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The Canadian Farmer-Labor Advocate Jun 19, 1925

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Array With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. W^*ATIONIST
ifi i >Mi '*•*■;*'?'
venteenth Year.   No. 25
VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY MORNING, ONE 19,, 1925
Eight Pages
5c A COPY
ova Scotia Miners
Battle Besco Police;
Gunmen Seek Cover
LACE BAY, Nova Scotia.—
William Davles, a striking
jier is dead, and Gilbert Watson
lying at death's door, laid low
a bullet through the stomach,
;iile many others are severely
lunded, having been shot by the
itish Empire Co.'s police, at New
iterford.
Strikers Fired Upon
The strikers had successfully
•keted the mines and power
use, the power station being idle,
i armed gang of Besco officials
d thugs, known as "company
lice," attacked the pickets at the
iw Waterford power station,
.ving them off. The pickets re
janized their forces, and were
ed upon by the mounted and
»t police, with the above result,
spite the falling of their com-
ies the miners gave battle with
:e hands, and after a struggle
ting 15 minutes, drove the gun-
*n out ot their holes.
Strikebreakers Arrive
Che sudden attack was preceded
the arrest of 32 pickets. This
Jimldation was followed by the
!_val at 4 a.m. of a special train
[ded with strikebreakers, and a
achment of 60 company police,
Jtvily" armed, and mounted on
i. They proceeded to the
ver station immediately, attack-
f«the 19 pickets on .duty there,,
beat them up with clubs.
Miners Best Police
U 11 a. m. the miners to the
iber of several hundreds came
| resume picket duty. They were
arged by the police, who emp-
their revolvers at them, kill-
Davis instantly, shooting Wat-
through the stomach, ahd
funding many more. Their amotion ran out, and being depen-
lit only upon their' clubs, they
|re pulled from their horses by
courageous miners, and driven
[>m the scene.
The casualties among the com-
|ny gunmen are:  One man with
broken back, one man broken
one man fractured skull, and
^severely beaten up by the min-
who were unarmed except for
kt stones they could pick up.
Rats Beg To Be Jailed
iiter the scrimmage, the com-
Jay rats scurried to town, and
|;ged to be locked up in jail, to
ftect tham from the wrath of
murdered miners comrades.
ks was done.
tt the time of writing the min-
chlldren,    too    weak    from
fnths  of  uhder-nourlshment to
and play, are riding around
the backs of the horses of the
parted    company    police.    The
uipment of the strike-breakers
Is been confiscated by the miners.
['(Editor's Note—Since the above
written in Nova Scotia, the
Inderal  Oovernment  has  rushed
oops into the strike area, to re-
Iforce the company thugs.    See
Ixt issue of this paper for more
Mails of the miner's side of the
(iestlon.)
Canadian Manufacturers Prepare to Slash Wages
Financial and Trade Publications Clamor for Wage Reductiona—Parliament Told Labor
Gets 80 Per Cent, of Value Produced; Actual Amount Only 16 Per Cent.—
• Price to Consumer Remains Unchanged.
IVyfONTREAL. — Signs    are    not* combined   were   $479,800,000,   ac-a costs represent only 9 per. cent, of
wanting that Canadian hianu
facturers are setting the stage for
a drive on wages and trade unions
here are enlarging their organizing plans, as unusual procedure
at this time of the year. Some
sporadic increases of manufacturing activity are apparent, but the
hoped-for general improvement
this year has not materialized, and
financial and trade journals are
loudly lamenting that the high labor costs of production are preventing the recovery of business.
The Voice of Capital
In Quebec province there have
been several meetings of manufacturers, at which the need of reducing production costs were urged. Sir Henry Drayton, the political spokesman of the protectionist manufacturers, has been telling
Parliament that factory labor costs
represent 60 to 80 per cent, of the
average manufactured article.
Labor Gets 16%
In Canada in 1922, the gross value of the manufactured product at
the factory was $2,439,000,000,
while factory salaries and wages
cording to returns filed by the
manufacturers themselves with the
Dominion Bureau of Statistics. The
labor cost of the average manufactured product represented,
therefore, -20.3 per cent, of the
gross value of the'finished article
at the factory. The proposition
for wage labor alone would be
about 1.6% per cent.
Who Gets the Surplus?
Now, representative Canadian
manufacturers have filed statements with parliamentary committees showing that marketing their
products -.added 100 per cent, to
their cost at the factory. That
would not be the case when the
manufacturer sold his products
next door to his factory; but it is
frequently asserted that on the
average the cost of marketing an
article is equal to the cost of producing it. Accepting this view, the
manufacturer, who spends $20.30
on labor, obtains on the average
a product which costs at the factory $100 and at the point of consumption $200. When'profit is a,fl-
ded, the consumer probably pays
$230.   Therefore the factory labor
Washington State
Has Vast Army ol
Workless Work
SEATTLE.—Employment in Se
attle, Spokane, Taeoma and other
industrial centers of Washington
state is at the saturation stage,
surveys of conditions reveal.
Men already on jobs are holding on to them and employment
agencies, as well as officials of
the local unions, point out that
it would be unwise for persons
from other states to come here
seeking work.
The Seattle Chamber of Commerce reports that the usual summer influx of office help and
skilled a*nd unskilled mechanics
and laborers from outside points
probably would be joined in another month by an overflow of
easterners who are moving westward to California, and, * finding
nothing there, are expected to
drift northward.
_#f_ i__lt__i____^''^iih-aZr^''*^fc'__f-;*fc
**...ts^f■*-» __-p.»a_*. ■■■   "
x, ■*■'
*'^^a«Vj5QB*|s5^,
CANADIAN—       _. PagS"
Mine War  in Nova Scotia     1
Canadian Bosses to Slash Wages....   1
AMERICAN—
American   Sailors  Flogged  6
Curse of Tenant Farming _ 2
Children   Sold  Into   Slavery  4
Giris   Workday  23   Hours  4
BRITISH—
British   Unions   Fight   Unemployment        7
Anglo-Russian   Unity        7
FOREIGN—
Chinese Fight Imperialists  1
Danish Workers Win Strike  3
Jobless Dumped in Australia  3
Porto Rican Women Paid 20c Day 4
the consumer's price, instead of 60
to 80 per cent, as Sir Henry Drayton avers.
Prices Unchanged ..
In 6ther words, if the manufacturer reduced salaries and wages
by 20 per cent, the change made
in the price to the consumer would
only be 2 cents on the dollar, if
all the other cost factors remained
unchanged.
The Canadian manufacturers, if
the returns they make to the Dominion Bureau of Statistics are reliable, have little reason to complain ot the high cost of labor employed in production. They know
very well that the factory wage
bill is a very small part of the
pri.se paid to consumers.
Huge Profits
One manufacturer here is selling
a patented electrical device for $10
which he admits costs $2.35 at the
faotory (raw material, the big item
in costs, included). An important
manufacturer of boots and shoes
admitted a year or so ago that his
factory labor cost was less than 11
of the price the consumer
his products.
N.S. Strike
ant Than
ferences
District 18 Miners
Decide to Launch
Independent Union
BLAIRMORE, Alta.—The miners of this district decided at a recent conference to break from the
U. M..W., and form a new unlqn.
: Delegates representing Hillcrest,
Blairmore, Bellevue, Michel, and
Corbin, held a conference here and
decided to re-organize the district,
by forminy a new union, to be
known as the Mine Workers' Union
of Canada. Provisional officers
were elected. The decision is subject to the endorsation of the miners ln the camps participating.  '
So this is the paper you have
been wanfing? Prove it by supporting it with your subscription
and those of your neighbors and
friends.
WOODSWORTH IS
NOMINATED FOR
NORTH WINNIPEG
J. S. Woodsworth, M.P., was
unanimously selecte.d at a convention of the Centre Winnipeg,
Brooklands and St. James members of the Independent Labor
Party to contest the North Centre
seat in the pext federal election.
R. B. Stirling was nominated for
South Centre. The- election committee will immediately proceed
to organize.
_ Vancou*^p»4Hilt-Ma* the
Street Railwa;
their June 16th
that instead of send!:
to their international
in Montreal, and to
Congress of Canada, assist)
should be given the Nova Sc
miners. Whilst realizing the
portance of these annual gath
ings of workers, yet they deei
the miners' strike of greater ini-
portance. This local has already
seint $600 to the striking miners,
At the semi-annual election of
officers for this local, which was
held on June 8th, the chief office,
that of Financial Secretary and
Business Agent, resulted in a tie.
Angus Maclinnis, present holder
of the office, and W. H. Cottrell
receiving 357 votes each. Another
election for this office will be held
on Tuesday, Jupe 23rd. .
Other officers elected were as
follows: President, F. A. Hoover,
re-elected; 1st Vice-President, J.
E. Smith, re-eledfed; 2nd Vice-
President, H. T. Ford, re-elected;
Recording Secretary, F. E. Griffin, re-elected; Treasurer, H. W.
Speed, re-elected. Auditors: W.
H. Arnold, A. V. Lofting and E.
G. Kermode. Executive: Thompson Elliott, E. Hicks, T. R. Carson, W. A. HarriB, F. Wheatley,
John Auton and M. G. Roberts.
For live readable news of the
farmer-labor movement, read THE
CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR
ADVOCATE.
Chinese Students Are
Determined to Drive
Out Foreign Rulers
(By Laurence Todd)
WASHINGTON.—Modern education has given China a new leadership that is determined to drive
foreign conquerors from the soil
of the Flowery Republic. Boys
trained in American, British, German and Japanese colleges are the
real motive force behind the demonstrations that are arousing scores
of millions of the Chinese. These
boys have learned their lessons of
world politics and history and
economics too well for the present
comfort of imperialists in Washington, London, Paris, and Tokio.
Chinese Students Demands
These young rebels against foreign control of China demand:
Punishment of those responsible
for the Shanghai killings, from
consuls to policemen; release and
indemnification of arrested students; apologies from the foreign
governments; aid to strikers in
Shanghai, Tsingtau and the Japanese mills; withdrawal of foreign
military forces, including war vessels, from China; abolition of foreign concessions and extra-territor-
iality; abolition of unequal treaties
and special privileges; economic
boycott against foreigners; overthrow of imperialism.
Britain Held Responsible
The speeches in the streets are
especially bitter toward the British and Japanese, who have extorted the most from China at the
point of the bayonet. British police
and British millowners are held
particularly responsible for the
shooting down of unarmed mill
strikers in Shanghai, but the students know also that the British
:overnment forced the opium traf-
upon China, and that much of
a's political chaos of recent
9 is .due to the demoraliation
.^IBlWyiJWfy%l^ •*» ■'
Ji*mj^^T'.^h$^
BV__-_____________Ttf
r \m.*-*^^am*V^t_*9V^_Wl^ "al
of militant Young China realize
that Japanese political interests
now point toward an imitation of
the Russian policy of handing back
stolen goods to China.
This is no mere religious and
nationalist protest suoh as was the
Boxer rebellion of a quarter century (ago. This is a nationwide
movement of self-determination
based on industrial and commercial and political ideas that are
modern.
* Exposes Labor Hells
William Philip Slmms, chief foreign news editorial writer for the
Scrlpps papers, who has visited
China and has never been a radical
or a pro-Chinese enthusiast, says
this about the Shanghai strike
which has inflamed the far east
and shaken the Imperialist diplomacy of four continents:
Foreign Greed
"Two opposing interests are at
work in China. One is foreign
greed. The other ls education.
Foreign Interests are exploitlng-the
masses, driving them as a brutal
(Continued on page 8) Page Two
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, June 19, li|
A Page for the Man on the Land
Ohio Farmers and
City Workers WiU
Work Hand in Hand
?The Curse of Tenant      tHow Negro Farmers
CLEVELAND, Ohio.—Work of
organiation among the dairymen
and farmers of this district is going along in fine shape, and not
a week passes but what a branch
of the Federation of Dairymen and
Farmers is organized.
