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Cascade Record Mar 16, 1901

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THE   CASCADE   RECORD
Published in the Interests of the Boundary and Christina Lake  Mining Districts
Vol. III.
CASCADE, B. C, MARCH 16, 1901.
t
No. 19.
We do Business in Grand Forks,
White Bros.,
Jewelers
and
Opticians
Bridge Strekt,   GRAND FORKS
WATCHES,
CLOCKS,
JEWELRY.
Watch repairing a specialty.
mm
%W Leave your repairing orders at this office
Drugs and Stationery.
We cany an up-to-date
and complete stock.
H.B. Woodland & Co.
GRAND FORKS.
When Shopping*
In Orand Forks don't forget
FRASER k CO.'S DIG STORE.
Druggists and Stationers.
W. E. Megaw,
General Merchant
Muk��� a Specialty Finn
DRY GOODS,
CLOTHING,
BOOTS AND SHOES,
AND GROCERIES,
Fisher Block,
GRAND PORKS.
City Barbershop
AND BATHROOMS.
Everything neat, clean and  convenient, and
workmanship the best.
Robert Prebilsky,
GRAND FORKS.
Mrs.   . F. Cross,
Proprietress JOHNSON BLOCK
LODGING: HOUSE,
First Ave.,      Grand Forks.
Rooms 50c and up.
Or rather, your old boots
and shoes, do they need
repairing; or would you
prefer something new-
made to order? Anyhow, call on
Wm. Dinsmore,
BRIDGE STREET, ORAND FORKS.
The
Old
Reliable
Store,
W. M. WOLVERTON, Manager.
The Store for Best Goods
Lowest Prices'	
Staple and Fancy Groceries,
Canned Goods a Specialty.
Gents Furnishing Goods,
And everything else usually found in a well-stocked store.
Fresh Supplies Constantly Arriving.
Complete Line of
STANDARD
Patent Medicines
THE GOVERNMENT WILL STOCK
CHRISTINA LAKE WITH BLACK BASS.
A Statement Relative Thereto Prom the
Deputy Minister ol Marine ud Fisheries
���Fills to he Deposited lo September.
For the past year or bo efforts-
have been made by nome of our citizens, principally by Mr. D. D. Ferguson as the president of our Liberal association, to get the matter
of stocking Christina lake with a
variety of fish suitable to the conditions properly before the Ottawa
authorities. Mr. Ferguson had
been in correspondence with the
Marine and Fisheries department,
and Tuesday he received the following letter from Ottawa :
Ottawa, 7th March, 1901.
D. D. Ferguson, Cascade, B. C.
Sir���In reply to your letter of
the 25th ultimo, I have much pleasure in stating that arrangements
are being completed for Bending a
supply of Black Bass to be planted
in Christina Lake, B. C, as requested by yoa. They will be young
fish two or three inches long, and
will not be in a fit condition to ship
until August or September, but
when Mr. Stuart discussed the
matter with Professor Prince recently, the decision was reached
that September would be the beBt
month to cross the prairies with
the Black Bass from Ontario.
I am sir, yoiir obedient servant,
F. Gourdeau,
Deputy Minister of Marine and
Fisheries.
The Mr. Stuart here spoken of is
our ever-alert Angus who represented this province at the recent Paris
exposition and is now performing a
like valuable service at Glasgow.
While not much thought may at
this time be given this matter of
stocking Christina lake with desirable fish, by the general publio,
it will proye a most important
event to this community, and those
who have been instrumental in
bring this work bo far toward consummation are entitled to much
credit for their persistent efforts in
public behalf.
siderable activity in railway movements thereabouts and consequent
liveliness in the towns. It is impossible, as yet, to say just what
this activity portends for the Reservation district, but there is now
no doubt the long-looked-for railway into Republic will be an accomplished fact this summer. It
is also stated the Great Northern
will Boon commence building the
southern end of its Republic line,
crossing the Columbia river near
Kettle Falls and following the survey made up the Kettle river some
time ago. As a matter of fact, the
exact routes will* not be known
with certainty until the graders
are set to work. All else iB mere
speculation, even now.���Boasburg
Journal. 	
Alien Labor.
Sir Wilfrid Laurier haB given
notice of a bill to amend the alien
labor act. It is understood that
the bill ib largely on the lines laid
down in the bill of Ralph Smith
M. P. in the first place. Instead
of leaving the bill in the hands of
the attorney-general of the Dominion, as at present, it oan be put
in operation by the attorney-general of any province or the county
court judge of the district. The
part of the existing bill which permits of friends being brought into
the country will be dropped. The
new bill will apply against residents of the United States.
