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The Canadian Labor Advocate 1926-04-15

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Full Text

 The Canadian
fhe Week's News
>..R. Men Seek Raise  1
J.L.P.  Militant     1
iascism In Australia  3
Vafflc  ln   Slaves   4
British Labor Notes ....
Labor Advocate
Wtth Which Is Incorporated THE B.C. FEDERATIONIST
hteenth Year, No. 15.
RADIAN RAIL]
DEMAND 1NCR
Special Articles
Book  Review:   _
Another War?  2
The Week at Ottawa  _
Soviet Labor Unions ,'Sj. *
Music Hath Charms jj**'.* 4
VANCOUVER, B. C, THURSDAY, APRIL 15th, 1926
SIX PAGES
5c A COPT
WORKERS
WAGES
Former Officials Are Selected
IBy II. A. SPENCE
'HEAL—(PP)—Wage boosts
re demanded by the conven-
Dlvlslon 4, railway employ-
lartment, A. F. ot L, thirty
jtice having been filed with
iway Association of Canada,
nands ot the men Include a
t per hour Increase tor all
atlons, time and one-half for
a worked on Sundays and
, a stabilized work week of
* 40 hours, and a revision of
leral rules.
invention had 182 delegates
nting 35,000 members ot the
in railroads.   R. J. Tallon,
nt;   Prank   McKenna, vlce-
nt, and Charles Dickie, seo-
treasurer, were unanimously
ed. The next convention will
I In Winnipeg in 1928.
Swing   this   convention   con-
Is of the system federations
■Canadian Pacific railway and
In   National   railways   shop
lees were held.    Practically
lire time of both conventions
iken up in discussing shop
fees and the  administrative
if the federations,
•y    Thornton,    president    of
anadian   National   Railways,
sed the delegates, expressing
ctlon with the results of the
ratlve plan which had been
ce in the main shops of the
Inn National railways during
J ist two years, and Bald he
forward to the time wthen
m cotld be extended to all
es of the servioe.
i co-operative   committee,   In
I report, tound that the rein-
p between management and
nessee Monkey
Trial Set for May
the men had shown a decided Improvement and that the effect on
organization was shown In a steady
Improvement in the membership of
the shop crafts unions. The convention went on record for the extension of the plan to all branches
of the service.
Dealing with the question ot
education, the committee recommended that all federated shopmen
take advantage of the railroad labor Institute at Brookwood Labor
college and that the local lodges
give every assistance financially in
having their members attend.
Alberta Sedioft
Seeks Nationalization
Canadian Coal Mines
Unemployment Situation Still Serious
RADICAL TONE MAINTAINED
BY ONTARIO SECTION, CUR
Government House for Children's Hospital
Alberta Lawmakers
Ditch 8-Hour Day
YORK—The appeal frota
Snnessee evolution trim ver-
111 be argued before the Su-
Court of Tennessee early In
At this hearing the conetl-
!lty Of the Tennessee antl-ev-
. law will be challenged by
tttyeto ot the American CWI1
les Unloh, Which IS support-
!i defense.  The son ot William
jto Bryan, according to a ream Knotvllle, ls meanwhile
ng a brief on "Police Pow-
be filed with the antl-evolu-
lef, contending that the act
d be sbstslned as a valid «x-
af the police power in con-
educatlon.
;e _\ Washbnrn,   of  Clear-
Pla., director-general ot the
Broeeder* of America, has
lotter of congratulations to
l-Dally   Olarlon-IadgW,"   ot
JO, FIa„ for the "htrtory mak-
aMrable victory fairly and
ly won" by MHaHrtppI In
i on antl-orolutton bill.
BDMONTON, Alta.—The proposed
8-hour day for Alberta has gone up
ln smoke. When the matter came
up for debate in the Legislative Assembly the government Introduced
an amendment, providing for the
appointment by the government ot
a commission composed of three
men to enquire Into the practlbll-
Ity of the 8-hour day. and for them
to report back to next session ot
the legislature.
Meantime, Alex. Ross, minister of
public works, bas introduced a bill
for a 9-hour day and a 54-hour
week, with exemptions for certain
seasonal occupations, This bill applies to retail store clerks working
ln towns with a population of over
5,000. When questioned as to why
the proposed law should only apply to large towns the minister replied that lt would be too difficult
to enforce it in small towns.
A bill calling for a minimum wage
for men as well as women Is also
under consideration, and is meeting with strenuous objections from
the manufacturing interests.
EDMONTON, Alta.—Old age pen-
health and social insurance to
be paid for from the profits of Industry; repeal of the North West
Territories Act; and abolition of
night work in mines, were among
the questions discussed and acted
upon by the fourth annual convention of the Alberta Section, Canadian Labor Party, which met here
on April 2nd.
It was decided that efforts be
made to make unemployment the
concern of the federal government,
and that work be supplied at trade
union rates of pay, or full maintenance provided.
The convention went on record
ns being in favor of immigration
being put entirely under federal
control, and taken out of the hands
of transportation companies.
A resolution calling for the abolition of the North West Territories
Act, which permits trial without
jury, was endorsed, as was also a
resolution calling for social, unemployment and accident insurance
to be instituted by the federal government and paid for from the
profits ot Industry.
Nationalization of mines, or the
inaugratton of some scheme which
would protect the miners during
periods of part time employment
was accepted.
It was decided to recommend that
old age pensions be administered by
the Dominion government, as provincial administration, as proposed,
would debar all migratory workers
from receiving benefits. It was also decided to recommend that the
maximum qualifying age be sixty
yenrs, that the pension rate be $360
per year, that there be no discrimination regarding years of residence
or whether the applicant was a
British subject, and that no applicant be debarred because he had
suffered imprisonment.
The Incoming executive were Instructed to appoint three persons
for a two year period, or until successes were elected, to carry on
research work in finance, industry,
economic and social questions, and
that the executive set aside ten per
cent, of their income to pay for
this.
An indication of tho state ot employment here may be gathered
from a resolution moved by Delegate D. W. Morgan which reads;
"That this convention form themselves into a committee and approach the government in a body
for immediate assistance for the
unemployed." This resolution was
amended by the delegates being requested to forwnrd to the provincial*'t'Overnment a statement of the
number of unemployed In their district, and that the executive be instructed to take the matter up with
the provincial  authorities.
By SCOTT NEARING
LONDON, Ont—(FP)—The Ontario section of the Canadian
Labor Party opened Its annual convention in London April 1 with 215
delegates representing 78 working
class organizations. These organizations Included 27 trade unions,
18 Communist groups, 16 Jewish
labor groups, 10 Lahor Party group)
and 7 scattering organizations.
Debate centred on two resolutions: one declaring that the Canadian Labor Parly Immediately cancel tbe affiliation ot the Communist party; the other declaring that
"the system of capitalism has end-
/. L. P. Gets Ready
For Summer School
PROFIT SHARING TOO CAPITALISTIC
*** *     *     * *     *     * *     *     *
IS OPINION OF U.S. MANUFACTURERS
New Zealand Labor
Prospects Bright
WELLINGTON, New Zealand —
(FP)—Summing up the Labor position in New Zealand, Mr, H. E.
Holland, leader of the N. Z. Labor
Party, said that the ontlook was
healthy. Although the Party lost
seats at the last election, lt had
greatly Increased Its voting
strength. There had been a great
forwnrd movement. Fifty thousand had voted for Labor In 1914,
and at the last election no less than
185,000 votes were cast for the Labor Party. If the Party had had
the money to contest other seats,
at least another 20,000 votes tor
Labor would have been polled,
Labor scored at least one-third ot
the votes at the recent elections.
Subscribe   for  the  Advocate.
[Peonage in New York State
Strikers Get Arrested on Suspicion
I TOW*—A spectacular rescue ot eight fur workert from a farm
| Spring Valley, New Tork, took place recently. A worker tele-
! his son-in-law that he was being prevented by armed guards from
f tt farm where an Improvised manufacturing shop was being oper-
Ia member of the Strikers' Lawi Committee and two detectives
I the farm and rescued this man and seven others who were also
leld as prisoners.
; fur strikers were arrested last week, charged with disorderly
m.   The charge   was  laid by  a  manufacturer  who claimed the
Is shouted at, and threatened him.   The officer who mtde the ar-
ild he heard no disturbance ahd simply mad* the atrests on tng*
There was no evidence that anyone had committed an illegal act,
court fined eight of them $10 each, and Imposed a sentence of 16
jail on another, because he had been previously convicted of dls-
■ conduct.
pile these sentences are being Imposed on w orkers a gangster wha
Mted for throwing a knife at a girl striker was merely fined $2i.
p_sg another girl on the chest he was given a suspended sentence.
| striker* wbb w»re arrested for picketing «era fined f__ or five
b Jill. Tbey wanted to take the Jail sentence but th* Union refuted
mil them to mnke this sacrifice.
CHICAGO-(FP)-Profit sharing
In Industry gives the worker
distorted economic ideas and destroys his enthusiasm for hard
work, states a communication circulating In Chicago employer circles. It is issued by the National
Association of Manufacturers, the
nationwide openship organization,
and lt Is signed by C. B. Wheeler,
chairman of Its employment relations committee. Wheeler ls vice-
president of Eaton, Crane & Pike
Co., makers of writing paper ln
Pittsfield, Mass. Another member
of the committee is W. M. Wood ot
Decatur, III,
"The Initiation of n profit-sharing
plan can only spring from a desire
to enlist n sustained loyalty on the
part of employees," Writes Wheeler
In opening his attack on the
scheme, from whtch great things
were expected after the war In
keeping labor quiet and contented.
He defines profit sharing as a "plan
whereby employees, Including wage
earners, regularly fedelYe a predetermined share of profit* as a
part of their compensation."
It's an awful bad Idea, one gathers from his criticism, beeause It
gives the worker the tall end of a
notion that you can sometimes get
something for nothing, which Is tbe
secret of capitalism. As the open
shopper neatly puts It: "During
a given period the worker may be
inspired to the maximum effort ot
which he is capable and find that
his ahare ot profits Is Uss than for
another period during which he la
conscious ot less determined effort.
A system which produces such a
results distorts the worker's thinking and promotes economic fallacies."
Another rotten thing sbout proft
sharing seems to be that all thl*
extra cash is really an Insult to
the employee. "It comes to the
worker In the nature of a gratuity,"
Wheeler explains, "which he secretly If not openly resents."
The rock bottom market price for
bis labor ls what a worker has coming to him plus a margin for speeded production, Improved quality or
definite economy, Wheeler tells his
fellow openshoppers. Such a wag*
policy he respectfully submit* a*
"a safer, more constructive and In
every way a more scientific method
than the method of profit-sharing."
nr .,   in   mt ni lllli       I,    mn        •
WEST SUMMERLAND, B. C. —
The members of Summerland Local,
I. L. P., are having a bee on Thursday to clean up the grounds at the
Log Cabin and are making arrangement to hold the first of their summer socials there In May. On
April 19th there will be a general
discussion on world conditions entitled "Mussolini versus Trotsky";
April 26th will be a business meeting at which plans for the summer
school will be discussed and committees appointed, and May 3rd
there will be a social at the Log
Cabin.
Preparations are well in band
for the summer school which will
be held from August 15-29, nnd
Rev. A. E. Smith, M.A., president
of the Ontario Section, C. L. P., has
signified his willingness to act as
director. Full particulars will be
issued shortly but an Interesting
syllabus Is assured and two weeks
of an Ideal holiday spent in beautiful surroundings.
The opening of the new Cariboo
Highway places the summer school
within easy access of Const points
and every Laborlte should keep the
school in mind when planning his
holidays.
Australian Miners
Prepare To Strike
SYDNEY, Australia — (FP) —
Trouble ls threatening in the coalmining industry because of the
fact that the federal government
will not appoint tribunals to deal
with the many grievances of the
miners. At present there Is but
one coal tribunal to deal with all
troubles, and as a result many
grievances have existed for over
two years without a hearing. The
miners demanded the appointment
of new tribunals threatening to
strike lf these were not appointed
by the government. The government has refused to make the appointments, and the next move Is
With the miner*.
ed Its usefulness," snd that tbl
party should proceed by "constltff-
tlonal, educational and politic*!
means to the development of tb*
qo-operatlve  commOnwd^tfth."
