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The Trades Unionist 1908-04-01

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Issued by the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, In the Interests of Organised labor.
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v*-:"n :xttii\f'h'!*t\     ��� ���   ���
Volume hi, No. 4
Vancouver, B. C, April, 190S
:j*.    ��� .'
;.... r"ll'
* I
of Pleasedi
era Testify to the Quality
of Ov Work*
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its'Hi < .
B   ���
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~"> Proceedings of Vancouver Trades and
Labor tasril.5*"^
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340 and 1044.
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r i
Down   Town   Parcel Office,
_���' " -   .    -    ��� ._  ��� ' 2���s_
No.  4 Arcade.    Phone  lift.
Demand the label and assist your
f el lo w-ira loniata."***"'**.:
- Wire and Metal Lather, who will be
represented, by Harvey Norton,
James Ftnalyaon, Prank Dempster
and Robt. Burnett.
Communications were received as
Prom Hon. H. E. Young. Minister
of Education. In reference to what
The regular fortnightly meeting of the city to urge them to nut the label tna government bad done In the mat-
tbe Trades and Labor Council   was on their work Dels. Dutton, Ley snd ter of free ^.q^i tmoka.   The com-
held on March 10.  The greater part Sayera were appointed. munleatlon Is published   In full   in
of the session was devoted to   the A motion   was   passed   that one another part of this issue,
revision of the Constitution and By- hour of the last meting of the month Fron, p   M   nraper. Secretary  of
Laws.    These   were only   partially be devoted to  general   maters  pel-- the Dominion Trades Congress,   as
finished and will be finally disposed tainlng to labor aside from routine f0n0W8:                                         <.<*��,
of at an early date. business Ottawa, March 18, lleS.
/fter   the  reading   and approval                           ���*-** Mr. Fairy Cowan, Secretary,
of the minute, the following   com- The meeting of the Trade, and La- Trades and Lnhor Council,
municatlone were disposed of:   City bor Council held On April  2   was Dear Sir and Brother:���I desire to
Clerk re reduction in city laborers* well attended and proved to be most acknowledge receipt of your lettr of
r.ages filed; E. Milton Small re Co- interesting. March 6th. respecting the representa-
optrative Association. Credential, were received as fbl- tion. made by the Executive of the
The following credentials were re- lows cigarmakers, H. Heuft ond IJ. Congress to the Dominion Governed <i: Electrical Worker., B. C. Pursehouse; Garment Workera. Bro. ment of the Japanese question. The
Knight. H. L.Pltsgerald and A. Mont- Greenwell; Cooks and Walters, H. executive presented the resolution
Kouiery; Builders' Laborers, A. Ken- Harder and J. Arneeon; Bricklayers, passed upon the subject st Winnipeg
nedy- James Corney; Machinist., W. White and stated  that It represented the
President McVety and Vtce-Presi- ^ A   FentolL mstured Judgment of the Congress
dhM Pettipiece,  who  at a previous ^ new addition to the members of and that we emphasised every word
meeting had been appointed  to re- the Council  is that of the Wood, Unit We further stated that we ob-
present the Council  at the   annual
.   '
&i'��iK   v blue label
meeting of the Anti-Tuberculosis Society in Victoria, both made extended verbal reports ss to what had
taken place there. As full reports
appeared in the daily paper, at the
time it will not be necessary to
aenln repeat them. Suffice to say
that the report, were received with
manifeat appreciation by the delegates and the Council approves the
g'-od work done by this association.
The bartender, announced that
they had removed the union card
frotyhythe  New   Fountain  hotel   for
The Street Railway men called attention to the excessive cost of fun*-
Ci$- -makers reported that, sines, still continues dull an Sin
urged all ueie��ga|eigeg jajg^,    Ahe
having leased
s% tt    *t %
��. >;;?   sr;-\?
,iiru')    j    ���
rj\ <-
had   Leen   meeting
r r^adquartera i-
The Typographical Union delegates
the   Ti
eet was not a
gave notice,,
Short time
.jjport of
A committee of three
to wait on the theatre manag
if   <.:���;
Hi  Ii
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���   ���
Our aim    ia to carry a stock of
all kind, of Good Dry Goods, Women'. Ready to Wear Garment., Mil-
linery,    .Men'.,   Furnishings    and
House Furnishing, to suit the laboring man. |jft
We realize that through the
medium of fair price. and; best goods
our business has been established-
sad W,>m be our policy to the
i    ��� ':%Yr;:'        ���:     ������    *i
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SfptfiH   At$h
<Y.{_    M   -<*t\:>?0-     I
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.. "���      *        r-MiM*#JS u*.*h*r- -.-mJj* ���.'... .
**���*;  :^? ft?' *#��j uitH rl&ZF
1    ������ ���,, ���    fo\i /It��   fi  nnrii, 11     liinVr'i 11 Jkl I i m ������ n lir'
Hastings St Vancouver, B. C
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v: '>y.
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Wm:Patnmizmg Our Advcrtizers Dont' forget to Mention the Trades Unionist.
Wy '
8s ?
��� ���
The Bartender.
Hotel ati
We want every Trade Unionist who reads this paper to wear
a Suit of DesHiisay Brand Clothing���Once worn always
a\s un extra inducement for you to cull and inspect our Clothing, we are giving away a $500 Nord-
heimer Piano��� You don't have to buy. Gall and get a
- >
613 Granville St.
a. regards^ their   union   and
schedule. \,\
served  that Hon. Mr.  Lemieux was
reported .to frave made arrangements
in the mater, hat that we are   not        The.ce#mi*e�� sppointed to visit
concerned with mothod. hat utf.h re-    the tfieaUjes re the  label  on their
suits.   If the grievance has been re-    printed   matter   reported
well  and  good,   if not. we
would be heard from again.
Fraternally yours.
:*.       P. 'af. DRAPER.
The secretary was instructed to
Write Mr. Draper for fukherlnforma-
tlon as tiie foregoing waf not satis-
tUiSSaae'J     ���' "���'��� +
They announced that both the Orphe-
um and Grand and Pjantages had
promised to see that it appeared on
ail their work, but aa two weeks had
olapeed and It had not appeared, they
. anted further time to Interview the
management of these places to see
H they Intended to stick to their
A delegation from the Structural
Workers* Alliance addressed the
Council in reference to holding a labor parade In the spring with the
object of Impressing on the newcomers the necessity of getting Into the
union of their calling. Later in the
nesting the delegate, were Instructed to take the matter up with their
N*naua_fa*dtf��tnsjf ^ .roj��i�� # the
,   Htm m<-ung of the Council.
eomitellSMd-to^dA-tl^ ^ __i ^2 22_2
wuii-"--       ^v*1��5*;ii; ^.��ij^ *������*"  an   endeavor   to place  white
feetod more on hud the. he coeld    ^ __,.���__ nmtJ�� ���,,__���.
m_. .     ���'_��' *��nta and hotels in the city and they
l��_ftST-.^C_f    ��-*- the wto*. of th. Coee-
^-^Talnl^and that JC   * ** 8��"�� ��" "������ ��� �����.
org.nl.ed laat Sunday and thatttey        ^^ ���.antee to ,���&*.
wonld ,00. he in aafUtSK both    ^_f��2K _.d\C actio.
was being taken! re the announcement of the Employer.' association
In regasd to the' Workmen'. Compensation Act tThe delegate waa
Informed that aa the act could not
be amended until the next session
of Ihe Legislature the matter would
Bricklayers���Of shout 200 men on
Q. A. Kilpatrick tendered his
resignation as ^ergeant-at-Arms as
he is leaving the city. The Secretary
we. ihetrtietti to\^r* letter to
huh exprers.ng; i^fei, at his depar-
ture and thankldg-niih for his very
useful service, to the- trades union
movement In Vancouver.
Organiser Poctiplcee .tendered hi.
resignation ss chairman of <bS; Or-
asnisaUon Committee. vVhich was he-,
ecpted..-jje announced that he was
If you
course  in
merclal     Law,
Grtgg Shortha
St..  Tni r
wish    a    flrst-class
Mechanical and Civil Engineering and Telegraphy.
Instruction Individual
Teachers all Special
R. JT. SPROTT, B. A...
j. r. &MSMG&M Sea.
The C. P. R. have given notice
the abrogation of all agreements existing in the mechanical departments-
This will probably affect about 6000
men.   Such  was the report of the    long run the non-unionist sees the
Del. Ley of the Tailor, was elected sergeant-at-arms.
member your union is not the only
one that you can work for. By de-
the anion label on your to-
lea. laundry and other
necessaries you cause a demand for
.union labor to the detriment of the
non-unionist it is true,  but in the
policy of organization and finally
geta into the fight for better condition, himself. Thn up-to-date, or at
least the coming, tactic, of unionism
are; regisUtion for the worker alone.
ployers* sidsof th�� question. They
will Uke care/of themselves. But
aithout our help at the ballot bos
on election day they will find themselves considerably handicapped.
With our own class legislating for
us, either in municipal or goveru-
Work In our line  is  still   quiet
Although quite a number of the members are working they have considerable broken time.   Members   would
do well to attend their union meet-
inue  more regular  at  this time of
the year, especially the various shop
stewards. They could considerably aa-    ment councils, we will not have the
.tot the .gent to get things In shape    repetition of a body of man like
for the coming season aa their Co-    present city council raising the
operation to badly needed to'help to   aries of heada of d<
ouiselvea  to
Help your   fellow
t   go
or that
uf thah
yarn, gener-
the man may  not be as good an
haa get his ^tlme" UiroaMg> ��no.fau
of hi., but' through the
habit of his feUow-worl
Ing about him.
Meeting, for April 7 and SI.
get the unemployed
to work on the larger Jobs. At this
time of the year every one of us
ought to be especially vigilant and
turn our attention towards perfecting our organization, and that cannot be done by men who are continually knocking unionism by saying that the union cannot find them
a job. Remember the union does
not employ you and although In
time, like they were for a abort
period last summer, when the contractors would come or phone to tne
union headquarters for men. it was
not because they.took any particular interest in your welfare but simply because it was a matter of convenience to themselves, there not being the crowd of men around the
Jobs there are now and the number
to pick from. .
Another thing to he remembered
to that the tactics of unions are
changing considerably. To be a
good unionist one has to try snd Interest himself and others, not necessarily union men, but at all events
workingmen. In labor politic snd
the labor movement generally.'   Re-
you can do m<
he can in four,
ally reach the
>^-W*V     H
��� By an overwhelming majoritjr "-;|
telegrapher, on the Northern Pacific
Railroad have rejected the proposition made by $*���>>*** with regard
to a new schedule of hour, snd wages
to become effective dh' Marc*' %
;when   the   "hour,   of   service law"
goes Into ettetV     '' " ' '*?-':.'.""^*' ""j*
. im -jzjajti- !'*tijt
���         ���..:"��� ��� - ���
������"" ><<       ��ii 'j ' ���     ii n ii ���
coats $15
our rolls only about SO are worthier���
reported   that   busi-
dnll In their line. The
having sign-
entitled to use
tohel waa
It waa unanimously
it with
3^f^|<$!ftae_ ^"l* ***
had issued  a card  containing the
Maas^lf the shops where the label
would be put on and members were
urged to patronise them.
��� '   ���! '
When Patronizing Our Advertize��� Dart Forget to Mention the Trades Unionist.
��������������ww���aaanaaaa TRAMS ~IO*IBT. VAUOOCVBR, BRITISH COLUMBIA.
for Good Footwear
* *>'r..i ��������� ���'���
Go Direct To
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._f��'T'/-'.-..tte'^J: 'V--
ooJ (jranvt le o *
11 in
���������;.5?��1 <*.'.
-J. ���
pur   Tailored   XL. Clothe.
��� for men are made up in Scotch
Tweeds, English Worsteds and
A big line
Just opened
Whether you want to buy or
not we will be pleased to show
you the new
Trade. Unionist:
by the local pres.
that the
Clothier and Furnlsl
166 and 168   CORDOVA
Salvation Army, In conjunction with
other philanthropic institutions, are
meeting with very flattering success
in their efforts to supply the went,
of the long-suffering British Columbian housewife with domestics imported from Europe, and our government, encouraged by the press, are
heartily applauding their further and
successful efforts In raking the industrial slum, of London, Manchester
snd other center, of European population and dumping th��ir accumulated conglomeration of victim, of European economic Injustice Into the
already congested labor market of
British Columbia. Now, while the
sincerity of these people may be beyond question, 1 certainly do.ubt the
wisdom of their judgment. Why. do
these people, with the applause of
our government (elected to represent
the Intents of sll the people) under
the cloak of charity, real or assumed, use their Influence to prevent the betterment of the condition
of the Canadian domestic, the meet
defenseless, underpaid and socially
humiliated workers of present conditions. In order to better the condition of the foreign domestic or
assist the Canadian mistress of this
nation In obtaining cheaper help?
