BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

Cascade Record Feb 10, 1900

Item Metadata


JSON: cascade-1.0067547.json
JSON-LD: cascade-1.0067547-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): cascade-1.0067547-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: cascade-1.0067547-rdf.json
Turtle: cascade-1.0067547-turtle.txt
N-Triples: cascade-1.0067547-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: cascade-1.0067547-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array C���41 '
Published In the Interests of the Boundary and Christina Lake  Mining Districts
Vol. II.
CASCADE, B. C,   FEBRUARY 10, 1900.
No. 14.
The Rapid Development of the Principle in England.
City After City Buying Up das and Electric
Light Plants and Street Railways���Why
Not Put Fat Dividends in Public Purse?
Socialism is no longer confined
to the mouldings of long-haired
men aud short-haired women, as
the following, clipped from the
Nelson Tribune, goes to show:
The development of the principle
of municipal ownership of public
utilities grows apace in England.
City after fity, attracted by the
profitable example of Birmingham,
is buying up gas and electrtc light
plants and street railways as fast
as their leases to private corporations expire. The people are awake
to the fact that the fat dividends
earned by these private corporations represent just so much money
that might have, under judicious
management, gone partly into their
individual purses and partly into
the municipal purse.
Manchester, one of the richest
and biggest manufacturing cities in
the kingdom, quite recently determined that private ownership of
public utilities shall no longer continue and that what of profit there
may be in furnishing light, water
and transportation to the people
shall go into the public purse instead of insatiable private pockets.
Wherefore the city authorities have
decided to buy up all the present
street car lines, build new lines and
extentions of old ones, equip them
electrically, and manage them for
the general municipal good.
The Manchester project has been
talked of and debated for many
years; in fact ever since the authorities of "Joe" Chamberlain's town,
Birmingham, demonstrated that
municipal ownership wan a profit
able practicability and not a socialistic dream. There is a great deal
of hustle of the American sort in
Manchester, and so when last year
the matter of municipal ownership
was again resurrected the members
of the municipal council backed by
the press and the people, took hold
of the proposition and pushed it
through rapidly.
They did not proceed without op
position, however, for the corporations owning the street railway
franchises fought vigorously for the
extension of their valuable franchises. They made all sorts of
ofiers in the way of reductions of
fares, better service and increased
remuneration for franchises, but
the council was obdurate. Finally
the companies offered to pay into
the city treasury twice the sum of
money they had paid heretofore,
but even tbat bait was not alluring
and they had to relinquish their
coveted franchise from which they
had made large sums of money.
As the lines under city ownership
and management tire to be operated electrically, a huge power house
is to be built. The surplus current
will be used for lighting thestreets;
and, in time, it is hoped the city
will be enabled to provide current
for house and simp illumination
and for power purposes.
While municipal ownership is
being adopted rapidly by all the
cities and towns in England, there
is also to be noted a drift toward
measures of legislation that are in
their essence pure socialism; measures that would make the average
Canadian or American of substance
rise up and emit loud cries of
"Anarchy." Yet conservative old
England accepts them without
arousing the voice of demagogue to
futile oratory. The leader in pronouncing this class of radical legislation is curiously enough, Joseph
Chamberlain, the conservative secretary for the colonies in a cabinet
that is ultra-Tory to the backbone.
It was Chamberlain, who in the
hustings of '95 advocated a law under which employees injured in the
performance of their work could
bold their employers for damages.
All the corporations and employers
of labor in the kingdom fought the
measure bitterly.
Chamberlain was denounced as a
socialist and anarchist and a menace to that venerable old bulwark
of greed, "vested rights." Nevertheless, the measure was enacted
into law and has been found beneficial to all concerned���particularly
the workman.
Not content with this measure
and braving the taunts of "socialist 1" and "anarchist 1" Chamberlain ventured even further into the
domain of sheer socialism. He engineered through the ministry and
through pnrlaiment an act the object of which is to enable a working man to obtain public funds to
aid him to purchase his modest
little home. The law is known as
the "Small dwelling Acquisition
Act." It iB not mandatory upon
city ami county governments but
may be adopted by them if they see
fit) and a surprising large number
of them are seeing fit.
This law enables any municipal
or county government to advance
to any citizen within its jurisdiction
applying therefor a sum of money
sufficient to enable him to purchase
outright and own the house in
which he dwells. Of course the law
provides sufficient checks and safe
guards against fraud. It provides
for the advance of four-fifths of the
appraised market value of a dwelling, and restricts the advance to a
maximum of $15,00. Upon houses
worth more than $2000 no advance
can be made. The money thus advanced to the ambitious working-
man or clerk to be repaid within
thirty years, the city, of course,
taking up a mortgage to protect itself. The rate of interest on the
loan is carefully prescribed and is
never to be more than one-half per
cent above the rate at which the
city itself borrows the money. The
law also prohibits a man borrowing
funds if he is already the owner of
a house; it also prescribes that he
shall occupy the house and not rent
it. In essence, the act really establishes a government building association.
As an example of the progress of
the government in England this
is a singularly appropriate one.
It may be followed up by the passage of an old age pension act.
Development Work 01 the Mystery aid
Avon Progressing.
Superintendent St Clair Writes that the Ave*
Tunnel is |ln 75 Feet-Su.pt. Thompson
Reports Mystery Tnnnel in 126 Feet
Thirty-six Claims Located Around the Dayton,
a New Discovery Assaying High.
