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The Canadian Labor Advocate Sep 18, 1925

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Array THE CANADIAN
AWO
With Which Is Incorporate/ .HE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Seventeenth Tear." No. 38
[Thomas Gathers, Aged
Pressman, Drops Dead
Thomas Gathers, aged 75, an old
(time pressman, pased away at
t Kamloops on September 9th. Returning home at 4 p. m„ he was
I heard placing the key ln his room
'door, but fell and expired lmme-
■• diately, death being due to heart
■ disease.
The late Mr. Gathers ln early
s life worked on the Toronto Globe
and Toronto Telegram, afterwards
moving to Palmyra, N.Y., where he
became a widower.    Arriving in
B. C. ln C. P. R. Construction days,
he Joined the staff of the Donald
Truth, edited toy the late John Hus-
: ton.   When the Vancouver World
started,   Mr.   Cathers  became  its
| pressman.    In 1894 when the Inland   Sentinel   was   acquired   by
i Messrs Jones, Spink and Finbow,
he went to Kamloops and remained
' on the staff of that paper for five
'years, after which he went to the
Kootenays, making his headquar-
i-s at Nelson. Finding hts health
' failing with declining years, he re-
'_ turned to Kamloops.
Of a backward disposition with
<strangers, deceased was always af-
' fable with  old acquaintances or
.those who had broken the barrier
'of reserve.   He waa a member of
[the   International   Typographical
[Union before the advent of the
Pressmen's   Union.     He   will   be
sadly missed by a large circle of
i|friends and  acquaintances.    The
[funeral was largely attended, Rev.
H. R. McGill officiating.
VANCOUVER, B. C„ FRIDAY MORNING, SEPT. 18, 1925
Eight Pages
5c A COPY
Starvation At Sea
Seaman's hog Reveals Rotten Conditions Aboard Government Vessel
(By W. H. DONALDSON, Secretary Federated Seafarers' Union of Canada)
OTARK. naked hunger, thirst, and  ienced  men got  very  dissatisfied   land,   two   men   short,   although
Belgian Labor Plans
Central Strike Fund
adulterated food, was the tot  with the ability of the inexperienc-
endured by the seamen on board
the C. G. M. M. vessel "Canadian
Seigneur" on its last voyage.
The ship sailed from Vancouver
on May 6th last, and had such _
bad reputation among seafarers
that she had to put to sea two men
short in tlie stokehold gang. .The
first port of eall was Barnet, B. C.
where one of the firemen deserted
telling his shipmates he was unable to stand the conditions. An
Inexperienced man was picked up
in his place, and the vessel proceeded to Victoria, where several
members of the crew asked to get
paid off, but were refused. Being
unable to get qualified sailors to
ed, and also with the -food that
was being served. "While on the
voyage from Panama to Norfolk,
Virginia the vessel ran short of
coaff- and the sailors had to go
down and sweep the bunkers ln or-
many good men were on the docks
at Immingham.
While In London the food improved a little. Three of the crew
were paid off, and some more signed on, after which the vessel proceeded to Antwerp, where some of
der to get sufficient fuel td carry those who joined the ship in Lon-
the ship to Norfolk at a slow speed, don deserted because of the a*b-
At Norfolk moist of the firemen ominable conditions imposed upon
and trimmers had to see a doctor, them. Three more men were ship-
owing to the rotten food being ped in place of those that deserted,
served. The doctor ordered one and some frozen meat was ordered,
of the sick men, P. Smith, fresh but left lying in the sun for sever-
fruit and vegetables. He received al .hours. The chief steward left
two apples, one orange, and three the ship at Antwerp, and the sec-
meals of vegetables for one day, ond steward was promoted to the
and then the allowance was ref us- vacancy.
ed.    At this time the cook com- No Inventory was taken of the
sign on, three more inexperienced plained that the  bread was bad,  stores when the chief steward left,
men were secured. At this time the owing to the quality of the flour
food was getting very scanty, and he was compelled to use.   He was
the new, men complained that they tired   of   the   men's   complaints.
were unable to work on the amount Roast  beef was  served  one day,
of food they were getting. what was left was served next day
The   vessel   proceeded   to   San as "hamburger,' and the following
Francisco, where two of those who day the remains was dished up as
Joined the ship In Victoria took Irish stew.
French leave, and two more -were When the ship arrived at Imm-
signed on in place of those, that ingham two of the crew, much to
deserted, after whieh the ship pro- their delight, were paid oft, and
eeeded to the Panama Canal. two more firemen deserted.    The
On the journey there the exper- vessel then left for London, Eng-
and when the ship proceeded to
sea it was found that there was a
shortage of one hundred and eighty pounds of bacon, and an exceedingly short supply of eggs, Jam,
and pickles, the latter item being
completely exhausted on the voyage to Panama.
At the Canal an insufficient supply    of    provisions    were    taken
aboard, and one man left behind
with a burned  foot.    Eight days
(Continued on page  6)
[Naval Force Killed
Workers of Nanking
NEW YORK.—(F P)—Chinese
|,papers arriving in New York give
Ta vastly different account of the
[shooting of strikers at Nanking
from that contained in press dispatches. The Chinese reports tell
I how a naval detachment fired on
11,000 workers collected at the entrance of a factory to demand re-
[lnstatement of discharged workers.
{Fifty were wounded, four later
[dying. A. hundred were arrested.
This atrocity intensified the
Tstrike. Student organizations,
[numbering 20,000 members, drew
tup the following demands: Withdrawal of the British navy; pun-
[ishment of the Englishmen who
(shot the workers; compensation
Mor the dead and wounded; official
[apology by the British minister;
(.guarantee by the British consul at
[Nanking that no auch action will
toccur again. The arrested strikers
(have been released.
Preparing Canadian
Youth For Shambles
•nd in Your Subscription Today.
{Railroaders Consider
Amalgamation Plans
The second International conference, of raliroad workers inter-
lested ln Amalgamation of craft
[unions into a single industrial
j union to cover the transportation
(industry opened in Chleago Sept.
12. "The lessons of the unsuccessful shopmen's strike of 1922
j should not be forgotten," says
■-Secretary O. H. Wangerin. "The
i weakness of the strike   was   the
separtlon of railroad workers into
| craft    organizations    with    seven
walking out and nine remaining at
work. The key to a successful
strike is amalgamation."
TORONTO.—Canada is rapidly
acquiring all the military characteristics of the United States and
pre-war Germany,' This fact was
evidenced here recently when
some 4000 boy scouts marched to
the exhibition grounds and, as
the Toronto Globe says, swung
past the saluting base "in brisk
military fashion."
These children, into whose
youthful mind is being inculcated
the doctrines -of'"murder for a
..daily hire, ragged in ages from
ahout nine years to the late 'teens.
They carried a huge Union Jack
and the scout 'flag, bearing the
motto: "Be Prepared," meaning to
be prepared for the time when
the Mackenzie Kings and the Arthur Meighens blow the tin trumpet and inform them that the
Manufacturers' Association need
markets, or that .the elevator companies want the Chinese to dispense with a rice diet and eat
more Canadian wheat.
This blatant display of militarism being instilled into, the minds
of the children is characterized
by the daily press as being "an
inspiring sight."
HitMtiitiiiHintHti ■mli>.,t..i..-'..**.igM*)m..**..tm
CHINESE SCAB
PRESCRIPTION
NEW YORK—(FP)—"Labor unions-have never been
recognized in China, but we
believe that before this atrike
ls over they will he," says the
seoretary of the Electrical
Workers' Union of Shanghai,
quoted by Paul Blanchard in
the current issue of The Nation. Strikebreakers are taken care of easily, the Shanghai union leader says. ."We
just drop around to their
houses, take them out to
some convenient lot and make
them kneel down in a circle
of Strikers. We don't beat
them at all, but we make
tbem sign a statement something like this: "I am a dirty
low-down traitor to my fellow workers." Then we take
their pictures and this statement, and. hang. them, up
where everybody can see. No
we don't have many strikebreakers."
■ tMtMt..tl.t*.**HM**lir*..,*llt Hill! fJlltHllltnl ■■■■iniin
Fiji Hindus Refused
Education By British
(By Federated Press)
SUVA, Fiji Islands—Hindus in
the Fiji Islands, representing 45
per cent, of the population, protest
against the differential treatment
by the British authorities, despite
the fact that they are British subjects. They are denied proper medical facilities in the hospitals,
though willing to pay the same
rates as white folk. Their children
are victimized in education. No
Hindu, even the child of a university graduate, is allowed to attend
a state school. There are 14,000
Hindu children of school age in
Fiji, yet there exists for them only
a single government-owned primary school, capable of educating
only 60 children.
The total money spent on educating Hindu children is $4,000
per annum. Hindus are taxed $80,-
000 per annum. The Hindus are demanding a -specialized education
department adapted to their agricultural needs. Economically, the
Hindus live in semi-servitude. The
current pay of laborers in the sugar districts is less than SOc per day.
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON—At the recent congress of the Belgian Trade Union
Federation, the question of the Institution of a central strike fund
came, up for discussion.
M. Bondas, introducing the report prepared jointly by himself
and Mertens, declared that in view
of the ever-increasing number of
strikes and. lockouts, the organization of national resistance Was
becoming more and more important.
After an exhaustive discussion,
during which a proposal was made
for the creation of one single big
strike fund, which should comprise all the smaller ones, the
principle of the creation of a national strike fund was adopted, 18
delegates abstaining from voting.
The executive will now have to
set ,to work to draft a scheme for
ratiflaction by next congress.
The executive of the Swiss Federation of Trade Unions has likewise been instructed by its congress to make an inquiry into this
question.   -
The Tobacco Workers' International has also decided to refer to
its international executive for
closer investigation of the question
of the institution of an international strike fund, or the introduction of compulsory suppoS-f^ln
cases where more than 25 per
cent of the members are involved
In a strike or lock-out.
Waiters Complain of
Asiatic Competition
MONTREAL—(FP) — The Asiatic invasion of hotel and restaurant workers, especially in Western
Canada, is still "Wider discussion
after the close of the convention In
Montreal of the Hotel & Restaurant Employes International Alliance.
"In a tour of Canada, made
with the object of finding out why
our organiaztion was not growing,
I found that from Winnipeg to
Vancouver, in the food-catering
establlsments, the great bulk of
the workers are Asiatics," President Edward Flore had told the
delegates. "In the dominion the
Asiatics have a much stronger
foothold than in the United
States."
Other delegates remarked that
Asiatics are largely employed in
the kitchens of the smaller hotels
in eastern Canada.
Mexican Railroaders
Win Strike in Hour
FLYING SQUADRON TO
AID OPEN SHOPPERS
HARTFORD, Conn.— (FP) —
Connecticut state police—part of
the recognized machinery for assisting the open shop movement in
the wooden nutmeg state—will in
the future have-the use of a flying force. Major Talbot O. Freeman says the new state Board of
Control will link the aviation unit
of the National Guard with the
state police for policing purposes.
Highlights on This
Week's News
2500 Coal Miners
Killed Each Year
For live readable news of the
farmer-labor movement, read THE
CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
X    ■   *• .
CANADIAN Page
Starvation   at  Sea ,  1
Preparing Canadian Touth for War.. 1
Britiah    Labor    Speakers    for   Vancouver     2
AMEBICAN
Industrial  Conditions Grave  2
Hunting Season for Reds Opens  3
Propose   World   Postal   Workera'
Union    _  8
BBITISH
Eohoes   of   Great   Surrender  7"
Communists Becomo Labor Issue  7
British   Minority  Movemont  7
FOREIGN
Belgian   Labor   Plans   Huge   Strike
Fund    -  I
Morgan's Navy Feted  »
Exploiting Europe  — •
The cost of coal in human lives,
according to the U. S. bureau of
mines, is over 21,000 miners killed
in US production since 1916, over
34,000 since 1911 and nearly 50,-
000 since 1906. This means an
average of almost 2,500 a year for
20 years.
The bureau's report shows further that the gain ln safety for
the miner between 1906 and 1915
was not continued into the following decade.
How well the capitalist news
agencies can smother news of
working class victories is seen by
the fact that the following item,
telling of a striking incident of the
Mexican labor movement first appears in a report of the U. S. department of labor.    It says:
"Because of unpaid wages, railroad employes of the National
Railway Lines of Mexico in the
city of Chihuahua declared a strike
at three o'clock p.m. August 7,
1925. At four o'clock on the same
afternoon their wages wore paid
and the strike terminated."
