "only too distressing,"
adding that "the effrontery of the'
Bed    government   of    Canton   is
hardly to b* borne."    The Times towards chlna   and  deciares the to help the  Chinese  cause, gave  ed.
atntaa        hnni&iinii        .linf      4-V. r*      0niiBn_i  ._-•>." "'..'•'
states, however, that the govern*
ment "must act warily."
No Policy Stated .
Chamberlain has not yet declared his government's policy
with regard to the Chinese boycott. American vessels are not
permitted to touch at Hong-Kong,
but must land merchandise intended for Canton at Shanghai
ajnd tranship it to Canton on Soviet KuBSian or Chinese boats; The TJECOGNITION
Standard Oil, which uses Hong-
Kong as a shipping base, is especially hard hit.
will attend. was to kill them all if they were   y°ur iiatr' a soldier witness was      Sheriff    Bussell    admitted    he
Meantime   the   Soviet   press   is not to be aided as they had no  as-*ed. didn't kpow muoh about the law
protesting against the hostile atti-  Place to go.   The governor, reallz- .    "Because  he  sat i,n  his  flivver against   arming   imported   private
tude   of   the   British   government ing the risk they had undertaken   and smiled," the trooper answer-  guards in labor troubles. He could
not think of any criticism of the
Trapp say striking miners except their cuss-
the.   district  ing and praying.
— "It is a misuse of military authority to arrest men for holding
religious meetings or for peaceful
picketing," Judge Doyle declared.
He released four miners on writs
of habeas corpus. The charges
were "unlawful assemblage." They
had set forth August 11 to Whitehead Mine No. 2 bearing American flags _ anil hymn books. They
were jailed and declined to make
bonds of $260 each.
Grim   amusement   is   expressed
Baldwin   regime   is   preparing  to them food and shelter, and found      "Didn't    Governor
seize Canton. work for them. Judge   Hepburn   of
Dawes9 Plan Threatens Living
Standards of World's Workers
port each other Irrespective of international    boundaries   is
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press Industrial Editor) %
European  Franco-German steel interests, e'n-       This  increasing   competition   is
XX  workers that they must sup-  abling them to undercut the work-  demanding the  attention  of Am-
ers in Great Britain and the United   erican     manufacturers.       Editor
States.    Since the  agreement  bo-  Griswold  of the  Chicago  Journal
«"**  came effective, French steel mak-   of  Commerce,  says,   -Everywhere ^ world war veterans in the mine
forced Home by uie internauonui  ers> ciosely allied with J. P. Mor-  we   see   unusual   activity   among tlelaa at the spectacle of the na-
attempt oi tne employing class to   gani   have   been   steadily  forging  manufacturers who are preparing tionai  guard   scouring  the   coun-
lnterrOgatO ManSOn  d-SP1'—* stamiarus on tue ground*  aftead in the world market. Freuch   for more foreign competition than tryside to mgp up rumored prayer
oi    foreign   competition.     '.today  ir0n and steel exports in tlio first  they have been called upon to meet meetings.    Practical    jokers    are
ao n-zjtst .. .. « ..toi i_r.„i<*._.*.  -..   lai'ge uouations are gouig li'oni un-   iiaU ot ln& led the world. Com-  for many years.   This competition sending  in  false   alarms   of  reli-
Ab IHE provincial Minister of  Jg  fc  ^  ^.^  0  Uoip JjWJ the results ot the .£lrBt haU  __, not confined to that which Am- Slous "uprisings."
tsu.uOU liuigiun meuu workers wm  yeel. they have increased fni.ii 1,-  erican manufacturers may meet in      Kansas miners look with appre-
tncir  striice against  a  b'%  wage  282.616 tons in 1923 to  1,808,218   world markets.    It has also to do T18'0" "P"" the wage cuts in the
cut proposed by the Belgian uon  in 1924 and 2,076,026 tons in 1.25.   with   expected   competition   from UK-an""ia twld^If that goes open-
uud steel inustere. At the same time French demand  abroad in our domestic markets." sil0P'   ">«  Kansas  field  will  leel
,   _   , . .. , .  „ tne brunt of the next attack.
The   contributions   have   como  for iron and steel from other coun-      says   the   department   of   com-	
none  too  soon ior  the treasuries  tries has fallen from 304,435 tons  merce:  "It is not surprising that ' _
of the Belgian unions are   spieled  in 1923 and 408,593 tons in 1924   losses   took   place   in. the   United C.L.P. Preparing For
by tne striKe whicn has been on  to 111,346 tons in 1925. States trade in certain commodi- wl     jN'-aHe-fnl  t IPC ti in
since June 16.   Belgian employers *   In contrast, the department of  ties, as European competition with ! ~      *-BvUUII
Trades Council To
Labor, A. M. Manson, taken
to labor baiting? That is a question the Vancouver Trades and. Labor Council are going to find the
answer for in the very near future.
Mr. J. E. Foster, President of
the Vancouver Local of the Moving Picture Operators' Union, has
for. some time been a member of
the examing board for admitting   .^^ £hftt ^ wage cu(. Jg nece^               b   reports, exports of iron its  attendant  low  prices affected
applicants, to operate moving pic           .q meet competitlon £rom lr0n                              Grflat firltaln and such articles as ralls, tubes, nalls      The coming tederal election was
ture (machines,  but recently was ftnd .^     oducts made by -.k.                                     be and  wlre>    Qubtation8  £rom  the  the chief subject discussed at last
dismissed from this position^by the  ers ^ ^^ ftnd Qermany    Ald ^ ^ £irg. ^£ q. 1925 England conUneni yarled from 10 t0 26%   regular   monthly   meeting   of   the
the Belgian government has aided iost her premier position while ex- below the prices quoted by Amer-   ~reater Vancouvei' Central Council
this argument by ordering a lloat- ports from this country amounted lean firms."                                         or   the   Canadian   Labor   Party,
)ng dock,  26  barges and a large to  less than  41%  of those  from will American capital meet this   ^ ,,„„"!.!.. ",!u! ^°_de" Bulicllns
quantity of rails from Germany. France.    The figures are 842,287 competition, which it is fostering
Expert  statistics  issued  by the tons from  the United States and by  wage  cuts  or  by  further  insufficient reasons were noTgiven  u-   s-   department   of   commerce 1,831,566 from England compared traduction of labor saving machin-
for the dismissal that they demand sh°w that the Dawes Plan is W()rk- wlth 2'076'026 (rom Franoe' ery wlth a resultlnS in",ease in
provincial government, without any
reason being given for the action.
The Executive of the Coucil was
Instructed at last meeting to take
the matter up with Mr. Manson,
Minister of Labor, and if good and
his reinstatement.
The matter has also been taken
up by the Operators' Union with
their Canadian Vice-president, who
has raised the question in the
i Trades Congress Convention ln Ottawa, with the result that Congress
has wired Victoria re the matter.
ing  out  for  the   benefit  of  the
Burnaby Labor HaU
Making Good Progress
The erection of.the Labor Hall
near Jubilee Station, is progress-
If• Manson figures he is going to ing favorably, but there is still con-
fire a man because he happens to siderable work to do before the
be* a member of organized labor, hall will be ready for use in the
and get away with it he has an- fall.   A good rally of helpers every
German exports have not yet unemployment?
been reported for the full half year
but in the fl.-.it quarter th-Sy were
more than half again as large as
those from the United States.
French and German steelmakers
together export more iron and steel
than Britain and America.
Miners Refuse To Ask
Less Wages, Get Fired
on Monday night last.
The executive recommended, and
it was concurred in, that the Party
start Open Forum meetings about
October 15th, engaging one of the
local theatres, if one can i>e obtained at a reasonable rental. Meet-
tings will be held ln the evening
instead of in the afternoon.
The executive committee was appointed as the Central Committee,
other think coming.
The Secretary of the Council was
instructed to procure a copy of the
Saturday afternoon will be appreciated, and all those desiring to
contribute to the building fund
British" "Trade Union ~DelYgat»on>s 8nould hand ln their donations
! report:on Bussia, for the informa- without delay,
tion ,of the Council, and to insert
a notice in the "Labor Statesman"
telling where copies could be secured.
Highlights on This
Week's News
Members   of   the   South   West B<(yCott Hits Foreign Exploiter.
Burnaby Branch of the Federated K .**>. ;               •            r_.
-.  ..     „   _      ... .. •_*           _,     . V, S. Imperialists Jnll Labor
Labor Party will hold a meeting in jam,,.                                          8
Maekay Hall, on Wednesday Sep-       '""■"
Low Wages Undermine Home.... 5
DENVEE,—(FP)—Sixteen   coal f°r all Greater Vancouver riding,
miners of the Crested Butte mine in   the   coming   federal   election,
have been discharged by the Col- Three delegates  were  elected for
orado Fuel & Iron Co. because they each   riding,   Burrard,   Vancouver
declined to sign the company un- Centre,. and Vancouver  South,  to
ion petition asking for a 15% wage organize    campaign    meetings   in
cut.   The company is a Bockefeller their constituencies.
Organization and is the concern se- To raise a campaign fund it was
lected by John D. jr. tor "his so- decided to ask affiliated oi-ganiza-
PftRo  called   industrial   democracy   plan tlons   to   contribute   an   amount
Praying Plckcis Win Decision.... 1  after Bockefeller gunmen and Col- equal to 26 cents for each mem-
j   orado troopers had burned women ber in their organization.
and children in the Ludlow strike. Delegate  Harry  Neelands,  M.L.
The petition  asked  for a wage A" asked tor the £io<_f*to protest
below the minimum line for miners agalnst an editorial  in the Labor
with   families.    The   16  held  out Statesman  of August  21st,  which
reflected on the action of the labor
The   Carpenters   reported   that tember 9th, at 8 p.m., for the pur*
their organizing drive was still-go- Pose of nominating officers to be  Radek Predicts War  6  cgainst strong pressure, refusing to
' Ing strong, a large number of new elected at the Annual Meeting to  WorM j^ho, unity  8  request in writing that their fam-
members   having   joined   at   last be held at a later date. '  .                          Hies  submit   to  starvation.    Two
meeting.   The Shingle Weavers re-                  SPECIAL                       daya iater they were {lred     They
ported almost 100 per cent, organ- Don't forget!   Mention tha Ad- READ THE STORY OF A GREAT are appealing to the Colorado Intention, vocate  when  buying.                            L.IBOP. VirTOIIY  Pnp:e 7  dustrial comm'.iMon.
members in the Provincial Legls-
Two  Iat«re.
Say you saw it advertised In the
Friday, September 4, 1925
High Wages Aid Farmers
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press Industrial Editor)
Notes and Comment Of
Interest To Farmers
fTHE prosperity' of dairy farmers "Evidently people unemployed or
1    depends on steady jobs for in- °n a lo^ scale of wages bought
_.. less   butter.    Even   with   our   industrial labor at good wages. This crease(.    populaUon   we   actuaUy
appears in a study of the economics of  creamery  butter consump-
consumed   37,000,000   pounds   less
butter during May, June, July and
tion by commissioner of labor sta- ini than the corre8pond.
tistics Ethelbert* Stewart.    Stewart
ing months of 1923."
The  price   of   butter  was   also
compiled by C. W. Lawson, head  forced  down  ftbout  20%   by  thu
bases   his   discussion   on   figures
of the dairy bureau, department
of agriculture, showing that the industrial depression of the summer
slump in the purchasing power of
the workers.
