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The Canadian Labor Advocate 1926-02-26

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With Which Is Incorporated THE B.
Bghteenth Year.   No. 8.
Eight Paget.
-1C. Seafarers Amalgamate Their Forces
ttg Majority Favor Unity
****** ******   '       ****** ******
tecord Year of Progress Expected
. DECISION has- been reached loyalty^vthey have displayed to-
I to amalgamate the National wards their organization In the
Ivors'  and  Firemen's Union  of face   of innumerable' difficulties.
nada with the Federated Sealers' Union of Canada, the form-
organization voting in favor
[this by a large majority.
The amalgamation will take
on March 1st, -when . W.
ffiths, Secretary of the N.S.F.
They never flinched from the
heavy handicaps they had to face,
and v were always hopeful that
som'e *day there would be an amalgamation beneficial to all ../concerned. Many, of the members
gave their Secretary valuable as-
i will  take  over the duties  of sistance, and worked hard to bet-
froln&n. for the Federated Sea-
ers.   For the next few days he
ter the lot of the seamen.
With the amalgamation of the
ll enjoy a few days' rest before  two unlons lbe seamen expect to
ling over his new duties,
phe merger has been consumed oh the following basis,
|lch was drawn up by the Fed-
i.—That in the event of the
(lerated Seafarers' Union of
. accepting the- National
ors and Firemen's Union " of
into membership that
nembers of: the N.S.F.U. Shall
have a record year, ahd hope to
be able to do a great deal to
further the interests of Canadian
pALGARY, Alta.—On
^* Saturday last the miners in the Drumheller Valley decided by a majority
of 33 votes to retain their
membership In the Mine
Workers' Union of Canada,
and not to join the I.W.W.
-X The vote was small and
inconclusive, bnt it Will put
the LW.W. on record as
there was an agreement
that whichever union was
defeated would withdraw
from the Valley. Tbe miners here are now* awaiting to
See . whether the leaders of
the I. W. W. will abide by
their agreement.
Robin Hood at Ottawa
******     ******     ******     ******
Politicians Suffer from Nightmare
rr__ Conservatives denounce worth), the member for Labelle
■*• very bitterly the promises of (Mr. Rourassa), and the member
legislation which the Progres- for Brandon, (Mr. Forke), where
sives and Labor have ben.able we have in this Chamber only
to obtain from the government, the ^embers of Hfsi Majesty's 103,-
Mr. Donald Sutherland refers to al opposition and -'rubber
"the.     supplementary      'Address', stamps.'"
which has been presented to par-      Rut  the most  interesting  pre-
liament by the Prime Minister on sentation  is  that  of  J.   W.   Ed-
January 28th through the Ups of wards,   especially   when   coupled
the  hon.  member  for  Winnipeg, witli   Mr.   Bird's reply.
North Centre, (Mr. WoodswoHh)." Hon. J. W.  Edwards  (Fro'fc-
Mr. Clark of Vancouver speaks tenac-Addihton:
ironically of:
liaraent-T-the member for Winnipeg,  Nortlj Centre,  (Mr. Woods*
C.L.D. Calls on Workers to Protest
Sentence Imposed on Alberta Miriers
ladmitted to the amalgamated *  PROTEST campaign is being tori>0' 'peaceful  picketing.   Until  wMehr   allows    non-jury    trials,
Inland-entitled to full bene- **• organized, by the Canadian La- 'watching' and 'besetting* can be etc.,  tits   very  conveniently  the
provldlng.4^ej.^are ^n. good bor Defense. League? against the made legal, we are. bound to have-.iweda of the  wine .operator* in- W^u^n7f^*^J^M^_,n^h.>
*«"'*.% outrageous    sentences     Imposed *—"' «"*•-   '**&*>  *—■-**■*-*  •-*-—   -0Itn Wntre  (Mr' Woodsworth),
I said, Mr. Speaker,
"The whole Commltte of_Par- that I would vote for this amendment __lso as aTprotest against
the manner in which the two
hon. gentlemen of this Souse,
representing less than two per
cent, of the membership of this
House, have made demands upon
the government for certain legislation, which the government
agreed to bring down. On 7th
of January, as you will find by
referring to page 688 of Hansard,
the  hot!, member for  W/mnipeg,,.
-That f^e. united union shall upon Burns and Cecil Terris for
extra ^.atroiman* bn the the^  activities   during   the   coal
s of organized labor.
-That    the    Federated    Sea-
Union of Canada in sub-
fng  the   proposals   is   at  all
willing to  meet  a delegate
) National Sailors' and Fire-
Union to consider anything
I will further the cause of sea-
ln general.
Act, and the revised statutes of farming province, does not re-
Canada, 1886, Sec. 66 state some quire the provisions of the Act
offences my be tried by a judge either for protection or privilege,
without Jury. The Criminal Code "The statement by Mr. W.ods-
of Canada does not supercede worth in connection with plck-
this legislation. In Saskatchewan etlng," contlues the League, "can-
As stated above the the provisions of the North-West not go without comment. Is
three years and Territories Act were repealed in picketing legal? This question
1907. In Alberta in 1928 there i8 asked time and again by'or-
was a repeal of Sec. 71, but the ganized workers In their union
other sections still stand.    I am meetings.       Organized     workers
rfront,  and  that  the  present  strike    in    the    Drumheller    and
fetary   of   the   N.S.F.U.   shall  Wayne    coalfields    last    summer.
tippolnted  to  that position  at  Burns   was   sentenced    to   three
[same  salary   as  the   present years and four months in jail, and
olman  of the Federated Sea-  Terris to six months on a charge
is receiving. of assault.    (In our issue of Feb-
-All present  members  to.be   OTiary   6th   we   gave   Kid   Burns'
pted    to    membership    who sentence as two years.   This was
not acted detrimental to the a mistake.
sentence   was
four months,    Ed.)
Both men were denied the
right of trial by jury, being tried
under an antiquated law known
as the North-West Territories
Act, passed about 1874. "This
Act," states the League, "gives
wide power to a' judge, such as
praise is due to the the denial of the right of jury sentation from the Alberta Gov*
bers of the N.S.F.U. for the  trial, and the right of jury chal-   ernment."
lenge by the defense."
Niampnt With Ufa-str        In an effort t0 set some de£"
[iiameni wun i«asK    lnite knowledge 0f this Act the
)ff  Unpleasant  Sight League   wrote   Mr.   Woodsworth,
 * Labor  M.P.,  asking  for information.     Mr.    Woodsworth    replied
as  follows:
"Further, with regard to the
cases of the Drumheller miners.
The situation is rather complicated." First of all, as you are
aware, we still have a law which
trouble. their  nfewly  developing  industry.
"Again, when the provinces of Its   retention,   without   a   doubt,
Saskatchewan  and  Alberta enter- has been for anthjabor purposes. *,,,-„.
ed  the  Confederation  they were We are forced to \s conclusion *£ °PP°sl«on <*■ Meighen), and
under the North-West Territories since    Saskatchewan^   strictly  aIS0    t0   the   hon•    meml)er    for
sent   to  William  Lyon   Mckenzie
King, to the right hon. leader of
Brandon (Mr. Forke), who ls
leading the Progressives ln this
House, a letter in which he asked the question:
. "Is it your intention to introduce at this session legislation
with regard to (a) Provision for
the unemployed; (b) Old Age
"Those letters were sent on the
7th  of January.    On   the  8th  of
informed  by  the  Justice  Depart-  claim that picketing is legal;  but  January   the   hon.    member   for
ment,  and  I  think it  ls reason-   now we have it that this is only  Winnipeg, North  Centre,  gets up
able, that further repeals of the  an   assumption   and   not  a  fact.  ln  this House and declares that
North-West Territories Act would
have to be made only on repre-
"Why," asks the League, "could
There is still a law which forbids hia iutle group-*-I*.use his own
peaceful picketing. It is as well words—are so placed as to be
that the workers should know able almost to say which of these
where they stand in regard to two sldes- That ls to say, Liberals
this important weapon of defense.  or Conservatives:—is to carry on
the   North-West   Territories'   Act  Organized labor can no longor at*
[TAWA, Can.—(FP) — The
Idian parliament.with its
off, is not a pleasant sight
lie bourgeoisie. "The sordid
facie," says The Toronto
"of representatives of the
historic parties crowding one
ler at the bargain counter
fl,wn their professed prlncl-
pollcies for office has
\\ei the public."
is apropos of the fact that
Progressives   and   Laborltes,
ve the deciding votes, have
ed the leaders of the old
to stand   up   and   define
position with respect to cer-
[robllc questions which they
merely   played    with
The   political
ipelljng the   old
be repealed, so far as Saskatchewan is concerned, and not in Alberta? There is this difference:
Alberta, in addition to being a
prairie province, has also rich
mineral deposits. The mining
industry is but in its infancy. The
(Continued on page 4)
ford   to  fence  the   question.   The *
workers, through their unions and Australian Worker
political units, must take up this
settle it with the       Saved by Labor Law
question  and
"Such   a   matter
death  to  the  trade
Manufacturer Likes
' Anti-Strike Clause
possibilities   for   development   are  ment cmnot be ,e£t to the ,nter,
pretation of sympathetic lawyers,
or even judges. Labor must now
get  something  definite."
always before the eyes of the investor   and   operator.     This   Act,
the   anti-strike   clause   stronger,"
was the burden of the advice given   President   Coolldge   by  J.- E.
Edgerton,  president,  and  Jas.  M.
Emory, general counsel and lob-
for byist for the National Association
immorality  of Manufacturers, when they cal-
pafties  to  led on him to talk over the Par-
bid for support when the  ker-Watson  rail  labor  bill.  They
might have been arranged  were accompanied  by  officials of
n or fhe exposure of the  the New England manufacturers'
ess of these historic organ-  associations, which call themselves
s to  place their desire for  Associated Industries,
above their principles, has      The "anti-strike" clause is the
the subject of many doleful  one providing for 60 days delay
ins ln the capitalist press.        of any change of conditions.
Highlights on This
Week's News
Seattle Painters to
of life and PERTH, Western Australia.—
union move- (FP)—The' following incident
shows what the workers owe to
their labor government for raising the benefits due under the
workman compensation act.
A lad  In the bush,  1,000  miles
from  Perth  was so  badly injured
_    ,,     .„      , that the doctor said tho only hope
Keep Radical Members   of   permanent  cure   was   to   take
  the   lad   to Perth   and   treat him
SEATTLE—(FP) —|M.   Hansen   In  the  hospital there.: Under the
Seafarers Union. 'Zalg.mate  1 ™* w-  *  «">«» «* the  Seattle  old  act, ;on^».   was allowed -for
ftobln  Hood  at  Ottawa  1 Banters union,  accused  of being .medical expehses.    But under the
O. L. D. Iesuos Protest Call 1„  1 members  of  the  Workers  party  Labor government's  amended  act
AMERICAN **"* as 8UCn 'nellgible for the
Uncle Sam as Strikebreaker 2 Brotherhood of Painters, Paper-
Workers .Delegation   to  Russia  8  hangers and Decorators have been
Textile  Bosses   Dislike  Publicity  8 acquitted by 85 to 8 by the local.
BBITISH While -these trade unionists do not
Purcell  Reviews  U.   S.  Labor :.' 7  deny thglr adherence to this point
Workers Face New Crisis — 7 of view' the prosecution was un-
Financicrs Grow Fat -  7 able to prove their definite, afflli-
FOBBION ation with tho party or any other
Labor Unions in Russia.  2 organization alleged to be subver-
Anstrallan Railroaders Enjoy 6-day      _  8lve   to  American   Federation   of
Women inHai^oT-int.!^*^ 6 Labor principles.
the amouht' alfowed for medical
expense was $600. This enabled
them to wire'for one of the Western Australian mail airplanes, -400
miles away at the time; It took
the injured'lad as a passenger to
Perth 1000 miles distant, breaking
a record In its rush to the hospital. An operation • took place
immediately, and today the boy
ls on the way to permanent recovery. Page Two
Friday, February 26, 19!
Labor Unions in Russia   CLASSIFIED AD!
Local Carpenters to
Ask for 5-Day Week
A five day week after the first
of May has been definitely decided
upon by local carpenters The
present wage scale of $7.00 per
day is to be retained.
