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British Columbia Lumberman Nov 30, 1904

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British Columbia lumberman
I).   TODD LEES Business Manager
Office,   Mackinnon   Building,   Granville   Street,   Vancouver,   B, C.
Telephone 1196 P. O. Drawer 9'28
Tkrms of Subscription (Payable in Advance)
One year, Canada or the United States $ 1 00
One year. Foreign Countries    1 50
Advertising Rates, on Application
Correspondence hearing upon any phase of the lumber industry
will be gratefully acknowledged, and discussion upon trade subject*
i* invited.
To oi'R Advertisers.—The British Columbia Lumberman
has a guaranteed circulation of 2,000 copies. It will be found in
every mill, lumber manufactory, logging camp, etc., in the Province
and Puget Sound, besides all dealers in lumber in the Northwest and
Canada generally. To lumber manufacturers, lumber dealers and
machinery makers no better medium has ever been offered in the
MF* "Persons corresponding with, advertisers in the "British
Columbia Lumberman will confet a favot by giving the journal
citdit foi such cottespondence.
It has often been said that "the devil can quote
Scripture to serve his ends." A similar simile,
it would seem, can be applied to some of the
legal fraternity of R. C. in application to the timber laws of this Province. Our attention ha.;
been called to the "legal" rendering of a certain
section in the Amended Land Act of 1004, in
which the word "manufactured" is used. The
section referred to is No. 42, and paragraph No.
4 of sub-section 3 of same section, viz.: "All
timber cut from Provincial lands must be manufactured within the confines of the Province of
British Columbia, otherwise the timber so cut
may be seized and forfeited to the Crown and the
lease cancelled."
From the information at hand the word "manufactured" is contrued by a firm of solicitors in
this city to mean that the lumber must be in that
condition of finish, that it is incapable of any
further treatment by the lumbermen, such for instance as flooring, siding shiplap, etc., otherwise
it is liable for such tax or duty as this Province
or the county of export can place upon it.
The issue in point is that within the last few
weeks a wealthy lumberman of the Sound visited
this Province with the intention of taking up
timber limits and erecting thereon or appurtenant thereto a mill of largo capacity for the
purpose of shipping the rough product to Puget Sound for further treatment, being prepared
and ready to pay the duty of $j per 1,000 on rough
lumber entering the States. Everything was
practically arranged when he referred the matter
to a Vancouver legal firm for advice. He was advised of the interpretation that might be placed
upon "manufactured" as stated in the subsection
above referred to. Exit Mr. Lumberman.
Provincial legislation and legal interpretation
was too much for him. Now comes the rub; if
such an interpretation can be placed upon the actual meaning of the simple word, and legally accepted, the export business of British Columbia
timber during the past year is liable to bring the
largest shippers of the Province into serious
trouble, and they are liable, according to this rendering, to a tax of anywhere up to $5-50 per 1,000
feet on all "rough" timber exported since the
passing of the Amended Act, as well as to a cancellation and forfeiture of their leases.
In our opinion this is straining a point a little
too far. The lumber industry is already hampered enough without the legal fraternity "butting
in" and raising trouble—as none can do better—
and putting a construction upon words or phases
which surely could not hold before any competent
court.     However,  the  result in the present    in
stance has  been that  an  investment of possibly
$roo,ooo has been lost to the Province.^
It is well to state here that the Government
would be perfectly willing to sustain any legitimate enterprise that would embark in this Province in the "manufacture" of "rough" lumber for
export, and if this should come before the notice
of the "wealthy lumberman" above referred to,
we would suggest that there are others in the
"legal fraternity" who know better than his previous advisers.
The Finance Minister, in presenting his Budget to the Government at the last session of the
British Columbia Legislature, estimated the revenue for the year ending June 30th, 1905, from
timber Royalty and licences at $250,000, and the
expenditure towards the industry or its institutions, $100, exclusive of the sum of $5,580 for
Timber Inspectors and Deputies and one Forest
The financial year has only advanced about four
months, yet the revenue reported from the above
File Room Machines and Tools    '
Emery Wheels, Silver Solder, &c, &e.   !
R.   HOE   6c  Co.,   New York.
j   REPAIRS executed promptly by expert workmen.     INSERTED TOOTH SAWS REMILLED AND REFITTED,   ;
WE    ARE    HERE    ON    THE    QROUND1
.... TRY   US!    !
If tl!8HWtW«t>l)t)»»eQ»l>0t>€>If»IHMIUM
1 1
1 1
1 1 I t
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In Five Sizes, from 54" to 96"
j rfo.Ck
we: manufacture
write H. B. GILMOUR, Agent, Vancouver
For Particulars
resources, up to the 31st inst., is given at $175,000,
while for the ten months it is $360,000.
From these figures the thought occurs to us
that it is not wise to kill the goose that lays the
golden egg, yet the lack of protection which
the British Columbia Government has accorded
the lumber industry, or as a matter of fact one
of its own most valuable assets, is most appalling.
The expenditures—among salaries—provides for
$1200 a year for ONE Forest Ranger to oversee
millions of acres of timber lands in British Columbia. Far better keep this paltry sum for all
the good it can do, if that is all that can be appropriated.
In a recent issue we made the following statement: „
"With an estimated loss by bush fires of five
million dollars to standing timber throuhout the
Province during the season, the British Columbia
Government has little reason to be proud of the
paternal care which it exercises over this valuable
public asset. If the experience of the past summer does not suggest remedial action, we know
not what will. The outcome is self-evident:
Efficient tire wardency system at an annual cost
of say $50,000, or the present rotten system with
a Provincial loss of $5,000,000."
Further inquiry has caused us to rather increase the Provincial loss than decrease it.
Moreover, the surplus of actual receipts from
royalty and licences for last year—the fiscal year
ending June 30th last—over the estimates was
roughly  $30,000,  yet   the   necessity   of  providing
some means of protection to this yaluable "golden egg" has never occurred to our Legislators.
From present indications it is not at all improbable that the revenue derived will surpass the
estimates for the current fiscal year by all of
1 ids is now "the winter of our discontent," and
it is time the lumbermen and timber owners of
the Province got together and prepared a strong
memorial for presentation to the Government to
provide for the adecpiate protection of the timber
resources of British Columbia. It is all very well
to lock the stable door after the horse is stolen,
as might be said when our forests were burning
up, but out of the cold ashes which remain, it is
now time that we do "something," ere another
season like last summer overtakes us. Let the
lumber associations of the Province bury their
grievances for the moment, and get together on
this most, important Provincial and public necessity; put in a claim for $50,000 of next year's surplus and see that you get it for Forest Fire Protection. We have a strong ally in this movement in the Canadian Forestry Association,
which is ever ready to help the cause of forestry
It must be with the greatest amount of satisfaction that the trade of the Coast received the
news a few days ago of the decision of the Railway Commission regarding the disposition of
lumbermen's  case against the  Canadian    Pacific
Railway regarding the matter of freight rates upon cedar lumber shipped over that Company's
lines to prairie and eastern points.
The judgment just received reads in part as
follows: "Upon hearing the complaints, represented by W. H. D. Miller, Manager of the transportation department of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association, in support of the complaint
and Mr. E. P. Davis, K. C, Mr. J. E. Mullen and
Mr. B. W. Greer, contra, and it appearing to the
Board that a rate of 10 cents per one hundred
pounds is imposed upon cedar lumber, which excess rate is an unreasonable and excessive one,
and unjustly discriminates against cedar lumber,
the Board orders that the Canadian Pacific Railway Company and all other railway companies
do hereafter desist from charging a greater
freight upon cedar lumber than is charged by
them on pine, fir, spruce and other lumber of like
class; and the Canadian Pacific Railway Company and all other railway companies are hereby
charged  forthwith  to  give  effect  to   this  order."
Upon the same day that the despatch announcing the Railway Commission's decision reached
the Coast, word was also received that the Railway Company had written the Commission disputing the right of that body to interfere with
rates on its main line. The cause of this protest
is supposed to be in conformity with the law under which the railway Company endeavored to
protect itself  when    challenged,  by  calling    the
The A. R. Williams Machinery Co., Limited
Have the following Wood-working Machinery for prompt shipment:
Iron Working Machine Tools.
ine Lathes, New.
Rahn Mayer Carpenter Co., make.
Rahti  Mayer  Carpenter  Co.,  make.
MacGregor Gourlay Co., make.
MacGregor   Gourlay   Co.,   make.
MacGregor  Gourlay  Co.,   make.
MacGregor   Gourlay   Co..   make.
MacGregor,   Gourlay  Co.,  make.
R.  MacDougall & Co., make.
Ralm  Mayer, Carpenter Co.. make.
Rahn   Mayer,  Carpenter  Co..  make.
Ralm  Mayer,  Carpenter  Co.,  make.
W.   P.   Davis   Machine  Co..
W.   P.  Davis  Machine Co.,
Sebastian lathe.
E.  E.  Reed Co., make.
Star lathe,   Seneca  Falls C(
Engine Lathes  (Second Hand.)
4,8x10 feet  heavy  triple geared  lathe,  nearly  new.
110x10 Engine   lathe.
82x30 Engine lathe.
28x10 Engine lathe.
20x7 ft. 0 in. Engine lathe.
24x18 ft. 6 in. Engine lathe.
24x10 Engine lathe.
20x8 Engine
20x0 Engine
lsxio Lathe.
18x8 Engine
lathe,  screw  cutting,
10   inch
Wood  bed   lathe.
Kngine   lathe.
Engine lathe.
14x4 ft. 0 in. Lathe.
18x5   Kngine  lathe.
Engine  lathe   with   Turret   attach t.
ft. c in. Engine lathe.
ft.   0  in.   Flat   shear  lathe.
ft.   0  in.   Speed   lathe.
Flat   shear  lathe.
turning   lathe.
T5. 40
18x25x12,   Rahn   Mayer,  Carpenter  make.
10x23x12,  Rahn  Mayer,  Carpenter make.
24x40x20   gap   lathe,   MacGregor   Gourlay   Co.,   make.
2Gx48xl2 gap lathe,  R. MacDougall Co., make.
Gap Lathes, Second Hand.
24x34x0  ft.  8  in.   Gap  lathe.
13x23x0  gap  lathe.
6x10x214  gap lathe.
Drilling Machines, New.
25 in.   Barnes'  drill.
22 54   Rames'  drill,  sq.   B., L.  &  W.   feed.
20   in.   Rarnes'   drill,   sq.   R.,   L.   &   W.   Feed.
20 in.  Barnes' drill,  sq.  B„  B.,  G.  & S.  feed.
20   in.   Tower   feed,   MacGregor,   Gourlay   Co.,
15  in.   Barnes'  drill.
20  in.  drill,  S.  F.   B.  G.,  Barnes' make.
20  in.   drill.  L.   T.   W  .feed.
22^2  in.  drill, B.  G.  & S.  F„ Barnes' make.
26 in.  drill, B.  G.  &  S.  F„  Barnes' make.
Drilling Machines, Second Hand.
Iron Shapers.
24x30   Shaper,   MacGregor  Gourlay  Co..  make  new.
10x20 Shaper Stevens & Hamilton make, second hand.
10x15   Shaper,   MacGregor   Gourlay   Co.,   make.
10x20   Shaper,   John   Steptoe   Co.,   make.
10x18   Shaper,   McKechnie  &   Bertram  make.
Iron  Planers.
42x48x14  ft.  MacGregor  Gourlay  make.
30x30x12   McKechnie &  Bertram  make,  second-hand.
30x30x10   Tron   planer,   second   hand.
24x24x7   Tron   planer,  second   hand.
24x24x0   Tron   planer,   second   hand.
24x24x0   MacGregor   Gourlay   make.  new.
20x20x4 ft. 0 in. London Tool Co. make, second hand.
Slotting  Machines.
10  in.   Slotting  machine.   Xasmith   Co.   make.
Slotting  machine,   second   hand.
No.  2 key seat slotter.  Mitts &  Merrill  make,  new.
Kcv   seat   slotter,   second   hand.
Also   a   number   of   good   bolt   threaders,   boiler   plate
rolls, punches, shears, etc., etc.
Selling   Price.
One   Power   Feed   Rip   Saw, No. 559, Greenlee makers,
Chicago     $150 00
One Jointer, MacGregor Gourlay, Gait,  for box work   75 00
One   Single   Surface   Planer,   Major   Harper,   25   in.
Broken   Roll    300 00
One Box Edger, Challoner Sons & Co.,  Makers, Osh-
kosh    300 00
One Gang Cut Off Saw, Challoner Sons. & Co.. Makers, Oshkosh 300 00
One Band Resaw, Cowan & Co., Gait 48 in. Wheels.' 500 00
One   Ideal   Band   Resaw,   Mershaon   &   Co.,   Makers,
Saginaw,  48  in.  Wheels    550 00
One   Planer,   24   in.   Red,   Cowan  &  Co..  Gait.   Heavy
Pattern    200 00
One  Swing  Cut  Off Saw,  W.   II.   Finn,   Maker,  Oswego      25 00
One   Moulding   sticker        75 00
One  Swing Cut Off Saw,  W.  H.  Finn, Oswego   ....    25 00
One Power F"eed Rip Saw,  Greenlee, Chicago 150 00
One  Swing  Cut  Off Saw,  W.  H.  Finn,  Oswego        25 00
One   Blind   Rahbitter,  Woods,   Maker,   Boston      100 00
One Wood Turning T,athe, 18 inch     25 00
One   Foot   Power     Clasp,   Williamsport     Mche.   Co.,
Makers    100 00
One   Hand   Wheel   Sander     100 00
50 00
150 00
50 00
Bench   lathe.
Gap  Lathes, New.
20x48x21, R.   MacDougall   Co.,  make.
21x40x12, MacGregor,   Gourlay   Co.,   make.
20x20x14 Rahn   Mayer   Carpenter   make.
20x20x12, Rahn   Maver   Carpenter   make.
18x25x12, Rahn  Mayer Carpenter make.
The A. R. Williams Machinery Co., Toronto,
have just purchased from the Gilmour Door Co.
the following modern machinery, which have only been placed on the market, owing to a change
in Gilmour's business.
One Blind  Slat Tennoner, Williamsport  Mche.  Co
One  Double   Blind  Slat   Sticker,  Dewitt  &  Co
One  Sash   Boring  Machine,  Greenlee,  Chicago  50 00
One Blind Slat  Gang Rip  Saw with 3  Saws  75 00
One   Blind   Stile   Borer,   Movable  Slats,   Colborne  Patent   	
One 12 in.   Planer and  Matcher,  S.   A.  Woods Mche.
Co  600 00
One   Wiring   Machine,   Movable   Slats     10 00
One Stile Sticker, Cowan  & Co., Gait     75 00
One   Knife   Mitre   Machine,   Fox   Mche.   Co.,   Grand
Rapids      30 00
One Chisel  Mortiser, II.   B.  Smith,  Smithville, N. J..$110 00
One   Chain   Mortiser,   New   Britain   Mche.   Co.,   Makers    jj  350 00
One  Hand   Rip  Saw  Table     10 00
One Rowley & Hermancc Wheel Sander  100 00
One   Foot   Power   Clamp   Machine,   MacGregor   Gourlay,   Heavy   Pattern       110 00
One   Horizontal   Stationary   Engine,   9-inx12in.,   Williams     200 00
Six   Water   Wrheels,   Baldwin,   Ottawa,   50   in.     The
including  shafts,  gears  and  pullevs  $150.00  each.. 900 00
Two Boilers  5  ft.x!2  ft..  $400.00 each  800 00
Three  Boilers,   5   ft.x!2   ft..   $175.00  each     525 00
Two   Heaters,   $40.00  each     80 00
Two   Pumps,   10x4x7,   $50.00   each     100 00
One  Wood   Shaper,   A.   Dick,   Alton     50 00
One 24-in.   Double  Surface Connell  & Dengler   . .   . . 400 00
One Foot  Mitre Machine     15 00
One  Panel   Sander,  MacGregor   Gourlav   Co  100 00
One 60-in.   Band  Resaw,   Fay  make.  Cincinnati..   .. 500 00 BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBHRMAN
Commission's attention to certain sections of the
C. P. R. Charter and the Dominion Railway Act,
notably the io per cent on profit on its invested
We have no reason to believe that the railway company's protest will have much weight,
inasmuch as the Company, in placing itself as
champion of the "overburdened farmer" of the
prairies, against the combinations of retailers and
lumber manufacturers, last spring assured the public that it would not advance its transportation
rates, but would do all in its power to lower them
compatable with fair profit, and that by establishing a rate then it cannot well go back on that
promise in its own interests.
The adjusting of lumber rates brings up another
point, although not one to be feared by British
Columbia manufacturers, that is of the Washington and Oregon lumbermen's petition to American railroads for a 40 cent rate to Missouri
points. The "Pacific Trade Journal" for November has the following to say in this connection:
"While the abstract of the decision is not at
hand, and it is therefore not clear whether or not
shingles are included, the findings of the Commission is of great importance to the lumber interests of the Coast, because it involves a general reclassification of rates in Washington and
Oregon. It isn't likely the Washington lumbermen will allow the Great Northern and Northern
Pacific lines to charge a differential between cedar
and fir, because the British Columbia milimen,
through a reduction in rates, can afford to absorb
the duty and flood the United States with cedar
lumber. Moreover, the lower rates obtained by
the redwood manufacturers is a menace to the
red cedar product, and now that the Canadian
rates have been equalized the Washington and
Oregon red cedar shippers are "between the devil
and the deep sea" as it were. Tt therefore goes
without saying that a petition will be forwarded
shortly requesting that rates be equalized.
e position of the  Canadian  Railway    Com-
n is absolutely just.    The only lines on the
ican   continent  charging  a  higher   rate   for
ommodity used for the same purpose as an-
similar  commodity  are  the   Canadian   Pa-
Great Northern, Northern Pacific and Union
fie.    Other roads class as lumber all varieties
ood,  except  high  class  hardwoods,  and  in-
e  shingles,  porch   columns,   sash  and   doors,
cept glazed, and it is a well known fact that
a test case the difference in charges between
cedar and  fir would be knocked    out as readily
as in the case of the Canadian Pacific."
