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The Canadian Labor Advocate Jan 1, 1926

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!*riiicli Is Incorporated 1 /__, B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Eight Pages.
■owing stead-
oy-ecl men on
reau is given
o"h» -was being
fc    there   are   a
V    sl   liiage   -del-
eouncil   cham-
ork   or   relief-
bo    discuss   tlie
rs* Union
ecause      of     con-
offioers      of     the
tlio      sentence
-Lry.nch " of    this
idley    of    Winnl-
>■£    the    Gommer-
Union,     Division
executive   board
•e charged with
ia*r> •—, dual or-
rr-a_i>_t_L workers in
ia o,ne that has
unsuccessful Ca-
ass a. result of
al President Ho_j-
i-«ec«e_L-vecl st, grood
_e__-*o_m.     the    Oana-
l«i   Of
Liss-ed   .Miners
Circle in Van-
«__. co.Ti.cert in the
on. Wednesday,
t_ 8:30 p.m. The
_r_m__<ert is to raise
nee of the miners
trial for their
'r-vim heller, Alta.,
t summer. Some
sts already been
'*3L* hut *a*,n appeal
Several other
*»e heard, includ-
against        XCid
£ Saturday, Ja,n-
ice* will oe held
11 t>y the -rarious
ommunist Party
th the object of
r- the same pur-
proceeds of both
•or-warded to the
e T.eague to be
mitiers' case,
•s heen secured
*a.n«_l a really en-
assured   to   all.
"pyyi-NTC. in Chicago ought to be
the laat *hing anyone should
want to do. But If you're bound
to die in that place, please don't
do it now. "flie grave diggers aa-e
on strike. One of the boys might
heave  a brick at your remiadns and
make    it    look    like —wiell,   no
self-respecting corpse would want
to appear among the blessed with
a black eye, broken nose or cauliflower ear. -
The striking grave diggers de-
(mand $6 for an eight hour day
which is a rather unreasonialble demand, considering that burying
Chicagoans   should  be   pure joy.
Now*- did I see it, did I dream, it,
or did I get it out of a bottle?
Anyhow before my mind's eye* is
a newly dug ©rtave and this sign:
"By order of Local 1313, Amalgamated Association of Grave Dig-
gers,   affiliated  with  A.  F.  of L."
On a cemetery vault containing
a number. of cold storage corpses
longing foi- their final resting place
is the reassuring poster
"Last sad rites will be performed as soon as Burns' Agency can
secure   strike   breakers.'"
The superintendent of one of the.
struck cemeteries stated that most
of trie striking grave diggers are
old men -with one foot in the grave
and that 45 cents per hour is relally
a noble wage for these superannuates.
And so it might be If these old
Ki-nts had only one foot in the
grave, but working with both feet
in the grave, they are clearly entitled   to   double  time."
For some unfathomable reason
the Chicago Tribune has so far refrained from blaming the striking
grave digger for the high cost of
In the Illinois Miner.
Russia and Peace
Tchicherin Denounces League of Nations
DARIS.—Georges Tchicherin, foreign minister for the Soviet
•*• Union, upon his arrival in Paris declared that Soviet Russia
did not consider the League of Nations a means of bringing
about world peace. He denounced the league as a qpercion
of some states by others and expressed Russia's willingness
tto not only abolish the army, but all of the war industries.
"I deny that the League of Nations as constituted today
is a real instrument for world peace," declared Tchicherin.
In referring to the question of whether the Soviet Union
would become a part of the league, he declared:
_ ' "I  really  cannot  see  how  our
entry into the league can be expected   to   promote   a   settlement
Carl Brannin To Speak
In Royal Sunday Night  of  outstanding  questions  between
  Ourselves and other nations, when
The   speaker  at   the,  Canadian those vel*y natlohs have UP to the
Laibor Party's meeting on Sunday P"**"   refused   *°  recognize   us
Moreover,   we   reject   a  cardinal
night next will be Carl Brannin,
staff correspondent for the^eder-
ated Press. Mr. Branin spent some
considerable time in Russia, various of his articles on Russian life
appearing ln THE ADVOCATE.
He also visited several European
countries, and attended the British  Trades  Congress at  Scar'bor-
doctrine of the league—the idea
of the coercion of some states by
others, There is yet another reason for our refusal to join the
league. I must point out that the
insistent invitations that, certain
members of it are addressing to
us-comes with very ill grace from
eupation of our territories."
Referring to disarmament, Tchicherin said:
' 'After the termination of the
war we were,  I believe, the first
Canadian Unions Seek
For New Affiliations
German Trade Unions
Form Triple Alliance
(By Federated Press)
BERLIN.—An alliance of railwaymen, state and municipal
workers and municipal functionaries has been agreed upon at
Frarikfort-on-Maln by the local
and district executives of the unions concerned, for presenting a
united front to the empolyers. This
move Is hailed as a first step in
Germany towards imitating the
British industrial alliance and
presenting a united industrial front
regardless   of  industry or craft.
countries which not only reject all
ough,  as well  as the  conference ^ 0VertureB for mutuai aocom.
of the Minority, Movement in Lon- modatl       but are actuaU    ln 00.
don.   The subject of Mr. Brannin's
address will be: "The Situation in
The meeting will be held in the
Royal   Theatre.     Doors   open   at
7:30 p.m., meeting commences at  ""'   "*   '•*■•**• *  "?"_'*'• ""c '""'
•:"**... nation   to  advocato   disarmament,
p,lm" and   we   officially   expressed   our
. ' approval of this policy in our ro
Pans Papers Favor (continued on page 2.
The House of Morgan
PARIS.—The one hope* to save
the franc is aid from, the United
Stales, This is the public declaration of the new finance minister
Paul Doumer, who followed Caillaux and Loucheur in the job of
tryiing to stabilize French currency.
But the United States can be
brought to Invest capital In France
only under one condition—that is
a Dawes plan for the country. In
spite of all the twisting and tu*rn-
of the government to avoid this
fate, there seems no other way
out of the muddle.
Already that part of tho French
press subsidized by the American
banking combine under the leadership of .1. P. Morgan & company
is conducting propaganda for a
Dawes' plan by publishing stories
about thla rise of industry awo*
commerce in Germany under the
plan and the sinWng of the franc
and the general distress threatening the French republic.
rhe       Ttev.      -S.      A.
eacher-pervert    of
s     as.     free    man   un-
ntence    though   lie
<_>       corrupting-    the
■*—tt_     in    homes   that
a.    trusted    mentor.
c»f     the     authorities
■r±-tr___-     protest    from
nion      -Bulletin     of
s**oms    strange   that
sent     to     Jail    for
but      a.      man     who
ie        moral      atmos-
*>l**e       community    is
Highlights on This
Week's News
Jobless    Army    Growing T. 1
Unions   Seek   New   Affiliations  1
Mine    Picket*    Fined....  1
World   Court   Disturbs   Lawmakers.... 2
Fur-workers    Seek   32-Hour  Week  3
Machines   Displace  Miners  6
Int*»rn»tional   Labor Unity  7
Iraq    Standards    Set    British   Wage
Rat of.      1
Irish    Boycott    Shannon   Hydro   Pmn 7
Russia   and   Peace <  1
Ebert   Aided  White  Guards  2
Anglo-Saxon   Russian Relations  8
Drumheller Miners Are
Fined For Picketing
DRUMHELLER, Alta.—Striking
miners here had it recently
brought home to them once more
that the state is anything but a
Two men, John Blake and
George Demytruk, two miners
who acted as pickets at the Western Gem and Caledonia mines
during the recent strike, were
haled into court here' and charged with "watching and besetting."
The two men pleaded guilty,
upon the advice of their counsel,
and were fined $25 .each or in
default one month in jail. The
fines were paid.
(By John Robur, Federated Press)
OTTAWA, Can.—Revolts are on
in two Canadian organizations affiliated with the American Federation of Labor. In the International Brotherhood of Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders & Helpers
the seceding group propose to
link up with the Canadian Brotherhood of Railway Employees,
while an independent union is the
proposal among the Canadian
members of the Canadian Telegraphers' union.
The trouble among the boilermakers has arisen over tho plan
for compulsory insurance which
went into effect in Septembor.
.President Franklin of the international body has visited Montreal
and Installed a new set of officers
in the local there friendly to retaining the existing organization.
The secessionists claim 76 per
cent, of the Canadian membership, while the International officers assert that only a small part
of the union is affected.
Among the commercial telegraphers Harry Lynch, leader of
the movement for a Canadion
union, has been elected head of
the organization of members in
the Canadian National division,
defeating C. McMahon, who favors
connection with the body In the
United States. Lynch states that
there are 2,600 members of the
union in Canada, and only 2,400
in the United States, and declares
that the international officers
have refused' the members a referendum on a separate union, a
right he claims they hold under
the constitution. Page Two
Friday, January 1,!
Jobless Army Growing
In Northwest Cities
PORTLAND, Ore.—The number
of unemployed in the larger cities
of the Northwest is continually
Increasing, as many workers from
other sections keep piling in.
About 600 men were laid off in
one of the logging camps near
here, while most of the camps
are shutting down for two or
three weeks for the holiday season.
In the fnland Empire, where
sawmilling has been brought to a
seasonal close, and where few
woods operations are running, the
unemployment situation has become even more acute than on
the coast. Spokane has a large
number of unemployed with absolutely no prospects for many
months of ever getting a. Job.
World Court Battle
Disturbs Lawmaker
German Witness Says
Ebert Aided Whites
Agriculturists Treated
Differently in Canada
SYflNEY, Australia. — In New
South Wales a law has been passed making it compulsory for
ranch owners to provide proper
apd sufficient accommodation and
buildings free of all cost to their
employees. Sleeping quarters are
to be divided into apartments,
each to accommodate not more
than two persons. No upper bunks
are permitted. It is also compulsory to provide 480 cubic feet of
air space for each person sleeping in any compartment. Where
two are in a room, there must be
at least 960 cubic feet of air
space in the room. No room used
for sleeping can be used for the
cooking or serving of meals or
for storage of food.
Worker Found Guilty
In Sedition Charge
Edward Horacek, first of nine
defendants to be tried in Pittsburgh for violation of the Pennsylvania anti-sedition law, was
found guilty December 4th of distributing pamphlets and belonging to an organization advocating
the overthrow of the government.
His bail was immediately renewed
and the conviction will be appealed to a higher court.
The Indictment was returned In
May, 1923, following a raid on
Workers' Party offices by state
' and federal agents, who thereby
"balked a May Day plot." Nine
persons were indicted. The other
cases will not be' tried until Ho-
racek's. appeal has been heard.
DERLIN.—On November 1 the
government was giving unemployment-doles to. a total of 332,-
907, and by November IB this
number had risen to 471,000, an
increase of 138,093, about 30 per
cent. While figures for the end
of November are not yet available, it is reliably estimated that
by that time no less than 500,000
people were beging assisted by the
government. Unemployment ln
part time also Increased considerably.
Short time work is steadily increasing in the glass and porcelain industries. This is also true
of the metal industry and the engineering trades, including the
manufacture of automobiles, motorcycles, sewing machines and
similar products. Many workers
have been discharged from the
rolling mills and glass furnaces
in the Ruhr and in Westphalia,
while employment in -coal and
other lines also fell off during
the month, with the exception of
the brown coa*l Industry of Saxony, where there was some demand for skilled workmen. Conditions remain the same in the
Rhlneland. Even in the chemical
industry a number of workmen
have been thrown out of work.
The sugar beet harvest created
a slight demand for agricultural
workers. Cotton spinning mills
are still working full time, while
knitting and weaving mills are
on part time.    '
The average wage in the building, woodworking, metallurgical,
printing and railway branches ls
now 44 per cent, above the 1913
average for skilled workers and
58.3 per cent, above it for unskilled workers. Although the
wage index would make it appear
that the purchasing power of German labor was practically the
same as in 1913, this impression
is not correct. In reality the general standard of living of German labor is below pre-war.
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON. — Galleries of
the senate are crowded all day
long as the opening speeches in
the world court battle are delivered. Women representing various associations and clubs comprise the majority of these listeners. It is evident that the world
court has been "sold" to women
as being a guaranty of world
peace. Women are against war,
except in time of war, and the
advocates of the world court have
persuaded millions of them in the
United States that American adherence to this court is necessary
to make the tribunal a permanent
success. They realize that some
sacrifice of American freedom of
action is involved in membership
in the group of all nations which
maintains the tribunal, but they
have been convinced that the
price paid is small in return for
the benefits that will come to the
world in our time.
