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The British Columbia Retailer Mar 2, 1921

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Array 204
•'The End of a Perfect Day"
flMadc from finest flavoured cane sugar, ;i special grade of which is imported for the
flPut up in all sizes of packages to suit your customers* requirements,
flln packages designed to beautify your store.
2-lb. tins, 24 to a case. 10-lb. tins, 6 to a case.
5-lb, tins, 12 to a case. 20-lb. tins, 3 to a case.
Perfect Seal jars, 12 to a case.
The British Columbia Sugar Refining Go. Ltd.
Com bins tion Fountain snd Refrigerator
Iit-lp  V urseli
Our  Combination   Automatic   Fountain   and
Refrigerator in use.
Hunter Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
Automatic Fountains & Refrigerators
I 14 Water St., Vancouver, B.C.
Sevmour 6142
Homo of the
Hunter MtV Co., Ltd
Store and Shipping Room. 206
You will find it easy to speed
up your sales if you will cooperate with our advertising
Our newspaper advertising campaigns for the coming
year addressed to the housewife are unusually strong
in appeal, particularly those for ROYAL STANDARD
Flour and and WILD ROSE delicious Pastry Flour.
The difference between these two products—the one
from the hard kernelled wheat and the other from soft
wheat, is pointed out in forcible manner, the advantages being shewn from the standpoint* of both satisfactory baking results and economy. Rooks showing
these campaigns are in preparation and wo shall be
pleased to forward you copies when they are completed,
These will show you what we are doing to heip you
sell these products and how you can help us to help
Royal Standard
This slogan will be backed up by strong "reason wh>"
advertising, showing the housewife how this splendid
flour is made from "the beet of the beet wheel" Th •
modern milling processes by which thin superlative
quality is attained will be shown by drawings ot ths
machinery, the interior of th»> various units, and of the
laboratory. The food Qualities srill be emphasised aw
will the cleanliness of the processes
Wild Rose Pastry Flour
Tin* appetite appeal will be emphasised in thi* mm
paign. The richness of the Hour and the economy of
its use Instead of ordinary flour f<>r pastry
She Will Ask for These Flours -Will You
Give Thorn to Her?
Vancouver Milling & Grain Co., Limited
Branches: Victoria, Nanaimo, New Westminster. Mission City.
Agencies: Duncan, Courtenay, Langlcy Prairie. Cloverdale, Ladner.
-Makers of
The " Standard " Paper Bag
Phone Sey. 781
And of the following lines:—
Greaseproof Paper Pie Plates
Ice Cream Plates
Oyster Pails
Wrapping Paper
Toilet Paper
Phone Sey. 781
■ • ..i Monthly.
1 >1 n   ! M. ORG \N OF B.C. BOARD
A MONTHLY JOl KN Al. pub!    ed in thi interest of Retail Merchan-
■ in \V. stem ('anada.
hfj i g and the 1 te\ elopn i nt ot I 'on
81 lis- RJPTION H \'i I    Twi  I      rs I er V'ear p
K '.,« r';M«iK   l;a!<*  OS   A; IJ I    I til
In advance
£d<*or:   \\    T   HUGO
Pubi>»her»   PROGRESS Pt-BUSHINO I 0   LTD
Ti h ■.•*. :.•     ■        ir 3861
XII  So 6.
KKIIRI U{Y   1921
Vancouver, B.t
The ampaign which the manufac-
hirers bureau initiated is not par-
a I :.i! in ,' i character or design, it
^ Provincial wide in its scope. Some
|»odv had to take the initiative and
THE DUTY OF THE PUBLIC AND    uninie the responsibility for launch-
ing the drive, Bi&l the Boajrd of
j'radi assumed the obligations, l>ui
iu d ii..' so it was distinctly under
hfood  that  the movement  was not
Thai *H<- j»i oplt< ol Bi Utah I
ia bold '!:'- key to ii,;   tl ial pi•s
. ■ Ity  of tlo'ir Pro*< inc , and « an
i nek the dooi o! gl   mi and ! <sl
k depression al <s the coi
ti ntion   of   those   iup| 11 ;,i|K
Made in  U''."  i an
!   »    I
ll   whtrii
for the benefit 01 any particular lo*
,,,' \y, or section of the Province, bu!
for the good of every portion of
• ■,?:• i-,r» Columbia,
Th< re are, according to the estimates of the Provincial Government,
.,;,;,(uin persons resilient in the
Province today. Business directories ral 'ttlate thai the population is
a great deal larger than this total.
There    arc    approximately    1,700
was  recent!)   inaugurated   b>   th**
manufaetureni bureau of tin* \ au
»uver Board of Trade. Instead ol
having nil.- no n walking the streets
i search for employment, every in
d us trial plant in the Province can
be placed in a position where 'here
in need of additional workers. Such manufacturing plants ,,..British Co-
are the poaaibilttics of the campaign, Inmbia, the majority of which are
,, i i,   ,   , ,  ail smal eoneerns. niese industries are
>i  ih argued,  in  appealing  to an smau , ,,„i,., i Ait
i r .i .     ,     , o  Kn iii'iuulacturtiii* several  hundred Q1I-
* lasses of the community to get u< lll'"1!U'1 ."'    * .     ,.       „,,
i ,. i  .» J       i .  ;»   .. ferenl   Hies   o    nierchainli.se.     1 lie
bind the movement and make it a •'■ ' ,  '  ... .   ., ,,„.•„  ,.,.„
mMm residents  oi   British  Columbia  are
mi       , , ,-        .„„,. ,l'iil\   nurchascrs oi these lines, but
Ihese hopes and aspirations ma.\ nan*   pui   »«
, f        , • • ii    i,„t n-c   showing   preference   to   the
al first glance lecm impossible, but are   mu.mi j   ,
.i      .     , •    ,       ii ,i,,r articles  broilffllt   trom  otliei   manu-
arc  thevl      t   ihe  develonmeu   oi •■'" lL° 	
i, • ■ .      . . :i - P««.ftii*inff   !oe;»ities   m   competition
British Columba, and the proapent*, rat urn    n«.,u ■
r ., . ,  .,      n       ;,   ,     ,„,, with  the  home-made gOOdS.     It   IS 10
"f the ivsnleiiis o  the Provinee ean wuh ><• {t  ,    t)l(1 ;
i                  ,   .                      i       ,■   .,    ia Boenre the home markets toi  me lube assured by concerted action, is aeuir i»,. >..;„,,,, lhn, the
,  ■, ' . nvtiies   ol   the   I rOVlUCo   inai   me
it not worth the effort to attempt it diiatlies
. ,    _* **»*<    tiibv  Make This Official Publication
Deal  With  Our Advertisers.    Tliey  wane
campaign lias been started. In this
the co-operation of the retail merchant, and the purchasing public U
being solicited.
In advancing the plea for preference for those articles manufactured
in British Columbia, the organizers
of the campaign intend that it shall
be on a business basis. To this end
the manufacturer is being told that
his products must be able to meet
the requirements of the trade; that
they must compare favourably with
those manufactured in Eastern and
foreign markets. This being the case,
the sentimental appeal—or rather
the further husiness appeal—is being made to the purchaser to study
his own interest in choosing his
That the interest of the individual
is best served by keeping his money
circulating in his own neighbourhood
as far as possible, is the gospel that
the campaign workers are seeking to
instil into the minds of the individuals who make up the population
of British Columbia. The old idea
that goods can be sold on sentiment
alone bas been discarded, for the
practical theory that the purchaser
is entitled to obtain the best possible
value for his money.
The psychology of buying is a peculiar and difficult matter to understand. For some reason those goods
offered for sale at a distance appear
to be the more attractive. It is
this strange lure of distance that
induces the individual to ignore the
offerings of the merchant of his acquaintance for these of mail order
houses. And the retailer in his turn,
taking the place of the buyer, is too
often inclined to follow the lead of
his erstwhile customer, and send his
money past the door of the neighbouring factory to the till of a manufacturer in a far-off community,
in which the merchant has no personal interest.
Now let us see how it works out.
Rvery dollar that is spent over the
retail counter represents a contribution to labour. In its turn labour
supports the professional man, and
those who furnish the social and
commercial requirements of the
worker. And the whole provide the
market for the farmer and for the
When a commodity is sold in a
store it represents employment given
to some worker. That worker either
resides in the Provinee in which tin-
sale is made, or in some other portion of the world. By endeavouring
to sell those commodities produced
in, his own Province the merchant is
Possible at $2.00 a Year.
". 208
ant shares.
To what extent a single sale re-
fleets on the community, let it be
considered that a pair of men's shoea
helping to give employment to an tatoes brought from another country, people of British Columbia ean open
individual 'whose presence in the Or considerable attention might be the door of gloom and flood thr
country  adds  to  the  prosperity  of called to the custom ot the residents Province with the bright light of m
he conimunty, in which the merch- of British Columbia of telling of duatriftl prosperity.    They can do
the glories of the sunny Okanagan more, for they can help their COUn-
and the manner in which they rusii try and Empire.
to buy the canned peaches brought Today   Canada's   money   is   .lis
here from California just a few days counted in the markets of the world,
are being purchased.  Theshoe clerk before the British Columbia crops -md the British Empire is in the hu*
obtains a portion of the proceeds oJ «lI'<' preserved. miliating position of having to ask
the sale for his wages.   The teamster Labor is not the only beneficiary for an extension of time OU the pay
who carted the shoes to the shop in the sale of a manufactured pro* ment of ber debts to her chief credi-
secures a percentage for bis labour, duct    Each  sale pays its share  lo tor    debts that   were contracted   in
The boot  and shoe  workers  who the expenses of Government   to the protecting  the   democracy   of   the
handled, stitched, pegged and cut public works of some state.   When civilised world    And Canadians arc
the material for the shoes arc paid a commodity which has been brought importing from that creditor at the
a proportion of it.   The employees into this province to compete with rate of $115 a head per annum,  Can
of the box factory where the carton the local article is sold, the proceeds ada's  money   is  cheapened   today
was made arc given work to supply go to swell the sales on which the not  by the money  kingl of United
paper   boxes   to   the   shoe   factory, manufacturer   in   another   country States,  but  by  Canadians  who  buy
while the printers are paid for pro- pays taxes. more than ihey sell to the republic,
ducing the labels for the boxes.  The ••Figure it out on a straight busi- Kadi one ean pay his Individual
wood  box  workers  who   make  the neag pasjs   as a business man    and part by purchasing first those goods
crates and packing cases also profit then ask yourself if it would not be that are made in B.C.; failing to ***el
from the sale.   And so it goes on to your individual interest to see the satisfaction, then those of Canada.
and on. adding to the employment industries nf British Columbia pros-
given, and to the propcrity of the
community in  which  the  article is
This example—the price of a singe
and by asking for the products of
pert"    This is' the proposition that     the Kmpin- ai a last resourci   before
is being put up to every person, lie    accepting those whieh are manufac
is being asked to decide   not on a    tured in foreign lands.
question "f sentiment, but as a mat-
pair of shoes—may seem small.    It    ter of cold bard business.
is when the one sale is considered,
but the aggregate is large—very
large. It is calculated that it costs
just about $8,600,000 annually to
provide footwear for the men and
boys (over the age of 15 years) in
British Columbia. It represents direct employment for more than i».-
000 boot and shoe workers.
Are those 3,000 men  and women
And what does it mean to th-'
Province! dust this. For every one
of the 555,000 persons in British Columbia purchases are made for then-
daily requirements.   An increase <-f    to you.
The  Traffic   l» part in en I   of  th
\l M \  • xists for a defii ite purpose
and w.  want it to be of real Bervice
Your freight payments, during a
\ ear **   tum-   amount   to   a   b»t   ol
but 25 cents a day represents $138,
Tod    more  than $41,000,000 yearly
it means   on the basis of 50 per cent money and unless j ou are in possi ii
of the selling price represents labour won ol the railway company's tar-
costs—directly or indirectly   a dis- iffs,  and  understand  iiow   to   use
and their families the customers of    tribution of $69,375 daily, or the them, it is absolute!) impossible for
equivalent of 12,613 workers at an you to discover overcharges,
average wage of $5.50. The billing clerks of the various
Is it worth trviir* for   worth at- railway companies, being human, are
their merchandise many thousands   temptingl   Is it' reasonable to sup- constantly  making  mistakes,  as  is
of miles away from the counters of    ,10Se that the merchants of British evidenced by  the number 0f over-
the merchants of British Columbia.    Columbia and the buying public can charges we are finding from time
It is the same with cigars.   Every     co-operate to the extent  of cutting to time.    If the  mistake  is against
the retail merchants of British Columbia? Two or three hundred of
them are,  but  the other 2.700 buv
year the men  of  British  Columbia    in on the import  trade to onlv th
smoke about 26,000,000 cigars. Then
are thirteen factories making cigars
extent of 25 eents a head daily?
But in the campaign which is now
in British Columbia. They employ under way the manufacturers want
all told less than 100 bands. Yet further co-operation from the merch-
between 500 and G00 men are given ants and from the public. Th.ey
steady work producing the smokes
for British Columbia.
Do/ens of illustrations  could   be
want to know how they ean improvi
the railway company, the) generally
find it and collect the undercharge,
whereas  if the  mistake  is against
yOU, ll  is up to \ mi  to «|is 'over and
collect the overcharge. The verj
purpose of tins department is to find
these overcharges and recover then;
their products to give satisfaction to     from   the  railways.
liCt us audit your freight bills for
the buying public.    The manager of
given, but the two mentioned should    the campaign is asking that criti* it ia just possible that you have I n
suffice.   It could be shown how the    c.sms of the products of |',c. be overcharged    We are asking you to
made in confidence to his office, in do your part m order thai we may
oi'der   lhal   the   manufacturer   con-     be of real service to you.    .lust   as
soon  as   you   have   finished   reading
residents of British Columbia whib
bragging about the wonderful agri
cultural possibilities of the Province    cerned may have the opportunity of
spend their good money forces im-    remedying any defects in his product    this get 'vour freight  lulls togcthct
ported from the Orient and  I n.led      hat weakens il in competition with    and   nu.,1   or   express   the,,,   to   lb •
l(. .M. A.    Send m all the lulls you
jive on hand, the
1080   of   recent    (|
States; how they praise the pluck the imported goods
!n^Zr^/)if?H'fanm',7V,10,fr0(;S      By?°-?Pe^ive action between the   ,., M!111I1 , „„.   ;,  v, , .,
into our woods to carve out and cul- manufacturer and the retailer, and    those of recent dale    \>\,i: \SK DO
tivate his homestead—and eat po- the   retailer  and  the   public,  the
lave on hand, the old ones as well us ^mmmmmmm
Important Deputation Meets Attorney General
All Retail Merchant! Who Give Credit Will Obtain Valuable Concessions If Suggested Small Debts Amendments Are Approved
,. tailer** extending credit m ail    and immediate past president of this   on within the Province anv work or
. ti of i'» I . will be greatly inter-
ded in the effort being made bj
business in or about  the industries
Ashwell,  department     of  mining,  foundries ami  machine
B.M.A.  through the Provincial    store proprietor of Chilliwaek, and    Bhops, lumbering, shipbuilding, pulp
Executive to secure amendments to    mayor oi that town, also vice-presi-    and paper mills, or fishing, shall, at
'..■ Small Debts Court Act, snd I     dent of tl i organization. least as often as semi-monthly, pay
Piano (
i  Attachment <>f Debts A     ■
.•.;< aMer j*,.r iioui '" collect dc
ii nt .<■■  otittls Til s   an   ndmenl
i. be* n the iuI ijc * for dis  tssioi
oo*« ent ions oi the B.C Board fo
:.'-■  p.»s'   • v, .  '.ears,  bat   it  was not    don's,
Mr.  I'   H   Kent, oi  the  Kent    to each and every employee engaged
>i \ ancouver and V*i<
treasurer of the B.(
- Association.
in or about the work or business carried on by the person or corporation
whether by w;iv of manual labour or
Mr. VV. Ballard, of .Messrs. (lor-    otherwise, all wages and salary earn-
ed  by  the employees to a day  not
mill now   iiiat inc i v   uu\ e   sn ■
■ . ■. sight al se urin ..* I hi  n salts
sired    1? will b   not4 d ll al tin
:'."><■ spared no effort on tins
aston ll ••" < oul I reas na h asdsi
" • m in their quest, as each   i d •
ier travel    i I   Vici iris u
• ■ son to help lb • Proi i   al Siere
ta'v  present the ease for tl i   Asso
ition,   A gratifying ii     ent ol thi
snti  A
'   so"
Mr. Q D Christie, boot and ahoc more than eight days prior to the
•   Victoria date of payment, provided that in
. sd lition to the respective busi- the case of mines to which the 'Coal
tes which these gentlemen repre- Mines Regulation Act1 applies, the
. '   '     lire aiso on official depu- payment   to ■employees  shall   be  at
the British Co- least  as often  as  fortnightly  and
: ol the Retail .Merch- shall be made on a Saturday.'
tion of Canada, number- -i,,   actual   practice   these   two
nty-one branches, scat- statutes become mutually destruc-
ughout   the   length   and ,1Vr in so far as the collection of
■ r   «■' littpi   has   the   ■   ■•:■■',
• ■ al mis "'-";   ■• ing from the Vic«
toria ret   I merehanta, this I   ■ - *■ ■
■ ■     ps    n that a deputation fr itn
\ •>  ■ iation t as b< en able to in
de tn its personnel rets
ants from lh< capital tsiiy Tl ■ d< pu
I iti •  ■       wun : I j thi   Itti n .■
(letters! t bat th ir pi oposai h enn ;
quite reasons       and assurance w ss
riven ll al an opportunity w uld b
u i io give - ffi ct lo thi ir wish •
; n ng  the  present  session  of the
i ■■ • ii :.  ire
Tl t* d.
m    breadl
i ii n
ii I re]
this Province, and inciud- small  debts by  process of Attaeh-
bersliip all the leading ment  is concerned, for the reason
tentative retail establish- that an employee of an industrial
establishment   of any  sort  who  iv
rposi  for which we wait ceives his pay at more frequent in-
i is Io carry out an instruc- ttrvals than once a month, rarely
riven at the Annual Convention pets more than $40.00 at any one
if  thin   Association,   held   in   New Illu,.  Sl) that he is permanently ex-
Westminster, in 1920, which instruc- empted  from  the provision of the
tion  seeks  certain  amendments to Garnishee clause.
xistingb rislation. As these amend- -A case thal wjU iiiusti*ato this
,1 s   II)
nn !;• \ an  of so simple a character
lhe time taken in the presentation
of our ease need not be very long, .
