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The Canadian Labor Advocate 1926-02-19

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With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. FEDERf   jNIST
fhteenth Year.  No, 7.
Eight Pages.
(lintenance of Way
ten May Join C.B.R.E.
JJNTREAL — Indcatlons are
the Canadian locals of the
Kjierhood    of    Malntenance-of-
Employees may break away
the rest of that organization
result of the decision of the
nd   Lodge  to   enforce   an   in-
Bribery Chatges Nailed
Anthracite Settlement
Considered Truce Only
Stevens and Ladner Join in Attack on Labor
TT IS a fact well known to those ber for Winnipeg North Centre, ln  ner    of   Vancouver   both
who have studied human behavior that evil disposed person almost
labor leaders, including President
Green of American Federation of
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^      voting Labor, were hailing the agreement
such a way as to make It appear  against. negotiated between representatives
that  he  had  been  purchased   by      After the. vote had been taken of the mine workers and the op-
nf rtiiBH tn S.1K ner venr in i       . ki      „.,-__. .v,_.i- _..„,■,. __,.i_._ the lilberals- Sutherland attempted to continue erators as a "triumph for collect-
„   *    «n *°     !n   [nJurance ln™rlaMy    ttT      u     af ersarles     The statement was Immediately his speech wlthout making any re_ lve   bargaining"   less   enthusiastic
er   to    finance   an   insurance of the very things they themselves chalIenged   by   Mr.   Woodsworth,  tractLfl and was once again chal- students    of   the    coal    situation
dan members are partlcu- T", a ^mL^TZZ Wh° &Sked that the WOrdS be Wlth" len^ed ^-the La°°r ™mber* ***** after co^*^r*^ *he terms which
^SJ^JTST nronosedln I I ,Understandinf be,nff "mlted °'awn. Sutherland's reply was that once again steVens "horned" Into were made public today advanced
knee Plan    When the auestlon    *       !i T 7*7    Tt f VI' the Statement  had  be<m  reP6ated  the *»* »n behalf of his tory col- the opinion that only, a truce has
voted on tnl Canadian mem" T™    * *L T ll1.J Z'l S° fFe<lUently that " WaS "0t "^  le^ue>   ^^^  a«   "^tion   on been  declared,  despite the assur-
voted on the Canadian mem-  they  measure   the   actions  of  all  essary for him to repeat )t  y^^
fhlp  gave  a  majority   of   491 men with their own tainted yard- the Labor member lnslsted that he
the proposal.    The  union stick.   Thus   It   ls   by   no means retract Meighen,  ably assisted  by made
a membership in the United strange to find former real estate Harry   stevens,   from   Vancouver. '
|tes and Canada of 65,000.    Of vendors,      "tinhorn"      politicians. and other Conservative hangers-on
number only 16,591 voted, the police   court   lawyers,   and   other  **umped to Sutherland's aid, claim
standing 8,320  in favor and persons   of   similar   calibre,   who  ,ng that he was not guilty of mak-
|9  against.    The Canadian un- have SUCceeded in boosting them-  ing such a charge| and waa merely
claim that a two-thirds ma. seiVes into parliament, referring to  qU0ting from newspaper reports.
y is required before a consti- certain  other members as having      The    speaker    ruled    that    the
>nal   amendment   should   be- been  "purchased".- Being business  charge   had   been   made,   that  It
be binding. men  they find it  difficult to im-  waa  "unparliamentary,"  and  that
[leantlme certain  Canadian  lo- agine anything not having a price Sutherland   must   retract.   Again
are  circulating all  locals  in tag attached. Meighen came to the assistance 0f  of  the  working  class  in  Canada they  were   when   the  strike   wn*
McaondPe°m nj th ^tice S «*»** "T *%% T^ f i^T ^T *' Wh° ^ "^ °* ^ ^y/d^arld "noTThe "IT
ile untonToemg burdened with °f °°mm°nso **'' f *«*»»• ^P^er's ruling, and forced a vote of Harry Stevens and J. S. Woods-^ coal, who have been compelled to
trance schemes and are Isk memb6r t01, ^T 0x/ord' by a °n the question- The ruIins o( the worth wi» ha™ ""le difficulty in pay t0-the mine owners exorbitance  schemes,  ana  are  asK subHe twisting of words, referred Speaker was sustained by a sub. deciding   which   of   the   two   are  Hnt   nH„_,-   ....   .„.*_..„,       K_mml
triw^roiutrvote ***■ w°°a—th- ™°<—" -^st— *-« ^- ^ **■ ** -p^- -vs £rs5_cr £
That the Canadian officers of    • „..„  __.   . X -.. ■ „■ T -—— _ way of an assurance that a repeti-
"'"  ""'  ' "'-" —-   ^ x—x- **--■<*.->±  oi---   «_._•._,- tion  will  not  occur   in   the   near
future  is  generally   conceded.
the impossibility of a member re- ance that hostilities cannot be retracting a statement he had  not newed during the next fixe years.
_____^___________________________________________    That   the   mine   workers   have
Finally the Speaker insisted on managed to avoid the debacle that
Sutherland withdrawing his words, -*or a few days seems to threaten
which he did before proceeding wltn the return of the men regard-
with his speech. less of an agreement is regarded
Apparently Harry Stevens is a fs a viftory f°r tt_f workers- the
impression  being  that  the agree-
handy instrument for other things ment came Jurt ,_.  Ume tQ avert
than orotorical bouts with Gerry that danger. But that neither
McGeer, but there is one thing he the workers, who return under
can be assured of: those members  conditions  somewhat   worse   than
Brotherhorrof0"H_intoMnM Slavery Still Exists Strikers Demonstrate      Quebec Shoe Bosses
Strength in Parade     to Enforce Open Shop
Pay employees apply for affili.
for the entire Canadian
ibershlp into the Canadian
ftherhood of Railway Employ-
In Southern States
FtV Branch of I.L.P.
MONTREAL — Although they
agreed to submit their wage cutting program to arbitration, four
large boot and shoe manufacturers
of  Quebec   City  even   before   the
Police ITant Pay For
Strike Breaking Help
—New Britain police are trying to
collect    $323.40    from    Reginald
NBW ORLEANS. — (FP) — The PASSAIC, N. J.—Passaic knows
manner   in   which   four   Negroes how strong the  strike of woolen
are alleged to have been held In mill workers is now. A shouting,
slavery on the turpentine farm, of singing   parade   of   8000   strikers
^^^^^^^^^^_^^__ Mood   Davis,   at   Farmdale,   Fla„ with     bands      blaring      marched
Formed at Alberni was described by attorneys In the through the town and around the  arbitration  board was formed be
                           U. S. circuit court of appeals. Da- mills,- giving  Passaic mill  owners gan to bring in non union workers  Towers for "special protection" of
_ Sunday last a branch of the  vis ls/,so allefued to bave tcaueht a"  ""T T^'  *°*°n  Wkh  ^ ot^f^ and put them to  his brickyard during the fall strike
'pendent Labor Party was in-  the   fo"r   as   «"*.  attempted   to babies   bundled    on    their    arms work at reduced rates. This caused  of clay workers.    If tbe city's suit
'ted  at Port Alberni   An  en-  leave the fa™ ^d * *™ °T"    f    ?.I °* ,     *'  ?     "    s°, *" !mP,°ye8  °f the  Comes to tria1' an interesting point
pelled one at the point of a ins-  gies, fathers, young men and wo-  four  factories,   who  are  members  for workers in other communities
tol to beat the others for running  men,   even  flappers  and   boy*,   of  of    the    National    and    Catholic  to consider will be raised   Towers
The   men  at  the  trial   in  high school age made up the pro- Union. cIalms that ,t fa the "'
cession to let Passaic know that
they mean to win their fight
against 10% wage cuts.
Members of Amalgamated Cloth.
ing Workers  on strike in Passaic
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^      joined  the  parade  demonstration.
Several planters ln the vicinity of  Signs carried by the woolen stiik-
the Davis farm have served sen-  ers asked, "How Do You Like.Us,
Boss?"—Majority   Rules,   Strikers
liastlc gathering of people  in
pted  in the Labor  movement
all parts of the Alberni rid-
; in Moose Hall, * and after
oughly   discussing   the   mani-
and constitution of the Party
branch was formed to be
away. The men ^^^^^^^^^^
Florida testified they did not receive any money for working on
the Davis place and remained
on the Davis farm under threats
The four manufacturers are de-   furnish police protection when he
termined to enforce the open shop,   needs it.    He  refuses  to pay for
wages.  The arbit-   the supernumerary police hired by
fences for holding Negroes ln peonage.
n   as   the "IlbeVnT District  o£   Prosecutiop   until   they
nch. A membership of twenty. taken   away  by  u-   S-   "**■*****■*■
was secured, and the follow-
i officers  were   elected:   Presi-
M.   Glenday;   vice-president,
,   Binns;   secretary-treasurer,
Warren. The elected officers "
I one member from each of the SEATTLE— (F P)—-The Seattle
'districts represented at the Centi-al Labor council has decided
:ing constitute the executive that plans for a new labor temple
mittee Angus Maclnnes1 and are impracticable. With the move-
•Jeelands were present and. as- ment at a low ebb this is regarded
id in the formation of the as no time for large financial re-
ich. sponsibllities.
as well as cutl	
rary action of the employers is
forcing the Quebec workers to
realize the weakness of Isolation,
and there is already talk of reor
ganizing under the International
Boot   and   Shoe   Workers'   Union.
8000,   Bosses   .0008—Mill    Owners  Years ago, under very similar eir-
The Veracity of a Commoner
I/IAMENTARIANS, especially those of Liberal and Conservative
{persuasion, are all "honorable gentleman," whose veracity It is
flege to impugn at least that ls what certain of these tub-thump-
vould have us believe.
|Speaklng recently ln Montreal, Dr. Manion, M.P. for Fort William,
Uted by the dally press with declaring:
ganizations of women should claim lt their duty to refuse to
ve disreputable stories about public men of their country, just
men should uphold the name of womanhood. ... I do not
that any member of the House of Commons is bought.   With
kie talk you hear today of bad influence, either ln Canada or in
land, there is very little crookedness in the House of Commons."
|vning to Hansard (page 760) we find that Dr.* Manion on Feb-
- 3rd stated that Premier King was dependent on J. S. Woodsworth,
[certain Progressive members for support, and that stable gov-
fient was impossible under such conditions.   Questioned by Mr.
Idsworth as to what he meant by "stable government" Manion
sd that a stable government was one that "does not have V>
bids and try to purchase everybody in the House by its various
I." He was challenged with trying to cast doubts upon the Labor
Progressive members Integrity; the Speaker ruled he was ch-irg-
the government with "trying to purchase votes," and was forced
the Speaker to retract bis statement.
Open Your .Books, Let's See Your
Profits—We" Can't Even Pay Our
Funeral Bills When tlie Boss
Works Us To. Death—We Make
Woolen Cloth, We Wear Shoddy—
etc. The United Front Committee,
Albert Weisboai'd, organizer, Is in
charge of the strike.
Botany Consolidated Mills Corp.
have a half interest in two big
German concerns owning 33 mills
in central European countries,
employing 11,000  workers.
cumstances, Montreal boot and
shoe workers abandoned their independent unions, and linked up
with the international, through
which they have greatly improved
their position
Patronize our advertisers.
New Britain to act instead of private guards for Towers in his effort to break the brick workers'
struggle for union conditions.
In larger cities the police
force usually has enough regular
reserves to handle strike situations for employers without extra
city pay. Whatever financial transactions arise, go on privately between employers and police officials. Under Towers' argument,
strikers could equally claim protection from employers' spies and
intimidating agents.
Highlights on This
Week's News
Bribery Chargo Nailed .-.  1
R. R. Men May Join Canadian  Union 1
The  Weok   in   Ottawa  5
Anthracite  Settlement  only Truco  1
Infant Murderer, a Suicide  6
Oompany Unions  in  America  8
Preparing   for   May  7
Minera  Aid U.   S.  Strikors  7
Scottish   Delegates   Return  7
Keyes  Sees  Soviets  for Oermany  3
Japan  Recovering  from  Earthquake.... 3
Maxim  Gorki Lauds Lenin  3
A War Lie; and How It Grew
ARTHUR PONSONBY, Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs in the
•**• late Labor government in Britain, gives thc following "House
that Jack Built" story in a letter to the "Nation":
Perhaps you will allow me to illustrate thc growth of a war
lie which occurred at the fall of Antwerp, and wliich, fortunately, I
havo kept.