The resolution providing for tbt
cancelling ot Communist affiliation
was lost by a vote of 116 to 57. A
noteworthy feature ot this vote wtl
that there were but 50 Communlit
delegates present, and tbat had
they abstained from voting tbe motion would still have been lost.
The convention, after a long dir*
cussion on the use of constitutional
means, adopted a resolution reaffirming the position of the party
as outlined in the constitution of
the Ontario section. This section
of the constitution provides for tkt
use of constitutional "or othrt
means" necessary to the emancl*-
pation of the working class.
A resolution was unanimously
adopted providing that since "nt
permanent peace can be hoped for
until the root causes of War, capj***
itallsm and Imperialism, are eliminated," and since the Locarno padt
does not In any way remove then
causes of war, that therefore "Canada should refuse all responsibility" for tbe results of British foreign policy. In the course of tbt
debate It was pointed out that
should a war result from the Locarno treaties Canada Would b*
drawn into it because Canadian
ships and Canadian goods wodll
be contraband and would therefor*
be subject to seizure.
Another unanimous decision of
the convention calls for the conversion of the Oovernment Houa*
of Ontario Into a ' .spltal for sick
chlldren. The Government Hou**
Is owned by the province of Ontario and Is used as a residence by
the governor of the province, expenses for its upkeep being provided by the province. During 19ft
these expenses totalled $47,665.
"No one can be governor of thla
province who has not at least f 100,-
000 to spend each year that he I*
In ofllce," stated the mover*of th*
resolution,' "Thot means that onty
about 30 or 40 men in the whole
province can afford to be governor.
These are years of unemployment
and hardship. Instead ot using tbl*
building to give the rich a little Incitement, we Bhould employ It a* a
children's hospital."
NEARING  COMING  TO
VANCOUVEIt IN OCTOM.1
Soul I Nearing, who returned te
this continent recently, after a tour
through Europe which took hira Into all the chief countries including
Russia, wlll be In Vancouver In the
month of October next.
Arrangements are being made for
him to remain in this city for about
two weeks. Having ample time t*
advertise his meetings he should b*
assured of a bumper audience.
New Lemieux Act
for Alberta Labor
Queensland Labor
In A Heretic Hunt
EDMONTON, Alta.-nCompulsory
arbitration of labor disputes In certain Industries wilt be the law In
this province, If a bin now before
th* legislative MMimkly passes.
Tbls bill, which I* entitled "An-Act
to provide for the Settlement of
Labor Disputes," Is almost Identl**
cal wltb the federal Lemleux Act,
whieh Wa* declared unconstitutional by tke Privy Council.
Discussing tbe question, F. M.
ChrlBtophers, Labor member for
Rocky Mountain Hon**, pointed out
that the Lemleux Aet had been
chiefly used in Alberta to break
strikes at a time when the striker*
had almost won.
BRISBANE, Queensland — (FP)
—At the annual meeting of the
Queensland branch of the Australian Labor Party, various delegates
to the Conference were excluded
because they refused to sign an
anti-Communist pledge. The president of the conference (Mr. De-
malle) IS explaining the action of
the conference, said that the A.L.P.
could not countenance "this disturbing and disrupting" element,
nor was it prepared to accept the
idea of Communist permeation or
White-anting. The conference, by
an overwhelming majority, decided
that all members of tbe Labdr
Party MWt slg« an a»tl-Com__n»-
Ist pledge.
Day and Night Picket Line
Bosses Get Rich; Workers Get Slugged
1JAS8AIC, H, 1t-A day and night picket line Is the latest answer of tha
F 13.000 striking woollen workers of Passaic to the Increasing polio*
violence. The disclosure of the Botany Mills profits for th* fist year I*
renewing th* striker*' determination to win their three months' fight for
decent wages, Better condition* and union organisation.
: The Botany Mills earied a surplus of $1,769,398 in 1«8, or over
1300,000 more thaw tar th* previous year. After distributing fm.000 In
dividend* it ha* $311,166 left over for the same purpose. THe ffrrtt lodned
$4,000,000 to its European affiliation*. It owns 87 mill* M PolWd; mty;
Germany and Czechc-Sldvakla. Twenty per cent, profit In actual Investment Is united Front Committee Organizer Albert WlO-isfS estimate
of Botany's gain ot shown by the balance sheet Botany workers Wert
getting front $12 to $22 weekly, when they worked.
Mill town police ar* covering their badges, or slipping them info their
pockets when beating' up' strikers on picket IM**, so that their number*
cannot bb taken and complaints tor assault sworn out. Many worktn
are suffering front severe lacerations and bruises from police clubs and
AIM, wtat1 charged by police on horses or motorcycles. Arrest* ar*
Increasing. F»ge Two
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Thursday, April 15th,
h, 1926
OPEN FORUM
€bttortaI page
REVIEWS
Address   All Lottere   and
Remittances to the Editor
•••
Cbe Canadian tabor Advocate
It.oo six mont:
$-.1.0   PER   TEA
815 llolilrn llulldlne.  16 HhkIIiiioi St. E„ Vancouver, B.C,
■"hoar, Her. JIM
i
4
F==4 .*<-==
[The Weekly Pageant
RUSSIAN EMIGRES held a meeting in Paris recently for the
purpose of selecting a new Czar.
Tbere were several claimants for
jOie vacant job, and for several days
the meeting wrested with the vital
problem of which scion ot the
Romanoff family should be permitted to imagine himself wearing
the royal regalia. Neither being
willing to give up his claim, the
tonference blew up ln smoke. Royalty was never very keen on relinquishing its claim to anything.
and it is juBt as well that each one
decided to maintain his own rights,
because a claim is about as near to
the throne as any of them will ever
get.
* 4      *
SHOCKING ..IDEAS as published
r in the Farmers' Union page of
the "Western Producer" are not
nearly so shocking as are some of
thc "definitions" published by the
same writer. In a recent Issue the
author of. "shocking ideas" and
-definitions" tolls us that "A shoe
•factory ls capital. The directors ot
the factory are capitalists. Cash
ia what keeps the wheels revolving." If this definition ls correct
•ne wonders what part of the productive process Webster's successor
assigns to the workers, and why all
factories use some kind of powder
to keep the machinery in motion?
* . - *
PROFESSOR ODIUM, whose
M . earthly mission appears to be
the supplying of British Jews with
an Intellectual atmosphere, is stated
to have declared recently that "To
Interpret the Bible one must have
an open heart." In othor words,
fa order to comprehend holy writ
•ne must submit to a surgical operation and probably take a tour
among the angels.
Why Pattullo Wants Immigrants
A DDRESSING a gathering of women a few days ago at New
■ Westminster, T. D. Pattullo, minister of lands, is quoted by
the local press as declaring that he could see no reason why
three or four hundred thousand immigrants should not be
poured into Canada yearly. Doubtless he cannot, Pattullo
represents that class which views every worker as a profit producing instrument, and an army of unemployed as a necessary
and valuable weapon with which to force down wages, and
spread dissention and prejudice in the ranks of the working
class by pitting the employed against the unemployed.
But Pattullo has also other reasons for desiring an increase of population, He informed his listeners that Canadian
railways were built on the assumption of increased population,
and that "it was vitally necessary to obtain this increase."
Vitally necessary for whom? Why, the railroad companies,
of course. They are "the people that matter." Under capitalism railroads, like everything else, exist for the purpose of
exploiting workers for a profit, and not for the purpose of
serving the needs of the populace. Profit is the prime factor;
those who perform useful work are a secondary consideration.
There is another factor in this case which Pattullo, for
obvious reasons, failed to mention. The government of which
he is a part are endeavoring to dispose of the P. G. E. railway,
by handing over to the purchaser a huge tract of land. Both
land and railway will be valueless except immigrants can be
enticed into settling on farms. Profit can not be gathered
except workers are set to work, and settlers will provide the
necessary freight and passenger traffic to keep a number employed. Then there is also the fact that some of the prospective
settlers may possess a few dollars which can be wheedled out
of them in roturn for a few acres of stumps, and an empty
promise of a rosy future.
Pattullo is a valuable accessory to those he represents.
Union Directory
ALLIED PRINTING TBADES COUNCIL—Meeta. aecond Monday In the
■walk.      Prealdeat,   J.    H.    White I
' Moratory, It. H. Neelanda, P.O. Box
M.	
BIKEnV SALESMEN, LOCAL S71—
..Meeta aecond Thurida-r every
■nth In Holden Bonding. Proul-
. lent, t. Brlfflitwclli Snanclal aecrc-
' *__T, H. A. Bowron, 701 13th Ave. E.
•mc EMPLOYEES' UNION, LOCAL
*S—Meeta Irat anil  third Frldaya
la the month at MS llnitlns**, VV.. at
I p.m.    John   MncRltchlt*.  prealdpnt,
' *I«-_th Ave. E.i Geo. Ilnrrl-ion, See.
. Trcon.l     \V.   .1.   Scribbcnn,   t*.tlnc«B
agent.     Meet   1st   and   3rd   Frldaya
' Blhi   Haatinga   SI.   E.	
: MUSICIAN'   MUTUAL   PROTECTIVE
UNION, Local 145, A. F. ot M. —
' Meeta In G.W.V.A. Hall, Seymour and
. Vcadcr   Streeta,   aecond   Sunday  nt
H a.m.   Preaident, E. C. Miller, *B1
Velaon    Streetl    aeeretary,    E.    A.
JaanlcNon, 091 Nelaon Streetl Inanclal
aeeretary, W. E. Willinm*,, 001 Nelson   Streetl   orgonlaer,  F.  Fletcher,
Wl Nelaon Street.	
. «BS FEDERATED SEAFARERS'
UNION OF CANADA—Headquarter* at Rooma B, 0 and 7, Flack
Bonding, 163 Haatinga SIreet W.,
Toncouver, B.C. Tel. Bey. 3SS8.
Pruldent, Robert Thorn| Vloe-Prral-
lent, David Glllcaplei See-y-Treaa-
aror, Wm. Donaldaon. Victoria
Braneh, Room 11, Green Block,
Street, Victoria, B.C.    Phono
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, No. 226
—Preaident, C. 9. Cnmpbelll vlce-
arealdcnt, R. Goutbroi aeeretary-
teeaaorer, R. II. Ncelaoda, P.O, Box
OS. Meeta laat Snnday of eaeh
month nt a p.m. In Holden Bldg., 10
Haatinga   St.  E. 	
PRINCE RUPERT TYPOGRAPHIC-
AL UNION, No. 413—Preaident, 8.
B. Maedonald i aecretary-treaaurer,
J. M. Campbell, P.O, Box 08*. Meeta
laat Thuraday of each month.
"Save The Forests" Week
UCAVE the forests" is once again on the logging operators'
smoke screen agenda, and once again the trumpet-
tongued press agents of the lumber corporations are bending
to their task of distracting attention from those responsible
for burning the forests, and casting the onus upon those who
seldom see a forest except at a distance of several miles.
In a recent issue of the daily press we were informed that
in fifty years sixty per cent, of the standing timber in British
Columbia has gone up in smoke, while but five per cent, has
been marketed. Because of this we are exhorted to spare no
effort to "save our forests from destruction."
No person, other than either those who profit by so doing,
or those afflicted with a penchant for vandalism, would jeopardize the forests. The latter are usually confined in lunatic
asylums, but the former, who are the real incendiaries, are
held up to public gaze as living models of how hard work and
rigorous frugalty can amass a fortune.
Every timber claim that has been logged off in B. C. during the past fifteen years is a veritable fire trap. The ground
U covered to a depth of several feet with dead brush and
smashed timber, arid in summer this becomes as dry as tinder,
requiring only a spark to start a blaze. Almost invariably this
spark is supplied by a nearby logging donkey, and in a few
minutes the forest is a seething mass of flame.
If those who cry so loud to save the forests would direct
their energies towards compelling the lumber companies to
clear the ground of all slashing, there would be no need for
annual "save ths forest" weeks. But this is not likely to take
place so long as it remains cheaper for the logging operators
to burn the forests than to take adequate fire precautions. If
the profit basis of forest fires was destroyed these conflagrations would soon disappear.