These organizations of farmers
and dairymen are also pledged to
bring about a new concept of the
identity of interests in the problems
of the industrial workers of the
city and the farmers, and by a
knowledge of the true relationship
of these producers to work together to the end that both may benefit by the new co-operation.
The union men of Clevelant.
have been ready for some time to
assist the dirt-farmer and the small
dairyman in their efforts to protect
their families by oposing legisla
tion that tends to put these men
out of business. There is at this
time legislation operative in the
State that would place the dairymen under the domination of the
State Agricultural Department and
frighten them into a position that
would end in the unwarranted
slaughter of their herds, and at
the same time permit large interests to escape this system. This is
no protection to the' consumer of
milk in the city, ,and furthermore,
while there are enacted occasionally ordinances by our city that these
same interests claim will protect
us from disease in the use of. milk,
there is no proof except the word
of those who desire to inconvenience the small dairymen that
these ordinances will protect our
people.
Razzing By Farmers
Kept Coolidge Away
Over Three Years
WASHINGTON—Three years after he received, at the Minnesota
state fair grounds, the most humiliating rebuff ever given a vice-
president of the United States by
a great gathering of voters, Calvin
Coolidge is back in Minneapolis to
deliver a speech. He hopes to kill
off the insurgent movement in the
north-west.
Twenty thousand Minnesotanns
were packed into and in front of
the grandstand on that afternoon
in 1922, when Coolidge, the "simple
farmer boy," vice-president
nation, was introduced to th,
nesota farmers. For 40_.i_iir_
they listened silently ,to
Farming Increasing
Rapidly in the U. S.
(By The Federated Press.)
"The danger is that it is already too late to find a remedy
short of revolution," writes Herbert Quick in his book, "The Real
Trouble with the Farmers." He
sees a class conscious farm proletariat coming into existence as a
result of the increase ifli land values due to the complete occupation of all good farm land.
Most writers, he says, are "igr.
noring the fact that farm tenantry has increased until It is the
controlling factor in the condition
of the farmer. It controls the
majority of the farms In most of
our richest farming districts.
When to the proportion of farms
under tenantry is added the other
farm areas which are mortgaged
and the owners of which are In
fact if not in law merely tenants,
it embraces a vast majority of the
farms in the United States.
Fawn Tenantry Increases
"Farm tenantry increases with
such rapidity because land grows
so valuable that a poor man cannot buy it affid pay for it. Farms
in good farming regions are not
for people in even moderate Circumstances, as working people
go."" Lands which sold for ?5 an
acre in my boyhood have been
sold in recent years for $500 an
acre. Rich people in towns and
cities bid with farmers for the
ownership of farms."
Quick points out that this passing of the land into the hands of
the rich is increasing the average
size of farms. The 40-acre and
80-acre farms of yesterday have
been combined into 320-acre
farms worth $100,000 to $160,000.
Once young men could buy and
equip a farm with the savings of
a number of years' labor. Now
that is impossible where land is
good.
Curse of Landlordis.
The   curse   of   landlor;
says, settles on a
the   land   incr
results in farms
ers,   shrubs   a
duces   farms,
corn,  hog,
tories.    ,.__?'?>■''***'*'
Re(^fH!*lBWs(!IBP**5,s lower fn
Are Used to Reduce
Standard of Living
(By Leland Olds.)
A vast population forced by
caste to adjust itself to an extremely low standard of living is
revealed by the U. S. bureau of
agriculture ln a report on the
cost of living among colored families in the south. The report
shows that when the cost of living of the average white farm
family in the same region was
$1,437,. colored families were averaging only $612 a year.
Wl-'te Standards Lowered
Here ls maintained a reservoh
of cheap labor that employers are
Increasingly drawing on to undermine white labor standards. Steel
workers feel it whenever they attempt to organize. Coal miners
know it through the competition
of the unorganized southern mine
fields. Northern textile workers
are feeling it indirectly in their
inability to maintain standards
and compete with southern mills
paying much lower wages.
The study covers colored and
white farm families ln Kentucky,
Tennessee and Texas during the
year 1919. The families fell into
three groups, owners, tenants and
croppers. The last group are farr
mere that take a share of the
crop in return for their work.
Cost of Living
The cost of living for colored
families owning their farms averaged $682 for the year, contrasting with $1,635 for white families in the same class. For colored farm tenants the cost was
$673, and for the white tenants
$1,378. Croppers' living costs averaged $536 for colored families
and $947 for white.
Negroes Being Starved
Expenditures for food by the
southern farm families averaged
as low as $284 for colored croppers, compared with $500 for
white croppers. As these expenditures include *not only purchased
food, but the market value of all
food produced on the farm for
home consumption, it is apparent
that the colorei
| British Co-operatives
|      Show Great Progress
LONDON;—Considerable growth
ln the British Co-operative movement, both in membership and
trade, is shown by the report of
the central board of the Co-operative union, holding its 57th annual
congress In Southport, June 1-3.
The half-year's trade shows an Increase of 9 7-8th per cent, on the
corresponding period of 1923. The
total sales for 1924 reached the
sum of £72,888,064 (£1, $4.86), an
increase of 9 l-8th per cent, on
1923.
The report says it '-appears that
one great aim of the co-operative
pioneers ds now within measurable
distance of realization. The power
of production and distribution are
passing into co-operative hands,
and already there are signs that
the British co-operators perceive
more clearly than they once did
why they must control the powers
of education and government also.
CHINESE STUDENTS ABB
DETERMINED TO DI
OUT FOREIGN RUL,
(Contlnued from Page 1)
Bright Prospects For
*Big, Crops in Europe
Last year the crops in Europe
did not turn out very well, but this
year the prospects for a good crop
are fine. Both in Russia and in
Germany the harvest was poor generally last year and because of this
fact, the economic development of
these countries were for a time
some what arrested. One big reason for the good wheat prices in
the United States last fall was the
failure of a crop in Europe.
This year the outlook so far for
a good crop in Europe is good. The
rye is headed out in most places
and the stand is fine. The wheat
is doing well, and though the fields
are spotted here and there, an average yield is expected, even should
no rain fall from now until harvest* damage will not be great.
master would an ox.   And w.
as now, enough of the workers
up enough spunk to strike for
ter conditions, they are. shot d
in an effort to cow them into
mission.
'The educated Chinese are tr:
to lead their suffering compati
upward out of the degradation,
terested foreigners are oppo
every step. They call it Bolsl
ism when native students tell
ignorant Chinese they ought,
flght to better their condition*
12 Hours for Kids
"Better conditions! Do you k
that  the  foreign-owned  mllli
Shanghai  employ  children  ai
and eight days a week and 1
14 hous a day for only a few
pers?   Did you know that a rei
effort on the part of English
American social Workers in Shi
hai to get a 12-hour day maxi:
for 9-year-old children failed?
that an effort to get a day off
ery two weeks for these chil
also was unsuccessful?   The
ent trouble began with a s
against these conditions.
Education pays, unless you
tie down to be an educator.
_^_>M_Wf%
xw. v'.
to-Whi
was met by a round of hand-clapping. Coolidpe looked pleased. The
clapping oontinued, and spread out
into the crowd. He looked more
pleased. Then it spread farther,
and slowly Coolidge realized that it
was a steady, methodical, disapproving clap-clap-elap-clap-clap—
a deadly counting out process, in
which 20,000 men and womfen had
joined as though by common inspiration. It kept up five minutes,
ten, twenty, until Coolidge abandoned his place, trembling with
mortification, and left the grounds.
ation,   farm   cred-
ei-ation, he sa.ys, will
ll^P^only   boost   the   value
rand the farmers will be
tter  off.    He  cites  an   ln-
in which co-operatlo-n with
better  system   of  rural  credits
ised the price of land  200  per
nt.,  300 per cent, and 500 per
nt., until lt became too valuable
or a poor man to hold.
The farm rental system in the
United States is regarded as the
worst in the world. To find one
as bad we must go to pre-war
Russia. It is rack-renting, a sys*
tem in which the landlord has
the legal right to get as much
out of his land as he ea*n. It is
filling the land with people on a
peon scale of living.
■a_\f..
' if'ife_ffiiiSBIh_^^6r'To6a.
The bureau's figures show the
contrast between the living standards of actual families. But they
imply an issue which labor cannot dodge—the inevitable sapping
of higher living standards of the
worker by the  lower.
NEWS IS LIFE
Send in the news from where-
ever you Uve.
Here arte  a  few  sample  rules
that wiU help you.
Write to the point.
Give the gist of your story In
the  first  paragraph,   enlarge  on
it in the succeeding ones.
Minimize rather than exaggerate facts and figures*—*u-*r««;_!fc<u<*-
TZa—uaCi— accurate,
member articles and  stories
not news.
rite   from   a   working   class
standpoint.
SEND   US   YOUR   NEWS   TODAY.
Plumbing Tenders
TENDERS wanted for the supply j
installation of plumbing at tbe
erts, Macdonald and Grandview Sc'
Specifications    can    be    obtained
School Board Office.    Tenders in
envelopes,    endorsed    "Plumbing
ders," to be in the hands of the ■
signed by noon; June 27th,  1925.
est  or  any  tender  not  necessarily!
cepted. T
B.  G. WOLFE-MERTON,!
Secretary  Vancouver  School  Bf
LONG-DISTANCE IS
CHEAPEST AT NIGHl
TVTEW night rates ar
now in force for long
distance conversations b^
tween 8:30 p.m. and
a.m.
B. C. Telephone Compar
This is the month to go through
potato fields and rogue out impurities and d seased plants.
Pass this copy on to your shop-
mate and get him to subscribe.
WORKERS' EDUCATIONAL
PLANS
At the annual conference of the
National Union' of Textile Workers
it was unanimously decided to instruct the Executive to enter into
immediate and conclusive negotiations with the National Council
of Labor Colleges for the purposes
of providing educational facilities
for the members.
Poisoned bran mixture will
check cut-worm and grasshopper
depreciations.
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
3—STORES—3
48 Hastings St. East Sey. 988-672     666 Oranvllle Street   Sey. 8618-1391
151  Hastings  Street West Sey.   1870
"SAT IT WITH FLOWERS"
DEAFNESf
NOISES M TBE HEAD
AND NASAL CATARRH
Can Be Relievec
The new Continental Remedy call
"LARMALENE"  (Regd.)
Is a simple, harmless home treata1!
which absolutely relieves deafnf
noises In the head, ete. No «
sive appliances needed for this
Ointment, instantly operates upon)
affected parts with complete and;
manent success. Scores of wor
ful cases reported.
RELIABLE TESTIMONY
Mrs.    E.    Crowe,    of   WhitehoJ
Road, Croydon, writes:  "I am nil
ed to tell yoa that the small tin
ointment you tent to me at Vent|
has  proved a  complete success,
hearing is now quite normal and
horrible   head   noises   hare   oeaaj
The action of this new remedy o
be very remarkable, for I have 1
troubled  with   these   complaints
nearly 10 years and have had si]
of the very best medical advice,
gether with other expensive eai
struments, all to no purpose.   I
hardly say how very grateful I _
for my life has undergone an on]
change."
Try one box today, whieh
forwarded to any address on rec
of money order for fl,00.   Thai
nothing better at any priee. A_
orders to Managor  "L-UtlCALl
Oo., Deal, Eent, England.
PREVENT FOREST FIRE
 IT PAYS—^ Wday, Jnne 19, 1925
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Three
- - POLITICS - -
ritish  Govt  Pays  To
Dump Jobless in
Australia
3TDNEY, Australia—(FP)—The
stralian federal government has
ned an agreement with the Brit-
i government under which $170,-
0,000 is to be loaned to Austral-
by Great Britain for 10 years
a nominal rate of interest, pro-
led that immigrants from Brit-
i are absorbed in primary and
-ondary industries and public
Irks in Australia at the rate of
immigrant for every $375 ad-
nced.
