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The Canadian Labor Advocate 1925-10-09

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With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Seventeenth Year.   No. 41
Eight Pages
Sacrifice of Virtue
Demanded by Mammon
tBy W. Francis Ahern, Federated
Press Correspondent.)
SYDNEY,   Australia, — One  aspect Of the visit of the American
naval fleet to Australia was the
manner in which the Big: Business
press called upon the girls of the
cities   visited   by   the   sailors   to
'give   the   boys   a   good   time."
Some   of  the  statements  in   the
newspapers   came   very   near   to
uggestlng   prostitution.   The   following ls an  extract of a statement appearing ln the Melbourne
Age, a leading Big Business news-
"Every young sailor worth his
3alt has only one question on his
tongue—What sort of girls have
you got?
'.'So it ls up to you, girls, to do
your best for Australia.   You can
lo more for the cause of international   peace   in   the   next   ten
days thap the League of Nations
ls likely to do in the  next ten
years.   Human relations are more
)owerful than International rela-
ions.     The   amorous   reciprocations of youth will  draw nations
loser together than  the trading
eclprocatlons that  are  embodied
n treaties."
This  is  a  fair  sample  of the
ind of stuff that appeared in the
lajorlty of the newspaper.    The
rouing girls of Australia did  mix
reely  with  the  American  sailor
ds.    There    have    been    many
heavy hearts and sorrowing moth-
rs as a result of the fleet's stay
■n Australia.-
One point worth noting was
•hat as soon as the fleet left Syd-
iey and Melbourne the puritans
owled for a cleanup of the "red
Ight" quarters in both cities, and
he police and civic fathers got
msy on the Job. But pothlng
as said about cleaning up the
'red light" localities while the
leet was paying its visit.
The Three Ring Circus
Premier King Wants Strong Men to Hold Down Tariff
Italian Wages Fell
Under Fascist Rule
WHATEVER may he said of the
background, ' unquestionably
tlie parade of Mackenzie King and
his satellites, from the 0. P. B.
station to the Vanoouver-Hotel had
a very apt' foreground. A man carrying a sign, bearing the legend:
"Don't he a scab, be a man", and
announcing that carpenter's wages
in Vancouver were $7.00 per* day,
but tbat only $6.50 was being paid
on the new 0. P. R. Pier, headed
the procession for about two
blocks, after which he was moved
to a less consplclous place by one
of the guardians of the law. Local
carpenters should be congratulated
for having their sign in a place
where lt was so much needed.
The Arena, where Mackenzie
performed for about two hours,
was decorated with the usual electioneering slogans, such as "MOre
Grain Elevators; More Business;
More Work". In spite of the salutary advice set forth on the carpenter's sign no notices were displayed promising more wages or
more "eats", evidently that forms
no part of King's policy.
Grouped around th'e platform
was a motley assortment of office
holders and seekers, ranging all
the way from John Oliver to the
latest aspirant for a timber scaler's
job. This gang constituted what
might be termed the trained an-,
lmals; They applauded at regular
intervals regardless of whether the
remarks warranted lt or not. This,
however, was a wise procedure be
cause had they waited until applause was merited they would be
waiting yet.
Loquacity is Mackenzie's long
suit, but if ideas were 'trumps he
wouldn't take a trick. He started
off by telling how glad he was to
see such a large and enthusiastic
audience, but was careful to say
nothing about "Intelligent looking"
—ln this case a truthful if albeit
strange procedure. No one with a
belief in Divine punishment would
have dared such an assertion after
one look at the gang on the platform.
The humble raisin was elevated
to a state of International importance, and furnished the voluble
gentleman on the platform with
material to chew oil for a full fifteen or twenty minutes. Raisins,
in some miraculous manner, were
so inextricably bound up with the
tariff rate On harrows thftt it formed a sort of pivotal point on which
was hung this entire display of
garrulity. During the entire time
this momentous "problem" was being considered, John Oliver's face
wore a look of extreme Interest.
Probably he was figuring how a
market flooded with grape juice
would affect the price of "Heather
Dew". Anyway the Liberal government has apparently decreed that
the Babbits will get their iron in
the form of raisins while the miners of Nova Scotia will get theirs
ln the shape of cold steel.
A pathetic plea for "strong men"
from the West to assist King in
holding down the tariff, and hewing the corners off freight rates,
was made. Evidently we will have
to Induce "Strangler" Lewis to
stand for nomination, and send
him along, even if it should mean
withdrawing Jerry McGeer.
The audience was informed that
the Liberals were hoping to import a number of people into
Canada, to fill up the vacant spots;
but no mention was made of how
those already here were going to
be kept eating when jobs get
scarce. However, they can console
themselves with the reflection that
the tariff will be low, and the national debt reduced three dollars
on the million, and what more
could an unemployed and hungry
man ask for?
Economy is one of the main
planks ln King's policy, although
he made no mention of reducing
the wages of cabinet ministers.
Probably he forgot it. But the
gentleman has an insatiable desire
not to overfeed the sailors on tho
C. G. M. 'M.. He reiterated two or
three times that he was unalterably oposed to having every dollar
"saved on the railways eaten up on
the ocean." According to all reports this ls a continuation of an
old policy. The grub pile consumed on the high seas Is watched
with due care, as the gnawing feeling ln the stomachs of sailors on
government ships can mutely testify This is the one part of Kirjg's
policy that Is more than an election promise   He means It
16 Labor Candidates       Anti-Soviet War Cost      Prairie Labor Market
In Federal Election      Roumania 70 Millions       Already Overstocked
.erman Labor Sends
Delegation To U. S.
(Federated Press.)
BERLIN. —The Germain trade
'.nlon delegation, which is leaving
his month for America to study
rade union organization in the
Jnlted States, includes Husemann,
.resident of the Germ&n miners'
mlon, and Dr. Berger, a member
f the executive of the Miners'
While the official German trade
nlon movement has been willing
5 make a study of the American
.bor movement, the proposition
> send a delegation to Soviot
.ussia was rejected by the Bres-
iu trade union oongress. The
.nffress also refused to hear the
sport of the Unofficial delegation
t trade unionists which has re-
sntly returned from Russia.
The German trade unions,
-hlch are practically controlled
y the Sooial Democratic party,
,ave suffered a severe loss ln
lembership. At the recent Bres-
oonferenoe of the GermSh
'ederation of Trade Unions, the
iembershlp was given as 4,200,-
00, as against a peak member-
hip which at one time reached
high as eight millions. Mem-
ershlp in the Sooial Democratic
arty, according to its- owjn fig-
ires, has fallen from 1,400,000
n 1922 to 940,000 on April 1,
924, and again to 644,000 on
prll 1 of this year.
The number of Labor candidates
to .enter the federal contest now
stands at sixteen, for the Dominion of Canada.   These are:
Nova Scotia: Jim McLachlan,
South Cape Breton.
Ontario: A. E. Smith, Port Arthur; Jas. Simpson, Toronto.
Manitoba: J. S. Woodsworth,
Winnipeg North Centre; A. A.
Heaps, Winnipeg North; A. Henry,
Winnipeg South Centre; John Kelly, Winnipeg South; Allan Meikle,
St. Boniface.
Alberta: George Latham, Edmonton; James East, West Edmonton; Wm. Irvine, Calgary.
British Columbia: A. Sidaway,
Vancouver Burrard; W. W. Lefeaux, Vancouver Centre; A. Hurry,
Vancouver South; Dr. W. J. Curry,
Vancouver North; Rose Henderson,
New Westminster.
GENEVA—The Roumanian
debt funding commission is coming over here with a claim
against the United States for
$70,000,000. #hey are going to
say that Oscar Crosby, official
American representative to Roumania, joined the allies lp ordering Roumania to attack the Bolshevik army in Bessarabia in December, 1917. The Roumanian
government had sent 170,000,000
in gold to Moscow for safekeeping, and the attack o-. the Bolsheviks lost them their chance of
getting It back.
The U. S. state department will
very likely disclaim the action of
Crosby, and, tin any case, will
point out that Roumania occupied Bessarabia and kept lt. Bessarabia ls worth considerably
more than $70,000,000.
British Labor Speaker
Royal Theatre Sunday
*The speaker at the Royal Theatre on Sunday night next will be
Wilfred Wellock, of Great Britain.
Mr. Wellock was one of the Labor candidates at the general election in the Old Country, and is the
prospective Labor candidate for
Stourbridge at next election. He
Is the author of several books, and
has been very active In the No
More War Movement. During thc
war he served two years ln jail an
a conscientious objector Recent,
ly he has travelled extensively
through Europe, lecturing in the
interests of peace.
Highlights on This
Week's News
BRANDON, Man. —The labor
market in this locality is already
overstocked, although harvesting
operations are not yet completed.
The demand tor farm help is falling off rapidly, and today there
are more men than Jobs. Wages
are also coming down. The $6.00
per day wage prevalent during the
harvest now stands at $4.00, and
men are so plentiful that lt is
comparatively easy to obtain sufficient farm help at that figure.
A number of the eastern harvesters are leaving for home.
A few men are wanted for fall
ploughing, aind they are being offered a monthly wage of from
$40 to $50 per month. A little
road construction work is being
done, but jobs are gobbled up as
quickly aa they come. Mackenzie
King hasn't brought prosperity
yet to the farm hand.
(Federated Press.)
MILAN, Italy. —How Fascist
union-smashing has affected the
wages of Italian workers is shown
by carefully complied statistics
published in a recent-issue of'La
Glustizia, organ of the Reformist
Socialists. Since the time whqp
the Fascists seized power, breaking up the bona fide trade unions and attempting to substitute
for them the class-collaboration
fascist "unions," wages have fallen steadily and the eight-hour
day has ln fact been abolished ln
nearly every industry, although
nominally it ls still supposed to
The average reduction l,n wages
as between 1921 and 1924 In some
of the principal industries was:
Textile    15-18 per cent.
Machine    15-20 per cent.
Chemical    16-26 per cent.
Building   18-20 per cent
Wool   20-25 per cent.
Food    20-30 per cent.
Taking into account the oost of
living, La Gulstlzia finds that
whereas the trade unions had
forced real wages on an average
throughout the country to a standard above that of 1914 in the
years following the war, ln 1924,
after several years of Fascist dictatorship real wages had fallen to
as low as 79.66 per cent of the
1914 standard.
The heavy reductions ln wages
have compelled the workers to
accept two, three or even four
hourB a day overtime In nearly
every industry, in order to Uve.
In the Iron amd steel industry 75
per cent of the workers perform
three hours' extra work per day
and rallwaymen, post and telegraph workers, employed by the
state, work 10 hours or more a
day. A 12-hour day is now the
rule for agricultural labor, while
seamen on some Italian ships
work  16 hours a day.
Production at Kusbas
Colony Growing Fast
 " (Federated Press.)
CANADIAN              Page NEW   YORK.—Further    indus-
The Liberal Otaos ~     } *<**•   progress   in   the   Kemerovo
16 Labor Candidates In Canada      1 district of Siberia over which the
O.L.P. Campaign'Meetinga  Kusbas     Autonomous     Industrial
BRITISH polony has Jurisdiction, is report-
Labor Women Laud Russia      5 gg fcy tj,e uew York office of that
SZTC'fcffi!-.^:-" ? •*""*•■ The ooal m,n,n*pro-
gram'  as   reported   for   the   new
AMERICAN year ^jg for 700j0o0 tonBp an ln.
A. F. of L. Convention Report      2 —_._,_._.   _,*   an   *.**   n*»t    .„.,   thn
V. S. Bankers Fatten on Enrope     « crease  of  60  per  cemt.   over the
Jurisdiction   Fight   Ends       8 present  year.
Fascist! Break IUMan Wages      1 Pass  this   copy  to   your   ultop-
Horthy Institutes White Tenor.       8 —-,. ai.a -,» vim »« lubacrlb*.
Australian Seamen Whip Shipowner*     3 mu* ma ■" nm l0 •»D-,or'D-»'
Discuss War Against
British and Japanese
WASHINGTON. — Col. William
Mitchell, appearing before the
board of naval inquiry, foreshadowed impending military conflicts
on both coasts of the United
States, thus making an excellent
witness for American Jingoism.
"Japan is Intent*upon the policy
of holding Asia and the (ar east
for the Asiatics," he said. "Wo
are the only ones wj,0 can -hold
the Pacific for the white race."
