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The B.C. Trades Unionist 1909-01-01

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THE B. C. TRADES UNIONIST
and   Union   Label   Bulletin.
ISSUED  BT  THE  VANCOUVER  TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL, IN THE  INTERESTS OF  ORGANIZED LABOR
Vol. HI, No. 12.
VANCOUVER, B. C, JANUARY, 1909.
$1.00 Per Tear.
Vancouver, B. C, Dec. 17, 1908.
Tbe regular fortnightly meeting of
the Trades and Labor Council was held
this evening ln Labor Hall, President
Pettipiece in the chair.
The minutes of the previous meeting were read snd approved.
Credentials: Bricklayers and Masons, W. W. Sayer.
' A letter was resd from Dr. Proctor
in reply to a complaint from 8. Thomas re conditions st the City Hospital.
The letter was filed and a committee
composed of Delegates Sayers and
Payne was appointed to visit that institution weekly.
Delegate Sayers reported in re the
contract on the sanitarium at Tran-
quille, stating that there was no fair
wage clause therein. Under new business the representatives of this council on the executive of the Anti-Tuberculosis Society were Instructed Jo
write Dr. Pagan in regard to the matter.
The committee appointed at last
meeting to look into the advisability
of the council publishing its pwn paper
reported ln writing at considerable
length, urging the advisability of securing power from the Legislature to
publish a paper. On motion of Delegates McVety and Knight the -report
was adopted.
The Parliamentary Committee
Drought forward the following motion:
"Resolved that this j council request
that the B. C. Executive of the Dominion Trades Congress take steps to
bring about a Labor Representative
Committee for British Columbia, and
that the same executive call a convention of all labor organisations, socialist and farmers' leagues throughout
the province."
J In amendment Delegates McVety
and Perry moved: "That this council circularize other unions in the province aa t6 the advisability of requesting the B. C. Executive of the Domln-
MjLWldita Congress to call a convention of the wage-earners' organizations
of British Columbia for the purpose of
��� bringing about a Labor Representation
Committee."     This   amendment   car-
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Reports From Unions.
Cooks   and   Waiters���Maple   Leaf
f*��%ff*kA%    T^ATIbbbH    fas
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urge all union men to ask for the card.
Tailors���Trade still bad. There
seems to be no demand for the label.
Printers���The Henderson Directory
is printed in a non-union printing office in Winnipeg. This book is supported entirely by the people of Vancouver and should be printed here.
On motion of Delogate Knight, the
following resolution carried: 'That
at the next election the offices of
treasurer and caretaker be separated
and applications for the position of
caretaker be called for."
The following notice of motion given
at a previous meeting by the executive was put to a vote and carried:
"That Article 5, Sec. 1, be amended by
adding the following words, 'And shall
have authority to give instructions to
the caretaker in the discharge of his
duties.'"
The question of election deposits
left over from a previous meeting was
again laid over.
The president having called attention to the fact that the Salvation
Army were again arranging to send
men to British Columbia, a discussion
was, precipitated which ended in Delegate Sayer and the secretary being appointed a committee to draft a resolution on the subject.
The president and secretary were
appointed a committee to draft a letter' to the various unions re the holding of a convention as already passed.
The secretary called attention to the
fact that at next meeting would take
place the nomination of officers for the
ensuing term.
Receipts, $45; disbursements, $34.53.
Vancouver, B. C, Dec. 3, 1908.
The regular meeting of the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council was
held this evening President Pettipiece
in the chair.
The minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved.
Credentials were received as follows: Iron Moulders, C. Cropley, O.
McGear and Bro. Curtis.
An account of $7.60 front the Cascade Woodyard waa ordered paid.
*  A communication from the city clerk
announcing that a referendum on the
8-hour day for civic work would be
ferring to election deposits, and this
lay on the table for two weeks.
Delegate Aicken, from the Parliamentary Committee, reported that he
had visited No. 2 branch of the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and
Joiners, and he was encouraged to believe that that body would again he
with us in the council.
Delegate Aicken also reported from
the Juvenile Protective Association.
The report was received, and Delegates Aicken and Knight moved that
the action of the society be endorsed.
Reports From Unions.
Building Trades���They hsd taken
up the case of the electricians against
the city electrician and had found that
while every charge had been proved,
yet the city council had simply filed
the report. Delegate Sayer had already written a letter to the papers
and the matter should not be let drop.
Bricklayers���Announced that the
building being put up by Pat Burns on
Hastings Street wss being done by
non-union  labor.
Street Railway Men���Reported that
thejp*were not In favor of the -council
taking part ln the civic election this
year.
A delegate from the Brotherhood Of
Carpenters stated that they hoped to
have the universal working card In
operation among the building tradea
before very long.
Cooks and Walters���If union men
would make reference to the union
card when they patronise a house, it
would assist materially.
Bartenders���Delegate Edwards had
resigned the position of representative
for that organization, but a new one
would be appointed Sunday night
Notices of motion from the previous
meeting were laid over for two weeks.
The communication from No. t
branch of the Amalgamated Society of
Carpenters and Joiners re a Labor
are householders can be systematical- Representation Committee waa rely placed on the/ voters, list, thereby t*n^^^ Parliamentary
availing themselves of the .franchise    tee-for "
with all Its rights and mutual benefits.       On motion of Delegates Knight
Concurred in. Sayers the account of the
On motion  of Delegates Pettipiece    Works for $6 was ordered paid.
and Kernighan, the report waa adopt-       Receipts,     $30.00;
eu witn tne exception of tne part re-   silSiBQa- -^^^^^.^^^^.^wm^m'���jim\&��$
-���������'.��� ������,' '���. .     ...
m Mention the Trade. tintonttL
President Pettipiece at this stage
called Delegate McVety to the chair.
President Pettipiece reported what
action had been taken by the committee in reference to the cases of destitution in South Vancouver.   Report ac-
3pted and approved.
President Pettipiece reported that so
far this month none of the unions had
it in any communications for the
'Trades Unionist, neither had they sent
ln any subscriptions. During the past
week Mr. Gothard had given instructions that the Trades Unionist be cut
down to eight pages. Editor Pettipiece
had withheld his copy until such times
as he received the assurance that the
paper would be maintained at 16 pages.
On motion of Delegates Cowan and
Burns the report was received, which
produced a protracted debate, a considerable number of delegates taking
part. During the debate Mr. Gothard
was granted the floor on two occasions
to  explain  his  position.
Moved by Delegates Knight and
Duncanson that this council reconsider the Executive Committee's report of the previous meeting wherein
it referred to the Trades Unionist.
This was carried on a standing vote of
23 to 5.
It was then moved by Delegates
Knight and Smith that this council
proceed at once to bring about the
ownership of its own labor journal and
that a committee be appointed to take
up the matter at once. Carried unanimously. Committee: Delegates Knight,
Williams and McVety.
The Parliamentary Committee re-
' ported having received a letter from
the superintendent of education, giving them the list of books at present
supplied ln the city schools. The report also dealt with hospital matters
on the G. T. P. The following resolution was recommended:
. "That the Trades and Labor Council assist In the organisation of an association so that all workingmen who
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THt   *,   C.   TRADE* UNIONIST. VANCOUVgR, IRITItH COLUMBIA.
BURRARD SANITARIUM
/0/0 Georgti &
ValnCOaWatT,    A   C
The Burrard Sanitarium is one of the most modern and thoroughly
equipped private hospitals in the Dominion. $25 is the price of a yearly
contract for a whole family, and $15 for an individual contract and entitles holders to the following home, office and hospital treatment:
Treatment. Includes all medicines and surgical dressings, together
with the physician's attendance upon medical and surgical cases.
Offk�� Treatment. Includes consultation, medicines and surgical dressings
for any sickness or ailment
issfital Treatment. Includes board, room, nursing, medicines, surgical
dressings and medical and surgical attendance for three months for
any one illness.
Obstetrical Attendance. Obstetrics! cases will receive physician's attendance free at the Sanitarium, but will be required to pay their hospital expenses.
Contagious diseases will receive free medical attendance at patient's home, but of course cannot be admitted into
the Sanitarium.
NO OVERTURES  MADE
BY EITHER W. F. OF M.
OR  THE A.  F.  OF
L.
Mr. Gompers. while at headquarters
of the W. F. M., talked of the labor
movement ln a general manner, and
while recognizing the fact that the
labor movement of this country was
Involved in a tremendous struggle to
assert Its rights, yet, he expressed the
utmost confidence that labor would
ultimately plant Its banner on the shattered ramparts of organized greed.
The officers of the Western Feder-
stlon ot Miners treated Mr. Gompers
with every courtesy that is due to the
man who presides at the helm of an
organization whose membership are
fighting the same battle as the Western Federation of Miners. While the
officers of the Western Federation of
Miners and the great majority of the
membership are not In harmony with
the policy or the tactics of the American Federation of Labor, yet the officers and the members of both organisations realize but too forcibly, that
the labor movement of this continent
cannot be too strongly Intrenched to
resist the oppression of the combinations that are waging a relentless
warfare upon organised labor.
If in the future the Western Federation of Miners shall become a part of
the American Federation of Labor,
such amalgamation can   only    come
Thousands Wear
Fit-Reform
i
333
NOT YOU?
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about through the referendum vote of
the membership. The officers of the
Western Federation of Miners are
merely the servants of the organization, and until the membership shall
seek affiliation With the American Federation of Labor, It Is Idle to make the
claim that the officials are taking any
initiatory steps towards re-affiliation
with the A. F. of L.
It is not probable that an amalgamation will take place In the near future.
for the simple reason that the American Federation of Labor Is based upon
the policy of maintaining craft and
trade autonomy, while the Western
Federation of Miners places Its faith
and confidence ln the efficacy of an
organization that is built upon the
foundation of industrial unionism.
When the American Federation of
Labor, and the national and international unions affiliated with It, realize
the impotency of the labor movement,
divided and scattered Into craft and
trade regiments, and proclaim themselves ln favor of a policy that will
make organized labor a united army,
the Western Federation of Miners can
then join forces with Samual Gompers to do battle under the one flag
against the common enemy.     /
The Post has made the .statement
that "the Western Federation leaders
have grown conservative during the
past few years."
The officers of the Western Federation of Miners have never courted a
conflict on the industrial battlefield.
The officers have ever used their best
efforts to avoid strikes, whenever
such could be accomplished with
the
ciples.
as well as the membership, have always held that no labor organisation
can afford to surrender passively to Industrial brigands, and that defeat upon
the economic field, is preferable to
cowardly dishonor.
The Western Federation ^of Miners
ln the future aa In the past, will
show a willingness to adjust
amicably, If awValble. any differences
'that may arise between the membership and'employers.
The visit of Samuel Gompers st the
headquarters of the Western Federation of Miners wss looked upon by the
officials of the Federation as a fraternal one having1 no other significance
than to show that there is no bitter
antagonism between the two organizations. The Western Federation of
Miners, during its great conflict in
Colorado, and during the great conspiracy trials ln the state of Idaho,
remembers with gratitude the financial assistance that came from the
membership of the American Federation of Labor, and should the time
ever come when storm-clouds should
threaten the men of the East, It Is
safe to predict that the men of the
West will not be found wanting In
furnishing their share of the sinews
of war to wrest victory from the iron
Hand of greed.���Miners' Magazine.
/ 	
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THE SPROTT-SHAW
BUSINESS INSTITUTE
.The China of today Is different from
tbe China of twenty-five years ago,
and the, China of twenty-five years
hence may dictate new problems to
the powers of the world���problems
winch will completely revolutionize
Jflje1 machinery of International capitalism and which will make Socialism
.and the International labor movement
336   Hastings   St.,
If you wish a first-class
course in Bookkeeping. Commercial Law, Penmanship,
Gregg Shorthand, Pitman Short
hand. Touch Typewriting,
Mechanical and Civil Engineering and Telegraphy.
Instruction Individual
Teachers all Specialists
R. J. sprott, B. A., Principal
H.   A.   SCRIVEN,   B.A.,   Vlco
President.
R. CUNNINGHAM. See,
Patronized By the  Leatasg Piyaaaas
BATHS
TURKISH". ELECTRIC
���Hi
J
Massage:
Masseur.
Cert. Masseuse and
leading
ibor.
world  power.���St.   Louis
y The average wages per hour in the
principal manufacturing and mechan-
tcaT)ndustrles of America were 3.7 per
cent-Trfgher in 1907 than in 1906, while
retail prices of food were 4.2 per cent.
tngnrV, according to the July report
of the bureau of labor. The regular
hours of labor per week were four-
tenths of 1 per cent, lower, and the
number of employes ln establishments
investigated by the bureau showed an
increase of 1 per cent. The purchasing power of an hour wage as measured by food was less ln 1907 thsn ln
1906,. the decrease being one-half of 1
per cent
PACE AND SCALP   MASSAGE
Manicuring, Hairdressing
Superflous  Hair,    Moles and
Warts successfully removed.
Expert Assistant Employed.
��� i ��� ���T
Phone 2309
Tlfioo flackett
London. Eaf. Cert.
437 PENDER ST.
Vancouver, B. C
The Bricklayers' and Mason's Union
at Fernie held a bumper smoker last
week..
"What people most seek cannot he
bought with money."���Andrew Carnegie.
Vancouver Lumber Co'y
Limited.
could be accomplished without
l^oZ^TvZM****- Pacific Coast Fir, Cedar and Spruce
%Z���� Z^iTm^'tsm^
Daily Capacity, 200,000 feet
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JI1IUS
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When Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Forget to Mention the Trades Unionist
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TH*   B.   C.   TRADES UNIONIgT. VANOOUVBR. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Os  yes .wait ta save big
���satyf Do you know
that Page is going to move
to 47 Hastings St. W.
very soon ? He must dispose of his entire stock of
Clothing and Furnishings, and has cut prices
to the core���you can get
an $18.00 Suit for $11.75;
a $13.50 Raincoat for 18.-
������; a $i.60 Shirt for 95c,
and ao on all through the
store. Come and see how
be can help you make
money���this month.
Wm. *Paye
Clothier sad Furnisher
166 and 168 Cordova St
PUBLI8H A PAPER
ABSOLUTELY IT8 OWN
redes    Counoil    to   Seek    Charter
Amendments for the Purpose
Above  Stated.
After full and free discussion, last
of several meetings of Vancouver
les snd Labor Council, a decisive
was taken at last regular meet-
A special committee, composed of
Delegates McVety. Knight and Williams, made the following report, after thoroughly going Into the present
arrangement with S. J. Gothard:
Tour committee begs to state that
the publication of a new paper might
�� secured in four different ways:
First, by the present arrangements
with 8am J. Gothard being continued.
Second, the Council might abrogate
the agreement with Mr. Gothard which
baa been declared null and void by
son to start a new publication with the
endorsement of the central body.
Third, the Council' might continue
the agreement ln connection with the
Trades Unionist ln every particular,
and also grant permission to others to
Issue a paper, nothing ln the agreement stipulating exclusive rights ss to
publication, and;
Fourth, the Council might secure
permission from the Legislature to allow It the legal right to publish a paper ln Its own nsme and then appoint
a manager to publish a paper In the
sole Interest of themselves, all profit
and losses to be received or met by
the Council.
The committee had thoroughly considered all the methods, and was of the
opinion that the adoption of any arrangement whereby the ownership of
the organ was vested ln others than
the Council, could not result ln anything else but s continuation of the
abuse of the good nsme of the Council through unscrupulous advertising
canvassers.
We recommend thst our solicitors
be Instructed to secure the necessary
power to allow the Council to assume
the ownership of a paper Immediately.
As the Legislature does not sit until
the middle of January, It wss suggested that nothing be done until the Council was ln a position to act In an entirely legal manner and in a way that
would allow It to dictate absolutely the
polcy of its own press.
The policy of a labor paper should
be confined to the education of the
workers, rather than a medium, whereby certain products might be boycotted, and with the elimination of the
boycott feature.boycott feature, then
the danger of libel syits would be
largely obviated.
Upon motion, the report was adopted with but three dissenting votes.
The Council's solicitor will Immediately be instructed to secure the
necessary extension of power to its
charter and should soon be publishing
a paper of its own in every sense that
the term Implies.
The present subscription list belongs
solicitors, and alow someotner per-    to the Trades Council and subscribers
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We are showing the very Latest Novelties in Men's, Boys' and
We carry the largest stock in the Province
inspection and the PRICES ABB RIGHT.
Overalls and JaiBBIllS always kept te
ATTENDED   TO.
Jjsfci
life
809 to 816 Hastings SL
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Telephone702
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The Workingman's Clothing Store
860 Water St., W. 421 Cordova St., W.
Headquarters for a special line of Underwear, Pants and
Union Label Overalls, Smocks, Shirts, Gloves-, Boots
and Shoes at Lowest Prices.
WILSON <ft> RICHMOND
Remember the Place
/
can depend upon getting their money's
worth.
Under the proposed new venture
there wll be no reasonable excuse tor
unions and wage-earners not giving
their hearty support snd co-operation.
HOW THEY DID IT WHEN THERE
WA8 NO UNION.
A statue of King Edward VI. provided that laborers could work only at a
"certain price or rate," under penalty
In certain cases "of the pillory or loss
of an ear." Another statute provided
that If a man refused to work at wages
fixed by law he was to be branded
with the letter "V" (meaning vagabond) and reduced to slavery for two
years. If he attempted to escape, he
was branded with an "S" and made a
slave for life. If he then had spirit
enough to protest, he was hanged. It
was not until 1795 that an English
workman could legally seek work outside his own parish. Down to 1779,
miners in Scotland were obliged to
work ln the pit as long as their employers chose to keep them there, and
they were legally sold as part of the
plant
The corporate Interests of Western
Canada, as personified ln the C. P. R.,
recently sought to augment the labor
market In British Columbia by the,importation of several hundred Hindoos.
The daily press was loud in Its praises
of the adaptability of the Hindoo to
mill work, etc.; the employers were
delighted���with the wages agreed
upon. But it has been found that the
Hindoo wage-slave is unprofitable���
cannot deliver the goods, in competition with the more buxom Japanese,
Chinese and even fellow British subjects. The Hindoo Is not a profit-producer. Hence, there is a sudden
change of front. The "poor" Hindoo la
climatically unfit; the government
must at once become paternal and "assist" the Hindoo to Honduras or���any
other place, so that "we" may be spared the necessity of viewing slaves that
are neither useful nor ornamental, or
supporting them with charity. And besides the Hindoo Is unpatriotic, and
haa really evidenced a desire to throw
off the yoke ot British capital in India.
All of this. from, capitalist apologists,
but not a word about the Interests that
brought the Hindoos to thla province.
Peculiar are the workings of class rule.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION.
J. D. HarknesB, of Vernon, B. C, la
ln the general hospital here aa the result of an accident, the night of his
arrival ln this city, some four weeks
ago, by which a C. P. R. engine struck
him, breaking both legs. Burt R.
Campbell, secretary of Vernon Typographical Union, No. 641, writes that
Mr. Harkness had been accepted aa
a member of that union, but not initiated, through no fault of hla own.
The local executive have visited Mr.
Harkness and are doing what they
can to make his life as pleasant aa
possible under such circumstances.'
There Is more to unionism than the
mere question of hours and wagea.
Are you turning In all non-label
printing to Labor Hall?
One of the best bits of legislation
ever enacted by Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council, to govern its proceedings, was* the following clause, Introduced by the late John T. Mortimer:
"All delegates must be wage-earners,
and either actively employed at the
trade or calling they are representing
as delegates, or acting as paid agents
putting in their full time In service of
their respective unions." This barred
effectively a few government office-
holding old-party politicians and proved beneficial to the council.
Y9M
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A publisher ln St. John, N. B., has
been fined and sentenced to jail for
Importing a gang of "rats" to take the
places of members of Typographical
Union No. 85, who have been on strike
in that city for some months. The
charge against the publisher waa made
under the Allen Contract Labor Law,
and it is anticipated the judgment will
have a far-reaching effect. The Allen
Labor Act is still being ignored by the
corporate employers of the Dominion,
aad was openly violated hy the Canadian Pacific. Railway, which recently
had a strike of machinists on Ita hands.
'"..���$
.
R. Bauer
Phone 1826.
Eagle
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When Patrcnizing Our Adversers Don't Forget to
63 Cordova St. West
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THE   B.   C
UNIONIST, VANOOUVBR, BRITISH COLUMBIA*
Our Annual Stock-taking
SALE
comes immediately after the
holidays. If you have overlooked
buying any presents or wish to
purchase Men's Clothing or Furnishings, you may have your choice
of all our stock at
GREATLY REDUCED
PRICES
Call and look over our many
lines which are being sold at
sacrifice prices.
H. Sweeney
&. oo.
605 Hastings Street West
THE LEMIEUX ACT.
By J.  H.  McVety.
