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Cascade Record 1899-12-16

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A   \ >
Published in the Interests of the Boundary and Christina Lake   Mining Districts
Vol. II.
No. 6.
�� ��� ��� ��������  ������� ���������-���������������-���-���-���-���-��� 9~t
j; Cascade City's Great Enterprise !;;
To Cost Half a riillion Dollars!   Power For Mines!
n Details of One of the Greatest Undertakings in Boundary Country!
(�� ^-^^> Development of the Great Water Power at Cascade. ^^^^ J
John R. Reavis, of the Grand Forks
Miner, spent a day in Cascade recently.
That Mr. Reavis is a keen observer
and forceful writer, when dealing with
a subject worthy of his pen, the following descriptive article from the
columns of his valuable paper, abundantly proves :
The development of the Cascade
water power, on Kettle river, twelve
miles below Grand Forks, is now
proceeding with a large force of men
and has reached such a stage that
it deserves to attract the notice of
the entire Boundary country in
which it is to find when completed
its chief, if not sole employment.
For some reason this enterprise
does not attract the attention it deserves by reason of its magnitude
and the part it must inevitably
play in the development of the mining industry of this vicinity.
The Cascade Water Power and
Light Company was formed in
England and acquired the power
privileges of the Kettle river at Cascade two years ago and are now
laying out in their improvements
half a million dollars. It will take
a year more to complete the work
and have the plant ready to deliver
electric power. In some respects it
is an enterprise of greater magnitude than that carried out at
Bonnington Falls on the Kootenay river by the West Kootenay
Light and Power Company and
which is now delivering electric
power at Rossland, Trail and other
points in that part of the country.
The Kootenay river is a larger
stream than the Kettle river and
the ultimate possibilities of power
at Bonnington are much greater than
they are at Cascade, but the initial
amount of power to he supplied
from Cascade will be about the
same as that now supplied from
Bonnington, this being in the
neighborhood of 2,500 horse power.
The work at Cascude involves
the construction of a flume 2,700
feet long, most of it through solid
rock.   This iB over 2,000 feet longer
than the flume at Bonnington and
the fall secured is 150 feet, which is
116 feet more than the fall secured
at Bonnington. An equal service
can be done at Cascade by one-
fourth the water as at Bonnington.
What Nature Has Done.
Nature has done a great deal for
the Cascade water power. At a
point just above where the Canadian Pacific railroad bridge spans
the Kettle river this side of the
town of Cascade, the river plunges
down into a deep, narrow and tortuous canyon and runs through
this for half a mile, descending 120
feet in that distance and being
lashed into a foaming and raging
torrent, carrying everything before
it with an irresistible force, finally
debouching into a broad eddy below which looks more like a lake
than a river. In the ages past the
water which in no doubt has collected in the form of a lake thatex-
tended up through the entire Grand
Forks valley, broke through the
rocky barriers thut stretched across
the present pathway of the water
and in the infinity of years has cut
for itself a channel more than one
hundred feet deep.
For the utilization of the tremendous power concentrated in this
fall of the river a dam had to be
constructed at the head of the fall
and a flume cut out to the level below so the water could be delivered
upon water wheels and the power
taken up by dynamos and sent out
over wires in the form of electrio
currents. In this way the power
of the entire Kettle river falling
150 feet at Cascade can be made almost as effective at Phoenix, 21
miles away, as it can at the point
of generation. Nothing in modern
scientific achievement is more marvelous than this. The Bonnington
Falls power is carried over 31 miles
of wire to Rossland and then delivered to the mines, with a loss of
about 13 per cent. The loss in delivering from Cascade to Grand
Forks and the mines in this vicinity will probably not be over 10 per
Something New In Dam Structure,
The building of dams is like the
building of bridges, each particular
work demanding some special features of its owu. The dam being
put in at Cascade is not like anything of the kind heretofore seen in
the country. This enginer in charge
and the designer of the dam is William Anderson, a Scotchman, who
was also in charge of the improvement of the power at Bonnington,
where he achieved a distinction in
his calling, which proves to be in
no wise lessened by the work in
which he ie now engaged. Before
Kettle river plunges down into the
narrow gorge at Cascade it spreads
out into a wide circular basin caused no doubt by the engorgement of
the water in the canyon below, and
the water falls over the rim rock
above the deeper channel in a semicircle. Around this semi-circle
with its foundations bolted into the
solid rim rock the dam is being
built. The dam itself is not in the
form of a semi-circle but iu the
form of a bisected polygon, having
three faces of different lengths, the
total length being 400 feet. This
irregularity of form gives it additional power, for the water above
does not come down squarely
against a straight wall, but comes
against several which has the effect
of compressing them and of making
the work self-locking. The frame
work of the dam is of logs. They
are built up in the form of cribbing
and broken rock haB been thrown in
the cribs. About 55,000 linear feet <>f
logs will be required in the structure. The foundation is 40 feet
across and the greatest height will
be 53 feet. Between the cribs are
gates, there being twelve altogether
and by raising and lowering these
the water can be kept in complete
control. ThiB feature of the work
appears to have been most admirably conceived and executed. It
not only controls the water going
into the flumes, but it minimizes
the danger of the breaking down
and washing away of the dam.
The construction of the dam has
been seriously interfered with of
late by unprecedentedly high water
for this season of the year; in fact,
the men hud to be laid off altogether for some time, hut the cold
weather early this week caused the
river to fall rapidly and operations
are now being renewed A little
over one-third of the structure is
now up and the remainder will Le
up in a few weeks, if the river
maintains its usual winter stage.
Work on the Flume.
The water, as above stated, will
have to be carried 2,700 feet from
the dam to the power house. The
flume will run along the C. P. R.
track for most of the distance and
part of the way through a tunnel
cut through a rocky point. It is a
solid mass of rock for the entire 2,-
700 feet and very rough in contour.