Then shifting his testimony .to
the east coast, he deolared: "No
naval fleet can exist under an air
attack. Our navy is inferior to
Great Britain's, and I say that
1,000 planes could be rushed
across the ocean from England
and operate against us within
eight or ten days after their arrival in Canada."
Mitchell ls the leading figure
of a group of young aviation officers who are demanding a separate air force apart from the
army apd navy. They have opposed to them the old guard of
the war college and the navy
school. Mitchell and his fellow
dissenters appear to have the
backing of powerful groups. Mitchell ls under charges of court
martial because of certain unseemly things he Is alleged to
have said about the army.
Subscribe to The Advocate Page Two
Friday, October 9, 1925
Auto Mechanics Score      C.L.P. Candidates To
Local Shop Conditions
A. F. of L. Convention
Hears Annual Report
(By  Laurence  Todd,  Federated
Stage Many Meetings   Atlantic  city.*—Moderation
——   «^hhhH   of   tone  and   of   claims  of  recent
,_....', _ ,.,  progress, coupled with tributes to
Industrial   efficiency  has  prob-      A C.L.P. campaign meeting will ^ memory  Qf  Samue,   Gompers
ably  reached   a greater   stage  of be held in the Royal Theatre on  an(J  ^  warnlngs agalnBt Com.
development In the automobile In- Supday next (October llth)  at 8  miinlBtg pleag| marked the report
dustry than ini any  other.    Ford p.m.   The speaker will be Wilfred  Qf  the   e_.ecutlve   00llncll   of  the
has  literally turned  the  workers Wellock,   on  the  subject:   "What Amerloan Federatlon of Labor t0
ln his factories into human  ma- a    Majority    Labor    Government ^ mh annua- conV(.ntIoni whlch
chines.   But whatever may be the Would Attempt To Do.                            e(J here Qn Monday_
efficiency   in   the   production   of All C.L.P. candidates will be on      Membershl    thls year ,s shoWn
automobiles, the repairing of them the   platform   and   speak   briefly. tQ b_ , „g m   ag agalnst , m
is another question.' Angus Mclnnis will be chairman.    m  mt  year_   anfl   2926468   ,n
At the last meeting of the Van- 1923.    The   peak   of  membership
couver Trades and Labor Council South Vanconver                 wa8 reaohed in 1920 at 4,078,740.
the  delegate from  the Auto Me- a   South   Vancouver   campaign  By 1921 lt had fallen to 3,195,633.
chanlcs' Union pointed out that it committee  meeting  will  be  held                   New probing
was   customary  ip   most  garages on Monday, October 12th, ln the      _ , ...
Company unions, employers' in
surance,   employee   ownership   of
stock,   labor   banks,   and   the   B.
for  the  worke'rs  when  they  had Tecumseh  School,   43rd  and  Vic-
finished  one job  to  have   to  sit toria Road.    A meeting will also
and wait until the next job came be held on Monday, October 12th, „„.-.„*,„„ v„i,„«„„
, ..,     ..       ... _ _ ■■";» ._.'   _i_   •»   „„.,       _,_-,,   & O. pla<n of .co-operation between
along.    Meantime their pay stop- in McBride School, 29th and Cul- _      v. •    ... z
-    . . ..        .       '       T ,  ,       _     _ management and organized work-
ped as soon as they stopped work, loden street. .     discussed under the head
He thanked the delegates for ask-      a further meeting will be held *™ were discussed under tne head
bit for the union card whenever on the night, of Wednesday, Octo-  of "ew ™or_ V™™*™*    The w-
_v.      t   j •      .    -    t . v       «__,_    t     .1.     tuui,   rtv.,*ii  Port  declared  that  company  un-
they  had  occasion  to  go  into  a ber   14th,   In   the   Edith   Cavell  *• _. „     .   ,      _,
,     '   . „      _„,     .„.,  ions   are   fundamentally  designed
garage. School,    20th    avenue    and    Ash   .        „ . a     __...,_.   _,._
The Teamsters and Lathers ap- street.
plied  and   were  affiliated  to the 	
Council.   The former body report- North Vancouver
ed having takqp in 18 new mem-      A   campaign ^meeting   will   be tween'"unions" and The   manage-
to undermine and nullify the
trade union movement and defeat
the best Interests of the wage
workers,   while   co-operation   be-
bers at last meeting, and- one big held  in  North Vancouver on the  me^t" exemplified in "the B~ &°0
firm in the city was organized 99  night of^October 13th atj o'clock,  plan'of rallroad shop supervision',
por cent.
in the Empire theatre. W. W. Le-
may   strengthen   the   position   of
unions and Increase production.
Oppose Wage Cuts
The   Carpenters   reported   that  feaux and others WiU speak.
they    were    still    initiating    new 	
members and that the C.P.R. pier Burrard
was still on the unfair list to their      a   campaign   meeting   will   be      0'   wages,   the   conclusion    is
organization. held on the night of Wednesday,  stated «»t  "«-e lab°r movement
The Label Committee reported October 14th, In the Dancing « economically sound in Its pro-
holding a meeting on October 1st Academy, Oommercial Drive, te* again* wage reductions, and
and that they had mapped out a Grandview. A further meeting will « «■ socially correct in oppos ng
strenuous campaign for boosting be held on October 15th In the condtions that would lower the
the Union Label, and requested Finnish Hall, 2605 Pender street social standards of our nation. We
„_,,...._, „„„,. -r urge   upon  wage   workers   every-
all delegates to attend. east. k °      *" *
6    * where that they oppose wage re-
Council   protested   againBt   the ~ ductions"
employment of radio operators at Campaign  Committee Warnlng Aga|nst Commimlst8
less than the regular wages. Sev- n *■       A T_r.n_.__
eral up-coast stations are paying l_/QI_Cert and Dance      Under   the   heading,   'Warning
below the regular wage. -   Against     Communist     Activities,"
 ; i  The campaign committee of Dr.  the council says: "Among the pit-
'        , *, W. J. Curry, C.L.P. candidate for  falls   threatening    unwary    trade
Campaign MeeungS At       North Vancouver, will hold a con- unionists   are   Communist   organ-
Nnrth Van   and Hlhanns  cert and dance In the C.P. Hall,  lzatlons   and   activities   operntlng
1        °"'    "u WIMBWMO 666 Homer Btreet (between Duns-  under names adroitly designed to
mulr    and   Georgia    streets)    on  suggest    Identification    with    the
A   campaign   meeting,  will   be Wedneaday> October 14th. bona flde trade union movement.
held ln the K.P. Hall,  4th street      A muslcal program 1b be-  .   .   .   Among  such   undertakings,
west, North Vancouver, on Thurs- arranged and a g00d time is against which we hereby give spe-
day  evening,   October   15th,  at 8  assured     The   object  ls  to  ral8e  ciflc   warning,   are:   International
o clock.    Dr. W. J. Curry,  C.L.P.  the   .*slnews  of  war»  whlch  will Labor Defense Council,  American
candidate   for   North   Vancouver,  be needed ,_. the North Vancouver Negro   Congress,   Irish   Workers'
and others will attepd the meet-  conatltuenoyi    cbme and heip  ln and Peasants' Famine Relief Com-
the good work.   Collection. mittee,     International     Workers'
 ■ Aid,    and    the    Workers'    Party.
Ing.     ,_^^^^__^^^^^_
Come   and   hear   the   cause  of
the world's troubles and how labor  could effect a remedy.
World Co-operative
Bank Now Required
(By-Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON.—American,, cooperative societies and labor banks
would be eligible to affiliation
with the movement, reported by
consular representatives in Europe to the department of commerce, for a world bank to handle transactions between the cooperatives of the various nations.
Need for such an international
banking house, owned by the cooperative societies, is indicated by
the fact that in 1924 $200,000,000'
worth of goods were purchased
by the co-operative wholesale societies in Europe. In 1923 the
total of such purchases was only
$145,000,000. The British Wholesale Co-operative Society, with
headquarters at Manchester, Eng.,
bought $150,000,000 worth of
goods outside of Great Britain,
and $60,000,000 of these were purchased from foreign co-operatives.
British Co-ops. Busy
In the first 23 weeks of the
present year the British Co-operative Wholesale Society exported
four times as many goods to foreign and colonial societies as were
exported In the same period ln
1923. The English and Scottish
Co-operative Wholesale Societies
Jointly own tea plantations In
India and Ceylon and frult-buyln*
depots in Greece and Turkey. The
English society has trade agreements with producers' co-operatives ln Australia, New Zealand
and Denmark, and is exporting
bicycles to Sweden, while the
Scottish society owns wheat fields
and mills in Canada.
European Development
In the same way the Scandinavian, German, French and other European co-operative movements are developing great distributive and productive plants,
requiring banking facilities on a
big scale. The International Cooperative Alliance proposes that
each national movement perfect a
bank ' which shall concentrate' Its
financial resources,. and that an
International bank be created
upon the foundation of these -national co-operative banks.
In this consular report the Russian co-operatives are credited
with handling 30 per cent, of the
business of the Soviet Union.
Their trade with the English and
Scottish societies last year was
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 Metropolitan Bldg.
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Pacific
Bldg., 744 Hastings Bt. W.
HASKINS   6   ELLIOTT,   800   Ponder
Street W. Th* belt maker ot bicjelti
on eity termi.
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main St.
H. Harvey, 58 Cordova St. W.
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastings St. B,
Hannah Lund, 024 Birki Bldg., |Ith
Instant relief; evening! by appointment.
Sey.  1218.
Dr d. a. McMillan, palmer
Graduate. Open dally and evenings. Dawson Blk., eor. Hastings anl
Main.    Phone Sey. 8054.    '
Phono Ssy. 7137
Dr.  W. 3. Curry,  S01  Dominion
Red  Star Drug Store,  Cor.  Cordova and Carrall. 	
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 48 Has-
tings St. B.	
Cordova St. W„ tew doors weit of
Woodward's. Sey. 8887. Wholeiala and
retail window glass. •
■ men a *53J£yiooL
When I take into consideration These choices of field activity are
the agony of civilized life, the fail- indicative  of the methods  of the
ures, the anxieties, the tears, the Communists.   They seek out those
Dr. W. J. Curry will address a  wIthered hopes, the bitter realities, races and groups with grievances
campaign    meeting    at    Gibson's  the hunger, the crime, the humilla and foster discontent in the hope
Landing on the evening of Satur-  tion lho shame, I am almost forced of   inciting   uprisings   and   riots.
day,  October 10th. t0 s'ay that cannibalism, after all, They endeavor to destroy efforts
  is the most merciful form In which for   constructive   development   In
, „ ,,,.„j *,,«,,n his fellowman. order   that   there   may   be   more
Don't forget!   Mention th. Ad- man ha   lived Upon his fellwm      ^^    ^    ^^    ^
vocat. when buyln*. -Ingersoll. ^.^ ^^    Whether slncere
in their belief in the need for
world revolution, or only maliciously promoting trouble, the
Communists seek first the overthrow of the bona flde labor
The only federal legislation secured during the last session of
the U. S. Congress, aside from
salary and wage increases for certain federal employees and the
payment of withheld wages to
former-workers In the Bethlehem
Steel plant for war work, is a
raise of the compulsory school
age from 14 to 16 years In the
District of Columbia. However,
credit is also taken for abolition
of visa fees, ratification of the
Isle of Pines treaty, and agreement to celebrate the 200th anniversary of George Washington's
War    has    made    many    great
whom peace makes small.—Milton.
To any one who
will prove that
anything stated in
this ad il mil-
re p r eiented or
To purchaso direct from the manufacturer a flne quality suit made
         of pure  wool  valued   at  $50.00.
Strictly hand-tailored to your measure, serge or worsted.    Latest models.     Single  or $4.00
double-breasted   for   ONLY -.—u„      ■*■*,_..__.
Send No Monoy—Write for onr Special Offer. Pemci
Pit and Satisfaction guarantied
d»1f|.00   VALUE PURE SILK HOSE FOR ONLY    <j» -J .OO
Six Pair XtadiM'
light or hatty ****
fashioned pnre SILK
HOSE valued at $10
for only
••aranUod    Period
and   Plnort   Quality
Twelvo  Pair  VJen's
light or heavy pnre
SILK HOSE valued
at |10 for only
Write us at once for
full bargain offer to
5-Tube Radio Set
Send sclf-nddresspd. stnmned
envelope—for full pm-tlen-
lnrs regarding this OFFER.