Solving Britain's Problems
The scheme provides for dumper 450,000 of the surplus popula-
_n of Britain into Australia. As
e majority of these will be un-
ijployed, it. means that the Aus-
lian government has-contracted
assist in solving the British
employment problem by shifting
to Australia. The $375 per
al is equivalent to about $7 per
ek for one year—practically the
ount now paid in "doles" to
ich unemployed worker in Brit-
Thus the British government
lending the Australian govem-
nt a sum equal to a year's
ole" for each unemployed man
mped into Australia. As the
n Ib for 10 years and will have
be repaid, the people of Aus-
,11a are really undertaking to do
job for nothing.
White Guards Arrive
l\mong immigrants flooding to
fstralia are a sprinkling of
Kite guards from Russia, Poland,
Tthonla and other places. Some
|the Italians arriving in the sug-
. .districts of Queensland are
heists, but their fellow country-
In are giving them a hot recep
In.
\XM AND WAR EQUALLY
DEADLY FOR WORKERS
fORONTO,   Ont.—In   the   last
• years there have been approx*
J-tely  250,000  accidents  in   the
tvlnce      of      Ontario      alone,
poughout  the  entire  Dominion
.total accidents In four years
almost a serious as the world
casualties, according to a reft   statement   of   Tom   Moore,
sident of the Trades Congress,
[called attention to studies of ac-
pnt prevention, which show that
iirge percentage of accidents oc-
after   the   eight,   ninth   and
|"h hour of labor, at a time when
worker's   physical   reserve   is
fed and when he is less alert.
liTS LATVIA ONE OF THE
j WORST PLACES ON EARTH
FEW YORK—The Baltic repub-
of Latvia, lying on the borders
I Russia,   is   one   of  the   worst
pes in the world for a work-
Lian, says Charles Walters,  of
1 painters union, returned from
lur month visit"with relatives in
liand he left 20 years ago. Wal-
[jhad his own experiences witli
Latvian government when po-
f raided a labor union meeting
fas attending and arrested him,
, others present, holding him in
[two days and blackening his
Patronize  Our Advertisers
F.L.P. Picnic at Old
Orchard on June 28
Everything is set for an enjoyable outing at the F. L. P. District Federation picnic, at Old Orchard, Sunday, June 28. Boats
leave Gore Avenue Wharf 10 a.m.
and 2 p.m. Return fare: adults
80 cents,, children 40 cents. For
the convenience of North Burnaby residents the boat will stop
to pick up .passengers at Queens
Avenue.
You can get there by either
auto or boat, so every one come,
and bring your baskets. Coffee,
tea and Sugar will be. provided.
South Vancouver and Westminster
Labor Groups especially invited.
Residents in the city and South
Vancouver wishing* to get tickets
may have them by telephoning
Fairmont 2150 L.
Federated Labor Party
Notes
The South-West Burnaby
branch of the Federated Labor
Party held their regular meeting
on Wednesday evening, June 1.
This branch is working hard to
raise mqney to build a hall in
which they can hold their meetings and carry on the work of
the party without paying tribute
to the apostles of rent, interest
and profit.
They have already a fine site
near the Jubilee Station. They
have also some money on hand
but, before a start is made it
will be necessaray to get*, some
more. Your contribution will be
appreciated no matter ho* small
and If you are not living in the
district or in the Municipality of
Burnaby, do not let that keep
you from helping. When we''have
a hall in this district we will help
to build in yours next.
A special meeting of the Central Executive will be held in thf
Holden Building, on Thursday.
June 25, at 8 p.m.
Poverty, high prices, unemployment, child slavery, widespread
misery, and haggard want in a land
bursting with abundance; prostitution and insanity, suicide and
crime, these in solemn numbers
tell the tragic story of Capitalism's
saturnalia of blood and tears and
shame as its end draws near.—
Debs.
NEW ZEALAND LABOR PARTY
REPEATS PRINCIPLES AND
BANS COMMUNISTS
WELLINGTON, New Zealand—
The New Zealand Labor party at
its annual conference at Wellington April 15 decided that no member of any other political party
should be admitted to membershlp
Thls means that Communists will
not be admitted.
The following principles were
reaffirmed: The objective of the
party is the socialization Qf the
means of production, distribution,
and exchange. The method is the
conquest of political power, local
and national, constitutionally; and
the extension of the organization
of the workers in industry together
with the co-operation of all who
render social service.
RTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and
steel, McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride,
installed free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or $2.00 per week.
iada Pride Range Company Limited
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399"
DOVER
--INDUSTRY--
FRANCE
The executive of both wings of
the French Rallwaymen's Unions
of Orleans District have for some
time past been endeavoring to
achieve unity. At a recent joint
meeting they adopted a resolution
unanimously proposing that, as all
previous efforts have failed, joint
meetings of adherents of both
wings should be held in every locality where these exist, in the
honest endeavor to reach agreement.
SWEDEN
Almost alone among the trades
unions ot Europe in these past
years of business slump and falling
union membership, Sweden's trade
unions report an increase for last
year of over 15 per cent, additional
members. Metal Workers and
forestry workers show the greatest
increase; general workers and paper workers next. Thirty-one
thousand of Sweden's 360.000 unionists are women.
GREECE
For the second time In six
months, Greek railwaymen have
participated in an unsuccessful
strike for the eight-hour day.
Goaded on by the report of a government economy commission
which proposed substantial wage
cuts, a reduction of the staff and of
sickness and old age allowances,
10,000 railwaymen struck March
8th. Two weeks later they returned to work.
SCOTLAND
The town council of Glasgow,
Scotland, has refused to buy United States Steel Corporation rails
for use in its tramway system. This
action was taken because American
steel rails are manufactured under
unfair, anti-union condition. Labor
members of the council used the
Interchurch report on the Steel
Strike of 1918 to prove their case.
BRITAIN
British trade unions have increased their membership since
1923, by 1,000,000 according to figures made public in Washington by
the North American agency of the
international labor office of Geneva, Switzerland. There are some
1135 trade union organizations in
Great Britain, with a total membership of 5,461,000.
RUSSIA
The Moscow papers note the
great interest shown in the contract between the Suzuki firm and
the "Dalles" (Far Eastern timber
syndicate) by tho Japanese papers,
of which several predict that Siberian timber will soon oust the
American product from the Japanese market.
IRELAND
Late advices state that there are
half-a-dozen minor strikes at Dublin—electricians, motor drivers
carters, grocers' assistants are very
militant, and the pickets are in
constant conflict with the police.
The assistants are fighting to raise
the wages of women workers, who
are badly paid,
Great Danish Strike
Ends in Victory For
Workers' Demands
COPENHAGEN, Denmark—The
strike which lasted for eleven
weeks and became general with
the inclusion of the transport
workers, paralyzing the industrial
and commercial life of the whole
nation, has been settled with a
victory for the strikers.
A proposal of government arbitrators, supposed to be a compromise, but Insuring the union's
concessions, was accepted by both
sides. The employers had Insisted upon what amounted to an
open shop.
Up to the last minute the matter looked insoluble and the king,
who had gone to a summer resort, had returned to the capital
by special train to be present to
endeavor to use his influence
against the strike.
PIECEWORK IS
EXTOLLED BY
UNION SMASHER
Many Miners Jailed
In W.V. For Fighting
Open Shop Offensive
More than 200 men and women
have been jailed in northern West
Virginia for ain attempt to resist
the open shop offensive of the
coal operators.
These men and women are in
jail for violating the usual anti-
picketing injunctions that in this
case says the union miners shall
not "influence or persuade apy
person to quit, cease or refrain
from working, or do any acts
whatsoever in the furtherance of
any combination or conspiracy for
the purpose of .preventing the
mine owners from operating their
mines."
The district is heavily guarded
by armed deputies, private guards
and state police, a*pd wholesale
arrests are made of unarmed
miners charging intimidation or
contempt.
LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEERS
CONDEMNS EXCLUDING
BRITISH COMMUNISTS
LONDON. — Exclusion of the
Communist party from British Labor party is condemned by the annual conference of the Associated
Society of Locomotive Engineers
and Firemen, and the membership
is requested "to work with the
Communist party or any other labor organlaztlon which has for its
object the control of industry and
politics by tho working classes."
The conference also decided to affiliate with the National Council
of Labor Colleges, which represents the left wing in worker education.
AUSTRALIAN COMPOSITERS
RECEIVE WAGE INCREASE
MELBOURNE, Australia.—Com-
positers in printing houses in New
South Wales, South Australia, Victoria and Tasmania have been
granted a $2 a week increaso by
the federal arbitration court. A
bonus of $6 per week for skill
above the minimum has also been
granted.
WASHINGTON, D. C. — Piecework pay Is the best all-around
scheme for making...men work
harder, said W. C. Dlckerman,
vice-president of the anti-union
American Car and Foundry Co.,
ally of the steel trust, discussing
"Incentives For Individual Production" before the U.S. chamber
of commerce convention in the
capital.
"Leaders of industry desire the
men's unrestrained efforts and
have for centuries addressed themselves to the cultivation of what
may be termed the 'Will To
Work'" he stated. "In contrast
with the incentives of the past five
thousand years, we find today an
approach directed to the physical,
intellectual and financial development of the workman; a full appreciation of the mutual obligation of the workman by methods
sometimes paternalistic*, and frequently amardngly generous."
These amazingly generous methods he listed as thrift plans, mutual benefit associations, pensions,
piece work systems and the step-
up bonus, profit sharing, stock
participation plans and industrial
representation.
"The piece work system," he
concluded, "probably will always
remain the prime incentive; easily
understood, it stimulates the individual; protected on guarantees
as to the sanctity of the rate, the
rewards are evident to all."
Ooen Headquarters in
New Yorlj to Organize
Negroes Into Unions
NEW YORK—Temporary headquarters of the Trado Union Committee for orrrnnizing fliegro workers have heen established here,
and Frank R. Crosswaith, a negro
union organizer, Is executive secretary.
• In conformity with the American Federation of Labor's newly
declared intention of carrying out
an organization drive, particularly
among negro workers, a meeting
of representatives of 18 local and
international unions was held, resuming in the formation of the
committee.
Union hours and union wages
for every inegro worker In New
York City is the slogan drive.
Stay at the
HOTEL STRATFORD
The Place Cnlled Home
Coiner GORE AVE. nnil
KEEFER STREET
Phone Sey. 0121
P. GIOVANDO,  JOHN THA
200   Elegantly  Furnished
Rooms.
60 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate   Prices
FIRST-CLASS  SERVICE
MEXICO
To prevent local strikes from being proclaimed, the Mexican Federation of Trades Union has ordered that locals shall no longer call
strikes on their own initiative, but
must flrst consult the executive of
the national body.
INDIA
India's native rallwaymen have
asked the creation of a National
Wages Board, suoh as considers
scales In Britain.
THE CHOICE OF THE UNIONS
CATTO'S
VERY OLD HIGHLAND WHISKY
THOROUGHLY  MATURED—ONE OF THE MOST POPULAR
BRANDS AT THE GOVERNMENT STORES
GOLD LABEL
15-YEAR-OLD
AsU for CATTO'S.    For sole at all Government Liquor Stores
Thi. idvartlsiment is not published or displayed by the Liquor Control
mi »tt™™;01.rd „ by th£ Oovernnie._t. of British Columbia Page Four
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, June 19, ll
WOMAN'S  DEPARTMENT
Girls Work 23-Hour
Day Making Motion
Pictures in California
[By Maud McCreery]
LOS ANGELES—Extras in the
motion picture industry often work
20 and 24 hpurs consecutively. The
California 8-hour law for women
does not apply in this industry.
Wages paid to extras supplying atmosphere and background for the
high priced stars are as low as $3
for an 8-hour period, with a few
receiving $5. The full 16 or 24-
hour period must be worked before
a second or third check is paid.
These flashes are disclosed in a
hearing before the Los Angeles
labor bureau.