If the enactment of the Industrial
Disputes Investigation Act, better
known as the Lemieux Act, was intended to supply a medium through which
satisfactory settlements of labor disputes could be arrived at, it has undoubtedly failed in its mission, but if
intended to discriminate against and
penalize the employees of railways and
mines, both coal and metaliferous,
then it will be generally agreed that
it has been a phenomenal success and
has justified the most extravagant
hopes of its most ardent supporters.
Apologists for the legislation maintain the necessity of protecting the
"Interests of the public"; but, If Intended to protect the public why has
the scope been limited to railways,
mines, etc., thereby still further assisting the larger employers of labor who
have ln the past been quite able to
look after themselves without any assistance from the government.
Great capital has been made of the
refusal of the Dominion Trades Congress to demand the repeal of the
legislation, but this attitude is easily
accounted for, ss ninety per tent, of
the delegates composing that body are
representatives of trades to which the
Act Is not applicable and consequently little or no consideration has been
given the subject, with the result that
the majority of the workers have s
very slight knowledge of the principles
involved and the effect on organized
labor.
To secure an intelligent opinion of
the merits or demerits of material or
food, we naturally go to men using the
material on which the opinion is required, and in the case of the Lemieux
Act, when we apply to railroad and
mine employees we find them almost
unanimous in their disapproval of the
measure. In fact, the mineworkers
have expressed their intention to disregard it altogether in the future on
account of the unfair treatment received under its provisions.
Labor power is a commodity, bought
and sold in the market, the same as
any other article of commerce, and the
dealers should be allowed the same
rights as enjoyed by dealers in other
merchandise.
The most important and, in fact, the
clauses forming the backbone of the
Act are contained in Sections 56 and
57 of Section 8. The first mentioned
sections provide that strikes cannot
be called in any industry in connection with transportation or mining,
without first giving the employer thirty days' notice of the desire to change
existing conditions and then applying
for and awaiting the decision of a
board appointed by the government
for the purpose of investigating the
dispute. The penalty for violating
these provisions is a fine of not less
than $10, nor more than $50 for each
day each employee remains on strike,
and in default of payment of the fine,
imprisonment.
The unfairness of this law will be
manifest to all workers: first, the men
are compelled to give 30 days' notice
of their desire to change existing
agreements, and at the end of that
time (in the case of railway disputes)
the government consumes the better
part of two months conducting the Investigation. In cases where the employer has decided to fight, or where
he. desires to prepare for trouble, this
delay is of inestimable value, the regular staff being compelled by law to remain at work and the company may
at the same time arrange    for   the
Vancouver Engineering
Works, Ltd.
BOILERMAKERS BLACKSMITHS
IRONPOUNDERS   MACHINISTS
���.    .    .     .
519-659 Sixth Avenue West, Vancouver, B.C.
'PHONE 250 and 2925
-   �����.;/.��� '���'. -.
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Yorkshire Guarantee and Securities Corporation, Limited
OF HUDDERSFIELD, ENGLAND
(Established in Vancouver in 1890)
am CAPITAL $2,500,000
^Jl Estates managed for residents and non-residents
Mortgages, Real Estate Bought and Sold
Authorized Capital $5,000,000
Subscribed  Capital 2,782,300
Accumulated Fund 10,000,000
Claims Paid Exceed 25,000,000
R. KERR, HOULGATE, Manager
440 Seymour St Vancouver, B.C.
-General Agents in ritish Columbia for
Yorkshire Insurance Co., Ltd.
OF YORK, ENGLAND, (Established 1824)
*
necessary contingent of strike-breakers.
I will now attempt to show the relative positions of a man, or men, attempting to sell his or their commodity, their labor power, as compared
with a merchant selling his merchandise. Take the case of a committee
attempting to collectively bargain for
the sale of the labor power of the
members of the organization they represent, and we find their position Is
worse than that of the man Belling
Iron, lumber, cement or bread.
To Illustrate, If the baker believes
the market to be In a favorable condition for an Increase ln the price
of his commodity, bread, he merely
raises the price and refuses to sell
until the increase is paid. And I cannot recollect one instance where the
government objected or compelled him
to continue selling at the old price until the question was investigated and
a decision rendered.
Should the men refuse to sell their
labor power at the old price during the
time the question Is being investigated, they are considered offenders
under the Criminal Code, liable to be
fined or imprisoned.
While the workers are being compelled to sell at the old price, the
baker may have increased the price
of food 60 per cent under the same
law ot supply and demand, that Is
_.
supposed to regulate the price of
labor power. During this time the
labor market, may have changed, either
naturally or with the assistance of the
employer, and It matters little how fair
the request of the men may have been,
they have small chance of securing
any Improvement If the supply of
labor power has ln the meantime be*
come greater than the demand.
This' legislation, therefore, is not
founded on correct principles, as It
places barriers in the way of workers
who may be seeking improved conditions or an increased wage, and inter*
feres with the cardinal principles of
the competitive system, making the
position of the wage-earner more irk*
some and Impossible than heretofore.
The Blue Label is on the
"Vtry Itest" *
"Vancr. Bdle"
Cigars
Havana hand-made Cigars.
Ask for them at all bars and
cigar stores.   Made by
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Don't Forget to Mention the Trades Unionist
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THE   B.   C.   TRADES UNIONIST. VANCOUVIR,  BRITISH  COLUMBIA
5
aa���
BEST HOUSEHOLD
COAL
ON THE PACIFIC COAST
Wellington Lump, Comox Furnace,
Wellington Egg.
Macdonald Marpole Co., Ltd.
Sole Agents
Head Office,        -       427 Seymour Street
East End Office      -   1001 West'r Avenue
Telephones:
Head Office, 210 and 900
East End Office, 200
8
i
The only other clause worthy of
note Is Section 8, dealing with the
formation of boards. Investigating
hoards are composed of three members, two recommended by the employer and employees, respectively, and the
third, the chair, on the recommendation of the two, or, falling a decision,
the appointment is made by the government
In an effort to secure men for the
latter position who will be acceptable,
the position is generally filled by men
taken from the walks of life that preclude the possibility of their having
the knowledge necessary to adjudicate
on technical matters naturally arising
in trade disputes. These gentlemen
are usually aware ot their weakness in
this respect, and ln an effort to be fair
to both sides they adopt a policy ot
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AMILY BUTCHERS
WHNlHl i Ittafl OnUrs
ia starts sf all We*...
��������� . ���
SHIPPING IS OUR SPECIALTY
���
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Tel. 684
VANCOUVER, B. C.
���  ���
compromise, the result being that the
men are compelled to ask for considerably more than they expect to receive,
in order to allow for the known habits
of the chairman, who is, at the last
analysis, the sole judge, the others
each "standing pat" for their own
side.
If the men make demands which
would bring their remuneration higher
than that paid to the same class of
labor In surrounding territory they run
the risk of being held up to public
ridicule on account of their unfair attitude.
Disputes arising between lawyers
are settled by a judge, one of their
own profession, farmers' disputes by
farmers, in almost every, case the contestants insist ing on men familiar with
the technicalities of the business being appointed to render the decision.
Under this legislation, however, it is
* almost Impossible to secure the appointment of men familiar with the
matters' under investigation and the
represent at! ve of the men has to teach
the chairman the points of the dispute
before any progress can be made. The
burden of proof appears to rest with
the men, despite their inability to secure statistics such as are accessible
to employers with a large corps ot
officials and clerks, the employers'
statist Ics being accepted because of
the insbillty of the men to dslprove
them The illustrations quoted should
be suffldent to show any m*omnm
Whan Patronizing Our Advartftere Don't
��!.D11S
If mm m
the unfairness and effect of {his legislation upon men engaged in Industries
to which It hss been made applicable
and the urgent necessity of having It
repealed or st least radically amended.
In an effort to show the necessity of
the legislation snd to justify the expenditures necessary to Its enforcement the government has Issued a
voluminous report showing the disputes investigated, and in nearly every
Instance the claim Is made, "strike
thereby averted." In two cases that
have come under ray personal observation, this statement Is Incorrect, one
instance being the Canadian Pacific
Railway Carmen of Western lines who,
together with the company, agreed to
accept the decision before the board
was appointed, a strike being impossible under these circumstances.
Neither can it be said that the strikes
on railways have decreased since the
enactment of the "Lemieux Act," for
the greatest strike ever seen in Canada occurred through the failure of
this legislation to cope with the situation.
Recognizing the difficulty of securing the repeal of the act In its entirety I would suggest several changes
In the present law:
First, extend the scope and make it
aplicable to all Industries.
Second, make the acceptance of the
awards compulsory.
Third, provide means whereby board
members will be elected for a period
of four years, allowing them to De reelected for succeeding terms.
Fourth, allow adequate remuneration for witnesses, instead of the allowance of $1 to $1.50 per day now allowed, the organizations being compelled to restrict the number of witnesses on account of the expense they
are saddled with.
With these changes the Act will be
regarded as legislation of real Importance, and If the workers do not elect
men worthy of the responsibility with
which they will be entrusted, then the
reflection will be placed where It rightfully belongs, on the electorate.
Th<
Clarence
Hotel
Strictly Union  House
HECTOR & SPEAR1N
Props.
Cor. Pender aad Seymour,
VANCOUVER, B. O.
8CAB BUTTERICK  PATTERNS.
For about three years the Butterlck Company has held out ln its fight
against the establishment of the eight-
hour day in the job and hook printing trade. Great numbers ot working-
men of other trades have lent their
aid to the Typographical Union ln its
efforts for the improvement of conditions, and have systematically refrain*
ed and induced their wives to refrain
from buying the patterns and magazines published by this anti-union
house. In its legal proceedings against
the union the company has admitted
that the boycott has caused It enormous losses, that Its business haa fallen off to the amount of hundreds of
thousands of dollars. The Butterlck
Company in this fight actually represents all capitalist Interests. The Typographical Union actually represents
the interests of the whole working-
class. Every person who buys any
Butterlck publication before that company accepts the eight-hour rule and
the other rules of the union Is helping the capitalists to resist the shortening of the workday in every trade.
Every person who helps to discourage the purchasing of Butterlck products helps to shorten the workday in
all trades and, by so doing, helps to
distribute employment to a larger
number of persons and to Increase the
chances of raising wages.-���The Call.
Suits or Overcoats $15
	
Made-to-order, made-to-fit. made-
to-measure, made-to-satlsfy. Union
men should wear Union ' Made
Clothes, if they want the best Our
Clothes are right Our prices are
right.   Leave your measure with us.
na.   ni. TfTufma   Tj.I1 j urn
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��� ~ *Mi_
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E. H. Heaps
a Co., Ltd.
*****W^^���'���'rW^f^T'- ���- '���: "T-      ������������..--������
��
THE   ���.  C  TRADES UNIONIST, VANCOUVIR, BRITISH COLUMBIA.
i
Lumber. Shingles,
S&sfi, Doors,
Mouldings, Etc, Etc
Cedar Cove Mills
Powell Street
TELEPHONE 441
HARDIE   INSPIRATION.
The Labor Leader, Just" to hand
from England, and with which J. Keir
Hardie is Identified, has taken Canadian Socialists to task. Tbe Hardie-
inspired criticism says, ln part:
"The policy hitherto pursued by the
Socialist Party of Canada has been
that of Insisting upon being regarded
as tbe only political expression of
working-class opinion. At Calgary, for
example, the Miners' Union, of which
Mr. Frank Sherman Is the president
wanted to run 'him. but the local Socialists would have none of this, and
insisted upon nominating him themselves. Tactics of this kind are disruptive, and In the ennd never fail
to defeat themselves. Even from the
point of view of building up a straight
Socialist movement they sre a mistake. But with Socialism and Trades
Unionism united for political ends ss
they are in this country, good progress
in the way of capturing the political
machinery of Canada would speedily
he made."
All of which goes to prove that
hotel-corridor and pink-tea observations cannot he relied upon. Just as
oar good   friend    and worker,   Keir
Hardie, was misled and misinformed
by interested old-party ward-heelers
within the ranks of organised labor,
at the Halifax congress convention, so
is the above excerpt another illustration of the misrepresentation of some
sought-after busy-body.
That there Is no miners' union at
Calgary is merely incidental. That
the unions of Calgary held no meeting to take part ln the election Is
neither here nor there. But that the
most active members of organised
labor In Calgary are members of the
Socialist Party; that the unions, in
convention, hsve declared for the Socialise Party politically, all seems to
have been overlooked.
The truth of the matter Is Keir
Hardie has allowed himself to be
stuffed by old-party trade-unionists, instead of consulting members of the
Socialist Party of Canada who work
at It
Take the nomination of "Bill"
Davidson ln Kootenay, for Instance.
The Socialist Party issued the call
for a convention; the unions were
asked to send delegates. Tbe nomination oT Davidson was made unanimous, and the unions assisted the Socialist Party to fight the workers*
campaign.
Tbe trades union organization is
not and should not be used as a political weapon. It Is essentially a
trader's combination for collective
bargaining���within the limits of capitalism and the wage system.
The Socialist Party Is the political
expression of ALL wage-earners;
founded for the purpose of completely
changing the present form of property
ownership and abolishing the wage
system.
Two separate and distinct organizations for two separate purposes.
However, politically, our interests
as workers are Identical (though not
so as trades unionists) and the Socialist Party provides a common meeting
ground upon which all the workers
can gather and work for a common
purpose���the abolition of wage-slavery
and unemployment; the right of every
man, woman and child to live decently, and of each participant in wealth-'
investigate and bay roar clothes from the
store that handles union-made clothes.
We carry labels on all our goods.
Sole Agents tor
PEABODY'S RAILROAD KING OVER-
ALLS   AND  SARGENT  GLOVES
Mnsion, Keifool
r-
���
_
Laamm^mmmtlB. IMS? ��� ���        Hi ������������	
��������������� j
production to the full value of his contribution to society.
Thla policy ia delivering the goods
ln British Columbia and Alberta.
There Is less bickering In these two
provinces between trades unionists
and Socialists than any place ln the
world���If one Is to judge by the international press��� and if It suits
those who sre responsible for It surely It ought to be acceptable to even
Keir Hardie.
R. P. PETTIPIECE.
RATHER HARSH, BUT���
IF A. F. of L. 8TAND3 PAT?
If, as happens to-day, according to
the A. F. of L., In the matter of Injunctions, the power to decide what Is'
crime rests with a small, the guilty
capitalist minority, and In the hands
of these sre the prison keys, an obvious method to wrench the keys from
the usurper's clutches, snd expose the
fsct that the existing prisons stand on
false foundations, is for that majority
whom the A. F. of L. claim to represent to go to jail���just as the A. F. of
L. decided.
Government rests and ever must
rest upon the consent of the governed. However far bourgeoisdom has
strayed, in fact, from this Its pristine
principle, It does not dare to openly
deny It. Even burgeoisdom could not
have the face to resist so ridiculous a
sight as a majority of the people ln
jail, and the minority out of jail, and
claim they are the body social.
It is up to the A. F. of L. With itself-lies the demonstration and the dls-
proval of its claims���either to jail, or
submission.
If the A. F. of L. speaks truthfully, no Joshua's trumpet could cause
the walls of Jericho to crumble more
effectively than its Denver declaration
will cause the prison walls to evaporate.���The People.
Organized labor, under Samual Gompers' wise political leadership, may
now prepare to wear new holes in its
knees begging for crumbs of legislation st Washington. Had Gompers had
the sense the gods even gave geese
and thrown his votes to the Socialists
and given them a staggering Increase,
he would now have a club ln hla hand
that would save him from again descending to the beggar's whine in the
lobby of Congress the coming year.
With two or three Socialist congress-
. men In office the capitalist crooks just
elected would have to face Socialist
measures in the interests of the tollers and have to go on record on them.
Their present sneers tor organised
labor would have been replaced hy
looks of affright. Such creatures will
only render service to labor when they
fear labor. Not otherwise. And they
don't fear Sammy now.���Social Democratic Herald.
I
An eight-hour day for all civic employes is being agitated tor by the
Tradea Council. Delegate Geo. Payne
Is circulating a petition asking the city
council to submit the question te a
referendum vote at the coming municipal elections.
ATKINS   &   JOHNSON
Proprietors
Good Sample Rooms
FREE 'BUS
Rates $2 and Upwards
I
HO l EI���
" tl �� . ���
'  ���:*       i   'p.
Cor. Hastings and Cambie
Streets
VANCOUVER. _
'" ,"'���'������	
When Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Forget to MatiM the Trade* unkxiitf.
       tf&fcttdCid te mi bBbHsbbY^bHsbb^bbbbbbbbbbbbbbi \ \
���
LI
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J
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" ���v^aH
.
7
THE   B.   C.   TRADES UNIONIST. VANCOUVER. BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
'
.'I'-:;'
H. Heaps
& Co., Ltd.
i'
m
���
ii
;
m
r
t
L   ���
, ���
MmL%
11
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r
1
Lumber, Shingles,
Si.sh, Doors,
Mouldings, Etc, Etc
Cedar Cove Mills
Powell Street
TELEPHONE 441
HARDIE  INSPIRATION.
The Labor Leader, just to hand
from England, and with which J. Keir
Hardie is Identified, has taken Canadian Socialists to task. The Hardie-
Insplred criticism says, in part:
"The policy hitherto pursued by the
Socialist Party of Canada has been
that of insisting upon being regarded
as tbe only political expression of
working-class opinion. At Calgary, for
example, the Miners' Union, of which
Mr. Frank Sherman Is the president,
wanted to run him, but the local Socialists would have none of this, and
Insisted upon nominating him themselves. Tactics of this kind sre disruptive, and ln the ennd never fall
to defeat themselves. Even from the
point of view of building up a straight
Socialist movement they are a mistake. But with Socialism and Trades
Unionism united for political ends ss
they are in this country, good progress
In the way of capturing the political
machinery of Canada would speedily
be made."
All of which goes to prove that
hotel-corridor and pink-tea observations cannot be relied upon. Just aa
ear good   friend   and worker,   Keir
S?M>.
Hardie, was misled and misinformed
by interested old-party ward-heelers
within the ranks of organised labor,
at the Halifax congress convention, so
is the above excerpt another Must, a-
tlon ot the misrepresentation of some
sought-after busy-body.
That there Is no miners' union st
Calgary is merely Incidental. That
the unions of Calgary held no meeting to take part ln the election Is
neither here nor there. But that the
most sctlve members of organised
labor In Calgary are members of the
Socialist Party; thst the unions, ln
convention, have declared for the Socialist Party politically, all seems to
have been overlooked.
The truth of the matter Is Keir
Hardie has allowed himself to be
stuffed by old-party trade-unionists, Instead* of consulting members of the
Socialist Party of Canada who work
at it.
Take the nomination of "Bill"
Davidson In Kootenay, for Instance.
The Socialist Party issued the call
for a convention; the unions were
asked to send delegates. The nomination of Davidson was made unanimous, and the unions assisted the Socialist Party to fight the workers'
campaign.
The trades union organization Is
not, snd should not be used as a political weapon. It Is essentially a
trader's combination for collective
bargaining���within the limits of capitalism and the wage system.
The Socialist Party Is the political
expression of ALL wage-earners;
founded for the purpose of completely
changing the present form of property
ownership and abolishing the' wage
system.
Two separate and distinct organisations for two separate purposes.
However, politically, our Interests
ss workers are Identical (though not
so ss trsdes unionists) and the Socialist Party provides a common meeting
ground upon which all the workers
can gather and work for a common
purpose���the abolition of wage-slavery
and unemployment; the right of every
man, woman and child to live decently, and of each participant in wealth'
���t 11��.
���'.        ""!
investigate and bay y our clothes from the
store that handles union-made clothes.
We carry labels on all our goods.
Sole Agents tor
PEABODY'S RAILROAD KING OVERALLS  AND   SARGENT   GLOVES
Solmston, Kerfocrt
���
m
���
���
- w
��� ������"
-   ��
��� I
'...���'.
���
If
Ask   Your Grocer  for  Jersey
Cream   Yeast Cakes and take no
other.   They are the SSest Made.
Ebery Package Guaranteed.
��*
production to the full value oFhis contribution to society.
This policy Is delivering the goods
In British Columbia and Alberta.
There Is less bickering In these two
provinces between trades unionists
and Socialists than any place in the
world���if one Is to Judge by the International press��� and if It suits
those who are responsible for it, surely it ought to be acceptable to even
Keir Hardie.
R. P. PETTIPIECE.
RATHER HARSH, BUT���
%
I
!
IF A. F. of L. 8TAND8 PAT?
Organised labor, under Samual Gompers' wise political leadership, may
now prepare to wear new holes la Ita
knees begging for crumbs of legislation at Washington. Had Gompers had
the sense the gods even gave geeee
and thrown his votes to the Socialists
and given them a staggering increase,,
he would now have a club in-his band
that would save him from again descending to the beggar's whine In the
lobby of Congress the coming year, j
With two or three Socialist
.