Why Interject artificial condition. In
the Held of domestic labor, thus preventing the natural law of supply
SUd demand working out Its legitimate end? Why not, as In other
callings, allow the demand to regulate the supply, wage, and conditions which will, if let alone, eventually raise to a point that will Induce
our girl, to abandon the factory and
the sweat shop, and thus restore
one. again the normal and natural
conditions, making room In these
callings requiring greater strength.
era and for the aged and feeble who
often have families dependent upon
them and who cannot engage in other
calling, requiring greater strength.
agility and endurance, thus removing
budding. Canadian womanhood from
the temptations that are rapidly demoralizing, morally and physically,
those engaged In these callings.
Mild sarcasm may be somewhat
misplaced In th is case, but I, sometimes feel that these spectacular
itltutipns are not very
to thst other char-
umbia organisation,
the (Gardiner-Johnson) Asiatic
gratlon Bureau, whose object in
porting Japanese some time ago,
not for the money that was in it but
rather for the purpose of securing
>_ dust rial scavengers to engage excli
slvely In the lower calling, of lal
shun, with horror.   The
tic has more than fulfilled the In?
of their self-sacrificing benefactor.-for our industries sre now
being operated by A slat I
Canadian labor, elevated to
d I tion of industrial tramps,
our streets In idleness or cloth,
scanty attire, sucks a half-empty
dudean on the street corners, pausing at Interval, to display his Ignorance and Ingratitude b: sneering at
his moon-eyed benefactor, whose
presence here has been s blessing
which hsa enabled him like his
Apache Indian prototype, to live in
Idleness snd indulge In the luxuries of the municipal soup trough at
the public expense.    But assuming
possession. Ignorance alone can explain this inequality, this Injustice of
which yon are the vtaf.. Cease
hurling brickbats and sneers at the
Jape and other foreigners. They are
1 not to blame. They are doing Identically what you would do under
similar circumstances, under treaty
rights coming here to better their
condition. Let me illustrate: Wage.
In Japan are 17 cento per day; la
British Columbia, $2.00 per day.
Multiply 17 cents, the prevailing
wage in Japan, by it and yon have
approximately   IS.ee,  or   Canadian
these  neopJ strictly .mmmVt&t****   NoW let   **  r0*er,e   **���*���
STmoved only by thewoZ humane   ^*tlon. and mil^aagjle wage for
labor in British Columbia. $2.00 per
day. by 12 and Ton have $14  per
motive, .re not conditions mom:
damnable, where a kindly act. intended to confer a blessing upon the victim, of misfortune in Europe or Asia,
becomes transformed Into a curs�� to
the, victims oft aWojt|m>W.Cant
ada. But now that flnenelat'paraly-
sto te upon us and grim want has
token up his abode In the home of
Canadian labor, why could not the
kindly efforts of these charitably disposed people he directed In another
channel, having for its destination s
modification of oar tariff tows that
will enable the Canadian labor to
secure the necessaries of life more
cheaply, rather than in Importing
cheap labor to promote the Interest
of the protected employer at the expense of unprotected labor. Charity
which expend. Its efforts In promoting the Interest of the home ont the
boulevard nt the expense of thn home
on the alley Is hardly at. the Naxar-
ine order. Again, charity extended
to the needy foreigner at the expense
of the needy nt
strongly of the
Fellow-workmen yon have only yourselves to blame. Devote a fraction
of your time to studying these questions with a universal ballot in your
-���fta-; N'-jtWitu.-j Si      .n -
day in Japan. What would be the
result? Why, every means of conveyance, from a pile sMutfjto an
ocean liner would be brought. Into
requisition and the bosom of the
Pacific Ocean would he crowded with
British Columbians rushing to the
new Eldorado. Surely these people
have committed no crime against
either yon or your country that you
would not he guilty of
under similar cirenmstan
apply the blame where it legitimately belong., nt Ottawa, and learn to
exercise your ballot In your own Interest. Learn to teach these nojayjo
that this class legislation and misplaced philanthropy must <
Teach them that yon. too. as/
the foreigner and the protected
Canadian employer have interest, to
he considered In this connection, and
that you propose that It .hall haje
consideration if yon have to secure
control of the government to attain
that end.      ., _ ��� ��n < o^
��� V* sv��*e?x��
-.<, ,..,T" S>*wr*?it';,yJ v
Demand the label mad asatot your
f ellow-unlonlsta.
...   . ,,, ���
.' ��� ��� ���        ' '  *
MM�� * SpecUlty of Vfrn Made foeto*
.      ���'
'���^&*&}s?ii&&lst8U$ '-
i*<:-..'}Y^%kK7.<$ i s
die West
wear scab Sh
cheaper at
e Jjripte
566 Granvne St.
jrirrrrf.. f.i.frm
Our Advertizers Dont' Forget to Mention the Trades Unionist.
-_ '
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��� ���
I       A
I ������ 0
 1 ,	
Ws sre showing the very Latest Novelties In Hen's, Boys' snd
Children*. otathlug. W-> carry the largest stock In the Province
forr your Inspection and the I'RICES are  BIGHT.
Union made Overall, and Jumpers always kept in stork.
1   ������    -
Clubb <3b .Stewart
309 to 3$5 Hastings St. W.
'     **$1.YYiti
Telephone 702.
ii. i i
lo ;--;i
;   .    .
.a   :
The following article recently appeared In the Coast Seaman'. Journal
and while It deals with the question
as applied to California It is on all
four, with the conditions prevailing
on this side of the line:
The demand for the exclusion of
Asiatic to based upon three grounds,
the racial, the political and the economic. Considering these grounds in
the Inverse order of their importance, let us briefly review the economic feature, of the question.
Centuries of habit and necessity
have inured the Asiatic to a standard
of living far below that of the Caucasian, especially that of the American people. The ability of the Asiatics to maintain themselves under
conditions that would .pell extinction
to the Caucasian to illustrated by the
fact that Japan, with an area but little leas than that of California, maintain, a population of between 40,-
000,000 and 50,000,000, as compared
! with 2,000,000 in the latter territory.
Of course, California can support a
much larger population; but even
with a population as large as that of
Japan, that .tote would still enjoy
an advantage over the latter country
in point of natural resource..
Wages being governed mainly by
:he standard of living, the Asiatic is
to wort, live, and even thrive,
his own standard, upon
would mean pauperism
average American community,
when compared with the sweat-
p scales prevailing in den sly populated cent.
of raising the Asiatic to the
caslan standard in    these   respects,
since the formers standard is second
nature    to   him,   and   can   not  be
"subsistence limit
duBtrial system of the times. Here
.rises the question of relative superiority or Inferiority in the race3.
Whatever may have been the position
assumed by Exclusionists in the past,
to-day the demand for Asiatic exclusion is In itself an admission, more
or less frankly acknowledged, of the
superiority of that race, in the economic sense at least.
In the present machine age of industry, that class ot labor which by
natural disposition most nearly conforms to the characteristics of the
machine, possesses an advantage in
securing and holding employment
over those classes characterized more
by human than by machine-like
trait.. The patience, docility snd
plodding instinct of the Asiatic are
proverbial. These characteristics fit
the Asiatic for employment in modern Industry with all the nicety and
precision of an actual piece of mechanism. In competition for employment the Caucasian is hopelessly outclassed by the Asiatic, where economic considerations alone prevail
with the employer, by reason not only
of the lower wage standard but also
of the Superior adaptability of the
Many Industries hsve already been
Invaded, and several of these practically monopolized, by Asiatics. The
tendency of this condition may be
noted by s glance st the effect pro*
duced In one industry, that of domestic service. The common complaint of householders, that they are
compelled to employ Chinese or Japs
is useless to talk because white girl, refuse to work aa
*���   tor the m& u*��nest.c servanU Implies an inver-
.Ion of cause and effect. In other
words, the employment of Asiatics in
domestic service is not an effect but
a cause of the refusal of white, glrto
to accept employment in .that ca-
of evolu-
e Caucasian   the white girl or woman, to avers, to
has Its counterpart in the peculiar    entering it because of the degrada-
edaptablllty of the former to the in-   ticn with which it is associated hi
her mind.   A similar attitude is mani- proper conception   of  the   "dignity
fested toward other    industries   In of labor" there'to no room for dls-
���vailch Asiatic, are largely employed. Unction between one kind of labor
frequently an'attempt is made to and another; all kind, of labor are
Justify the employment of Asiatics equally honorable.    The man dlgnl-
upon the grounds, first, that the wage
rates of white labor are too high to
admit of profitable production, and,
secondly, that Cheap labor la a necessity to the development of natural
resources. Agsin, it to quite freely
asserted that Asiatic labor Is desirable in certain lines In order that
the white man may avoid the hardship and Indignity of yie so-called
menial tasks.
Concerning the first of these
grounds, the fact to that the "high
wage." demanded by the white worker are high only as compared with
the Asiatic standard. In essence the
refusal to employ white men I.
based chiefly upon the ground that;
the latter refuse1 to work for the
Asiatic rate of wages.
The argument for the employment
of Asiatic as a means of developing
natural resource., so fsr ss It hold,
good st all, may be answered by saying that no argument of this kind
can hold as against the necessity of
maintaining Caucasian supremacy,
if we must choose between the development of natural resource., with
a consequent development of the
Asiatic standard of living, and the
loss of such resources In order that
the Caucasian standard shall be
maintained, every consideration' of
patriotism and self-preservation���
every consideration other than the
purely financial one���demand, that
we choose the latter alternative. Better a partly-undeveloped country of
free white men, than a fully developed country of landlords, peons and
"poor whites."
������'��� The suggestion that certain forms
of labor should be abandoned to the
Asiatic, aa unworthy the dignity of
the Caucasian, Is repugnant, chiefly
because It suggests thq caste idea, an
Idea which, In proportion as it gain,
general acceptance, tend, to establish conditions of social inequality
which sre certain to endanger the
whole    social    structure.     In   any
fie. the work, not the work the man.
Whatever practical ground may have
existed In the past tor this attempted
distinction, the obvious fact of to-day
to that there exists an ovetmbi
of white labor tor the
of all classes of work. The
fact that without Chinese labor the
first transcontinental railroad could
no have been built at the time of
that undertaking nan lj Ijatijfffi.
cited to Justify.the continued lmJM-
gratlon of Asiatics. The labor ques-
ion of to-day to one, not of Importing
labor but of employing the labor already available.
The economic result, of Asiatic
immigration are very well Ulaatraj^d
by the condition, now prevailing^*.
the Hawalan Islands In the* sir*
ritory, aa a result of the continue*,
demand for cheap labor,
ha. been succeeded by pint
The various steps In this process aro
clearly set forth by Professor John
R. Commons, In his recent work,
"Races and Immigrants in America."
from which we quote as follows:
"the way plutocracy looks when It
has passed the incipient stage may
be Men In Hawaii.- It to an though
we had annexed those Islands In order to watch In our own hack yard
the fruit of excessive Immigration.
A population of 154,000 furnishes
66,000 Hawaiian., Portuguese, and
other Caucasians. The Chinese. Japanese, and Koreans have 87.000
population snd no votes. The American contingent to some 17,000 soul.
and 3,000 votes. The totter represent four classes of interests; the
capitalist planters owning two-thirds
of the property; superintendents, engineers, and foremen managing the
planation labor; skilled, mechanic.;
snail employers, merchants sad
farmers. In order to get plantation
labor and to keep the supply toe
large and diversified for concerted
wage demands, the planter, imported
contract Chinese In place of Hawal-
I am traveling to the terminus of
f      i ..."        *���>*-���
the Dominion to get   a
"     '"'-Tar
a   strictly -Union   Cigar   and
.._���,'       ���!���,.-,, ,;> ���. -t\h'.     j
made in Vancouver.
varnxM�����. a. a
, ijlUlllMJUJII.
When Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Forget to Mention the Trades nitons*.
��� I   ���
e are Hater, a. much   as
if we sold Hats only.
;���   The new Spring shapes .re
ready and we are at your aer-
vice with the best off Hats st
moderate prices.
The Cash Clothier.
Flack Block
���t, ;��
ians;  then Japanese, then Koreans.
