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The Canadian Labor Advocate Jan 15, 1926

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Array X—W_*M
THE CANADIAN
ABOR ADVOCATE
With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. FEDERAT ;NIST
ftteenth Year.   No. 2.
|T   VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY, JANUARY 15v
/y-
Eight Pages.
5c A COPY
RELIEF WILL
|?E GRANTED TO   *.
CANADA'S JOBLESS
TREAIi.—Various   cities   in
|Canada   are   publishing   no-
warning the unemployed to
away   as    there    will    be
civic  relief this winter.    The
Itreial     Federated     Charities,
ph is making a drive for money,
declares It will grant no re-
[ for unemployment.
(is policy will help the move-
It for lower wages, In so far as
jmds to compel the unemployed
pake work at any wages.    The
authorities,   however,   have
[ther object.   They contend that
If of unemployment should be
pderal job.
ie   Dominion   government
lids  millions   to   entice   iimmi-
jits into the country, under the
fence there is work for every-
on farms.    But the farmers
[d little labor in winter, and the
migrants    drift    to    the    cities,
re also there Is comparatively
lc work in winter.    The oities
|e   therefore   been   confronted
the need of providing unerased relief to keep unfortunates
dying in the streets,
i'ow they are washing their
Ids of the problem, and as the
liinion authorities declare there
jf opportunities for all immi*
Hts, the unemployed have a hard
look for the winter.
Peaceful Pene^^tion
Economic Conquest of Canada by U. S. Bankers
RUSSIAN UNIONS'
GROWTH IS RAPID
IN EIGHT YEARS
BY LELAND OLDS, FEDERATED PRESS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT that the .economic
United States of America has annexed Canada,
forming a single financial empire lor exploitation
of all workers of the western hemisphere, marked
the address of Frederick Hudd, Canadian trade
commissioner in the United States and special
delegate to the Pan-American commercial congress in New York.' His statement to the congress aroused jealous comment In England which
still thinks Canada part of the British EpmSre.
"Canada," said Hudd, "is an integral part of
economic America. Canada is the eldest daughter In a great commonwealth of nations but her
immediate destiny lies on the North American
continent. The commercial, economic and stragetlc problems common to us all furnish indestructible grounds for enduring and permanent
co-operation. In behalf of the Canadian delegation here I pledge our allegiance to Pan-Americanism in its spirit."
Hudd voiced Canada's conviction that "there
tal no problem too difficult for the countries of
Latin America and North America to solve pro
vided, they stand together as a United States of
the American continent."
Behind the scenes lies the invasion of Canada by over 2,000,000,000 American dollars. These
billions, poured In betceen 1915 and 1925, gave
U.i SJ finance a claim on Canada exceeding by
half a billion dollars the claim of England.
"This American invasion of Canada," said a
Neiw York Times editorial of June 6, 1923, "has
excited a certain alarm on the part of some Brit- *
ish Interests. They are disquieted by the way in
Which English investments in Canada are being
outstrippd by American. The statement was recently made to the Canadian chamber of commerce in London that If American capital continue ItGl present rate of flow into' Canada it will
before long control 75 per cent, of the natural resources and industries of the dominlion.. , With
this form of financial conquest, It is feared that
there will go forward an unwelcome Americanization of Canada."
"Economically and socially," said the U. S.
department of commerce a year ago, "Canada
may be considered as a northern extension of
the United States."
Chinese Guilds Being
Displaced by Unions
Property Comes First
In Land of the Free
NEW YORK.—(FP)—"Gradually, the Chinese laborers have come
to  realize the superiority   of the
(By Stanley Boone)
DETROIT.—(FP)—Shot    by    a
Michigan    Central    railroad    dick
modern labor union over the ante-  while gathering discarded wood in
irm Credits Billed
'For Next Parliament
1 Jolm Robur, Federated Press)
ITTAWA, Can.—The struggle of
[farmers to get money at lower
of interest is likely to play a
ninent  part  in  the  sesion   of
filament    which    opens    next
nth.    The   banks  lend   money
Bily  ln  eastern  Canada at six
jseven   Per cent., but the rates
|the  west   run   from   seven   to
per   cent.    The  Progressives
fe ben pushing for help in the
of  rural  credits  for  years,
up to the   present the banks
fe been able to prevent action
I the  government.    This year,
tever,    the    old   line    Liberal
jy is in acute need of farmer
port In the House,  and conse1-
|ntly the chances are that some
asure  of  relief  in this  regard
be  forthcoming.    So  general
lhe recognition of the situation
It   the   old   line    Conservative
ty has also put down a resolu-
condemning  the  government
not granting rural credits last
quated guild system for collective
bargaining and organized opposition of economic exploitation,"
writes Ta Chen, professor at the
American Fund Indemnity College
in Peking, in the World Tomorrow
for January.
"In Canton alone," he continues,
"about 180 unions comprising 80,-
000 workers are organized into a
general federation of labor. Up to
recently, the federation of labor
unions of Shanghai had a membership of about 30 prosperous labor
organizations of the_^ city. In a
general way the unionization movement is being spread to important
commercial and Industrial centers
of China, and is particularly strong
the yards for fuel, Jacob Galek,
father of five children, is near
death in the Detroit receiving hospital with an abdominal wound.
Galek was not stealing the ties or
other material used in construction
but picking up odds and ends
strewn along the tracks,—sticks
and broken or discarded boxes. Detroit is in the grip of zero weather.
The Ford Motor Co., where Galek works, teachers fathers to be
self reliant and discharges them if
they are garnisheed for inability
to pay fuel or other bills. Carl
Arnold, the railroad detective,
called to Galek in a threatening
manner and Galek ran. H«i was
"near some cars," according to. the
■MOSCOW—From a total mem-
' bershlp of some 645,000 In
the early part of 1917 the unions
of the Soviot Union have now
reached the imposing figure of 8,-
•950,200 ln the eight-year period,
according to the official data published by the All-Russlan Central
Council of Trade Unions.
Such unions as the miners, Jteoc
tlle workers, .and metal workers,
for Instance, have Increased their
membership by 50 per cent, since
1922, whilo compared with 1917
their growth is phenomenal.
Besides their ordinary activity,
the Russian unions are carrying on
a great cultural work. Workers'
clubs, libraries, schools for the illiterate and semi illiterate, physical culture leagues—these are some
of the forms of the unions' cultural
activity. In September, 1925, there
were in the Soviet Republic 3,417
trade union clubs, 6,803 trade, union libraries, and 4,220 trade union schools for the illiterate. The
membership of the clubs is over
900,000.
It is interesting to note that
' women   constitute   nearly   50   per
—  "International cen!t, 0f the membership; and even
has not been re-  suoh culturally backward districts
aa Trans-Caucasia,  Turkmenistan,
(Continued on Page 6)
Nova Scotia Miner
Indicts Corporation
Progressives Hold
Balance of Power
MONTREAL,
trade  unionism
sponsible for the unrest in the
Novia Scotia coal fields. And the
miners have few grievances against
the lower company officials. It
is the polcies of the corporation
officials higher up who can't be
seen that has caused the troubles."
This was in effect the testimony
of Alex. Stewart of the miners' un- M O NT R E AL.—(FP)—J. A.
lon, before the Nova Scotiia coal Woodsworth. Labor M.P. of Win-
inquiry, nipeg  and   10   other   progressSves
British Emipire Steel Corpora- are in a position to dictate the ec-
tion officials blame the unrest up- onomlc and other policies of Canon the United Mine Workers of ada, according to the Canadian
America, which organization some Financial Post. Woodsworth. The
years ago superseded the Provln-  Post    complains,    has    spoken of
in   raHway   transportation,   steam officer.   The officer discharged his
navigation, postal service, telephone pistol   and   Galek,   naturally,   ran
and   telegraph and the textile industries."
Sabotage On Sugar
To Maintain Profits
(By Federated Press.)
faster. The officer told an assistant prosecuting attorney he
fired twice more to make him halt
and then fired directly at him.
The fifth shot hit Galek and he
fell.
Galek Is not very familiar with
English but hei managed to tell his
banks as "high-class pawnbrokers,"
who control credit and have power
to starve the people. He further
asserted that 4 banks now did 70
per cent, of the business that 30
in the countries years ago was divided among 30
Nationalization  banks, the Post recalls.
Then The Post declares that the
brutal refusal of the Canadian
Manufacturers' Association ln 1918
to listen to the western farmers,
and  the  unsympathetic,   even  in-
Get Jail Sentences solent attitude of some of the
  branch banks in the west drove the
CHICAGO  (FP)      Twenty-  farmers into politics and even stir-
three union'women and 24 union  ™d labor to political activity.
clal Workmen's Association.
Stewart, a war veteran, said he
had been in seven countries since
1914, and It required 100 per cent,
more to live In the Cape Breton
mine fields than
he had been in,
of the mines, he said, would promote efficiency and lessen unrest.
Clothing Strikers
story at the  hospital  to the  as-  men wm g0 to jail in Chicago and
SUVA,   Fiji   Islands.—The   sug*
ar trust is resorting to wholesale bedside.
sabotage in Fiji rather than glut said the detective might be pros-
the   market   with   molasses   and eouted.
allow prices to drop.   It ls throw-
slstant prosecutor who went to the  40 will pay fines ranging from $5   Camenters'   Union
bedside.    The assistant prosecutor to $450  if the decision of the ap- F _
Joins Woodworkers
Id Meet Trusts
With Co-operatives
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON. — Meet the  e*-
os—  of the rapidly-developing
ka with co-operatives  on  the
' hand, and with either a Judl-
Is system of government prlce-
71s or with government-owned
teems that will compete with
trusts, says the social action
fartment,   Natl. • Catholic  Wel-
conference.     In   a   bulletin
Lling  with  the failure  of  the
leral    government   te   regulate
|ses while permitting the trusts
have  free   rein  ln   controlling
supply of necessities of lite,
[indicates more faith ln cb-op-
ItlonthanJn any other remedy.
Ing hundreds of tons of molasses
Into the river, with the result
that tons of fish lie floating dead
on the stream and the natives,
both Fijians and Indians, are unable to use the water for household purposes or for their cattle.
The smell arising from the river
and creeks is awful, and the sugar
trust ls throwing lime into the
water to arrest the stench.
The river and creeks haye been
made brown with the molasses,
and the Indian womep recently
went to the magistrate In a body,
complaining of the suffering involved. They were told that if
they wanted water they could
eome to the eturthetue a, mile
away.
Pass this copy to your shopmate
and get him to subscribe.
pelate court ln Injunction contempt
changes in the miners' certificate 	
cases arising from the Internatlon- INDIANAPOLIS.—(FP)
al Ladles Garment Workers' strike Duffy,   general   secretary.
Highlights on This
Week's News
CANADIAN Page
U. S. Bankers Purchase Canada    1
No   Relief   for   Jobless    1
The  Week
of two years ago Is allowed to
stand. Some will do time and pay
fines also. Jail sentences ranging
from 10 to 50 days.
Writs to prevent execution of
the sentences Imposed by the notorious injunction judge, Denis Sullivan, and 2 other Judges are to be
sought by the union's attorney. It
is the familiar labor case of the
Frank
United
Brotherhood of Carpenters & Joiners, announces the affiliation of
hds union with the International
Union of Woodworkers effective
January 1, 1926. The woodworkers are a constituent section of the
International Federation of Trade
Unions, the Amsterdam organlza-
tlln with which the American Federation of Labour was at one tm*
courts helping -employers to. cripple affiliated.   The woodworkers 1924
in  Ottawa..    5 a strike for decent wages and im- membership was reported "at 711,-
AMERIOAN proved   conditions.    Picketing and   287.   The Carpenters' and Joiners'
Rights   first:..-    1 even speaking to relatives of the Union    bring    817,000    additional
Germany, Austria, Bel-
Property   Rights   First...-	
_X-^^t-_tT^:::ZZ:  I strikebreakers was forbidden by ln-  members.
BBITISH Junction.
Th.   Coal   Mining   Crisis    7 strlkel:s w6re discharged
Try  to Reince Railwaymen'a Pay....
Unions Adopt Educational Program....
Say you saw it advertised ln the
"Advocate",
FOREIGN
Russian   Unions   Growing	
Germany  Under  Dawes    2
Australian Unionlnti Proiecnte Gov't   8 sentences,
Over half of the arrested
for lack
7 of evidence though the Jurist acted
T as prosecutor, judge and jury. The
union lost the strike and also lost
1 the   appeal   from   thp   contempt
glum, Bulgai-ia, Denmark, Finland,
France, Great Britai*, Ruigary,
Italy, Luxemburg, Nerway, Netherlands, Poland, Swedeni Switzerland, Czecho-Slovakia and Jugoslavia are the other countries represented. j     ..---.i*":.:..
Page Two
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, January 15, 1926
LOCAL LABOR NEWS
Germany Under Dawes   CLASSIFIED AD!
Indian Lecturer in Local Engineers Stage
Royal, Sunday Next   Very Enjoyable Smoker
On Sunday next the speaker at
the Canadian Labor Party's Open
Forum Will be Sakharam Ganish
Panidlt, B.A., Indian Sanskrit
scholar, at present residing in the
State of California.
Mr. Pandit will address two
meetings. On Sunday afternoon at
3 o'clock he will speak on "The
True Meaning and Use of Property," and in the evening at 8
o'clock his subject will be "Crimes
and Criminals."
Both metings Willi be held in the
Royal Theatre, under the auspices
of the Canadian Labor Party.
Stage Dance in Aid of
Coal Strike Victims
On the night of Saturday, January 23rd, a dance wlill be staged
ln the Clinton Hall, corner of
Clinton and Pender Streets, by the
Vancouver branches of the Communist Party of Canada. The purpose of the dance ls to raise funds
to assist the miners who are now
on trial in Calgary for their activities in the Alberta mlnng strike
of last year.
