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The Canadian Labor Advocate Nov 13, 1925

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 THE CANADIAN
With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. FEDEF_f flONIST
"» =====
Seventeenth Year.  No. 46
VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY MORNING, NOV. £   1925
  / <7 n_________=
Eight Pages.
5c A COPY
Labftti M.L.A Demands
Exclusion of Ku Klux
VICTORIA.—In a scathing attack on the Ku Klux Klan, which
Is at present organizing in Vancouver, Frank A. Browne, Labor M.
L.A., for Burnaby, moved the following resolution, for the expulsion of the Klan from this province, as ah amendment to the
Speech from the Throne:
"We regret, however, that a
fraudulent, alien, terrorist organization known as the Ku Klux Klan
is attempting to organize in British Columbia;
"And that the purpose of this
Body is to perpetuate and promote
religious hate among our citizens,
and substitute lynch law for duly
constituted authority;
"Ahd that the past record of this
society is one of murder, violent
assault, and unspeakable crime.
"Therefore, we would urge your
government to take the necessary
steps to restrain this seditious
movement, and bar its membership from all elected or official
positions under the Crown."
In the course of his speech Comrade Brown told of the hideous terrors wrought by the Klan in American cities, and warned that the
same thing would happen here if
the organization was permitted to
grow.* He stated that it was a movement looked upon favorably by the
decaying American civilization,
which was always ready to make
use of any extra-legal weapon thai
would assist the government of that
country in retaining power.
Thirty-Seven Half-Starved jailors Quit
C. G. M. M. Ship In Four Months Trip
(By W. H, Donaldson, Secretary, Federated Seafarers' Union of Canada.)
of them stated they would never
go to sea again'if other ships sailing out of British Columbia ports
were anything like the C. G. M. M.
•"THE S. S. Canadian Ranger, an-
1   other of the 0. G. M. M. ves-
From Virginia the vessel sailed
for the UnitSd Kingdom, where
sels that sail from Vancouver, many more of the crew decided to
signed articles on June 13th, for a  take a vacation.   While at London
PURCELL SHOCKS
SCRIBES
Woodsworth To Speak
On Sunday Night Next
J. Gl. Woodsworth, Labor M.P.
for Winnipeg Centre, will be the
speaker at the Labor party meeting in the Royal Theatre on Sunday night next.
During the past four years Mr.
Woodsworth has been championing the cause of Canadian workers in the government citadel at
Ottawa, and has carried out his
work so well that the workers of
Winnipeg returned him again at
last election. A capacity audience
is expected, so those who desire
to hear Comrade Woodsworth better come ln time. The doors open
at 7:30.
Mr. Woodsworth will speak at
Jubilee on Saturday night, at 8 p.
m„ and at Belvedere Court at 9:15
p. m.
voyage to the United Kingdom and fourteen members left the ship,
back to Canada. Conditions aboard one of them being sent to ihe hos-
were so vile that while the ship was pltal. Those who joined the ship
still ih British Columbia ports London were greatly disappointed,
many of the crew quit before she and some of them deserted before
left the province. the vessel left port. The remainder
Starting at New Westminster the of the crew who returned to Van-
second cook decided that the ship couver were so disgusted that many
was going to be hungry, and deem- **ssb=bsss=zss=s=s=
ed lt better to get out than suffer
such hardships as the C. G. M. M.
is credited with. He was soon followed by other members of the
crew, Including firemen, sailors,
cooks, Stewarts* and the wireless
operator. Eighteen members of
the crew left the ship at the ports
of Vancouver, New Westminster
and Victoria.
Owing to the change some of
'jthose hired to fill the places of the
ones who quit were inexperienced
men, and they too, were more than
displeased with the conditions foisted upon them.
When the vessel reached- San
Francisco two more Of the crew
deserted, after which the ship
steamed to Norfolk, Virginia. As
soon as Norfolk was reached the
men who joined the vessel at
'Frisco made their get-away stating that it was no wonder Canadians were emigrating to the
States, if other jobs in the country
were as bad as that aboard C. 6.
M. M. ships.
ship' However, there are no other
vessels sailing on any of the seven
seas that are half so bad as this
government owned steamship line.
When the crew were paid off on
October 26th, very few of the original crew remained. In all thirty-
seven men had left the vessel, some
of whom had been sent to hospital.
So far as food was concerned,
there was a scanty supply at every
meal.    It is small wonder that so
Educational Workers
In Russia Organized
(By Scott Nearing, Federated
Press.)
MOSCOW.—Educational workers
in the Soviet Union are organized
Teachers, library workers and journalists all belong to the same federation.
Early in 1925 the membership in
this federation was 583,811, compared with 382,000 members in
1923. There are 17,294 library
workers and 11,230 journalists. The
other half million members of the
union are teachers.
Go where you will in the Soviet
Union, and you will find that most
of the teachers are union members. This is true even in tiny
villages. Eighty-nine per cent, of
all educational workers belong to
the federation.
Most of the educational workers
.     .-'(i*. .'   ,w        it-   are outside the Communist Party,
many cooks decided to  leave the -.....,-_ .     , . *
In the cities 13.2 per cent, of the
Russia Orders Textile
Machines From Britain
MOSCOW.—According to the
Isvestia, the delegation of the Soviet textile Industry that is now
visiting London has placed a big
order with the very well known
firm in Manchester pf Piatt
Brothers, the biggest factory In
the world producing machinery
for the textile industry.
The order can be executed in
12 or 14 months.
The managing director of the
firm aald that it is the biggest
order which was ever given to
the firm. Representatives of* the
Soviet trade delegation in London
declared that, so far, they have
placed in England orders for* 1,-
000,1.00 pounds out of the whole
sum of 15,000,000 pounds sterling
assigned for equipment for the
textile industry in the Union of
Socialist Soviet Republics,
Canadian Rail Barons
Suck Up C.N.R. Profits
(By C. McKay, Federated Press.)
MONTREAL.—When the Canadian government took over the
Grand Trunk, the Grand Trunk Pacific and the Canadian Northern
and combined them with the government railways, an executive of
the Canadian Northern was placed
in charge of the whole system. During his administration of two years
the operating deficits were $90,-
000,000. During the three years
Henry Thornton has been chief
executive, operating profits of $40,-
000,000 have been made, despite
substantial reductions In freight
rates.
Interest charged against the
Canadian National, however, total
about $65,000,000 a year. That burden was imposed on the Canadian
people by a government composed
of conservatives, liberals and pro-i
gresslves, mainly to save the Canadian Northern and some big banks
from bankruptcy, for years the
Canadian Northern had been selling bonds for as low as 30 cents on
the dollar. But the act, jammed
through parliament creating the
National system, made these bonds
worth  par  plus  accrued   interest.
By CARL HAESSLER, Federated Press
■T-HICAGO—The girl report-
ers sent by the city editors
of the daily papers to interview A. A. Purcell on world
trade union uMlty were rather
taken aback when they came
to the hotel Morrison to find
this member of the British
parliament, this president of
the 18,000,000 trade unionists
ln the Amsterdam International Federation oil Trade Unions
sitting without a collar and
with his shirt open at the neck,
talking simply and painstakingly nbout the fate of lalior in
terms of world organization.
It* was something the girls had
never before heard of, much
less thought about. Purcell, in
his natural, human almost
fatherly exposition upset their
ideals of imperial lawmakers
and of highly placed labor
chieftains.
"Conldn't the welfare societies remedy the 12-hour day
7 days a week that the 6-year
old boys and girls of Shanghai
have to work now," the glvls
asked. "Wouldn't the missionaries change all that?"
"They might but they don't,"
Pui-ccll patiently replied. "We
have found that trade union
organization and trade union
action is far more effective In
these matters than prayers or
welfare resolutions."
Anil when they left to teat
their deadlines Purcell turned
' to the Chicago trade union
committee that sponsored Ids
coming: "My word, nm I a
kindergnrden Instructor on labor problems to American reporters?" he nsked.
ship before making the round voyage.
It was on this ship, while at Victoria, that the cook and second
cook after serving the men with
their allowance—C. C. M. M. allowance—had nothing left" for
themselves, and on going to the
chief stewart to ask for more food
were told that they could have a
couple of red herrings to divide
between them. After that experience both cooks quit.
Can you blame them?
membership is Communist. In the
villages the percentage is 6.4. Most
of Russia lives In villages.
Wages are low. An effort is being
made to improve them. That is
the function of the Education
Workers' federation. Each worker
pays 2 per cent of his wago into the
federation treasury. The federation
through its local offices, represents
the workers in all of their dealings
with employers—whether state or
private.
A part of the energies of the federation is devoted to raising the
social  and   cultural   level   qf   its
members.
I speak the password primeval-*-
I give the sign of Democracy! By
God!   I will accept nothing which 	
all cannot have their counter part
of on the same terms.—Walt Whit-  Communists  Stage
man.
Huge "Celebration
Don't forget!    Mention the Advocate when buying.
New York Police Club
Strike Demonstrators
(By Federated Press.)
NEW     YORK. — New "   York's
hardest strike of the season  had
its  most  dramatic  day  with  two
mass demonstrations at the corner a ^alf 0j, the ,proceedings, after
of 12th street and 4th avenue, whlch dancing commenced and
where the twin International Tail-
Probably the largest number oi
people who ever attended an affair of Its kind in the history of
Vancouver were present on Saturday night last at the Clinton
Hall to join in celebrating the anniversary of the proletarian revolution in  Russia.
A concert program, and speech- ■
es in English, Finnish and Ukrainian,  occupied the first hour and
oring Co. and J. L. Taylor & Co.,
filling most ot the block, rise tn
stone and steel and glass for 12
stories.
The first demonstration rushed
a supposedly airtight injunction
off its feet, for the present at
least, and In the doi,pg of it
brought forth one of the wildest _
police clubbings this reporter has   Antl-ImperiallStS ASK
,Itheer,Thnen —" Tf   For Cuban Independence
continued until midnight.
The celebration was staged by
the Vancouver joint branches of
the Communist party of Canada,
and judging by the number present the members and sympathizers of the Communist party are
increasing rapidly in this locality.
Highlights on This
Week's News
seen,
hour
celebrating workers welcomed the
march Into their midst of 18 foremen and 85 key-position workers
In all from the plant that has
been fighting the union four affli
a half months.
(By Foderato'd 1'rcRs.)
NEW   YORK.—Blame   for   the
deportations    n,pd   -arrests    which
have  been  going   on   in   Cuba   Is
laid fllrectly at the door of Wall
PoUce"beg7n striking with fists  Street by the Cuban seotlon^the
and    the   butts   of   their    locust
CANADIAN
sticks,   but   as   the   workers   at-
* tempted to stand firm the police
Page*-swung at full arm length, flailing
Starved  Sailors Desert Ship      1
1
Exclusion of K.K.K.  Demanded
The common stock of the Canadian  ^to™"'01"-'  Cmb  Formed	
Northern was worth nothing;  but AMERICAN'
the politicians assessed it at $10,-  Pul' Workers  Win  Strike.
000,000—a present of $5,000,000
back to Wm. MeKertzie and Donald
Mann. Over $197,000,000 of doubtful claims of this company was ao-
<_e.pted at par. And for over $7,-
000,000,000. which the 'Canadian
No'i'thei-n' Cost the government, the
people got a railway nearly physically derelict.
Women   As* Breadwinners  5
Stoel Trust's Huge Profits , 8
BBITISH
Labor M.P.'s Report on. Russia  7
London's   Red   Raids .....,..,.,, 7
Unions'Halt  Wago   Cuts  7
FOREIGN
Russian   Teachers   Organized  1
Mussolini  Boasts of Terrorism  3
Bulgftrlsn  Murder Hprro.a,..,,,..,,,,..,, V S
VitSiously
buttocks,
pickets.
lapsed
screams
ln six-foot arcs at the
sides and legs of the
One of the leaders col-
unconscious. Women's
rose  as   the   police   beat
them viciously.
Most of the strikers gave way,
police tearing after them with
flailing clubs. But- several managed to hold their positions for a
time, among these Ben Gltlow, a
member of the Amalgamated Cutters' local, and Workers' party
candidate tor mayor,
AU - America Anti - Imperialist
League, which points out that
President Machodo Is being regularly visited iby General 13. R*
Crowder, the American ambassador.
The Cuban section of the All-
America Anti-Imperialist League,
established only a few months
ago, has been very active, do-
ma,ndlng categorically that the
United States government relinquish its "thinly-veiled protectorate" over Cuba, consent to the
abrogation of tbe Piatt Amendment, and immediately withdraw
all military and naval forces from
Guantonamo Bay, '■■"*W,
Page Two
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Friday, November 13, 192
LOCAL LABOR NEWS
labor Defense
notes
International Club C.L.P. Nominates Its
Formed in Vancouver      Municipal Candidates
As a preliminary to the formation of an international club in
Vancouver, a luncheon was held at
the Ambassador Cafe on Thursday,
when about eighty people of various nationalities, were present.
Dr. Lyle Telford, who had convened the gathering spoke briefly
on the necessity for such a club—
especially in Vancouver where so
many nationalities meet. He outlined the aims of the club, and suggested that a programme along
educational lines, be adopted. He
also pointed out that it would be
desirable to welcome travelers—of
whatever nationality, and learn
their viewpoint. Only by an interchange of ideas and a better understanding of one another's ideas and
difficulties, could harmony be
maintained.
