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Portland Canal News 1920-07-03

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fcfT OF MINES���
Portland Canal News
Devoted to the Interests of the Mining Districts of Northwestern British Columbia
[oo the year���10c the Copy.
Supplement to Portland Canal News, Stewart, B.C.
Saturday, July 3rd, 1920.
1  '���,       ������ i
NTANDING in the foreground of this picture is Hon.Win. Sloan
OT many places, least of all mining camps, can boast of such kJ minister of mines. This is how the Big Missouri camp look-
scenic beauties as surround Steawart. The above picture cd last spring when the minister visited the camp. Hon. Mr.
shows Stewart of an evening when tlie high tides come in. The Sloan on that occasion visited all the working properties in the
camp is particularly picturesque at this time of year. Salmon River section. ���
ERE is a fair view of one of Stewart's side streets. Newcomers
and tourists are st once struck with the magnificent scenery
S picture shows one of the open   cuts  on   the   E Pluribus
HIS picture shows the Stewart General   Hospital  and   the   big -
reservoir soon to be in use  again.     The   proposal   is   that   a
which comes to view as they approach the head of Portland Canal.
Stewart is picturesquely set at the foot of high mountains at the large gasoline engine be purchased as a temporary expedient.    It
'aim of the Big Missouri group,  under bond  to  Sir  Donald     entrance to Bear River Valley up which there are great bodies of has been figured that a gas engine would be far cheaper to operate
and associates.   It is in the series of open cuts on this claim     ore which caused the boom in 1910 and on which development is than the steam plant.   The hospital is once more open and is in.
notw ta'king place. charge of Dr. H. C. Davis.
BX nut*ntt<4 Utaea
'HE Recorder's Office at Stewart  this year has done a rtisliiiu
business and tlie work is as great -i* in 1910,
MINING activity nn Hitter Creek already tit"- spring has resulted iu a small stampede in th.it section and a number of claims have been staked there.   Tht gratifying  results from the opera
tipna of C, X. Tubman ami lus associates at the I.. 1.. X-  ||. group, owned b)  J, 1 I.i. tUs  ..I Stewart,
have -hown  a lead 27 feet  wide with good assay returns in gold and   silver  and   a   large   develop-
mt'iii program is about to be undertaken. Supplement to Portland Canal News, Stewart, B.C
Complete  Stock of Everything that is Needed in
General Merchandise
Outfits for Prospectors, Mining Supplies, Stoves, Hardware,
Groceries, etc.
Salmon River Trading Co., Ltd.
Hyder, Alaska.
Stewart, B.C.
Your Patronage Solicited���
Exchange Grill
Herman & McEwen
The Best the Market Affords.
R. G. Moseley
'   Stewart    -    B. C.
Stewart Mercantile Co., Ltd.
G. E. Austin
Prospecting and Mining
Supplies     a     Specialty.
Stewart, B.C.
Take   the   Automobile   to   the
Just Recently Opened.
Hot and Gold Water. Steam Heated.
Well Furnished Throughout.
Sank of itotttratl
Established over 100 years.
Total Assets in excess of $500,000,000.
J. H. Gauld, Manager
Stewart Branch.
Shops at Stewart and Hyder.
W. Dann, Prop.
Newly Opened. Excellently Furnished
Clean, Airy Room/s.   Reasonable Rates.
��� '       Stewart, B.C.
Direct Importer of Groceries,    Men's    Furnishings,    Boots
and Shoes, Rubber   Goods,  Miners'  Supplies,
Hardware, Tobacco, etc.
Out of the mining excitement at the head of Portland
Canal have arisen two splendid towns���Stewart, on the
Canadian side of the line, and Hyder, at the boundary in Alaska. Although business rivals, the two camps pull together
well. What is good for you is good for us, is the motto, and j
everybody lives up to it.
Both were founded in 1910.    Hyder   in   those   halcyon
days was known as Portland City.    It was given being on   |
account of the activity in building in Stewart   at   that   time,   j
Stewart sort of ran over the edges, so to speak.   And Portland City, built upon piles, arose from the sea.
That was iti 1910. In 1020 things were quite different.
While in 1910 Stewart was a big place and Hyder just a few
buildings set upon stilts, to-(lav Hyder is as large as Stewart
and both arc growing apace. The reason for the existence of
Hyder and her advance is the development up Salmon River.
This development aids the building of Stewart quite as
much, because the largest mining operation- are on the Canadian side of the line, and tin.* cotripanies trade in Canada. But
the best way tn reach the mines up Salmon River is-by way
of Hyder, two miles and one-eighth from Stewart, over a first-
class motor highway cut out of solid granite.
This season has seen considerable activity start up Bear
River, at the back of Stewart, and tins has had a measurable   B
effect upon Stewart already for Hyder gets no "cut" in this
The general feeling has been, and is, that the mineral
showings are such as justify two big catnips at the head of
Portland Canal, and so the two towns, while there is a
healthy rivalry in a business way. "live happily together" as
it were.
lllllllllllillin^^ Iii - >M
At the Boundary Line on the Road  to   the  <5ai
Mines       . SVl K*!
W.R. REID        -      .       Manager
Cold Silver Springs on Draft.
Hyder, Alaska.
Carries in stock everything you would expect to find '
Columbia, Victor and Stradivarius Phonographs and Rec
M. R. Jamieson, Prop.
Hyder, Alaska.
Gateway to the Famous Salmon River.
As an illustration of the growth of
the mining and other development in
the Portland Canal district, during
the past year, the Dominion Government is now building a new dock at
Stewart designed to take care of the
freight requirements for some time
to come. The business entirely outgrew the old wharf accommodations
tend the old structure had been dur-
dened bo long that it was almost
weary enough of carrying tons upon
tons to collapse.
The new structure will have sufficient capacity to take care of more
business than seems possible will be
offering this year and the largest
vessels afloat pn the Pacific may tie
up to It. Owing to the constant filling in of the head of Portland Canal
from the wash from Bear River, it
was necessary to build the new
wharf a considerable distance farther away from the town than the
old one'.
It is only a question of time what,
with tho development of the mines,
providing they live up to tho magnitude indicated by what development
has taken place thus far, the head of
the canal will have to be dredged.
But that is a long way off, and the
new dock is being constructed to last
for years and large enough so that
extensions will not be required for
a considerable period, even with advancing development.
A big silver strike has been made
on the west side of the Royal group
at Alice Arm close to the Dolly Varden mine.
They have already uncovered the
Dolly Varden Vein No. 4 on the Royal
group and are getting rich free ruby
silver, assaying 231 ounces. The
lead Is twelve feet wide and has been
traced for 300 feet on the surface.
It has the same capping as tbe Dolly
Miss Marge Mobcrly of New York
who has been the guest of Miss Ma.die
Murray, Shaughnessv Heights, is visiting Stewart.
Salmon  River  Banking Co.
of Hyder
Incorporated Under the Laws of V
Capital Paid Up      "       $15,000.00
Commercial and Savings l>
Domestic and Foreign Exch
Money Telegraphed to all Parts of the L"i il   ' -��� ���
ijyfor Alaska i\\\\m
\\. R. Hull. Editor.
Authentic Mining News of Salmon River and Southeastern
.'���: Alaska.
$5.00 per year.
If you want any information about Hyder and the Mining
properties of Salmon River Valley, address:���
Hyder Commercial Club
#www w w w www WVW*
I ���
CTEWART, B.C., is a live, thriving
mining camp, situated in the mid�� of a moft promising mineral area. At the back of the town there is a
large, little explored area of great promise.
We will be pleased to supply information and what data is available
% to anyone who inquires.
H. P. Gibson, Pres. , w R Watson
HARRY HANSON-The Bum Plumber
��~C Saturday, July 3rd, 1920.
^upple.ment to Portland Canal News, Stewart, B.C. Supplement to Portland Canal News, Stewart, B.C. _^
Saturday, Julyj^ m
Some Winter Scenes in the   Vicinity of Stewart
IS   t .^���*���--*SSBa^
lft*��r 8$ fe
iSat'i    I?!'   M.'-i
^ ..'V" >���
la*,-' 40"         il
aaBMrWK?*'''"' ���'���'���
���Mr 4*>����� -.*������" ���"-*��
FTER a careful examination
J\ and study of samples of the
silver ores of this district, Victor
Dolmage, of the Dominion Bureau
of Mines, has come to the conclusion that they are of primary
and not secondary origin. In an
illustrated report of his studies of
the ore samples from the Premier
mine, submitted to him by Chas.
Bunting, Mr. Dolmage says, in
"The rich silver deposits of the
Stewart district, British Columbia, are now engaging more attention than any other silver deposits in the world. The camp is
still in its infancy, no development
work having reached a greater
depth than 250 feet, and, as in the
case of all high grade deposits,
the operators and investors are
facing the vital problem of whether the ore-bodies are of the
secondarily surface enriched type
nd consequently of relatively
hallow depth, or whether they
are high grade primary ore-shoots
with good chances of persistence
to relatively great depths.
(1)    The black sulphide ore is
at the same time a very plentiful
ore of the district, one of the highest ores of the district, -and one
composed of essentially primary
minerals. This establishes the
important and interesting fact
that much of the high grade ore
of the Stewart District is of primary origin, and has therefore a
much better chance of persisting
to relatively great depths than if
it were of secondary origin, a fact
of considerable significance in a
camp so highly promising on the
surface and as yet so slightly developed.
(2) The stephanite-native-sil-
ver ore may have been enriched
by the replacement of primary
minerals by stephanitc and native
silver, and the silicious ore by the
addition of ruby silver, stephanite
and liative silver, but in neither
cases is it definitely proven.
(3) The small amount of stephanite ore to be found in the district, the comparative low grade
character of the silicious ore, and
the great preponderance of primary minerals over sevondary mineral-, in all the ore excepting the
stephanite ore, indicate that the
processes of secondary enrichment may have played only a
very subordinate role, if any, in
the formation of these rich silver
An interesting phenomenon observed in connection with the microscopic examination of these
specimens, and one which served
as an aid in determining the minerals, is the etching of the stephanite and native silver by the
action of light.
In 1910 when Sir Donald Mann
built the Canadian Northeastern
Railway from the head of Portland Canal fourteen miles up Bear
River Valley, the mining boom
was at its height and it looked as
if the road would do considerable
business from the start. It did,
but for a very short time, when
financial stringency among mining companies resulted in a burst-
ed boom and consequent closing
down of the railroad. That was
at a time when the silver content
of the ore was not the main consideration as today.
It was known that Sir Donald's
plans contemplated more than an
BttO EIBng
ore railroad. A reconnaisance
clear from Stewart to the Groundhog Mountain coal fields and
through to the wheat fields of the
prairies had been made. Perhaps
Sir Donald had a large scheme
for construction of a line to reach
tidewater oyer the closest route.
But, whate\^ were the plans,
their fruition has not come about
yet, though the railroad is once
more ready to operate and with a
prospect of a considerable amount
of business immediately.
During the years of inactivity
the bridges were damaged, and
some of the piling on the approach
to the railway dock became worn,
and the work of repairing is just
about-completed. A gasoline locomotive for use on the line has
arrived, and will soon be hauling
freight and passengers up the valley, where a considerable amount
of mining development will be
seen this year.
The line will be a ^reat aid to
development' and if Operations result in the making of shippers,
Sir Donald's venture may prove a
good Investment after all.
The railway is of standard
guage and heavy steel over a well
made road bed showing that it
was built as a permanent piece of
work. Except for the damaged
bridges it is as good today as
when laid.
In 1698 a man of the name of
Burgess organized an expedition
to locate placer claims on the upper Naas River. He was joined
>y some sixty adventurers, who
chartered a steamer at Seattle,
and the party arrived at the head
of Portland Canal on May 4th.
1898. Very few of these Argonauts were prospectors or miners,
and after a lew months of desultory prospecting I'.urgess stole
silently away, the rest of the
party making their way back to
civilization at intervals. Whether
Burgess really knew of placer
ground in that region or not remains a mystery to this day.
There is gold in the district, but
so far the small amount of prospecting done has failed to locate it
in paying quantities.
While hunting goat on the Bear
River mountains some of these
pioneers ran across outcrops of
mineral, but at that time they
were not considered valuable by
the finders, with the exception of
the "Grizzley." now the Roosevelt
group on Bitter Creek, which was
located by the late I). I. Ramcy.
Other discoveries made at that
time were later located, among
them being the "Red Cliff," the
(ieorge copper claims, the "Mountain Boy," and several others but
one find made at that time has
still to be rediscovered, this i- the
"Arizona," a copper outcrop ���������������>-
posed to lie on the mountaWT between American Creek and the
upper Salmon River, t section of
country that still remain-; to be
In 1903 I). J. Rainey and J. W
Stewart located the land fronting
on the Canal. At that time the
International Boundary between
Canada and Alaska was supposed
to run north through the Beat-
River Valley, so Rainey located a
pre-emption under the U.S. laws
and Stewart under an application
to purchase in P.ritish Columbia
Later when the Boundary line
was located a mile south at Eagle
Point. Rainey re-applied for his
and, and secured a Crown Grant.
this land being afterwards pur
chased by the Stewart Land Co.
and now included in the town of
In the following year a deputy
mining recorder office was established. Previous to that time,
prospectors had to make the long
ort S'mpsoS
trip by sail boat t<
to record their claims   Th,  a.
was ... charge oi  \lr. ,obn   *
way who.snou   nining record.
at  Prince Rupert.   (������1(1
prospecting wa    ;   ��� ���
���-"���J  Part of  tin-   ,.rospecli
known as the "Bin Missouri" w���
ocated by Harrison and Raerict
two old-time Ala
The "Big Missouri kid,.