At a point 1,800 feet from the
power house the descent becomes
rapid and from there on the water
will be carried in two steel pipes or
penstocks, eight and a half feet in
diameter. The size of these can be
better understood when it is stated
that a man six feet tall could stand
drect and still have two and a half
feet of room above him. At low
water a great portion of the entire
river can be brought through these
two penstocks and made to do service on the turbines in the power
house. The effective power secured
at low water will be about 6,000
horse power.
'Ihe construction of the flume is
in itself a work of great magnitude.
It had just gotten well under way
when the recent rise in the river
caused its suspension. About 200
feet had been blasted and the work
advanced to the point where the
tunnel is to be commenced. Operations can be resumed and will be
carried on uninterruptedly all
In the meantime the foundation
for the power house below is being
cut out of the solid rock and the
actual construction of the building
can probably begin in about two
(Continued on second page.) THE   CASCADE   RECORD
December 16,1899
Cascade City's Great Enterprise.
(Continued from first pa^c)
How Power is to Be Delivered.
The right of way for the pole
line which is to deliver the power
was surveyed long si nee, and five
miles of it in the nei��hl orhood of
Phoenix has already been cut out.
The right of way is 130 feet wide,
at least that is the width of the
cleared right of way. The poles will
be erected in the center of the right
of way, and heavy copper wires
strung on these poles. The right
of way must be cleared of all timber and brush so as to avoid all
danger of falling trees and forest
fires. In getting to Phoenix the
company has had an easy task, as
most of the 21 miles to be traversed
is through the open Kettle river
valley. The line will pass directly
through Grand Forks and go up to
Phoenix by Fourth of July creek.
A line has been surveyed from
Phoenix down to Summitcamp,and
this right of way is to be cleared
soon. The distributing station for
Phoenix will stand on the high
ground just east of the townsite.
To what extent the mines will
make use of this power remains to
be seen, but there is hardly a doubt
that they will employ it very generally. The Bonnington electiic
power is being used very extensively at Rossland, and it is cheaper
and more convenient than steam.
All the new compressor plants at
Rossland are made to be run by
electricity. This power is also used
by the Trail smelter.
Big Profits lo Sight.
While the cost of using electric
power in mining operations is lepp
than the cost of steam power where
fuel is as dear as it is here, it is
supposed there still remains a big
profit for the delivery of electric
The plant in Bonnington is understood to have been a big financial success. The capital stock of
$1,000,000 has just been increased
to $2,000,000, and it is understood
that dividends of at least 10 per
cent can be paid on the increased
capital. Sir Charles Ross of Scotland, the original promoter of tlie
Bonnington scheme, has made
about $1,000,000 on the venture
There is a wider field in Boundary than there is at Rossland or,
as to that matter, in all West Kootenay, and in two or three years
there will, no doubt, be a demand
for the whole power of the Cascade
plant. They are to begin with 2,-
400 horse power, which they will
sell for say $60 per horse power per
year. This will bring them in
$144,000 per year. When they are
able to sell the entire capacity of the
plant when it shall reach its maximum, say 6,000 effective horse
power, at this price they can count
on an income of $360,000 a year.
This is enough to show that the
possibilities   of   the   business   are
enormous. Of course they may
sell power at less than $60, but it
will certainly not be far below that
figure as long as fuel is so dear as
it now is, and steam therefore so
expensive In any event it seems
to be a most profitabe field for the
Cascade enterprise, and the Miner
is glad of its ability lo lay before
its rea'lers the first authentic account of its operations. Evidently
it is lo play an important part in
the development of the extensive
mining and commercial interests of
the Boudary country.
The C. P. R. Excursion.
The reports of the C. P. R. excursion from the Sound cities and
way towns to Grand Forks, Greenwood and Phoenix just simply
boiled over with praine of the liberal treatment enjoyed by the party,
which consisted of nearly 200 of
the representative business men of
the coast country and Kootenay
towns, at the hands of Boundary
citizens and the railway company.
They were wined, dined and regaled
with music and brilliant off-hand
welcome oratory to their hearts'
content. The affair was in charge
of F. W. Peters and Allan Cameron, Vancouver and Nelson C. P.
R. agents. Among postprandial
speakers were Senator Reid, Thos.
Earle, M. P.; A. B. W. Hodges,
superintendent of the local smelter;
J. J. Campbell of the Hall Mines
smelter; S. S. Fowler, Nelson; Hon.
T. Mayne Daly, Mayor Goodeve,
Rossland: and F. Buscombe, Vancouver.
From the capital city were the
following: W. S. Fraser, of W. S.
Fraser & Co.: W.Thomson, manager of the Hudson's Bay Co.; C. F,
Todd, of J. H. Todd & Sons: F. A.
Pauline, of John Piercy & Co.; L.
McQnatle, of P. McQuade & Sons;
C. Lowenberg, of C. Lowenberg &
Co.; Geo. L. Courtenay, of the E.
& N. Ry. Co.; P. Wallaston, of
Wilson Bros.; L. H. Hardie, of
Earsman, Hardie & Co.; W.J. Pen-
dray, of B. C. Soap Works and B.
A. Paint Co.; F. Moore, of Victoria
Chemical Works; Hamilton Smith,
of M. R. Smith & Co.; J. W. Mel-
lor, of J. W. Mellor & Co.; George
Denny, of the Conoiist; and Henry
Hawsoii, of the Timet..
It is hoped that these Victoria
visitors will have a more comprehensive idea of the Boundary
country, its wonderful resources
and wide-awake citizens, than formerly, and disabuse their minds of
the notion that the sun rises and
sets in the neighborhood of the
Sound cities. Let us hope that
their horoscopic view has heen en-
I nged.
