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The Canadian Labor Advocate 1925-10-30

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With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. V* iSRATIONIST
" "    '   '      "■       -   "-■   ""   '•"   ":"      "' "     ■ ''at
I Seventeenth Tear.   No. 44
Eight Pages.
^RUMHELLER,   Alta.*—The   re-
i        cent explosion in the village ot
I Newcastle, ia which William Hop-
• kins had the windows of his house
smashed,   and   the   outside   door
blown off its hinges, bears all, the
ear-marks of a frame-up by the
eoal operators  to   drive   all   the
' fighting workera out of the Drumheller Valley.   No serious damage
was done to the house.
Owing to the severe wage cuts
inflicted upon the miners, and the
large number that have been blacklisted, the mine owners are becoming afraid that they may have another strike on,their hands before
1 the month of November is over.
The owners know that they have
broken their agreements with the
men In the past, and they are
afraid that the workers will strike
back at them in kind; and knowing
that offensive is better than defensive to ail appearances they
planted dynamite in front of this
house knowing that the occupants
Were at the back, being careful just
to place sufficient to break the
windows and shake loose a few
' shingles. To make the story seem
a little more plausable they had
the powder house broken up the
. night before the explosion.
After the explosion was over the
police found some more dynamite
|, At the Brewery, which ls situated
► right at the back of the house occupied by "Kid Burns," an active
' fighter on behalf of the eoal dlg-
Pgers,  and  a man  who  had  been
blacklisted from the mines in the
^Alberta coal fields.   This incident
, in itself is sufficient to show what
.the mine owners are trying. Unable to houira "Kid Burns" out of
', the district they are now endeavoring to railroad him by means of a
; frame-up.
The   "Calgary   Albertan"   came
out openly with a call on behalf of
I the mine owners, when in a recent
tissue it stated: "A clean up must
be made."   Clean up who;.    Obviously  the   men   who  have  Ween
bhlackllsted by Mr. J* Gouge, and
k prevented  from  earning a  livelihood..  These men are mostly re
' turned soldiers and Gouge is be-
[ coming afraid.
In a letter to the press dealing
with this matter "Kid Burns" says:
"Mr. Gouge feels that if he can
get his citizen's army working good
they can run a number of men out
of town (as was done in 1910) intimidate the other minera, keep
them in their places.all winter, and
have them ready for another reduction next summer. But this is
not 1910. Some of us returned
from war expecting to find a land
"fit for heroes to live in." In 1921
we found ourselves ln the bread
line, ahd our standard of living has
been falling ever since. Next time
we will fight, for ourselves, so
gentlement of the Black Shirt Brigade BEWARE."
Pass this copy to your shopmate
and get him to subscribe.
tiHiHiitininiii,Hii|n|„....>M|iitii«,itM-.i*/ *■*%
How Labor Fared
ELECTION results _ show that;'
lator fared better ln the
middle wert than on the Pacific
coast. In Winnipeg North Centre, 3. 8. Woodtworth waa elected by a majority of 1,200, and
in Winnipeg North, A. A. Heaps
received a majority of 914.
While all the labor candidates
In Vancouver and environs lost
their deposits, yet tho total vote
received by each candidate shows
an increase over all previous
elections, a clear sign that a
swing to the left ls taking place
and that the workers are coming
to an understanding of the fact
that they can rely only on their
own class..
At the time of going to press,
Labor's voto ln this district
stands as follows: Vancouver Centre, W. W. Lefeaux, 1,799. Vancouver Burrard, J. Sidaway, «,-
286. Vancouver South, A. Bnrry,
2,724. Vancouver North, Sr.
Curry, 932. New Westminster,
Bose Henderson, 3,276.
All the Labor candidates ln
Alberta were defeated.
rr___ Canadian Government Mer-
1 chant Marine recently added
another chapter to their lurid record by confiscating the wages of
a sailor, and bringing his wife
and 14-months-old baby faoe to
face with starvation.
While the S.S. Canadian Seigneur was in London, England, on
a recent voyage, a young man
named Sydpey* J. Collings was
signed on as trimmer. Before
signing articles Collings received
the assurance of the .Seigneur's
captain that, although the crew
would be paid off in Canada, he
would have no difficulty in securing a ship going back to England.
Collings said adieu to his wife
apd baby boy and sailed on the
Seigneur,   expecting   to   be   back
Vancouver Open Shop Printers Whine
For Larger Share of Election Trade
Tj'VEN Vancouver has its open
shop brigade. True, in the
main they are but dwarfed caricatures of such living embodiments
of industrial despotism as Judge
Gary of U. S.. Steel,, or John D.
Rockefeller of Standard Oil, but
even at that, In their own barnyard, village pump style, they do
their best to emulate their prototypes at the top of industry's
Taking advantage of the rush
for printed matter during the federal election campaign, the Open
Shop Printers of Vancouver have
sent a letter to the headquarters
of the candidates for privileged
interests—the Liberals and Conservatives— clalmlpg that no benefit would accrue to them from
using the union label on their
printing, and, stating that in the
interests of freedom election printing should be given to Open Shop
A copy pf the letter in question, printed op the stationery of
"The Open Shop Printers of Vancouver," has been secured by the
[Bombay Workers Close Mills
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK.—Bombay's cotton
1 mills aro completely closed by the
I strike of Indian workers, according
j to latest reports received by the
[Friends of Freedom for India in
LNew York. The four out of 82
linllls which were still trying to run
when reports were sent are un-
} doubt edly shut down. Thousands
[of the workers, recruited originally
[from agricultural districts, who re-
[turn to their fields from March to
I June, are again going back to their
(homes inland or on the coast.
The  150,000  strikers,  organized
lln the Textile Workers Union af inflated   with   the   All-India   Trade
f Union Congress, say that the 11%
I per cent, wage cut ls really a 20
r per cent cut; that living costs are
I still way out  of proportion;  and
that    the    part   time   threatened
' would reduce wages 16 per cent,
further.   Wages in Bombay cotton
textile workers average from $2.50
to    $4.50    monthly   for   women;
$10.50 for men on full time.   There
are  some   30,000  women  workers
and 2,000 children, all supposed to
be 12 or over and on half time
until 15.
Bombay cotton mills made 126
per cent, profit on $40,000,000 invested in 1922; 170 per cent, in
1921; and over 200 per cent, during the war. Most of the mills are
Indian owned. The Bombay Mill
Owners Association flatly refused
to consider the strikers' demands.
Some of the workers believe that
the owners wanted the strike, hoping to force the government to remove the excise duty upon every
yard of goods produced in India.
The duty and Japanese competition were the mill owners' excuses
for the wage cuts.
The workers live for the most
part in wretched "chawls," or tenements where several families are
crowded into each room and sanitary conditions are unspeakably
vile. One English writer describes
the situation as "warehousing"
rather than housing the workers.
The workers are kept constantly in
debt, because they come to the city
without money and .are forced to
bribe someone for a Job and be-
(Continued on pago 1)
Labor Advocate, and reads, ln
"Dear Sir: Since the present
federal election campaign commenced lt has again come forcibly to the notice of commercial
printers running opep shops In
Vancouver that campaign managers and candidates are demanding the union label on their election work, thereby discriminating
against those open shops.
"We are of the oplpion that
this discrimination is done thoughtlessly and without consideration
of the fact that it is merely the
survival of an obsolete custom,
and that the net results of putting a union label on election
work are S, bit less than nothing.
"Even in politics men of courage and Independence refuse longer—and with good results—to be
influenced by this (union label)
propaganda, since it has* been
pretty well established that in apy
given community not more than
3 per cent, of any vote is an organized labor vote.
"Locally, the situation is that
in all four constituencies organized labor has—as lt consistently
did in past elections—put candidates ip the field to oppose you.
"We believe, if an analysis were
possible, it would be found the
use of the union label on election
printing ln all campaigns for ten
years past never made nor lost a
single vote for either the Liberal
or Conservative parties. Its influence ls a myth and should be
treated as such. , . .
"May we say further, the opep
shops ln Vancouver produce from
65 per cent, to 70 per cent, of
all commercial printing done in
this city; that they pay union
wages, or better; have the very
best working conditions; that they
employ many good union men
without discrimination, but also
without ..th^. everlastlpg fear of
strikes, the imposition of foolish
conditions, or the intimidation of
organized labor tyranny. Our independence was purchased at a
price that makes lt Invaluable,
and it is part of your freedom as
well as ours.
"In all probability the open
shops of Vancouver control more
votes than you could ever expect
from organized labor with their
owp candidates in the field. It
ls certain, too, that more support
for the old political parties can
be expected from responsible men
of moderate opinions than from
"It is high time this union
label bunk was taken at its true
value in the field of politics as
everywhere  else.
"A committee of open shop
(Continued on page 5)
home with them ln a few months,
Conditions on the trip wore a repetition of the abominations for
which the C.G.M.M. is so notorious. While in the tropical zone
no cold drinking water could be
secured, although plenty of ice
was available.
When Vapcouver was reached
Collings was paid off. When asked by an immigration officer if
he wished to stay in the country
Collings stated that he desired to.
return home at the _earliest opportunity. Eventually he shipped
on another C.G.M.M. ship stated
to be going to the United Kingdom and the continent, but the
sailing was cancelled and the
ship's articles changed to Montreal and Quebec.
While the vessel was in New
Westminster, Collings missed his
passage. The ship was under orders to sail for Union Bay, B.C.,
and left New Westminster four
hours ahead of time, thus causing Collings to miss the ship. He
immediately applied to the C.G.
M.M. shipping agent, requesting to
get back on the ship, but was
told to wait in Varrouver until
the vessel returned. Three days
later, when 'he vessel arn.**d
back' in Vancouvtr 'rom Nn'.nn
Bay, he was chn.ged with desertion and his wages turned 6ve»-
to our government-own ad steamship line.
Today this young main is wall'
ing the streets of Vancouver tormented with thoughts of how his
wife and child are fai-ine-. now
that the bread hat, been torn from
their mouths to pay interest to
C.G.M.M.  bondholders.
This ls a sample of "life on the
ocean wave" under t'he benign
rule of the corpulent Mackenzie
Klpg—Western Canada's prosperity protagonist. The money which
should have gone to buy milk for
the baby and food for Its mother
will now help pay the fat salary
of Sir Henry Thornton. Truly did
Mackenzie King speak in Vancouver when he said: "I am opposed to having every dollar saved
on the railway eaten up on the
ocean." There will be little eatcp
on the ocean if King can do it
Reactionaries Break Poland
(By SCOTT NEARING,  Federated  Press.)
TJPTAKSAW. — Capitalist papers
" have taken mnny opportunities to describe bad economic conditions in Russia nnd to attribute
them to the Soviet regime.
American workers who have read
The ploughing is dono by,barefoot peasants-* driving single horses
before ancient plows. The furrows
are from two and a half to three
inches In depth. In some places
the sod is little more than brokon.
these stories might like to know  Seeding is done by hand and the
Highlights on This
Week's News
how things look ln capitalist Poland.
There has been no Soviet there, no
allied blockade and no famine, but
In a three-day journey across the
country, from Warsaw to Ctolpcc,
I came across an economic situation that I have not seen equalled
fields   are   harrowed   with   homemade one-horse harrows.
