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The Canadian Labor Advocate Nov 6, 1925

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Array THE CAMABIAM
With Which Is Incorporated THE B. C. Bf SRATIONIST
(Seventeenth Year.  No. 45 ■
VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY MORNING, _ JV. 6, 1925
Eight Pages.
5c A COPY
Professor Hokum's Korner
Kanadian Klowns' Konclave
■THAT band ol half-wits, the Ku Klux Klan, who have
been so successful in terrorizing several districts in
the Southern States, are establishing a Canadian headquarters in Vancouver. A iveck ago the editor of The
LABOR ADVOCATE received the following communication, written on the official Klan stationery:
"1800 Matthews Ave. W.,
"Editor Labor Advocate: Vancouver, B.O,
"Sir—Friday, October 29th, 1925, being the FEARFUL DAY of the WEIRD WEEK, of the DREADFUL
MONTH, ^of the year of the KLAN ONE, Kanadian
Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, an informal reception
will be held at the IMPERIAL PALACE, 1690 Matthews Avenue, West, at 8 p.m. ALL GENII, DRAGONS,
HYDRAS, GREAT TITANS, and FURIES, GIANTS, EXALTED OYOLOPE, and TERRORS, will be present .to
meet under the kindly light of the FIERY CROSS
which will illuminate the KLAVERN.
"You are personally invited to attend. Upon presentation of this letter at the door, the holder will be
conducted to the AULIK of the IMPERIAL KLAZIK,
who will be glad to give details as to the objects, Ideals
and purposes of the Kanadian Knights of the Ku'Klux
Klan.
"Dome in the executive chambers of HIS EXCELLENCY, the IMPERIAL KLAZIK, in the IMPERIAL
PALACE, in the IMPERIAL CITY of Vancouver, Prov-
ince ot British Columbia, Dominion of Canada, on the
day and date above written.
"By His Excellency,
"If. L. POWELL,
"IMPERIAL., KLAZIK,   INVISIBLE EMPIRE,
"KANADIAN  KNIGHTS OF THE KU KLUX KLAN."
Was Darwin right?
King Government and Railways
Plot to Bring in More Immigrants
•THAT Mackenzie Ki,ng and  his the    co-ordination    of    activities to  function  early  in  1986.    The
cohorts are plotting with the abroad, having in mind the stim- company will be associated with
■'„'■>_             ,          „    ,  - ulation of the movement to Can- important British steamship inter-
railroad companies to flood Con- a(Ja Qf clas_es especlally adapted ests foP the transportation of farm
ada with immigrants, at a time t0 work on the land
when there is insufficient employment* for those already here, is
evidenced by the following excerpt from the "Railway Trainman." This item reads:
"Immigration to Canada,  from
"The   Hudson's  Bay Company,
laborers and settlers.
"Hqn. James J. • Davis, U.S. seo-
,*, ,    .    .   . , retary of labor, when recently in
which   has   been   so   prominently   ,,    .     , .. . .        , ,
H *   Montreal,  gave it as his opinion
identified   with   Canada's   past  in that ln fi-pty 0r seventy-
the old fur trading days, and five years Canada would have fifty
which still maintains fur trading or seventy-five millions of people,
posts in Canada's Par North and Hon. Mr. Robb, Minister of Fi-
the British Isles in particular, has hew-fashioned departmental stores nance, and formerly Minister of
been the subject of numerous con- ln Canada's western cities, Is also Immigration and Colonization,
ferences of the prime minister to take measures to promote im- who spoke at the same luncheon
and other members of his cabinet migration and land settlement in at which Mr. Davis was present,
with Sir Henry Thornton of the Canada. A subsidiary company pointed put that immigrants did
C.N.R. and E. W. Beatty of the has been formed, to be kpbwn as well In Canada, and cited the
C.P.R. »The railway executives Hudson's Bay Company Overseas cases of Premier John Oliver of
have been urging strongly a more Settlemenjjn_td., and while prelim- British Columbia, Premier Green-
intensive campaign for, .the pro- inary ai-Jpngements are expected field of Alberta, and Premier Dun.
motion of immigration and ar- to take a little time, it is likely ning of Alberta, all of whom had
rangements   are   betng   made  for that   the   organization  ytlii begin   come to Canada as immigrants."
,,
leneral Strike Ties Up Chile
JUENOS   AIRES,   Argentine.
general strike for 24 hours as
-A-'but   the   military   dictators   conspired  to   defeat   any   choice   by
protest  against  the  fraudulent   'hePe°P'e. among whom the or-
... r ganized   unionists   are  a   decisive
tection  engineered by the miii-   factor.   Under the aatounding ex_
ary dictatorship which acts as a cuse that "disorder" might result
tool   of   WaU   Street   imperialism if elections were held in the us-
ecently tied up the city of San- ual manner sanctified by all the
ln Chile, while 20,000 work- normal rules of "democracy," they
Michael Vassilyevitch Frunse
REVOLUTIONARY   ferment   al- clubs  that  were  part  and  parcel
ways   brings   to   the   surface ot  a11   the   revolutionary   parties.
men   and   figures   who,   but   for WhUe rtua-v^E at the university,
thmw   nnlltirai   n»Kn*,.,*t*           •__ he   *-olnea   the   Social   Democratic
these  political  up*eava!s,   would party and actively idenftfled him-
pass    into    the    obscurity    from self with the Bolshevik faction of
which they came without note or that organization.    From then on
Comment.     The   Russian   revolu- till   his death he  was  one of its
tion has beon particularly fruitful foremost members.
in this respect, more so than tlio He was arrested on several oc-
revolutlons in England and France, casions by the Tsar's police, eith-
To this category belongs Michael or escaping or beirtf released. On
Vassilyevitch      Fru*nse,      People's one occasion he was sentenced to
Commlsar for Naval and Military death for armed resistance to the
Affairs and Chairman of the Mill- Police, but the sentence was com-
tary   Revolutionary   Council,   who muted to hard labor.    Under var-
has just died in Russia.    His fu- 'ous   names,   as   i—t- organizer   or
neial took place in Moscow, where newspaper  editor,   he   carried   on
his  body will  be  laid  beside   his revolutionary   work   that   was   to
.1   s' wnnn«wnBTO   *t   t>       leader'  Lenin'  in a grave  by tne aid  ln  bringing about the* down-
u. o.  wuu__6.wuK_._i, M. r.      Kremllni that Holy of Ho]lies once falI   of  the   Romanoff8   and   the
JS. WOODSWORTH, M. P., for  sacred to the Little Fathers of the defection   of   the   Russian   armies
*    Winnipeg  North   Centre,   will  Russian people. in the Great War.
address  a  public   meeting,   under      Frunse   was   a   young   man   ln During the unsettled period be-
the auspices of the Canadian La- years, being born in Tui-kestan in tween     February    a,nd    October,
in the  Royal  Theatre   1885,   the   son   of   a   Moldavian 1917* Frunse occupied various re-
{<n ln  mass  meeting  demonstra-   decreed     that,     although    there
ed tlieir refusal to recognize the  should be an election, all parties  bor Party, _______._____________________^	
lection   as  valid   and   demanded   must agree on one candidate, and   on  the  night of November  15th. peasant.    Like many more young sponsible positions in White Rus-
annullmeint.    Censorship    in   they  obligingly  furnished   one   of  Mr.   Woodsworth   will   arrive   in Russians suffering under the  op- sia* mostly in a military capacity,
Vancouver on the  10th, and will pressive    conditions    of    life    in and* on the outbreak of the Bol-
leave  again  for ..the  East  on  the Tsarist Russia, he became a revo- sbevik revolution, he,  as chief of
16th.   All those who desire to get lutionary while still a schoolboy, the   military   revolutionary   com-
a "close up" of the politicians in joining one  of the  self-education mittee of White  Russia, came to
tille    prevents    truthful    details their   choice,   Emlllano   Figueroa-
trom   being  sent   by   usual   tele- Larralne.
rams. (Continued on Page 2)
The military  dictatorship  braz- <
I inly sets aside the  popular will plloc«       p       1  *•
if the people, and every effort to KUSSian iteVOlUtlOIl
ispress mass discontent is sup- Celebration Saturday
iressed  with  martial  law,   which 	
iot long ago  sent  a dozen  loyal _.     ,.                .        .        ■'
_,„,,,       ,       .    .         , The Vancouver branches of the
nd fine working class leaders of „„„„„„, .   „   ,       „ „
__    »*.,_   x    __,       , xt i      _    ,L Communist Party of Canada will
he Nitrate  Miners'  Union to the
jiorrible prison exile on the bleak,
celebrate the Eight anniversary of
the Proletarian Revolution in Rus-
Iocky and storm-swept islands of   ,,,.-,, ,     „ „
*      , _ ... .. sia in the Clinton Hall, corner of
'erra del Fuego, at the southernmost extremity of the continent.
This military dictatorship Ignor-
Id the civil government to such
n extent that its functioning was
..possible, the case of the Nitrate
finers' Union leaders being ah
ample, in which, although ac-
aitted of charges brought against
Hem: in'the civil courts by the wl^niat 9* W^.^K'!
action at Ottawa should make it a
point to be present.
The Labor Party speaker on Sunday evening next will be Dr. W. J.
Curry, who was the Labor candidate for Vancouver North In the
recent federal election. Dr. Curry
will speak on "The Social Revolution".
C.L.P. Preparing For
The Civic Elections
The Grenter Vancouver Central
Council   of   the   Canadian   Labor
Party is getting ready for the ap-
Meeting  commences   at   8  proachlng civic elections. A meet-
Clinton and Pender Streets, on Saturday, November 7th.
Commencing at 8 p.m. there will
be short addresses in English, Finnish, and Ukrainian, with a concert
programme including the Finnish
Orchestra, and the Ukrainian
choir.    The speeches and concert
p. m. in the Royal Theatre.
Highlights on This
Week's News
Ing of the council will bo held on
Wednesday, November llth, nt 8
p.m., at which Labor's candidates
will be nominated.
At last meeting of the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council the  the Red Army began the manoeu"-
following  were   recommended^ for  ers that resuited  in the destruction   of Admiral  Koltchak's  arm-
the aid of his fellow Bolsheviks
In Moscow with all the forces under his command, playing a great
part in the struggles that led to
the establishment of tho Soviet
povernment.
As n Red commander, Frunse
proved himself a,n able str,'.te"i.-n.
The four armies under his direction executed the successful
flanking movement that started
the retreat of Koltchak's forces.
He was appointed to the command of the whole eastern front
ln   June,   1919,   and   immediately
|itrate, mine owners, they were
Szed by the military, given a
ft.lo.1; "trial" by court martial,
Ud sent to the island prison,'
commence, and continue until midnight.
All those who desire to participate in. celebrating this the great-
nomination: For aldermen in Vancouver City: R. P. Pettipiece, A.
Mclnnis and W. J. Seribbins. For
Parks Board: W. Deptford and A.
V. lioft^g. For South Vancouver:   J.   G.   Smith,   A.  McDonald, _ _
Dawes PUn Hits Farmery.      2  ^.^j^-?*w^Ll"fk*J'>^km.   For  Wrangel   into   hiding   In   London.
1 "        *     " For  this work  he  was  presented
with   a   sword   of   honor   and   a
CANADIAN Page
Canadian   Clowns   Cackle      1
Government  Aids  Railways      1
Woodsworth to Speak in Vanconver     1
AMERICAN
les. Later, in 1920, he took
charge of the operations against
Wrangel i,n Southern Russia, and
succeeded in liquidating the counter-revolution    there    by   driving
portrait  of Karl   Marx.     He  was
|t Ji u'nd^tood her* that this est event in modern history should  iS^^WatT^xiaS^ .8 Burnaby: H. Engberg
Affair had CoiWid«r(lblt to do With mak» •■- a Point to be present. Ad-   Despoiling U.   S. .Forests  8                ■
lhe resignation from office of the «'»(<* charge will be, men 50                      3BmsH &T« H^^OT ^ dedd'
Tresident* of  the   "Ropublic"   of cents and ladies 25 cents.                ..        ,     „ f           „ ed to ask R. H. Neelands, M.L.A.
SnfcfWBKr w2-. .    —          KrA'dv^inrr^:::::::::::::: ? *£ pr*»';f «* mmo. to wounded three ttaeB .„ these 0P-
youW  no longor share respopsl- .   The  right  arm  of  Labor  is  a                       foreign nii«tin-   ,7\1      legl?Iature   the  "rations, a,p unique experience for
iSPfor th. conduot of affairs, -strong press.    Add power to this Gene„* strlk, ,„ ™ .      Zr IhelTf  !W " m°dern *enera1'    0n two occa-
_  Thta ■ resignation   naturally   re- arm by subscribing to THE CAN- &n W^I&SfeSS* 1 S*$ S9 T '"^'Vf6'1 be"  slons he »«■ presented  with ths
limited   in  a  call   for an  election, ADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE           German Workers Get Coolie Wages 3   „„.„.,     nlS  unlon  activities and   Order   of   the   Red   Banner,   tho
'                                                                                                                    '        . Bommwtan Gpyt, Arrets Peasants.... 8  affiliations, (Continusd  on  pags  ?) Page Two-
TBE CANADIAN^ LABOR ADVOCATE
-■'   ,'!       J'     ' I.'     I      ..SH|      ||       ||n     iM,.
Friday, November. 6, 3,925
■  ■'
Dawes* Plan Hits American ^tSi^e/
Farmera via German Tariffs     ."•5JL*""-
(By LELAND OLDS, Federated Press.)
(By Esther* Lowell; Federated
_ Press.)
Common Labor in U.S.
Averages 38 Cents An
Hour, Uncle Sam Says
(By Leland Olds)
The unjust basis on which wages-:
CLASSIFIED ADS.