Arrangements are being made
by the building trades to launch
an organizing capaign in the spring
when efforts will be made to completely unionize all building trades
workers in Vancouver. For the
purpose of facilitating this work
a business agent to handle the
work of the smaller unions is to
be put in the field. The Trades
and Labor Council has voted $200
to be used for this purpose, and
the Carpenters' and Ironworkers'
Unions have given $100 each.
Dr. Curry to Speak on
Russia Next Tuesday
The usual weekly lecture by br.
W. J. Curry will be held in the
C. P. Hall, 666 Homer Street, on
Tuesday night next at 8 p.m. These
meetings take the form of reading and discussing the report of
the British Trade Union Delegation to Russia.
At the close of each meeting a
brief period is devoted to singing
Labor and popular songs. Everybody welcome.
(By ESTHER LOWELL, Federated Press)
lVTEW TORK.—"The central labor food is supplied the workers." Co-
•^' union is. the unit of power in operatives handled about 45% of
Soviet Russia like the bank is in all sales in Russia last year,
the United States," says Scott The contrast between Russian
Nearing, member teachers union workers and Polish, German, Lat-
and Federated Press correspond- vlan, in fact almost all other Eur-
ent who has returned from an opean workers as to material well-
extended trip through Europe to being is obvious, Nearing notes,
lecture   in  this  country.   'If you Russian    workers    are    wearing
Social and Dance in
North Vancouver
A social and dance under the
auspices of the North Vancouver
Labor Party will be held on Saturday, February 27th, in the Horticultural Hall, Lonsdale and 22nd,
at 8 p.m.
Whisti music, dancing and refreshments. General admission
will be 25 cents.
M. L. Bruce to Speak_
in Royal, Sunday Next
Malcom L. Bruce, from Toronto will be the speaker on Sunday
night at the Open Forum meetings conducted by the Vancouvor
Central Council of the Canadian
Labor Party, ln the Royal Theatre. Comrade Bruce is one of the
foremost Labor speakers ln Canada, and being fairly well-known
in Vancouver is certain to have
a large audience, so those desirirg
a seat had better come early. The
meeting starts at 8 p. m.;- doors
open at 7:30,
Patronize our' advertisers.
Advertisers are helping us. Reciprocate by buying from them,
and tell them you aaw lt in the
General Touts Uncle
Sam as Strikebreakers
(By Art Shields)
army as a strikebreaking agency
has again been revealed from the
inside. This time by Maj. Gen.
Robert Lee Bullard, president National Security league. He drew
back the curtain from Seattle gen
eral strike, days by telling the
Government club that mayor Ole
Hanson was merely a tool of the
war department.
"I am letting you into a military
secret." said Bullard, "when I tell
you that Ole Hanson was called
up from the office of the secretary
of war in Washington, and told
that he must have backbone in
meeting the crisis. He was told
that the army would back him up
in whatever steps he undertook."
The general continued in dime
novel fashion to talk of the blowing up of bridges and tunnels during the war. Coupling the Seattlo
strike with these recitals he urged
that the National Security league
be still supported In its war on the
There was perfect order while
the Seattle walkout was on, unionists recall, and never was there
less excuse for military interest in
civil affairs if order, not strikebreaking, was the issue. The writ,
er saw the affair at first hand as a
member of the Seattle machinists
lodge. He saw labor patrolmen
on the job and such Ooulet that the
regular police force made fewer
arrests during the strike than in
similar periods before and after.
The walkout Itself was simply a
movement of the other craftsmen
in support of the shipyard workers who were striking for better
The history of the strike has already been told in, Anna Louise
Strong's booklet. But Bullard has
contributed a later chapter, not
the story of the strike, but the
story of the would-be strikebreak-.
er, the war department.
Ohio Employers Want
Cossack Police F°rce
CLEVELAND.—The . industrialists of this state are clamoring for
"state police". They declare that
the rural communities are unprotected from the attacks of bandits
and thieves and that state constabulary must be instituted. They are
carrying on their agitation among
the farmers, to induce them to demand protection in these days of
the "crime wave". If the farmers
of the state demand the state police, the manufacturers will be
The manufacturers point to the
achievements of the New Tork
state constabularly, to their protection of the farmers from marauders. The never mention the
state cossacks in Pennsylvania
and West Virginia, who are not
stationed in the farming communities, but in the steel and mining towns. They never mention
the attacks on steel workers and
coal miner's, or the efforts made
through the state cossacks to
break up meetings of the miners,
to destroy the union, etc. They
never mention the murder of
workers at the hands of these
state cossacks.
want   anything  done,   you   go  to
the central labor union about it."
7,250,000 Workers Organlted
Seven and a quarter million
workers in Russia belong to trade
unions, a gain of nearly a million
last year. Nearing states that
about 95 % of all Russian industrial workers are union members
and are second only to the co-operatives in being the largest organized group. The unions have a
large culture fund to carry on educational and social work among
their members. These feature
particularly impressed the German trade union delegation whose
report on Russia Nearing brought
The basic law of the land ls the
labor code," asserts Nearing, "just
as the property code is In the United States and other capitalist
countries. It's as bad to work a
man over eight hours in Soviet
Russia as it is to steal or otherwise violate the property code
here. Tou have to understand, as
the British trade union delegation
stressed in its report, that the
working' class is the ruling class
in Russia before you can Interpret
what is going on there. Outside
of Moscow and Leningrad in the
smaller communities where the
N.E.P. has little Influence, the
workers are almost 100% In control.
Protect Workers' Health
"Complete free health service ls
provided In Russia like fire protection here. Tou notify the proper authorities—turn in the alarm
—'When you are 111 and need attention. Nurseries are provided as
a matter of course for working
mothers' children. There is a cooperative restaurant in every factory where wholesome nourishing
whole warm well-made boots and
other clothes where workers In
other countries are clad ln well-
worn, shabby or ragged garments
and shoes. Russian workers get
enough good food to eat, while
other European workerB are on
slim, and poor rations. The apparent apathy of the mass of German workers is due to their undernourishment their hunger Nearing says.
Europe's Workers Starving
In the spirit of the workers, the
contrast between Russia and other countries is even more marked.
"Everyone I talked to in Russia
believes that they're going ahead
—and.you can see constructive activities on all sides. They're hopeful. Coming out of Russia Into
Germany is like coming from a
bright spring day into a dark cellar.'*' In Spain and Italy and Balkan' countries the labor movement
has been forced underground.
Thousands of workers are in prisons in these countries for trade
union activities, besides those in
for political.opposition, "Primo de
Rivera is nearly as bad as Mussolini. The military dictatorship is
everywhere evident ln Spain. Each
train has its military guards, armed."
For World Trade Union Unity
Among militant European workers the demand for world trade
union unity is growing insistent,
Nearing found. Unity papers are
being started in Belgium and Germany and soon In Holland, France
and Scandinavian countries. The
pioneer English paper Trade Union Unity' has many British trade
union officials constantly contributing articles in support of its aim
—world trade union unity.
TOLEDO.—(FP)—No war without a popular referendum.' the Toledo Central Labor Union asserts,
backing Herbert Bigelow, Cincinnati preacher, in his campaign
against banker-made wars. The
proposal In congress to "conscript
wealth" with labor was denounced
as a shallow fake.
Seattle Workers Make
Employers Back Down
SEATTLE.—(FP)—Members of
the Seattle Laundry Owners' association who posted, notices January 22 announcing the open
shop, now have issued other notices in which they declare that
they will continue to employ their
help from members of the Laundry Workers'  union.
This backing down on the part
of the employers postpones a general tieup of the laundry business.
The committee of mediators attempting to iron out differences
over wage increases and a Saturday half holdlay will contlue its
work. This involves about 2,000
workers, including inside workers,
drivers and stationary engineers.
The inside people (1,400) voted
to strike unless their demands
are granted. Their demands are
for an $18 a week minimum and
Saturday half holiday. The drivers
who work on "commission ask a
guarantee of $35 per week Instead
pf $25 as at present.
-TUHE tremendous productivity of
American coal miners compared with those of any country
in the world is emphasized by fig.
ures reported in the monthly labor review of the U. S. bureau of
labor statistics. Such per capita
output affords ample support for
the wage standards maintained by
the United Mine Workers.
The bureau's figures show the
average production of soft coal in
American mines in 1924 at 4.56
tons per worker per shift. This is
4 1-2 times the daily productivity
of British miners, 4.6 times per
capita production in fttie Ruhr,
Germany, 7.4 times that in French
mines and nearly 9 times that In
The bureau's figures showing
number employed, hours per day
and per capita daily output ln the
mines of various countries in 1924-
25 are:
Miner's Miner's Hours Ou(|iut
productivity tons
Germany (Upper
Silesia) 44,738 8%    1.16
Germany,  Ruhr, 447,923 8 .99
rGeat  Britain   1,074,079 7%    1.01
France 281,715 8 .62
Belgium 172,366 8 .52
Czechoslovakia      69,001 8      -  .84
Poland 96,638 —     1.01
United States      619,604 8       4.56
Translated Into totals this means
that 619,604 American miners in a
single shift wouid produce nearly
half again as much coal as 2,185,-
459 miners ln the other 7 regions
shown in the table. If we take all
regions ln Europe for which figures
are   available   we   get   2,328,897
miners with a dally capacity of
2,095,180 tons. Compare this with
619,604 American miners having
a daily capacity of 2,823,000 tons.
The productivity of the American miner has increased from
3.61 tons per shift in 1913 to 4.56
tons per shift in 1924, an increase
of more than 25%. This Increase
has come in spite of some reduction in the average length of the
working shift. In Europe, on the
contrary, the trend of production
has been downward.
Company Unions Danger
to Organized Workers
JACKSON. Mich. — (FP) —
Warnings that company unionism
and absentee factory ownership
hold serious dangers for trade unionism were uttered at the 37th
annual convention of the Michigan
Federation of Labor at Jackson.
Better adaptation of organized labor to mechanized industry was
urged. Federation "officals urged
more participation in state politics.
William Collins of the American
Federation of Labor made a plea
for the organization of the thousands of men engaged in the automobile Industries of Michigan.
Collins portrayed the tendency in
modern industry toward industrial feudalism dominated by great
combinations of banking interests
and the consequent destruction of
the rights and liberties of the individual worker.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401
politan Bldg.
Vanoouver Turkish Baths, Pa
Bldg., 744 Hastings St. W.
HA8KIN8   *   ELLIOTT,   100   Pol
Street W. Tht bett makes at blejf
on e»sy termi.
Arthur Frith & Co., 2813 Main|
S. Harvey, ES Cordova St, W\
Empire Cafe, 76 Hasting! St..
Dr.  d.  a.   McMillan,
Graduate.    Open daily and e.
688  Hastings   Street  West,   ear.
ville   Street.    Phone   Sey.  6954.
Dr.  W.  J.   Curry,   S01  Domlx
Red Star Drug Store, Cor.
dova and Carrall.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 41
tings St. E.
Oordova St. W., few doore
Woodward'!.   Sey. 86S7.  Wholesale |
retail window glass.
Grandview   Hospital—Medical,
leal,   maternity.     1090   Vietoria   1
High. 137.
W.  B.   Brummitt,   18-20, Cord
Arthur Frith & Co., 2813 Main
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and :
Ings Streets. H_Z_______.
W.  B.   Brummitt,   18-20  Corc|
V  HAIRED.     Columbia  reeorda,
les.     Gramophones    repaired,
reeds     and    supplies.    Will    Ed
Muslo Store, 986 Robson St.  Sey."-*|
Pitman Optical House,  615
Ings West.
Gregory   &   Reld,   117   Ha
Street East.
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Cal
Oscar Portuit, vice-president 1
vision No. 194. Amalgamated!
sn. of Street & Electric Rail
employees, and Robert
were discharged by the Newl
leans Public Service, inc., for]
good of the service," their
statement was demanded byl
local. A referendum, howl
resulted in 774 against a wall
to 733 in favor, out of a
strength of 2,200.
Send in your subscription tj
Don't- forget!    Mention the Advocate when buying.