, i ,. , ,   .... , ,„„ ,   „Mj     eeivmg remuneration at the rate 01
►rder to sa\ e time, anci
is as follows:
"A   typographical   operator,   re
Mr   ihnry   Hall   barr »tt r and ex
•' '. A  f'»r Viet  • ia  w ho assist" d tin
tl ill Ion   coiihi
>  Mil
' eertain |c !  ! aspects of tl
tl it is in O
set il •• matter before you as clear-
as ma\  be that we commit our-
|v ps to w riting.
•■I 'I nntcr 57 of the 'Small Debts
■ lion from the point of view of the    Court  Act   under taction do reaos
le ral  mind     Mr   Hal 's assistance   in pari as follows:
was very \ alu ible and did mu 'h to
»eeure the favourable eonsideratioi
of   the   Ati«»rne\ General   ior   the
amendments asked for
The followinc is the text o\ the
i i
$35,000 a week, was sued in the
Small Debts Courts for the payment
of an account amounting to $26,00.
A Garnishee summons was issued at
the same time, but the creditor was
unable  to   recover  his  account  and
was also compelled to pay the cost
Provided always that no debt    of the action, because exemption of
•10 OH  was   claimed   bv   the  debtor
it  .; 'cruui i"
Uue to a mechanic
workman, labourer, servant clerk em*-    and  allowed   by  the  Small, Debts
nlovi ■• for or in respect oi his salary    Court magistrate.
'Retailers,   who  are   the   people
i r v. a res shall be liable to seizure or
memorandum    presented    by    Mr,   attachment  under this Act. unless mostly concerned in this matter of
Hougham, the Provincial neerctary;    the debt exi da the sum ol forty 8ma]| ^ebts, and who frequently ex-
dollars, in case the judgment debtor t(M1(| tn individuals or heads of fan*
'° *** HononraMf the Attornej     jg R  marri(H*  per80n  or one upon ili(,Si ,-,,„„ motives of sympathy be-
(,r'1,:n'1    Provincial   Legislature,   whom another or others is depend- cailse the wage earner may be oitheP
Victoria, B.C,                              enj   for support, and  the sum  ol su.i-   0r  out   of  employment,  ask.
"The   delegation   present   before    twent) dollars should the judgment through this deputation, that they
you  Includes the following gentle    debtor be a single person, and then m;iv oe afforded the protection that
only to the extent oi the excess. (|)(>v  (,|;|jm   Wftg orig^inally  intended
"Chanter 7:1 of the 1917 Statutes, under the garnishee clause, and we,
Section 2. reads in part as follows: therefore offer the following amend*
■ ■Subice! t > Section 3 every per- ment   for  the   favourable  eonsidera-
' (| everv corporation carrying tion of your Department:
" Mr. M .1  Phillips, men's furnish
iiigs dealer of \Tev Weatminster
"Mr     (|,     II      MeKobblC.    of    tic
Walk 'her  Boot  Shop,  Vancouver,
son jiiui
You   HSVS  Not  Rcid  This Journal
Until You   Have Studied the Advertisements,
I      i
I    i
i 1 210
iruai v
"Section 35 of Chapter 57. Revised
Statutes of British Columbia, to be
amended by inserting after the word
'excess' in line 41 thereof, the following:
'• 'Provided always notwithstanding the provision of the "Attachment of Debts Act" being Chapter
14 of the Revised Statutes of British
Columbia. 1911, that in case any
such person is paid more often than
monthly then such excess shall be
proportionately reduced.'
"It has been suggested that the
amendment we seek would re-act
with hardship upon wage earners in
industrial or other establishments in
this Province, but in reply to this
we would state most emphatically
that by far the majority of the class
known as wage earners meet their
obligations scrupulously, and as we
believe that legislation of this kind
is only desired to reach a certain
minority who are not so scrupulous,
this criticism loses its point.
"It has also been suggested that
the retailer can always obtain judgment through a County Court as well
as the Small Debts Court, and can
bring a debtor up for examination
to show cause why he does not obey
a Court order which may be issue 1
against him. Our answer to this is
that the garnishee method of recovering small debts is quick and sure,
and in the final analysis, economical
to the debtor as well as to the creditor. Further, it should be stated
that the average retailer dislikes
Court proceedings intensely, partly
for the reason that however just bis
cause may be he stands to lose busi
ness even though be may win his
case. A much more important aspect
of our reply, however, would lie (hat
the Small Debts Court Act is especially designed to facilitate the collection of small debts without the
did of counsel, this method being
cemomical.to the debtor as well as
to lhe creditor, the magistrate iu this
ease affording proper protection to
both parties.
"Tf there arc any other objections
to the amendment which we ask for,
which may occur to you or to your
Department advisers, we would be
glad to hear these objections stated,
as we have no wish to ask for any
legislation whieh is either unreasonable or unjust.
'The second subject with which
this memorandum is concerned is in
conned ion with Sections 9 and 24 of
Chanter 57 of the Revised Statutes
of British Columbia.
"Section 9 provides as follows:
" 'No magistrate shall hold a
court for the trial of any action under this Act unless the defendant
or some one of the defendants, resides or carries on business in the
territory within which the magistrates have been authorised to exercise jurisdiction.'
"Section 24 provides as follows:
" 'That if the defendant does not
appear and defend, the magistrate
may adjudge the debt against him
upon the oath of the plaintiff or
other person.'
"The understanding that Small
Debts Court magistrates have of this
clause is that the plaintiff must personally be present and orally prove
his claim.
"We suggest that this is an injustice to the plaintiff, who must
appear whether the defendant in
lends to do so or not. We ask that
the defendant should be required to
enter a dispute note, if he has any
reason for refusing to recognise the
plaintiff's claim, such dispute note
to be filed within a definite period,
which period should be set out within the summons, If no dispute note
is filed, the plaintiff should not be
required to attend on the return of
the summons, and should be able to
prove his claim by affidavit.
"As lhe matter now stands, if a
debt should be contracted, say in
Nanaimo, and the debtor remove to
Victoria, the summons would be re*
turnable in the Victoria court, ami
ihe creditor would be required to
travel from Nanaimo to Victoria to
prove his claim whether the debtor
appeared or not.
" We ask that this be rendered unnecessary, and in support of our
arguments we would mention thai
in the Provinces of Alberta and
Saskatchewan, the plaintiff is not
required to attend nn the return of
the summons, unless a dispute note
is filed.
"We commend the foregoing to
your very careful attention, and
would ask that some action be taken
on these subjects at this session of
the Provincial Legislature for the
reason that our Association have
bad this matter under consideration
for several years, and are anxious
to bring their work to a successful
termination, or if this is not possible to know precisely the reasons
which would make it impossible to
give effect to their wishes."
We have again arrived at the com,
ineiieement of a New Year. The one
that has just (dosed has been filled
with so many commercial surprises
ami activities that it makes us wonder what the future has iu store for
us.    Whatever it  may  be. we must
be prepared to accept our responai-
bilitiei and face them fearlessly, and
with abounding hope and faith. The
lessons we have learned during tin-
past year has taught us that we have
a much more important mission to
fill than anything we ater dreamed
of in our moat sanguine moments.
What  would have happened  m  the
great   field   of   retail   distribution
throughout Canada bad we QOt been
equipped at the head office here in
Ottawa,  and   in   every   province,  to
guide and direct  its destinies, is be
yond our possibility of knowing One
thing  we are quite certain  of,  and
that is, we have proven the necessity
of our existence.    We have also de
monstrated our usefulness, and we
have rendered a much needed service
to every retail merchant in the Do
minion of Canada,    ihir Association
bas   stood   as   a   beacon   light   and
guide to point out the danger spots
on the commercial highway, ami di
reel the way to safety.
While we must all be thankful for
the tasks we have accomplished and
the increase we have secured iu our
ranks, we must in no way allow our
enthusiasm and our zeal to slacken.
The work that has been accomplish
ed in the past must act as an inceii
tive for the future, ami my hope and
trust is that tin- New Year which is
just opening, may be one of great
happiness and prosperity to you and
to all the members of our Associs
tion in your province, and that by
your hearty cooperation and
through our united efforts, we may
be able to look forward with full
confidence, feeling that this will be
the best year in the history of our
When a watch is wound up it
usually goes: when a company is
WOUnd  up it  infallibly slops!
He who has a chance to invest
and refuses has a chance to invest
tomorrow; be who invests in a "sure
thing" and loses, usually never gets
over bis sorrow.
The man who refuses to advertise
because his business is already profitable is willing to take a good many
chances with the future. •
Branch Secretary Ing Presents
Pertinent Points
Mr.  Ing  Makes   Remarks  at  New Westminster Meeting That Should
Make Every Rctaii Merchant in B.C. Realize His Duty.
A Real Live Wire na Se- reUry of
the New Westminster Branch,
R  M A
Thu prefaee t<! afr  Walter Ini
r< port n secretary of the Si w ,l* •s*
miaater Bran h of the R M . at <i>!'
annual meeting tliere on January
20th is most interesting resding. Mir
lUg    IlilS    held    doWli    tie    N- W     West
believe that 1 have a message that
will undoubtedly meet with vour
approval after it has been delivered.
The    Provincial    Secretary,    Mr.
Hougham, has given* you some itb'a
ol the practical side of the work ol
the Association.   What I have to say
concerns probably more the spirit
she ild be found in every Asso-
al on if il is to make good and I
find that in Association work, that
it is often necessary to keep before
our m< ■• beru the viewpoint and
fa ts ss 1 find them, as a secretary,
in order that you may not lose the
iignificence of what your member-
»l pi Associal ion means outside
of the practical dollars and cents
scrvi e winch is every member's for
the using, 1 should like to say also
befon  g tting too far on this sub*
■ ; •' .1* some of tin* tilings which
i havi to say are words which have
I > en borrowed from some other
writers on Association work, but
which s., aptly express the things
tt'hieli the average secretary feels
that 1 have taken the liberty of us
mi; them in part as expressins" so
well some of the things I wish to
emphasise in what I have to say,
tn the first place, then, there 's
one definite basic principle int**r*
VOVen with all things material, im-
:!,,■. rial, seen ami unseen, Worn
the dawn of creation all down
Uirough the countless ages this basic
principle has been manifest.
''Commerce, business, as we know
it. depends for its sue 'ess very large-
minster eccretaryahip for man) years    iy upon thia same fundamental.
and ii one of the most loyal Asso
iatloto  workers  wi   have  in  this
Province.   Incidentally, he is seen
larj  of the Kiwauis (lub at  N*«
\S i stminster, and in all ways ia i
The oldest thing in the world and
,,• in many respects the youugest,
is this principle winch we term organisation, and which merits the
earcflll   thought   of   every   tuisiness
known    and    respected   cituen     man.
ll ere    Provim ial Secretary George
Hougham   was  present   at  tin
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemem
•'Organisation I Think what this
word signifies. Consider how it per-
meates everything in tin* world h*
rt-p Know it.    l-'t   vour mind dwell
"In presenting mv annua! report    upon the way in which all things m
I Wish  to ;,sk  your indulgence  for a      the  universe   so  |ar as  it   .s  Pen...*-
fi w  minutes this evening, while 1
give you a few thoughts thai have
'"me to be ns a result of my cxper-
■ nee as your secretaiy durinR tbe
last four or five years.    It is not    rsken in all the dim vista ot tne past
often that your secretary has inflict     whi<*h baa not bee,, due to organised
•d his views on the members, hut I    effort.
. .-.«■    tmv  Make This  Official  Publication
Deal  VV.th  Our Advertisers.    They  wane
ted ns to know, arc co-related. Hark
naek in memory over the history ot
the world and ass yourself if there
|mS   l,e -n   one   single   torwilfd   sten
"Organization includes co-operation. Jt includes co-relation of effort. It symbolizes unanimity of
purpose, ideal and aspiration. It
stands for union of thought and of
effort. It means that harmonious
and noiseless meshing of gears which
eliminates friction and discord and
substitutes therefore progress and
"At the basis of most business
failures lies a combination of jealousy, petty strife, vain bickerings
and discord. Men forget in the problems of their own individual affairs
that they are not separate entities,
entirely independent of all other
atoms which go to make the social
and business fabric. Engrossed in
their own affairs, their mind given
to suspicion of others, they close
their eyes to the basic principles of
"As the poet sings, 'If I knew you
and you knew me,' and points out
mat this knowledge would end dis
agreement to a large extent, so does
organized effort of men in the same
line of business overcome jealousy,
weed, bickering and pettv envies
"Business has a mission to fulfil
It has a certain definite duty to pel
corm,    This mission, this duty,   ie
in an adoption of the principles ol
the Golden Rule, and may be sum
med Up in three words, 'Help i
another.'    When business does this,
it becomes an evangelizing, a civilizing force, which gives impetus to the
co-workers and brings to each one
not only a more material prosperity
but a sense of having fulfilled one's
obligations to his fellow laborers in
the same vineyard.
"Organized effort among the retail merchants of the nation have
been productive of far-reaching re
suits, Tliere does not exist a single
local or provincial Association which
has not produced a large crop of
direct benefits for its members. The
national organization, working hand
in hand with the smaller affiliated
organizations, bas been able to do
much that would have been difficult
if not Impossible for the minor Associations Every member has received a direct, tangible, money in the
bank benefit.
"Not to members alone have these
benefits been restricted however. !>•
one way, there is the pity of it ! Men
who have resolutely turned a deaf
ear to the approaches of Association
workers have been directly aided in
their business affairs bv the results
which these same workers have attained.
Possible at $2.00 a Year.
te: b 21*2
"They have profited with no investment of time, money or energy.
Like the parasitic growth in our
leafy jungles, they have taken of the
business life-blood produced by the
efforts of loyal Association members
and workers.
"No reforms looking toward bet
ter conditions in the fraternity have
ever gone into effect, but what the
man outside the Organization has
been a direct beneficiary. Not willing to engage in the active efforts
which made these reforms possible,
he has nevertheless taken the results,
probably with no consideration of
the fact that they did not, in any
careful analysis, belong to him in
any degree.
"Today, in greater degree than
ever before, is there a trend toward
organized effort. In national affairs
we see unmistakable evidence of this.
Things deemed impossible a few-
short months ago are now being accomplished—the result of co-relation
and organization.
"On the battle-torn fields of
Western Europe the several nations
found that individual effort is too
slow and wasteful at its best, and
they united their forces under the
supreme command of one veteran
"Everywhere we look, the same
conditions confront us. Everywhere
are men realizing as never before
the mighty power of organized
"Just as the man who does not
definitely align himself with his
country is deemed, and rightly
deemed, a slacker, so is the man who
persists in holding himself aloof
from the Association to which he
should belong and yet partakes freely of the privileges obtained by that
organization a 'commercial slacker.'
He needs to take a fewr moments off
for careful introspection—a sort of
personal analysis of inventory—to
see that he is enjoying those things
to which he has little or no title,
never having put his shoulder to the
wheel to produce the conditions
which make those advantages and
privileges possible.
"Men often ask what good affiliation with an association does, forgetting that 'In union there is
strength,' and just as there is
strength in union, so is there progress, harmony, good fellowship, all
the things which go to make life's
daily pathway a pleasant way to
pass, due to this same organized effort and the things which it breeds
and nurtures.