BRITISH COLUMBIA TO HAVE THREE
MORE SMELTERS THIS YEAR-
NOTICE OF FORFEITURE.
TO REUBEN WELLS,
Late of Greenwood, in Yale District,
Sis:
You an hereby notified that I have expended
1100.00 In the survey ot tbe "Undine" Mineral
Claim, .Itnate In Summit Camp, In the Grand
Fork. Mining Division ot Yale District, Brttl.h
Columbia to oount a. an assessment on said
claim, a. will appear by a Certllloate of Work recorded October 10th, 1000, in tbe oft.ee ot the
Mining Recorder lor the .aid Orand Fork. Mining Division, in order to hold .aid claim under
the provision, ot Section 84 of "The Mineral
Art:" .nob being the amount required to bold
���aid olalm tor the year ending Oct. S8th, 1900.
And If, at the expiration of ninety (00) day. of
publication ot tbli notloe, you fail or refuse to
I. B. HALLETT. H. O. SHAW
Hallett & Shaw
BARRISTERS, 80LIOITOR8,
NOTARIES PUBLIO, Etc
GREENWOOD, B. C.
contribute your proportion of the expenditure
__    ! (yo!
nnder Reotlon 4 of the "Mineral Aot Amendment
required nnder Section 24, together with all costs
of ��<lvi'-Uslni(, your Interest tu
become vested In the subscriber
i .aid olalm shall
(your co-owner)
Act 1000.
Dated at Rossland, B. O., thl. 18th day of November, 1800.
ROSS THOMPSON.
Hallett & Shaw, Solicitors tor Ross Thompson.
14W-2
NOTICE.
The Columbia & Western Bail-
way Company
WILL APPLY TO  TUB PARLIAMENT OP
Canada at ita next Session for an Aot uslmllat-
lug it. bonding power. In respect of It. railway
and branoh line. We.t of Midway to the power,
already given In re.pect of it. lines constructed
East of that point, extending tbe time Within
whioh it may complete Its railway., and author*
Iziyu It to construct such branches from any of
Its line, not exceeding in any one cue thlny
miles In length as are from time to time authorized
by the Government in Council, and for other purpose..
H. CAMPBELL OSWALD,
���te Secretary.
The application made to the government for aid to clear the Kettle
river so that logs may be floated
down that stream seems to be a reasonable proposition. So was that
for aid to build the West Fork
wagon road, but how was that liberal appropriation expended I And
if the (3,000 asked for is granted
will it b9 squandered in the manner it is asserted the wagon-road
appropriation was ?
A (1,000 reward has been offered
for the apprehension and conviction of the miscreant who broke
the plate-glass window in Mayor
White's jewelry store at Grand
Forks and decamped with (1,000
worth of valuables.
THB PATRIOTISM OP THB C. P. R.
It is itated on good authority
the C. & W.'s income at Grand
Forks alone is (1,000 and over per
day; a neat little sum, despite the
efforts ol the C. P. R. to destroy that
town.
Harry Bell, who has made several trips recently to Cascade and j
Grand Forks country, reports con-
Notwithstanding the plain language of an act of Parliament on
the 15th day of February, 1881,
ratifying the contract between the
Dominion government and the C.
P. R., relative to the exemption of
property of that corporation from
taxation for twenty years from the
date of such ratification, it appears
that the railway company now
claims continuous exemption under
the contract, and that Parliament
has so far recognized the claim as
as to make it necessary to pass the
following bill, in order that the
courts may thresh the legal techni-.
calilies out of the original agreement. Following is the bill referred to:
"1. Clause 16 of the contract
mentioned injthe preamble, between
Her Majesty and the Canadian Pacific Railway Company, is hereby
interpreted to mean that the period
of exemption from taxation of the
said land grant terminated twenty
years after tbe date of the ratification of the said contract."
After the munificent donations,
which comprise nearly all the C.
P. R. poBBesseB to-day, made that
corporation by the people, it now
ungratefully seeks to dodge the payment of taxes. Is this the sort of
patriotish to which the organs of
that corporation are now appealing.        	
Mr. F. E. Tebo left last Saturday
afternoon for a visit to the home of
his parents, near Barrie, Ontario.
It is expected he will be absent
about six weeks.
Kailo Bidding For One el Tntm-WIIl Tke
Oreit Northers Bills Osr, ut Will It
Be Located Is Cascade r
Mr. Jaffrey of the Crow's Nest
Coal company stated a tew days
ago that three large smelters, for
custom work were sure to be either
completed or well under way in
construction in British Colombia
this year. To secure one of these,
here is what Kaslo is prepared to
do:
"The property owners of Kaslo
Monday last voted on two by-laws,
one to grant (50,000 bonus and th*
other to grant exemption from taxation for ten years for a proposed
smelter. The company is now organised to construct and operate
the smelter. These municipal privileges are open to the first one who
fulfills the conditions, the work to
commence on construction by Oct.
let next. Kaslo as the center of ��
great prpducing silver-lead district
in British Columbia is destined to
shortly become a great smelting
point. The construction of a smelter
there will relieve the difficulty under
which silver-lead mining labors.