THE  CANADIAN
labor Ibbocate
With   Which   U  Incorporated
■■■    BRITISH     COLUMBIA     FEDERATION I ST
rVBLISHED   ISVKHY   THURSDAY
By the  Lnbor  rub lulling  Co,
Imlnfii  and   Editorial   Offlco
■tt Holden Bldg., 10 Hub Unit a St. IS.
•Ao Canndinn Labor Advocate In a
non-met tonal weekly newipaper,
glwtug newa off the lamer-labor
OMvement In action*
•abocrlptlon Itateat United Statea
and foreign. *24H) per year) Canndn, »2 per year, fl for alx mon th«|
to nnlona anbaerlblnn la ' a  bo*iy,
Mc per member por month.
■ember of Tho Federated Preaa nnd
Thr  Brltlak  Labor  Preaa
The Forty-Eight Hour Week
•THE latest group to attack the limitation of working hours is
• the Pharmaceutical Association of B. C, who are afraid
that a recent decision of the Minimum Wage Board may result
in preventing drug store clerks from working more than eight
hours per day, seven days per week. The Association intends
making every effort "to obtain some modification of the Act
pertaining to hours."
Most persons would think that e'ght hours per day, seven
days per week, would satisfy even the most avaricious employer, biit apparently drug store owners in Vancouver have as
great a predilection for long hours as have the imperialist
exploiters in Asiatic countries. The drug store clerks are tied
to their counters all day long, and have no opportunity to enjoy
the fresh air and sunshine, but apparently this fact is not considered, and if the Board sanctions it, and the employees will
stand for it, they will have to work all night as well.
What pressure th« store owners may be able to exert upon
the powers that be is somewhat problematical, but they are
organized and trying, and the clerks would be well advised
if they desire to have their side of the question considered, to
also organize into a union, and raise their voice in protest. If
they fail to do so they are liable to get but scant consideration.
ONE hundred and two years ago
the British Trade Union movement, banned by law, consisted ot
a mere handful of courageous workers, meeting clandestinely In some
unfrequented corner. Today it embraces almost five million members,
anil is challenging the authority ot
what Is probably the most powerful ruling group In the world. One
hundred years ago a BrltiBh Labor
organizer was as certain of being
transported to a penal settlement
as an American textile picket Is of
helng beat up by an armed thug,
but today when a union organizer
speaks thrones rattle, and cabinet
ministers hasten to stave off impending disaster.
But few workers in this country
appreciate tlte influence wielded by
British Labor, and fewer still
understand or are in sympathy with
its objective. That a need for this
knowledge exists in Canada few
real students of tbe Labor movement will deny, because Canada is
yoked to Britain by imperial ties,
and ln a few weeks the workers of
Britain will face one of the most
momentous .periods ln their history, and may be driven into fighting for their very existence.
Nine months ago the British
Trade Union Congress forced the
government to subsidize Britain's
basic industry in ordor to prevent
the Industrial life of the country
from being paralyzed hy a strike.
The subsidy was a nine months
truce, and since then both sides
have been preparing for tbe coming conflict. The miners say: "Not
a ton of coal shall be moved"; and
the capitalists have replied hy organizing their fascisti, tbelr Crusaders, their Organization for the
Maintenance of Supplies, as well
as several other bodies.
The Trade Union Congress, which
is the chief-of-staff of the British
Labor movement, met at Scarborough shortly after the government
had yielded to Ihe miners' demands. Scott Nearing attended that
Congress, representing the Federated Press and, since his return to
America, has published a booklet
describing Its work, and quoting
verbatim the opening speech of the
president.
.; The opening address deals with
the activities of the Congress during the past year, its recommendations for the future, its attitude towards lmmerlalism and trade union unity and its determination to
shake off the shackles of capitalism.
An idea of how British Labor Is
swinging towards the left may be
gathered from the following closing words of the president's address: "ThoBe who believe that a
new order of society ls inevitable
. . . . cannot do other than rejoice that at last there are clear
Indications of a world movement
rising in revolt and determined to
shake off the shackles of wage slavery. Just a" our people have passed out of slavedom Into serfdom,
and out of serfdom into wagedom,
so will they finally pass out of
wagedom Into freedom ... It
is the duty ot all members of the
working class to so solidify their
movements that, come when the
time may for the last final struggle, we shall be wanting ln neither
machinery nor men, to move forward to the destruction of wage
slavery, and the construction of a
system of society based upon coordinated effort, and world-wide
mutual good wJll and understanding." Labor ln Canada could w* .1
take a lesson from this.
A synoptic review of the resolutions and speeches on trade union
unity and imperialism is given by
Nearing, in short, crisp paragraphs. Pealing with the latter
Harry Pollitt, boilermakers' delegate, recently incarcerated for two
years on a charge of inciting British soldiers to mutiny, said: "It
is not a Wembly Umpire we are
talking about, but an empire every
yard of which ls drenched with the
blood of natives or of British soldiers."  ■
On -May 1st the coal mining truce
expires, and an understanding of
this momentous question can be
gathered from Nearlng's description of how this question was dealt
with hy the Congress, and of how
the situation has been aggravated
through the Dawes Plan, which the
McDonald government helped to put
across.
This booklet, "British Labor Bids
for Power," lacks one thing to complete the picture. Shortly after
the Trade Union Congress at Scarborough the British Labor Part'-
met at Liverpool. Its tone had
none of the militancy evidenced hy
Congress, showing that it is departing idiologically from the trade
union rock It is based on. Tlie
workers organized in the trade
union movement, driven by thc Inexorable logic of economic circumstances, have but few words to
waste on "empire problems," aud
are proceeding to attack the citadel
of capitalism. Their problem is not
one of empire but ot bread.
As Nearing points out, there Is a
lesson to lie learned from this
Congress, by those wbo think
"British Labor is pursuing an evolutionary policy." as it evidenced by
the statement of A. A. Purcell, who
said: "Tlie land is ours by right.
Once wc possessed it. They took
It from us. Tiie Industries are ours
hy right. Wo created them by our
ten little lingers. And wc propose
to take them hack. As for paying
for them we shall take them lirst
and argue about payment afterwards. Wc believe our argument
wlll be stronger if we hold the
means of subsistence in our hands."
There are many valuable lessons
for Canadian workers In this booklet.—J. M. C.
("BRITISH LABOR BIDS FOR
POWER," By Scott Nearing;
! Social Science Publishers, New
York City. Price 15 cents. On
sale by the Canadian Labor Advocate).
Australian Rulers
Rely On Fascists
Bj  YY. FANCIS AHEBN
MELBOURNE!—(FP)—Fascism is
steadily gaining headway in Australia. According to statements by
its chief organizer, Capt., Hatcher,
Its members are all supporters ot
the federal government, while the
organization Is receiving assistance
from the big business elements behind the government. Hatcher ls
a government employee.
A manifesto recently Issued by
Hatcher set out that the fascista
are a semi-military body, and Intend to line up on the side of the
governmont against "extremists and
agitators." That the fascists are
in leaguo with the government is
made clear ln an article by William
Davles, a British newspaper owner,
who recently visited Australia,
Davles said that while ln Melbourne
last October a staunch supporter of
the anti-Labor prime minister told
him to go right ahead with his anti-
Labor legislation and that lf the
prime minister wanted any help
against the unionB he would have
the assistance ef "a large civilian
volunteer force."
Another Wai
By WATCHFUL i
TJAVE the Powers not yetl
**•*- their fill of war? Are the]
yet sufficiently nauseated will
reek of blood? Do they stllifl
to gaze on the fair earth tl
into a field of carnage?        1
Comrades, they are not y
ated. They desire more
power which was at the boi
the last slaughter, and wll
it even although lt be ov
wrecked bodies of the
They have Indeed forgotten t
ful misery brought to count!,
lions as a result of the lai
fest. Power! Powed!! P
is their cry.
Comrades, will you give y
pressors that power which
much desire? It rests entlr,
you. It is the workers whi
and manufacture the inst
of destruction.
Workers of ail nations la
your tools. It ls your sk
makes the battleship possi
Is the craft of your hands a
brains that builds the subi
torpedoes, poison gas, ai
bombs, aerial torpedoes and
other paraphernalia of war.
wait until the conflict Is
when It ls too late to tui
Quit now!
In The Dally Provinco
5th  we  read the followlnj
lines:     "1926  Naval' Progr
''Revolutionize     Stab.     Wil
"New    Deadly    Air    Torpe
Britain";    Big    Naval    Ex
Underway  in   Italy,"  and
same paper that one hundt
ten Bishops of the Episcopal
protest the ratification of th
anne Treaty with Turkey
the  latter ls an  "avowedlj
pentant and anl-Chrlstian
ment."   These are the Blsl
that Christ whose cruolflxl
just    been    commemorated
taught   "Little   children
another  as   I   love   you."
crltes!
Comrades, do you think
these direful preparations
Ing made in your interest!
on your life!    You will be
in the game of war, Just as
ways have been in the pas
moans will cry out amid
fernal din.    Your life blot
Blowly ooze out through
tunic to  moisten the  soil
flesh will be eaten by ra
the shells have obliterated
of humanity.   Your carcass
ude an abominable stench,
the   war   comes   and   the'
sounds, remember how th
era have been treated In
If you  want to pass out
world in a million slimy f
go to war by all means, hi
lug what do you expect tj
A country's undying gratlt'
tin plate medal?  A shatterl
and gas burned lungs? Let
Italist, ln his desire for
do hla own dirty work,
at home and mind your o
lo
Workers, let us make a|
vow:    Never again shall
a comrade's blood ln the]
of capitalism and Imperial]
August Thyssen of Germ
Just died,   and   left  a  fo]
$100,000,000.    He didn't
trenches in the last whr.l
didn't flght for lt.   If one |
million   dollars   can   be
SCOTT NEABING LATEST rttll01It the owner „rlng , ,
BOOKS NOW 0».SALE should your fifty dollars
—- overseas.      Workers,    usl
tpiIE following are some that have brains.   Attend to the thini
Just come off the press and are are your affairs, but do n|
available  for our  readers  at the about things  which  do  t
prices quoted.   Send in your order cern you.
to the Canadian Labor  Advocate,  ■— -1—
wit* your 'omittance. A If APPKOPBIAtfE jTOli
British Labor Bids for Power ..15c <****> last   been   found   fori
Stopping a War. 15c royalty.   . Press    dispatch!
Russia  Turns  Bast ...16c that on Holy Thursday th J
World  Labor  Unity 15c Spain washed the feet ol
Education In Soviet Russia _ 60c men, and  the   queen  thf
Glimpses of the Soviet Republic 15c thirteen women.   Here's 1
Oil and the Germs of War  15c feet had not had a bath f J
In 1913 the quantity ot British
coal exported to Ru__la was 5,988,-
434 tons. The corresponding figure
for 1924 was 37,650 tons.
British admiralty returl
that today there are 271
and commodores employe]
and 21 afloat.   *"*•", Thursday, April 15th, 1928.
I,
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
=*F
Page Thre
Classified Ads.
BATHS
The Week at Ottawa
I
Australian Premier
Told he is a Liar
by Fascist Leader
ToflowiigikOlpi
VANCOUVER  TURKISH   BATHS,
Pacific Bldg., 744 Hastings St. W.
MB_tK—t——MW——
„_,.,   ';*'*.                                  . MELBOURNE, Australia—(PP)—
jsiCYCirs                     I                             "> scheme has     "This booklet also shows that the i„   the Australian  federal  parlla-
HASKINS B ELLIOTT   800 P«nd_,        "°W "een ttt"'ly **" "U8CU880<1- ",tal  customs  dutie8  c°ll8c">d  *>* ment,   the   prime   minister   (Mr.
