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British Columbia Lumberman Oct 30, 1904

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►
British Columbia lumberman
PUBLISHED  EVERY   MONTH
D.   TODD LEES,   -   ■   -   -    Jiitsinrss Manager
Office  Mackinnon  Building, Granville  Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Telephone 11% P. O. Drawer 988
Terms of Subscription (Payable in Advance)
One year, Canada or the United States $ 1 00
One year, Foreign Countries    1 50
Advertising Rates on Application
Correspondence bearing upon any phase of the lumber industry
will be gratefully acknowledged, and discussion upon trade subjects
is invited.
To oi'R Advertisers.- The British Columbia Lumberman
has a guaranteed circulation of 2,000 copies. It will be found in
every mill, lumber manufactory, logging camp, etc., in the Province
and Pugel Sound, besides all dealers in lumber in the Northwest and
Canada generally- T° lumber manufacturers, lumber dealers and
machinery makers no better medium has ever been offered in the
West.
__ 'Persons corresponding Wftb advertisers in the lirilish
Columbia Lumberman will confet a favoi by giving the journal
ctedil foi such conespondence.
VANCOUVER, B. C, OCTOBER,  1904.
POLITICS AND THE LUMBER
SITUATION.
While matters on both sides of the "line" are
waxing warm in consequence of the impending
elections, Dominion and Presidential, the politicians arc "putting up" the lumber question, and
each side, as Far as the Dominion elections are
concerned, are having a shot at it. The following
extracts   make   interesting   reading:
Sir Charles llihhert Tupper, president of the
Liberal-Conservative Union of British Columbia,
nniler date of the 9th inst.. furnishes the press
with a manifesto for the faithful of that party to
read, learn and inwardly digest, and for the
lumbermen he gives a review of the efforts
made to obtain recognition of their grievances by
the Laurier Government!
In 1898 John Hendry, chairman, and J. G. Scott,
secretary, forwarded a resolution of the lumbermen of British Columbia to each of the cabinet
as it  then  was and  now  is.     Nothing was done!
On   March   4th,   1S99,   the   Dominion   Government were again asked to impose an import duty.
on  lumber    and    shingles   similar  to  the  import
duty    imposed  on  these  articles  by  the    United
States.     Nothing was done!
On the 10th December, 1000, the B. C. Lumber
& Shingle Manufacturers' Association in a communication to tlie Prime Minister of British Columbia, said among other things:
"Another cause which militates against the
British Columbia shingle manufacturers is that
American shingles are admitted free of duty
into British Columbia and Canada, while British
Columbia     shingles  are   subject   to  an   American
duty of 30 cents per thousand upon all shingles
imported to the United States. The effect of this
is that American'shingles have:—
"1. Their own market reserved to them by a
protective duty of 30 cents per thousand.
"2. They have a decided advantage in shipping
to Canada by purchasing their shingle bolts at
from $1 to $1.50 per cord less than they can be
purchased in  British Columbia.
"3. The British Columbia mills have to pay
a duty averaging from 20 per cent, to 30 per cent.
on all the machinery and mill supplies used in
the  manufacture  of  their  shingles,
"In each of these points, therefore, it will be
seen that the local shingle manufacturers are at
a great disadvantage as compared with the
1'uget  Sound  mills.
"In the Northwest Territories and Manitoba
there is competition from Minnesota, which has
a much cheaper railroad haul for their lumber.
Rough lumber and shingles enter the Dominion
free of duty, which leaves our markets at the
mercy of the United States manufacturers, while
the Canadian mills have to pay $2 per thousand
for lumber and 30 cents per thousand on shingles
as an American import duty. The effect of this
is   to   limit   the   railway   shipments   from   British
Columbia to the Canadian markets, while leaving
the markets of British Columbia and Canada
open to American competition."
January 16th, 1901, the B. C. Lumber & Shingle
Manufacturers* Association, John Hendry, president, addressed the Prime Minister of Canada.
They called attention to their communications
of 1898, 1899 and 1900, as having produced no result, and they respectfully urged the necessity
for imposing duty on lumber and shingles entering Canada from the United States. This request
was supported by the delegation from the British
Columbia Government, who supplied the Dominion Government with a memorandum respecting the lumber tariff from which the following
is   taken:
"In the matter of a tariff on lumber, the mill-
men of British Columbia claim that they are
entitled to equal considerations with Manitoba
and the Northwest. . The increase in trade and
population on the Coast, through the prosperity
of the lumber and other industries, means an
increased market for the products of the Northwest Territories. Moreover, since the British
Columbia mills entered the Northwest market,
the price of lumber has been reduced $5 per thousand,  and  that  of shingles  from $3  to $175  per
i»®®®®®(SX^<iX^
THE SPACE RESERVED
FOR
THE A. J. BURTON SAW CO.
LIMITED
VANCOUVER,   B.  C.
I Manufacturers of Circular, Band and Gang Saws 1
DEALERS IN   FILE  ROOM SUPPLIES.
BRITISH   COLUMBIA  AGENTS  FOR
R.  Hoe: &, CO., New York
MANUFACTURERS OF THE CELEBRATED HOE INSERTED TOOTH SAWS
i1
11
i i
11
11
WE HAVE IN STOCK AND ON ORDER A COMPLETE LINE OF BITS AND SHANKS
Special Attention to Repairs.   All Work Guaranteed.' Orders Executed Promptly.
»®<S®<8)®®®®$ BRITISH COLUMBIA  LUMBERMAN
i
11
t!
t!   r
I
1
i
Get the Genuine
HOE
CHISEL-TOOTH
SAW
40,000
RUNNING
IN
EVERY KIND
OF
TIMBER
Imitated
But
Never
Equaled!
PERFECT
IN
MATERIAL,
WORKMANSHIP AND
TEMPER
-a  made: only bv  if-
R. HOE & CO.,
504 to 520 Grand St.
NEW YORK, N. Y.
isand, so that the prairie farmers have profit-
iccordingly.
FTo illustrate the conditions existing as be
feen British Columbia and the Pacific Coast
juth, it may be stated that for the year 1900
ie total of cargo and rail shipment was 777,043,-
t7 feet, while that of British Columbia was approximately 85,000.000. There was 444 mills in
ie State of Washington, with a daily capacity
of 8,380,000 feet. In British Columbia there arc
97 mills of 3,645,000 feet daily capacity; the capacity of the shingle mills in the State of Washington is _»K,700.000, and that of British Columbia
4,000,000. The States of Oregon and California
approximate in production that of the State of
Washington, where there are about 24,000 operatives employed in the lumber industry alone.
The Statt- of Washington has a market of 75,-
000,000 persons, with Canada as an additional outlet, while the mills of British Columbia are excluded from the market of the United States and
have, at the same time, to compete in it- own
territory with American mills."
It is stated that, in consequence of a tariff
being imposed on American lumber equal to that
imposed by the United States on Canadian lumber, the Northwest Territories will suffer. Apart
from the fact that the British Columbia mill men
have agreed not to increase the present prices,
it should be borne in mind that the Northwest
Territories' products are all protected, and a
market is easily found for them in British Columbia. The mill owner pays duty on his machinery and other equipment for his mill and
business. British Columbia, being a large con
-uming Province, and mostly a non-manufactur
ing one. import-- very considerably, and is, therefore. ? heavy contributor to the Federal treasury
in   customs   dues.
In   rgo2,  on   March  20th,   Mr.   M6rrison   dealt
with   this   subject   on   the   floor   of   the   House.
He pressed our claim to consideration,   lie dwelt
,,,,   the   hard-hips   of  this   British   Columbia   in
dnstry   exposed to the duties it had to pay for
all it required and the extraordinary competition
it had to meet from foreign industries with a tariff which gave it no protection as contrasted
with the high tariff of the United States. He
demanded, to use his own word-, "a tariff of Canada  for  Canadians."
On the -'3rd October, 1900. the Conservative
leader read a telegram from British Columbia
asking for a duty on lumber and shingles before
the close of the present session, and he said: "It
seems to me that the situation demands consideration by the Government." What was the
' i' wernment's  reply?
Read  it:
"If lumber 1- being dumped, as u is said, into
Canada from the State of Washington, all I can
say is that it is a very good thing for Canada
that it i- able to get lumber from the State of
Washington   at   reasonable   prices."
This was the jeer of the  Minister of Finance!
Again, on May 4th, 1004, Mr. Aulay Morrison
"drew attention to a very grave State of affairs
which exists in British Columbia in the lumber
industry" .... "the prosperity of British
Columbia depends very largely upon the lumber
trade" .... "the lumber trade in that Province   today   is  in   a  state   of  stagnation."
"Now the danger that i- pressing upon US,
the danger that the conditions as they are at
the present time are very likely to become much
worse, make- it necessary to call attention to this
matter."    ....
Mr. R. C. Macpherson (Burrard), said: "The
Hon. gentleman from West Assiniboia says that
he does not believe that any great amount of
lumber has come from the United States into
the Northwest Tenitories east of Regina, except
over the C. P. R. Lei me tell him that during
the month of March lasl no fewer than 390 cars
of lumber came in from the American side; 267
of them came over the Canadian Northern and
wen- entered for customs at Winnipeg.
"I may say that these 390 cars contained an
average of from 8.000 to 10.000 feet to the car."
"We  are  obliged  to  pay  an average  of  25  per
cent,   on   every   article   that   comes   into   the   Pro
vince  of  British  Columbia."
"I »ne   Province   has   as   much   right  to  live   as
another  Province, and one Province shall not be
sacrificed in the interests of another.    If we pro
tect   them   as   we   do   protect   them,   they   at   the
same time should protect us."    ....
"Our principal industry from which we expect
to reap the greatest benefit, is suffering while
our friends in the Northwest Territories are
getting  rich."    ....
"We ask only a fair field and no favor, and
that should appeal to my Hon. friend. I trust
that the Hon. the Minister of Finance will see
that justice is done to manufacturers oi lumber
in   British  Columbia."	
Hon. W. S. Fielding (Minister of Finance,)
-aid: .... "that their views will receive
all consideration when the matter of the budget
comes to be considered, and that we do not deem
it advisable t" take up the question today." the
budget came t<> he considered later on, but noth
ing was done'
In   the  course   of  a   day   or   so   later   Mr.   Chill    Lugrin, of Victoria,  late editor of the Colo
nist, on behalf of the  Liberal party, essayed to reply  to  Mi   Tupper's manifesto in tin- following
brie!   summary of the  situation:
"Sir Charles' second point refers to the requesl
for a duty on lumber. Reduced to its simple-'
term-, the request is that a duty shall be imposed on lumber so as to preserve the market
of Manitoba and the Northwest Territories for
the output of the British Columbia mills by excluding lumber from the United State-. The
mill men 111 the other Provinces do not ask for
a duty It may be conceded that if a duty were
imposed upon lumber the British Columbia mil!-'
would be benefited thcrehv, and the Liberal representatives of the Province at Ottawa did their
best  to secure it.    It lias not been imposed, and BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
3
the explanation is a very simple une. The manufacture and export of lumber is a very important
industry in every part of Canada, except Manitoba, Prince Edward Island and the Territories,
and, with the possible exception of British Columbia, the business has everywhere adjusted
itself to the provisions of the Fielding tariff.
Before a change is made, which, while benefiting some, may very seriously and prejudicially
affect thousands id others, the greatest consideration is necessary. The Government proposes
a revision of the tariff, after a Commission has
investigated the subject and reported as to what
changes are desirable. If the question of lumber duties is left in abeyance until that Commission has reported, it cannot be truthfully said
that the course is not a wise one. If only one
industrial Establishment or one locality were
affected there might be reason to complain of
delay, but as the matter is one that affects every
part of Canada, it may very properly be left to
be dealt with when the whole question of tariff
revision comes up. 1 think reasonable men will
admit  that this  view of the case is correct.
In connection with Mr. Lugrin's explanation
of the Liberal position in regard to a tariff on
lumber, he has overlooked the fact that the
request for such duty is not now by any means
confined to British Columbia, and that the inroads from American lumber into the Eastern
lumbering provinces has become so serious that
concerted action is being taken by the manufacturers of the East. 'Tis said that "figures never
lie.' then the following are significant in view
of Mr. Lugrin's "greatest good to the greatest
number" argument. The report of the Department of Trade and Commerce for the year ending with the month of June last shows that there
was a decrease in the value of exports of lumber
to the United States of $1,961,037, while for the
same period there was a gain in the imports of
$1,804,837  over  the  year ending June  30th,   1903.
With all due respect to Mr. Lugrin's opinion—
which fortunately is not shared by the Liberal
party except in the Territories and Manitoba—
the importunities of the lumbering interests
throughout Canada will in the very near future
bring about the desired results, as no matter
which side wins in the impending elections, the
necessity of, at least, limited protection of one
of the most important industries in the Dominion
is fully recognized as of imperative necessity.
On the other side id the line, our friends in the
State of Washington are putting up a strong
fight, not against the Government, as might be
inferred from our ease, but against the tyranny
of railroad systems, and as the lumber vote of
that State is no small one, the petition circulated
by the lumber men is not to be overlooked. The
Lumbermen's Association of Washington declares
that the railroads are killing their industry, and
that they have appealed in vain for relief; that
the traffic managers have openly threatened to
advance rates if they do not stop their agitations for rate reduction; and despairing of getting justice they propose to carry the fight into
the Legislature. With this end in view they
have asked every nominee in the state to sign
a  pledge,  of  which  the  following  is  the  climax:
"Having tried all other methods to keep from
going into the hands of a receiver the lumbermen
have decided to make the 40 per cent, rate the
issue of the present campaigns. We have been
informed that the railroads care more about adverse legislation than they do of the business
interests, and we propose to take them at their
word. We want your support in securing this
rate, which we are justly entitled to. and if you
will sign the enclosed pledge, we will do our utmost to secure your election.    It is our intention
to go before the 81,000 voters in the mills and
camps, with the request that they vote for candidates favorable to the lumber interests, because
their bread and butter absolutely depends on the
40 cent rate. If this is not secured 75 per cent.
of the lumber production will have to close, down
until a market is secured.
"If you have tn- welfare of the State at heart
we know you will sign. It is not our intention
to in any way hamper the railroads, believing
that they have been of inestimable service in
building up our Commonwealth; but the prosperity of the State and the lumber industry is
paramount and depends on an equitable and just
rate for our lumber, and this can only be secured
by legislation."
As a further backing against the railroads
it is stated that the lumbermen of the State have
secured the nomination of 35 men from their
own   ranks   for   Legislative  positions.
LARGE SAWMILL FOR FERNIE.
Fernie is soon to have one of the largest and
most up-to-date sawmills in the interior of B.
C, according to the "Fernie Free Press." Yesterday two of the principal directors of the Elk
Lumber and Manufacturing Co. arrived in Fernie and the information we give has been secured
at first hand. They are Mr. O. A. Robertson,
president, and Mr. F. B. Lynch, secretary, both
of St. Paul. The latter gentleman very kindly
submitted to an interview and gave us the facts.
"Yes, we are here to get our new mill under
way." commenced Mr. Lynch. "In fact the initial work has already been going on for some
time. We have with us two mill experts, H. F.
Dittbenner of the Diamond Iron Works of Minneapolis, and O. P. Boynton of Washburn, Wis.,
who are giving us the advantage of their expert
knowledge of up-to-date mills. At the government sale of lots recently we purchased several
acres to give us more room, and we have been
at work getting this cleared for the new mill
site, which is to be located to the south of the
bridge. A good deal of levelling and filling is
to be done on this site, and we expect to commence the building of the mill on November 1st.
The present mill will be dismantled and torn
down  at  once.
The new mill will be 40x220, with 16 foot timbers in basement and 14 foot in the saw floor.
The planing mill will be a separate building,
64x40, with separate engine, etc. The entire mill
will be equipped with the most modern and finest machinery obtainable with all labor-saving
appliances and the plant will have a capacity
of 100.000 feet in to hours or 200,000 feet in 20
hours. The mill will be kept running from 250
to 300 days per year. The yearly cut will aggregate twenty million feet, and the company
will give steady employment to 175 men. The
cost of the plant will, at the least estimate,
amount  to $75,000."
Mr. Lynch upon being interrogated, gave further particulars of the company's big undertaking. They planned to have the new plant
in operation by May 1st next. A spur would
be put in from the Great Northern, and cars for
the C. P. R. route would be transferred by means
of the switch. The entire plant would be lighted by their own system of electric lighting. A
very important feature was that the new building
was" being erected so that another side might
be added at any time, that the capacity might be
doubled. Sufficient power was being provided
for  this  purpose.
As to timber, Mr. Lynch stated that the company   had   10.000  acres,   and   he   did   not   fear   a '
shortage inside of 20 years'  steady cutting.
PRICES  REDUCED.
We are advised that at a recent meeting of the
local branch of the Western Retail Lumber
Dealers' Association, of Edmonton, Alta., a new
list of prices of spruce, poplar and tamarac was
arranged whereby considerable reductions were
made off the list which have been in force for
some time. .       \
xxixxxxxxxxxxxixxxxixxixixxxxxxxxxxxxxxxixxxixxxxxxxxxxxxrxxxxxxxix^
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx1
From our Special Correspondents.
BUSINESS BRISK.
Local Trade in Victoria is Keeping Up Well—
Much Building, and Fair Export
Trade.
Victoria, Oct. 21.—Although to the "melancholy days, the saddest of the year," are approaching, activity in building continues, and
many dwelling houses are being rushed to completion, while contracts are being let for others
which will be put up during the winter. Sawmill men and lumber dealers are congratulating
themselves on the profitable outcome of the season's local business and, while payments in some
instances have been slow, on the whole customers   have   met.   their   obligations   satisfactorily.