"Kolnische Zeitung": "When the fall of Antwerp got known the
church bells, were rung"  (meaning ln Germany).
"Le Matin": "According to the 'Kolnische Zeitung' the clergy
of Antwerp were compelled to ring the church, bells when the fortress was taken."
"Tho Times'^ "According to what the 'Matin' has heard from
Cologne, the Belgian priests who refused to ring thc church bolls
when Antwerp was taken , have been driven from tlieir places."
"Corriere della Sera," of Milan: "According to what the 'Times'
has heard from Cologne, via Paris, the unfortunate Bclginn priests
who refused to rifag the church bells when Antwerp wns taken have
been sentenced to hard labor."
"Lc Matin": "According to information of the 'Corriere della
Sera' from Cologne, via London, it is confirmed that the barbaric
conquerors of Antwerp punished the unfortunate Belgian priests for
their heroic refusal to ring the church bells by Iianging them as living clappers to tlie bells with their heads down," j,_iia_n_w
Page Two
Friday, February 19, 19|
unto  others  as you  would  have' remedy.    It is to spread  amqng
otliers do unto yob; all* peoples  a   knowledge" of  the
So let us work for real harmony,  fact that human work is the only
peace,   and* happiness,   where   no  thing   which- human   beings   can
Readers of THs -tiki AlvocaW at»
Invited to setrd' in Wttkrs for pubUta-
tion in our "Opon gfcum." Thii Is
a "treo tin all." IWcommunieMlom
-will be censored se» long u -writers
refrain from indulge* ln pentnisU-
UM. Lettera ihonll^not exce»d 260
words. The rnanageinent" of Tne Advocate assumes no responsibility for
opinions expressed ln this space.
classes,  organize the unorganized-,- tfara or "°°a of our fflothers or  excha**e.    Ahd, further, that the- BM?iBW' & ute&ux, 401 M*
get our fellow'workers-to read'the
ADVOCATE!—and take a few les-
soiis from our.-Chinese and Japalii
ese fellow workers when thby
strike. I doubt if we would have
sufficient spare time a,t that!
It   Us   regrteable   that   R.W.N.
The Shorter Work Week  should speak in such a contempt-
Editor,  Labor  Advocate:—R.W.  lble manner  of our Oriental  fel-
N* does not agree with shortening  low workers.    As for their trades
sisters   will   flow,   tot-   then   we
would   rather' die   than   kill   our
brother.    In  concluSibn* I* should
like  to  say  in the words  of the
great    English'   p"06ti    £lte_ider
Ah, how unlike the man of times.
to come,
Of half that live the butcher and
the hours of labor. "An eight hour
day, with four.on Saturday, is just
enough at any job, and net too
much," says R.W.N.
Let us look a little closer. Modern  machine  production,   finning
the tomb!
^ions^'me VemmVhta o_~the  who',foe l° nature- hears the gen
duratibrt of that wWrk is the one
thing by- which we* can equate*
all varieties' of it
Phoenix,  Arizona
Editor's Note:—We should like
to call our correspondent's attention to the fact that the enslaving  power  of  Capitalism   is   not
politan Bldf,
last strike in China, and the 1919
strike in Canada1.
R.W.N,   says* "What   does   the
Chink or Jap care for trade unionism?" and with abrupt finalty
full blast for a time, ls capable of  states  "Nothng."    Surely  R.W.N.  THe ftery passlons from that blood
piling up commodities in sufficient  Intended to'classify the question?      began>
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Pa
*§«£, T^H-M-ti^-St' Wi,
HASKINS  *   ELLIOTT,   100   Pel
Street W. The beet makea tt I
on e»sy termi.
u , , .    .u,        u . BOOTS AND SHOES      .
some nebulous,  misty thing,  but Arthur FrIth & Co f m, Malnj
pn the contrary is very concrete.  	
eral groan,
Murders their species ana betrays through numerous channels, and in
his own.
But just disease to luxury succeeds,
And every death Its own avenger
quantities to satisfy the needs of
Craft crucifixion brand? Then the
society for months at a stretch, In  JaP and  Chinese worker has in-
fact I am inclined to think R.W.N.   aeed a sense of humor!
knows this. H. muat I-no".' ''..at
there 'is a surplus oi! commodities
on hand—hence the unemployed
What is the relationship? Long
hours, less number of workers employed, greater period of unem.
ployment until the "pile" diminishes. Engels makes this very
clear in "Socialism Utopian,* and
Scientific," page 79:
Capitalist Production
"The extension of the markets
can not keep pace with the extension of production. The collision
becomes inevitable, and as this
cannot produce any real solution
so long as it does not break ln
pieces the capitalist mode of production, the collisions become periodic.
"Capitalist production has begotten another 'vicious circle.'    ;,
"As a matter of fact since 1825,
The Oriental
As for pipedreams about comical "knives," read the following
from the Encyclopedia Brltannica:
"Their civilization (Chinese) was
old at a time when Britain and
Germany were peopled with hair-
naked barbarians, and the philo.
sophical and ethical principles, on
which it was based, remain to all
appearances as firmly rooted as
"That these principles have on
the whole helped to create a national type of a very high order,
And turned on man a fiercer savage man.
Thrums, B. C.
The Workers' Press
throughnumerous channels, and in
var!6us forms, yet* th'e real enslaving power it the forces of the
As* for the "medium of; transfer,
the unit" of which" represents
something not wholly adult human work," we presume our friend
meaps money, in this case in Its
gold form; ahd gold, as a medium
of exchange, represents nothing
but crystallized human labor.
The remedy ls not the spread
of knowledge i|U any particular
theory. Knowledge is merely a
guide, not a driving force. The
one real remedy ls the seizure of
political   power   by   the   workers,
H. Harvey, 58 Cordova' St. W.i
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastings St.\
Dr. d. a. mcmillan, fa
Graduate. Open daily and ev
688 Hastings Street West, eor.
ville   Street.    Pbone   Sey.   6054,
Dr.  W.
Curry;  101 Domini
naturally reserved, earnest . and
good natured; for the occasional
outbursts of ferocious violence,
notably against foreign settlements, are no Index to the national character. There is a national
proverb that—the men of the four
seas   are   all   brothers—and   even
Red Star Drug Store, Cor.
dova and Carrall.
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 48
tings St. H.
Cordova St. W., few doors weit)
Woodward's.   Sey, 8687.  Wholesale
retail window glass.
-- — -*. ...... uo..=.0»... t,u,» v*.-upc.a- . ,0r*"?;i!^ n™$i£~$*.*_*i'* ,£.
her pay up her war debt.   Vlftkers tion between the farmers and in.  - '  *&*"•    108°  T,ct0'ta  Drl
Editor, Labor Advocate:— I
think it is about time the workers
woke up, and secured a good press
of their own, through: which to
voice their opinions.
Militarism has a strong organl- and the abolition of the present
zation.    Capitalism  has  a  strong social system.
organization.   Why not the work- 	
Make France,. Italy, Spain and    The  Editor Under  Fire''
those   other   countries   pay  their      Editor,    Labor    Advocate:—In
few Europeans who know Chinese lull share of war debts, and the reference to a news item, by Carl
well would deny.   The Chinese are  workers of all countries will have Haessler, which appeared in your
peace at ortce.   If Italy Was Under issue of January 22nd„ as a farmr
when the first general crisis broke  strangers  can  travel  through  the
out, the whole industrial and commercial world, production and exchange among all civilized peoples
and their more or less barbaric
hangers-on, are thrown sout of
joint about once every ten years.
Commerce is at a standstill, the
markets are glutted, products oc-
cumulate, as multitudinous as
they are unsaleable, hard* cash dls.
appears, credit vanishes, factories
close, the mass of the workers are
ln need of the means of subsistence; bankruptcy follows upon
bankruptcy, execution upon execution.
"The stagnation lasts for years;
productive forces and products are
wasted and destroyed wholesale,
until the accumulated mass of
commodities finally filter off,
more or less depreciated in value,
until    production    and
country    without    meeting    with
rudeness, much less outrage."
Get busy after the shorter work-
Ltd. would be the losers, see their dustrial workers I take exception
vast  holdings  in   Italy.     It   pays to the heading you gave*the item
these countries to have wars. in   question:    "Gouge   at   Home,
The War Debt          v Dump Abroad,    Farmers'  Motto."
Why    should    Canada   pay   so Permit me to say that If  any
much    of    Britain's    debt,    when gouging is done lt is us farmers
those Latin countries  only pay a who are being gouged, but I am
part?-  Vickers Ltd.  has substan- hoping for the day when we farm-
tial  holdings  in  Italian,   Spanish, ers shall be so organized that we
High. 1S7.
day brother. We need lots of time French  and  Roumanian  compan- are able to contrbr the products of
to study and learn from those who
are our fellow workers, -irrespective of race, creed, color or sex,
Munson,  Alberta. f
The Religious Aspect
Editor Labor Advocate:—I read
the argument between you and
"Open Forum" of February Bth,
fend it Is my opinion that the
cause of our poor living lies far
deeper than in inventing different
social economic reforms.
Man is something more than a
body, he has a spiritual beginning,
exchange  and the masses of the globe must
les, and the League of Nations is our labor, and thus secure a liv-
only-an instrument of war and not ing wage, Surely Labor will not
of peace. New wars are being pre- deny us this right; for' is it not
pared under the mask of pacifism, two of organized labor's greatest
the imperialist method of direct almis to keep wages up to the high-
military action, such as took place est level; and to keep the hours
in the Ruhr, where the workers of toil'as low as possible? Both of
were forced to mine coal under these objectives-have'my approval,
machine guns. Practically the DUt' apparently; Mr. Editor, when
same thing was done in Morocco,  the   farmer   tries  to  follow   suit,
China and Syria.
The Workers' frask
by your heading referred to above.
he is at once charged with'gouging.
, , Such statements do net assist in
„,!!L!'eJ!.0.r!Cer.SJl0n.e.?a,n_!_0P bringing   these' two- great   labor
groups together. • -
The problem's'of* the farther are
capitalist greed and exploitation
of small countries. If Mussolini
was forced to pay Italy's full war
W.  B.  Brummitt,   18-20  Cordq
Arthur Frith & Co., 2813 Main
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and
Ings Streets.
W.  B.   Brummitt,   18-20  Cordtj
V   HAIRED.     Columbia   records,
les.     Gramophones    repaired.     Bag
reeds    and    supplies.    Will    Edo
Muslo Store, 065 Bobson St. Sey.:
Pitman Optical House. 615 H^j
ings West.
Gregory   &   Reid,   117   Hastif
Street East.
Mainland Cigar Store, -810 Car3
debt he would have to chatty the fmany a"d varied The products are tQ that  partiou,ar st0ry, and
refrain of the Fascist sone, which *£* ^„^t •^to!ia),le''..a,ld; tatttitted'  as    a    general    chal
gradually begin to move again.
"Little by little the pace quickens. It becomes a trot. The industrial trot breaks into a canter,
the canter in turn grows into the
headlong gallop of a perfect
steeplechase of industry, commercial credit and speculation, whicli
finally, after breakneck leaps, ends
where It. began—In the ditch of a
"And so over again.
"We have now, since the year
1825, gone through this five times,
(11 times now) and at the present moment (1877 we are going
through it for the sixth time (12th
be made to realize the great laws
of our Creator, which were perfectly explained by Jesus Christ in
his short Sermon on the Mount.
We can all see that our civilization is rotten, and if we. do not
stick to common sense the result
is certain to bo serious, as all nations are working for one principle—gain and power—and are
inventing with crazy craftiness all
sorts of deadly gases, etc., which
they will use in the next great
Did not the last great wholesale
slaughter show us, Comrades, that
is "To Arms."