Stewart brings out other statis*
of  1.24  produced a  reduction  ot .^ showing that even in reason.
approximately  20%  in  the  coun- ably   goo(J   t*mes   i%   Qf  worker
try's consumption of butter. families   use  no  creamery   butter
These figures, according to Stew- and 14,7% use some oleomargar-
art, support the position always ine and 35% use other butter sub-
held by the department of labor stitutes. He concludes: "It ought
that "the earnings of the workers not to require much argument to
cannot be depressed, nor the vol- convince the creamery butter pro-
ume of employment in industry duCers of the U. S. that any sei'i-
decreased, without its reacting up- ous reduction in earnings, any seri-
on the industries themselves in the oua decrease in employment, will
shape of decreased consumption shift a iai.ge number of the 96%
and a forced lowering of prices to Wh0i in good times, buy creamery
a point where industry and com- butter into the 14.7% who buy
mer'co are hit just as hard as the oleomargarine and that this sub-
workers are themselves hit." stitute of the cheaper for the more
Stewart   calls    this   an   axiom expensive food will last as long as
"which a surprising number of in- the industrial depression lasts."
telligent   pebipie   seen. ' unable   to Stewart   also   points   out   that
grasp."    Attention, anthracite op- whereas the huge layoffs of 1920-
erators and wool millionaires! 1921 included hundreds of thous-
Lawson's figures, Used by Stew- ands not ordinarily employed in
art first called the attention of industry and not essential bread-
the daiiy industry to the close con- winners of worker families, the
nection between prosperity of wage 1924 depression was different. He
earners and demand for dairy pro- says: "On the other hand the em-
ducts. Examining the excess of ployment slump of 1924 caused the
butter in cold storage in Septem- laying off of the real workers of
ber 1924, of 60,000,000 pounds the country. The large percent-
compared with the previous year, age of those laid off in 1924 were
while production remained at the the real breadwinners for their
same level, _S fb'und the explana- families. The result was a 20%
tion in decreased consumption, drop in the consumption of cream-
Looking for the cause he came up- ery butter and in every other ar-
on the fact that payrolls in the tide for which a cheaper and sat-
principal industries had fallen 10 isfactory substitute could be ob-
to 20 %.   Lawson says: _> tained."
U.S. Farmers Cannot       Robber Vassals Call
Make Both Ends Meet       Conference on China
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON.—Confidence on
the part of the Coolidge administration that the 'western and
Southern farmers will make no
serious trouble in next year's congressional and gubernatorial campaigns is melting,away. Reports
from Missouri, (Jriigon, Colorado,
Illinois, Pennsylvania, Indiana, all
have much the same theme. Farmers find themselves unable to
pay their debts and give their
families a decent living.
Secretary of Agriculture Jar-
diflie has released to the press, on
two successive days, statements
designed to cheer most of the
farmers up. The first is an account of a moving picture called
Poor Mrs, Jones, which he sends
out to prove that the lot of the
farmer's wife Is not nearly so
hard as that of her town sister.
The second statement announces
that crop yields this year are
poor; the inference to be drawn
is that, prices will be good.
Production Decreased
Taken as a whole, the chief
Americaji crops, in spite df Increased acreage, will-yield about
3 per cent, belo* last year, and
lower than in any recent year except 1911 and 1921. These figures may boost market prices
somewhat, but they give satisfaction only to the farmers whose
yields are above the average.
Western congressmen : in touch
with the situation are getting
ready to meet discontent when
the December session opens with
proposals for Investigation of
freight rates, co-opei-ativo marketing and the other' usual formulas
0,1.ployed i 1 ti   ' 1 v 111i. 1 _;,  c Isis.
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK—An unofficial conference on Chinese Aflairs is being sponsored for Sept. 17-20, at
John Hopkins University, Baltimore, by a committee including
Owen D. Young (head of General
Electric Co); W. W. Willoughby,
former adviser to the Chinese government; Rev. S. Parkes Cadman,
president * Federal Council of
Churches; and other educators,
ministers, former officials, and
representatives of American silk
and tobacco interests. Extraterritoriality; foreign customs control
in China, industrial interests and
Chinese labor, special treaty rights
of missions and safeguarding of
loans and investments will be discussed with ways of American cooperation with China.
ERIE, Pa.—Nearly 750 men engaged in the fishing industry at
Erie, Pa., went on strike when
their demands for fifteen cents
per hour wage Inerease wero denied. The strike continued for a
number of days, neither side being willing to make any concessions. It was finally agreed that
a conciliator from the Department
should act as arbitrator, both sides
agreeing to accept any decision
which he might render. His decision provided that wages should
continue as heretofore, but that
ten cents per hour increase should
be granted for overtime work.
Compromise Is virtual death; it
is the pact between cowardice and
comfort, under the title of expediency.—George Meredith.
•Si'inl 111 lour ,-.iium.1 union 'today
(By Timothy Hay)
The serious position iii which,
tiie ueriy growers 01._this province fmu cnemselves is anutnei- example of tiie iaiiure to tiring re-*
uei to us larmers through cooperative undertakings under tne present system, aiuiougn _ nave no
doubt some will point to tne great
success achieved through co-operative etlort in other countries. To
those 1 would say tnat present
conditions in Canada can scarcely
be compared to conditions prevailing in these countries at the time
of the commencement of their cooperative enterprises. The strangle
hold which capitalism has on this
country was forcibly placed before the farmers of a. (J., at their
convention held in Vancouver last
February, by Mr. C. 13. Whitney
Griffiths, of tlie Advisory Board of
Farmers' Institutes, who in making an appeal for closer union and
co-operation among the farmers
stated that he was in possession of
definite proof that deliberate attempts had been made by big busi ■
ness interests to hold up shipments
of goods in transit to co-operative
undertakings. The holding up of
goods would certaiilly cause disruption, and dissatisfaction among cooperative patrons, and thus put the
co-ops, out of business.
•    »    »
The withholding of credit from
co-operative effort is another very
serious block, as the berry growers
have found out. U. S. larmers
thought that the formation of a
gigantic co-operative company
would solve their problems, but
they are now finding out that capital is not forthcoming, and the
big business interests who control
the present system are pointing out
through the columns of their highly subsidized press that the failure
is because of lack of interest
among farmers. I say that this is
not the case, because no matter
how interested farmers may be in
co-operative effort, it is impossible
under the present system for them
to carry on. The only solution to
our difficulties is a complete
change in the present social order,
and to accomplish this it is necessary for farmer and labor groups
to work as one unit.
Production statistics for B. C.
show that production in this province is practically at a stand still,
although by a manipulation of the
figures in the published report it
is made to show some little improvement. This report is a very
poor advertisement for B. C, and
its government, considering the enormous sums of money it is spending, and the way our taxation is
increasing. Agriculture in B. C. is
at a standstil notwithstanding the
statement of the Hon. E. D. Barrow, who says we are importing
millions of dollars worth of agricultural products, which, he says,
could and should be produced in
this province. Why then is it not
produced here? Because the greatest factor is that conditions in B.
C. are not conducive to more production, and the Dent, of Agriculture, led by E. D. Barrow, is doing
nothing to improve these conditions.
»    •    »
Returned soldiers who were induced to take up land, under the
Soldiers' Settlement Board, in this
province, and who are doing their
utmost to "make good," are being
harassed for money by.letters from
certain officials. The other day I
read a letter sent to one of these
soldier settlers, and knowing personally the conditions of this man
and his family, and the efforts
they are making, I say lt is a dis-
, j (va(  gu^u.  icttnr*, cj.o'.'lrl   b"
FARGO, N. D—The-state agricultural college here lias determined by scientific investigation that
it cost the North Dakota farmer
this year $1.12 to raise a bushel of
wheat. From this it is interesting
to figure out what the approximate
earnings of the wheat farmer are.
The average primary market
price for wheat this fall is not
likely to exceed $1.45 per bushel,
so-that the farmer in North Dakota will earn profits of 33 cents per
bushel. The average yield ptr acre
for the state will not go above 12
bushels. On a wheat crop of 100
acres, therefdrei the net earnings
are $396 on 200 acres $792. The
average farmer in the state will
scarcely earn net profits of $500 on
his wheat. It should be observed
that in North Dakota wheat is the
principal crop, and''many farmers
depend entirely on this crop for
their income.
According to the estimate made
by the department of agriculture
at Washington, D. C, the wheat
crop in North Dakota for 1925 will
yield 102,134, 000 bushels, and at
33 cents per bushel the net earnings to the farmers of the state
will be.$33,704,220. This amount
is not sufficient to pay the back
taxes and the back interest that
the farmers owe, and from this
fact we may get some idea of what
the farmers here are up against.
Nothing useful can be poured into
a vessel that is already full of
what is., useless.. . We must first
empty out what is useless.—Tolstoy.
Send ln Tour Subscription Today.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 Metro-
politan Bldg. ■
Vancouver'Turkish Baths, Paelfle
Bldg., 744 Hartings St. W.
HASKINS   &   ELLIOTT,   800   Pender
Street W. The belt makei of bicycles
on easy terms.
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main St.
H. Harvey, 58 Cordova St. W.
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastings St. B.
Hannah Lund, 924 Birki Bldg., givei
instant relief; evening! by appointment.
Sey.   1213. "
Graduate. Open dally arid evenings. Dawson Blk., cor. Hastinga and
Main.    Phone Sey. 6954.
Phone Sey. 7137
Dr.  W.  J.  Curry,   301  Dominion
Red  Star Drug Store,  Cor.  Cor-
dova and Carrall. .
Cordova St. W„ few doors weat of
Woodward's. Sey. 8687. Wholesale and
retail window  glass.
Grandview Hospital—Medical, surgical, maternity. 1090 Victoria Drive.
High.  1.7.
Can Be Relieved
Tha new Continental Remedy ealled
"LARMALENE"  (Regd.)
Is a simple, harmless home treatment
which absolutely relievea deafness,
noises in the head, eto, Mo expen-
sive appliances needed for this new
Ointment, instantly operates npon the
affected parts with complete and permanent success. Scores, of wonderful cases reported.       ,  .,
Mrs. E. Crowe, of Whitehorse
Road, Croydon, writes: "I am pleased to tell you that the small tin of
ointment you sent to me at Ventnor
has proved a complete succoss, my
hearing is now quite -normal and the
horrible head noises have ceased.
The sctlon of this new remedy most
be very remarkable, for I have been
tronbled with theae complaints for
nearly 10 years and have had some
of the very best medical advice, together with other expensive ear instruments, all to no purpose, I nsed
hardly say how very grateful I am,
(or my life has undergone an entire
Try one box today, which can be
forwarded to any address on receipt
of money order for $1.00. There is
nothing better at, any price. Addreu
orders to Manager "LARMALENE
Co., Deal, Kent, England.
Famous   Cloak   &
Suit  Co.,    619
Hastings West.
Hudsons Bay Coy.,
Granville St.
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cordova
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main St.
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and Hastings Streets.
W. B. Brummitt, 18-20 Cordova
V paired, by expert. Will Edmunds,
965  Robson   St.     Sey.  2094.
Pitman Optical House, 615 Hastings West.
Gregory & Reid, 117 Hastings
Street East.	
Canada Pride Bange Co., 346 Hast-
lngs Street East. ■
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carrall
C. E. Heard, 959 Bobson Street.    !
HOW can we sell good solid leather shoes so -cheaply?
It's no secret! Away from the high rent district—
small profits—quick turnover. That's all. You don't
pay a proportion of a huge rent when you buy at
Kibler's Shoeteria.
The school boy Is particularly" hard
on shoes. He needs SOLID LEATHER. Cast iron would be best, but
they are not made that way. Our
guaranteed Solid Leather 1. the next
best thing. Prices at least 20% less
than elsewhere.
Sizes 11 to 13%
Sizes 1 to 5%   $2.95
1 $2.45
MEN'S WORKING SHOES-Solid leather and waterproof  $3.95, $4.45, $4.95
A special line of Sample Shoes at half price.   You are in luck
if you cnn wear 6*-/2, 7 or 71,4* It will pay you to get two or
three pairs.
Almost Opposi.c the Library   .