Mr. J. C. Goho (Gobar), who had
first conceived the idea of such a
club, spoke on the work for international education which was being done in India, and made several useful suggestions for the business of organizing. Professor Hill-
Tout deplored past methods of
handling international problems,
and enthusiastically suported the
effort that Is being made. Mr. Kobe
of U. B. C, spoke on the unenviable social position of the Japanese
in Canada due to race prejudice,
and on behalf of his countrymen
and women, promised every possible assistance. Mr. Cheng, editor
of the "Daily People" insisted, as
some of our own great thinkers do,
that nationalism is not opposed to
Internationalism; the Chinese were
strongly nationalistic, but this trait
helped them to an international
outlook.
Mrs. Stuart-Jamteson was also
enthusiastic about the Club and
voiced a hope that it would be conducted along practicable lines, as
is, for example, the Women's International League for Peace and
Freedom.
Rev. A, Williams of Wesley
Church emphasized the need for
the carrying out of such principles
as the club had in mind, here in
Vancouver. People usually turn
their attention to far-away problems, but there are many vital ones
awaiting solution in our own City.
A provisional board as representative as possible, was appointed,
as follows: Dr. Lyle Telford, Mr.
Goho, Mrs. Jamieson% Mr. Kobe,
Mr. Beverley Paten, Mr. Cheng,
Colonel Brothers, Professor Hill-
Tout, Mr. Meilicke, Mjr*. E. A. Davis,
Mr. S. Brent, Rev. Mr. Osterhout,
Rev. A. Williams, Rev. R. J. Mclntyre, Mr. Jas. Taylor, Mr. Hobson, Mr. Ajlb Singh (Sangha), Mr.
W. Lefeaux, Mr. Yonumura.
It is expected that the board will
meet some time during the coming
week.
Labor's candidates for the coming municipal election were nominated at last meeting of * the
Greater Vancouver Central Council of the Canadian Labor party.
It was decided to contest three
wards in the city, those selected
being Ward Six, R. P. Pettipiece;
Ward Seven, W. J. Seribbins;
Ward Bight, Angus Mclnnis. For
School Trustee, A. V. Lofting, and
for Parks Commissioner, W. Deptford.
Candidates were also appointed
to contest seats in South Vancouver. These were J. G. Smith, W.
H. Cotterill, J. Rankin, A. McDonald and J. Wilson. For School
Trustee, Alfred Hurry.
Nominations for the Burnaby
Municipal Council were left over
until next meeting of the C.L.P.,
which will be held on November
30th.
The various Labor councillors
who have held office during the
past year gave a resume of the
work they have endeavored to do.
At the close of the meeting it
was announced that on Wednesday evening next a meeting would
be held in the Holden Building
for the purpose of forming a La*
bor choir.
Reports from all parts of the
country show that every progressive unit. of organized labor, both
industrial and political, are responding favorably to the call of
Labor Defense. In some places local conferences will be called for
the purpose of organizing branches,
In other places branches will be
organized immediately.
A mass meeting was called by
the Canadian Labor Defense League in the Labor Temple, Sunday,
November 1st. Stirring addresses
were given by James Simpson and
Tim Buck. When Chairman John
Young appealed for members 89
joined, including a number of women. This adds another branch to
the list.
In response to the circular sent
to the unions and central labor
councils etc., the Toronto District
Labor Council replied it had decided to affiliate en bloc and at
the same time had passed a resolution calling upon its afflliated
units to support Canadian Labor
Defense.
The Executive Committee of the
Canadian Federation of Women's
Labor Leagues likewise supports
Canadian Labor Defense.
Kusbas Colony Seeks
American Engineer
(By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK—Engineers and
skilled mechanics from America
who would like to try their Industrial craftmanshlp In the new industry springing up on the steppes
of central Siberia under the guidance of the Kusbas autonomous
industrial colony are asked to communicate with the New York office of the enterprise at 799 Broadway.
This first call for a considerable
group of Americans that has been
made in a couple years follows the
announcement by S. J. Rutjers,
president of the board of managers,
that $2,000,000 will be spent the
coming fiscal year on new construction.
During October, 120 cases of
striking miners came before the
courts. 90 of these cases were
sent up for trial before the Supreme Court to be held in November. This entails a heavy erpense.
The lawyer demands $1600 before
he handles the cases. The Drumheller Branch of the C. L. D. L.
sends an urgent appeal to the National Office for assistance. Every
worker and all workers' organizations are urged to assist the miners and their wives who now face
the courts because they struggled
against a wage reduction.
Carpenters Show Wage
Increase Since 1924
Sweat Shop Conditions
In Eastern U.S. Homes
(By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK—Women, children.
and old men tolling in one and two
family houses in New York state
on clothing, embroidery and other
handmade articles of commerce are
subject In practise to no factory
laws limiting hours and providing
sanitation. Nor do state inspectors
visit to find out conditions.
This public indifference to the
smaller sweatshops is brought out
ln the department's annual report
setting forth Its arguments for legislation that would pu these smaller homework shops under the jurisdiction that aplies to licensed
tenements, of which 16,059 are reported.
Investigators from the Women's
Trade Union league have found
cases where whole families, father,
mother, little boys and girls, sit
late into the night with flying fingers and haggard faces.
Send ln your subscription today.
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press.)
CHICAGO. — Union carpenters
have continued to advance the
general level of wages during
1925, although their gains have
not been so numerous as those
recorded by the bricklayers and
electrical workers, according to
the report of the U.S. department
of labor on union wages and
hours. In seven of the 38 cities
covered by the report, union rates
for carpenters were higher on
May 1, 1925, than in 1924. In
two cities there were decreases.
The average rose from $1,056 per
hour Ip 1924 to $1,071 in 1925, a
gain of less than 1% per cent.
Extending the comparison back
to 1920, we find 21 of the 38
cities reporting increases, while 6
cities show declines in minimum
wages paid union carpenters. The
average of the 38 cities rose from
97.6c in 1920 to $1,071 in 1925,
a gain of 9.8 per cent. As the
cost of living has fallen over 15
per cent, in the same period, the
last five years have witnessed
material improvement in the living standards of union carpenters.
The 44-hour week prevails except in Cincinnati, whew they
work 44% hours, and in Richmond, where the regular week is
47-'hours. In 1920 unio*n carpenters worked longer hours in
Charleston, S.C.; Cincinnati, Indianapolis, New Orleans and
Richmond. Since 1913 fourteen
cities have been brought into the
44-hour column. .
St, Louis tops tlie Ust in car-
Lambert Reimers, age 20, was
shot in the back by the police while
picketting. He will never work
again. His father and brother
were both dismissed from the
Western Gem Mines when it was
discovered that Lambert was a
member of their family.
This wage struggle was very bitter in the Drumheller Valley. As
a result 300 men.are on the blacklist in this small place, which
means that one out of every 10
is victimized. Even the women of
the district are protesting against
this discrimination.
penter wages with a minimum 0f
$1.50 an hour. Pittsburgh follows
with $1.37%. The rates in St.
Louis ls a gain of 60 per cent
over 1920 and of 140 per cent
over 1913. In Pittsburgh the gains
have amounted to 53 per cent,
and 150 per cent., respectively.
Union carpenters have the lowest
scale in Charleston with-a rate of
70c, which means a reduction of
12%c from  1920.
Minimum hourly rates for union carpenters in 18 leading cities
in 1913, 1920 and 1925 were:
Olty— 1918.     1920.      1025.
Baltimore    $0,438 $0.90    $1.00
Boston 60     1.00      1.10
Chicago   66     1.25      1.25
Cleveland    50     1.25     1.26
Denver  60     1.125    1.125
Detroit  50     1.00      1.15
Indianapolis 60     1.00      1.15
Kansas  City 55     1.00      1.126
Los  Angeles 40       .876    1.00
NeW   Orleans..    .40       .76        .90
New York     .625    1.125    1.313
Omaha     50     1.125    1.00
Philadelphia 60     1.125    1.125
Pittsburgh  65       .90      1.375
St. Louis  625    1.00      1.60
San   Francisco   .625    1.063    1.044
Seattle      .563    1.00      1.00
Washington......   .500     .95     1.125
WHITE TERROR
ABROAD
lVTEWS to hand show that class
war fighters of all shades of
working class opinion, from oom-
munlsts to conservative trade unionists, are receiving merciless
treatment at the hands of the governments in various parts of the
world.
In September 19, leaders of the
Trade Union Movement of Roumania were arrested, the police declaring that they were holding an
illegal meeting. They have been
handed over to Court Martial. A
hunger strike has obtained for
them a temporary release.
In Bulgaria a reign of terror exists against the workers and peasants. Zankoff's government is excelling itself in showing how it can
exterminate those who rebel against
oppression. The report of the delegation sent by the Labor Women
in Great Britain is interesting in
this connection. This special delegation consisted of Dr. Marion
Phillips, chief woman organizer of
the B. L. P., Ellen Wilkinson, M.
P., and Lady Amesley. These women Were compelled to appeal to
Premier Tsankov to stop the activities of the secret police in connection with their visit. Their report shows that since the Sept
rising of 1923, 8,000 to 18,000 lives
have been taken. After the Sofia
affair in April a rough estimate
shows that from 2,000 to 5,000 people have suffered death or imprisonment or have fled. The Agrarian Party claim they have definite
proof of the disappearance of 2000
of their members. This term 'disappearance' covers those who have
been murdered by unauthorized
persons who usually in the form of
ex-officers corps, carry on terrlr-
ist work.
Within, the past few weeks the
members of a communist district
organization were arrested, tried
by court martial, and sentenced as
follows, 4 sentenced to death, the
rest to imprisonment from 8 to 15
years.
The Sofia court martial sentenced a group of students as follows:
One to death, 8 others to penal servitude for 10 years or more.
Persecutions in Hungary. Hungary is excited over the eapture of
Matthias Rakosi, a former People's
Commissar. He re-visited Hungary
was betrayed by spies in the labor
movement, and is to be tried by
special court. Such a court is
bound to issue a death warrant.
Rakosi's wonderful bearing before
the courts is gaining for him the
admiration of the workers. Rakosi
was at one time a member of the
British Social Democratic Federation. He is known to. many Eng-
linh speaking comrades of the labor movement. All will join ln
protest against this trial symbolic
of the period of the Dark Ages.
Rakosi must be saved from the
hangman's rope or the firing lines.
Great Britain is in line with the
white terror. The capitalist press
everywhere is jubilant over the fact
that the central executive committee of the Communist Party of
Great Britain has been arrested,
their headquarters raided, and all
their work exposed. At the moment these men are released on
bail.
Jol.n Whatley and Maxton are
putting up a free speech fight in
Glasgow. So far they have paid
the fines. Presently this way out
will be exhausted. They claim
they are ready to go to jail for the
sake of free speech.
AD!
Bird, Bird *i Lefeaux, 401 Metr
politan Bjidf.
BATHS
Vancouver '.risiklsh Baths, Pac*
Bldg., 744 parting* St W.
J_I*OTCLES
HASKIN8   *   K&LIOTT,   *«0   P-H
Street W. Tk* b-eet Bskti ot blcye'
on easy  termi. ,
BOOTS AN1> SHOES
Arthur Frith & Co., *tf$lS Main
BOOTS {hOGQIS-Sy
_. Harvey, 68 Cordova St. Wf.
OAFE
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastingi St.
CHIROPRACTOR
DR. D. A. MoMILLAN, PALME
Graduate. Open dallr snd eve,
ings. Dawson Blk., cor. Hastings aq
Msln.   Phone Sey. 6064.	
WANAIMO-WBLIJNOTOM
COAL
LESLIE  OOAL OO'T  Ltd.
 Phone 8*7. 7187
DENTIST
Dr.  W. J. Curry,  S01  Domlnlofl
Bldg.	
DRUGS
Red Star Drug Store,  Cor. Coi
dova and Carrall.
FLORISTS
Brown Bros, ft Co. Ltd., 48
tings St. B.	
GLASS
GLAZING,  SILVERING, BEVELLING!
WESTERN   GLASS   OO.   LTD.,   l«f
Cordova St. W., tew doore weit •]
Woodward'!.   Sey. 8887.  Wholesale anf
retail  window glaii.
HOSPITAL
BETTER BE SATE THAI. 80RRT-
Grandview Hospital—Medical, mad
lesi, maternity. 1000 Vietoria Drivd
High.  137. -'
LADIES WEAR
Famous  Cloak   &  Suit  Co.,   61.J
Hastings West.
Hudsons Bay Coy.,  Granville St.
.  ... MEN'S FURNISHINGS
W.  B.  Brummitt,  18-20  Cordovj
Street.
Arthur Frith ft Co., 2813 Main
MEN'S SUETS
C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and Ha
ings Streets.
W.  B.   Brummitt,   18-20  Cordov
Street.	
MUSIC
■\7IOLlNS ADJUSTED,  VOICED,
V   paired,  by expert.    WUl Edmnnd
985.Robson St.    Sey. 2084.
OPTICIAN
Pitman Optical House, 616 Hast'
Ings West.	
PAINT AND S-PLY PAVELS
Gregory   ft   Reld,    117   Hasting^
Street East. X
RANGES AND STOVES
Canada Pride Range Co., 346 Ha
Ings Street East.
TOBACCOS
Mainland Cigar Store, 810 CarralJ
Btreet.	