A contract has been made by Mr.
Leckie of the Republic mine, with
the Trail smelter, to smelt a large
amount of ore. The ore will be delivered in Grand Forks for shipment by rail as soon as snow and
frost have made the roads passable
between that point and Republic.
I The English Store $
* THE   B. C.
Syndicate, Ltd.,
Is the ONE firm in the Boundary country which is
so equipped as to give the PROSPECTOR or the
MINE OWNER everything he needs at bed rock
We procure our staple goods by the carload. No I
one can buy cheaper.   No one will sell as cheap. |
We can help the prospector right through from
the start���give him reliable assays, bond or buy his
claim, and if sufficiently worthy place it ou the
London market.
We carry everything in Groceries, Hardware,
Dry Goods, Boots and Mining Supplies���everything
from Dolls to Dynamite.
Long distance 'Phone and Assay Office in connection. Nearest store to railway station. Mine
Owners, Hotel Keepers or Private Families out of
town should write for our quotations.
4j GLADSTONE, and at
^ McRAE'S LANDING. Christina Lake.
m i$t 4�� Hji Hji Hji 4* Hfi | *$* | *f* 4* 4> 4> ij* Hfi 4* #
Hartford Hotel,
-Hartford Junction, B. C.
This hotel, which is new, is located at the junction
of the Phoenix and Winnipeg branches of the C. P.
R. All the railway traffic for these camps must
pass through Hartford.   Give us a call.
Khnlir   limav
11 (Late MacFaklane & Co.) VANCOUVER, B. C.
' ��� We are manufacturers and direct importers, and carry a large stock of Balances, Furnaces
�� Fire Clay Roods, Scientific and Practical Bonks, Glassware, Platinum goods, Acids, Clietni-
* > cals, and all other Assayers' and Miners' requirements, ... SOLE AUWNTS for Morgan Cm-
<' cible Co., Battersea, Becker's Son's Balances, Etc. Catalogues and particulurs an application.
The Cascade Sawmill
A large stock of Rough
and Dressed Lumber.
Laths, Shingles, flouldings, Etc
Estimates Furnished and
Prompt Delivery Made.
Correspondence Solicited.
JOHN EARLE, Prop, ��*
December 16,1890
        Ave       North
��� ���������[
A\/C*KJC      I
South   |
Cascade City
The coming Commercial, Industrial and Mining Centre of East Tale.
The Gateway C ty
Of the Kettle River, Boundary
Creek and Christina Lake Countries.
A Magnificent Water Power of 20,000 Horse Power.
The center of a marvellously RICH MINERAL DISTRICT. A most promising opportunity for business
locations and realty investments. A most advantageous smelter location and railroad center. One mile from Christina
Lake, the Great Pleasure Resort.   For further information, price of lots, etc., address,
GEO. K. STOCKER, Townsite Agent, Cascade, B. C.       Or L. A. HAMILTON, Land Com. C. P. R., Winnipeg, Man. THE   CASCADE  RECORD
December 10,18M
THE CASCADE  RECORD! had heen on the road from Bossburg 14 days.
Published ou Snturdiiys at Cascade,  B. C,
H. S. Tuknkr. Editor.
PerYear    12.00
Six Months      1.25
To Foreign Countries      2.h0
Advertising Kali's Furnished on Application.
The Kecord is on sale at the follow Ing places:
Simpson's Ntwstand  Rossland
Linton Bros. ��� .Rossland
Thompson  Stationery Co.,  Nelson
I!. A. King & Co  Greenwood
R. P. Petrie  Grand forks
John W. Graham & Co Spokane, Wash.
Cascade Drug Co      Cascade
Wm. Meadows  Cascade
If there is a blue mark in \
this square, your subscrip-*
tion is due, and you are invited to remit.
Owing to the presence of lengthy
artilcles in this issue, editorial matter is dispensed with.
Greenwood citizens are agitating
for a free reading room,
Mr. C. Spraggett and wife of
Grand Forks, will visit their old
home in England.
Lots in Csscade are twice the size
of those in other towns, namely, 50
feet by 120 feet. In other words
you get two for one.
Mr. E. Jacobs, editor of the Midway Advance, who has just returned
from a trip through the eastern
provinces, paid this office a pleasant
visit yesterday.
G. Sharp, Cascade's tonsorial artist, made a trip to Greenwood. Eholt
and Phoenix this week. Mr. Sharp
Bays that while those towns are
lively, Cascade suits him.
According to officially corrected
time table just received from W. F.
Anderson, C. P. R. passenger department, Nelson, the passenger
train is due here at 1:02 from Rob-
eon, and from Greenwood at 2:48.
Miss Florence Scott returned to
her home in Cascade last Monday.
Mise Scott had been absent several
weeks, having visited with her Bister, Mrs. H. P. Farrell, of Sand
Point, Idaho, and with friends in
Church services to-morrow at 11
o'clock in thd forenoon, Sabbath
school in the afternoon at 2.30 o'clock in the new church. In the
evening at the regular service at
7.30 o'clock the Sacrament of the
Lord's Supper will be dispensed.
Johnson Hughes was in Monday
from Gladstone. He is interested
with Ed. Hamlin, H. H. Loom is
Fred. Lang and Al. Matheus in the
claims known as Deer Park,Bicycle,
Lizzie, Caroline, Addie and Copper
Cliff. It was learned that negotiations were pending for the sale of
two of these 'claims, which are located about 3�� miles above Gladstone.
This week Republic merchants
were offering $15 a case for coaloil,
which was not obtainable at that
figure. F. C. Lane told the Grand
Forks Gazette that while he was in
Republic the town was in darkness
at night���he might have said tal-
low-dipness. Coming from there he
met many teams at Curlew which
Bought a Smelter Site in Spokane.