--(a*a***aana**a*a***MH*H Hday, February 26, 1926
Page Three
jlian General Staff       Little Entente Balks
Jets Ready for Action     At Soviet Recognition
■ ,      ■*      	
30,000 Railroad Men       Chinese Seamen Hold
Enjoy Five-Day Week     Convention at Canton
)ME—The     Italian     general
ls working on plans to per-
the  complete  reorganization
|the army by the end  of the
ln accordance with the proof the bill just passed by
^senate. The basic idea in the
nation of the national forces
Lo  prepare  them  for  instant
in in'an emergency. The gen-
I staff announces in the theatri-
jmanner  of the  fascist  rulers
this  will supply  Italy with
[iuate means for sustaining the
Ior of the nation.
>s. Plan Huge Naval
Expansion Programme
JOKIO.—The Japanese govern-
iit   is   plannlg   a huge   naval
|ldlng   programme   to   include
construction   immediately   of
cruisers,   twenty   destroyers,
submarines,   three   gunboats,
five    special  service    ships.
fre   are   reports   from   many
|rters that the government will
ait a program calling for the
enditure  of  335,000,000 (about
9,000,000)  on the navy.
bitter struggle is developing
jlin the cabinet between advo-
ts   of  strict economy  and   the
fagonists   of. a   greater   navy,
latter group, comprising high
|al   officers  and  the  heads   of
munition   and steel   industry,
* utilizing the unsettled  condi-
1s in China and the increasing
laments of America to arouse
fiment in their favor. The "lit-
pavy" advocates, as the econo-
J:s are dubbed by their oppon-
point to the serious unem-
nent situation  in Japan and
general"   fear   of   dangerous
plications  ln  the  imperialistic
[oeuvers  of the  general staff
lanchurla.   Meanwhile  It   bells   increasingly    evident  that
(Washington disarmament con-
nce  of   1922   has  merely  dl-
|5d the great powers from the
jllng of useless bulks  of bat-
lips,   easily destroyed  with  a
bombs   dropped   from   aires, to the construction of fleet
nerce-destroying cruisers and
liarines in particular.
VIENNA.—The foreign ministers of the Little Entente, Czechoslovakia, Jugo Slavia, and Roumania, meeting at Temsvar, have
agreed not to recognize the Soviet
Union at this time, Dr. Benes, of
Czecho-Slovakia, objected to the
recognition because it would enable the Soviets to establish consulates throughout his country. It
is reported that a second conference of the ministers will be held
In May.
The Balkan pact, which would
unite Greece, Bugaria and Serbia
was approved and the hopes expressed that the two latter nations
would take part. The alignment
was a product of the Locarno pact
and all these negotiations represent the effort to establish a solid
European bloc against the Soviet
The foreign ministers, who are
each responsible for the very large
armies maintained to prevent a
labor revolution in their own countries, hypocritically complained of
the size of tjhe Russian armed
forces and alleged that the Soviets
were the bar to general disarmament.
The Jugo Slavian Journalist
Mesha Piyade, who Issued some
years ago an illegal Communist
paper in Jugo-Slavia, was sep-
tencd to twenty years at hard labor. This sentence frightened, the'
bourgeois journalists. They publicly opposed it and forced .its
annulment. A new trial against
Piyade is mow taking place and
it is hoped by these journalists
that the new sentence will be
"only" four or five years in prison,
Poland has a serious unemployment crisis. Government figures
which have just been made public give the (number out of work
at 261,000 skilled and 200,000 unskilled, a total of nearly half a
million. The figures are admittedly Incomplete. As the overwhelming majority of the population of approximately 29,000,000
are peasants this indicates a widespread industrial depression.
SYDNEY.—(FP)—Thirty thousand Australian railwaymen in
New South Wales benefit by the
reduction of working hours from
48 to 44 a week, worked In five
days instead of six as heretofore.
The 44-hour week now applies
to all workers in New South
Wales and where possible ls
worked ln five days, with two
full rest days .at the end of the
week. Queensland has had the
44-hour week in operation for almost a year.
The state Labor government
has also decided to take over the
private motor bus services of Sydney and environs and run them
as part of the general transit system). It is expected that better
service and cheaper fares will result. No private services will be
In Perth the Western Australia
Labor government has granted
members of the Railway Officers and the Tramway Em
ployes Union an increase of 80c
per week. All railwaymen and
tramwaymen in the state enjoy
the 44-hour week.
CANTPN.—The First All-China
congress of seamen was convened
here January 6. It was attended
by over a hundred delegates and
lasted for three days. Resolutions
passed included support to the nationalist movement, insistence upon a< eight-hour day and other
economic Improvements, and a
policy of aggressive class struggle.
The delegates pledged themselves
to work for the destruction of the
provincial spirit which has made
national unity hitherto impossible.
Idle Germans Prove
Dawes Plan Failure
Matteotti Murderers
To Be Tried in March
ROME.—According to the Regime Fascista, the personal organ
of Deputy Farlnacci, secretary-
general of the fascist party, the
trial of the murderers of Matteotti will take place the early part
of March.
the socialist deputies Gonzales and
Modigllani, who undertook to represent Matteotti's widow and to see
to lt that "justice" was deali to
the murderers have deoiiod not
to participate in the trial. Matteotti's* widow and childr-.-n will
not appear as plaintiffs, boasts the
fascist organ.
The five murderers are to defended by five lawyers and Amerigo Duminl, who is pointed out as
the slayer of Matteoitti, is being
defended by Deputy Farinacci The
court will undoubtedly whitewasn
the five murderers and set them
The N.S.W. Labor Government-
has decreed by proclamation the
44-hour week becoming operative
from January 4, 1926. The employers asked that the proclamation be delayed till July 1, but
the unions then issued an ultimatum demanding the instant proclamation of the shorter working
week. The government obeyed the
ultimatum of the unions.
During the war period the
workers of New Zealand formed
an association.to promote the Immigration of sons bf dead British
war heroes. They asserted they
were following patriotic motives.
An immigrant lad of 16 ls apprenticed in practice to a ranch
owner. The first year he gets
$3.75 a week, $4.26 the second
year, $6 the third year.
|attle—(FP)—The  3-year sen-
of Dr. A. C. Silverberg, al-
draft evader, will be reduced
r year if the recommendation
[ie judge advocate to the re-
Ing authorities at Washington
Treed   to    In  the   meantime,
pel   for   Silverberk   ls   taking
for a writ of habeas cor-
Nationalist Struggles
Are Menacing Serbia
Stay at the
lThe Plaoe Called Home
orner GORE AVE. and
Phon* Sey. «121
|00 Elegantly Furnished
[ Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate Prices
BELGRADE.—A serious ministerial crisis ls looming up, due to
the nationalist struggle between
the Croatian and Serb elements ln
the conglomerate population of
this country. The conflict has been
intensified by the dissatisfaction
of the Serbian radicals with the
speeches being made by Stefan
Raditch, minister of education, on
tour of the principal cities, Raditch was brought into the cabinet
to end this very quarrel which
had ranged on the one side the
Serbian central bloc and on the
other the Croatian and Solvenlan
federalists and the autonomists.
The division is growing continually deeper, a great contrast to the
success of the nationalist minorities' policy of the Soviet Union.
Recently a type compositor,
Giuseppe Bartoli, refused to set
an article glorifying Mussolini.
The worker said, that he would
not participate by the work of
his hand's i,n the fascist doping of
the masses. On denunciation by
his employer to the police, the
worker was arrested and is awaiting his trial.
Textile Industry in    .....
Poland Hit by Crisis
POLAND.-,The industrial depression has hit the textile mills
particularly hard. Capital Is difficult to attract and the industry as a whole seems doomed.
Trade Unionists returning from
Lodz and other important centres
in Poland state that lf present conditions continue that country will
lose Its Importance as a textile
manufacturing nation.
The economy of Poland is so
bound up with that of the Soviet
Union that there can be no permanent improvement until the
government perfects a political
understanding with Russia. This,
however, is contrary to tlie interests of the French and English
financiers and imperialist politicians who want to keep the country, regardless of how their ambitions may effect the people, as
a standing menace to the workers'   republic.
BERLIN.—The utter failure of
the Dawes plan ls shown in the
alarming growth in the number of
unemployed. So serious is the
situation that the reichstag has
increased the out-of-work allowance by 80 per oent. The total entirely without work of any kind is
officially announced as 2,000,000.
Part time workers number 2,500,-
As many more who receive unemployment doles are looking
vainly for jobs in the industrial
cities of the country. In addition
there are the "white collar" workers whose total brings the proportion of unemployed up to an eighth
of the entire population. In other
words, one out of every eight persons have no way of making a
living. This ls a larger percentage than in England.
The new finance minister, Dr.
Peter Reinhold, is not at all dismayed by the misery among the
workers. He is confident that his
program, which includes an increase tax on brandy, will enable
Germany to survive the crisis. He
proposes a 50 per cent, out in the
levy on mergers, believing that In
this way the trustification of Industry and finance will be expedited. His plan,, as might be expected, entirely Ignores the workers.
A plot to assassinate Deputy
Vaszonyi, member of tbe parliamentary opposition, has been frustrated ln Budapest, according to
a central news despatch. The report states that the assassination
plot was an outgrowth of the recent forgery scandals in Hungary.
The local capitalist newspaper
independence Bolge charges that
a large part of the recent $150,-
000,000 loan from America has
been used up to purchase dollars
on the open market in order to
prevent a catastrophic decline of
the national franc.
Say you saw it advertised in the
Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Irown Brothers & Co. Ltd,
st- *ft?> J"* •**-"*    <«« Orsnvillt Street   Sty. (018-1311
161 Hastings Street Weit. Sey. 1870
TAMPA, Fla.—City and county
officials of Tampa have been ordered to round up hooded bands of
nightriders who have been throwing the Negro population of Tampa and surroundingh into fear for
their lives. It is believed by of.
ficials to be a plan of real estate
dealers to drive out the Negro population and secure their land at
bargain prices.
Australian Labor Not
Sufficiently Docile
(By  W.   Francis   Ahern.)
SYDNEY.—(FP) — Influential
British capitalists complain that
Australian workers are not docile
enough, demand too high a standard of living and that their idea
of what constitutes a fair day's
work for a fair day's pay would
break the heart of Simon Legree.
The Britisher figures that Australia should be ruled from' the
London offices of British Imperialism, flooded with colored labor
and made to yield a huge profit
to   the   investing  capitalists.
Sir William Davles finds fault
with Australian workers because
of their "incredible waste and extravagance" and "their open hostility to indentured colored labor." Sir George Buchanan complains that they "demand the
maximum of pay for the minimum of work, strike on little or
no provocation." He mourns tho
fact that the Australian workers
have not fallen to the level of
the  coolie,
It is true that the Australian
worker will not be exploited if
he can prevent it, nor will he do
too much work for the wage he
rebeiyes. It is also true that he
will strike lf the employer tries
rough stuff. But this Industrial
virility has made the Australian
worker the envy of most other
workers in the world.
Striking Mill Girls
Battered by Police
PASSAIC, N.J.—(FP)—Police
clubs came down heavily on girls
and women as well as men woolen
strikers of Passaic as they attempted to cross into Clifton to
persuade other workors to join
their fight for better working conditions. Four of the workers
were arrested and charged with
disorderly conduct, although they
showed plenty of bruises from police clubs. Half of the plant
walked out.
Over a thousand woolen strikers were marching through the
snow toward the Passaic river
bridge guarded by thirty police,
including the chief of Clifton.
The workers refused to turn back
and pushed through the police
line. The nightsticks began to
beat on striker heads and bodies.
Police reserves rushed up.
Over 7,000 workers are in the
general wage fight, demanding
not only restoration of the wage
scale before the 10 per cent, cut
but also return of money taken
by the previous wage cut, time
and a half for overtime, 44-hour
week, recognition of the union,
no discrimination against union
members and decent, sanitary
working   conditions.
SEATTLE — (F P) — Twnty-six
laundry companies in Seattle have
served notice that from now on
they will operate open shop. This
cancels the agreement with 'the
unions which has been in existence
nine years. The workers are considering strike action. Page Pour
Friday, February 26, 192<
&<tikrU& 'po*^
Address All  Letters  fund
Remittancei to the Editor
% fflanata ftfat Atowrafe
1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C.        .
Phone Sey. 2132
;; Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
Labor Unity Is the Need of the Hour   Robin Hood at Ottawa
T AST century's history is replete with savage and brutal
sentences imposed upon members of the working class
"     _    .       in the name of "British Justice."   We find instances where
TIHE IDEAL WORKER has been  ,,-„.,, ,,    ,.,, .