Among our many exchanges we have found
nothing that so much interested us in connection
with the relative position of manufacturer and
consumer in the Prairies as the following communication which recently appeared in the columns of the "Commercial" of Winnipeg, and
we believe its reproduction will be of equal interest to our readers:
"Some six or eight months ago the lumber question suddenly became a live topic to the press
and public, and, after the airing of some of the
ills that afflicted the body politic, the question
was suddenly dropped out of view. In a discussion of anything of such commercial importance to the great west, "transportation" naturally
comes in for its share of investigation. This the
railway companies resented inasmuch as they felt
they were unfairly criticised and as a memento
of their disapproval they have left their card in
nearly every station throughout the West. It
may be a case at present of "letting sleeping dogs
lie," but we believe lumbermen are easily competent to arrange matters to help the trade where
the laws do not give sufficient protection.
The present season has been a disastrous one
for lumber manufactures, and for many years they
had an uphill struggle. It is true they have had
a few prosperous seasons, and it was coming to
them. The awakening of the West to ber possibilities has made fortunes in many other lines of
manufacture, but their establishmens being situated in the East, where they spend their money,
their good luck is not so apparent to Westerners.
That a prejudice exists against the lumber
dealers there is no use denying. The basis of this
feeling is variously accounted for. One reason,
no doubt, is from the fact of so many of the settlers of 20 or _*5 years ago coming from the Eastern Provinces where they were accustomed to buy
their lumber for $7 or $8 per thousand. Many of
them drew their own timber to the mill and bad
it manufactured into lumber for $_• or $3 per
thousand, and gave logs in exchange for sawing,
but it was a horse oi a different color when they
"hit" the West with its rigorous climate, where
every foot of lumber had to be shipped in over
railways which were struggling to earn dividends.
These facts hid their effect on struggling settlers. No wonder they complained, for in many
districts a log bouse was not possible, and lumber must be bad. Let those stout hearted old-
timers go F.ast today and they will find the difference in cost as compared with the West would
not keep them in tobacco very long. The "down-
easter" bad to bouse his whole crop, hence good
barns are a prime necessity, which is not the case
out here. Again, there is not a lumber dealer
in the land but will testify to the fact that ninety-
nine farmers out of every one hundred take a
high priced grade of boards when a cheaper
would often do as well. Short and narrow boards,
generally the soundest and always the cheapest,
are discarded because they may take a few hours
longer in handling. Pine shingles, if put on a
roof judiciously would do fur many outbuildings
as well as Western cedar and are at least $1 less
per thousand, but they will not use them. This
applies all the way through, proving that the
price is no handicap.
What about the free admission of mi much
lumber from the south? Is it right and is it an
advantage? We think not. Canada has perhaps
more lumber wealth than any other country in
the world. She has up-to-date manufacturing
concerns that can more than supply the demand.
As this expands, there are millions of money
ready for investment in more mills. The number
of small operators East and West is legion, and
is increasing rapidly. These are obliged to sell
to keep going, so to speak. Their product cuts
a figure, and. all told, a disproportionate priced
lumber period could only be of short duration.
Free lumber! What a godsend it has been to
the manufacturers of Minnesota and Wisconsin
and Washington just when they needed it! Owing to their trade being paralyzed at home, it
has worked right into their "mitt" and they are
chuckling. Tt has ever been thus. No wonder
Canadian diplomats going over to negotiate at
Washington arc shown out, for Uncle Sam can
always work us without bothering himself as
to wdiat he need give  in  exchange.
What would up-to-date, wideawake and self-
respecting statesmanship have dictated just at
the juncture referred to? It would have said:
Free lumber may only be a temporary advantage, but we will just take this chance to show
you Americans that we are an appreciable quantity after all. and will for the present "cut out"
free lumber. This forcible reminder would arrest their attention and could be made the basis
upon which to negotiate for concessions of wider
importance, and, indirectly, of more benefit to
the Dominion as a whole than the temporary
advantage free lumber is to one section of the
Napoleon said of the British officer who baffled him in Egypt, "That man made me miss Inv
destiny." Canada would seem to have repeatedly missed her destiny in treaties with the
United States. Rut we like the Americans. We
are pleased to have them invest in our lands and
timber. Wc heartily welcome them when touring through the country inspecting our broad
acres; but. if they started bringing their lunch
baskets with them wc would naturally demur,
as we have the very best wheat in the world, and
what is the matter with our lumber that we require to import theirs?
The posting up of lumber prices in stations by
the C.   P.  R. was an uncalled for procecdin.   ,111!
unbecoming   in   a   corporation   of   such   pr in
tions.     While   they   may   have   been   justified   in
relenting the references to their freight rates by
the Retail Lumbermen's Association, it shows ■
mighty a grip on the commercial  vitals of a s?
tion  of  our  business  community   to  have  their
wholesale   prices   published.     The   result   to   the
consumer  has been  nil,  in  fact  it  has been a de;
nmeiit  t" him, for since the publication of thesi
prices   by   the  railway     company     the    wholes.,;
price of lumber has declined;  but   the retail deal
er is not down in the same proportion, for he Lithe C.  P.  R   helping him to maintain his figures
and  the   consumer  gets   his  hill  tilled  accordingly.
The   sum  up,  the  average  yearly  profits  of the
manufacturers  hast and West have not been e>
cessive, and as far as the retail dealer is concern
ed  his   lot  cannot be   said   to  be  a  desirable  oni
He  is   obliged  to  keep   a  big  stock,  which  take-
money, and at the same time carry customers for
perhaps $5 to $15,000, much oi it without interest
Many   dealers   wince   under     the     pressure,    and
would  gladly unload if they saw a chance.  Your-
truly, Edge Grain,
The hope was expressed in an earlier issue that
the affairs of <' e Can- dian Timber & Saw Mill
Co., of Trout Lake, would be amicably and satisfactorily adjusted, but a succession of difficulties
have cropped up and the property has been in the
hands of the Sheriff, and a sale was advertised by
him t<> take place this month. The directorate of
the Company his called forth the indignation of
citizens of the immediate neighborhood by the unbusinesslike trcatrjient of the late employees of
the mill and the desire to compromise upon tin1
wages due. The "Trout Lake Topic" thus ex
plains itself in this matter:
"There is something radically wrong either with
our laws or the administration of them. It
seems incredible that men should work for
months with a Company and then be either forced
to take what is offered in the shape of a com
promise or be skinned out of the whole business. Nevertheless it is a fact as demonstrated
by the operations of those who control the destinies of the saw mill outfit operating here. In
the neighborhood of $10,000 is due for labor and
the representatives of the Company offered the
men eighty cents on the dollar as being all the
money that could be raised. Notwithstanding
their inability to pay the full amount they have
money to buy in at the sheriff's sale nearly all tint
was offered and would have bought it all if other
people had not outbid them. It looks as if the
money that should have gone to pay their just
debts was going into speculation on lumber.
Plainly speaking the creditors of the Company are
being robbed so as to enable the Company to
buy in for next to nothing its own assets. They
may be within the law but they arc certainly
stepping outside of the limits of honorable deal
ing. The Government of British Columbia, how
ever, control the most valuable part of the assets, viz., the timber limits, and we feel assured
that when proper representations are made to
them they will see to it that all men are pud in
full before another license is issued.
Mr. Leslie Hill, of Rossland, bought in the bulk
of the movable property, offered by the sheriff,
for $4000. and it is understood that he has been
instructed by the English shareholders to ende.i
vor to compromise with the Company's creditors by offering 80 cents on the dollar.
Winnipeg, Nov. 16.—The Rat Portage Lumber
Company's sash and door warehouse at. Brandon
was completely destroyed by fire last night, the
flames completing their work of destruction short
ly before midnight. The firm's books and safe
were all that was saved. The loss will be in fr=
neighborhood of $20,000, but the amount of insurance is not yet known.
The origin of the fire is a mystery, but it is believed to have been of an incendiary nature. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
North Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd
BARNET",   B.   C.
Mills on Burrard Inlet and Canadian Pacific Railway
A    HUGH MCDONALD, President L. A. LEWIS, General Manager    ^
Brunette Saw Mill Co., Ltd
(P. O. Address, SAPPERTON, B. C.)
Lumber, Shingles, Boxes, Mouldings
•£ You need not go elsewhere; we supply all kinds of British Columbia Lumber  4
* *
&                         It pays to order Lumber, Shingles, Mouldings, Laths, Doors, Etc, in <jf
4«                          mixed carloads, as you can then keep less on hand, and ordering 4
4*                            in this way you get quicker shipment      *?
|                                                                                                         — *
I Saw Mill, Planing Mill, Shingle Mill and Box Factory on CP.R. and Fraser River, at Sapperton *
* * (5
r    0 i I
I       v>orrespoT\aeT\ce       g
From our Special Correspondents.
A Busy and Prosperous Season About Finished—
The C. P. R. in Victoria—Speculation in
Timber  Limits—"Canada  for  Canadians" Does Not Appeal to
Holders of Timber.
Victoria, Nov. 21.—The practical closing of the
building season makes quiet times for the lumber
dealers, but, even yet, there are several quite important contracts under way which require considerable supplies of lumber. The mills are not
doing much on local orders but lare working on
those coming from the East. Two of our mills
are shipping regularly now to points in the Territories and Manitoba in answer to urgent requests to hurry the loading and dispatching of
cars. When these orders have been tilled the
winter's work of preparing stock for the spring
and summer trade will be steadily continued,
most of the mills having a good supply of logs
on hand with orders arranged for.
An Excellent Season.
The closing season has been one of the most
active which Victoria lumbermen have had for
many years, and some of its beneficial results are
shown in the number and quality of new houses
put up in the city. The increase in building is
not confined to any one or two districts, but is
universal for, turn where one will, the sight of
new dwellings of a substantial, and in many instances artistic, appearance are to be seen and
.mired. The old days of "balloon frames" and
ventional plans have passed away, Victorians
no longer content with the old order of arch-
cture and now demand modern homes with
ery available convenience. It is next to im-
ssible to give a correct total of the number
d value of buildings erected during the season,
I by a curious oversight in the City By-law,
c Building Inspector is only called upon to
ue building permits to persons building within
e free limits, so that the bulk of the houses
re not officially accounted for. Mr. Northcott,
owever, takes a great deal of pains to check up
the year's building operations, by personally making a ciareful canvass of the city, and I hope to
avail myself of the result of his work in my next
American Capital in Timber Limits.
As stated in former letters there are many enquiries from big firms in the United States for
Vancouver Island timber and several large tracts
are now under option at absurdly low prices.
While standing timber conveniently situated, is
selling in the State of Washington at $i per
thousand feet, similar and in some cases superior
timber on this island is being offered at from
$3 to $8 per acre—one-tenth to one-fourth the
price demanded in Washington. This state of
things is the result of the ruinous policy of the
British Columbia Governments of former days
in granting huge blocks of timber lands to speculators without imposing any restrictions as to
their utilization. Many owners of these valuable lands who have held them for a decade or
a score of years now find them a burden (although they acquired them for little or nothing)
in consequence of having had to pay a nominal
tax which has, however, amounted in its totality
to la very considerable sum. so they are willing
to sacrifice them to the first comer for any price
that will recoup them their outlay. The outcome will be that the United States speculator
and capitalist will step in, as they did in Manitoba in the case of farming lands, and reap a
rich harvest while our Canadian men of money
will continue to draw 2 1-2 or 3 per cent on their
capital safely lodged in the banks.
A  Correction.
The contract for the new Oak Bay Hotel has
been awarded to Mr. Fred Mesher and work has
been begun on the foundation. The contract
price is $31,000. not $13,000, as erroneously stated
in  last  month'',  letter.
The work on the foundation of the C. P. R.
Hotel  is  progressing  satisfactorily.
The C. P, R. has awarded the contract for the
offices, waiting rooms. &c, on the new dock to
Mr. Fred Sherborne, who is just completing the
large freight shed. The new dock will be a great
convenience  to travellers and  shippers,
The Busy Season in Winnipeg Draws to a Cloie—
Logging  Operations   Begins   with   the   Despatch of Over 3,000 Men to the Woods—
Pulp Mill for the Prairies.
Winnipeg, Man., Nov. 21. The local selling
season for lumber has about closed and the retailers have no cause for complaint regarding
the business of the past summer. The extraordinary amount of building done in the city
has given all the dealers a large patronage, yet
the supply has been well up to the demand. On
account (if a large amount of construction which
was started late in the season being unfinished
the interior finishing lumber will meet with a big
call all winter. In this connection some of the
Winnipeg contractors complain that the bad
weather of the summer considerably interfered
with the building operations and that an unusually heavy percentage of the construction will
have to stand over till next spring. The fine
weather of the past month, however, has helped
a number of local contractors nut of a serious
dilemma and the promise of a long open fall is
pleasing to a tiKijority of them, as the season was
late in opening.	
Works Requiring Wood Material.
Two big works which are -till requiring heavy
supplies of lumber and other building material
are the Canadian Pacific station and hotel and
the new immigration hall for the Dominion government. Work on the railway buildings is progressing very favorably, the station now being
closed in with a temporary roof. It will be completed this winter, while the hotel contract has
another year to run.. The new immigration hall
will he completed this winter. The new shops
and freight sheds of the C. P. R. are nearing
completion, and have been the means of creating
a big consumption of all kinds of lumber miateria.l
This has been the case especially with the freight
sheds, which, when finished are to be the largest
and most complete on the Canadian Pacific system. 	
Building of Canadian Elevators.
The chief Grain rnsnector for Manitoba and
the Northwest ha- made hi- annual report to the
Trade and Commerce Department, and in it he
cnlls attention to tin- fact that during the past
vear in the Province of Manitoba the increase in
the consruction of elevators and warehouses for
the storage of grain amounted to 100 in mini
ber alonu the line- of the Canadian Pacific railway. On the Canadian Northern lines in the
Province 37 new elevators and warehouses were
built, while in the Northwest Territories there
was an increase of 8; plevatnrs and warehouse
The construction of these trrain storaee buildings is a large item in the lumber trade of the
west, and is a class of the business which is
catered to by all large dealers. Many of the
companies in the elevator line conduct lumber
business of their own. as in that way they are
in a position to handle their construction supplies in a more profitable manner thhn if they
were   entirely   dependent   on   the   lumbermen.
Men Leave for the Woods.
Up to the present about three thousand men
from Winnipeg and the surrounding district have
left   here   for   the   lumber   camps   to   spend   the
winter.     Every  season   laborers  to  the   nun
of   about   6,000   leave   Winnipeg   for   the   v,
principally in the district "along the C. P. R
tween this city and Rat Portage and alonv
eastern section of the Canadian Northern.
Rainy River and Fort Frances sections of t
latter road have very extensive lumber can
this year and the majority of the men sent
this season have gone to those places. It is
expected that the demand for lumbermen 'ill
be heavier this season than for many years past
The wages paid are from $26 to $35 per month'
The big rush for the woods will be on about
Christmas week, when the men who have spent
the summer on railway construction arrive back
in the city and commence skirmishing for a j b
for the cold months. In past seasons it has
been difficult t" secure sufficient men to supply
the demand for labor in the lumber woods. !,.-,t
it i- anticipated that nil account of the immense
amount oi railway construction which has been
going on in the Canadian West during the summer and the consequent heavy contingent of la
borers employed the situation this year will be
somewhat relieved. The Rat Portage Lumber
Co. ha< sent out a majority of the men employed
SO far this season. The industry is one which
is .if great necessity to the welfare of the city
of Winnipeg, a- the absence of verv much industrial enterprise that can be carried on here
during the cold weather leaves a large percentage of laborer- engaged at outdoor pursuit1- in
the summer, and out of work in the winter. There
is plenty of employment for thtmi, however, in
the lumber woods and the class of labor here is
generally willing  to go  to the  camps.
New   Lumber   Company   Incorporates.
Another lumber company has applied for incorporation under the law- of Manitoba. It is
known as Christie & Company, Limited. The
applicants for incorporation are John A. Christie, lumber merch-ant; John Dick, lumber merchant; A. E. Howie, real estate agent; Edmund
L. Howell, barrister, all of the city of Winnipeg; William Cowan, of Prince Albert, lumber
merchant, and such others as may become shareholders in the company. The headquarters nf
the company are to be at Winnipeg and the operations of the firm are to be carried on at other
places in  the  Province.
Leaves Railway for Lumber.
E. Dillinger, who for some time has been superintendent of the C. P. R. nt Fort William,
has retired from the railway business to ittcnd
to lumber interests with which he is connected
in  British  Columbia.
Sawmill and Pulp Factory.
A couple of Michigan men propose to go into
the lumber business near Wetaskiwin. in the
Northwest Territories, and for this purpose have
purchased 21 sections of timbered land near Pigeon Lake, in the Territories, where they propose to erect a large sawmill and a pulp factory.
Supplies for Railway Construction.