Four hundred and eighty extras
employed by the Globe Picture
Corporation complained they had
been worked 23 hours, with short
periods during which their lunches
consisted mainly of "coffee and."
For this work the women received
"two arid a half checks" or $7.50
and the men "two checks" or $6
At 3:30 a.m. the doors of the popu
lar Jack Doyle's prizefight arena
were locked and women desiring to
go home were prevented. Minor
children !were among the extra
crowd during the entire 23-hour
period, contrary to law.
Over 200,000 Labor
Women Organized in
British Movement
LONDON, Eng. — There are
. now in the British Labor Party
1,450 Women's Sections (including
Ward Sections), with a total Ip
dividual membership (estimated)
of more than 200,000. This is a
remarkable figure, which probably
far exceeds the number of individual men members of the Labor Party! Twelve parliamentary
constituencies have over 1,000 individual women members.
There are 48 Advisory Councils,
which have held conferences attended . by hundreds of delegates,
Durham last year organized a
week's summer school, and Nor*
thumberland, S. Yorkshire and S.
Cheshire are doing the same this
year. Mapy speakers' classes
have been held in all areas. It
is worth mentioning that at the
Durham Women's Galaa in 1924
10,000 women turned out,
170 banners.
with
ORPHAN HOMES
SELL CHILDREN
INTO SLAVERY
Brutal Exploitation
Of Working Women
and Kids in Porto Rico
NEW YORK.—A traffic in child
slaves was revealed at the Child
Welfare Conference at the closing
session at the Hotel Biltmore. Mrs.
Bennet Smith of Temple, Tex.,
said that thousands of children
from foundling homes are shipped
to Texas farms where children are
placed in unfit homes to be turned
into cotton plantation slaves. To
give the semblance of legality to
these slave deals children are tagged with the names of their new
parents. As a matter of form they
are adopted by farmer's who use
them for heavy farm labor.
No Supervision
"There is no kind of supervision," she said, "over the welfare
of these children once they are
taken into Texas under the guise
of legal adoption."
Mrs. B. F. Westmore of Spokane,
Wash., made similar charges, declaring that very young children
are taken in large groups from the
congested East to Northwestern
states, and, although legally adopted by farmers, become a part of
the migratory labor.
Education Laws Evaded
"The adopted parents of such
children evade the compulsory education laws," Mrs. Westmore said,
"and agents are sent East to arrange for the wholesale transportation to great apple orchards and
truck farms."
Children are disposed of as one
would dispose of "chickens and
puppy dogs" bc many of the great
foundling Institutions," Dr. Hastings R. Hart of the Russel Sage
Foundation declared, saying he has
seen crimes committed in the placing of children in family homes
that made the blood run cold.
Advance of American Capital
Vancouver, B. C.—Another step
in the conquest of the Canadian
timber industry by American capital was made when the Alberni
Pacific Lumber Company Limited
was sold to an American timber
syndicate of which Pendleton, Aird,
Flavell and Grainger are directors,
for $3,000,000.
Capitalist Justice
"Justice is a harlot
Upon a throne of gold.
Where Liberty is auctioned
And truth Is bought and sold.'
THE PUBLICATION OF
THIS PAPER IS MADE
POSSIBLE BY THE FIRMS
WHICH ADVERTISE IN IT.
WHEN MAKING PURCHASES PATRONIZE THEM
AND   TELL   THEM   WHY.
THE HOME CORNER
SAN JUAN, Porto Rico.—Organ
ized labor is urging the Porto
Rlcan legislature to abolish the
"work-at-home" system, so general
in this island. An investigation by
the bureau of labor reveals that
there are 40,000 women and children working at their homes for
an average wage of 20 cents a day,
piecework. Most of the women in
the country, and little towns engaged In this work are suffering
from undernourishment and lack
of proper living conditions.
Employers Opposition
Employers and their agents have
registered vigorous protest against
the measure, which would affect
a $12,000,000 industry. They make
the usual claim—now that they
have been discovered—that they
are willing to protect the women
and child workers. The first essential to this protection, they insist, is to defeat the bill that would
prohibit work at home.
These employers reside in New
York, where they have their offices.
Food Adulterated By
Profit-Hungry Trust
WASHINGTON.—Dr. W. Wiley,
health expert, has filed charges
with President Coolidge that a
gigantic conspiracy, fostered by
"food adulterers," is in existence
for the purpose of defeating tbe
provisions of the pure food an<J
drug act.
Dr. Wiley stated in a paper left
at the white house for the president's attention that since 1917
executive orders have been issued
at the instance of various secretaries of agriculture which served
to completely nullify the outstanding features of the pure food
law.
Under these orders, he said, it
is possible to use sulphur dioxide,
sulphites, benzoic acid and ben-
zoates in the "embalming" of
beef; slum in the making of
bread and the (preparation of
pickles and the use of caffeine.
[By Jane MacNutt]
lVTOTHING is of more importance
to the working man's wife
than a thorough knowledge and
understanding of food values. In
this age of salesmanship, where
appearance counts for so much, lt
Is quite easy to be tempted Into
buying food put up in attractive
containers, with the result that we
usually get in a twenty-flve cent
article about twenty-two cents
worth of container and three cents
worth  of food.
In the matter of food we should
be very careful not to go too much
by appearance. It Is not so very
long ago that we had the Idea that
the whiter the flour and the bread
the better lt would be. We are
now getting fairly well over that
erroneous Idea, and we know now
that when the flour ls white that
the essential elements have been
removed along with the dark parts*
of the wheat. So that we are beginning to demand the Whole
Wheat flour. And rightly so, as
whole wheat flour Is the product of
the entire wheat grain itself—the
whole gluten, the rich proteins, the
oils, the starch, and all of the ash
or mineral elements. Every housewife should know how to make
bread for her own household, so
this time I will give just one simple recipe which any person of ordinary understanding can follow.
Whole Wheat Baking Powder
Biscuits
2 cups (large cups)  whole wheat
flour.
2*cups (large cups) white flour.
1 small teaspoonful salt.
1 tablespoonful butter.
1   heaping   tablespoonful   baking
powder;
Fresh sweet milk, enough to soften.
Mix dry Ingredients, then add
the butter and milk. Have the oven
hot and bake for 15 minutes. A
small piece of butter may be placed on top of each biscuit.
These biscuits with butter or
honey and fruit or milk will make
a delicious breakfast or luncheon
for either a child or an adult.
WOMEN TOIL IN
INDUSTRY LONG
HOURS, REPORT
WASHINGTON.—Women In industry are forced to undergo an
over-long working day, the woman's bureau of the U. S. department of labor revealed, in making
public a report of conditions in the
three great women-employing industries—clothing, textiles and
mercantile stores.
Many Work 50- Hours
The survey disclosed that many
women in these Industries were
compelled to work more than fifty
hours a week.
Thirteen states _and 162,792 women were the basis for the study,
which was conducted in New Jersy,
Ohio, Rhode Island, Maryland, Alabama, Arkansas,, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Missouri,
South Carolina, and Virginia.
Sixty Houra or More
"More than a quarter of all the
162,972 women were found to be
working more than 50 hours a
week," the. report stated. "Of
those, 18,572 were on a 55-hour
schedule and 2,945 were on a
schedule of 60 houra or more."
One Third Work 48 Hours
Only one-third of all the women
had a scheduled week of 48 hours
or less,
A 10-hour day was customary
for the largest group of textile
workers. Only 6 per cent, of the
textile workers had a week of 44
per cent, of the clothing workers,
hours or less in contrast with 32.4
One HaU Toil 55 Hours
Practically one-half of the women ln the various textile industries had a week of 55 hours or
more, while less than 3 per cent, of
the clothing workers had so long
a week. «
"For the fact must not be overlooked that where no legal limitations exists thert are always some
plants that are running excessively
long hours," the report concludes.
Textile International
Meets in England
Representatives of eleven European countries asembled at Blackpool, England, recently, in connection with a Committee Conference
of the International Federation of
Textile Workers' Associations. The
last previous gathering of the Federation In this country, in June,
1914, was also held at Blackpool.
Delegates representing England,
Germany, France, Belgium, Italy,
Holland, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Denmark, and Czecho-Slo-
vakla, were present.
Vancouver Turkish Baths
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Famous £&*£,<
618-823 Hasting* Street Weil
Labor Candidates
Canadian Labor Party
Greater   Vancouver   Central
, Council
BURRARD:    3.    SIDAWAY
VANCOUVER CENTRE:
W. W. LEFEAUX
SOUTH VANCOUVER: .
ALFRED HURRY
Particularly Good Values in
Women's Beach oi
Porch Frocks
TOOL, summery styles of crepe, striped broad
cloths, ratine, gingham and chambray. Hoj
smart, serviceable and economical they'll pro^
for all sorts of summer occasions!
At $2.98
Smart and dainty dresses, made of go
quality cotton  crepe;  round, square
V-necks, with roll collars apd embroi]
ered fronts in pretty designs.    All
newest shades and sizes 36 to 44.
At $3.98
Good quallcy broadcloth dresses in pl^
or striped effects. Tailored styles shq
ing set-in sleeves, roll collars and
pockets.   Sizes 14 years to 38 bust.
At $5.95
Dainty dresses for beach or porch wi
in floral designs; also blaek patt
crepe and.ratine. They feature squj
and V-necks, turnover or reversible <
lars aind short sleeves. A large var:
of designs and colors, in sizes 86 tof
At $1.49
A very large variety of dresses In che|
plain colored and. floral patterns;
a combination of gingham and cl
bray   with   round   and   square   n'
short sleeves and finished with pock
and sash ties,
—Second Floi Friday, Jnne 1ft, 1925
THI OSNSDIAN PABMER-LABOE ADVOCATE
Page Five
Boilermakers On
Strike;; Carpenters
Increase Members
EIGHTY BOILERMAKERS are
on strike at the Wallace
Shipyards for wage increases of
10 to 15 ce-nts an hour, and a
Written agreement, it waB an-
aounced by Organizer McCutehan,
at the last meeting of the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council. The men eame out on strike
[on Tuesday evening.
A delegation, consisting of delegates   Scrlbblns,   Neelands,    Bengough,   and   Deptford,   was   appointed to take up with the City
[Council the question of having the
vork on the Seymour main done
by day labor.
The Carpenters' Union reported
having admitted 53 new members
[at last meeting, and expected flf-
[ty more new members would be
initiated at next meeting.
The organizing committee of
Ithe Council, and the Shingle
LWeavers both reported that they
[were making good progress ln
[securing new members.
A motion that protest be sent
Ito Ottawa against the govern-
Fment sending troops' to Nova Sco-
[tla, was carried.
It was reported that the Fraser
^Valley Ice Cream Co., was the
[only place in thei. city where un-
Lion made and delivered ice cream
[could be purchased.
A letter was received from Attorney General Manson stating
Ithat he had reconsidered his decision not to appoint Secretary
[Bengough a notary public and
rthat the appointment would be
fmade.
Special Meeting of
Painters1 Local 138
At a speeial meeting ■ of local
138 of the Painters, Paperhangers and Decorators, a large attendance of members defeated
the proposal to assess members
who failed to attend one meeting
a moipth. It was reported that
a number of non-union men were
working painting the new city
bridges;
Several new members were elected to membership and tickets
for the annual picnic, at Bowen
Island, July llth, were placed on
sale.-
UNION PICNICS
»■»«',§■■•■■■■■»■»■■■■»■»■■■■■«■■■»■■»«ini tn titmnt,
ON LABOR'S
FIGHTING FRONT
Teamsters
ST. LOUIS.—St. Louis will witness a strike of 1900 union transfer teamsters June 17 if the employers persist in their attempt to
cut wages. _ The union asks for
$40 a week and the 8-hour day. The
men now work 9% hours and receive $84.40 a week.