BARRISTERS
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux, 401 Metro-**]
polltan Bldg.        v
BATHS
HOW  the  Dawes   plan  will  hit  Dawes   plan   must   cut   down   its     ATLANTIC CITY, N.J.—All the throughout American industry rest  Vancouver Turkish Baths, Pacifl*
tv.«  i„„i™„ t»-m** t**hn«,n   imports and  increase  its export's, elements   for. revolution   exist   ln  is revealed in U, S. department of      Bldg., 744 Hartings St. W.
me American rarmer is snown   __ ^^ & market for it8 manufac- England   in   case   the   miner- de-  agriculture   figures   on   wages   of  	
in an analysis of the new German   tured    pr0s(luct8    ln   the    united: "sands are refused, A. A. Purcell, common    labor    throughout    tha
BICYCLES
tariff by H.  L.  Deimel,  assistant states  lt  wants  to   perBuade   the British   fraternal  delegate  to  the country since   1916.    The  figures  HstrfefW Th.E^°IL.Tf b!«d!sl
chief,   division   of  foreign   tariffs, Unlted states to cut the high tar. 46th American Federation of La- show  how  wages  of  unorganized  Jn^issx t«mi.            ™wa»»Rwy«J»i
U.   S.   department   of   commerce. ia which now imposes a barrier. bor  convention,   told   The   Feder- labor are determined by supply and   i	
Deimel says "the change to be en- when the bargaining starts Ger- ated   Press   before   his   departure demand without reference to the               BOOTS AND SHOES
countered by our foodstuffs trades many*s   concessions   to   help   the for   Mexico.    But   whether   there needs of these workers and their  Arthur Frith & Co., 2818 Main Si]
with   Germany  will  consist  of  a American   farmer  find  a   market w111   De  revolution  depends  upon families.
number of increases over existing w,n    be   beL]mcei   by   American the  report   of  the   coal   commis-      The  average  rate  for  common
rates,   coupled   with   the   appllca- conces8i0ns which  will  bring  the sion- labor,   taking  the  country   as   a
tion   of   duties   to   many   articles Amerlcan factory worker  face to There   are   three   answers   the whole today, is 88 cents an hour.                           0\FE
which have been entering free of face wlth severe competition. The government commission may give This has been the yearly average  Etaiplre Cafe, 76 Hastings St
duty for ten years." ngW    Qerman    tariff    emphasizes the   miners'   union,   Purcell   sees, for the last 3 years although there                  CHIROPODIST
Germany   has   been   forced   to that. American   producers  on  the The worst is to ask for more time( has   been   considerable   variation tothY SOFFEE WITH SORB IBM
this tariff change by the repara- farmg   and   in   the   factories   owe The   second   is   a   partial   grant, from month to month as the sur-   WHannah Lund, 024 Birki Bldf.,
tions    payments.      The    German the   Dawes    plan   anything   but which would help for a while and plus looking for employment varied  •LB,t»n' ™urf' **•*•■**• by appoint
worker   must   consume   less   and gratitude                                               "—'•*  *— ~ "'-*      ■"•-* '- ~*~- "" "" J-™-     T-* ••"'  '—     y'
produce more.    Germany must secure an  export  surplus where at
present the  balance is the  other   WeSt Virginia Jury
way. The new tariff will force
German workers to consume home
products, reduce their consumption, or both.
The   duties   provided   for • rye,
wheat,  barley,   oats,  malt,   cattle,
Is Split On Frameup
(By Federated Press.)
FAIRMONT, W.Va.--A fresh incident   illustrating  the  taut  labor
would be a victory.    But in case up or down.    It means $3.04 for
the inquiry results in a flat re- an 8-hour day or $3.80 for a 10-
fusal,   PurceU   refuses  to   predict hour day.   Under the best possible
what may come. circumstances working 10 hours a
Underlying Causes ?ay every '&$ day ,n the yfar'
*   B the common laborer in the United
"There are all the elements for states cannot make j1(2oo.
revolution/' he replied to a direot Taking uncertainties of,employ-
question.    "On the one hand there ment into acount the average an-
BOOTS  (LOGGING)
H.. Harvey, *t Cordova St. W.
sheep   hogs   flour   sugar' molas-   situation,was the trial at Fairmont are   the   more   stable   unions   of nual earnings of unskilled workers,
sLakdTe'sh  meats  became  e -   of Milan Kerwasky. a union miner, rallwaymen   and   building   trades the real index of the condition of
meats   "tame  er ™.i«~    -~-t-n    ,.*.,*    maintained  the working class,'falls considerab-
CmROPRACTOR
Dr.  d.  a.  McMillan,   palmii
Graduate.     Open    _llj  and   •
ings.    Dawson  Blk.,   eor.  Hattinge
Main.    Phone Sey, 895-1.
KA_.___MO-WB____D.OTO_r
COAL
LESLIE  OOAL  OO'Y  Ltd.
Phone Sey. 7187
DENTIST
Dr.  W. J. Curry,  801  Dominion]
Bldg.
DRUGS
feotive   September   1,   and   most   He was cnar«ed by the operators ™ker>    who    have    m^mju u» «-»;"»k--™. ^con™*
other  duties  October  1,   although   with blowing up a railroad com- £**■» sfe\but wh° kn™ y "nder  *1'000'  Probably  under
certain reductions will be allowed   ^   »-idge   at  Wood's   Run   by   £*« «"> ?£** "^"T »' ^          t
until   July   31    1926     The   new  dynamiting.                                        theirs will follow.    There is the Wages  of  common  labor  vary 	
duties directly' affect' the market      After beinS °ut flve hours the ever-growing  army of  unemploy- wldeiy> touching a low of 25 cents Red  Star Drug, Store,  Cor.  Cor-
for this year's crops                        ■Jur*-/ fa»ed to agree, and were dis- ed- and of course the,miners will an hour in the south and a high of doya and Carrall.
The   importance    io   American   charged.      Prosecuting     Attorney ^e n° su<* den<al ot th*ir **' 62 cents on the Pacific coast. FLO-T-VB
farmers   appears   when   we   note   Ogden   charged  that  the   United       na8. The wartime demand for labor, Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd;, 48 Has-'
that   in    1924    Germany    bought   Mine Workers alone could be in-      T«e   semi-official   O.M.S.    (Or-# coupled with the operation of sun- tings St. B.
from  the United  States  308,541,-  terested in destroying the bridge,    ganization for the Maintenance of dry government wage boards aim-. ~	
000  lbs.  of  lard,   934,780,000   lbs.      Tne  miners   retort  that   many Supplies)   ls  really a second line ing to stabilize the labor market GLASS
company guards,   who had   been defense,. PurceU  believes,   due to by lip service to the living wage, GLAZING, SILVERING, BEVELLING
of wheat, barley and rye; 364,
800,000 lbs. of flour, and 125,
581,000 lbs. of dried fruit, to men
tion a few leading articles affect-
laid off, were all taken back after government   fear  that  the; army lifted the average wage of common W7B-STEBN  GLASS   CO.   LTD.,   Mi
the dynamiting.   Their past records and   -navy   won't   remain    loyal,  labor 145 per cent, above 1915. The v^odwd™. ^e^iUs*,"?! WhofeeSV* *
make them the most likely crimi- There was a terrific uproar when return to normalcy left unorgani?- retail window clau.
ed.   The new duttes on these four  nals-                                                    a cut ln Bay waB threatened for  ed   common   labor  a   commodity ~~
items alone would add about $20,-      Kerwasky will have to go to trial lower   deck   navy   men   and   the with rapidly diminishing demand. _._.,___ JF??!™S,._ oftM
000,000 to their cost to the Ger-  again.                                                    government  was   forced   to   baoH In 2 years the average wage fell B Grandvlew  H^L^todiert,
man people.                                             The Kerwasky case is* only one down.               ,b                               - 85 per cent. leal,   maternity.    1080  Vietoria'Bri'
These duties,  particularly those   of   hundreds   against   union   men          Britain More Democratic        -     Increases since  1922 have nnlv Hlgh- 1,T-.
on agricultural products, are also  during the past 18 months—rang-     The Brjtish "j^eg Union Con-  Partiaily   restored   the   wages   of LADIES WEAR
expected to serve as a basis for  ing from charges of murder and             ^^   ^                  demo_ common labor and the average ls Famous  Cloak  &  Suit  Co.,   II
bargaining.    The German govern-   assault to destruction of property.                                                                8tlH ____ per oent, below 192o.   The Hastings West,
ment in negotiating trade treaties  Hundreds more are expected. Up- cratic to_ Purcell than any organ- average  varleg  from **4  per cent Hudsons Bay Coy,,  Granville St,
will   offer   concessions   to  secure   to  the   present,   convictions  have Nation   he  has^ seen  in  America be,ow the      k in New E    ,   d t „™,,0 m™-«nrDOT«r,-_
lower duties on the articles which  been rare, and in many cases grand so far.     British  worn^i: workers 44  per  c(mt  be,ow  ,n          West a"™"™™™,
it  exports.    Germany   ^der   the Juries have refused to indict, re- are better organized than-Amer- North  Central                  similarly, street
garding the evidence as too flimsy. ^_-^S^°^^^^ with the average 90 per cent above Arthur Frith & Co.. 2813 Main I
1915,  we find  New  England  135   	
Negro Workers Affected QENERAL stbike
By Segregation Fights
serves.    Married  women  particu
larly  respond   to  unionization  in
per cent, above prewar while the
MEN'S SUITS
•TTW* m> Mm**  B"gland'    The. I",ners, a"d  **}? West North Central states average   C. D. Bruce Ltd., Homer and Hast.
ilJSO ur UniiiJS wives, many of. them in Puroell's ,„ „._,„„_ ,oW ,„ „„,„  .„ '       ~
for common labor ls only 40 per
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK.—Whether Negroes
have   the   right   to   defend   their
(Continued from Page 1)
parliamentary constituency,
in the Labor party together.
The British labor movement  is
cent above prewar.
As the election day neared, the looking to the colonies and do-
homes against white mob violence military dictators called out the minions of the British Empire
ls Involved in the case of Dr. O. H. troops and declared martial law, with more Interest than ever, ao-
Sweet and 10 other Detroit Negroes which remained until they had, as cording to Purcell. The Trades
whom Clarence Darrow has been they thought; counted Salas out Union Congress selected a corn-
engaged to defend by the National and Larraine ifli, as president of mittee to get more information
Association for the Advancement the "republic." about India and China, partlcu-
of Colored People. Arthur Gar- The Chilean labor unions de- larly their developing labor move-
field Hays, American Civil Liber- manded that the obviously fraud- ments. The donation of 8500
ties council from New Tork, a ulent election be annulled, and to which British labor sept to the
white Detroit attorney and a demonstrate their hostility to the Indian railway strikers is being
colored lawyer who handled the regime of imperialist puppets, used, after the strike ended, for
case from the beginning constitute tney called a 24-hour strike. organization, work, Purcell re-
the full defense staff. The Negroes u intensified as the day ad- ports. He repeatedly refers to
are charged with murder in con- vanced, all ordinary manual la- the Internationalism of capital,
nection with defending Dr. Sweet's bor refusing to begin their day's which produces more and more in
WEAR-
home from white mob violence.
In Denver, Colo., three "improvement associations" are circulating
petitions to have all property owners sign that they   will   not   sell
labor. Shortly past noo,n the hotel servants, the much despised
"crlados," "mozos," and all, walked out, leaving the tourists, North
American imperialist business
agents, and all else, to shift for
the country of cheapest labor.
property   to   Negroes.     Separate themselves, while the street cars
schools for Negroes and legal segregation   are   also   proposed.     On
MICHAEL VASSILYEVITCH
FRUNSE
(Continued from  page  1)
SHOES
They-are made of
first quality leathers on comfortable
good fitting lasts.
He   was   vice-chairman   of  the
Council
and busses were suddenly stopped
h*„*»„    T-i,„rt     m     v      «sm„«i and 8hops and stores closed tnelr only   military   decoration   in   the
Staten    Island,    N.    T.,    Samuel doorB ftt the orderfj of th(J unlong        '      ,-     *
Browne, a letter carrier, has been who made known th(J penaMy for  Soviet Republic,
repeatedly threatened with death If non-observance.      Street    clashes     He   was   vlee"
he does not sell his house. Backed wlth   the   military  have   brought  Revolutionary    Military
by the N.A.A.C.P. Browne is suing .numerous casualties.    But no ac-  from APr11. ,ast year- tlu hlB nom-     at ' „ ^aM       a.       -.
a white neighbor who has been in- curate    reports   of   the   number nation as chairman in January of    ** ail leading onoe MOreS.
dieted for participation in disorders wounded   or   killed   have   come tnls year-    He waSi however, vir-
at Browne's house.   Browne's wife through. tual commander of the Red Army
ls a public school teacher. a great crowd of 20,000 or more s,nce Trotsky's illness of eighteen
Such cases are Increasing, especi- gathered ln the public square. months ago. Lacking the roman-
ally in northern cities where there where speakers voiced the pent- tlc •*S,amor that attaches to Trot-
has been a steady heavy influx of Up discontent of the masses with sky's name, he had a better
Negro workers. Living conditions demands for annullment of the landing with the old guard in
of these Negro workers are often election, "vivas" for Salas, and tne Communist Party, having
frightful ln every way because of denunciation of the military for been a Bolshevik practically slnoe
the extreme crowding. Attempts to "delivering the country Into the the formation of the faction,
carry segregation  into the school hands of the money klfligs of Wall ~~ —   '
system accompany residential seg- Street.".   Great excitement  exists,      The  right  arm  of Labor  is a
rogation, as in Philadelphia, where which the military, as usual, an-  strong press.    Add power to this
For wark vr dress
J. LECKIE CO. Ill
ings Streets.
W.  B.  Brummitt,   18-20 Cordovl
Street.
■ ,  _
MUSIC
\ 7IOLINS  ADJUSTED,   VOICED,
V   paired, by expert.    WIU Idmiad
965 Rob-on  St.    Bey.  8084.
OPTICIAN
Pitman Optical House, 616 Hast*-J
Ings West. .
PAINT AND 8-PLY PAJTELS
Gregory   &   Reld,    117   Hasting^
Street East.	
RANGES AND STOVES
Canada Pride Range Co., 846 Ha
Ings Street Bast.
TOBACCOS
Mainland Cigar Store, 810 CarralJ
Street,	
TRUSSES
C. E. Heard, 959 Robson Street.
NONE  BUT WHITE  HEI
EMPLOYED
Limited
COAL
AND
WOOD
segregation ln both respects Is a nounces it will meet with martial  arm by subscribing to THE CAN-
fact, though npt legalized. law. ADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE.
Geo. McCuaig
AUOTIOM-BB and APPBAXSBB
Phont Bey. 1070
746 Biohardi Btreet. Vaneonver, B.O.
NONE  BUT WHITE
EMPLOYED p«   ■ I     ■■„■
JMday, November 6, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Page Three
=??F.
