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Cascade Record May 19, 1900

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Array ���*,-
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THE CASCADE RECORD
Published In the Interests of the Boundary and Christina Lake   Mining Districts
t)
Vol. II.
CASCADE, B. C, MAY 19, 1900.
No. 28.
-. i-
QEOLOQY OF BURNT BASIN
Kenneth L. Burnet Makes a Careful Examination of the District.
NOTES ON WHAT IS BEING DONE THERE
Properties Which Could Not Fall to Please
Mining Men���There are Prospect Holes
Everywhere, Surrounded by Oood Ore.
Kenneth L. Burnet of Rossland,
bus been in the Burnt Basin district recently, and gives his impressions of the region to the Rossland
Miner.
The auriferous part of the district
is, as yet known, confined between
two porphyritic dykes about half a
mile apart, which, running parallel
with each other, cross the north
and south basins, running in a
north northeasterly and south
southwesterly direction for a distance north and south, which at
present 4s not accurately known,
and is" not marked upon any geological survey. Between these huge
dykes, whose course can easily be
traced by even a casual observer,
lie the metaliferous veins of this
district. These run parallel with
the dykes, their dip being nearly
vertical, but with a slight inclination to the east. To the southern
half of this basin a good government trail has been built from
Gladstone, about two and a half
miles away. Here there are very
many claims staked out, and there
is hardly one which, lying between
the great porphyritic dykes, has
not at least a good showing. In
fact, Mr. Burnet declares the surface showing in this district would
more than compare favorably with
those of any other that he had seen
in the Kootenays.
There are prospect h.iles everywhere over the ground, six or eight
feet deep, each with a little pile of
ore���good ore���lying beside it. The
metaliferous veins are of galena,
free milling quartz and base gold-
copper. The Mother Lode, on the
main lead, has two veins, one of
free milling quartz and the other
base gold-copper ore. This particular property has had a great deal
of work done on it, and has a particularly good showing. Adjoining
thu property is the Tammany group
which has wonderful surface indications. Mr. Burnet said he saw
outcrops of such marvelous richness that it almost pays a prospector to pack them on his back down
the 25 miles of trail into Rossland.
Not much work has yet been done
on this group, which lies southerly
of the Mother Lode. Next come
the Unexpected and Mecklenburg,
on which quite recently a vein was
uncovered containing native silver,
free milling quartz and native copper, which is a very uncommon
combination to be found on the
same lead. Ore is exposed on many
of the claims south of the Mecklenburg, among which are the Tunnel,
Aldiue, Kilty, and Cooper's Solid
Gold group, on which latter there is
shipping ore in several places. Also
the Mystery, Ennismore���with an
exceptionally fine outcrop���and Dr.
McKenzie's Hastings. Any one of
these claims, Mr. Burnet states, is
fully worth a mining man's time to
go and examine carefully;
North of these groups is opening
up what is known as the northern
basin, in which the prospectors are
finding equally good results. Mr.
But net is going out next week with
the intention of running survey
lines and maping out the whole of
this interesting section, which at
present has nearly a hundred
claims located upon it.
The only route at present is by
rail to Gladstone via Trail and
Robson, the fare-being $8. Twenty-
five miles of government trail from
Rossland, will carry the prospector
and his pack horses there comfortably in one day.
TOWN AND BOUNDARY NOTES.
Postoffices have been established
at the City of Paris mine ami Summit City.
The rains and cool weather of
this week, have been a great help
to vegetation.
The travel through the gateway
city, Cascade, into the Boundary
country still continues to increase.
The Phoenix Spur of the Columbia and Western, has reached that
town, the rails now being down.
The next sitting in this district
of the County Court of Yale, will
be held at Greenwood on Tuesday,
June 26.
Mayor Hardy of Greenwood, is
reported to be a very sick man. He
is receiving medical treatment at
some hot springs in Arkansas.
The Dominion Supply store received another carload of dynamite
and blasting powder this week.
Work is to be resumed on three
important mines, the Great Hopes,
and Morrison mines in Deadwood
camp, and the Winnipeg.
The Midway Advance hits the
nail on the head when it says: "A
man's first duty to his country is
to tell the editor the news of hiB
neighborhood."
Hon. C. H. Macintosh, accompanied by James Martin, M. P., has
been spellbinding the yarhoos of
the Boundary the past week. He
passed through Cascade Thursday.
Jimmy   Woods,   of Greenwood,
and   A.   D.  McDonald    of Grand
Forks, will have a 20-round  go at
the Alhambra theatre, on the 24th.
Each contestant has posted $100 in
the former town.
G. J. Simmons and H. S. Turner
have recorded pre-emption claims of
320 acres each on Sutherland creek
near the railroad and adjoining the
claim of Donald Dunbar. They
propose to have in five years
$5,000 farms there.
Paul Johnson, manager of the
Mother Lode smelter, at Greenwood, has gone to New York,
whence he sails for France to take
in the Paris exposition. On his return Mr. Johnson will goto Sweden
and bring his family to British Columbia.
At a meeting of the Phoenix
Board of Trade, it was decided to
endorse the Kettle River Tramway
aut, and that the special committee
of 15, appointed by the council, tn
wait on Premier Martin and Candidate Curtis, should be continued,
to wait on Candidate Mackintosh,
and secure his pledge along the
same lines.