Patronize  Our  Advertisers
Help us by mentioning the Advocate. Pag« Two
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOOAtE
Friday, September 18, 1925
LOCAL LABOR NEWS
Hindu Textile Labor        Industrial Conditions —
Demands Wage Increase    Grave, Convention Told
British Labor Speaker
Coming To Vancouver
T/ANCOUVER workers are shortly to have an opportunity to
hear an address by Mr. A. G.
Walkden, fraternal delegate from
the British Trades Congress to
the Trades and Labor Congress
of Canada. This fact was reported at last meeting of the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council,
and the executive were instructed
to make the necessary arrangements.
The organizing committee reported that a*n organization meeting for Lathers would be held in
the Holden Building on the night
of Friday, September 18, and all
building trades workers were requested to use their best efforts
to get local Lathers to attend the
meeting.
The Label Committee reported
that they expected to put on a
social affair each month during
the winter..
The Carpenters reported a num.
ber of new members still joining
their unioiti, and that the new C.
P.R. pier,, being erected by the
Junkins Co., had been put on the
unfair list because of their failure
to pay carpenters the union scale
of wages.
The Moving Picture Operators
reported that the board was
granting permits to theatre owners to operate tlieir own machines. At Cedar Cottage a union
operator had been discharged and
the owRier had taken his place.
It was reported that the Carpenters and Engineers had paid
the 25 cents per member requested by the C.L.P.
The Electrical Workers reported that a number of their members were on strike against the
contractor building Laverock's
Theatre, the men asking for a
wage increase. The Electrical
Workers have put this job on the
unfair list.        ! •
_<.•»<>•"••>•»•..*
ELECTORS ATTENTION
A CONVENTION to nom-
-. inate a labor candidate
to contest the seat ln the New
Westminster Riding will be
held in the Labor Temple,
New Westminster, on Saturday, Sept. 19th, at 8 p. ni.
Tliis constituency includes
the Municipality of Burnaby,
the City of New Westminster
and the municipalities on the
soutli side of the Fraser as
far as White Rock.
Anyone being a member of
nil organization that is affiliated with the Canadian Labor Party Is invited to attend
the meeting.
,w»w>.^.».tw».t..t.HiH.iS.HMi..t.iti.|iltil|ligiltl,>„t,
Election Campaign    -
.Opens Next Sunday
The opening gun of Labor's
campaign in Vancouver will be
tired Sunday, September 20th, at
the Royal Theatre, when all three
of Labor's standard-bearers for
the electoral districts of Greater
Vancouver, W. W. Lefeaux, J.
Sidway and A, Hurry, will outline
Labor's objective. The meeting is
held uinder the auspices of the
Canadian Labor Party, and will
commence at  8  p.m.
Noted Lecturer" and
Writer To Speak Here
Wilfred Wellock, Labor speaker
and writer, will hold the platform
of the Royal Theatre, Vancouver,
on Sunday, October llth.
Mr. Wellock, who is a native of
Lancashire, England, was a prominent leader in the conscientious
objector movement durijig the
late war, and a result was imprisoned by the British authorities for almost two years.
He was a candidate for parliament, on the Labor ticket, at the
last general election in Britain.
Since the war he has spent considerable time in Europe lecturing
at peace demonstrations, etc. Mr.
Wellock is the author of several
books. Puller details, and the
subject of his lecture in Vancouver, will be give-rt at a future
issue of this paper.
Belgian Debt Pact
A New Dawes Plan
BRUSSELS. — The agreement
reached between the Belgian and
American governme*i.ts for funding the former's war debt, amount
to $1.71,000,000, over a period of
sixty-two yearB, without interest,
and the repayment of the postwar debt of $246,000,000, at three
and a half per cent, interest after
the first ten years, is denounced
by the "Drapeaji. Rouge" of Brussels as the introduction of a new
Dawes Plan to ensure the enslavement  of  Belgian  workers.
Already the Belgian finance
minister, M. Jannsen, is issuing
appeals for "harder work" by the
populntion, which Is deemed significant In view of the present
employers' movement for lower
wages and longer hours i*n Belgium,
British and American
Employers May Unite
By ART SHIELDS
Federated Press
NEW YORK—(FP)—A speech
by Jesse H. Metcalf, United States
senator from Rhode Island and
leading woolen manufacturer of
that state before the Pawtucket
Textile Exhibit is being interpreted by textile unionists as an early
warning of the possibility of a
great international federation of
textile employers that will put up
a united front against the workers.
Metcalf urged a series of conferences between the textile employers of America and Great Britain
for the purpose of stabilizing the
industry, as he puts it. Textile
employers have been using the
term stabilization freely in recent
months and mean by that the
standardization of wages and
hours and employment ' and the
limitation of output for the purpose of enhancing prices.
•The woolen senator's propaganda for further international unity
in his industry is all the more
significant, coming as it does on
the heels of the joint action that
employers took this summer on
both sides of the water in their
wage cut notices. The woolen
mills of New England posted notices for wage cuts taking effect
July 27th and August 3rd, or approximately at the same time as
the wage cuts advertised to go into
effect in the Bradford woolen and
worsted district of old England,
July 25th. At that time this common action was denounced by
union men and wmnen as evidence
of an international understanding
between their employers.
This summer's effort to stabilize
wages on lower levels was successful in nearly all the American
mills but was defeated in'England
by a strike of the workers. Should
a genuine alliance be formed between the woolen lords of the two
nations such strike movements in
the future might be faced with the
massed opposition of both sets of
employers.
(By Len De Caux, Federated Press)
LONDON—A general lockout of
Hindu cotton workers began Sept.
1, according to a Bombay correspondent of the London Sunday
Worker. With only the barest organization, without funds and subjeot to the provocative acts and
violent repression of the police, the
cotton workers are in a desperate
plight, but the decision of the employers to reduce wages 11*5-2 per
cent, meant slow starvation.
Second in 18 Months
This is the second lockout in 18
months. The last took place in
February 1924, when the mill owners forced drastic wage reductions.
Although an expert appointed by
the British government has declared that the minimum wage for a
Hindu worker family is 54 rupees
($27)-a mon1_h, the Indian cotton
workers are receiving half that
sum. Their wages work out at
about 30c per working day.
Unions Are Illegal
Trade unions are illegal in British India, but company unions in
which the employers have a controlling voice are allowed. Officials
of one of these "union" are spending huge sums to persuade the
workers to accept the reduction.
Workers fear a repetition of provocative acts by the police that led
to the .slaughter of many strikers
in the last lockout. Police agents
jwould mix in demonstrations and
start throwing stones at the scabs.
The scabs would throw back, and
then conveniently placed troops
would open fire on the strikers.
That these "disturbances" are systematically organized was illustrated in the Bombay Law Courts during a case arising out of the last
dispute. It was shown then that
the report of a riot was actually
being printed half an hour before
the riot took place.
The Vicious Circle
"Competition from Lancashire"
is given by the owners as their
reason for demanding a reduction,
and meanwhile the employer's demand for a cut in wages in England in the cotton mills of Lancashire is based on "competition
from the east."
(By Federated Press.)
CHAMPAIGN, 111. —"The coal
mines of Illinois have been through
the worst year they have ever experienced..,.^Ctory workers have
had a tough year also," President
John H. Walker told the more-
than 600 delegates to the 43rd annual convention of the Illinois
State Federation of Labor, which
opened to Champaign September
14. "I cannot share the published
expressions of optimism about the
industrial outlook when thousands
of workers in a wide range of industry and occupations are out of
employment and have been for a
year."
Walker reported that there was
no complaint from trade unionists
on the ground of competition with
Illinois convict-made goods, but
that the importation from other
states of prison-made products
made it advisable to support the
American Federation of Labor to
prohibit interstate shipment of
such articles.
He also brought up very frankly the question of negro exclusion
from the ranks of organized labor, relating the immense pressure that had to be brought on
negro legislators, with only Partial success, to get their votes for
"trade U)pion measures. Without
two negro votes finally cast for
the limitation of Injunctions bill
it would not have passed, and yet
three negro legislators held out
against the labor lobby. Walker
was told by them that they believed the trade union movement
is the enemy ot, colored workers.
"They said," Walker reports, "that
colored men were not permitted
to become' members of a great
many organizations in Chicago,
apd that in some instances, even
when they become members, they
are not permitted to get jobs and
work alongside of white men." He
recommends that the convention
act to eliminate "discrimination
against' anyone in our movement
in Illinois because of color, creed,
nationality, political faith, etc."
CLASSIFIED ADS.
BARRISTERS
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 Metro-
politan Bldg.       '
BATHS ,
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Paolfle^
Bldg., 744 HapUngs St. W.
BICYCLES
HASKINS   &   ELLIOTT,   800   Pender
Street W. The best makes of bicycles
on easy terma.	
BOOTS AND SHOES
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main St.
BOOTS  (LOGGING)
H. Harvey, 68 Cordova St. W.
O-VFB
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastlnga St. B.
Bosses' Siren Drowns
Out Praying Pickets
HENRYETTA, Okla. — (FP)—
When the Oklahoma criminal court
of appeals sustained the right of
striking coal miners to pray for
the salvation of strikebreakers and
coal operators, the owners of the
mines continued their offensive
against practical religion by blowing the mine whistle whepever a
prayer meeting began operations.
As the strikebreakers left the pit
the prayers and the whistling of
the siren competed for their attention. Prayer meetings are also held
at a grade crossing where, according to state law, motorists must
come to a* full stop. Scabs in autos that do not stop have their
cars reported by license number
to the authorities. The strike
aganst the 1917 scale is spreading
to other camps in Dist. 21, United
Mine Workers.
NEW YORK—(FP)—Members
of the Big Four railroad brotherhoods will speak at a meeting of
Pullman porters which is being arranged to help the Negrt) workers
organize a real union to replace
the company "union to which theoretically they, now belong. A.
Philip Randolph, editor The Messenger, is arrihglng the mass meeting.
Emergencies
\Y7HEN a crisis comes and
someone at a distance
must be reached quickly,
the long-distance telephone
will  prove its worth.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany
What ls the use of preaching
social equality to the indigent and
miserable? How can men combine
and organize when their one
thought is for their dally bread,
and that, secure only for a day?—
Thorold Rogers.
FREE
5-Tube Radio Set
FREE
Fc:vl solf-n-Mrcssed, stamped
onvelppe — for full piirtlcu-
liiiH  regarding (hi<i OFFEBi
RADIOTEX CO.
2t>8   Broadway,   New   York,
N.Y.
Thoroughly organical co-operation in tile creation of wealth with
the very best scientific appliances
available cannot fail to relieve
humanity from all but light and
pleasurable work in all departments of industry.—H. M. Hyndman.
Fresh Out Flowers,  Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS*AND NURSERYMEN
8—STORES—3
48 Haitian  St.  East,   Say.  918-672     665 OranviUe Street   Sey. 9518-1801
151  Hastings  Street West Sey.  1870
"SAY II WITH FLOWERS"
CHIROPODIST
WHY  SUFFER WITH SORE  FEET!'
Hannah Lund, 924 Eire. 31dg., gives;
instant relief;  evening! by appointment.
Sey.  1213,  .        	
CHIROPRACTOR
DR.    D.    A.    MoMILLAN,    PALMER
Graduate.     Open   daily   and   even-'
ings,    Dawson  Blk.,   cor,  Hastings  and'
Main.    Phone Sey. 6954. ■
NAMAIHO-WELUNOION
COAL
LESLIE   OOAL  OO'T  Ltd.
Phone Sey. 7137
- DENTIST
Dr.  W. J.  Curry,   801   Dominion ■
Bldg. \	
DPUGS
Red Star Drug Store,  Cor.  Cor-
dova and Carrall.     	
GLASS
GLAZING,  SILVERING, BEVELLING
WESTERN GLASS CO. LTD., 168
Cordova St. W„ few doors west ot
Woodward's. Sey, 6687. Wholesale and
retail window  glass.
HOSPITAL
BETTER BE SAFE THAN SORRY—
Grandview Hospital—Medical, surgical, maternity. 1090 Viotoria Drive.
High.  117.	
LADIES WEAR
Famous   Cloak   &   Suit   Co.,    619
Hastings West.
Hudsons Bay Coy.,  Granville St.