A good evening's enjoyment is
prlmised to all who will come and
assist in this worthy and necessary
objective.
A most enjoyable "Smoker" was
staged on Saturday night last, by
Local 844 of the Steam and Operalt-
irig Engineers. Throughout tyie entire evening a spirit ot fraternity
and good-fellowship was displayed
a fact which speaks volumes for
the solidarEy of this local.
Frank Scottt carried out his
slelght-of-hand performance in a
way that left nothing to be desired,
as also did Mr. Storey, and his
partner wlthl their slinging and
musical performance on a one
string violin. Mr. Poole as pianist
added to the zest with his accompaniments, while Mr, Stinch-
combe, president of the Plumbers'
Union, in his character monologues
was much more entertaining than
most professional stage performers.
Those who missed this smoker
certainly missed a night of real
entertainment.
NOTICE
A FISHERMEN'S meeting
■"■ "will be held in Room 313,
Holden Building, 16 Hastings
Street East, on Saturday, January 16, at 7.30 p.m.
All fishermen are invited.
SPIES BID FOR Rival French Unions
MORE BUSINESS Plan Joint Action
1VTEW YORK.-—(FP)—Brick and
clay workers can be be on
guard against activities of industrial spies ln their union. Proof that
spies operated In Connecticut clay
products plants during the recent
strike of United Brick & Clay
Workers' Union is contained in a
letter published by the New Leader,
which holds tue original. Com-
^mlssioner H. A. Jung, National
Clay Products Industries Association, affiliated with that super-association of employers—National
Industrial Conference Board—
writes bidding for spy business
fiom North River Brick Co., of
Saugerties, N.T.:
September 25,  1925.
Dear Sir:—
Find herewith excerpt from
confidential report received from
one if our staff representatives in
connection with the Connecticut
situation:
"Lowrie did not speak tonight of
using any violence, but begged the
men to stick for the sake of their
wives and chlildren, saying further
that next spring when this battle
opened up again, the Hudson River
district would be organized so that
no influx of negro labor could occur, as is now the case, and with
this road blocked, the CBMA would
have to come to time."
It is essential that this fall, winter and next spring, the Hudson
River operators get together and
formulate a definite labor policy
and It would be advisable to have
the writer address you on the subject matter of "What is the U.B. &
CjW. of A.?"—"What Do They
Do?"—"What Have They Done?"
—"What Should We Do to Offset
Their Activities?"
Very truly yours,
(Signed) H. A. Jung,
Commissioner.
The spy-using clay products
manufactures' .association Is one -of
the*most powerful openshop employing groups, endangering not
only Us direct employes but all
building trades workers.
Private ownership of the means
of production—the factories, land,
mines, mills—makes masters of
capitalists and wage-workers of
the producers.—Mary   E. Marcy.
Patronize our advertisers.
(By Len De Caux)
PARIS.—(FP)—*Trade union
unity to the extent of drawing up
a nulified wage demand has been
achieved by the organizations of
French railwaymen. The demand
is for a fixed minimum wage of
7,000 francs (1 franc, 4 cents) with
a movable scale above that amount
varying with the cost of living and
based on a present minimum of
740 francs. The reformist federation (C. G. T.), the radical federation of labor (C. G. T. U.) and
neutral craft unions catering for
railwaymen united in the consultations leading to this joint demand.
150,000 union men were represented.    -
The French trade union movement is badly split as there are
three national trade union bodies,
the C. G. T., the C. G. T. U and a
Federation of Autonomous Unions.
Feeling is bitter. Consequently if
is quite an achievement that the
rival rail unions should have drawn
up a common demand, even though
their co-operation may not go
much further. This is the second
occasion on which the rail unions
have achieved a temporary united
front, the former being the Tours
conference when the unions made
a common demand for the reinstatement of railroad workers victimized for their activity in the big
general railroad strike some years
ago.
This split In the ranks of French
labor Is not so serious in a number
of industries as it might seem.
French unionism is decentralized,
and the local is still the most important unit. But this does not
apply to such industries as the
railroads, where national action is
imperative. A similar division on
a lesser scale arose In Germaniy
owing to the expulsions of Communist railroadmen who then
formed a- rival union, but this was
healed recently by the readmlssion
of the opposition union' into the
parent organization.
(By Scott Nearing, Federated
Press)
Starvation Wages
BERLIN.—Folks in one part of
the World find it hard to think in
terms of the economic stt-ugg-le
that is talcing place elsewhere.
There has been much talk about
Germany under the Dawes Plan,
and public men have found various grounds for discussion in the
figures showing so many millions
of marks for this item and so
many tens of millions for that.
But no workers ever see marks by
the million. They spend most of
their time dealing with pennies.
One worker in Berlin has given
me a careful statement of his income. He works for the streetcar company, and as he is a single
man, with three years of servlcei to
his credit, he receives 70 pfennig
per hour (about 17 cents). Beginners work for 60 pfennig-.
Workers on the Berlin streetcars work about 234 hours a
month—26 days of 9 hours each.
That makes a total monthly income, for a single man, of 163.80
marks. If the man had a wife, he
would get 3 pfennig more per
hour. He would also receive a
like amount for each child.
This man is single, however, so
his income is just about $39 per
month, gross. From it there are
several deductions:. For a pension
8 marks .per month, health Insurance 7.80 marks, unemployment
.90, Income tax 5.70, or total deductions of 22.40 marks per
month. There is left a net monthly income of about $33.
Berlin is an expensive city to
live in. Though rents are much
lower than In the United States,
the things that a worker has to
buy cost much the same ln Berlin as in Buffalo, Cincinnati or
Kansas City.
How do the Workers in Berlin
manage to live and to maintain
families on such wages. That is
a question that I have asked 60
times since I came to the city and
thus far I have not found a single
American who  knew the answer.
But the German workers know,
and if you visit them in their
crowded rooms, they tell you in
very concrete .terms of physical
hardship.
itated. The profrteeVs are back in
power, but they have less business
than they expected, and the working masses are living on the ragged edge of famine.
Know Not What to Do
G E R A. Germany. — Returned
from America the Socialist Kurt
Rosenfield said four things in the
United States Impressed him: The
lmenslty of American industrial
and structural technique, the helplessness of the individual worker,
the relatively high economic standard of the skilled worker and the
weakness of the American trade
unions.
Rosenfeld Is a good speaker; a
member of the Reichstag for Westphalia; and an active opponent of
the conservative tendencies of the
German Social-Democratic party.
For nearly three hours he held his
audience while he described the
big buildings, the elevators, the
subways, the hotels, the organization of factories and the rush and
hurry of American life. His hearers were almost all from the working class, and Rosenfeld's picture
of the comforts and convenience's
enjoyed by sWilled American workers contrasted sharply with the
low living standards prevalent in
German industriai regions.
Rosenfeld found the American
unions engaged in banking but
overlooking the class struggle.
Rosenfeld's conclusion was typical of the economic point of view
dominant ln the Socialist party. After describng the terrible economic
Juggernaut the Americans have
created, he ended his talk by urging the German workers to increase production, with the suggestion that they might thus enjoy
the same things that the American
workers now have.
Germany is fading an unemployment crisis, but the speaker had
nothing to say about where to find
a market for the increased output
which he was urging.
The production of wealth on an
ample scale for all is a social
duty, not onerous but pleasurable,
which not only suplles overy material need on a higher plane, but
helps on the realization of the
noblest montal and artistic ideals.
—H. M. Hyndman.
Gloom Fills Liepsic
LEIPSIC, Germany.—Lelpslc is
one of the leading industrial centers of Germany. It ls a city with
considerably more than half million people, many of them highly
skilled in book manufacturing and
in machine industry. There are
113,008 Lelpslc workera affiliated
with the German Federation of
Labor and about 30,000 more organized in other bodies.
Wages are very low. In the
chemical and machine industries,
men work for as little as 20
marks ($5) per week. This is for
unskilled labor. Skilled men are
paid as high as 90 marks per week
($22.50) in tho machine industry,
but this is exceptional. Printers
are now getting about 65 marks
($16.25) per week. Food ls almost as expensive as it is In a
city of the same size in tho United
States. Clothing is a little cheaper.
Rent is very much less.
"We Americans, cannot understand how families can be maintained on such wages," I said to
the secretary o'f the Lelpslc Central Labor union. He smiled grimly. "We Germans cannot understand it either," he said.
Matters are made worse by the
rapidly increasing unemployment.
Millions of German workers supported the Dawes' plan because
they thought it would give them
work, even Ifl wages were low.
During the past few weeks unemployment ln Lelpslc has increased
greatly.
Lelpslc ls only one of the many
industrial cities of Germany, Like
all that I have seen, however, it
is oppressed by economic pessimism.    Germany has been rehabil-
Sacco—Vanzetti Case
Before Supreme Court
NEW YORK.—(FP)—Nicola
Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzettl—
Italian labor men arrested during
the Palmer red raids—have their*
appeal for a new trial from the
1921 murder conviction before the
Massachusetts Supreme Court
this month. t
New York Italians and the progressive labor movement in general are awaiting the outcome. Two
conventions of th© American Federation of Labor and many International union conventions and
central bodies have gone on record
for the new trial. The El Paso
A. F. of Is. convention went so far
as to call their conviction a
"ghastly miscarriage of justice."
European labor movements have
added their voices to the chorus.
Sacco and Vanzetti were seized
May 5, 1920 while they were organizing a meeting of protest against
the Department of Justice, following the death of their friend Andreas Salsedo, a printer who
pitched to his death from a D.
of J. window on Park Row, New
York, after he: had been illegally
detained incommunicado anil tortured for two months. Later a
charge of murdering a payroll
guard at South Braintree, Mass.,
was brought against them. They
were, convicted in Dedh-am court
the following year. Since then two
of the prosecution's eye- witnesses
signed affdavlts confessing perjury; a third was shown to have
testified under an assumed name
and to have served two convictions
for larceny. Additional proof convinced the labor movement of a
frame-up.
BARRISTERS
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 Metj
polltan Bldf.
BATHS
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Pa
Bldg., 744 Hastings St. W.
BICYCLES
HASKINS   *   ELLIOTT,   100   ?«4
Street W. The beet makei of bioye,
on  eaiy termi.
BOOTS AND SHOES
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main
BOOTS  (LOGGING)
H. Harvey, ES Cordova St. W.
OAFE
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastlngi St.
chiropractor
Dr.   d.  a.   McMillan,   palmJ
Graduate.   . Open   daily   and   e-.*
ings.    Dawson  Blk.,   eor.  Haitingi
Main.    Phone Sey. 9954.
DENTIST
Dr.  W.  J.   Curry,   801   Domlnld
Bldg.	
drugs
Red Star Drug Store,  Cor. Coij
dova and Carrall.
FLORISTS
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 4| Hm|
tings St. E.
GLASS
GLAZING,  SILVERING,  BEVELLING,!
WESTERN   GLASS   CO.   LTD.,   1
Oordova St. W., few doort weit
Woodward'i.   Sey. 8687.   Wholeiale anj
retail window glial.
HOSPITAL
BETTER BE   SAFE THAN   SORRT-
Grandview   Hospital—Medical,   lurgl
leal,   maternity.     1090   Vietoria   Drivel
High.  137.
MEN'S FURNISHINGS
W.  B.   Brummitt,   18-20  Cordova]
Street.
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main 8U|
MEN'S SUITS
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and Hast]
ings Streets.
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20  Cordov,j|
Street.	
MUSIC
T7IOLINS  ADJUSTED,   VOICED,
V   paired,  by expert.    Will Edmund
965 Robion  St.    Sey.  8094.
OPTICIAN
Pitman Optical House.  615 Hast]
ings West.
" PAINT AND  3-PLY PANELS
Gregory   &   Reid,    117   HastingJ
Street East..	
TOBACCOS
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carral|
Street.
With want destroyed, with greoq
changed to noble passions, wit!
the fraternity that is born oi
equality taking the place of th<(
jealousy and fear that array mer
against each other, with mental
power loosed by conditions thaf
give to the humblest comfort and
leisure, and who shall measure the
heights to which our civilizailod
may soar?—Henry George.
Geo. McCiiaig
AUCTIONEER and APPRAISES
Phon* Sey. 107*
748 Rlcho-di Straet, Vancouver, B.0.
NONE BUT WHITE  HELI
EMPLOYED
/COAL|
AND        u
WOODJ
Advertisers are helping us.   Re- i-rnup
ciprocate  by buying  from  them, axjab
and tell them you saw lt ln the
Advocate. a^am
BUT  WHITE HELP
EMPLOYED WW—«—wmawi iiiumiiiih mi
riday, January 15, 1926
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Page Three
- - POLITICS - -
;rest Protestors of       Dead Person's Letters
Moroccan-Syrian Wars        Form Basis of Trial
-- INDUSTRY---
Polish Police Rival Australian Unionists
Spanish Inquisition     Prosecute Government
>ARIS.—Following  the  dejnon-
itlons  of  the   French  workers
Inst the imperialist aggression
'France  in   Syria  algainst  t)he
uses and in Morocco against the
'flans, many arrests were made,
iy house to house searches took.
ree newspapers were suspended,
h  Damascus,  Syria,  the whole
i was placed under martial law,
feats and house searchings took
be.   Up to the present, over 250
nbers of committees of action
te been  inprisoned and  perse-
Jed.