Picnic dates of various Vancou-.
ver u*nions are as follows:
Civic Employees
Seaside Park June  27
Painters Union
Bowen Island July 11
Carpenters Union
Bowen Island : July 25
Plasterers
Bowen Island :
Tailors
Wigwam Inn
Plumbers Union
Bowen Island :        August 1
Bricklayers Union
Bowen Island :       * August 8
[Unemployment Is Rapidly
Increasing  in
Britain
LONDON,    *qng.-T*The    number
[of unemployed workers Increased
[during  the  week  ending  June  6
by   60,778,   the  government  offi-
Fdally announced.   This is the biggest increase in unemployment in
nany   months,   and   the  government expressed "anxiety and disappointment."
There are now 1,247,300 unemployed workers officially record-
Fed, with many thousands more
|not tabulated, an Increase in the
[official tabulation of 244,386 over
[last year.
July 25
July 29
Restaurant Workers
Install Officers
Cooks and Walters
SAN FRANCISCO.—The entire
staff of waiters at the fashionable
St. Francis hotel, 100 strong, walked out for 24 hours because their
union agent was discharged.
Guests had to line up at the kitchen and wait on themselves. The
waiters returned next day when
the discharged man was reinstated.
.-■   •        Textile Workers
BRIDGEPORT, Conn.—Weavers
of Salt's Textile Manufacturing Co.
are striking against the introduction of the unit system of production in the plant. The workers
assert that their work has been irregular, enough already and the
new system has proven equal to a
wage cut of one-half.
Chinese Waterfront
Workers Tie Up All
Ships at (Shanghai
Shanghai. — Twenty-two steamers—twenty of which are British
and two Japanese—are now tied"
up here, stranded by the waterside strike. Many other ships are
temporarily eliminating Shanghai
as a port of call or anchoring at
the mouth of the Yangtze River
and lightering their cargoes to
shore.
The China Merchants' Steamship company, Chinese owned, has
suspended its sailings indefinitely.
Some other steamship companies
are instructing their vessels now
at outside ports not to return to
Shanghai at present.
Virtually all river apd coastwise shipping is paralyzed as a
result of the spreading seamen's
strike. In addition, messages from
Hong Kong indicate that the
Seamen's Union there is planning
a sympathetic strike.
New officers installed by local
No. 28, Hotel and Restaurant Employees, were:
President, Gilbert Coleman;
vice-president, Herbert Ford; business agent, Harry Wood; press
agent, H. Ford; chaplain, A. Graham; Inspector, B. Kelsall; inside
guard, J. Cedarbery; recording
secretary, H. Harding; executive
committee: J. Cumming, W. Allen,
P. Howard, H. Ford, H. Harding;
loeal Joint board, J. Cumming, G.
Coleman, ,W. Hayes; trades and
labor council, A. Graham, H. Al-
drlck, Margaret Clarke, Flo Allen,
Herbert Ford, H. Wood.
Hat Makers
NEW YORK. Local 8 of the
United Hatters of North America
at a well attended mass meeting
ln Bethoven Hall decided by a vote
of 448 to 73 in favor of calling an
immediate strike in order to compel the bosses to grant their demand for a wage increase of 15
per cent.
CUBA
Efforts are being made to start
a Labor Party in Cuba. The flrst
definite step in this connection was
taken on March 20th, when a Socialist Club was founded a. Havana.
[THINK - - AND ACT
''HINK WHAT, a powerful paper could do for the farmer-
labor  movement" of  Canada.    In England,  Australia-
Iwherever Labor has challenged the old political parties for
power—it has had as a strong right arm a well-organized
[press, telling not-only what Labor is thinking, but what it is
Moing. -spg
t, Thlnk oi the Possibilitie* of a militant, non-factional,
Jfarmer-labor paper in Vancouver and British Columbia, to
[unite and crystallize the Labor sentiment throughout this
[province. p||fj
THE'CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE has set
litself to the task of trying to arouse the industrial and land
[workers of this province to the necessity of thinking and
acting for themselves.   It is a big job, we know, but can you
help us by DOING YOUR SHARE TODAY?
Tear Of 1 and Matt
THE   CANADIAN  FARMBR-.LABOR ADVOCATE;
1129 Howe Street,
Vancouver, B. C.
I am with-you in building-up a strong-fighting press
for our moyememt.    Enclosed, .find   t	
for which send THB CANADIAN   FARMER-LABOR  ADVOCATE to the following:  (One Year  12   .      Six Months  $1.)
Painters
PORTLAND, Ore.—Refusal of
employers to discuss wage demands with their organized painters, forced these workers to strike
The painters ask for a $9 rate and
a five-day work week. There is an
excess of painters in this section
and the shorter work week would
also prolong the life of those engaged in this calling.
League of Nations
Labor Office Seats
Fascisti Delegates
GENEVA, Switzerland. — By a
vote of 66 to 31, Edmundo Ro
sini, who was officially designated
by the Confederation of Fascastl
Syndicalist organizations to represent Italian labor at the International Labor office (the vermiform appendix to the league of
nations) was admitted to a seat
in the I. L. O.
Rossini has been objected to
for three years on the ground
that the General Confederation of
Labor of Italy was the organization to receive representation.
However, the fascist union leader
has finally won his seat.
Rossini was once a resident of
the United States and editor or
the organ of the I. W. W., "Il
proletario." As head of the fascist unions Rossini really represents a mixed organization of
both workers and employers. This
has been one point of objection,
but the I. L. O. at last let him in.
Plumbers
SCRANTON, Pa.—Union plumbers and steamfltters in Scranton
are striking for $1 a day wage Increase, bringing the scale to $10
About 160 men were out the first
day and 35 others were on jobs
where employers had settled at the
new scale.
Laborers
BELLAIRE, Ohio.—Refusing to
accept a 50 cent reduction in their
daily wages, more than a score of
laborers ln the employ of the Manufacturers' Light and Heat Co.,
here laid down their tools and
went on strike. The men were
receiving $4.50 a day for 9 hours.
Painters
NEW YORK.—-Ten thousand
union painters of New Jersey have
launched a campaign against poisonous materials, the menace of
the spraying machine and bad
scaffoldings.
Painters
WASHINGTON. — A six-weeks'
strike of painters ln the nation's
capital for an Increase of $1 a day
has ended. Contracting painters
offered a 50-cent increase, which
the workers accepted.
Bakers
rpOKANE, Wash.—The Bakers-
union has negotiated a new wage
agreement. Rates for 80 per cent,
of these workers are advanced 60
cents a day. The others are increased $2 a week.
Embalmers
The embalmers of Chicago are
being organized, it is reported. The
embalmers who are now getting
(30 to $35 per week are said to
be demanding higher wages.
Proposed Alliance
Of British Unions
Is Making Headway
LONDON.—The outcome of the
much-debated inter-union conference called by the British Miners'
Federation to promote a new alliance with rallwaymen, engineers
a,pd shipbuilders in maintaining
wages claims, has been as anticipated. Delegates representing 2,-
500,000 workers had a prolonged
meeting here on June 5th.
The decision recorded is to appoint a committee of two members from each of the eight leading labor unions concerned to go
further into the miners' proposal.
The rallwaymen speakers included
James H. Thomas, member of the
late Labor government, who indicated that there existed a strong
•body of opinion favoring continued reliance for co-ordination upon the existing general council of
the Trades Union Congress.
SAVE YOUR EYES
If They Trouble Yon, See Vl
FREE EXAMINATION
BEST
$2.50
GLASSES
On Earth
Everything for the
EYE and EAR
And Always the Best in
Quality.    ,
Pitman Optical Htuse
(Over Woolworth's—-next to
Famons)
615 HASTINGS STREET W.
Seymour 1071
Phone Seymonr 8364
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
SUITE 301, DOMINION BUHDntO
VANOOUVBB, B. O.
Geo. McCuaig
AUCTIONEER and APPEAISEB
Phone Sey. 1070
748 Bichards Street, Vancouver, B.O.
UNION  DIRECTORY
ALLIED PRINTINO TRADES COUNOIL
—Meets second Monday in the month.
President, J. R. White; secretary, R. H.
Neelands.    P. O. Box 66.
COUNOIL SEEKS TO AID
NEGRO LABOR CONGRESS
MILWAUKEE.—In Milwaukee,
where openshou employers Imported nonunion colored labor to break
the Leatherworkers and other unions, the Federated Trades council Is calling the attention of local
unions to the importance of the
American Negro Labor congress,
scheduled for Chicago this summer.
Lovett Fort-Whitman of 19 S. Lincoln St., Chicago, Is the organizer.
AUSTRIA
The Austrian labor chamber will
take the next opportunity to ask
th- United States to accept 50,000
emigrants. This will be done because Austria is too small fnr Its
Inhabitants, the labor chamber
claims.
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY—Room
111, 319 Pendor St. West. Business
meetings 1st and 8rd Wednesday evenings. R. H. Neelands, Ohalrman; E. H.
Morrison, Sec.-Treas.; Angus Maclnnis,
8544 Prince Edward Street, Vancouver,
B.C., Corresponding Secretary.
Any district in British Columhla desiring information re Becnring speakers
or tho formation of local branchos, kindly communicate with Provincial Secretary ,1. Lyle Telford, 524 Birks Bldg.,
Vancouver, B.C. Telephone Seymour
1382,  or Bayvlew  5520.
BAKERY SALESMEN, LOCAL 371—
Meets second Thursday every month
in Holden Building. President, J. Bright-
well; financinl secretary, H. A. Bow-
ron. 929 llth Avenue East.
CIVIC EMPLOYEES UNION—Meets
first and third Fridays in each month
at 445 Richards street. Prosldent, David
Cuthlll, 2852 Albert street; secretary-
treasurer, Goo. Harrison, 1182 Parkor
street.
ENCUMBERS — THE INTERNATIONAL
UNION OF STEAM AND OPERATING
—Local 882—Meets overy Wednesday
at 8 p.m., Room 806. Holden Building.
President, Charles Price; business agent
nnd financial secretnry, F. L. Hunt; recording secretary, J. T. Venn. 	
mTWcTANS1 MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
UNION, Local 145, A. F. of M —
Meets in Cotillion Hall, cornor of Davie
nnd Granvillo streets, second Sunday at
10 a.m. President, E. A. .Tamieson, 991
NelRon street; secretnry, ,7. W. Allen,
091 Nelson street; tinnnelnl secretary,
W, E. Willlnms, 991 Nelson street: or*
ennizer, F. Fletcher, 991 Nelson street.
tRFrVANCOUVER^HEATRTCAL FEDERATION—Meets nt 991 Nelson streot
at 11 n.m. on the Tuesdny preceding
thp first Snnday of the month. Prosl-
dc,it, Hnrry Pearson, 991 Nelson street;
secretnry. E. A. .Tnmiosnn, 991 Nelson
street- business  necnt,  F. Fletcher,  991
Nelson street	
TYPOGItAPHTCAL UNION. No. 226—
President, ft P. Pettipiece; vice-president, O. F. Cnninbell; «ecreta.y*t.i_as*
urer. ft. TI. Noclands, P.O. Box 66.
Meets lnsi Sundny nf ench month at 2
n.m. in Holden Building. 16 Hastings K.
PRTNOE TUTPERT TYPOGR~APHICAT.
UNTON. No. .13—President, S. D.
Macdonald] ■.oeretary-trensnror, ,7. M.
OAmpholt, P.O. Box 689. Meets last
Thursday  of  ench  month.
THE CANADIAN!
_9tarttt*r-Uabar Abttorafe
With Which Is Incorporated
TRE   BBITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY
By the Labor Publishing Oo,
Business  and Editorial  Offlce,
1120 Hove St.
Thc Canadian  Farmer-Labor Advocate i«
a   non*factfonal   weekly   newspaper,   giving news of the  farmer-labor movement
in action.
Subscription Rates: Unltod States and
foroign, $2.50 por year; Canada, $2
por year, %\ for six months; to unions
subscribing in a body, 16c per member  per   month.
