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The Canadian Labor Advocate Dec 11, 1925

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Array THE CANADIAN
ABOR ADVOCATE
With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
eventeenth Year.   No. 50
VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY MORNING, DEC. 11, 1925
Eight Pages.
5c A COPY
.abor
f£
iampaign of Education
In Co-operation Urged
MONTREAL. — The   executive
STficers  of   the   Montreal   Trades
wuncii are of the opinion that the
orkers of this town are not yet
ufflciently alive to their own Interests to  support a co-operative
Jakery.    At a recent meeting of
'ne Council the question of estab-
| shing such a bakery was referred
the executive, who have since
rought in the following report;
."Recognizing the great success
|chieved by the co-operative movement throughout Europe, your Ex-
Icutlve give this question serious
joinsideration.   It was felt that the
establishment   of   a   Co-operative
Bakery  In  the  City  of  Montreal
pould not be otherwise than beneficial both as a means of combating the bread merger, but also as
means of eliminating economic
[vaste.
"Your Committee, however, feel
hat due to various causes, as duality of languages, apathy, etc., con-
liderable    propaganda    must    be
bade to Initiate the workers Jo the
lenefits of co-operation before a
successful    movement * could    bs
launched; we would therefore reo-
timend that' the Bakers' Union he
JTrged to continue their efforts to
the end that greater interest to develop with the ultimate view of the
e-establishment of the Co-operative Bakery."
Rap Government Lawmakers
,    :  "' ~/$. —————
Brass Check Press Maintains Discrer1 Silence       Bankers Are Warned
^/ICTORIA,    Bi    C—The    dally
V
press maintains a stifling si
lence on the activities of the Labor members of the Provincial
Legislature, but because ot this* it
should not be thought thnt they
are inactive. On the contrary this
silence is kept up because the-capitalist press Is* afraid to-print the
speeches of these men.
In opening his reply to the
speech from the throne, R. H.
Neelands; Labor -member for South
Vancouver said:
"In speaking to the address In
reply to the speech from the throne
I may say that we In this corner
of the House find little to bring
comfort to the great mass of the
people of' the province; not a word
to indicate thlat tho quesion of
unemployment was to be given the
slightest consideration; not a word
suggesting any improvement in
the (administration of the Workmen's Compensation Act; nothing
suggesting any extension of benefits "through the Mother's Pension
Aot. The major portion of the
whole, speech seemed to indicate
that the exploiters of the.natural
resources of the Province were the
only ones to whom, was held' out
any ray of hope."
Dealing with the prosperity, that
members of the government alleged would flow from decreased
freight rates, the speaker pointed
out that if reduced freight rates
was the precursor of prosperity
then it should be found in tho
East, where this problem did not
obtain, but this was far from being the case.
In dealing with the over-expenditure of monies in connection
with the Unliversity, the Labor
members attacked .the system of
letting work of this nature out by
contract. They quoted the instance of the Sewerage Board, as
well as other cases, to show that
am actual saving was made by having public works done hy day labor, the government in every case
saving the ajnount that went to
the contractors for profits. They
showed that it was needless for
the Conservatives tp oritlicize, because under their administration
a like, or even worse state of affairs existed. There was nothing
to indicate that either side was
better than the other. Both aides
supported the same inerests, and
now in the Old Land they had
found it expedient to combine their
forces in order to maintain supremacy.
Dealing with excessive expendi
ture o .oney for campaign purposes the Labor members pointed
out that they were prepared to give
an itemized statement of where
their cam'palgn funds came from
To Watch Their Step
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON. — Warning   of
and how it was spent, and chal- dangers in the stock-gambling mad-
lenged  members  of  the  two  old ness which American business has
parties to make a like offer. been  pursuing  In  recent months
Dealing with war the Labor has been voiced by A, C. Miller, of
members pointed out that much the federal reserve board. The press
of the history of the last war re- of the country, whioh eagerly
mjined unwritten. Nothing was Prints optimistic predictions as to
being said about profiteering, and the continuance of this significant
the fabulous riches reaped by the message. Correspondents of Euro-
employing class from the fratri- Pean papers, however, have taken
cide. But the returned soldiers— note of It. They believe the Cool-
the men who did the actual fight-  Wge administration has begun to
Ing—were reduced to such a level
of dire poverty that advertisements
were being placed in the: dally pa-
see the economic skies clouding.
The  warning was carried from
Secretary Mellon in Washington to
school Superintendent
Bullies Lady Teacher
CHICAGO—Nothing   seems   too
Email for Wm. McAndrew, Chlca-
\o's factory-type superintendent of
-.ucatlon,    When the joint com-
nltee on school affairs, represent-
ng  26   Important  civic organ, za-
lions in the city wanted to hear
jbout the teachers council dispuo
Invited McAndrew to present his
fcide and asked Mrs. Florence Han-
pon, president Federation of Women's  High  School   Teachers   of
Chicago, to present the teachers'
lease,   McAndrew had abolished the
bouncils and substituted a sort of
company union which the teachers
are strongly attacking.
To be sure of winning his case
IcAndraw first forbade Mrs. Han-
Son to leave her Bchool room for
pie affair.    So she wrote out her
ppeech to be read.    Then he requested a copy of her speech shying he wanted it for the press. Finally he wrote his speech on the
basis of her argument and when
rivited by the joint committee to
Epeak first he replied in advance
to the points made by the teachers'
fepresentatlve which were still to
read by her deputy.   Such attention  to  details  spells  success,
tlcAndrew seems to belieive.
Anise To Speak Twice
In Royal On Sunday
Miss Anna Louise Strong (Anise), who h|as just |re)turned to
America from Soviet Russia, will
speak at two meetings in the Royal
Theatre on Sunday next.
In the afternoon at 2:30, Miss
Strong will lecture on: "What's
New About Ru89.jp,, Manchuria,
China and Japan". In .the evening at 8 p. m. her subject will be:
"My Four Years in RussSa; or
Russia Today."
The meetings are being held under the auspices of the Canadian
Labor Party, and a packed house
is expected at each meeting. Doors
open 30' minutes before the meeting starts,
Labor M.L.A. Sponsors
Old-Age Pension Bill
persv asking for donations of old the money-lending centre in Boston
clothes for these destitute cripples, rather than to the speculative cen
In observing the two minutes si- tre in New York. Mellon, through
lence on Armistice Day, members Miller, was not warning the reckon the opposition benches—both less but the cautious. He was hint-
Liberals and Conservatives—should ing that an industrial deflation
take a few of these facts into con- might be necessary and the money
sideration; and when history books lenders should not let themselves
for schools were decided upon, it be caught unprepared. The agrl-
should not be histories which glor- cultural deflation of 1920-22 did
ified human slaughter. catch many of the land mortgage
— ■  companies so  that  they  are  still
To know what is just, amd not holding a great acreage of abandoned farms in the northwest If
factories are over-expanded and
must be deflated, Mellon will not
like the bankers to be found holding the sack.
to practice it is cowardice.—Confucius.
Ex-Soldier Gets Cold
Shoulder in Montreal
HARTFORD, Conn. — Women
high school' teachers of Hartford,
[Conn., are demanding that they be
[paid the same wages as men for
fthe same work. The women
Keachers ask a uniform wage scale
' instead of the present one, with a
I differential of $300 to $450 yearly
. between men's apd women's
{"wages for teaching the same
course.
Montreal Merchants
Inaugurate Skin Game
MONTREAL.—A new scheme to
get the workers to Increase their
purchases has been devised by the
merchants of this city. The system, which is popularly known as
"snowballing," operates as follows:
Victim number que buys a card
from a friend for $1, after which
he proceeds to the store issuing
the cards, registers his name, and
obtains three more cards, for
which he pays a further $3. He
sells these three cards at $1 each to
another three victims, who in turn
go and register,, and buy three
more cards each. That completed,
the first victim can then claim certain articles in the store.
The Montreal Trades Council
has denounced the scheme as a
swindle, and at a recent meeting
sent a protest to the Provincial
Attorney-General, demanding that
he take Immediate steps to stop
the practice.
VICTORIA, B. C—The Dominion Government will not be enabled
to "pass the buck" when next it
deals with old age pensions, if R.
H. Neelands, Labor M. L. A. for
South Vancouver, can prevent it.
Mr. Neelands recently moved the
following resolution in the Legislature:
"Whereaa at it 1924 session this
Legislature unanimously went on
record as approving thei principle
of old age pensions, and as being in
favor of the Dominion Government
enacting legislation which will
bring the same, into effect at an
early date:
And whereas the Dominion Government has expressed its willingness to co-operate with the provinces in establishing an old age
pension scheme:
Therefore be Kt resolved that
this House reaffirms its decision of
last year, that the necessary steps
be taken to formulate some plan,
in conjunction with the Dominion
Government, to provide old age
pensions, and that the other Provinces of the Dominion be requested
to take similar action."
MONTREAL. -— When unemployed ex-soldiers were forming
parades and storming restaurants,
the Montreal pewspapers discovered a plan to help the men whose
wounds made them unfit for hard
labor. They collected funds to
build little street stands, from
which the disabled could sell newspapers and magazines. The street
corners blossomed with red boxes.
A lot of old newsvendors, unable
to meet the competition, went to
the poorhouse. Recently, the city
council, at demand of the book
stores, forbade the sale of maga- Negro,
Exclusion of Negro
Student Stirs College
YELLOW SPRINGS, O.—Pricking the balloon of Antloch College's alleged Ideals is $he sport
enjoyed by contributors to "The
Blaze," the campus student publication. The exclusion by the
authorities of "a young man of
superior intelligence, culture and
refinement, well above the Antloch
standard in every respect," set off
the fireworks. President Morgan
kept hlm_put because he was a
zlnes on the streets, The newspapers did not rally to the defense
of the disabled.
Local Unions Same As
Open Shop, Say Bosses color
The undergraduates start off
their current "Blaze" by printing
the statement of Horace Mann,
founder of the college, who said ln
1853: "Antloch college shall stand
always a place where neither sex,
itior creed shall ever bar
young people from an education."
"Ideals When They Hurt," is the
put
Highlights on This
Week's News
CALGARY,   Alta,—According  to
the   "Calgary  Albertan"*'   the   ad- caption   the   student   editors
vent of the I. W. W. among the over tho quotation,
miners of the Red Deer Valley ls —
not without Its- bright side.
Commenting °*on the present
strike which has tied, up the mines
at Wayne, and partially dislocated
tho smooth running, of mines in
nearby places, this.'>.j6urnal states:
"Constitutionally   speaking   the
Teachers' Union Renews
Fight For Wage Raise
NEW YORK.—New York teachers will find the Teachers' U|Uion
,, ,    .        ,.   ,    ,     leading the renewed fight for In-
operators would be in oiMr in de- creased wage_ by ^ .    ,aIatlon
Glaring the miners all ou   of a job Thp New yQT]_ t^ch___ ^
CANADIAN                Page \   T         T^           1       °'" sorely     disappointed     when     the
Labor Membera Rap Government     g_ -Santoatlon was broken up the pres-  board of e_tjmate dropped ^
Labor SponBors Old-Age Pensions....     1 ent   local   organizations   are   not 7flft nnn   _.,,,   ,      ..      ,.,,*-..   »„_
Co-op.  Education in Montreal      I much  different   tn  tho   nnen   shnn   '""',         PUt    ln    tn0    Du«8et    ror
AMERICAN dlffeient  to the  open  shop teaoherB.    wage    lncrea8eg.      The
Bankers Warned of Coming Crisis.... 1 arrangement.                                          Teachers' Union urges teachers to
Sailors Conscripted at Sea  2 Evidently the mine bosses know ,,„,,,, v,„i,inj ,u„ T„,n( c.,„.„ /-,„,-.
Bankers Told Fascism May Fall  6 .  t.h,„_ nr t-n                                     ral'y behind tho Joint Salary Com-
BBITISH S or * V0, mittee  which   is  working  out  re-
Bosses | Attack Labor Party  7                                     riaed  schedules for the Ricca bill
CMierrencenDMlsl_n -K'-kw'ZZ 7 WaBes ar6 not drawn (rom caP"  whlch  P™*°*t  'he  last  legislature
FOREIGN 'tal; they are ln reality drawn from only to be vetoed by Governor Al
Bombay  Strikers Victorious  a the product of the labor for which Smith   o,n   the   ground   that   city
Education In* Soviet Union  8 ..                    ..     _._          _                           ..     ,~!'
Polish Officials Loot Treasury  8 they are paid.—Henry George.         authorities should act.
_____ Page 1? wo
TBE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, December 11, 1925
CO-OPERATIVES
IN ACTION
Sailors Conscripted at Sea
jVTEW YORK, Nov. 27.—Memories
of the press gangs of the British navy are faintly evoked by
the stories told by the shipwrecked
sailors bf the Norwegian tramp
steamer  Elven  of  the  way they
(Co-operative News  Service)
SHAREHOLDERS  GET  16%
Consumers of Farmington, 111.,
will not be1 held Up by a combination of dealers to fix prices.   That
much is assured by the Farmnlgton were conscripted to work (by the
Rochdale Co-operative Society. In captain  of  the  j^^^j, TraQer,
the last three months it has turned their reseuer-
over a saving of $4,000 to its members on a business of $25,000. This
is a return of 16% which would
otherwise have gone Into the pockets of private dealers.    Under cooperation,   it  is  refunded   to   the
pockets of the consumers.