The Greenwood Times prints the
following: A special proclamation
issued by President Donnelly of the
International Typographical union
grants jurisdiction to the Greenwood union over all the printing
officers established or that may
hereafter be established in the
Boundary district, between the
towns of Cascade City and Camp
McKinney, including the West
Fork of Kettle river and Canyon
creek. The local union will endeavor to bring into the I. T. U. all
non-union printers.
D. D Ferguson recently wrote to
Hon. Hewitt Bostock, M. P., relative to the matter of stocking Christina lake with fish. Mr. Bostock
took a favorable view of the proposition, wrote Mr. Ferguson that he
had referred his request t�� the
Minister of Marine and Fisheries,
and that he would give tbe subject
his attention, remarking, however,
that it might be too late to attempt
stocking the lake this season. The
matter is an important one, and if
the waters of the lake could lie
seeded as proposed, it would prove
of great benefit to the whole section. The lake now produces fish
but not very plentifully.
The Nelson papers claim that the
C. P. R. company is preparing to
expend $100,000 in that city this
summer for needed improvements.
THE PREMIER AT VICTORIA
The Premier Royally Received on His
Return to the Coast
HIS INTERIOR TOUR A GREAT SUCCESS
City Band and Long Procession ol Citizens
Escort Him from Station to Committee
Rooms���The Opposition Tired, Not He.
A special dispatch to The Record
from Vancouver under date of May
17, states that Premier Martin received a magnificent reception on
his arrival in that city from a tour
of the interior. A long procession
of carriages headed by the city
band marched from the station to
the committee rooms, where the
Premier delivered a short addres*,.
stating that not he, but the opposition was feeling tired. Many candidates from other constituencies
participated in the reception, and
took part in the evening public
meeting, which was addressed by
Mr. Martin, D. G. McDonnel and
others. Great enthusiasm was manifested. The meeting was a record
breaker.
Making Friends Past
Premier Martin is making friends
fast. He is gaining strength in the
southern portion of the province
daily. Smith Curtis is assured of
election in the Rossland riding.���
Similkameen Star.
An Ambiguous Platform.
The deepseated impression that
Mr. C. H. Mackintosh, the conservative nominee for the provincial legislature, is not in sympathy with
the toiling masses, is due to the
ambiguous phraseology of his platform which is anything but definite
on that or any other vital point.
Mackintosh Ignores the Boundary Printers.
That Hon. C.H Mackintosh is not
what he would seem on the labor
question is evident in various ways.
He is flooding the Boundary with
documentary claptrap printed at the
ofiice of the erpecial organ, if not
the chattel, of the Associated Mines
Association, The Rossland Record,
the institution and paper which
strove fiercely to destroy the miners'
unions in the Slocan���and this
while ignoring the Boundary printers. Straws tell which way the
wind blows. 	
The C. P. R. company donated
$500 for the relief of the sufferers
by the Sandon fire.
Vots for Smith Curtis, the miners'
friend. ������������������������
^mmwmm^mm
THE   CASCADE   RECORD
M��,v 19, 19*1*
t
MMtMMMM  hHIt MMMI tlMIMMMM I ���-���-���-���-���-���-��� I M M
^
TME B. C.
MERCANTILE:
MINING SYNDICATE:
AND
K
Our Stock Taking lias Revealed Various Remnants and
Slightly Shop-soiled Goods which we will Sell
AT COST!
WE CAN ALSO SUPPLY
Hardware, Boots, Clothing, Drugs, Stationery,
Groceries, and all Miners' Requirements, at the
Lowest Rates in Town!
<��tje #iSSes* ^elections aiib C^pest prices arc to be
ftad at ttje
Branches at Gladstone, English Point (Christina lake) and at Eagle City on North Fork.        ,
Assay office and Long Distance Telephone at CASCADE.
HHB!
J
���mmmrnimmmm May 19, 1900
THE CASCADE RECORD
11
>.
GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP OP RAILWAYS.
Among the objections brought
against the government ownership
of railways, is the fa<-t that Canada
is yet only a partially settled and
sparsely peopled- country. In the
words of the objectors, "Canada is
too young a country for such a
thing." IL'uch objectors say that,
although an old and wealthy country like Germany may carry out
such a scheme with success, an attempt to do the same thing in Canada would reduce this country to a
state of bankruptcy.
Such a contention  is, however,
not well founded. It is really much
easier to establish government ownership of rail ways in a country which
is partially  settled, than iu an old
and thickly settled country,  as, in
a country  that is  thickly settled,
where almost all the  railways required are already built, the government in order to obtain possession of them, must pay  immense
sums for watered stock, while in a
new country, the government can
borrow money at a low rate of interest and build the railways.    In
such a case the running expenses
and the interest on the actual cost
of construction, must alone be provided for, unless the government
wishes to pay off the principal  in
instalments, in which case the interest will decrease as the principal
is paid,   and  finally  nothing will
have to he provided for but the run*
ning expenses  and   necessary  repairs.   In  Germany   the   government  had  to pay a  much  larger
amount for the railways than their
original cost, and  if the Canadian
people were to purchase the Canadian Pacific Railway at the present
time, they would have to  buy millions of dollars worth of watered
stock at par, th at is, they  would
probably have to   pay   twice as
much  for the  road  as it  cost to
build and equip- it.   It would  be
unjust to pay less than the market
price of the stock, as there are many
innocent holders of C. P. R. stock,
who  had  nothing to do with  the
watering    operation,     aud     who
bought th��*ir stock at par.    The
Canadian people, in purchasing the
stock, could  not justly  repudiate
the watering of it, and buy the railway at its actual  worth, as hy so
doing they would injure innocent
shareholders who bought their stock
at par, aud who  would be entitled
to receive the market price for it.