A dispatch from Greenwood to
the Spokesman-Review, states that
James Kerr, of the firm of Mcln-
tire, McDonnell & Co., for himself
and five other local mining operators, including Pat Welch of Spokane, bonded the Dayton claim in
the east end of'Camp McKinney
for $54,000, and made a substantial
payment, one day last week. The
second payment is to be made in
60 days, and the balance extends
over a period of nine months. Work
will be started Monday with a force
of 10 men. Supplies are to be sent
up from here to-morrow.
The Dayton is a recent discovery
and has little def^foppent Mripeak
of. It has a big ledge of oxidized
quartz carrying free gold and is extremely rich. Assays go into the
On account of the fine showing 36
other claims have been located
around the Dayton. It was the
most sensational discovery in the
history of the camp. Not sufficient
work has been done to determine
the width of the ledge. The owners are Hughie Cameron, Charles
Hamilton, William Younkin, of
Camp McKinney and Harry Mc-
Quaig of Greenwc-od.
Last Saturday morning there
were two inches of snow in the
streets of London, England.
Superintendent Thompson, says
the Rossland Miner, has writen to
E. N. Ouimette to the effect that
the tunnel on the Mystery in the
Burnt Basin section, is in for a distance of 126$ feet. The character
of the formation being passed
through is improving, and it is
thought the ledge is not far away.
Superintendent St. Clair, who is
in charge of the work on the Avon
in Burnt Basin, reports that the
development work on that property
is making good headway, as the
tunnel was driven a distance of 24
feet last month, and is now in 75
feet. It is expected that thr fl��T*
ledge will be encountered this
month. As there are nine ledges
on the property, they will be crosscut in the next few months. Then
the full value of the property will
be known.
In Phoenix camp the citizens are-
enthused over the fact that the control of the Grey Eagle, Banner,
Tiptop and Triangle has passed to
Jay P. Graves of Spokane and eastern Canadian associates. These
claims adjoin and surround the
Old Ironsides and Knob Hill mines;
and exploration work on these two
has proved that the ledges pass
through this new ground. Mr.
Graves has completed the formation
of a company in Montreal to acquire
the group, which will also be developed on a large scale, adding
quite a payroll to Phoenix. The
new 40-driil compressor ordered by
him is to be used jointly by all the
properties in Greenwood camp
under his control.
Recipe tor Making Boers.
Max O'Rell's recipe for "making
a Boer" iB worth recalling just now,
though one fur making dead Boers
would command greater Attention
at the British war office. Here's
the recipe : Take all that is dirtiest,
bravest, most old fashioned and
most obstinate in a Breton; all that
is most suspicious, sly and mean in
a Norman; all that is shrewdest,
most hospitable, most Puritan and
most bigoted in a Scot���mix well,
stir and serve, and you will have a
Boer, or, if you will, a boor. THE   CASCADE   RECORD
Fehruny 10, 1100
The Local paper Has a Few Virtues Along
Its Many Faults.
Through Which the World Looks Into Your
Town and Neighborhood���Don't   Be
Clam���Qlve It a Friendly Welcome.
THE WORLD ITS AUDIENCE 'rt'VJA1" pre?U9 ra?a,s
m, m4      v ��W ����w ^v*-mB4nw^ have been laid hare and pierced  at
various depths, exposing fabulous
mineral wealth, which is being extracted with all the push and determination that capital and labor
can command. All over this
section of country thriving and
populous towns and cities are raising their spires and domes skyward. Churches, school sand great
business marts are being established, and thousands of people are
hurrying across the ocean, the continent, coming from the States,
and from other Provinces to this to
participate in our labors and the
rich result thereof.   As time goes
The time was when the country
newspaper was as highly appreciated and of a�� much importance on
its heath as the city journal in its
sphere. Conditions have changed.
Rapid transit, the wonderful development of "the art preservative" in
populous centers by new inventions
and greater ambitions, ihe improved facilities for gathering the news
and distributing their publications
has enabled the city journalists to
so encroach upon and circumscribe the field of the country
publisher his support is confined
almost wholly to the community
and immediate surroundings in
which he labors. His income is
thus limited, but his influence for
local gain is not lessened. The
publisher labors on patiently, and
while he writes and prints, though
its diction and classical elegance
may not sparkle with literary worth
his pspcr 'ha* influence aTTiome
and abroad. It goes out to all the
world and is read everywhere either
in ks original form, or in its dissected parts as they appear in other
publications. People many thousands of miles away learn of the
town and commuity where it is
printed to the latter's great benefit
and upbuilding.
Yet, despite these important facts,
few people, as a rule, give their
local paper the credit it deserves.
Below we reprint a portion of an
article which appeared in The
Record Nov. 18th last. It was
copied from these columns by the
Northwest Magazine, published in
St. Paul, Minnesota. It is one instance of hundreds occurring every
month. Outside of the little grist
of local news the paper may carry,
the impression it conveys to the
great reading public, is wherein
lies its true worth.
It is the open window through
which the world looks in upon the
community and its people. Following is the clipping from this
paper which was printed in the
Northwest Magazine, a high-class
publication, with an ocean-to-ocean
The Cascade (B. C.) Record
says: "The development and
growth of the mining interests in
this Province the past year or two
has been of a most remarkable and
surprising character. Places that
were almost solely occupied by the
animals and fowls peculiar to the
locality then, have given place to
roan and his incessant enterprise
and activity. Here and there and
everywhere ledges  carrying   vast
on, new discoveries are made and
new capital is at hand waiting for
profitable employment. New railways, wagon-roads, and trails are
being constructed, and viewing the
phenomenal progress of the past
year, what may we not expect for
the year to come, since the impetus
of past successes and growth has
added to our courage and strength ?