MEN'S FURNISHINGS
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cordova _
Street.
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main St.
MEN'S SUITS J
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and Hastings Streets.
W.  B.   Brummitt,   18-20  Cordova j
Street. 	
MUSIO
■\7IOHNS  ADJUSTED,   VOICED,   RE-
V   pairod,  by expert.    Will Edmunds,!
965 Robson  St.    Sey.  2094.
OPTICIAN
Pitman Optical House,  616 Hastings West.
PAINTS ETC.
Gregory. &   Reid,    117   Hastings ]
Street East,	
RANGES  AND  STOVES
Canada Pride Range Co., 846 Hastings Street East.
TOBACCOS
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 CarrallJ
Street.
TRUSSES
C. E. Heard, 959 Robson Street.
OITY   OF   VANOOUVER
Waterworki Department
NOTICE TO BIDDEBS
SEPARATE TENDERS will be received]
O by the undersigned up to Tuesday,}
September 22nd, 1925, at 2 o'olook p. j
in., for the supply of the following n
terialB:
A. (1)   Approximately   5200   lineal I
feet flexible joint  cast iron pipe, I
(2)   Approximately   8800   lineal   feet]
plain spigot  and  faucet cast iron pipe.
B. 6—36-inch  Gate Valves.
1—32-Inch  Gate Valvo
6—24-Inch Gate Valves.
9—18-inch   Gate  Valves.
5—18-inch Check Valves.
Flans,  specifications and form of ten- ]
ders may be obtained at the City Engineer's Office, Oity Hall, on payment of '
Ten Dollars ($10.00), which will be re- '
funded   on   return   of   plans,   specifications, etc., in good condition,
A depoelt by marked cheque, payable
to the City Treasurer, of an amount
equal to five per cent. (5%) of the
total amount of the bids submitted must
accompany each  tender,
The lowest or  any  tender not necei- '
sari]-,- accepted.
JAMES  STUART,
Olty Purchasing Agent.
City Hall, Vancouver,  B.C.,
August   19th,   1925.
Say you saw It advertised in the
"Advocate".
,     ■■■-■ ■ ,'friday, September 18, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Page Three
- - POLITICS ,-
Hunting Season For Morgan's Navy Feted
Reds Open iii East       While Jobless Starve
--INDUSTRY--
Labor Editors Demand    Ask World-Wide Union
No Truck With Facism       Of Postal Employees
(By Federated Press)
WASHINGTON — Offices of
labor and political officials in
Washington are being* favored
with printed copies of an address
on the growing redness of the red
menace in these United States, hy
Ralph Easley, delivered before the
I department on subversive movements, National Civic Federation,
' in New York on July 18. He de-
. mands prompt and sharp action
t.by congress for punishment of
, persons who utter or publish
ideas favorable to a forcible
S change in our form of government.
"The cabled news from all parts
of the globe," he zestfully starts
off, ''might lead one almost to
conclude that Moscow is beginning
to make good its threat to produce
world revolution.- China, India,
Persia, the Balkans—yes, even
England, France^ Fascist Italy,
Japan i^nd Morrocco all show the
fiendish work of the Red hand of
Communism." He adds Mexico
for good measure.
After a long discussion of the
disputes within unions, in which
the Communists are charged with
being disturbers, Easley bids for
membership in the Roosevelt club
with this gem:
"While it is not possible for the
Communists to capture any industrial center In our country, it is
a fact that, in 1919, through their
manifestoes and street - corner
speaking, they seized the government pf Winnipeg, Manitoba, a
city of about 200,000 population,
and held it for 20 weeks. They
cut off the water supply everywhere except from the hospitals
and no purchase could be made
nor could a trolley car be run
without a permit from the strike
committee,"
SYDNEY, Australia-(FP)—The
American sailors froth Uncle Sajm's
fleet have been putting in great
licks in Australia which is wet.
Hotels of the popular grade have
been raking in bushels of cash
from the gobs. There have been
numerous clashes between American and Australian enlisted naval
men and plenty of street lights.
Generally speaking the workers
boycotted the official celebration,
while fraternizing with the sailors
as fellow workers. The Labor
governments showed the usual
streaks of "patriotism" by groveling to the admirals and appropriating huge sums fpr welcome banquets while the cities fester with
the unemployed.
[Shoe Workers Strike
20 Times in 3 Weeks
LYNN, Mass., Sept. 11.—Two
hundred employes of . the Washington Shoe Co. walking out made
the twentieth shoe strike in three
weeks. The strike was called by
the Boot and Shoe Workers'
Union to enforce the wage standards Of the agreement with the
state board of arbitration and
conciliation. All the previous 19
strikes are reported to have been
won in 48 hours or less. *
Negroes Read Letters
"White" Papers Reject
WASHINGTON—(FP)—One of
the most interesting litlerary 6r
sociological groups in the national
capital is one that never is mentioned in the five daily newspapers
of the white city. One must specify the white city, because Washington has a Negro population of
150,000 that is never counted when
cultural things are mentioned offhand. The five daily newspapers
are white newspapers—of, by and
for. And that's why this peculiar
club exists.
It is known as the Correspondence Club. Its. membership includes a few scores of the.best-
educated and most race-conscious
of the Negroes in the city. It meets
once a week during the fall and
winter, and its members read
aloud the letters they have written to the editors of these five
white daily papers, for publication.
They read them aloud because, the
white editors do not permit the
pure white columns'of their pages
devoted to disasters, traffic rules,
sport, scandal, markets,) religion
(strictly white) and politics. The
letters deal with racial grievances.
CHINA
The Kuo-Mtn-Tang, mentioned
so freely ln the cable news at the
present time, Is the Chinese People's Republican Party. Their programme is: A free Chinese Republic, independent of the foreign
Imperialists; distribution of the
land amongst the peasantry, with
state aid to agriculture; nationalisation of industry and encouragement of trade unionism among the
workers; free education for all.'
This party controls Canton, the
big southern port, and is winning
over the workers, peasants and
revolutionary middle class of China
very rapidly to Its banner. ,The
Kuo-Min-Tang is cordially hated
by British merchants and diplomats and the press. By the same
token it is the ally of British labor.
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON.—Directly challenging the efforts of Mussolini,
through his agents ip this country, to organize fascist groups in
American industrial communities,
two spokesmen of the American
labor movement declared before a
Washington audience that the
workers here can have no truce
with the Italian dictator.
Edward Keating, editor of the
railroad men's paper, Labor, and
James P. Egan, editor of the American Federation of Labor weekly news service, said that Americans are rightly interested in
conditions in foregn lands, and
quoted the anti-fascist resolution
adopted by the A. F. of L. in its
1923 convention in Portland.
RUSSIA
In the Moscow province there
are 436 trade union clubs and 461
union sports circles, the latter
with    a    membership    of    35,258.
Strikers Plan Union
Owned Barber Shops
NEW YORK—(FP)—Union bar-
_,    . ber shops will be run by the Journ-
During last year the conditions of eymen Barbers> unlon* ,oca, m Qf
the. Moscow workers improved all upper Manhattan> New Tork cit
?l0?f,.th6 ',  f    Betwe,e" oJoa"uary If employers do not concede strik-
1, 1924, and January 1, 1925, the Ing workers, demands.  acordi     t
number of trade unionists in the
city of Moscow increased from
910,098 ta 931,105. In January,
1925, average wages were 32.77
pre-war roubles, compared with
27.1 in 1913.
Carpenters To Gather
With Buildtog Crafts
Patronize Our Advertisers.
Stay at the
HOTEL STRATFORD
Tlie Plaoe Called Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
KEEFER STREET
Phone Sey. 6131
P. GIOVANDO, JOHN THA
200   Elegantly  Furnished
Rooms.
60 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate  Prices
FIRST-CLASS SERVICE
(By Federated Press)
WASHINGTON — Among the
building trade unions which will be
officially represented at tlie conference in Washington Sept. 22
called by the national board of
jurisdictional awards" will be the
carpenters, who for some years
have not been affiliated with the
building trades department of the
American Federation of Labor and
have not accepted the awards made
by this board.
While the most conspicuous dispute engaged in by the carpenters
regarding Jurisdiction is with the
sheet metal workers, they have
trouble also with the lathers and
other building trades. The conference has been summoned to start
settling these differences.
, It is likely that" the jurisdictional
war between the bricklayers and
plasterers will be taken up at the
same session.
Anthony Merlino, general vice-president of tho barbers' international union, who is in charge of the
strike. Merlino" says that union
barbers are willing to shave inmates of public institutions free
during the strike.
HRlTAIN Several   thousand   barber   shop
British .employers argue for workers striking with-the barebers
longer hours and lower wages to in the 59th to 125th street district
give good employment. But in have formed the Shoe Makers, Hat
spite of unemployment and part- Cleaners and Boot Blacks Union
time, returns from 1411 industrial and are demanding a 12-hour day
companies for 1924 show a net in- from 8 a. m. to 8 p. m., one day
crease of $40,000,000 in profits, or off a week, half day Sundays end
6.6 per cent over 1923. This means holidays. Bootblacks now averag-
total rofits of more than $400,000,- ing $16 to $18 a week demand a
000. The ration of profits to cap- minimum of $22 and fancy boot-
ital in 1924 was 10.3 per cent com- blacks, who handle patent leather,
paired with 9.8 per cent in 1923 buckskin and suede shoes, are
and 7 per cent in 1922. ; demanding $26.   Hat cleaners and
a repairers are also demanding increases.
A German ku klux klan, under
the alleged leadership of three
Americans, have been uncovered
by the German criminal police
The German ku klux klan, ac*
cording to the police, has beei
operating under the name, Knightt
of the Fiery Cross.
(By Federated Press)
DETROIT—Worldwide organization of postal workers to correspond to the worldwide Universal Postal Union of employers
(the national post office departments of the various governments)
was proposed to the convention in
Detroit of the National Association
of Letter Carriers by J. W. Bowen, general secretary, British
Postal Workers union.
The convention reiterated its
faith in combined organized labor
activity by overwhelming a motion
to sever affiliations with the American Federation of Labor. The
motion was introduced by Branch
66, Wheeling, W. Va., and supported only by the two votes allotted the Wheeling delegation.
"We must depend for the bettering of our conditions on congress, which is largely made up of
business and professional men
with a prejudice against trade
unionism," Arthur H. Stricklln,
Wheeling spokesman, said. "On
the contrary, the A. F. of L. has
lent valuable assistance in our
campaign before congress," said
the opposition.
Evidence was presented that
the speed-up system is responsible for the greater sickness rate
that exists among the postal workers compared with employees in
industry.
The Letter Carriers reported
32,500 members to the. A. F. of L.
in 1924, a constant figure since
1920.
South American Labor
Mission Is Postponed
WASHINGTON— (FP) —No attempt will be made to send a, mis-
Members, the sion to Latlrf American countries
police alleged, have been recruited to arouse interest in trade unlon-
chiefly from the ranks of the Hii- ism, but Instead there will be an
terites and monarchist and nation-  effort through letters   and    other
alist groups.
appeals to induce labor unions in
Latin America to contribute their
share of the funds for such an
This    decision   was
NICARAGUA
Three workers were kllledl and undertaking,
two wounded in a clash with gov- reached   at   the   meetings   of  the
ernment forces at El Gallo, on the executive  committee  of the  Pan-
Ria Grande,  district headquarters American Federation of Labor In
of the Cuyamel Fruit company.
The workers had seized the property and held it two weeks, pre-
Washington. Wage scales in Latin
oountries are very low, but the
Mexicans agree  that-   even    with
venting the  exportation  of bana- their small    Incomes    the    Latin
nas. labor organlaztlons  must contriti-
  ute  more  than  thev now pay,  If
PORTO RICO they are to establish a democratic
Porto    Rican     trade   unionists international of labor in the west-
have presented a protest   against ern hemisphere,
their starvation wage, to General
Mclntyre, chief of the bureau  of J^Qty WflgeS  Nullifies
Insular affairs at Washington, who _,    ,    ,    . _     .   .
has spent a week In the island. leCnniCal 1 raining
Union Sets Ruling
Wage, Court Decides
(By Art Shields, Federated Press)'
NEW YORK—UiiiOn labor won
a victory over the • city administration that is expected to bring increased pay to hundreds of mechanics when the municipal court
ordered the department or plants
and structures to give $476.75 back
pay to Peter Peterson, a painter,
the difference between the $9.HO
per day he had been getting and
the $10 and $10.50 that union
painters received during the samo.
period. Peterson's case was a test
case that will affect 200 other city
painters and hundreds of other
mechanics whom the city has been
paying less than the union rate.