It ls this idealistic crusading,
rather intolerant spirit, that Borah and his associates must meet,
rather than simply the tricks of
the international bankers, who
look upon the court as a bulwark
against radical economic disturbance. It is because Borah realizes this tnat he has Introduced
his reservations which would ban
all use of force or economic "sanctions"—such as the French used
in grabbing the Ruhr—by the authority carrying into effect the
opinions -fo be given by the court.
He must show the women of America that tHe court Is a war-
maker rather than a peace-maker.
French Plead Poverty
But Banks Grow Rich
Russia and Peace
(Continued  from   page   1)
ply to the draft of the treaty of
mutual assistance. We not only
vehemently criticized that treaty
for giving enormous international
power to a few states, but we rejected It as delaying the practical
settlement of the disarmament
question. Incidentally, I have just
received the report of the speech
made in Moscow by M. Rykoff,
chairman of the council of commissaries, in Which he makes the
downright offer to abolish not
only the army, but Russian war
industries, provided complete disarmament becomes general. He
goes on to say that he is ready
to give his fullest support to any
attempt at even part disarmament.
This readiness of ours to disarm
is not a mere rhetorical gesture;
it is implied in our fundamental
attitude to the world. We renounce not only the policy, but
even the very idea of conquest.
And we n«ed an army and navy
only for defense."
Tchicherin, in discussing the
Locarno pact, declared the pact
was part of a drive of the capitalist powers on Soviet Russia, and
further reiterated Russia's desire
for peace by saying: "Locarno or
npt Locarno, we want real peace
and the removal of antagonisms
which would tear the whole world
to pieces, and we are wholeheartedly ready to make our contribution to this end."
(By Federated Press)
PARIS—The money power of
the big French banks, which enables them to make and unmake
governments at will and to protect their colonial Interests wtth
the French army, not to mention
such a detail as defeating a general strike of their $25-ai-month
employees, is no mere 'bagatelle.
But the huge scale of their recently published profits has exceeded all expectations, 4,357,617,-
820 francs (1 franc, 4c) being the
precise reckoning* of the admitted
profits of 67 French hanks in the
last five years (1919 to 1924).
These profits have been made
on an original capital of only 3,-
500,000,000 francs. This is the
admitted velvet of thlis group of
bankers, and it probably gives only
a very meager idea of their real
profits. Profits of some of the
l>iggest French banks in francs
5-Tr. Profits       Capitol Proflti
Banque de
France    182,500,000    1,000,500,000
Banque  de
Puys-Bas ....200,000,000 182,390,594
Compt.  Nat.
d'Escompte 250,000,000 178,867,106
Lyonnais ....250,000,000 240,854,75*1
Credit Foncier
de France. 800,000,000      402,540.4461
Tho Bahque de Paris et des
Pays'-Ba*s is the French institution
which is chiefly Interested in the
war in Morocco, as it has heavy
investments thleire.
Apart from these profits, fgures
published in 1923 showed that 10
banks alone had accumulated as
much as 90,000,000,000 francs of
reserves. The starvation wages of
the bank clerks, who average $5
to $6 a week provides a contrast
to the prosperity of their employers.    \
Rail Labor Board Plays
Company Union Favorite
(By  Federated  Press)
CHICAGO.—Steady pressure by
the Union Pacific to force clerical
employees of its subsidiary Oregon
Short Line to join the company
union has at last born fruit in a
decision of tha U. S. railroad labor
board. It sanctions an election in
which the Brotherhood of Ra,ilwpy
Clerks refused to participate. The
board decides that the employees
in that election showed a preference for the association fostered
'by the management.
The case dates back to September 1921-when a majority of the
road's clerical employees voted for
representation by the brotherhood.
Within 4 months of that election
the company union petitioned for
a new vote and although the railroad denied the petition and the
matter went to the board, it is apparent that'the management was
simply covering Its tracks. The
board decided that no new election
wias warranted.
On a similar petition from the
oompany union In September 1925
the road went ahead with an election over the brotherhood's protest and without waliting for a
decision from the board. The result wias 341 for the brotherhood
574 for the company union, 4
blank and 75 void. Although the
■brotherhood Was willing to enter
into an election jointly arranged
after the board has passed on the
dispute, the board sanctions the
elections held by the carrier.
A labor board decision in January 1924 helped the Union Pacific establish a company union
among the dispatchers employed
by its subsidllBlry Oregon Washington Railroad & Navigation Co. In
that case the road openly offered
its employees a better agreement
tf they left the bonaflde union.
BERLIN.—Remarkable evidence
was given In a libel case at Munich recently by Genoral Groeweir,
who was Chief of the German
General Staff at the time of the
Germjan revolution in November,
1918. Testifying to the German
Social-Democrats' patriotism, he
"On November 10, 1918, I had
a telephone conversation with
Ebert, and we concluded an alliance to fight Bolshevism and Sovietism and restore,law and order.
On the same day I advised Hlndenburg not to use arms against the
revolution, but to come to am un-
understandlng with the Majority
Socialists. Although the old Field-
Marshal did not take kindly to the
idea, he realized the necessity of
such a decision, and consented.
"Every day between 11 p. m.
tand 1 a*im. the staff of the High
Command . talked to Ebert on a
special secret telephone. From
November 10 our immediate object
was to wrest power in Berlin out
of the hands of the Councils of
Wjor-kers' and soldiers' Deputies.
"With this object we proposed
that ten divisiona 'be moved to
Berlin. But the Independent Socialist members of the Council of
Pleiople's Coniimllssarles demanded
that the troops be armed with
blank cartridge only. Then Ebert
moved and carried, at the Council
the proposal that the troops should
enter Berlin with  ball  cartridge."
Groener wtent on to describe
how, in December, Ebert co-operated with the white troops, secretly
organized by the General Staff,
'in disarming and breaking up the
sailor's battalion, which Wad been
brought by the Council of Deputies to Berlin.
Eberts told him, he said, that
his political objects were to drive
the Independents out of thel Pro-
Visional government and secure the
summoning of the National Assembly. "He seoured this result with
greater skill th*a*n that of any of
the war-time Chancellors."
The evidence has caused a sensation in Labor circles, particularly amongst tr-ade unionists, for
whom Ebert had been an idol.
Plain truth will influence half a
score men at most ln a nation, or
an age, while mystery will lead
millions by the nose.—Earl of Bol-
Radicals Who Desire
To Buy Are Different
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON. — Secretary " of
State Kellogg has come bravely
out with it: His mile-high barricade against the entry into this
country of radical propagandists
will not apply to those who come
to buy American goods in quantity. Officials of the Union of
Socialist Soviet Republics may
come as often and as freely as
officials of any other country, if
they come as agents of international trade. But against distinguished or prominent persons who
come to talk and write, and who
are suspected of sympathy with
the purposes of the Soviet Union
—ah, there his guard is vigilantly
A cruelly literal reporter for a
big string of papers asked him
about it, and Kellogg explained.
His exact words cannot be quoted,
as that is contrary to the rules,
but the substance of his defense
was that the Coolldge administration has no desire to Impede the
freest of trade relations with Russia. Its trade agents may come
as they please, and' be banquetted
by bankers in Wall Street or elsewhere without danger of collision
with the department. But Countess Karolyi and the Princess Zlz-
zianoff, who wanted to come here
to lecture, or to visit ahd be Interviewed, were—well, the department will protect the nation
against insidious propaganda!
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401
polltan Bldg.
Vancouver Turkish Baths,
Bldg., 744 Hartings St W.
HASKINS   *   ELLIOTT,   800
Street W. Tho belt makes of
on efts? termo.
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Ma
H. Harvey, 68 Cordova St.
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastings 8\
Dr. d. a. McMillan, pa
Graduate. Open daily and'
ings. Dawson Blk., eor. Hasting
Main.    Fhone Soy. 8954.
Dr.   W.  J.  Curry,   S01  Don
Red  Star Drug Store,  Cor.
dova and Carrall.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 41 I
tings St. E.
Cordova St. W„ few doors w(f
Woodward's.   Sey. 8687.   Wholesar
retail  window  glass.
Grandvi-jw   Hospital—Medical,
leal,   maternity.     1090   Victoria
High. 1.7.
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cos]
Arthur Frith & Co.,_2313 MaJ
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and'
ings Streets.
W.   B.   Brummitt,    18-20  CoJ
paired,  by expert.    Will  E(\
965   Robson  St.     Sey.  2094.
Titnian  Optical House,' 616
ings West. :
Gregory   &   Reid,    117   _tt
Street East. ■
Mainland Cigar Store, 310
You working-men, you are |
than the salt ot this earth,
oult you society would perls!]
ciety does not need the idle-J
talists.   They are parasites.
aire worsa than useless. They I
ly take what you make, leavinf
in poverty; thousands of you
if not now, when the times be!
hard.    And  every few  year!
times become hard in the cajp|
system.—Eugene V. Debs.
Geo. McCuaif
Phont Sey. 1070
748 Richards Street, Vancouver,
Gold has wings which oarry
everywhere except to heaven.—
Russian proverb.
The right arm of Labor is a
Strang press. Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
EMPLOYED ay, January 1, 1926
Page Three
;- - POLITICS - -
tents Arrested In       Workers' Wages Rise
Strike .demonstration In Soviet Republic
Furworker Union Asks    German Unemployed
32 To 40-Hour Week        Army Grows Bigger
YNGHAI,    China. — Fifteen
fits, including one girl, have
(arreBted here (for leading a
nstration    against   a    police
and    distributing    propa-
i,ti the international settle-
demanding   the   release   of
hen strike agitators who were
[tded by the mixed court fol-
disturbances in the British
Japanese cotton mills,
industriai situation is sim-
that which existed at the
Tof the riot last May,  except
J so   far  there   has   been   no
|*ing.    It is, however,  regard-
grave by the capitalists, ow-
the organization of a gen-
\ labor  union  by the  Chinese
kai Published To
Czecho-Slovak Army
VGUE,   Czecho-Slovakia—The
nunist  Youth   has   published
Ippeal to the  Czech  soldiers,
Hollowing demands have also
\ published:
Reduction in the number of
fer officers.    (2)   Smaller sal-
, for these officers.    (3)  Ces-
in of pensions for the officers
fe old Austro-Hungarian offi-
(4) Higher pay for soldiers
non-commissioned     officers,
leintroduction  of care com-
|on.    (6) Permission to serve
he's birthplace.    (7)  Prohlbi-
|;o use soldiers as strikebreak-
(8) Prohibition of deduction
pay  as  penalty.     (9)   Free
Uon   of   political   newspaper
literature.    (10) Soldiers' free
Jsipatlon  in  the   political  life
|eir own discretion. (11) Pre-
on   of  the   abolition   of  sol-
franchise.    (12) Liquidation
tie  church   administration   of
MOSCOW, U. S. S. R.—When the
new economic policy was introduced the average wage workers
in Soviet Russia was only about
30 per cent, of the pre-war wages.
But the reconstruction of industry
brings with it a gradual rise tn
wages. In the food Industry wages
are now 128.5% of the pre-war
level, In the chemical industry
113.6%, in the paper industry 110.6
%, in the leather Industry 107.8%,
in the printing trade 100% and in
the wood industry 86.1 %.
The industries which lag behind
are: the metal Industry—76%, the
oil industry 65%, the mining industry 65%, railways 67% of the
pr|ei-war level.
Wages are on an average about
95% of the pre-war level.
On the whole wages continue bn
the upward g-rade. The new tariff
agreement with the Central Porcelain Trust provides for a wage
Increase of 10%. The new wages
tariff in the rubber industry provides for an Increase from 5 to
The new tariff agreement in the
engineering industry provides for
wage increases of 5-14% and an
average increase of 11.6%.
There has been a 12% rise ln
the wage at post and telegraph officials and workers on October 1st.
Over and above this a further increase of 8% is contemplated.
As a first step towards internal
'peace during the next Imperialist war Mussolini wants to tie up
the workers in the factories and
of the 'farms in such a way that
they willl not be able to make even
meek protests against their poor
conditions. That is the full Intent behind the Syndicalist BUI
which provides for the compulsory arbitration of labor disputes
in all branches of production, Including agriculture. The law was
declared acceptable to the bosses
in the big Industries.
For 13 years, miners employed
in the state coal mines 'in New
Zealand have had the right to decide What timbering should be used
to make their working places reasonably safe against accident. The
government, in order to cheapen
production, has now filched this
right from the miners. A strike is
now in progress as a result of the
government's action.
sisti Agents Kill
Three Labor Dailies
|(By Federated Press.)