As each race rise. In standard, and
idence It leaves the plantation
to enter trades, manufacture., and
merchandising. It drives out the
wage-earner, from the lea. .killed
occupation., then from the more
.killed, then the .mall manufacturers, contractor., and merchants.
"The American middle classes disappear, partly by emigration to California, partly by abandoning business
and relying on the values of real estate which rise through the competition of low standards of wages and
profits, and partly by attaching themselves to the best-paid positions of-
fered^hy the planters. In proportion
as rhey move up in the scsle through
'the entrance of Immigrant. In the
lower position., they transfer their
allegiance from democracy to plutocracy. The planter, themselves are
caught in a circle. The rising values
, of their land absorb the high -tariff
on sugar and prevent rising wages
' the value, are to be kept up. The
Fapanese, with contract labor abolished, have shown a disposition to
trike for higher wages.   Thi. has
shift remedy .for the exaction, of
union, and the development of resource.. Mors Immigration require,
perpetually more and .tptl more,
till the resulting plutocracy seek, to
save itself by servile labor. A moderate amount of Immigrant labor,
assimilated and absorbed Into the
body politic, stimulates Industry
and progress, but an excessive and
indigestible amount leads to the
search for coercive ramedies and
ends In the stagnation of industry.
The, Protective tariff was supposed
to build up free American labor, but
in Hawaii, with unrestricted immigration, it has handed us American
Professor Common., In the same
work, easts a powerful light upon
the general race question snd its
bearing upon the economic struggle
of the Caucasian. Although these
observation, .re made with particular reference to the negro,' in
essence they apply equally to the Asiatic.   Professor Commons says:
"The Souther planter was not
hostile to the negro slave���he was
his friend and protector. Hi. nurse
was the negro 'mammy,' his playmates were her children, and the
mulatto throws light on his views of
equality. It was the poor white
who hated the negro and fled from
his presence to the hills and the
frontier, or sank below his level, despised by white and black. In times
of freedom and reconstruction it Is
not the great landowner or employer that leads in the exhibition of
race hostility, but the small farmer
or wage-earner. The one derives a
profit from the presenre of the
negro���the other loses his Job or
his farm. With the progress of
white democracy in place of the old,
aristocracy, as seen In South Carolina, hostility to the negro may be
expected to increase. With the elimination of the white laborer, as seen
in the black countries, the relation,
of negro and planter are harmonious.
"So it is In the North. The negro
or Immigrant strike-breaker is befriended by the employer, but hated
by the employee. The Chinaman or
Japanese In Hawaii or California Is
praised and sought after by the employer and householder, but dreaded
by the wage-earner, and domestic.
Investors and landowner, see their
properties rise In value by the competition of races, but the competitors
see their wages and jobs diminish.
The increase of wealth intensifies
the, difference and raises up professional daase. to the standpoint ;^
ed to advance at the   expense   of
*>flt��, and the resulting 'scarcity of the
labor compels   the   planter.-  again chan
ask for contract Chinese coolies, gins to join In measures of race prl
immigration Is thus only a   make- tMtaaWtl
of them
The deman.
Asiatics, considered from
tlcal viewpoint, 1. justified by the
axioms that the political Institutions
of . country reflect the character of
it. people, and that the character of
a people Is determined by that of
the lowest classes, meaning by that,
not the lowest In point of social
distinction but In point of largest
numbers. Whatever the name by
which we designate the political institutions are of a country, In nature
these institutions are a reflex of the
people who compose the base of the
social pyramid and upon whom the
whole social structure rests. The
United States is a country of political
liberty and equality, not because It 1.
ordained or maintained by some exterior authority, but because It to
composed of a people naturally disposed, snd Ipdeed Impelled, to assert and maintain equOUy among
themselvea. Naturally, too, the instinct of equality has been most assertive among that class which, being dependent entirely upon. Ita labor, has most need of such protection
as may be assured by the equitable
administration of public affairs,
namely, the working class. The declaration that "all men are created
equal" could not of .Itself have established a "government deriving
its just powers from the consent of
the governed." That declaration
derived Its force and effect from the
fact that it expressed s self-evident
truth concerning the character of
the people In whose name It was
issued. Had the fact been otherwise
���had the Declaration of independence expressed a mere abstraction
in the minds of Its framers, the doctrine of mens equality would, "In
the course of human event.," have
been proved a "gllteiing generality"
and a "self-evident He."
In proportion, therefore, as Asiatic Immigration Increases, the character of that element of the people
upon whom the stability and perpetuation of free government mainly depends undergoes a change from In-
��� . ���
Boots, Shoes and Hats
Gent's, Furnishings
.   ���
��� . .
62 rf64 C*
*a 1 \
���f ..
* 1   '  ��� I a    :t     - ��� .J| .  ,   . t   ' '       i   a��   fVi,'
.-. -. i < -. -, I. \       f '        I
dependence to servility. This change
operates not only directly In its effect upon the Independence of those
directly affected by Asiatic Immigration, but also Indirectly In its effect
upon other classes. In proportion
as labor become, servile, and therefore indisposed or unable to assert
Itself in political affairs, other classes are disposed to Ignore It. and even*
to aggrandise themselves at ita expense. Practically .peaking, the latter
points i. Immaterial, since, even If
they would, the commercial and professional classes could not of themselves maintain the political liberty
of the masses. Liberty, in politics,
a. in other respects, can not be given,
or if given can not he maintained;
it must be taken and held by those
who wonld enjoy It. "Who would be
free, themselves must strike the
Political liberty maintained thy
one class of the people In the interest of and despite the servile disposition of other clssses, to a political
anomaly and a physical impossibility.
A society thus maintained would resemble a pyramid set upon its apes,
and therefore In constant danger of
falling. Lincoln's sayings. "A house
divided against itself must fall," and
"This country  can   not exist! pert
��� ������  in
A. the I
-do their   own work.
t rise. In the scale,
er, contractor, or mer-
competition and be-
��� ._-____,
I _ . I I !
When Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Forget to Mention the Trades Unionist. <
pa -lonar. vaaooovra. ajutiaa oounmu.
ve and part free" apply with as iiglons of the Asiatic and the Canca-
b case of Asiatic Ira- stan sccounts for the difference   In
ase  of  chattel the history of these races, . history
ysry,   as   indeed   both cases are In the former case, of depotlsm and
Identical in essence. It has been well stagnation, and, in the latter case, of
said that "the future of democracy liberty and progress
the future of the working class-       in language, too, the difference be-
"    Political   liherty  must  depend iween the Asiatic and the Caucasian
���r.Jt* maintenance upon the main- Is plalny manifested, not only in the
ance of a people disposed, and Inj matter, of it. written  and   printed
met determined, by reason and in- characters, but In the more lmpor-
etlnct to be free and equal in the
sight of all mankind.
'The race question is the most Important of the grounds upon which
Asiatic Exclusion is demanded, because) If la toe moat fundamenUl���
because it form, the basis of all other grounds. The objectionable char-
eetertotica of the Aitotic.vcon.ldered
tent element of sound. A common
language is everywhere recognised
as the indl.pen.ible condition of amalgamation among peoples of different nativity ThI. condition may be
attained in the case of those languages having a common root the
opposite of this condition is Illustrated by the "pidgin-English" of the
nomic end political Chinese a form of expression which,
-arable to the char-   despite the common amumptl.
It. origin a. a convenience in
nee. communication between Asiatic
and Caucasians, 1. significant of the
gulf that He. between the languages
of these races The domestic, social
and sexual customs of the Asiatic,
are but so many exemplfications of
racial antipathy. We may admire and
commend the parental and filial   de-
Tea,   CoffUg Spices
and Extracts '
HI Kelly. Do
i     i
acterlstlc of the Asiatic race. The
rac.; question to most important upon the further ground that it ln-
vptw. the instict of race-preservation, which .next to the instlct of self-
preservation, is the strongest of all
human Impulses. In considering
th? essence of the race question .presented by the Asiatic we find that It
rests not so much upon physical peculiarities aa in the matter of religion and language.  It has been on
to the extent that they have failed
to do so they have suffered. The
demand for Asiatic Exclusion can not
be answered by a counter-demand for
the exclusion of ail immigration, upon the ground of equal treatment to
the people, of all nations. Admitting
that European Immigration, as it has
recently developed, constitute, a prob- so It sym bs,
lem demanding immediate attention,    Ing ii|gg|thja#f
votloh of the Asiatic; but not without    li to ��fter ��" �� P��>M��n. of quantity.
scruple at  that  conception of duty   whereas Asiatic. Immigration Is distinctly a problem of quality.   These
schools, but Wif starter It Is ttil;
right and the Trade. Councils of the
province will continue the agitation
until all books are supplied free and j
the greater part of them manufactured In this province.    The government has not made a start yet on j
the manufacturing of school hooka |
<keep kick-
whlch commands a daughter to sell
served   that,  once the religion of s her body that her parent, may have
man or nation (not that is professed, bread. Most Christian parents would
hut the religion that Is actually be- prefer to face death rather than live
ileved in and acted upon) to determ- by such means,
ined, ir la . r:i�� pie matter, to explain It to frequently said that the Amer-
the past'and  divine the future of lean people are an "amalgam of the
that man or nation.  In the religion races."  ThI. view is correct only so
of the Asiatics whether it be called, far as   It  embraces   the   European
-r--�����-,-��.i:   -
Shlntolsm, Buddhism ors. Confucianism, we.find s central thought radically opposed to that Which vitalises
Christianity, namely, the idea of
divinity in the head of the nation,
with its corollary of unquestioning
submission to the will of the latter.
founded   upon   the
equality, including
peasant, in the sight of God, the idea
eased In the declaration,
to tyranny to obedience
!" This difference in the re-
races, or peoples; so far ai it embraces other race., black or yellow, It
cleary beg. the question.  The original  American stock,  Puritan  and
Cavalier,  "Saxon and~ Norman and
Dane,"   was  grafted from one  soil
and transplanted in the New World
as we know, is    with the one purpose of creating a
human    nation which should honor the con-
g and"The    ception of human, freedom, freedom
of conscience and freedom of Opportunity.  To the extent that the succeeding   generations   hsve   honored
that conception they have flourished;
two problem, can not be dealt with
upon ft basis of equality, since they
are in their nature different prob-
lems. ���,.
If the American people would
avoid the certainty of another race
and sectional problem,.they must enforce Asiatic Exclusion, by which
alone, as applied to the Chinese, the
West haa thus far been preserved to
the white race. That course, consider
.edt from every point of view, to at
once justifiable, necessary, lawful and
i   ���
After Many Years the Agitation for
Free School Books Haa Borne
Fruit���Letter From   Minister   of
he best made Shoes���the shoes
made under the best manufacturing
tftnlations, the shoes that best stand
wear -bear the Union Stamp as
shown herewith.
-���*'*, :-. %���  \ ��� ���
Ask your dealer for Union Stamp S
cannot supply you WRITE
Boot and Shoe Workers'Union
246 Summer St Boston, Mass.
���'������;���; A
a _ ,
The following letter explains Itself
and will be pleasing to those who
have been fighting for    free    text
books: 4      V
Provincial Secretory'.
Victoria. tart$$$
Harry Cowan. Esq.,
Trades and Labor Council,
Vancouver, B. O.   ;;T
- Re Free School Books.
Sir:���In reply to your <
cation of the 16th instant in refer-:
ence to the above matter, riwfie^
much pleasure In saying that the
kindly suggestion, you gave me when
you and Mr. Kernlghan were here
to Interview, the government, were of
great assistance to me. The Department have had this matter under
consideration for some considerable
time, and I have finally
a scheme by which blank |
copy book., refttofr and arithmetic.
are to be fu
The question of free school book.
1. a matter that has been advocated
by the Trades Council, of British Co-
lumbia for many year, and we
pteJtiaP to announce that their
ftjirs hsve not been in vain, the provincial government having recently
made arrangements to supply readers,
arithmetics, copy hooks and blank
books free of cost. This they announce Is In the nature of an experiment, but we are satisfied that it will
be found a wise policy and extended.
If there is one person more than another that ia entitled to consideration It to the man and woman who
are raising a family in British Columbia. To compel them' to send their
families to school snd then permit
them to he robbed by the school
book trust in an outrage. The number of books supplied to Only s portion of that used In    the    public
lied,  free    to the
school, of British Columbia.
This; move Is, of course, at
in the nature of an experiment, but
we intend to a;ive It a thorough fcjgjt^
and have no ^oubt that with care-'
ful management the work will prove
a great success.
Thanking you for your kindly rvd-
vice in this matter, I have the honor to be, sir,
Tour obedient servant,
",,;E.  YOUNG,
r of Education.