It happened a. thousand miles
from New York, the Elven had
ventured her little hulk into a hurricane in answer to an S. O. S.
from the Italian freighter Ignazdo
Florio. She found the Italians being  taken   aboard   the  President
Not only do the co-operators Hardlngi a huge uner> g^te ln the
save, but the entire town benefits _tom But the mUe Blven*s ven-
by the fact that the co-op. store, ture ]nt0 the hurj.icarle praved
handling general lines of merchan- fatal. Turning abou(. she bucked
dise, prevents private store keep- head winds for three days till giant
ers from raising prices. Mas    fouled    her   ateering   geari
The fact that this store has been smashed her life boats, swept away
operating for ten and a half years the bridge and left her a helpless
leaves no room for doubt as to hulk. She drifted, sinking slow-
the. practicability of Rochdale co- iy, as the crew manned the hand
operation fgr American workers if pumps,
they will  but  inform  themselves Compulsory Labor
Rochdale success. In Illindis No one had ^^ (or 48 hours
towns and cities 80 co-operative but the storm was over when the
stores are now serving the needs Am6rlcan Tradefi a Yankee fisher
of working people. steamer, came abaft and took off
the crew.   No one was fit to work,
BEN SMITH ON CO-OPERATION still less so, as few were given fresh
Cooperation received high praise clothing—they had been able to
from Ben Smith, fraternal delegate take nothing away—but the captain
from the British Trade Union Con- of the American Trader, a certain
gress to the recent A. F. of L. con- Hubbard C. Fish, ordered them to
ventlon lin Atlantic City. In his ad- turn to, all except the officers and
dress reviewing the conditions of wireless men.
the British trade union movement, Some of the men refused and
Smith said: ■    ■
"We believe just as you do, that
the first' plank In our movement
is the great trade union movement
in Great Britain, and the second
movement, numbering 4,000,000
people, with a turn over of $2,500,-
000 a year."
Smith thus rated the co-operative movement above even the Brit-
Hubbard threatened that unless
they complied he would do his
best to Influence the Norwegian
authorities to stop payment of the
450 crowns shipwreck benefit due
according to Norwegian law.
Union seamen of New York,
when the ship came in, said they
had never heard of distressed mariners being treated in that fashion
—toeing conscripted and kept at
work for a thousand miles till the
boat tied up to the pier. The storm
was over when the rescue came and
no emergency existed.
Held Like Chattel Slaves.
Two other stories tell of the use
of padlocked forecastles and chain
lockers as jails, in New York harbor, in defiance of the immigration
laws. The first relates to the/ S.
S. Cedric, White Star liner. Thirty
sailors who had taken part ln the
recent British strike against the
one-pound wage cut were shipped
out of England, at the end of the
strike, because their services were
needed, but penalized toy jailing in
New York, under guard.
The other case Ib of three Italian
seamen on the S. S. Handicap, a
Norwegian boat, dn from a Spanish
port. These men were, imprisoned
in the chain locker, under guard,
on the theory that they might desert, though the immigration law
supposedly protects seamen in a
long period of shore leave and does
not compel them to return on the
same shi£. The cajptain feared he
would have to ship ont other men
at a higher rate.
Quensland Government
Insurance Saves Cash
By W. FRANCIS AHERN.
BRISBANE, Australia. -— The
state insurance department, Instituted by the Labor government of
ish Labor Party which has also Queensland nine years ago amply
been of incalculable value to the  demonstrates that  state-controlled
workers of that country.
insurance ls more advantageous to
the people than the private insurance system.
Insurance   statistics   show   that
under the private system in Aus-
CO-OPERATTVE EXCHANGE
On the Lower Rio Grande valley
in  Texas  as   well  as  in   Florida,
members of the Farm-Labor Union  P*-*«. out °f every $500 secured in
are already sending in winter pro-  Premiums only $170 is paid back
in claims.   The other $330 goes in
expenses   and   dividends.     Under
duce to the Farmer-Labor Exchange in Chicago. This successful medium  between  co-operative  state   insurance   as   operating   ft
farmers and co-operative consum
ers is marketing carloads of vege
tables and fruits, returning better  J" for exPense,s; , And even from
Queensland every $500 received in
premiums  is paid  in claims,  less
than going prices to the producers
while giving the consumers the
benefit of co-operative economies.
$85 a huge profit is made.
Since the state insurance office
opened, its premiums for fire in-
The Exchange   is  also  marketing  siu-ance  have  been  cut  20  to  33
carloads of union coal at $2.60 to  Per oent* whlle Premiums for life
$3 a ton plus freight charges.
insurance   have   been*, lowered   25
per cent.    And yet, despite these
nr<WTA-\ITm<RIAN  CO-OP        wholesale reductions, the state in-
RLSSIA-AUSlRIAJi   CO-OP.        surance o£fice shows ft profJt aver.
The workers of Austria and Rus- aglng $250,000 a year. The total
sia have clasped hands in co-oper- proflts to, date are over $2,000,000.
atlve friendship through the agen- The lowering of premium rates by
cy of "Ratao," the Austro-Russian the state office has forced the prt-
intermedlary between the gigantic v-ate companies to also lower their
co-op.   movements  of  both  coun-  rates.
tries. Austrian co-operative tex- As regards workmen's compen-
tiles are going to Russia* in ex- BatloI1( the state lnguranCe offlce
change for Russian grain and eggs, hag ,ncrea8ed the rates payable to
handled through the farmers' co- parUaiiy disabled and totally dls-
operatives to satisfy the needs of abled men neal.ly 100 per centj
Vienna's workers. whiie the amoupt payable in ease
_ of death has been inoreased 50 per
TEXAS LABOR BANK cent above the rates paid by the
Labor banking penetrated Into a private companies. Tb* premiums
great section whore its influence are also lower. It pays all corn-
has not hitherto been felt when Pensatlon claims promptly and
tho Houston, Texas, Labor Bank without demur. Out of over 60,-
and Trust Co. formally opened its 00° compensation claims settled
doors for business Nov. 16. The b>' the Queensland Insurance Of-
new Institution, financed and char- flce. only four were contested by
tered by prominent trade unionists  dissatisfied claimants,
of the Lone Star State, will serve —'■ * ~"~
the needs of 15,000 members of the (By Federated Press.-)
labor movement In addition to pro- gAN FRANCISCO, — Eleven
vidlng general banking service to union workers in the brass foundry
the. entire city. and machine works of M. Green-
1  berg's Sons have walked out, die-
Man is the only animal that manding that the-closed shop be
constructs a cage for his neighbor Instituted by the concern which em-
and puts him In It. To punish by ploys 60 men In all. The strike-
Imprisonment involving torture in breaking Industrial Association
eery conceivable form ls a most supplied 11 nonunion substitutes,
tragic phase ln the annals of man- and the rest of the union men will
kind.—Eugene Delw. probably strike in protest.
Bomb Plots of Chicago
Employers Causes Stir
By CARL HAESSLER.
CHICAGO.—The air in Chicago
is full of bombs, but the resposibil-
ity for them, as uncovered so far
by the state's attorney's office, lies
almost•" exclusively with employer
associations and their agqnts.
Labor unions are practically unscathed ,much to the disgust of the
police and the newspapers.
The papers make queer reading
in their efforts to play down the
terrorism by associations of employers against their competitors.
The Retail Cleaners & Dyers Association, one of the accused employer gangs, is carefully styled
union instead of association in
many press reports to confuse the
newspaper reader. The Master
Barbers' Association, frequently
appears in print as the Barbers'
Association, without the tag of
Master, with the aame motive.
Some consolation is derived by the
press from the fact that Emmett
Flood, a former American Federa-,
tion of Labor organizer, who was
kicked out by President William
Green, is among the fifty indicted
for bomb terrorism in Chicago's
business world. Flood, after a
fruitless attempt to connect with
labor unions upon his dismissal by
Green, became an official of the
Fruit & Vegetable Dealers' Association, and Is accused with the
rest of the familiar practice of
using violence to make independent dealers 6)pter the employer
association, out of which the officers customarily derive easy
money.
BOMB Ay STRIKERS
ARE VICTORIOUS
By ESTHER LOWELL.
MEW YORK.—With suspension
'by the'British Government of
India of 3 Mi Per ce*pt excise duty
on cotton goods, the 150,000 cotton
mill strikers of Bombay, India, win
their three months' strike against
11% per cent wage cuts. Word
of the victory, cabled to New York,
was received by the Friends of
Freedom for India. The Indian
cotton mill owners blamed the excise duty, which taxed every yard
of goods produced in India, for the
wags cuts they announced.
The victory of the Bombay
strikers indicates that industrialization of India will go rapidly forward, says Saijendra N. Ghose, secretary of the Friends of Freedom
for India. The tax had been imposed for the purpose of discouraging Indian industry, and its repeal—a concession to the sentiment mobilized by the strike—
gives Indian textiles that much
more leeway in competing in the
world market, lt may mean the
entrance of more British capital
intb Indian industry. In any
case, the situation for Lancashire,
England, cotton mill workers, is
not promising of anything but
more unemployment. Cheap production of cotton goods in India,
China and Japan have already seriously affected the Lancashire
workers, who are well organized,
and have comparatively good
working conditions.
The misfortunes of the Lancashire and Dundee workers, among
others, are part of the forces driving the British Trade Union Congress attention to the Far East
and the need of organizing Indiajp,
Chinese and Japanese workers in
strong union movements to establish decent wages and working
conditions. Bombay workers get
30 ce,nts a day, Chinese cotton
goods operators get even less, but
have rebelled for better conditions
against the British owners of their
mills.
International financial assistance was sent during the strike.
The Amsterdam International Federation of Trade Unions opened a
relief fund and the British Trade
Union Congress forwarded $1,500.
The Russian Textile Union sent
$5,000. Dundee, Scotland, jute
workers sent an investigating
committee to India. Mo,ney contributed by American sympathizers thrbugh the Friends of Freedom for India will be used to further union organization among the
Bombay mill workers.
N.Y. Labor Federation
Hits Compensation Rate
SYRACUSE, N. Y.—Workers injured in New York industries last
year should have had $32,000,000
more paid them In compensation,
.the thirty-two million split up by
casualty companies underwriting
ompensation claims. James P.
Holland, president New York State
Federation of Labor, made this answer to employers crying that the
state compensation law paid tbo
much for Industrial accidents and
disease to workers. The argument came at the ninth annual
New York State Industrial Congress In Syracuse.
Strike of Cemetery
Workers in Chicago
CHICAGO. — Some Chicago
corpses were lowered into graves
dug by strikebreakers, but a large
number were stored in graveyard
vaults when the Cemetery Workers' Union, an American Federation of Labor federal union, went
o,n strike at five Catholic cemeteries for higher wages and
shorter workday. The union demand is $6 for an 8-hour day.
Cemetery workers say they have
to work more than 9 hours to get
<3 to $5 a day. The superintendent of the five cemeteries says
they make* $5.40 in 8% hours.
Constant threats of dismissal
and layoffs keep the workers in
hand,' the superintendents said
during their convention, adding
that many of the men were between 50 and 75 years old and
would thin), twice before going on
strike,
Nevertheless, 250 men are now
on strike, aided by the Livery
Chauffeurs' Union, and -with the
goodwill of the undertakers.
Bodies Intended for burial are permitted to remain lp storage vaults
In the cemeteries without Immediate menace to public health because of the cold weather. The
supply of strikebreakers is small
at the wages and hours offered,
and in view of the frosts that make
grave digging difficult in December.
CLASSIFIED ADS,
BARRISTERS
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 Metr-3
politan Bldg.
BATHS
Vancouver Turkish Baths, Paolfl|
Bldg., 744 HantlngaSt. W.
BICYCLES
HASKINS   ft   ELLIOTT,   800   Pendel
Street W. The belt mtkei of bleyelq
on easy tenni.
BOOTS AND SHOES
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main Stj
BOOTS  (LOGGING)
H. Harvey, 58 Cordova St. W.
CAFE
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastings St. B.,
chiropractor _•
Dr. d. a. McMillan, palme*
Graduate. Open daily snd •renl
Ings. Dawson Blk., eor. Hastings aniT
Main.    Phone Sey. -&i.	
NANAIMO-WBLLI»OTOII
COAL
...      LESLIE   OOAL  OO'T   Ltd.
Phone Sty. 71S7
DENTIST
Dr.  W. J.  Curry,  S01  Dominion
Bldg.	
DRUGS
Red  Star  Drug  Store,  (lor.  CorJ
dova and Carrall.	
FLORISTS
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 48 Has-|
tings St. B.  '
GLASS
GLAZING,   SILVERING, BEVELLING'
WESTERN   GLASS   CO.   LTD.,   US,
Oordova St. W., few doors wait tt
Woodward's.   Sey. 8687.  Wholesale
retail window glass,
HOSPITAL
BETTER  BE   SAFE THAN   SORRT-
Grandview   Hospital—Medical,   snrg
teal,   maternity.     1090   Vietoria   Drive!
High.  137.
-    MEN'S FURNISHINGS
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cordovsj
Street.
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main Stj
MEN'S SUITS
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and Hastq
ings Streets.
W.  B.  Brummitt,   18*20  CordovQ
Street.	
MUSIC
T7IOLINS  ADJUSTED,   VOICED,   BI]
V   paired,  by expert.    Will Edmund
965  Robson  St.    8ey. ___.
OPTICIAN
Pitman Optical House,  616  Hast
ings West.	
PAINT AND 3-PLY PANELS''
Gregory   &   Reld,   117   Hasting
Street East.    - _^
TOBACCOS '
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carral
Street.	
TRUSSES
C. E. Heard, 959 Robson Street.
While rich people can tak
rooms at £200 a week in Londoi
and wear costly clothes, the wor__
ers who produce these things ar
unable to buy clothes and booti
—Gavan Duffy.
Geo. McCuaig
AUCTIONEER and APPRAISER
Phone Sey, 1070
718 Richards Street. Vancouver, B.O. ,
NONE BUT WHITE HEL!
EMPLOYED
NONE BUT WHITE HEL!
EMPLOYED
— ■■..-■■■ •* ■ ■ - Friday, December-11, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Page Three
• - POLITICS - -
Polish Officials Loot
Government Treasury
WARSAW, Poland.—Durlng the
Last five weeks the army of the
■nemployed   has  been  reinforced
gain by about 1.0,000 men in Po-
rmd.    The number  of registered
Unemployed   is   now   207,400,   to
Irhlch may be added  more than
ItOO.OOO clerical employees of the
Rants.    The crisis is particularly
jsixte in Upper Silesia.   The num-
per of workers there, which last
par was 169,000, has shrunk to
^,000, and  80,000 mop  are job-
ess.     Although   the   output   per
Bhift   has   risen   from   581   kilo-
fcrame   to   1,045,   the   total   production   of   coal   has   fallen   to
pout 5,8 per cent, of that of 1913.