In the case of the projected transcontinental railway which is associated with the names of Messrs
Mackenzie & Maun, the circumstances are different. That railway
is m>t vet built, and it is to pass
through a part of Canada which is
at present, scarcely settled at all.
The resources of the part of Canada
through which it is t�� pass, h>w-
ever, are greiter than those of the
part through  which  the C. P. R.
continental  line   in  America.   It on the Canadian Pacific and other
will run through a magnificent
mining and agricultural region in
North Western Ontar.o. It will
run from Winnipeg lo the Rocky
Mountains over the Portage Plains,
and through the Dauphin, Swan
River, Red Deer River, Carrot River, Prince Albert, Battle River and
Edmonton Districts, and this territory in agricultural resources is
probably superior to any other
territory of a similar length in the
world. The resources are at present
practically undeveloped.- The towns
to a great extent have not yet been
founded, and they will not come
into existence till the railway is
built. From the Rocky Mountains
to the Pacific Ocean, it will pass
through the Cariboo and Coast
Districts, which are noted for their
mining and other resources. The
Canadian government can borrow
money at a low rate of interest,
build and equip this railway, and
then run it so as to give much lower passenger and freight rates than
would be given by a company, as
such a company would certainly
water the stock to a large extent,
and then charge excessively high
rates for the purpose of raising the
value of the shares to par. If the
government built the road, there
would be no stock at all, and only
such rates would have to be charged
as would pay the running expenses, the interest on the actual cost,
and the instalments as they become
due, if it were considered wise to
pay the principal gradually. If the
principal were paid, nothing but
the running expenses and necessary
repairs would have to be provided
for. If the Canadian government
were to buy the Canadian Pacific
railway, paying the market price
for the stock, and were also to build
the proposed transcontinental road
which is popularly known as the
Machenzie & Mann road, and to
combine the whole into one government system, they would be in a
position to give lower passenger
and freight rates than are at present given on the C. P. R., and also
lower rates on the other transcontinental line than would be given by
a company, if it were built by one.
existing lines, whose watered stock
would be bought at or near par. n
can be seen, therefore, that the people living along the existing lines
would, under government ownership, have to pay considerably
lower rates than they have to pay
now, and the people who will hereafter settle   in   the new districts,
where lines have not vet been built 1   And further take notice that action, nnder sec-
; J tlun 87, must be commenced before the issuance
of such Certificate of Improvement!.
Dated this 5th day of April, 1900,
F. C. GREEN.
MINREAL ACT, 18*.
,        Certificate ef Improveonati.
NOTICE.
ROMAN KAUIiE Mineral Claim, situate in
the Grand Forks Mining Division ot Yale Distriot.
Where located-.���About a mile southeast of Casoade City.
Take Notice that I, PS C. Green, of Nelson, acting as agent for J. J. Walker, Free Miner's
Certificate No. B27.625, intend sixty days from
date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder
for a Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose
of obtaiuig a Crown Grant of the above Claim.
would, also, under government ownership, have to pay much lower
rates than they would have to pay
to companies, if such companies
were allowed to build the lines and
then to water the stock and try to
obtain high dividends.
Those persons, therefore, who contend that Canada is too new a
country to attempt to carry out the
government ownership of railways
are altogether wrong. The newness of the country is an immense
advantage, and not a disadvantage,
as these people think. If Canada had built the Canadian Pacific
railway as a government road, there
would not now be millions of dollars worth of watered stock selling
at par, and the people of this country would now be charged lower
passenger and freight rates, as they
would not be required to furnish
dividends on twice the actual cost
of building,equipping and running
the road. John Simpson.
passes, and  in  fact, greater than
those tributary to any other trans-
They would not, however, be able
to give as low rates on the new
transcontinental line as they would
be able to give, if they were to build
it alone, and decline to buy the
Canadian Pacific rail way,as the sum
necessary to pay for the water in
the C. P. R. stock would, in part,
have to be provided by the new
line, if all the government lines
were to he combined into a single
system. The passenger and freight
rates on the new trnlie-continental
line and other lines to be built by
the government would have to be
high enough, not only to make
those lines pay their own way, but
to give the government a moderate profit, so that this profit
might enable the government to reduce the passenger and freight rates I
Mr. Stewart, formerly of Vancouver, now chief of the fire department of Dawson, was in Nelson
ihis week, Mr. Stewart has a force
of 22 paid men. The equipment
consists in pari, of three steam fire
engines and 9000 feet of hose. Last
winter the department had a. fire a
day on an average. The city is of
wood, and there are no brick chimneys. Mr. Stewart is of opinion
that Dawson is on the map to stay.
