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The British Columbia Retailer Apr 30, 1921

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Array i :
THIRTEENTH  YEAR
APRIL, 1921
The British Columbia
Dry Goods - Groceries - Hardware - General Merchandise
20c Per Copy; $2.00 Per Year.
Vol. XII., No. 8.
VANCOUVER, B.C.
You Cannot Have
Good Bread
Unless You Use
Good Flour
OGILVIE'S
Royal Household Flour
Is the Realization of All That is Best in Flour
THE
Ogilvie Flour Mills Co.,
Vancouver, B. C.
314 Dominion Bldg.
Phone Sey. 6891 Eliminate Error
Save Time
Save Worry
BURROUGHS"
Retail Model - Price only $185
Terms If Desired
A FULLY EQUIPPED, VISIBLE ADDING AND LISTING MACHINE
Expressly Designed and Built for
"COUNTER"   AND   "GENERAL"   FIGURE   WORK
IN   RETAIL  STORES
Our representative will be pleased to call and demon*
strate this Machine, and its application to your
particular requirements.
Drop  Us a  Line, or Phone,  Seymour 466
Burroughs Adding Machine of Canada, Limited
Factory at Windsor, OnL
E.  C.  COLEMAN,  Agency   Manager for  B.C.
119 Pender Street W.      VANCOUVER,  B.C.
Phone Seymour 466
Try These
Papers
Ocean Palis Krafl and Manila papers are
acknowledged to l'<k equal to the fines! made
anvwhere. Tough and strong bodies, clean
colored, they will especially  recommend them
s.'h i s at the fii si trial.
These stood papers arc made righl iu B.C.,
ami v*ou will find tins facl an ad<led induce
men! to use I hem a! this time when we wan!
io keep the wheels nl home industn humming
Delivered in aii>  width and hi shorl order.
Smith, Davidson & Wright, Ltd.
Manufacturers and Wholesale  Paper Dealers
VANCOUVER and VICTORIA, B.C.
B.C. District Telegraph & Delivery Co., Limited
Amalgamated With FIRE  PATROLS, LIMITED.
  Seymour G51
516 HASTINGS STREET WEST
ELECTRIC PROTECTION AGAINST BURGLARY       MANUAL FIRE ALARMS
CENTRAL STATION SYSTEM OF NIGHT WATCH SIGNALS
ELECTRIC SUPERVISION OF AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEMS
During the Past Year Our Patrols Reported
and Attended to:
403 DOORS LEFT OPEN.
190 WINDOWS LEFT OPEN or BROKEN.
454 LIGHTS Left ON by Accident.
87 LIGHTS Left OFF by Accident.
17 SAFES Left OPEN by Accident.
FIRE PROTECTION ADVISORY DEPT.
WATCHMAN'S PATROL.
MERCHANTS' POLICE.
SPECIAL SALVAGE.
LIGHT CONTROL
UNIFORMED MESSENGER SERVICE
We Work in Co-operation with the City Fire and  Police  Departments,
We Answered 207 FIRE CALLS Threatening Our Clients
Phone or Write for PHirthcr Information. 1021
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
275
Clerk B has made a cash sale for $1.00
The indication at the top of an up-to-date National
Cash Register gives publicity to every transaction.
The merchant, the clerk, and the customer see this
record.
This prevents mistakes in price and in making
change.    It removes temptation.
The record shown in the indication is printed on a
strip of paper which is locked up inside the register.
This record also is printed on a receipt for the
customer.
The amounts indicated and printed arc added into
totals which show, at a glance, (I) the total business
handled by each clerk, and (2) the total of each kind
of transaction.
This assures the merchant that every sale is handled
accurately. It also assures him of accurate records
which give him control of his business.
BB   --
This is the indication. "Ca"
shows it was a cash sale. "B"
is the clerks initial. "1.00"
is the price.
Charge sales are indicated by
"Ch." received on account by
"Re." and paid out transactions by "Pd."
Tlie same indication shows on
both front and back of the
register.
We make cash registers for every line of business
NATI ON AL
CASH  REGISTER CO*
OF   CANADA  LIMITED 1
270
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
April
ROGERS'
GOLDEN SYRUP
titv
The End of a Perfect Day"
jjMade from finest flavoured cane Bugar, a Bpecial grade of which ia imported for the
purpose.
ftPut up in all sizes of packages to suit your customers' requirements,
flJn packages designed to beautify your si ore.
2-lb. tins, 24 to a case. 10-lb. tins, 6 to a case.
5-lb. tins, 12 to a case. 20-lb. tins, 8 to a case.
Perfect Seal jars, 12 to a case.
The British Columbia Sugar Refining Go. Ltd.
VANCOUVER, B.C. 1921
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
277
St. Francis Hotel
Directly opposite C.P.R, Depol and one block
from   Posl   Office  and  the  business  centre.
MODERN IN KVKKV RESPECT
European Plan, $1.50 Up.   Cafe in Connection.
J. NATION A SON, Managers.
Patronize Home Industry
BUY
COLUMBIA BRAND
Writing Tablets
— and
School Supplies
Made in B.C.
Wrapping Paper, Twine, St. Lawrence
Paper Bags, Toilet Paper, Picnic
Sundries and Stationery
Columbia Paper Co., Ltd.
VANCOUVER and VICTORIA, B.C.
Lake of the Woods
Milling Company
LIMITED
Makers of
FIVE ROSES
♦ FLOUR •
The World's Best
Daily Capacity 14.200 Bbls.
B.C. Offices and Warehouses:
1300 Richards Street 1614 Store Street
VANCOUVER VICTORIA
No "talking up" is ever required to
sell a customer Eddy's Matches or
Eddy's Indurated Pibreware.
Bee ii u a e everybody everywhere
knows what the name Eddy guarantees Matches as good as human
skill can make them—Indurated
Fibrcware Utensils, light, clean, durable and sanitary.
Quality and Consumer Publicity are
the two big selling forces that make
these Eddy Products eertain sellers
and sure repeaters.
THE
E. B. EDDY CO., LUTED
HULL, CANADA. 278
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
Al
in
MR. RETAILER ——
You will find it easy to speed
up your sales if you will cooperate with our advertising
department
Our newspaper advertising campaigns for the coming
year addressed to the housewife are unusually stronv;
in appeal, particularly those for ROYAL STANDARD
Flour and and WILD ROSE delicious Pastry Flour,
The difference between these two products— the one
from the hard kernelled wheat and the other from soft
wheat, is pointed out in forcible manner, the advantages being shewn from the standpoints of both satisfactory baking results and economy. Books showing
these campaigns are in preparation and we shall be
pleased to forward you copies when they are completed.
These will show you what we are doing to help you
sell these products and how you can help us to help
you.
Royal Standard
FLOUR
"MAKES LIGHTER, WHITER BREAD"
This slogan will bo backed up \>.' ttfO&f "reason-why"
advertising. showfni; the housewife bOH thin splendid
flour is made from 'the beat of the best wh(Ml "    The
modem milling processes i*>  which this superlative
quality is attained will be shown by drawings of the
machinery, the Interior of the \arious units, nnd of the
laboratory.    The food qualities will be emphasUod as
win the cleanliness of the processes.
Wild Rose Pastry Flour
The appetite appeal srlil be emphasised in this earn*
paisn.   The richness of the flour and the economy of
Its use instead of ordinary flour for pastry,
She Will Ask for These Flours—Will You
O.ve Them to Her?
Vancouver Milling & Grain 60., Limited
OFFICES AND MILLS
VANCOUVER, B.C.
Branches: Victoria, Nanaimo, New Westminster, Mission City.
Agencies: Duncan, Courtenay, Langley Prairie, Clovertlale, Ladner.
J. C. WILSON, LIMITED
—Makers of
The " Standard" Paper Bag
UNEQUALLED FOR STRENGTH AND DURABILITY
Phone Sey. 781
And of the following lines:—
Greaseproof Paper Pie Plates
Stationery
Ice Cream Plates
Oyster Pails
Twines
Wrapping Paper
Toilet Paper
Phone Sey. 781
1068 HOMER STREET
VANCOUVER,  B.C. 1021
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
27!)
8ft
BRITISH COLUMBIA
RtTAILLK
Published Monthly.
THIRTEENTH YEAR
GROCERIES, DRYGOODS.
HARDWARE,
t;HNIORAL MBRCHANDISE.
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF B.C. BOARD
RETAIL MERCHANTS'
ASSOCIATION OF CANADA.
A MONTHLY JOUENAL published in the interest of Retail Merchandising and the Development Of Commerce in Western Canada.
SUBSCRIPTION RATH: Two Dollars Per Year, payable in advance.
Advertising Rates on Application.
Editor: W. J   HUGO
Publisher*: PROGRESS PUBLISHING CO., LTD.
EDITORIAL AND BUSINESS OFFICES:
LONDON BUILDING, VANCOUVER, B.C.
Cable Address   "SHIPPING.-' All Codes Used.
Telephone, Seymour 3861.
Vol. XII . Hi
APRIL, 1921.
Vancouver, B.C.
READ,   MARK.   LEARN"
Our editorial under thin head \n
last month's issue has drawn the following letter from Mi". Thos, I..
Leckie, the senior inspector ol the
Departmeul   of  Health  al  Ottawa,
furnisher, or it may be done beforehand/'
The wording of the Bee tion is as
follows:
"17. 1 It' the person accused
proves to the magistrate before
whom any prosecution is brought for
selling, offering <>r exposing for sale
anv article of food or drug that is
adulterated or misbranded, that he
purchased the article in question
for and as an article of the same
the person originally accused, but
also as regards the third party so
brought into the case.'"
So it is plain that where a retailer
imports direct from a foreign country without the intervention or assistance of an agent for the outside
concern living in Canada, such retailer is to all intents and purposes,
as far as Canada is concerned, a manufacturer, because the Dominion
Government has no jurisdiction over
a foreign manufacturer or dealer.
Honey produced outside of Canada
does not come under the Dominion
regulation to have its weight indicated, and so the onus is on the retailer that the weight is as he represents.
The section quoted gives the retailer the chance to shelve the responsibility on those from whom he purchased, provided he himself is innocent in the matter, for a retailer is
as liable to do wrong as anybody
else, and if he adulterates, misrepresents or lessens the contents, ho
should suffer. If he is innocent, then
he is merely used as a witness and is
penalized in no way.
who courteouslj puts ns righl in the    nature, substanci and quality as that
demanded of him by the purchaser
or inspect or, and also proves that he
following trims:
" I have .'"st been reading an editorial in the March issue nt' your sold it in the same state as that in
journal entitled'Read, Mark, Learn.' which he purchased it and that he
'I. note a reference to the r^ood could not with reasonable diligence
and Drugs Act and n statement to have obtained knowledge of its adul-
the effect that the retailer is respon- tcratinu or misbranding, he shall bo
sible for the goods sold by him. This discharged from such prosecution,
statement is quite correct, but it bul shall be liable to pay the costs
docs not go far enough, as he may incurred by the prosecutor, unless
pass   on   the   responsibility   to   the he  has given  due  notice  to  him  or
manufacturer, furnisher or importer, (fives notice in court that he will
as provided in Section 17 of the eii rely on  the above defence and  has
closed Act, and the editorial says he called or calls the party from whom
can   not. he  purchased   the  said  article  into
"I   may   say   that   advantage  1ms the case as hereinafter provided.
been taken of this section, in several       M(2)    If  the   person   presenting
recent prosecutions, both in Ontario such  defence shall, upon his sworn
and Quebec, and I have drawn Mr. declaration  that  he purchased the
Trowern's attention  to this section article in good faith and as provided
of the Act, for ill the last preceding subsection.
The method of procedure is that obtain a summons to call such third
inspector   issues   information    from party into the case, the magistrate
the party from whom he purchased shall al  the same time hear all the
the sample, if the vendor can estab- parties and decide upon the entire
lish  the fact  asked of him. he may merits   of   the   ease,   including   the
in court, lay information against his question of costs, not only as regards
TO AID YOU IN MAKING YOUR
TAX RETURNS
The following from Mr. Trowern,
of the head office, should be of interest to all retail merchants:
"We have had several enquiries
as to the manner in whieh retail
merchants are required by the Government to take their inventories so
as to be able to show their returns
under the business profits War Tax
Act.
"We have been asked if it is permissible to take stock at present
market value or at cost, in order
that we might send you the latest,
ruling we have taken this matter up
with the Government and thev state
that it is permissible to take stock
at cost price or market value, whichever is the lowest, but in the declaration on th*1 face of the tax return it
must be stated on what basis your
inventory has been made, but it is
not permissible to take credit for any
anticipated decline in market values.
"Decline in market value of merchandise which takes place within
one year of the close of the accounting period is taken into consideration by the taxation branch of the
Department of Finance, when determining the tax payable under the
Husiness Profits War Tax Act, or the
Income War Tax Act.
"This information we feel should
be of material benefit to your mem-
)ors.
Deal With Our Advertisers:    They Make Thia Official Publication Possible at $2.00 a Year. 280
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILEB
April
Vancouver's Spring Opening
BY UNCLE DICK
Thirty-four Enterprising Firms Enter Show  Window  Competition and
Earn the Gratitude of the Promoters and the City Generally for Intelli
gent aid Painstaking Efforts.
PRIZE WINNERS
prize money considerations, profited
First.  Cunningham's   Drug   Store.   Do-     by increased attention given to their
minion  Bu Iding;  second, A.  I. Stoddart     stores by lhe passing public, inereas
(drygoods\     uranville     Street     South,     ed sales, and increased publicity , the
Other   stores   given   honorable   mention
judges,   We  are  sure,   certainly   en
were David Steele. Dall Real Lace Com- , _      ,    ,,
u        i   i »w   c-k., o,«   Th«s    loved the honor and the work tnai
pany.  Hermans Ltd.,  Saba  Bros., Tno*. •'  •
foster & Co., Innledew Shoe Co., Merritt attended   it;   the   City   bciietlttcl   by
<&. Beaton, Fourth Avenue West; Ready's this   added   smartness   of   its   store
Millinery, Granville Street;   McTaggarfs (j()!H    ;lI)|j   ,),,.   wrJ{er    wejj   )u.   unts
Grocery. Robson and Howe Streets. ^ ,. )f (,   Rnyway ,
If the traders concerned want a Generally speaking, the displays
straight-froin-thc-shoulder    talk    on Vriv good. There were some Strang'*
the recent window dressing contest lapses as tn color combinations from
nt Vancouver, they can read the fob gtores that one would least expeel it,
lowing!    It   is often  the  ease  that, all(j  there  were the inevitable win
people   deprecate   the   meaningless dows that overdid the thing and by
flowing talk that is circulated "ti crowding, spoilt all.   Selling "pull''
such occasions in such reports as (](M.S ,1()j necessarily mean big price
these, and it is the object of the ran!s, and ye1, it must be silggestc I
writer to point out iu a necessarily somehow. Verj feu windows "t
brief manner some of the good ami {'•ended in the first respect, but quite
bad points of the various displays a pew failed to eombinfe business
so that those concerned ma)' possibly    ^vitfa art   Lighting elects were, gen
erally speaking, conspicuous Ity
their absence, and there was a lack
ol originality in man) cases There
were Borne very fine displays ol
Easter and Spring, 1921, goods en
the three days of the "opening of
the  season,'"   March   17,   18  and   19,
profit thereby. This is written without fear or favour, and should be
accepted in a reciprocal spirit
Full particulars of this competition
appeared in our last issue and we
would add that we feel that the three
judges, being the Society Editors of
the three Vancouver dailies, Mrs. R. and the four departmental BtoVes
F. Green of the Province. Mrs. <;. I,\ name,!, while nol competing, mad !
Toombs of the Sun. and Miss W. A. tremendous efforts in friendly rival
Davenport of the World, found the ry to show jusi what their trimmers
task none too easy, although the first could do, with exquiate results,
prize was outstandingly clear. The And now for the thirty-four corn-
fact that there were so many worthy petitors. The drygoods window of
of honorable mention shows how ft. A. Parker, 1800 Commercial Drive,
dose   they   all   came   to   the   prize was plain but solid and sensible, and
money of $100 and $50 respectively, <;. j, Fowler's display at 139 Hast
and the judgment  of the ladies, in jIILrs   \v,.st,   of   women's   wear   had
the writer's opinion, was based on „ianv fine points although not rank
most    democratic,    solid,    common- j„,_, ■,•,,,}, j„ its color scheme,    R, S.
sense  and  practical   lines,  ami   was Knowlton,    druggist,    53    Hastings
formed only after very careful con- street  East,  had a  very  practical
sideration of all the points involved, window   in   which   Canadian-made
The idea of the competition was a goods  were  featured,  and   the   Ww
fine one, and it should be repeated York Outfitting Company. 143 lias!
at some not distant date, for it really ingS West, did not make the usually
results in good to all concerned. The common  mistake  of overcrowding,
donors of the prizes, the "Bay," but were not strong on color combin
Drysdale's,   Spencer's   and   Wood- ation,   The Vancouver Cloak & Suit
wards, must certainly be happy after Company. 522 Hastings Street West,
the congratulations received on their did not trouble much about colour.
well-considered policy oi putting up but bad a very sensible window.    A
the prizes and remaining out of the fine window in the writer's humble
competition themselves; the K.M.A. opinion, was that of the Cluff Shoe
pre surely entitled to ihe credit for Store, 600 Hastings Street West. The
the enterprise and for the smooth idea of a border to the display of
way it was carried out; the competi- shoes that confined the trim to a
tors themselves, quite irrespective of space well removed from the -/lass.
was a splendid one, and aided l>\
nice!} placed cut  fern, the window
was undoubtedly  a meritorious one.