; The  Increasing corruption   has
recently aroused considerable excitement among the people.    The
liepubllca of Lodz writes that the
reports   of   the   superior   control
|oard are being animatedly com-
oented upon.   The paper asserts
^hat ln the ministry of railroads
lie   embezzlements   totaled   200,-
1100,000 zloty  (about $35,000,000),
find that the ministry of war took
econd place with 150,00,000 kloty
fo  he accounted  for.    The   littie
Arma factory in Lemberg is said
So   have   used   up   600,000   zloty
jalone without producing a single
Iveapon.
Attempt To Justify
War On Riff Women
PARIS.—-Col. Charles Sweeney
and Capt. Lansing Holden, members of the American mercenary
Sheriff lan escadrllle that has* mercilessly bombed Rlffian villages,
killing hundreds of innocent women and babies, are attempting
to justify their war on the Rife;
These mercenaries claim tftey
did not wear the American uniform, nor did they earn more
than "moderate" pay, and that
they were not "baby killers."
When confronted with evidence
that they had killed hundreds of
babies during their bombings of
villages in the Moroccan mountains, these hirelings of French
imperialism attempted to justify
their actions by saying:-"We went
because we wanted to serve
France. The basis of the charge
that we bombed women and children was our 'half dozen' attacks
on Chechaouen, Ab-el-Krlm's re-
vlctualment centre. We were only
acting on orders, as good soldiers
should."
Textile Workers Fight   ILoucheur Changes Tune
Speeding Up Process! On U.S. Debt Funding
SPAIN
While the miner's poverty forces
them to demand higher wages, the
employers are trying to cut wages
still further. One of their chief
arguments is the competition from
the British coal trade, which they
allege they are unable to meet because of the 'high" wages of the
Sipanish miners. The workers contend, however—and their argument is incontrovertible—that it is
not the miners who are to blame;
the miners already work under
very bad and dangerous conditions
for insufficient wages. -
GERMANY
Fascist Mob Assaults
Noted French Author
Herman Police Prepare
To Defend Capitalists
BERLIN.—Recently the inhabitants of the town of Gotha in
rhuringia were suddenly awakened from their sleep by shooting,
narching troops, loud shouts, etc.
■This time the people responsible
Tor the noise were not fascists,
put the republic's German police
force, which was practicing street
at ties against workers. The proletarians in uniform are thus
■rained in fratricide and the bourgeoisie, in its constant fear of the
revolution, assures itself like this
that Its white terror will be successful.
Such   happenings   as   that   in
Siotha   prove   that   the   time   of
Miite    terror    in    Germany—the
bears   1919,   1921   and   1923—are
not yet ended.
V. S. AND PEACE PARLEY
WASHINGTON.—(F  P)—President Coolidge will 'study" the invitation  issued  by  Geneva to an
arms  reduction  conference.    Not
|>ecause he expects the Soviet Unon to accept the  invitation,  but
Because he knows it will not.   He
in a position to know that London and Paris see no use in arms
[•eduction If the Soviets are not to
site   part,   and  that  the   Soviets
vlll insist on  peace and  treaties
(ind trade relations as a preliminary development.
BUCHAREST, Roumania—Henri
Barbusse, noted French author,
who had accepted the invitation
of the Roumanian boyar government to investigate the "trial" of
the 500 Bessarabian peasants for
their participation in the Tartar-
bounar uprising, was brutally
beaten at the instigation of government officials by the Roumanian fascisti for declaring that he
had not bee,n allowed to see the
accused peasants and hear their
tale,
Several hundred young officers
and cadets assaulted Barbusse
following a lecture he had delivered In one of the halls here.
The leader of the mob was the
fascist Barlogau, who ls the chief
official of the government press
bureau. Upon Barbusse's arrival,
Barlogau had welcomed him, but
when Barbusse dared to expose
that the military and government
officials-refused to allow him to
speak to the peasants and that
their invitation was a sham, he
organized this assault on the
French writer.
The Postal Telegraph and Telephone Employees' Department of
the German Transport and communications'' Federation and the
General Union of Post Office
Workers, have recently held a joint
conference, and it has been decided
to organize toto a single union.
This means that the transport railway, and postal workers are now
all organized into one all-inclusive
"free" free union; and so ai farther step has been taken in the
direction of a united front among
the German workers.
BOSTON.—The front line in the]
textile workers' resistance to thel
multiple looms that double thel
work of each operative ls now atl
Blddeford, Maine, where a strike]
of 8,600 workers has thrown an
additional thousand out of work,'
and closed down the plant entirely.
These multiple looms have been
coming in gradually throughout
New England ln the last three
years, and are now quite general.
They have brought exhausting
speeding and unemployment in
their wake. The new looms operate almost automatically, reducing the necessary skill as the
weaver becomes a machine tender.
In almost every case the tendency
is to give him as many machines
as he caji operate by moving up
■and down .the line of looms at high
speed. At the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, in Manchester,
where there was no organized resistance, as many as 38 and 40
looms per weave rare found.
HOLLAND
The Dutch Trades Union Federation is to celebrate its 20th anniversary on January 1, 19926;. and
in this connection it has been decided to publish a book on the history of the Dutch Trade Union
movement. Jan Oudegeest, Secretary of the International FeFdera-
tion of Trade Unions, has undertaken to wtrite this book.
CHILE
From the censored dispatches
arriving from the Arica region, It
appears that thie dead Chilean car-
abinero over whom ex-President
Allesandri spoke in a funeral ceremony that was a vitriolic attack
against the United States as a disturber an inciter of discord, was
killed at Chayavinto in a clash between unnamed forces and Chilean
boundary guards.
Lithuania Tortures
Political Prisoners
Stay at the
HOTEL STRATFORD
The Place Called Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
KEEFER STREET
Phone Sey. A121
&' P. GIOVANDO, JOHN THA
100  Elegantly Furnished
Rooms.
10 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate  Prices
FIRST-CLASS SERVICE
KOVNO, Lithuania. — Several
guardians of the local prison headed by an agent of the secret po-
lioe, Bronzas, broke into cells,
where political prisoners were
scheduled, and, threatening them
with revolvers, dragged eut of the
cell the prisoner, Kalenda, threw
him down on the floor, after having broken his fingers during the
fight. Twenty-two prisoners, who
protested against this violence, were
locked up. On the* next day the
same guardian^ took out of the
lockup prisoners Lewis Preskin, A.
Lifshitz, Loukashevltch and Strub-
brls, undressed them and beat them
wflth "nagaikas" giving each one
25 to 45 blows.
RUSSIA
The provincial political education department is opening 900 new
rural district and itinerant libraries in the villages in the Leningrad province. The Leningrad
State Publishing House is Issuing
more than one million cheap books
on agriculture, Soviet legislation,
co-operation etc. The price of
these books has been fixed 4 to 6
-kopeks.
Industrial Deflation
In Norway and Sweden
(By Federated Press)
WASHINGTON.—Reports from
Denmark and Norway received, by
the Commerce Department tell of
industrial deflation and depression, with wage cutting and unemployment.
"The banish industrial crisis is
growing," says one report, "and
direct government relief Is being
sought, especially for the textile,
iron, and metal industries. The
grave situation is being reflected
in the high unemployment figures.
The labor situation is quiet, but
the outlook is somewhat clouded
owing to the downward wage reductions which will be necessary
in the early spring. Agricultural
wages have been reduced 10 per
cent."
From Norway the word is—
"with the constant fa.ll in price
levels, deflation Is progressing rapidly. Industrial opierati'ons are
decreasing with further curtailment of working hours in some
cases and closing down in others."
(By Federated Press)
WASHINGTON.—Frank Kent of
the Baltimore Sun has turned to
the flies of his own dispatches
from Paris in 1922, and dug up an
interview he had with Louis
Loucheur, the present finance
minister of France. In that interview Loucheur carefully explained that France could not
then, or ever ln the future, pay her
war debt. He was then out of
the cabinet and felt free to talk
frankly. He said it would be well
If the United States recognized
the Inability of France ever to
pay, and would cancel the debt.
Now Loucheur is finance minister, and he cables a pledge to
Washington that he will soon negotiate a debt settlement. Kent
showa that France is infinitely
worse off, financially, now than in
February 1922, when Loucheur approved that interview. He offers
this evidence of the hollowness of
the debt-funding farce, except perhaps in the case of GreKt Britain
which will make some real payments. Meanwhile President Coolldge announces that $15,000,000,-
000 of debt settlements have been
secured.
Baking Profits Buy
Opera Box For Boss
NEW YORK.—Business is so
booming for the new $400,000,000
baking merger, General Baking
Corporation, that Its president,
Paul H. Helms, can pay nearly
$200,000 for a box ln the "diamond
horseshoe" of the Metropolitan
Opera House. Helms, who has not
announced a wage advance for his
many baking employees, purchased
the box from the August Belmont
estate, and becomes owner of
$20.0,000 equity in the $7,000,000
opera house property. Costume alteration hands are still striking
against the Metropolitan for abrogation of the union agreement.
Mussolini Squelches
Anti-Fascist Press
ARGENTINE
Objecting to the weight of Buenos Aires newspapel-s, newsboys
have gone on strike. Sales of
newspapers have been seriously effected. In addition to protesting
against the weight of newspapers
the boys also demand larger profits and oppose night editions.
Minimum Wage Scale
For Australian Typos
MELBOURNE, Australia. —
Printing trade employees — compositors, pressmen, lithographers,
bookbinders, stereotypers and electrotypers, paper rulers and paper
cutters — employed throughout
Australia—are placed on a minimum rate of $27.50 per week by a
new award. Proofreaders get
$28.75, and machine compositors,
$30.50 per week. Night shifts are.
to get $3 a week extra, 16 holidays
a year are to be provided; overtime at time and half for the first
three hours, then double time.
Saturday afternoon and Sunday
work must be paid at double-time
rates.   Hours are 44 per week.
ROME, Italy. — Mussolini has
suppressed the Independent organ.
The Corriere Delia Sera1 of Milan,
Farinnaci, secretary of the fascist
party, declared that Crespi brothers (industrialists) "must choose
between pro-fascist or anti-fascist."
Under the fascist regime Mussolini has a right to suppress and
confiscate the property of anti-fascist publications. The Cresipi brothers yielded and Senator Albertini, the present director resigned
as he opposed the fascisti. The
new manager will be a fascist. Thus
the last vestige of freedom of pres^
is eliminated. The Communist underground press is the only pi-ess
left In Italy to expose the terrorism
and rottenness of the fascisti.
Sixty thousand infants die in
England every year. If a similar
number of lambs died a Royal
Commission would be appointed to
Inquire into, the reason.-^-Rhys L.
Davles, M.P.-
NEW ZEALAND
Coal miners are on strike to regain the right enjoyed for 13 years
in the state coal mines in Nez Zealand to decide what timbering
should be used In their working
places. The government, in order
to cheapen production cancelled
this safety custom.
Patronize our advertisers.
The right arm of Labor is a
strong press. Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
Fresh Ont Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
B-TSTO_tE8-*-8
« Hastings St. Bart,  Say.  tll-678     .65 aranvlUe Strsst   Ssy. 1)518-1891
161 HM.ii.js  Strsst West Sey.  1870
"SAT IX WITH FLOWERS"
AUSTRALIA
In New South Wales a new law.
compels ranch-owners to provide
proper accomodation free to their
employees. No upper bunks are
permitted. No _room .'used for
sleeping can be used for. cooking
or serving meals or for storage of
food.
Patronize our advertisers.
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUGHLY MATURED—ONE OF THE MOST POPULAR
BRANDS'   AT  THE   GOVERNMENT   STORES
OOLD LABEL
15-YEAR-OLD
Ask for CATTO'S.    For sale at all Government Liquor Stores
This advertisement is not published or displayed by tbe Li(_uor Control
Board or by the Government of British Oolnuihis Page Four
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, December 11, 1921
OPEN FORUM
Address  All  Letters  and
Remittances to the Editor
fedlkriol *"po<)«/
QUESTION BOX
. ®tie fflanabtan Habnr Ai-tM-ratJ
1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C. Phone Sey. 2132
$2 A TEAR
$1 SIX MONTH8
;; Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
The Snarl of "Snobocracy"
INTERNATIONAL
TRADE   RIVALRY
eliminated the market for wl)
they are fighting.
The question of immediate '
MEANS1 PAY GUTS toest to labor is whether the
  mestlc demand under existing i
TJAUNTED with a fear of hungry men who have been
t^t-vvvti    vnrtt-v      ,     „       A ^^ ^ the system and class he Upholds, the Stock  (By Leland 0ld8| F6deratea rates can support this mass
yANcouvER   police   shoidd and bond vendor who edits the Vancouver Star recently industrial Editor) action.    Experts   suggest
AceoSn^toTlVy^ertS ■?atfhod  &  *™  milmteS' reSPite fr™ "■  arduous task of   A NEW argument for high wages ^eh of this demand is tempori
men bring considerable revenue to Shoring up the declining fortunes  of the  Oliver government*        is sprung by Director Klein of Kw>aBiumpwmoome withri
the City's coffers.   The "Province" to' direct  an   editorial   snarl   at  the   disemployed   farmhands ^1!!?,^"™" °! f0relB" and cost*, and inability-to 'compet,
irizzrSTeSzaii^ed^fbe"w-i*v—, it'is^ustomaiyfor.rirrrtrirrSrrrjst^'r?;
dty $10,000 during the month of PersonS deficient in moral courage to express anger against Wve heard that domestic demand other vS?emSrs will «
of stamping out crime netted the
City $10,000 during the month of
Novemher.    The  morality  squad  those they fear.
is necessary to keep America's huge ......      ,. _       ,.    „ ,
n___,,._«_   „ _.ui .._ _    to* their time-honored method!