' lSPectori
the   location  of ima
'���   DOS
^^^^mmmm "������  potential
mines, was from time immemorii]
the bear huntin rounds ,f th,
Naas Indians. Although ,M, w
tagonistic. tie- I: rlians did not
favor the advent of the prospect
ors into their gam   reserves.
In 1905 a post ��� (hec wasesttlr
lished with R. M Stewart as postmaster ��� "Skam i kounst" the
Indian nam.- foi head of Portland Canal wa- di ��� >\ tooincon.
grotis lor tlie nann i the newer
rice, so at the -u.; ������ n 0j v \i
Fletcher, post office inspector,!
was named Sic. aii followingtac
custom ui nann post offices
after their first incumbents.
With continued prospecting new
discoveries were iadi   -la
cier Creek" coming int' : art en*
lar prominence l'>\ the locatioi
of many minei il -. md tht
properties   now *i< the
Portland tana'. -    Stewart.uJ
the Glacier Creek   were   [<:Xd.
All these locali ��� madeoi
caiens. showing in I >>f themroir
uitig low grade \t that tinirand
for many yeai ��� urds, iittk
attention was pa     :    urcs other]
than copper sui  '      - or .ifu
the  "aw" ore-      t!i their hieh -
silver value- ;:  I ''��������������� n bcingfot
in sufficient quantity to be reckon
ed OB as commerci
With the boom m l'MO thetod
of Stewart --prate- i  I - life andfeS
a  time attracted       I   attentki
but   with   the  . 'iiceraenl ��
work ceased <*
md dieimprflj
the world wai
many propertie
ion went abroa
the camp were
The striking
ver  ore  in  the
about three year-
an awakened intere-
restarted   <>n   -'
and many new ���
���and    the   disi ���������
grade on several
as gone far to jit '
mining activity
it the oreso��
' ,*.* grade!
; ,i, prradc >'���'
rentier'1 m
,-,, rt'-ult"-dia
; Workrij
���  proper���
rics ut jli��-
thesc claiij
HON. WM. SLOAN, MINTS TICK oi Saturday, July 3rd, 1920.
Supplement to' Portland Canal News, Stewart, B.C.
Map of Salmon River
Boilers, Tanks, Pulp, Paper, Logging and
Mining Equipment
Mining Cars.    Ore Buckets.
Fire Sheets for Water Cooled Furnaces, etc.
Boilermakers, Machinists, Founders and Designers.
Head Office���Vancouver,  B.C.
365 Water Street, Vancouver.
We specialize on double thick plain white ware
for camp use.
Write for particulars specifying your requirements.
?***?**.'******+**+-r*-r'r+*r+*r++*r+-r-r^^ Supplement to Portland Canal News, Stewart, B.C.
Plans are being made by the Indian
Mines, Ltd., to resume development.
This group is one of the early locations
on Salmon River.
This company owns four claims on
the west Bide of Cascade creek, opposite the Bush claims, on the south end
of Missouri ridge, between the Salmon
River glacier and Cascade crek. The
claims are Portland Xo. 1, Portland
No. 2, Big Dick, and Fritz, and are
Cro ----granted. They are at an elevation of about 2,400 feet and fourteen
miles from tide-water at Stewart. No
work has been done on the property
since 1913.
Development consists of three open-
cuts on the cropping! and two tunnels.
The open-cuts expose a vein from 12
to 20 feet in width, which can be followed on the surface to the end of
the claims, about 2,000 feet. The vein
is quartz and appears to follow a wide
dioiitic dyke which intrudes the greenstone-schists. Tfce minerals included
in the quartz are galena, sphalerite,
and pyrites, in the order of importance
mentioned. The first two open-cuts,
going up the hill, show very little galena; the values are about jlO a ton in
gold and silver for a width of 12 feet.
The upper or main open-cut discloses
the vein for a width of 20 feet, of
which 5 to 8 feet in the centre is solid
galena, with the same amount of zinc
and galena on the hanging wall, and
the balance of the vein on the foot-
wall of quartz and pyrites.
A tunnel lias been driven about 150
feet vertically below and following the
vein for a Utile over 100 feet, showing
each of the ore-shoots exposed on the
surface.   The No. 1 shoot shows considerable  galena at  this  depth,  with
quartz and pyrites predominating, and
is about 35 feet in length.   The No. 2
shoot is entirely of quartz and pyrites
and will average about $10 a ton, mainly in gold values.   The No. '3 or main
shoot, from the big cropping on the
surface, was struck at about 400 feet
in the tunnel and drifted on for 30 feet.
The ore started from a seam on the
foot-wall and has widened to 14 feet
at the face, as exposed by two crosscuts.   Three sectional samples across
the face averaged $2.40 in gold, 3.5 oz.
silver, 10 per cent, lead, and IG per
cent. zinc.   The hanging-wall crosscut
at the face is still in heavy zinc ore.
Further work in driving this drift is
very important, as the foot-wall portion of the vein, carrying the galena,
is widening rapidly  and  has all the
appearance of   making   into a good
shoot of ore.
The lower tunnel, 150 feet below No.
li has been driven about tiu feet on the
vein, in which there is from 1 to 3 feet
of good ore on the hanging wall. On
the upper end of the claims there is a
6-inch seam of ore on the hanging-wall
assaying as high as $120 a ton in gold.
There is a good cabin and a good
equipment of all necessary tools, with
a car and rails in the upper tunnel.
to make shipments of ore to
The Company further own a half
interest in the Edith & Lois claims
adjoining the Spider Group which is
at present being developed by the
Algunican Company. It is tho intention of the present management to
push development on their property
as fast as possible and place their
different holdings on a producing
The company is under the able
management of Grant Mahood who is
one of the successful mining men of
the district.
fc In connection .with the sending
out of prospecting parties of returned soldiers, the parties from this
district are is made up of John A.
Young, an experienced prospector,
and John Murdock, both of Alice
Arm. Young was the only experienced man who offered, and be picked
his partner. They will prospect in
ihe Alice Arm district.
' Fourteen men have been sent
north to this district, two going up
Gardner Canal, two to Stewart, two
to Alice Ann, two to Atlin, two to
the Naas, and four to Hazelton.
These have been placed under the
direction of the local district engineer.
Considerable development of the
coal product of the Nicola-Princeton
field is being predicted in responsible quarters.
The Mahood Mines, Limited have
lately acquired the Punch Bowl group
ot claims consisting of six claims and
adjoin the Bush Mines on the north,
lying between it and Big Missouri
Group. On this group several well
defined veins have been discovered
carrying good values in gold and silver. It is the intention of the management to do considerable work on this
group during the present season.
The Company has also bought a half
interest in the well known Sullivan
& Daly group which was discovered
by Pat Daly, the father of the camp,
and Grant Mahood in 1910. On this
group some of the richest ore in the
district has been discovered. This
property has been idle during the past
few years owing to the poor transportation into the district, but with the
completion of the government wagon
road to the Big Missouri it will he
Gangs of men will soon be busy
on both the Alaska and British Columbia sides of the boundary line on
the wagon road up Salmon River. A
gang has been on the job some
weeks on the Alaska side surfacing
and improving the road which was
built by tho Premier Mining Co.,
through Alaska territory.
Late advices from the Department
of Mines, Victoria, is to the effect
that it is the intention of the Provincial Government to extend this
wagon road from where it branches
off to the Premier mine, on up the
valley to the Big Missouri flats.
Men  will soon  be  making  the  dirt
Continuation of the Premier wagon road will be a great boon, to the
Salmon River section. The prices of
freight handling last season was
heart-breaking. But considerable
development was done nevertheless,
and the ore showings justfy the government in undertaking the improvement. With less costly freighting,
more attention to the mining end of
operations can be paid, with consequent good results according to all
��� o	
F. J. Crossland, mining engineer
of Vancouver, has been appointed to
make a thorough examination o? the
hematite and limonite deposits of
the Whitewater river section of the
Clinton mining division.
A determined counter-offensive is
being waged by the United Mine
Workers of America against the
O.B.U. in the Crows Nest Pass coal
Manufacturers, Wholesale and
Retail Dealers in
and Canvass Goods of all kinds including
Pack Sacks, Pack Saddles, Ore Sacks, etc.
Write for Catalogue.
28-30 Water St., Vancouver, B.C.
Head Office 618-619, Vancouver Block, VANCOUVER, B.C.
We Specialize in
Stewart and Alice Arm Properties
PrOSOeCtOrS!���H V0U haVC * pf0perty with good showings we can sell it for you.    We will
* *    Finance your development work.
InVCStOrS *-H V��U Want * Silver' G��ld ��r C��Pper P1-0-*1*?' we are in touch with all the real
properties in the North. We are financing a group of the best claims in Alice
Arm now. They adjoin the Wolf Mine and Dolly Varden property. Write for
particulars.   Get in early.
618-619 Vancouver Block, VANCOUVER, B.C. Saturday, July 3rd, 1920
upplement to Portland Canal News, Stewart, B.C.
Ihat this district has taken a new
e of life after the stock selling
paign and the fall in metal prices
ch followed its discovery is due,
large  measure,  to  the  pheno-
lal   richness  of   Premier ore, as
ed   by   shipments   to   smelters.
lusands- of tons of ore have gone
this   mine   and   development
has hardly started.    The ore
ped   has   brought   returns   of,
Uhly, $300 per ton.
jut the high grade shipped, while
jlng to stimulate Interest in the
,  does not  represent  the  true
of the mine.   The Premier ore
is in the form of an immense
with  cross  fractures  of  high
le and lateral shoots of the same
of ore, but the dyke filling is
jug ore.    To treat this, the Presold  Mining Company is now
limiting a  concentrator of  100
daily capacity,  which  is being
as the initial unit of 1000-ton
Equipment,   consisting of a
Ito.ry crusher, rolls, and a Marcey
mill,  is  on the ground,  and a
if men is now at work prepar-
e foundation.
panwhile,    diamond    drills    are
busy throughout the mine, and
rtre force of miners is employed
ling  and   stopeing.     When     the
[is put In commission there will
lonty of feed for it from the mill-
already on the dump.
large operator in the Portland
district this season is the Al-
n Development Co., of Bel-
whose managing director,
Vanophen has taken a place in
\ ������< and intends to remain a
I'art of the season. The man-
ongineer directing the various
is W. A. Meloehe.
Bl fall Mr. Meloehe bonded a
of properties, and  vigorous
claim, the regular mining which h-is
proceeded for several months past
will continui' on the E Pluribus
claim, where high grade ore was
The Big Missouri is under bond to
the Pacific Coast Exploration Co., at
the head of which is Sir DonalJ
Mann. Col. T. A. Hiam, personal representative of Sir Donald, will be
in the district all summer. Dr. Bancroft, of Magill University, is now at
the property and will direct the work.
William Noble is superintendent.
Work on this property is expected
to resume shortly, the re-organ'z.ttion
having been completed. The Mineral
Hill group, on Salmon river h'i�� been
worked successfully during Ihi- past
two years by the Mine>-a: HM partnership, comprising General J. VV.
Stewart of Vancouver; Pat Wele'i of
Spokane, H. J. Fetter of Seattle and
others. The Mineral Hill Mines,
Limited, with a capital of $1,500,00f
has been organized, and word Is
daily expected that operations will
be resumed, Work during tho past
few months was under direction of
Al. Harris of Stewart and a considerable showing of high grade silver-
gold ore was made.
J. R. McDonald, of New York,
bonded this property last fall and
during the winter started work on a
crosscut tunnel to get depth on the
surface exposure. This tunnel struck
the ore sixty feet less distance than
it was looked for. The ore is���the
usual character for the section and
contains splendid values.
ipment has already commenced.
dk the spring a large tonnage of
|ii>s was taken up Salmon River
the snow by Yukon sleighs
by horses fitted with snow
By taking advantage of wea-
ronditions freighting costs were
ly reduced.
3|i*'rtles on which work will
r<l this season are the Spider
Northern Light groups on Sal-
It ive.r and the Fitzgerald group
3car River. The company's
on the George group on Bear
this season will probably be
|cil to examinatlo.
program   for   the   Spider  in-
2,000 feet of lateral develop-
A   3-drlll  compressor   plant
|een  installed.     The  tunnel  Is
150 feet and It is planned to
1 about 300 feet per month.
the Northern Light group two
nd drills will  bo employed, a
let    having    been    taken    by
Bros, of Seattle for 5,000 ft.
|work here will consist of open
General R. G. Edwards Leckie recently visited this section in connection with the plans to reopen the
Hercules which is a location of 1910.
