BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

British Columbia Lumberman Feb 28, 1905

Item Metadata


JSON: bclumber-1.0309335.json
JSON-LD: bclumber-1.0309335-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bclumber-1.0309335-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bclumber-1.0309335-rdf.json
Turtle: bclumber-1.0309335-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bclumber-1.0309335-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bclumber-1.0309335-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

British Columbia lumberman
D.  TODD LEES Business Manager
Office,   Mackinnon Building.  Granville  Street,  Vancouver,  B. C
Telephone 1196 P. O. Drawer 928
Tkrms of Subscription (Payable in Ai>vance)
One year, Canada or the United States $ 1 06
One year, Foreign Countries    1 50
Advertising Kates on Application
Correspondence bearing upon any phase oi" the lumber industry
will be gratefully acknowledged, and discussion upon trade subjects
is invited.
The British Columbia Lumberman is devoted to the lumber
and lumbering interests of the Province of Hritish Columbia, and is
issued between the ioih and 25th of each month. To lumber manufacturers, lumber dealers, saw mill or wood-working machinery agent*
and manufacturers, no better advertising medium has ever been offered
in the West.
tMf~ Wersons corresponding with, advertisers in the "British
Columbia Lumberman will confer a favor by giving the journal
credit for such correspondence.
"Veni, vidi, vici," unfortunately, is not the slogan which our returning delegates to Ottawa can
cry, but their fight has undoubtedly given the
Government cause to feci that deep consideration
must be given to the lumber tariff question.
We have in previous issues said about all there
is to say from the British Columbia lumbermen's
view point, and we may be pardoned in this issue
for quoting in this column expressions of opinion
from the Prairies on this all important subject.
The Calgary "Herald," in a recent issue, publishes
the following interesting and instructive letter on
the matter of a protective duty, and followed it
ii]) with an editorial upon the same subject:
Editor Herald,—T would esteem it a great favor
if you would publish the following lines in your
Last night 1 received from a Winnipeg firm,
agents for American lumber, a letter and petition
blanks asking me to canvass for signatures to a
petition asking the Dominion Government not to
put any duty on American lumber. No doubt this
firm sends these blanks to every lumber dealer
and tries to get signatures on them, presuming
that it is in every lumber dealer's interest to have
the country wide open to American lumber. I
warn all lumber dealers in the Northwest not to
do anything of the kind, but if we do want to
help the country let us join the manufactureres in
asking the Government to protect the lumber industry as the eastern manufacturers are protected.
To-day two-thirds of all the lumber mills in
B.C., are shut down and nearly every one is taking
out only one half the logs they have been cut-.
ting in former years.    What does this mean to
It means that they do not require any more of
our horses, which they have bought from us in
former years at good figures. The grain and hay
supply is cut in half, hundreds of young farmers
who went every winter to the lumber woods of
B. C, and brought back thousands of dollars, with
which they improved their farms, find themselves
without employment.
If conditions continue as they are to-day we
won't have to wait long for hard times; we will
soon have them.
To-day cash is harder to get hold of than for
the last five years; it will get worse if we have no
change soon. What can we expect when we send
our good cash to the other side and get back in
lumber? Nothing, but that the country must get
Let us send our money to B. C, and we get it
back in various ways; they need our horses, need
our men, need our produce. What of it if we
pay 3 per cent, more for our lumber? Does this
signify anything? T think not, as long as they
pay high wages to the men we send them from
the country and good prices for our produce.
I do not alone want every lumber dealer to
whom I preseume the petition lists are sent, to
help, but I ask every business man and farmer to
well consider the question. Let B. C. flourish,
and we will flourish; let us all do our share towards it, as B. C. is the only market we have for
all our produce.
High River, Alberta, Feb. I, 1005.
"No one disputes that the British Columbia industry is being destroyed. No one questions
that the lumber interests of the States adjacent to
the Canadian border are flourishing.
"Why this difference?
"It would occur to the man of ordinary intelligence that the collapse of a business involving
hundreds of millions of dollars to western Canada wrould command the serious attention of the
Dominion Government, but apparently it does not.
"Politics ought not to figure in such a proposition, but every school boy knows that it does.
"The Territories and Manitoba are the great
market for British Columbia lumber. The consumption in that market was enormous last year.
The building operations in western Canada exceeded all previous years in 1004. Every little
town in the Territories and every big one employed every man capable of driving a nail or
pushing a handsaw, yet in spite of this colossal
c <c t-xm
inserted tooth, shingle and BAND   i  file Room Machines and Tools   |
====== SA\A/S==  I  Emery Wheels, Silver Solder, &c., &e.  j
•      B&ffVBT1   R.   HOE  6c  Co.,  New York.  f
j   REPAIRS executed promptly by expert workmen.     INSERTED TOOTH SAWS REMILLED AND REFITTED.
WE    ARE    HERE    ON    THE    GROUND!
——————————————————————6 it ■
; M
iS?3b  V---V. .- ■:;. '
&&'$,''''  ' -> 'A '•"'■■
The Cdnddian Pacific Rdilway (o.
fine Timbered Land
Kootenay, Boundary and Okanagan
Districts of Southern British Columbia.
For Maps and full particulars apply to
B. C. Land Commissioner, Canadian Pacific Railway Co.,
Calgary, Alberta
Saw Mill Plant and Timber Limits
(Recently the Property of the Cedar Valley Improvement Oo.)
1827 ACRES, \\ miles from Fernie, B. 0., heavily timbered
with Cedar, Fir, Spruce and Tamarac, easily accessible for
logging purposes both in summer and winter.
SAW MILL, Waterous mill with capacity of 40 thousand feet
per day, with planers, lath mill, etc., all complete.
STABLES, dwelling houses, store, smithy and logging camp,
all substantially built and ready for occupation.
The limits are held under Crown Grant and purchaser can
enter and begin operations without any delay.
For farther particulars, price, terms, etc., address
or, PH. VIBERT, Esq.,
H. B. GILMOUR, Esq., Manager Union Bank of Canada,
activity, the Hritish Columbia lumbering industry
is being driven to the wall.
"Does it require any particular wisdom to discern the source of the embarrassment?
"Canada has the market and the material and
yet her industry slumps, while the foreign producer supplies the demand in the Canadian west.
The dollar sent into the United States for lumber
never returns, but the dollar sent into Hritish
Columbia comes back to the Territories in the
form of salaries to laborers, for products of the
ranch and farm, and manufactured articles.
"In the face of this astonishing situation in the
west, the reports from Ottawa are that 'the Government has given the British Columbia lumbermen little reason to hope for any change in the
"The Canadian lumber dealers offer to guarantee absolutely that no advance will take place in
the price of lumber if a tariff i.s placed on the
rough stock from the States, but in spite of this
solemn engagement, the wise men at Ottawa are
unable  to afford  relief.
"Shorn of official red tape and political expedients this very much resembles rank favoritism
for foreign trade, to say nothing of suicidal business methods.
"The western consumers of lumber prefer to
patronize home industries, yet the wisdom of
the Dominion ministry makes it impossible. A
revival of prosperity in the lumber camps of
Hritish Columbia would benefit every citizen* of
Canada one way or another, and this could be
realized by a $2 per thousand protective tariff on
rough lumber from the States, and yet this concession cannot be secured."
According to interior exchanges the lumber
manufacturers east of the Cascades are losing no
time towards the furtherance of their business
with Manitoba and the Territories for this season.
A number of members of the Mountain Mills Association have decided on the aggressive policy
of starting lumber yards in the prairie country.
Several yards have been opened along the line
of the Crow's Nest Pass railway, and others are
planned east of Medicine Hat. Kvery effort is
being made by mountain milimen to compete in
the Northwest with the lumber which is shipped
there from Puget Sound and other United States
In devoting so much space as we have done
lately to forestry conditions throughout Canada,
hut more particularly to those of this Province,
we have done so with the conviction that our
legislators have in this matter a duty which carries with its accomplishment results extending far
into and materially influencing the future of our
A little investigation will prove to all who are
interested that the present methods of utilising
our timber resources, which—although probably
occupying in this Province fully one-half of our
entire productive area—large as that area is, cannot be continued without their ultimate extinction.
The manner in which this timber is procured
for the manufacturer is wasteful in the extreme,
and criminally neglectful of the obligations wc
owe to future generations. Revenue, and revenue
alone, seem to be the only aim of those at the
head of our forest department; and such a calamity as the ultimate exhaustion of our timber never
enters into their calculations. There is no attempt at better protection from fire, which destroys annually much more timber than is cut,
although proper protection over such large areas
needs at certain seasons hundreds of rangers. No
attempt is made to ensure the burning at proper
seasons of the waste and debris which so quickly
gathers in every lumber camp, and which is the
cause of so many destructive fires. No attempt
whatever is made to study the climatic changes,
the cause of and prevention of floods, drought,
and other similar phenomena following in the
footsteps of the devastation of large forest areas,
and there is no attempt whatever to effect a cure
of some of these ills by replanting these wastes
or by protecting the efforts of nature in its attempts to perpetuate the vanishing species in the
self-sown young seedlings, although from a business point of view the natural growth of every
tree so planted or protected would be a sufficient
increase to pay good interest on the expense incurred in their protection and growth.
The accumulation of natural wealth in thousands of miles of well grown timber should not
make us forget that while such wealth can be
made perpetual, without limiting by a single stick
any necessary output, it cannot be made so by
the present rule of thumb methods, or by the
enonomy which makes no efforts to prevent the
annual fires which destroy such large areas. To
the layman it may seem a very creditable thing
for the Government to state that their revenue
from the forest was so many thousand dollars last
year in excess of a previous year, when, as a matter of fact, it would have much better repaid the
country if most of this sum had been paid out as
wages to a staff of men to guard these woods
from fires, and to get information as to the extent and quality of these timber lands, about which
very little is known at present. Our present duty
is to manage these great timber resources, not
only to the great benefit of the country, but so
thoroughly and practically that future generations
will not be sufferers by methods which, in this
scientific age, are inexcusable. We must remember   that  great as   the  demand  now  is  for  our
western lumber, that in ten years hence, with the
opening of the Panama Canal, the demand will be
increased ten-fold, and this demand can be supplied without any fear of ultimate extinction if
scientifically managed.
Much is to be gained by gleaning from the experience of other nations in their study of the
Science of Forestry, and in the management of
their own forests. Spain, which in the clays of
her prosperity, was supplied with apparently inexhaustible forests, dates its decadence, according to some historians, from the exhaustion of
this timber wealth.
Brazil, by rule of thumb methods, has sold or
destroyed the bulk of the valuable timber on what
were extensive forest lands, and is now suffering
from both drought, flood and famine in many
districts, which are attributed to the climatic
changes caused by the disappearance of this timber.
We have in Canada a Forestry Association,
which bids fair in a few years to educate the public to the necessity of a more perfect understanding with a very comprehensive subject. Its value,
however, is handicapped by the fact that not
enough application is made to the practical part
of the business, "theory being less costly." When,
however, this objection is overcome, as no doubt
it will be in time, and with the establishment of
schools of forestry or sylviculture, educating
students in this subject as a higher science, which
embodies a knowledge of such natural sciences as
botany, zoology, mineralogy and chemistry, as
well as a thorough knowledge of the lumberman's
and millman's business, and the commercial side
of the question; knowledge which will take some
years to acquire, but which will make foresters
whose special knowledge will preserve an evergrowing and profitable industry.
It may seem to some like shipping coals to
Newcastle to advise an extension of our very
extensive timber area, but sometimes this might
be done to advantage, not only for future benefit
from the growth of the timber itself, but from
the climatic changes which would follow the
introduction of belts of timber in arid districts,
such as we have near Kamloops, in parts of the
Okanagan and in the upper Fraser country. In
these districts there are large areas perfectly
treeless; in places can be found bunch grass admirable for stock-raising, but easily destroyed,
when it is generally replaced by sage brush, both
useless and ugly. There is no doubt that trees
of economic value could be grown upon much
of this lan,d, and with their growth would come
The Qutta Percha and Rubber Manufacturing Co'y,
"Monarch," "Red Strip" and "Lion" Brands Plain.    "Maltese Cross" and "Beaver" Stitched.
Fire Hose and Fire Department Supplies. ==  Sheet and Piston Packings.
VANCOUVER BRANCH :  160 Hastings Street West
a greater rainfall, with a consequent increase  in begun \o realize that  the object lesson of   Maine tends for 500 miles, from the Canadian boundai
productiveness. and   Wisconsin,   then    almost    deforested    now to   California.    In   Washington   State   these   r,
With  the  valley of the  upper  Fraser, much  oi completely  so    called  for  further study  in  meth- serves   total   one-seventh  of  the   entire   State;
its soil has been cursed with the presence of just -1- to protect her remaining forest lands from Oregon   they   amount  to  oncthirteenth  of  tl
enough alluvial gold to afford a wage to a China- the   ..une   exhausting   system.    Under   the   direc- State.    So   far-reaching   are   the   efforts   of   ,
man    and   the   thousands   that   were   allowed   to tion oi the Bureau -1  Agriculture at Washington, Government  in  this  direction  that, in  the   [slat
extract  this  gold have left  in  places  a  veritable the   Bureau  oi  Forestry  was inaugurated,  and  at oi   PortO   Rico,   one   of   the   late   acquisitions  ,
.tony   desert behind;   the  administration    seeing present,   under   an   expenditure   of  about   half   a the  States, a forest  reserve of some 65.000 acr,
nothing but the profit from the annual head  tax. million   dollars,   is   learning   that   its   mission   is has been  made  lately, and  all  these  reserves a.
However, large  areas   of  this  land   remain    and a very important one. ami with the assistance of in charge ot  well-trained  foresters or rangers,
will be   found by the   foresters  of  the  future   to the   students   now   trained   in   the   many   colleges In connection with the foregoing it is interest
be capable of sustaining much forest life, prob- which  have established chairs  for  the  study of ing to note where Canada stands in the timber- n
ably bringing moisture  to what is  now regarded forestry, is beginning to realise that  this science sources   of   the   world,   and   having  this   herita,
the  drv belt can '>0  nia('c  to produce  very handsome returns. now, steps cannot too soon be taken to preset'
,    ,         .              ,  f InvestiiT-itirm   hno  nrnwpd   tlvo   th,.   -i,-tn-il   lum it for the benefit of the country and our posterit
The  importance  of  the  science   of  forestry  is investigation   n.is  proved   that  tne  actual   lum- ■»                 »
well   understood   in   Europe.    France   has   been ber now consumed need not prevent future gen- 7m™V
legislating for the protection  and  improvements erations Iron,  the use oi  some of this timber, it ^.^ SuUi. 450,000.0,
of forests.   For over 250 years its present fores- proper  methods  are   taken   to  prevent   wasteful European Russia 527,000,01
try   department     exercises    a    jurisdiction   over destruction. Norway and Sweden    58.000.rv
every  timber  tract  in   the  country,  state   or  pri- According   to   the   Government   timber   expert All Europe 7->o,ooo,<>..