The local demand for lumber of all classes
has kept up surprisingly, the number of new
houses going up far exceeding the expectations
held by the most sanguine a few months ago.
The recent fire in the North Ward has had much
to do with this, as those who lost their homes
are building larger and a better class of houses.
The mills generally are still busy supplying
the local trade, while one of the largest is filling its yards with lumber for future delivery and
Eastern orders. Clear spruce lumber is still in
good demand in the East and numerous orders
are being placed with local firms, who expect
to fill them between now and November 1st.
Orders for mill-run cedar have also been received
from Eastern points (having a large proportion
of edged grain cut from cedar bolts to give the
results required.)
The supply of logs as far as this market is
concerned has been quite satisfactory up to the
present, but as the season advances prices will
probably stiffen on account of the increased difficulty in handling owing to stormy weather,
which may be  expected shortly.
Political Tactics.
The issue raised by the Conservatives in the
Dominion election campaign, on the necessity
of protecting the British Columbia lumber industry by the imposition of a duty on United
States lumber, is looked upon as a vital question
by the trade here, so much so that if the Liberals fail to secure a pledge from their leaders
at Ottawa to grant speedy relief they will find
a great majority of the lumbermen voting against
them on  November 3rd.
New Work.
Sherbourne has received the contract for the
C. P. R. freight sheds on the new Belleville Street
dock. Tenders for the offices, waiting rooms,
etc., are invited by the company up to the 25th
inst.
Tenders are called for the building of a hotel
at Oak Bay. The building is estimated to cost
about $13,000, and is intended as the main portion
of a much larger structure which will be built
as business increases. The new hotel will be
under the management of J. A. Virtue, who conducted the Oak Bay hotel, which was burned
some months ago.
Intensive additions and repairs are about to
be made to Spratt's wharf, which is used by the
Quatsino mill for the  handling of their lumber.
STRIKE ENDED.
Building Operations Being Rushed on Account of
Shortness of the Season—Lumber
Stocks Low and Prices High.
x
Toronto, Oct. 18.—There has latterly been increased activity in the demand for lumber, prices
on the commoner grades being firmly maintain- BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
it;
cd, while there has been some cutting of rates
as regards th • better qualities, Dealers are ordering much more freely and in many cases there
are urgent demands for immediate shipment, as
the stocks on hand are light. Present requirements are heavy, as building operations in all
the industrial centres of the Province are active.
With the termination of the strike in the building
trade in Toronto, which was called off about
the middle of September, operations were resumed with a rush, and will be carried on vigorously to the end of the season. New contracts
in large numbers have been let and despite the
interruption caused by the strike the total volume of construction work will be very heavy.
There has been a scarcity of lath, accompanied
by a stiffening in prices. Hardwood for finishing work is also a good deal in requisition. Hemlock board and dimension timber is moving actively.
Restricting Output.
The   cut   in   the  Georgian   Bay   district   will  be
{considerably   less   than   that   of   last   season,   as
[nearly   all   the   large   operators   signify   their   indention of restricting the output in view of pres-
prices,  and the  continued  competition  from
le  United   States.     The   probable   falling  off  is
Itimated by some as  high as 50 per cent.    This
ly be  an  extreme  figure, but  it  is certain  that
ir there  is decided  tendency  to limit  opera-
is.     The   season   has   been  later  in   beginning
usual.     Wages   have   taken   a   decided   fall,
lere are plenty of men to be had for work
|e bush  at from  $_'0 to $28 per  month,  the
rate only being given to exceptionally good
There  is a  disposition  on    the    part    of
Isalers to deal for next year's output, show-
^nfidence in the stability of the market. An
Ised   demand   for   the   American   market   is
for  as  soon   as   the   Presidential   election
ided. and the uncertainty of the  tariff situ-
fhas been dissipated by the  success of the
fblican   party,   which   is   generally  'regarded
Bsured.
ithc
Trade Returns.
leanwhile the trade returns continue unfav-
lble and emphasize the demand for re-adjust-
;nt of the tariff to prevent the unfair compe-
to which the Canadian lumberman is sub-
scted. The report of the Department of Trade
'"and Commerce for the month of June shows a
very slight gain in the total exportation^ of •'unmanufactured wood," which amount to $5,324.-
415 as against $5.313-37^ in June, 1903. while exports to Britain have fallen off from $2,885,322
to $2,500,522; shipments to the United States have
increased from $2,039,885 to $2,508,885. During
the fiscal year terminating June 30th, the total
exports of unmanufactured wood were valued at
$32,990,061 as compared with $36,268,689 in 1903.
Our exports for the year to Britain fell from
$16,707.78310 $14,935,1(11, and to the United States
from $16,897,853 to $14,936,816. Turning to the
other side of the account it is significant that
this decrease of two millions in our exports to
the United States is co-incident with an increase
of rather more than the same amount in importations from that country. Of "lumber and timber, planks, boards, &c," we imported during
the year from across the border to the value of
$6,036,022, as compared with $4,171,185 for the
fiscal year 1903. The feeling that a retaliatory
duty equal in amount to that imposed by the
United States 011 the Canadian product should
be placed upon American lumber has been greatly
intensified by recent trade developments. On
the 3rd inst, an influential deputation representing the Ontario lumbering industry, including
\V. J. Sheppard, of the Georgian Bay Lumber
Co.; C. Beck, of Penetanguishene; George Chew,
and D. L. White, of Midland, waited on Premier
l.aurier at Ottawa and laid the matter fully bd
fore him. Needless to say they received the
usual courteous but absolutely notvcommittal
reply, with assurances of sympathy and full consideration,   etc.     When   every   other   interest   is
regarded as entitled to some measure of projection against unfair competition ii is difficult to
see why so important a mainstay of Canadian
prosperity as the lumber trade should be differently treated.
Retires from Politics.
The retirement of John Charlton from the political arena removes from public life the last
prominent advocate of reciprocity with the
United States. Mr. Charlton was probably the
best known man identified with the lumbering
interest in Canadian pul.tics, lie has represented
the riding of North Norfolk in the Dominion
Parliament for 32 years, being returned by acclamation it the last general election. While a
stalwart Liberal, he was perhaps better known
for his active interest in questions of moral reform and his persistent advocacy of reciprocity
than in connection with orduiary political issues.
The cause of his withdrawal from the representation of the constituency he represented so long
and faithfully was ill-health, owing to which he
was unable to attend to his duties last session.
lie was a unique figure in these days of machine
politicians, owing to hi- venturing to Have convictions of his own outside of the party pro
gram. There are tew of hi- type remaining, the
tendency of modern politics being to eliminate
all men of an independent turn of mind, in favor
of slaves of the caucus and smooth-tongued opportunists  of  l.aurier  or   Borden   order.
Investigating New Reserves.
Thomas Southword, Director of Forestry ami
Colonization, and Dr. Judson Clark, the recently
appointed Provincial Forester, returned this week
to Toronto after a canoe trip of 300 mile- through
the additional area recently annexed to tin1 Tema-
gami forest reserve. This tract lies to the west
ami north of the former limit- of the reserve, a
considerable portion of it being to the north
of the Height of Land. They left civilization and
the C. P. K. at Biscotasing, and accompanied by
four lire rangers travelled northwards to Fort
Mettagami. an old Hudson Bay post, at present
the headquarters of the fire rangers. Thence
they passed Eastward, north of the Height of
Land by way of numerous lake- and river- till
they reached the west branch of the Montreal
River, down which they travelled to Foft Mata-
chewan. They returned via the main stream of
the Montreal river and the Mattawapiki to Pake
Temagami, and thence homeward by the newly
built Temagami & Northern Ontario Railway.
During the trip they learned much a- to forestry
conditions in a portion of the country which is
comparatively little known. They found that
while the tract about the Height of Band had
at one time been covered with an immense pine
forest, large areas had been burned over by lire-
many years ago, the succeeding growth being
more largely spruce and Jack pine than white or
red pine. In some parts at the Height of Band
ami at the head water- of the Montreal River
they found extensive tract- of original white pine,
in good condition. They came across large sections covered with tamarac timber, which was
dead from the ravages of the tamarac saw fly
worm, and was beginning to fall. Only one
party of tourists was met with, but Mr. South-
worth thinks that when the country becomes
known it will prove a great attraction, a- the
canoe route followed is one of the finest in America. The very considerable timber resources
which remain are being carefully safeguarded,
the rangers having extinguished three incipient
fires  this season.
Trade With Japan.
Alexander MacLcan, Canadian commercial
agent for Japan, reporting to the Department of
Trade and Commerce, says that the demand [or
pulp has increased rapidly during the last three
years. The importations during 1003 were valued
at $313,569. The principal exporters to this rnar
ket are Germany, Norway and Sweden, the United
States  and  Great  Britain.     He  thinks  that   Can
ada   should   come   in   for   a   share   of   this   trade
which  is  likely  to  go  on  increasing.
To Increase Its Plant.
The    Imperial    Paper   Co.,   of   Sturgeon    Falls
Ont,   are   likely   to   extend   their   mills   owing   to
the  great   expansion   of  their   business.     At   present  they employ   130 men in  the mills  and 300 in
the bush getting out  pulp wood, and their out
put  of paper is 48 tons  daily.    They  had  recent
ly  to refuse  an order  for  5,000 tons  of  papei
John   Craig,   the   manager,   ha-   gone   to   England
to confer with the directorate there as to inerea-
mg  their  factories.
The Ontario Government is offering nine small
timber berths for -ale by tender. They are situ
ated in the settled townships of Burleigh and
John-on and elsewhere in AJgoma. The area
are SO timbered that it was not thought worth
while to hold a sale. Tenders will be received
up  to   November   15th.
LOGGING ACTIVITY.
Operations Being Resumed With Only Fair Prospects—Heavy Fire Record—Estimated Timber
Supply of the Northwestern States.
Seattle   Wash.,   Oct.   21.     Logging   all   over   the
Sound 1- now gradually being taken up in earnest
since the closing la-t spring. The big companies
resumed operation- .inly reluctantly, as it was
believed that a further -hut down would tend to
strengthen the market and boost the price. But
in view ot the activity of the Weyerhaeuser Syndi
cate and a number of smaller outfits it was deemed
necessary to resume on Sept. 15th. Another point
in   favor  of opening   the  camp-   wa-   the   fact   that
the  supply of logs  had been  cleaned  out  in  Se
attle,   a-   well   a-   111   Tacoma,   and   owing   to   tin-
lack of  water  in   the  rivers  whence   these  mills
Secured    their    supply,    1''KK:uk    adjacent    to    the
Sound would again become profitable.    It is also
noted that a slight advance in the price of logs
in   this   city   ha-   been   effected,   ami   a   more  Ken
eral advance 1-  looked for.
Ravages by Fire.
Million-  of  feet   of  timber  ha-  been   destroyed
tin-   year   in   the   Pacific   Coast   State-;   in   fact   it
would he difficult to estimate the loss at this
time, a- the fire- have not yet completed their
destructive  work.    Timber  owners  in  this  state
and   Oregon   will    urge   State   legislation   at   the
coming session, which to some extent will pre
\ent a repetition of similar disasters as was wit
nessed tin- summer. Forest legislation is to he
an issue, ami a- a number of interests suffer
along with the timber owner-, the hearty cooperation of our legislators 1- expected, Man)
111111 in on favor a closed season, but a- yet no bill
remedying the evil ha- been advanced. In this
State the lumbermen's association ha- taken tin'
initiative,   and    will   pre--    law-   that    will   lessen,
if not entirely do away with the danger,   Some
believe   that   the   loggers   them-elve-   to  some  ex
tint are to blame, and much good  would result
if they  should  deal  intelligently  with  the ques-
tn in.
One of the direct outcomes of the forest fires
this year 1- the slackening of the demand for
timber land-. Pa-tern owners do not care lc'
invest lar^c sums in timber where so much dan
^er from destruction «by fire exist. This comb
tion, of course, ha- tended to lower the puce
of timber claim-, and but very few deals have
been   put   through   of  late.
Timber  Areas.
While speculative buying i- thus of a somewhat
limited nature this year, there are indication- that
a  good  main    Eastern   null   men   will  henceforth
come   to   this   section   in   larger   numbers.
It   If
already  will  known   that   the  great   belts  of tun
ber in  Wisconsin  and  Michigan is fast disappe'i
ing, and  that   the only other large belt  of timber
in the United States and Canada is on the Pacific
Coast.     This  condition  will   force     the    Eastern ^j!SS$k
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
ALEXANDER MACLAREN, President
BUCKINGHAM, QUE.
...THE
North Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd
BARNET,   B.   C.
MANUFACTURERS OF KILN-DRIED
♦
A***
lXtti»V)ia Fir. Spruce ai,<j ft
LUMBER
MOULDINGS,   LATH,   SHINGLES,  ETC.
Mills on Burrard Inlet and Canadian Pacific Railway
^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦tMrHr++*+^
HUGH MCDONALD, President
L. A. LEWIS, General Manager
Brunette Saw Mill Co., Ltd.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
(P. O. Address, SAPPERTON, B. C.)
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■I-*   You need not go elsewhere: we supply all kinds of British Columbia Lumber   $
* *
.$» It pays to order Lumber, Shingles, Mouldings, Laths, Doors, Etc., in *%■
4* mixed carloads, as you can then keep less on hand, and ordering *t
4* in this way you get quicker shipment      4
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* ====== *
|i Saw Mill, Planing Mill, Shingle Mill and Box Factory on 6.F.R. and Fraser River, at Sapperton  i*
* ,,,,,,. ' «,'£
X 4* 4* 4+4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4^ 4* 4*^
Lumber, Shingles, Boxes, Mouldings
SPECIAL ATTENTION TO CAR TRADE (>
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
!
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millman to come out west from now on in order
to secure his timber supply, The State of Ore
gon contains a larger area o| untouched timber
than the State of Washington, chiefly because
the development of the lumber industry has been
slower in that State than this, In addition Oregon contains a vast amount of merchantable oak,
suitable for furniture manufacturing and interior
finish, There is but little oak in this State. An
agent of an Eastern syndicate has figured out
that there is 24,000,000,000 feet of timber in the
Coos County section alone, and 80,000,000,000
feet accessible to the Cm.>s Bay, if a railroad is
built through the country, lie says that on the
Umpqua River there is 33,000,000,000 feet and
on the Siuslaw 15.000.000.000 feet. In Curry
County he found large tracts of black oak that
would make splendid furniture. These trees will
average three cuts of 20 feet each. Eight thousand
acres of this oak timber has been purchased by
San Francisco tanners for its bark, but the owners have since found it too valuable to cut for
its bark, and will utilize it for furniture making.
In Tillamook Bay and its tributary stream- there
is 20,000,000.000 feet, and on the Xehalem, with
its north and south fork included. 25,000,000.000
more. This includes fir, cedar, spruce and hemlock. These figures, according to the syndicate
gent, are conservative, all the timber having
een cruised.
Another   Eastern  millman.   who  is   figuring   on
ing West,  stated that  within  a   few  year-  the
ce of all standing timber would have climbed to
henomenal   value, and he has advised his friends
ecure timber on the  Pacific  Coast.    He  also
d that   the  timber  supply  of  the  South   had
greatly over-estimated, and that at the pres-
ite of consumption the timber supply of the
would   soon   be   a   thing   of   the   past.     In
ear   future   then,   the   world   would   have   to
a large  part of its  supply  of lumber  from
Ecific  Coast.    In  this connection it may be
terest   to  quote  a  news  item  received   from
llilesha,   a   town  located   a  few    miles     from
fjeapolis.     It   states:     "The   Newton   Rafting
Mffks  has  been  in  operation   for  the  last   time.
wllis  announcement  has  just  been   made  by   W.
.^R"Weyerhaeuser, president of the company, and
' af; crew  of   one   hundred   men   are   now   engaged
H&   dismantling   the   great   camp,   which   in   some
Jbasons past   accommodated  the   2.000  river  men
Sh the  employ  of the  company.    The  mar.   who
has  made   the   greatest  fortune  in   timber  in   the
Middle West  is undoubtedly F.  \Y. Weyerhaeuser,  called   the   lumber   king  of   the   world.     His
fortune  is   variously   estimated   at   from   $50,000,-
000  to $75,000,000,  and   is,  of  course,  constantly
increasing.     The   Weyerhaeuser's   arc     transfer-
ing  their   interests   to   the   Pacific   Coast."
The Potlatch Lumber Co., a branch of the
Weyerhaeuser's has purchased the Wm. Ould
sawmill at Colfax, together with 7,040 acres of
timber lands along the Palouse. The purchasers
will take possession May 1st, 1005. The consideration is understood to be in the neighborhood
of $150,000. The timber is paid for at the rate
of $1   per  thousand  feet.
The Shingle Market.
The shingle market is rapidly improving, and
orders are coming in from the Southwest and
some of the Middle West States Millmen have
been offered as high as $1.35 for stars and $r.55
for clears, the general offer being $1.32 to $1.34
for stars, and other grades holding proportionate
figures. Shingles have been strong enough for
some time to stand an advance of at least 2 cents.
In fact market conditions and the relation of
supply and demand seemed to require that the
price be increased. A couple of weeks ago local
shingle dealers sent out a price list quoting
stronger prices. This list was agreed upon by
practically all the firms in the trade, and was
scattered broadcast in' the Middle West to catch
business.