"A man gets out of his association
only in proportion to what he puis
into it is an assertion frequently
heard. In reality this is both true
and untrue. The broadening intlu-
eiices. the benefits coming trom
rubbing shoulders, so to speak, with
the oilier fellow, come in direct pro
portion to ones individual efforts,
in a broader way, however, the man
who puts little or nothing into an
organization of men in his hue ol
work gets far more than he puts into
it, due to the fact previously mentioned that it is impossible to confine
large benefits to those who produce
the conditions bringing forth those
"The smaller the merchant the
more insignificant his sabs volume,
the less the population of the town
in which he is located, the greater is
ii is dependence upon and need of
organization, whether or not he ever
contributes one dollar to its funds
or has his name on its membership
The big merchant with ample
capital and in touch with the larger
business fields, does not need, nor
docs he gam from the association
anything near as much as does tin*
man belonging to the other class.
"The sooner the smaller merchants realize this the (pucker will
they associate the fact that there
are 'commercial slackers' and  that
self-respect, coupled with self-inter*
est. urge and demand that they help
pay for the band, inasmuch as they,
willy niily. are beneficiaries of the
harmony which it produces,
"I trust I have not wearied you
with the foregoing, but these are
some of the thoughts born from the
experience We have had during our
connection with tin* association work
during the last several years, but I
think you will all agree with me
that   the   writer  wh088   language   I
have   perhaps   somewhat    largely
borrowed, has expressed  what  each
of us know to be nothing but irre
futable facts, without this spirit
generating throughout all the activities of the association work, all our
efforts must eventually fall on barren ground, because it is the spirit
to do and the willingness to cooperate in all things whether or not
we actually individually benefit or
not. Any fool can criticize, but what
we ask for is constructive criticism.
The member who goes around to
other members of an association criticizing the work of the officers is
like a rotten apple in a box. It is
only natural as a result that it will
not    be    long    before    the    whole
strength  oi  the  association  work
would be undermined and the efforts
of a more enthusiastic worker bi
largely nullified by such activities;
and   every   association   ha.s   one   or
more of this kind of member.   To
other members we would say "forget
it,' put ".our shoulder to ttie wheel
and help build and not tear down.
"As I said in the beginning of my
remarks you have beard something
of the practical work <d* the Association and what it is endeavouring to
accomplish for our members, and I
have therefor- not included anything
of this material in my annual report,
For your information, however, I
WOUld like {o say that we have had
a number of meetings, both general
and executive, during the year, and
have   taken   care  of all   matters  OS
they came up, whether Dominion,
Provincial or local    All meetings
of the association were Well attend
ed ami almost without exception at
every Executive meeting every off)
Cer was present.
■' We started the year with a men
bership of 37 and increased this membership during the year to 43, which
was the largest membership on our
roll at any one time,   Owing to Some
of our members going out of busi
nesa and several    resignations,    w<
have now a membership in good
standing of 39, We should like to
say that wr do m>? consider this a
representative number of members
for a City of this size.     We should
not be satisfied with b membership
of 1 ss than 60 members at any lime
in   'his  city,  and  what   I   have said
in my previous talk with regard to
the benefits accruing to all retail
mere! ants, whether members or not,
is certainly true of g large number
of merchants m this city who are oot
members of our Association,
Take  the   Luxury  Tax  as an  ex
ample,   it did not discriminate as to
whether a retail  merchant  belonged
to an association or not, and a non
member certainly has benefited just
as much as our own good members
from the efforts of our association
in getting this tax abolished,
Personally I should like to see our
association built up to a membership
of 60 in the near future, and that
number maintained as our standard
Preacher: "hat's as fin a goose
as I evah see, Brudder   Williams.
Whar did yo' -r11 BUCh a fin gOOSOf"
Most :  '' Well,  now.  pahson,   when
yo' preaches a spcshul good sermon,
I never axes yo' whar yo' got it,    I
hope yo' will show me de same con
Automobile Dealers' Delegate to
Ottawa Interviewed
In our last issue we stated how
J   R   Higmore, ol thi   8i [more
tor I •>. Ltd., ol Vane* w ei, had
were   cl ised,   because   the   people
would not buy.
The great loss that has thus come
Ottawa as ji member of the    upon the dealers is. however, borne
inion delegation that waited up*    with   the  satisfaction  of  knowing
in an    that that abomination, the Luxury
for 1921 were features of the programme.
The notes sounded were those foretelling normal conditions soou,
cheaper money and that ninety per
cent of financial and industrial
troubles were past.
Minister nf Pinai
avour  to  g< ?   the   sun ant   ol    Tax, i, .lead, and Mr. Sigmore and
ir) Tax refunded tl il
;  oil   unsold  ears  and  on   which
dealers   think   $100,-
R. J. C. Stead.
When a writer has earned considerable reputation as a novelist he
can afford to indulge a "pet idea."
uld  be  impossible  t<>      I, I    the ii
crusto   er after the v.el, in ■■
n  nt '< at this lax had ,< • n
M» paltry when compared to    when  that  idea,  though  idealistic,
is conceivably practical and is pre-
u the dead tax.
tsx on au
(oint of mauufa d in   * n porta
Mr   Sigmore  realises more than    seated lucidly and attractively and
ver whal traders generally owe to    joes not  interfere  too much with
\s t* generally known    the Retail Merchants'Association of   the development of the story, the
Canada, and is strongly of opinion author has achieved something.
lhal tin automobile trade should Robert Stead, a typically Canadian
Oim on in" ami help swell the novelist of the out-of-doors, has, in
total of merchants who fight under a large measure, accomplished this
lis well resp,  ted banner. object in his latest novel, "Dennison
Grant," which is deserving of a
large circulation. Briefly, the idea
—or ideal—typified by his hero,
Grant, is the general development
of a new moral sense that value must
never be accepted without giving
equal value in return, that just as
society has found a means of preventing the man who is physically
superior from taking wealth without giving service in return, so must
Treasurer M Campbell, mens gocjety fin^ a means to prevent men
hdhing. ^ ^ wj10 arv menially superior from tak-
K<  rctan    A   I. lbnd, furniture.     ing wealth without giving service in
Kamloops branch annual meeting   peturn     The   8cneme   wnich   the
on January  I Mb resulted m the toi-    au{|l()r develops  in  order to  carry
• * 11..'; -> i . ■  i > i nil 11 a > i ■.'.'. s      i
hi* C lirist mas in the u   ri     lox and
U    ■   ',' •''.!.;« i.'a'   >'..:,!        .  ,.;a  raiwaj
n  ia at) the more to       er lit
I ir man*? men would ba*» e tho i " I
.   i -.. n m I   ■•■• riant tub
•   bi fort  b s> Ing th ir homes at
1 .   ';   a   «.< atoll        !,■;'.    Sell    ted   as   JU
r-; n •• :." iltne   by   the   \ aw   »uicr
\ itomobiH1 M-    • rn   A ss- •■ ial   n snd
• n  as delegate  for  lb    Victoria
i   \\'   Kifi     ■     lid not \
lo his duty to his     mfrcres in
Mr Higmore :- loud in hi* praiseu
of ll •- treatment reeph ed fi  m 11 ■
R to \   .,'  ><■■ .ua   a   :    ■  ■'■:•   taet
that thi ofl   ps ai I I    ilii   * of the
\      ial   n ". t»r< tin ow n open to th,
It was frankly diw      nting that
■ si first promis* d to be a su -
■■■ wiful qui il • nded in no help beiiii",
I latned from the Go*■ mi   nt and
■ . ■. some of th<  '.'iii
•'. ing relief lo Ihi  d<
i s tent of •") I er cent of thi tax paid,
and Mr   Ki •   on   ia stron v-  ,,; the
• in!i :'•  ..•   i     ; ■'■ .   •■    ■ af.r'Vir. rs
■; ■' .t'' d w ith the d      is at (•'
l'ort Alberni branch had its an-
i ial me ting on January 18th, The
folio's ing officers were elected i
President   V. <i, Cox. drygoods,
first Vic President C A, Mc-
Naughton, hardware.
Second Vrice President .1, M.
Thomson   Alberni). general store.
■a ing i le dtons:
■ in i s ai
rs   to  the
* i u
i Oil
I   r,   w as
I   would
little doubt  ?i at  the obj
have been achie*< i d
Tin-  loss  t"  the dealers  has  bc< 0
considerable, In l".'11 the cost of
nelling" this Government las u-is
enormous, and al the time the tax
fame off. o\ er $100 000 s\ as lost to
Vancouver dealers alone, or $1,500,
000 in the whole  Dominion,    This
Wfl« | bad blow  tO th i fourth largest
industry    in    Canada,   an   i
that had collected the tax for the
this out must be left for the reader
President    C.  Marsh, auto dealer.     i() (]jS(,0V(.,.
All novels, however, stand or fall
manager, Hudson|s Pay.   bv (,u> nianruM. of tht> tev*jng 0f tne
story itself, and in "Dennison
Grant," Mr. Stead has achieved an
often thrilling love romance with a
strong Western flavour, with, however, a slight tendency to overweigh
the second half with, perhaps, a
little too much 'discussion (of the
"Big Idea." The thrills in the first
half are supplied by the description
of the efforts of two gangs of ranchmen to get the hay rights of a valley
in the foothills and the determina-
Treaaurer   It. Stanley Ross, fur-    tjon t0 can.v out_*„ s„jte 0f -hell
Pirsi  Vice President    A. K   \)od-
man, lor
S, pond   Vice President K.  Me-
Call. grocer.
s ■■■!•> tan Treasurer      T. J. Wilcox. Hardware.
The in w officers at the New West-
mills'' r branch are :
President    Ross   W.   Smith,   dry
First Vice President    G. II. Jacob-
son. grocer,
s. pond  Vice President
Thomas, baker
A.   II
niture dealer.
Secretary   W. P. Ing.
and high water" —the instructions
of "Y. D.." a remarkable old front
iersnian. Zen, bis beautiful and untamed daughter, is the heroine. The
author evidently knows the life like
a  book  and  the description of the
\j ,},,, recent Hundred Per Cent firing of the ricks, the rescue of Zen,
C*jub convention (a greal success^ and the night which she and Grant
of the National Cash Register Com-   spent together in the open is most
Onvernmeiu at less expense to the    pany, wnen *
Government than any other
The  Luxury  Tax  bad   re
the halting of the output of cars
H00 salesmen   from  all    graphically portrayed.   A pretty bit
;1.    ,,, t|1(. United States and Can-    of child portraiture is very well dope
The Luxury Tax bad resulted -    JJJJ^^*ndissimr""and busiiieM"msUi-    rough   and   ready   atmosphere   of
to exchange ideas, improved    and serves as a happy relief to the
dising   and   business  lueth-    rough   and    read)
fro,,,  the  factories,  many  of  Whi«H     O^tnd discissions on the outlook     much of the story.
You  Have  Not  Read Thi. Journal, Until  You   Have Studied the Advertisements.
of the
Northwestern Mutual
F. J. MARTIN. President Horn* Office   Central Building. Seattle. VS A
They having been organized in March, l!,(tl
(j| The Company since its organization has returned to it> policy
holders in dividends and savings $4,203,523.90, and has paid in
losses $4,151,400.33.
{| Their liijnid assets are now nearly 1)8,000,000, with a surplus ot
$5( )6,556.( iT.
(J The net premiums earned for the year 1920 were over $2,000,000,
a gain of half a million dollars over 1919.
JJ The average time t"<>r payment <d* fire losses, after receipt "l
proof of loss, is less than 5 days, it being the consistent policy oi
the Company to meet every issue squarely and fairly and to the
satisfaction of the policy holder.
Their Mercantile Department is represented in
British Columbia by the
Retail Merchants Association
of Canada
424 Pacific Building VANCOUVER, B.C. f
T»e color uhtm- for thi* effective window was m .\ delicate pink, artificial cherry blossoms being used as
decoration. The pmW iieevet were daintily ttrr»>\-.di. wnoe lhe hands cut from compo board—were tinted in flesh
color,   Thit window wat denqned to ihow the kA0i as they appear when being carried, and attracted much attention
by iti originality.
I Ulht'l
For ihe  |i,-ni fit  uf our jeweller
s we  iiuMihIi  Memorandum
v.   : Hi of the Department of ( u*1
to   >. and   Inland  Revenue,  Inland
Re\ • nue  sen ice,   uenl   to  auditors
.tlli!   rnllc. -fi.i's
It  has been decided that  when
i • tail   it \\ ellem lm\ a n«>i  collected
"For your information we desire
tn say that the Dominion Govern"
mint has authorised relief to b1'
given to eertain disabled soldiers,
through the Department of Soldiers'
Civil Re-establishment, during January, February and March. This
relief is to be in the form of necessities of life rather than money. Order* will l"1 issued by the Depart-
and orders will be made out accordingly.''
,„,v Kale, Tu on j. «-,!!,,, rcpa.ra raenl ;eU.l Merchant    I....<    '
from ihe 19th of Ma) ... 12th of No- the Dom.mon ol ( anada to aupp
vember  the   Department   will   not g la auch a> gn nes, meat, fnel,
press payment <>f same, but where etc.
lhe tax has been collected, jewellers      ltf^G pac'iitate in the payment of
will be required to pa) the tax to lhe ^     accounts, it will be necessary
' <"\ iriiint'iil.
Please   govern   yourse
a.thi ii
ti   and Scale
Service§ LtcL
lid r.	
Vancouver office i
to Mini do' accounts, itemized and in
triplicate, to the representative of
the Department oi Soldiers' Civil
Re-establishment, whose names and
addr-s.srs will appear on the bottom
\v, W. Gardiner, drugs and sundries, of Victoria, has sold out to A.
11  Peacey.
A. Newlin, of Victoria (Empress
■ 11 < ^ i     i ■ i    . > 1111111 k    tiufl    mo    p.iH. i,
coal  merchant  may be.
Deal  With 0
butcher   oi     ^^^^^^^^^^^^^
ur Advertl.crs.    They Make This  Official Publication
Memorandum No. 36B of the Department of Customs and Inland
Ravenna service, reads:
"You are informed that bona fide
blacksmiths are classed as retailers
and as such they will not be required
to obtain a sales tax license nor will
they be held responsible for the collection of sales tax.
Artists arc not classed as manufacturers and they will not be required
to collect sales tax upon paintings
produced by them nor will they be
required to obtain a sales tax license.
Tinsmiths are held to be manufacturers. They must therefore operate under a sales tax license and collect sales tax upon the sale of their
finished product.
PoMible at $2.00 a Year.
l r 216
>"»!'«.. »'■»"»      •    '»    '»       »   •-•-•-•-•-•-•-••■••-♦-•-•-«. ^
J. W. Graham, grocer of Davie
Street, has sold out to W. K. McDonald.
B, W. Grant has succeeded I). L.
Hadley at 1701 Robson Street, Vancouver.
T. C. Preston is now running the
general store at Hammond, lately in
the hands of G. G. Cordelia.
M. J. Pratt, of Alta Vista, has been
succeeded in the local store by 11. S.
Hingston Bros., of 335 Princess
Avenue, Vancouver, are now at 217
Dunlevy Avenue.
R. M. Mitchell, of Marpole, has
sold out to F. A. Parkhurst.
Grant & Frear arc now in charge
of the store at loco, lately in the
hands of J. Ii. Gilfillan.
Walker & Bartlett have bought
out J. Walker at 1083 Granville St.
Gruchy & Carlaw, Fairview grocers, have been succeeded by Cross-
ley's Grocery.
J. R. Watson has succeeded Carter
& Howe at Haney.
A. M. Delmont is the new owner
of the store at Third and Arbutus,
Vancouver, after M. Routhier.
The Hollyburn General Store is
the new title of the store owned by
J. Watt at Hollyburn.
Lashwood & Shelley, at 52nd St.,
and Victoria Drive, Vancouver, have
been succeeded by Watson & Co.
McPhatter & McGregor, of 15th
and Kingsway, Vancouver, have succeeded A. G. Page, at that address.
Davidson & Charters have now
control of the business lately managed by Davidson & Young at 12!*.")
Venablcs St ret, Vancouver.
J. W. Gilmer, of 920 Granville St..
Vancouver, is now at 1181 Granville
J, A. Russell bas succeeded the
li. C. Grpeery, Ltd., at 1260 12th
Avenue Bast, Vancouver,
G.  Durkee, of Broadway  West.
Vancouver,   has  sobl   out   to  .1.  M.
Toombs & ('o.
d. Hutchinson, of Broadway
West, Vancouver, has bought out \V.
(J. Bell.
W. J.   Blackhall,  of  Vancouver,
has sold out to c. Pritchard.
Tenders   have   been   received   for
the purchase of the stock of Mrs. M
Hideout, at I 'imiberland.
Creditors' claims on the estate of
Ernest A. Price, of Duncan, must be
received by the 28th,
J. A. Hartley, of l.adysmith.
jeweller, has sold out
The H. B. Morley & Co., Ltd.,
hardware, are asking for a change
of name to Johnson Hardware, Ltd.
Galbraith & Marie, of Sullivan
Station, have dissolved.
P. Skovf, of Trail,  leather goods,
is reported sold out.
The J inker Grocery, of Vancouver,
has been sold by J. A. Brown, to
Knight & Bud.
The City Point Grocery, of Vancouver, has been sold to Walter &
The Hub Clothing Store, Vancouver, has dissolved.
Arthur Scoffin Co., Ltd., of V an
eouver. has assigned to the C. C.
.M. T  A.