The company was formed in that
year and some development work
was done. J. Fall will superintend
the work as soon as camp has been
seven feet of good ore has been crosscut.
This property was bonded last fall
from Bibeau and McKay by Pat.
Welch and H. J. Fetter who
during the winter and this sprj/lg
carried on development with gratifying results. A tunnel whic'h the
owners had driven was continued into the ore body which showed a good
width and gave good values, principally in silver. Al. Harris is superintendent and it is learned that the
bonders plan continuous development. The lakeview is situated on
Glacier Creek, up Bear River Valley,
five miles up from Stewart. They are
now drifting on four feet of good
grade of ore.
C. G. Skoning, of Northport, Wash,
and associates, are working the Nabob group, on Glacier Creek, and
have plans for quite extensive development this season. Mr. Skoning
bonded this property from Jack
Watkins last fall. The values in the
ore are chiefly in silver and what
work was done before the bonders
took hold proved up surface indications sufficient to induce the investment of capital.
The Red Top group, on Bear river,
is owned by McNeill Bros, of Stewart
and is under bond to Gustav Seiffert who has interested outside capital in its development. Contracts for
three tunnels have been let and work
is now proceeding. The Red Top is
a well known property, having been
staked in 1910.
This group is on the Alaska side
of the line, two miles from the Premier mine, and is owned by the New-
Alaska Mining Co. of Washington.
A tunnel driven last winter showed
up at least 27 feet of milling ore
with the values principally in silver.
Since the snow went off this spring
surface work has traced this lead to
| a considerable distance to the west
of the tunnel. The success o* the
New Alaska in striking the ore body
at depth has stimulated prospecting
on the Alaska side of the line.
Work will soon begin on the Bay
View, above Stewart. A trail is being 'blasted to the property. It was
bonded by Will, and George Cameron
last fall.
During most of last season reports
of exceedingly rich ore came from
the Forty Nine, on Salmon River,
owned by tho Forty Nine Mining Co.
This property was located by Dan Lin
deborg who bonded it more than a
yaer ago. An excellent camp was estab
lished and work proceeded under direction of Harry Howson. Ore showing native, ruby and brittle silver
was encountered in both tunnels,
known as the Occidental and Forty
Nine tunnels and considerable work
toward opening up the property has
been accomplished.    The Forty Nine
I gives every  promise  of  becoming a
aoth the Spider and Northern),ar(W mine and it ,H understood that
an extensive development program is
This property is now being operated by the British-Canadian Silver
Corporation of which B. A. Banks is
managing director. A small crew of
men-is employed under H. C. Button,
superintendent. The group was originally owned by Grant Mahood, the
staker, and was turned over more
than a year ago to O. B. Bush, who
formed the company known as the
Bus'h Mines Limited. The property
adjoins the Premier on the Northeast.
L. L. & H.
On the L. L. & H. group, on Bitter
Creek, one shift is working on account of bad air. The property is
under bond to C. N. Tubman of Victoria and associates and the owner is
Jack  Harkley of  Stewart.     Twenty-
|groiips good camps have been
shed and the summer's sup
iken in.
(amend drill will start on the
aid    group.    Bear  River,  on
another of the contracts ot
Racey, M.E., of Vancouver,
^ting the work on the Silver
roup, on Salmon River, and
IcQuade is in charge of opex-
A large amount of supplies
en taken in and it is the in-
push development steadily
(on and probably establish a
amp as well. Some very rich
id ore was taken from Sept-
^raction, one of the Silver
roup, by Seymour Campbell
|he work there last fall. The
is owned by the Silver
pes Ltd., and development
fas raised in Vancouver. The
gives evidence of develop-
ja shipper -with development
understood that the comas to operate as extensively
(Ions will permit.
[the diamond drills of Boyle
rtcd work on the Province
jthe Big Missouri group a
|*8o.    it jg understood that
for several thousand feet
drilling has biren let. As
unosd    drllltig   01  t��i>
The President Mines Company
owns a group of three claims, below
the New Alaska, from which some
good ore has been taken and high assays received. The original owners
were Angus McKenzie, Ed. Bronson
and Jack Schwenter, all of whom
have interests in the company. Only
surface prospecting has been done
on this ground. It has not only
surface indications but situation to
recommend it and the company is
expected to operate in the near future.
This group, adjoining the President, is now under bond to local interests who have gone outside to interest capital in its development. Assays taken this spring show surface
ore of exceptional richness. It is
evident that thte Hobo, President and
New Alaska are all on the same silver zone.
A number of properties have been
located this spring and samples of not
only high grade silver but of fine
looking bornite and copper glance
have been brought, in from this locality. The owners of the properties
are reticent about talking until they
have  done  more development.
Fish Creek, on account of its accessibility, being on the right hand
side of Salmon River, and only a few
miles from Hyder, has received more
attention than any other part of the
Salmon Valley in Alaskan territory.
A numlber of well known operators,
including Fitzgerald Bros., and Senator John Roman, have interests there
and are now developing their properties to the point where they would
become attractive to investors.
G. S. Eldridge
& Co.
Provincial Assayers and
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We carry a complef e stock of the heavy and shelf hardware used in con.
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Our goods are carefully selected with a view to giving the maximum of
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Anything for a Water Supply
Water Tanks,        Cyanide Tanks,
Blow-Pit Tanks
Donkey Engine Tanks.       Oil Tanks
"Write for  Prices and Catalogue"
550 Pacific Street
Vancouver, B.C. Supplement to Portland Canal News, Stewart, B.C.
���Saturday, July 3rd. iggj
How Premier Mine Was Loft and Found
How the great Premier mine, on
Salmon siver near the Alaska boundary line, was lost under the work conducted by a New York engineer, and
found again by the work under R.
K. Neill of Spokane, is Illustrated
by the drawing of Chas. Bunting, of
Hyder, Alaska, a pioneer of the Portland Canal district since 1910. Mr.
Bunting has been familiar with the
mine and its history from the beginning. Since he made the sketch the
big ore body has been developed and
was a steady shipper of high grade
ore all last winter. The shipments
were reported to average f 275 to the
ton. The mine is now owned by the
Premier Mining Co., Ltd., of which
R. W. Wood, of Fernie, B.C., is president, and the operations are under
personal supervision of Dale L. Pitt,
general manager. The Guggenheim
Interests are largely represented in
the company.
F. C. Lawrence, watchmaker anl
jeweler, of Seattle, has located his
shop in the Hyder Drug Co.'s store
on International Avenue.
A lease has been taken on the
Velvet mine, Rossland, and operations are nnder way i*
PAT DALY was instrumental
in bringing R. K. Neill into
the Salmon' river section, and
many men, for that reason, give
Mr. Daly a large measure of credit for the activity here since.
The McLennan Silver Mines Ltd.,
are among the flrst to start development work on the Royal Group of
Seven claims adjoining the Dolly Varden mine in the Alice Arm camp.
Alfred C. Garde, consulting engineer with a crew of men commenced the seasons operations towards the opening up the property
on June 1st. A vigorous campaign
of development will be carried on in
opening up what is known as the
David Copperfield lead. This vein
gives high values in silver and is over
32 teet wide where cross-cut. In
addition to opening up the Copper-
field vein exploration work will be
continued throughout the summer on
the other two veins which are knowm
to cross the property. One of these
veins is fully 25 feet wide where exposed, while no work has been done
as yet in tracing the other lead that
is exposed a short distnee to the west
of the Royal group and cannot escape
penetrating that property.
Capt. J. A. McLennan, president of
the company will remain on the por-
perty all summer.
NAME OF "BUSH"     "
W-       br
While much has been written
about prospectors and mining-
men in many parts of the world,
and their various connections
with mining development and
romance, the Portland Canal has
produced one man who is deserving of special notice.
He is- O. B. Bush whose name
has been associated with the famous Premier mine from its discovery. It was O. B. Bush who first
organized the old Salmon-Bear
River Mining Co. that took over
the (Premier Vftidm 'the original
owners. His energy it was that
hustled the original development
money. It was he who chiefly
inspired the men who bonded the
property and worked it from time
to time.
While the real man to "take
the crepe from the door"., of the
district was Pat Daly, who inter
ested R. K. Neill in his theory,
still most people will give to O.
B. Bush credit for the develop-
ent, in that it was he who fur-
itshed the original capital which
brought the property to a condition of development which inspir
ed the Plate crowd of New York
to bond it. That Plate lost the
ore, and Pat Daly's theory revived
the mine, is a matter of mining
history, but behind it all Bush's
name will live in mining history
in this part of   the world for the^
mine was allways referred to lodal*
ly as the "Bush."
O. B. Bush has a partner in
most of his mining ventures,
Grant Mahood, of Stewart, a-
nother example of what a young
man who stays with almost anything will accomplish. Perhaps
to even a greater degree than
Bush, Mahood stayed with the
camp, He came to Portland Canal
in 1910 and lived in Stewart continuously since, though after the
1910 excitement most men left for
greener fields. But Mahood remained with the lean years, and,
together with Bush, has made a
comfortable amount of money as
a partial reward for the steadfast
faith he showed in the camp.
Bush and Mahood are not the
only men, 'by any means, who
stayed with Portland Canal.
There were a number of prospectors, but upon the majority of
them fortune has not yet smiled
to such a degree as upon kthe
younger men.
But it is one of the remarkable
attributes to the successful prospector���he always sees the silver
lining, and, judging by the devel
opments this season, the end of
the year will see several more of
the oldtimers with more in the
grubstake than for many years
Renewed interest is manifested
in the development of the Groundhog Coal fields, 90 miles from
Stewart which is the natural seaport for the potential country of
which the coal fields are a part.
In order to obtain a market for
the Groundhog coal which is anthracite, a railway will have to be
constructed and there are three
feasible , routes. The shortest
would be from Stewart, at the
head of Portland G3nal, from
which point a railway has been
built fifteen miles in the direction
of the coal fields. Anqther route
from tide water would be up the
Naas river, but this would be 80
miles longer, though there would
be less rockwork, and an easier
grade. A third route is from the
G.T.P. railway at Hazelton, about
150 miles southward. Then there
is a distance of more than 150
miles to Prince Rupert.
The history of the groundhog
coal fields commences only a feu-
years ago when, locations wen-
made on a branch of the Skeena
river. Continued prospecting determined the fact that coal outcropped over a large area. Various
engineers have made favorable reports on this field.
The&j coal measures arc known
to extend some 70 miles and the
strip is 30 miios wide over which
coal outcrops in,different places.
The Best in the West
Phone 893
P.O. Box 925
Ore  Sacks
We Manufacture them to your Order
in Vancouver
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Lots up to Ten Thousand shipped within forty-eight hours
after receipt of order.
The Canadian Bag Company, Lti
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For   Motors,   Crushers,- Crank   Pins,   etc.
Harris Heavy Pressure for General Purposes.
All grades of Babbitt, Sheet Lead, Lead Pipe
made in Vancouver, B.C.
Write for our Book on Babbitts.
The Canada Metal Co., Ltd
1428 Granville street, Vancouver.
Tin Pants,  Oil Clothing,  Rubber Boots,
Flume Hose of Canvas
Estimates Given on all Canvas Work.
H. M. Nugent & Co.
48 WATER STREET, VANCOUVER Saturday, July 3rd,  1920.
Supplement to Portland Canal News, Stewart, B.C.
ll- n
his  preliminary   report   to
W'rn.   Sloan,   minister    of
es   George Clothier, cxamin-
engineer for the northwest-
n mining division, reviews last
jca "lis work in.   Salmon   Kiver
lection.    It  is   enlightening    to
impare this report with his pre-
BOUS  one.    A  large  amount  of
irk and exploration accomplish
t.    Much greater development
11 take place this year.   As one
lesult of   last   year's   operations
itcwart is having a business re-
feval that is welcome.
Mr. Clothier says:
The Salmon River section has this
Bar bad a geological survey made of
by the Canadian Geological Survey
nder the direction of J.  .1.  O'N'eill.
fhis valuable report will be available
rithin the coming year.
There are a number of properties
forking all winter in the valley, and.
Udging from the number bonded and
number of new companies being
it  on  the  market,  there  will   be a
json of far greater activity in min-
lg next year than this has been.
The  International   group,    situated
bst over the Boundary-line above 11-
jile. was under bond to Pat Daly and
Bsociates.    A   crosscut   tunnel    yas
-rted at an elevation of 2,275  feet
nd driven  90  feet   towards   Retting
rider the surface showing.   It is esti-
ated   that  a  300-foot  tunnel   would
ive a depth of 160 feet vertically un-
er the  vein.    For some reason  the
irk  was closed  down early  in  the
I The Premier Gold Mining Company,
united, has had a busy summer on
utside work. The wagon-road from
le beach to the mine has had a crew
eadily on it all season and is now an
tcellent sleigh-road. It will be im-
roved into a wagon-road next season.
IA camp for teamsters was erected
B-Mlle as a half-way house between
! mine and the beach, and accom-
lodation   made   for  teams,   supplies.