■**■*, , , , . productive   machinery   profitably        .. ...' ^~_
From a VOte-catchmg point of view, unemployed wortors employed.  But Klein addsahat this meeting compeUtion-wage cutd
brought ln $9,950 of this amount.
In our day and generation, crime,
like everythliig elso, is capitalized are ln the     improbable"  category,  so it suited the  gentle- tremendous domestic demaaid toy
and trans__*med into a profit mak- man's purpose to substitute the blustering tones of the mili- ^uppo,rtinB,naS8'production:enaWes Pacifist Appeal Gets
int. venture. +„„._,+ *..,. u, *_ '■--«■{_       .      „   , ,., . American industry to meet foreign a f _, ,   .
ing venture. „   ^   ^ tarist for the suave blandishments of the politician, hence we competition. Support From La
pEACE   advanced   another   step *m^ "lm writing: Commerce figures for the four ~"~~~~
r   last week    Britain put into "  . . .Men of the type who drift here in the hone 0f leadlnr c-™-mtweiai nattens show     LONDON.—The pacifist ap;
  F that we are entering a peribd of of Arthur Ponsonby, labor men
more intense trade rivalry. The for- of  Parilalnent.  *•»  signature)*
eig„ commerce of the United'States those who wlU "refuse to S«P!
spin, we are tola, was watched by live by acts of violence and crime. . . . Vagrants and drifters ln 1924-26 was so- per cent, above or render war service t0 any
  1913,* that of France B per cent. ernment whlch "»* to «■
within 1 per
has the endorsement of some]
msss.    "row      j-uuwiu   yuu    u.i« .    .   .   -_.x-_._x   ux   wiC   hjij-c    vvuu   UT-ll/   lWL'V   111   tne   nope   01
TOmmissi^a^nier^huges^pi^e an easy living during the winter .months are not likely to
weSingtsof^mlS. "t^'trial submit to starvation if they can obtain the witherwithal to
spin, we are told, was watched by live by acts of violence and crime. . . . Vagrants and drifters
a corps of mriitary and naval at- arriving (in the city) by railVmust be met by a reception ^ *!f f FPano
_ZelrS S?\£X T111^ °f °ffiCial Standing' WMch WiH S6e t0 * My ^oSlrerAeveraid «;; *• "ad- * Britain's strong
what progress John Bull was mak-  but firmly, that they are at once returned to their point of many still 27 per cent, below. u"lons' lnoludlnS Ernest BevinJ
ing in preparing for the next war. starting Better  to   spend  a  few  thousand  dollars  now     GewH«« ■»■■»■*«GaiMng Vm,     0AhTS^UnTon of Ra?-L
^xfZL' ^r^nf!!^™!;. t0 Prevent trouble than to face the far heavier bill which    In four years tnese natlon* nav« men, Robert Smillie of the mini
IS6S»"^11 -ultfromth   bb ri   hefts>holdupsand eriDiesof^Xr^tZ^teTuT:MST5£SSS;
good results. kindred nature on the part of the worst element."    The allu- cent,   France   22   per  cent.,   and gineers l°o°»«>Uve.
i  »   » sion to a "reception committee" explains the friendliness Gl^t Brltam 32 per oent-The P°st" _—_____—
pAPiTAL possess some peculiar displayed by Mr. Odium in the Provincial Legislature to- Wa_ inf!ftl?n muddle in Germany
^   featnres.   Vickers Ltd., appar- wnT,ja   xt,.   rr„   ^-t.^   Ty, „     .      ,    , ,, * , makes it impossible to state the       TTMffkM    TMDFPTfVDl
cntly suffering from a dearth of 'f™   *f, Ku -^   Man'     He   ls   doubtless   aware   where Increase In «t figures but Klein       UNION   DIRECTOR,
war orders, discovered tliat their   .kindred     spirits Can be found. , says "it represents a more rapid XLUED PRinTiN0 TBADB8 00OB
capitalization was too large, to pay "Uudesirable tourist " "vaerant " "rlviftPt. " "tho »„,.( advance tnan was mad«* ^ either     -Mseti ucond Monday in tho
uuu. as.tts.sjiK luuns.,       vagrant,      milter,       the worst 0f Its two leading competitors."     P"«t<iont, J. E. wwu; teonttrj,
■«   -■ __.     __'_. ** —tnn\n __ Am V*t f\ !_•____.       _S_B
an adequate rate of profit, so they    s„„ . ,,   ,, ,,        ,   , '   , '
deoMea to <^vrite it down". Evid- element.     these are  the  choice _ epithets Mr.   Odium
Uses     The share of U. S. exjiortei-s in
Neeltndi.    P. 0. Box St.
ently all that .was needed was a to  describe the men who planted and harvested Canada's the lmPt>rt trade of all other coun- 'u^ii^Ju^sf witf^Bwl
hXh o°/ sJ&3«!?'S! w"eat '-op'be-es casting the inference that they are tMeves St^'ftT^s- i2£ ?: -m^m&m \
capital is needed in order to em- _ _      ,--.   - —  . .- „..._.,   ,
ploy Labor, but unfortunately La- tnat nature has failed to endow him, sufficient mental and'c6nt in 191s- America took 16 per ^Aiy*Ti_^dto,B?ff8fcu_»„..
bor can't be "scratched" out. moral qualities to clean these men's shoes   and  hut (sPnitmisA  °ent'  °* the exports of a11 theS9 *l*-t Informstlon n uourlnc 'ip.'
1,™   .nl«W   fnr.  W.   ^nX^l   „.„_.x3.„    ,2 ^Sl^a countries compared with 9 per cent.  « tta form.tion „,loesl brsneh...
Dolumbls
e   „„j  4.     j   •        _. • , T.".    7     s ^o B.BBP HiuuBiry employed  t»ry J   Lylo  Tolford.  624 Birki
ana toadying to parish pump political quacks.   Trulv a val- lt must h°w this increased share. v»ncon.or,   b.c.   lYitphono   ao;
'   .__i_i_   _•,• -. . _ « _   _ 1S8J. or BsTfiow 6630. i
*    *    * x,* i i     js      s • ••'.'-■ ■ uuuiiiries comparea witn » per cent   "' *"* •»""■»■«» «• ■■*"!»> ur»nonm
mm solely tor his present occupation—-hawkins real pstatp tn i*m  t«ii«*»,i»*,..-. „i„, j ••' «™nn>«»i*»«o wi* Provincui
T   R. BOOTH; after cheatiaig the nyyA +„„^v>„ j.. _._!!    ,.?!,    ,    "av;Jim*s_leal esl»™ ™;*»1».   To keep industry employed tyry J   I_ylo Jolford. 624 Blrko
■**   undertake^ for almost a quar- . , „
ter of a century finally decided to uaple Citizen, and a worthy descendent of one of the ten lost L*bor BMc»ency Aids Imperialists BAKKBf   ualejsdot,   h0CAh
"cash in".   By way of a celebration tribes. Choosing electrical goods, auto-     Mooti  ucond Thnn'dsy ovory
his employees received a holiday t,Wo •„ nn „„„„_„,  nf ^ _, ^__-____      , mobiles  and   steel   as   examples, ^ol^"^if wirtsSl?'H. J_*\
on the day of 1.1s funeral.   This, T,here iS n0_ ™°f of this arrogant blusterer, who once Kleln attrIlbutes the ability of the ^'muST a£" '££'
we are informed, is the first hoii- served as a makeshift army general, ever having performed united states to compete to "the oivio employees' union. _.
day they have received since 1910 one single day's work of service to the community   neither tremendous domesic demand" and     28—Mooti tint snd third Fridil
when the tralnment, on thp. Grand   :„   *1     _.__._•-__•__     .*,.*,, ..."". "trHMndnim nu»r,n>__il_Mn_ a„-  the  m°pJ.e,i5entU6KHk""!"   W
St.;   lecretary-treBiurer,
1182 Parker St.
when the trainment on Uie Grand is ttere an    indication that he has ever felt the ninoh  of "trMmmdous mass'Production due pn„.m p
Ti«nk were on strike.   If John R. „   J laal ll*  "as  ever  leu  tne  P111^  Ot to employment of far greater effl- Otarlei I
liad-n't died when he did some more "'ant'   ,.J7le  has taken trom society without  giving anything ciency in both management and in H'"'""1'
MUSICIANS'    MUTUAL   PROTEC
UNION,   Lo«il   146,   A.   ~
of his employees would ccitainiy m return.    Other men's labor has supplied him with the labor" onion  i «i        a        . j
have died waiting for that holiday, needs of life.   In describing such men as this one miffht nae    But ,n'a Dmious address Klein M..t. m' o.w.v.a. h»u,' soym'ourl
•    *    * a<140«tlwa«  *unt. ,      u        i     xi.   '_ it 8 pointed out that In Europe the "an-  P««4«r  Strssts,  looond  Snndsy  J
- twigg conservative mem- ad;)eetlves that would ™^e the term "worst element" Dale tieuated •anirnnm.t nt I*L„**„. •:■?•  .!"'••"»». a 0, Mtll.r. ""
ber  fof Victoria,   appears  to mto  ^Significance.
have let tiie cat out of the bag       Last fall every city of any magnitude in Western Danads '^odern, ^ ot »>--^«ction, and ",,!,„,T'Wrtetar.1 wi"wsJo™
over In the Legislature.   When thc k„llp/i  wat.„j„„„ +„ +/ ' mafuuuue ln  western uanaaa Burope is trylng the Mpeplment of THE  *,*.*. BRAT1|.D  g...,,
House was  discussing  the Insur- JfUed warnlngs to the men working on farms,  tellng them applying Ameriean  methods."  He     UNION   OF   OANADA-H^b
II   B. TWIGG, Conservative mem-  a^™* *»* W0«ld ™^e the term "worst element" pale tlquated iequ.pme"t of'prewar days ;»^tmt7V..r.Tiryw iT'X
Al. ,.„-.  ,,* m„__i„    „„^__.M   .„ "ito  msignmcance. is   gradually   replaced   by   more »»1  H'lMn  otwoti  financial  aoi
tools of production, and W' -E W1Ui*m"' Ml "*" ,,rMl1
Burope is trying the experiment of THE  FKD BRATBD  flBAF1I
__.....,„ _....,.,..lf,   .....  _...,...- _   applying American  methods."  He     UNION   OF   CANADA—Hoadqi,
ance Bill, Twlgg opined that a copy that they could expect neither employment, aid nor Sym- Mserts that this almost- certainly ;i,^SJJg '; Strotw' 'mmw "
shoidd have been sent to head of- pathy if they came there to spend the winter When the Portends B*xot*^r competition for T,i. 8oy. io.i. Pmidoit, lulbo""'
flees of the insurance comimnles harvP<it  wnvlr  woe,   nn-^rn. A  *v • i x American exporters. Vlco-Proildont,  David  GlU.iploi
in  thc  east  in  oi-der   to  receive      *"*?** T^ fmPleted thelr  employment  came  to   an      He refers to the installation tof %Eg!_2?£ O^B?^,
Mieir o. k. before the bill was made eM> ancl tney had to go somewhere.    They Couldn't live On  uP-to-date   machinery  in   Fiance,  Stroot, Vlotoria, B.O.   Phono 1901!
law.    Attarney-General Mason e.\- the   open,   blizzard-SWept  nrairie    SO   natnrallv   tlipv   neni.o<.  Italy' SpaJn' Holland and Scandl- TTPOORAPHIOAI, UNION,  No,
Plained that this did not seem ne- towards some place JJ^ ^ JJ/J^.  ™ %^^ "»*££% ^^W^
cessnry as local insurance repre- xl    q    •        „ » ° wrel' *"u"ub couniries tne edge on England and  Bror,   R.   H.   Noolandi,   P.O.   BoiJ
scntattves  had made  "no  serious Te °Pnn*?> OUmmer and Autumn they toiled ten and twelve the United States, especially in tex-  Moit. lait Sunday of uoh month!
complaint",   it is not on record hours per day in the fields to produce the "staff of life," T68,   ? would be «»*«-«"«■*> Shot  wphSi^ typoor'ap
that the Legislature ever discuss- receiving  in  return  a meaffre wso-p     V!™  Aot  Api„ ,„«»!,      °W proportion of this repre-     UNION.   No.   411-Proildont,
ed whether anew act should be ,q ^JJ^   lT«, ^ f   x T".   ,™  *hat,their work sents American capital building up  *«*.™}\ ..erotarytroainm;  _
passed because it had not received 1S. comPleted* a«d the product of their labor in the hands Of foreign competition for American SffiS* ^JZonT    "^
the endorsation of say the Van- levator  companies, banks  and wheat gamblers,  they are ltlhot
cower Trndes council.   Why the treated as outcasts, kicked from pillar to post and slandered       H<w **"* WU1 Xt Last?
the one a^ot thcotlierj fa  disgusting j^g^ fey persong ^ J^St^^'?!; it"
rden the workers ^stem. would *» kicked out of the'society of self-respecting:S"tStSSSSff   "^
men and women. win thus* depend v
competition
THE  CANADIAN
With Which Ii Incorporated]
and less on   -THE BBITISH COLUMBIA FED
TI0NI8T
EVERT FRIDAl
By ths Labor Pnhllihing Qo.f
Busineu ahd Editorial Otficsl
1120 How* St.
The greatest bur
bear is the very wealth they pro
duce.   In the old days men pro- Tf +},._  nftUn- nf mi..  Qf«-  j„«;-,„« ._, »4-     . . „       its techniealand mar* oft a RMater  s——
duced  for  themselves and  what    .    "      ,   e™ °.f Th® St" deSires to Prevent a» mflw home market sustaining-*^ in- ^^J81"5?