The winter will be a busy season in the woods
along the line of the Canadian Northern, cast
of Winnipeg, almost to Port Arthur. The company proposes to take out an immense quantity
of ties, telegraph poles and posts to be used in
connection with the extension of the line through
the west next season and for this purpose several
large contracts for the supplies have been let
Winnipeg Mills Big Cut.
The mills of the Sprague Lumber Co., and the
Rat Portage Lumber Co., at this city arc still
running on the summer's cut and the supply of
logs will keep the mills going till the rivet
freezes. The quantity of lumber which repn
sents the output of these mills this year is larger
than for many seasons past, and the quality has
Toronto's City Assessment Shows a Substantial
Increase—Building   Operations   Active—Liberal Majority in the Dominion House
Not Looked Upon with Favor by
Toronto, Ont., Nov. 18.—The large amount of
building in Toronto this fall has resulted in a
healthy demand for lumber, the commoner
grades continuing much more in requisition than
the better qualities. The rapid growth of the
city is shown by reports of the assessors, from
which it appears that the net assessment of the
city has risen from $141,817,497 last year to $149,-
272,094 the present season. Of this increase
$2,669,652 represents buildings. A large number
of medium priced dwellings have been built this
season, but there it still <a great demand for the
smaller and cheaper class of dwellings. The
work of construction is being steadily pushed
forward by contractors, who are anxious to take
advantage of what remains of the open season,
and it is probable that despite the delay caused
by the strike of the builders' laborers in the middle of the season all previous records will be
broken by  the  volume  of  building operations.
Trade in the other cities and towns of the Province has not been so good, though the demand
for lumber has been fair. Here, as in other localities, southern yellow pine is very much in
evidence, and its use appears to be increasing.
The active demand for building materials has
resulted in stiffening the price of hath, which has
been a good deal sought after lately, and is becoming scarce. The demand for shingles has
also been brisk, and prices are likely to improve
before long. Considering the low price of red
cedar shingles it is surprising that they are not
more extensively used.
Politics Affects Trade.
Lumber operators appear so far to be carrying
out the arrangement for the limitation of the
season's output more strictly than has been the
case in previous years. Labor is likely to be
somewhat more plentiful now that the elections
arc over, as many men were reluctant to engage
before casting their ballots. There is a general
anticipation on the part of the trade that the
American demand will be very considerably increased as soon as the result of the United States
elections is known, sas many large undertakings
are apt to be deferred until the question as to
which party will obtain a four-year's lease of
power is settled.
The Big Majority May be Prejudicial to Lumber
With the return of the Liberal administration
to power at Ottawa by an overwhelming majority
the last expectation of a general tariff revision
with a view of giving increased protection has
disappeared. The large majority obtained by the
government will, of course, render it less
amenable to pressure from special interests. A
factor which cannot be ignored is the strength
of the following in the Northwest Territories,
which will naturally be ranged against any demand for a tariff on lumber. Among the prominent men in the trade who have been elected
to the House of Commons by Ontario constituencies are A. E. Dyment of East .Algoma. J. F.
Schell of Glengarry. T. B. Caldwell of North
Lanark, C. A. McCool of Nipissing, and Hon.
Peter White of North Renfrew, a veteran parliamentarian, who formerly occupied the Speaker's chair during the Conservative regime. The
.others named are all supporters of the powers
that be. John Charlton, who withdrew from
political life owing to advancing years and continued ill-health, is arranging with Morang &
Co., the publishers, of this city, for bringing out
a volume of his speeches and lectures, which will
be issued before Christmas. The subjects
dealt    with    cover    a     wide     r/.nge,    and    the
book will include his Boston speech on the Reciprocity question last winter, which caused much
discussion at the time.
Changes in Ontario.
There is to be a reconstruction of the Ontario
Ministry previous to a general election, Hon.
Elihu J. Davis, Commissioner of Crown Lands,
has signified his intention of withdrawing from
public life, land speculation is rife as to who will
succeed him in this responsible position, which
is yearly becoming one of greater importance
owing to the increasing appreciation of the value
of our timber resources, and the intricate questions arising with the progress of settlement in
New Ontario as to their economical management.
The name received with most favor as Mr. Davis'
successor is that of Hon. W. A. Charlton, at
present Speaker of the Legislature, a lumberman
of wide experience who has made a close study
of crown Lands administration. Mr. Davis has
not been a brilliant success as an administrator,
in fact he has been too much occupied with the
more urgent problem of how to maintain his
hold on his constituency of North York, where
he has recently been unseated on account of
widespread corruption, to give anything but a
perfunctory attention to the duties of his office.
The matter of the disposal of the mature timber in the forest reserves and other wooded sections of New Ontario is one of increasing urgency. In a speech made in February last, Mr.
Davis, with a great flourish of trumpets, announced that regulations were under consideration for
the disposal of this timber. They are presumably still "under consideration," and likely to remain so. Mr. Charlton is a much better type of politician. His practical experience
fits him well for the position, and his record of
public service is an honorable and straightforward one. But in the present state of public
sentiment as regards the moribund Ross administration he is hardly likely to have a fair chance
of showing his capacity as an administrator.
Trade Remarks.
Canadian exports of forest products are still
declining, the diminution being in the British demand. The returns of the Department of Commerce for August last show a decrease in the
shipments of unmanufactured wood as compared
with August, 1903, from $4,699,897 to $4,325737-
The decrease in the export to Britain is close on
half a million. The United States took $1,857,-
269 as against $1,700,992 in August, 1903. The
item of planks and boards shows total shipments
to the value of $1.5*5,431, as against $1,466,486 for
August of last year, the increase being in the
American demand while British requirements fell
off. An encouraging feature is that exports under this head to the Argentine Republic increased
from $70,880 to $111,312. Wood for wood pulp
was exported to the States to the extent of $323,-
409 as compared with $216,548 for August, 1903.
The figures for the manufactured article show a
similar expansion, being $3H,592 for last August
as against $224,386 for the corresponding month
last year. Furniture too increased from $20,727 to
$22,661. Importations of wood for the month
show a slight increase, the total value of all
wood and wooden manufactures brought in being $662,673 free and $217,223 dutiable as against
$7! 1,943 free and $203,538 dutiable for August,
T903. Now that the quadremimil political struggle is over it is to be hoped that the increased
home demand will result in less dumping of the
American surplus in this market.
The details of Canadian commerce for September have not yet been published, but according to
a general statement the dullness in lumber shipments to Britain is responsible for a further decline in the total exportations of forest products.
New Companies.
Among the joint stock companies incorporated
in Ontario last month, were the Brockville Lumber Co., Limited, head office Brockville, capital
$75,000, provisional directors, Van Renssellaer
Marshall, William H. Comstock, Samuel J.
Geash and Olson A. Fisher, all of Brockville, and
Hardwoods and Decorative Timbers
Railway Ties, Dock Building and Piles,
Our Iron Woods for Railway Ties
Australian Decorative Timbers are Unrivalled!
Agent for Canada and Washington :
P. 0. Box 909
Edward W. Rathbun, of Deseronto. The Barclay Hodgkins Lumber Co., head office Toronto,
capital $50,000, provisional directors, Chas. A.
Barclay and Caroline S. Barclay, of Pickering, Oscar Hodgkins, Ora Hodgkins and Howard Hodgkins, all of Wellandpon. The Leeds Lumber &
Power Co., Limited, head office Brockville, capital $40,000, provisional directors, James G. Gardner, Fremont B. Cossitt, Chas. T. Wilkinson, A.
G. Bowie and Robert A. Bowie, all of Brockville.
The Nipissing Lumber Co., Limited, has been
authorized to increase its capital from $40,000 to
Dull Season Apparently Does Not Affect Capitalisation of New Lumbering Concerns on
Puget Sound.—Outlook for the
Future.—Scarcity of Cedar
For Shingles.
Seattle, Nov. 21, 1904.—During the month of
October not less than 117 articles of incorporation were filed with the Secretary of State at
Olympia. This list includes increase in capital
stock and amendments. Among the list is, of
course, a large number of new logging and lumber companies, a correct list of which is hereby
attached:     The Spokane Eastern Lumber Co., by
F. B. Newton and E. L. Spencer, increased to
$25,000. Tenino Lumber Co., Tenino, by L. D.
Stone, A. D. Campbell and Walter Loveday, $15,-
000. Keys Shingle Co., Olpmpin, by F. P., F. A.
and Clarence E. Keyes, $8,000 Hines Mill Co.,
Edgecomb, by S. S. Kennedy and E. A. Hines,
$50,000. Duwamish Mill Co., Seattle, by J. A.
Izet, W. H. Metley and Geo. W. Baker, $3,000.
Bellevue Lumber Co., Seattle, by W. W. Green,
T. L. Kimball and J. R. Burch, from $25,000 to
$50,000. Pacific Mill Co., Seattle, by W. C. Harding, J. L. Yocum and John Graham, $12,000. Ballard Mfg. Co., Seattle, by F. E. and R. E. Nichols
and Earl Pooler, $5,000. Empire Mill Co., Seattle,
by same as above, $5,000. Three Lakes Lumber
Co., Three Lakes, by C. S. La Forge, Snohomish,
G. W. Maguire land G. L. Woodruff, Rockford,
111.. F. E. Woodruff and C. E. Guildford, Three
Lakes, amended, $400,000. N. S. Pratt Lbr. Co.,
Ltd.. Spokane, by J. D. Finley, N. S. Pratt and
R. B. Stack. Panel and Folding Box Co., Ho-
quim. by O. C. Fenlason and J. H. Sutthoff, increase from $150,000 to $300,000. Fidelity Lbr.
Co., Spokane, by B. L. and F. K. Willis and Geo.
Torrenson. $100,000. Vndhon Lumber Co., Seattle, by J. A. Murphy, J. W. Maitland and L. De-
laney^ $15,000. The Washington-Oregon Timber
and Land Co., Spokane, by G. Ott and C. F.
Wilde. $5,000.
Lumbermen in Politics.
The refusal of the railroads to gnant the lumbermen of this State the desired 40 cent rate to Mis- BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
; [
8   i
Fir, Cedar, Spruce
Both Clear
and Rough
We have a large
Stock on Hand of
E. G. Flooring
I-2 in. Ceiling, Drop Siding, Etc.
Shingles, Lath, Doors
...and Mouldings
We can Load
Mixed Cars
Hastings Saw   Mill, Vancouver Royal City Saw and Planing Mills, Vancouver
Moodyville Saw Mill, Burrard Inlet Royal City Saw and Planing- Mills, New Westminster
Factory Sleek
Base !
Casings |
Kiln Dried Cedar and Fir  Mouldings ♦
Jambs i
Finish j
I Dimension Lumber of all Kinds
Lir and Cedar
!♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦< ^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦* BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
I        E. H. HEAPS & CO.,
Lath, Shingles, Doors, Mouldings, Etc
Etc.   Douglas Fir Timber up to 85 feet in length.
X Cedar Bevelled Siding, Cedar Door and Sash Stock, cut to siie, Cedar Finish, Base, Casing, Newels, Balusters,
Cedar Gove Mill, Vancouver, B. 6.
Ruskin Mill, Ruskin, B. 6.
souri river points is the chief reason why the lumbermen have gone into politics in a solid body.
The voters of the State wko are dependent upon
the welfare of the lumber interests have been
asked to vote for Roosevelt and Mead. The association numbers about 400 members and these
in turn employ about 81,000 voters in their camps
and mills. The legislative candidates of :all parties have been asked to state what stand they take
on the question of protecting the lumber interests of the State and the members are being advised of the result. There is no doubt but that
the work of the lumbermen will have a telling
effect on the coming election. Victor IT. Beckman, Secretary of the Pacific Coast Lumber
Manufacturers' Association, has been especially
prominent in securing pledges from the candidates. He recently stated that the coming legislature would be overwhelmingly favorable to the
lumber interests.
the railroad companies to provide sufficient cars
to move the lumber crop. From Blaine to Portland the cry is: "More cars." The railroad companies are apparently doing their best, as empty
cars are being rushed to the Pacific coast, but it
has for more than 30 days been utterly impossible
to supply the mills with a sufficient number of
cars and as a consequence many mills have been
shut down at rather frequent periods. This car
shortage has, according to recent reports, had one
good result, it has raised the price of shingles a
few cents, and the demand is quite strong from
the east.
A Good Sign.
The local lumber situation is excellent at present, and many mills are behind with their orders.
The price, however, is not yet quite satisfactory,
but there are indications that a slight advance will
occur soon, if the strong local and foreign demand continues. The Panama canal will no doubt
absorb a large amount of lumber, and for obvious
reasons the bulk of this must come from the north
Pacific const. Portland and Columbia river men
are scheming to supply the demiand from the
canal by building huge rafts and towing them to
the south. Tt is a fact, however, that the cypress
forests, bordering on the gulf of Mexico, will be
called upon to supply a part of this demand. The
Federal Government and the railroads are still
good customers for lumber manufactured on Puget Sound, but the increasing operations in local
building, municipal improvement and renewed activity in mining is primarly responsible for the
heavy local demand.
That the east is also in need of western fir, cedar and shingles is best evidenced by the failure of
Logging Operations in Full Blast.
Logging is now in full blast all over the Sound
and new camps are opening up right along. The
price of fir logs are on the upward move, the
quotations being $7.50 to $8.50 a thousand feet for
tir logs; cedar logs are quoted at from $6 to $11.
Tt is reali?ed by milimen that the rivers are the
highways that must be guarded and protected in
order to get a prompt supply of logs. The Ka-
lama and Coweeman rivers have recently been
cleared and improved at an expense of more than
$100,000. A dam has been built iat a cost of $50,-
000; a boom costing $15,000 was put in at the
mouth of the river, and large rocks have been removed. This work has been done by the Ka-
lama Driving Co., and the result is that the river
will be raised three feet at its mouth. There are
many millions feet of yellow fir and cedar on
the banks of the river that can now be put in the
water at a very low cost.
Cedar Scarce.
Shingle mills located in the northeastern part of
the Sound country are somewhat alarmed over the
difficulty encountered in securing cedar. Many
of the milimen from Whatcom county complain
that it does not pay to operate mills and several
have experienced financial difficulties of late. The
reason for this is that the grade of shingles turned
out is very poor, so poor that it is difficult to find
a market for them. Wages are uniformly the
same whether a Standard quality of shingles is
turned out or whether a third or fourth grade is
made. It is therefore evident that such mills as
turn out unsalable, or at least almost unsalable,
goods, cannot exist very long. The woods are being searched in all directions for cedar, with but
little success. Old stumps have even been dug
out and manufactured into shingles. At many of
the smaller mills shingle bolts not more than 6
inches in diameter are being thankfully received
and cut up. With such conditions prevailing it
is no wonder that mills are changing hands at a
rapid rate and that many are unable to pay their
men. It is but a question of a short time when
the bulk of the shingles will be manufactured in
the counties on the west side of the Sound. A
fair supply of merchantable cedar timber still exists in Clallam county and on the slope bordering
upon the Pacific ocean. The mills at Seattle and
Ballard are now drawing their supply almost
wholly from these sources. Many have expressed
the opinion that it will in time become necessary
to secure raw material from British Columbia and
A Transfer of Interest.
The Puget Mill Co., one of the wealthiest and
most conservative lumber and mill concerns in
the State, has recently gone into the tug boat
business. The stock of the Puget Sound Tug
Boat Co. has just passed into the hands of this
syndicate, which is headed by Cyrus Walker, E.
G. Ames and Pope & Talbot. Disagreement
among the stockholders over the expensive management of the concern is said to be at the bottom of the transfer, which was negotiated last
month. Prior to the change the Puget Mill Co.
owned a large block of the stock and the balance
was therefore easily obtained. The Puget Mill
Co. will reorganize the concern and immediately
put it upon a paying basis. This will mean the
retirement of the present manager and    the ap-
0 10
pointment of a new one. In addition, the headquarters of the concern will be moved from Seat-
vie to  Port Gamble.
A New Departure in Wood Product.
Oregon is building a factory that is the only-
one of its kind in the United States. The plant
is located in Summerville and is owned and managed by Turner Oliver. It manufactures a fiber
and an oil from pine needles. The fiher is used
for stuffing mattresses and the oil utilized in the
manufacture of medicine. A powder is also produced which has a great value as an insect destroyer. The plant is building now and will start
operations about January i. The entire product
of the plant has been contracted to D. M. W.
Brune, of Alaska, and H, H. McCarthy, of Portland, for a period of five years. The operation
of the plant will be watched with a great deal of
interest in other parts of the country, as on its
success depends the erecti m of sinv'lar plants in
districts where the pine tree thrives,
"reasoning and preserving lumber
An American Form of Treatment.—The Kraetzer
Process, and the Powell Wood Process,
An English Form of Preservation.
The beauty and reliability of any lumber,  says
e  "American  Lumberman,"  depends    in    large
easure on the care exercised in curing it after
leaves the saw and the degree of perfection at-
ined corresponds very closely to the degree of
re exercised.     Drying lumber at this time has
en reduced to a science by the use of dry kilns
ich are in general use in all parts of the coun-
The dry kiln supplemented and supplanted
old process of allowing the mill product to be
red on the yard until the moisture it contained
evaporated.    The use of the dry kiln shortens
time for drying very materially and today it
a   necessary   auxiliary   to   every   w Iworking
ant.     Without   it   the   manufacturer   would   be
o   geatly   handicapped   as   to  interfere   seriously
ith bis  chances of securing and  retaining business.
It perhaps is unnecessary to elaborate on the
modern system of drying lumber, which is generally understood and appreciated by all manufacturers. A departure from the old customs and a
venture into a new and but partially explored field
has been made by Kraetzer, Fischer & Co., sash
and door manufacturers of South Chicago, 111.