TRUSSES
C. E. Heard, 959 Robson Street.
Geo. McCuaig
AUCTIONEER aad APPRAISES
Phone Sey. 1070
748 Richards Straet, Vanconver, B.O.
NONE BUT WHITE HEI
EMPLOYED
CINCINNATI—(F P)—All nonunion printing plants in Cincinnati
work 48 hours or longer. The
statement is vouched for by E. P,
Rockwell, secretary, Print Trades
Association..   -
THREAD STRIKE  CONTINUES
WILLIMANTIC, Conn. — The
strikers against the American
Thread Co. are in the 34th week
of their fight, and are feeling the
cold. About 2,500 workers struck
and those -who were evicted from
company houses went into a tent
colony erected by the United Textile Workers. The tents are too
qold for further occupancy.
COAL1
AND       ]'<
wood/
Patronize our advertisers,
Don't forget!    Mention the Advocate when buying,
NONE  BUT WHITE HEI
EMPLOYED LFriday, November 13, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Page Three -
- - POLITICS - -
lussolini in Speech Esthonion Workers
Boasts of Terrorism Herded Into Jails
•-INDUSTRY--
Fur Workers Win Fight   Deportation Burning
Against Open Shoppers     - Question in Australia
[ ROME, Italy—The bombastic
rch-demagog, Benito Mussolini
peaking in commemoration of the
liird anniversary of the fascist
parch on Rome before an audience
black shirts that filled the La
fcala Opera House, declared that
ills regime would never be overthrown except by force, and defied
fie political enemies who imagine
Key can use parliamentary machinery, to dislodge him.
"This   regime   cannot   be   over-
fii-own except by force.    Our opponents believe themselves able to
overthrow us with little groupings
K lobbyists,' with  little  rivers  of
We or less dirty ink, but they are
tooling themselves.   Ministries pass
put a regime born of violence realizes all its conquests."   After this
Riece of arrogance, the bloody dictator said that fascism had certain-
suppressed its enemies and im-
losed a "rigid discipline" upon the
Ration.
, Then with the demagogy typical
his utterances he boastfully asserted that "fascism would vanquish international plutocracy warping against Italy's interests as it
ftas crushed the internal enemy."
This is a veiled threat to Britain
hir taking a stand against Musso-
plni on the question of Jugo-Slavia,
vhich   government   Mussolini  has
been threatening.
MOSCOW. —According to the
information of the Esthonlan section of the International Red -Aid,
the month of September is conspicuous for the large number of
political court martials. In nine
trials, 60 workers and peasants
were sentenced to 343 years hard
labor for "Communistic activities."
In the course of his letter, a
political prisoner writes from Reval: "The inquiry prison in Reval,
which is threatening to fall to
pieces every day, is being evacuated and the prisoners are being
crowded in the central prison. As,
however, the central prison hitherto was overcrowded, the living
conditions have become absolutely
unbearable and impossible. From
35 to 40 prisoners are crowded
into one cell, which was originally intended for from five to
seven prisoners, and you can only
sleep in an upright position. The
meager prison rations have been
again, cut down, and they have
ceased to issue meat."
RUMANIA
The Rumanian grain export market is in a demoralized state, and
grain dealers say this is due to the
persistence of Russian grain offers
in the European markets at low
prices. It is stated that the shipment of barley from Russian ports
last week exceeded 100,000 tons.
With winter about to close the
Danube river for shipping, Rumanian exporters are abandoning hope
for any improvement in the grain
export situation this year.
AUSTRIA
Nne thousand bakers are on
strike and Vienna is breadless because the bakers refused to work
for the same pay under a rapidly
rising cost of living. The threatened strike of 90,000 government
employes has been averted at the
last hour by conceding to the
workers most of their demands in
order to prevent a {ie-up of all
communications, since the postal
and telegraph workers were threatening strike.
Bulgarian Murderer
Records Atrocities
Austrian Workers Are
Reduced To Starvation
VIENNA—The conditions of the
Austrian working class were Ascribed as being the worst in present day Europe in that not only
| ere Ihelf refc.: wages the lowest
bit their social maintainence was
lie least effective. This was pro-
_pn by extensive reference to comparative government statistics in
|'n address delivered by Dr. Scho-
rihof at the first National Conference of the Austrian Interna-
pnal Workers Aid, held at Vienna
October 11 and 12.
It was attended by forty Aus-
lian  delegates and   (for  obvious
lasons)   unnamed  representatives
i-om   Roumania   and   Jugoslavia.
Iiat these  poor  conditions  were
irticularly severe upon the Aus-
lan children and youth was proven
fy the statistics of the state school
aedical inspectors.    The constant
j-age struggles in Austria were not
Jterely the outbreak of disatisfac-
(on but rather the desperation of
proletarian class that more and
lore realize its doom under the
(resent system.
The right arm of Labor is a
Erong press, Add power to this
|rm by subscribing to THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
Stay at tiie
MOTEL STRATFORD
Tba Plaoe Called Home
Corner GORE AVE. and
KEEFER STREET
Phono Sey. 8121
P. GIOVANDO, JOHN THA
100  Elegantly Furnished
Rooms.
It Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate Prices
FIRST-CLASS SERVICE
(By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK.—The slaughter of
the workers and peasants of Bulgaria by the Tsankoff regime is
presented with terrible vividness in
uopoas suonBisa ibuojvbuj9:>uj em
of the Nov. 4 Issue of The Nation
where the fragment of a diary
purporting to give the details of
many group executions is given.
The writer is aid to a captain ln
charge of several villages.
Six peasant prisoners1 are fetched
in. The writer examines them. One
is a schoolmaster who had been
host to the writer a few days before. All are innocent. The aid reports to his captain. The captain is
drunk. "Ha! Ha! Innocent men,"
he laughs uproarously, "that means
guilty. In the decree it is said; no
innocent men—do you understand?"
Then the execution, with axes by
an open grave. There, are orders
against shooting; it might alarm
the neighborhood. The victims fall
into the pit, still alive. A soldier
goes down with a bayonet but he
is too sick with the ghastliness of
the job to finish it. Another goes.
The captain gives orders to fill the
pit. "For God's sake, I am still
alive," comes from the schoolmaster hoarsely and he raises his gory
body. The aid draws his pistol to
put his old friend out of his misery
but the weapon ls knocked from
his hand and the pit filled.
PHILIPPINE ISLANDS
National plebiscite to decide:
whether Filipino's wish Independence or not will be held early next
year, if Governor General Leonard
Wood does not vote it, according
to the leaders of the majority delegation in the Philippine legislature. A bill is now being prepared
which will be presented to this
session of the legislature which adjourns Nov. 9, providing for a referendum on .the question.
(By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK.—Fifteen hundred
Greek fur workers who won a 10-
day strike against their open shop
bosses assembled before the Joint
Board office to celebrate before returning to work under full union
conditions. Bearing signs, announcing their victory and calling upon
all non union fur workers to organize, the successful strikers were
about to carry the celebration
through the fur manufacturing district In a parade back to the jobs
but the police at the last moment
revoked their verbal permission for
the parade and the workers concluded their rejoicing with a concert in the Joint Board building
instead.
Substantial wage Increases are
won. Those who were getting $25
a week or less than the new minimum scale will now get at least
$28 to $46, according to the grade
of work they do. All will get 10
holidays with pay a year; 44 instead of 49 hours constitutes the
working week. Time and a half
pay for overtime and only union
workers in the shops, are won.
(By Federated Press.)
SYDNEY, Australia.—On Sept.
9 representatives of all labor councils throughout Australia held a
conference at Sydney to decide
what action should be taken If the
anti-labor federal government deported any trade union leaders because of helping the British strikers in their fight against the shipowners. The deportation legislation was taken as a direct challenge to the Labor movement. It
was recommended that in the attempted deportation of any unionist no worker should in any way
assist. The sea-transport workers
were called upon to give loyal assistance.
For the repeal of the legislation
the. aid of the courts is to be invoked while deportation will be
made a burning issue in the November federal elections.
Regarding the British seamen's
strike, the conference recommended that "all unions be called upon
to pay a levy of 1%% per week
of the earnings of the workers."
Australian Labor May
Win General Election
GREECE
In the recent municipal elections held in all Grecian cities,
Communists were elected as mayors of Xanthl, the biggest industrial centre of Thrace, where the
American Tobacco company has its
largest warehouses and factories,
and Saloniki. In Salonlki, the labor unions controlled by the Communists formed a united front with
the refugees and put up a Communist on a united labor ticket.
CHINA
Reports from the south indicate
that the imperialists are financing
the new drive to overthrow the
Canton Kuomlntang government.
General Wai, who operates quite
openly under the protection of the
British at Hongkong, has raised an
army of mercenaries, some white
guard Russians among them, and
is leading it against Canton.
MELBOURNE. — The general
elections for the Australian federal
parliament take place Nov. 14. Labor, which already controls 5 of the
6 Australian states, seems to have
the advantage in the federal elections and may get a majority In
both the house Of representatives
and the senate.
To prevent Labor's rise to power,
the Conservatives are. trying to
work np the red menace. A prominent issue is the recent repressive
legislation, including the deportation act, of the federal government. The red menace is also
dressed up.
Matthew Charlton leads the Labor party, while the Conservatives
are led by Sv M. Bruce, the present
prime minister. The Conservatives
include the Country party representing the wealthy ranch-owners.
A few Independents are also up.
Lottery To Liquidate
French State Debt
PARIS.—The republican group
in the French chamber of deputies and the senate, among which
are Poincare, Millerand and former Finance Minister Francois
Marsal, are considering means of
having France raise money to
meet her budgetary expenses by
means of a lottery similar to that
used by the Italian Mussolini government.
These leaders of the republican
party of France propose to establish lottery booths all over the
country by means, .of. Which the
state will be able to meet its expenses. '.'. . ".'.
PALESTINE
An appeal has been sent by the
Palestine Arab congress to the
Arab peoples of the world to come
to the aid of.the suffering natives
of Damascus, who have been rendered homeless and without food
following the bombardment and
ransacking of Damascus by the
French and Senegalese troops.
BRITAIN
Reparts from recent municipal elections show that the labor
party has made substantial gains,
capturing 50 seats In the provinces
and 40 in London from their opponents and losing 20.
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Planta, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries -..-. i:    .  .
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
J—STORES—3
41 Haitian St. Bast.  Bey. 111-872     665 Granville Bitot*   Bat. 9618-1801
. 151 Hastings Strset West Sey. 1870
"SAT IX with mowns"
Russian Grain Crop
Larger Than Pre-War
MOSCOW.—According to . calculations ot the people's commissariat of agriculture, [the whole
crop of thistyear amounts, to 4,-
100,000,000 poods/Since 1911
there was no such crop in Russia.
It surpasses the'crop of last year
by l,400,00i),006 poods.'The whole
production of agriculture in 1926
ls estimated at 9,257,000,000 rubles, and, in comparison with 7,-
800,000,000 rubles of the last
year, it shows an increase of 19
per cent.
Wholesale Arrests By
Europe's White Guard
LONDON. — The governments
o'f Hungary, Bulgaria and Rumania seem to be in competition
as to which can outdo the others
in the commission of revolting
outrages against the workers,
whom they hold by hundreds in
their  dungeons.
Prison murder is the plan favored ln Bulgaria, where two men,
Nedew and Erebalakow, were shot
by the guards in order that they
should (pot benefit by a reprieve
granted by the king.
In Rumania hundreds of peasants are kept standing day and
night. When they relate the tortures Inflicted on them by the
police, the judge retorts: "That
does not Interest me, and Is moreover known."
Still more wholesTale are the
proceedings In Hungary, where
men have been tortured -for refusing to give evidence against
their wives and sisters.
Windy City Bosses Try
To Frameup Strikers
(Federated Press.)
CHICAGO. — Conspicuous attempts by the International Tailoring Co. in Chicago to put the
Amalgamated Clothing Workers
i|ii a bad public light came to a
head last week, when the bombing of the home of tho struck'
company's sales manager was
followed by the burning on a
downtown street of a truck containing finished orders. While the
daily press made it appear that
these outrages were the work of
alleged u,nion strong arm men,
attendant circumstances showed,
other possibilities, Among these
were that the sales manager was
preparing to leave town on a project . to re-establish the crippled
company ln Moline, 111. Another
was that every truck from the
company building had been guarded by police on the few days that
they had shipments ready, but
in this case, according to the
capitalist press, the policemen who
had been regularly assigned to
that duty "were otherwise engaged by order from the station."
The union explanation is that
a bombing of an unimportant
company man's home when he
was about to abandon it, anyhow, . was a convenient stroke by
enemies of the union to damage
it publicly at little risk. At the
same time the truck, with the
police "otherwise engaged," could
be set on fire and thus the company would have an excuse for
Its Inability to get out orders to
customers and for running away
from the fight by transferring to
Moline.
British Wireless
Operators Strike
LONDON—A strike of 160 wireless-operators and receiving clerks
In London, Liverpool and Manchester has cut off the Marconi wireless communication from England
to the continent and overseas. The
men are striking to restore to their
jobs nine workers who were discharged supposedly for reasons of
"economy." The government wireless Is the only one working in
England today.
Starving Workers May
Force Wage Increase
(By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK—The south will
have to raise the wages of its cotton factory workers in the general
opinion of New England mill men.