I   ,.      ■       . ,  „   _   „ Ma   half-famished, nine year old children were torn from their
discovered at last.   Press dls- ' *■■<■■ . : .;..* 	
patches from Spain claim that llomes* and transported to a- penal settlement, for the "crime"
medical professors are puzzling of stealing a pocket handkerchief; and we read of how other
over a girl who has eaten nothing workers, who banded themselves together for the purpose
for five years and yet is enjoying of abolishing such conditions, suffered infinitely worse fates.
the best of health What a God- But d it almost insurmountable obstacles there have al-
send to capitalism!    It only the *" ,  *,       . , ■■*,. .
employing class can discover how ways been those who struggled to improve the conditions under
she does it they wiU be able to re- which their class existed, and the examples set by these men
duce wages by the amount needed and women ^ in mmiatake&])le terms to what can be
to cover the cost of fodder.   One   ....,-.     _..,. -*■*-•., '--. .. , .    ,      .   ,,      ,   .
thing ls certain, if she so desires done by those who have the moral courage to break the chains
she cam toe assured of always 0f tradition, the audacity to try, and the willingness to work.
having a "steady job".    She will »       «       »
be able tp underbid all competl- _
tors, and stffl sawe money. .But -THE end of the last war marked the commencement of a
she had better closely guard her **   WOrld wide offensive against Labor.   The international
"""V T!!h ^JJHT™ competition for markets, which to some extent was dormant
goes by the board she will be no * ,        >
better off than the rest of the during the war, broke out immediately upon its cessation on
herd. ^ an unprecedented scale/  ml       i!       ,!1       1'1 --■**---   **--
(Continued From Page 1.)
the jnethod is one which woJ
have placed the noose round Ro
i*n Hood's neck if they had cauq
"Mr.   Forke:   Did   Robin  _l\\
 _„. .___    The nation which could produce the
cheapest was in the most advantageous position, and in oi-
SYNTHETIC beef-steaks are re- -_ .        .    .
ported to be about to make ^ to reduce production costs the capitalists in every country
their appearance.   Cotton seed oil attacked the living standards of the workers in an effort to
is said to be one of the chief in- ^^ Up0n ^eir shoulders the task of bringing "prosperity."
mm id stsjj * iu aim°st mry °°mtv*the ruung ciass was «mM-
mess, but it is not related what Britain had her "Black Friday;" Japan her Kobe dockyard
the more solid substance is tto be str}jte. the United States her open shop and "normalcy"
£S£T« £.1^ drives> Italyher seizure of the factories' **later the Fas-
Wd to have saw dust used for stif- eisti coup; Spain her white terror levelled at the head of
fening.  That wffl provide a mark- every a,etiVe ' tarade unionist.
Si^VEE^^ But in spite of this savage attack the workers in some
be' made from cotton seed oil and countries were sufficiently astute to consolidate their forces
saw dust the lumber barons wUl ^jg retreating, and where this was done the set-back took
have no need to worry over the
minimum wage act. on a more temporary aspect.
, ■■ „   ,   . Here in Canada the split in the ranks of the workers which
TOWARD P. is reported to have followed the formation of the 0. B. U. was taken full ad-
•k made "an important speech," vantage of by the owners of industry and wage cuts took
about the League of Nations^Wto plaee ^ over ^ CQuntry) with'only a sporadic resistance
jrhta^Unotasitid,0,ftortobvio!Is here and there. No serious effort was made to consolidate
reasons.   The outstanding feature our ranks for the purpose of carrying out a counter offen-
was "get on with the export trade,"    .
and no doubt that is  important ' ,       «       «
enough to the manufacturing in- ,.»,,.„_,,.    i
terests, but it appears to be a pANADIAN Labor today is confronted with another attack
devil's own job to get it to "go vi ]-ut apparently it lacks the unanimity of purpose to put
on".    In spite of the frantic ef-
forts of such bodies as the Feder- up a united resistance.
ation of British industries the in-      During the past three years the miners of Nova Scotia
femai thing is as stubborn as a j.ave beeI1 stacked again and again.    Two years ago the
Siu^^'noS to longshoremen of Vancouver were crushed by the Shipping
matter with the Prince's advice Federation, after putting up a strenous fight.    Two years
other than that it didn't teU how.   „„„ +Vw> „„„i mj„aWB ;„   Alhantn fonr. lit -fm» unities siy nr Rfiven
there just the same.
"Mr,   Edwards   (Frontenac-Al
.:   The   inference   i   waf
the hon. gentleman to take—aid
(Continued on page 8)
AMERICAN imperialists are reported   to   have   received
ago the coal miners in Alberta fought for some six or seven
months against a wage cut of $1.18 per day. Less than a
year ago they were again attacked, and again suffered de-
shociTthe other" day when "they feat.   In all these instances the strikers fought alone; they
discovered a number of smaU flags receiYed no aid from the remainder of the organized workers,
placed    alongside    theirdinner fcw .^^ cageg
plates, bearing tho Inscription, on *■_■_:,, , ,'-.'■_* ,     ,    ,     •■
the reverse side, "Made ln Japan". About three months ago a number of those who had taken
And why not?   Their flag is thc an active part in the Alberta coal strike were placed on trial.
2 1X7/^"^ Several of them were denied the right of trial by jury.   One
most other countries. was sentenced to over three years in the penitentiary; a num-
•   *   « ber of others received smaller sentences; and a verdict out-
opeeches in Ottawa are re- iawing the alleged right to picket was rendered; and once
ported to be like ^nnys™\^ agaiu not 0ne murmur of protest against these savage sen-
Brook.    PerhapsI    But if a spell    » .    *..       .     _,       *,
of dry weather came, Tennyson's tences came from organized labor in Canada,
brook might stop, but it wiu take      ^ few <jays ago the manager of a local theatre applied
more than the arid climatei of on- ■ injunction to restrain members of the Theatrical Feder-
tarlo to dry "P sonic of our can- ».. ~i
adian politicians. ation from advertising his place of business as unfair to
 — organized labor.   The case has been laid over for a week, but
Seattle—(FP)—shipping eir- meantime a temporary injunction has been granted,
■des in Seattle are all heppedi up       obviously Canadian Labor must make a united and deter*.
.over the report that early in Feb- ,..*,■,._., ... -,. i.
ruary 12,000 Fordson tractors win mined stand to win back its lost position, and prevent any
be shipped out of this port over further encroachment on the few privileges it now enjoys.
Japanese   lines   to .Vladivostok. Th      j.      £ permitting one section of the workers to fight
These machines have been bought *      '        * ° _ _ A--
by the soviet government for the alone, and thereby suffering piecemeal defeat, must be aban-
peasants.   This is considered a  d0ned; and a real united front, based on aggressive struggle,
herald of resumption <>r Russian presented to the common foe.
trade via the Seattle gateway. r
the government of the country.
"I   think    the    only   inference use a pigtol?
from that is that it was a very «gir Henry Drayton: That
plain   Indication   to   the   gove.-n- poor picture.
ment that they had  better  come B(Jwar|Js    {prontenao.
across   and   favor   the   proposals he UMd a
demanded;  otherwise there might       . ,„ . i.„„   «.!_.«_■
. .    ... ° and arrow.    My hon. friend
be    unhealthy    consequences    for _ ,      __.     , .<„„.„.i
.. _„„_*,__ _ take  the  language as  figurati
the government.    The letter sent ,_■?,•,"..      .   .    Z.   i™»,. i« **„t
.    .u     ,'*..-■■_       .   _,        ^  ,*. At all events I am right ln sayl
to  the  right  hon.   leader  of  the ..   .   . .   . .     „K.„i^i,
... . that he  used  force  in   obtain!.
opposition   was   answered   on  the ., ...      ,  ..       ,„h„  _—{
n,.    . T _. ,i the  wealth  of the  richer peol
9th of January, and, as we would       '     '    . ,,..„_   ,.   0_„„„   2
_   ,^ and   distributing   it   among   t
expect,  the answer was clear-cat *"" '      , *, „„„„i-«„„
j x   ,_        , _    _„t most needy of the population,
and to the point.    There was no "       ", .        .   *'fc„'*„tj,
bidding in 'fcte answer sent by the  d°   _ot, know hoW„ t0h °h^a   !
leader of the opposition. Follow-   what   is   proposed   by^the   I
ing the letter sent to the Prime   member for Winnipeg, North Ce.
Minister,   the   hon.   memb,r   for  tre' under the _£rlm!nal Cod,t
Winnipeg,     North    Centre,     says      "Mr. Heaps: Would you call
that he had an Interview, recog-   ase penslons robbery?
nlzlng   the   Asperate   position   in      "Mr*   Edwards    (Frontenac-A.
which the government was placed,   dlngton): No. I have no intent!
the   hon.   member   for  Winnipeg,   of  the  ki*pd.
North  Centre,   and  his   colleague      "Mr.   Heaps.   The   inference
pressed    for    further    legislation.
Their additional demands referred ..mr. „„„„„„ v_* ,.,,_..„__
to the Naturalization Act, the aingt0n): The Inference I
Criminal Code, and the Ihimigjra- - •
tion Act. Tney received no answer from Mr. King. Then came
the vote ip this House on the
14 th of January, in which the
government was sustained by a
majority of only three. Evidently
the member for Winnipeg, North
Centre, thought that was a favor-
able time to press for something  pEDBRATED   LAB0B   PAETT_Eo
definite   from  the   leader  of  the      ln_ 319 pender St. West.    Busim
Liberal party.    Apparently he was  meetings 1st aad 3rd Wednesday e'
mot satisfied to accept the verbal fc8«; =JS& 2SrtHfc&
assurances   of  the  leader  of  the  3544 Prinoe Edward Street, Vancon-
Liberal   party   in   regard   to   this  B-^*S!fftaVh5r8S&.»to
legislation.    He asked him to put  Biring information re securing sp< ~'
his  views  in   writing.    The  hon.  for the formation of local branches
. .      , , __. _   ly   communicate   with   Provincial
member   very   frankly   says   that  ,»___ j   Lyle Telfordi 624 Birks
this   method,   which  he  has, pur- Vancouver,   B.   0.,   Telephone   Se
sued, of finding out what the var- 18ga- or.Bayview  5520
lous parties think with regard to BAKERY   SALESMEN,   U>CAl,.vri
..,,..         .            .    „ Meets  second  Thursday   overy  mo_
proposed    legislation   Is   perhaps in Ho]den Bldg.    President, J. "-'
somewhat   novel   l^i   this   House, well;  financial  secretary,  H.  A
Yesl  Mr.  Speaker,  It is a some- ron, 761 13th Ave. East
what   novel   procedure,   and   one OTJJBOTr   UNION, ^
which I think should not be en- the monti, at  145 Hastings W.,  -'
couraged.    On the 29th of Janu- -'-   *-**•******    ™    v    "»™»-
ary Mr. King, writes to the member for Winnipeg, North  Centre,
agreeing to his demands, which, I     „„*„„, „_   ,  ... -.  -
repeat, constitute a supplement to Meets  in G.W.V.A.  H»ll,  Seymonr
'      .    . „, . Pender   Streots,   second   Sunday   at
the Speech from the Throne, and am    president, E. 0. Miller, 991
constitute also  an  unblushing bid son  street:   secretary,. B.  A.   Jamiei
_     .. , . 991   Nelson  street;   financial   secreti
for support.    On the morning  of w   B   wilUiamS| 991 Nelson street;
the   29th   of   January   the   hon. ganizur, F. Fletcher, 991 Nelson strc
member for Winnipeg, North Cen- THE   pBDERATED   SEAFARER
tre,  says  he  received  that  letter     OTM   »_ ^£«
from Mr. King, and on the after- 168 Hastings Street W„ Vaawmvsft
noon of the 29th he rises in his Tel. Sey. 8698. President, James Be
place in this House ** puts that ^o-Presia^ '**£%«_*•»$
letter   on   Hansard,    with   these Branch, Room 11, Green Block, B
words. Street, VlctorU, B. 0.   Phoae 1608
Meets  second Monday in  the' monl
President, J. R. White; secretary, R.