Women Workers
Potato   harvesting   was   at   its
height.    Women   in   their   bright
peasant costumes were doing most
of the digging.    Some used short
anywhere in thc temperate belt of  mattocks.   Most, however, did their
CANADIAN           ' Pace Eur0Pe 0r North Amerlca' digging with short straight-handled
Election  Results                          '-        1      The  Iand  ls maSnlflcent--   U  ls shovels.    Every woman that I saw
Albert* Miners  -:fn--':''X.ZXZZ\  1 slightly rolling, free of stone and working   in   the   potato   fields  of
Scab Printers Solicit Trade :,    1 very ricy__ There were places where Eastern Poland, was bare-foot. For
ana an        """""""• "\ ' : a furrow could have been run for the eight or nine hours  of their
Mother Jone ' tonoirs '..Vj*two or three miles as the crow flies, work-day they bent over this ex-
Coal Barons Fleece Scabs!"!..!."."."..! VCentral Ohio and Southern Indiana acting toil and as a wage, they re-
V. S. and Locarno      4 and Illinois have such farm land. ceived   from   one   and   a   half   to
BRITISH                 ___                   The s^p System three zloty per day (6 zloty, $1.)
G<f«^irt4Bl.t_^,'8Mft3ZZ"    7 There are no long furrows, how- Peasant women walked barefoot
Labor Conference at Liverpool >...     7 ever.     Instead,  the  land   Is  cultl- through   the   streets   of   Warsaw.
FOREIGN                  * vated   on  the  strip  system — one Peasant men ln rags, barefoot, fol-
Bombsy Cotton Workers  Strike      1 gtrlp to grass; the next to potatoes, lowed  their  carts  to  the  Warsaw
Puppet   Poland   Bankrupt       1 Ld,-* ». _.•._.<_    __r _. „.. ,,.    ..                 ~
German Postal Workera Unite      8 a third to grain and so on. (Continued on Page 2) Page Two
Friday, October 30, 1925
Mother Jones'  Memoirs
(By Federated Press.)
A/IT. OLIVE, 111.—Too ill to be
with her miner boys at the
27th annual commemoration of the
heroic defense of Illinois unionism
at Virden, Mother Jones dispatched
a letter to the arrangements committee in which she picks her last
resting place and tells the rank
and file to carry on.
"They stood bravely on the hill
and told the scabs to return to St.
Louis," Hother Jones writes of the
mine battle of Oct. 12, 1898, when
the openshep drive, though
launched by bullets that killed 4
Mt. Olive union miners, failed to
break the resistance of the workers, "i wish every state would follow Illinois in organizing its workers. My heart beats today with
devotion to those boys as it did the
morning that they gave up their
lives for a holy cause.
"When I am called I want to
take my last sleep with my brave
boys in Mt. Olive. Under no circumstances would I choose to take
my final rest in Sleepy Hollow with
Carnegie and the rest of the capitalist exploiters," Mother Jones
writes.        .
"To be with my boys both living
or dead is all that life means to
me now. Be it to their credit the
workers have always rung true to
the cause, while the same cannot
be said of thei leaders who in some
cases have bartered their principles
for a mess of pottage and prolonged the struggle of the workers
instead of standing like men true
to their pledge.
"And now, my dear boys, I wish
you success and the final triumph
of labor. Stand by your guns when
the cause is a just one."
Former International President
White spoke to the assembled miners in behalf of President John L.
Lewis, who was detained in the
east. A parade to Miners Union
cemetary where the murdered defenders lie buried was a feature of
the commemoration.
Danish Bosses Make
Bid For Soviet Trade
(Continued From Page 1.)
cause they have to borrow at 30
per cent, to 150 per cent, a month
interest in order to live until their
first pay from the mill. One of
their chief grievances is that they
are paid monthly and 15 days late!
The strike did not become general
until the middle of September,
though set for the first, because
workers waited to get their August
pay. Then many of them complained bitterly that.their employers had put the wage cut into effect on August wages instead of beginning Sept. 1.
Sickness keeps the workers from
their jobs so much that the mills
employ 16 per cent, extra substitutes. Foremen have to recruit
their own workers and misrepresent mill conditions to hold their
jobs. Forewomen may even force
subordinate women workers into
prostitution for their mill jobs. Unjust rules of all kinds exist in the
mills and every advantage is
taken of the workers' ignorance
and illiteracy. A month's notice is
required of workers before leaving,
In order for them to get paid in
time. Many pay a clerk highly to
write their notices. Many leave
without their wages. The notice is
void if the worker is absent any
time during the month before he
quits; etc.
Indian labor leaders asked the
governments of Bombay and of
India to-appoint a committee to in
vestigate the textile Industry. They
asked the British government of
India not to abolish the excise
duty unless the mill owners
promise to restore wages. However,
unless the Indian textile strikers
get outside aid they will probably
lose their strike as the Northwest
Railway strikers did a few months
ago. The Russian Textile Workers
Union sent fraternal greetings and
10,000 roubles as a demonstration
of working class solidarity but this
$5,000' ls all the help the Indian
workers have received so far.
COPENHAGEN.—A trade and
industry organization has appointed a committee to find means to
induce Soviet Russia to do more
trade with Denmark/ While in
1924 Denmark's exports amounted
to 400,000 crowps- (about $100,-
000), showing that this country
can compete with other nations,
Russia bought; only 2,000,000
crowns (about $500,000) worth,
as against 2,000,000 crowns
(about $18,000,000) in exports it
sent to Denmark,
Trade and Industrial interests
are taking all possible steps in
order to induce Russia to buy
more goods in Depmark.
A fighting labor press can't be
built by wishing. Send in your
sub today.
New Jersey Textilers
Fighting Wage Cuts
(By Federated Press)
PASSAIC, N. J.—The 400 striking operatives of the Passaic Worsted Spinning Co. refuse to accept
the compromise of 8 per cent, instead of 10 per cent, wage reductions offered by their employers
and have succeeded in getting the
machine shop employes and painters In the mill to join their walkout. This is the first group of textile workers in Passaic to resist
the wage cuts which have been
going into effect since Oct. 5. Only
about 30 loomfixers, affiliated with
the United Textile Workers Union,
are striking at Gera Mills where
1,200 workers were given wage reductions."
Foreman Harry Wattmuff of the
(Continued  from   page  1)
markets. Through the countryside were boys and girls tending
cattle, sheep and goats. It was late
in September. The nights were bitterly cold. Early in the morning
they were at their tasks, barefoot,
Housing Conditions
The vegetable gardens beside the
huts are wretchedly kept. It was
shocking to see the great stretches
of untille^ or partly tilled land—
such unused opportunity.
As for the peasant cottages,
some were built of hewn logs. A
few were shingled. Many were
thatched. Some of the people are
living in dugouts, half buried under
the earth. They had the tiniest
windows. Living conditions could
scarcely be worse.        x
Outside of the cities I did not
see a single road in Poland that
would pass in the United States as
a second-rate macadam highway.
Most of the roads were mud trails
across the countryside.
Army is Prosperous
One thing in Poland is prosperous—the army. The soldiers have
good boots. They carry swords and
automatics. The officers are decked
out In gorgeous plumes, gay uniforms, immense swords. They are
everywhere—in the streets, in the
stations, on the trains, armed to
the teeth. This little country with
its 17 millions and its army of half
a million is draining a large part
of its surplus' into this absurdly
extended military machine.
Friends of Poland may insist
that these miserable conditions are
the product of war. In part this
is true, but most of the country
exhibits the results of backward
economic organization, not of war.
Poland has had- no Bolshevik
government. During the past five
years it has been the ward of
French diplomacy and British
capitalism. Perhaps that Is why
the Polish working people are living in a state of physical wratch-
edness" that contrasts painfully
with the vastly better economic
conditions that exist just across
the border in the Soviet Republic.
Men are born to be serviceable
to one another, therefore either
reform the world or bear with it.—
Marcus Aurelius.
Men are never so likely to .settle
a question rightly as when they
discuss it freely.—Macaulay.
Watch Your
YOUR EYES mean everything to you. Don't
neglect them. If your
vision is not good, if you
have eye strain or headaches, it will pay you to
consult us.
We will advise you accurately. Our pi-ices for glasses,
if required, are very reasonable.
Optical Co.
A. Higginbotham, O.D.
Experienced Ontario  Graduate
J. R. Higginbotham, O.D.
Graduate  Los Angeles  Medical
College for Eyes
806 Granville Street
Vancouver, B.C.
All Labor Men Patronize Va
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 Metropolitan Bldg.
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Pacific
Bldg., 744 Hartings St. W.
HASKINS  A   ELLIOTT,   »00   Pindar
Street W. The belt maku of blcyclae
on eaay termi.         _]
Arthur Frith & Co., 2813 Main St.
H. Harvey, 68 Cordova St. W.
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastings St. B.
Hannah Lund, 921 Birki Bldg., fivei
instant relief;  evening! by appointment.
Sey.*- 1218. *_.    	
Dr. d. a. McMillan, palmer'
Graduate. Open dally and evenings. Dawson Blk., cor. Hastlngi and'
Main.    Phone Sey. 8954.
Phone Sey. 7187
Dr.  W.  J.   Curry,  801  Dominion
Red Star Drug Store,  Cor.  Cor-
dova and Carrall.	
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 48 Hutings St. E. "        	
*-* —'——-—
Cordova St. W., few doora wait af
Woodward's. Sey. 8687. Wholeiale ani
retail window  glass.
Grandview   Hospital—Medical,   snrg*
leal,   maternity.     1090   Vlotoria   Drlve.a
High.  137. "
Everyone, can see the ill effects
of bad theories. It is only about
good theories that they are sleep*-*
tlcal.—Hobhouse, in "Social Development."
Say you saw it advertised in the
Passaic Worsted mill was acquitted
of an assault charge preferred
against him by striking girl workers against whom he had turned
a fire extinguisher. The girls were
fifth floor employes *jnd the foreman was from the third floor; so
the court decided that the foreman
was right to defend his section
against possible attack by the girls!
Geo. McCi
ieo. mc^uaig
Phona Sey. 1070
748 Richards Street, Vancouver, B.O.
The Ratepayers of South Vancouver are being called upon to exercise their franchise on
Saturday, November 7th, 1925, to decide'the question:
"Are you in favor of the creation of
a Greater Vancouver Water District?"
The Corporation of the District of South Vancouver are calling meetings at the following
times and places to explain the Act.* A good attendance is,requested.,  '*•*
G.W.V.A. HaU, Cor. Cecil ahd Kingsway-TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 3rd
Community.Hall, 44th: and Victoria—WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 4th
I.O.O.F. Hall, 30th and Main Street-WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 4th
At 8 o'Clock P.M.
Famous   Cloak   &  Suit   Co.,    618
Hastings West.
Hudsona Bay Coy.,  Granville St.
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cordova
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main Bt.
men's suras
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and Haatings Streets.
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20  Cordova
V paired, by expert. Will Edmnndi,
965 Robaon  St.    Sey. 2094.	
Pitman  Optical House,  615  Hast-
Ings West. _^
Gregory   &   Reld,   117   Hastings
Street East.	
Canada Pride Range Co., 346 Hast-
lngs Street East.	
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carrall
C. E. Heard, 9B9 Robson Street.
. ==
SEALED TENDERS, addressed to thc
undersigned, will be received by thc
Council up to 8:00 o'clock p.m. or
Monday, November 2, 1925, lor paving
the following streets:
10th Avenue (south side), Blanca
Drive to Imperial Street.
Dunbar Street' (west side), 25tb Ave
nuo to 29th Avenue.*
King Edward Avenne (north side)
Granville Street to Oak Street,
Form of tender, specifications and ful!
information may he obtained on application to the Municipal Engineer on
payment Of the sum of $5.00, which
will be returned on receipt of a bona
fido  tender.
A deposit by certified cheque of ten
(10) .per .cent, of the amount tendered
will he .required, with each tender as
security that the tenderer will, If called
upon, .enter into: a-Contract,' ttni provide
the. required .bond for. the performance
of the work. " '  '
The lowest ot*any tender not necessarily accepted.