The law unequivocally provides
for wages at the prevailing rate,
and the evidence showed that the
prevailing i-ate was from $10 -tn
$10.60 during the time involved.
The prevailing rate Is the union
rate, the court ruled In the trade
ln New York City. Many ma .tor
painters testified as to the $10 nnd
$10.50 scales and when the corporation counsel argued that some
firms were paying only $9.50 the
court ruled that since only a minority of firms had this lower and
openshop rate it could not be defended as the prevailing rate.
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346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
.    MEXICO
Federal troops killed six agrarians who attempted to take over
Tuzamapa ranch in the state of
Vera Cruz.
OAKFIELD, N. Y.—(FP)—
Twenty-two workers in United
States Gypsum Co. mines, are under arrest with others, charged
with being smuggled aliens. Most
of the workers are Italians and
Poles, and are said by immigration inspectors to have entered the
United States illegally from Canada. -
BOSTON—(FP)—That the technically trained engineer is having
his wage level beaten down towards that of the rest of the workers ls Illustrated in the case of
Francis R. Atkinson, civil engineer,
who resigns a responsible post as
chief of a $200,000 road construction Job for the state, to go to work
as a lahortr at 65 Wmts an hour,
an. occupation that he says will
fetch a larger annual income than
the $1800 he was receiving from
the state.
A  fighting labor press crtn't be
built   by'wishing.     Rend   ln   your
sub today.
-•••••<«.*•>*•••<.'>..•>-#>•»••..>>•>>•••••>••*••■..»•>■•.>••'*'••-'
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p»jETROIT—Arbitration proceedings here hnve disclosed the fnct Hint the municipal street rnilwny system
employs n corps of spies to
keep an eye on employees'.
and then n seennd army of
inspectors is employed to
•ivntch- the movement of the
spies. This' choico assortment
of parasites nre nil paid hy
users of the si reet car system.
y»..«-*"»..t..«-l*.«..ff..t"|..S**fl-t"«<*«'*f**t*.*..»**f"«"b
*    *
'■   -
I ****■«■
Page Four
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, September 18, 1925
OPEN FORUM
fedtiorud HP-a^
QUESTION BOX
Address All  Letters  a,nd
Remittances to the Editor
Otye Hamhxwx labor Aotroraf?
113* Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C.
11 A TEAR
$1 SIX MONTHS
:: Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
WHEN THIEVES fall out honest
' men, it is snld, eome into their
own. Certain it is that when quarrels develop over who shall receive the lion's share of the wealth
produced by Labor, the workers
frequently hear certain facts they
might not otherwise learn. The
Vancouver Sun hns recently been
attacking the Pacific Mills Ltd. because that Corporation has been
reaping an annpil average profit
of $2,114,-154 for the past six years.
This excites the jealousy of the
Sun editor, causing him to cry out
that "the people" are being gouged.
The profit reaped by the Pacific
Mills lAA. is not* plunder stolen
from the people, as the Sun would
have us believe, but the fruits of
unpaid labor sweated from tlie unorganized workers in the factory
and logging camps of that company. If Ute men who toll their
lives away producing this wealth
were to receive the full value of
what they produced there would
be no profits for tlie company, and
no plunder lo excite the envy of
Mr. Cromie. His paper was as silent as the grave when the Pacific
Mills attempted to compel the men
in 'their camps to toil ten hours per
day.
»    *    *
ry__ AMERICAN empire is an
A exceedingly fragile vase. Although it has the staunch backing
of a hundred and ten million people, including Wm. Burns and President Coolidge, lt ls so delicate
that one lone Hindu, if he was admitted Into the country, would
wreck the entire fabric, hence we
find the American government refusing to admit S. Saklatvala into
the country. If one lone native of
India can do so much harm what
would take place lf five hundred
of them gained admittance?
* • *
•pAPITALISM is no respecter of
persons. It has been discovered that of the technical engineers
employed by the City of New York,
ten per oent. receive a smaller
wage than ditch diggers, while
twelve per cent, earn as much as
foremen on street laboring gangs,
and the overwhelming majority receive less than the average mechanic. This is making the - smnll
business men (whose sons frequently enter such professions) cry
out thnt these men must) be pnid
a living wage. However, there Is
one barrier they must overcome
before this can bo done. They
must forget their snob ideas. The
mechanic joins a union and makes
no bones about it. When the loeh-
iik-lnn learns to do the same perhaps he may get a raise In wages,
• hat is providing lie is, willing to
put up a fight for it.
THB LIBERAL PARTY ls about
to lose a number of its supporters. Press reports indicate
that John Oliver is figuring to
take the stump on behalf of his
party.
'Mid the greatest accumulations
of wealth, men die of starvation
' and punV Infants suckle dry breasts
while everywhere the greed of
gain, the worship of wealth, shows
the force of the fear of want. . .
flo long as all the increased wealth
which modern progress brings* goes
*■ but to build up great fortunes, to
increased luxury, to make sharper
the contrast between the. House
of Have and the House of Want,
progress ls not real and cannot be
permanent.—Henry George.
CIR HENRY THORNTON, the gentleman who receives $100,-
000 a year from the Dominion government for safeguarding the interests of C.N.R. and C.G.M.M. bondholders, is
frequently complimented on his great ability. He is. spoken
of as one of Canada's greatest men, and we are told that we
are fortunate indeed to have secured his services to run "our"
railway. This fulsome praise comes from many quarters, all
of which are either ignorant of the true facts of the case or
else expect profit from their flattery. It has yet to be demonstrated that this boxcar knight possesses the ability to run
a wheelbarrow. Why praise should be bestowed upon him
by members of the labor movement is difficult to understand.
One searches in vain for anything he has ever done that redounded to the welfare of those who toil, but his record is
replete with instances where he h-as trampled under foot the
elementary requests of those unfortunate enough to come
under his dominance. His acts prove him to be neither better
nor worse than other industrial -captains who profit from the
sweat and agony of the working class.
• #•*•■*.
■THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT MERCHANT MARINE
' is under Thornton's control, and the story related on the
front page of this paper, taken from the diary kept by a
member of the Canadian Seigneur's crew, reveals Sir Henry
in his true colors. The tale unfolded by this sailor savors of
the seventeenth century and the callous brutality attributed
to that period. Sailing from a port that exports foodstuffs,
the ship pul^ to sea short of provisions, and what was supplied
proved to be of an inferior quality. Living conditions were
so horrible that thirty-six men left the ship on a voyage lasting five months. While in the tropical Canal zone, the crew
were deprived of sufficient water to quench their thirst, this
because Sir Henry's officer in command refused to buy a sufficient amount. He was enabling Thornton to acquire a reputation as an "able executive," i.e., one who produces profits.
A sick sailor, ordered by the doctor to get fresh fruit and
vegetables, received two apples and an orange, and this happened on a ship owned by the Canadian government, and
under the direction of the much-lauded Sir Henry Thornton.
• •      •      #      •
FREQUENT PROTESTS have been made by sailors against
these abominable conditions. It has been brought to the
attention of the management of the C.G.M.M. time and again,
but not only has Sir Henry failed to take any action favorable to the men, but he has permitted the blacklisting of those
sailors who had the courage to complain. This eminent gentleman, who tours Canada in a'private car, with all the small-
minded vindictivehess of a newly-promoted straw boss, prevents the elected -representative of the sailors from going
aboard government vessels to speak to the cmw. Such is life
on government-owned ships, under the reign of Mackenzie
King. Such is the record of Sir Henry Thornton, pawn of
Canadian National Railways and Canadian Government Merchant Marine bondholders. But in spite of this record, black
with atrocities inflicted upon the men who -man the ships,
this individual is held up to public gaze as a paragon of
virtue. The men who starve and slave in the hell-ships, of
the C.G.M.M. knoAv Sir Henry as he really is
• *      #      #      •
■pOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP, so far as the C.G.M.M. is
" concerned, has proven to be no better, from the worker's
point of view, than private ownership, and for that there is
a reason—a class reason. The Canadian government is the
nominal owner of these ships, the actual owners are the bondholders, who must be paid interest on the money they have
invested. Control lies in the hands of a capitalistic government. To them profit is the paramount issue, and all questions of human welfare must be relegated to second place.
Government ownership with, a capitalist government in control is a vastly different thing from social ownership with:
control in the hands of the working class. The former is
conducted purely- for profit, the latter for the purpose of
supplying society's needs; : The former is master class* ownership, the latter working class owneeship. It is well that -this
fundai|ental ijistiiictidii should be thoroughly understood, because bf the frequent confusion of the two issues. Government'ownership in the* hands of capitalist politicians means
slavery,, public ownership with workers "control means freedom.
in Nicaragua U.S. "Red" Banished
From Wife and Home-j
(By Laurence Todd, Federated
Press)
WASINGTON—No love for the
liberal regime of President Salor-
zano has. prompted the state department ln sending the gunboat*
Denver, and Tulsa, with 800 sailors
and 160 marines each, to restore
order in Nicaragua. Salorzano,
faced by sudden armed revolt by
the old Chamorrista party, appealed to the American minister for
help, and orders were quickly sent
to Balboa that the two shiploads
of armed men should sail at once
for Bluefields and Corlnto. But
Washington's motive is simply one
of protecting American bankers'
loans, and the regular payment of
intereat on these, loans.
Latin-American poUtlcal intrigue is complex enough, and the
intrigue of Wall Street, through
Washington, in the affairs of Latin republics Is a web of treacheries and reverses—-all looking toward one end, which ie the disciplining of these Latin Americans
to work hard and patiently for the
bankers, and to take orders from
Washington. Salorzano, while a
mild liberal, was willing to pay the
interest on all the American loans,
and to arrange for new loans at
generous rates of interest. When
the Chamorro family representing
the big land owners who formerly
acted as a government for Wall
Street, kidnapped the Salorzano
cabinet and upset the whole country without any. prior understanding with Washington, it was time
for firm disciplinary steps.
Possibly the mere show of force
will be sufficient, this time, to persuade the Chamorristas that the
bankers cannot stand for the economic waste involved ln a new civil
war. Two or three years of fighting would probably lead to a victory for Salorzano in any case, and
the bankers would have to wait
a while for their interest.
On the other hand, there are in
Washington a number of experts
on Central American affairs who
point out that the Chamorro uprising has come promptly and most
fortunately on the heels of the
withdrawal of the American marines from Nicaragua, where they
have been stationed since they
were* sent in to. overthrow the Ma-
drlz government in 1910, and1 to defeat the Meiia government in 1912.
If- it Were the purpose of th£
Washington authorities to show
that American marines are necessary to preserve peace in Nicaragua, then it could not have done
better than to have first withdrawn
the marines and then discovered
the inefficiency of the new Necar-
aguan constabulary, which is officered by Americans selected, by
the state department.
WASHINGTON—(F E)-^-Johnl
Shecdei, former secretary of the!
Socialist party local at Ft. Wayne,]
Ind., and later deported, aa a Com-J
munist because his local had voted
to affiliate with the. Communist!
party in 1919, cannot remain inj
this country to support his sic
wife and four children, all Amer-1-]
lean born. The husband and fath-]
er was sent to Germany in* 1920.1
That is the ruling made by Asst.]
Secy. Husband of the department!
of labor, in charge, of deportation]
work, on. the appeal, made, to html
by the American Civil Liberties!
Union and the Workers' Defense]
Council. Shecdei returned three|
times from Germany before hd
finally got Into this country) laatj
October, and rejoined his family.!
he was at once arrested and held]
for the orime of returning after
banishment.
We produce wonderfully; we dls-1
tribute" abominally.—Victor Hugo/
UNION DIRECTORY
Coal Tar Liquorice;
Starch Paste Candy
MELBOURNE, Australia—(FP)
—Giving evidence before* the Federal government commission on
public health, an analyst .named A.
Brooke, told* how confectionery sold
to the workers was adulterated by
the use o£ substitutes.•"
:. A certain compound; termed and
sold as liquorice, was not really
liquorice at all, but a confection
containing coal-tar anti black dye.
