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The Canadian Farmer-Labor Advocate 1925-06-12

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 mer-Lador Advocate
With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
I. enteenth Year.   No. 24.  Eight Pages
providing the surface workers did
not have to suffer a reduction.
This offer the company has refused to consider.
The men are planning calling a
conference of all miners on Vancouver Island, with a view of establishing a unified mine workers
rhat Happened on Vancouver Is.
^tive Miners Fired at Ladysmith—Nanaimo Goal Diggers
Refuse to Be Browbeaten by Company—Mining Corporations' Huge Profits—Company Refuses Compromise—Men Plan to Form Mine
Workers' Union.
FWO HUNDRED AND FIFTY of tbe seven hundred men
employed by the Canadian Collieries at Ladysmith, B.C.,
fere fired as a preliminary to forcing the present wage-cut
|on the miners of that town.
The company informed the miners that they would have
[accept a 60 cents per day reduction in wages.   This pro-
Sal was rejected, and the company immediately fired two
adred and fifty miners, who they imagined were most active
^opposing the cut.   Shortly afterwards the mine manager
led a special meeting of the miners, and delivered them an
|imatum to the effect that they either accept the cut or the
le would close.   This industrial autocrat forced the miners
[take an open vote on the ques-'
|n, with himself present at the
pting, with the result that his
bposal  was  accepted,   although
i than 10<f of the remaining 400
hers voted on the question,
(.sing this as a justification the
(stern Canada Fuel Co., of Nana
announced a sixty cents per
cut for their men.   This, comas lt did or top  of the loss
|an hour per day for the sur-
men as a wage result of the
jht'Hour Act, reduced the daily
fees of hundreds of the men to
than (3.50 per day—with no
fspects of more than three or
1 days work per week,
he  Nanalmo   miners   revolted,
being  "advised"   by   Deputy
(later of Labor, McNiven, that
had no means of compelling
company to arbirate, declared
Fhey have no union, vlctimiza-
and intimidation having pre-
Ited   organization   since   1913.
py have no funds at their dlspo-
but the cut is so drastic and
tig  conditions  already  so   bad
: the generally expressed senti-
Int Is:   "Better starve.idle, than
fk and starve just the same,"
; few weeks prior to the strike
[Western Canada Fuel Co., reed   their  price   on  household
by one dollar per ton, sup-
hedly to meet the competition of
j-nle coal ln the Vancouver mar-
ThiB was followed by price
fictions on pavt of all mines on
Island, accompanied in mine
fer  than  the  Western   Canada
|l Co., by wage cuts consider
in excess of the reduction in
Ilng prices. The cuts were put
3ss by the simple expedient of
irlng the men the ultimatum of
ppting the  cut  or closing the
he price reduction affects only
[tsehold coal, which constitutes
25 per oent. of the production
iNanaimo mines.    The corpora-
stated last year in a propec-
that their  average  profit on
[tl produced was $1.35 per ton
Bt year they produced consider*
(ly over  400,000  tons,  and  the
00 men who  produced  It con-
itar they have a right to bread
d butter out of lt.
At the mass meeting Tuesday
ornlng the miners and drivers of
eir own accord offered to ac
pt reductions of twenty cents and
|n   cents   per   day   respectively,
Highlights on This
Week's News
Nanaimo  Miners   Strike.......  1
O. Qt. il. M. Starves Seamen  1
B. O. Loggers' Pay.ior Blacklist  6
Quebec Co-ops. Show Strength .. 2
A. F. of L.  Starts Membership Drive 3
Workers Speeded Out of Jobs  5
How Lloyd Oeorge Won the War.... 7
Child Slaves in Britain.  i
English Mine War Looms.  7
Govt.   Pays
to  Sump  Jobless  Into
Russia Helps Farmers    2
Dawes Plan Strikes Miners....  4
Workers   Flogged  in India   7
African Negroes
CAPETOWN, Africa.j—A big
mass meeting of Negroes in this
city demanded legislation to enforce equal pay for equal work,
regardless of the race of the workers.
Starvation on Government Ships
Crews Receive Insufficient Rations—Compelled to Drink Sea
Water, But Fresh Water Supplied to Boilers—When
Seafarers'Union Complains Canadian Government Officials Give Evasive Replies-
Sailors Blacklisted When Complaints Are Made.
CANADIAN Government vessels are arriving here'With half-
starved crews due to insufficient rations. The most recent
arrival was the S.S. Canadian Importer from Swansea, Wales.
This vessel has been the cause of complaints for the past two
years and nothing has been done to remedy them. On the
last trip the crew reported that many were sick during the
voyage, suffering from under-nourishment and being compelled
to drink filthy water. For periods during the voyage the
crew were without butter, sugar and coffee, despite the fact
that the vessel touched several ports en route where fresh
supplies could have been obtained. The economy programme
of the government merchant marine enforces a rigorous discipline on the ship's officers and? aboard  for  the  boilers  but none
if they had incurred the expense
of taking aboard fresh supplies it
would have very likely cost their
When the S. S. Canadian Transporter passed through the Panama Canal, fresh water was taken
A Clarion Call To Action
•THE LABOR MOVEMENT has ceased to be a static, inert thing to be preached at!
•*■ It has become a social force wielding an incalculable influence over the lives of
workers and, in one instance, is helping to mould the destiny of nations.
Convinced tbat the antiquated, stereotyped brand of labor journalism, which
served our movement well enough in its infancy, has grown obsolete, and today is
more of a fetter than a champion in furthering the interest of those who toil, THE
CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE is launched as the first step to achieve
ultimate solidarity among the workers and farmers of British Columbia.
This paper will publish short, reliable news of the farmer and labor movements
in action. Its pages will not be cluttered up with lengthy diatribes telling what
Tom Jones or Dick Brown thinks, but what the workers in the industries and on the
land are doing and what is being done to them. Articles will be printed, but they
will be timely and condensed, while editorial matter will be reduced to the minimum
and all editorials will be mitten from a strictly non-factional viewpoint so far as tho
farmer-labor movements are concerned. Comments upon the existing order will be
levelled against Capitalism as a decadent economio system, and where individuals are
attacked it will be because they appear as the aggressive sponsors of this system.
An "Open Forum" has been set aside for publishing our readers' opinions.
This section is open to all and no views are barred, but in conformity with our general policy, scurrilous attacks upon individuals will not be permitted.
THfe CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE is supplied with The Federated Press daily news service and The British Labor Press Service, and their correspondents in the leading industrial and agricultural centres throughout the world. This
paper will make an effort to feature Canadian labor news, and invites every reader
to send in news items from his district.
The Canadian Farmer-Labor Advocate is not a profit-making venture in any
sense of the word. No one helping to make this paper a power receives a oent in
salary. Nor is it a madcap venture on the part of enthusiastic novices. This paper
only came into existence after months of consideration and planning. It is the united
effort of a group of men representing widely divergent views in the farmer-labor
movement, but who believe that a strong labor press can only be realized by co-operative effort.
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE is not the official organ of
ANT organization, wing or faction in. the farmer-labor movement, and is so organized that it never eaa be. Being free from all official and factional domination, it
can afford to be outspoken.
This paper marks an epoch in Canadian labor journalism! It may be that the
time is not yet ripe. We believe it is—over-ripe! Read over this first issuo carefully. It rests with you whether or not it is permitted to achieve its goal. The
paper will not be continued if there is no real response on the part of the workers
for it.
Answer this by sending in your subscription and that of your friends—TODAY!
for the crew who were forced to
drink diluted sea water, which in
the tropics was very warm,
On arrival here the secretary
of the Federated Seafarers' Union
took the matter up with the lbcal
officials of the Canadian Government Merchant Marine' and recoived the customary evasive answer that the supplies went aboard
the vessel and they were at a loss
to account for the shortage in food
The government steamship officials prohibit any union delegate
to go aboard the vessels when in
port here, and if any of the men
register complaints against the
food or living conditions', they are
placed on the government's blacklist and prevented from securing
employment on any of Its vessels.
Canadian Government
Finds Lots of Money
But Not for Workers
OTTAWA—(FP)—The Canadian government has money for
relief in the West Indies, but none
tor the miners and their families
in Cape Breton. This was brought
cut sharply when an Item of
$7,600 was voted in the House of
Commons to pay for supplies sent
to Antigua last August when a
hurricane swept the little island.
"Why is it that our own native
Canadians are discriminated against in favor of outsiders?" asked
J. S. Woodsworth, Labor member
from Winnipeg. "Why can this
government not give relief to the
Cape  Breton islanders?"
No answer by the minister of
trade and commerce, and the
chairman ruled the qqucstion not
Approximately $1400 was realized from the tag day in aid of
the Nova Scotia miners held in
Calgary on Saturday under the
auspices of the Various labor organizations of the city.
The tag day was well organized
and an army of taggers were on
duty from early morning till after
the stores closed in the evening,
and all were accorded an excellent
reception. Page Two
Friday, June 12, j
A Page for the Man on the Land
MOSCOW— (FP)— One of the
many measures of the Soviet government to aid agriculture Is to
strengthen the communal or collective farms. Although after the
revolution these soviet estates
were comparatively flourishing,
their number dwindled to about
4,000 with the famine and the advent of the new economic policy.
With the improved economic situation the number of these farms
is increasing, again rapidly. There
are now about 20,000 with 1,500,-
009 members.
Farmer Co-ops Is Aim
The present policy of the government is to draw the whole
peasant population into the state
agricultural program by embracing them' in agricultural co-operation. These collective farms are
an important form of soviet agricultural cio-operation.
A conference of representatives
of the collective forms from all
over the Soviet Union in Moscow
♦ Co-operatives in Quebec f Notes and Comment of
Illterest t0 F»rmers
little of Cooperation in Quebec.
To many co-operators it will,
therefore, be a surprise to be informed that there are in that province about 336 co-operative societies, and that in the Department
of Agriculture there is, in J. Bte
Cloutier, Inspector of Co-operatives, an official whose duty lt is
to supervise and assist co'operative
Classification of Societies
In 1922 the active co-operative
societies were classifed as follows:
A central warehouse for sales; a
warehouse for purchasing; a special place for the preparation and
sale of seed grain. These three
Societies were subsequently merged into one for purchase and
sales. There is also a special society for canning, and one each for
fruit storage, milk selling in Montreal, and grain grinding. There
are two special societies for the
preparation and sale of tobacco;
sixteen   for  threshing   clover;   23
formulated plans for adapting the* for making butter or cheese or both.
Communes to the great technical
improvements thnt must be made.
Machinery must be introduced on
a larger scale and the cultural
level of the members raised.
With the coming of the new
.economic policy* of the communes,
though admirable attempts at the
ideal form of communism, tended
to become isolated from the surrounding economic system. The
confer-ence recognized that these
communes must run on a businesslike basis corresponding with the
new conditions of open market,
currency and exchange and must
be self-supporting.
Land Division n Problem
. One of the problems is land
distribution. Sometimes the lands
of these farms are scattered, making efficient communal farming
very difficult. The state agricultural organs are to remedy this.
