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The Canadian Labor Advocate 1925-08-14

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With Which Is Incorporated^ a. C. FEDERATIONIST
Seventeenth Year.  No. 83
VANCOUVER, B. C, %^,Ai_Y MORNING, AUG. 14, 1925
.Bight Pages
Democratic America
"WITH our murder and
homicide record of 238
this year In this' (Cook)
county, two men have been
hanged, two negroes, both
poor and without Iriends. It
is the experience of this
eountry that a murderer
with money will not be
hanged." — Chicago Tribune
editorial, August 8, 1925.
■i ii i n ii i.nim«ii|niiiii hiiih..>..i..»..»..»i.«..-..>
Parson To Tell How
Movies Helped Boss
To Break Up Strikes
Federated Press.)
NEW TORK.—Moving pictures
used to break strikes. The story
of how this haa been done will
be one of the features at the coming meeting of the National Conncil of the Congregational Churches at Washington, D.C, October
next This Information is contained in advance publicity issued
by the national council, advertising the address to be delivered by
Ute Rev. Fred. Bridgeman of the
Transvaal, missionary of tbe American-Board of Foreign Missions.
Bridgeman will tell the assembled clergymen that he, with his
little moving-picture machine,
halted an industrial uprising of
his black parishioners in the great
Johannesburg strike of 1922 and
restored them to a satisfactory
state of peace.
The Miracle
"The Ignorant blacks," says the
publicity sheet, "fell an easy prey
to agitators and they milled
around and were on the point of
open rebellion." Then the missionary's movie machine began
grinding and, like a miracle, peace
As a prelude to this fancy-
straining finale, the account describes his parishioners ln the patronizing and sneering fashion
characteristic of those who bear
the white man's burden. There is
mention of the black hordes liv-
ihg in their huge compounds by
the mines, and ln gambling, vice,
fights and dances spending their
leisure. "These are the idle
hours,*' goes the narrative, "nnd
with natives as with white men,
Satan finds mischief for idle hands
to do."
The White HeU
That the terrible exploitation of
the blaek laborers might have
taken a part in bringing the Industrial, revolt, and that better
eonditlons might be a peace-
bringing factor are subjects avoided ln the advance* notice ot the
missionary's' speech, which takes
/* up most of the three columns of
publicity on the coming national
council meeting. The thing that
ls frankly emphasised ls the use.
of the movies as a strikebreaking
force, the first paragraph of the
advance sheets beginning with the
words: "The use of motion pictures to quell a strike outbreak."
Labor men to whom the Federated Press correspondent showed this publicity expressed surprise that a prominent denomination should lend Itself to such
stuff. The use of movies In this
oountry  for anti-labor propagan-
Unity Brings Triumph
British Workers Are Rapidly Centralizing Power and Authority
[By Len De Caux, Federated Press!'
T ONDON.—The great solidarity
of the British trade union
movement in supporting the miners
has forced the mine owners to back
down from their blocking of further negotiations, Under pressure
from the government, which offered a 9-month profit subsidy the
owners withdrew for two weeks
their notices reducing wages and
lengthening hours. Probably this
wlU mean at least a tt-mouth armistice in the course of which a royal eommission will go Into every
phase of the situation.
The miners union had "placed
its case unreservedly in the hands
of the general council of the Trade
Union congress at the supreme national trade union committee," and
it is this body that sees to lt that
the support of all sections of the
trade union movement is given to
the miners in their struggle. .
The Industrial Alliance
The constitution of the proposed
Industrial Alliance, which has al
to confirmation of the membership,
states the methods of assistance to
member unions as a) negotiation,
(b) financial, (c) partial sympathetic action, (d) sympathetic action by stages, (e) complete sympathetic action.
Centralized Direction
Centralized direction of strikes is
provided in the clause that "upon
the general conference (of the Alliance) sanctioning assistance, the
conduct of the movement shall
then pass into the control of the
executive council." One of the
duties of the executive council of
the proposed alliance is to keep
the general council of the Trades
Union congress informed* and to
secure Its co-operation in the coordination of the whole trade union movement.
Composition and Purpose
The alliance is to "consist of organizations representing workpeople engaged in all forms of transport (railway, dock, waterways,
road, sea,  air)  engineering, ship-
ready been accepted by the Trans-! building, Iron and steel production,
port Workers, convention,  subject  mining,  and all forms  of. power
production and distribution."    Its
main object is "to assist any or all
of .the allied organizations in de
fending  the  hours  of  labor and
wage standards and securing ad
vancement of the standard of liv
N, U. R. Objections
The only objection so far Is from
the National Union of Railwaymen,
whose executive has decided that
while it agrees with the aim, unless
a complete understanding is obtained between unions catering for
the same industry, such an alliance
ls bound to meet with Internal difficulties. With this in view it has
appointed a committee to amend
the proposed constitution.
The movement for the consolidation of trade union forces has gained momentum. ' The formation of
the general council and the granting to it of increased powers are
recent developments. This body is
coming to be the general staff of
British labor in fact as well as in
claim and the placing of the min
er's case in the hands of the coun
dl ls a big step toward the centralized direction of the. movement.
Exploited Girls Are
Hoodwinked By Boss
The movement to organize tins
operators of .Vancouver ueaui*/
snops nas thrown consternation into the hearts ot tne various ueauty
panor owners ot this city, ana in
oruer to torestaii any- successful
attempt to organize them the bosses have opened their charter and
invited the operators to join up
with their bosses in "one great
big family."
The beauty operators ol! Vancouver are exploited ln tne most
callous fashion. Many of them pay
from {50 to $100 to learn the traue
and after five or six week's cursory instruction are given a be-
ribboned diploma, and turned loose
to work upon the public. Other
girls are taken into the shop of the
beauty parlor owner and set to
work on commission, which usually
gives the boss the lion's share, and
then some. In many instances the
girls paying for the course in alleged beauty culture learn little
more than the most elementary
facts of personal hygiene and the
care of the hair.
Vancouver beauty shop operators to protect themselves against
this state of affairs, propose an
organization of beauty shop employees, but the bosses here are
trying to forestall such a move by
inviting the girls into the bosses
organization, where they can be
properly "guided".
As the outcome of a conference
of unions in the production and
distribution of food, a Foods
Trade federation Is planned on an
industrial basis. \
da is a matter that labor has long
faced, but astonishment was voiced that the Congregational Church
Bhould so naively commend their
use for ending a strike In the foreign field without at the same
time recommending better treatment of the native workers by
their employers.
I Highlight! on This
Week's News
British Labor Holds Own.... 1
Movies Break Strike  1
Chinese Workers Boycott.... 1
U. S. Farmers Fleeced  2
Imperialists   Exploit   Australia  S
British Capitalism lu Decay 7
Miners and Transport
Workers United  1
Moroccan    Leader    Defies
Imperialism   8
Summer School Begins
Sessions This Week
All preparations for the third annual summer school to be held
here from August 10 th to 30th are
now completed and the sessions
will commence next Sunday, August 16th, with a lecture by Mrs.
Rose Henderson on "The Religion
of the New Democracy," which
will be given at The Log Cabin,
where all the evening lectures of
the school will be held.
Much Interest has been aroused
in the summer school and workers
from many points ih Western Canada and the United States are expected to be in attendance," although unfortunately several from
Vancouver will be unable to attend
due to unforeseen circumstances.
Jack Logie of West Summerland
is manager of the school, and all
communications regarding it
should be addressed to him.
Man must either labor or perish.
Nature gives us absolutely nothing
gratis; we must win it by toil of
some sort or degree.—William
Patronize Our Advertisers
Textile Workers May
Demand Wage Increase
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK.—Wage increases
approximating 20% for workers in
both wool and cotton branches of
the textile industry may be demanded by United Textile Workers
union officials whenever they decide the time ls opportune to act
against the wholesale wage reductions which have featured the industry. Power is given the officers by the union's emergency
board to seek restoration of the
1920 wage scale which would bring
the increases. Wages of over 60,-
000 woolen and worsted mill workers throughout New England have
just been reduced 10%.
Wage Slashes
Effective Jan. 1, 1921, textile
workers' wages were slashed
22%%* In 1923 the mill workers
were given 12%% increase in mo*
places. Last fall and winter, wages
in cotton mills were again lowered
10%, and now they have been generally cut in the woolen and
ed mills.
A general strike in the textile'ln-
dustry is not impossible, thoili
there are many phases which
pause to more cautious union
cers, The estimated 1,611,000 textile workers throughout the ci
try are comparatively poorly
ganized. The United Tejjl
Workers, affiliated with the
erican Federation of Labor, <
30,000 members. Amalga
Textile Workers, One Big
and Industrial Workers of "tsM-
World, all of which had Influence
among textile workers at one til
or another, have practically d
appeared from the field.
en gjsn-
^•■■■"■"■"■"•■■•■miili ti i tut l*,ii*,.iiiitiiim..*,mini
Barbarous Russia
"AS TO the Impartiality of
•** these (soviet people's)
courts, thero is a general
agreement that they 'weigh
the balance' in favor of the
worker as against the well-
to-do; and (his is defeudt-d
on the ground that lt corresponds to the weighing of
the scale elsewhere."—British rades Union Delegation
Report * on Russia, 1924-25,
page 93.
Workers of Shanghai
Boycott British and
Japanese Made Goods
SHANGHAI — lhe Students-
Union has issued printed warnings
to Chinese merchants not to
handle British or Japanese goods.
The merchants' stocks of such
goods will be confiscated if they
violate the boycott notice.
There are indications that the
workers are becoming resentful of
some Chinese capitalists who are
trying to stop the strike because
it hurts their business although
their own workers are pot on
strike. This has caused an extension of the strike to'6,000 silk mill
workers, who walked out because
their bosses were trying to get the
general strike broken up.
The boycott officially slated to
begin on August 1, is beginning to
have a serious effect on British
and Japanese trade in many of
the citfes. Some students are not
stopplnfe. with the British and Japanese. iAs • the British-American
Tobacco company has great stores
of cigarettes in China, students
have been busy burning them
when Jbund in,stores. They go up
in Smoke but by way of bonfires.
In many cases where British and
Japanese have been forced to
leave, the Chinese are demonstrating their feelings by completely
tearing down the houses these enemies occupied, to exterminate the
memory of .-their  residence there.
Wage War Looms in
_% American Coal Fields
I SCRANTON, Pa.—(FP; — Uniorf
plumbers of Scranton end their
two months' atrike with wage inj
creases of _5 cents per d*iy, takin
effect immediately, another raise t*
come Jan. 1. 1926. Plumbers and
steamfltters are getting JJ a day]
and asked _or $10.
ATLANTIC CITY.—Responsibll-
' for the' expected strike of 155,-
union anthracite miners, Sep-
Mfeiber 1, is placed on the operators by President John L. Lewis,
United Mine Workers Union.
H[ regret," said Lewis, "that the
wfcge negotiations with the operates were unsuccessful. However,
no other result could be expected
■hen representatives of the op-
ersitors entered the conference un-
lronclad instructions to concede
hing whatever to the miners.
had hoped the conference
Id reach an agreement. We
jttttjjwant ah agreement, so that the
__..— mfly continue to operate'and
en be steadily employed,
ore than 600 anthracite coal
s are killed every year in acts, and more than 20,000 are
isly injured. Men who take
risks are entitled to a wage
ratefjthat will enable them to meet
the-over-increasing cost of living,
Md iay aside something against
tune and old age. There is
bg unreasonable ln such dents, and they must be granted."
aaratlons for the strike that
ahead are going on. Page Two
Friday, August 14, 1925
A Page for the Man on the Land
Soviet Youth Study
Scientific Farming
(By Carl Brannin, Federated
Press Correspondent.)