1 ��� '
Th convention of the United Mine
W, il ere of America at Indianapolis,
Ind?, ort March 20, adopted a provision which levies ah assessment of 50
cents a month on all member, of the
organization for the purpose of assisting member. Who by failure to secure
contract on April 1 may be forced
Into idleness.
When Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Forget to Mention the Trades Unionist. m
THB TRAD P^UffpPH   ���
w. ���   _     	
���   ���'
��� ��� I""'
m: ���*'���    .
i.   ?,
1 '* '      ������'
Ask   Your Grocer  for  Jersey
Yfast Cakes and take no
other.   They an the "Best Made.
���   3
Bbery Package Guaranteed.
t��  ��
"���    ��� I   nm in.    waae���^e�����������
<���$    ���
or assisting other, to
grants Into the pro
Another matter on which th
Recently Presented to
Provincial Government by Executive of Dominion Trades Congress.
n*.�� fhm ���riiitttf $.<���$!     .
following I. the   copy   of s
���randum presented to the Provincial government during the recent
m of the Legislature by the Pro-
Executive of tne Dominion
Trades congress.   It deals very clearly and succinctly with the question of
immigration, fair-wage clause in government contracts and    the   eight-
hour day:
��� ���   .
Victoria, B. C. 24th Jan.. 1908.
Hon. Richard IfeBride,
ms&ii m Premier,
Victoria, B. C.
Sir:���The undersigned member, of
the Executive for British Columbia
tion should be the well-being and
happiness of our people snd the better ment of our common country, snd
that this consideration require, the
exclusion of certain classes of people who, either by temperament, non-
assimlistlon, qualification, habits,
customs or want of any permanent)
good which their coming brings to
us, are not a desirable acquettlon to
our citizenship; and among such undesirable classes we Include all Asiatic races and tribe, of people.'*
One of the strongest reason, advanced In favor, of assisted Innnlgra-
tlon In the recent past was tne declared scarcity of labor In several
trades, as well as for common labor.
But the admitted and well known
fact 1. that the so-called scarcity of
labor was almost a universal condition caused by- the unprecedented activity in manufacture and commerce
throughout the world. In our' province the prevailing condition was
the happy and unusual experience of
of the Trade, and Labor Congress of
Canada, have the honor to state that
the annual convention of that body
wa. held laat September in the city    plenty of work for all that would and
of Winnipeg, Manitoba. could; and while it was claimed by
Among the    matter,   considered,
in regard to which the provincial
natives of the congress were
particularly Instructed/were the following:
regard to this very Important
ws beg to submit the following declaration as describing the
attitude of thn organised working-
men of this province respecting immi-
"The oraanused    worMiigmeatrrof
some employers that the Industries
of the province were suffering for
lack of labor, we are glad to note
from several sources that the indications are that the year just closed
ha. been the most prosperous in the
history of the province. On the
other band, now that industrial stagnation has commenced, although
quite recently, and having afflicted
Canada but to a alight degree and
this province to no appreciable extent, the problem of the unemployed
has succeeded the former condition
pZtoee peopled by a free. a*W    ��< ���* '**& *l�� ���"* *,
ened. moral, energetic and law-sbld-    du8trial centre of the land.
We submit that bonuaing or assisting i
can only
ing elan, of citisene, and rscognUe
that thto can best l
by immigration from other
"Thst such Immigration
the Bpontaneou. and
ment of the
and In thto
any system of assisted
or the granting of bonuses for that
* ������  A*
"ie congress instructed Its provincial representative, waa the question of fair
wages The workingmen of the province have very decided opinions op
thto subject. At the present time
they find the present standard of
wage, threatened by the combined
effect of two important factor, ia
our economic and Industrial life. Via.:
that of assisted immigration and an
Industrial depression.
A. the revenue of the Province.
which Is derived from taxation, direct or otherwise, is created entirely
by the development consquent on ths
presence and thrift of the people at
large, It to felt to he no mere than
the right of the wage-workers to
claim fair and tall wags, on works
performed by or for the government,
and that the going rate of wage. In
the community or district In which
.ny particular work to being done
should prevail and that a contractor
or sub-contractor should not be permitted to deprive his employees of
their fair share in the expenditure of
the revenue of the province by paying )ea. than the prevailing rate of
wages. ,,,..) _���
To accomplish thto object it is requested that an order-in-councll be
passed, If necessary, providing for a
clause to he inserted in all contracts
let by the government, guaranteeing
the prevailing rate of wage, in the
place the work I. being done, and
that a penalty clause be also inserted insuring the due observance of the
first..- :/���_, .. M.>;
The eight-hour day to another matter of great Importance to which we
beg to draw your attention. The
recognition of the justice of the
eight-hour day to gradually and surely forcing its way into the various
trades, Industrie, and calling,
throughout Canada, and it is a source
of satisfaction  and pride to  know
Commercial Billiard and
'������    ��� S- ' M*��r      4
"���sy - v ��������������� ���*>,-^i.*'.e��^w,'*',>,-.fA<rt
73      I
���"���.'.' t?    ,!>'
818 Pender St.,
fr-i^W sfrs-b $
20 Cordova Street     *il��
���\.:,'."  '    ��� . -  ���>..>���
Gents'   Clothing  and  Furnish-
lags, Hats and Caps.
Union   Mad* Overall,   of A��\
Kinds,   ,^,;vi.;,    ���.;   ({j,
Vancouver, B. C.
!    ii'v
that British Columbia leads all
rest of the province, of tht Dominion
In the number of trades and the
centage of working people
the eight-hour day, and the bei
accruing therefrom. It 1. with
confidence inspired by such eondt- |
tion that we request that an
passed providing for and
Ing an eight-hour day on
or works performed by
government, as well as in al
or works carried on with or receiving
from the government any bonus, subsidy or exemption which materially
assists In the carrying on of such
All of which is respectfully Submitted for your most favorable consideration, .j, |u
We have the T^^afe^ftfek^i
Sincerely your..
bite every regard should
l had for the welfare of those who
peek oar shores, the first considera-
the community re-
such assisted Immigrants.
^^JSJUJL~VfrSrjfnr       I Sot:*,*.!;t*' 7   T; ���"  '   -
' In view of the above, the government is hereby respectfully requested
not to give any sub.id.ea, bonuses or
grants for the purpose of importing
; aa;   ..T.|.....o_v__a
|l^������^    '���'J-iii.
We have a
:���;. ..?*���'��� j     -*:���������'.���;������.    ;!' .    ���
room fitted up w*ab tiao best Optical grinding
cs Tested Free
���  ' . * ."<���   fi
: ���.������J*\<:t
-   Y
Jewelers and Opticiaas.
808 Hastings St.  vV.
i   ii    ���
Whet; Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Forget to Mention the Trades Unionist
i  i hi I  i in    '   ��� ��� '���
���," ���     *���'   '''?"'	
by the Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council.
����. �� ��
ubltohed first week in every month.
Subscription Price. 60c per annum;
See to unions subscribing In a body
-���eeaaa���a^mwiii mil mi . ������. , ...   ���..�������.  ���
News and correspondence columns
In charge of Press Committee, elected by the Central Body.
.���   ���
*mmmmmimmmmmmt4rmimHi*m irte.mii    mam r   i    ���
|   .   -
all correspondence, communications snd exchange, to Business Agent Trades * snd Labor
Council, Labor Hall, Vancouver.
Advertising patronage In charge
8. J. Gothard. Advertising rates
Will be supplied upon application at
Room 1, 418 Richard. St.. (upstairs)
P. O. Drawer 1239. Telephone 2258.
*"���,-. ... : .	
The Trades Unionist Is issued
ipromptly the first week of each
month. It aim. to furnish the latest
and most authoritative Information
on all matters relating to the labor
movement Contribution, are solicited from correspondents elected by
their respective unions, to whom
they must be held responsible for
The Civil Service Commission has
���certainly stirred up an awful mess
-at Ottawa.   Murder will out.
Now that the discovery has been
made that Dunsmulr to a machinist
we anxiously await the announcement that he haa been made an honorary member   of   the Machinists'
elUahanV���BtfBassnaavBaV    tsav
PinOlvTsTT, V,
The National Cash Register Co., of
Dayton, Ohio, which parade, a. a
"model factory" <*>. 1. a non-union
concern, having refused their printers the eight-hour day. They have
��W agency in Vancouver
j President Roosevelt reeei.tly
a message to Congress in which he.
recommended an amendment to   the
Sherman to^$**#Mf ����** lmD01
ant concessions to capital and 1
In other word, that labor union, be
permitted to boycott If they want to.
Limitation of the powers of certain
courts regarding injunctions on* la-
nor.   Passage of an employer.' lia
bility bill, Surely there must be an
election In sight? Tes, come to think
of It the presidential election, will
take place next fall. And for this
reason these measures stand a good
chance of going through. A sop to
The aldermen sent the policemen's
clothing east but they got cold feet
when a little later the firemen', uniforms had to be dealt with and inserted a clause providing that th.y
must be made In the city.
"Owen" has come to the rescue of
the Mount Pleasant band and all Is
well. If the members of the aforesaid organization have any sense of
gratitude In them they will each
proceed to buy a copy of "Why Not,
There will be a very large amount
of money spent, public add otherwise, on the tercentenary at Quebec
this summer that could be more
profitably employed in other directions. It simply means that it will be
a society event and of no permanent
The Buck Stove Co. have been
granted a permanent Injunction by
the Supreme Court of the United
States restraining labor papers from
publishing a "We Don't Patronise"
list. But that don't follow that
trades unionists In Vancouver are
compelled to buy these stoves. They
are sold here. ���
When people visit Chinatown
their protests arise to heaven against
the filthy conditions prevailing there.
Yet that Is the normal condition of
life of the ordinary Chinaman. They
supply a very large proportion of our
food whether we eat at home or in
a restaurant.    Our stomachs are as
Inconsistent as our brains.
We very much regret to announce
the retirement of G. A. KUpatrlck
from the Trades and Labor Council.
He had been In the service of the city
for some time and when the recent
cut was made In wages he could not
see his way clear to accept. He
has gone to Alberni. As a representative from the Civic Employes'
Union he was* a model delegate, al->
ways'willing to undertake hi. share
In the work and constant In his attendance.
During the recent meeting pf, the
Independent Labor Party  of  Great
Britain  the delegates,  representing
d'J^mH.ff^00 member., unanimously passed the following resolution:'
"dearly Jove. �� lord" If thto Question could be submitted to the people of Great Britain by itself they
wouiu vote by an overwhelming majority to do away with thto outfit.
We are pleased to announce that
the Taylor Milling and Elevator Company, of Lets bridge, Alberto, Is a
strictly union Institution snd an
their output carries the label oa their
sacks. They manufacture the "Pride
of Alberta" and "Mother's Favorite''
Hour.. You might ask your grocer
for it the next time snd tell him the
reason why.
The proprietor, of the Ladles'
Home Journal and Saturday Evening
Post have recently sent out letter,
to the effect that these journal, are    belong to any union and he told him
themselve. and the poor capltalUt
bus no place to lay hi. head. T*��s
ribie! terrible! But cheerr np
Clouston, you take too severe a view
of It. 'there are still a few Instances
here where capital can do as it likes.
The C.P.R. and our banks for Instance. We live In dread of the announcement that the Bank of Hon-:
treat has left us bag and baggage to
settle in the capitalist paradise.
Say, Mr. Union Man, when yon go
Into a barber shop to. get some work
done do you make enquiries whether
they have the union card? If yon
don't are you not forgetting part of
your obligation? The other day the
writer ran across a man who doesn't
printed by union labor. Thto to not
true They are "scab" publications
and should be shunned by all who
believe in fair treatment. The hypocritical Mr Curtis, president of this
company, promised his employee, the
that he had never patronised s nonunion .hop, tines the barbers went
out on strike for a shorter workaday.
Now the shop he left lost a good customer and no doubt many more did
just the same thing..  Asked why he
eight-hour day but when It came time    did thl. he said that the one thine
to deliver the goods he went back
on It
The minds of our civic solon.
certainly passeth understanding. They
acknowledge that no Increase In expenses should be encouraged and
they put their beliefs Into action by
cutting down the wages of the pick
and shovel men. Then their minds
change again, possibly on account of
a change in the moon, and they proceed to Increase the wage, of those Province. If there is one man In
employed In the City Hall at a great British Columbia for whom the work-
rate. Now we have no objection to Ing clas have a righteous contempt
those employed in the City Hall re- it is the man occupying the highest
cetving first-class wages, but Isn't It position in this Province. He has been
contemptible, not- to say Inhuman, like an evil genius, marring the proe-
that the poor devil that has to work parity, of one of the fairest portions
outside in the open In all sort, of In-    of the Dominion.   He has been a con-
that he particularly liked   In   the
trades union movement was the ques-.
tion of short hours and he would not
support anyone who bucked It.