Monday's meeting was unanimous in favor of the bonus and
only two votes were recorded
against the exemption."
Since the C. P. R. smelter promises have all proven to be "moonshine," isn't it about time that
Cascade should be looking in
other directions for a smelter
plant ? Our board of trade should
discuss this matter at this opportune time.
Mr. A. C. Flummer-felt elated in
his recent sortie to the Kootenays.
As a prominent official of that big
concern he numerously stated to
the press tbat the Miner-Graves
syndicate had been offered and had
refused (15,000,000 for its interests
in the Boundary. We hope this is
a statement of fact, but it most be
borne in mind that Mr. Flumerfelt
has been inhaling the bombastic
atmosphere of Grand Forks tor
quite a period. That the syndicate's
Boundary interests are valuable
there cannot be the shadow of a
doubt, as a tramp through the two
milen or more of tunneling���all in
ore, so they tell us���in the Knob
Hill mountain of mineral, will convince the most hardened speculative sinner.but when that gentleman
lifts us to the altitude of (15,000,-
000, it makes our head swim, and
we descend from the dirty heights
clutching onr shriveled-up purse
with both hands.
The "open season" for trout fishing begins to-day.
It is a great gift to learn to enjoy
the present���to get all there is out
of it, and to think of today as a
piece of eternity. Begin now to
teach this great art, if yon have
not thought of it before. To be able
to enjoy heaven,, one must learn
first to enjoy earth.���Ella Wheeler
Wilcox.
Premier Dunsmuir is charged
with being a pro-C. P. R. Conservative. Whoean prove this charge
to be a fact or a falsehood ?
Keep your eye on Cascade, and
your ear on the ground. The hearse
or th* band wagon is approaching. THE   CASOADE   RECORD
March U, itKU
THE CASCADE RECORD
Pnbllslu'tl on Saturdays at Cnttcatlo, it. C.
BY li. S. TURNER.
M lUHUKIITIllNS.
Per Year  K.00
Six Moutlis      1.25
Xo Forelmt Cotintri-va     2.M)
Advertising Rates Purulslied on Application,
// there is a blue mark in *���'
this square, your subserip- ���
tion is due, and you are in-2
tited to remit, ���
Railway Surveyors at Work This Week.
Tlie surveying (party mentioned
by The Record us having beet)
cnmped near the Gilpin siding, and
engaged in surveying for a ruilway
route between Cascade and Nelson,,
Wash., haB been active again this
week alimg the same line. The
fore part of this week the surveyors
were at work from the international
boundary line through town set-
ting the location stakes. We will
now have to "possess our souls in
peace" while awaiting the action of
our provincial and Dominion legislators, who t-eeni to be guided more
by political expediency titan a de'
t��irp to heed fhn c'rv of 'he people.
A full investigation of the West
Fork wagon road matter should
he made by the government. If a
tithe of the stories told about the
way the large government appropriation for that road was squandered, the guilty parties should be
unearthed and severely dealt  with.
John Houston is making a notorious record. As a remnant of the
Cotton-Semlin-C. P. It. government
he, like ex-Mayor Goodeve of Rossland, is plainly demonstrating his
faith in the power of Mammon as
against principle.
The first development contract
on the Ida May group, near the
First Thought, in the Pierre lake
district, has been completed, and
the showing is so favorable that the
owners will let another at once.
BRIEF  LOCAL MENTION.
Mr. 1). O'Connor, of Nelson, is
occupying the position here of local
agent for the C. P. It. in the absence
of Mr. F. E. Tebo.
If you are thinking of going into
the Similkameen country, come into this ollice and get a good map
and guide, then you'll know what's
what.
Mrs. V. Monnier came down
from Phoenix Wednesday and has
been the guest of Mrs. Wm. Anderson. Mr. Monnier is expected here
to-day.
Mrs. Wm. Anderson entertained
a few of her lady friends last Wednesday afternoon and it social time
was enjoyed by all present.
Mr. R. Kelman gave a party
Wednesday evening, some fifteen
being present.