......                    ,  , ...    , ■              p.                                      -    , India 140,000,0' 0
Ltc, and decides when it is to be  cut. and how For  Washington  State,  20  per  cent,  oi   the  mer- \ustralia (New Zealand)   40,000,00
iced by  young  forests,  paying  particular at- chantable timber of that  State has been cut, but, Japan    28,000,000
on  to the relation of the forest to drainage, mark  this,  jj'j per cent, has been  destroyed  by  ■
Prussia has the most scientific  forestry ad- fire.    And   there  is  no  reason   t«. doubt   that  the THE EAST KOOTENAY CUT.
itration in  the  world, with  a  large army of same   percentage   of   timber   is  destroyed   by  tire 	
Iters, who have  been  trained  in  special   for- elsewhere. Interest  in lumber circles are now centered on
,               ~.,                          .    „,, ,    • ■ rr.      T,    L  .             ,     ,.              ,                 , the output of Southeast Kootenay for 1905, says
academies.   The   government   and   munici- The  East is now looking to the West  for its o , por, Steele "Prosoector"
fes control over twenty million acres of tim- future   supply   of   lumber,    and    while    Michigan \\   js  confidently  expected   that   I905  will  he 3
fed, and derive  an  average  annual  revenue and   Georgia,   and   perhaps   Kentucky,   are.   with good year for Southeast Kootenay.    The Eastern
rty million dollars therefrom.   Every tim- more   favorable  transportation  conditions   hold- demand for British Columbia was very lax during
let  in   the  country  has  its   special   survey ing  the  market  for  the  present,  it  is  still'a  fact !,u' !;i>t- hal£.°f  I004, but  the  prospects  are very
, .          ,               .                         •    .   ,           f ,         ,     „              .,,.,. bright tor this year.     1 he local trade was all that
mrkmg plans,  and great  care » taken of that the States ot Washington and Oregon sup- „,ul(1 be expected during the past year, and prices
fops    of    self-sown    and     artificially-sown ply   i/i4th   of   the  total   amount   of  lumber   used were  such  as  warranted   a   reasonable  profit.    It
igs.     Growth   experiments  are  being  made in the F.ast.    Tt may be interesting ,,, know that, 'v   expected  that   in  the   Kootenay  valley,  owing
■fitly.    Many   sandy   wastes   have  been   re- according to official estimates, Washington State '" tne construction of the Kootenay Central rail-
.^.1      .,,.,,1    o^«    ,-,f.,..    ,.,^,-,.,-o,l    %uitli     linnw u„*    ,~-^^                       1          -    •    ,        1      <               , way and building operations, the demand will be
led,     and   are    now    covered    witn    nea\> has  4,.700  square   miles   oi   timber   lands    euua ■            ,■                   ,         ,   ,
-_  ,        ,        , ' quite heavy this year, and much heavy construe
Btfhs   of   timber. to  ;r   per  cent,   of   the   entire   area   of   the   State. tion   ,,   promised   in   the   vicinity   of   Fort   Steele
in  England  individual  self-interest  fairly  well Oregon  has  54, "n scpiare  miles, or  57   per  cent. and Bull river, and along the line of the Kootenay
Irotects  the limited  amount of  growing  timber, of the State.    An estimate of the amount of mer- Central.
It being the custom to plant a young tree when chantable timber in  Washington  State gives 200 The <UUpUt f"r1 the year 1<)0\in S,,il,t!^,^t K""!
-.. .                 .           , , ....       e        .     ~            „                  enay ts estimated at 70,000,000 feet, divided among
an old  one  is  cut.    Ot  late  years  large   planta- billion   feet;   in   Oregon   State.   225   billion   feet; the following milling companies:
tions   of   larch   and   other   quick-growing    trees in California State, 200 billion  feet.    Under pres-       Crow's   Nest   Lumber   Co 10,000,000
have been laid out by estate owners in both Eng- ent  system, condition  and consumption, it  will,      hast Kootenay Lumber Co 8,000,000
land  and   Scotland.    These   arc   mostly  used  for it is  estimated, last  for   125 years. Elk   River  Lumber  Co 8,000,000
railway ties and like purposes. Fortunately, however,  for  the  welfare of nos-       e.    1     t      t      ^  *
' 'i' Staples Lumber Co 6,000,000
All other European countries administer their      terity,  the  lessons   learned  by  the   Government       Wardrope Lumber Co  5,000,000
forests on a scientific basis, and are endeavoring       through   its   forestry   department   have   assumed        Fernie Lumber Co   4,000,000
to recover in this way some of the forest wealth       the   practical   form   of   creating   forest   reserves,        Elk River, Mclnnes. 3,000,000
which in the past was ruthlessly destroyed with-       now   totalling   some   63   million   acres.    Included       \^i"!.0? & McKenzie 3.000,000
. Adolph Lumber Co   3,000,000
out  thought Of the  morrow. 111  this are large tracts oi  forests along the sum-        Standard  Lumber Co  4,000,000
We   are   all   aware    of   the    great    strides   the mits  of  the  Cascade   Mountains  in  both   Oregon        Carnitines  Lumber Co  3,000.000
United States have been making of late years in and   Washington.     \\,t   only   are   these   reserves        Cranbrook   Sash   &   Door  .2,000,000
the   scientific   administration   of   her   timber   re- made  to  protect  the  timber, but  also  to  protect        Crow's  Nest  Coal   Lumber  Co  2,900,000
,,,,,(•,,                                      _          ,       N,  Hanson, Wasa  2,000,000
sources. the   headwaters   ol   the   various   rivers.    Part   ol
It  is now 30 years  since  the  Government  first this  reserve averages  50  miles  in  width,  and ex- Total..                                                        7ooooi>on
Complete Lighting Plants for Saw Mills.     Electric Derricks for Timber
Loading arranged to Operate from Mill Electric Lighting Plants.
Elect** switchboard, Lamps, Pumps and all
Supplies in Stock.   Write for Prices	
H. DePENCIER, Manager
North Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd
BARNET,   B.   C.
\ ^ eo^bla Fh% S~^*«*
|     Mills on Burrard Inlet and Canadian Pacific Railway
HUGH MoDONALD. President
Brunette Saw
Co.. Ltd
(P. 0. Address, SAPPERTON, B. C.)
Lumber, Shingles, Boxes, Mouldings
L. A. LEWIS, General Manager    $l
* You need not go elsewhere; we supply all kinds of British Columbia Lumber 4
* *
It It pays to order Lumber, Shingles, Mouldings, Laths, Doors, Etc., In *f
4* mixed carloads, as you can then keep less on hand, and ordering 4
4* in this way you get quicker shipment          T
*   1
*   |
| Saw Mill, Planing Mill, Shingle Mill and Box Factory on C.P.R. and Fraser River, at Sapperton *
a. +J* 6
•■:  !
ixxxixxxixxxxzzzzxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxzxxxx cxxxxtl
From our Special Correspondents.
Puget Sound Companies Acquire Large Timber
Holdings on Vancouver Island.—Victoria
Lumber Business Inactive, but the Prospects
arc Bright.
Victoria, Feb. 20.—The big lumber deal, the
opening of negotiations for which was announced
in this column of the "Lumberman" some months
ago, iias just been consummated. The parties to
the transaction are the Dunsniuir interests, vendors, and the Everett Timber and Investment
Company and the International Lumber Company. The sale includes about 500,000 acres of
fir timber, situated in townships I, 2, 3, 4 and 9,
Comox district, and in Alberni, Newcastle, Duns-
muir, Cowichan Lake and Bright districts, and
is said to be the choice of the best timber on
Vancouver Island. The consideration is reported
to be between $350,000 and $400,000, or about $7.50
per acre. The purchasers have made no announcement as to their intentions with regard to
their newly acquired property, but it is generally
supposed that they will simply hold on to it till
such time as they can sell out at a large profit,
or until an increased demand for lumber causes a
material advance in prices. On the other hand,
it is stated that they will put in a large modern
plant at a central point on their property and
manufacture lumber on a very extensive scale, to
meet the demand wdiich the building of the Grand
Trunk Pacific is sure to create, besides securing
a share of the Oriental trade. There are others
who express the opinion that the new limits will
be used as a feeder for the Washington mills, in
which case the benefit to British Columbia will
be practically nil, and instead of this latest transaction in timber marking a new era of prosperity
in the lumber business, it will be a positive detriment. The export tax on logs will not apply to
this property, and consequently if the owners
wish they can tow the logs over to Washington,
cut them there, and then ship them back to Canada, in the shape of rough lumber, and undersell
our local mills. That is the cheerful outlook presented to British Columbia lumbermen if the Dominion Government ignores their prayer for protection, for the case just cited is by no means a
solitary one.
The eagerness with which the crown granted
timber lands of Vancouver Island are being
bought up by big United States capitalists has
aroused a suspicion—amounting almost to conviction—in many minds that the United States
Lumber Trust, having secured all the timber
worth having in their own country, are now
quietly assimilating all the most available tracts
" Canadian timber, so that in the near future they
will absolutely control the lumber markets of
North America and regulate prices as arbitrarily
as the Standard Oil or the  Beef Trust.
Waiting for Spring Trade.
There is very little doing in the lumber business locally, the spring trade not being open, but
the milimen are very hopeful of a good summer.
Orders from the east are unusually numerous
for this time of year. They are being plentifully
received from Manitoba and Territorial points,
with a good number from further east. Several
inquiries have ben received from the United
States asking quotations on high grades of lumber, but in the majority of cases no business can
be done, owing to the United States tariff and
high freight rates.
The C. P. R. in Victoria.
The C. P. R. have decided to build another
large dock on the Belleville street front of the
harbor and connected with the present dock. The
new structure will call for quite a large quantity of piles and extra heavy timbers.
Milimen are anticipating orders as soon as the
contract   for   the   C.   P.   R,  hotel  is   let.  and   the
announcement is expected  from day to day.
The purchase of the Esquimalt & Nanaimo
railway by the C, 1'. R. IS hailed with pleasure
by all. The new move i> regarded as the beginning of presperous times for Victoria and Vancouver Island, as the big corporation will neglect no opportunity of extending its business
that will have a direct and beneficial effect on
business  generally.
The Western Retail Lumber Dealers' Association
....Holds an Important Session in Winnipeg.—
Tariff   Protests.—Doukhobors    Looking   for
Winnipeg, Feb. 18.—A feature of the recent annual
meeting of Western Canada Retail Lumber Dealers' Association, held at the Eureka Hall here, was
the mutual agreement between the members of the
organization to abolish the honorary membership.
The latter was composed of the wholesalers and
manufacturers, and as a result of the deliberations
at the annual meeting the two sections of the business are now separate so far as Association interests
are concerned.
While the new status of affairs was accomplished
without apparent friction at the meeting, there has
been considerable ground for dissatisfaction for some
time. The wholesalers claim that the retailers,
especially those in Winnipeg and its vicinity, were
habitually violating the agreement which they had
made to purchase only from the honorary members
of the Association. The matters in dispute were
made an issue long before the annual meeting by
the action of the Mountain Mill Owners' Association,
which withdrew from the organization in a body.
Both wholesalers and retailers are unanimous,
however, that there will he no reduction in the retail price of lumber. Some people were accustomed
to regard the Western Retail Dealers' Association
as a sort of trust by which a monopoly was engineered, and they frequently expressed themselves to
the effect that if the Association were disbanded the
price of lumber would he reduced. Prominent members of both sections, in discussing the situation as
it will he under the new order, state that there will
he no reduction. One retailer said that the books of
his office were always open to anyone who had the
impression that he was making fabulous profits on
the lumber he sold. The agreement by members of
the Association was that they were to sell at a profit
of not more than 20 per cent, over the wholesale
price. The expense of the business and the frequency with which the retailer had to carry custom
ers on his hooks, sometimes for years, and the large
amount of had debts incurred, made the trade so
hazardous that a dealer who got away with a profit
of ten per cent, could be regarded as a very fortunate man.
E, 11 Heaps, of Vancouver, who was in the city
some days ago on his way east to attend the meetings which wen' to be held at Toronto and Ottawa
to lay the matter of an import duty on American
lumber before the Government, stated that so far as
his firm was concerned, sales would be made to any
reputable retail dealer, whether he was a member of
the Association or not, and he understood that was
to he the ha-is upon which all the wholesalers and
manufacturers would operate. All dealers, whether
members of the Association or not, would be at lib
erty to buy where they pleased.
Mutual Insurance  Adopted.
Another important step made at the meeting was
the decision to adopt the mutual system of insuring
the yards operated by the members. It was shown
by statistics that in the United States, when the mutual system was in vogue, a remarkable saving had
been made in the amount of premiums paid by the
lumbermen. The Western Retail Dealers' Association has a membership of about 500, and has a surplus fund of about $10,000, A committee, composed
of Messrs. McKinney, of Sintaluta; 1). Sinclair, of
Winnipeg; J. C. Graham, of Winnipeg; J. Thompson, or Areola, and Dan Lincoln, of Winnipeg, was
drafted to commence the active  work of organizing
a mutual insurance company, in accordance with
provisions of the statue governing such.
It was stated by members of the Association 1
the cost fur insurance during the past year was
per cent . while in Minnesota, where the mutual p
is in operation, the cost is .'-'4 per cent.    The avera
rate in Minnesota for ten years has been .4K per ci
I'he  rate to  he  charged  hy  the  Western  Compai
fur the first year is I per cent., but it is believed t1
the actual cost will not be greater than \z of I ;■
cent.    Business    will    be   commenced     with    n
amounting to $1,200,000, and  the saving affected
members for the year will amount  to $24,000.    1
limit of insurance on a single yard is $3,000, but n<
year a second series is to go into operation by win
members may increase their insurance.
The officers of the Association elected are as fi
lows: President, J. L. Campbell, of Mclita; Vii
President, D. E, Sprague, Winnipeg; Directors,
Burns, of Milestone, and D. Lincoln, of Winnipi
Isaac Cockburn, of Winnipeg, is Secretary-Treasu:
of the Association.
1 ;
Hoo Hoo Session at Winnipeg.
Advantage was taken of the gathering of lumbei
men to hold a concatenation of the Hoo Hoo. That
it was successful from a membership point of view
was marked by the initiation of thirty kittens into
the mysteries oi the onion bed. The Province, the
territories and Western Ontario were represented
At the conclusion of the lodge session a banquet was
tendered the visitor^ at the Metropolitan Hotel. The
officers elected were as follows: Snark of the Universe, D. B Sprague; Senior Hoo Hoo, James Ovas;
Junior Hoo Hoo, VV. L Chandler; Bojam, T. R,
Case; Scrutineer. Jey Spencer; Jabhruock, William
Tomlinson; Custocatian, Harold Sprague; Arcano-
per, Bob Jones; Gardener, Dan McDonald; Official
Barber, Dan Lincoln The concatenation is said to
be the largest ever held in Canada.
Agitation Over Lumber Duty.