This year the output will be $20,-
1/00,000 in dust.
Roadmaster H. L. Johnston, has
built himself a neat little cottage
in Greenwood, where his family
will reside.
THE
RAPID STAGE
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Cascade to Bossburg !
Local Office at Hotel Cascade.
BELL <fe DUNCAN, Props.
STEAMER
"MYRTLE B.
������
PLYING ON
BEAUTIFUL CHRISTINA LAKE
Excursion Parties
and Freight
Carried to Order.
Wave the Flag at the foot of the Lake when you
desire either Steamer or Rowboats.
BEN. LAVALLEY, Oapt.
******** V ******** THE  CASCADE   RECORD
May 19, INI
THE CASCADE RECORD
Published on Saturdays at Cascade, B. C.
BY H. 5. TURNER. ���
SUBSCRIPTIONS.
PerYear  &2.0U
Six Months     1.35
To Foreign Omntriis     2,60
Advertising Rates Furnished on Application.
MAFEKING AT LAST-HURRAH!
To-day the entire civilized world
will be ringing with praise of the
hero of Africa, Sir Genge Baden-
Powell. The news came through
yesterday���from South Africn in 7
minutes���that Mafeking,hot,dusty,
���dirty, hungry, thirsty aud heroic
beyond earthly compulation was at
last saved and set free. The British
nation will be frenzied with joy; its
'pent up feelings will break beyond
���control, and it will want to make Sir
-George, Baron Mafeking on the spot,
and give every soldier under him
the Victoria Cross, and well they
deserve it.
NOTE AND COMMENT.
T. Graham is advertising in the
Trout Lake Topic for 100 marten
skins. The Conservatives of British Columbia would be satisfied
with one Martin skin, if it were the
right one, and are risking big sums
to get it.'
Seemingly Mr. Mackintosh went
��ast just after his nomination, to
refresh his memory relative to hit.
attitude toward labor organizations
twenty odd years ago. In discussing ancient history, he evidently
;iim8 to conceal current events. Mr.
Mackintosh's printed platform is
neither one .thing or the other on
���present issues, and the voters of
this riding will look more to that
���document than to his rostrum
assertions about what he did twenty
years ago.
While Charles Wilson, Q. C, is
circulating a speech delivered hy
himself in Vancouver, printed on
newspaper with a printer's ink and
press, he announces in that pamphlet with which he is flooding the
country, for the purpose of influencing votes in his favor, that the
newspapers of the province cannot
influence a single vote. That is tn
say that his publication will do
���what all others combined cannot
-do. That is egotism in the superlative degree. He pits his pamphleted
-speech against the combined influence of the press of the province.
He defies the press; and throws
down the gauntlet to it Whether
Mr. Wilson is successful in this
contest or not, the press of the
province will not forget this fling,
and he will find it coming hack to
him some day like a boomerang.
Railway Officials on a Tosr of Inspection.
D. McNicoll, general manager
and second vice-president of the C.
P. R., made a tour of the Columbia
& Western branch this week. These
frequent visits of railway magnates
will result in good to the Boundary, for they can get but good impressions of the country, and these
impressions will result in closer
attentions to its interests. There
were said to be sixteen other railway
officials in Mr. McNicoll's retinue,
the entire party journeying in the
special car Metapedia. Among the
number besides the general manager were: Robert Ker, passenger-
traffic manager; G. M. Brownell,
of Montreal, freight and traffic manager; R. Marpole, Vancouver, general superintendent of the Pacific
divison; VV. R. Mclnuis, Winnipeg,
general freight agent; E. J. Coyle,
-ts-istani general passenger age i;
F. F. Hobbes, Revelstoke, general
storekeeper of the Pacific division;
J. Johnftone, Fernie, general manager of the Crow's Nest Coal company; F. P. Gutelius, resident engineer for Kootenay; A. Purvis, secretary to Mr. Marpole; F. W.
Peters, assistant general freight
agent; J. W. Troup, division superintendent; J.G. Sullivan,construction engineer, and H. T. Wilgress,
land agent.
BRIEF LOCAL MENTION.
- D. D. Ferguson is in Rossland on
business.
Robert Kelman and Geo. Ritchie
entertained a few friends at their
new home Wednesday evening.
Dick Darrow has gone to Burnt
Basin, where he will pass most of
the summer, doing assessment work
on various claims for other parties.
Mr. 0. 8. Stocker was elected
Treasurer of the new city of Republic. He ran on the citizen's ticket.
He is a brother of Mr. G. K. Stocker of Cascade.
It appears that Smith Curtis is a
strong favorite with the voters in
the Boundary, especially with the
miners, and that his election is a
foregone conclusion.
C. H. Thomas of the Hotel Cascade, has provided himself with a
spanking team of greys. They are
well proportioned, well mated and
the right weight for good mountain
roadsters.
Midway is making preparations
to entertain, amuse and thrill with
patriotism the people of the entire
Boundary country on the Queen's
birthday. No douht her effort* will
be successful, and many will enjoy
the hospitality and sports thus provided.