But Britain makes "profits (my
mistake, I mean sacrifices) in order to maintain the gool will of
the Italian people. Why not make lnqulrea m to the price being paid
must be quickly disposed of, or'
otherwise" taken care' of; The
writer once took* a shipment of
pork to Vancouver, • and wheh he'
against farmers.
a greater sacrifice to mainr-iin tlte
good will of the men who went
* Food, clothing, homes,  comfort,
pocket money, pensions, instead of
medals, war taxes and excise tax.
was informed that the bottom had
dropped out of the pork barrel;
the price of pork was down, so
was beef, etc. I asked the manager
if his wages had been reduced, or
those of the* other employees. He
replied   "Oh,  no."   "But,"  I  said,
Send in your subscription tod|
WANTED Consulting Heating and 1
ti'atlng  Engineer   to   give   exfe
opinion   re   heating   and   ventilating!
new   school   buildings.    Roply  by  nl
Monday,  22nd  Inst.,   in sealed envoi
"you have made a great reduction   tt. '^lif* VtaJLJ  \t
Another Theory
Editor, The Canadian Labor Advocate:—In  your  editorial,   "Why
we are in great darknes?  Will we
time now), and the character of let ourselves fall again into an even   Patch a Rotten Vessel?"  in
these crises is ao clearly defined   greater darkness, and cause rivers  issue   of   JanUary   29th   you  say:
that Fourier  hit all  of them  off  of human blood to flow?   No one  "Our great  problem   (at the mo- cause°prevdll."
when   he  described   the   first   as  can  argue  that there will  be no   ment)   is  to   reduce  the   rate  of
"crise  plethorique,"  a crisis from   more war.    Even  statesmen,  and   exploitation    by    increasing    real
political students say it is coming,  wages,  or reducing the hours  of
Can -this be called the progress of  toll—the    latter    preferably*—and
the 20th century?  Is this the civilization we talk so much about,
and take such pride in?
Dear   Comrades,    let    us    seek
light, and walk ln light as told by
Jesus   Christ,   and  afterwards  by
great thinkers and philosophers of
all ages.    Let us, dear comrades,
every one of us penetrate deep in
our hearts the love-of which Christ
spoke,    for    I    am    certain    that
Christ's  love  alone  will  solve  all
in my wages." Now who was doing  Board,
the gouging? Do not pin-prick the *^^=
farmer. Labor needs the farmer's ^|
assistance,   and  we" farmers   need
the assistance of labor, so let our
you_' object be to become one, for only
through   such   unity   can   Labor's
Seeretary,    Vanoouver    Sol
Our Leisure Time
R.W.N.'s objections to the shorter working day are In reality no
objections at all, for if he would be
lost with a few more leisure hours
every day,; what of the unem *■■
ployed, with hungry, homeless
months of it? Would they riot
welcome say a four hour day, re.
celVlng the full value of all they
create, working year in and year
out, according to the needs of society?
And what"to,do with all this spare
time? Take-in working, class lectures,     attend     workers'     study
Tours for closer co-operation between farmer and labor.
ultimately to forever end a social Editor's Note:—Headings on
system the very basis of which newtf items are neither moral pre-
condemns us to a life of wage- cepts, nor general statements, but
slavery". specifically refer- to the- story that1
True, and it is with the" wiV to- follows, indicating? atf far* at. fob*
"ultimately to forever end" that or five w6rde*wfll.p*6*hiK,*the*-ehar-
system which I wish to deal.        acter of that partleWarStbty.
First, we must know the key to Tfie hews" item' iii <(ues.lo-f told
the enslaving power of the pres- of1 the'efforts of a'group; of tfS.
ent system. That is to be found farmers to enact legislation which
ln our belief in  (and so use of) would have the effect of enabling. -
a' medium of transfer the unit of them, when a surplus of corn ex.
our problems, and will outlive our  which represents something which ists, to charge a high price at home
individual egoism, and will cause  is not wholly adult human work, and a low price abroad, and the
us to live a Higher moral life—Do      Secondly, we need to know the heading was written with reference
EMPLOYED ?iday, February 19, 1926
Page Three
- - POLITICS - -
synes Sees Soviets        German Labor Adopts
Coming in Germany       No More War Policy
Disarmament Gathering - Japan Recovering From
May'Be Held in France    Effects of Earthquake
JERLIN.—The execution of
•Dawes plan may pave the way
the Bolshevizatlon of Germany,
Wen In an article by the Eng-
economlst,    John    Maynard
ynes, published  by the.  Lokal
Inder the caption, "The seoond
r of the Dawes plan," Profes-
Keynes says that while the
year of the Dawes plan was
'in sailing," great difficulties
have to be overcome, in the
'three years-when the trans-
committee must turn a deficit
$250,000,000 into a profit of
'he prefessor declares the ac.
ty  of  the  transfer  committee
ist be concentrated on lowering
standard of life of the German
3erman industrialists are ready
cooperate with the Dawes plan
cutives, Keynes continues, but
re will be a time when no Ger-
n government will enjoy the
lfidence of the German people.
■Vn attempt to reduce the living
ndard of Germany would pave
way for  revolution, the pro-
sor believes.
I  forsee the  greatest  difficul-
in the execution of the Dawes
n and for the present Germany
the danger point of Europe,"
a Keynes.
eynes observes what has been
in to all "reds"—that the
wes plan instead of stabilizing
ditions in Germany will help to
ke the lot of the working class
ich worse.
BERLIN—Enemies of war
stormed tbe recent German Trade
Union : Congross at 'Breslau and
gained a notable victory when the
convention gave them a unanimous endorsement of their pledge
against human slaughter. With
livid memories of war seared lntb
their brains, the delegates solemnly pledged themselves to do everything possible to prevent war, and
in case a -War was declared in
spite of their protests, to ban the
manufacture of arms and munitions and the transportation of
troops and armaments. The railway delegates united in promising
to stop all wheels! 'in case the
blood-loving Imperialists forced
another war-on'the country.
While similar resolutions were
passed by the German workers before they were stampeded into the
world war, 'the terrible memories
of Germany's five.year agony gives
undoubted worth to the present
resolution. The International Federation of Trade Unions' Anti War
Committee asks other national-labor congresses to • follow the German workers' steps -in outlawing
Due to the increasing influence
of Organized Labor ijp the tiny
Dutchy of Luxembourg, where
the number of Labor Party
men in the Diet was raised to
eight out of a total of 'forty-
seven at the election of last
March, the Government has reestablished the shop councils that
had been set up In' 1919 and suspended in 1921 by the reactionary
Government. All enterprises employing twenty workers or more
must have shop councils elected
by the workers and with power
to supervise the workings of collective agreements, welfare institutions, wages, etc. This gain
ls expected to Increase the > prestige of the Labor,Party apd work
to its advantage ln the future.
>lish Worker Killed
On Way From Prison
VARSAW,      Poland.—Comrade
djenskl,   member   of  the  cen
executive   committee   of   the
munlst Party of Poland who
arrested at Grodno, was killed
police while on his way from
prison  to  a   railroad   station
where  he  was to  come  to
Wolynia, a province which
e belonged to Ukrainia and
,ch was occupied by Poland dur-
its war on Soviet Russia in
1, for the first six months of
5  according to  the reports of
government   inspector   there
e   18   attacks   on   an  average
ry week on workers and peas-
on  whom  the  Polish  police
cast their suspicion. Of 100
kers and peasants arrested, 42
e executed immediately and 17
nd over to a! court-martial.
Maxim Gorki Praises
Soviet's China Policy
MOSCOW, U. S. iS. R.—Maxim
Gorki whose position on the
Soviet Union has changed a number of times, in a letter sent to
Prof. Pavlovltch, director of the
University of eastern languages,
expresses his admiration of Lenin
and hopes that his previous remarks will not be considered disparaging to the great leader of
the Russian revolution.
"I am not a great patriot,"
writes Gorki from Naples, Italy,
"but considering that Russia may
be considered a backward country
I am proud of the great influence
it Is having in arousing the
Orient." The letter was signed
Aleksel M. Pashkov as Maxim
Gorki is but his pen name.
Over 5,000 Japanese textile
workers walked out of the Kawasaki textile mills on November
24, demanding higher wages and
more consideration from the employers A number of strikers
were arrested following a demonstration in which they carried
banners protesting against the inhuman conditions they were subjected to.
GENEVA—Following the re-'
fusal of the Soviet Union to attend "any league conference on disarmament if it is held in Switzerland, as they do not want to have
any of their representatives as.
sassinated as one of their delegates to a conference in Switzerland was, France is offering the
disarmament conference Evaln les
Bains and Aix les Bains as sites for
the conference.
The municipal government of
Geneva is urging the Swiss gov
ernment to right the wrong that
was done the Soviets. They call on
the federal government" to punish
the assassin and not allow him to
remain free. The municipal government here had contemplated to
make a goodly sum of money
through the conference being held
here as there would be many delegates and visitors. Now Geneva
will lose all this. '-
As the European powers insist
that Russia be one of the participants in this conference as nothing definite can be decided without her participation, the conference will have to be held outside
of Switzerland. Evian les Bains ls
gaining in favor as it is near the
Swiss border and not far from the
secretariat of the league.
Carters, drivers, trolleymen,
draymen, teamsters and motor
men meeting in conference at Hobart decided for the amalgamation of all workers into one union
engaged in road transport work,
with the exception of streetcar
men., "The new organization will
have a membership of 20,000.
Expose of Bombings
Results in Suicides
WASHINGTON—Japan has won
her battles to recover her com.
merclal position, following the
earthquake catastrophe in 1923,
and last year saw the establishment of a new record for foreign
The department of ' commerce
has made public figures showing
total exports from Japan in 1925
of $954,884,000 and imports of
$1,054,939,000. Exports were $200,-
000,000 greater than ln the preceding year and imports were up
As a result of the heavier in
crease in exports the unfavorable
balance of trade was reduced from
$155,942,000 in 1924, to $105,055,-
000 last year.
A heavy drop in building material purchases indicated that Japan virtually has completed the
reconstruction of its industrial
plants many of which were laid
waste by. the earthquake.
The United States led as a purchaser of Japanese goods, having
taken about one-third of the coun.
try's total export and ninety-five
per cent, of the exports of raw
The United States fared better
in the Japanese market than the
European nations. British trade
having dropped off 27 per cent.;
Germany 16 per cent and Belgian
60 per cent.
.* ..-' 'RUSSIA
The Moscow Soviet of trade
unions has completed the initial
plan of the radiofication of the
villages of the Moscow district.
Radios are established now in all
the 209 volost (parochial) village
reading rooms of the Moscow
province. Radio circles are formed in each reading room.
atronize our advertisers.
Stay at the
Tha Place Called Home
Oorner GORE AVE. and
Phona Sey. ei21
tOO Elegantly Furnished
0 Rooma with Private Bath
Moderate  Prices
Worker Soviets Have
Edge on Capitalists
has been much talk here of the
confiscatory nature of Soviets.
Soviets of workers or of capitalists
are alike opposed to our democratic form of government. But
workingmen's Soviets would at
least represent a good deal larger
part of the population than the
capitalists' Soviets do. What we
need is the development of cooperative capitalism in place of
our present system. We need cooperatives for the processing and
marketing of the product of the
farms, and our present laws have
the effect of preventing Jhat development. The farmers continue
to suffer while you reduce the
taxes on the rich."
Thus Sen. Brookhart of Iowa,
spokesman of the farm co-operative movement, delivered an effective answer to the plea for the
rich, made by Sen. Underwood of
Alabama, in debate on the reduction of surtax rates on incomes.
Both Chile a^id Peru have appealed from the election law
adopted by the commission in
charge of the coming plebiscite
to "determine" who gets Tanca
and Arica.
Pass this copy to your shopmate
and get him to subscribe.