AyTOSCOW.—There nre three
.thousand young men and women enrolled in the National College ot Agriculture at Moscow. Before the revolution there wero only
600. Whereas iii' other countries**
farming has little to offer the coming generation, here tlio youuy
worker u'nd peasant sees a limitless
field Willi adequate individual reward and progress through machinery, cooperation-1 nnd efficient
methods rebounding to thc benefit
of all the people of the republic.
The secretary of the student
trade union section says the new
slogan of the Communist Party of
Face Toward the Village will help
an increasing interest in the scientific study oi agriculture. All
the agricultural colleges (there are
one ur more in each, affiliated republic; will reflect this stimulus
in larger ..enrollments. • /
Thc Moscow Institution
Iii tlio Moscow institution are
. three departments, agronomy, jec
onomics and engineering. The first
relatc-3 to soil culture, plant breed
ing, annual husbandry, fisheries,
forestry, etc.; tha aecond to co-op
eration, organization, rural institutions, education; the third j to
builoing, irrigation, machinery utilization and farm mechanics. E^ch
student in the four-year course ^ias
two years general work and the
last two years in his chosen department. There are 1,647 enriol-
led for agronomy; 612 for economics and 874 for engineering.
Most of the women students specialize in horticultural and garden
work. '
Peasant Students
The majority of the students are,
peasants or the children otopeas-
ants, the next largest number come
from homes of workers. When
they arrive they are urged to become members of trade unions in
on of six sections, workers of fields
and forest, metal workers, miners
(peat cutting), builders, foodwork-
ers, sugarworke'rs. Ninety-five per
cent, of the students belong to one
of these sections. Thirty-five per
cent, are members bf the Communist party, 25 per cent, belong to
the Young Communist league. The
students are represented on all
faculty committees and the board
of management usually In the ratio
of one student, to two professors.
Relations betweeft teachers and
students are cordial. Many professors had been in thorough sympathy with the revolution from (the
*  Guns Into Ploughshare. *.«.
Upon   graduation   studejjte
sent  to  demonstration  far«rt(i
periment stations and schodjjP*
their vacation periods they Aft
quired   to   work   in   close  O0«iao^
with the peasants.   The toll«gi
experimental fields and a fUrm
600   acres   with   a   well   ei
dairy.   All sorts of farm m
and  implements are  on  hai
study and experiments; and<
mechanical   laboratory   and»${ v
new  devices are being  devifti l^A?
Atractor made in exact dup. ~
of   the   Fordson   by   the jgj|
Metal Works at Leningrad
Money Lenders Fleece Farmers
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press Industrial Editor.)
PWRMEKS get a far lower rate
of return for their capital and
management combined than they
are forced to pay the organized
money power for capital-' loaned
t*> them. Tills Is the story ofithc
1921-25 agricultural balance sheet
cast up by the- department of agriculture. It is the fnrmers' annual report, revealing the way the
food producers of the country are
exploited to feed tlie huge cities
that serve commercial capital.
The Mortgage Company
The outside moneylender who
provides the other capital required by farmers as the mortgage
curse extends assumes no responsibility for production. Yet he got
6.4 per cent, interest while the
farmer with full responsibility se-
Income from Farms-
Gross  cash  income.....  $9,777,000,000
Food and  fuel  2,359,000,000
cured only 4.1 per cent, for both
management and capital.
Gross Income
Gross income from agriculture
for the year ended June 30, 1925,
amounted to $12,136,000,000, a
gain of about 7% per cent, over
the previous year. The*.increase
in expense of operation was
slight. The net farm income showed* an increase of $725,000,000, or
14% per cent. It is this increaso
which has enabled the press to
broadcast propaganda concerning
the farmer's prosperity.
Farmers Get Skinned
But the following figures from
the government's annual report
show that this gain is based on
so poor a condition that it falls
far short of placing the farm population even with the game:
Total  income 12,136,000,000
Expense of production  6,486,000,000
Net  income  5,650,000,000
Interest   on   loans      784,000,000
Farmers'  net  income  4,866,000,000
Labor of farmer and* family plus
taxes    2,938,000,000
Net for farmers' management and
capital    $1,928,000,000
The food and fuel item represents food and fuel, consumed on
the farm where it is produced.
The labor of the* farmer and his
family is charged for at the regular rate fop-agricultural labor.
Total Capital) Invested
The total capital invested in agriculture is estimated by the department at $59,154,000,000 *in
1924-25, and at $59,548,000,000
the preceding year. Farm indebtedness amounted to $12,250,000,-
000, being approximately the same
in   both  years.    But  the  interest
farmers  were  forced to  pay fell
slightly   from   an  average  of 6.6
per  cent, in   1923-24  to   6.4 per
cent, last year.
The capital owned by actual
farm operators, according to the
department, was $4t>, 904,000,000
lh 1924-26, and:; $47>*298,000,000
the,preceding year. Thus the return" -received by - farmers irose
from 2.5 per cent, in 1923-24 to
4.1 per cent, last year. This income is all the farmer gets for
both managerial service and for
the use of his capital.
MEMPHIS, Tenn.—Because he
refused to work overtime after
working 12 hours in a sawmill,
James William was beaten to death
by the boss. William worked in a
sawmill across the Mississippi in
Arkansas. He had been working
12 hours and refused to work longer. The boss became angry and
beat William with a stick, holding a pistol on him until he became unconscious. He was found
dead the next morning in bed when
the doctor arrived.
1st gun factory)  is in use on the
Rye patches were seen, under
scientific plowing and with good
seeds producing 224 lbs. per acre
The average peasant produces 67
lbs. per acre. Oats on the experimental plots yield 266 libs, per
acre where the peasant gets only
53. A group of SO peasant men
and women were seen in the dairy
barn listening to the explanations
of a student instructor, clad in a
bathing suit. These people had
come from a province 126 miles
American Investments
Show Speedy Growth
(By Leland Olds, Federated Press
Staff Correspondent)
Rapid growth of the American
investment empire in the first halt
of 1925 is reflected in the summary of American foreign loans
published by the U. S. department
of commerce. The par value of
foreign securities taken by American investors in that period amounts to $551,59l",000 an Increase
of 45 per cent, over the same per-
ior of 1924 when our capitalists
invested $379,700,000 abroad.
This is of immense importance
to American labor because such
investment means the development
of industry abroad to compete with
those at home while the profits
eventually flow to America in the
form of goods.
So this is the paper you have
been wanting? Prove it by supporting it with your subscription
and those of your neighbors and
Strikebreakers Use
Tombstone Names To
Rob the Government
NEW YORK—Another . chapter
has been added to the unsavory
history of strike-breaking: detective
In 1920, during the so-called
"outlaw" railroad strike, John J.
Ascher, head of the Ascher Detective agency, was hired by the New
York Central to furnish guards
for its property.
This was during the six months'
guarantee period following the return of the railroads-to their owners, when the U,. S. government'
was guaranteeing the operating
expenses and the profits of the
The sums charged the railroads
were so excessive as to arouse the
suspicions of the government's auditors. An investigation disclosed
conditions which caused the Department of Justice to bring criminal charges against Ascher in the
Federal court in Buffalo, ew York.
It is alleged that a scheme was
hatched between the Ascher company and certain members of the
New York Central police force,
whereby the detective agency was
permitted to pay the pay rolls by
the addition of hundreds of fictitious names, or of the names of
men who rendered no service during the strike.
Some of these names, It is said,
were taken from tombstones,   j
As a result of this conspiracy,
the Ascher company is alleged!to
have overoharg*'d the New York
Central about $300,000, and as the
government wi^s guaranteeing the
company's expenses and profits,,
this money came out of the ,U. S.
A fighting labor press can't be
built by wishing. Send In your
sub today.
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Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 Metropolitan Bldg.
Vancouver Turkish Baths, pacific
Bldg., 744 Hastings St. W.
HASKINS  &   ELLIOTT,   800   Pender
Street W. The best makes of bicycles
on easy terms.
H. Harvey, 68 Cordova St. W.
Empire Cafe, 76 Hastings St.;B.
Hannah Lund, 924 Birks Bldg., gives
instant relief; evenings by appointment.
Sey.  1213.
Phono Sey. 7137
Dr.   W.  J.   Curry,   301   Dominion
Red Star Drug Store,  Cor.  Cor-
dova and Carrall.	
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd., 48 Has-
tlngs St. E.	
Cordova St. W„ few doors west of
Woodward's. Sey. 8687. Wholesale and
retail window glass.
Hotel   Stratford,   Gore   Ave.   and
Grandview Hospital—Medical, surg-
ioal, maternity. 1090:. Victoria Drive.
High.  137. ,   _. *1_
Famous  Cloak   &• Suit   Co.,    619
Hastings West.
Hudsons Bay Coy.,  Granville St.
W.   B.   Brummitt,   18-20   Cordova
Arthur Frith & Co., 2313 Main St.
C. D. Bruco Ltd., Homer and Hastings Streets.
W. ' B. Brummitt, 18-20 Cordova
V paired, by expert. Will Edmunds,
90S Robson  St.    Sey.  2094.
Pitman Optical House,  615 Hastings West.
Gregory   &   Reid,    117   Hastings
Street East.
V4 St., 3. large photos, 81 with ad.
Extra photo free.
Canada Pride Range Co., 346 Hastings Street East.
Mainland Cigar Store, 310 Carrall
C. E. Heard, 959 Robson Street.
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings St. Eait, Sey. 988-672     666 GranvUle Street   Sey. 9518-1391
151  Hastings  Street West... Sey. • 1370
= IT PAYS — Friday, August 14, 1925
Page Thre.
Australia Looks Good
To British Capitalism
(By W. Francis Ahern, Federated
Press Correspondent)
SYDNEY, Australia — British
capital, unable to find profitable
investment in Britain, is invading
Australia. As a first move half a
million unemployed British workers are to be thrown into Australia within 10 years and huge
sums of British capital are to be
The British capitalists believe
that with Australia's vast resources, plus the introduction of British industrial methods—forcing
down wages, lengthening hours,
smashing arbitration and the introduction of the openshop*—they
can niake Australia a vast Industrial workshop, returning a huge
The Capitalist Game
This gigantic scheme to exploit
Australia was arranged at the
economic conference held at London in October, 1923. The moving
spirits ' were the Federation of
British Industries, an organization
of 18,000 capitalists with an aggregate capital of $25,000,000,000;
the British Empire Development
Association, and the leading bankers of Great Britain. ■■
The capitalists are losing out in
Great Britdih and are unable to
regain their prewar position. Now
Australia is to be the happy hunting ground of the profiteers of
Britain, who have for their ultimate objective the turning of
Australia Into a sweatshop for
British capitalism.
Subscribe to The Advocate
California Baptists
War on Evolution
(By Federated Press)
SAN FRANCICO— After a vigorous fight on the. Part of the Science League of America, the state
board of education finally listed
all BOience text-books whose elimination was sought by the fundamentalists.