If, ss happens to-day, according to
the A. F. of L., in the matter of injunctions, the power to decide what is'
crime rests with a small, the guilty
capitalist minority, and in the hands
of these are the prison keys, an obvious method to wrench- the keys from
the usurper's clutches, and expose the
fact that the existing prisons stand on
false foundations, is for that majority
whom the A. F. of L. claim to represent, to go to Jail���just as the A. F. of
L. decided.
Government rests and ever must
rest upon the consent of the governed. However far bourgeolsdom hss
strayed, ln fact, from this Its pristine
principle, it does not dare to openly
deny it. Even burgeoisdom could not
have the face to resist so ridiculous a
Bight as a majority of the people In
jail, and the minority out of Jail, and
claim they are the body social..
It is up to the A. F. of L. With Itself-lies the demonstration and the dls-
proval of its claims���either to Jail, or
submission.
If the A. F. of L. speaks truthfully, no Joshua's trumpet could cause
the walls of Jericho to crumble more
effectively than Its Denver declaration
will canae the prison walls to evaporate.���-Tho People.
i
men in office the capitalist crooks just
elected would have to face Socialist
measures in the interests of the tollers and have to go on record on them.
Their present sneers for organised
labor would have been replaced by
looks of affright. Such creatures win
only render service to labor when they
fear labor. Not otherwise. And they
don't fear Sammy now.���Social Democratic Herald.
���
���a
An eight-hour dsy for all civic employes Is being agitated for by the
is circulating a petition asking the city
^^! j !��������� ^'^^^^^^���^������^Pf ^^ ^_p*ar*aawa-^^a^aa>- va^artnaMBjaja   "awawar   ���*#��� ~-*___r
coundl to submit tbe e^eatSom te a
reiweawttia vote at the
pal elections.
ATKINS   &  JOHNSON
Proprietors
Good Sample Rooms
FREE 'BUS
Rates $2 and Upwards
���   I  ��-   -*ej     ^
���
RC
ii���
Cor.
V-ril
M Cambie
Streets
���
���������-��������������
���
*
!' SB
ii
When
Our Advertizer* Pant Forget to Mention the Trade* Unionist
���- i
J '
PPlSSfi
I
Mm
__
THE   B.   C   TRADES UNIONIST. VANCOUVER,  BRITISH  COLUMBIA
' C
:.
BEST HOU8EHOLO
ON THE PACIFIC COAST
Wellington Lamp, Comox Furnace.
Wellington Egg.
Macdonald Marpole Co, Ltd.
Sole Agents
Head Office,
East End Office
427 Seymour Street
1001 West'r Avenue
Tolepbonos:
Head Office, 210 and 900
East End Office, 200
$
i
The only other clause worthy of
note is Section 8, dealing with the
formation of boards. Investigating
boards are composed of three members, two recommended by the employer and employees, respectively, and the
third, the chair, on the recommendation of the two, or, failing a decision.
the appointment is made by the government
In an effort to secure men for the
latter position who will be acceptable,
the position is generally filled by men
taken from the walks of life that preclude the possibility of their having
the knowledge necessary to adjudicate
on technical matters naturally arising
in trade disputes. These gentlemen
are usually aware of their weakness in
this respect, and in an effort to be fair
to both aides they adopt a policy of
_
FAMILY BUTCHERS
& Retail Dealert
la stem tt all
SHIPPING IS 6tm SPECIALTY
�� -������������>*
> * <      --���-���
, t ., ' '���,
SrfCesdovaSt
VANCOUVER. B. C.
compromise, the result being that the
men are compelled to ask for considerably more than they expect to receive,
in order to allow for the known habits
of the chairman, who is, at the last
analysis, the sole judge, the others
each "standing pat" for their own
side.
If the men make demands which
would bring tbeir remuneration higher
than that paid to the same class of
labor ln surrounding territory they run
the risk of being held up to public
ridicule on account of their unfair attitude.
Disputes arising between lawyers
are settled by a judge, one of their
own profession, farmers' disputes by
farmers, in almost every, case the contestants Insisting on men familiar with
the technicalities of the business being appointed to render the decision.
Under this legislation, however, it is
almost impossible to secure the appointment of men familiar with the
matters under investigation and the
representative of the men has to teach
the chairman the points of the dispute
before any progress can be made. The
burden of proof appears to rest with
the men, despite their inability to se-
ble
cure statistics such, aa are .
to employers with a large corps of
officials and clerks, the employers'
statistics being accepted because of
the Inability of the men to dslprove
them. The illustrations quoted should
be sufficient to allow any wags-earner
the unfairness snd effect of (his legislation upon men engaged ln Industries
to which it has been made applicable
and the urgent necessity of having It
repealed or at least radically amended.
In an effort to show the necessity of
the legislation and to justify the expenditures necessary to Its enforcement the government has issued a
voluminous report showing the disputes investigated, and in nearly every
Instance the claim is made, "strike
thereby averted." In two cases that
have come under my personal observation, thla statement is incorrect, one
instance being the Canadian Pacific
Railway Carmen of Western lines who,
together with the company, agreed to
accept the decision before the board
was appointed, a strike being Impossible under these circumstances.
Neither can it be said that the strikes
on railways have decreased since the
enactment of the "Lemieux Act��" for
the greatest strike ever seen ln Canada occurred through the failure of
this legislation to cope with the situation.
Recognising the difficulty of securing the repeal of the act in Its entirety I would suggest several changes
ln the present law:
First, extend the scope and make It
aplicable to all Industries.
Second, make the acceptance of the
awards compulsory.
Third, provide means whereby board
members will be elected for a period
of four years, allowing them to be reelected for succeeding terms.
Fourth, allow adequate remuneration for witnesses, Instead of the allowance of $1 to $1.50 per day now allowed, the organizations being compelled to restrict the number of witnesses on account of the expense they
are saddled with.
With these changes the Act will be
regarded as legislation of real Importance, and If the workers do not elect
men worthy of the responsibility with
'which, they will be entrusted, then the
reflection will be placed where It rightfully belongs, on the electorate.
Th.<
Clarence
Hotel
Strictly  Union
HECTOR * SPEAR1N
*TO u  m
rfOOS.
Cor. Pender aad Scymow
VANCOUVER, B. C.
SCAB   BUTTERICK   PATTERNS.
For shout three years the Batter*
Ick Company haa held out ln Ita fight
against the establishment of the eight-
hour day In the job and book printing trade. Great numbers of working-
men of other trades have lent their
aid to the Typographical Union in Its
efforts for the improvement of conditions, snd have systematically refrained snd Induced their wives to refrain
from buying the patterns and magazines published by this anti union
house. In Its legal proceedings against
the union the company has admitted
that the boycott haa caused It enormous losses, that its business haa fallen oft* to the amount of hundreds of
thousands of dollars. The Butterlck
Company In thla fight actually represents all capitalist interests. The Typographical Union actually represents
the interests of the whole working-
class. Every person who buys any
Butterlck publication before that company accepts the eight-hour rule and
the other rules of the union Is helping the capitalists to resist the shortening of the workday in every trade.
Every person who helps to discourage the purchasing of Butterlck products helps to shorten the workday in
all trades and, by so doing, helps to
distribute employment to a larger
number of persons and to increase the
chances of raising wages.���The Call.
h   ���
���
���
i
Made-to-order, made-to-fit, made-
to-measure, made-to-satlsfy. Union
men ahould wear Union Made
Clothes. If they want the beat Oar
Clothes are right.    Our prices are
right.   Iaeave year measure with us.
1   * '������
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Olg  vaaaOta   SSUIUVV :\LVjtec��. ���
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Whan Patronizing Our
Pont Forget to Mentipn the Trades Unionist.
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THE   B.   C.  TRADES UNIONIST. VANCOUVIR, BRITISH COLUMBIA
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Mahon, McFarland &
Mahon, Ltd. Liability
MONEY TO LOAN
Real  Estate,  Insurance and
Financial  Agents
*-%
FIRE, LIFE ACCIDENT AND EMPLOYERS UABIL1TY INSURANCE
ESTATES MANAGED
OFFICE
Comer Pender and Seymour Sts.
THE BRITISH   LABOR   PARTY.
MY,
L
From the Socialist column ln the
Winnipeg Voice.
That something ot the nature of a
crisis Is Impending ln the ranks of the
British Labor party is evident hy a
perusal of recent Issues of the Socialist press ot differing types, including
the Party's own organ, the "Labour
Leader." And the subject la of more
than passing interest to Canadian Socialists, ln view of the recent visits
of Keir Hardie to Eastern Canada, and
hla efforts to plant a branch or extension of his party in the Dominion.
The Orayson incident tends to make
the situation more acute Inasmuch aa
Qrayson haa been widely endorsed by
the Independent Labor party, Kelr's
own* and his followers in the House
pet on the defensive in a position im-
���.-�� ���
F. McELROY, Proprietor
i
Nicely furnlshed rooms and
flrst-claas dining room In con-
Columbia
Oor.
Phone MS
*���**���   ^s'
���
possible to defend with honor seeing
'that they are all, at least by profession, "labor members."
That a party pledged to no definite
principles, nor Inspired by any fundamental conception of aoelety must
sooner or later find Itself on the rocks
of dissolution is a political axiom that
will Boon again prove Its truth in the
history of the British Labor party.
Keir Hardle's cry of "Close up the
Ranks" may cause the Shackeltons
and Hendersons of the Party to snuggle a bit closer together and repeat
their assurances that "they have no
desire to embarrass the government,"
but whatever there is of revolutionary sentiment In the Party and the
working class of Britain will endorse
the plain and pungent criticism of H.
M. Hyndman here reproduced, in part,
from "Justice" of October 31.
���S.
"Moreover, the House or Commons
itself Is even more reactionary In ita
influence as a whole than its members
themselves are when brigaded in their
respective factions. "The forms of the
House'* are not merely antiquated but
contemptible. They are deliberately
maintained to prevent democratic, to
say nothing of Socialist, Influence from
being brought to hear. The whole
thing If a travesty of popular representation. Kowtowing to the 8peaker,
bowing down to the Msce, flunkeylng
to Right Honorable members of that
unconstitutional and overpaid caucus,
the Cabinet, accepting the result of
any dirty Intrigue carried on by Ministers "behind the Speaker's Chair" as
too sacred for criticism, sneering at
any independent man from Plimsol
and Cowen, and Bigger and Parnell, to
Grayson as an office-hunter or place-
seeker who bss been unsuccessful In
his quest���these are the ways of the
capitalist House of Commons; which
exists in its present shape solely ln
order to sanction by sham democratic
vote the sweating and swindling, the
adulteration and brutality which are
the indispensable adjuncts of the capitalist system and capitalists.
The House of Commons of to-day
Is, above all, a capitalist Institution.
It Is snd must be, as at present constituted, the House of the Profit-mongers and Rent-Lords. It can be nothing
else. The so-called representatives of
the working-class, whether Lib-Labs,
or Laborlsts pure and simple, are nearly all of them there on sufferance; permitted to put M. P. after their names'
by arrangement with the capitalist
Liberals. Consequently the "tone of
the House," of which we hear so much,
is Inevitably the tone of the well-to-do
class, which has done itself the honor
to be born ln order to "organize" the
working class and batten upon its unpaid labor. ^
The Labor party as a party accepts
all this organized chicane as quite
natural and proper, grovels before the
fetish of Parliamentary representation, and actually declares, by the
mouth of Mr. Shackleton, that "it has
no wish to embarrass the government."
All the while hundreds of thousands
of their own class with their families
are perishing with hunger by no fault
of their own, and the government
which these men have no wish to embarrass is flouting their misery and
chuckling at the reduction of wages
it will bring about.
Parliamentarism as at present carried on is a miserable fraud. Those
who bow down to its rules and accept its decisions are, whether they
mean to be so or not, traitors to the
cause of the workers. The Irish party,
when It really "meant business" In
the  eighties, showed  what ought  to
���
PHONE 126b\
tmmm.
Fancy Groceries and Provisions.
& T. WALLACE
FURNITURE
Carpets,  Linoleums,   Curtains,
Blinds, Stoves, Go-carts.   Baby
Buggies, .etc. 10 per cent off
for cash on Furniture.
700-708 Westminster   Avenue,
Harris Street.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
be done and could be done. If all the
Labor members were suspended one
after the othor, and then, having car*
tied on a tremendous organisel agits- .
tion throughout Great Britain, were
to come back ln a boly to the House
of Commons, backed by the people
and were to demand their right of entrance, they would be doing something
to esrn respect and admiration. It
would show that they had some com-
monsense and a little of the pluck I
Grayson has shown. As it is, they
Bonstitute a mere tail to the Liberal
party���a tail which assuredly does
not wag the dog.���H. M. Hyndman.
The Dock, Wharf, Riverside and
General Workers' union have forward*
ed a letter of protest to the secretary, -
chairman and executive committee of
the Labor party of Great Britain
against the following Labor members
of parliament: Messrs. Will Crooks,
Philip Snowden, T. R. Richards, Chan,
Duncan, D. J. Shackelton and Arthur
Henderson.
Who makes shoddy clothing? Who
builds windowless tenements? Who
murders by starvation and preventable
disease? Who adulterates our food?
Who causes sickness and race deterioration? Who sends our brothers to
prison and our sisters to the brothel?
Who pays us starvation wages? Who
wastes money, and time, and energy?
Who Is responsible for our misery and
poverty? Looming large In two words
the answer would come, 'The defenders of capitalism."
Armstrong **�� Morrison
Contractors for the New False Creek Bridges at Granville Street and
Westminster Avenue, now in course of construction for the Corporation
of the City of Vancouver.
��l
These bridges will be supported on the first piers
sunk by the Pneumatic Process in this Province.
We Specialise in work
of  this   class   and
magnitude.
HEAD OFT ICE:
151 Alexa
* i   '��� IT' - Jv<
Warehouse and Wharf:
151 Alexander St. 1145 Westminster Ave.
3
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When Patronizing Our AdverHzeri Dont Forpet to Mention tl
III, H  I    l'  I     la.a���
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THI   B.   C.   TRADES UNIONIST, VANCOUVER,  BRITISH COLUMBIA.
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* ��0. Stu.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Dealers in Hardware
Agricultural Machinery
Saw Mill Machinery
Bain Wagons etc.
MERELY MERCHANDISE.
Labor-Power Bought snd Sold  in the
Market ss s Commodity, Just ths
Same   ss  Any  Other  Article
of Trsffic.
I wonder, when applying for a job,
whether any of my comrades have
ever been given food for thought when
the boss says, "I will pay you what
you are worth." The average wage-
plug thinks that sounds all right, but
to aome of us who know the way ln
which capitalists' profits are made, It
makes us smile grimly. We know that
labor-power la a commodity bought
and sold on the industrial market of
the world, just aa eggs, or boots, or
coal. Goods are sold on the average
at the coat of production, and If that
I
���
office: Orpheum Theatre
PHONE 967
WILLIAM E.
ELY
General Preu RepcesenaUtive and
Advertuing Agent
*-V
ORPHEUM
GRAND
CAMERAPHONE
Mercantile Houses Also Handled
la so, we know our labor-power will
be paid for at the same rate, but when
we realize that the wages, that Is, the
price of the labor power, Is quite different to the actual worth of It to the
capitalist, we are apt to say things.
The' working class to-day get back
on the average, in the form of wages,
enough to buy the necessaries that will
keep them fit to produce more wealth
for their masters. In the cost of production is included also enough to
enable some wage-slaves to marry and
rear up a fresh batch to be exploited.
Well, if goods are sold on the average at the cost of production, that is,
at their real value, where does the
profit come in?
Here I want to say the law of supply
and demand fix market prices, causing
a rise and fall ln money values, but
sverage for average It works oat to
goodB being sold at the coat of production.
Now, Into the production of a com-.
modity goes:
(1) Raw materials;
(2) Wear and tear o; plaut. Including, of course, all the attendant expenses of running the same';
(3) Labor-power.
No profit can be made out of raw
material; full value has-to be paid
for It, and ao Into the commodity goes
the .cost of raw material. Wear and
tear of plant produces no fresh value,
only Its own value Is. added to the
commodity. By that, I mean to say
just that amount Is added to each
commodity that will pay for the Introduction of new plant when the old is
worn out. Now we come to 'labor-power which the wage-slave is forced to
peddle for a living (such as It is). The
capitalist buys this peculiar property*
and having paid for it at its real value
(its costs of production) uses it as long
as he possibly can. He finds that
after working two hours, say, the
labor-power he has bought produces Its
own value, but he, by virtue of "his
ownership for the time being, keeps It
working for another eight, we will say.
Now we arrive at the point.
To the commodity being produced
has been added cost of raw materials,
cost of wear and tear of plant, and
now Is added the cost of the labor-
power embodied therein. If this particular commodity has taken twp hours
to produce, and also, aa we have supposed, two hours Is the necessary time
to produce the workera wages, this
article will now be sold at its real
value. Our worker, however, having
earned his wages, does not stop, but
continues applying his labor-power for
another eight hours, for which he receives no pay whatever. In that time '
four other commodities hevoheen produced; these commodities^ like the
first one, are aold at their real values,
that ia their cost of production; hat
the' capitalist na*&>t paid the worth
of tha UbOT-powe\*to him. although he
Competition among the capitalist
clasa demands ever cheaper production
which sweeps the small capitalist and
petty trader Into the ranks of the wage
earner, thus causing greater competition among the sellers of labor power.
Now appears the trust which eliminates competition and starts to apparently undersell any rivals, and the
point is put forth that the trust cau
rule the market and put prices up If it
wishes. If this Is so, where does our
law of "All commodities are sold .on
the average at the cost of production,"
stand?
It stands good, for the market controls the trust and not the trust the
market, for If the trust puts its prices
high above the cost of production for
any length of time, It will force buyers
of that, particular commodity to use
less, the sales will decrease, and consequently profits will fall. On the
other hand they may undersell a competitor for a time, forcing him to sell
out or quit business, but immediately
this happens, prices will rise to the
average cost of production.
In this system ot barter which goes
on today, money being the medium of -
exchange, the worker exchanges his
labor power for the necessary commodities to keep him alive. The tendency of modern capital is then to decrease the necessary labor time In the
production of commodities, so that
more of the working day can be set
aside in which to produce profit, and
that is unpaid labor.
All commodities exchange with each
other on the average at the cost of
production, and the thing common to
them all by which all of them are
measured, or by which their value is
determined, is labor power. Without
labor power being applied, no wealth
Is possible. Commodities are of value
then just to the amount of the necessary labor power embodied in them.
Capitalists may exchange goods and
make a profitable bargain thereby, but
the trick of besting one another has
nothldg to do with the worker who,
whatever else happens, gets back on
the average but wages to the amount
that will maintain and perpetuate his
labor power, from the surplus product
of which all profits are made.
Comrades, our sole aim is then to
abolish the wage system, and for a
worker not merely to get "what he
Is worth" as merchandise, but to get
all he produces. Hence we are working always for the Social Revolution.
��.
jW
'BARTI.'
^      SOCIAL "BIRTH  PANGS."
has paid for tha production of It. He ia
therefore, enabled to make ptoflts not
by selling commodities above their
value but at their real value; - - -
.less a marked Improvement
comes, the second winter will bring
the pinch," says an old country writer,
"aad^the question of finding ways and
means of meeting the ease bide fair to
he aa pressing with us as it has been
in Germany and England. The diffl-
_/ cult* Is old and world-wide; Its inten-
3ftaty la all that marks off the present
crisis from those of ths past."
Whan Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Forget to Mention ttie Trades
A UNION SHOW    !
UNION PEOPLE   I
AT THB
POPULAR PRICES
>
"LE8T  WE  FORGET."
'
m
.!
Last week's Winnipeg Voice comes
out strongly in favor ot aome M.P.
making a determined fight against the
iniquitous law. taxing Labor and Socialist candidates 9200 for the privilege of placing candidates in the field
for Dominion elections. Let's see, don't
we remember reading an open letter
in the Voice about six years ago, written by G. W. Wrigley, urging Mr. Puttee, then a Labor M.P., to put up a
fight on this very issue. And didn't
Brother Puttee scornfully reject the
suggestion. Though rather late in the
day, the Voice's present stand Is correct. But what M.P. will take up what
Mr. Puttee rejected? Echo answers
who?���Toronto Lance.
Use Royal
Standard
AND
Wild Rose
Bread and Pastry Flour
The Best
That Money Can Buy
& & ���
Made in
it
���
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THI  ������  C.  THAMS UNIONIST. VAN00UV1H. slfHTIlH OOLUMIIA.