The agricultural community of Manitoba is considerably exercised over the agitation now going
on in favor of an import duty on American lumber,
which the delegates representing the western lumber interests are asking the Dominion Government
to impose At the convention of the Manitoba Grain
growers' Association at Brandon the following resolution was passed:
"Whereas, the lumber manufacturers are endeavor
ing to have a duty imposed 011 rough lumber, in order
to   facilitate   the  possibility   of  increasing   the   price
of that commodity, and
"Whereas, we believe the present price of all kinds
of lumber sold in Manitoba is already excessive, placing it beyond the reach of the average settler to decently, much le>s comfortably, house himself and his
stock, which is a great hardship to the thousands of
new settlers coming into this prairie country, where
building material is so scarce, thereby retarding the
progress of this otherwise magnificent country;
"Therefore, he it resolved that this convention
here assembled do respectfully urge your Government
to not only continue rough lumber on the free list,
but   also   to   remove   the   present   duty   on  all  other
The address of R   Mackenzie, President of the Aj
sociation,  contained  the   following  reference to the
lumber situation:
"As you are aware, at the last convention held here,
there  was  a committee  appointed  to  look   into  the
matter of a lumber combine.    That committee re
ported  to the convention  then assembled.    Anothei
committee  was appointed   to   look   further  into the
matter and they reported  to your executive.    Your
executive has, during the year, taken the matter Up
At a meeting held in Winnipeg we bad an interview
with several of the independent lumber dealers.    A
considerable amount of evidence was laid before US
1, myself, personally had  an  interview  with   ID
Robinson, a very prominent independent lumber deal
er, and the substance of that interview is as follows:
Regarding your enquiry about  the lumber combine,
I   wish  to   say:     The  Western   Retail   Lumber   As
sociation at Winnipeg and the British Columbia M
sociation work together,  which makes it  solid from
Lake Superior to the roast.
"The  Canadian  sawmillers.  with  one or two CX
ceptions, all belong to it, and they control the retail
members.    Only those who will agree to buy all then BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
stock from Canadian mills will be taken into it,
so that retail members <»f the Association have no
option, but must buy from Canadian mills at their
own price or violate their agreement with the Association, and Canadian mills refuse to sell to any one
not in the Association.
"Before the Conservative Government went out
of office they took the duty off all rough lumber, but
25 per cent, on siding flooring, shiplap and all such
finished lumber. That enables independent dealers,
who can control enough capital, to buy American
rough lumber cheaper than the combine wish to sell
it for, and they can and do buy finishing lumber, and
lay it down at the railway competing points, cheaper
than the combine sell it, and at the same time
pay 25 per cent, duty on it. These independent dealers are a disturbing element, in the lumber trade,
and what the double combine met in Winnipeg for
in February, 1904, was to put them out of business,
so they would have the whole Canadian market to
themselves and at their own price. That can be
done in two ways, and it is hard to say which is
the most villainous; one is by getting the duty reinforced on rough lumber, and the other is by getting
the railway companies to put a prohibitive rate on
American lumber. One asks the Dominion Government to combine with the combine to rob the people,
and the other asks the railway companies to conspire with them for the same purpose, and either is
the meanest kind of robbery, because it robs the
needy settler to enable the sawmiller to buy $7,000
"Most of our lumber comes from British Colum-
hia, Washington, Minnesota, and Northern Ontario.
The railway through rates are relatively all the same,
which puts the Canadian and American sawmiller
all on the same basis, but the 25 per cent, duty on
finished lumber coming into this country gives the
Canadian sawmiller that much advantage over the
American, and by refusing to sell rough lumber to
members of the Association who attempt to buy it
from the Americans, they force them to buy their
rough lumber from the Canadian sawmiller at 25
per cent, more than they could otherwise get it,
which causes the retailer to have to charge the consumer 25 per cent, more than he otherwise would.
But independent dealers at competing points, such
as Winnipeg and Brandon, get their supply from the
Americans at a much lower rate, which forces the
combine to sell at competing points at a much lower
price, or lose the trade at all such points. To stop
this competition the combine asks the railway companies to put a prohibitive rate on all lumber coming
in from the other side, or the Government to reinforce the duty on American lumber; either would
give an absolute control of the Canadian lumber market, when they would increase the price of lumber
25 per cent, to all this country.
"This country will need about live hundred million
feet of lumber a year; 25 per cent, advance on that
would mean over $2,000,000, which, if they succeed,
the consumers of lumber will have to pay to Canadian
sawmillers more than the lumber could be got for
under honest conditions. And in the twentieth century this kind of thing is called business. This simple
statement of the facts should cause all but Canadian
Sawmillers to protest vigorously, and it should he
the strongest argument against tariff protection and
in favor of government ownership of all our transportation. What a farce it is for our Government
to be spending hundreds of thousands of dollars to
get immigrants and then put a 25 per cent, duty on
lumber, DO per cent, of which finds it way into the
pockets of a few Canadian sawmillers."
Manitoba Timber Berth Sales.
According to one of the returns made at the session of the Manitoba Legislature inst closed, the
present Government has disposed of 29 timber berths
since December :*, 1899. I'he smallest area sold in
one parcel was (MO acres, and the largest 15,862 acres.
The amounts realized on the sales range from $3.75
to $1,251.
Doukhobors Want Timber Privileges.
The Doukhobors who have colonies in the Territories with a population of between two and three
thousand have applied to Hon. Clifford Sifton, Minister of the Interior, for the privilege of cutting timber
on reserves which are near their colonies. If the
privileges are granted it is likely that  a couple of
small saw mills will be built to supply the demand
for lumber which the Doukhs now require for housebuilding. {
Decrease in Lumber Cut.
According to the reports from the lumber district
near Duluth, the cut for the past year showed a decrease of 135,000,000 feet from the output of the
previous year. The total cut for the year is 1,017,-
504,000. The cause of the decrease is given as the
closing down of quite a number of mills in the district. In the early part of 1904 the market conditions
did not warrant extraordinary activity.
Pigeon River Company's Mill Starts.
The Pigeon River Lumber Company's mill at Port
Arthur has commenced operations, which will be continued during the rest of the winter, the logs being
brought to the mill over the old Port Arthur, Duluth
& Western road. M. T. O'Connell. of Iron River,
Mich., has been appointed general manager of the
Pigeon River Company. He was general superintendent of the Alexander & Edgar Lumber Company
at that place.
Power Company Hustles Business.
The people of Fort Frances, in the Rainy River
District, are jubilant over the prospects for the coming
season. 'I'he works projected by the Backus-Brooks
Company, which has commenced construction on the
big international dam across the Rainy River, provide for the outlay of $5,000,000. The contract for
the dam has been let to McGuire & Peniman. of
Providence, R. I., and the engineer is now on the
ground laying out plans for operations. The cost of
the dam is to be three millions, while two millions
additional is to be expended on a pulp and flour mill.
The pulp mill is to have a capacity of 500 tons of
pulp per day, while the flour mill is to turn out 5,000
barrels of flour per day. In connection with the flour
mill will be large cooperage works, which will give
considerable employment. These are to be on the
Canadian side of the river, while on the American
side will be erected a paper mill, which will practically consume the product of the pulp mill.
Upward Tendency of the Ontario Market.—Important Action of Ontario Lumbermen's Association.—Imports and  Exports.
Toronto, Feb. 16.—The lumber market though
quiet as is to be expected at this season, i.s firm
in tone, operators generally anticipating some advance in prices with the opening of spring. They
are encouraged by the more favorable outlook
of the British trade and the certainty of a heavy
local demand to maintain prices firmly and there
is a disposition on the part of some to hold for
an increase. There have been many enquiries
from American buyers, but sales so far have not
been numerous owing to the stiffening of the market. The season has been a very favorable one
for cutting ami hauling and as wages have been
a good deal lower than last season, the cost, of
production has been considerably lessened, but
in view of the smaller cut and the prospective
requirements of the consumer this is hardly likely to be a factor in fixing prices. The scarcity of
lath, which has been bought, up extensively of late, is one of the salient features of the
situation, as the available supply is hardly adequate to the probable demand. Toronto had a
very active building season last year, the amount
expended being nearly six million dollars, but owing to the rapid growth of population the supply
of dwelling houses is still wholly inadequate and
rents are abnormally high. This demand, which
must be met, together with the construction of
new factories, commercial buildings, &c, implies
a very heavy consumption of lumber, and the
same situation on a lesser scale is found in many
other cities and towns of Ontario. But for the
continued importation of Georgia pine in large
quantities the trade might look forward to a unusually prosperous and profitable season.
Hardwoods and Decorative Timbers
Railway Ties, Dock Building and Piles.
Our Iron Woods for Railway Ties
Australian Decorative Timbers are Unrivalled!
Agent for Canada and Washington :
P. 0. Box 909
Ontario  Lumbermen's  Association.
The annual meeting of the Ontario Lumbermen's Association was held on the 6th inst., in
the Board oi Trade building, W. D. Lummis, president, in the chair. The session was a short on,e
as arrangements had been made for the representatives of the organization to leave the same
evening for Ottawa to interview Sir Wilfrid Laurier in connection with the British Columbia deputation to urge on the government the imposition
of a duty upon imported lumber and shingles similar to that imposed by the United States on the
Canadian product. Alter some discussion a resolution was adopted ratifying the action previously taken by the executive in regard to this
matter, attention being directed to the fact that
whereas in 1003 the total imports of American
lumber aggregated 60,000,000 feet the returns for
1904 showed total importations of 140,000,000
The only other important matter considered
was the question of demurrage charges by the
railroads upon which the following resolution
was adopted: 'AYhcreas lumber dealers of Ontario are suffering at the hands of the railways
from the unfair working of demurrage charges,
since on account of the uncertain car supply at
shipping points and the great irregularity in forwarding cars, a number of cars for one. consignee
accumulate in transit and are all placed at one
time on a siding to be unloaded, demurrage being
strictly assessed without regard to the cause of
"It is resolved the Lumber Manufacturers' Association of Ontario, protest against these unfair conditions, and will join with the Canadian
Manufacturers' Association in presenting the
question of demurrage charges before the Railway Commission for equitable adjustment."
The following officers were elected: President,
J. B. Miller, Toronto; first vice-president, Robert
Watt, Wiarton; second vice-president, Dwight J.
Turner. Midland; secretary-treasurer, W. B. Tin-
dall, Toronto, and board of management, W. D.
Lummis, R. Laidlaw, George Thompson, W. B.
McLean, W. P. Bull, R. ll. Roys. D. L. White,
W. J. Aid and W. T. Sheppard, the other officers
being ex-officio members.
The Settler vs the Lumberman.
The new Conservative administration of Ontario, under the Premiership of Mr. Whitney, has
assumed office. It was rather a surprise when
Mr. J. J. Foy, of Toronto, was assigned the position of Commissioner of Crown Lands in place
of that of Attorney-General, for which he is especially fitted by training and experience. It is
understood, however, that this arrangement is
only temporary, and that in a couple of months
or so be will take the attorney-generalship. It is
therefore hardly likely that those considerable
changes in Crown Land regulations which have
been foreshadowed as a result of the accession of
the Conservatives to power will be made in the
meantime. Mr. Whitney and his colleagues,
when in opposition, repeatedly expressed them- BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
1 ,
ft m (Hi Hi, Timber Ii Mtt ffj
Fir, Cedar, Spruce
Both Clear
and Rough
We have a large
Stock on Hand of
E. G. Flooring
1-2 in, Ceiling, Drop Siding, Etc.
Shingles, Lath, Doors
...and Mouldings
We can Load
Mixed Cars
Hastings Saw   Mill,  Vancouver
Moodyville Saw Mill, Burrard Inlet
Royal City Saw and Planing Mills, Vancouver
Royal City Saw and Planing Mills, New Westminster
_ Chemainus,   B.  C. ^\ ♦
\ Flooring
| Siding
\ Factory Stock
! Ceiling
Base ♦
Casings \
Kiln Dried Cedar and Fit ■ Mouldings ♦
Jambs 1
Dimension Lumber of all Kinds
Lir and Cedar
E. H. HEAPS & CO.,
Lath, Shingles, Doors, Mouldings, Etc.
Cedar Bevelled Siding, Cedar Deer and Sash Stock, cut to she, Cedar Finish, Base, Casing, Newels, Balusters,
Etc.  Douglas Fir Timber up to 85 feet In length.
Cedar Gove Mill, Vancouver, 6. C.
Ruskin Mill, Ruskin, 6. C
selves strongly against the present system of reserving the pine, upon the lots sold or granted
to settlers, until the issue of the patent. They
favored giving the settler everything in or on
the land, including the timber and minerals. No
doubt they will attempt to carry out this policy,
but if SO, it will not be long before they realize
their mistake. It sounds very liberal to say,
"Give the settler everything on his lot," and if
every man taking up laud were honest and well-
intentioned and really meant to cultivate and improve the land it would be all right. Unfortunately there are many settlers not nr this type, who
merely take a lot of wild land to get all they can
.mt of it without doing any farming worthy of
tin' name or making permanent improvements.
They simply cut and dispose of all the valuable
wood and when that is exhausted look out for
another location. The Department has had great
trouble with this class of so-called settlers, and
if they were granted leave to have the pine as
well as the Other trees, the abuse would be much
increased. Naturally those who have bought
timber limits at a high price would, with just reason, protest against what would practically be a
violation of the condition-, under wdiich they purchased. The new government will he laying up
no end of trouble for themselves if they relax the
settlement regulations in this particular,
Exports and Imports.
The monthly report of the Department of
Trade and Commerce for October last, just issued is of a rather more encouraging character
than that for the previous month in connection
with the British export trade. The total exports
of unmanufactured wood for the month were
value.1 at $3,787,490, -'is compared with $3,832,106
lor October, I903, or a decrease of $43-7o6. The
figures for September, showed a falling off of
$1,016,806, as compared with September, IQ03.
The   most   significant   feature,   however,   is   that
while the September revenues showed a decrease
of $1,350,177 in the exports to Britain, the October statement gives them at $1,309,7.20. as against
$1,591,995 in October, 1903, or a decrease of $182,-
27$, indicating that the market had nearly recovered its normal tone.
The item of planks and boards showed total
shipments valued at $1,519,748 as against $1,684,-
657 in October, 1903. Of the former amount Britain took $110,205 and the United States $1,204,-
391, the former being a considerable and the latter a small decrease. Shipments to the Argentine
Republic show a tendency to increase, being $73,-
042 as compared with $56711. Bine deals, nearly
all of which went to Britain, have fallen off from
$324,176 to $233,001, and spruce and other deals
from $902,094 to $890,422. The decline in British
trade in spruce deals was almost compensated by
an increased demand from France, which took
$51,400 under this head, and from "other countries" tho importations to which have risen from
$23,176 to $108,00.
Shingles were exported to the value of $175."
546, as compared with $i8o,->85 in the previous
October. The United States being practically the
only customer. The Americans als took all the
pulp wood exported to the amount of $283,073, as
against $169,194 in October, 1903. The shipments
of the manufactured article also showed a gratifying increase. Wood pulp was exported to the
value of $359,708, as compared with $247,624 in
October, 1903.
The table of imports f«>r the month shows a
considerable decrease in the item of "lumber and
timber, hoards, planks, &C," the amount brought
in free of duty being $356,386 in comparison with
$610,316 for October, 1903. The figures under this
heading for the period of four months ended October 31st, are $1,763,209 in 1904. and $2,237.0^7
in 1903. The growth of the dumping process is
indicated by a comparison with the imports of
the same period in 1002, which amounted to $1,-
The following lumber companies have obtained
Ontario charters of incorporation:
Great Northern Lumber Co., Ltd.;. head office
Toronto; capital $50,000, provisional directors,
James Milne, Ernest D. Watts, Walter R. Duff,
James L. Ross and A. W. Holmstead, all of Toronto.
North Bruce Lumber Co., Ltd., head office Toronto; capital $50,000; provisional directors, Frederick Reilly, John B. Bartram. Henry W. Murton,
Wm.  Pinkerton and  Arthur  I).  Chisholm, all of.