HAc.Kli;S %£LH?IF__.'". S_t whil° "»> opposition seemed crltl- this government from the manufac- Bruce)   was   attacked   by   Labor
C»    W      Th»  liner  m-ilme n( hit*v-l <<      "        "*'*          "        —™ *"      •""■'^      ~na     nitauiMiu      uy      wmur
on cuv termi. caI on PrinciI)!e there dld not aP" turerH of lmrts oC  aH  kinds  ,w" members for attacking trade unlon-
on easy terms,
 BOOTS  <L0UUlNGj~         mt   "">'   **■•*****'>«*■    ****•*■   *-™° MS-OOO.nOO, so that If that were de- |8m and refuelng to Interfere with
H. HARVEY, 58 Cordova St. W«t.  w0,"rt  '"> ",,ythlnB "Ke BoM op" <1,,ct0<1 (vom the (■■WWO.OOO, which the Fascist organization.   Bruce re-
 __   position from nny one group.   In- I have shown to be the extra cost, piied that he had no official knowl-
'pmpirp rAFP   7_ H_«i_*,.  .,   F   "°e"   _'  aUonge3tl mw°n  came we would 8|1" haTe ***'" "PP™* edge ot the Fascisti In Australia, or
EMPIRE CAFE, 76 Hastings St. E.  frnm the Conservative side, natur- mately   J200.000.000   which   It   has what they stood for.  Next day Can-
UflBOPRACTOB                ally   enough   from   some   medical cost us to establish this Industry." tain   Hatcher,   commander  of   the
DR. D. A. McMILLAN, Palmer Grad-  men,  who, ln their close contact Mr. Coatc points out that of the Australian Fascisti   stated In the
__'.'  H.s°n» ds!1rLta"wS«enico,!'  ?'"".'.* T" ~u   T" !°, ™1' <""""11 ***** '" ""' mmry' 8° 1>ub110 »re8s: "J am »8'»-'»"«-l ****
63J   Haitingi   »   wm»  ize their needs.   The (Inanclal men per cent. Is snld to be owned out- the   prime   minister   should   deny
opposed on tbe ground that such side Cannda-practlcally all in the knowledge of our organization   be-
legislation would destroy thrift and U. S.    And what of the flnanclal cause I myself made him acquatnt-
Granville Street.   Phone Sey. 6954.
DENTIST     O^	
lhDRBldY' J' CURRY' 301 Dominio"  menu an extra burden of taxation, condition of the Industry?   Let the ed with it."   Hatcher also said that
                     * .    *      ' Financial   Post  of February  12th, it will well known that the Fascisti
In answer to n question of mine, HM. state thc facts:                        Intended to stand behind Bruce ln
•*■•<•*■   Information  wns given  thnt Cnna- "The   Ford   Motor   Company  of  his  campaign  against   "extremists
 dlan troops wero sont to Siberia by Cannda wns incorporated In Ontario  and agitators."
authority of nn oriler-ln-counell of in  1904, nnd re-Incorporated  with .	
TD.. 48  August   12.   IMS.    The   expedition a Dominion chnrter In 1911.   It hns
cost tho Cnnndinn government ?2,- the   exclusive   manufacturing   aiid
823,900.00.   The cost of nil supplies, soiling rights on the Ford autorno-
nmmunitlon, elc. (except the Initial bile, the Ford  truck and Fordson
Issue  of  personnl   equipment  and   tractor throughout the British Em- 	
ROME—Another step In tho pro-
nel)   wns  borno  by  the .Imperial Britain  and  Irelnnd.    Its  Held of cess of yoking the workors of Italy
Bldg. 	
DRUGS
RED STAR   DRUG   STORE,
Cordova and Carrall.
FLORISTS
1 BROWN BROS. 8 CO.
Hastings St. E.
GLASS
dazing,  Silvering,  Bevelling
|\VESTERN GLASS CO. LTD., 158 _____________________________
Cordova St. W., few doors west of <**0**'*-*g ("*' the Canadian person-  plre,  with tlie  exception of Great
Woodward's.    Sey. 8687.    Whole*       "      " '      "'-   * '-'   " ' '   ■■■-■--•■     ■*-   —•*■   --
Italian Labor Tied
To Class Concord
iale and retail window glass.
government, which assumed respon- activities    Includes    Canada,    New  to the chariot ot Fascism was ac-
' sibillty for same upon shipment from  Zealand,  Australia,   India,  British   complished    here    recently,    when
Vancouver, nnd nny balance remain-  South Africa and so on.   Originally  Mussolini decided to reorganize the
HOSPITAL
BETTER BE SAFE THAN SORRY     ,,„,,,      m,	
—Grandview    Hospital — Medical,  0l1  ■"  "•*"  ■■"•■'••■•    The  Imperinl  in   consideration   of  $08,500   stock Itniinn Senate on the basis of equal
surgical, maternity.    1090 Victoria government nlso pnid nil transport-  given   to  the  Ford  company  they representation    from    the    Fascist
Drive.    High. 137.                         ntion charges from port of embark- agreed to extend to thc Canadian unions,  which  he  has established,
ntlnn lo Siberia nnd return.    The compnny thc prlvllot*' of using all and  from  the employers,  for  the
HEN'S FDRNISHUIUS      _^^^__^_^__^^_____^______,^_^^^^___^__^^_
B   BRUMMITT, 18-20 Cordova  W •"■'• allowances of the Cnnadlan   Iho   devices  and   Improvements  of purpose of "bringing about progress
Street.
MEN'S SUITS
|C. D. BRUCE.   LTD..   Homer   and
Hastingi Streets.
V. Ts. BRUMMITT, 18-20 Cordova
Street.
personnel wore borne by Cnnatla. the Amorican company's car with- in   nuginentntion   of  the   material
The questions still remain: Why out further cost.   The capital stock, and moral power of the nation," as
should Cnnndn send troops ngninst which amounted to $125,000 ln 1905 the dictator expressed it.
our Intc ally without n declaration —half of which went to the Detroit ,-fhe reorganized  Senate will  be
of   wnr?    Why   should   Canadians compnny—has,  hy the  distribution (nVj,ieli   int0   two   groups:     Those
been
nppointed for life from persons un-
conscrlpted for war In France nnd of bonuses  to  shareholders,
Belgium be forced nt the point of Increased to J7.000.000." qualified   for   membership   In   the
tlie bayonet (I havo Ihe stotement Mr. Conte commented: Fascist unions, and those appointed
from cyewlliiossos) to go to Siberia "i wnnt the House to note that  for specific terms on recommenda-
ottt of earnings, with the exception  serve for nine years and must be
of the first $125,000." over forty years of nge.
MUSIC
VIOLINS REPAIRED. Bows Repaired.      Columbia    records,    needles.   , , ,  H __    ^-*......—-----****»**™m***************™*»«**«***™**«*********************************..............................._	
Gramophones    repaired.      Bagpipe  lo nsaiat tn0 ennntor-rovolutlonary nil of this capitnl stock has come tion of the unions.   The latter wlll
reeds and supplies.    Will Edmunds  forces? *^^^^^^^^mm, _________MMM____
Music Store, 965 Robson St. Sey. .      .      .
2994,
      In discussing his motion for a re-
OPTICIAN duetion of tho customs  t'tirllf on
fPITMAN  OPTICAL   HOUSE,   615  automobiles anil motor trucks, Mr.
Hastingi West. Q   0   0__t_   ...  MB_le0(1  „m 0_
PAINT AJ(B 8.PLY PANELS       Hansard"   some   very   Interesting
I GREGORY 8 REID,   117    Hastings statements thnt ought to bc given
Street East.
Labor Union In Russia
tobaccos     *r: rar s z. ^*■*■^ --"™ < *-. - ™ m
'MAINLAND  CIGAR  STORE,   310 clolly in the west; wns not a lux- IV I"?-0 the last three years, ow- Provincial   Branches   on   July  1st,
ury, but a necessity.   It should then *^ lnS to the rapid economic de- 1925,   amounted  to  18,193,703  rou-
be brought within the reach of all. velopment of the country, the trade hies,   of  which   10,191,557   roubles
But ns matters stand, the common "nlon   membership  has  been  con- constituted  special   funds   (educa-
people pny nn enormous tribute to stoutly growing.    According to the tlonal,  strike  funds,  etcf.)       The
ntntlstic.nl Information of the U. i S. assets   of   the   Provincial   Trades
Carrall Street.
AUTOMOBILES
We have Some Oood Buys In
GUARANTEED USED CABS
Cash Payment As Low as t_5
PATTISON MOTORS Ltd.
Phone Sey. 7405   HUS Gran. St
the manufacturers.    Let me quote:
"Looking over a booklet recently issued by tbe automotive industries of Canada,  I find
- Stay at the -
Hotel Stratford
The Place Called Home
Center GOBE AVE. and
KEEFER STREET
Phoie Ser. 6131
P. OIOVANDO,  JOHN THA
200 Elegantly Furnished
Rooms.
60 Rooms  with Private Bath
Moderate Prices
FIRST-CLASS SERVICE
sold in Canada 793,519 cars. The
wholesale value of these cars ls
$699,237,511. To get the retail value of these cars, we must add to
S.   R.   Central   Council   of   Trade Councils, 4,159,828 roubles.
 __    Unions,   trade   union   membership if one remembers that the con-
,„„ „. .,„..   that from  was aB '°!*ows:   On April 1st. 1924, tributions   to   Die   various   special
1904  they have  manufactured and  B*822*682; on April 1st, 1925-6, 950,- funds are listed under the head of
484,    ond   on   October   1st,   1925, expenditure, It becomes evident how
7,846,789.    During  the   18   months strong  the  position  of our trade
the trade union membership has in- union movement Is
 _ - or""i1bjr  2'02*'107   or 34'8  per Although   our   savings   are   not
that amount one-third, which would cent- The *?rowlh ot 8e-1,,rate *"*<-* very large, altogether a little over
bring the total retail value of these unlons wa9 even Breater than tnl8 28,000,000 roubles (the sum ls con-
cars to $932,316,618, or an average overage figure. For instance, the s*.leI.ably largel. ,*, one inciudes the
value, without excise and sales tax, Unl°" ot Ll""1 a1"1 Por-"" Workers organl,aUoM not reporte(1 ,*-„,_ lt
of $1,174. The total extra cost- has Brown ••l,r"«- "«■» "me (in mu8t not be forgotten that scarcely
I am assuming here that these cars rom" n«urcs> tmm 297*00,> '° '8°.- two years have passed since the
were sold to tho Canadian public 00°* the Builders' Union from 211,- establlBhment o( stable mnmcy,
nt nn advance of 35 per cent, over M0 t0 5'6.000, etc. __h„_ durlng the ta9lltIon perlo(1
tho American price—the total extra On April 1st, 1925, 89.3 per cent. any saving wnB entlroly out of the
cost of these cars to the consumers of the total number of people work- question.
of Canada was »242,000,000.    That Ing by hire were organized in trade .    Imnortant Industries
means an average Increased  price unions.    The considerable percent- Towages  oRussln  wot rs
to the consumer of these cars ln age ot unorganized workers Is ex- llle  wnges  ot Ru881an  v"-™™
Pass this copy on to your shop- Canada of (305 per cor.   This price plained mainly by the influx ot new JJ*™ g "^ Iu,t feV yLi'Tcord*
|mate and get him to subscribe to ,|0CB  n(,t  take  into nccount   Miles workers,   who  for  the   most   part
Ithe Advocate,
tax and excise tax.
SICKNESS THE RESULT OF DEFECTIVE TEETH
DR. W. J. CURRY, DENTIST
OFFICE I 101 DOKINION  BUILDING
Phone Sej. HM (or Appointment
DOCTORS are now recognizing the relationship between diseased teeth and bad health.
Overy week or two some physician sends me a patient to
have hla teeth attended to. and in the majority of cases tho doctor's suspicions are confirmed, and the health Improves when the
Dental needa have been supplied.
This Is natural; good blood depends on good digeation, and
this In turn depends on mastication.
DR. OURRY combines Long Experience with most Up-to.
date Methods.