There was a terrific linguistic
clatter in,the Italian suburbs of
Cascade when Contractor Quinlivan paid off his men in time-
checks. They appeared tn have a
difficulty in getting them cashed,
due probably to lack of, information in the matter.
Mr. Roderick McRae returned
from the Similkameen country last
Saturday. Mr. McRae says it is a
fine country, but that there is little
use of going there expecting to find
good land vacant. It has all been
grabbed; Some owners holding
tracts as large as 50 miles in length
and various widths. Under such
conditions the single-tax theory
would work admirably. The land
grabber would be glad to have some
one relieve him of his tax burden.
Active operations on the open
cuts of the Water Power company's
works here have heen temporarily
suspended. Work on the tunnel
is, however, being pushed with all
possible vigor both night and day.
Mr. S. F. Quinlivan says he will remain here subject to orders to resume the completion of his contract
any day. On another page will be
found a summary of the report of
the last general annual meeting of
the London & B. C.Goldfields Syndicate, which controls the develp-
ment work. The report is very
gratifying to the shareholders; the
means of the corporation are unlimited. The work here will not
be permitted to lag, and orders to
complete the open cut work will not
be long delayed.
P. BURNS & CO.'S
KABHT    J^ARKBT.
Live and Dressed Poultry,
Fresh and Salted Meat.
F. GRIBI, T\gr.
SECOND AVENUE
CASCADE CITY, B. C.
mmmmmmmmmmmmimmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmimmmmmmmwm.
mmmmmmmm
The Cascade Sawmill.
A large stock of Rough
and Dressed Lumber.
Laths, Shingles, flouldings, Etc
Estimates Furnished and
Prompt Delivery Made.
Correspondence Solicited.
JOHN EARLE, Prop,
The Wm. Hamilton
HANUFACTURING COMPANY,
LIMITED.
MINING riACHINERY
PETERBOROUGH, ONT,
....CANADA.-
We do not keep "everything
under the sun," but we
have in stock just what
you want when you start
out in the hills or "up the
line."
J. LYNQHOLM
Clothing,
Boots,
Shoes, Etc.
.��
CASCADE, B. C.
0 1��
May 10,1900.
THE CASCADE RECORD
��.3.s.SG3.��.��e3K.scse3��
MERE'S  A   JOINTER.
If You Wish
To keep thoroughly posted on the fast
moving events in the growing Boundary and Christina Lake sctions, there is
only one way to accomplish it, viz:
Just get in line, follow the
crowd and subscribe to..
��� '.<=.' j-
pe Cascade Record
<i^_...
> It costs only Two Dollars to get
in out of the wet, and receive 52
copies of the Record. Printed
on good paper with good t#p6
and good ink.
POULTRY RAISING.
jliiist week we made reference to
the miiiter of strawberry growing
in this petition, which is most admirably adapted to  that industry.
Another profitable occupation
winch could"he generally engaged
in here is poultry raising. There
will always he a good demand iu
thit- country for "hen fruit." There
is no need for the unemployed to
think or feel that they are absolutely dependent on the capitalist
for an opportunity to gain,.a livelihood. There are many.''oillings
which one may take up" without
auy capital to speak of. Poultry
raising is one 'ojf "them. Of course
the beginning without means would
be HTrrrill. A henery of layers would
much more than pay for themselves
and their keep the tirst*yeaY. Bight:
here in Cascade, strawberry growing and poultry rffiMirg cuqfd he*
made u great success, which Would
liring thousands of dollars to the
community.
;Kvery;experienced farmer knows
I hat when a mild spell of weather
occurs in winter the hens begin to
lay, and then cease when the temperature is low. This fact demon*
st rates that warmth has much influence on laying*, and thai" warm
quarters are essential to egg production. When the hens can go on the
fields,in the spring and forage they
secure'-a large amount of insect
food. During the winter a sub��ti-
tuie for such foods may be allowed
in the form of cut hone, ground
meat, fresh meat and a change of
grains. Corn and wheat make excellent foods during cold weather,
but a variety of foods must he giv-
eii in order to have the hens produce eggs.
Experience iu poultry raising
shows that a chick well hatched is
a chick half raised. Be sure eggs
are fresh when put under the hen
or into the incubator. Never feed
chicks or take them from the nest
until they are at. least 24 hours old.
Then give them all the sharp grit
they will eat, some white bread and
milk (or hard boiled eggs; later
some corn bread. This feed until
they are a week old, feeding often,
but not too much at a time. " With
this treatment, and plenty of fresh,
cool WHter,:yot^ill not have.much
trouble if^you. keep the chicks free
from lice. Above all things don't
depend on the old hen to'feed the
chicks, as did the New England
preacher., He Jiad a. ivice little flock,
with a hen But they were slowly
,dy.ing,pnB byoney'ai.rdfie c^u|d,nut
undVrstand why. ' So he ealled in
a friend,-and after explaining the
symptoms; etc., the friend asked
what he had fed them. "Feed
them!" said he, "why, don't the
mother feed them* $ust asf other
mothers do?,); This kind, of neglect is not. often the case, however.