Twenty-three persons have been
Jtenced to a total of 13 years, 7
aths'  Imprisonment and  13,600
» for  inditing the  soldiers to
(obedience, to fraternization with
Rif-Kabyls and for distributing
iflets against the Moroccan war.
ble  seaman  Vigne,   a sailor   on
|ard   the   iron-clad   Paris   was
itenced to three years' Imprison-
knt by a court martial in Tou-
tse, three sailors from the Vol-
■re  are  now  awaiting  trial   by
grt martial  for  mutiny against
authorities on the ship. Eleven
Mans  were  sentenced  to  death
executed in Allepo for an "at-
npt" on the life of the French
ILjors Vounieres -and Mysotskli.
KISHENEY, Bessarabia.—The
French lawyer Torres, who in the
beginning of the Kishinev trial
took over the defence of the peasants and was finally expelled from
the court, writes as follows ln his
report of his mission:
"The only document on which
the accusation was based, is a piece
of paper signed by.a certain Pla-
tow which contains the reference
to an existing illegal organization
and on the general revolutionary
spirit of the population. Platow
himself, however, has been killed
in the suppression of the revolt.
The person to whom the paper was
addressed, Neuin, was also killed.
Finally the peasant, in whose possession the palper was allegedly
found, 'happened' to be killed
'while attempting to escape.' In
this manner the prosecution supports itself on a correspindence between two ghosts, found in the possession of one that Is dead."
GERMANY
The present economic conditions
ln Germany which reveal the grow!-
lng~failure of the Dawes plan and
Indicate a trend of events which if
continued may well lead to a new
wave of revolutionary class struggle, is shown in the astounding
growth of unemployment as reported by the government. On December 1 the number of unemployed which are registered and
to whom doles of relief are given,
stood at 672,000, while on December 15, so rapid has been the decline in productive activity, the
registered unemployed numbered
by the government had risen to
1,057,000. Nor is there any prophesy of a betterment. '"
with African Justice
[Has no Use for Natives
pAPE   TOWN,  South   Africa,—
.)—"In 13 cases of the murder.
ilcide     or    manslaughter     of
jiuth African) natives by whites
i severest penalty was six months
|Jail ln one case; in three cases
white culprits got £25  ($220)
six weeks jail and detention
| the rising of the court, respec-
ply; while In the remaining nine
the  accused  whtes got  off
, free."
j?his is 'taken from   a lettor to
i Star, a newspaper of the South
Hcan  whites.     "Some  of  these
Ines,"   says   the   correspondent,
pre n^ost foul and cruel, and in-
led death by stoning, death by
^glng, throat cutting, death  of
oung girl through strangulation,
fth by shooting, and so on.    In
cases the victims were unof-
|dlng,  and  in  some they were
pless, and ln no case can one
that death was justifiable."
lies©  cases   occurred   all   over
'country and are, according to
\ correspondent, merely a sample
|he justice meted out to whites
the  victims  happen  to   be
s.    "The thing is general all
South Africa." he says; "and
convlcion and execution, of a
lte for a black murder is, I fear,
leard of in the land."
Stay at the
I0TEL STRATFORD
The Plaoe Called Home
i Oorner GORE AVE. and
KEEFER STREET
Phone Sey. 0121
GIOVANDO, JOHN THA
(200  Elegantly Furnished
Roomi.
Rooma with Private Bath
Moderate  Prices
| FIRST-CLASS SERVICE
Australian Militants
Protest Heresy Hunt
(By W. Francis Ahern, Federated
Press)
SYDNEY.—In view of the heresy hunt by the Australian Labor
party against the militants In the
party, labor 'men are demanding
a congress of all unions In Australia at the earliest possible moment.
A manifesto Issued to the unions
reads, in part:
"There Is every Indication, both
on the industriai as on the political fields, that a re-organization
of the whole of the labor movement, politieal and Industrial alike,
would be ln the best Interests of
the mass of the workers. The labor movement of Australia is entrenched firmly upon an industrial
basis. It can have no existence
apart from that foundation, and
its success or otherwise depends
largely upon the organization of
the industrial and political wings
and their effective and harmonious
inter-relations."
The political wing ls trying to
prevent the congress, fearing that
it will be captured by the militants
in the industrial unions. It is
claiming that Labor's defeat In the
federal elections was due to the
(Presence of radicals within the
party and the fear that if Labor
was elected there would be a revolutionary  change  of   government.
The militants say that Labor's
defeat was due to the failure of
the pai-ty to institute a live, radical
policy, Had this been done, they
assert, Labor would have had a
sweeping victory In Australia Nov.
14.
At Brisbane the Communists
have been ordered to give up
rooms in the Brisbane Trades hall.
Messrs. Rymer and Moroney, chief
offclalB of the Queensland branch
of the Australian Railway unions,
have been expelled from the
Queensland executive of the Australian Labor party. They were
the leaders in the recent successful general strike of railway workers throughout Queensland which
compelled the Labor government
to grant an all-round Increase1 in
wages. They are not members of
the Communist party.
FRANCE
The increase of Fasclslt alarms
French statesmen, and repressive
measures are proposed. A pending bill would prohibit Illegal gathering of Fascisti and the storing
by them of arms and ammunition.
It is charged that French monarchists, who hope for a restoration ot their governmental system,
are not unfriendly to the latest
form of autocracy.
WARSAW.—The Polish police
have Instituted a torture system in
the Bielostock area among the
White Russian workers and peasants that ln its, brutality outdoes
that of the medieval inquisition.
Not satisfied to tirture, malm
and kill the adult workers and
peasants, the Polish police apply
unheard-of tortures to young
workera
Young workera are arrested,
heaten with chains, thrown to the
ground and water forced through
the nose, arms squeezed in a vise,
bare soles beaten with soft iron
rods in an attempt to force "confessions" of belonging to Communist organzations.
Many of the young workers that
are arrested, are jailed because of
their activity in the trade unions
against their bosses.
MEXICO
Another suspected canard to
make Louis N. Morones, now labor
minister ln the cabinet of Calles,
a martyr of tire "extermlsts," ls
seen In the scare heads In the
Mexican papers telling of a mysterious "plot to assassinate Morones. As usual, the "Russian
Reds" are "believed to be behind
it."
AUSTRIA
Unemployment in Austria continues to increase. There are now
350,000 without jobs. The representative of the league of nations,
who is reforming Austria's finances,
has dismissed 100,000 employes.
The banks are-* preparing for further reductions in the number if
employes.
Whites Losing Hold
in Chinese Republic
WASHINGTON.—(FP)—An official dispatch from minister Mac-
Murray in Peking tells of three
decrees by the provisional executive Tuan Chi Jul, who was sent
up last year by thei pro-Japanese
war lord of Manchuria, Chang Tso
Lin. These decrees amount to abdication by Tuan, at the order of
Gen. Feng, Chinese military leader
most closely In sympathy with the
Soviet Union. Feng holds all of
northern China south of the great
wall, including the seaport of Tientsin.
This assertion of the antl-lmper-
lallst foroes in Pekin 'ia looked
upon as a setback for American,
British and French plans. Gen.
Feng was outspoken last year In
his insistence upon immediate cancelation of foreign special priv i-
leges in China. a,
Japan's situation is uncertain,
except that, by the restoration df
Chang to full control over Manchuria, the Japanese domination of
Manchuria is made more complete.
SYDNEY.—(FP)—On the morning of November 20, the Federal.
Government of Australia arrested.
Thomas Walsh and Jacob Johnson,,
general president and assistant
secretary of the Australian Seamen's union. They were dragged
from their homes at daybreak to*
await deportation from Austarlla.
The supreme court has since
quashed the order and the men are'
suing for damages.
Deportation was ordered under
a special law recently passed, it-
being held that both men had been
hindering trade and comjmereo and
that their presence in Australia
would be injurious to the "peace,
order and good government of the
country." The government stated
that the wives and families of the
two men would be allowed to accompany them from Australia.
Walsh has been in Australia 33
years, has a wife and seven children; while Johnson has been la
Australia for 19 years and had a
wfe and one child.
The courts were Invoked for a
writ of habeas corpus demanding
release on the ground that deportation was Illegal inasmuch as
Walsh was a British citizen and a
resident of Australia before the
Federal law came into operaton,
while; Johnson as a naturalized citizen was beyond the jurisdiction of
the deportation low.
RUSSIA
The central committee of the
railroad workers has decided to reward all workers who invent devices that effect savings In cost
of railroad operation by giving
them a sum equivalent to 30 per
cent, of the annual savings ef-
fetced by the device.
SOUTH AFRICA
Several persons were killed and
many wounded ln fierce fighting
which occurred during the Christmas holidays between drunken
Rand soldiery and the natives.
BELGIUM
Belgian women have started a
movement for the abolition of certain sections of the Belgian code
of laws, whioh express the infer-
orlty of women.
GREAT BRITAIN
The 44-hour week has been established in the British building industry by an agreement signed by
the employers and all the London
building unions.
Three Years in Jail
For Exposing Horthy
BUDAPEST, Hungary.—The late
minister of the interior, Edmund
Bonizkl, who in h. s declaration as
witness of the assassination of the
social-democratic editors Somegyl
and Bacso, accused Horthy of
shielding the murderer, was sentenced to three years' inprison-
ment, 15,000,000 kronen fine, three
years' deprivation of office and political rights on the grounds that
he had insulted Horthy, and broken
the law of legal secrecy.
In connection with the same affair, Thomas Kober, editor of the
monarchists Az Ujsag, who published the declaration of witness,
was sentenced to one month's in-
prisonment and 5,000,000 kronen
fine.
Political Prisoners
Send Message by Air
BERLIN.—Some days ago a
peasant in Kamberg ln Thurlngia
found a Uttle French department
store balloon containing a letter
from the political prisoners in
Strassbourg.
The contents of the letter were'
as follows:
"Best greetings from the Strassbourg prison to all comrades who*
have the luok of looking at the
prisons of capitalism from the outside—the political prisoners Georges Schreckelr, Charles Fischer,.
Adolphe Eberhart, Emile Schott,.
accused for incitement of members*
of the army to disobedience.'"
The comrades whose greetings;
made such a long journey through
the air, have since been sentenced
by the French military justice to-
several months of inprisonment.
Pass this copy to your shopmate
and get him to subscribe.
ARGENTINA
The steamer Asparla Stavroudl
left Buenos Aires for Odessa with
a cargo of hides valued at 800,000
pesos.
■esh Out Flowen, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental aiid Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Irown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
8—STORES—3
HHtinfi St. But, Ity. Mt-672     065 Onravill* SttMt   Sty. 1818-1891
151 Hnitinn  Street Weit Sey.  1870
"SAT IX WITH nOWlBS"
Art is sound human workmanship. A work of art is a well-
made boot, a well-made chair, a
well-made picture.—W. R. Letha-
by.
The right ami of Xabor ls a
strong press. Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
French Manufacturer
Fires Upon Workers
PARIS.—On the day of the protest strike against the war in Morocco ahd Syria, a group of demonstrators was stopped by the employer Sion, provoked and attacked with shots from a rifle, Fortunately, the shots missed their
mark.
However, not the factory owners, but the workers were placed
before the court in Lille and received sentences of three to eight
months' imprisonment. The factory owner who shot into the demonstrating workers, appeared as
a witness before he court and was
not even asked whether he had a
permission to carry arms.
N.Y. Building Trades
Seek Wage Increase
NEW YORK.—(FP)*—Building
trades negotiations for a higher
126 wage agreement hold the centra of the stage with New York
labor. The Building Trades Employers Association has given the
refusal that is customary ln the
early stages of negotiations but the
unions are standing pat in their
demands for average increases of
a dollar and a half a day, bringing the wages of most mechanics
to $12 from $10.50.
Stone masons and bricklayers
raise the ante from $12 to $16 a
day. Stone setters, marble carvers,
slate roofers and plasterers ask
$14 Instead of $12. Marble cutters
and setters call for $13 Instead of
$11*
These wtages are no more than
mechanics need to live on in view
of the seasonal nature of their
work and the high prices of New
York, the union men point out. The*
painters' union, which is in the $12
demand group, averaged only 175
days' work last year. Thart union
is also discussing a standardization
of work clause, to limit a day's
work in each grade of painting to
a fixed amount that men can perform wthout exhaustion or without incompetant service. Page Four
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Friday, January 15,
OPEN FORUM
gdikriol T>a^
QUESTION BOX^
Address AU  Letters  ajnd
Remittances to the Editor
3% (Eauatoan ffiabor Afctwrafr
1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C. Phone Sey. 2132
Listening In
On Ottawa
The Nova Scotia Coal Inquiry
Ink Pot Excavations
wz
(BY JOHN PICKENSHOVEL)
r\EAN INGLE of St. Paul's, the
"Gloomy   Dean,"   sees   great
AFTEE a session lasting several weeks, during which they
■^ have listened to harrowing tales of want and suffering,
in parliament opened, and caused by unemployment and low wages, the Eoyal Commis-
the debate on whether Mac-  sion,  appointed to investigate the Coal mining industry in Nova  danger   confronting  Britain.    He J™,"1"^" _M^lVtwU*v,.**.
;ie  Kine   or  Arthur   Meighen   „_.!*. X._._ i_.___i__i  j _.!_,.: .     t,;i„ _.. .„ ._j u*   savs:    "The eominjr danger to the  r°r0e'   ^onMtterlnS tna» tne
Board is to enforce this tha
forced (?) the 8-hour-day^
this ls to be expected.    By.