Cut Your Coal Bill in
1-2
The
Stove
m+xzu, v ^
Without a
Peer
-4
Guar-
���
'A                   r\
anteed
*] We sre in a position to show
you how you may reduce your
COAL bill and add to your comfort. If this statement interests
you, give us a call and an opportunity to 8HOW YOU.
Forbes & Van Home
Limited
HARDWARE
'Phone 1701   52 Hastings St. W.
Union Bank of
Canada
General Banking- Business
Transacted
SAVINGS BmANK--In-
terest paid on, deposits
t   far times a year
H*�� .v
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br..        <���*��� bibbnot,,-* ��j*a ��a
established a
of this Bank baa haaa
it Prince Ri
PROFIT AND LAW.
' There is more reverence for profit
than there Is for law, and for that
reason the Immigration laws are almost a dead letter upon the statute
books. During every year many of
the leading journals of the country fill
their columns with lengthy articles
concerning the damnable "white slave
traffic," but regardless of denunciation
hurled through the columns of the
press, the trade in human flesh goes
on and the dealers in virtue laugh at
the puerile efforts of federal officials
to mitigate the evil.
The men and combinations that
knowingly and with malice aforethought violate law, belong to the
"higher up" strata of society, and
obedience to law recelvea but little
consideration when profits are at
stake. The "higher up" element of
society has a "pull" that make Judicial
and executive departments of government move so slowly in the detection
and conviction of crime, that our government officials have become a laughing sotck, and many have become so
bold as to intimate that our public officials are beneficiaries of the spoils
that come from the flagrant violation
of law.
The question of immigration has
agitated the masses of the people for
more than a quarter of a century, and
the question today is no nearer a settlement than when the question was
first raised in this country.���Miners'
Magazine.
INTERNATIONAL TYPOGRAPHICAL  UNION.
Indianapolis, Ind., Nov. 25, 1908.
Editor Trades Unionist:
-Enclosed herewith And pamphlet
containing list of magazines and periodicals of general circulation, published under union and-non-union conditions, for the guidance of friends
and supporters of. "fair wages, fair
hours and fair conditions," issued by
the International Typographical Union. .
We will be pleased, to send a copy
of this pamphlet to any trade unionist
or citizen who Is a supporter of "fair
wages, fair hours and fair conditions."
The pamphlet contains a Hat of union
and non-union publications, and it ia
tor the supporter of "fair wages, fair
hours and fair conditions" to make hie
choice from the classification in such
manner as in his judgment will best
represent his principles.
I will appreciate apace in your publication tor thla communication.   Those
desiring a copy of the pamphlet ln
question will please   address   meat
635439 Newton Claypool building, Indianapolis, lad.
With assurances   of gratitude   for
esies extended, I am.
Fraternally yours,
JAMES M. LYNCH.
L
PORRIDGE AND WORK.
The Census and Statistics monthly
tor October estimates the total yield
of wheat this year in Canada at 115,-
651,000 bushels, and Of oats, 267,651.-
000 bushels. This would he approximately 15 bushela of wheat and 38
bushels of oats for each man, woman
and child in the Dominion. The bread
and porridge possibilities ln thla stupendous crop are ample to supply the
needs of the entire population of Canada for at least three years, hut thousands, aye, hundreds of thousands,
will experience the utmost difficulty
ln warding off starvation, while a veritable multitude will succeed ln doing
so only by accepting that thieves'
Insult known aa charity. An elegant
hunch of commercial and financial
swashbucklers and sneak thieves will
make a aplendid profit out of the
year's crop, though, thanks to the colossal Ignorance of that hunch of bipeds known as the working class. But
come to think of It, things sre not
produced to minister to human comfort, but to bring profit to the coffers
of swashbucklers and sneak thieves.
And the bipeds aforementioned nobly
perform their allotted function In this
delightful scheme. All they want 1b
work. Too much bread and porridge
might make them so fat they couldn't
work and then how miserable they
would be. Far better to retain the
soul satisfying privilege of working
than run the risk of fatty accumulation by eating too frequently and
heartily.
WARNING TO COAL MINERS.
Miners are warned against going to
Merritt, B. C, as the Nicola Coal and
Coke Co. are posted as unfair to the
U. M. W. of A. A ..opy of their rules
is printed in another column.
The folowing mines are also unfair,
and miners are warned to keep away:
City Mines Edmonton, Alta.
Bush Mines  Edmonton, Alta.
Rosedale Mines Edmonton, Alta.
Strathcona Mines Edmonton, Alta.
Dawson Mines Edmonton, Alta.
Frank Mines  Edmonton, Alta.
Alberta Coal Co Morlnvllle, Alta.
A dispute is also pending at the
Galbraith Coal Mine, Lundbreck, Alta.
Manitoba and Saskatchewan Coal
Mine,  Beinfait,  Sask.
The American Hallway Association
officially approves of the substitution
of the telephone for the telegraph for
the blocking and dispatching of trains.
It ia known by all railway men that
the telephone- la much less reliable,
hut this fact la completely outweighed
in tha minds of tha railway owners hy
the fact that tho telephone la cheaper
and can he operated by low-paid, unorganized aad comparatively unskilled
(Iris, Instead of requiring trained men
who must be paid higher wages and
Who have a way of organizing for their
own protection against tho companies'
When Patronizing Our Advertizers
tlons.���The Call.
Dealers in let Cream
and all Dairy Produce
���   a
am Trt Mr OsHdess lea
*| Brick*   lir  fit   tatat| M
CORNER PENDER
ANPRURRARD
'PHONE 1306
&
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m
A local paper sees great possibilities In Mexico as a market for Canadian wheat, with Vancouver aa tha
a
logical outlet for the traffic, of course.
Not a few Canadian workingmen and
their families would this winter be
pleased to furnish a market tor much
of thla wheat If means could be de*
vised to turn the traffic down the inlet to their stomachs.
THE BEST
Teas, Coffees
and Spices in
the City
Are pub up by
Wm. BRAID
<& Co.
VANCOUVER. B. C
Mention tha-Iwa* Unionist '
WW.
thi * c. TRAritaimfm^Mmmmrn* <^at*A.
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% Some   Reasons   Why Trades Council Secretaries Should  Be  Its Correspondents
Thoa 8. Harold, a member of the
Typographical Union, Lethbridge, Alberta, conducts the labor department
of the Dally Herald and Is also the
Labor Gazette correspondent for southern Alberta.
Mr. Harold has vociferously applauded the efforts of organized labor
In Canada, against the bonused immigration policy of the federal government.
He has also taken the Salvation
Army to task for the part it has played
ln  the brutal  traffic  in human  lives.
But Mr. Harold resents very much
the statement that the Labor Gazette
is. primarily, published in the interests of the government���or the employing class.
The present name, "Labor Department," is a misnomer. It should at
least read "Department of Labor and
COMMERCE."
The correspondents and writers of
the Gazette are all asked to give information as to the labor market.
The term "market" is only applicable to things bought and sold. Grain
exchanges and agricultural departments keep the Wall Street manipulators posted as to the visible* supply of
that commodity. The meteorological
department keeps sailors and those interested informed as to how best to
protect their property interests. The
public works department takes over
and assumes all the socially owned
things there is no money in operating,
such as canals, bridges, roads, etc.
And so on, with schools, postoffice,
judiciary, prisons, military, etc.
Like all shrewd business men, the
employers must keep informed as to
the condition of the labor market, so
that they can better keep their finger
on the pulse of labor and take advantage of the "visible supply."
On this score there can be no con
sistent objection by the wage-earners
of Canada.
By their votes they hsve affirmed
their desire to be dealt with as commodities.
But here is where the rub comes in:
The federal government's'policy Is to
bonus and "pump ln" cheap labor. In
its work it has the assistance of the
Salvation Army and the British Columbia government.
A pamphlet, Issued by the Dominion
government, entitled "Canada," Is being circulated by millions In the old
country, UNDER NO GIVEN DATE,
showing the cost of living ln Canada.
And here Is an extract from the pamphlet mailed to the writer by W. R.
Trotter: "The returns were obtained
from the retail shorekeepers, as well
as independently by. the regular correspondents of the LABOR GAZETTE.
in the chief cities of the Dominion,
and they show the actual prices averaged during the past year for tbe
classes of the articles named most in
demand. The information thus furnished may be accepted as thoroughly
representative of the present cost of
living in Canada."
Then follows quotations of the cost
of living; all very alluring���to the unemployed, who are too useless to do
anything for themselves or their class,
in England���but a horrible delusion to
wage-earners on the job ln person.
The quotations given tor Britisn
Columbia, for instance, in the esse of
house rent, reads as follows:
Houses���Per  Month.
Tenement houses in cities (4
rooms), from $6.00 to $8.00.
Tenement houses in cities (6
rooms), $12.00.
Semi-detached hous/es in cities (4
rooms), from $7.00 to $8,00.
Semi-detached houses in cities (6
rooms), from $9.00 to $12.00.
-1 -
I
Say Mother!
look  at them there Terminus
Cigars. I aiders buy
er minus"
*-.	
tyars
Made by A. Schnoter & Sons, at
52 Water St, and keep my money in Vancouver; and they are
Union made by Vancouver Union
Cigarmakers.
���
 ��� .-�����,....
(4
16
Tenement   houses   In   suburbs
rooms), from $5.00 to $6.00.
Tenement  hoaaes   in   suburbs
rooms); from $7.00 to $9.00.
Semi-detached hoaaes In suburbs (4
rooms), from $7.00 to $10.00.
Semi-detached houses in suburbs (6
rooms), from $9.00 to $12.00.
Cost of fall board and lodging for
workingmen in the larger towns, per
week, from $4.00 to $5.00.
A foot note reads: "All dwellings
fitted with sanitary conveniences;
houses without sanitary conveniences
rather lower ln rent.1"
Any wage-earner conversant with
the facts knows fall well that the
above Is simply s barefaced falsehood,
calculated to deceive and misrepresent deluded Job-seekers. There Isn't
a decent houae ln Vancouver, lit to live
in, less than $15 a month, or $18 to
$30, with any kind of modern conveniences.
The prices quoted on board, clothing and foodstuffs sre equally misleading and untrue���st this time, whatever might have been the case say five
years ago.
In the face of such evidence, and
"statistics" gathered by $100-a-year
political favorites, can Mr. Harold conscientiously defend his position?
The correspondents of the Labor
Gazette, for the most part, are not
men In close touch with the labor
movement, but rather political favorites.
The Trades Congress snd the trades
councils of all Canada have been asking, for over two years, that the secretary of central bodies be made Gazette correspondent, the job to automatically fall upon the successor.
But this hss not been conceded to
labor by the government���as yet.
The publication of the Labor Gazette Is good In principle and should
be continued. But It must be msde
of more reel statistical value.
And to have any value at all, the
information, so far as labor is concerned, must be furnished by men who
know the labor movement, and are
non-partisan and unbiased enough to
give the facts.
The "commerce" end of the Gazette
can he safely left ln its present hands;
the employers are looking after their
interests sll right.
W. F. OF M. DEMANDS
HEAVY DAMAGES.
President Moyer and His Organization
Will Make Colorado Capitalist
Hirelings Dig Up.
Edmund F. Richardson, attorney for
Charles H. Moyer, president of the
Western Federation of Miners, haa
gone to Washington to begin arguments before the United Ststes Supreme Court In a case in which Moyer
seeks to recover $100,000 from James
H    If^lifWIr   few-mut**' *
Bulkeley Wells for his imprisonment
������i.
ifr2.?Ua��&
M&uiagp
'Barristers and
Solicitors.. .
337
St W.
VANCOUVER. B. C
Telephone 1268
>:*m
II
at Telluiide during the Cripple Creek
atrike. .    *
The suit waa filed, ln the* Federal
Court, based upon the suspension of
the writ of habeous corpus by Pea-
body and other facta held to he contrary to the Federal Constitution.
Moyer lost in the Federal Court.
When the at ate legislature . convenes, another attempt will be made
by the Western Federation of Minora
to collect damage from the state for
losses claimed to have been sustained
in Cripple Creek during the Peabody
war. There are now on file ln tho
office of the state auditor claims of
the Western Federation aggregating
$540,000, but they have been kept in
cold storage for three years. The
claims are for property and personal
damages, but It Is understood that only
property damages will be asked for.
These aggregate $100,000.
President Moyer said:
"We have practically decided to
make a second request to the next
legislature, but we will not know
definitely tor several days. It la likely
we will ssk only tor damages resulting from loss of property." "
	
������������������.M������M���MM-.���������M
"The fate of the world depends on
n.toto"
'
muskets.
A.C. BrydonJack   EdwinB.
PHONIES:
Office,    -    -
Residence, - ���*    ���
Residence,    -   1621
i
Barristers & Solicitors
i��ffiB
Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Forget to Mention the Trade* Unionist '���'������ "��� W*
.
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THaTf,   C  Tf|#|^^!W��?WWr��ANCiPMyi��l. BRITISH  COLUMBIA
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pagan
	
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;
tSY How?
Housekeeping is
really a pleasure
when you cook
with Gss���ft costs
no more than coal
or wood, because it
cooks in one-quarter the time.
Use a Gas Stove
Office and Show Room next door to Vancouver   Opera   House, Granville  Street
It Is Always a Pleasure to
Turn on a tap,
apply a match and
there you are���a
hot, clean, smokeless, rapid-cooking
fire in s few seconds.
Show Our Gas
TWO-CENT PHILANTHROPY.
Whatever may be said that is bad
of modern civilization it must at least
be acknowledged that It affords ample
scope for a vigorous development of
the altruistic spirit in the breasts of
those who are afflicted with a heart-
hanger for the alleviation of the
human distress, snd a soul-yearning
for the application of philanthropic
salve to the raw spots engendered by
the yoke of class rule and economic
bondage. What a glorious vista of
possibility is opened to the eager gaze
of those whose souls thirst for a
chance to prove the troth of the adage,
"It la more blessed to give than to receive.
���
Brown Bros. & Co.. Ltd.
Pot Plants,
Palms,   Flower Pots. Flower
.   Seeds, Lawn Grsss Seed,
Vegetable
aPaaiBBssBBaaaBifl   a% ssasBsl aBBBBBB   aa
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Were It not tor the awful volume of
poverty and misery ground out by capitalist civilization, the charity-monger
would, Indeed, find a restricted field
In which to develop the highly commendable bourgeois virtue of "sweet
chsrlty." Were it not for the poor
what soul, hungering for fame as a
charity dispenser, could attain Its desire st the expense of a dollar and six
bits worth of stale provisions snd an
armful of cast-off rags? What altruistic longing could be satisfied, what
heart-hunger for doing good could be
appeased?
In ihe larger centers of population
thousands of the children of the poor
not only go to school hungry, hut the
parents of many are ao poverty-stricken thst they sre unable to provide the
youngsters with a lunch for the noon
hour. Every one at all acquainted
with conditions ss they exist In modern cities of any size, knows this to
he true. Few there are, however, who
realise the splendid opportunity thus
afforded for the cultivation of philanthropy and the altruistic spirit Those
who are wise enough to discover the
value of the opportunity and take advantage Of It, can succeed in lending
generously to tha Lard without expend Ing aa undue quantity of esrthly
elation." Whose health it la designed
to protect deponent sayeth not, but
presumably It 1b that of the cacklers
that constitute Its membership. But
however thst msy be the "Association"
has somehow discovered that large
numbers of school children In the city
have little or nothing to eat, either
morning, noon or night, owing to the
poverty of tuelr parents. Immediately
the association becomes not only a
healtfi protective organization but one
tor the promotion of altruism as well.,
The chief cackler devises a plan
whereby these hungry tots are to be
furnished with a noonday meal at a
cost of two cents. Let It be understood that the two cents is not to
cover the cost of thus feeding the
entire bunch, but that magnificent sum
Is to be expended upon each Individual
child. The menu is to consist of soup,
s roll snd butter.
No reliable information is at hand
relative to the fattening power contained ln a fbowl of New York soup,
therefore we are not prepared to pass
Judgment upon its merits as compared
to the article of similar cognomen obtained ln a Vancouver gastronomical
joss-house. If the New York article,
however, be equal in quality and quantity to the Vancouver product, there is
grave danger that the children will
soon become so pot-bellied as to be as
badly handicapped ln the pursuit of
knowledge as a fat policeman in pursuit of a thief.
And then on top of the soup foundation a superstructure of "one roll with
butter." That is the limit beyond
which philanthropy cannot go without
incurring the danger of converting the
charity recipient into a gouty dotard
and the charity giver into a skinny
counterfeit of a "lean and hungry
look." The butter should be cut out,
as a matter both of economy and
safety. A gallon of New Orleans molasses can be obtained for the cost of
a pound of rancid butter. It would
more satisfactorily lubricate a greater
number  of  rolls,   thus   effecting  an
'Phone 255
IROYAL
-
(Eiimpatig
Distilled Water
Ice
���3 Corner Hastings and   Burrard Streets
' a nc ouver
. B.C.
economy without detracting from the
pleasure of the banquet. Such molasses as, perchance, stuck to the
youthful digits could be licked off
later on, thus furnishing a sort of mid-
afternoon lunch without extra coat
The first thing a charity humbug
thinks of is soup. No further evidence
is needed to show that charity and soup
are synonymous terms. It is no mean
achievement to be able to add to the
time-honored charity meal, a dessert
consisting of a roll and butter, without
unduly Increasing the expense. The
"Women's Health Protective Association" deserves great credit for solving
the problem of how to make hungry
children pot-bellied at a minimum cost.
The Association should emblazon upon
its shield an altruistic looking hen
rampant, cackling to the world two-
cent philanthropy.
NOTICE.
Notice to al organized labor, and
friends of organized labor: Keep
away from McClure Mines at Tasker,
N. Dakota, as they have locked out
their men for joining the United Mine
Workers of America. The men had
to be moved away from there as the
company got an Injunction against
them.
JOHN  R. GALVIN,
Vlce-Pres. Dis. 18, U. M. W. of A.
*�� i ��. ,k .-...��.-**."��. -.*��� ���
In the City of New York there If a
lmma^of ancient pullets knewn
Health Protective
TO HOUSEKEEPERS
I] If you would like to spend less time in your kitchen
and woodshed, and have much more time for outdoor
life, recreation and pleasure, look into the question of
doing your cooking with a Gas Range.
Telephone your address to our office snd we will send a man
to measure your premises snd give yon an estimate of cost of
iiistalling the gae pipes, ,
m
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Wben Patronizing pur AtjyerUzers Do
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THI  B.  C.  TRADES UNIONIST, VANCOUVIR, BRITISH COLUMBIA- \
���  , ���
-
,      ,  '     -
The Trades Unionist
Issued by the Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council.
Published first week ln every month.
Subscription Price, $1.00 per annum;
35 cents to unions subscribing in a
body.
Mailing list, news and correspondence columns ln charge of Vancouver
Tradea and Labor Council, to whom all
correspondence should 4>e addressed,
Labor Hall.   Telephone 1380.
Advertising patronage the property
of 8. J. Gothard. Advertising rates
will be supplied upon application. P.
O. Drawer 1239.   Telephone 2258.
Contributions are solicited from
correspondenth. elected by their respective unions, to whom they must be
held responsible for contents.
VANCOUVER, B. C, JANUARY, 1909.
The. free text books in British Columbia are all right as far as they go���
bat they don't go far enough.
A "fair wage" Is the market price of
labor power, determined by the number of men seeking a job.
No man Is justified in meekly allowing himself to be starved to death.
Tbe death of a rebel Is at least manly,
and an honor to his class.
Whatever became of the libel suit
initiated by Frank 11. Sherman, president District 18. U. al. W. of A^
against Ralph Smith, M. P. for Nanalmo? �� a '
Charity will not solve the problem
of the unemployed. Not until production is carried on for use instead
of-profit csn the workers have access
to that which means life���a job.
From a careful reading of a recent
magazine article on "How Socialism
failed in China" we reach the con*
elusion that it failed chiefly becauae
It waa never Introduced there.
tion of preaent society is impossible,
and because the spread of the recognition of this fact and the possibility of
hastening social evolution will be
recognized by the working class.
Tbe solution of the white plague lies
ln abol8hing the factory and industrial
system thst gives it birth. The blsck
plague of capitalism must first go.
Cause removed, there will be no effect.
Generally tbe "self-made" man who
prates the loudest about his early-day
hardships, obstacles, etc.. is the first
to rush to a lawyer to get a will fixed
up bequeathing to his children security against the "incentive" to becoming
self-made. Class Instincts are not
susceptible to a logic that puts their
interests in jeopardy.
Press dispatches announce the sailing of 200 more Chinese for Vancouver. Whether they are to be bonused
by a six-months' free public school
term in this city, or are ��to pay the
$500 head tax, is not stated. To the
thousands out of employment ln Western Canada this addition to the labor
market will further emphasize what
they voted for last October.