The First Thought Claim Yields Ore Assay
.  Ing from $60 to $400.
The Rossland Miner of Feb. 2,
has the following relative to the
First Thought claim, which has
heretofore been referred to in these
columns, the same being located
near Pierre Lake seven or eight
miles in a direct line from Cascade:
About a year since Messrs. P.
Burns and Blake Wilson took held
of a claim on the Colville Indian
Reservation, which iB located 16
miles west of Bossburg and between
that place and Cascade City. There
was a large surface showing on the
property and since that time considerable work has been done.
Among this was a shaft, which has
been sunk to a depth of 100 feet.
At this deph a large ore shoot has
been met and assays show that the
ore runs from $60 to $400 to the
ton. The ore is identical with that
found in Republic camp.and particularly in the Republic mine. It
can be reduced by the cyaniding
process. The lucky owners of this
property are to be congratulated, as
it seems certain that they have in
this property one that should make
a valuable mine.
W. H. Jeffery has been appointed mining engineer of the Canadian
Gold Fields syndicate.
The smelting rates at the North-
port smelter have been cut down
from $8 to $4.50 per ton.
A $2,000 gold brick was the result of the last clean-up of the
Waterloo mine, in Camp McKinney.
Mr. Geo. Sumner of Montreal
has been elected president of the
Canadian Gold Fields syndicate,
and J. C. Drewry re-elected managing director.
The War Eagle and Center Star,
in Rossland camp, have closed
down. These mines, it appears,
got into a bad mix-up with imperfect and inadequate machinery.
Only a few men will be kept on
construction and development
work until the machinery difficulty
is overcome.
Syndicate, Ltd.,
Is according to Original
Arrangements to be
Re-organized in March
To this end instructions have
been given to
This will give Miners, Prospectors, Householders, Hotel-
keepers and Visitors the best
trading opportunities they
ever had or are likely to have.
Goods can be bought at the
following extraordinary rates:
Flour, $1.50 per Sack
Sugar, 14 lbs. for $i
Overalls, 65 cents
Gloves, 50 cents
Uuderwear, $1.25 a Suit.
Boots, $1.00 to $2.00 per
pair Reduction
German Socks 70c a Pair
Ladies' Kid Gloves,
Fownes, $ 1.00
Flannellette, 3 yds for 25c
And everything else in our big
and varied stock at equally
low prices.
Friends out of town can secure a share of these bargains
by remitting cash with order,
and utilizing express or parcel
post facilties.
N. B. It must be particularly
noted that we cannot guarantee
continuance of above rates one
single day after re-organization.
The B. C. Mercantile and Mining
Syndicate, Ltd,
Long distance 'phone in connection.       Assay prices as usual,
IttltltltltltimiWititWIIIU^It^KKlrKKI^ IWKaUe��ttttW>3CttKlt>l>l*tKHtMonr.i
UU��1" I '
.������*��. February 10,1900
��� *
The coming Commercial, Industrial and Mining Centre of East Tale.
The Gateway City
Of the Kettle River, Boundary
Creek and Christina Lake Countries.
A Magnificent Water Power of 20,000 Horse Power.
The center of a marvellously RICH MINERAL DISTRICT. A most promising opportunity for business
locations and realty investments. A most advantageous smelter location and railroad center. One mile from Christina
Lake, the Great Pleasure Resort.   For further information, price of lots, etc., address,
GEO. K. STOCKER, Townsite Agent, Cascade, B. C.      Or L. A. HAMILTON, Land Com. C. P. R., Winnipeg, Man THE  CASCADE  RECORD
F hruery 10, 1900
Published on Saturdays at Cascade, B. 0.
H. S. TUHNMk Editor.
PerYear        .   H.I
Six Months     1.1
To Foreign Countries     2.h0
Advertising Rates Furnished on Application
Toe Record tsioa sale at tbe following places:
Simpson's Nawstaud Bossln ud
-Linton Bros    Rossland
Thompson  Stationery Co , ,.,' Nelson
���H. A. King k Co  Greenwood
R. F. Petrie  Urand Porks
John W. Graham & Co Spokane, Wash.
Cascade Drug Co Cascade
Wm. Meadows  Casoade
If there is a blue mark in +*+++ >
this square, your subscription is due, and you are invited to remit.
Stanley Muir of Grand Forks
and Matthew Burrell of Grimsby,
Ont., have just purchased 150 acres
of land from Mr. John Manly of
the former town. The land formed
part of Mr. Manly's ranch, and is
four miles from Grand Forks. The
object of the purchasers is to establish a nursery, where fruit trees,
ornamental shrubs, and flowers will
be grown on an extensive scale, and
sold to the residents of this part of
British Columbia. They will go
extensively into fruit growing, and
general gardening.
The Grimsby district, from which
Mr. Burrell comes, is noted for its
magnificent peaches and other
fruits, and it is probable that that
gentleman is an experienced fruit
grower, and also that he will be
followed to the west by other fruit
growers from the same district.
Parts of several of the other
ranches in the neighborhood of
Grand ForkB have been subdivided
into ten-acre lots, and these lota
have found a ready tale, as it is
considered that there will be an un
limited market for fruit, vegetables,
etc., in this part of British Colum
bia. There will also be a perma
nent and immense market in Mani
toba, Assiniboia and Alberta, for
all the fruit that can be grown in
British Columbia, and we have no
. doubt that all the good land in the
southern part of this province will
some day be devoted to fruit-growing. As the wheat growers and the
cattle raisers of the prairies increase
in prosperity and wealth, they will
be able to pay for more and more
fruit, and will gladly buy more.