The argument is that the southern
mills are no longer working full''
time and that It will be necessary
to raise thc wage rate if the working force ls to be kept alive.
But the boosters for southern
industrialism are still lauding Dixie labor prices. The Sunday Times'
last feature display was an article
on the new south by Frank Bohn,
formerly a radical socialist but now
a conservative, emphasizing the
south's advantages with a $2-a-day
wage.
Send in your subscription today. Page Pour
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, November 13, 1925
OPEN FORUM
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U SIX MONTHS
I llllUtll MIIUIIUIUUUIWIIHUUUIUUIIIIIUUUIUUIIUIIUI
:: Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
On Wednesday last, despite the pouring rain, a throng
The Armistice Day Mockery
WHATEVER may be said for the sincerity of its individual
adherents, religion has ever been the tool with whicli
■t*hose who seek for bread on a hypocritical ruling class has sought to separate the aspira-
the prairies ure liable to re- tions of the unthinking multitude from the realities of every-
SM*^£3^£ day life' and t0 divert the ~ of their reasoning *»m the
centiy for sleeping in a lane, where, natural  paths  of monism  into  the winding  channels  and
according to mess reports, tiiiey mystifying labyrinths of metaphysics.   In this way they have
SS^SSw accomplished the conjuring trick of making men murder one
been to the prairie in an effort to another in  cold blood,  while insensately  mumbling  "Thou
"niaHe a stake," but an au wise shalt not kill," and by this method they have succeeded in
S^tTSvl^Sn Spying peace while sanctifying wa,
from earning a living, so they hied
ss^ioSSS.^ °f varuTresidents gathered around the granite edifice
the rock pile. Truly we are a kind, erected to the memory of those killed in the last war, and
merciful, and considerate people— there paid their respects to "our martyred dead."    "Mar-
r°1ieaS SSSa^Sffi: ^d'"is the *™* ™** °»e * «* * ™rtyr when the
which Mockeuitie King and the cause for which he struggled is lost, and little did these
raUiyay companies are asking the victims of capitalist greed imagine that they were being sac-
workers of Europe to share with ..j^  ^  ^^^  & ^^ ^  enthrall  ^  ^.^ * Qf
*   *   * Europe.   Little did they dream that millionaires were being
pussiAN monarchists appnr- minted from their sufferings,  and that the net result of
cntly believe that it is wise their untold agonies would be. the placing of a handful of
d^S£hS"haSea0ffS American bankers on a throne of g°ld» before whi<* Prince,
row as to which shall be the legal politician and pauper would, with one accord, meekly bow
heir to the Russian throne, and a iu humble subservience; or that the bloody carnage would
meeting is being arranged to de-  „*, ,     , , , ... , ... , ,
ddo on the matter. Ti,o chief dif- serve only to enslave and exPloit on » hitherto undreamed of
ficuity iii tiie matter, however, is scale. The social and economic position of those who toil
that tiie Russian workers appear was no more impr0ved by the destruction of the 12,000,000
to liavo no desire to luivo this roy- , .,,   ,       ,    ,     nr, „„_ _. f n   _  .     ,, *
al burden saddled on their backs. kllled and the 20,000,000 wounded in the last war than were
Like mechanics and ditchdiggers the crops of our primitive forefathers increased by the sacri-
the army of unemployed kings ap- fice 0f a humail victim to their tribal god.   But despite this
pears to lie increasing, hence this        .     ,,     „ _•_.** , . ,
should he a good time lo make a PalPable fact» so twisted has our mental equipment become,
cut iii tlio wages of royalty, and that today, in the so-called enlightened 20th century, we find
introduce the Open Shop" plan. No thousands of men and women raising their voices in solemn
opposition,  in  this   Instance,  need   .,      .      „ . •■ ,
lie cApcctcd from the Labor move- lhanks fo1' a 8reat victory, and a peace that is not.
,ncnt-  Throughout the length and breadth of the world, wher-
TOHN OLIVER Slys*he isn't a,.er- eVer  *f  ^ *™eV h°lds SWaV'  similar  SCeneS  have  been
J    feet man—jnst yet.   We huve enacted.   Praises have been sung for the courage and valor
no desire to appear rude, but any- of those who died, and a beneficent Providence thanked for
one who has ever sceiUhe gentle- a present peace but not one word of condemnation has been
man, or heard hini bluster should , .,
have no doubts about our worthy uttel'e°- against the human devils who caused the fratricide,
premier's veracity, on this occasion On the contrary, this hollow mockery has, in many instances,
However, join, ...«>■ «e- been furtliei. intensified by their presence. Neither did "a
grateful country" show its gratitude by aiding in any way
its outcast cripples who still live and suffer. Words and
action go hand in hand only when business or butchery calls.
But while the unthinking masses mourn their murdered
most of us in this city, imt we imve kith and kin, those whose business it is to make war, but
it on .•enable authority from seat- never fight, are proceeding, with their plans for the next
tie, where a daily paper recently  iiii.u, . . .
published a news item 10 tiie effect Mooa-bath, because intense international trade competition
that Vancouver required a large and a rapidly contracting world market are once again threat-
A Picture of War
but   lis
He  hns
at least
quire some bruins yet,
doubtful—very doubtful,
run too strongly to hair.
*    *    *
T EPROSY is rampant in Vancou-
ver.    This   may  he  news  to
consignment of si.msie sawyers, be- ening world democracy.   Britain, her ravenous eye focussed
cause so many of (he Chinese saw- 411*111 -n      t*,
yors were affected with leprosy on tne (:lula slaves of tlie Far ^ast, is strengthening her fleet
that  the companies were firing and improving her naval base at Singapore.   Prance is con-
sa^ssissjas!t**** sher ™ f°rces- **■* * ■*** *> *« ™*
distance between here nnd Seattle. stren8'th-> while Uncle Sam is arming to the teeth and rapidly
*   *   ♦ becoming more militaristic than Germany ever dreamed of
rrwo professors in Tennes- being. . A corps of mechanics and scientists are working to
cov^vChrfSr«rS: -Pi™ the engines  of destruction.    Chemists,  who  other-
play intelligence of 11 human kind, wise might be engaged in doing something beneficial to man,
Donbiticss thc reply will be in tlio are racking their brains to produce more deadly gases.    On
2P& sru&rys *«* m *#**»?* ***** **»& ^ ^^ war is
any sueh thing.  Imagine trying to within measurable distance.
bring ., monkey .ta. to the level        November llth is not the anniversary of peace; it merely
, marks the date ot an armed truce.   November 7th is the day
The revolutions that come from that foreshadows an era of peace. It is the date on which
new knowledge are permanent, un- the workers of Russia arose iii their might, drove their degen-
TeS^r wlT!Lth«t erate rulc- ta .^eir gilded seats of authority, and seized
about by the blind force of powor- power, thereby wiping out the cause of imperialist wars.
ful men or an infuriated body of For eight years they have defied the armed might and dip-
people.—si^obe^Fa^ner. lomatic intrigue 0f the capitalist world.   Soviet Russia is the
If you do not say a thing in an ^ h?&\ *»0t hl the WOrld today> and is ^ "ole beacon
irritating way, you may just as well indicating how a lasting peace can be accomplished.   In Red
not say ft at all, since nobody will Russia stultifying creeds no longer separates human desires
trouble themselves about anything f].om human activities.   November 7th is pregnant with mean-
which   does   not   trouble   them.—  •       _     _, , . ,
Bernard Shaw. ing to the working class.
A T the present moment, when our
rulers are busy glorifying the
last war, the following by Clarence
Darrow, noted criminal lawyer, is
particularly  seasonable:
Verlstingin, he painted was as
war has ever been, as war will
ever be, a horrible and ghastly
sight. Where men drunk with
blind passion, which rulers and
their tools call patriotism, and
made mad with fife and drum, and
shot and shell and flowing blood,
- seek to wound and main and kill,
because their masters give the
word.
He paints a battlefield, a field
of carnage and of blood.
And who are these who fight
like fiends and devils driven to despair?
What cause is this that makes
these men forget that they are
men, and vie with beasts to show
their cruel thirst for blood?
They shout of home and native
land, but they have no home, and
the owners of their native land
exist upon their toil and sweat and
blood.
The rulers, capitalists and kings,
for whom this fight is waged, are
far away upon some hill beyond
the reach of shot and shell, and
from that point they watch theii-
slaves pour out their blood, to
gratify their greed and pride and
lust for power.
Who are the enemy they fight?
Slaves Uke themselves who freely
give their toil and blood, which
everyone their masters may demand.
The fighting soldiers have* no
cause for strife, but their masters
live by kindling ln their hearts a
love of native land, a love which
makes them hate their brother
laborers of other lands, and dumbly go to death at a government's
demand.
But let us look once more, after
the battle has been fought.
Here we see the wreck and ruin
of the strife. The field is silent,
now given to the dead, the beast
of prey, and night.
A young soldier lays upon the
ground. The lonely mountain
peaks rise up on every side. The
wreck of war is all about. His
uniform is soiled and stained. A
patch of red is seen upon his breast.
It is not the color his country
waved to catch his eye and bait
him to his death. It Is his life
blood, which flowed out through a
wound, which follows a bayonet
to his heart.
His form is Cold and stiff,  for
College Heads Request '
Miss Whitney's Release
(By Federated Press.)
NEW YORK. — Pleading that
both Presidents Harding and Coolidge waived the requirement of
personal application for pardon
in the general amnesties signed
for wartime political prisoners,
college presidents, educators and
publicists have signed a letter to
Governor Friend W. Richardson
of California asking the pardon
of Charlotte Anita Whitney, convicted under the state's criminal
syndicalism law. The precedents
of Governor Small of Illinois and
Governor Smith of New York in
not requiring personal application
before granting pardons to Communists under similar laws are
also cited.
he is dead.   The cruel wound and
icy wind have done their work.
The government .which took his
life, taught this poor boy to love
his native land. As a child he
dreamed of glory and of power,
and the great world just waiting to
fall captive to his magic strength.
He dreamed of, war and strife, (
of victory and fame. If he should
die, kind hands would smooth his
brow, and loving hearts would keep
his grave a memory green, because
he died in war.
But no friend is near him now
at last, as the dusk of night and
mist of death shut out the lonely
mountain from his sight.
The snow is all around, the air
is grey with falling flakeg, which
will soon hide him from the world,
and when the summer time shall;
come   again   none   can   tell   his,
bleaching bones from all the rest.
The only life upon the scene is i
the buzzard circling low above the<|
boy,   waiting  to  make  sure  that
death has come.    The bird looks.
down upon the boy, into those eyes^
which   first   looked   out   into  the
great world, and which his mother
fondly  kissed.     Upon   those . eyes |
the buzzard will begin his meal.
UNION DIRECTORY
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNOIL .
—Meett leeond Monday in tkt montk.
Preaident, J. R. Whitt; iecretary, B, H.
Neelanda.    P. 0,_Bo_; 8».
FEDERATED    LABOR    PART*—Roam j
ill, SIS Pandar Bt. Waat Buiineu j
meeting! lit and 8rd Wedneiday evenings. R, H. Neelanda, Chairman; I. H.i
Morriion, Seo.-Treaa.; Angus Maelants.l
3544 Frlnee Edward Street, Vaneouve>.4
B.O., Oorreapondlng Seoretary. d
Any dlstriot ln Britiih Columbia iaj
airing information ra nenring apaakarsT
or the formation of local branches, klndj
ly communicate with Provincial Beore-l
tary J. Lyle Telford, 634 Birka Bldg.,1
Vancouver,    B.O.    Telephone    Seymour 1
1888, or Bayvlew 6580.	
BAKERY   SALESMEN,   LOOAL   171
Meeta  second  Thuraday  avary  mont!
in Holdan Building. Preildant, J. Bright-]
wall;   financial   aeeretary,   H.  A   Bow
ron, 781 18th Ave. East.	
OIVIO   EMPLOYEES'   UNION,   LOOAL]
28—Meeta firat and third Prldaya 1%
the  month  at  145 Hastinga  W.,  at
p.m.     President,   R.   K.   Brown,   36911
Charles  St.;  aecretary-treaaurer,  Oeorge]
Harrison,  1182 Parker St. "
ENGINEERS — THE    IjNTERNATIONALI
UNION OF STEAM AND OPERATING
—Local 8(2—Maata avary Wednesd
at 8 p.m., Room 808, Holdan Building*!
President, Oharlaa Price; bualneaa agesaj
and financial aeoretary, f. L. Hunt; re-1
cording secretary, J. T. Tenn.	
MUSICIANS'    MUTUAL   PROT«OTIV_|
UNION, Looal 146, A T. at U.-
Meeta tn O.W.V.A. Hall, Seymour aai
Pender Streeta, aeoond Bunday at li
a.m. Preaident, E. O. Miller, 801 noli
aon itreet; aeoretary, E. A. Jamleson J
001 Nelaon itreet; finanoial secretary,]
W. E. Williams, 001 Nelion atraat; •_-,
f mil ter, P.  Fletcher, 001 Naiion etreet,
THE   FEDERATED   SEAFARERS']
UNION OF CANADA—Headqu
at Rooma (, t and 7, Flaek BetMm
Itl Hastlnga Street W„ Vaneonver, B.<
Tel. Bey. 8608. President, Robert Thaa
Vice-President, David Gillespie; Bee'v
Treaiurer, Wm. H. Donaldaon, Vieter
Branch, Room 11, Graan Block, Bn
Btreet, Victoria, B.O. Phona 1006.