The board has, howeva**. held to
its ruling that evolution must be
taught "as a theory, not as a fact,"
and local school boards are enforcing this rule "even in private
conversation between pupil and
teacher." Both an iniative measure and a'bill'in 'the legislature
are planned by the fundamentalist forces. -
Say you saw it advertised in the
Stay at the
The Place Called Home
Corner GORE ATE. and
Phone 'Sey. 6121
200  Elegantly  Furnished
60 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate**. Prices
Military Training
Issue in University
(By Federated Press)
BOSTON—Bishop Anderson of
the Methodist church, acting president of Boston University, ls
having trouble denying reports of
a coming shake-up in the faculty
of the university due to opposition
of certain professors of the College
of Business Administration to
Dean Everett W. Lord's requirement that military training shall
be compulsory for those physically
qualified and shall count towards
a degree. Earlier in the year
student opposition to the R.O.T.C,
(Reserve Officers' Training Corps)
found expression in a satirical
issue of the Beanpot, student publication, ridiculing college militarism and editorially intimating
that the university got $5.98 a
head from the War Department
for inducting students into the
unit., Dean Lord had Miss Henrietta Perkins kicked off the Bean-
pot editor's desk and resentment
has been bubbling up since. Governor Alvln T. Fuller, conservative
Republican and open shop man,
was recently elected to the university board of trustees.
Central Labor Body
Flays World Court
MILWAUKEE—(FP)—International bankers' are behind the
■scheme of the world court, an adjunct Of the league of nations, ir
the unanimous opinion of the Milwaukee Federated Trades Council
Secretary Frank Kelly's report
against the plan was adopted. It
said "the World Court is simply
another international moneylenders' scheme to Inveigle the nations into a general protective
movement to permit them to con-
tine their nefarious • system of exploitation."
Thirty-four Communists were
convicted at' Grodno of "plotting
against the State." One was sent
to .jail- for 12 years, three to six
years, four to four years, six to
three years and the rest to two
and one and a half years in jail.
Thirty-eight others were acquitted.
On the same day, at Cracow, General Cziekiel, commander of tht
garrison, was convicted of giving
"hasty orders" to fire on strikers
many of whom were murdered).
He got three months in prison'!
His subordinate officers, who did
Oxe actual killing, were given four
days in jail!
30,000 railroad workers in Germany will soon be dismissed as a
matter of economy. Announcement of the proposed wholesale
lay-off of these tens of thousands
of workers has been made by the
German Railway Administration.
The total number of workers now
employed by the railways ln Germany Is 765,000. When the axe
falls one out of every 25 workers
employed on the railways will lose
his job permanently.
Desperate Struggle
In U. S. Coal Strike
(By Federated Press)
ATLANTIC CITY — Organi. ers
from the northern West Virginia
coal fields report to United Mine
Workers officials attending the
coal conference here the following
conditions in the strike zone: Ten
to twenty thousand men striking;:
families of 1.200 miners living in
barracks, evicted from company
'houses; Injunctions issued against
wives, daughters and mothers of
miners, with 1,000 of these nrrest-
'ed to date; as many as 2.000 arrests of men and women in o
;sing;le dav. the same pickets sometimes arrested two nnd three time--
In the same dav. Tn short th"
[conditions of Logan county m-p
jbeing repeated in the noi-the1-*1
field. For the entire state tbo
union has been defendant in 5.00"
law suits In the last 17 months.
WHEELING, West Va.—Five
tent colonies for families of striking miners in the West* Virginia
panhandle district are to be erected at Moundsville, Colliers, Wells-
burg, Warwoodand Richland by
the United Mine*Workers' Union.
Send In Tour Subscription Today.
..CTOVES AND RANGES, both -malleable and
~ Steel, McClary's, Fawcett's, Cailfda^Pride,
installed.'frcie by eftpefts; satisfaction •guaranteed.Cash or $2.00 per week;
Canada Pride Range Company Limited
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Mussolini has thrown a sop to
the women of Italy by forcing a
measure through his pocket Parliament giving the women a vote.
But he was careful to confine it to
municipal elections. They are not
going to be given a chance to express themselves on national affairs. He assured his Parliament
that he did not think there -war
any danger from such a step "at
the Italian women had always
shown themselves discreet."
. A terrible famine is reported to
be raging in tlfe Chinese Province
of Szeehwan. . Other areas are also
'undergoing great hardship. Ten
million people are affected, and
of this huge number 200,000 critically. Last year's food stocks were
exhausted some time ago. and people are dying on the doorsteps and
roadways. Many try to escape, but
.too weak, perish on the xyay.
'Others eat grass and herbs and
anything they can get.
According to M. Michael Frunze,
the strength of the Russian R'ed
Army,Is 562,000, as against* 1,500,-
000 men In * the pre-war .Czarist
army. M. Frunze pointed out that
ln Russia there were 27 soldiers
for every 600 miles of frontier,
while Poland had nn average .of
700 soldiers for n similar distance
For every 10,000 inhabitants In
Russia there were 41 soldiers
while In other European States
the average was 103.
Hindu Labor Chief
Has Fighting Record
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK—Leading strikes of
the organized workers and serving
terms in jail for his labor activities
marked the apprenticeship of
Gupta, new president of the Bengal Swaraj (Independence) Party
and the Bengal Trade Union Congress, say the Friends of Freedom
for India. Gupta's carrer closely
parallels that of the late C. R. Das,
whose posts In Bengal he succeeds
In April, 1921, he organized the
Burman Oil workers at Chlttagong
and led a big strike, going to jail
when he refused to obey a British
magistrate's order, equivalent to
an injunction, against holding
strike meetings or parading. After
winning this strike Gupta organized a walkout of 14,000 employees
of the Assam-Bengal railway,
again going to prison, this time
for three months.
Alarmed at the firmness with
which   the   building   workers   are
tkeeping tn the 44-hour week,* the
iLondon Master Builders have called a conference to consider the
matter, and take steps to force the
dispute to an Issue. -The men havp
already   emohatlcallv   declined   to
iwork 46% hours a week, nnd will
offer the stoutest resistance to nil
'efforts ta make them do so.
Trade . TTn'on • membei'shin
throughout Mexico, .his lumne*i
from R00.O10 to about 1.500.000
s1npp tb*=-* plppHn*..-Vff Opnern. i~*o**\ts.
\trs *ti*e Prpq^.p-n—' cf the *renubll*-
Trad? Union officials are heerln-
Jnlne to scrutinize nnl'pnnts tn
make sure that tbe lionn-flde
movement shall not be over-diluted
by seekers for political power.
Bethlehem Steel Co.
Now Pleads Poverty
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK—Arguments that
Bethlehem Steel Corporation is
poor and that resignations of
three of its chief executives will
prevent reductions In wages of 10.-
000 employes fall flat beside reports of wage cuts of 10 per cent
for 2,000 workers at the Coates-
vllle, Pa., plant of Lukens Steel
Co., a Bethlehem subsidiary. Lukens laid off 400 workers besides.
Surplus of $1,940,539 was reported by Bethlehem Steel last
December. The corporation is
second onlv to United States Steel
in size. It denies that Internal
management difficulties brought
the executives' resignations. Bethlehem Steel is being sued for 11
to 15 million dollars In the U. S.
district court at Philadelphia for
alleged overpayment on wnr contracts.
THtdi Bankers Face
New Perils: Cemeterv
Workers Organize
CHICAGO.^-The first union of
cemetery workers, said to be the
first of its kind in the' United
States* has been given a charter by
the American Federation of Labor,
and has approximately 1,0.00 members.
The Union was formed in Chicago by Frank Murphy.
More than 2,000 members will
belong to.the organization If most
of the cemeterv workers about
Chicago decide to join, according
to Mr. Murphy. Tt Includes grave
diggers, attendants, caretakers.
landscape gardeners and all others
| who are employed In cemeteries.
The almsnf the organizntion nr"
to ohtnin an increase In wages and
shorter working days. The cemetery, employees .now get from
J4.75 to XR.40 a day nnd work nlnP
and a half hours.
BHcklavers Walk Out
In Plasterers? Dispute
NEW, YORK TT-fFP! — Twentv
million*, dollars, worth , nfr huildlnr
construction Is tied un hv the
hricklavers -unlnn* strike In Its
latest* move^awinst. the plasterers
union. , Strikes, nre in* force on thp
iobs of the fSeorsre A. Fuller Cr,
and the T.* A. Clar Co. The hripl--
lavers sa-v that their strlkp |r fot,:.
cause-pertain contractors signed
with thp nlnstprers. The two
unions are wan-Ins- over lurisdle-
tional arrangements' which brokp
down when their 1911 agreemen'
was abrogated.
Industrial Magnates
Robbing the Cradle
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK.—Apprenticeship is
passing. Specialization is changing
industry. So says the National
Child Labor Committee in its latest
review of the child labor situation.
It states that; fey,,,children- who
have once left school for work go
back to school and;that fewer children are enter'.ng jobs which have
a future. It offers aid to al! who
are really interested -In protecting
children as a challenge to those
who voted down the national child
labor amendment on the grounds
that lt would not he necc.-sary because of local action.
The Claws of Capitalism
"There is going to be a reaching
out for the children again by industry," the committee assort... "It
will be a rationalized employment,
tricked out with all the ueirii-
scientific popularizations of the
new psychology." Watch out for
the buncombe that says, "The habits of work are useful" nnd that
children "will go back to school
with renewed zeal and understanding" of the value of work" or '.e-
come unusually prosperous your?
business men", the commltte**.
warns. In the whole United States
there are 76,125 children between
10 and 13 years old working, not
counting those on "home farms".
Only 5% of the children under 16
enter occupations having a future.
Industrial Toll in
The Lives of Workers
NEW YORK—(FP) — Industry
killed 171 workers In New York
state ln June. Of those 102 WPi-e
killed in New York city. As usual
falls of various kinds were resnou-
slble for many deaths. Food Industries took 13 workers' lives.
Nine died as result of strains lu
handling materials. Poisonous
substances and occupational diR-
pases are responsible for 4 fatalities. Three workers dipd from
striking their heads ngainst projections. Carcinoma of the limes
paused by "continual pounding and
leaning against a.. dummv block"
[killed Ji straw hat maker. Bull .-
ing construction workera w ir?
most numerous among thos?
killed by falls.
Class Chivalry Is Not
I Wanted in IT.S. Strikes
(By Federated Press)
striking thread workers were fined
$25 each on charges of Interfering
'with an officer and one of them
given $25 additional fine and i5
;days in jail on charges of carrying
a concealed weapon. The men
Jwere two of a crowd which surrounded a state police trooper
when he attempted to arrest a
woman striker during the strikers'
parade. The worker who had the
^alleged weapon says that tlm piece
of broom handle he used for
measuring wood cut for his family. He Is appealing the cnso. The
strike against the American Thread
Co. Is 21 weeks old.
'* NEW YORK—(FP)—Damages
'of {500 are allowed the International- Ladles Garment Workers
'Union by impartial chairman Raymond V. Ingersoll, ngainst H. Dru-
sln & Co. because of the firm's
secret agreements with employes
to pay less thnn regular wage
scales for holidays and overtime.