Member The Federated Press and The
British Labor Press Page Six
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, June 19, 192
Independent Working Class
' Education, Issue in Britain
Cameron Lbr., Co., Mile 54, C.N.R.,
Vancouver Island
Thts outfit runs a railroad camp
on the. C. N. R., Vancouver Island.
The fare is $4.70 from Vancouver.
The wages are the same as the
average, $3.25 low, chokermen
$4.25; chasers $4.50; rigging sllng-
ers$6.00; falling and bucking by
the "bushel". It is a mystery what
the rest of them get but one .can
judge the memalnedr for himself.
The accomodation is good. Board
and blankets $1.35; but one knows
just exactly what he will get from
Sunday to Saturday. Pay by bank
cheque once each month, and pa-
tronie the bootleggers at Duncan.
At present there are only a pole
gang and grading gang left. This
camp is alright to work in, no
"high-ball".
(By Len De Caux.)
LONDON, Eng. — Co-ordination
of all worker education bodies in
a national plan U|Pder the auspices of the British Trades Union
Congress general council is an Issue confronting the annual meeting of the National Council of
Labor Colleges in London. Whether the scheme involves a coalition
with the Workers' Educational
Association, whose conservative
policy  has   long  been   fought  by
>       Criticism From the Left
Criticism comes chiefly from
the left wing, some of whom fear
that the considerable success
which they have recently been
having among the unions ln the
advocacy of independent working
class education on the basis of
the class struggle will be jeopardized by this coalition with the
advocates of "impartial" education by the aid of capitalist state
subsidies.    The latest accession to
With the Marine Worken
the   left   wing   forces   operating  the  independent National  Council
through the National Council, and  are the locomotive engineers and
Many Camps Are Closing
Down
As presaged in last issue, many
of the logging camps are being
closed down by the operators ln
a desperate attempt to clear the
glut of logs off the market. The
attempt made to close the camps
this spring proved abortive, as so
many of the small operators continued running that almost all the
others had to start up.
Although orders for lumber art.
at present low, yet this but partly
explains the shutdown. The logging end is much further developed than the sawmill end, with
the result that it is necessary for
the camps to operate for only six
to eight months in order to keep
up with the demand. Meantime
the- men who go out into the
camps are throw.p upon their own
resources, to shift for themselves
as best they can until they are
once again needed to set the
wheels of production ln motion,
some sacrifice of independent
working class education, or
whether rejection of the coalition
would mean being cut off from
the main stream of the labor
movement is being debated.
Congress Advises Compromise
The iplan drawn up by the
Trade Union Congress sub-committee is a compromise. Both
the Workers' Educational Association and the National Council
have been officially recognized by
the Trades Union Congress, although it has not committed Itself to either. It provides for
general council representation on
the governing bodies and for financial support of the two resident labor colleges, Ruskin and
the London Labor College, and
generally attempts to co-ordinate
activities without abolishing criticism and propagandaa of the separate organizations.
firemen. Among other important
national unions already affiliated
are the building workers, the distributive workers and the Amalgamated Engineering Union.
Class Struggle Taboo
Some left wing educationalists
advocate acceptance of the scheme
on the ground that lt will link
the National Council more closely
with the general movement and
will enable it to exercise an even
greater influence than before. A
similar question rose from the opposite camp In the Workers' Educational Bureau of the United
States when its recent Philadelphia convention overwhelmed a
proposal to make the class struggle the basis of worker education.
LSft wing educators in America
have been elbowed out of the official movement since it came
under American Federation of
Labor control.
Australian Labor
To Boycotte United
States War Vessels
—A—
BRUCE
SUIT
IS A GOOD SUIT
We pay special attention
to fitting our suits and
so give satisfaction to
our customers.
—Prices—
$25 to $40
C. D. BRUCE
Limited
Cor. Homer and Hastings St.
VANCOUVER, B.C.
The Original
HARVEY
Logging Boot
HAND-MADE BOOTS
for
LOGGERS,  MINERS,
CRUISERS and
PROSPECTORS
Quick Service for Repairs
All Work Guaranteed
Special Attention  to  Mail  Ordors
H. Harvey
Established in Vancouver in 1887
58  OORDOVA  STREET W.
[By W. Francis Ahern.]
MELBOURNE, Aus.—Speaking
on behalf of a million organized
workers, the Melbourne Trades
Hall Council calls upon the Australian workers to refrain from any
social function in connection with
the visit of the American fleet as
a protest against the action of the
U. S. government in piling radicals
in jail.
U. S. Workers in Jails
The manifesto points out that "a
large number of the members of
the American working class are
still lying in United States jails
serving long and brutal terms of
imprisonment for alleged offenses.
Their only crime is that they dared
to oppose war and conscription and
dared to advocate industrial unionism and socialism."
After pointing out that protests
have been made to the American
consul and the Australian parliament for presentation to President
Coolidge, the manifesto says:
As Australia Eees It
The Australian Labor movement
considers the action of the American authorities in attacking members of the American working class
organlations to be an attack upon
the cardinal principles of the labor movement, namely: freedom
of speech, freedom of the press,
and the right of combination, all
of which are embodied in the American constitution. We therefore
join with the workers of all lands
in calling upon the people of America to demand {rom their government the release of all such prisoners,
"In making this appeal to the
Notes From The Crow
Partial employment still prevails
in the mines which only worked
two and three days each during
the past week, the south side of the
International mine at Coleman was
closed and about fifty men were
laid off, thus the ranks of the unemployed  are  daily  increasing.
Monday June the first gave birth
to another new union, the delegates ' from Bellevue, Hilcrest,
Blairmore, Coleman, Corbin and
^Michel met and brought into being
the "Mine Workers' Union of Canada," Prank Leary of Blairmore
was appointed provisional president and Dan Gillis of Coleman
provisional secretary, both are well
known miners throughout the district and the new union should
have a bright future under such
auspicious leadership.
There are still quite a number of
the men who were' discriminated
against at Hillcrest unable to obtain work although they have tried
in every camp from'Lethbridge to
Nelson, B. C, in some camps they
were actually offered work but as
soon as the employers learned they
were from Hillcrest there was
nothing doing. But then that is all
right in this free country where
every man can obtain employment
if he only seeks It. Sometimes he
has to do lots of seeking however.
Striking Sailors
Brutally Flogged
In Parasite State
NEW YORK.—-AU of Florida's
flogging of labor men are not ln
the turpentine camps. The latest
story of the lash is told at the
headquarters of Delegate Robert
F. Bierley, who was arrested in
a ship strike at Miami with two
companions, and taken into the
countryside, where all three were
savagely beaten.
The strike that led to the lashings took place on the Lake Gun-
ni, a steamship of the Gulf Southern Line. Bierley says they were
arrested at the instance of one
of the ship's officers and taken
to the Miami police station, where
they were held incommunicado
for 36 hours. Then they were
flung into automobiles, hand-cuffed, and rushed for the outskirts
of the city.
Beaten and Robbed
Blackjacks were freely applied
as the cars sped outward, the delegate reports, and his narrative
continues as follows:
"After being taken out to a deserted roadway, we were thrown
out of the cars and our clothes
torn off us. One sat on our feet
and another upon our heads while
the rest took turns flogging us
with heavy leather straps until
they were tired out. My clothes
were stolen and some of my supplies. One, wearing an American
Legion button, while taking the
handcuffs off my wrists, took $20
out of my pocket. He didn't get
all, as I had some of it in another pocket. I have not seen
the other seamen since, arid I
fear they may havo been killed.
The next morning I took the highway and came as far as Pensa-
cola and was again arrested while
walking through. Thirty-six hours
later I was released and I came
to Mobile."
Soviet Workers Are
Taking No Chances
x With British Nai
LONDON.—Considerable ind*
nation is reported to be f<j
throughout Soviet Russia by t|
announcement of the British _6
ernment that British warships!
going to maneuver in the Balt(
some time late in June.
Dispatches from the Soviet U(
ion state that martial law may
declared in the Kronstadt distrjj
as soon as the British warshlj
appear  in   Baltic  waters.    The,
seems to  be  no  reason  for tq
maneuvers   except   the   arroga^
desire of Britain to make a den
onstration of her sea power. Fa]
from   Intimidating   the   worked
republic, however, indications ad
that the threat only angers th|
Russian workers, who see ln Itf
hostile   gesture   at   their   Sovlj
power.
workers of America, we cordially
Invite the co-operation of the
fleet. Our fight against oppression affects the welfare of the rank
and file of the army and navy,
either at home or abroad, just as
the rest of the members of the
community. We join with them In
urging the American people, if
they believe in the rights and liberties of the American constitution to open the jails and set our
comrades free."
DOES YOUR WATOH GIVE SATISFACTION?
IP NOT,   SEND IT TO
FRED. KALTENBACH
305 OARRALL STREET . IN RAINIER HOTEL
WATCHMAKER AND JEWELER
Waltham, Hamilton and Illinois Watches Kept in Stock
UNDER SPECIAL GUARANTEE
British Fascisti
Attack "The Sunday
Worker" in Glasgow
GLASGOW.—The British Fascisti have begun to make their
long-threatened attacks on the
Sunday Worker.
The distributing office of this
paper in Hope Street, Glasgow,
was broken into and all books and
files relating to the Sunday Worker
were stolen.
Papers were destroyed by pouring red Ink over them. A banner
was soaked ln black ink—the favorite color of all good Fascisti,
who dream some ^ay of becoming
infant Mussolini's wearing a black
shirt and a terrible frown.
BRITISH DOCKERS DEMAND
IMMEDIATE ACTIO]
LONDON, Eng.—Efforts are ba
ing made to resume negotiation'
for securing a settlement of 0_\
problems affecting labor at tb
docks here and other parts of th
country, particularly with a vle|
to eliminating casualizatlon ad
the establishment of a guarantee
week.
Proposals were recently put foij
ward for re-reglstratlon and &ti
recent meeting London dockej
threatened to take drastic actio,
unless something was done to rer
tdy existing conditions.
Co-operation is the bost mean.*;
to self-help. Isolation spells failure.    Joint action insures success.
AMERICAN TRADE WITH
RUSSIA GROWING FA
NEW   YORK—Because   of  tlj
unprecedented  trade turnover
nearly  $100,000,000 between ArJ
erica and Russia last year, Isalq
J.  Hoorgin,  chairman of Amtoi]
Tj-ading   Corporation,   agent
Russia in America, believes clos"
business  relations  are  developii
between the two countries. Hoor_
finds that Russia ls looking most^
the United States for the pattern i
its agricultural and industrial r|
habllltatlon.
Empire
Cafe
QUALITY
COURTESY
REASONABLE
76 Hastings East
HAROLD DEGG and
BOB KRAUSE
Late filth Batt. and 72nd Batt.
MAINLAND CIGAR STORE
"The Place for Pipes"
Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention
310 CARRALL STREET VANCOUVER, B.O.
Red Star Drug Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
We Mako a Special Effort to Get Goods Ont by First Mall
After Receipt of Yonr Order
Corner Cordova and Carrall
Vanoouver, B.O. if Friday, June 19, 1925
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Seven
.ritish and Russian
Labor Unions Issue
Statement on Unity
LONDON,     Eng.—Propositions
for an immediate conference hereon  the  International  Federation of Trade Unions and the Russian unions, and for co-operation
fetween the British  and  Russian
*bor   movements,   are   contained
a Joint statement of the Anglo-
lussian Trade Union Conference.
Ratification  of the  agreement is
now up to the trade unions of the
[wo countries.    "National and international unity," says the statement, "is the firBt essential to enable the trade union movement to
jefend the position of the work-
and to achieve the social and
Political situation in nearly every
country is dominated by reaction.
Ifi   the  Industrial   and   economic
field the capitalists of all coun-
ries are forming an International
I/ont for the exploitation of work-
pra all over the world."
(§lh (tottirg E&hur News
British Labor to Stage Huge
Unemployment Demonstration
(By British Labor Press Service.)
UNDER the auspices of the Joint Advisory Couneil, representing the General Council of the British Trades Union
Congress and the National Unemployed Workers' Committee
movement, a vigorous attempt is to be made in Great Britain
to rouse the country against the evil of unemployment.