The Presbyterian church was
fairly well filled last night by an
appreciative audiance which had
assembled upon invitation to enjoy
an evening of song given by Miss
Queenie McCoy. The Kootenay papers have spoken in high praise of
the lady's attainments and rare
natural gifts in this direction, and
last night she more than confirmed
all the encomiums bestowed, greatly pleasing all who were fortunate
enough to be present. During her
stay here Miss McCoy has been
a guest at Laurel Ridge. At social gatherings during the week the
young lady haB delighted her hearers with Bkillful rendition of vocal
and instrumental music.
CARNEGIE HAS A HOBBY.
Donating lor Public  Library Purposes  His
Delight.
Andrew Carnegie the multi-millionaire, who has amassed a huge
fortune in the manipulation of the
manufactured Bteel market, is doing the right thing at the right
time with his millions. Education
means better health, better morals,
a better Christianity, a better civilization and a greater capacity for
the enjoyment of these betterments.
Education is a more valuable
wealth than wealth in dollars. And
who knows this to be a fact better
than Mr. Carnegie, though he may
be possessed of both wealth in
dollars and wealth in education.
In redistributing the weitlth he has
accumulated Mr. Carnegie has
chosen a most wise and commendable course, that of endowing public libraries. He has choBcn, too,
to preform this philanthropic work
while yet in the flesh, in order that
he may know that his -bestowals
are not misappropriated by scheming administrators of his estate
after his demise.
From present indications it is
manifestly Mr. Carnegie's intention
to give substantial aid in public
library matters to all the principal
towns und cities in Canada nnd
the United States and will dispose
of many millions of dollars in that
manner. All honor to Andrew
Carnegie, from whom no more can
be asked thun he is voluntarily dicing. One hundred thousand dollars devo.ed to the establishment
of a public library is a greater
monument than one of marble costing as many millions of dollars.
Since the foregoing was written
comes the news that Mr. Carnegie
has set apart the enormous sum of
(5,000,000 donated for tho endowment of a fund for superantinted
and disabled employees of the Car*,
negie company. This benefaction
iB by far tbe largest of the many
created by Mr. Carnegie und is
probably without a parallel anywhere in the world. The Leland
Stanford endowment of the Palo
Alto university in California,
directly and indirectly amounted
to $20,000,000, but that institution
wan established to commemorate
the name of Leland Stanford Jr.,
and the conditions which surround
it make its benefits available only
to the well-to-do.
To-morrow will be St. Patrick's
Day.
"Roast Nigger" was tbe principal
dish rt a banquet at Corsicana,
Texas, lust Wednesday.
Ex-President Benjamin Harrison, one of the most prominent men
in the modem hisiory of the United
States, died last Thursday.
NOTICE TO TAYPAYERS.
W*?AWiC Ky.
Direct Route���Low Rates���Quick Time
TO ALL   POINTS
EAST AND WEST
Dining Cars
Tourist Cars
First-Class Sleepers
THROUGH TICKETS TO AND  FROM
ENGLAND
THE CONTINENT
AUSTRALIA
CHINA and JAPAN
For time tables and full information call on or address nearest local
agent. I). O'CONNOR,
Agent, Cascade, B. C,
J. S. CARTER,
D, P. A. Nelson, B. C.
E. J. COYLE. A. G. P. Agt,
Vancouver, B. C.
Assessment Act and Provincial Revenue
Tax Act.
NOTICE is hereby Ktvoti, iu accordance with
ilif statutes, thut ptovlticiul revomte tux,
Bmlull taxt.r levied wider lint Assessment Act,
arenow due furilioyetir 1001. All or the ttbovo
Htiuifd tuxes, collectable within the Smith
Division of Ktiht Vale, tnid purt of Kosaltuitl
riding, are payable at my oillci1, Fairview.
Assessed taxes are collectable ut tlie lullowhig
rules, viz.:
If paid on or before the with of June, 1901���
Three-Hl'ths of one per cent on real properly.
Two and one-half per cent on ttSBessed value of
wild laud, One-half of one per cent oil personal
property. On so much of the Income of any person its exceeds oils thousand dollar.* in accordance with the following classifications, upon
such excess the rute shall be, namely:
Class A���On one thousand dollars iniU not exceeding tt'ii Hums!..... dollars| one per
cent up lo live thonsaud dollurx, and
two per ceut on the remainder.
Class B���On leu thousand dollars and not exceeding tWQiity thousand dollars,one und
nue-hulf per cent, up to in. tlmutmnd
dollars, and two and one-half per cent ou
the remainder.
Class C���On twenty thousand dollars and not exceeding forty thousand dollars, two und
one-half pur oent Up to twenty thousand
dollars, and three per cent on the remainder.
Class D-On all others in oxuuss of forty thousand dollars, three per cent up to forty
thousand dollars, and three and one-hull'
per cent on tlie remainder.