 '' "���
Our Lieut.-Governor does not intend to sell out his interest, and retire to the Old Country. * More', the
pity. When It was announced that .
he Intended to do so It undoubtedly
was received with great pleasure by
u very large number of people In thto
clement weather and a comparatively
small number of days in the year
should have his miserable stipend cut
when those under more fortuhajte
conditions have their, raised.   But
slstent and Insistent hater of trades
unions and has used his enormous
wealth to pursue those In his employ
who dared to become s member of
such. Recently he gsve out an Jnter-
what can be expected from such an    view In the east In which he Mid that
Mr. E. S. Clouston, general manager of the Bank of Montreal, recently returned from a vl.lt to Mexico. Interviewed he said that Mexico
was an ideal place for investment.
No fear of Socialist legislation. Vested Interests were protected. The
whole resources of the state were
at the disposal Of corporations to
see that they were protected. It to
said that this announcement was received with great satisfaction by
the commercial interests In Montreal. Now Mexico has for years
been   ruled   by a military  dictator
'The House of Lord, being an irresponsible part of the legislature and named Was. who takes
representative of Inter-
jfcj%0%fi well-,
i, m s hindrance to national
progress and ought to be abolished"
It looks ^>Men like as though
the average   Englishman   to   being
belief that, he
that the working class are kept In
thorough subjection. Thto account,
for Mr. Clouston*. enthusiasm. He'
complains that In Canada there is no
security for capital that at any time
the people are liable to take hold
of a  public  monoply and run it
British Columbia could never be prosperous until the labor situation waa
improved ��� meaning until labor ,
unions were destroyed. But let not
Mr. Dunsmulr toy this flattering hope
to his soul for he snd his band of
flunkey, will be giving Indigestion to
worm, when the trade, unions will
be growing in strength. A recent
two-page write-up In the Province���
probably paid for���tried to embellish
the record of thto man, hut It cant
be done. Let us repeat again the
story of his recent traitorous conduct towards British Columbia. A
man rich beyond the dream, of
avarice, holding great public domains, one would think would be
animated by some degree of patriotism. But, no; when he desired labor
In hi. mine, he entered into a con-
wlth the Canadian Nippon Sup-
to furnish him with $00 mln-
��   ���        ���    -
(Continued on page 10.)
When Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Forget to Mention the Trades Unionist.
i 1 jfp; i
it i
 - ���" r
���   .. :������
It ���
- a
��� * ij
., ������':.
In addition to direct railway communication here is some of the development work accomplished to
date:���Number 1 mine, main tunnel with counter tunnel 1150 feet, air stope 900 feet, seven chutes, tipples
and automatic scales, bunkers, and all appurtenances.    ,
���Number 2 seam, 1350 feet of tunnel with counter tunnel, 21 chutes, tipple with automatic scales,
bunkers, blacksmith shop, etc.
Railway siding to both tipples owned by the Company, connecting with the Nicola branch of the C.P.R.
���A town midway between the tipples less than a quarter of a mile from either, consisting of \ offices,
workingmen's houses, bunk houses, wash houses, cook houses, dining rooms, stores, barber shop, waterworks, etc., etc.
Our mining facilities are unique���no hoisting, no pumping, no expensive shafting or machinery���coal
tunnels enter a sidehill; coal comes out on an easy grade, mines are self-draining. In this particular alone
the savings will equal a small dividend on the Company's capitalization.
The mines are developed to-day to a production of 400 tons per day and in a few months this' will be
Our organization Ip simply stiaightforward and business-like. Our capitalization is very low when the
value of the mine is concerned, yet ample for all financial requirements. The stock has not been watered to
enrich promoters. It has all been sold at par. It has been pronounced the most conservative and businesslike mining proposition ever offered in this province.
The Directors are all well-known Vancouver business men.
The very best management and engineering skill are In charge. The results of last year's work amply
prove this.
The future is certain and will undoubtedly be of a most satisfactory nature to all our shareholders.
Only a few hundred shares are left at par value, $100 per share.
Do you think an opportunity for making an investment In such a proposition should be considered? We
don't ask you to buy at a few cents on the prospect of some chimerical rise. We ask you to investigate it
only as a substantial, permanent d'vldend-paying  business proposition.
Don't you think it is worth while?
Further information cheerfully afforded.
' 3_a
> 'San
��� I
��� ''31
��� *-������*���
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When Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Forget to Mention the Trades Unionist
��� ���
m-Pyr^^***9 H 00UJMJBJA.
wVaaa the Store That Handle. U
We Sell Union Made in All Our 'Branches
��� ' i :���������
Men's Clothing, Hate, Cane, Trunks,  Bags and Vi
-   r '
~ Sole Agent, for ���
Finch.* Railroad  King Overalls and Sargent Gloves.
I ���  . ..:���.-* v'-a "V����
125 and 197 Hastings St. W
VWwww       m  \
(Continued from page 8.)
He knew at the time that the
whole spirit of the people of this
Province waa opposed to the immigration of these alien and servile people.
The legislature over which he presided had on many occasion, given
expression* to this feeling by resolution and otherwise and yet in the
/ace of this he. as an employer of
labor, aet his signature to a contract
which virtually arranged for so much
.lave labor. The act In itself was a
flagrant violation of the Allen Labor
Law and yet the Dominion government haa such a contempt for its
own law. that It permit, him to still
occupy his present high position. Oo
on, James, Dunsmulr; pile up your
wealth; build castles covering acres
of ground; fill the dally press with
laudatory article, as much as you
may, but you can never take a place
In the affection, of the people, and
mother, will .till use your name to
frighten disobedient children.
desired to do so. We refer to the
Taff Vale decision. But it was a
blessing in disguise for It forced the
union, to elect men of their own
class to represent them In parliament. This they did at the last general election when over fifty member.
were elected on the labor ticket and
now form a separate and distinct
party In tht House of Common.. If
the recent decision. In the United
State, will have but this effect it will
also be a blessing. It is an anomaly
and a disgrace to the great man. of
workera In the United State, that
they have so few of their own dam
in Congress to represent their interests. But the movement Is growing, slow but rare, and the time is
not far distant when united'action
will land In Congress a body of men
who will make the corporation grafter and their tool, on the Supreme
Court bench realise that danger la. in
sight for them.
hit any union
ouver.   Only
A short
ed the central
sas. During the evening one of the
and moved that a
whom we will call
placed on the unfair
list. The motion waa seconded by another delegate.
It ai
having a home built   He  had  an
architect draw the plan., and  then
the contract waa let to a certain
firm, who, in turn, sublet the eon-    on the singe with a dark lantern
tracts for the different work, and one    crack the   safe of   the   millional
branch of the work had been grant-    this hoy howled and hissed with
ed to a contractor who employed    his might, forgeting that he   him
ncn-union labor. self waa there by having robbed hi
After the motion had been put by employer. That ia the position of
the presiding officer, a delegate In these men who want John Doe put
the rear of the hall arose to weak on the unfair list. They howl ti
to the question, and. as near aa i> him for doing what they themselvei
possible, the writer will repeat the    have done.   Mr. Chairman and dele*
IW4 Granville St.
vancouvhr, a o.
���"    '   ���'.    . '
��� In Grand Rapids, Mich., lives a
man by the name of Post who for
some time has sold to the public decoctions known a. Grape Nut. and
Poetum. For a while he waa presl-
lent of the Citizens' Alliance, an organization formed for the purpose-of
disrupting labor unions. He spends
a considerable amount of his money
In publishing advertisements reviling
the Utter. Lately the products of
his factory have been made the subject of investigation under the Pure
Food laws of the United States, with
the result that it has been found that
the representation, made as to Grape
Nuts I. untrue and the wholesaler
sailing It was fined ISO. He will
now have an opportunity to spend
some of his money abusing the .judge
and chemists who have exposed hi.
fake foodstuff* It is the same with
all these union busters. Dig down
deep enough and you will find them
all fakirs.
Some year, ago the highest court
in England interpreted a law so that
the funda of unions might be attacked
by any unscrupulous corporation that
Raw. Macdonell, editor of the Toronto Globe, recently delivered ah
address to some fellow person in
which he gave utterance to the following:
"Referring to the Immigration
problem, Mr. Macdonell declared
that to-day it waa not a question as
to how It was going to affect labor
or capital, but how it waa going to
affect citizenship. He said that the
Japaneee could not be made a citizen for the reason that, when he
came to Canada or the United States,
his friend, gave their bond that they
would get him back if necessary.
���The geniu. of Japan,��Vaald he, "le
not democratic;  it   is    ai
Democracy suite us, hut n<
We do not live
difference between abaolul
5Tl: \'.' i -*U(.p     -^bvSs��t^DSaBH&vfa3BSBaSUBH^BBSBSn^aM5S^B9
The east is slowly but surely
coming enlightened on thL question.
The trouble 1. though, It will take
ich a long time that British Columbia will he beyond saving. I
Demand the label and
"Mr. Chairman and Brother., I
want to ask a question of the mover
and seconder of the motion: Have
you the union label In your hat.
shoes and clothing?"
Upon Investigation It was found
that one of the brother, had a union
and the other a non-union hat. Neither had union-labeled clothing, and
they did not know whether their
shoe, were union-stamped or not.
Then the man In the rear of the hall
arose and amid:
"Mr. Chairman and Brothers: I
am opposed to the motion to put
John Doe on the unfair list He is
not a member of a labor organisation; has never taken an obligation
to employ union labor. He is a
storekeeper, and handles the largest
stock . of union-labeled good, in
this city. He run. a strict union
store, and no clerk can keep his job
if he does not carry a card in the
Retail Clerks' Association.
"Bee the position of this body if
we put this man*, store on the unfair list. ,
"The two men who request us to
take this atop are members of a trade
union and delegates to this body.
Upon investigation we find both of
them have employed non-union
in the making of their clothing, and
one of them in the making of his
hat.   Their shoes we do not
If a further in..
Ion waa made, we would  proband that they; .moke non-
and tobacco, and also employ
non-union labor.   These  men
.ve   taken   an   obligation to pu
chase only such product, as bear the
union label.    They   have  not  done
ao.     Has    any    one    here    asked to pat them on the unfair list?
"These   men   remind   me of the
hoy. who mole twenty-five cent, out
of the till of his employer to go
a show, and when the villain came
gate.. I believe In being consistent,
and I am opposed to the motion and
bone It will be defeated."    ,
Alter he cat dswn the two delegates;
who were Interested took about thirty
minutes trying to explain. The motion was then put by the chairman
and defeated. ThI. Incident should
serve as a warning to member.
of union, all over the country not
to try and place any One on the un|
fair list unless they are positive that
they themselves have a dean record
���-. S. Stern, In Philadelphia Union
 t  ���
Fifteen hundred machinists, boil*
maker, and members of kind,
trades working In the Denver
Rio Grande shop, went on sti
March 16 In response to an
sued by W. J. McQueeney, representing the machinist.' national organization, after a final conference all
which Manager A. C. Rldgway of the
railroad refused any concessions.
  ,      . . ,1 ���
1- >H.JT  >. -
New Spring Su
��� ���. ���
of Men's Furnishings,, Hats and Caps, and
ail spring styles now In stock.
../���:-. ,'.'..
60S Hasting. St. W.
1 I
'  ���   ,1,'.    j ,.,-.,    ..
, Stencil Cutting, Cargo Painting, Kalsomln-
ing, Paper Hanging.
Reasonable and Quick
63 Confova St. West
1    '
4 It waa 5 o'clock in the evening.
The clerks and stenographer, had
gone home. I sat. In my large arm
chair In my office and gased comfort-
���bly out Into the streets. A cold,
aharp wind was blowing and driving
���teat before It   My office waa warm
i#IIHr��Mawlawt and ' was happy in the
satisfaction that my business was
It la pleasant, gratifying to know
that you are growing wealthy, and to
be looked upon as a business success.
With these pleasant thoughts in
my mind I half closed my eyes. On
opening them I waa startled to see a
pale, gaunt, ragged woman standing
before me. I waa more startled, because I had not seen or heard the
door open.
She looked at me blankly, showing
neither anger, timidity, boldness,
fear; neither supplicating nor commanding.