No peaches, pears, grapes, apricots,
prunes or other fruits requiring
a moderately mild climate can ever
be grown on the prairies of the
Northwest, and the land in the valleys of southern British Columbia
will in time be very valuable for
iruit-growing purposes,
We are glad to see that eastern
fruitgrowers have commenced to
come to the Boundary country for
the purpose of settling here. These
people cannot come to this district
without seeing that there are many
tracts of land in the vicinity of our
own town suitable for fruit-growing
purposes, and it is probable that
.many of them will settle here.
The Silvertonian, published at
Silverton, B. C, has discarded its
patent insid, and is now all home-
"It took cycles of time for God to
evolve a man from a monkey, but
a man can make a monkey of himself in a minute."
It is statistically stated lhat in
this century the Imperial government has expended $300,000,000on
the defenses of her colonies.
That substantial and valuable
journal, the Greenwood Miner, has
just entered upon the second year
of its usefulness. It is a publication of merit, and enjoys liberal
and well-deserved patronage.
It is proper, for the purpose of
opening up new sections of the
country, that the government
should encourage railroad enterprises. But it should at the same
time adopt some means to prevent
the owners of these roads from
scinching the business of such new
territory by exorbitant freight
The map printed in the Spokesman-Review of last Sunday to show
its circulation field in British Columbia, gives Cascade as the only
town in the Boundary west of the
Columbia. The map is an old one,
it is true, but that only emphasizes
the fact that Cascade is not a town
of mushroom growth, but has age
to back its many other advantages.
It is a mistake to bring people
into any town by exaggeration or
outright misrepresentation. It
may help a few who run skin
games, but is bad for the town that
does it, in the long run. The disappointed go away with bad impressions, of course, and make
damaging impressions after they
get away, too. Better tell no more
than the truth, and that modestly.
Major R. G. Edwards-Leek ie,
Superintendent of the Republic
mine, was appointed recruiting officer for the Strathcona Horse at Nelson and Rossland. From the various recruiting points in British Columbia the following number will
be taken : Fort Steele, 40; Vernon,
15; Revelstoke, 10; Kamloops, Victoria and Vancouver, 15each; Ross-
land and Nelson, 20 each; making
a total of 160 men.
While you are hanging on by sheer
doggedness and waiting for your
town and business to improve, it is
the gravest of mistakes to withdraw your support from the local
newspaper in order to economize.
That paper is the window through
which the passing throng sizes up
conditions. If the panes be samll
and dirty, and an old hat has taken
the place of glass in the sash here
and there, no one will he tempted
to look in.   Make your local paper
robust and healthy by giving it a
liberal support.
The Greenwood Fire department
is arranging to give a ball on the
eve of St. Valentine's day.
It is claimed that Grand Forks'
new water-works pump has a capacity of 750,000 gallons daily.
The Miners' Union of Phoenix
will celebrate the opening of its
new hall on Thursday, Feb. 22,
with a grand ball.
Mrs. Ben. Lavalley and family,
who have been residing in Rossland
during the winter months, returned
to Cascade this week. Mr. Lavalley will come later, and they will
go to their summer residence ou
the lake. Mr. Lavalley is one of
the owners of the steamer, Myrtle
B., which plies on Christina lake in
the summer months, during which
season the lake attracts many pleasure seekers and rusticators from all
Edward Woolrich, the popular
local representative of the Hamilton Powder company, surprised
his many friends last week. He
went to Cascade, ostensibly to see a
car of powder, but returned on Saturday evening with a bride. Mrs.
Woolrich was formerly Miss Mary
Frizzell of Owen Sound. The
happy couple were married on
Wednesday at Grand Forks by the
Rev. Mr. Robertson, Mr. and Mrs.
White of Grand Forks supporting
the bride and groom. Mr. and Mrs.
Woolrich will make there home in
Greenwood.���Daily Times.
West Seattle.
rTHE only place in the Northwest where the
���*��� genuine Keeley Treatment can be obtained
Pine building, good board, pleasant aud
healthful surroundings, and the arrangements
admit of the strictest privacy for patients, either
ladles or gentlemen. The Keeley Treatment affords the only safe and sure cure for the liquor,
opium, morphine, oocoaine, chloral, and other
drugs, and abo for tobacco poisoning. Parties
Interested arc Invited to call at the institute and
Investigate for themselves. All correspondence
C. H. Nixon, Mgr.
Death ol R, Dalby Morkill, Sr.
The news was received last week
by R. Dalby Morkill, jr., at Rossland, of the death of his father, in
Sherbrooke, Que., at the advanced
age of 81 years. During the period
of the writer's five yearn' apprenticeship to the printing business,
from 1863 to 1868, in the office of
the Sherbrooke Gazette, he well
knew R. Dalby Morkill, ��r., whose
death is above mentioned. At that
time the deceased was the honored
mayor of Sherbrooke, then a city of
aliout 4,000 inhabitants. He was
an active, public-spirited citizen
and a most successful merchant,
highly esteemed for his many manly virtues, and a revered leader in
all that made for the advancement
and uplift of his community in
the moral, commercial and political
walks of life. Mr. Morkill was a
pioneer of Sherbrooke, and the
early history, as well as that later
on of that city will reveal the beneficial influence he exerted in starting it on the road to its future
greatness. The Rocord tenders R.