Insist On Our Label
VANCOUVER
CREAMERY
BUTTER
Guaranteed Finest Quality
ing lnbor stntistics, the avorage
monthly wngo of workers in largo
Industries in U. S. S. R. In 1923-24
economic year (the economic year
begins In October) amounted to
07.2 per cent, of pre-war wages; In
1924-25, to 82.5 per cent., and In the
last quarter of that year (July-
September, 1925), to 96.9 por cent.
come from the villages and are employed In Industry for tho flrat
time. The trade unions are at present occupied In drawing these new
clnsses of workers Into the unions,
which no doubt wlll reduce the percentage of unorganized lalior.
Fliinnclnl Condition
The latest statistical data show ofthe pre.war level( wWle ,„ th08e
that the financial conditions of the bl.anchcs of in(lu8try ,„ wh*ch the
Trade Unions ln U.S.S.R. hns be- wageg we„ lowB_t be,ore the war
come much stronger. theJf  ._.   now  considerably  ^oye
The Income of the Central Ex- the pre-war level:    In the textile
ecutive   Committees of  the  Trade  Industry,  121.9   per  cent1.;   ln the
Unions   during   the   flrst   half   of chemical Industry, 120.3 per cent.;
1924 amounted to 2,698,118 roubles |n the leather industry, 121.9 per
"t and during the Ilrst half of 1925, cent., etc.
to 4,449,392 roubles  an increase of T|). „.,„, Wfltafi
6 .5 per cent.   The total assets (In-     The Cent__. -,_.._„„. Comm|ttce
eluding the various special funds) ^M Workers' Union signed
of the Central Committees on July ment  __,„,   _.„.
1st, 1925, amounted to 6,312,294. . „t „„„ „„,,,„„,,,_
cession  company  "Lena-Goldnelds,
The   Income   of   65   Provincial Lt(; •<
Trade Council (there aro 72 alto- Th_    coll_ctlve   igtmmmt   wn8
gether)   for the first half of 1925 m_(le .„ <„. ..„„,_ prol)osed „„ ,„,
amounted to 2,070,047 roubles and Un|o        __„„     few     ,n„,g„mcant
the expenditure, 1,888,776 roubles. clmPKeB
The Income   of 1,079  Provincial The wages nt tho flrst category
Branches  and  District Committees wero  j-alsoil  12.2  per cent.      The
of  the  Unions   (approximately   81 piecework   and   hourly   rates   for
per cent, of the total number) for those working 8 hours have been
the same period amounted to 20,- increased 17.3 per cent, for those
901,997 roubles end the expenditure, working 7 hours, 14.7 per cent, and
20,313,310 roubles. for   ti10se   working  6  hours,   lp.2
The total assets (cash and prop- per cont.
erty, not counting buildings) of the (Continued on page Four)
By J. S. Woodsworth, M.P.
Continuation of a pamphlet, written by J. S. Woodsworth, Labor
M.P. for Winnipeg Norlh Centre, which the LABOR ADVOCATE it
publishing at a stria btfore issuing it in pamphlet form.
WHY I RESIGNED FROM THE CHRISTIAN MINISTRY
"In the meantime another factor makes my position increasingly difficult. The war has gone on now
for four years. As far back as 1906, I had been led
to realize something of the horror and futility 'and
wickedness of war. When the proposals were being
made for Canada to assist in the naval defence of the
Empire, I spoke and wrote against such a policy. Since
the sudden outbreak of the war there has been little
opportunity to protest against our nation and empire
participating in the war. However, as the war progressed, I have protested against the curtailment of
our liberties which is going on under the pressure of
military necessity and the passion of war.
"According to my understanding of economics
and sociology, the war is the inevitable outcome of the
existing social organization with its undemocratic
forms of government and competitive system of industry. For me, it is ignorance, or a closed mind, or
camouflage, or hypocrisy, to solemnly assert that a
murder in Servia or the invasion of Belgium or the glaring injustices and horrible outrages are the cause of the
war.
"Nor, through the war do I see any way out of
our difficulties. The devil of militarism cannot be driven out by the power of militarism without the successful nations themselves becoming militarized. Permanent peace can only come through the development of
good-will. There is no redemptive power in physical
force.
"This brings me to the Christian point of view.
For me, the teachings and spirit of Jesus are absolutely irreconciliable with the advocacy of war. Christianity may be an impossible idealism, but so long as I
hold it, ever so unworthily, I must refuse, as far as
maybe, to participate in or to influence others to participate in war. When the policy of the State—whether
that State be nominally Christian or r^t—conflicts
with my conception of right and wrong, then I must
obey God rather than man. As a minister I must proclaim tb3 truth as it is revealed to me. I am not a pro-
German; I am not, I think, lacking in patriotism; I
trust that I am not a "slacker," or a coward. I had
thought that as a Christian minister I was a messenger of the Prince of Peace.
"The vast majority of the ministers and other
church leaders seem to see things in an altogether different way. The churches have been turned into very
effective recruiting agencies. A minister's success
appears to be judged by the number of recruits in his
church rather than by the number of converts. The position of the church seems to be summed up in the
words of a General Conference Officer:—"We must
win the war, nothing else matters," There is little
dependence on spiritual forces. The so-called Prussian
morality that might makes right, and that the end
justifies the means, is preached in its application if not
in theory. "Military necessity" is considered to cover
a multitude of sins. Relations specifically repudiated
by Jesus, is advocated. Private murder, under certain conditions, is lauded. Pacifism is denounced as
a vice.     Love is tempered by hatred.
"Holding the convictions I do, what is my duty
under such circumstances? The Christian Guardian,
presumably voicing the thought of the church, discusses the case in its issue of May 1st:
" 'And if he be a preacher, we presume he may feel
that it is cowardly to keep silence, and that truth demands that he testify to what he believes to be the
truth. Consistency demands that we recognize this
fact.'
" 'But in time of war the state has something at
stake, and it rightly refuses to allow a peace propaganda to be carried on in its midst. Not only so, but
the church has a duty in the matter, and that is to
prevent unpatriotic speeches in her pulpits. And if
the minister who is a confirmed pacifist has a right to
see that he does not use her pulpits nor her authority
to damage or defeat the efforts of patriots who are trying to win a righteous war. In every such case the
country and the church have a right to insist not only
on the absence of seditious or disloyal speech and action, but also on truest patriotic utterances and if a
man cannot conscientiously declare himself a potriot he
has no business in any such church which prides itself
upon its patriotism.'
"Apparently the church feels that I do not belong
and reluctantly I have been forced to the same conclusion. This decision means a crisis in my life. My
associations, my education, my friends, my work, my
ambitions have all been connected with the church.
After twenty-two years it is hard to go out, not knowing whither I go. In taking this step, I have no sense
of disloyalty to the memory of my honored father or
the upbringing of my widowed mother. On the other
hand, I have a growing sense of fellowship with the
(Continued on page Four) Page Four
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Thursday, April 15t_t, 1
With the Marine Workers
Conducted  by  W.   H.   DONALDSON,   Secretary  Federated   Seafarers  of
Canada
SLAVE TRADE   ,
STILL EXISTS
Notes From the Camps
Conducted by J. M. CLARKE, Secretary L.W.I.U. of Canada
THE committee appointed to take
up collections on behalf of Wtoi.
Hayes, fireman, employed for some
time by the c.G.MJI. Ltd., who met
with an acccident aboard the S.S.
Canadian Rover some time ago, aa
a result of which he lost his eyesight, report that up to Monday,
April 12th, they have met with considerable support in the matter of
oash and material. The business
men ot the city when approached
were only too glad to help. Merchants who subscribed clothing,
etc., are: Wm, Dick, Ltd.; D.
Spencer, Ltd.; C. Claman's Ltdj;
J. N. Harvey, Ltd.; Woodworks
Ltd.; the Sailors' Home, 500 Alexander St.; Broadway Hotel; Empire Hotel Astoria Beer Parlor
and Wilson's Shoe Store.
At last meeting of the organization the secretary was instructed
to get ln touch with the C. P. R.
Coastal Service regarding certain
changes for the benefit of seamen
employed on the dally runs on the
Coast.
A resolution was endorsed asking that the Consolidated Whaling
Co, supply pillows as well as
blankets on their vessels which will
be leaving for the whaling grounds
next month. *
Through recent negotiations with
the Marine Engineers' Association
and the Canadian Merchants' Service Guild, both organizations have
agreed to meet a committee to deal
with certain proposals made by the
Federated Seafarers' Union. These
proposals were mailed to the respective organizations recently.
The auditing committee appointed at the meeting consists of Bros.
M. J. Craddock, J. McEwen and D,
Borland. The committee will hare
their report ready for the meeting
on Friday, April 16th.
Letters have been received from
memberB of the organizations hearing the postmarks of Belgium,
South Africa and several U. S.
pointB. The writers all wish the
union an early success, and were
glad to hear of the amalgamation
of the National Sailors' and Firemen's Union with the Federated
Seafarers' Union of Canada.
Firemen employed on vessels ot
the Union Steamship Co. of B. C.
are enrolling fairly good, with one
or two exceptions, who do not seem
to realize that they are preventing
other Beamen from Improving their
condition.
Hospital Notes
Oeorge  Wlattou   is   still   at   the
Oeneral Hospital, and may have to
undergo another operation soon.
George ls having a hard time but
is cheerful. Brothers S. J. Bye and
Archie Bell have been discharged
aB fit from St. Paul's. Several seamen are inmates ot the hospital on
Burrard Street.
Mull List
Atchison T„ Bell A„ Beckett,
Crocker L. R„ Coll J., Dryden J. A.,
Echo F., Farqhar D., Fleming R. J.,
Fraser J., pale T., Qallacher P.,
Oallacher Wm., Hannah W. T.,
Hedin W*. Hamlll B„ McLaren Wm.,
Mcintosh N„ McQueen J., McLean
L., McCann J., Millar H„ Maddl-
gan M*. Munro W*. Mahoney J.,
Manvin D., Pugh A., Rhodes H„
Starr J., Stephens C, Tarratt C. W„
Worrall W.
Woollen Mill Spies
Get Instructions
PASSAIC—(FP)—More proof that
the Passaic council ot wool manufacturers and ItB wool council employment bureau hire Industrial
spies to operate among the woollen
workers, who are now on strike,
has been tound by Robert W. Dunn,
co-author with Sidney Howard; ot
The Labor Spy. An exact copIeB
of instructions given labor .iples in
Passaic mills has been obtained by
Dunn. !"State whether employees
work steadily through the day. If
not, give the particulars. If they
prepare to leave the department
before the whistle blows, give the
facts. If there Is Ul feeling among
the employees toward the company,
state why. Olves the names, machine numbers or check numbers
and the reasons why they are dissatisfied," the rules state.
Passaic woollen mill spies are
told that "Americanization," when
brewed down, Is nothing more than
the ability to speak some English
and use common, ordinary everyday
horse sense. When a fellow worker
spouts a lot of silly propaganda,
you should put up a sensible argument based on facts that will make
a monkey of the would-be trouble
maker.
"If there are any employees In
your department who are cranks or
agitators on the labor question,
Bolshevism, socialism, or any other
Ism, write up what they have to
say, mention their grievances and
give details so that we will know
as much about lt as you do," reads
the spy sheet.
CENTRES IN AFRICA AND
ASIA MINOR
LONDON—Sir Frederick Lugard,
chairman ot the commission of
experts appointed by the League of
Nations two years ago to formulate
an international convention for the
wiping out of slawery, and a former British governor of Nigeria, reported that the Investigators have
discovered that a considerable
traffic In slaves still is being carried on in various parts of the
world. h
This trade centres principally ln
Africa and Asia Minor. "The traffic in alaves from Africa to Arabia,
chiefly from Abyssinia, is very considerable," he finds. There Is also
a regular business in the sale of
"attendants," carried on by pilgrims from Nigeria and other parts
of Moslem Africa to Mecca and of
girls from Java to Malaysia. It Is
estimated that in this district alone
about 30,000 human beings are annually sold Into slavery.
Nearly nil the wretched victims
who aro shipped across tho Red
Sea Into Arabia come from Southern Abyssinia, where eyewitnesses
have reported that whole areas are
telng practically denuded of Inhabitants by the depredations of the
slave-traders who carry on tlieir
evil traffic without visible let or
hindrance, in spite of the numerous
proclamations of the Ethiopian
authorities. The slaves are taken
In droves to the sea coast; the port
of Tnjura has achieved unenviable
notoriety in this connection.