Report conies to us from reliable
sources that land has been purchased for a smelter site. The land in
question iB a little more than a
mile north of Hillyard and is on
the line of both the S. F & N. and
the Great Northern. It is hoped
this smelter when completed will
he used for roasting the ores instead
of roasting the stockholders as was
the case with Spokane's first
Christmas Tree.
The ladies of the First Church,
Cascade, intend holding a Christmas tree and reception in the new
church on the evening of Christmas
Day���Monday, Dec. 25. There will
be presents on the tree for the children, and there will be a short program of recitations and music by
the children, and coffee and cake
will he t-erved for the older ones.
Brother McCoy says you are heartily invited to be present���there'll
be no collection, no charge.
Boundary Creek License District Meeting.
The Boundary Creek License District Commissioners met in Cascade
yesterday, there being present Commissioners E. Jacobs and T. W.
Coleman, and Chief Inspector D. J.
Darraugh. Licenses were granted
as follows:
John Albi, Commercial Hotel,
Midway; Frank Asprey, Lake
View Hotel, McRae Creek; O. J.
Boucher, Arlington Hotel, Trail;
E. P. Butler, Klondyke Hotel,
Trail; Ira Black, Black's Hotel,
Phoenix; J. Cmcin, Globe Hotel,
Trail; Frank Corti, near Brooglyn;
G. Devon, Roma Hotel, Cascade
City; S. Dahl, Tunnel House, near
Brooklyn; Wm. Forrest, Gladstone
Hotel; Chas. H. Hazelberg, Copper
Plate Hotel, Summit; Reinhold
Greiger, OroDenoro Hotel, Summit;
J. H. Graham, Hotel Union, Phoenix; J. H. McMannus, International Hotel, Summit; J. M. Hurley.
Pacific Hotel, Trail; Aug. Jackson,
Central Hotel, Phoenix; Al. Jenkins, Wellington Hotel, Trail; Mrs.
M. A. Meakin, Meakin Hotel,
Trail; J. Mathews, Hotel Spokane,
Trail; S. McOrmond, Miners' Exchange; J. C. McDonald, Trail
House, Trail; Harry Nash, Phoenix Hotel, Phoenix; Peterson Bros.,
Crown Point Hotel, Trail; M. Leho,
Eholt Hotel, Eholt; Weeks & Hogan, Imperial Hotel, Phoenix; C.
A.White, Columbia Hotel, Trail;
John D. Wisner, Toronto Hotel,
North Fork��, Kettle river; John W.
Shaw, Headquarters Hotel, North
Forks Kettle river; GusWasholm,
Windsor Hotel, Niagara; C. H.
Thomas, Cascade Hotel, Cascade
City; Flood & McDonald, Hotel
Palace, Phoenix; Wilson & Summers, Atlantic Hotel, Phoenix; Ira
Black, Black's Hotel, Cascade City;
Thos. J Gorman, Summit Hotel,
Summit City; Norman Luce Summit Hotel, Eholt. Wholesale���V.
Monnier, Cascade City. New License���W H Bell, Bellview Hotel,
Phoenix; J P Cheiner, Le Roi Hotel, Phoenix; J Dorsey, Hartford
Junction; W T Kaake, Columbia
Hotel, Phoenix; J A Munsen,
, Phoenix; J P   Black
Columbia Hotel, Eholt; W J Saun-
der, Maple Leaf Hotel, Phoenix; R Lockhart, Deadwood Hotel,
Deadwood; Wm Graham, Ferry
House; Charles Larsen, Stockholm
Hotel, Phoenix.
Rev. Joseph McCoy, M. A., of
Cascade, visited this place on Monday, and conducted divine services
in the large store of Mr. G. T.
Curtis. He expressed pleasure on
finding a handsome addition to the
population of the place, and increased attendance at the service.
MacKisson, of the John Bull
mine, has brought his wife and
interesting children to live here.
Messrs. Reveler and Nims have
also brought their wives. There
will soon be a good measure of
wholesome home life developed in
this prosperous little town. May it
Messrs. McKay & Munn have
completed their improving the interior of the Hotel Gladstone, and
now it is much more comfortable
for the guests.
Mr. Munn has moved his barber
shop into the building lately occupied as a hotel by Mr. Flynn. He
will have snug quarters for the
winter, and will serve his customers
as formerly to a neat haircut, clean
shave aud a nice bath. Give him a
call. Nemo.
The forces at work at each end of
Bulldog tunnel are gradually drawing together, and it is expected that
daylight will be let through the
mountain during this month.
A section house is now being
erected near the railway station
grounds in Cascade. When it is
completed, the erection of a fine
depot building will be commenced.
Agent P. Huckerby has been
transferred to Eholt, to have charge
of the station at that place. His
position here iB taken by Mr. Tebo.
War Diary, continued.��� Nov.
28th,8UccesBful sortie from Kimberly, Col. Scott-Turner killed; Nov.
29, Canadian contingent arrived at
Capetown; Dec. 2, Hottest bombardment of Ladysmith; Dec. 3,
night sortie from Ladysmith and
destruction of Boer artillery; Dec.
7, Canadian Regiment arrives at
De Aar; Dec. 8, Modder bridge restored; Dec. 9, Gatacre repulsed at
Stormberg, loss 600, chiefly missing; Dec. 11, Tugela bridge restored. The list of killed at Modder
river on Monday includes the Marquis of Winchester, Col. Downham
and Gen. Wauchope.
application will be made to the Parliament
of Canada at the next session thereof, for an
act to incorporate a company to construct and
maintain a railway from a point on the International Boundary Line near Cascade, British
Columbia, thence in a westerly direction following the valley of the Kettle river to a point on the
Boundary Line at or near Carson, with a branch
from a point at or near Grand Forks to a point 60
miles up the N'orth Pork of the Kettle river,follow-
Ing the valley of the same river.also with a branch
from a point at or near Grand Forks, proceeding
in a southwesterly direction by way of Greenwood
to a point on the International Boundary Line at
or near Midway, with power to the company to
construct, operate and maintain telegraph and
telephone lines, as well for commercial purposes
as for the business of the company and for all
other necessary and usual powers.