Dalby Morkill, jr., its sincere onc-
dolence, the editor having at one
time enjoyed his companionship as
a schoolmate. ���
Keep your eye on Cascade.
We do not keep "everything
under the sun," but we
have in stock just what
you want when you start
out in the hills or "up the
Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Etc.,
CSITT XIV "D'D/'YG! of-an Francisco,
aCtljD I OlX\J O California, Assay-
ers and Mining Experts. To the Mining Public
of the Pacific Northwest: We beg to advise yon
that we have opened a branch of our business at
No. 205(4 Washington St., Portland, Oregon, to
accommodate our numerous clients in the Northwest. As onr name for prompt and reliable work
in the past Is known in every mining camp west
of the Rookies. It will guarantee onr future success. Our certificates an' invariably accepted by
banks and mining corporations as final. Numerous Investors waiting for sound mining property.
We are now ready for work. Send In your samples with letter of Instructions und charges, and
we will give you prompt returns. Our charges
are���Gold and silver, $1.60 Gold, Copper aud Silver, 18.00. Coal, Soil and other minerals, SK.00
each. tST Check assays a specialty. SELBY
BROTHERS, Assayers and Mining Experts, No.
205l/i Washington St., Portland, Oregon. Hand
Power Stamp Mills for sale���*80 complete.
Christina Lake
Mining Camps.
Price, $1.25, post paid.
Compiled  by JOHN A. CORYELL, P. L. S.
This map contains the latest locations on Shamrock and Castle Mountains, ou Baker, Sutherland and McRae Creeks, and iu tbe Burnt Basin.
For sale by
Cascade, n. C.
Certificates ot Improvements.
John Bull and Marinette Mineral Claims situate
In the Grand Forks mining division ot Osoyoos division ol Yale district.
Where located:���On the East side of McRae
creek, near Gladstone townsite, B. O.
Take Notice that I, R. E. Young, acting as
agent for the John Hull Mines, limited,F. M. (\,
No. B12845, Free Miner's Certificate No. 1118448,
Intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to apply
to the mining recorder for Certificates of Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining orown grants
of the above claims.
And further take notice that action, under section 87,must be commenced before the issuance ol
said Certificates of Improvements.
Dated this 87th day of November, A.D., 1809.
R. R. YouKG, P. L. S.
Young k Burnet, Rossland, B. O. IS
J" application will be made to the Parliament
of Canada at the next session thereof, for an
act to Incorporate a company to construct and
maintain a railway from a point on the Interna'
tlonal Bonndary Line near Cascade, British
Columbia, thence in a westerly direction following the valley of the Kettle river to a point on the
Boundary bine st or near Carson, with a branch
from u point at or near Grand Forks to a point SO
miles up the North Fork of the Kettle river,follow-
Ing the valley of tbe same river.also with a branoh
from a point at or near Grand forks, proceeding
In a southwesterly direction by way of Greenwood
to a point on the International Boundary Line at
or near Midway, with power to the company to
construct, operate and maintain telegraph and
telephone lines, as well for commercial purposes
as lor the business of the company ana tor an
other necessary and usual powers.
Dated this tnd day ot December, ISM.
- v, ,. , t kLOYD A. MANLY,
For himself and the other applicants.        18
VB!X:t!HU~ 1 ~     -"-.'��' February 10,1900
Tolstoi Blames Neither Chamberlain
Nor Kroger.
Ad Interesting Letter by the Russian Philosopher���Mondeni Conditions are Responsible
Following is an extract from a
private letter by Count Tolstoi on
the war in SouthAfrica:���
"I cannot agree with those who
attribute the cause of the present
war to the behavior of (his or that
political leader. The real causes
are perfectly evident in regard to
the Transvaal war, as well as to all
the wars which have lately taken
place. These causes are threefold :
Firstly, the unequal distribution of
property���that iB, the robbing of
one part of humanity by the other;
secondly, the existence of the military class, that is, men of education
and Preappointed to murder; and
thirdly, the fallacious, and for the
most part, fraudulent religious
teaching in which our young generations are forcibly educated.
Therefore, I think it is not only
useless but harmful to attribute the
causes of wars to Chamberlaino,
Wilhelms and such like, thus hiding from one's self the true causes,
which lie much nearer and in which
we are ourselves participating.
Chamberlains and Wilhelms we
can only rage against and abuse.
But our rage and our abuse will
only spoil our own blood, without
changing the course of events ; for
Chamberlains and Wilhelms are
but the blind tools of forces lying
far behind them. They act as they
are obliged to and they cannot act
otherwise. All history is a series
of actions on the part of politicians
exactly similar to those thit preceded the Transvaal war.
So long as we will profit by privileged wealth, whilst the masses of
the people are crushed with labor,
there will always he wars for markets, gold mines, etc., which we require in order to maintain our
privileged wealth. So much the
more will wars be inevitable whilst
we participate in the military organization, allowing it to exist and
refraining from combating it with
all our power. We ourselves either
serve in the army or recoganize it
as being not only indispensable but
praiseworthy; and then when war
breaks out we condemn some Chamberlain or other. But, above all,
war will exist not only as long as
we profess, but tolerate without
anger or indignation, that distortion of Christianity which is called
the 'Christian church,' according to
which such things are admissable
as a Christ-loving army, the consecration of guns and the recognition
of a Christian and righteous war.