Theae communes still play a dominant role in soviet agriculture,
so far as they embrace the most
advanced elements of the peasantry. They remain the outposts of
Communism in the countryside.
Moire and more poor peasants, unable to till their land for lack of
horses or implements, are flocking
to them.
Co-operatives Advance in
Great strides have been made
during the past twelve months in
some of the oMor consumers co-operative associations in Saskatchewan.
The Davidson Society is now
erecting a cold storage plant,
where hogs and cattle will be
slaughtered, placed in storage, and
sold to considerable advantage for
the farrner-members.
Will Erect Slaughter House
The Young Co-operative Association has just completed the purchase of 55 acres of land in the
town of Young, and plans are well
in hand for the erection of a cooperative slaughter house and feeding yards.
The Melfort Co-operative Association has developed Its Uve-stock
shipping.to such an extent that a
The other Societies are engaged in
selling and purchasing agricultural
Years Surplus $119,000
The aggregate membership of
these. Societies in 1922 was 26,507,
subscribed capital $589,331, paid
up capital $350,758, Receipts $10,-
117,804.50, Expenditure $9,997,-
869.83, Surplus for the year $119,-
934.67, Assets $1,373,780, Liablli-
ties$l,267,484.80, Surplus $106,-
296.10, Solvability $ 95,627.10
The five Societies doing the most
business ranged from $20,256.08 to
$76,154.19, which would indicate
that the average annual turnover
of local societies in Quebec is small
considerably reducing the opportunities of economy to be expected
from co-operative action.
Co-Operative Credit Bank
In addition to the co-operative
activities above reviewed there is,
of course, the substantial Co-operative Credit Bank Movement, of
which Quebec is the pioneer on
this continent. The Department of
Agriculture, "wishing to keep clear
of the abuses of Government credit,
deemed it advisable to help to inspect and spread Co-operative People's Banks by defraying the expenses of three organizers" in the
year under review. The Report of
the Minister of Agriculture says:
"This has proved most encouraging both for our Credit Co-operatives and for our Co-operatives in
separate organization to care for
that end of the business was incorporated recently,
LloyAiiiinster Co-Operative
The Lloydminster Co-operative
Association closed last year with
an increase in live-stock shipping
In fact, says our contemporary,
"most of the co-operatives appear
to follow some special line of work,
thereby contributing to the general
welfare of the community. Consumers Co-operatives and Produ
cers Co-operatives offer a solution
for many of our present day ills."
Three of the four Societies above
mentioned are members of The
Co-operative Union of Canada.
[By Timothy Hay]
It is quite possible that the
farmers of Canada may be given
a system of rural credits. Whilst
more and cheaper money may be
of some assistance to the farmers,
yet it will take more than a Rural
Credit system to change farming
conditions in this country. There
are too many engaged in farming
the farmer, and it will take some
system to remove these parasites
before relief can be had from present unfavorable conditions.
* *    •
It is reported that P. Burns &
Co. have their eyes on the cooperative creameries in this province. Co-operative movements sure
have a hard road to travel.
■«.   »    »    •
The Federal Government has
fixed a 10 per cent premium on
select bacon hogs; but in B.C. hog
raisers are penalized if they raise
the bacon type of hog. Strange,
Is it not?
• *    *
The trade has announced a
raise in the price of bread, but as
a lullaby the press remarks that
it is not so bad as it might have
been, as the price of butter has
been dropped five cents per pound.
Note the result! Money for the
large Interests that control the
price of flour; an even break for
the consumer; but a five cent reduction in the price of the farmer's
butter fat. It was ever thus. Wake
up, Mr. Farmer!
»    «   ■»
Several farming districts report
that the Government has virtually
wiped out the farmer's tax exemption, by the simple expedient of
sending round an assessor, who
raised the assessed value of the
farms sufficiently to accomplish
the above result. It is suggested
that  the   farmers  should   employ
Medical Service
Notes From the
SUMMERLAND, B.C.—Arrangements are being made to have a
room at the New Westminster Fair,
decorated in peasant style, with
looms; spinning wheels; Potters
wheels and basket making in operation.
This should make a splendid
demonstration, and give fresh impetus to cottage industry, which
is making steady progress in the
country districts, the Lower Mainland Branch of the Art League
being the latest organization to
take form.
Economic conditions are forcing
the farming population to become
more self supporting, and cottage
industry requires only direction
and organization to become of
considerable magnitude, as various
phases of it can be found ln almost any country community.
Women's Institutes have been
active ln fostering peasant craft,
and the ability to make beautiful
articles is in evidence everywhere;
but exhibition and sales rooms are
needed in every district, and organized effort alone can give the
publicity, and co-operative spirit
which is essential to success,
The principles of Co-operation
have recently been applied to medical service in Alberta. While in
England before the national system was brought into effect, and
still may do so, a number of friendly societies provided medical service for their members and families, the idea seems to be new to
hi Alberta
The Edgerton District Medical
Board has been organized. Its
membership consists of householders of the district. The Board has
hired the service of a physician,
.at a salary of $1.25 per month, per
member, payable in advanco. The
agreement of* service is for one
year, subject to one month's notice
on either side. The service the
medical man gives is such as he
is able to render without additional
aid, It is given to the member,
and to his family living with him
under 21 years of age. It .does not
Include midwifery or major surgery, it is subject to the payment
by member of the livery charges
for transportation, emergency medicines on visits at cost prices, and
their own assessor. Farmers, think
this over.
• *    *
The financial wizards who misrepresent us in Ottawa are simply
wonderful. The figure manipulators were able, during the twenty-
four hours wasted on the Budget
debate, to convert a surplus of
$2,000,000 into a deficit fo $100,-
000,000. It would be interesting if
these birds could show us farmers
how to clear from a one hundred
acre, highly improved farm, working 365 days per year, the amount
they now receive for idling their
time away at Ottawa.
• «    «
A recent issue of the "Vancouver Sun" contained an editorial
commenting on a certain farmer in
the State of Washington, who had
been unfortunate enough to get
elected to the State Legislature.
The "Sun" hack states that this
farmer had the audacity to make
comments against a learned professor in the State University. This
doesn't worry us, but when the
"Sun" scribe says that "the farmer
won his election, by the grace of
God, with the assistance of a blind
electorate," he shows merely his
narrow, bigoted, prejudiced mind.
These people are annoyed when
they see a real representative of
the farmers elected, but such editorials are the fuel that serves to
spread the farmer-labor movement.
Board of Sohool Trustees
TENDERS invited for supply and installation of Induct and Exhaust
System of Ventilating for Oeneral Oordon, Hastings and Charles Dickens
Schools. On deposit of $20.00 plans
and specifications may be obtained from
School Board office. Tenders to be in
hands of undersigned by Tuesday, June
23,   1925,  at  5 p.m.
Secretary School Board,
Board of School Trustees
TENDERS wanted for supply and installation of thermostat control system for Oeneral Oordon, Hastings and
Charles Dickens Schools. Plans and
specifications may be obtained from the
School Board office on deposit of
$25.00. Tenders to be in hands of undersigned by Monday, June 15, 1925, at
5  p.m.
Secretary School Board.
medicines on prescription for]
prevailing prices.   Abatement]
current fees are made for
sesrvices  not  provided  undel
contract.    The  medical man;
engage ln private practice,
must not interfere with his
under the contract.
In Britain
In the Old Land some col
ers societies make special arj
ments  with  professional  md
performance of services for*
members.    Medical   services
others of a professional chal
might easily,  and with  littll
ministratlve labor and experT
arranged and organized by 1
cal consumers society on bl
of its members, and the gj
public.    The more comprelj
the community service render]
a  co-operative   local  societsl
more will the public be attrac 1
the support of all departmef
its activities.
In China
In some parts of China,
derstand, it is the practice
an annual fee to a physicianl
the patient is well, but to sif
it during illness.    It is one I
is more likely to establish aj
fnunity of interest between
ian and patient than can
pected where the medical maj
fits by the sickness of the
upon  whom* he  depends  flj
livelihood.    A   somewhat
condition is created by the al
ment    under    review.     Ge_|
adopted, it would do much
mote public health, becausel
people ln need of medical^
dance frequently cannot afl
obtain it.
Frequent shallow cultivate
help conserve moisture and
trol weeds.
MEW night rates
■^ now in force for Id
distance conversations!
tween  8:30 p.m.  ani]
B. 0. Telephone Oomp
'an Be Reliev-j
Tht new Continental Remedy 1
"__ARMALENE" (Regdj
Is a simple, harmless home trel
whioh absolutely relievea del
noises in the head, eto, No f
■lve appliances needed for thli
Ointment, instantly operate! sx_
affected parts with complete al
manent success. Scores of
ful cues repotted.
Mrs.   E.    Crowe,   of   Whil
Road, Croydon, writes: "I ami
ed to tell you that the email \
ointment you aent to me at Vl
has  proved  a  complete  succesj
hearing is now quite normal a_
horrible   head   noisea   have   f
The action of this new remedy
be very remarkable, for I htr
troubled  with  these   complaint
nearly 10 years and have hag
of the very beet medical advy
gether with  other expensive
struments, aU to no purpose,
hardly aay how very grateful J
for my life has undergone aai
Try one box today, whieh
forwarded to any addreaa on I
of money order for $1.00,   p"
nothing setter at aay priee.
orders to Manager  "LAR*"
Co., Deal, Kent, England.
PREVENT FOREST FIRE lay, June 12, 1925
Page Three'
- - POLITICS - -
dan Peasants
Assisted By New
Economic Policy
|SCOW—(FP)— Better   times
tie peasants were among the
lipal themes before the  14th
prence  of the  Russian  Com-
8t party in May.
[ring the first  period  of the
economic    policy—that    of
^•ing  the country's  industrial
the main field  of  action
the town.    Now during    the
_&  stage of further  develop-
of the country's  resources,
government has to concentrate
l'te villages and  increase the
activity  of  agriculture.    The
lone to this policy Is to furn-
|he peasantry with  manufac***
goods and bring their econ-
ft standard up to that, of the
fors.   For this the main slogan
been  the   Smltchka,   or  link
Establishing closer contact be-
the towns and the villages.
I latest   party    watchword    is
to the Villages.
Agricultural Tax Cut
i reduction of the agricultural
hli help the middle and small
lints.    The latest decree per-
_g peasants to  hire agricul-
laborers under    the    labor
I aids  in the  employment of
(Ms labor for the harvest, but
e same time protects the farm
er  from  exploitation  at  the
of the rich peasant.
Communal Farms Aided
pater assistance Is to be given
ijomunal or collective farms,
agricultural co-operatives are
. financial assistance through
Itate agricultural banks.   This
ncrease the purchasing power
peasants and. lessen the div-
ce between the    purchasing
of  commodities     and    the
\g price of grain.   It will take
(in the villages out of private
Co-operation   is   growing
1 great pace  in  the  country,
►number  of  agricultural   co-
|tives has grown to 40,000.
[gate Demands
labor Conference to
Aid Starving India
!<NEVA.—One-third of India
der   the   system   of . forced
the  workers  are   destitute
tn the verge of starvation, and
men   and   women   work   In
[bal mines for an insignificant
an Indian delegate told the
atlonal labor conference.