Demonstrations are being arranged in 28 of the principal
industrial centres for Sunday, June 21, which the national
leaders are determined to make -memorable in the history of
the industrial movement. Other demonstrations will be organized by the local trades councils in their areas.
Throughout the country, on Na-*to deal with it can. fully appreciate
ibor Demands the
I Recall of British Armed
Forces at Shanghai
LONDON.—In reply to an appeal from the Shanghai strikers
the British trade uniqns, the
[xecutive of the British Trade Un-
pn Congress has sent a formal
protest to Premier Baldwin
|gainst the use of British soldiers
Shanghai.
The protest urges the immedi-
tte withdrawal of British armed
forces for the reason that the
Shanghai trouble is actually a
violent conflict between workers
[nd employers.
i Much blood has been shed and
Eiany workers shot down, the pro-
pst adds, and instead of British
poops protecting the employers,
,ie workers who are fighting for
reater industrial freedom and
gainst unbearable conditions
nould be supported.
tional Unemployment Sunday, the
whole strength of the Trade Union
movement will be mobilized to
bring home to the Government the
meaning of the present abnormal
condition of industry.
Huge Unemployed Army
Only those who are directly concerned with the problem of unemployment as the Trade Unions have
I FARM WORKERS MINIMUM
LONDON, Eng.—North Wales
rm workerB have applied to the
gricultural Wages Board for a
Inimum weekly wage of £2. This
lould represent an increase of 15s.
Many Notable Women
Assemble in Meeting
(British-Labor Press Service.)
LONDON, Eng.—A feature of
the Seventh Annual Conference of
Labor Women held at Birmingham on May 27 and 28 was the
number of women holding membership on elected bodies.
They include one member of
parliament, Miss Ellen Wilkinson
(chairman of the public conference); three ex-members of parliament, Miss Margaret Bondfleld,
Miss Susain Lawrence and Miss
Dorothy Jewson; four city or
county councillors, Mrs. Dollan,
Mrs. Davles, Mrs. Royton and
Mrs. Holland, and a long list of
women  guardians and  J.P.'s.
For live readable news of the
farmer-labor movement, read' THE
CANADIAN 'FARMER-LABOR
ADVOCATE.
Many British Miners Jobless
TOAT THERE WERE 150,000 coal miners out of employment, and he was prophesying that the number would be
^creased during the next six months by many, many thou-
ads, and that the industry would be far worse than it was
sn at the. present moment, several thousand Scottish coal
lers were told by A. J. Cook, General Secretary of the
liners' Federation of Great Britain.
The industry he represented had been and was still the
ost important industry in the country.   It was upon the back
the British mining industry that Britain became the work-
pp of the world.   From being the workshop of the world,
irever, Britain was now becoming a workhouse.   Four hunted  pits  had  closed  down  andfcondition provided that a, condition
[0,000 miners were unemployed,
Jiile the mine owners had made
(clear profit of£295,000,000, and
90,000,000 had peen paid in roy-
[ies.
Ir.   Cook   said   the   Executive
nmittee were united to a man
It there would not be five mine's    consideration    for    lonyer
ttrs.      They    were    absolutely
bed that they were not going
lagree to a national reduction in
Iges,  and  they  were  absolutely
■ted on the point that the min-
l-was entitled to a living wage.
Itlclsing the owners for encour-
Ing sectional unions at the very
lie they were asking the Federa-
|n to come and reason with them,
Cook declared that if the Min-
Executive were  going to sit
Iwn with the owners'to discuss
langes in the industry* that were
ling to help the industry, he was
ling to make .It a condition that
fery man must be a member of
union that he was-negotiating
He would not be a party to*
i signing of any other agreement
ith the employers unles the flrst
of employment in the mining industry would be a membership of
the union.
He told the miners quite plainly,
that he would not advocate a move
until they had got their organization into trim.
The struggle they were up
gainst was no easy one. There was
a world crisis. They were told that
the present position was caused by
German competition; but he had
just come back from Brussels, and
he found that British coal was being put into the markets of Europe
cheaper than their own coal, and
that it was British competition
that had been bringing down the
wages of the Germans. Concluding Mr. Cook declared that they
could not solve this problem under private ownership. Therefore,
they were going to flght for nationalization, and they were going to
get other unions to fight with them.
They would never mind the Tory
Government. If the unions would
stand together Baldwin could pray
from now till Doomsday, and the
unions would wipe them out.
MANY BRITISH COMMUNISTS
IN FACTORY GROUPS
LONDON.—The 70 Communist
factory groups and a 25 per cent,
increase in membership are features of the report of the central
executive committee of the British
Communist party. The report
shows a membership of a little
over 5,000, about 10 per cent of
whom are embraced in the factory
groups. The party organ The
Workers Weekly, maintains an avorage circulation of 50,000 an indication that the influence of the
party is in excess of the membership figures.
the nature of the existing evil. The
official statistics published by the
Ministry of Labor, based on the
Employment Exchange figures relating to the 11% million insured
workpeople, showed that at the
end of April there were over \y_
million unemployed.
This figure by no means reveals
the real extent of the problem.
Skilled Workers Suffer
Trade Union returns show that
the incidence of unemployment is
severely felt in industries employing skilled men, and that in the
majority of them the percentage
of unemployed is increasing. In
the coal-mining industry the Trade
Union returns show an unemployed
percentage of 19.0; in engineering
and shipbuilding 13.0; in the leather trade 10.6; in the textile trades,
the miscellaneous metal trades,
printing, bookbinding and paper
trades an abnormally high percentage continues to be recorded.
Union Funds Drained
As an illustration of what unemployment means to the Trade
Unions, one may cite the fact emphasized by Mr. J. T. Brownlie, as
president of the Amalgamated Engineering Union, when a deputation of the Union met the Prime
Minister recently, that in the four
years of trade depression this one
organization has expended more
than £4,000,000 in benefits to its
members.
Union Losses
The loss sustained by the Trade
Union movement as a whole in
direct expenditure on behalf of unemployed members is colossal.
Mere money expenditure does not
exhaust the tale of sacrifices made
by the Unions; decreases in membership, reduced income, mortgaged resources, and restriction of
their activities in all directions are
part of the price the Unions have
had to pay for the national failure
to cope with the problem.
Purchasing Power Reduced
An immense reduction of purchasing power among the wage-
earners has taken place in the last
four years. It is probably no ex.
aggeration to say that ths national
wage bill has been reduced by
nearly one-half.
Wages Reduced
Wage cuts totalling more than
£500 millions a year have been
officially recorded, and they admittedly do not cover the wage cuts
that have been made in the case
of agricultural workers, Government employees, shop assistants,
domestic servants, and other classes of wage-earners.
Worse to Come
There are grave apprehensions
that unemployment will be intensified this year. The banking policy of the country has undoubtedly had a very serious effect, and
renewed attempts at deflation arc
b< und to make matters worse.
Foreign trade shows no real
signs of improvement, and one of
the most vital export trades, namely, the coal trade, is in such a state
that no fewer than 140,000 to 150,-
003 mine-workers are unemployed
and the number is Increasing.
The industrial war of capitalists
. . . has this peculiarity, that its
battles are won less by means of
enlisting than of discharging Its
industrial recruits. The generals,
or capitalists, vie with one another
as to who can dispense with the
greater number of his soldiers.—
Karl Marx.
British Government
Rejects Eight-Hour
Work Day Measure
A bill introduced by a Labor
member to give legislative form
to the draft convention of the International Labor Conference of
Washington, 1919, for a compulsory 48-hour week, was rejected
in the British parliament. Sir
Arthur Steel Maitland, the minister of labor, declared that if the
bill were ratified ln Great Britain
there was no reason to believe
that this would "insure ratification by France, Germany aflid Bel-
glum," and meanwhile they (the
British government) "could not
lay additional burdens on British
industry." He was "willing, lf
necessary, to have further consultation with the government representatives of other countries."
WANTED—A Supervisor of Home
Economics in* the Vanconver Elementary and High Schools. Applicant
should preferably be a graduate of
some recognized University in Home
Economics subjects, and if possible In
the supervision of such work. Applications should reach the undersigned not
later than July 15th,  1925.
J.  S.  GORDON,
Municipal Inspector of  Schools.
CITY OF VANCOUVER
VOTING on Money By-Laws for Roads, Sewers,
and Bathhouse at Kitsilano Beach, and on
Plebiscite Annexation of South Vancouver.
ON SATURDAY, JUNE 20th, 1925
From 9 A.M. to 7 P.M.
Only Registered Owners or Registered Agreement Holders
and Duly Authorized Agents of any Corporation assessed
for $300.00 or over are entitled to vote.
The Voter has ONE VOTE only in the City, and must
vote in the Polling Division in which his or her property is
situate. \_i_0_
POLLING DIVISIONS and POLLING PLACES
WABD 1
No.    1.   At Lord Roberts School, all West of Nicola Street.
No.    2.   At  School room  First  Congregational  Church,  between  Nicola and
Burrard Streets, and between False Creek and Nelson Street.
No.    3.    At Aberdeen School, between Nelson Street and Burrard Inlet, and
between Nicola Street and Burrard Street.
WABD 2
No.    4.    At  Dawson  School,  between  Smythe  Street  and  False  Oreek, and
Burrard Street and False Creek.
No,    6.    At  Central  School, all  between Smythe  Street  and Pender  Street,
and between Burrard Street and False Creek.
No.    6.    At  Dominion Hall,  all  between  Fender   Street  and  Burrard Inlet,
from Burrard Street to Carrall Street.
WABD 3
No.    7.    At Orango Hall, all between Carrall Street and Jackson Avenue,
No.    8.   At Stratheona School, all between Jackson Avenue and Glen Drive.
No.   9.    At MacDonald School, all north of Pender Street East, and between
Glen Drive and Nanaimo Street.
WARD 4
No. 10.    At Britannia High School, all between Glen Drive and Commereial
Drive, and between Pender Street and Graveley Street.
No. 11.    At Lord Nelson School, all between Commercial Drive and Nanaimo
Streot, and between Pender Street and Graveley Street.
No. 12.   At Grandview School, all between Glen Drive and Commercial Drive,
and between Graveley Street and Broadway East.
No. 18.    At School room,  Trinity Methodist Church, on  7th Avenue, all between Commercial Drivo and Nanaimo Street, and between Graveley
Street and Broadway E,
WABD 6
No. 14.   At Oddfellows'  Hall,  Main Street,  from False  Creek to Broadway,
and from Prince Edward Street to Cambie Streot.
No. 16.   At Simon Fraser School, from Broadway to 16th Avenue, and from
Princo Edward Street to Cambie Stroot.
No. 16.    At King Edward High  School,  from Cambie  Street to Oak Street,
and from Falso Creek to 16th Avenuo.
No. 17.    At Cecil Rhodes School,  from Oak  Street  to Granville  Street,  and
from False Creek to 16th Avenuo.
WABD 6
No. 18.   At  Fairview   School,   from   Granvillo   Stroot   to   Maple  Street,   and
from 4th Avenue to 16th Avonue.
No. 19.    At Kitsilano High  School,  from  Maplo  Street  to  Trafalgar  Street
and from 4th Avenue to 16th Avenue.
No. 20.    At General Gordon School, from Trafalgar Streot to Trutoh Street,
and from Eng'ish Bay to 16th Avenue.
No, 21.    At  Bayview  School,  from Trutch  Street  to  Alma Road, and from
English Boy to  16th Avenue.
No. 22.    At Henry Hudson's  School,  from English Bay to 4th Avenuo, and
from Granville Street  to Trafalgar Street.
WABD 7  (Hastings Townsite)
No, 23.    At  Hastings   School,   from  Hastings   Street   te  Burrard  Inlet,   and
from Nanaimo Stroet to Windermere Street.