Mrs. II. c. Cast, general store,
of  Westbank, has sold out to M.
il. II. Stewart Co., Ltd., furniture,
has sold its Victoria branch to w.
B. Wilson and .1. L Bartholomew.
A retail merchant beaded the
municipal polls at Vancouver, the
only man getting his quota on the
first count, being Mr. C, EL Tisdail,
while our genial Provincial president. Mr. M J, Phillips, headed the
alderman poll at New Westminster.
Mayor J II. tUhwell, of Chilliwaek, was one of the visitors to the
uMade-in B.c " campaign dinner at
the Bote! Vancouver the other day.
Mr, David Leckie, of Kelowna,
was recently in Vancouver, and the
local office v. as glad to see him,
Vancouver branch president. .1. T.
Crowder, has had the grippe for
several weeks but is now back again.
Faun y an apothecary getting sik!
Mr. M B, Whitley, associated
with the North Western .Mutual Fire
Association, and manager of the
R M A Fire Insurance 1 lepartment,
has also had a spell of grippe, ll"
is now, how ever, full of " fire,
Our old friend al Port Alberni, A.
I. Bind, has been re elected secretary
of the branch there for the third
consecutive time.
The Fulton Hardware Co., Ltd.,
of Enderby, has vo!.| oul to mc-
Mahon vV Mack
"l""" " '■' —if-- ni niinr v '•■""" ' ■—
The Most Popular TEA in British Columbia
will increase your sales.
;   ,1    MattbeWH.   plumbers' Stock,
,        ,(  Foi ks,  has sold  OUt  to  ,\. C.
,1   A   Hartley, of l.adysmith,  bus
I    | oul hi* j«-**>%*-I<-1_>  and watch re*
Phi Metehosin General Store and
|> (l   |g now  in the hands of A   D.
I   ivood,
v change  of ownership of the
i   'nubia Garage at New Westmin
.     •      i|   reported.
A  Pike   of lhe Royal City, bas
:  out   10   A    W    Miller his  eon
•'. tionery, i tcM business
! ■   :   pendent   Mat  Mark'?  .'.'
i' • ticton, bft*4 dissolved partnership,
!;.■- nie having retired
. l irln M, Chislett, of Vancouvi r,
r in «uto \w> t, etc   ii report**d
the Qua ■
i. w  Dor kef lias *,,
'i  • pfi at \an ,,;ii er
Peter Martin, who bad i biker)
it Vancouver, i* dead
Margaret MepSunl has toi 1
• ••> the I 'ansdisn Windsor !•
pi   i  I.'d
• l\ em sites   I 'o    bsi   opened   i
h nt Kelowna
The Paeifi - I osst  Fill   A I '• nt<
Co    hni   d:HSui\e,J.
St. Louis American
liirgi it   desh is of slightly
use.i    National   Cash    Rcgt*
ters in the West    All mach
mi's  fully   guaranteed  an I
Bold   on   MONTHLY   PAY
MKNTS or liberal discount
for cash
Repairs Supplies
Electric  Coffee  Mills
Meat Choppers
Computing Scales
Meat Slicers
Old Machines Taken in Part
Cash Register
and Scale
Service, Ltd.
 ■—"Fairpliy,"   Vancouver.
Elri*  *>'ornmg Ciller:  "Dunn and Grabbit   have   commissioned   me   to   collect  this
11 till account."
Stoney BroVf:   'Then I congratulate you on getting a permanent job!"
The Heo Motor Car Agency, Ltd.. NEW PARTNERSHIPS
has opeued a branch in New West- Maple ](,af 1)airv of Kurnaby_
minster. p. t. Westley and T. N. Bevan.
Young Bros, o! South Vancouver Glendale Tire Co., of Vancouver—
• rive sold out their grocery and con- g ,j Glenn,
fectionery business. Orient Tea Co., of Vancouver—
Sirs,  l,   Wright  has bought  the J, Murchie and J. 1). Murchie.
Camosun Grocery at  Victoria, The Purity Dairy of Vancouver—
0 1. Bdstroni has bought the gro- F, J. Musi-rave and J. S. MePhee.
eery business lately run by K.  II. Reasonable Furnishing Store of
M.ohbn at Victoria. Victoria—A. C. Graham and M. F.
tgnea C. Street has sold her Vic- Burnyeat.
toria notions store to Ann S. Harris. National  Manufacturing Co.—A.
The atock and fixtures of the Lam- B. Relance (at Vancouver).
son v* Hubbard Canadian Co.. Ltd., Valentine  Trefault  —  Bessie  E.
al rlaielton waa recently destroyed Crawford, at Vancouver.
.    *jrc Vancouver Fuel Supply — Pant
F E Archer, of Kaslo, hardware, Stoy.
haaaold oul to A, Coombes, B. C, Havana Cigar Co.—W. J.
fjen Baker   tbbacconiat and eon- Stirton and A. D. Currie, at Van-
fectioner, of Merritt, is dead c0^Ter* -o        #   r   .   t.           a
1 Hardaker  butcher, of Vancou- The   Banquet   Confectionery—G.
v,r died la^t month. H. Worthington, at Vancouver.
W   W Gardiner, drugs and sund- Sooke Supply Store.--!). Feray As
rica/o( Victoria, has sold out to A. J. William.
VNewlin   oi Victoria  (Empress According  to  Bradstrcet   84  per
Qaraire) is aucceeded by H. B. Olson cent of all firms that fail arc non-
&H.C Olson, advertisers.
You H.ve Not  Read Thi. Journal, Until You   Have Studied th, Adv.rt.a.m.nt..
■   . re
,      5,
I 1-  B
atmt&z. 218
:: Milk Drink Obtainable ::
"The Milk Supreme That Tastes Like Cream"
MAMTAiTrKKl) fresh every day at our plant —
a carefully prepared blend of pure, fresh cream
and milk, combined by a special process, which
distributes the cream evenly  throughout  the  milk.
It is specially nourishing, because so very rich in
butter fat—It  is easily digested  because  the  fat is
broken up into very fine particles—It  surpasses in
flavor any blend of milk and cream you can make iu
your own home.
Try it with your cereal—or drink a glass for
breakfast. You will be delighted with its rich,
creamy flavor and the added vigor it will give you
for the day's tasks.
Bottled Exclusively at Our Dairy and Delivered
Fresh to Your Home Every Day.
in five pound boxes, and half, one and two
pound packages.
Staple confectionery—pails and boxes.
Singularly refined in flavour.
A trial will convince.
Watson & Campbell Ltd.
110 Water Street. VANCOUVER, B.C.
Samples Mailed on Request.
MO UK and timre people are taking fur BHBLLY'8
ix BREAD,   l« Ih advertised everywhere, out
dOOr and In 'he public prSSI Jtttt DOW, We ar>'
showing housewives how tt» use more Bread And
they'll ask for BHBLLY'S Have it in j*twr itore
SHELLY'8 \\ BREAD li sclenUflcallj baked under
model conditions. Well risen, with golden-brown,
crisp crust, light, fine textured, tender crumb, it
makes return isles becsuse Its standard never
// Stakes "Come Again" Customers
for roc
Shelly Bros. Ltd.
Real ^p
Home-Made ***
From the
Garden of
8cotch Jam* are world fumed for Quality and purity,
They are finer and fuller flavoured than other .lam**
Baxter's Pine Preserves are made tn Morayshire,
"Tin' Garden of Scotland" Hoot customers win hi>
predate them- and t!ie> are good business for you.
Manufactured by
Telegraphic and Cable Address, "Jam Fot habers, Moray shirt.''
Code used: ABC (5th Edition),
Agnus; S, F, MackentU & Co., Vancouver, //.*'. ■■——■———
■ *~-^^-—..»— —-1   ,.i, ,.i,  ■—x-i   i, i.i i,  nm^—BT'
THE British Columbia retailer
Alberts Pacific Coals, Ltd., 507
jtinga Street   West,   Vsncouver,
000,   Dcslers in cosl, coke, i>a
■ • fuel, etc
jeffree sV Johnson, Ltd., 408 Horn
, Street, Vsncouver,   Tsking over
m b R°ing eoneern tl»«- business csr*
. d un by \Y. .1 Jeffree ntct I'. VV
' nson uiuler the luiiii'   W, J, .lef
free & Co«j general trading business
Interior Motors, Ltd , Penticton,
f* i .   |24,0O0.   Automobiles and i
Christie Rimroer Sslea Co   Ltd.,
|;U8 Stsndsrd Hunk Building, Van
am er.     110,000.     Hsoufsi turers,
producers, merchant* 135,000. Manufacturing clothing and   business now carried on by Charles
Wilson   A:   -lellimsn,   LtcL,   1412   novelty goods. II. Hopkins.
"    X   ' "        '        Reynolds, MscKidd, Vernon, Ltd.,      II. Samuel Ives Fish Market, Ltd.,
■ I mMSttre of your HiiccenR. Small earning* power Ih often more than balanced
! I lialht >>{ Kivitif,- In the struggle for Independence ttM man who saves—
•V«n a little ih f;ir ahead of the man who earns more but saves nothing. A
portion <»f ><«ir profitu etch month should be put away.
Detennina lo leva % LITTLE stoadlly.    It demands far less self-denial than
'■  i nmy Imsftne.    And the accumulation of
IneraiMS your Htinfl more rapidly than  perfaaps you  have  thought.    You  can
open te SOOOOnt In ".his otd-Mtablithed,  ttroof, safe institution  with one dollar
oi more
Pald-Up Capital   „ $ 6.000,000.00
Ronrve  Fund  «.    5.750,000.00
Inventin.-nts     33,054,238.02
Canada Permanent Mortgage Corporation
Kstabllshcd 1855
Canada Permanent  Building 432 Rlchardt Street  (Jutt  South of  Hastings)
O. L. Smellie, Manager.
Taking over n* i going eoneern the
Vernon.    B.C,     $100,000,     Dealers    Hind's Wharf, Gore Ave., Vancou-
tineas of Wtlsou ft Jeliunsn, desJ- f       m    xm ve!,  mm   Taki    over as a
sis in ehiasware, enamel and stiver p.^ in? QmQcm the business now car.
'"'     ,,          ,          , ,,   ,,. ,.                m     ,    t   ,.   ,   T iA rif-d on under the name Crown Fish
SwsrU   Bros.,   Ltd.,   183   Wster vsncouver   mink &  Bag,  uci., ,
Street, Vsncouver,   |25,000 Tsking 1424   Chsrles   street,   Vancouver.
r as s going eoneern the husiness 1*75,000.     Manufacturers   of   and Kirkham'sGroeerterias, Ltd., room
of wholesale and  retail  merchants desiers in trunks, h8ga, etc. 14. 423 Hamilton St.,   Vancouver.
in  fruit,   vegetables,  produce,  csr AJ>botsford   Qsrags   &   Machine *100f000-   Purchasing the undertak-
ried on tinder the name of SwsrU s,„     ,,,,    Ai>hotafor*i    $20,000. "5   ormerly earned on by H   O^
Rrcs fu'omobiles and sccessories. *irkham & Co- Lt(L and operatmg
Arse! Rubber Manufacturing Co., , ,      ,   ,     ,,, 0            0t tame*
l.ttl. 602 6 Pacific Building, Van
rouver 150,000. Desiers in automobiles and ac*w*nsori<«
Boultbee, Ltd., 898 Seymour St..
Ovenvaitea (Kelowna), Ltd., 615
VuieiHivcr      175.000.     Automobile a    \_ .   ' nnn
■•■»" •■''*•      '    : Dunsmuir St.. Vancouver.    $10,000.
lircs snd accessories
Taking over as a going concern the
.1    W.   Campbell   Co.,   Ltd ,   151       Canadian Tailoring Co., Ltd., 24 grocery business now carried on at
Hastings  Street   West,   Vancouver    Flack Block,  Vancouver.    110,000. Kclowna by Robert C. Kidd, under
General merchants. the name The Ovenvaitea Co.
—"~       Canadian Window Bakeries, Ltd., Penticton  Fruit  Products,  Ltd.,
615 Pender St W., Vancouver. $50,- pent*cton.   $50,000.   Acquiring the
000     Bakery   business   in   all   its |msjness 0f jamea w. Ford; fruit,
train Ins vegetable, grain and hay merchants.
Cylinder    Grinders.    Ltd.,    1146
Georgia   W.,   Vancouver.     $10,000.
Automobiles and accessories.
Pemie   Motor   Car   Co.,    Ltd.,
)•'. rme     150,000.     Automobiles  and
Hopkins Hamilton S 1 Co., Ltd.,
Sanaimo.   $25,000.    Requiring the
Irreenhouse,   seed   and   nurseryman
Ramsay's Macaroni
Try a Pscksgs Today   Sold by All Leading Grocers
Great West TEA
No Premiums    No Deals
No Price Cutting
Western Grocers Limited
VJuXttffil, NtlSON. aUMMMK. IX
Guaranteed Absolutely Pure.
Best by Test.
We will refund the money to any
customer who  Is  not  satisfied
after using NAPOLEON OLIVE
A. MsQNsNO CO. LTD., Infers
98 r.w.ll Street   VANCOUVER, B.C
Canada Fowl Board Licen.e 6-173. 220
In an article in our December issue "Some Unique Window Pisplavs
in Canada" appeared mention ot a
firm in Alberta having a puessinu'
contest of the number of trrains of
wheat in a bowl, every dollar spent
in the store entitling someone to
guess Whilst this did not happen
in B.C.. it should be pointed out that
this nraetiee is not legal under the
Trading Stamp Aet, a Federal la*r.
It is not wrong to have a guessing
competition as long as no conditions
are made as to the purchase of
goods. The recent attempt on the
part of outside promoters to inveigle some B.C. merchant in a
scheme of this kind, ended most disastrously for the retailers, who were
fined in court and who got more unenviable notoriety as a result—incidentally it should be mentioned that
the promoters fled the province and
a warrant is still out for their arrest. The moral of this is that it
would be wise for any retailer who
is iuvited to participate in any business-getting scheme of the legality
of which he is not positively assured,
to pet in touch with the Association
office at Vancouver where he will be
given accurate information.
\  retailer in   Van
enliver      Vt I\etl      a
shipment from iln-
B«**t The transportation e*har**"**s < ere
$64.05. Th>'\ sh iuld
have been 132.01
The retailer i ailed
the Associstio n
freight sdjUSltUCnt
manager into consul
t^t ion. KeMll*.      lie!
■fij.ii', I le
Retailers'    memo* r
• hip fees for one j nr
on   this
u '•[-,.
trsnxai 'i"ii only. he
is |7.03 in pocket. be-
snies whieh he bas
the sat infliction of
belonging to sn Aasu
eiation whieh doe**
other things to pr<
tect ln« baldness be
^-B-l Hides      'nnklllg      lft<  ■*
fi i|*lil  adjustment*.
Tell your curtotrers what happens wbrn they apply the
pruning knife too liberally to their buying. Thi* drawing
shows what thp V/mnipeci Free Press trunks about it, a«U
it but emphasies the  old  und true  ad tge  of "Liv<   and
let live."
Are you doing your
«iu* \ l»y y our official
mob' journal * What
about •. our seudtug
ns some news from
your district *
EATS DIRT        ^1
Profit is only profit
after you sell the
merchandise. A
large margin does
not put a dollar in
your pocket if the
goods set on your
shelves until they
are bespecked and
90 per cent of
THE  V7I8E GROCER   \\ Ihh
Phone Fairmont
■  I M
Crown Broom
Works Ltd.
hfaoufsrf lurtrs ol ttos
Duchess. Kinn. Janitor Special.
Peerless, Princess, Province,
Laches' Carpet, Perfection, Favorite, Ceiltn'j Broom, Warehouse Brooms, Whisks o' All
Kinds,  Glass   Washboards
Phone Peinnont 1148
W'«*f  iHe Storm   KMHJ   •  Msmpsnl
••. <    «   , i  | .   i   •
ilw   I       ' s■ •    »
n      |i   • ,   | | o*
. « . . ■     ■
.. *'.   *h, •   sn ■     l*i MUy,
- ■. ■   ■. v .   .    .*    -  s
■   ■ .,. <   * -      j. .   (en  I  i
.......      Wis,
I      c       ■ I  | • HI    I ' " I
■ ■ ■   .       I
■       '
... £    ■;»    r «■
*   i    - . i .1       ■   . -    ' thi
■» .-.!•..   .       a ■       I-.-.-   i   ,   ■ ■'
■ ■
Ihe •
Creamery Co., Ltd.
15 23 Alexander Street
Phones: Seymour 6056*7
BUSINESSES FOR SALE AND WANTED: We will insert announcement* twice
under thii neading FREE OF CHARGE to subscriber*. To non-subscrlbers the
Bftsi-fl it 5c a word, minimum |1, ca»h with order. We are receiving many
•nquJHta from the Prairies for businesses In B.C. The only favor we ask Is
that tSota subscribers who make use of the above offer let us know when
they  .ire tutted, so that we may withdraw the advertisement.
under this heading  (to subscribers and non-subscribers alike)  is 5c per word,
minimum  t\  cash  with  order.