Fresh Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Planta, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
Hutinp St. -Entity, ui 672    oes QnavlUe SttMt   Sey. W1MSI1
161 Hutlngt Strwt Wut S.y.  1170
Arrest of Girl Pickets
Bring More Volunteers
NEW YORK—(FP)—Arrest bf
twenty girl pickets and members
of union committees calling dress
shop strikes failed to prevent the
workers of twenty-five non-union
shops from walking out. The
strikes are the first blows in the
dressmakers' union, International
Ladies' Garment Workers, organization drive against all non-union
shops. The workers arrested were
mostly union volunteer workers
who were persuading non-union
workers to get into the line of
standard union conditions.
Workers arrested were fined $5
each Thousand^ of union dressmakers are volunteering to make
the organization drive a complete
success. They form committees
ln the large buildings housing
many dress shops and district
committees to see that all workers and all shops are unionized.
CHICAGO—The grand fiasco
suffered by the Chicago daily
press when Its loudly heralded expose of "labor-terrorism" turned
into a discovery of actual bombings by employer associations now
registers two deaths. The first
was the suicide of an official of
the Master Barbers' Association.
The second is the death in hospital of Joseph Sangerman, its
business agent. Sangerman was
under indictment for bombing
barber shops that remained outside his organization.
In practically every case where
a barber shop was bombed by this
agent of the employers the daily
press attributed the terrorism to
the union. The union was shown
innocent when the grand jury indicted Sangerman but did not
touch union officials or members.
The papers In Chicago have
been remarkably quiet about
bombings since the evidence revealed the bosses as the real
bombers, not only in the barber
business, but in half a dozen other
BOSTON—(F P)—The Massachusetts minimum wage, commis.
sion sets $9 a week as the minimum for inexperienced girls and
women and $13 for those with a
year's experience—a dollar a week
more than last year in the candy
Million-Dollar Fund
for Needle Union Fight
NEW YORK—(FP)—New York
ladies' garment workers are raising a million dollar fund this
month to carry the union through
the general strike in the cloak and
suit industry that is likely this
spring. The rank and file, by a
three to one vote, have sustained
the New York joint board in its
decision to levy a $20 contribution
on each member for the impending struggle.
The union is demanding a definite limitation on the number of
contractors with whom a jobber
can deal; it demands that only
shops above a certain size be tolerated and It calls for full right of
inspection by representatives of
the union.
Guaranty of 32 weeks work a
year is part of the program for
discipline over the industry. Garment making Is highly seasonal.
The union declares that the em.
ployer must plan his work so as
to spread it out over most of the
year. The 40-hour week ls another demand.
U. S. Bosses Flay Up
Misleading Figures
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press)
Gross  exaggeration  of  the  improvement ln  living standards  ln
the  iron and  steel  Industry appears Jn_M_____Le___________clic__t^^
"Iron Age based on figures^ furnished by U. S. commissioner of
labor statistics, Ethelbert Stewart.
Here as ln his article on union
wages, Stewart has played directly
into the hands of the steel barons
by basing his calculations on
hourly rather than full-time
weekly earnings.
Stewart's figures show that in
1924 blast-furnace employees en.
joyed a standard of living 48.8%.
above 1913 and nearly 39% above
1907. As a matter of fact the
'weekly wages of these workers
will purchase only 11.3 per cent,
more than in 1913 while their purchasing power shows no improvement over 1907. The significant
fact which Stewart omits is that
average full-time hours per week
have fallen from 81.4 In 1907 and
78 in 1913 to 60.6 hours in 1924.
Blast-furnace workers are even
worse off today than figures for
1924 Indicate, for the cost of living has been steadily rising without corresponding increase in steel
wages. By December, 1925, the
purchasing power of their wages
was only 7% above 1913 and was
3%% below 1907, quite a different
showing from Stewart's figures
boastfully featured in the Iron
Russian Wheat Rivals
Canadian No. 1 Hard
MOSCOW,—(Tass)—Analyses of
the Soviet wheat crop of 1926,
made at the order of the people's
commissariat for foreign trade of
the Union of Soviet Republics by
the state experimental station of
grain products in Berlin, has
shown quite satisfactory quality
of grain The ton samples of winter
wheat had on an average 14,98
per cent protein, 37.69 per cent
of dry gluten. The best sorts of
Canadian wheat, establishing the
prices of the world market, contain proteins and gluten in similar quantles **^^
Page Four
Friday; February 19,. 191
t%*tlt**rud fo^t
Address All Letters  a)nd
Remittances to the Editor
Ott}? (Eattafctatt Unbox KbwtzU
1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C. Phone Sey. 2132
:: Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
Breaking Labor Organizations       A New Danger
WITCHCRAFT is not so dead as
" some people might) Imagine.
Last year certain God fearing gentlemen, in the Land of Liberty,
waged war on the theory of evolution, much to the benefit of the
town where the trial took place,
and to tlie amusement of the rest
of the world. -This year an
ancient blasphemy law is sched-
duled to hold the centre of
the stage. A working class speaker, named Blmba, was arrested recently in the State of Massachusetts, charged with declaring his
disbelief in a God, and stating that
the workers had but little need for
either gods or devils. Tills somewhat commonplace statement bids
fair to become as famous as did
tlie monkey trial In Tennessee.
*   *   *
AN INTERESTING sidelight on
this trial Is the fact that the
law Blmba Is charged with violating was pnssed in 1697, and was
.enacted at the behest of a certain
clergyman named Mather, who
used to make a public exhibition
of his piety by hunting witches
and hanging his victims. Mather,
ln spite of his godliness, is now
practically forgotten, but the fruits
of his homicidal mind still exist.
Could we project ourselves forward another 225 years what
would    the    present    prosecution
seem like?
. *    *    *
rpHE ANTHRACITE strikers are
•*■ returning to work—voluntary
Not so the mine mules. Accord,
ing to press reports various devices have to be employed in order to get the mules Into the cage
which will take them back to
work. The mules object to being
enslaved, they dislike work and
frankly admit it. They would
sooner roam In tlie pasture than
draw cars of coal, ^ut man, the
"superior of all brute creation" is
literally falling over himself In his
desire to don his harness.
* » »
PROSPERITY mongers must
■*■ have had a fit when they read
the annual report of the Vancouver City Mission. No fewer than
90,000 men luid been existing in
such precarious circumstances
, that they had had to sleep in that
institution during tht past year,
arid of that number 5,100 have received free beds, and a number
moro had applied for accomodation, but sufficient space was not
available. Yes, Vancouver is
growing, and as It grows It Is acquiring all tlie characteristics of
any other big city—unlimited
wealth on the one hand, starvation, degradation, and misery on
the other. This, in our degenerate age, is known ns becoming
.W7HEN in years to come man casts his eyes back over the
annals of the North American Labor movement, and,
freed from the tramelling influences of today, endeavors to
correctly estimate its display of strength here, its weakness
there; its successes and reverses; its victories and defeats; its
philosophical backwardness; and its failure to clearly recognize its ultimate goal, in spite of its many almost inherent
defects he will surely find the blackest pages are those which
recount the activities of the American prototype of the European anarcho-syndicalists—the I. W. W. Except for a few
spectacular victories, the fruits of which were no sooner won
than lost, he will be unable, to find any evidence which will
warrant him appraising that group as anything but a destructive force.
For twenty years they have been propagating misleading doctorines from platform and soapbox, instilling into
the minds of their listeners a philisophy based on false premises, and which could result only in leading those who followed them into a cul-de-sac. During that time hundreds
of thousands of workers have passed through their ranks,
and strong, healthy local unions have been "captured" only to
go to pieces in a few months. Wherever they have gone and
gained an influence the desolation of working class disorganization has followed in their wake.
The latest group upon whom has been inflicted this ravishing influence is the coal miners of Alberta,, where that
orotorical jack-in-the-box, Sam Scarlett, is at present
engaged in breaking up the existing miner's union, and substituting therefor an empty name, as high sounding as it is
lacking in material substance. The principles of this individual may be judged by the fact that some two months, ago,
in Calgary, while speaking on an I. W. W. platform, he made
practically the same charges against Kid Burns, then on trial
for strike activities, as were being made, by the Crown prosecutor.
The miners of Alberta have had a particularly hard row to
hoe during the past two years, but if they desire to retain any
semblance of a labor union they would be well advised to
closely scrutinize the record of those who are promising them
a Utopia, as well as the history of the body they are being
asked to join. Before joining the I. W. W. they should at
least insist on knowing which one they are being inveigled
into, seeing that for almost two years two organizations
have been laying claim to that inglorious title.
■*THE Province of Feb. 10th an
nounces that "Captain John
Stewart, R.N.R., extra master
mariner, Trinity House pilot, a
lieutenant commander in the Royal Naval Reserve, and Fellow of
the Royal Astronomical Society,
has been appointed assistant harbor-master for Vancouver."
The gallant lieutenant commander carrying all that heavy
artillery would surely not have
needed much of a pull to get the
job. I confess to a total ignorance
of maritittte matters, but think
that part of the assistant harbormaster's duties consists of over
looking the harbor from the top
of the Spencer building, or some
other loiity spot, and watching that
the big shi^s don't nose the little
ones out of their berths; and that
jay-sailors don't get on the wrong
tack while crossing the Inlet, so,
of course, his being a Fellow of
the Royal Astronomical Society,
and owning his own telescope,
helped the captain quite a lot ln
obtaining the  appointment.
This granting of an appointment to a person with some qualifications for the job is considered
by some as establishing a danger,
ous precedent. They say if this
sort of thing is going to be continued what is going to become of
the political heelers, and grafters,
and all the rest of the easy Job
I do not quite see things in their
light, not that I favor anything so
extreme as asking for qualifications in applicants for these appointments, but it is necessary that
there be employed a judicious
sprinkling of men who know their
jobs—in the supernumberary appointments of course.
However, there is no need for
anyone to view this matter with
alarm. Government and municipal
appointments will still continue
to be the reward of those whose
political complexions are of the
correct hue. J.A.B.
Railway Clerks Refuse]
To Give Up Teamst
sion of the Brotherhood of PJ
way Clerks from the Amerij
Federation of Labor looms .
automatic aftermath of the r]
erated refusal to obey the j<J
dictional decision of the Atlq
City convention.
By  unanimous vote  the
executive  council  of  the  raltf
clerks  declined   to   turn   overj
the  International  Brotherhood
Teamsters    and    Chauffeurs
several  thousand railway  exprl
drivers awarded to the teamstT
by  the  A.   F.   of  L.   conventjj
The term of the award as adopl
at Atlantic City October 13, 19]
included a clause for the suspq
sion of the clerks In ninety
if they remained  refractory,
ninety days  expired in Januar
memorial Sunday—the second
niversary of the death of the ll
Bolshevik leader—saw five mel
ing halls In New York and Brod
lyn packed in his honor, with j
estimated 12,000 Inside and
other 4,000  turned  away.
Furuseth Re-elected
Head of Sailors' Union
BALTIMORE — (FP) — At its
closing session in Baltimore, the
convention of the International
Sailors' Union of America, reelected Andrew Furuseth president, and chose Victor A. Olander
of Chicago, general secretary—
an offlce he has been filling temporarily since spring. One day's
recess was taken during the convention, to enable the ofllcers to
testify before congressional committees at Washington in favor of
the LaFollette bill establishing a
continuous discharge book system! for the protection of seamen.
Despoiling Canadian Womanhood
APPARENTLY under the present beneficent social system
laws are made to be broken. Whenever a general outcry demands rectification of a glaring evil the political tricksters,
who hold the reins of power get busy and frame an act containing a sufficient number of loopholes to permit those who
so desire, to escape its influence. This serves the purpose of
keeping the lawmakers in a job, stifling public opinion, and
maintaining the status quo.
A few month ago we heard much about a minimum wage
for men, and when it finally came into being the list of exemptions was found to include practically all those unfortunate enough to be receiving a wage sufficientuy low to come
within its scope.
Going still further back a minimum wage law for women
was enacted, and true to tradition it contained the usual
number of employer escape valves.
A glaring example of how this act works in actual practice was brought to our attention recently. Certain young
women are being employed for six hours a day in a local
restaurant, and receiving the starvation pittance of $7 weekly.
These girls, living from hand to mouth, are afraid to complain lest their slender hold on life be shattered. This is
an example of "Honest" John's refonristic legislation, a monument to his activity on behalf of Lubor and an illustration
of how women of the working class are treated by capitalist
society. A few years ago it was: "save Belgian maidens."