The Famous Suit & Cloak Company,
623 I last in .rs Street West, were
tasteful in then- arrangement, bul
their colours did nol mingle, anil
Cuthbertaoti & Son, men's furnish'
ings, 619 Hastings West, were over
crowded, although there was n ver\
effective use of mirroring Millar
iV. Coe., china dealers, 117 Hastings
Street   West,   had   a   colour   scheme
that   did  not   appeal,  but.   ft   was an
uncommon   window   in   many   respects;  the   iale   Shoe   Store,  30a
Hastings Street West, was not strik
ing,  d' spit •  a  \ cry  artistic  back
ground,    It   was at  Cunningham.'"
Drug Store, Dominion Building, tl
verji   genuine admiration  was  fell
ami lhe picture m this issue ami tin
description thai uoos with il will b
all there is to tell of tins small, un
ostentatious   but   harmoniously   ar
ranged v ii idon    Thi i Posti r >v I -o .
."'1!  Granville, mens clothing, had
fi   ■  fine windows, each depleting A
difl rent   ityh   in  men s o*t crcoat i
nnd   suits,  and   Hermans  Limited,
ladns  w >nr, 52» (Iran villi", is ad some
most lifeli i  full w., , • nires, fasl
iouab! j  attired, resulting m a m
srt isl ■■ end  well balanced  w indow .
David   Steeh   Limited,  ladies'
Idreti s wear, 536 I Iran*' ille, • ■
dent') had a master hand as a ti i
mer on its two windows, the marvel
lous blending of       ies    in oi •   h
m contrasting wa ilours wan ■• m
good. I iitti ■ rtson s, 6*1^ • Iran** ille,
was s practical window, and Sana
Brother**, 652 Gi in ille ladles' store,
had a verj original idea in a lar '•
palette, with rich drapes ol silk end
ing "ii its surface to represent the
arti-* n colours, the pronounced
shade*, difficult '«> blend, being ar
rani*- d i y a master hand. Hunter.
Henrli rson Paint I o„ 612 I ll am ille,
\*i '-,. handicapped by the prosai
nature of the materials they bad to
v 01'    w ith,   but   they   made   a   \' i
i reditable show,   The Ingli dew <'•■
*. * * t * i iran\ ille, had a piquant colour
scheme  in  blue,  that   pr< sented
nuict but most effective window, and
the  (Icor fia   Pharmacy,   comer  ol
Georgia and Granville, had some on
irinal featuri s», w ell display ed. plenty
of rich velvet aiding in the general
scheme,   stark Shoe (!o, 693 Gran
villc, bad a good if not original win
dow, pud Miss Ready, milliner. 661
Granville, whose window  was proh
ab1 v t he smallest in I he w hob' com
net-Hion, made wonderful use of her
limited oppnHunltv by an art  fen
fur- of much  refinement  of taste,
You Have Not Read This Journal, Until You   Have Studied the Advertisement*. 1921
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
281
THE S10C PRIZE WINDOW OF CUNNINGHAM S DRUG STORE (No. 5), DOMINION BLDG., VANCOUVER.
The above is a photographic reproduction of the window which was awarded First Prize in the Retail Merchants' Association's
Spring Opening Window Competition. It was trimmed by Miss Alice B. Ott, and features the "Eudora" perfume and toilet
preparations, and represents Spring in all its glory. The background consists of palms and ferns, with hyacinths, poppies and
forget-me-nots, making .1 wonderful color scheme. The marble fountain and the statue of the "Goddess of Spring" were admirable artistic addition*, while "Cupid" was depicted shooting arrows at an artistic card announcing that "Eudora" was the
"Fragrance of Spring ' On a royal blue drape of plush were displayed the "Eudora" preparations, each bearing a neat price
ticket which harmonized with the card and easel.   The practical  value  of the  window was conclusively  shown  by the greatly
augmented sales.
Goldbloom's Limited, 651 Granville,
delighted feminine eyes with their
fashionable "trim," without great
originality, and the hall Real Lace
Co., 615 Granville, had a soft colour
scheme   thai    showed   their   dainty
wares to fine advantage, .McDonald
&  Harper, milliners, 721 Granville,
featured a beautiful lighting effect
on   goods   ".Made   in   Canada,"   and
McRobbie's shoe Store. 786 Granville, made a neat and tempting show
of shoes, but struck no original
note Lisle Fraser's sportin_r goods
window was a little heavy, although
most businesslike, and that master
<>f good show windows, 'The McTaggart," of McTaggart's Grocery,
Robson and Howe, got unbelievable
results from just oranges, lemons
and biscuits, The Chocolate Shop.
•Ida Granville, had two windows iu
distinct contrast, one ill which rich
green velvet formed a carpet for al
hiring boxes of chocolates and the
other of a miscellaneous collection ol
Raster novelties. Cunninghams
Drug store, Hastings ami Granville,
was tempting but completely shaded
by its down-town brother.   Merriti
\ Beaton, grocers, 2250 Fourth Avenue West, had a tine suburban window. It depicted a house made of
soap, with a roof of block "blue," a
lawn of "diistbane." and other
everyday household commodities
went to make up an ingenious window. The Gem Confectionery (Mrs.
Goddard . 2262 Fourth Avenue W..
made a creditable showing, and the
Kitsilano Hardware. JL'TS Fourth
Avenue West, used its materia] to
good advantage. A. I. Stoddart s
fine store at 2127 Granville Street,
gave a variety of poses in its spacious
! rout aire. There were some woll-
dispiayed drapes of seasonable goods
with originality throughout, and, the
picture pari was furnished by a
rustic scene where a lady was shown
picking very real looking lilac from
a very real looking lilac tree. The
illusion was kept up still further by
the use of real turf. McAllister's
dry goods window was splendid at
2405 Main, and the Clapp Shoe Store
at 2301 Main was another creditable
display, d. N. Harvey, men's and
boys' furnishings, made effective use
of his big windows, aud the Wilson
Shoe Co. gave its well-known brands
a splendid airing without, however,
reaching a prize standard.
THE PATH THE CALF MADE
(Contributed by a well-known member of
the Vancouver Branch of the R.M.A.)
One day through the primeval wood
A   calf,   walked   home,   as   good   calves
should:
Hut  made a trail all bent askew,
A crooked trail, as all calves do.
And from that day, o'er hill and glade.
Through   those  old   woods  a   path   was
made:
And many men wound in and out,
And dodged and turned and bent about:
And  uttered  words  ot* righteous  wrath,
Because 'twas such a crooked path.
The years pass on in swiftness fleet:
The road became a village street:
And this before they were aware
A  nity's crowded thoroughfare.
A hundred thousand men were led
By one calf near three centuries dead.
They followed still his crooked way,
And lost one hundred years a day:
For such a reverence is lent
To well established precedent.
—Sam   Walter  Fosa. 282
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
Apr i
B
E PREPARED-WHEN
ASK FOR THESE
^i
l**l**fes
HADE IN
B.C
**5B^
YOUR CUSTOMERS
PRODUCTS
"CANADIAN BRAND" MACARONI
READY CUT MACARONI.
SPAGHETTI.
VERMICELLI.
NOODLES.
SUGARHOUSE MOLASSES.
"NUTRO"
PEANUT BUTTER.
"WAFFLE BRAND" FANCY TABLE SYRUP
KELLY'S MINCEMEAT.
BLACK STRAP MOLASSES CHEF MOLASSES.
KIRMESS
SUPREME
PREMIER
VICTOR
1
J
CHOCOLATES
in
BULK AND FANCY BOXES.
GROSS GOODS
5c BARS.
10c PACKAGES.
Caramels, Fruit Drops, Balls, Fudges, Gum and Jelly Goods,  Kisses,  Marshmailow Mixtures,  Satins,
Turkish Delight, etc.
RELIABLE REPEATERS ALWAYS
The Kelly Confection Company Ltd.
Insurance
Cost
By a careful selection of risks we are saving the retailer each
year over a third of his insurance premiums, in twenty
years we have saved the property owner over $4,000,000 in
premiums.    Write for full particulars to
Retail Merchants Underwriters Agency
501 Vancouver Block
Vancouver, B. C.
m  ;;
All policies  guaranteed by the Northwestern Mutual Fire
Association, with assets of over two million dollars. 1921
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
281)
full line of confectionery aud buys
all that is possible in the way of raw
}iml packing matt-rials required in
British Columbia and Canada as far
as possible.
KELLY  CONFECTION  CO.  LTD.,
HAVE FINE VANCOUVER
PLANT
The Kelly (Confection I *o, Ltd., of
1106 Mainland Street, Vancouver, ii
another of those "all B.C." concerns
thai do one good to visit, revealing
many things thai even the best«
posted of us are do) conversant with.
Escorted by the courteous man_
sger, Mr. M. Bolduc, we found so
much on the s,,;| 'ious five floors and
basemen! of this plant, that we gave
op the idra of covering all its industry and are giving principally particulars of the molasses, syrup and
honey trade thai is catered for b)
this well established concern,
With railway sidings at both the
front. a:,<l rear of tllO premises, ship
ping facilities could nol be better,
Such materials as refiner's Byrup,
glucose and molasses are handled in
tank cars and are soon emptied by
gravity into the huge storage tanks
in tin' basement. The firm also import niolassos direct from the plan
tations in barrels and puncheons.
Four of these tanks, each of 10.00!)
gallons capacity, are six feel higii
and 50 feet lon^. and there is one
vertical lank holding 30,000 gallons,
Thence it is pumped to the top floor
and stored in ten 1,000 gallon tanks.
lo descend lo the cooking and filter
Ing tanks on a lower floor as needed.
Two 1,000 gallon tanks on this floor
blends, cooks and filters the molas-
ses, which is then dropped to a lower
floor, which is the filling department,   where   the   different   refined
products are automatically weighed
and filled into the various tin and
glass containers.
Honey comes in five gallon cans
direct from the apiarists, in a candied state, and it is placed in a large
steam heated tank to he drained and
then drops to a jacketed tin-lined
iron tank, where it is strained and
packed in various styles of containers under the well-known "Canadian
Brand" label. This honey is not
adulterated in any way. or blended,
and goes out absolutely pure.
In this, one of the most modern
synip and molasses plants in ('anada. nothing is touched by hand in
the whole course of processing in
that 40,000 square feet of floor space,
where  10 "white" men aud women
are employed.   It has a capacity of
.")()() cases each nine-hour day. and
the pumping equipment will fill two
bulk carloads daily.
We must not overlook the "Waffle
Brand" table syrup, which is a blend
of pure cane and maple sugar syrup.
which replaces the pure maple at
about half the price. The maple
sugar comes in^arlots in the original
farmers' packages, and is blended
and cooked in the huge steam-
jacketed tanks.
The firm also manufactures many
other food products, such as macaroni, peanut butter, mincemeat and a
THE TAX LUXURY.
Taxation, while not perhaps a
popular subject, is at least one very
widely discussed, and iu these times
when larger and ever larger demands
are made upon municipalities and
governments for the extension of existing public services and the undertaking of vast public enterprises,
both of development of natural resource, and social amelioration, it is
well that retailers, who form the
larger part of the tax paying community, should give more than pas
sing attention to every constructive
suggestion made, either by individu-
als or groups, by amateurs or experts, that look toward a solution
of existing taxation problems.
In this connection the report
brought down by Dr. Horace L. Brit-
tain. Director. Citizens Research Institute of Canada, and submitted to
the City Council of Vancouver, is
worthy of careful stud v. While the
report deals witli Vancouver's taxation question, and in that sense has
a local application only, there is much
iu it that has a much wider application, inasmuch as certain principles
are laid down, governing all forms
of taxation, and world authorities
are quoted in support of such principles. It is. of course, impossible to
deal extensively with tlie report within the limits of this article, and so
far for the present all that has been
done is to select a particular form
of taxation, which is recommended
by Dr. Brittain, and received the endorsement of seventeen different
associations of business men, before
being presented to the City Council
of Vancouver. The reason that this
particular form is selected is because
it has a direct application to retail
business, being known as the "Business Tax." This must not be con
fused with the Occupancy Tax, which
the K.M.A. was instrumental in defeating upon the floor of the Provincial Legislature.
Roughly, the business tax, as proposed by Dr. Brittain, is a substitution for the present Personal Property Tax, levied by the Provincial
I i. * «
Government, and is part of a general
proposal to co-ordinate existing revenue raising activities with a view
to greater simplicity, consequent
economy in collection, and more
equitable administration. The proposal includes a suggestion that the
Deal With Our Advertisers:    They Make This Official Publication Possible at $2.00 a Year. L\S4
TIIK BRITISH COLUMBIA RKTA1LKR
April
I!   A
Provincial Income Tax should remain, but should be supplemented by
a business tax. The larger part of
the proceeds of the latter should go
to the Municipalities in which such
business is carried on, for the obvious
reason that it is the Municipality
which renders direct service to business, as such, rather than the Provin
cial Government.
For the purpose of ready analysis
the following summary of the reasons for the Business Tax. which is
printed in the form of question and
answer, will bring the matter out
clearly for the information of the
reader:
Question 1.—Why should the city
receive part of tlie taxes collected
within the city by the Provincial
Government?
Answer—To enable it to meet the
cost of civic government, schools,
etc.
Extract from Dr. Brit tain's report :
"When the Province established
municipalities, it turned over to
them the tax on real property within
their own limits. As the need of the
Province increased it was forced to
seek new sources of revenue, but paralleling the increased needs of the
Province were the increased needs
of the municipalities . . . Yet
the policy of turning over the real
estate taxes to the municipalities was
not followed in the case of the new
taxes, such as the Income Tax.
Amusement Tax. etc."
Question 2—Why should "business" pay a tax to the city0
Answer—Because of the benefits
or services which business receives
from the city.
Extract from report:
"Business receives benefits, direct
and indirect, as a physical entity and
going concern, for which it must
compensate the municipality which
protects ami promotes it."
Extract:
"Business carried on for profits in
any locality, should be taxed for Ihe
benefits it receives as business. '
Extract:
"Because it is a tax on th■> product
of the business, not on the person or
persons who own the business, and
is in return for the various public
services which made the business
possible. It is as direct 8 i barge on
the business as an electric lighl
bill, etc."
Extract:
"But other classes, as well as real
estate owners, share the benefits of
local expenditures. Next to the own
ers of land  and   houses,  iu  this  re-
spect. arc those engaged iu permanent occupations, iu the locality, The
real estate should therefore be sup*
plemented by a business tax, iu tlie
shape of a n al tax. rather than a
personal tax."
Extract:
. . , "the greater proportion of
the Business Tax should be made
available to the municipalities, who
provide the greater part of the direct
services to business . . . business as business . . . should be
taxed fur the public services which
make business possible
Question 3 Is the BusinesH Tax
to be an additional tax on business!
Answer    No.    it is suggested that
it replace the Provincial Income Tax
on business profits, and the Provincial Personal Property Tax.
Extract:
... such tax business tax
is referred tn being the sob- tax on
business as such."
Extract :
" . . . that such busines,
incomes be subjected 'o no further
tax."
Extract:
"Business should, therefor', pay
the municipality some equitable sub.
stitute for a personal property tax.
The   basis  of  the   ta\   sllOUld   be   net
income . . . some payment should
be made, even by business uot making profit ... a minimum payment can be established for the business tax. This would be much fairer
than the existing persona] propert)
tax."
Question I How i» the Husiness
Tax to be collect ?d '
Answer    By  the   Provin ial  I i<»\
eminent.
Extract :
"...   to be administered by
the Province."
Extract:
' It goes uithout saying that a
business tax on net incomes, even
when its returns go tn the municipalities, should be levied and collected by the Province, because it has
the necessary information and machinery, which should be adapted for
its collection. Any other plan would
lead lo duplication of effort ami
machinery, ami would reduce the net
productivity of the tax."
Question 5   Is the net income or
profit of a business, after the deduction of the business tax. liable to In
come Tax'.'
Answer -Yes, it becomes assessable to (personal) Provincial Income
Tax.
I * 11MI llllllll III 1111111 till II111II i IISIIIII tit t III
Made
in
B.C.
□
'Place yjour
SPRIXQ
ORDER.
through
your
'Dealers
LOWEST PRICES  fO
AI WAYS RELIABLE
toim PRODUCTS
INK
ilrrrlrmi Jlrnfturta
llwllrft
iiiiiiiiimmiiiiimimiiiiiiiiiimmiiiiiiii!
CASH
REGISTERS
St. Louis American
Largest dealers of slightly
used National Cash Registers in the West. All much
Ines ful 1 v guaranteed and
sold on MONTHLY PAYMENTS Or liberal discount
fot cash.
Repairs Supplies
Electric  Coffee Mills
Moat Choppers
Computing Scales
Meat Slicers
Old Machines Taken in Part
Payment
Gash Register
and Scale
Service* lAiL
SEYMOUR 2747
You Have Not Read Thia Journal, Until You  Have Studied the Advertliementa. 1921
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
285
Extract :
"The net revenue after the deduction of the business tax would of
course be subject to the personal income tax after the distribution of
profits or dividends to tin- owners of
the business."
Question •>    Is the taxation of bus
iness on the net income basis.'