JAN,   Italy,—Recent   fascisti
I against Italian labor include
I'omplete  suppression  of  the
working class dailies, Avan-
ustizia and Unita, which had
liued a somewhat  precarious
fnce in between confiscations
aids, and the turning over to
-iscist corporations of the la-
femples at Milan and  Rome,
\\l as numerous trade union
kuarters.    The   labor  temple
enoa   has been  dissolved   by
l»torial decree.
tcist   oppression   is   also   re-
|lble for  the recent  dissolu-
pf the postal workers'  union
Fascist Murderess
Released By Austria
VIENNA, Austria. 7- The Austrian fascist justice permitted
Mencia Carnicui, murderer of the
Macedonian revolutionary, Todor
Panizza, to return to Bulgaria after having sentenced her to hard
labor. This was done with the
argument that Carnicui was so ill
that she had only a month to live
and that she could under no' circumstances begin to serve her
eight years'  sentence.
She was transported to the Hungarian frontier and permitted to
return to Bulgaria, where she was
regarded as a national heroine. It
is very peculiar that the woman,
who was to die in a month, is
now perfectly healthy, travelling
from town to town and speaking
at meetings, The last stages of
consumption, in which she was
alleged to have been, according
to the servile statements of the
Austrian prison physicians, cannot
be noticed  any  more.
French airplane squardrons have
started a campaign of aierial bombardment of the Druse strongholds
near the Palestine borders. No attention is being given to whether
bombs fall on women and children
or armed men, in fact, a well-
placed bomb in a vilage full of
women and children earns the aviator a croix de guerre.
(By Federated Press.''
NEW YORK. — The 40-hour
week with no overtime permitted,
elimination of all piecework, and
-wage increases df $10 a week and
more, are leading articles in-the
fun text of demands the fur-
York manufacturers in place of
the agreement that expires January v31.
The first answer of the manufacturers' association was to refuse any changes in the old agreement, and if this position is held
a strike impends. The New York
joint board recently showed its
strength in a victory over the
Greek manufacturers, bringing a
large portion of the still unorganized section of the market under union control, and a confident
spirit is in the air.
Plans for unemployment regulation call for the 32-hour week
whenever an unemployment emergency exists and unemployment
insurance, to which manufacturers shall contribute weekly 3 per
cent, of wages paid, the fund to
be controlled by the union. A similar insurance plan is" followed by
the capmakers.
All home work (a pernicious
form of oVertime) must end, says
another clause. Manufacturers
may only contract work out to
shops that have at least 10 workers and agreements with the union. May day must be recognized
as a holiday.
(By Federated Press.)
BERLIN.—An Increase of more-
than 100,000 ln the number of
German unemployed in two weeks
is shown by the latest unemployment figures. The number of
registered unemployed ln receipt
of full relief is 471,000 for the
middle of November, as against
346,000 at the end of October and
195,000 in June. These figures do
not represent the hundreds of
thousands of unemployed who receive only partial relief or no relief at all. If these are added it
is estimated there are 1,250,000
unemployed in Germany, without
taking into account two or three
million -workers on short time.
At the annual conference of the
Australian miners federation at
Sydney, it- was decided to abandon
compulsory arbitration and to
adopt conciliation and voluntary
arbitration, reserving the right to
strike. It was decided to affiliate
with the Miners' International
France refuses to consider the
pea|ce terms of Abd-El-Krim
brought to Paris by Gordon Canning, an English officer, Premier
Briand declared. Canning dleclares
that Abd-El-Krim is willing to end
war in Morocco on the basis of the
offer made last July.
Reactionaries Protest
Release Of Ben Gitlow
Stay at the
The Plaoe Called Home
|.orner GORE AVE. and
Phone Sey. 6121
00  Elegantly Furnished
,   Rooms.
iRooms with Private Bath
Moderate  Priees
NEW YORK. ~ The general
board of assistants of the Society
of Mayflower Descendants are
afraid that the United States will
get out of the hands of those who
can trace their ancestry to the
witch hunters of Massachusetts,
unless we have some more anarchy la-ws. This organization
thinks the New York law a good
model for other states, and urges
the organization of a campaign
to make lt national.
Captain George L.- Darte, adjutant general of the Military Order of the World War. deplored
Gitlow's release. Like the wizened
dames of the Mayflower breed,
the general is being used as a
mouthpiece for big business.
A general streetcar strike every
Sunday was unanimously decided
on by the annual convention of the
Belgian streetcar workers union,
representing 13,000 workers, until
the employers comply with dte,-
mands for a strict 8-hour day, a
raise in wages, a minimum wage
and a pension scheme.
As the result of a judicial inquiry of the killing of 12 Chinese
students and wounding of 17 others during the anti-Japanese demonstrations here on May 30, the
municipal council has awarded
$75,000 to the families of those
Workers' Children €ome
First in Soviet Union
MOSCOW.—The Moscow Soviet
has Introduced a new regulation
regarding school fees, according
to which education in the elementary schools is free of charge. In
the higher and technical schools
education remains free of charge
for the children of Red army
men, sailors, invalids of labor,
pensioners, unemployed and all
workers whose . earnings are less
than 75 roubles a month, all artisans who do not employ hired
labor and whose Income does not
exceed 76 roubles a month.
Manual and office workers
earning between 75 and 100
roubles a month pay a school fee
of one rouble a month for their
children, the school fees are graded according to the earnings of
the parents, the maximum fee being 12 roubles a month. Artisans
not employing outside labor power
pay the same as workers.
For families with several children of school age, the general
school fee must not exceed 10
per cent, of the father's wage.
People belonging to free professions, trades people, clergy, etc,
pay 160 to 220 roubles a year.
All those who have to pay property tax, namely, members of the
bourgeoisie, pay 300 to 380 roubles
a year.
Municipal Engineers
To Unite Nationally
(By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK.—More than five
hundred municipal engineers from
New York Chicago, Boston, Baltimore, Toronto, Philadelphia and
other cities in the United States
and Canada are expected at a
convention to be held in the Engineers' Societies building later
this month. The purpose is the
formation of a national municipal
engineers' organization that will
link up the new Association of
New York Engineers with those
of the other cities. Officers complain that city engineers boss
bricklayers and other mechanics
who make nearly twice as much
as they do. "The difference between a white collar and a flannel
shirt," says one, "does not make
up for the difference in wages."
A flat salary increase of 25 per
cent, made by the New York engineers recently was turned down.
Ont lowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Irown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
iHutingl  St. But,  Ssy.  8I8-872     066 OtuTillt Stmt   Sty. 961S-1S81
151 HMtinfi  Street Weit..., Sey.  1870
Leon Trotsky has been elected a
member of the persldium of the
Russian Communist Party, following his acceptance of Communist
discipline, and is inducted into the
active political work of the party.
MONTREAL—-(F.P.)—A drive
by American Interests to secure a
stranglehold on Canada's basic
metals is seen by The Finanoial
Post, which says that the "great
bulk of base metal properties are
falling into U. S. hands."
Industrial Unions Are
Outlawed By U.S. Judge
WHEELING, W. Vo. — Few
workers among the ones outside
those immediately engaged in the
battle against the non-unlqji operators of West Virginia realize
the significance of the recent injunction of Judge McCllntic
against the United Mine Workers.
Judge McCllntic, in issuing the
injunction, said that he based his
notion upon the clause ln the I'
M. W. of A. constitution which,
In his view, makes the union a
monopoly. The clause is as follows:
"To unite in one organization,
regardless of creed, color or nationality, all workmen eligible for
membership employed in or around
coal mines, washeries and coke
ovens on the American continent."
Horthy WiU Try To
Kill Mathias Rakosi
BUDAPEST, Hungary.—Former
Minister Marieh,, two other Hungarians and their wives, were arrested a,nd charged with being
Communists and spies in the pay
of the Soviet government by the
Horthy hangmen of Hungary in a
new reign of terror.
The police have declared that
they have ''confessions" from their
victims admitting membership in
a Communist organization and
that they are members of the Soviet Union legation in Vienna.
The methods of the Horthy-ruled
Hungarian police are too well
known to give any credence to
"plots" and to "confessions" announced by them.
The Horthy hangmen are determined to hang Mathias Rakosi,
und if they can keep the eyes of
the world on another "Bolshevik"
uprising or "plot," they believe
they can hand the leadei-3 of the
Hungarian working class without
protests from the international
proletariat. It seems as though
Horthy has learned a lesson from
Benito Mussolini, head of the Italian black-shlrted morons, who engineered a red scare, then released
the murderers of Matteotti, and
followed that up by taking more
dictatorial power into his claws.
WASHINGTON. — Demands for
repeal of all anti-trust laws ln
order that business may combine
into giant groups that will establish "business self-government"
were made by the national distribution conference held in Washington under the auspices of the
U. S. Chamber of Commerce. Billions of Industrial capital were
represented In the meeting. It
decided to create a joint board
on trade relations, to act as a
clearing house for  business.
„__■ :	 Page Four
Friday, January 1, 19
Address  All  Letters  and
Remittances to the Editor
3ty* (Eanahtatt labor A&trorai*
1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C. Phone Sey. 2132
$2 A^ YEAR
;: Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
PROSPERITY arrived in Vancou-
ver in the year 1821, according to the chronology ot this "western metropolis" published iu a recent issue of the Province. Vancouver had its lirst train Incident;
its great fire event; its Klondike
rush; its building boom; and its
great war rumpus, but old man
Prosperity took up bis residence
here in 1821. Incidentally that
was the year of the open sliop
drives, and tlie time when the
"deflation ol Labor" began. That
the gentleman has been exceedingly bountiful is evidenced by the
' following Ust, published in the
same Issue 6f the same paper.
*    *    *
CANTA CLAUS it appeal's is be-
^ coming decript as thc years
roll by, so the Province set out to
assist him by collecting alms to
supply the famishing with a meal
on Christmas day. That prosperity
really dwells here is shown by the
following list ot food stuffs given out by tlie Province to Vancouver's hungry: "Nearly seven
nnd one half tons ol roast beef,
more than nine and a half tons
of potatoes, 4260 tins of soup,
2130 tins of tomatoes, 2130 tins
of salmon, 2130 Christmas cakes,
4260 pounds of sugar, 1200 loaves
of bread, 2130 tins of milk, 2130
pounds of tea, 2130 pounds of cocoa, 2130 packets of raisins, 21S0
pounds of butter, more than eight
and a half tons of apples, 1830 boxes
of Japanese oranges, 100 doz.cn
navel oranges, 2130 pounds of
nuts, and 4260 packets of figs."
. * *
•pur THIS, despite Prosperity's
lour years' reign, was not sufficient to feed the perishing multitudes. So keenly wero some people feeling tlie pinch of want that
"The hampers that went out on
Christmas Eve did not represent
aU Uie work of distribution, for
1278 additional parcels were sent
out earlier In the week to cases
where the need was more Immediate;" and we are further Informed that "a few cases still remain
to be dealt with." Tlie question
now becomes who aro tlie "people"
that Prosperity has conferred his
favors on? Obviously, those who
are always referred to as "the
people" in capitalist society, i.e.
the monied class.
t   »    *
** and undernourishment" arc
stated to be the cause for tlie death
of a North Vancouver resident.
The man was found in his shack ln
a dying condition, and the only
food in the place were a few articles which friends had given him
for Christmas. Apparently the
authorities have no desire to make
any undue noise nbout tlie matter
so "an Inquest is not considered
necessary". When a person is killed by some other person an inquest is invariably held, but when
capitalist society starves a man to
death by Inches it Is not looked
upon us anyone's business, and
those who daro to make any mention of it nre treated as outcasts,
and branded as demagouges. Tills
incident is another illustration of
how capitalist prosperity ministers
to the needs of the working class.
Echoes of Lausanne
C0VIET JiUSSIA, after being treated as an outcast, villified
and lied about by all the great powers, as well as by the
smaller fry who desired to emulate their bloated brethren, is
today forcing tha imperialistic hierarchy to beg and whine
at her feet.
That international monstrosity—tlie League of Nations—
at its birth refused to have any dealings with the Russian
workers' government, but, driven by economic necessity and
outgeneraled at every move they made, the various powers
affiliated to the League finally began to make overtures to
the Soviet Republic.