Indian, Chamanlal, contra-
the statements of the dele-
of the British government.
a. is a land of slaves," he told
iague of nations government,
anial demanded that thc
rence  take   some   action   to
the pitiable plight of ths
fi natives, but the conference
Summerland F. L. P.
Build Log Cabin
SUMMERLAND, B.C.—This local of the F.L.P. has discontinued
its regular Weekly meetings for the
summer months, but will hold
open air social gatherings at which
any neccessary business will be
transacted. The first of these
meetings was held in the Log Cabin recently, and was well attended.
Several comrades from the Slmllkameen, who had been engaged
In erecting the second Log Cabin,
were present, and expressed their
pleasure at meeting the Summer-
land group.
This cabin will be available for
all Party activities, and will be
used by Mrs. Rose Henderson,
Director of the Summer School,
who is expected to return from
her present lecture tour in the
Bast by the end of the month,
when final preparations for the
School will be made. From present indications there will be visitors from Winnipeg to Seattle, and
local comrades are making their
plans for organization well in
Federated Labor Party
ispected Water
Inderlies Canadian
National Railways
(NTREAL.-r-How    and    why
capitalization    of    the   Can
railways jumped up by over
10,000,000  ln  a   year   or two
lorrying   railway   employees.
[922  official railway statistics
all Canadian-roads a total
lalization    of    $2,169,277,131.
|j!latest official returns give the
a  capitalization  of  $3,264,-
t)00, the increase being due to
jimp:. In  the: bonded   debt  of
$1,100,000,000.    Apparently
pr the government  took  over
jtoads now forming the Canad
•rational it acquired liabilities
iih  were  not  revealed   at  the
A joint committee of the Burnaby branches of the F, L. P. and
the New Westminster Labor Group
met in the Holden Building, on
Tuesday to discuss the nominating
of a candidate for the New Westminster riding in the Federal elections. It was decidel to hold a
nominating convention at New
Westminster,  Saturday, August 1.
Representation to be anyone presenting a card of membership in
any organization affiliated wi)th
the C. L. P., and signing the obligation required of delegates to the
meeting of the C. L. P.
An organization committee was
formed to carry on organizing
work in the riding, and particularly, on the south side of the
The Picnic Committee reported
that the Picnic would be held at
Old Orchard, on Sunday, June 28.
Boat wil leave the Gore Avenue
Wharf at 10:00 and 2:30. Fare will
be, adults 80c, children 40c.
It was decided to send an Invitation to the South Vancouver
group and the New Westminster
Tea, coffee and sugar wil be provided, Bring your baskets and the
eats wil be pooled.
In Aid of N. S. Miners
On Friday May 29th, a concert
and dance was held in the G. W.
V. A. Memorial Hall, Colllngwood,
ln aid of the Nova Scotia Miners.
The sum of $100 was realized and
has been sent on to Nova Scotia.
. A group of street-car conductors
and motormen, dock workers, and
mechanics in the Manaos. district
recently struck fop higher wages.
While the demands were 'not
granted, the strikers returned to
work upon their employers' promise to study and (remedy the
cause of complaint.
After a cessation of operations
of several days of about half the
nitrate plants In the Province of
Tarapaca, agreements were reached between the operators and
workers and work resumed.
During the month of April a
lockout involving 150,000 blacksmiths, machinists, metal printers,
ship carpenters, and hatmakers
who'refused to accept the agreements arranged under the Government. Board of Arbitration, went
into effect.
The Ministry for Labor and
Welfare has requested the approval of the- Government for an advance amounting to twenty million marks ($53,476) from this
year's budget for the relief of the
When their demand for a wage
increase of seven pfennings per
hour was refused, 8,000 turners
and coppersmiths in Breslau recently went out on strike, to be
joined, later, in sympathy, by 7,-
000 other workers.
Unions Take Note
Trades Unions are Invited to
make use of this page. Send In
reports of your union activities
and keep those who are absent.
In touch with what is happening.
The Mennonite colony located
at Durango, Mexico, is to be further augemented by an additional
group of immigrants of this sect
from Canada. It is understood
that it Is the intention of the colony to increase its number to 3,000
In accordance with the Government Subsidy Housing Act of 1923,
the Dundee Town Coucil has erected 803 houses and 73 temporary
During the month of March,
1925, 1,024 Swedish subjects emigrated to foreign countries as
against 472 during March, 1924.
ST. LOUIS—(FP) — Although
the city charter prohibits assessments on city employees for campaign purposes, municipal employees have been advised that the
committee In charge of Mayor Miller's fight on the contest of his
election   that   "voluntary"   contrl-
Danish Workers Get
Aid From Germans
Evidence of the fine spirit in
which the international appeal for
help for the 200,000 Danish workers now locked out by the employers ln an attempt to enforce drastic wage cuts ls afforded by the
journal of the German Railway-
men's Union, which says:
"We Germans are poor, but even in. our poverty we must not
forget that our Danish comrades
put their means at our disposal and
took our children who, for all the
profiteers cared might have starved to death, under their protection and nourished them.
"We are glad to able to reciprocate, be it ever so little, the solidarity they showed."
A contribution of 10,000 gold
marks established the sincerity of
this sympathy.
Police Frame-Up Is
Revealed in Poland
The organized workers in various sections of the United States
have started organizing and union-
label campaigns.
This agitation will be a valuable
aid to the organization, education
and publicity campaign of the A.
F. of L. and the union label trades
Extensive Campaign Planned
Plans for this most extensive
campaign in the history of the
trade union movement have been
outlined by the A.F. of L. executive council and officers of the
union label trades department. The
country will be divided into five
districts, each to be covered by
a unit of four persons, consisting
of advance agent, machine operator, entertainer and lecturer.
The advance agent will confer
with state federations and city
central bodies ln the arranging of
meetings. Local unionists will appoint committees to Interest all
members and sympathizers In
these meetings.
Boost Union Label
The lecturer will discuss trade
unionism and the value and significance of the union label, followed by the moving picture and
the entertainer.
The lecturer will secure data as
to the standing and activity of
local unions, which will be forwarded to the various national and
international unions.
The character and demand for
union-made goods will also be
compiled. Meetings of trade union
auxiliaries, women's label leagues
and women's clubs will be held in
the afternoons.
A sensation has been caused In
Poland by the revelations of police
methods in framing up bomb outrages as an excuse for persecuting
the Communists and' peasants yet
more intensely.
In parliament the Polish Socialist Party has shown how a bomb
exploded in the headquarters of
the Independent Peasant Party,
and how the police immediately
declared that the place was a bomb
factory, and arrested' the leaders
of the party. It has since been
shown that the police themselves
put the bomb there, and that the
editor of the Peasant Party's paper was a police spy.
Now it has also come out that
the chief witness against the two
Polish Communists who were murdered when about to be exchanged
with prisoners ln Rusia was also
a police agent and his evidence a
police fabrication.
A few hours after these revelations the Polish Chief of Police was
dismissed from his post.
buttons of 10 per cent of one
month salary will be received. The
same scheme worked to perfection
during the election campaign and
about $20,000 was secured to help
give St. Louis an openshop mayor.
A number of nurses at the city
hospital who refused voluntary
contributions were discharged
when Miller took office.
Tear Off and Mall
1129 Howe Street,
Vancouver, B. C.
I am with you in building.up a strong fighting press for our movement.    Enclosed find
following:   (One Year $2.60 Six Months $1.25)
Manitoba Minimum
Wage Board Grants
Slight Pay Increases
minimum  Wage  Board  of
^^^^^^ has    issued    new
regulations governing the employment of girls in laundries and in
dyeing and cleaning establishments. The new rules provide that
experienced employees of eighteen
years of age or over shall be paid
a weekly wage of not less than
$12, which is $1 increase over the
present rate. Inexperienced employees are to be paid not less
than $9 for the first six months,
and not less than $10.50 for the
second six months, after which
they are to be classed as experienced. Two changes occur in this
provision—an increase of -50 cents
per week for the second half-year,
and the elimination of the class
"minor inexperienced employees."
The latter under present regulations receives a minimum of $8 per
week, which by the abolition of
this classification becomes $9.
Two conditions governing the
hours of labor for these workers
are added. One provides that there
shall be a period of not less than
eleven hours between the close of
one day's work and tlje beginning
of the next. Another rule provides
for a minimum of one hour for
lunch. The new regulations become effective on June 1st.
Bulgarian Labor
Officials Murdered
According to the latest news
from Bulgaria tho agents of the
government committed ln January
of this year alone 150 muders of
officials of the trade unions, cooperatives and of the radical movement of the Macedonian workers
and peasants. In the course of the
last one and a half years 15 Members of Parliament,have been murdered, of whom four were murdered in the last five months.
Complete Insurance Plan
MELBOURNE, Australia—(FP)
—The federal commission to inquire into national insurance recommends compursory national'insurance to cover sickness, maternity, unemployment and old age bc
instituted.    The main  points are:
That membership In a fund fo
finance the plan be compulsory,
that a sickness benefit of $7.r,0 a
week be payable to adult Insured
members during the first 6 months
when incapacitated. Page Four
Friday, June 12, 1928
BRUSSELS, Belgium—(FP) —
Why mtfst English miners accept
starvation wages? To undersell
Belgian and German and American miners.—Why must Belgian
miners accept starvation wages?
To undersell German and American and English miners.—Why
must German miners accept starvation wages? To undersell American and English and Belgian
miners.—Why are American operators demanding a 33 per cent
wage cut? Oh! quit your kidding,
it just works round in a circle and
starts over again.
That is what the Mine Workers
International meeting at Brussels
has decided. It elected Frank
Hodges, former secretary of the
British miners, as permanent secretary to handle the interests of
coal miners of all countries as
a single world problem.
Ruhr miners, forced to accept
long hours and low wages, have
accumulated 8,000,000 tons of
coal for which there is no market
and are now facing part-time. Yet
Italians have closed their purchasing office in England and contracted for 2,000,000 tons a year
for 6 years from the Ruhr.
American miners have accepted
such low wages that they have
taken away the French state railway market from British miners
who are now faced with part-time
employment or none at all in spite
of tho lowest wages in their his
Belgian miners accepted a 6 per
cent cut May 1 and face a demand
for a further 5 per cent cut tentatively set for July 1. German
coal has killed even their home
Production of coal has been'
over-developed on a world basis.
This Is a natural result of competitive capitalism. It means a
waste of world resources. But it
means still more the ability of the
owning class to pit national groups
of coal miners against eaeh other
to force low wages.
[By Leland Olds, Federated Press'
Industrial  Editor]
CHICAGO—(FP)—The report
of the National Industrial (employers') Conference board showing that in March, 1925, industry
was employing 20 per cent fewer
workers than in June, 1020, marks
the rapidity with which automatic
machines are displacing human
workers. With production so
high that the country could riot
absorb all the goods turned out,
hundreds of thousands of workers were looking for a chance to
The Wall Street Journal' reports
that the B. F. Goodrich Co., manu
facturers of tires and rubber footwear, are producing approximately
the same number of tires as in
1920 with a little over half as
many workers, 15,000 compared
with 25,000 in 1920. An important
factor in the profitable showing
made by Goodrich in 1924, says
the journal, was the installation of
more modern machinery which re-
suited in reducing overhead.