J 63 HASTINOS STREET EAST Friday, September 4, 1925
Page Thret
• - POLITICS - -
Native Editor Jailed       Labor Spokesman At
By U.S. Imperialists    Mexican Embassy, D.C.
mln, former judge of district pourt, Ambassador Tellez, when he open-
Virgin Islands, ls officially repres- ed the new embassy building pur-
sentlng the people of these for- chased by the Mexican goverrt-
mer Danish islands purchased ment, last year, to celebrate recog-
elghty years ago by the United nition of the revolutionary regime
States and is planning, to present in his country by the United States,
the islanders' case to president gave a reception to trade union
Coolidge at Swampscott, Mass. Mai- leaders in honor of Gen. Calles,
mln says that the Virgin Islands then president-elect. Calles was
residents want a civil government visiting Washington, on his way
instead of the U.S. Navy rule they home from a triumphal visit to
have  had  for  eight   years.    The  Europe.
islanders demand the immediate Now Tellez has held another re-
executive removal of George Wash- ception, and again ilt:is trade union
ing Williams, present judge of the spokesmen who,: are the Invited
district. guests.   They came to meet Luis N.
On of the chief protests against
judge Williams is based on his ar-
ltrary action in the case of Rothschild Francis, editor The Eman-
anclpator, a native paper. Williams
refused the edtor a Jury trial and
sentenced Francis for contempt
when the latter attacked Williams
editorially for his policies and his
denial of jury trial.   Williams del-
Workers' Government      United States Boasts
Restores Wage Scales        Lowest Labor Costs
The Executive Committee of the
Union of Employees of Chile has
decided to study certain questions
of a social nature in view of the
congress that it ls organizing for
HOBART, Tasmania.—The Tas-
manian Labor government has restored to the teachers all decreases ln their wages imposed by the
old anti-Labor government. All
school teachers are in the School
WASHINGTON—The labor cost
of production ln America is less
than in any .other country in the
world, according to figures used
by Samuel Vauclaln, head of the
Baldwin Locomotive works.  More
next September.    The building of Teachers,   Unlorl|   to   whioh   the  and   better   machinery,   and   not
cheaper houses, co-operative pur-
government   has   granted   prefer-  the tariff- Wall, is what keeps Am-
chase of provisions, establishment enee  of empIoyment>    Reductions  erican    business "Profitable
of a bank for employees, improve
ment of technical institutions, and
a thorough study of the law dealing  with   private   employees   are
among the subjects to be studied.
in the wages of other government  pared with' foreign industry, says
workers have also been set aside.
Taxation on the workers has been
lightened; relief work for the unemployed has been provided; com-
  pensation granted for occupation-
RUSSIA                        al diseases, and dental and med-
The - delegation of French, Bel- lcal    clinics    established    in    all
Morones, former secretary of the g(an ana German teachers has ar- schools in the state.
Mexican   General   Federation    of rived  in  Leningrad  to  study the ment also gives preference to un
Labor and now a member of the 8ystem of people's education in the ion Police,
cabinet at Mexico City. Soviet Union.    Some thousands of 	
American Capitalists
Russian teachers assembled at the ]\ru0.|.n D |>   Pnrfpre
station with red flags and emblems
to welcome the delegation which
Parade Their..Wealth consists of 38 members. Leningrad
■ ,•/ welcomed   the   representatives   of
an expert for the National Association of Manufactures. Vauclaln
recently wrote this expert that the
11,000 men employed by his company perform—with the aid of
machinery—as much work as
would be done by sheer muscular
The govern- exertion by 135,000 men. Figuring
$4 a day as the wage for his 11,-
000 men, Vauclaln showed that
the labor . cost of production in
this country, measured in wages
for merfe  muscle,  was  less than
NEW YORK.—Locals  1  and  2,
NBW   YORK.—Fifteen   million  the organized French, Belgian and  Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Por-
egates his authority to his clerk dol,arB,   worth  of  visiting  yachts  German teachers with cheers and ters>  are the  flrst results  of the
whenever he does not care to hold wffl be anohored around the three  the singing of the International.      orf?anizati0n    meeting    of
court   himself,   Malmin    charges, m„e oourse of the gold cup raoes
saying that the clerk  "knows no on Manhasset Bay, announces the
more law than my grip." "I also go,a oup regatta publicity expert,
understand that he (Williams) has The  $15|000|000 investment is di-
founded   a   quasi-corporation   for _,lae)J amonf_ 2000 of these pleas_
commercial exploitation, using the we oraft of the wealthy.    ..More
Judicial  office  of the  Judge and ^ 20Q __.,„ be tl0B_{lng pa_aces,
the power of the Superintendent of _^   a„   the   conv^nIences   of   a
the  Police  for this exploitation," modern home>„ the publioIty man
Organize New Union almost ^ywhere elae-
New York Teachers
 ;— Pullman porters held  in Harlem.
ARGENTINA Over   200   porters   joined   and   a
The first contingent of a group campaign to secure the total 2000
which "it   fs  said   will   eventually ot  the   metropolitan   district   and
Malmin states.
Catalonians Protest
Spanish Dictatorship
NEW YORK.—"Spain's present
government Is based upon the iegger."
most flagrant negation of the people's rights," declares the Cata-
lonlan Cultural Committee's Overseas letter from Madrid. "In September, 1923, a group of insurgent generals seized by force the
government of Spain and formed
a military dictatorship, after sup-
declares, forgetting that the average modern home is far ■ from a
palace. While Col. Jesse J. Vincent's workers continue their labor on his Packard - motor cars,
the "Colonel" will himself drive
Caleb  Bragg's boat  "Baby  Boot-
comprise 350 persons arrived recently from Germany on their way
to a new settlement in .the Province of Entre Rios. It is said
they are expert farmers, with enough capital to make first payments on 250-acre tracts of land,
12,000 of the whole country will
be launched. More pay and better working conditions are to be
the porters' demands, and the
abolition of the Pullman company
union, which does not represent
the   workers'   interests.     A   fifty
upon which they have already gone Per cent- increase in pay for 240
to  work.    The  remainder  of the
group is expected in about a month.
hours a. month work will be askec"
when the organization has growr
to sufficient strength to make itf
demands felt. Porters make from
$60   to   $90  maximum   a   month,
—_______—.  *____ importation  is reported of with tips growing smaller.
Fio-llf Fflfiri-ati Moh' a considerable number of Anamite 	
J.lgni raSCISU 1UUD,     _ laborers,    male   and    female,    to
N. J. Italians Jailed French   Oceania,   brought  to  the
  Colony by the Government and un-
(By Federated Press.) der  contract   to   remain   for  five
NEWARK,   N.J.—Almost" daily years-    The men are to be Paia a
N.Y. Workers Ask For
Blanket Compensation
arrests are being made, of Italian  wage of 12 piasters  (120 francs)
pressing the constitutional guaran- wopkerB  who  participated  in  the and   the   women   9   piasters   (90
meeting at which Socialist Deputy  francs)  per month.
tees, violating the most element
ary rights of man and destroving
every vestige of personal freedom.
The right of criticism is non-existent, The last general elections
were held ln the spring of 1923.
Parliament has been suppressed."
Dictator Primo de Rivera's Rif-
fian campaign In Morocco is attacked, and it ls stated that 21,000
men were killed, wounded and
imprisoned in the western zone.
Vincenzo Vacirca was to speak
and- which was broken up by the
invasion of some 60 fascisti. Warrants are out for all those known
to have attended the meeting.
Vavirca was telling his audience why he was late, explaining
that   fascisti   had
It was from the turning of necessary work into amusement that art
w»s finally born.—William Morris.
The directors of the Amalgamated Southern Railways have issued an appeal to all the employees to agree to a voluntary reduction of 5 per cent, in wages. The
followed him appeal carries the promise that if
from New York onto the Newark the workers will accept the reduc-
train, when the band broke into tion the directors will give them-
his meeting. Vacirca got off the seiVes a reduction too!
train   one   stop   before   Newark, 	
SYRACUSE, N. Y.—(FP)—Sup-|
port of a blanket occupational dis
ease law will be one of the main
points in the New York state federation of labor's legislative program, by decision of the Syracuse
convention. Three other amendments will be stressed: a state insurance fund to supplant all private insurance for compensation,
increase of workmen's compensation from $20 to $30, and elimina-
Get Small Pay Raise
NEW YORK-^-(FP)The up-hill
down-dale fight of New York city
teachers for pay increases has
reached another up-grade with the
announcement by the board of
education that $5,700,000 is included in the education budget for
1926 to permit wage raises for
teachers. The board of estimate
has power to grant or disallow tho
item. If granted, the extra money
will probably be spent in $125
raises for elementary teachers,
$150 for high school teachers,
$200-$250 for principals and assistants, $2000 for district superintendents, etc.; the higher tlie
rank, the greater the P,?iy increases.
The suggested increases are on
a basis opposed by the Teachers'
Union. The union favors higher
Increases for lower grade teachers,
claiming that their wages have
been least increased in proportion
to living costs.
Strikes and Lockouts
Hit German Workers
BERLIN. — Mass strikes and
lockouts in the Saxon textile industry are affecting 150,000 workers. The agreements between the
.trade   unions  and   the   employers
Stay at the
-   The Plaoe Called Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
Phone Sey. 6121
200   Elegantly  Furnished
60 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate   Prices
thinking to divert the fascisti. Six
fascisti followed him out to the
deserted platform and blocked
him when he attempted to board
the train again'.' *They took off
their distlhguiShi-hg buttons,
searched him, and tried to make
him return to New York, warning
him that his life was in danger
if he went on to Newark. Vacirca
was able to call to a girl in the
station to get th* police and so
was saved from violence, he
claims, on the part of the fascisti.
According to official numbers issued by the Bulgarian government,
In Bulgaria last year 697 prisoners
were executed. 428 died of wounds,
499 committed suicide and 216 died
under "unexplained" circumstances. It must be remembered that
this refers to official prisoners
terminated   some   time   ago,   and
tion of the $3500 limit for partial ]ong negotiations having produced
disability. no result, thousands of operatives
Opposition    to    censorship    of struck.    Thereupon the federation
science teaching nnd specific sup- 0f employers of the Saxo,p textile
port of evolution were passed  by industry   announced   that   unless
the   convention.    Present   officers the men moderated their demands
have been re-elected.
Motor Busses Driving
Street Cars To Wall
Man's true wealth is the good he
has done in this world _to his fellow men.—Mahomet.    •*,<'
The emancipation of the workers must be achieved by the working class itself.—Marx,     •*
An examination of the schedule
of wages paid skilled workmen in
trade and Industry shows that
while the actual sum ln marks per
day Is practically as high as before the war. the nurehaslng value of a day's wages Is about 60
per cent, of the pre-war value.
they would lock out the whole industry.
In Cologne the industrial situation becomes worse from day to
day. More mines have closed
down, throwing thousands out of
employment, nnd it is estimated
that on October 1 only two or
three mipes will be working full
time in the Ruhr.
(By Federated Press)
WASHINGTON—Motormen     nn
city street cars will soon  have to
change their trade for that of bus 	
driver, if the trend of traffic shown
by the last report of the three Bolshevik Influence
companies can-vine: passengers on
the streets of Washington is a fair
index of development. During the
the first half of 1925 the motor
buses of the Washington Rapid
Transit Co. carried 2.642,546 passengers,   or  21.82  per  eent
In China Explained
QTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and
^ steel, McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride,
installed free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or $2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Limited
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Members of the "General Svndi-
cate of Workingmen" recently held
a mass meeting in protest against
the "unreasonable increase in thi.
price of rice, and the increase In
The "passive resistance" strike
which has been in effect for several months on the railroads operating in the eastern part of the Island has been temporarily settled.