In May, 1923, while attending the Lausanne Conference
(to which Russia had been invited), Vaslav Verowsky, the
Soviet, government's envoy, was shot to death and two cf
his comrades seriously wounded by a Swiss engineer named
Oonradi. The murderer was arrested, and after a farcial trial,
at which he attempted to justify his deed by saying that it
was done out of revenge, Conradi was acquitted, the Swiss
government apparently being of the opinion that shooting a
Bolshevik was no crime.
Russia immediately instituted a boycott against Switzerland; and stated that the people of the one nation should hoc
enter the domain of the other.
Two and a half years have passed, and onco again the
great powers are desirous of calling an international confer-
once, for the alleged purpose of disarmament, and this time
they state that if Russia is not present the conference will be
a failure. The meeting is being called by the League of
Nations, the headquarters of which is at Geneva, and Russia
has informed them that she will not attend a conference on
Swiss soil.
This reply has caused consternation, in Switzerland, and
already the press is discussing the advisability of moving the
League's headquarters elsewhere. The workers of Russia are
giving our imperialistic rulers a lesson in how to respect
members of thc working class, and are demonstrating that
the workers' Soviet government is a force to be reckoned with
in international politics.
A Robbers' Peace
Tasks Ahead
Capitalism has had a long run,
and it has been chiefly successful
in the manufpoture of poverty.—
Sir Leo Chiozza Money.
TjuJNDS are urgently required to defend the Alberta miners
who are facing the courts as a result of their activities
during the mining strike in that district last summer. These
men are being threatened with jail because they fought against
a reduction in their, standard of living, and for an adequate
amount of food and clothing for their children, and surely
it ^is not too much to ask any member of the working class
to contribute towards the defence of these Labor fighters.
But not only is financial aid required. The organized
pressure of all Canadian workers is necessary if these men
are to be saved from a term in the penitentiary. If they go
to jail no strike picket will be safe, and strikes cannot be
carried on without pickets.
In every basic industry in this country the organizations
of Labor have either been smashed or else prevented from
coming into existence. These occupations are where the great
mass of the workers arc employed, and the strength of the
organized Labor movement in Canada depends upon whether
these men are in a union. The coal miners were the only
exception to this rule, but during the past two years the
fierce attacks of the mine owners have all but demolished
their bulwarks of defence.
lf ever the workers of Canada needed to rally their
forees and unite against the common enemy it is today. Capital is becoming ever more domineering. Every day it demands more and more abject submission to its demands.
Taking the country as a whole, the gains made by organized
Labor during and in the years immediately following the war
have almost all been swept away.
As the year 1925 ends, so must the apathy and indifference of our fellow workers be broken down,, and next year
our task must be to revivify our movement, making it an
even more powerful factor in the life of our class. Let this
be our New Year's resolution.
COME time ago Mr. Lloyd Qeorge
wanted to know if the League
of Nations was a sham. It is not
only a sham, but a delusion and
a snare for the working class of
all nations.
Viscount Cecil of Chelwood,
Great Britain's representative on
the League, in a recent speech
referred to the smoothness and
rapidity with which the League
acted when Greece and Bulgaria
declared war, but with all its
smoothness and rapidity of action
the League allows France to pillage, murder and destroy on two
fronts,  Syria and Morocco.
Two months ago, in Morocco,
a squadron of French ' bombing
planes dropped 3,000 pounds of
bombs on a market place, whero
the Riffs were peaceably engaged
in buying and selling provisions,
killing and wounding 800 men,
women and children—mostly women and children.
On November llth the French
in Damascus publicly executed
throe Arabs, and left their bodies
suspended in the ropes with which
they were hanged for six hours.
A placard giving the details of
their "crime" was affixed to each
body. The "crime" for which
they were executed was that they
were members of a force which
attacked a French armed convoy
oil ils way to Bagdad. Think of
the howls of anguish emitted by
France and her allies when Germany invaded her territory and
was accused of committing tno
same outrages as the French are
perpetrating against the Riffs and
At the present day Fiance holds
a mandate from the League in
Syria," and is supposed to act the
part of a benevolent protector until such time as the Syrians take
the reins themselves. What a
lesson in governing they are getting! The Syrians have made forcible intimations to the French
that their room is preferable to
their company, and petitioned the
League to withdraw its mandate.
Does the League show any
smoothness and rapidity of action
by withdrawing the French mandate? No! the country, says the
League, Is in such a state of disorder (owing to the pressure of
its French protectors) that it
would be dangerous to Its people
to withdraw the French.
The territory of the Riffs has
been invaded by France in the
same manner as France was Invaded by Germany in 1914, and
the Riffs are making the boasted
military genius of France look
like a plugged nickel. France has
committed more damnable outrages and barbarities against the
Riffs than ever the Germans were
accused of in 1914. Does the
League show any smoothness and
rapidity of action in dealing with
this armed invasion and assassination of a weaker nation by a
Great Power for territorial expansion? Again the answer is
No! Afljd Lloyd George asks, is
the League a sham!
The capitalist press, and some
of the deluded Labor organs, in
all countries, are now engaged in
promulgating the propaganda of
peace. Arthur Ponsonby, Labor
member for the Brightslde division of Sheffield, who was under
secretary for, foreign affairs th
the late Labor government, has
started a campaign to get everybody In the British Isles to write
to the premier expressing their
convictions that the nations of the
world are capable of settling their
disputes by arbitration. Even here
in Vancouver an organization has
beep   formed   to   educate    Pfl
opinion to support the moven
for   world   peace,   and   The
and   The  Province   print   leal
articles and editorials ln praisl
the Locarno Pact.   Tho prearT
of this pact says, in part, tha
will "facilitate the solution oil
merous    political    and    econd
problems, and will effectually
mote a general movement for<
versal disarmament, on behaj
which the signatories pledge
Capitalism has realized intej
tionally  what  the  workers
failed   to   recognize  even   nan
ally,  that,  to  quote  an  aphorf
"In Union Is Strength," and
the  common  foe  is  the  worl|
class of ALL nations.   When
italism maintains its internati<j
police  force  to  secure  peace
tween nations, that force wil\j
used to rivet on the workers
securely the chains of the sys
Any   nation   where   the   •*
succeed,  or are  on their wajj
gaining    economic   freedom,
receive the attention of the in
national forces of capitalism,
' the workers of that nation wllfl
shot,  sabred and  bludgeoned
submission.     That  is  what   ca
alism   means   by   "facilitating
(Continued on page 5)
—Meeti leeond Mondiy in thn _
Pretident, J. K. White; secretary,
Neelandi.    P. O. Boi 66.	
111,   819 Pender  St.  Weit.     Bu
meetingi   lit and  8rd Wedneidiy
Ings.    R. H. Neelandi, Chairman; 1
Morriion,   Sec.-Treii.;   Angui   Me. 8
3544 Prince Edward Street, Vancof
B.C.. Corresponding Secretary.
Any district in British Columbia
siring Information re securing ipj"
or the formation of local branchei,|
ir communicate with Provincial
tary J. Lyle Telford, 624 Birki ,
Vincouver, B.O. Telephone Bey
1888,  or BiyTiew  5530.	
Meeti   ucond  Thursday   erery
in Holden Building. President, J. '
well;   financial   secretary,   H.   A.
ron, 781 18th Are. East.	
28—Meets first and third Frida
the  month   at   145  Hastings   W.,
p.m.     President,   R.   K.   Brown,
Charles   St.;   secretary-treasurer,
Harrison,  1182 Parker St. "
UNION, Local 146, A. F. at
Meets in G.W.V.A. Hall, Seymoul
Pender Streetl, leeond Sunday
a.m. Preildent, E. 0. Miller, 991
•on itreet; iecretary, E. A. Jam
991 Nelion street; financial leer
W. E. Williams, 991 Nelson strut
pnniier,   F.   Fletcher.   891 _____
at Rooms 6, 8 and 7, Flack Bal
183 Hastings Street W„ Vaneourer
Tel. Sey. 8698. President, Robert '
Vice-President, Darid Gillespie;
Treasurer, Wm. H, Donaldson. VI
Branch, Room 11, Green Bloek,
Street, Victoria, B.O.    Phona 1908
President, R. P. Pettlplece; rise
ident, O, F. Campbell; leeretary-
urer, R. H. Neelandi, PO. B»i
Meeti lait Sundiy of eaoh montk
p.m. ln Holden Building, 16 Haitlc
UNION,   No.   411—President,
Maedonald;    secretary-treasurer,
Campbell,   P.O.   Box   689.     Meets]
Thursday of each month.
Slater Abuon
With Which la Incorporated
By the Labor Publishing Oof
Builneia and Editorial Offiea
 1129 Howe St.
The Canadian Labor Adrocate ll
factional weekly newspapor, givingj
of the farmer-labor movement In
Subscription Ra'.cs: United Stated
foreign, (2.50 per year; Canada
per year, fl for six monthi; to tr
subscribing ln a body, ISo per '
ber per month.
Member The Federated Press and)
Britiih Labor Preu ■■WH-WgfiS?
Friday, January 1, 1926
Page Kve
}ion Plasterers Keep
boosting Their Wages
^Leland Olds, Federated Press)
JlGES of union plasterers are
Istlll upward bound, according
Tie annual report of the U.S.
artment of labor on union
Ifes and hours. In 8 of the 40
i covered by the report union
for plasterers on May 1,
t, were higher than in 1924.
p reports Indicate increases In
jldltional cities by October 1.
1920 plasterers' minimum
■rly rates rose in 38 of the 40
Ts. There have been no re-
lions in that period.
Plasterers have secured the 44-
lr week or better in all cities
fpt .Cincinnati, where the reg-
week is 44 1-2 hours. In
Hon, Buffalo, Philadelphia,
Ivldence and Seattle the union
*k ls 40 hours.
Between May 1 and October 1,
ordl,tig to  figures compiled  by
national association of build-
exchanges,   plasterers'   wages
Ire   raised   from   $1   to   $1.25;
laisvllle   from   $1.50   to   $1,625;
(iladelphia $1.50 to $1.75; Pitts-
tgh $1,563  to  $1.60,  and  Rlch-
fcnd  $1.25  to  $1.50.    The cities
* which   plasterers'   wages   are
fcher than  in 1924  are Atlanta,
Iveland,   Fall   River,   Louisville.
|mphis,  Milwaukee,   Philadelph-
Pittsburgh    Portland    (Ore.),
tvidence,  Richmond, Sai*  Fra,n-
jco and Washington,
The   average   plasterers'   wage,
^Ing the country as a whole, is
per  cent,   over  1924,   29   per
M. over 1920, and 120 per cent.
|er 1913.    As the cost of living
bkoned   by   the   department   of
por is  16 per cent, below  1920
74 per cent, over 1913, plasters have improved their stand-
about 25 per cent, compared
&h 1913 and 50 per cent, combed with  1920.
She   vital  question   is   whethei
^y  can  hold  these  gains  when
building boom subsides.    The -
fembership  of  the  union  Is  retted  at  30,000, compared  with
1,400 in 1920 and 18,000 in 1914
Our Open Forum
Readers of The Labor Advocate are
invited to sen'd in letters for publication in our "Open Forum." ThiB ls
a "freo for all." No communications
will be censored so long as writers
refrain from indulging in personalities. Letters should not exceed 260
words. The management of The Advocate assumes no responsibility for
opinions expressed in this spaoe.
Editor Labor Advocate:
I like your paper, but it is too
one-sided. In an article in your
paper on "How Britain Rewarded
Heir Glorious Heroes," you have
left something out, no doubt with
a purpose.
You put in just how the little
ones had been mutilated, blinded,
paralyzed, and so on, and how
they got from $400 a year and
down as a pension, but you said
nothing about how the big ones
who get from $500,000 and down
weire mutilated.
According to you not one of
these generals was even touched.
Now just be fair and square, and
let us know just how many of
them were injured in thie war, as
I should like to know. J. R.
eks Recognition Of
Unions To Aid Trade
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON.—More and more
bention is directed, in labor and
jiploying circles, to the tenor of
< speeches which William Green,
lesident of the American Feder-
pon of Labor, is delivering in
pid succession tb employers,
anagement engineers, chambers
commerce and churches. In
|fect, the new chief of the Fed-
atlon says that all he asks is
|e recognition of trade unions
the employers as a necessary,
Instructive and orderly factor in
le development of better busl-
¥ss. He denies the class strug-
je; he deplores the notion that
^ere are classes in this country;
acknowledges the "existing so-
lal order," and says that labor
Ireely concedes to capital the
■ght to own and manage indus-
fy and to the receipt of a fair
pturn upon Its Investment."