Today, it is stint, starve, and rob Canadian women, or force
them into a life of shame.   Democracy thou art a jewel I
Says U.S. Worker is
Cheapest on Earth
B. Costlgan of the U. S'. tariff
commission condemned the tendency of Pres. Coolidge to pack
federal commissions apd courts
with partisans in a speech before
the Baltimore open forum.
"The view is growing," said
Costlgan, "that big business may
have its representatives sit in judgment on the tariffs affecting its
industries, If big business can
regulate its regulators, then we
might as well have a dictator like
Mussolini, as some seem to favor."
On the basis of his investigation
into costs of production the world
over. Costlgan declared, "Although
wages in' the United States are
highest in the world, America
need not fear the competition of
low-wage countries. The highly
paid labor In this country is very
productive and the cost of production per unit ls much lower.
ion building trades mechanics are
starting a huge educational campaign to abolish the open shop in
San Francisco, setting April as the
deadline after which no union men
will be allowed to work on any job
which employs nonunion men. The
Bay District council of Carpenters
lniated the movement. A similar
fight was lost in 1921, but the
unions feel strong enough for a
new test*.
—Meets ucond Monday in tk* mod
Presidont, J. B. Whito; iooroUry, B.I
Neelands.    P. O. Box BB.
111, lit Pondor St. Woot. BmU
mooting! lot and 8rd Wodnoidoy o«
Info. R. H. Neelanda, Chairman; E.J
Morriion, Soo.-Trooo.; Angus Maela]
8S44 Prinoo Edward Stroot, Vtnoouf
B.O., Corrupondlng. Secretary. !
Any dlotrlot ln British Columbia <
siring Information ro scouring apeak!
or tho formation of local branohoi, Ut
Iy oommunioato with Provincial So]
tary J. Lylo Tolford, 624 Birks Bf
Vanoouver, B.O. Tolephono Seyr"
HM, or Bayvlew 6680.
Moots socond Thursday ovory —_
in Holdon Building, Prosidont, J. Brl|
woll; finanoial socrotary, H. A.
ron, Ttl 18th Avo. East.	
ig—MooU first and third Fridays!
tho month at 146 Haatings W., a|
p.m. Presidont, R, K. Brown,
Charles St.; secretary-treasurer, Ged
Harrison, 1182 Parker St.
UNION, Local 146, A. F. et
Meots ln G.W.V.A. Hall, Seymoar
Ponder Streets, aeoond Snnday at]
a.m. President, E. O. Miller, 1)1 f
■on atroet; seoretary, E. A. Jamie*
ttl Nelson streot; financial secret*
W, E. Williams, ttl Nolson stroet; ]
ganlsor, F. Fletcher, ttl Nolson sti
at Rooms 6, 6 and 7, Flack BulliJ
168 Hastings Streot W„ Vancouver,
Tel. Sey. 3698. President, James Ed
Vice-President, John Lawson; Secreti
Treasurer, Wm. H. Donaldson. Vici
Branch, Room 11, Green Block, BI
Btreet, Victoria, B. 0.   Phone 1908*
Presidont, R. P. Potlipleee; vleo-pf
ident,   0.  F.   Campbell;   secretary-trf
urer,   R.   H.   Neelands,   P.O.   Boa
Meots last Sunday of each month r
p.m. ln Holdon Building, lt Hasting
UNION,   No.   411—President,   B. j
Maedonald;   seoretary-treasurer,   J.
Campbell,   P.O.   Box   tit.    Meets
Thursday of eaeh montk.
ffiabor A&miral
With Whieh Is Incorporated
By tho Labor Pabllshlng 06,
Buiineu and Editorial Offloe
 1129 Howe 81
The Canadian Labor Advocate Is a
faotlonal weekly newspaper, giving i
ot the farmer-labor movement In ac|
Subscription  Ratea:   United  States
foreign,  12*50 per year;  Canada,-!
per year, $1 for six months; to anl
subscribing in a body,  Ito per
ber per montk.
Member Iho Federated Press asd
Britlah tabor Preu iday* February 19, 1926
Page Five
The Week at Ottawa
3y J. S. Woodsworth, M.P.)
IE debate on the Address drags
| wearily along.   In the earlier
|es the Conservatives  declined
participate  but  now they  are
ttically   carrying   the   debate.
[ing failed  to  defeat the  mo-
to grant an adjournment, the
position advanced another am-
nent to the Address deploring
affect of the government's pol-
jon the dairy Industry.    This
Indment has  special  reference
Pie Australian Treaty, and was
btless   designed   to   embarass
[Progressives. '
fist  year  the  debate  concern.
the Australian Treaty center-
very largely upon the benefit
it would be to certain groups
manufacturers,  especially  per-
the   automobile   and   pulp-
Id Industries; and, on the oth-
pand, the possible danger there
fit be to consumers especially
(he housewives who used rais-
Now  the  ground  is  shifted
we are told /that the Treaty
ked Itself injurious to the dairy
nests.    This   statement  is,   of
f-se,  rebutted   by  the  Minister
Agriculture who is well forti-
wlth statistics.    Last year a
hber of the Progressives voted
jnst  the  Treaty  very  largely
■the general grounds of their
Iction to tariffs and special prices.   This year they feel that
amendment is Introduced sim-
las a part of the obstruction-
(tactlcs that the  Opposition  is
g,  and  since  the  Treaty  has
[produced so far any very dis.
pus results they feel that they
no hesitation in rejecting the
Party Tactics
he trouble is that neither the
pe nor the country is worry-
, great deal about the Austral-
treaty. It is not an outstanding
tion,  ahd,' although' it might
be discussed in its place it
Produced as an amendment to
Address simply as a part of
farty tactics. In a recent ar-
Mr. Deachman makes a
|lng attack on what he terms
ghen's Methods." The fact is
Ithe methods objected to are
(by any means confined to
jkien.    The  idea  prevalent in
louse seems to be that lf a
can    make   an    inaccurate
aent and "get away with it"
rather clever. Afterwards
|stat.ement   may  be  corrected
ome one, and he may have
limit its incorrectness but the
Jettons do not reach the pub-
Apparently everything ls fair
bnly in "love and war," but
I in  politics  which,  after  all,
r present conducted, ls simply
des of warfare. . . ,
The Customs Enquiry
Committee appointed to
[with the scandal in connec-
[wlth the Customs is already
brk. Here the Liberals scor-
instead of the enquiry going
{only for the period in. which
I present administration has
\ in power, the Committee is
vered to go back to earlier
Actions. This matter may
|y involve a number of highly
individuals in the other
al camp. There seems lit-
bubt that the situation has
very bad. It is an astound-
Jevelation that Departmental
lis will now come forward
Ratify as to the rottenness of
hole system.
larently an official considers
|it. is his business to take
simply when he is told and
ut his eyes at other times
most glaring evils. The re.
\t this code of Departmental
is. that we have developed
Lfftclalism that places the
kh running of the Depart-
: above the objects for which
Department ls supposed to ex-
Id has led to the maintenance
of an army of expensive but inefficient officials.
Some Rulings
In two rather interesting rulings
the Speaker has laid down what
may and may not be said in parliament. It is unparliamentary to
accuse a Member of his having
beep "purchased" either by personal consideration or by legislation. It is interesting, however,
to note that it is quite parliamentary to say that a Member is only
a "rubber stamp". Had the
Speaker declared against the rubber stamp, the results might have
been very disastrous to party government as it would seem as If
the ordinary member believes that
he is sent to the House simply to
endorse the position of his party
leaders. Is unthinking obedience
of this character compatible with
true democracy? If so, better get
rid of all the unstandardized men-
bers of the House and in their
places order up a larger supply of
"rubber stamps"—blue or red!
A -Company Town Decision
A very interesting situation has
recently been brought to my attention which illustrates the attitude of the government officials
toward popular movements.
The miners of Luscar, Alberta,
are anxious to form a co-operative
store in the vicinity of Leyland,
Alberta. Unfortunately for them,
they live In a "company" town
where the mining company has a
monopoly of everything in sight
and will not permit the competition of a co-operative store. The
rigid control exercised by the
company is illustrated by the following letter signed by an official:
"I am on even date instructed
by the management of the Luscar
Colliers, Limited, to furnish accomodation to men only who are
employed by*them. It Is, therefore, necessary that you immediately vacate the bed you now
sleep in together with the rooms
that you are using as, an office
in the Luscar Hotel Annex."
Under these circumstances, the
miners asked permission of the
Forestry Branch to issue a lease
for the Co-operative store outside
the company's townsite. The Secretary of the Co-operative Union
of Canada, Mr. Geo. Keen, who
cannot be accused of being a "wild
eyed fanatic" has taken an Interest in this matter, also D. M. Kennedy, M.P. But what is the attitude of the Department? A paragraph or two from a memorandum of the Department is most illuminating—The Department in
refusing to grant a lease gives Its
reasons as follows:
Law and Order
"Under our regulations, a mining company ln a forest reserve
may be granted a lease of such
area of surface rights overlying
their under rights as is necessary
for the proper working of the
latter. The mining company holding such a lease enjoys the. exclusive use of the land with the pro.
viso that lt shall be uhed in connection with the mining operations, and for no other purpose.
These mining developments are
private industrial enterprises, and
the land necessary for .the effective working of the mine is essentially part of such enterprse. In
addtion to the actual mining plant
erected upon these lands, the mining company provides houses for
its miners, roads, streets, sanitation facilities, etc., and becomes
responsible for maintaining law
and order in the small community
thus created. Our surface leases
requires the company to establish
schools where such are necessary,
ln conformity with the provincial
requirements. It will thus be seen
that the Department makes the
mining company responsible for
the administration and maintenance of such townsites.
"Some of the considerations
which have prevented the Departs
Local Building Trades     Social and Dance
Plan Organizing Drive       in North Vancouver
The Vancouver building trades
are preparing to launch another
organizing campaign in' the
spring. The month of April ls
the date set for the campaign to
commence. A business agent for
the building trades is to be placed
In the field on that date, and the
Trades Council at last meeting
decided to vote $200 to assist in
the campaign. The building trades
increased their membership considerably last year, and it is hoped that before the present year is
far advanced these workers will
be organized 10,0 per cent.
The proposals for amalgamating
the Labor STATESMAN and the
Labor ADVOCATE agreed upon at
a previous meeting of the Trades
Coucil were rejected by last
meeting upon the recommendation
of the Executive and Press Committee.
C. L. P. Meeting
The next regular meeting of the
Greater Vancouver Central Council of the Canadian Labor Party
will be held in the Holden Bundling,, on Friday, February 26, at
8 p.m. All delegates are requested to take note and act accordingly.
A social evening, under the
auspices of the North Vancouver
Labor Party, will be held in the
Horticultural Hall, Lonsdale and
22nd, on-Saturday, February 27th,
at 8 p.m.
A musical programme ls being
arranged by the Committee a^nd
a good time is promised to all.
Cards, -dancing and refreshments
General admission, 26 cents.
 —  •
Neelands and Browne
To Speak in Royal
The regular weekly open forum
meeting, held by the Canadian
Labor Party, will take place on
Sunday .pight next, In the Royal
Two speakers will be on hand
at this meeting: R. H. Neelands,
M. P. P. and Frank Browne, M.
P. P. The usual questions and
discussion will be in order when
the speakers have completed their
addresses. Doors ope\n at 7 30
p.m.     Meting  starts   at   8.
On Sunday, February 28th, the
speaker will be Malcolm Bruce
from Toronto.
Pass this copy to your shopmate
•nd get him to subscribe.
Unemployment Is On
Increase in Denmark
COPENHAGEN. — The unemployment figures for the first week
of the new year show a tremendous increase. The number of
workers in receipt of benefit from
the trade unions has leapt up
from 73,000 to 84,000; that means
that one out of every three organized workers is out of a job. These
figures only, apply to organized
workers; the total number of unemployed in the whole country is
of course considerably higher than
that. The official statistics are
not available, but the total number might probably be estimated
at something like 100,000 or more,
ment from issuing occupation permits outside mining townsites are
as follows:
1. Such a course would lead to
the establishment of community
centres in the suburbs of mining
townsites, free from the authority
exercised by the mining company.