SUA   Broadwiav.   New  York.
' N.Y.
Grandview Hoipital—Medical, mrg-
leal, maternity. 1000 Victoria Drivo.
High.  137.	
Famous  Cloak  &  Suit  Co.,   610
Hastings West.
Hudaons Bay Coy., Granville St.
W.  B.  Brummitt,   18-20  Cordova
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main St.
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and Hast-
. Ings Streets.
W.  B.   Brummitt,   18-20  Cordova
Street. *,
V paired, by expert. Will Edmonds,
965 Robson  St.    Sey. 2004.
Pitman Optical House,  616 Hastings West.
Gregory   &   Reid,   117   Hastings;
Street East.
Canada Pride Range Co., 846 Hastings Street East,
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carrall (j
C. E. Heard, 960 Robson Street.
TYjTHEN a crisis comes and
someone at a distance
must' be reached quickly,
the long-distance telephone
will prove Its worth.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany
We Havo Somo Oood Buyi In
Cash   Payments  Ai  Low  As  *¥&**
Phone Soy. 7406   '    1366 OranviUe St.
Soy. 486 32 Hutingi St. B.
The Electric Shop Ltd.
Sey. 6789 414 Haitingi Si W.
I am a firm believer in the real
brotherhood of peoples, and look
upon the union of men under one
world-wide Government, as certain
ln time to come.—Sir Charles DHke
Oh God! that bread should be so
dear and flesh and blood so cheap.
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd;
■■■,   ; 3—STORES—3
48 Haitingi St. Bait, Soy. 988-672     666 Oraaville Stent   Soy. 8613-1381
151 Hastings  Street West ....Sey. 18T0
"SAT IT WITH .FLOWERS" Friday, October 9, 1925
Page Thre*
Soviet Will Import        f Horthy Kegime in iNew
iu,uuu "iron Horses'      Terror Against LaDo.
J.eamen's Union' Whips    Speeding Up Causes
Ship Owners' Combine Railroad Layoffs
MOSCOW. — The Narkomsem
(department of agriculture) ottne
u.&.o.i.. is piujuuiug to distribute
next year among the peasants
13,01)0 tractors with spare parts.
Of these, jlu,_80 tractors will be
imported and 2,970 will be manufactured ih the U.b.fcS.K. The cost
of these tractors will be 42,000,-
uuo  rubles.
With the increase of the use ot
tractors in different parts of the
umon, 1,^00 repair stations will
ba established during the year of
int.- '. _   ^^
. There is now a big demand for
tractor runners and mechanics in
the U.S.S.R. The organizations
which are distributing the tractors are organizing special courses
to meet this need. It iB anticipated that within a short period
26,000 men will graduate from
these courses. This will mean the
services of two men for each tractor in the U.S.S.R-.
Workers of Australia
Fight Deportation Law
1 *       *. a
(By Federated Press)
MELBOURNE, Australia — A
strong protest has geen entered by
unionists throughout Australia
against the action of the anti-labor
Federal government In passing the
Deportation Bill and amending the
Navigation Act. Both these measures were rushed through the federal parliament at express speed,
in the Interests of* the employers.
The -Deportation Bill provides
the power to deport union leaders
and prominent organizers, providing they are not born in Australia,
and will doubtless be used to intimidate the workers whenever a
strike threatens. If the workers
\\i could be thus intimidated, employers would lose no time in reducing
wages,, lengthening hours and
breaking down present working
The amendment to the Navigation Act provides that whenever
the government is satisfied that the
Australian ' shipping companies
cannot handle the local traffic on
the coast, the overseas vessels can
be called in to do so. Cheap labor
crews would then be employed on
the Australian Coast at rates of pay
ln some cases less than half the
ruling rate for Australian workers.
So this ls the paper you have
been wanting?    PrOve it by sup-
[   porting it with your subscription
and those of your neighbors and
Stay at tiie
Tbe Plaoe Called Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
Phone Sey. 8121
200  Elegantly Furnished
10 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate  Prices
VIENNA.—Reports trom Budapest state that the Horthy white
guard dictatorship has arrested
more than luO workers and radical leaders.
Among those reported seized
are Matthais Kakosi and Zolto,u
Weinberger, leaders of the Hungarian workers. Budapest papers
are carrying violent attacks on
the arrested workers, pretending
that a "plot to assassinate" north*
was being planned.
Horthy's massacres of hundreds
of workers and the barbarous
tortures of thousands imprisoneu
following the overthrow of the
Hungarian Soviet rtgime, headeu
by bela KU|U, has made the Horthy clique apprehensive of ever>
movement, however mild, of the
The 'Federation Regional de
Trabajadores de El Salvador" has
just reached the end of its first.
year's activities and it can certainly point to very gratifying results.
It has organized many new trade
unions. The Trade Unton Federation now has 26 affiliated organizations, two of which have already
organized several very successful
strikes. The Trade Union Federation- of Salvador pays great attention to the organization of women
The wages of women workers are
on an average only a quarter of the
men's wages, although the women's
hours are nearly everywhere the
same as the men's. Another useful piece of work done is the institution of a workers' educational
club and a library.
Chinese Workers Greet
Delegates Jb'rom Kussia
SHANGHAI, (Tass)-—The delegation of the All-Russian central
Council of Trade Unions were tiv-
en a hearty ovation by the Shanghai Council of Labor Unions.
Although the trade union activities in the international settlement
have been suppressed and tne union activities in the town are controlled by the Mukden autnorities,
the Chinese leaders pointed out,
the spirit of the Chinese workers
on strike was excellent.
There are over .150,000 operatives employed by the English and
Japanese on strike drawing 6 dollars from the Shanghai council.
The council spends a sum of $1,-
200,000 monthly in strike relief.
So far most of this sum has been
collected in the interior of China.
It is very necessary that China receive international assistance, as
the strike continues to spread and
more funds are needed.
There are 128 unions affiliated
with the Shanghai council.
Shoe Workers in Guatemala are
on strike, demanding, (1) that a
prohibitive tariff be placed upon
-imported shoes, and (2) that the
Chinese competition of the industry be forced to charge the same
prices as the other shops, five hundred shoe workers continue the
strike which they begun early in
Germany Kicks Out
Fiery Crdss Leader
BERLIN, Germany—The' German prototype of the Knights of
the Fiery Cross were given short
shrift in Germany. Gotthard
Stroschein of Chicago, was given
six days to pack up his bags and
leave Germany. This deportation
of the former Lutheran minister of
Chicago, came as a result of his
attempt to found an organization
similar to the ku klux klan in Germany.
Otto Stroschein, father and accomplice of Gotthard, was given to
understand that that kind of nonsense won't go. He is allowed to
remain as he proved his German
Gotthard is now in Warsaw, and
Intends to return to America at an
early date.
The "Wage Act," passed during
the recent sesion of the Union Parliament, seeks to regulate the rate
of wages and all other conditions
of employment for any employee in
any business, excepting farming,
domestic service, and one or two
other types of employment.
Costa Rlcan cities report an influx of migrant farmers, Whose abandonment of the rural districts
and farm labor occupations is said
to be retarding the agricultural development of the country.
German oversea emigration during the second quarter of 1925 has
increased by 2,700 persons (from
14,845 to 17,605) as compared with
the first quarter of the year.
The number of unemployed in
Sweden showed a continuing decrease through the past summer,
with a commensurate decline in
the number of persons receiving
State aid.
Why is it that 90 per cent, of the
people must live In a condition but
little, if any, better than that of
their ancestors who knew nothing
of the methods of wealth production in vogue today?—A. M.
The first school of public health
to be established in Mexico is authorized by a recent presidential
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and
^ steel, McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride,
installed free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or $2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Limited
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
(Federated Press)
NEW ORLEANS—Backing up
the open shop interests the state of
Alabama has organized at Gadsden
the Alabama School of Trades and
Industries and proposes to teach ln
three months the rudiments of a
trade which the trade unions demand three years shall be taken ln
order to thoroughly school the apprentice. Fifty young Americans
are on the ground from various
sections of the state. All trades
will be taught.
(Federated Press)
SYDNEY, Australia—The Seamen's union has won out in its
fight against the Shipping Combine
in Australia. The strike has been
declared off, and the vesels at the
various ports are now being manned as quickly as possible. The
shipowners have agreed to endorse
the rates of pay and working conditions on the ship's articles, arrange fortnightly payment of
wages, and allow time off every
month for stop-work meetings. The
men, on their part, have given way
to the owners on several minor
points, but the result of the settlement is undoubtedly a big gain for
the seamen.
Accident insurance for public-
school children is to be' provided
by the Government of Zurich,
Switzerland, as has already been
done ln Bern and Bazelland. At
present 150 communities ln Zurich
are providing this insurance paying an average of 1,000 francs in
case of accidental death, 6,000 in
case of disability, and 3 francs a
day for medical treatment.
Profits on Increase
But Wages Come Down
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press)
Industrial profits for the first 6
months of 1925 showed a gain bf
21.7% over the same period of 19-
24, according to an analysis of the
income accounts of 42 large and
representative corporations by the
Cleveland Federal Reserve bank.
After all deductions except dividends these 42 companies reported
profits of $237,672,332 between
January and June, 1925 compared
with $195,315,110 in the first half
of 1924.
This is an extraordinary record
in view of the fact that the business world is making considerable
complaint about the narrowness of
present profit margins. Total
wages paid by manufacturing concerns in the same period were
more than 1% lower in 1925 than
in 1924.
Dividend and interest payments
on October 1 established a new
high record for quarterly disbursements. The investing class received checks for $427,202,000
compared with $402,250,000 on
Oct. 1, 1924.
The Standard Oil group is paying the largest dividends of any
third qbarter in its history. Its
stockholders will receive checks
for $34,899,348 as their share of.
the profits of the last three months
compared with 34,712,810 for he
same quarter of 1924. This brings
total dividends paid Standard OU
stockholders so far this year to
$110,954,558 with the prospect of
over $150,000,000 for the year as
a whole. Says The Wall Street
"The owners of the country's oil
resources are getting annual dividends equivalent to 113% on their
original investment."
(Federated Press)
CLEVELAND—Heavy layoffs of
engine service men as a result of
the speeding up tactics of railroad
management and motor competition threaten the close relations between the two big engine Bervice
brotherhoods that have existed
since 1912. A ballot is being taken
by divisions of the Brotherhood of
Locomotive Engineers on the abrogation of the Chicago Joint Agreement. This agreement regulates
job relations between members of
the Engineers' and Firemen's organizations.
The present difference hinges on
technical mileage and seniority
rights. With .many engine service
men being thrown out of jobs these
questions are unusually acute and
concern the limitation of monthly
mileage allowed to any one man
and the exercise of the engineer's
seniority right to take over a fireman's job in case of a layoff.
Railroad Workers
Discuss Insurance
DETROIT—(FP)—The 600 delegates to the United Brotherhood
of Maintenance of Way Employees
and Railway Shop Laborers are
discussing a comprehensive insurance department at their triennial
convention in Detroit where the
union's headquarters are. The union's palmiest days were during
wartime government control of the
railroads when it numbered hundreds of thousands of members on
the rolls.
Following the 1922 shop strike,
in which it did not participate
though the membership voted over
90 per cent, in favor of a walkout,
it was deflated but has rallied since
and shows a small but encouraging
increase from 1923 to 1924, when
it reported a membership of 38,300
to the American Federation of Labor, The brotherhood had been
suspended for 3 years from the A.
F. of L. for refusal to accept convention rulings. It reentered in
As the people make everything,
they are entitled to houses and
goods. If they cannot pay an economic rent, obviously they do not
get an economic wage.—George
Patronize Our Advertisers.
Anthracite Strike
Hits R.R. Companies
NEW YORK—(FP)—The success of the anthracite miners in
their strike for a wage increase
and adjustment of wages of men
doing equal work is indicated by
the loss of traffic of the anthracite
railroads. The roads report a loss
of 700 cars a day out of their normal carrying capacity of 1,000 cars
of anthracite coal. The 300 cars
a day they carry come from stored
15,000 railroad workers have
been laid off because of the anthracite strike and consequent reduction of freight. The railroad
workers take this lay off cheerfully, believing the miners deserve the
Solid Leather Shoes
OUR SHOES are cheap, but we carry only the best
quality, whether dress, school or working shoes-
You will not find any "juiik" or poorly made shoes
in our store.