PEKIN—(FP)—"There, is no
denying our> Influence on the national revolutionary movement in
more China, and I do believe that the
than in the same period of 1924. Soviet government will continue to
On the other hand, tbe two street be an important factor,'" says Am-
railway comnnnles handled respee- bassador Karakhan at Pekin. "Our
tivelv 43.686.857 and 50,535.557 influence,-however, consists not in
nasseneers, which meant a loss of that propaganda which is so fre-
1.4 per cent and 0.54 per cent, in quently spoken of, hut in our policy
traffic, respectively. From 1923 of equality and ius! ice to Chifta in
to  1924  both  streetcar  companies words and in deeds."
lost over five per cent, of their pa- ~ • .■*.. ■
trons. Unions Tnke Nolr
 !  Trades   Unions   are   invited   to
make use of this. page. Send In
reports of your union activities
and   keep   those   who  are  absent
In a fair pale every fool mav
sail, but wise behavior In a storm
commends the wisdom of the pilot.
In touch with what Is happening. Page Four
Friday, Septepber,4, J925
&<Ukrkl !j^a<p
Address  All  Letters  a^nd
Remittances to the Editor
§Jj? (EaMtoan ffiabnr Afctrorate
1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C.
:: Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
the theme of a letter In last
Issue of the Sunday Province, in
which the writer appeals for a
home for these jobless women, to
be under the charge of "a good
Christian woman". .Why a good
Christian? We live under a "good
Christian" regime, the morals of
which is to throw unemployed girls
npon tlie streets to shift for themselves. Could a devil possibly treat
them any worse? It is not more
Christianity that ls wanted, bnt
rather the destruction of the pernicious system of which'such outrages form a part.
* *   *
T^ASCISM unmasked its fangs in
' Vancouver recently. One of
onr local would-be swashbucklers
burst into print telling what the
workers could expect lf they dared
to try to take possession in Britain,
and also stating that he would have
a consignment of Fascist! literature
on hand shortly, which prospective
black-shirts could have on request.
Fascism, the offal of capitalism
trying by forte of arms to maintain their parasitic position, breaks
out wherever and whenever the
working class becomes menacing,
and apparently its press agent here
Is an ex-cajptain of the Royal
Mnnster Fusiliers.
* *    •
*■ ceptlng a $5 per month cut in
wages to British seamen (without
even consulting the members of
his union) ls now touring Canada
speaking on "Industrial Peace,"
meaning working class submission
to wage cuts. Meantime British
sailors are striking On their own
account, and are tying np ships ln
various parts ot the world. Wilson
says the present social order "Is
hard to bent". Certninly he ls doing bnt little to give it a body
blow, but he got somewhat badly
trimmed in Montreal, the other
night when the sailors refused to
listen to him.
* «   ♦
PROSPERITY should soon be
here now. Freight rates have
been equalized, and the daily press
tells ns thqt tlie workers are going
to benefit, the merchants are going to benefit, business is going to
beneflt, and even the railroads are
going to make more money. .One
wonders what dizzy pinnacle of
affluence wc would reach if thc
railroads were to haul grain free of
charge. A nwny nil "we have to do
now is sit back nnd wait for Oliver's   election   prognostications   to
take place.
* *   *
TJT7ARFARE is becoming more ef-
" fldcnt every day, and is rapidly taking on all the mass production characteristics of a Ford factory- The latest, additions to capitalism's death dealing equipment
arc artificial lightning, and a still
more deadly poison gas that not
only destroys human life bnt also
vegetation. .But then -we hnve got
to get markets In which to sell onr
products, otherwise lt will be a
hard winter
"MO POJJTICS IN THE*UNIONS" is the essence of the
warning message delivered to the Canadian Trades Congress in Ottawa by James Duncan, vice-president of the
American Federation of Labor. While warning the assembled
delegates of the dangers of "third party" movements, he
tells them of the success achieved by the A. F. of L. in the
United States through remaining non-partizan. Perhaps, a
few ameliorating measures have been secured by Labor
through this route, but nevertheless the prisons filled with
strike pickets, the innumerable injunctions taken .out against
labor bodies, the free use of. soldiers to crush strikes, the,
flagrant -crucifixion of the workers every time they make
a determined stand against their exploiters, all bear mute
testimony that this non-pajrty stand has not been crowned,
with success. True, in many countries where Labor has a
political movement of its.own, these conditions obtain, but in
few countries is such violent repression wreaked upon the
workers as is practiced in the.land of, the Stars and Stripes.
•       •*       *        •       •
pANADIAN LABOR, is only beginning to enter they political
^ arena. The Canadian Labor Party is still in its infancy,
but at least a start has been made on the. tremendous task of
organizing a mass political movement of Canadian workers.
That it is "right wing" in outlook is doubtless true, but its
"right" tendencies are but a reflex of the mental conditions
of the workers of this country. As they gather knpwledge
and experience from their struggles for political supremacy,
their organizations will change accordingly. Ii the C.L.P.
but awakens the workers of Canada to the fact that they
have definite class interests whieh can not be promoted: by
the political machinery of their masters, it has served a
useful purpose. It will at least have kindled a desire for
freedom from the shackles of capitalist slavery. A-t a period
such as the present, when economic forces arising out of the
very system they uphold are driving our, rulers into another
war, it would be foolish indeed for the Canadian trade union
movement to throw overboard its political expression.
T ABOR'S INTERESTS can be represented only by members
Soviets and Science •
you to get these facts firmly in
your mind:
This is the only paper west of
Winnipeg getting the
We have labor papers on exchange., from England,, Scotland,
Ireland, Australia, New Zealand,
South Afrloa, .Mexico,, and all
parts of the U.S.A.
We give local, national.and* international mews.
This paper is not published as
a dividend-making proposition, but
for the purpose of -disseminating
Hp-to^the-nxinute. labor news.
We are pleased with the progress THE ADVOCATE is making,
but we shall not be satisfied until
we have every intelligent worker
in this locality as a regular reader.
In every.Issue we give reliable,
pertinent Information* about labor
affairs—what. has. been done and
what is yet to be done, and we
want your help to pass along this
Spread the Word
Co-operate. Let's get busy, and
build a foundation on which to
do things.
persuade your workmates to
subscribe to THE ADVOCATE.
Send us a list of names of prospective readers in your district
and we will send them sample
copies. Don't be modest! Send
as many as you can, and we will
thaink you for it.
Every subscription* helps to do
more .effective work.
Address all communications to
Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C.
Leading American universities
and scientific institutions have
been invited to send representatives to the celebration of the 200th
anniversary of the Russian, Academy of Science, which will, be
held in Moscow from September 5
to September 15. One of the .pur-
ppses of the celebration is tO\re-
yiy__ and strengthen the contracts
between Russian scientists and
those of; other countries interrupted by war and revolution.
Invitations have been sent to
scientists and., universities in. every
important, country, in the world.
About 190 scientists, represent-
inb a: score. of countries,, will .attend. Among the Americans who
are reported to have, accepted*, are
Dr. H.* H. Donaldson of the University of Pennsylvania, a.n4 -P-fpf*
•Frank, A.■ -* Golder, of Leland, Stanford University. Dr. Judah L*
•Magnes, formerly of New Terk,
has been Invited to represent the
University of Jerusalem.
Subscribe to The Advocate
I call myself a revolutionary
Socialist because I aim at a complete revolution In social conditions. I do not aim at reforming
the present system, but at abolishing it; and I aim, therefore, not at
reforms, either on their own ac-
countcount or as a means of bringing about Socialist as the eventual
outcome of a series of palliations
and modifications of capitalistic
society.—'William Morris.
of its own class. The imperialistic plunderers who rule
us do not permit members of our class to represent them,
and we cannot afford to be represented by servile flunkeys
of capitalism masquerading under the guise of representing
all classes. If it is necessary for Labor to combine in trade
unions in order to maintain its economic position, it is equally
necessary for Labor to use all the political handholds it can
secure possession of. Resolutions protesting against the use
of troops in industrial disputes, against military training in
schools, against injunctions, or against imperialist wars, may
be passed from year to year, but so long as capitalism remains enthroned in power these weapons for the suppression
of Labor will remain in the legal codes. It is small wonder
the visiting British delegates expressed surprise at the "hardy
annual" resolutions! coming-before the Trades Congress, coming as they do from a country where Labor is beginning to
challenge the political power of the ruling class, and that in
more ways than through the ballot box.
•       •        •        «       #
A PEEP INTO LABOR HISTORY is sufficient to show that
the slogan, "No Politics in the Unions," is neither new
nor peculiarly American. It first appeared many years ago
in the British Isles, with the founding of the Amalgamated
Society of Engineers in 1851, and was the result of sueh experiences as Labor had.-gathered up until that time. With
the passing of Chartism in 1848, and the failure* of British
workers to secure the franchise, they betook themselves again
to the task of building unions, taking as part of their creed
"No Polities in the Unions," but inside of a ffew years the
very logic of their position, and the repressions they suffered
from, forced them into the political field. With the founding
of the American Federation of Labor, this doctrine received
the official endorsement of American Labor, and has persisted ever since. But the working class '.Qfl. this continent
has passed through many experiences during the past forty
years, experiences which undeniably indicate that if the
workers are to become the dominant force they must attack
the very basis of the system whioh explpUs, tbenk
Every cog in every wheel-that
revolves everywhere has. been
made by the working class, and is
set and kept in operation by the
working* class and if the. working
class can make and* operate this
marvellous wealth-producing machinery, they can also develop the
Intelligence to make themselves,
the masters of this machinery and
operate it, not to turn out millionaires, hut to produce wealth in
abundance for. themselves.—Eugene V. Debs.
Patronize  Our  Advertisers
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for* North Dyke No, 1, Steveston, B.C.,"
will»be received until 12 o'clock noon
(daylight saving), Tuesday, September
22, -1-925, for the construction of North;
Dyke No. 1, at Steveston, Fraser River,
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Plans and forms of contract can be
aeen and specifications and forms of
tender obtained at this department, at
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C, also at the postofflces, Vancouver,
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Each tender mupt be accompanied by
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bonis and a cheque if required to make
up an odd amount.
Note.—Blue prints can be obtained at
this department by depositing an accepted ohequo <ior the sum of 4*10.00,
payable-to-Uw order -of* the Mbileter -of
Publlo WorkB, which will be returned
if the intending bidder submit a regular bid.
By ordor, 8. E. O'BRIEN,
Department of Public Works,
Ottawa, August 26,  192B.
—Meets second Monday ln the month.
President, J. R. White; secretary, R. H.
Neelands.    P. O. Bon SB.	
111, 811 Pender St. West. Business
n»e»Knw •.UV.and 3rd We-huit-Jw evenings. R. H. Neelands, Chairman; _. H.
Morrison, Sec.-Treas.-, Angus Mselnnis,
8544 Prince Edward Street, Vsncouvsr,
B.C., Corresponding Seeretary,
Any district in British Columbia desiring information re securing speakers
or the formation of local branches, kindly communicate with Provincial Secretary J. Lyle Telford, 524' Birks Bldg.,
Vancouver, B.C. Telephone Seymour
1882, or Bayview 8520.	
Meets second Thursday every month
In Holden Building. President, 3. Bright-
well; flnanelal seeretary, H. A. Bow-
ron, 781 13th Ato. East.	
first.snd third Fridays In each month
at 445 Richards street. President, David
Cuthlll, 2852 Albert street;, secretary-
treasurer, Oeo. Harrison, 1162 Parker
street. .
—Local; 882—Meets, every. -Wednesday
at 8. p.m., Room 808, Holden Building*
President, Charles Price; business agent
and financial seoretary, F. L. Hunt; re-
o_____tj_____f, 3. T. Venn.	