Neelands.   P.  O.  Box 66.	
p.m.   President,   R.   K.   Brown,
Charles   St.;  secretary-treasurer,  Ged
Harrison,   1162  Parker   Street.
UNION,   Local   145,   A.   F.     '   "■
It seems to me— typographical UNl'QN, No.
c*«     .u    u u     .     »_., President,  0.   F.  Campbell;  vlc_-ui
Says the hon. member for Win-  ldent| T. QUthro; secretary-treasurer,]
nipeg,  North  Centre: H. Neelands, P. 0. Box 66.   Meets ■
Sunday   of  each  month   at  2   —
—that we must be very grate- Holden Building, 16 Hastings
ful indeed that the peculiar com- prince RUPERT TYPOGRAPHIC,
blnation of circumstances which ' UNION, No. 419—President, S. 1
we find existing in the House at ^-t^T^-T^iuau'
this time has seemingly made it Thursday of each month,
possible to place upon the statute ■ —
books long over-due legislation in
the interests of some of the most
needy but least influential" elements of our population. -    "•*" -   -    -- - ,    _
With Which Is  Incorporated
"Those were the words of the  THE  BsmsH  0OLDMBIA
hon,  gentleman  ln  regard  to the TIONIST
course which he had pursued.
May I poiitit out, Mr. Speaker,
that lt waa in a somewhat simi-  -■      Business and Editorial Ofllce
lar   manner   that  the   celebrate4 _, 1129 Howe St.
Robin Hood took the purses from The Canadian Ubor Advooata is a j
.1.. -i«i. -* 4*i.« «_i-t „« « «i„.«i factional weekly newspaper, giving »
the rich at the point of a pistol 0( the firmer.f»bor movement to ag
their    ~ '	
By the Lator Publishing Oe. ■
and    distributed
and     dlstrlDutea     tneir    wmwu
amongst the most needy but least Str°.1^.60i".r >«? Canad
Influeiptlal members of the popu- per year, $1 for six months; to 1
lation.    The    motive     Inspiring gsribta^a ■ »o«f, Mt p«-■
Robin Hood, the bandit, and the Member Ihe Federated Press andl
hon. member for Winnipeg, North  British labor Press        ■
Centre,   may   do   credit   to  their '                    "
hearts;   but   I  submit,   Sir,   that
_^^^^^^^^ __A-.
riday, February 26, 1926
Page Five
The Week at Ottawa
need for the proposal brought
forward last year by Miss MacPhail, and later by the Canadian
Bar Association that prisoners
Should receive wages ana in the
case of married men, these should
be turned over to their wives
The next leeter was from the
Miners' Union in British Columbia urging action with regard to
(By  3.  8.  WOODSWORTH, M.P.)
&ITORS  to   parliament/from saw a  little  more  of the  world
J their seats ih the gallery," look than   their   own   island   of   Cape
id on the House of Commons Breton."
I imagine that they have seen      We bad all imagined that trav-
Tjwa  at work—not  so.    As  a el   and   the    general    education, the miners in Nova Scotia.
Ker of fact,  the most  impor- which   it   involved   was   a   good The Unemployed
work   Is   done   outside   the thing.    It may be very desirable The  nextj   ln  faot  two  ietterg
aber,   in   committees,   or   in -for the upper classess, but appar- oame   from'   the   unemployed   in
luses, or in private interviews. ent'y it may lead to rather disas* Edmonton and Calgary who had
lhe present time general in- trous results when indulged in by been arrested  for  obtaining food
tt   centres   Ip   the   Customs ordinary workers.   The editors of without   being   able   to   pay   for
se   enquiry.    -There   is,   how- the Besco Bulletin/probably agree same and who had been reieased
another   important   hearing with the following sentiments: on   our  representations aflid  now
on in the city, that is, the "What are workers? were  ln  the  sam6  pl,ght ftg  be_
tht    rates    case    before    the Mainly rogues a,nd asses, fore  They had been ln oommunl.
(lway Commission.    This Com- Kept   in   comfort   by   the   upper catlon wltl-  provlnclal authorities
Won has Its own Court Room      classes;'
and also with the Department of
he Union Station Building, the. -Tbey  could  not  live  unless  Kind  Labor at Ottawa,
CHICAGO.—(F P)—-Nationwide
protests from co-operative organizations are being made against
the violent occupation of the Italian national co-operative offices
by the fascist regime of Mussolini
in - Italy. American co-ops joining in the demand of the international co-operative movement for
restoration of the Italian co-operators rights include the Waukegan
(111.) Co-operative Trading Co.,
the Co-operative Trading Co., of
Quincy, the Finnish Co-operative
Hotel & Boarding House of Cleveland, the Marengo (Wis.) Farmers
Co-operative Mercantile Assn., the
Brookston (Minn.) Farmers Cooperative Trading Co., the Cloquet
(Minn.) Co-operative Society and
the Intl. Work People's Co-operative Assn. of Duluth.
Hand Made Loggers' and
Seamen's Boots
NORTH VANOOUVBB     Phoae 1181
We Havo Some Oood Bays In
Cash  Payments  As  Low As  "P t,**
Phona Soy. 7405       1865 OranvUle St.
hngements are more or less
le of a court. The Commission-
rand their assistants are seated
Bnd a long raised table. In
\t of them, inside the rail, are
es and chairs occupied by the the following:
cukes and deans
By arduous  mental  toil  supplied
tto means."
Alas, Uie Poffr Rich!
Later on in the article ws find
resejitatives of the various in
lsts that are making their reputations before the Commis-
a* Here, as elsewhere, the
rers are very much in evi-
Ipe. Just outside the rail are
reporters' tables, and around
The Soft Job Hunter
Here is another letter asking
for influence in obtaining a position with one of the Departments. (In this case we maintain
our usual stand that we do not
"If those who cannot afford Intend to ask for any favors as
motor cars would think how much we usually find that where favors
better it is to have a comfortable are granted favors are usually ex-
home and to be free from debt pected, and that ' ln any case
than to be struggling to keep a government appointments should
car; if they would realize that be made through the Civil Serivce
the* people who make much mon- rather than through personal in-
-_i-J** _a.S_af.COm™0(ia " W are Sreatly ln the minority nuenoe.
.          *,            ____                     in   any   part   of   the  world,   and We next come to a large packet
interested spectators. One can-
listen even for a, short time that  they  UBUally  have  responsi. from  a  man  __,ho   hag  a  „great
fthese  hearings  without  being bilitles   and   troubies  that   offset idea.»    (Ten to one he is a crank
ressed    by    the    complicated muoh  ot  ihe  pleasure they may but there Is always'the off chance
tacter    of    the   freight    rate eet   from   their   wealth.   u   they that m Mea _nay be we„ worth
fcture.     There   seems   nothing would   consider   that  while   theU. whUe     ^ any casei ge ,s dead.
*al at all in the arrangements. olimate   is  pot   all  summer   and in_earnesti and has no where else
6 the  outgrowth of scores of sunshlnfe|  lt  ia  usually free from to look in the House for anyone
Jlcular cases and legal  decis- tornadoes and earthquakes  to advance his claims.
Further, it is rather aston- they would haye no time £or the Next comes a requeat (rom an
ag  how  closely  it  is  related grumbli„g a„d discontent." eastern  organization  with  regard
|he freight rate schedule and A1]r very good advloe but prob. tQ   oertaln   representatiwis   whlch
oonditions  that  prevail  out- ably   muoh   more   applicable   to shouid be made before the Ballot Canada.-  Indeed, the po- the   upper   classes   than   to   the
9,1   lines   tend   to   disappear mlners t0 whom lt la dlrected.
we  get  into   close  contact
industrial and financial and
bportation affairs. There may
■uoh a thijpg as abstract jus-
Ibut the decisions of the com-
|e   would  seem  to   be   based
largely   upon   the   strength
8e   economic   pressure.      Of
se, there are constant appeals
■gal procedure, and to general
tiples but, after all, such ap-
would   seem   to   be   very
fly   attempts   to   Justify   de-
already arrived at.
sted Interest's Propaganda
way Commission with regard to
increases to be granted to the
Bell Telephone Company in Montreal.
A Prospective Immigrant
We pass to another letter wrlt-
The   House   does   not  sit  u,ntil
three   o'clock   in   the   afternoon.
Visitors sometimes imagine that ten by a post-graduate student in
this means that the members lie the United States who is anxious
abed till lunch time. They forget if possible to obtain some work
the Committee Meetings, corres- jn Canada rather than to settle
pondence and other business that down permanently in an Ameri-
comes to most members. When can university,
I returned from a week-e-pd lee- Then here are one or pro iflivi-
ture ln Montreal, I found, the tatlons to give addresses to vari-
following correspondence. piled on   ous bodies.
my desk: Such is our mail packet. Prob-
A   request   from   a   Montreal  abiy   a   member   should   not   be
many matters, we are  told  gentleman for a copy of  certain   turned into a oonvenlent messen-
the state must not interfere  documents connected with the en-   ger-    u he gives his  time to  a
arouiud   parliament  we   find  quiry now goipg on re the Cus-   hundred   and   one   little   things
the state does actually inter-  toms House. that come alo-ug he has little op-
in almost every detail of our      An order from the Secretary of a   p0rtunlty for studying the  larger
rn   industrial   life.   Interests Union in Edmonton for a supply  -matters of policy.    On the other
ranted,  protection and  prlv-   0f Hansards of a certain date. hand,   lt  ls  through  this   corres-
of all kinds. It is only when      a  resolution  from  the  Crow's   pondence that he is able to keep
.common   people   speak   that  Nest Pass with regard to present   ln   touch   with   his   constituency
Jlon iB raised to state inter-  unemployment, and the urgent re-   and   others   across   the   country
loe.    Besco  publishes a reg-  quest that this matter should be  ^j,,,  are keniy interested  in the
Bulletin   to   oarry   forward  taken up with the government. Work   i*p   which   he   is   engaged,
ropaganda.     Sometimes   this      a  letter   from   a  railway  man   and   wh0   may   be   stimulated   to
s   very   interesting   reading.  in Nort'i Bay enclosing a clipping   oarry forward the outside propa-
e last Issue there is quoted  showing how our position in tho   ganda  which  is  essential  to  the
tement from a lady anxious  House   was   befog   attacked,   and.
move the causes of industrial  with the endorsation of the local
•t: railway men.
Back to the Bible Tlle Alberta Miners
ay it not  be  true  that one      Three different communications.
In for unrest among the min-  conoerning    the    arrest    of    the
that they have more educa-  Drumheller  miners.     (These  men.
d read more of the world  have  been  trled  under  the  pro-
ge  in   the   magazines   and  cedure   provided   for   in   the   old
apers    that    come    within  North-West   Territories   Act,   aflid.
triumph of democratic ideas.
Fur Workers Get
Ready to Strike
NEW YORK.—(FP)—"The fur-
i-iers union is not disturbed and
will continue its plan to strike at
the most strategic moment," the
workers joint board answers to
[reach than was common a have not had the opportunity of the lockout of 3,000 of Its mem-
ation or so ago when they a tl,ial by jury_ Here we have* bers by the Associated Pur Man-
pt read much more than the invoived questions which concern, ufacturers, inc. Negotiations for
paper and the Bible." the   reiations   between   the   Pro-   a new agreement between the em-
, presume that the  implica-  vmce of Alberta and the Domin-   ployer  association  and  the  union
that we  should go  back  lon Government:  the peed of the   failed,  followed by a strike vote
local paper and the Bible  revision of the Criminal Code, al-   by the workers.
Jlbly   we    should    go    even  so   the    possibinty   of   obtaining       There    are    about    11,000    fur
back   to  the   time   when   0iemenoy f0r men convicted under  workers in the New York market.
l-ommon    people    had    not
[learned   to   read.     In   the
[ages, if there was industrial
lt did not become so local
So troublesome as  it  is to-
The article  goes  op:
Effect of Travel
such  circumstances.)
Fruits of Capitalism
Another communication from a.
foreign woman in northern Manitoba whose husband was in gaol,,
leaving the family almost in desperate   financial   condition. (Here
' good, many  of the  present  again there was tho  necessity of
lation   have   travelled,   many  attempting    to   secure   clemency
Negotiations between the United
Fur Manufacturers, Inc., the Greek
employing group, and the union
are still going on but union officials expect a general strike. The
majority of fur manufacturers are
Independent, taking their lead
from the employer associations.