2. The preservation of law and
order in such communities would
devolve upon the Department.
3. Roads and Improvements
would have to be constructed and
maintained, and general supervision of buildings exercised by the
4. Opposition of the mining companies on the grounds that such
places would become headquarters for labor agitators to embarrass their operations.
"It Is therefore feared from past
experience that if we altered our
policy and granted the miners authority to maintain stores outside
the company townsites, these stores
would speedily become headquarters for agitators and other undesirable characters, to the detriment of law and order in the towns
and the embarrassment of the operators."
And this is Liberalism! Liberalism not of the platform but Lib.
eralism at work. It is perhaps
most fortunate for the miners that
the administration of the resources
of Alberta will shortly be In the
hands of the provincial authorities. The Premier of Alberta has
already given assurance that the
abominable conditions prevailing
in these closed towns will not be
allowed to continue.
Our Special
No. 1 Brown and Block Calf.
Large Variety of Styles.
Regular   $6.50   for   $4.75
Riinson & Warren
(Directly Opposite Standard Furniture Ooy.)
Hand Made Loggers' and
Seamen's Boots
NOETH VANCOUVER     Phono 1181
We Have Some Oood Buya in
Cash   Payments   Aa   Low  Aa  *fe.O
Pbone Soy. 7405       13S5 Oranvillo St.
Vancouver Turkish Baths
WlU   Cure  Tour  Rheumatism,   Lumbago, Neuritis or Bad Oold
741 Bastings St. W. Phono Ssy. 2070
•THE voice currents used
*■ in long-distance telephoning travel from 8,000
to 178,000 miles per second.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
401-40* Metropolitan Bulldlnf
837 Hastings St. W-, Vancouver, B.O.
Telephones: Seymour MBS and 6867
No  Drugs  Used ln  Examination
THIS advertisement means high-
grade glasses, with a thorough and advancod eyo examination by a graduate specialist. Tou
will find that wo give tho most
value for the least money, and
we stand back of all work
turned out,
If your eyes ache, see ub.
Entrance 080 Robson St.
Phone Sey. 8955
Sickness, The Result of Defective Teeth
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
Pbone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
"PROCTORS are now recognizing (he relationship between ilis-
*•*   eased teeth and bad health.
Every week or two some physician sends me a patient to have his
teeth attended to, and in tho majority ot cases lhe doctor's suspicions
are confirmed, and the health improves when the Dental needs huvo
beon  supplied.
This Is natural; good blood doponds on good digestion, and this in
turn depends on mastication.
Dr. Curry combines Long Exporienco with most Up-to-Date Methods.
Friday, February 19, #9^
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarer*
of Canada.)
■T-HE death of Mr. James A. Mc
Gowan,- Superintendent Engineer, of the C.P.R. Coastwlsp
Steamship Service ls keenly felt
by all members of the Federated
Seafarers' Union, as the late Mr.
McGowan was very fair in any
business that the seamen were in
volved, ln as far as wages, conditions, etc., were concerned. His
word was as gopd as any written
agreement. When the crew were
being picked for the S.S. Mont-
eagle in the latter part of 1923,
there was quite a lot of discussion
regarding the question of trans
portation and subsistence back
from Montreal, and the crew refused to sign unless that concession was granted, Mr. McGowan
was very busy with the "Empress
of Australia" at the time, and
when he was approached on the
matter he said, "Alright, let's
have no more kicks from the
"Monteagle" until she gets to Mon.
treal." But the men on board demanded a written statement regarding the question, and therefore had to approach Mr. Mc-
Gown again. His reply this time
was that there must be quite a
few men on the "Monteagle" who
did not know that any time he
had promised anything it was given. Many comments have been
passed on the death of the late
superintendent, who was held in
high esteem by all seamen.
al Sailors' and Firemens' Union
of Canada regarding the amalgamation of that body with the
Federated Seafarers Union of Canada, which was voted on da* ing
the last two weeks, has been given
a three fourths majority, according to the last meeting of the
N.S.F.U. By the first of tho foi.
lowing month it is expected that'
the N.S.F.U. of Canada will come
under the banner of the F.S.U. of
Canada, and help to further Lthe
cause of the seamen of Canada.
The matter will be fully discussed
at the next business meeting of the
union, to be held on Fi;iflay. Feb.
19th, at the headquarters of The
Federated Seafarers Union, 163
Hastings Street, West.
The S.S. Canadian Farmer is in
port after the overhaul at Prince
Rupert, and of course there have
been quite a few alterations re
garding double winches, etc.,
which will be taken up with the
C.G.M.M. for adjustment, as well
as wages, etc. The men are to
sign on Wednesday, Feb. 17th.
The "Farmer" is the only one of
the Coasting vessels of the C.G.
M.M. to be converted to an oil
burner, owing to the pressure of
Mr. Sloan, M.L.A. and Mr. McNeil,
M.P., who took the matter up, not
so much for the benefit of those
that toll as for those who own the
Hospital  Notes '
Several of the Belgian seamen
off the S.S. Gertrude, are in St.
Pauls Hospital, some of the men
are suing for the balance of wages
that are owing to them The ship's
agreement of twelve months articles are up on the 20th pf Feb.
so that there should be no further
hitch in the men getting their
wages. According to those who are
in hospital they were practically
starved aboard the vessel while in
American waters The men were
under the impression that because
they were practically starved
aboard the "Gertrude" the ship's
articles  were   broken.
Bro. Joe Etchells was admitted
to St. Pauls Hospital last Wednesday, and was operate^} on Immediately,
Police Lend Aid to
Taxi Gab Employers
_   ■'-■ ■' ^T ■   ' *'N
taxi drivers are now required by
police regulation to present on demand of the license department a
full record of all trips made for.60
days past, giving name and address of driver, time of beginning
and terminating each trip, and location for first and last stop of
each trip. Employers by scanning
these records can tell at once if
the driver ls busy every second
and fires him if he isn't.
Taxi drivers are further incensed
by the appearance of what they
term a stool-pigeon, organization
headed by an ex-city official. This
is the Taxi Patron's Protective Co.
which offers to prosecute all taxi
riders' cases aaglnst drivers. The
patron is registered, sends in a
card for every ride with drivers'
number and cab license number
and if he has any complaint or
loses anything in the cab, the organization carries the case for'him.
Taxi drivers complain that this
gives further -support to* the false
hood that they are dishonest and
that the -organization can easily
frame them w^en they, try to organize -.-workers.
Motes Prom ihe Camps
The R. Sherman - Co., which, was
formerly the Rivers Log Co., on
Malcolm Island, has Inherited all
the tendencies and traditions of
Its* creator-and originator, in that
it is always at 'least a couple of
months behind in * the payment of
To put an end to this state of
affairs we, the employees of this
company, gathered together and
-unanimously < decided to. demand
that from now on all wages be
paid semi-monthly, and lf this
proposal was not accepted to quit
work. The resolution was written
out, and signed by the entire crew.
When the resolution was introduced to the boss—the originator
of'the outfit and its stone axe habits—that individual was careful to
avoid his almost proverbial phrase:
"It • will come on next boat." Instead he made the declaration that
whoever was suspicious of their
wages >had better get their time,
as it was no use to have them
around. So we were all locked
Exit—An Infanticide
; By Laurence -Todd
Ham M. Wood of the Ameri-
Bates H.; Beckett, H.; Bell, A.;
Coll, J.; Crocker, L. R.; Dobbin,
H.; Donovan, J.; Hamill, B.; Hannah, W. T.; Jones, T.; Love, W.;
Lawson, J.; Maekay, J.; Maddigan,
M.; McDonald, J.; Mcintosh, J.;
McLean, L.; Millar, H.; Odgen, A.
W.; Pugh, A. E.; Starr, J. C;
Stephens, J.; Worrall, W.; Wor.
rail, Joe.
The recent ballot of the Nation-
76 Hastings East
Lato  54th  Batt  and 72nd Batt.
Open Shop Employers
Fight Five Pay Week
HARTFORD. Conn.—Hartford
building trades employers are
massing support of their stand
against the five-day work week for
building trades workers. The paint
ers' union leads in demanding the
shorter work week. Hartford chap.
ter Associated General Contract
ors of America is sending letters
to local employers advising ,them
that it condemns the five-day
week as "economically fatal."
Hartford open shop building trades
exchange endorses the stand and
encourages openshop firms to
help push the. wedge into the
ranks of organized building workers by fighting the shorter week.
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
can Woolen Co. is dead by his
own hand. Washington is reminded by his death of the most signif
leant fact of 'his •life—^the revolt
of tens of thousands of his mill
slaves in Lawrence, Mass., in 1,912.
That strike -was -led -by .the hated
I.W,W.. which appealed to ,the
Italians, Portuguese and half a
score of _other "focejgner" .groups
to shafre off ,the ,fej$al .dqmina-
tion of the,boss. *
.Washington woke up tp the significance ,of that .strike ,when .it
read ,.th*at the police. *at Wood's
orders, .had rushed the railway
station ,and( .beaten and driven
away a crowd of .mothers and
children. The strikers' wives were
sending * their ohildren away to
committees of sympathizers in the
country .towns ;and .in New York,
to be adequately fed .during the
struggle. The boss had decided
that the children miust not go out
and advertise, by their emaciated
(condition, tlie situation in his
Gilson Gardner, a writer, Induced Sen. Poindexter, then a pro.
gressive, to go with him to Lawrence to investigate. Poindexter
found that the police were riding
down the strikers and their families on the streets, were invading
the strikers' homes and meetings,
and were terrorizing the community.
Then dynamite was discovered
hidden ln .an old building, and the
mill managers charged that the
strikers were plotting violence.
But Inquiry led to confession by
an undertaker, that he had been
induced by the mill managers to
put lt there. Green was convicted
and paid $10,000 ffne, but Wood
who was indicted as having been
a ringleader in the plot, was let
off. He and his mills dominated
the courts and all other political
and business forces.
By Art  Shields.
1-JEW YORK—(FP)—William M.
*"' Wood, late king of wool, till
he retired a year ago, is dead, by
his own revolver, a suicide in
Florida, at the age of 68. He dies
13 years after the sensational
murder trial of Joseph Ettor, Ar-
turo Glovannittl and Caruso, Lawrence strike leaders, whom his
American Woolen Co. tried to send
to the ipenitentiary for life.
Wood was a captain of industry Who rose from poverty. The
son .of a Portugese immigrant he
began work at 11 and .toiled in
the mills for years from 6 to 6.
But these hard early experiences
failed to soften his heart to the
He looked on his employes as
so much raw wool. We have,this
on the authority of the Daily News
Record, textile manufacturers'
newspaper, which devotes several
pages of admiring obituary articles to his record. In his later
years, the paper declares, he
changed his attitude and went Into welfare work for ,his employes
and decided to "treat with them
more as a part of the organization than as so much raw wool."
The welfare work consisted of
company housing, company nursing, insurance and other tactics
common to the latter day open
shop lords'. He built a homes for
workers Village at Shawsheen,
Lawrence—and since his retirement his welfare plans have been
scrapped by his successors.
Wages ln American Wollen
Mills averaged about $20 a week,
or less than half the sum the department of labor has estimated
as necessary to support a family
'of five. But under the textile labor
plan one wage is not expected to
do for all. Father, mother and the
older children have their places
in the mill.
Afterwards he made the de|
atlon: "The Malcolm Islaii
are nothing but a bunch of tro
seekers." Indeed they are!
are after their wages!
In this instance we happene
knock against the most sens!
sore spot, the sluggishness of J
ting the stiffs have their pay.f
why Mr. Rivers do you blaml
for  asking  for  wages  due  al
two   months?    Why  not  sh<{
your adjectives upon the far,
radical lawmakers of B.  C.
are to blame for passing sul
nauseating piece of-legislation]
semi-monthly pay aet?