This firm was not satisfied with the physical condition of a lot of material furnished its plant and
made a series of experiments with a view of drying lumber more thoroughly and more rapidly.
Some rather remarkable claims have been made
in regard to the system of drying lumber devised
by A. Kraetzer. oi the above firm. Briefly stated.
Mr. Kraetzer has perfected a process of steaming that permits him to subject the lumber to a
temperature of 250 to 300 degrees of heat in drying it. The process consists of two operations;
first, the steaming, which is the vital part of the
process, and second, removing the resultant moisture by means of dry air at the temperatures mentioned.
Tn describing the process Mr. Kraetzer, the originator, said:
Late last fall we received several carloads of
what was represented to be dry oak, but which
bad been piled but three months, as wc afterward
learned. This material was intended for work to
be turned out during the winter and early spring.
Tt was too green to risk putting it in our kiln, and
as it would have required a long time to dry it
and our facilities were limited we were strictly "up
against it." Several years ago T bad my first try
at this process, and failed, but at this juncture the
idea occurred to me again and after five or six
weeks experimenting on a small scale T had attained so much -success that T felt warranted in
putting in an apparatus large enough to handle
lumber in quantities. After a number of vexa
tious failures due to crudities in applying the pro
cess in a large machine, I found that we could
dry this partially air dried oak in seventy-two
hours. We found we secured better results with
oak piled three months than with older and drier
stock. Since that time we have dried upward of
50,000 feet of all kinds of lumber with excellent re
With each succeeding lot of lumber that came
from the kiln we noticed something new. The
oak is practically all one color and owing to the
high temperature employed it is so absolutely dry
that I2-inch test pieces cannot be shrunk to exceed [-16 oi an inch when laid on live steam pipes.
Another discovery was that the kiln-dried lumber
would swell but a trifle when submerged in water.
The grain would not raise and water would not
stain even the oak. We are drying inch oak in 00
to 72 hours, birch in 24 hours, poplar in 24 hours
and gum in 24 hours, all of this stock being what
is called shipping dry when we receive  it.
The results obtained with red oak treated in this
manner were illustrated in the cabinet department
of the firm, where a number of sideboards bad
been completed ready for finishing, The sides,
face, cornice and shelving were made of treated
wood anil the backs of the cases were made of
No. 1 clear red oak ceiling of good quality which
had been dried with the ordinary kiln but not
steamed. The difference in the color of the
treated and the ordinary wood was thus thrown
into contrast and the result showed to the advantage of the treated material, which was a rosy red,
uniform color, sufficiently so to warrant the supposition that all of the boards were sawed from
the same log. However, an examination showed
that some of the lumber was of coarse grain and
some of it very close and compact. The ceiling, on the other hand, varied very much in color.
It was also noticed on the ceiling that where the
Sander had worked against the grain there was a
slightly roughened surface which did not appear
under the same conditions in the treated wood,
the latter finishing perfectly smooth: also it was
noted there was no raising of the grain in the
treated wood but considerable on the ceiling.
Mr. Kraetzer drew particular attention to this
feature of the treated wood and its nonswelling
quality and mentioned a residence in Kenilworth
for which the firm had furnished the interior finish. Tt was necessary to finish the building in
quick order. Rock plaster was used, two days
biter the white coat was put "ii and the next day
the trim was put in place. This consisted of
mitred casing of oak. birch and gum. Lor two
weeks after the trim went into the building there
was a foot of water in tin- basement and no heat
in the building. This was in early April. The
beating plant was then started and a high temperature was maintained to dry out the house so that
it could be occuoied. An inspection thirty days
later showed that not a mitre joint had given way,
no casing or base had curled from the wall and
the grain bad not raised. Mr. Kraetzer says that
he can easily substantiate this. Continuing, be reported: "1 noticed early in the game that this
process straightened out to some extent lumber
that had been warped in air drying, especially
gum; also that no new checks or end splits appeared, and it struck me that the proper time for
applying the process would be when the lumber
comes green from the saw. Being far from a
saw mill the only thing to do was to have a car of
green lumber shipped in from the south. This
we did and upon its arrival we at once treated
portions of the various kinds of lumber and piled
them in the yard for air drying, with the results
as given in the subjoined table of weights showing the evaporation that took place in forty five
days. The weights are for a thousand feet and
the lumber was treated and piled for drying on
May 31:
May 31. June 14. June 30. July 15.
Quarter sawed white oak. 6.000 5,133 4,813 4,500
Plain sawed  red oak   . .   . .   5.813 4,625 4.250 4,093
Gum 5.813 4.333 3.50-2 3.250
Poplar 4,625 2,988 2.QI.3 2,038
Cypress 3,688 2,563 2,438 2,438
Tn considering the rapid reductions in weights
as given in the foregoing table the unfavorable
conditions during the time this lumber was piled
to dry should be given    attention.    While   there
was   a   comparatively   light   rainfall   in  June
weather  bureau  records  show    only    nine    c
days, the  remaining days being cloudy.     The
erage  temperature  during  the  month'was u.\
grees  and   the  average  humidity    at 7 a.  in
73.8 per sent and at 7 p. m. 67.85 per cent,  5]
ing the air contained 72.0 per cent of the moist
which it  is capable of containing without pre,
tation.     Weather of (his kind is extremely unl
orable  for evaporaton,  which makes the show
more remarkable than otherwise it would be.
It   will   be   seen   from   the   table   given   that   tl
actual weights of the various kinds of lumber t'
ed at  the end of the 30-day period were about in
line with the recognized estimated basis at win 'a
the  various woods are  shipped.
The plain oak. which at the end of thirty da, -
weighed 4.-'50 pounds, appeared to be thorougl
seasoned and was in a condition which a manui 1
turer would term shipping dry. On July 15 the
weight had been reduced from 4,250 to 4.093. ami
a similar or even greater reduction is noted in
every instance. The lumber Used in making these
experiments was of full thickness, ranging from
1  1 -10 to 1   1 S inches.
Quarter sawed lumber, as every one knows who
has occasion to handle it, seasons more slowly
than the plain sawed material, which is accounted
for by the tact that the pores of the wood are not
so disposed as to permit the rapid expulsion of
the   moisture  contained.
From an investigation by a representative of
the "American Lumberman" of the lumber that
had been subjected to the process it appeared that
the tendency t" warp had been materially lessened, The treated gum did not show as good re-
stilts as the other material with which experiments had been made, although there was a marked improvement over that which had not been
subjected to the process. Mr. Kraetzer stated
that the gum should have received and would
stand a treatment about twice as long as that
given it. The fact of special importance connected with seasoning lumber by the steaming
process is that after being so treated it will not
blue or stain, and apparently has became perfectly sterilized and no longer subject to the fungus
growth which on the pari of gum lumber has
hampered the manufacturers of such products,
Samples of birch, cyr/ress, gum and poplar that
have been run through the dry kiln immediately
after being given the steaming treatment are on
exhibition at the Kraetzer, Fischer & Co. establishment. Iii regard to the use of the dry kiln
Mr. Kraetzer said that green poplar could be perfectly kiln dried inside of twenty-four hours and
that other hardwoods, with the exception of oak.
can  be dried  in  the  same  length  of tune.
Mr. Kraetzer intimated that he did not think
green oak could be kiln dried with satisfactory
results until it had been partially air dried after
being treated but had not given it up. It is not
at the present time intended to emphasize this
method of treating lumber as an auxiliary to the
dry kiln. The concern which has organized the
process desires t" introduce it as a part of the
regular saw null equipment, the entire product ot
the mill to be subjected to the steam process be
tore being piled in the yard.     It would    appear
from the foregoing table that the time required
for seasoning the lumber can be reduced to a remarkable degree, which would make the cost of
seasoning the lumber much less than at the present time and would more than compensate tin-
expense incident to caring for the mill product I
this manner.
The process originated by Mr. Kraetzer is fully
protected by an application for patent of which
the apparatus forms a part.
One of the most  apparent  of the advantages
secured  is that  lumber  seasoned  in  this    nianii''
no longer is subject   to excessive    checking    an
end splitting.    The fact that all of the injurious
substances  in   the   wood  are     neutralized    at   '
time  is  the  reason   that   the    checking    and    '
splitting are avoided.     It is on the principle n
killing  the   sap  that   the  old   time  wagon     mak<
threw his hubs in the mill pond and allowed them
to remain there for months.     Hubs so treated d
not check.
A   careful  examination   of  the  lumber  brougn BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
The Rat Portage Lumber Go'y, Limited
P. O.  BOX 778
Building Material of all Kinds Delivered Promptly.    Hardwood in Car Lots.
Thomas Kirkpatrick
Daily Capacity, 250,000
Head Office and Mill, HASTINGS, B. G.
Orders Solicited and Correspondence
Promptly Attended to
Telephone B 1425
"SHAY" Locomotive
Specially  designed for HEAVY  GRADES and SHARP
CURVES, in railroad, logging and mining operations.    This Company also manufacture
Direct-Gonnected Locomotives, Steel Dump Cars,
Gray Iron Castings, Etc.
Locomotives, Second-Hand—all kinds
Logging Truck-, Rails, Track Material
Iron and Steel—all shapes and kinds
Machinery.   Pig Iron.   Cast Iron Pipe.
Eye Beams, Channels, Structural Steel,
all shapes, Plates, Etc.
72-74 Dexter Horton Building,
512 Chamber of Commerce,
The Menz Lumber Co.
26 Merchants Bank Building, WINNIPEG, MAN.
British Columbia Red Cedar Shingles AT^uSfSuS
Unlimited Capacity for filling orders promptly for all kinds of Lumber, including Hardwoods and Maple flooring
Write us for Special Quotations whenever in the Market 12
out the fact that there was a notable absence of
seasoning defects and when it is remembered that
oak and other kinds of hardwoods deteriorate
considerably in qualiay by reason of checking and
splitting, the advantages of the now process are
apparent. Another advantage secured by this
method ol seasoning is in securing lumber thai
will not stain. This is due to the fact that the
fermenting particles are removed from the wood,
the moisture remaining being pure water and non-
fermenting properties. When red oak is treated
a transfusion oi the coloring particles is produced
and an almost even distribution takes place, so
that it is difficult to tell where the heart and sap
join. It is claimed that if the process were prolonged the wood would become bleached, the coloring being entirely removed, but that if carried
on for a proper length of time the result is
merely to even up the color as stated. Red oak
treated in this manner is susceptible of a very high
finish and makes a beautiful showing by reason of
the uniformity of the color.
Mr. Kraetzer stated that his deductions with regard to the advisability of treating lumber at the
saw were more than verified and that he is -urc
inch southern oak can be air dried to 3.800
pounds in sixty days and that the color will be a
uniform rosy red.
The cost of treatment by this process is nominal.     A  machine  to  handle 40,000    feet    in     ton
hours can be installed for less than $2,500 and two
men can operate it.     In addition to the operators
would be the cost of piling on a truck with cross
pieces and unloading after treatment.     This is the
size of the machine at the Kraetzer, Fischer & Co.
establishment, which is supplied with steam from
60-foot boiler which also runs the plant, and it
as not been found necessary to enlarge the boiler
It is claimed that in return for the installation of
cilities of this character the manufacturer will
duce the time required for seasoning the lumber
e-third of that ordinarily  required    and    that
ere will be an added profit due to the improved
uality of the output and an elimination of a crop
defects now incident to seasoning lumber.     It
IS upon these advantages  that the  originator    of
the steam seasoning process bases his claim for
recognition.     All the inventor asks is that he be
allowed the opportunity to demonstrate what actually can be accomplished.     The gentleman certainly has  demonstrated  that he  has evolved    a
method of drying lumber which entitles him to a
hearing by those who have the advancement    of
the lumber business and growth of their pocket-
books at heart.
Viewing the matter from another standpoint, it
is possible that Mr. Kraetzer has solved the problem which has been uppermost in the minds of the
hardwood manufacturers for many years—a way
by which hardwood lumber may rapidly be seasoned and without danger of the ends splitting or
The Powell Wood Process.
We referred at some length, says the Timber
Trades Journal, in the early part of last year to
the process of seasoning timber by sugar, invented by Mr. William Powell, a Liverpool sugar
refiner, who, during the course of business, noticed
the absence of dry rot and the indestructibility
of the fibres of the sugar cane, and decided to
make experiment1- on ordinary wood with a solution of sugar. The experiments Mr. Powell made
satisfied him that timber could be seasoned and
preserved in a few days from the time of felling
by means of this process. The outcome of these
experiments was that a syndicate was formed,
known as The Powell Wood-Process Syndicate^
Ltd., with offices at Temple Bar House, 28, Fleet
Street, London, E.C., and works at Carpenter's
Road, Stratford, London, E, At the invitation
of Mr. E. T. Scammell, the secretary of the syndicate, we, in company with a number of press
representatives, had the pleasure on Tuesday last
of a look round the Stratford works, where, we
saw a large collection of samples id various kinds
of wood sent by many of the leading linns in the
timber and other trades, to be " Powelli/ed." and
which were laid side by side with pieces from the
same plank, but which had not been treated, and
judging by the samples shown the wood, so far
from receiving any injury in the process, appears
to be distinctly improved, the very slight darkening of the color which take-; place in some kinds
of wood, merely serving to show the grain to bet
ter advantage. The treatment oi the timber as
carried out at the Stratford works is briefly a-- fol
The timber is tir-t laid upon trucks and so
packed that the saccharine solution may have tree
access to each piece. The trucks are then run to
a trolley, which carries them from the loading
stage to the process cylinder, where the wood is
first boiled in a compound saccharine solution,
whereby the latent air i» driven out and the al
bumen of the sap coagulated; it is then allowed
to coed in the solution until sufficiently impregnated, and finally it is dried at a high temperature,
'flu- process cylinder, at present in use, is some
30 ft. m length, and over 0 ft. in diameter, whilst
the front is fitted with a massive iron door raised
by pulleys. The loaded trucks are run into this
cylinder on rails, and are fastened down in order
to prevent the timber from floating in the solution. When the cylinder i- full the door i- hermetically sealed  by strong clasps.
The interior of the cylinder is surrounded with
closed pipe-, answering the double purpose of
heating the solution by steam and afterwards cooling it by water. Suitable Storage tanks are pro-
vided for holding various qualities of liquor, corresponding with the class of timber to be processed, and connecting these tank- with the
cylinder are a series of pipes with valve-, and two
centrifugal pumps are employed for dealing with
the syrup and circulating cold water. On a line
with the front of the cylinder are the drying
chamber-, heated by a Blackman's stove, from
which the air is forced by a 48 inch fan through
the ducts leading into the chamber-, and each
chamber has a 36 inch circulating fan. and can be
heated or cooled independently. A 35 h. p, horizontal engine supplies the necessary power to
drive the pump-, fan-, etc., whilst a Lancashire
boiler supplies the required steam for both engine
and process cylinder.
We understand that the plant is simple and inexpensive, and that the cost of the whole process
compares most favorably with that of other
method- of preserving and seasoning timber. 1 he
system is applicable to every kind of timber,
whether used for railway sleepers and paving
blocks, or for the finest cabinet work, and by it
all the valuable qualities of wood are said to be
greatly enhanced, whilst green, newly-felled timber can be prepared ready for use immediately
it is cut down.
We understand arrangement- can be made with
the Powell Wood-Process Syndicate, Ltd., for
permission to use the "Powell" system, so thai
the timber can be treated right on the spot when
once the plant and machinery required are laid
down, and that the cost of this plant is not at all
large, whilst the cost of treating the wood compares very favorably wih any existing process.
Timber Preserving Experiments.
The U, S.  Bureau of    Forestry    has    recently
signed an  agreement   to make extensive    timber
seasoning tests in two Western States, in co op
eration with  two telegraph and  telephone  com
panics.    Experimental stations will be located at
Marinette, Wis., and Escanaba, Mich.: and probably a third  station  will be established  al   Ash
land, Wis.     The expense of the experiment- will
be borne jointly by the  Bureau and the companies.     Cedar  and  tamarack  telephone    and     telegraph poles will be furnished by the State of Wisconsin   free   of  cost,   and  two   railroad  companies
have agreed to haul them to the experiment  stations without charge for freight.
The object of the experiments is to 'letermine
how many years can be added to the life of each
pole by proper seasoning. Since million- Upon
millions of poles are used along telegraph and
telephone lines, even one year'- extra service for
each pole will amount to a tremendous saving in
expense. Unseasoned cedar pole, la-t from twelve
to fifteen years. Seasoning experiments have
shown how to increase this time by three or four
years, and it is now expected to improve on this
increase.      Past   methods   of   seasoning  hav<
fected a drying weight of the poles,    The '   ■
seasoned   the   poles,   the   less  chance   there
decay, which is promoted by moisture.
Such  experiments  are  of large  importance
only   to   telegraph   and   telephone   compaun
to all  users of heavy  timbers which come in 1
tact  with the ground, at  which line decay gel
its most  deadly work.     It  is believed that
greater economies can be secured by the us
proper  methods  of preservative   treatment
latter   is   a  subject   which   the   Bureau  of   Fon
has tor some time been investigating, as set f
m us bulletin No. 4!, "Seasoning of Timber'
other  publications.     Further    bulletins    ,;,
with different aspects of the same problem v.
issued  later.