Specials For Tills Week
Children's Slippers, clearing at   $1.46 snd $1.96
Ladles'  Sample Shoes, regular to $7 Ior  $2.96
Boys* School Shoes   $2.16 and $2.05
Men's Work Boots (tho famous "Skookum")   $3.96 and $4.96
Men's Dress Shoes, up to $10 values for »  $4.95
163 HASTINGS STREET EAST . *K_8$5 Ptf• Four
Friday, October 9, 1925 j
&dikrU& Hpa^e
Address  All  Letters  ajnd
Remittances to the Bdltor
Up (Eattata Sabot Afrrorat?
1139 Howe Street, Vanconver, B.C. ,^!_.?S?.....^,LJi?L.
:: Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
MAN, ENGLISH, intelligent,
wants work. Used to pick and
shovel. The above is taken from
a recent copy of the "Star," and
seems to be wrong somewhere. It
might be objected to on tbe
grounds tbat George Bernard Shaw
takes, tbat "a man cannot be intelligent and English at the same
time." That, of course, Is Shaw's
objection, but ours Is a more
weighty one. We do not see how:
a man claiming- to have any Intelligence would advertise for work
as a pick and shovel artist.
* •   »
TN THE PUBLISHED list of dele-
gates tbat met Mackenzie
King at the 0. P. R. depot, (rom
the Salvation Army lassie to the
janitor of the Liberal headquarters,
no mention was made of the most
prominent feature of the parade,
John OUver not excepted. *, At the
head of the procession as it left
the depot was the only honest man
ln the entire collection He carried
a sign bearing the inscription:
"Carpenters Wages in Vancouver
are $7.00. The 0. P. R. pays $6.60.
Be a Man. Don't Scab. Unfortunately he was sidetracked by a
"bull" who was blind to the criminals ln his rear.
* *   »
INJUNCTIONS have some utility
after all, much as we may hate
to admit it. Generally they are
applied against Labor organizations
only, but recently some warrior
like church people ln Edmonton,
who apparently do not believe ln
turning tho other cheeck, bave
taken advantage of this weapon,
and havo prevented a priest of the
Greek-Catholic Church from holding forth. We do make some progress after all.
* *   »
EDUCATION is a cloak used to
J-J cover many strange and weird
doctorines, and like charity, it
covers a multitude of sins. The
latest contortion it has been subjected to, comes from* the meat
pocking- industry. A few day ago
tlie dally press told us about a
gentleman engaged in the lucrative
pastime of raising the cultural level
of Oriental workers by converting
them from cereal eaters to meat
eaters, and this is characterized as
educating the "masses in China
and Japan". Oh trade, what atrocities are committed in thy namet
* •   *
•PEO. D. IRELAND, relief officer
for the City of Vancouver, ls
badly troubled over the morals of
western harvesters. He informed
the City Council a few days ago
that many harvest workers were
gathering in Western towns and
cities and spending money recklessly. Evidently a man who works
on a farm has no right to spend
his wages in ways suitable to himself. One wonders whether Ireland
"blows In" more money daring the
course of a year than do the men
he refers to, and how be would
like to have someone watching
with eagle eye, every nlckle he
Where  does  the  farmer  get  the
From the hive!
Where does the magnate get the
money? ,
Man alive.
From you and me and all of us,
The grime and sweat and thrall of
That foil and moil and* dig and
delve     and     dive!
—Franklin Kent Gifford.
npHE CLASS STRUGGLE in Great Britain is daily becoming
more acute. The British capitalist class note with fear
and trembling the growing might of organized Labor, and are
preparing to resist by all means at their disposal any attempt
the workers may make to .secure political power. All that
coterie of idle vampires who never performed one single
useful day's work in all their parasitical existence, but who
live on the fruits of those who toil, are preparing with frantic
haste for future eventualities. Fearing to risk their own
precious skins, they are .not only banding themselves together,
but are endeavoring to gather into their ranks their next of
kin—the offal of the working class and the hangers-on of
capitalist society. The workers, driven with the lash of unemployment and reduced living standards, are also marshalling their forces. Premier Baldwin, after promising that the
miners' wages would not be reduced, now threatens that if
they refuse the proposed cut they will not be permitted to
draw unemployment relief. The 'miners have replied by
threatening to boycott the coal commission, and are meeting
today to consider the situation. The clouds of class conflict
hang low over the Old Land. On one side stands the mighty
productive army of Labor, without whom nothing can be
accomplished. On the other side stands those who neither
toil nor spin, but who live in luxury, knowing no want that
can not be satisfied.
• aaa*
AN ARMY OF REPRESSION is being built up by the British
master class. It is not being done secretly or under cover,
but in the full light of day, and apparently with the full
approval of the government. This army is divided into four
separate categories. First, "special constables," who obviously are meant for open struggle. Second, operatives of
railway transport. Third, drivers of motor vans and lorries-
Fourth, messengers in the' event of strikes in the telegraph,
postal and communication service. The president of this aggregation is Lord Hardinge of Penhurst, and his council is
alleged to contain such men as Major-General the Earl of
Scarborough, the Earl of Ranfurly, Admiral Jellicoe and
Viscount Falkland. The purpose of the organization is obviously militaristic; i.e., to subject the workers by force of
arms. Although "officially" it is non-political, it has the
approval of the British government, not "officially," but the
approval nevertheless. Its own officers admit that thc government is fully aware of its action, and Sir William Joynson-
Hicks was reported in the daily papers a few days ago to
have admitted that he had given the body a "partial blessing," and had advised a certain friend to join the organization as a patriotic duty. Thus the capitalist class of the
British Isles are baring their fangs and coming out in their
true colors, with the avowed intention of smashing the workers' organizations.
* *        t        *        *
TVjECESSITY, NOT CHOICE, impels the workers of Britain
to move forward in their battle for bread. Unemployment and want is widespread, industry is in chaos, and a
number oi those employed in manufacturing find themselves
pitted against the coolie standards of the Orient, while these
same Oriental workers are in turn held in subjection by white
workers in uniform, aided by a native constabulary. Thc
countries into which, up until a few years ago, the products
of British labor were poured are today exporting the same
kind of commodities. Capitalism as a social system can no
longer meet the wants of mankind, but the privileged class
it has created refuse to conform to society's needs, and are
arming to maintain their position. The Canadian daily press
remains dumb on this question, but when John Wheatley
suggested at a meeting in Glasgow that Labor should prepare
for battle, our local papers screamed in glaring headlines
that ten million workers were being armed in Britain. Every
effort is made to keep the workers in each country ignorant
of the position of their comrades in other places. A censorship of silence on truth and a campaign of misrepresentation
exists throughout the entire country. Our masters are also
preparing to aid their brothers across the sea- Our duty
is to make clear to Canadian workers the actual conditions
obtaining in Britain, so that they are not fooled into aiding
the financiers of Wall Street and London.
Saving Uncle Sam
B. Kellogg,
-(FP)  — Frank
_________________^__, whom organized
labor and the farmers of Minnesota kicked out of his senatorial
seat at their first opportunity by
a majority running toward 100,-
000, was rewarded for his faithfulness by appointment, at the
hand of President Coolidge, as
ambassador to Great Britain and
then as secretary of state.
That fact has.to be home in
mind when his order of exclusion
against Shapurjl- Saklatvala, the
only India-born and Communist
member of the British parliament,
coming as a delegate to the Inter
Parliamentary Union, is considered. Kellogg was once characterized, in a St. Paul speech by
the late Senator LaFollette, as
having cringed so long and so low
to do the bidding of special privilege, that Gog Almighty had
stamped lt upon him for all men
to see. Certainly his black silk
knee breeches and dress sword,
worn at court functions ln London,
delighted his soul.
These facts in turn must be remembered when the London tory
press appeals to Kellogg in Washington to discredit a man whose
speeches in parliament, analyzing
and flaying the British imperial
enslavement of the people of
India, have given high hope to
the advocates of actual self government for that dominion.
Chairman Borah of the Senate
foreign relations committee, who
had read the full text of Saklat-
vala's most radical speech before
hn advised President Coolidge
against permitting Kellogg to turn
this trick for British imperialism,
says the speech is an able and
fearless one, showng great learning and high ability. He thinks
the exclusion from the international gathering in Washington of the
only spokesman of 300,000,000
people in India will be resented
by the people of India, and will
cost the' British empire a heavy
price. He charges that Kellogg
simply intervened in a political
dispute within the empire. To the
extent that he identified the United
States with British imperialism he
has done irreparable Injury tb
American prestige throughout the
Borah says he will ask Congress
to repeal the sedition law under
which men who hold "dangerous
thoughts" are still subject to wartime restrictions ln coming to our
shores. He will also raise the
question as to how far the United
States government is to serve as
errand-boy and detective for the
British empire, when the imperial
policy is one of training the dark-
skinned peoples to manufacture, at
coolie wages, goods which shall
compete with the products of American white labor. India is important to British imperialism because India has a vast resource of
cheap labor, and offers a reserved
market for British-made goods,
while her raw materials give Britain a special advantage ln the
markets of the world.
Fascisti Delegates
Get Hot Reception
(Federated Press.)
NEW YORK.—New York ItalJ
lans staged three monster demonj
strations of protest against fa
cism when the Italian delegate
to the inter-parliamentary union"
arrived on the steamer DuHUo]
Despite large numbers of privab
detectives, police and soldiers)
gathered at the pier at the request
of the Italian ambassador, several
thousand local Italian workers!
gathered two blocks from tha
dock when the ship arrived ana
caused consternation among the|
fascist  delegates.
The demonstrators were did
persed by police reserves after thej
delegates had been spirited tq
their hotels, but gathered again
outside one of the city's largest
hotels, where the delegates were
supposed to stop. Again thes
were dispersed and gathered!
around the fascist league head!
quarters, where they gave a rousl
i*ng demonstration of their hatred
for the oppressive government o\
Think of the selfishness of "our
betters." It forms the background
of all their thinking and the very
texture of their philosophy of life.
The god of their lives ls worldly
success, and their whole verbal
currency reeks with it. "Get on or
get out," "Business is business,"
"Nothing succeds like success"—
such vile catch phrases unveil the
naked deformity of their souls ln
all their foul Indecency,—E. Brown
in London "Justice."
—Meets leeond Monday in the mom*
Preildent, J. ft. White; iecretary, R. "
Neelanda.    P. 0. Box 86,	
111, 819 Pender Bt. West. BusinesJ
meeting! lit and 3rd Wedneiday. eveif
Inn, R. H. Neelandi, Chairman; E, H
Morriion, See.-Treai.; Angm Maclnnid
8544 Prince Edward Street, VaneouvoJ
B.C., Corresponding Seoretary.
Any district in British Co.umbl* de]
siring information re securing speak*?]
or the formation of local branches, king
ly communicate with Provincial UecrV
tary J. Lyle Telford, 624 Birks BUlgJ
Vancouver,    B.C.    Telephone    Beymoul
1382, or Bayvlew 6620.	
Meets second Thursday every montl
in Holden Building. President, J. Brighjf
well;   financial   secretary,   ii,   A   Botr
ron, 781 13th Ave. East.	
-28—Meets first and third Fridays i|
the  month  at  145  Hastings  W.,  at
p.m.     President,   R.   K.   Brown,   252|
Charles   St.;   secretary-treasurer,   Georq
Harrison,   1182 Parker St.
—Local 882—Meets every Wednesdsl
at 8 p.m., Room 808, Holden Bulldlnf
President, Charles Price; business a'gen
and financial secretary, F, L. Hunt;
cording secretary, J. T. Venn,	
UNION, Loeal 143, A. F. of U.-^
Meets ln G.W.V.A. Hall, Seymonr «U
Pender Streets, seeond Sunday' at ll
a.m. President, E. 0. Miller, 991 Mel
son itreet; secretary, E. A, Jamlesou
991 Nelson street; flnanclal secretar!
W. E. Williams, 991 Nelson street; oi
yanlser, F. Fletcher, 991 Nelson jtreej
UNION OF CANADA—Hcadquarteri
at Rooms 6, 8 and 7, Flack Building
188 Hastingi Btreet W., Vancouver, B.U
Tel. Bey. 8898. President, Robert Thonl
Vice-President, David Gillespie; Bse'j
Treasursr, Wm. H. Donaldson. VletorJ
Branch, Room 11, Green Block, Broa,
Btreet, Victoria, B.O. Phone 1908,
President, R. P. Pettlplece; vlce-prei
ident, O. F. Campbell; secretary-treal
urer, R, H. Neelands, P.O. Box tti
Meets last Sunday of saeh month at j
p.m. In Holden Building, 18 Hastings
UNION    No.   418—President,   S.