Two shingle dealers formed a combination
and followed the higher price list with a cut-rate
list, which took the field from under the local
wholesalers in the agreement.    The cut-price list
reached yardmen just about the time they received notice from other dealers that the prices
would be raised,
When   news   came   back   that   the   cut   li-t   had
giUU"   "Ut.  big   wholesalers   realized   that   they   had
been hit hard in the fall trade and prepared for
revenge, A combination of some ol the largest
wholesalers in the city sent out a circular letter
to the mills, offering them $1.35 for stars and
quoting other grades proportionately,
The men who -cut out the mil! li-t did not c\
pect to get man\' shingle-, but believed that by
holding the price Up they could make the dealer-
win 1 had cut price- give the mill- a shade move
than the increased profit. If compelled to pay
$1.35 for shingles, the men who issued the cut
list will have to figure pretty elo-ely to show
any  margin  left.
LOOK TO  CANADA.
The 40  Cent Rate.
The Western Pine Shippers' Association, which
include- most of the manufacturing lumbermen
in Eastern Washington, Northern Idaho and
Montana, have refused to unite with the Coast
lumbermen to secure from the railroads a 40 per
cent, rate on lumber from the Coast to Missouri
River points. At a meeting held recently in Spokane the Western pine shippers voted not to
oppose the movement of the Coast men, but at
the same time not to support it. mile-- the differentials are maintained. The present rate on
lumber from the Inland Empire territory to Omaha, Neb., is 45 cents, while the rate from Coast
points is 50 cents. The granting of the 40 cent
rate from the Coast without the present differential being maintained, would wipe out the only
differential the Inland Empire shipper ha- in his
favor against the (.'oast manufacturer.
Shipments from the  Columbia.
Columbia shippers have made a great record
during the mouth of September. Fifteen lumber
cargoes were sent out of the river during the
month. This dors not include 10.000.000 fret
contained in a log raft towed to San Francisco
by the -team-hip L\ggatt. The total shipments,
exclusive of the log raft, domestic and foreign,
amounted  to  11,443,431   feet.
Local Building  Conditions.
Seattle continue- to make records in the building line. Building Inspector Place ha- just made
out his report. His figures amount- to j^j permit- for the month of September, aggregating
a total value of $057,302. The permits for the
pa-t nine months amount to $6,976,958, as against
$6,4Q5,7Xf for the entire twelve month- of last
year. In Spokane the building permit- for the
past nine month- amount to $3,018,401, as against
$2,449,253 for the entire twelve months of last
year. In Tacoma the permits for the pa-t nine
month- amount to $1,450,106 a- against $1,273,-
211 for the corresponding nine months of last
\ear. It will thus be seen that while the increase
m Tacoma is hut small, it is very noticeable in
the Seattle and Spokane figures.
TIMBER OF NORTHERN B. C.
From the surveyors returning from the north
who were employed on the Boundary Survey between Alaska and British Columbia, we learn
that in the valleys adjacent to the Stickine there
i- a growth of spruce and hemlock unequalled
for size and merchantable quality in any other
part of the B. C. coast. One of the striking features of this ,-ection being the immense size of
the trie-, four to six feet being more the rule
than the exception. The timber line is at a much
lower elevation in that part ol the Province, being at an elevation of 2,300 feet above sea level.
Above that is an almost impenetrable forest of
scrub alder. The water supply for'power purposes is practically unlimited, while the Stickine
River itself is navigable to river steamers for a
long distance. For pulp purposes the Stickine
valley adjacent to the International Boundary
offers   exceptional   advantages.
At   the   annual   meeting   of   the   Women's   Agi
cultural   and    Horticultural    International   I'm.
held   at   01    Eaton   Place,   recently,   by   permissin
of  Mr-   Wilton Allhu-en, who presided, a pan
mu forestry was read by C, S. Orwin, Esq., of 1
S.E.   Agricultural   College,  Wye,   Kent.    |u  ;
course ol  hi- address he said:    As with our fi
supply,   the   timber   we   require    far   exceed-   1
home production. The value of imported tunl
i- well above 20 millions nf pounds, so that, loi
mil;   at   the   matter   from   a   purely   business   stau
point,   without   regard   to   the   indirect   value
woodland, such a- their effect on the climate .1   !
their restctic  effect, some effort  should be ma
to  increase  our  woodland  area-,  or  to  render 1
isting ones more productive, It seems reasn
able t" assume that the demand for timber 1- hi ,
U t" increase, Although steel and iron are now
used in many various ways in place of wood, \<t
new industries utilizing fresh produce, and the
new markets tor it are continually being created,
With regard to the supply, it seems doubtful
whether we can keep pace with the demand; indeed. -'>nie "| the best authorities tell US that we
shall -ee a timber famine within tin- next 50 years.
At "ne time there was considerable competition
amongst the various European countries to secure our market- for their surplus timber, with
the result that it came over at a price which did
little more than pay the cost of cutting and
transport. But now other countries are competing with us more and more for this surplus, and
we find even Germany and France with their
great state forests, offering a market for the timber imported from Sweden, Norway and Russia.
We must, therefore, look t" Canada, which contains hundred- of millions of acre- of timber,
chiefly coniferous, annually increasing quantities,
ol which are demanded by Europe and the United
States, and the point i-. can the various exporting agencies keep pace with the demand? Under
existing conditions I fear not. Canada could supply our want- fur all time, provided that her forests were economically managed, which at present, they are ii"t, and provided that we could get
a first claim mu her output. Whether the Canadian government will take any step- to preserve
the forests I cannot say, and whether we can
get a preferential claim on the timber i- a point
for politicians to discuss rather than practical
men.    "Timber Trade- Journal,"  London.  Eng.
MILL WASTE NOT WASTED.
During the visit last month of the Hon. Raymond Prefontaine, Minister of Marine and Fisheries, his attention was called to the large quantity of mill wa-te which gets away from the mills
of Burrard Inlet and False Creek, and this, it is
claimed, i- deadly to fish, as well as a menace to
small craft.    There 1- a law  on the Statute I ks
providing a penalty for the offence of permitting
sawdust or other mill wa-te to enter the waters
of the inlet-. It 1- stated that this Statute will he
rigidly enforced.
Considering the above, the following information relative to a proposed tar factory may he ol
interest. The despatch come- from Bellingham,
Wash:
"Mr   W.  H    Young, of this city, secretary of the
Pacific   American   Tar   Company,   has   announced
that  a  syndicate  of   Vancouver  people  has  deter
mined to erect a plant in that city similar to the
one now in operation, extracting the by-products
of fir.    An agreement has been reached with the
Bellingham   people   whereby   they   are   to   have   a
large  interest  in  the  Vancouver plant  in return
for the privilege of using their process..    Negotiations for the new enterprise have been unci :
way for some months, and the Vancouver gentlemen    interested   have   made    several   Visits
Bellingham to investigate 'he plant of the Pacn
American   Tar   Company        Their     investigations
have been entirely satisfactory, and arrangemen
for  financing the  new  company have been  niau
and a site secured  for tin   plant.    The agreement
call-  lor  the erection   >f   1  plant as large as that BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
now  in  operation  in   Bellingham, and it  is  likely
that a still larger one will be erected."
Investigation among those most vitally interested in such an undertaking has failed to give us
direct confirmation of the report, but, nevertheless, if the. Bellingham concern is the success
claimed for it, there is little doubt but that if
there is any money in it Vancouver null men are
too much alive to their own interests not to take
full advantage of any such proposition.
BY-PRODUCTS.
Profitable   Disposition   of   Mill   Waste   by   the
Distillation of Tar.
The following information regarding the sue-
cess attending the operations of the Pacific American Tar Company, at Bellingham. Wash., is
given by a correspondent to the Mississippi Valley Lumberman, and gives us reason to believe
that the erection of a similar plant in tin- vicinity
would he of pecuniary benefit alike to such a
company undertaking the work ami to the mill
owners.
In the plant of the Pacific American Tar Company, at the foot of Taylor street, in this city
(Bellingham), is being distilled some live cords
per day of what is known as mill waste, i. e.,
the pieces that Usually go to the wood pile or the
Galley fifteen cmfwp cmfwp shrdlu shrdl
burner. Prom this is made the very best quality
of tar. tar oil. pitch, turpentine, pyroligneous acid,
charcoal, gas, etc., and in surprising large quantities.
( )ther plants are being put up in different parts
of the country to do the primary work, the product so made to be sent here for final treatment.
thus opening the greatest opportunity for the profitable clearing of logged-off land possible to imagine, making thousands of acres of land tit for
cultivation.
Thousands of cords of what is now valueless
wood will be turned into a source of revenue, the
burner pile at the sawmill will become a thing
of the past, many a log that is thrown away because of pitch seams will bring full value at the
distillery, and trees too full of pitch for lumber
will find a market; nor are these the only causes
for gratification. In this country is produced
nearly eighty per cent, of the turpentine used in
the world, and as the original source of raw material is nearly exhausted, the opening of a new-
field  will  give  this business a new  impetus.
The thousands of barrels of tar that are imported to this country every year from northern
Europe should be made here and will be in the
near  future.
The preserving of timber from decay is now attracting the attention of large consumers, such as
railroad companies, dock and warehouse companies, shipbuilders, etc. Every known process is
used to lengthen the life of timbers, and any
means that will produce this result adds just
that much to the value of the timber. Creosot-
ing is most commonly used, ami the distilling of
fir wood produces a creosoted tar oil that is unequalled for this use; in fact it is consolidating
the preservative features of the wood and putting
it into shape to use on other wood. This market
is unlimited. Taken all in all. the distilling of
wood in the fir belt of the United States is adding
to the wealth of the nation, the State and the individual, and is an indusry id' great promise.
A WORTHY  COMPETITOR.
The Rainy River Lumber Co., Ltd.. operating
a mill with 500,000 daily capacity at Rainy Lake,
Ontario, is a heavy competitor against British
Columbia for the lumber trade of Manitoba and
the Northwest. The mill commenced operations
early last spring, and have had a season of great
prosperity. The mill is said to be one of the best
equipped on the continent, and is supplied with
the most modem labor saving devices known to
the trade.
The officers of the company are; President,
Thomas II. Shelvin, Minneapolis; vice-president,
W, F. Brooks, Minneapolis; secretary, E. L. Carpenter, Minneapolis; assistant secretary, George
S. Eddy, Minneapolis; treasurer, George S. Parker, Rainy River, Out.; managing director, James
A.  Mathieu, Rainy  River, Out.
NOT TO BE OVERLOOKED.
The Nelson Board id' Trade, at its regular
monthly meeting last month took action upon
the imperative necessity of the Government
adopting measures towards safeguarding the forests of the Province from the devastation ol forest fin The business of the meeting, as reported  by   tin   Nee-        News, is as  follows:
Two letters were read in reference to forest
fires and the remedy for them: one from Leslie
Hill, and one from W. H. Dowsing, secretary of
the ECootenay Tourist Association. Mr. Hill's
letter detailed work done by the writer in various places in connection with forest and prairie
fires recommending action by the board and offering financial aid. The letter from the Tourist
Association contained the text of a resolution
passed which has already been communicated
to the Provincial Secretary and the members for
Nelson and Ymir, recommending the appointment
of lire wardens to prevent a recurrence of the
forest fires of this summer.
An animated discussion took place upon the
first letter, in which Messrs. Campbell, Procter,
Black, Buchan, Taylor and Hannington took
part. Mr. Procter told of several instances in
which a lire warden might have stopped fires at
their very inception. Mr. Campbell suggested
that it was of great importance that fire wardens
should have authority to call out men to prevent
or extinguish fires and also to pay men so called
out. Many instances were cited in which an
available force of men. even a small one, could
have prevented the spread of fires which afterwards  caused   serious  lo.ss.
A motion was offered by S. S. Taylor, seconded
by J. J. Campbell, endorsing the Tourist Association's resolution and adding a suggestion regarding payment id" men called out in such cases.
The resolution was carried unanimously and
copies ordered to be sent to the Provincial Government, to. the lumbermen's association, to all
mining associations, to all railway corporations
and one to Leslie Hill as an answer to his letter.
The recommendation of the Nelson Board is
one that might well be followed up and endorsed
by every similar organization throughout the
Province, as it is only by concerted and persistent
action that any results or relief can be obtained.
CURTAILMENT  NECESSARY.
There will be curtailment in the lumbering operations this fall and winter in the Ottawa region.
The executive of the estate of the late Robert
Hurdman, Ottawa, has decided to discontinue altogether, and the officers of the Hull Lumber
Company contemplate   a  similar move.
FIRE  CLAY  FINDS.
Two large deposits of excellent fire clay are
reported this month, one upon the farm of Mr.
h'. S. Maclure, at Matsqui. near Mission City,
15. C, and the other on Elk River, near Fernie.
It is said that both deposits are of high grade,
and will be opened up in the near future.
The Kamloops Lumber Company is installing
an incinerator and the necessary conveyors at its
Enderby mill.
With the enterprises now going on at Arrowhead there is considerable building going on
at present, several new houses being in course
of erection.
AUSTRALIAN
Hardwoods and Decorative Timbers
THESE HARDWOOD TIMBERS
ARE WORLD-FAMED FOR ....
Railway Ties, Dock Building and Piles.
TURPENTINE PILES ARE TEREDO PROOF
AND LAST FOREVER
Our Iron Woods for Railway Ties
ARE IMPERISHABLE
Australian Decorative Timbers are Unrivalled!
Agent for Canada and Washington :
J. FYFE SMITH,
P. 0. Box 909
VANCOUVER, B. C.
CEMENT WORKS.
Eastern Capitalists Will Spend Over a Quarter
of a Million Dollars in its Erection and
Equipment.
We are indebted to the Victoria Times for the
following information and illustrations relative
to the work ;.nd intentions of the Vancouver-
Portland Cement Co., who are constructing an
Portland cement factory, capable of turning out
1,000 barrels of cement per day. The completion
of this factory will be an important factor in the
future building operations of the West, where
the saving in cost is concerned as against the
imported article.
Unknown to all but a few, works are being
erected on Tod creek, within less than twenty
miles of Victoria, which within a few months'
time will have a most important place in the
commercial  life  of  the whole province.
These are the works of the Vancouver-Portland Cement Company. The building is being
pushed forward with all the expedition possible,
and by Christmas the company expect to be in
a position to begin the manufacture of the finished  product.
There has been a lack of ostentation in connection with the carrying out of this work on
the part of the managing director, R. P. Butch-
art, who has full charge of the operations. The
enterprise is none the less important, however,
on  this   account.
One reason why so little has been known locally about the enterprise is found in the fact
that the stock is all held by residents of the East,
and the plans for carrying out the scheme were
decided upon in Ontario.
The Vancouver-Portland Cement Works are
destined to be an important element in the industrial life of British Columbia may be inferred
when it is known that the investment represents
over a quarter of a million dollars, that the initial yearly output will he over twice as much as
the amount consumed at present throughout the
whole province, and that the machinery to be installed and the raw material available at the
works are capable of producing a Portland cement second to none made in England, Germany;
France or the United States.
For years a lime kiln was operated on the site
of the new cement works. It still stands, an unpretentious structure about fifteen feet square
and twenty feet high alongside of the extensive
buildings now in course of construction, which,
roughly speaking, cover an area of about 300 feet
by 210 feet. The little lime kiln was in one respect the forerunner of the cement factory, the
two constituting one example of the many evolutions which follow in the development of this
country's natural resources.
Although it was not until this spring that it
was fully decided to erect the cement works, the 1 I'
i
. t.
; I: I
<:
•i
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBKRMAN
British (imi tt, iter &
HEAD    OFFICE,    VANCOUVER,    B.    C.
viiaaBOu1 G,ear
I UOG and Rough
CARS
ETHER WITH
es, Lath, Doors
..and Mouldings
We can Load
Mixed Cars
Promptiy
PROMPT SHIPMENT IS OUR SPECIALTY  FOR 1904
Code Used :   AMERICAN LUMBERMAN TEL.ECODE
BRANCHES:
Hastings Saw   Mill,  Vancouver Royal City Saw and Planing Mills, Vancouver
Moodyville Saw Mill, Burrard Inlet Royal City Saw and Planing Mills, New Westminster
►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
THE VICTORIA LUMBER & MANUFACTURING CO., Ltd.
Chemainus,   B.   C.
I
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
Flooring
Siding
Factory Stock
Ceiling
Stepping
x
Base
Casings
Kiln Dried Cedar and Fir   Moilldin§S t
Jambs !
Finish j
Dimension Lumber of all Kinds
Fir and Cedar
►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
9
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
E. H. HEAPS & CO.,
MANUFACTURERS OF
LUMBER
Lath, Shingles, Doors, Mouldings, Etc.
SPECIALTIES:
AAI HIGH GRADE CEDAR SHINGLES
Cedar Bevelled Siding, Cedar Deer and Sash Sleek, cut te site. Cedar Finish, Base, Casing. Newels, Balusters,
Etc.   Douglas Fir Timber up te 85 feet In length.
Cedar Gove Mill, Vancouver, B. 6.
Ruskin Mill, Ruskin, B. 6.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
presence of the proper constituents on Tod creek
lias been known for some time prist.
An attempt was made years ago by the parties
interested, including Mr. Fisher, who had cement works near Vancouver, to interest capital
in the Tod creek deposits. Mr. Butchart, the
managing director of the company now about
to begin manufacture, was approached on the
subject, but he had his attention fully occupied
with similar enterprises in Ontario. He did not,
therefore, take up the proposition for some little
time later. The present works are the result
of his active connection with it.