Dated this 2nd day of December, 1898.
For himself and the other applicants. 12
Certificates ot Improvements.
John Bull and Marinette Mineral Claims situate
in the Grand Porks mining division of Osoyoos division ol Yale district.
Where located:���On the East side of McRae
oreek, near Gladstone townsite, B. C.
Take Notice that I, R. E. Yonng, acting as
agent for the John Bull Mines, limited, P. M. P.,
No. B12845, Pree Miner's Certificate No. D1844A,
intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to apply
to the mining recorder for Certificates of Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining crown grants
of the above claims.
And further take notice that action, under section 37,must be commenced before the Issuance of
said Certificates of Improvements.
Dated this 27th day of November, A.D., 1899.
R. E. Young, P. L. S.
Young k Burnet, Rossland, B. C. 12
Latest Arrivals at
oook after your cents and the bank-1
ers will mind your dollars.
I Look after your extremities and your I
heart will look after Itself.
Cheap and <
So that if you need rk^Sj
I You will!
���   .Turns. Plnl
Boots,Shoes,Gloves,Hats,< aps, it will
pay you to call at the B. C. M. k M.
Syndicate's " English Store.".
'"also find there among the
latest arrivals: ,N
Crosse & Blackwell's '
Jams, Pickles and Sauces, Oysters,
Marmalade, McLaren's Cheese, Maple Syrup, Blue Ribbon Tea, Sweet
Biscuit, Chutney, Herrings, Finnan
Haddies, Mixed Nuts, .Pineapples,
aud other table delicacies.
Main Street and First and Second Aves.,
Branches at McRae Landing,
Gladstone, and Eagle City,
on the North Fork.
West Seattle.
npHE only place in the Northwest where the
genuine Keeley Treatment can be obtained
Fine building, good board, pleasant and
healthful snrroundings, and the arrangements
admit of the strictest privacy for patients, either
ladies or gentlemen. The Keeley Treatment affords the only safe and sure cure for the liquor,
opium, morphine, cocoaine, chloral, and other
drugs, and also for tobacco poisoning. Parties
interested are invited to call at the institute and
investigate for themselves. All correspondence
C. H. Nixon, Mgr.
We do not keep "everything
under the sun," but we
have in stock just what
you want when you start
out in the hills or "up the
Clothing, Booto, Shoes, Etc.,
QUIT BV "DTSfYQ or San Francisco,
OJhLiD I DBiVJ a California, Assayers and Mining Experts. To the Mining Public
of the Pacific Northwest: We beg to advise you
that we have opened a branch of our business at
No. 205'4 Washington St., Portland, Oregon, to
accommodate our numerous clients In the Northwest. As onr name for prompt and reliable work
in the past Is known In every mining camp west
of the Rockies. It will guarantee our future success. Our certificates are invariably accented by
banks and mining corporations as final. Numerous investors waiting for sound mining property.
We are now ready for work. Send in your samples with letter of Instructions and charges, and
we will give yon prompt returns. Our charges
are���Gold and silver, 11.80: Gold, Copper and Silver, 13.00. Coal, Soil and other minerals. tf.OO
each. IST Check assays a specialty. SELBY
BROTHERS, Assayers and Mining Experts, No.
205'4 Washington St., Portland, Oregon. Hand
Power Stamp Mills for sale-t80 complete. <?
December IS, 1880
If You Wish
To keep thoroughly posted on the fast
moving events in the growing Boundary and Christina Lake sctions, there is
only one way to accomplish it, viz:
Sure, now, 'tis a most unrason-
able man I am takin' yees to be,
wid yer constant kickin,' an'
knockin,' an' fauli-findin'; one
wud tink yees shud have a little
gold wurld of yees own made to
order. 'Tis constant ye have been,
for the past tree months, fin din'
fait wid "the showers uv blessin' "
the Almighty has seen tit to bleep
de country, furgttin' in ye ungrate-
felness de thousands uv railroad
graders an' odder creme de societie
uvthe great unwashed wanderin'
these primeval forrests who are denied de blessin's uvde shower bath
unless provided direct from dehand
uv de Almighty; an' den when de
sun shine for a day yees spend yees
time kickin' 'cause de officer at de
customs makes yees pay duty on
der 'backy yees wuz smugglin' troo.
An' now jes because yer ten-dollar
cayuse got drounded in der public
highway between Cascade and
Gladstone wich de government did
not build, but in its liber-r-ral gin-
er-rosity and patient delibe-r-ation
waited for Messrs. Mann, Foley
Bros. & Larson to const-r-ruct, ye
tink yees have rea-son for ter kick.
D'yees not renumber phat it was
the good Riverrend Father McCoy
waz tellin' yees only the last Sunday as iver wuz whin he sez ter
yees, sez he, "Phy don't yeeB look
on the bright side of tings," sez he,
"phy don't yees search for de good
tings de Lord send to yees," says
he, " 'Tis under the surface yees
should surch," says he, an' 'tis
right I am  belaving' the Riverind
Father to be, for 'tis seldom yees
find the fillin' uv de pie on top,
uv de upper crust, or de stuffln' uv
de turkey on de outside.