$2 A YEAR
$1 SIX MONTHS
iimiutuiuiuuwiwiuuiiuiiiimHiiiiii  tm uiiiitiiiimiiumiiitj
minimum wage bill for men
fair to follow the same prod
of   non enforcement as
called Labor legislation, pass
the present Provincial Governfl
It is announced in the press!
it will be about 7 months b]
the Board is able to put lti
kenzie King  or  Arthur   Meighen  g    ^    ^     ^^ down thejr report    j^ ^ ^ of itg  says
should   occupy   the   position   of  . ,   .   _' „_     n _ r ....... _..,._■__.        JV     British nation threatens from with
time  the  summer  will   be*
premier commenced, J. s. Woods- kind it unreservedly favors ithe company, and is silent on the in „ We are so accustoraed ,t0 hear.
worth, Labor M.P., made it plain brutal treatment meted out to 'the miners. ing of alleged dangers from with-
that the group he represented saw out that we are cheered to think
but Uttle difference between the The Commission finds that the wage cut of ten per cent, it might be worse.   The danger he   .   .     f.          .„ "g , °wn
._.,.. .        ,       . , , _* , j       _, „ dustry there will  be little
two. in 1924 was "amply justified," meaning that in order to show forseies is expressed as follows:
to the course of Ms speech Mr. profit <m Besco's watered stock the shareholders of that cor- n'^TL tt ZL !ft!t JZ
Woodsworth    said:     "We    must F ..      _    ,                . , .   .     ,      .       .,        .            .   '   v  • passed into the hands of that class
further recognize that no longer poratioi^ had every right to deprive the miners of a living whiCh seems—I hope  I am  not
to be paid, minimum or othe.J
Possibly the Board intends!
forcing the minimum wage j
winter when thousands are pa
Is there any one single issue that wage.   We frequently hear and see reams of sentimental drool unjust to them—to be ^at present lng the streets l00,Ung for
clearly divides the two old parties, about the "human factor in industry," but where, oh where is
Any one of us who was present
in the last Housd must have had
that fact forced upon his attention;
no one single issue any longer divides those two parties."
Continuing the Labor member
said:   I would he quite willing to
the human factor here, in this the actual working of everyday life? "JSusiness is business" saith the industrial plutocrat,
a.nd under this social order his ethical codes are the law of
the land.
Before the strike took'place numerous families were ex-
not most fully educated in those
moral qualities which made the
nation   great,- united, and happy.
As the bill now stands it ma
as well be enforced at the
.    _  Pole for all the benefit the wc
mean   «»   class   °f   organized here wm derly(.   ^ ,.
time the gentry who passed
. ,        „_,        , „   _„   ,     be travelling through the pro!
such journals as "Reynolds Week- Uvlng ln Ugh *•
ly,"   Lloyd's  Weekly,"  and  other
like periodicals, hie might discover
that most of the murders, robber-
labor,
Were the Dean to read oftenier
join with the Right Hon. leader of istmg* in a state of destitution; children, with only empty flour
no" confidence in 'the government. sa°ks tb protect (their bodies from the icy blasts OI a Maritime ies,   divorces,    and    other   social
Last session I said again and again winter, were being denied the opportunity of learning to read scandals are not b*v any means
1t_t^° T^TV-Stl Zy and ^te' beCaUBe their fathm were'receivinS an Sufficient SJ^Si of ZTlle^Z
«rSon,huttovotetoraZ- wage to provide them with clothing.   And in the face of such on the part of the aristocratic
tion of that kind under the ex- appalling facts Sir Andrew Duncan and his accessories, with and titled classes of that country,
isting   circumstances   practically smug complacency and brutal indifference, remark that a fur* as published in British *lou«ials.
having a good time at the
expense.
The landlord Is recognized^
costly  anachronism whose
claim  even    to  compensation1
expropriation is constantly gej
weaker.—M. Arnold.
means that I must vote that I do
have confidence in the conservatives, and I cannot take that position either."
Mr. Woodsworth suggested that
tbe best method to break the
deadlock would be to appoint a
premier from among the assembled members, -irrespective of Par-
ty of filiations, but as might he
expected, his suggestion) fell on
deaf ears,
anxious to entrench themselves in
power to accept a natural solution
of the difficulty.
When the Labor member challenged the right of the largest
group in tlie House to form a gov-
UNION DIRECTORS
. is   enough   to   make   the   worst
ther reduction in the miner's pay was "amply justified," even "penny dreadful" ever   published
although these men were in many cases working only two read   *ik<>   sacred   literature . if
Hava rsisv wooV some ot the -•* gotten wealth that  ALLIED PBINTINO TBADES COE
aays per ween. on cathedral oollectlon   tateB    -M..t. secondMondayin.tta i
•.*•* .,*,■-,.-    *,      « .    . , «, , ,     President, J. K. White; secretary,
Neither did the Commission make any mention of reduc- went to the Labor. movement, his Neelanda.  p. o. Box at.
ing the $65,000 per year paid to Koy Wolvin, managing direc suseiolons oi the morals f ****' federated  labor  party-
-._*.' ,     A.nnnnn .,        ^   ,, ° movement   would   be   fairly   well     "l. •I* Pender St. West.    Bi
tor of Besco, nor the $30,000 per year paid to E. McLurg of l0Unded.   so long as the workers j^f^ _\\ gJJSj, ^SL-_5(}
Sydney, Nova Scotia, nor the $25,000 per year paid to Sir consumed the moral swin that fen Uorruon", s«o.-tmm*;' Angai u*
Newton'Moore, of London, England.   Obviously none of these lrom the rioh man's table- they bo* to-2n2-__ VorVu^T"'
■t^v  ..A.. ,„„„    ... .*■ *, ,   ,    ,   ,, *, i        *,  ,   i i      •*,    were alright, presumably, from his     Any dlitrlet in Brltlih Oolomb
Both sides were too gentlemen dug any coal, but then only a red-eyed bolshevik Doint of view hllt lt ,. drlfterent iirin/ information _• Mouring •
.fncnnli timnKPl.w in ,, "   . ." .     " Polnt oi view,  du.  H is amerent  or th, fonn»tion* of loo»l br»nctai
WOUld suggest reducing the income of a Salaried loafer. Under  now that they are developing the ir oommnnioat* with Provincial
the beneficent rule of capitalism, wage slashes are reserved for capacity to think  out their own V"LuwTl%To"°rT;i.6phon!lrk»
those who earn their living by the sweat of their brow. code of moralsJ  __________________	
On the financial page of a re-
As reported in the ADVOCATE of June 24, 1925, pre-
-7Sm----*^-T--7  Vi°US ^ ^ StTike ^ aVemge ^^ WagG reCCiVed by ^  Peaied a diagram showing the an-  .J^____^=^^===___
hnr intPrtM-tpd t-l nn«rv   "whv miners was $4-00 per day; many received but $3.60, a few as nual per capita purchasing power oivio employees- union,
BAKERY   SALESMEN,   LOOAL
Mtati  neond Thunday  ettij
ia Holdon Buildlnc. Pmldtnt, J. '
wtll;   Unanolal   Morttary,  H,   A.'j
ron, 781 18th Ava. Eaat.
her Interjected the query:    "Why
From
not let the three per cent, do It?"  high as $4.50.   "Por cutting, loading, Shooting—including the  of the people of Canada,
Quick as a flash came back the COst pf explosives—timbering, tracklaying and pushing boxes lt we "°-led t0 b^even l^at _^t
laconic retort: "Perhaps we shall."   „ AiaittnJnt oKn w «.„ J'  ^Ja il nn J. f™ J* 9.9dn ^aee'_ p" .ptt^^ B'_CJ' T.
28—Meeta Urat and third Pridl
the month at 145 Hastings W.J
p.m.     President,   B.   K.   Brown,]
Charles  St,;   eeeretary-treasurer,
Questioned by Leon Ladner as
a distance of 350 feet the men received $1.00 per ton of 2,240 $67B v'et yeai-   which represents H,rri"m' U8a p"*er 8t'
  _. _ _. ' '._.__     7 ■'■■•*' " ' MTTOTnTlKO'      1IIT.I11I.
to whether as
>y  ueuii   -jniuier  as , _.     »--    »—•     —    *■- MUSICIANS'    MUTUi
a representative of  lbs.    When this coal was hoisted to the surface it sold at $6.00  the cost  of the   things wie, have     0NION,  Local  145,
MUTUAL   PBOTEd
a. r.
labor he would declare that he per ton of 2,000 lbs."   The other $5.00 per ton was Besco's bousht-                             „  _
was opposed to a protective policy, rate of $1*85 for each day of the
Mr.   Woodsworth   said:     "I   am g'                                                                            • year*   When we subtract from that
quite frank to say that in my Drawn from -the ranks of those who live on rent, profit, the cost °£ *ree mealfs at 40 ,ceh^s
judgment a protective policy is no ^ interest) kno_ving nothing) and caring ^ &bout ^ m> * "'
This   works   out  at   the  Meeta in G.W.V.A. Hall,  Seymou
Pender  Streetl,   aeoond   Sunday
a.m.    President, E. 0. Miller, W,
son  itreet;   aeeretary,  E. A.  *
ttl  Nelson  street;  financial  seel
.  . .,    W. E. Wllllame, ttl Nelson atrel
each,  and  60 cents for a nights ganlser, P. Fletcher, ttl MeJson|
economlo solution.   I will go fur-   """* *"«"-«>^ «*^."*"6 «»^t"6, «"i« «-""-s *«», *»"«">* ™* w,   "Hop," we have 16 cents left with TH„
ther—and tills   ls not to, balance  hardship, and Suffering endured by the workers, such glaring which to purchase car-fare, tobac-
things up—that ln my opinion free faots as these were lost on the Commission.   Dominated by co- et0'   II must be  encoura«ing	
,    ;. ,,.*,_,,., in.'.      v to  many   of   the   unemployed   to  Tel. Sey. 1691. President, Bobert
property concepts the only "rights" they could visualize were km)W that they have ^.^ that vioe-President, David ouuspie;'
the rights of property.   If the books of the company could amount for the year, especially aSIS^Hoom'ii," 8*"n •8'»«k.j
not Show a profit a CUt in wages Was "amply justified".    The those who overload themselves on  Street, Vietoria, B.O,   Phono not
n   _. i.i_ . i.1. ,.,,',,'■,  . ,    .      ,    „ AiA„,l coffee    and  doughnuts,  and who TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  No.
fact that the miners couldn't afford to work for less didn't -_....
trade is not an economic solution.
We have to go a good deal deeper than that."
Tlie Ginger Group are definitely refusing to align themselves
with either of the two main parties, waiting to sec what measures
each side propose nnd then deciding whether te vote in favor or
against.
FED EBATED   SEAM
UNION    Of    CANADA—HeadpJ
at Rooma 5,  t and T,  Flack
Itl Haetlnfs Street W., Vaneouul
sleep night after night on the base- |42^^^J2S¥PS^a
ment floor of the City Mission. -   ~   -•  •   ■     -~~   --,
enter the equation.
But the overlooking of palpable facts did not prevent
extraneous matter being dragged into the issue and loaded
on the company's side of the scale.   According 'to their find-
LONDON.—(FP)—The   London   ings these Western Brahmins WOUld have US Relieve  that a  enhancing the happiness and con- Thar'sday of each month,
nn i      ...      ,. ,   .    j.    j   „i„4.i,„   „„j   tentment of the workers. He claims ————————
.20 per week with which to feed, clothe, and ^ music has a defln-te psycho.
house a wife and family was a condition partly brought about logical  effect  on  the   workers,
orer,   R.   H.   Neelands,   P.O.
Meets laat Sunday of each montl
p.m. in Holden Building, lt Haetl
A  British  doctor  suggests the pgnJCB   RUPERT   TYPOGRAPI
introducH'.n of music into   Indus-  .UNION.   No.   411—President,
,,,_-,.,'       ,  t  Maedonald;    aecretary-treasnrer,
trial estaolishmients as a means of o^pi,,!!,  p,o.  Box  tit.    Mee|
the same union.
Society  of  Machine  Rulers has miner receiving
amalgamated   with   the   National
Union of Printing, Bookbinding & , , , , . . .,..*,, ,
Paper Workers, effective January through "the llUtroduotlon of communist theories and aims", bracing them up, and increasing
1, 1926. The decision follows that BeSCo's watered Stock, and princely salaries to absentee direc- the quantity and quality of proof the Amalgamated Association of torg ha(j flothi t0 dQ witll the matter. presumably the ^^SaTSt^mSo^
Pressmen which amalgamated with                               ..-'-.       -~           .          ..              i,    » _.                    '      BSSenHal mal- "1B musw, bo
present starvation, in Cape Breton is another result ot the same lected should keep time with the
cauae- rhythm of the machinery." We do
not   doubt   this  for  one  minute,
All   Exnlandtioil T^e Nova Scotia miners expected nothing from the inquiry, but it would require to be "jazz"
nn   liApiauanuu ^_ received nothing.   These men have waged too to keep step with some machines.
„. , ,      » ,*  • .    i_    i j *i.i, Classical music like "II Trovotore"
AWING to trouble ta. the      "^ fierce juggles for a living wage to be led away with would scarcely harmonlze wtth the
\J       .         any verbal slush of the company's good intentions. They know throb of
that Besco will pay just as much as the organized might of yard.   The "Anvil chorus" might
The findings of the Commis- be alrlght in a blacksmith's shop.
I WING to trouble in tiie
mechanical department
we were unable to publish
THE ADVOCATE last week.
This trouble lias since been
adjusted.
THB   CANADIAN
ffiabor Afttuuj
With Which la Incorporate
THE BBITISH COLUMBIA
     TIOWBT
PUBLISHED EVERY PRIDl
By the Labor Pahliahlng Ol
Bnaineai and Editorial OffiJ
 1129 Howajt.
The Canadian Labor Advocate
factional weekly newspaper, glvii
ol the farmer-labor movement In I
the miners compel them to pay,
sion leaves the miners in their former position.
once again set about the task of solidifying their forces in
order to carry on their battle for bread.
Hviettinu cun dn n. shiD  Subscription  Rates:  United   Statl
rivetting gun in a snip     toniga.  |2.60 per year;  Canal
per year, fl for six months; I
subscribing in a body, lte j
ber* per month.