> I fotebled. vainly trying to calm
myself, and skid In a chattering whisper, "Do you need money?"
"What!*' she replied, In a voice
that Irene my blood, "df th* dead
need money?"
"Dead!"   I repeated, "dead!  How
did you come to die?"      .  y.
[ "Yea," she replied, looking at me
her cold, awful eye. that she
from my face, "I was
murdered In your. factory._ I died
of overwork and foul air tojtuake
jfcij-J-f-5Fiiifttif .11..i iivi "P,a\t-wiKrwnw-*?-a-���"i-i-i w*j��
you rich���so that the world would
smile: ot��/��n0l&
"Why didn't your husband sup-
���ort you?" I asked, grasping at that
straw to evade her cold-blooded accusation.
"Because he waa killed by yon.
He waa caught In a band and whirled
around-the wheel until he waa mangled to death.. It would have coat
$4 to have put the guard-rail, around
it. You called It an act of Providence. Do you think God kills people to aave $4?"
"But," I Interposed, remembering
the case, "you were given $560."
"Will $600 take the place of husband', love; will $500 care for and
I screamed and sprang to my feat.'
It was dark In the room. I had
been dreaming. I rushed, down Into
the lighted .treat. k w^fb^k
it was so terrible to be alone In
a dark room With one a conscience.���
Robert Randell.
Senator Beverldge of Indiana, the
champion of regulation of child labor
by national legislation, one of the
great national legislative acta sought
by the American Federation of Labor
and all of Ita affiliated bodies, is
again in the limelight with his pat
ineasurat Discussing his bill introduc-
project a woman's children like their    ed at the last session of the Fifty
fatkletH ��lee*lt    ��� - - -~A    ��kl.k    a��.   blll_
I wished that, she woald take her
terrible eyea off of me.
" How much did your factory
make last year "
"Forty thousand dollars," I replied, and for once did not feel like
Lasting of it.
"How many lives of men and women does that represent worn ont?
HoW many day. robbed from childhood? How much misery and suffering does that $40,000 stand a. a
monument for?"
I could not reply, but forced by
ber eyea. which pierced me like a
sword, I asked this question, which I
already knew the answer to: "Do
you have any children working In
my factory?"
"When you walked through the
factory to-day and saw my boy. you
faid to yourself that you would tell
the foreman to discharge him, because he is getting too feeble from
overwork and lack of mother's care
to do the work any longer."
"And my daughter." she continued, mercilessly, 'you took her out
of the factory and gave her work In
the office last week. Yon raid die
was too Intelligent to work In the
A cold sweat came over me. I sat
paralysed in my chair and - could
make no reply.
"But you said to yourself that she
v-as too beautiful."
We sett only the test.  Our
prices are the same as those
ninth Congress and which waa killed
by parliamentary tactics, he said:
'Ten thousand children are killed
every year, and 2.0.000 are turned
out degenerates by the mill, and factories of thi. country.
"It you want thi. kept up. why
welt for state regulations to atop It
and hold off passing your national
tew?" :vr ..<r'o
Senator Beverldge will force consideration of his bill In the Senate at
an early day and will have some Interesting thing, to say In its advocacy.
"I do. not care to use my ammunition just now in advance of the fight
In Congress," said the Senator,"A.
to the number of children that are
yearly killed and made degenerate
by work In the mills, there can be no
question. 1 have made a careful Investigation of the subject and used
the figure, advlredly In a speech on
the floor of the Senate."
Greater'Activity Is Being Displayed
la Booming the Union Label and
Good Results Air Already In Kvl-
> .a fc
Hrad Office, 5*8 Pender St.
Bunkers. Foot of Srythr St. & %
OFPICB .ioa.
HUNKERS 3��54.
mi    .
1 l^'^AS4P>tl; r ,*t#I
We are showing a big range
of high class Made to Fit Cloth-
. Ing, every garment guaranteed
as represented or your  money
back it dissatisfied.
�� .
���ho*: ii.ii�� ro^t*
Fair Finance. No. 1���50 Wo*v
.ted   Suite In fancy   patera.;
Regular   Price    $18.00.   Fair
Finance Price....   .
Fair Finance, No. *���lf Suits 1
in fancy colored Tweed, and
Worsteds;  Regular Price $10,
$22.60 and $36.00. Fair Finance Price
. $11.50.
. a .  .
See   Our   Window    for
��� ���..��.-��* ���-��.>--���#-.. .--������%.-       ��-
.> . .��������
Various unions in the city that use
a union label are commencing to
wake up and soon we are liable to
have a full-fledged label campaign
under way. There is no reason in the
world why a very large amount of
what Is now non-union made goods
r - ���
should not be replaced by union product. All that 1. needed tea little
energetic work on the part of the
unions Interested and good will result.
The last two meetings of the Label League have been well attended
and if the interest shown Is any in-
Still there are some unions
member, are still negligent in
At the last meeting the question,,,.
Inning a monthly Label Bulletin
was under consideration and a committee was appointed to discuss the
matter with the Allied Printing
Trades  If th is is carried th rough It
will mean that a small book of hiag-
asine form will be printed gratis.
With one of these In every workman's home there should be no necessity for f<*rgetfuloess ou hi. nairC1
The printer, are about to spend
several hundred dollar, in their label
campaign and merchants that get
tiii'h acrk done without the label on
it will hear from the printer t. There
a:m a couple of non-union sh >ns in
ti.- city that cannot put the .a* el on
reoir work, so beware.
The cigar makers also
make an extra tpart and V re the next
issue of re Unionist a well-developed- label boom will prol aM> bo under
��� ������>'%;'
Intend   to
��;��Tir'?*T',w* ��� " .'ft'j^ig^r.
-^: M
pi*-* m muvs
Wn'or Hi. Vancouver
...        ^Ss'::-
When Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Forget to Mention the Trades Unionist ���
f      ���   ���
LABOR COUNCIL��� Meets 1st and
3rd Thursday in Labor Hall.
Pres.. J. H. McVety. Vlce-Pree..
R. P. Pettipiece;; Gen. Sec., w.
W. Sayer, Labor Hall; Sec.-Treas..
Aa R. Burns. Labor Hall; Statistician. H. Bellara; Sergeant-at-
Arms. G. A. Kilpatrick; Trustees.
R. R. Pettipiece, J. Commerford,
G. T. Ryan.
COOKS'. WAITERS' AND WAITRESSES, Local 28���keels every
Friday night at 8: Id o'clock.
Chas. Davis, Secretary and Business Agent, 166 Hastings St. E.
HaB for rent suitable for socials,
dance, and societies.
�����ye������aw.   . 11        i
Local Union 213���Meets Snd gad
4th Wednesday. Labor HalL 8 p.
' m. sharp. J. E. Dubberly, Pres.,
res. 1812 Ith ave., Vancouver, B.
C; Geo. Jenkins, Rec.-Sec., S.a
Harris St., Vancouver. B. Q.;{ C.
T. Ha aimers mark. Fin.-Sec., 641
Jackson ave., Vancouver, B. C.
Meet. Snd and 4th Wednesday,
Labor Hall, Homer St.;; C. H.
Lewis, President; Frank M.t-
honey. Secretary, SI4 Cordova St.
UNION, Vancouver Local No. 105
���President, J. A. Scott; ;Secretary,
W. Roberts. Meets Labor Hall.
Snd and tth Thursday at 8:00
p. m. each month.
In Labor Hall, Homer St.. every
alternate Tuesday, at 7:45 p. m.
Headquarter., Louvre Cigar Store,
SSt 1-2 Carrall St Agents hours,
7:30 to 8:30 a. m., IS to 1 and
7:30 to 8:30 p. m. O. Payne,
John    Bully,   Presi-
ALLIANCE���Meets every Monday night Room 3, Ingleslde
Rooms, SIS Cambie St Dan Mc-
Dermott, President, SIS 12th
Ave.; E. Ha B. Arnold, Fin.-Sec.
and Treas., Box S3S. Frank Ma-
honey* Rec.-Sec., Sid Cordova
St. West.
LEAGUE NO. 676, Vaucouver, B.
C���Meets Labor Hall, every 1st and
3rd Sunday at 2 p. m and 7-3�� P- U1-
President, C.J. Ryan; Fin. Svc*y, Gto.
W. Curnock. P. O. Box, 424. Phone
���  .
tend one regular meeting a month
and pay their dues. The meeting.
are held one the first and third Wednesday, of each month
All union shops in Vancouver have
adopted the swing shift, which allows them to remain open until 8
p.m. Instead of 7:30 the later having been the custom for the past
eighteen months. Journeymen who
begin .at 8 a. m. quit at 7:30 p. m.
and those who begin at 8:30 work
until 8:00 p.m., making no difference
in their working hours. *"'
For our non-union brothers we entertain nothing but the most friendly
feeling. Just now they are not with
us regarding unionism but In the
very near future united we'll be, for
the reason that unionism is an up-to-
date Idea. The leading men of great
nations recommend trade unions and
in union there te strength.
Local Union. No. 120, J.B.I.U,
" '   '���    ������    ��� ������������a���e-^B~raaa_MSBMaW~S~i
-   .
Padmore's Cigar Store
r vy f
One of the most disagreeable condition, encountered by union men
who call for union made good, te the
explanation frequently given by the
clerk or proprietor that although the
desired article does not have the label, It neverthless Is union made.
But what .hall union people think,
of any. firm  that Is entitled to the
label but consistently falls to put It
on their products? Is such a firm entitled to the patrontge of union men?
The only guide that a pun-chaser
can have is the presence of the label,
and If It Is not ihere. the best policy
to pursue Is to patronize those firms
that value the union trade enough to
use the label  on its  wares.
Where everythit.^ a Smoker Wants Can b> I U��,   1    r A
Had. - -   Union Cigars a Specialty WO*-   ��� �� *%
������     ���
their price and sell their good, for
the same, as they would all pay the
same for labor. At present some pay
one price and other, pay another
price. This Is not fair, and as long
as such condition, prevail the work-
ingman will suffer. The way to stop
this matter Is to get busy and organise, and then we can have a smooth-
running business all over this country. Other cities are not having the
trouble that we are here and I recommend the above as the cure for the
conditions now < prevailing. Ponder
this well, non-union workingmen.
Come out and say you will go with
the union workingmen ��� Eight-
Hour Printer.
standing of the Live Stock Gamblers'
The "open" shop te a beautiful In-
r-tItution only .when applied to plain
and simple work.
About the only lawful thing yon
may do, Mary Ann, and not belong
to a union Is to work like a���dog
or starve. ������ Machinists Bulletin,
Sante Fe Ry.
Non-union    Workers    Should    Ally
Themselves With the Union.
- :'T'_l"lf-i
At the request of your valuable
paper I will say for Local ISO that
at this writing we have 62 members
In good standing and new one. are
making application every day. We
don't take into oar local anyone who
cant hold a poaltlon In a union
Our members are only required
Brother workingmen, look out
for the danger signal. The most
dangerous thing we have are the
working peaple who are holding the
working people who are holding the
telling them not to join a union.
Just think, Mr. Non-union Man, and
see If you are getting a living wage
to live on when you are filling a mechanic's place for $9 per week when
the place should pay 318 per week.
This la what hurts the working people. The Creator has said: "Seek
and you shall find; knock and behold
the door will be opened unto you."
If a man will gdt into organised labor he will find,out the good that
one man can do for another.
.The manufacturer puts a price on
his goods, and maintains It, if some
worker/do not. offer to work for his
competitor for leas. If the wo
people would organise in the
way and fix a price to ail employers,
it would settle all this trouble, and
It would not Impose a burden on
any employer, aa they could all fix
To preach, marry people and collect the salary, fees snd perqulsitles
of the pulpit, you must belong to the
ministers' union, the Clergy, and
carry a license card.
To practice law you must belong
to the Lawyers' union,- the Bar, and
cr.rry a paid up license card.
To practice medicine you must belong to the Doctors' union and carry
3 diploma card.
If you own stocks and bond, can
you go on the floor of the exchange
and sell them? Not unless you belong to the Stock   Gamblers' union,
Thousands Wear
.    ���
the Stock exchange.
Do you aeo farmers
the produce exchange selling   their
ttton? Not much,
do not belong to the
_Jera* union.
Do drovers sell their cattle and
1 the floor of the live stock ex-
The nearest they get to it
te the office of Sklnem, BUkem A
Shark, live Mock commission mer-
ta, who are member,  in   good
O. Budd. President
V. E. Gilmer, Secretary
J. W. Gilmer, Vice-President
' -x ���
Mure Co. Ltd.
sneonver. B, C.