No. 24,    At  Finnish  Hall,  from  Hastings   Street to  6th  Avenue,  and  from
Nanaimo Street to Windermere Street.
No. 25.    At   Franklin   School,   from  Windermere   Street   to  Boundary  Road,
and from Burrard Inlet to Eth Avenue.
No. 26.   At No. IS Firehall, Nootko Stroot and 22nd Avenue, from 5th Avenue to 29U> Avenue, and from Nanaimo Street to Boundary Road.
WABD 8
No. 27.    At Florence Nightingale  School, from Falso Creek to  12th Avenue,
and from Prince Edward Street to Glen Drivo.
No. 28.   At Alexandra School,  on Broadway East,  from Glen Drive to Nanaimo Stroet, and from Broadway to 15th Avenue.
No. 29.    At  Charles  Dickens   School,   bounded   on   North   by   12th  Avenue,
Glen Drivo and  15th Avenue,  ou thc East by Knight Road, on the
South  by  25th  Avenuo,  on  the  West  by  St.  Catherines  Street  to
Kingsway, and along Kingsway to 12th Avenue.
No. 30.   At Ash Hall, from Main Street to St, Catherines Stroet, and from
Kingsway, Prince Edward  and  16th Avenue on the North to 25th
Avenue on tho South.
WILLIAM McQUEEN, City Clerk. Page Eight
THE CANADIAN FARMER-LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, June 19; 192
•OPEN FORUM
fedlktUd <"p&*|e
QUESTION BOX
Address  All  Letters  apd
Remittances to the Editor
Sty* (hmalftm I artwr-Sabor Abtroraft
THE CALF AND THE
NEW BARN DOOR
AS COULD be expected the publication of this paper has
evoked some comment, favorable
and other wise. One literary genius, with a paucity of analytical
abilities, coupled with a superabundance of mental laziness, and
empty., newspaper., space,., states
Miat the advent of this paper con-
inns his suspicions that a federal
.flection is imminent. What method of logic was used to reach
this conclusion is not stated, but
seeing that the writer poses as
something of an empiricist we
suppose his pronunciamento is the
fruit of close Intimacy with election jugglery. However, we are
not worrying. ..It is not unusual
to see a calf look askance at a
new barn door. We are content
to let our future actions speak
for itself.
1129 Howe Street; Vancouver, B.C.
iiminiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiimiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiNiimiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
i» I* ' iuii mnmmi M i     i iiimmmiui i
$2 A TEAR
« SIX MONTHS
A "Suicide" in a Polish
Prison
T'HE political prisoners were in
strict solitary confinement in a
very small cell. During the night
one heard groans in the prison.
We could get Into contact through
knocking at the walls. We were
told that the new prisoners arrived and were brutally tortured.
Every morning new terrible news
reached us. To one of them the
nails were cut out of the fingers,
to others the arms were turned
out and the skin hurt with iron
Instruments. To others the teeth
were broken away, thgir mouths
were injured so much that they
could speak |P0 more.
Of the 150 prisoners we saw
only six in the courtyard, all the
Others were wounded and tired in
their cells. Even the walk in the
open air was a torture to them.
. . . One of them wanted to lean
against the wall because he was
tired. He was immediately driven
to the cell with the words: "You
•Jog, if you can't walk, remain in
/our cell and perish."
This was the last walk. We had
protested and were put in strict
solitary confinement. The cells
were cold and wet. We were terribly cold. Deep silence was in
prison like a courtyard. Only
sometimes one heard groans.
Suddenly the door Of my neighboring cell was torn open. One
heard a terrible fight, a noise and
groans ... no cries. Is he
strangled? I press my ear against
the door and hear a low groaning.
Silently the hangmen leave the
cell. They lock the door. The
night lies in silence. No groan
any more. I lie frozen on the
cold floor and, withou^ knowing,
guard  the  dead.
When the morning dawn rises
before the window like a ghost,
I knock agaijU to the wall as the
day before. Silence in the death
room. I go to the window and
call with pleading voice, "Comrade" And then I knock again
and repeat, but no answer—strangled and hanged!
And nobody knows the tortures
suffered by a human bei,ug in a
lonely prison cell. ... I. dig his
name into the wall with my nails
■—strangled and hanged. Tho other day there was a rumor in the
prison—"Comrade N. has hanged
himself in his cell!" The bourgeois press reports of a suicide
in the prison of the "Holy Cross"
in White Poland.
Swedish rallwaymen will receive
a bonus commensurate with the increase in the cost of living this
year.
-THE MINERS OP NdVA SCOTIA, driven to desperation,
have been compelled in self-defense to turn upon Besco—
the most brutal and avaracious corporation that ever befouled
Canadian atmosphere. For months before the strike took
place the wives and children of the miners had been going
hungry and half naked, because Besco refused to pay them
sufficient to live upon, So long as they starved quietly no
one cared, except a few organized members of their class;
but as soon as they did what any starving animal will do-
took food for themselves—troops were rushed in by the government, because capitalistic governments exist for the protection of private property. One miner has already been openly
murdered by this corporation, while several others have been
wounded. Details of latest developments in the strike area
have not yet reached us. When it does it will be published.
Meantime, we wish the strikers every success in their battle
for bread. May "our gallant troops" have as much success
in Nova Scotia as they had in 1919 and 1920, when they tried
to plant the Union Jack on the Kremlin.
TJOVELS IN VANCOUVER appear to be multiplying. One
would not think so by reading the mental-contorting headlines in the daily press; but Alderman Bennett informs us
that: "There are twenty-eight children and parents living on
one narrow lot in Grandview, and such a condition should
not be allowed." Pious opinions never yet built a house, but
the civic dad says nothing as to what he intends doing about
it. That doubtless is being reserved for campaign shrapnel
at next election. It is not a "not to be allowed" matter.
This condition exists—here—today, and is not an isolated case,
either. These people do not live there because they like it,
but because they have to. That fact should be apparent even
to the slow-working mental apparatus of Alderman Bennett,
because there are still men on relief work getting two dollars
per day. What is required is not sotto voice pleating, but
the sweeping from office and power all the mental incompetents, platitude purveyors and profit-mongers that live by
squeezing those who toil.
DROSPERITY HAS NOT ARRIVED YET. Perhaps Honest
John has gone to Ottawa to meet it, which may also account for the recent- shave that netted him several feet of free
advertising and a lengthy editorial in the "Vancouver Province." Tuesday's papers recorded the suicide of an elderly
woman in Vancouver, who left a note saying: "I have no
money and no means of living. I have to do it." On the
same day we were told of an ex-soldier who killed himself in
Swift Current, because "a certain mortgage company was
hounding him to death." These are the outward and visible
signs of prosperity as it exists in Western Canada. These
are the conditions that obtain while Canadian government and
C.P.R. agents rake Europe for immigrants, in order to flood
the country with labor and reduce wages. These are the victims who endure the club of capitalism in silence, and who,
i£ they dare to raise their voice in protest, are either shoved
into jail for sedition or browbeaten into subjection.
rPHE BOTTOM RUNG OF DEGENERACY and deliberate
falsification was recently reached by the "Vancouver
Sun," when the management of that malodorous rag decided
to display certain pictures in its street window purporting to
depict present conditions in Russia. Some sordid-minded hack
gathered together a number of pictures taken in the Volga
region (the illiterates who run the "Sun" sptll it "Wolga")
during the famine, and labelled it to create the impression
that it depicted conditions existing there today. There is
only tine person in Vancouver capable of sinking to such
depths, that is the one who, whenever a trial is on, writes
editorials calling for the prisoner's blood. TLe idea must bc
his. When the people on the Volga were starving because
of a crop failure, and every person with an ounce of human
sympathy was trying to assist them, all the "Sun" did *was
lend its yelping aid to the plunderous pirates who were invading that country. Now, when an opportunity for lying
and misleading propaganda presents itself, the "Sun," like
a crow seeking carrion, seizes the occasion with avidity, madly
cawing its morbid joy.
Machines—Human
Ahd Otherwise
[By Lucy L. Woodsworth]
CTRANQE how uncritically we
*J accept the thing to which we
are accustomed. The other day
my attention was turned to a particular phase of our industrial life
by a book of the Webbs. They
were contrasting the values set upon the two kinds of machines ln
use today. The ordinary machine
no matter how expensive, hiust be
bought and paid for by the owners
of the factory. Then lt must be
given the right amout of fuel and
oil—say lt Is a steam engine—■to
keep it fit. I must be worked at
the correct rate that will citable
lt to produce enough before it becomes obsolete, to make it a profitable investment. It must be
scrapped at the right time and
then the factory-owner must buy
a new machine and pay for it.
*The Human Machine
It is very different With the human machine. Here the human
element enters, it is true, but who
pays any attention to that! It is
true too that this human machine
has taken ten, fifteen or twenty
years to make. Father and mother
have toiled and scrimped that he
might have the food, the clothing,
and the warmth necessary for his
growth. In sickness he has been
tenderly nursed no matter how
great the physical weariness entailed.   He is a part of their life.
But the day comes when he must
take his place as a machine in the
factory. What does this machine
—this human machine—cost the
employer? Not one cent. True,
that just as thc engine must be
given oil and fuel to keep it fit,
so must he be given wages enough to keep him approximately
up to the efficiency standard. But
the employer need not worry to
any nicety about just at what point
he can afford to scrap the human
machine. Whenever he is too bent
or broken, too worn to be any
longer efficient, the factory door
may open outward to him tor the
last time.
Workers Half Starved
Do you say it is ridiculous to assert that wages amount only to the
upkeep bf the worker? The situation is even worse. Look at the official statements for Canada and
you will find that the majority bf
the industrial workers receive during the year much less than the
government estimate of what it
costs to keep an average family in
proper physical condition.
Little wonder that the worker
speaks bitterly of himself as a
"wage slave". In the days of slavery ln the South the owner had
to keep hiB slave fit or suffer the
penalty of having to buy another.
In modem Industry the factory-
owner has only to scrap the human
machine and choose another from
the long row standing ready-made,
cost-free, awaiting his choice.
DOOMED
Pear not that tyrants' shall ru
-fbrever,
Or the priests of the bloody faitij
They  stand   on  the  brink  of
mighty Wver,
Whose waves they have taintej
with death;'
It ls fed from the depths of
thousand dells,
Around them lt foams, and ragj
and swells,
And their swords and their sce^
ter" I floating see,
Like   wrecks   on   the   surge
eternity.
•*-43HELLEY>
Pass this copy on to your sho{
mate and get Him to subscribe.
Jnst Checking Up
—by Simpson, negro laborer,
putting ln his firBt day with a cod
Struction gang Whose' foreman wa
known for getting the maximuj
amount of labor out of his me^
Simpson was helping in the
bf moving the right bf way, an
all day long he carried heavy tii
bers and ties, until, at the eloi
of the day, he was completely tir J
out; Came Quitting time. Before f
wont he approached the boss
Bald:
"Mister, you sure you got
down on the payroll?"
The foreman looked over the llj
of names he held. "Tes," he
finally, "here you are—Simpson-1
Roy Simpson.   That's right, lsi[
it?"
"Taas suh," said the negtf
"dass right. I thought maybe y|
put me down as Sampson.'
Bird, Bird & Lefeav
BABBI8TBBS,  8OXJ0ITOB8, ETO. J
401-408 Metropolitan Building
837 Halting! St. W., Vancouver, B..J
Xol.p_.onM: Seymonr 6666 ud 661
Good House]
Nine Colors
Qts. 95?, y2-Gal-"?*•?*
Gallons $3.25
3-PLY PANtLS
Fir and Lamatco
4 3-4c per sq. ft. and up
acctttding to grade and
quantity.
Gregory &Rei<
Paint Co.
Sey. 4686 117 Hastingi]
We Deliver
We Want All Union Men to Know We Carrj
Union Made
The Headlight people hsve (vet opened a work ihlrt department—and
they a— dandiei, in light and dark bine (union labeled)  92.26
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 Cordova Street W.

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