[French Communists Roumanian Government
Launch Labor Bank    Arrests More Peasants
German Labor Restive     Machinery On Farms
Under Coolie Slavery Displacing Workera
(By Federated Press)
PARIS—The    latest    in    labor
banks is the Workers and Peasants
■bank   founded   in   Paris   by   the
[French Communist party.    It has
capital   of   8,000,000   francs   (1
franc, 5c) and Ib to be used solely
lor  financing  labor  organizations
p,nd enterprises, "The Workers and
Peasants bank,"  says l'Humanlte,
Official Communist daily, "will rentier useful service in aiding labor
organizations,  co-operatives,  labor
fcemples  etc.,  to  bring about  the
Kommunist regime which will put
hr end to capitalist disorder and
anarchy/'"
"The word 'bank'," says Marcel
achin, Communist leader, "usually evokes the idea of super-exploitation, speculation, Indirect, theft;
and  the  use  made   by  capitalist
[rankers of the money entrusted td
them thoroughly justifies this evil
reputation."   He bases his plea for
support of the new labor bank on
an exposition  of the stranglehold
over enterprise which the control
it credit gives to the capitalists.
region Is Busy With
General Draft Plans
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON—The universal
iraft of the man-power and material resources and industrial organizations of the United States,
In time of inational emergency, ls
proposed in a bill which the American legion, through its nation-
111 legislative committee, announ-
lt will offer in congress in
eoember.
"The bill gives to the president
fie authority to take.the.necessary
ieps to stabilize prices of commod-
" the legion says. "It will draft
|to   the   service   of   the   United
ates all persons between the age
21 and 30 or such other limits
may be fixed, without exception
^"account of industrial occupation,
nd will proclaim the material re-
burces   and   industrial   organiza-
Ibns of the country under government control "during the period of
emergency."
KISHENEV, Bessarabia. —The
Bratianu government, which ls
now in power in Roumania defending the interests of the Roumanian Btiyars, not satisfied with
the peasant victims that it has qn
trial at Kishenev, has now arrested 82 more peasants, who are
arrested on one of the mpst peculiar charges that has ever been
used by any power to arrest individuals unfavorable to its viewpoint and methods.
The 82 peasants whom the court
wanted to arrest yet did not have
sufficient evidence to prove that
they were in the oountry- at the
time of the Tatarbounar uprising,
have been arrested upon the following charges.
1. In Kishenev manifestoes had
been distributed ih which the
population Is asked to protect the
accused on trial, ahd this manifesto could only have been written by the 82 peasants who are
now arrested.
2. The 82 accused did not have
sufficient means to maintain
themselves and had to depend'
upon others of doubtful reputations for maintenance.
3. The health of the accused
is endangered by diseases which
are spreading through Kishenev.
In the prison, the health of the
prisoners will be well taken oare
of. |
Dobrescu, chairman Qf the Roumanian lawyers, objected to these
arrests, as did the other lawyers
present. The court immediately
ordered the arrest of the accused
82, making no pretense of thorough deliberation.
NORWAY
At the end of 1923 the Norwegian National Federation of -Trade
Unions comprised 31 hational Unions and one local Union. The total membership of 85,699. At the
end of 1924 there were 29 national Unions ahd one local Trade Union, the number of branches was
1911 and the membership 92,769,
thus making an increase in membership of 7141 or 8.3 per cent.
In accordance with the decision of
the last Trade Union Congress the
Unions are being reorganized from
a craft to an Industrial basis. The
23 different Trade Union papers
published during the year had a
total circulation of 89,603.
INDIA
three persons have been killed
and many injured, including seventeen policemon, in a riot after a
religious procession in the village
of Uttungi, near Bellary. During
the procession two different factions of Llngayats clashed, with
British police intervening on bOhalf
of the attackers. Some 1,000 villagers then attacked the police
with stones and other missiles for
their brutal behavior. The police
replied with buckshot.
('AVE OF STRIKES
HITS AUSTRIA
pVIENNA— (F P)—A wave of
|rij_es involving 30,000 workers
as hit Austria. Most of the strikes are metal workers, but further
rlkes or lockout are anticipated,
lie ballot of the federal employees,
feio number $94,000, showed a
Icord vote and a majority of 92.-
l/o in favor of a strike. The hotel
[orkers and the food workers genially have started agitation for
[age increases.
Stay at tha
HOTEL STRATFORD
The Place Called Home
Oorner GORE AVE. and
KEEFER STREET
Phono Sey. «iai
r P. GIOVANDO, JOHN THA
200  Elegantly Furnished
Rooms.
\ 10 Rooms with Private Bath
Moderate Prices
FIRST-CLASS SERVICE
Police Create Panic
And Kill Fifty-four
LONDON. — Fifty-four persons
were killed and forty-three injured at Tanta, Egypt, where a great
religious fair was being held, attended by about- 1,000,000 persons, when mounted police created a panic in their attempt to
clear a passageway for the automobile of the minister of pious
foundations.
The natives, thinking that the
mounted police had come to
break up the religious demonstration, as is often the case, were
thrown into a panic. All ra*p for
the bridge which was nearby in
order to escape what they considered an attempt on the part of
the police to take tlieir lives.
The weight jf the thousands
that had rushed onto the bridge
caused the bridge to snap, throwing hundreds Into the water,
where many were drowned. Some
were trampled to death.
CZECHO-SLOVAKIA
The chairman of the CzechO-Slo-
vaklan workers' delegation to Soviet Russia, Gottlieb Kmeht, declared in an interview that the
j6iirney to the Soviet Union was
undertaken with a view' to bringing pressure to bear upon the
Czech government to recognize the
Soviet government de jure. .A further object of the delegation is to
establish a- united front of all
workers internationally.
FRANCE
* The agitation of the French
Communists against the imperialist war in Morocco has brought
severe reprisals from the government. 113 members of the Communist party have been sentenced
to 68 years imprisonment and fines
amounting to 38,400 francs so far.
(By Len De Caux)
(By Federated Press.)
BERLIN—That Geranin labor ls
not submitting to coolie conditions
without a protest' is indicated by
a survey of the labor field. There
is no dramatic mass protest to compare with the united front achieved by British labor, no national
strikes or threats of strikes, but if
we examine the situation Industry
by industry we find an Increasing
volume of local and sectional unrest. In Berlin the whole transportation system may be tied up if
die wage demands of the transport workers are not granted, ahd
the gas, water and electricity workers are threatening action if their
demand for. a 2%c an hour raise
is not granted.
In the mining industry in lower
Silesia the employers have given
notice to 31,000 miners, in an attempt to sabotage the arbitration
award of a 7 per cent, raise ln
wages. The miners of the Ruhr,
who Were refused a raise so as not
to interfere with Chancellor Luther's attempts to lower prices,
haVe renewed their demand for a
15 per cent, raise. Recently Central Germany registered a threat
to take action against an award
which legalizes the 12-hour day.
Disputes in other industries include the lockout of 80,000 glass
workers in Bradenburg and Silesia
a lockout of 10,000 building workers threatened in Westphalia, and
a lockout of metal workers in
Hohenlimburg. Serious discontent
is felt among the longshoremen
who have been compelled to submit to the 64-hour week; and on
the railroads the union is renewing
its wage demands as the advertised
reduction ln living costs has not
taken place,
Unemployment in Germany is oh
the increase. The number of registered unemployed, in receipt of
relief is now 251,000,
Labor saving machinery has
been displacing farm workers at
a rapid rate in the last generation. A study of power on farms
by C. D. Kinsman, agricultural
engineer attached to the U. S. department of agricultural, shows
that about 19,000,000 more workers would be required on the
present farms if only the tool
power of 1850 were available.
These millions have been turned
into the great pool of undifferentiated labor from which the
employing class draws Its working
forces.
Agriculture in the United States
now uses practically as much primary power as all manufacturing
and central station plants combined. KihSman estimates the amount of power used annually on
farms' as close to 16,000,000,000
horse power hours. The cost of
this power under 1924 conditions
is about $3,000,000,000.
RUSSIA
The people's commissariat of labor and national inspection issued
a new decree fixing the working
day for all servants of menial Work
in the state offices at six and a
half hours a day with an internal
of half an hour for dinner.
Bishops Table Request
To Decry "Radicalism"
NEW ORLEANS;—Bishops of
the general convention of the
Protestant Episcopal church, refused to consider a petition signed by 169 persons in 22 dioceses
asking that the convention take
action against the spreading of
radicalism in the church. The petition called for specific action
against the league for Industrial
democracy, formerly the intercollegiate socialist league, the American civil liberties union,' the fellowship of reconciliation and the
fellowship of youth for peace.
JAPAN _.
Formation of a strong clerical
party that would participate in the
coming elections at which more
than 9,000,000 ne>w voters will ballot, ls reported to be supported by
priests of the Nlchiren sect, a militant Buddhist group.
DENMARK
So pressing is the problem of
unemployment in Danish cities that
the combined municipalities have
applied to New York banking interests for a loan to allow public
works to relieve the jobless.
Rail Telegraphers In
Fight For Wage Raise
WASHINGTON —Reports received by rail labor officials in
Washington from division points
along the Atlantic Coast Line indicate (hat the strike, of the 1,200
members of the Order of Railroad Telegraphers on that road,
begun Oct. 19, is effective. From
Richmond to the tip of Florida
traffic has been crippled.
The issue is a demand made by
the men last February for an increase in wages of 7 cents an
hour, together with a two weeks'
annual vacation with pay. The
U. S. rail labor board rejected
both demands, and then tried to
avert the strike by an inquiry into possible adjustment of individual wage inequalities. This inquiry has now beefli abandoned.
The Atlantic Coast Line Is advertising for agents, telegraph operators and signal towermen to take
"permanent positions."
Scab Herder Candidate
For Mayor of New York
(By Federated Press)
NEW YORK—The longshoremen's chapter ln the strikebreaking record of Frank D. Waterman,
millionaire fountain pen candidate
of the Republicans, came to light
in the closing days of the New
York mayoralty campaign. The
facts, set forth by Norman Thomas,
Socialist Party nominee, show that
soon after Waterman broke a
strike of pen grinders and rubber
turners in his own factory he went
further'afield and served with the
businessmen's war on the coastwise longshoremen's strike of 1920.
Waterman tells of the Merchant's Association's sucess against
the dockers in a selling letter asking a business man to unite with
them. The letter, which has fallen into the hands of Thomas, says
in part:
"The trades and industries look
to the Association to take leadership in Important matters, because
lt has demonstrated he results it
can achieve for the common good.
The defeat of the so-called $200,-
000,000 'Ramapo Grab,' the breaking of the longshoremen's strike,
which had tied up the commerce of
the port of New York, and the defeat of radical state and federal
legislation unfair and harmful to
business * Interests, are notable instances."
BRITAIN
500,000 tons of Russian grain
have been ordered by the Anglo-
Russian Exportation Co., on behalf
of the British Co-operative Wholesale society. 100 ships from London will transport the grain.
Fnsh Chrt Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot
Plants, Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs,
Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
8—STORES—8
Hartlnn St. Bart, Sey. 888-672    68S Oraaville Btreet   Sey. 1618-1811
151 Haetihfe Street Weit Sey. 1870
"BAT IT WITH FLOW-US"
MOSCOW.—Five hundred thousand tons of Russian grain have
been ordered by the Anglo-Russian Exportation Co. on behalf of
the British Co-operative Wholesale society. One hundred ships
from London will transport the
grai*n.
Send In Your Subscription Today.
Beigian Miners May
Strike For Pay Raise
BRUSSELS.—The Belgian coal
miners threaten a general strike
next Monday if the government
does not grant by that time the
demand lt has so far refused—a
wage raise of only five per cent,
to cover the far greater increase
in the cost of living.
The government gives the same
excuse that is given by all mine
operators in all countries—foreign
competition. It proposes to buy
50,000 tons a month of Belgium
coal for the state railways as a
relief measure, as heretofore the
railways have been using reparations coal provided by the German miners enslaved under the
Dawes plan.
Jewelers Offer Gunmen
$1,000 For Each Murder
(By Federated Press.y
CHICAGO—It will net you $1,-
000 to choke or club or shoot a
man to death but only $260 lf
you Inform the police and he is
convicted under circumstances
that are laid down by the Chicago Jewelers' Association. The
jewelers will "pay the sum of
$1,000 in cash to any peace officer or to any employee or agent
of any jeweler in Cook county,
111., who shall kill any person
robbing or attempting to rob said
Jeweler, provided however, that
such killing shall be necessary
and justified under the laws of
the state a^id take place while
said peace officer or employee or
agent of said jeweler is resisting
the robbery of said Jeweler's store
or stock of merchandise or effecting the arrest of such robber
or is attempting to prevent the
escape of such robber.
"A cash reward of $250 will be
paid for information leading to
the arrest and conviction of anyone participating ln a robbery
with a gun, or attempted robbery
with a gun of any regular established Jeweler in Cook  county." page Four
THIS CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Friday, Nbvetab'er'' 6;; 1-935
OPEN FORUM
fedlkrUd T^ft^e
QUESTION BOX
Address  All  Letters   and
Remittances to the Editor
H\\t (Eanafctan ffiafoir Afctmrafr
1129 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C. Phone Sey. 2132
$2 A YEAR
$1 SIX MONTHS
:: Capitalism's ::
Weekly Pageant
\VT 3. BLACK, director of colon-
'ization and agriculture for tlie
C. N. R., i. e. for' the Canadian
government, lms arrived back in
Canada witli the tidings that the
big crops on the prairies tliis year
is going to ensure a large influx
of immigrants next year. Apparently this Black gentleman while
in Britain failed to mention that
prairie farmers consider themselves
lucky if they get one good crop in
every three. But Black gets paid
for failing to mention essentials. If
he did lie would soon be hunting
another boss. However, to compensate for this lie tells us that
added interest is being taken In
tlie correspondence courses that
are being conducted In Britain on
Canadian farming. Presumably
this will include such vital topics
as "How to pay off the mortgage,"
and "How to avoid being fleeced by
the implement companies,"
A N Ontario magistrate is reported
to have burned with righteous
indignation when tlie allegation
was brought to hfs attention that
Armenians, residing in Canada,
bought and sold tlieir women folk.
What truth nniy bc in the tale we
know not, but there is no greater
need to got wrnthy over the matter than there is at a system where
women sell themselves to marriage
every day to the highest bidder, in
order to "get someone to support*
them". What useful social function does tlio wife of the "upper
classes" perform? How does lt
happen that  when n rich woman
marries her chauffeur the event
is heralded across tlie country in
the front page of our daily papers?