Mr. Butehart's success in the manufacture of
Portland cement in Ontario augurs well for the
enterprise with which he is identified in this Province. Moreover, the intention to make Victoria
his permanent home is a subject for congratulation to the city and to the Province. Mr. Hutch-
art is very prominently identified with the history of the manufacture of Portland cement in
Ontario, and, therefore, in Canada. Only within
recent years has this become an industry in Canada. Among the first to be established was the
Shallow Lake Works, near Owen Sound, in the
County of Grey. The operating company has
had a very successful history with Mr. Blltch-
art as managing director, a position which Instill occupies. Starting with a small production
the output has from time to time ben increased.
About the factory within twelve or fifteen years
has sprung up a prosperous little village with all
the modern improvements, including permanent
sidewalks.
Later Mr. Butchart and a number of those interested with him in the Shallow Lake property
organized another company and began operations at Lakefield in Peterboro County. Here
similar  success  attended  those  interested.
No better evidence of the business ability of
Mr. Butchart is required than i> found in the
tact  that  most of those who are interested with
him in the enterprise at Tod creek are stock- lias never seen the lime-stone and clay so ad-
holders in the Shallow Lake and Lakefield com- mirably situated relatively for economical manu-
panies. facture.
Before coming to British Columbia the quality Quality of Materials,
of the constituent parts, lime-stone and clay, The qualities of the clay and lime-stone are
which are to be used in the manufacture were acknowledged to be the very best for the pur-
known to Mr. Butchart. He had had samples pose. An analysis of them show that they are
of the deposits analysed, and having $ practical specially adapted for producing a high grade
knowledge of the manufacture of cement, he was of Portland cement, so that the Vancouver brand,
aware of the fact that the highest grade of it the name under which the product will be put
could be produced. Being a practical business on the market, will be such as to compete suc-
man he viewed the situation from every stand- cessfully with the best English or American
point. The great obstacle in the way of begin- brands. Proof of this, is found in the opinion
ning operations was the limited market which expressed on them by eminent manufacturers.
the province offered. He visited the province. Among those to whom samples of the raw ma-
and after fully going into the subject he decided terial were submitted was E. Bravender, general
this spring to begin operations. Work was not manager of the Hudson Portland Cement com-
commenced at the site until during April. It pany, one of the big factories of the United
has been pushed forward, however, as quickly States. Mr. Bravender is recognized as an au-
as possible, and the buildings will within a few thority on the subject, and his opinion is consid-
weeks be completed and ready for the installa- ered of the highest value among those engaged
tion of the machinery, which is already arriving. in  the  business.    The analysis  made  by  him  of
Tod creek is an inlet from  Saanich  Arm.  It is the  clay  and  lime-rock was  as  follows..
about two miles and a half from Keating Station Clay.
on the  Victoria & Sidney railway.    It terminates
in   an   ideal   harbor,   perfectly   land-locked   and .,      .'"   ' ' .'I "*
. , ,      ,      f iinn r     ii Alumina and  Iron    27.5
with   a   depth  of  water  which   will  allow   of   all '**
vessels   mooring   alongside   of     the     company's ,',    c    '. ~
\ I "ILMIt'sl'l ' 1  r3pp
wharf.    This  permits  of  the  shipment by  water - ,  ,   '  ' 	
., ,   . , t    n:*    r      ,i •   i      i Sulphur    20
to  all  markets,  and  every  facility  for  the  hand- ,,  ' . -.-..*  .
,. ,.    . , ,      ., • ,   • ,   , Moisture and Organic Matter     5.75
ling of  the output by this way is being provided B TJ/
. . AlKi'lil     ir«icc
at  the works.
Limerock.
There is also a practically inexhaustible supply _. .
of raw materials used in  the manufacture of ce- \'.1C<1- i"t	
ment.    There are limestone and a certain quality Alumina  and Iron       .40
of clay.    Nature has done its part for the com- Carbonate of Lime   08.10
... ,, Magnesia    trace
pany in an admirable way in more than one par- «,,.»•, t
ticu'lar.    In  no way is it more manifest than  in Sulphuric Acid Trace
the   depositing   of    these     raw    materials.     Mr. Appended to this statement of the analysis Mr.
Butchart says tha't after visiting all the principal Bravender adds the following:    "The raw mater-
Portland cement factories in  England, Germany. ials  are   almost   free  from  magnesia.    The   two
France,   Belgium, United  States and  Canada  he materials properly combined should make a ct-
i I i
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\'
1(1
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
incut as near an ideal Portland cement as is possible to be made, and 1 am confident you will be
able to make a great reputation for the Vancouver brand of cement."
The  brand  i-  to  lie  named   Vancouver,  after
the explorer, who gave his name to this island,
Construction Work.
The construction of the buildings is being carried out under day labor. With a practical know
ledge of the whole working of the business Mr.
Butchart has had charge of the enterprise earned
out directly under his own supervision. Plants
which embodied the result of years of practical
experience were prepared ami in line with them
the construction ha-- proceeded, The foreman
charged with the immediate carrying out ol the
plans ha- been Win. Losee, <<\ tin- city. Since
April a large staff of workers has been kept
steadily employed. The number ha- varied considerably,   but    well   on   toward-    150   have   been
constantly at work.
The Raw Materials.
The wall- of the buildings are substantially
built of quick lime, pulverized rock and gravel.
The ingredients were got close at hand, the lime
kiln   -limited   oil   the   property   wa-   put   in   opera
in.n and thousands of barrels have been utilized
in   the   wall-       Before   all   the   wrk   i-   done    |.ooo
barrels will have Keen consumed in construction
work. The rock wa- found close at hand, being
blasted out for the purpose, and only the fine
gravel had t" he brought in by scow, The wall-
were put up hi' tin- concrete t" a height varying
from    ten    to   twenty    teet.
About ten feet of lattice work i- put m between
the top of the concrete wall- and the roof in the
buildings devoted to manufacture.    Tin- will af
ford   ample   ventilation.
Everything connected with the arrangement of
the work- i- done with the purpose in view of
facilitating the economical handling ><i the product.
The   clay   and   lime rock   deposits   are   situated
wall-. The wall- of tin- building are 29 feet
high at the eaves, the perpendicular height to the
ridge being 51 feet. The concrete wall- extend
up i" ;• heighi ol jo feet. The ingredients are
thoroughly pulverized by passing through tube
null- half idled with fbnt pebbles, which reduce*
and mixes the clay and lime rock perfectly, It
linn passes into the rotary kiln, which will In
70 feet   ill  length   with  a  diameter of  7  feet.     This
kiln 1- lined with nre bricks. Passing through
the entire length '>l tin- tubing the mixture 1-
subjected i" the most intense heat.    Both w I
and   coal   will   likely   be   u-ed  a-   find.     Mr.   Butch
art ha- already a i^auc; at work taking out wood
i.n the property preparatory to wmT beginning
A   heat   of   3,000   degrees   1-   attained   before   tin
mixture   1-  perfected.     During   tin-   heating  the
cemenl 1- calcined by finely ground coal dust be
ing blown into it.    The coal dust  explode-, and
the union 1- made complete.    The product leaves
the kiln at a white heat 111 the form of hard clink
el'-.
GENERAL  VIEW OF  THE CEMENT WORKS,  SHOWING  BUILDINGS
The Wharf.
A wharf equipped in every way to -nit the
purposes for which it will be u-ed was among
the first work- completed. It extend- for a di-
tance of about thirty-five feet into the water
of this ideal harbor. At that distance out a
depth of about thirty-five feet of water i- attained, It is a substantial structure of ample width.
A line of railway of standard gauge, with parallel switches on either side make three lines of
track along the length of the wharf. It i- fitted
with a lift to allow of an incline adapting itself
to the level of the car carrying barge. In this
way loaded car- of material may be transferred
(o the work-, and in turn the cement may be
placed directly in the cars inside the work- and
conveyed by a short line of rail to the barges,
which will deliver it by carload lot- to any point
capable of being reached by water and rail. When
completed, machinery will be installed in the engine room to load and unload the cars by means
of cable lines.
much higher than the works, The two ingredients be alongside one another so that the same
tramway may be utilized in conveying them to
the factory. \t the commencement a face of
about sixty feet each of rock and of clay will be
available. Only a few hundred feet from the
face the material- will be dumped into a drying
room, which i- yet to be built. Tin- will be 56
feet   by 30 -teet.
1 he (linker- then pa-- through a rotary cooler
60 teet long, where by means of cold blasts it
is made to ha\c the cylinder in a cold state,
The Mill Room.
1 he cement then goes to the mill room, which
is  separated   from   the   rotary  kiln   building only
hy  pillars.    Tin-  room   1- So  feet   by  "S feet, and
provides a clear ground space for the installation
\fter being dried the material- will be crushed "' the mac,linery- I" this room the clmker cement passes through ball nulls and tube mill-.
where  by   rotating  m  cylinders  with  hard  steel
t" a tine powder, and after being scientifically
te-ted by sample- in the laboratory are mixed
together  in   the   proper   proportions.
The   Rotary   Kiln  Building.
They then pa-- through the machinery of the
rotary kiln building. This i.- the largest structure of the group. It is [68 feet by do feet, that
entire -pace being free from all pillar- of any
kind. The roof as in all other parts i- supported
by heavy trusses, which have been framed and
braved by using heavy timber and iron rods, and
then   elevated   to  their   place  on   the   tops  of   the
ball- resembling cannon balls the cement is
reduced to a fine powder. It i.- then the finished
product  and  ready   for  use.
Stock and Store Rooms.
1 he cement 1- conveyed from the mill room
to the stock room, which 1- t28 feet by 60 feet,
and 1- right alongside of it. Bin- are provided
here for storage purposes, The capacity of it
is  25,000 barrel-,   which   is  over  half  the  quantity
used in the entire province of British Columbia
last  year. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
11
The Rat Portage Lumber Go'y, Limited
TELEPHONE  NO. 354
VANCOUVER BRANCH
MANUFACTURERS OF
P. O.  BOX 778
FIR, CEDAR AND SPRUCE
Building Material of all Kinds Delivered Promptly.    Hardwood in Car Lots.
MILL AND OFFICE8:
SOUTH GRANVILLE STREET BRIDGE
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Thomas Kirkpatrick
MANUFAOTURER OF
RED CEDAR
-SHINGLES-
Daily Capacity, 250,000
Head Office and Mill, HASTINGS, B. C,
Orders Solicited and Correspondence
Promptly Attended to
Telephone B 1425
"SHAY" Locomotive
Manufactured by LIMA LOCOMOTIVE & MACHINE CO.
Specially  designed for HEAVY  GRADES and SHARP
CURVES, in railroad, logging and mining operations.    This Company also manufacture
Direct-Gonnected Locomotives, Steel Dump Cars,
Gray Iron Castings, Etc.
Locomotives, Second-Hand   all kinds
Logging Truck., Rails, Track Material
Iron and Steel-all shapes and kinds
Machinery.   Pig Iron.   Cast Iron Pipe.
Eye Beams, Channels, Structural Steel,
all shapes, Plates, Etc.
RAILS
NEW AND RELAYING
W. D. HOFIUS & GO.
OFFICES
72-74 Dexter Horton Building,
512 Chamber of Commerce,
SEATTLE, WASH.
PORTLAND, ORE.
The Menz Lumber Co.
26 Merchants Bank Building, WINNIPEG, MAN.
MANUFACTURERS AND WHOLESALERS
British Columbia Red Cedar Shingles S^"u5?«uS
Unlimited Capacity for filling orders promptly for all kinds of Lumber, including Hardwoods and Maple flooring
Write us for Special Quotations whenever in the Market 12
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
Tn the storage room machinery is to be installed which will do away with considerable
handling.
An automatic weigher, which dumps as the
proper weight is attained] is one of these. This
is in use at the Shallow Lake and Lakefield
works, and has proved a great convenience.
Moreover, it is the invention of Mr. Vincent, an
employee of the company, and who is a draughtsman at the Tod creek works.
The Power Room.
In addition to these buildings there is a boiler
and engine room adjoining where the power is
generated. A coal house 80 feet by 52 feet also
is under construction alongside. There is u-ed
about the works a very considerable amount of
coal. This is used as a finely ground dust, and
the company will purchase the dust at all the
collieries for their use. It is the intention to
procure a barge which will carry about 2,000 tons.
Employees' Houses.
In providing for the accommodation ol the
the employees it is the intention ol Mr. Butch
art tn erect homes on the company's ground.
IK' will seek t" have as many married men as
possible "it tlii' permanent staff, ami these homes
will In.' provided for them.
The Village.
At the start about fifty men will find steady
employment. Of this number about half will be
unskilled labor, and Chinamen will probably nil
the places., The remainder will be skilled me
chanics, These will form a little village, and
will be provided with every convenience in the
was'  of water, etc,
A well macadamized roadway has been put
through the property leading up to the factory,
Fronting this and between it ami the waters of
the harbor the homes for the employees will be
erected. When the capacity of the null increases
with the development of the Province, and when
gang is clearing .the place preparatory to puttini
in a reservoir    and    conveying it  to the plai
where required.
At Si "ike, water power has been acquired 1
the generating of electricity. There has bei
j,000 horse power acquired, ami later tl
will be transmitted to the works to be utili
for power ami lighting. The distance from \
fsooke station to Tod Creek will be about
nub's.
The Management.
As   previously   mentioned,   the  direct   man
ineiit of the affairs of the company will be in 1
hands of R   I'. Butchart, the Managing Direc
who intends making    Victoria    his   home.    1
President  of  the  company  is   E.  R.  Woods, wli 1
as a director ol the Grand   Trunk Pacific, was    ,
the  city   a   few   weeks   ago,  and   who   then   vis;:    |
the works at Tod Creek.
When operations are ready to begin, probahl)
about Christmas of this year, an office will lik' v
be   opened   ill   Victoria   tor   the   transaction   of   the
1
VIEW OF CEMENT WORKS  AT TOD CREEK. SHOWING PART OF  WHARF   AND THREE  LINES OF  RAILS  LAID
AND  BUILDINGS   IN COURSE  OF CONSTRUCTION
i
II:
•e
M   1
II
I
II
■y
1"
This will also be used as a storage room for it.
It will be moored alongside the embankment,
which is only a short distance from the buildings, and a conveyer will carry it to the portion
of the works where it may be required.
The roofing of all the buildings is of mal-
thoid, which is a waterproof preparation.. It is
put on over the ordinary planked lumber sheeting.
The concrete walls will be plastered inside and
outside with a cement covering, giving a smooth
surface.
The Offices.
In addition to these main buildings the company will require to put up a number of smaller
structures on the property. This will include an
office and laboratory, and quarters for the employees. In the laboratory a chemist is kept constantly employed analyzing the ingredients in
order that the proportions may be scientifically
correct, and thus produce the very best grade id
cement.
instead ol the initial output of 300 barrels a day,
there is being daily manufactured 1.000 barrel-,
the full capacity of the present works, a very important town will be located about the Vancou-
ver-I'ortland Cement Works. The supplies for
the factory must be provided from Victoria, so
that the works will have almost the same effect
upon Uie commercial life of this city as if they
were located right in the boundaries of tin.  place.
The Water Supply.
The company has acquired 400 acres of land
in the neighborhood of Tod creek. Up the
stream, which flows into the harbor from Prospect lake, a dam has been built, and a line brings
the water to within about 1,600 feet of the build
ings. By pipes it is brought the remainder of the
way, and a never failing supply of water for use
in the mills and for lire protection is afforded.
At the works there is a head of too feet by this
supply. for drinking and culinary purposes a
spring will be used, which is only a short distance
away   and  situated   on   the   company's   land.     A
regular   business,   communication    being    mam
tained with the works by telephone.   When that
1- done  Mr. Ross, the Treasurer of the corpora
lion, who 1- now at Tod Creek, will likely take up
his residence in the city also, and take oversight
over the business, Mr. Ross is a young man. but
has had a wide experience in business in Toronto
before  being  asigned  his  present  position.
The  Market.
In view of the fact that only about 47-0011
barrels of Portland cement were Used in the
whole Province last year, it is but natural to ask
what the inducement for the establishment ol
these works has been. The yearly production 'it
the rate of from 250 to 300 barrels a day, at which
operations will begin, would more than double
the Provincial demand of last year. It is quite
apparent that the new company, composed
practical business men of the P.ast, realize that
British Columbia will make rapid strides within
the next few years. They have every confidence
in the promise of the future.    In keeping with this
II, I BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
13
faith they have established works not to meet
the present demand, but to provide for the rapid
enlargement of the cement market. They have
not gone about it as an experiment, but have
established the factory on the most substantial
basis, making adequate provision for the fullest
extension of the trade. When the electric plant
is installed the investment will represent, it is
said, at  least $.}00,ooo.
The company will make a strong bid for the
trade of British Columbia. In order to do so
they are equipping the works with machinery
which, with the perfect constituents in the way
of raw material, will produce cement unexcelled
by anything that can be imported. It is realized
that this Province will form the main basis of the
market. The opening of the northern part by,the
construction of the Grand Trunk Pacific will
increase the demand and the announcement that
that road was to be built played an important
part in the decision of the company to begin
operations here at this time. The Northwest is
also looked to as a profitable field with which
trade can be built up.
The use of cement is an ever increasing one,
and from year to year a greater quantity is used
over that of preceding years. With fin abundant
supply of high-grade Portland cement being
manufactured here, other industries allied to it
will spring up, and works will be undertaken
which otherwise would not be inaugurated.
Auxiliary Enterprises.