they made they largely consumed.  0I unemployed workers into  Vancouver, why was his voice tense mass production with lower-
Today a large- portion of what men not raised in protest against the efforts made a few months lns of production costs,  if theLo-
produce is turned into capital for ag0 by the C.P.R.  and  C.N.R.  to bring in more mfeh, Whfen Z^LsTT,ttl°t0W^y  tn The Canadian Ubor"Advocate i.
further  exploiting  men,   and   the fh      5WTlnTf0j   r*.*^.    ^X.-,.          ,.?,.    "lul° "lo".  wneii economic United States of. Burope, factional weekly newipaper, gIvlntJ
more men labor and toil the big-  rney lmP0rtea  British  newspaper publishers to  aid  tliem Sn suWl_a»v.the  Branch. l_.dn_i_rt._H-_* ■>' *■*» fanner-labor movement In I
ger capital  grows,  and the more Securing   recruits.     At  that  time   Mr.   -Odium's   tongue   WUS •Lc*!h»u* h<*4« »r, themEutopeah Subecriptlon Rateti United  Stated
men struggle the heavier becomes silent, because he either lacked the courage to sneak or be- _fdustry may als° haVe 1Ua»ured ^.r^nL^iix mJnih,?"'?
the indebtedness of labor to capi-  C£ms„  y..  JPB;rpj  x„  „ax   .i,„„   .    .           , ..      -.   -         .     domestic   market.    Two   capitalist iuh»crlbln» In a body, 16c per
taL-Robert Hunter.                          IT I,           .wa    ?    • .                          eXpl0lt     ?^m  he BlantS Wl"  then  face  a fl^ht *> U--^*-T*H_aaio_ Pr... „*
__ had hopes that they might swell The Star's treasury by the «»•«" unless the revolt of the """"' ThB8rt^?'X p?A'» "*
Send in your subscription today, purchasing a one-cent paper. rest of the world against the ex-
Ploltfttloin ef foreign   papjt»l   has Kay, December 11, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Mve.
bh Work Must Stop     Bankers Warned Labor Disputes Rend
HJ. S. Painters Declare Fascism May Fall Germany as Wages Drop
|.Art Shields, Federated Press) (By LAURENCE TODD,)   . (By Len De Caux)
|_W   TORK—Speeding   up   of (Federated Press) BERLIN.—Lockouts, strikes and
iters in New Tork Cttty during TJfTASHINGTON — Astonishment dismissals are the order of the day
J building  boom   has   reached    "    and anger were registered in in Germany's important Industries.
: an exhausting pitch that the .the  State  Department  upon  dis- They are the result of a rise in the
Jai Investigating committee on coverey that the publicity director cost of living and the united resls-
Iftilng"   appointed   by   District for the American Bankers' Asso- tance of the employers to a corres-
Ty.il No. 9 of the Brotherhood elation had issued to all the press ponding padse in wages.   The situa-
ralnters has submitted drastic agencies and correspondents in the tion is in nearly every case forced
ISnmendations to the member- capital a statement indicating that by the employers, who take advan-
These recommendations ad-  the downfall of Fascism in Italy tage of soma small local dispute to
standards  of production  for and the coming of a bloody revolu- declare  a general  lockout.    The
class of construction brush tlonary movement awaits only the chemical, glass, textile and metal
Be that in some cases amount to  death of Mussolini. industries are chiefly affected, but
fthan half the work now being      This atatemielnt is made in the trouble is also threatening in the
led out. Less work but better  form  of  an  announcement of an coal industry and on the railroads,
he idea. article in the current issue of the where, the employers are showing
br instance, where 60  outside American   Bankers'   Association's hostility to the modest demands of
fdows are painted per man per  official Journal,  on actual condi- the workers.
on type, jobs the committee tions found by an investigator who About 150,000 workers are in-
for 25 as the limit a! craits- ^ag spent three weeks in secret in- volved in the various disputes. In
can handle with fairness to  qUirf*es in Italy. the textile industry 30,000 workers
jelf and the job. Where six to Comlng as lt does at the moment are looked out in North Bavaria
rooms have woodwork trim when Morgan & Co>i are asking and Hanover and 16,000 in lower
fcmled by a man ln a day the American investors to buy the Saxony. 35,000 chemical workers
limlttee's stint is four. And so ^io0,000,000 of 7 per cent. Italian are involved in lockouts in the
"- through the various classlfi- gove'rnm'ent bonfls whioh tiie Mor- Rhine-Main area a'nd 25,000 in Batons of paint work. gan hoUfJe ,a Han(lling at about io varia. 26,000 glass workers are out
tundreds of jobs were Invest!- per cent rakeoff| this action, by in a bitter struggle for the 8-hour
■-* by the 10 investigators before the pubjlc4ty 0ffice 0f the nation- day, and metal workers in different
By -reached the conclusion that wl(Je trade union of hankers ere- districts have been walking off the
Inspeakahle driving of men to ates a myBtery as deep as the dis- job after eight hours work. The
luman exertions" was an average gust of the, pro-Fascist gentlemen reply of the employers has been
ftan exceptional practise. And __,ho ^g^t M*r, Kellogg in uphold- lockouts and wholesale dismissals.
rore they put the issue; before the ing -MUssonni'a hands. In North Bavaria an arbitration
Ubership tbey appealed to the politically is a volcano awara panting a- 54-hour week to
Rployers' representatives o„ the ■ ^ de8truction un. textile workers, 60 per cent of
kde Board which represents the anything ^ Russlan whwn ar6 WOmen, and a srrmll Indian and the Master Painters. Boishev, ln the opinlon of many crease in overtime rates was «.-
- all they got from the bosees imwa„ he beglnS- ..others be oefcted by the union but rejected
the admission that though ^ ^^ ^ ^ goUd &s by the employers who thereupon
lushing"  is ruinous to the   <re-                                               ^ there lock6d    out   24,000    workers.    In
1"",M "* —''""-■• -"♦"- ta"the current issue 0f the Ameri- North Bavarfe a 25-year-old textile
can Bankers Association Journal." "* e^s le*- than 12c an hour
* -   > ' .        . ..     —about $7 a week.    Women and
     ** Among the quotations from the ^^ ^^ earn even ^
b„ to refuse to continue endur- L°ng article are these: ^ ^ ^^   ^
such conditiona" . "Fwcism is Mussolini  He made ^ ^^ ^ .q private wma
rpainters are rushed by pace set-  it, quickened it   keeps It alive-Of unfler .^ Daweg plan .^ _m^
\b and foremen.    The pace set- all dangers to the Fascia   system ers are Qf_ ^
la a journeyman who  gets a this domination by Mussoiinl alone ^.^ ^^ ^^ but ^
cents an hour more for setting ls the greatest. tlaUong are ngvf under way am<)ng
Inhuman pace which, the fore-      "Mussolini  is  weak   ln  health, the worlters for ftl nati0nal series
p_s, ln turn, gets a bonus.   Every-  nervous, over-wrought, always ex- of  demands  t0  cover  alT  g^es.
profits but the worker and the  posed to the risk of assassination. The g_.boul. day has for some time
Jlow who sees the painting peel- without Mussolini, Fascism would been  abollshed   on  the  rialroadS,
Ig off his apartment.
insible type of employer" nloth-
could be done about it now. So
rank -and file is advised that
ls the Inalienable rights of the
European Woodworkers
hardly    survive.      The    question as ^eii as In the mining and many
whether Fascist Italy is a menac- otlw lndustries.
ing volcano or an unshakable py- 	
,        _-_ ramid*, would-be answered differ-
&Paid Starvation Wages entiy with Mussouni aiive and with porto Rican Workers
Mussolini   dead.     Th|e   disappear-
[INDIANAPOLIS—Low wages and ance of Mussolini would easily con-         JBOmDartf Lai -L-OOlldge
or employment conditions is the vert  it  from  the  seoond   to   the
de  for  European   woodworkers, first.                                                         WASHINGTON.—Once more the
cording to a report by Wm. L. --It ig impossible to regard Fac- half-starved workers of Porto Rico
kutoheson, general president of the lam aa the ultimate and perman-  led *>V Santiago Iglesias, president
frotherhood of Carpenters, on his ^t system of government in Italy.  Free  Federation  of Workingmen,
Iturn from the convention of the as long as Mussolini lives Fascist ano-  & Socialist  senator ln  their
pternaWonal Union of Woodwork- IMy may continue to be orderly legislature, have come to the white
is at Brussels, Belgium. and prosperous.   After that it will house by Petition, demanding that
\ Practically all of these workers probabiy have to find a different economic wrongs to their class be
ave the eight-hour day and the ay,^ for the maintenance of or- riShted-   Thirteen thousand work-
frty-elght-hour week. Great Bri- der and prosperity."
ailone has the Saturday half The   bankerB.   investigator   re*
oliday, said President Hutcheson hat  „It ,is dmposslble  to :Te;ted7ha;" a TederaT"commission
"The scale, of wages," he said, m^ mt from mUan newapapel*s quested th'U a federal commissi*
Varies in the different countries. what l8 gotng on   The Faclgt con.
Belgium has an average scale of sor_.hlp la severer than the Tsarist
ers signed the document which
Iglesias handed to President Coolldge.    As in past years, they re-
be sent^to the island to report on
the   poverty   of  the   masses,   the
,       * _.„    _,„.,_.   „„ in nn.,**  profits   of   absentee   and   native
bur francs per hour, or 20 cents Rusg,an and even than ^ Belshe.  p]anter8|  traflers  anfl  ml(Jdlemen •
I         u    <-  _n    .      ,»„  aBmmi    vlk-Russian.   No Italian who val- and on the theft of the Jast electlon
Iges about 80 pfennings, approxi- ues hla seoulty any longer da,es t0 dominant antWabor party,
liately 20 cents in our money. The           h unfavorabie vlews.» Unionists
Vale in France is four and one-half  K ^                       ..                         . lne unlonlsts-
One o? the most prominent Ital- Specific charges are made that
hum, while in Great Britain they lan8' who holds that Fascism must the Porto Klcan workers are Bub.
l-ZL, «n. .MiihiV nlkht nence  or  collapse  becaUBe  '*  ,s  mllitarlst'  Jected to jailing and other perse-
lecelve one shilling eight pence or ^ ^ ^^ natlon h ^ ^ ^^ when ^_ ^
le^TJJ^^S,^^^ ^^-^^t^^-t^i equal ?rbtectlon_«;*»!?« 1™
tiow that conditions  of  employ-
|uent,  with few  exceptions, were
poor."
1 President Hutcheson said that "lt
\ro\ili be helplul and beneficial to
lt known among the various
Iroodworkers of Burope that the
crisis would not come for several never been  accorded  them,    Tet
years. ' On the other hand, Farin- the island is rich,  its production
acci, secretary-general of the Fas- enormous, and the profits to the
olst party, declared the test would few owners of the land are corre-
came in 1926.     . spondingly great.
—  These   landowners   control   the
,„„„„„.„  „ _.   ____ Will the marvelous powers  of government, deprive 60,000 of the
innerBrotherhood of Carpenters production which have conquered workers' children of any schooling,
Ind Joiners of America was alfill- nature and  are incarnate in the and   cut   the   appropriations   for
Ited with-and are-a part of their almost living and thinking machine existing schools so that the prog-
tnternatlonal Union ot Woodwork- of today-prove.to'be^he triumph- «»   ot   education   has   stopped.
*.. al chariot  u»on  which  you,  the Fifty per cent of the population,
'      ~£ -—. workers, will advance,  or will it due   to   poverty   and   to   goyern-
SAN    FANCISCO.% City    pay be,   as  in  the  past,   the  ear  of mental  policy,  are born and die
kecks for a plumbing job on the Juggernaut that yeu palrifully tug ""terate.   Such la°°r laws a.exist
£?. tflMfm. M* Wl »•«" onward i0v.r th. MiM.'  minds, «. ignor.d in most^ insts,w«, and
Ipran-eisco will be held.np; the city and souls of the.hslpless mem-
lauditor stated, unless the contrac- bers of your, class? Will the work-
Itor discharges nine aliens working ers of the future be upon or be-
lon the Job and hires residents of neath   the   machine?   Tou,    the
ISan Francisco.   The nine men aire workers, alone can decide.—A. M.
[giving satisfactory service. Simons.
thers sts no safety laws for
workers in factories, shops and
fields.
Don't forget!    Mention the Advocate when buying.
BUY IN THE LOW
RENT DISTRICT
SAVE   ON   YOUR   XMAS
PURCHASE
Men's Tan Dress Boots, toecsp
or military toe _. $3,115
Children's Knee flam Boots, 5 to
10  1-2   11.76
Men's Black or Brown Leather
Romeo Slippers, 12.26 and $3.60
Men's Brown Leather Slippers,
pair    $2.26
Men's and Women's Velvet Slippers,  leather  sole   76e
Men's Military Grey Work Shirts
' at   96e
Men's Initial Handkerchiefs, regular 50c  3 for $1.00
Set lis for Xmas Ties, Garters
and Suspender Sets
Arthur Frith & Co.
Man's   snd   Boyi'   Furnishings,
Hats, Boota and Shoes
2313 MAIN STREET
Between   7th   and   8th   Avenues
Phone Fair, 11
fl. NEIL
Hand Made Loggers' and
Seamen's Boots
136 LONSDALE AVENUE
NOETH VANCOUVEB    Phono 1181
AUTOMOBILES
We Have Some Good Buya ia
GUARANTEED   USED   OARS   tit
Cash   Payments  As  Low  As -fsiv
PATTISON MOTORS Ltd.
Phone Sey. 7406       1385 Granville St.
Sey. 186 32 Bastings St. B.
The Electric Shop Ltd.
RADIO AND
ELECTRICAL SUPPLIES
Sey. 6789
414 Haitingi Si W.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
BARRISTERS,  SOLICITORS, ETO.
401-408 Metropolitan Building
837 Hastlngi St. W., Vancouver, B.O.
Telephone!: Seymour 6868 sad 6687
SPEED!