[('amps were also built at the upper
working tunnel for this winter for
Ip accommodation of a hundred men,
Id one at the  mouth  of the  Plate
nel   that  will  accommodate   forty
en.   At the mouth of No. 1 tunnel
new blacksmith shop was built.  The
bunkers   were  remodeled   and   a
fw frame building put on them to be
1 for crushing,  sorting and  sack-
ore.    At  the  camp  a  new  four-
Dry  bunk-house  was   built,   a  two-
Dry mess  house, a two-story  office
an assay office.   At the mouth of
Plate tunnel a  three-story bunk-
use,    a   two-story    mess-house,    a
(uksmith   shop,   timber-shed,   com-
isaor building, and an extension of
feet on the snow-shed were built.
V little work was done in Ui<> mine,
sisting  mainly   in   the  driving  of
upper or No. 1 tunnel about 200
It, No. 5 crosscut for 68 feet. No. 6
f-sHcut for 6 feet, and No. 7 crosscut
20 feet.    In  No.  2 tunnel  No.   1
|sscut  was   driven   215   feet.     The
rk outlined for this winter includes
driving of the Plate tunnel, cross-
Jting and raising, and further work
io. 2 tunnel, and the production of
possible tonnage from No.  1  tun-
lush Mines, Ltd.���This property is
lated about a mile above or further
I the valley from  the Premier.    A
creditable amount of work has
done this summer; camps were
fcted in the spring and a crew of
to ten put on the surface open-
i up the showings.    Two <Jpen-cuts
run  across   a  mineralized   belt
arently having  a  width  of about
I feet.   These cuts show that there
j possibilities of ore-shoots on the
and hanging walls, with very Iit-
between.   On the hanging-wall
is about 6 feet of altered green
pany has recently been incorporated
for $1,500,000 by O. B. Bush, and has
laken over the I^ake and O'Leary
claims, lying between the Premier
ground and the Bush Mines, Limited,
and some claims north of the International.
The Spider group of three claims
belonging to Bill Hamilton and Charlie
Larsen, of Stewart, is situated north
of Long Lake. Tlie group was bonded
early in the spring to Trites & Woods,
owners of the Premier mine, which
did some development work, but did
not exercise their option, the property
reverting to the owners. Some very
high-grade silver ore was found in a
small vein, but not enough work was
done to prove anything. The claims
are now under option to W. A. Meloehe, who will commence operations
as soon as possible in the spring.
All that country from the Bush
Mines, Limited, to the Spider claims
have been staked this summer.
Some fine specimens of high-grade
ore were brought in from some claims
that had been staked over the glacier
from l>ong I^ake, on the Nass River
slope. The stakers returned, buil' a
cabin and are putting in the winter
working on their claims.
Mineral Hill Group.���This property
has been under bond and development
for the past two years, during which
time very extensive work has been
done under the supervision of Al
Harris. There are several fine showings of high-grade ore in the surface,
under which several hundred feet of
underground work has been done.
The results have not been what was
hoped for, so far as high-grade ore is
concerned, but the developmnet of
milling-grade tonnage is a different
proposition. The property is under
bond to Welch, Fetter, Carlton and
associates, of Seattle.
Big Missouri Group.���A number of
open-cuts were put in last year on
two claims of this group adjoining
the Mineral Hill group���the E Pluribus and the Laura. The property was
taken over by Sir. D. D. Mann and
work commenced early this spring.
Several more open-cuts were made,
disclosing very high-grade ore, and
diamond-drilling was decided upon as
the best method of prospecting. A tunnel was also started and driven about
SO feet towards getting under the
high-grade ore exposed in the open-
cuts. This tunnel is now being continued this winter. Nine or ten diamond-drill holes were drilled during
the summer, some of them giving very
satisfactory results. Drilling will be
resumed in the spring on the immense
showings on the other claims. The
Big Missouri has been examined by
many engineers, and the general conclusions drawn have been that, with
the proper metallurgical process for
the ore, it would make one of the biggest producers in the country.
The Unicorn group lies east of the
upper claims of the Big Missouri
group. Unfortunately I did not get
on the ground until the season's work
had been finished, so did not know
where all the work had been done.
However, I saw three or four of the
open-cuts and all showed good-looking
ore. I am informed that the bondors
are very well satisfied with the results of the season's work and would
have continued the work all winter if
they had had time to get camps up
before the snow came.
The Sunset group, north of the Unicorn, has been bonded to Vancouver
interests, who will commence work as
early as possible.
The Montana group, lying between
the Unicorn and the 49 group, has
also been optioned recently to Eastern
49 Group.���This property consists
of nine claims and has been under
bond since last spring to Sam Silverman and associates. Taking into consideration its location and the difficulties of transportation, a good season's work has been done on it. A
fine camp was built, all lumber and
materials being packed on horses,
from the beach, about twenty-five
ping ore. There is a big surface
showing beyond the 49 tunnel that
has never been broken into yet and
which may develop a big tonnage of
at least milling-grade ore.
Prospectors have been exploring
that country past the 49 group and
claim there is the same mineralization
all the way. Many claims were staked
In there this summer and all that
country across the glacier, where accessible, has been staked.
Pay Roll Group.���These claims were
bonded early in the spring and some
work done on them, which evidently
was disappointing.
Several new companies have been
formed already and claims and groups
are being sold every day; consequently it is impossible to keep track of
the standing of the different Sections
of the district.
Operations have commenced on
the Sunrise-Climax group of claims
on Carpenter Creek, Slocan district,
under an option held by Spokane interests.
According to reports, ore body
struck on the Nuggett, near Ymir,
has been followed for 300 feet and
values average from $15 to $20.
Reports from Boston indicate that
Dominion tax assessment on Granby
for 1915-16-17 has been adjusted
and paid.   The amount is $1,000,000.
Diamond-drilling was contracted for
s containing small stringers and | and the machine put on the ground
es of high-grade silver sulphides,  but with inadequate power, resulting
fwhole averaging low grade.    The  ln the season being wasted so far as
tels were driven on this showing ��� obtaining any information from drill-
ervals of about 20 feet below tlie i 'nR was concerned.
The first tunnel found the J    A tunnel is being driven diagonally
ng-wall,  on   which  there  are  a  across the main  ore-showing on  the
inches of   good-grade   ore.    The  **9 claim, which looks as if it were go-
tunnel had not found any ore  'ng  to  develop  a  big  tonnage  of  a
tjbpe of my examination.   Some | flne grade of milling-ore as  well as
shoots of high grade. A new vein on
the Occidental claim is also being
explored by a tunnel that is now in
about 50 feet (October 17th). showing,
all the way, from 1 to 3 feet of ship-
300 feet down the creek from I
another tunnel was being driven I
in about 130 feet, in country-rock
le way.
JO. Silver Mines. Ltd.���This com-1
reat Western Smelting & Refining
Company, Limited.
and .11
Non-Ferrous Metals and Alloys.
Despite several setbacks in the
form of strikes and also suffering
from the disadvantage of a season
that is rather late in opening this
year mining activity at Alice Arm
has commenced to manifest itself
and this season should prove ta
busy one. The Taylor Mining
Company is getting nicely started
shipping ore.
The old 30 pound steel rails are
being replaced with 56 pound
steel, but on account of the scarcity of steel it will be impossible
to change the iw'hole line this
year. The work of changing bc-
tnveen the dock and the town
station is now done and the rails
on the 5 per cent grade a few
miles below the mine will be
changed next. The heavier rails
will make the hauling of the trainP
much easier and safer.
Work on the extension of the
Dolly Varden Railway from the
Dolly compressor and fimway
at camp 8 has comment. ^ and
the first half mile of station contract work lias been let.
It is expected that the Wolf extension, consisting of two miles of
difficult rock work in the canyon
of the Kitsault river will also have
to be bridged, will be completed
thid year and ready for operation
before the season closes.
General Brokers
Mining, Real Estate, Insurance.
Owing to our years of experience and residence in this
district we are in a position to give prospective investors
reliable information as to real estate and mining values.
Our Mr. Mahood devotes his energies to the mining
end of our business. Owing to his successful mining
career his advice is invaluable to our clients.
The real estate department is under the charge of Mr.
Macfarlane, he can post you.
Offices at Stewart, B.C.
504-5 Crown Building,
616 Pender St., W.
Vancouver, B.C.
Central   Sheet Metal Works
Warm Air Heating
and Ventilation.
Dairy and Restaurant supplies
Boat Tanks
All Kinds of
Sheet Metal Work on
Iron, Tin, Brass
and Copper
Up to ten  gauge.
Furnaces and Fittings furnished
complete, ready
for installation.
Camp stoves and
Galley Equipment
560   Cambie     Street,    Vancouver,    B.C.
If you are figuring on business in Northern British
1920 Edition.
Contains  Full Lists:���
Names and Addresses.
also a complete
Directory of Prince Rupert
lid pages of concise, complete  and   valuable  information   <
Northern British Columbia and its resources.
Copies $5.00 Post Free,      .
Address:   The Publisher, P.O. Box 394, Prince Rupert, or
R.  P.  Latta Co.,  Printers, Tower Bldg., Vancouver,   B.C.
750 Granville Street, Vancouver, B.C.
120  Rooms with
Tub or Shower
Two minutes from most important buildings
in the city.
We are Exclusive British Columbia Representatives (or
"Colorado" Round and Hexagon Hollow Mining Drill Steel
also their "Saben Extra" High  Speed Tool Steels
Walker's "Lion" Packings Lenox Hack Saws.
Coughlin's Track Tools and        South Wales Brattice Cloth^
Car Springs & General Mining Supplies
148 Alexander Street,  Vancouver, B.C. 10
Supplement to Portland Canal News, Stewart, B.C.
Saturday, July 3rd, 1920.
Many conservative investors feel that there are exceptionally attractive
opportunities for purchasing mine shares of merit at this time, and, if you
are interested we should be glad to assist you in making a selection*
The Salmon River Silver Camp of British Columbia is particularly
worthy of attention.
Among others, we can strongly recommend Silver Crest Mines, Ltd.,
as owning one of the most promising high-grade properties in the camp.
Ore has already been found, the vein running 16 feet wide and averaging J 90 ounces to the ton.
This Company has financed its development operations for some time
to come.
Write for Special Bulletin. Quotations supplied and orders filled at
lowest market price.
S. W. Miller & Co., Ltd.
Stock and Bond Brokers
710-711 Vancouver Block, Vancouver, B.C.
Members Vancouver Stock Exchange. Correspondence Solicited.
Phone Seymour 2223
710-711 Vancouver Block
 Shares Silver c**t Mines, Limited, at Market.
I enclose herewith $  QH A_mmmU     ,    .���
v    as deposit and will remit balance
on receipt of your advice that my order has been executed.
Signature. Saturday, July 3rd, 1920.
Supplement to Portland Canal News, Stewart, B.C.
Marmot River Section
ii the Marmot River there are sev-
|r il properties that have been held tor
|��� ���,<' years and from which small ship-
Bnts  of  high-grade  ore   have   been
nt out from time to time.   This sec-
I, is very accessible by way of a
���1 trail following up the river. It
ibout'tWO miles and a half from the
p;��� ii to the forks of the river and a
tther three miles to the foot of the
Iii, iir. which has an elevation of 137')
|i>t    The hills on either side of the
,i  are very high and break off ab-
iitly  in straight  cliffs.    At certain
nes of the year, when the snow is
inning In tbe spring, there would be
e    danger    from    snowslides    in
es, but in the summer it is one of
|c must accessible areas in the dis-
ITim Montana group consists of nine
kims  owned   by   Bruggy   &   Mage.e,
(I is one of tlie first locations on the
���ei-.    The showing is a quartz vein
to 'i feet wide contained in a solid |
an ite  formation,   which   is   a   spur'
irust  up  through   the    surrounding!
fneoua   rocks.     The   vein,   carrying
Lh silver values in grey-copper with |deVOTES MUCH T1MK
bnsiderable galena, has been traced
fr about 800 feet on the surface.    It
js been opened up in several places
id several  shipments  of high-grade
c made   by   hand-sorting   the   ore
kken  from   these   cuts.    The    vein
Irikes north-west and south-east and
[lis at a flat angle of about 25 degrees
the north-west.    There is a cross-
it tunnel about 60 feet long tapping
vein,   and   drifts   running   both
rs, from which some fine ore has
fein extracted.   At the point where
crosscut hit the vein a winze was
ink some 30 feet on the vein.   It was
I of water, but I am informed  by
���  of the  owners   that   there   is  a
id showing of ore all the way down.
He tunnel is about 1,000 feet above
level of the valley, and at present
is rather hard  to  reach  owing to
|gh   water   having  washed   out   the
II, which followed up a small creak,
difficulty would be found in getting
trail up from the river, and a short
.inway could easily be erected to
Ing ore down and supplies up.