Numerous sweets retailed under
the name of gums'and Jubejubes
were misnamed as instead of containing the proper Jubejubes ingredients they were manufactured
from sweetened starch, paste or
glucose. Many labels on the sweets
were    distinctly,   deceptive.
ALLIED PRINTINO TRADES: OOUNCIlJ
—Meett leeond Monday In the month*
Preildent; 3. R. White; iecretary, R. Hi
Neelanda,   P. O, Bon 86.	
FEDERATED    LABOR    PARTY-
111, 119 Pender St. Weit..   Boilne
meetinga  lit ind Srd Wedneidiy evenj
infi.    R. H. Neelanda, Chairman; 1. IT
Morriion,   Sec-True.;   Anual   Mielnnli
8541 Prlnee Edward Street, ViBeo»vi_|
B.C., Conreipondh»g Secretary,
Any dlntrlet In Brltleh Oo.nmMi del
ilring Information re leenrlnf ipeiterii
or the formation of loeal branchei. klndl
ly eommnnleete with*.Provincial, fleerrl
tary. J. Lyle Telford. 524 Blrku BldtJ
Vnneoover; B.C: T"'ephone Seymoaj
18«8> or Bayviaw 8690.
BAKERY   SALESMEN,    LOCAL   871-
Meetr.  leeond  Thnriday  every  monij
In Holden Building. Preildent, J. Brkhtl
well;   flnanelal   seeretary,   H.   A   Bow|
ron; 781 llth; Avo, gait.    -
CIVIC  EMPLOYEES'   UNION.   LOOAl!
28—MeetB flnt and third F*-ldaye l|
the  month  at   145  Haatlnm  W.,  at
p.m.     President,   R.   K.   Brown.   2521
Charlei   St.;   »eer«*tarytr»anirer,   Gi-orijf
Hmrlaon,  1189 Parker St.
ENGINEERS—TWB   TNTFRI-MTTOVt*
UNION OF STEAM AND OPFRATTNfl
—Loeal 88J—Meete everv Wedneedaj
at 8 p.m.. Room 108. Holden Bnl'dlne
Preildent, CUiarlei Priee: hnilneei ig*n|
and flnanelal lecretiry, F. L. Hnnt; rej
cording secretary. J. T. Tenn.
MUSICIANS'    MUTUAL   PROT»C
UNION, L*-eel 145. A. F. of M.-
Meeta in G.W.V.A. Hall, Seymonr and
Pendor Streetl, icei-nd Snnday at Id
ajn. Preildent, E. O. Miller, 991 Nell
■on itreet; iecretary. E. A. Jamlmon
991 Nelion itreet; flnanelal leeretanj
W. E. Wllllarae, 991 Nelion itreet; ol
paniier, F.  Fletcher.  991 Ne'ton  itreej
THE   FEDERATED   8EAFARERSI
UNION    Off    CANADA—Headoaarf
at Roomi 5,  8 and T,  Flaek BnlMlnl
188 Haitlnf• Street W., Tane-nver. B.CI
Tel. Sey. 8891. Preildent, Robert Thoml
Vioo-Prealdrat.   Dart*  OlllnpU;   Sea'**
Treamnr, Wm. H. Donaldian.   Tletorf
Branch, Rood. 11, Oraen Blask, Bri
Btreet, Vietoria, B.O.   Phona 1908.
TTPOGRAPHIOAL  UNION,   No,   119-
Preildent, R. P. Pettlplece;  viee-proJ
Ident;   O,  P.   Campbell;   ieeretary-troe|
orer,   R.   H.   Neelanda,   P.O.   Bas   M
Meeti laat Sanday of each montk at
p.m. In Holden Bnlldlni, 11 Hatting! '
PRINCE   RUPERT   TYPOGRAPHIC*
UNION.   No.   418—Preildent,   fl.   "
Maedonald;   ieeretiry*tnainrer,   J;
Campbell,   P.O.   Box   Ml.    Marti   1*
Thnrnday of each month.
»-i
THI CANADIAN
Saber Aftporati
WMA- WliW tM XM-VVy-M-MMt
THI   BKTMK  COLUMBIA
 TIOHIW
PUBLISHED, EVERY fRIDAT*
ly the Labor PaMlihtu 0*
.   " . . .1...       1- ...      ■•»■—*-■—-■^**S*,
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* • *:.—*—.." t "■"■'■ii.' wm .*._, jw_""
Tha* Canadian Labor Advocate* ia a noa|
factional weekly newipaper, giving »*
of. the farmer, frbar movement ht aof'
Shbierlptlon Jtatea:  Uaitad  SMae
foreign,  99*80 per yaar;  Oaaada,   _
aabaaribjag la a ttstr. Us par ae«_|
bar per moath.
Member Tha Fettiitet Preee aal
Brltlih Labor Praaa •~
Uaj, September 18,1925
THS CANADIAN LABOB ADVOOATB
Page Five
WOMAN'S  DEPARTMENT   -
Woman and Peace
By ROSE HENDERSON
■ICU the armistice, seven.years
ago,, committees, innumerable
\re been set to formulate plans
peace, but Btlll there is no
ice. The nations of the world
Jitinue to arm to. the teeth, and
fwould seem that a better name
these "Peace Conferences"
Wild- be "Conferences to Ensure
I*,"    :.
There* ls one very remarkable
about these conferences, one
•K of humanity—women—have
no say as to peace or future
I.
Fhe world is convulsed by  the
(rony and tears of   women   and
Itildren.    Their cries and moans
shaking the thrones of kings.
heir tears, and the blood of their
have washed away the found-
tis of clvlliaztion as we used to
now it seven   years   ago.   Tear
ained, blood dripping, a charred
od blackened Mars, a civilization
fnfltted to survive by weight  of
injustice and corruption is now
|hirllng to its doom, and out of
ashes Is arising a new idealism
Iii* power which will lay the first
pild foundation for peace and in-
brnatlonal good will.
' ResDonslbiHtv for the peace that
. to be must not be bome bv men
>*. no matter how .wllllne or
great  thev mav be.    There
■in he no neare until t*e oneness
' rmn»R-->l*Lv in trsrovnlr.e—
j Ten million men, the Rons of ten
fHllon mother*, art*,, burled in Eu-
wne*.    Oflioi* TVil'Hon*1! p«a maimed
1  hr«t»H-"»d>    CoimMess  others
ve mtte**!"' thn n«""i'oR of h»1i
enrth.    Theno mon wei'e plven
.   -|>v  an*na   womnn   H«Vi»ier   her
*% nriA rtv'istrlrtnr s*>rvli.e to nur-
p*j»o  fi-nrt' r*M*)i» th-atv,,
5 A   W(1*"HT).  fimTt.e*.nw.  •snnipwlip-'-t-i
^nn«"-l   ttirnn-'ll     qiif'eH"?    ttriti
|n.<-r'fl<-e to hrlnir the<<e    men    to
liHtv.    Sbe continues to suffer
tirnite-h novm-tv; disease, and the
Inrrors ronsenuent unon tbe after
jfeets of war.    Shut awav In the
'wens ofthe noor. In everv (Treat
pv. women suffer Th silence and
Pone.
"A VXts***' A"*- *m*ne-**«**.q psv pr*.
hp ttf>,-**lp -i-u*nrt*-1 l*^'*o*-*-»Ps pn flrrt.oii
iPttrn T**p v"e«t ppssiriTio «re let
Inose. wornoti Is B-ri-ol'pd. and
|o--"*"0'n<llpd tn tin  "h^r.-M-stsr."
"An A-fils*!"*" tbev snv, and
l->en Invented' with unlimited nower
|ecide to brine- neace.   No' woman
ever permitted to renresent the
illllons of mothers whose homes
e wrecked, whose children are
orphanages, and whose suffer
ings are so great. Such a peace Is
sustained by force, secret treaties,
indemnities, and conquest of territories, and cannot, endure, and
women the world over are taking
matters in their own hands and
are beginning to march forward in
an effort to conquer the forces of
darkness now ruling and destroying mankind.
U.S. Teachers Protest
"Factory" Education
(By Federated Press)
CHICAGO—Organized teachers
of Chicago are adding to the
labor ferment by formal protests
against the factory methods of
their employers. To the abolition
of teacher councils on school work,
the Increase in pupils per classroom, the warning from the boss
not to be sick too often, the proposed wage* scale which would
give most of the pay ..boost to the
higherups and" other devices, has
been added by the employers a
variation of punching the time
clock. The Chicago Federation of
Men Teachers points out to the
board of education that "no other
profession is subjected to a similar
humiliation" and that "large systems tend at best to become mechanized and to develop in teachers the feeling that they are mere
cogs in a machine." Encouragement of teacher councils with corresponding increased professional
recognition must be the answer,
the union declares.
At a masB meeting of the Chicago Teachers' Federation, President Mary M. Abbe asserted, "we
have stood about all we cart bear."
She was supported by Victor Ol-
ander, secretary-treasurer Illinois
State Federation of Labor, and
John A. English, labor member of
the board of education and-organizer of Typographical Union No.
:16.
BIG BUSINESS WANTS
COAL MINERS' STRIKE
NEW YORK— (FP)— Bier business, the financial Interests Which
virtually control the United States,
want the anthracite coal strike, C.
W. Barron, owner of the Wall
Street Journal, has-- been telling
president Coolidge at Swampscott
so that "Cautious Cal won't intervene too soon. Miners knew this
all along, charging that operators
Would not even listen to their demands.
Hindu Women Enslaved
By British Magnates
(By Len De Caux, Federated Press)
LONDON—Women still toll in
the coal mines ot India. On the
tea plantations a system of indentured labor exists, which practically amounts to slave labor. Flourishing Bombay cotton factories,
paying dividends of 100 per oent.
on the original bona fide capital,
pay their workers far below the
minimum living wage determined
by government experts and are now
trying to cut these starvation
wages 25 per cent, in some cases.
These are a few facts. about the
exploitation of Hindu labor with
which the Workers' Welfare League of India, the agents in Britain
of the.All-India Trades Union congress are seeking to acquaint the
British labor movement.
Government Aids Bosses
The government of India has
only recently been expressing its
full sympathy—not with the unfortunate women miners, who are
driven to back-breaking toil underground—but with the employers who are demanding that the
use of women shall not be interfered with. The Indian Mining
Federation (the employer organization) has protested to N. B. Mitra,
government member of industries
and labor, against the bill contemplated by the government of India
prohibiting the employment of women labor underground in the coal
mines. In reply, Mitra assured the
employers that the government
sympathized with their view, and
that it would reconsider.
British Co-Ops. to Assist
Action by the British co-operative movement to assist Hindu labor is urged' by the Workers VTel-
fare League. It is calling on the
gigantic Co-operative Wholesale
society to refuse to allow on its
tea plantations— or on plantations
which, as buyers on an enormous
scale, it influences—the system of
indentured labor or the employment of women and children. The
league is also asking for a minimum wage amounting to about $35
a month, and for assistance to be
granted to the Indian Trades Union congress by the enforcement
of a "trade unionists only" employment policy by the co-operative.
Don't Fail To Read-
Dairy Workers Need
Protection From Gas
vnrv you should give your family lots of
FRUIT AND VEGETABLES
i Many people, when they do their
yeekly  shopping,   quite   overlook
lie fruit and vegetables,   They are
nclined to consider them as unnecessary 'frills', aiitf luxuries, like
jandiea, and cigaxettes.   They give
lhe children apples, or oranges in
letween meals, but they never confide*, fruit aB an essential piart of
lie diet
But' fruit an* ▼•f-stftblea are ab-
plutely necessary, and no one can
hpalthy win* Arm not eat a
bertain  aittwiit   ot auch   natural
jtood.     -
A large* percentage ot modem
llseasea, It la. estimated, are caused
faulty elimination.of the
|waste product*, du* to incorrect
aWtft it, eaMpg, and adulterated
land unnatural foods. Fruit and
•vegetables, particularly, in* their
■raw state, help on the. process of
■elimination, and render the tak-
llng of patent medicines absolute
ly unnecessary.
- Moreover, fruits and vegetables
contain a large amount of the mineral salts which the body needs.
Children, ln whom the taste for
such natural floods has been cultivated, are much better off than
the children who have formed the
candy, habit. Fruit ls excellent for
the, teeth, whereas candy, unless
mad'e of the purest ingredients, ls
usually harmful.
Therefore,   Introduce   the   fruit
and vegetable habit in your family.