Phat's dat yees askin'? Phat's
dat got to do wid de gov'nmint
r-roads and t-r-rnils? Sure, an'
'tis surprised I am at de ignor-rance
uvyees; yees don't appear attall
to realize de excadin' modisty uv
die ginner-r-rus guvmint. Ye sea,
the way uv it is this: The guvmint
it is that is excadin' anxus to do
much for the prospector, an' encur-
ridge immegrashun, so they sez, sez
they, " 'tis a big jsubsedee we'll be
after givvin' to the rail-r-road company to build a r-r-road troo the
"Ye see," sez de guvmint," 'tis a big
ting t'will be. The prospector can
jump on the cars and ride dir-rect
to his claim so yee sees" says the
guvemint, "we will have to build
nather r-r-roads nor tr-r-rails, an'
not only that but the road will un-
cuver the ore so that Jim Kelly an'
Smith Curtis and the rist uv the
experts can find their ore, at the
same time while we will be after
doin' justice to the hay then 1 mean
the intilagint prospector we will"
Beys the guvermint "be after relav-
in' ourselves of the great trubble
ov spindin' a vast amount ov
money, for," sez they, "phyle we've
nivver questioned our ability or
honesty, it's possible it might fall
into honest hands or be used in
payin'honest debts wich," sez they,
"would be a great political blunder
an' bring disaster to our intelligint
goovemint." sez they "at the nixt
elexshun."    An' agin," sez they,
Just get in line, follow the
crowd and subscribe to..
���* Cascade Record.
It costs only Two Dollars to get
in out of the wet, and receive 52
copies of the Record. Printed
on good paper with good type
and good ink.
"with so much currincy at our disposal 'tis timptid we might be to
pay for a polaceman to walk the
beat betwane Columbiaand Robson,
a distance uv nearly 100 miles wich
would," sez they, "be ai. unpardonable extr-r-avagence the polace
would be so cr-r-r-ouded" say they
"which will not do at all at all,"
seys they, "for 'tis liberty an'
plinty uv room our police must
hav'" says they, "tho' all the other
crimnals go free, and so" says the
guvermint "we will purswade the
r-railr-r-r-oad cumpany to expend
this monney for us and huve a
r-rail-r-r-rode built to occomadate
the prospector in his surch fer gold
says they. What's that yur askin'
now ? What ef the claim is off the
line uv the r-rail-r-road ? 'Tis
most aggravatin' the questins ye
ask, but notwithslandin' yer ignorance, tis a civel answer I'l be after
givin' ye.
If its damphool enuff yer are, to
locate a claim out in the woods
away from a rail-r-r-road or odder
manes uv gittin' in yer grub, yer
had better wait till de goovemint
builds a tr-rail or wagonr-road or
else yees better walk.
Dooley's Cuzzin.
A London dispatch says some
interesting light on the position of
affairs along the western frontier is
thrown by a dispatch issued by the
Boer agency in Berlin. The dispatch says: Commandent Prins
Lose' force is near Jacobsdale, between Modder river and Riet river
General Cronje is still on the north
bank of the Modder river, his rear
being protected by the fortefied positions at Spyfontein. The hills
between Modder river and Spyfontein, and those between Jacobsdale
and Reit river are occupied by
Boers. General Delarreis' force is
stationed between Gras Pan and
Honey Krest Kloof. If this Berlin
dispatch is correct, and it is especially significant when judged in
connection with general Forrester-
Walker's advice to the war office,
there must be 15,000 Boers around
Methuen, who is believed to have
11,000 men. Kimberly, however,
posseping an armored train, can
materially   assist    Methuen    by
harrassing the Boers from the
A dispatch dated London, Dec.
12, stated that six hundred and
seventy-two British prisoners were
taken at Storm berg. In the fight
the night before at Modder river,
Gen. Cronje maintained his position and captured fifty British prison ers.
Manitoba elections last Thursday
resulted in returning to the house
22 conservatives and 18 liberals,
thus Hugh John Macdonald will
be the next premier with a safe-
working majority.
A Victoria machine manufacturing company has received an order
from Japan for sample machinery
for the canning industry, which*
the Japanese government is foster'
A mine explosion at Carbonado,
40 miles from Tacoma, December 9,
caused the death of 33 miners.
That We
Can Do
All Kinds
And All
Styles of
imiui iyiiu|
A Test \
Of Our
Artistic Skill    j
Will Prove.
Give Us a Trial!
 I 6
December It, IBM
Solid Mineral Ore 200 Feet Wide and
750 Feet, or More, Long.
fail with development to be a
greater proposition than anything
yet discovered in any part of the
Boundary district."
It cannot Fail With Development to Become
One of the Greatest Mining Properties
In the Boundary Country.
Frank Hutchinson, who has
pinned his faith to the Elmore, on
Shamrock mountain, near Christina lake, for a long time, seems in
a fair way to have his fondest hopes
realized in the near future.
For a couple of months past he
has been doing some systematic
prospecting on the property away
from the old workings, and the results are decidedly encouraging to
him and to the stockholders in the
Belcher Gold Mining Co.,owners of
the claim. This week Mr. Hutchinson was in town, and related the
present condition of the property to
a Record representative.
Since beginning his recent prospecting he has sunk several small
shafts, north of the old workings
and between the No. 1 and the discovery posts. In one of these
which is eight feet deep, he struck a
fine body of live, mineralized
quartz, a few days since, the width
of which vein he has not yet been
able to determine. He is highly
pleased with the discovery, and as
recent assays have been more than
satisfactory, he has every reason to
feel pleased.
In the minds of those familiar
with Shamrock mountain, the Elmore has always held a high place.
One gentleman not in any way interested in the Elmore, said to the
Record man this week: "I can tell
you, that the Elmore will, beyond
a doubt, prove to be one of the
greatest mines in the Boundary
country. Why, there ia a showing
of solid mineral 200 feet wide by at
least 750 feet long, and I don't
know how much longer.   It cannot
W. F. Parsons, Formerly ol Cascade, Had
an Experience.