C. M. 0.
.Municipal Hall,
5851 West Boulevard,
Vancouver, B.O.
October 27th,  1925. . -Friday, October 30, 1925
Page Three
luge Electrification        N.Y. Teachers Question
Plan For Donetz Basin      Mayoralty Candidates
German Postal Workers   Belgian Labor Starts
Are All in One Union     Central Strike Scheme
MOSCOW.—The    present    year
vill see the completion in the Donetz Basin of the powerful Scher-
|if electrical power station, which
tvill   provide   about   100,000   kilo-
vatt  electrical  power.    But  thta
Is  not  all that is  done  for the
electrification of the Donet* Basin.
jit is also being electrified now by
aother method, that of an electrical ring.
All the existing electrical power
Stations in the Donetz Basin are
now being extended and connected
vith each other, into one ring, by
leans   of   electrical   transmission
lines.    When this work has been
completed the combined power of
Jhese   electrical 'stations   in    the
.opetz Basin will be 670,000 kilo-
Ivatt.    It  is   estimated   that  this
treat work will take 15 years, but
pome   results  have  already   been
Achieved.    In some parts of the
Jonetz Basin parts of the great
ling,    which    will    embrace    the
Ivhole basin, already exist.    Here
Ind there these parts are already
being  linked  up into  one whole.
Strenuous work is going on in the
Jonetz Basin which will put everything on ap electrical basis, in-
bludlng ploughs and trucks.
linety Women Lynched
In Thirty-six Years
(By Federated Press)
NEW    YORK.—Ninety    women
lave been lynched in the United
Itates since 1889, the National As-
"pciatlon for the Advancement of
folored People announces from its
pmpllation  of lynching statistics.
lost of the women were colored.
pcept for one case ln Nebraska,
ne in Wyoming and two in mis-
frurl   (only one   of the   Missouri
timen colored; three others white)
the  cases  are   from  southern
fates:  Alabama,  9;  Arkansas,  9;
[lorida,  3;  Georgia, 8;  Kentucky,
Louisiana,    5;   Mississippi,  16;
|orth  Carolina,  2;   Oklahoma,  3;
DUth  Carolina,   6;   Tennessee,   7;
lexas, 11; Virginia and West Vir-
|nia,   one   each.    A   full   list   of
ames, dates and places Is issued
the N.A.A.C.P.    The last case
incurred ln 1923.
(By Federated Press)
NBW YORK.—The New York
Teachers Union is asking pertinent
questions of all mayoralty candidates in the city; whether as
mayor each would favor a fiscally
independent board of education;
whether as mayor he would try to
secure legislation towards electing
the board of education; whether he
would try to eliminate partisan
politics in the administration of
public schools; whether he would
build up the merit system of promotion instead of using political,
racial or religious connections of
aspirants as a guide to promotion;
whether he would stand unqualifiedly for a reduction in the size of
classes and fdr a radical change in
the school building program to prevent erection of more large factory-like buildings; whether he
would favor basing salaries on the
pre-war dollar's purchasing value,
which would mean an increase in
teacher's pay; whether he would
favor the representation of organized labor and of teachers on the
board of education. The Teachers
Union charges *the present city
school administration of political
favoritism and partisan domination
which greatly hinders educational
The labor unions of Soviet Russia have invited the Danish unions to send a delegation of twenty members to visit the Soviet
workers and investigate the conditions under which the Russian
workers live. The invitation includes attending the gigantic anniversary celebrations in Rusila of
the establishment of the Soviet
government on November 7, 1917.
and the1 Russian congress of metal
workers. A number of Danish
workers are expected to participate.
. .1
The 1924 apnual report on the
Indian factories act shows that
during the year the total number
of registered factories increased
from 434 to 465, and the number
of those actually working from
399 to 434; while in the same period the number of operatives increased from 49,110 to 59,842. The
report makes claims of improved
working conditions for all factory
hands, but it is known those conditions are incredibly bad.
Socialism is the movement of the
roducers whose labor of hand and
rain provides the necessities of
^e for all and dignifies and ele-
ates human existence.—Arthur
Hungarian Consulate
Pickets Are Arrested
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK.—Five more pickets
placed by the International Labor
Defense New York Section in front
of the Hungarian consulate on
Morris street near Wall were arrested and given suspended sentences on charge of disorderly conduct. The pickets carried banners
demanding release of Mathlas Ra-
kosi, Hungarian communist imprisoned in . Budapest by the
Horthy dictatorship. The judge
ruled that their picketing was not
allowable In spite of the fact that
the judge who gave suspended sentence to 15 workers arrested last
week for similar picketing ruled
that five pickets was permissible.
Further demonstrations against
Hungarian injustice will be continued.   .
Nineteen leaders of the Unitarian Confederation of Labor were
arrested   in   the   Bucharest   trade
union local.    These workers, who
were  arrested,  form  the  Oeneral
Trade Union Commission, and had
come to an ordinary meeting
where the following questions
were on the agenda for the day:
The trade union position, election
of members" for the labor councils, council election, trade union
congress, the press, trade congress, industrial internationals,
(By Federated Press)
BERLIN. — The amalgamation
just effected between the German
General Postal Workers union and
the post aud telegraph section of
the big German Transport union
unites in a single union all German
postal workers, of whatever grade,
who are organized in the regular
unions. It had been feared that
the prejudices of some of the functionaries would stand in the way
of complete unity between white-
collar and manual workers.
The principle of amalgamation of
existing unions into industrial
unions has for some time been fully
accepted by the German labor
movement, but of late opposition
has arisen. The recent Breslau
convention of the General Federation of Trade Unions, while again
endorsing the principle of industrial
unionism, made certain provisions
for averting friction between unions
in the transition period, which it
recognized would take some time.
Regulations were therefore approved restoring the previous mutual agreement system between
unions in the same industry, and
it was decided that "No trade union
shall formulate demands for itself
independently, without first endeavoring to come to an agreement with the other unions involved."
Coal Barons Intend
To Skin Their Scabs
A lockout of 30,000 German
glass workers is threatened by
the glass manufacturers' association in its campaign to increase
the working day. Over 5.000
Berlin glass workers have been
on strike since August 31 for
restoration of the 4 8-hour week.
It is to break this strike as well
as to enforce a 10 or 12-hour
day throughout the industry that
the lockout notices have been issued.
Roumania Prosecutes
Trade Union Leaders
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nd those of your neighbors and
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Reaction is well on the ramp in
Roumania, where, under the
screen of martial law, every sort
of empty and out-dated charge is
being raked up against working
class leaders.
A court martial is trying tho
General Council of the National
Trade Union Centre for circulating the May appeal of the International Federation of Trade Unions on behalf of the universal
eight-hour day and the demand
for general disarmament, while a
number of miners' leaders have
just been arrested for the "crime"
of holding a meeting last April to
sign a petition asking for permission to hold a May Day celebration and for assisting the unemployed.
The minimum penalty to which
the accused are liable Is two
years'  imprisonment.
A 24-hour general strike took
place in Milan September 23 as
a protest against grafting a monopoly to the fascist unions in
wage negotiations, but not a word
about it was published in any
Italian paper, labor or capitalist.
The fascist censorship was right
on the job, and only indirectly
has the news reached German labor center*.
(Federated Press.)
the coal operators mean to fleece
the scabs doubly by controlling
their purchases as well as then-
wages is evidenced by the experience of Dewey Miller, a farmer
living two and one-half miles
from Everettville. Miller complains to W. French Hunt, prosecuting attorney, that he has been
ordered off the property and
roads of the New England Fuel
and Navigation Co. for selling apples and beans to the local mining
Miller charges that his low
prices—in the case of apples his
offering was $1 a bushel in contrast to $6 per bushel charged by
the company—were the cause. H.
Clay Miller, a neighbor of Dewey
Miller, made' a similar complaint.
The prosecuting attorney stated
he was powerless.
(By British Labor Press Service.)
LONDON.—Considerable interest
"attaches to the main points of tne
scheme for a Central Btrike Fund,
the principle of which was approved by a large majority at the
last Belgian Trades Union Congress.
The project provided for:—
Compulsory contributions from
all affiliated bodies, who would be
responsible for regular subscriptions.
Contributions to be levied in two
categories: one for men. and for
women on the same wage level as
men (who pay l&d. to 2__. per
head according to mean.*!), the
other for woipen and young persons, whose rate of contribution
would be from about %d. to 1-ftd.
The right of the National Centre
to call for special levies.
Strike benefits to begiii after the
second week of a dispute, as the
affiliated bodies are expected to be
able to maintain strikes for a fortnight from their own funds.
One of the most important points
of the scheme is that organizations
entering upon a strike without the
consent of the National Centre will
recieve no benefits from the central
If the consent of the National
Centre has been given, it is to be
represented on the strike committee in its capacity as representative of all the affiliated organizations, and it has the right to decide
to terminate the strike, if it thinks
such a step necessary.
In this case also the organizations on strike are nevertheless still
free to continue, but in so doing
they again surrender their right to
Chicago Bank Clerks
Oust Radical Member
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The French losses in the war
against the Riffians in Morocco
have, up to October 1, amounted
to 2,176 killed, including 37 officers and 8,297 wounded, according to the report made by Premier Painleve before the finance
committee of the chamber of deputies in an appeal for more
funds to carry on the war.
The governor of the Finnish
province of Hjuland has refused
visas to the Finnish trade union
delegation to the Soviet Union.
The delegation has been ready to
go to Russia for a month now.
but it is hindered and sabotaged
in every possible way by the Finnish authorities.
The cabinet has decided to terminate the state of martial law
which has been In force since the
bomb explosion in the Svetl Krai
Cathedral on April 16, ln which
more than 150 persons were killed.
(By Federated Press)
CHICAGO.—Explusion is the
penalty meted out to President Joe
Shafir by the Chicago Bank Employes Association for sponsoring
radical resolutions at the American
Federation of Labor convention
which he attended as the union's
delegate. Shafir was accused of
disobeying instructions and of making organization work in Chicago
banks impossible by his act.
At tho union meeting whicli
voted by a large majority to expel
him Shafir maintained his right to
act independently. He also reminds
his accusers that they knew he was
a Workers party member when
they elected him delegate to the A.
F. of L. He attributes the hostility partly to counter revolutionary
Russians employed with him in the
Amalgamated Trust & Savings
Bank, whero the union's membership is largely concentrated, and to
zeal on the part of certain union
members for the interests of the
bank as distinct from that of the
working class.
The union Is chartered directly
by the A. F. of L. executive council
as Federal Local 17,709.
Unskilled Workers Are
Organized in Germany
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J.—German chemical workers, most of
them unskilled workers, are organized in the general Factory Workers union says, Otto Iserland, accompanying president Schumann
of the German Traffic Workers
union at the A. F. of L. convention.
Iserland is surprised to discover
that the American organized labor
movement does not include any
general union of unskilled or factory workers. "For the • last 30
years we in Germany have had
these workers in a union," he says.
Certain groups of American factory workers are organized under
jurisdiction of different international unions, Iserland was told,
but the lack of general organization among American factory workers makes it more difficult for
German and American labdr to
come" together against tho growing
international combinations of capital, Iserland sees.
Enraged Boss Attacks
Union Business Agent
CHICAGO, III.—Harry Wlnnick,
business asent of the Retail
Clerks' Union Local. 195, is in hospital following an attack with a
razor made upon him by Meyer
Ossey, part owner of the Ossey
Bros. Department Store. The union had Ossey arrested, but he
was later released on $3,000 bail.