Maedonald;    secretary-treasurer,   J.
Campbell,   P.O.   Box   889.     Meets   la|
Thursday of each month.	
Babor A&worati
With Which It Incorporated
By the Labor Publishing Oo.
SuilMii ud Bditorlal Offlee,
 1199 How* Bt.
The Canadian Labor Advocate is a non
factional weekly newspaper, giving news]
ol the fanner-labor movement In action;
Subscription  Rates:   United  States
foreign,  12.60 per year;  Canada,  ti
per year, fl for six months; to naion
subscribing in a body,  18s per aeml
ber per  month. f
Member The Federated Press and Ttq
Brltlih Laber Press tiday, October 9, 1925
Page fiv
(By Soott Nearing, Federated Press.)*
JNDON. — Four women prominent in the llrltlsh trade union
ovemeht paid an official visit to
Soviet   Uiiio(u  in April,  May
June,   1925.    They  devoted
eir    attention    particularly    to
onditions   affecting   the   work,
nth and general conditions of
women and children of Bus-
"   Their report has been pub-
tied by W. P. Coates, 3 Adam
feet, Adelphi, London.
/omen,   according   to   the   re-
tot,   are   piaying  a   considerable
art in tHe public life of Soviet
Russia.   They are active in many
the traue unions, they are be-
S elected to positions of political
fesponsibihty, and they have edu-
itional opportunities and protec-
against ill-health and   over-
Jork auch as were undreamed of
(aider the czar.
.Revolutionary Changes
The repuw states:  "Upiy those
tho  Know something of the fortier   complete   enslavement,   iilit-
racy   auu   general  ignorance   of
Ihe    peasant   women    in    czarist
ftussia. can appreciate the cnange
nat   has   been   Drought  auuut  in
e cuiiuitions of lue and ouuook
tne  peasant  women  of   today,
pre-ievolutionary days she hau
lusonueiy    no    rights — political,
hconouiic  or  even   human.     Wow
•he peasant woman has ueen g.ven
jmuaiuy  of opportunity.    Thus  a
■vouiau  may uow  worn the  land
bn aer own beiiaii, she is empowered and encouraged to take part
the village meetings and in ao-
piot elections,   ootn as  voter  and
ka cauuidate.   Tue woman has an
Bquai   rignt   to   tne   harvest   and
sijpurty   of  the   larm,   ol   which
she ib always an equal member."
t'lie peasant women are also taking  advantage  of  educational facilities   to   a   considerable   extent.
Jn tne question of the family the
eport   states   that,   while   many
iges  have   been made  against
Soviet  Union .as  a  destroyer
'—   tite   home   and   of   morality,
''there is at least *no more immorality  in the  U.S.B.K.   today   than
e;*.ifttB in other countries, and certainly, so fur as we could judge,
(here is less immorality there now
than there was in pre-revoiution-
flays." besides, "all the talk about
e destruction of family life and
.implications are based on the
fact   that  the   Soviet  authorities,
well as the most progressively
unded women ln the Soviet Union,   desire  the more active  a-pd
[intelligent participation of women
public,   trade   union,   political
a.0. international affairs." In or-
to bring about this result, the
[authorities are making every ef-
|tort   to   "free   women   from   her
e-long    domestic    drudgery —
from the constant tyranny of her
tpota   and   pans   and   washtuba."
■This   result   ls   to   be   attained
[through the development of com-
rion dining rooms and of co-operatives.
Equality ol Sexes
Relative equality exists between
[the sexes in legal matters.    The
property of the woman does not
go to her husband at marriage.
Is or does a woma^p- alter her citizenship by matrimony. "The
woman, being looked upon as the
equal of tne man, does not on
marriage lost her identity ln that
of her husband."
As a general conclusion, the
delegates state: "As to the question of whether the Soviet government is accepted by the people
who live under' it, we have no
hesitation i|U giving a very emphatic Yes."
The reprint ends j with the
words: "So far this experiment
has resulted in bringing about
enormous benefits for the toiling
masses of Russia; these benefits
are lasting and are likely to become more and more widespread
as the economic position of the
country recovers from the blows
dealt it by world imperialism and
capitalism, and from the ruin a)nd
miseries it has inherited from the
czarist regime."
NEW YORK. —Viscount Grey,
foreign minister ln Premier As-
quiths war cabinet, has just published his memoirs, in which he
declares that* President' Wilson,
as early as 1916, had decided to
join the war on the side of the
Lord Grey writes that fyi February of 1916 Col. E. M. House,
the president's confidential spokesman, submitted a memorandum
to Lord Grey, later approved by
Wilson, which pledged America's
support to the allies. Lord Grey
also * "absolves the kaiser of guilt
for beginning the war."
He said Europe was an armed
camp' and war was inevitable in
1914. The same thing, he observes, is true today. It will be
recalled that pre-war documents
gleaned from various European
archives held Lord Grey as responsible for the war as anyone.
Don't Fail To Read—
The Most Remarkable Novel
of the 20th Century
rggigs^ Reality I
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Phone Sey, 1070
748 Bichards. Street, Vancouver, B.O.
Specialist Id Trusses for Men, Women,
Ohlldren ant Infants
Phone Sty. 8880
958 Bobson Street, Vanconver, B.O.
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A fighting labor press can't be
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sub today.
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Gentlemen: For the $1.00 enclosed please enter my name for one
copy of "Prostitutes," before the
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City and State..
Will Cure Tou Rheumatism,  Lumbago, Neuritis or Bad Cold
744 Hastings St. W. Phone (tay. 8070
Get Yonr New Coat at
YOU will reap the benefit in
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619-023 Hastings Street Wert
MOSCOW—The number of rural
■reading huts in Siberia is steadily
[growing. Their present number is
tabout 1,700 of which 82 are run in
(other languages than Russian.
In the year 1925-26, the chief
J board of political education plans
[to open 280 reading huts in Arm-
' enlan villages.
A number of workers are being
trained at Erivan to become read-
1 ing-hut librarians.
The  right arm  of Labor  is *
strong press.    Add power to this
, arm by subscribing to THE CAN-
Naughty Children
QUITE recently, one of our local
magistrates came to the conclusion that he could solve the
problem of naughty children—delinquent adolescents, the reporter
called them—by lining the parents
instead of punishing the children.
Considering we are as yet only in
the twentieth century of grace,
that is quite an advanced opinion
—for a magistrate. If we only
wait long enough, magistrates will
arise who will blame the state for
its naughty children—adult and
otherwise. In other words, some
time or other, people ,will realize
that it is the social system which
turns out poor citizens, incapable
parents and naughty children.
We can take some encouragement from the progress already
made, recollecting that it is not so
very~ long ago since insanity was
regarded as a sin, and treated accordingly. But we still punish the
victims of our social iniquities. We
still fail to take into consideration all the thousand factors which
go to the making of an individual
character—factors over which the
Individual has no control. We are
still content to consider effects—
surface results—and care little or
nothing for deep lying reasons. The
magistrate who decides on
fining the unfortunate fathers of
unfortunate youngsters reflects the
unthinking stupidity of the age,
and makes justice what it so often
appears to be, merely a sordid
revenue hunt. Among the dispossessed and disinherited chiefly.
The treatment of delinquent children and delinquent parents for
that matter, need not be left to the
Mllennium for its solution. There
is enough imagination in the world
for us to imagine the case of the
other fellow; there is enough misdirected energy to seek real remedies, and there is enough scientific
knowledge to keep us going for
awhile if the same scientific knowledge were only aplied. Unfortunately, our sterotyped education
does not cultivate imagination,
leisure ls side tracked and modern
science Is like modern Christianity,
useful in theory, but impossible
when it comes to practice.
As aforesaid, lt will take some
little time before society will deal
decently with its naughty children.
It remains therefore, for the individual parents to do their best
under the circumstances, and when
they feel Inclined to. whack Johnny and send him to bed without
supper to remember these golden
1. Naughtiness ls really energy—
sometimes real intelligence—that
school and work and home do not
2. There's always a reason for
3. Solomon's golden rule about
sparing the rod and spoiling the
child hasn't got us very far, after
4. Children do' a great deal of
conscious and unconscious imitating, and if they parody once in a
while, it should be a lesson to adults.
5. As long as grown-ups continue to play the hypocrite; as long
as they don't preach what they
practice, and practice what they
don't preach; as long as they get
into vile tempers, and thieve and
deceive and tight ^which is really
what their trade, commerce, international systems and general
jungle show amount to), just so
long shall we have naughty children. And whereas, one is justifiable in laughing at the naughtiness of children nine times out of
every ten, one cannot laugh at
adult greed and pugnacity,
6. Discipline, which is generally
another name for bullying, tyranny, "might over right," etc., has
given to the world, a willing army
of wage-slaves.
7. All mothers and fathers have
it in their power, more or less, to
turn out another generation of
slaves, or a generation of fearless,
freethinking, reasoning beings who
"call no man master."
Here are two recipes which all
good health cranks can try out
without the sllghest fear of consequences:
Prune Pie
2 cups brown flour, 5 oz. shortening, Yt teaspoonful salt, 4 table-
spoonsful water.
Wash and soak prunes over
night. Cook without sugar, using
the water in which the prunes
have been soaked. Stone and cut
up into small pieces. Put into piecrust, add % cup brown sugar, a
shake of cinnamon and a drop of
lemon juice. Then bake.
Bran Muffins
2 cups coarse unsifted bran meal,
1 cup flour, 1 teaspoonful baking
soda, % teaspoonful salt, 1 egg, %
cup molasses, 1 cup sour milk.
Bake 20 minutes in a moderate
Mrs. L. informs me that I om-
mitted the baking soda in the
scones, I apologize, and add it
now, sincerely hoping that no matrimonial difficulties arose as a
result of Indigestion.
Is There Any Painless Dentistry?
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
CAN remember when chloroform, ether and gas were the sole
agents used to reduce the misery attending dental operations.
About ten. years ago NOVOCAIN was introduced, and it is safe to say
that  this   is  one  of  the greatest  boons  to  humanity  yet  discovered,   and
makes Dentistry , almost a pleasure.    It is a* great thing to say truthfully:
"These extractions, fillings, or removing this nerve, will not hurt."
With the use of Novocain, work can he done thoroughly, time is saved,
and the cost is less than before.
Presenting Unusual Styles—Season's Smartest Fabrics
—Season's Best Values
■PARMENTS so attractive that ame will be proud to wear,
them.    Each one so well tailored that it is difficult to
judge their intrinsic worth.
MISSES* COATS — Attractively
modelled ln hylo and teddy
cloths, with or without fur collar. Fully lined and interlined,
.■hades of grey, tan, lrown or
taupe. Sizes 16, 17, 18 and
li). Price,
velours, English tweeds and
English worsteds; well tailored In new mannish cut or
loose back. Sizes
to 44.    Price--...
FUR TRLMMED COATS—Attractively fashioned of velours
or polova cloths, fully lined
and warmly finished with collar of fur; aU shades. In sizes
to 42.
FUR  TRIMMED   COATS—Flared   effects   and   straight   line
styles In a good, range of  new shades as well as navy and
black; warmly interlined u*nd attractively
trimmed with fur.    Sizes to 42.   Price	
WOMEN'S DRESSES—Smart for street wear; made with low
waist line and new front pleat in charmeen or poiret; in a
good variety of seasonable shades. <fc 1 C   C A
Sizes to 40   «p 10.OU
PARTY DRESSES—Of georgette and lace, in a range of very
attractive shades trimmed with gold lace and
godets.    Sizes to 38.    Price	
—Floor Two—H.B.C. Page Six
Friday, October 9,
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seufarers
of Canada.)
U. S. Bankers Fatten
On European Workers
'  (By Leland Olds.)