Already an example of this is found in the fact
that the company which controls the rights for
Canada for the manufacture of litholite have expressed a readiness to begin operations in Victoria. Litholite is the product of a process by
means of which artificial stone is made with
cement and sand as the basis. The stone is
moulded  in  any  shape  or  design  and  the  blocks
are made hollow or solid. Any variety of stone
can he imitated in color or texture, and the artificial article possesses in addition many advantages over the natural stone. It has been found
to resist the effects of fire and water during a
conflagration better than any other material.
No crumbling results, and there is no steel
frames to war]) out of shape. Already litholite
is being extensively used in Chicago, where a
large works turns it out. In the Northwest Territory this material, it is already believed, will
become particularly popular, and litholite will
likely to be extensively manufactured there, the
buildings using it presenting an imposing and
massive   appearance.
Already the machinery is arriving at the works
of the Vancouver-Portland Cement Company.
Nine carloads from the Hast were towed in on
the barge Transfer about the end of last month
and were run onto the switches on the company's
wharf. This being unloaded, and immediately
the roofs are finished and the preparations are
made inside the buildings the equipment will
be installed. More cars of machinery are on the
way to the works.
Immense quantities of brick and timber* are
being towed around from Victoria to Tod creek
also. Located in a sequestered place, hidden
from view on every side by rising ground, and
only seen when the visitor is practically alongside of the works, one of the most important
industries connected with Victoria is being hurried to completion. The promoters have shown
commendable faith in the Province by locating
here. The management realizes that even with
a perfect cement and the additional inducement
for its use from the fact that it is of home manufacture, that the price of the product will have
to be kept down to a close margin above the
cost of production. This they are prepared to
do, and Portland cement will, therefore, in all
probability be cheaper next year than it has been
in the past. This in itself will have a stimulating  effect  in  connection  with  building.
Pacific Coast Pipe Co., Ld.
1551 GRANVILLE STREET
VANCOUVER,    •    B. C.
P. 0 Box 563
Telephone 1494
Manufacturers of
Machine Banded
Wire Wound
Wooden Stave
Water Pipe
For City and Town Water Systems, Fire
Protection, Power Plants, Hydraulic Mining, Irrigation, Etc.
ONE-HALF THE COST OF
IRON PIPE AND BETTER.
WRITE    F"OR    CATALOGUE
BUILDING BOOM IN WINNIPEG.
A statement giving the building operations of
the principal cities of the continent shows that
Winnipeg leads them all, exceeding even New
York in the aggregate value of permits issued
by over $8,000,000.
MARINE AND STATIONARY
Engines and Boilers
Ships, Yachts
... and Tugs
We manufact ure
Marine Boilers of all
kinds as well as Horizontal Boilers as shown
in cut.
Our Marine and
Stationary Engines are
decidedly highest grade
and our Ships, Yachts
and Tugs have everywhere given the utmost
satisfaction.
We know we can
give you first-class
work and solicit a
chance to quote you.
THE BERTRAM ENGINE WORKS CO., Ltd.
TORONTO,
ONTARIO,    -   -    OANADA 14
BRITISH   COLUMBIA  LUMBERMAN
i
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i   '
|!
\ '':•
I!
I
J. A. CUNNINGHAM
M. R. WORTH
WESTERN OIL & SUPPLY CO.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
MANUFACTURERS   AND   REFINERS  OF
Lubricating Oils and Creases
.. c. muw «a t„ GRATON & KNICHT MANUFACTURING CO.
Worcester, Mass.
The only Waterproof  Leather   Belt that
IS Wuterproof.    Laps will not come apart
"Heart," Extra Heavy
" Crescent," Regular Weight
"Neptune," Waterproof
Special Planer," also Waterproof
liC,
Any one of the above, if adapted to work required, is
THE MOST ECONOMICAL BELT ON EARTH
LEATHER
BOWERS RUBBER CO., San Francisco, Cal.
"OWL" BELT, adapted tor Planers, Dynamos, Blowers and Shingle Machines.
"LIVE OAK" BELT, main drive and heavy work. "RELIANCE" BELT general Saw Mill Machinery.
ALL OF  THE   ABOVE   FULLY  WARRANTED.
SPFf IAITIFS ' "HUXLEY VALVES"   the best and cheapest on the market, Blacksmith Coal, Babbit Metals,
Ol Ll/lttLIILO ■ Leather and Rubbcr Be|tjng? ster|ing Emery w||ec|Sj stack pajnt^ Uce Lcatncr? M||| and nre
Hose, Asbestos Coverings 	
^*&r^<r^a&»*-P
BEFORE ORDERING SECURE OUR PRICES.
CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED
ARROWHEAD
LUMBER
COMPANY, Ltd
ARROWHEAD, B. C.
MANUFACTURERS OF FINEST GRADES OF
Flooring,      Ceiling,
Finish,
Siding,
Ship Lap and
all kinds of
Cedar, Pine, Fir, Spruce and Hemlock Products
GANG SAWED LUMBER A SPECIALTY
III BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
15
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trxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxicxxxxxl
I). V.  Mutt and sun, late1 millmen of  fernie,
arc after a telephone franchise for that town.
The Ladysmith Lumber Company, of Lady-
smith, B, C, are installing a 40-light electric
plant in their mill.
K. C. Koch, of Ten Mile, Slocan Lake, has
already delivered 175,000 feet of lumber at Rose-
bery for the zinc plant now under construction
at that point.
The steamer Nell, owned by the Georgetown
Lumber Company, of Port Simpson, together with
a large quantity of timber, and the wharves, were
destroyed by lire on the 14th. The loss is estimated at about $25,000.
turning out 1.200 ties per day. The company are
notified that the C. 1'. R. has agreed to put in a siding at Crow's Nest, which, when placed will be
a great convenience.
The installation of the new sawmill by the
Mull River Mining Co., near Fort Steele, is progressing apaee, and in the meantime the company is laying in a stock of logs some 200,-
000 feet being delivered in the yards. The capacity  will be about  20,000 feet a day.
The Kamloops Lumber Co. have installed an
electric light plant in their mill at Enderby, and
the planers are now being run over time. It
is tlie intention of the manager, Mr. McCormack,
to extend the system to the company's office
and boarding house. The poles are already erected.
The Bull River Mining Co., of South East
Kootenay, proposes to install a generating plant
with a capacity of 10,000 horse power.   Two miles
comprising the fractional northwest quarter of
Section 28, Township 19, east of the Coast Meridian, containing an area of 136 acres, more or
less. Tender is to be placed with the Secretary
of tlie Timber and Mines Department, by November  211(1.
The various mining companies in Kootenay
are heavy users of lumber products. A shipment
of 20,000 feet is reported for use at the Molly
Gibson mine, and a similar amount for the Ottawa, in the Nelson mining division, while a
barge load was sent from the Kootenay River
Lumber Company's mill at Nelson to Kaslo for
use in the Kootenay Ore Company's extensive
works at the latter place.
The sad death of Mr. J. S. Kerr, of Barnet,
B, C, a traveller in the Territories for the North
Pacific Lumber Company, from drowning, was
reported on September 26th, Mr. Kerr had been
ill at the Windsor hotel with typhoid fever. He
had   been  delirious  during   the  day   and   late   in
r^
PUTTING THE TRUSSES  IMPOSITION WHICH CARRY THE ROOF ON THE ROTARY KILN BUILDING
AT THE CEMENT WORKS
Fred Hamilton, an employee of the mill at
Ryan, near Cranbrook, had the misfortu.ne to
lose one of his feet by being thrown against the
saw  a few days ago.
Wardrop Bros., of Sparwood have under consideration the enlargement of their mill, and may
take in Winnipeg capital to carry on the contemplated improvement s.
The Rothesay Company's mill at Mara, M.
C, has now completed its cut for the season;
the cut amounts to 750,000 feet. The company
has erected a new boarding house for the mill
hands.
Several tons of provisions and supplies -have
been forwarded to the logging camps of the
Revelstoke Lumber Company. <>n the Mig Mend of
the Columbia River, where three camps will be
in operation during the winter.
Wardrop Bros, and Nelson, of Sparwood, have
got   their new mill  in  running shape,    and    are
of a flume will be built to make the water of Bull
creek available. This power will be at the disposal of companies operating within the neighborhood.
Information is to hand to the effect that the
mill of the Outario-Slocan Lumber Co., Ltd..
will be greatly increased in capacity by the addition of an up-to-date lumber mill. The recent
meeting of stockholders passed a resolution authorizing the extension. It is the intention to
have everything in readiness by next spring.
The Royal Lumber Company, notice of the incorporation of which appears elsewhere, is the
name given what has hitherto been known as the
McGoldrick Syndicate, who contemplate extensive milling operations in the Nelson district.
The principal shareholders are J. P. McGoldrick.
T. A. hammers, Lammers Bros., and the Eastside
Lumber Company, of Stillwater. Minn.
The Dominion  Government is asking for tenders for a license to cut timber on Berth No. 405,
the afternoon, while his nurse was absent from
his room looking after another patient, Kerr
dressed himself and making his way to the Re-
gina reservoir a mile from the hotel, jumped in.
The British ship Olivcbank. of Glasgow, sailed
for Cape Town on the 24th ulto., from Chc-
mainus, taking 2,517.000 feet of lumber, the largest cargo ever loaded at the Victoria Lumber
& Manufacturing Company's mill. This the Victoria & Vancouver Stevedoring Company handled through one hatch in 22 lay-days, a daily
average of 114,000 feet, the record on the coast
for this kind of work. While it is said to be
the largest amount of lumber carried in a sailing
vessel   from   British   Columbia.
Operations at the sawmill of the Moyie Lumber and Milling Company were never carried
on more successfully than at the present time,
says the Moyie Leader. Manager H. Cameron
has every branch of the business under perfect
control and is proving himself to be the right
man for the position which he holds.    This mill '
■■
b
I :   :
is
1 U. 1  1;
i!
(1
! ' I
14
BRITISH  COLUMBIA  LUMBERMAN
J. A. CUNNINGHAM
M. R. WORTH
WESTERN OIL & SUPPLY GO.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
MANUFACTURERS   AND   REFINERS OF
Lubricating Oils and Creases
b. c. selling u.,t. f.r CRATON & KNIGHT MANUFACTURING CO.
Worcester, Mass.
1    -   «t
The only Waterproof  Leather   Belt that
IS Wuterproof.   Laps will not come apart
"Heart," Extra Heavy
" Crescent," Regular Weight
"Neptune," Waterproof
"Special Planer," also Waterproof
Any one of the above, if adapted to work required, is
THE MOST ECONOMICAL BELT ON EARTH
LEATHER
BOWERS RUBBER CO., San Francisco, Cal.
"OWL" BELT, adapted tor Planers, Dynamos, Blowers and Shingle Machines.
"LIVE OAK" BELT, main drive and heavy work. "RELIANCE" BELT general Saw Mill Machinery.
ALL OF  THE  ABOVE  FULLY  WARRANTED.
SPFf IAITIFS ' "HUXLEY VALVES"   the best and cheapest on the market, Blacksmith Coal, Babbit Metals,
Ol Ll/lttHILO ■ Uatncr and RubDcr Bc|t|ng> stcrljng Emefy whec|8> stack paint^ Lace Lcatncr^ Mj|| and fjre
S^g*ar>n?a&*-P    Hose, Asbestos Coverings
• • ■ •
BEFORE ORDERING SECURE OUR PRICES.
CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED
ARROWHEAD
LUMBER
COMPANY, Ltd
ARROWHEAD, B. C.
MANUFACTURERS OF FINEST GRADES OF
Flooring,      Ceiling,
Siding,
Finish,
Ohip   LSip and all kinds of
Cedar, Pine, Fir, Spruce and Hemlock Products
GANG SAWED LUMBER A SPECIALTY l' ,^^M^-fc
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
15
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D.  V.  Mott  and  son. late millmen of Fernie,
are after a telephone franchise for that town.
The Ladysmith Lumber Company, of Lady-
smith, B. C, arc installing a 40-li^ht electric
plant in their mill.
E. C. Koch, of Ten Mile, Slocan Lake, has
already delivered 175,000 feet of lumber at Rose-
bery for the zinc plant now under construction
at that point.
The steamer Nell, owned by the Georgetown
Lumber Company, of Port Simpson, together with
a large quantity of timber, and the wharves, were
destroyed by lire on the 14th. The loss is estimated at about $25,000.
turning out 1,200 ties per day. The company are
notified that the C. P. R. has agreed to put in a siding at Crow's Nest, which, when placed will be
a   great  convenience.
The installation of the new sawmill by the
Hull River Mining Co., near Fort Steele, is progressing apace, and in the meantime the company is laying in a stock of logs—sonic 200,-
000 feet being delivered in the yards. The capacity  will be about  20,000 feet a day.
The Kamloops Lumber Co. have installed an
electric light plant in their mill at Enderby, and
the planers are now being run over time. It
is the intention of the manager, Mr. McCormack,
to extend the system to the company's office
and boarding house. The poles are already erected.
The Bull River Mining Co., of South Last
Kootenay, proposes to install a generating plant
with a capacity of 10,000 horse power.   Two miles
comprising the fractional northwest quarter of
Section 28, Township 19, cast of the Coast Meridian, containing an area of 136 acres, more or
less. Tender is to he placed with the Secretary
of the Timber and Mines Department, by November  211(1.
The various mining companies in Kootenay
arc heavy users of lumber products. A shipment
of 20,000 feet is reported for use at the Molly
Gibson mine, and a similar amount for the Ottawa, in the Nelson mining division, while a
barge load was sent from the Kootenay River
Lumber Company's mill at Nelson to Kaslo for
use in the Kootenay Ore Company's extensive
works at the latter place.
The sad death of Mr. J. S. Kerr, of Barnet,
B. C. a traveller in the Territories for the North
Pacific Lumber Company, from drowning, was
reported on Septemher 26th, Mr. Kerr had been
ill at the Windsor hotel with typhoid fever. He
had  been   delirious  during  the   day  and   late  in
5T
PUTTING THE TRUSSES IMPOSITION WHICH CARRY THE ROOF ON THE ROTARY KILN BUILDING
AT THE CEMENT WORKS
Fred Hamilton, an employee of the mill at
Ryan, near Cranbrook, had the misfortune to
lose one of his feet by being thrown against the
saw  a  few  days  ago.
Wardrop Bros., of Sparwood have under consideration the enlargement of their mill, and may
lake in Winnipeg capital to carry on the contemplated improvements.
The Rothesay Company's mill at Mara, B.
(.'., has now completed its cut for the season;
the cut amounts to 750,000 feet. The company
has erected a new boarding house for the mill
hands.
Several tons of provisions and supplies have
been forwarded to the logging camps of the
Revelstoke Lumber Company, on the Big Bend of
the Columbia River, where three camps will be
in operation during the winter.
Wardrop Bros, and Nelson, of Sparwood, have
got  their  new  mill  in  running  shape,    and    are
of a Hume will be built to make the water of Bull
creek available. This power will be at the disposal of companies operating within the neighborhood.
Information is to hand to the effect that the
mill of the ()ntario-Slocan Lumber Co., Ltd.,
will be greatly increased in capacity by the addition of an up-to-date lumber mill. The recent
meeting of stockholders passed a resolution authorizing the extension. It is the intention to
have everything in readiness by next spring.
The Royal Lumber Company, notice of the incorporation of which appears elsewhere, is the
name Riven what has hitherto been known as the
McGoldrick Syndicate, who contemplate extensive milling operations in the Nelson district.
The principal shareholders are J. P. McGoldrick,
T. A. Lammers, Lammers Bros., and the Lastside
Lumber Company, of Stillwater. Minn.
The  Dominion  Government  is  asking  for  tenders for a license to cut timber on Berth No. 405,
the afternoon, while his nurse was absent from
his room looking after another patient, Kerr
dressed himself and making his way to the Re-
gina reservoir a mile  from the hotel, jumped in.
The British ship Olivebank, of Glasgow, sailed
for Cape Town on the 24th ulto., from Chc-
mainus, taking 2,517,000 feet of lumber, the largest cargo ever loaded at the Victoria Lumber
& Manufacturing Company's mill. This the Victoria & Vancouver Stevedoring Company handled through one hatch in 22 lay-days, a daily
average of 114,000 feet, the record on the coast
for this kind of work. While it is said to be
the largest amount of lumber carried in a sailing
vessel   from   British   Columbia.
Operations at the sawmill of the Moyie Lumber and Milling Company were never carried
on more successfully than at the present time,
says the Moyie Leader. Manager H. Cameron
has every branch of the business under perfect
control and is proving himself to be the right
man for the position which he holds.    This mill 16
BRITISH  COLUMBIA   LUMBERMAN
in
• i
is turning out from 48.000 to 55,000 feet of lumber every day and has nearly 5,000,000 feet of
lumber piled in the yards. Steady shipments
are being made, and about 40,000 feet of lumber
leaves the mill every day for points in the Northwest Territories  and   Manitoba.
The affairs of the Canadian Timber & Sawmills. Ltd.. of Trout Lake, have reached a satisfactory settlement. A local directorate has
been nominated and the local affairs of the company will be under the management of Mr. Win.
Cowan, a man of tried business experience; being, moreover, heavily interested in the company
as a shareholder. It is expected that the affairs
of the old company will be satisfactorily adjusted
in a very short time, and that the mill will be-
in active operation in the course of a few days.