The employees of Ossey Bros,
store had walked out after the
unlO|P representatives had failed
t» get the company to sign an
agreement with the union. Pickets had been placed at the store
carrying banners telling prospective purchasers that the store was
unfair to union labor and that a
strike was on. Ossey, in desperation, seeing that.** no customers
were entering his establishment,
attacked the business agont, who
was one of the pickets, with a
razor, attempting to kill him. Page Four
Friday, October 30, 1925
I i
fedlkriol /pft^e,
A depress  All  Letters  apd
' :amittances to the Editor
Ws\t (Eanatatt ffiator Afctwraft
■Ma '
/lUlllllll' *
1128 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C.
Phone Sey. 2132
:: Capitalism's ::
W-ekiy Pageant
-TTHREE former British premiers.
Asquith, Balfonr and Ramsay
MacDonald, are reported to have
formed a society in the British
Isles for the purpose of bringing
abont a "golden age of health."
How this is to be accomplished is
not stated, bnt to the average mind
thc logical path to follow would be
to furnish tlie inhabitants with suf-
f icient food to enable them to retain their physical strength. That
this society intends doing this obvious thing need hardly be expected.
It can only be accomplished by
wiping out tlie cause of unemployment and hunger—the capitalist
system—and there is nothing to in-
dicate that either of the threo
gentlemen will take such a step.
*    *   »
UNCLE SAM is sparing no effort
to have the mind of the people
of America prepared for a war with
Japan. This necessary ideological
groundwork is being carefully attended to. At a university debate
hi Illinois American imperialists
secured the services of three British
debaters who informed the audience
that Japanese imperialists were
stating that the United Stntps would *
soon be theirs by right of conquest.
After a few more doses like tlmt
the two Imperialist groups concerned will be about ready to lead
the workers of both countries to
the shambles. So long as the workers fight each  other the boss is
• •    •
pOOD crops on tlie prairies is
*** causing tlio Vancouver Publicity Bureau to get busy. Extensive
advertising will be done among the
farmers telling them the advantage
of spending the winter on the coast.
Meantime the City of Vancouver
is busy advising the men who have
reaped tho harvest that they had
better keep away from here if they
desire to escape hungr. Those that
have money ure welcome. Those
that have none should be put in
cold storage until required. "For
mon don't count, and women don't
count, there's nothing lhat counts
but cash."   Deny it who can.
• *   »
now LEGS, stooped shoulders,
•*-' and sunken chests are the results of eating the wrong kind of
food, according to an American lecturer. If the gentleman had ever
taken a good look at a group of
men doing real hard work perhaps
he might ring that in as a contributory cause, that is, providing he
was willing to be truthful, which
is somewhat unlikely. The man
who hus only 15 tents with which
to buy a "coffee an'" has very little choice as to wliat he shall eat.
The main consideration is what will
fill up most.
• *    •
THE SUK, in referring to the election results, remarks that: "A
change of doctors does not necessarily cure disease." That is perfectly correct, especially when one
switches from one quack doctor to
another. Neither King nor
Meighen have the inclination or
desire to perforin u surgical operation on the body politic, and in this
case the disease can be cured only
by am operation. The real means
of remedy lies in changing* from
quack doctors to qualified surgeons, i.e., the Labor Party.
The lands of England have been
disposed of according to two laws
—the law of the strongest and the
law of the most cunning; hence
England's pauperism and England's moral degradation.—Patrick
Edward Dove.
Labor's Post-Election Objectives
TTNLIKE the Liberal and Conservative parties, Labor's, campaign does not end with the eleetion. Polling day is
merely the place from where we note our gains and losses,
and from where we make a fresh start. Our campaign must
continue until capitalism is uprooted. Labor has no preelection promises to bury and conveniently forget, nor fraudulent nostrums to lock in the cupboard until next election.
The task of educating and winning over those members of
our class who still adhere to the gilded dogmas voiced by
Uie representatives of a moribund social system is as necessary on the day following an election as on the day previous.
This task is not one that can be accomplished in a few
hectic weeks of parliamentary campaigning. The work of explaining and implanting in the minds of our fellow workers
ai-knowledge and understanding of the complexities and interrelationships of our social life is an undertaking requiring
years of unremitting effort. But although it may be a task
of stupendous proportions, yet that merely proves that greater
effort is required. The forces of social development marches
on our side, and we are not dismayed by the colossal dimensions of the work to be accomplished.
To the spokesmen of capitalism, education has no relation to politics. To them politics is electioneering, holding in
thrall a subjeet class, and perchance lining their own individual pockets. To their alleged institutions of learning is allotted the task of stultifying the hopes and aspirations of the
working class by keeping them in ignorance on important
social questions. To a Liberal or Conservative, an educated
man is a social menace who should be jailed at the first convenient opportunity; to Labor, a working man with an understanding of social questions is a priceless asset. In education, as in everything else, the party of Labor and the parties
of capitalism are diametrically opposed, because an extension
of knowledge in the former spells the extinction of the latter.
The ideological battle is the crux of Labor's political activities. While a worker's mind is warped with a bourgeois
training he is an easy prey to the platitudinous shibboleths of
our adversaries, but, armed with a knowledge of history,
economics and sociology, he can hold his own against all-comers and glib election slogans fail to impress him.
The mental, strings that fetter the minds of the workers
must be broken. Capitalist concepts must be replaced with a
working class perception. The traditions, prejudices and fears
generated by years of mental slavery must be broken down
and the workers' thought process freed from the yoke of
bourgeois restrictions. The line which separates the problems
and "issues" of capitalism from questions directly affecting
the well-being of the working class is not always easy to distinguish; nor is it always easy to tell paths that lead to the
fortifying of bourgeois institutions from roads that incline to
working class control. To dissimilate the one from the other
a theoretical training is necessary, and this must be carried
out if we are to avoid the numerous pitfalls and blind alleys
that lie ahead and the pitiful spectacle of working class representatives wasting their time and energy attempting to solva
the unsolvable contradictions of capitalism. For this a Marxist
education is necessary.
The task of rallying the workers and uniting them in industrial organizations is as necessary as educational activities,
and is of equal political importance. The one is complementary to the other. The political and industrial movements of
the working class are not two separate things which, like oil
and water, cannot be mixed. Both are part and parcel of one
and the same thing—a subject class struggling upward and
onward, fighting for liberation against tremendous odds.
Trades unions are not only centres for fighting for improved
living standards, they also serve as the place where masses of
workers are brought under working class influence, and where
thr ragh experience they learn the need for independent working class political activity. Canada has a huge mass of unorganized workers who must be rallied under the banner of then-
class and thus brought into the struggle.
Labor's campaign did not end on October 29th. It only
(By LAURENCE TODD, Federated
WASHINGTON.—Signing of the
Locarno security pact by
Prance, Qermany, Belgium, Britain
and Italy has given great satisfaction to official and financial Washington, which speaks for financial
President Coolidge is pleased because he sees in the peace agree-
mtnt the removal of one or more
excuse for non-payment'of French
and Italian debts to the American
treasury. That excuse is the German 'peril which requires that
requires that France and Italy
maintain big armaments. That is
to say, France fears the Germans,
and Italy will not disarm while
France is armed. Now they are
all under bond to keep the peace,
and Coolidge sees no reason why
they cannot promptly cut their
military budgets and turn the savings over to Secretary Mellon.
The state department is pleased
because diplomacy has scored.
True, the British tory diplomats'
scheme of making Germany agree
to let French armies pass through
Germany to defend Poland and
Czecho-Slovakia against the Soviet
Union was abandoned. Tchlcherin
had seen the Germans first, and
had shown them the advantage of
holding aloof from the anti-Russian combination at Locarno. But
at least Germany has signed up
with the other western powers, and
professional diplomacy will get
credit for having saved Europe
from chaos. Germany has been
brought into the League of Nations.
Germany will begin the process of
remaking the league from within.
No longer is the league the combination of conquering allies that it
has bee'n. Germany is making the
League safe for America—unless
she makes it safe for Russia instead—and American politics may
now take a turn which will make
a pro-League attitude safe for the
state department. That will please
the department,    *,
That Germany will proceed, as a
member of the League council, to
move for a change in the terms of
the covenant which will remove
the danger that the penalty clause
may be used to justify a war on
Russia, is felt to be certain. That
American influence will be used,
through London, to counteract this
move, is equally certain. Through
the screen of guaranties and
pledges the Washington government sees one thing very clearly—
that the western European powers
are in so serious an economic situation that each one of them will be
more tempted to enter into close
relations with the Soviet Union, and
hence to take steps to bring the
Soviets into the League, than will
the United Sates in the next few
years. Washington ls glad that
Moscow had no direct part in the
Lacorna pact, and it hopes that the
new treaties will swing all of western Europe into an anti-Russian
entente in which the German nationalists will force their government actually, if not formally to
accept. It is their dream of a
league to defend private property.
Insurance Mongers Real
Good Harvest in Canada
(By Federated Press)
MONTREAL.—The  A.  F.  of L.l
plan to develop labor life insurance!
creates interest in Canada, as many|
Canadian   companies   with   small!
capital have made amazing profits.]
The Confederation Life Associa-f
tion pays 20 pey cent, dividends onl
a paidup capital of $100,000 and]
has created a net surplus of $4,-|
588,000.    Tfte London Life Insurance Co., with a paidup capital ot
$100,000, pays a dividend of 16 per|
cent,   and   has   a   net   surplus   of
$866,000.    The Dominion Life In-J
surance Co. has a paidup capital of
$200,000, a net surplus of $880,001.
and pays dividends 16 per cent. The!
Great West Life Insurance Co. witl*|
a capital-of $1,000,000, pays 20 per
cent, and has a net surplus of $l,-j
741,000.    The Sun Life Insurance
Co. of Canada, pays 15 per cent J
dividends  on a paidup capital oT
$2,000,000  and  has  a  surplus  of
$20,957,000, being the most import-J
ant life company In Canada.
Patronize  Our  Advertisers
When machines were firBt used,
the laborers were an ignorant mob
who had not yet learned to work
together. But their work-trained
them to act together. Their sufferings soon taught them to rebel
together.—A. M. Simons.
In improved methods of efficiency ln confiscating the products
of industry, the modern capitalist
is far in advance of the feudal lord
and tribal chieftain.—H. E. Branch
—MMta ucond Monday in tht montk]
Pruidtnt, J. B. Whit*; unitary, B.
Neelandi.    P. O. Box 68.     '
111, tie Pender St. Weit.    Buiineii
muting!  !•> »nd  Srd  Wednuday evenl
inft.    B. H. Neelanda, Chairman; I. }T
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8514 Prinot Edward Stroot, Vancouver
B.C., Correiponding Seontery.
Any dlitriot ia Britiih Columbia i_
ilrlnf information ro locuring tpnktf
or tbo formation of loul branohu, klnf
It oominunioatt with Provlnolal Sio.f
tary J. Lyla Tolford, 624 Birki Bldf!)
Vuoouvor,    B.O.    Toliphono    Seymou*
13W, or Bayvlow 6680.	
Mooti noond Thunday every montl
ln Holdon Building. Proiidont, J. Bright!
will;   Unanolal   loorotary,   H.   A.   Bow]
ron, 781 18th Ava. Eait.	
28—Moot! flnt and third Friday! ii
tha month at 145 Haitingi W., at i
p.m. Preildent, R. K. Brown, 2531
Charlei St.; leoretary-treainrer, George"
Harriion, 1182 Parker St.
•—Looal 182—Mooti ovory WedneidaJ
at I p.m., Room 80S, Holdon Bulldlnf
Proiidont, Oharlu Prloo; buiineu agon]
and finanoial loorotary, F. L. Hunt; Mf
cording iperotary, J. T. Venn.       	