Ginger Cake   -
Oneegg, one cup sugar (brown),
tt cup molasses, % cup butter, .%
cup buttermilk, one desst^t spoonful Gingar, three cups flour (Wown
preferably). ,, '.*.-.
Scones
2 lb flour, 4 ozS. sugar (brown),
2 teaspoonfuls Cream of Tartar, 4
ozs. "nutter, % teaspoonful Carbonate Soda. Mix with sour milk.
ALBANY, N, Y.—-(FP)—Danger
of asphyxiation or, smothering by
carbon dloxid is one of the hazards against which dairy workers
need protection when filling siloes, the New York state health
department warns. Studies of ensilage show that green fodder on
being placed in the silo immediately begins to undergo changes
opposite to normal plant metabolism; that Oxygen from surrounding air is consumed and carbon
dloxid gas liberated. Sometimes
almost all the oxygen.is consumed.
The carbon dioxld, supposed to be
the preservative of the fodder, -remains at the surface and for a
few feet above because ot its high
specific gravity.
Most silo accidents to dairy
workers occur in the morning, apparently due to fermentation during, the night or over Sunday.
Workers may be engulfed in an
invisible lake of carbon dioxld gas
upon .entering a partly filled, silo
and quickly become overcome. To
prevent accidents,, experts, recommend that the blower, be started
a few minutes before workers
enter-the silo* partially filled with
fresh fodder.
Pasa thia copy to your shop-
mate and get him to subscribe..
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"Hudson's Bay Point"
BLANKETS
WITH the "Seal of Quality" guarantee of excellence,
" are universally acclaimed the "Standard of Blanket
Value," Their traditionally good quality, is obtainable
at all Hudson's Bay Stores throughout Canada, in six
standard colors, at these prices:
Point Grey Khaki Scarlet
3y2  $12.50 $15.00 $15.00
3      $10.50 - $12.50 $12.50
4      $15.00 $17.50 $17.50
Point Green White      Striped
3      $12.50        $14.00	
31/2  $15.00 ;	
4       $17.50 $19.50        $19.50
"Hudson's Bay Point" Blankets are today winning,
many new friends through their great serviceability and
comfort as blankets for the-home.
—They make the warmest df bed cttvefiiigs—equally as
good for bedroom and for sleeping porch.
—Handsome couch covers.
—Snug and luxurious motor rugs.
—Travel tugs for boat or train and'pietttre«fti$ winter
sports coats.
—They are all pure wool, soft and warm, wash well,
and will give lifetime service. Page Six
thb Canadian labor advocate
Friday, September 18, lj
■ r
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarer*
of Canada.)
SEAMEN'S ACTIVITIES
STARVATION AT SEA
(Continued from Page 1)
which left last May are the vessels
that have returned.
The "Green" caught twenty-four
whales and the "St. Lawrence"
thirty-one whales. The bonus for
the  "Green" added  $72.00 to the
Enslaving Europe
By LELAND OLDS
(Federated Press)
A trained industrial nation
forced to accept an average of
f 10.72 a week for its skilled labor
and $7.62 for unskilled workers,
as been flung to the international
financiers for exploitation by the
Dawes plan. This ls the general
situation shown in a report pn the
wage situation in Germany from
M.  L.  Goldsmith,  assistant IT.  S.
Notes From the Camps
The Hoo-Hoo and Henry Dubb]
after   leaving   Panama   liver   was
served   continually   for   breakfast,
no eggs were given, and the pickles ,ow wages 0f the seamen on that J^^^^Th^ a£
taken  on  board  were  rotten  the ship,  and  on "the "St. Lawrence" cording to    the    report, "current
following day. the   bonus   amounted   to   $92.00. wages remain relatively. so    far
When the vessel arrived at San Nelther of the shlp's seamen have below the U. S. levl that slight in-
Pedro another of the crew desert- earned as much as they would lf creases during recent months are
ed, because of the conditions.
While at San Pedro the crew received a cash allowance, most of
which they spent in purchasing
fruit, eggs, sugar, and milk. The
men were taking no chances after
the manner they had been treated.
At San Francisco the crew received some more cash, which was
spent in a similar manner to that
done at San Pedro. From 'Frisco
the ship proceeded to Oakland,
where the conditions improved a
little. From Oakland to Grays
Harbor, Washington, the captain
gave orders that although it was
a holiday (Labor Day) the deck
department would have to work.
This they refused to do, and the
captain made the apprentices and
deck boys do the work.
Captain Potts, master of the vessel, must be a regular old sea dog,
because shortly after leaving the
Panama Canal, where he had
bought an insufficient supply of
water, he locked the fresh water
pumps, and.,served the water out
in doles. The weather was very
hot at the time, and the agony of
thirst endured by the men can be
imagined.
In all thirty-six men left \he
ship before the final port of discharge—Vancouver,   B.   C.—which
working at coasting wages.   Fuller
details will be given later on.
The Empress of Asia one of the
first ships of the Empress Line,
have decided to take the Chinese
crews back to work again, and the
white strikebreakers, who were
kind enough to assist to break the
back of the Chinese workers are
not in any case a serious consideration from the competitive viewpoint."
"The question which is coming
more and more to the front," says
Goldsmith, "is whether German
manufacturers can continue indefinitely to compensate for high
production costs by such relatively
low wages. The answer depends
a great deal upon the finances of
to be thrown back on the unem
ployed list, with the promise that the German labor unions,
they   will   be   given   employment _.     -, -.-.-'• .X ■',. ...■ „            _ .
„ .     ....      Z., The fact that the German Fed-
again   if  the   Chinese   cause  any .,        . _,    .   TT ,                  ,.
_       .      ,, eration of Trade Unions   recently
more trouble. ,       , ., ,      _■■:  , .      - ,
  gave the striking Danish    unions
$100,000 is considered as indicat-
Mail List at The Headquarters ing that the unlons are financially
for the following.
Cox, A.; Evans, L. F.; Harris, C.Henderson, C; Hesketh, J.; Hew-
ett, C. H.; Horn, R.; Jo, H.; Jones,
R. N.; Kissock, J.; Knox, J.; Lewis,
Ernest; Maekay, J.; Mahoney, G.;
McDonald, J.; Osborne, W.; Pat-
tison, E.; Pugh, A. E.; Threlfall,
R. J.,- Williams, Alt; Williams, J.;
Worrall, Wm.; Worrell, J.
Certainty looked good to those who  was    an    issue    that    challenged
better off than a few years ago.
Building Workers Best Paid
Building trades workers are
among the highest paid in Germany with, an average, of $14.39
a week for skilled craftsmen. At
the bottom are the textile workers
with skilled'men getting $7.62 and
skilled women workers $5.96 a
week.
In Germany as ln Austria   the
allied capitalists have been able to
Hear Labor Viewpoint  dictate conditions .which    enforce
  wages that will seriously   undermine standards won by labor  in
the allied countries.
Effects Upon France
Wages of $1.08 a    day    which
University Students
(By Federated Press)
NEW     TORK—Shall     College
Students   Act   as   Strikebreakers?
TF you meet a man wearing a
button, with the silhouette of
ar black cat on it, in the lapel of
his coat, don't think he is superstitious. According to the Daily
Province he is either a logging
operator, a saw mill owner, a
working logger, or saw mill employee, and a member of the Concatenated Order of Hoo Hoo.
The membership of this concatenation in the past was confined
to,the bosses, and higher-ups of
the lumber industry. Its emblem
was a red nose, the password "'Fill
'em up Again," and the high sign
an alcoholic breath.
The Hoo Hoos' seem to be making an attempt to rope in some
of the working class "Henry
Dubbs" of the lumber industry.
Now that the Hoo Hoos are extending the glad hand of fellowship, think of Henry's joy, his
dream of prospective bliss, in sitting next to the boss at a committee meeting perhaps, or walking down Hastings street with his
chest well out, a Black cat button
in his lapel, passers by nudging
each other and saying, "There goes
a saw mill owner."
Apart from the" possibility of his
rising some day to the exalted
position of a "Big Hoosier" in the
order, there are still further joys
in store for Henry. This from the
"West Coast Lumberman": •»
SOCIETY GIRLS TO CADDY AT
HOO HOO MEET
"Visiting  delegates to the  34th
annual convention of the Concat-
Poor Boat Service
I feel it is about time something
was done about the boat  service
had been able to hold out against  youths gathered from the colleges  represent the average paid French   on the West Coast of Vancouver
tho agonies of this voyage.
and universities at Woodstock-on-  coal    miners,    according    to    the   island.    Whenever someone wants
the-Catskills. under the leadership  French government, indicate how   to go down from the camp at Port
enated   Order  of ' Hoo  Hoo
have  the  privilege  of golfing
any of the Spokane golf coui]
Special arrangements have
made  by A. L.  Porter,  chain]
of the local entertainment
mittee,  to  have  lady caddies]
those   playing  at    the    Spok
Country    club.      Twenty-five,
Spokane's    popular    society
have voluntered to act as cad|
for the visiting golfers.   It ls
dieted that this course    will'
very  popular during the cony,
tion."
Now if the Vancouver Hoo I
want to make a hit with the
loggers, let them take a tip fi^
Spokane.   What's the matter
getting some of Vancouver's poij
lar society girls to volunteer th
services,  and when    the    visitfl
logger members come to town]
get their teeth fixed they could]
taken out to the Jericho Coun
Club for a round of golf.    A Id
ger wearing "stagged pants" as
substitute for  "plus  fours,"  tr|
ping lightly o'er the green with
popular   society   flapper   as
caddy would be an inspiring slg
and a good advertisement of
democratic     principles     of     t]
"Hoosiers."
Just imagine how a logger wJ
has just taken a large    slice
territory off B. C. and broken
club  could enlarge    the    golfii
vocabularly of a popular    sociif
girl.
Go to lt, Henry. If I happ
to see an employee of the lumb
industry wearing a black cat bj
ton in the lapel of his coat I
mark him down as also a memti
of the Ancient Order of Sciss
Bills, and its associate order
Fraternity of Stool Pigeons.
J.
Already two of the whalers of
the Consolidated Whaling Co., Ltd.,
have returned to Victoria after a
very unsuccessful season for the
seamen who are paid fifty dollars
per month with a bonus of three
dollars on each whale. The S. S.
"Green" and S. S. "St. Lawrence,"
of   the   National   Student   Forum
summer conference.
Most of the assembled students
came from conservative homes and
international competition is hold-   Renfrew they have to wait from
ing down wages even in the victor   one to two days and are frequently
Subscribe to The Advocate,
countries. It means that the money
wage of the average French miner
conservative schools where student  is only slighter higher    than
strikebreakers can  belong to the
most fashionable fraternities without a frown levelled against them,
in
1913, when the average was $1.04.
The average    daily    wages    of
underground workers are $1.16 or
Those
Empire
Cafe
QUALITY
COURTESY
REASONABLE
76 Hastings East
HAROLD DEQO »nd
BOB KRAUSE
Late   54th  Batt.  and  72nd Batt.
told that the boat will arrive in
from three to four hours.
There seems to be an arrangement between three parties to
keep this system up—the camps,
the hotelmen, and the C. P. R.
By telling the men to be ready to
go to Port Renfrew without Snowing anything at all as to when the
But it is not likely that any of the  about *7 for a 6"day week
students who attended this week's  °l  8urfaoe  workers  average  only
session will feel inclined to do any   86° a day or *5-16  for a 6"day    	
scabbing.    The week's discussion,  week-   Recently these miners have boat win arrlve the *oggers are cut
led by Roger N. Baldwin of the  been striking against the demand off from -the pay roll and become
American Civil Liberties union, was  ot the,r employers for still lower mere paying boaraers at the mercy
all of a labor character and furn-  wa&es to meet competition of coal of th(J hotei,ften, whose rates are
ished the  proper -background  for  'f»m Germany, Belgium and Eng; anythlng but iow.    After waiting
agitation against the strikebreaker  land. in vain for hours they begin    to
~      ~~ " patronize the beer parlor to pass
Hindu Students Hail the time and QUenoh thelr thIrst
practice.
The theme of the week was "The
Student in a World of Violence,"
Baldwin showed that the student
must take his stand with the labor
mpvement or against it. It was
impossible to be neutral.   The dls-
unionism and the syndicalist, com
munist and socialist movements.