If the Employers' Association acquires Its Information as to the purpose and function of trades unionism
from the "Identity of interest' 'twaddle
expounded at meetings of tbe Civic
Federation by Sam. Gompers snd his
like, then it Is not much wonder there
are so many traitorous "labor" politicians safely landed In the payroll of
the enemy.
There are at least 5,000 qualified
though unregistered wage-earners disfranchised for the coming municipal
campaign. Among these will he found
the loudest advocates of an eight-hour
day for civic employees, directly or
Indirectly employed. Any wage-earner paying $60 per year rent Is entitled
to registration���after the preaent election is over.   Wise wage-earner!
A loftier conception of the labor
movement than a program which
makes no provision for all wage-earners must be adopted by organised
labor. If there are not enough jobs
to go round, let's divide np���the hours
of labor. If thla cannot he accomplished under the present form of
property ownership, let's change the
ownership.
A strong militant enemy always receives more consideration and respect
than a weak, vacillating friend. Thla
is also true of political parties and accounts tar the legislation already secured by tha Socialist party in this
I******* 'ii^yJiimm:***X.m**m   Thla ia remarkable proof
��� ��� ���
The fear of Socialism has already
abolished the fear of old age in Germany.  It will do tha same In England
There la not much chance of Ralph
Smith taking a chance on reopening
Nanalmo constituency, cabinet or no
cabinet The last campaign was too
close a shave. Smith's record of votes
in Nanalmo Is something like an Inverted pyramid, over 800 first time,
over 600 the second time, less than 400
the third time, (?) next time.
Secretary Draper of the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada, states that
the response of unions to the call for
assistance to defray the expense of
keeping a representative���W. R. Trotter���In the old country, Is not as substantial as last year. The necessity
for funds to follow up the work, well
begun, with beneficial results, should
be self-evident to every unionist.
Western unions, which are specially
affected by the- huge Importation of
job seekers, should dig up without delay. Better dig to live now, than later
live to dig.
All eyes in the labor world are
turned toward the anthracite mining
region, as It is believed that the next
great struggle between labor and capital will occur in Pennsylvania. There
is no sign of a probable amicable adjustment of the demands made by the
miners, who want increased wages, the
8-hour day, recognition of the union,
and also that tbe union dues of members be deducted from the pay envelopes of employes by the companies.
The anthracite barons declare that
they will not yield a single concession, and ao It looks as though there
will be snother general suspension of
anthracite mining next spring.
It Is not enough that the editor of
the District Ledger, Fernie, impress
his readers of his own wisdom and
tact. He must convince others than
himself snd allow them to partake of
his wondrous knowledge. The Western Clarion contains more of value to a
wage-earner In one Issue than Editor
Stanley hss given evidence of in his
whole life. But, of course, when it
comes to "socialism, and how it Is being abused by Its comrades," Mr. Stanley must be accepted as probably the
greatest authority this far west���excepting, probably, his own authority.
Root. Blatchford. Verily, a little
knowledge la a dangerous thing.
r\>:
The completed roll of the labor organizations of Germany, which has
just been made public, reveals the fact
that the German Metal Workera' Association Is the larger labor union ln
the world. The total membership of
thla body, aa indicated hy the returns,
la 385,075, of whom 14,972 are women.
Thla represents a membership of some
6,000  mora  than  tho  United   Mine
FULL COURT ON UNIONS' STATU
Union   Men   Csn   Legally   Refuse
Work With Non-union Man la
British Columbia.
For a time at least, in British Columbia, union members can limit admission to their organizations to whom!
they like, and refuse to work with nonunion men���when they have the power
to do so. This was, ln brief, the ruling
of the Full Court laat week* Chief Justice Hunter delivering judgment la tha
case of Graham vs. Knott.. The latter
Is the secretary of the Stonecutters'
Union of Victoria.
In effect the decision relieves any.
trades union of liability to an applicant
who refuses to submit to the teat for
admission Into the uhlon, and fails to
secure employment aa a result of his
refusal to comply with the union's conditions. The unions may even force
him out of employment by threatening
to strike, as it did In this case, and
yet commit no actionable wrong.
The union's successful appeal waa
from the recent decision ot Judge
Lampman, who held that the union
had committed an actionable wrong**-*
when It served notice Upon Graham's
employer threatening a strike if ha
were not dismissed. But the Full
Court holds that a union may go this
far.
"It cannot be disputed," saya tho
chief justice, "that a body of workmen
may, for the protection of their lawful
trade, and the promotion of their Interests, associate themselves together
and prescribe conditions for the admission or rejection of others to their association. If any condition appears to
work a hardship by resulting in the rejection of any applicant, there ia no
remedy by which the body can be
forced to associate themselves with
the applicant. Indeed it would be futile to attempt such a thing aa that
would be in conflict with the undoubted right of all persons to choose their
own associations."
With this Justice Morrison and Mr.
Justice Clement agree, the former adding:
"I see no evidence ln this case ofJMi
unlawful or malicious combination*
Trade unions can lawfully strike Work
within certain defined limits, and they
can refuse, like any individual, to deal
with others they do not care to have
dealings with, always provided that
they do not break any contracts with
them."
The decision goes much farther In
the support of the principles of trades
unions than any previously given,by
the Fall Court, i
It is unlikely that Graham, the Eng-
Hsh stonecutter, who refused to submit to the Victoria onion's unfamiliar
���
that   votee   for   Socialism   sre   not
"thrown   away*    Germsn   Socialists    Workers of America, tho second body    teat' W,U carry the caae to a higher
. Of rather working class
political and Industrial rule, for tho    never yet acquired political power, but   In existence.  Tha Metal Workera' As-    court-
soclation Is one ot tha closest knit or-
word Socialism ahould not properly be have slresdy schleved a mighty and ��~v.��w���� ~ *��~ ��- **.�� w����� ����������. ��.-
applied to S future aoelety, wl)] come beneficial measure.   The same lesson ganliatlona of its kind.   It ia also one       Tho Lemieux act changed tha vote
at tho logical outgrowth from capital- la being demonstrated ln a provincial of tha groat political forces of Ger- ot many a railway man in Yale-Carlr
hjm.  It will come becauae a continua- aenie is British Columbia. many. boo.-Greenwood Ledge,
When Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Forget to Mention the Trades Union
i,:
-
. ���HMV-.-^aMMtotoiiaatrtNl aaaa
i
���HT'
THI   B.   C.   TRADES UNIONIST.   VANCOUVER,  BRITISH  COLUMBIA
it.
TRADES UNION DIRECTORY
Officers-Where they meet, when they
meet
Secretaries  are  requested  to   notify
Prats Committee of change of
Officers and Addresses.
Union Cards inserted for $1. per month.
CANADIAN TRADES AND LABOR
^CONGRESS.
-MeetH IhI and 3rd Thurs-
lay In Labor Hall. Pres., It. Parm
Pettipiece; Vlce-Pres., J. A. Aicken;
Gen. Sac., H. Cowan. Labor Hall; Sec.-
Treas.. A. It. Burns, Labor Hall;
8tatl��tlciun. H. Hollars; Sergent-at-
arms, 8. Kernlshan; Trustees, W. W
Sayer, J. J. Corcoran,   P. W. Dowler.
TXOTOMU.    tsades    ajn>    labor
OOraOZX,���Meets 1st and 3rd Wednesday each month. Officers: Wm. McKay, Pres, Box 507; W. H. Qlbsun.
Vlce-Prea., 2����. Douglas 8t; L. 81-
verta. Secy., Box 302; A. A. Argyie,
a Treas., Box 302; A. Herbey. Bergent
at-arma, Chambers 8t. Executive
Committee: Pres. McKay, 8ecy. 81-
verta,    J.   Fraser,    W.   H.   Qlbaon.   J.
The T. snd L. C. of Canada Is the
legislative expression of organized labor throughout Canada. It has an affiliated membership of nearly 150,000
unionists.    At the Halifax convention
in September the much-discussed
Lemieux Act came ln for considerable
criticism. The disposition of the subject was the adoption of the following
resolution: "That the trades lmmedl-
atley affected by the Lemieux Act, and
which are affiliated with the congress,
be requested to submit to the executive council of the congress the necessary amendments to make the bill
effective, from the working class standpoint, and that the congress executive
ho instructed to obtain these amendments to the set, and that In the event
of the government refusing to grant
these amendments, s referendum on
the advisability of repealing the act
be submitted to the tradea affected hy
the act, and that the congress pledge
Itself to sblde by the result of that
vote."
A Federal Labor Union of Laborers
Is being organised at Calgary. Noel
Abobtt has been elected as secretary
pro tern, and A. J. Browniug, president.   Application for a charter will be
made to the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada. The congress only
forms organisations in localities where
none at present exist, hsvlng no International union with which to affiliate.
..
av
a iiwii i ���Meets every Friday
night at 8:30 o'clock Chas. Davis,
Secretary and Business Agent, 1&&
Hasting-* SL 1-. Hall for rent suitable
for aocials,  dances and societies.
1
rATIOWAL BEOTHEEHOOD OF
aJBOTBICAX WOBXESB, LOCAL
imOW MO. aia���Meets ,2nd and .th
Tuesdays. Labor Hall. 8 p.m. H. W.
Abercrombie. Prea., 143 Qore ave; Qeo.
Jenkins. Rec-Sec., Epworth, P.O.. B
G: II. H. Free, Fln.-8ec., 2210 West-
minster ave. >
\%K
AIOOU7B1
UMXOM MO. aaa���Meets in Labor Hull
Mat Sunday of each month at 2 p.m.
Pros.. H VV. Hunt; Vlce-Pres.. K. P.
Pettipiece: See.-Treas., H. C. Benson.
DOS if. (Hours at hendiiuarters. Labor Hall, 4 to ��� p.m. Monday: 4 to &
p.m.   Tuesduy.   Wednesday,   Thursday
Sid Friday.    Executive committee: J.
. Qulnn. J. W. Kills, J. Q. Hunt,  W.
LIU      i'lH
. Qulnr
Bffry.
I
AMD IsCETAL 1
LOCAL 007���Meeta 2nd
sad 4th Wednesday, Labor Hall,
Homer St.: C. H. Lewis, Pres.; Frank
Mahoney. Sec. 314 Cordova 8t  W.
I1UHDBT
ATIOWAL
MO. 10����� Pres- J. A,
loberts.    Meets Labor
and 4th Thursday at 1:00,
p.m. each month. .���,.,.',   .,��;���"
UB MO 070���Meets Labor Hull,
1st and Ird Sunday at I p.m.
. :30 p.m.   Prea, G J. Ryan; Fin.*
. Geo. W. Curnock, P.a Box 424,
Phone IS*,
	
cfW3
Arr^
490
>   mm^.Ojr'^m.Q.
ght, room a* -~*y
Ingleald. JCwnW.e    *L$&
���-Meets every Monday
hards st; >
J.  J.  Corcoran.  Sec.-Treae.,  P.a  Box ;-4
Little. Pres., 520 Richards
Corcoran,  Sec.'
Geo. Williams, Secy,
.'V
.if- ���
��� ������
V
lee* SiX Bobaoa 84;vA
:*m2o&^&
u oft
8Kl
m
" Sixth Avenue
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PHONBI90O     :
t��
Aa; ia. ��.�� M<a>M,
I'MVV��I'mm��   J  ������
;ld>. I^Di>^ Vancouver  Daily World,
wUcj^nmiJVA. Page for Wage-earners" every Satur-
day^cxiwlticted by.R. P. Pettipiece.
The,Vancouver;World '.contains   a certain element of fashionable aoelety
^lengthy.artldtt describing tho moral known aa the "Smart Set," it Is almost
ii depravity ^bt thicjhinowo la debauch- considered a matter of brilliancy upon
Xing whita^|iria;;whlle lamatas o< iheir the part of a pampered swell in the
*opfam mm&Tm Chfniai uojm aaore social whirl, to bo able to boast of
^expert In bringing about tha downfall conquests that puts tho brand of shame
%ot maidenhood than tha diamond-deck- upon tha brow of woman. Tho blushed Amerlcsn aristocrat who has had leas Eves In dona of shame In ovary
tho benefit of a Chrlstlsn education, city of this 'nation pout tha accusing
Tht American libertine In wrecking finger at American villains who gloat
tho virginity of girlhood can give the over their hellish accomplI..unents.--
and apedea.   Among a Mlaer.'Magaalne.
When Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Forget to
\\ iUWAYSWARMATf
!!     VANCOUVER^
1?, lj, puc ;
15. 25. 50c
The great atrike of the shop employes on the Canadian Pacific Railway haa been declared off���lost. While
the shopmen were fighting desperate-'
ly to maintain their organization and
decent working conditions, the engiu-
->rs, firemen, conductors, trainmen,
etc.. worked with scabs Imported from
tbe states snd from Europe, and thus
by keeping trains moving aided to
break the strike. It Is only one more
Illustration of what a vicious, not to
Bay downright criminal, scheme craft
autonomy actually Is In practice.
Here's another example: After four
years of hard fighting from the. Mississippi river to the Pacific coast and
from the Ohio river to the gulf, the
machinists have been compelled to
abandbn their strikes on the Santa Fe
and the I,. & N. railways. The engines
snd cars built and repaired ln the rail*
way shops by strike-breakers were
hsuled over the roads by members of
tbe old brotherhoods without the
slightest objections. No wonder that
onlookers become disgusted with such "
"unionism." Some union cards cover
a multitude of sins.���Max S. Hayes.
Capital is a purely passive factor In
production, Nature and Labor are the
active factors. Nature gives her services free; therefore, all exchange values are the rightful property of those
���and those alone���whose labor produces them. The logical conclusion Is
that every farthlng'a worth of real
exchange value contained ln the so-
called accumulated wealth of the capitalist class belongs to labor,
Dominion Garbolineum
Works
Creasoated Timber and
Wood Block Paving
COAL HARBOR
Vancouver, 8. C.
..'������ -.
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THE   B.   C.   TRADES UNIONIST.   VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
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DRINK
Rainier Beer
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Not the Common Kind,
but
More Commonly Uued
than
the Common Kind
Pacific Bottling
Works
DISTRIBUTORS                   PHONE 783
r .
* ���        o
"Jack Mortimer missing!" "Mortimer probably drowned!" "Mortimer's body found In Red river!"
Such were the shocking messages
hastily passed from Up to lip among
Socialists snd union men ln Vancouver last week. And though no details
are to hand even yet. It Is certain
John T. Mortimer Is no more. Thst
he Is dead may be true; but his life
will long live and be cherished In the
memory of labor. It was the severest
blow to comrades and friends recorded
In tbe Canadian Socialist movement.
In earlier days Mortimer was an
active trades union exponent at Winnipeg, and filled almost every office
within the gift of organized* labor, being once a delegate to tbe Berlin convention of the Trsdes snd Labor Congress of Canada, and also President of
Winnipeg Trsdes and Labor Council.
Shortly after the organisation of the
Trades and Labor Couucil in Winnipeg.
Mortimer was sent as s delegate from
the Tailors' Union. He was at once
recognized as a young man of ability,
and Harry Cowan, secretary of Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, had
the pleasure of nominating him for
office in that body.   From that time
he commenced to play an important part
In the deliberations of tae labor movement.
Mortimer organized tho first Independent political action movement In
1
Union Men Patronize
Cafe
106 Hastings St
Vancouver, B. C
Everything; strictly flrst-clsss.
Prices moderate.   Always open.
First-class music in attenclance.
All IWoo Hp
THE FEDERAL PRINTING OFFICE.
At the Instance of a New Westminster unionist, the Mowing self-explanatory correspondence Is reproduced:
"Indianapolis, Indiana, Nov. 25, 1!)08.
"R. P. Pettipiece, Organizer, Vancou-
��� ver, B. C.'.
Dear Mr. Pettipiece: ��� Enclosed
herewith ia a copy of communication
received from President Powell, of Ottawa Typographical Union, No. 102,
which Is self-explanatory.   Fraternally,
"JAMES M. LYNCH."
(Copy)
"Ottawa, Nov. 22, 1908.
"Mr. James M. Lynch, President ITU.
"Dear 81r:��� Your letter of November
19, addressed to E. W. Raper, financial
secretary of No. 102, containing copy
Of letter written by Mr. R. P. Petti
piece,  has  been  handed  to me  with
the request that I answer it.
"ln regard to the 'Labor Gazette,' It
has not been printed in the Govern*
ment Printing Bureau for the last four
or Ave years. It is printed at the Ottawa Free Press job office, a concern
which Is union throughout, and Is entitled to the allied label.
"There are no allied labels In tho
Government Printing Bureau, for when
it was declared an    open    office, or
rather  when  No.  102 expelled those
who worked there for refusing to pay
their   just   dues   and   assessments,  I
waited   upon   Mr.   Mc Mahon,  the su**<;
perintendent, and requested the labels, ;^
which were given up to me.   Fraternal- '$'
ly yours.
XSlgned)     MICHAEL POWELL.*
��������*
made forwent friends and hitter political enemies.
At thla time, 1903. he became Interested In the Socialist movement and.
soon joined the Socialist Party, later
becoming one of Ita moat untiring
workera and faithful exponents of Its
economies.
As one of the Socialist Party candidal vs here he polled 1360 votes In a
provincial election.
For domestic reasons Mortimer returned, to St. Vincent Minn., the home
of Mrs. Mortimer and three small children, where he met his tragic death
last week while crossing the Ice on the
Red river, near his home. He waa on
his way to the station to catch a train
for Winnipeg to address a meeting for
the cause he loved and fought for���
especially during the recent federal
campaign at Winnipeg.
Mortimer waa of British birth,  a
Scotchman, about 34 years of ago, and
had a future ln the labor movement
He had Intended to return to Vancouver In April.   A brother of Mrs. Mortimer la now a resident of tho city.
������' Labor suffers a good many painful
' and discouraging reverses, aad this
���' has been one of them; hat It Is tho
'��� duty of those left on tho social battle-
4 Held to 'close up tho ranks;" develop
I more Mortimers; front to tho enemy,
< and with renewed vigor and determlna-
;;��� tion posh on for tho overthrow of tho
i reign of Capital, and hasten tho day
.vwhen there shall ho neither master Or
* stove, bat an international brotherhood
�� of industrially free men and women.
3*r. A comrade has fallen! < Bat the*
'f cause he ttood tor goes oa to victory!
R.p. p.  i
Robertson Godson
e: COMPANY,    LTD.
H
1
aj Wholesale Plumbers Supplies,
Iron Pipe,  Fittings,  Valves,
MOtaiB, eic.
;
38 Hastings St East
Capital lam "Destroying the  Home."
a
One marriage out of every twelve In
the United States terminates In the
divorce court.
Divorce is two and one-half times as
common in t his country aa it waa forty
years ago.
Illinois grants more divorces than
any other state ln the anion.
Those are three of the chief facta
set forth In a compendam of statistics
on marriage and divorce which haa
just been issued hy tho bureau of the
census department of commerce and
labor.
v v^# john T. MORTIMBR.^^^-
Winnipeg, as a result of which A. W.
Puttee was twice elected to the fed* .
��� oral house.       ,   ��� ��� ���
Blacklisted by employers; feared
and hated by old-party politicians, ho
waa compelled to. took a. living elsewhere. I*  ' ' * .       ,��*������
He  cant to Vanwmver and* en*
deavorod to lay low- for a time, hut
at the Bolicltatlon of O. W. Wrlgley, *
who was thoa assoclsted with tho
writer, Mortimer waa Induced to re*
wBSBj^pa      Bassists*     nsBs"*^^^a��    SBBWvS/aasB>uv mm&^mm \ a��v   '
��� -- .���..������������.       Oa\^m^^tslsssa^     * *BB\       BBss.aB*asBa��**a4ak4i    "*
aooa.aocaino. A power?
��� ���*..   ��- MjJb-.i  ���!���.���   i -_a lAJjva,**.������'.X
jgyVr'A^ '����� l&&<*&&%
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11.50 per day and np-**?r-Kt-;,
_v. Special Rates by tha week
3*
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American Plan 51*
���5 Outside Bright, Airy Rooms
Free
#4*
9&
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V.
���:.,. fox a
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riltBtTMl
*&3&*$*&f*W
Our Advertize Pont Forget to Iftfityn ttv;Ti^w#|af^^^
*.J-iSSB.
Ml
c��^s Hfiftzs*:* THE   B.   C.   TRADES UNIONIST. VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
II
**%,7	
You Will Save I
t
Money by Visiting
vOur January Sale
���
W.B.
Brum mitt
iverv B. C.
*m*m*m
K
BROTHERHOOD OF BOOKBINDERS.
Robt. Glockllng, president of the In
ternatlonal Brotherhood of Bookbinders, with headquarters at New. York
City, N. Y., was ln Vancouver a few
days this week.