Aadrcis letters to    Classified Dept.," B.C. Retailer, 203 London  Bldg., Vancouver.
m . **m
\ talesman v\}w> can Dl&ke Show
■ •. D   e«Tt*   more   money   and   is
si-frays   sure   of   his   position.    Profes-
hioqsI   Show   i sitl   Writer   will   teach
• ■ ■'. \ lyttem bj mail to limited numl>ei\
Por ;. .-• ■ ilara write to Albert Edgar, 21
ir Rut! •:*.•*  Windsor, out.
General Store, in Beaport town on
Vancouver Island, with house, out-
Vancouver Island General Store, stock
about $4">.0»M); farming community; cash
down.     B.T.." care of "B.C. Retailer."
buildings   snd    private    wharf;
stock st invoice; full particulars
care of
>n appli ation.   "S.
in'   Retailer."
Prairie merchant wants small
candy store in B.C, in country dis-
trier. F.E. Raymond, Secretary R
M.A.. Saskatoon Sask.
Business couple to look after general
store, post office and stopping house
Salary and commission. P. P. W., c/o
"B.C. Retailer.-'
The Department of Customs ami
Inland Revente, Inland Revenue
Service, have issued tins memorandum
Q, l Many florists have greenhouses in whieh they gro***f Btock and
also have s store either on the premises or separate in which this Btock
is retailed. They may also sell small
surpluses v\ holtsalc,
\ 11 Florists ownin-j preen*
houses in which they irrow stock,
and also having 8 store eilli r on the
Toledo Computing Scales
(No Springs)
Special Charts for Grocers,
Butchers and Confectioners.
Hobart Electric Coffee Mills,
Meat Choppers and Bone Grinders. Berkel Improved Bacon
Slicer. Sold on Terms or Discount, for Cash.
Sales  Agent   for  B.C.
424 CsrdoTs St. W.       Vucum, B.C.
£>^'C ^^
i. •>      "i
In the Red
and Yellow
i out mis ettOUgh for four adults     Made in the following styles:  Macaroni.
Ready-CUt,  Spaghetti,  Vermicelli.
Packed 16 02. nett.   Tested Recipes on Package.
Kelly Confection Company, Ltd.
VANCOUVER,   B.C. <)•)<)
premises or separate, in whieh thisigwhoiesaled
stock is retailed, are as respects tax-f ithe greenh
wholesaled  to another florist  from
ouse ?
able stock, responsible to the crown        A   ^ AnswmH- i,v x0 o.
for a tax of 2 per cent on the price •
at which such products are sold to [1  Q- W }* the owner ol a green
P ,
the consumer.    1 per cent of said
tax may be absorbed by the florist
if desired, but at least 1 per cent
must be invoiced to and collected
from the purchaser. If, however,
the florist has the greenhouse accounts segregated from his retail
business, he is required to charge 2
per cent on sales to his reta.l stor<*
on the same basis of price as though
selling to the regular retail trade.
In this event, as respects stock -add
by the owner of the greenhouse to
the wholesaler, he would be required
to collect a tax of 1 per cent on the
net selling price; the wholesaler in
turn being likewise required to collect 1 per cent on his selling price,
Q. (2) What tax. if any, should
be paid on cut flowers or potted
plants grown in a greenhouse and retailed in his own store*
A. (2) Potted plants grown in
Canada, and cut flowers of domestic
growth when sold in condition as
such, are exempt from the Sales Tax.
Q. (3) Should a sales tax be paid
on cut flowers or potted plants when
house makes up his cut flowers into
wreaths or other designs for sale in
his own retail store, is any tax payable!
A. (4) When cut flowers are put
up in the form of bouquets, wreath-,
anchors, or other designs, they are
held to be subject to a Sales Tax of
2 per cent  if sold by the owner of
the greenhouse to the retailer or eon.
Burner, or to a tax of 1 per cent if
sold to a wholesaler.
Q, (5) Is any tax payable on these
designs if wholesaled to another
florist* (This latter question refers
tii the CUJtom of telegraph orders to
a florist iu another city who allows
the florist sending the order a com
mission of L'O per cent >.
A. (5)  Answered by No. 4.
Uncle Dick Says
That the abolition of the Luxury
Tax was a great triumph for the K.
M. A.
That it just demonstrates what
organization can do.
That every merchant who has an
ounce of pride for the business he
is in must surely feel if he is no!
already a member that he should
become one at once.
That it is not fair to expect the
organized retailers to fight the
battles of those who sit on the fence.
Thai every member should endeavor to get at bast another retailer to coine in during l'.'L'l.
That this is the only way to effect
self-protection and self-preservation,
That  Christmas without  the  Lux
nry Tax was Christmas indeed!
That even then the gratitude for
the work of tii-' K.M.A  was express
ed by some u ith a kick.
That Shakespeare spoke of man'-*
ingratitude, sn that  it  is nothing
iii'« !
Lake of the Woods
Milling Company
Makers of
The World's Best
Daily Capacity 14,200 Bbls.
B.C. Offices and Warehouses:
1300 Richards Street 1614 Store Street
Eddy's Lead
No   amount   of   publicity,   however
plans!*)]**,  could  ot   lleelf  bave  won
for Bddy*s Matches first place In the
estimation  *'f  the   Canadian   mslch
buying public
It   tOOk   Quality   an   well   SJ   Publicity
to do thai Ami it i.m thiM Quality,
so evident ni ever) box of biddy's
coupled wiih constant consumer sd
vertising, that is keeping up EOddy
popnlarit)     The  public  knows  thai
the name K.|i|>  on tbfl OUtsidfl of th"
iiox  in a guarantee of the matt bs i
I.Ink your Store with the Odd J/ rep i
tatlon.      Lei    your   customers    know
you sell ESddy's Matches and Bddj i
Indurated FHbreware the sanitary
and durable utensils that never bulge
or i"ak.
Urn" '
however, bouquets on the
n nroventent «'f the '' Retail
>   * t
utinuc to coins tn.
,• frankly speaking, thin in not
gO operation of the vnut ma
of tie tnembers,
il ii is impoasible to do justice
>( | outside of  Vancouver un-
• | ,• editor is given cooperation
. - une one tbara.
;• lettert and suggestions are
i |y Invited,
j  ii   ourtesy i* reported conic
.,  ■ on i viaii to the Vancou*ier
12 Etaatings Street West, ot
w-... \ M cKes
\i a returned soldier on Cor-
. | Street  is doing  business the
Thai the plain but eloquent state*
•   oi that " A return* d soldier soli-
Is jour patroi sge ' appears in his
u indow
Thu service n free to our subscribers
for the purpose of locating old customers
and other*. Send fullest information
pombie. We are locatng some every
month. It it only by friendly co-operation that thu column can be run at all
•ucceufully. Help thoie who may be
able to help you. by writing the office
of the "B.C. Retailer,' 203 London Budding, Vancouver, if >ou know anything in
the nature of a clue to the addresses of
the  undermentioned:
C. I. Kilbum—Formerly of Saskatoon.
!^i(«t of i atgary,    Now  believed to
!* tn Vancouver,
Cumrmngs,   Hugh.e—Last   address,   1664
lOtb avenue East, Vsncouver.
Johnston. S. E.—:il 2s:h East, North
Vancouver (former address).
Laurence, Mrt. M. C—Was stenographer
a'  Version
Little. T. j.   Late»of Reglna, now of Van-
■ ■ ■; \ er
Mar-ton.   Arthur—Last   address.   General
Delivery, Vancouver, B.C.
Morgan, T. B. l^as'. known address Alexandra IpartmenlS. I*'tte salesman
for SY lorj   Flour Mills.
Muiier, Dutch—Last address, garage man,
Van <>uv<-r, H «'.
Robert!, Ben.—Ixixt address, Arrow*
Lakes, 11
Ruiieii, Mm Mary—Lata of Nelson. Apparent!? In millinery or dry goods
business there
Whs ley, Mn,- Last address care of 0. 0.
Heather <v Cc 10SS Qranvfile street
L. W.Taylor
& Company
Auditors, Cost Analysts
Board of Trade Building
Seymour 365.      Vancouver, B.C.
Telephone!: Office, Seymour 8951
Residence,  Seymour 1955R
I. DaBlmtnii6-i(iitirB
Solicitor for
The Retail  Merchants' Association
of  Canada,  Incorporated
British Columbia Board
309 Rogers Building
Retail merchants took hold of ti ■■■
Mad-* in l'» i' " week hi great *•'.
■   \ sneou1' • r, and i" is lo be bo\ ■
I the othi i citu s and tow ns mad"
a   hh<-   demonstration    Pish   lines
■'• particularly strong!) displayed
Wholesalers report 'he sales of 1$.'
• duets much greati r than anti< i
Whit.* beans are a little easier, the
Kotenashi stock being ■'';''• a's"
si ey B I   beans    The riee »i-
le rather ens) during the pasl  ;"
lays, firmed up von  matcriall)  >"
■   south, whob sab rs non  report
ng that the) are selling rice loday
' leas than the) i an replenish their
locks for
There  ban been  a  drop  01   '",  ,l
sac on condensed milk and from
•" to **l a case on evaporated milk,
iheiv is tm change in sterilised mils'
tl yet,
Salt stocks In jobbers' hands arc
•"coming depleted and a shortage |s;
xpeeted before navigation opens on
the   Ureal    Lakes
^llgar  has show m  a  COtiple "I   'I'1
lines sno ur last  issue, anil re
tailors are a.his,,I to luiy cautiously
|ni" the present,
t'off,T is firm, especially in the
higher grades,   It has gone up in
the last month or so 2 and 3 cents
g pound
Jam has been very unsettled ami
the manufacturers have apparently
got down to a basis of Belling at the
same   list ;  the   recent   discrepancies
between the different lists proved
demoralising to the trade. Strawberry appears at $13 a case, with
other varieties at lower prices.
Starch shows a slight decline.
Flour is stiffening.
The provision market haa been
weaker. Lard has declined. A reduction of 4c a pound on ham ami
bacon was recently announced. The
butter market seems to lm unchanged,   Cheese is firm.
Tea has advanced in tlm lower
grades   The higher grades are firm.
M,,st lines have hit bottom, although a fe\*. are due for decline.
The first general meeting of the
Grocers' Section, Vancouver branch,
for 1921, was held on January 29th
ami   was  the   most   representative
gathering of grocers held for a considerable time.   The feature of the
evening's proceedings was the address of Col the Rev. Geo. 0. Pallis,
whose  address  bore  the enigmatic
title of "Born a man, died a grocer."
Mr. Pallis used this opportunity to
appeal for a broader outlook on the
part of retail business men, and his
remarks were elosely followed, the
sentiments of the meeting being expressed in a rousing vote of thanks.
Husiness coming before the meeting included a proposal to form a
provincial trade section of groeers
so that problems peculiar to the distribution   of   groceries   at   retail
throughout   the  Province could  be
handled   more   efficiently,   and   a
greater weight brought to bear in
the direction of remedying the number   of   particularly   objectionable
abuses from which this line of business now suffers; the success attending the efforts of the Automobile
Section sinee it became organized as
a Provincial unit of the K.M.A. is a
great encouragement to the grocers
and it is likely that before very long
their   proposal   will   take   definite
_^j 224
A visit to the Vancouver manufac- had a "Made in IU'.' campaign for
turing plant of Ramsay Brothers & the writer at any rate had no idea
Company,   Limited,   of   Vancouver what a quantity of good things Ham
and Victoria is a wonderful experi- say Brothera made.   An attempt was
ence  and  one  which   ceases  to   be made at first to take particulars of
anything in the nature of a task the different machines and processes
since so many things are seen there but five spacious flours, each hold
that can hardly he guessed at by the ing machine after machine, process
outside world.    Truly it is time we after process, BOOD told us that un
less we wished nothing else but
"Ramsay" to appear in this issue,
we might as well give it up as a bad
job!    Under the genial Ciceronian
care of one of the heads of the sales
department, who found nothing too
much trouble in his endeavour that
we should 8«v it all. the host part
of an afternoon went by iu that huge
hive ol industry on Powell Street
imposing from the outside hut whieh
exterior was all too faintly indicative oi the activity and good things
Chocolate figures larger/ in the
product of this plant which is the
only establishment west of Ontario
handling the cocoa bean in all its
processes from the whole bean, and
snbseqnently the eocoa niba down.
Cooking chocolate, cocoa butter.
commercial cocoa powder, eating
chocolate milk and vanilla', nut
bars and milk chocolate, regular ,'ho
colates that not only the fair sex
are partial to, ar> a few of the derivatives of this factory of the imported
The bakeahop was a great exp-'r
ience. ^fountains of dough were fed
Into machines with canvas earners.
Machinery pressed it ami designed
it on its way along the earrier to
the oven into its particular pattern,
Patronize Home industry
St. Francis Hotel
Directly opposite C.P.R. Depot and one block
from   Post   Office   and   the   business  centre.
European Plan, $1.50 Up.  Cafe in Connection.
J. NATION & SON, Managers.
Writing Tablets
School Supplies
Made in B.C.
Wrapping Paper, Twine, St. Lawrence
Paper Bags, Toilet Paper, Picnic
Sundries and Stationery
Columbia Paper Co., Ltd.
Tor Health
is a suhjeet of nniversal appeal, "i our customers are
reaponding vigoronsly to
rleisehmann advertising of
\ east «s a conditioner,
Will >ou !»,• the grooer to
capital lie tins readj and
trailing trade*
lhe Fletschmann Company
11SS   BurrarJ   Street
su'di ia the familiar soda cracker,
sheets  of  bitcuits  being etat  into
proper lengths and pfneeti in th*» re
vol. ing ovens. And what variety of
sweet biaettita are turned out Surely the housewife cannot know of
them nil or she would never dream
of buynu, not ever* Kugttsh biscuits,
if she could sec these, The kinds
coated \uth sugar, chocolate, cocoa
nut. etc, or having u "sandwich-
like '   centre   of   most   toothsome
pastes of different flavours natural
ly struck our IWeet tOOth and as m
the other departmenta, we were told
to taute  a.s we  vent   g]*M*fg and  he.
tweet) our inapeotlon of the machin
cry and appliances an \ glances .it
the g0<*d40Oking ladle* who were BO
industrious in  the different  depart
menta ws managed to leave Utile
room  for a perfectly »*<>od supper
that awaited us at home.
The hard boiled candy department
would have made the heart of :i
juvetule   (find    for   there   Here   all
day anekers, jeliv heene, pop corn
snd other delights for the young, and
whilst in the other departments the
immense amount of work done by
machinery  wax  most   noticeable,  in
this department the absence of hand
eontaci was moss! marked ''Kisses"
were wrapped by a most intelligent
machine  which   ent   the  paper and
gave those twists to the ends we all
now so well,   Caramels were also
wrapped automatically and the jelly
beans were being polished by being
tossed around in revolving pans, en
circled by steam jackets
We   often   joke   about   macaroni,
Bohagetti and vermioelli and wonder
who builds the hole in the macaroni!
Here it js explained, for metal dies
and upio-date machinery tell the
tale and the Bight of macaroni uncooked and hanging in yards is surely  JlOVel.
The packing of all the products of
the plant is a considerable undertaking and the scrupulously clean and
attractive cartons and wrappers that
are well known to users ol the Ram-
Bay products are soon placed around
tin* various dainties that later grace
the merchants' shelves.
Hot rooms *1l''i degrees of heat;
cold rooms prairie temperature)
storage tanks, high pressure machinery, machinery with hot and cold
processes for chocolate dipping into
which the "centres" pass and which
have changeable gears that give the
different twists to the design of the
outside, giik screens of the finest
texture to get the finest cocoa powder, the vast quantities of milk and
sugar used, refining processes, a vibrating table that extracts air from
the bubbling chocolate confections,
machine-made moulds of confectioner's standi that give the shape to the
"centres" one of the most human
contrivances, by the way, in the
plant', the hand-dipping of chocolates by girl workers for those who
prefer this mode of treating the
sweetmeats, were some of the striking features of the plant we remembered.
A plant that employs in normal
time*. I'J.'i males and females, that
gets about ,.'">'. of its raw materials from British Columbia, to say
nothing of its tins, boxes, labels, etc.,
and is s genuine producer of "Made-
in I'!'." goods is surely one that
should share with the other bona-
fide home-product houses, the united
support   of  the  inhabitants  of th's
"We are enclosing *?*-. our renewal
to the "Retailer." We like your
publication   ami   consider  it   very
Bntterfield & Son,
"General Store.
"Wvnndel.  B.C."
Tea, Coffee
and  Cocoa
Packed  by  the
Bon-Accord Tea Co.
S*rf-nori to tkt talc R. Btlw-r
No Alum
It is a pure phosphate baking powder, giving good results in every baking.
Order By the Case.
Tell your customers to save
the  certificates  for  Wear-
Ever Aluminum.
Kelly, Douglas
& Co., Ltd.
Deal With Our Advertisers;    They  Make This Official Publication
Possible at $2.00 a Year.