[These words sound less aggr.es-
Ive than the slogan of Samuel
fompers: "We set no bounds to
llr desire to improve our condi-
on; we shall seek more and more
lid more." But conditions have
hanged, and Green has under-
Lken to protect an army of al-
lady-organlzed trade unionists by
brsuading the big employers to
(•op their company union schemes.
te ls out to persuade public opin-
pn, in an era which he believes
sordid and reactionary toward
libor, that labor unions are not
There is wagging of old heads
jit his optimism over the plan of
persuasion.    There ls nodding of'
others,   less  battle-scarred.    They
all recognize that the tactics are
_tor the present situation,  and do
jnot bind the labor movement for
[future  years.    Still,   a  precedent
lis made.
EDITOR'S NOTE.—We have a
suspicion that our correspondent
already knows tlje answer to the
questlion he puts. However, that
is by the way.
The nows item in question was
ono setting out the amount received by disabled British ranlk and
file soldiers lis a. pension, and the
yearly "grant" given to the various
generals who participated in the
late war. Admiral" Beatty and
General Haig head the list with
$500,000 each, and no on« ever
heard of either of the pair being
injured in any way. Others in the
list include Admiral Jellicoe;
Field Marshals French a*n<_ "Wilson; Generals Rawlinson, Byng,
and Robertson, each of whom receive Slums ranging from $50,000
to 250,000, and no one evere heard
"of any of them being scratched.
Neitlw have we any knowledge
that any of the others were hurt
in any way. They get their dole
for  keeping  out of danger's way.
League Bars Druse
Envoy From Hearing
GENEVA.—If the Druses, of
Syria hope to get any justice out
' of the international bandits of the
league of nations which back up
the murderous French administration under the League's mandate,
they will have to get it at the end
of a rifle.
That is the only conclusion possible, since the council of the league refused to receive, let alone
consider, an envoy from the Druses
who was sent to protest aigalnst
the French administration in Syria.
The envoy of Ihsan Djajbir Bey
of Damascus, representing the executive committee of the Syro-Pal-
estine Independence movement. He
not only addressed a request for a.
hearing to the collective council of
the league of nations, but also to
eaeh single member.
The French and British at once
got together to bar out the Druse
from getting even a hearing. The
British, Austen Chamberlain and
Lord Robert Cecil doing this as an
exchange for the French last December having alided the British in
barring ou< Fanouse Pasha, an
Egyptian dledegate, when Egyptians
cairn© last year to the league of
nations to protest against British
soldiers seizing Alexandria, Cairo
and the Sudan. British also fear
that the people of Palestine will
be nieixt to demand deliverance
from, their "protectors" under league mandate.
The Druse envoy declares that
they have 10,000 riflemen in the
fliieild, have captured six months'
amimunition from the French and
intend to fight until they are Wiled off.
"And," says the Druse, "all the
Druses ask is that the league execute Its own covenant requirements and send a cotmimittee to
investiigate how the French are
maladmlntetrating the mandate in
WE take thiB means of
thanking our friends
for our biggest Christinas
business and wish them a
IJappy New Year.
Hand Made Loggers' and
Seamen's Boots
Men's  Romeo  Slippers  $2.25
and  $3.60
TieB   for   New   Year's   in   fancy
boxes  60c to $2.00
Scarfs at .'.  Half Price
Greb Work Boots, special $4.96
Boys'   School  Boots,   sues   1   lo
5   $2.96 and $3.25
Children's Knee Gum Boots, sizes
5 to 10%  $1.76
Men's Wool Lined Mocha Oloves,
$1.96 and  $2.50
Men'B    Stripe    Cottonado   Pants,
regular $1.95;  sale  $1,76
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men'i   and   Boya'   Furnishings,
Hatt, Boota and Shoei
Between   7th   and   8th   Avenues
Phone Fair. 11
We Have Som* Oood Buya In   *
Cash  Payments  Ai  Low  Ai <f*uv
Phone Sey. 7106       1S86 Granville St.
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will  Onr*  Tour  Bbeumatlim,  Lumbago, Neuritis or Bad Cold
714 Haitingi St. W, Phon* Sey. 2070
(By Federated Press.)
Zealand general elections took
place November 4, and resulted
in a setback for the Labor Party.
Prior to the elections the parties
had: Tory 39, Liberals 23, Labor
17, Independent 1. On the eve
of the elections the Liberals coalesced with the Tory party. The
result of the elections is: Tory
Coalition 65, Labor 13, Nationalists 9, Liberal 1, Independents 2.
T^HE voice currents used
•*■ in long-distance telephoning travel from 8,000
to 178,000 miles per second. .
B. C. Telephone Company
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
401-408 Metropolitan Building
887 Hastlngi St. W., Vancouver, B.O.
Telephones: Seymonr 8866 Md 6887
I say that if men had lived like
men indeed, their houses would
have beien temples*—temples which
we should hardly dare to (injure.—
Don't forget!    Mention the  Advocate when buying.
A Robbers' Peace
(Continued from page 4)
solution of numerous political and
economic problems."
Modern '"Warfare Interrupts and
dislocates the business of buying
and selling and skinning the
workers. The safely of the war-
makers is also being threatened.
In the wars of the future generals
far behind the lines in their deep
dugouts will be no longer safe.
Kings in their palaces, hundreds
of miles from their armies; politicians in the cities, spreading
their dru_n-thumpi|Tig, flag-waving
war "propaganda, will also be in
the dangor zone. The hell-brews
and devilish mechanical inventions
for the destruction of mankind
that every nation is striving to
perfect will, when let loose, do
their business indiscriminately. So
let us have peace is now the slogan.
"Modern society is divided into
two classes, capitalist and wage-
working, with interests entirely
opposed to each other." When the
capitalist press spews forth in
unison volumes of propaganda in
support of a movement, that
movement bodos *no good to the
working class. The peace that
our class demands will come only
when the working class Is internationally united. The peace that
capitalism is striving to secure
means to the international Labor
movement ''the peace that passes
all understanding." J.A.B.
Furuseth Campaigns
Against World Court
(By Laurence Todd, Federated
WASHINGTON.—While the American Federation of Labor, by
the action of its last convention
and in the formal resolution
adopted by its executive council
afterward, stands committed to
American adherence to the world
court, Andrew Furuseth Is against
it. The veteran president of the
International Seamen's Union,
home from a series of vlsitB to
European capitals, where he
nought to get leglslatloil for seamen that is more advanced than
the program supported by the International Labor Office of the
League of Nations, has begun a
speakijng campaign against the
court. He has addressed the central labor bodies in Philadelphia
and New York, and has been
dated at Boston and other eastern points.
European labor organizations -in
general, possessing radical labor
parties and much confidence in
their ability to capture their respective governments and so to
gain control of the League, are
keen for the world court. The
Communists do not agree, because
they believe' that the League will
repress any movement of the
workers which results in the capture of ultimate power by the
working class in western Europe.
Furuseth takes the position
take-o by the Communists, tn large
measure, though for different reasons. He sees in the League a
tremendous plot against thc extension of human freedom through
the determination of governments
in the League to keep tho existing political and social order just
as It is now, forever.
Furuseth looks upon the Communists as rivals, rather than opponents like himself, of the nailing-down policy which he sees in
the League. He promises to set
forth his ideas in a pamphlet.
Sickness, The Result of Defective Teeth
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
■pvOCTORS are now recognizing the relationship between dis-
•*-'   eased teeth and bad health.
Every week or two eome pbysieian sends me a patient, to have his
teeth attended to, and in the majority of cases the doctor's suspicions
are confirmed, and the health Improves when the Dental needs have
been  supplied.
This is natural; good blood depends on good digestion, and this In
turn depends on mastication.
Dr.  Curry combines Long Experience with most Up-to-Date Methods.
I il K P
AUR eye examination is as
^ perfect as skill, scientific
instruments and years of experience ean devise.
Bird Eye Service
Entrance 680 Robson St.
Phone Sey. 8»fi5
WE THANK yon for a splendid Christmas trade, and
"   with much pleasure extend to you our very best
wishes for a
Our efforts to serve you are now being concentrated
in our one store, "The Little Store of Big Values," and
to make the necessary room wc are continuing Special
Bargain Prices.   See our windows.
Robinson & Warren, Ltd,
1087 GRANVILLE ST., Directly Opp. Standard Furn. Co. Page Six
Friday, January 1, 192
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
Labor Education and
Strikes Go Together
(By Art Shields, Federated Press)
NEW   YORK.—Clinton   Golden,
field representative of Brookwood
Labor  College,  is  setting  off for y^^T,^^ up of bitumi
virgin   territory,   as  far  as  labor
(By Leland Olds,   Federated Press.)
■VTO    unnecessary    motions,    but  point  is the  change  in  the k
■*• ' loading 16 -1-4 tons a day, re-  oi Job which this simple maell
brings   about.     The   coal   dig
nous coal diggers in mines man-   must  feed  coal  to  this  mach.
A  RETURNED  veteran   applied  stances some day through no fault   stud>'  classes are concerned.    He age(J  by the Knickerbocker com.   which carries it away steadily
tn     IU**.       «*_.,*_.„       imnlnvnint     nf   hla   n-am IS   tT-US   thTOUSh   the   minin_f   fields           ,_      t. ., ,_ ... ,. 101     r      -     __.,_...__ ■__. ,.,__:
pany   in   Pennsylvania   since   the   131  feet a  minute.    Working-
to   Mr.   Harvey,   employment of his own. is £0--nS through the mining fields
agent  for  the   Canadian   Govern-      The veteran thanked us for list- 0f We8t vlrsIni'a  where the coal  installation    of" the    mechanical his knees In seams as low a"s
memt Merchant Marine, the other ening to hIs experience of apply- dlBeers have b*len so busy Uehi~  conveyor system described in the Inches, with a mechanical toss
day for a job, and the reply given ing for work on one of the c  G Ine the opon shop efforts of Beth-  Coal Age    But the atatement that the shovel, repeated mo*notonot
was that he had been told before M- M shipg>   We explaIned to __%_[ lehem   Mines,   Consolidation   Coal this machinery more than doubles ne throws some  10  tons of t
that there was nothing doing. The that  We were the on]y organ,lza_ c°- and the rest and the thuS sys-  the   output   per   man,   raising   it onto the moving belt.   The nee
veteran replied that he knew there tion which was denied the right to t0m in general that they have not from 7 1-4 to 16 1-4 tons per day, sity  of  using this  machine  to
had been jobs,  and  that he had approach our members on the ves- M yelt ffotten lnto the workers' ed- shows the necessity of a shorter maximum  has  introduced  a  r
given   other  men   the   preference 8els of the Canadian Government ucation swim- working day if thousands of min- discipline.     Mining   ls  no   low
who ln some oases had no experi- Marine   The delegate of the En-      Bat Golden expects to see labor ers are not to be turned out on an individual job.   The shift fn
ence. gineers Union are allowed this pri- eduction   sailing   along   well   in the street. loading   to   cutting   and   drllli
This veteran enlisted to go over- viiege, &tli the  masters and  ^j West Virginia just as soon as the      Upder this system, designed by must be carried out with regul
seas while working for the C. P. R. mates are allowed to have the re- boys there see that the '-movement  r. a. Suppes, general superintend- ity in order that the machine ri
and  is married  with  three  of a pre)Sentatives    of    the    Canadian can   be  made an  instrument  f°r ent   of  the  Knickerbocker  mines not   wait   too   long   for  Its   n«j
family.    The children  were  anx- Merchant Servllce  Guild approach hold-ns   the   union   together    in _at  Johnstown,   Pa.,   miners   work meal-    If the loading and outtij
iously   looking   forward;  to   tWelr them Whenever they  want  to  do timea of stress and storm-   He ln-   in crews of five.    Each crew has do not sear lnto each other a
daddy getting employment on one so_    But the sailors  and  firemen tends  to  lllustrate the case with  charge   of  a  main  conveyor   250 coralnS to schedule, the boss Vj
of the C. G. M. M. ships, but it are not aHov/ed to haVg any repre. the  story  of the  minora  of Dis-  long, made up of 6-foot sections, be on hand t0 see why-
The C. G. M. M. do not neglect
to enforce lt, haying-two special
policemen (C G. M. M. policemen
of course), Mr. McNicol and an-
iother gentleman, who are \ieo-y
courteous to the delegates of the
Federated   Seafarers'    Union,    al-
took the heart out of their daddy S6ntativei on board the ships,
to be met with constant refusals
from Harvey, and at last he asked
that individual why it was that he
would not give him a job, and was
told that he, (Harvey), was working in the interest of the company
and not to have his tf.me taken up
with such cases as the veteran.