The greatest faults are too much
food, loo long intervals between
feeds and poorly prepared foods, it
is also very common to neglect the
fresh water supply and the sharp
grit. Too many of us believe in the
proverbial "sand," .when sand or
gravel is not what the chicken
wants, but.real sharp grit. Many
flocks of young chicks die with
seemingly a contagious disease,
when really lice are sapping their
very life blood. Lice cause 90 per
cent of the deaths among young
chicks.
Aii  increase in the number of
eggs, if it lie only 10 eggs increase
per hen. for a year, means 500 eggs,
or from five to ten dollars additional profit, with no extra expense in
care and feed, says the Parmer of
St. Paul. Now a good cockerel from
a prolific laying strain will often
make a difference of 10 eggs per
fowl in the pullets which he sires.
Yet if the eggs were the only consideration it would be a very profitable investment. But when by
buying a cockerel which has size
and shape as well as egg production running in his blood,
the gain is much greater; for instance, a gain of one pound each
for'the flock Would mean 50 pounds
of e^tra meat, which, with the pullets'extra weight, would bring the
extra, income up to, sqmething lijce
MQ^��:'||f-jOS.id'.nieai alone, aiidwtth
t.h��t-'4��f* the eggs .would givadn,
ifvln1<f'fi|ui es yields kit froifv *13 to1'
$25 or'$Sj), a'oij iii some cases, where
good,; prices are obtained and very,
poor" stock is kept, the profit wojrhV
be greater. ^
Victoria City Council has fallen
into line with, the idea of public,
ownership of telegraph 'and telephone lines. At its last meeting it
unanimously resolved: "That this
council do petition the parliament
of Canada at its next session to
pass an act to authorijsb the Honorable Postmaster-General to acquire
all the existing telegraph and tele-
phone lines and systems, and make
such extensions to and operate the
same in connection with and as
part of the postal system of Canada, or, in the alternative, to construct a new system or systems of
telegraph and. telephones, or both,
and operate same as aforesaid?'
Talk is proverbially cheap, but
it may he much cheaper when the
opposition lines to the Bell telephone monopoly are established
throughout the country.	
Spokane Falls & Northern Railway Co.
Nelson & Ft. Sheppard liailway Co.
RM Mountain'Railway Co.
The only Hll-rnll'Tuiito between III points oust,
west und south to Rossland, Nelson and intermediate points; connecting ut Spokane with the
Great Northern, Northern Pacific and O. B. & N.
Co. '. :
:   '!      i   ':<    ft-? '���':.   b*.r:-til *'M   '���*���'
Connects at Nelspn with, steamer for Kaslwand
all Kootenai lake points.        ,-'������'<    ^   ~
j 'cWieotiiit Meyers Falls wiih" stake" Wily 'for
Republic, and connects at Bossberg with stage -
daily for Orand Forks and Greenwood.
L E A V E     ,���     ��� ���      :'..:.   ARRIVE:
10:20 am' .Spokane    6:30 p m
11:45 am.     Rossland    5:15 p m
9:15 a iii     Nelson        7:35 p m
H. A.JACKSON,
Gf nern I Passenger Agent,
MINERAL ACT.
Certificate of Improvements.
"Wren" and "Ms" Mineral Claims situate
in the Grand Forks raining division of Vale
district.
Where located:���In Summit Camp.
Take Notice that I, Isaac H. Hallett, as
agent for Albert E. Keough, Free Miner's Certificate No. 116719, intend, sixty days from
the date hereof, to apply to the mining
recorder for Certificates of Improvements,
for Ihe purpose of obtaining crown grunts
of the above claims.
. And further take notice that aotlon, uuder section 37,must be commenced before the tssaauce ol
such Certificates of Improvements.
Dated this 90th duy of April, A.D., 1900.
I. H. HALLETT.
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THE  CASCADE  RECORD
May 19, 1801
D
D
a
ii
In appealing to you as the Premier of the Province, I beg to lay
before you the platform of the new
Government as follows:
1. The abolition of the $200
deposit for candidate- for the Legislature.
2. The bringing into force, as
s ion as arrangements can be completed, of the Torrens Registry
system.
3. The Redistribution of the
constituencies on the basis of population, allowing to sparsely populated districts a proportionately
larsier representation than to populous districts and cities.
4. The enactment of an accurate
system of Government scaling of
logs, and its rigid enforcement.
5. The re-enactment of the dip.
allowed   Labor   Regulation    Act,
1898, and also all  the statutes of
1899. containing anti-Mongolian
clauses if disallowed as proposed
hy the Dominion Government'
6. To take a firm stand in every
other possihle way with a view of
discouraging the spread of Oriental
cheap labor in this Province.
7. To provide for official inspection of all buildings, machinery
and works, with a view to compelling the adoption of proper
safeguards to life and health.
8. With regard to the Eight-
hour Law the Government will
continue to enforce the law as it
stands. An immediate inquiry
will be made by the Minister of
Mines into all grievances put forward in connection with its operation, with a view of bringing about
an amicable settlement. If no settlement is reached the principle of
the referendum will be applied and
a vote taken at the general election
as to whether the law shall be re-
���repealed. If the law is sustained
"by the vote it will be retained upon
the statute honk with its penalty
clause. If modifications can be
made removing any of the friction
hrought about, without impairing
the principle of the law, they will
he adopted. If the vote is against
it the law will be repealed.