Wilberforce Lumber Company, head office
Durham; capital $40,000; provisional directors,
George Sparling, Archibald S. Hunter and David
Jamieson, all of Durham.
Winnipeg, Feb. 6.—Reports have appeared in
the newspapers from time to time, especially in
British Columbia, about the building of a line
from Golden to the south, to be known as. the
Kootenay Central Railway, to connect with the
Crow's Nest branch of the C. P. R. No definite
move was taken until the past season, when survey parties were found in the field, apparently under the direction of the Canadian Pacific.
Regarding the plans, Second Vice-President
Whyte  to-day said:
"The settlers especially have been pressing for
this road to be built by some one, and we concluded to see if we would be justified in taking
hold of it. The cost would be heavy, and the
thing is to find out if in a reasonable time it would
pay if built. Some counsellors have been dubious,
but the residents have been confident, and our
engineers are there to report on the cost and on
the resultant traffic. We have so many railway
requirements pressing upon us that it is hard to
say if it will be possible for us to include this in
our immediate programme." 10
The Lumber Interests of Canada Lay a Strong
Case Before the Federal Government.
Ottawa papers to hand contain an account of the
interview of the lumbermen with Sir Wilfrid
Laurier and members of the Government on
February 7th last, to urge the imposition of an
import duty of $2 per thousand on rough lumber.
The Delegation.
Among the delegation there were Messrs, J. R.
Booth and Dennis Murphy, G. 11. Perley, Ottawa; J. B. Millar, of the Parry Sound Lumber Co.;
W. 1). Lummins, of the Sarnia Lumber Co.; W.
B. Tindal, Toronto; James Play fair, Midland; W.
P. Bull, Toronto, of the Nipissing Lumber Co.;
1). L. White, Midland; Boyd Turner, South
River; George Gendar, Sturgeon Falls; R. 11.
Roy, Windsor; Wm. Scott, Port Arthur; J. C.
Shook, Peterboro;, W. B. Mac Lean, Toronto;
George Thomson, Goderich; J. E. Keenan, Owen
Sound; J. P. Newman, Wiarton; E. J. Harrison,
Owen Sound; H. E. Craig, Toronto; E. 11. Heaps,
Vancouver; T. 1*'. Paterson, Vancouver; Hon. W.
C. Wells, Palliser, B. C; John Hendry and R.
Jardine, New Westminster; 1). C. Cameron, Rat
Portage;F. W. Jones, Golden, and R. P. McLennan and 11. A. Stone, representing the Vancouver
Board of Trade; C. A. Ballantync. vice-president
of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association, and
R. G. Yonge, Secretary of the Association and
many others.
The delegation met Sir Wilfrid Laurier and
Senator Templenian and Hon, Mr. Paterson in
the railway committee room of the Senate.
Great praise is given to the several members
from this Province, who spoke to the point, but
possibly the most forcible speech was made by
Mr. 11. A. Stone, who represented the Vancouver
Board of Trade, and the interests represented
by him being outside of those of the lumbermen
we feel justified in reproducing his address, which
was as follows:
As representing the Vancouver Board of Trade
and other Provincial Boards of Trade in sympathy with us, we urge: "The necessity of altering the tariff on lumber coming from the
United States to Canada, especially on account
of the serious effects it has had, and the more serious effect it cannot fail to have, on the general
commercial interests of British Columbia."
Our several previous representations to you,
regarding this alteration, showed our fear that,
if this industry were not given the reasonable
protection is asked for, British Columbia's commerce would be seriously affected. The injury
we feared is now so apparent that we earnestly
urge prompt action, as a continuation of the present policy can only result in a much more serious
depression, which will affect the entire   Province.
While we know the desirability of encouraging settlement in the North-Wesi at the lowest
cost tO the settler, yet we cannot believe that
you intended that the advantage' gained by this
tariff, a tariff so distinctly opposed to the declared policy of Canada, should act as it has
done, as a severe detriment to the greatest industry British Columbia has. and in demoralizing
that industry to deprive British Columbia of its
soundest, most reliable and surest means of pros*
The success of this industry is sn much more
necessary to British Columbia than it can be to
other Provinces as to warrant our asking you to
consider the grave interests we have at '-take
as primary reasons  for  the protection asked  for.
A canvass of the important commercial businesses of Vancouver and other towns clearly
shows that notwithstanding an increase of population and other favorable conditions, for the last
year and for the lasl eight months particularly,
there has been a serious falling off of trade, in
many cases from 25 to ,}o per cent., that has been
felt generally, ami particularly in those towns
and camps  that depend  partially or entirely on
this industry  for support,  oi which  Vancouver,
itself, is a chief example.    In support of this, W<!
understand, a resolution oi the Wholesale Gro
cers'  Exchange has been  sent you.    Mr.  R.  P.
McLennan has shown how the hardware and
other businesses have been affected, and 1 can
speak for the drygoods and general stores
throughout the Province, who keenly feel this
depression, and there is no other cause this can
be attributed to. but the unsatisfactory state oi
the lumber industry, the partial, and in some
cases, the entire closing down of mills and the
serious results of those causes.
Whilst the interests oi those who are cutting,
hauling and marketing this great natural limber
inheritance of the Province are of great interest
to our Board of Trade, yet we recognize in this
question one of broader consequences, ol fai
deeper importance to British Columbia itself, ft
is no exaggeration to say that one-third of the
population oi the Province, directly or indirectly, is supported by this industry. To real se the
seriousness of this view, the manner in which
it affects the Province is of first importance.
From the fact that British Columbia consists,
or is estimated to consist, of (17 per cent, oi mountains, the habitable spots are but its river banks.
narrow valleys, or pockets of soil dotted her
and there over its vast surface; in consequence,
as shown in Mr. G. H. Cowan's recent pamphlet, to develop and maintain this Province, taking a five year's' average, it costs, per head oi
population, $12.61 as compared with $1.37^ fo-"
Ontario, for the same period, which is a serous
burden; and of the amount collected by the Province in 1903 for this purpose, this industry c m-
tributed $330,000, or one-fifth of the total revenue collected in the Province. This ;s onf
reason why lumbering should have a helping
hand, rather than a stumbling block put in its
pathway of success.
The difficulties and expense of transportation
within, or to markets without, the Province, the
small and widely separated spots ol good soil
and the difficulties of clearing exclude all hope of
quick growth of farming, fruit growing or ranching.
Outside the three industries natural to the Province, manufacturing of any kind is next to impossible for the reason- given, and because of
the higher expenses as compared with other
provinces, caused by those conditions. Commercial enterprises and trades also are under
this same heavy expense drag, in a wide and
sparsely populated country. So, in looking for
expansion and prosperity, we must consider the
industry of timber milling and the many branches
it involves, the large amount of money ;t puts
into circulation; its direct results and its possibilities of future development as by far the most
rt liable and imp' irtant  we have.
The benefits of mining are considerably local
to the mine, those ol lumbering are spread over
the entire Province, it- ports, it- shores, and
shipping. Therefore, the almost entire absence
of other manufacturing industries, the improba
hility of other source- of expansion makes the
success of lumbering so closely allied to the rise
or fall of the prosperity of British Columbia.
There are 45 nulls in the vicinity of Vancouver and New Westminster, 'here are as many
more amongst the interior mountains, [4 of the
former, including two of the largest mills, disburse annually for expenses $2,700,000, exclusive
"I royalties and taxes, and a rough estimate
would put the daily expense bill of the industry
throughout the Province at over $50,000 per day.
The partial closing of a mill has far-reaching con
sequences. Often a mill means a town, and the
closing of a mill mean- ruin to that town, as is
the case in Trout Lake, where the mill is now in
the hands of the sheriff .
British Columbia pays its full share of ("ana-
da's protective tariff. It pays on machinery u^n\
in this industry. Tn doing so. it assists to build
lip the manufacturing industries of the cast with
"lit any similar industries of it- own to protecti
while m return this one great natural source of
support to the people, of revenue to the Province, and of hope for the future, has not that
slight protection which seems so reasonable ami
so just.
And we ask you, Sir, to put aside less import
aut  considerations  and  to  see  that  this  tariff i-,
absolutely necessary for  British Columbia's we!
These representations are in the interests of tin
Province, to which the securing of a fair home
market and the ability to maintain and develop
this industry is so essential.
The  present  tariff enabled $.>,750,000 worth  of
United States lumber  to come in, and $2,750,000
in  cash  to go  out  of  Canada,  for  the  year end
ing June.  [904.    We  ask you  to keep this  Canadian   money   in   Canada,  and   not   sacrifice   Brit
i-h  Columbia's chief  industry for the benefit of
our neighbors.    The entire commercial  comnum
ity  of  the   Province   is  deeply  interested  in   this
petition.    The thinking men of British Columbia
are   anxiously   awaiting   your   reply.     We   appea
on sound principles  of economy, and in justici
to our Province, for this protection, and for the
avoidance of very serious consequences.
It is sincerely to be hoped that the "faith" tin
delegation was asked to place in the Government
by the Premier will not be misplaced, and that
ere long it will be our pleasure to announce that
we have a "beneficient Government."
The annual report for 11)04 of the Timber In
spector's Department made it- appearance in tunc
for the opening of the House on February oth.
A- previously stated the income derived from the
timber resources of the Province are greatly in
excess of 1903. the summary of the years i<XM and
1904 are herewith quoted for reference:
The area of leaseholds i> 5X7,845 03-100
acre-,   producing   rental $ 56.320  15
Special  licence-,   1307  fees $136,4S2 OO
11 aud-h iggers'        licences,
259,   fees  2,590 OO
     139.07-' 00
Timber    Royalty,    Crown
1 amis, feet     272,212471
Timber  Royalty,      Leaseholds, feet        45,338.(180
Total  feet      3I7.S5I.IS'
\t 50c per  M   ^\^.77$ 57
Rebate  on  shingles   exported       13475 74
— 145,.•()<> 83
Royalty collected on cord-
w 1  6,312 '"
Total revenue derived.... $347,004 59
I he area of leaseholds is 703,433 (13-100
acres,   producing   rental $ 71,_'(>8  p
Speeial licences, 1451, fees $177,686 .10
I land loggers'        licences,
t83,   fees  1,830 00
— I79*5t6 4''
Timber   Royalty   for   11
mos., Crown   Land-, ft.    283,513,156
Timber     Royalty     for    l I
mos,  Leaseholds,  ft JI.758.4I2
Total   feet       325,271,568
At 50c per   M $i(>2,(>35 77
Rebate     on    shingles   ex-
ported        0.780 07
     15J.855 7"
Royalty collected on cord
wood  3,31 \ 27
limber  tax   for    11    mos.
"ii     limber     exported,
7.815,747 feet  8.755 50
Tax on timber manufactured,   56,606490   feet 566 ol'
Add estimated revenue for
Dec, [904, from all
sources  30,000 00
Total   revenue derived.... $4-16,27640 BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
The Rat Portage Lumber Co'y, Limited
P. O. BOX 778
Building Material of all Kinds Delivered Promptly.   Hardwood in Car tots.
Don't take for granted our claim that
it is 50 per cent, better than any other
Belting. Ask any millman who has
used it.    Sole Agents 	
Boyd, Burns & Co
"SHAY" Locomotive
Specially  designed for HEAVY GRADES and SHARP
CURVES, in railroad, logging and mining operations.    This Company also manufacture
Direct-Connected Locomotives, Steel Dump Cars,
Gray Iron Castings. Etc.
Locomotives, Second-Hand   all kinds
Logging Trucks, Rails, Track Material
Iron and Steel-all shapes and kinds
Machinery.   Pig Iron.   Cast Iron Pipe.
Eye Beams, Channels, Structural Steel,
all shapes, Plates, Etc.
Agents for the Celebrated HAZARD PLOW STEEL WIRE RIVE, Manufactured by
the Hazard Manufacturing Co, Wilkesbarre, Pa.
72-74 Dexter Horton Building,
512 Chamber of Commerce,
The Menz Lumber Co.
624-625 Union Bank Building, WINNIPEG, MAN.
Britisii Columbia Red Cedar Shingles Sut! me Lumber and Lam
Iiri United Capacity for filling orders promptly for all kinds of Lumber, including Hardwoods and Maple flooring
Write us for Special Quotations whenever in the Market %
t i
Year.        Cut. Revenue.
1897—105,939,377 $ 97.294 94
1808—124,546.65s  106,10429
1899—21 7,085.(156  1 IO.550  56
ICJOO—276,236,470  I45."(>d 78
1901—241,311,709  148,98049
1902—28l,945;866  215,275   25
'903—317.551.151    347.004 59
1904—389,692,805 446,276 40
Foreign  Shipments  for   1904.
The foreign shipments from British Columbia
mills for last year are thus summarized:
United Kingdom     4,561,248
Australiasia   10,113,760
Peru    10,705.102
Japan     2,131,065
Fiji       380.331
China 2,816,470
Chili 4.942.706
France    1,308.662
Germany 2,206,376
South Africa 3,613,492
Total 42,779,212
Compared with 1903 the figures in the above
summary show a falling off of 10,481,542 feet,
while the comparative values show a much greater depreciation in proportion. These are: 1903,
$878,001, and for 1904. $433.2X7. Of the 1904 shipments, 25.433,864 feet were shipped by the 11 .C.
Mills, Timber and Trading Co., of Vancouver, and
17,345,248 by the Victoria Lumber and Manufacturing Co., of Chemainus.
Cargo Shipments from British Columbia for the
Past 10 Years.
Year. Feet B. M.
1895 54.348.0S1
1896 64,004.924
1897 62.288,177
1898 55.bU/>03
1899 49.132.308
1900 74,981.513
1901 67,656,350
1902 56,685,00s
1903 62,2(10,654
1904 42,779.212
During the month of January, 1905, there were
150 timber licenses issued; 83 were renewals and
67 new licenses. These are thus apportioned to
the several districts:
Coast   District     34
East Kootenay  District     51
West   Kootenay   District     12
S. E. Kootenay   District     30
Sayward   I Hstrict     2
New Westminster District    8
N.  E.   Kootenay   District     8
Kootenay   District     2
N.  W.  Kootenay   District     3
Sutherland   Timber   Yards   and   Sawmills,
Invercargill,  N.   /..,  January  7th,   1905.
To Mr.  I). Todd Lees,
Business Manager,
B, C. Lumberman, Vancouver:
Dear Sir, I note by my file that my subscription to your journal expires shortly. I have
pleasure in forwarding to you herewith amount
due for a further term. I must say here that I
am delighted with your smartly written and interesting paper, which conies to hand regularly.
Although only \2 months old, you have brought
it right up to date, and it can be classed as one
of the best  lumberman's papers.
Please accept my hearty congratulations and
a  wish   for  further  successes.
I am y< nirs very truly,
ARTHUR A.  PAAPE, Secretary.
[xxxxxxxxmmmxxxD mnmmxrnsxxxxxxxmmmni nmxxxxxj
I SVo^incial deformation \
The Standard Lumber Co., of Mayook, 1- moving its plant  from  Mayo ik to  Fort Steele.
A new sawmill is being erected at I'eachland.
Okanagan, the machinery for which was landed
there last week.
1'". W. Jones, Manager of the Columbia River
Lumber Co.. and wife, left this month for an  extended visit   to the east.
Brayden & Johnson, of the Salmon  Arm Lumber Co.. are running their new null  full tune try
ing to catch up with orders.