„,. ,   Almost any kind of music  would Mwntor Th9 Federated Press
iney must  souna g00a ln a boiler shop. British labor Preii
As might have been forecast, the friday, January 15, 1926
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Page Five
The Week at Ottawa
MODERATE LABOR
YEAR CLOSING
(By
Federated
■By J. S. Woodsworth, M.P.)
|_KLIAMENT, like any ponder
Laurence   Todd.
Representatives  live.   It is gener- Press)
ally.known that Members of Par- WTASHINGTON.—Strike an aver-
liament are granted a pa_ss on all   VV age ot t-„e estimates of organ-
ous body, takes some time to  rallwaya    This ls .not a matter* of izei and unorganized labor's pro-
! up speed.    The first few days
. devoted very largely to cere-
alal, and social functions.    On
been notable. Indeed, such persecution has distinctly fallen off,
except in the case of communists
in steel towns,   and strike pickets
per men describe as "a blaze of
por." The Governor General ap-
%ra In full regalia.    Around him
privilege!, but comes under the gress' in the United States in 1925,
Railway    Act, —the    pass    being a8 made by trade  union officials
___ signed by the Clerk of the House.   and   economists  in   the   national
.Opening Day, the House was ^^ th_ standpomt of th6 gen- capltal, and you learn that this
led to Order, and then proceed-  gral publ,iC) thls ls perhaps one of  has been a moderate year.
fin a body along the corridor  the mogj. beneficial   provisions as      Real  wages   have   been   better
it enables the Member to gain in- ^an in previous ^ears, except pos-
^^^^___^_ formation on conditions in various  slb-.y in 1918.    The workers' stan-
IRepresentative of the Governor parts of,the oountry. in the House, dard 0f HVing has been raised a
neral, and a "job" collection of eaoh Memiber is given office ac- little,
erly gentlemen—some of whom oommodation_some of the senior Union membership has not been
recently been retired from the Members are given a single room, seriously reduced nor largely in-
nmons—did not present a par- In the majority 0f cases two occu*- creased, nor has persecution of
lilarly imposing spectacle. After py tJje _ame offloe_ The offices workers because of union activity
few minutes there was a return are we]1 BUppiied with desks, fil-
Ihe House, and one of the few ,ng cabinets, telephones, etc,
Imbers of the Government that  stenographic   service   is   given—
|s re-elected, proposed that Mr.  there    belng    about    one    gten.    ^ ^^_ ^_,^.  _,„.___., ,,	
aieux should be reappointed osr&phe>r to every three Members. in the textile and garment trades,
leaker. The Conservatives and Ag all the uembers are not equally Relations between conservative
Progressives supported the industr_0us, this means that gen- and radical forces in the working
solution. Mr Lemieux took his ei.auy speaking the Member can class.world ln this country have
kt, and the House was adjourned. seourg whatever service he needs become less sharply hostile. Left
}e day's business finished. along this line.    During the Ses-  wing agitation has grown, and has
The Second Day. s**°n  all the  Members'  mall  goes  absorbed many elements that are
I*,  -lav   we will out free-   Tnis enables him, if he  pot essentially radical,  as ln the
Today, the second °ay' so deaires  to keep  In close touch   disputes   within    the    Machinists
ain rei-assemble in the Commons, *       «•
, u  „o*-noa   tn  the with his constituents,
d  again   march across   to  tne
nate  Chamber.    This time  the Vestlgal Appurtenances.
Camber will be what the news-      The arrangements of the House,
as all  procedure,  are  largely  inherited,   and  carry   forwad   many
__———_————————_ of   the   traditions   of  the   British
ie grouped Members of the Privy  jjouse—a man may keep his hat
iuncil    in    glittering    unite™-.  on ln the, chamber simply because  week wore christmaa by issuing
ilitary   officers,   and   dignitaries certain stron(, mlnded individuais c*rculars a,med at both the Fasoiat,
the    Churches—these    classes in England several hundred years anfl* the Communlsts_
•presenting,    we    presume,    the ag0  r€ifused to defer to constitued      „,   , . , , ,.    ,     *un
ost  distinguished  people  In  the  authority.    The   Speaker and Ser-   ;  ™n*    *™   »™   £   *e
ty.    The   Senators are crowded geant.at-ArmS   wear   an   obsolete  «ed SWe^t the c Ise of 192B,
one side and their places given dress,  simply  because  those  who  » hif ■    *""»• unionists axe^on-
the ladles who are required to  preceded them in offlce were de.    Went that   hrir organizations are
Lpear  in  full   dress.    The   poor  *emlned ,„ their day to be up-to- t0° ^1 estabbshed to  be  swep
Unions' Members squeeze in as date In the fashions a™y by h°stlle a"*<* °" the,itP.ar
f h hi d the bar  and of the employers and their political
Vlit   d^ferenLly   to   hear'  the Seating Arrangements. allies.   They believe that American
_W'H  Sneech   which   of  course,      The seating of the House reflects  mechanical   superiority  and  indl-
I ed bv'the Prime Minister   the  two-party  system  which   has vldual efficiency will take care of
^iTsecretai-y  and as a matter  prevailed   for   so   long   In   Great employment and  the standard of
f   t   ll  in    nrint  before  It  is Britain.    The  Speaker occupies a living in the future.    Hence there
JI    The Speech-as all import- sort   of   throne-a   copy   of   the is  no  anxiety,  no  actual  interest
initiations and  items of Speaker's chair at Westminster. On among the  rank  and, file,  as  to
coram ^ English his right in long rows are seated  organizing  the masses of the un-
*TT French   since it must be the  Members  of the  Government organized who now man the big-
h     a thkt Canada is a bi- and  their followers.'   To  his left machine  industries such as steel
memoerea Members of the   Members   of  the   Opposition,  and automobile and rubber goods
igual country. ^ ^ Thu ^_ th_  Conservative  party production, and oil refining. Organ-
e Commo"s -nroceed  has grown so much that it occupies  ized labor waits for these unorgan-
eir  own   »;^°~  the Sseats  held  last  year  by  the  ized to have an  inspiration-from
erCnTluded-'-and  the   even-  Progressive Members. This shoves unemployment perhaps-to organ-
g  and    the  morning  were   the  the Progressives far down to the ize themselves.
B  a end of the Chamber.   Rather than 	
sit  far  back  under the  galleries,
the Labour   Members have taken
seats   on   the   Government   side.
|>s are a number of sooial evems.  ^^ mov_  hag _._ poliUcal  slg.
nificance,    but    was   necessitated
and the Ladies' Garment Workers.
Recognition of the growing menace to all organized labor of the
Italian fascist movement has as-
Isted in this tendency of left and
right to approach an understanding, although the executive council of the A. F. of L. marked the
Icond day."
^^^^   Social Affairs. I	
I Associated  with  these   formali-
Green Asked To Save
Cuban Labor Unions
7"  th    simply  by the  inadequacy of the
seating arrangements to meet the
[ist after the Opening of Parlia-
&nt,    both   the  Speaker   of  the
ouse    of    Commons _,a „.„.„„„„,„.„ „
)eaker of the Senate hold intorm- e3_lst*ng nee(Js of the  Houge
.receptions in their very elabor-
ely  furnished  suites  of   rooms.
,en on Saturday, the Governor
Taneral holds a reception known
"The Drawing Room."
(By-Federated Press.)
Washington. — cablegrams
from Havana, unsigned for ob-
.lous reasons of personal safety,
beg William i+roon, as president
of   the  Pan-American   Federation
The Political Outlook.
From   the   political   standpoint,  0f Labor, to * interfere to save the
This is the   onl'y   m£>*tters  of  importance  iabor unions in Cuba from anni-
ix._D __*.-..,.-= "'----   function that  have   developed  so  far  are,  hilation at the hands of the gov-
pied  largely after-the Junction ^   ^ ^ ^^.^ o£ an ^^
Westmunster.        t()yappear  in election in  the near  future seem      These  messages say that Cuba
tends is  requ ^  ^ ^^ .q be gl.adually receding—Members has decided to dissolve the trade
inform or fu 1 , ^ ^_ of aU Partleg express themselves unions,  and that the police have
nted in acooraan,rable   of   Pre. quite frankly as not being desir-  framed up  against  labor leaders,
rlctly   arrange ladles ous ot another election.   One can-  Bombs  of  a  harmless  sort  have
sdent.      Young    so ^^ not ^ wha(.  may   hapen ,but  it been planted by provocative agents
om  all  over  Canada, ^ wou]d   ggem   _.m&  pogB|ble   thA  q{ the pMc^ &nd the laboj. union
|jpoi-tunlty  of  making ^ ^^ the Llberals may be able to make chlef_   haye   the|tl   been   charged
fcnee  Into society; an    g fc_ such   concessions   as   will   enable with attempting to set off bombs,
preparations in tne. them t   carry on for gome tim&    0ne meSsage says that Mella, the
Ig establishments    A  newcomer
the  House   begins   to   wonder ^   ..Glngcrltes.. ^^ ^  ^  ^^  ^ ^  &
at all this has to do with tne      where ^ the glngerites? It has crmcal  ^^ Qf  exhaustlon.
kmlnlstration   of  the   aftairs  or been sald   that   they  have   be,e,n ■	
fe people.    Then   In addition to swallowed  up  by the  Progressive      -..„..    .    .>. ..„„„„,.
1      more general sooial affairs, Party^t would be perhaps more     Subscribe to the Advocate.
lere is usually given a State din- correct to say that they have cap-
r at Rideau Hall, followed by a tured the progresslve Organization,  be forced  out would  not br the
Irge number of private entertain*
lents.
[Accommodation for Members.
The   ordinary  Member   is   per
taps  more  interested  in  the  ac
ommodatlon and facilities which and    Kennedy
re provided for his personal con- benches,
On the floor of the House, Mr. gingerltes but rather the stand-
Forke has Mr. Brown as a seat- patters. Of course it may be said
mate but otherwise is encircled by that the gingerites have lost their
gingerltes, with Spencer of Battle ginger and succumbed to Liberal
River, Chief Whip; and Garland promises. This remains to be seen,
occupying front Problems are seen from a very
different angle at Ottawa than out
renlence' and for the carrying on Doubtless certain old dlvergen- on the prairies. But among the
if his work. It is well, perhaps, cies still exist within the Progres- Representatives at Ottawa there
hat the public who pay for these sive Group. If, however, the crisis are, true and tried men, upon
hings, should know more clearly should force another division, it whom their constituents may safe-
han they now do, just how their would seem   likely that those to ly bank.
"The little Store ot Big Values"
A Good Range of
MEN'S WORK
SHOES
$3.95 and $4.45
Boy.*,' and Children's
SCHOOL SHOES
$2.25 and $2.95
A Complete Now Line of Men a
Dress  Shoes
* Robinson & Warren
Limit*?*!
1087  GRANVli L_<__ STREET
(Directly Opposite Standatd Furniture  Ooy.)
H. NEIL
Hand Made Loggers' and
Seamen's Boots
136 LONSDALE AVENUE
NOBTH VANCOUVEB     Phoa* 1181
AUTOMOBILES
We Have Some Oood Buys ln
GUARANTEED   USED   CABS   *OC
Cash   Payments   As   Low  As  *?•**'
PATTISON MOTORS Ltd.
Phone Sey. 7406   1866 OranviUe St.
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will   Cure   Tour   Rheumatism,   Lum*
baio, Neuritis or Bal Cold
MA8SAOE   A   SPECIALTY
PACIFIC BUILDING
744 Hastings St. W. Phone Say. 2070
HaveYouaRadio?
See Advt. on Page 8
'IT'S A HIT"
BETTER THAN MEDICAL
METHODS
0. S. Lincoln, M.D., advises as
follows: "Learn the beBt methods
of giving suggestion in both the
waking and the hypnotic states,
and you have learned 8 me thing
of more value than a course at
a. medical college."
Learn Scientific Healing
$25  Instruction Course
of 15 lessons in book form for
$1.50. Usual price $5.00. Holiday Special. Remarkab.e cures
are obtainable. Remit to Prof.
Stranack, 601 N.W. Bldg., Vancouver, B.0.
Subscribe to the Advocate.
SPEED!
■THE voice currents used
A in long-distance telephoning travel from 8,000
to 178,000 miles per second.
B. 0. Telephone Company
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
BABBISTBBS,  SOLIOItOBS, BTO.
401-408  Metropolitan  Bulldlnf
887 Hasting! St. W., Vanconver, B.O.
Telephones: Seymour (688 aad 8867
Sickness, The Result of Defective Teeth
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
OFFICE: 301 DOMINION BUILDING
Fhone Sey. 2354 (or Appointment
r\OCTOKS are now recognizing the relationship between dis.
*-"   eased teeth and bad health,
Every week or two some physician sends me a patient to have his
teeth attended to, and in the majority of cases the doctor's suspicions
are confirmed, and the health improves when the Dental needs have
beon  supplied.
This is natural; good blood deponds on good digestion, and this in
turn depends on mastication,
Dr. Curry combines Long Experience with most Up-to-Date Methods.
\\
GLASSES
COMPLETE
AUE eye examination is as
^ perfect as skill, scientific
instruments and years of experience can devise.
Bird Eye Service
(UPSTAIRS)
205 SERVICE BLDG.
ROBSON at GRANVILLE
Entrance 680 Robson St.
Phone Sey. 8955
We Want All Union Men to Know We Carry
Headlight Overalls
Union Made
The Headlight people have just opened a work shirt department—and they are dandles, in dark and light blue (union
labeled)    „  $2.25
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 Cordova Street West
m
■ w Page Six
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Iriday, January 15, 1|
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Seeretary Federated Seafaren
of Canada.)