* *    *
r\R. MIRIAM VAN WATERS has
taken the stump in favor of
modernizing heaven. The lady has
serious objections to the antiquated
harp, and proposes supplying Peter
or whoever looks after the musical
arrangement.., with a consignment
of brand new saxophones, and
changing the celestial tunes from
thnt of the 100th Psalm to th/ lato-
cst selection of Ameriean jazz. This
should serve to show whati can be
done by an enterprising Yankee
when she gets busy on the job.
However, the estimable lady had
bettpr wait a little. Perhaps her
peregrinations may lead in the opposite direction.
* *    *
A FEW DAYS AGO we read a
press dispatch to the effect
that the American people were becoming * more law abiding. Now
comes tlie tidings that in New York
City the streets are going to bc
patrolled with arnioured cars
"equipped as fighting arsenals,
with radio sets, machine guns, tear
bombs, nnd rifles". Tills should
be a good indication that pence
reigns supreme. Of course if those
cursed reds got control crime would
be rampant, and law and order
disappear.
■Whenever the offence inspires
less horror than the punishment
the rigor of penal law is obliged
to give way to the common feelings
of mankind.—Gibbon.
This is what industrialism (Capitalism) has done to our mechanics; it has made them parts of
some machine, instead of ingenious
handy   men.—Dean   Inge.
Peace and.:friendship with all
mankind is our wisest policy, and
I wish we may be permitted to
pursue It.—Thqmas Jefferson.
The Witch Dance on High Olympus
yANCOUVEK'S EEPUTATION for sanity is about to be
shattered. The Exalted Order of American Morons—
the Ku Klux Klan—are establishing a "Kanadian" headquarters here, and loeal wiseacres, of the asinine genii, wearing such euphonious titles as Grand Kleagle, Imperial Klazik,
or Exalted Cyclop, will be afforded an opportunity of raising
the cultural level of the "submerged tenth" by perambulating the streets, their dropsical carcasses encased in a nightgown and their beetling brows in a diaper.
The glamor of feudalistic titles has not yet passed away.
It still bedevils the minds of ten-year-old boys, and their intellectual compatriots, who have grown only in years and
stature, as can be evidenced by the avalanche of gibberish
emanating from 1690 Matthews Avenue, and reproduced on
the front page of this paper. Had that cenotaph to imbecility
been written by an adventurous-minded schoolboy he would
have died before admitting the authorship, but this gang of
mountebanks, who shout about the "love of Christ" and
"White Supremacy," send out their mental vomit with all
the solemnity of an appeal court judge.
In passing, it may be noted that this idiotic cackle comes
from that seat of exemplary wisdom—Shanghnessy Heights.
None but the denizens of that High Olympus could sink to
such depths of mental incompetence. Certainly no working
man could afford to take such chances with his reputation for
sanity. However, in spite of this libel on the moron family,
the daily press will doubtless still have the effrontery to hold
these addleheads up to public gaze as paragons of profundity.
Not content with exposing their own moonstruck condition, they pounce upon their anthropomorphic god, drag him
into the mess, and proceed to serenade hinr'for having made
them imbeciles. It would be small wonder if our guardians of
public rectitude got "hot under the collar ".when they read
the following gem from the "Proclamation" of the "Hooded
Kleagles":
"We, the order of the Kanadian Knights of the Ku Klux
Klan, most humbly and reverently acknowledge the majesty
and supremacy of Almighty God, and do acknowledge His
goodness and graciousness through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Conscious of the glorious heritages which have come-down
through the ages to us who are of the Anglo-Saxon race, and
appreciative of the proud positions we hold among the nations
of the world through the right which has been obtained jor
our noble land by the blood of her people, the unquestioned
freedom and supremacy which fought and conquered."
It certainly is marvelous to think on the "Divine Plan"
developing through countless eons for the sole purpose of
hatching out this Anglo-Saxon menagerie on Shaughnessy
Heights.
But spirit-rappers, and other dealers in "spooks" and
necromancy, b-etter look to their laurels. They are faced with
a new and formidable foe, who threatens to completely exterminate the ordinary sorcerer. Here is another scintillating
jewel, unearthed on Shaughnessy Heights during the "Weird
Week":
"I am a searchlight on a lofty tower. I run my relentless
eye to and fro throughout the land; my piercing glance penetrates thc brooding places of iniquity. I plant mine ears in
the whispering corridors of crime. Wherever men furtively
gather together, there am I, an austere and Invisible presence.   I am the Eecording Angel's Proxy."
Verily, Gabriel's helper appears to have been imbibing a
particularly vile brand of "squirrel whisky." There is no
blend produced in the hills and dales of Scotland capable of
producing such fork-tailed visions.
It is most fortunate, indeed, that the Provincial Legislature is now in session. The House will be able to vote the
necessary money for enlarging the mental hospital at Esson-
dale, and thus we may yet be deluged with "Work and Prosperity" from an unexpected quarter. Not only will additional
buildings be required for housing Gabriel's aides, but an extra
guard will be required to herd them.
The only sign of sanity, visible to the naked eye, in the
entire proceedings is the news that all applications to join
must be accompanied by a ten-dollar bill.
(By LELAND OLDS.)
TF you pick the right ones, control of 1,000 corporations means
control of just about half of the
country's corporate profits. Yet
these 1,000 are about % of 1% of
the total corporation reporting to
the commissioner of internal revenue in 1923. This is the story
of concentrated profiteering by the
big trusts, told by figures in Statistics of Income for 1923 issued
by the commissioner.
The figures show a group of 168
corporations with combined net income, after all possible deductions
to escape the tax, of $2,294,954,330.
The entire 398,933 corporations reporting showed a total of $8,321,-
529,134. Thus less than l|20th of
1% of all the corporations took
27y3% of all the profits.
The 1,026 largest corporations representing 14 of 1% of the total
number took $3,990,671,042 in profits or 48% of the total. And 2,115
corporations or just over % of 1%
of the total number took $4,743,-
524,129 or ever 57% of all the
profits.
If we include the upper 1% of all
the corporations we are dealing
with about-two thirds of the total
profits. With some 400,000 corporations the country is turning
over the bulk of its profits to about
4,000 of the total number.
The concentration of profits dTf-
fers in the industries. In agriculture and related industries 1 out
of every 9,360 corporations listed
got $38,735,391 or 42% of the $92,-
201,206 jirofits reported and 4 corporations got $46,101,431 or an
even half of the total. In mining
and quarrying 199 out of 18,509
corporations got $197,296,828 or
about 70% of the $283,66',648 combined profits. In the transportation and public utility group 45
out of 21,118 corporations got
$706,835,314 or 56% of the total
$1,257,409,896, while 177 or less
than 1% got $978,687,276 or 78%
of the total.
Among the 85,199 manufacturing corporations 98 received $1,-
354,733,166 or about 32% of the
$4,271,899,449 total while 598 get
$2,324,860,70'of about. 55% of the
total. In the manufacturing of
food products less than 1% of the
corporations got 66y%% or two
thirds of all the profits. In strikes
and their products 1.7% of all the
corporations got 56% of the profits.
In rubber products 2% of the corporations got 74% of the profits. In
chemicals and oils 1% of the corporations got 67% of the profits.
ductive workers must put in fron
one to two years to qualify.
The  department  found  that  11
plants which had adopted vacatiojj
policies for production workers ha
had   abandoned   them   either   be
cause profits were too small or bs
cause the plant had been unionize
and the employer thought workeij
who demanded overtime pay wel
not entitled to vacations or becausl
the employer thought the employee]
did not apreciate the privilege.
On the other hand those empoiy
ers who expressed satisfaction witlj
vacation policies said that vaca
tions reduce labor turnover, lessen
absenteeism, make employees mor1
c mtertted or Increase co-operatio_|
and production.
RUSSIAN  NEWSPAPERS  GROT
MOSCOW.—Newspaper    circuls
tion  in   Russia  shows  a  marked
increase. Total circulation is ove\
2,000,000 copies.    Isvestia, officia
soviet  government daily,  has  th
widest circulation,  500,000  copies]
Pravda,   Communist   party   dailyl
comes a close •seco.nd  with  420,1
000.     There  are   500   periodical^
430  in  Russian  and  70  in  othe|
languages.
UNION DIRECTORY
(By Leland Olds)
NOW that the vacation season is
about over, how about yours?
Have you had your twoo weeks
weeks fishing trip—with pay? The
New York state department of labor figures the chances are 9 to
lthat you had your vacation with
pay if you are an .office worker but
6 to 1 that you didn't if you engaged in actually producing the
goods.
Out of 1,500 plants Investigated
the department found 1,360 or 91
% with vacation policies for office
workers, 1,021 or 68% with vacation policies for foremen but only
270 or 18% with such policies for
their productive workers. Where a
majority of the office workers receive two weeks vacation the productive workers receive only one
week. And where a large proportion of the office workers qualify
for vacations after 6 months, pro-
ALLIED PRINTINO TBADES COUNOI.
—MeeU second Mondiy in th* mont!
President, J. R. Whito; Morotsry, R. "
Neelanda.    P. O. Boi S6,	
FEDERATED LABOR PARTY—Rool
111, 118 Pondor St. Woit. Builnss]
mooting! lit snd 3rd Wsdnesday ovoj
ingi, R. H. Neilandi, Chairman; X. B
Morriion, • Soo.-Traai.; Angus MaoInnH
8644 Prinoo Edward Stroot, Vanoouvfl
B.C., Gorraspondlng Soorotsry,
Any district in British Columbia 41
string information ro itourlng speaker
or tho formation of local branohos, kla
It eommunioato with Provlnolal Bool
tary J. Lylo Tolford, 634 Birki Bid]
Vancouvor,    B.O.    Tolophon*    SoymoT
1888, or Bayvlow 6620.	
BAKERY    SALESMEN,    LOOAL    Sfl-
Mooti  iooond  Thuraday  svsry  moi'
In Holdon Building. Proiidont, J. Bri!
woll;   financial   socretary,   H.   A   Bo|
ron, 781 18th Ato. Eait.	
CIVIC   EMPLOYEES'   UNION,   LOOA
28—Meets first and third Fridays J
tho month at 146 Bastings W., at J
p.m. President, R. K. Brown, 25
Charles   St.;  secretary-treaanrsr,   Oool|
Harmon,   1182 Parker St.       Jm
ENGINEERS —TUE    INTERNATIONA
UNION OP  STEAM AND OPERATIF
—Local   112—Moots   ovory   Wodnosd
at 8 p.m., Room 80S, Holdon  BuildM
Prosidont, Charlss Prloo; businoss ago]
and finanoial sserstary, P. L. Hut;
cording socrotary, J. T. Vang,
MUSICIANS'    MUTUAL   PROTECT:
UNION, Looal 145, A P. of M
Meots in O.W.Y.A. Hall, Soymonr
Pondor Streets, seoond Sunday at
a.m. Presidont, E. O. Miller, 091 M
son streot; secrotary, E. A. Jsmlsi
S01 Nolson street; finanoial Moral
W. E. Williams, ttl Nslson atroot;
(.anlssr, P. Fletcher. Ml Nolson stri
THE   PED ERATED   8EAPARE1
UNION OP CANADA—Headquart
at Rooms C, 8 and T, Flaok Baildil
188 Hastings Strsst W„ Vansouvsr. BJ
Tsl. Ssy. 8601. Prssldsnt, Robsrt The*
Vloo-Presldsnt, David Olllsspla; Baal
Trsasnrsr, Wm. H. Donaldson. Vletes
Branch, Room 11, Orosn Blook, Br~
Btroot, Vlotoria, B.O. Phona 1*06.
TYPOORAPHIOAL   UNION,   No.   188
Prssldont, R. P. Pottlplooo; vias-prij
ident, O, P. Campbell; sserstary-•>
uror, R. H. Noslands, P.O. Baz
Meots last Sunday of oaoh month at]
p.m. In Holdon Building, 16 Hastings f
PRINOE    RUPERT    TYPOGRAPHIC*!
UNION    No.   418—Presidont,    B.
Macdonald;    sserstary-troasuror,    J.    _
Campbell,   P.O.   Box   688.     Moota   1|
Thursday of oach month.
THE   CANADIAN
ffiabor Afcttoratj
With Which Is Incorporated
THE  BBITISH COLUMBIA  FEDEB
       TIONIST	
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY
By the Labor Publishing Oo.
Business and. Editorial Of ties
 1129 Howe Bt.
Tho Canadian Labor Advocate is a nd
factional weekly newspaper, giving nej
of the farmer-labor movement In aetllf
Subscription  Rates:   United   States  af
foreign,   $2.60 per  year;. Canada,
per year, $1 for six months; to unit*
subscribing in a body, 16o per mea
ber per month.
Member Tho Federated Press and
Britiih Labor Preis lidayy November*6, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Page Rve
)ur Open Forum
Lessons from the Election
dors of The Labor Advocate ste
flted to send in letters for publica-
_ itf our "Opon Forum."    This is
'free for all."    No communications
be censored so long as writer!
ain  from  indulging  la  personali-
Lotters should not exceed  260
■rds.   The management of The Ad-
ate  assumes  no  responsibility  for
lions expressed in this space.
(By W. J. Curry)
must have workers, and the "Stn-
rT_- conspiracy on the part of ews  °f  War"  necessary  for  tbis
the capitalist press, and noli- wo^k•
_*,-, ,., It is safe to say that over 95 per-
ticians regarding Labor candidates oent o( QUr population earn theJr
in the late election is a tactical ad- uVlng through ,abor and u ^ &]&Q
mission that the arguments of La-  true that the bu]k of the_e work.
ntor Labor Advocate:
'vs a pioneer in the Labor move
ers have never read a Labor paper,
or heard an intelligent discussion
bor cannot be met by those representing the rulers of Canada.
For instance, Tuesday's "Prov- 0tthe great problems of life, which
luce" stated tbat the standing of 0ur philosophy Includes,
t of the Pacific Coast, may I NorUi Shore Candidates gave Hon- 0ur polltical oampaign" shoula
e a few lines in your paper to aghy 4226, and Morden 3611. No be perpetual from this time on>
Se, what I for one consider, a reference was made to the Labor The municlpal contest has begun,
- important suggestion to our  candidates, who polled 1350 votes,  The polltloal .confUBi(ni at Ottawa
Jld-be Labor members of par
aent, of the "Co-operative Com
[nwealth," "Industrial Republic,'
'Soviet Republic" variety.
will  mean  a short,  and troubled
or over one-sixth of those cast.