The Associated's declaration that lt
will re-open on a non-union basis
hem  went  to  the  war,   and  ar,d further than that, the urgent  ]s not intimidating the workers.
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-     401-408 Metropolitan   Building
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Telephones: Beymour 6868 aad 8647
Riverview Ratepayers'
Meets the 1st and Srd Tuesday nights at 8 o'clock, In
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Heavy and
Work Boots
Sickness, The Result of Defective Teeth
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
Pbone Sey. 3354 for Appointment
r\OCTORS are now recognizing the relationship betwoen dls-
*-*   eased teeth and bad health.
Every woek or two some physician sends mo a patient to have his
toeth attended to, and in the majority of casos Iho doctor's suspicions
are confirmed, and tho health Improves when the Dental needs have
boen  supplied.
This is natural; good blood depends on good digestion, and this in
turn depends on mastication.
Dr. Curry combines Long Experience with most Up-to-Date Methods.
Friday, February &, 19m
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. Hi Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
Women Work Naked
in Japanese Mines Company Unions in Ameria
A LARGE quantity of business
was transacted at last meeting
of the Federated Seafarers' Un-'
lon, Including the amalgamation
of the N.S.F.U. with this body.
Many letters have been received
from members in other ports
througout the world with news
of activities of the members while
at sea some of which are good,
but could be better as stated in
one   of  the   letters.
The motor ship "Lillehorn" returned to port the other day, and
most of the grew decided to quit
owing to the unlimited hours
the men were asked to work. The
men state that although they
were not paid overtime, but in
all fairness to the owners, they
were treated fine as far as food
was concerned. The captain was
not of the type who insist that
men shall be treated like dogs.
He listened to the men's complaints, and expressed his views,
which were reasonable when the
amount of trouble that had taken
place working the ship is considered.
The oilers were on six-hour
watches, one on each watch.' One
of them told the captain that he
intended to quit at Vancouver, his
reason being that six-hour watches were too long, considering the
work that had to be done. Captain Johnson stated that he was
sure the owners were losing money,, which prevented having three
watches at present, but he hoped
if things turned out alright later
on, he would be able to be fair
with the men.
The deck crew had to work
cargo at different ports instead of
longshoremen, therefore it was no
surprise that the most of the deck
department quit when the ship
reached Vancouver. The men,
some of whom were organized,
stated that if they did not have to
work cargo, conditions would not
be too bad. The main point to
be considered is that the "eats"
were well cooked and lots of it,
which is a lot considering some
of the vessels sailing from Vancouver.    Let us hope the owners
76 Hastings East'
Late  54th  Batt.  anl 72nd Batt.
have less trouble ip future7"and
that -the men will be treated better regarding overtime. Other
companies when making profits
alway sseem to want t6 lower the
conditions of the seamen.
Acommunicatiop was received
from the San Francisco branch of
the Sailors' Union of the Pacific
regarding the recent amalgamation, and another communication
from V. Aolaftider the General Secretary-Treasurer of the International Seamen's Union of America in Chicago, requesting some
copies of the constitution of the
Federated Seafarers' Union of
Canada, a^d other documents required by that body in discussing why the Seafarers' Union
should be recognized by them.
The letter with the copies will
be sent immediately.
The men on the "Famous" reported at this office that as a
result of seven men quitting that
ship the other day owing to bad
conditions they received an offer
of ten dollars a month more
wages. The management evidently realize that it will pay them
to treat the seamen a bit better
than they have been doing aboard
the "Famous" which belies her
name for good  conditions.
Business is particularly busy
at the office these days although
shipping is quiet. All members
are asked to hand their membership books to the delegates for a
check up, as owing to the amalgamation of" the National Sailors'
and Firemen's Union all the books
will have to be re-numbered in
their alphabetical order, Next
meeting will be held on Tuesday,
March 2nd, in the headquarters,
163 - Hastings Street West, at
8 p.m.
Bates, H.; Bell, A.; Beckett.
H.; Brannlgan, J.; Crocker, L.
R.; Coll, J.; Dobbin, H.; Glana-
gahan, H.; Gallacher, P.; Hannah, W.; Hird, H.; Hammill, B.;
Jackson, G.; Jones, T.; Jones, N.j
Kissock, J.; Lawson. J.; Maekay,
J.; Mcintosh, N.; Maddigan, M.;
Millar, Hall; McLean, L.; McLaren, W.; McDonald, J.; McLeod, M.; Ogden, A. W.i; Stephen!
C; Starr, J.; Worrall, W.; Tar-
ratt, C. W.
Dad Mercer, who ls well over
the limit for working, and is at
the Old Men's Home called at
the office the other day and asked for several of the old-timers.
He Insists on visiting the headquarters and was making enquiries if it was O.K. since the amalgamation. Sure, Dad, you are
welcome  anytime!
Members ln hospital: Joe Etch-
ells and Joe Worrell at St. Paul's.
George Watton is at the General
work in Japanese coal mines under wretched conditions, reports
Powers Hapgood, member United
Mine Workers of America, who is
returning to Pennsylvania after
working in mines in many countries.
"On Kyushu Island—the centre
of the coal Industry—I got into
two big coal mines, one of them
being a deep shaft that employed
3,000 workers," Hapgood writes.
"For the first time I saw women
working underground. The mines
were terribly hot so the men at
the face worked stark naked except for straw soles on their feet
while the women wore nothing
except feet protectors and loin
cloths not more than- an inch
wide in back and four or five in
"It was quite a* shock to me in
a narrow tunnel with four or five
inches . of water on the bottom
and squeezing roof with cracking
timber overhead to be suddenly
forced against the side while an
all but naked woman came
splashling through the water,
bending her knees and back to
keep her head from striking the
low roof,, carrying an oil safety
lamp with one hand and with the
other steadying a pole across her
bare shoulder at each end of
which hung a heavy basket of
coal that she was carrying from
the face to the cars." „
Although Hapgood found less
child labor in Japan than ln
China, he writes that he visited
Japanese textile mills where feudalism ls complete. -The labor ls
80 per cent, female and the girls
sign contracts for three years.
They live in barracks inside factory gates, are not allowed outside the walls the first three
months and afte rthat only in
groups ln charge of a matron.
In China "industrial conditions
are terrible—little naked boys of
six working twelve hours a day
ln the mines, girls of seven or
eight and mothers with nursing
babies working twelve hour shifts
seven days a week In cotton and
silk mills, and practically no labor unions. Life In the country
districts is not so bad as in the
industrial centres."
The Japanese labor movement
"is struggling along—the miners'
union having about 10,000 members out of 400,000 mine workers
—and the other unions being not
muoh better," says Hapgood. After he was entertained by Osaka
trade union leaders, the Japanese
police kept a constant watch on
(By ROBERT W* DUNN,   Federated  Press)
(Second article in special series on company unions.)
EW YORK.—"How far will the fundamental principle of its ma
Pennsylvania  Railroad  go . in agement.
recognizing labor unioris instead of
its own hand-polished 'employee
representation plan'?" This question ls asked by workers on that
road as rail executives, led by general Atterbury (Pennsy R.R. president) and rail union heads execute a lion-and-lamb reconciliation before the hearings on the
new rail labor act before congress,
Do the "new spirit of co-operation," the "opportunity to preserve
self-government in industry" and
other sanguine phrases used both
by attorneys for unions and by
railroad counsels mean anything?
Specifically do they mean that la-
American rail workers on son
65 roads, now cursed with 900
pany unions face the same contrj
on the Pennsy. That the is)
dictions and problems as those
boards under the new rail leglsj
tion offer the way out, these wof
ers wait to have proved.
Blood on Coal in
State of Ari2
PHOENIX,   Ariz.—(FP)—Foil
men killed and 742 injured ln <t|
Arizona   mines   during   1925,
cording  to  the  annual report,
bor-hating Atterbury  has hit the  state mine inspector Tom FostJ
trail at a labor union revival? And  The  report  shows  a  decrease'
will the strike of 30,000 shopcraft
workers, on since July 1, 1922, to
prevent the Pennsy from violating a Labor Board order and from
instituting a company union, be
discontinued? Will the shopcraft
system federation No. 90 as well
as the regular railroad clerks',
maintenance   of   way,   and   tele-
163   in .non-fatal  accidents   w.i)
more   than   700   additional
employed,  or  724 Injured  out
13,985    men    employed    in    191
against 887 injured of 13,2.6 eq_
ployed   in    1924.     The   fatalltil
were the same for each year.
Foster was a union  miner
many years prior to his electfl
graphers' unions be called back to  as  state  mine  inspector  and  tl
Send ln your subscription today.
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We Make a Special Effort to Get Goods Out by First Mall
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Vanoouver, B.O.
8 Miners Convicted
On "Frame-up" Charge
BENTON, 111.—(FP)—Eight union miners of the progressive faction in the Zeigler mine local,
stand convicted and five acquitted
in the trial at Benton for assault
with intent to kill the union sub-
district vice-president, D. B. Cobb.
The convicted unionists will move
for a new trial at the end of
The case arose out of factional
differences ln. the local union
which came to a . head when the
subdistrict officers refused to side
with the local officers in a dispute
with the company. A member of
the progressive faction was shot
and killed' at a turbulent meeting
and Cobb of the other faction was
beaten up.
The jury was composed of farmers. The accused miners were assisted by the International Labor
Defense which announces from Its
Chicago headquarters at 23 S.
Lincoln street, that it will aid in
the appeal.
Subscribe to the Advocate
negotiate agreements in place of
the arbitrarily created puppet unions now functioning from general
Atterbury'B office? In short, will
the million dollar company union
be scrapped and the trade union
movement again be dealt with as
during the days of federal control?
Labor, official organ of rail unions, reports that Donald Rich-
berg in Washington hearing answers the question of whether the
P. R. R. could carry on Its company unions by asserting: "That
sort of activity by a company union is absolutely forbidden under
this act." The P. R. R. officials,
however, are reported In the New
York Times as declaring that nothing in the bill interferes with the
present Atterbury rump union
Meanwhile ,the rank and file of
Pennsylvania railroaders should
not forget what the Atterburian
idea of "industrial democracy" has
cost them to date. It is in Its
sixth year. The company has
stoutly refused to deal with representatives of what it calls "absentee organization," meaning regular brotherhoods.
The company set up in face of
the overwhelmingly adverse votes
of service, its powerless company
committees, bought and paid for
completely under management's
It refused to recognize the unmistakable mandates of its shopcraft, telegraph, clerical, and
maintenance of way workers
when in election after election
they chose the established rail unions as their representatives. It
cast aside all these ballots and
dealt only with its hand-selected
local and regional committees.
In doing this it thumbed Its
nose not only at its workers but
at the ineffective Railroad Labor
Board and the supreme court Itself, both of which severely condemned and censured it.
It broke the strike of shopmen
called to combat the company union, by use of every method in
the catalogue of strike smashing;
gunmen, guards, espionage, discharges, cancellation of furloughs,
force  and  intimidation.
It drove a stout wedge into the
unity of rail workers and still further separated the big four brotherhoods from the more weakly
organized crafts.
in the course of its campaign
road officials stated categorically
in Rail Board, hearings, that they
would deal with workers in less
effectively organized crafts as Individuals, but not as representatives of labor unions. This is the
road's position today. Its company union exists to oarry out this
fact that dust has been practic
ly eliminated   in  the  mines
every approved safety method
into use has been due to him.
Pass .this copy to your shopmq
and get him to subscribe.
Aak Any Labor Man.
Housekeeping  and  Transient
Central—Terma Moderate
Under New Management
•Bill" Hnngerford and M. Oa
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M CORDOVA STREET jtoday, February 26, 1826
Page Seven
landers Grow Fat
While Millions Starve
LONDON.—The three company
borts which the Statist publishes
tits current issue show that the
ttntry Is still a fit place for
(ireholders to live in.