Answer Yes. nn the net income
or profit.
Extract:
OFFICERS OF THE B.C. BOARD
R.M.A. AND BRANCH
SECRETARIES
B.C. Board
President. M. .1. Phillips. Men's
Furnishings.  New  Westminster.
First Vice-President, Harvey Murphy, Arena Furniahinga, Nanaimo.
Second Vice-President. .1. II. Ash-
well, Department  Store. Chilliwaek.
Hon Treas. Daryl H. Kent, Kent
Piano Co., Ltd . Vancouver,
Secretary. (Joo. S   Hougham,
Branch Secretaries
Abbotaford   d. F  Weir,
Armstrong   A. D. Renault
Chilliwaek    A. Knox.
I 'ourtcnav    F. Field,
Cranbrook   W, M. Harris.
Duncan    It.  A. Thorpe.
Kamlniips   T   .1    Wilcox,
Kclowna    A   S. Wade.
I.adner    C.   F.   Chnmhciiayn**.
I.adysmith   E. Bailey.
Merritt    C.  Iv  Ilowse.
Nanaimo   J, L.  Ward,
Hon. Sec. w. R Griffith.
Nelson   E. F. Qigot,
New Westminster    Walter F. lug.
Penticton    Ii. S. Clark.
Port Alberni    A   I   Bind.
s, Vancouver   L. E. Fowler.
Vernon    .1.  MeAskill.
Victoria   Howard Stevenson,
"Throughout the report the writer
has advocated taxation of person and
businesses on the net income basis."
Extract:
.    .    .    the  basis  of  this tax
should Ii,. net income."
Extract:
"The net income after the deduction of the business tax    .    .    ."
If this article should succeed, in
any degree, in stimulating individual
interest among retailers throughout
the Province, in the general question
of taxation which is so vital to their
business, it will have accomplished
its object. Obviously the subject is
too complicated to admit of proper
treatment in one article, but correspondence is invited and the suggestion is thrown out that some place
should be found for discussion of this
subject during the sessions of the
1921 Provincial convention of the B.
C. Board.
^^s
Fairplay," Vancouver.
THIS HAPPENED IN ABERDEEN
"Look, grandpa, a new golf ball I found, lost on the links."
*" Hut are ye sure it was lost. Sandy.'"
"0, aye, I saw the man and his caddy looking for it."
W
,#Mindh
TEA
the supreme quality and constant repeat business
on "MAI.KIN'S BEST" makes it the most
satisfactory and profitable TEA to stock.
The W. IL Malkin Co., Limited
VANCOUVER    NANAIMO    VICTORIA 286
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILEB
Apn
Favorite Dairy
Product
Your trade—your profits—can l>e Increased by sale of the leading milk product
of the day.
CtSSmQ
as the Milk Supreme is rapidly becoming
mor« popular. Delicatessen stores, Grocery stores and Bakeries can create B
steady trade by bringing this splendid
product to tlie attention of their patrons
Fraser Valley Dairies, Ltd.
8th Ave. and Yukon St.
Phone Fairmont 1000
VANCOUVER, B.C.
Sixth Ave. and Sixth St.
Telephone 1445
NEW WESTMINSTER. B.C.
OUNTER
B°i>KS
•4ADEIK
THE WEST
PROMPT DELIVERY
EVERALLS LIMITED
IETHBRI0GE. ALBERTA
MAIL US YOUR SAMPLE
FOR PRICK
MORE and more people are Baking for SHKLLY'S
ix BREAD, it i« advertised everywhere, outdoor and In the public press. Just DOW, we ar»
showing housewives how to use mon Bread, and
they'll ask for SHELLY'S. Have It in your Store
SHELLY'S ix BREAD ss iclentlflcaUy baked ooder
model conditions. Well risen, with golden brown.
crisp crust, light, fine textured, tender crumb, it
makes return lalea-—becauae u** standard never
varies.
// Makes "Come Again" Customers
for VOL'
Shelly Bros. Ltd.
VANCOUVER
NEW WESTMINSTER
VICTORIA
NANAIMO
ffiaxte>&
Real
Home-Made
JAMS
STRAWBERRY
BLACK CURRANT
RASPBERRY
WILD BRAMBLE
JELLY
From the
Garden of
Scotland
Scotch .lams are world famed for quality and purity
They arc finer end fuller flavoured than other Jams
Maxtor's   Fine   Preserves  are  made  In   Mora>shiP\
"The Garden of Scotland"   Your customers win appreciate thorn   ami they are good husiness for you.
Manufactured by
Wl   DAYTFD   NORTHERN JAM WORKS
. H. DrlAlLft, FOCHABERS, SCOTLAND
Telegraphic and Cable Address, "Jam Tochabers, Morayshire.''
Code used: ABC (5th Edition),
Agents: S, Ik Mackenzie & Co,, I'ancouur, B.C. 1D21
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RKTAILER
287
Tclfphonet: Office, Seymour 8951
Residence.   Seymour  1955R
C 0aaIuumuV.Diiurfi
BARRISTER   AND  SOLICITOR
Solicitor for
The  Retail  Merchant*'  Awoclatlon
of  Canada,   Incorporated
British Columbia Board
300 Rogers Building
VANCOUVER, B.C.
Great West TEA
PACKITS ONLY
No Premiums    No Deals
No Price Cutting
QUALITY  ONLY
Western Grocers Limited
tUKOMI. WISOa, (AUIIQOA. It
tUPOlEON EXTRA VIRGIN
OLIVE OIL
Sold and Guaranteed by
URQUHART ft COMPANY LTD.
Successors to
A. MAONANO & CO. LTD.
98 Powell St.     Vancouver. B.C.
"Tetley's
Teas"
Toledo Computing Scales
(No Springs)
Special     Charts    for    Grocers,
Butchers    nnd    Confectioner*",
Hobarl   BSlectrlo   Coffee   Mfllls,
Meat Chopper! and Hone Grind*
ers.   Berkel   Improved   Bacon
Sllcer.    Sold on Terms or Discount for Cash.
Sales  Agent for  B.C.
E. S. CHAMBERS
424 C.rdoTi St. W.       Vaicoufer, B.C.
Mrs. A. MacDonald succeeds W.
T Graham al 1610 Commercial
Drive, Vancouver,
The bakery carried on by 11. Niel-
soii al 4491 .Main Street, Vancouver,
is now known as Nielsen's Bakery.
The Notch Hill Trading Association Limited title has been changed
to Notch Hill Co-operative Association Limited al Notch Hill.
Seymour Grocery (J. Hercules), of
Vancouver, has sold out.
Murray Smith, of  Weatbank,  is
gUCCe&SOr there to c. T. Last.
Mrs. Minnie Wood, of Clo-OOSe,
has sold her general store to Mrs.
K. A. Morris.
Mrs. M. Hideout, of Cumberland,
has sold oul her millinery husiness.
Ailcn & Page, of Kamloops, wail-
paper, have dissolved.
A. .1. Hansen, shoe merchant of
Kaslo. has sold out to \Y. If. Wooten.
Alex. I'izzoui. confectioner, of Nanaimo, IS dead.
The Kairvicw Meat Market, of
N'ClsOll, has sold out,
The North Vancouver Co-operative Soeietv has discontinued.
The branch of the Vancouver Cooperative Society Limited at New-
Westminster, has been taken over by
the New Westminster & District Cooperative Society.
Mrs. W. II. Rae's general store,
of Oyatna, has been burnt out.
W. G. !). Harper, of Harper &
Cross Limited, garageraen, etc.,
Prince George, is reported retired
from the firm.
The Third Avenue Garage at
Prince Ccorge has been sold.
Canadian Photo Company, of
Vancouver, has dissolved.
Little Bros. Limited, of Vancouver, commission agents, are now
known as Canadian Wholesale Grocers Limited.
Reliable Electric Company, of
Vancouver, were advertised as having a bailiff's sale recently.
Charles II. Stevens, confectioner,
of Vancouver, has sold out.
A receivership order has been
granted in respect of the Vancouver
Co-operative Society, whose branch
at North Vancouver has been discontinued.
"He Died Intestate''
—and the estate he had built up was administered according to the law, and
not in ftocordance with bis oft-expressed intentions.
Will this happen to your estate after decease? Make your Will and
appoint) this Company as your Executor. Your intentions will be safeguarded
and the Interests of your dependents faithfully served.
We invite consultation or correspondence.
THE CANADA PERMANENT TRUST COMPANY
PAID-UP  CAPITAL—$1,000,000.
BRITISH COLUMBIA BRANCH:
GEORGE I  LEOAT-E, Manager.
Canada Permanent Bldg. 432 Richards St. VANCOUVER, B.C.
RAMSAY'S CHOCOLATE OARS
BEST
BY
TEST
MILK
CREAM
and
NUT
Try Some Today   For Sale By All Leading Confectioners and Grocers.
RAMSAY   BROS. & CO., LTD,
VANCOUVER  and  VICTORIA, B.C.
Deal With Our Advertisers:    They Make This Official Publication Possible at $2.00 a Year. THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RKTAILBB
April
Mrs. J. I). Williams, grocer oi
Vancouver, has just been bereaved
through the death oi her husband.
Mrs. H, C. Wilson has sold her
Cordova Street. Vancouver, shoe
husiness to J. <!. Stuhhs.
The Pernwood Hardware Company of Victoria, has dissolved, the
Pernwood Road Store now being
controlled by F. J. Schroeder.
The Nag Paint Company Limited.
of Victoria, paint manufacturers,
have been succeeded by Win. Stan-
ncr & Ilarte Limited.
Silver Foam Soap Manufacturing
Company Limited, of Victoria, arc
now in the hands of Alan Georgeson,
receiver.
Canadian Produce Company, of
Vancouver, has dissolved.
Walter Couling, grocer, of Vancouver, is dead.
Mrs. M. Klford. grocer of Chilliwaek, contemplates selling out.
Mrs. W. E. .lohnson. of Merritt,
has sold her confectionery store to
E. A. Plummet-.
.1. W. Cooper, baker, of Penticton.
has sold out.
Penticton Stationery Store Limited, has changed hands.
W. I). Beattie, of South Vancouver, has sold out his confectionery
store.
Lashwood & Sheleg, of South Vancouver, were recently burnt out.
A creditors' meeting of Ben Petoh
Limited, men's furnishings, Vancouver, was held last month.
Vernon Garage has dissolved; II.
P>. Monk continuing,
E. -I. Bla (jiiire, of the firm of
Blacquire & Heagerty, grocers, etc,
of Victoria, is dead.
Mrs. Fred Asliu, of I'urns Lake,
has sold out to Fred Asliu.
The Findley Company Grocery
Stores, of Cedar Cottage, have sold
fixtures and branch business a1
South Vancouver,
.1. IL Campbell, of Kelowna. has
sold his electrical department.
s. T. Elliott, of Elliott Limited, of
Kelowna, has sold his interest in the
garage business there.
The A. Carruthcrs Company Limited have ceased to carry on business
in British Columbia.
Henry Jaeohya creditors met at
Vancouver on March 22nd.
The Veteran A: Civilian Co-operative Association has assigned to tin'
cc.MT.A. at Vancouver. Tenders
have been asked for the purchase of
Btock and fixtures.
Tlie Rex Farm Dairy, of Victoria,
has changed ownership,
Leiser. Simon i Company Limited,
of Cumberland, are said to be nego
tiating tin* sale of their grocery department to Burns & Brown.
I". .1. Lavelle, of Lynn Valley, general   store,   has  sold   out   to  S.   W.
Brunt,
Malpass vV. Wilson, general store,
of Nanaimo, have been burnt out.
Mrs. W. Archer, of Penticton. has
sobl out lor men's furnishings business.
.1. Sherer, of .Port Coquitlam, has
sobl   to   IV   McKeclinie,   big  tobacco,
et '..  business.
The Squamisli Hardware Company
have   suffered   loss   by   fll'e,
Ballantyne & Pratt meat ami grocery stock, at Vancouver, was adver
tised to be sold by auction on April
1st.
Sipprdi & McDonald, of Alder-
grove, general store, have dissolved;
L. L. Sipprell continuing.
A   Wolfenden, of Brisco, general
store, has sold out to Wm. Blair.
Kirkpatrick & McLaughlin, of
Duncan, grocers, hardware, etc,
have sold their hardware stock to
Alex s Haddon,
The Central Meal Market, oi \.w
Westminster, has dissolved.
Brown  A   Benton,  druggists,  of
Vancouver,   have  dissolved   partner
ship,
c, ,l Pat ton. grocer, "f Vancouver,
has void out fo S. S. Burgcst*
'-MlllllllliiltK, •
HagK
BAKING
powder
>*N» NO »*i
iMXMMMIIM
"*»»t»l»l
The confidence created in
the mind of your customers
of your entire line of goods
is appreciably increased
by your recommendation
of articles that have been
proven to be of the highest
quality.
»
MAGIC BAKING POWDER
CONTAINS NO ALUM
E. W. GILLETT COMPANY LIMITED
TORONTO,  CANADA
WINNIPEG
MONTREAL
............
.............
90 per cent of
STEVENSON'S
QUALITY BREAD
is SOLD BY
RETAIL GROCERS
THK  WISH GROCER   WILL
UNDERSTAND WHAT THAT
FACT  MEANS  TO  HIM.
Phone Fairmont
VANCOUVER,  B.C. 11)21
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
The May wood Garage, of Victoria,
has dissolved; R. T. Borrowman's interest purchased by .las. Cochrane,
The business assets of the W. H.
WilkerSOn jewellery estate. Victoria,
have    been    re transferred    by    the
assignee to W. II. Wilkerson.
ii
Health-Cakes"
So your customers are calling the little foil-wrapped
cakes of Fleischmann'fl Yeast
that physieisna are prescribing for all ailments of low-red vitality,
(Jet your customers to place
a standing order.
Ihe fleisdimann Company
1166   Burrard   Street
VANCOUVER.    B.C.
J. A. lepoorten
LIMITCD
WHOLESALE
DRUGS
PATENT MEDICINES
DRUGGISTS  SUNDRIES
PHARMACEUTICAL
PREPARATIONS
308 Water SI., Vancouver, B.C.
Triumph
Tea, Coffee
and  Cocoa
PACKETS ONLY
Packed by the
Bon-Accord Tea Co.
(S-Kctiiori »• tae Late R. Btl-acr)
PHONE, FAIRMONT 669
VANCOUVER,   B.C.
A. L. C.  Westcrdall, of Victoria, ufactured articles of every deserip-
has sold his confectionery business tion, importers and exporters.
t0 J< M  Ma*colra, Wi|son purniture Company Lim-
J.   K.   Lemon,   general   store   of ited,    403   B.C.    Permanent   Loan
Woodward's   Landing , has    been Building,    Victoria.    $20,000.    Ac
mrnl °"L quiring the business of the Wilson
Joseph Cunliffe, of Victoria, has Furniture Company.
sold    his   grocery   business   to   .J. Wright   Drug  Company Limited,
Stewart. "^ Robson street, Vancouver. $10,-
Mrs. M. E. Pearson, of Pearson's 000.   Wholesale and retail chemists.
Grocery, Victoria, is dead. drm'trists. etc.
Alderman A. 1. Bind, of Port
Alberni, was in to see us last month.
He was full of good ideas for the
gOOd  '»f the cause.
•PrnfaBBtnnal
PARTNERSHIPS
Pacific Hat Factory .John Whal-
cti, Wesley Carnes, at Vancouver.
Kitsilano Wood & Coal Co.—N.
MjcDermid, Charles B. Macklam, at
Vancouver.
Ramsay Tire Company—T. M.
Ramsay, at Vancouver.
Lilleya Confectionery—F. .1. 11.
Baines, at Victoria,
Central Meat Market- H. L. Williams and Percy Walls, at New
Westminster.
Vancouver Class Co.—-P. II. Payne
and .1. Fraser. at Vancouver.
•lames Bay Pharmacy—G. S. Mer-
rifield and 11. F. Hack, at Victoria.
.1 unction Pharmacy- G. S. Merri-
ficld and 11. F. hack, at Victoria,
Mcriifidd &   Dack (I. S.  Merri-
field and 11. F. Dack, at Victoria.
Premier Phonograph Co.—P. E.
George,
Wm. Gilchrist ami B. P. Yarwood,
as the S.iuamish Drug Store, at Squa-
mish.
Fred llamsoos and Alex. Pauton,
as the Richwell Candy Company, at
Vancouver,
Prank B. Dill, as the Universal
Trading Company, at Vancouver.
NEW INCORPORATIONS
B.C. Window Bakeries Limited,
55*4 Johnson street, Victoria. $10,-
000.    Bakery, confectionery dealers.
Fulton's Style Shop Limited. bT!»
Granville Street, Vancouver. $25,-
000,   General clothiers.
Malpass & Wilson (Groceteria)
Limited. Nanaimo. $25,000. Taking
over business now carried on by .1,
H. Malpass and R. T. Wilson.
Pacific Tractor & Plow Company
Limited, 170 Granville Street. Vancouver. $50,000. Manufacturers,
wholesale ami retail dealers in man-
L. W. Taylor
& Company
PUBLIC   ACCOUNTANTS
Auditors, Cost Analysts
Board of Trade Building
Seymour 365.      Vancouver, B.C.
CrownBroom
Worb Ltd.