If paid on or after the first of July, 1901���Fum*-
flfihsot one per ceutou real property; three per
oent on the assessed value of wild land; three-.
fourths of one per cent on personal property. On
so much of the Income of any person as exceeds
one thousand dollars In accordance with the fol-
lowlngoltissllluatloU; upon such excess the rates
shall be namely:
Class A���On one thousand dollars and not exceeding ten thousand dollars, one und one-
half per cent up to five thousand dollars,
am) two ami one-half per cent on the remainder.
Class U���on ten thousand dollars and   not exceeding   twenty   thousand   dollars, two
per cent up to ten thousand dollars, and
three per cent on the remainder,
Class C���On   twenty thousand dollars and not
exceeding forty thousand dollars,  three
per cent up to twenty thousand dollars,
and three nnd one-half per cent on the
remainder.
Class D���Oil all others in excess of forty thousand dollars, three aud one-half per cent
up to forty thousand dollars, and Tour per
ffiii ou the remainder.
Provincial revenue tux 93.00 per capita.   Two
per cent on the assessed value of ore or mineral
bearing sula-tmices. payable quarterly, on the
last day of  the  months of March, June, September und December of each year.
Fairview, B.O.. Feb. 11, 1001.
C. A. Ii. LAMJiLY,
10-21 Assessor and Collector.
AMD
OREGON
SHOiplilNE
Uhmin Pacific
ONLY LINE EAST VIA
Salt - take - and = Denver
TWO TRAINS DAILY.
Steamship Tickets to Europe and
Other Foreign Countries.
Drill}-
Dfl-llHs.
7185 if. In
4:00 p.m
spukane Tune Solii-duli! I   Uiilly
UltMltlvo Miiy al. Arrl
AsT   MAIL ��� lor   ti*
Coottrtl'AIf-if.-H. KiinmiiK-
ton, (larlli'lil, Colfax, Pom-
nroy, Wnitslmiy, Uiivton,
Wnllii  WiiIIii.   IVii.lk't.in.
linker l itv, und nil points
HA -VI'.
PAST   MAIL -  Prom   nil
points KAST, linker City,
Pendleton. Wullu Willis,
Dayton, W'Hllsbitri.'. Pome-
rny, Moscow, IMiiliiinn.i!ol
fax, llarllidd, Kiiritiliiglon,
nml I'uur d'Alenes 8:15 p. m.
ISXPItKsS - for Piirmlni!-
ton, (lurlnilil.Colfux, Pull-
ninn. Mojcow, Lewlston,
I'nrtlnnd, Sun Prunelsen.
linker i itv und nil point.
EAST.
KXl'UI'SS*���Prom -ill points
HAST. Baker   City,  Shu
PmiicIbco, Portland, Colfax, (isrtlled nnd Knrininn
ton	
STEAMER LINES
San Francisco-Portland Route.
STEAMER SAILS PROM AINSWORTH
DOCK, Portland, at 8 p. in., und Spear Street
Wlmrf. Sun l-'raiiolsco nt 10 n. m. every five days.
Willamette and Columbia Riven.
Dnlly Uoni Sorvloo between Portlnnd, Astoria,
Orotcon Clly, Dnyton, Salem, Independence, Cor-
viillls und nil Ooiuinliln nml Willamette rlv.r
points.
Snake River Route.
Steamer, between Klpurln nnd Lewlston lonvo
Iti pitrirt tin i ly n i :i: tn u. m., rettirnliii- leave Lew-
iaton dnlly al 7:00 a. tu.
II. M. ADAMS, General Aitnnt,
���I.in Riverside Ave., Spokane, Wash.
a
THE ENGLISH STORE.
WE CARRY
The most complete Hue of
Hardware and Dry Goods
in town.
SPECIAL CUT
from now on in Winter Goods.
Mackinaw Suits, Rubbers, Heavy Wool
and Cloth Overshirts; Underwear in
all qualities; Blankets, Overals, Hats,
Caps, Gloves, Mitts, Heavy and Light
Shoes, etc., etc.,
Below Cost.
Ladies' Suitings, Shoes, Flannellettes,
and House-furnishings, etc.,
Half-price and Less.
If you need anything call and see what
we have and get satisfaction.
We save you 6oc in the $.
The remaining supply of
Groceries
Will be cleared out at any reasonable
price. Amongst other articles we offer
Canned Vegetables and Fruits, Dried
Peaches, Apricots, Apples, Blackberries, etc.; Currants and Raisins, Tapioca and all kinds of Extracts and
Spices, on which you can save money
by buying at
The English Store,
CASCADE, B. C.
Crockery, Lamps and Furniture,
in addition.