: Owl, Vancouver.
What Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Forget to Mention the Trades Unionist -.  -, -
> ���'  '
 ��� 3,��oo,ooo
r��" ��� <.
Total   Asset. 46,400,000
flfif   r
' Five Branches in Vancouver.
Sevenlhen Branches In Britten Columbia.
aocuusr *aimr.
��� ��� .... ������   i.
Recently an editorial appeared In
the Clarion which waa replied to by
Mr. Pettipiece. Here follow, the editorial and reply:
As to Trade, tfaloae.
It has long been the fashion fcf
Socialist parties in the various countries of the earth to assume some
sort of an attitude toward, trade unions.    It doe. not require any particularly  searching analysis to discover that the trade    union is entitled to no more favorable consideration by the revolutionary movement of labor than any other organization that exists solely as part and
parcel   of  the   capitalist  system   of
property  in  the mean,    of  wealth
production.    That more    favorable
consideration is accorded It by those
who profess to be revolutionists,  is
doubtless due to the fact that the
trade union appear, to be an organ
izaiion of workingmen for the purpose of furthering working-class interests     t -.K~-*���
���*W*a*mnmm opuwa*.
vry uoods and House Furaishings
__ *���* M��ea We Carry.
Dreea Goods. Silks, Velvets, Lining,  ftt.ni...     w. v    ��
Linens. Laces.  Embroideries. Dross A^r,^   aT***
8mall Warea, Notlona, Art Needle Wnr.   if   ���*>na,   Gloves,
Cloaks. Sultn, Pure, MUllnery Cm*ir^^^!**'    Apron>-
aren. Apparel and "�������. cwpete. Curtelna,   Drapery.   Chll-
Home   Journal   Patterns
575 Granville St
t i��n   to the  Smalleat
Ita purpose the overthrow of capitalist production and ita attendant infamy, wage-slavery, can aid and abet
no traders' organisation without stul-
r .u.u.���nng working-class In-    m*in* ltaeU' no ��*ttor whether such
terete. Laboring under this impres- organisation be one of sellers of lesion many well meaning revolution- hor-power or of any other com-
iste look with favor upon the strug- mo^1^ A mulUtude of organlsa-
gles of the unionists to carry for- Uon8 **** sprung into existence dur-
ward their purpose, and even go out ln* P*8* years' having for their pur-
of their way to aid them In so doing. P080 the hetterment of the condition
He who dares to criticise such policy of *��me sectlon or fragment of the
is more than apt to be stigmatised as    Population who live by selling thing..
Interest Paid 4
"��������������� ���*�����     a aaaaa     a
Each Year.
~��a  ��   av   KUOW   mat
It Is the beat grade in its class that
it is possible to produce. Don't
jjako chances oa unknown brands;
tray Keen  Kutter Tools���every one
an "enemy of the working class," or
one who is mentally unbalanced.
The fact of the matter Is that the
trade union  Is not an organisation
of ��� workingmen as workingmen.   It
is an organisation of sellers of a specific commodity,  1.  e.,  labor-power.
The fact that they are workingmen
is not the reason for their organisation.    This reason lies In the fact
that they are sellers of the specified
commodity.    Their interests demand
that sa'es shall be made upon the most
favorable terms possible, hence their
organisation for, this   specific    purpose.   That the members of such an
organisation are all workingmen Is
merely incidental and arises from the
fact that only those who do not con-
Happily they have always failed or
are failing  of their  purpose.    The
purpose of si I such efforts te essentially reactionary,    for the    reason
thst If the /condition of any appreciable number of persons could be
bettered under capitalist production    Write
this would become a factor In the
prolongation of its lease of life, pro-       *
longatlon  of the  misery  It  inflicts
upon its wage-slave    victims    as a
Cor. Hasting. **�� Abbott
Vaheonw, B. C.
Sell Everything
for   rUostrated  Catalogue
We Sell for Less
To net the trademark "Keen fact that only those who do not con- feet ajid before the present Industrial
Kuter" on any tool te to know that trol mean, of production through depression hss run Its course Its
It Is the best grade In Its class that    which their material need, mav bo
The trade union haa fought its
fight and lost. It has proven beyond
its power to accomplish that which
It purposed. In spite of almost superhuman efforts the ground hss
been steadily cut from beneath Its
feet and before the present Industrial
Demand the label and assist your
which their material need, may be
satisfied, are compelled to sell their
labor-power in order to live. As. the-
purpose of the trade union Is to exercise some control over the tile of
abor-power. it may readily be seen
.��.     -uuioo    II*
many boasted victories of the past
will have proven but "dead aea fruit"
that turn, to ashes upon the lips,
and the seller, of labor-power will,
by the thousands, abandon their effort, to accomplish the Impossible,
and turn their attention add devote
sYhalct>la> A R>tal|
'���*��-' ?
_    -
1 ������-
eliiialaT Ja C* Re0ple WOuld w    Ma lurn ***** *ttentlott add devote
the? IL     m*mh*nhl^ ** becausd    their energies to the task of ovT
^aatsavT^S bUt   ***��� ***    tJr��Win�� **���+��� ruTbf daX
^seller, of that particular com-   that haa made of indurtry   a profit-
tt^La. ' gTint*"* **' *"* **��*�� ** ***.���!
in T?! y *nitn- ****<>**> belongs worke��� to. h class of paupers add
J*. ********* ** traders, organise- 8,tve8- ** ��***t decision of the
&��& ^ feVpl,,tioimr3r movement Courts ,n th�� United States the
wftioor, that movement that has for we*w>nt '��* 0��e unions have been
"     "       ""  ' ' Practically reduced, to    the "label,"
end It Is not beyond the realm of
Possibility that a court will he found
capable of putting this humorous old
relic out of commission whenever it
Inquiry a. to the attitude of the Bo-
ctellgt Party   of   Canada   towards
tealtm .1 ill IQadt,
xtf Cordova St Tel. 684
;e ^air gimitea
Croekery, Glassware, Wooden-
we^n; Tin and Enamelled
J|t   ���:   .
lery. Toys. Stationery, Fan-
ey ~- -
P^nlilngiH.r/Wvwsze,^ I
1 ���      i Bptaaaa^B^B^BBi
��� Y:-r,
aa^ caaip1.it itack
if Clothing,   F.r.ithi.cs,
IP *   ^^      -***
144 Cordova St
��� ���   - ������     .	
��� i n
;���',��;�����>*>   Ii. ���
Cor.  of Carrall ft Cordova St*.
Tel. 798
U yd <f A ' Six A' WW rt f' ?'3 J6 Jf 1   ���..,
Demand ^hetebel and arntet your
*yy*����� * t^e*1"
Have Burton. Prop.
S&gL w   \y&sW*
Restaurant on European Plan
Strictly First-class Cafe
Everything Neat and Clean
��� ���
_, ' _. - M.       _
raI . 4   /a x
iffA ���te..L��isfil.a��
>���������  ������������������% ��.���>
Tinsniitliing and
��� ���Wm.
1    ��Jl *,
fly ���&#���:'
823 Granville St.
Vancoa ver,. B�� C��
trade anions. It ha. none other than
its attitude ��� toweron $*f>bfltd; nr
duttnVn* AavAlj^ eUati . Attendant
phenomena. Being hostile to capl
1st production Implies hostility
everything that tends to prolong 1
existence. That is the only "attitude** worthy of a revolutionary
movement. And It I. the only one
that will stand the test of reason.
Outside of this the Socialist Party
��� of Canada Is not In the "attitude-
business. Its purpose Is to capture
the reins of power in the Dominion
to the end that capitalist control of
industry may be brought to an end.
Whenever Its representatives enter
either Provincial or Dominion parliaments they will push forward such
measures as - will clearly Indicate the
party's purpose. The bitterness with
which capitalist politicians, of whatever party, will fight these measures
win rapidly open the eyes of the
worker, to the correct line of action
to be followed to lead to their deliverance from that wage-bondage that
now rest, like a blighting curse upon
them. They will eventually remove
that curse by electing revolutionary
Socialist, from every constituency to
represent them in the legislative
chamber, for the purpose -of freeing
Canada of both slaves and roasters.
This will pat the whole caboodle of
traders' organizations, from the
manufacturers' Association down, out
of business.
Speed the day.
.���Western Clarion.
Editor Clarion:
Under the above caption in last
issue, you very clearly point out the
position occupied by trade, union,
under the present iorm of property
ownership, and while I must technically agree with your analysis, It
seems to me that.the trade, union
movement has in the past, and is
now, something more than a "traders' " organisation. ��t��� ..
It \my be, as you  say, that the
member, of trade, unions get togeth- ���
er as traders rather than as workingmen.
But for that matter,: the present
means of wealth production compel
us ail to get together, 1. e., as many
as there are jobs for.
1 vAnd to what purpose?   ^ iu>  &
orkers. to create
the forte* unionists) do likewise but
also try to secure better terms for
their commodity, labor-poavr.
rwnten^ ^'
did in the earlier period of
industrialism.    But the fact i
that this 1. not the ease.
The reason there waa no
movement .fifty year,   ago
cause the time had not arrlt
evolution of the machine for it. application.
For exactly the same   reason the
lea union te no longer the moef
effective weapon in combatting the
evils inflicted upon the workers, let
alone removing them.
But only the growth and development of capital, which has necessitated a complete change in Ita present function and ownership, haa
taught us this lesson.
I- mean .> by "us". Socialist
happen to be trades unionists.
...    ���
Having discovered this fact our-
selves, would you advise us to relinquish what advantages we have acquired, such as a shorter work-day
(shorter yard-stick), wages a little
above the life-line, some measure of
protection from bosses and slave-
driver, who often get the bile off
their-stomach by firing a few underling, before breakfast, etc?
Certainly not ���
Thn. if this he the case. It la not
oaf duty to everlastingly point out
to fellow-slaves the road to Industrial
freedom, and stay right with them
until they do come?
...�� "u   sag -'>
We can't get away from capital
till they help us overthrow It. That
Is, if we sre to Judge by what those
outside the, ranks of "organized" labor have done In the way of putting
up money and carrying on a political
I admit, of course, that all members of the Socialist Party must come
In on the same . basis���-as workers,
seeking to overthrow the rule of capital
But. a little investigation goes to
prove that the trades unionist haa at
least, blindly may he, made some effort to help himself; and, as a result,
haa received a training and experience that makes bim realise one
thing at least: That if the worker.
aver expect to accomplish anything
for themselves they must be ready
and willing to pay the hill.
ThI. I. amply borne out by the experience of the Socialist Party In
British Columbia.
Take away the efforts, money and
discipline of that portion, of the Socialist Party which happens,
P.O.UOX It73.
af g����f..  ,:<'V^
Demand the label
fellow-utUoutote. I
1 ii a 1 ��� n
���     .1 ���
$1.50 per day and up
Special Rata, by thn
Clarendon Hotel
*���**���_ _    ^rei
McDADE, Prone,
.    Be    O.       I
���        ���
...    . ���
 .       ..     .   . 1 ���
P. O. Box Wd��
af. a
Systems pf Water WorM
DamBstic Supply,     Power Devrfoptnenl,
Irrigation Plants,
Estimates Furnished
Industry using local material and   employing   w
When patroni2ing Our
j '��
'"        ���      '   ft'"*
1 '    "    ������,'. ii a -ii     >i .< ^liS.
Did Yo�� Ov
ar j^lie aTarm clock .and slept. half hour longer than ���
a Gas Range, breakfast could be prepared in ten minutes.
of Cooking Is the Common
Sense Method
��� ���
It saves  time���It aaves labor���It saves expense.
Grstiville St. iirxt Vsncouver Opera Ih.ue.
.         ���  f' ���       i >
���"���- '" ''>""' ���'..������.' '.'   ."'".���   ���'.:'   ':,��f-  i, :;���.,-,. ..,. ���:., ;,.;:  i":;i,r���:';i:,^^raja^:
W^^. ���..'^ih ������     #n       ^4r-*#���������������
V^ncoijvftr (i/R (ffl
f Ui IvvU V vl       vICiO     v/v/ii
cessary to secure   their   deliverance
from the
yoke of wage-ate v-
>wn  aa  the tradea union move- ******* dining room in cen-
iiat. ������!***��"*upott **10Cla"
If the socialist doe. hi. duty very
soon the struggle will not be a question of -fair wages," more feed, lea. Phone 122 V.
hour., etc., but/ as Is already evidenced, especially In this western territory, one Of polltleal action ateug
amine, tt.ee,
I say speed the day when "Labor
Realising our responsibilities In
the premises, we, a* socialist. In the
trade, union movement, would be
onward,   were to desert    them In - McELROY, lYoprietor
""' tt-^"^Zi- e. what  I. "'�����/ f-r-W.- reem.      " *
.4* mitw    9-Vr����*#��*?* '���������
��� V    V j
a a
Cor. Hasting,   and   Oolumbte
-���;���-.��� ��� ..���M^'.M.jityf-�� -
ii > nan
Vancouver, B. C.r March St, '08.