The Rothesay Lumber Co., of Mara. B. C, has
finished cutting logs for this season, and is now
busy delivering the logs at  the mill.
The Violin Lake Lumber Co., notice of the incorporation of which appeared in our January
issue, has secured a site for it- mill at Trail, lb
C, and will commence construction immediately.
Mr. A. J. 1.animar- and associates, of Minneapolis, have located some 50 square miles of limits on Queen Charlotte Islands. There is -aid to
be some good timber within the confines of these
Recent advice- from up coast -tate that business
in  Bella Coola country necessitates the building
of  two  new   mill-;  one   i-   to be  built   in   the   Sa
lumpt   valley,  and  another  near   the   Bella   Coola
The Yale-Columbia Lumber Co. base decided
to change their mill at Cascade from a circular
to a double-cutting band mill, and have entered
into negotiation- with the Waterous Engine
Works  Co. towards thi- end.
In the country adjacent to Princeton, at the
southern end of Okanagan lake, there 1- a great
scarcity of building lumber, and it 1- -aid that
there is a big business 111 -ight for anyone starting a saw mil! in  that  territory.
The Kitchener Lumber Co are going to build
at Kitchener, on the Coat river, between Creston
and Moyie, where they have extensive limits. The
mill will be run bv water power. The Waterous
Engine Work- Co., of Brantford, will instal the
Mr. Archibald McMillan. President of the Ar
rowhead Lumber Co., died on the nth inst. at
Ottawa, of typhoid-pneumonia Mr. McMillan
was one ol the best known contractors in Western Canada, having performed work on railway
constructii m,
The Vancouver Engineering Works have -old
;. large 10x15 inch roadmg engine to the well-
known logging linn of McWhuuiey & Lewerke,
and another of the same size to the Fort Renfrew Logging Co., of Port Renfrew. San Juan,
Vancouver Island.
A new null is being installed at Llknioiith which
will have a daily capacity of 30,000 feet. It is
understood that the bulk of the required capital
is being pul ui> by New Brunswick capitalists.
Mr. McTnnes, of Cranbrook, is the western representative and manager.
The C. P, R. is arranging to put in a spur to
tap the Elk Lumber Manufacturing Company's
mill at Elkwood. This will necessitate the erection of a bridge over the Elk, and according to
present plans, this will be built on a curve tUSt
below the mouth of Coal Creek.
pany. of  Minneapolis, with  a capital  of $500,0
to operate their  Duncan  and Adams river tiiuh
limits.     Messrs.   Harvey,  McCarter    &    1'iiikh
are attending to the legal end of it.
I'he  Movie Lumber Company, of Moyie.  lb (
have had a deal on for some time for the dispose
of  their  null  and  extensive   timber  interest-.    \\
II.  I'acheHer, of   Fairihault.   Minn.,  was at   Moj
assisting Mr. Cameron in closing the deal.    In .,
probability   Cranbrook   people   will   be   the  pui
A  rush  order brought  sixteen  carloads  of ma
chinery from Ashland, Wis.,. t<> Fernie in six daj
for the  Elk  Lumber & Manufacturing Compan>
Several other cars will  follow.    When  this machinery 1- installed the company will have one
the largest and most up-to-date milling plants 1
the   KootenayS.
All the nulling companies which carry on opei
ations in the Kootenay valley are this wintei
taking out the heaviest cuts ill the history of thi
industry. Conditions have been very favorable
and tlu- work in the woods north of Fort Steele
1- proceeding very -uccesfstilly. The big drr. ■
on the Kootenay river this year will be about
20,000.000 feet.
The Columbia River Lumber Company, wit!'
headquarters at Golden, ha- a 100 man camp a:
Wilmer,   and   later   will   have   500   men   at   work.
What with railway construction and a distinct
revival 111 mining, lumbering and fruit-growing,
the Wilmer district will be one of the busie 1
spots in the Province thi- coming summer, says
the Wilmer "< lutcrop "
A fatal lire occurred on the property of the
Arrowhead Lumber Co., at Arrowhead, on the
morning of the 71I1 inst., when the company's
boarding house wa- burned, resulting in the death
>if Mr W. G, Beatty, the Manager, and Mr. Rob
ert Taggart, one of the company's oldest em
ployees. A fuller account id' the sad occurrenci
appear- 111 another column,
The Kamloops Lumber Co., at Kamloops, are
busily installing their new machinery, a large
quantity of which ha-, arrived, and expect t"
have everything in readiness for a trial run in
about a month Land -aw- will be used instead
of the circular -aw, ami in every way the inter
nal arrangements are more compact and con
venienl than in '.he old null.
Mr. Schoonniaker, Manager of the Mundy
Lumber Co., ha- a gang at work grading the spui
to connect the -ite of the Mundy Lumber Com
pans'- new null with the main line at Three
Valley Lake. The length of the -pur will be 2,.\oo
feet, lie i- al-o getting the lumber on the ground
for   the   erection   of   the   new   mill,   and   it   1-  "ii
derstood 'he plant has been ordered,
The -aw mill at Prairie Valley, Okanagan, B
C, owned by the Sununerlaiid Supply Co, lia-
recently changed hand-, Greenhow & Richardson
being the purchasers. The business will be car
ried on under the name of Richardson ft Co., who
will also operate the null at Meadow Valley
Tin- linn will cut all the lumber and it will I"
handled by the Sununerlaiid Supply Co.
Messrs.   McGoldrick  and   Lamniers,  of   Mimic
apolis, have incorporated the Royal Lumber Com-
Mr. and Mrs. F. L. Kinman and family, ol
Trout Lake City, have taken up their residence
in Revelstoke. Just recently Mr. Kinman signed
a contract with the Mundy Lumber Company '"
lake out logs from the Company's limits to the
we-t of Revelstoke for delivery at their mills al
Three Valley Lake. 'The contract for an anitu.il
cut extending over a number of years.
'I'he sale of  Messrs. Trites and Wood's lumber
property   ai    Elkmouth  was  consummated  this
month.    'The purchasers are Messrs. Ross Broth
ers & Company, of WhttemoUth, Manitoba.   The
deal includes the mill  and  timber limits purchased by Messrs. Trites and Wood from the Hayes BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
Lumber Co, Messrs. Ross Bros. & Company
have already started in to cut logs, and it is their
intention to do a big business next summer.
; Capt. F. P. Armstrong, of Golden, has acquired
the portable mill recently owned by the Wilmer
Lumber Co., at Toby creek, and has moved to
Johnston creek, in the Wilmer district, where
Capt. Armstrong has some extensive and valuable
limits, and he figures out that he will take out
3,000,000 ties, besides a good quantity of lumber,
and he will work a force of men the whole year.
is in the neighborhood of $250,000, this being indicated by the fact that a fee of over $400 was
paid when the papers were filed for registration.
The major portion of the timber lands in question was the property ot the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway Co., some situated on the west coast
and in the northern interior of the Island. The
lands in question have passed into the hands of
American capitalists, the transaction being negotiated by a firm of Seattle legal men.
Pacific Coast Pipe Co., II
VANCOUVER,    -    B. C.
P. O Box 883
Telephone 1494
Manufacturer* ot
Huntley's sawmill started early this month with
a full force of men on Mack. Bros.' timber limit,
four miles down the Spallumcheen river from Enderby, and is now doing excellent work. Fourteen men are employed in the mill, and as many
in the timber. The season's cut will run something over a million feet. The mill is equipped
with up-to-date machinery, and is prepared to
turn out all grades of rough and dressed lumber.
Mack Bros, are handling the product.
At a meeting of the paper and pulp wood manufacturers of Canada, held at Montreal, it was
unajiimously resolved that in the interests of the
Dominion, and especially of the Province of Quebec, every effort should be made to enact legislation to prohibit export of logs and pulp wood.
\ special committee was appointed for the purpose of preparing a petition to lay before Parliament, now in session, at Ottawa.
The adjourned sheriff sale of the McRae Lumber Company's mill at llosmer took place at llos-
mer this month. M. A. Kastner, Deputy Sheriff,
had charge of the sale. Only three took part in
the bidding. These were E. Foster, of Cranbrook; E. J. Watson, and Alex. Black, of Winnipeg. The highest bid was made by E. J. Watson, who had the property knocked down to
him at $7,700. It is understood that Mr. Watson bought the property for a client. The mill,
with the planer and everything complete, cost
in the neighborhood of $15,000.
A deal in timber land involving the control of
a very large acreage on various parts of Vancouver Island, was consummated a few days ago, and
the final papers in the transfer were filed in the
registrar's office in Victoria on the 10th inst. It
is understood that the price paid for the property
Without any ostentation whatever and with no
llourish of trumpets, a new industry was started
in Vancouver a month ago. This was the manufacturing of wire and wire nails of all kinds, for
which purpose local men have organized the
B. C. Wire and Nail Company, with a capital of
$50,000, no shares in which are offered to the public. The factory is established at 1678-84 Powell
street, but so far none of the product has been
placed on the market. The president and managing director are at present taking a trip through
the United States, where they are securing additional machinery to the value of $20,000. Arrangements have been made for a continuous supply of steel rods and it is expected that the output will be from 150 to 200 tons per month. Not
until a full line can be offered, however, will any
goods be placed on sale.
The new industry will fill a long-felt want in
Machine Banded
Wire Wound
Wooden Stave
Water Pipe
For City and Town Water Systems, Fire
Protection, Power Plants, Hydraulic Minna, Irrigation, Etc.
Vancouver, where, owing to delays in shipping,
the demand for nails and wire often outruns the
supply. It will employ a large number of men
and altogether will be an acquisition of the kind
which tends to buid up the city as a manufacturing as well as a distributing centre. The company is composed of local capitalists.
11,—». ^
Engines and Boilers
Ships, Yachts
... and Tugs
We manufact ure
Marine Boilers of all
kinds as well as Horizontal Boilers as shown
in cut.
Our Marine and
Stationary Engines are
decidedly highest grade
and our Ships, Yachts
and Tugs have everywhere given the utmost
satisfaction. •
We know we can
give you first-class
work and solicit a
chance to quote you.
Lubricating Oils and Greases
The only Waterproof Leather  Belt that
IS Wuterproof.   Laps will not come apart
"Heart," Extra Heavy
" Crescent," Regular Weight
"Neptune," Waterproof
"Special Planer," also Waterproof
Any one of the above, if adapted to work required, is
"OWL" BELT, adapted for Planers, Dynamos, Blowers and Shingle Machines
"LIVE OAK" BELT, main drive and heavy work
"RELIANCE" BELT, general Saw Mill Machinery
^PFf IAITIFS " "HUXLEY VALVES"   the best and cheapest on the market, Blacksmith Coal, Babbit Metals,
Ol Ll/lftLIILo . sterling Emery Wheels, Stack Paint, Mill and Eire Hose, Asbestos Coverings      	
Flooring,      Ceiling,
Ship Lap
and all kinds of
Cedar, Pine, Fir, Spruce and Hemlock Products
At the recent Forestry Congress held at Washington the following interesting papers were contributed by prominent lumbermen of the Pacific
Coast cities:
Of special interest to the lumbermen of the
west is an excellent paper upon "Our Pacific
Coast Forest and Lumbering as Differing from
Other Forests/' delivered by Col. Emerson, of
Hoquiam, Wash., a prominent member of the
Pacific Coast Lumber Manufacturers' Association:
"The summit of the Cascade mountains is the
line of division between the timber of eastern and
western Washington, also of eastern and western Oregon. To the east lie open pine forests
similar to those of the southern and eastern
states. To the west is a dense jungle of giant
"On the gravelly land of the western slope of
the Cascades the timber is of moderate size and
consists almost entirely of Douglas fir and red
cedar, with moderate underbrush—fir from
twenty-four to forty inches in diameter and from
too to 150 feet tall and cedars of about the same
diameter but of less height.
"On the lower bench and bottom lands, east of
Puget Sound, and on the clay lands wherever
found, fir, cedar and hemlock intermingle, and
near the coast spruce is abundant, sometimes
growing alone, but more often with the fir and
other woods. On these lands our large timber
grows, fir and spruce from forty to eighty inches
in diameter and from 150 to 250 feet in height.
These dimensions are common and ten feet for fir
or spruce and twenty feet for cedars are not extreme diameters. The hemlock is of less size;
eighteen ot twenty-four inches on the stump is
most common, 40-inch not exceptional.
"Beneath these trees often lie the fathers of the
forest, still sound, pinned to the ground by the
roots of trees themselves a hundred years old,
and over and among all is a growth of salmon-
berry, salalberry and other shrubs and tall ferns,
making an almost impenetrable mass, so dense
that two miles is a good day's travel, on courses,
for a woodsman.
"These tracts where the timber is large have
few young trees and the old giants are overripe.
It is doubtful if thev produce seed and doubtful
if their erowth equals their decay on many townships. They cannot be thinned; all must be cut;,
any left, as are the hemlock and until recently the
cedar, are broken bv the falling of their ne;ghbors
or blown down where their neighbors are gone.
"The mountain sides have deep canyons and the
foothills arc steep and jointly they are most of
the timber area of western Washington and Ore-
iron. Methods of forestry adapted to eastern timber areas arc useless here, as arc eastern methods
of logging.
"The first efforts to handle this timber were
those of building "skid roads" up the gulches,
cutting the timber into eastern lengths, twelve to
twenty-four feet, and then with six yokes of oxen
the logs were hauled, one at a time, to the water.
In those days there was no demand for cedar or
hemlock and both were left in the woods. Neither
offered the percentage of clear the fir and spruce
offered; therefore why waste time on the low
grades? The supply looked inexhaustible; standing timber had little value; butt cuts of the hemlock sometimes sank; customers wanted only fir
and spruce; redwood furnished shingles. Why,
then, use low grades or hemlock?
"On these old choppings all hemlock, cedar,
low grade fir and low grade spruce trees, all
broken cuts, all butts with centre decay, all trees
with 'conchs'—indicating rot—all stubs or dead
trees with loose bark, all tops from the clear
trunk up, fifty to 150 feet in length, twenty to
sixty inches 'in diameter—all these were left in
the woods.
"As if fearful of taking too much of the forest
to the mill the timber fellers vie with each other
to place their chopping boards higher and many
a stump, sixteen to twenty feet in height, marks
the success of their efforts.
"The aggregate of this waste reached over 60
per cent, of the forest and left the ground covered
with tops, broken timber and brush, many feet in
thickness. To this, when dry, fire was set. The
fire killed all timber left standing, burned the
young trees and the hemlock seeded the ground.
Later the dead hemlock fell, and a few years after
the first fire a second, or even a third, went over
the ground and the hemlocks were no more; only
tops and trunks and a desolate waste were left;
then the ferns and blackberry vines, as if to hide
the shame, spread over all their mantle of verdure. «
"In this way and by fire in green timber townships of land, valuable only for the timber crop,
have become worthless wastes; where young forests should be growing to keep good our timber
areas charred trunks were piled on trunks, under
a tangle of vines.
"Times have changed somewhat. Steam skid-
ders for yarding and steam road enignes for hauling have replaced the bull team. The railroad is
fast replacing the river.
"Cedar has become the most valuable of our
woods and hemlock is found to be our most beautiful interior finish. Standing timber has a greater value and is cut closer, but enormous tops and
most of the hemlock are still left in the woods.