Manufacturers of the
Duchess, King, Janitor Special,
Peerless, Princess. Province,
Ladies' Carpet, Perfection, Favorite, Ceiling Broom, Warehouse Brooms, Whisks of All
Kinds, Glass Washboards
332 FRONT STREET EAST
Phone Fairmont 1148
VANCOUVER,  B.C.
PUBUC SERVICE
The spirit ot' responsibility to the
whole telephone democracy, t o t h e
millions who form
the tclephone-usin^ public, is the
foundation   of   service.     It   is   the
appreciation of this responsibility
i>y the many employees of the
company which has as its result a
comprehensive ami adequate telephone system ami an alert ami
prompt handling of telephone calls.
B.C. Telephone Company
You Have Not Read This Journal, Until You  Have Studied the Advertisements*. 290
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
April
Another Bullseye for R.M.A.
Success Attends Association's Efforts to Get Square Deal for Retail
Creditors.
It is with great gratification that
the executive officers of the British
Columbia Hoard of the R.M.A., arc
able to report the success of its efforts at Victoria io have the Attachment of Debts Act amended with a
view to affording proper protection
for retailers. In view of the fact
which appeared in the February issue of this journal, it is not necessary to recapitulate the difficulties
under which certain retailers have
been endeavouring to g*et that which
justly belongs to them: all that is
necessary is to reproduce what is now
an Act of the Province of British
Columbia:
"1. This Act may be cited as the
'Attachment of Debts Act Amendment Act, 1921.'
"2. Section •'! of the •Attachment
of Debts Act.' being chapter 14 of
the 'Revised Statutes of British Columbia. Yd]].' is amended bv strik-
CIRCULAR SERVICE VERY REAL
ASSET TO MERCHANTS
The "circular" service of tlie H.
M. A. is getting very real results.
The other day a circular letter went
to all the Vancouver Island branches
telling them that a eertain artist was
operating there with worthless
cheques on the strength of a bojjjus
telegram he presented which stated
that funds were being wired to his
credit at local banks. This man represented himself as a traveller for
a Vancouver house.
Came a letter from one branch to
Secretary Hougham to this effect :
"I have much pleasure in advising
you that your warning re 'Crook'
was timely and good. 'Crook' called
on Mas. S. Retailer,' who was 'next'
and so there was nothing doing, So
after 'Crook' left, 'Retailer' phoned
to the Police Station.
" 'Crook' was surely on the job
for he had registered under a different name at each hotel he had stayed. 'Crook'' worked his telegram
successfully on the Blank Hotel for
$18. Chief 'Sherlock' tells me that
'Crook' is wanted at Victoria, Vancouver and Ashcroft and that these
places mie-ht add to tlie three-
months' sentence, which our magistrate here gave him as a starter."
iiij* out all the words id" the first
proviso contained in lines twenty-
one to twenty-seven of said section,
and substituting thjerefor tin- fob
lowing:—
"'Provided always that no debt
tine or accruing due to a mechanic,
workman, labourer, servant, clerk,
or employee for or in respect of his
wages or salary shall he liable to
seizure or attachment under this
Aet, whether before or after judgment, unless the debt exceeds the
sum of sixty dollars, and then only
to    the    extent    of    tile    excess ;    bllt
where tin1 debt dim or accruing 'iu''
is the wages Or salary for a period
of less than one month, then that
part thereof which shall not be liable
to seizure or attachment shall be only
the sum which bears the same pro
portion tO sixty dollars as the period
for which   the  wages Or salary  arc
due or accruing due bears to one
month of four weeks
EXECUTIVE, VANCOUVER
BRANCH RETAIL MERCHANTS'
ASSOCIATION
R. M. Miller, past  president.
J. T. Crowder.  president.
IL c. Wilson. 1st vice-president,
J. F. Merrilees, 2nd vice-president.
A. Arnold, honorary secretary.
A. T. Bridgeman, treasurer.
ADDRESSES WANTED
This service is free to our subscribers
for the purpose of locating old customers
and others. Send fullest information
possible. We are locating some every
month. It is only by friendly co-operation that this column can be run at all
successfully. Help those who may be
able to help you, by writing the office
of the "B.C. Retailer,' 203 London Building, Vancouver, if you know anything In
the nature of a clue to the addressee of
the  undermentioned:
Brown, p. A,—Last address, Third Street,
Stdaej
Pamplin,   W.   E-—Last   SddfeSS,   Victoria
Rooms, Homer street, yancouvsr
Hardy,    Ada    C.    Former!)     Of    AlberiU
Wrtrii t
A    SWEET    SECRETARY
Howard Stevenson, the secretary
pro-tern of the Victoria brunch ol
the  KM A , is better known sj the
manufacturer ol    Hoe Maid Chocolate."    We have just seen ft well
written   story   of   Mr.   Stevenson S
progress*  from  the tune he left On
tario some 25 years ago, and secured
his   first   job   at    $3   H   Week,   till   the
present  day, when he possesses a
store and fa ton at 725 Vntcs Street,
ami three other stores m Victoria,
and puts into his famous chocolates
th- best of everything, the cream.
eggfl and butter and much of his
fruit   earning   from   the   beautiful
island he lives on.    Next time we are
m Victoria our sweet tooth will lead
U*-   to   Mr.   StevenSQn   and   Ills  "Hoc
Maid" chocolates
For Sale and Wanted
BUSINESSES FOR SALE AND WANTED: We will insert announcement* twice
under this heading FREE OF CHARGE to subscribers. To nonsubscribers the
charge  it 5c  a  word,  minimum fl,  cash  with  order.
STORES FOR RENT; ARTICLES FOR SALE OR WANTED, ETC : Our charge
under this heading  (to subscribers and non.subscribers alike)  Is 5c  per word.
Address letters to "Classified Dept.," B.C.  Retailer, 203 London  Bldg., Vancouver.
FOR SALE
Old-established Retail Boot and Shoe
business in Fraser Valley. Might con-
shier trade for general more. Box "X,"
B, C. Retailer,
$2,000   Available   for   Investment,   an
part Interest in country More   n.w.w,
e/o "Il.C.   Retailer."
WANTED
Successful    Hardware    Manager   from
I'rairle would locate in IIC Immediately.
"K  \ i;." c/o it C, Retailer,
F.xchange   tract   of   land   for   Mock   of
merchandise, 18,000 to |25.000 Land
level, partially Improved; greal futwre;
near Vancouver, B.C.J clow Inj value.
$200 nn acre, small acreage i« Belling
for double above price, ih-hitIIm' stock
;itni amount i i> Wottenhaver, Alter-
•leet!, Washington
You Have Not Read This Journal, Until You   Have Studied the Advertisements. 1921
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
291
VANCOUVER GROCERS HOLD ANNUAL MEETING
The Grocers' Section of the Van eiation   were   twice   or   three   times
eouvcr  Branch  of  the   K.M.A.  of the numerical strength it now was.
Canada had  its annual  meeting OU It was his conviction that immediate
March 22nd. steps should be taken to widen the
The following officials were elect- scope  of  the section's activities bv
ed : .lames  ciarkness,  president;  I!, forming a Provincial Trade Section
McTaggart, firnt vice-president; II. of Grocers, under the auspices of the
Morrow, second vice president ;('. II Retail   Merchants'  Association, and
Mcrritt.   honorary   secretary;   Sain that an early convention of grocers
lYitehard, treasurer, and the follow- should be called with a, definite pro
mt* directors: Messrs. T. J. Cahill,
W. II. Allison. (J Carter, .1. W. Bro-
gan, 0.1'.. Fenncll, .1 F. Merilees, K.
Klliott, .1. W. Payne, C. E, C nba.
gramme   properly   worked   out   in
every  detail.
So important  did  he feel this to
be, that  in- recommended that that
The report of George Hougham, annual meeting should take the ini-
the secretary, after mentioning the tiatiw iu sending out an invitation
fact of the verj strenuous past year, to grocers throughout the Province
touching on the Bariy Closing By- to come together in a Provincial con-
law and the targe number of Orien* mention of grocers only, and that
tals who now held grocers' licences that meeting further instructed its
in the city, stated
that the g e n 6 r a 1
work of the As&ocis
tion during the last
twelve   or   eighteen
months bad been eon
ftructive and had had
the  result   of bring'
ing   the   Association
out of a comparative
obscurity to a posi
tion nf influence, and
it was no exaggeration to sav that the
Retail Merchants'
Association was now
a factor iu business
affairs  in  the city.
With reference to
Questions, such as
wholesalers selling to
consumers, the ores-
enee of various forms
of unfair competition, false advertis
Ing, and many other
Items that would
readily occur to
them,  the secretary
Raid he had reached
one conclusion from
whieh it would be
difficult   to  dislodge
him That conclusion
was that none of
these things could be
adequately treated
through a nurelv
city organization,
even   if   that    Asso
MR. JAMES HARKNESS
Newly-elerted chairman of the Grocers' Section of
the Vancouver hranch of the R.M.A. of Canada, who
has been actively identified with the grocers* organ-
iiation for many years, and this honor comes to him
with the enthus!astic approval of all his confreres.
He h,is been in the retail grocery business since 1877.
incoming executive to place this as
the first item upon its agenda for
11121-1922.
The secretary's recommendation
with reference to the suggested convention of the Provincial Trade Section of Grocers under the auspices of
the R.M.A. received the unanimous
endorsation of the meeting, and so
important were the issues discussed
by him recognized to be, that a Provincial convention of grocers was
called to meet at the Hotel Vancouver on Wednesday and Thursday,
April DM4. A feature of the convention was to be an address on "Scientific Merchandising," by Mr. Paul
Findlay, who is an immediate past
president of the National Retail Grocers' Association of the United
States. Mr. Findlay is at present
acting as retail sales manager for the
California Fruit Growers' Exchange,
and in this capacity has addressed
meetings of grocers all over Canada
and the United States. At the recent
short course for merchants and their
clerks which is an annual event of
the Manitoba Provincial Board of the
R.M.A. Mr. Findlay occupied a conspicuous place upon the programme.
The address was to be delivered on
April 14th before a joint meeting of
the retail grocers and the Canadian
Credit Men's Association, the latter
body availing themselves of the presence of a large number of their customers in the city and the fact that
it was their own annual meeting
night, to co-operate with the R.M.A.
in making the Provincial convention
a sue -ess. We hope to have something to sav about this convention
(which took place after we were
closed for press) in our next issue.
A young woman of Massachusetts
is nearly 6 feet 4 inches tall, weighs
180 pounds and is always in perfect
training. What a recruit for the
suffragettes!
YOUR WINDOW DISPLAY
In order to encourage scientific and
artistic window trimming, we are prepared to consider Insertion each
month of photographs of store win*
dows submitted to us by our subscriber*. Please communicate with ue at
203 London Building, Vancouver.
Phone Seymour 8861.
■■ 292
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RKTAILKR
Apr
GROCERIES
Generally speaking, business is
good, and confidence in the immediate future is expressed from all
quarters.
A lower wage scale is permitting
the larger concerns to operate advantageously both to the employer
and employee.
Although cautious buying is still
iu evidence, activity iu wholesale
circles indicates a very fair movement of business among tlie retailers.
Collections arc much improved
since last report, and the trade outlook for 1921 appears to be very
favorable.
Food Products.—Such drastic reductions have taken place in this
market that the consumer must realize that the purchasing power of
friend dollar is truly in a more robust condition. Canned fruits, especially apricots, peaches and plums,
are available at greatly reduced
figures, but perhaps the most noticeable decline is iu canned salmon.
which, opening at $14.50 per pink
tails, is now selling around $4.75.
Dried fruits are on the downward
grade,   prunes   have   declined   at   a
rapid  rate to an  exe lingly  low
figure. 90-100 opening at 12'-_.e are
now selling for 3c, other grades having dropped  proportionally.
Sugar is very firm. It has advanced in Eastern Canada and the
Prairies, and a rise might be expected almost any day.
Royal Crown Yeast Cakes have
advanced from $2 to $2.:{(» a box.
Canadian Cooking Oil has had a
slight reduction.
Jams have been still further reduced by $1.25 a case on the popular
lines, strawberry, raspberry and
black currant, dam is now at a price
less than it can he junked for this
year.
Fruit Jars are causing the wholesalers some concern and they are
surprised that the retailers arc not
booking fruit jars for Spring delivery, as there is every indication that
fresh fruit will be abnormally cheap,
and with sugar less than half last
year's price, the housewife will !>••
much tempted to can a liberal Supply
of fruit for Winter use, and it is anticipated that unless retailers book
immediately there will be a serums
shortage, as the wholesalers only
buy fruit jars to cover orders booked
by the retail merchants.
Flour shows t.ne «>r two reductions.
Teas have advancd from 6c lo 10c
a pound on the differ,-nt qualities "f
Ceylons, and from }c to tic a pound
in Indiana
Santos Coffee has gone up shout
200 points.    There will probably  be
a general advance in the next few
months.
Fruit and Vegetables. — Item
growers are anticipating a good year,
and the expected yield nf small fruits
will be approximately 200 tons m the
Whonnock district.
Strawberry plants have come
through the Winter m good shape
and are in excellent condition. There
has been no damage by frost.
Weather conditions have been good,
but   a   warm   rain   would  be  of im
mense value. The difficulty will be
in moving the output of berries,
(•••ecu peas are selling all the way
from 20c to d2o a pound, according
largt ly to date of arrival.
Island cauliflower is arriving in
fine condition and is selling from
$2.50  to £o.7*>   per do/en.
Tomatoes are scarce; prices firm
at $7.00.
Telephone   cucumbers   from   V"\'.
Hammond are reduced t" $3,75 ,,
dozen.
Green onions (local are arriving
steadily. price dropping,
Eggs.— li.C fresh, case lots, !•""•,
37c; Washington fresh, do/en, :;.',•
tu -i.ic, cooking, 30c
Butter.—Dairy prints, 54c; prints.
special, 59c. New /calami. 59c.
Chicago   packers   have   taken   th-'
initiative in attacking high living
dsts b*. ordering a reduction in lhe
wages of employees and set the pace
In t he I ntted States after sti el
makers had declined t" assume the
leadership.
Salaries m the big packing plants
have been cut and bouts lengthened
Those paid by tine will be reduced
s cents per hour and piece rates will
be  eilt   I'.!'.,   pcf  cent       The   PedUcUoM
«ill affeel 100,000 men. The packets
will cease paying time and a half for
overtime in excess of eight hours n
day, hut time and r half will he paid
for work done m excess of 54 hours
in an) one w eek.
The minimum wage guaraut*i ol
in hours per week will be continued.
Double time will be paid for Bunds)
and holiday work
If the  men  who designed  houses
were condemned to do the house
work In them, our servant problem
would soon be solved.
CONTAINS no alum pure and wholesome
NABOB Baking Powder is a pure phosphate baking powder, giving
good results in every baking.
'Cell your Customers to save the Certificates for Wear-Ever Aluminum
KELLY, DOUGLAS & CO., LTD.
, 1921
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
293
GROCERY PRICES CURRENT
The following are prices quoted for principal lines of leading wholesale firms.   Prices quoted are necessarily
subject to market fluctuations.
RAMSAY BROS. * CO.. LTD.
Family SOdAS,  packages,  per  dot.
I 'nam   SOdS*.   M,    111»»*.   e.»   ll
1",  Cream Sodu packages <i< z
u'.r Cream Bodas, packages, <ioz
lm- Assorted Bweet Biscuits, packages,
pet   dOS
18c Assorted Bwtsl Biscuits, (.t!n> carton, p«*r 'i"i
I'luM'ninic (tars, assorted kinds, I doz
in a box, i>ii i> '\
E.   W.   QILLETT   CO.,   LTD.
Royal Yeast—
$ 3 "fi
511
Lit
M
1 dos   pkgs   Ii   ■ -i •"
Ptrfumed   Lye—
< dot   U   •!».
|Q  CAM'S   Ol    !!"'*■
Magic  Diking Powder
per cn'*««
2 3"
P«r cane
I E i
per dos
1 «o
4  oi .   4   dot
I    t ,   I .It.*
I OS .   4   AM
II .,* J dos
II i,» ,' dot
1 lt> . 4 dOS
I lb.. I il'H
*'•, IL . ! doi
I  ll. .   '.  dOS 17 60
Hpefl*! discount "f j I1''! esol sltowsd en
Five Casta <ir n.ore ol Magic Baking
Powdtr
Cauitlc  Soda  (Granulated) —
.   *4
3 51
4 <>0
'» Ml
?",   II,    \» ...a, ii   j. ,
Id  ii.    wooden   palh
>•     |l<        V      H«|,.|l     CASS*
f>  |l>   canisters  (100  Hm   In rase)
10 iii  . tnistsrs i WO lbs   In case)
100 tlw   Iron drum*
<<*•   n«» .   I> II i < |«
par ih
14
I ] >,4
j;
15*4
Crtam   Tartar—
per ii<*«
vt ii.   pa pei  i"»K* 11 dos   In eas< i • 28
'; ib  papei i'l.'jn 11 ii"* In case) ' *0
per iouc
4 dot   •« tb   paper pkit"-. J dot   ti
Ih   nai>i*i   i • .:■      i nwit U a 17 i >
jvr dos
H  Ih   rn«n with KTtW  OOYSIt  ('  dOS
ui case S i'
f st< squatt canisters tSi dos in case) •'
10 iii   a ooden rasas ' I
X ii'  wooden nails
'•"I ii-   lined  knts fi,;
Magic  Soda—Case   No.  1—
! i ass. I SO ' iu packages >
'.  < .1 *«'«  nl    'nni c
BI Carbonate   ot   Soda —
I I*.'      II'        ko'ljN        |H'|       Wl'K
i"" Hi   bai '••in   pei   ' " ' • I
KELLY,   DOUGLAS  A   CO.