The ex-soldier, who has a small
pensiion, then came to the headquarters of the Federated Seafarers' Union and informed the agent
that he did not think half the
stories put in print about C. G. M.
M. Vessels were true, but after his
experience he could readily understand the position of men who had
to apply to Mr. Harvey for work
and the hard fight the Union had
triot No. 2, central Pennsylvania.    2   face   conveyors   each   12   feet
Nothing  academdo  about   labor  long   which    discharge   i*nto "the
When the great God lets loo
education in the Pennsylvania Al-  main  conveyor,   one   undercutting   a thinker on this planet, then i
leghandes, says Golden.    The local machine, a distributing fan,  a 5-
director there, Paul W. Fuller Is horsepower   hoist,   etc.    The   na-
Indeed such a part of the organlz- ture of their work is described as
ation  struggle that  he  is  letting follows:
some   of  his   regular   work   slide Four   men   out   of   the   5-man
though tettlngTs "know" that' it*.*.  along for awWl16 as he assl8to in  "^  W°rk  at  the  fa°e'  the   BtU   that may not be revlsed and co.
a strjke of 2,000 miners against a  man being stationed on the e,ntry   damned.—Emerson
coal   company  at   Sagamore,   Pa. tto load* trim and sPot cars- The 	
Injunctions  against  picketing  are four men work on their knees in
low  coal.    They are  stationed  at
things are at a risk. There Is n
a piece of science* but its flah
may be turned tomorrow; there
not any literary reputation nor ti
so-called  eternal  names  of fan
their duty to see that we as representatives of the sailors and firemen are not allowed aboard any
of their ships.
in force and the company is bringing in Negroes from West Virgin-
la—imen not long out of the South,
A few das's ago a master mariner  who know little of the labor un-
(Captailn McCallum,  F. R. G. S.)   ion movement.   But they are learn
wrote a  letter  to  the  Vancouver      g now'
hold prayer meetings twice a day
on a hill that the strikebreakers
must pass on their way -to work.
The issues of th-ei strike are talken
The  right  arm  of  Labor  is
equal   intervals   along   the   face.   Btrons press.    Add power to ti
Shovelling   is   easy   in   that   they  arm by subscribing to THE CA!
are  enabled  to  load  the  coal   by  ADIAN LAB0R  ADVOCATE,
a single toss of the shovel.    The	
Fuller and the miners  me<"   so  through   no   unnecessary
motions and the exertion involved
Send in your subscription toda
Star commenting on the Oriental
and British seamen.    In his letter
We let the veteran see a copy  be stated why he liked Britishers
of  a   letter   sent  to  tfie   Marine   better than   Orientals,   explaining  £ the hmd ,n prayer ag the com
Superintendent of the C. G. M. M.   that   the   British   seamen   likes  a
Ltd.,  regarding  the  same  matter  drink at various ports on a voyage,
pany's new men pass by and the
latter  are  taking  the  prayers to
is less than one-third that required to load in the ordinary mine
car. This point is important, as
it has been proved in actual practice, for a man in one hour loads,
without tasking himself as much,
as he was complaining of, and the  and did not forget to mention that   heart and  qutttlng about ^  fast  handles as much coal as he could
as they come.
Golden is going into West Vir
reply    the    superintendent     (W. the  officers on  board  a ship do
Wright)   sent,   which   stated   that likewise, only that they are more
the  matter   of   "the   alleged   dis- careful   In  handling   the   "booze"
A __.   -    i       iu ..        -ni*    ginia with the little seven  pound
courtesy of our Mr. Harvey would and screen themselves better.   We   Z. ... _ .
be investigated." wish that there were a few more
The veteran was the lucky re- like Captain McCallum, who seems
clpient of one of the hamper's of to be in sympathy with the Brtlt-
the "Star" Santa Claus Fund which ish  tar  for  ability  in   preference
load into a mine car in approximately three hours of heavy exertion."
The face at which the. are
Brayco projector he used to cast loadlng measures about 35 feet
the illustrations for his lectures on When about two-thirds of this is
screens in the open glades of the ioaded two loaders let the others
Alleghanles.    For an outdoor lee-  finish,  and   they   start   undercut-
Ask Any Labor Man.
Honsekeeping   and   Transient    i
Central—Terms Moderate
Under New  Management
"Bill" Hungerford and M. Cam-.
 bridge, Propa. \
helped to tide over the end of the  to the Oriental seamen, but hope  Jnre..he ^"f* 'he electrio .ju!ce  ting the coal which is to be shot
for the machine from an automo-  down  for the  next advance.    By
year when the kiddles are looking  that he understands that it is only
for toys.   We wonder if the same  a bogey, the pretext of the ship-
Mr. Harvey has any children and
if he has a human heart toward
them, and if he does not think that
he may be in  the same  circum-
bile and he can throw pictures up the time the undercutting Is half
to eight by eleven feet. He tells dope the loading is finished and
the story of coal with a ser-teB of the other two loaders start drill-
owner,   that  the  Orientals  are   a
more sober class of seamen.   The   _.,       ,,   . ,   ,       ....
main  print with  the  employer is   fllms fthat ^ the fuel down the  lng for shots, while the 5th man,
ages from the fern forests of mil-  who  has  been tending the
76 Hastings East
late tltb Batt and 72nd Batt.
that the Oriental is miuch cheaper
and drinks every bit as much as
the Britisher or white seaman according to their income.
We suppose Captain* McCallum
did not forget to look at the picture gallery at thel top of the front
page of the same issue of the
Vancouver . Star, which we can
prove to be very inaccurate. The
reporters evidently did not know
one nationality from another, according to the printed account in
the seamen's issue of December 11.
Any port in a storm for news and
the Star has since given promise
of future possibilities in a begging
programme on behalf of the Sea-
ment's Institute by the "Stuff" appearing  in  that  one   oent yellow
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
Red Star Drug Store
"The MaU Order Druggists"
We Make • Special Effort to Get Goods Out by First Mull
After Receipt of Tour Order
Corner Cordova and Carrall
Vancouver, B.C.
lions of years ago to the anthracite gets all the equipment  ready  for
and   bituminous  of today.    Some lengthening    the    conveyor.    The
of the breadth of the labor move- shots are fired"'by electricity and
mient   is   brought   to  thie   mining the men eat their lunch while the
camp by films showing union ac- distributing   fan   carries   off   the
tivity of various kinds, workers ed- gases and smoke,
ucation classes in parti_euia_-. Next to the faot that more rapid
 1  loading cuts down the number of
Send in your subscrip*-'*-" today, miners    required,    the   important
paper, edited by a scion of Pro- Christmas supply of fruit, tobacco,
fessor Odium. and cigarettes, and papers to the
Captain McCallum is one of the various men wTio have been too
very   few   master   mariners   who sick   to   sail  from  here  on  their
evidently does  not  like  to  think ships.
white seamen are being ousted by Phil Creegan a former member
lOrlentals  on  an   efficiency  scale, of  the  organization  at  St.  Pauls
and  is  backed  by  his experience Hospital is very anxious to thank
of long standing. the   members  for  their  kindness.
Quite a few of the master mar- The Kingsley Navigation Co. have
lners on this coast take perfect been very conaiderate to Phil, who
delight in robbing the seatnen of was 3rd mate on the "Kingsley"
their wages through what is called before entering the hospital,
logging and fines, according to the M. MePhaiil, of the S, S. Walr-
Shipping Act. We think we know una, is very grateful to the organ-
Captain McCallum and understand ization for the service that has
he treated the men sailing under been extended,
him, at least on one vessel, pret- Harria Manog and B11Iy MoLareni
ty good. both members of the Federated
Ma'1 Ust Seafarers' Union, are at St. Pauls
Bates, H.; Beckett, H.; Bell, A.; and hope to be discharged as soon
Boland,  T.;   Coll,  J.;   Crocker,  L. ^ ^t_
R.;    Dobbin,   H.;    Farquhar,   D.j old Dad Gllmartin is at the Gen-
Flodden, C;  Flynn, ,M.;  Hannah, eraIi and is showing slgris of lm_
T.;   Harris,  C;   Hainlll,  B.;   Hen- pavement,   and   states   that   the
derson, tt! Hodson, J.;  Jones, R. Union j^g been very klnd )n look.
N.;    Jones, Thomas;    Kissock, J.; lng after the lntel.ests of the melm-
Lawson, J.; Luxton, W.;  Maekay, bers at  Christmas  as well  as at
J.;   Matthews,   R.j   McLaren^ W.; othel, tfmeg when they are in hoa_.^
"    '     pital.    Dad should know.
— —
Big reductions,  splendid,
values.    Regular    prices
$22.50 to $42.50, now—]
$15 to $37.65
Cor. Homer and Hastingi St.
McDonald, J.; Osborne, W.; Pugh,
A. E.; Starr, J.; Worrall, W.;
Hospital Notes
As there were a number of seafarers in the General and St Pauls
Hospitals,   the  Federated   Seafarers' Union made efforts to send a
Next business meeting will be
held on Tuesday, January 5, at 8
p. m. at 163 Hastings Street West.
Two more members subscribed
to the "Labor Advocate" since last
The Original
Logging Boot
Quick Sirrie* for Bapaln
All Work OuraatMd
tteelal Atttntlon to Moll Ordtrt
H. Harvey
F-Btsbll.hod In VanconTor la HIT
BS  CORDOVA  STREET W. riday, January 1, 1926
Page Seven
itish Workers' Wages
spends On Iraq Rates
J)NDON.—A revealing glimpse
lapltallst principles and tactics
Horded by the Scottish shale
Is,  which   has  arisen   out   of
[refusal  of the Shale  Miners'
[Oil Workers' Union to accept
per cent, wage cut.    As an
Icement to the men to accede
(his drastic proposal,  the em-
{•ere, Scottish Oils, Ltdt., threat-
to close down certain of the
ks    upder    its    control,    thus
^wlng a large body of men ln-
tiltely out of employment,
pottish  Oils,  Ltd.,  which  is  a
sidiary   of   the   Anglo-Persian
Company,  Ltd.,   controls   five
luclng companies,  one or two
vhich have been in  existence
.nearly half a ce,ntury.
dividends   of  several   hundreds
cent, have been -paid  on. the
Jnary  shares  of  these  com pa-
admits the Petroleum Times,
pch  discusses the matter  from
'employers' angle.
|he Anglo-Persian Oil Company,'
krever,    can    nowadays   import
jide oil from Iraq,  where labor
(cheap and plentiful, with more
\fit to itself tha)n it can obtain
|m the  Scottish Shale  oilfields,
the withdrawal of an admir-
contract from the latter in-
fctry  seemed  to  afford  a  good
tortunity  to   talk   about   being
pied   to   close   works   and   out
Popular   Indignation,   expressed
'public meetings,  ended  in  the
frnatlon  of  a citizens'   commit-
which by putting strong preside  on  the  government   secured
return of the admiralty con-
International Labor Unity
idio Operators Fight
IAgainst Pay Reduction
(By Federated Press)
LONDON.—The atrlke of British
rlne radio  operators against a
ge cut of $2.50 a month finds
i government lining up with the
|iployers.     Instead  of enforcing
regulations which  forbid  the
lllng of a ship without full equip-
|pnt of radio operators, the board
; trade is allowing ships to sail
i their radio department underlined.
lie nunnbler of strikers is incasing daily and 5,000 operators
111 soon be involved. Sympathetic
Ttlon is expected from the sea-
■en's unions as the safety of the
|iole crew may depend upon ef-
ftent radio -service. Wages of
•Ine radio oiperators start with
12.50 a month, rising by annual
pements to a maximum of $100
L month at the end of 9 years
»anish Socialist
Leader Passes Out
[LONDON.—Pablo Iglesias, pres-
tent of the Spanish Socialist
prty, died in Madrid at the agts
I Iglesias was the head of the
j/pographers' Union in Spain and
as one of the leaders of the
Icond International.
[Though Iglesias in his youth was
[revolutionary apd organized the
kclalist Party in Spain, as he
|ew old he grew more senti-
ental and eventually forgot that
Ich a thing as class struggle
Patronize our advertisers.
JOTICE is hereby given that screenings at the Commissioners' elevators
hand over forty-five  (45)   days and
I'.bject   to   disposal  under   Bylaw   125,
■ill he disposed  of trom  time  to  time
» occasion arises.