Ik
THE ENGLISH STORE. iv
MARCH 16, 1M1
THE CASCADE RECORD
\
PROVINCIAL LANDS &   WORKS DEPARTMENT.
By "Tblstle".
Poor old Recording Angel up
stairs! I feel so sorry for him at
times, that is, for the one who hue
the especial task of jotting down
the swear words used in British
Columbia. How his hand must
ache, and how he must often wish
that a short shrift might he given
tn those sinners, who give him so
much trouble, by means of a shower of "hot stuff" or the wonderful
composition of stinks that destroyed Sodom of old. Had I a chance
to whisper iu the old gentleman's
ear, I would intercede fir the sinners (including myself,) hy telling
him it was largely on account of
the Department of Lands & Works,
at which possibly the venerable
saint would knowingly put his linger to his nose and remark: "Co
on I" But, as the Irishman said:
"There's more truth nor poethry in
it," and I think the old gentleman's
doubts would be largely removed
were he to descend to this portion
of the globe.
There has always been a lack of
system in the departments of government in British Columbia, but
in none has there been shown such
utter inefficiency as in the most
important of them all. Government after government has been
content lo tread in the footsteps
of its predecessors, and the antiquated methods have been suffered
to prevail that were inadequate
even in the early days of the province. Much country yet remains
unexplored, many maps yet remain absolutely incorrect in their
details, and no attempt is made to
verify them. Choice lands are
with little consideration reserved
for settlement, and then for. no
substantial reason thrown freely
open���and immediately gobbled
by friends of the government in
power who have been given the
''straight tip" in advance. The
best timber and the richest lands
are recklessly given away in huge
grants to railway.companies without any preliminary enquiry into
the value of thot-e possessions of the
people. And in all this one government seems little better or worse
than that formed by its political
opponents. I remember six or
seven years ago a strong agitation
was made to induce the government
of that day to supply the land offices throughout the province with
up-to date maps showing the areas
settled and the vacant Crown lands
suitable for agriculture, and to instruct every government agent that
he must display such maps in a
public place and keep them in accord with the lands recorded in hie
books. But it came to naught,
and the same vicious system, or
lack of system exists now as it did
then.
In the whole of this enormous
district, extending from the main
line of the C. P. R. at Sicamous to
the international boundary line-and
from Christina lake to the Similkameen, there is only one land office.
Records are issued in some cases
with the utmost indifference as to
the present tenure of the land, and
ip others endless restrictions are
made for no apparent reason. It
is not reasonable. that one official
can have perfect knowledge of such
a vast territory when he has no
accurate maps to guide him, and
the blame of the present unsatisfactory state of affairs lies at the
door of several generations of Provincial Governments. He can
only guess from   the   description
given by an applicant where the
desired land lies, and small blame
to him if sometimes he grants
records to two or more people for
the same piece of land.
The most absurd regulation at
present is that which requires a
pre-emptor to make nn affidavit to
the effect that there are no existing
mineral claims on the 'land covered
by his application. As every one
knows, only along the creekB in
this rocky, rugged district of ours
is there any quantity of good land
to be found, while the mineral
claittiB are generally on the heights
above. Now a miner certainly
does not want agricultural land on
bis claim (capitalists do not buy
farms when they want mines,) and
be is nencrnlly overjoyed when
some "mossback" goes in for growing vegetables as near to him as
possible. There is no conflict of
interests between the two classes.
The rancher does not want rocky
hillside, so he has no desire to en-
ii'onch tin the miner's portion of
Dnme Nature. Yet, here the Land
Department in its wisdom steps in
and says to the would-be pre-emptor: "Because you have two or
three mineral claims cornering on
your land, and because on that account you cannot take the affidavit
we require of you, you cannot have
any of the ground, even that which
the mineral claims do not include!"
What absolute nonsense this is I
We will suppose a reasonable man
to arrive in a mineral district. He
says to himself "The market here
is of the best; I will take up a preemption. I see some mineral
claims running down on this flat
which I wish to stake, but there
will be plenty left for me after they
are surveyed, and I have not the
least objection to their taking what
belongs to them by priority." He
would apply to the government,
stating the facts, that out of his
application for 160 or 320 acres
approximately so many acres
were cut out by prior mineral
claims, but there was so much land
left BUitable for agricultural purposes; and an equally reasonable
government would issue a record
for him, expressly reserving the
surface rights enjoyed by the
claim-holders until such time as
the claims were crown-granted or
abandoned, in which latter case
they would give the rancher the
option of including their area in
his pre-emption. How much better
this would be than the present-system by which small tracts of choice
land are isolated by mineral claims
and rendered unavailable for farming purposes. And the Recording
Angel would have less to do I
| Again, in the districts where
there are no mineral claims, the
laud-seeker is confronted with the
difficulty of telling what land is
vacant. Some of our cattle barons
own thousands of acres, hut not
content with their possessions they
often seek to hold adjacent Crown
lands by means of "bluff" which
often enough deceives the would-be
pre-emptor. I know of several
cases in the Okanagan valley where
large tracts of land were held from
settlement because every one
thought they belonged to certain
cattle kings, a belief which those
monarchs were not backward in
fostering. The land office could
'throw no light on the matter, their
maps being antiquated and useless,
and the only course open to enquirers was to make a long and expensive trip to Victoria and perhaps spend weeks pouring over
maps and records there. The evil
haB not yet been removed and will
not be until some fresh and business-like ideas are infused into that
ancient mummy entitled the Department of Lands and Works.