More Work ln Less Time
The latest issue of Iron Age
shows the following examples of
modern machinery reducing labor
on -various operations: A shop
cutting bronze driving-box shoes
replaced a 10-year old planing
machine with a new 48-inch Gray
maximum service planer. Operating time was cut from 30 to 20
minutes. The investment of $4700
i. earning annual net profits of
43.6 per cent. A railroad shop
reduced the time for grinding
crank pins from 45 to 20 minutes
by an investment of $2,540 ln
new machinery. The annual net
profit on the new investment ls
estimated at 108.3 per cent.
480-Mlnute Job ln 550 Minutes
In milk bottle factories the substitution of a jigged up turret lathe
for an engine lathe operated by a
craftsman  of the old school  has
reduced the time for making
molds from 480 to 50 minutes.
The additional Investment of $4739
made a net profit of 384.4 per
cent though the tools were depreciated 100 per cent a year and
the machine was busy only two-
thirds of the time.
Development of the internal
gear spindle drive in* connection
with radial drills by the American
Tool works reduced the time for
boring locomotive side rods from
540 to 58 minvites. The time for
one roughing and two finishing
cuts on the inner cam surface of
a pump body was reduced from
40 to 12 minutes by a No. 2-A
Kearney & Trecker Milwaukee
milling machine. Allowing 100
per cent annual depreciation the
net profits of this equipment were
309.2 per cent.
Notes From the Crow's
Nest Pass Mines
The mine workers in the Crows
Nest Pass camps are already
learning that a reduction in wages
does not result ln Increase of employment. During the past week
the mines worked as follows:
Greenhlll mine, Blairmore, three
days; Hillcrest mine, three days;
Bellevue mine, two days; jthe International mine, Coleman, three
days, and the McGillivary mine at
Coleman, four days.
eggs,   1  cupful  of  sugar,
cupful of warm water, 1 teaspoonful of flavoring, 1 cupful of pastry
flour, 1 teaspoonful of baking powder 2 tablespoonfuls of hot melted
Beat the eggs and sugar together
to a creamy batter, add the water,
which should be only warm, not
hot, then the flour sifted with the
baking powder; beat very hard,
and finally pour in the melted butter, which should be sizzling hot,
adding the flavoring at this time.
Lose no time ln getting the cake
into the oven which should be of
moderate temperature 350 degrees
F. Bake about thirty-five minutes.
Excellent for either loaf or a layer cake.
6 eggs, 1 cupful of granulated
sugar, 1 cupful of pastry flour, %
teaspoonful of salt, 1 tablespoonful
of warm water, -^teaspoonful of
vanilla, almond or lemon extract.
Beat the whites of the eggs very
stiff, adding the sugar and flavoring during the beating, then fold
in the well beaten yolks, and combine all to a creamy fluff. Sift the
flour before measuring, then add
the salt and sift again, fold into
the egg and sugar mixture. Pour
into a greased and floured pan,
spreading the batter evenly with a
spatula, bake about ten minutes in
an oven heated to 400 degrees F.
Spread thickly with marshmallow
filling or icing, roll up closely,
wrap in a towel for a short period
then cover with a chocolate icing,
if wished, or serve with whipped
3 eggs, 1 cupful of granulated
sugar, y_ cupful of cold water, 1
cupful of pastry flour, 1 teaspoonful of lemon extract, 1 teaspoonful
of baking powder, >4 teaspoonful
of salt, 2 teaspoonfuls of hot melted butter.
Sift the flour and measure it,
then add the baking powder and
salt and sift all to gether once
more. Break the eggs into a mixing bowl and beat to a froth, add
the sugar, water, extract and flour,
beating thoroughly after each ingredient enters the bowl with a
large rotary egg beater. Last of
all whip in the hot melted butter and pour into the prepared
pan. Bake and roll as directed,
using for a filling a tart jelly
which has been slightly warmed
and beaten to a paste,
4 eggs, 1 cupful of Sugar, 1 cupful of pastry flour, 1 teaspoonful
of baking powder, 2 tablespoonfuls
of hot melted butter, Ye cupful of
chopped seeded dates, „ cupful
of chopped pecans, 1 tablespoonful
of vanilla or lemon extract, M,
teaspoonful of salt.
Beat the whites and yolks of the
eggs separately, then combine and
beat again, adding the sugar gradually. Beat to a batterlike consistency, then add the flour, sifted
measured, then sifted again with
the baking powder and salt, alternately with the dates and nuts.
Flavor and add the butter. Bake
in a shallow pan in a 350 degree
F. oven about forty-five minutes,
sprinkling the top with powdered
sugar when finished. Cut in blocks
or strips for serving.
Nothing Left For
Indians But Happy
Hunting Grounds
[By Sydney Warren, Federated
Press  Staff  Correspondent]
The Allied Indian tribes of British Columbia are going to inform
Uncle Sam that so far as they are
concerned there Is no International border.
A recent ruling of the United
States immigration authorities barring Indians from unhindered passage across the international boundary line is responsible for this
action. Andy Paul, secretary of
the. allied tribes, announced the
Indians of British Columbia were
protesting against the ruling and
calling the American government's
attention to the fact that Indians
hitherto have never been called
upon to recognize the existence of
an international boundary, and demanding that the ancient right of
free passage be restored.
With the Canadian government
crowding the red man out of his
best lands and Uncle Same denying him the right to move south
about the only place left for the
Canadian Indian to go to ls the
Pacific Ocean, or his own "happy
hunting grounds".
There are still twenty-five men
(most of whom have families of
from two to eight children) dis
criminated against at Hillcrest.
Collections are being taken up at
the other mines in the Crow tb
provide them with the necessities
of life. Owing to the slack time
being worked and the small wages
being made the amounts collected
are small.
The miners not only received a
reduction in wages, but the working conditions are going from bad
to worse and contract miners in
some of the mines are now packing their timber, bucking their
coal, building their chutes and
bradishing for nothing.
If small black beetles are seen
on potato vines spray with Bordeaux mixture.
Per Ton, Delivered
Leslie Coal
Co. Ltd.
944 Beach Ave.
Sey. 7137
Subscribe to The Advocate
For live readable news of the
farmer-labor movement, read THE
"The cause combatted for is
yours; the efforts and sacrifices
made to win it ought, therefore,
to be yours."—Mazzini.
A fighting labor press can't be
built by wishing. Send ln your
sub today.
Notice to Oontracton
Third Street and Flrat Street Concrete
SEALED TENDERS, .nuked "Tender
for Third Street" and "Tender for
First Street" concrete paving, respectively, will be received by R. F. Arch*
Ibald, City Clerk, at the City Hall,
North Vancouver, np to 4 o'clock p.m.
on June 15th, 1925, for constructing *
concrete pavement on Third Street and
Cotton Road from Heywood Avenue to
the Lynn Creek steel highway bridge,
and on the north side of First Street
from Rogers Avenue to the lane east
of Lot 39, Blook 156, DL. 274, City
of  North Vancouver.
Forms of tender, specifications, gen*
eral eonditlons, agreement and bond
forms, together with plans, may be ob*
talned upon applieation to the City En*
gineer of North Vanoouver upon pay*
ment of the sum of $10.00, which
amount will be refunded when plant
and specifications, ete,, are returned ln
good order.
Eaoh tender must be accompanied by
an accepted bank cheque on a chartered
bank of Canada, made payable to the
City Treasurer, for ten per eent. (10%)
Df the amount of auch tender, whieh
shall be forfeited if the successful tenderer declines to enter into a eontraot
when called npon to do so. The cheques
of unsuccessful tenderers will be returned to them upon execution of the
Tenders must be made out on forms
supplied by the City Engineer and ahall
be signed with the actual signature of
the tenderer.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
City Engineer.
City Hall,
North Vancouver, B.C.,
June Snd, 1915.
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will Cure Your  Rheumatism, Lumbago, Neuritis or Bail Cold
711 Hastings St. W. Phone Sey. 2070
'Famous"—the Store tot
IT IS always our aim to give cus-i
tomers what they want—we never;
attempt to sell anything by force.!
We know our goods are right—ini
quality, style and wearing properties.1!
We rely upon our merchandise to]
sell itself, giving advice and service]
to help, our customers choose,
619-623 Hastings Street West
Wonderful values, made in Prince of Wales style, of fine quality Polo cloth, well tailored and neatly finished—also some
attractive loose-back coats in popular shades, such as rust,
green, sand, rose and a light plaid. -tQ 0---%
Sizes to 42.    Price
Smartly  designed and full-lined  coats,  ln  green,   rust,  crab
apple, sand a,nd other good shades.   Some are ■ttneUNb fin-
lshed with fur trimming on collar, others becomingly finished
with contrasting facings.   Sizes to 40.
ningiy  -i-uo*******"-
es to *v,    v***-
/ A
Made of canton crepe, polret twill and
trlcotine, showing bright shades, as well
as navy and black, In sizes to 40, Values from $16.00 to •*--—,
$25.00.    Price 	
Smart for street or Indoor wear, fashioned ln stripe repp, Cheviot or novelty
} cloth, with vests attractively embroidered ln contrasting shades. These suits
are smart for general and practical
wear, and entirely new this season.'
Sizes to 38. <£1Q QC
Regular $29.50 for  «|>l»/.*UO
Quite  new  and  very  smart  for  sport
wear.    Made with waist of broadcloth
attached and finished with stiff collar I
and cuffs.    The jumper skirt ls made*
of  fine  quality flannel.    All  the new'
shades from which to Q_A_ QC
choose'.    Reg. $10.60 for V^aVO
One of the most popular garments for
the season,, suitable for golf or any
sport wear. These are well knitted .In
smart novelty patterns, the coats are
shown in cardigan, tuxedo and balkan
effect, the skirts are neatly finished on
elastic bands. A large variety of colors
from whioh to choose.
Price  :	
Second Floor.
£ * *IN0W?*->»TW  T?.*"* M*v '"°        ** Iriday, June 1% 1925
Page Five
Vancouver Unions on the March
r is to be congratulated upon the splendid results obtained in its present organizing campaign. It is doubt*
1 ful if in recent years any group of organized workers
fon the North American continent has achieved such
[sucess as that which has crowned their efforts.
When this year began the labor movement of this
city was still drifting along in the apathetic, passive
► condition in which it has been rutted during the past
'few years. Nineteen twenty-five has not yet completed
[half its course, but already the number of new members
Ladded to the labor movement of this town runs into
[the thousands, a fact which speaks volumes for the
, activity of those who have been conducting the organ-
sizing drive. Trades which have not been organized for
'several years are once more in the ranks of the organised labor movement, and unions have been formed of
men hitherto unorganized in this city. In addition to
, this, practically every union in the city has added to
.its numbers, and the morale of the workers has risen
[accordingly. ' il
Vancouver used to be one of the best organized
[towns in the country, but it "fell from grace," for
'reasons needless to enumerate here. Suffice it to say,
' that it is once again on the highroad to winning back its
.former position as one of the leading union towns in
Canada; a fact which those who have conducted the
[campaign have a right to be justly proud of, and which
[those who are members of the movement should strive
[to complete,  It is to be hoped that thoee who have not'
yet seen fit to throw in their lot with the organized
•labor movement will do so soon.   Then we shall see
Vancouver a real one hundred per cent, organized town.