Nabob   Products
Mum.   »«".   dot .    .
Rornx, \». dot
Tartaric a«-i«i. t,*. doc.
linking   Powdtr,   is   13  ot .   dos
Raking  PowdST,  4J>   1«*> oz ,   'I"*
Baking Powdtr, 11 ttts, doa
Haklng   Powdtr,   6  St,   do*
«vIim\   Ba||    uiiiKf..  this
Coff™,   in,   2«,   ||>
•'offer,   .'.n.   Ih
! I
: 03
7 '.'■'
LTD.
<'H'iim   nf  'I', rlii
.Ii 'S
Making Soda, fio It, ease
1111111111," Soda, 84 '••*, 'in/
Custard  Powdtr, don
Quick Tapioca, dos
Chocolate  Pudding,  doz
Allspict,  Nn   .1.  tins. dOS
Chill Powdtr, small, dos
Cinnamon, '.' ■ >* Una, dot
Cayennt Pepper, 3 tins, dot
Cloves,   .1   tInn,   doi
Cllngtr, small, do*
Mace, small, dos
Nutmeg, small, dos
Paprika, small tins, dos
Black  Popper, tins, do*
White I upper, tin-*, dot.
7R
,71
1.00
2 85
ilh
ft oo
IB 50
16
55
S 30
1.40
1.40
1.40
1 On
1 IS
1 3S
1.1.*
1.10
1.33
i I i
l 25
Pantry Spice, 3 tins  doz    1.25
Pickling Spies, 't«. doz _    i.io
Marjoram,    Mint,    Poultry    Dressing,
Parsley,  Bage, Bavory, Thyme, Tu«
merle, tins, dos             1.25
Curry Powdtr, < <>z »rias.s, doz   2.60
Kxtnicta   rail  flavoiiiH),   2  oz ,   d<»z  2.50
ISxtracts (all flavours), 4 oz., doz  4.75
Extracts   (all  flavours),   g oz.,   doz.   .... 9.00
Epsom Salts, '.*«, doz 60
Fruit Colors, 2 oz, dos  1.75
Idngfl  fCbocolate,  Boat  rink,  Lemon,
vanilla,   White,   Almond,   Orange),
dos  1.70
Jell)   Powder, dos 1.25
11 dos   free with 1" gross.)
Mustard,   '.»*;.   doz  2.40
Mustard,  4*. doz  4.75
Mustard  if. <t<>z   9.00
Castor OU,  2 oz,  dos ..        225
<"a»U>r Oil.  4 oz ,  doz  4 00
salt Petrt, tfs, doz  1.50
Sulphur,    'i*.   doz 75
Tea, Oreen Label, \», ih 41
Tea, Green Label, fts, per Ib.               .    .'9
i ib   packages                                ...     48
.'.  lo   packages                                   .    .46
Tea, de Luxe   Afternoon, I lb 50
Tea, de Luxe, Afternoon, Vs li». per Ih      (<\
Lemonade Powder, do* 8.40
Vinegar,  doz   2.75
THE  W.   H.   MALKIN   CO.,   LTD.
"Miiikin's Best"  Products—
Hnklns  Powder.  48-129,  per doz    300
ll-lVfcS,   per  doz    9.35
12-59,   per  doz  16-15
Coffee, fa-la, p<.r lb 56
Cream of Tartar, xmaii tins, per dos  1.75
Custard Powd«*r, 11 ot. tins, per dos, 8.75
Rxtracts  1.ill  flavors)   i--v os.,  do*. 2.50
H'i os., per '!'•*: 1 75
Oiycerlne.  i»-v os  bottlea,  per doz. 1.73
12-4-011   Uittii-^. per dos S.50
rloney, a- '■ os   lars, per dos S.S6
24-13 •■*   lars, pei  dos 4.00
24*3 os   tins, per ih>z 7.00
iv-.'i oz  tins, per dos 17.50
Jell)  Powders, i »?■. all havora, doa i.3r>
Leu»onade Powder, il>-,« os., per d<»'/.. 8.25
Mustard,  12-39, tln9, per doz  1.65
11-88, tins,  per dOS  4.50
24-19.  titt9. per doz  9 00
:.-:.9.  tln«.   per  lb    &0
Spices   nnd   Seasonings:
Celery -alt. II-**s, tapir bottles, doz. 2.1 ■
i'm:i>   Powder,  lVs. taper bottles, doz     2.2"
Ulsplce, Ss, per doz tins 1.05
Cinnamon,    Ginger,    Black    Pepper,
Poultry   Dressing,   Sage,   ground,
s.ijji'. rubbed, Savory, Thyme, Tumeric, $8, pel doz  tins ..   .   1,18
Cloves, Mace, Ss, i>«'i dos •   1-85
Marjoram,   Mint,   Nutmeg,   Parsley,
Pastry, mixed, Pepper, white. Pep*
i-i'.  Cayenne, 3s, pit doz. tins       .   1.25
Paprika.  Chili  Powder, Curry  Powder, Ss, per doz  tins 1.76
Whole Nutmeg In cartons, per dot.     .65
Whole Pickling,  in cartons, doz   .   1.00
T»>n.   100-19.   pi>r   Ih 55
fio.u-,   per  Ih       55
SO-is and 20-^s, assorted, per Ib.   >W&
12-fiS,  per Ib. .  66
Vinegar, 14-quts., per doz    2.65
P.  BURNS A CO.,  LTD.
Shamrock Products
Hums,  ihi   Hi 5   .43
Hams,   boned  and  rolled,  per lb. .-HI
Bacon, 8-8, per Ib.         68
Dominion Hams, 8-M, KM16, per lb. .40
nonunion   Bacon, li-io,  per lh 40U
Dominion Bacons 10-14, per lb. -'2
Dominion Shoulders, boned and rolled .33'...
Cooked hams. Shamrock, per lb. .53
Ayrshire, roiled shoulders, per lb 35
Laid.   No   a.   12  to case 13.15
Lard, No, 8, M to case 18.80
Lard, No, I, cartons, IS lbs. 2''.,
i„ii.i   No   I cartons, 30 lbs-. 21
Compound, (Tarnations No, 5, 12 cases 8 06
Compound. Carnation. No. 8, 20 rases 9.00
Dripping   beef.  1 lb. bricks .18
Mincemeat, kits. 26 lb. net, per lb 194
Meat Loaf, per ib, .80
Pork  pies,  nor doz  4^
Pork roust legs with dressing, lb. i55
Baked ham, with dressing, per lb. M
cooking oil, S gal  tins, W Una, per lb. .174
Creamery butter. Shamrock, carton 60
Creamery  butter,   Shamrock,   without
carton    -      .59
Cheese,  Canadian,  large,  per lb 36
cheese. Canadian, twin, lb 36*4
Smoked fish, kippers, 20s, per lb 10
Smoked fish, kipperal salmon, 10s and
20s.  per lb - 18
Smoked  cod, 30s,  pen lb 16
Head   cheese,   5  lb.   tins,   each    75
Jellied tongue,  per tin     2.50
Selected fowl, per lb 40
Selected chicken, per lb 45
THE  ROYAL  CROWN  SOAPS,  LTD.
Vancouver   Price    List—F.O.B.   Vancouver,
Victoria, Nanaimo, or New Westminster.
Terms Nett 30 Days.
Royal Crown Soap, 5s, box of 120  $ 6.80
Royal Crown   Soap. Is, box of 100«   5.70
Golden West Soap, 6s, box of 144   6.55
White Wonder,  box of 100   6.75
Linen  (unwrapped), box of 100   4.50
Royal Crown Naptha, box of 100   5.50
Royal  Crown  Naptha,   new   large  size,
box  of 100    7.60
Glondyke (wrapped), box of 25   7.90
Klondyke (unwrapped),  box of 25   7.75
Primrose* wrapped), box of 25   5.00
Extra  Hard  (unwrapped),   box of 30... 3.00
English Blue Mottled, box of 20   7.00
Royal Grown Powder, 3-lb., box of 24 7.50
Royal Crown Powder, 1-lb., box of 60 6.23
Golden  West  Powder,  3-lb.,   box of 24 7.50
Royal Crown Cleanser, box of 48   2.50
Royal Crown Lye, box of 48   5.65
Royal Crown Powdered Ammonia, 1 lb.,
Nix of nti       2.75
Liquid Ammonia, 2 doz. qts., box of 24 4.50
Liquid   Blue,   2  doz.   qts.,   box  of 24  .... 4.50
"Apex" Soap Flakes, bulk. 26-lb. l>oxes 4.75
Crown Oatmeal, 24 (is, box of 144     4.80
Klero Oiycerlne, box of 144   7.25
Seal Brand Castile, box of 30   5.20
Seal Brand Castile, box of 26   6.50
Seal  Brand Castile,   box of 20   6.50
Olive Castile,  cakes,  box of 200   5.50
Mechanic's  Cine  Tar,   box  of  100     5.85
Mechanic's Cine Tar. box of 60   3.00
Write for Toilet and Hotel Soaps.    Special
prices on 5, 10, 25 ami 100 boxes.
White  Swan  Soap. 5s,  box of 120   6.80
Golden  Rule  Soap. 6s, box of 114   6.55
Perfect   (unwrapped),   box  of  100    4.50
White Swan Naptha,  box of 100   5.50
White   Swan   Naptha.   lat*ge   size,   box
Of 100      7.50
Climax or Montreal  (wrapped);  box of
25       7.00
Climax  or  Montreal   (unwrapped),  box
Of 2")                                                      7.75
Red Crown, box of 25   5.00
Golden Car. box of 3o     3.00
Illue   Mottled,   box  of  20     7.00
Clue   Mottled,   box  of 30   6.25
White  swan Washing  Powder,  5 lb.,
box of 24     7.30
Pendray's Lye, box of 4S       5.65
Pendray's Powdered Ammonia,  Ixix of
21         4.00
Special prices on 5,  10,  25 and  100 boxes.
Pendray's  Water  Glass,   Egg   Preserver
Cases,  24x2-lb,  tins, per case    $5.50
Cases, 24x4-lb. tins, per case  10.00
One-half gallon  tins,  per  tin     80
One-gallon   tins,   per  tin     150
Four-gallon   tins,   per  tin      5.60
Sundries
Royal Crown Washing Powder in barrels, per lb 07V4
Royal  Crown  Washing  Powder  In   H
barrels, per lb 07?|
Royal   Crown  Cleanser  in   barrels,  lb.     .05
Royal Crown Cleanser in ty barrels, lb. .05Mi
Ternizzo   Cleanser   in   barrels    07
No.  1 English Soft Soap in barrels, lb.     .12
No. 1 English Soft Soap in pails, lb 14V6
No.  2 Common Soft  Soap in barrels  08
Witch Hazel Liquid Soap In bblS., gal.   2.00
Witch Hazel Liquid Soap in 4-gal. tins,
per gal.      2.50
Deal With Our Advertisers:    They Make This Official  Publication Possible at $2.00 a Year. 294
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
Apr
''There is one consolation about
the price of woollens." declared Mr.
John Beever. of Iluddersfield, England, who was recently visiting Vancouver, "they cannot go any lower."
Mr. Beever is the head of the firm
of John Beever & Co., manufacturers
of woollen goods in Iluddersfield.
and he came oul partly on pleasure,
partly to look over the field, as his
firm has for many years been
supplying local merchants through
their Vancouver agent, "When bus i
ness picks up." he stated, "I think
it will be advisable for us to build a
warehouse in this city.
"At present, however, there is a
great stagnation in the trade, owing
to the fact that many of their merchants held their stocks over in tlie
hope of securing high prices, and
now so much is thrown on the market that the manufacturers have
been unable to secure orders for
their production. But we all believe
that the turning point is now in
sight, and it should not be long before the wool trade will return to
normal.''
There is very little drygoods news
this month. The retailers are all
busy with the new season's poods.
and the market conditions have varied very little from last month.
BOOTS AND SHOES
Since there has been no long period of over-production in the shoe
trade, it is reasonable to suppose that
tin' manufacturing of sinus will resume a normal condition more rapidly than some lines that, in receti'
years have been over produced.
It is id* interest to note that a nor
ma) of production of shoes for domestic requirements, baaing Canada's
population at S'o millions, is 19*>$
million pairs, taking the per capita
consumption at 2 t«> "J1 t pairs.
The first six months of 1920 was
the busiest period ever experienced
in the shoe trade of the country.
Seventeen million pairs were manufactured last year
Very few failures have be.-n reported during the past year, nnd
none of them particularly bad ones.
as the trade, generally speaking, has
been in a very Strong financial posi
tion. resulting from preceding years
nt good business,
The outlook for the year is difficult to foresee with any degree of
a   nraey, as there are so many fac
tors involved that are beyond the
'•ontrol of any one connected with
IN- industry.
Regarding colors, grey is going to
le one of the leading factors in
milady's wardrobe for Spring, and
is much featured by footwear manic
f.ii i rers in new designs Blues,
browns and   tans are also much  iu
evidence,  and  the  sine   merchant
should be prepared lo match these
with dainty footwear. Black and
white effects are also noticeable,
particularly in patent and white kid.
The   tendency   as   regards   men's
footwear is away from narrower toes
with lighter shades ami blacks being
in VOaTUe.
CLOTHING
Tin-   clothing   situation   shows
wry material improvement since
i.'ir previous reports. Retail merchants • 111i 'klv realised that marking
down stock to readjustment prices
was   their  only   salvation,   and   the
majority of sabs recently conducted
throughout   the   Province   lave   en
shied them to dispose of their stocks
at these lower figures,
\'ew stocks are everywhere In
evidence and purchssers are no'
backward In taking advantage ol
same at the reasonable prices asked
In a recent interview, Mr George
A Campbell, well-known clothing
manufacturer of this city, gave us i
ver\ optimistic view «>f the outloos
for 1921, and hss statements prove
without doubt that the so called buy
• rs' strike is happily n thing of the
past, and tl at. although losses has--
necessarily been experienced during
tbfl climb down from the peak, bust
in ss is mi a sounder foundation and
manufactured goods j»re moving
quite satisfactorily. During the past
two weeks orders have been received
amounting  to  many   thousands • t
dollars  and it has been nCCCS '•>">• I
Mr. i 'ampbell to keep his large stsfl
of competent  workers going nij*'*'
PRACTICE the
** slogan by
pushing B.C. made
goods. We are
able to supply
your demands
promptly.
Permanently
exhibited in the
Manufacturers
Building, Vancouver.
Mail your order
now and give impetus to the made
in B.C. drive.
"MADE IN VANCOUVER"
Sold By All the Largest Stores—Widely Advertised    Extensively Demonstrated.
-THE,-
-Rapid - Needle -Threader-
45 Hutchinson Block.
Have You
The Rapid Needle
Threader? If not,
why not? It will
easily and rapidly
thread any needle,
including the sew
i n g m'a chine
needle.
Thousands o f
people know how
and  are using  it.
Now is your
time to avail yourself of a commodity that is rapidly
finding ita way
into the home.
Get the habit,
be among tho
first.
Phone Seymour 8037 429 Ponder St. W., Vancouver, B.C. 1921
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
205
and day to fill orders in hand The
retail trade is' placing orders for fall
delivery also, and it is evident that
the majority of manufacturers will
be kept busy with rush orders coming daily through the mails. Mr.
Campbell stated that he is operating
ins  business  without   making  any
wage reductions and this, under e\
isting circumstances, is a very creditable achievement.
From recent reports the mills arc
resuming operations to some extenl
but large stocks of materials on
hand  must  be disposed of before
normal conditions can be looked fur.
TOO BUSY TO READ THE TRADE
MAGAZINE
A   retailer   subscriber   to   "Foot
wear"  has just   written   in:  "Stop
lending your magazine to us.   We
appreciate your good work, but our
manager is too busy and you cannot
get young clerks to pay attention to
what  they see in  print."
A pretty pasx, we'll say. If in-
had said: "Stop sending your mag.i
tine our clerks and manager say
it's no good/1 there would have been
some satisfaction, But to admit that
the manager of a  big mercantile
house   lit   was  a   pretty   big   firm
"didn't have time to "read" is at the
same time an admission that this
business is not being conducted as
it should be. Either this manager
is simply warming the chair that
should be occupied by a real live
man, or he is badly in need of an
assistant manager who will relieve
him of some of the detail. In either
case the business suffers.
And the other condition, naturally
follows. If the manager of a business doesn't find time to read his
trade magazine, it is a safe bet his
young men won't do it either. We
haye in mind a case, by contrast, of
a very successful retailer who was
so satisfied with his trade magazine
that he paid the subscriptions for
• very one of his clerks. Often when
they have a spare moment they discuss articles they read. This is
what you would call a "live" retailer and his "young clerks" are
being so trained that they will
eventually be a great credit to themselves and to the industry to which
they belong. Clerks who don't read
the trade magazines on their work
and "pay attention" to what they
read stand little chance of making
progress. They are numerous
enough, it is true, but this is the
first instance on record, we believe,
where an employer appears satisfied
to concede and condone that condition.—Footwear.