I  r
Since  the  lire  which  destroyed   the  Kami    ps
mill, owned by the Kamloops 1,umber Co.,
tew weeks ago, negotiations have been going on
between   the   Lumber   Co.   and   the   City   G
"i   Kamloops towards the securing of a site for
the erection ot a modern mill to replace the old
one.     These   negotiations   resulted   in   the    1 ty
securing   for  the  Company   the  foreshore  1
owned  by  the   Shuswap   Milling  Co,  whicl
allow   ample   facilities   for   the   better  handlin       [
logs as  they  come down  the  river,  while  thi      te
for the new  null is 011  the south side of the C   P,
R,  track about   too yards west  of the old 1      -
conveyor.      flu   h>gs   m   the   river   will  be  conveyed t" the north end >>i the null building, a
tance  ot   250  feet, by  a jack ladder,  placed in a
sub way  under the railway  tracks.
fhe mill will in every respect be new, and will
be fully equipped with all the most modern labor-saving appliances. It is estimated that the
plans and equipment will involve an expenditure
1 <\ $75,000. The capacity of the mill running full
time   will   be   20,000,000  annually.
According t" Mr C \A Kendall, the C ■:n-
pany's constructing millwright, the mill building
is to be 136x30 feet; the planer shed 60x60 feel
and the boiler house 36x50 feet, 'fhe Waterous
Engine Co., oi Brantford, will supply the machinery, consisting of a double cutting band-saw,
steam roller, -team nigger, automatic lumber
transfers and a slash table. This hist 1- a recent
device, having 16 -aws for cutting edgings auto
matically  into   id inch  length?
WO    12,s
engines drive all the machinery in the" main building and the planer shed. In the latter will be installed a heavy planer, a moulding sticker, a
lightning fast feed flooring machine and a re saw,
'fhe steam power is to lie furnished from a battery of three [25 II. 1'. boilers. The saw and
planing mills will be equipped with refuse con-
Nay irs and bhiwers.
The commencement of the laying of the foundation was made a public function bv the AUIer-
manic Board of Kamloops on Thursday, 3rd inst.
The Directors of the East Kootenay Lumber
Company held their .annual meeting last month
and elected officers as follows:
A. Leitch, President and Managing Director
V  Moffat. Secretary Treasurer.
The Directors for the ensuing year are J
Miles, Portage la Prairie; .! Mundie, Montreal;
T. Moffat, Card-ton; George and A. K. Leitch,
Cranbrook. Messrs. Moffat. Mundie and Miles
were at the meeting and made a visit to the pi>'
of the Company at Jaffray and Ryan before returning   east.
The   Provincial   Government,  through    its  in
spectors,   has   been   taking   stringent   means
I'vvi-'i.-',       iKia       iivkii       uiimii^       .-ii«"f-,v  .
wards the collection of timber dues, and some "'
these mill men who overlooked the necessitj ol
making regular returns have had unpleasant reminders within the past few weeks by personal
visitations of the Sheriff. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
[jxxxisixxxixxiixxixiixxxxxxixilixixxixxriiixxxnxxinxxixxiix CXXXZZ1
I z) rovincial Cyi\torn>atJoi> I
Mr. Robert Gaw, of Grand Forks, B. C., is
erecting a planing mill and factory in connection
with his lumber yard at that point.
Pacific Coast Pipe Co., Ld.
tixixxaxxx::xxxxxxixnxxixxixxx ::ixxixixxixxxixx::ixxxxxxixxixix: :xxxxx!
The  Fernie Lumber Go's, mill has been closed
down  for the season.
The Fernie City Council contemplate installing
a water works system and will draw their supply
from Fairy Creek a distance of about three miles
from Fernie.
VANCOUVER,    -    B. C.
A saw mill plant has been added to the shingle
mill a mile south of Morrissey.
P. O Box 683
Telephone 1494
A. G. McKay is moving his saw mill at Poplar
Creek to  East Kootenay, near  Fernie.
Pearson & Jewett give the costomary notice of
their intention to remove obstructions from Sand
and McBayne Creeks, in East Kootenay, to make
said creeks available for driving.
Manufacturers of
The British Barque, Poltalloch, has arrived at
Chemainus to load  lumber for Melborune.
The Elk Lumber Co. has bought over 500 tons
of machinery in St. Paul for the new mill near
A boom containing over 600,000 feet of the finest spruce was brought to Vancouver a few
weeks ago from the Port Renfrew's camps on
Vancouver Island, for use in Vancouver mills.
The Fernie Lumber Company's cut (luring the
past season is given at about seven million feet
of lumber.
The Marysville Lumber Company, in which
Messrs. Wallace and Manahan, of Fernie, were
the largest stockholders, has been sold to Otis
Staples, together with all the limits, plant and
The Kamloops Lumber Co. is shipping a car
and a half a day to the Territories from its mill
at Enderby.
Mr. Ernest Harrop, the pioneer millman of
Poplar, speaks very enthusiastically of the prospects of his section.
Messrs. Wm. Long and Silver, of Peachland,
B. C, are erecting a saw mill at that place with a
capacity of 25,000 per day. The Waterous Engine Co., of Brantford, is supplying the machinery.
Mr. George Hooper has retired from the firm
of Hooper Bros., lumbermen and saw mill owners at Duncans, B. C.
Fire did considerable damage to the sash and
door factory of McMillan & Pound, of Sandon,
B. C, last week, when a large quantity of goods
and machinery was destroyed. There was no
The Columbia River Lumber Company's mills
at Beaver closed down this month for the season
and the men have been paid off.
Lennon & Gonnoson, of Victoria, B. C, are
making heavy and regular shipments from this
mill and factory to the Northwest.
Savonas, on the main line of the C. P. R., at
the western end of the Shuswap lakes, is said to
offer ideal mill sites, and several prospective mill
men have been looking into its possible advantages within the past few weeks.
The McNab Lumber Company will move their
Machine Banded
Wire Wound
Wooden Stave
Water Pipe
For City and Town Water Systems, Tire
Protection, Power Plants, Hydraulic Mining, Irrigation, Etc.
mill from Mayook to Fort Steele Junction for the
purpose of cutting up a quantity of timber
through'which a fire ran this summer, The mill
will be moved some time next month.
Messrs. Proctor and McDougall, of the Fernie
Lumber Co. of Fernie, have opened a lumber yard
Engines and Boilers
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We tn a n u fact ure
Marine Boilers of all
kinds as well as Horizontal Boilers as shown
in cut.
Our Marine and
Stationary Engines are
decidedly highest grade
and our Ships, Yachts
and Tugs have everywhere given the utmost
We know we can
give you first-class
work and solicit a
chance to quote you.
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The  only Waterproof   Leather   Belt  that
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"Neptune," Waterproof
"Special Planer," also Waterproof
4ny one of the above, if adapted to work required, is
"OWL" BELT, adapted for Planers, Dynamos, Blowers and Shingle Machines
"LIVE OAK" BELT, main drive and heavy work
"RELIANCE" BELT, general Saw Mill Machinery
CDf f| 41 TIFC ■ "HUXLEY VALVES"   the best and cheapest on the market, Blacksmith Coal, Babbit Metals,
0ILIJ/U.IIL0 . sterling Emery Wheels, Stack Paint, Mill and fire Hose, Asbestos Coverings       .'
Flooring,      Ceiling,
Ship Lap and
all kinds of
Cedar, Pine, Fir, Spruce and Hemlock Products
at Calgary and will establish a planing mill and
factory there. The yard and factory will be \m-
der the supervision of Mr. W. McKinnon.
Messrs. Grant & Mounce, of Cumberland, have
lately placed a saw dust fan in their mill, so that
the planer and moulding machine will be kept
automatically clear of dust. The plant is manufactured by the Globe Engineering Co., S. F,
Mr. Peter Lund, Manager of the Crow's Nest
Pass Lumber Co., evidently pins his faith to
South-East Kootenay. He is advertising for
sale or exchange his residence in Spokane, for
farm lands, timber lands or city property in East
Messrs. Bryden & Gordon, whose portable mill
was destroyed by fire, have decided to erect a mill
of 25,000 capacity at Salmon Arm, on the Salmon
river. They are securing the latest type of machinery through Mr. II. 11. Gilmour, of the W'ater-
ous Engine Co.
Possibly in view of the commencement next
spring of railway construction in East Kootenay,
it is reported that there is very great activity in
the lumber camp adjacent to Lake Windermere,
and that a great deal of good work will be done
during the winter.
The mill at Quatsino. west coast of Vancouver
Island, has closed down for the winter. This
mill has made a name for itself in the excellent
quality of spruce which it has turned out this
summer. A large quantity of its product has
found its way to the Northwest.
Mr. I). V. Mott, since selling out his lumber interests in and adjacent to Fernie, has recently
returned from an extended trip East, and has
again established himself in Fernie, He has opened up a general agency office, with lands,
loans,  timber limits,  insurance, etc.
A syndicate owning extensive limits on Evans
Creek, six miles from Slocan, are getting their
plans in shape for the erection of a milling plant
at the mouth of that creek. It is their intention
to have their mill up and to be manufacturing
lumber and shingles by next April.
A big gang of men is busily employed in the
erection of the new mill being built at Kamloops
for the Kamloops Lumber Co. Mr, J. C. Shields,
the local Manager for the Company, reports that
construction and equipment will be rushed so as
to enable the Company to commence operations
early next April.
Invitation have been issued for the marriage
of Miss Caroline Bertha Moss and Mr. \V. F.
Gurd. the popular Secretary of the Mountain
Lumber Manufacturers Association. The wedding will take place on the 30th inst. at Christ
Church, Cranbrook.
The proposed electric tramway to run between
Chilliwack and New Westminster is now almost
sure to become an accomplished fact. A meeting of the principal land owners of the Chilliwack and adjoining municipalities was held last
week and the undertakings of the Company were
unanimously  endorsed.
The St. Mary's River Saw mill, located at
Marysville, was totally destroyed by fire last
month. The loss is estimated at $3,000, on which
there was $2,000 insurance. The mill was formerly owned by the Laurie Lumber Company,
and was bought out by several parties and the
name of the Company changed.
According to the Kamloops "Standard" Mr. E.
F. Ferris, of Traverse City. Mich., and associates,
will shortly erect a modern lumber mill on the
Shuswap lake between Kamloops and Savonas.
The syndicate, represented by Mr. Ferris, has
taken up some 10,000 acres of timber land on the
North Thompson and recently despatched a survey party and cruiser to the limits.
Late reports announce that a large cargo
shipping mill will be erected in the near
future upon Clayoquot Sound, on the west
coast of Vancouver Island. Washington capital is said to be backing the proposition. Limits have been acquired in the vicinity of Kennedy Lake. Mr. W. C. Sehultz is in charge of
the preparatory work. A large amount of
money will be spent on the preliminary work,
surveys, etc.
Though the building season is about over in
Manitoba and the Northwest Territories, says the
"Colonist," there is still a considerable demand
for lumber from that section and shipments arc
constantly going forward from the Leal mills.
The Sawyard Company has in hand a large share
of this business, taking full advantage of the excellent facilities which now exist to ship in carload luts. It is anticipTted that the business thus
being built up between island mills and the Northwest will assume enormous dimensions.
The Cranbrook Sash & Door Factory, of which
Mr. C. A. Gaskill was manager, has been sold to
Messrs. H. A. McCowan, Albert Slater, A. S.
Nicholson, J. 11. Spence and William Slater. The
business will be carried on under the firm name
of the Cranbrook Sash & Door Co., Ltd. The
partners in the old concern have formed another
Company under the name of the Kimberley
Milling and Manufacturing Co., Ltd. and will engage in the saw mill business at Kimberley, R.
C, about the first of the year.
The logging operations of the new Elk River
Lumber Co. are under the superintendence of
F. G. Waters, who has had many years' experience in Michigan forests. Mr. Waters states
that the timber tributary to this camp would cut
about eighteen million feet. This timber is all
to be taken to the mill on sleighs. A large camp
will be established six miles up Elk River, where
the large bulk of each season's demand will be
cut and floated down the river. During the time
each year that this timber is not available the
mill will draw on the reserve.
J. A. Magee, of Revelstoke, has been receiving congratulations from his friends, says the
"Kootenay Mail," on having put through another
large timber deal, having sold to Messrs. McGoldrick and Lammers the timber limits on Adams
River in which he was interested with Messrs.
Kinman and J. B. McKenzie. The transaction is
an important one, in that it involves large considerations and means the opening up of a virgin field for lumbering. Messrs. McGoldrick and
Lammers have evidently great faith in the future
of the lumber industry in this Province, as they
also hold extensive limits on the Duncan River
and intend putting in a large saw mill at Nelson
to handle the lumber from these limits. The
purchase on Adams River embraces 43 miles of
timber, thus establishing another industry in that
Tt is reported that a Company to be known as
the Mundy Lumber Co., of Bradford, Tenn.,
will build and operate a mill at Three Valley
Lake, in the Eagle Pass, t? miles from Revelstoke. on the main line of the C. P. R. Mr.
Mundy, of Bradford, is President of the Company,
and will visit the district shortly to complete all
arrangements for building the mill and installing
the plant. E. R. Schoonmaker, the Manager, is
getting a gang of men at work clearing out Three
Valley Creek in readiness for floating logs, and
will start next week the erection of a logging
camp on that creek. The Company will later
put in a logging railway to handle the logs towards the Spallumcheen and Mabel Lake. Mr.
S. A. Mundy and other gentlemen associated with
him spent several weeks in the Province last
spring looking into the conditions of the timber
trade. Mr. Mundy advised us that his Company
owned some very valuable timber limits and that
the natural facilities for getting logs to the mill
on Three Valley Lake are excellent.
jmmtii niKIimixxa XXXXl :xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx]:xxxxxxxxb
I Uar>oouVer Cx Uicii\it^ g
The ship "Guerveur" is chartered to load lumber at Chemainus.
Vancouver building permits    issued    for    the
month  of October  totalled  $120,620.
Mr. Robert Grant, of Grant & Mounce, Cumberland,  was  a  visitor  to  the  city  last  week.
Messrs. Woods and Spicer have closed down
their shingle mill till the beginning of the coming year.
Mr. J. Gcnelle, manager of the Yale-Columbia
Lumber Co., of Nakusp, is visiting Vancouver
on business.
VV. H. Cushing, of Cushing Rros., lumber
manufacturers of Calgary and Edmonton, is a
visitor to Vancouver.
Mr. J. C. Shields, manager of the Kamloops
Lumber Co., of Kamloops, spent several days in
Vancouver this month.
J. F. Cook, manager of the Abbotsford Lumber Co., spent a few days in Vancouver this
month, en route to the St. Louis Fair.
Two loggers named Angus McLeod and Wade
Johnson were drowned in Johnstone Straits this
month by the capsizing of their boat.
The Schaake Machine Works, of New Westminster, is constructing some special machinery
for the Nanaimo Sawmill, owned by Mr. Andrew
The new brick boiler house of the Royil City
Planing Mills at New Westminster which has
been under way for some time, is now completed
and in use.
The local sawmill at Sardis, B. C, has recently
been purchased by Mr. Jacob Zink, and the demand for the product of the mill is keeping the
new owner busy.
Mr. E. C. Mahoney, manager of the Royal
City Planing Mills branch of the B. C. T. & T.
Co., recently received a British patent on his
"ready made" house
The A. J. Burton Saw Works, Ltd.,. of this
city, report a generous response to the call for
the sale of an extra issue of stock. The major
portion of this issue has been subscribed for locally.
Mr. George W. Campbell has resigned from
the managership of the Vancouver branch of the
Rat Portage Lumber Co., and has been succeeded by Mr. J. F. McRae, late of the Harrison
River bra..ch of the  same <    • pany.
A. B. Cowan, president of Cowan & Co., manufacturers of wood working machinery of Gait,
Out., is visiting the Coast in the interests of the
firm. He reports business conditions in Manitoba and the Territories as very prosperous.
The Naval Store Department at Esquimalt
was calling for tenders for the lumber requirements of the naval yard for 1905. The quantity
was not very large, being roughly 30,000 fee*,
consisting of fir, spruce, cedar and California
red wood.
The Small & Bucklin Lumber Co., Ltd, are
making the usual application to the Lieutenant-
Governor-in-Coimcil for permission to make improvements in I'pper Pitt River for the purpose
of rendering same navigable for the driving and
rafting of logs.
A logger named Fred Hume was brought into
Vancouver early this month from one of the up-
coast logging camps  suffering from paralysis. Hi
The B. C. Mills, Timber & Trading Co., report
the following vessels to arrive at their mill to
load lumber:
Ger. Barque "Pallas. Am. Schr, "Balboa." Br.
Barque "County of Dumfries." Nor. Ship "Nord-
stjernen."    Br. Ship "Nelson,"
age of hemlock lands, and is now engaged in lo
eating its holdings,
II. O'Connor, of Winnipeg, lumber inspector
for the C. P. R., is a guest at the Hotel Vancouver. It was among Mr. O'Connor's duties to see
that retailers in the Northwest complied with the
lumber price schedule arranged by the railway
company   last   spring.
The Gutta Percha and Rubber Manufacturing
Co., of Toronto, Ltd.. are establishing a branch
of their business in Vancouver on Hastings street
west. No. 160, where they intend carrying full
lines of their famous rubber belting. Mr. A. G.
McKenny  will  be  in  charge.
'fhe Cascade Lumber Co., of this city, operating a shingle mill on False Creek, has recently
been purchased by Mr. W, L. Tait, <A Vancouver, The mill has been closed for some time
and it is not likely operations will be resumed
until  market conditions improve.
The Vancouver Lumber Co., of Vancouver,
have just completed a new office building on
their premises, which will be one of the best
equipped in the city. The company have very
materially increased their yard room and are
ow carrying large stocks of all grades of lumber.