J •••>,:
Till'.  MUTISM   (Ol.l'MlMA   KKTAILKK
The fc lowing are prices quoted for pnncip.il lines of lending  *h
sub 'tret  tc   mnrket   f u< I . i
Vancouver    Price    List—F.O.O.    Vancouver,
Vuton.i,  Nanaimo, or  \ew  Westminster,
Terms Nett 30 Days,
. in, '•-   l. .\   ■:•:.■ t S.i
il Crow:
t -
KnKl sli   BI
Linen   i tnw
lloval f: .'A
I: ,yal   Crow
'rown   \S
\\ • si   \\
Mi '.
ShynoI   Polishing   Soap
Shaving   S c .i r s
I '
E     A     GIL LETT    CO.,   LTD
R   y a i   >rJjt —
3  dm   pk|       n     ..«•■
Perfumed   Lye
i    ■  i
M.jg      D,i- Ing   P   a .if
< ' •»
4 11ui
4 '   r
?.     i     *
*     r      1 '   i
4       '     T
'     7
1  r
K peeia I    I       ■   • •
Klve    i' r
}■ ■■■'. |i -
Caustic   Sodi   (Qranu  ite i
t :*■
( ;i
. ■
i '
. .
i i*
■   •
i »:
». i
• »•
' ■
J   t
B.,ilk— ,V.isH. r:;   P^i-r,   C'ears'r    Soft
S    il .  Etc.
r **
B   ll
Cream    Tartar-
i ii
•■t ■
Sal  Si d i
i     '   7
r      '4    '   t.
I       '     7
»': ■ o
j n,
'n   ii
cast   . '.
M.igk   Soda- Case   N      '
r '■ ' ' ' '     1 •        [l.'K'l      I'.      ■
i luliji ii    We it    \\
box  of
I'n-Wiler     I.,,x   i.f
■ I    but  OVI -   !   tot
\\ ib]  "    .
BI- Carbonate    0f    g, ,.,,
112   lh    ki i"     ; ■ •    I . (-
40 I Ib   b irrela   > . •   barrel
KELLY,   DOUGLAS   *   CO.,   LTD.
Nabob   Pi   ducts
Mum,   ',«    (! .7
lir.r  IX,    V     duZ
Tartai       •■     I    i,<      dor
Raking   I'owd. ■    IS   12  <?.    dm
Uakli r   pnw :. •    i-   •..  ,,7     ,;..,
Rakli k-   I'm* 1, •     12   :•■   1     ,j,tI
Raking   P  wdei     G   '       dnx
Olnry   :  ill    -.;■ 1 n,    I  r.
Coffee,   Is    2*4,   lb
("offer     ' ••
(5 fij      Oenm   < f 'I .1" n     ',1    d   ,
Rsk 1 up  K< da    f.O   In    . ,  ,
'■n SO      Baking  So l;i,   ::t   Is    ,\,,T.
f, 7'
:<  i
• : .
'. n
I*. 60
I 1'
i!<v- n   :i <;
A CO     LTD
! 4'
4 '■
You   Have   Not   Read   This   Journal,   Until   You   Have   Studied   thr   Advertisers
nti I II!    UWTINH  ( i»|.I ■ \i I :| .\   IM.TAILKl;
1 ' -■   >*s>4 W> '"" ---..
rrf      pit
r r r   r r r
j, -y~f. .ffyr       JTT
rrr    rrr   rrr
r r r   rrr   rrr
l\   W ESTER N   < ANADA
VIS    \K1    MAM
A New Home and a New Name
Qui    I'i idr   M
( . |//.V(,  ' i( /v   -ci(7 /./ ///  7i//\'////).1V
,.. .    , rffani/f I        I -l l)  under  the  name ol    Lhe   Vancouver
•   • :   \    n\    il  '   nfusn n  and   make  the name of  the firm
w      have   decided   to   change   our   name   to   the
i ns  die  same as  il  has alvvajs been    the  BIG  yj
wl     I    stands  loi
UK        ^^^^^^^^^^
Quiglly Knitting Mil
I s
I   I M I  I  I   I)
i  *j*| **\ **
'•an 3
.     «A.        I **A.   :.?
in Woollen Garments
—is only possible when they are made of
Worsted—" The Cream of the Wool."
The Short fibres that are removed in the
"Combing" process are "Pure Wool." but
when spun into yarn lack strength, evenness, and that Silky Gloss that distinguishes
"Worsted " from ordinary wool.
M Worsted" is the long fibre that
remains after the short wool has
been combed out.
The smooth, unbroken surface of Worsted yarn
reflects the light like polished mahogany, and
therein lies the secret of the delicate tints and
richness of color obtained in our dye-house.
QUIGLEY Sweater Coats, QUIGLEY Bathing
Suits, and QUIGLEY Jersey Cloth Garments
are made of Pure Worsted Yarn, and every
garment that leaves our mill carries with it a
positive money-back guarantee.
This guarantee is backed up by twelve years of
conscientious endeavour to satisfy our customers, regardless of cost.
Quigley Knitting Mills
MMITED i>   rn uns a co . L I D,
Sttami i h Pn i    ■•
ptft   \u
!           .    IJlj     vi          g   2J« 9.85 CANADIAN   POSTUM   CEREAL   CO.
erf, 4 lb. bricks •,'•'     Postum Cereal, 12 pckgs., per dox    2.50
'■' '   ■    ■   '            ti lb   nr-i   per lb - nstant, 24-4 m  pkRs., No. s, per case   5.85
per lb "■-*• instant, tf-J ox  pkgs., No, 10, per case   5.00
. J' instant, 6 large, 13 small pkgs., No. 9.
• "   .!:..   ^ng   iij >'            I1"r case -                           •■    5.45
nn    •.,..   ih I'm
• . ,    |j   j,'..     .,.,. u, ,:.';i E    B.   EDDY   <&   CO.
••• •    ■-■ in -    ■    i irton ' .60 Matches
•<■•■.    • •■ ruck    without Including War Excise Tax.
|,                                                            . 59     Parlor, JOO's, per box    8.30
1   '   ' ,-      '''•  ne«   pei Ib 13     silent, iocs, per box                 8.30
'   •            '■ •   net*    lb "Vt Silent,   WO'i    per   box                            1800
1 /           ' '    '                     Mn. per lb io», Capital Safety,  per  box              " ".'.'Z 18.00
K«"' 10s  ind Pony 8llent, 75's, per box      1580
'•:■•■ |j     Besoul, Sfl's, 10 gross, per box  26.50
... ■:     Golden Tip,  600*8,  per box     17.80
I '                      ''...,»; gs Comet Silent, per box                          . H.oo
■'•■-■:.■••: 2 >i     Home,  per  box                     12.70
per io     Buffalo.  I gross, per box  17.80
'   .             >•         '•,'.,■,:;,.', ,-,,,      Owl,   JOO's,   per  box                        8.00
'• '        ken. per Ib                      , .45                  W I cases 10c additional
.III   Hi*
(Hit     Nl
.,       'I
for s< s ■
i I i
*1   «        <   nn
■      -   \      ,   idll
,      • |     || |t,.~j|
*  pUt 1 112   V
needs,   On every si l« tl  i
• | ,.•  ■ I.,. worttl  period i
adjustment   is ovpi   and  i  lailers
• placing themselves in a position
' I ft1   (il«'\    i',HI   !>HI'<• iiiis*'   IO \\    stOCKS
• eh the) ean tlis|   of nl a pro
Whatever Rlo • - tin   *.--** = '*!•*
rs had on hand are pra kticaII)
■ awed up and thore is little danger
il such [foods will be (hunped ! >
'■ merkel to undi rent the goods the
lailcr has purchased,
Mthou .h   further   readjustments
■ c to be • spec ted, thc> should ennse    known
• • u    meet su h readjustments.   Although
I    w ng(   ' ■ ductions dow in effect  or
•   !l'.'■      onti  iplated, arc nol altogether io
• o| oi tion  to the reductions  tliat
■ ■   • •      ...      en ti ade in the price of gar
-   '   ■ • ts. it is ess* utialh necessary thai
* '      -, ■'•   r< duel ions be made it' prices
to si al il ;.'■' ou todavs level or
■ >•    lis some clothing factoriib
•  n is is granted last  spring have
- ontinued.   Ki il goods man-
■ ,• oih   avi met the demand by
- nts all tl e way from LO to
1 • • '• cent from lasl j i ar's pncis,
w • '•  no relation to anticipated pro-
I . ■       osi v but to move their merlin ndisc, liavo accepted losses
I,i i         lliosi  ;■!', es j"issible,
l ■ i]i ru< ;>'■  prices  have  declined
from 20 to 25 per cent     Hosiery
■ ,.• ns are 20 per cent lower, The
•, ■, sjoti of prices in the shirt trade
to meet the low cr price demands has
I ft I stead; ilia effect upon busi-
i  ss  together with the advice that
-.. > s will  r< eeive i he  benefil   ol
■ irthi r price re> isions made be-
foi i the manufacturers' Belling sea-
Sll!, flosoji \> pkvi ar is being Bold
at v.tv \nw nrices and it is too early
• s,i\ anything aboul the retailer
ittitude towards buving neve stook.
I i i' u
A big cleanup was reported during
the < Christmas season which encour-
.1.:. s the belief thai stocks eannol 1"'
ven heavy.
The tendency of nearly every line
known to the retailer is downward
1' le disorganization .   «'<it   card n
'0 ing is \ri\ net*cs8flr\ m (
;it  the present  time.    The law of
,,.,!,.,- t .   snppb and demand is always oper
ating and as the season advances the
general demand becomes greater,
prices will stiffen.
The i'li' war price value of raw
silk averaged about 900 yon a bale.
During the war it went, as high as
3,500 yen a bale, and last April it
came down to 2,500 yen, and then
tn 1,100 yen in July, from which it
has advanced to 1,500 yen with possibilities of still further advances.
Woollen goods arc firm, although
quite a bit lower than peak prices.
and until the British Government
Bees its way to release the enormous
holdings they have of raw wool,
there is very little possibility of further reductions in wool. The reductions made show to more material
extent in the lower grades- there
being a larger surplus of these goods
than of the finer and long staple
Cotton, owing to the low market
\\o- cotton fabrics, generally shows
a tendency to fall. If India and
China come back into the market
shortly and make their normal purchases, which at present are not being made on account of the exchange
situation, their tremendous demands
will tend to stiffen the price of the
manufactured article.
All lines depend in price on the
cost of production, and unless this
conies down to prewar levels, which
includes wages, prices cannot descend.
China ware is firm and there is
no reduction in sight, largely on account of the high price of coal and
production in Great Britain. 0?0
Shoes show quite a tendency downward, although this chiefly affects
the lower-priced lines. The style
this summer for women's shoes will
be of the strapped design. Hides
arc very plentiful but here again
the cost of production is all-important,
German-made goods threaten to
flood    Canada.      One    well-known    indication of its origin,
British Columbia house has a firm
face set against this invasion ami
will not handle these goods until
circumstances force them, and it is
a moot point how long the business
interests of Canada ean hold out
against this class of competition,
much of which is sent out  fi ith  no
No Room for Pessimism
Meeting Mr. J. N. Harvey, president of J. X. Harvey, Limited, who
have men's wear stores at Vancouver and Victoria, we took the opportunity of finding out his opinion on
present   conditions   of   his   line   of
business.    He was surely optimistic
and said  there  was  no reason   for
retail  merchants  to   be  otherwise.
Business was a little slow at present,
owing to the uncertainty of prices,
and this slackness had been brought
about by eertain of the retail trade
of the Province  who  had  in  their
advertising, led the public to believe
that   further   reductions   were   due.
and whieh as a matter of fact, were
impossible, according to the present
indications of the market.    He emphasized the point that  great  care
should be used in anticipating the
future.    What the public were looking  for  was  something  staple  in
prices, they wanted to know where
prices were going to be. and when
they   found   this   out.   the  average
buying would be xory general again.
1921 should be a particularly good
year for the retail trade generally.
The general tightening up of money
which began about a year ago had
had the effect of checking extravagant buying on the part of the merchant, and it had also affected the
buying power of the wage earner, because of the slowing down of certain
industries and consequent unemployment.   Now that the banks had presented their annual statements and
had brought about to a eertain extent a reduction at least in certain
commodities that affected the cost
of living,  they  would  begin  again
to find a market for their money and
would be looking to the manufacturer and merchant to borrow for
the prosecution of their business.   It
would be necessary for those who
had been doing without during the
past few months, to buy the necessities of life especially in the clothing line.   One only needed to walk
up Granville and Hastings Streets to
see there was a market existing i i
Vancouver for men's wearing ap
par el,
Th" average merchant from one
end of the country r * * the other had
bought very little of anything for the
coming season. He thought the wise
merchant   should   at   any   rate   buy
Bome of the newer tines of merchandise.   Th'- coming summer was u'"
ing to be mi,' of the best ever expel
ienced in the retail trade in Brit is
Columbia'  largely   because  of "the
hesitation of the public tn buy a;
what they believed tn be the peali
prices of tin- last few months.
Tlie lumber industry, which employed  between 20,000 and  25.000
men in British Columbia, and which
had been almost stagnant during the
past few months, would Boon be in
full swing again. Thr difficulty that
had existed for some tittle time between local shipyards and thi- Dominion Government had been
straightened out to the satisfa timi
of the British Columbia industries,
and a number of public works which
would employ a large number of men
would shortly be in operation, such
as th.- new drydock, the Ballantyne
[tier, the (!.P K. pier and other cori
BtrUCtion  work  that  would add emi
siderably tn tin- normal payroll add
bring about an active ami prosper
ous condition in B.C. daring the sum
One should  warn  merchants, h ■
said,  against   the   practice  nf some
manufacturers who, to meet thr call
for lower prices, were substituting
an inferior grade of cloth, The
goods might look very tempting at
the price, but there was nothing that
would ruin a man's business more
quickly than selling a garment that
would not stand up. Every merchant also knew that it took more
than a good piece of cloth to make
a garment—it had to be properly
It was true that raw materials had
had a great drop, especially woollens
to6' the coarser grade, and this would
affect the coarser ami heavier grades
nl"    undiTu ear    more    i hail suits nt'
• lothes.   Tin- average \:i^u\ suil contained about four pounds of wool,
one  and   one bait   pounds  of cotton
and snme silk.   The value of thai
material  in  the  raw state  was very
little in comparison with tin- cost ">
a .suit- say $6 or $8 in a $60 to $73
suit.     The   real   CC-sl   of a   suit   was
in tlie labour, and while the labour
that went in the suit was high, out
standing reductions could not I"" expected.
When comparing the prices of
clothing with pre war days, it shoul!
be taken into account that th,- child
labour  and   tie-  BWCSt   shops,  as   tar
as Canada was concerned, had prae
tically disappeared. That shoul I
!»-• \ • ry gi .i' \ty ing to <-\ er) righi
thinking I anadian, and he trusted
they would never return *el those
were two factors that entered very
large!** into the making of th.- tow
on ■■-. i v.sting ns pre war days.
A will known I'd', firm of "men n
furnishers" puts a slip w ith ea th
pure has* pa kag< worded as follows
"Remember! We ask you to
remember that you are at perfect
liberty to return or exchange anv
article that is not entirely satisfactory, Satisfaction -rocs with cverv
purchase. When you arc satisfied
we are, but not before."
"Thanks! We take thin method
of thanking you for your patronage
today, and we trust that you will
he so pleased with cur wearables,
our prices and our business methods,
that you will come again.
With  a  \lew  tn  increased  effi
ciency, particularly in the reporting
t}( credits, a new arrangement has
been made under which Mr. Iv R,
Golding, L.1..I', becomes manager
of the (lolled ion Department of the
B <'. branch KM.A., with headquarters at r_'i Pacific Building, Van
couver, Heretofore this department
has been operated in an office away
from the Association headquarters,
and it is hoped the consolidation now
effected will result in even better
service to tin- members and will at
the same time place ihe Department
under the direct supervision of the
Provincial Secretary in one suite of
ttdjuatmenl   in
l-< s   Bill]
k now taking pla        thi
. in ss .md industi ial world
■ ii nisi ■ - ii" justifical
11 Um, for although 11 is r<
■   •   is w ij»ed oul e.!'. i
,f ■ paper profits n ll
re-wml    li
■ ■ ' proloiiiji-t]
tiatel)   s  itabil   eil    ami**
d   ii lust rj   will   -  rive  an S
ks will expand a** ai dingl)
wtion  ui  pri
i nil* «1<   ? • .i ■>'        ih I '
l s :!; < ■ ss
H    ill). '.      |1< - •     '   .
patience l
''■;' Prosperity which is certain to and other cotton and canvas goods,
,u mills, twines, etc.. have reached new
"he  downward  tendency   in  the lower prices and although wholesai-
pnees of hardware commodities con- ers report an improvement since the
linues,    Owing  to  the  decline  in first of the year, later delivery or-
copper quotations, the prices of wash ders are somewhat  backward, but
'■ tea ai I coffee utensils made sorting up orders are coming for*
• row tl is metal have b< in lowered, ward in good volume.
together with various lines of brass-       Better movements are reported in
unci as compn ssion goods and paint, varnishes and allied products
valves with   spring   shipments   fair.   The
Seven    lihes in the steel market shellac and window glass market is
• ' ■ il       ng a lower tendency, sheets unsettled   with  lower  prices  being
- I sving I n sgain redue- quoted   Linseed oil shows a further
rrom Winnipeg markets reduc- decline owing to the unsettled con-
-   ■ •■   been reported in the fol- dition   of   the   flax   market,   while
•   linen    Crowbars,   mattocks, putty   and   turpentine   remain   un-
I   pii m,   grub  hoes,   copper changed.