ENGLISH AS IT IS SPOKEN
Cassell'8 new English dictionary
contains many new words which, it
was stated in the introduction, are
likely to make good their claim to
be included in the English language.
Following are some examples:
Cushy, meaning a soft job.
Conchy, meaning a conscientious objector.
Bud, meaning a close friend or companion.
Eyewash, meaning humbug.
Fed Up, meaning to have a sufficiency.
Funkhole, meaning Government job.
Hot Stuff, meaning an unscrupulous
or formidable person.
Cut no ice, meaning to fall flat.
Movies, meaning moving picture.
The Push, meaning outkicked.
Strafe, meaning vent of hatred.
Tophole, meaning feeling fine.
Umpteen, meaning an unknown number.
The Wind Up, meaning to show fear.
Old Bean, meaning the head.
Bus, meaning an airplane.
Brass Hat, meaning a staff officer.
Geo. A. Campbell & Co.
r
fOWER BUILDING, 500 BEATTY STREET, VANCOUVER, B.C.
MANUFACTURERS
MEN'S CLOTHING
All Goods made on the premises
Prices based on replacing values
Specialists in Guaranteed Indigos and Solid Worsteds
"MADE IN B.C." 296
TI1K BRITISH (OLl'MHIA  RETAILER
April
Wellington
Inside Sets
The lust value offered in a competitive !",-ix s.t.   Compare >! with th-
K^y     one yon are buying.
LOCK—Reversible, plated face and bolts easy spring lock.
KN03S - 21 j inch, ore piece style.
ESCUTCHEONS   G' tx2* 4 inches.
FINISHES--Antique copper or brass,
PACKING- One set in carton with screws.
This is but one line of our complete stock of BUILDERS' HARDW\RE, which comprises many dif
ferent styles and finishes of
Store Door Sets, Front Door Sets, Insid** Sots, Rim Lock Sets, Nif*ht Latches.
and all the various items that are necessary to make :i complete stock
BIG STOCKS PROMPT SHIPMENT FAIR PRICES
MACPHERSON & TEETZEL
WHOLESALE  HARDWARE  AND STOVES
Drake and Homer.
VANCOUVER. BC
B-H
66
English" Paint
npiIIS formula is known throughout the length and breadth
of Canada where B-H "English" Paint is used, as the
paint wiih the record for permanence, covering capacity and
economy.
The various tests to which it has been put by practici
painters all  proclaim  15-11 "English" as the Paint   which
offers the greatest resistance to wear and tear.
A thoroughly reliable ''.Surface Saver" for all purposes,
"Save the surface
and you save all"
*•■»<*■'
Evrru can hat a ttgntd fifaranlttd fotn.ula       A
formula   which   hat   bttrx   '"ovc/   la   be   iht  correct
formula for (.anada'% ngotcut ,hrr.,i!c       ll it yiur
itnurantc nf quality
BRANDRAM ■ HENDERSON
I.IMIII l>
Montreal, Halifax, St. John, Toronto, Winnipeg, Medicine Hat, Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver. 1921
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
297
O     V;
^HW
VANCOUVER MARKETS AT A
0 LANCE
Wire Nails Prices remain steady
with demand good.
Sash Cord Still on the decline;
No. ii hanks or coils now quoted a'
56c lb.. No. 7 at 55c lb., Mos, 8 to
12 at 52c lb.
Sash    Weights    Still    remain   the
same. $i .".ii 100 lbs.. sectionals, $9.50
1(H) lbs.
Cotton Twine    Come, down 10%,
now quoted at 48c lb.
Building Papers All take a drop.
Plain now quoted at $1 l!" foil, and
tarred at $1.60 roll.
Prepared Rubber Roofing also
shows a decline* besl grade, 1 ply,
at 12.10 square; 2 ply at *2.^>
square; 'I pl\ at $3.30 square. Th**
market is good for this line.
Wringers take a big decline,   Por
prices   se,.   list.
Washing Machines slso eome
down, Ideal Water Power now
quoted at $22.00 ea-'h, Ni u Century
at  **17.>.%  each;  Scafoam   Electric,
Style   A.   at   $81 .'i'1 each .   Patriot   at
$19.25  each.
Straps   and   Tie   IlingCS   take  an
other decline.    For prices set' list.
Screen Wire is moving out "-veil
now and the painted black screening
is priced a* $4.00 100 square feet.
\n increase >n the demand for
various Inns denotes the opening of
the Spring season and sales in
paints varnishes, alabastine, electric
and hand washing machines, wring-
era and many other household lines
are showing promise of brisk movement,
Window ;dass unchanged.
There is no change to repon on
window- jjlass. Prices remain steady
and the demand is on slightly improved  quotations,  which   are still
fi'l',     nff   the   list.
Wrapping Paper is reduced.
Prices are down a trifle, and these
are now quoted at $15.50 per hundred pounds.
Carpel Pell declines; now quoted
at .**!.."iii roll.
Wrought Steel Pipe, black and
galvanized, has taken another drop.
Black is quoted, 100 feet: 's in..
$5.80; ! i iu. .*rb.»>f>; % in.. $0.24; • •_>
in., $8.39;•'», in.. $10.32; 1 in., $15,27.
Galvanized, 's in., $8.05; ' j in.,
$8.65; :;s in.. $8.84; ] •_• in.. $10.25;
:!, in., $1288; 1 in.. $19.05.
Baseball goods now Belling, With
the baseball season commencing,
jobbers state that baseball goods are
beginning to move. Sales are not
heavy up to present, but with the
present good weather continuing,
these goods should move rapidly.
orders satisfactory.    Prices  remain
steadv.
Rosins are at very low prices
Dealers have the opportunity t6
stock up on rosins at the lowest
figure possible for the past 11 years.
Putty is held on a steady market
for the present; demand continues to
improve and there will be little
change in quotations during the busy
season.
White Lead in Oil is now in fairly
active demand, a large improvement
being shown the last week or two.
Prices remain steady.
Linseed Oil—A 10c reduction ih
linseed oil has again been made, ow-
ing presumably to the recent slump
in the seed market.
Shellac quotations show considerable reduction.
Turpentine market still inclined to
show weakness; lower prices are
looked for.
PAINTS AND OILS
Paints and Varnishes—With the
Spring season here the demand for
paints and varnishes and paint products is steadily inereasinjr. Rush
orders continue to come in with mail
NEWS OF THE TRADE
'"j. M. Dale, Hammond. B.C., sold
out to B. B. Smith.
.Norman Kidd. Granville Street.
Vancouver, has gone out of business.
Hemeon & Pickard, Vancouver,
have opened up a hardware store at
311 Cordova Street West, and are
going after the ship chandlery business. Mr. llemeon was formerly em-
ployed at McLennan & MeFeeley as
manager of their ship chandlery department.
HARDWARE PRICES CURRENT
The following .ire prices quoted for principal lines of leading wholesale firms.   Prices quoted are necessarily
subject to market fluctuations.
wvii.s !•,.(,., Wright, W i" ISB lbs., 29<
Ib    over  '..fi |b* .  ,'s,   il,
AXES    Hoy*'axe*   IW Um,, ft* tt> $18.5i
doi . double i'ii .i\,-m   J36.6o io $.'«'■ Ofl doi
Hunter's axes  .<! i ',i doa . Hiimle bitted nxes
handled, lit SO to 116 13
a \i:s i',.ii. h. \.i i. fi'.i 80 '!"?■ No I
UE9.SS ,1. ,?■ \.i 3 195.60 doa No I, 150.8;
il. |
IIAU3   »'i<i\v. ?i.'i iii 100 lbs
I'*ii    Iron   an.I   Mil.I   steel,    $4-60   100   I'1
BELTING   Lace, rawhide sides, $1.95 Ib
' ut.  $2 i,  ih
BOLTS, PLOW   No*   i, 8, 3, net Hat; No.
I, advance list 80**i
BOLTS.  S'l'ii\'i;    Less "»,V,   off list.
r,< iLTS, TIRE   Leas MA "ff list.
\,i,i in    on all bolts for broken packages.
BOARD, BEAVER 1,000 to 5,000 ft., M
it . $58 i"1
BOILERS, RANGE- 30 gallons, $17.60 each.
iii IRAN   i.i'.  l2*Ac, barrel lots,
BUILDING PAPER--Tarred, $1.8*0 roll to
$j\20 roll, according to quality; plain, $1.80
lull tn 83 10 roll,
BUTTS'   Plated,   mi   antique  copper and
Hi is.   \|i;i;i
,,iv.in ,. ,„,     dull brans finish, pair: M'j\'-Mv. 44c; 3x3, 4*c;
list     "Bates,"  loaa  li'j',   .iff list.
BOLTS. CARRIAGE (In full package!")
■-» ,u»ti Ritialioi lie tn ii in> I"HK, leaa 261
over 6VJ   Ins.   leas   i"',   ofl   Hat;   7*18 an
liojfii ,  .ill   letlgtilB,   lOtM   1ft' ,
HOLTS.   MO'IIINK    \  iiiul  .small.t  u|>  t>>
SUxfttt   iv.-. 4x4, 80c; 4*-||X4Vi, 90c; axo, $1.50,
PUTTS   Wrought Bteel, No. $04, dos.; 2*4
\.''..   $1.08;   3x3,   $1.98;   a'-.-x:!1".   $2.79;   4x4,
,1      >;; i;n,   l> .vl1-. $4.78; 5x*5, $6,4)8.
CARPET PELT -18 os., .">(i ll',  $4.60 roll
CATCHES,  CUPBOARD   Old  copper and
•4 Ins. lotig, i.vkm io*,' off list, over I tux long.     dull brass finish, dos., $l.fi
Ii'nm i;,',   ,,ff Hhi.  ft nnd  \.  teaM  12Mi''  ofl
list
CHAIN   Coil   B  fire   weld,   100   n>*,;   %
«n; ,',•; 7-ic, $14.82; '<... $14.oo.
chain 100 lbs.: Coll B, electric weld,
3-16, $20.60; 14, $19.50; 5-18, $18.50; %, $14.60;
':, $13.00.
chain.   LOGGING—Each:  5-16x14,  *:U7;
■vxl4.  $4.82.
CHOPPERS, FOOD—Each: Universal, No.
0, $2.21; No, t. $8,79; No. 2, $3.38; No. B.
$4.39; Gem, No. 16, $1.92; No. is, $:'.LM; No.
20, $2.81; No. '-".!, $3.:'s.
ka   ka k m-**** i '
faunaed a7HMicMMariTL£.SARE. juOOiC
maw^Tdaww^wasaT^aYWaTWr^fX^Sttt^.
GAS Mid GflStf LINE MflNTUS
FOR  J\U  STYLES Of   LlOHTS
ASK   FOR   SdMPLEb .^d QUOTATIONS
R/M Aloord lsC°.Uo.\(6nc0UyJi
y'AC\f\C COAST MAHTUfACTORY.
You Have Not Read This Journal, Until You   Have Studied the Advertisements.
■    ... .   ■ 298
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
April
CHURN, BARREL—Each: N<>. 0, $11.00;
No. 1, $11.50; No. 2. *M2v16; No. 3, $14.W»;
No.  4.  $1*3.00.
CLBVI3, MALLEABLE—Lb., 8*c
CLOTHES LINK, WIRE—Doseii: 60 ft.
$4.20; 1(K» ft., $7.6t»: 125 It., $t> 00. 160 It.,
511.40;  300  ft.,  $16.20.
DRILLS—Bit stock. 4ii'< off new list.
Blacksmith,  '■*  Inch, 32Vr  off new  list.
EAVETROUGH—100 It.: 8 in., p&.Cfl; 10 in .
$12.29;   12  in..   $16.10.
ELBOWS, CONDUCTOR l'IPK. Plain -
Dozen: 2 inch, $2.25; 3 inch. $2.65; 4 Inch,
$4.30;   5  inch,  $.10.70.
PILES—Great West, 50-5', off list. Nicholson A  Mack Diamond. 30'r off Hat
HINGES—Dozen pairs: Heavy strap - I
ins., $2.15; 5 ins., $2.75; 6 Ins., $2.95; S In*,
$4.00; 10 ins., $7.20: 12 Ins.. $S».20; 14 ins..
$10.80. Heavy tee. 4 ln&. $2.00; 5 ins . 8*3.60:
6 ins.. $2.90; 8 ina. $3.30; lo Ins.. $6.26; 12
ins., $9.00; 14 Ins., $10.20. Corrugate*! tee.
4 ins.. $2.25; 5 ins.. $3.10; 6 ins.. $3 66; I ins,.
$6.15; 10 ins., $9.25; 12 ins.. $13.S3. Light tee.
.'{ inw., $1.00; 4 ins., $1.10; 5 ins.. $1.30; 6 ins .
$1.60. Corrugated strap. 4 ins.. $1.86; 5 Ins.,
$2.40; 6 ins.. $3.35; 8 ins.. $6.15; 10 ins . $7.7;..
12 ins., $12.15. Light Strap, 3 ins.. $1.«0: I
ins.. $125; 5 ins.. $1.60; 6 Ins.. $1.80.
HORSE SHOES—100 lbs.: Iron. Nos 0 to
1. $11 00; 2 and larger. $10.75.
NAILS. WIRE—Keg. F.O.Ii. Vancouver—
Base, $6.50;  cut, base,  $9.50.
NETTING, POULTRY— Roll: 2x12. $2 1" 8
xl8. $3.15; 2*24. $4.15: 2x30. $4.90; 2x36. $'. 80;
2x4*. $7.46; 2x60, $0.15; 2x72. $10.90; 1x12.
$4.60: 1x18. $6.30; 1x24. $8.60; 1x30. $10 26; lx
36, $11.45; 1x48. $15.75.
NUTS—100 lbs. advance over list: Square.
small lots, $6.06; case lots, $3.06, Hexagon,
small  lots,   $5.35;   case  lots.   $3.35.
PICKS—Clay,  6-7  lbs..  $14 50 dox.
I'lNE TAR—l gal, $1.20 each; V» gallon.
$4.56 doz.; ft gallon. $2.88 dosen.
PLASTER OF PARIS—$3.30 100 lbs.,
barrel lots.
rivets AND BURRS—Black carriage, 5
lb. packages, less 22Vr Off list; copper
rivets, No. 8. 45c lb.; assorted copper rivets
and burrs. No. 8. *S, to *4. 50c lb.; assorted
coppered rivets and burrs. No. 8. \ to •">.«,
3Sc lb.; copper burrs. No. 8, 70c lb.; coppered
burrs, No. 8. 40c Ib.
ROPE. SISAL BASE — British Manila.
19\c bnse; pure Manila. 25c base.
saw, BUCK—Dosen: Happ) Idea, 616.18;
Prince Rupert,  $23,76,
SCREWS -Bright flat bead, 65-ic, ofl
bst; bright mural head, M-W^i off list. brass,
flat hetfad, 50-10 .iff Hat; brass, round head,
l.'l-t"',    Off   list
8CRJSWB, COACH OR LAG   % and small'
er. aif, off list; 7-i<i and larger, $0**| ofl lint
SCREWS, BET- 35',  off list. 100
'CIJKWS.   (-.i!>    26**4   off   |n»t,   U»»>
8HOVKLS AM' SPADES -Dosen i >UIn or
Pox. $17.2$; Jones or Bulldog, $20.ou
SCOOP8 Black Cat, dosen No 2, $82.00
No. ', $2i 00: No  6, $24 50; No  «■  $25 00
IRON.   HAND    !';.   IU   and   1   ll*..   $8.00
[RON, BLACK SHEET- 100 Mm: lo gauge,
$8 (Hi;   12 gauge,  $8.10;   H  gauge.   $8.10;   :-■
gauge,  $8 SO;   If-3a gautfe.   Js >>".  22-24 K.v.iK'K
$8.66; 2»i gauge. $8.86; 20 gauge, f» t-«»
IRON,   GALVANIZED   SHEET-   100   lbs
28 gauge.  American «>r   English,  l<i: .':■   28
gauge, American dt English, $10.78; zi gauge
American or English, $10 «■. U gauge,   vm-
erican or English, $10.26;  Ii and 20 gauge,
$10.06; iti gauge,   Vineriesn, $8.90
SCOOPS   Dosen   Mi-.*»>. No   «   $38.00; No
»>. $27 00; No  v $88,00; Nn   10, $S8.0Qk
All   above   in   black   finish
SuLDKH ,'}X1-. i um' lots, 80c !>*«» $1(3
Id
SPIKES PRESSED—103 ll* % In., $2.50;
6-16 jit ,  fs 00;   '-■  tn .  $<* I 0
STAPLES 100 lbs . m full k,-»ri galvanised fence, $8.80; galvanised poulin netting,
-ii.:..'