Any fellow worker in the
who may be coaxed to leave]
work in this camp had bettea"
.Tnand  semi-monthly   payment)
wages,  because  it is safe  to
that the money in hiB posses
will be a darned sight safer ■(
in the hands of this company;
by so doing he will be supporj
our demand, and making it
certain that wages -will  be
Even at this time a num*bei|
workers  have   handed  their
checks over to a lawyer for cofl
tion, and we are in hopes to
the money in reality instead'
promise  that  "lt  will  be  up|
next 'boat."
Red Star Drug Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
We Make • Special Effort to Get Gooda Ont by First Mall
After Receipt of Tour Order
Corner Oordova and Oarrall
Vancouver, B.0.
CHICAGO.— (FP) Early spring
vegetables from the Rio Grande are
being marketed in zero weather in
Chicago by the Farmer-Labor exchange, a clearing house for all
kinds of farm produce and Union'
coal. It Is run by organized farmers, "industrial workers and co-
operators at'179 W; Washington
CLEVELAND—(FP))—An Independent union, the Brotherhood
of Motor Coach Drivers, has been
launched in Cleveland.
TACOMA, Wash.—(FP)—One
rainy day the door bell at the
home of the Federated Press Taeoma correspondent rang by actual
count -15 extra times. Each time
a-destitute worker pleaded for a
chance .to ma,ke "a few cents-to
eat on.". A load of wood belonging to another family had been
dumped on the straet iii front.
Local dailies are wild about
prosperity and repeatedly print editorials . of busines activity; But
hunger  and  unemployment  rules.
Don't forget!    Mention the .
vooate when buying.
Aak Any Labor Han.
Houiekeeplng and   Tranilont,
Central—Tumi Moderate
Under New  Management
"Bill" Hungerford and M. Oa
     bridge, Props.
Big reductions, spies
values.   Regular   priej
$22.50 to $42.50, now]
$15 to $37.1
Oor. Homer and Haatinge _
Don't forget!   Mention the Advocate when buying.
The Original "
Logging Booj
■Illicit letrlee for Bepalra}
AU Work OtMHtMd
feeelal Attention to Hall Ord
H. Harv<
EitoMlaktd la VMoravor ta ll]
M OORDOVA STREET ffday.v February 19, 1926'
Page Seven
iurch Report Reveals
tow Moslems Were Led
_»NDON—One of the many
|y * devices ,adopted during the
war is disclosed by a report*
le work of'the Church of Eng-
|in Moslem countries, just is-
hen, in 1914, Turkey entered
Ithe war, lt was with the ob-
|of making Islam once more a
power. The green flag of
tioly wars was unfurled,
bslem soldiers were told they
lighting for their faith, and
lulate their zeal a report was'
tated that Germany and Aus-
Jed*by the'Kaiser, would be-
| Mohammedan, and*' that
ti- an* Fraiice were fight.
[to compftl'* them to renounce
Itf favour of ChriStlaHlSy.
[report on the problems pres-
tiy    the'   Moslem-   world*
les the grave dangers attach-
Ito the Franco-Rift Ian ' conflict
forocco, which Is at a tempor-
ptandstlll because of the seas-
bst Moslem countries, it says,
helping  Abdel  Krim   in   his
for independence in Morocco,
every." phase of th'e  war is
lily followed; from* day to day
over* the Moslem. world,
ke war Is discussed in Calcutta,
lo, Constantinople, Mecca, and
|ascus,  all  of which  have- a
In its success or failure.
British Miners Aid
Anthracite Strikers
ke right arm of Labor Is a
Rg press. Add power to this
[by subscribing to THB CAN-
Balli,   Fastenings   and   Switches
for Terminal Bailway.
LED   TENDERS,   marked   "Rails,
fastenings and Switches," required
•Terminal. Railway,   and; addressed
{Terminal   Railway,   and  addressed
undersigned,  will be received at
■office   of   the   Vancourer   Harbor
[lissionors,  625 Seymour Street, un-
.o'clock noon of Monday, February
deifications,   Form   of   Tender   and
of Contract may be obtained  at
pfice of the Chief Engineer at the
* address.
iders  will  be  received  for  all  or
fart of the material.
tenders shall be accompanied by.
Jcepted cheque equal to ten per
(10%) of the amount of the
The accepted cheque of the sue.
It tenderer will be released on the
Ttutlon of a bond satisfactory to
Commissioners for twenty-five per
1(25%) of the amount of the eon-
rest, or any, tender, not necessarily
Itt llth, 1926.
UNDERSIGNED will receive
kiders up to 12 o'clock Satur-
Ihe 20th day of February, 1926,
fe supply of drugs for the different
lepartmonts for one year. Forms
■der can be obtained at my office'
Id cheque payable to the city of
|uver in the sum of $100 to ac-
ny   tender.
Purchasing. Agent
j of Vancouver, February 8, 192«-
T ONDON—When the miners of
Great Britain and the workers
in other Industries go on a general strike. May 1 to enforce' their
demands, they will' find lined up
agaliist them the' entire forces of
the British empire.
The" British capitalist government ls now preparing ..for
the general strike and has mapped
out a brand plan by whioh they
hope to smash the general strike
of the British* workers:
Divide Island Into Districts
The entire island of England has
been portioned into districts. Each
district ls in charge of a local
commissioner. These local com.
' missioners are instructed' to do all
in their power to break the strike
and not to hesitate to use the military forces' against the strlKiiig
workers to heat them back to
work. The local 'commlsslbriers
are also charged with building up1
an army of blacklegs to scab on
the workers who go on strike.
All of these local commissioners' are to be responsible to' the
chief commissioner, who is now
the postmaster goreral. Sir William Mltchel Thompson to whom
this damnable job is entrusted is
now aiding the "order for the
maintenance of supplies," a scabby fascist group formed in England to smash working class or
ganizations, to collect names of
willing scabs. ' TheSe scabs are to
be trained to do some of tbe
skilled work and the scab agent
boastfully claims that his army of
blacklegs will be on the job within
48 hours after the general strike
is called and displace the strikers.
Commissioner Mobilizes Scabs
No only is the commissioner
seeking scabs but he is also setting
aside tear bombs, rifles and* munitions to be used against workers
demanding  better conditions.
The coal" commission is now in
session and the nation is wondering what'the report will be. Many
point out that the commission
hem.- t-Vor thfif districting of the
island' into territories, closing pits
where it is "not profitable" to op-
erate*- them,** establishing a pied*,
work'-fate' in -ttt* mines that Ate to
be worked and to readjust- the
subsidies to mines operating on
the reorganized basis.' The' miners' pblnf but thBJt this1 HIS* il* unacceptable to them as many ■mlh-
e_f wiStfifl'bef tKrownoiit'onto the
streets a_& that' there would be a
surplus of miners and the companies- would then pay as-low as
they pleased.
The Organized workers of England are not asleep. They are also
preparing for the clash in the
British Capitalists
Did Well Last Year
Irish Republicans
Refuse to Desert
LONDON—Despite the fact that,
the year" 1925 was one in which
the workers had to endure untold:
sufferings, the profits Of Big Business have grown even bigger.
The 1,490 companies, whose accounts have been analysed by the
Economist,, show that whereas;
their profits during 1924 amounted to £142,611,409, they underwent an increase of £12,381,811
during 1925, In which year they
totalled £154,993,223. The increase therefore, was equivalent to
a percentage of 8.7,
During the past four years the
average rates paid on ordinary
capital have risen steadily, although during that period the
wages of the workers have almost:
universally fallen. The actual per.,
centages have been as follows :_—
Per cent.
1922    8.4
1928    9.3
1924    9.8
1925   10.8
Another indication   that  whilst
the  poor  are  getting  poorer, the*
rich.are getting richer every year.
LONDON—-Thfr Home Office are
engaged, in "investigating" the
question of. releasing the. 200 Irish
prisoners interned in Peterhead
Prison, Scotland.
They have been kept in captivity without trial--sincfr 1922 and*
1924, under the Civil Powers* Act
of* Northern Ireland, and are
mostly Republicans concerned in
the -disturbances following the
Originally these prisoners were
interned on the prison ship "Argentina" in Belfast Lough, and
subsequently at Lame. When the
ship was closed down at the beginning of 1924 they were trans,
ferred to Scotland. The Attorney-
General of Northern Ireland offered to review their cases, and
some of them accepted and were
Those now remaining are the
men who have continually refused
to recognize the authority of the
Northern Ireland government, or
to give an undertaking that they
will refrain from participating in
further  Republican activity.
LONDON—How .<* the British
miners endeavored to prevent the
shipment of coal from Britain to
the United States during the anthracite miners' strike is revealed
by the following letter sent out by
the British miner's Union:
London, England, Jan. 18, 1926.
To the Trades Councils Secretary.
Dear Comrade:—Herewith we
enclose a series of* extracts that
deal with the strike of 150,000
American anthracite miners, and
the export of Welsh coal to assist
in breaking that strike. This
means that the British trade unionists are being used to defeat
their American comrades who
have- been fighting the mine owners for over five months.
We-suggest that the executive
6f yorir trades- council take steps
to' secure' the support of ALL of
the transport unions, their members, locally, and refuse to be used
ln an attack on American trade
Every toft ofWeJsh coal shipped
to .the United States atr this time
is a blow directed at the stomachs
of the* wives and children of the
Pennsylvania miners.
Please let the facts be known in
every trade union braoh and lodge
in your area, united joint action
should be taken in every Welsh
town affected.
Put International trade union
unity Into operation.
Kind regards, on behalf of the
trades council department.
Tours fraternally
Prank Smith.
ThS British Minority Movement
was particularly active in demanding that no coal be shipped to
America while the strike was' in
Scottish Delegates
Return from India
LONDON—The Jute workers'
delegation, consisting of Tom
Johnston; M.P., and J. F. Sime,
secretary of Jute and Flax Workers' Union, which left Dundee ln
October, 1925, to Inquire into the
conditions of the Indian workers,
has now returned to Dundee.
The delegation's oral report to
the Jute and Flax Workers, Calender Workers, and Power-loom
Tenters, the three trade unions
responsible, has amply confirmed
the views on British imperialist
rule In the colonies expressed by
the British T.U.C. at Scarborough.
Everywhere the natives demonstrated in thousands to welcome
the delegation. Carloads of flowers and paper banners, with messages cut out, "praying that their
terrible conditions be portrayed to
their foreign brethren," were giv.
en to Sime and Johnston.
These poor peasants are forced
to work in the mills under terrible
conditions. Fifty per cent, of their
children die before they are 12'
months old, due to the lack of
proper food and neglect caused by
the mothers' absence ln the mills.
A written report of the suffer,
ings of these Indian workers under
British imperialism will be issued
Dundee workers realize the need
for International Trado Union unity, and are pressing for tho British and- Scottish. Trades Union
Congress to co-operate in sending
out organizers to build up a strong
trade union movement in India.
Subscribe to the Advocate.
Tenders for Fire Equipment
12 o'clock Tuesday, February 23,
for the purchase of three horse-drawn
Waterouse fire engines and other equipment, which can be examined by applying at- my office. Tender for tho
whole or any part thereof can be submitted.    Terms cash.
Purchasing  Agent
Oity of Vanconver, February 8, 1926
British Imports Rise
And Exports Decline
LONDON—Figures issued by
the Board of Trade recently
show that during the month of
December imports exceeded er-
ports   by  more   than   £50,000,000.
The actual figures are:
Imports Exports
£134,268,727       £80,413,12S
The exports for December are
£3,500,000 less than the exports
for December 1924.
The comparison between 1924
and 1925 is as follows:
Imports Exports
1924 £1,277,439,144    £940,936,980
1925 £1,322,858,167    £927,497,377
Coal shows the greatest falling
off in exports, owing largely to
decreased pur.cha.ses by Germany
and France. Altogether nearly
£22,000,000 worth less of coal was
There were also heavy decreases
in the export of woollen yarns and
Iron and steel.
.taurt of Revision.