UNION, Local 145. A. F. of M.—
Meets In G.W.V.A. Hall, Seymour and
Pender Streets, seeond Snnday at 10
a.m. President, E. O. Miller, 981 Kelson street; seoretary, E. A. Jamieson,
991 Nelson street; financial secretary,
W. E. Williams, 991 Nelson strset; organiser,  F. Fletcher,  991 Nelson street.
UNION OF OANADA—Headquarters
at Rooms 5, 8 and T, Flack Building,
183 Hastings Street W., Vancouver, B.O.Tel. Ssy. 8898. President, Robert Thom;
Vice-President, David Gillespie; See'y-
Treasurer, Wm. H. Donaldson. Vletorje
Braneh, Room 11, Green Blook, Bread
Street, Victoria, B.O. Phone 1908,
Presldent, R. P. Pettipiece; vice-president, 0. F. Campbell; seerstary-treas-
urer, R, H. Neelands, P.O. Bex 88.
Meets last Snnday of each month at jl '
p.m. In Holden Building, 16 Hsstings B.
UNION, No. 418—President, S. D.
Macdonald; secretary-treasurer, J. V.
Campbell, P.O. Box 889. Meets las*
Tbnrsdav nf each month.
=a_———-P ,
fiabar Afcuorat*
With Which Is Incorporated
By the Labor Publishing Oe,
Business tnd' Bdltoritl Of fie*,
1129 How* 91
 ■--;—-tt-,—.*■*..   '«—. ..■".*.l ,-*,*an■,■■■■■»
The Canadian Labor Advocate ls a non-
factional weekly newspaper, .giving newt
of the farmer-labor movement In action.
Subscription Ratea: United States aid
foreign, 12.60 per year; Css*ds, |1
per. year. |1 for* Six months.; te snloas
subscribing* In a body, 16e per __•■-
ber per  month.
Membsr Tht Federated Pross aad Tkt
British Labor Press r, S«;tsmber 4, M35
Page Five
Don't Fail To Read-
^(By Leland  Olds,  Federated Press Industrial Editor.) NEW  YORK.—Women's trad?
relation between  dragging with 31.6.    At the other end are unions of New Tork, Philadelphia,
out of the home Into the the farm states and those im which Boston,  Washington  and  Worces-
of  w«je earnw  ■*-*--' *•»• -""'"'ng predominate. tWi Mas8   M well aa branches of
. / °f '*" F_* ,CaP,*USt 7" NttUve W°men ta MaJ°rlty the Women's Trade Vplon League,
l_s is wveaiea in census ng-     Contrary to genera, 0plnloni na. are be,ng asked to send deiegateg
■taaly^ by the woman s ton- Uve whke women of nattve par. to the alinual conference of the
jTJ,S. department or moot. entage far outnumber any other league at Brookwood, Katonah,
i,guMsshow_ that front 1800 group  Q{  worklng women     The N y    0(jtober   ^    Three  dele_
UO,, »*/w,Y7JT; proportion of native white of pa- gates from each union are allow-
Ijvere creating the trusts, the Uve parentage t0 th6 total num- ed. The topics to be discussed
Ipr. of wage-earning women ber 0( worklng women has ma- include the 48-hour law for New
Jed, though, ayailahlePM*"*- terially increased in the last 10 York, the - Rockefeller employes-
years. In 1910 there were 3,098,- representation plan, and others of
639   in   this   group,   or   38.4   per  special interest to women.
[1890, the figures show, there cent,  of .the total, while in  1920  , .
[. 4,005,632   women   gainfully there were  3,733,329, or 43.7 per
pyed,.or 17.4-per cent, of the, cent. Native white wonieri work-
10,900 women over 10 years ers of foreign or mixed parentage
le. By 1910 the number gain- numbered 1,722,279 in 1910, or
[ employed had increased to 21.3 per cent, of the total, and
|„772, amounting to 23.4 per 2,110,454, or 24.7 per ce*nt„ ln
of   the   34,552,712   women  1920;   foreign-born  white,   1,222,-
I 10 years of age,
[increased only about 50 per
BERLIN—(FP)—German, courts
have condemned 360 revolutionary
workers to a total of 1,415 year im
prisonment    in    the    last    three
While the  791, or 15.1 per cent, of the total months, according to the German
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Pbone Sty. 1070
748 Bichards Strset. Vanconver, B.O.
Specialist In Trasses for Men, Women,
Children and Infants
Phont 8ey. 3880
960 Bobson Street, Vanconver, B.O.
28  Years  Established  ln  Vaneonver
Vancouver Turkish Baths
WlU  Onrt  Yonr. Rheumatism,  Lumbago, Vtaittis or Bud Oold
744 Hasttnii St. W. Phont Sty. 8070
er of women employed was in 1910, and 1,118,463, or 13,1 Red Aid. The tribunal at Leipsic
BSing by 100 per cent., the per cent., in 1920; negroes, 2,013,- alone in May, June and July con-
er of men gainfully employ- 981, or 24.9 per cent., In 1910, demned 75 workers to 63 years
'creased only 65 per cent. and  1,571,28.9,  or  18.4  per  cent.,  hard labor and 70 years imprison- J
War Effects ln 192°- ment-	
the   decade    1910-1920,   in
of  the' demand   for   labor RUSSIAN    TECHNICIANS   ASSIST
.<?d   by the  war,   tlie   annual
of  increase   in   the  number
ployed women was only one- —_——..———
ti   of  the   1890-1910   period, (By Carl Brannin, Federated  Press)
CARATOV,    Russia—"Tell    the Trade Union delegation.
Name    '..
Ithe proportion of women em-
|_d   decreased   from   23.4   per
to 21.1 per cent.   This sug*
In time
readers of The Federated Press a" the world wln come to our ec"
-■   .        —    ..   __ „ __     , X ,       , ,    onomic basis because it is fixed on
{ the connection between the  that not all Russian spets (special-  ^  {undamental  rlghts  of  ,abor>
oyment of women and wage lsts) are simply working for their AU must work. There must be no
ards. In the 1890-1910 pe- salaries. We have 50,000 members paraSites. This Is the prime es-
ttie purchasing power of In the Society of Engineers who sential for a just order of society,
s was steadily falling and are consciously and gladly helping <The dlctatorship? By all means
en, were forced to supplement in the work of building a new Rus- j agree m are _ backward coun.
Inadequate   earnings   ot   the sia. - try_ jM e;nerglng from modmeQ-
breadwinner to maintain the The speaker was a consulting feudallBm. There must be a strong
ard of living. In the war engineer at one of the largest me- government with a scientific plan
>d,    particularly   toward   the  tal works in Russia, the Sickle &   for   the   organjzati0n   of  industry
Hammer of Moscow, fie was tak- and all produetion. Without this
ing a 2-week vacation down the we would have succumbed long
Volga. A man of 65, educated in ag0 to the attacks of the imperial-
German technical institutions, a ,sts and the economic blockade.
non-Communist but a Russian, loy- And even with thiS) pr0gress is all
al to his country and with vision too b]ow People can.t be pushed
e,highest percentage of. wo- to understand the purpose of he faBter than they are ready to go,
seeking ejnpjoyment. ls founcl  new order and the difficulties. but   ignorant   and   selfish   groups
induatrlal   states,   particularly      "I am glad to talk with a visitor   can   be   prevented   from   undoing
e the textile industry ls im-  from a foreign land," he continued,  the good accomplished and from
ant. South Carolina leads with   "Russia   is  walled  about  with   a  spoiling  a   great  opportunity  for
per cent, of her women over  mountain-chain of lies and misrep- human advancement,
"ears of age. gainfully employ-  resentations.    But here and there      "Every day registers growth. In
Next comes Rhpde Island with  the truth filters through.   We are  our plant we have a higher pr0.
per cent., and Massachusetts  happy in,the report of the British  ductIvity per worker than before
t-. i . ...'.. '■ the  war  and  total  production  is
climbing steadily toward the pre-
wt.r standard. Give us time and
let us alone and the Soviet Union
will show the world something new
and altogether fine."
full* male  employment   pro
bd   slightly   fuller   pay   envois and the pressure on women
become  wage  earners  relaxed
Industrial States Lead
ed, is better .than White sugar. Pol	
isjied  rice  has  lost much of lts
food value, and people who boil Radical Labor Woman
their vegetables usually throw the
most valuable part down the sink.
Foods rich ln these life-giving,
there is quite an art in the pre-
f-ation and cooking of food, an
Which tends to cater to the
Ise of sight and taste rather than  Rr°wth   promoting  vitamins   are:
[unseen organs and systems and  mi***z> e8Ss. butter, vegetables and
Jailed in Minnesota
DULUTH—International. Labor
Defense will soon effect the release of Mrs. Matilda Wiedeman
and her two children from the
County Jail  at  Noves,  Minn.,, on
liter effects.   Sound knowledge fruits, whole cereals, yeast, fresh
fc common sense is necessary in meat and fish.   It must always be
choice of food Diet cannot he remembered, however, that cook-
l.hasard if it is'to supply nour- •"*? destroys these food factors, to  *}'m'°l ho,A'T ™* ^lefle"\an:
Lent and produce energy. Hap- »»me   extent,    particularly   those  though born in Latvia, has resided
I r _» ««_»'* * '**       *****      TT.T1 t+_*\i*I       OiniAn       r*w*A       i***}a*we.tO Ar*
lard diet leads to more ills than round ln fruits and vegetables.
|t world dreams of—than the av
Iije ignorant cook and Innocent
|,im—that is.
It well balanced diet must con-
|'i a sufficient number of vita-
As yet, science understands
ly little about these important
Id taptftre; »j>pugh, however, to
predate Just what their absence
Entire Wheat Bnns
One quart raised dough bread
Two -tablespoons .shortening*
One well-beaten egg.
One cup brown sugar.
One half teaspoonful salt.
One .teaspoon-nutmeg.
Add flour enough to knead, and
when well-mixed, let the mixture
ln the United States and Canada
for many years. Selma, her ten
year old daughter, was born ln
Mrs. Wiedeman owns her own
home in Manitoba, Canada, and
was arrested while on her way to
Chicago to visit, relatives. She is
helng held by tjie Immigration
authorities on a charge of illegal
entry.    Mrs.  Wledman  has - been
ans.    ThprjB are -various kinds    .    .,,,     ,.   ,, .,    .. ,. . .
vitamins;   one Wpd -promotes t^V^t.!?     Nowmndinto actlve In ,tlle radical movement in
buns,then*,leMhem rise-again and both the United States and Cannda.
bake in a moderate oven, as they a fleht will be made to prevent
burn easily.   A cup.of raisins may her deportation to Latvia.
bwth, another kind prevents dis-
pes like scurvey and rickets and
rlous nervous diseases.
«ost food, contain more or less * **** vap,ety-
I' this food factor, but often the
|.rt containing the vitamins is re-
nvaA in Pwnaratipn or. cooking.
Iw Instance, the process of refln-
|g flour, takes from Its food val-
hence brown or whole wheat
Corn Sonn
One ouart hot lrillk.
One tsblesnoon of butter.
Salt to taste.
One can sweet corn, added to the handllntr 40 per cent, of all groin
lead ls better than white bread, hot milk; the whole boljed for two In the Russian market. It buys
|id brown sugar, being less refin- „r three minutes,        '' ;r N ' grain direct from the peasants,
MQSCOWi-(FP)—The state
grain twist ,of tbe -flmMet Union,
now celebrntlhe ita third anniversary,   annoitnres   tbat   It   Is   "nw
City  and  State..
-yOU should not miss seeing
I the wonderful new Costs,
new Tailored Suits and new
Dresses now being shown at
"Famous." For quality they
are supreme—for value ithey
are   unbeatable.
619-623 Hastinga Street West
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
CAN I continue to pay for this space and so help sustain
The  Labor Advocate?