{The Horseshoe claim, one of the
Inntana group, is reached by good
Jing around over the glacier;   there
several cropping!* of ore, but they
not opened up sufficiently to peril of any opinion being formed as to
i*ir importance.
number of claims have been
kked in this section this year. The
i>rth fork of the Marmot river runs
:o the main river about two miles
Id a half from the beach. There is
Jvery fair trail from Fraser's cabin
tlie forks up  to  the  North  Fork
he Fraser group has seven claims
it and is owned by \V. Fraser, of
pwart.    It  is situated  on  the  east
of  the  North   fork   of   Marmot,
)ut three miles up.    The rock for
lion on this group appears to be a
mass of igneous rock, altered and
fitized   throughout,   with   veins   of
liil pyrhotite and small quartz veins
parsing it in all directions.   These
rtz   veins   carry   gold   and   silver
ies, but it would be almost impos-
|e to find them, as the whole area,
a width of probably 1.000 feet, is
Ivy oxidized  to a  red and  yellow
I'r.   About the only feasible way to
I'ect   it   would   be   by   diamond-
ling.    It  is  an   immense  area  of
Jtzation and worth investigating,
pe North Fork Basin claim is situ-
beyond the Fraser group.   It and
Crawford claim, lying below the
Iser group  along  the  glacier,  are
pt-<1   by  Fraser,  Woods  &   Magee.
formation here is schistose, as it
felow the Fraser group.   A tunnel
been driven for 200 feet along a
l-defined slip to get under -a- shaft
was sunk above it from the sur-
and   in which  was   some   high-
Be ore.   No ore has been found in
| tunnel.
Ince George Clothier, examining
Beer for the Provincial Bureau
lines, made the foregoing report
Marmot River, development bias
need somewhat, and considor-
i Progress is promised this season.
Be B.C. Exploration Co., compos-
Cobalt and Vancouver interests
jthe Magee property under option;
Hush has a bond on the Fraser
IP and there have been several
changes, including the acquirer the Gr&ndvie>w group, adjoin-
jhe Fraser group, by the Sterling
pg Co., of Vancouver.
, W. G. Hglow, geologist, of t'he
fersity of British Columbia, is
leaking a study of the Marmot
' section for private interests.
| the Patricia group, south fork,
.Magee !�� working a small crew
|r. McKechnie and associates of
B. C. Exploration is working
on the Magee property. It is
Btoo,d that O. B. Bush contein-
> Immediate development under
fcnd on the Fraser group. Dur-
|t fall a number of claims were
I. and indications are that con-
H. P. Gibson, a pioneer of 1909 in
the Portland Canal district, is one
of the busiest men in Stewart with
his official duties. He is president
of the Stewart Citizens' Association
as well as president of- the Portland
Canal Prospectors' Association. His
friends refer to him as "the mayor
Bidet-able attention will be paid them
this season. During this spring :oeal
men staked a promising group near
the Fraser group, and known as the
Scotch group. Pat. Keys, Bert Edmonds, George A. Fraser and others
in June staked a promising croup
near the beach and samples of surface
showing brought to Stewart gave
high assay returns.
Practically no information has been
given out by those already operating
in Marmot section regarding results
obtained thus far, but the old-timers
are confident that this season's work
will justify greater development pro
grams than have been undertaken.
It was from Marmot River th->t the
first shipments of ore from this district were made some years-ago at a
time iwhen the price of silver was at
e low figure and transportation facili
ties were not nearly so good as at
Receipts of ore and concentrates
at the smelter at Trail, B.C., have
considerably passed the hundred
thousand ton mark.
Three returned soldiers w'ho took
the special Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment assayers course at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver have passed the B.C. Board's
If Dan Lindeborg, discoverer of
the Big Missouri, ever gets down
to it. and writes a history of his
explorations in the early days
along Salmon River, and the discoveries of himself land partners.
it will be well worth reading.
.Mining engineers have seen th.:
ore showings of the Big Missouri
property, and wondered. A tremendous proposition if it has
depth, they all say. Diamond
drills are now at work solving the
problem at depth. And, "if the
values go to depth" as they say,
the Big Missouri will be a mine
that is unbelieveJibly big. It
contains 20 claims and everywhere the surface has been assayed, values are obtained.
When Dan Lindeborg found
the big ore showing, he thought it
was pretty big, but nothing so
large as work since those early
days indicates it will develop into
Sir Donald Mann bonded the Big
Missouri in 1910, but owing to the
nature of the ore, and the low
values, there was nothing to recommend it but the size of the
body on the surface, for the ore
was complex and hard to treat.
But treatment science has made
strides since then, and Big Missouri ores have been the s-ubject
of much experiment, and successfully. However, the wor k done
last season showed that for all
it is a big loivv grade showing,
there are parts that are of high
grade, and while the work last
summer was on the high grade,
the drills at work this season are
on   the low grade ore.
The results of the diamond drilling on the' high grade ore were
not made public, but in lig ht of
the fact that Sir Donald Mann
and associates in the Pacific Coast
Exploration Co. have outlined a
large program of development, it
is taken that the diamonds made
a satisfactory showing at depth.
tcmfktt wit/f ioffrd
walk mk shlpftiwnit
Joy os orjtnd.
\/}cTcrici - B - O
We are not interested in any
other fond.
[Members of Vancouver Stock Exchange]
Suite 704 Dominion  Building, Vancouver, B.C.
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Underwear, Socks, Blankets
Oiled Clothing;    Paraffin Clothing ;    Men's Furnishings ;
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We are the oldest Wholesale Dry Goods House in B.C. and our "Big Horn'-
Brand Clothing has been known through every mining camp in B.C. for its
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>.<*.��-.^^********+-.-*++*++-l**^ Supplement to Portland Canal News, Stewart, B.C
Saturday, July 3rd  IQ-
This Division has had a year of remarkable growth of the mining industry. The Dolly Varden, situated on
the Kitsault River about 18 miles from
the town of Alice Arm, has at last been
added to the list of shippers, and has
made a most enviable record for the
short time it has been shipping. This
has established the necessary confidence in this section, with the result
that there are very few properties in
the# valley that are not being developed
or under option. The situation at present gives one every reason to believe
that next year will see the greatest
mining activity yet seen in a quartz
camp in northern British Columbia.
The completion of the Dolly Varden
railroad from tide-water to the mine,
18 miles, places that portion of the
valley practically on tide-water, and
guarantees transportation for the remaining eight to teu miles. This feature, together with the many extraor-
dinaiy mineral-showings in the "silver
belt," surely justify a very optimistic
outlook for the future.
The Granby Consolidated Mining,
Smelting and Power Company, Limited, operating at Anyox, has, unfortunately, been producing only a portion
of the year. The plant was closed
down for a couple of months, which,
with the lessened production until operations were in full swing again, materially cut down the year's output.
The quantity of their Hidden Creek
ores smelted during the year will amount to approximately 655,000 tons,
yielding about 11,100 oz. gold, 430,000
oz. silver, and 20,000,000 lbs. copper.
For fluxing purposes 41,000 tons of
limestone waa used and 36,000 tons of
quartz. This shows a falling-off of
about 9,000,000 lbs. of co(pper from
last year, but an increase of gold and
silver, probably due to the contents
of the fluxing quartz. The experimental concentrating plant has been operating all year. The coke and by-product plant is now under operation,
coke being made from the coal from
the company's coalfields at Cassidy,
on Vancouver Island. The company
has employed an average of 1,350 men
and paid out about $2,350,000 in wages
during the year.
The Taylor Engineering Company,
operating what was formerly the Dolly
Varden Mines, Limited, property, situated 18 miles up the Kitsault River
from Alice Arm, has made a remarkable production when the condition of
the mine affairs, when taken over, is
taken into consideration. This year's
operations were commenced in July,
and much credit is due A. \V. Davis,
who has been in charge of the work,
for the results obtained.
About two miles of the railroad from
the beach to the mine was completed;
a steam-driven power plant installed
at the end of steel and air-line from it
to the mine; a 2-bucket tramway with
terminal bunkers constructed; camps
erected at the end of steel and at the
mine; and the mine was put in shape
for stoping and shipping.
By the end of November, or five
months from the time work was started, 6,373 tons of ore had been shipped
that will yield approximately 400,336
oz. sliver; about 40 tons of this was
bonanza ore.
It was found inadvisable to attempt
to operate the railroad during the winter months, consequently it was closed
early in December and ore shipments
ceased. The mine is being developed
all winter.
The North Star Frac. has been under option to Jas. McAleenan, of Alice
Arm, for over a year, during which
time the property has been opened up
to such an extent that regular shipments can be made. This year a tunnel was started about 90 feet below
the one on which the work was done
last year and driven over 100 feet. The
vein was picked up 20 feet from the
portal and drifted on continuously
from that point. The flrst 50 feet of
the vein is low-grade quartz, but the
balance of it is shipping-ore.
At the time I examined the property, about September 1st, the shipping-
ore had been drifted on for 70 feet.
The vein had just crossed diagonally
through a small dyke and the face
showed 4 feet of high-grade ore. There
were 20 or 30 tons on the lower dump
that were later shipped to Granby,
from which no returns have been received as yet. Mr. McAleenan has
since rebonded the property to other
The Toric group has had the tunnel
on the main vein, described In 1918
Annual Report, extended to 20 feet.
The vein now shows 4 feet of ore;
then 8 feet of a horse; then 5 feet of
well-mineralized vein to foot-wall. A
good showing.
The Tiger group, owned by Ed. Pickett, has been bonded to interests represented by Mr. Price. At the time
of my visit to the property no new
work had been done. The present
bondor is driving a tunnel on the upper end of the vein where the surface
indications were the most promising.
but I have no information as to results obtained from this work.
The Musketeer group, owned by
ilea Donald and Al Miner, of Alice
rm, is  now  under option to  A.  D.
Work will be continued throughout the i, the east bank of the Kitsault. 14 miles
wjntel. | from   tide-water.     A  cable  and   cage
The Silver Horde group, owned by  furnish transportation across the river.
\1 Miner and A  Davidson, has had uo|     The showing, at an elevation of 400
work but the yearly assessment.
The Climax group, which consists
of two claims situated adjoining the
Silver Horde and Moose groups, is now-
owned equally by M. Oleson, ot" Alice
Arm, and O. Bisner, of Prince Rupert.
A great deal of surface prospecting-
work has been done during the summer, consisting of a number of open-
cuts along the side-hill for the purpose of tracing the vein from the
Moose ground (above) down the hill.
The work has certainly improved tlie
possibilities of the property, though
the ore exposed in the cuts is yet low
grade. Drifting on the exposures of
ore will give good depth and an improvement in values may be expected
from   such   work.
A trail was started this season by
the Government from the main trail
up over this property to serve also
the Moose, Last Chance, and other
properties up Trout Creek; this will
be continued next year.
The Moose group is owned by Don
Cameron and associates. It was under option at the time of my visit to
the section this summer and no work
was being done on it. I am informed
that the option was not exercised and
that the owners are now driving a
crosscut tunnel to intersect the vein
as exposed on the surface. The result of this work will be watched with
interest, as the surface showing of
high-grade ore is an exceptionally
good one.
The Last Chance group is situated
on Trout Creek about a mile from the
main Kitsault trail, and above the
Moose and Climax groups. It is owned by McPhail, Kolbeck & Morley,
old-timers of Alice Arm and the north
country, and is now under bond to
Mr. Price. The work being done consists of diamond-drilling, the results
of which, I understand, have so far
been satisfactory. This property has
probably the largest surface exposure
in this section, and its exploration,
therefore, will be of especial interest
to the local property-owners.
There are several claims and groups
located beyond the Last Chance, farther up Trout Creek and across from
the head of Trout Creek, in the Green
Lake section. Some fine samples of
ore have been brought in from these
locations, and next year will no doubt
see sufficient work done to show their
The Second Thought group has had
nothing done on it since last reported
on, but I think that some work was
done later. Further information will
be available for the yearly report.
The War Eagle, Black Diamond and
Columbia groups all had the yearly assessments done on them.
The Homestake group, owned by
Davidson, Pearson & Smith, situated
on the west bank of the Kitsault River, opposite the glacier, has had no
work done on it this year other than
having been surveyed for Crown grant.
The property was bonded early in the
year to Mr. Somerville and associates,
who have incorporated a company and
will proceed with work as soon as possible in the spring. The same company has purchased the Matilda, Tip
Top, and Fox claims above and adjoining the Homestake group.
feet above the river, is an open-cut
across 20 feet of ore composed of a
breeciated country-rock of andesite cemented together with calcite, which is
heavily mineralized with pyrite and
chalcopyrite. A sample across a r>-
foot section of this gave 3.it per cent,
copper, 6 oz. silver, and $2.40 gold;
and another across 8 feet gave assays
of 3.5 per cent, copper, 2.4 oz. silver, j
and 60c. gold a ton. Diamond-drill
holes proved this to be a huge boulder
of ore 30 feet or more in thickness.