TYPOGRAPHICAL  UNION,   No.   128
Preaident, R. P. Pattlpiaea; vlee-preaJ
ident, 0, F. Campbell; leeretery-lroaeH
urer, R. H. Neelanda, P.O. Bas 6(J
Meeta last Sunday of each month at tl
p.m. In Holden Building, 16 Haatingt ll
PRINOE RUPERT TYPOGRAPHIC!
UNION, No. 418—Preaident, B. "
Macdonald; leoretary-treaiurer, J. . .
Campbell, P.O. Box 880. Mtltl laa]
Thursday of each month.
SAN FRANCISCO—(F P)—The
San Francisco local of the Cook's
union has grown so rapidly that it
ls obliged to move into larger quarters.   The local has 1,600 members.
THE   CANADIAN
ffiafror Afcttorat*!
With Which It Incorporated
THB BBITISH COLUMBIA FEDBRAl
TIONI8T	
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY
By tht Labor Publtihlng Co.
Business tad Editorial Office
 1128 Howe St.
■— ' '  ■■ ■»  '-.'weiii 1,   1 ■
The Canadian Labor Advooate is a nonl
(actional weekly newspaper, giving newa]
of the farmer-labor movement in action,)
Subscription Rates: United States andl
foreign, $2.60 per year; Canada, $2|
per year, (1 for six months; to unions!
subscribing ln a body, 16c per mem: I
ber per month. J
Member The Fedtratad Press snd Thtl
Britiah Lsbor Preta [lovember 13,1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Five
WOMAN'S DEPARTMENT
[omen as Breadwinners
of facts which ought
'obvious to all, tbere is
lltloii in the United States
nan makes the money for
[ly, that "woman's place
home," that the bread-
pwonian  is an exception,
provided for In the per-
orgunizatlon of society. It
■ true that- woman ought
|the home, especially when
young children, but statis-
Wr that in a large number
I she is now there.
Somen's   Bureau   of   the
Itates Department of Labor
fed a survey of four repre-
i cities in different parts of
^try—Jacksonville, Florida;
-Jarre,   Pa.;   Butte,   Mont.;
Isaic, N. J.   One of these is
fe-eminently Industrial city,
a coal mining region, one
tal mining, and one is a
fcentre.   In these four cities
|ad-winning  woman   forms
! per cent of the total fe-
ppulations 14 years of age
In none is she less than
f cent.      ,
55 Per Cent, Married
'tabulation includes women
■ money in their own homes
(:ing  boarders.    Yet  69  per
! them worked outside their
either  in stores,  factories
bthers' homes.
pfereat majority of the bread-
1  women  were  of  mature
years or over.   This shows
hey  are  not  merely  young
^temporarily   earning    "pin-
Moreover, 55 per cent, of
Iwere married, and one-half
^se  were living with  wage-
husbands.    This accounts
i fact that a great many men
|-imilies seem- to be existing
at Is known to be less than
|Sg wage" for a family.
Per Cent. Keep House
53 per cent of the work-
is  had  children,   and   40
lit. of them had babies under
|fmost 80 per cent,  of  them
^maintaining    homes    while
to eke out thd family sub-
it
but not least, we must not
1 the 21 per cent, of the work-
omen who were the sole sup-
their families. Only two-
''were living alone. It there-
i most decidedly not true that
|ing women need to earn less
working men because they
I no dependents. ;
|at happens to the young chil-
! mothers who have to work
le the home?    In Passaic it
ffound that almost no provis-
as made for them; hardly more
lone-fifth of the mothers had
help  In  the performance  of
fshold   duties,   and   this   help
chiefly from older children,
fives or lodgers. Over one-fifth
he  mothers worked at  night
had to sleep a large part of the
when    the   children    were
tee.
Need Better Wages
pen the women working in the
frequently did not have ad-
te time to give to their chil-
The Bureau concludes, as a result of these unfortunate conditions
that:
1. Men should receive an adequate family wage.
2. There should be better and
more extensive mothers' pension
laws,
3. Women compelled to support
families should receive an adequate
wage to provide for their dependents.
One wonders what social conditions are being bred by this terrific blow at normal family life. Why
does not Judge Gary's crime commission pay more attention to fundamental matters like these?
Women School Teachers
Trim Insolent Mayor
(By Federated Press.)
ST. PAUL. — Attacks launched
on one of the strongholds of the
American Federation of Teachers,
the St. Paul Federation of Teachers, are vigorously repelled by the
union's board of directors in an
open letter to the publio.
Mayor Arthur Nelson accused
the union of forcing teachers to
become members and of spending
the city's money paid to them as
wages on questionable labor enterprises through their per capita
payments to the St. Paul Trades
& Labor assembly, the American
Federation of Teachers, and the
American Federation of Labor.
He further charged that a small
clique ran the organization and
that its delegates to the St. Paul
central labor body had voted
against the expulsion of the Communists.
The wome*n teachers face and
answer every charge in their reply. Certainly they entertain new
teachers and ask them, but do
not force them, to join the union,
and certainly they pay per capita,
but most of their dues, lower than
the average union rate, goes to
hospital and benefit funds for
their members, maintenance of
club rooms and the support of
their professional activities, the
teachers reply. Their delegates
voted neither for nor against the
Communists in the trades assembly, but registered their disapproval - of the way the assembly
kicked the radicals out, and the
membership of the teachers' union sustained the delegates, the
mayor is further told.
And for good measure the
mayor is courteously called a
prejudiced liar in these terms:
"In general the statements contained in the article aflid the editorial are biased and without adherence to fact." In his rejoinder
he demands an accounting of the
funds of the union. The teachers
are preparing their reply.
State-Owned Business
Rolls Up Big Profits
(By W. Francis Ahern, Federated
Press.)
SYDNEY, Australia. — Record
profits are shown by three of the
state-owned industrial undertakings of the New South Wales Labor government, thought the products are sold cheaper than in private enterprises, while the workers get higher wages and better
conditions.
The state-owned brick works
closed the year ended June 30,
1925, with a profit of $160,745.
After providing $12,500 for additional plant and distributing $48,-
225 among the employes, this being a bonus above usual wages for
continuous employment—$90,020
is carried forward to accumulated
profits, now totaling $538,117.50.
During the year the works were enlarged at a cost bf $130,000, paid
for out of profits.
The entire cost of the project
has been repaid and the industry
Is now working on its profits. The
bricks are $5 per 1,000 cheaper
than those of private brickworks.
The output is the highest of any
yard in the state.
The state-owned metal mines
closed the year with a profit of
$106,025. After distributing a bonus
among the employes, the balance,
now totaling $330,239. The reserve
stands at $389,905, and the cash
accounts at $165,730. This concern
has paid back half the capital advanced by the government.
The state-owned reinforced concrete pipe works showed a profit
for the year of $101,220. After distributing a bonus to the employes
of $17,930, and making provisions
for reserve, the balance was added
to accumulated profits now totaling
$280,970. The reserve stands at
$125,160.
The government will establish a
state-owned insurance office on the
lines of Queensland. The state
office will charge lower rates than
private companies and all profits
will be distributed among the policyholders as bonuses or lower premiums.
In Queensland where the state
has controlled insurance for the
last eight years, premium rates
have been reduced 25 to 33 per
cent., while the rates payable in
case of accident insurance have
been increased in some cases 100
per cent. State Insurance also
functions in New Zealand, Victoria,
Tasmania and South Australia.
Manufacturers Head
Off Child Labor Law
It is positively shameful to hurl
a- "Thou shalt not steal" at a hungry or ragged human being. Let
us all dress and have dinner before
we talk morals.—Frank P. Walsh.
Patronize our advertisers.
THE HOME CORNER
IELERY AN VEGETABLE
MARROW
be pound inside sticks of cel-
Icut  Into pieces,  two  pounds
Itable marrow pared and sliced,
large onion cut up finely.
Bill   a  pie-dish   with   alternate
brs placing small pieces of but-
Ihere and there. Season and fla-
J lf desired. Sprinkle two ounces
Iwell-soaked tapioca and cover
short brown flour crust. Bake
J two hours.   A small hole should
(made in centre of crust to allow
steam to escape.
HOUSEHOLD HINTS
When cooking apples, add a little salt. The apples .will then be
tender.
Cook your cauliflower In a cloth
as you would a pudding. It will
not break up then.
To keep eggs fresh for a month
or so, dip them in boiling water for
just one minute.
To keep eggs fresh for six
months or thereabouts; brush them
individually with sweet oil.
' To remove stains, use salts of
lemon, or ether, or pure eucalyptus oil.
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON.—Fearful of the
ultimate success of the campaign
led by the American Federation
of Labor to secure ratification of
the child labor amendment to the
federal constitution, the National
Association of Manufacturers has
issued an endorsement of "junior
education." Its lobby against the
child labor measure has Issued
from Washington headquarters a
copy of resolutions adopted at the
convention of the N.A.M. ln St.
Louis October 28, asserting that
it has "long supported and actively encouraged most generous
support to educational facilities
and all successful forms of industrial training." It boasts that the
manufacturers have "led in the
efforts" to improve all "proper"
restrictions against "harmful and
unwise junior employment."
This claim is offered in extenuation of its admitted campaign
against federal restriction of child
labor.
The normal condition of things
in a capitalistic and land-owning
world ls a condition of open or
concealed struggle between wage-
earners and wage-payers.—Grant
Allen.
Specials For Our
Community
The   best   work   Boot   value   le
Greb Work Boots at  »U.9*_
Two   new   lines   of   Dress   Boots
lust in—a black at ...» fS.76
and a tan at. ,   $4.85
Children's Knee Gum Boots, slsea
5 to 10%  ,  $1.95
Viking    Underwear,    2-pleee    or
combination; per suit  $6.60
Boys'   Oilskin   Bain   Hats,   black
or olive   96o
Prince   of   Wales   Sweaters   have
arrived—Boys'     $9.96
Men's    „    $5.96
Men's Heavy Bib Underwear, per
garment,   $1.60  and   $2,26
H. NEIL
Hand Made Loggers' and
Seamen's Boots
v 136 LONSDALE AVENUE
NOBTH VANOOUVBB    Pkoao 1181
AUTOMOBILES
Wo Havo Soms Oood Bays ln
GUARANTEED   USED   0AB8   «OC
Oaab  Payments  Aa  Low  As  •?•*■«••
PATTISON MOTORS Ltd.
Phone Ssy. 7406       1386 Otaa-rUle St.
Arthur Frith&Co.
Man's   tnd   Boys'   Furnishings,
Hats, Boots and Shoei
2313 MAIN STREET
Between   7th   and   8th   Avennea
Phono Fair. 11
Sty. 486               32 Hastings St 1.
The Electric Shop Ltd.
RADIO AND
ELECTRICAL SUPPLIES
Sty. 6789          414 Hastingi SL W.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
BABBISTBBS, 80LI0IT0B8, BTO.
401-408 Metropolitan Bulldlnf
887 Haitingi St. W., Vancouvor, B.O.
Telephones: Beymour MM sad 6(67
Emergencies
\YfHEN a crisis com6s and
someone at a distance
must be reached quickly,
the long-distance telephone
will prove Its worth.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will  Ourt Tour  Rheumatism,  Lumbago, Neuritis or Baid Oold
MASSAGE  A   SPECIALTY
PACIFIC BUILDING
744 Hastlngi St. W. Phont Sty. 9070
RUPTURE
SpodaUit in Trussei f or Men, Womn,
Ohildren tad Infanta
O. E. HEARD
Phont Sty. 8810
960 Bohion Strwt, Vaneouvar, 8.0.
28  Yeara  Established  ln  Vancouver
Is There Any Painless Dentistry?
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
OFFICE: 301 DOMINION BUILDING
Pbone Sey. 2354 (or Appointment
T CAN remember when chloroform, ether and gas were the sole
agents used to reduce tbe misery attending dental operations.
About ten years ago NOVOCAIN -waa Introduced, and It ta sate to say
that thia is one of the greatest boons to humanity yet discovered, ana
makes Dentistry almost a pleasure. It li a great thing to aay truthfully:
"These extractions, fillings, or removing thla nerve, will not hurt."
With the use of Novocain, work can he done thoroughly, time la saved,
and the cost is less than before.
GLASSES
5
COMPLETE
AUR eye examination is as
^ perfect as skill, scientific
instruments and years of experience can devise.
Bird Eye Service
(UPSTAIRS)
205 SEBVIOE BLDO.
ROBSON at GRANVILLE
Entrance 080 Robson St.
Phone Sey. 8965
MEN'S SUITS MB OVEBOOATS
IS AN INTERESTING SUBJECT JUST NOW
Men's Overcoats, S-piece belts,     men and men  $15.00
In a variety of shades, $17.50     Men's  Herringbone Serges in
,.   ,    _ .   ,       , all shades.