In certain  sections  of  Morocco,
notably among the Senussl tribesmen who dwell In the Libyan desert,  the trade   Is  also  conducted.
Two American  investigators, Ross
and Cramer, have reported horrible  CAGAM-'RE> Pa
conditions prevailing in Angola, the  "   Presbyterian
Portuguese    possession    in     East more,
Africa.
In the Rangoon district ot Bjir*
CRAWFORII'S CAMP,
QUATSINO SOUND
CRAWFORD and Fife is running
two camps, one cordwood and
the other logs. There are 30 men
working ln the cordwood camp, all
on piecework, and getting $5 per
cord nt present, but this wlll be cut
to $3.50 as soon as the sap starts
to run, and the logs bark easily.
No organization here nt all. Board
is fair at 11.20 per.
There are 35 men working in the
logging camp. Falling Is by the
bushel. Running two sides. Camp
conditions bad. Board same as at
the cordwood camp.
The B. C, Pulp & Paper Co. (formerly Whalen's) is operating three
camps, 9, 14 and 15.
Nine Is running two sides, 00 men
employed. Wages from $3 up.
Board $1.20 and bum nt that.
Camp 14 Is running one side, 40
men employed. Board Is the best
on the Sound. Working conditions
rotten.
Camp 15 operating one side, 35
to 40 men employed. The "chuck"
could be greatly Improved by
"chucking" the cook in the "chuck."
Working conditions belter than at
14, hut room for lots of improvement in all tlle camps,
1 Barney McKinnon Is super over
all the company camps, and seems
to think that he can make the logging camps pay by running short
handed, us one man is doing two
men's work wherever that ls possible.
THE lumber interests are quietly
at work pulling every available
political string that wlll help to Ilx
the minimum wuge at forty cents
an hour for tlle lumber workers in
the province ot B. C. This is the
minimum wage that ls now being
paid In the Industry.
| Formerly wages ln the woods Increased in the spring, but this year,
despite the increased production ot
the workers, good markets, and the
coming of "prosperity," the minimum wnge for a lumber worker
remains below the level of a working wage.
All the lumber firms, from the
big raliroad concerns down to the
humblest haywire outflt, are unanimous in keeping the minimum wage
nt forty cents an hour. This Is being done In order to influence tho
llnding of the Minimum Wage
Bonrd that has heen, for the last
few months, wrestling with the—
to tbem—problem of what Is a living wage.
Tbe lumber interests arc this
yenr depending on the Influx of
"farmers' from Europe to offset the
shortage ot lahor that usually conies
at tbls season when men drift out
of tlie city with tlle coming of warm
weather, for the seasonal upward
Iretul of wages.
Woll here's hoping, hut when I
see the abuse the Infant Eight-
Hour Day Act is being subjected to
by lho lumber Interests, and reflect upon the death and burial of
the Seinl-Monthly Pay Act "I hae
ma (loots."
MUSIC HATH CHARMS TO
SOOTHE THE SAVAGE BREAST
.— (FP) — The whose  skins  are  dark,  and  who
choir   of   Saga- were Imported without having been
a strike town In Armstrong Informed of the strike.  Tho flrst
county north by east of Pittsburgh, morning to work the strike message
Is welcoming spring and the early comes with choir's voices.      They
mah the BrltlBh government has! at morning sunrise. All through  the got the  entreaty of mothers dls-
last taken measures to free sovelol   long winter the chorus of 20 sing- possessed from the homes they are
thousand girl slaves.   In other lo-  ers  has   been  assembling   ln  the now occupying.    And  the  strlke-
calitles in India, a slave traffic gcies  snow and darkness on the land the breaker   will   work   a   few   days,
on, unmolested by the English.
miners'   union   leased   above   the sometimes a few weeks, till he la
road.     The   strikebreakers   must able to pay his way out and say
take this road on their way to the goodby.   Then the operator fetches
Buffalo & Susquehanna Coal Co.'s In more to go through the same
MAINLAND CIGAR STORE
"THE PLACE FOR PIPES"
Mail Ordera Receive Promt Attention
310 CARRALL STREET    VANCOUVER, B.C.
RED STAR DRUG STORE
"THE MAIL ORDER DRUGGISTS"
Wt Hake ■ Special Effort to Get Goods Ont by First Hail
Aftor Receipt of Yonr Order
Corner Cordova and Carrall
Vancouver, B.C.
Porto Rican Labor
GroanS Under Yoke "line, w**,|c*1 attempting to operate experience.    But the company has
_____              i      on the 1917 scale basis In violation never   got enough to   work more
WASHINGTON—Senator Santiago of the  three_*1'ear """tract signed than one of the four mines and that
Iglesias, president ot the Free Fed- ,n 1924' on a 1'e,luce,1 ba8'9'
eratlon ot Workers of Porto Rico     Tlle cnolr ls ma'le "P ot striking One morning last January Btate
and secretary of the Pan-American coal d'*-*****6" nnd their wives and police and guards raided the choir
Federation ot Labor, has sent to -Stf-WMerfl,    with    several    school line and took a group before the
President Coolldge, the bureau of teachers assisting.      They began Justice of the peace, who fined them
insular affairs and to all members 8|B8||1» t0 the scabs when the Kit- (6 eoch.   The union paid the fines
of the house and senate nnother "nnlng court Issued an Injunction and the singing appeals go on,
plea for federal Investigation of the torb******af:   Picketing.    They   have In   union   there  is   strength   and
misery of Porto Rican wage earn- 8un»" Bc0-*es °' Bcabs awl«r ln •**« ml°**t'
ers.   He has been pleading ln vain course ot ***" ^-""-nth strike. So   why   oppose   a   causo   that's
for the past ten years tor such an     I*st Monday three more carloads right?
Investigation. of    invaders    left    town.     They 	
, 'The infant  mortality  ot   Porto ^to^ ^SlZZJ LABOR UNIONS IN RUSSIA
Rico," he says," by reason of the » **""• t0 watcl1 **** strikebreakers ,ron(|nuP,i f,om m*e Three)
lack of milk and excessive poverty, Da88ln8 •*■■•«"•** "taring at *CoM-**wA *">m I""50 T1,ree>
is about three times more than that tne 'rozel> road before th<rai* *** •*•* when <U*-cliarglng workers en
prevailing ln the United States. cnolr Bang at tn6m: ma8Be ****** are to be 'Mld a conl"
Thousands ot children are dying of Oh stranger, why did you come Pensotlon amounting to their month-
actual hunger. Economic and so- bere, ly earnings, even if notice was
clal conditions reflect a severe ln- And take our homes and bread glvcn- ,n other caBes compensa-
dlctment against the American big a»ay; tlon Is paid according to the La-
buslnesB colonial policy in the pos- <"> won't you quit your work today, *"" Code <two vee***' W>* The
session of the Island. I appeal to And join us now, we pray,
you, ln the Interest of humanity, to So begins one of the songs corn-
Investigate the wrongs of these P°Be'* by clara Johnson, a public
people, confident that you will then school teacher, and Mr. Arthur
use your Influence and position ln Coolf' a striker's wife and
the Interest of Justice.'                   singer.   The chorus rings on
_____  Won't you Joint us?
join us?
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Fot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS ABD NURSERYMEN
3-STORHS—S
48 Hutingi St. E.. Sey. 988-672   665 Granville St., Sty. 9513-1391
151 Haitingi St. W., Seymour 1370
"SAY IT WITH FLOWERS"
HANCOCK, Mich.—The Farmers'
Co-oporatlve Trading Company at
their annual membership meeting
joined   In
company will contribute 3 per cent,
for educational work, rest homos
and nurseries.
The company binds Itself to con-
choir struct a sufficient number of
houses or leasing them when en-
Won't you larglng their enterprises. When
building new mills (it is proposed
In lighting for our rights today; to build copper-smelting works)
We're going to win, we know we lhe   company   Is   bound   to   build
will,
the   universal   protest «    ,' ,
against the fascist terror In Italy S° J°ln US n°W| W0 m*'
and   called   for   an   International The voices peal down the nar-
gatherlng to lay plans to combat row road that leads past the sing-
fascism.                                   , erB from  the company tenements
to the mine mouth.
VIENNA. — Premier    Bratlano, Only  a   few   strikebreakers
workers' settlements with clubs,
hospitals, houses for co-operative
organizations and bath houses,
A school for factory apprentices
will   be   maintained  at   the  company's  expense.    The  apprentices
will be  paid,  beginning  with  the
are first category, and those working
Subscribe to
The Labor Advocate
F
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EARLESS ls Its flght against the forces of reaction.
ORCEFtJL in championing the cause of the workers
RATERNAL towards all bona-flde Labor organizations.
|CR poller Is to publish Labor news and views, free from factional bias.
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YOUR   ASSISTANCE    WILL    BE    APPRECIATED
together with his brother, are plot- brazen.   These UBUally come from at the furnaces will be paid by tho
ting a dictatorship over Roumania, the farms of Armstrong county, In second category.   The vacation of
The Adeverul, a Roumanian paper, this part of Pennsylvania there Ib apprentices will be one month, and
quotes him as stating that If tbe a wall between the farmer and the those working at the furnaces wlll
parliamentary    elections    defeated Industrial   worker.    But  the   im- get six Weeks
■•-eiTtTZlJ","   ^   T PUM  Btr"",breal"!r8 are «ulokOT The families of workers who die
J_^_.*                       bV °th" t»Bel"»"'»Bba>»a <" their position. from accldentB are t0 be pal(1, „«.
methods."
This  is  especially  true  of  those
"FOLLOWING THE GLEAM"
(Continued from page Three)
Master" and the goodly company of those who,
throughout the ages, have endeaveored to 'follow the
gleam.' I still feel the call to service, and trust that I
may have some share in the work of bringing in the
Kingdom."
"Yours sincerely,
"J. S. WOODSWOTH."
sides the Social Insurance benefits, two months' wages. The list
ot occupations entitled to special
working clothes has been Increased hy 29 occupations.
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THE ORIGINAL
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HAND.MADE  BOOTS]
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LOGGERS,   MINERS,   CR
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Special attention to mail orl
H. Harv(
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£8    CORDOVA    STREET
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QUALITY
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76 HASTINGS  EAST J
HAROLD DEQO and |
BOB KRAUSE
Late 54th Batt. and 72nd
NEW YORK.-MaBs meetings of {
Negro laundry workers are being !
held In different parts ot New York j
City ln an attempt to get the 20,000 {
Negro laundry workera that are *
unorganized Into the unions. ',
Telephone
Ahead
When travelling in lhi
busy season, ii is wistL
lo telephone ahead fori
reservations.
B. C. Telephone Compl
________ April 15th, 1926
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Five
©lb Country ILabor fie ws
British Clerks May      Says Disarmament
Consolidate Forces       Not Now possible
the (act that Turkoy Is
|>ackward In Industrial devol-
the trade union movement
gaining   a   foothold.
r's   labor   movement   dates
|lo 1010, at which time Turk-
jfreek,  Armenian  and  Jewish
fc-H began to gather Into un-
Those   organized   comprise
Itobacco and dock workers at
Ulnople; ilg plantation work-
pyrarna; and miners at Sun-
The latter are as yet poor-
Unized, and are living ln a
fh little short of slavery.
Corsica
•Yorkers in the silver mines
Ilea are learning what they
Icompllsh   through   unions.
Irmed a union recently and
j notice to their employers
ng an eight-hour day and
pse In wages. The employ-
pod to anything but abject
pn,     completely     Ignored
[uest, but got the surprise
' lives when the workers
' went on  strike.    At the
|iree weeks the silver mine
capitulated  and  granted
le  Increase  and eight-hour
Britain
Y\& conference of labor lo
immigration  questions  is
Invoked by the International
Tpn   of   Trade   Unions,   in
on Way  18 to 21.    Delete expected from all organ-
I affiliated   to   the  Amster-
|l Second Internationals, as
from other outside labor
Restricting immigration to
] quotas, and the migration
Jrcil races Into white coun-
|e among the subjects on the
LONDON—Negotiations for the
amalgamation ot Important unions
ln the distributive and clerical
trades have been resumed,' and a
conference of the executives of the
unions concerned is to be held early
this month for consideration ot the
proposed scheme.