MAINLAND CICAR STORE
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
310 CARRALL STREET VANOOUVER, B.O.
, This has, no doubt, been planned.
Military EdUCatlOn Then comes meals and bed.
  The least the loggers could ask
NEW  YORK.—-The   Indian   in- for from the C. P. R. is to have a
dependence   movement   welcomes wire. sent  from  Port Alberni,  or
cussion led through orthodox trade  compulsory   military  training  be- victoria,  to    the    camps    telling
cause it believes the military when the boat is due in Port Ren-
knowledge gained will some day frew rphls wouia give the nien
be used in defense of Ijndia. So amp]e time to catch the boat. If
say the Friends of Freedom for the boat )g to arrive between 9
India, an exile organization with p m and 9 p m the camp should
headquarters in New York, com- be notlfied be(ore g p.m.
menting on the news that the the logger8
huge university of Calcutta has some boat
for  the   first time,   declared   for s
compulsory  military  training  for P™ers in Vancouver and haw an
its host of students.   The tutor- arrangement made to bring them
sity is the largest educational ln- and take them to and from camp
numbers,'at the t,me they want'    Thls ls
my share in this matter.   Who Is
BRUCE'SI
MIDSUMMER
SUIT
SALE
Big reductions, splendid]
values. Regular prices]
$22.50 to $42.50, now—j
$15 to$37.65j
C. D. BRUCE*!
Limited
Cor. Homer and Hastings St.
VANCOUVER, B.C.
Red Star Drug Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
-  We Make a Special Effort to Get Gooda Out by First Mall
Aftor Receipt of Yonr Order
Corner Cordova and Carrall
Vancouver, B.O.
stitutlon l|ti the world in
33,000 students having matrlcula
ted last year.
next?
BERLIN—(FP) —A - defensive
Industrial alliance nt the unions of
German state and municipal employees, railwaymen and transport
workers for mutual support on
wages and hours provides for moral and material support, and has
organizational measures preparing
the ground for fusion of the outlaw rallwaymen's union, formed
after the expulsion of the Communists, wtth the parent organization.
G. OLSEN,,
Victoria, B.C.
HARRISBURG, Pa. — .FP) —
Fighting a forest fire was the pub-
He service that cost the life of Anthony Karish, but there shall be
no compensation for his family. So
Deputy Attorney General J. W.
Brown tells the Department of Labor and Industry, on the theory,
that though Karish was emploved
by a flre warden he was illegally
hired being, a minor.
Tlie Original
HARVEY
Logging Boot
HAND-MADE BOOTS
for
LOGGERS,  MINERS; '
CRUISERS and '■'-.'
PROSPECTORS
Quick Sortlet fer Bsp-tlrs
All Work Oouut-td
Sptcitl Atttntlon to Mali Ordon
H. Harvey
Kitkbliiktl in VneooTor In 1MT
BS  CORDOVA  STREET W. lay, September 18, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Pag* Stvtn
fied Deportation;
Leaves On His Own
•  —i—
[•ELLINGTON, New Zealand.—
fl   Lyons,   the   young   radical
was Imprisoned because  his
a refused to allow him to be
4rted  from New Zealand,  has
for  Australia.    On  his   inti-
tion that he was willing to go,
[was released from jail.  Lyons
he could Ao more on the in-
Echoes of the Great Surrender
(By Carl Brannin, Federated Press)
GLASGOW, Scotland—The Brit- Ramsay MacDonald regrets that
ish press, both labor and capitalist, the   "extremist  elements"   among
rial field ln Australia than in is still echoing  with  the recent the    trade    unions    have    been
ln New Zealand, and since he  clash between tlie coal operators strengthened by the  caving-in of
demonstrated   to   the    New  and tlie miners.   Tho action of tlie the government.   J. H. Thomas of
and government that it could Baldwin government in granting the railwaymen is also "not at all
deport him so long as he was $50,000,000 to the operators rather happy" over the situation, though
Ing to resist, he was now will-  than have the workers locked out it was the solidarity of his union
to» leave the country.    As he ^a the country thrown into a sym- and the Transport Workers Union
native of Australia he cannot  pathetic    railway    and   transport with the miners that brought the
strike is characterized by tory and government around. He states that
employer spokesmen as a humlliat- he does not like to see the idea
ing surrender to Bolshevism which gaining ground that the only way
much not occur again. the, workers can get justice is to
threaten strikes.
*,-,    ,.,   ,   ,,,,,-   ,,,-,,.„.,-,■.,_..,■.._,■.   *..*. Workers Preparing
INDERS will be received by the un-   ••■"    <">   *   "'lc   «<""«"="""""    ■» \                     ,
ersigned up  to Tuesday,  September  working class solidarity.    Nothing In Liverpool and other industrial
>U26j~at 2 p.m., for the following  has happened of such heartening centers the trade unions are or-
i) Asphalt or Concrete Pavements.      influence    to    the    British   labor ganizing   councils   of  action  and
[deported from that country.
OITT OF VAHOOUVEB
Notice to Contractors
Leaders of labor regard the matter  as  a   fine   demonstration   of
pith avenue, Balsam to Trafalgar,
lighth -avenue,   Stephens  to   MacDon
movement   since   the   Hands   Off defense corps to protect speakers
Russia    drive    which    prevented and   organizers.   Communists  are
llingwood street,  Fourth avenue  to   Lloyd   George's  armed   attack   on active in pushing this work. Speak-
the soviet government.   Both sides ers   of  the  party   on   the   street
agree that this affair is but a skir- corners are urging active  propa-
mish to the big battle which will ganda among the military and na-
take place 9 months hence when val forces to win them over to the
the commission on the coal mining worker side,
industry makes its report and the 	
avenue,
lane   south   of   Hastings,
|rard.
(2) Concrete Pavements.
Hamilton street, Davie to Ne.son.
['owe   street   widening,   Hastings
(the.
I'avie street,  Denman to Beach.
Ipecifications,   form
Howe    to
to
and
of    tender
r  particulars   may -be   obtained   at subsidy expires. /
city engineer's office, City Hall, on ,           . _               „, ,
Iment of Ten Dollars ($10.00),*-which Londonderry Advocates Violence
aUons:fUetdin0ngoot'eonuition.6 ^ ^ord Londonderry, a large coal-
deposit by marked cheque, payable royalty owner, in a recent speech
^^ treasurer,   of   an   amount declared  if a general  strike  took
81 to five  (5)  per cent, of the total , .                          ,    .,     .
-■ -    "  place everything necessary in blood
Building Trades Put
On the Fodder Basis
hunt of  the  bid submitted  must  ac
t-pany each tender.
The lowest or any tender not neces
|ly accepted.
' WILLIAM McQUEEN,
.       „ , Oity Clerk.
|jty Hall,  September 16, 1926.
VANOOUVBB HABBOUB
COMMISSIONERS
•fotice to Contractors
(British Labor Press Service.)
LONDON.—The national ballot
and treasure would be expended on the new wage agreement for
to crush it and the trade unions workers in the building industry,
would find themselves smashed which is now being taken by the
from top to bottom. Other big National Federation of Building
capitalists have urged the im_n,e- Trades Operatives, will be com-
diate preparation of scab labor un- pleted on August 31.
der military guard. The big dail- Features of the agreement are
les editorially shriek Bolshevism, that the present wage rate, corn-
Revolution,   Get  Ready to  Crush  meincing with the A rate of Is. 8d.
fOBBTE ROADWAY   BALIANTYNE
PIEB
TENDERS,    marked
jprete   Roadway,    Ballantyno
'Con-
Pier,'
per hour, shall be correlated with
a cost of living figure of 78. With
the rise or fall of 6 1-2 points, an
increase or reduction of l-2d. an
the Reds.
Labor's Viewpoint
A. J. Cook, secretary of the min*
.     , .*-     ....    .....     ws' union who is responsible for  j™^^ be made
ring labor and raafirial as required the workers' refusal to accept tne
the construction of a concrete road- w._. eut „,.„-_ the workers to
vapproach   to   the   Baliantyne   Pier,   wage   cut'   ulses °    °
addressed  to  the undersigned,  will  take up the challenge of the bosses.
™Xo? tt^Z^^Z- J°hn Wh6atl6y' ^^ ™M ^
Ir Street, until 12 o'clock noon, Sep-  parliament   from   Glasgow,   says:
'The navy will be ordered to man
ber 21st, 1925.
Bans, specifications,  forms, of  tender m, ...    „  ,.,,*,   _,„
I, contraot  may  be   obtained   at   the the mines.    The soldiers and  po
These adjustments are to be
made annually, not on the figure
at the time of adjustment, but on
the average figure over the whole
year.
Should this agreement be ratified,  the present National Wages
Kour' & r^'oftt-fve UC6   Wl"   ^   °ff   V^wlS and   C°nditi°»s   CoUnoU   Wl»   **
lars ($25.00) will be required, which locked-out   mob   in   order,   wnue and   a  body  get  up  wlth   a   new
iiH.atrionTdetdc ^^ ^^ °£ Plan5' starvation  forces  them into  SUb" constitution, to be known as the
lie tenders shall be accompanied  by jection.     If   workingclass  soldiers National   jolnt   Council   for   the
i accepted   cheque   equal   to   ten   per can  be  relied   on  to  shoot  down Building Industry
_    Th?)acc0efpte1d cTeque' o°/ Z sue- workingclass    strikers,    capitalism Nelther the Bri;klayerB. nor the
Iful tenderer will be released on the will get a new lease of life by mak- piasterers' unionB are taking part
Vo^o^L-X'^-t?^ »«* Britain a land of coolies.    If in the ballot.
" (2£%)  of the amount of the con- the .workingclass   soldiers   should
'■Pair Wage Clause will be inserted  «■* then all is lost for capitalfcm. T     \_aAnt_,
[he Contract. For the next 9 months the workers -UOVernment  10 KeQUCe
Army Privates' Wages
j. WH.V.-f.-    «--  -*C __________
gle in their history.'*
t-orOtfo aTceS tender  ""'   "°t  muat Prepare on a neW SCal* a"d
W. b. HABVIE on new lines for the greatest strug-
Secretary.
lipteraber 14th,  1925.
$1000.00
BBWABD
To any one who
will prove that
anything stated in
this ad is mis-
re p r esented or
untrue.
YOUB OPPORTUNITY
To purchaso direct from the manufacturer a fine quality suit made
of pure wool valued at $50.00.
Strictly hand-tailored to your measure, serge or worsted.    Latest models.    Single or *_______. OO
double-breasted   for  ONLY apTiVV
Send No Money—Write for our Special Offer. Perfect
Fit and Satisfaction guaranteed
Ladies'
10
.OO    VALUE PURE SILK HO_iE FOR ONLY
lix Pair Ladles'
Ight or heavy full
fashioned pure SILK
IOSE valued at $10
for only
$1.00
uaranteed    Perfect
nd   Finest   Quality
Gentlemen's
.00
Twelve   Pair  Men's
light or heavy pure
SILK HOSE valued
at $10 for only
$1.00
SEND NO MONEY
Write us at once for
full bargain offer to
FHE ALLIED SALES CO., 150 NASSAU ST., NEW YORK, N. Y.
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON—According to the
Daily Express, it ls the intention of
the Government to reduce Army
Fay by 9d, a day in the case of
the private and 2s, for the Sergeant-Major.
Not a word is said about the
manner in which the necessary
"economies" might be effected
without reducing the pay of the
rank and file.
Take a Director at the War Office, for instance. He receives the
very low pay of £4 9s. lOd. a day.
He must have one cigar a day, so
is allowed a ration allowance of
Is. 8d.; then, of course his boots
must be clean when he goes to the
War Office about 11 a. m., so there,
is 4s. a day.for a. servant...
A man with £4 9s. lOd. a day
obviously caainot afford to find bis
own lodging, so he receives lis a
day lodging allowance. And as the
landlady may not fill the scuttle,
he is also given a fuel allowance
of 3s. 7d. a day.
British Labor Party
To Discuss Admission
Of Communist Party
(By Len De Caux Federated Press)
LONDON—Relations with the
Communist party will bulk large at
the 25th annual conference of the
British Labor party, which meets
in Liverpool, Sept. 2tt, with C. T.
Cramp in the chair. One hundred
local Labor parties and a number
of trade unions are supporting
resolutions to admit the Communist
party. The executive committee,
on the other hand, are recommending that all Communists who are
Individual members of the Labor
party be expelled, ahd that trade
unions be recommended not to
send Communists as delegates to
local or national Labor bodies.