•THE voice currents used
- in long-distance telephoning travel from 8,000
to 178,000 miles per second.
B. C. Telephone Oompany
T
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will  Cute  Tour  Rheumatism,  Lumbago, Neuritis or Bad Oold
MASSAGE  A   SPECIALTY
PACIFIC BUILDING
744 Haitingi St. W. Phone Bey. 2070
RUPTURE
Specialist in Trusses for Men, Women,
Children snd Infants
O. E.- HEARD
Phone Bey. $810
969 Robson Street, Vancouver, B.O.
28  Tears  Established  in  Vancouver
Sickness, The Result of Defective Teeth
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
OFFICE: 301 DOMINION BUILDING
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
T\OCTORS are now recognizing the relationship between dis-
•*-'   eased teeth and bad health.
Every woek or two somo physician sends me a patient to have his
teeth attended to, and in the majority of cases the doctor's suspicions
are confirmed, and the health improves when the Denial needs have
been   supplied.
This is natural; good blood depends on good digestion, and this in
. turn depends on mastication.
Dr.  Curry combines Long Experience with most Up-to-Date Methods.
GLASSES
5
COMPLETE
AUR eye examination is as
^ perfect as skill, scientific
instruments and years of experience can devise.
Bird Eye Service
(UPSTAIRS)
205. SERVIOE BLDG.
ROBSON at ORANVILLE
Entrance 680 Robson St.
Phone Sey. 8»55
You Will Save Money on
Xmas Purchases With Us
Neckties, nicely boxed, 75c
$1.00 and  $1.25
Armbands, fancy boxes,
at  SOo
Shirts in fancy boxes, up
from  $1.50
Men's Suits in new styles,
at...  $17.50
Men's Overcoats at prices
that will surprise you.
Up from  $12.00
Mackinaw Coats and Waterproof Clothing.
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 OORDOVA STREET WEST
"•""■"-I iiXltl,
*t. neooei. Page Six
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, Deeember 11,|
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
SEAMEN'S JOBS
EVAPORATE ON
DIESEL LINER
Building Workers Organij
SEAMEN'S ACTIVITIES
TN launching negotiations for the
amalgamation of the National
Sailors' and Firemen's Union of
Canada and the Federated Seafarers' Union of Canada, the latter organization forwarded the
former the following letter:
To the Secretary N.S.U. of Canada, 305 Cambie Street, City.
Pear Sir and Brother: At a recent nieeting of the above organization a committee was appointed to go into the matter of amalgamation proposals from the Federated Seafarers' Union of Canada. The finding of the committee meantime is:
No. 1—That In the event of
the F.S.U. of Canada accepting
the N.S. & F.U. of Canada into
the membership of the F.S.U ef
Canada, that all members of the
National Sailors' & Firemen's Union of Canada shall he admitted
to the membership of the amalgamated union and entitled to
full benefits; provided that they
are i{n good financial standing
with  the  said   organization.
No. 2—That the united union
shall have an extra patrolman on
the waterfront, and that the secretary of the N.S. & F.U. of Canada shall be appointed to that
position, at the same salary as the
present patrolman of the F.S.U.
of Canada.
No. 3—That we propose to accept any member for membership
who has pot acted detrimental to
the principles of organized labor.
Note—The F-S.U. of Canada, in
submitting these proposals, is at
all times willing to meet a delegation of the N.S. & F.U. of Canada to consider anything to further the cause of seafarers in
general.
Yours for organized labor,
W. H. DONALDSON,
Secretary.
The following day the National
Union   forwarded   the   Seafarers'
the following reply:
To  the  Secretary  F.S.U.   of  Canada, City.
Dear Comrade:  We are in receipt   of   your communication   ln
reference to amalgamation of the
unions.
I am instructed at our regular
meeting,   held December  7,   1925,
to forward the same to our headquarters   for  their  approval   and
opinion of same.
I remain, yours fraternally,
W. GRIFFITHS.
National Sailors' & Firemen's Union   of  Canada,   P.O.  Box   571,
Vancouver,  B.C.
Many members of the National
Sailors' & Firemen's Union of
Canada are anxious to see the
proposals go through so as to
assist ln combatting the efforts
of the Canadian Government Merchant Marine Limited, who are
gradually lowering the conditions
of the seamen in Canada, and to
establish a branch of the organization in Montreal and other
Eastern Canadian ports, where
the conditions seamen are sailing
under are ambominable. The Seafarers' Union has printed stamps
for an assessment to cover the
expenses of organizing Montreal,
and hope to make a start ln that
direction soon.
Empire
Cafe
QUALITY
COURTESY
REASONABLE
76 Hastings East
HAROLD DEGQ and
BOB KRAUSB
Ut* Btth Batt  and 7lnd Batt.
The-officers on board the C.G.
M.M. ships received a raise tn
wages recently. How the officers
obtained the raise is remarkable.
The C.G.M.M., knowing that the
stewards on board their vessels,
made a cut ln the stewards' wages
to offset the advance given the
•officers. The Hon. Harry Stevens ls reputed to have been of
material assistance in getting the
raise for the officers. We wonder
if 'Harry" knew that the stewards were to be the victims of
the officers' raise.
A supply of membership books
have been ordered for the Fed-,
erated Seafarers' Union of' Canada. The books are to be leather
bound and to have a flap which
will make a handsome pocket-
book. The constitution of the organization ls in the inside, as well-
as a ready-reckoner, and a few
sheets for notes, and a page to
direct the payment of funeral benefits. The approximate cost of
the book will be 47% cents each.
The membership butto-fis are being cleaned up rapidly at 35 cents
each.
Seamen who are not organized
are warned to beware of impostors promising to obtain work for
them on certain boats at high
wages, so as to enable them to
borrow money from their victims.
We are in touch with an individual who is practicing this sort of
scheme on some unfortunate
workers, and if he does not end
his activities we will put him
where he belongs. This is one of
the cheap sneaky thief element.
The next meeting of the organization is to be held on Friday,
December 18th, at 8 p.m. Members are urged to attend. Some
surprises are In store for tliem.
Mall List
H.   Bates,  A.  Bell,  H, Beckett,
(By Art Shields, Federated Press)
TVTEW YORK.—The last word In
labor displacing machinery on
the high seas ls the S.S. Grip-
sholm, Swedish-American liner of
23,500 tons displacement, the first
big Diesel-propelled passenger
boat to put into New York harbor.
She spells the coming revolution
in marine transportation that will
leave thousands of englneroom
men on the beach without jobs.
Her first engineer told me what
her twin Burmeister & Wain Internal combustion engines cbuld
do with a force of oply 89* men:-
"It would require at least 150
men to get the same 22,000 horsepower and 11% knots an hour
with the old coal burning system,"
he said. "And about 75 men with
an oil-burning steamship. We
need only 11 engineers, with 28
oilers, machinists and other engine
room attendants. Think what
that means."
It means a lot to the seamen's
unions, as half to two-thirds of the
firemen,^oilers, water tenders, wipers and coal passers find their
jobs gone. And their jobs are
going fast. Sweden is in the van
of diesel construction, with 85 per
cent of. the tonnage now on her
yards of that type, but the world
as a whole runs over 60 per cent.
The U. S. Shipping Board is fitting
14 ships with diesel engines.
The staff reduction is not entirely confined to below decks.
Above, fewer deck hands are needed, for the diesel boat has neithe-
smoke nor soot. The crude oil
used as fuel is not burned under
boilers, but is exploded under high
pressure much as gasoline ls exploded in automobiles.
TMJILDING trades labor is in a
more favorable position than
ever befor-e to defend the improved
standards of living it has recently
achieved. This is the conclusion of
the building research bureau of
G. L. Miller & Co., a national investment banking house specializing (n building construction. It
Is based on a survey of paid up
membership in 17 building trades
un'ons.
The total 1925 membership it
Bhovn as 364,000, a gain of 44,617
or about 5% in the last two years.
Says the bureau: "Although the
unions only actually control between 38% and 40% of the 2,250,-
000 wafee earners in the construction industry, the wages and work-
Union Membership
ing conditions attained by I
ganized crafts are generally I
ted as the basis of construct^
all  building workers."   Th
cedes that .the organized
are carrying on the fight
unorganized    members    of'
crafts.
1 he powerful influence
unions in spite of their apl
minority control is due to tl
that figures for paidup m<j
jhips understates the
number of union men and 4
fact that, according to thej
report, approximately 50% *
the skilled workers in the in|
are unionized.
The membership figures'
unions in the last 3 years a]
1923 1924
MAINLAND CIGAR STORE
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
810 CARRALL STREET VANOOUVER, B.O.
Red Star Drug Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
We Make a Special Effort to Get Gooda Ont by Pint Mall
After Receipt of Tour Order
Oorner Oordova and OarraU
Vanoouver, B.0.
U. S. Leading Exporter
To Soviet Republics
WASHINGTON.—Forty per cent
of all Imports Into the Soviet Union
for the year ending September 30,
came from the United States, according to a report from the commissariat of foreign trade to the
Russian information bureau in
Washington. This made the United
States the leading source of soviet
imports. Total foreign trade for
the Soviet Union was $644,000,000,
or nearly 60 per cent of the prewar average, and an increase of 33
per cent over last year. September
imports were the largest since
1917. These Included American
cotton to the value pf $9,680,000,
cotton goods Worth $3,650,000,
American tractors worth $1,600,-
000, and other agricultural machinery worth $1,460,000.
T. Boland, L. R. Crocker, M.
Flynn, Mr. George, B. Hamll, C.
Henderson, J. Hesketh, T. Hannah, R. Horn, J. Hodson, N.
Jones, M. Kirk, A. Knox, J. McKay, R. Matthews, J. McDonald,
A. W. Ogden, A. E. Pugh, J.
Starr, S. Warren, Wm. Worrall.
Hospital Notes
Many of the crew of the S.S.
Wairuna were In St. Paul's Hospital through the serving of bad
food aboard the ship, according to
reports from those that were in
the hospital. This is an unusual
occurrence on ships that sail under New Zealand and Australian
flags. Most of the men have recovered sufficiently to return to
the ship, with the exception of
Brother . Larsen (trimmer) and
Brother M. McPhall (able seaman).
Brother James Scoular of the
S.S. Canadian Coaster Is discharged from St. Paul's Hospital, although not completely recovered.
Brother Gllmartln is still at
the General  Hospital.
Joseph Montero is at St. .Paul'*
from the S.S. Wearpool, suffering
from lumbago. He ls very thankful to the Federated Seafarers' Ujn-
lon for favors extended.
Asbestos workers 	
Bricklayers   	
Electrical workers 	
Elevator constructors 	
Engineers 	
Granite cutters 	
Hod carriers 	
. lathers	
Marble and stone polishers	
Painters 	
Plasterers 	
Plumbers 	
Sheetmetal workers 	
Slate and tile roofers	
Stone cutters 	
Structural Iron workers	
Carpenters 	
Total 	
On the face of the figures the
plasterers union is the strongest
organized craft with a membership
equal to 70% of the workers engaged ln the trade. The bricklayers
though reporting to the A. F. of L.
a membership of 70,000 occasionally claim a membership of 120,000
journeymen and apprentices. This
Would" give the union control of approximately 85% ofthe trade. Other
well organized crafts are carpenters, electrldans, structural iron
workers and painters. Less than
10% of the 623,203 unskilled work-,
ers in the industry are organized.
_ If the building trades unions continue their rate of growth, the
report points out, they will have
tbe largest membersMp in their
history in 1926, exceeding the record enrollment of 869,000 In 1921
Union officials are quoted as.stating that this increased membership gives assurance that the supply of union labor will amply meet
requirements and that any large
slackening in building activity may
result In a surplus of both skilled
and unskilled workers.
2,040
70,000
142,000
5,200
16,900
9,500
47,500
8,001
2,300
92,800
25,200
35,000
25,000
3,000
4,900
16,000
315,000
819,440
2,350
70,000
142,000
8,122
16,090
9,028
49,000
8,000
3,000
103,300
30,000
35,000
25,000
3,000
5,000
17,700
315,000
824,090
Who  Ji   BILL   HtJNOERFOI
Ask Any Labor Han.
STANFORD
ROOMS
863 SEYMOUR STBBBT
Housekeeping   and   Transient
Central—Termi Moderate
Under  New  Management
•Bill" Hungerford and M.
brid|«, Propa.
Denies That Miners
Are Near Starvation
WASHINGTON.—Denlial that the
anthracite miners who have been
oh strike In Pennsylvania since
Pept. 1 are near thie end of their
financial resources Is made hy a
representative of the International
office of the United Mine Workers,
now ln Washington.
"They have, been saving their
wages," he says, "and can stay on
strike for a year, if neceBsary,
without going hungry.
While the American, Federation
of Labor has as yet taken no part
in public discussion of the attacks
now being brought by the anthracite and the bituminous operators
against the United Mine Workers,
an understanding exists between
the executives of the Federation
and the miners' union. At the
moment when a statement is judged to be opportune. President
Green of the A. F. of L., will point
out to the country the significance
of the operators' tactics and the
attlude of organized labor in general toward the struggle.
BRUCE'i
SUIT
SALE
Big reductions, splend
values. Begular prid
$22.50 to $42.50, nov"
$15 to $37.1
C. D. BRUCl
Limited
Oor. Homer and Hastlnga i
VANOOUVER, B.O.
Send in your subscription today.
Advertisers are helping us. Reciprocate by buying from them,
and tell them you saw lt ln the
Advocate.
The Original
HARVEY
Logging B00J
HAND-MADE BOOTS
for
LOGGERS, MINERS,
CRUISERS and
PROSPECTORS
Quick Serrlea for Bepairi
All Wuk Guaranteed
«»eiel Attention to Hall Orde!