UNION, Looal 146, A. F. ot M.-1
Moit! in G.W.V.A. Hall, Soymour aal
Pondor Stroota, leoond Sunday at 11
a.m. Proiidont, E. O. Millor, 991 'Hot
■on itroot; iecretary, E, A. Jamloion
901 Nelion itreet; finanoial Heritor*
W. X. Wllliami, 8S1 Nelion itroot; ei|
ganiior, F. Fletcher, 891 Nelion iteul
UNION   OF   CANADA—Headquarto-"
at Roomi i,  • and  7,  Flaik BnUdli.
ltt Haitingi Stroot W., Vanoouver, B.C
Tol. Boy. 1698. Proiidont, Bobert Tho_r
Vloo-Proiidint,   David   GUIoipli;   Boo';
Treaiunr, Wm. H. Donaldion.   Viitan.
Branoh,  Boom  11, Green  Bloek,  Brea]
Street, Viotorla, B.O.   Phone 1908.
Pniidont, B. P. Pettlpleoe; vloo-prei
ident,  O,  F.  Campbell;  iioretary-treeJ
urer,   B.   H.   Neelandi,   P.O.   Box   "
Meeti lait Bunday of eaeh month at I
p.m. in Holden Building, 18 Haitingi '
UNION,   No.   118—Pnildont,   8.
Maedonald;    iecretary-tnaianr,   J.
Campbell,   P.O.   Box   889.     Mooti   In
Thunday of eaoh month.
Slabor JUmorati
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 1129 Howe St.
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Member Tha Federated Press and Thl
British labor Press pay, October ,30, 1925
Page Five
Art In Russia
American Dance Halls
Shock German Visitors
fOSCOW.—Yesterday at one of
the Moscow art schools I had
{opportunity to look over the rett work of the younger Russian
Ists, the artists who have been
ftlcularly influenced by the
fesian revolution. While much of
enthusiasm of the revolution
gone into  posters,  of which
fisians    have    produced    some
fendld  specimens,  painting  also
llects the revolutionary enthusi-
.Strength of line, color and de-
In was the dominant character
fthe exhibition.   There was noth-
flat.    Enthusiasm,  vigor and
rpose were everywhere.
The  picture   varied  greatly   in
athod.   Cubism  was  there  and
Inple  realistic  painting.   But  all
fqwed creative eagerness.
There were a few portraits, some
cellent  landscapes  and  a  large
Imber of pictures depicting strug-
I—a   group   of   miners,   lamps
fhted, in the early dawn, enter-
the pit for their day's work;
l firing   squad   executing   three
lisoners;" Budenny, surrounded by
cavalry, riding through the
|sk; a city rising triumphant
om the effects of a fierce snow
[One picture, entitled Composi-
jin, stood out vividly among the
st. It was a large canvas, done
very dark colors. Instead of
oving from the left to the right
| moved from the bottom to the
At the base of his picture an
fctomobile climed a steep hill. A
nn in a silk hat, his eyes wide
with terror, was leaning from the
car. Another well-dressed man was
raising his hands in protest against
the struggle proceeding above him.
There, rising through the picture;
was a fascist, pistol in hand, defending the car and its inmates.
Ignorance was threatening everybody with an automatic. Already,
however, a soldier of the red army
had him firmly by the wrist. Higher
up another fascist was attacking a
red figure, the proletariat, strong,
luminous, emerging out of the
background and throwing a red
glow. At the extreme top was"
famine reaching skyward, his
throat clutched by a worker carrying the Soviet star on his cap.
Ignorance is in hand. Famine is
being strangled. Fascism remains
the only danger. There is not a
suggestion of beauty or gentleness
or love. It is a stark and terrible
portrayal of the last decade of Russian life.
Peter Williams is the artist, a
Russian in his early twenties.
Last spring I looked at the art
exhibit in the Chicago tet Institute.
Lovely wood scenes, pretty children, graceful women, pleasure
parties were the themes. ' It was
the reflection of leisure class folks
—at home and at play. One who
looked at this Chicago exhibition
would not dream that there were
stockyards and steel mills In Chicago.
But a visitor to this Russian exhibit can be under no misapprehension. There.has been a revolution in Russia and Russian life
is struggling forward to new forms
of expression—struggling and winning.
(By Federated Press)
most shocking sight two of tjie
German trades union delegation attending the American Federation
of Labor convention have yet seen
is an American dance hall. One
of the two visitors tells that they
went out unattended one evening
ahd ventured into a dance hall.
When they *found young girls employed by the dance hall manager
to work from noon to midnight, an
almost unbroken 12-hour shift,
dancing with all comers at two or
three, cents a dance, the German
delegates could scarcely believe
they were in the United tSates
where labor is supposed to be so
well paid and have such fine conditions, Feelingly the delegate declared that the girl dancers were'"
nearly distraught with the strain
of their work.
Not even New York's eastside
made so great an impression on
these two German unionists. They
were shown the crowded Jewish
and Italian tenement district by
their guides and commented "How
dirty!" But they did not see the
sweatshops where old men and
women and young boys and girls
still toil early and late pulling bastings, sewing on buttons, and performing other unskilled tasks on
men's and women's and children's
garments. If the German union
visitors saw these workers on the
streets carrying great bundles of
finished work back to the shops, or
dragging bundles of work to be
done in little children's carts, they
probably did not realize what they
were seeing.
[Instalment Flood Presage
BILL labbrd.prepare to weather
the storm which bankers fore-
as a result of the stupendous
|lation due to instalment buying?
Ws question is suggested by read-
' the more farseeing business re-
£ws.   They hold that the present
ilfway  prosperity  will  crack as
fon  as  the  speculative  building
om ceases producing the wages
tilch  carry   the part-time   pay-
ants along from month to month.
he outlook  beyond  1?2B   is  not
►instalment buying," says the
Jitionaf City Bank, "is creating a
feat body of indebtedness which
111 have a first claim on earnings
ithe future, and while it stimu-
fes business in the present there
Jty be unpleasant after effects."
["The almost phenominal growth
[retail buying based on easy pay-
Jsnts extending over long terms,"
lys the Cleveland Trust Co., "has
Jen promoted by a multitude of
Bance companies that have
Irted up and continued in busi-
Ess because they found it easy to
Irrow the money with which to
ferate. This new extension of
ay instalment purchasing has
leatly aided in lifting auto sales
^new high records and in bring-
about a great increase in the
Ee of electrically driven household
The National Bank of Commerce
Ids: "There is no doubt that an
Iportant proportion of the Urban
Ipulation of moderate means is
feady obligated heavily for in-
llments on -homes, automobiles,
Jlio outfits, furniture and even
Commenting on these various re-
bwa Benjamin Baker of The An-
llist says; "This is the dominating
liture in the business of today,
Id it is certainly in large part an
Jsound feature, both in its social
[Suits and purely as business. A
asoning scrutiny of the current
atistlcs of business shows pretty
learly that both hopes and pros-
pets of heavy business for the rest
the year are founded mainly on
[ie belief that the forced buying
i an inflated credit basis will con-
nue ior at least that length  of
Ime, and without any shock severe
|iough to  tip  over the  pyramid.
That it will topple over, ultimately,
is ail but certain."
Baker quotes a' banker in one
of the western federal reserve cities
who saysV "There is at least $5,-
000,000,000 of part payment paper
outstanding—about 1|12 of our entire national income for a year."
(It ls about % of the annual wages
paid factory workers and ■& of the
total wages paid by mines, factories
and land transportation).
Baker says: "It is probably not
an overstatement to say that the
most Judicious bankers, all over the
country, are making preparations
to weather a storm of which there
is yet no visible and material indi-.
• cation."
How about labor?
Vancouver Open Shop
Printers Whine for Larger
Share of Election Trade
(Continued from Page 1)
printers will have pleasure in interviewing you within a few.days
to get an expression of opinion
• from you on this matter. Yours
very truly,
The letter itself requires but
little comment. Like Limburger
cheese, it speaks for itself in a
voice that stinks in the nostrils
of any self-respecting working
man, but it may not be amiss to
point out a few of the more outstanding prevarications.
Open shop printers do not produce from 65 per cent, to 70 per
cent, of all commercial printing
done in Vancouver, as can be verified by a glance at the number
and capacity of non-union establishments as compared with union
ones. Where uniop wages are
paid it ls because of the standards set by the Typographical
Union, and would not exist but
for that body; and the "very best
working conditions" enjoyed in
non-union shops means that the
men concerned must work 48
hours per week, as compared to
44 hours ln union establishments.
It is apparent from the above
that open Bhop printers. have received but a small part of elec-
British Delegation
Visits Soviet Union
MOSCOW.—The English .parliamentary delegation, consisting of
• several members of the Labor
' party, including Messrs. Walhead
Taylor, Grenfell and others, that
lately arrived at Moscow, visited
the session of the Central Executive Committee of the U.S.S.R.
When the delegates appeared ln
the hall, Kalinin, president of the
C.E.C., suspended the sitting and
welcomed the English guests. Mr.
Walhead, as chairman of the delegation, said ln reply:
"We are very grateful for the
cordial reception accorded to ua
and we congratulate you on the
Drllllant success of your work of
reconstruction of Russia. Your
union must unite all peoples ipto
one strong union. We intend to
study your methods and follow
your path. We are trying to bring
pressure on our government in order that it put relations with
your eountry on the same level
with other cou*ntrieB."
Kalinin replied by stressing the
significance of the closer re-ap-
prochement between the English
laborers and the U.S.S'.R. that ia
taking place .-lately. "We should
like you," he said, "to study alJ
that is being done ln the Soviet
Union, and, after your return t«
England, to use it i*n the interests of the working class."
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK.—About 800 bootblacks of upper westslde New York
shops are striking for $22 to $26 a
week; one day's rest in seven;
hours of 8 a.m, to 8 p.m., except
Saturdays," 8 a.m, to 10 p.m., and
Sundays or holidays, 8 a.m. to 3
p.m. The workers are members of
the newly organized United Hat
Cleaners, Shoemakers and Bootblacks Independent local union.
What is the matter with the poor
is Poverty; what ls the matter with
the rich is Uselessness.—G. B.
tlon printing, and are making a
bid to draw attention to themselves. If they are already doing
70 per cent, of tho printing, why
be a hog apd whine for more?
Business Is Good
because we are in the low.
rent district and thus able to
figure close.
Greb Work Boot, tan or black,
with or without toecap; sizes
6 to 11; special  $1.06
Men's first quality Knee Gum
Boots, new stock; sizes 6 to
11    $4.26
Men's 5-Eyelet Lace Gum Boots
for .".    $3.96
Children's Knee Gum Boots, sizes
6. to 10,%  .,  $1.96
Men's Dress' Sain Coats; $12.60
value for  $8.46
Flannelette Blankets, white or
grey; 10-1, $1.90; 11-4, $2.26,
12-4   ,.  $2.76
Mail Us Tour Orders.
Llama Socks; pair.  46c
Arthur Frith&Co.
Men'a   and   Boyi'   Purniihingi,
Bati, Boota and Shoei
Between   7th   and   8th   Avenues
Phono Fair. 14
Hand Made Loggers' and
Seamen's Boots
NORTH VANOOUVBB     Phono 1181
We Havo Soma Ctood Boyi in
Cash   Payments   Aa  Low  Al  -?mw
Phono Soy. 7406       1386 OranviUe 81
Soy. 486               32 Hutlngi St. B.
The Electric Shop Ltd.
Sey. 6789          414 Haitingi 81 W.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
401-408 Metropolitan Building
IS7 Haitingi 81 W., Vancouvor, B.O.
Telephones: Soymonr (666 ul 6667
WHEN a crisis comes and
someone at a distance
must be reached quickly,
the long-distance telephone
will prove its worth.