TACK'S.   CARPET- •'»'>•,   ..ff Dew   Hat
TOOLS, HARVEST   >>;.-.  off new list
TURNS. CUPBOARD   Old eoppei at*1 dull
brssa plated, down,  $2 21
WARES.  ETC     C,.|,.f>',:i!   plus  10*%   On list;
Imperial plus 10*5 on list; Premier, piua 80^1
<n list; Whst.-. less ::.■■:>,■ "ff Hat; Jap-wined ware, white, plua T71-}'. «»n Hat; Stamp-
ed ware, pi.tin. less 80-8*s off int. stj»r>,;. 1
ware rationed, less it ■ -; •. ..ff u»t Galvai
Ised, except tubs at»d palla pin* **.v. *hii-'i
are pi'i* stv< on hst j.,panned ware plus
60'',  on list
WIRE. BARBED—4 point cattle, 10 rod
$8.28 roll; ' point, hog   80 rod   $8.7! roll
WIRE    PLAIN,   GALVANIZED    J«H»   lbs
No   I   $7 80;   No   12. $-» 00
WIRE, «» A  A    100 Ib*     No   10   17 7:,    No
12. $7,86: Na n. if 16
WRINGKll£ Dosen; Royal Canadian $7.
tiso, $80 78; Axax, $11 16 each,
IRONS HAD, COMMON 100 ll.« « \\tH
.md over $2i 1*4, 3. 4 ami S lbs. $:n |8
MPS I'ii its Bet: No 80, 88.10 No jj
$3 on
MPS    POTTS   HANDLES   Dosen   82.70
I'ntveiiwii handles, $2 i.i
KNOBS,  rim IMIOU   Jnpanned, 14 05 doi
I.AMI'  CHIMNEYS    A.   ram-   I  do*.   jBtSO
case;  A, doa,  $110   11. rase, I dos.,  i&.t
rase    P.  >l«i*   $.'   "
LANTERNS Doaen Short • •[ long glol■•■
plain  Japanned, $16,60; dash, $28.00.
LIFTS 8ASH HOOK Gross OW roppet
and dull brass plated   *
LOCK HASH ii'i.'ii < lid copper and dull
bissa plated, It 45
l.iiCKS. < i'.»ta, i.N'    Rim iM<t*i. doSCO: $2.00
Ijh'KS    ln*id«< dmir wl*.  1)0.00 d«.»«'r»
LOCKS. PRO NT [NXHI Sins BIT l.a,f
$2 18
MATTOCK8   Down    Pick,  818.90   cutlet
$'6 00
VISES Warren solid lux. seat* n ii*
J'.', 80;  80 llm    I'I 28
LAWN M0WER8 Bach Daisy, !.*x3 In
Mad**, $7.80; l»\3 in blade, $8*0; 16x3 tn
blade »'.' M Woodystt, !.2x» in Made, 811.28
14x4 m blade, $13.00; 16x4 in blade, fa-78
"•vt In blade, $t38t) i*mpress u»ii heart-***,
I2xi in blade, $1426; 14x6 in blade, $14.8
18x6 In blade $;:.>• |Sx8 it«, blade H$9
;i>\'i in   blade   111'"!
PAINTS and OILS
MARTIN,   SENOUR   CO    LTD.
Enamela    Vulomob)l«>
Ordinari   Coiora K
'» n kbon
H talk a
I 18 sal ton
1 ardln ii Red
', gallon
'» gallon
M  gallon
EnsmsAs   Engine
1».dits.»-v Colors
'<t   gallon
!»    gallon
', 18  tntU.'is
>
a I
I 1
■
12
.: »•
I 87
' I
The Martin-Senour Co., Limited
MANUFACTURERS OF
High-Grade Paints and Varnishes
British Columbia Factory; 1505 Powell Street, Vancouver
Phone High 422
•a.
-   •
Deal With Our Advertisers:    They Make This Official Publication Possible st 12.00 • Year. 1921
Si IU I'  I
•4    Kalloli
'»  gallon
1 ; •• gallon
I'.iiaiiud   Mai tln'a w hlte
1  gallon
• *  gallon
v, gallon
\  gallon
i '•:  gallon
i•., ,.i Rive  Ih■ami-!
lion
S   gall "■
',  fallon
'.     Kali'i
1-18 aalton
tCnamel   Barb,   Tlnleta,  dux
i irdinai f • nlora In l k.o   i am
\(.irtln Senour porch palm
Martin Senour  Neutone White
Martin Honour Neutone, color
Martin Senour floo   paint
Slterwln Williams,  white
SherwSn   w III lama  «oloi
Shera In w lltlatns   {«>• i h
Shera In William». Bo <•■
dm   "Kngllsh"   P-,lnt
The white fm»i- ronsists of 70'
. ad   I Brandram i  I :• nulne   B I
pun   os th   •■'  I ■
M.olr In  :* • i»U»i ii nnd  a*hl(c
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
2911
K
'•.. Ballon
\ gallon
Pints
'- pints
! ■ ir«   oul side nod Inside * I it<
•■. lull •
', gallon
l-lftta
'.. pints
Window bits t green   Ra   ■ ■
'.,  gall
',  gallon
Pints
1 |      | ! n' i
F! ;t   srhlti   and   rai shite   , ■
'.- tall as
;, Ballon
lit •
',,    jiint
maw    Kall»«i
. ■   oi
!.» gallon
'•.•   . • '
in  barrehi  di ■' • I   '   mi    m«  sal
I • i   gallon
In      k ■ li ":  • <■■« dedi   I   ' ■•"•■  i
;     <   • Q   i». i gallon
Pa'nti and Oils.
\ ihaatine
w | ■•   :>., lb   pWifK. full * sees
•   |ike« . full < uses
,    >-. ot   >>■'■
.■ . *    full raaes
■ ri.  pkgs . full ■ i»•
bra In < ill. Pure
in n  Bini k
V ■ - eUan Bed
Indian  Bed
Drop Bim k
Ctroj   Blael
('hrotne  Vrlloa
■ ;■ i.i. fi i mk
Prent-h Sp1 ui •■ Och i
Row nnd Burn! Rlenn •
Iti \   mil ''■ • nt   vmlx •
\ mdyki    B awn
i ■ laalnn   B   ■
'   Ineei   iHue
z oa
1.07
; 58
! 22
'ib
62
2 ', <
I | ,
11nllon
ji to
4 20
LJ I
I 73
I 10
I to
I 10
i8i
pure white
i   and   10
■■ |
■ lalton
il $4 15
I 50
I •'.,.
I 88
:. ss
Ballon    I S •
I 8J
i 76
I :■<
a .a
.
i. i
I
.' t .>
.'» SO
t- >-.
• ni'  Knl
loo n,H
11 ::
n 24
I ib  'I'll
i idol h   in   i
■ '
I'll!      tl     H
Ine  11
bn
Urn.'   II)
ue
cirali
1 *olo
i "hromn
Ol -I''
Pi• mi,  i
it •th
Pronse t]
i pen
Putill'  (J
i tin
Putty
Bulk, )mm
ill     s
in
lbs
Bulk  Nnrt
Ih.     Ii
n
Iba
Bulk Pnrn
la 26
ll
a
TIllM,    6   lb
lb
Tina i ib
lb
Ll
uf-H Oil
Raw, 1 to I
>    bill
el*
Boiled, t I.
5 ba
i ri
la
31
ss
14
1 (KJ
il
SI
Whltf  Lead  In Oil
I      In     ,"l     1 , 111X
i,ono ii**   in i  ion
la'** than i ton
84
100 Iba
7 lm
s 11
8.80
10
124
Gallon
$ 1.88
l 38
100 lbs
18 58
17.08
is 52
TurrMjntlne
Barrel  lots
Case   I-it*
V.imltthes
Elastic,   No    l
Elastic No. :
IV   Linoleum
IV  Mai nn- Spar
IV Bale Hard I ill
IV   I'urnttur,'
I. ujqui re(
Japan* and  Dryen
IV Black Asphaltum Varnish
iv House Painters' Japan
IV   lapan   Dryer
IV  Liquid  Dryer
i'■' \v| it,- Japai   iini-r
Gallon    (,en^  ^n Ormond lnus been actively
1.70    identified with uie Association, since
its inception  and has at all times
Gallon    token a k(M'n alu' constructive inter-
Less 88 i-8    est in its affairs.
$ 8.20
8.;>o
7.51)       ^— ..-■.■-—     , , :    -     -
8.00
5.80 -    v
4.ZU
i.t'SH  Ifl
.50
Gallon,
Less 68 1-8
i 2.90
4.20
8.80
3.60
4.60
"NEVERSUP"  PLIERS
Made of crucible steel, with removable
jaws and manufactured at the "Never-
Blip" Works. New Brunswick, N..J.
The season for afternoon tea is
drawing nigh, and our office staff,
of which the above is a "fair"
sample, is looking forward to the
fragrant and refreshing cup that
cheers.
NANAIMO SETS FINE EXAMPLE
At the annual meeting of the Na
iiaiiiiii branch of the Retail Merchants' Association of Canada held
March 29th, the reports of the president, secretary and auditor showed
the local branch to be in a thriving
condition,
Officers for the year were elected
;is follows ;
Pn Mil.-nt    R, 11. Onnond.
First Vice-President  -J. C. Dakin.
Second Vice-President — Oliver
Key.
Treasurer   ('has. Rawlinson.
Honorary Secretary- W. R. Griffith.
Executive Committee- Fred Jep-
son, P. Bennett, J. B, Rodgins, V. 11.
Watchoril, -las. Henderson, .1. ll.
Malpass, Harvy Murphy. ,1. B, Nicholson, Percy Cowman, J. Quennell.
Ai the in Nt general meeting of tlie
Association Qeorge S Hougham, sec«
rotary of the B.C. Board, will be
present.
It is satisfactory to note that this
branch, which was the first branch
in British Columbia to officially
apply for admission to the national
association, is still going strong. This
branch was organized in April. l!H">.
by the present Provincial Secretary,
with '.':. members, its membership
now mustering to very close to 100
per cent  of the available material.*
The election of Mr. R 11. Onnond
to the presidency is a perfectly natural, one might say, inevitable, inei-
RETAILERS PROVIDE REST
ROOM
Calgary retail merchants have
subscribed to a fund to open a rest
room in that city, It is felt by the
merchants that a rest room will be
of benefit to their trade, as country
visitors can make it a rendezvous,
and leave their parcels, etc., while
shopping in the city. The rest room
will also encourage farmers to have
their wives accompany them when
attending the market, as they will
be assured of comfortable quarters.
---The Commercial.
CONSUMPTION CURABLE
The twentieth annual report of the
Canadian Association for the Prevention of Tuberculosis reveals much
food for thought, for progress is being made against tuberculosis in our
midst. Education and sound propaganda are bound to have a goodly
influence upon the daily habits of
the community. For many centuries
the disease was believed to be heredi
tary and incurable, but today scientific research has established that it
is not only preventable but curable
if taken in its early stages. It also
records a decrease in the death rat"
from tuberculosis in Canada of thirty
per cent in the last twenty years, due
chiefly to lessened infection, better
living conditions and earlier treatment. 300 THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER April
NUTRITIVE VALUE
An eminent health authority has recently said:
44 Without question, the addition of
Yeast to Bread is one of the ehiei
reasons why it is an Ideal Food; and
why, with the addition of milk, it
becomes a perfectly balanced diet."
This is due to the rich content in Yeast
of the precious Vitamine, water soluble B,
now recognized as an essential food factor
FLEISCHMANN'S YEAST
More than a leavener
Aids in the assimilation of your Bread,
and adds health and growth-promoting
value.
It is far richer in vitamine B than any
other available substance.
Its presence ensures that quick
and easy digestion that makes
bread the most prized of all foods
THE FLEISCHMANN COMPANY
Fleischmann's Yeast Fleischmann's Service
a. 1921
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
301
fl^SssS
A CONVENTION REMINDER
Arrange to Take Your Vacation Week of October 3rd,
1921  (Convention Week).
We have been asked to remind B.C, bakers thai
ih** convention ol tin* Bread and I ake Manufacturers1
AftHociatiou •■! Canada will he held this 3 ear al Toronto,
in October,   II K. Trent, the secretary, writes us:
'The iky is the limit.'   The mosl wonderful response and iupporl has been given to our convention
and exhibition by the manufacturers of machinery and
supplies,   Al ii;i"> earl,\ <i.ti<• it looks aa though the one
ijti building would be ton small to accommodate all
\n one dreamed of sucu
el i he anj licants for spaci
'Are vou saving upl Are you making plans' Arc
you lall iuj* il over w 1 fI« vour wifpf Arc you arranging that notl ii 12 v.til keep you away' One more word
you eatinoi nfford to sta) away from the greatest
Canadian educational opportunity ever given the bread
and cake manufacturers, to see every modern machine
and Mippln-N in (Deration, working automatic bakery,
possibly a small flour mill, cake mixers, dough mixers.
doughnut 11 ■> hiues, wrapping machines, moulding ma
chines, n ore ma 'hiui n than we know the names of, and
then some,
"(let 'his convention on your nerves, so thai you
must come ;-» ir> I cured 2,000 attendance is our ambition.   2.000 we musl have   October 3rd to 8th."
Y.v. II. I*. Trent's address is 208 Simcoe Street,
i oronl 0.
A NEW BOOK FOR COMMERCIAL BAKERS
"Modern Praetieal Baking," by William 11.
Brooks, ha« just been issued by Willis I,. Hall, pub
liaher, Palo Alto, Cal, In litis book Mr. Brooks presents
in twenty seven chapters a wealth of information on
baker) goods thai will he of greal value. Having
learned the business both in the old country and America l'.\ working in bakeries and by investigation as
traveling correspondent of trade papers, .Mr. Brooks is
well equipped lo handle his subject. Specially of interest at this time is the feature of window bakeries,
• if which he is qualified to speak by reason of hisiposi-
lion with the Bake Rite Oven Corporation,
All aorta of bakery goods are discussed, beginning
with plain bread and ending with fig goods,   hi each
chapter he gives formulas that he has tried repeatedly
and found Ruccessful, so that any baker following instructions given need do very little experimentation.
The chapters on Danish pastry, doughnuts, pound cake,
raisin   goods,   almond   goods   and   fig  goods   contain
BAKERY, CONFECTIONERY
and CATERING SECTION of
 Cbc	
British Columbia
i  IRetailet  i
many new formulas for dainties that can be manufactured and sold to good advantage by the ordinary
baker. .Mr. Brooks is a thorough believer in progress
in the baking industry, laying special emphasis on the
merchandising feature. With all these matters discussed by a practical man. those who want to forge to
the front in this business will learn much of value
from Mr. Brooks' book.
STOPPING THE LEAKS THAT COUNT
My subject, "The Cost of a Loaf of Bread and
Present-day .Weds in Advertising," divides itself into
two parts requiring separate treatment, although there
is direct relation between costs and advertising. The
cost of a loaf of bread is dependent, in some degree,
upon your capacity and output; your output, in turn,
is somewhat dependent upon your methods of advertising.    We will, however, deal with this phase later.
What Constitutes Cost
Let us first consider what actually constitutes
cost. The actual cost of a loaf of bread is the sum
total of all the items of expense that have entered into
its making. I dare say, if we were to ask each man
here today what it costs him to make a pound of
baked bread, we would get as many different answers
as there arc bakers in this room. The answer that
would bo nearest correct would be the one submitted
by the baker having the best understanding of the
principles of bakery accounting and cost-finding
systems.
The Cost Details
Cenerally speaking, costs are made up of these
four factors: Materials, shop expense (including shop
labour 1, delivery expense and overhead. Using these
general classifications, a baker may be able to make a
fairly good guess as to what his costs are. But, unless
a system tells you what became of every dollar's worth
of material purchased, and accounts for every dollar
paid out for labour or supplies, and gives you a close-
up view of every item of cost, it will point the way to
greater profits, or show you even how to avoid actual
losses.
Item of Materials
Let me point to the items of materials and call
your attention to a cost factor which is of vast importance. This factor is called "invisible loss." You start,
your month's operations with so much material on
hand; during the month you receive more material; at
Deal W.th Our Advertisers:    Thoy  Make This Official Publication Possible at $2.00 a Year. 302
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILEE
April
The Bakers' Favorite
GOVERNMENT   BRAND
ream of the West
FLOUR
IHE HEDLEY SHAW HUNG COMPANY, LUTED
MEDICINE HAT, ALBERTA
Phone Seymour 2245 Affiliated with MAPLE LEAF MILLING CO., LIMITED
Vancouver Office: 510 Hastings Street West.
Your Cakes' Reputation KJffiKwS
Your husiness flourishes or fails on the reputation of your cakes. Their
tastiness is largely dependent <>n the uniform quality <d' tin- shortening the
fatty richness that goes into them.
The uniform smoothness with which Bakers' Cottolene works
in the mixers, the reduced amount necessar*) and the fftcl thai it is
all fat    saves time and inone).
The richness of Bakers' Cottolene makes it necessar) to nse
only ]2 ounces to L'ct results equal to those obtained \\\\b l'» ounces
of other shortenings.
Perhaps you have never "gotten around" to trying Bakers
Cottolene?   Let us ship you a trial order.   Prices on request.
I THE i-kt FA IR BAN K «*•*--1
MADE IN CANADA
MONTREAL
M^COTTOLENE
Packed in Tierces, Half Barrels, Tubs and Pails.
i
i
I' 1921
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILER
30a
the end ot* the month you take inventory again and
find so much on hand. The difference between what
you started with, plus what was purchased, less what,
was on hand at the end of the mouth, represents the
amount of materials the coat of whieh is chargeable to
that month'*l Operations Now, add up mat.-rials used,
as shown by your - i * - m u! i sheets that is to say, ihe
materials that actually went into the mixer then add
the dusting flour used and the pan ami trough grease,
and you will haw accounted fur all the materials that
really went into production.   Deducl this, then, from
whal your stock records 8how ynii used, Mini vhii will
find that some of your mat. rials haw disappeared. This
ih called "invisible loss,"
How Loss Occurs
Now, whs! cause* this loss; You purchase flour
on the basis of 196 pounds ii. the barrel, It often happens that flour, when received, weighs I'M instead of
106 pounds. This may be CSUHed b\ losa in transit or
inaccurac) in mill weights, or both. Then, again, the
flour Hill lose in..re weigh! iii storage, bo thai yon
think \ on are using 1D6 poundfl when you have actually
192 or 19*1 pounds to ns.