Street-Car Men
NEW HAVEN, Conn.—The Trol-
leymen's Union has demanded an
increase in wages from the Connecticut Co. At present, the
motormen and conductors oh the
two-men cars and the shopmen
get 60 cents an hour. They demand 75 cents. Last year tHe men
struck for 5 cents, and got 3 cents.
Thread Workers
WII-LIMANTIC, Conn.—Threats
of the American Thread Co. that
those of its 2,600 striking employees
who'do not return at once will
lose seniority rights are met by
a statement of the United Textile
Workers union that the strike will
continue until the 10 per cent, cut
has been restored.
farttwr-ftabor Abmuatp
With Which Is Incorporated
I Business  snd Editorial  Office,
-1129 Hove St.
Canadian Farmer-Labor Advocate is
fcon-factional  weekly   newspaper,   giv*
(news of the farmer-labor movement
in action.
NEW YORK.—Unlicensed engineers scabbing in the strike of
union engineers against a group of
big ice companies are protected by
an injunction against arrest for
violation of the law requiring engineers on stationary engines and
steam boilers to pass examinations
and take out licenses.
Kscriptlon Rates; United States and
#reign, $2.50 per year; Canada, $2
nr year, $1 for six months; to unions
nbscribing in a body, 16c per mem-
ler  per   month.
pber  The Federated Press, and  The
British Labor Press
rOU can help make this paper
give better service by send-.
Ig In fanner-labor news and ac-
Ivlties  of  your  district   Mere
fe a few simple rules that will
Hp you write it:
Ifie brief and concise.  Give the
ain Idea of your story in the
'st paragraph, eloborate on lt
the succeeding ones but try
lid  write  so  that  the   editor
uld  cut  your  story  down  to
Ie single first paragraph  nnd
fill have the heart of your news.
ftst try this a few times and
bu'll be surprised how lt slm-
|lfles your writing.  Use simple
language so that anyone
understand you.  Avoid long
Mvcd sentences.
ITrlte   from   a   working-class
kwpolnt but be sure of your
ts and minimize rather than
gerate figures.
emember  that  articles  and
Itorinls are not news.
fAlways   sign   your   name   to
Jiat you write.   It will not be
►Wished unless you consent.
■Labor news is not confined to
fdiistr lal   centres—it   happens
lierever  Capitalism  functions.
fon't think that because some-
ng occurs where you live it
not important as news.  Live
farmer-Labor news Is  "break-
Kg" aU over this province week-
he news by making yourself Its
^respondent in your district.
'send in the news and
Chicago Street Carmen
Stick By Demands
qHICAGO— (FP)—By unanimous vote a mass meeting of Division 241, Amalgamated Association of Street and Electric Railway
Employees, turned down the proposal of the Chicago Surface Lines
that its 14,500 members take a 5c.
an hour cut and lose the 8 hour
day. The men voted to push their
original demands for a 5c. an hour
raise, and limitation of night runs.
The scale which came to an end
June 1st gave the men 75c. an
hour and time and a half after
the 8th hour.
The 5,500 union men on the Chicago Rapid Transit (elevated)
lines, whose contract also expired
June 1st, are demanding a 5c.
hourly increase to 82c. ■ They are
organized as division 308. Both
divisions are simply asking for the
restoration of the 1922 scale.
Pur Workers
MONTREAL.—The International Pur Workers union has called
a general strike of fur workers in
Montreal to enforce union standards in shops where the union is
well organized and to obtain union
agreements in all other shops.
strike of five days, the strike of
the Barbers' Union against the
Master Barbers' Association was
settled with all the demands of
the barbers granted including a
raise in wages of $2.50 a week.
Scab Mine Bosses Lose
Suit Against Union
the international office of the United Mine Workers of America is
clear of the famous Coronado Coal
Co., damage suit. The federal
supreme court decided that the international cannot be held responsible for any injury suffered by
the Coronado and other non-union
mines during the strike of 1914 in
Arkansas. It sends baok to the
federal district court of Western
Arkansas the question whether
District 21, U.M.W.A., which was
made a co-defendant in the suit,
and its affiliated unions and certain individual members were guilty of causing a restraint of interstate commerce because they conducted the strike.
Bosses Seek Pelf
The mine owners claimed that
the strike was a conspiracy in
restraint of interstate commerce,
and as such was punishable under
the anti-trust law in damages
three times the amount of actual
loss suffered by the companies.
In a decision rendered in June,
1922, the supreme court held that
the International union had not
been proved responsible for the
strike, and that the suit should
first have been brought against
the district and local unions and
their leaders. Chief Justice Taft,
in rendering the opinion, denounced the alleged violence and destruction of mine property during
the strike, blaming the union for
11 and suggesting his regret that
he could not legally hold the international to answer.
Union Puts Up Million ,
At that time the U.M.W.A. had
been compelled to put up more
than $1,000,000 of its funds as
security against the award of
damages to the companies that
brought suit.
If They Trouble Ton, Set Us
On Earth
Everything for the
A|pd Always the Best in
Pitman Optical House
(Over Woolworth's—next to
Seymour 1071
Phone Stymour 1351
PASSAIC, N.J.—Passaic plumbers won their two weeks' strike
with a new wage scale of $11 a
day, bringing the weekly wage to
$60.50, exclusive of overtime. About 125 plumbers were involved.
Democracy at Work
In the U. S. A.
Fort Worth, Texas.—District
Judge Lattimore has exhausted his
ingenuity in enjoining organized
butcher workmen from even suggesting that a meat market in this
city is operated under non-union
C. W. Wodman, editor of the
Union Banner, is included in the
order, which prohibits any statement being made as to the antiunion character of the market.
The court further orders that no
picket shall be permitted "in front
of, near, or in the neighborhood
of the plaintiff's place of business."
MONTREAL—(FP)—A resolution declaring that the members
of the union should down tools
on a declaration of war was rejected by the convention of Boot
and Shoe Workers Union of America in session in Montreal. A
resolution favoring the child labor
amendment to the U.S. constitution was passed, as was another
favoring financial assistance to the
striking miners of Cape Breton.
HAZELTON, Pa.—The new agreement won by Hazleton carpenters from the Master Builders
raises wages 12 1-2 cents an hour
to $1.12 1-2 for journeymen and
$1.37 1-2 for foremen.
NEW TORK.—City electricians
are asking $1.50 more a day from
the board of estimates. They are
new getting $9 a day.
PORTLAND, Ore.—(FP) — Along with the usual agricultural
layoff after spring planting, comes
a further reduction in timber operations. Cutting has been greatly reduced, more mills and camps
closed and many night shifts
abolished. Operators claim 50 to
75 per cent normal conditions and
the 4 and 5-day week prevails,
with more lowering of wages and
a rumor of entire cessation in the
lumber Industry. At last the capitalist press here notes a "marked
decline" in employment.
DOWELL, 111.—A notice has
been put up by the Union Colliery
Company at their Kathleen mine
at Dowell, 111., to the following effect:
"AH men looking for employment at this mine shall sign an
application card, which shall be
forwarded to the office in St.
Louis, Mo. The hiring of men shall
be done through the office in St.
Louis, Mo."
The above notice is nothing
more than a blacklist scheme.
The local union has put up a
notice at the mine, stating that
a fine shall be put on all men
signing the application for a Job.
Pass this copy on to your shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
For live readable news of the
farmer-labor movement, read THE
canadian     farmer-labor
Union WiU Audit
Employers' Books
Copenhagen, Denmark.—An advanced form of employe representation in management has been
obtained by a trade union in the
limestone industry.
According to the agreement the
union is authorized to examine the
employers' books and to appoint
its own auditor. This stipulation
is made in order that the workers
may secure accurate information
as to the financial condition of the
concern's business for use in negotiations concerning wages and
hours and other labor conditions.
Coal miners are forbidden tp
talk of joining the union, . and
when spoken to regarding a union
they must remain dumb, under the
temporary injunction granted by
federal judge W. E. Baker to coal
operators in northern West Ver-
ginia. Peaceful picketing is forbidden.
Tenders for Fainting, Kalso-
mining (labor only) and
Lime Washing of Basement,
South Vanoouver Schools.
TENDERS are asked for by the South
Vancouver School Board as above.
Specifications and all information ean
bo obtained at the board offices, 4547
Main stroet. Sealed tenders marked
"Painting, kalsomlning, lime washing,"
must be in the hands of the secretary
not later than 7 p.m. Thursday, June
18, 1925. The lowest or any tender
not necessarily accepted.
JOB WANTED —City or farm.
Single man. Good worker. Box
XI, Farmer-Labor Advocate, 1129
Howe street.
—Meets seeond Monday in the month.
President, J. R. White; secretary, R. H.
Neelands.    P. 0. Box 66.
111, 819 Pender St. West. Business
meetings 1st and 3rd Wednesday evenings. R. H. Neelands, Chairman; E. H.
Morrison, Sec.-Treas.; Angus Maclnnis,
8544 Prince Edward Street, Vancouver,
B.C., Corresponding Secretary.
Any district in British Columbia desiring information re securing speakers
or the formation of local branches, kindly communicate with Provincial Secretary ,T. Lyle Telford, 524 Birks Bldg.,
Vancouver, B.C. Telephono Soymour
1882, or Bayvlew 5520.	
Meets second Thursday evory month
in Holden Building. Presidont. J. Bright-
well; financial socretary, H. A. Bow*
ron, 929 llth Avenuo East.
Tenders for Coal
SEALED TENDERS marked "Coal"
will be received by the School Board,
4547 Main St., up to 7 p.m. Thursday,
June 18, 1925, for the supplying of
approximately 1000 tons of double
screened lump coal for delivery to South
Vancouver schools during July and August. Particulars may be obtained at
the board offices. The lowest or any
tender not necessarily accepted.
Tenders for Paint and
TENDERS are asked for by the South
Vancouver Sohool Board for the supplying of approximately* 200 gallons of
paint and ten barrels of kalsomine.
Specifications may be obtained at. the
board offices, 4547 Main St. Sealed
tenders marked "Paint," must be in
the hands of the seoretary not later
than 7 p.m., June 18, 1925. The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
first and third Fridays In eaeh month
at 445 Richards street. President, David
Cuthlll, 2852 Albert stroot; secretary-
treasurer, Oeo. Harrison, 1182 Parker
•—Local 882—Meets every Wednesday
at 8 p.m., Room 806. Holden Building.
President, Charles Price; bnsiness agent
and financial secretary, F. L, Hunt; recording secretary, J. T. Venn.