We teach our children this religion,
we profess it ourselves, and then we
say���some that Chamberlain others
that Kroner, are to blame for the
murder of men hy each other.
These are the reasons why I cannot agree with you and cannot rebuke the blind tools of ignorance
and evil, but see the cause of war
in such a region in wich I can myself contribute either to the diminution or augmentation of the evil.
To contribute to the fraternal equalization of property; to take advantage of the least possible extent
of the privileges which have fallen
to my lot; to refrain in any way
participating in military activity;
to destroy the spell which makes
men, whilst becoming hired
murderers, imagine that they are
acting well by serving in the army;
and, above all, to profess the rational Christian teaching and to endeavor with all one's might to destroy that cruel fraud of false
Christianity in which young generations are forcibly educated���in
this threefold work, as it seems to
me, consists the duty of every man
who wishes to serve that which is
right and who is justly revolted by
the present dreadful war,"
Another Dally In Orand Porks.
Vol. 1, No. 1, of the Grand Forks
Daily Miner iB before us. We admire it. It is well arranged. Its
news columns overflow with up-to-
date telegraphic and local information. Its birth occured on Tuesday
last, Feb. 6th. The first appear
ance of a daily paper, of the character of the one mentioned, is an
important event in any small town
or city. Properly conducted no
greater force for the general good
and growth of its community could
be brought to bear. A wise business locality need not be told this.
It will prove its intelligence by
liberal support. The Record extends the hand of welcome to the
Grand Forks Daily Miner, and
hopes to see it prosper.
Trains will be running through
Bulldog tunnel iu a few days.
The Yale-Columbia Lumber Co.,
controls the output of sixteen mills.
The Boundary now has three
daily papers taking the dispatches.
Operations are to be reciimed immediately on the Morricon property
in Deadwood camp
The new towns of Oro Denoro
and Sumn.it City will soon have
telephone and post offices.
Officer Darraugh went to Trail
Thursday to be present at the
board of License commissioners on
C. H. May is in town from Slate
oreek, where he had been doing
work on some mineral claims in
which he is interested. Mr. May
says he will remain here now.
Keep vonr eye on Cascade.
fisl; anb Oysters, giue anb ftresseb poultry
F. GRIBI, rigr.
Second Avenue, CASCADE CITY.
��iquors, ^)ines anb Os^rs. f
A specialty made of Imported Goods. Glassware and bar
Supplies Always on Hand.    Sole Agents for
Pabst's Milwaukee Beer.
B. C. Livery Stable
Good Saddle Horses for Hire. Teaming
on the Shortest Notice. Good Turnouts
Ready at all hours to go to any part of
the Boundary country. Careful drivers.
J. A. BERTOIS, Prop.
Stables on Second Avenue,      -----    CASCADE, B. C.
Situated at the new town of Gladstone, near the Burnt
Basin Mining Region and only 18 miles from Cascade; 10
miles from Christina Lake. One of the best hotel buildings between Cascade and Brooklyn. Good Livery Stable
in connection.
The Cascade Sawmill.
A large stock of Rough
and Dressed Lumber.
Laths, Shingles, Houldings, Etc
Estimates Furnished and
Prompt Delivery Made.
Correspondence Solicited.
Fihruary 10, ISM
If You Wish
To keep thoroughly posted on the fast
moving events in the growing Boundary and Christina Lake sctions, there is
only one way to accomplish it, viz:
Just get in line, follow the
crowd and subscribe to..
���! Cascade Record.
It costs only Two Dollars to get
in out of the wet, and receive 52
copies of the Record. Printed
on good paper with good type
and good ink.
Two Prisoners and $100 Worth of Booty.
E. H. Robinson came down from
the lake Friday, and while putting
his horse up in a stable back of the
Gain & Roy house, made a discovery. He found the place occupied
hy two men, much to his and their
surprise. When he had eared for
his horse, one of the men said to
him : "Are you all right ?" He
said, "I guess I am," whereupon
they offered him some liquor, doing
so the second time. Then they offered to fill a flask for him. Next
came cigars, of which they had an
abundance, and even offered to accommodate Mr. Robinson with a
whole box.
Taking all into consideration be
concluded there was a screw loose
somewhere. He met Mr. G. Upton
of the English store at the Hotel
Cascade, and related to him the
discovery he had made. Mr. Upton suspected possibly that the
men had gained entrance to the
Montana hotel, which has been
closed for some time, and where
quite a supply of liquors and cigars
had been stored under legal restraint. Upon examination he
found his suspicions well founded,
and that much of the property was
missing, and the back door of the
premises open. Justice Rochussen
was informed, and he, with Upton
as a deputy, proceeded lo the barn
and arrested the two men, who
were in a more or less stupified condition with liquor. They were
taken into custody and marched to
the city jail, Richard Darrow being appointed by the justice to hold
and care for them till the law
should take its course. They gave
the names of Geo. Barrett and Patrick O'Henrn.
About $100 worth of liquors and
cigars were recovered.
Y)ow under development. Look at the immense
���/'dam, 400 feet long and 50 feet high, now under construction. The flume and tunnel to convey the water will be
16 feet wide, 13 feet deep and 1000 feet long. The water
will be conveyed from the mouth of the tunnel to the water-
wheels, through two iron pipes, each S}4 feet in diameter and
2000 feet long, with a perpendicular fall of 156 feet.
Excavation for a power-house is now in progress near
the wagon road bridge, and the excavation alone will cost $10,-
000. Development of this power is now under construction
and will be prosecuted as rapidly as possible. A. 10,000
horse power will be obtained, which will be used in developing electrical power to be transmitted to all the mines in the
Boundary and Christina Lake Districts.