Workers are denied back pay.
For live readable ne-vs nf thn
farmer-labor movement i'<---*_ TTIR
Friday, August 14,1925
£<£ctonftC <rpa^
Address All Letters  a)nd
.Remittances to the Editor
■3% (Eanafctatt ffiahnr Aimontf?
1139 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C.
Book Rttiiew
The First Time in History
■piJSSIAN industries are not run
In the same way.as the industries of other countries. For one
thing, they are nearly aU government owned and controlled, and to
a great extent this is only another
way of saying they are owned and
controlled hy the people. The people who work, that is.
In Russia they call their way of
doing things State Capitalism.
They do not pretend it is communism, but they claim that it is a
step toward communism. Communism is Russia's near-future
goal; the system she hopes to build
np—until something better than
socialism or communism evolves.
Rut meantime the basic industries are organized in great Interlocking trusts, much the same as
in this country. In every other
country the profit goes to the few.
and the few who haven't earned lt.
In Russia the profit ls primarily
devoted to the industry; ultimately
therefore lt goes to the people.
Russia has her "trade unions, oi
course, hut whereas in so many
countries trade unions only serve
to conciliate the workers, with the
non-workers and help perpetuate
the system, in Russia thc trade
unions are, next to the government,
tlie strongest organization. To
quoto from the authoress: "These
trade unions are entitled to know
aU the inner secrets of the busi
ness; any citizen ls entitled to
know, for they aire public affairs."
Trade unions are not concerned
primarily with the question of
wages, for while they con and do
insist on reasonable wages, they
are also concerned with the ex*
pension of industry itself.
In most other countries the
workers are privileged to criticize
those who own them, providing
they stop at mere criticism. Capitalism can afford to take no notice; a little hotr air hurts no one;
even revolutionary talk is healthy.
But in Russia the workers are a
factor to he reckoned with, and
neither those who are sent to help
govern nor those who manage Industry can afford to ignore the
voice of the people.
The Communist Party is the soul
of Russia, for humanity has not
yet advanced to the point where
everyone has developed the social
conscience. The ultimate responsibility rests neither with the Work
ers' Committee nor with the Man
ager, but with the Communist
group in each plant; some of these
nre in the management and the
rest are scattered* as workers
through the plant. They have no
direct control, but theirs is the
moral responsibility of making
Stato Industry succeed. Rut lt is
rather difficult to talk ahout moral
responsibility in highly civilized
capitalist countries, where the only
recognized responsibility in Indus
try and commerce ls one of dollars
and eents. :.■ •■*. ■ * * .
(To be continued.)        *
Capitalism is based, upon the exploitation of the working class, and
when the working class ceases to
be exploited there will no longer be
any capitalists.—Eugene V. Debs.
I never could believe that Providence had sent a few men into
the world ready booted and spurred to ride, and millions ready
saddled and bridled to be ridden.—
R. Rumbold.
rpHE FOREST INCENDIARIES—the logging operators-
have done their work well. The stifling smoke pall that
enshrouds the B. C. coast from Alert Bay to the International
Boundary, the charred and blackened hillsides, denuded of
soil and vegetation to the bare, rock, bears mute testimony to
their vandalist proclivities and their insatiable greed. Up and
down the coast, wherever logging operations are being carried
on, the forests are blazing and the orgy of destruction proceeds apace. One would almost think that their profit-hungry,
destructive methods of removing the timber was wasteful
enough, but there are no depths of social iniquity to which
this motley crew of plunderers will not sink in their efforts to
get rich quick. That a few million feet of timber goes up in
smoke concerns them but liUHe. When one claim is burned
up the -.provincial government?, with magnanimous generosity,
will give them another to despoil in like fashion,. When last
election was on they were careful to put up sufficient representation to see that this wasjdone.
• •      •      •      •
■T1HE DAILY PRESS, intend upon shielding its benefactors
by casting suspicion in another direction, has now launched
a campaign against the workers of British Columbia, charging
them with starting the forest fires in an effort to secure employment. In this, it is reported, they are being ably assisted
by the political hangers-on the government has appointed to
act as fire wardens. That workingmen should be accused of
starting a forest fire in order to get a job putting it out at
twenty-five cents an hour is truly a sad commentary on the
numerous glowing tales, broadcasted every day by the daily
press, of the untold opportunities this province offers every
hard and willing worker to become rich in a few years. If
the daily prosperity song is correct, then obviously no one
would burn up a forest, swallow blinding smoke and risk his
life in order to collect $2.00 per day. If the incendiary
slanders are true, then the prosperity tales must be a myth.
Either way convicts our newsmongers and opinion-moulders
of being ordinary penny-ante liars.
• .   *      •      •/"..'•
WANTON DESTRUCTION is the policy pursued by the lumbermen in logging the forests of this province. When
they finish logging a claim half the timber remains on it,
not standing so that it can grow, but torn down, smashed,
and left lying on the ground to rot. This because the local
market can not absorb all the lower grades, and only the
higher grades can be exported.' It is not a question of securing lumber for the use of the populace, but of exploiting
the forests so that a handful of profit-hungry camp owners
can amass a few thousand dollars as rapidly as possible. This
in our day and generation is called good business and building up the country. Wherever logging is being carried on
there exists a veritable fire trap. The debris which litters
the ground to a depth of several hundred feet cannot, help
but burn. No real effort for fire prevention is made, because
it would not be profitable. And now, in the face of their
numerous acts of vandalism, they have the brazen audacity
to accuse the workers of this province of destroying the
forests in order to get a job.
Labor ls its own bond slave.-
pROCODILE TEARS pour from The Vancouver Province
^ over the destruction going on in the woods. The editor
wails over the paucity of his vocabulary when he tries to
describe the iniquitous worker, who, in order "to earn a few
paltry dollars," would start a bush fire. Says The Province:
["The man is either a criminal or a lunatic, and in either case
jit is madness to leave him at large." It certainly is madness,
■but The Province would be th« last ,to call for the impeachment of the really. guilty persons—the lumbermen. Every
large fire burning today has begun in the vicinity of logging
operations. The forests are beitog burned because it is cheaper
for the lumbermen to let them* burn than take adequate precautions. But the destruction that is taking place in the
forests of B. .C. is no worse than the general destructive
methods of capitalist industry. Certainly it would not be
tolerated under any sane social system, and The Provinee,
as an upholder of capitalism and a panderer to the great god I
Profit, is equally guilty with the lumbermen.
Ourselves and Our Critics
A RECENT issue of "The Labor
Statesman" states an allegation is being made that this journal is "a communist organ, although up to the present it has
not shown its true colors."
We are indebted to our contemporary for the information. We
had not previously heard it, and
seeing we do not know anyone
with a vision sufficiently keen and
penetrating to detect the nature
of a thing before it displays manifestations; we hesitate to venture
a conjecture .as to who originated
the tale, but presume it comes
from the same source as the story
that we are receiving a dole from
Liberal heelers.
It is characteristic of those incapable of independent analysis to
classify the unknown new with the
known old. It matters not to thei:i
that this classification may be Inaccurate. It ls the simplest and
easiest method, It satisfies their
curiosity, and enables them to retain their mental complacency.
Even the Queen Charlotte Islands
sea serpent had to have "eyes like
an  automobile's headlights."
We have had in the past socialist, socialist labor, liberal labor,
and even conservative labor publications. One and all they espoused some particular political
or economic faith. Now when a
paper that publishes the news of
all factions and the opinions of
none apepars on the scene, being
a departure from the orthodox
rule, it is immediately labelled, by
the mentally hog-tled, as a communist plot, or a product of Liberalism's malodorous cesspool.
This paper is NOT a communist
publication. There ls but one communist organ printed ln Canada—
The Worker, published in Toronto.
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE is a newspaper publishing
local, national and international
news of the labor movement. We
will publish any brand of news
affecting the well being of the
working clfliss whether it be socialist, communist, or trade union.
All we insist upon is that it be
news. We have no quarrel with
journals of opinion. They have a
place to fill, and doubtless have a
necessary function. Experience !s
the great teacher, and a knowledge of the efforts and struggles
of labor In other places is a necessary part of the education of Canadian workers.
" In our first issue we tried to
make clear the simple fact that
our especial forte would be publishing news of the labor movement, but apparently even an ordinary truth like that was more
than some people were able to
comprehend. However, their lack
of brains is no fault of ours, but
we heartily assure them of our
sympathy. '
As for the accusation that we
have not shown our true colors,
we can assure those who are so
interested in us that we have
neither mental prostitutes nor
Presbyterian hypocrites hanging
around the fringes. We have nothing to gain by "sailing under
gospel colors, just for a screen."
That can be well left to those who,
under the pretext of moving with
the times, are so well used to
changing their opinions to suit the
exigencies of j,(thft -jmoment. We
.have no stomach for such morsels.
Bank Clerks' Strike
Halts French Loans
. It is because of the.existing Injustices and the utter Inability of
private ownership to satisfy the
aspirations of our people and the
necessities, of thepublic that th9
agitation for nationalization must
go ceaselessly forward.—A. .1. Cook
(secretary British Miners' Federa-
PARIS, France.—The strike of
the bank clerks has become general and Finance Minister Caillaux
admits that the new government
fonr per cent, loan has been Interfered with by the strike.
The bank clerks, who demand a
fifteen per cent. Increase ln wages,
have forced Caillaux to agree to
meet a delegation of the strikers
which he at first refused to do.
The employees of the Credit
Lyonnals, one of the largest banks
in France, appeared at the bank
doors in the morning, but instead
of going to their desks, marched
in a body to the headquarters of
the trade union to join the strikers.
The probabilities are that the
well-meaning old coots who cheerily inform us every few minutes
that hard work never kills, never
worked very hard themselves, and
never intend to.—"Ohio State Journal."
—Meeti leeond Mondty in tk* month.
Preildent, J. R. White; lecretary, R. H
Neelandi.    P. 0. Box 66. eWWWl
111, tit Pender St. Weit. Bnilnm
meeting! lit snd Srd Wedneidiy even-
inn. R. H. Neeltndi, Chairman; E. R.
Morriion, Sec-Treei.; Annul Mtelnnli,
8544 Prlnee Edward Street, Vtneonver,
B.O., Corresponding Secretary.
Any dlitrlet In Brltlih Columbia de-
•Irlng Information re eeenrlng ipetkert
or the formttlon of loctl brtnehei, hint*
Iy eommunlctte with Provlncltl Beerettry ,1. Lyle Telford, 514 Birki Bid*.,
Vtneonver, B.O. Telephone Beymour
18(3, or Btyvlew 6880.	
Meeti ucond Thnndty every month
In Holden Bnildinc. Preildent, J. Bright-
well; flntneltl secretary, H. A. Bow
ron, 761 18th Ave. But.	
tint tnd third Fridays In eteh month
tt 448 Rlchtrdi itreet. Preildent, Stvtl
Cuthlll, 185S Albert itreet; leorettry-
tretmrer, Oeo. Htrrlion, 11(1 Ptrker
—Loctl 883—Meet! every Wedneidiy
tt 8 p.m., Room 806, Holden Bnildinc*
Preildent, Ohtrlei Priee; bnilneii tgenl"
tnd flntneltl iecretary, F. L. Hnnt; recording leerettry, J. T. Venn.	