[Offerings of such screenings will be
psted in the Vancouver Merchants' Ex-
[ancouver, B.C.,
ITth December, 1925.
(By British Labo
T ONDON. — Further steps wero
taken recently in the development of the policy for which the
British Trades Union Congress
lias made Itself responsible in the
promotion of international trade
iiinion unity.
At thc Instance of the leaders
of the Amsterdam International a
joint conference of the Bureau of
the International Federation of
Trade Unions with the General
Council of the Trades Untotn Congress has been held in London.
It may be recalled that at the
Scarborough Congress In September the General Council reported
fully upon the part it had played
in trying to bring about a better
understanding between Amsterdam
and Moscow. The British policy
Is perhaps best explained In the
letters that have passed between
the General Council and the I.F.
Tlie British Letter
From this correspondence it is
clear that the General Council
has consistently urged the desirability of an informal conference
between the representatives of the
I.F.T.U. and the All-Russian Council of Trade Unions at Moscow.
In one letter, signed by Mr. A. B.
Swales and the late Fred Bramley, the following passage states
the British view in terms that
cannot be bettered:
The General Council are also
convinced that there should be no
waste of time in attempting to
settle differences prior to such a
conference taking place, as the
main purpose, from our point of
view, of such a conference is to
settle differences, and for this
reasqn we strongly press for the
convening of an unconditional
conference for informal discussion
purposes, at which all sides would
be free to express their respective
opinion without being tied to any
formula or constitution, it being
understood, of course, that the
findings of such a conference
should be considered as a preliminary to a mandatory conference
to follow after reports of the preliminary discussions had been
given to the bodies responsible
for the *fi,pal decisions.
Congress For Unity
From the position here defined
the General Council has not turned aside at any stage of the prolonged and at times arid discussions that have been carried oh
in three-cornered exchanges between Amsterdam, London and
Moscow. Without a dissentient
voice, at Scarborough the policy
of the General Council was endorsed by Congress, and the effort to promote unity in the International Trade Union movement
was resumed by the General
Council with the knowledge that
its attitude had been approved by
the supreme authority of British
trade  unionism.
From Amsterdam there came a
request for a conference with tho
General Council for the purpose
of considering the meaning and
effect of the British policy. The
Amsterdam leaders have been insistent upon the d.pger of carrying the demand for unity to the
point where further disunity may
be caused in' the international
Amsterdam's Viewpoint
Their attitude has been that
the All-Russian Council of Trade
Unions can obtain admission to
the I.F.T.U. "when they express
their desire to this effect." What
is known as the Stenhuis resolution, adopted at the General Council meeting of the I.F.T.U. at its
meeting last February, after a
resolution embodying the British
proposal had been rejected, was
a declaration to the effect that
the   I.F.T.U.  is  prepared  to  con-
r Press Service.)
vene  a conference In Amsterdam
Furnishing Trades Balk
At Ban On Communists
(By  Federated Press)
LONDON.—The British furnish-
Irish Workers Boycott     lng trades unl<m has rejected ***«
_, -rr  j      a i_ advice of the Labor party execu-
Onannon Hydro Scheme   tive to discriminate against Com-
  munist trade unionists for Labor
(By  Federated Pi-ess) party nominations. The union ex-
DUBLIN.—A boycott on the ecutive committee has reiendorsed
with the All-Russian Council of whole shann(>n hydro^lectlrlflca- lts Previous decision that it Is i
Trade Unions with a view to the ^ ^heat. is declared by the Part of lts business to dictate to
exchange of opinions "as soon as Iriflh Tradea Umon congress mem_ branches as to which members
possible after the All-Russian ens Schutekert c the Ger,man they shall appoint, except that
Council of Trade Unions intimates   flrm ^   whom   .fce  contn/et  hfla such members must pay the union
^^'f,6  t0  be admltted  t0 the   been glvWn, aroused Irish labor by labor *"*■    A-  A-  Purce11  neods
-T-U'                                                Its attempts to recruit Irish labor this uni(Ml-
The Russian Attitude a,t a wage of less than $8 for a Irv regard t0 Communist exclu-
Tlie All-Russla,Ti Council, for Its 50-hour week, although the going Blon in Seneral, the union exeou-
part, has made it clear that it wage in Ireland for similar work tive says* '"We are not oUt for
regards this declaration as equiv- is about $12 and the job was -heresy hunting and disruption, and
alent to a demand from Amster- struck. Solidarity has been shown tne executive oomimittf;e of the
dam for its acceptance of the by the German unions who halyie La,bor party have recognized stand-
principles and constitution of the warned their members not to enlist lne ln(thla respect, and merely ad-
I.F.T.U. The Russians also un- for this scab job. vlse tne course above reDepred to.
derstood the Amsterdam condition      The Irish Labor party has taken The executive  commlittee   (of the
up the matter and Tom Johnson, unlon) «tterly condemn the at-
party leader, appeals to workers tempt to split thie* ranks, and heart-
not to touch the job. af endorse the action of the gen-
  eral   seoretary' In   voting   against
_,.,,_           __      , such   proposals   at  the  Liverpool
British JT arm llandS conference just as they did a year
Get Starvation Wage ag0 ln conneiotion ****** the L,on-
to mean the complete liquidation
of the Red International of Labor Unions which the Russians
had created and to which the
dissident groups in the Continental Trade Union movement under
the influence of Russian Communism have adhered.
The existence of these dissident
groups  in  the  continental  movement has been the chief obstacle
don*, conference."
To date 18 borough and divisional Labor parties in London alone
(By Federated Press.)
LONDON.—Meals consisting on- have refused to 6xpe, Commnnlst8
mem   nas  ueen me  cmor   onwci-a   ? ^ ^'^ ^ *" "* 8h'°Wn t0 trom  their ta-«vMual membership
ineni nas oeen me  cmei  oosiacie   be  al,   too   frequent_not   only   in        „ ..       .   w    TjVM1Dn„,
in the way o£ Amsterdam accept-   tbe   _,Uimg  but  .„  th6  „m.a,  dIg sections, in spite of thie Liverpool
in* the British noliev     The Am- T        ' decision.   The Laibor party execu-
inb  the  BMtmh  pohej.    lhe Am     trict8 of Englan(J| according t0 an ^   ^   ^   ^^   ^   ^^
official report of the chief medical against locaU refuslng t0 enforce
officelr   of   the   British   board   of the Ltverpool ban.
health,   Sir   George   Newman,   on 	
Th|el Health of the Child.    To be        ,
a farmer's boy, at least in song Chinese SaVantS lSSUe
and poetry, always seemed to sug- Appeal For Solidarity
The Am
sterdam leaders have sought to
convict the British Trades Union
Congress of inconsistency because
(they say) it has refused to affiliate its own minority movement,
but has tried to persuade Amsterdam to ''recognize" the minority
groups on the continent.
It is such various interpretations and misunderstandings that
the conference this week was required to deal with, and the official report issued at the conclusion of the proceedings on Tuesday showed that misunderstandings have been cleared away. The
report stated that:
Conference Report
"A very full discussion took
place, marked by the most cordial
and unreserved spirit, and as a
c o n s e q uence misunderstandings
were removed and the position
made more clear. It Is felt that
the conference has had the effect
of enabling both parties to appre-
gest that even If you had hard
work, at least you had plenty of
wholesome food to eat, but this
myth, at lelaist Un England has been
effectively disposed of by the report.
LONDON.—A telegram has been
received   from   the   professors   of
the   National   University,   Peking,
containing   a*p   appeal   addressed
_     .. .    _.      ,_,_._      . to all friends of the Chinese na-
In„f1! tfrlcultural  districts of ^ and th(j workers Qf theworW.
the West Riding of Yorkshire 80
After pointing out that the Chi-
% of the children are reported to nese nation ,s waging a ,jfe flnd
have poor physique, and in Meri- death strugg,e against exploltatl(^n
onethshire, another agricultural a(. th(J handg of imperlallgm| and
district, 47 % are reporfled below that the ch,nese people ftre vJo.
normal. Doctors and teachers from tims of unspeakab]e suffering, and
rural districts, who contribute to wj„ suffer stm ^^ if imperial-
the report, agree that it is poor ut deslgns are an0wed to succeed,
home conditions and bad feeding, the message continues:
due to low wages, that are respon- ..-^e reiy on yi_u_ working mass-
sible for the low physique of many es of the West, to make it clear
British country children. t0 ^u comrades that* our fight Is
Agricultural laborers in Britain your fight.   we feel sure that you
ciate more fully the complexities  average about $g a week   and wlt  wl_. nQt aUow m lmperiaUst gov.
of this they must pay rent, feed ernments any longer to rob our
themselves and families and meet customs and exploit our country,
all  otWeir living expenses. We rely on your solidarity.
  "Long  live  the  alliance  of the
exploited peoples of the West with
the   downtrodden   peoples   of  the
of the international situation.
A meeting of the General Council of the I.F.T.U. is being held
in Amsterdam at an early date, at
which the report of this conference will be presented, and lt is
expected that a decision will be
taken with respect to the British
policy. H*T.
British Workers' Death
Caused By Starvation East;
British Workers Laugh
At Stockowning Stunts
LONDON.—Thie possible application in Great Britain of the American employers' tactics in inducing their employees to become
stockholders Is not taken very seriously by British labor. The danglers of sulch schemes in breaking
up solidarity are reteognized, but
miost of the labor men who Have
expressed an oplinion do not think
the scheme could spread far because workers do not earn -sinough
to be able to invest.
Employee shareholding in Britain has been shown up as a fraud
in the recent textile strike, whien
it was found that employers expected their workers to submit to
wage cuts rather than face a problematical reduction in interest on
their tiny investments.
Leaders of the railway clerk*',
and locomotive engineers, could
not see how workers who do not.
Demands Release Of
Cuban Labor Fighter
CHICAGO. — The    International
Labor Defense opened a campaign
Papers found in the dead man's to save the life of Julio Antonia
pocket   indicate   that   he   wias   a  Mella.  Cuban victim  of American
LONDON.—Returning to fetch
some personal belongings from a
house which h« vacated about a
year ago, -a. clerk of the peace for
Hull, found huddled on a cupboard
shelf the body of a man.   '
chemist  with  daughters  living  In
Beverley nnd Scai-gorough,
In the cupboard wns found ft
piece of cardboard on which was
written, 'Goodbye, goodbye. Forgive," rand a letter addressed to
There were no signs of a struggle having takien place, and death"
ls believed to have occured about
a week previously.
The medical officer give evidenced to the laffSot that the man
hj_d heen badly nourished, and
that when half-starved, had probably gone into the empty house to
sleep. Deflth was due to. heart
failure, caused by malnutrition.
Imperialism, now on hunger strike,
when it cabled to General Enoch
H. Crowder, American ambassador to Cuba, that 200,000 American workers affiliated with the
1. L. D. would consider him responsible for the possible death of
the Cuban labor leader.
Mella and twelve other Cuban
workers were charged with setting
off bombs In fro,nt of a Havana
factory. The opinion that this is a
fiameup is universal among the
Cuban working class. American
workers are well acquainted with
this method of getting rid of labor organizers. Mella is a leader
of the student elements who have
demanded the repeal of the Piatt
amendment, which gives the Unlt-
To cease to fear our fellows and ed gtateg virtual control of Cuba
learn  to  depend on  tbem,  to  do jjeU'a; first came Into conflict with
not »ee ..ow ™. «■- - ■-> wlu. com,peUtloll anJ .build- 'm agenl8 of the American im-
have  private  mleans- could  afford '„„„_„„„, ,, n„r „llft h6QBS. l„"!,„,.„._  .„  o»h_   v„h»n   hfi
i think nnthine nf the*-*  UP co-operatloni is our one newa-  perlalists  in  Cuba when   he  sup-
I think nothing oi i] " ■ * . BM_mnifmi Morri*. ■ , ported the exploited  "colonos"  in
•     ,-*■ *- — theif  resistance  to   the   exacting
to invest.
ideas to enable employees to become stockholders," said A. G.
Walkden of the railway clerks.
'What I do think about Is nation
alization.    Anything -els? Js mere* Part of the pleasure of our lives.
Nature will not be finally con-  conditions forced on them by the
quered   till  our  work   becomes  a sugar trust.