UNION, Local 145, A. F. of M.—
Meets in Cotillion Hall, corner of Davlo
and. Granville streets, second Sunday at
10 a.m. President, E. A. Jamieson, 991
Nelson street; secretary, J. W. Allen,
991 Nelson street; financial secretary,
W. E. Williams, 991 Nelson street; or*
panlser,  F.  Fletcher,   991 Nelson street.
ERATION**---Moets at 991 Nelson street
at 11 a.m. on the Tuesday preceding
the first Sunday of the month. President, Harry Pearson, 991 Nelson street;
seeretary, E. A. Jamieson, 991 Nelson
strenr- business agent, F. Fletcher, 991
Nelson street
President. R. P. Pettipiece; vice-president, C. F. Campbell; secretary-treasurer, R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 66.
Meets last Sunday of each month at 2
p.m. In Holdon Building. 16 Hastings E.
UNION. No. 413—President, S. D.
Macdonald; secretary-treasurer, J. M.
Campbell, P.O. Box 689. Meets last
Thursday of each month. Page Six
Friday, June 12,' 1925
Canadian   Robert   Dollar,   Union
Fare  from  Vancouver  by  boat
and stage  $4.50.    Camp  2  is  six
miles   from   Deep   Bay.     Timber
poor and ground  rough.    Falling
and bucking by the million. Fallers    and    buckers    not    making
wages.   Grading by the mile. Grub
good at $1.20 per.;  white kitchen
staff; blankets $1.00 per week; no
bed maker; bath and dry-room O.
K..    Graders are sleeping in tents,
rest in bunkhouses, eight men to a
bunkhouse  which  are  kept; fairly
clean.    Bunkhouses  are   built  of
single lumber and are well ventilated by cracks in sides, door, and
floor.   Electric lights in all bunkhouses.     Logging   close  to   camp.
Wages   $3.25   low;   loaders   $5.00;
chokermen     $4.25,       This    outfit
would be "high-ball" if the super
had his way, but owing to his ignorance of logging he is not able
to  put it over.    His sole accomplishment in this line is his success
in   getting   the   section   men   out
ten minutes ahead of time.   On the
whole this camp is as good as the
average on Vancouver Island. The
bunkhouse conversation ranges all
the   way   from   the   social   consequences of "beer by the glass" to
the   iniquities   of   fellow   worker
Hicks;  but the  tone  is  decidedly
better than two or three yearsago.
What the Blacklist Did
THB COST of maintaining the blacklist against union workers by the Loggers' Association of British Columbia is
being paid for from the daily earnings of the working loggers.
This fact is revealed by the following comparison of the wages
paid to lumber workers in B. C. and that paid for the same
class of work in the States of Oregon and Washington:
Wage Rates in Coast Logging Camps
As at January 1, 1925
British Columbia
Low    High
Fallers  (head)   $4.50   $6.00
Fallers  (second)    4.25    5.75
"" 4.50
More than 200 men and women
in northern West Virginia are in
jail for defying the courts thai
restrain the peaceful organizing
efforts of the United Mine Workers. It is predicted in the region
that further injunctions will place
the entire coal section under control of the courts which are lined
up with the operators in the class
We pay special attention
to fitting our suits and
so give, satisfaction to
our customers.
$25 to $40
Limited   -
Cor. Homer and Hastings St.
Buckers     3.75
Hook-Tenders   5.50
Donkey Engineers   5.00
Chokermen     3.75
The above is the workers share
in "the people's partenership in
British Columbia timber" so copiously written about by the Timber
Industries , Council of British Columbia during their hectic propaganda campaign to obtain a reduction in the royalty charges on lumber. Through the good offices of
the benevolent Premier Oliver,
plus the persuasive abilities of
their own representatives in the
provincial Legislature they obtained what they desired; and now we
find that this advertising has also
been paid for from the impoverished pay cheque of the working loggers.
The conditions under which lumber is produced is practically the
same on the Coast of B. C. as it
is in Washington and Oregon, yet,
as the above table shows, in all
cases the wages paid on this side
of the line are lower than that
paid in the States. Take the case
of "buckers" for example. These
men, we find, are being robbed
to the extent of $1.25 per day, receiving 25 per cent, less wages
than that paid for this class of
work in the States.
In addition to this the loggers
on the Canadian side have had
their working period reduced almost fifty per cent.    Up until re-
Washingt 'n-Oregon
With the Marine Workers
cently the camps generally operated about ten months per year,
today they are operating from five
to six months, leaving the loggers
to shift for themselves during the
remainder of the year. Already
this year the camps have shut
down once, and the lumbermen are
contemplating another close down
in the near future.
Hundreds of men are being shipped into the country to work in the
camps, and hundreds have been
chased out by the vicious blacklist maintained by the lumber companies to prevent union members
securing a job. Recently this notorious institution has had to undergo a change In management,
the late incumbent of the managers chair having been caught
red-handed accepting money for a
job. The matter was immediately
quietly hushed up by the lumber
operators, and the manager fired.
The fact that the lumber companies can slash wages to such a
low point on this side of the line
is a direct outcome of the operations of this blacklist scheme, and
it is no wild phantasy to say that
the loggers on the Coast of British Columbia now find themselves
in the position where they have to
directly support a blacklist to be
used against themselves.
Toronto Cloak Workers
Locked Out
The Original
Logging Boot
Quick Service for Bepairs
All Work Guaranteed
Special Attention  to  Jjall Orders-
H. Harvey
Established in Vancouver in 1897
Toronto.Ont.—The Royal and
Continental Cloak Company, broke
last week its agreement with the
Toronto Cloak Joint Board and
locked out its one hundred workers.
The Royal firm was a member of
the Toronto Cloak Manufacturers'
Association which only a few
months ago had signed an agreement with the Union. This firm,
however, has been hankering for
the days when it used to run its
factory on the "open-shop" basis
and has continually violated its
pact with the workers' organization. Finally, It broke away completely from the association and
locked out its workers. The Union forthwith replied with a strike.
It All Depends
Great rejoicing in the Financial
Post, Montreal Gazette, and other
organs p. high finance when Russia prepared to spend ten or twelve
millions for Canadian flour. But
when the Russian workers donated
$5,000 to help their comrades, the
striking miners of Cape Breton, oh,
horrors! the money mustn't be
touched, it's tainted!
Irish Rail Strike
Is Imminent
Dublin, Ireland.—The railway
workers of Ireland are menaced by
an attempt to cut their already insufficient wages on the part of the
Irish railway administration. This
is tending to bring about a strike
as a defensive measure.
All Irish railway workers in both
North and South are affected, as
all are threatened with a cut of
five shillings a week. The men are
organized in the Railway Transport Union which has its chief
strength in England and C. T.
Cramp, the head of this union is
now In Ireland fighting the case of
the men before an arbitration
Let no one imagine that there
are any short cuts to a labor paradise. To build better labor conditions means the evolutionary process of hard trade union work. It
ls that work that brought us where
we are. It is that work that will
carry us farther along the path to
better living.
So this is the paper you have
been wanting? Prove it by supporting it with your subscription
and those of your neighbors and
Waltham, Hamilton and Illinois Watches Kept In Stock
[By   Sydney   Warren,   Federated
Press Staff Correspondent]
■yANCOUVER, B. C—Another
way in which the Canadian
government is trying to reduce
expenses on its' Over-capitalized
and war-profiteer built fleet is by
compelling seamen signing aboard
the vessels to release the company
from its obligation to return them
tos their home port for discharge.
In all countries it is the marine
law that deep-sea vessels must
bring their crews back to the port
at which they signed articles, to
discharge them, but the Canadian
Government Merchant Marine has
desregarded this and forces seamen sailing aboard its vessels to
sign ship's articles freeing the company from, this obligation. No
mention of the "home port" is
made but the articles state that the
destination of the vessel shall be:
"From wherever the outward destination of the vessel is and from
thence to any port or ports between Latitude of 75 degrees North
and 60% degrees South to and fro
as required, for a .period of not exceeding twelve months, and to end
at such port in the Dominion of
Canada as may be required by thc
This means that a Canadian seaman may sign aboard one of the
government's vessels on the Pacific Coast sail with the vessel to
the Atlantic and then be discharged at Halifax or Montreal, thousands of miles from his home port.
Many seamen, in fact, have already suffered this experience and
were discharged in Atlantic ports
with less than a month's wages and
as the fare from Halifax or Montreal to the Coast is over $100, the
men are left stranded thousands of
miles from their home and friends.
The Canadian Seafarers' Union is
trying to acquaint other seamen
with the conditions obtaining
aboard vessels of the Canadian
government and is demanding that
the government adhere to the old
regulation of returning a seaman
to the vessel's home port before
discharging him.
Canadian Seafarers
Retain Union Wage
Scale on Whalers'
[Special to The Advocate]
Victoria, B. C.—The Federated
Seafarers Union of Canada won a
fight to retain union wages and
living conditions aboard whaling
vessels owned by the Consolidated
Whaling Co. A few hours before
the first three vessols of the company's whaling fleet set out for ■
the whaling grounds, the crews
were informed that the bonus on
each whale would be reduced from
$3 to $2. The men informed the
company that new crews would
have to be signed and after some
haranguing, the boss agreed to pay
all seamen at the old schedule
which called for $80 a month
wages and no bonus for firemen,
and $50 a month and $3 bonus on
each whale caught, for sailors.
The company claimed that the
Sei whales caught were not as pro
Stable as* sperm whales but the
men pointed out that the number
of whales caught Increased each
year. The seamen also got the
right of checking off dues from
wages of seamen joining the union
for the flrst time and then signing
on a members of whaling crews.
Sailors Refuse To
Scab on Coolies
VICTORIA, May 24.—When the
Chinese crew of the S.S. Tatjana
recruited at $10 a month in Hongkong  demanded  an  advance    oh,
their wages when the vessel arrived at New Westminster, the white'
captain  refused  and  the  Chinese'
then went on strike.    They were
arrested and lodged in the immigration sheds by the port authorities.    The owners of    the    vessel
pretended that the crew had been*
arrested  for dope    running    and-l
tried to secure from the Federated 1
Seafarers Union white seamen to]
act as scabs. . The secretary of the ,
union  revealed the true  state of*)
affairs and  told the  owners thatJ
unionists would see the packet ini
Davy   Jones'   locker   before   theyJ
would scab on Chinese getting $10 \
a month.
Pass this copy on to your shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
Patronize  Our  Advertisers
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
Red Star Drug Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
We Make a Special Effort to Get Goods Out by First Mall
After Receipt of Your Order
Corner Oordova and Carrall
Vancouver, B.O.
Empire Cafe and Grill
Under Personal Management of HAROLD DEGG* and BOB KRAUSi.
Lata 54th Batt.—Late 72nd Batt.
Always Open
76 Hastings Street East
Phone Sey. 8108
Vancouver, B.O. Friday,. June 12, 1925
Page Seven
Mr. Lloyd George, the Premier
who, according to a ceremonious
compliment paid him recently by
Lord Oxford and Asquith, was
mainly responsible for winning the
war, comes in for some rough
handling in an Evening Standard
article on "The Underplay of Politics."