President Glockllng la an old school
trades unionist, and haa been mixed
up In the labor movement for 30 years
or more. While this is his first visit
to British Columbia, President Glockllng la' no atranger to unionists, especially to old-timers here, Including
George Bart ley and Harry Cowan.
f.j At an Impromptu meeting of members of the allied printing crafts the
president of the Bookbinders' International Union spoke Interestingly and
Instructively of tbe recent A. F. of L.
convention.
Dealing with the bookbinders' big
light for the eight-hour day. Mr. Glockllng expressed satisfaction with the
progress throughout the West, and
hoped the Bast would soon be In line.
The eight-hour struggle was Inaugurated on October let, 1907.
Ho referred to the situation at Akron, Ohio, where tbe binders have had
105 men and over 100 women out since
. Jane 12th, 1907, a clash ln which the
printers  and  pressmen  are  also  In-
:�� volved.    A recital of    the    barbaric
^methods and tactics of the Employers'
Association   there   against   organised
labor Illustrates, with Its allies, what
a hypocritical  pretence of truce exists���even when "harmony" supposedly prevails between'   capitalists ' and
laborers.
President Glockllng gave the young-
voters preaent a hit of sidelight aa to
what packing a union card haa meant
in Canada for tbe past quarter of a
century, and briefly reviewed aome of
the npa and downs. He remembered
distinctly the time when the binders
orgsnlxed in Toronto In 1870, their
trials, several of them being pulled
into court, which finally resulted In
the demand for and the passing of the
Trades Union Act ln Canada.
The binders of Vancouver were
greatly pleased to have President
Glockllng here just at this time; several questions being disposed of which
were causing some uneasiness.
Most of the local members of the I.
B. of B., with their "chief," adjourned
to a little repast and enjoyed a couple
of hours developing the social side of
life.
President Glockllng hss left for Victoria From there he goes to 'Frisco,
then works back through the United
States territory to New York.
Relative to a published statement by
the G. A. Roedde, Ltd., that President
Glockllng had misrepresented the
wages paid in Vancouver: Had Mr.
Roedde been as "roedde" to first make
inquiry as he was to rush into print,
he would have known that President
Glockllng was reviewing the international conditions���not local. And Mr.
Glockling's statement is based on
facts, not prejudice.
In the last analysis an employer
pays no wages. Every wage-earner
earns���pays���his own wages and then
some. That "some" is the price wage-
earners pay for the privilege of earning their own wares.
BBSS?
The capitalists backed down in the
Haywood case because we produced
the goods, the credit for which belongs to our organization. They will
yield more stubbornly in ti.e future.
They will only back down ln the face
of our display of strength. .A bluff
will not count, it must be the real
backbone, and the backbone of the Socialist party is its organisation.���Chicago Socialist.
CORRESPONDENCE.
Chauffeur.���Motor-drivers are admissible into the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. Write Thomas
L. Hughes, secretary, room 51, 147
Market street, Indianapolis, Ind. A
more suitable name may be adopted st
the next annual convention.
TICE
Con's
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P. O. Box  1503
.A'ClCrpOOBBs.�� a\"��� *wm
-
t" ���
Pacific Coast Pipe Company, Ltd,
Vancouver, a3. C
Water Pipe
Systems of Water Works Installed for
Domestic Supply,     Power Development,
Irrigation Plans.
Estimates Furnished
A local lnduatry using local m terlal and   employing   white   labor
*   exclusively.
BRITISH   COLUMBIA   NOTES.
"Bill" Davidson, ex-M.P.. defeated
Socialist party candidate in Kootenay
last month, is spoken of as the likely
representative on the same ticket for
Fernie at the next provincial elections.
Mr. Davidson is a member of teh district board of the W. F. of M. If he
is chosen by the coal-diggers he will
surely be elected.
The Calgary Bye-Opener has again
been shut out of the malls by order of
the postofflce authorities. If the Eye-
Opener Is fit to be publicly printed It
is fit for the public malls. And the
Calgary Typographical Union deserves
commendation for its action In thla
contention, at Its last meeting. That
Ottawa censor needs considerable fix*,
ing.
HORSESHOERS' UNION.
The newly-organized local of the
Horseshoers' Union is making good
progress and promises to become quite
a factor in the Terminal City labor
movement. It has some experienced
members who will see that business Is
attended to and the best interests of
the union protected. At Its last meeting Organizer Pettipiece obligated all
members and Installed the following
officers for the ensuing term:
President:    James McDonald.
Vice-President:    Albert Lee.
��
Secretary-Treasurer:    J. Blckell.
Recording Secretary: John Alexander.
Sergt.-at-Arms:    L. D. Craig.
Trustee:    John Ross.
Delegate to Trades and Labor Council:   John Alexander.
Meetings will be held in Room 1,
Labor Hall, every second and fourth
Wednesday.
The workingmen of Canada are also
being made to suffer the effects of "unconstitutional" decisions. The high
court of Manitoba has decided that tee
"fair wage" scale, as enforced by the
cities In Canada, Is Illegal. It was held
that when a contract is awarded the
contractor may malce hla own terms
with his employes, regardless of wage
acales. The decision was given In the
suit of the city of Winnipeg against a
contracting firm which refused to pay
the scale the city agreed upon with
the union.���Typographical Journal.
CIGARMAKERS'   UNION   NO.  857.
������;
The election of officers for the ensuing term, at our last meeting, resulted as follows:
President:    A. Heuft.
Vice-President:   R. Craig.
Financial Secretary:   J. C. Penser.
Treasurer:    8. W. Johnson.
Sergeant-at-Arms:    M. Nugent.
Trustees: J. Jones. O. Wood and It.
Nugent
Executive: W. Jardine, F. Jost, C.
C Copeland. >
Delegates to Tradea aad Labor Coua-
A. af
When Patronizing Our Murtfzari Doirt Forget to Mention the Trad* Unionist
M
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THI   ���.   C   TRADES UNIONIST.
\ ,        v. .
VANCOUVER. 1111X1111 COLUMBIA.
fi-artt 'a
The Big Cash tracers
Headquarters   for    Groceries
Only the best goods kept in
stock
Lowest Prices
Save money by buying your
groceries st Edgett's
The Hi. Edgett
Co., Ltd
153-156 Hastings St
Telephone Exchange 187
Economic Determinism.���The Prot-
estsnt ministers of Boston have organised a union along trade union lines.
They will adopt a scale of wages, and
are even discussing the appointment
of a business agent. Low wages are
responsible for this action. And on
the plea that "It was unfair to the
mother country to drain her resources," the Bishop of Ottawa of the
Anglican church, declares against importing recruits for the ministry from
the Old Country. He 'said that the
time had arrived when the Anglican
church ought to be able.to provide a
sufficient number of clergymen from
among Canadians and no longer go to
the Old Country. It all depends on
whose job. 1b at stake.
I
A PACKAGE OF  DEFINITIONS.
"Social revolution Is a complete
transformation of the wonted forms
of associated activity among men."���
Karl Kantsky.
"Social revolution Is a more" or less
rapid transformation of the judicial
and political superstructure of society
arising from a change ln Its economic
foundations."���Marx.
"By labor power or capacity for labor is to be understood the aggregate
of those mental and physical capabilities existing in a human being, which
he exercises when he produces a use
value of any description."���Marx.
"A slave is one who is forced to
yield to another a part ot the product
of his toll."���Vail.
"By working people we do not understand merely the hand workers,
but every one who does not live on the
labor of Another. Besides the city and
country laborers must be Included
also the small farmers and traders
who groan under the burden of capital."���Wm. Llehknecht.
"Wealth la anything of limited supply possessing an exchange value."
"Poverty Is Inability to satisfy one's
wants."���Restelle.
Votes for the International officers
of the United Mine Workers of America, to hold office during the ensuing
year, were cast on Monday last by
about 150,000 members of the miners'
organization in the United States snd
Canada. The results of the election
will not be made public until the annual convention, to be held in Indianapolis next month. If the Western
vote had the deciding of the result.
President Lewis would be re-elected ln
a walk. a v
Another coal mine ln Pennsylvania
became the slaughter house for nearly 300 victims. A reluctance to spend
a little of the profits for proper Ventilation Is the real cause "of the awful
calamity.
~*\	
Ben. Hanford, a New York union
printer, twice candidate for vice-president on the Socialist ticket and a bachelor for forty-eight years, Is manned.
I
|   We have Work Room Fitted Up With the "Best Optical
Grinding Plant in the West.
_____________ ��� j   * ��� ���,
Eyes Tested F*ee
*
Padmore's Cigar
^
.        ��        ar     a      .
1
I  \
Where everything a Smoker Wants Can be Ufa*    1��0   HfpfAm    m*AaTaa**Pjammt
Had. - -   Union Cigars a Specialty "939.   I ft L9 JtlWNlG,   Id Ml
iii iii        ammaaAiaamm&maam?
BRITISH   LABOR  PARTY.
Members of organised labor ln Canada will be interested in the composition of the British Labor party. It Is
made up as follows:
181 Trades Unions  1,049,673
92 Trades Councils         22,267
2 Socialist Societies  473
1,072,413
Admitted   since   last   convention. Miners' Federation of
Great Britain      500,000
Total   1,572,413
The two Socialist societies are the
Fabian Society and the I. L. P.
One Socialist society���the Social
Democrats���are still out of the Labor
party. Originally they were ln, but
withdrew. Last year they debated a
resolution to "re-afflUate," which was
lost.
These are all paying tax to one head,
while maintaining identity.
The I. L. P. has an annual convention of Its own.
Macdonald, Hardie, Grayson, etc.,
belong to the I. L. P.
Hyndman leads the S. D.
Blatchford la the nominal head of a
body of "irregulars" known aa "Clarion Scouts," whose policy is purely
educational.
WHAT���AGAIN!
1	
The two belligerent men raced
other.
"You're a^revaricator'-
"You're a yellow pop!**
"Fight!" shrieked a small boy.
The curious crowd began to gather.
"Come round the corner, where a
'bobby" wont bother us!" said, the
prevaricator. And the two hastened
to an empty plot, dogged by a crowd
of bloodthirsty men and youths.
Arrived, the prevaricator mounted a
���
wooden platform that waa not there
yesterday, while the pup dived into a -
box and extracted therefrom a bulging
bag.
Then the "prevaricator'* thoa addressed the crowd:
"While the doctor gets out the packages of our magical herbs,
to cure cancer, bunions, all
eases, etc, I will entertain you with a
few sleight-of-hand conjuring
Fernie, B. C, organisation are circularizing labor to "keep away." No
jobs for them. The circular does not
Intimate where the unemployed are to
The U. S. postofflce department for
the fiscal year ahows a deficit of
$16,000,000. The railroad companies
that have mail contracts have tht--"de-
The Western Federation of Miners
la fast regaining Its membership In the
Boundary district. The Granby atrike '
of a year ago gave it a temporary set-
the aame conditions that
unions once hiring them into being wherever there are wage-ei
���
CIGARS,
J
TOBACCOS and PIPES
,
���:.   a
Peoev
When Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Forget to Mention the Trades ���
:
��� 'V
' ?fflt**(fm*P*l*'T<**^*t''
��� i'rwr^*^3- r '������fl<Wfmj*m*i
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THE   B.   C.   TRADES UNIONIST.  VANCOUVER,  BRITISH COLUMBIA.
1
���
bj��mBb��bbbjbps.
New Wellington
AND
Banff Anthracite
BE A MAN .WHEN A MAN.
Words of Advice to a Boy Arrived at
Manhood���Appreciate the Chance
Your Father  Has Given  You
and Attempt to Repay Him
by    Being    a    Manly
Mhan.
Evans. Coleman &
Evans
a
Telephone 226,  Williams Block,   Granville  Street
'* 88,  Columbia Avenue Wharf
�����    Bernard Shaw has published in The
.' New Age a masterly defense of Victor
I Grayson's action in preferring to walk
\ out of the House of Commons and be
suspended aa a Member of Parliament
lather than acquiesce supinely in a
policy of do notblngism in the matter
I of the unemployed. Shaw points out
oat forcibly that there are some
: questions ln this world that cannot be
settled by ordinary constitutional
methods. At Its present rste of trans*
acting business the English Parliament will get around to the question
'of the unemployed about 2500 A. D.
Somebody had to make a dramatic and
; Violent protest, and Grayson was the
in who did It Only two Mbor mem*
'bora of Parliament aupported hla action. If the whole Labor group had
'seceded with him, something might
-have been done for the unemployed
���NOW.  Grayson's action, while It has
V>* ������
been censured by many, has the hearty
support of Robert Blatchford, the author of "Merrte Bngland," as well'as of
Bernard Shaw. "Grayson did not
speak for himself alone, nor for the
unemployed, solely," says Blatchford.
"He  voiced the   common   sense and
So you are, twenty-one?
And you stand up clear-eyed^ clean-
minded, to look all the world squarely
in the eye.   You are a man!
Did you ever think, son, how much
it has cost to make a man out of yon?
Some one^has figured up the cost
in money of rearing a child. He says
to bring up a young man to legal age,
care for him and educate him, costs
125,000. Which is a lot of money to
put into flesh and blood.
But that isn't all.
You have cost your father many
hard knocks and short dinners and
worry and gray streaks in his hair.
And your mother���oh, hoy, you will
never know! You have cost her days
and nights of anxiety and wrinkles in
her dear face and heartaches and sacrifice.
It has been expensive to you.
But���
If you are what we think you are,
you are worth all you cost���and much,
much more.
Be sure of this: While father does
not say much but "Hello, son," way
down deep in his toujh, staunch heart,
he thinks you are the finest ever. And
>as for the little mother, she simply
cannot keep her love and pride for
you out of her eyes.
You are "a man now.
And some time you must step into
your father's shoes.    He wouldn't like
sens.
PRESSMEN'S UNION.
^
Th* Oyster &a?
m    -'-V'-V   '
esfemrant
��* Tet 75��
Cor. of Carm.1 &
if P. L. CerscalUn,
*  ���.
Proprietor
you to call him old. but just the same
humanity of millions of British citi-^ ^ ftg young ag ne used tQ be
You see, young man, he has been
working pretty hard for more than
twenty years to'Tielp you up! And already) your mother is beginning to lean
on you.
Doesn't that sober you, Twenty-one?
Your father has done fairly well, but
yon can do better. You may not think
so, but he does. Ire has given you a
better chance than be had. In many
ways you can begin where he left off.
He expects a good deal from you, and
that Is why he haa tried to make a
man of you.-   ***< t\&$%fr&u
Dont flinch, mOJl>&#-$.1$& ���
The world will try yon out, It will
pat to the test every liber In you.
Bat yon are made of good stuff.., Once.
"Conditions In "the Pressmen's
Union, have vastly Improved," writes
International President George L. Ber*
ry. "This improvement is due largely
to the Improved trade conditions. The
eight-hoar day campaign is practically closed, and is generally established
over the continent.
"The union went through a serious
stage in the last year. Our organisation paid out more than $900,000 to
Btrlklng members during that period.
Thla aum had to he raised by a special
assessment on the working members.
of 5 per cent.
>**
I For yotir,
! Xtnas needs
i        goto
I     Chambers
$ Furnishers to Men
\ 40S Westminster Ave.
ec<
pay the freight. And your back debts
to father and mother. You will pay
them, won't you, boy? ,
How shall you pay them?
,  By being always and everywhere a
man!���Grand Rapids Chronicle.
The decision of the British Appeal
Court that labor unions have no right
to levy dues or assessments upon their
members for the support of labor
members of Parliament is a thrust by
"vested wrongs" at the Labor party
in that country. Though far from all
that could be desired, it is by experience, facing* development in the direction of the revoutionary ideal and
tends to compel unionists to become
true representatives of working-class
interests oh the political field.
The body of John T. Mortimer haa
not been found. Tracks from hla
home to the hole in the ice were followed and, with a diver from Winnipeg and local volunteers, a diligent
but futile search was made. The
drowning occurred on Thanksgiving
Day, after dark, within a half-mile of
his home, and he was not missed" till
four days later.
The Typographical Union at Vernon,
in the Okanagan Valley, la increasing
in membership. Revelstoke, Enderby,
Summerland, Keiowna, Pentlcton'and
other smaller towns are under the
jurisdiction of Vernon. Burt R. Campbell, an ex-Vancouverite, la the secretary.
J
A Typographical Union card from
any country on earth ia accepted with*
the load la. fairly strapped ^oa, your ^ out any Initiative fee by the I. T. U.
Patrick McMullea, International sec   young shoulders,yon will carry It.and*on this continent, and entitles the do*
reUry of the Preasmen's Uhlon. was in    scarcely feel it���If only!there be^thej posltor to all the rights, protection
���
���
-?5
I
:w
Ki
Washington. D. C, last week, looking
after matters pertaining to hla organ*
���     ".."1
willing and cheerful mind. /^
. All hail yon, on the threshold!
ltation.
/ ���
It's high time yon wore
���J1,1
privileges of   the   membership.
Tailors' Union are the latest to
ab.'tfline in this respect.
1
������u*
,�����..��.,��-�����������   ��� *1>, .. .a, nM>
To the thousands eat of work ta
British Columbia the fact that Hon.;
R. G. Tatlow, who la now In England.;^,
haa started a newspaper campaign tof>>!
attract Intending* immigrants to^thla-
province, should prove
������.,->*���.*<��������,
PS
BEST   IN  B
C VG
y v\ ^>
-i\Jvi.% ���*    1..   i.*<.<i''��"V,N    .     *h��*? ���������'���
���   i .4' J "��� '
���
��� ���
���      .
'
18
THI  B.   C.   TRADES UNIONIST. VANCOUVIR, BRITISH COLUMBIA.
-
9?V
cCrossan, Schultz
& Harper
SOME EXCLU8IVE UNIONS.
BARRISTERS,   ETC.
Rooms 82 to 86 Imperial Block
aao PINDER ST.
Phone 2444
J
Is your name on the voters' list?
1/
>*
rfi ���  u-
m
Phone 18
CHAMPION & WHITE
Dalian la SillsHi Mattrial, tic.
Office: 939, 941, 948
Westminster Avenue
Vancouver, B. C.
East End Wharf,  941-943 West-
* minster Ave.
.#.
West End Wharf, Burrard St and
Beach Avenue.
And One Must he a Member Before He
Can Do Business.
To preach, marry people and collect
the salary, fees snd perquisites of the
pulpit, you must belong to the Ministers' Union, the clergy, and carry a
license card.
To practice law you must belong to
the Lawyers' Union,'the bar, and carry
a padl-up license card.
To practice medicine you must belong to the Doctors' Union snd carry
a diploma card.
If you own stocks and bonds, csn
you go on the floor of the Exchange
snd sell them? Not unless you belong
to the Stock Gamblers' Union, the
Stock Exchange.
Do you see farmers on the floor of
the Produce Exchange selling their
grain and cotton? Not much. They
do not belong to the Produce Gambler's Union.
Do drovers sell their cattle and hogs
on the floor of the Livestock Exchange? The nearest they get to It
is the office of Sklnem, BUkem A
Shark, livestock commission merchants, who sre members in good
standing of the Livestock Gamblers'
Union.
The "open shop" Is a beautiful Institution only when applied to plain
and simple work.
When you are sure you are  right
then go ahead.
The Canadian Rubber Company
of Montreal, Limited
Everything in
Rubber
���
*��J��x��-+"iktt*-r��e'*'*'i' ���
'.   ���
Of
Fire Hoss snd Fire Department Supplies.
In this Department we handle everything
for the Fire Department; helmets, boots, coats,
and all kinds of equipment for hose snd apparatus.
Heavy Mechanical Goods Department.
Rubber belting. Hose for every purpose.
Packings, Valves, Gasket, etc.
Light Mechanical Goods Department
Pumps, Valves, Rings. Washers, Moulded
Goods, Mats and Matting.
Tire Department.
Automobiles snd Carriage Tires. Truck
Wheel Tires, and Band Saw Bands. Baby Carriage Tires.
Druggists' Sundries Department.. ���.���1
Druggists' and Hospital Goods and Specialties
Textile Goods Department.
Rubber Clothing, Carriage Cloth and Testile
Goods.   Divers' Suits, for Submarine Work.
Footwear Department.
I of Ranker Boots and Shot *
,  j
.
,    ' "Hl��
BONISED JOB SEEKEI
V
Advices from W. R. Trotter, representative of the Dominion Tradea Congress in the Old Country, just to hsnd,
are of vital interest to organised labor,
particularly ln Western Canada.
"Colonel Lamb," says Org- Trotter,
"has told sn Interviewer of the London
Times thst the Salvation Army Is
PREPARED TO SEND 10.000 EMIGRANTS TO CANADA NEXT YEAR."
"This," caustically adds the writer. "Is
'returning to spiritual work' with a
vengeance, referring to a promise Col.