It,depends on how you act; but answer this question:
Who is more apt to give you an up-to-date, honest and liberal
treatment, the Doctor, Dentist, &c, who through Ignorance or
fear of losing "respectable" patronage supports Capitalism, or
they who possess the understanding and courage to break
with their old associations and champion the great "cause of
revolutionary revolt which this journal represents?
(f ■    tNCORPO-WATED  ^V t»* MAY  I6TO Jl ™
Suits and
Latest Pall Styles—Newest Fabrics
at Economy Prices
Men's and Young Men's Suits
A  showing comprising attractive tweeds
and  fancy  worsteds  in  full  weights,   as
well   as   novelty   weaves   and   brighter
color   effects.     Fashioned   after   English
models   in    single   and   double-breasted
styles.    Models  suitable  for young men
are   strongly   featured,   as   well  as   two
and three-button models  for conservative   dressers.   Tailoring  and
finish   are   excellent   throughout.
See  these splendid values.
English Overcoats for Young
A splendid value. Made from n nice
soft all-wool chinchilla cloth in a guaranteed navy shade. In smart-fitting
double-breasted style, with long roll
peatt lapels. Some with bock belts;
others plain backs. Every coat splendidly tailored and finished with art
silk lined yoke.    Sises 34 to 42,
For Men
Hatchway Comblna'-ions
T_.v«ry comfortable combi-
nation m*do of a wool
mixture in fine ribbed
knit, with .choice of half
or long sleeves. Sites 84
to   44.    Price,   suit,   tS.OO
Men's  Negligee   Shirts
Extra special values. Made
of good' quality Seoteh
cambric in a variety of
colored woven stripes, ahd
guaranteed fast colors.
Finished in coat style with
soft French cuffs. Sises
14  to   17%.    Each,   (1.95
. Page Six
Friday, September
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
.  . of Canada.)
Our Legal Column
Reader—Question:      WUl    you  MOSCOW—England fighting Am-  now try conscientiously tol
please teU me what right a tend- erica for the supremacy of the  erate, he says, but the rej
lord has to seize my sewing ma-   s^08* for oU' tor markets, for the  force   of  economics push.-}
    Ihine which I lent to a neighbor  rie,rt to *» the world's banker--- steadily apart.
  to do some sewing on, and it was in  th,s  ls  the  P--«*m»  in  the  fore-      Radek's views may be _!j
AN organizer from The Pederat-  ed from Prince Rupert.   We were  her house when he seized her fur-  eronnd of Bolshevism's vision of  typical   Bolshevik   thought)
ed' Seafarers' Union of Canada  aboard and never saw such filth   nlture for the rent she was owing  the -future. America. ^^^^^^^^
paid a visit to loco, New Westmin-  and disgraceful conditions* as ex-  to him?   He is now claiming that      Today Karl Radek adds his voice      "England," he cites, "ha_|
ster, and Port Mann and met with  isted  on the C,  O.  M.  M. vessel,   he has a right to seU my property  ^° the ominous prophecy of Leon  an embargo on the export
Trotsky that the next world strug- ital,   whereas   the   Unitedl
gle will be between the two giants during the last six months"
of the English speaking race. ported not less than $1,070,4
Money Interest Supreme Australia Borrows in NewjJ
Neither  he   nor   Trotsky  allow "Australia," he continues,!]
a little success in organizing a few since  the  "Canadian  Carrier," of  to pay her rent.
of the many unorganized seamen the  same' company,   was   in  this      Answer:   He has a right to seize
employed on vessels sailing from port over two year sago.    The C.   the property he finds on the prem-
British Columbia ports. G.  M.  M.  do  not need  to worry  iseB even although it does not be-
The S. S. "MlnaBrea" is still pay- about where the cause for dissatis-  iong to his tenant.   It is a pity that
ing the lowest wages of any- vessel -faction exists as the management  landlords have so much power and other factors than those of econ-  not receive a loan in Lond-^
sailing out of B. C.   Every trip the of the company is well aware of  that you should lose your sewing omics  to  weigh  in  the  balances.   had t0 borrow $75,000,000 !,
"Mina Brea" makes the men get the  P°or conditions  aboard  their 'machine through your kindness to Strictly  Marxian  and  rigidly nia-  Tork-   London could lend
disgusted and leave the ship. One vessels.                                                  a   nelghb0r,   but   the   landlord   is terialistic,   they   argue   that   the   Haonly $25,000,000.
of the officers complained that the                  T                 within his legal rights.    It is time money  interest   in   the   long  run      "The British pound depe
men he got from the shipping of- The sixteen Chinese seamen who  an  amendment was made to  the will outweigh the ties of blood, of  tirely on the BUPP°rt °f the
flee at Vancouver were far from were jailed from the S.  S.  "City  Distress for Rent Act and there is language  and   of  common   tradi-     *•"**"•"* ■ ««
being efficient.    When it was ex- 0f Victoria,"  (the J. J. Coughlan  a field here for the Labor member tions.
plained to him that the wages were ghlp)  are now at Oakalla Prison  of the House. Writing in Pravda,  the official
the lowest paid on the Coast, he  parm,  serving their sentence.    It                             organ   of  the   Communist   Party,
Reserve bank," he declares J
Ing that "Great Britain tries.'
theless to keep her military J
on a level independent of the]
the supremacy of the world. That
ls why the Anglo-American conflicts must lead to war."
Seek to Co-operate Now
He admits that the time is not
suggested that something be done  ls not so very ]ong since the Ch)n. Deserted—Question:      I   would  Eadek declares: "The world's his-   of America.   The British ad
about the matter, as the officers  ese crew on the same vessel were Uke, if you please, to know through  tory does not know a case in which * & demands $250,000,000 ff
were compelled to do the work of  shipped back from a nearby Am- your legal column what rights a  two mighty industrial powers, pos-
those  that were inefficient.    The  erlcan port t0 ch,na  after havlng deserted wtfe ha8 in thia Province,   sessing the great fleets, have not
Seafarers'Union is taking the mat-   refused to stand for bad conditions, and how she can make her hus-   struggled  against  each  other  for  lieves Radek^ France and Ge^
ter up with the Imperial Oil Com-  The coughlan interests are having band support her and their chil-
pany.   This company has many gas  a sore time with the Chlneaei who dren?
stations  throughout  the  Province  do not seem to accept any condi- Answer:    A deserted and desti-
competing with other companies in  tions the employers force on them. tutVwUe mav lav an information
the  oil  business,  who  pay much  Thp ,mnri„ntlmpn(. nt ty,0 ,-„,.■.,.•__, lniormauon
hieher  wages  than that  nald  on           imprisonment of the Chinese before a Magistrate and have the
trT^Ttsss   Brea"\Z^ -ClLro   8eame" 1S °n a Par W'th the many husband   brought   up   in   Police  yet ripe for the fulfillment of his
the ( Mina  Brea,    and    Calgaro   men who have been put in jail by Court  where  „n,eas  the  husband   forecast.     England   and   America
                  the c- G- M- M- tot trying to obtain oan  conVince the Magistrate that ——=========s===ss
better conditions.    Twelve stokers he was justified in leaving his wife,
Several new members were ob-  were put in jail in February, 1922, an order wiu be made that he pay Sailors Shanghaied
talned on the Coasting vessels of  from,the S. S. "Canadian Winner" whatever sum the Magistrate de-
the C. P. R. since the beginning of  for refusing to sail with a negro cides  he  can  afford,  toward  the
the present month, and there has  who had acted as a strike-breaker, support 0f his wife and children.
been   quite   a   demand   from   the  and  who was  very filthy aboard 	
ships for men to go on deck, and  the vessel.   The men were sentan-
in the engine room and stokehold   ced to a month's Imprisonment for
departments.    Men were supplied  refusing to sail.    A plea was put ""^T^-_Z_-tJ-Z-ZT-m_h%htf, the crew of the schooner Jackson
to the "Griffco," "Granco," "Roch-  to the Minister of Justice regard- ment system and signed a Hen note   _   _ _ _ u	
elie,"   and   "Lady   Gynthia,"   also   ins? the shameful way the men had
several towboats.                                been   treated    and   the   Minister "££££ *l»*i£w i5 the  *•» their proof on  documentary
v»fl   tt,»   -._.._.„„„   „<* "»*                                           _           evidence in the form of a bill from
increase of Britain's fleet."
On the European contlnerl
ives Radek, France and Geif
will be the doubtful factors'
it comes to a contest between
erica and England.    "France
says, "will be the chief Eurj
trump which the United State
play against England."
As to Germany, Radek adv
the hope that she may evend
be won for Russia, and inti'
with the  Soviets would keep
—,^—t^^—i^^——^—.     'rom fighting on the side of j
On American Vessel land.
  England Lost the War '
The struggle for gaining!
(By Federated Press)
NEW   ORLEANS.—Federal   au-
many will continue between u|
r,   c   ,-, (-»„_.-n„„-    t lmnolit ii        injuw    <_*_vu_____.e.—reuerai   uu-       	
ll^rfrVJ^nlv!  thorit.es   investigated   charges   by  England, and the worse gro-
washing machine on the part pay
stem and signed a lien note
for it.   Now my husband is out of vll-e that two of their numbers were
work and I can not keep up the  shanghaied   at   Galveston.     They
The S. S. "Canadian Importer" -nromntlv ordered the release of
arrived in Vancouver at the latter the 12 men after having served 11
end of last week, and as is usual
on the "Importer," the crew were
practically half starved. Several
members returned from Eastern
Canada, and were disappointed
that the delegate appointed to look
after the interests of the organization in the East had the misfortune
to miss his ship in an English
port. .
machine back and sold it and now
^^^^±?^-?  I^CSSl^  -dered;     The   schoner   recently  ^rr.canes,
position of England, the
chances there will be for
For mankind in general,
sees  a  stormy  future.    And
detective   agency   for   services  England in particular he for^
month's hard labor. The men wers
sentenced by J. p.s Prescott and
The Unity Movement of the Canadian   Labor  Part v.   have   offered
their services tn put sirs a fle-bt on
behalf of the Chiiese workers who
__________________________________________     have  heen   nut  ln  jail,   and  hnve
._ | asked the Federated   Seafarers'Un-
The S. S. "Canadian Voyageur,"g|nn to assist" in warnine seamen of
of     the     Canadian     Government1* aU   nationalities   to   refrain   from
Merchant Marine Ltd., has return-  scabbing nn the Chinese who were
sent to prison.
76 Hastings East
Late  54th  Batt.  and 72nd Batt.
on the sale to pay the balance. I
would like to know if they can
collect this?
Answer: Whether they can collect it or not depends on your ability to pay, but as to whether or
not they have a right to claim it
there can be no doubt. The lien
note provided that if they are forced to take the machine back, and
it does not realize on- sale, sufficient to pay the amount then owing, they can bring suit for tho
A letter has been reoelved from
the manager of the Seamen's Institute at Vietoria. enquiring for
Jamie Forbes, reeardlng his prize
money and dlscharee.   The last we
EMPLOYERS FOR LIBEL  year old schooner carrying lumber
In  the West Indies trade and,  it
is claimed, put out of Port Arthur
in an unseaworthy condition.
MONTREAL—(FP)—Officers of
  the   Montreal  local,   International
heard from Jamie was when he Furriers' Union, are suing Charles
was on the "Canadian Imnorter." c. Coristine, president Montreal
and was eomnlalnin* of the rotten  Fur Manufacturers Assn., for $50,-  BeSCO CoilieS British
conditions aboard  C.G.M.M.  shins.