Messrs. J.  V. McGoldrick and G. A. Lammers,
Minnesota, accompanied by their wives, have
;en  making  a  tour  of   B.  C.   and  Sound  cities
Us month.    These gentleman have become iden-
ied with some of the most extensive lumbering
terests in the interior of the Province.
Messrs.   Letson   &   Burpee,  of  Vancouver,  are
gliding a new foundry in the rear of their pres-
nt premises.    They are also extending their ma-
Bine shop 52 feet  and placing in  a new 72 inch
'Brake  Lathe."  wdiich   will  take  23  feet  between
centres.    Mr.  F. W.  Burpee, general manager, returned on  the  2ist inst.  from  a  business  trip  to
San  Francisco.
Mr. W. Flumerfelt, late of the Schaake Machine Works, of New Westminster, is erecting
a cedar mill at Tynehead, near New Westminster, with a capacity of 10.000 feet per day. which
he expects will be in operation early next month.
The Schaake Machine Works is making machinery of special design for this mill.
The death occurred on the 2nd instant of Mr.
Herbert Wilkinson at his residence,, 1825 Powell
sweet. -His demise was due to a severe attack
o, typhoid fever, he having ..nly been ill for a
short time. The deceased was secretary of the
A. J. Burton Saw Works, and had resided in the
city for the last two years. He leaves a widow
and young son  to mourn his  death.
Mr. John Urquhart, late of the Urquhart Mill,
Vancouver, returned to his former home at
Courtnay, B. C. It is reported that he will start
a saw mill on his old site at Courtnay.
Mr. Urquhart and associates recently sold their
mill, known as the Vancouver Lumber Co., Ltd.,
to Messrs. Clarke & Tucker, of Texas, U. S.
The local business in Vancouver, in as far as
the British Columbia Lumber & Shingle Manufacturers' Association is concerned, is in much
the same condition as when we last reported it.
There seems to be no immediate prospect of the
manufacturers coming together towards settling
their individual grievances, with the result that
the market is getting the benefit of their differences. 	
Mr. N. Humphreys and party of Vancouver
have left for Alberni. where they will survey
hemlock claims for the Fraser River 'fanning
Co., of New Westminster, in the neighborhood
of the Alberni canal and Nahmint river. The
company has obtained the privilege from the
Provincial Government to take up a certain acre-
The Blackmail Ker Milling Co. have purchased
property in New Westminster, and are about to
erect there a grain elevator of large capacity
and thoroughly modern in its facilities for hand
ling and storage, There is already railway connection with tin- property by means ot a sidetrack, and with a whart 011 the river there will
be the best possible facilities for receiving and
shipping the gran.
Logging conditions are assuming a more favorable tone, but there is still sufficient log- in
the water to supply present demand. It has
been reported that there was a considerable rise
in price and that the present available supply was
only 10,000,000 feet. Investigation shows that
there is over three times that amount and that
the ruling prices, royalty paid, tor flooring logs
$7.50; merchantable, $0.00. and rough, $4.00 per
1,000  feet. 	
'fhe Hazelmere I.umber Company's dry kiln
was totally destroyed by tire on the oth inst., together with a stock of shingles worth $2,000.
There was no insurance on the stock, but the
kilns were covered to the extent of $1,500, 'fhe
tire was of incendiary origin, as two previous
attempts  had   been   made   to     wreck     the     plant,
122 Wellington Street, West
We sell any article that is required by
Railway Contractors or Lumbermen, no matter what it is.
We   ship mixed car lots
Mitts,    Moccasins,    Shoe   Packs,    Larriga   s,
Pants, Underwear, Chain, Rope, Axes,
Saws, Axe Handles, Pork, Ham,
Bacon, Lard, Butter, Tea.
We are the only House in Canada that
furnishes you complete under one roof
though   unsuccessfully,     'fhe   owner,   Mr.   I.
Wright,  has   had  considerable   trouble  with
labor  unions   and  to  them  he  attributes  tin
of  his  null.     He  will  not  rebuild.
Date. Name and  Rig. Tons.  Destination.
Jan.   17—French   ship   Andre   Theodore..1   1875 I Cardiff,  I'.   K |
17—British ship  Eskasoni    '   1715    Sydney,   N.   S.  W i
27—German  ship   Chile    I  2054   Callao !
29— British   steamer   Peleus     4S00    Kobe, Japan   	
5—British  steamer  Aorangi    |   27X2  'Sydney |
6—British steamer Tydeus    !  4800   Japan j
Mar. 14—German   ship   Adolph    j   1651    Iquique    j
23—British  bark  Linlithgowshire   ...j   1357  'Freemantle !
4—British steamer Miowera   ;   1888   Suva,   Fiji    I
14—British  steamer  Ping  Suey   !  4150    Kobe,  Japan    j
31 — British  steamer  Moana    j  2414    Suva, Fiji !
Apr.    8—British  ship   Agamemnon    j Hongkong    |
18—British  bg.  Sussex         1212    Sunderland.   Eng !
28—British   ship   Belford    |   1771    Sydney,   N.   S.   W j
29—British  steamship  Aorangi    | Suva, Fiji    i
30—British  steamship  Ningchow   ...j IKobe,  Japan    j
30—British  steamship  Ningchow   ...I | Hongkong    I
3—Am. schooner Lottie Bennett ...'    490   Junin,'Chile    I
7—Am. schooner Americana   !    839  Osaka. Japan   	
27—British steamer Miowera  	
31 — British steamer Hyson   	
31 — British steamer Hyson   	
31—British steamer Hyson  	
June 24—British  ship  Manuka   	
24—British ship Calchas 	
27—British ship Tartar 	
30    British ship County of Kinross..
July 20   -British barque   Donna   Franccsca
20—British str. Aorangi   	
■   22—British str.  Stentor   	
22—British str. Stentor   	
22    British str. Stentor  	
British bark Hawthornbank  ....
Hritish  steamer Oanfa   	
British   steamer   Miowera    	
British steamer Manuka	
British ship Inverness	
British   Barque   11 arold   	
British Ship  11 alew 1	
British  Ship  Aiirangi   	
British Shin Aorangi	
' 555
Suva,   Fiji    	
Devonport,  Englam
1 [1 mgkong  	
! Nagasaki   	
Suva, Fiji  	
111 mgki ing   	
I I avre  and   Calais,   |
Callao,   Peru   	
Suva,   Fiji   	
Kobe,   Japan    	
111 mgki ing   	
II amburg, (Germany
Iquique, Chile ....
Nagasaki,   Japan
Suva,   Fiji    	
Suva.   Fiji   	
, Yi ikohama  	
Fast   London    ....
Callao, Peru	
Suva,   Fiji   	
1 hinedin,  N,  /..
• ranee
IN 1904.
4-'.07 5
'$22.5011 00
19,950 o>
! 21,790 00
1,010 on
j    3)8t8 00
4.704 or,
;   14 :6o 00
I 1,031 ' 0
870 01
1,40' 0
642 00
i    1.575 00
I 12,283 00
i  16,087   °
000 00
84I   00
I.S 17 00
6,710 00
15.405 00
JJ \ 00
10.000 00
332 00
1,380 00
474 1 "
367 00
626 00
25,600 00
19,815 00
695 00
1.17^ 00
35g 00
3.1-''1 00
I 1,000 00
5,537 °°
403 00
395 00
. j-x-? 00
1,096,348      9nS
,-,-.-, I   -   Mill
Name and Rig.                                Tons.  Destination. Feet.         V
-German bark Hydra    |    742  I Antofagasta | 573,718 |$ 6
-Chilian   bark   Admiral   Tegethoff     892  (Antofagasta j 709.901   |    8,
-British   ship  Khyber    I   1927  (Freemantle    | 1,665,319
•British  steamer  Longships    I  2843  'Shanghai    | 1,143.785
American bktn. James Johnson. . I    992    Shanghai    | 1,233.870
-British barque  Procyon    I  1995 M quique    | 1.819.940
-American bktn. T.  P.  Finigh  ...      923    Melbourne    I 1,204,485
German ship Sehurbek  ' 2266 JArrtofagasta    | 802,228
Chilian   bark   Antofagasta    I   t0l6   Germany     | 2.081,564
■British ship Olivebank   ! 2647 |Cape Town
-Bk.  Ad Tegetthoff          893   Sydney
—Sc. W. II. Talbot I   743   Antogafasta
2,5I7»I54 I  24
1,000,823 I
71 bfu 04
1 10
,($; 0
,250 ^°
,275 00
,687 '"
920 00
582 oo
,7')? '"
575 '"'
045 "'
7S1 ■'
tog 1
?' •
"AMPHIBIA" Waterproof Leather Belting.
"CROWN BRAND" Tanned Lace Leather..
r Montreal,   Toronto
Selling Agent
B. C.
If the lumber supply of the Northwest, British
Columbia's legitimate market, is seriously affected
by the dumping of American lumber, there is some
consolation in the fact that shingle manufacturers
of Vancouver and Victoria have an almost undisputed market for their product in the Eastern
States, and those who have been fortunate in
getting hold of this trade will be interested in the
following extracts:
"Perhaps no one could ever find the man who is
responsible for starting the statement that the
shingles manufactured in British Columbia are
better than those manufactured in Washington.
However, the statemnet has been published
broadcast ami various reasons are assigned why
this is so. One American lumber journal ascribes the superiority of the Hritish Columbia
shingle to the fact that Japanese are employed
there and that none are employed in Washington.
This theory is disputed. In a recent issue of the
Canada Lumberman, published in Toronto, appears a letter from E. 11. Newton, of Vancouver.
He advances the theory that the saws in the
Washington mills are crowded too hard; he accuses the American of wanting too many shingles
for the capacity of his mill, and alleges, on the
other hand, that the shingle manufacturer of British Columbia desires quality, not quantity. He
is the manager of the largest shingle mill in the
world, which turns out a million shingles daily
and employs none but wdiite sawyers. There are
many reasons why some shingles are manufactured below grade, but while many shingles are
badly manufactured in Washington, there are
many good ones. Again, the manufacturer is not
altogether to blame, and there have been instances where the wholesale man has stipulated
that thin shingles should be manufactured for his
trade, and the mill men followed these instructions. Ever since shingles were manufactured on
this  Coast   there  has been     a  regular    criticism,
much of which came from the buyers and practically none from the consumers. If any man
wants a good shingle he can buy it in Washington as well as in British Columbia, but the facts
are that the buyer is more liable to look for price
than quality and afterwards kick at the quality.
The average grade of cedar shingles manufactured in Washington is much higher than it has
been in the past. The shingle trade of Washington has grown from year to year, in spite of carping and criticising. There are some people who
like to buy an imported article and the British
Columbia shingles no doubt find a market on this
side often through that desire. The majority
of shingles shipped into the United States from
British Columbia are marketed in the Atlantic
Coast States; only a few penetrate the territory
in which the bulk of Washington shingles are
sold. This item is not written in defense of the
poor shingle manufacturer, but to offset the reiterated statement which has become so widely
known, that the British Columbia shingles are far
superior to the shingles of Washington."—West
Coast Lumberman.
"Mr. H. S. Stine, representing the firm of
Barnes & Mauk, of Toledo, Ohio, who has left for
the East after investigating and studying the
manufacture of shingles in British Columbia, contracted with two mills for their output during the
next year, and also purchased a lot of shingles for
immediate delivery. It has long been recognized
that British Columbia shingles were a better article than those manufactured in Washington and
Oregon, though the American milimen are loath
to believe it. The fact, though, is demonstrated
not only by this purchase but by others wdiich are
constantly taking place. And this, too, in spite
of the heavy duty imposed upon shingles entering the United States from Canada.
Mr. Stine says the mills here have very much
better timber to work with, and while after investigating the matter he will not acknowledge that
he* sawing is better than on the American side, he
states the packing is much superior."—News-Advertiser.
The coming year promises to be a busy one in
industrial circles in New Westminster, says the
"Columbian." Three or more large manufacturing plants will be erected.
The Fraser River Tannery Company, which
was incorporated some time ago, secured a site
for the proposed large hide-curing plant at South
Westminster on Saturday, and it is expected that
it will be ready for operation in a few months.
Local and eastern capital is interested in the
Messrs. Small & Bucklin, a saw mill firm formerly of Ithaca, N. Y., is now located in New
Westminster, and negotiations are under way
for the purchase of a mill site in the city, and
work will be started on the erection of a large
saw and planing mill.
A third industrial, plant to be erected is a large
grain elevator and dock for the Brackman-Ker
Milling Company in connection with its rolling-
mills on Front Street. The vacant, lot between
the mills and the old woollen factory to the west
has been purchased as a site for the elevator,
while the two water lots in front have been leased
and the dock will be erected on them.
The large distillery being put up at Sapperton
by the British Columbia Distillery Company is
fast nearing completion, and will be in operation in the early part of the new year. Four
brick buildings and a frame building, all of large
dimensions, have been erected, and the industry
covers an extensive site. The brick chimney
which has been erected in connection with the distillery is the highest on the Coast.
The  new buildings in   Calgary  this  year    will
amount to $1,000,000,
The I. M Manufacturing (o,
Double Edger, Steam Feeds, Log Jacks,  Live Rolls,
Trimmers, Slab Slashers, Steam Niggers.
The manner in which railroad ties have
hitherto been made has been determined
largely by the ease and rapidity with which they
could be cut. They have been obtained from
trees of all diameters from nine inches upward,
the most serviceable portions of live straight
trees being selected. The U. S. Bureau of Forestry has for some time been making studies and
experiments designed to prevent the exhaustion of
the timbers from which ties are made.
The latest results of these investigations, as
stated by Dr. Hermann von Schrenk, make it appear that a trapezoidal or modified half round tie,
with a base of ten to twelve inches and a top bearing surface of six inches, distributes the weight
of moving train loads upon the roadbed as effectively as a rectangular tie ten to twelve inches
broad. The half round tie is good for the lumberman because in numerous instances two ties of
this form can be made from a log wdiich would
furnish but one rectangular tie. 111 other cases
material for several boards is saved where a rectangular tie would have taken the entire log. This
form is beneficial to the forest, since it encourages the cutting of large trees and the saving of
small ones until they reach more valuable size
and permits the utilization of much timber from
the tops, hitherto left m the woods. The half
round tie is advantageous from a mechanical
standpoint also because it gives greater bearing
surface per mile and a correspondingly more
stable track than rectangular ties. This tie
orm is therefore advocated by the Bureau of For-
stry as economical of timber, conservative of the
mber supply and at the same time equally effi-
ent with the forms in common use.
The commonest as well as the best tie material
the  past  and  present  in  this  country is  wdiite
Ik, which resists both wear and decay excellcnt-
and is subsequently cheaper in the long run
n less expensive woods like beech, red oak or
lolly and lodge pole pine.     But wdiite oak, be
sides being one of our finest timber trees, is becoming high priced and, further, as railroad men
know well, is becoming scarcer even faster than
the advancing price would indicate.
With proper methods preservative treatment of
the softer woods can be made entirely successful,
ami impregnation with creosote, zinc chloride or
other antiseptic substances allows the use of many
woods hitherto passed over as well as of sawed
ties, sapwood and dead timber. Preservative
treatment can make a beech or red oak or pine
tic outlast a white oak tie. Hut the wearing
away of the softer libers of these woods under the
rail and around the spike raises a new set of problems.
In driving a spike into a white oak tie the
strong and elastic fiber of the wood is bent downward, maintaining a close contact, so that powerful resistance is offered to its withdrawal. When
driven into such woods as hemlock and western
yellow, lodge pole, loblolly or short leaf pine, the
fibers of the wood are crushed and broken. As a
result the spikes must soon be driven in a new-
place, and this constant respiking rapidly ruins
the lie
The solution of this difficulty is achieved by
the use of a screw spike. In the soft woods
>crew spikes will resist nearly three times as
great a strain as nail spikes. If inserted in a
screw dowel of hard wood the power of the screw
spike is still greater.
The Consolidated Lumber and Shingle Company, of Bellingham, has undertaken, says the
"West Coast Trade." an experiment in the shingle
shipping trade that may -.ult in relieving the
situation as regards transportation facilities. The
company has arranged for th- shipine-- of 1,500,-
000 shingles to New York on me of the lines of
the American-Hawaiian Steamshij Compa ly. The
consignment will amount to about ten carloads,
and if the results prove satisfactory the shrpment
may  be  followed  by  the  development    of    Wa<rr
transportation upon a considerable scale.     \\ ;,
the  time consumed  in  delivery  is about twici
long, the cost is considerably less, and accoi
to the "Reveille" another advantage will be -
ed  in  that   ;t  will  greatly  lessen  the cost of n
facturing by doing away with dry kilns, 'II,.
ing of shingles is ,( process that has always
deplored bj   buyers, as ii greatly lessens th<
of the shingle.    This process would not he n<
.sary  if shipment   is made by  water, as the wi       1
would   have   no   effect   on   the   Cost   of   trail-],
tion.      'fhe   result   of   the   test   wall   be   waited       :
with   much   interest   by   the  many   shingle    m
facturers of the State, knowing as they do th     |
success attends  the  venture it   will  mean that    he
shingle  nulls  of  the  State  may  continue  running
during the entire year, as shipments may be made
by water as well during the winter months as during   the   summer.      This   is   not   the     case     when
shipping  by  rail,  as  when   the  Great     Lakes    arc
closed during  the winter the additional    cost of
transportation east by rail is so high that few mills
can  atfonl  to  pay  the  rates.