The writer describes the success
of the intrigue that in 1916 displaced Mr. Asquith from the
Premiership in favor of Mr. Lloyd
George, and after some acid comment on the shiftiness of the Tory
faction, who, led by Mr. Bonar
Law, gave way, "according to
plan," goes on to say:
"The spectators saw nothing of
all this underplay. They were
told by their papers that Mr. Asquith was slow and Mr. Lloyd
George was quick, and that what
Mr. Joseph Chamberlain called
'push and promptitude,' would
shortly end the war.
Austria Offered Peace
"But did the spectators know,
or were they told, that at the very
hour when Mr. Lloyd George
leaped into Mr. Asquith's seat a
definite offer of peace had arrived
from the Emperor of Austria?
The Prince. Slxte de Bourbon, the
brother of the Empress, arived
with an autograph letter from
Charles offering to withdraw from
the war if the Allies would guarantee his empire against Germany.
"If Austria had pulled out of the
war, Bulgaria and Turkey must
have followed, and Germany's
flank or rear being uncovered,
peace must have ensued In the beginning of 1917	
"As Mr. Lloyd George had just
been made Premier on the knockout blow ticket, what chance had
the unfortunate Charles of being
listened to.   (Emphasis ours).
"The Austrian Emperor may
have been mistaken, and his proposal may have been impracticable.
But at least the peoples of Italy,
France and Britain might have
been allowed to decide upon the
facts. But of all these things, of
this most sinister piece, of underplay, the spectators were not allowed to catch a glimpse. It was
not until four years after the peace
that the Prince Sixte's narrative
was published."
©to • (fomdrg Kate Hm&
British Unemployed  To
li The British National Unemployed Workers Movement is proposing to.organize during the summer
an unemployed march on the lines
of the national demonstrations of
two years ago.
The Committee are inviting contingents to be formed in every industrial centre in the country with
a common meeting place. As far
as possible only single men will
be asked to take part.
British Shopmen Demand Bonus
The Shopmen's Lines Commit-
' tee of the Great Central Section of
the London and N. E. Railway are
to take steps to enforce payment
•of the 6s. 6d. a week war bonus.
It is stated that the company has
consistently refused to recognise
l..the award.
By an award of the Industrial
j SGourt, manual employees in electrical supply undertakings on the
British South Coast will receive an
increase of 2s. per week.
The workers affected who number about 1,200 made application
for a flat increase of -is.
British Unemployment Fund
The average weekly revenue of
the British Unemployment Fund
for the past three months has been
£938,000, and the average weekly
expenditure for the last month
£990,000,  including £30,000 which
ft   is not recurrent.   The t'ebt. on May
P   :9, was £7,620,000.
"Red Letter" Plot
A Pure Forgery
British Trades Union Congress
has approved the report of the
delegation, which inquired into the
famous "Red Letter" plot.
The delegation inspected the con
fidential archives of the Communist International, at Moscow, and
are quite satisfied that the notorious Zinovieff letter was a forgery.
The General Council urges that
a committee of the Labor Party,
in conjunction with the Foreign
Office officials and the Home Office shall be given facilities to
make a thorough investigation into the whole matter ln this country, in order to find out how the
"document" came to be made the
basis for diplomatic action.
Ay„einiie,ieiniiiiigiiiiiiiit„ti ii imiit ent i eniu_,i|i
Gems From the British
Labor Press
Slavery Reintroduced;
Compulsory Labor in
British Kenya Colony
]\fOT content with telling tall
stories and making irresponsible allegations as to the conscrip
tion of labor in Russia, the British Government has actually put
this system Into operation in one
of their Colonies—Kenya.
Mr. Amery, the Colonial Secretary, made the admission, when in
the House of Commons, he stated
in reply to a question concerning
the railway in Kenya:
Approval has been given for the
compulsory recruitment of labor
for railway construction of 4,000
at any one time.
It is a poor commentary on the
glory of the British Empire that
the British Government has found
il necessary to resort to the introduction of slavery.
British Mine War
Looms Near; Owners
Demand Reductions
•yHERE is a World crisis in the
coal trade, and British owners
want hours increased and wages
reduced to enable them to undersell the Germans.
Unemployment is increasing, and
the owners are attempting to break
the National Agreement by reducing rates at various pits.
The miners' executive is opposed
to longer hours and lowering rates
believing the miners' conditions
warrant increases instead of reductions.
The methods adopted by coal
owners in different'- districts to
make settlements outside the Miners' Federation, which is being
boosted in the capitalist press, ls a
mean and underhanded attempt to
undermine the miners' organization.
The whole committee are united
ln opposition to worse conditions,
and are endeavoring to unite the
whole trade union movement to
form a united front to protect the
interests of all the workers of
Scotch Sawmill Workers to Strike
Woodcutting machinists in the
sawmill industry in Scotland have
balloted In favor of a strike to enforce their claim for an Increase of
3d. an hour, a 44-hour week, and
payment  for annual  holidays.
A British baronet who disagreed
with his wife and who" lived in a
Palace in Vienna, lived in one wing
of the mansion, relegating his wife
to the other. Now just look at the
Inconvenience he would have had
to suffer if he had been living in
a single room. The limit of his
disgust would have been the opposite side of the fire-place.—"For
* »    *
They used to make Lenin eat
£2000 worth of choice fruit in the
week, but that I think was to excite the butchers; and when he was
said to drink the blood of. his aristocratic victims that clearly was tp
arouse the Beer and Stout industry to the imminent peril of a new
* »    »
From careful Investigation I
have discovered that there are, as a
matter of fact, two classes.
These have been described to me
by "people that count" as "The
People that matter" and "The Under dog."
Well, all I can say is—Beware of
the Dog.—"Sunday Worker"
* »    *
A medical student of Chicago
has entered upon a two years fasting diet, his idea being to discover
how much food is needed for keen
thinking. The British problem for
millions is the amount of keen
thinking necessary to get enough
* »    »*
A cat has its claws at the end
of its paws, but a comma has its
pause at the end of its clause.—
"Sunday Worker."
* .    *
"Have you any money?" asked
the Clerk of the Court of a deaf
"Not gullty.slr," he replied.
- ♦    *    *
"I think cigar-smoking is an excellent antidote to revolution and
Bolshevism in this country."—Lord
Open Shop Drive
in England
London, Eng.,—The scheme of
lord Weir fo erect standardized
steel houses on a Ford mass production basis means a new extension of scientific management and
slavery to the machine. The British building trades unions are determined to flght it to the last
ditch. Weir's plan presupposes
complete disregard of the trade
union conditions established by
joint agreement in the industry,
substituting semiskilled metal
workers on a piecework basis.
British Old-Age Pensions
The average ages at which pensions are granted in Britain are as
follows: Old-age pensions, 70;
blind old-age pensions, 10; Army,
40; Navy, 43; teachers, 62; police
Small Holdings ln Scotland
335,814 acres of land tn Scotland
have been purchased for small
holdings since January 1, 1919.
Destroy noxious weeds in fence
corners and fields; don't let them
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings St. East, Sey.  988-672     665 OranviUe Street   Sey. 0613-1391
161 Hastlnga St. W Sey. 1370     1047 Oeorgia St. West     Sey.  7412
Insulting the Dead;
Magisterial Insolence
A sense of decency or even a
mere ability to mind his own business might have saved a London
coroner trom a disgraceful display
of bad feeling at an inquest on
an elderly unemployed decorator,
of whom it was said in evidence
that he was a heavy drinker.
"Like most people who draw the
'dole,' " was the astonishing comment of the coroner, who apparently thought it so important to
air his private opinion (if such an
ignorant notion deserves to be
called an "opinion") that he did
not hesitate to insult a tragedy
which, as a well-paid but superfluous official, he no doubt failed
to understand.
This preaching of anti-working-
class propaganda from "cowards'
castles" is too common a feature
of the courts today. An Enfield
Bumble thought it necessary to
ask an accused out-of-work laborer: "Did you get drunk-.. on the
"Get drunk on the dole!" retorted the man bitterly. "It isn't
enough to live on; let alone get
drunk on."
General Sir Ian Hamilton supplied a view which ought to be
passed on the bench of some
courts of justice. In unveiling
Dundee War Memorial he said:
"The memorial cries out to the
four winds of heaven with 4,000
voices that many of our comrades
who went over the top as bravely
as they themselves are still existing, more dead than alive, on thp
An inspector of the N.S.P.C.C.
has recently made a tour of the
barges on English canals, and now
publishes his statistics.
During his tour he saw 1,440
children. Of these he reports that
1,139 have received little or no
education. He only saw 63 children whose education he could describe as "good."
On the other hand he came
across 237 who had never been to
school. Continuing, he tells us
that he saw 402 boys and 276 girls,
all of school age, working on the
barges at hauling, driving and
Of these boys and girls so employed, 31 were eight years old,
12 were seven years, and 8 were
six years old.
He states that it was quite com-
Tl/TR.    BALDWIN,    in   a   recent
speech, said that "freedom ls
the cement which binds the empire."
In order to grasp the full Importance of what freedom means, listen to the answers given recently
in the house of commons by Earl
Winterton (Under-Secretary of
State for India) in reply to labor
Mr. Morgan Jones asked the
Under Secretary of State for India
whether flogging as a punishment
still persists in the Indian army.
Earl Winterton: A commanding
officer of a unit on active service
may award corporal punishment
not exceeding 12 strokes with a
rattan to followers who are menial
servants. This is the only case ln
which corporal punishment can be
awarded in the Indian army, whether in peaoe or war.
Mr. Jones: Is it not the right
hon. gentleman's opinion, and the
opinion of the Government, that
the time has come to do away with
this form of punishment in the
Indian army as in the British
Earl Winterton: The hon. mem-
be/ is mistaken in supposing that
it is in the army. It refers only to
those followers who are in a very
different category, and this punishment is only used in very exceptional circumstances, I see no
reason why it should be abolished.
Mr. Jones: It Is not desirable to
abolish it in the case of menial servants, as in the case of other people?
Earl Winterton: It is a matter
on which the hon. member must
form his own opinion. My opinion
i3 contrary.*- (Hansard, May 11,
On the same day Earl Winter-
ton, in answer to a question on
the hours and wages of Indian
miners stated that they worked 46
hours per week for the princely
sum of $2.00 per week, or a little
over 2 cents an hour.
British Exports to Russia
Exports of British manufacturers to Russia increased from £308,-
696 in the flrst quarter of 1924 to
£1,502,393 in the corresponding
quarter of 1925. Exports from
Britain to Russia of foreign and
Colonial merchandise similarly increased from £677,134 to £3,097,-
mon to see a man and one child
working one boat and his wife and
another child working'the other.
The general conditions he describes  as  inadequate.      ,
This is not the report of a wild
red Communist, but of a responsible official of a respectable Institution,
gTOVES AND RANGES," both malleable and
steel, McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride,
installed free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or $2.00 per week. v
Canada Pride Range Company Limited
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
Ask for CATTO'S.    For aale at aU Government Liquor Stores
This advertisement is not published or displayed by tlie Liquor Control
Board or by the Oovernment. of British Columbia
I Page Eight
Friday, June 12, 1921
&<UkrU& T^e
Address All Letters  a*nd
Remittances to the Editor
The Canadian Farmer-Labor Advocate
Royal Raiment
[By J. A. B.]