''*"* <
Day" will he Election Day.
With the firm conviction that the
long to trades unions and what have positive that these organisations sre    **tvn belongs to the working class.
���you left? idle something more than mere traders?    I remain your comrade In revolt,
v It', true many of these are ex-un-       What other ''trader', organisation
jlonlata,   but that te Chiefly   because has ever helped to finance the   So-
thelr respective unions have been ex- delist Party?
terminated by capital, ii ;n # it must be remembered, too, that
; Who is making the Socialist Party the members of thi. particular "trad-
possible In Alberta right at this mom- er's organisation, being wage-earn-
ont? en, have so many interests akin to
Who enabled u. to place twenty- the rest of the working class that they
two candidates in  the field In this cannot, try a. they will, disassociate
last election? themselves from   the revolutionary
tat matter who 1. making movement;   their  very Uvea, every-   ��ot forget to a.k for It   It will not
the Socialist Party possible in every day experiences,   and environment,
country over which the flag of Capital coupled   with  the logical course of
flutters capital, will Ultimately compel them
Why. Socialists who are members to take sides with the Socialists,
of trades unions; not because they
The following te a list of the Union
printing offices In the city. Ton can
get the label put on your printing at
any of these place, and you should
The trades unionist Is usually a
jgre trades unionist., but because  of more staple member of the working
[the hope within them as Socialists. class than bis unfortunate "free and
"The trade, union haa fought  its independent" brother wage-slave.
jitgbt and lost." Who ever heard of a "union among
As trades  uiUonte|k%tes, but as the jobless?                           < ,
mem bers of trades' union./ no. Then, rightly or wrongly, the mem-
Every loss has been a victory; and bar of a trades union, by virtue of
jaa a matter of fact the"i^#ht rover- hi. Job, has a vote.      > pm^
.es    administered    to    "organized" ' The other fellow is too busy seek-
labor by courts and parliament, alike jng a master to become a voter,
are but forcing that portion of the For the present, at least, the shag
working class to do the right thing, with the vote te the man the Socialist
and.very soon you will see that, the wants to reason with, and need, in
ruler,  are but "digging   their  own hi. business.    .....                     ,.,,������
graves." I agree absolutely with the policy
Tou may eigne,lhat if the member, of trade, unions do change their having no attitude toward, any one
B. C. Printing and Engraving Co..
corner Homer and Smithe St..; phone
Clarke A Stuart, corner Seymour
and Cordova; phone 8.
Clelland A Welsh, 638 Pender St.;
Phone 2578.
Evans &
St.; phone IS..
i '     "A
�����i ii aaa���ill in n
Have yon ever atopped to
think what it would mean to
you were your home and Ita
content, destroyed by Are?
|6.oo to $8.00 iter year will
Insure you for $1,000 should
such a calamity happen. Take
warning from Victoria.
v     ���   ���'
���   m
317 Pender St.
St.; phone 588.
Hughe. 6 El kins, 588 Pender St.;
phone 666.
Jackson A Morrison, 153 Hastings
St.; phone 772.
Klngsley,  E. T., 165  Hastings St.
phone 884,. ..._������,
Nicholson, J.  C.��  & Son, corner
bavin* no attltudrtowa^anf one **��' ** �� ��^*��5��
tactics, and they are doing w. their    section of the working class; that'. News-AdvertlsOr (Job), 301 Pen-
oiganteatlon ceases to function as a    one of the reahon. I'm a member of ** sV *"*   **                 **
trades union.           JS||                   that party. *D*   * , ��         ���   ^ o.
Well, what of lt�� ^mnlflsaW1!* m��ri.v rf'^aa#M^la.ia4       Oxtor* Ihreaa, Howe 8t
dty of mom la. the ���	
Roedde, G. A.. Richards St; phone
I Saturday Sunset, 641
phone 2796.
Thompson Stationery Co., Has*
gs,   135   Hasting.    St.; phone, Branch Exchange 3520
Trythall A Son, 549 Seymour
rrow  A  Jewell,  626  Westmin-    phone 1880.
Ate., phone 3711. White A Bindon, 113 Hasting. St.;
Ham, F. N.. A Co., 550 Granville     phone 1633.
v Newspapers.
News-Advertiser, World, Provln
Saturday Sunset, Western Clarion.
���i ���*-?���. ���''��� ���
' The    following    houses    empl
white, as stated;    All white,
Bay, Louvre Cafe; first, second a
night cooks white, AI.*. Cafe, Schii-
man's Cftfe, Rue. Cafe, Saddle
Winnipeg Cafe;   first, second,
��� ��� a
-.      .
la it not, on the <
ptoof   Socialtet m
d night cook,    white, Varicoui
,%��� Y��
John Hector, Prop.
Cora Pender and Seymour,
t  for
membeirs  to  work  along individual
~    - ���^n^Bm'mrmWKamJa^in
The possibilities of the mem1
trades-anion, aire only bouddei
" "No criticism of the trade
can be made that does not
foe whole  working  class.
NeW^anjjdlUons must and will
met  with  new  methods.
The 8octeltet�� in the tradea union
movement must soon guide the destiny of that movement
This because the socialist la the
only ont of their numberr that pot-
the economic   tawledf. Af
i'iY'j '''���'��� i>
��� >y vi t^thM
��� -*���'	
��� m:
When Patronizing Our Adversers Dart Forget to Mention the Trades Unionist.
.^\ u
i i    i i
Choice Cut Flowers
Pot Plants
tloaj** Seeds
Vegetable Seeds
.Lawn Grass Seed and
Funeral. Designs a Specialty
Brown Bros. & Co., Ltd.
. 50 Hastings St. E.
Phone A 3131      Phone 98S
vT���0K woqj
e V���*
H $ d
apis uon uofufl iiv
��� ���
WY' ���
^Mtthe <Big Stock-taking
Sale at
We Fell the Best Goods at
all times, for. Cash only, at
.mailer prloes than can be
bought anywhere else In British Columbia.
t Visit the .tore and see the
magnificent display of good
things to eat. Notice the price
tickets, compare our prices
1th others.
��� ���"��� ���
Save Money ��� .
���;���:.' i i:     '
on. your groceries  by    buying
your supplies at
fa*/*-*-**i-��� < ���*������ ���*-*-���'-    -���*���_������ f- ��
���    '
j . * ���
Co., La
* **e
* 1
^��, ^aea^aalBSSi^B^att^SaWa^i^ak#w^^JM
Telephone Exchange 1ST
���    "    -
��.iiiiiiii,i.ii;,li'�� ��'��n
_]   .
���   ;
The different branch**, rtf the Mechanical department of the C.P.It.
have received notice that after May
1 alt existing agreements will be
cancelled. This applies to machinists,
boilermakers, blacksmiths, allied mechanics, moulders and electricians.
'   .    V. ���       ���?
.�� al���ai..L alahlti
Referring to the action of the
United States Supreme Court In declaring the boycott Illegal, Samuel
Gompers, President of the American
Federation of Labor, said:
"While the Supreme Court of other
institutions may be.able to temporarily retard and seriously embarrass
the growth and action of our movement, we boldly assert, that no power
on earth can destroy sucessfully, outlaw, or disrupt the trades union
i-i,.i,iMI     .n.i    i- newe.   *   ,r m mm,mm*H
In   the . country.    President
wman of the New York Central,
a communication |e>t��.e m
to the effeotatfus^
wage, oh the Central or allied line.
Is contemplated.
The Old Age Pension BUI now before the Parliament of Great Britain
provides tor the payment of 5s. per
week to all persons over ^5 years of
age. The total amount to be paid In
such pensions Is estimated at   ��8,-
aoo,ooo/ \    ..,,.:
ft     .,._ a ��r ^  �� 1      .a*.   �� . Price,    moderate.       Always
;   President H. O. Duffy, of the Butte FIr8^lass music In attendance.
(Mont.)  Miners' Union, states that unlon h^p '
Circulars   posted   in   other   mining
camps and 1�� leading cities of   the BANCROFT * MrKINNON,
North|faattof the effect that 10.000 ,;     l^MJifiMlM
menft 4r/>AMted ia i B.tte are ml.- j    .    V-��   i M\f\MiJij
leading.   The  supply of  labor  now
there far exceed, the demand.
'���'-a   '���
���'.- -
Everything      strictly    first-class.
The Erie Railroad has officially
notified its boilermakers and, boiler-
makers' helpers that their wages will
bo reduced 10 per cent.
��� ���    ���
A bill, which passed'its first reading in the British House, of Commons on February 10, prohibits
smoking by persons under the age
of 16.
a      a     *
The Great Northern Railway Com-
psny has decided not to reduce the
salaries of its operators after the
Fedejral "hours of service" law goes
Into ^effect.
��� *    ���
The employes of all the railways
in Uruguay have gone on strike.
There are about 1300 mile, of rail*
way in Uruguay, which are control-
led by British capitalist., f
��   .:������������
The Italian Government ha. pub*
lished further telegrams from the
Italian Consuls at New York and
San Francisco discouraging emigration to America for the present:
��� ���     *
The recent big railway dispute in
England, that was settled by conciliation, has secured for railway employes a six-day working week��,with
extra pay for Sunday work attd other
concessions. * t
put of-7,848 ca9#s settled by vol h
tary    conciliation    and    arbitration
hoard, in. Great Britain, during the
prist ten year.; only 42, or 1 per centj
them, were preceded by stoppa
of work by strikes.
A commiitoa.^df Uwentyfl
road meb/rwgpenting ttt
hood   of  locomotive   enginee;
comotive firemen, railway trainmen,
railroad conductors and.railway tel
egrapbers. met at New York on Feb?
ruary 31 to take action as to the reported reduction of wage, by rall-
The Nine-hour law, reducing the
employment of railroad telegraphers,
which went Into effect throughout
the country on March 4, will necessitate the employment of thousands
of . additional telegraphers by the
railroads of the country, and It Is
hailed In labor circles as a boon to
many keymen out of work, some of
whom were unable to regain employment after the telegraph strike
of last year.
Independent Or
Westminster A v., Mt. Pleasant.
Headquarter, for
Pare   Drugs,
"������������' '$m��
'        a*
Physician. Prescriptions a
OBO. LlTAlaL, Manager.
The Burneide Gas Appliance Co.
have started In business at 1038
Granville St.. in a full line of Gas
Ranges, Heaters, Logs, Radiators,
e INtsg-. .oeofildWater-*Heater-e e t
Water Heaters, Lights, Mantels. Engines. Cooking tJteMll., etc. , T^hey
alee estimate and contract for the
Installation of anything in the above
Una.. Anyone wishing to < consult
them can do so by-calling up. phone
3704, and Immediate attention^ will
be given to any request. Only "union
men are engaged and will he*. envw
We cater particularly to
Clothing and Furnishing
...:' t
408 Westminster
��'   !
iii      i\  , :'if'}'i'L
��� ���
i't ��k
��� ��� ���
-! li-r��"'
. :v t|
.Toe  Bruce,   well   and    favorably
known in Vancouver, and president
of. the  Barber.'  Union,  has taken
over the Grotto Barber    Shoj?    on
Gr^nyijle;street, and to say the,'
he has a modern and up-to-date
.tabllshment.   Added to this is a
potent corps of barbers, and as there
are five" chairs, going, the hasty cue?
j^.l^ lmj�� wn|t to   THK cASoSalHI
get himself    barbered.    Bach    ton. ^
sdrta> irttet has at his hand all the     >outpu" of
���.COAL v*
'i        AND
- ���'%
ja>       ��� f jartdjiajjuj
le entire
ogton Coal
^\Z ItZ haa  aaFfiaS     ** ** * ****** ***** ������ta
tha- nn^n    Z*i��    aa     ** ***** U WtU ~ ** *"*"***
thl ��tti��l. *^D* . "   ��**���*���> ** ����� 4i����r��il grades of
porter. Mm. Mr. Bruce Intend, also
to put in a lady manicurist in the
very ne.r future.'
this very superior coal.
1157, 675.
atronizing Our Advertizere Dofit FonjetWateirtion the Trades Unionist.


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