Unions concerned include the Na-
tionad Union of Distributive and
Allied Assistants, Warehousemen
and Clerk, and the Association of
Women ClerkB and Secretaries.
Their amalgamation will bring into existence a new organisation
with 140,000 members, and It will
have the title of the National Union
of Distributive, Clerical and Allied
Workers.
In the earlier negotiations the
National Union of Clerks, the
Journeyman Butchers' organization,
and the Union ot Co-operative
Officials were involved, but they
have withdrawn.
LONDON—"General disarmament
is impossible while world-wide International suspicion ;ex!sts," declared Locker-LampBon, under secretary for foreign affairs, in the
House ot Commons, in response to
a question by Arthur Ponsonby,
Laborlte, demanding that the government define its position regarding the forthcoming Geneva disarmament conference,
Locker-Lampson's statement created something of a sensation tor
lt ls the Ilrst statement from a government spokesman Indicating that
the government has little faith ln
the possibility ot disarmament at
this time.
British Children
Glut Labor Market
I. L. P. Demand
Debt Cancellation
WHITLEY BAY—Resolutions ln
favor of world-wide cancellation ot
war debts were passed here by tho
Independent, Labor Party Conference, after speakers had bitterly denounced tho United States for Its
opposition to cancellation.
Soymour Cox, a delegate, urged
that Great Britain take steps to
cancel the debtB owed to her by
European countries, even if unable
to Induce the United StiatJ^to reduce the British debt. The majority, however, held this impracticable as long as Great Britain has
to pay the United States.
LONDON — More than 190,000
British children who had attained
lho age of 14 have been released
from school and thrown upon the
labor market which has little place
for them. In the past chlldren were
permitted to leave school on attaining the age ot 14. This released
them throughout the year and lt
was possible tor them to go to work
gradually.
Under the new system children
who become 14 during a school
term may not leave school until
the end ot that term. This makes
so many applicants for jobs at the
same time that employers say many
of the children must necessarily remain Idle for a considerable time
beforc they can go to work.
Jubilee Labor Hall Notes
Workers Driven
Into Charity Class
Preservation of pauperism as an
essential feature of capitalist society appears as the British conservative government's motive in handling the unemployment problem.
Prime Minister Baldwin has adopted the simple device of arbltrally
cutting tens of thousands of unemployed off the number officially entitled to unemployment Insurance,
forcing them Into the claBB dependent on poor relief, a torm of municipal charity.
Official figures tell the story
which makes Baldwin's boast that
he has cut down unemployment
sound rather hollow. They show
that in the lirst full year since Conservatives took over the government from Labor 128,618 workerB
were squeezed off the unemployed
registers and in the same period
252,100 were added to the number
of persons in receipt ot poor relief.
That women and children figure ln
the pauper roster probably accounts
for the fact that the increase in
this group ls nearly double the reduction in the number officially out
of work.
The latest government figures
show 1,107,110 persons unemployed
and 1,324,000 In receipt of poor relief. The Dally Herald shows week
by week for tlle last quarter of
1925 how the decline ln the number
ot unemployed waB paralleled by a
rise in tho number on poor relief.
The average number on poor reliof at tiie end ot December for the
four years preceding the war war
662,370. Pauperism has nearly
doubled since 1914. The figures
show nearly all this increase in the
populous industriai centres. In
London the number in receipt of
poor relief has increased trom 102,-
000 in December, 1913, to 226,000
in December, 1926.
REMEMBER   THESE   NAMES
THE business houses whose advertisements appear in
The Labor Advocate are interested in the welfare of
not only their own help, but of workers generally.
GIVE THEM YOUB SUPPORT AND GOOD-WILL
MEN!
MAKE THIS YOUR STORE!
Every man that is a friend of Labor will further his interests by buying here.
Suits from $14.75 to 937.50
We carry a complete line of men's furnishings; work and
dress clothing.     Our strong guarantee goes with every
sale we make.    SATISFACTION OR MONEY BACK.
Mail orders receive prompt and careful attention.
WRAY  & McKEE  LTD.
52 Hastings St. West Vancouver, B.C.
A   NORMAL    SPINE    MEANS
HEALTH
Dr. W.F.E. Durrant
CHIROPRACTOR
Painter Graduate
Backache,    Sprains,    Rheumatism,    Stomach    and    all
Internal Troubles.
SIXTH  FLOOR
015 Dominion Bank Building
307 Hastings St. W.   Sey. 1966
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will   Cure  Your  Rheumatism
Lumbago, Neuritis or Bad Cold
MASSAPE A SPECIALTY
PACIFIC   BUILDING
744 Hast. St. W. Phone Sey 2670
H. NEIL
Hand Made Loggers' and
Seamen'.  Boots
125 LONSDALE AVE.
NO. VANCOUVER   Phone 1181
Australia
|)ill to abolish the legislative
(a nominee revlslonary
Ir in the N. S. W. Parlla-
f— been defeated by 47 votes
The defeat Was due to
Jry in the Labor ranks. The
kiremler (Lang) says he will
(more appointments to the
pr and again launch a bill
kg about  its  abolition this
Roumania
[lawyers of Roumania are on
Just   like   other   workers
lave resorted to tills method
Brcing their  demands  when
Itctics tailed.   A heavy stamp
■laced, by parliament, on all
papers, wlll ruin their busi-
fhey claim.    Law suits will
so expensive that disputes
settled in other ways, and
beprive the lawyers of their
lonce the strike.
yzecho-Slovakia
It censorship of newspapers
p. In Slovakia. Many news-
! appear wltb halt their col-
Jdeleted by the censors.   At-
are made to stifle all ex-
Ion ot the demand ot the na-
minorities In Csecho-Slo-
I tor an independent Slovakia.
Poland
kai statistics published by tho
J government give the number
■employed in that country at
■00,000 out of a working popu-
| of 900,000. The government
Wing unemployed workers
f of from 20 cents to $2 per
Russia
Central Committee of the
Business Employees' Union
jssigned 100,000 roubles tor the
guction of new clubs. The
i Ib given with the understand-
hat local union organizations
double the amount assigned
YORK—(PP)—Two studies
Ired by Morris Koichln, chief
|tlcan  for  the  bureau of roof the coat and suit Indus-
how increasing unemployment
Jromen'a garment workers. The
Ige annual Income ef the work-
Jconsenuently  fell  from  $1,675
pib-manufacturlng shops to $1,-
and from $2,016 ln Inside shops
1,874.
TIIE annual meeting of directors
..and shareholders was held In
the Labor Hall on Friday last, at 8
p.m. When the election of ollicers
took place Richard Neville was acclaimed president Joseph Jenkins,
vice-president; Stanley Bate, secretary, and Alfred Keel, treasurer.
The six directors working ln conjunction with flie above officials
were all re-elected. Messrs. Sumner, Holmes and Marino were appointed auditors.
The treasurer's report, whicli
will be published In detail In the
Advocate at a later date, was listened to with evident interest.
Starting with little funds only one
year ago tho ball as It stands Is
out of debt, although there ls more
work to be done before It Is completed.
It was decided to pay $100 towards the purchase price of the
land at once.
A resolution was carried thanking the Ladles' Auxiliary ot the
I. L. P., South West Burnaby
Branch, for the valuable assistance
rendered towards the building and
furnishing of the Labor Hall.
Having sufficient funds on hand,
It was further decided to go ahead
with the building of the kitchen at
once, and that construction would
start on Saturday, April 17th.
A scheme, to be put in offect
shortly, wlll bo to iSBiie further
shares on the installment plan,
enabling thoso comrades who find
It difficult to pay in a lump sum to
help ln the work at the hall.
Messrs. Sumner, Jenkins and Merino volunteered to form a committee to handle this scheme.
Tenders for the lumber for tho
kitchen were opened, the successful firm being Royal Oak Station,
Burnaby.
Our president, Mr. Dick Neville,
In a few remarks noted the progress that had been made ln the
first year of the Jubilee Labor
Hall's history, It was the spirit
of comradeship and co-operatton
that had made the building of the
hall possible, that same spirit
which would eventually be tho
moans of emancipating the workers, Mr. Neville hoped that at the
end of this year, we should be able
to look back on another year ot
work and progress.
"600 Brlve"
On   Saturday  night  last   a   500
drive was held and stated by those
prosent to be a great success. Mrs.
Neville  can   certainly  make   good
coffee.
Sale of Literature
We have now on hand a limited
supply of Scott Nearlng's latest
looklets: Glimpiies of the Soviet
Republic, Russia Turns EaBt,
Stopping a War, World Labor
Unity, British Labor Bids For
Power, Oil and the florins of War.
All of the above are valuable to
socialists and can be obtained at
nny meeting for 15 cents each from
Comrade Bate.
This week at the various meetings three new subscriptions to
Thc Labor Advocate wero booked,
and several copies ot the |above
hooks sold. Have you any applications for membership to turn in!
It short of application cards ask
at the Labor' Hall for more. We
have plenty on hand.
Rhodesian Rulers
Pass Military Law
CAPETOWN, South Afrlca.—The
parliament recently set up ln
Southern Rhodesia has passed a
bill providing for compulsory military service.
The country Is of huge size with
a very small and scattered population and was until lately the property ot the British South Africa
company. That corporation secured tor Itself and Its officials
valuable mineral deposits and
tracts of arable land.
Upon the establishment of parliamentary government the group
In control of the corporation
merely became the Conservative
party and now enforces Its wlll
through the agenoy ot a legislative
body.
The motive back of the compulsory military law was, of course,
not the danger ot a foreign military
Invasion nor of a native uprising.
It Is that the Rhodesian Railway
Workers' Union, the only labor organisation of any Btrength, may be
broken by having the conscripts
called to the colors. This scheme
was flmt worked ln Franoe to break
a railway strike tn that eountry.
Unity With Russia
Pledged By Swales
MOSCOW, U.S.81&—The vice-
chairman of the general council of
the British Trade Union Congress,
A. B. Swales, who ls at present ln
the North Caucasus for the purpose of convalescence, made a
speech ln a Bhop council's meeting
In Platlgorsk upon the establishment of international trade union
unity in which he welcomed the
unity action ot the Russian unions
and pointed to the growing influence of the Anglo-Russian unity
committee.
"The English proletariat watched
the development ot the Soviet
Union to socialism with great attention. It would always remain
true to the slogan, 'Hands oU Soviet
Russia!' " Swales declared that he
was, it waa true, unofficially in the
Soviet Union, but that he would report upon the successes of the
Russian working class when he
reached home. The meeting gave
Swales a great ovation.
We got good results from our "HEADLIGHT"
advertisement last week.
THIS WEEK
we offer you
HAT
Specials
UP TO THE MINUTE STYLES
TRAVELLERS' SAMPLES
Regular $7, $7.50, $8.50, and $10.00 Hats
for $6.00
Regular $5, ?6, and $6.50 Hats; Real Bargains
at MM
They won't last long — Get Yours!
W. B. Brummitt
20 CORDOVA ST. VANCOUVER; B-C.
Increased Majority
For Labor Member
EDINBBUROH, Scotland — Opposition to the provisions of the
government's mine commission report has Increased the majority of
the Labor Party candidate ln the
by-election just held for the Both-
well division ot Lanarkshire trom
3,277, that obtained by the former
Labor member of parliament ln the
last general election, to over 6,000
received by Joseph Sullivan, the
candidate Just elected.
Sullivan Ib an official ot the miners' union.
We bought too heavy — are over*
stocked — and must get cash.
Unloading Sale
— of —
HIGH
GRADE
SHOES
Have not time to
enumerate prices,
too busy marking
down prices.
SALE
OPENS
TODAY!
NEW YORK—(FP)—Modern mo-
chanlcal mining methods operating
in West Virginia mines are being
studied by J. W. Powell, chlet engineer ot Kusbas autonomous Industrial colony, Kemerovo, Siberia.
Powell ls a former Wost Virginia
mining engineer.
U. S. Mine Operators
Burn Mexican Co-op.