For the month of October there were [49 timber licenses i-mioI, 38 were new licenses and in
renewals. These are thus apportioned t>> the
several   districts:
N. \Y.  District    14
Sayward   I listnet     1
West   Kootenay   District          $
West   Kootenay   District     ..31
East   Kootenay   District    30
N.   E.  Kootenay  District        5
S.  I-'.. Kootenay I Mstrict      7
Canoe   River   District         1
Nanaimo   District        4
Coast   District    44
French  Creek   District       in
Total    I4<j
Rough and Dressed Lumber
ill, South End Camble St. Bridge      =M^m      VANCOUVER, B. C.
Good Material Reasonable
Prices Prompt Service
W. J. SHEPPARD, Waubaushene, Ont., President
J. G. SCOTT, Vancouver, B. C, General Manager
Pacific Coast Lumber Company,
Fir, Cedar and Spruce Lumber, Lath, Houldings, Turned Work, Etc,
CAPACITY—Saw Mill, 150,000 feet per 10 hours;   Lath M.ll, 25,000 per 10 hours; Shingle Mill, 300,000 per 10 hours ;  with
ample Planing Mill and  Dry Kiln Capacity to Handle our output.
Manzel Sight Feed
Automatic Oil Pumps
Silent Ball Clutch Motion, equally sensitive at hig'h or low speed. Equally effective at higli or low pressures. Saves Oil
because it does not waste it.   Made Single,
Double, Triple and Quadruple	
Bayfield 0 Archibald,
Molsons Bank Building Vancouver, B. C.
IMPERIAL, their highest grade, guaranteed
No equal for heavy machinery.
Lumber Dry Kilns....
Operating by the NATURAL DRAFT
Planing Mill Exhausters
For the  removal  of Refuse   from
Wood Working Machinery	
Steel Dry-Kiln Trucks
For piling Lumber of any Dimensions
for Drying purposes	
Our Planing Mill Fans are carried In Stock
by The Fairbanks Co., of Vancouver, B. C.
Sheldon & Sheldon
The Northern Power and Lumber Co.. Ltd.,
incorporated on the 2ISt Oct ber, with a capita!
of $50,000, divided into 5000 shares of $1000
To acquire and take over all the property and
business of the Northern Lumber C mipanv, Ltd.,
of Atlin, B. C, and to acquire and t.ik • over
all the property and business of the Bi lish Columbia Power and Manufacturing C , Ltd., of
Atlin, B. C. To carry on business of iron f Hinders, machinists, engineers and manufacturers
of machinery of all kinds. To man ,• • the business of saw milling and logging and to erect
mills for the purpose of manufacture if paper
pulp and paper.
The Barclay Sound Cedar Co., Ltd., incorporated Nov. 5th. with a capital of $50,000, divided
into 500 shares of $100 each. For the purpose of
buying, acquiring, selling and getting out saw
logs, shingle bolts, piles and all other kinds of
timber and manufacturing such timber into all
kinds and generally carrying on the business of
lumber manufacturers and merchants in all its
branches including sashes, doors, laths, shingles
and all kinds of lumber.
The Windermere Lumber Co., Ltd.. incorporated on the ,}rd of November, with a capital of
$20,000,  divided  into  _>o,ooo  shares  of $[.00  each.
To carry on business in B. C. as timber merchants, saw mill proprietors and lumbermen in
all or any of its branches.
Pilkington    Bros.,   authorized   and   licensed   to
arry  on   business   within   the   Province   of   Brit-
sh  Columbia, capital   £Soo,ooo divided into 8,000
hares of £100 each.    The head office of the coin-
any  is  situated  in   England  and   the  head  office
this  Province  in  the  City of  Vancouver,  with
rthur  Granville  Thynne  as    attorney    for    the
The  objects  for  which  the company has  been
established   are:     To   acquire   and   take   over   as
a going concern  the businesses of manufacturers
of  plate  sheet  and  other  gla>s,   dealers  in   glass,
colliery properties  and  brick  makers,  carried  on
under  the   firm  of   Pilkington   Bros,  at  St.   Helens,  in  the  County  of  Lancaster,  and  the  assets
and  liabilities   of   the   proprietors   of  those   businesses  in  connection   therewith.
!  •■
During the past year there has been considerable investigation going on and experiments made
as to the utility of Australian hardwoods, and
these investigations have disclosed some facts
that are of the greatest interest to this country,
more especially of this Coast, which practically
has to depend on the East for its supply of hardwoods, or the importation of such hardwoods as
are procurable from Mexico, the Central American States and the Hawaiian Islands, and more
recently from Japan, where there have been some
shipments of oak. We, therefore, have watched
these investigations with much interest, realizing the vast importance of this matter, especially  to  this  Coast.
We have for many years been importing from
Australia small quantities of "iron-bark." the
botanical name of which is "Eucalyptus pani-
culata," but commonly known in this country as
"Ironwood," on account of its extreme hardness
and durability, this being principally used for
protecting whalers cruising among the ice in the
Arctic; but until recently no thought was given
to the many other valuable timbers indigenous
to Australia. It now develops that the Australian continent possesses vast forests, that are
practically inexhaustible, of the finest kind of
hardwood timber and of gre;-t variety, large
quantities of which have been for some years
exported to England and Germany, and more
recently to South Africa, that exported to Germany being principally used for fine furniture,
interior finishing, and railroad car and wagon
building. England imports the varieties used for
furniture and cabinet work, framework of railroad cars, heavy wagon and car building, and for
railroad ties, some of the principal railroads using them extensively, they having proved most
satisfactory   in  every  way.
The exports to South Africa have been principally railroad ties, it having been demonstrated
that the Australian hardwood ties are the only
ones that will resist the ravages of the termite,
or white ant, which destroys all other timbers
tried in a very short time. One of the lumber
merchants in Sydney (Alley Taylor & Co.) recently received an order for over one million of
these ties, after a satisfactory test bad been made
of them. The timbers of which these ties are
made are very hard and heavy, nearly double the
weight of Oregon pine, and besides being proof
against the ravages of insect life, are almost indestructible, having been in use in Australia for
over thirty years without relaying and being now
apparently in as good cohdition as when first
There is also apparently a very large field for
the Australian timber in the way of piles, one
particular kind of this timber being proof against
the attack of the mucb-dre.uled teredo, which
causes so much trouble on this Coast, necessitating our piles being subjected to various chemical processes, which are more or less successful
and all of which are expensive. The Australian
piles, besides being teredo-proof, are very much
stronger than pine piles, and will undoubtedly
be used extensively here in the near future, as
we understand their cost delivered her is not
much  grater  than  that   of  pine  creosoted.
There are also great possibilities along the
line of lumber for the manufacture of railroad
cars, street cars, heavy trucks, wagons and general work where oak, ash and hickory are now
used, some of the Australian lumber being of a
very similar nature, but heavier and stronger and
consequently more durable. This has been
satisfactorily demonstrated by the English car
builders, who are now using large quantities of
this lumber. Other kinds of this timber are especially adapted for bridge building and wharf
building, being exceedingly strong and durable,
instances being known of where bridges con
structed of this timber have resisted the effect
of time and decay for over forty years, the timber having grown harder by the lapse of time
and not showing the least deterioration. It
should prove almost invaluable to those :nter-
ested in bridges, wharves and structures
like character.
The Australian timber cut in suitable
blocks is without a peer for street paving,
ing a perfect street. They have been in use in
Australia for this purpose for twenty-live years,
and they seem to be able to last an indefinite
time, the average wear in Sydney, where there
is the heaviest traffic, not exceeding one-eighth
of an inch per year. They have been adopted
in several of the largest cities in England and
the Continent of Europe with the greatest of success, making a street free from noise, easily kept
clean and very easy on horses and vehicles, making  an   ideal   street.—Wood  and   Iron.
of   a
m a k -
What seems to have struck travellers from
the Pacific Coast more than anything else this
fall is the enormous losses the country has sustained through forest fires. The universal opinion is that the number of rangers is preposterously few. The fires this autumn are sufficient
proof, and it would pay to increase the number
by thousands, if necessary, in order to prevent
a repetition of such disasters. Not only is there
the danger to life and private property to be considered, but the miles and miles of standing timber which were destroyed were an asset not to
be replaced in many years. And in addition to
all this, it is no inconsiderable thing that all
over the world, wherever tourists and travellers
go, it is being said that Canadians arc so rare-
less that they allow vast areas of valuable timber to be burnt, as young children might permit
their parents' best furniture to be used to swell the
blaze of an autumn bonfire. Such negligence
argues badly for the carelessness of Canadians,
individually and collectively, in other matters of
a   business   nature.—Winnipeg   Commercial.
It is not so very long ago that much diffei nee
of opinion existed upon the comparative m ts
of block and asphalt pavements upon
streets. Municipal engineers considered
however, a question to be settled by time
and it not only concerned the wearing qua
of the rival systems, but also of any unfoi
incidentals which might crop up during I
trial years. One very important point was iat
the horse thought about it. And in Fran, it
was found by actual statistics that for one h rse
injured upon the block system there were two
and seven eights upon the asphalt—mainly
through slipping. It was also noted that weather
conditions did not affect the grip of the horse's
feet upon the block pavement nearly as much as
upon the asphalt. As the durability of the two
systems much depended upon the quality of the
asphalt and upon the density of the wood used
which also affected the cost to a considerable
extent. In British Columbia our native fir
makes most durable block pavement, and while
its general adoption in preference to the use of
asphalt not only encourages a home production,
but prevents the introduction of such an inferior
grade of materia,1 lacking both durability and
cohesivness as  Paacific Coast asphalt.
Mr. I). R. Wilkie, general manager of the Imperial Bank, who has just returned to Toronto
from the Pacific coast, .speaking of his trip to a
Family Herald & Weekly Star (Montreal) representative, said:
"British Columbia will outshine all the provinces
in time, and is now running away from Ontario.
What most impressed me regarding British Columbia is the fact that she is being neglected by
the rest of the Dominion. Her natural products
are in competition with those of the United
States upon a free trade basis, yet upon everything British Columbia uses she has to pay duty.
She is not properly recognized by the rest of the
Dominion, and yet she is perhaps at present more
prosperous than any of the other provinces, and,
as I say, will beat them all in time. Her resources
are simply enormous. Ontario, I fear, will have
to take third or fourth place in a few years."
Nelson, Nov. 13. The Mountain Lumber
Manufacturers Association was in session in
the Strathcona hotel in this city yesterday morning and afternoon.
A. Leitch, President of the Association, occupied the chair, and VV. F. Gurd was Secretary.
The meeting was not an open one and the press
were not admitted. The Secretary stated last evening that a large portion of the time was taken
up in discussing the internal affairs of the Association, special rates and other matters of no general
interest to the general public. The principle matter decided on was to again approach the Dominion Government on the importation into
Canada from the United States of rough lumber
free of duty, and to again press for a tariff of U
per 1,000 feet. A carefully drawn up petition will
be sent on to Ottawa setting forth the views 01
the Association, and a special committee was appointed to visit the coast cities in connection with
the movement, and wth other matters of interest
to the Association.
Mr. Gurd stated last evening that the meeting
had been thoroughly harmonious and businesslike, and that satisfactory progress had been
made with all  the matters in hand.
Two    Americans, Schiess and    TomiuinK
represent  American  capitalists, says    a des]
from Port-au-Prince, Hayti, have received a
cession from the Government for the exploil »
of Haytian timber land, which amounts to    r   *
tically a monopoly of the industry in the Rep>'0 ' ■ BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
#      ^Patent?
Mr. A. W. Tait, of Vancouver, has received a
Canadian and American patent for an improved
saw carriage which permits of the cutting of
bevel boards. The claims of the inventor arc fully
set forth in the following paragraphs. We have
been shown a working model of the invention
and have reason to believe that by its adoption
an immense saving in material will be effected.
The contrivance is no more complicated than
the ordinary saw carriage. Economy in lumber
manufacture, either in labor or material, being
the most important element in the successful
working of a mill, it is to be expected that the
efficacy of Mr. Tait's invention will at once be
The invention relates to a saw carriage by
means of wdiich clap-boards or bevel siding can
be cut from a sawn "cant" by either a circular
or band saw.
Work of this nature is at present performed
in a manner that involves a considerable waste
of material and as it is generally performed in
more than one operation the work involves re-
handling with consequent expense and loss of
2. In a tilting frame for a saw carriage to cut
bevel boards, the location of the axis of the tilting frame at such a distance from the face of the
saw and below the cane seat that the ratio of
such dimensions shall be the same as the amount
of movement of the lower edge of the sawn face
of the cant necessary to cut the desired taper
of board, bears to the thinner edge of the board
plus one saw kerf;
3. In a device for cutting bevel boards from
a sawn "cant;" the combination with a carriage
endwise slidable to and from the cutting plane
of the saw on the axles of the carriage wheels,
which wheels are in engagement with the sides
of the rails on which they run, of a cant seat on
the carriage, which can seat is pivotally mounted on an axis parallel to the plane of the saw
cut, means for "setting" the cant towards the
saw, means for tilting the cant seat, and means
co-operative with the tilting mechanism whereby the cant seat may be advanced to or withdrawn from the cutting plane of the saw.
4.. In a saw carriage endwise slidable on its
axles; the combination therewith of a cant seat
frame, susceptible of being tilted on an axis parallel to the plane of the saw cut, means for "setting" the cant on the seat, a shaft having pinions to engage rack segments on the cant seat
members and tilt the cant seat on its axle, a
sleeve between collars on one or more of the car-
These faults in the present practice are avoided in Mr. Tait's patent by mounting on a log
carriage of ordinary construction a tilting seat
or rest on which the cant is placed, which seat
may be angled alternately up and down to the
plane of the saw.
An essential feature in the invention is the
particular ratio which the distance from the
cant scat to the axis of the pivot, bears to the distance of that axis from the plane of the saw; the
adoption of wdiich ratio enables two boards of a
definite width and taper to be cut from the cant
with   one  "set"  of  the  cant  toward  the  saw.
A secondary feature of the invention consists
of means whereby when it is required to change
the taper of the siding the same advantage of
cutting two boards with one set may be retained
without changing the position of the axis of the
pivotally mounted  seat.
The following paragraphs contain the gist of
the  claims  of the  patentee:
1. A tilting cant seat for a new carriage for
cutting bevel boards the pivotal axis of which
is so placed that the cant being "set" on the upward tilt and a board of the required thickness
and taper cut, when tilted to the lower position
a s€cond board of the same dimensions may be
cut without further "set."
riage axles, a lever fulcrumed on the sleeve and
pivotally connected to the carriage frame, means
for moving such lever back and forth by rotation
of the shaft which operates the tiltings, and
means for varying such movement.
5. In a saw carriage having a tilting cant seat
for bevel boards and a lever by which such tilt
is effected, means for angular adjustment of the
tilt lever whereby the mid-position of the cant
seat between the extremes of its tilt may be maintained normal to the cutting plane of the saw.
6. In a saw carriage having a tilting cant seat
pivotally mounted thereon, and a shaft by which
the tilting is effected, a member secured to the
shaft and having a hand lever pivotally mounted
between lugs thereon, said lugs having set screws
whereby the position of the lever in relation to
the cant seat may be varied.
7. In a saw carriage for cutting bevel boards;
the combination with an under frame susceptible
of movement back and forth in front of a saw,
of a cant seat composed of a series of members
secured on a shaft mounted in bearings on the
under frame so as to be susceptible of a tilting
movement on an axis parallel to the cutting
plane of the saw, means for bracing the cant
seat members together to move as one frame,
racks slidable on the upper sides of the cant seat
Agent for Western British Columbia
and Vancouver Island
18 Powell St.
Vancouver, B. C.
The Curney Standard Metal Co.,
members, having a girder connecting them together and provided with head blocks and dogs
to secure the cants, a shaft supported in bearings
secured to the cant members and having pinions
to engage and operate the racks, a "set" mechanism on the said shaft whereby the head blocks
may be moved forward to the saw and such
movement regulated and controlled, means for
tilting the frame comprising the rack segment
on one or more of the cant seat members to be
engaged by a pinion or pinions on a shaft rotable in bearings on the under frame, and a lever
adjustably mounted on the shaft and having
means for regulating and limiting the amount
of tilt.
8. In a saw carriage for cutting radial boards;
the combination with a saw 2 and carriage under
frame 3 having wheels and axles 4 and 5 movable
on rails 6, the shaft 10 in bearings n having secured on it cant seat members 12 brought together by the rod 42 and distance pieces 43, the rack
members 25, girder 40, head blocks 41, and dogs
45, 46, the bearings for the shaft 27 having pinions 26 secured thereon ratchet wheel 29, pawl 30
in pawd frame 31 to which is secured the lever 32,
the guide 33 on bracket 34, and the check pawl
35, the shaft 14, in bearings on the underframe
having pinions 13 designed to engage the segmental rack 16 on the cant seat members, the
lever 17 pivotally mounted on the member 21,
secured to the shaft 14, the set screws 22 for adjustment of the lever, and the guide 18 having
means for limiting the movement of the lever 17.
9. In a saw carriage for cutting radial boards;
the combination with a tilting frame, of the disc
39, secured to the shaft by which the tilting is effected, the T groove, the link rod 56, the lever
53, fulcrumed on the pin 52 of the sleeve 50 between the collars 51 on the axles 5, and the attachment of the lever 53 by the pin 54 to the
bracket 55 secured to carriage under frame 3.