U. S. BANKERS
HAIL FASCISTI
SEAMEN'S ACTIVITIES
AMEETING was held at the
■^headquarters of The Federated
Seafarers' Union of Canada, 163
Hastings Street West. The president elected at the annual nieeting
was in the chair, (Bro. Jams Ediie,
of the S.S. Princess Charlotte of
the C. P. R.).
Tho financial report was read
to the members and submtted to
the auditors for their O. K. An
interesting discussion on the minutes of the last meeing, held on
Friday, December 18th, of the past
year, regarding fining two members who had broken the rules by
changing their rating, although
the members fined were agreeable
to the penalty imposed. The secretary stated that many members
were against the principle of fining members working as seafarers,
as it did no't mater what capacity
the members were in aboard a ship.
They were working for wages and
therefore "Wage Slaves." In the
two cases mentioned, it was pointed out that since the union was
formed in 1917, there was not a
dozen cases similar to the case of
the two members who were fined.
A motion was put to amend the
rule th%t the members were fined
under, the result or which was that
there was only one dissenting voice.
The Secretary further pointed out
ithat rescinding the motion would
create better harmony, as in one
ease where the union could not
supply a man to relieve another
for two* weeks, owing to former
rulings, the National Sailors &
Firemens* Union of Canada had
supplied a man, in contravention
of the rules of The Federated Seafarers' Union of Canada. The secretary stated it was necessary to
use a little discretion owing to the
economic conditions we are working under, especially at this time
of the year when many non-union
men would be glad to fli the places
of those holding out according to
the rules of the union.
The patrolman was questioned as
to not being aboard the vessels of
the C. G. M. M. Ltd., and he explained that the private policemen
of that company were very much
on the lookout to see that neither
Empire
Cafe
QUALITY
COURTESY
REASONABLE
76 Hastings East
HAROLD DEOO and
BUB KIUUiSE
UU  6_tb  Batt.  and  72nd Batt.
he nor the Seoretary got aboard
any of the vessels mentioned. The
result was that a motion was passed instructing the Secretary to get
in touch with the company, and
see if It was definite that union
delegates were not allowed to go
aboard as did other mien belonging to the engineers and officers
union.
One member asked the Secretary
Wlhether any reply had been re-
civd from the. National Sailors and
Firemens' Union of Canada, regarding the amalgamation proposals sent them. No further reply had been received other than
that the proposals were sent to
the headquarters In the U.S.A. for
approval and opinion on the same.
The secretary stated that quite
a few searfaring men were in the
hospital and that although many
of them did not belong to the union they were supplied with reading matter and a plentiful supply
of cigarettes, fruit etc. during the
festive season, and once a week
otherwise. The expenses in conneotlon with this part of business
was quite heavy, and the annual
assessment of one dollar was not
paid regularly unless when it was
collected through the activities of
other members aboard 3hip. One
member stated that while he was
ln St, Pauls Hospital the attention
he received from the .union was
worth ten times the amount assessed. He further stated that the
seamen got more service from The
Federated Seafarers' Union than
from any of the so-called societies
or missions supposed to be working in the interests of the seamen
of British Columbia.
Many seamen belonging to the
organization had been able to join
ships that were to be: away for
some time. Some of the members
were doing excellent work aboard
the ships, in explaining the: work
of the organization in trying to
better the lot of the seamen who
were sailing out of British Columbia, as a result of which several
new members were added to the
roll.
The first lot of the five hundred
membership books ordered have
arrived from the printers, Cowan
Brookhouse Ltd. The book is a
very neat membership book and
pocket book as w'en, bound in real
leather, with a button clasp or
snap. This book has room for five
years dues and has memorandum
space and other snappy features
The social evening has Deen
postponed owing to the amount of
business to be done within the
next few days.
Obituary
Joe Montero died at St. Pauls
Hospital on Tuesday Jan. 5th, after a short illness. He came ashore
from the S. S. Heathfleld a few
weeks  ago   ,and   It   was  thought
(By Art Shields, Federated Press)
TVf E W Y O R K.—Fascism runs
*•* heavily in the day's news:
Labor scoring it, Big Business
boosting. In the same editions
that carry the warnings of President William Green, A.F. of L.,
against the fascist menace to the
trade  unions  comes an interview
Notes From the Camps
BECAUSE of the vicious slashes
that havo been made in the
wages of Coast loggers in recent
years the last annual meeting
of the Lumber Workers industrial
Union of Canada decided to reduce the monthly dues by fifty
cents  per  member    per    month.
The decision to adopt this course
with C. W.  Barron,  publisher of  orlglnated   in   the  report   of   the
the Wall Street Journal,  lauding Executlvei   and  reoelved  the  un.
Mussolini and urging a dictatorship  animous endorsatlon of the meet.
for France as well. , _
Barron, just back from Burope, This will mean a certain cur-
is so well sold on the black shirt tailment in the activities of the
idea that he promises to be one of Union but it is hoped that this
the most persistent of propagan-  will to some extent be  overcome
by  an  increase  in  the  membership.
It was decided to hold a mass
meeting of lumber workers in the
Vancouver Trades CouncU Hall, at
an early date, the exact time to
be set by the Executive, This
meeting   was   held   on
dists. He sees Mussolini measures as a panacea for a sick business world. A French dictator
he thinks, would restore French
oredit by paying her debts with
taxes taken from the peasants.
Republics and prosperity do not
go together in Europe, he says,
urging his dictatorship.
veals some hopeful factor al
as indications for demandf
the apportionment of the pt]
of the log are concerned.
Stocks are low. . . Local bu
is quite brisk."
The lumbermen are prejj
to harvest the working lq
and harvested he' will be _|
he makes some effort on his
behalf at an early date.
■The fact that the holdings]
mass meeting elicited a reap
and was the result of seci
some members shows that!
men working In the camps|
waking  up.
Coal Mine Operators
Seek Strikebreal
NEW YORK.—(FP)—He
powerful  Pennsylvania  empltj
associations have sent a lettej
Thursday Governor      Pinchot     demanl
inight,  and  resulted in the meet-  changes in the miners' certifl
This amounts to* propaganda for  ing place being packed.   Secretary law so that bituminous miners \
the overthrow of a friendly gov- Bengough, of the Vancouver
ernmenti by a fascist revolution Trades Council, and W. Bartlett,
for it is obvious that such a. die- an executive officer of the same
tatorshilp cannot be installed by organization, addressed the meet-
constitutional means, but the pub- ing, pointing out the need for the
be   brought   into   the   anthrc
fields to take the place of iStri
This law forbids the eimplo:
of .skilled anthracite   miners
have not served  a two-year
men working in the camps to bej prenticeship as hard coal laboj
organized in order to protect their
living and working conditions.
After   the   speakers   had   completed   their   addresses   consider-
lisher does not go into that.
While in Italy Barron looked
closely into the banking system
that has lately been somewhat
buttressed   by ithe   Morgan   loan
and he advised On government aDie discussion took Place,
leaders a closer alliance between
Italian and American industry. The
low wage levels under fascism interested him greatly. In an earlier interview, cabled from Europe,
he told Italian business men to
take advantage of their cheap
labor by purchasing Alabama coal
and Iron ore and working them
up in Italy.
HoW wages fell in Italy as the
unions were broken by fascisti violence is described in a dispatch
to the New York World from William Bolitho who has been running a series on the Italian regime.
Since the fascist revolution, he
writes, "the class warfare of the
workers against capitalists had
ceased. But that of tfie bour-
geoiseie against the workers had
only Just begun. Profits increased
enormously .... but wages went
down and hours .increased.- Full
use was made of the regulation
against the minimum wage and the
increased pay for overtime. In
some regions sanitary regulations
were droped In factories and the
employment of minors, dangerous
conditions, etc., old evils that
everyone thought dead were* revived in the favorable climate of
fascism."
This is in  line with Federated   _„     T , , ,.     „    ...
Press .nterviews with Italian labor  The  JanUary IsUe  °£ th0 Pa°lflc
men telling of recent wage cuts     Coast Lumberman says!   "As  the
     * year  closes prospects . for    1926
grow   brighter.     Apx   examination
of practically all our markets re-
Shortly after the meeting adjourned several men who had
attended the meeting came up to
the Union office and asked to be
signed up. The Executive are
making arrangements for holding
another mass meeting at an early
date in order to keep up the good
work. It is expected that next
meeting will be held some time
during the ensuing week, advertising notices giving the exact
time will be put on the streets.
It ls doubtful whether a more
favorable time for organizing has
existed in recent years. The demand for lumber is increasing
rapidly, and the price of logs is
going up. Everything indicates
that the camps will be busy for
some time to come. But while
log prices are increasing wages
are going in the opposite direction. In seyeral cases wages have
been reduced si^ce the camps
closed down for Christmas. The
lumber corporations have no intention of dividing up their good
fortune with those who do the
actual work out ln the lumber
camps.
Even the lumbermen themselves
admit that the outlook for 1926 is
much   better   than   it   has   been.
The drive on Pinchot bega
a Civic Federation banquet in <
York last September when
Hays Hammond, big mining
ator, and chairman of the ral
Harding  Coal   Commission,  u_f
the repeal of the law for the !
pose of breaking the strike.
Who   I>   BILL   HUNGERFORE
Ask Any Labor Han.
STANFORD
ROOMS
863 SETMOUB STBBBT
Housekeeping   and  Transient 1
Central—Terms Moderate
Under  Mew  Management
"Bill" Hongerford and M. Oa:
bridge, Props.
MAINLAND CIGAR STORE
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
310 CARRALL STREET VANCOUVER, B.O.
War puts a strain on human
nature that breaks down the better half of it, and makes the worse
a diabolical virtue. Better for us
if it broke it down altogether, for
then the warlike way out of our
difficulties would be barred to us,
and we should take greater care
not to get Into them.—G. B. Shaw.
RUSSIAN UNIONS' GROWTH
RAPID IN EIGHT YEARS
(Continued  from  page  1)
and Uzbekistan, their membership
ranges from 17 per cent, to over
26 per cent.
The  union  clubs  are  not  only
BRUCE,i
SUIT
SALE
Big reductions, splendi
values. Regular price
$22.50 to $42.50, now--
$15 to $37.6!
C. D. BRUCI
Limited
Oor. Homer and Haitingi St
VANOOUVER, B.O.
that he would recover, but unfor
tunately his sickness got the better of him.   The members of The places of rest and recreatlon- 'rhey
Federated Seafarers express their are "^ educat,ona'1 centres' They
Red Star Drug Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
We Make a Special I.ffi.it to Get Goods Ont by Flnt Mall
Alter iteoolpt of Yonr Order
Corner Cordova and Carrall
Vanoouver, B.O.
sympathy to his relatives. Tho
funeral is being conducted through
the Shipping Master of this port,
(Mr. J. B. Campbell) who will get
in touch  with  his relatives.  The
conduct literary, musical, political,
scientific and technical circles. Besides these circles, the clubs arrange dramatic performances, lectures and concerts, employing out-
late Joe Montero wa« a  native of ^eilent-_™e tlT^-*™*™™
Greece. ; "'   **"    "   """1' ~"
Mall List at Headquarters
Bates, H.; Boland, F.; Boland,
T.; Dobbin, H.; Flynn, M.; Far-
quhar, D.; Hannah, W. T.; Harris,
C; Henderson, C.j Hodson, J.;
Hamilll, B,; Jones, T.; Jones, R. N.;
Knight, J., registered; Knox, A.;
Horn, R.; Latsen, J.; Matthe/ws,
R.; Mumford, T.; Maekay, J.;
McDonald, J.; Miller, J. H.; Smith,
A;
S.;
at (jhefeo club Iperformancea for
one month is 1,495,500 peoplo. The
unions also obtain theater tickets
for their members at greatly reduced rates, and sometimes entirely free.
The Russian trade unions contribute toward the maintsnance of
special technical schools. They
have their representatives on the
sohool  boards,  and  thus take an
active part in directing the work.
Starr, J.; Tovey, J.; Warren, There were 1,223 such schools in
Worrall, Wm. the month of September, 1925.
The Original
HARVEY
Logging Boot
HAND-MADE BOOTS
for
LOGGERS,  MINERS,
CRUISERS and
PROSPECTORS
Quick Seirlet fer Bepairs
AU Work Guaranteed
Cpeelal Atteatloa to Hall Orden
H. Harvey
Established la VaaeosTer la HIT
tS CORDOVA STREET W. lay, January 15, 1926
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Seven
t;
tent Trades Refuse
Scab on Americans
DON.—(FP)—Attempts to
Jritish clothing workers scab
ir American brothers have
snog in the shape of the
Tailors & Garment Work-
Jon. The union has an-
d, through Sam Elsbury,
i, district organizer, that it
erate no wage reductions in
doing work for American
g firma
rlcan clothing bosses have
ly been going further afield
bual in their efforts to get
reach of the union for con-
le work has recently been
be made up in England,
Jarly in London. An attempt
ice wajges in some London
loncerned with thjls work has
the immediate opposition
British union.
Tailors & Garment Workers
Is the largest needle trades
In England. It includes prac-
all needle trades workers,
tailors, cutters, dress-
», hat and cap workers, shirt
ollar workers, flower and
workers in one union.
(9lh (Enrnttrg fiatrar Jfams
The Coal Mining Crisis
(By   A.   J.   Cook,   Secretary,   Miners'   Federation,  Great   Britain)
British Retail Clerks
Secure Hour Reduction
ile Workers to
Get Free Education
DON.—The National Union
ile Workers has arranged an
onal scheme with the Na-
Council of Labour Colleges,
ng free access for the whole
members to all N.C.L.C.
and non-residential day and
nd schools, and also free
londence courses on such
i   as   History,   Economics,
of   the  British  Working
Icohomic Geography, Public
ig, etc '
N.C.L.C. now conducts twen-
unions'    educational
representing a combined
rshlp of over 1.800,000.