Logs with no clear cannot be handled at the present price of lumber without loss; the percentage
of the crop now saved is increased, but 40 per
cent, is still wasted, nor is this the worst. These
choppings, with their continuous piles of tinder,
are ready to flash into flame from a spark of a
match, and when conditions are right they burn
with a heat so intense it reaches to adjoining
green trees and they, burning like torches, create
a whirlwind that, with the roar of an avalanche,
twists the tops from the trunks.
"As before stated the application of any method
of forest perpetuation adapted to eastern woods
is impossible, yet most of the country where
these forests grow is valuable only for a timber
crop and could it be reached with fir and soruce
when cut. and fire kept out, at the end of fifty
years could be harvested a second crop of from
50,000 to too.ooo feet an acre. The things necessary to accomplish that end appear at present almost impossible. They are, first, that all timber
growing on the land be cut; second, that all timber be removed; third, that all left be burned;
fourth, that the seed of the timber wanted be sowed in the ashes. After this shall be done the
danger of fire is so small it need not be considered.
"Our seasons are sometimes divided, by strangers, into two—the wet season and August. Vegetation, therefore, is of very rapid growth, and before another August should arrive the ground
would be too well covered to become dry, therefore no fires would run.
"To teach the people to utilize the product of
our forests so as to clear the land of all things
of value is one of the great duties of those who
are anxious to see our forests perpetuated. The
fir tops of our woods are sound and sound knotted, and more durable for mining-timber and railway ties than are the hearts of our logs now furnished for these purposes,but they are worth in
railroad ties, at this writing, less than $6 a thousand feet of manufactured lumber, while the cost
of hauling and sawing exceeds that figure. Then,
too, while hauling one of these   tops a surface
Jan.    6—Hritish steamship Aorangi	
Jan.   6—British steamship Aorangi	
Jan.   6—Rritish steamship Aorangi	
Jan. 12—British  steamship  Keemun	
Jan. 12—British  steamship  Keemun	
Jan. 19—German  barque   Osterbek	
Jan.  13    British steamship Poltalloch I
Suva,  Fiji :... 35.013 $
Sydney, N. S. W. ...
Dunedin, N. Z	
Hong Kong, China.
Hamburg, Germany.
Callao, Peru	
MAINUS, B. C, 1905.
(Melbourne I 1,791,309
770 00
195 00
no 00
512 00
3.750 00
12,565 00
19,976 00
B.  C.
British Columbia Lumber and Shingles
We can fill your Orders promptly at
current market prices	
clear log could be hauled, worth $6.50 or $7 per
thousand feet, against $3.50 for the top in question. Again, while sawing this top into $6 lumber the mill could have sawed a $7 log into lumber, of which 40 per cent, would be clear, 40 per
cent, good building grades and only 20 per cent.
$6 lumber. Sawing the top, the "saw" bill would
be $2.50; on the good log perhaps $5 or $6, and
the same is true of the hemlock, yet the hemlock
is the best of box material and the small percentage of clear, different entirely from eastern woods
of the same name, is a beautiful interior finish.
"Were we a little nearer the great markets of
the United States or were our freight rates less,
or were the demand a little larger, these tops and
hemlock could be handled and the greatest difficulty in perpetuating our forests thus removed.
"The bark of this hemlock is superior in tanning qualities; tanning extract plants would help
solve the problem; pulp mills could use to advantage our hemlock and waste spruce; tir tops,
stumps and roots are well supplied with pitch
and experiments indicate the values obtained from
those sources in turpentine, tar, pitch, rosin,
wood alcohol, creosote and other chemicals, lamp
black and charcoal are greater than the remainder
of the tree affords in lumber. Short lengths of
our cedar make shingles; short lengths of our
spruce make staves; short lengths of our fir make
porch flooring and car siding;, tir bark and limbs
should have a value. When our timber shall be
utilized as our cattle and hogs are utilized and
every part saved, the other things required to
perpetuate our western Washington forests will
follow as good investments.
"To the perfecting and teaching of these methods, therefore, we should turn the attention of
our government, our chemists and those wdio desire the perpetuation of our forests. Hy such
methods our lands would be placed in the best
condition for future timber crops, and those crops
could be lir. spruce, cedar, black walnut, ash or
maple; and be they any of these they would be
ready to harvest before our present timber shall
be exhausted.
"Tardy forest reserves make possible wise provisions for the disposition and perpetuation of the
small remnant of our timber still in the hands of
the government, but laws for the use and perpetuation of this timber must vary with location.
No rule of selection can be applied to western
Washington or western Oregon; no rule of clean
cutting and reseeding can be applied to eastern
Washington or eastern Oregon. Western Washington and western Oregon rainfall and water
supply are excessive and need not be considered;
eastern Washington and eastern Oregon need the
first consideration to be given to these questions.
A general law to apply to the cutting and perpetuating of the timber on all government reserves
would prove as wrrong as have our land laws in
their application to these areas.
"To these pathless jungles, where no man
could live except upon provisions packed in upon
his back, where to make a clearing of an acre
costs labor worth'$200 and destroys timber worth
$50 more; where the sun sends out pencils of light
and the fallen timber, of centuries back, is as
sound as if always submerged; where the surface
is gulches, canyons and mountain sides; where
agriculture is impossible and the only value is
timber, our government extended its homestead
and pre-emption laws, framed for our prairies.
To acquire title one was supposed to settle on
the land, make it his home, make a clearing, plant
a crop, build a house and maintain a residence.
"To acquire title, therefore, he must waste time
which should go to the increasing of our national
wealth; must destroy a portion of the timber to
which he is striving to obtain title, and thus destroy national wealth; must deprive his family of
his support; must live in danger of falling trees,
of accidents, with no one near, or he must perjure
himself; and little wonder he did the latter when
by doing so he only chose between evils and
chose the one of least real harm.    Not quite per
jured himself, for he could cut some brush, set
out a few fruit trees in the forest and a few cabbages, visit the "claim" every six months, pack
in a half window for his "shake shack," leave an
axe and a frying pan there, and thus ease his conscience and those of his witnesses when the day
of final proof arrived.
"In this proof be had to swear the land was
"chiefly valuable for agricultural purposes," but
the decision of the general land office eased his
conscience by declaring that all land "not stony
or gravelly" was agricultural, yet during his lifetime be never expected to see anything grown on
this land but timber. Public opinion approved
such an evasion of a ridiculous law and our government, not the settlers, should be investigated
when complaint shall have been made by a less
fortunate and the clearing has been hard to find
and the house does not look as if ever used for
a home.
"Our timber act was more just, but framed in
the interest of land grabbers. These stood ready
to loan money needed to pay for the land, perhaps without exacting a promise, so the claimant
could swear he took the land for his own exclusive use and benefit and had not promised to
mortgage or deed. Later he could change his
"Still more ridiculous and criminally wrong
was the lieu land law, by which any one claiming within a forest reserve relinquished to the
government and selected equal areas outside the
Floating on Puget Sound upon a summer's
day, when gentle zephyrs fill the sail of a boat,
one's lanquid gaze wanders back over vast areas
of dense, dark green woodlands, on up the slopes
of mountains, until arrested by the towering
snowcap of Rainier, 14,000 feet above; to the
south, not seen, stand St. Helens, Adams, Hood
and Jefferson, of nearly equal height, and to the
west glisten the Olympic range with long reaches
of snow capped peaks.   Part of these peaks are
The t Long Maniifottoriiiij Co.,
Double Edger, Steam Feeds,  Log Jacks,  Live Rolls,
Trimmers, Slab Slashers, Steam Niggers.
NO.    2    SAW   CARRIAGE
in the Cascade reserve, an dpart are also within
railroad grants; and for these glaciers and rocks
our government has exchanged some of her best
timbered townships. Along the lower side of
some of these mountains loggers have been busy
with axe and fire, and for their denuded, tire-
swept lands our government has given fresh timbered areas. Many men who have secured quarter sections under the homestead or pre-emption
or timber act have been investigated for fraud;
these larger sections are authorized by act of congress and have not been questioned.
"In the home of the fir, the spruce and the cedar the song of the axe, the saw and the hammer begins with the dawn and rests only with
the close of day. Go where you will the crop of
the centuries is being harvested. With each
breath a monarch of the forest falls; engines
whistle to engines as the huge trunks of these
noble trees are dragged to the water or to the
railroad; the locomotive whistles to the mill as it
comes with long trains of the wealth of our forests, and the mill whistles back to the locomotive
as its saws sing while they work; steamers for
coastwise and trains for eastern markets whistle
back to the mill as they hasten with its product;
the deep loaded ship spreads its sail and the
winds waft our lumber to the far corners of the
earth. In all ways the harvest goes merrily on
and the song of the axe, the saw and the hammer are sweet to the ears of our people, for they
sing of industry, prosperity and happy homes.
"But is there no other note in the song? Do
these people ever think of the centuries their crop
has been growing? Does it never occur to them
that they are the trustees of an heritage for future generations, to be guarded, cared for and
watched, used from sparingly as necessity shall
require or price justify, but not to be wantonly
wasted or destroyed or disposed of without adequate returns? And how are they fulfilling their
"They  are leaving nearly  half  of  the crop  in
the woods to be burned, and by burning destroy
more, and for the half they are marketing they
are obtaining no   proper    equivalent.   They    are
We have a full stock at our Depot at Vancouver of
Polished Plate, Window Glass, Plain Roiled, Cathedral, Wired Rolled, Prismatic, Chipped, Etc	
P.O. Box 96 VANCOUVER Telephone 970
Mirrors, (hipping, Beveling and Leaded Class Made to Order in Vancouver
leaving the ground a fire-swept, desolate waste,
where tire will follow tire until all things valuable
shall have been destroyed. They arc taking to
themselves the whole of the heritage entrusted
to them and in return are not even scattering a
few seeds for the benefit of their children. They
are vandals, but no law can reach them. They
will be adjudged insane, except for the necessity
which governs. The sacred right of property is
theirs and they may go as they will with their
"They can only be reached and these grave errors corrected by creating other methods to their
pecuniary interests. Teach them, therefore, the
value of their timber; show them ways of turning
their waste to profit; send them pulp mills, chemical works and tanning extract plant-;, help them
to show the transcontinental railroads the short
sighted policy they are pursuing;  build  for them
a double track and give to them lower freight
rate-, and from that now wasted they will furnish
ties for the north, boxes for the middle west,
cheaper lumber for your homes; will perpetuate
their forests and operate their mills through the
centuries, and the song oi the axe, the saw and
the hammer will have no note of discord in the
land of the tir, the spruce and the cedar."
"Is Forestry Practicable in the Northwest?"
(Contrbuted by Victor II. Beckman, editor of the
Pacific   Coast   Lumber   Trade   Journal,
Seattle. Wash.)
Professor GifTord   Pinchot  has honored me by
assigning to me the   question   of "Is   Forestry
Practicable :n  the  Northwest?"    This is a pretty
difficult   subject,    from    the    purely    commercial
Canadian Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in All Kinds of
Special Attention Given to Orders
from Manitoba and the Territories
Address the Company at Port Moody, or
W. J. SHEPPARD, Waubaushcne, Ont., President
J. a SCOTT, Vancouver, B. C, General Manager
Pacific Coast Lumber Company,
Fir, Cedar and Spruce Lumber, Lath, Houldings, Turned Work, Etc.
CAPACITY    Saw Mill, 150,000 feet per 10 hours;   Lath Mill, 25,000 per 10 hours; Shingle Mill, 300,000 per 10 hours ; with
ample Planing Mill and Dry Kiln Capacity to Handle our output.
Oil Pumps
Save 30 to 60 per cent, of oil over
ordinary lubricators. Do not freeze
or clog. Require no adjustment
after once set. Are positive in action and require practically no attention.    Are not troublesome to fill.
Bayfield 8 Archibald,
Molsons Bank Building Vancouver, B. C.
IMPERIAL,  their highest grade, guaranteed
No equal for heavy machinery.
Lumber Dry Kilns....
Operating by the NATURAL DRAFT
Planing Mill Exhausters
For the removal of Refuse  from
Wood Working Machinery	
Steel Dry-Kiln Trucks
For piling Lumber of any Dimensions
for Drying purposes	
Our Planing Mill Fans are carried In Stock
by The Fairbanks Co., of Vancouver, B. &
Sheldon & Sheldon
t :•;
|\       mal'v«xr ideal
It is waterproof,
weather and animal
proof. There are
no wires to rust and
best of all, it is inexpensive. We will
be glad to tell you
how to make your
own tree protectors.  |
The   Paraffine  f
Paint  Co.   3i
14 Sasend Street,  San   FrancUN
(. Lot Angelei,      Portland,
Agent for Western British Columbia
and Vancouver Island
18 Powell St.
Vancouver, B. C.
The Curney Standard Metal Co.,
standpoint, but one that admits nevertheless of
much thought and study by the constituency I
"Lumbering is the chief industry of the Pacific
northwest, comprising the states of Washington,
Oregon, Idaho and Montana and the Province
of British Columbia. In this vast section, bounded on the north by Alaska, on the south by California, on the west by the boundless Pacific
ocean, and on the east by the Rocky mountains,
are upward of 165,000 men employed in the destruction of the "last and best stand of timber,"
for commercial uses, to whom are paid annually
in wages approximately $75,000,000 and upon
whose labor depends the bread and butter of
nearly 400,000 people. The annual output in this
territory is about 5,000,000,000 feet of lumber and
6,000,000,000 shingles.
"The amount of accessible timber in the Pacific
northwest is about 400,000,000,000 feet. Forest
fires, owing to lax methods and laws, have destroyed as much timber as has been cut by the
lumbermen and the result of the depletion by
man and the elements is apparent to the fact that
the best timber contiguous to water and railroad
has in many instances been cut off, and logging
railroads are yearly being introduced for the purpose of going farther into the heart of the timber. Much timber is destroyed annually by the
ranchers, who burn off large areas for clearing
purposes. The time, therefore, is not far off
when logging operations must be transferred to
the mountains. Therefore the shrewd lumberman is giving some thought to preserving existing forests and the propagation of new
"Reproduction of trees without assistance is a
slow process and not entirely successful. The
greatest commercial wood in the Pacific northwest is Douglas fir. This is found in vast bodies
and is intermingled with spruce, hemlock and red
cedar. The great belt of spruce lies on the west
side of the coast range of mountains; the finest
area of red cedar is found in the northwestern
portion of the State of Washington and in British
Columbia and apparently ceases after it has passed the Columbia river. Hemlock is found with
fir, spruce and cedar and is of a more   general
character than the two latter woods. In eastern
Washington, Idaho and Montana the principal
commercial woods are white and yellow pine and
tamarack—all reproducing readily. In southern
Oregon sugar pine appears and is a continuation
of the belt having its southern end m California.
Observation shows that in seven cases out ot
ten, when Douglas fir is cut, the reproduction is
hemlock, an interior wood commercially speaking, although superior to the Pennsylvania variety. Where the ground has been burned over by
forest fires many years elapse before the soil becomes sufficiently nutritious to reproduce any
species. When hemlock is found intermingled
with fir it becomes necessary to cut the former
at once, because when left without the sheltering shade of the fir it soon dies and decays.
"There has been no systematic effort in the
direction of tree planting in this section, the aim
being rather to preserve the standing timber from
forest fires and waste in cutting. Two years ago
the writer took up the matter of an effective forest fire law and the result was the passage of an
act by the Legislature of Washington making it
a penalty to set fires during the closed season
without permits from the county commissioners.