For the laat three years the dlv
|nds paid by the respective firms
•e been as follows:
,       1923    1924,  1925
tax     tax     tax
,      free   free   free
  will be made to carry the industry
(By   Scott   Nearing.) until March 81, which is the end
LONDON. —(FP)—Thousands   of the financial year and an ad-
Britain Ships Textile
Machinery to Russia
LONDON.—The amount' of mon-
      ey paid up to date, since the insti-
PurceU Reviews U S  Lahor British Workers Face   Sir coal BUbsidy tota,s
1 UrCCll   IXC VIEWS   V.Q.   L_clDOr    New Crisis, Says Cook   a further grant of 9B minions
(By SCOTT NBARI NG, Federated Presa.)
T ODON.— "British   labor, so  far could  you get a more represent-
.    as I can see, has little to learn ative group of men? All are well 0f British lads of 18 and 19 years alttonal 10 millions will be requlr-
from    Its   American    comrades," ■ known   and   all   liave   been for have  never  held  a Job  in  their ed to oover expenses up to April
says President A. A. Purcell of the years active in the -leading Brit- HVes   simply   because  there  was the so-
tucf    ie,cf    wet    una mm Internatlonal Federation of Trade ish unions.   As for our three ex- none to be had, says Secretary A.      There   appears  to   be  a  fairly
i./e       /o   1.0/0   tiv«,M««  Unlons   and   Brltlgh   fmternal   to  perts, they were men all of whom j. Cook of the Miners' Federation general Impression that these en-
»   ta   tlT~ the 1926 Amerloan Federation of had worked In the British public of Great Britain. '   ormous amounts have  been  used
2°0%   25SJ    25% ut?" c°nVentlon '»;Atlantl0 Citf-  ■"**>•  ^d  none  of  whom, was      .,We are (aclng  a   crlsis.   -^y to sustain the level of the mine
Bls-Royce- ^"f      > oonventlon ? *•* *» or  Is  a  communist. should    wfl   blJnk       „    demandB workers'  wages but, according to
Dis Koyce- Mexico     a on       w     b   k j   d.  - .._. lg fo_.y ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^   ^ ^ ^^ ^^ ^   stephen   Walsh(   M.P>(   the
Uthough   the   iron   and   steel    IT*V    meetings In American teh delegation of being commun- urging us to forget it. They write neater   part  of the  money  has
ttcturer   are supposed to b    cities^ Everywhere I told the story ,st.    We  looked  at  RuBSla from                  sm       B gone  t0  8weI1  the  already  ,arge
KnTtSKTSiS tiT Z^lrT-eT^-Z ^ *^» ««* »« ™* timlsticl    In my own trade there *** °< the mine owners.
Reeling the pinch so much as  ^^Zei Seartily tthe at T   "*   " th'"f\,there  «* are   300,000   men   out   of   work. The International Miners'  Fed-
_ ,.-_:„„,..,,_./                               file responded heartily to the ap- impressed us mightily." Some of them have not been em- eration which is in session at Gen-
 ■  ployed  in  years. eva, is seeking to establish some
Jjding to the Economist, the pro- labor ffiovement "has started right  British BoSSeS  Bleed               "Mayday'  1926' wiU be a fate" ^^^10^71™™/^
.   made   by   the   nine   largest awav ._ anothe. r0ute-ouite dlf-              x-r      voa™ "k*u           ful  day  for  our  Industry. Unless ™*°™ ot employment among the
ms were £2,010,348.                   ,   £*   "rom ourl    Tn^merlcans              Nstiw Labor *l\ Fiji we yield before that time we shall »!»•» and  producers  of  all the
for the last six years, their av- are trylng the p"olloy of pemea-                         ^                          be forced to take a cut ln wages coal   producing  countries   of  the
jtge yearly profits have amounted tlng or borIng- within  capitalism.             (By   Francis  Ahern.)             or to make a fight.    Papers talk worla-
I more than £3,100,000.                   They plan t0 buy up the machln-      SUVA,     Fiji    Islands.-(FP)-  ** thoneh li were ln my hands *° Wit\a vIeW t0,8aVl"f *• '""
Hese figures need to read over ery   of   pr0duction   by   investing When   Thakombau,   king   of the  deolde tte lssue-    But 8UPP°se * dustry from  complete disaster in
by  side  with  the  fact  that  trough svalngs banks and invest- Fiji Islands,  ceded the  islands to  should   yIeld  t0  tne  demands   of Great Britain and on the Contln-
lll over a million  families  are  ment companles.    i have a book Britain 50 years ago, it was stip-  the   employers.    The    miners   of ent an International control of ex-
I the verge  of starvation.             here  by  a Harvarfl   professor  ,„ mated  that the rights of  the FI-  Wa,es   would be   after   me   with P°rt coals is necessary and  it is
"™"                                                                                                                                                                                guns.    Papers tell you every day hoped that the committee will ar-
ln   discussing  these   matters  that range some settlement of that na-
I   am   only  one   person.     But   I ture.
speak   for   more   than a   million	
which the whole plan is explained, jians  to - lands,   foods, etc.,   were
"It does not sound right to me to  be guarded from  the  capltal-
»_.•   •        t  j though.   With us there is an"im- lsts then prowling about the group
IH Mining  IndUStry presslon that we cannot hope to and despoiling the natives.
f hy Production Pell
members of a single organization.      Pasg th)g copy t0 your shopraate
■                                   gain through schemes proposed by How this British obligation has  th "77."    ._ h,_hmnto„ m.„t   n„_      	
LONDON—During the last elev- the caifttalists. The American slo- been dishonored is now a matter "XX.       "   mgnwater mar*, uur and get hlm t0 subscribe.
»            _.           *.         .        .                                        .„   . . .   . „ membership   has    never been   so _____________________________________
[years the number of surface gan seems to be:   'We take a step of dally experience.    The best of ..__-     a   it   i     t d           a          -
irkers in the mining industry has ln advance when we get Into the the   Fiji   lands   have   been given S    ° ay   an        e
|reased by 23 per cent., whilst picture with the capitalists.'   We to others. The sugar barons find-
men   have   come   back   since   the
,     „,-,,,     i ,.,     ■ 1921   crisis   because   they   realize
jh number of underground w ork- are moving right away from that ing   the   natives   not   amendable  that union]Sm is the onlv possible
has increased by only 14 per viewpoint    th    Britain."    Purcell to their appeals for labor, Induced  road t0  vi0tory»
Aa the output per head ls then   discussed   amalgamation   of the British government to permit
on the total figures of both craft into industrial unions.  "We coolies  from  India.    This system
Cook   produces   fgures  showing
SEALED TENDERS,   addressed  to  tho
undersigned,   will   bo • received   by
. — —=    „«„   .......           ...                    _.„_.— i. the   undersigned   up   to   8.00   p.m.   on
|face and  underground workers,  regard it as part of our everyday operated for years, and proved a miners   in   many   coal- Monday,   March   1st,   next   for   paving
in itself, says Sir Wm. Bever-  job,"   he   said.    We  are amalga- curse to the Hindus and a greater £le,ds'   such   as   Northumberland, tho following streets:
one of the members of the mating constantly. The thing that* diirse to the Fijians.     .               . "e n°wft "*•vin* an averase °f A*T  streot-10th A™» t0 18th
Commission, "is a reason for impressed me in the United States      The outrages perpetrated  under a               shu»ngs a day.  (1 shilr 4,lBt Avonue (N.S.)—Blemheim Streot
Ibting whether  the  dimliished was the way ln which they cling to coolie Indenture led to its repeal. ^^l^J^J^,^ 2'. * mZfZ-t-mis Avenue to 18th
put per head should be mainly their multiplicity  of little   organ-  But denied the Indenture of Hin
iibuted to the lesser effort of lzatlons.     Their    present    policy du   coolies,   the   sugar   combines
persons below ground.'
cated by the employers would cut   . ae**l-*eJ P™™—*
Avenuo (widening),
the   men   to about   6   shillings,   a       Angus   Drive—29th   Avenuo   to   88rd
Avenue (widening).
Arbutus   Streot—37th   Avonuo   north-
Pon't forget!   Mention the Ad-
when buying.
[Province   of   British   Columbia
Department  of  lands
ation for the Position press,
seems to be taking them farther are recruiting Fijians at  $10  per ^age  far  below the cost  of sub
in   that   direction.    Look   at  the  head.    The poor recruited simple- "'""
B.   &   O.  plan   for   examjple.    As tons, bribed  by a promise of $15
far as I can see, that  will  take value in native drink, sign up for -^	
them   back  to    dealing    between work in the sugar plantations and tnat mean? It means forcing Bel- full   information  may "bo   obtained  on
the   employers   and   the   workers mills.    Few understand what they fan and German miners to take ^payment of tt sufofls.oo^vS
in a single shop.    It is a reces- are   doing.    Before   a   European loWer wages  or starve,  and then will bo returned on receipt of a bona-
sion." magistrate   they   touch   the   end uslng   the . low continental   wage fido tendl-r*
•British   Employ Solidarity        of  a  pen,  and   the enlistment  is »*« to beat down the standards (1A ^*^l^rtol.™
The result of this situation  Is made'    If recalcitrant later, they ot   Brliiah   miners. wlu be required with each  tender »
—    _*,__,     ._.,     , _,     ._._       0ne  th,       }s  ne secunty    that    the    tenderer    will,    if
7    _ callod upon,   enter into  a contract,  and
sistinence. or]y (wideningj.L——,,——,,^—,,,
"They talk about a Locarno for 0slcr  Avenue—Crescent  to   25th  Av
i„v,__,i    r,    ,         ..      ,,„,,    .     , onuo   (resurfacing),
labor,      Cook, said.     "What   does Form   of   tender,   specifications   and
evident enough   according to Pur-  °"°    ""*"*    """    "•**""•*"'*■**    *■"*                  =   "*•*■**• ••**  -~»-- callod upon,  enter Into a contract,  and
,_      .  ',_     _ .^        ...       breach of contract.    The contract e"'   unity—both  at  home and on provide the required bond for tho per-
cell.    "Tou don't get the solidar-                                v , form8nce o{ the work.
ity we do," he told The Federated  Wage   0r   tnlS   slavery ls   *luu   a       w" m  °^_  The l-™68' or any tender not neccss-
year.                                                                                           :  arily accepted,
Thus the Fijian natives are be- The  right  arm  of Labor  ls a
"Take the  strike  on the
Assistant  Forest  Ranirer    transport  lines   here   in   London.      '■""- """ *"J"       ,__^
__• 8        The    streetcars    stopped.   People lns  enslaved  in  their own  coun-  strong press.    Add power- to this Municipal Hall,
Uct:   Thoso  examinations   are   for switched  over to the buses.   But *ry',and on   their  own   lands  to  arm by subscribing to THE CAN-     58<n West Boulevard,
r   -i— *«-„!»„      rtU~l„H »„„U„U„.«      J„        1T1T1«   T ATJrvr,      tTttrr.rs.ns-r, Vancouver,    B.    0.,
foreign    Christian    capitalists    de-   ADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
Swells Coal Profits
purpose of filling present vacancies the busmen refused to carry them ,
> enablo candidates to qualify for                             _*„„„„.,     nn,«_   .»,_. sPlte    the   British    guarantee    of
vacancies and increases in staff, so the buses stopped.    Then the  .„,„..     ,  f "L
sletant   Foreet   Banger.:   Assistant whole crowd took to the subways. im™nity  from   exploitation    The
Iit Rangers are employed during the The   subway    men    then    struck. Village SarQens are neglected,  the
rnZth?rf pyoesasIblondbyhto?krion You see we have developed over communal life ls being destroyed,
^^TwCrtTi; here a routine of solidarity. the,men are taklne to drink, and
Sntment ls made each year as long                                , ■■       ....     ,. their women folk are now, in the
atisfactory  service  is  given     Pro-        There is one thing that should absen(je   of   y.
in to the permanent staff is made be   said,"   he   concluded.     "Presl- ,,„K,.,  „    ....   ...    TT,   .
nerlt  and  examination  as  occasion -    . „            . ..      ._.,,„._  T**a •habitlnK w|th the Hindus.