B. 0. Telephone Company
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will Cure Tour BheumaUim,  Lumbago, Neuritis or Bad Oold
744 Hutlngi St. W. Phono Soy. 2070
Specialist in Ttusiei for Mon, Womia,
Children and Infant! '
Phona Soy. 3880
969 Eobion Strait, Vaneouvar, B.O.
23  Tears   Established  ln  Vaneonver
Is There Any Painless Dentistry?
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
T CAN remember when chloroform, other and gas were the sole
agents used to reduce the misery attending dental operation*.
About ten years ago NOVOCAIN was Introduced, and it ii safe to 01*1
that this is one of the greatest boons to humanity yet discovered, and
makes Dentistry almost a pleasure. It Ib a great thing to lay truthfully:
"These extractions, fillings, or removing this nerve, will not hurt."
With the use of Novocain, work can be done thoroughly, time ll laved.
and the cost Is less than before.
AUE eye examination is as
^ perfect as skill, scientific
instruments and years of experience can devise.
Bird Eye Service
Entrance 080 Robson St.
Phone Sey. 8855
Here We Are Again
This time with Weatheral Coats, 45 inches
long, belted; grey and fawn $10.00
Men's Heavy Tweed Pants;
pair    .11.05
Khaki Coveralls , $2.05
Stanfield's Underwear, heavy;
at   $1.75
Blue  Blb-Overnlls    $1.45
Mat'lvljinw Coats   $6.05
Men's Overcoats from $12.00
Khaki Pants .:  $1.65
Carss' Henvy Tweed Pants;
pair     $6.75
Suits up from  $15.00
Page Six
Friday, October 30, 191
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H.
Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
Bricklayers Compel
Contractor To Eat
His Open Shop Ads
Notes From the Camps
Saw Mill Workers Win
/"YN Friday an A. B. applied for a ai'e   supporting   non-union   labor.
job on the motor-ship "Haur-  Wake up working men and women.
-■ „ «    ♦    *
aki,   and was told to get his gear      <_,,.*„__„  T   n ...
,   ' Sydney J. Collings,  who was a
and be aboard on Saturday morn- victim on the Canadian Governing (Oct. 24th.) But there was a ment Merchant Marine vessels, S.
"But" in the question, and the s- Ca-n&dlan Seigneur and S. S.
"but" was that the crew demanded Canadian Miller, was very badly
that  only a "union  man"  should   oii  through   the  actions   of  the
get the job.   When the individual  comPa--y   leaving   him    stranded,  m;„("wm ^nZ^i»'"*D<"°r    Z"
went aboard the "Hauraki" there  after ^king him from his home it: Z u °PeratiVe plaste» the
vZrl 7       a *        aauraKi   theie wT!,      ers  wnloh   recognized   the  claims  ceiving but $3.25 per day.
were  two  delegates   with  a  man lj0naon  to  suffer   the   hardships  nf t,,„  ,„„.„„  „_>„_,*,„„..       .    ,
from    The    Federated    Seafarers'  that h™ t° be endured aboard C.  °f the  latter  or-*aniza«°n  durinS
Union, and a man from the Na-  G- M- M- vessels.   Having applied
tional Sailors' & Firemen's Union.  for relief at tne clty re»ef office
As the man from the National was he was referred to the Immigration
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON.—Becaifce it ad- '
vertised for bricklayers to work The saw mill* workers at Aber-
under "open shop" conditions in deen.^Wash., who have been on
Florida and in Rochester, the Geo. strike slflice September 28th for
A. Fuller Co., one of the largest an increase of wages, have reach-
construction companies in Amer- ai a settlement with the compa-
Ica, has been compelled to make nies concerned and are returning
special  terms  of  peact  with  the to work.
Bricklayers,  Masqns  &  Plasterers The men came out on strike for
International   union.     The   Fuller a   minimum   wage   of   $3.75   per
concern was struck by the Brick- day,   which   was  refused   by   the
layers because it signed an agree- companies.     A   large   number   of
men  were  at  that  time   re-
When the strike commenced
its recent quarrel with the Brick- only sorae 300-odd mep were af-
layers- fected, but the strike spread rap-
Peace   between  the  Bricklayers idly to other mills and at the time
first he got the job, and the other  -Department, where he was as-tin  and the Operative Plasteren was of the settlement about 1,300 men
referred  to the city relief office,  restored  by an agreement at At- were out.
where lie leceived a small amount  la*ntic   cit>r   restoring   the   former The  men  were  completely  un-
terms  of  allotment  of  work  be- organized.     Practically   the   only
tween  the  two.    But  the  Brick- organization existing in the local-
man who did not have a union card
was backed out.
The  man who was backed  out  ?f alubsi"tence, although the C. G.
layers refused to work on the Ful-  ity is the 4-L's  (Loyal Legion of   °« 4* and B0 marks a week?"-
stated that he did not know there JJ' M' t'U'uld have been responsible,
was a Seamen's Union in Vancou- He  has jolned  the s-  B*  Cil*V  "f
ver.    He came out here on either BaSdad- al>" *■»•■ get back to lithe S. S. Princess Kathleen, or the Wlfe  ani  chUd  w«hout sufror.ng
S. S,
C.  P. R. coasting fliers, and was
approached to join the union   but thls man worse than a dos-    He  Geor&e  A.  Fuller  Co.,"  says  this
thought that it was not necessary left wurd to thank those who were  d°cument .of   apology,   signed   by  eration   of   Labor   iwere    on   the
Once again a non-union man has kind en0U8'n to assist him •« <«-  High White,  president, and R. C.  scene-  but  an  Aberdeen  attorney
been deprived of a job in favor of P°slnS tactics such as he had to  Whiting,    vice-president,    of    the  aoted as mediator,
a union man.   The men aboard the endure   throu^h   no   fault   of   his concern,     "make    the    following      Under terms °*f the settlement,
 i..«..i,.«-t..t.*»..*>..t.*«..i..«..«**i O.H"»"«*l
(By Scott Nearing, Federated
\     Press)
/COLOGNE,    Germany.—I   spo]
with a railway car cleaner J
Cologne.    He was a young mq
without a family.
For a nine-hour day, six days]
week,  he receives 8.3 marks
day  ($1.98).    His fellow worke
who do the heavy track labor a]
paid   6.6   marks  per  day   ($1.66
Thus their weekly full-time earj
ings are about $12 and $9
"Is work easy to get here In C(|
ogne?" I asked them.—"Very dif_|
cult," they replied.
"There are many men out
work?—"Indeed, we are lucky
have a job."
"But can men care for famllid
s  ler jobs, involving $250,000,000 in Loggers and  Lumbermen),  which
building contracts,  until the Ful-  is a company union controlled by
Princess Marguerite  the new  any more hanlf-hiPs at the handc  lers retracted their open shop talk,  the   lumber   barops.    During * the
of the C. G. M. M. who have treated      "We, the representatives of the  strike   representatives   from    the
George  A.   Fuller  Co.."  aava  this  4-L's and from the Ameriacn Fed*
"Make it 100 and a fellow woui]
begin to have a chance.'
"Do   all    the   railroad   workei|
work 9-hours?    Where is the
hour    day?"—"Flown    away,
work 8-hours for the railroad ani]
one for Dawes."
"But where are your unions,'
asked them. "Cannot they defenl
tional Sailors' & Firemen's Union   of the B. M. & P. I. U, of A„ and
of   Great   Britain.   Although  -not  fully agree to its terms:
transferred to the Federated Sea-
"We have always been sympathetic to the employment of union
labor in the building industry and
more particularly to the employ
ment of members of your organization, and indeed we believe the fre not satisfied with the settle-
..... ment, claiming that they should
best  thrive '        ... .
have  received  a larger  wage  in-
meet a committee of their em*
ployees to make further wage adjustments in the immediate future, and every striker is to be
taken back without discrimination. ;
A large number of the strikers
dropped out. Those who remais
have lost hope. Our unions do nothl
ing for us now. The bosses do witj
us as they will. Dawes? Yes, thcM
It what the Dawes plan has donj
to us."
Hauraki" are to be congratulated  own-    He is a member of the Na-  statement to  the executive  board  the operators of each mill are to  ybu ?"—"Not a bit of it Many ha
on their efforts to,* maintain union
•   *    *
farers' Union of Canada, he stated
It is only a few weeks back since  he will always remember the as-
another A. B. who applied for a Stance given to him by that or-
job on the S. S. Anyox was backed ganlzatlon.
out in favor of a member of the •    •    *
Federated Seafarers' Union, and it      A repol.t from the s, g Canaalan  bulwln' 7nV"7;
is believed that the man who was Rover states that the co„dltionS as under union nnnLinn,* ,.„._„   „ „
backed  out  of  the   "Anyox"  had far as  food  ls concerned  aboard  unde   "nlon conditions; open shop
been sailine on the Coast without  Jt . , c°noerne?  aboauJ  conditions where tried in the past  u°*se'
Deen sailing on tne coast witnout  tnat vessel was at,soiutely rotten. have   in  _,._ nninir>n   ,  .  t    „„„       ""*■"
a union book.   Let Union men de- The cook gets the Wame this ^  f.a:!'_ln_Jour_°Pini0n' led to COn
mand a book of any men who join  gome of the crew were so alSgUgted
the ships, and there will then be  that they deciaea to quit.
a chance of improving the condi
tlons of the seamen sailing out of
all ports in the Dominion of Canada.
*    »    *
The secretary of the organization
has just received a letter from the
Hospital Notes
Jamie  Scoular  is  at  St
Hospital suffering from an injui-e3
eye.   Jamie was hurt aboard the S,
S. Canadian Farmer of the C. G.
M.  M.    He is improving and ex-
Ontario     and  Quebec Conference pects to be out ,„ a week or so
of   Typographical   Unions   stating  Taffy EyanS) off the g   g   B   D
that  efforts  to  have  the  Liberal
Party and the Conservative Party
fusion and loss.
"The employment by us in Florida, Rochester, N.Y., and Ottawa,
Canada, of open shop blicklayers
is not to be-construed as a devi-
;au_f ation from our policy to live in
peace and harmony with union
labor and particularly with the
Bricklayers' organization. Such employment was a direct result of the
unfortunate   controversy   between
_ _,_   t,    „   TT       the Bricklayers and the Operative
Kingsley is also at St. Paul's Hos- Plasterers
The action of the Aberdeen sawmill workers in fighting for and
winning an Increase is in marked
"ontrast to the docility of the sawmill workers of Vancouver, who
are content to work for a wage
in many cases a dollar a day less
than that betug paid across the
line. Although unorganized, and
in that respect like the sawmill
workers here, yet ths Aberdeen
workers have exhibited a militancy  completely  lacking  in   this
Ask Any Labor Msn.
Housekeeping   snd   Trsnslent
Central—Terms Moderate
Under  New  Management
■■Bill" Hungerford snd M. Cambridge, Props.
support organized labor by taking  but la lmprovjngi
pital.   His condition was very bad
their literature from union shops
has been ineffective. This means
that   Liberals   and   Conservative?
76 Hastings East
Lsts 54th Batt. snd 7fnd Batt.
Mail List.
Bell, A.; Crocker, L. R.; Flanagan, H. O.; Gale, T.; George, Mr.;
Hannah, T.; Hynes, A.; Henderson,
C; Hodson, J.; Horn, R.; Mot, E.;
Jones, N.; Kissock, J.; Knox, A.;
Larsen, Ci Maekay, J.; McLeod,
M.; McDonald, J.; Osborne, Wm.;
Pugh, A. E.; Worral, Wm.; Worrell, J.; Warren, S.
neck of the woods. This wage
™--™t?™ay,_™ ^crease should be kept In mind
by loeal sawmill workers when
their employers tell them thnt
they cannot afford to raise wages.
happily ended, we sincerely invite
the resumption of friendly relations
with your organization to the end
that our jobs may be manned by
your members.