UNION, Loctl 145, A. F. ef M.—
Meeti ln O.W.V.A. Htll, Seymonr tnd
Pender Streetl, second Snnday it 10
a.m. Preildent, E. C. Miller, 001 Mel-
son street; secrettry. E. A. Jamleson,
091 Nelion itreet; financial iecretary,
W. E. Williams, 001 Nelion itreet; er-
saniier, F. Fletcher, 001 Nelion itreet.
UNION OF CANADA—Headquartera
at Roomi 5, 6 tnd 7, Flack Building,
168 Haitingi Street W„ Vanconver, B.O.
Tel. Sey. 8606. Preildent, Robert Them;
Vice-President, Divld Ollleiple; See'y
Treunrer, Wm. H. Donaldion. Vlctorit
Brtnch, Room 11, Oreen Block, Brotd
Street, Vlctorit, B.O.   Phone 1006.
Preildent. R. P. Pettlplece; vlee-prei-
Ident, O. F. CtmpbeU; secretary-treti-
urer, R. H. Neeltndi, P.O. Box 66.
MeeU Itit Sundty of etch month it 8
p.m. In Holden Building, 16 Hutlngi t.
UNION. No. 418—Preildent, 8. D.
Maedonald; secretary- treaiurer, J. M.
Campbell, P.O. Box 680. Meeta lut
Thunday ef each month.
Eatmr Afcttorat*
With Whieh Is Incorporated
By ttl Ltbor TnbUiltfi Os.
BuiUiu  aid Bditorltl  Offls*,'.."■*
1181 Howe It.
 ;       ■ .*. *i.ea* .teem** ' i ins.yiV.^
The Canadian Labor Advocate ii. a non-
factional weekly newspaper, giving newt
tst the farmer-labor movement In action.
Subscription  Ratal:  United  Statu  aal -
foreign,  83.50 per year;  Otatdi,  88
par yetr, 91 tat aix non tin toutoaa
aubi«ar!bta_f ia a Wdy, Ut pn ■«■•
bir  pir  month.
Member Thi Federal!* Prin ud Tk*
British Laber Ttaat Lugust H: 192.5,
Page Five
aid Unemployment
JEFFERSON pnce sal 4
Hon is a medicine neces-
he health of a! nation-.*'
of present conditions,
not have added more
r for the protection  of
and family.
Jons rise and fall when
rish, when people lose
on, and nations ' decay
much or too little.-
g conditions from one
lis country--to the other
mpted to ask how long
an continue 'to* endure a
nder which'her children
the bare necessities of
Work For All But Father
>oman must get into the
ivement, and take her
responsibility goes with-
ig. The .making of the
(the work of both man
lan. Women must fight
her historic ancestors did,
,ve her children. from the
' prey in the jungle, but
ts of prey In the present
I system,. namely adult
.ment on the one hand,
1 labor, with its dally toll
mortality.on the other,
frequently, worse than the
if the jungle,
as achieved wonders in
building up Industry, har-
tnd controlling the forces
e; in transportation, agr
and warfare, but he has
levised a system whernbv
y may he fed, arid him-
oui of the bread line.
res ln face of abundance;
,ds his' home in crowded
s within sight "of    open
He cowers and cringes,
ils forefathers did' before
jiown dangers of .thie for-
ne thufl9ejp..an^,j|ghtnirig,;
re a man Uke > himself,
In  his ^Ig^braWc'e,  he  has
to rule .over him...  <
now ip the busy    season
still walk the streets in
i. work.;'What nke win it
11 the-harvest-Is over?
these men have helped to
Iranarlesthey •w'lll-go hun-
ugh they haye, conquered
d and the- storm, like a
hout a rudder, they will
aimlessly; and, -hopelessly,
by no man. They will
ortures1 worse than death
I poverty "and. the loss of
mlly and home,
'ssentlal that woman awake
e her place "In- the fight
mi, for : the "'betterment of
of those who.'toll.
-•(By Carl Haessler, Federated
CHICAGO.—The door ls being
pushed open a little fn the
wall of Illinois law that prohibits
child labor under the age of 14.
The gentlemen pushing at the
door are a committee appointed
by William McAndrew, the Big
Business .superintendent of Chicago schools.
McAndrew's    committee    wants
the  schools  to  run  all the year
round  in   5   terms  of   10   weeks
each,   leaving   10  school   days  to
squeeze   In   as   vacations   around
Christmas   and   sometime   in   the
summer.    No   proposition  to  run
the schools Saturday and Sundays
has so far been advanced, but the
arguments    for    a    7-day    week
should be just as convincing.
The child labor angle, which the
committee does not mention in its
plausible  report,   arises  from  the
fact that a child now graduating
at 14 from the elementary school
and going to work under Illinois
law will be able to get the same
amount   of   schooling   under   the
full-year system by the time he is
12 years old.   Then the manufacturers' lobby will argue at Springfield   that   the   child   labor   age
should be lowered from 14 to 12
since the only reason for keeping
it up was to gjye the child at least
an   elementary   education.   Under
the  old scheme  that  was at  14;
the new scheme would give it by
12.     (The  7-day week would  reduce  it still  further  to  under   8.
.Mass Education .
That this Is in the mind of the
.McAndrew1 educators is evident
from their approach to the subject. . Like an employer lobby,
they say: "No Industrial concern
would voluntarily keep its plant
idle for two months each year."
They talk of "securing the largest
educational output," of "mass instruction" and "continuous use of
the school plant."
No Holidays Wanted
They call attention to the opportunity to "finish the present
eight grades of the elementary
school in six years or high school
In three years Instead of four."
That they expect the majority of
the school children and not an
exceptional minority to attend all
the year round Is seen from their
condemnation of the summer vacation as "the most serious interruption the child encounters in
school life."
Ninety-seven per cent, of the
children in Chicago schools come
from worker families, McAndrew
admits. The ultimate purpose of
the all-year school is thus to ship
them into the factories as quickly
as possible.
■   Teachers Affected
Teachers had better look closely
at   the   scheme   also.     It   affords
Supt. McAndrew, who has already
growled about their sick leave, a
fine chance to speed-up and sweat
his subordinates, still further. His
committee   recommends   that
teachers work four terms  of the
all-year   school   on   the   present
wage basis, and that they be paid
25  per  cent,  more  if they  work
the fifth term as well.    It would
not be long before McAndrew or
some    other    "superintendent    of
mass  instruction"   could   call "the
attention of the board of  education to the fact that other workers get only two weeks' vacation
ln   the   year   (lf   any)   arid   that
teachers   are    like    employes    in
other "plants." The fact that some
of   them   were   already   working
fifty  weeks  on   "educational  output"  could be used against them
in    a   recommendation   that    all
teachers  do so,  with the  25   per
cent,  bonus abolished.
Orpheum Notes
Commencing matinee next
Thursday, the. Orpheum Theatre
presents as the headline act, that
of.P.eno and Rochelle, two talented masters of terpslchore, who are
considered America's leading exponents of the Apache. They are
assisted by Deno Brothers and
Dave Herman's band, which makes
the offering a delightful combination of dance, song and music.
I Another pleasing offering is e
clever interpretation of famous
folk of Broadway, by Mr. Frank
De Voe, himself a former musical-
comedy star whose mode of entertainment is so up-to-date that
it is called "1925 Humor In a 1925
One of the cleverest vaudeville
sketches of the year is Joseph B.
Stanely's offering entitled "Waiting." Manuel Vega has been laughed at by all Europe, which to Mr.
Vega's &ay of thinking is an honor,
for he is a patominical acrobat.
Moore and Mitchell, two clever
vaudevilllans, are artists of the
first water. There will be another
act that will please and the usual
pictures and capably arranged
Geo. McCuaig
Phone Sir. 1070
748 Richards Street, Vtncouver, B.O.
Specialist in Trusses for Men, Women,
Children and Infanta
Phons Sey. 8820
050 Bobson Street, Vtncouver, B.O.
23  Tears  Established  in  Vaneoaver
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will  Cure Tour  Rheumatism,  Lum-
.  btgo, Neuritis or Baid Oold
744 Htstings St. W. Phone Sey. 2070
Advertisers are helping us. Reciprocate by buying from them,
and tell them you saw It in the
T ADIE8 who hive been eag-
1— erly waiting to Bee whtt
the Fall Btyles are like will"
soon have an opportunity of
viewing an advance display of
Coats and Dresses. Watch the
windows at the "Famous"—
arrivals of the new garments
are expected to arrive any
•'ay, and Mr. Kostmtn, who
is uow on a buying trip in
the East, reports that this
year the styles are more beautiful and more varied than
Cloak and Suit Co., Ltd.
1319-623 Hastinga Strait West|
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
Phono Sey. 2354 for Appointment
"But what  wealth  then  shall  be
-   left us
When none shall gather gold
To buy his friend in the market
And pinch and pine the sold?
"Nay, what save the lovely city.
And the little house on the hill.
And   the   wastes   and   woodland
And the happy fields we till."
—William Morris.
Pass this  copy to  your shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
continue to pay for this space and so help sustain
Labor Advocate?
It depends on how you act; but answer this question:
Who is more apt to give you an up-to-date, honest and liberal
treatment, the Doctor, Dentist, &c, who through ignorance or
fear of losing "respectable" patronage supports Capitalism, or
they who possess the understanding and courage to break
with their old associations and champion the great "cause of
revolutionary revolt which this journal represents?
Girls Used to Break
The Eight Hour Day
CHICAGO—(FP)—The lockout
by the Gibson Spring Co. of union
machinists who refused to agree
to a 9-hour day has been loaded
against the workers by lnstalaltion
of automatic' power machinery
that displaces skilled experienced
workers with unorganized unskilled girls. The concern, which for
the past ten years paid the highest
wages in the springmaking industry in Chicago, is now lined up
with the openshop forces in the
National Metal Trades Association.
Is time* of .the year,, the
an and other harmless.
ire In their element. For
es and fruits are as cheap
is any; cheaper than many
And the digestive system
i.nderstands not our civil-
indards of values prefers
ft rather than the starchy,
flavored, wrongty '• cooked*
and Instead of the usual dressing
use olive oil.
Economical  Custard
1 pint milk, 1 egg, 1 teaspoonful'
corn starch, 2 tablespoons brown
sugar, vanilla flavoring (if desired.
Beat the egg, sugar and cornstarch together. Bring the milk to
.the boll In a double boiler; add the
other ingredients and cook until
* Cut bananas-  lengthwise, cover
with jam and.pour the boiled cus-
rtilch are. usually consider-   .    .       _-.
•correct *__,.# L A. *_    ;tard on* them;
Indian Trifle
: ..First make boiled ground rice as
..fallows;   1 pint milk;   2   tablespoons ground    rice,    sugar   arid
flavor to taste.    B6ll'  for    eight
minutes.    Tlieh  add' chopped  al-
ables  and -fruits-    contain*
wral -salts sb necessary; to-
moreover,. they, .are coarse
particularly'"-when "eaten
id coarse.foods are.always
ble to the - digestive ''tjracl}.-
ire therefore just '-as- much J.monds or other nuts.
ry to/pe'slfly^ttflift.-sf^he
socialism .or any other ism,
•y good" so^affsOi\owsy,.":"".
are isom* of-the Items ot
U suirlpiei. IgwUl*'':;;-;.