-    The salary ls $100 per month dent Green of the American Fed- 	
...at year and $110 per month the eration   of  Labor  issued   a  circu-
fdi/ge,,eripoans<es'ir2o0aiso paid*year> ,ar ,etter under date ot December Government Subsidy
Ufications  for  Candidates:   Candi-  24 whloh  beSlns:    'To a11  or^n'
0 must bo British subjects, resident Ized   labor,   etc.:   Information   has
British   Columbia   for   at  least   one  reached  me   that   central    bodies 	
lltlon and wlth™woode Experience!2*   and local unions have been asked LONDON. — An     investigation
should have  experience in  firo  to contribute to a fund to be used here  into  the  status  of  the  con-
W& VSa"-SS, am"nT _0nd°haav. to-send   a  committee   of   alleged tracts   made  some  time   ago   be-
idge of the ForeBt Act.                  labor    representatives    to   Russia tween textile manufacturers of the
examinations  are  partly written, for the same purpose that a com- Lancashire district and the Soviet
oral   and   aro   designed   to   test      ,..         .                  .._.          „. ,            ..             ...
fandidates'  ability along the above mittee  of communists from  Great government   shows   that   satisfac-
All  statements  made   by  appli- Britain visited  Russia and  sought tory   results   are   being   achieved.
|aMe0sub?eaeT\orifl?atl?naby to   make   the  world believe   that Contrary  to   capitalist   press  pro-
Sxamining board.                              the soviet government was repre- paganda,   the  Russian   obligations
ference is given to returned sol- sentative of the people.' are being met promptly.
*&AatoraSo4UoaSa?k,n      ™   *™   «*   that  not one   of Tweedales & Smalley, a promln-
>e held at the places and on the the men who went with  our del- ent  textile  machinery concern,  is
named   *»low-     *■»-*   '"tS"?'-"? egation  was a communist,"   Pur- running full time on orders from
te"1 of Ws  district  for  application cell    insisted.    "Take    the    list— the Soviet Union which is import-
and   for   information   regarding Bramley,  secretary of the   British ing   machinery   to   equip   its   own
"hfeh6itamwiiatbo hold.thApp1}i"a- Trades   Unlon    congress;    Flnley, mills.    This is in accordance with
• forms   should,   in "each   case,   be  general  secretary of the 'Pattern- the governments  policy  of  build-
out and mailed to  the  District maker*-**  Smith,   president   of  the ing up its' own" industry in order
iter in time to reach him at least                    •       .    *     -       -     , °
ays before the examination,               Miners;   Bromley  of  the  Amalga- as soon as possible to cut down the
Apply   to    mated  Locomotive  Engineers and import    of    manufactured    goods.
Date             Fore'tor'at FIremen;    Ben     Tillett     of     the This  policy aims  also  at  the  in-
March   14         Vancouver Transport  Workers;   John  Turner creasing   of   the   industrial    base
Mareh   17         Vancouver of  the  Shop  Assistants,   and   I as through lhe   enlargement   of   the
G   R  NADEN         president    of    the    International factory working class as compare^
Deputy Minister of Lands. Federation of Trade Unions, How to the mass of peasants.
February  22nd,   1926.
Announces the world's greatest advance in record
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The Red-hendcd Music Maker, now an exclusive
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"Kentucky's Way of Saying 'Good Mornlns'"
2094 "That Certain Party" Fox Trots by Isham
"Paddlin' Madelin' Home" Jo,nes Orchestra
2992 "Sleepy Time Gal" New Hits played by Ben Bernie's
"A Uttle Bit Bad" Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra
3031 "Miami" Al. Jolson with Carl Fenton's
"You Forgot to Remember" Orchestra
and many others now on sale—75c.—play on any phonograph
The Kent Piano Company, 339 Hastings St. W.
Ross-Wightman Company, 846 Granville Street
Mc-Gill-Sparling Limited, 718 Robson Street ___..'"a_ss
Page Eight
Friday, February 26, 192j
The Truth About Russia  "tS
to Russia
Workers' Aim
(By Dr. W. J. CURRY)
The   British   Trade   Union
Delegation's   Beport  declares
that   the   Bed   Army   alone
saved tlw Workers' Republic.
rt_— Darwinian law of natural
selection, or what Spencer
termed the "Survival of the Fittest," in the struggle for existence >
is back of organic evolution, and
the Workers' Red Army formed
and evolved as an essential organ
ln the struggle for existence of
Soviet Russia.
The student of economic and
industrial history, and especially
the elass struggle, knows that
working class politicians and "industrial leaders" who tell us that
the master class Is ready to resign without force their God-given and age-long right to rule and
rob the^ workers if only constitutionality and the ballot box is
used to transfer the power, ls
either lacking ln understanding or
Power rules the universe, including the activity and conflict
of classes, and it was only the
superior power of the Red Army
over the combined forces of the
British, French, American, and
other invaders that enabled the
Workers' Republic to hold power
and develop to that potpt where
today it can defy its class enemies of the world.
The Red Army began with the
Red Guard in March, 1917;-but
Kerensky, the step-at-a-time socialist and class collaborator, ln
July proclaimed this illegal, and
the Bolshevist soldiers were
forced underground. In August
Kornllov's counter revolutionary
attack induced' Kerensky to legalize the Red Guard. By the time
the November revolution occured,
after four provisional governments ahd Kerensky himself had
come and gone, 16,000 Red Soldiers with machine guns aflid armoured cars had been organized at
Petrograd and Moscow. By January, 1921, the Red Army had
reached over 5,000,000 men.
The old armies of Russia, largely through the suffering entailed
in the "Great War for Democracy," had deserted their imperialist masters and enlisted on the
side of the workers. In April,
1917, the Cossacks had actually
fired on the police for firing on
the revolutionists.
When a few months ago the
twelve communists of Britain
were jailed for subverting the
forces of the state, through telling
the "soldiers of the King" not to
shoot down members of their
class when on strike, lt seems the
* rulers of our mother country
must have been heeding the sad
fate of their class ln Russia.
At the election of the Constituent Assembly almost all the Baltic Fleet voted Bolshevik. Out of
770,000 on the -North Western
front 480,000 had voted the same
way; and out of nearly 2,000,000
men of the Moscow and Lenln-
. grad garrisons, the great majority
had voted for communist candidates.
Economic pressure had done Its
work, but the ballot without the
backing of armed men would
have been useless.
. The report states that the
standing army, navy ajid air
forces ls now 663,000.
Education  anil  Discipline
Nowhere can we realize better
the contrast between the class nature of Imperialism and the classless nature which will exist in the
(new social order more clearly
than in comparing the status of
capitalist and red soldiers.
The report says: "Discipline is
strict while on duty, in the Red
Army, but off duty all ranks,
high and low, mix freely on easy
and equal footing, and there is
no trace of the social gulf separ
ating officers and men  as exist
in the armies of Europe,"
The reason for this is obvious.
In Russia the state and forces of
the, state represent the mastership, the freedom, and the interest of workers. In imperialist
states, including our empire these
organs of state exist to enforce
the rights of exploiters over the
working classes.
Imperialist soldiers must be
kept ln ignorance, the reading
and discussing of political and economic problems are strictly forbidden. In Soviet Russia industrial history, social economics, and
the class struggle form the basis
for soldiers' and civilians' education.
Under the Czar 90 per ce.pt.
of the army could not read nor
write. Illiteracy ln the Red Army
does not now exist. Every soldier
as a part of his training has "two
hours per day in general education and one hour in the study
and dlscusion of political problems."
It is the Workers' Republic of
Russia, and associated with Russia, in the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics, now embracing 37
states, because of this fact every
able bodied man ls a trained defender of his country, and realizes
that he represents the working
class of the world, and is a unit
In the great vanguard of the new
social order, which stands for
peace and happiness fpr the human race.
PITTSBURGH.—Trade unionists
of the Western Pennsylvania are
determined to learn the truth
about Soviet Russia even if President Green of the American Federation of Labor is opposed to a
delegation visiting that country. A
conference of trade unions to send
an American trade union delegation to Russia was organized recently with active unionists as officers.
A few meetings ago the Pittsburgh ..Central Labor Union with
a packed delegation concurred in
Green's letter. For a time this
threatened the possibility of sending a delegate to Russia from
Pittsburgh. The membership is
not of the same opinion as their
paid officials.
The last meeting of the conference received a number of additional delegates from locals and
central labor bodies from nearby
towns as well as many locals from
Pittsburgh. Now in place of one
delegate the conference is proceeding to prepare to send two or
Robin Hood at Ottawa
(Continued from page 4)
I think he is intelligent enough
to take it—is this: That in the
case I referred to the bandit used
force, took advantage of circumstances, to obtain what he wanted
whether he was entitled to lt or
not; and the plain Inference from
my remarks ls that the hon.
member for Winnipeg, North Centre, and the hon. member for
North Winnipeg (Mr. Heaps) have
done exactly the same thing,' I
want to tell them that ln my
judgment such methods are absolutely subversive of the very first
principles of responsible government.
"Now, the hon. member for
Brandon (Mr. Forke) asked me
a question. We are told that many
years ago a gentleman named
Clnclnnatus was twice taken trom
between the handles of the plough
and conducted tp Rome as dictator, and with the help of the Roman legions performed some wonderful achievements. I believe,
on looking over the recerd, that
the hon. member for Brandon has
twice been taken from the
handles of the plough, brought
down here, and Is In the position
of dictator to the government at
the present time. I daresay that
with the help of the legions
across,the way he will be able to
perform achievements, even greater than those performed by Clnclnnatus.
"The present situation in this
House, which has been brought
about by the government's greed
for office, ls nothing more or less
than a two-ringed political circus,
with the hon. member for Brandon as the ringmaster cracking
the whip and obliging hon. gentlemen opposite tp dance to his music. Well, every circus, of course,
has its clown, Its funmaker, and
lt is almost unnecessary for me
to say who occupies that position'
ln this particular political circus.
We all appreciate the fact that
the central actor in this political
vaudeville is the hen. Minister at
Ths right arm of Labor is a
strsng press. Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
No Publicity Wanted
By Textile Employers
NEW YORK. — (FP) — "Mill
owners not only shut but slammed
the door ln the' face of a proposed study of the textile industry
by the " institute for research and
social science, University of North
Carolina, accompanying the rebuff
with the admonition to mind their
own business," quotes The American Child, monthly organ National Child Welfare Committee,
from the Greensboro,  N.C.  News.
Students had proposed to study
the southern textile Industry, not
mentioning mills by name unless
agreed to, showing how mill
workers shift about, how many
have risen to positions of managerial importance, cost-of-living
study in mill villages, efficiency of
welfare schemes, etc.—all coldly
statistical. But the North Carolina manufacturers would have
none of it and told the university
to "stick to your knitting."
British Investors Do
Not Require the Dole
LONDON.—There is supposed
to be shortage of money in this
country, but the return of the new
capital subscribed for the year
1925 does not lend much support
to this theory.
The total amounted to no less
than £232,250,000, over an Increase
of nearly £23,000,000 over the previous year.
The geographical destination of
this new capital was as follows:
United  Kingdom     £165,000,000
British  Empire     £ 61,000,000
Foreign.countries   £ 16,250,000
Many of the issues were over
subscribed several times, and
brokers had to close the lists a
few hours after they were opened.
Switchmen's Union
Seeks More Wages
Switchmen's Union of North America asks approximately $1.57 per
day. more pay, the amount varying
according to. .service. Government
statistics to show that switchmen
are in the most hazardous of railroad jobs are used to support the
union demand. One switchman of
every four was killed in 1916—■
more. tha.n the war, casualty rate
for American soldiers in France.
circular issued by New Orleans association of commerce to outside
capital lt is stated that "factory
labor ls not organized and the
price for common labor ranges
from $1.60 to $3 a day."
When* making your purchases our readers can be surej
of good treatment from any of these merchants.
I WOULD like to give you a personal invita
tion to visit my store, but as that is im
possible please accept this printed invitation,
You may not want shoes right now, but I
you to see what we haverand to get acquaintec
I guarantee that any purchase you make froi
me will givfe you satisfaction. Solid Leathe^
Dress and Work Shoes for Men, Women anc
. (The Beet for Less)
163 HASTINGS ST. E.       (Almost Opposite the Libr
x '§m
-.-..-*   -'■'*»%;'. M
Helps Those Who Help Themselves    J
DIGGLY WIGGLY prices are consistently low.   Every article
purchased from Piggly Wiggly is absolutely guaranteed to]
give entire satisfaction or your money will be refunded without question.
2151 41st AVENUE WJ
Beauty   Comfort   Utility
NEW HOME      '
Seymour and
Vancouver Motors
Seymour 7700
Seymour 7700


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