The law has worked very well, but it is in need
of enforcement and to this end it is probable a
state fire warden will be appointed at the coming
session of the legislature.
"Oregon and Montana are also awake to the
needs of ample forest fire protection and will
probably enact proper laws before long. The
waste in the woods and mills amounts annually
to about 2$ per cent.; or, in other words, about
1,000,000,000 feet yearly is burned in the woods
or the refuse burners because there is no market
available for the by-products. This is equivalent
to 100,000 dwellings. Distance from market and
prohibitive freights are responsible for this
waste. For example, the Missouri river territory,
composed of Nebraska, Kansas and South Dakota, consumes annually 162,000 carloads of lumber
products, of which the Pacific coast contributes
9,165 carloads annually, and although the difference in the haul from Portland to St. Paul and
Omaha is only one mile it costs $15 a thousand
freight on lumber sold at the mill for $5 to ship
to Omaha as against $12 to St. Paul. Consequently the side lumber is burned.
"Forestry is practicable in the Pacific northwest. The standing timber is its greatest crop.
A crop that can be harvested at any time and is
not dependent on climatic changes. It should be
propagated as well as preserved. Individuals will
not do it and the burden will fall on the state and
national governments. It occurs to me that if
it were possible to enact laws similar to those
in force in Germany and Sweden, where the lumberman is compelled to plant a tree for every one
cut down, the question of the future supply of
timber would take care of itself. In some of the
European countries, I am told, the state encourages the planting of trees on waste places by
children, at certain times of the year, where public school students plant trees, and the idea of
forest culture and preservation is one of the
studies of the public school system. This idea
would be worthy of emulation in the United
States. Logged-off lands should be looked after
by a state forester and should be reseeded as soon
as cut off. In the desert places effort should be
made to plant suitable trees with the view not
only to timber but other useful purposes. For
example, there are lar^e areas of treeless land
in Washington, Idaho, Oregon and Montana
where walnut, cherry and other valuable varieties
of trees would ^row to perfection. The road
commissioners should make it their duty to plant
trees along the roadways and a special fund
should be provided for this purpose. This is as
important as good roads.
"Care should be taken by the state and national governments to protect the headwaters of
streams. The supply of water depends on the
preservation of the forests. In Spain the reckless cutting of trees at the headwaters of streams
many years a^o has converted large sections of
fertile lands into arid deserts, and this is true
elsewhere. Trees and vegetation hold moisture
and  prevent  floods and  thus  create  steady  and
permanent flows of water to irrigate the parche
soil and induce  fertility in place of drouth.
"Scientific forestry will create permanent
wealth for the Pacific northwest. It mean
much to the entire commonwealth because it
will not only solve the question of reproduction
but will make the desert bloom, thus adding to
the welfare of the people and creating productive
land for new settlers in the semi-arid sections oi
our country. In this the burden must be share!
hy all. The railroads should plant trees along
their rights of way, the lumberman should re
plant his logged-off area, the farmer should set
aside a portion of his holdings for tree culture,
the road commissioners should provide for shade
and comfort along country roads, the state
should encourage arbor days and teach the rising
generation the value of forestry and the national
government should endeavor to demonstrate in
a practical way the necessity for preserving the
forests by  scientific method.
"There is no question so broad and so worthy
of the attention of the people at large as the one
of forestry, and it is indeed a good omen when so
distinguished a man as our worthy president,
Hon. Theodore Roosevelt, takes an interest 111
it. The lumbermen of the Pacific northwest arc
his  'kind  of  people.' "
The Burton Saw Company, which has been very
busy of late installing additional plant ami getting
its work- in good running order, is now shipping
their products 111 quantities which fully equal their
expectations. It has been turning out various
kinds of circulars for some time, but is now in-
Stalling its band -aw machinery and in 30 days
more will be turning out finished band saws. The
outfit was purchased in New York, and from
the Wm. Hamilton Manufacturing Company, of
The annual general meeting of the company
was held on the 20th inst., at which was presented the balance sheet, from thi- it was geen that
since the commencement of business on September 24th la-t till December ,}i-t over $5,000 0;'
business had been done in sales and repair work,
showing a profit of nearly $i,joo.
The firm is not yet up to its orders, which have
been received from port Simpson to Edmonton.
A shipment of line steel was received a few days
ago from   the Jessop Steel  Co.
This company is to be congratulated on the
success it has met with, ami from good authority
we learn that from the excellence of material and
workmanship turned out from this factory a
rapidly increasing patronage is assured.
The following companies have received certificates of incorporation in Rritish Columbia since
our last report.
'I'he I'.. C. Wire & Nail Co., Ltd.; incorporated
on the [9th day of January, with a capital of
$50,000, divided  into  5,000  -hares of $10.00 each.
The Mundy Lumber Company, with head office
situate at the city of Bradford, in the county of
McLean and state of Pennsylvania, was on the
ist day of February, registered as an Extra-Provincial Company. Tin- amount of the capital is
$50,000, divided into 500 shares of $100 each. The
head office of the company in the Province is situate at Imperial Hank Block, in the city of Revelstoke, and George Smith McCarter, barrister-
at-law, whose address is Revelstoke, is the attorney for the company.
The Eagle River Lumber Company was also
registered as an Extra-Provincial company on
the ist day of February, with a capital of $500,-
000, divided into 5,000 shares of $100 each. The
head offices of the company are situate in the
city of Branford, on the county of McKean and
state of Pennsylvania, and the head office of the
Province being located in the city of Revelstoke.
George Smith McCarter, of that city, is the attorney for the company.
By an order-in-council, dated the 16th day of
February, the corporate name of the Cranbrook
Sash & Door Co., Ltd., has been changed to the
Kimberley Milling and Manufacturing Company, Limited. ■I
I Uancouver OL Uicii\ttvj S
Mr.  McDermid, of the  Winnipeg  Plate Glass
Co., was a visitor to Vancouver this month.
The German ship "Neck" has been chartered to
load lumber at Hastings mill for Yokohama, and
has reached port.
Mr. S. C. Smith, a well known Vernon lumberman, came down from the interior last week
and spent a few days in Vancouver.
Vancouver's building record for the month of
January showed that permits were issued for "ew
structures to the value of $119,188700.
The Gower Point Logging Company's plant at
French Creek, Howe Sound, has closed operations
temporarily, the concern having recently sold out.
E. J. Fader, of the Small & Bucklin Lumber Co.,
took a party of men up to Pitt Lake this month
to establish a logging camp on the company's
property there.
Nels Moran has started up his camp at Hemming Hay with a force <'f seventeen men, and last
week Owen Fulk, foreman for the E. K. Wood
Co., left with thirty men for timber limits on
the Squamish river.
The firm of X. Thompson & Co., of Vancouver, has effected the purchase of a portion of the
Albion Iron Works Company's plant, of Victoria,
consisting of large steam rolls, steam hammer
and a number of smaller tools.
Mr. DePencier, manager of the North Pacific Lumber Co.. at Barnet, left on the ist inst.
for Ottawa. He was one of the lumbermen's
delegates to importune the Federal Government
for a duty on imported lumber.
Mr. John McLaren, of the North Pacific Lumber Co., at Barnet, was the victim of a fatal boating accident near Barnet on the 6th inst. Mr.
McLaren was the son of Mr. David McLaren, a
millionaire lumberman of Ottawa.
Fire destroyed the dry kilns of Heaps & Co.
at their mill at Ruskin. on the nth inst. Some
3Vi million shingles were burned. The loss exceeds $5,000, which is covered by insurance. The
C. P. R. lost a car which was on the siding.
Mr. H. T. Thrift, manager of the Hazelmere
Lumber Co., has completed arrangements for the
installing of new machinery at the mill at Hazelmere, and the capacity of the mill will be about
doubled.    Mr. Thrift reports business very active.
G. C. Hinton, of the Hinton Electric Co.. Ltd.,
of this city, is installing an electric lighting plant
at Golden for the Columbia River Lumber Co.
It is not unlikely that the plant will be so equipped as to permit the lighting of the town of
As President of the New Westminster Board
of Trade. Mr. L. A. Lewis, manager of the Bru-
nette Sawmill Co., Ltd., in his annual report to
the Board :» few days ago, gave some very interesting statistics in connection with the lumber
Mr. Allen McLeod left Vancouver this month
for Campbell River, Vancouver Island. He has a
contract from an American company to take out
26,000,000 feet of timber from a reserve on Campbell river. The operations to be carried on there
will be the largest in the Province.
The Barclay Sound Cedar Co. have purchased a
site for their mill at New Alberni and are at present clearing same preparatory to erection of their
mill, which will have a capacity of 30.000.    The
mill will be equipped with the latest machinery,
and will be ready to cut about May ist.
Mr. W. S. Burnett, of Seattle, representing the
Merlin & Ring's Lumber Company, accompanied
by Mr. Edward Burnett, of Seattle, returned last
week from an extended timber cruise up the
Coast. He went up in search of new timber and
was successful in locating several tracts.
A company with a capital of $1,500,000 has
been organized in Seattle, called the Merrill-
Ring-Bliss Co., which will operate in the lumber
and timber business in Washington and British
Columbia. It at present owns some of the most
valuable limits on Puget Sound and in this Province.
"The Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd., are
building for the Canadian Pacific Lumber Co.,
the uptake and stack to be used in connection
with the new battery of boilers which they are
installing. This will be an induced draught system. The saw-dust chutes and carriers are also
being made by the same firm.
After being closed for two months for alterations and overhauling, the Vancouver Lumber
Co.'s mill at the southern end of Cambie St. bridge
teopened on the 14th inst. The plant will be increased in size and capacity. Work on the erection of a new planing mill will be commenced immediately.
Employing loggers are now making preparations for spring operations in the woods, and
within the past three or four days several large
gangs of men have left for the camps. Tt is probable that within thirty days' time many idle camps
will have resumed work, with consequent steady
employment to hundreds of men who have been
loafing in town most of the winter.
Negotiations have been entered into by Mr. J.
McMillan with Mr. D. F. Adams, of the old Columbia Lumber Co., of Victoria, for the purchase
of the machinery of that mill, and if these negotiations materialize the plant will be moved to
Bute Inlet, where Mr. McMillan believes considerable business will be done in anticipation of
the advent of the Grand Trunk Railway in that
The Vancouver Engineerings Works. Ltd.,
have recently closed a contract with the Vancouver Lumber to supply them with 4-72 inch by
16 feet Horizontal Tubular Boilers to carry 125
pounds of steam. These boilers will be installed
by the Vancouver Engineerings Works at the
mill on the south side of Cambie street. These
boilers are being equipped with induced draught
and also with saw-dust feeders and the necessary
gear to operate same successfully.
"A Horizontal Tubular Boiler built to special
design and provided with steel casing, making
it self-contained, is being built for the Bullion
Creek Hydraulic Mining Co., by the Vancouver
Engineering Works, Ltd. This boiler is for 140
pounds steam pressure and is being shipped
North to White Horse on the 'Amur' on the 20th
of the month. This will be used by the Bullion
Creek Hydraulic Mining Co., to operate their
sawmill, which they have taken in."
C. H. Vogel, C. E., of Ottawa, who has been
making an extensive survey of the property of
the Oriental Power and Pulp Co., at Swanson
Bay, more particularly with regard to the future
mechanical development and requirements, returned to Ottawa last week via Seattle. Mr. Vogel is very sanguine as to the prospects of the
company, and as far as natural advantages and
raw material is concerned, there is no company in
Canada which has a brighter future before it
than the Oriental Power and Pulp Co.
Mr. W. P. Sayward, who established the lumber business of Sayward Mill & Timber Co., of
Victoria, now carried on by his son, Mr. J. A.
Sayward, died in San Francisco on the ist inst.
Mr. Sayward was one of the pioneers of Victoria,
having gone there from California in the days
of the Cariboo rush, in 1858. He was one of the
organizers of the B. C. Pioneer Society. The
late Mr. Sayward left Victoria ten years ago and
resided in San Francisco up to the time of his
death. Mr. J. A. Sayward was with his father
during the last three weeks.
Mr. E. L. Kinman, late of Trout Lake City,
was a visitor to Vancouver this month. He informs us that he has closed a contract with the
Mundy Lumber Co., of Three Valley Lake, near
Revelstoke, to take out 80,000,000 feet of lumber,
and was in this city for the purpose of hiring
logging crews. His contract calls for the delivery of 80,000 feet of logs per day during the season. Mr. Kinman and family will take up their
residence at Revelstoke. He was reported to be
going into the lumber business on his own account, but Mr. Kinman desires us to contradict
this report.
The Victoria Lumber and Manufacturing Co.,
of Chemainus, have just completed an extensive
water system to their plant. A ten-inch main
has been laid from Fuller's lake to the mill, with
four-inch mains throughout the lumber yards,
standard hydrants being placed at regular intervals. All the company's dwellings have connections, giving the employees an ample supply of
water, which will be a great convenience. The
installation of this system has cost in the neighborhood of $10,000. The pipe used in the system
was manufactured by the Canadian Pipe Co., of
The construction of the extension to the Union Steamship Company's wharf at the foot of
Carrall street, in this city, will be commenced the
latter part of this month, provided the necessary
piles are delivered on time. The contract for
the furnishing of the piles calls for their delivery
at the wharf on February 20th. The extension is
to run northward from about the centre of the
present face of the wharf. It will extend 220
feet, and will have a width of 96 feet. A large
warehouse will be built on the extension. The
scpiare timbers and iron work to enter into the
building of the additional wharf are already prepared, and everything is now awaiting the delivery of the piles.
The finance committee of the New Westminster
City Council reported, recommending that a lease
be granted the Small & Bucklin Lumber Company
of that portion of Dock Square, south of Columbia street, a portion of lot 35, block V, suburban,
and parts adjacent to Fourteenth street and
Queen's avenue, for twenty-five years, with the
privilege of renewal, the annual rental to be $300,
of which $150 is to be paid on the signing of the
lease. The lease provides for the commencement
of work within sixty days after the signing of
the same. The report of the finance committee
and the accompanying recommendations were
adopted, the Mayor and Clerk being instructed to
affix their signatures.
Mr. Wm. Gidley, manager of the Cowichan
Lumber Co., made us a pleasant call this month.
He informs us that the company's mill at Genoa
has resumed operations, after a shut-down of
several years. The log drive has about been
completed, and over 8,000,000 feet have been
boomed, with another 2,000,000 feet still to come
down the river. For the past few years the company's operations have been confined to the sale
of logs, but as above stated they will now go in
for manufacturing. The mill is in excellent condition for economical working, and Mr. Gidley
looks for a successful season's work. He has
just returned from a visit to Sound cities looking
into lumbering conditions there. On the Sound
there is a great scarcity of first-class cedar, and
high prices are being offered by mills there.
At a special meeting of the B. C. Loggers' Association, held early this month, a resolution was
adopted respecting an open market for logs, and
copies of the resolution attached to a petition ad-
1 11 ■ 1 I
dressed to the Government has been put in circulation, and a delegation from the Loggers' Association, consisting of Messrs. J. Emerson, J. A.