Salad   *
ice,  tomatoes,.- water  cress,
e, cucumherr'celer'y P-hopped
k. sprinkling of lemon juice,
:f-"A'man must stand^ei-ect, not b'6
kept .erect by .'.others.—-Marcus
■The .right arm of Labor is. si
strong press.* Add power to this
arm by subscribing to THE CAN
Diseased Meat Fed
To the British Poor
LONDON—In the House of Commons on Monday, July 13, arising
out of a question regarding the
slaughter of tuberculous cattle
under a new departmental order,
Mr. Will Thorne asked:
"What will become of these animals when they are slaughtered;
will they be burned, or how will
they be disposed of?"
Mr. Herbert Williams (Conservative M.P. for Reading): "Send
them to the West Ham Board of
Men's Boots
and Oxfords
On Sale at, Per Pair
!pb./j ilpb./j
NEW YORK—(FP)—The International Fur Workers Union reports the general strike in ■ tho
Montreal fur market In good condition, with big mass meetings
and aggressive picketing. . Sixteen
pickets were ,arrested In ope* day
and daily interference by police is
reported. The strike ls entering
its third month.
Patronize Our Advertisers.
visitors as well as our
regular patrons to purchase
footwear suitable for present and fall wear at* a clear
saving of $3.25 and $4.25
on every pair.
These are English shoes, made in Northampton, of the
finest quality leather, including black and tan willow
calf, glace kid and Martin's Scotch grain. English oak
bark leather and Dri-ped or crepe rubber soles. Footwear for every occasion, as well as for golf.
Actual  values  to  $10.50
per pair.   Sale price—
$5.75 and $6.75
-Main Floor.
itrts      A
Bjjggjgagggggggj jinamnamnmsoa'
Friday, Augudt
the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
seA^je_#s AcTiVffiEs
THE conditions aboard the S. S.*> nothing else but    duly    qualified
T-rvi nAptaH _-_■_* 4-\\ n fnnn -.int.        BnilflfB    onrl     fir-am or, rpiin     ____.__1l__1.__. ,
Importer of the Canadian
Government .Merchant Marine, according to a letter received this
morning, is something damnable.
Many of the crew left the ship at
Montreal, owing to the starvation
conditions that exist aboard. This
is the ship that never fails to
starve the crew. The victualling
department Say that they are un
able id ."orrect matters concerning
the feeding of the crew aboard
the "Importer," probably Sir
Hpnry' Thornton might be able to
adjust -.natters' in this particular
case Instead of travelling ih"a special car en the C. N. R. at tin expense cf the Canadian public.
The r eWs concerning ths bad
cohdUior.c aboard the "Impoiter"
was mailed from Cristobal, Puna-
ma Canrl Zone,
Sailors and firemen. The amalga*
matlon proposals of the National
Sailors and Firemen Union of Canada, are to be thrashed out once
again. The last proposals for amalgamation put forward by the
National Sailors and Firemen's
Union were all one sided. Therefore it has been decided to put
forth a more get-to-gether plan
for the benefit of the seamen of
British Columbia.
Negotiations are to be entered
into with the Kingsley Navigation
Company, regarding the payment
of Longshoremen's rates for the
seamen aboard ' the S.S. "E. D.
Kingsley" and the S.S. "Rochelle,"
when doing the work of longshoremen at ports, outside of the home
port of Vancouver, where the seamen are never' asked to do the
work Of longshoremen. An Increase in the wages of the seamen
is to be included in the negotiations, in order to put the Kingsley
ships on the same basis as C. P. R.
coastal vessels and the Union
Steamship Company of B. C. The
Kingsley Navigation Company have
been very courteous in their dealings Wtth the men and their organization in the past, and it must
have been an oversight that the
seamen''did'not' receive the same
wages'as other vessel's sailing on
the coast of British Columbia,
that is before the seamen were
attached to The Federated Seafarers^ Unioti of Canada.
The Imperial Oil Company are
still paying lower wages than any
other company but of the port of
Vancouver. The company is to be
approached to pay the same waigbs
as all other companies sailing
from British Columbia ports." it
will be noticed that quite a few
of the oil and gasoline stations in
the city are the property of' the
Imperial Oil dompanyl'therefore
the company should pay a living
wage to the seamen" employed n
their vessels-^the S.S. '"Mina
Brea," "Calgarolite"' and "Iihp'ei-****
Question;- I have been working
^n a place where I was paid at the
rate of $115 per month, but I was
paid every two weeks. I have
been given two week's notice. Is
this legal.—G. A. B.
Answer—It is Impossible to tell
without more information. I all
depends on the actual contract of
employment but very often the
manner of payment Is the best
evidence of the term of the engagement and where you were
paid by the fortnight you would
ble entitled to only a fortnight
notice. This is far from final,
however. Only a solicitor who
had all the facts could properly
advise you.
The Logger and a City J
Reports from the whaling stations indicate that there is not a
very good catch' %{' whale'sss8 far
arid that it looks as lf'there"is to
be a bad season' for' the seamen
who are on the bonus system. The
reprt states that the living eruditions are good.
The business meeting of the
Federated Seafarers' Union promises some lively discussion on Friday, August 21st, at 8 p.m. The
agenda consists,, of a program to
be lined lib 'tot-' the coming winter,
and an appeal is to be made to
the  engineers' and  mates' to hire
76 Hastings East
UU 64th  Batt.  and 72nd Batt.
Brother GIlmartirT is still'at the
General Hospital.
The mail list Is extra large thts
week so members would be wise
to get to headquafters'arid bollect
their mall.
Headquarters "Is" at the Piack
Building, 1'6S Hastings streetwesti
Letters have been received from
London, "England, Montfeal/fC)a.n-
ada, and Sari Frainclscb*',' concerning the activity of the' oflgkrilza-
Next week the amalgamation
proposals of the National Sailors
and "Firemens* Union of Canada
will be published in contrast with
the suggested' pf'opbssils ef' 'amal-
gamatl'dri of The Federated ; Seafarers' Union of Canada.' '
The "Empress" ships are still on
the unfair list for members of The
Feder aW ' Seafarers' rUnion of
Canada. "We have not at any time
been asked' to supply ' scabs' or
"Empresg"* ships to"' feplaefe '"'the
Chinese.' '
MONTREAL. — Representatives
of thirty-three lumber manufacturers'-.! Ontario"arid' Quebec "met
here and decide'd to restrict" this
year's production of sawmills and
reduce logging operations by fifty
per cent.' High cost "of produc-'
tion and dei-resstori'ih the' liimber1
market were" the . reasons' given"-
for this decision.
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
Red Star Drug Store
---'—                  -'                ■*  ■                          **amtmW
"The MaH-Order-Bru&gists"
W« Make a Special Effort to Get Goods Out by First Mail'
After Receipt of Youf'Oi*—-'
Corner Oordova and Oarrall               Vanoouver, B.O.
Question: I have been working
as a carpenter on a* job putting up
,a ndw house' and am having soino
trouble getting my wages. I was
hii-ed-'hythie maa that got the
work and not by the owner, but if
he dofessn't pay me can $1 make
the owner of the property'pay my
.hack pay?*—Reader.
Answer. Tes. You will have a
lien on the property for your
wages but you must take steps to
file the Hen within thirty-one days
from the date you did your last
work on the building or job. Tou
probably will not have to do this
as the law of liens is so well
.known that probably the . owner
iwill i see to It that you get paid if
you: let him know how things
Question: Cain a girl . over
iclghteeh' agree' to work for less
than the' minimnm wage lf she
wants to and if she does has any
of the other girls the right to butt
ip-about it7—Mary.
AnsWer.' Tour ' question -would
iri'tficEte'dspirit hot very friendly
to or£a_iizeff"Tabor, and if the
other girls "butt in" as you put
it, they'are ho doubt taking the
proper "ttep to protect their own
Wages:' ' Provisibh' has been made
by the Act governing the Minimum
Wage for Women Whereby women
over eighteen who are physically
Jdefectfve and not able to earn as
much as able bodied persons may
agree to work for less, and also
for apprentices who want to learn
a trade, but. to do this a special
license should he obtained from
the Minimum Wage Board.
White Man Shivers
As '*KH)ai_ffu" Grins
The Confcd Natives'
(By Federated Press)
BRUSSELS—Why do natives object to white1 rtifen taking "their
country from them, driving them
to work'by taxation,' and Civilizing
them with the whip and the rifle?
The answer is Klbangu—at least
in the Belgian Congo, lf we are
to believe Gbvef hof-'gerier'al' Rut-
tern as reported ih the Belgian
press. "Everything' would be lovely
lf it were not foi- Klbangu; -Ki-
bahglsm arid iflba'n'gisti.. "Severe
measures," he says, howeveR'
"haVe 'Been 'taken ngainst" those
who 'preach this doctrine,'" a.tv*l
there is now "fib reason tbr fekr ali
extension of Klbari'gisth."
The Sinister Doctrine
What then is this sinister doo-
trlne that makes the gentle Cion-
gan restive beneath the white
man's burden? At the bottom of
It, according "to the governor,' is
'the "Assertion that iSurbfeetJiris can
be*-"* dispensed" T%ith"' f fern'1'every
point'of view." "'"The ' gbvefriw
thfriks'thait- ^Europeans" are 'nefres***
sa'W fn the scherfrtr-'bf 'things.*'ri. »
The ^^In^'PrSijess ,v"
'We haye,''" "he says, ""removed!
the Kibangists "Vb other "parts' of
the colony,' to se'paf£e them "from
the' surroundings Where they hkd
shown signs of insubordination.
They have been sent to Panthler-
ville, where they have set up' a
J|J pets bitten by the "job in the
city"' germ,' packs his grip, drags
his time, and beats it to town.
After a week or two in the city he
finds the illusive job he has
dreamed of is an elusive one. All
the jobs requiring a modicum of
brains and a minimum of work
are held and entrenched against
outside attack by the zoological
orders of the Moose,* Elks, Oddfellows or Freemasons, and so he
takes up the old pick and shovel,
or some other job in which brawn
is the main requisite. Failing that
he helps to swell the dividends of
the Union Steamship Co..andagain
takes to the tall timbers'.
Becoming infected by the germ
I hied myself to the city, and
after a long search was' at last able
to connect up with a job on a,
building in the course of construction. It was a mules job, wheeling a barrowful of concrete' up a
gang plank all day.
The superintendent was a sawed
Off little Scotchman' with an air of
bustle that waxed furious when
the cohcrete mixbr began Its daily
grind. 'The chief pastime Of this
abbreviated edition of- Simon' Le-
gree Seemed to be hurrying the
laborers. If he eoiild get th'6 laborers'running around' ih' circles',
and'falling over e&ehother's feet
iii their haste-to carry ' but his
commands, he wfis happy'. '
The editor of 'the' '"Sun" 'shot off
a mouthful of "blah" tue other
day oh the dignity of labor; I can
see no dignity" in the Spectacle of
a dozen of so laborers, in' a concrete gang,' feverishly tolling up
and down "a gang'plank,'with
sweat soaked shirts arid pefspira-
tion dripping from' thb end of
their hoses, and all'afraid to pause
for breath, with the ever present
fear of being' fifed. The dignity
of 'labor—the dignity' of labor be
I was much interested in the
Union of Carpenters' method of
Ofganiaztlon on the job. When a
neW carpenter started dn the building the tiriion delegate was soon
on his track to enquire if he was
a member of the union. If he
wasn't I presume lt was intimated
to him that it would be to his interest to find another job.