Men's Overcoats, dark colors      Men,s  Mackinaw  Coat8  $700
plain back    »15'00 Men's Plaid Mackinaw Shirts,
Men's    Grey    Ulsters,    storm double    sleeves,     front    and
collars   $18.00 back  $5.50
Men's    Clay    Worsted    Suits, Men's   Kersey    Tweed    Dark
regular  $32.00, marked down Men's Serge Suits,  for young
to  $25.00 Grey Pants,   5  pockets,  $-1.50
Headlight Overalls and Stanfield's Underwear
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 OORDOVA STREET WEST
Send in your subscription today. Page Six
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, November 13,
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
SEAMEN'S ACTIVITIES
SUFFERING ABOARD
THE S. S. BAYOHIMO
rVHE S. S. Baychlmo, owned and
operated by the Hudson'. Bay
Company left Vancouver on the 8th
day of July, the crew having signed
articles of engagement on the 6th
of July to terminate at the port of
Vancouver, B. C. The crew had
some fearful tales to relate of their
sufferings during the voyage,
which could have been eliminated
if the captain of the vessel had
not.been trying to starve the crew.
According to the reports of the
crew the first port touched after
leaving Vancouver, was Dutch
Harbour, about which -time the
men were beginning to. realize that
there was to be a skinny supply
of food, and other hardships that
would have to be endured under
the command of the captain. From
Dutch Harbour the vessel proceeded to Tel-Tel, where the crew were
to be supplied with native clothing,
but it was blowing so hard the captain did not wait for supplies. At
this point there was no fresh meat
aboard or if there was the firemen
and sailors did not receive .any.
The vessel proceeded to Point Barrow where six natives were picked
up to work cargo. At this port
quite a few reindeer were taken
aboard, which were intended to
satisfy the hunger of the crew, but
as the meat had been hanging so
long it was practically unfit to eat
and was given to the pack of dogs,
after the men had complained of
the smell of the meat, and that
they desired it removed. Only
three weeks after the vessel left
Vancouver the men were put on
English deep sea rations which is
on a par with the hunger ships of
the C. G. M. M.
After getting to Herchel Island
the chief engineer (who was anxious to have good men with him)
asked the firemen (of whom there
were six) and a donkeyman, if they
would work overtime and get the
rate of thirty six cents an hour for
doing so. The firemen refused as
the natives were getting one dollar
an.hour, and the rate offered was
not consistent with the rates usually paid  ln the  ports of British
Empire
Cafe
QUALITY
COURTESY
REASONABLE
76 Hastings East
HAROLD DEGO and
BOB KRAU8E
Ute 84th Batt. sad 7tad Batt.
Columbia. After a little dickering
the men received the rate of fifty
cents an hour for overtime.
There was a shortage of fresh
water, and when the men complained to the chief engineer he
stated that It was not his fault,
and that they would have to wash
themselves on the deck of the ship,
while they were in the Arctic region. Each man only received one
blanket, which was not enough
when the vessel was In cold surroundings, and to make matters
worse the forecastle .was leaking
bad, and when the men asked the
captain to have it repaired he told
them to fix it themselves. At this
period the men requested some
warmer clothing. This would have
been granted but the men were to
be charged the Arctic price. In
other words they were to be robbed
of their hard earned wages. All
of the men were feeling the worse
of the food that had been servd.
Dried potatoes, salt beef and salt
butter with no fresh fruit or vegetables and the supply was very
scanty.
On the return trip the vessel was
at Herchel Island for a period of
twenty-one days, during which
time the men were kept on the
watch and watch system until the
vessel made her get away on September 30th. In the hurry to get
clear of all danger of being frozen
in the men heard stories of a bonus
being paid if they managed to get
out (which they were very much
entitled to after the sufferings
that they had endured) but when
they were paid off they did not get
the amount of overtime that should
have been p*Jd them let alone a
bonus.
The accommodation aboard was
very insanitary, from the day the
vessel left Vancouver until her return there was no life boat drill.
The supply of tobacco was cut
short, and the men were charged
prices that were unheard of, "Od-
gens Fine Cut" tobacco was sold' to
the crew at the price of $2 per
pound and at Herchel Island they
were charged $3 per pound. This
is not usual aboard deep sea vessels, where the men are usually allowed tobacco at cheaper rates
thaii they can buy It ashore. The
captain could have got a supply
of tobacco at Dutch Harbour at
much cheaper rates than the men
had to pay at Herchel Island.
About ten passengers were
aboard the "Baychlmo" on their
way to Vancouver, and according
to the report of one of the crew,
one of them stated that it was a
shame the way the seamen were
treated.
When the vessel docked at Vancouver the men made a rush to
some place to eat, and as soon as
their hunger was apeased they
proceeded to get some treatment
that would make them feel like
the healthy men .that tliey were
when they left on July 8th.-  The
Ask A. P. of L. To Join
Against Europe Reds
(By Laurence Todd, Federated
Press.)
WASHINGTON. — Arguments
that the American Federation of
Labor should forget its fears of
European socialism and should affiliate with the Amsterdam International Federation of Trade
Unions are now coming from a
new quarter—the Boris Bakhme-
teff group of Russian whites, which
last gave allegiance to the Kolchak
enterprise.
The recent convention of the A.
F. of L. voted instructions to the
executive council to continue negotiations with Amsterdam, but it
showed no anxiety to enter into affiliation unless on the terms laid
down by the late Samuel Gompers
and rejected by the I. F. T. U.
Those terms were that American
labor should not be bound by any
action taken by the Amsterdam
executive council—such as an appeal for a general strike or general
protest at any situation arising, in
any country. The American position has been one of refusal to be
morally bound to join in what it
might consider a. socialist move to
prevent a war by general strike.
The action of British labor in 1920,
in defying the British government
to start war against Russia, was
cited as proof of the danger in any
such affiliation.
But the Bakhmeteff propaganda
sets forth the alternative as being
still worse. It describes the steady
trend of British and Russian labor
leaders to form a combination,
either Inside the Amsterdam international or outside it. Hence the
need for America to affiliate as an
offset.
In comment on this suggestion,
an official in the Russian movement passing through Washington,
said that British labor would be
more likely to influence the Russians than the Russians the British.
He did not believe that American
labor would affiliate with Amsterdam, and in any case that would
exclude Russian labor from the
European situation,
Notes From the Campi
A MINIMUM WAGE FOR LUMBER WORI
MAINLAND CIGAR STORE
"The Place for Pipes*'
Hail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
810 OARRALL STREET VANOOUVER, B.0.
Red Star Drag Store
— ill   |     -^^^^ms^mmaaamt,,  ————■————a——^—»S.^—■*^--***»- ■
"The Matt Order Druggists"
W« Make • Special Btfort to Get Goods Ont br Ftett Stall
After Receipt of Tour Order
Corner Oordova and Oarrall
Vanoouver, B.0.
Advertisers are helping us. Reciprocate by buying from them,
and tell them you saw lt in the
Advocate.
men were paid off on October 27th
and certainly were very much disgusted with the conditions on the
S. S. Baychlmo, the ship that returned with two million dollars
worth of furs.
The ship is now on her way to
England to lay up for the winter.
None of the crew desired to go to
England and be returned at their
own expense.
The overtime previously referred
to, consisted of the men having to
work before seven ln the morning
and after five at night. Sometimes
the men were working until ten
and eleven at night. Then when
it came to the day of paying off
they were not allowed the proper
amount. The crew seem to think
that they were very unjustly dealt
with, and although the Company
reaps the benefit they are of the
opinion that the captain was un
just and neglectful in his treatment
of the men aboard the vessel,
* •    *
Nominations for office bearers of
the organization are open until the
end of the present month, applications should be sent to the secretary at Union Headquarters, 5-7
Flack Building, 163 Hastings Street
W., Vancouver, B. C.
* *    •
Beckett. H., Cunningham. J„
George.' M„ Harris, C, Henderson,
C, Hynes, C, Hannah, J., Horn, R.,
Hudson, J., Jones, M. J., Jones, N.,
Klssock, J„ Knox, A., Love, W.,
Maekay; J., Matthews, R., McLeod,
M„ McDonald, J., Mackell, J., Osborne, Wm., Odgen, A. W., Paterson, G., Warren, S., Worral, Wm.,
Worrell, S„ Tulk, B.
* *    *
Bill Love is requested to come to
Headquarters as quick as possible
as there are a couple of parcels for
him.
Major Burde, M.L.A. for Port
Alberni, intends introducing a bill
into the Legislative Assembly of
British Columbia to provide a
minimum wage for men, a,nd it
is reported that this proposed act
is aimed chiefly at aiding the men
working in the lumber industry.
I. is truly a sad commentary
on the supine attitude of the men
working ln the largest industry ln
this province when it becomes
necessary to protect their standard of living by legislation. Practically in every country in the
world where capitalism obtains,
the workers will put up sufficient
of a fight on their own behalf to
ensure an adequate amount of
food, but apparently the men who
follow the lumber industry have
been driven to such a low point
that they have not even the stamina to fight for food for themselves.
There is no other way of looking at this matten The men who
toil ln the saw mills are receiving
a wage fully 20 per cent, below
what the government states to be
the poverty line, and there ls no
complaint from them. It is hard
to believe that these men are content with the wage they are receiving. There is not the slightest doubt they all desire more.
Why, then, do they not go after
it? There is only one reply, qnd
that is fear. Fear of losing the
precarious hold on live they now
have. Fear that if they demand
more they will be thrown out of
a job, blacklisted, and left to
starve. And with this fear sapping what little backbone "they
have, they take what few crusts
are flung to them, not even having the nerve to growl for more.
The yoke of American capitalism may be driving the workers of Europe down to coolie
standards, but there ls not the
*—-—■ j
French Labor Acts To
Meet Immigrant Peril
(By Len De Caux, Federated
Press.)
PARIS.—Immigration problems
are not confined to the new world.
Since the war French labor has
had to face a big influx from all
over Europe. The call for. the general strike of October 12 had* to be
Issued in seven languages besides
French, Both the French federations of labor (C. G. T. and C. G.
T. U.) have taken steps to prevent
undercutting by immigrant labor,
through agreements with organized
labor in the countries of origin,
and by efforts to organize the immigrants into the French unions.
Italy and Poland contribute the
largest quota of Immigrant labor
to France. In 1920 on the question
of the employment of German
labor in the war regions, the reformist French and German building trades unions signed a mutual
agreement at Geneva.
The left wing federation has
been especially active ln the organization of the Immigrants. It supports, wholly or in part, seven foreign language labor papers and has
six organization offices. It bases
its work on the general principle
that "the working class has no
country." Full rights and free
entry of Immigrants into existing
unions, oppostioh to new unions
along the lines of nationality, formation of language sections inside
unions, special representation of
immigrants in the control of the C.
G. T. U„ circulation of the foreign-
language labor pi-ess, solidarity of
French unions ln backing demands
of immigrant- labor, are its program.
Deportation of militant immigrant trado unionists has been a
weapon which the French government has used ruthlessly of late,
the excuse being a red scare, carefully worked up by methods known
on both sides of tbe Atlantic.
slightest ' doubt   but   that
standards exist right ln ou
ln this Last Great West,
the men working in the
industry.
According to the loo
things, it will be but a sho
until the lumber companl
able to Impose a similar s
affairs upon the men work
the camps—among the reded, two-fisted he-men.
The employing class has
able to work its own swee
will on the men employed
the basic industries of this
ince. In lumbering and in
ing, both coal and metal,
have so intimidated the w
that they dare not make >
fort on their own behalf,
today their wages have bee
duced to a po^it where
necessary to protect them b
of parliament. It is indeed
cult to understand what app
fear has gripped these men
all semblance of fight has d
ed them.
MONTREAL—(FP)—A nel;
fit of 87.6% on a stock issi
$7,000,000 was made by the
Motor Co., of Canada durini
year, ending July 31, 1925.
profits totalled $6,132,327 al
crease of $2,423,140 over the
vious year.
Who   Ia   BILL   HUNGERFOR
Aek Any Labor Man.
STANFORD
ROOMS
863 SETHOUB STKEET
Housekeeping  and  Traneien
Central—Termi Moderate '
Under New Management
•Bill" Bnngerford and M. Oi
bridge, Props.
BRUCTJ
SUIT
SALE
Big reductions, splend
values. Regular prie*
$22.50 to $42.50, now-
$15 to $37.61
C. D. BRUCI
Limited
Oor. Homer and Hastings St
VANCOUVER, B.O.
The Original
HARVEY
Logging Boot
HAND-MADE BOOT!
tot ;
LOGGERS, BONERS,
. CRUISERS aad X .
PROSPECTORS
Qnlok Berries for Btpain
All Work Guaranteed
■fecial Attention to Mail Orden
H. Harvey
litsMlsksi In Vaneenver la HIT
M OORDOVA STREET W. \, November 13, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Seven
fdon's Red Raids
ION—The    swoop .. of    the
mlnal Investigation Depart-
pon the Comunist headquar-,
fe, was carried through in
auch the usual fashion,
pny people go in and out of
nmunist Bookshop in the
fernoon and  early evening
ere was nothing to indicate
[casual passer that anything
;'was happening.
another picture was re-
room had its plain-clothes
■■-there are twelve rooms
fig cellars and attic—and
jmrd was keenly on the, alert.
|taihp, not a matchbox, could
Every visitor to shop or
i-*was   detained.     A   solemn
||s reigned and over all loom-
ef Inspector Parker like the
df God moving upon the face
l waters.
Arrests
[art Inkpln sat in his secre-
phair.   He was arrested. Ern-
Int came in to see Inkpin. He
rrested. The lady stenogra-
vas scrutinized closely but,
ently, passed the examination
fonors.