Funding   of   the   French   debt,
marking  the  culmination   of  maneuvers began by American bankers with agitation lor the Dawes
Notes From the Camp:
ANE of the first members
^ of the Federated Seafarers' Union of Canada, Tom
Baldie, died in the General
Hospital on Sunday, October
4th. The funeral, which was
held from the Mount Pleasant Undertaking Parlors, on
Kingsway, was attended by
a large number of friends
and was conducted under the
auspices of the Federated
Seafarers' Union. The pall
hearers were, Bro. William
Ainsworth; Bro. Wm. Cartwright; Bro. D. Farquhar;
Bro. R. Smith; Bro. H. Back-
ett, and Bro. F. Boulette.
Several other members were _
present. Old Tom as he was
known  around  the  hall  is
Latest  news  from  the  whaling Plan> wil1 oiiicially open the gold-  -TTHE timber.kings of the Pacific  peared.   Every year the pei
stations indicate that there is very en   aSe   oi  American   investment   *    North West are holding what actual production shows a d*
likelihood of a very poor season,  empire.    Miliio*us  of   dollars   will  the   "British   Columbia   Lumber-  with n consequent decline
as the catches are small. Six whal-  *"* wl'un6 annually from the ex-  man" is pleased to call the "Log-  wages received by the men
ing vessels are  due to return to Pio'ted workers of Germany, Eng-   gers'   Parliament",   across   in   the  camps.    But then that is n>
Victoria at any time from now on.  lalld'  -Fraiice, Belgium,  Italy,  Po-   city of Seattle.   This, of course, is  garded as  a  problem,  but
—  laud, etc., only to be turned over  perfectly in order.    There will be  expected everyday occurence;
A call from  the  whaling com- t0  American  financiers for  rein-   no   danger   of   dark   and   sinister
pany for a couple  of firemen to  vestment in Europe. plots being hatched at this gatner-
join the S. S. Gray was received at Mortgaging Europe ing, no dangerous schemes of im-
the Headquarters by long distance How will the process work? proving working conditions in the
phone from Victoria. The U. S. government will receive   camps; and no diabolical schemes
■  the  tnoute  and  will  immediately   of diverting the flow of profits irom
A letter was received from Jack  turn it over to private capital by  the lumbermen's capacious pockets ln' „ted    At one mlll
Fowler, who is at San Jose, Calif- usipg it to retire liberty bonds, into the humble jeans of the work-
ornia at present, and hopes to be But the payments wiU create a ing logger This atfalr is hailed in
back in B. C. at an early date. shortage- ol   working   capital   in   the lumber trade Journals as a very
  Europe, for they will come out of   important gathering, which should adoDtln„ the mechanlcal
The S.  S.  Canadian Skirmisher the surpius produced by European   be attended by all those who live  *m<je ^s p^fble £Qm ^   " ''
arrived ln port a few days ago. The  laoor and normally eamiaiaed as   by exploiting the men who work in  ^ ^_ j^ ^ gort sufflolen^
In  the  lumber  industry,
other industries, machines* a
pidly displacing a number of
ers.   A new mechanical
the new device has been inst*]
eighty men were required to ■
one  mill running night and .
to keep four mills running
crew   stated   that   the   conditions new   capital   for   development   at the   camps;   but   had   it   been   a
aboard were abominable, and when homo.    American  capital  will  be gathering of these workers every  ^ Thjg means th     M
one of the members complained he called upon to fill the vacuum to form  of  propaganda would  have                ' ,. .     h t ,t ,
was told he had no right to kick, keep European industry going. It been hurled against it.    While the  ^ ^^ -*"„ mon J£_
as there had been men aboard the will do this by reinvesting in Eu- lumbermen's congress is in session
vessel for almost two years with- rope the funds supplied from Eu- work w111 S° on in the camps unin-
out  kicking.    Some   of  the  Holy. rope in the assurance that so long terrupted, but if it had been a con-
Roller type of seamen were aboard as America^ capital supports cap- vention of working loggers, those
One of the men who replaced the  this vessel. italism   abroad  there   will   be  no attending would  be out of a job,
Chinese who were sent to jail from                   repudiation  of  debts. because their absence w^juld have
the S. S. City of Victoria, has writ-
impeded production.    The question
erly required 320 men to do.
new sorter has driven 266 on
labor market to hunt for jobs,'
still we are told that the lun
men must save more money,
that they are finding it lncreal)
ly difficult to get 'any tangible^
ward for their heavy investmej
No  mention  is  made of the
Frank Donnely's  mother is en-      Unless   interrupted   by,  war   or
ten a personal letter to the agent  quiring   for   him   very   anxiously,  revolution this process wiU go on is muoh different when one is a
of the union stating that the con-   Frank  you   had   better   get   busy IoP   62   years>   in  the   course   0f camD owner from what il ls when  (That'the'workingTogger is fl
dHions aboard  the  S.S.  City  of and write home. whlch   $10,000,000,000    of   public °n« J? a cam» wof£)f F°f ""  it increasingly  difficult to fi,
Victoria were far ahead of any of credits  tQ  Burope  wm  be  trans. one there is the  plaUdits of the, when  he  does
the Canadian Government Merch-      The other day a  steward,  who torme<x   into   private   investments press>  £or tne  other the blacklist
ant   Marine   vessels   that   he   has has had considerable service with
embodying the domination of Am-
been in.   Tell us something we do  all the shiping companies, came to erican money kings.
not  know,  Herbert.    That   is  no  the   union   headquarters   and   re-
. reason why you should have taken  quested to be enrolled as a mem- w a        m'mn "K
of the lumber barons.
This Congress, we are informed,
will discuss such weighty problems
—for the boss—as "saving time
the place of one of the Chinese ber of the Federated Seafarer's Bven -England is coming to New an(J money.._a)so for the b0SSi of
who were sticking up for their Union of Canada. York for capital. Recently three oourge The „B c Lumberman-
rights.   Surely you know that con-        *                         new   Anglo-American    enterprises  states ^ the  camp ovam ^
ditions aboard the C. G. M. M. ves- Members are requested to take have been launched in London, a findlng lt increasingly difficult to
sels are rotten. That ls what the out subscriptions as this is the last *16,000,.t000 freight subway, a $2,- get „any tanglble reward for their
organization has been trying to ex- week free copies of this paper will  "00,000  hotel, and a giant movie  heayy investmenta(*. and that this
is even more difficult to seg
a living wage.
pose for the past few years and be distributed by the* Union..
the amount of inefficiency that ex- 	
ists in the ranks of the manage- Man Llst at Headquarters
ment of the Canadian Government
Merchant Marine Limited, the per-
Boland, T.; Bell, A. ; Dobbin, H.;
Goosey, G.; George, Mr.; Gillespie,
secutors of seamen who try to get „   HarriS( c . Hendersoni c, Hes.
a decent living. The slaves in the
Congo were treated better than are
seamen aboard C. G. M. M. vessels.
keth, J.; Jones, R. N.; Jensen, E.;
Kissock, J.; Lawson, J.; Love, W.;
McDonald, J.; Mumford, T.; Osborne, W.; Pattison, E.; Pugh, A.
E.; Terry, H. J. C; Threfall, R. J.;
A letter has just been received
from Herb Doyle saying that the ^^i;VTworrel,"J
weather is fine and there is an improvement in the catch of whales
at the hunting grounds.
theatre. H. N. Casson writer from b becoming ..^^
London to the Wall Street Jour-
nal. One wonder what these gentle-
"These   joint   enterprises,   with men oal1 a "tangible reward". No
an  Anglo-American   board   of  di- other grouP °f owners o( indUstr,y
rectors,   are  becoming  very  com- reaP   half   the   harvest   that  this
mon in England.    The four Am- -*ane does, but even at that they
erican banking houses that are at are not satisfied,
present most  prominent  in  float- The  "Loggers'  Parliament" will
ing    these    enterprises    are    the discuss how to save tlme and m°n-
Guaranty Trust Co.,  the National •*• and *"»*..T_°"lL^_    "".l!!.
City Ba|pk, Lee,  Higginson  &  Co.
Ask  Any  Labor  Msn.
Housekeeping   and   Transient -1
Central—Terms Moderate
Under  New  Management
"Bill" Hungerford and M. 0;
bridge, Props.
76 Hastings East
Ute 51th Batt and 72nd Batt.
and the House of Morgan."
So   by   economic   coercion   and
alliance   with   the   money   aristo-
DEMAND   LABOR UNITY  cracies  of   Europe  the  American
(Federated Press.) investment empire will grow. The  ^.^ll^L^Sl
U. S. government may forgive part
a still greater exploitation of the
men in the camps. That is good
business. But when the working
loggers talk of increasing the few
dollars they receive, that is inter-
OSLO,    Norway. — International
demands,  and  probably fomented
by   Bolshevik   agitators,   certainly
trade union unity is called for by  «** **«* due from  foreign   »>   ~*»£   »-—•   —    ^
the Norwegian Trade Union Con- -debtors-   but  American   capitalists  ™use*
gress meeting at Oslo.    The con-  wiU demand their pound of flesh.   *^>^
The boss overlooks no bets for
increasing his income; but the
workers do.    Had a convention of
gress decided  unanimously to af- As a result the burden ot empire
filiate the Norwegian trade union wU1  become  heavier and  heavier _ _	
movement   to   the   Anglo-Russian °n  the   working   population.   The g Qne
unity   committee,   and   passed   a Wty  to  carry  this  increasing J     ™ wouW
resolution   to   exert   every   effort burden wiu not increase and may
for the creation of a single trade diminish.     The   period   of   great
union international,  based on the expansion 0f capitalism in Europe
have responded.
class order.
is over.
Advertisers are helping us. Reciprocate by buying from them,
and toll them you saw lt ln the
Abolition of Foreign    t
Rule in China Sought
"The Place for Pipes"
mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
This is supposed to be boom daya
in the lumber industry, but production at present is only seventy
five per cent, normal. Tho American market Is already showing
  signs of becoming overstocked, and
Its effects are being felt over here.
BALTIMORE.—Pull,   immediate  The  *-boom  days"  of the  lumber
and    specific    surrender    of    the   inaustry,  from the workers  point
power held by foreign nations to   of   vieW|   apparently   have   disap-
regulate  China's  tariff  rates  and 	
to   maintain   foreign   courts   for ,   _.. ,
foreigners i,n China is'the demand  Reduced  Demand  Uld
laid    before   the    conference    on
Chinese - American    relations     at
Johns Hopkins University by the
entire Chinese delegation,    It was
presented   by  Dr.  Clarence K.   S.
Big reductions, splendi]
values. Regular pricq
$22.50 to $42.50, now-'
$15 to $37.6!
Oor. Homer and Hastingi St]
Not Cause Wage Cuts
Red Star Drug Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
We Make a Special Effort to Get Goods Out by First Mall
After Receipt of Your Order
Corner Cordova and Carrall
Vancouver, B.O.
(Federated Press)
FALL RIVER, Mass.—Recent
Young of the Chinese legation at wage cuts in the textile industry
Washington. The statement set were not caused by shortening of
forth that the 400,000,000 Chinese the demand. Textile mills report
are today united in this position, a 60 per cent, operation for fine
and that they have- established, print goods and 80 per cent, for
by recent events, their power to fine goods, despite the fact that
hold it. the season ls almost over.   This is
Other speakers at the confer- better than local mills have done
ence warned foreign governments for some time. The Increase is
that China has 2,B00,00i) soldiers centered ln a few mills which have
under arms, and she may be kept open steadily while mills that
driven to become a military na- shut down eighteen months ago
tlo.n, forcing a new war. because, of dull trade are still
  closed tight.
Say you saw it advertised In the
Patronise Our Advertisers.
The Original
Logging Boot]
Quick Servico for Bepiiri
All Work Guaranteed
Special Atttntlon to Mill Ordtr^
H. Harvey
Eetabllihod ln Vancouver In 11911
C8 CORDOVA  STREET  WJ lay, October 9, 1925
Pag* Seven
ian Workers Hear
]!ook on Imperialism
JIDON—A. J.  Cook,  General
|ary of the  Miner's Federa-
' Great Britain and Executive -
' member of the Workers' In-
Jtional Relief of England, has
ftjompleted a speaking tour.,
fghout Germany pointing out
Sanger of sweated labor as
uceb. under the Dawes Plan
fcrmany and under the Allied
fallst Dictatorship In China,
jrfding his hearers that world
riallsm was a great menace to
(International labor problems,
pk called upon the workers to
their ranks closer than ever
te and referred to the recent
Igles of the British miners as
Ixample of what labor can do
united action ls applied.