"We also want to assure you that
there will be no discrimination by
our company, or its representatives, against sub-contractors employing members of your international union or any of the component parts affiliated with you . , .
Generally speaking, we pledge toward your organization an attitude
on our part such as might be expected from a friendly contractor
No reform under the present system but a decided step out of and
above that system Is the fit and ^^^^^^^"£5^  ^^*^-
enduring remedy  for  the  wrongs organlza..on„ -     -
The high cost of crippling loggers is beginning to trouble the
lumber companies. The fact that
hundreds of men are injured foi
life every yea.* while working in
the woods couee. *"s the lumbei
kings but little, t-u* when it comes
to the question of reducing the
expenses of pay.ng these men
compensation, - thai    is    another
and oppressions of Labor'by Capital.—Stephen Pearl Andrews.
A fighting labor press can't be
built by wishing. Send in your
sub today.
Boston Taxi Strike
Breakers On Trial
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
(By Federated Press)
BOSTON.—Strike breakers who
The Mountain Lumbermen's Association held a, meeting reeently
in Calgary, and according to reports that question figured prominently in the discussion. The
meeting went on record as favoring the inauguration of a system
whereby companies that injure but
a few men will have . their com-
Red Star Drug Store
'The Mail Order Druggists"
Wo Make • Special Effort to Oet Goods Out by First Mall
Aftor Receipt of Your Order
Corner Oordova and Carrall
Vanoouver, B.O.
attempted to take five Checker pensation assessment reduced, Ap-
Taxis out of the company garage to parently each one is willing to
run them for business failed in blame the other fellow for caus-
their efforts and only succeeded in ing the trouble, and in any case
getting to court when the mix up it serves to keep modern speed-
was over. The men claimed that up methods out of sight,
they had been brought in from out Of course, killing loggers does
of town, not told what the situa- not enter very much into the
tion was, held in the company gar- Question. Most mein who work
age until directed to take the five in the woods have no dependents,
cabs out on the streets.    Two al-  «n i* they are killed outright com'
Big reductions, splendid
values. Regular prices
$22.50 to $42.50, now—
$15 to $37.65
Oor. Homer and Hastingi St.
,leged "loyal" drivers of the company pulled guns and one threw a
tear-gas bomb at the crowd which
collected when the first cab driven
by a strikebreaker hit a private car
parked on the street.
Densatlon charges are small.
Knowledge   is   both   a   weapon
and an armor, and it is the fear
of this fact that has led tyrants of
all ages to foster ignorance among
Striking taxi men succeeded  in  their peoples.—Alfred E. Hunt,
explaining   the   situation   to   the  ;—
strikebreakers so that not one returned to work. The drivers are
ou t against wage cuts and for
several minor reforms in conditions. They are members of Taxi-
cab Drivers Union No. 126.
To get money that we have not
earned by some service of love to
our fellow-men, by contributing to
the total well-being, which is the
true wealth of society, is dishonest.
—Dr. Horton, Eng.
The Original
Logging Boot
Qulok Bsnrlss for Bepairs
Ail Work OnsrsntMd
Sftelsl AMntlon to Mall Ordsra
H. Harvey
litsbliiksl in Tsatonvn in HOT
U OORDOVA STREET W. Way, October 30,1925
Page Seven
A Pioneer
_.NELLT, Wales.—"You're not
vorklng today old Tom," said a
^ger member of the unemployed
y, as Tom Morris came into the
jielly office of the British labor
(BUi (Efltmtru labor' Nrota
Organized Scabs Get
Government Blessing
'Mid Palaces and Pigsties
(By Federated Press) -
LONDON. —■•■The    government's
approval of O. M. S. (Organization
for the Maintenance of Supplies), a
Demand Wage Increase middle-class strikebreaker ayency
•  which is preparing to meet a gen-
LONDON.—Despite    a    protest eral strike next May when the mine
British Land Workers
(By British Labor Press Service.)
T ONDOSr. — How,    beneath    the not to cry out, and wake them all sent by the Trades Union Congress truoe ends< ls revealed in a letter
0," agreed old Tom   pointing         veneer which gilds the surface up;  and only the  elest girl, who General  Council  in the  name  of of  home secretary Joynson-Hicks
is lungs "The old bellows will of One City of Westminster, there was twelve,  did,  as a matter of four and a half million organised to a correspondent.   While stating
Lwork right anyniore A man is nests the ■™m*lne s0«*> ot BOCiei *n' faot. wake and look on   .   .    ." workers, the Norfolk Agricultural that  his  own  plans  for such  an
for precious little  after  50 e«uaIity' starvation and rank in-     Mra. gmith has "not really de- Wages Committee have refused to emergency have long since been
in the tin mills. I am 67 now JusWce- ta shown by Lucy E- Beach,,.scended to the level of the typical increase the rate of wages which approved by the, government Hicks
u....  v.   i.v»t    __w    ^     ___ ^ ^ ^l_,_                                                                         " _.__  —„_,_._.-. -«,. an.   t eft I*...*.-.. t_ aqva  rnfirft nnn   hp  „n  nhtnntlnn   hsr
mills" "Child Life ln Westminster." wen. set.
""'  *•"*■—""■—*■   *"" ° winter# that "it would be a very great as-
The     workers'     representatives stance to us to receive from the
O. M. S. or from any other body
worked in your mills,' t tm/i  Geneva tliat "Mankind owes to the the Unborn, had he the privilege but desirous of a peaceful settle* of well-disposed citizens classified
it was as a boy thatTbegan'in M A" m her recently l8SUed book' slum   mother."   Mr.   Smith   is   "a  a* Present are 29s- for B0 h°"rs ln "ays there C'an ,be. n° obJec»on **
•up,  respectable-looking »™™*-- ™* **»■ «« 49 *°™ ln *e. !,r™Lto„ |L J^
Pom chuckled. Tne Right Rev. Bishop Gore, R. working    man,    who    served    all
ITou should have seen the boss Dl'  m * forewald> says that the through, the war,  and is used to
In I went in to him 'Fifty years Princ,Ple   of   the   declaration   of fresh  air  and  clean  living."  But  originally demanded  32s. a week,
(worked in your mills,' I told Geneva tlmt "Mankind owes to the the Unborn, had he the privilege  but desirous of a peaceful a. itlc
5  'Flftv vpars—n-nrt T'm tnn mn c**m »ne best »t has to give," is of  choice,  might  well  decline  to  ment, they came down to the low "sl8 0I men in ouierent parts or
L the wZ anv mo^e' Vnd «™ generaUy accepted in theory. seek a place in the Smith's home,  «gure of 30s., but this figure va,    «e country who would be willing
|uo me worn, any more.    And -■.*■* ..   .,    _..  ,,         ,          r.            vninntnn                                               to place their services at the dis-
Kt do you want now?' says he. vlMit lt •s not genorally accepted albeit amid  the palaces and gar-  rejected.
vant a lighter job,' says I. 'Don't ln fnct> however, is amply demon- dens of Westminster.                             Shoals  of letters from  agrlcul
. think you owe me that?'—'Owe strated by the author and her col- TnIs report lays bare many such  tural laborers, their wives and de
he says,  'Owe you nothing laborators in the course of some of soc-al sores. It makes one ashamed  pendents, protesting against the re
yen't we paid you your wages all the Pen pictures which are given of the social system which permits  fusal of the increase, have been re
i time?'—'And haven't I put my of the dingy and dismal hovels in such a state of affairs to continue, ceived by the Committee.	
i into the job?* I asked him. But which many of the working men ~                                                         ~~
lhad nothing to say. and women of Westminster have to
fit is a great system," said Tom, exist-
Jning to us, "that takes fifty "Westminster presents an amaz-
ts of a man and leaves him ing variety of social classes and
light, not even his bed and keep, homes," says Mrs. de Bunsen.
fland  fit  for heroes,  they talk  "Buckingham     Palace     itself     is
Empire or Working Class
(By  NELLIE  SEEDS  NEARING,  Federated PreBS.)
LIVERPOOL,    England. — The . ment without the consent of parlia-      Meanwhile 0   M  S  has a rival
But! A flower pot in the window flanked,  on  one side, by Wallis's party and the nation was the most ment, continuous arbitration of tho  ln the Natlonal citizens union. This
posal of the government."
0. M. S, has had a mixed reception in the London Press. While
greeted with delight by such "a bitterly anti-labor paper as The Daily
Mall, it has been coolly received by
the conservative Morning Post and
Daily Express. The latter papers
are as hostile to labor as The Dally
Mail, but they consider that O. M.
S. is butting into something wholly
the function of the government.
important business before the Brit*
ish   Labor   party   conference   at
Ml the land that has come to Yard' of unsavoury repute even in
slumland; on the other by Belgrave
['There's one satisfaction I've got.  Square, magnificent still in spite of Liverpool the"end of September
|ey never  f6bled  me.   I  always lts numerous untenanted mansions. Ramsay MacDonald, first Labor
them the kind of system it And,  mixed  up   with   the   close-
From those early days when Pa°ke«J     ranks    of    middle-class the   pal,ty   and   sald   the   „atlon
fheld our first union meetings,  homes in Pimlico and down by the wanted to know  how the Labor
dark room, secretly, around a  rlver>   are  the  overcrowded  tene- government would act on the coal
^dle, I've gone through life with ments   and   decaying   pestiferous mlne question, foreign affairs and
nbshells in my pocket.  Many's slums of the Poor."
! thousand pamphlets and papers      The    housing    shortage    looms hig record in office drew fire.
slipped to my fellow workers. large ln many chapters of the book. ..The modern example of crawl-
>'re beginning to see the results Read this—a description drawn .by lng>  snivelling  gradualism,"  cried
a member of the committee from. Ferguson of the Glasgow Trades &
Bent  and  twisted  by  his  fifty her own observation:— Labor council.                      -    ..
in the tin mills, he Is a living      "Mrs. Smith's home is one small '"My quarrel with the resolution,"
bodiment   of   the   doctrine   he back room upstairs, in a house that said Henry Pollitt of the Boiler-
^ches.   "One   of  the  pioneers,"  was   once   a   decent   foUr-roomed makers, "is that its analysis of the
call him.
I'om   Morris  is  still   pioneering  off  one   of  the   main   streets   of believe that during the next period
ra new social order.
Pass this copy to your shopmate
get him to subscribe.
rike-Breaking Body
Preparing Por Trouble
reparations, problems.
Debate Dawes Plan
Fierce    denunciations    of    the
Dawes plan were launched by Gal-
premier, defendedthe ^PSitlonof lacher   po]Utt and RobinsoI1| Po,_
lltt declaring that MacDonald's
crowning glory did not consist tn
having got the Dawes plan accepted. Rather, he said, the Lib-
the franchise.   His justification of era, and Tory poUtic!ans carefuiiy
prepared the stage, so that MacDonald would have that thrust
upon him.
MacDonald replied: "My defense
of the Dawes plan is, that surveying Europe as it is today, tied up
as it is, bad as it is, one thing that
,,_._,. if   properly   worked   would   have
cottage.    It stands in a dingy row  whole situation is a wrong one. We .    ' . „ ,„„„„„,, .    ..       __,.„
„.<* — -<* .!,_ —■„ -. .„ „. v.,,.... _,.__ _,.._, u  ..-_,._ been a step forward in the emancipation and freeing of the European working classes would  hat-e
,_.„__, ... been to make reparations an eco-
serves four families and the that we now  have.  Is  capitalism         ,            ,       .      .       ,
...        .   ,, ..    .     ...           . ,                     .      ; .     ™* „ ," . nomic experiment and no longer a
clothes of all the families are hung going to reconstruct itself? No! It
up to dry.    Mr. Smith sleeps out will compel us, whether you like it
there all the summer   .    .    .    Hj or not, to face new conditions."
has now lived five years in the one      Loud  applause  greeted  Pollitts'
room where he found his wife and speech, even from those who disagreed. But the amendments were
lost by a vote of 106,000 to 2,844,
body  is also« preparing a  list
would-be strikebreakers.