Prospective Program
The program of the conference
includes resolutions prepared by
the executive committee, dealing
with foreign affairs, inter-dominion relations, finance, agricultural
policy, housing, municipal powers,
national health and electoral reform. Their moderation has called
forth considerable criticism. Even
the New Leader, official organ of
the I. L. P., says, "Labor, indeed,
seems to be 'putting itself right'
with the middle-class voter," and
to deplore that the capital levy 'is
Silently dropped' and that there is
not one word about nationalization
of the mines or the railways. 'The
executive," it says, "assures us that
its policy is 'imaginative' and 'fundamental.' We doubt if the party
will agree with 'it."' The Workers
Weekly, Communist organ, labels
the draft resolutions as "the liberal
reylv.ai."
Communist Party Position
Three resolutions against the
Communists were passed at the
last Labor party conference. The
first two rejected the affiliation of
the Communist party and declared
that no Communist should be eligible for endorsement as Labor candidate for parliament or any local
body while the third, which was
passed by a very narrow majority
declared against the-.eligibility of
any Communist for membership in
the Labor party. The last resolution has never become effective
as it has been left to the discretion
of local Labor parties, most of
which have not expelled the Communists who belong to them. Nearly all Communists are trade unionists, and even if they were expelled
as individual members they would
still retain membership in the La-
bo:- party by virtue of trade union
membership. Many Communists
retain positions of local Importance
ln the Labor party as delegates
from their unions, and are nominated for parliamentary and other
candidatures, in spite of the resolutions.
British Minority
Movement Program
(By Federated Press)
LONDON—"The British union
jack stands for British Imeperial-
ism in the sense of coole labor in
the vast industries and mines in,
the orient and for slave labor in
the new cotton fields of India,
Rhodesia, the Sudan and Mesopotamia," emphatically declared S.
Saklatvala, a member of parliament in speaking before the Aug.
29-30 National Minority Movement
conference of the trade unions in
London.
Living Standards Threatened
"Southern China if industrialized
further by British is bound to destroy in 15 years time the standard
of European workers and American cotton farmers. I stand therefore as the implacable enemy of
British imperialism."
The passing of the British trade
union movement from the defense
to the attack was the leading topic
of discussion. Tom Mann presided.
Minority Programme
The programme of the minority
movement include^ an increase of
$5 a week on all existing wage
rates, a minimum wage of $20 per
week and a 44 hour week for all
industry, where a 6 hour day is
demanded; nationalization of the
mines, railways, chief heavy Industries, banks and land, without
compensation and with worker's
control.
In foreign policy the movement
seeks the repudiation of the Versailles treaty and the Dawes report,
the ratification of the Anglo-Russian treaty, the appointment of a
trade unionist as the representative
of Britain in i.ussia, and " repudiation of the conception that the
British Empire is of any regard to
the British workers." The organization of a world Trade Union Congress is advocated.
There are three-and-a-half millions who live In slums in a country that could spend ten thousand
million pounds in a war.'—Lloyd
George.
Rail Workers Back
Young LaFollette
WASHINGTON—(F P)—Four
hundred thousand copies of a special edition of Labor, official weekly organ of the 15 associated rail
labor organizations, promoting the
candidacy of R. M. LaFollette jr.,
in the Wisconsin Republican primary race for the vacant senator-
ship, have been shipped to Wisconsin from the Washington plant.
Chief executives of all these organizations—except W. B. Prenter
of the Locomotive Engineers, who
was out of the country when the
joint action was agreed upon, have
signed a letter to the Wisconsin
voters, urging the nomination and
election of young LaFollette.
Education of Workers
Advancing in Britain
(British Labor Press Service)
.LONDON—The increase in the
interest in education that has been
aroused in the workers in the past
few years is illustrated by ithe
large number of applications for
scholarships provided by the General Council of the Trades Union
Congress through the W. E. A. to
the International Federation of
Trade Unions Summer School at
Brunswig and Prague.
The General Council gave the
W.E.A. six scholarships, for which
there were ninety-seven applications.
The General Secretary (Mr. J. M.
MacTavish) stated that the total
number of Three-Year, One-Year
Classes and Twelve Lecture Courses, organized during 1924-25, had
increased from 1,098 to 1,307, and
the number of students from 26,-
874 to over 30,000. In addition, a
large number of short courses of
six lectures had been arranged,
which would bring the estimated
number of workers who attended
courses through the W. E. A. up
to 60,000,
Boston—(FP)—Amoskeag Manufacturing Co. of Manchester, N.
H., and Parkhlll Manufacturing Co.
of Fitchburg are uniting in one
operating company.* Amaseag
claims to be the largest cotton
goods manufacturing concern in
the world and employs 17,000
workers in its mills, including
worsted and woolen branches.
Parkhlll employs 1,700 in cotton
goods production and dyeing.
OITY   OF   VANCOUVEB
Don't forget!   Mention the Advocate when buying.
THE undersigned will receive tonders
marked "Ornamental Cast Iron
Standards," up to 12 o'clock noon on
Wednosday, the 23rd day ol September,
for the supply of one hundre'8 and
fifty  ornamental cast iron stnndards.
Specifications and details con bo obtained from tho City Electrician, Holdon
Building.
The right to accept or reject any or
all  tenders reserved.
JAMES   STUART,
Purchasing Agent.
I
i
E
dj ?»g» Eight
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Friday, September 18,
Bay. 486
32 Battings St. S.
The Electric Shop Ltd.
RADIO AND
ELECTRICAL SUPPLIES
Bey. 6780
414 Hutings 81 W.
Mmamzszm
mm
jWmmmm
SUPPORT BUSINESS CONCERNS FRIENDLY
TO ORGANIZED LABOR
Boots and Shoes
Neatly Repaired
Yon Can Rely Upon a Square
Deal at
SPAULDINGS
5971  FRASER AVE.
Try Us Once—That's All We
Aak.
npHE advertisers in The Labor Advocate deserve the support of organized labor
and its friends. They materially assist in making it possible for this paper to
be of service to the workers. The individuals and firms using our publication are
showing interest in our cause, and workers should give them the preference in
making purchases. As organized workers, you can readily see the value of reci- •
procity in preference to all others. This goes to show that our advertisers should
get the benefit of the purchasing power of organized labor.
BUY HEBE AND SA.
MONEY
MEN'S,  WOMEN'S AND
CHILDREN'S     -
Shoe
THE BEST POR LESS
Note the Address
The Imperii
Shoe Store
1087 OBANVILLE ST.
Opp. Standard Fnroiuwe Co.l
Grocerteria Ltd,
5935 Fraser Avenue
THE WORKING MAN'S STORE
Specials for Thursday,
GROCERIES
10 lbs. B.C. Sugar  «7o
Red Arrow Sodas, pkt 10c
No.   1.  Alberta Cutter,  bulk,
3 lbs. for    $1.25
Malkin's Best Tea -.. 69c
Fresh Bulk Dates, 3 lbs, 25c
Pickling Vinegar, gallon, 60c
Westerp Toilet Paper,  7 rolls
for   26c
Conn Starch    12c
Regal Shaker Salt  12c
Red Head Matches, box 9c
Friday and Saturday
MEATS
Pot Roast Beef, lb  lie
Roast Beef,  lb   14c
Rump Roast Beef, lb  16c
Boiling Beef,  lb  18c
Shoulder Steak, 2 lbs 25c
Lean Stew Beef, 2 lbs  25c
Fresh Minced Beef, 2 lbs. 25c
Prime Rib Steak, lb...- 20c
Pork Liver,  lb  5c
Beef Hearts, eaoh  25c
A NEW
Oar Sale Prices Are
Real Money	
M«n's Hemstitched White Cambric Handkerchiefs ...5c
Men's Military Grey Shirt; regular $1.35 95c
Rubber Collars; regular SOc 10c
Men's Fine Cotton Socks, black or tan 19o
Men's Grey Wool Work Socks 23c
Men's Natural Merino Underwear, per garment .90c
Men's Garters, new web 19c
Men's Stripe Cottonade Pants ...........$1.75
ARTHUR FRITH & CO.
2313 MAIN STBEET, Between 7th and 8th Avenues
WE WANT to draw your
attention tp our new
store, located at 5969 Fraser
Avenue, and to solicit your
patronage. You will find
our stock all new and. at
rock-bottom prices. For instance:
All-Wool Blankets, $3.98
Comforters 	
The  best  of goods  and the
lowest prices.
Specialist    in    Ladies'    and
Children's   Apparel,   Underwear, Hosiery.
Remember the Address
The Bon
Dry Goods
5969 Fraser Avenue
YOUB   OPPOBTUNITY
REMOVAL SALE
AT
DODO'S
Hardware
6124 FRASER
Everything Sacrificed
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
BAEBISTEES,   SOLICITOES, EtO.
401-408  Metropolitan   Building
837 Halting* St. W„ Vancouver, B.O.
Telephone!: Seymour 6868 and 0887
KECIPROCATE
We   support   yonr   paper.
Where do yon bay yoar
Painting Supplies?
PAINT THIS FALL
—WITH—
ANTIM0 WHITE
Prepare for tlie winter rains
with a coat of good paint
IF BUILDING OR REMODELLING   USE)
FIR OR LAMATOO
3-PLY PANELS
and get that cosy effect. See
our finished samples and
use our free estimate service  on  paints  and  panels.
GregoryS Reid
Paint Co.
Sey. 4636 117 Hastingi E.
WE DELIVER
GLASSES
$5
COMPLETE
Wo Drags Used ln Examination
■'THIS advertisement means high-
■*•   grade   glasses,   with   a   thor
ough and advanced eye examina
tion by a graduate specialist. You
will  find that  we give  the most
value for the least money, and we
stand   back   of   all   work   turned
out.
If your eyes ache, see us.
Bird Eye Service
205 SEBVIOE BLDO.
680 Bobson Street
Phone Sey. 8955
Big Sale of
HIGH-GRADE USED CMS
On MONDAY, TUESDAY, WEDNESDAY*!!*
THURSDAY, 21st to 24th September
$75.00 CASH
Will Make You the Owner -of One of the Following Cars:
Chevrolet  Touring  No.   42955
Baby Grand Tr'g No. *HVt1-.,
Ford  Touring .....No.   $11116 J
Ford   Touring _..No.   4878*
Ford Touring No.  4B876
Chevrolet Touring No. 47340
Chevrolet Touring No. 6480G
Chevrolet Touring No. 38912
Chevrolet Touring No. 40668
Chevrolet Touring No. 42725
Ford Truck No.  46157
BALANCE ON EASY TERMS
LEE MOTOR CO.
Fraser and Kingsway
WE BUY GOOD USED OARS FOR CASH
OH? MY FEET
■'-■ •]
HOW OF'X'EN have you heard that expreuion?   Badly fitting Md ta-By
made shoes are painful as well aa harmful.   KIBLEB guarantee! hie ,
shoes, every one solid leather and a perfect fit.   We are tn business nttM
merely to sell you one pair of boots.  We want -yonr good will and your ,
future business.
We Have Now a Complete Line of
LADIES' All CHILDREN'S SHOES
New Stock, Just Opened Up, and the Prices WUl Astonish You'
Boys' School Boots, sizes 11 to 13%, $2.45; sizes 1 to ,6H. +-M 1
MEN'S
WORKING
SHOES
Solid Leather
and Waterproof
$3.95
$4.45
$4.95
A Special Line of
SAMPIiE         Staes ***%.
SHOES              T* ™
At HALF PRICE
And All Solid Leather
KIBLER'S SHOETERIA
168 HASTINOS STBEET EAST
Almost Opposite
the Library
Mention the LABOR ADVOCATE
When makipg your purchases our readers can be sure
of good treatment from any of these merchants.
A FuU Stock of MEN'S SUITS nnd OVER-
COATS has just been placed into stock.
Young Men's Blue Suits,   Men's  Gaberdine Coats
fine stripe $22:50     ,,«t .„....,....„. $15.00
Men's   Fox   Serge   Suits        IRain-Test'Olothing
at  $15.00    Pants  $5.00
Men's Overcoats, dozensto    Shirts  $6-80
select from; up from $15    All kinds of Boots for Men
HEADLIGHT   OVERALLS'
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 OOBDOVA STBEET WEST

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