About 50 feet above this is another
immense boulder of the same material,
while 75 feet above this again a tunnel has been driven for a length of 30
feet through another one, coming out
into big boulders of country-rock. At
an elevation of 1275 feet a tunnel 130
feet long has been driven by the owners, of which 118 feet is in loose slide-
rock and the balance in the solid andesite country-rock. At the mouth of
this tunnel the first 20 feet of it was
through a boulder of ore. No more
boulders of ore have been found on
the surface above this tunnel. From
the fact that these huge masses of ore
lie on the surface it would appear that
they were the last to have been broken
from some point above. A crosscut
from the end of the long tunnel might
be successful in locating this vein,
which must be a large one. I judge
from the mineral content of the ore
that it would concentrate from 5 to 7
into 1 and make probably a 10-percent, copper concentrate. The values
in this ore and the evident size of the
vein makes this a good gamble to try
to find it in-place.
The Esperanza group is situated
about half a mile from Alice Arm, on
the west side of the Kitsault River,
and is owned by Salina Bros.,Vaughan
& Luffgren. This property has been
shipping a small tonnage for the past
eight or ten years, except for the last
year. One of the Salina Bros, has been
doing a little work this summer, and
succeeded in opening up another shoot
of high-grade ore which will be mined
and shipped by him. The ore is a
quartz^ carrying high silver values in
argentite, ruby and native silver, occurring in the slate formation of the
lower Kitsault and conforming with
the bedding-planes of the slate.
The Independent group, owned by
Archie McPhail and situated Just
above the town of Alice Arm, was under option to D. J. Hancock, who did
considerable work last winter and during this summer. The tunnel was extended to 240 feet, getting under the
surface showing exposed in a shaft.
The vein occurs in the slates and is
exceptionally well defined and continuous, but no values of any importance
have been found, except a small stringer on the foot-wall in the shaft.
The War Dance group is comprised
of six mineral claims ��� War Dance,
Grouse No. 3, Betsy, Bute, Whistler,
and Badger. The claims are owned
by A. McGuire and situated about seven miles from Alice Arm, up the northeast fork of the Kitsault River. There
is a good foot-trail all the way which
could be converted into a pack-trail
with the expenditure of a few hundred
dollars. There is a good cabin on the
property at an elevation of 700 feet
ris Peterson and Strombeck Bros., had
some further development done by the
owners. Assistance was given by the
Mines Department for a trail from the
main Kitsault trail to the workings on
the property.
The Wildcat group is owned by Davidson & Macey and situated on the
west side of the Kitsault River above
the Homestake Creek ledge. The work
done this year consists of a short as
sessment-tunnel run in on one of the
upper croppings. ^^^^^^^^^^^
The Copper Cliff, opposite Trout
Creek, on the west side of the Kitsault
River, also had assessment-work performed.
The Ruby group, owned by T.Shack-
elton, is now under bond to J.C.Smith,
who had four men working on the property all summer.   The group is composed of two claims���Ruby and North
Star Frac.���situated on the east side
of the Kitsault River opposite the {folly Varden.   The showing consists of a
shear-zone  in  the  gre'enstone  formation, about 15 feet wide on the surface, carrying pyrite and a little galena in the more siliceous portions.  A
tunnel had been driven 35 feet from a
point lower down the hill, toward getting under the cropping.   I have been
later informed  that  the ore was encountered and the showing favorable.
The I>a Rose group has been worked
all summer by the owners, who have
taken out over 20 tons of high-grade
ore.   A shaft was sunk 14 feet and the
ore drifted on both wayB from it and
extracted up to tlie surface.   The ore
shipped this year from which returns
have been received amounts to 20 tons,
yielding 2 oz. gold and 5,000 oz. silver,
with also a little lead.   The last shipment, recently sent to the Trail smelter, is expected to be the best grade
I yet shipped.   A crosscut tunnel driven
eenacb, of Seattle. Considerable 1 ln from below to gain some depth on
���work has been done this year by way | the vein might make this a very proof open-cutting across the v^in in sev-1 fltable little property,
eral places. From Information thus Henderson's claims, situated on the
obtained a tunnel was started, cross*; railroad just below Spring camp, had
cutting about 30 feet to the vein and j not sufficient work done on them to
then drifting on the ore. Some very j show up anything of importance,
fine ore was disclosed in the -surface j The Central group consists of three
cuts, showing ruby and notlve silver, I claims���Central, Homeguard and Trav
and I understand that the ore drifted ' eller���owned by "Red" McKarlane and
on in the tunnel is very encouraging.   Dan Kennedy.    They are situated on
TheVanguard group, owned by Mor-| above the west bank of the river. The
mu twijuiuu e     *�����.._ ' showings consist of a number of quartz
veins, carrying pyrite, chalcopyrite,
zinc and galena, lying In sedimentary
country-rock. A little work has been
done by way of open-cuts and stripping, disclosing well-defined, rather
flat veins. The values are low, but no
depth has been obtained at any place
yet. This section of the country deserves investigation.
The Mother Lode and Silver Bar,
on the east side of the river, have had
a little surface work done, exposing a
quartz vein from 2 to 4 feet In width,
but it will take further work to prove
its value.
The Waverley, Kitty, and Maxwell
claims have been staked on a big
quartz vein which, as yet, is unpros-
pected.     .
There has been considerable activity in the Illiance River section. The
Government did a lot of work on the
trail, which was probably one of the
worst in the province, and it is now
in first-class condition up to 11-Mile.
and I understand will be completed
next year. There are a number of
small, high-grade veins in this section
that will pay the owners to work and
send the ore down by pack-horses;
therefore a first-class trail is an absolute necessity to encourage the opening up of that area.
The United Metals Mining Company
has employed from 6 to 8 men all summer and done considerable development work. A number of pack horses
was taken in early ln the spring for
packing the ore from the mine to the
beach and supplies up to the camp.
For various reasons very little ore was
brought down, but with the trail in
good condition for next season and
���lie available tonnage of ore claimed
by the management, there should fee
no further delay in shipping.
There are a number of small veins
on the property, from which small
bunches of ore have been taken from
the surface, but no persistent effort
lias been made to gain tiny depth from
which drifting could be done on these
veins. The largest and most continuous showing appears to be the one just
behind the cabin; this has been open-
cut for a length of 36 feet and has now
a face about 7 feet high, in which there
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St. John Sydney Halifax
is about 18 Inches of good ore. A
crosscut tunnel from the creek of about
150 feet would give a depth under this
vein of approximately 90 feet, and a
drift on the vein, if found at this depth,
might make the property worth something. Gophering out little hunches
of ore from here and there on the surface is useless. About 21 feet of a
tunnel towards the "Cabin vein" has
been driven, but this work was discontinued. Several vains parallel to the
"Cabin vein" would no doubt be crossed in this tunnel, and these could also
be drifted on and opened up if warranted. The property is under the
management of l>. .1. Hancock.
Silver Star Group.��� There are two
claims in this group, situated across
the Illiance River from the property
of the I'nlted Metals Mining Company.
They are now owned by Hodgson &
Hone, who had considerable work done
on the property this summer, showing
It up to very good advantage. The
vein was crosscut from a point where
It cropped Iu the face of a bluff, and
here shown to have B width of 12 feet
of line milling-grade ore, with streuVi
of very highgrade ore through it. 1 -
chief mineral Is galena, and there wu
small .bunches, velnlels, of grey copper which assay very inch in silver,
sumples itinning DP to $1,1)00 to the
ton. A drift was run from the end of
the crosscut along the hanging wull
for 20 feet, with good ore nil the way.
It was the intention to coiillniic this
drift (or 80 feet and then oroocut tha
vein again,  back  to the  foot-wall  or
towards the bluff.   This is a very pro- j
mlslng-looking property and with hand ;
sorting will no doubt produce quite a
tonnage of high-grade ore.
Monarch Group,���No more work has
been done on this property since last
reported on, other than tracing the
vein further north on the surface. This
work was done by \V. lt. Mower, one
of the owners, who spent some time
on the ground this summer. There is
an excellent surface showing on this
property, under which a tunnel has
been driven, but failed to local.' the
dowiiwurd extension of the vein. I
think Unit a little careful work from
the tunnel would pick up the vein awd
prove the property a valuable one.
' Silver Hell Group.���Work was being
done on this group by two of the owners, .Joe Hayes and VV. .1. Mrudley. The
property was thoroughly described in
the last year's report and little further has since been done.
The annual assessment work was
ilone on several other claims in this
Owing to the bonding of a number
j of  properties  on   Legate  Croek,   Increased  activity  is  look nl    for    tin
week in the Skeena district.
Consolidated M. & S. Co. declared
a 2 1-2 per ceut divident, payable on
-Inly 2nd. Total amount disbursed
is $261,936.
214 Campbell Buildin
Phom j
Address Mr     ^.^
FREDERICK J. *������
Writer of  ��� '" *  . ,nd>* I
Oil. Minim.'��������� ���'���'���''
K7SI-. n. I Saturday, July 3rd, 1920.
Supplement to Portland Canal News, Stewart, B.C.
teady shipments of high grade
[T ore from the Dolly Varden
B. the most advanced in develop-
in Alice Arm Section, have
fn world-wide attention to the
be Dolly Varden ie now held by
DrUy of the Legislature by the
Lr Mining Co., which started its
fence with a property in  which
jinn has been expended in d��-
fcimnt, and In  which there are
>il up about 40,000 tons of ore
Ipping grade, in the Dolly Var-
,i..*i(tgiug about,  v��-I  per  i,j'h,
|in the Wolf, 120,000 tons aver-
about  15   oz.  silver  per  ton.
ore .reserves  20,000  tons of
ping ore are proved up !n No. 4
of the Dolly Varden.    On the
claims there are about 430,000
f lower grade milling ore prov-
tliamond drilling.    Mining op-
Ions will be confined for the pre-
lto the extraction of the ore of
ting   gra.de,   wliich,  on   present
is of silver, ie worth approxi-
!y $1,600,000. This ore will
hipped to the smelter of the
hy Company at Anyox, where a
���able treatment rate can be se-
on account of the silica value
lux ing purposes.
railway   has   an   important
ahead of it as a freight road
Jake accessible to transportation
properties   in   the   neighbor-
It is stated that eight or nine
?rties.  in addition to the hold-
lof the Taylor Mining Company,
|n a position to furnish tonnage
railway, and most of this ore
possibly  be  smelted at  Anyox,
jnilos across the Arm from the
Varden dock.    With the open-
|of  the   Dolly   Varden    railway
will be few mining camps in
(,da so well situated forconven-
and cheap transportation of ores
ie smelter.
company's properties consist
Dolly Varden group of eight
(is and the Wolf group of four
situated 18 and 20 miles re-
lively up the Kitsault river at
poad of Alice Arm, Observatory
The company also has four
���ral claims on the waterfront at
Alice Arm on which the company's
wharf, locomative shed and main
offices are situated.
The Dolly Varden group was staked in 1912 by Ole Evindson, who
bonded the claims in 1914 to R. B.
McGinnis, of San Francisco, who also took a bond on the Wolf group
from the original locator, Donald
W. Cameron. Early in 1916 Mr. McGinnis re-bonded both properties to
the Dolly Varden Mines Co., organized under the laws of the State of
Delaware by its president, J. D.
Hubbard, of Chicago. Mr. Evindson
is now the proprietor of a modern
31-roomed hotel overlooking the,
railway and townsite at Alice Arm.
The development work carried on'
by Mr. MrGinnls and the Dolly Varden Mines Company on the Dolly
Varden property consisted of 2,08 6
feet of tunnelling and crosscuts on
four levels, 280 feet of open cuts
and 8,990 feet of diamond drilling.
Over ")00 feet of tunnelling and 4,-
000 feet of diamond drilling had
been done by Mr. McGinnis nefore
he turned the property over to the
Dolly Varden Mines Co. The work
proved up quantities of. good ore
The values were in brittle, ruby,
native and some horn silver.
Two reconnaisance parties are be
ing sent out by the Pro-'jncial Department of Mines this year undei
the sopervision of Georg-t Clothier,
district mining engineer, for the
exploring the country betw-en -lie
Unuk River and Stewart. This
country is all highly mineralized, It
being the contact between the al
luvlal  formation and the granite.
One of the parties has already
gone into the Unuk River country
and will work in a southeasterly direction meeting the other party which
will go in this week from Salmon
River and which will move over uhe
divide to the Naas slope and northwesterly along the line of contact.
The party which is gone up the
Unuk River is made up of Phil Mcdonald, (Cart, ;^hitmore and Jack
Kirkup. The other party is not announced yet.
The ground these parties will
cover has not yet been explored and
it may prove just as rich as Salmon
River and Alice Arm.
Complete  Light and Power Plants made for any
purpose and to meet all conditions.
We are the only firm in B.C.   employing    properly   qualified
mechanical and hydraulic engineers for designing and
technical work.
Reference to present users of the McKinnon Wheels will
satisfy the most exacting. .We installed the special wheels at
Squamish���the first in the Province���giving absolute satisfaction.
See 1919 report Dept, of Rys. page 12E.
On receipt of following data we will advise    as to what is required to meet your special needs:
1. Head and Quantity of Water.
2. Power Required.
3. Length of Pipe Line.
McKinnon Water Wheel
& Power Co.
672 Alexander Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Shewing location of
Royal Group of Mineral Claims
KttgaaU Dish-id ���
Alice Arm  B.C. ���
Vancouver (t�� Pnncf* Ptiperr-' 482   Miles
Prince Rupert to Anyox      _   92     .