The head office will be at Revelstoke, where
there will be three directors to manage this end
the business,  and  there  will be  two  directors
London.
vlr. J. llanbury, of Brandon, Man., has a pro-
ition on foot, which, if carried out, will be of
lense benefit to the smaller mill owners in
theast Kootenay. Mr. llanbury is one of the
stock holders of the North Star Lumber
)any. He has purchased a site at Elko, on
row's Nest line, where he proposes to erect
jto-date planing mill, with a large dry kiln
Ifcher modern accessories. His plan is to
product of the smaller mills in the rough.
I they escape entirely the expense of finish-
Hie insurance, the interest paid, and the
Be of a man on the road to sell one or two
6tl feet of lumber. This lumber will be
direct from the saw to Mr. Hanbury's
"at h'.lko and at the end of each month the
fc'wner gets his money.
lowing   the   concessions   allowed   Mr.   S.   C.
Rh by the Vernon   Municipal  Council  in con-
ftion   with   extensive   additions   and   improve-
Jmts  proposed,   the   Vernon   News   thus  reports
■};ihe work:    "The extension-, and improvements of
Ep. C. Smith's sash and door factory are just about
Complete and the increased facilities now provided
nil add  very greatly  to the producing capacity
^of the  factory.    The    main    building  has    been
greatly  enlarged   and   several   new   machines,   including   a   12-inch   sticker,   a   large   three-drum
sander. and a  P.  X. variable self-feeding rip-saw.
a chain mortiser, etc., all  the latest  and newest
improved    types,    have    been    installed.      Every
change has been  in  the direction  of saving  time
and labor, and the whole establishment has been
planned with these ends in view. A dry kiln, 20x40
has also been built and equipped with the most
modern   appliances;   an   electric   light   plant   has
been installed.."
UNIQUE ADVERTISING.
A Novel Method of Advertising American Products Abroad.
A plan is on foot and will probably be carried
to conclusion, says the Mississippi Valley Lumberman, to make up a floating exposition of American products and take it to the Orient as a bid
for the trade of the countries across the Pacific.
One of the largest vessels on the Pacific Coast
will be devoted to the purpose. The lower decks
of the vessel, ordinarily used for second and third-
class passengers, are to be arranged in a convenient manner for the exhibits. Space will be sold
at a moderate price to those who desire to advertise their Roods in the ports that will be visited. The exposition ship will sail from Seattle
about the middle of November and visit Yokohama, Kobe, Nagasaki, Shanghai, Hong Kong,
Manila, Singapore. Colombo, Mauritius, Delagoa
Bay Cape Town, Adelaide, Melbourne, Sidney,
Honolulu, and on the return trip, Santiago, Valparaiso and Callao. At each of these ports it
will remain from two to ten days, and the merchants of these places will be permitted to visit
it free of charge.
£Xzzx::zxxxxxzxxzxxxzzv.zzzxxxxxxxxxzzzzzzzzzzzzxzzzzzzzzzzxxxxxxxxxK
s Ucu\cou^er (X U"  "   J
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THE...
1 he t    P. R, is calling [or tenders [or tlie erection of sheds and offices on  the new  wharf at
Victoria. 	
to"^ i LUMBERMEN'S
SUPPLY CO.
Messrs, Pendrill & McKay are operating the mill
lately under lease to the B. C. Box Co., Ltd. and
Mr. J. D. Sinclair.
LIMITED
122 Wellington Street, West
10R0NT0, ON"
Mr. C. 11. Lindmark, manager of the Revelstoke
1.umber  Co.,  Revelstoke,  was  a  visitor   to  Van
couver   early   this   month.
Mr. R. 11. Alexander, secretary of the B. C.
Mills. Timber & Trading Company, paid a visit
to the Sound thi> mi mth,
Mr. S. Gintzburger, of Vancouver, is making
enquiries for a sawmill plant to have a capacity
of from 50,000 to 75.000 feet  per day.
Among the visitors to Vancouver this month
was Mr. R. O'Leary, a prominent lumber merchant and fish dealer of  Richibucto,  X.  B.
We sell any article that is required bj
Railway Contractors or Lumbermen, no matter what it is.
We  ship mixed car lots
Mitts,    Moccasins,   Shoe   Packs,    Larrigans,
Pants, Underwear, Chain, Rope, Axes,
Saws, Axe Handles, Pork, Ham,
Bacon, Lard, Butter, Tea.
We are the only House in Canada that
furnishes you complete under one roof
LOWEST WHOLESALE PRICES
The local lumber market is in anything but a
satisfactory condition, and those who are building
are reaping the benefit ni the lumbermen's losses.
Mr. C. S. Battle, formerly at the head of the
Vancouver Lumber Company, with Mrs, Battle
and Miss Buchanan are on a trip throughout eastern cities.
Tin- Union 1.umber Co., of Vancouver, whose
recent incorporation is elsewhere mentioned, will,
if taken up by the lumbermen of the district, :>
of undoubted benefit to the industry. We have
looked into its charter, and believe the companj
ha-~ been launched at the most opportune time,
We understand that considerable encouragement
has already been accorded the promoters,
STATEMENT OF FOREIGN   SHIPMENTS   OF LUMBER MADE BY THE B. C. MILLS
TIMBER & TRADING COMPANY, VANCOUVER, B. C, IN 1904.
Date. Name and  Rig. Tons.  Destination. Feet.
Jan.   17—French   ship   Andre  Theodore..]  1875 !Cardiff, U.  K I 1,584.227
17—British  ship  Eskasoni    \   1715  'Sydney,  N.   S.  W  1.430.308
27—German  ship   Chile    I  2054 'Callao I 1,806.123
29—British   steamer   Peleus     4800    Kobe, Japan
Feb.    5—British  steamer Aorangi    \  27S2   Sydney 	
6—British steamer Tydeus    !  4800   Japan  	
Mar. 14—German  ship   Adolph    j  1651   Iquique   ....
23—British bark Linlithgowshire  ..I  1357   Freemantle   .
4—British steamer Miowera    '   1888   Suva,   Fiji   ..
14—British steamer Ping Suey   I 4150 JKobe, Japan
31—British  steamer  Moana    j  2414 'Suva, Fiji  ..
Mr
av
Apr.    8—British  ship   Agamemnon   	
18—British bg.  Sussex  	
28—British   ship   Belford   	
29—British  steamship  Aorangi   	
30—British  steamship  Ningchow   . . .
30—British  steamship  Ningchow   ...
3—Am. schooner Lottie Bennett .. .
7—Am. schooner Americana 	
27—British steamer Miowera  	
31—British steamer Hyson   	
31—British steamer  Hyson   	
31—-British steamer  Hyson   	
June 24    British  ship   Manuka   	
24  -British ship Calchas 	
27 - -British ship Tartar 	
British ship County of Kinross..
British barque  1 lonna   Franceses
British str.  Ai »rangi  	
Bril ish str. Stentor 	
str. Stentor 	
-tr.  Stentor   	
hark  11 awtln irnbank  ....
steamer < >anfa   	
steamer   Miowera    	
(earner Manuka 	
1212
I/7I
406
830
! Hongkong
Sunderland
r.ng.
28.070
120,^7
106,041
1,369,442
1,125,789
44.020
1 19,638
35,638
128.588
1,009,440
Sydney, X.  S.  W \    1,621.165
Suva, Fiji  . .
I Kobe, Japan
I Hongkong   . ,
lunin.   Chile
40.841
42,075
153700
644.306
< Isaka, Japan          1.023,654
in v
30-
20
20
An
Sep
British
British
British
British
19 British
16 British
24
13
18-
Suva,   Fiji   	
1 )evonport, England
I Ii mgkong 	
Xagasaki   	
Suva,  Fiji   	
111 mgki>ug   	
Y'ikiihama   	
1555 i I avre and t !alais, F
2163   Callao.  Peru   	
Suva, Fiji 	
Ki die,   Japan    	
II o u g k o n g    	
11 amburg, < rermany
1288    Iquique,   Chile   	
Nagasaki.   Japan    . . .
Suva,   Fiji   	
Suva, Fiji 	
Y< ikohama  	
ranee
25,100
168,017
26,624  I
70,080
30,7l6
29,36l
21,386
1.308,662  j
1.700,358
37.935
58,007
28,740
1 24,81 2
1,13 1.100
308475
23,065
20.045
242,174
Jritish ship I nverness	
FOREIGN   LUMBER   SHIPMENTS   FROM   CHEMAINUS.
Date. Name and  Rig. Tons.  Destination. Feet.
Jan.   26—German bark Hydra    I    742    Antofagasta |       573.718
Feb. 13—Chilian  bark   Admiral   TcgcthotTI    802 j Antofagasta |       700,1)01
II—British  ship  Khyber    '   1027 |Freemantle    | t.665,310
Mar.   7—British steamer  Longships    j 2843 (Shanghai    | 1.143,785
0Q2    Shanghai
Value.
I $22,500 on
10,050 00
I   21,700 no
1,010 on
3.81S 00
4,704 00
14,560 00
11.031 00
870 00
1,400 on
642 00
1.575 n0
12,283 00
16,087 00
090 00
841 00
1,817 on
6,710 00
15,465 00
274 00
10,000 00
332 00
1,380 00
474 00
307 00
626 00
25,600 00
I0,o!5 00
695 00
1,178 00
359 00
1,426 00
11.000 00
5,537 °°
403 00
305 00
2.7^? 00
22
May 14
May 30
Aug. 13
28
Sep. 24
-American bktn. James Johnson..!
-British barque Procyon  	
American bktn. T.  P.  Emigh
-German ship Schurbek   !
Chilian  bark  Antofagasta    !
1005
2266
1016
I qllique
Melbourne
Antofagasta
Germany
British  -.hip Olivebank    j  2(147  'Cape Towi
1.233,870
r ,819,949
1,204,485
802,228
2,081,564
2.517.'54
Value.
|$ 6,682 00
I    8,250 °°
I 10.275 00
I 13,687 00
I   15,920 '1M
20,582 00
1 12.705 00
I   8,575 0
1 41.045 00
I 24.7S1 00 BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
17
The new machinery for the Ross-McLaren
mills, lately purchased by Mr. Lester David, will
be along as soon as it can be shipped from San
Francisco,  where   Mr.   David  did  his  buying.
Mr. and Mrs. 11. B. Gilmour arrived home on
the 8th inst. from an extensive trip to California
and Mexico. Mr. Gilmour and Mr. J. Webster
were delegates to the I. ( ). (). F. convention, held
in San Francisco.
Mr. F, T. Sherbourne, contractor of Vancouver, was awarded the contract for the construction of the warehouses on the new C. P. R.
wharves at Victoria, the contract price being in
the neighborhood id" $7,000. Work has already
been started
Mr. Alex. McLaren, president of the Barnet
Mills, left this month for his home in Buckingham, P. Q.    He was accompanied part of the way
Construction and installation work is being
carried on with such success at the new mill of
the Canadian Pacific Lumber Co., at Port Moody,
that there is every reason to believe the company
will be in a position to operate soon after the
first of the year. It has been stated that owing to
the uncertain state of the lumber market operations would not be commenced until the market
improved. Such, however, is not the case, as
the local market in Vancouver is but a small factor  in   this  company's  business.
The 1'.. C. 1><ix Company, Ltd., have removed
their premises from Pendrill's mill to False
creek, west of Cambie street bridge, where they
are installing an up-to-date box-making plant.
Electricity will be the motive power.
by Mr. DePencier, manager of the company, who
is taking a well-earned holiday and will visit the
St.   Louis  exposition  before  he  returns.
Mr. John T. Laking, of Hamilton, Out., and of
the Laking-Paterson Lumber Co., was a visitor in
Vancouver this month. This was Mr. Laking's
first visit to British Columbia, and the lumbering
operations of the Province were a revelation to
him.
We have been favored with samples of veneer
work turned out by the B. C. Manufacturing Co.,
of New Westminster, with their excellent finish
show the capabilities of this enterprising firm.
Manager Eckert advises us that with the steady
advancement of agriculture throughout the Province the demand for the products of his factory
have been  steadily and  satisfactorily    advancing.
Fire did considerable damage to the mill of the
Capilano Lumber Co., on Capilano creek, across
Burrard Inlet from Vancouver. Tt is the intention
of the company to rebuild at once and on a more
extensive scale. The company owns much valuable timber in the neighborhood. The subject of
the Capilano Lumber Co.'s rights on the Capilano
recently came up for discussion before the Vancouver Council in connection with the preservation of the watershed the city of Vancouver drawing its water from  this source.
ORILLIA, ONTARIO
THE8E 8AW CARRIAGES ARE MADE OF CAST
8TEEL, AND   OPEN 36   TO   54 IN. FROM SAW.
WE    BUILD
Double Edger, Steam  Feeds,  Log Jacks,  Live  Rolls,
Trimmers, Slab Slashers, Steam Niggers.
COMPLETE    LINE    OF
SAW   AND   SHINGLE    MILL   MACHINES
NO.    2   SAW   CARRIAGE
WRITE FOR CATALOGUE AND PRICES is
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
ft
i ;'
f.
Mr. Thomas Chew, manager of the Ontario-
Slocan I.umber Co., of Slocan, was the guest of
his brother, Mr. Joseph Chew, shingle manufacturer of Vancouver, this month. Mr. Chew states
thai this season'- business at his company's null
on Slocan lake have been very good, and subject
to the approval of his directors, extensive additions will be made m the company's property before next season.
The following vessels have been chartered to load lumber at the Hastings mill: American schooner Bilboa, 651 tons, due about October 30th, from San Pedro, She will load for
Chile. German barque Pallas. 1,351 tons, due
about November 1st. To load for Callao, Peru.
British barque, County "\ Dumfries, 1,615 tons;
due in December from San Francisco, To load
lumber for Loudon. Kug. Norwegian ship Nord-
stjerner,  1,635 tons, ^\\\c in January; to load  [or
union,   Kng.
than Sell at a Ions. In other word-, the niillnieii
should co-operate through their association, so
thai   when conditions    are  unfavorable    a   iixed
policy   as   to   output   and   price-   ran   be   depended
on. It shouldn't be a matter ol pride in swallow
ing losses and working at cross purposes; il
should be a matter of business. It has been de
motistratcd in the cargo business as well as the
rail trade that when the manufacturers make up
their mind- price- arc -table, and it 1- also a matter of record that during the period of higher
price- the demand was the greatest iii the history of the lumber trade. Buyers are always
reluctant to buy oil a declining market, and eager
when  prospects  favor an  advance.
CO-OPERATION  OR  BUST.
An object lesson in the desirability ol co-oper-
(Ui is afforded by the lumber and shingle mar-
>f the Pacific Coast at this tunc.   The Pacific
fcnber Trade Journal  points out   that  while  the
>  and   rail   trade   of   the   Northwest   fell   off
9,300..V)'1  feet   in   a   trade  of  873,291,846  feet
j   first   half  of   11)04.  price-   were  cut  $6 per
and   feet,   representng   an   enormous   loss,
purnal  adds:  The  fault is  not   entirely   with
arket.     A good deal of it is with the manner-  themselves.    There i-  no  good  reason
\hv  mill-  -houUl  operate  at  a  loss,  or  why
t cent, of the entire    output    of the  Pacific
ft\vc-t   -h'Ulld   be   -old   beh'W   COSt   of   prodttC-
,'here   i-   no   good   reason,   either,   why   an
'll|(Willing  market   -liquid  be  crowded  with   cheat)
her when it can only absorb a portion of the
it.     It  seems  to us  that    there    should be
er a curtailment of production or a display of
I necessary backbone  to pile up lumber  rather
BUYING REFUSE
1- a rather aiiamalous title, but in the case of
a recent visitor to Vancouver, Mr. H. J. Gilbert,
President and Manager ^i the Saginaw Manufacturing Co., of Saginaw. Mich., it is nevertheless
ci irrect.
The lumber sought by Mr. Gilbert's company
i- of a sort which, owing to continued exploitation of the forest resources, i- practically unobtainable elsewhere. It 1-. Mr. Gilbert explained.
of that class of spruce which i- at present consigned to the flames in this Province as refuse,
for which no market has been hitherto obtainable. < >ur manufacture-, said he, arc made almost exclusively from this sort of wood, and
we have a capacity for ten or twelve million feet
per  year.
Mr. Gilbert explained that this rough lumber, or
refuse as it has been called here, is u-ed in the
manufacture of a variety of woodenware, such
as washboards, etc., and contract- for supplies
of this material have already been made 111 Victoria and in Vancouver. This, it wa- gathered,
will open up a market which has hitherto been
unavailable for much of the rough lumber now
u-ed merely to ii'^^l the mill bon-fires. It has
been  one  of  the  complaints  among  Coast  mill-
men,  Mr. Gilbert say-, that they could not in-
titahly   gel   rid   of   tin-   product.
Incidentally    speaking   of   the lumber   indu
try,   Mr.   Gilbcrl   predicted   an   early   movenn
in  the  direction  of  the  developing of  the pul
industry    and    other  manufacturing  enterpri
on  tin- Coast, winch are dependent upon the sill
ler class nl   timber,    "1   am  convinced,  said 1,
thai    there   are   great   opportunities     here     onl
waiting   for   somebody   to   grasp   them,   in   1
wa>   ol  good  manufactures,    In  this connecti
he commented on the fact that Japan and Ch
are   today   receiving  their  pulp    supplies    froi
Eastern   lactone-,   which   have   a   freightage   1
pay   of $18 per   ton   to  ship   their  goods  aero
the   continent,     Why   not   cut   your  good   stuff
into   lumber   and   convert   your   smaller   tree-  in
to   pulp  and   other   industrial   commodities?"