The North Shore candidate held  career for whichever wing of cap-
8 meetings, and undertook the task  italism holds the reins. Hard times
but a month before election day.  and local issues will probably bring
here is, to my mind, too strong  Hls  whole  oampaign  £und  wouid  a provlnoiai election next year, so
tendency on the part of these  not have paid one day,s phot0gra.  we must aI1 get buBy_
Kdidates to confuse the ultimate     hi    or prosperity display seen ir.      yp to  the nresent this contin-
th the immediate, in their desire  th. Ppovin„a  nr thB Sun  and oaid        P Present this contin-
**** tu* tir,*i *nli n*taMi«v,nA_ <„ the Province« °r tne Sun* anQ Pala ent has been a land of promise
see the final goal established in £or b the corporatlons represented and of comDaratlve DrosDeritv It
s country in their life-time. Now bv thes. newaDaDBrs and D0ilti. , ° comparative prosperity. It
11. not for a minute doubting   *? newsPaPers  and   »°m   Is populated mainly by men who
- - -- wans. - broke away from the shackles of
Vote Seducing the Old World, and these men pos-
On Tuesday an employee of the  sess the individualistic spirit to an
Capilano Timber Co., told me that  exceptional  degree,  and  this fact
around   the   bunk-houses   on   the millitates against our Labor move-
29th, free whiskey, and free rides  ment.
lem  to   find  among  those  who  to the Polu was the oraer of the The Co-operatives
mprise their audiences a desire day> and wor<i carae last week from The great co.operatives, the miliar something here and now, a Britannia, that the miners up there tant arms of lndUstrial, and poli-
fidge of some sort to cross over were being regailed with "eats," t[cai acti0n so prominent in Europe
from the hell that we are in and "smokes" as means of seducing votes for the Liberal Party.
Our Labor candidates, hot be-
fesent government, for instance, ing professional politicians do not ves of industry and commerce, we,
(here they are allowing agents to use these methods. We know there of Canada are an inseparable part
orsuade  people  in  thousands  to  is no short cut to peace and pros-  of the social organism.    The fin-
perity   through   tariff   walls,   and  ancial, and industrial crisis now be-
freight  rates.    The  candidate  for  ginning will be felt here as else-
leir sincerity, and fully endorsing
[eir ultimate object' (which after
is only the "universal brother-
pod of man," that all the dream-
of all the ages have more or
bs dreamed of and advocated) I
f the heaven we are after.
lThe immigration  policy  of the
are here absent, and yet through
the bonds of international capitalism, through the arteries and ner-
bme to Canada to share the un-
barable poverty of the unemploy
ed or only partially- employed, who   North    Vancouver,*   through    his where.
Canada  must find  markets for
are based on "cash to buy," at a
profit to the owning, and exploit
ive already here.    They are guar-   Manifesto  laid  bare  the  facts of
nteeing   these   new   comers   six   the  great  class  struggle   between  the   products   of  Labor,   and   yet
^onths work at once to get them   exploited, and exploiter, the cause   markets today do not mean needs,
and   only  remedy  for   unemploy- *the  power  to  oon8Ume|  but they
ment, and poverty amidst plenty,
Ky, and yet those who are here and  and the facts regarding the world-
Tin speak (he language are being  wide revolt against oppression, and   ed class_
It  out  to  make  room  for  these   suffering  which  now   haunts  the
lew Canadians".   , < world's rulers with the fears that
i!Io the man or woman with a they may, ere long, meet the same
Jteady • job," or an "assured ln- fate which befell the despots of
pme," the Co-operative Common-   czarist Russia.
The Manifesto
balth may be a beautiful picture
dream about, but to a man or
In the constituency of Vancouver
Advocate were distributed through
the mail.   These contained the La-
What provision, have we for the
impending crisis, what power even
to secure a dole for the armies of
unemployed which our cities will
contain this winter? These are
serious problems.
The Future
Will we have, as Jack Lcndon
predicted, the Iron Heel of a ruthless plutocracy for generations on
the neck of prostrate labor, or will
iling under the brave flag of the  j„^" swinton pnee editor "of" the the workers of this continenttnrow
liL. P., that fortified positions are   „New york ,nmea„_    This _howed  off their sluggishness, andi a sys-
fever shattered with air bubbles. that jom.nalists are but the "jump- tem whioh has already outlived lts
In conclusion, if the C. L, P. fails jacks„ of rich men behind the historic mission, and which must
j take  notice of this suggestion scenes> they ftre intelleotual pros. be replaced by production for use,
iiother Labor party, with a defin- u         „ and u  ^      Ue  probable and the rule of the workers, if we
,e constructive policy, will be in thftt thU manl£est0  spoiled  some are to avert social disaster?
tie field to, take its place, and car- bftl,otg tol. Labor) but atter all sup. The Labor Movement is indeed
all before it, before next elec- port based upon underBtanding can backward here, but this is also the
ion.    The C. L. P. must declare alone give permanent strength to land o£ sudden changes, and rapid
toman out of work and funds the   Nonh  4BU0  coples  ot-  the  i^bor
Toposition is one of "coffee ans,"
its equivalent.
,1, therefore, earnestly suggest to   b0*  ^ani£est0 in which was pub-
lur Labor organizations, who are   ,ished   the  ),amous  contession  oi
Eself on Canada's Immigration pol
cy, etc., or cease to function in the
Political arena.
Sincerely,
J. N. BOULT.
the Labor movement.
The Franchise
We must remember that parliamentary action has its limitations.
motions.   Abundance of machinery
for the production of all the comforts,  and  luxuries of life is  al
ready here, and is being operated
by  the  hand  of  labor,  only  fhe
Polish Prisons Kept
.  In Filthy Condition
The machinery of democracy has change   . 0WnerBhlp from the IdIe
been granted to the masses, not in para8ltic^ciaBS   to   the   producing
the interests of freedom, but rather ola_a ,s essentiali t0 bring prospef.
to perpetuate the enslavement of ity and happIne8s t0 all.
the working class, through false is-	
sues, and sham battles so conspic
WARSAW.—In connection with   uou_ durJng the ,ast £ew weeks nf  j0j.g gcarce an(J pfty
_-*.      tmnivAM      «-_■**><_ !_•___      it.*?      nnllHml •*■*
lie   hunger   strike    of   political  the ^mp^g,,
Irlsoners going on in the Prison
If the Holy Cross, the Polish sec-
The   franchise  was  granted   by
the  exploiting  class,  and  by this
Poor in New Zealand
lon International  Red Aid  com-  class ,t8 power may be annulled aa
jiunicates almost  incredible  particulars    concerning    the    prison
bglme. i
When   questioned   about  condl-
(By Federated Press)
it was in Italy, and other parts of WELLINGTON,  New Zealand-
Europe,   when  it  threatened  the Throughout New Zealand there is
rights of the rulers. discontent among the wage work-
in the great majority of polling ers,   organized   and   unorganized,
ons   in   the   prison,   the   prison  booths we had no aorutlneerS| the This is due to bad conditions of
_.iyS_.°,i_l_!^_.f__7_"              6           old parties have them because they employment and low wages.    The
do not trust, one another, and who minimum wage, just increased by
can  say  their agents  are  always 2  cents  per hour, now ls $19.36,
fair ln their handling of working- $20.24, and $21.12 for a 44, 46, and
flowing statement:
"In the prison 60 per cent, of
lie prisoners are tuberculous,  30
rortha7pa1ieen£ ont',"STS  fss  ballot,  or that postmasters 48-hour week.
lilk are ordered.    The prisoners have Pron>Pt|y> and honestly clr- Recently the New Zealand Alli-
culated   Labor   literature    which ance of Labor demanded a higher
would be antagonistic to the feder- basic  wage,   but  the   government
re  doomed   to   certatyi   destruc-
The following description of the al   government   which   furnishes refused  to  apoint  a  commission,
[•rison of the Holy Cross was re- tnese i°ba1
|ently published In the bourgeois
Warsaw Courier
contending that a higher basic
wage was not workable. Since arbitration seems to have failed them
Wbat We Lack
This campaign has shown us how
"Even birds do not stop there. lacklng we are tn men, and money the New Zealand workers are de-
ne can see around the prison neCeB8ary for this work, and in votlng more attentlon t0 organize.-
othing but black crows." comparison with what our oppon- tIon on industrial lines.
ents possess, and no matter how
Say you saw it advertised in the fertile ls the soil, or how irresist-      Pass this copy to your shopmate
lUEAL
MONEY
SAVERS
Greb Work Boot, tan or black,
with   or  without   toecap,   $4.95
Men's 5-Eyelet Lace Gum Boots,
per pair  $3,96
Children's Knee Gum Boots, sises
5  to 10%     $1.96
Men's first quality Rubbers $1.16
Viking Underwear for Hen—Two
piece or combination suit $6.50
Men's Irish Serge Pants, S pockets, belt loops, cuff bottom;
special    $2.95
Flannelette Blankets, white or
grey, 52x72 $1.90, 64x74 $2.26
72x86  $2.76
Arthur Frith & Co.
If en's   snd   Boys'   Furnishings,
Hats, Boots and Shoes
2313 MAIN STREET
Between   7th   and   8th   Avenues
Phone Fair. 14
H. NEIL
Hand Made Loggers' and
Seamen's Roots
136 LONSDALE AVENUE
NOBTH VANOOUVBB     Phone 1181
AUTOMOBILES
We Have Some Good Buys in
GUARANTEED   USED   OABS   *?■?
Cash   Payments  Aa  Low As  *ft***
PATTISON MOTORS Ltd.
Phone Sey. 7405      -138 6 GranvUle St.
Ssy. 486 32 Hastlnga St. B.
The Electric Shop Ltd.
RADIO AND
ELECTRICAL SUPPLIES
Sey. 6789 414 Bastings St W.
Bird, Bird & Lefeaux
BARRISTERS,  SOLICITORS, BTO.
401-408 Metropolitan Bulldlnf
837 Hastlnga St. W., Vancouver, B.O.
Telephones: Seymonr 8866 sad 6667
Emergencies
YT7HBN a crisis comes and
someone at a distance
must be reached quickly,
the long-distance telephone
will prove Its worth.
B. 0. Telephone Oompany
Vancouver Turkish Baths
Will  Ours  Tour  Rheumatism,   Lumbago, Neuritis or Bad Oold
MASSAGE  A   SPECIALTY
PACIFIC HCILDING
744 Hastings St. W. Phone Sey. 8070
RUPTURE
Specialist la Trusses for Men, Women,
Ohildren snd Infants
C. E. HEARD
Phons Sey. 3810
968 Bobion Street, Vaneonver, B.O.
28  Years  Established  ln  Vancouver
Is There Any Painless Dentistry?
Dr. W. J. CURRY, Dentist
OFFICE: 301 DOMINION BUILDING,
Phone Sey. 2354 for Appointment
T CAN remember when chloroform, ether and gas were the sole
agents used to reduce the misery attending dental operations.
About ten years ago NOVOCAIN waa Introduced, and it la oafe to say
that this is one of the greatest boons to humanity yet discovered, ana
makes Dentistry almost a pleasure. It is a great thing to say truthfully:
"These extractions, fillings, or removing this nerve, will not hurt."
With the use of Novocain, work can bo done thoroughly, time ia oared,
and the cost is less than before.
GLASSES
$5
COMPLETE
AUR eye examination is as "
^ perfect as skill, scientific
instruments and years of ex-
1                   perience can devise.
Bird Eye Service
(UPSTAIRS)
205 SERVICE BLDO.
RODSON at ORANVILLE
Entrance 680 Robson St.
Phone Sey. 8855
"Advocate".
able are the facts we present, we  and get him to subscribe.
Here We Are Again
This time with Weatheral Coats, 45 inches
long, belted; grey and fawn  $10.00
Mackfjnaw Coats   $6.95
Men's Heavy Tweed Pants;
pair    $1.95
Khaki Coveralls , $2.95
Stanfield's Underwear, heavy;
at   $1.75
Dlue  Rib-Overalls    $1.45
Men's Overcoats  from $12.00
Khaki Pants   $1.65
Carss' Henvy Tweed Pants;
pair     $6.75
Suits up from  $15.00
W. B. BRUMMITT
18-20 OORDOVA STREET WEST Page Six
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
■BI
Friday, November §,
With the Marine Workers
(Conducted by W. H. Donaldson, Secretary Federated Seafarers
of Canada.)
American Fleet Bullies China
SEAMEN'S ACTIVITIES
(By Leland Olds.)
W7HAT signs of the storms which
W will mark  the  crisis  of the
present  age   of  exploitation   and
presage its collapse?    One is the
Laurence   Todd,   Federated foreign privileges in China but
""  """ " press) withdrawal of American and ot
WASHINGTON—That American foreign   forces   from   China
navtfl vessels constituted 13 out of Chinese waters,
the  fleet  of  20  ships  of  foreign      "Whereas," he says, -'th? du
,„„..„„  T _,._,* _,_.„*   .     __       . ,,, _   ■      ... r-~~-*~  .■*■—..    *>.*.— .„ „_.w powers that intimidated the Chin- ing of British owned tea into 1
gROTHER James scott, fireman seafaring men at Victoria will not gradual   ate6lnbHffIg   of   wbute. ese In Shanghai after the massacre ton harbor res. Ited in the; i.
and oiler passed away at Es- take chances on the S S. Canadian gathering machinery in the guise of students by British police there pendence of r..*e United tSates,
sondale Hospital on Monday, Sep-  Seigneur.    This  is  the ship  that  0f debt collection.   This will mean  last May. and that American-naval dumping of British own,! opi
tember   28th.     The   late   Brother had so many changes last trip ow-  a   ^eater   cono<mtratlon   of   the   enliated   men  „e   8tlllon  .,„*„„ int0 the river at Canton remilj
Scott was an active member of the ing to bad conditions and was later country.g Bpelldlng  power  ln the serving as.police in Shanghai, is set In the subjection of China to w<
Federated  Seafarer's  Union, .both exposed in the    Labor Advocate,    hands of an arrogant upper olaB8  £orth ,_. ft ,^ recelved ,.y prefll. ern  powerS)   through  a  serleg
and corresponding Increase of de- dent Coolidge from Dr. Harry F. treaties  forced  upon  her,   tak.
pendent workers whose honorable Ward,   national  chairman  of tho away major portions of her
employment-has been stolen, leaving   their subsistence   subject   to
the   parasitical   interests   of   the
masters.
at sea and ashore.    The last ship under the heading "Starvation at
he was on, according to our records Sea."  Evidently the exposure has
was the "Canadian Importer," from done some good,
which he went to St. Pauls Hospl- _*_-__________________
tal,  and was afterwards transfer*: Members  are  advised   to   keep
red to Essondale Hospital on-July away from the S. S. Baychlmo, the
3rd.    His death came as a great Arctic hunger ship, as the chief      Thls slmuitoneoU8  proces     re.
surprise to the many friends that  engineer is poking for men Who gultl      from ^ determlnatlon of
knew him, in the organization and  will take the ship to England with-
elsewhere.   We have just received out having their fare paid back to
a  letter from  his mother at  Al- Vancouver.    This vessel  while  in
bany,   New   York,   who  feels   the the regions of the Arctic, had some
loss of her son who always remem- narrow escapes.   The men suffered'
bered her at all times.   His mother, great hardships in the way of food
asks the membership  to  try and etc, aboard this  packet.    We do
help her in her hor of distress.