(§lh Ckmtttrg KIttbor £fero0
Congress Wallops Dawes' Plan
(By Carl Brannin, Federated Press.)
trSEHOLDBRS and, Licence Holders are hereby notified that, In
i to havo their names placed on the
Iheir statutory declarations in the
pr mnst be lodged with the Clerk
|g the month ot October.
HENRY   FLOYD.   Clerk,
fclpal   Hall,   5851  West   Boulevard,
nconver,  B.C.
otice to Sprinkler Sytem
■Advertisement for Tenders for In-
| stalling   Sprinkler  System  in
No. 3 Elevator
Extension of Time Limit
(time in which tenders for the above
will be received at the Office of
|iVancouvcr Harbour Commissioners,
Seymour Street, Vancouver B.C.,
been extended from 12 o'clock noon,
nesday, the 7th day of October, nn-
12 o'clock noon, Monday, the 12th
fof Octobor,  1925.
W.   D.   HARVIE,
ber 5th,   1925.
rhis Is What You Get
lien Buying" Prom Us
British Trades Union Congress
went on record by a large majority vote as against the Dawes
Plan. This is the first time that
this matter has come before the
official labor movement ln this
country. Previously when a similar resolution was presented to
the Labor party conference, ways
were found to keep it off the
agenda. It is. a striking repudiation of one of the acts of the Labor government which Ramsay
MacDonald and James H. Thomas
and other labor statesmen have
defended with vigor. Mr. Thomas
sat at his seat as a delegate and
never opened his mouth.
The resolution declared that the
low wages and long hours existing
in Germapy were directly due to
the successful attempt of the employers to place the burden of
this plan on the workers. The
congress pledged itself, in adopting the resolution, to "assist the
German workers in every possible
way in Improving their standard
of life and to support the general
council ln Its efforts to obtain international trade union purity
which will enable the workers to
fight ' on an International scale
for the repudiation of the Dawes
A. J. Cook, secretary of the
Miners' Federation, ln supporting
the motion against the plan pointed  out  that  in  1913  Britain  e*-
British Banks Block
Russian Credit Orders
ported 73.4 million tops of coal.
In 1925, according to present estimates, she would not export 60
million. France and Italy, which
formerly bought coal from England, had been pushed out of the
market by Germany's reparation
"In England today," said Cook,
"there are 200,000 miners unemployed. We have lived to regret
what we have dope. It has damned German workers. We cannot
hold the seven-hour day here if
the German miners are forced to
work 8 and 9 hours. The Versailles Treaty must be revised;
reparations must be done away
Pollitt reminded the delegates
that every capitalist government
in the world supported the Dawes
Plan, surely it could not be very
good for the workers. He read
an item announcing that Mr.
Ramsay MacDonald had been invited to address the Pilgrim Club,
an .exclusive New Tork institution, because of the valuable part
he had played as the Labor premier in getting the Dawes Plan
West Virginia Scene
Of Bitter Class War
|Men, Women and Children
7. e Imperial
•Shoe Store
>pp. Standard Furniture Co.
LONDON—That big banking
firms In Great Britain are preventing British manufacturers from accepting orders for $25,000,000
worth of textile machinery from
Soviet Russia, Is the charge made
by M. Eremin, first vice-president
of the textile syndicate ofthe Union  of Socialist  Soviet Republics.
Eremin states that the Russian
textile delegation came to Britain
exclusively for business purposes,
and found British manufacturers
ready and willing to do business,
but that owing to the attitude taken by the banks, they had been
able to place but a small fraction
of the £5,000,000 order they
brought over.
The firms with which the delegation negotiated stated that they
required credit from the banks to
fill the ordets but this the banks
refused to grant.
Eremin states that the delegation is leaving for Germany where
they have been offered very advantageous terms.
Ho Drugs Used in Examination
■T-HIS advertisement means hlgh-
■'■ grade glasses, with a thorough and advanced eye examination by a graduate specialist. Vou
will find that we give the most
value for the least money, and we
stand back of all work turned
If your eyes ache, see us.
Bird Eye Service
680 Robson Street
Phone Sey. 8955
(By Louis F. Budenz, Federated
FAIRONT, W. Va.—The man
who said "there is no class war,"
has never been to West Virginia.
In contrast to the hard-coal regions, there Is a spirit of antagonism and bitterness everywhere In
the atmosphere.
TheUnited Mine Workers are in
the battle for their life up here in
the northern .section of the state.
The trenches have moved from
Mingo and McDowell up- to Marion,
Monongahela and Harrison counties. Across the intervening space
the open shop operators have been,
driving the union men, through the
convenient weapon of an overdeveloped Industry."
Contracts with employers are not
worth the paper they are written
on, the experience of the miners
hereabouts seems to show.
Since last "* April the operators
have persistently broken this
agreement, cutting wages and altering conditions. Finally; with
the union miners opposing their
program, they have come out with
the "American plan," which is the
open shop.
The local papers run daily reports showing the extent of the
Inroads of the American plan on
the union mines. It runs a tabulation each day of the number of
cars loaded in each of the districts,
under union conditions and the
American plan.
The spirit of the union strikers
around Fairmont Is enthusiastic
and belligerent. They seem perfectly willing to go to jail for the
union. "We know what union has
done for us," Mrs. Eddie Vene.ky,
one of the fighting pickets at the
New England mine, said: "We have
nothing if the union goes."
And yet, that ls jnst whnt threatens in West Virftlnia. The union
must either make a real advance
into nonunion territory before the
winter, or It faces complete annihilation in the West Virginia field.
British Labor Raps
Empire Imperialism
Trades Union Congress believes
that the domination of non-British people by the British government is a form of capitalist exploitation having for its objeot
the securing for - British capitalists (1) of cheap sources of raw
materials; (2) the right to exploit cheap and unorganized labor
and to use the competition of
that . labor to degrade the workers' standards In Great Britain.
"It declares its complete opposition to imperialism, and resolves: (1) to support the workers in all parts of the British Empire to organize the trades unions,
and political parties ln order to
further their Interests, and (2) to
support the right of all peoples
in the British Empire to self-determination, including the right
tq choose complete separation
from* the  empire."
This resolution was adopted by
the British Trades Upton Congress at its final session for 1925
by a vote of 3,082,000 for and
79,000 against. It was a definite
blow at the reactionary opposition
led by J. H. Thomas of the Railwaymen. A. A. Purcell (Furnishing Trades), vice-president of the
Congress; J. Bromley, secretary of
the Locomotive Engineers; Le-
malre (Compositors), and Pollitt
(Boilermakers), secretary of the
Minority Movement, all supported
the resolution. Thomas was the
only one to oppose.
British Army Aids
German Capitalists
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON—If ever our British
troops at Cologne comes Into armed conflict with German Communists, it is certain to be said that the
soldiers only fired in self-defense,
after they had exhausted every
peaceful means, etc. (see recent
Press reports of the shooting in
Shanghai for stereotyped explanations ahd Justifications).
Consequently, it is just as well
that there should be placed on record the following Reuter account
of a little Rhlneslde incident, ln
which British troops one night
"rounded up" a number of Communist'literature distributors:
"In the course of the "round up"
a man who was suspected of having been concerned in the distribution of these leaflets ran away
while about to be interrogated, and
two shots assisted to speed his flying feet without arresting his
As usual, you see, the soldiers
only fired in self-defence.
Lords, Earls and Dukes
Are Preparing To Scab
British Coal Owners
Break Wage Promise
LONDON—War ls again brewing between the Miner's Federation
and the coal operators backed by
the Baldwin government as the
miners claim that the operators,
with the consent of the Baldwin
cabinet, is violating the agreement
not to cut wages during the term
of the "armistice" agreement.
Baldwin is denounced for breaking his promise, and A. J. Cook,
secretary of the federation says the
miners "feel very strongly about
They claim that the owners are
tempering with the basic rates on
wages, which they agreed not to
touch. Baldwin, In conference with
the miner's leaders, tried to excuse the owners by claiming that
what he meant when he promised
there would not be touching of
wages was that the 1924 agreement
was to continue, but since the base
vates On that were variable, they
were variable during the truce.
While the miners threaten no
immediate strike, thev have called
an emererpney meeting for October
Oth and have laid down a boycott
on the recently appointed coal
commission which ls supposed to
be examining conditions ln view
to final agreement.
LONDON—Britain's dukes and
lords are preparing to work with
their .hands for the first time ln
their luxurious lives. But is lt
honest labors—No. They only Intend to scab on workers on strike,
euphemistically put—to meet a national crisis.
A volunteer organization, aimed
to supply the necessities of life In
the event of a coal strike followed
by other strikes, has been organlz- '
ed by some of Great Britain's leading men and it is reported that
Lord Harding of Penhurst and
Lord Jellicoe, of Jutland fame, are
at the head of the organization.
Many society folk have Joined the ,
organization, it is said, and lf a
general strike comes thev will man
railroad trains and load coal and
perform all sorts of menial tasks,
ln order that British capitalism
may not be paralyzed.
LONDON. — The percentage of
unemployed among 11,500,000
British work people by the last
return is 12.6 against 11.5 a
month earlier and 10.6 a year
Cost of living averages, as issued by the ministry of labor; at
the beginning of September, show
retail prices 74 per cent, pbove
July, "1924. as compared with 73
per cent, in August, 80 'n Jnuaary
and 72 ln September. 1924,
Buildta? Trades Wares
Hold Their Standards
WASHINGTON — President
Green of tho American Foderation
of Labor has held oonfer»nees with
the general executive hoard of the
Brlcklavers' International Union
and with executives of the Operative Plasterers' International with
a view to settling tbelr controversy
over jurisdiction over Plasterers in
towns where the Bricklayers were
first to organise.
Australian Emoloyfirs
Seek More Immigrants'
SYDNEY, Australia. — Employers nre demanding that the N.S.
W. State Labor government allow
the Importation of skilled workers into the country, but the government refuses to allow this on
the ground thnt there are many
thouonnds of skilled workmen al-
readv jobless. Among these un-
emploved at tbe present time are
carpenters, bricklayers, painters,
machinists, fitters, trimmers, engineering nss'stants, boilermakers,
electricians, blacksmiths, coach-
workers, saddlers, textile workers
and boot trade operatives. Much
unemployment ls reported In the
following Industries: Building,
clothing and textiles, woodworking, Iron, leather and general manufacturing trades.
(By Federated Press)
ATLANTIC CITY — ■ Building
tradesmen's wages have held their
standards during the last year,
says retiring president George F.
Hedrlck of the Building Trades
Department and a report on wages
of building craftsmen throughout
the country tends to bear out his
optimistic assertion.
St. Louis, Mo., ranks at high, the
department's statistics show, with
bricklayers and plasterers listed at
$1.75 an hour; granite cutters at
$1.66; iron workers, carpenters,
electricians, cement finishers,
plumbers, steam fitters and stone
masons at $1.05; building laborers
get $1.00 an hour in 21 cities, with
New York credited at $1.06 and
Hamilton, Ont.. and Harrlsburg,
Pa., scaling at low with 40 cents an
"In many cities and towns," says
Hedrlck, "the affiliated local unions of our Department are receiving a higher scale of wages than
was paid at any time In the history
of their organizations.
Send in Tour Subscription Today. Page Eight
Friday, October 9, 191
(By Leland Olds, Federated  Press.)
•■THE  vital   importance  to   labor  7 minutes exposure to propaganda  (By Art Shields, Federated Press)
-      of a well organized labor press  were: ATLANTIC   CITY,   N.   J.
to   combat   the   propaganda   con-*  Percent of Persons on    Increase    toughest     Jurisdictional
A. F. of L. Jurisdictional Fight Em
Terms of the treaty include ar- adopted at the meet and presidi
The bitration of all points at issue by Green of the A. F. of L. pledi
conflict 'a board consisting of executives of his assistance in getting the
stantly    pouring * from"~capltalist  confOT__iit"y   1st Mot" c^to-_\y within the American Federation of the two unions and the president of penters back  if it were  possli
organs of publicity is shown Ip
a study made by H. A. Sturges of
Washburn College, Topeka, Kansas, of the increase in conformity
due to even a short exposure to
propaganda. Sturges found that
even 7 minutes silent reading of
propaganda resulted in an average gain of more thap 5 per cent,
in conformity, and that conformity steadily Increased as the time
spent ln such reading was lengthened.