Itrge portrait of Zinovieff on
ill, however, was not so for-
It was arrested; and to
kt company so too were slm-
portralts ' of Lenin, Trotsky,
pucharin. (These are still de-
In custody, pending a settle-
kof the question of their de-
lion.)
other rooms a like state of af-
Iprevalled. Typewriters and
uators were closely cross-
loned; but revealing no guilty
|s were remanded for Inquiring was left unscrutinized,
ng! So alert were they that
even impounded and remov-
ball-cock from the lavatory,
js, however, found to be emp-
Tlic Safe
jps were naturally objects of
Interest. Some money was
and taken Into custody in
jr n interest. Rubies could not
[covered. But in one safe was
(iwer, locked, to which there
to be no key.
er the premises has been
\i—the paper was left on the
but, except from the shop,
other scrap of paper was tak-
tie mystery of the safe re-
d.
following day a return visit
[made   with   a  "safe-maker's
After if our hours' work the
► was cracked."    The drawer
and revealed—one rubber
ras promptly taken Into cus-
A Critical Question
fthe Book-shop perplexity pre-
ln the ranks of the raiders.
(Id   they   take   the   lot?—or
d they discriminate?
d if so, how?
re was a mystery, within a
sry.   The "Workers' Weekly"
delivered  in  bundles care-
> labelled was easy. It went, in
But there -were books, and
s, and pamphlets galore!
Ie shop  manager volunteered
nformation that most of the
were   not  all   Communist,
of them might be "blue"—
were  blue-books—but   only
nority were "Red."
\er consultation   the   raiding
came to the conclusion that
(lmination was the better part
eace and quietness. They re-
Jntly released a bust of Lenin
nearing that he was dead) and
i an attempt to read It decided
eave  the   "A.BjQ.   of   Com-
lism" by Bucharin.
liey   preferred   the  novels  of
[tole France who thus goes to
j Zinovieff (per proxy) ih glory,
[fter all a pretty good choice—
|a C.I.D. man;-—"Sunday Work-
§li> (Emmirg Hatmr Wtm
Labor M. P.'s Report on Russia
Air Minister Seeks
More Cannon Fodder
latronizo our advertisers.
T ONDON.—That tbe Russian
Government is firmly established and is steadily achieving the
economio regeneration of the country, ls the opinion expressed by a
party of Labor M.P.'s who have returned from a visit to tbat country.
The party consisted of Mr. D. R.
Grenfell, M.P.; Mr. G. H. HaU, M.
P.; Mr. T. I. Mardy Jones, M.P.;
Mr. R. A. Taylor, M.P., and Mr.
R. C. Wallhead, M.P. (chairman),
and they were accompanied by Mr.
W. P. Coates as secretary. They
were five weeks in Russia, and a
preliminary report, which all have
signed, states:—
Economic Regeneration
In our opinion the Russian Government is firmly established, and
has the support of the great majority of the Russian people, and
we Baw evidence on every hand
that the Russian authorities are
steadily achieving the economic
regeneration of their country. Two
of the party who had previously
visited Russia in 1920 and 1923 respectively express the opinion that
immense Improvements have taken
place since their last visit.
The steady expansion of the area
of land under cultivation and the
more scientific methods of agriculture, indicated by the large
number of tractors in use and in
the course of importation and manufacture, coupled with the large
number of new electric power stations in course of erection, lead us
to believe that next year will witness the "restoration of Russia's
pre-war volume of production.
In this connection an Interesting
statement was made to us, in an
interview by M. Trotsky, to the
effect that Russia's production next
year will equal In volume that of
pre-war years; this will mark the
end of the period of reconstruction and the beginning of a new
era of economic expansion.
Great Potential Market
In our judgment it, will be an
economical disaster for Great Britain if our rulers continue a political and economic policy that undoubtedly tends to exclude British
goods from a great present and potential market. Russia, with her
present population of 140,000,000,
offers an immense field for British
manufactured goods of practically
every description, and her ability
to .pay,, provided the necessary
credits were advanced on reasonable terms, cannot be doubted.
In our opinion there is no possible justification for the continued
refusal on the part of the British
Government to extend the provisions of the Trade Facilities Acts
to Anglo-Russian trade. In view
of the growing seriousness of the
unemployed problem, it is essential
that the present embargo on Anglo-Russian trade should be removed.
Between October 1st, 1924 and
May 31st, 1925, Russia Imported
32,247 tons of agricultural machinery of the value of approximately £2,000,000; of this machinery
only 179 tons, of the value approximately £10,000, was imported from
Great Britain.
All the responsible members of
the Russian Government are willing and anxious to enter into negotiations with Great Britain to conclude a reasonable treaty which
will clear the path for fuller economic co-operation and political
good will between the two countries.
Harvest Good
In the course of an interview,
Mr. Mardy Jones, M.P., one of the
deputation, said Russia had a record harvest this year, and many
thousands of tractors and other
agricultural implements were
urgently required by the peasants,
who would be able to pay for them
on two or three years' credit out
of the surplus of their annual har
vest even if this was substantially
less than the record harvest of this
year.
"The mining engineers of Russia," Mr. Jones added, "are very
anxious to adopt the latest mining
methods and introduce up-to-date
machinery. They are very favorably impressed with British mining
machinery, and, given a mutually
satisfactory scheme of long credits,
they could place very substantial
orders here,
Orders for British Coal
"The whole of the existing, textile machinery in Russia has been
bought from Great Britain, and the
Russian Government are anxious to
import quantities of the latest textile machinery from Great Britain.
But the need for the manufacture
of clothing is so urgent that, unless
satisfactory negotiations can be
concluded between the Soviet Government ands British manufacturers In the near future, they will be
compelled to purchase textile machinery from America."
Mr. Mardy Jones stated that the
cost of coal transport from South
and Central Russia to Leningrad
and North Russia was so great that
it was cheaper to import British
coal for that region. Approval had
been given to orders for 160,000
tons of Welsh and English coal foi
Leningrad. There was no reason, if
British coal exporters pushed their
wares, why Britain should not be
able to sell several million tons of
coal a year to North Russia.
LONDON.—Speaking at Lincoln
recently, Sir Samuel Hoare, minister for ali-, appealed for Air Force
Reservo recruits:
"The world 'fs staggering under
the burden of armaments," he
said, "and as far as I am concerned I should welcome an opportunity that can be safely taken
for reducing them.
"The critical battles of the future will be fought over'our great
cities, and the chief sufferers will
be the civilians, men, women and
children of our great towns. But
air development has made immense strides.
"Let me give you a single illustration. In the whole of the late
war only some 300 tons of bombs
were dropped by enemy aircraft
in this country.
"Air forces could today drop
almost the same weight in the
first 24 hours of war, and continue this scale of attack indefinitely. I need not dilate upon
this terrible and repulsive picture."
And then he had the impudence
to ask for more recruits.
British Labor Scores
Europe's Prize Butcher
LONDON.—The (following telegram has been sent to Admiral
Horthy, regent of Hungary, on behalf of the British Labor movement:
"The British Labor party understands that Communist and
Socialist prisoners are being tried
by court martial today.
"We respectfully urge that the
trial be public and open, In accordance with the customary judicial procedure throughout Europe, and strongly urge clemency
for political offences."
The telegram is signed by J. R.
Clynes, M.P., for the Parliamentary Labor party; Robert Williams,
chairman of the National Executive of the Labor party, and J. S.
Middleton, assistant secretary of
the Labor party.
Claim Britain Aided
In Persian Revolution
Striking Irish Miners
Go Into Coal Business
(By Federated  PreSs.)
DUBLIt-T.—By going into the
coal importing and distributing
business the locked out miners of
Ireland and their mates in the
Workers Uni'on of Irelartd are providing cheaper coal to the public
and at the same time keeping
themselves fed and forcing their
employers toward bankruptcy or
a settlement with the men.
The refusal of two members of
the Workers' Union of Ireland to
pay their union dues led to the
lockout. The owners felt with the
prospect of a coal strike in England
that they would be able to sell thoir
coal later at a much higher price
and took Advantage of the union
dispute to bring about the lockout.
General secretary Larkin of the
Workers' Union of Ireland turned
the coal section Of the union in**.,
a co-operative organization for selling coal. Soon British ships loaded
with coal came steaming into Dublin harbor.
The union has already handled
over 60 shiploads of coal, involving
a turnover of nearly {500,000, The
union talks of extending operations
lnto~other industries. Coal that sells
in Dublin for $14 per ton is sold by
the union for $11 per ton. This
price allows a handsome profit.
British Unions Halt
Reductions in Wages
(By Federated Press.)
LONDON.—Not only have the
miners and 'the textile workers by
their militancy warded off wage reductions and patched up a temporary peace in England, but the
building workers have made a
truce by whicli there will be no
wage reductions for at least nine
months. The shipyard unions are
also holding their demands in
abeyance while an inquiry ls made
into the industry-
Trouble is brewing on the railroads. The demands of the employers are totally irreconcilable
with the programs of the unions,
and the central wage board has
failed to roach any agreement. The
matter has been referred to the
national wage board, so the railroads will enjoy a truce during the
negotiations. The companies want
a flat rate reduction In wages of
$1.50 a week in rural areas and $1
in London. The workers demands
are set out In the all-grades program of the National Union of
Railwaymen and in the program of
the Railway Clerks Association,
embracing all-around increases in
wages and general Improvements.
The N. U. R. ls also demanding a
pension scheme for railroad workers.
The locomotive engineers union
has begun a campaign to do away
with overtime. On the Southern
railway all members are refusing
to work overtime when arriving at
their local depots, if they have completed hours on duty. Electrification ls leading to unemployment,
and the engineers refuse overtime
while fellow-workers are workless.
LONDON.—It ls reported here
on reliable authority that British
money and arms were behind the
recent coup d'etat, by which the
former premier of Persia, Rlza
Kahn, now the new king, overthrew the shah.
It is reported that attaches of
the British foreign office have
openly boasted that the revolution
in Persia is part of a menacing <plot
to girdle Soviet Russia with hostile
governments, preparatory to a
probable attack on the worker's
republic whenever an opportune
time arrives. This scheme, British
diplomats think, is the best since
the Locarno pact, which is supposed to have won Germany over
to the British side of an alliance
against the Soviet Union.
Miners Protest Arrest
Of British Communists
LONDON.—The following letter
has been addressed to the' Home
Secretary by the Miners' Federation of Great Britain:
"Dear Sir: I am instructed by
my committee- to convey to you
the strongest possible protest
against the arrest and imprisonment of the Communist leaders.
We feel that the method adopted
in dealing with whatever offence
Is alleged against them is contrary to every tradition of British
justice and fair play, a*nd must
have the condemnation of all
British subjects, even if they are
strong upholders of the British
constitution.
"Tours faithfully, on behalf of
the Executive Committee of the
Miners' Federation of Great Britain,
"A. J. COOK, Secretary."
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TENDERS WANTED for Sohool Stationery Supplies for 1926. Apply
School Board Office for specifications.
Tenders close Monday, 30th November,
1925. Lowest or nny tender not necessarily  accepted.
B. G. WOLFK-MERTON,
Businoss  Malinger,   Vancouver   School
Board.
Finnish Co-Operatives
Have Had a Busy Year
(By Federated Press.)
NEW TORK—One hundred and
seventy-five thousand dollars of
business was done by the Co-operative Colony of Finns in Brooklyn,
N. T. in the first half of 1925, reports the Co-operative league.
Therr-are 2,000 members. Their
assets include $2,000,000 real estate
They have a dozen co-operative
apartment houses, a co-operative
garage, and other institutions, and
run a large co-operative bakery,
restaurant, meat and grocery store
and recreation hall.
Pass this copy to your shopmate
and get him to subscribe,
SOLID LEATHER SHOES
At Prices You Oan Afford to Pay
MEN, WOMEN AND CHILDREN _
EVERY PAIR IS A BARGAIN—SPECIALS FOR THIS WEEK
Children's Slippers clearing at  $1.45 and $1.95
Ladles' Sample Shoes, regular to $7, for  $2.95
Boys' School Shoes  $2.45 and $2.95
Men's Work Boote (the famons "Skookum")  $3.95 and $4.95
Men's Dress Boots, np to $10 values, (or  $4.95
KIBLER'S SHOETERIA
(The Best tor Lees)
163 HASTINGS ST. E.       (Almost Opposite the Library)' Page Eight
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Friday, November!
BOOK  REVIEW -
Steel Trust Coins $42,000,000
YOUTH IN CONFLICT (By Dr. Miriam Van Waters)
Our modern adult world with its which children consciously or un-
competitlon, strife, misery and sor- consciously crave, are denied, both
didness—as well as its good points  in industry and the home.
finds its reflection in the world of
youth. For youth is essentially imitative and dependent, tremendously susceptible and plastic, and according to Its development, is either a credit or a disgrace to the society in which it finds itself.