Law, and Sail
Vithout Radio Men
>ON.—The strike of ships'
Operators against the wage
pns of $5.60 a month con-
vith unabated energy.
• are now over 800 men out,
number is increasing as
leach  home ports.,
^te of an Act of Parliament,
Oh no ship may go to sea
vith a full completement of
men, 178 ship* have gone
J without  operators, besides
Ithers With inefficient or in-
lit operators,
are   lives endangered  to
profits.
fright arm of Labor is a
i. Add power to this
j subscribing to THE CAN-
|LABOR ADVOCATE.
MNION   OF   POINT   OBEY
TENDERS
tenders addressed to the un-
kgned will be  received  by  the
|up   to   two   o'clock   p.m.,   on
January   21,   1926,   for   con*
sewers    on    the    following
kvenuo,   Angus   stroet*   to  lane,
tGranvllle  street.
venue,   Angus   Btreet   to   lane,
I Granville  street.
Ivenue,   Angus   street,  to  lane,
tGranvllle  street.
venue,   Angus   street   to   lane,
iGranville  atreet.
venue,   Angus   street   to   lane,
IGranville  street.
pnue,  Tomlio  street to  Blanca
Ivenue, Colllngwood street _ to
" of Dunbar street.
fit tender, specifications and
nation may be obtained on
to the Municipal Engineer
kt of tho sum of $5.00 which
leturned on receipt of a bona
ler.
pit by certified cheque of tan
cent, of the amount tendered
'required with each tender as
[hat the tenderer will, if called
ler Into a contract, and provide
■red bond for the performance
Vork.
|west  or  any  tender  not  nee*
accepted.
HENRY  FLOYD,
O.M.C.
Hall,  5861 West Boulevard,
I*, B. 0., Jan. 8,  1926.
T ONDON.—Six million pounds of
'the  coal  subsidy' have   been
spent in three months, so we are
informed,
The figures may convey little:
but they mean a great deal. They
are of first-class Importance for
the Labour movement.
It means that the subsidy is becoming exhausted three or four
months before thie date expected!
So disastrous is the policy of the
British capitalist class that the rate
of expenditure is actually increasing. We have now reached the
point where the state has to subsidise capitalist enterprise!
The whole organized working
class will, before long, be faced
with Red Friday issue—the issue
of supporting the miners against
tho Capitalists, or allowing the
miners to go down and then being
defeated themselves.
No worker today should forget
what Baldwin told my executive
last July:
"Wages in every trade must
come down!"
It is possible that Mr. Baldwin
will still be able to persuade his
followers to agree to another subsidy, but that only puts off the
issue.
The ooalowliers have shown that
they are determined to try and
break us. Sooner or lateir they
will force a fight
The savage attack on the Com-
nvunists, the present persecutions
of the Welsh miners, and the open
government and judicial. support
of the fascisti and kindred bodies
should show us that the ooalowliers have good reason for expecting
the whole of their class to be behind them in that Fight.
Are we prepared? Have we a
policy?
Yes, we have.
Our 'policy for the coal industry
is nationalisation. ~ That is the pol
ley of the Miners' Federation as a
whole, and of the whole organized
trade union  movement.
True, Mr. Hodges, at the Coal
Commission, produced the fearful
and wonderful scheme of a coal
syndicate—an international trust
of the capitalists, which might, as
the "Manchester Guardian" itself
says, "eliminate the worst features
of competition." But it would hot
eliminate the feature of exploitation of the workers! That is what
makes the scheme, unacceptable
for fhe Miners' Federation of Great
Britain.
Tlio Commission is producing evidence that can be used as effective ammunition for their long-
looked-for attack on the wages of
P. & O. Company Sees
Rough Water Ahead
LONDON.—Lord Inchcape came
very near to the Socialist' theory
of the inevitable collapse of capitalism when, at the annual shareholders' meeting of the P. and O.
Company, he said:
"Great Britain cannot rely on
Empire trade, for the Dominons,
as they develop their industries,
will, I fear, offer smaller markets
for Brltjlsh manufactures."
He declared that the past year
had been the worst the shipping
trade had ever experienced, and
added that Labour leaders generally were acting so as to paralyse
trado and throw working men on
the dole.
For the government to subsidize
the industry would aggravate the
present disastrous conditions of the
shipping trade, in which millions of
the people's savings were invented.
In spite of this extremely gloomy
speech, Lord Inchcape had pleasure ln announcing a 10 per Cent.
dividend for tho year.
the dockers, railwaymen and transport workers.
It is well known that these reductions, under the plea of "excessive overhead charges," were suggested to us at the Coal Commission itself by tho other side.
We shall not support proposals
that will reduce the status of other
workers.
Whether the proposal comos
from the employers or from Mr.
Hodges, we miners are not going
to buy our living wage by betraying ourvfellow-workers.
Again, it is quite dear an attack
will be made to lengthen hours.
We miust prepare to meet this onslaught
We will not submit to longer
hours, and internationally we must
reduce the hours of miners in
other countries.
Whiat remedy remains Only for
the Workers to insist that idlers,
parasites, and inefficient methods
shall be driven out of the Industry,
and that the first step to be taken
towards Socialism in our time is
"Nationalisation without compensation" (for mineral royalties),
and, I would add, with workers'
control.
To that end we strive to obtain
a united working-class resistance
to the capitalist attack with a
working-class policy that Will both
defend Our people and afford the
possibilty of reorganizing the industry oh better lines.
LONDON.—(FP)—British retail
clerks have through their Union secured the 48-hour week in place of
60 or 70 hours since the war, together with total wage advances
amounting to $40,000,000 annually,
according to J. R. Leslie, general
secretary of the Shop Assisants'
union. The union has a membership of 35,000. It shares jurisdiction over retail clerks with the National Union of Distributive Workers (membership 90,000), whose
particular field is the huge British
co-operative movement.
Class Hatred Trickles
From British Justice
Another flagrant example of
British (class) justice was shown
at Clevedon, Somerset, when William Hill was charged with assaulting a Labour Party speaker, William Frederick Toynbee. Hill was
convicted of assault and fined $15,
and $5 for advocate's fee.
Toynbee was addressing an open-
air meeting at Clevedon, when Hill
threw him from the platform,
breaking hiis leg.
Witness said that Hill, whentold
of what he had done, said: "I wish
I had broken his neck."
Dr. Renton said that Toynbee
would be crippled for life. •
Thus is the class-war intensified.
Efforts to Reduce
Rail Workers' Wages
LONDON.—The findings of the
National Wages Board were issued
recently.
The Board refused tha-claim of
the railway unions for all-round
Improvements, and new entrants
will receive lower wages and will
continue on the lower scale even
though promoted.
This means that all new entrants
will be paid at basic rates, and will
not receive war bonus or cost-of-
living bonus.
Special conferences to consider
the award wlill be held in January
by the Railway Clerks' Association
and the N. U. R.
Sir Felix Pole, General Manager
of the Great Western Railway,
speaking ait Newport, -Mon., "welcomed the finding of the Board as
a step in the right direction in favour of recruiting new entrants in
adult grades in the railawy service
at rates of wages which were not
to be supplemented by a cost-of-
living bonus."
This means, as a prominent
rank-and-file railway leader pointed out, that the railway companies -
will dispense with the services of
older and skilled men in favour of
the younger men at the lower ratea
of pay, which they hope will cause
dissension.
In other words this is the thin
end of the wedge for a general attack on the railway unlona
Up and down the country there
is bitter feeling amongst the rank
and file against the award.
Don't forget!   Mention the Advocate when buying.
Enslave the liberty of but one
human being and the liberties of
the world aro put in peril.—W.
Lloyd Garrison.
Patronize our advertisers.
British Unions Adopt
Educational Program
LONDON.—-Trade Unions which
now have schemes with the Workers' Educational Trade Union Com.
mittee include the Iron ahd Steel
Trades Confederation, the Union
of Post Office Workers, the Railway Clerks' Association, the Association of Engineering and Shipbuilding Draughtsmen, the National Society of Operative Printers
and Assistants, the Transport and
General Workers' Union, Amalgamated Socdety lf Wiredrawcr*. and
Kindred Workers, Amalgamated
Union of Operative Bakers and
Confectioners and Aliied Workers
of Great Britain and Ireland, National Society of Pottery Workers.
Rail Workers Maintain
Wages and Conditions
LONDON,—(FP)—Brlt)ish railwayman's wages and conditions
will remain practically unchanged,
lf the award of the national wages
board is accepted. The award provides for certain small reductions
in the wages of workers hired
after February, 1926. The companies Wanted cuts totaling $23,000,000
a year to the workers. The demands of the unions for all-round
Improvements, according to the
Iclatms of the employers, would
have cost $200,000,000. The pension scheme proposed by the National Union of Railwaymen has
been ruled outside the sphere of
the board.
ADELAIDE, South Australia.—
(FP)—The Legislative Council
(Upper House) has rejected a
Widows' Pensions Bill,. introduced
by Labor Premier Gunn. Protesting against the action of the Council (composed largely of Tories),
Premier Gunn says he Is not going
to let the matter rest. Widows'
Pensions is an important plank in
the Labor platform, and he Intends
to see that It Is put Into operation.
Those possession' shor't-liv'd   are
Into which we come by war.
Robert Herriot
"MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS AOT."
MUNICIPALITY OF SOUTH VANCOUVER
« TO WIT:
1926 Election bf Councillors and
Board of School Trustees
PUBLIC  NOTIOE  IS  HEREBY GIVEN TO   THE
-ELECTORS-
of the Municipality aforesaid, tbat a POLL has become necessary at the
Election now pending for the same and that I have  granted such Poll,
and further that the Persona duly nominated as Candidates  at the said
Election and for whom only votes will bo received are:
ARMSTRONG,  Edward Lawson, Councillor, 4419 Quebec Street, South
Vancouver,  Sheet  Metal Worker.
COTTRELL, William Harry,   Councillor,   4561 Fraser Stroet,   South Vancouver,  Motorman  B.C.E.R.
GORDON,  Alexander Lorcnza,  Councillor,  3984 Commercial Street,  South
Vancouver,   Tinsmith  and   Plumber
HALL*   Dflvld,   Councillor,   244—45 th   Avenuo   East,    South   Vancouver,
Advertising  Signs,
RANKIN,   John,   Councillor,   735—27th   Avenue   East.   South Vancouver,
Printer.
ROBINSON, LiUie, Councillor, 221  Slocan Streot.  South Vancouvor, Married Woman. ,
SMITH, James Garfield, Councillor, 1931—30th Avenuo East. South Vancouver,  Carpenter,
THOMPSON,  Robert Worthy,  Councillor,  4596 James Street,  South Vancouver, Builder.
WOOD,   Walter,  Councillor,   7038  Berkley  Road,   South  Vancouver,  Furniture Dealer.
BRENTWOOD,   Mary   Alice,    School   Trustee,   105—61st   Avenue   East,
South  Vancouver,  Married Woman.
BROOKS, Thomas, School Trustee. 6810 Ontario Street. South Vancouver,
Merchant, . - ,
BROWNE, Lynn,  School Trustee, 6926 Nanaimo Street,  South Vancouvor,
Publisher, ., _/__..»
DINGLE,   John   Wedlake,   School   Trustee.   2057   Kingsway,   South  Vancouver,  Retired. '_   _ '   _
HURRY,   Alfred   School  Trustee,   861—34th   Avonuo   East,   Sonth   Vancouver,  Plasterer. _•■*_'_•_*.
MATTHEWS,   Annie,   School  Trustee,   5111   Margate   Streot,   South  Vancouver,  Housewife. ■ ■ _      . .
RAMSAY, Walter John  Ernest,  School Trustee,   150—55th  Avenuo East,
South Vancouver, Carpenter. *.        ■
WATERS,  Evelyn,  School Trustee,   1924—37th Avenuo  East,  South Vancouver,   Married Woman.
Said Poll will be opened on SATURDAY, tho 16th day of January, 1926,
from   8   a.m.  to   8  p.m.,   at  tho  following  General   Polling Booths:
CARLETON HALL, Joyce Road.
LORD SELKIRK SCHOOLHOUSE, 22nd Avenue.
SECORD SCHOOLHOUSE, Olst nnd Victoria Road.
OLD SCHOOLHOUSE, Main Street and 27th Avenne.
TECUMSEH SCHOOLHOUSE, 43rd Avenue and Victoria Bd.
MUNICIPAL HALL, 43rd and Fraser Street.
HALL, Oor. Main Street and 53rd Avenue.
MOBEKLY ANNEX SCHOOL, Fraser Street and Marine Drive.
McBRIDE SOHOOL, 29th Avenue and Cullodcn Street.
NORQUAY SCHOOL, Euclid Avenue and Slocan Street.
All   in   the   Municipality   of   South   Vancouver,   of  which   every   porson
is hereby required to take notice and govern himself accordingly.
Given under my hand, at South Vancouver, this  llth day ol January,
1928- WM. T. RILEY,  Municipal Clerk.
Thero are three Councillors to elect for a period of two years.
There are throe School Trustees to eloct. *     *     .
A vote will bo taken on Two Money Bylaws, one for the Erection of
a Technical High School and one for an Addition to Moberly School.
The   election   of  Councillors,   and   Board   of   School   Trustees   will   he
held under the Proportional Representation System of Voting.
WM. T. RILEY,  Municipal Clerk.
■  31
if
f ■
.  -i
1 II Page Eight
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Friday, January 15, 192
OUR OPEN FORUM
Immigration
Readers of The Labor Advocate ara
invited to send in letters for publication in our "Open Forum." Thia is
a "free for all." No communications
will be censored so long aa writers
refrain from Indulging ln personalities. Letters should not exceed 250
words. The management of The Advocate assumes no responsibility for
opinions expressed in this space.