The S. S. Canadian Inventor paid
off on the same day as the S. S.
Canadian Ranger, and the crew
state that there is lots of room for
improvement on her. They think
that there should be an allowance
for overtime, instead of as at present.    The men further state that
not think that the Hudson's Bay
Company gave orders to stlnfthe
men of food. According to reports
the captain was to blame. He is
used to what is usually called by
seafaring men, "Lime Juice Ships."
Letters have been received from
Bro. Harry Terry and other members regarding conditions aboard
"the captain of the vessel was not the Coasting vessels. The matter
of the "pard Case Type," another °' &mnZ * a«y ott -"<>r the quar-
one who has a heart for the feel- termasters is to betaken up short-
ings of his crew ly witn the shipping companies of
-'        B. C.
American Committee for Justice to vi*t) sovereign rights.
China.   Dr. Ward has recently re-      "The Unite,! States through '
turned from a year spent in the merchants,    manufactures,    ba:
Orient, during which he lectured ers ,aiid missionaries has part
under Y. M. C. A. and oth«r reii- pated in and profited by the
gious   auspices   in   the   cities   of cal   unequal   treaties   upholdi
China.    He  is a member of the them by guns and bayonets.
faculty of U_,lon Theological Sem-      "in the Shanghai strike folio
inary, New York, and secretary of ing the shooting of unarmed stu,
It  the Methodist Federation for Social  ents by foreign police, May 30, 19
" Service. we suplied 13 out of 20 warshi
On   behalf   of   his   committee, to maintain the policy of contr
v hlch has bu. n organized by men and taxation of Chinese by fo
and women active in educational,  elgners    without     representatlo
religious, labor, Journali3Ci._. iner- Our marines were quartered on
national rela.oins and other work. Chinese university and high echo
Dr. Ward explains that their pur-  arbitrarily closed by foreign ordei
pose is the securing for China of a and our naval forces are still
just settlement ot her demands for shore serving as police at Shanghai
freedom  from the domination  of "In the circumstances, we may
1 any  moment   by  the  work   of
_ _       . _      , consul or the act of a naval off
petition   for  American   goods   in  Machinery IS Forcing cer or a marine be engaged in ws
American capital to lay tribute on
the world is hidden in an analysis
of the debt-funding problem by
Morgan's Guaranty Trust Co.
says:
"The payment of foreign debts
must inevitably be largely made
by the export of goods from the
debtor countries. This injects into
the domestic markets of the creditor country foreign competition.
Moreover, the extensive loaning of
American funds to other nations
for the purpose of economic readjustment and the stimulation of
produotlon means Increased com*
both domestic and foreign markets. That there must be hardships won Individual industries ln
this process of debt payment and
readjustment ls clear."
Will Hit Wage Earner
This hardship' will fall chiefly
upon the wage earner in loss of
A: letter from the S. S. Canadian
Winner   at 'San   Francisco   atates      We  would  llke  those  members
that there is no complaints so far. of the Canadian Merchant Service
We will wait until the end of the Gul,d who are taking *•>« Place °*t employment and pressure to ac*
voyage   before   clapping   ourselves ab,e seamen on some of the vessels .oept reduced standards. The bank  managing director of the Farmers'
on the back.   Some men are very sailing from B. C. ports to remem-  iow not 8how this, but describes National Council believes.   Addressing the Civic Club of New York
Farmers Into Unions with china without any authori^
.. tion by Congress.   Unless this sll
uation is changed the hlstorll
friendship that China has for Ui
because of our past policy ls bounj
to be transformed Into enmity."
. (By Federated Press)
NEW YORK—Farm workers' labor unions, not farm producers'
co-operatives, are the trend which
agricultural organization will take
in the future, Benjamin C. Marsh
easily satisfied and the same men ber that they are not acting in the debt   payment   as   a   process   in
on the other Jiand can do a lot to Interests of the men on deck by whWh   the   *foreign    governments
improve the conditions on board
tho vessels if they would only
speak their minds. >
Another letter was received from
the S. S. Canadian Seigneur from
one of the crew who waq rather
afraid to let the officials aboard
know he was writing a letter to
the Union. This letter stated that
so far on the Seigneur the condi*
refusing to support the organized deprive their peoples Of purchas-
labor movement ln the department ing pow?r by taxation and trans-
they are working in. Several mem- fer lt t0 the ,v, s. government,
bers of that organization are in this which passes it on to its people
organization, and there are quite a either by reducing taxes or by
few more who are not. A letter repay^g the internal debt,
is to be sent to the Canadian Mer-     Th„ 8 ,8       n ^
chant Service Guild about this mat- proposal8 for reduc,ng tttes aim
ter which is very serious. ,arge,y at spM,ng ^ lnoom?_ of
the rich while the bulk of pay-
Marsh said:
"The next decade will probably
see 65% or more of farmers tenants or hired men, many of them
working on large farms. Many of
them will thus have lost any equity
they may have had in their small
holdings and probably will secure
the best returns for their work If
organized, not as competing producers, but as hired men at Amerl-
Who   Is   BILL   HUNGERFORD I
Ask Any Labor Man.
STANFORD
ROOMS
«68 SEYMOUR STBBBT
Housekeeping  Snd   Transient
Central—Torms Moderate
Under New Management
"BUI" Hnngerford aa* M. 0s_s-
brtdge, Props.
According  to  report  from  the ments on the internal debt go to can wages.    Such mergers as the
tions are very good, although they hospitals Jamie Scoular and Taffy the same investing class.   Instead Armour-Morris, Bakery and Milk
might get worse before the return Evans are getting along nicely. of    increasing    the     purchasing
There are quite a few "First Trip- "~ ' *  power   of  the   American  people,
pers," three of whom were picked      Members are requested to attend enabling them to buy the foreign
up  at Victoria.    The  experienced the next business meeting of the products   poured   in   to   pay   the
Empire
Cafe
QUALITY
COURTESY
REASONABLE
76 Hastings East
HAROLD DEOO and
BOB KRAUSE
Ute 54th Batt  sad 7tnt Batt.
organization which will be held on debts apd still to provide a mar-
Tuesday, November 10th.   Impor- ket  for American  products,  this
tant business will be dealt with in- process only increases the invest-
cluding election of office bearers ing power of the upper class,
for 1926. Barring the uncertainties of a
  new world war, with the debtor
Mall List at Headquarters: nations allied to end the tribute,
Combines, render the work of
farmers' co-operatives much more
difficult."
Not only the worker who stays
on the farm^ but the city worker
also, will be greatly affected by the
coming years of the agricultural
revolution, says Marsh. The enormous gain in agricultural productivity through the use of tractors and other improved farm ma-
Bell, A.; Gale, T.; George, .Mr.; this will end in a small Imperial chinery reduces the number need-
Henderson, C; HannahJ.-, Hynes, clique riding on a tribute-paying ed to till the soil and throws the
A; Hodson, J.; Jones, W.; Kisslck, world proletariat But before that surplus on the city's industrial em-
J.; Knox, A.; McLeod, M.; McDonald, J.; Maskell, J.; Maekay, J.;
Osborne, W.; Pugh, A. E.; Worral,
Wm.; Worrel, J.; Warren, S.
Advertisers are helping us. Reciprocate by buying from them,
and tell them you saw lt ln the
Advocate.
is completely realized  decay wilV ployment market.   Marsh predicts
that within five years not one person in five, over ten, will be left
on the farms, a vast reduction from
the proportions of the 1910 census
that gave one person in three to
PoiSOn Gas For MobS agriculture. He quoted the state-
  ment Of Ethelbert Stewart, U. S.
have eaten away the roots of the
system.
U.S. General Endorses
MAINLAND CIGAR STORE
"The Place for Pipes"
Kail Orden Receive Prompt Attention
810 OARRALL STREET VANOOUVER, B.0.
Red Star Drag Store
"The Mail Order Druggists"
We Mak* • Speolal Effort to Get Goods Out by Pint Mall
Aftor Receipt of Yonr Order
Corner Oordova and Oarrall
Vanoouver, B.0.
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON—Let every police force and sheriff and national
guard foroe adopt tear gas, as the
chemical warfare service in the
army has done, and mobs will no
longer be a danger in this country. * So says Gen. Amos Fries,
chief of the chemical warfare service. Fries ls much disturbed by
a magazine article by W. G. Shepherd, dealing with a circular issued by the service under the
name Provisional Instructions for
the Control of Mobs by Chemical
Warfare. This document was issued ln 1921 and revised ln 1922.
It ls now out of print,  but the
Commissioner of Labor Statistics,
who said that if agriculture
throughout the United States were
as efficient as In Illinois 4,619,372
persons could be released from that
Industry,
The effect this emigration* from
the farms will have on the city
workers standards Is one of the big
problems he will have to face urges
Marsh.
SUIT
SALE
Big reductions, splendid
values. Regular prices
$22.50 to $42.50, now—
$15 to $37.65
C. D. BRUCE
Cor. Homer and Hastings St.
VANCOUVER, H.O.
LABOR INSURANCE
WASHINGTON—(F P) — Company insurance of employees, says
the Union Co-operative Insurance
Co., started under the Electrical
Workers and other international
regulations lt contained are found unions tends to take the place of
in the book of instructions for wage increases, ties the 'worker to
officers in the army.. one employer because he forfeits
The  general believes Shepherd b*« insurance  when   he  changes;
has been getting information
from the Communists, since . a
Communist daily published the
fact that tear gas was sent to
the Mingo, W. Va„ coal field
during a strike some yeara ago.
jobs. and it swells the company's
till because the cost of labor {turnover is reduced. .*  -
Don't forget!   Mention the Advocate when buying..
The Original
HARVEY
Logging Boot
HAND-MADE BOOTS
for    i
LOGGERS,  MINERS,
CRUISERS uid
PROSPECTORS
amsk Strvies for Bspilri
AU Work Owiwttsd
SfsoM AMtsMoa te MsU Ordsrs
H. Harvey
IitaMlifcti bi Vsueirar ia ISS*
M OORDOVA STREET W.
-**-****-*************n**m*** sdajfi.November 6, 1925
THE CANADIAN LABOR ADVOCATE
Page Seven
. 'Ll    Ull
[Scarborough aiid Liverpool   &»*■**< i^bor Advawang
(By MAX BEER.) "
[Max Beer, who spent twenty years in Britain studying the development of the
Labor movement, is the author of the classic work bn the "History of British
Socialism,'! and. is the foremost living authority on the history of British labor.
The following article on the Trades Congress meet at Scarborough, and the Labor
Party conference at Liverpool, is hailed by the British Labor press as the most penetrating analysis that has appeared on the subject.]
E proceedings and resolutions  of  liberal trade unionism.    They the  economio- structure  of  Great
of the 57th Trades Union Cop-  formea- tne   Parliamentary   Com- Britain  and  the world  at  large.
'"' mittee of the Trades Union Con- The1 ideas of the leaders  of the
gress, the  political  organ   of  or- Labor party are  now  getting  as
ganized Labor and the guardians antiquated  as  those  of the  Par-
of working class liberalism. liamentary Committee were in the
When   in  the   'eighties   of   the 'eighties.      Hence      Scarborough,
e    main    features—first,    the  ia8t ce(ntury,  under the  stress  of which  is  destined to  do  for  the
ception of Labor as a class en-  industrial   depression   and   Social renewed   Labor   movement   what
led ln a contest for a higher  Democratic propaganda, organized Belfast and Norwloh did for the
of social life against a de-  i^bor got restless and demanded thep    rising    soeial    democratic
ng civilisation  represented  by  tne  participation  in  International movement thirty years ago.
■ossessing class which is visibly  Labor Congresses, the Parllamen- .....  ,_■...*
g   faith    in    everything    but  ta^C^t^. -Ittg&ftgU British Labor CMrfS        -
at Scarborough marked the
best point yet reached by post-
fcrtist Labor in Great Britain.
Siey    were    characterized    by
e;   secondly,   economic   think-  to keep the British working class
as against political scheming  within    national    and    liberal
bounds.
Socialists Excluded
parliamentary maneuvering
tdly, a strong feeling of inter-
lional solidarity of Labor.
Tour American Cities
(By Federated Press.)   •
,.         ,.   .               .           , .  ,         In 1887 the Parliamentary Com- DETROIT—The tours of Albert
|t would  however be a mistake  m,ttee were fina„y          elle4 t0 A.  purce],   vice-chairman  British
assume that Scarborough rep-   accede   fe   the   demand   o£   the Trades  Un,      cong         and   Ar_
trade  unions,   but   still   managed thur Henderson, secretary British
to impose restrictions which were Labor 'party, are educating Amer-
intepded to exclude the delegates 'can workers as to the divergent
of German Socialists, who at that directions   of   the   two   organiza-
ith   most   of   the   delegates,  time enjoyed in Great Britain the tions, the industrial and political
thorough  was a  manifestation   same  reputation  as Russian  Boi- arms of English laber.
oble emotions, high ideas, and  shevism now. Henderson in his talks on The
j worth  striving and  working      Meanwhile, the fight against the Coming  and   Going  of  the   First
since in their realization  lay  Broadhursts and  Woods  and  the Labor Government talks of "mor-
surest guarantee for the final, whole   Parliamentary   Committee al law*" "Justice,"  "co-operation,"
ancipatlon of their class. Scar-   went on apace and it was" led by "Peace".     In   his   Detroit   speech
■ough was an anticipation rath-  Keir Hardle, the S.D.F./ and the ne   ursed   American   workers   to
than a realization.    But there  leaders    of   the    New  ' Unionism form a labor party.   Purcell talks
be  no doubt that  earlier  or   (Tom Mann and Ben Tillett), who oi   worla   unity   of   the   worksrs
ler the British masses will ac-  finally succeeded  in carrying  So- ai***;amst the capitalist class,
t and will act in the spirit of   cialist  resolutions   at   the   Trades Henderson   estimated   the   pub-
General  Council  of the  67th  Union Congresses of Belfast (1893) 1,oation   ot   the   forged   Zinoviev
pnted  the   deliberate  and  set
Opinion of the great majority
fthe organized working class.
arborough—An Anticipation
ades Union Congress.