Several days ago W. F. Parsons,
formerly bookkeeper for Mann,
Foley Bros. & Larson in Cascade,
but now located at the Bull Dog
tunnel, had an experience he will
not soon forget.
While at breakfast, he noticed
that the night cook, a pew man,
was in a quarrelsome mood, owing
to drink, and would not let the day
cook go to work. Parsons advised
him to mind his own business, and
the man was told to go to the office
and get his time. He then became
most abusive, and Parsons, who is
an athletic young man, promptly
knocked him down three times in
succession, and gave him a drubbing till he cried enough.
Parsons then went to his breakfast, when some one cried, "Look
out; he's coming with a knife." Parsons ran, and grabbed a heavy bottle as he did so. Turning suddenly
he flung the bottle at the cook, and
it had the desired effect. It struck
him in the forehead and he fell
like an ox, and remained insensible for hours. He was taken to a
hospital at Trail or Rossland, and
is now recovering.
Mr. Parsons has received the
congratulations of many friends
since the affray. He would undoubtedly be wending his way
through the happy hunting ground,
had it not been for hie presence of
mind and his fortunate and accurate aim with the candlestick
The highways through the
country are much improved, owing
to the recent cooler weather and
the enow, though they still are in a
very poor condition. A few teams
have been able to get over them
which was impossible to do previously.
.... C. H. Thomas, Prop. ...
The Original and Oldest Hotel in this part of th��
district. Headquarters for Contractors, Mining Men
and Travellers.
Well Stocked Bar in Connection.
J k       DEC��
Second Avenue,
Cascade City. British Columbia.
fis|7 anb Oysters, giue anb frresseb poultry
P. GRIBI, r\gr.
Second Avenue, CASCADE CITY.
| ��iquors, pities anb (j��aTO-1
wa A specialty made of Imported Goods. Glassware and bar       Mf
A'a Supplies Always on Hand.    Sole Agents for
W. Pabst's Milwaukee Beer.
X MAIN STREET,        ....       CASCADE, B. C.  ^
B. C. Livery Stable
Good Saddle Horses for Hire. Teaming
on the Shortest Notice. Good Turnouts
Ready at all hours to go to any part of
the Boundary country. Careful drivers..
J. A. BERTOIS, Prop.
Stables on Second Avenue,      -----    CASCADE, B. C.
Curtis & ^orrison,
Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.
Grand Forks, B.C.
Watchmaker, Jeweller and Optician.
Eyei Scientifically Tested
Free of Charge	
Dominion Hall Block,     ���     COLUMBIA, B.C
Cor. of Main Street and First
Avenue [centre of town] ...
European Plan.     CASCALVE, B. C.
flfig* Always Open. ��=^r
The Most
Popular Hotel
in the Entire
Favorite Stopping Place for
Mining Men
Stocked Bar
in connection
Situated at the new town of Gladstone, near the Burnt
Basin Mining Region and only 18 miles from Cascade; 10
miles from Christina Lake. One of the best hotel buildings between Cascade and Brooklyn. Good Livery Stable
in connection.
ALBERT W. J. BELGROVE, Prop. December 10,18W
The Centre of the Far-famed Similkameen District.
A Mining and Agricultural Centre.   ::::::
Lots Now on the flarket
Third Avenue, 100 Feet Wide. Lots, 30x150.
Corner Lots, $150.        Inside Lots, $100.
Corner Lots, $100.
Inside Lots, $75.
Terms, 1-3 Cash; Balance, Three and Six Months.
For Further Particulars, Apply to_
Gan ral Agents,
R- H. PARKINSON, Fairview.
Only a Question of Time.
The following from the Kootenay
Mining Standard, is not only true
of the Kootenays, but also of this
section of country. The Standard says there are hundreds of mining claims in the Kootenays waiting for some one with capital and
business judgement to turn them
into paying mines, very many of
these can be had for a small sum,
and in not a few a controlling interest can be obtained without other
consideration than an agreement to
do a certain amount of development work on the property. There
are thousands of people in Eastern
Canada and the Old Country who
are seeking investment for their
idle capital, and would willingly embrace this opportunity
if they were but assured of fair
treatment. The prospective mine
purchaser of to-day is looking for
a developed paying mine, which as
a rule he does not find for sale.
What we need is to have our latent
resources developed, and capital is
necessary to accomplish this. We
find that during the existing depression, brought about by the
eight hour law, many enterprising
mining men have been acquiring
properties at prices much   below
their value.   After all, out of evil
may come good.
Will Harness the Falls.
Reports of smelters and other industries being established at Kettle
Falls have been current for the past
month. It is said that a party of
engineers were down at the falls
last week and surveyed them. And
now it is reported from what is
considered reliable sources that a
syndicate headed by the Great
Northern president has purchased
the Turner and Peyton interest in
the Kettle falls, and that a large
amount of money will be expended
in)*developing them, to generate
electric power greater than that
furnished from the Niagara; smelters and refineries are also slated to
be erected at the falls, from which
railroads, tramways and electric
wires will radiate into the surrounding mining camps. The falls
are in the Columbia river, two
miles below the mouth of the Kettle
River.���Northport Journel.
The Way to Live.
Let us not burden our time with
trifles and our soul with grievances. We are every one of us bad,
good and indifferent in our daily
journey, walking with steady or
unsteady step directly toward an
open grave, and why worry and
fret over anything ? What is the
laurel wreath of fame but a
shadow ? What is wealth but a
bubble ? Let us do our duty���the
right as God gives us to see the
right, with malice toward none,
with charity for all.
Foar Quecni.
Queen Margherita of Italy weighs
176 pounds, her height is 5 feet 6
inched, her waist measuremeut is
28 inches, her bust 40 inches and
her hips 48 inches.