���  3lew��tl     ..\ZS     ���
AnycW  lo CMewflrl   92
Vancouver io Alice Arm          .rj74
������ Pfibpert v.oOfello ...     *>?:���
NO need to tell you about the Dolly Vardan Mine, or the
wonderful silver deposits in the Alice Arm district of British Columbia, which bid fair to surpass the Canadian
Cobalt. Pick up your daily paper or any reliable mining
journal, and you will get all the news. But here's where
we come in, and where you may come in if you care to.
Adjoining the fabulously rich Dolly Varden mine on two sides
is the Royal Group of seven calims. One at least of the Dolly Var
den veins has been proven to cross on to claims one and two of
the Royal. This particular lead has been explored, and high assays
in silver obtained. It is not a time to temporize; action is demanded, and The McLennan Silver Mines Limited is organized
and incorporated to take over and develop these seven claims.
They are mostly explored, and high assays in silver have resulted.
Here is where the small investor has an even break���an equal
proportionate chance with the large investor. Capitalzied at $1,-
500,000; shares par at $1.00; $950,000 is held in the treasury.
The promoters have no advantage. All of the owners and prom-
moters stock is pooled and placed in the hands of a trustee. At a
few cents en the dollar you can get in on this proposition. We ask
you to investigate. Full information, maps and photographs of the
district will be cheerfully furnished upon request. Send no money
till you are satisfied, but do not delay if you are interested.
618 Standard Bank Building, Vancouver, B.C. BEAR RIVER SECTION
his examination of the mineral
showings in Bear River section the
division engineer lor the Provincial
Government gives more than a hint
ot the activity he expects to take
place here.
Mr. Clothier says:
Several options have been taken on
properties in the Bear River valley,
on which work will be commenced as
early In the spring as possible.
The Prince John group consists of
nine claims and,is owned by Jas. Nesbitt and Andy Archie. The property
is situated about five miles up the
valley from Stewart, on the west bank
of Bear River. There is a big body of
low-grade copper ore lying in slate
which has been exposed by a crosscut
tunnel. No further work has been
done on this since the last yearly report.
At the time of my visit to the property the owners were doing some surface stripping on another parallel vein
down the hill from the big showing.
Only a few shots had been pift in it,
but it appeared to be a strong quartz
vein, well mineralized with pyrite and
showing some chalcopyrite. 1 consider
this property well worth investigation
as a low-grade copper proposition.
Bayview Claims. ��� There are two
claims of this name���Bayview No. 1,
and Bayview No.2���situated just above
the town of Stewart at an elevation of
about 4,000 feet. They are owned by
Geo. Cameron and W. C. Cameron, of
Stewart. A couple of small open-cuts
disclose a small quartz vein carrying
galena and grey-copper, making high-
grade ore in places. The property has
been bonded this fall to Everett interests, who will open it up in the spring.
George CopperMines.���This property consists of 10 claims owned by the
George Bros, and situated on the south
bank of Bear River, about six miles
from the upper terminus of the Portland Canal Short Line Railway. This
year's work was all done on the "Blue
vein" in open-cutting and stripping.
The work has proved it to be better
than the surface would indicate, and it
now gives promise of developing into
a big vein of good-grade copper ore.
It is a big, property with so many
places that should be opened up that
the yearly work done by the owners
does not make much of a showing. The
"White vein," wherever broken into,
shows a good width of solid chalcopyrite ore, 8 feet in a couple of places,
and since it has been traced for 2,000
feet on the surface it alone has the
possibilities of a big mine.
The tunnel being driven under the
big ore-zone was extended another five
feet this year, and the face now looks
better than ever .before, showing
seams of solid pyrite, with considerable magnetite and haematite, all carrying traces of chalcopyrite. Altogether the property shows an improvement over last year and credit is due
the owners for the amount of work
I have just received information that
the property has been recently bonded, and that the bond calls for extensive development-work to be started
in the spring as soon as weather conditions will permit. If adequate capital is forthcoming to open up this property on the scale it demands, I look
for it to become one of the big copper producers of the province.
The Red Top group, consisting of
14 claims owned by J. McNeill and J.
J. Conners, is situated on the north
side of Bear River about opposite the
George mines.   There is a fair trail to
the camp breaking off the main Bear-
Nass River trail at a point about half
a mile beyond the bridge that crosses
the Bear River above the George cabin.    From that point it is about two
miles and half to the property.    The
first showing is at an elevation ot 2550
feet, opened up by an open-cut giving
a face about 15 feet high and showing a width of 15 feet of mineralized,
decomposed, and broken-up slaty-looking material.    The vein strikes  east
and west into the hill and dips about
60  degrees  north.    The   hanging-wall
is well defined and is a coarse-grained
igneous rock.   At an elevation of 2600
feet further stripping and open-cutting
has been done, and the vein has been
pretty   thoroughly   stripped   between
the two cuts.    Beyond the second cut
a great deal of surface work has been
done which has succeeded in getting
through the heavily oxidized  surface
in a few places, exposing bands and
bunches   of   quartz   well   mineralized
with chalcopyrite.   There does not appear to be any definite strike to the
mineralization  in  these  upper  exposures.   The property was bonded some
time ago, but no work was done on it
this year.
The old Lucky Frenchman group,
beyond the Red Top claims, on which
work of sumo extent was done in
early days and had since lapsed, has
been restaked this summer.
Mountain Boy Grqjip.���This group
of mineral claims includes the Mountain Boy, American Girt, Northern
Belle, and Hard Money, situated on
tie west side of American Creek,
about five miles from the end of the
rallriad at the Red Cliff. The camp is
at au elevation of 1200 feet on a small
hill or "island" in the middle of the
valley. The tunnel is at an elevation
of 2000 feet, reached by a switchback
trail from the camp. There is a good
trail from the main Bear River wagon
road to the Mountain Boy cabin, but it
has been little used for the past few
years and is badly overgrown. A few
hundred dollars would put it in good
repair again.
The country-rock is a reddish-coloured, medium-grained porphyry, probably red andesite. The vein on the
surface is well defined, with a width
of from 16 to 18 feet, and consists of
quartz and calcite heavily mineralized
with zinc, and some galena. It has a
strike at the portal of the tunnel of
about S. 50 o W. into the hill and dips
at an angle of from 50 to 60 degrees
south-east. The tunnel followed the
vein for about 30 feet from the portal, when it ran off into the foot-wall;
it was then turned to the left and enters the vein at about 60 feet beyond.
At this point a crosscut to the left
shows the ore to be 28 feet wide. A
peculiar feature is seen in the tunnel
where numerous intrusions of country-
rock cut the vein, leaving open crevices and cracks running in all directions. This condition does not appear
to disturb the vein to any extent, as
is seen in its continuation in the crosscut just mentioned. I did not have
time to sample the ore, but the vein
is a big, well-defined one and an immense tonnage could be developed if
the values were sufficient for mill-
feed. Not being familiar with the property, this was the only workings I
saw, but I understand that there is a
tunnel on the Hard Money claim showing about 10 feet of the same class of
ore, and another showing on the Northern Belle claim about 18 feet wide.
I consider this property well worth a
thorough examination.
The Independent group is owned by
Sam and Jack Fitzgerald, of Stewart,
and comprises six claims���Independent and Independent Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4,
and 5. The group is situated at the
head of Goose Creek, on the Bear River slope, and is reached by trail from
the railroad up Goose Creek to the
camp, at an elevaUon of 2700 feet. An
open-cut at 3300 feet elevation exposes
a vein having a width of 14 feet, striking N. 75�� W. and dipping at 65 degrees to the south. In the centre of
this 14 feet there is 4V4 feet pt heavily pyritized siliceous rock also carrying some galena and zinc, in which
the principal values are in silver, with
a little gold. Along one side of this
quartz portion of the vein is a small
basic dyke about a foot wide, while on
both sides of the quartz and dyke is a
somewhat less siliceous, dioritic-look-
ing rock heavily pyritized and containing bands and veinlets of quartz. Another cut 50 feet south of this shows
silicification with pyrite and chalcopyrite ; the intervening rock is too heavily overburdened to be examined. The
owners claim that it again crops 1000
feet farther up the hill. No samples
were taken. The property is under
option to Mr. Meloehe.
Jutland Group.���This group is comprised of two claims���Jutland No. 2
and Jutland No. 3���and is owned by
Cowan;   Watkins    &    Mclnnis.    The
group is situated at the head of the
north fork of Bitter Creek, 17 miles
from Stewart and nine miles from the
railroad at the mouth of Bitter Creek,
being two miles and a half from the
Roosevelt group at the forks of .Bitter
Creek v   There has been a good trail
up Bitter Creek as far as the Roosevelt, but it is in places in need of repair's.   From the Roosevelt the owners
of the Jutland group last summer put
in a foot-trail to their camp.   A good
route and grade was selected for this
and it could easily be improved into a
horse-trail.    The camp is at the foot
of the glacier at an elevation of 2300
feet.    On the right-hand side of the
glacier, at an elevation of 3200 feet,
there is a showing of quartz and decomposed   material   about   18   inches
wide,  in which  there is  a streak  of
high-grade galena ore up to 8  inches
wide, the best of which gives assays
of over 200 oz. silver to the ton. There
is considerable grey-copper in this galena, which accounts for the high values in silver.    Enough work has not
been   done   here   to,  show    anything.
Farther along the glacier, on the same
side,   is  another  small  vein   of  high-
grade lying 6n the foot-wah of a band
of  schistose slaty  rock  which  is  enclosed   in   the   andesite   country-rock.
No work has been done on it.
Tlie St. Klmo group, owned by the
same men, has four claims���St Elmo,
St. Elmo No. 2, St. Elmo No. 3, and St.
Elmo No. 4. These are si!��iated on
the opposite or west side of the glacier
and have showings of the same class
of high-grade ore^as the Jutland claims.
The formation in this immediate section appears to be badly twisted and
folded andesite, in'which fan be seen
intrusions of other igneous rocks and
enclosures of small bands and bunches
of sedimeutaries. These small veins,
when opened up, may produce high-
grade ore in sufficient quantities to
make them* profitable for small operations.
The Gibson group consists of four
claims, owned by H. D. Gibson and
partners and is situated south of the
Portland Canal Mining Company's.
claim** on the Bear Hiver slope. The
first showing on these claims is at an
elevation of 3900 feet, whore tha cropping shows a vein about ti feet wide
of   heavily  oxidized  and  decomposed
I   trimtiiit.L.
3 rt.y/l.wtrif
4 Ruft, -fr.o,,,^
1 L ��>����.���� i,
*m**i ttmputm
9 3wr?���,r/i_j
"> RU T.o if
a Zmf*ntDm��$l(f   m
i * e^t'omi,,     r
iS Minmrmt Hilltf
'C BifflitiimrHf
il Hmrtml.im
i* *9 G.
if Yii/.w,:.,^
1$ RmjR.Hit
11    Sound... j;
l *   . mlimm ** -ii",,,
Sctvle of Mi I* 3
Mineral Area that is Attracting the Mining  World
quartz, in which are remaining ribs
of quartz carrying pyrite, galena and
zinc-blende. No work has been done,
but, from the width of the vein and
the mineralization, I should judge that
it would be well worth while to get a
little depth on it. The rock formation
is argillite. About 400 feet east of
this and a little lower down the hill is
another vein of the same character.
Still farther east is a big cropping of
hard, flinty quartz mineralized with
arsenopyrite, in which a couple of
open-cuts have been driven Fair gold
values are reported from this vein.
The Sunshine group is situated on
the north side of the north fork of Glacier Creek. There are three claims in
the group���Sunshine, owned by Godfrey Anderson; Sunshine No. 1, owned
by Fred Young; and Morning Star,
owned by Dan Woodmore. They are
about five miles by a good trail from
the railroad at the Portland Canal
Mining Company's siding. About a
mile of tramway would land ore at
the bridge on the Hen Holt trail, about
three miles from the railroad siding.
The cabin on the claims is at an elevation of 3200 feet, or about 200 feet
above the shore-line of tho glacier.
There is plenty of timber for all purposes and ample water-power could be
developed in Glacier Creek ju��t below
the glacier. The rock formation is of
igneous origin, probably a greenish-
coloured andesite, in which are intrusions of other igneous rooka and;belts
of urgillite.
There are four oi live veins on tho
propei ty; two high-grade silver \cins
just below the cabin near the glacier,
striking N. 30 \V. or nearly parallel
with the glacier, and one Quarts vein
mineralized with pyrite and obalcopy-
rite on the Sunshine claim. On the
Morning Star are two more quartz
veins also mineralized with pyrite and
chalcopyrite. A few tons of high-grade
shipping-ore was taken from tlie two
small veins, but they are unimportant, since there is no chance for any
appreciable tonnage.