Mall List nt Hendmiartors
Bell, A.; Beckett, H.; Cox, A.;
Erickson. C. J.: Evans, L. F.;
Fisher, H. J.; Gerachy, J.: Galla-
cher, Paddy; Harris. C; Henderson, C: Hewitt, C; Horn.R.; «lott,
G. W.; Jo, H: Jones, R.N.; Knox.
Mine Owners' Tactics
000  damages for libel.    The employer told the press that the recent  fur strike was fomented  by ~~~~
"paid   agitators,"   that   "sluggers"      MONTREAL—.F    P.—Convlng
were hired for the purpose of in-  the English coal barons, the British
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders-Receive Prompt Attention
timidating peaceful workmen," and
that the strike was kept up by "a
group of reds," for "their own selfish interest."
A.; Kissock, J.; Maddigan, M.; Mahoney, G.; McDonald, J.; Mort, J.;
Osborne, Wm.; Pugh, A.; Pattison,
E.; Thean, W.; Williams, A.; Williams, J.; Worrall, W.; Worrell, J.
Empire Steel Corp. has held up
the government of Nova Scotia for
a subsidy in the form of a rebate
of 20 per cent, of the royalties
which go to the province as owner
of the coal mines. The miners re
turned to work at wage cuts of fi
to 8' per cent. Instead of the 10
per cent, the corporation wished to
sailed from Port Arthur, Tex., to "Lady  Macbeth  has losfl
Port au Prince, but when near sleeP... and will, never sleep!
Southwest Pass at the mouth of more-" he exclaims. "Englari
the river lt grounded, the vessel that 6™*. power about whici
was salvaged and brought to New °an say- 'This one lost the ws|
Orleans. Supply houses, members
of 'the crew, • underwriters and
claimants of salvage filed their
claims with the U. S. commissioner and among them it is said that
a bill from a detective agency was
Seamen say it is a common thing
for them to be shanghaied in Galveston when they refuse to ship
on account, of conditions, food and
wages.    The Jacksonville is a 20-
Big reductions, splend
values.    Regular    pricl
$22.50 to $42.50, now-
$15 to$37.6!
Cor. Homer and Hastings*.
Red Star Drug Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
We Make a Special Effort to Get Goods Out hy First Mall
After Receipt of Your Order
Corner Cordova and Carrall
Vancouver, B.O.
rpHE following ls a list of
the seafarers who have
taken the places of the striking Chinese sailors who were
pnt in jail from the S. S.
"Olty of Victoria". Cut this
ont and keep for future reference: R. J. Murray, J.
Woodcock, H. A. Brown, J.
Hunter, H. Bird, A. Webster,
P. Anderson and N. McAulcy,
all A. B.s
Unions Bring Results
To Municipal Laborers
CLEVELAND.—While unorganized white-collar employees of the
city look on with envy, unionised
workers are getting a flat 10 per
cent, increase in wages from the
city council. The white-collars,
afraid or unwilling to' form a
union, have had a wage plea before the council for months, but
obtained no action. The American
Plan Association resented- fiercely
the council's decision to Increase
union wages, bnt was able to
muster only 3 votes against 19.
Patronize Our Advertisers.
The Original
Logging Bool
Quick Strviee for RepUrr
All Work Onanntetd
Spc-Olt! Atttntlon to Mall Ord«
H. Harvey
EiUbliihid in Vaneouvar In 110'
68  CORDOVA STREET ■■•'.   i
September 4, .1925
Page Seven
pe Story of a Great Labor Victory
GEORGE HICKS, Member of Special Committee, General Conncil,  British  Trades Congress)
THE FOLLOWING stirring story, from the pen of Oeorge Hicks, General Secretary of the Amalgamated Building Trade Workers of Britain,
gives all the facts of the great victory achieved by the coal miners. We
desire to call our readers' attention to the copy of the strike call, published on this page, of which Mr. Hicks says: "It is as important an historic document to the men and women of our time as Magna Charta was
to our forefathers. ... It marks the beginning of an era . . . when the
working class is consciously moving forward as a class to the conquest
of power."
BAY, July 81st, has been
lly described as Red Friday.
Capitalist offensive was as
ely roUed back, by a firm
jesolute exhibition of soli-
I, as if decisive action had
• people,  even in our own
realize all that Red Friday
months the mine-owners,
Id by all the forces of cap-
li, had been carefully, with
Primate skill, preparing a
lc onslaught on the miners.
|had definitely made up their
to lower the wages of the
Is, and to inerease the work-
lours from seven to eight in
loalfields. This was known
le miners' leaders at least a
[ago. And for months the
(oarqns pursued a calculated
of intimidation and repres-
Iso as to reduce the miners
Itch a condition that they
I be prepared to accept ai-
\ any terms.
' The Enemy's Strategy
, South Wales and Durham
|ularly—two of the most ag-
ve . coalfields—they closed
Sown, throwing thousands of
frs out of work. In some
1 the populations of whole
|es were unemployed. Then
ous of the demoralizing ef-
iiis would have on the min-
|i employment, they, on suc-
occasions, presented ulti-
hs to those employed ln the
fng pits, insisting upon truly
bating wage reductions. Em-
lent in the coalfields was
.to contract to a,n alarming
|t». The whole industry had
Ippearance of rapidly wither-
ftway. At the same time a
utent propaganda was carried
tf the mine-owners, assisted
|ie capitalist press, to the ef-
Jthat the coal industry was
Everything conceivable
[lone to demoralize the min-
ko depress their outlook, to
und them with the atmos-
of defeat and disaster.
h local agreements were un-
lining the actual power of
{Miners' Federation of Great
[in, splitting up its forces,
|g   district   against   district,
against local.
bEffect On the Workers
lien the mine-owners gave
I. to the M.F.G.B. of the end
le agreement, they were quite
lied that they had so reduced
fiemoralized the miners that
I. hopeless defeat was a fore-
It they reckoned without their
J-is  true   that  the   policy   of
lig   pits   down   and   of  local
I'ments  had   had  a  consider-
weakening    effect    on    the
|rs'  ranks.    But lt ls a mis-
, to imagine that the fighting
is destroyed by sudden wage
Bttons, or by throwing work-
Ion  the  streets.    Unbeknown
themselves,   the   coal   owners
the capitalist class generally
li  creating  against themselves
feat volume  of fierce  resent-
|t and a stubborn  determinate fight, no matter what the
,   That this is so is evidenced
fhe manner in which the an-
leite   miners   ot   South   Wales
have    been    carrying    on    their
struggle for the past weeks.
Since Black Friday
Nor is that all. Since Black
Friday, and the disastrous struggle of the miners in 1921, a great
change has come over the working-class opinion and outlook. The
workers are slow to learn from
their experience it is true, but.
they do learn. The active elements in our movement were
quick to realize the weaknesses
in the situation as revealed by
Black Friday.
Since then, sectionalism in our
movement   has  been  attacked   as
never before. The need for unity,
for the concentration of our
forces, for a class leadership instead of a sectional leadership,
has been hammered into the consciousness of the rank and file of
the trade unions. The wise and
statesmanlike policy of the General Council of the Trades Union
Congress has been an outcome of
this insistent urge towards unity.
Since the Plymouth conference,
the general council, by its amalgamation policy, by Its "Back to
the Unions" and organization campaigns, by its drawing in of the
trades   councils  as  the   local  or-
Lock-Out of Miners, Aug. 1,1925
Official Stoppage of the Movement of Coal
Official Instructions to All Railway and Transport
Workers As Agreed Unanimously By a Joint Conference of the N.U.R., A.S.L.E. & F., R.C.A., and
the Transport and General Workers' Union of the
Trades Union Congress.
1. Wagons containing coal must not be attached to any train
after midnight on Friday, July 31st, and after this time
wagons of coal must not be supplied to any industrial or
commercial concerns, or be put on the tip roads,at docks
- for the coaling of ships,
2. All coal en route at midnight on Friday to be worked for
ward to the next siding suitable for storing it,
3. Any coal,  either in wagons or stock, at a depot may be
utilized at that depot for the purpose of coaling engines
for passenger and goods trains, but must not be moved
from that depot to another.
Coal Exports—
All Tippers and Trimmers will cease work at the end of
the 2nd shift on July 31st.
Coal Imports—
On no account may import coal be handled from July 31st.
A general stoppage of men handling coal on other classes
of tonnage on Friday midnight.
All men on canals, waterways etc., engaged in carrying
coal will cease Friday midnight, with the exception of men
who have coal en route, who will be allowed to take it to
destination and tie up. SAFETY MEN FOR PUMPING, ETC.,
All men engaged in delivering coal to commercial and
industrial concerns will cease Friday night, July 31st. Men
delivering for domestic purposes will cease at 12 noon, Saturday, August 1st.
For the purpose of carrying out these instructions, the
members of the organizations herein concerned shall, from
each district, establish small sub-committees so as to co-ordinate policy in giving effect to same.
GEORGE HICKS (President).
A. S. L. E. & F.
N. V. _,
R. 0. A.
D. S. HUMPHREYS (President).
JOHN  BROMLEY   (Secretary).
W. DOBBIE  (President).
J. H. THOMAS (Political Gen. Sec.)
C. T." CRAMP (Indus. Gen. Sec),
T. GILL (President).
A.  G. WALKDEN (Sec.).
T. & G. W. V.
A. B. SWALES (Chairman).
July 28th, 1925.
gans of the movement, by its
gathering in Of more power unto
itself, by its active promulgation
of international trade union unity,
has not only enormously increased
its influence and prestige, but has
definitely won for itself the undisputed leadership of the movement.
Capitalism Was Prepared
It must not be imagined, however, that the capitalist class were
unprepared. The captains of industry and the government had
been preparing for months. A reference to the speeches made by
every leading capitalist spokesman for the past twelve months
will make that manifestly clear.
Had they not all been saying that
wages had got to come down?
Had they not all been talking of
the decline in British industry,
and the need for economy in the
cost of production, and how impossible it was to carry on industry unless longer hours were
worked for less pay? Mr.. Baldwin merely re-echoed what was
the settled opinion of the ruling
class. All the forces of capitalism, all the skill and strategy of
the capitalist class, were ready
and eager for the conflict. The
mine-owners, the leading elements
—the shock troops—of capitalism,
"wlu had so often proved victorious in the past, were they not
leading the van? Every ounce of
capitalist strength was behind the
mine owners. And right up till
the last minute, with fixed will
and stubborn determination, they
held out.
The Capitalist Class
The members of the capitalist
class are much quicker to realize
the implications of a struggle
than are the members of the
working class, The workers think
more slowly. And when the Bolld
fact of the class unity of the
workers—an almost unbelievable
thing to the capitalists—a thing
that has never previously happened in this country—suddenly confronted them, the capitalists
quickly visualized what it meant,
made a rapid survey of the relation of forces, and caved in.
Our General staff
The   general   council,   with   a
keen sense  and  a  fine  grasp  of
the realities of the situation, gathered the forces of the movement
together.    It  established  its special committee.    It consulted with
the leaders of the most important
unions, particularly those engaged
in   railway   and   other   transport.
It had conferences with the executives of the affiliated  unions. It
asked for and received the utmost
confidence   of   the    trade   union
movement.    It asked  to  become,
and it was willingly made to become, the repository of the actual
power  of the  whole  trade union
movement.    Never  before  during
the whole  stormy history of the
working-class   movement   in   this
country was there such an eager
desire for unity, such an unbounded   willingness   to   throw   every
atom   of  strength   In  support   of
the  common   cause,   and   such   a
settled   determination  to  see  the
struggle   through,   as   there   was
during the last three days of July.
The   movement   was   "all   in"
with    a   vengeance.    There   was
nothing   heady   about   it.     Each '
consultation,  each  conference, was
marked  by  cool deliberation  and
an  air of stern and  grim determination.    For the first time the
working   class,   as   a   class,   had,
through   its   responsible   leaders,
risen to the occasion and become
a  single   entity.     All   those   who
participated   in   the   negotiations
and the central preparatory work,
felt  that the  time  was big  with
fate,  and that  history was being
A New Magna Charta
When,  on Friday mopping,  the
notice appeared giving official in
structions to all railway and transport workers in regard to the
stoppage of the movement of coal,
it was made clear to the capitalist class that the course the mine-
owners and the government were
pursuing would lead to the most
formidable and the first definitely
open class conflict in this country.