Estimated cost of plant, complete, is $500,000.
ileautiful Christina Lake and Surroundings!
The fisherman's delight and the hunter's paradise.   This
lake is 18 miles long and from one to three miles in width.
About Cascade City, while practically undeveloped, is
most promising, and marvelous wealth awaits the hand of
man to reveal the country's hidden resources.
Look closely at our advantageous location and you will not
fail to have a good impression of
Cascade, the Gateway City.
Mr. D. McLeod came over from
Trail yesterday.
Work on the new depot and
freight building is going forward
The Greenwood Miner makes the
Record say that 100 men will be
emplyed on the water power works.
We meant to and did say, on the
various payrolls of our community.
Two Greenwood young men, one
a nephew of C. M. Shaw, and Alfred Swinburne, offered their services, were accepted, and will depart soon for the Transvaal.
The war situation, so far as is
known outside of the war office is
little changed.   It is said General
Buller is reported to be still trying
to force his way from  the Tugela
river   to   Ladysmith.   At present
Lords Roberts and Kitchnerareout
of sight.
Maps of the Boundary Creek district, showing all claims, sent post
paid on receipt of price, $1.50, by
the Record, Cascade, B. C.
Certificate of Improvements.
"Mary B." Mineral Claim.sltuate in the Grand
Forks Mining Division of Yale Distriot.
Where located:���In Summit Camp.
Take Notice that I, Isaac H. Hallett, Free
Miner's Certificate No. 19610 A, for myself and as
agent for James F. Cunningham, tree Miner's
Certificate No. 18690 A and Geo. B. Naden Free
Miner's Certificate No. 14867 A, intend sixty days
troni date hereof, to apply to the Mining Beuorder
for a Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose
of ubtalntg a Crown Grant of the above Claim.
Aud further take notice that action, under section 87, must be commenced before Jtlie Issuance
of suoh Certificate of Improvements.
Dated this 82nd day of October, 1899.
I. II, Hallktt.
That We
Can Do
All Kinds
Styles of
A Test
Of Our
Artistic Skill
Will Prove.
Give Us a Trial. February 10, 1900
��� ��� ��� ���
The Centre of the Far-famed Similkameen District.
A Mining and Agriculttiral Centre.   :   .   :
I Lots Now on the flarket
Third Avenue, 100 Feet Wide. Lots, 80x150.
Comer Lots, $150.       Inside Lots, $100.
Corner Lots, $100.
Inside Lots, $76.
Terms, 1-3 Cash; Balance, Three and Six Mentha
For Further Particulars, Apply to_
,t General Agents,
R- H. PARKINSON, Fairview.
tie Mutual AM Society Social.
Another one of those enjoyable
Mutual Aid Society entertainments
took place Thursday evening, in
the large room adjoining the Town-
site Co's office, the pleasures of
which were participated in hy many
citizens. The following programme
was rendered : Song, Mr. 6. K.
Stocker; instrumental music, Miss
Darrow and Mr. McCoy; recitation,
"How he saved St. Michael's," Mr.
Ritchie; song, Rev. Joseph McCoy;
reading, depicting New England
character, Mr, G. K. Stocker; instrumental music, Miss Darrow;
song, Rev. Jos. McCoy; reading,
"Paddy the Piper, Mr. John Simpson; Song, Mr. G. K. Stocker; instrumental music, Mrs. Rochussen
and Mr. McCoy. After the regular
programme, came games, such as
"Earth, Air, Water, Fire," "Spin
the Plate," etc. Refreshments were
then served,and the remainder of the
time passed in social conversation
and music, the latter being furnished by Mrs. B. Wilcox. Messrs.
Reeves, Walling and others.
The next social will be held on
Thursday, Feb. 22d, when it is expected that a number of charades
will be presented, as well as a good
programme of vocal and instrumental music, recitations; etc.
Rev. Jos. McCoy will exchange
pulpits to-morrow with Rev. J* R��
Robertson of Grand Forks.
Dr. Joseph Schaich, of the Cascade Drug Co., paid Nelson a visit
Saturday., and returned here Tuesday.
The Rossland Hockey club feels
justly proud of its defeat of the
Boundary club at Greenwood the
other day.   It was a great feat.
Mrs. C. W. Greer and family left
on Wednesday afternoon for Phoenix, where her husband is engaged
in business, and will reside there
Greenwood Fire department's new
"hurry-up" wagon went through
here on a flat car last Sunday. It's
a dandy���good as any to be found
in first-class cities.
The cold winds of Monday and
Tuesday, and the sharp frost of the
nights, has given us quite a taste
of winter. Tuesday night the ther*
mometer was down to eight above
Postmaster Angus Cameron has
been gazetted as justice of the
peace of Gladstone, and Mr. Paul
Rochussen for Casoade. These officials are also empowered to hold
small debts courts, within a radius
of ten miles of their official locations. _
Church Service
Divine nerrioe will be conducted by Rev. Joieph
McCoy, M. A. tomorrow (Sunday) at 11 a.m, and
7:80 p.m., Standard Time, In the new church.
Sabbath tohool at 2:80 p.m. In the aame plaoe.
All are cordially Invite! to attend.
Watchmaker, Jeweller aei Ostkiaa.
Byei Scientifically Tested
Free ot Charge	
.... C. H. Thomas, Pkop....