FORUM MEETINGS
A. RARE SIGHT
4354 12th Ave. West.
Editor Labor Advocate:
As one; who is keenly interested
in the meetings held on Sunday
evenings in the Royal Theatre, may
I crave space in your paper for a
suggestion which I think would be
of value If earied out.
THHE LONDON TIMES of Decem-
•*• ber 23rd, 1925, carries an editorial which damns with faint
praise the agreement between the
transportation companies, ajid the
British and Canadian governemnts,
in reference to the new emigration
scheme. It says in part: "The
shipping companies deserve a share
of the praise for their patriotic
co-operation  in  what,   for, all  its
Drawings of Struggle
(By Esther Lowell, Federated  Press)
AT    A   SOCIAL   gathering   the      I presume the chief reason for future possibiUties towards the In*
•n- other day, I saw fourteen dif-  these meetings is educational. Then crease    ln    trans-Atlantic    trade,
ferent   nationalities   intermingling  they must be made interesting. To must  remaln for the moment an
freely.   I have sen various cosmo-  be interesting they must" be   pro- experiment."
politan    gatherings    in   ' different vocative.   To be provocative, they T   Hke   *.pa,tri0ti0  co-operation."
pa*ts  of  the  world,   but  I  have  must allow the free expression of ls ,t patrlotio co_operation to lure
never seen such an atmosphere of  others, in addition to the regular with misieadlng advertisements the
sincere cordiality before.                   speaker.   I would suggest that the workers of Great Britain to Can-
The  gathering was  unique  be-  speaker be strictly limited to time ada> where, every winter, the un-
cause most oi the people behaved   so   as   to  allow   more   discussion, employed problem is as bad if not
naturally.    There was  no  chance   except   in  the   case   of  a  special worse than  in the  British   Isles?
speaker like Scott Near'ng, w^om
we all wish to hear for the whole
period.
Thein  the  chairman  should an
at  the same time, too anxious to  nounce the speaker ftir the follow-
impress upon her listener the fact  ing Sunday and his subject. This and    tl_ese   oompanies    pull   the
that she is in a class by herself,  would give a full wek for anyone strings which actuate  the  parlia-
The general topic was how to pro-  to look up the  subject and to be mentary puppets who  represent—
mote   leliowship   among   nations,  in a position to judge of the pros or shouid j say mis-represent the
Some   talked   about   music,   some  and cons of that particular subject peopie, jn the government of Can
tor social acting—no society matron telling how much she spent
on her daughter's "Coming out"
party, in an easy nonchalant way,
This "patriotic co-operation"
"with its future possibilites of
trans-Atlantic trade" will pat millions of dollars into the coffers of
the rail and steamship companies,
about literature, some young ladies as outlined by the speaker. At
even talked about love for a little Present we are often ignorant as
while—>that  is  natural   too,   since
love is a fascinating subject to
discuss—and some talked rubbish,
as we' all do, most of the time.
But   the thing that impressed me
ada.
The British government will also
be relieved to shift part of its
unemployed burden on to the
shoulders of Canada. The Vancouver Star says:    "The* question
to   what the subject will be, and
one   has  to   depend   on   memory,
which  is not always satisfactory.
As this is supposed to be an "Open
Forum," lot us try to make it of unemployment Is not a local one
most, was the fact that everyone in marked contrast to the "Open in any part of the British Empire,
was so congenial and natural, that "Open (?) Forum" of some chuvchsIt ls a widespread evil and no-
snobbishness, hatred and prejudice or another. thlng is to ,be galned by the shift-
were discarded, for a short while, Trusting that the committee re- ing of a body of workers from one
at least, It was a gathering of sponsible will give this their con- part of the Dominions to another,
the children of the soil—it should slderation, and that these meet-
have been held in one of the many  ings  will continue to-interest and
educate. JACK CHAPPLE.
beautiful spots of British Columbia, on a midsummer's night.
I was told that this social was
arranged by an infant organization
known as the International Club
of Vancouver. I wish the Club
success. Good luck to you, the
drean.ers ot the City of Vancouver.
May the organization become a
real ilve body and do its share
for humanity.
MILITARY DOLES
Editor Labor Advocate:
May I point out some grave errors which appeared ln the Editor's
note to J. E.'s letter, in your issue
of January 1st.
Lord Beatty  and Haig received
Great Britain is unable to find
work for a great many of her city
bred population. Canada Is certainly in no better position to
supply these with  employment."
Stress Is being laid on the point
that agricultural workers are to be
given the preference, but that has
always been the policy in the past.
Every prospective city-bred emigrant registers as an agricultural
worker for the purpose of entering   Canada.    Shortly   after  their
in August 1919 a grant of £100,000
I  came away from  the  unique  resPectively for war services, and entry most of them wU1 be found
spectacle    inspired    and   a   little
hopeful for the future.
AN ORIENTAL
In the cities seeking employment
in the already glutted Industrial
occupations.    To talk  of agricul-
Don't forget!    Mention the Advocate when buying.
not £500,000 as the Editor stated.
Admiral Jellicoe received £50,000.
Again, Field Marshall's French and
Wilson are both  dead, the former ^^T^1-^^-^:
dying   in   Deal   Oaatle   laslt  year,
while the latter was assassinated
J. J.  EFPOED
Severe
Case of
Piles
Cured by
Dr.
Totten
Mr. Efford ls a grocer of this
city, at 2250 Cambie St., and
a resident cf Vancouver for a
number of years.
At his highly-equipped Cardero
Street sanitarium Dr. J. I,.
Totten K]*<!cdily and completely
hcalid me of a severe case of
bleeding and protruding piles,
from, which I suffered daily for
ten years.
A remarkable feature of the
cure is there was absolutely no
pain, no bleeding and no surgery, about the treatment.
Judging by my own desire tor
help, which I sought almost
daily' in vain, I cheerfully and
voluntarily make this statement
for pub'lcati n, trusting it may
be of value to others.
Dr. Totten, to my mind, has
exceptional skill, and I feel t
should give to my unqualified
endorsement of his wbrk the
widest clrcula'ion. .
Anyone wishing to verify this
statement may do so by calling
me at* Fnir. 2037L. Anyone
suffering with pitef** and wishnm
to consult Dr. Totten will find
tho Sanitarium at 1315 Carder
Street, IV. block*, south of
Davie. Tp.'te <*i*hc*r Davie or
RoVon street cars (No, 2 or
No.   5)   to   Cardero,
JO. til J/_M_BS EEFOBD
65? 'If ith Avenuo East
Vancouvor, B.C.
ouflage.    Canada is steadily losing
her    population—through • unem**
b'yYrish"fan~at"fcs i^EaTon'squar'e", ^y™n*~?°   th*   Unite>   S***™'
TVTEW YORK.— Workers who
think that art is apart from
their dally labor and life because
so few artists choose them as subjects are being pleasantly surprised by the New York Civic Club
exhibition of Kathe Kollwitz drawings. This German woman artist,
now 58 yean; old but unaffected
by official honors paid her, lives
among the workers of North Berlin where for 85 years she and
her physician husband havei served those who labor.
The Weavers' Revolt, a series of
etchings, shows the starving, dying, oppressed weavers, their planning action, their steady plodding
march to the iron gates of their
employer's estate, their attack and
the end where wounded and dead
workers are being brought into
the bare loom room of one of their
homes. It is the graphic story of
working people's first strikes, almost uriguided rebellious outbreaks
The Peasants' Rebellion Is a group
which reaches even further back
into workers' history. The 16th
century struggle of the land laborers rebelling against their work
as beasts in the fields, harnessed
to plows as horses would be. They
are finally chained together brutally until those who came after
them through the centuries gradually organized more effectively
and won slowly better conditions.
The war cycle of wood blocks
shows no battlefield but rather
the wasting effect of war on working women and children. Bread is
a haunting drawing of two tiny
children clutching the siklrts of
their mother in dismay. Unemployment depicts the worker staring dumbly into space when he
has come home to a wife sick in
bed with three babes tumbled
about in the covers. The struggle
between Death, the Woman .and
the Child ls another unforgettable
powerful drawing. All the too
Patient, too long suffering, too
hard working men and women
and women whose portraits hang
wihere another artist would have
lovely ladies and gentlemen of
leisure!
It is no wonder that Louise Diel,
who brought the Kollwitz drawings   from  Berlin   to  New  York,
found little response for the
tures  on the trans-Atlantic  1|
The  upper  deck  passengers
travel on incomes from these
suffering workers of the drawl
could  not bear to look uponj
havoc of their profits.    They^
Kollwitz the artist of miserys
turn hurriedly away to their
games and dancing.
Workers  all   over  the  coul
will clamor for a  chance toj
these   inspiring   drawings  if
know their fare opportunity.
Patronize our advertisers.
University Students
Boost Labor Movent!
NE\V   YORK.—(FP)—The
lege  strikebreaker   today   haa!
face the opposition of live studT
groups   who   are    for   the   la
movement.    This at least is
in    some    universities.      It
brought out in the eager dis(J
sions at the two-day annual
ference of the League for Ind
trial Democracy.
The students' attitude came
strongly at a session where sd
one suggested that socially miri
college students should prepar
go Into corporation personell
after graduation. Another sptj
er sat hard on this to the jojj
students. They O. K.'d the sti
ment that personell work is for |
boss not labor.
Recognition   of   Soviet   Rus.
Justice for Richard Ford, I. WJ
strike leader facing th© gallowl
California; praise for the edltol
the Campus, College of the Gltl
New   York   editor   who   opp<]
compulsory military training
the    demand    that   college
should gather up and send c)J
ing to striking workers when
trade  unions  made appeals
supported  In  unanimously  pa
resolutions.
Subjects of discusson ra
from "Social Thinking in Our !
leges" to "Collegians In the
Struggle." "Students in Indus
and "Labor on Imperialism.'
Send in your subscription to
London, about 1920; so these
gentlemen do not receive a yearly
grant.
Lord French received £50,000;
Field Marshall's Robertson and
Wilson £10,000 each. Lord Byng
was granted £30,000 with Lord
Rawlinson, who died while Commander-in-Chief in India, last year.
These figures can be verified in
the "Daily Mail" Year Book, 1925.
Surely we should not be too hard
on these "honored" gentlemen, who
only did what they thought was
their duty, R.W.N.
EDITOR'S NOTE.—If our esteemed correspondent had perused
the item in question a little more
carefully he would have discovered
that the figures given in our January 1st Issue were dollars, while
those he quotes are pounds, hence
the difference.
The fact that some of these national paupers aro dead is beside
the question. A large number of
rank and fillers who lost a leg
in the war, and were "rewarded"
with, a pension of less than $6 per
week,  are also  dead,  but unlike
The U. S. forsees the result of this
efhigration scheme, and is meditating on the advisability of closing
the Canadian back door by applying the quota system to Canada.
Th© transportation companies
will benefit by the immigration
scheme in railroad and steamship
fares. The capitalists will also
benefit, as the immigrant Who is
attracted by cheap fares has but
little money in his possession, and
will immediately be thrown Into
competition for employment with
the workers of Canada. This, in
the eyes of the capitalist, is a
most desirable state of things, as
it will help to cut down wages, and
lower the standard of living in
Canada.
If the true facts as to conditions
in Canada were placed before the
prospective emigrant, in the British Isles, he would hesitate to
change his present economic condition for a condition equally bad
In a strange country. The "Times"
in the concluding paragraph, plainly shows its scepticism when it
says: "The best way of giving the
(■intended) settler the information
Long Range Radio Sets,
Complete with all Accessories, including Storage "A"j
and Storage "B" Batteries.    Beal Bargain
$30.00
$5.00  Cash,  $2.00  Weekly
Listen in on Los Angeles, Oakland, San Francisco, Portland.J
Seattle, Calgary, etc.
GUARANTEED
THE ELECTRIC SHOP, LTD.
32 Hastings Street East, Vancouver, B. C.
Phone Sey. 486
i?.««oi, Ttm ,_    .* he wants, is not by speculating on
French, Wilson or Rawlinson, thev „u~.    ,**i, ,    .        T _<_    _ f
ai*a **    __. ...   * what mi'pht be done in the future,
filed aa a result of war wounds and  u _ _.      .   , .   .
». *-.  ^..,,h „<> ai ™ounaB ana  w by p]acinr? on re00ra the hard
as a result of diseases brought on %_,„.* „v „.. ltA _ _,
,i,„„rt ... ,    . ,., _ facts about the men  and women
through malnutrition. Those who „t„ ,.„„„ _ . . „ *, , _
.„,„h( „_„. ..  .    .. , „   , who have gone before."       J.A.B.
fought 'got it ln the neck," those	
who didn't fierht reaped a fortune.
No one is trying to be "hard on      S^nd In vour subscrlnttoTi tndav
these honored gentlemen." Doubt- '       '        *
less, acoord'nor to all the ethical and despoils the . impoverished
codes of the present social  order mam'
they were entitled to their "thirty Come ae-atti R. W. N.. we have
pieces of siiver." We sImt,lv URea a Dartie„tar fondness -for "kickers,"
them as an illustration of how ea.pl but see that your wires are not
itahsm pampers m enriched few crossed.   	
Men s s°ud Leathe1,
Work Boots
$3.
9!
Black or Tan.  With or without Toe Cap. W
guarantee these "the best values you can buy!
COME AND SEE THEM.    We won't won
you about buying.
Boy's Everyday Boots, $2.75
HURLER'S SHOE STOR]
(The Best for Less)
163 HASTINGS ST. E.       (Almost Opposite the Librar;

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