It was immediately realized that
the,, entire fabric of capitalism
would be shaken to breaking
point. Forces would have been
let loose, nation wide in their
extent, all-embracing, 'the (free
play of whloh would have rent
society to Its foundations. And
the capitalist class became afraid.
The class struggle which now
proceeds in our midst, confined to
certain accepted channels, would
have burst all bounds.
That notice to the rallwaymen
and transport workers is as important an historic document to
the men and women of our time
as Magna Charta was to our forefathers. It marks the beginning
of a new era in the social and
poUtlcal life of the people of this
country—the era wIhiu the working class is consciously moving
forward as a class to the conquest
of power.
'    A Great Victory
It is a mistake, as some of our
friends have been doing, to belittle this great victory. In a
million miners' homes, today, there
would have been gloom and despair if that victory had not been
won. If the capitalist offensive
had succeeded millions of pounds
in actual wages would have been
taken, not merely from the mln-
. ers, but from every other important section as well. It ls true it
was a defensive action.
But lt was an action which effectively stopped the workers' retreat which has heen going on
sinco the armistice. And it is an
action, if wisely and rightly profited by, thut wiU open the way
to a victorious working-class offensive.
In the class struggle things do
not stand still. The great war of
classes goes on all the time—and
must go on, crisis succeeding
crisis, battle succeeding battle, until a definite ending is made by
the working class to the, power
of the capitalist class, That is
the unescapable historical position
we find ourselves in today. The
victory gained must only provide
us with breathing space and time
to prepare our forces for the hext
great conflict. The sectional
miners' struggles of the past decade have now been lifted on the
higher plane of the class struggle.
The Lesson To Us
Red Friday's victory is one clear
call to all of us:
PREPARE—carry on the work
of organization and education,
strengthen and build up our
forces, mako perfect our machinery of mobilization, locally a,nd
nationally concentrate the power
of our great movement. Now is
the time for a new and exceptionally vigorous "Back to the
Unions" campaign with the object
of making all our unions 100 per
cent, organized. Now is the time
to strengthen- and concentrate our
forces locally in the trades councils. Now is the time to gather
in the aids and alliances for our
industrial movement—such as the
co-operatives with thoir commissariat possibilities.
The capitalist class will not take
its defeat lying down. It will prepare. It will strengthen and
broaden its organization—particularly on the International field.
We must do likewise, and speed
up the development of our trade
union international, so that lt will
become the great world power to
abolish capitalism.
To turn the enemy back is one
thing—to  rout  him  completely is
another.    Don't think of congrat-
(Contlnued on pnge 8) Pag* Eight
Friday* September- 4j
World Labor Unity Movement   N^EChUdren Denied
Education in U.S.A.
Esther    Lowell,    Federated reports published have been aston-
Press) ishingly favorable.   Purcell can re-
NEW   YORK—American   labor mind  American  labor  that  there  tne   N®ero
should    particularly    watch    the Is a world, Nearing says, because  there were
111.—According to.
Year Book, 1926-26,
in the U.S.  3,796,957
J COATS—Th0y A%e Dances-RiuiiSir
Price from $12.0&
negro children 5 to 20 years of
age, inclusive. Of these, 2,030,269,
or only 53.5 per cent., were enrolled in schools. In 1924, according
to the reports of state superintendents of education, there were in
the 16 former slave states and Ok-
movement for world trade union organized labor in the United
unity, Scott Nearing, Federated States stepped out of the'world
Press  correspondent and  teacher,  about 1922. [
states upon his departure for Eng- French left-wing workers have
land where he will attend the Brit- been able to organize to a remark-
ish Trade Union Congress. able  extent  on  the   basis  of the
Trade union unity means unity Riffian war, Nearing says. Over
within each country of right and ■*■*••' Communists have been arrest- lahoma and District of Columbia,
left factions and international un- ed and 80 are still in jail, because 3,141,868 negro children of school
ity of labor to meet the fascist of their, activities in this cause age. Of these, 2,149,648, or 68.4
drive which is already being felt Circulars and posters have been per cent., were enrolled in school,
in some parts of the world and is widely distributed and ex-soldiers, The number of negro public school
spreading ■ with alarming rapidity, the Renters' League and the more teachers in these states is 42,018.
One of the important lines of ac- progressive General Confederation
tivity in the direction of world of United Workers and the Young
trade union unity, Nearing asserts, Communist League have organized
is, the Anglo-Russian committee a central committee of 125, 100
which intends to call a conference from the big factories of Paris and
looking toward a World Unity Con- vicinity and the 25 from regional
gress. The general council of the groups, so that the control of the
British Trade Union has approved anti-Rifflan war is really on the
this plan and will present it to the   basis of economic groups.
Trades Union Congress.    Nearing
expects that the arguments pn this
question will be the most interesting of the session.    He supposes ___________________
that A. A. Purcell, fraternal dele- . .
gate to the American Federation  British raSClStl XO
Of Labor convention this year, will
bring this issue to the attention of
American labor.
The general council of Russian
Trades Unions approves the World
Unity Congress plan, as well as
the British. Nearing reminds American workers that trades union
delegations from China, Sweden,
Belgium, France, Australia, England, Germany and possibly other
countries have visited Russia in the
last  year or so and all  of their
It is well known that quite a
few of these teachers have., not
been above the eighth grade in
school. Some are working for from
$15 to $25 per month.' Children
taught under such conditions in
this supposedly enlightened country does not speak well for its enlightenment. And still the mission-
Men's   Mackinaw   Shirts,
Carss  $9.50
Men's Uni6n Suits Underwear, nice, medium weight,
suit   $1.50
Men's   Headlight   Shirts,
$2.00 and $2.25
Men's Heavy Kersey Tw
Pants  $4
Men's Sand Coveralls
Oil Clothing, three-quai1
Long Coats	
Nearing expects to be in Europe   aries are anxious to go to China
studying labor conditions in different countries for five months.
"Drive Out Red flag"
LONDON—The London Fascisti
have announced their intention of
"driving the red flag out of every
London park."
and Africa to teach the "poor
heathenB." In the so-called ex-
slave states Is a good place for
these missionaries to let off some
of their surplus energy.
U. S. Soldiers March
In ku-Klux Parade
TV7HEN a crisis com6s and
someone at a distance
must be reached quickly,
the long-distance telephone
will prove  its worth.
B. C. Telephone Company
We .support   your   pat
Where do yon buy you
Painting Supplies?
Send ln Your Subscription Today.
In pursuance of this aim, they District of Columbia national
staged two attacks recently on the guardsmen, In summer camp in
Socialist Open . Forum in Hyde
Park, and got battered in the process.
Virginia, defied the. orders issued
by their' commander'and paraded
in white robes and masks with a
The "National Fascisti" and their' flery cross> rlght up t0 the _om.
rivals,  the "British Fascisti," are  mander-s tent.   He called out the
working together to break up So-  guar(1(   but  there  was   n0  guard.
cialist and labor meetings where-  *j;he parade likewise melted away.
EXDre8Smen'S  Strike  ever f°und'    At Present they, are  when  he searched  a number  of
  featuring   attacks   on   the  Trade  tjmtg he- foUha the guardsmen ap-
Scab Taxis Used In
(By Esther Lowell, Federated
NEW YORK—Yellow taxicabs
without passengers are being used
under railroads' request and police
protection to transport baggage
held up by the strike of expressmen in local 645, Teamsters,
Chauffeurs and Helpers union.
Union pickets under direction of
James Travers and Martin Lacey,
union president, patrol the districts
affected by the strike: Grand Central Terminal, Pennsylvania Station and ferry landings of other
railroads as well as the docks of
the Fall River Line and Hudson
Day line. Extra city police.as well
as railroad police are on duty at all
baggage transfer points,
Red cap porters are being forced
to handle trunks and heavy baggage in the railroad depots and
several hundred are diverted from
their usual carrying of hand baggage to this heavier work of striking expressmen. In response to
the railroad officials' request over
3000 Yellow Taxis over the ordinary number assigned for railroad
duty are being kept near stations
and at docks. Special attention is
given them to enable them to carry
baggage at their 20-cents-a-mile
rate.     Express  companies  charge
The strikers are demanding an
8-hour day with no reduction in
pay, time and a half for Sundays.
A further conflict took place in
Hyde Park recently, two Fascists
being injured in spite of the presence of many police;
parehtiy asleep, but fully clothed.
Instead of arresting them, he announced that defiance of his anti-
k'lan parade orders must* stop; The
klan  had staged a successful re-
As the Facists were responsible   volt, and had escaped unpunished,
for. provoking the melee no arrests
have been made.
Afterwards a prominent Faclst
peeped out of their bogey-hole in
Edgware Road and squawked to
the world that the Fascisti were
out to tear down red flags where-
ever they saw them and clear the
parks once and for all of this traitorous banner.
quite  as though  it were  a bootlegging  organization.
Sey. 486 32 Haatings St. E.
The Electric Shop Ltd;
Say. 6789 414 Hastings St. W.
Fresh Out Flowers,' Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Huting- St. Eut,  Say.  888-878     66S Granville Street   Sey. 9513-1391
*151 -kastinj-i Street West Sey.
(Continued from page 7)
ulatlng yourself on victory, Napoleon used to say, until you have
pursued tho enemy to the very
end. And to the end capitalism
is now our only hope of ever securing for ourselves a decent and
comfortable human existence.—
Lansbury's Labour Weekly.
A hundred years hence our descendants will consider us and our
institmtions with the same con*;
tempt We vouchsafe upon the Middle Ages.—ZOla.
Patronize Our Advertisers.
To any* one who
will prove that
anything Btated in
this ad is mis-
re p r esented or
To purchase direot from tho manufacturer a fine quality suit made
of pure wool valued at $60.00.
Strictly hand-tailored to your measure, serge or worsted.    Latest models.    Single or <_A (_(_
double-breasted   for   ONLY «p-«.vrvr
Send No Money—Write for our Special Offer. Perfect
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Six Pair Ladles'
light or heavy full
fashioned pure SILK
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SILK HOSE valued
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Write us at once for
full bargain offer to
5-Tube Radio Set
Send self-addressed, stamped
envelope —• for full particulars regarding this OFFER.
296   Broadway.   Net*   York,
Prepare for the winter ra
with a coat of good
and get that cosy effect. S
our finished samples al
use our free estimate u<
vice  on  paints  and  pane
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Sey. 4636 117 Hastings
M___KI_  your  dollar  go,
furthor; buy in the
low rent district.
Boys'   School   Boots, * Red   Stitch,
sizes   11-13%   $3.35
Sizes   1-6%  $3.96
Men's first quality Knee Gum
Boots      $4.26
Men's Solid Leather Oxfords, tan
or black; regular $4.50; to
clear    $8.60
Men's Trench Rain Coats, special   $9.76
Men's Heavy Rib *• TJnderwfcar, Si-
piece or combination; per suit,
$3.00  and    _  $4.60
See us for special prioes on Oil
Horsehide Oloves and Oauntlets,
special   $1*00
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's/  and   Boyi'    Furnishings,
Hate, Boota and Shoei
Between   7th   and   8th   Avenues
Phone Fair, 14
WB  ARE featuring the
** at   special   prices   th
week.    See  our  values
fore buying.
Genuine values in Shoes f
Shoe Store
Opp, Standard Furniture O
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887 Hastings St. W„ Vaneonvsr, I
Telephone!.- Seymour 8888 aad 88
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Phone Sey. 8955


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