The Province maintains at Victo-
toria an immigratioli agent, whose
duties must be it sinecure, seeing
that the present, methods of tbe
land department are calculated to
scare away settlers. Other provinces are spending large sums of
money in the importation of Douk-
hobors, Mehnonites, Galicians nnd
other unwashed persons from central European countries, and it is
to be presumed the land laws of
those provinces are liberal and curried out in such a way as to induce
settlement. Why then, should British Columbia be 80 backward when
she can oiititin the cream nf the
immigrants from the Old Country
and the United States ? Surely
our need of tillers of the soil is us
great as that of other provinces.
We want vegetables, fruits and beef
for our miners, and everyone will
agree that it is better tn prod lice
those things within our own borders
and retain the money paid for them,
than send our hard-earned dollars
away to the East or Northwest.
Our province may be a sea of
mountains, but there are many
little oases in the sea that are capable of supplying all our wants if
brought under cultivation, and all
that is needed to bring about this
end is to encourage people to seek
farms by giving them all. possible
information, and by the construction of exploratory roads and
trails, by Burveys of little-known
partB of the province, and by monetary aid to deserving settlers. Our
land laws are liberal enough and
need only to be thoroughly administered.
Of all the means of development
I have stated nothing could surpass that of exploratory trails and
roads. When we consider what
the Dewdney trail has done to open
up our mineral resources we must
wonder that thirty long years have
gone by since its construction and
yet no government has had the
courage to follow the noble example
of the pioneers. Through mile
after mtte of the densest forest and
scrub those dauntless men cut their
way, carrying the trails over the
highest summits with easy sweeping grades that are yet the admiration of engineers; often hundreds
The Yale-Columbia  Lumber Co.,
LIMITED.
MANUFACTURERS
OF  ALL KINDS OF
Rough and Dressed Lumber, Lath, Shingles,
Mouldings and Turnings.
Principal Hills at CASCADE, B. C
te Wife tary ^��
EXTRA   FINE
Lager Beer!
Brewed Especially for Export.
Warranted to Keep in Any Climate.
H*Hi
���*   THE SPACE BELOW
of miles from their base of supplies;
often amongst a half-tamed Indian
population, yet carrying on the
work with unflagging perseverance
until it was completed, a boon unspeakable to the prospectors of the
past and present. Why is it that
such a noble example has not been
followed in subsequent years? I
fear there is only one answer. In
the old days British Columbia
once had provincial autonomy
apart from Vancouver Island, and
then Victoria did not rule the roost.
Even when the two colonies were
united, two or three years before
Confederation, Vjctoria did not as-
Bert herself as the predominant
factor for several years. Her influence gradually grew as she outdistanced New Westminister, the
old capital of British Columbia, in
population, and by the end of
the eighties the people of Victoria
imagined they were the whole province. Correspondingly, the development of the interior was neglected and Vancouver island received
the lion's share of the expenditures
of public money. But those times are
gone, a new age is upon us, and it is
time for the government of the day
to recognize the fact. Kootenay'nod
Yale are gradually acquiring the
preponderance of voting strength,
and when the interior people become conscious of their strength,
the days of government by Victoria
will soon be over.
What we need in British Columbia is men of progressive ideas, who
will not he content to tread in the
way their fathers trod, hut will inaugurate a vigorous policy of development which will fill our valleys with a thriving agricultural
population, and people our hills
with thousands of miners. Our
present government is as sadly deficient in the "go" that is needed as
any of its predecessors. Let our
public men have a sublime faith in
our future such as has animated
New Zealand and Australia, and let
them put their hand to the plough
nor look back upon the furrow
they have made, and all will be
well. "Advance British Columbia!'
53*
Hi
m
K*
1
8
Hi
It
S*
fi*
h
81*
S|
Is too small in which to tell you what a
complete line of
Groceries,
Patent Medicines.