CLEVELAND—(FP) — American
mine owners ln Mexico, according
to the A^-Anierfcan Co-operative
commission, are guilty ot burning
down a union miner co-operative
store ln rovenge for successful
strikes. The Mexican miners had
won 3 strikes against the Yankee
employers, the last one recolving
the support of the federal board ot
arbitration. In retaliation the employers fired active union membera,
closed one of the pits and then
destroyed the miners' co-operative
store.
STUPENDOUS BARGAINS!
Every Shoe in the Store Greatly Reduced—Some as much as a Halt.
YOUR
CHANCE
TO  BUY
New Spring and
Summer Shoes.
Don't miss it —
DON'T! It means
DOLLARS saved
for you!
SOLID LEATHER  FOOTWEAR
MEN'S, WOMEN'S, CHILDREN'S
Highest Grade Shoes and Oxfords; Men's all solid
Leather Work Shoes; Best Wearing Children's
Shoes for School or Dress — at prices you will
never see again,
SEE OUR WINDOWS!
Kibler's Shoe Store
(THE BEST FOR LESS)
163 Hastings St. E.     (Almost Opp. the Library) Page Six
THK CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
April 15th,-
Kent's
Secondhand Store
432 Joyce Road
Collingwood East
A Large and Interesting
Stock
Support   the   Old   Established
and Old Reliable Firm
I'liuiie High. ll»"
Ken's Transfer
H.  S.  KENT
REMOVALS - BAGGAGE
Daily Trips to Vancouver
. 3553-29111 Ave. E„ Cor. Joyce St.
0
Coifing wood I. L.P. Notes
I I. OCTOBER, 1024, a branch of the creased steadily, but not to the ex-
F. h. P. Was formed in Colling- tent that it should have done, as
wood.   Since that time steady pro- we have in thiB district some bf the
gress has been made.    During the staunchest   friends   of   the   Labor
past year our membership bas in- movement not taking part In our
'" ' "   '  activities.   But, we are glad tb say,
Greek Pacers Trv "le9e can be re"eu u"°" w,ien "-e
TCI'    O     •! time comes, either at the poll, or In
TO Spilt Strikers the time of stress, to give us their
______ assistance.   ThiB was proven when X|
Victoria Supply
2003 Kingsway
< Phone Coll. ini
JVVW^/WWWSWWVVVWW^AMrtAWftAAft-'-WWIiVW
NEW YORK—(FP)—The old trick
of employers attempting to turn
one group of workers against
another    felled    completely    when
the miners of Nova Scotia needed
aid.    We set to work and sent to
their relief tbe sum of $100.
The social part of our activities
The
Col'wood Tailors
412 Joyce Road
CLEANING and
PRESSING
Suits to order
First-class work and satisfaction guaranteed.
Established 7 years
F. PERRY
Barber
Joyce Road
Right at Collingwood
Station.
I appreciate your
Patronage
tried by fur manufacturers In the has beei1 a STmt success. During
present New York strike of 12,000 "ie past winter we have held a
furriers. The Greek National Her- series of wh,8t (lrlTes on 'Friday
aid appeal to Greek fur workers to evenings. On Friday last we fin-
break with the Jewish unionists and "-led "P w'"* <• soc'a' that was m'
settle independently was met by the Joy**"*1 M a"* We had with us
Greek strikers demonstrating ln Frank Neelands, M.L.A.; Frank
front of the Herald building while Browne, M.L.A., and Dr. Telford,
a committee of them asked the edi- Short addresses were given by each, J,
tor to print their resolutioh con- also cards, as wtell as music, thanks
demnlng the idea.- to Mr. Jock Laundy, Mrs. Coslett
Police were called by the Greek an(1 Mi8S Coslett
editors and 15 Btrlkers arrested on     Meetings aro held on the second
disorderly conduct charges. Eleven and    fourth    Thursdays    of    each
were dismissed  by the  court and month in the G.W.V.A. Hall, Kings-
four held on $25 bail each for later way and Joyce road,
hearing.    Atlantis, another Greek     We have now thrown ln our lot
paper,  also   refused  to  print  the   with the newly-formed I. L. P.
workers'     resolution,     expressing ,»»»»»»»»»»»«»»»*»»»»»»'"-mJ
their  faith ln the union and de- ,
termination not to breaw away but J
to stand solidly with their fellow J
workers until all demands are won i
and the union ends the strike. Em- '
pros, Greek workers' paper, is run- J
nlng the resolution in full. J
 i  t
GROCERIES and
PROVISIONS
WE    SELL    CHEAPER
TAYLOR'S
MEAT   MARKET
Government Inspected Meats
Only.
We treat you right. City prices
and less. You can rely upon
everything  you  buy   from  us.
Phone Coll 124
We Deliver
Wilson's Hardware
5715 Joyce Road (Next to Carleton School)
Phone: COLL. 519
Our Specialty—
RE-BUILT STOVES
CROCKERY
GARDEN TOOLS
PAINTS & OILS
STOVES & RAN(
—«—« ffff_w_rAV—WffS—WM**tWfA*t*.
ST.   LOUIS—(FP)—While   $15.20 I
a week is the least upon which a i
working girl can maintain herself, J
the average wage of working girls J
in   Missouri  is   $12.65.    A remedy I
would be a minimum wage law for .
women.   These are the findings ot J
Dr. George  B. Mangold, St.  I_juis {
church   federation.     Standards   in I
the candy industries are especially ,
bad, he says.
Collingwood      ;
FUEL SUPPLY   !
Collingwood East Station !
Phone: Collingwood 308   |
Night: Collingwood 227R3 ;
<
We can supply your re- j
quirements for j
COAL and WOOD »
—of all kinds, and give <
prompt delivery and satis- ,
faction. ,
We want you to recom- 5
mend us to your friends as J
we know you will' be j
satisfied. <
HEALTH RESTORED BY NATURAL METHODS
Dr. McLeod's System of Treatment Highly Praised by His Patients.
A Burnaby woman writes:—"Having suffered for years from a complication of troubles, during which i
did not know what it was to be free from headache, and having doctored steadily without relief, I heard i
McLeod's Methods and the wonderful results he obtained in treating similar cases. I at once took a cotj
treatment, and say without hesitation that I was CURHD and at the end of my course felt like a new ;
I highly recommend his treatment and the remarkable application of curative diet that plays an importad
in the system he uses."—B.M.       (Name and address available in my office).
A Vancouver patient states:—"My nervous trouble which defied all other treatment is cured, and I i
lutely made over. I feel wonderfully well. Your treatments are not only painless but pleasant and I
recommend you to anyone in ill health. I suffered for years. Now I sleep like a child. Your truly,
Vancouver, B.C." (Full name and address in my office).
Regardless of your condition or what so-called cures you have tried without succq
can help you.    Consultation Free.    Phone for appointment.    Coll. 868.
I GUARANTEE TO CURE ACNE   (Pimples).    You  need not be disfigured.    I have never yet met a i
Rheumatism  that  is  incurable.
Dr. J. B. McLeod, D.C, D.O.
Graduate    of
Resident   College   of   Drugles,*    Healing,
and   the   Nutritional   Disorders    of
Office  at  Collingwood   East  Station.
Specializing in Treatment of Rheumat^
Children.
Residence   2312   Royal   Oak
|AWA1\\%VB'.W^\\WAVWAVt
ASSOCIATED
BROKERAGE
Walter Qraddon, J.P.
Real Estate & Insurance
— Notary Public —
401 Joyce Road,
Collingwood East
Phones—
Office: Collingwood 32
Res.:   Collingwood   27L
CHAMBERS DRUG STORE
— Specialty —
The Dispensing of Prescriptions
— Our Policy —
'One Grade Only and that the Best"
Phone Collingwood 34
Collingwood East
»——■
J. Coulter
Shoe Repair Man
382 Joyce Road
Yonu* can rely upon good
workmanship and satisfactory work if Coulter
does it.
— Quick Service —•„
<***»
Bring your car to the
JOYCE ROAD
GARAGE
Repairs to all makes of
cars by practical workmen
only.
GASOLINE, OIL and
ACCESSORIES
451 Joyce Road
Collingwood East
Our stock of HIGH CLASS GROCERIES
—Is always fresh and we appreciate your trade to the point ot
always  wanting  to  win  your  confidence.
We Deliver — Phone Coll. 25
FRASER   BROS.
402 Joyce Road
Right at Colllngwood Bast Station.
Collingwood Garage
Phone: COLL. 73
2636 KINGSWl
Goodyear Tires
Let us test your
FORD COILS
accurately.
SUPPORT YOUR y hn moreaip
DISTRICT GARAGE        **^SPACE
—you can't get better
service anywhere!
WE AIM TO
PLEASE!
,DHAM®M__>***@IfaiIG>
BATTERIES
CARLETON   REALTY
O. S. Steenburg, Manager
Real Estate   —   Loans   —   Insurance
I have specialized In thla district for 16 years.   I solicit your business and will give it personal and careful  attention.
2579 Kingsway
Phone Coll. S42
WOODBMDGE'S SHOE STORE
2619 Kingsway Phone Call. 729
LECKIES, CHUMS and NURSERY
Boots in Stock.
— Shoes at City Prices and Less —
WE   DO   REPAIRS
»<..*»n«.M,*.ii.il>,»,>l..,l.„
C. H. WHITE
Comer ot Joyce and Kingsway
CONFECTIONERY
GROCERIES
SCHOOL SUPPLIES
Try our
HOME J_AI>E CHOCOLATES
Let us write your—
Fire, Life and Car Insurance
No other ofllce con give you better service.       We are also
agents for MUNICIPAL PROPERTY.
•nraaau-w
FORD
REAL, ESTATE -
2618 Kingsway
». — — .*■. — ■. J»»-M_.
REAL ESTATE
We Specialize in the Collingwood District.
INSURANCE   IN   ALL   ITS   BRANCHES
Reliable Companies — Moderate Rates — Prompt Service
COLLINGWOOD REALTY
(H. G. Watson)
418 Jtiyce Road
(Collingwood East Station)
Phone CoH. 258
South Vancouver
A. J. ROWE
Tailor
-H) Kingsway
SPECIAL BLUE SBROE SCIT
(with extra Trousers) Tailor
made. Pit and style guaranteed—
94MO
i CLEANING,    PRESSING    and
REPAIRING
SALISBURY'S
BARBER SHOP
Mlt   Kingsway, JTeer Joyee
I wish ta annonnce that t havt
now an extra* chair nad attendant Customers can ba
,assured of quick service. NO
waiting.
First  Clnss Work   (iuaranMi
NEW AND USED      J
Sewing Machines  ',
For quick sale I am offering a I
special    Singer    Cabinet   Ma-
J  ls a real bargain. H
J  J. Jt. Utffl • IIS Jojce Road J
SPENCER'S
EMPORIUM
Kingsway & David
Watch Us Grow!
Oor new store will open
shortly. Oor motto remains- the same—-
"Pair Dealing"
A Full  Line of Groceries
Big   Variety  ot  Confectionery
ICE CREAM   —   DRINKS
LUNCHES
Courteous Service
—4
&   LATTA
■ LOANS — INSURANCE
Phone: Coll.
Phont Coll. m HI
Carleton
Transfer Co.
EXPRESS • BAGGAGE
MOVING
NANAIMO'WBLLINGTON    and
BOOTLESS  COAL
Office and warehouse:
5709 Joyce Road
(Near Carleton School)
South Vaneoaver
♦»-■■    ■<■    ■,,,*■! *■,,,*■*.„,
Royal Groceri
J. C. Taylor - ProR
5735 Joyce Road
Phone Coll. 19R1
HIOH   CLASS   OROCE
and PROVISIONS
— Prompt Delivery .
J
I
I-
s'l
COLLINGWOOD CONFECTIONER
403 Joyce Road
»  Please note that we have moved from our old add
416 Joyce Road, to the above. »
"•—'■ We mm sell —
ROBERTSON BAKERY (PRODUCTS
ICE CREAM, CONiPECTIONERY and REFRESHME!
i Private Booths
1' We Specialize in—
* i HOME MADE CANDIES
' —Just Try Th<

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