Vs to the duration  of time  in
and Norwich  (1894).
note cost the British Labor Party
30 of the 40 seats it lost in the
K . ,_ ^, rr,, „ .,. Increase in Britain
Keir Hardle Kicked Ont _____
The Trades Union  Congress  at LONDON.-Unemployment   was
Cardiff, 1895, excluded Keir Har- sUU   on   the   Increase   ln   Great
ks to tne duration or time in Belfast ajnd Norwich were then :" :"°. „ t V ""
llch  the   new   spirit   will- gain  as sensational affairs as Scarbor-  19*4 ele*™' '     ,?  ~°   ^!
idominanoe and will control the ough now. The old liberal lead- "°'6' *hlCn Ram<Say M,f°D°f!ld
Jivities of the working class, ers were as terrified as the social acoephsd as senuinj, with bitter
filing Positive can be said, fo*  democratic leaders have been ter- *Wrca8!B' ■■■■   ■ ■
will depend on the progres-  rifled  by Scarborough.  And  they
decay,  of   British   industrial  were determined to have their re-  Unemployment On the
on  the  kno.wledge  and  zeal  venge.
tact  of  the  Left  Wing  and
nmunist leadership, and on the
Knslty and success of the fight
inst the Labor party managers,   ,.,,,, , -•--        —   ~.~...
,, together with the whols *,e- T°m Mann and the T/ades Britain at the end of August, and
ltallst press, felt their position Councils, just as the Liverpool was especially marked in coal
laced    by    Scarborough    and  Conference excluded the Commu-  mlnlngi textlle manufacturlng ^
nist8, tinplate    milling.   On    September
And what was the result? 12th  the  official  figures  showed
Did  Cardiff succeed  i*n  restor-  1,418,000 persons out of work, as
M*tn*„ nt M-m-i. t„i. .   tw   ,ng   the   authority   ot   liberalism compared  with   1,191,000  on  the
h story of British Labor that  and the ln£luence of Broadhurst,  same date a year ago.
HilinBBaAi.       ail-tit       mnnlf/inf-nflnna -»*qj»*.
Sam Woods and the Parliament-      The figures are taken from the
ary Committee? English   unemployment   Insurance
Not in the least. The excluded department, which now calculates
Hardle and Tom Mann were fi- *hat -12-5 per cent, of the regular
nally victorious. Four years after working population of the country
Cardiff,   at   the   Plymouth   Con- ** out of employment.
tht refuge in Liverpool.
A Lesson: From History
It was not for the first time in
J witnessed such manifestations
reactions.
Experience has taught us that
British Working class gener-
progresses in the following
tmer:    Comprehensive    altera-
jis  In   the   economic   basis   of .,,„„,_,
Lt Britain and gradually their  gress' 1897-' the -foundation of the	
lex in the unrest and dlssatls- ^ab°r  party„*"  'ajd.  in  which Xown Councillors Get
,' ion of the . working class,
lereupon propagandists, try to
plain to the masses the cause
cure, they spread: new ideas,
fich, when aided by corres-
nding industrial conditions, gain
Ificient   force   to   push   Labor
yard on the road to a higher
ii.
Sixty Days in Prison
GLASGOW—A sentence of lm-
J. Ramsay MacDonald, and later
on Arthur Henderson, took the
place of Sam Woods and Broadhurst.    The  difference is  indeed
not great, but still some progress prisonment   has   been   passed   at
has been made. Greenock on two town councillors
The Push From Below -for speeches delivered at a Com-
For the  last hundred years it munIst meeting.
was always the trade union which Tne two men—Councillors Hin-
Vs a rule the ground gained in gave birth to new ideas and ere- shelwood, of Gourook, and Council-
first assault is soon contested ated  the forces whioh transla* lor QIHies, of Port Glasgow—who
[the Labor leaders and organ- the Ideas into practice.   The two appeared in the Sheriff Court, were
tions attached somehow to the trade  union years from   1832   t convicted   of   having   attempted.
Wests   of  the   old   order,   and  1834   produced   more   Ideas   than wnen    addressing   a   Communist
(re is a setback.    But the con- the whole Chartist movement from meeting at Greenock on September
goes on and always ends with  1836  to  1866?    Belfast and  Nor- *3. to induce members of the police
victory of the pew spirit.         wich  were anticipations  of ideas force to:
Broadhurst to MacDonald         which quickened  the trade uffiion Commit a breach of discipline,
|n    this    way,    British    Labor movement to new life. They were Go on strike.                 ,       „ ,
ved  from  liberalism  to  social first asi*aults, rushing forward to Use  their  batons against  their
-aooracy, or from Broadhurst to sain    new   ground     They    were superior officers, and,
IcDonald   and in this* way it is thrown baok at Cardiff, and their Organize themselves as a Work-
Ithe point of progressing from captalns  w«re   banlshe°*   DUt«not era Defence, Corps.
Ipty* social democratic oratory to for ,on*'   *he clalms De8sed out Thw ware: each, santenced to «0
class*   cojisQjpus- activity   of at Belfast and Norwich weregrad- day> imprlspnmept. and fined £10
K'a "Communist M«ilfes.to."        "" "          " "             "'
(By Tom Richardson.)
TN THE hope that my impressions
1 of the British Labor and Socialist Movement may be of interest to the workers ln British Columbia, the following notes .have
been written.
Since my return to England over
fifteen months, ago I have addressed "over 400 meetings, Including
the General Election of 1924, and
some bye-elections prior to and
since the General Election. My
itinerary has covered a wide area—
North, South, East and West of
England, and also South Wales.
It has been a great joy and inspiration to meet large numbers of old
comrades and friends and to make
a happy acquaintance with many
young arid new comrades wherever
I went.
Woman and Labor
Among the many important
features of the Movement in the
Old Land I would give priority to
the magnificent vitality of the
Women's Section of the Labor
Movement, and also the tremendous activities of the Junior Sections of the Labor Party-and the
I. L. P. in particular.
As illustrating the former I will
give you two examples. On the
day of our arrival in London I received a letter from my old I. L. P.
branch at Usworth, my home district, inviting my wife and I to
a^ "welcome-home". I accepted
and' agreed to take a series of
meetings ln my native county of
Durham. During that visit I was
asked by the Women's Section of
the Spennymoor Divisional Labor
Party to address thjeir ordinary
monthly meeting, on a Wednesday
afternoon at 3 p. m., at the mining
village of Esh. I only received the
invitation the day before and gladly accepted same, having in mind
my early experiences in the pioneer days, when lt was difficult to
get a chairman to preside at a Socialist Meeting—a difficulty I .experienced on more than one occasion. What a change I found—
when I arrived at the Co-operative
Hall there were 86 women delegates present and a few visitors,
most of them miner's wives. Some
of the delegates had come a distance of 20 miles. The business
was conducted in a very efficient
manner, and I had a good time,
and came away feeling inspired
and, I hope, not unduly proud, that
I had along with a few others in
the early and dark days, sown the
seed of Socialism. A feature of the
meeting that was very pleasing to
me and suggestive of much, was
that there were present on the
platform a Primitive Methodist
Minister and his wife, both active
members of the Party; They were
shortly leaving the district 'and
going to new fields of service in
Northumberland and the women of
the division made that the occasion
of presenting to them suitable
presents in recognition of the valuable services they had rendered
to the Cause of Labor and Socialism. At the close a splendid tea
was provided of which 102 people
partook.
Women's Annual Gala
Three months later the Women's
Section of the-whole county held
their Annual Gala ln the ancient
city of Durham. Twenty-thousand
women marched in the procession
with upward of 100 banners. The
press reported that the procession
was over a mile long.
In many parts of the country
(especially ln the mining counties)
similar conditions obtain.
Young Worken Active
The young folk of both sexes in
many parts of the country have
their own distinctive organisations
and conduct active propaganda at
the Btreet corners, in the market
places and public halls. ' Study
classes are systematically formed
for the study of Industrial History,
Economics and Politics in general.
There is centered in this Movement
(with confidence) much hope as
to the future.
Amalgamation
Industrially there has been, and
is still proceeding, a process of amalgamation of various sections of
the Trades Union Movement, supplemented by a growing disposition on the part of some of the
larger Trades Unions to unite for
purposes of" defence against the
designs of the Capitalist class- to
further reduce the standard of the
life of the workers (as witnessed
ln the recent mining crisis.) Much
yet remains to be accomplished in
this direction but the growing
movement in that direction is substantial and will continue to grow.
A big drive for a 100% membership in several industries is being
steadily pressed forward.'
Liverpool Conference
Of the political Labor and Socialist Movement I am in no doubt as
to its growing strength. I was
present at the Liverpool Conference as a visitor for three days.
The three outstanding facts of the
Conference, to my mind, were:
1. The ascending of J. Ramsay
MacDonald as the big mind and
outstanding personality - of the
Movement.
2. The affirmation and insistence
of the Socialist faith.
3. The unmistakable resolve of
the British Labor Movement to reject the philosophy and policy of
the Third International.
. The Movement is in a healthy
condition and is going forward
with great purpose to win the confidence of the electors to the principles of Socialism.
Canadian Workers, Line Upl
The workers of Canada can, and
must line up industrially and politically, and by consultation and
co-operation with the Movement in
Britain, make their contribution
towards a great international
working class movement and win
for the people of all lands social
justice, economic freedom and security—that  ls  Socialism.
So this is the paper you have
been wanting? Prove It by supporting lt with your subscription
and those of your neighbors and
friends.
TENDERS WANTED for School Stationery Supplies for 1926. Apply
School Board Office for specifications.
Tenders closo Monday, 30th Novemher,
1925. Lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
B. G. WOLFE-MERTON,
Business Manager,  Vancouver  School
Board.
ually worked.
(in- default of. payment, a. further,
Phe forty years from about 1880
The part of the Parliamentary  30 days' imprisonment).
19J50 -witHMsed the overthrow Gdltomittee* was transferred- to- the     ^n appeal was- indicated. *-:.-;.
Jiier^l tra^fl.unionism awl the L^or   Representation  <^mmttte« *, —..^..-,
an^-trtvimRh otf-AOfllai. rejtprm amt the" to^ the Labor party, ■»     NEW  ORLBAN»^(* Pi)^-J»hn*
iniputop. or:'. spjsM  temp-* ,»,   _. ,t6![   «, ^__\__T''D** »*«* 6Si W»«: ha* o*«iK*t«dv
l^v'MhvSSh-,: *:. *        .:: ^'.T-?^*0vfl*2!^"ttJ,>lll,1 m^m^'^ ******«««>
Ienir.._Br_MjihBr_!t.   ajid    Sam (McDonald and-Hen<J«*oii*)v         fw the--past ten* years commlttied
loads, not to mention the Fen- Antiquated Leaders              suicide by shooting,'because with
cks,    Shiptons,    Pickards,    &o„ The   last   few   years,   however,  his small wage he could not satisfy
Ire the classical representatives have produced deep alterations in creditors.
SOLID LEATHER SHOES
At Prices You Can Afford to Pay
MEM, WOMEN AND OHILDREN
EVERlf PAIR IS A BARGAIN—SPECIALS FOR THIS WEEK
Children's Slippers clearing at......................  $1.45 and $1.95
Ladies' Sample Shoes, regular to $7, for  $2.95
Boys' School SUpes ,..,...„.»     $2.« an* $2.95
Men's Worji Boots (the lampu* "Skookum-).......... *3.95 and $4.95
Men's Dress Boots, up to. $10 value* ;for......,^_........„ v„ $4.95
KIBLERS SHOETERIA
(th* Best for Leas)* ~,  ■
163 HASTINOS ST. E.       (Almost Opposite the Library) Page Eight
THE CANADIAN LABOB ADVOCATE
Friday, November 6, 19
Cannot Eat Equipment    Montreal Union Bringj
Says Union Delegate    Garment Boss to
-    .(By Stuart Chase)  ... :■:■*-. ■■•.-;■* •.**.-:-.■••■-.•.-;.■»■:■;- ;':,.: ■..;:■■■_■-.-
, [The following article, describing how the forests of the United States ar-e
being despoiled in order to enhance the wealth of a handful of lumbermen, is
as true of Canada as it is of the U. S. Capitalism is interested in immediate profits
only.   The following story is copied from Justice.]
WHEN the Pilgrims landed on out a vast forest reserve, has dem- burned over 56,000,000 acres of
landed on Plymouth Rock onstrated the practicability of the land, destroying $86,000,000 worth
there were 800 000 000 acres of otner method, that of timber cul- of timber, while the damage to the
virgin forest land in the area sub- ture' Tt oonslsts m keeping the an- nitrogenous humus of the soil was
sequently to be known as the Un- nual growth on a Par with the an- probably even greater. Besides
ited States of America. Today there nual cut—so that the supply ls per- destroying timber, soil, animal life,
remains 138,000 000 acres of vlr- petuaIly safeguarded. Mr.Benton and often buildings—forest firest
gin forest. In addition there are MaoKaye- late ot the United States have ruined great areas for recrea-
today 114^000,000 acres in second Forest Servlce* has worked out a tion purposes. Methods for con-
growth, saw lumber size- 136 000 - plan (or a forest valley with a per- trolling fires are known, but are
000 acres in second growth cord- manent tow at its center where the not widely applied because the idea
wood size; and 1,000 000 acres of sun-ounding hillsides are cut at a has always been that our forests
original forest land on which noth- rate wWch allows tne new growth were inexhaustible. Let 'em burn!
ing is growing. The total remain- always to make good the cutting As a corollary to timber mining
ing stand of timber is estimated:  losses-    By  the  tinle  the  lumber  and the fire which, like Nemesis,
Saw timber, 485 billion cubic workei's have worked around to follows, the slopes of the hills
feet; Cordwood, 261 billion cubic the starting P°lnt- the second above the rivers are gutted, the
feet Total 74*3  billion cubic feet.  growtn is larse enough for another watershed refuses to hold its water
Meanwhile the present rate of cuttIns operation.' Meanwhile, from and streams swollen by waste,
cutting Is: Saw timebr 11.6 billion tbe numan P°Int of view, the forest sweep down to waste and destroy
cubic feet; Cordwood, 10.8 billion workers have permanent homes the farmer's fields below. In fire
cubic feet Total 22.4 billion cubic and tne opportunity life in the and flood, as well as in timber de-
fee!, town and the problem of the home- struction the pioneer takes his toll.