Lsmb made the Congress delegates st
Halifax.
"Col. Lamb also says be is 'much
impressed' with British Columbia aa a
field for emigrants, so most likely they
are to be headed your way."
It would be interesting to know
whether the British Columbia government Is again sanctioning, recognising
or assisting In this business.
A pamphlet, printed and circulated
ln thousands ln the Old Country by the
federal government, entitled "Canada,"
is certainly the limit
It is undated, and, to give it a much-
needed sir of veracity, It states: "The
returns were obtained mainly from the
retail storekeepers, ss well aa independently by the regular correspondents of the Labor Gazette in the chief
cities of the Dominion, and they show
the actual prices averaged during the
past year for the classes of tbe articles
named most in demand. The information thus furnished may be accepted
as thoroughly' representative of the
present cost of living in Canada."
Then    follows   quotations.    For in
stance, under the headings of British
Columbia, coal la given aa |3.50 per
ton. To British Columbiana paying not
less than $6.50 to $7.50 tor aome years
past, thla will Indicate how authoritative and "thoroughly representative"
the pamphlet la. Rent, aa another illustration of downright misrepresentation, for six-room houses ia quoted at
$9 to $12 per month. If there aro any
federal officers, Salvation Army dealers ln human flesh, retail storekeepers
or I -abor Gazette correspondents who
can locate any at the above prices In
Vancouver there would be Joy In tho
wage-earnera' camp for a time. From
$16 to $25 and even $86 would ho
much more like a statement of fact.
Other commodities quoted are equal*
ly false.. <* ��� ���-
All of which demonstratea aome of
the tactics used by worklngclass-elect-
ed labor-skinners in glutting the labor
market of Canada.
With voluntary emigration there,
can be no fault found, except to mon*
tion that it will not solve the unemployed problem; but bonused emigration should be stopped���at once, forever.
Tbe federal government got a alight
indication of how its Immigration policy 1b viewed ln British Columbia last
October. v
The British Columbia government
will get a much stronger intimation
from labor If Capt. Tatlow la allowed
to run at large and continue hla dicker-
ings with tbe Salvation Army and
other   cheap   labor   employment   bu-
t
'f
reaus.
_.       i
' A good deal has been said by unionists anent tbe Trsdes snd Labor Congress of Canada and its declarations
for "independent political action." This
In view of the exciting events in
which the labor members of Parliament have taken part recently In London, and the probable Introduction of.
does not mean that the congress Is In , resolutions dealing with the ejection
Itself a Political party    The Poslta^ ^ fl ^ |
of the congress Is neutral, in"����^^,Comillong for proteatlngaga.net its In-
a. It. offlcer. moat appeal to ���U^|actfcm>;tne face of ^ vnmnAo^
tabor. The j*****^**^*^?^ tho ninttfannual conference of tho
take, tho Initiative -^.^'H����l*ior party.Iwhlch will bo held In the
.wage-earners of **m\mm*nmm��mi-ar^*-Hun ��t'|H)rtsmoiith oh Jsniiair
master-hip * ^ ��� ^^^ tfth. and will loXUoTmZZ R
fV.
���/
as*.
Vancouver
.���
. When Patronulnfl Our
403
Cordova St
���4VJ^��--4(SBa*��]
art a
....    -v- .-.v ... ���-���.*... <4��^'$2����
;��� The social revolution la not a man-,A
made scheme, hut the outcome of ages V
of economic evolution.' Production la.;"
no longer ail Individual act, but a so- ���'.
. da! one. 'Tho anomaly that now pre* '
\��enls Itself Is collective   production -
and capitalist'ownership.   Now tho
"l-Snal act 16- complete tho revolution
V demands tho overthrow of tho capital-
j 1st ownership of the mesne of life, and
lathis must bo the) work of the collective. ���
��.*Mm*mm tmmmmWaVA&^
"MM
��*?���,>*.
**i
��� vm. \.a ���**\iyuam*mWai&:Mji.:.
aaaamaaaamaamaaaaam
_____
aTOEl
,
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,*tKt* *
������ **E*Wj
.
���
��� i
THI   g.   C.   TRADES UNIONIST. VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA.
���
�����������.���
. ���
>���.���...
II
"   '���.   ���
.������ ������'..������'���;���
By Insisting Upon Purchasing
Union Stamp Shoes
You help better-Shoemak ing conditions.
You get better Shoes for the money.
You help your own Labor Position.
You abolish Child Labor.
Do not be misled
By Retailers who say : "This shoe does not bear the stamp,
but is made under Union Conditions."
This is False.���No shoe is Union made unless it bears the
Union Stamp.
BOOT MO IMC WORKERS' UNION, 140 !�����������? SI., Bostoa, Mass.
Johb P. Tobin, Pres. Chas. L. Baine, Sec.-Treas.
THI agitator.
His Plact in History���He Is the Msn
Who Believes In Progress.
There sre aome people who are bitterly opposed to agitators, and who. if
they could only have their way, would
eternally alienee them by process of
aw, and some of these people are
good people, too, and cal themselves
Christians, though how a real down-
light, honest, conscientious Christian
can take such s position we utterly
fail to understand. The agitator is to
society what a stream of pure spring
water Is to a pool: atop the flow and
the pool stagnates, be cornea covered
with scum and throws off ita deadly
malaria on the surrounding air. It is
the agitator that keeps society from
itlng and imparls life to the com-
ilty In which he moves. The agitator holda an honored place in history; In fact, the moat honored. Moses
Iras an agitator. He dared to stand
Out and agitate for better conditions
for the children of Israel, and ho had
to floe from Egypt for hie life because
protested against the bondage of
>Mu Elijah was an agitator,
protested against the wickedness
of Ahab and a corrupt court, and ho
had to flee into the wilderness to es-
mmmL,
Jivi
Bt Oa Xna Et. w�� |in
every*
thiea ws ess was m Uslas
Labsi. Year trade iissiisfsslj
BssssssssssBsssssssssBW        sEMbsHW   ijasJisaS  BbBbrBIbAbBssI
BMBBBBMHSa    *m vsly   g^^sgsgm  B^awmSUSBsP-P
al aithat state   ssttUaa yes aa
ess tichtt sa bVb pissa.
cspe the vengeance of the King. Jeremiah in his dsy wss s notorious agitator. He was whst the modern capitalistic apologist would call a calamity
howler; and agitator could be placed
opposite the name of nearly every old-
time prophet. Jesus Christ .was the
greatest of all agitators. He came propounding a doctrine that would literally at urn the whole world right aide up,
and he was hounded to the death and
crucified by the representatives of the
Jewish Church because he taught the
doctrine of human brotherhood and
the application of the Golden Rule.
Paul was a mighty agitator, and he had
for company the brotherhood of the
Apostles. Oarrlaon was sn agitator
when he protested against human slavery, and he was rotten-egged* and had
many narrow escapes for his life. The
reader of history Is aware that wherever tyranny has reigned, wherever
right hss risen up to overthrow the
wrong the agitator has always first got
in his work. It is the agitator that always leads and swings aloft the hammer of the truth. The agitator is the
msn who Is not content with things as
they are; but desires to Improve them.
He is the man who believes In progress and longs for better things and
higher Ideala. It Is no wonder that
wrong-doers in high places, that.corrupt corporations and unprincipled pol-
IticraiJB decry and ' misrepresent the
agitator. They know what his work
moans, snd if the people were wise denunciations-from such a source should
be the best certificate of character. To
tho people Who have such a holy and
unreasonable dread of the agitator we
might remark that there ia one country where there aro no agitators, and
which is known as China. China is
tho stagnant pool whore all ia calm
refoss and where no turbulent life-
giving stream disturbs Snd agitates
the) hoyst changing surfsce.    What
THOU 8HALT NOT KILLI"
"Wanted.���Able-bodied, unmarried
men, men of good character"; for
what? Why, to learn the art of killing men; to learn how to shoot
straight; to learn how to draw a bead
upon their fellow-man and send him
headlong Into eternity by a ball^shot
straight Into his body by men of "good
character." -
The above was published by the
United States government in a city
where churches and bar-rooms flourish
side by side. In a city where saloons
are licensed in order to get money to
run the city government. In a city
where we take the revenue that we
derive from saloons and hire policemen to club our sons, fathers and husbands for getting drunk when we
have said amen to their getting drunk
by permitting the saloons to make
them drunk for a fee. Now, Isn't this
one hell of a mess.
How long do you suppose that an
able-bodied man og "good character"
would remain a man of "good character" after he had shot down a few of
his brothers ln cold blood, and reai-
11���Unionist. cmfwyp shrdlu nup
Ixed that these brothers whom he had
killed bad never, never, never done
htm any harm, and perhaps had he
known them personally be would have
loved them with a brotherly love.
Do you suppose that we would have
any need for standing armies and idle
navies, If the workers of the world,
who are compelled to fight tbe battles
of the Idle few understood one another
and realized that an insult to one was
an inault to all? Ah, no, the swords
would be beaten Into plowshares, and
the manhood of tbe world would rebel
at the thought of wars and the millennial dawn would glisten across the
horizon of tomorrow, and "peace on
earth, good will toward men" would
be the living now.
"When the workers of the world
unite," and wake up to a realization
that one set of toilers never had occasion to fall out with another set of
toilers, and further realize that the
interests of one is the interest of all,
then wars and rumors of wars will be
a thing of the past, and humanity will
be hound together with a golden cord
of love, and'never again will our children doubt the word of that great man
of Nazareth, who, like a martyr that
he was, died for the sake of teaching
a lesson that Would burn the imprint
Of manhood upon the brow of the unborn nations of the earth. Don't ring
that old injunction of "Thou shah not
kill" into the ears of your children until you rebel at the ballot box at the
governments of the world sanctioning
wholesale killing and condemning re-
au
China Is, Christendom would ho hut
for the agitator, who auras to apeak    tail killing.-Natlonal Rlp-Saw.
\ ^Bngf^sww' ��� ********J*\
that you
lhro tea land where tbe agitator Is s
possibility.   Dont forgot that aaita-
^**m^m99m^mat*a^tg ��� mrm**m w      a��w* mjww      ��soaaa����      way****
tion Is aft unfailing teulotttsft of Ills.
Where there m no agitation there
death   nothing Trade Bulletin.
District II, TJnitod Mine Workera of
lit
M. Langlry
Satisfaction or Money Refunded
Tailor
Largest Stock of Imported Goods
in Vancouver
Suits Made to Order
$20 Up
V
322 Hastings St. W.
Vancouver, B. C.
mV
Another batch of interior lawyers
are heading for Vancouver. Must have
heard of the voting aptitude of wage-
earners here.
The Royal Bank
Of Canada
Capital
Reserve Fund
Total  Assets
$ 8,900,000
,     4,300,000
46,400,000
Five Branches in Vancouver.
Seventeen Branches in British Columbia.
Savings Bank
At all    Branches    up-to-date;
No deUys���Prompt atten-
tion  to tho  Smallest
���*��.������.'., . ���       .<\ *b.*5i
Of
c.
f,
I
)
.
I
���
���-�����
w
.--���:
When PatrtrnWrifl Our Adwtoer* Donf Fot��et to Mention tbe Trades Unionist
��� SftKSlHV ippspps
gjjgigygyj^^^^^^
* ��� *   _
i
��
THE   B.   C.   TRADB8 UNIONIST, VANCOUVER, BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
x
���
.       ���      '
international TJypo  Tin/on
The last annual convention of the
International Typographical Union
glveo evidence of progress, snd the
"no-polltlcs" policy Is forever gone.
From a copy of the new 1909 "Book of
Laws," Just to hand, the following
significant resolutions are selected:
"That the International Union
strongly urges upon Its subordinate
bodies the necessity of providing ln
their respective 'orders of business' for
the discussion of the various phases of
the labor question."
That the local unions of the International Union in the various states
and municipalities renew their efforts
for the establishment of state and
municipal printing offices under the
Jurisdiction of local unions of the International Union."
"That aa far as possible all subordinate organizations' be urged to secure appropriate lots in the local cemeteries, wherein may find repose such
members ot the craft as drift into the
'great beyond.'"
"The International Union was the
first nnlon to demand that equal
wagea shall be paid for the same work
to both aexea ln any union office.
Recognising that industrial evolution
haa driven women in ever-Increasing
numbers Into the trades and profes-
20���Unionist. cmfwyp nupju
slons until they constitute a large percentage of the wage-earners of the
country, we believe they should have
the aame right to vote as men for the
better defense of their industrial position."
That subordinate unions, ln entering into agreements, are instructed to
secure the eight-hour workday in
preference to the forty-eight hour
week, or any plan that permits of the
time gained being deducted from any
one day, to the end that the spirit of
the shorter workday movement may
he observed."
The International Union emphatically endorses the sctlon of subordinate unions whoae scales place all com-
' posing room employee on an equality.**
���'The International Union will use Ita
influence and energy in discouraging
aiders it good policy for local unions
to provide opportunity for their members tp learn the operation of typesetting machines."
The International Union, ln convention assembled, hereby gives Its most
cordial endorsement to the Woman's
International Auxiliary, and urges all
delegates snd members of subordinate
unions to lend every encouragement to
the women in their undertaking. It is
tbe sense of the International Typographical Union that officers and members of local unions aid and encourage
the organization of woman's auxiliaries."
"That, as there are a large number
of secret and fraternal organizations
that do not use the union label on their
printing, members of subordinate
unions request organizations of which
they are members to have the union
label appear on all printed matter."
"That the International Union renews Its demand that the label shall
appear upon all text books used in
the public schools, snd subordinate
unions are directed to appoint committees to work with that end in view."   ���
"That local unions are* urged to Use
their Influence to have public libraries
in their jurisdiction use as far as practicable books bearing the label."
"That the organization of label
leagues composed of delegates from
all labor unions, and organized on the
lines of central bodies, as illustrated
by tbe Union Label League of Denver,
for the purpose of advancing the interests f all labels recognised by the
American Federation of Labor, be endorsed; and that the International
Typographical Union recommend to all
label appear upon pglnted matter."
The InternatlonaJ l|nlon urges upon
all members the advisability and
necessity of ���subscribing for the labor
press (If any'exists In their Jurlsdic
tion) ln a bod/and render further support, such as the, patronizing of Its advertisers to tho exclusion of others,
provided alao that unfair firms or merchandise is not advertised in its columns, to the-erM that the valug) of
its columns aa an advertising medium
may be fully anprecfated b% the friendly business element of .Its cogamunlty."
"Local unions are urged to sdopt, ss
far as possible, measures tending to
emphasize to apprentices within their
respective jurisdictions the Benefits
snd advantages of unwavering fealty
to the International Typographical
Union, to supply free of expense to
advanced apprentices Tbe Typographical Journal; to organise societies of
apprentices and conduct occasional
meetings of such asBfietleg, at which
��������'
a
���______
���
DEMAND
On All Printed Matter.
�����
���
���s
WILL RELEGATE BURNS.
John Burns, who waa looked upon
at one time aa the "labor loader*' of
England and as a champion of the
rights of labor, haa torn off hla mask
and demonstrated that his loyalty Is
with the class thst live upon too "lav-
ery of the Ill-paid toiling millions.
Bums haa been flattered snd netted
by the class of privilege, until he Is
now badly afflicted with what la com*
monly known aa "expansion of tho '
local officers should address Hhe mem:   _put."   The laboring people of England
have concluded that It is absolutely
���'���;���
bers on varied subjects of interest* and
Information."
Secretary ot War Wright announced
some time ago that he waa in favor of
increasing the, standing army of the
United States. vNow, in his annual re*
port to Congress,, be Is to make the
recommendation official and definite.
The nature of the proposed increase
fully Justifies our supposition thst the
measure Is Intended.; not so much to
strengthen thOtilll^'Stftfise.'for possible* war urlt^BMUl^tlons,-
necessary to remove the swelling from
Burns' head, and tho most effectual
remedy la hla relegation to political
oblivion.���Miners' Magazine.
' ���'-'
 .	
The Pacific coast building trades'
unions report little more thsn half
their membership steadily employed.
.
war
strengthen
to
capita!-
The traffic earnings of the C. P. R.
for the first week of December increased by $9000 aa compared with tho
corresponding week a year ago.   Tho
; a    . - m-ES*_T      ./  _T1    increase in the earnings of its   em-
*    laW^^>' Zf'*1* * Pteyes-more partieularj those of the
any popular dfrtlttwancSs that may rc-
ault from IBs ao%*f*y oMhe workers.
|he tyranny atf*fcw> #ssssssing Mu	
snd tho abuse off Judicial and other
sotStuaienta, Bswfrs ta tho interest
sfU��oa#itsflata^-^4m
Allied Mechanics���is not recorded by
the Associated.
subordinate unions that they use ���A^Wift,'' T-^?
-�� j-
best efforts to secure the
of such label leagues   as   aft | outlaw,;
where a subordinate union exist
"That   subordinate  UntOBu'tsV
structed   to   appoint. co��nmltteea'> OS)
health and sanitation,   whoso
shall be to Inspect all printing
in their jurisdiction, to see that
Ing health and factory acta aroj
forced, and In tho absence of sdouusto
ssnltsry protection to Units) with other
bodies In aa effort to  Improve \tbo
, ���/c����v��>f_��>;vn-t; >*��: ��� ����������
There can be no distinct change
made from reactionary and fossilised
policies of the A. F. of L. because tho
tank snd file remain in a state of
lethargy and continue to re-elect delegates possessed of mildewed snd moss-
covered ldeaa to represent them. Just
��� new long that sort of thing will coots, ttaae no man knoweth.���Max 8. Hayes.
.
mm
i
I a. .��.-.   >
?ar
I a*r ���:
the use of school hooka manufactured
aad published by the American Book ,| standard of work looms and surround^
Company, said hooks being tho prod- ^ tags.. That the Executive Council w*y
uct of cheap scab UmOr.V$^#'j&4#S m a control body to direct tho efforts
That the Inteniational ��� Unkm cotvjS-.off- said committee and Interchange *
-   :-r><^ir^^.v��^^���^^^-i^ u��� 1^ (ne ^ tho fecal*of tut.
I^BismlwisWln.*;.% ��� mj ���s.&fgrXtix m$
,JTi.That special efforts to made by of* v
memhershlpfin fgaternaLjand other or*',
������ sanitations to have all printing Bono j
under fsir conditions and**Var tho.
tUbel*    ���    /#���    .>..�������������������'.
y.���-���That tho membership give Its best *.
1 endesvosj toward persistent local label |
* BsnavWafWH.      4 UI�� WwR Vf  mm^Mm B��B>awlBB ��^_p
t;U* predacsd.sxcelleiJt resitf tsMrtier* *
���i'wtur tht xmnnpsrs hay* <0Bontr>tt��t '&
rthtlr ���Miiiti *nl iuiilttd that ifctif
SswasBBBsn
*-S*ew*C*V ,
mp0(��
PN?.!'.��
-'  '
'
..: -
�����
y
.
*
���
TUB B. d TBADI8 UNIONIST. VANCOUVIR, BRITISH COLUMBIA,
�����
"'4
Ward & Co., Ltd.
1
Seneral Jiyents Jbr
Royal Insurance Company
Limited, of London, Ehg.
(Fire and Life)
London & Lancashire Fire
Insurance Company, of
Liverpool, Eng.
Northern Assurance Company, Limited, of London
and Aberdeen.
London and Lancashire
Guarantee A Accident Insurance Co., Limited.
fl
ffire, Life, cNarine, 'Plate Glass, Boiler, 'Personal Accident, Sickness, Teams, Employer's
Liability, and all kinds of Insurance Written
Money to Loan - Estates Managed - Rents Collected
Telephone 279
Office:- Corner Hastings and Homer Sts.
UPTON   SINCLAIR'S  DEFENCE.
When a man sets odt to expose the
evils which underlie our rotten social
.system, he must be prepared for abuse
snd misunderstanding. He will be accused of notoriety-hunting, of money-
seeking, of muck-raking; ln short, he
will meet with opposition from all
those people who fatten upon 'he rottenness which he sets out to expose.
In s recent number of the New York
"Indepesdertt," Mr. Upton Sinclair,
Whoso starting exposures of capitalist
al* ifai*!
Granville and Drake Sts.
The   Best of Wines,
Liquors and  Cigars
Stri^yvWhite Help
^lie^WoTklngiiian>
House
I.e.
evils hsve brought down shoals of condemnation from the vested Interests
whom he hss attacked, defends himself and his fellow-analysts from the
charges which hsve been leveled
against them. 'The muck-rake men, I
know," says the author of the "Jungle,"
"are all men of personally clean lives
and generous hearts. . . . They
are muck-rake men, not because they
love corruption, but simply because
they hste It with an Intensity which
forbids them to think about anything
else while corruption sits enthroned.