The Original and Oldest Hotel in this part of tht
district. Headquarters for Contractor*) Mining Me*
and Travellers.
Well Stocked Bar in Connection.
 a i   j
Second Avenue,    -    *    Cascade City, British Columbia.
Hartford Hotel
-Hartford Junction, B. C.
This hotel, which is new, is located at the junction
of the Phoenix and Winnipeg branches of the C. P*
R. All the railway traffic for these camps must
pass through Hartford.   Give us a call.
February 10, IKS
Vv\p ARE Headquarters..'
f^uT - ^ *5 - carry ^e
Our ^rabe
to such proportions that we buy in large quantities, ami can make the Hotel Keeper, Mine Owner or Prospector every
inducement to trade with us. If
you should need
Blacksmith's Coal
Stack'or st������pini Powder
Caps or Fuse
In largeorsn/all lots, give us a call.
Best of Everything. g   WILCOX, Mgr,
Visiting Cards
Business Cards
Shipping Tugs!
Statements, Etc
. OF .
The Record
Commercial Hotel
The Largest and Most Popular Hotel in the city
Choice Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
First Ave. and Main St.,   -   CASCADE, B. C.
Plans Drawn and| Estimates
Doors, Sash and all
Kinds of Glass.
Fire Insurance Agency
George K. Stocker, Agent.
Sing Kee
Expert  Laundryman.    Bundles called for and delivered.
Work done on Short Notice.
Give me a trial.
laundry at the rearol the Commercial Hotel
Hutchins &
Are now located in Bossburg
with ten four-horse teams, and
are prepared to deliver freight
in Cascade, Grand Forks and
Greenwood on SHORT NOTICE.
Orders received by Telephone,
and prompt delivery guaranteed.
Delivered free to
any part of the
The Qulnllvan-Sulllvan Nuptials.
Last Tuesday morning, Feb. 6,
1900, Mr. M. J. Quinlivan of Cascade, B. C, was united in marriage
to Miss Hanna Sullivan, of Price-
ville, Ont., the ceremony being performed at Greenwood, B. C, by the
Rev. Father Palmer. Mr. Phillip
Ileidy and Miss Burg, supported
the bride and groom.
The bride arrived here from her
Ontario home last Tuesday. Mr.
Quinlivan holds the position of
foreman for his brother, S. F,
Quinlivan on the water power
works here. The happy couple
will make their home for the present at the Cosmopolitan hotel. The
Record cordially proffers the hand
of congratulation, and wishes for
Mr. and Mrs. Quinlivan a long life
of happiness.
Qeo. McKugo Starts lor South Africa
Yesterday afternoon's train took
from our midst Cascade's first volunteer for the Transvaal war, Mr.
George McKugo. The period between his acceptance by the examining board and his departure
gave but little time to do him honor
by public recognition. However,
Mr. Stanley Mayall took the matter
in hand and by personal effort secured from our citizens a nice purse
of money In the evening Mr. McKugo was tendered a public reception at the Hotel Cascade. Toasts
and responses befitting the occasion
were in order, Mr. Angus Cameron
presiding, and those present who
had not before known Mr. McKugo,
were introduced to him. Mr. May-
all, in presenting the puree, made
a neat and very appropriate speech,
which was highly pleasing to all
who heard it. Mr. McKugo, in
accepting the purse, thanked the
donors, and said he would earnestly strive to perform his full duty,
und do credit to Cascade.
Mr. McKugo left Nelson this
morning on his way to Ottawa,
where he will probably remain two
or three weeks or until a transport
is provided for the Strathcona
Horse. He has been in South
Africa before, having been in the
employ at one time of the Treasury
mine in Johannesburg, and at another time on the Beira railway in
Portuguese East Africa. He is a
native of Warwick, England, 27
years of age, and a blacksmith by
trade. He had resided in this province three years, one of which was
Sassed in and near Cascade. The
ecord, in behalf of itself and its
readers, bids Mr. McKugo Godspeed
and a safe return when the horrors
of war shall have ceased.
Spokane Palls &
Northern System.
Nelson and Fort Sheppard lly. Co,
Red Mountain Railway Co.
The direct and only All-Rail Route
between the  Kootenay  District
���AND ALL���
British Columbia Points,
Pacific Coast Points,
Puget Sound Points,
Eastern Canada and United States,
���Connects at Spokane with���
0. R. R. & NAV. C<\
Maps furnished tickets sold end informal ion
given by local and connecting line ticket agents.
Passengers  for Kettle  River and  Bonmlury
creek  connect at   Marcos and  Itossliurg   with
stages dailv.
H. A. JACKM1M, G. P. &T. A.,
Spokane. Wash.
Canadian ^
^Pacific Ky.
America's Great Transcontinental Line
and World's Pictorial Route.
The Direct Eoute
From Kootenay Country
Kettle River and Boundary
Creek Districts to all points
East and West
First-class Sleepers on till trains
from Revelstoke and Kootenay
St. Paul, Sundays and Wednesdays for Toronto, Fridays for Montreal and Boston. Sumo
cars pass Revelstoke one day vat Her.
Direct Connection vlu Kolison to and irom all
Leave OASUADE Arrive
15.84        Daily ex. Sun. 14.ua
For rates and full Information address nearest local agent or,
P. E. Tbbo, Agt., Cascade, B. C.
W.F. Anderson,      E.J.Coyle,
Trav. Pass.Ap.ent, A.U.P.Agt.
Nelson. B.C.    Vancouver.BC.
9.1, fair Stable,'
Saddle Horses for Hire.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items