_ . .. _ less, wifeless lumberjack Is solved The outstanding problem of the
p   g    ie      res s —together with an everlasting sup-  lumber industry is to replace the
In addition to the drain of cut-  piy  of timber.    But  timber  cul-  timber mining with timber cuture
ting there is a forest loss due to  ture finds little sympathy among and to conserve and husband this
fire and decay of 2.4 billion cubic the   pioneering   companies   which  priceless natural resource,
feet per year.   Dividing the annual  haVe the lumber business in hand. The WaKe Eamer
drain into the total stand of 746  With their brothers in oil and coal      -..     „   ...    T    ,   . .nn nlin
billion cubic feet, it is evident, if and  natural  gas,  they  have  only      ^  liVel,h°i°d/  ™\ 6°°' *°
there were no growth, that at the time to inquire as they move on  wage earners is dependent on the
end of 30 years the forests of Am-  to the next location: What has pos- ^7' aCCOrdlng t0 C6nSUS °laS"
erica would be gone.   Then annual terity done for us? sitication.
growth is about 6 billion cubic feet __    ...   . Wage
at the present time—less than one- e wastage Earners Proprietors
fourth   of  the  annual  drain.    As      Hand in hand with tne enormous 1914  614,548     38,966
the stand diminishes under this 4  wastage in the forest, has gone on 1919   610,346      36,627
to 1 assault, th© offset of annual  equal wastage in the utilization of 1921  474,875     14,837
growth  becomes increasingly less,  forest products.    Of the total an- 1923   638,094     12,341
It would require a computation in  nual cut, Mr. Arthur D. Little es-      What a business depression can
the higher mathematics to deter-  timates a waste  ratio  of  65  per do to jobs is wel shown by the 1921
mine the future life of our forests  cent.—not all of which is preven- figures—aloss of 135,000  compar-
when    drain    is    diminished    by  ible, however.    In the yellow pine ei with 1919.   Interesting and sig-
growth   and   applied   against  the belt the values of rosinr turpentine, nificant is the decline in propriet-
present stand, but it is to be doub-  alcohol, pine oil, tar, charcol and ors from 39,0-00 In 1914 to 12,000
ted if the 30 years would lengthen  paper stock thrown away is three in  1923.. This  means  large  scale
to 40 were the calculations made,  times the value of the lumber sold, units,   more **ind   bigger  corpora-
"The central fact is that we are  Enough yellow pine is lost in mil- tions, a possible tendency toward
using our lumber four times as fas  ung methods or left to rot on the monopoly.   It also can mean—and
as it grows and the end of three ground to make double the paper let us hope that it does—a certain
centuries of abundance is now in  tonnage    in    the    United    tSates' amount  of  waste   elimination   by
sight." With these words the Unit-  Meanwhile    pulpwood   for   paper virtue of better planning in large
ed States Forest Service sums up  making is imported from Norway, units,
the situation In its 1924 report on  loaded onto freight cars and ship- Starvation Wages
Wood  Waste   Prevention.    If  we ped 1,000 miles Inland. since    19i4,    average    working
continue to cut and destroy as we ,*.„,„ «„„ tv,„._h, rr.__._i '
have been cutting and destroying, °my One-Fourth Used hours per week have declined from
in   something   over' a   generation      Not more than one board foot of 53  to  49;  while  weekly earnings
there will be no forests left in Am-  lumber appears for every four feet nave risen from $12 to $23.    The
erica. cut in the woods.   Two of the four index number for skilled workers
Cut Over Land are left in the forest, or fed into average weekly earnings has risen
The Forest Service estimates that tne saw mlu burner or are lost in  from 10° in 1914 t0 21° ln 1924;
over 300,000,000 acres of the cut- seasoning before the stage of rough while  that  for  unskilled  workers
over land is unsuitable for farm- seasoned lumber is reached.    The has risen from 100 to only 170-
ing, and is not producing healthy third foot ""sappers in manufac- again proving the disadvantage of
second growth because of the reck- turlng-'   Hlcko-T   handle   makers the unskilled workers in bargain-
less methods used in the original use but two tona of ,umber and lng P°wer-    Average hourly earn-
exploitation.    Thero are 81,000,000 se,ls  40°  pounds  of  han<Hes.    In  ings for July, 1925, are reported by
acres—or 10 per cent   of the or- many furniture factories, unskilled the National Industrial Conference
iginal stand-so devastated by fire labor and   inadequate  supervision Board as follows:
and  soil erosion  that  nothing  of n«t only 80 per cent of the lum" Lumber Average
value ls growing upon them or is ber reeeived.   The circular saw is                             and Mill       All
ever likely to grow     This ruined U8ed because it is quicker, but it Work   Industries
area Is equal to the combined for- leaves about three tlmes as much  Male—unskilled   ..$.367       $.470
est lands of Prance, Germany, Bel- sawdust on the ground as the band  Male—skilled  592 .636'
glum, Holland, Denmark, Swltzer- saw.     Into   the   hands   of   eager      The ]umber industry is thus de-
land, Spain and Portugal. straphangers  goes  2,000  acres  of oldedly below the average hourly
Exploitation Methods f°''eSt eVery y6ar for eaCh a"d eV" earning of all industries combined,
' ery large New York newspaper. If th        ln   beIng  much  greater   in
Injhe   lumber   Industry,   there thls demand could be fed from slab the ^ of the unskilled than in
are, broadly speaking, two general wood_now   thrown   away-many the oase of the skuled worker
methods of forest exploitation. For thousands of acres of standing tim-  _____
the first, a member of the Forest ber  cou]d   be  saved—saved,   with
Service has coined the term "tim- knowa   fol. an uUlmate use of an Butcher Horthy Heard
ber mining"; for the second "tim- even  more  rewarding  nature.    A        u„__i____i. IjWnt   Ama.i._
ber culture."   Timber mining is the Sunday ed*tlon ot ^e New York        FrOtCSt FTOm America
method of the pioneer, and to date Time_ takes u acres of woodland, —
it  has been  the  almost universal                *         „,„.„, _„a -/,ry,,„ofl WASHINGTON —Protests   from
,                      .*. _      _ _i_        That these wastes are admitted .       , ....        _,<_.„   a —
practice in America.    Cut out the .    ..    ,     .      .*..*.     ..... American  liberals and  from  Am-
* ,. , ,      . by the lumber industry itself is ev-      . „ . ....   „ *,.
cream, make no provision for sec- '       •'   •   ,,» •   ■•*••-,.   . -± . _ erlcans of Hungarian birth or de-
ond growth, and leave the slash to denced by 'he (act,that ^T^ "cent,    against    the    threatened
burn as jolly good riddance. What *on' uSec,r,e-tary   °f   t,heA Na"!?     wholesale  execution  or  lmprison-
If a few towns are wiped out, a few Lumber Manufacturer's Association ment  of aUeged  plotterg  agalnBt
lives lost, the soil burned until it to,d,a Congressional committee re- ^ Horthy dlotatoMhlp ln Hun.
becomes forever impotent-haven't cent y tbat  the  countrvy1   ls  now gary,   have   made  an   Impression
we millions of virgin acres still un- wastln*   7°"7lI v^t w   BudapeBt'    Th,S   is   lttdlCatM
touched..--.That is the philosophy ^^ ° „^'f S,^ ^if ^ the anxious attitude* of- lega-
of the pioneer, the waster,..the pro- "mtber. Htfflzation   logging, manu- ^ off,cte,fti. wh0. r8fUBe to dis-
digal.    In the early years of Am- facture and* distribution.     * ,         CUM*. the* situation., They appear
erican development, perhaps it was The riw Toll                  astonished that thie arrest andl re-
the   only   practicable   philosophy. Lumbering methods have played ported torture of flromtoent. radf
But now with only a generation to into the  hands of forest  fires— icals and  socialists   in. Hungary
go it becomes one of the most men- magnificently.    In the five yesrs should become known in the Unit-
aclng and vicious philosophies Im- from 1916 to 1920, there were 160,-  ed States and should lead to pub-
aglnable.    Europe, Europe, With- 000   reported   forest   fires   whloh   lio discussion.
(By Federated Press)- '*
NEW TO'Rfc**—Talk'about hazardous occupations,- that of the- New
York street cleaners -is one of the
worst, with 10 killed last year and
1,844, or one out of four; Injured.
A dangerous job and a hard job,
but a job. on which depends the
lives of multitudes that might be
swept away by the disease epidemics that are thwarted by the sanitation work of the street cleaners.
But Mayor Hylan and his Board
of Estimates didn't realize all this
apparently till the street cleaners'
union put the matter to them
strongly through Abraham Kasoff,
president, joint council of Unionized Street Cleaners. Kasoff, pres-
senting his members' demands for
more pay, gave the casualty figures and then added bitterly:
"There is something dramatic
about a policeman and fireman being killed or injured, but when a
"white wing" is crushed by a truck
or kicked by a horse the public
doesn't care."
At first Hylan didn't get this or
didn't want to, for he interjected:
"Aren't you satisfied with the new
and modern equipment we have
provided?"
But Kasoff brought the subject
right back to the demands: "Now
your honor," he replied, "the
equipment is all right so far as it
goes, but we can't eat the equipment."
A $100 annual increase was voted for. the street sweepers.
... (By Federated Press) ..J
• MONTREAL.—TKe  eiivironj
'of .the  Workers   In   the   cloff
trades of Montreal has greatlsl
- proved in the last two -decades!
cording' to Nathan Gordon, a f
yer, who for two years has
as arbitrator in all kinds of
putes between the Clothing M4
facturers' Association of Monti
and   the   Amalgamated   Clot|
Workers of America.   For ths
eight years these two organizafj
have been experimenting with '
ten    agreements    providing
prompt investigation of compla
and grievances, and the result|
been that problems that once
ated constant friction have pf
tically disappeared.
The majority of employers in 1
trade now realize that it ls
policy to study the workers' pj
of view and   that  their   bushT
problems are dependent on pollJ
which tend to promote the welif
of their, worksrs.   With substanl
wage increases,   an immense
provement  in  working  conditlj
and   increasing   regularization I
employment, Montreal is manuf
turlng a much greater proportl
of the clothing consumed in Ci
ada  than  ln  the   old  sweats!)
days.
British Sailors Still
Striking in Australia
SYDNEY, Australia. — There is
no change in the strike of British
seamen in Australian ports. A
conference between the shipowners and the seamen's strike committee September 23 failed. The
seamen on strike refuse to consider any proposal unless the
shipowners agree to no victimization, immediate release of imprisoned strikers, payment at old
rates for the period of the strike,
payment of the old rate prior to
the reduction of $5 per month,
ujntil* their return to home ports
In the United Kingdom.
On September 15 nearly 60
vessels were tied up in Australian
ports. The idle tonnage totals
481,883, while 5,000 seamen are
on strike. Thirteen vessels with
a tonnage of 102,644 are tied up
in New Zealand ports.
The Australian agents of the
Shipping Combine have had about
1,000 seame*n sent to jail for
short terms of imprisonment, but
in some cases the men have been
harshly dealt with. .
The Australian unionists are
feeding the strikers. In most'
cases the men have been lodged
in the homes of unionists, while
the remainder are quartered in
union halls. Australian unionists
have subscribed large relief, funds.
Telegraphers' Union
Is Organizing Drij|
(Federated Press.)
CHICAGO.—A drive for $10
000 launched by the Commerc;
Telegraphers' Union of America
under way in an effort to orgij
ize the Western Union and
Postal Telegraph, in accordaj
with instructions of the 13th r.|
ular convention recently held';
Chicago.
The   Commercial   Telegraph^
Union  now has a membership|
over   4,100.     Corporations  havJ
contracts with  the  union  incir
the United Press, the tyiternatl
al News Service and the Univer|
Press   in   the  United   States,
Canadian Press, the Canadian
clfic Railroad, the Canadian
tional Telegraph and the MartJ
Wireless in Canada;
The abolition' of   the   Canadi
vice-preside|pcy, done to oust Pj
F. Schnur, an active member
the   Socialist  Labor   party,   fr*!
office   in   the   union,   Presidij
Johnson   admits   was   unfair'
view of the excellent trade nti_
work  done  by the Canadian
cialist   members   and   officers
the union.   According to the prjj
ident,   the   telegraphers   are
yet ripe  for Socialist  and Col
munlst tactics, and the pledge!
the   union   to   abide   by   regul
craft-unionism must be observe]
Russian Army Reduced
Under Soviet Regime
MOSCOW—The Red army numbers 562,000 men, according to
official figures, compared with a
standing army of 1,350,000 under
the czar's regime. Russia, with a
population of over 130,000,000, has
an army that is smaller by 183,-
000 mein than that of France,
whose population is only 39,000,-
000. The Red army is also smaller by 17,000 than the combined
armies of the border states, Esthonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland
and' Roumania, whose combined
population is  50,000,000.
- BALTIMORE—(F P)— Reports
at strike headquarters of the Locomotive Engineers and Locomotive
Firemen & Enginemen, in Baltimore, for .the Western Maryland
Railway- dispute, show that traffic
at main points on tha road is badly
crippled, The strike began Oct.
IB,
Textile Workers Wage
Battle for 44-Hour We^
PATERSON, N.J.—A joint dr
for the  8-hour  day and   44-hd
week is being staged by the tj
textile   unions   of.   Paterson,
Associated Silk Workers, indepej
dent,    and    the    United    Tex
Workers' union, A. F. of L.
success of one joint meeting,
dressed  both by Thomas F.
Mahqn of the United and by Fr|
Hoelscher,   Paterson secretary ;
the   Associated,   led   to   the
nouncement   of  a  larger   one
Carpenters' Hall.
This is the first time ln m_l
years  that  Informal  co-operatf
between the rival Independent 1
federation   unionism   of  the  s|
capital     has     been    carried
far.   The alliance ls made easl
because the two unions have thl
strength In different crafts.    Tl
Associated is stronger among tj
weavers.   The United ls a fact!
of some importance among loo
fixers,'  warpers,  twisters,  deaig
ere, and other specialized eraftl
Pass this copy to your shopma
and get him to subscribe,   .

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