Wilhelmina, queen of Holland,
is the tallest queen in Europe. She
is 5 feet 5�� inches high. Her waist
measures 21$ inches, her hips 40
inches and her bust measures 42
The shortest adult queen in the
world is Queen Victoria. She is 4
feet 11 inches high, her bust measures 44 inches, her waist 35 inches
and her hips 50 inches. She weighs
171 pounds.
Queen Natalie of Servia is said
to have one of the best figures
among the royal woman of Europe.
She is 5 feet 44 inches in height,
has a waist measuring 22 inches,
a   bust  38  iuches  and   hips  40
inches.    She weighs 130 pounds.
The pet deer belonging to the
No. 1 fire hall has been handed
over to the park keeper to be added
to the park zoo. The "pet" has indulged in several somewhat too*
playful freaks lately, that caused
the police to insist upon it being'
put under restraint. One of its escapades was jumping into the police station by a side window and
making its exit through a front
window, leaving two broken window frames and a dumbfounded
officer behind.���Vancouver Times.
The prediction that trusts just so
soon as they began to make unusual profits, would be met by competition, has already been verified
in several instances. Additional
evidence of this fact is about to he-
presented by the formation of an
enormous concern at Pittsburg,
having a capital approximating
$10,000,000 to compete with the
wire trust.
The Unexpected Mine company
has incorporated with a capitai of
$62,500. The Unexpected is an extension of the Mother Lode in
Burnt Basin. 8
December 16,1SW
Dominion ��� Supply m Co.,
Main Street, Cascade, B. C.
B. WILCOX, flgr.
We Make a Specialty
Giant Powder,
Blacksmith's Coal,
Hay and Grain.
let Us Make You
.... Quotations.
Visiting Card,
Business Cards
Shipping Tags;
Statements, Etc.
, . OF . .
The Record
Commercial Hotel
The Largest and Most Popular Hotel in the city
Choice Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
First Ave. and Main St.,   -   CASCADE, B. C.
Plana Drawn and| Estimates
Doors, Sash and all
Kinds of Glass.
Fire Insurance Agency
George K. Stocker, Agent.
Sing Kee
Expert   Laundryman.    Bundles called for and delivered.
Work done on Short Notice.
Give me a trial.
Laundry at the rear of the Commercial Hotel
Hutchins &
Are now located in Bossburg
with ten four-horee teams, and
are prepared to deliver freight
in Cascade, Grand Forks and
Greenwood on SHORT NOTICE.
Orders received by Telephone,
and prompt delivery guaranteed.
Delivered free to
any part of the
W. R. McKinnon, one of Eholt's
solid merchants, was in town this
Rev. Jos. McCoy visited Gladstone and the Tunnel camps this
week, where he held services.
Mr. Fred White of Grand Forks
was married at Nelson last week to
Miss Carrie Sigmour of Brantford,
There is talk of another stage
line from Bossburg, to be put on
\s soon as the swamp, near Hall's
bridge, is passable.
Wm. Meadows expects to make a
trip to Whitewater in the Slocan,
in a few days, where he has mining
interests. After that he will visit
his old home in Colorado.
Charles Willarson, one of the
large stockholders in the Mystery,
in Burnt Basin, was down this
week, and reports work progressing
favorably at this promising prop-
W, L. Russell, of the Russell
Mining Co., operating on Huckleberry mountain, visited the property this week. Over 10,000
pounds of winter supplies are now
being packed to the claims from
As the holiday season approaches
evidence of good cheer and greeting
nre manifest on every hand. Dinner parties, socials and other gatherings are much in vogue. During
the past week Mrs. Carden and
Mrs. McLeod have given small dinner parties. On Thursday the
Ladies' Aid met at Mrs. Stocker's.
We observe by the Phoenix
Pioneer and other papers, that
towns west of here are having serious difficulty regarding their mails.
Cascade in time past, has experienced the same difficulty and we can
tender our sympathy to less favored localities, but by constant kicking and the liberality of the postal
service, our service is now so improved we have been able to get
four of the six west bound mails
this week, the day they were due.
We hope time will remedy the
existing defect in the service, thereby we may be enabled to get the
other two on time, but then, 66 per
cent is a good average���comparatively.
Spokane Palls &
Northern System.
Nelson and Fort Sheppord Ry, Co.
Red Mountain Railway Co,
The direct and only All-Rail Route
between  the   Kootenay  District
���AND ALL���
British Columbia Points,
Pacific Coast Points,
Puget Sound Points,
Eastern Canada and United States.
���Connects at Spokane with���
0. R. R. & NAV. CO,
Maps furniihed, tickets sold and information
given by local and connecting line ticket agents.
Passengers for Kettle River and Boundary
creek connect at   Marcus and  Bossburg   with
stages daily.
H. A. JACKSON, G. P. k T. A.,
Spokane, Wash.
Canadian ^
^Pacific Ky.
America's Great Transcontinental Line
and World's Pictorial Route.
The Direct Eoute
From Kootenay Country
Kettle River and Boundary
Creek Districts to all points
East and West
First-class Sleepers on all trains
from Revelstoke and Kootenay
St. Paul, Sundays and Wednesdays for Toronto, Fridays for Montreal and Boston. Same
cars pass Revelstoke one day earlier.
Direct Connection via Robson for all principal
Leave CASCADE Arrive
14.48 Daily ex. Sun. 18.02
For rates and fullest information address neat'
est local agent or,
P. Huckerby,Agt.,Cascade,B.C.
W.F. Anderson,      E.J.Coyle,
Trav. Pass.Agent, A.G.P.Agt.
Nelson, B.C.    Vancouver.B.C.
Saddle Horses for Hire.
Near Montana Hotel, Cascade.


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