The pyritized quart! vein on the
Eiuir-hini: claim has been eXDOMd In
one place above the cabin by a few
shots put in on the surface, showing
the vein at this point to be at least 3
feet wide of chalcopyrite ore that will
assay about 6 per cent, copper. Below the cabin lt has been broken into
in several places, the upper of these
showings being about 8 feet wide, in
which there Is about 3 feet that will
assay 10 per cent, copper. This is a
fine showing of ore and deserving of
more work. Below this there are
bunches of ore scattered across a
width of 100 feet, indicating that the
vein is broken up into stringers.
On the Morning Star claim another
well-defined vein strikes N. 40�� E. and
dips at 40 degrees to the soutlr-east. lt
is exposed tor some distance on the
sloping side of a ridge, and above that
appears to lie under a belt of dlorite.
A depth of 3 feet has been obtained
on it at one point, showing a well-
mineralized width of 2 feet on the
hanging-wall of pyritized quarts and
calcite carrying considerable chalcopyrite: the balance is not so well mineralized. This is a big, strong vein,
and deserves opening up.
Another big vein of quartz has been
found lower down the hill; it si likes
at right angles to the one lust mentioned and is aboul 14 feet wide, but
seemingly of lower grade than the
other. This is a good-looking property
for air-' one wantin/r copper.
L, K I,, Croup.���This lies on the op-
pesite side of the glacier from the
&unshine group anil Is owned by Jack
i/'ckwood and partner, It consists of
three claims I,. &. I,. N'o. 1, L. & L,
No. 2, and Marion Krae. There is a
first-class horse-trail to the property,
breaking off the Ben Bolt trail. Tho
| showing consists of a quartz vein of
from a few inches Up to 4 feet in
width, lying in nn igneous rock formation. The vein has been stripped at.
intervals for a distance of 300 feet or
more on the surface from the portal
of the tunnel. There is very little ore
in the first 1 r.O feet, hut from that
point, BO fur SB opened up, a nu,- ore-
Bfl-QOl has been exposed.    A tunnel has
been driven about 18G feel on ths vein,
which shows the same to the tunnel
as on  the surface, except  thai   ii   ha i
Siot been driven fa* enough to catch
I tho   C-re-shOOt.     This   shoot   uo  doubt
rakes into the hill a little, so that the
tunnel will have to be driven beyond
a point vertically under the beginning
of the shoot. The ore Is galena and
zinc carrying high silver values contained in grey-copper. A ton of ore
sorted and shipped a few years ago
assayed 273 oz. in silver to the ton.
The Evening Sun and Columbia-
claims are located on the middle fork
of Glacier Creek, on the trail up to the
Ij. & L. group, and are owned by W.
W. Rush. These are old locations and
have had considerable work done on
them. A few tons of ore has been
shipped in past years, taken principally  from  surface croppings.
At an elevation of 2500 feet on the
Evening Sun claim a tunnel has been
driven about 90 feet on a well-defined
vein standing vertically and striking
into the hill at N. 30 E. Some high-
grade ore was extracted from an open-
cut about 30 feet above this tunnel,
but apparently It was a surface shoot,
as the tunnel has not found lt yet.
The vein appears to be an altered
country-rock oi igneous origin, with
more or less siderite on the walls,
through which are small veinlets and
bunches of antimony and zinc sulphides carrying, in places, grey copper
with consequent high silver-- values.
Across the gulch, on the Columbia
claim, what appears u> be the continual ion of this vein has also hud some
work done on it and some ore taken
from the surface, Tunnels run under
these high-grade croppings have prov
en them to he small lenticular bodies.
The Excelsior and ICaglo claims,
owned by A. Hoggs, are situated on the
top of the ridge between the middle
and south forks of Glacier Creek.
They are reached hy a prospector's
trail from Rush's cabin on the south
link. The predominant formation is
Igneous rock, cut by many dykes running In a north-west and southeast
direct ion, and has been hinlly fraetur
ed Judging rroin the network of small
quarts veins seen everywhere, Btrlk*
111    Hum N, 20    D, to N. .",(( i  K.Aue a
number ol small  veins of light-grey
rock throughout  which are small vein
1 antimony, zinc, and grey-copper
Ore,  while,  as u  rule, ahmg  one  wall
there will  be from I ">
siderite and quartz raffllM
r in grey-copW
and more a& ]
the main veins'
i. strikes
: :,o Attn"��*)
lies in Blivi
tie galena
up to 6 fi
dips at al"
west ThiH has been
several place showing!
Streak o. i i wll ': : j
Inches In �� Jth &ceJJ
ore could probably ���* ��������
make it profitable If tWi
from  the Ih i Bolt WM
the hill.
The Lai
is situati ti
trier  cic
��� u   srr.UP 0'*l
.,:, ih.- ni-rti-*!
The |t-oP��PJ
ell        ^^
men is w
perty   hm<i
Harris.   ��
bond  to Potter, Welsh*!
the  line I  lrl|'":"   j
ha.l been
In   Ihl ,     ���.:
���l.itiu* all ���
,.,-T   ,N    .,V..KK"^"lS1
IT Witt I"
A   we
Ht"v;:,r       ,:,*>���*
jre -1
pactar ti
can   to
who   an
alone 'p9U,��M
have o ���
tog to
"My a.ivi"'"'th ;..
got  tn   '
111**!      ll
i 11 j-i *-"
���Thai *'���
and l""lE'
il   this
the Saturday, July 3rd, 1920.
Supplement to Portland Canal News, Stewart, B.C.
���me Views  of District   Between   Groundhog   Mountain   and Stewart
Distingay Mountain in the Distance
Gardneau Seam.
lennett Seam
Merry Creek.
Mouth of Bernies Creek.
ClatrYaz Lake, Back of Stewart.
Scott Seam, Ten Feet, Groundhog Mountain Coalfields,
Croquette Seam, Groundhog Mountain Coalfield] 16
Supplement to Portland Canal News, Stewart, B.C.
Saturday, July 3^ ^
Mineral Production for Two Yea rs, 1918-19.
Gold, placer	
Gold, lode oz
Total gold
Silver   oz,
Lead   lb.
Copper    lb.
Zinc    lb.
Total metalliferous
Coal  tons, 2,240 lb
Coke tons, 2,240 lb.!
Total collieries 	
Miscellaneous & building material!
Total production  	
Production, 1918.
$ 1,038,202
Estimated Pro duction, 1919.
$ 850,000
$ 33,500
With reference to present conditions and the
outlook it is interesting to quote two of the introductory paragraphs of the "Preliminary Review
& Estimate, 1919," as follows:
"This decrease in production, as compared
with the preceding year, loses its adverse significance when it is considered that the 1919 production
is still materially greater than that of any year
prior to 1916, and that the larger proportions of the
years 1916-17-18 are due to the stimulus of war and
the inflated metal prices attendant thereon.
"So that any feeling of regret at this year's
output being less than that of the previous three
years is completely obliterated by the consideration
nf the removal of the cause of the abnormal outputs
of these three years���the war���and it becomes a
matter of congratulation that, with the return of
something approaching normal conditions, we
should still find this year's mineral-output showing
a very material increase over those of former nor
mal years"
Possessing a storehouse of mineral wealth
Which as yet is scarcely touched British Columbia
is assured.a future of wonderful industrial expansion and upon the shoulders of the prospector and
the miner, to a large extent, rests the responsibility
of hastening the realization of this development.
Dealing with the possibilities of the North-
westJDistrict of the Province, Mr. George Clothier,
Resident Engineer, with headquarters at Prince
Rupert, says:
"It has been pointed out in former reports that
this district has many natural advantages and all
the favourable geological features for prospecting
and mine-operating. I would, however, like to
again call the attention of the prospector to the immense field dp'-n to him along the coast, on the islands, and from the head lof Portland Canal north,
along the eastern contact of the Coast granite with
<.he Interior sedimentaries, to the Stikine river, and
north of that, on the same belt, through to the
Atlin country. .The coast and islands, as can readily be seen on the map, are easily accessible at any
point. The "eastern contact belt," from the head
of Portland Canal north, gives great promise of be-
cotmlg "sFgreat mineral-producing area, judging
from those portions of it that have been developed
to any extent���the Salmon and Bear Rivers sections., the Anyox section, and the Alice Arm section. The southern portion of this belt is reached
from 9tewart, B.C., either by way of the Salmon
River valley over the Salmon River glacier or the
Long Lake glacier, or by way of the Bear River
vallev over the Bear River divide on the Bear-Mass
trial, which 'extends through  to Meziadin  lake. Dealing specifically with the Portland Canal
The northern portion is accessible by way of the Mining Division Mr. Clothier says:
Stikine river, on which the Barrington Transporta- "This Division has had a year of unprecedented
tion Cotrtpany runs a weekly boat from Wrangell activity and progress, and, with  the start it has
to Telegraph Creek, commencing about May 15th. mnde this summer, even greater results may be cx-
,     _ .. . pected for next vear.   The majority of the older and
All that part of the country alone; the Stikine, .      ...        :.���...   . .
-\ .. f ,    -->      j better-known prospects were bonded last winter or
from" a point about seven miles up from the Bound- ,    ,,. , _ ^    fc   . ..    .f���.
1 ���v        .     .        ,. verv early this spring, and on account of tne latc-
ary or where the Iskut rtver   flows   in   from the ���    , ./ ,     . . . .. ���.
���   " .     ���".,_, ���     .     .   ,       ,. lU ness of the season in this section no supplies could
south, to the Clearwater, flowing in from the north, -       .       ���    . .
'            -       .                    .s                       ,. be taken in until in Tune, and in some cases it was
should be as good a prospecting country as there _ 7-    , ; ,
.    .      ,     ���     .          xt     ,    �����         .1     c- -, ���      a Tulv before any work could be started; consequent-
is in the Province.    North from the Stikine the ;;    ���                /                        .
:                  .         .    .,    r            ��� ,         .         .. Iv the amount of work done in this, the first vear.
Clearwater is navigable for small boats by poling ���                                              '
....      . ,��,..-..       -i      ., 1- has been comparatively small, bu tverv encoura^-
acd lining for probably thirty miles, thus making . \ ....... ���. . '.
... .,,       , . , .1 ���      ���       ..    . u u i��g-    As conditions permitted, examinations were
fairly accessible a big area of this mineralized belt. ���. r        .
r.    \    i ��    r-.-i ���     .1    t -   .   ���      ��� ui   t rr.ade t>f other prospects, with the result that manv
South of the Stikine the Iskut river is navigable for -      ' ��� ;
,,,.,,���, .   11 ���   it were optioned and, where possible, work started
forty miles paralleling the Coast range and all in the .,     ..' '      .    ,   , . .
..    \ '     . . ..%      .. ......     ,   .    .���. Also there was a great deal of prospecting done and
"eastern contact belt,   making an additional stretch ��� ... .    . .    , . .L
, , .. 1. j      j _ xj many new finds made that will be investigated the
of country easily reached  and never prospected. . .... ���-
_,    ,     .    , ..    TT   ,    . ,. ,  ,      t coming year, all ipointin'to a vear of extraordinary
The head of the Unuk river, which has for years . : ��� '     '      ��"*       h '
, ; .. .        \ .    . . activity in 1920.
been known to carry high-grade minerals, is accessi- ;  . .... ,
... , ..   .   .       ,      ���., ,.     .   .     '   ������  Work was carried on al   summer on the road
We by way of that river for small boats by poling . ,    ���      , .     ��� . .-���   .., ,
, .. . from the beach to   the Premier mine and will be
completed next year by the Alaska Government into
In all probability prospectors' trails will be put a fir%t-class wagon-road to the Boundary. This
jnto that belt this coming year by the Government road will in all probability be continued by the
from the Stikine and Iskut rivers south, following Provincial Government as a tsleigh-road to the head
tbe South branch of the Tskut, north from some of the Salmon River valley and improved from
point on the BearNass trail over the Bear river year to year into a good highway. A road has also
divide, and over the Salmon River and Long Lake been built by the Provincial Government connecf
g-acierS, thus assuring definite and serviceable ing this Salmon River road with Stewart, so that
routes to facilitate the prospector in his work of there is now direct road communication from Stew-
extending the known mineral producing area." 3rt to the Premier mine."
A list of fees payable under the Mining Laws of the Province :
Individual free Miner's certificate  $ 5 00
Company free miner's certificate (capital $100,000 or less) 50.00
Company free miner's certificate (capital, over $100,000).. 100.00
Recording mineral or placer claim ,.      2 50
Recording  certificate  of   work,  mineral claim   2.50
Record of placer claim ,  -> cq
Recording lay-over    2 SO
'Recording abandonment, mineral claim     10qq
���   Recording abandonment, placer claim   o 50
Recording any affidavit under three folios   2 50
Per folio, over three, in addition  " ^n
Record in "Record of Conveyances," ,sa.me as affidavits.'
Filing documents   , _ , ���
For Crown grant of mineral rights under "Mineral Act" . . 25 00
For Crown grant of surface rights of mineral claim under
"Mineral Act"  ln0f)
Rof   every   lease   under  "Plncermining Act" ......'..' 5 00
Detailed  information  may  be  obtained  from any of the Gold  Commissioners and  Mining Recorders res.dent in different parts of the Province or by addressing the Minister of Mines,
Victoria, B.C.


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