H. Harvey]
IitablUhet la Tanerarer lm IW]
U CORDOVA STREET •w^*m*^at_?*Wi!*W**!m
KV Deeember.il, 1925
_s~
-. THE CANADIAN LABQB ADVOCATE
Page Severe
ih Bosses Attack
|*bor Party's Income
">ON.—A biU to prevent
trade unions from levying
luembers for political pur-
Li to be introduced in Par-
next year by a Tory M. P.,
[attempt to deprive labor of
fascial basis of its political
Mi. As the law stands at
trade unions are entitled
ie political levies, but indi-
tmembers who object to the
[ay claim exemption.
knowledge   that   such   a
Ire would arouse the united
ice   of   the   whole    labor
bent led to the failure of an
tt  to   Introduce   a   similar
re last March.   It is known
te Tory party is divided on
pue ,the employers' group-
as the  "Forty Thieves"—
[solidly behind it, while the
ted Disraelian Tories think it
Ijable to throw down such a
Challenge to organized labor.
tool Conference
[.Decisions Hit Snags
(.DON.—Exclusion of the
tunists, voted by the Liver-
labor party conference, ia hit-
lime snags among labor bod-
Vhe decision does not apply
I trade unions, over whose in-
> affairs the Labor party has
fntrol, and which refuse to
filnate against Communist
Communists   still   re-
aembers of the Labor party
trtue of their trade union
eership. Many even of the
[Labor parties have refused
fry out the decision and have
nominated Communists as
pandidates for public offices,
recent elections  22  Com-
i ran ln London alone as
nominated Labor condidates,
lie same held true of a num-
other localities.
Britain's "Mutiny Act"
Building Workers Seek
Wages For Rainy Daya
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON—Good    progres     has
Sailors' Wages Reduced: bee,n made by tne B^-committee
ro > -n    *•-   \m       _. °^   tne  -NatioMl.  Federation    of
UWnerS   FrOIltS MOUnt Building Trades Operatives and the
  National Master Builders with the
(British Labor Press Service)      scheme providing for the payment
LONDON—Beyond a rare refer- oI wet ttone for buldtng trades oj>-
ence to the fact that the shipping eratlves.
,__«.___      ™   *...,. p u, w«_»u«.i,   .. industry  always pleads the  most     It is stated that the sub-commit-
wTHu'tV"^"*™™ th«V»^tan'pT of abJect poverty whenever an aippll- tee will pla«e before a full meeting
s^rr mrrderT; £•%£ £££?££ ron as -*■by the workera £or -Zi^rr°Th 8ld? *
Hjg MaJeBty>s Wgh geag upon ,ea(jh improved  wages,  no  comment  ls commendations for the acceptance
and every one' of the prisoners." necessary "Pon the following item ot » -Kheme whereby a total con-
The   result   of  this   cruel   and from the City Notes of the Times tribution of 6d. per operative will
illegal conviction and sentence la *« Monday last, viz.: be paid into the fund—id.  from
well known.   Such a flame of in-      "Shareholders in the  Creasing- ^employer and 2d. from the op-
dlgnation went through the coun- ton  Steamship  Company  will  be era. ve"
try that the mep were eventually able to look back upon the results     In tne Hrst p,aoe' the **«*»« to-
pardoned, of the company's liquidation with t0 * °Perated for » experimental
Ninety  odd years have  passed no less satisfaction than they der- pe™d of thrwl yearSl
'By O. N. DORE.
(Editor's Note—Twelve members
of the British Communist Party
were recently tried on a oharge of
sedition, and sentenced to terms
ranging from 6 to 12 months each.
up  to  receive sentence,  and  the
learned judge told them:—
"That not for anything they had
done, or intended to do, but as an
example to others, he considered it
Incitement to Mutiny Act, passed
in 1797. The writer, O. N. Dore,
in the following article tells why
this law was originally enacted,
and shows that in the 128 years of
its existence it has been used only
twice.)
rpHE year 1797 opened badly for anfl ^ aga]n ^ ^ ftppearg.  ^ ^ ^ exUtence u & going
* the government. _ and
ion's Organization
Doing Useful Work
SfDON.—The Labor move-
' of Manchester has given a
I by organizing a Women's
111 of Action.
treat deal of useful work hM
pone and a splendid confer;
teas held a few days ago.
ates   representing   the   Wo-
Co-operative    Guilds    the
Labor  Parties,   Communist
Locals, I. L. P.  Branches,
abor Party Women's Sections
Relegates.
Conference . sent  fraternal
|nga to the Russian working
A powerful resolution deling the Locrano Pact, as a
of war aimed at Russia,
wed.    -
Solutions were also passed
Vtujating the Ufliity of action
|yed in July during the
struggle. The women
themselves to support the
.trial Alliance and to render
assistance.
once   again
They had been spending money  working men, .,
furiously on armies abroad and ad- 	
vances  to  foreign  kings,  and  in   __^^____^__
spite of enormous taxation were
practically bankrupt.
At the same time the seamen
were having an exceedingly b%d
time. Their officers were taking
most of their prize money, their
food was pot fit for dogs, their
treatment on board ship was both
vile and degrading, and most of
them were pressganged into the
service.
They petitioned the government
to assist them. Quite the usual
thing happened.
The Admiralty treated their
complaints as the work of some ill-
disposed persons and of no consequence, with the result that the
whole of the me,n mutinied and
took control of their ships, hoisted
the red flag, sent two delegates
from each ship on board the flagships where they formulated their
demands and forwarded them to
the government,
It was in the midst of this mutiny, on June 2, 1797, that William
Its  vlctima
FROM AGITATOR TO
MAYOR
LONDON.—To preside over
the bosses wbo fired him from
his job some time ago, la the
pleasant duty of O. E. Taylor,
new labor mayor of Shoreditch,
que of tbe London wards. Taylor was up to a few years ago
employed by the Shoreditch
municipal council as a street-
sweeper and scavenger, and was
fired because a member of the
council recognized bim as an
active labor agitator.
The sum so collected would, it
is submitted, provide a fund of
£350,000 per annum, and would be
more than sufficient to guarantee
60 per cent, payment for time lost
through wet and inclement weather, or other causes over which the
are concern.
"The   liquidator   (Sir   Basil   -.
Mayhew)   has  just  announced   a
third and final return of capital at
the rate of lis. 11-14d. for every £1
share,  making a total  return  of I!' T.'.!L"T?_T             .   .
,_. ,  ,    __■_.    „    ., ,.        ...     workers have no control
capital In the liquidation of 56s.	
11 V.i. per share.
"During its lifetime the company had since 1912 never paid a
dividend of less than 10 per cent.,
and latterly the dividend had been
20 per cent.
British Sailors' Union
Suffers Severe Splits
British Textilers
Put On Short Time
LONDON.—Two new unions for
Moreover, the shareholders last British seamen are announced aa
year received a special bonus in an °ut«r°wth of the recent atrike.
the shape of one share in the Unit- , e tInlted Seamen's union Is
ed British Steamship Company—a formed in Lon-lon by some of the
dividend-paying concern with a strlkers' and an organization call-
paid-up   capital   of   £400,000—for lng Itself the ^derated Seamen's
Union of Britain and Ireland la
also announced. The seamen are
one of the weakest sections of
British organized labor, only about
15 per cent organized, and even
these are divided into rival unions.
While the rest of BrttlBh labor ia
LONDON.—All   efforta   to   dis-  maintaining   its   wags   standards,
every two shares held."
McDonald Fails To
Oust "The Red Flag"
LONDON. — Much   unreal   has place the Red Flae as the anthem the seamen have, recently had to
been   created  among the  Lanca-
of the Master Spinners' Federation
Pitt rose in the house of commons  to shortep the working week,
to move for leave to bring in a bill
"for   the   better   prevention   and
punishment of all attempts to in-
of   British   organized  labor  have submit to a $6 a month cut   ar-
shire mill workera by the declalon falled. according to the admiaalbn ranged   by   the   officials   of' the
of The Daily Herald,  which has largest  seamen's   union,   the   Na-
been running a competition to dis- tional    Sallore'     and    Firemen's
The Federation has" decided to  oover whether a better labor song union  which,   like   its  rival,   the
than the Red Flag could be written Amalgamated     Marine    Workers'
or composed.   The judges have de- union, is affiliated with the Trades
recommend that mills in the Amer
ican  section  shall  work  only  36
cite  sedition and  mutiny  in  Hia hours per day week during Decern-  oided  that. inot one of  the songs Union Congress.
Majesty's for* as."    (The Unlawful   ber and January. This will mean sent in Is worthy of the prize ana  -  -
Oaths Act, 1797.)
He stated that evil-disposed
persons had undermined the discipline of the seamen and that seditious handbills had been distributed at Newcastle, Nottingham,
Maidstone, Canterbury, and Salisbury, accompanied by rumors of a
false apd scandalous nature.
that mills will stop work on Fridays and not resume until Tuesdays.
Three hundred thousand workers will be affected.
It is considered certain that the
Federation's recommendation will
be adopted by the spinners.
The reason given for this reduc-
The extreme penalty under this  tlon in hours to ^^ the BV*™era
so no prize is to be awarded.
The competition was started
after a speech of Ramsay MacDonald in which he criticized the
Red Flag and said, "We still want
our great labor song." MacDonald's criticism brought a deluge of
protests from labor circles all over
the country. This song has so long
been associated with every labor
are unable to produce at a profit.'
it is time the workera took a hand.
Act was seven years' banishment
across the seas (now penal servitude) both for principal and aiders
and abettors.
Whilst the men at Portsmouth
were granted certain concessions Court F&VOrS F&SCisti,!
and induced to become loyal again,
those at the Nore continued to
fight on until the government defeated them and hanged Richard
Parker, their leader, to the yard-
arm, at the same time banishing
many of the seamen to the hulks.
"Sign Up or Get Out,"
Railwaymen's Slogan
LONDON—Flag days as ai union
organization method have recently been tried in England-by.
the National Union of Railway-
men with success. To ensure "lOO
per cent union organization on the
railroads   the   union   had   its   or-
struggle  in  Great Britain  that  a
When the bosses can no "longer  remarkable emotional loyalty to it ganizTrTgiVrflaTs* with "he uni«,n's
run their own industries efficiently ha* b«W developed among all sec-  co]ors Jy tQ t^seW™ "^
tions.
Cement Workers On
Strike For 34 Weeks
ing. For the London area'50,000
flags were used, and practically
100 per cent results reported from
most of the big freight yards. An
extension of this campaign to the
transport workers under the Jurls-
Reds Get Prison Term
LONDON.—The dropping of the     LONDON—   Employees   of   the diction of the Transport and Gen-
prosecution against the four fascist East   Anglican   Cement   Company eral Workers' Union is under con-
gunnten who held up and stole a have now been on strike for over aideration.
truck  containing  8,000  copies  of thirty-four weeks to  enforce  the	
(By Federated Press.)
L.ORADO  SPRINGS,   Colo.—
hundred sixty bltumious mln-
: the Pikevtew mine near Col-
Springs are enjoying wage
ae a result of a 12-hour
Day men now get $5.75 In-"
|of $5.25. They had demanded
\ instead of 51c a ton. They
63c.
In your subscription today.
VAHOOUVEB HABBOTJB
OOMMISSIONBBS
ILIO-ITIONS, addressed to the nn-
prslgned, for the position of As-
; Harbour Master, will lie received
December 15th next/ at the of-
. of Vanconver Harbour Commls-
Yorkshire Building,
applicants holding certificates as
of foreign-going ships will be
Rered.
following  particulars   are   esien-
making application, vij.t
1-tUlcates,    copies    of    testimonials,
Tete record of sea service, age, na-
l.lty and war service.
W. D. HAB7IJ!,   .
Secretary.
Ivember 27th, 1925.
The next time this Act appears The •0a-^f Herald, Britain's labor payment of the minimum rate of p0i:sI,  finv_M«nni_Bii*
it   was   used  witli   brutal   effect  daily, ls calling forth a nationwide is. 0%.d. an hour. """" ««»««iuieiu
against  the  Trade   Union   Move-  Protest.    The  leniency  shown  to     The strikers have remained solid Dislikes HenderSOH
ment. fascist   lawbreakers   haa   become throughout, and their gallant ac- 	
On Maroh 1, 1834, aix agrlcul- notorious, ever since the convicted tion in resisting all the coercive . LONDON — Arthur Henderson,
tural laborers were brought before kidnappers of Harry Pollitt, Min- efforts of the owners to force theim who was not allowed to address the
the bench at Dorchester for dar- ority Movement leader, were ac- back has roused the. sympathies of Young Men's Christian Association
ing to combine to secure wages at lotted. Previous fascist outrages disinterested individuals in the at Hartford, Connecticut, because
the   rate   of   seven   shillings   per  nave been mostly agalnat the left Cambrideshike area. he 'stood for Socialism, and Inter-
week. wi"8 of the labor movement, but      Many   subscriptions   have   been nationalism." appears to have come
In order to ensure their convic- now they have attacked the offl- made to keep the strikers' families under the ban of the Polish author-
tlon they were charged under Pitt's   clal  organ  ot  the whole  British trom. starvation. lties.
Act of 1797, and the judge—Baron  labor movement.   In Poland the. weekly paper of
John   Williams—Is    reported   to "~ PROSPECTrvF AMATrAMA-nnw the IndePen<ient Socallst Party, the
have said: "If such societies were MARCONI MEN STRIKE      -   x"«or^il*'!' »»««™"ioi<  "Socjalista," wes seized because it
allowed to exist, it would rudn LONDON.—As a result of the LONDON.—A meeting is to be j^,, printed a paragraph from the
masters and destroy property, and dismissal of nine senior operators, "eld in the near future, with a view speech ,„ade by Henderson at the
if they (the jury) should not find the wireless operators employed by to considering an amalgamation of openiing ot the international Con-
the prisoners guilty, they Would the Marcorfl Company struck work ^e National Union of T^rtUe gregB ln Marseilles. When the paper in its next number stated that
the banned passage had come from
Henderson, - this information was
also confiscated.
forfeit  the  good   opinion   of  the on November 2.
grand Jury." The  Company  has  refused  to of Woolcombers.