COMPLETES SEASON'S WORK.
Survey  work  for the season  has been discon
tinned  on   the   limits  of  the  Quatsino   Power  &
Pulp Co., and  the parts-, consisting of 36 undo
the   direction   of   Mr.   McGregor,  returned  fr
Quatsino on  the   171I1  inst,    The note- taken hj
the  cruisers   -how   that  the  confidence    of
company   was   well   founded   when   the   scene    :
tin-   big   undertaking   was   chosen.
The water power available has been estimated
by   Mr   Colby,  ol   Boston,  who  has  an   interna
tional   reputation   for   this   class   ol   engineering,
at   14.000  horse   power.    This   will  be   suffich
for   the   company   to   operate   on   the   large   -1
ultimately  intended.
The question of a market for the company's
product has been answered beyond all doubt,
as enquiries have shown that an almost unlimited
demand exists, China, Japan and Australia an
three countries to which the product- may b<
-hipped to advantage. According to the report
of a British consul in Japan, that country ini
ported in one year one hundred million dollar-
worth of pulp products.-
VANCOUVER LUMBER COMPANY,
MANIE ACTIRERS Of ALL KINDS Of
LIMITED
Rough and Dressed Lumber
Mill, South End Cambie St. Bridge
p. 0. Box m
VANCOUVER, 6. C.
FIR
WE MAKE A SPECIALTY Of LOCAL
AND NORTHWEST TRADE	
SPRUCE
CEDAR
Good Material Reasonable
Prices Prompt Service
HEMLOCK
EQUAL  FACILITIES  FOR   SHIPPING   BY   WATER   OR   RAIL
I BRITISH  COLUMBIA  LUMBERMAN
19
W. J. SHEPPARD, Waubaushene, Ont., President
J. G. SCOTT, Vancouver, B. C, General Manager
Pacific Coast Lumber Company,
Ltd.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
MANUFACTURERS OF-
Fir, Cedar and Spruce Lumber, Lath, Houldings, Turned Work, Etc.
HIGH GRADE RED CEDAR SHINGLES
CAPACITY—Saw Mill, 150,000 feet per 10 hours;   Lath Mill, 25,000 per 10 hours; Shingle Mill, 300,000 per 10 hours ; with
ample Planing Mill and Dry Kiln Capacity to Handle our output.
PACIFIC COAST LUMBER COMPANY. LIMITED
POSITIVE LUBRICATION
OBTAINED BY USING THE
Manzel Sight Feed
Automatic Oil Pumps
Silent Hall Clutch Motion, equally sensitive at high or low speed. Equally effective at high or low pressures. Saves Oil
because it does not waste it. Made Single,
Double, Triple and Quadruple	
Bayfield U Archibald,
ENGINEERS,
Molsons Bank Building ancouver, B. C.
THE CANADA METAL CO
TORONTO, CANADA =
ARE
BABBITT MEN
IMPERIAL, their highest grade, guaranteed
No equal for heavy machinery.
Lumber Dry Kilns....
Operating by the NATURAL DRAFT
MOIST AIR SYSTEM.   .......
Planing Mill Exhausters
For the removal of Refuse  from
Wood Working Machinery	
Steel Dry-Kiln Trucks
For piling Lumber of any Dimensions
for Drying purposes	
Our Planing Mill Fans are carried In Stock
by The Fairbanks Co., of Vancouver, B C.
FOR CATALOGUE AND FULL PARTICULARS WRITE
Sheldon & Sheldon
GALT, ONT., CANADA BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
A NEW FIELD.
Mr. Jolm McCarthy, a member of the McGoldrick Syndicate, at Nelson, B, C, was a recent
visiter to that city. He had just come from a
trip of inspection to the Bahama Islands, which
lay about 150 miles to the east of the Florida
coast. Mr. McCarthy says the possibilities for
timber speculation in the Bahama islands arc
very great. He went to look alter the interests
of Wm. O'Brien, of St. Paul, who has acquired
a large acreage on three islands, namely, Abaca,
Great Bahama and Andros. The timber consists
chiefly of large pine with some valuable mahogany, mastic, lignum vitae. bulletwood and many
others. The want of labor and roads has so far
rendered it impossible to turn this valuable timber to account but Mr. O'Brien now proposes
to put up sawmills and turpentine works and
will invest a large sum in the enterprise. Mr.
McCarthy's recent investigation satisfied him
that there are from three to four billion teet
of pine available on the islands. A sum of $300
a year has to be paid to the British governor
of the island for each island and a royalty of
,^7 cents a thousand is charged on cut pine, but
the $500 is only charged when no work is done
and the $7 cent- and other royalties are allowed
account  when lumber manufacture is carried
been  issued by   the  Dominion  Government,  and
under the act timber on  Dominion ( town grant
ed  lands i-  ma   liable   to  the   Provincial  export
duty,  as  the  timber regulations  thereon  are  made
>y the  Federal Government.    Through  the  cen
tre  of  Surrey   and  along   the   Nicomekl   River   are
a  few  pieces ^<i  land,  the  title-  to  which  were
granted   by   the   Provincial   Government   before
the transfer was made to the Dominion Govern
ment, and the timber on these is, of course, liable
to   tlie   Provincial   export   duty.
The firms now logging on the Nicomekl River,
knowing that the Dominion land- were exempt,
made a mistake in assuming that the land- upon
which they were engaged in cutting timber were
granted by the Dominion Government. The
matter, however, ha- now been satisfactorily
adjusted,
NEW  TEMPERING  PROCESS
According to tlie Spokesman-Review, a black-
smithing firm of Republic, Wash., claim to thave
developed a processs for tempering steel likely to
surpass anything of the kind ever before brought
to light. Harvey W. Graham, the junior mem
ber <'i the firm, began working on the process
five or -ix years ago, and ha- continued a series
of experiments and tests on iron and steel, ami the
Mr.   Graham   says   lie   thinks  the  proeess  1     ts
perfect  a-  it ever can be.    The linn is kept I     y
making razors and tempering them for local
tomers, ami can not  meet  the demand with •    ,,.
present   facilities.    T.   S.   Williams,  of  tin      ,n
I'ou   barber   -hop,   ha-   one   of   the   razors,  v      j,
lie   would   not   part   with,   and   George   Cm.
a   barber   of   twenty   years'   practice,     ha-     ;
which   he  ha-  been   using  for   three  month-      |[«
-aid  today:
"1 have set aside my old case of tools and ,w
use only these razors, and I can say that I have
never before had a blade that would hold an
edge   a-   long  as   these   will."
Mr. Graham has perfected his process of i,m_
pering by the exercise of thought, time am! pa-
Hence, using ill numberless tests the diffei at
chemicals in his formula in various quantities
suggested by the results obtained from daj to
day, until the broken edge of a steel drill > eh
had been u-ed in a mine was pared down wi a
knife to an edge keen enough to be u-ed again
without  resorting to tlie forge.
The Confederation Life Association has given
notice of it- intention to apply for a water record
of 300 inches from Cheam Lake for "power to
1 un  a  sawmill."
*  *.
L_ULj
BRITISH COLUMBIA MILLS.TIMBER ilu!TRADING COMPANY.^^^g"
Harfxhmt 4 HTUItt IUWKttf HOUSES, alu * kit* tl iMtfc mi FmM late Utk 5fc,i>p> IUUt> Juk for,trap I. t*tut „ «KKS H m 0»y    —V.'.VTU . c
"READY-MADE"   HOUSES.      COMPLETED.      EXHIBITED   AT   NEW   WESTMINSTER, B   C.
OUt. One cent a gallon royalty is paid on turpentine, and 1 cent a barrel on rosin. The royalty is only on exported material. The population is about 20,000, of which some eight per
cent only, i- white, The formation of the islands is coral and shell hardened into limestone,
honeycombed with innumerable cavities. The
soil is thin but exceedingly rich and timber and
fruit plants appear to grow right out ol the coral.
The climate is one of the most delightful 111
the world and Mr. McCarthy think- that the en
terprising St. Paul man for whom he is acting
has struck a bonanza.
TAXES MUST BE PAID.
Towards the end of the last month considerable
excitement in lumber circles was caused by the
reported seizure of logging camp-, and outfits on
Dominion and Provincial land- adjoining the
Boundary line south .if New Westminster. The
seizures were made by Inspector Murray, for
non-payment of timber due-, and the value ol
the camp outfits and logs is estimated at close
upon $100,000.
The trouble arose in this way. The land south
of the river in that district i- in the Dominion
railway belt.    A  great  many  Crown  grant- have
firm ha- patiently worked ami expended their
earnings from their business on tin- matter until
it ha- been brought to such alleged perfection
that it bid- fair to become a basis for a larym
fortune and perhaps revolutionize the iron and
-teel working industries,
The process consists of the use of certain chemical- in water or ml in the tempering vessel, but
what those chemical- are 1- the firm- secret.
It 1- claimed that by their use any kind of a tool
from a blunt hammer head to a keen edged razor
can be tempered to a perfection never before rea
lized, In the correspondent's presence Mr. Graham, with an axe tempered by tin- new process,
cut several gashes in a cold liar of steel without dulling the edge. Such a blow a- wa- deal) at
the bar with any other kind of tempering would
have broken a big gap in tin- blade of the axe,
if   it   did   mu   de-troy   it   for   all   further   Use,
With an axe tempered by this process, a cold
bar ol iron or -teel may he cut into chunks almost
as easily as if it were of wood, and with a -tout
knife blade a bar ol steel may be whittled into
-havings. A heavy blow dealt with a chunk of
wood into which a number of nail- had been dnv
en, split it in two and cut through the nail- with
out taking the edge off the blade Other severe
tests have demonstrated a perfection .if tempering that had not even been anticipated.
BOX-MAKING.
The Brunette Saw Mill Co., Ltd., of New Westmin-
ster, hail a unique, ;is well as interesting, exhibit at the
Westminster exhibition, being an arch formed from the
products iif the box factory operated by that company.
I he exhibit occupied considerable space, and doubtless
proved o\' intere.sl to all users of boxes of the various
kind-. Great credit is due to Mr. A. M. Wastell, the
Superintendent of the Brunette Mills box-making department, h>r the extremely picturesque display ol what
otherwise might have been anything but an attractive
exhibit.     It   is   worthy   of note  in connection with this
exhibit, that in the company's box factory automatic
nailers ami dovetailing machines are used, ami these
are the only machines of that nature in use in Canada
west of Toronto. It was through Mr. Wastell's experience with them in the  Last  thai  the company ha- been
enabled to install these machines with such satisfactory
results in tlieii  mill at Westminster.
Mr. 1.. A. Lewis, Manager ot the B. S. M. Co. is to
be congratulated on his energy in putting up so magm-
ficenl a display. In the centre of the exhibit w i one
o\' tin- company's box machines, and in atten lance
throughout the fair there was always somebody to explain to those interested, and there wen- man) iUC"«
the manufacture of the articles on exhibition. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
21
THE NORTHWEST'S GAIN.
Montreal, Oct. 12.—"As a result of my trip
through the entire wheat belt, 1 think I can safely say that the quality of this year's crog is sa
excellent that fully po per cent, will be good
milling wdieat, and the total will be very close
to 65,000,000 bushels." was the interesting announcement made by Mr. F. W. Thompson, vice-
president and general manager of the Ogilvie
Milling Company, Ltd., on his arrival here today
from a trip of several weeks over the entire
wdieat belt.
Mr. Thompson said that on Saturday morning
last he was present when the first pile was driven on the new big flour mill that the company
was  building at   Fort  William.
one thousand shares of one thousand one hundred
dollars each.
To carry on the business of lumber manufacturers, merchants, brokers, shippers and agents
in the city of Vancouver and elsewhere.
To acquire by purchase or otherwise sawmills
and shingle mills for the manufacture of lumber
and shingles, to operate the same.
To acquire by purchase, lease or otherwise,
foreshore rights, water privileges, docks, wharves,
piers, warehouses and generally everything necessary for the equipment and operation of steamers,
steam tugs and vessels.
A MIGHTY FACTOR.
If  the  negotiations  now  being  carried  on  between   the   Robertson   Lumber   &   Rafting  Com-
FAIRBANKS  CO.   EXHIBIT   AT  NEW  WESTMINSTER, B. C.
INCORPORATIONS.
The Britannia Lumber Company. Ltd., incorporated October 5th, with a capital of live thousand dollars, divided into five thousand shares of
one dollar each.
To enter into and carry into effect an agreement between Alfred Mattinson and the company,
and between Christopher R. Drew and Peter Foster and the company.
To carry on business as timber merchants,
sawmill and shingle mill proprietors and lumbermen, to buy, sell, import, export and otherwise
deal in saw logs, timber, lumber and woods of all
kinds.
Union Lumber Company. Ltd., of Vancouver,
B, C, incorporated 29th September, with a capital
of   one   hundred   thousand   dollars,   divided   into
pany, of Portland, and the Panama Canal Commission are brought to a successful termination,
hundreds of millions of feet of logs and piling
will be sent from the Columbia River logging
district in immense rafts to the Isthmus, to be
used in the construction of the temporary work
of the canal.
The Commission has been requested by the
men who have the construction of the canal in
charge to purchase 40,000 sticks of piling for use
in the work at the canal, and this requisition is
now in the hands of the purchasing department
of the commission.
This amount of piling is equivalent to 3J.000,-
feet of lumber, or equal all told to four of the
large rafts that are built on the Columbia River
and towed to San Francisco at the rate of three
each  summer.
Rt?B.
Paint
penetrate
preserve,?,
|\ prevents
*   decay.
Used all
over the
world.
//Booklet free\ J,
The Paraffine Paint Co
24 Second St., San Francisco
Lot Angelet, Portland,Seattle, Denver
26
HENRY  DARLING
Agent for Western British Columbia
and Vancouver Island
18 Powell St.
Vancouver, B. C.
The Gurney Standard Metal Co.,
AGENTS
CALGARY, ALBERTA
SHINGLE INDUSTRY PARALYZED.
Bellingham, Oct. 21.—The Chamber of Commerce of this city is now taking steps to secure
from the railroads some measure of relief to the
shingle industry, which is paralyzed by lack of
transportation. At the present time immense
stocks of shingles are piled up in the kilns and
warehouses of the dozens of shingle mills tributary to Bellingham, and there is a great dearth of
cars. Unless cars can be secured immediately
several of the mills will be forced to close down.
They cannot go on manufacturing for the reason
that they have no room in their yards for the
storage of the product. Orders from the East,
placed months ago, cannot be forwarded, and
manufacturers are at their wits' end-to know what
steps to take in the matter.
Recpiests to the Great Northern and Northern
Pacific Railways for cars are met with temporizing replies, and there seems to be no possibility
of securing relief in either of those quarters, The
matter is to be laid before the officials of the
Canadian Pacific Railway, and if cars can be
secured from that road a great deal of business
will be guaranteed..
TIMBER LICENSES ISSUED.
For the month of September there were 153
timber licenses issued, 59 were new licenses and 94
renewals. These are thus apportioned to the several districts:
Sayward  District     2
Kootenay     <7
New Westminster  District        6
Fast Kootenay  49
South Fast Kootenay      28
Lillooet    -Ji
West  Kootenay       14
Coast      16
Total   153.
The lumber mills at The Coop and Sparwood,
on the Crow's Nest P,ass Railway, are running
full blast.
W 22
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
1M
ALMOST  A  MILLION.
Ottawa, Oct. 21—The will of the late Alex.
Lumsden, who represented Ottawa in the Ontario
Legislature, amounts to $935,042.   Of this amount
$41,175 is in Ontario real estate, $4.oS,q4(> in Quebec
real estate, and $484,919 personal. Mr-. Lumsden
1- the sole legatee ami executor.
AMONG THE M/VNlfACTlRERS
FOUR MILES OF PIPI
WHERE B. C. "TOOTHPICKS" WENT.
The first grain elevator erected by the  Harbor
Commissioners    of  Montreal    was finished    last
month, ami is now in working order. This great
elevator was designed in order to give Montreal
a chance of competing with the grain shipping
ports of America, and for the better handling
of the Canadian export crop, which increases in
bulk every year. It is one of the biggest structures of the kind in the world, is 228 feet high
and cost $6o6,000. Its carrying capacity is 1 .-
000,000 bushels "\ grain, and its machinery will
load a large ocean liner in one night. The corn
is carried into the storage chamber by pneumatic suction tubes, and the grain is thoroughly
cleaned and freed from dust before it is shipped
for  exportation  by  a  special  set  ol  machines.
TO   DEVELOP   POWER.
Completing a busy month the Pacific Coast
Pipe  Co.,   Ltd.,   of  Granville   Street,   Vancouver,
turned out on September 30th the last carloads
of an order for four miles of their wooden stave
water pipe 14 inches 111 diameter, for the Ross-
land Power Co, This pipe is now being installed at the new concentration plant for the War
Eagle and Centre Star mines, at Trail. Water
is taken from Murphy creek for the operation
of this new plant, and the wooden pipes have
superseded the old flume method, being fully
as cheap ami much more practical, while at the
same time being very economical in the trans
mission of water  with no loss whatever,
The Pacific Coast Pipe Co.. Ltd., has a number of large orders on hand for wood pipe to
be shipped to various points, and during the
season has supplied several towns and cities 111
the interior of British Columbia, as well a- in
thi' Northwest Territories with pipe. In tin-
latter country, where it is comparatively a new
proposition, the pipes supplied by the Pacific
Coast Pipe Co.. Ltd., have in every case given
great   satisfaction.
of    English   plate    and    are    warranted   perfect' •
true, or as true as it is possible to make thei
They   are    free   from    flaws   and   seams.     Tin 1
Crescent ground saws are guaranteed to cut 1
per   cent   more   lumber   than   any   other   brand
saws made in the United States.    Simonds' hand
saws are in qualitj  and finish of steel and hand
the most  modern hand saw  on the market.