His experiment consisted In getting 680 persons to vote a ballot
containing 25 questions connected
with the general Issue of extreme
patriotism versus pacifism. Those ?er ,oent'
questions included:
Is lt right or wrong to hate other countries which do no wrong?
To injure noncombatant citizens of
countries which  do wrong? Is it
2.3 points
2.0       "
after reading Labor, ends with the signing of a ^ A- F- °f L.-    The »H treaty but the prospects  for  peaoe
peace pact between the bricklayers' dividing up the work between these only be conjectured.    The carft-i
and   plasterers'   unions,   officially two unions which both claim plas- ters stand pat pn their right tor
known as the Bricklayers, Masons, terinS operations Is hereby renew- the metal trim work assigned
and Plasterers International Union ed an(i each un,°n agrees to keep the sheet metal men by the boa!
and the Operative Plasters and Ce- out of territory allotted to the oth- of Jurisdictional award,
ment  Finishers  International  As- er-     Some   vestige   of   the   affair      Ah attack on the craft lsolatfl
sociation, and as a result work' will llnscrs, however, with a few local which in some cases has allow!
be resumed on millions of dollars strikes continuing . where contrac- cne union to fight alone while ot]
of construction In New York, Chi- tors attempted to operate with non- ers work on the struck Job was !
cago, Miami and other cities which unionists. by the  Brotherhood  of  Palntq
had been hit by strikes called in      But though this worst Jurisdic- wnose    nevrty    elected    preside
the Inter-union fight. tlonal knot ls unravelled, the long George F. Hedrlck, Is retiring pij
The  peace  settlement  came  in established dispute with the car- sident of the Building Trades
slightly over  60  per cent.    After the. closing day of the annual con- penters continues, though on less ParttT'*?'*t.   The convention ord«
7 min. reading of propaganda the vention of the Building Trades De- hostile lines.    The carpenters re- the department to use all possltj
average rqge 2.3 points or about 5  partment, and is hailed as saving main    outside    of    the    Building Persuasion against the signing
the building trades from a disas-   Trades,. Department,   which   their Individual agreements by local ul
trous situation, with a movement power   as   the    largest    building ions without the sanction of bullj
rent by strife within and open shop trades union would greatly streng- 1nt? rrades councils and against
employers    eager    to    seize    the  then.      Conciliatory    declarations Inclusion of anti-strike clauses th
Thus before reading the propa-,
ganda the bulk of the persons voting ranged between 20 per cent,
and 80 per cent, of full conformity with the 100 per cent, militarist    patriot.      The    average    was
After 14 minutes reading it rose 3.5 points and after 23
minutes reading 6.5 points or nearly 15 per cent.
The   daily   papers,   the   leading chance for a big push
weekly and monthly periodicals the ■==
about the saw and level men were
right or wrong to make war on any movies, all are filled with propa-
' country which opposes American ganda against the point of view
policy? Was it right or wrong for oi organized labor. And the pub-
American soldiers, to sink German llc Is exposed to this propaganda
submarines, killing their occu- not 7 minutes or 14 minutes but
pants? to drop bombs on German a11 the time.
cities where military supplies were Sturges' study shows how this
kept? etc.
Irish Enliven Lawmakers' Meet
(By Laurence Todd, Federated make a catspaw—as regard Saklat-
Press vala the anti-imperialist firebrand
WASHINGTON— "Mulcahy    the —of   the   American   government.
enables the big interests to mold  Irish Benedict Arnold is Opposed But they declined to take a hand in
that let union men Into the role *
strikebreakers.      That    there
much  sentiment for solidarity
the industry was shown this ye'l
In Boston and Connecticut whej
other crafts went out in behalf I
the  hodcarriers and  building ll
borers when the latter had flgh
Each individual voted e^her public opinion In spite of the ef- to the American Form of Govern-
- right, wrong or in doubt, opposite forts of organized labor. Only as ment. Why Receive Him?"
each juestion.. The ballot were labor is able to counter with well That was the challenge, and one
graded from 10.0 per cent; con- organized propaganda of its own of the most moderate among a
formity down based on the an- actually reaching the public mind dozen painted on white pasteboard
swers. The results of the first bal- can It hope to obtain the support signs borne aloft by a picket line
lot and of the ballot taken after which It needs. of Irish republicans, which march-
' ed to the door of the HoUse cham
ber  In Washington,  on the third
morning of the Interparliamentary
Workers' Indifference  Un,on  conference,  to  protest  the
-  presence  of the Free  State com
mander-in-chief ln this country.
Policemen, all Irish by birth or
descent, rushed to prevent the pho-
the Internal disputes In Ireland.
The German and French and Scandinavian radicals were Intent on
continental affairs.
Plan To Organize the
Automobile Industry
European Puzzled At
(By Art Shields, Federated Press)
ATLANTIC     CITY.—The     outstanding   decision   at   the   Metal
(By Federated Press)
WASHINGTON—Anton     Erkel-
enz, chairman of the national Dem-
Ban Communists From
Bldg. Trades Councils
(By Federated Press)
ATLANTIC CITY—The privileges of Communists holding membership in building trades unions
were narrowed when the building
trades   convention   ruled   that   no
Bird, Bird & Lefeaui
401-401 Matropsltttll  Buildta*
887 Hastingi St. W.. Vineoovw, B.OJ
Telephone!: Stymour MM and 66671
Trades Department convention  of ocratlc party of Germany, member
the A. F. of L., was to call a con-  of the  reichstag from  Dusseldorf
tographers from taking a picture  avowed  Communist may sit in a
of the placards on these forbidden   local building trades council. This
#„...„_,     .    ii .  ... „„i*i      .t        ._,*.,*, *, •**,    _    _*   ,      premises.     Meanwhile   Gen.   Mul-  ruling strikes at W. H. Jones, reg-
ference of all international unions in the Ruhr, and president of the      _. _■„■"■ „ - __,    _1"   i _,_,      ,   ,     ,__,__,     _,   ...    '
■i„,r..i„_,.. tn* «,„ r.„*-n„_o ... ■*„*.. I * jj _ i T . , i oany was safe,v ,nside the bulm" ularly eIected to the Seattle Coun-
Involved for the purpose of start- Independent union of metal working a campaign to unionize the ers is attending the Interparlia-
great open shop Industry ruled by mentary Union sessions after a
Ford, General Motors and other three months study of industrial
automobile manufacturers. conditions in the United States.
The  conference   Is  intended, to      He    confesses   himself    puzzled
Ing, and was listed to take part In cil and informs Jones that the ac-
a. discussion of ways to make neace tion  now taken  ls  based  on  the
In   the   world   through   codifying precedent set at Portland.   In that,
international law. city two years ago the A. F. of L.
"Mulcahy, Murderer of 77 Irish convention   bnseated   William   F.
Republican Patriots," shouted an- Dunne,   Communist   and   delegate
work out a program that will get over one fact more than any other otj,er p,acar(3i waved bv a W0Tnan  from the Silver Bow Trades and
the co-operation of all the unions,  he has observed—the fact that the from   Oklahoma.     And   a   bigger Labor Assembly
This Is a ticklish, but a vital mat- American  workers  have  done al- banner carrled this query and re-      A striking feature of the depart
ter If the program is to succeed. most
The automobile industry, Presi- their
dent James O'Connell  of the de- their
partment, explains, ls so highly and political   action.     He
scientifically   specialized    that    lt them largely Indifferent to the con
would be easy to run Into a Jumble nectlon between governmental pol-
of    Jurisdictional     disputes    that lcies and their chance to  earn a
would be almost impossible of un- livelihood  under favorable  condl-
ravellng unless a proper working tlons.
method ls devised.   Saving that he      Another mystery to the German
is not a "one big union" man he moderate leader Is the Indifference threat to call the patrol wagon lf
says  that he sees a possibility of the of American workers to trade un-  the  placards  were   not   promptly
"amalgamation    of   some    unions Ion   protection.    Whereas   in   the gt^^ed  or the pickets taken  off
with other unions where their re- Ruhr all. labor ls strongly'organlz- the cap|to, ground, photographers
latlons are very close and the kind ed, in American Industrial citadels were fort,iaaen to use their camer-
of work to be performed is very he finds It afraid to Join unions,
similar."    He believes that "there 	
nothing,   ln   comparison   to ply.   "why   did   Mulcahy  murder ment's ruling is that the, Commun-
opportunities,   to  strengthen h*s   former   comrades?     Because  ists are barred from delegates seats
economic   position   through they  were  trUe  whl]e  he  was  a though no action leading'towards
has   found traitor."    Further  along the line taking up their cards is hinted at.
was  this   tribute:   "General   Dick  It still leaves them citizens of the
Mulcahy—Butcher to His Majesty,
The King."
There was good-natured parleying between the police and the
plcketts,   with   a   mild-mannered
unions but on a restricted basis.
Help us by mentioning the Advocate.
We   support   your   paper.
Where do yon bay yonr
Painting Supplies?
Prepare for. the winter rains'■'**
with  a coat of good  paint
and get that cosy effect. See !
our   finished   samples   and
use  our  free  estimate  service   on  paints  and   panels.
Gregory & Reid
Paint Co.
Sey. 4636  117 Hastings E.
are a tremendous number of occu- Some day, without a trumpet's call
patlons in the automobile industry This news will o'er the earth be
which could well be combined and blown:
put under the Jurisdiction of one "The heritage comes back to all,
organization to be chartered by tbe The myriad monarchs take their
American   Federation   of  Labor," own."     —T. W. Hlgglnson.
with skilled craftsmen assigned to 	
the respective International unions. Patronize Our Advertisers.
Gee, It's Getting Cold!  Where's My
Stanfield's Underwear—In    An  Overcoat is hard for
many weights; suit $3.50   anyone to understand by
quoting prices in a news-
Stanfield's     Combinations   paper.
—$3-00,   $3.50    $4.00    Please call and we will show
Watson's Combinations —
Suit   $3.50
you real values.
Carss Mackinaw Shirts,
Coats and Pants.
Headlight Work Shirts and Overalls Are All Union Made
At the front was a woman from
Newark with the slogan: "George
Washington—Eamon De Valera.
Benedict Arnold—Richard Mulcahy."
At the rear was a man from
Columbus with a reminder that
"One of Mulcahy's Victims" was
Harry Boland, former Irish envoy
in America, who was "Murdered In
Bed, Aug. 1, 1922" while a prisoner of Mulcahy.
A banner which was held ln reserve announced that "American
Citizens Protest desecration of
Capitol of Washington and Lincoln
by Reception of 'General' Mulcahy.
bloody suppressor of Parliament of
Irish Republlo".
No heed to this protest was paid
by the state department, nor by
any of the delegations In the conference. The radical delegates on
the floor had shown, by aplaudlng
the speech of Ben Riley, English
Labor Party memeber of parliament, their disapproval of the
barring of any delegate because of
his political views. The Labor Party group had made clear their repudiation of the Intrigue of the
Tory   government   in   London   to
Our 15th Anniversary
OCTOBER 1910 we opened at 150 Broadway E.
OCTOBER 1912 we moved to 10th and Main
OCTOBER 1918 we moved to 2313 MAIN ST.,
our present location
THROUGH the aggressiveness of the Mt. Pleasant
Chamber of Commerce we will be able to remain
open on Thursday and Friday evenings in commemoration of our 15th Anniversary to meet our many friends,
and we hope as many as oan will drop in and see us.
No selling after 6 p.m.
Men's first quality Enee Gum Boots, sues 6-11; $4.25
Children's first quality Knee Gum Boots, sizes 5-
ioy2 $1.95
Men.'s All-Wool Mackinaw Coats; cat price $7.25, $8.00
Men's Cottonade Pants; regular $1.95, for  $1.75
Men's Military Grey Work Shirts; cut price  95c
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
2313 MAIN STBEET, Between 7th and 8th Avenues
Phone Fair. 14
t   ■    ■ ■■-■    ■ ■*■ -     ■ ■'■


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