DICKING up a copy, in the bunk-
■*• house, of that literary production which is so whole heartedly
devoted to the interests of Big
Business, "The Saturday Evening
Post," dated March 7th, 1925, I
chanced upon an article under the
caption, "Royal Raiment," which
it is alleged was written by a sawmill laborer, in the U. S. A.
Here is an extract from it: "I
bought my last suit a year ago with
money earned from a job handling
lumber. It is of soft brown checks
and from a rich piece of Scotch
woolen, lt cost me $65.00. WJien
I bought it I had a $35.00 blue
serge, and a $50.00 grey tweed."
Digest that you thirty cents an
hour saw-mill laborers of B. C,
who are fortunate if you possess a
suit of ready made clothes to
change into from overalls, but let
us proceed: "My dress up wardrobe filled one whole suitcase, my
work outfit another. I had five
pairs of shoes; one pair of sixteen
dollar logger boots; a pair of ten
dollar dress shoes, and three minor
pairs. Silk shirts; three hats and
xtwo caps; a jersy; a roughneck
sweater; a mackinaw; and a jerk-
Like an Inventory
This reads like the inventory of
a department in Spencer's store.
Did you notice the silk shirts?—
number not stated, but just thrown
on the pile to make weight. What's
a silk shirt more or less to a sawmill laborer in the good old U. S.
A. ? Let us take a few more items
in the catalogue: "A slicker, and
a forty dollar whipcord raincoat;
three pairs of work pants; a heavy
leather apron (weight not stated);
and a pair of mittens for handling
lumber a stack of more intimate
garments; enough neckkties to
make a bedspread. I drove a glittering Sedan. I was proud of my
possessions, proud of living as a
laborer who could dress as well
and live as well, if not with such
extravagence, as the manager of
the mill where I worked."
A Real Tale
No, this is not one of these stories of the future, when the worker
controls the means of production,
but a supposedly truthful article depicting the pleasant lot of the sawmill laborers In the U. S. A., bo
all you sawmill laborers of B. C.
who want "enough neckties to
make a bedspread;" "a stack of
the more intimate garments"; or
"a glittering jsedan" had better
get a move on.
It is reported that a number of
the prospectors who had planned
taking part in the gold rush to the
Cassiar district have changed their
plans, and are now headed south.
One reads in the Vancouver papers of parties of men being arrested trying to cross the border
surreptlously into the U. S. A., and
—I am letting you in on a secret
which threatens to demoralize the
saw-mill industry—these are sawmill laborera of B. C. who are readers of the "Saturday Evening Post.'
What's the use of joining a
union, or organizing for better
wages or conditions when a sawmill laborer's Paradise lies south
of the International Boundary. I
wonder why the author of "Royal
Raiment" does not mention how
much he pays his valet.
Cost of Living
On May 1 the cost of living in
Britain was 73 per cent, above that
of July, 1914, as compared with
75 per cent, on April 1st.
1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C.
11 oalled in the near future. This decision was arrived at by
the annual conference of the Australian Labor Party, and has
since received the official endorsation of the Labor Party of
New Zealand. Immediate steps are being taken to get in touch
with labor bodies in the United States, Canada, Japan, China,
Philippines and the East Indies, with the view of securing the
attendance of labor delegates from each of these countries.
The object of the conference is to have the labor movement
in each country refuse to participate in any capitalistic war
on the Pacific. That such a conference is needed is obvious
to anyone who has given even the slightest heed to the military
and naval preparations of the imperialistic powers on the Pacific. The United States navy has been carrying on extensive
naval maneuvers in the vicinity of the Hawaiian Islands, allegedly for the purpose of discovering whether these Islands
would be vulnerable if attacked by a hostile fleet. Japan,
however, views the situation differently. "Chugai Shgyo "
an influential capitalist daily, published in Tokio, says in'a
recent issue: "The great maneuvers of the United States fleet
in the Pacific are evidently a horrible menace to Japan, they
being a demonstration directed against this country." American naval swashbucklers are equally frank about- the matter.
The Chief of Staff of the American fleet is quoted in recent
press dispatches as declaring: "The public should be warned
that we are not staging a circus, but an actual war game, of
benefit to the participants." And why should the United
States and Japan prepare for war? Because both countries
require markets in which they can dispose of the surplus products produced by labor, and China is the only potential market
existing. Oreat Britain also has interests in the Far East, and
will, inevitably, be drawn into the conflict. The Chinese
object to the slave-driving proclivities of Japanese and Western capitalists, and are rebelling against their yoke, with the
result that they have been told in unmistakable terms that
they will either submit quietly or be subjected by armed force.
FLAT HAPPENED IN SHANGHAI during the past week
is a beautiful example of international capitalism in action. The international mixed court,' the judicial representatives of foreign imperialism in China, arrested six Chinese
students on a charge of inciting a strike among Chinese workers in a Japanese cotton mill. Enraged at this action, some
3,000 Chinese students marched down the chief street of the
foreign settlement, where they were met by police, who arrested fifty of the students. A battle took place in which ten
students were killed and a vast number wounded. The police
that were used were Indian Sikhs. Here we had the beautiful
spectacle of Sikh police, led by British officers, being used to
protect Japanese interests in China. A truly remarkable situation at first glance, but not so strange when we consider the
international solidarity of our rulers when their interests as
a class are menaced. Several clashes between students and
strikers and the police have taken place since the first battle
occurred, with the result that when we pick up a copy of the
daily press the first thing that strikes the eye are gory tales
reminiscent of the European holocaust of a few years ago,
which, we were told, would be the last armed conflict that
ever would be inflicted upon the human race. But 'tis said
"Where needs must the devil drives," and no matter how we
may stretch our credulity into believing the sincerity of the
governments of the Great Powers at that time, yet the ugly
fact remains that today these governments require markets,
and markets they must get if they are to save their social
system.   To them it is markets or social ownership.
tells us that China is becoming unfit to govern herself an
requires the assistance of the military junkers of Westel
Imperialism. This in face of the fact that the Chinese' we.
a civilized people before Europeans took to wearing a breec
Pacific Labor Peace Conference.   This is the duty of ti
Canadian Labor Party, a duty it owes to its affiliated met
bership.   Should war break out on the Pacific (and everythii
indicates that it will be the scene of the next armed conflic
towards which we are rapidly drifting), Britain will as surel
be drawn into it as a quicksand will suck a stranded ship int
its maw; and Canada is tied, by the British North Amerii
Act, to the apron-strings of such war-mongering politicians i
Winston Churchill or Stanley Baldwin.    Mr. Baldwin mad
his position clear when, on May 14th, in the British Houi
of Commons, in answer to labor questions, he stated: "I <3
not think it ADVANTAGEOUS for Britain to take the initi
tive of summoning a disarmament conference."   Had Brita
been in an "advantageous" position, possibly he might hai
acted differently, probably he wouldn't.   Meantime the arm
ments race continues, and preparations for the next blood-fei
proceeds rapidly, because "the next war must not catch i;
unprepared."   Canada, whether she likes it or no, is boun
to Britain, hence to the war-mongering policies that rend O
Europe, and which will continue to rend it so long as capit^
ism endures.   To avoid war we must prepare for peace,
our rulers insist upon fighting, and if we are still unprepart
to ditch them, let us at least refuse to be made a pawn
their game.   Let those who desire war fight.   We of the labt
movement have no quarrel with the workers of another com
try.   Australian labor perceives this truth, and -with the sail
spirit that they downed two efforts to force conscription up<
them during the last war, they call upon the workers in t
countries bordering, upon the Pacific to join them in a co
certed effort to prevent their being drawn into another armd
conflict.   The issue before us is clear.   Let us stand prepare
to join in this conference, and participate in any moveme:
that will tend to prevent us from becoming the hapless victin
of our rulers' profit-seeking schemes.
MR. WOODSWORTH, laber M. P. for Centre Winnipeg,
made a brilliant speech recently in the Canadian House
of Commons on national defence, and during his remarks
made it clear that he expects nothing from the present group
in power but a continuation of military preparations. Said
Mr. Woodsworth: "I am perfectly well aware that it is comparatively useless to appeal along these lines (peace lines) to
many members of this House, but I would like to appeal
beyond the walls of this parliament, to the men who at the
front learned what war really meant, because I have found
after conversations with them that the majority of them actually thought that they went out to fight in order to end
war. ..." "Four years in parliament has convinced Mr.
Woodsworth (if indeed he ever had any doubts about the
matter) that it is useless to appeal for peace from those whose
business it is to make war, but he directed his appeal to the
thousands of workers on the outside who had been, and are
being fooled by the glib phrases of our rulers. He quoted
from a statement by the Navy League of Canada showing
that the controllers of that body understand the real reason
for all wars. This declaration said in part: "It is the everlasting economic war, which prevails in times of nominal
peace, which has produced and will produce physical wars."
The "economic war," the mad rush for control of markets in
which to dispose of the surplus products robbed from labor
"has produced and will produce physical war." What could
be plainer, or more openly stated, and yet the daily press
Np Improvement
In Employment in
Eastern Canada
MONTREAL.— Employment in
Eastern Canada this spring was
rather less than last spring. In
March the Department of Labor's
index number of employment in
Quebec province was 89.6, a decline of 3.9 points, as compared
with March, 1924.
In Ontario the decline was 3.S
points, and in the maritime provinces 0.7 points. The base of these
index numbers is the volume of
employment in January, 1920, represented by 100. Any improvement since has only been that
arising from the usual seasonal
Canadian emigration to the
United States was 159,960 during
the last calendar year.
SYDNEY, Australia — (FP)—
Lead miners at Broken Hill are
guaranteed a minimum wage of
$3.96 a day until Jan. 1, 1926, an
increase of 36 cents, under the
new award. If lead keeps rising,
wages will go up again.
BOSTON,     Mass. — Ranks
striking  building tradesmen we
swelled  recently  by  the   buildi
laborers,  whose    5,000    mernb
walked out on all but a few e<
struction jobs that are meeting i
laborer's' demands for 80 cents
the  semi-skilled,   and   77%
an hour for the rest.
The bosses offered to sign a
year pact, continuing present wa
of 70 and 65 cents for one ye<
with arbitration in 1926 and 19:
Union representatives refused ai
the strike was called.
Building laborers are resent
of the fact that their wages ha
not risen in proportion to that1
ether building tradesmen,
claim that the present boom
construction gives them confider,
of success.
Most of the 2,000 striking paij
ors are back  on the job,  at
scale of $1.25 an hour, which tl
Send in Your Subscription Tod
Bird, Bird & Lefeai
401-408 Metropolitan Building
837 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, Bj
Telephones: Seymour 6666 asd 668
We Want AU Union Men to Know We Carryj
Headlight Overalls
Union Made
The  Headlight  people  have  just  opoued  a work Bhlrt  department—ami
they are dandies, in light and dark blue  (union labeled)  $2.25
18-20 Cordova Street W.


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