. . . As a rule the muck-rake man
began his career with no theories, ss
a simple observer of facts known to
every person 'on the inside' of business and politics. But he followed the
facta, and the facts always lead him
to one conclusion; until finally he discovered to his consternation that he
waa enlisted in a revolt against capitalism. He Is the forerunner of a
revolution; and, like every revolutionist, ho takes his chances of victory
snd defeat If It Is defeat that comes;
It. the Iron heel wins out In tho end���
^ why, then, the muck-rake man will re*
	
Fortunately we who are Socialists
recognise that the Iron heel of capital-
lam must, ere long, be wrenched from
off the neck of the community, and
then. If not before, these men who
have told unpleasant truths, who have
revealed the ghastly realities of our
time, fearlessly and conscientiously,
will receive the praise which is due to
them���Labor Leader.
It will certainly be a spectacle for
gods and men to see Sam Gompers'
"Labor Lobby" besieging the House
of Representatives this winter, begging a victorious foe for labor legislation, with Joe Cannon as ringmaster.
Oompers' policy of "Reward our
friends and punish our enemies" does
not seem to have panned out just
right���Cannon's majority Increased to
more than 10,000 ln the district. Labor
has it in its power to seize every seat
In Congress and to enact legislation
of its own, without begging of Joe
Cannon or any other tool of plutocracy.
���Dead wood Lantern.
WARNING TO UNEMPLOYED.
We beg to advise all laboring men
to keep away from Fernie as the present market, both for skilled and unskilled labor, is badly overcrowded,
and it is to the best interests of organized labor to keep away from Fernie and district.
J. GRAVETT, President.
W. S. STANLEY, Recording Secy.
F. SHAW, Secretary-Treasurer.
L. SNOW, Vice-President
Executive  Fernie  Trades and  Labor
Council.
The number of persons "relieved" by
public charity in all the Canadian and
American cities during the last year
was greater than In any previous year
and probably twice as great as in the
year just preceding. And yet a lot of
politicians, philanthropists, and newspapers have the nerve to tell us that
all is well, that we are enjoying a remarkable degree of prosperity, that we
ought to frown down all agitation for
change. ���
Not So Wholesale as in United States.
The report on railway accidents in
the United Kingdom during 1907 shows
that in the course of that year, 1,117
persons were killed and 8,811 were injured by the movement of trains or
railway vehicles. The average for the
previous ten years was 1,1 0 persona
killed and 6,705 Injured. There were
18 passengers killed lh train accidents,
11 fatalities having occurred at a
single disaster.
360 Water St. W.
421 Cordova St. W.
Headquarers for a special line of
Underwear, Pants snd Union
Label Overalla, Smocks,
Shirs, Gloves, etc
Wiison &
{Richmond
Remember the Place
The "prosperity" wave has reached
Canada in earnest. Less than 75 per
cent, of organised labor is fully employed; about 25 per osnt. on short
time, snd the membership of unions la
Canada has easily decreased 25 per
cent, in six months, owing, primarily,
to so much "prosperity"���for tho
who owns the earth.
The Washington State Federation of
Labor will meet January 7th, 1909.
Aberdeen, so far, has the largest number of delegates elected.
Wm.
.^UVaMt^
*?.
The martial   ardor   of Germany's
ferocious war-lord hss been seriously
nialn for all tlrii* a scandalmonger and    dampened of late.   He is no longer
���SB aasassla of character.   If, on tat    allowed the privilege of Shooting off
' other hand, ho succeeds la his efforts _. his face" without l��rmlaaIos�� of'tho
/to make the. people  believe wast . chsncellor.- The only  way he can
1 ^everybody knows,' then he-will -.be-: henceforth keep his military eeujp-
. recognised la the future as-tBt bencf meat np to service conditions Is to
** tester of ale **m.*^?4&��r<& &>**T at Aome and Jaw the eld woman. 7
BttaB___AaBBflBBBBB��_f<tg����gmaBsU
rdtrofirany
Dick
has taken over the business heretofore known as WRAY &
DICK. The same high grade
of
Union Suspenders
Union Pants
Union Overalls
Union Hats
and a general line of Union Merchandise will be always on
hand.
Xmas Presents a specialty. Give
us a call and you willbesstis-
fied.
M$*M&L<
Forget to Mention tbe Trade* Unlonlst^l^^^ 9
,
1
i
sSPP
������..:'( ���
THI  aV  C.   TRADES UNIONIST, VANCOUVER. BRITISH COLUMBIA.
BBBBB
'
I I
I
>.>,
David Spencer
(VANCOUVER)
Limited.
Our aim is to carry a stock of all
kinds of good Dry Goods, Women's
Ready - to - Wear Garments, Millinery,
Men's Furnishings and House Furnishings to suit tbe laboring man.
We realize that through the medium of fair prices and best goods our
business has been established���and that
will be our policy to the end.
/
9
DAVID SPENCER
(VANCOUVER)
LIMITED.
.
The congress' executive committee
for the province of Alberta for 1909
Is as follows: F. H. Sherman, vice-
president���Box 145, Tabor, Alta.; Geo.
Howell���Box 146, Tabor, Alta.; John
Harrison���Box 1243, Calgary, Alt*.;
Thos. E. James, Norwood, Edmonton,
Alta.
fl Are you particular
about your laundry?
If you are telephone
2800 and give us a
call
i
One of the leading German daily
papers declares that "Kaiser Bill" is
crazy. His dementia has taken the
form of Intense religious zeal. He
spends hours ln bed, reading pious
books, or on his "prle-dlen" (whatever
sort of a contraption that Is), saying
prayers that are hours long. Things
are coming to a pretty pass when not
even a "Kaiser" can become well
jagged with religious fervor without
being considered insane.
������
The big factory of the Elgin Watch
Company of Elgin, 111., has closed
down far ten days owing to lack of
trade. The management announces
the probability of another shut-down
early In the new year and for an Indefinite period. It seems . that the
workers during the lato lamented days
of prosperity stocked up so fully with
watches of gold and watches of silver
that they won't need any more for
aome time to come.
'AR STEAM
���������-. \A< h
VANCOUVER. B. C
The Union has been a moral stimulus, as well as a material aid to the
worker; It haa appealed to him to develop his faculties and to think for
himself; to cultivate self-reliance and
learn to depend upon himself; to sympathise with and aupport his fellow-
workera, and make their cause hla
own.���Eugene V. Debs.
The annual convention of District 15
of the United Mine Workers of America, was held In Denver last week and
was attended by about forty delegates.
The delegates discussed ln detail the
condition that exists throughout the
district and completed arrangements
for a more thorough organisation of
the coal miners.
The final results of the elections for
members of the national council, ln
Switzerland, show the new makeup of
thst body to be aa follows: Radicals,
104; Cat holies, 34; Liberals, 16; Socialists, 7; Democrats, 5; and Independent, 1. Although the Socialists
lost ln Geneva, they gained five seats
In the general result, each of the other
parties losing one.
Carnegie believes "tbe problem of
Capital and Labor would be solved
through a profit-sharing plan, which
would make all men laborers and all
men capitalists." That would he fine,
especially during times of prosperity,
when all could live from the profit
alone and would not need to work at
all.
The Sept., 1909, convention of the
congress is to be held at Quebec, P. Q.
It Is conceded by Canadian unlanlete
that the 1910 convention will come
west. The 1906 convention took place
at Victoria.
President Lewie of th�� United Mine
Workers of America, with headquarters at Indianapolis, declares he wHI
expose a few enemies' of the labor
movement before his campaign for re*
election is finished.
So long aa even hut one man, woman or child la misapplied with everything necessary to comfort and well-
being, there can be no such thing as
"overproduction.'*
Here la a pointer for working class
housewives: Mrs. Howard Gould haa
testified in court that any woman, with
economy, can get along on $76,000 a
year.   And she ought to know!
In referring to the late banquet of
the "Civic Federation'' where labor
leaders and other politicians like Gompers and Taft got their lega under
the mahogany together In friendly eon*
course, a local dally, to big headlines,
says the "Lion sad lamb alt down to
meat together." Mils Is niisleadl
The Hon snd jackals sat down to mast .     The next convention of the Western
together.   The lambs were st work    Federation of IT
In the factories and shops producing    Denver, Colo., on
for the teaamkmmo^^m-        of July. 1909.
���fc��r %? bvi9Usf aa
t5^I!S^^^^JI_^^*^^^^^*^^^
'������i':^,~ '
Machinists
Founders
Blacksmiths
i
Manufacturers of  Canning and Mill
Machinery
Gaaoline Engines, a and 4 Cycle
142 to 198 AleianrW St.
Vancouver, B. C.
��� I I ���   I II ��� I   !������
Secretary P. M. Draper, Ottawa, wss
the congress' fraternal delegate to the
recent A. F. of L. convention, held st
Denver, Colo. .,'
-
hpfm
���
We&uy the best t
for this store*
the reason we buy Camp^
belt's Clothing; bee,
r^bestm-^M^^
��� v.,,   B^fflB
Suits $18 lo$ffl
!
To avoid the product of unsanitary
Chinese sweat-shops, wage-earners
should demand the Garment Workers'
Union Label; made In Vancouver by
white union labor.
.rcoats
m
Hi
"
""the aeco^M^nd*1
CLOTHIERS M
������Wfi
m. FLACK BLOCK
When Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Forget to Mention the Trades Unionist
'!ril
mf ���JFVYiZ'j
mf.
ma%.9*��� TMI  B.  a  TAADtt UNIONIST, VANCOUVER, BRITISH OOLUMBlA,
it
c
I
The Vancouver Trades and Labor Council has decided by unanimous resolution to
in the pending munrcip^t^ampaign. Election '^ppe*ls"jfe accqpted as advertising mc
i in i hi i     ������im  i     in. ii    "7^ ' ���    ������������p���,
.
���^ <Yl
mmm.
Your Vote and Influence Solicited
C. S. Douglas
FOR MAYOR FOR 1909
Mr. Douglas has been a resident of Vancouver for
20 years, he is the owner of real estate in all parts of
the City his business has made him familiar with every
section, and he will give us a progressive, safe and
clean administration.
FOR ALDERMAN
Ward I
Jlferdert
jCockwood
-- ���' "
Your Vote and
influence Solicited
Herbert Lockwood, who has been
for ten years in the city and was formerly manager of the Monsona Bank,
is seeking the suffrages of the voters
of Ward I. Added to his experience as
manager of the bank, Mr. Lockwood Is
able to make a careful and expert survey of the civic finances, and the electorate would not make any mistake
by returning Mr. Lockwood ln the ensuing election. '
V
Ha hss come from the farm snd cabinet shop;
through so educational and successful business lite, snd a long experience in aldennanic
and public labors to the present electors of
Vancouver, to ask them to place him in the
������*;������'- Mayor's chsir.
Y        <    ��� ���   ��� ��� ������    >
-���j r��� 1������ 1.
pi      .
' -    '   ' -
���    .; ,
I ���   - V '      .', >-<.alSw'   ���*!  .
___
ssB '   ���
m
aanansi
FOR MAYOR
EX-MEMBER BOARD OF
WORKS, POLICE COMMITTER CHAIRMAN BRIDGE
AND FIRI COMMITTEES
A REGULAR ATTENDANT
��*.���
*���- r
ASKING A GENEROUS SUPPORT, I REMAIN..   . /
Vow, Since*.* .fZ^p^L,
WALTER-
\
if X
���
1
Y%&
/
>����tas4Mr.
��� ���>
ww
'***��
������*�����-.    ��
For Ma
' -> ^r
i. m. $m
For the past live years a member of the City Coujs*".'
cil and thoroughly acquainted with Vau*/^--
couver Municipal affair*
_a   -     .-."'.      "
'
HEARTILY IN SYMPATHY WITH A FAIR
WAGE PROPOSITION ON ALL
1   ,     ' n
f'y
V
WORKS OR CONTRACTS
YOUR VOTE AND INFLUENCE
SOLICITED -;
v-
Si
I   . M**
When Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Foroet to Mention the Trades Unionist ���'    -
���pa
.. Y
THI   B.   C.   TRADIS UNIONIST
'���^SW^*' K5v ' ;*��� j^!*5??1bbbbbbbb1
.        B -> - ' .
INIONIST. VANCOUVIR,  BRITISH  COLUMBIA.
������
������
���
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL
r ,
Officers, Committees, Delegates���WKo They Are, When They Meet,
and Their Addresses.
i
OFFICERS    OF
IiABOK
TRAIffS     AND
Street Railway Employees.
S. Thompson 346 Barnard
No. 1 Branch Amalgamate Carpenters���Alternate Tuesday.
^Meets  1st and 3ns    luaisdays
Labor Hall at ��� a. m.
in
R. P. Pettipiece. 2138 Westminster Av.
PhoS*>26*7.
Barbers.
C. E. Hewitt....Grotto, Granville St
ess. Lear  .Atlantic j   Briggs Builders*  Laborers���Alternate
J. E. Cameron, Metropole Barber Shop j. A   Aicken..... .346 Barnard St.
Geo. Debalt    .. ��� ��� ��� F. A. Hoover. .513 Westminster Ave.
Builders'  Laborers. ��  Lenpesty 232 Lansdowne Ave.
H. Sellars  1790 Albert St. Structural  Iron  Worker*.
.. .346 Barnard
Br..
J. A. Aicken	
^ flgVial
m     sVJar^p Cowan   . .....8SS Homer St.
S I
A. R. Burns... fcabor Hall
A I   bra.  17SS Albert St.
(Phone Bl9ti.#
.\~ . Ekrgcant-At-Arsas.
V ��aV KSt^ighan 620 Twelfth Ave. E.
l&secwtlve Owisstttee.
A*** S oaDcera an* W. W. Sayer, 847
Ho��fjer; f. W. Dewier.. 2428 Scott; J.
Get W. Wyjiams 541 Robson St.
Executive meets  evening, preceding Trgjg* and Labor Council ineet-
tng ln Labor Halt* ft t p. m.
Organization Committee.
j. fk) Aiken. 346 Barnard
4. H. Ley. ,, 569 Hornby
R. Craig M16 Georgia
ttee.
W. Bowler 2848"*Scott
V. Say<*.  847 Homer
E. C. Kffg^BS 1333 Keefer
P. Heays 1836 Triumph St.
G. Payne 159 Lansdowne Ave.
A. ��enton..�� 557 Grove Ave.
xammmm* b ��   9ifi Barnard
W. King '. ."��� 695 Cambie
. .t^jil H. Lay........ 669 Hornby
'*���;/?.  Masts second aad fonrth  Thursdays la Labor Hall.
G. Payne 159 Lansdowne Ave.
(Phone A1214.)
John Sully  1885 Eighth Ave. W.
R. A. Stalker 976 Hastings E.
R. Forrest 309 Westminster Ave.
Building Trades Alliance.
J. G. Smith	
J. Duncanson 629 Westminster Av.
Brewery Workers.
T. A. Bell 228, 9th Ave. E.
Cigarmakers.
A. B!ee Mainland Cigar Factory
R, Craig 116 Georgia St.
W. Jardine Mainland Cigar Factory
Civic Employees.
R. Morrison 320 Georgia
J. Clarke 1009 Burrard
E. W. King 695 Cambie
* Cooks and Waiters.
H.  Harder 150 Hastings .St
C. Davis 150 Hastings B.
A. J. Arnason 150 Hastings E.
J. H. Perkins 150 Hastings E.
H. J. Forshee 150 Hastings E.
Commercial Telegraphers.
H. Phillips P.O. Box 432
J
A. Foote P.O. Box 1196
Stone Cutters.
J. Bateman Epworth, P. O.
W. Mills 648 Granville St.
Typographical.
R. P. Pettipiece. .2138 Westm'r. Ave.
A. R. Burns Labor Hall
J. C. Wilton Evans A Hastings
H. Cowan 880 Homer St.
H. Neelauds 603 Thurlow St.
% Tailors.
J. H. Ley  569 Hornby
F. Perry
Electric     Picture     Operators���Every
Tuesday morning.
Quarrymen���First Wednesday.
Barbers���First and third Wednesday.
Bricklayers and  Masons���First and
Third Wednesdays.
Plasterers���First and Third Wednesday.
Stereotypers���Second Wednesday.
Lathers���Second  and   Fonrth  Wednesday.
United Bro. Carpenters���Second and
fourtia Wednesday.
Electrical  Wire   Workera���No.   213
meets-2nd. and 4th. Tuesdays.   No.
621 meets Snd. and 4th. Wednes
days.
A. Paterson  . '  Leather Workers���First Thursday.
W. A. Mclnnis 790 Granville    Trades and Labor Council���First and
Garment Workers.
Mrs. Walker. .W.J. McMaster A Son
Nicholson    Scotland Woolen Mills
Blacksmiths.
T. Hanafin   326 Hastings E.
B. Watts  	
J. Outhett   250 1-2 Barnard
Boilermakers.
Frank Heays.... .1836 Triumph St.
Angus Fraser 1167 Howe St.
third Thursday.
Pile Drivers���First and third Thurs-,
day- ' *t*4
Garment Workers���Second Thursday.
Cigar Workers���Second Thuraday.
Laundry    Workera ��� Second    sad
Fourth Thursdays.
Tailors���Fourth Thursday.
Parliamentary Committee ��� Second
and fourth Thursdays.
Bridge and Structural Iron Workera
i��� First and third Fridays.
Pressmen���First Friday.   ��
Civic Employees���Second snd fourth
Theatrical  Stage  Employees.
A. N. Harrington 401 Harris St.
W. Shields        j. Percy  ,\         Fridays.
..   a.   B. *. Pattern Makers���Third Friday,
Electric Picture. Operators.
A. Bard  	
X
Electrical Wire Workers.
Ji? ������ 2*.
;. > JbbXEGATES TO TUAttES COUNCIL
S��. W. Sayer. 687 Homer St.
^C�� Clayton ....���������.. 1286 Hornby
%4\ B. Gordon., .j/���
E. C. Knight 1333 Keefer St.
M. Harger Hotel Delmonico
Geo. Jenkins Epworth P O.
Iron Moulders.
John Base 	
L. Hllalebraud .�����������..������������a.......
M. B. Curtis 891 Princess St.
Leather Workers.
W. G. Ward..   209 Prior
Laundry Workers.
Granite Cutters���Third Friday.
Iron Moulders���Fourth Friday.
Letter Carriers���Second Saturday,
UNIONS    MEETING    AT    LABOR    Bakers���Second  and   fourth   Satur-
HALL  AND DATS   OF days.
MEETING. i *  ,
8 THAT DO HOT MEET AT
Bartenders���First Sunday afternoon
and third Sunday evening.
Commercial Telegraphers ��� Second
Sunday morning.  -���tt
Theatrical Stage Employees���Second    Painters���Plumbers* Hall, SIS
LABOR HALL.
i
Sunday
,.
-
j^fvr.'OSa. Rothney ;.��.'���_.���911 Richards
.j % *���''"�����-' rjampbeii �����.,	
iaran&** ^ ....  ��������������'��. _# _- ____.	
W. rtoberts Cascade Laundry   Typogrsphlesl���lAst Sunday.
J. Scott. Pioneer, Laundry
of
S. Kernighan . .SAO Twelfth Ave. E.
2428 Scott St
Boilermakers���First and third Mon- Wedne
MwPowe11 Pioneer Laundry   B^Mfiy   Carmau-Flrrt   sua   <*��**> $
third Monday.
Sheet   Metal   Workers���First   snd
C. Sfatteson 832 Helmcken St    Allied '
St. E.     A. Fenton ...' 557 Grove St.
Cornwall    A. Beasley .........664 Sixth Ave.
bis St. Every Tuesday.
Plumbers���SIS   Cambie   St.
Machinists.
Musicians.
.    }
u Monday,
T. Turner ..... ..������.,..,.. ��� ��� .t* ��� <��������.��
******* Waverley Hotel
1. W. Wllljgans 64lJRujson
Quinto Hotel �����
TT; Glasicow Hotel
, I. McWhlnnie
 616 Dunlevy St *- H- cl***l ��� ;
jonnson 	
E. Every Friday.
Employees   Odd
Second and Fourth Wed-
cians���Corner Robson sad Gran
ville, Second Sunday.
Branch     Amslgsmsted    Car-
ud     and. penters���Meets alternate Mondays
iourin rnesoay. at 652 Granville,
..*..   B^kblnders- K^.Twsdsy^- . No. S   Branch    Amalgamated   Csr-
Federal Union No. 2S-Thlrd Tuok pentera-Meet. alternate Mondays
622 Princess St    Maintenance   of  Waymen ��� Third at ****** ** 8eventh avenue aad
 W.*mm:       Tuesday. GrsnTiUsSt
When Patronizing Our Advertizers Don't Forget to Mention the Trades Unionist
���Si

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