.  '-    annealed   wire,   bright   and        The   Standard  Oil  Company  an
■   :   spi ng   wire,   wire   rope, nounces a 2-cent  reduction in the
wovi fencing, barrel churns, price of gasoline owing, it is stated,
!>ro    i snd oakum to the greater production of crude
\   ord   f* to Eastern reports cot- oil     Kerosene also is down )} cents
inn waste is down from 3 to 5 cents- per gallon.
The following  .ire  p
'or pnnc*p.«l linSI of leading wholesale firms.    Prices quoted are necessarily
tufa r:t   tO   market   fluctuations.
1 N4 11
Pet,    V. ■ .   ■   .      1  •
..         ■
i «
.   i -.    COM i          R   1'iri:.   PLAIN
i   .    ;K       i        iv, $166   4-in . J* SO;
Ho       •
1     5 ■     .      I      |1
WAltl      '.".'     td>     SO   per
' i   s i
• ■   !■■•
113        ,          ►    ■
'         |          .
• •         .           :\        |.»i    eni. * hit©, less
•.             ,VAH      s'    ;■• i    '■•"'•<   «d-
• . M     ii    except tube   and   palls.
,    v         ;.•,,!•'   on  llsl
s        iNKK—IV r   10 '   lbs .   $* 90;   on
...   I13.-M
IHST.KS   In   bulk.   light   T    1    J', JO;   I.
6. #i.i     : .:■ i -'■• ■;•   6. U t.">.
, ■ •
■    |         dot   pair; heavj
i   •
y. <>     •    |.l id    B    13 60;   10,
v   ■       ,               heavj   rtmp,  4.
< •        fi,|          R, $"20    10,  5. SO;  IS,
in i,            1 i ■   v gated T, i,
iiu,   «' |ji      s. $6 1!    10, $9 SB; 12.
. ■   •»
l        |   .              , !   1.
i     ('nil      KttrilH       1       SLSi       .'>
'       .
v-          ..   \          i(i   17 73    13   $16.00
i , t i    ■    , a  11 ■. i       '    i
> ■ ■>
!',.(,»      p
! pino !■ ut.k    i irr-nl   II
., ■
lo |]   ...
■ uin <■•• ii n i   ■ i i-i     '   '•
I * -      I.I
I! t ...       weld   H '
I' ■        8 ••■    H7I       S    »' i
. \
i   >
I a s
ii'., *.
p, ,i.      .   • '"s   Iron,
So  1 ri J l«rg*r, too H
||lON   RAND    '•'•;  In
51 I
Ut, ,\   ,: \i.\ VNIZI'D
...    v   ,   I i)l   >   ■-
No   0 to l.  $11>00;
I? 50; m, <<i. $1-50;
,       | M  ll"       Nn       1.
;     |   I SO     *
111 15
$'. 1 36
$10 66
fin 50
It I   •■    \
,  i   i    |
CLEVISES   MAIL   ■'    ;•     '
PHJI I. :   Ho   utoi k    10   i"
■■    n,     ,.     ||    ,.     ...,,,(   . |. i ni
■ -..,     lint*    illlVl      : •    '      ■    '
I     ',.',.•      ..: .    Ill •
1  u i ,'ri;i H?OH    S-ln.,   i ■'
!"t.   lo-ui ,   |U 30;   19 in .  |K    I
, w
i eni
19 61
IK mid
in,,\    sad   I'oncni'ii.   6  lbs   and over
,    .....   ■,,,. \\n    lo«8 10 pei  Pent; 8, ft, t
i , nr,   pei   imi  lbs .  lets   H'  i>«t cent;
V IMtlK So 5u 5-: IS Bet; N;> M. »f
.,, Vi.„ ,-,,,, , hnndlett, |3.00 dot tew l"
. t.   t'nlverttil,  IS TO do»
less in per
KNOPS    l>oor   l» 50 .l««   I
I vMl"  '''■ N''K    '•  n" •  ""*
i l 1  ll- .   '•'»'  I'1
im 10 per cent.
LAMP CHIMNEYS—-A, per case, 8 dot..
114.80; per do*, ld.10; H, per oaae, 6 doz.,
%\iM\ per a<«z, |2.60.
LANTRRNS -No 2 plain, $1*3.50; Trulite.
tlwrt plobe, tin/.. $1S.50; Trulite short globe,
Japanned, $19.00 itoz.
MATTOCKS   Pick,   fvi.'-o;   cutter,   $16.00.
SAILS Wire, full. Vancouver, $7.00
baae; cut, ft>.h. Vancouver, $9.60.
NKTriNT,•-Poultry. 2x'.2, $3.80; 18. $3.35;
24. $1.85; SO, $rv)6; 36. IU 10; IS. $7 85; 60.
$9.66 72. $U ;.n roll; Ixlt, $4.85; si. $6.95;
2i   $8.66; SO, $10.80; :i'i, $13.66; 4S, $U.6*> roll
NUTS Square, small lots. $555 advance
over list; oaae lots. $."4 55 advance over list;
Hexagon, small lots, $5 so advtnoe over list;
tase lots,  $3 SO tdva.no* over list.
PICKS—-Clay, 6-7 ,$H.S>0 iht do*.
PINE TAR   1 ial., f 1.20 each; % gal, 38e;
>v  gal.,  24t- each.
PLASTER—Parte, par bbl, $6.60.
KlVllTS  \Nl> BURRS—Black tar rivets. 5
it>   packages,   less  22u   per   eent;   copper
rivets, No. S, 1 lb., rid^- lb.; assorted copper
rivets and burrs, No. S, :S* to \. 6.1e lb.;
assorted coppered rivets and burrs. No, 8.
*<t to \, 3Se Ih.; copper bun*s. No. 8, 82c
lb,; coppered, 38c lb.
ROPE-—Sinai, 2lc base; British numlla. 2.2c
base; pure nianlla, 26c btise; COttOQ rape, *4
Inch and over, 65c: turret! marline, 56c.
SAWS, BUCK Happy Idea, $1825, less '0
per cent; Prince Rupert, $23.75.
SCREWS Bright flat head, 10-10 per cent
off tist; bright found head, 66*10 per cent
off list; flat head brass, 40-dO per cent off
list; round head braSB, 35-10 per cent off
list; coach, % ami smaller, 35 per cent off
list; 7-Hi and larger, SO per cent off list.
Bet dCrewt, 35 per cent; cup screws, 25 per
cent. 2M
Is Your Guarantee
Manufacturing Company
Wholesale Manufacturers
The Famous Restmore
Woven Wire and Coil Springs
Steel Beds
Sanitary Couches
All kinds of
Furniture for the Home
Show Your Customers
the Restmore Line
*■■ %%■<,.'•*■,
\:\;: -V' ■:■":.■•
(ioliglitly Bros,Ltd,
Mi-   .'     •     ■
Laiuulry Machinery
Lar*c«    u I   -:   II   UttndrU     |n»i    M   wli     I ill
equipment   Bee     i    • ' i '     ■   I      A*«ther
Motor;   0| 61 fttfti   Oft   !:li    ' ' ' ■' I
e\ »•! jm hei t,
753   Powell   Street Phon*,   Klfifl.   50
VANCOUVER,    0   C.
R Al floore. UCo.U'.^onCO^Ji
SAIL MAKERS and Manufacturers of TENTS,
AWNINGS and Canvas Goods of
Every Description
<y Brand
CflJoNES ft Son
Phone Seymour 740 28 30 Water St.
Cold   Storage  Doon—M.itle  In   Vancouver
Phone  Highland 822
500 Camphell  Avenu* 121
f! i;i, sin:s;i -»
COMO.M   l;i\l   LOCK   BETS—Cost,   |*t0.00     CHINA-LAC,  per qt.
OLD     COITF7R      \M' DULL     BRASS
'1. \ TKH    H' TT>         •,. ■■. Hi    pair;   1x3,
j. .        I      pa                       i«     1* 1 50i    pall.   1*4*
I <   ,      ■ !       '   I    '      '     I
li.vu.Ii SAHM FASTENINGS |1.M dot.,
lieM  10 t'«-r c»'tit
4: 11
j ■ (
*     1
■   -       N        '     %   • ■   ;
DKH    '<.»•-•;    gsmm    '   ■•
,      ;.;   It)
in.    |!
1 -i
i      V
4Nil   St*Al*l ■    r..v ,
• ••'*      J     • •■    - dog     J.   •■•    Jo*;      j..
|. .  I       N.      «
l„i     S      •    ttil    d «     N     '    I.
p*   N«   •   1.'   »   if
SH  LIFTS    I) &0 gi «
|7 ■• I
IS 25
ra a'
10 ■:
sirs >
\l!  >   I
11   ll
|3 81
$:. 0"
It ' •
J.i I'
j i :•;
$0 55
IS 56
—————————^^Rf- jh.iii
(Price* quoted are list    Trade discount 40
per cent )
Quts Pts. Pts.
Orey,   yellow   and   red
, undercoat                  .   jijo jjjso 10,73
Black and leather dressing                               jj.er, ji.m $0.80
Ordinal-)   colors                *;!,:•;, $1.70 |o.W
• 'leer finishing and mohair top dressing          J&60 n.&o $1.00
Wine and red                  u M) |i,io fi id
If you have a bit of news,
—Send it in;
A story that is true.
Send it in:
An incident that's now,
»i.35     VVe want to hear from you,
[] g —-bend it in.
y.".-.    Never mind about your style
if it's only wort ii your while
{Jg.S —Send it in.
J19 (*j
F.OJB. signifies "Free on Hoard";
F.A.S., "Free Along Side"; C. & F.,
••Costs and Freight"; C.I.F., "Costs,
Insurance and Freight"* L.C.L.
" Less Carload Lots."
Barber: 1 >«» you want a hair cut?
Patient: No. 1 want them all cut.
Barber: Any particular way. sir?
Patient: Yes. off.
The Martin-Senour Co., Limited
High-Grade Paints and Varnishes
British Columbia Factory; 1505 Powell Street, Vancouver
Phone lliah 422 236
We Start Street-Car
For a year and a half the nation has boon reading our message:
"Bread is your Best Pood, Ea1 more, of it.'* in thr national
Beginning with January, 1921, w<> started advertising in the strei I
cars to a reading public of one hundred million people, with th
opportunity t<> repeat our message thirty days in the month,
We shall run one card each month during the year in 3o\l l*J cars,
mnn-ing in :',4<>o cities—your city among them.
How will you back up this advertising?
In addition t<» this national street car adverlising of our "\\ n. wo
are preparing several sets td' local street -car cards for your profit
—to enable you t<> benefit directly from this strong educational
work we are doing.
Everybody rides, everybody reads. This local advertising will
bring your special message to the i nsti mers at voiu* verv doors,
Ask the Fleischmann representative,
Department of Sales Promotion
Fleischmann's Yeast        Fleischmann's Service THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
Jtie Western Cdnada
THE   ■
British Columbia
■ the imijiI i \ yean
, u i Minds llaki r   hai .
raitet  < \ •i \  month as
'■   r. : '•■ ftpiilitifl   thr   il
..   W. it
•   Its "ij
re*lrt   ol
ii bit
up thi* |x*i   il  ' '' is i ■  ' "  ■
' ■. it** ful task -*f k< •■;    ..' •'"• • •")
t] i trad* mi ibis ten tor;
•the doings, I   ppenings and oul
of  Ih**  li ntineaH     1?  ha* sl**i
■• ■ I ju |*itft in       ,       •    [♦ the
if the trade n   regard to
I    I
' is ni is  ol   11'nil  grocers.    An  in
•■ isii ,• number of retail bakers an*
bi 'Oi   • .• mi mbera of the Retail Meruit s   Association.
lf then f '■ ■ si been decided that
nil * the 1 wo journals, the
W ■ st •   *     sda Baki r and the British < 'olumbi i H* taih r. a better ser-
si  be given to all our readers,
for '■ *    '.ui produce a larger and
'■■••'.'      :■ ■   than by running the
\\\ 0  s- I .■ I .<.' • I>
Th< n fon . from now «>n. the West-
•    tads Ha ;er will be run as a
»eel   •     of the Retailer, anil sub-
- •   the " Baki r" will get the
■ efil   also  of the  general  retail
••   l< articles m the " Retailer."
The Fleisehmann Company report
a considerable increase in sales of
yeast for medicinal use, an increasing number of people now taking it
regularly ss a food-tonic, and some
surprising results in the way of improved health are resulting.
•   hetiH-d   i.
>     H
I ■ g   in   Mjjij'h nit*   Kill
-.  in " hieh ll ■   h   h
*l onded ii non a matti r ol
I  :  the   Western  I i   ids   H
■   id • I I iving played its
rt   in   ajc*i*ttng   this
roughout Western I anada
1'hiH journal ban .«. -•> p<
1*01 111   ' ,( " K    III   ;'|-i"»!s' ',!! .*
about  ii forms In legiatat
1' minion Pi o\ ineial snd Mti
1 fiver •■■■> nl ■ ful of improving their
nervi     I i the Baker}  and grocery
"..Ji     the   Fleischmann   Company
lent    | ,t\    installed refrigerators at  the
v..ncou\i • plant, capable of storing
il oul s:\ ' ma of yeast and keeping
I    it in perfect condition,   Tiny have
hIho gr .iily ineressed the capacity
th   of their cutting and packing plant
care of the increasing busi*
ffecting the baking and eon fee tion     ne*s being handled from this branch.
■' ' trade* an-i our reader** ar< w <:'
an are   o!   the   man'   oeeaaioua
!     tn w refrigerators will generic their own ice, being of the am-
I'hieh a trade journal such as thi*   moi .. type, and replace the ice-box
ts pi   of . ool chambers which were
formerh iu use.
. na neen ot sen i ••
Rix months ajto the Progress Pub
fishing Company, r limited, who pub
h-.u the Western Canada Raker, took
over the publication which for tin
il thirteen < ears has be< n run by
he  Retail   Mi r 'bant*    Asso* ml
snd publish i" for them
This journal,  the   B.C,  Retailer,
■ '"Vers a wide field, taking in all   tn
Iiiich of retail business in th
The Van 'ouver plant now supplies
lli,i whole of the British Columbia
ti i riton and Alberta as well, and
•; . pon nan} 's service now is so perfect il that fresh yeast ean be supplied practically in all but the parts
,,f  t!u   two   Provinces remote   from
iiisportal ion
fcVesh supplies of yeast are recejv-
From information gained in official quarters it appears to be the
intention of the Government to re-
peal the present conditions under
which bread ia sold, and to substitute
something new, presumably in ac-
cordance with the report of the
committee mentioned above. The
enactments under which bread is
manufactured and sold are old statutes oi George IV., and an important body called the Public Control
Committee have notified the London
Country Council that same are obsolete and extremely difficult to administer. During the war the Food
Controller was authorized to make
orders for safeguarding and conserving food supplies, and as regards
the sale of bread this was clone by
the Bread Orders for 1917 and 1918.
Weight Provisions Now in Force
The weight provisions of the
Bread Order of 1918 are still in force
and are as follows:
i a All bread I other than bread
sold for consumption on the premises) shall he sold by weight and not
(b) No loaf of bread shall be sold
or carried for sale or delivered
under a contract for sale unless its
weight he one pound or au even
number of pounds.
No roll  of bread  exceeding
\ Ml
..... including the retail field of   ed daily from the company's factory
'he baking, confectionery and
nt Sumner, and are cut up and pack-
-I iudustrx     It  also covers ver}    pd bI tin
Vancouver plant, a Biiffi-
he     den
illlly the retail grocer) trade and tl
general   store  business  throughout   on haiut,
I   stock   being  always  retained
iv means oi the new rein-
the I
roune,.    \lai.v country bakers   gerators, to enable the local branch
and confectioners carry on also the   to take care ol any rush orders.
Deal With Our Advertisers:    They  Make This  Official  Publication
two ounces in weight shall be sold.
(d)  Inspectors   of   weights   and
measures   may   reipiire  any   person
offering  or exposing or  carrying
bread for sale, or delivering any
bread under a contract for sale to
weigh such bread in the presence of
such inspector, or permit such inspector to weigh such bread.
Possible at $2.00 a Year.
I r.
i I
The Bakers' Favorite
King's Quality
Phone Seymour 2245 Affiliated with MAPLE LEAF MILLING CO., LIMITED
Vancouver Office: 111 Bank of Ottawa Building, Hastings Street. West.
Rich Shortening
Tliere is only one slmrtciiinu-- fat. The irreater tin Patty richness of the
shortening, the better the cakes and the less shortening required, And the
quicker it works into the dough,
That is exactly the ease with Bakers' Cottolene,   It
is ion'; Pat.
In the mixers, Bakers1 Cottolcne creams up quickly.
The dough comes oul smooth.   The Pat works through
the dough fast.   It works into the dough thoroughly.