Wm. Morris,
Patronize our advertiser.*}, Page Eight
Friday, January 1,
Anglo-Saxon Soviet Relations
Washington Perturbed     British Eastern Policy
(By Federated Press)
WASHINGTON.—Disclosure that
representatives of the biggest
banking firms in Wall Street, with
Chas. M. Schwab and other leading manufacturers have been talking of Soviet-American trade prospects at a formal banquet in the
Bankers Club, In New York, has
raised in Washington a chorus of
"I told you so." No matter what
the white house and state department may say, to quiet the discussion of Russian recognition, almost everyone at the capitol believes that recognition is on the
way. .
When it will come, and under
what circumstances—there is the'
question. Progressives and Democrats say that when Wall Street
says the word, Coolidge and Kellogg will act. Chairfan Borah of
the senate foreign relations committee says it is coming because
the Soviets are willing to meet the
American terms, and because the
Interests of both nations demand
that normal relations be resumed.
"When the International bankers
want Russia recognized, Russia
will be recognized," said Sen. Ship-
stead, Farmer-Labor. "Big finance is the most potent* force operating today in this country."
Recognition of Soviet
Union Asked By Berger
(By Federated Press)
WASHINGTON.—Recognition of
the Soviet Union by the United
States ls proposed In a resolution
offered in the house by Victor L.
Berger, Socialist. He says he will
demand a hearing on the measure
soon after the holiday recess.
"Now that the bankers a*nd business men are dining with the representatives of Soviet Russia,'"
Berger told the press, "talcing their
orders and extending them credit,
our government may as well recognize what the bankers and business
men have long since recognized—
namely, that the soviet government
is here to stay, for a considerable
time at least."
Send in your subscription today.
Case of
Cured by
Mr. Efford ls a grocer of thla
city at 2250 Cambie St., and
a resident of Vancouver for a
number of years.
At his highly-equipped Csrdcro
Street ennltariuih Dr. J. It.
Totten speedily and completely
hoalpd me of a severo case of
bleeding and protruding piles,
from which I suffered dally for
ten yoars.
A remarkable feature of the-
cure is there \vas_ absolutely no
pain, no bleeding* and no surgery, about the treatment.
Judging by my own desire for
help, which I sought almost
daily in vain, I cheerfully and
voluntarily make this statement
for publication, trusting it may
bo of value to others.
Dr. Totten, to my mind, has
exceptional skill, and I feel I
should give to my unqualified
endorsement of hiB work the
widest circulation.
Anyone wishing to verify this
statement may do so by calling
me at Fair. 2037L. Anyone
suffering with piles and wishitiu,
to consult Dr. Totten will find
the Sanitarium at 1315 Carder1
Street, 1V4 blocks south of
Davie. Tako either Davie or
Robson street cars (No. 2 or
No.   6)   to  Cardero.
668 Tenth Avenue Eaat
Vancouver, B.O.
(Federated Press)
MOSCOW*—Soviet policy in Asia
is dictated by the idea of a non-
capitalist social and economic unit
stretching from the Baltic sea on
the west to the Pacific on the east
and as far south las the intrenched
British imperialism from time to
time may be forced to yield.
Economic and social opportunities in Asia and the pressing necessity for some escape from the
western blockade led the Soviet
republic to formulate the major
strategy of its eastern policy along
three general lines: (1) establishing intimate relations with Persia,
Turkey, and Afghanistan land thus
cutting the British empire in two
by severing connections between
Egypt and India; (2) winning
China; (3) buying out Japan by
granting economic concessions
which she could not afford to refuse.
The fulfillment of such a program necessitated a series of negotiations the ultimate object of
which was the eixclusion of western imperialist nations from participation in economiic and social
advantages of the Eurasian Soviet
The British empire with the occupation of Arabia, the assumption of control over Persia and
Egypt, the mandates over Mesopotamia, and the successes in the
Caucasus had been so extended
that British control existed over
a range of territory running from
the Cape of Good Hope to the
Straits of Malacca.
In the near east, British operations centered about the oil fields.
From these vantage points the
British shut down the Baku oil
fields in order to deprive the Russians of their fuel supply. At the
same time they prepared the Anglo-Persian agreement of 1919, under
which Persia became a virtual part
of the empire.
Two years later this imposing
imperial structure had fallen to
pieces like a house of cards. Turkey was self-governing and was defying the allies; Persia was a free
nation; Afghanistan was independent, and the Caucasian oil fields
were under Soviet control. The
change was revolutionary. It was
brought about almost exclusively
by Soviet diplomacy and propaganda.
Maine Textile Strike
Lines Still Hold Fast
(By Federated Press)
BIDDEFORD, Me.—The strike
of 4,000 continues at the Pepper-
ell Mills. The weavers' committee
told a committee of businessmen
appointed by Mayor Drapeau that
they would have nothing to do
with the proposed multiple loom
system. Meanwhile the company
his shown possible signs of backing down. Agent Whitehead of
the mills told the mayor's committee that it had been the intention
to start the weavers on 22 looms
each, that if they could not handle
that many the number would be
reduced to 18 or further till it wae
determined how many a worker
could operate. Strikers are dls-
trustfull fear the company will
force more looms on them than
they can operate without exhaustion and say they will stay out
till given assurances that the multiple system will not be tried.
<M««t»t*i*>tHtMtwtw a*oa»0'*Oo*0**Of*o*oo**o*ta**a**a**a**i**o**\
rpHE POWER of the printed
word is recognized by all. The
newspaper today does more than
merely report .news, IT CREATES
OPINIONS. It presents the news
of the world in such a fashion
that causes you to THINK and
BELIEVE certain things.
The press has always been Labor's vulnerable point. In Vancouver there is a large Labor
sentiment, but for the past few
years this has been allowed to
remain dormaint and uncryslal-
lized, due to the fact that our
press has not functioned efficiently. Labor papers in the past have
stressed officialdom and dogma,
and attached too little importance
to the work of creating a favorable Labpr sentiment among workers. One of the chief reasons for
this has been the style of Ijabor
journalism, which, until a few
years ago (and in many instances
still exists) was the featuring of
long articles giving personal opinions of party tactics and doctor-
ines. The value of these is not
questioned, their efficiency is,
however. Today news is presented in tabloid form, that is, short
and concise. Opinion is created in
the news printed, not in editorials.
It was the idea of making a
Labor newspaper that would feature ipews of the Labor movement
in action, without regard to any
particular section, that brought
the CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE into existence as a development from the old B.C. Federationist.
During the past six months THE
has published news of all parts
of the Labor movement—wherever. Labor has been in the vanguard these activities have beea
recorded. Without any official
support, and indeed refusing to
become the official organ of any
part of our movement, THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE has
achieved something of a record
for a Labor paper in that it has
proven it possible for men of all
shades of opinion in the Labor
movement to work together to
attain a common objective.
The work on THE CANADIAN
given voluntarily; every month an
up-to-date financial statement has
been prepared and open for inspection.
The result of this has been that
today this paper is able to meet
all its liabilities from accounts
receivable, after making a liberal
allowance from bad and doubtful
For 1926 it will be our endeavor
to add a monthly magazine section to the paper, wherein space
will be given for larger articles
on subjects of current interest to
the  movement.
seipted proposals for the unification of the Labor papers of Vancouver. Unfortunately these were
not favorably received. We hope
that during the coming year efforts will be continued to achieve
this end. On our part we are
willing to enter into negotiations
at any time.
If you are in accord with our
objects in building a foundation
for a strong Labor press in British Columbia, you can assist by
sending in subscriptions and news
(Federated  Press  Review, by  Salendra   Ghose    Secretary, *
Friends of Freedom for India)
a biological but in a social s<]
And therefore the solution
problem of India is social
"T^OR us Indians, born and bred
A in the traditions of the saints
and Rishis, it is not difficult to
realize that machinery is a labor-
saving device that should give us
more time for reflection, and not
a device for increasing our hurry;
that property is an instrument for
the expansion of life, and pot an
instrument for hampering or
smothering life; that first charge
on the possession of property" is
not the preservation of private
income and the promotion of individual interests, but the well-
being of the society and the promotion of corporate interests."
With that idea as background,
Wadi and Joshi, two young professors of the University of Bombay, have brought out a very interesting and handy volume under
the title of "The Wealth of India," published by the Macmillan
Co. The interpretation of "India's
economic life so long has been
given by English economists who
were blinded by their own interests and by the interests of their
own nationals as against the true
interests of the people of India.
The task of giving a true Indian
interpretation of the economic life
of India has been ably handled by
these authors, who have conclusively proved "that the poor physique, the low vitality, the economic inefficiency of the people of
India, are — very largely — the
product of their environment. "It
is true," they say, ''that poverty
is the outstanding character of
the Indian population as a whole
—and poverty is unfitness, not in
The shadow of an alien
nation, it has been ably stated
most  conclusively proved, ni
pathetic   and   unimaginative,!
withered and has caused the
nation  throughout  the whola
clal   organism,   with   its   asp
economic, social and religious
tivities.     The   authors   point|
the   tasjc   confronting  reconej
tion work iu India.    India
undo.   the    forced    stagrij
brought  qp  by  alien  doming
and   In   this  many   of  her
honored   customs   and   tradil
have  to be sacrificed.    India
to   adopt   the  modern   meanl
improving her agriculture and
troduce   modern   machineries,)
ways   with   the   view   of   sen
humanity as indicated in thel
ginning.     And   India ^can   dl
and   compete   successfully  in J
complex world.    Evep today, *
crude    machines   and   antiqu
methods, India is a dominant!
tor in the world market for j
plying raw materials.    What!
India   do when   she "is  orga«|
along modern ways?
"The  Wealth  of  India"  vri\
proverbial   expression   once.
Wealth   of  India"   will   agaltj
proverbial,   and   It   depends
the   ability   of Indian  leaded
say when.
I "Tho Wealth of India,'
Wadl and Joshi. The Macn
Co., $5.
Bonus To Employees
Begets Rail Profits
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press)
Southern Railway employees are
playing Santa Claus to its stockholders to the extent of $2,100,000
this year. This extra cash is placed in the owners' Christmas stockings by recently announced dividend increases. It comes out of
the unprecedented prosperity secured through a speeding up bonus attached to the last wage agreement.
The unprecedented prosperity is
reflected in profits of the first 10
months of 1925 amounting to $28,-
202,324 compared with $23,991,-
235 in the same period 1924, and
$22,650,428 i,'or 10 months in 1923.
Although the carrier's total receipts for the 1925 period are
about $2,000,000 below 1923, operating .expenses has been reduced
about $8,000,000. The percentage
of expenditure to revenue has fallen from 75.3$> to 70.3%.
The bonus scheme la a feature of
the 3-year agreement signed with
the 4 operating brotherhoods effective March 1, 1924. It provides
an increase of approximately 5%
in wages, a minimum standard
rate of pay for regularly assigned
passenger sarvice employees for
each day that service is performed
and a bonus out of any savings in
operating expenses resulting
thelir increased productivity.
To get the bonus the empl
were expected to save the ain
of their 5% increase by ke
the cost of operating trains,
to the same per cent, of tota
erating expense that prevaile<
fore the agreement. If they
ceeded in 1924, they would
bonus in 1925 of 1% % of
1925 waiges. If they succeed
1925, they would get in l"e
bonus of 3% of 1926 wages,
bonus system was later extl
to tralin dispatchers. ,
The transportation expens
the Southern, in which are grt
the expenses affected by the !
agreement, fell from 366.6'
operating revenues in 1923 to
% in 1924 and to 33.3 % ln
In 1923 they absorbed 48.6
total operating expense whi
1925 the percentage was
47.4 %.
As a result of this savin
feoted by the employees o
Southern wtill this war ma
profit of 16 % on its common
In 1924 it showed >ai profit of
and in 1923 10 %.
Wealth   is   acquired   by
reaching   our   neighbors,   ai
spent in insulting theim.—Go
Don't forget!    Mention the
vocate when buying.
When we see the shameful fortunes amassed in all quarters of
the globe, are we not lmipelled to-
exclaim that Judas' thirty pieces
of silver have been fructified across
the centuries?—Madame Smet-
Say you saw lt advertised in the
(By Federated Press.)
SYDNEY, Australia.—The strike
of   British   seamen   collapsed   at
most of the ports in Australia and
New Zealand in November.
Many of the British seamen on
strike have not remanned their
vessels. About 500 found work
in Australia at higher wages than
they got as seamen. Others have
found work in. the Australian
shippinj trade at $80 per month,
against $45 offered by the British
Dress Shoes for Men, Women and Children
Men's Work Boots
You will never buy bargains like this again.
LEATHER   9«J«ftPO        BLACK
(The Best for Less)
163 HASTINGS ST. E.       (Almost Opposite the Librar


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