9. To restablish the London
Agency of British Columbia, and
to take every effective means of
bringing before the British public
the advantages of this Province, as
a place for the profitable investment of capital.
10. The retaining of the resources of the Province as an asset
for tbe benefit of the people, and
taking effective measures to prevent
the alienation of the public domain,
except to actual settlers or for actual
bona fide business, or industrial
purpose.*, putting an end to the
practice of speculating in connection with the same.
11. The taking of active measures for the systematic exploration
of the Province.
12. The borrowing of money for
the purpose of providing roads,
trails and bridges, provided that in
every case the money necessary to
pay the interest and sinking fund
in connection with the loan shall
be provided hy additional taxation
so as not to impair the credit of the
Province.
13. In connection with the con
struction iff Government n-ads and
traib, to provide by the employ-
m��*nt of competent civil engineer?
nnd otherwise tli.it the Government
money is expended upon some cys-
tpin which will lie fdvantageous to
j the general public, s>> that the old
system  of   providing   roads as a
Ispecal favor to supporter* of the
Government may be entirely discontinued.
14. To keep the ordinary annual
expenditure within the ordinary
annual revenue, in order to preserve
intact the credit of the Province,
which is its best, asset.
15. To adopt a system of government construction and operation
of railways and immediately to
proceed with the construction of a
railway on the south side of the
Fraser river, connecting the coast
with the Kootenay district with the
understai dingthatunless the other
railways now constructed in the
Province give fair connections and
make equitable joint freight and
passenger arrangements, the Province will continue this line to the
eastern boundary of the Province.
Proper connection with such Kootenay railway to be given to the Island
of Vancouver. With respect to other
parts of the Province, to proceed
to give to every portion of it railway connection at as early a date
as possible, the railway, when constructed, to be operated by the Government through a Commission.
16. A railway bridge to be constructed in connection with the
Kootenay railway across the Fraser
river, at or near New Westminster
and running powers gi.\en over it
to any railway company- applying
for the same, under proper conditions.
17. In case it is thought at any
time advisable to give a bonus to
any railway company, the same to
be in cash, and not by way of a
land grant; and no such bonus to
be granted except upon the condition that a fair amount of the bonds
or shares of the company be transferred to the Province, and effective
means taken to give the Province
control of the freight and passenger
rates, and provision made against
such railway having any liabilities
against it except actual cost.
18. To take away from the
Lieutenant - Governor - in - Council,
any power to make substantive
changes in the law, confining the
jurisdiction entirely to matters of
detail in working out the laws enacted hy the Legislature.
19. The establishment of an
institution within the Province for
the education of the Deaf and
Dumb.
20. To repeal the Alien Exclusion Act, as the reasons justifying
its enactment no longer obtain.
21. Amicable settlement of the
dispute with the Dominion Government as to Deadman's Island,
Stanley park and other lands, and
an arrangement with Mr. Ludgate,
by which, if possible, a sawmill
industry may he established and
carried on on Deadman's Island
under satisfactory conditions, protecting the interests of the people.
22. Proper means of giving
technical instruction to miners and
prospectors.
JOSEPH MARTIN.
Fire Insurance Agency
PHOENIX ASSURANCE COMPANY, of London, Eng., BRITISH AMERICAN ASSURANCE CO. of Toronto; WESTERN ASSURANCE CO.
George K. Stockkk, Agknt.
NEW MAP...
OF THE
Christina Lake
Mining Camps.
Price, $1.25, post paid.
Compiled   by JOHN A.  CORYELL, P. L. S.
This map contains the latest locations on Shamrock and Castle Mountains, on linker, Sutherland and McRae Creeks, and in the Burnt Basin.
For sale by
THE CASCADE RECORD,
Cascade, U. C.
CANADIAN o
IPacific Ky.
AND SOO LINE.
CANADA'S National HIGHWAY
America's Great Transcontinental Line
and World's Pictorial Route.
The Direct Boute
From Kootenay Country-
Kettle River and Boundary
Creek Districts to all points
East and West
Pirst-cVur*. S'eepers on  all   trains
fn in Revelstoke and Kootenay
TOURIST CARS IT ��B
St. Paul, Sundays and Wednesdays for Toronto, Fridays for Montreal and Boston. Sam*'
cars pass Revelstoke one day eat Her.    ' '���
Direct Connection via Robson to and irom all
points.
Leave CASCADK Arrive
16.84 Daily ex. sun. 13.81
For rates  and full information address merest local agent or,
F. E. Tkbo, Am., Cascade, ��. C.
W.F. Anderson,      E.J.Coylk,
Trav. PassiAgein,       '   A.G.P.Agl.
���Nelson, B.C.     Vanc<iuver,B C.
C. H. THOMAS. Proprietor.
The Original and Oldest Hotel in this
part of the district. Headquarters for Cascade and Bossberg Stage Line; also for
Contractors, Mining Men and Travellers.
Well Stocked Bar in Connection.
Second Avknue, Cascadk City, B. C.;
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Ma; 1��. IMO
THE CASCADE RECORD
#
CASCADE,
."