Bakers' Cottolene is the result of years of exper
}fi   ience.  Write for price list.
WtMMMMmmM, I   ^^ I  l\  DM 11 I\..
Packed in Tierces, Half Barrels, Tubs and Pails. i-M
How to Overcome Difficulties in
Handling Dough.
When the baker reads the title of
ihis article he will probably say, "1
know why and m what place dusting
flour should be used to prevent the
dough from sticking," and he also
knows that dilating tlour should be
put on lo anj surface with which
dough roaj eome in conta t during
11 e pr. ss ol  mak ing bread, rolls
and other bakery products
The average baker, however, has
ivi n little thought as to how much
I  ii [ng  flour should be us d, and
the 11 si kind of dusting ag< nt suited
for his purpose.   The Bdherence ol
dough to an) surface with which it
,fi , > in contact is dm   ' • ri    adhe.
Liu a you see it is not a good plan grade, dark-colored Hour and be-
tO ail<*\\ the dough to remain in lieve that they can use a liberal
contact  with any surface that has    amount because it is cheap.   This is
very   had   practice,   as   low-grade
flours  are  verv  dark  in  color  and
ii'-en dusted for too long a tune.
iv  oakers have boxes winch
they use for small doughs exclusive- will produce dark streaks through
ly, and such bakers will say that the interior of the loaf when used
ihey only use a small amount of U1 ';ir'-v quantities. The low-grade
dusting flour and the dough dors wheal flours contain a high pereent-
not adhere to the surface. That is age of low-grade gluten whieh ad-
true for the boxes have absorbed eon-   beres very readily when they become
hydrate.!, and consequently it is ne-
• issary to use larger amounts to get
from time to turn- and gluten will results which one would get with
not adhere to a greasy surface. For smaller quantities of high-grade
this reason dough troughs are gen-    wheat tlour.
siderahle  grease  or  fat   from the
doughs   whieh   they   have   received
rally greased instead of dusted.
When   using   dusting   flour   one
sivc properties ol the gluten present
iu the flour used in making the
di ugh Thi iuti ■ * •. of ,; " adhe-
Kivf* properties is largely governed
'•■-.     5 !..■    ,i  ■..."  '    i'!     v a' • •     ['!'• si'llt    til
the dough It is knon n that a soft
dough w il! adtu • • I i inj surfa
v, ith which it i on i n ii outact mor<
■. sdil) and fimilj that a stiffer and
' : Igh, Uluteil will take on
■ tain amount ol w at< r or w come
i j drated wh< n it » dl have th ;
sistem j of s I inn, tenacious, i last ic
mass When presi nl m flour and
a large amount oi water is ineorpor-
Gluten will not adhere to a moist should select a flour having a white
surface  providing the gluten  does colour and low adhesive properties,
not   contain  anv   other  substances This applies to large as well as small
like star I     If you wash the gluten bakers.   One may go into the larger
from a Bniall portion of dough which bakery, where machinery is employ-
does   not   contain   any   leavening ed and one will notice that in many
or some time "•' the sprinkling devices which are
used   for dusting  the dough  as it
up into a firm ball -°''s through the various machines
agem  ano  Ktieau  i
under w ater flov* ing i rom a tap am
i ?.. a surface whieh has will be in a very poor condition, owing to the flour being hailed up sometimes, travelling with the paddle in
the device, liberating onlv a small
oeei n: istened with water you win
noti 'c that it does not adhere to the
i ir ai •. On thf other hand, if a
portion of gluten was placed on to portion aud finally gding out of
.'. dr\ piece of wood which had the working order entirely. The baker
; ■• ; rt\ i^i absorbing moisture the xv'" finally utter sentences which
gluten would finally adhere to the    would not look well in print and
hen   with   the  aid   of  a   monkey
wrench and hammer will begin tak-
; into the dough, more water wili    Bakers Use Too Much Dusting Flour ing the device apart and removing
'       '■•       •      ■'            "              Mo8t bakers use entirely too much the flour which is balled up on ^e
dusting   flour   when   manipulating interior, and, naturally, blame the
doughs    Th. writer ventures to say device § for pot  operating  properly
,i   . .          ,.  ,   i   i. ,. „.;n ,,., rr ,,'„ when it is m reality he who is to
that the average naker win use mmi
,"i in -> pounds of dusting flour to a lame.
tOO pounds of flour used ... making Using Corn and Rke Fbur as
the  dough.    It   is a  common  sight _     .      .
i.i           ,    ;,n,. Dusting Agents
when going into a oaKery, especially °    °
the smaller bakeries, to see a baker During the war when the Food
I i ci   a scoop holding from  t to  > Administration  reigned,  the  baker
p< unds of flour, placing the same on used many kinds <>\' cereal meals, as
to the bench, using nearly the entire dusting agents.    Among these were
amount  to spread on to the bench corn, rice and a combination oi corn
bi fore he puts on the dough, and and rice flours.    Many bakers ob-
then after he has put the dough on tained good results with these dust-
the bench he proceeds to divide it, [ng agents, while others obtained re-
llg   a   liberal   mass   of   tlour   for v;Up(s   which   were   not   satisfactory.
- very 7 to 10 pieces of dough which Corn, rice and a combination of corn
he cuts off from the batch.    It he ;md rice flour are excellent dilating
would put smaller portions ol dough agents,    They do not contain the
mi io the bench, using a considerably gluten  which  is present  in  wheat
smaller   amount   of   flour   both   in flour and therefore do not have the
dusting the bench and dusting the adhesive  properties.    Considerably
dough, while ii   is being divided he l,.Ss of these dusting  flours ean  be
iench and allow"it to° remain for   would have a much brighter appeal*- used because they will absorb con-
s...,,. time thi dough will adhere to    enee on the upper crust and be able siderable more moisture than ordin-
the   bench   covered   with   dusting   to save money on his dusting flour, ary wheat flour.   It is true that the
flour,   This is due to the dusting                       n    .     n      u   . upper crust of the bread has a gray
fh.ur absorbing the moisture from        Oiade of Dusting Flour Used appearance   and   a   rough   surface
the dough Whieh results in the gluten        Many bakers believe that any old when some of these coarser-ground
in this dusting flour becoming by-    kind of flour will do  for dusting cereals were used  fo some instances
drated   and   adhering  to  the  bench,     purposes and some bakers buy low- the baker was responsible for these
can hold, when the gluten b< conn *
soft p an I ■ onset*.iiently has a tend-
en ri  to stick to the aurface more
readily,   The adhesh e properties ot
the gluten are due to the gliadin
\i hieh is ;j-   onstituent of the gluten
tliadin is a gum like subs! am .
md has powerful adhesive proper
t:,'s. while Ih<  glutenin is a gra)ish
pow d red subsl an *e w hen dr). w hieh
w hi n present in lhe prop' r proportion w ith gliadin and water raak. a
glUtl !!.
Adherent Qualities
Rome flours will produce doughs
which are more sticky than others.
Tins is probabh due to the incr« as
in the ratio ol the gliadin to the gin
tenin, or, in other words, the gliadin
may be present in greater proportions Ymi undoubtedlj ha\e often
noticed that if >ou dust a bench well
and place a slack dough upon the
Deal  With  Our Advertisers:    They  Make This  Official  Publication  Possible  at $2.00 a  Year. 240
undesirable results and in others the
miller. In the first place the baker
would use as much and probably
more of these dusting agents than be
would use when using flour. This
is probably due to the fact that the
baker was accustomed to using
large quantities of flour and the
corn and rice flour flowed much
more freely than the flour which lie
had been accustomed to using. If
corn, rice and a combination of corn
and rice flour are ground to the proper degree of fineness, very good
and probably better results can lie
obtained with these dusting agents
than with ordinary wheal flours.
especially when the lower grades of
wheat flours a.e used, A very finely
ground corn, rice or combination
com  and  riee  flour  will   he  well
adapted for machinery work, as
these dusting agents will flow very
freely and as they have hiu'h absorp-
tive properties, one-half to two-
thirds less may he used, and as thes !
dusting agents are very white they
will not show those dark streaks in
the interior of the loaf one is apt t •
find when using low-grade wheat
flour. The gray appearance aud
rough surface on the upper crust of
the loaf evident when these cercah
were used during the war, was din-
to the impossibility of breaking no
the coarse granules by the steam and
heat of ihe oven present in too large
By using small quantities of a fine
ly  ground  corn  and  nee  meal,  tins
undesirable characteristic will not he
The window bakery, as known iu
the   States,   has  so   far  been   absent
from our coast cities.   There are one
or two gas-oven bakeries in Vancou
ver, hut the first of the American
type of window   bakeries is imw  he
ing installed on Hastings Street, and
it   is Stated   that   the  intention  is to
instal another fi\ •■ in the eit\.    Blec
trie ovens arc used, and the work h
all done m  ful! sight  of the puhlie.
the bread being sold hot  from tic
0\ ells.
Just how Dr. [Inderhtlt, the Van«
couver medical health officer, will
loo]; on tins innovation is not iiure
for he lias Blwayi* been an opponent
oi hot bread w hi h is belie*, ed to
l»c j-] jurious to digest ion.
Tested Recipes from Practical Bakeshops
,&;  ^te*2sJj£*U**    '
3 pounds of flour (more if need-
ed !. :; j ounce of salt, j L- pound of
lard. 2 ounces of good baking powder.  1   quart   of milk.    Divide  Hie
flour in 2 parts; in one part rub the
lard, in the other sift the bakitlg
powder ami add the salt to the milk.
Make a hole in the tlour. with tlie
lard   in   it.  add   the  milk   and   sail ;
Stir it around- then udd the flour and
? he ! i ing pou th r in n and finish
mixing, adding what more flour may
be ne< did to form an easy rolling
dough.     Mix   thoroughly*,   turn   out
Telephone: Seymour 3029
latHun $c (SampIirU
Bakers and Confectioners
Ice Cream Parlor Equipment
We arc here to furnish your requirements
in any or all of the above lines.
A visit to our stock room will convince
you that we have the merchandise to fill
those requirements.
If you are not  one of our satisfied  cus
tomers,  give us an  opportunity of serving
you.    We know the results will  he to add
you to the list.
Phone or mail orders given prompt attention.
Almond's Limited
Office and Warehouse: 110 Water Street
Illustrated Catalogue on Application
Bakers and Confectioners'
Machinery   and   Supplies
a specialist, in ioiy calling, Ii •■'!•• equipped to product result! promptly, satisfactorily ana economically
Tiii.s H whert our plant differs from tha average print*
log office Wt carry In stock many lont <>f colored card
boards f<>r Immediate uss Al ons operation with our
modem  specialty  machinery,   wt   prim   tickets   in   two
Colors on  front  of  tlcktl   and  on  the  back;   numttcr  finch
ticket thi* tarns or consecutively ami perforate theel
both wayi; or we can prlnl your tickets and re*wlnd
into roiiH to suit, each ti'-kr! numbered consecutively
and correctly, Wt make bread labels in two colore for
the prlct of print In* one color, in Quantities, ami put
up into rolls of r, ofio We makt tnt tickets for the
B.C.I?. Hv by t)i" millions for tht North Vanoouvef
IFVrries: for the Government  Amusement Tax,  also up
In   the   million*,   nn'   nil   kinds   Of   thtfttrt   llckttS.     Mny
wi'  n't  hn of nrrvli'p  to you
Phone   Bnyvlew   351
2092 2nd   AVENUE   WEST VANCOUVER,   B    C. w
;,n. '     l""!tV5     » 8 *J* ; h'u     ' o» « ';' wit,    i | i or lard eolid b#tt, I.. .!,.• baking tl.cy should
ha!   Uhh ,n "»>«»«■ wd '»' UP   or butter, I in ol mill , 1 ,«,,. oi run   Uwtber,  thus  formina  good
!l ■ i';'U!! r'm!!'1 fmtt> \* M/;' l0    B I bakinjj powder  a g 1 flavom tup) ruakl,   Any leftover ones may
^•ttthem    ,,ii,m,,n    w hiiik th. m «gs into u,- be cut in two and dried aud sold
milk; add th.  sugar  sftti ;tu«i fli a>. tweet rusks,
>our, and let it dissolv**,   Tin n sift
to /us' touch, wash with milk and
n a  iu it    t 'iittiiia ill- in
up ■« l:■■  m ' -      ': "! hl" ' !",!"'    the baking powder into about »/2 a
balling them and letting them clotw
enough  together  on
Will to;;   '
a squat
Just S s\ I
N .     no ,,.,«
pound nl ilmn , then rub the lard
into the _' pounds ol flour; make b
hole in n, add the milk  with tlie
c pans lha
!\l MM I  i OHIO out
\ unit
! "«     1101      '.' > 11 K I
ol   ' BI
mi ol     In- m . ,|,
I    I...-,,
12 Ihv tlour, I lbs; golden syrup,
sugar, pgg« and flsvour in it and IVg lbs. lard, 1% lbs, brown, sugar, *$
stir all together.   Kdd the flour with ounces ground ginger, 1 ounce am-
: !"             the baking powder in it and finish monia, l quart water, lemon flavour*
idding what more flour may ing.   Sift the ginger with the flour,
• I to form an easj working rub in the lard, mix in the sugar,
duUtrh.     Well   and   fully   mix<  then and make a  bay.    Powder and dis-
iiii'n it on your hoard, break H up solve the ammonia in the water, st iv
m pieces in lizi  to Bell al 1" cents it int<    Iir syrup, and turn all into
•    - ounces     j,,,,- dozen; ball them up round, and the bay.    Add the flavouring and
>'d it is sup     u,l)U(j unij t.j,.;ir   place them ]j an sufficient colour to give a rich tint to
' |         '           n |      irt, or a lit':' less on a but- the batch, stir them in, then make all
lered baking pan with an im*h high up to a stiff dough.   Mold thorough.
rim to it. flatten them a little, wash ly, roll out sheets 's of an inch thick,
I should    them with '--'l' and milk wash, but cut  out  with  a  round  cutter, and
do not let it run down the sides, place the cakes on well-buttered tins.
Let them !a\ out of the over from Wash over with a water brush, and
:. to ]n minutes, then hake in a good bake in a sharp oven.
■ • !
« d sugar. t eggs
Bakers' and Confectioners' Supplies
a Pure Milk in Powder Form. Manufactured by  CANADIAN  MILK
PRODUCTS,  LTD., Toronto, Can-
a Pmv Malt Extract for Bakers,     Manufactured   by   THE   AMERICAN
DIAMALT CO., Cincinnati, Ohio.
—for Confectionery and Cake Work,   Manufactured by THE COWAN CO.,
LTD., Toronto, Canada.
LUULNULU Manufactured by W. J. BUSH & CO,,
■—Flavorings, Harmless Colors, Essen-      LTD.. London, Eng., and Montreal,
tial Oils, etc, Canada.
'^V OfiSdtc Offence SJiftif^jrc/"
I HI Lll   UUUUU Manufactured by MANSELL, HUNT,
—of all kinds, Lace Mats, Charlotte     CATTY & CO., LTD., London, Eng.,
Russe Cups, Cake Ornaments, Etc,        and Montreal, Canada.
130 Water Street     Vancouver, B. C. L'42
Established 1890
Our Motto is -SERVICE"
We cannot offer to sell you goods cheaper than any other firm is in a portion to do, but we CAN
give actual facts to prove that it is
to deal with us
Stands for the Highest Grade Butter
It is our endeavour to maintain the Highest Standard, and you can safely RECOM
MEND this brand to your customers,
Reliability goes with SHAMROCK BRAND
P. Burns & Company, Limited
EFFICIENCY Brand Heavy Rubber Footwear
Brown and White.
-AND LIGHT RUBBERS. Send Your Rush Ordoro to U».
Gutta  Percha &  Rubber.  Ltd.
564 YATES STREET, VICTORIA. Vancouver's Most Up-to-date Flour and Feed Mill
with niarliiiHTy [installed radically different from any other Mill in Canada.   Inaugurated t" supply the highest grade o!
This Mill in designed *«. supply the needs so long d< sired in this community for Poultry
and all Classes of I'Vnls >.f th<« highest Quality, and has always given satisfaction to
the trade in the past
Come in and get acquainted for our mutual benefit.
Victory Flour Mills, Limited
Phones: Sevmour 3242   3243   3244
m . ss <t
The Grocer
Who Features
Instant Postum
supplies a need to his trade which is sure to make for
him a continuous and good profit.
of health or economy.   This trade is worth building up.
Sale guaranteed, profit sure, demand increasing—Keep
well stocked with Postum.
"There's a Reason"
Canadian Postum Cereal Co., Ltd., Windsor, Ont.
1 I il
Oleomargarine is a popular
. Line,
Eaten all
Over in
Many a clime,
And though many Brands may
Roam in sight, when you
Get " Premium" it's
If it's QUALITY Products your customers
Need,    Premium n Products are
Ever in the lead.
Canadian Company, Limited
Vancouver      New Westminster      Victoria       Nelson       Calgary       Edmonton
Guaranteed 100% Pure
Especially Suitable for use in all Types of Washing Machines
Price: $4.75 per case—25 lbs.


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