The activities of the delegate on
this particular job made it certain
that every carpenter became ■'■ a
member of the union. I am looking forward to the time when the
building laborer' comes: out of his
present state of coma, organizes a
strong union, and puts an end to
,the present state of galley-slavery
that exists in the building construction. God knows if ever anyone needed an organiaztiori to protect his interests lt is the building
laborer.  ■''"
, Giving 'all credit to'that 'credit**
able "organization, the Carpenter's
Union, I would suggest that they
take a little more Interest in their
fellow workers—the laborers.   Let
■pWERY how arid 'then the logger*atK6_ri forget that they af
I the fight solely for five *
cents rtiore a day, nor as
ters to uphold -certain
rules of the trade, the "til
do" and the "thou shalt
Let them extend the ham
lowship to the laborer, re.
ing that labor progresses
the sporadic attacks
unions, but on the organis
labor as a whole.
Going back to the wood
the logger is in the same
the building laborer-—uno:
-•-I can say this for the
He rebels in every camp 1
himself in, and the majorit!
building laborers in Va
would not rebel even if
kicked them on the back
pants to get them off th<
J. A. B.
Nehfu Succeeds C. R. Di
died' last month, as presli
the All-Indian Swaraj Pai
the All-India Trade Unioi
gress. Nehru until how vie
dent of the independence
Was Selected at a special
iheeting In Calcutta.
AUBURN, Cal.—(FP) -
Howard, overseas veteran c
job, went into a restaurs
asked for a glass of water
from feeling hungry. The
etor had him arrested, clalr
had begged a bowl of so;
the A. E. F.veteran was se
to 90 days in the Placer
J. Louis Engdahl, editor
Dally Worker $50 for stree-j
Ing without a permit the
courts dismissed 19 other \
Party defendants arrested
same charge. Police report
businessmen objected to tl
boxing. '
fairly  large 'village,   Which  is,'it
seems; a model'village."
To set up a model'village without the aid of Europeans would,
in Itself, seem insubordination.
But communication with their
fellows is censored and they are
forbidden to meet - in the temples
"under penalty of deportation for
menacing public order."
A Nationalist-Movement
Kibanglsm,    which    'takes    its
name from-'the1 prophet Klbangu.
who was sentenced to death and
then pardoned-in 1921, is a rell-•■
gious-nationallst movement which [
•hjas*; taken root among the natives']
, of. the Lower • Congo. —In spite of 1
the reassuring-remarks of Govef-K
rior Ruttern, the Belgian eaipital-
lst press .agitated possibly by tha
uneasy 'memory"" 61 "Belgl&h's lfn-
perlalism's Til'Jeous"record "of atrocities  in  extracting  rubber' * ft6rh~t
the Congo, Is not to be comforted.
It attributes the danger'5 to   the
"hidden hand    bf   Mosebw,"' and
denounces  "Commhnlst activities"
in the Congo.
Big redu6ti5hs, sple:
values; Regular pj
$22.50 to  $42.50, iw
$15 to $37.
Cor. Homer and Haatin
'      " '
The Original
Logging Ba
for   '
Quit* It-vice fer Bopali
All Work Ourtntoad
Sp-icUl Alton.Ion to If sll
H. Harve
EiUbllihtd In Vonoonvor ln
BS CORDOVA STREET! ismiiomv m*****j*^**+tm*m
, August 14, 1925
y Federated Press) " *■ -
PN— {*-*■),*-._to&^ unity
pr unions is tho slogan of.
the recent union conven-
Brltaln. Rallwaymen's and
trade unions have 'both
for amalgamation-ln their
e Industries. The National
f Rallwaymen appointed a'
ee to discuss.., amalgainu-
l» the other big unions in
rtry, and the Amalgamated
' Building Trade Workers
a resolution for a single
r the .building industry on
as against a craft basis."
nalgamation Wanted
act that there, are nearly
de unions in Great Briain
s less significant when we
that fiversixths of Britain's
inionists are organized in
e unions, but .the   urgent
• amalgamation is recogniz-
p.11 sides. The National
f Railwaymen is an Indus'-"
nion, itself the outcome of
unions, and takes    in   the
of railroad workers, but
e still 82 unions in the in-
with 28 rival.unions eater-
shopmen alone. Most of
unions are small local and
unions of no importance
great bulk of the railroad
are organized in the'Na-
Jnion of Railwaymen, the
ed Society of Locomotive
*>rs and Firemen, and. the
Clerks Association, ■ Am_
ion of these three unions
lin been brought to the
the recent convention of
J. R.
Fhe Budding Trades
e building trades most of
ons have been federated in
ional Federation of Build-
;ade , Operatives, but ..the
[ers and plasterers hay*
-withdrawn to press de-
which, they claim, could
done from within the Fed-
That this withdrawal is
mporary and the principle
...trial unionism is still an
and practical issue is indi-
'y the recent convention-of
algamated Union of Build-
!de Workers (the bricklay-
m), where, the . resolution
mplete    amalgamation    of
* trades unions was passed.
^mb-mm® Mmi'mm™
EHNGTON — (FP) — One
•men now are members.of
trades unions in the
States and Canada, accord-
Geo. F. Hedrick, president,
r trades department, Am-
Pederation of Labor. .
nders for Dredging
TENDERS, addressed to the
'signed and endorsed "Tender
glng, Viotorla Harbour, B.C.,"
received until  12 o'clock  noon
saving), Tuesday, August 18,
s will not be considered unless
the forms supplied by the De-
and according to the condl-
forth therein.
ied specification and form of
n be obtained on application to
rsigned, also at tho offico of
ict Engineer, Post Office Build-
orla, B.O.
i must includo  the towing  of
to and from the work,
redges and other plant which
ridod to be used on the work
e been duly registered in Can-
the time of the filing of the
•ith the Department, or shall
sn built in Canada after the
the tender.
ender must be accompanied by
ited cheque on a chartered bank,
to the order of the Minister of
Works, for 5 per cent, of the
price, but no oheque to be for
fifteen hundred dollars. Bonds
Dominion of Canada and bonds
Canadian National Railway Corn-
Ill be accepted as security, or
nd a cheque if required to make
>dd amount.
By  order,
lent of Publio Worka,
■a, July 81,  102S.
to %m^
. Double ,nay,, ordered Jor.. British
nuvy nien employed on or in connection with industrial work during a strike brings home the seriousness of the Industrial crisis
England is facing. British labor
is asking whether the owners Will
have the navy on their side In the
struggle to determine whether Who
shall pay for the decline of capitalist Industrialism.
England rose to supremacy , as
the workshop of the world. First
in the field with power machinery
it produced a surplus of manufactures. The securing of markets
for this surplus created a vast
commercial empire. To check rival
workshops, in other.,,countries lhe
merchant-manufacturers. prohibited the exportation of machinery.
The first spinning frames and
power looms brought to,America
werp,smuggled *out part by part. "
But finances got control of,the
wealth that poured in. . Their jin-
terest lay not in full employment
of English labor but in exploiting
labor whereever it would producp
the largest profits. British capital
began to develop workshops, in
America, Asia and Africa.
This meant an investment empire imposed upon the commercial
empire, The two were potentially
conflicting but the conflict did not
workout in the collapse of English
home industry until after the war.
Then British workers saw India,
formerly the chief market for
English cotton goods, importing
over 153,000,000 yards of cloth
am}, qver .30,1OOO.OOp, (founds of
twist from Japan while textile
workers at home had to accept
part time.
:. English, upper classes may'draw
huge profits from the. cheap labor
Of Shanghai and* Bengal, but the
foundation of capitalist imperialism, at home is shaken. Says the
London Daily. Herald: /'Capitalism
is breaking down.with the. inevitability of. gradualness. Our. direct-
ting classes are not. a help but a
hindrance to pur trade. Their en
ergies are concentrated, on individ
ual,gain ajifl the speeding qf, their
gains. These ar,e ,cpmmp# pmp-
toms of a decaying system. Capitalism, constructive in its day,
has.., passed into the corruption
phaqe. Eve.ry^where the.pyiftem
set up by the industrial r,evpjutip#
which began.a.century and a half*
ago is breaking down."
f More Wage Slashing
.Desired By British
.Industrial Captains
British Transport
... Wftrker^JMake Gains
(By Federated Press)
LONDON—-(FP)—Wage advances amounting to $22,500,000 for
its members were reported at the
first biennial delegate * conference
of the Transport and General
Worker^ union. in July at Scarborough. The conference representing ,(127,560 .members, unanimously indorsed the proposed Industrial, alliance with the miners,
railwayman, and metal workers.
The Transport and General
Workers Union 'was formed three
and a half years ago, out of,a, big
amalgamation of unions anil: has
made, remarkable, strides. Harry
Gosling in his presidential address,
stated that the conference marked
the successful launching of one of
the greatest schemes of amalgamation so far achieved. The ultimate outcome, he said, would be
that every member of the trade
union movement would become
under an obligation to every other"
member, of, the movement.
Besides the big wage advances
in 1924, the union reports a 25
per cent increase ln membership
in the last 12 months. Resolutions
were passed condemning the government's policy on unemployment
and protesting against Britain's
imperialism in China and the exploitation of Chinese workers.
135,000 Workers on
Strike in British
Textile Industry
(By Federated Press)
LONDON — (FP) — "The first
general stoppage in the wool textile trade since I entered trade
unionism 42 years ago," is the way
Ben Turner, president National
Association of Unions in the Textile Trade, characterizes the lockout involving 136,000 textile operatives which started July 24. The
stoppage is the result of the employers' demand for a 5 per cent
reduction in wages. All the 27
unions are acting in harmony aiid
a council of action has been formed' representing" "all fhe' unions
which keeps ih touch wltb.-'the
British Trade's Union Cbrt'giress.
The Workers'; Position ':-":
During the Past four years the
wool textile operatives have suffered reductions ln wages amounting to $25,000,000.    No   improve-
Miners and Transport
Workers..Are, One,
Says Labor Leader
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON—An emphatic declar
ation in favor of solidarity with
tbe.miners was made by, Mr. Harry
Gosling, BlB.,:,in. his presidential
.address at the, opening, of the .biennial conference of the Transport
and General Workers' Union at
"For all industrial purposes," he
said, "the miners.are ourselves,apd
we are the miners.
"We cannot in a great crisisi like
this speak of them as a separate
entity so long as they are willing,
as I am sure they are, that we
should act together.
"I feel that we ought to declare
without equivocation of any kind
that we will stand  by  our  com
"The General Council of the
Trades Union Congress and the
Parliamentary Labor Party have
taken up this matter. It is a test
of our loyalty.
"Any settlement made by any
of the great organiaztions of labor
is bound to reflect upon ourselves,
and our cause will be helped or
hindered as a result.
"As this is bound to happen,
then the idea of amalgamation
must be developed further.' To
meet this need for a much greater
and stronger amalgaamtlon, steps
are being taken to form an alii
ment in the industry has resulted
from these continual reductions,
The only result for the workers
has been short time, lower earnings and increased unemployment.