The Carney Lumber Company of Massey, Wisconsin, will build a lumber mill at Owen Sound
with an annual capacity of 20,000,000 feet. One
hundred families will be brought from Wisconsin. .)•>
The saw factory recently organized and established by Mr. A. J. Burton, an experienced saw
maker and filer, of almost international reputa
tation, in Vancouver, B, C, deserves more than
ordinary mention, in view of the many obstacles
wdiich the establishment of such a factory has had
to overcome. In the earlier stages of organization it was claimed that there was not business
enough in this Province to justify the existence
of such an industry. By persistent effort, however, Mr. Burton succeeded in interesting the
support of a sufficient number of citizens to enable him to perfect the organization of the Company. It was not until land was secured and
erection of a suitable building begun that people
saw   that   Mr.   Burton     meant     business.      From
that time until now the prospects of the A. J.
Burton Saw Co., Ltd., have been all that could
be desired, and today the work in hand and in
sight is taxing the capacity of the plant to its
capacity. By securing the services of only the
most expert workmen, there is little question but
that the Company will not only
jspect of the trade but a
lusiness also.     As an
jp which the goods turned out by the local Saw
forks the following unsolicited testimonal has
st been   received  by  the   Company:
Vancouver,  B. C. Nov, 21,  1904.
he   A.   J.   Burton   Saw   Co.,   City.
tlemen:      Believing that  our  experience  with
r saws may be of some use to you, as we know
it  is  not always  easy  to  get  people  to  be-
e that the product of a new factory can equal
the start that of the old established firms, we
d you  this  unsolicited  communication.
'We  wish  to  say  that  we  have  no  saws  in  our
ill  either  shingle  or  cut  off  that  are  giving us
«tter   satisfaction   than   yours,   and   our     second
er given  you last week speaks  more  for your
saws than anything that  1  could say in  this letter.
Wishing you continued success in the good
work which you have so ably begun, we are,
Yours  truly,
Hastings Shingle Mfg. Co.,
Per E. II   Newton,
Supt, Mill No, 2.
'fhe Angell-Pumfrey Engraving Co. have re
cently begun business in Vancouver as designers,
engravers and illustrator-,. 'fhe individual members of the linn have had a most extensive and
practical experience in all the different branches
of their trade, and are experts at their business.
From samples of their work which we have seen
and used we have no hesitancy 111 recommending
the firm to anyone desiring such work. In order to cope with all business entrusted to them
the linn has just installed all the latest machinery  necessary  ami   appurtenant   to  their  business.
machinery   of  the   most  modern  design  and  im
proved construction; convenience, combined with
Strength   and   durability,   being   the   chief   eon   V
eratii in.
"All  gears  used  on  our  machines are em  f,    ,,
the  solid   and   the  cylinders  and  spindles arc     i|
special* high   carbon   Steel,   machine   ground   and
lilted  with  the best  auti pneumatic pulleys on
"bach  and  every  machine  before being ship]    |
is  subjected   to a   severe  and   thorough  test  on
work   for   which   it   i>   intended,   by   practical,
perienced   operators   employed    for   this   purp    e
"Never satisfied with present attainments We
are constantly adding improvements, and
careful attention to the demands of the trade ,vi
hope to maintain the high reputation of superiority our machines have, and to merit a continuance  ot   your  patronage."
command     the
intinuance  of  their
indication   of   the   manner
By a recent mail we received a copy oi a catalogue of wood-workmg machinery published by
Messrs, Cowan & Co., Ltd., of Gait, Ont., one
of the largest manufacturers of this kind 111
Canada. 'fhe catalogue comprises nearly 200
pages, and is fully illustrated, while I he descriptions are s() well and concisely written that
prospective buyers can see and know exactly
the   application   of   each  machine,
The announcement to "'fhe Trade" expresses
more forcibly than we might say the claims and
amis of  the  Company:
"Having discontinued the manufacture of engines and boilers ami added many new and improved special machines for the construction of
up-to-date wood-working machinery (of which we
are the largest exclusive manufacturers in Canada) our facilities are unsurpassed, and customers   may   rely   on   being   supplied   promptly     with
'fhe action of graphite, when used as a cylinder lubricant, is to nil up microscopic pores ami
scratches in the metallic surfaces, rendering them
so smooth and glassy that a heavy film of oil is
not required. That its value is being appreciated by engineers in general is evidenced by the
fact that manufacturers of oiling devices are now
bringing out lubricators specially adapted to
feeding  oil  heavily charged  with  graphite,
We illustrate a very satisfactory device of iliis
kind recently put on the market by Messrs. Manzel Brothers, the well known makers of force
feel oil pumps, As will be observed, the reservoir is fitted with a spiral agitator which keeps
the graphite from settling. The upper plunger
forces the mixture of oil and graphite out of the
reservoir and through the sight glass and the
lower plunger forces it into tin- steam cylinder
or chest. 'fhe i<irt\ is regulated on the upper
plunger by screwing it in or out. and the supply
can be wined from a stream of lubricant with
each stroke of the plunger to one drop for several
Embody the latest improvements suggested by practical loggers. They are
strongest and most durable,  requiring least attention and  fewest repairs.
Patent steam friction, Turner's patents, and our new lock lever friction devices. Over 750 Engines now in use in Washington, Oregon, California, British Columbia, Alaska, Nicaragua and the
Philippines.      Write  us   your   requirements  and  we   will send complete specifications and prices.
Washington Iron Works Go.
Engines and Boilers
We can offer you a better selection than any
other dealer in America.
J. L. NEILSON & CO. Winnipeg
H. CAMERON, Manager
Noyie Lumber 8t Milling Co., un.
flooring, Ceiling, Siding, Ship Lap,
common Boards, Dimensions and Lath
These pumps will feed 50 per cent of Dixon's
Flake Graphite mixed with oil if necessary to
feed that aim unit. No rule can be laid down as
to the quantity oi graphite tn he used. Some
engines require more than others, some engineers prefes to use only the smallest amount of
oil that they absolutely have tn. Two or three
good teaspoonfuls to a pint of valve nil makes a
good mixture to start on, hut every engineer
must study his own problem out for himself
and watch results so that he can operate as
cheaply and efficiently as possible. Three tea-
spoonfuls of graphite per day ought to be enough
for a 150 horse power engine to keep the cylinders and valves in prime condition.     As we have
said, however, the best way is for each engineer
to determine for himself the best proportion of
graphite to oil that will give him the best indicator cards, 'he smoothest cylinders, the quietest engines, the lowest operating cost and the
least trouble. Ten cents worth of Dixon's Np.
2 Graphite added to one gallon of oil will more
than double the efficiency of any kind of cylinder oil,  which  means  a  saving  of 50 per cent.
Messrs. Bayfield & Archibald, Mechanical Engineers, Molson's Hank Building, are representing Manzel Brothers for Hritish Columbia, and
full information regarding these pumps can be
obtained   from   them.
Wire wound wooden pipe is still in the ascendant. To show the facility with which it can
be made and laid, the Cranbrook, B, C, Water
Co. placed their order with the Canadian Pipe-
Works of Vancouver, towards the middle of
August  and   'he  contractor  now  writes:
"I have got the Cranbrook Water system all
in and it is all right. In the live and half miles
only three leaks showed up, and these closed up
withing twelve hours. Not one defective piece
of pipe in all the live and half miles. I turned
the water on and let it run out at the lower end
for two days then started to shut the valv;; and
ran the pressure up to 100 pounds and let it stand
at that all day, and found it had stood the pressure perfectly. I might say that the Water Co.
is more than pleased with the pipe of the Canadian Pipe Co. This is the kind of advertisements  you   want.     I   turned   the   first  shovel  of
earth on the 15th August and had all the pipe
laid the 31st October and water in the town that
night.      Yours   truly, w   Stocks>
The City Clerk of Revelstoke writes the
Canadian Pipe Co. in the same way that the
wood pipe is giving every satisfaction, though
under a pressure of 400 feet fea' and 170 pounds.
Mr. Williams, contractor for North Vancouver,
expects to have water in that municipality in
December. He reports well on the pipe manufactured  by   the   Canadian   Pipe  Co.
This Company built and laid a 40 inch diameter stave pipe at Brandon last month in a trench
from 20 to 30 feet below the surface, so that
nothing is  impossible  with  the wooden  pipe.
The same Company are building and laying
about 3000 feet of wood stave pipe at Nanaimo
and expect to finish this work in about ten days.
The contracts on hand will last to well on in
January and further contracts are being booked
for mines, etc., so that the pipe can be hauled
over the snow in February and March, the
wooden being so much easier to handle than iron
The Western Oil & Supply Co. are placing upon the market a very superior line of Rubber
Belting manufactured by Bowers Rubber Co., of
San Francisco. Their line consists of the following brands: Owl, Live Oak, Reliance and
Golden Gate, suitable for all kinds of work
where a good belt is required. They are made
from the finest quality of duck, woven from long
cotton for that special purpose, and the plies
are united with Pure Para Rubber, so that they
cannot separate. These belts are warranted not
to stretch on the pulley and are fully guaranteed
in every respect. Attention is called more especially to the Owl belt, which is the highest production of rubber belt manufactured.     This be'.t
Timber and General Agent Loans
Room 10. Fairfield Block VANCOUVER, B. C.
Kalevan Kansa Colonisation Co.,
Red Cedar,.Fir, Spruce and Hemlock
Advertisments will be inserted in this department
at the rate of 10 cents per line for each insertion, payable in advance.
WANTED— First-Class Cedar Logs. Apply at
Mill No. 2, Hastings Shingle Manufacturing Company,
Vancouver, B. C.
WANTED.—A  logging engine.     W. T.   Farrell,
Room   10,  433   Granville   St.,   Vancouver.
WANTED.—First class shingle sawyer; winter's
work; 13c per thousand. Apply 331 Westminster  Avenue,  Room 6.
WANTED.—Shingle bolts. Contracts made
for quantities. The Canada Shingle Company, Ltd., Hastings, B. C. P. O. Box 312,
Vancouver, B .C.
WANTED.—At once, good river drivers Apply Vipond &  Devereaux, Duncans,  B.  C.
WANTED.—A young man thoroughly experienced, to sell mill supplies and machinery. Apply by letter, stating age and experience, to
X811, care of B. C. Lumberman.
LOGS WANTED.—Wanted to buy cedar, Aland spruce logs taken off Crown granted lands
Apply to J. S. Emerson, Vancouver.
We handle on commission all sorts of British
Columbia Lumber and Shingles, manufactured and
rough.    Please quote prices f.o.b. Toronto.
77 Adelaide St. East TORONTO, ONTARIO
(A. M. Can. Soc. C. E.)    OTTAWA, CANADA
Surveys, Plans, Specifications and Supervision
Paper,   Pulp and Sulphite Fibre   Mills
Timber   Cruiser  and  Valuator.
Twenty years' experience in the woods.
P. O. Box 602 Storage
branch office at Warehouse, 139 Water Si VANCOUVER, B. C.
604 Cordova Street West VANCOUVER, B. C. Special attention riven to distribution
P. O. BOX 763 of Carload rreltTht 24
Fine Cedar Lumber
and Shingles ....
Orders Solicited and Correspondence Promptly Attended to
Che flnfleH'Piunfrev Cngraving Go'y.
Designers        engravers
is recommended for high -peed machinery and
small pulleys. It is made from a closely woven
number of plies of light weight duck united into
a solid mass of Para Rubber, making the strongest friction belt in the market. It is especially
adapted for service on Dynamos, Planers, Blowers, Shingle Machines or in any hard place where
a good belt is required,
lumber for Mazatlan, west coast of Mexico, has
been wrecked off the west coast of Vancouver Island, and the chances are that her entire crew of
fourteen men  have been drowned,
The Makaweli is a four-masted barkentine, belonging to Hind. Rolph & Company of San Francisco, and is a comparatively new vessel, having
been   built   at   Oakland.   Cal.,   in   rQ02,   bv   \Y.   A.
Mr. A. B. Irwin, manager of the Pacific Coast
Pipe Works, ,it this city, received advice that
the contract for over two miles of e/ire w
stave pipe hail been awarded to the local factory.
The pipe is intended for the new waterworks
system being in-tailed at the Trail smelter, and
m which a large supply of water is being brought
a distance of nearly three miles through flumes
and pipes. The contract call- for [2,000 feet r>f
pipe sixteen inches in diameter, heavily wire-
wound   t"  stand   a   high   pressure.
We   would   draw  our  readers'  attention   to  the
vertisement of the Vanstone Heating and
Plumbing Co., Ltd., which appears elsewhere in
this issue.
They are sole manufacturers oi the celebrated
Vanstone Hot Air Boiler, wdiich has earned such
fame   locally.
Many of our business men, we are pleased to
learn, have discovered its merits and endorse
them in the most practical way. by having it
installed in their office, residence and business
Tt is a purely local product. Mr. Vanstone i^
the inventor and patentee of it. It is made at
the Company'.- works.
Boole & Son-. She had a gross tonnage of 8qq
tons, and a net tonnage of oji ton-. She was
194.1 feet in length. 30.5 feet in beam and 17.5 feet
in depth. She passed out from Tacoma on October 30, and was sighted off Tatoosh on the following day.
Reports were published in local papers this
month t" the effect that several local Japanese
were endeavoring to enlist capital in their native
country for the purpose of going into the manufacturing of lumber for Oriental trade, which,
it 1- conceded will be very brisk as soon as the
Russian-Japanese war i- over. Investigation
among authoritative sources fails to give grounds
for the report, and we are advised that there is
not the most remote possibility of Japanese capital seeking investment in British Columbia lumbering enterprises, while there i^ not sufficient
local Japanese money to undertake the proposition on the -rale of magnitude suggested in the
The Bellingham Bay Improvement Co.'s mill, of
Bellingham. Wash., has been awarded a contract
by the U. S. Government, to furnish 2.028.000 feet
of lumber for use in the Panama canal work for
house building purposes. The lumber will be
carried on the Kosmns line of steamers. One of
the E. K. Wood Mill Company's Sound mills also
received a large order for the same work. It is
expected that these orders are the forerunners of
many others for Panama.
Victoria, Nov. 10. The American four-mast-d
barkentine Makaweli. of over 800 ton- register,
from Tacoma on October 30 with a full cargo of
Another 1,000,000 acre forest reserve is about to
be created in Washington, completing the withdrawal from settlement of the entire Cascade
range from British Columbia to the Oregon
boundary. Negotiations are now pending with
the Northern Pacific Railway for an exchange of
its holdings between the Washington and Rainier
forest reserves for other properties, wdiich, when
consummated, will result in the creation of the
Yakima reserve, and increasing the area withheld
from  settlement by another million  acres.
Tin' wind storms which swept this coast during the last two week- have done no inconsiderable amount of damage to logging concern-. A
donkey engine and equipment belonging to I-..
H. Heap- & Company, which wa- being moved
from one logging camp to another, wa- lost
over board from a scow while working along
Jervis Inlet, involving a monetary loss of about
$2,000. The camp of the I'.. C. Mill-. Timber
& Trading Co. at Stella Lake also suffered some
damage, while a number of booms standing at
various points along the coast an reported to
have In en broken  up by the gale.
A carload of very large squared timbers from
the camps of Chris Endresen on Gray's Harbor,
were in the local Northern Pacific yards today and
attracted much attention. The timbers are over
Xo feet long and hewn square, the sides measuring 36 inches. Each stick contains 8.500 feet of
lumber. The big sticks are used in making the
mammoth "spuds" which anchor big steam dred
gers  while  at   work,  says  "Olympia  Recorder."
The Finnish Colony, wdiich has a large land
concession from the Provincial Government
on Malcolm Island, on the West ( oast
of British Columbia, and has installed a
well equipped saw and planing mi" :it
that place, and is now entering
market with its product. Mr. Jarvenis, of \ :ui-
couver, who is the President of the Colony, -''i;,'s
that the lumber product of the Island and the
limits adjacent is among the finest in the Province.
Mr. DePencier, manager of the North Pacific
I.umber Co.. Ltd.. Barnet, B. C. returned early
tin- month from an extended trip to pa-!''"1
cities. —••»^—^—•—^^^w.
Our Logging Engines
have earned a wide reputation for Durability,
Efficiency and Pulling Qualities. The following sizes kept for immediate delivery;
10"x15" DOUBLE DRUM ROADER (\}i Mile Cable)
An absolute guarantee given with each Engine,
(all and inspect the engines at our Works. . .
Works: Heatley Ave. Vancouver, B. t
Our Steel Roller Bearing Dry Kiln Trucks Have No Equal \
We have recently added
to our works special
Machines and Tools tor
making these Trucks,
which insures perfect
alignment nf wheels and
axles. Axles and Rollers
are made of refined steel.
Made in all sizes of
channels and lengths..
British Cohnritta H
i. (■
rt !   '
Commencing January I, 1905, wc
every foot of our
It is cut from the primest part of
the hide/'f lank to Shoulder."  This
fact speaks for itself
In Rubber Belting we have " Perfection
Brand" which is adapted to the most severe
work; guaranteed to transmit 20% more power
than any other known belting.
We also have •• Fairbanks Brand " Rubber
Belting which is unequalled for general purposes.
We will belt your mill from planer to main
drive, and also make all belts endless free of
We will also rebuild your belts at a reason
able charge, and guarantee 70% efficiency.
N. B.—Do not overlook the fact that we arc
Headquarters for ...
Office and Store, 153 Hastings St.   VANCOUVER, B. C.   Machinery Warehouse, Powell St.
Canadian Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd.
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in All Kinds of
The largest Shed and Dry Kiln Capacity of any Mill In British Columbia.
Special Attention Given to Orders
from Manitoba and the Territories
Address the Company at Port Moody, or


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