The authoress is of the opinion
that many Occupations are "dangerous." Domestic service, for Instance, where girls have long
hours, monotonous routine, restricted opportunities for social
life,  and  too much  contact  with
This  is   the   attitude   that   Dr. the  home   conflicts  of  those  for
Waters  takes  in   her  remarkably whcmi they work,
frank and rational book.   Her ex-      There is a cruel physical waste
perience as Referee in the Juvenile of    y°uth    ln    textile   industries,
Court   of   Los   Angeles,   together m***a,  foundries,  factories, and' in
with her own store of knowledge canneries,   field   and   farm,   and
and  her sympathetic insight  into there   is   an  equal  waste   in  the
juvenile troubles, makes most in- "service" industries, such as tele-
teresting reading. Phone operating, theatre ushering,
The    fact   that    such   juvenile salesmanship; there is a perpetual
courts are being established  is a de™ W**_^<*J___
sign that society is acknowledging
its responsibility in regard to the
soothe,
adults.
flatter  and  interest  tired
In the long run, there is
young.    And the growing need of ^"i^JT^L^-T-.^'
such institutions is a terrible indictment  against   modern  society.
Tet  even  juvenile   delinquency  is  m°S\ot?1uer aspetcts ot our soclal
not an unmixed evil; it is infinitely life- ia t"6, neatest consideration.
venturing  youth   and   profit-seeking  adults;   profit,  in  this, as  in
One of the greatest signs of the
'simple" healthy '"reaction  to ti,mes ls y°uth's questionings.  So-
cial  standards are  no longer a***
cepted uncritically. One of youth's
preferrable to repression. It is "a
more
emotional stress than is mental regression." Lying, stealing, truan-
cy, even youthful immorality and best contributions to society Is Its
vice, are in themselves, merely na
tural results of conditions, and foi
frankness;  lt is this which tears
aside  the  shams  and  hypocrisies
low as inevitably as night follows of our system.    However,  experi-
day..
ence—race experience, that is—
will decide who is right, or, rather, whose course is wisest.
.     .    ,      .     „        The writer is not content with
people who advocate the harshness   ■■-.-,.       . .        , ,   ,
,        , .        ■__ .    .    j, • * j ,'u seeking  for  causes  of social  de-
of punishment instead ot the wis-  ,,_„„  .        .,
...      , T   .     .    . „„,,    linquency   among   juveniles;    she
dom  of inquiry.    Instead  ot  sub- no.
Such an attitude was unheard of
a few years ago, and there are still
jecting the youthful delinquent to
the brutality of prison and reformatory, the Juvenile Courts concern
themselves with the real reasons
for such delinquency, after which
they seek ■ the remedy.
The state of the home is often
the cause of juvenile lapses. There .       ._.,.,,
_ , ....       ,      ., .  4.„ of human behavior, to tackle the
are certain conditions in which the *,: _    '
.-.,-. ,   ,       _.,.        „„        u   ,   ,,., conflict   of   youth.     It   must   be
child is bound to suffer, physically ,       ,_,__,,       , „ .
* „ . .,.       iv,„ remembered  that   the   delinquent
and  mentally    such aB where the *■ .      ....        .
has much to say on its adjustment. Tolerance and good-will
cannot solve the problem, though
these undoubtedly play an important part. Science, with all Its
mistakes and false values, still
remains the fittest instrument
with which to delve Into secrets
child is bearing the burden of experimentation; he has been forced
into that position through adult
Selfishness.—Francis  Wills.
rearing of children is not taken
seriously, but is regarded as the
merest incidental—or worse, as a
hindrance to business, ambition
and pleasure; where exists parental coldness, jealousy, Intolerance Workers' Plight Forces
and strife.
The ancients insisted on filial
piety, by which they meant unquestioning obedience, and unreasonable subjection to parental tyranny.    But reverence and consid-
Old Age Pension Bill
(By Federated Press)
DOSTON—New England's general
industrial depression has bc-
eration are due to the child no less COino so severe in Its effects that
than to his parents. Between the tlle Massachusetts stute legisla-
tyranny of the old type and the tul.e.g commission Gn pensions is
laxity of the new, lies the happy forcea to recommend a, bill provld-
medium, whero mutual considera- ,ng stute m for ^ aged A lnax.
tion is the rule. Children cannot imum of $7 _vcek|y ,g offerefl to
be  expected  to honor and respect a„ ^.^ ow 7Q who h^o les_
Headers of Ihe Lsbor Advocate are
Invited to send in letters for publication ln oor "Open Forum." This la
a "free for all." No communication!
will be censored so long as writers
refrain from indulging In personalities. Letteri should aot exceed 260
words. Ihe management of Ihe Advocate assumei no responsibility for
opinions expressed in this space,
Editor Labor Advocate;
Your last issue contains a letter
from a J. N. Boult, in which he
makes an attack upon the attitude
adopted by Labor's candidate in the
last federal election.
According to Mr. Boult these
men had their head in the air,
and one would almost infer, their
feet too, because they had the courage, to point out that palliatives
do not palliate, and that there is
but one way out of the existing
social morass, and that ls the destruction of Capitalism. This to
Mr. Boult, is an incorrect attitude.
He wants them to have a string of
reforms and issues half a mile long,
just like the Liberals and Conservatives have got, which serves to
show that even the 'pioneers of the
Labor movement" have not yet got
rid of the capitalist method of
looking at things.
Immigration certainly did form
part of the Labor candidates election programme. Mr. Boult must
know that if he followed what was
said by Labor spokesmen during
the election, therefore, we can
come to no other conclusion but
that they did not deal with the
quesion in the manner that he desired.
Personally, I was somewhat inclined to the view that the Labor
candidates ran too strongly to reforms, and too little to pointing
out that the only real soluion is
the end of capitalism, but Mr.
Boult's letter has to a certain extent relieved my fears.
As for the statement that if the
Labor candidates do not get more
reformistlc a new Labor Party will
take its place. I should like to
point out to yotir correspondent
that the C. L. P. comprises the entire ' organized Labor movement,
that it embraces all shades of political thought, and that if any new
tendency arises it will be manifested through that body itself and
not by the formation of a new
Party.
Hoping that some other reader
will deal more fully with the conclusions arrived at by Mr. Boult.
Yours,
R. WATERS.
(By Leland Olds)
A PROFIT of $42,400,412 was thc
U. S. Steeel corporation's reward for buying labor cheap and
selling Its product dear in the Srd
quarter of 1025. ..This exceeds by
$12,000,000 the profit of the same
period last year and ls sufficient
to pay both regular and extra dividends twice over.
'..An extraordinary thing about
these profits is that they were
made by a corporation averaging
only 72% of capacity production.
Even in July when the average fell
to 68%, U. S. Steel made a, profit
of $13,908,613. The steel trust
charges prices which produce
double dividends while operating
less than % capacity.
Profits the first 9 months of the
year amounted lo $122,907,625,
equal after all interest charges and
preferred dividends to $9.44 on
each $100 share. Indications point
to more than $13 a share for the
entire year. Financial quarters are
full of hints that continuation of
such high profits will be found
to justify an increase in the 7%
dividends now being paid regularly
on over half a billion dollars of
common stock which originally represented no Investment whatsoever.  '
Only 5 days before announcing
these excessive profits chairman
(Jary said: "If One should ask
whether or not there is any panacea for the ills that sometimes appear to the moral, political, social
or economic life of the nation, the
answer ls, 'Yes, by the general adoption and practice of the Colden
Rule.' If any one protests that this
is impractible such a one, of course
refers to others and does not include himself. In determining the
application of the golden rule, not
only Individuals but aggregations
should become active participants."
Gary also suggests that "all of
us must constantly and conscientiously look into our own hearts
and strive to overcome what, it
anything, Is wrong." Does he find
in his own heart the suggestion
that such mammoth profits warrant an increase in the 40c an hour
basic wage of the corporation of
which he is dictator? Or a reduction in prices of products which
affect the price of practically every
item in the c"Dst of living
Quite the contrary!
out of his heart the prj
steel magnates once agl
ring to raise prices and J"
larger profits out Of tl)
That  ls  Gary's  idea-
rule inside the emplojl
but   exploitation  for   11
isn't waiting for pie in tl
KATONAH,  N.Y.—(I
50 students from more
en industries and trade
part in the opening of
term pt Brookwood Lab
There are several workf|
from abroad and two
ents  on  scholarships pj
the   National  Associatio
Advancement of Colored|
Enthroned Workc
Educational
LENINGRAD—"The
in  power, as an  organ^
is  the  natural  friend
and technical progress,"!
viet  education  commlsiq
acharsky,  speaking  at
anniversary   of   the   Aej
Sciences  ln  Leningrad. ■
last two years,"  he  s*
state budget grants fori
ucational    purposes    st«j
creased and the day is
tant whep the increased
of the country will ena
prove to the world thad
except   where   the   tonj
been completely emancin
possible   to   develop   stf
spread educational activil
benefit of the masses of
pie."
One  of the educational,
the  soviet government
thorized increase for the
of Sciences, which make
mates    for   1926    nearj
1925.    The  wage  and
funds are more thap dol
academy has 7 research!
4  bioligieal laboratories^
of eugenics, 6 large mt
'18  commjsslons. Durlnfi
ence it has published oi
volumes.      The    library!
about  4,000,000  volumef
museums and exhibition
ited by more than 150^
annually.
A society cannot be founded only
on the pursuit of pleasure and
power; a society can only be founded on the respect for liberty and
justice.—Paine.
either those who treat them mere
ly as possessions or those who pay
undue homage to youth.
"Youth has Its genuine contribution to make to family life—
youth is an asset as well as a problem. Neither age-group can be
healthy   and   virile   without   self*
than  $365 income  yearly or less
than $3000 in property. ..The commission admits that it chose $7 as
"the smallest weekly payment"
which it considered "adequate under American conditions."
The fact that unemployment is a
respect" says Dr. Waters, but on Browing and permanent feature of
the other hand, "the way In which New England's industrial life is
boys and girls are made tremen- reflected in the commission's re-
dously aware of their own Import- port. Agents talked to nearly 20,-
ance; the way in which maturity 000 of the 225,000' persons over 65
imitates them Is not fair to youth, in Massachusetts and found out
It suggests that parents are secretly about 12,000 more receiving some
bankrupt." form of charity.   It was found that
"The child, during growth, de- 43,000 persons 65 or over had no
serves to be nested securely; he income or property from which to
should hot know anxiety caused by live, Conditions were worst in the
strife, disharmony or unsatisfied large industrial cities: nearly 21%
longings of either parent. Fathers over 70 jn Boston have no income
who lose Initiative in family affairs or proPerty; 25% over 75. In Fall
or become too timid or too tyran- River cotton ml„ town ^here two.
nical; mothers who wi?h to domln- thir(Js of a mllUon dollars wa_
eer, or to evade family life, moth- _pen. ,_. re]ief work ,ast year| ov_
ers whose desire is not to nourish er n% o£ thQ_e Qver ^.^     nQ
l.*F_-      .n,l'(nnl     ni*     )•***.      nUll Jnnn 4* ■*■*. •**. A      * r\
life and'feellng In children, tend to
produce children who fill our
courts and hospitals."
The work of the adolescent may
be a cause of failures;   never so
income or property.
Massachusetts' chief Industries
are textile and shoe manufacturing.. Shoes are on part time work
much as to day, has it been shih but c°"on and wool more so, with
a problem.    Modern Industry "de- ,ower wa*eB-   New England cotton
mands too much and too little of workers are feeling the pinch of
boys and*girls; too much exploits- production    by    southern   textile
tlon of nervous force, too little use mills  often  owned  by their  own
of  creatlveness  and   sense  of  re- New England  employers.    Massa-
sponslblllty."   The hand crafts and chusetts textile workers have been
cookery of home are diminished or given repeated wage cuts and are
vanished;    the    occupations    for still not working full weeks al-
Don't forget! Mention the Advocate when buying.
though the Industry is suposed to
have revived somewhat. Workers
cannot get enough employment to
provide a living for themselves,
let alone take care of their old
folks.
The old age pension bill proposes
to raise the dole fund by increasing the state income tax %% and
adding $2 poll tax on all men and
women. Although the pension ls
called 'non-contributory," the poll
tax makes pension receivers Indirectly pay a part. Deductions
for earnings over $150 a year or
for incomes under $365 or for property under $3000 are provided to
lessen the pension and those old
people whose children are able to
support them are Ineligible for
state aid. The commission figures
that 18,000 will receive pensions if
the bill goes through. This means
that one out of about every 230
people In Massachusetts is over 70
and unable to support himself or
be supported by the work of his
children.
The only other old ags pension
bill introduced in the United States
was passed by Pennsylvania in
1923 but declared unconstitutional.
CORPORATION OP THE DISTRICT OF*
BURNABY
r\ESIRABLE HOMESITES in this district of small hon_J
•*-' large gardens, and also parcels of acreage, can b|
chased from the Corporation at moderate prices and onj
terms.
Industrial sites on the waterfront ajnd along the Hfl
of the railways may be purchased or leased.
For particulars and prices apply to the
PROPERTY DEPARTMENT
MUNICIPAL  HALL EDMOND-J
Send In your subscription today,
Our Dry Goods Store]
5069 Fraser Avenm
■■--■■■ ' " ■■
has not been opened very long, but each week has
an inerease in business.   People who buy here getj
faction both in quality and price. .
OUR STOCK IS ALL NEW AND AT ROCK-BOTTOM
For Instance:
All Wool                (4 AQ       Comforters
Blankets  opOatjO        Each  ■
We Specialize in Ladles' and Children's Apparel, Und
and Hosiery
You WUl Find Our Stook of
Xmas Presents
Exceptionally Choice and at Prices You Can Afford
The Bon Dry Gobi
5969 Fraser Avenue
Phone Prase

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