George Loveless, ln his reply for me9t the officials of the Associate prisoners said, "We have In- tion of Wireless and Cable Tele-
jured no man's,reputation, charac- eraphists, who represent the men.
Workers and the National Union
TRAM WORKERS STRIKE
LONDON.—Five   hundred   men	
ter, person, or property; we were to discuss the dismissals which, it and women tram and bus drivers The child born in poverty Is as
uniting to preserve ourselves, our is alleged, are in violation of the and  conductors employed  by  the fine a child physically as the well
wives   and   children,   from   utter letter and spirit of an agreement Lanarkshire   Tramways   Company born   at   birth;   deterioration   is
degradation and starvation." covering the conditiona of the em- a.re on strike against a reduction  caused  by  bad  surroundings. R.
On March 17 they were brought ployees.                                             in wagea of 2s. a week. b. Suthera.
v..u.i.i* ivvt* 10,111,
*r.  jieooei. Page Eight
TEE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, December U, 11
Education in Soviet Union
•By  SCOTT NEARING
A Russian Campus
CTALINGKAD, Ukraine. — Four
^ hundred students in the technical institute at Stalingrad, Central Ukraine, are paid a monthly
wage for attending college. The
authorities provide educational
work, living quarters aflid a part
of the food the students consume.
In addition they give all students
a wage.
An American.accustomed to the
atmosphere of the ordinary college campus in New England or
in the Middle West has a queer
feeling when he steps on this
campus. He does not get the
feeling from the buildings or the
equipment. They are very much
like buildings and equipment in
the United States—not bo elaborate, perhaps, but as far as laboratory-apparatus goes, almost aa
up-to-date.
The feeling comes from the
students. They are different.
Stalingrad Is a coal, iron and
steel and machine manufacturing
copter. There are only about 37,-
000 people in the town, but the
surrounding country is Industrial.
At the present moment all of
these industrial enterprises are in
the hands of the workers. It is
they who, indirectly through their
government, and directly through
their power of appointment, coiti-
trol this technical college. No
student can enter the college except on the recommendation of
some branch of tlie labor movement.
Before coming to the college,
each student must have worked at
least a year in some occuaptlon.
During his vacations he must devote at least 2 months of each
year to practical work l|Ti his
chosen profession. The Stalingrad
Technical College is a practical
training school for the directors
of working class industry. It ls
a workers' college in the best
sense of that term.
Two main courses are developed in the school—a course ln mining and a course in mechanical
engineering. The student body is
about equally divided between
these   two   groups.
Here is a student who wishes
to become a mining engineer. He
works about one "year In or about
the mines. Then, with a recommendation from the miners'
union, he applies for admission to
the technical college.
Under certaip special circumstances he may be admitted to a
training course without having
completed the work of the lower
schools, Ordinarily, however, he
is expected to go through what
would be ln the United States an
elementary school and a ltfgn
school. Having satisfied these
requirements, the students ia enrolled.
He takes the regulation courses
in mathematics, chemistry, metallurgy, drawing, languages, etc.
In addition, he and 2, 3, or 4 of
his fellow students are assigned
to one of the mines in the neighborhood. In this mine they must
spend at least one day each weeK
and must present a weekly report
on the mine. During the summer
they spend two months in this
mine and hand In a yearly report
on Its operations. Unless lor
some reason they are tranarerrefl.
they spend three and a half years
studying this mine, theoretically
a*nd practically. That completes
the course. Then, in a year or
two, if they demonstrate their
capacity as engineer, they receive
certificates of proficiency.
The student entering this
school has another experience ln
store. When he joins the student
body he joins a self-governing
commonwealth. The students' cooperative feeds the student body,
houses the student body, provides
lt with supplies. The student organization ls represented ln the
proportion of one student to two
teachers, on all the faculties. Tho
students handle their own affairs
and help, actively, to run the college.
Stalingrad students arc o*tily a
little older than American college
students, but among them all
there ls not a single "gentleman's
son," and so far as one may judge
not one who expects to become
the father of "gentlemen." Seventy percent of the students are
either members of the Communist party or are Toung Communists.
Each student ls a member of
the union that recommended him.
These folks have turned their
faces away from the past and are
out to build a co-operative society.
There is nothing like this student
body anywhere in the United
States.    .
Life is a struggle at Stalin
Technical college. The beds ip the
big dormitory have straw matres-
ses resting directly on boards.
The food is plentiful, but very
plain. All luxuries are missing.
There are but few comforts. Still
the students and professors alike
step out buoyantly. Their eyes
kindle. They have set out together for a far country.
They are the trained pioneers
of a new social order,
Our Open Forum
- BOOK  REVIEW
Headers of The Labor Advocate are
invited to send In letters for publication in our "Open Forum." Tbls ls
a "tree for all" No communications
will be censored so long as writers
refrain from indulging ln personalities. Letters sbould not exceed '260
words, lbe management of lbe Ad- -
vocate assumes no responsibility for
opinions expressed ln tbis space.
By ESTHER LOWELL
Sing   a   song   of    "Welfare,"
Forty   'leven kinds,
Elevate   your   morals,
Cultivate  your.. minds.
Kindergartens,' nurses,
Bathtubs,  books  and flowers,
Anything but  better pay
Or shorter working hours.
Editor Labor" Advocate:
Reading on page 3 of your paper of December 4th that Spanish
agricultural laborers work 15 hours
daiily for a terribly low wage, may
I state through your columns that
in Great Britain and Ireland the
farm workers put in from 16 to
18 hours per day, with 12 hours
on Sunday (those in charge of live
stock), and this slavery brings
them in a wage of 30 shillings per
week, or equal to $7.20, with which
many have to support a wife and
children.
I may add that there is an Agricultural Workers' Union, but this
does not represent half the laborers, and the farmers see that the
full time is put in just the same.
Surely there is some better treatment needed for these hard worked toilers of the soil.
'     OLD COUNTRYMAN.
Student Government'
STALINGRAD, Ukraine—Solomon Forer is the student-body
president of the Krupskaya school
in Stalingrad, Ukraine. Sol is 15,
tall, rangy, outspoken. Here is
his description of student organization in this school of 1,000
working   class   children:
"There are 18 classes in this
school," he explained. "Each class
holds an election and picks a secretary and two others. The 18
secretaries make-up the student
executive. They meet and select
a president, a secretary, a chairman o£ the sanitation committee,
a chairman of the sports committee and three members ip charge
of club work. These seven _ are
the active executives of the "student body for 3 months till the
next election."
"What ls your chief problem in
handling this job?" I asked Pres.
Forer.
"Discipline," he answered promp
tly. "We have no trouble with
olub work ana the like. They
take care of themselves—almost.
But discipline takes a great of
our thought and time. Each class
handles its own discipline, as far
as it can. When a matter is
beyond the class it comes before
our executive."
"What happens then?"
"Well, then, if we cannot dispose of the matter otherwise, the
executive holds a trial and reaches
a decision. The whole eighteen
participate in such a trial.".
"Is their decision final," I asked.
"No, not final. Any decision
they reach comes before the school
committee for review."
"Who is on the school committee?"
"There are four: the principal,
the assistant principal, a representative of the workers in the school
(clerk, janitor, etc.), aflid the president of the student body."
"So you, as president, have a
chance to present your committee's
case?" I inquired. "Are you
usually upheld?"
"Yes, usually. We try to make
decisions that are within reason."
"Does the school committee
have anything else to do except to
review the decisions of your executive committee?"
"Surely. It plans and directs all
the work of the school."
"And you, a student, sit in that
committee?"
"Surely," he answered. "We are
going to school here. Is not the
school organized for the students?"
"Does not this work take a lot of
your school time?" I inquired.
"Not so much," was his answer.
"We divide the work among us and
the membera ot. the student corn-
Editor's Note.—In Canada agricultural workers are worked 10
and 12 hours a day during the
summer and fall, starved during
the winter, and called "vagrants"
and the "worst element," by such
gentlemen as the editor of the
Vancouver Star.
Sharp Conflict At
I.L.G.U. Convention
PHILADELPHIA. — Right and
left wings clashed at the opening
sessions of the International
Ladies' Garment Workers' Convention, meeting fiye" months early in
Philadelphia. The first few days
of this Important meeting gave
Uttle indication of the final program that would be adopted, but
showed a voting majority for the
administration on the first test
vote. . This vote came when Morris Sigman, international president,
and David Dubinsky, president of
the New York Cutters' Local
Union won the fight to have the
report of the credentials committee referred to the committee on
appeals and not to the convention
floor.
The delegates of six locals, three
of each side, were disputed, but are
seated pending decision. Two left
wing delegates, however, were not
seated. The left group fight was
led by Louis Hyman, manager of
the New York Joint Board, and by
the heads of the three big local
unions suspended earlier in the
year, but finally reinstated after
prolonged struggle with the international.
mittee help each other out. We
learn a lot this way."
"Do the students like this system?"
"They like lt much better than
the dull regime they had before. If
they did not, do you suppose they
would stand for lt?" He smiled,
but he l leant it. v
Sol is going to be a^ engineer.
After he finishes this last year
in the elementary school (ages 8 to
15) he will work for a year In a
machine shop. Then he will be
ready for a professional school
that takes boys at 16 and keeps
them for three or four years, preparing them for the field they have
chosen. After that Sol does not
know. He is working hard at
present to round out his immediate
program,
I met him ln the students' room.
It was a small, well-kept room under student control. Its care is a
part of the student club work.
There was a buslness-Uke air about
the place. As for the classrooms
and* school discipline, they were
quite exemplary.
Children know howl
CO Will Herford, now of Life,
^ wrote once upon a time ln
(The Masses. And the jingle ls
true enough of employers today—
perhaps more than ever.
Not all that appeared in this
early record of rebellion against
20th century injustices stands up
so well as Herford's light rhyme.
Some of the poetry especially,
much of It collected now in May
Days (May Days: An Anthology
of Masses-Liberator Verse 1912-
1924, chosen and edited by Genevieve Taggard. Boni and Llverlght
publishers, New York. $3), was
too hopeful, to vaguely idealistic,
too quickly to be won by Wilson's
wordy liberalism that turned to
imperialism in practice. It would
take an anthology of drawings, articles and editorials to give the
real rebel flavor that gave readers
of the Masses a thrill.
Genevieve Taggard estimates
the movement which the Masses
and Liberator expressed from 1912
to 1924. She reminds of pre-war
days when the "happy, well-bred
and lively society" that "desired to
be much more" "were playing
hardest of all" at rebellion stimulated partly by the stink of Chicago's packinghouses carried to their
nostrils by Upton Sinclair's Jungle.
The early Masses was easy to read,
happily scoffing, the forefather of
Life, Vanity Fair, and the New
Yorker who continue to spoof
gaily at the established order of
society, But the Masses had its
stirring first-hand stories and
drawings of strikes and the sharp
facts of the workers' struggle.
When the world went to war
and reality became less pleasant,
the artists began to part. Those
among them who had seen the
bitter war of miners in Pennsylvania, West Virginia—some of the
real, never-ending struggle of
workers in Amerlia, found that
they could not cry aloud politely
and were forced to uttfcr their
protest from behind prison bars.
The poetry produced by the wartime political prisoners is atabng
the best preserved from the Masses, to mention only those strong
songs of Ralph Chaplin..
"The working class needs artists," says the compiler of May
Days. "It has no one to convince
of its quality but itself." But she
finds artists divided from workers now: Some Masses artists
faring well financially by entertaining their former persecutors.
The poetry of the old Masses had
less of the rebellious spirit of
workers against oppression; the
drawings   more   (though   not   so
. much   the   otherwise   fine
cuts of J.  J.  Lankes used'.
in May Days).   But-one do|
want to forget the cry of the
Crock Miner, the Kanawha i
er:
Oood Qod I   Must I now meekly
bead
And cringe back to tbat gloom i
so well I 1
Forget- the   wrongs   my   tonguj
never tell, j
Forget the plea tbey silenced wit)
lead, .
Forget tbe hillside strewn with
ed dead,
Where   once   they   drove  me—n
me when I fell t
All black and bloody by  thein
of hell,
While all my  loved ones wept
fortedl
Is thiB the land my fathers fou
own*— '
Here where they curse me—beatej
alone? \
But Ood, it's coldl    Uy chlldrJ
and cry, J
Shall I go back Into the mines an]
And lash the conflagration of my .
Or shall I stand and fight th
I die I
What  poet  is writing of\
Virginia todaiy? What artist
ing there?   The workers mulj
ways   flghtj   for   themselves,}
usually  fight  alone.    Artist*
only "overpoweringly express^
when they  do  put  the wd
struggle into art they call
tion to the fight and may
aid   from   thlose  who   would
otherwise have known of th^
tie.
Employers Blamed Fq
High Accident
NEW   YORK.—The   new
record of 374,000 industrial |
dents for New York State in '•
reported   by   the   state   induj
commissioner,   has  aroused
unionists, and at the State
Congress in Syracuse,  repres.
tives  of  the  state  federatiol
labor have been demanding*!
building contractors and otheq
ployers co-operate  in  eilmiiij
this waste of life and limb.
Henry Taylor, secretary
New   York   State   Associate
Builders, an employers' orgd
tiofli, had taken considerable]
with a general talk on the ne,
public education on safety wh
was   brought   up   to   a   turf
Emanuel Koveleskl, vlce-pre,
of the state federation of la
"What are the contractor^
state  doing  to   bring  about)
safety proposition?" KovelesM
manded.   "What is your orgd)
tioa doing?   Un Rochester C]
is a Rochester man)  a tew
ago  we had  to  threaten a]
tractor   with   arrest   after
deaths for not planking the fj
If the contractors will come J
with   clean   hands   tlie   bu
trades organization upstate '
operate with them, and we'l_|
these things."
Pass this copy to your shq
end get him to subscribe.
Extra Special
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KIBLER'S SHOETERI-
(The Beat for Less)
163 HASTINGS ST. E.       (Almost Opposite the Librsu;

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