Westminster. The room looks into our energies will be expended in
a small back-yard, where the one defending the miserable conditions
the elder children installed at the
end of the war. The room is,
roughly, twelve feet long by nine
British Labor Press Service)
BNDON.—If the account of the feet" wide, and "has 'one window
inisation for the Maintenance . . , Everything in the room
applies (the new strike-break- and on the staircase indicates slum
body), given m the Daily Mail, property . , , As in all houses
,nt anything-whlch, of course, where one room is used for all th6
reader of the  paper  has any purposes ot lift)i there are no con.
TXT}~, lS Perfe0Uy °lear veniences for cooking-nothing but  P°"°y °f the graVeSt lmP°rt^ce'
the   intention   is   to   coerce a small( open flre. nor (or wash.      The answer was a five  to  one
ile into "joining up" by veiled ing_no  water>  no  sink    nor for
m that unless they do so they sanltary purposeS-    The furnlture
be starved by the withholding ,. aho yery scanty_one smallbed.
them of supples in   aVor of stead  a    M    t      Qr three ^
bers of the O. M. S. itself.       .. .    ;     .    .. '
the one basin standing on one of
ooal organizations (sports clubs them.   Heaps of clothes lay on the
iientioned) will, it ls suggested, _ioor_ others were drying on a cord
ble to supply the names of across the room,
ly recruits, and to obviate the     «The youngest child, who is now
usion of people not likely to be eighteen months old, was born in
pathetic.   This can hardly im- this room> and at nlght. Hls four
nything less than an impudent brothers and sisters were all there
isltion into the politics of the at  that  time.     His  mother
yidual  which  is likely to  be
rally resented.
political  prejudice." No vote was
taken on the Dawes plan.
Sidney Webb urged public ownership of banking and credit systems. Confiscation without compensation was defeated. With the
German Bosses Kill
Eight-Hour Work Day
(By Federated Press)
CHICAGO.—The old-time 8-hour
day in Germany has pretty largely
disappeared says Wm. Eckert, "a
veteran of the German machinist?
union who is one of the delegation
of German labor men now investigating America. Through an interpreter he told the Chicago Federation of Labor at its regular meeting
that speeding up of workers is the
rule now in Germany, with wages
about half the American standard
for skilled workers.
"Though conditions seem to be
Improving today after the terrible
post-war sufferings, they may
break down again tomorrow,"
Eekei-t said, "because they are built
on very insecure foundations."
000, and the general statement of Passa-^e of the banking resolution
principles was adopted. the   "capltal   levy   waR   priven   a
Future Policy
"Shall Labor ever again take office without a majority behind it?"
This   was   a   matter   of   practical
When a man descends from
heavenly things to human he will
certainly both speak and feel more
loftily and nobly on every theme.—
taken ill at one in the morning,
and the baby arrived before the
{lie names of the promoters of midwife she had" settled with could
(scheme (which is believed, says get there. She fought her hardest
[Mail, to have the approval of ■
government) do not inspire
lh confidence. They include
[ Jellicoe and Sir Francis Lloyd,
j a few other peers and popln-
: who are none the less nonen-
because their names appear
frlnt in the Daily Mail.
majority opposing the resolution'
introduced by Bevin of the transport workers that "this conference
is of the opinion that in view of the
experience of the recent Labor government it is inadvisable that the
Labor party should again take office whilst having a minority of
members in the house of commons."
Bevin   was   ably   supported   by
Bromley, Neal  MacLean and  Ben
Tillett.     Tillett   particularly   emphasized  this  issue  when   he  re
ferred  to   MacDonald  as  a
decent burial service," delegate W.
J. Brown commented.
Again Bar Communists
By  an   overwhelming  vote  the
conference excluded the Communists from all direct or Indirect affiliation with the Labor party. In
definite contrast to the resolutions
in   favor   of   international   trade ====:===:====:=======^^
union unity passed by the Trade •'TENDERS WANTED for School Sta*
Union Congress at Scarborough, LoTbIJX^ Z IZtlJ^l
the Labor Party at Liverpool was  Tenders close  Monday,   30th  November,
Advertisers are helping us. Reciprocate by buying from them,
and tell them you saw it in the
unmistakeably opposed to a united
political front.
"We are poles asunder In our
outlook and philosophy," said MacDonald. "Nothing that this conference can do," said Pollitt, "cnn
prevent the rise of communism. As
a member of a trade union the
little Communist may and will come inlo
192!..    Lowest or nny tender not necessarily  accepted.
Business  Manager,  Vancouver  School
Amalgamation Swallows
Another British Union
LONDON.—A four to  one  majority for amalgamation with the
Transport & General Workers union is shown in the ballot of the
» , National   Union   of   Enginemen,
lambling   promises   the   poor Flremeri| Meohanlcs> Motormen &
}t  property  performs  for  the Electricai workers. The unionhas
something for nothing. That R memberahlp of 21i000| and over
vhy the bishops dare not de- 70 per oent of the members voted.
Ince   "   	
the Labor party.   The Trade Union
can   decide,    for  itself  who   will
__   _.      ,,,.,_„     ,       , represent it.   If the basis of mem•
MacDonald skilfully glossed over bershlp ,_. the Labor party ._ ^
enough to admit those who dine at
can admit those SiY$£
of us who do not."
Pollitt   was  supported   by   Ben
with a majority you cannot always Turner the veteran ,eader of thfc
do that.   It may be that it wouldbe Texti]e  Workers.   „Not  because  x
am   a   communist,"    said    Turner,
"but because I believe in constitu
SEALED  TENDERS,   addressed   to   tho
grey mouse instead of the lion he
would like to see him.
MacDonald skilfully
their arguments in his sauve reply
"Did we compromise with political ^m=orai"ca^ it
parties? No!   never.    We  did  not
always do what we liked. But even
reigned, will bo received by tho
Council up to 8:00 oiclcck p.m. on
Monday, November 2, 1925, for tho
construction of thn following aewors:
Granvillo Stroet, 41st to 45th Avenues.
A<lera  Street,  41st to 45th  Avenues.
3*.th    Avenue,    Trafalgar    to    Larch
Blenheim    to    Dunbar
Blenheim   to   Colllng-
fooll3h for a minority to go ih. But
to come to a decision on paper is
too theoretical.    We must wait to tiona, procedure.   jt ls going to b,
see  how  things   stand .when   the fl  beresy bunt
problem becomes a real one." decide?"
it   fundamentally.—G.   B.
The Transport &  General Work-
-Foreign Policy
foreign   policy   the
40th    Avenue,
wood  Streets.
Collingwood Street, 40th to 48rd Avenues.
Form of tender, specifications and full
Information may he obtained on application to the Municipal Engineer on
pnyment of tho sum of $5.00, which
will be returned on receipt of a bona
Who  is  going to  fido tender.
A  deposit  by  certified   chequo  of  ten
m,      „ ,..._. <ln)   I""- ***■*  of 'he amount tendered
The   Communists,"   Bevin   said,  will   be  required   with   each   tender   as
Labor "cannot  reconcile  their  principles 8(,c"rHy '"nt. *>■<-* tenderer will, if called
*..._._.          „.,.••__■_.           «        •__■_, "I""1* cntcr lnto » contract, and provido
ers union, which now has 400,000  party urged an  effort of nations;  with those of evolutionary demo- the  required  bond  for the performance
members,  is the  product of sue-  an international conference for the cracy." "*•}*£ Z\te»\ or
lo this ls the paper you have cessive    amalgamations.    In    the  simultaneous and complete aboli-     The vote was 321,000 'to 2,870,- sarilyC accepted"' °"y   P"   .   n°   "CCC"
In wanting?    Prove it by sup- four years of its existence it has tion of armaments;  no diplomatic 000 against the Communists. HENRY  FLOYD
|tlng it with your subscription been  one  of  the most  successful  arrangement with a foreign state,      The opening speech of President Municipal HbII,                            '
those of your neighbors and British  unions  in  securing wage involving national obligations to be C. T. Cramp excited but little com- -"'s''i West BoliJovard,
■  j                                                           j,                                                                        ...,.,.                        „»„» Vancouver, B.O.
|nds.                                            advances.                                           concluded by any Labor govern- ment. October 26th   1925. Page Eight
Friday, October 30, _
3970 Hastings St. E.
MAGAZINES and Periodicals
Confectionery  and Tobaccos
Light Lunches Served
THE business houses whose advertisements appear in The Labor Advocate are interested in the welfare of not only their own help,
but of workers generally.
Pbone High. 167
Mitchell's Transfer
8711 Hastings St. E.,  Vanconver, B.O.
R. E. Stewart
3828 Hustings Streot East
Boots, Shoes, Rubbers
Agents  for  Kirk's Nanatmo-Wel-
lington Ooal
Also for AU Kinds of Wood
Highland 2977,  Residence 3836L
SfJll selling the largest Flannelette Blankets at $2.20.
Get yours before they are all gone,
Stamped Goods at specially low priees.
r\OES Father or Moth,
•■'-' need.glasses? They wl
make a very acceptable Xm|
present.   Get them from   ,
and OPTICIAN     >
See    our    Xmas    stoek
Waliches,   Clocks  ond
Jewelry boforo buying
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry
Is a Specialty.  Satisfaction Guaranteed     "
(Next to Bank of Commerce)
We Collect and Deliver Free,
3766 HaBtings Bast     High.  39.
Say you saw it advertised in the "
I - ' i     n i        i        i      . ,	
THE VETERAN (Arthur Clayton)
Tobacco.   Light Lunches Served
(Moved to Our New Store, 3872 Hastings Street East)'
Bath Towels  (to work),
Tan Scarfs and Centers;
each   $1.25
Pillow Slips from, each, $1.00
to   $1.45
Guest Towels,  each   SOc
2 for ...,  95c
Vanity Sets np from  35c
oach   $1.00
Stamped Aprons (different
designs),  each    50c
2 for   95c
Stamped  Scarfs,  best  quality
Marble Head; each.  60c
MRS. E. STYLES 3872 Hastings Street East
3798 Hastings Street East
Phone Highland 299
1114 Bastings E.     Phone Glen. 369
Furniture Co.
We Bay, Sell or Exchange Goods
MILITANT!          J*
Phone Glen. 59
Eburne Sash, Door &
Lumber Co., Ltd.
Manufacturers of and Dealers in
Our experience is at your service, and we will be glad to give you
an estimate on your bill, however large or small.
We .have always some special prices on various grades of Lumber.
It will pay you to see us FIRST.
**^tM%**w       *****   **t^.--     ^^t^^        ^^^^^»       ^**W^r Tumrnwi imyvb sni.m t.pathup roots— nnnwrivn   __im,s>   snirnnT,   nnrvra 1*0-1
Full Line of Women's, Children's and Mens
Dress and Work Boots at Special Prices
Guaranteed d»0 *J&
Calf, Low Heel.
Special This Week	
Special This Week     **?—iat9t Special This Week    «P«5.40
Men's Worlr Boots, Leckie "Skookum," Special $4.95
We Wish to Tliank "Lubor" for the
Patronage Given ns.   We
. Appreciate It.
KIBLER'S (Service) SHOE STORE (The Best for Less)
163 HASTINGS STREET EAST (Almost Opposite the Library)


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