The textile workers determined to
make a stand when the employers
again made the old plea that the
Industry is suffering from high
cost of production in the face of
foreign competition. •
Employers Disruptive Efforts
The textile unions (there are 279
unions organizing the various tex
tile workers) have long been con
sidered the most conservative in
Great Britain. Besides the [ disunity due to the many rival ur'.ons,
the employers have sought to: render the workers docile by selling
them shares of stock at easy rates.
It has previously been almost im.
possible to achieve a militant, and
united policy in face of the employers.
South African Cop
Smells a~ Red Plot
(British Labor Press Service)
LONDON—A series of "remedies" for the improvement of the
Industrial situation have been put
before the President of the Board
of Trade by the Association of
British Chambers of' Commerce,
which has been taking stock of
the notions of its individual members.
Wage-cutting seems to   be   the
main obsession behind   most    of
these proposals, two.pf* which deserve special notice.   They are:
Wages paid by local author-
> lties  should  be  brought into
line with those paid by firms
in the same locality to skilled
and unskilled labor.
Steps should be taken to
deal with agitators on the
same lines as those whb create
disaffection among loyal subjects.
These suggestions would be hard
to beat for cool impudence.
What about. seeing that wages
paid , by private enterprise, are
brought „mpre into Une with the
obligations to provide the workers
with a decent standard of living?
What about treating as agitators,
guilty of disloyalty to the community,, every profiteer who slanders his workers every time he
thinks the public conscience is
getting uneasy about profiteering
as an enterprise?
. It may come to this, some day,
despite, the complaining clamour
of the Association of British Cham-*
bers of Commerce.
Britain DWj To Break
With Soviet Russia
LqNDQJft.—Therp is np immediate likelihood of a rupture of
British-Soviet diplomatic relations,
Christian Rakovsky, Soviet charge
d'affairs in London, declared her;
„'*Jt hayp .receiye.d, absolute assurance from the. highest quarters
fjiat the British goypj-nment does
not * contemplate any diplomatic
br.ijak with Russia and that any
such rupture is extremely unlikely," Rakovsky said.
Thrpp, things are. responsible for
the Anglo-Soviet crisis, British
German, and czarist propaganda
against the Soviet Union, Rakovsky declared.
Other countries are taking ed-
vantage of the possibility of importing Soviet grain and other products, while England sits back and
sees red, thus being bested in this
immense market.
.LONDON—Here is something
from South Africa (where the
Prince of Wales is on show):
Two Johannesburg youths were
waylaid by two CJ.D. men, who
insisted oh,searching them.. .Wben
they resisted one of the detectives
ran to a group of young men in
a near-by street and asked them
to fetch a policeman.
They merely laughed, whereat
the badly rattled detective shouted
hysterically: "Call yourselves citizens! . Here is a. communist plot
and you.won't*fetch a policeman!"
LAWRENCE, Mass. .A*** (FP) —
Four thousand workers in the
worsted department of the* Pacific
Mills were cut 10 per cent July
27, the day set by the American
Wool Co. and other concerns for
similar reductions. The cotton
workers were cut by the same
amount last fall.
SEALED TENDERS, marked "Tender
for Motor Vehicle Number Plates,"
will be received by the undersigned up
to noon, Monday, August 81st, 1025,
for the furnishing of
60,000 pairs Motor Vehicle Number
"••     Plates,
2,000 pairs   Demonstration  Plates,
1,500 Single     Motor     Cyole     Number
-     Plates,' '■     •' '-
50 Single   Demonstration Motor Cyole
Number Plates,
1,000 Single Trailer Plates.
All plates to be manufactured of full
pickled  cold  rolled  annealed  steel,' finished   first   with   a   primary  'coat   and
then a coat of best grade enamel; baked
on at a high temperature with guaranteed   permanent   colors,   which   will   not
crack or pool- ott.
Blue Prints showing exact site of
Plates and all information as to weight
of metal, coloring, packing, etc.,-may be
had from the Superintendent of Provincial Police, Victoria, B.C., Assistant Superintendent Owen, Provincial Police Office, Court House, Vancouver, B.C., or
the undersigned.
Sample Plates must accompany tender
and contractor will be required, to supply additional plates, if any required,
during the period of contract,' at his
original tender price, •■ -**■"•
Purchasing  Agent.
Parliament Buildings,	
Victoria, B.C., Aug. 12th, 1025.
Send In Tour Subscription Today.
TJfTHEN a crisis comes and
someone at a distance
must be reached quickly,
the long-distance telephone
will prove its worth.
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No Drugs Used ln Examination
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If your eyes ache, see us.
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Friday, Augus
The Real Abd-El-Krim
Editor's Note—-The following ex-ttask of redeeming all the Arab peo-
cerpts from a letter sent by Abrt*
El-Krim, the Moroccan leader,
who is defying the armed might
of French and Spanish imperialism
in Northern Africa, to a group of
university students in Buenos
Ayres, Argentina, reveals him in a
much different light from that depleted in the daily press. Krim
was educated in Europe, and, as
the following shows, has u thorough understanding of modern
problems. We are indebted to
"The Advance," official organ of
.the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, for tliis translation.
My Dear Brothers:
Responding to the courteous invitation of the Groupo Kenovacion
of Buenos Aires, I address myself
with a heart filled with joy to all
Latin Americans at this glorious
hour when they celebrate the feat
of arms that won their independence and liberated them from a
foreign yoke.
No right is more sacred and inalienable than that or every people to rule itself, to give Itselt ihe
form of government best suited
to it temperament and its aspirations	
Europe, corrupted by a world
war and filled with moral anarchy
by the imperialist greed of its capitalist regime, has forfeited the
right to impose its ideas and its
will upon the people of other continents. We aspire to erect a civilization based on canons of peace
and social Justice. We people of
Arab stock long to throw off the
yoke of England, of France, of
Italy, and of Spain. Our brothers
in Egypt have struck the first blow,
and I confidently hope that the
world will soon witness the second
blow here is Morocco. Then the
hour will strike for Algeris, Tunis,
and Tripoli, whose people are already preparing for the moment ol'
the great delivery.
Our cause is a just cause, exactly
as was yours. We are not moved
by hatred of Spain, which in olden days was our fatherland and
the cradle of our ancestors. All
educated Spaniards know that in
the golden age of their art a majority of their people were Arabs.-
And the fatal hour when a religious war caused our expulsion from
a Peninsula embellished by our art
and enriched by our industry was
also the fatal hour that doomed
that beloved land to the irreparable decadence in which it is now
The baneful chauvinism of a
military and Catholic caste in
Spain has plunged her people into an insane and disastrous war,
that has made Morocco the cemetery of her sons and a bottomless
pit into which she has. flung, her
wealth. Poor Spanish boys are
sent here to die, just as they were
sent one hundred years ago to die
in the valleys of the Andes, and
thirty years ago to die in the fever
swamps of Cuba.
We abhor such slaughter. We
demand that the Spanish desist
from these futile heroics and evacuate Morocco as they evacuated
your America, leaving us to resume
the labors of peace, industry, and
enlightenment that will make \X
possible for us to take our merited
place in the fraternity of nations
as' you have done.
I address you as brothers because the Spanish blood that courses in your veins is largely Arab,
as it was in the veins of all the
Spaniards from the southern half
of the Peninsula who sailed out of
Palos, Seville, and Cadiz to carry
to your America the Arab spirit
that still stirs in your Oauchos and
Llaneros, even though under the
banner of a different faith. . . .
We shall struggle on without
ceasing until we have finished our
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
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pies of the Mediterranean Coast
and Eastern Asia. A free Morocco and a free Egypt shall be the
two pillars from which shall spring
the renaissance of a race that as
honored humanity with three glorious civilizations.
My dear brothers, listen with
sympathy to this message that thc
people of Morocco send you
through my mouth with all the
warmth of the blood that fills their
hearts. I need not say that in appealing for your sympathy we do
not ask you to become enemies of
Spain, with whom you have become
completely reconciled since she has
brought herself to recognize your
sacred right to independence. . .
We regret that our state of war
and the fact that we are not recognized by the imperialist government of Europe prevent our sending a special mission to the celebration of glorious Ayacucho. But
be assured that we shall not wait
for its next centennial tp establish solid relations of friendship
and fraternity with your governments, conceived in a spirit of sincerity very different from the conventional hypocrisy that characterizes the current diplomacy of capitalist imperialism.
My dear brothers, the people of
Morocco address these words to
you from battle-grounds that the
enemy 4s abandoning day by day,
and join you in honoring the cen-
tenlal of Ayacucho through your
Abd-El-Krim,. . .
So this is the paper you have
been wanting? Prove it by supporting it with your subscription
and those of your neighbors and
THEBE are many good
reasons   why   you
should buy from FBITH.
Here are some:
His Goods are Reliable
His Prices are Right
He Supports Your Cause
GKEB   WORK   BOOTS—Sizes   6
to   11.     Special    $4.96
SHOES       $1.26
SHOES       $1.46
MEN'S    KHAKI    PANTS—$1.70
and   $2.26
TONADE   PANTS    $1.86
grey  or . black    25c
5 pairs for   B5c
8 pairs for.  $1.00
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's   and   Boys'    Furnishings,
Hatt, Boots and Shoes
Between   7th   and   8th   Avenues
Phone Fair, 14
Pass this copy on to your shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
Paint and Panel
Has a Special in Grey,
for $3.85 Fer Gallon
for Any Purpose
Painting,   Scrubbing  or
Gregory & Reid
Paint Co.
Sey. 4636 117 Hastings E.
Edmonton Nominates
Its Labor Candidate
George Latham, President of the
Alberta Section of the Canadian
Labor Party has been selected to
contest the East Edmonton constituency at the forthcoming Federal
Three others were nominated for
the office, but Latham secured a
majority over all the others. The
vote stood: Latham, 2S7; A. Farmilo, 110; Rice, Sheppard, 80; W.
H. Walker,  31.
William Irvine, M.P., was present at the nominating convention.
Municipal Engineers
Threaten To Strike
NEW YORK.—The 3,500 municipal engineers, who were recently
unsuccessful in an attempt to secure a twenty-five per cent. Increase in salary, have formed a
union, the Association of Engineers
of New York, and will re-submit
their demands for better, wages
and working conditions to the city.
The union, which is the largest
single aggregation of the profession in the world, was formed "for
the object of securing improvement
of salary and working conditions."
At the first meeting several of
the engineers called for an immediate strike if their demands are
not granted.
(By Federated Press)
was 23 when he volunteered for
the world war. In the Argonne his
left leg was torn off, and his right
hip had to be wired. He was
badly gassed. At the end of the
war he was a cripple, a tuberculosis victim, and had contracted the
morphine habit. He became a der-
lict, a beggar on the streets of San
Francisco. The other day the police picked him up for vagrancy
with a dime in his pocket. He became so ill in jail that night, that
he was rushed to an emergency
hospital, where he died in five
minutes. The doctors said it was
lack of food.
Now he will have a funeral with
full military honors at the Monterey Presidio.
A   complete line
■**■ Women   and
Every pair a gent
gain.    Our  low  pr
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1087 OUt
Opp, Standard
The  right  arm  of
strong press.    Add
arm by subscribing
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his advertisement. Just mention
the Advocate and you'll see.
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