8
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The coming Commercial, Industrial and Mining Centre of East Tale.
The Gateway City
Of the Kettle River, Boundary
Creek and Christina Lake Countries.
A Magnificent Water Power of 20,000 Horse Power.
WASHINGTON
A
The center of a marvellously RICH MINERAL DISTRICT. A most promising opportunity for business
locations and realty investments. A most advantageous smelter location and railroad center. One mile from Christina
Lake, the Great Pleasure Resort.   For further information, price of lots, etc., address,
GEO. K. STOCKER, Townsite Agent, Cascade, B. C.      Or L. A. HAMILTON, Land Com. C. P. R., Winnipeg, Man -"e*r-Ku*.vxm sc
8
THE   CASCADE   RECORD
M��y IU, ilK)��
FERGUSON & RITCHIE,
SUCCESSORS TO THE
Dominion Supply Company
x.**A"*****************
A Pull Assortment oi Staple and Fancy
^^ &ROCERI E: S _^
fliners' Supplies, Hay, Oats, Coal, Etc
All accounts rendered the 15th of each month.
LONDON & B. C. GOLDFIELDS.
A Gratifying Report from the Annual  General Meeting.
The directors' report and statement of accounts of the London &
British Columbia Goldfields to Dec.
31, 1899, as submitted at the annual general meeting held on the
7th inst, has heen published. The
following summary is taken from
the Nelson Miner. With the exception of the effects of the labor
troubles which interfered with the
Company's operations, the report
is one of unvarying success and satisfaction throughout. It is not surprising that the Board should testify as they do "to the able manner in which the company's interests have been guarded and served
by Mr. J. Roderick Robertson,
Manager, Mr. S. S. Fowler, Chief
Engineer and the local staff generally during the past year."
The Company's interests and
properties comprise the Ymir,
Whitewater, the Enterprise, the
Ruth and the Yukon Goldfields,
represented by shares; the Alma
group, adjoining the Ymir, and the
Norfolk and the New York claims,
owned outright; the Cymrie and
Mountain Belle groups, under option, and the Cascade Water Power
and Light franchise. Operations
during the year were seriously in
terrupted in consequence of tbe
strike, which continued from lsi of
June last year to the middle of
February; but now tbat it is over
the Company expect tlrnt the current year will more than make up
for the set-back of last year. The
accounts cover a period of ten
months only, owing to the necessity
of reconstructing in March, 1899,
because of the conversion of deferred into ordinary shares. During
that period the Company's operations show a profit by ��27,256, out
of which a dividend of 15 per cent,
is recommended. Of this sum over
��20,000 were earned in the Ymir
mine.
The Company are confident of a
valuable property in the Enterprise. Ore in sight is estimated at
$445,000, and a consulting engineer,
Mr. Kendall, reports that the mine
is worth a million dollars, even under present method of working. All
the properties show good values and
prospects, and the Company are
certainly to be, congratulated on
their possessions.
PIERRE LAKE MINES.
Evan Jones, superintendent of
the Big Iron, returned from Spokane Tuesday, and went out with
a force of men to resume work on
the mine. The Big Iron is situated
near the head of Pierre Creek, a
few miles ���� uth  of  Sophie nioun-| to send a judge at any time to any
tain.    J. T. Ronald, a prooiinent mining district with any  similar
Seattle attorney and a Democratic
war-horse, was here this week and
visited the Pierre Lake district
where he hits valuable mining interests. Mr. Ronald is enthusiastic
over the mineral resources of the
district, and predicted that the
Pierre Lake section would soon
have the bigget-t mining boom ever
experienced in the country. His
company, of which Frank Uter-
bardt is the local manager, intends
powers to those exercised by Mr.
Justice Irving, the law being safeguarded with such conditions as
would prevent its being put into
operation except in emergencies.���
Colonist.
Winnipeg, May 6.���At a largely-
attended meeting at Brandon on
Saturday, composed of Reeves,
Board of Trade men and M. L. A.s,
TO STOP CLAIM-JUMPING.
resolutions were unanimously pass-
to expend considerable this summer | ed calling on the Lm%\ Government
in developing its property near the! to at once proceed with the con-
head of the lake.���Bossberg Journal. Istruction of a Government line between Hat Portage and Brandon,
and also another line to connect
with the Great Northern at the
United States border, the former
line to be a link in the Govern*
ment system to Lake Superior. The
press, which has advocated Government ownership unanimously, was
thanked by the meeting.
A gentleman, whose position and
experience entitles his views to
great weight, says that the surest
way to stop claim-jumping is to
stop grub-staking, aud thus compel every man who stakes a claim
to do so in his own proper person.
If to this were added a provision
that a case of wilful claim-jumping
should work a forfeiture of the free
miner's certificate, we would have
very much Icbs of this objectionable practice than now is heard of.
He also suggests that, as the special act of 1899 under which Mr.
Justice Irving went to Atlin is exhausted, a general act should be
passed authorizing the government i
Olson & Phelan, general dealers
at Phoenix, are offering to compromise with creditors at 40 cents
on the dollar.
The average daily attendance in
the schools of Spokane is 5,315.
The C. P. R. Imperial Limited
will commence the season's run on
June 3d.

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