NOTICE   that   the   Assessment
|1 of all rateable property In the
pf   Vancouver,   which,, will i form
■is of municipal taxation for tho
1926,   has  been   returned  to   me
Isuance  of the provisions  of  the
Iraver  Incorporation  Aet,   1921,"
|at  the  same   may   be   inspected
offices   of  the  Assessment  Cornier,   Oity   Hall,   Vancouver,   be-
■the hours of 9 o'olock a.m. and
|n  each  day,   and  that  the  first
Of the Court of Revision to re-
dualize and correct the same, will
on Friday, February 26th, 1926,
[o'olock  lh  the, forenoon,  in  the
Chamber,   at  the "City    Ball,
[Street,  Vancouver,
fthe  said  meeting  all  complaints,
the assessment as made by the
lor,   which   shall   havo   been   re-
1 by me at least seven clear days
■to the  date of the said meeting,
le  heard.
Oity Clerk.
Ml, Vancouver, B.O.,
15th,   1920.
Employers Conspire
to Cut Down Output
LONDON—Whilst the Capitalist
Press never tires of teling us about
the wickedness of the workers*
who are- supposed, to, restrict output* it dpes, not trouble to condemn employers when they decide
to adopt a c_a' Canny policy.
The. hop*.growers are the latest-
hand .otf capitalists to follow the*
example of the cotton growers and.
rubber producers in cutting down
production in order to create an
.artificial shortage and thus obtain big profits.
The English Hop Growers, Ltd.,
have addressed a letter to every
hop grower, both inside, and outside.: the combine, asking them to
take steps to restrict their output
in 1920 and a meeting is- shortly
ta be held to consider the subject.
France Plans to Build
Nonprofit Power Co.
BLOOMINGTON,* - 111.—(F P)—
Toamsters and chauffeurs of
Bloomington are organizing and
expect soon to apply for a charter.
NBW YORK—(FP)—A giant
power project which alms to harness the river Rhone, France, ls
to be developed by a non-profit
co-operative society composed of
consumers of electricity, the state,
provinces and cities, the* chambers
of commerce and the Industries,
reports the Co-operative League.
Dividends are to be limited and
control is entirely in; the. hands of
power users, who are the shareholders; The scheme will take' 15
Similar organizations are' working potasft mines in Alsace and
synthetic- ammonia manufacturing
in Toulouse, says the league. Financing and control are in consumer hands; no profits allowed; ami
interest on capital held to the current mi-fiiftium rait*. Local governments, provinces, agricultural syn-.
dicates each appoint representatives to the governing bodies..
Patronize our advertisers.,
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sound with absolute fidelity.
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Tito Red-headed Music Maker, now an exclusive
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299*1, "That Certain Party" Fox Trots by Isham
"Paddlin' MadeUn* Home" Jo,pes Orchestra
2992 "Sleepy Time Gal" New Hits played by Ben Bernie's
"A Little Bit Bad" Hotel Roosevelt Orchestra
8031 "Miami" A-- Jolson with Curl Fenton's
"You Forgot to Remember" Orchestra
and many others now on sale—75c—play on any phonograph
The Kent Piano Company, 339 Hastings St. W.
Ross-Wightman Company, 846 Granville Street
Mc-Gill-Sparling Limited; 718 Robson Street •S38C<
Page Eight
Friday, February 19, 192(
Company Umo^in America T^^^
(By Robert W. Dunn)
Federated Press
Editor's Note:—This is the
first of a series o£ articles bn
company unions in America, written by R. W. Dunn for the Federated Press. Another article will
appear next week.
pOMPANY unions or employer-
^ controlled shop committees,
works councils and employe representation plans are among the
most significant developments in
union devices started shortly before the war, gained a long stride
in the period of labor shortage
and so called reconstruction, sub
sided somewhat in 1921 and have
flunctuated between SOO andlOOO
since. Tho number of workers involved  totals well  over a million.
The American Federation of
Labor, company-union-question-
aire to its 2000 volunteer organ,
izers brings replies indicating the
toll company unions take amiong
regular trade unions. The few
pages of organizers' reports in the
January American Federationist
show almost every state and industry included in the company union
circle. Added lo the general manufacturing and public utility com-
'panies, note particularly railroads
reported afflicted: Southern Pacific, Denver & Rio Grand Western,
Chicago Burlington & Quincy.
Union Pacific, Rock Island, Achi-
son Topeka & Santa Fe", Pennsyl
vania, Great Northern, Erie, New
York Central, Lehigh Valley, Delaware Lachawanna & Western,
Kansas City Southern.
These are but samples, for a
Railroad. Labor Board survey
shows some 300 separate company
vest-pocket associations now functioning on some 65 railroads.
None is affiliated with either the
A.F. of L. or Big Four brother,
hoods. Some are insignificant local bodies but others ramify whole
railway systems, throwing across
the country a network of committees, councils and lodges, sometimes modelled closely after regular rail unions.
Others are mere committees
functioning from company headquarters and using the check off
arrangement for collecting dues.
A letter to the operating department or personnel division of the
railroad brings a reply enclosing
copies of rule books and by-laws
of associations, with assurance
that the "arrangement is proving
very satisfactory to both contracting parties." There is no attempt
to disguise that both parties are
run from the managements' front,
Practically     every     class     and
Scab Telegraphers Get
Bonus of Fifty Dollars
SAVANNAH, Ga.—(FP> — The
Atlantic Coast line, whose communication employees are on
strike, is paying a $50 bonus to
stab telegraphers and signalmen
to remain in the company union it
has formed. More than seven
hundred telegraphers struck.
Green men in a number of cases
have caused serious wrecks and
the loss of several lives, the most
recent case being a head on collision between two passenger
trains travelling at more than 60
miles an hour in which two firemen and two engineers were killed
and more than 35 passengers and
crew  were  injured.
The serious delay In train service caused by the strike has driven much of the road's passenger
and freight business to its main
competitor the Seaboard Air Line,
which runs full trains, the Coast
Lfne taking the leavings.
craft of railroad worker falls within the domain of company unionism, although by far the greatest
strength has been reached among
shop crafts, clerical forces and
maintenance of way men. Among
the last mentioned we find company unions represented in 1924
on some 25 roads. The regular
maintenance of way union claims
to have won a complete victory
on 13 of these since, ousting company committees from representing workers before the Railroad
Labor Board.
The typical situation on most
railroads seems to be recognition
of the four train service brotherhoods while refusing to deal with
other unions wherever able to
break their strength and substitute any kind of company union
scheme. The extent of company
unionism stands in inverse ratio
to the power of the regular union.
Labor Pardon Request
TEXARKANA. Tex.—(FP)—"Labor and farmer resolutions don't
amount to anything- anyhow,"
practically expresses the attitude
of Jim Ferguson, the real governor of Texas, toward the numerous
requests made to Gov. Miriam A.
Ferguson to pardon Chas, Cllne,
Jose Rangel and four other workingmen and farmers who have
been rotting in Texas prisons for
13 years. So the entire group of
Mexican freedom fighters are still
in the penitentiary though Pres.
Calles has offered to receive all of
them including Cline into Mexico
if released.
The act of the Fergussons ln refusing to pardon ls held to be a
direct affront to the American,
Mexican and Pan-American labor
movements, all of which have re-,
quested by resolution the release
of the men.
EVANSTON,, 111.—(FP)—Two
more millionaires will aid judge
Elbert Gary hereafter ln controlling the education policy of Northwestern    university.      They    are
John J. Mitchell; head of the
linois Merchants. Trust Co., whj
has its heavy.hand, on almost
ery enterprise in tlie Chicago
trict, and Samuel Insull who is
public utility and traction bosj
the same area.
HARTFORD, Conn. — (F P) —
Hartford building trades employers are massing support of their
stand against the 5-day work week
for building trades workers.
The Truth About Russia
(By Dr. W. J_ Curry)
T AST   Tuesday   evening   afli   in- luxury aflid idleness for an owning
^   creased  number of  men ,and class,  become part of the  public
women met at 666 Homer Street, revenue which is expended in the
where they sang Labor songs, and interests   of   all   who   do   useful
then read and discussed the facts work.
regarding   Soviet   Russia,   as   re- Authentic reports for 1925 show
ported by the British Trade Un- that Russia having repudiated the
ion Delegation of 1924. great   national   debt   incurred   by
From the fact that this report the   Czarist   regime(   and   owning
has   been   translated   into   many and operating the national resour-
European languages and that del- °es ls today economically and so-
egates from France,'Germany, and claUy  in   advance   of  ajpy  other
other   states   have   also   reported state In existence.
favorably as to Russia's progress, The industrial  progress  is also
we can see why this "Menace of remarkable   in   spit$. of  the   in-
Bolshevism," this beacon of light vasions, blockades, falsehoods, and
a-nd example to the enslaved work- vilifications of their class enemies.
ers of the world must be stamped i„   1925   the   grain   crop   was
out soon, or never by the rulers over 35 per cent   above that of
and exploiters of Labor. the preceding year, and amounted
Perhaps the most conclusive ev- to 2,800 million bushels. Imports
idence   dealt   with   last   Tuesday from   the  U.   S.   A„   the   goverh-
was the progress towards balan- ment of which does not recognize
cing the Budget, for though the the Worker's Republic, came first
expenditures for public service ln on the list with a value of 102
the Worker's Republic  has heen million dollars,
increasing year by year since the The great oil wells are owned
New Economic Policy bega,n, yet ana operated by the Soviet state,
at the same time the public rev- j^gt year 1,338,000 tons was pro-
enue Increased so much more rap- auced    which   broke   all   records
idly that this year it ls believed a„a  -^a yearly  double  that   of
that the Budget will balance. 1923.
In 1920 the deficits of revenue Currency in circulation in-
over expenditures was 86,9 per creased from 320 to 640 million
cent.; in 1921-22, 83.9 per cent.; during the last year; and rail-
in 1922-23, 40 per cent.; in 1923- roads, unlike those of Canada
24f 25 per cent.; while In 1924-25, which are run at a tremendous
the revenue was but ten per cent, loss for the benefit of corpora-
less than the whole expenditure tions, are pow self-supporting in
for social service Soviet Russia, and over 3,000 miles
These figures indicate  a rapid of railroads are now operating in
and  steady  recovery,   and   prove excess of what was in use ln 1913.
that we are correct when we as- The  Process  of  electrification of
sert that the workers are capable railroads, factories, and even farm
of living and progressing without machinery Is well under way.
being ruled a,nd robbed by a par- Next Tuesday "The Red Army"
asitic class.                             , X"-*\ be the subject.
This   financial  recovery   results 	
from Increased production of com- BOSTON—(F    P)— Representa-
modities,  since  Labor  creates all tives of all trades In the Boston
wealth.    In  Russia all heavy in- Central Labor Council have elect-
dustries are state monopolies, op- ed a special committee to promote
erated and owned by the workers, the American Federation of Lab-
and the profits Instead of creating bor organization drive.
1000 Pairs of Men's Tweed Pants at Prices
Ranging from $1.95
Men's Suits, new for Spring, from $17.00
Stanfield's  Underwear   Combinations Suit,   $2.80
Work   Shirts $1.25
Men's Shoepack,  Panco  Soles _ $4.45
Men's Hats  „.  $4.00 Qualities $1.95
English Grey Sox  3 for $1.00
Soft Collars  25c. each
Carpenter's  Overalls     $2.75
18-20 Cordova Street West, Vancouver, B. 0.
Children's Slippers, clearing at $1.45 and $1.9lJ
Ladies' Sample Shoes, regular to $7, for.   $2.9f
Boys' School Shoes $2.45 and $2.$1
Men's Work Boots (the famons "Skookum")....$3.05 and $4.99
Men's Dress Boots, up to $10 values, for $4.9r
(The Best for Lees)
163 HASTINGS ST. E.       (Almost Opposite the Library]
Helps Those Who Help Themselves
DIGGLY WIGGLY prices are consistently low.   Every article
purchased from Piggly Wiggly is absolutely guaranteed td
give entire satisfaction or your money will be refunded wlthx
out question.
2151 41st AVENUE W,
Beauty   Comfort   Utility
Seymour and
Vancouver Motors
Seymour 7700
Seymour 7700
■ iwwmn^ ■mi iinwii nm■■!»!— in Mi


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