Miners' Supplies,
of all kinds;
Also, Hay and Oats,
That is always on hand at
k
ii
If
SlB
M %;*$* 4* 4* 4* $ 4* *t*|4* $ 4* 4& 4* 4* 4* #
Buy from them and Save Money THB   CASCADE   RECORD
March IS, 1*01
DREW THE LINE AT THE CHEESE.
Sim Thought It About the Worst He had
Ever Eaten.
"Recently I visited a small town
in the southern part of Kentucky,"
eays a correspondent of the Denver
News, "and called on the only
merchant of the place. I found him
-opening a case of axle grease. He
took off the lid of one of the small
boxes of yellow grease and left it
uncovered.
Soon an old colored man came
in, and noticing the axle grease,
eaid:
"Good mornin', Massa Johnson,
what am dem little cheeses worf ?"
"About 15 cents, I reckon, Sam,''
said the merchant.
"S'pose if I buys one you'll frow
in de crackers ?"
"Yes- Sam."
Sam put his hand in his pocket
and fished out 15 cents and Mr.
Johnson took his scoop and dipped
up some crackers.
"Sam picked up the uncovered
box and the crackers and went to
the back part of the store. Then
he took out his knife and fell to
���eating.
Another customer came in and
Mr. Johnson lost sight of his colored friend for a moment. Presently
Mr. Johnson went to the rear of the
store and eaid:
"Well, Sam, how goes it?"
" Say, Massa Johnson, dem
crackers is all right, hut dat am
the ransomest cheese I ebber et."
C. A. Raught, president of the
Easter Sunday mining company;
Arthur E. Stripe, one of the directors; Joseph Petrie, another interested gentleman, and Master
Charles Stripe, son of Mr. Stripe,
arrived here last Sunday from
Waukegan and Ivanhoe, Illinois.
The party, which represents a large
amount of capital and any quantity of genuine "push," will remain
all summer actively developing
' their property, which, as is well
known, is one of the best in the
Pierre Lake district.���Bossburg
Journal. 	
Three Dally Trains  Between  Ogden  and
Denver.
The increase of transcontinental
travel by way of Salt Lake City in
consequence of the scenic and other
attractions nf the route, has recently
justified the Rio Grande Western
Railway���in connection with the
Denver.& Rio Grande and Colorado Midland Railroads���says the
Salt Lake Tribune, in establishing
a triple daily fast passenger service
between Ogden and Denver. All
of these trains are equipped with
the latest appliances, improvements
and cars. This road now operates
through sleepers between Chicago,
Ogden and San Francisco, also a
perfect dining service. Send 2c
postage for literature, rates or other
information to J. D. Mansfield, 253
Washington street, Portland, Ore.;
or to Geo. W. Heintz, General
Passenger Agent,  Salt Lake City.
Tmn Marks
DCSIONS
.... Copyrights Ac.
Anyone sending�� sketch and description may
quickly ..certain our opinion free whether an
BrentM Is prohably patentable. Communlca.
tlons strictly confidential. Handbook on Patent.
���ent free, oldest aaency for .ecorlni[Patents.
Patent, taken throuuh Mann i Co. recelye
tpecial notice, without charge. In the
Scientific American.
A handsomoly Illustrated weekly. Lareest clr-
ni atlon of any .olentluo Journal. Terms, 13 ���
par- four month., IL Sold byall newsdealers.
CASCADE,
a a ��� q ��� a
! Hirst U-.ddit ifcrlj  to chAsCADp:
AvCNliC      1
Sccond Ave.  "
iBralSSilli
fip [DIED nffib [Dill! EP
DM] HEED HfttU IM1J ffilffi
VVwrui
"jS1?,       V.'CVr.MTM -<We. SOUT
The coming Commercial, Industrial and Mining Centre ot Bast Yale.
The Gateway City
Of the Kettle River, Boundary
Creek and Christina Lake Countries.
A Magnificent Water Power of 20,000 Horse Power.
The center of a marvellously RICH MINERAL DISTRICT. A most promising opportunity for business
locations and realty investments. A most advantageous smelter location and railroad center. One mile from Christina
Lake, the Great Pleasure Resort.   For further information, price of lots, etc., address,
GEO. K. STOCKER, Townsite Agent, Cascade, B. C.     [Or L. A. HAMILTON, Land Com. C. P. R., Winnipeg, Man
That We
Can Do
All Kinds
And ALL
Styles of
wiiMiiu,,iUi.i,imiMi,ii��,im
Fine Printing
wmmnmmnwtmmNwmmm
A Test
Of Our
Artistic Skill
Will Prove.
Qive Us a Trial.
wmmmmimmuttmummm

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