This discrepancy suggests the weighing of all materials when received, so that nel weights may be
• nt. red in the stork record, ex 'essive shortages be detected and adjustments made with mills, railroads, or
manufacturers.    Materials should  be  kept   under lode
and key, with a certain reliable employee as a stock
clerk. II • should check in all materials and give receipts for net weights received. He should, in turn.
receive r reccipl for sll materials given out. Other
causes contributing lo "invisible loss" are materials
wasted and materials misappropriated or stolen.
Importance of Invisible Loss
The importance of 'his "invisible loss    factor is
illustrated by the example of a plant which had a loss
from this source of 6 per cent during a considerable
period. Tins plant had a stock room, but did not
require thai the stock man receipt for all materials
taken iu, or receive a receipt for stock issued to the
mixer      .Mat. rials   were   supposed   to   be   checked   in,
however, as to weight and quantity before being receipted for.   An investigation disclosed the tact that,
one of the driven* for a local teaming company which
did the hauling for the bakery was dishonest aud was
pilfering several sacks of flour from each load hauled.
Whether he was doing this with the knowledge ami
Connivance of the stock man was not known. At an)
rate, the stock man was guilty of cross carelessness
and was discharged.   Thereafter the "invisible loss
in this plant decreased to an extent which meant a
savini- of nearly $2,000 per month.
Disappearance of Stock
Sugar, bird, syrups and other materials arc mysteriously Btnuggled nut of the bakery stock rooms and
one can" never be sure just how many families are be-
Ing supplied out of materials which the loose-system
baker charges against his production costs. Without
a knowledge of your "invisible loss" it is impossible
to figure your formula COSt each day or week.
A baker who would deposit $1,000 in a bank would
naturally expect that the cashier would account to him
for every.penny of that $1,000. Yet this same baker
will put. $1,000 into stock and trust to chance as to
whether the stock checks out $1,000 or $800. This
money, invested in materials, is just as much $1,000 in
that form as it is when it is in the bank in actual currency.
Figuring Shop Expenses
Coming to the question of "shop expense," there
are items of importance here that too often are little
understood or given insufficient attention. Depreciation is one of them. Some bakers don't even figure
depreciation as an item of cost; others fix an arbitrary
rate, which is most often too low; others again run
high on this item. No apparent study is given as to
what rates should be used, and this naturally makes
cost figures on a loaf or a pound of bread vary. I
know of hakers who charge no depreciation when they
think they are losing money.
Scale of Wages
Now, the scale of wages paid for shop help has
cither a lot to do with the cost of a pound of bread, or
little, according to the production efficiency of the
men. ! know of instances where the wages paid in one
plant were 25 per cent higher than in another shop of
similar size, yet the labor cost per pound of baked bread
was less in the shop where the wages were highest.
I might go on and enumerate other cost factors
that are important, such as absorption, evaporation,
damaged and stale bread, dusting flour, loss of grain
in sealing, and the cost of pan and trough grease, etc.
The point is that all these are vital cost factors, and
any system of accounting which does not bring these
factors under control is inadequate for the needs of the
business. The items I have mentioned are those that
are controllable to a large extent, and their proper
control will bring your costs down, increase your profits, and make every man in your employ more efficient.
Do Not Procrastinate
Employees, like ourselves, do their best work when
some guiding influence presses them—something
which compels certain results, and to do things today
instead of putting them off until tomorrow. The time
is now here, in my opinion, when profits will be more
dependent on efficiency of management than they will
be governed by the price you get for your bread or by
vour BCaling weights.   Bakers should turn their atten-
» *-
tion inward and study the means of eliminating waste
and detecting inefficiency within their organization.
Reduce Avoidable Losses
You may cut your purchases to the minimum; you
may reduce your labour to actual production requirements, but unless you reduce your burden expenses,
such as avoidable loss, through waste, and provide a
system whereby every department is subjected to a
searching analysis at all times, you will not reduce your
loaf cost to what it should be.
If you will pay more attention to the preventing
of trouble you will not have to pay so nuieli attention
to stopping it. 304
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA  RETAILEE
April
CAKES THAT ARE  SELLING
AROUND TOWN
Tested Recipes from Practical Bakeshops
^L^^tP'
RECIPES TO USE UP STALE CAKE
Crumb Cake
One and one half pounds sugar. :!, pound lard, 1
quart molasses, 1 pint water or sour milk, 2 ounces
soda, ! j pound cocoanut. 1 j n pounds cake crumbs. .V-
pounds flour, spices.    Medium oven.
Crumb Cake No. 2
1 pound brown sugar, :tj pound butter, 1 pint mo
lasses. 1 pint water. ;' eggs, - ounces soda, spices, 2
pounds cake crumbs. LM-j pounds flour. Mix together.
Rub up sugar and butter: add eggs, spices, molasses
and soda dissolved in water; then add flour and cake
crumbs. Break off pieces the size of a walnut, throw
in granulated sugar and pan.    Bake in medium oven.
Ginger Cakes
7 pounds stale cake crumbs. 5 pounds flour. •»'_•
pounds Bugar, 12 eggs, 2 pounds lard, a little mixed
peel (chopped), - pounds currants. 2 ounces ginger, 1
ounce mixed spice, ' ounces powder, about 2 pints
milk. Mix into a stiff dough and roll out to about 1
inch thick, and cut (,'it with a 3-inch cutter, Plate
on greased tins, wash with milk, and allow plenty oi
room on tins between. Dredge well with sugar and
bake in a solid oven.
Fruit Gingerbread
5 pounds flour. 4 pounds cake crumbs. I1 , pounds
butter. 4 ounces ginger, 2-^ pounds brown BUgar, 1
pound peel (cut fine), 2 pounds almonds, 11 m ounces
mixed spice. 1 ounce powder, d pounds syrup, 2 pounds
sultanas, 12 eggs, about 2 pints milk. Mix in the usual
manner and bake on a sheet tin with wooden upsets.
or if you have a sheet tin with four sides it would do
better. Bake about 320 degrees. When cold, cut up
in '/o-pound and 1-pound pieces, which can be wrapped
in parchment paper.
Almond's Limited
VANCOUVER, B. C.
IMPORTERS OF
Bakers and Confectioners'
Machinery  and   Supplies
Gingerbread (Common)
3*U» pounds flour, ! pound stale cake crumbs, I1;
ounces powder, :'i pound BUgar, ' ■_• pound lard. 1 ounce
ginger, '- ounce spice, -'- pounds molasses, essence ol
lemon.    Rub tlie whole well  together and mix  into a
dough.   Weigh oul and bake m an) Bise required.
Gordon Buns
M •> pounds stab crumbs, I pounds flour, 1 ounce
powder,   l'j  pounds bllttCr Or lard.   J ! a  poituds BUgar,
10 eggs, I ounce mix.-.! spie.', Ui ounce ginger, milk
Rub together and mix into a firm dough and weigh
into S-ounce pieces, and then divide into four M
up round, flatten out. mark on top with a knife blade,
wash with egg and turn on rough sugar. Plate "ii
greased tins    Bake m a moderate oven
Ginger Cakes
'i pounds stale cake crumbs,  • j pounds flour,  Impound mixed peel, 2 ounces powder, l'-« pounds sugar,
12 eggs, 1 i uncc ground ginger, 1 ounce mixed spic
milk    Cream on as tor ordinary batter, add eggs, at
then add the flour, with the powder previouah sit-
in; then add pari of the mdk, and lastly add cake
crumb'-' and enough milk to make a nice batter, VV<
into square tins at 1 pound and bake !-r' an ovei booh
'.JO degrees,
Almond Cakes
■'{ pounds cskc crumbs, '•• pound ground a!
fi
111011111*,
1
» pound Hour, ' | poumi chopped alumnus, t pound
sugar, ti ounces butter, ' j ounce powder, 12 eggs, n
little essence oi almonds, ('ream up in the ordinary
way; fill into small, well greased, round hoops   When
done wash "\er with thin water icing and roll m chop
ped almonds previously browned in the oven on n
sheet of (d.an paper.
TICKETS AND   I A III IS
MADE   0Y   SPECIALISTS
a epeclallat, In any catting, i« one equipped to pro*1
duce raeulta promptly, eatiafactorliy nnd economically.
no.t a where our plant differ* from the nverti-ce. prim-
Inf offloe Wa carry In Hoc** many ton* ->t colored card
boarda for Immediate na*. At one oparatlon with our
modem apaclalty machinery, we print |leke\a in two
colore on front of tlekel nnd on the back; number each
ticket  t h»* earn a or ooneecutlvely nn.t  perforate  aheet
both   w:iy«;   or   wa   <'in   print   your   ticket*   nnd   re-Wind
into roiiH to unit, nnt-h ticket numbered oonaecutlvely
nnd correctly, Wa make bread labile in two colore f<>r
the price of printing one color, in guantltlee, and pul
up   Into   roll*   of   S.CK>0      We   make   the   ticket*   for   the
B C.hJ, iiv. iiv thr. minion*: for tin* North Vancouver
Ferriee; for the Government Amuaement Tax, ni*o up
In the million* nnd nil kind* of theatre ticket*. May
we   not   ho  of  wervtre   to  Voil
NICHOLSON, LTD.
Phone   Bayvlew   353
2092 2nd   AVENUE   WEST VANCOUVER.   0.   C. THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RKTAILER
305
Notes from England
WEIGHT OF LOAF ENACTMENT.
Il IS believed by the \. A. that the,
new committee that has been Bel up
is to specially investigate the working of this war measure with a view
to recommending its sdoption as a
permanent enactment, regarding the
manufacture and sale ol bread. If
ibis is SO, the b&king trade over here
will fight tin* measure tooth and
nail. At the time when this order
was made the trade had no means
of preventing its appearance.    We
were at war and food was in a dan-
c-, rous position. Today the conditions an by no means the same.
Ever since 'his provisional bread
order has been in force many mem
hers of the trad.- have been Bhame*
lull) deal! With under its provisions.
The wording of Clause B is almost
impossible ti) carry out.
Standardization in England
It is perfectly easy f..r these departmental   officials   to  dogmatise
and say that  bread must weigh one
pound or an even number of pounds,
hut   th.-y  d.»  not   tell   us  how   it   is
going   !"   be   done.      |iy   an   adjust
men! of weights bread ean be made
to conform to these provisions immediately it comes out of the oven,
but how about after, saw eight hours
old* Surel) an inspector will seek
to  find  his victims,  nol  when he
may guess 'he bread is hot and new.
but when i' is a fair number of hours
old.    One might justly hazard a sii£-
gestion that the making permanent
of such a law is a new means of ex-
torting money from helpless traders.
The suggested law is not fair, and
is not in keeping with our traditions of treating our merchants fairly and squarely. Furthermore, it
savors of trickiness, and of an unworthy motive of endeavoring to
compel bakers to conform to conditions which no scientist has yet been
able to definitely ascertain.
The only reason bakers have put
up with this Bread Order so loir*
is through a sense of lovaltv to the
nation in admittedly difficult times,
and it is not playing the game to
take advantage of our temporary
acquiesence, in order to make such
provisions a part of our permanent
legislation in regard to the manufacture and sale of bread. Before this
Dread Order made its appearance
bakers were able to make up any
deficiency in weight by the addition
of a small piece of bread or rolls,
but this practice is now illegal.
There are so many difficulties
bakers are up against in making
bread weigh exactly one pound or
an even number of pounds. Bakers
arc as keen as our legislators in safe-
guarding the interests of the public,
but this should not be effected to
the obvious detriment of bakers.
Bread is always made a number of
hours before it is sold, and the evaporation that takes place, ami loss
of weight through other circumstances varies considerably,   in fact
it is almost impossible to standardize these factors. Consequently,
bakers ean never feel safe against
being victimized by the Weights and
Measures Inspectors and we notice
an ominous reference made in the
report to the effect that the imposition of heavier penalties for offences
than the penalties specified in the
Bread Acts should he made.
Now it is up to all our trade papers and trade associations to fight
these fads and fancies of the limpets
in office. We have had more than
enough of official interference in
the past years, and if we are wise
we will raise our voices strongly
against any new permanent legislations on the lines indicated. This
is a testing time for British bakers.
We shall soon know what influence
our trade papers and trade associations have when they are up against
a Government department.
This is a time for getting together
and putting every ounce of strength
into our opposition. There are hundreds of ways to go about it and we
should see to it that no stone is left
unturned until we make sure that
the trade is not going to be made the
tools of officialism. There conies a
time when even the patience of Job
can be pierced, and if bakers desire
to retain their liberty of action they
should make no mistake in defeating
the present objects of the Food
Ministry.
A journal devoted to science asks
its readers: "How should women
dress0" Seems to us the old-fashioned way of putting one's outside
garment on last is about as good as
anv.
KIRKLAIND & ROSE
IMPORTERS  AND  MANUFACTURER'S AGENTS
Bakers' and Confectioners' Supplies
AGENTS  FOR
MILKSTOCK
\ i in- Separated Milk in Powder Form,
DIAMALT
* Put • Molt Extract tor Bakers
CHOCOLATE
for Confoctlonery and Cake Work
ESSENCES
Klavorlngs, Harmless Colors, Essentia] oils, etc.
PAPER   GOODS
Ol   all   kinds,   l.aie   Mats.   I liailottc   Kusse  Cup-*,
( :.i p (irnamcnts, etc.
130 Water Street.
Manufactured  h)   CANADIAN   MILK PRODUCTS  LTD,
Toronto, Canada.
Manufactured   by   THE    AMERICAN   DIAMALT   CO.,
Cincinnati, Ohio.
Manufactured   bj   THE   cowan   CO.   LTD..   Toronto,
Canada.
Manufactured by \Y. J. BUSH & CO. LTD., London, Eng.,
ail''  Montreal, Canada.
"^OMugff^Siiftife"
Manufactured by MVSSKLi, HUNT, OATTY <<• ^'0. LTD,
London, Eng., and Montreal, Canada,
VANCOUVER, B.C. 306
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA RETAILEB
Apn
1
WILSON BROTHERS
Established 1890
Our Motto is "SERVICE"
We cannot offer to sell you goods cheaper than any other firm is in a position to do, but we CAN
give actual facts to prove that it is
ECONOMY
to deal with us
Sf&to WILSON BROTHERS. VICTORIA. B. C.
.;■
SHAMROCK BRAND
Stands for the Highest Grade Butter
i si!
It is our endeavour to maintain the Highest Standard, and you can safely RECOMMEND this brand t<> your customers.
Reliability goes with SHAMROCK BRAN!)
P. Burns & Company, Limited
VANCOUVER
CALGARY
EDMONTON
EFFICIENCY Brand Heavy Rubber Footwear
Brown and White.
HIP, STORM KING
and KNEE BOOTS
THREE, FOUR and SIX
EYELET LUMBERMEN'S
WE ALSO CARRY A LARGE STOCK OF "MALTESE CROSS" BRAND BOOTS LUMBERMEN'S
—AND LIGHT RUBBERS.
Gutta  Percha &
526 BEATTY STREET, VANCOUVER.
Send Your Rush Orders to Us.
Rubber, Ltd.
564 YATES STREET, VICTORIA. PARAGON
VICIORY
FLOUR  MILLS
^COUVEP    *'
S&ECTED HARD SPRING WHEAT
FLOUR
FAMILY PATENT
Victory Flour Mills, Limited
806 BEACH AVENUE VANCOUVER,  B.C.
Phones: Seymour 3242—3243—3244
Never Before in Business
has good merchandising called so definitely
for special attention to advertised goods.
Postum Cereal—Instant Postum
Grape-Nuts and Post Toasties
have been popularized through steady, nation-wide advertising of their
unquestionable merit.
These specialties require but small investment, enjoy quick turnover, and
yield (or grocers certain, clean profit that increases from growing volume.
No Risk
Sale Guaranteed
fEg&uziB&EmM
•JI*
»   £-, .:."    i
Instant 0
3 POSTUM
A BCVfRAGC
Made by
Canadian Postum Cereal Co.,
Windsor, Ontario, Canada A Seasonable Product
*•*•<•>
THE SEASON IS NOW HERE FOR
COOKED MEAT SPECIALTIES
For Superior Qualify, Flavor and &conomu--cUr\) Our
PREMIUM COOKED HAM ASHLAND BRAND COOKED MEAT SPECIALTY
GEM COOKED SHOULDERS BAKED MEAT LUNCHE0N L0AF
JELLIED BEEF TONGUES
ROAST PORK SHOULDERS JELLIED LUNCHEON PORK TONGUE
BAKED HAM WITH DRESSING      HEAD CHEESE
Swift Canadian Company, Limited
Vancouver      New Westminster       Victoria        Nelson        Calgary        Edmonton
SUPPLY YOUR CUSTOMERS
-   WITH   -
"APEX" SOAP FLAKES
Guaranteed 100% Pure
Especially Suitable for use in all Types of Washing Machines
SOLD BY THE POUND IN BULK    NO WASTE
Price: $4.75 per case—25 lbs.
THE ROYAL CROWN SOAPS, LTD.
VANCOUVER, B.C.

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