WHAT I SAW AT ST. LOUIS.
A company is being formed by a number of
influential men in the Boundary District, particularly in Phoenix, for the 1n1rpo.se of developing the power obtainable from the Kettle River
above Canyon City. It is claimed that during
low water 3,500 horse power is available. . The
company will be known as the Horseshoe Power
Co.,, Ltd.. and will have a capital of $250,000. If
the project is carried out this will be the second
time the Kettle River has been harnessed t.i de-
velope 1 >o\vei".
X. Hanson'.- sawmill at Wasa, S. P.. Kootenay,
is   now   running   full   swing,   and   a   large   amount
of  lumber  is  being  cut.
THE FAIRBANKS CO.
This   company    had   a    striking   and    tastefully
arranged   exhibit   at   the   New   Westminter   Lxhi
bition,   which   called   forth   most   favorable   com
merits from visitors.   The exhibit included among
the many lines manufactured and handled by this
company  a   line   of  null   supplies,   and   everything
necessary for the engine room; transmission appliances, belting, pulleys, hangers, etc., while one
comer   of   the   exhibit   was   taken   up   with   a   display of the products mi'  the  Simonds  Saw   Mann
factory,  for which the   Fairbanks  Co,  has  the  exclusive  agency.    These   saws  are   ma-He   entirely
l.y recent mail we have received some interest
ing momentoes from the K, Hoe & Co., saw man
ufacturers ol  world renown, consisting of a h
let depicting "A Hoe bit" on the cover and a view
of the  fair grounds on the inside, together with
a  twenty-four page illustrated pamphlet, ems'.
"l"he   Hoe  Chisel Tooth   Saw.     How   it  is made,
and how   it   should  be  taken  care of."    This la'.
should   make   interesting   reading   to  all   users     i
the  Hoe products,
AN ATTRACTIVE EXHIBIT.
Reference was made in our August issm to
the exhibit of the British Columbia Mills, Timber & Trading Co., of Vancouver, B, C, at the
Dominion Exhibition, recently held at Winnipeg,
of a group of "Ready Made" houses. This exhibit attracted an immense amount of interest
and attention, and the appreciation ol the -;
tators is best shown in the fact that orders from
the Prairie Provinces have resulted which will
tax the operations of the company to its capac
its  ftir s, 1 me tune to c<ime,
The prune object 111 making the exhibit at
the Dominion Exhibition was to ascertain it, upon
critical examination of those best qualified to
judge, this class of house would meet the requirements of settlers of the Northwest and, whether or
not the company would be justified in extending
its already large plants by the addition of the
necessary alterations and machinery to turn out
these  houses.    The  exhibit  has  fully settled h"tll
WASHINGTON
ngines
Embody the latest improvements suggested by practical loggers. They are
strongest and most durable,  requiring least attention  and  fewest  repairs.
BUILT IN ALL SIZES, SINGLE, DOUBLE AND TRIPLE DRUMS
Patent steam friction, Turner's patents, and our new lock lever friction devices. Over 750 Engines now in use in Washington, Oregon, California, British Columbia, Alaska, Nicaragua and the
Philippines.      Write  us  your  requirements and  we will send complete specifications and prices.
Washington Iron Works Go.
SEATTLE,   WASH. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
23
RED CEDAR LUMBER CO.
LIMITED
MANUFACTURERS OF
Fine Cedar Lumber
and Shingles... .
TELEPHONE B334 P. 0. BOX 322
Orders Solicited and Correspondence Promptly Attended to
POWELL STREET ...VANCOUVER, B. C.
British Columbia Cedar Shingles
HAVE A WORLD-WIDE REPUTATION
You Want None but the Best
Then Place Your Orders With    ,—^
JOSEPH CHEW
SHINGLE  MANUFACTURER
Vancouver, British Columbia
points, ami as soon as circumstances will permit
the British Columbia Mills, Timber & Trading-
Company will be in a position to fill all orders
submitted to them.
In the meantime elaborate catalogues are being prepared, which, when completed, will embody the various designs suitable to the many
purposes for which the houses may be used, and
will be profusely illustrated with excellent halftones.
So great was the attraction of these houses
at the Dominion Exhibition that the company
was urged to make a similar exhibit at the annual fair of the Royal Agricultural & Industrial
Society held this month at New Westminster,
and only consented at the last moment, inasmuch
as with the present facilities the company is not
desirous of advertising them until it is able to
fill the orders already booked. Our illustrations
herewith presented, show, first, a group of the
three houses exhibited at New Westminster
which formed one of the most interesting and
attractive exhibits at  the  Society's  fair, and pos-
brief description of the construction of these
houses has already been given in these columns,
so that there is no need to go into details at this
time.
There is little question but that when the company has completed the necessary additions to
be able to turn out these houses in any number.
they will find a ready sale all over the country,
and they will be a boon to many a settler
throughout  the  west, and  elsewhere.
It is worthy of note that in consequence of
the extremely favorable comment on this exhibit
the Royal Agricultural & Industrial Society has
awarded the first gold medal of merit ever struck
by the Society to the British Columbia Mills,
Timber & Trading Co. This appreciation was
unanimously voted at the last meeting, and indicates what was thought of the exhibit by the
Fair management. What was thought of it by
visitors is shown by the fact that the whqh
display was purchased by Rev. A. A. McLeod,
who will have the houses re-erected at Grand-
view,  in  the  eastern portion of Vancouver     By
I   have   also  b?m   directed   to   say   that   as   a
slight appreciation of the Executive's gratitude,
a gold medal will be forwarded to you in a few
days.
The diploma I beg to hand you by bearer.
I am, yours faithfully,
(Signed)      W. H.  KEARY,
Manager  and   Secretary.
THE ENGINEER'S PIPE DREAM.
Come draw up your chairs,  and you  shall hear
The tale of the Valve and the Engineer.
He worked a week and he worked a day,
For 'twas finish the job or get no pay,
When Sunday came there was still no rest
For his Valves would leak though he bought the
best.
But he sat in his boiler room one day
And his thoughts flew out in a dreamy way,
And he dreamed of a Valve, a wonderful kind,
That all came apart with no seat to grind,
When a thread cut out on a bonnet or seat
He   could  buy   new   parts,   and   the   Valve   was
complete.
sibly called forth more favorable comment than
any other exhibit, agricultural or industrial.
This photo was taken the day before the opening of the hair. The second and third pictures
were taken at the Dominion Exhibition, and are
herewith reproduced for the instruction which
they convey, showing in the first instance the
houses in course of construction, and the finished article, the latter giving but a faint idea of
the crowds who inspected the exhibit at the Exhibition. From an architectural point of view
these houses are just as nearly perfect as could
be desired, while the method of construction is
such thai they can be made in almost any size
within reason, remembering, however, that the
prime object is with the view of supplying the
wants of people outside of cities, where arti-
zans are not to be had except at great expense,
and that any man with ordinary intelligence can
put the house up from directions supplied him
without   the   aid   of   carpenters   or   builders.     A
arrangement with Mr. McLeod, one of them wi i
remain at New Westminster, the management
wishing it for the use of the lacrosse club, and
the   B.  C.   Mills, Timber & Trading Company
will   make   it   good   inc.
The following i3 the letter forwarded by Mlvor
Keary   acquainting   the   B    C.   Mills,   Timber   &
Trading Co. of the awarding of the medal:
New Westminster,  B.  C. October roth,   1904.
B.  C.  Mills,   rimber & Trading Company,  Vancouver, B. C.
Gentlemen—I have been instructed by the Executive of the Royal Agricul it .'.1 & Industrial
Society of B. C. to write and express to your
company their grateful appreciation and thanks
for the magnificent exhibit you made fit ihe
Provincial Exhibition just closed at Queen's
Park, this city, of your "ready-made" houses,
which were a source of great interest and attraction, and we feel certain we can truthfully say
made one of the principal features of the fair.
Three minutes  of labor,  a trifle  the  cost,
The Valve was intact, and no holiday lost.
Every part that was worn he could quickly renew,
Now this was his dream and it all came true.
For  a  big hearted,   good   natured   fellow    came
around
And showed him a Huxley all perfect and sound.
The Engineer's Sundays are now all.his own,
His  troubles  and  cares   to  the    wind    he    has
thrown.
He has on his pipes  a Valve  that will stay,
The   Engineer's   favorite   forever  and  aye.
And this is my story, when all of it's told
The moral is clear—get the best that is sold,
The price is no more at the outset, the cost
Is twenty times saved  e'er the Valve you have
lost. .
So fit up your pipes and begin life anew,
We've got the right price, so it's right up to you.
The Western Oil & Supply Co., of Vancouver,
are   agents  for   the   Huxley Valves.
Sprague Collecting Agency, 24
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
MACHINERY
Engines and Boilers
SAW   MILL   MACHINERY
PLANING MILL MACHINERY
SASH AND DOOR MACHINERY
We can offer you a better selection than any
other dealer in America.
J. L. NEILSON & CO. Winnipeg
H. CAMERON, Manager
DONALD GRANT, President
Moyie Lumber k Milling (o,i«.
movie:, b. c.
MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF
flooring, Ceiling, Siding, Ship Lap,
Common Boards, Dimensions and Lath
SPECIALTY :
MOUNTAIN TAMARAC
NOTE    SPECIAL ATTENTION TO
MANUFACTURE
WOODEN WATER PIPES.
At the annual exhibition of the Royal Agricultural and Industrial Society, held at New Westminster this month, among other exhibits coming under the industrial department, was one
of wire wound, wooden pipe, manufactured by
the Canadian Pipe Co. The exhibit was well
arranged and showed samples of pipe in the various sizes turned out by the company, including gates, hydrants, cross pipes, Y's, tees, elbows
and reducers. Mr. Berry, manager of the company, who was in charge of the exhibit, states
that the company's product is meeting with the
must   gratifying  appreciation   wherever   used,
In many parts of the world this wooden pipe
is rapidly taking the place of the open ditch or
flumes for irrigation purposes as it never freezes
up, but retains the uniform temperature of the
water. It is evident that on account of the wood
being a non-conductor the temperature of the
water passing through the pipe is kept practically uniform both in winter and summer. It is
found on record  that  some of the  wooden  pipe
manufacture has been reduced to a science in this
country, and Canadian saws are now in use all
over the world and are generally conceded to
be the best,
Quality is of course the paramount consideration in this industry, and there are but few
branches in which long experience and a high
order of mechanical >k 111 are more essential t"
success, hew houses are better equipped in this
respect than the E. K. Burns Saw Co., of 548
and 550 Dundas street, Toronto, Canada. The
output of this concern, which is carried on under
the able management of Mr. W. Rankin, is circular saws of every description, including a new
and perfected band saw, which bids fair to re
volutionize the band saw trade of the United
State- as well as Canada. All goods beyond
question are as perfect as the best selected material and expert skill in manufacture can make
them. Their works at the above location are
completely equipped with the most improved
machinery and appliances known to the business and there are special feature- for grinding,
polishing, repairing, etc. \ very large number
of  the   highest   -killed  labor   is  employed  under
place for water supply m London, England, over
a century ago, is still m use and as good as ever
and again in Detroit, Michigan, over twelve miles
of wooden pipe was laid fifty years age and 1-
>till K""d. which speaks well for the article ex
hibited by the Canadian  Pipe Company.
SAWS   OF   EVERY   DESCRIPTION.
The saw has ever played a conspicuous part
in the economy of manufacturers. It dates as
far back as the grindstone, but unlike that nonprogressive appliance the saw has felt the march
of progress until inventive genius and skill have
effected improvement akin to perfection in this
indispensable piece of mechanism, Hardly any
cither tool i1- more varied in size than the saw.
when we consider the full range of the -peeies,
so t<> speak, fnun tin watchmaker's delicate saw
f«>r piercing and inlaying, which measure ab<nit
one-thirteenth of an inch in width and one hun
dreth of an inch in thickness, up to the immense
mill and chisel tooth saws in use in wood working establishments and the gang saws employed
in   ripping   logs   of  almost   any   dimensions,   Saw
the       ITlOSt       experienced       -Uperill telldence. The
trade of the firm extends to all part- of the conn
try.   and   it-   manufacture   -ells   (in   their   merits,
successfully   challenging   comparison     with     all
-miliar   goods   on   the   market.
The  new   patent  crosscut  handle  is  pronounced
by    hardware   dealer-   t'i   be   the   Strongest,   11)0-1
durable   and   easily   adjusted   handle   ever   mven
led. "	
WANTED.
One bo"   x   lb  ft.   Boiler  to  stand   I'..   C.  test,   l_'=,
lbs.
( Mie 150 II   I'. Engine.
One Moulder, must be modem heavy machine
< >ne Matcher, must be modern heavy machine.
One Planer, must be modern heavy machine.
One Self-feed   Rip Saw, must  be modem  heavy
machine .
\11 machines must be in good condition.
(live prices separately for each ami  F.O.B. car.
Address,
\( iRTII  STAR  LUMBER CO.,
Box 11, Cranbrook,
WANTED AND FOR SALE
Advertisments will be inserted in this department
at the rate of 10 cents per line for each insertion, payable in advance.
WANTED.—One   Machinist.     Canadian   Pacific
Lumber  Co., Port  Moody.
WANTED First-Class Cedar Logs. Apply at
Mill No. *_', Hastings Shingle Manufacturing Company,
Vancouver, B. C.
LOGS WANTED.—Wanted to buy cedar, fir
and spruce logs taken oft Crown granted lands-
Apply to J. S. Emerson. Vancouver.
WANTED.
We handle on commission all sorts ol British
Columbia Lumber and Shingles, manufactured and
rough.    Please quote prices f.o.b. Toronto.
THE FUEL & LUMBER CO.,
77 Adelaide St. East
TORONTO, ONTARIO
C. H. VOGEL
ENGINEER
(A. M. Can. Soc. C. E.) OTTAWA, CANADA
Surveys, Plans, Specifications and Supervision
WATER l>OVVER
Paper,    Pulp  and  Sulphite  Hbre   Mills
RENIS COllCCUD IKPfBlfNCED VAUiAIOR
W. T. FARRELL
GENERAL   AGENT,   REAL   ESTATE   AND
INSURANCE   BROKER
Timber Lands, Farms. Business & Residential (ity Property
FOR  SALE
Special Attention Oivrn to Selling and Renting House and Store Property
Room 17,  Fairfield  Bldg., 433 Granville St., Vancouver.
N. A.  McKINNON
Timber   Cruiser  and   Valuator.
Twent) years' experience in the woods,
References,
280 HOWE STREET
VANCOUVER, B. C.
P. O. Box 602
StoraK*1
GEO.  H.  COTTRELL
FORWARDING  AGENT.
Warehouse, 139 Water St.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Spocial attention Kivcn to distribution
of Carload Freight BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
VANCOUVER ENGINEERING WORKS, Ltd.
■
ENGINEERS
ml-i
Our Logging Engines
have earned a wide reputation for Durability,
Efficiency and Pulling Qualities. Tfie following sizes kept for immediate delivery:
9" x 10" SINGLE or DOUBLE DRUM YARDER
10" x 15" DOUBLE DRUM ROADER (\% Mill Cable)
Ail absolute guarantee given with each Engine.
Call and inspect the anginas at our Works. ..
Works: Hefty Ave.
Our Steel Roller Bearing Dry Kiln Trucks Have No Equal i
We have recently added
to our works special
Machines and Tools for
making these Trucks,
which insures perfect
alignment of wheels and
axles. Axles and Rollers
are made of refined steel.
Made in all sizes of
channels and lengths..
WRITE FOR PRICES
THE SCHAAKE MACHINE WORKS,
NEW WESTMINSTER,
British Columbia BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
, (
■
lit1
Headquarters for Mill Supplies
Try our KEARSARGE A3BE8TOS METALLIC PACKING for all high-pressure
steam joints. Guaranteed to give satisfaction where all other Packings
have failed.   A complete stock on hand.   Sizes, 1-32" to 1-8"*
WE CARRY A COMPLETE STOCK OF
Asbestos Air-Cell Pipe Covering
FOR HIGH-PRESSURE STEAM PIPES
ECONOMY ITS VIRTUE
NO OUST NO ODOR
WATERPROOF
We also carry a complete
line of Norton Emery Wheels
in all grades and shapes. .
Sizes, 6" to 14", all thicknesses	
QUALITY UNEXCELLED
QUICK CUTTING DURABLE
THE FAIRBANKS COMPANY
Office and Store, 153 Hastings St.   VANCOUVER, B. C.   Machinery Warehouse, Powell St.
qVVMV¥M*VV¥MV¥VVV¥MMV^»^V^^rWV*¥^»^^^r^^r^^r^rV^r>rWl*rV*r^»»»*
THE
Canadian Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd.
PORT MOODY, B. C.
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in All Kinds of
B. G. LUMBER, LATH, MOULDINGS, Etc.
The Largest Shed and Dry Kiln Capacity of any Mill In British Columbia.
Special Attention Given to Orders
from Manitoba and the Territories
l
Address the Company at Pert Moody, or
BYRNES ft CUDDY, Sailing Agents, WlWIPEti
LONG DI8TANOE TELEPHONE CONNECTION
111

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