Ward and Thomas Bell, went to Victoria for the
purpose of urging the Provincial Government to
remove the tax imposed on logs going into the
United States. The delegation pointed out to the
members of the Government that under the present conditions the only market that can be found
for the logs is at the American mills. They say
that all the large mills in British Columbia own
their own timber limits or else get their supply by
contract, thus leaving the independent small loggers without a market on this side of the line,
The business of the B. C. Box Co. has been
sold by Mr. Syd T. Smith to Mr. Moss, who was
one of the engineers of construction on the New
Westminster bridge. The factory is located by
the Cambie street bridge, and since Mr. Smith
acquired control has boon greatly improved and
the business has largely increased. Mr. Smith
leaves shortly for New Orleans on a six weeks'
Some months ago we illustrated and described
the Manzel Cylinder Lubricating rump, at that
tune something of an innovation to us, and. we
also  believe, to the  majority of mill men  in this
Pri ivince.
Since then, however, we have learned from
reliable source- that this device, alter trial in
several British Columbia plant-, has given such
very satisfactory results that we feel justified in
bringing it again to the attention ol our reader-.
Being operated, by the motion of the engine itself, this pump i- automatic as regards the periods
of feeding oil, and this feature alone render- it
superior to the ordinary hydrostatic lubricator,
which, unless throttled immediately on the stoppage  of  the engine, keeps On  feeding, and  there-
Ottawa. Feb. 15.—Complaint having been made
to the Railway Commission that the C. P. R. had
not accepted the commissioners' order directing
it to reduce its rates on cedar lumber from British
Columbia, the board notified the C. P. R. authorities to-day of this allegation, in order to allow the
latter an opportunity to explain its course in the
matter. The plea to the commission was that
the railway could not be permitted to impose a
higher rate on cedar than on pine, tir. etc.
The company, it is understood, contends that
its main line rates are not subject to Government
control until the road shows earnings of ten per
cent., and that in view of this feature of it-
charter, the commission has no power to enforce
the reduction of the rate on cedar. The case is
now before the Supreme Court to determine tin-
effect of the ten per cent, clause in the C. 1'. R.
weather. Filling the oil reservoir, when empty,
1- practically all the attention it requires. As may
be seen by the cut, it is very simple in construction, and therefore unlikely to get out of order
The upper plunger feeds the oil thro'ugh the sight
glass to the lower plunger, which forces the oil
into a pipe connection to the steam main. The
amount of oil fed is regulated by means of th(
thumb screws on the upper plunger, and the sup
ply can be varied from one drop to several Strokes
to a stream of oil to each stroke of the plunger.
We are informed that one of these pumps installed on the main hoisting engine of the West
em Fuel Company, at Nanaimo, has cut down the
cylinder oil consumption from 1 gallon to 1 quart
per day, and that similar reductions have been
made in the oil consumption of several local saw
mills. These result- are remarkable and seem to
prove coiiclu-ively the claim of the manufacturers of this pump. i. e., a saving of 30 to 60 per
cent, over the ordinary lubricator, is well sup
ported by actual performance.
Messrs. Bayfield & Archibald, Mechanical Engineers, of Vancouver, whose advertisement appear- on another page, are handling this device
for British Columbia, and we would refer to them
all panic- desiring further information on the
-uli ied.
fore wasting, oil. It is positive in its oil supply,
and requires no adjustment after once set. no
matter if oil of another viscosity is used, There
are no reservoirs or glasses under pressure, and
consequently   there  is  no  tendency   for  it   to leak.
Moreover, as there is no water in it or it- connections,  it cannot  freeze  and burst  during  cold
In considering the question of machinery,
which 1- undoubtedly the foremost problem mov
ing the mind of the up-tO date mill owner or manager, the one firm whose name stands pre-eminent on the roll of planing mill machinery manufacturers 1- that of the "S. A. Woods Machine
Co., of Boston, Mass, It stands for all that is
highest and most complete in this class of wood
wi irking   machinery.
The development brought aboul by them during the past half century or so has focUSSed upon
the present high standard of design. Distribution
ul labor has been, and is, a large factor in fostering invention and ideas gathered from all sources
Logging  Engines
Embody the latest improvements suggested by practical loggers. They are
strongest and most durable,  requiring least attention and  fewest repairs.
Patent steam friction, Turner's patents, and our new lock lever friction devices. Over 750 Hn-
gines now in use in Washington, Oregon, California, British Columbia, Alaska, Nicaragua and the
Philippines.      Write  us  your   requirements and   we  will send complete specifications and prices.
Washington Iron Works Go.
Engines and Boilers
We can offer you a better selection than any
other dealer in America.
J. L NEILSON & CO. Winnipeg
H. CAMERON. Manager
DONALD 6RANT. Preside*
flooring, Ceiling, Siding, Ship Lap,
Common Boards, Dimensions and Lath
emanating from such distribution have been centered up<m the S. A. Woods' machines.
They   are   represented   in   Vancouver   by   the
Fairbanks Co., whose principal store rooms and
offices are at  15.^  Hastings street, and who have
likewise   a  machinery  warehouse  near  the   Sugar
Refinery   on   Powell   street.    Recently  a contract
was  secured  by  this  firm  for   the  supply of machinery   to   the   Vancouver   Lumber   Co..  in   this
city, and amongst the machines supplied is one of
The S   A   Woods latest and most improved Five-
Head  Fast  Feed  Planer and  Matcher. No. 33B.
The   general   construction  of   this  machine  is  as
follow- .
All  cutter  heads  are  of  hardened  tool  steel.
forged square, lipped and -lotted on tour sides
Stud and loose gears are eliminated, and superior
piping facilities are afforded by their patented
shaving hoods. The side-head chipbreakers are
sectional, with -hoe- independently adjustable,
while the feed rolls are weighted from below and
inside of frame; they are driven at both ends by
expansion gearing. The feed furnished on this
machine is the latest friction clutch design, and
may be controlled from either end of the machine   by   connected  levers.
The illustration shown on another page represents a No. 27 Four-head Fast Feed Planer and
Matcher, one of which wa- supplied by the Fairbanks Co., to the Brunette Saw Mills at Sapperton, and i- giving every satisfaction. Another is
111 stock at [53 Hastings street, and may be -een
any  tune  during bit-mess  hours.
Mr. Robert Taggart was a married ana, his
wtte and family Irviag is the east, and mod
sympathy is felt in their berea1 — ll They
were about :    : me west I    j   a B ■
He went It m room t room t esing his steeping fellow workers, and hasled seeetal oi -hem
ont of bed.  thr wing E then     ..    j   -■-;
window tn tl rase tod breahiat! lac sash He
fell through the bwrntng Boor, uad Bed, - i&king
bis life for    thers
According to Mr. Shand or" the Canadian Pipe Co. of
this city. <xho has just returned from an extended trip
to Puget Sour.d. the pipe factories tnere are having- a
very busy time.    Owing ro the unsuitabi'.ity of California
lumber for the manufacture of wooden pipe. Washington
factories   are   reaping   a   harvest  in  orders  from that
State.    Mr. Berrv. manager of the Canadian Pipe Co..
left for the East on the Pith inst.  :n company with  Mr.
Dan Alton, their traveling salesman for the Territories.
From the orders now in hand together with the numer-
eus enquiries, the Company is assured a busy year.
Admitiimtmli wtB »e inserted in this department
at the rate of 10 amis per line for each insertion, payable in advance.
WANTED.—A logging engine.     W. T. Farrell,
Room   10.  433   Granville   St..  Vancouver.
WANTED.—Shingle bolts. Contracts made
lot quantities. The Canada Shingle Company.  Ltd.,  Hastings.  B.  C.     P.  O.  Box 3x2,
Vancouver. B  .C.
LOGS WANTED—Wanted to buy cedar, ftr
and spruce logs taken off Crown granted lands
Apply to J. S. Emerson. Vancouver.
FOR SALE—Selected tracts British Columbia
Cedar. Fir and Sprnce. Timber superior to
anything n vm oa the market, within each reach
of Vancouver. Mathews & Bremner, 417 Hastings Street. Vancouver.
Marine Insurance
Seattle, Wash.
We handle on commission all sorts of British
Columbia Lumber and Shingles, manufactured and
rough.    Please quote prices f.o.b. Toronto.
77 AtfolaJdo St. Cast TORONTO, ONTARIO
A terrible tire took place at Arrowhead on Monday night, 6th inst., says the "Kootenay Herald."
when the Arrowhead Lumber Company's boarding house wa- destroyed. W. K. Beattie, manager, was -o badly burned in getting out of the
building thai he dud, and K   Taggart, who was
-aw lilcr. wa- burned to death The tire spread
rapidly It had -ueh a Strong hold that when Mr.
Beattie awoke with the noise of the flames he
was surrounded by fire and had to rush through
it to get to the balcony, from which he jumped.
The cause of the lire was the upsetting of a
lamp by a dog which was in the building.
Mr. Beattie had been east, and only returned
tin- nigh I before the lire, and was o;\e of the
best lumbermen in America, having made a great
reputation in the Parry Sound district, which he
also represented in parliament for some years,
bemg returned by increasing majorities in reci -"
nition of his ability ami integrity.
lie wa- appointed manager of the Arrowhead
Lumber Co.'s mill in io/).v and ran the old De
C(u- mill to supply the lumber for building the
new   null.    Thai   null  wa-  de-troved bv fire last
Mr   Beattie designed and built the new mil'
the  Arrowhead  Lumber Co, and it was recognized as one of the best designed and        '    mtcal-
ly managed  mills  in  Briti-h  Columbia.
We in-ure Hulls. Cargoes Freight., garters. Profit,   l^bursement-and Comrr.tss.on-
We are General Agent>, Adjusters, and pay losses
without delay.
Telegrams. "HAITZ." Seattle
a, m. cs«. soc c a. ENGINEER
Surrey*. Plans- Speotwations arui Supervened
MILL SITE ON BURRARD INLET       N. a. mck.nnon
Timber   Cruiser and  Valuator.
Twenty years experience in the woods.
P. a Box CO? Storm**
712 ft. Frontage on C. P. R. track.
200 ft. good pilinr ground to deep water.
Ti«»er Md to*** M"1   	
4}J Granule Street VANCOUVER, B. C.
Warebcsse. 139 Water SL
Special attention fiven to distribution
of Carload Fr« i«;h t 24
.1 e
i '
Fine Cedar Lumber
and Shingles ....
Orders Solicited and Correspondence Promptly Attended to
pe flngell-Puniirev Gnflraoing go'y.
Designers       engravers
During the past two years C. H. Wheeler, Manager
of the Wheeler Lumber Company. Vosburg, Oregon,
has made eight successful experiments in towing logs
from Nehalem and Tillamook to the Columbia River,
distances of 2G and 42 miles respectively.
In the illustration herewith shown of the latest
plan for building ocean rafts, as designed by Mr.
Wheeler, for which a patent has been granted covering the United States and Hritish Columbia, it will
be noticed the use of the heavy centre cable has been
eliminated and wire rope substituted in its construction.
The general plan in building these rafts consists
in a centre string of logs made fast to each other on
the  ends  by  boring  a  three-and-one-half-inch  hole
106 tons, of about two and one-half miles per hour,
against a strong current, with 200,000 feet in a raft.
It would be very much easier to tow logs front Wil-
lapa or Gray's Harbor or other points north of the
Columbia River, for the reason that the strong south
ern ocean currents wdiich prevail from May to Sep
temher in each year, would practically reduce the towing of logs from the North to the ability of the tug
to keep the raft in position, n- the current sets from
one to two knots per hour to the south during the
Summer season.
The cost of constructing and towing raft- from
Cray's Harbor to the Columbia River would approximate $1.2.*> per thousand feet, or about $:. to land
the logs in Portland.
There i- not the least doubt hut that Mr. Wheeler's
towing  invention   will   he   used   successfully   on   the
The Bertram Engine Works Company, Limited
of Toronto, Canada, realizing this growing need,
has perfected arrangements whereby such boats
can  be  shipped  at   minimum  cost.   This is  the
methi id:
The Bertrams build the boat in their own yards
.:- far a- can be done; that i-. they bend, punch
and erect the frames and plates and tit these
in their respective places. Instead ot riveting
them together in the ordinary manner, holts take
the place of rivet-, and the lioat assumes its shape
and i- complete a- far as ironwork i- concerned,
hut    for   the    Substitution   Of    boh-   for    rivets   a-
aforesaid.     The  stem  and   stem   posts  are  fitted
and everything is done that can possibly be ac
complished before the boat is taken down.    Before shipment every angle, plate and beam is mark
diagonally towards the centre of the log in which
is inserted a cable made of four parts of one-inch
line with a toggle made of two-and-otte-half inch
steel shaft 14 inches long. The lo^s are shackled font-
feet apart on the end in the centre or hauling tier to
give play in a sea-way and keep the logs from riding
on each other.
The swifter lines are made of one-inch crucible
steel, and for a raft seven logs wide it requires about
125 feet of cable.
The labor in building one of these ocean-going
rafts is estimated at 25 cents per thousand. The
wire cable swifters are not expensive, and can be
used for several rafts.
Mr. Wheeler says the eight trips made from Tillamook and Nehalem to the Columbia River showed a
towing speed with the steamer Vosburg, a craft of
Coast, in many localities  where the  water is rough,
It is expected that a raft of lo^s will be brought from
Cray's  Harbor to 'he Columbia River as an experi
ment some time during the coming summer.
A department of the shipping industry which,
of late years, has become one of the most import
ant branches, is that devoted to the need of boats
on the small inland lakes.    As the country thrives
through settlement and cultivation, pioneer indus
tries demand modern  methods of doing business,
The need of boats has become more and more in
sistant,    and  now    there   is   a   large   demand    for
powerful tugs, particularly for use by lumbering
and  fishing    concerns.    Small,  conveniently   laid
out passenger boats are also required,
ed in such a way that they can easily be sorted
out ami put together a! the place of erection.
Riveting i- done on the shore of the water on
which the boat is to be launched. At the same
time the engines and boilers are installed and the
needful woodwork is done. As the engines and
boiler-, nf course, are huilt complete in the shops,
their installation involves no difficulty at the place
oi erection,
Thus the   Rertram Co. have built  boats in To
rontn and  Bhipped  them  by  ri.il  to  points as   far
north and  west   as the Stickine River, and as  far
east as St. John, \\ p,.   'i'he Company has lately
finished a go foot tug for Lake Winnipeg, and is
now building one for Rainy River and Lake of
the Woods.
We carry the largest stock ef Wood Pulleys West of Toronto ••
Every Pulley is sold under an absolute guarantee as to quality.
Our Steel Roller Bearing Dry Kiln Trucks Have No Equal i
We have recently added
to our works special
Machines and Tools for
making these Trucks,
which insures perfect
alignment of wheels and
axles, axles and Rollers
are made of refined steel.
Made in all sizes of
channels and lengths..
British CetaaUs
iiS^\ Circular and Long Saw
jar- We are ready to fill your orders promptly with any kind ol kiln dried ~m
Cedar Finish, Fir Finish and Mouldings
Cooke & Tait's No. 1 Brand are Fast Sellers.
Prices and Estimates given  on  application.
Write, wire, telephone or call on us
P. O. BOX  226
Repair Work of all Hinds Promptly Attended to
Latest and most up-to-date shop in the North West.
§j\   Dealers ii
Public Buildings
and  OfHcc
332 Hastings St. W„ VANCOUVER. B. C.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items