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British Columbia Lumberman Jan 30, 1904

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 Vol.  I.]
VANCOUVER, B. C, JANUARY, 1904.
[No. 1.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*<>♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
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N. THOMPSON
&C0.
VANCOUVER
BRITISH    COLUMBIA.   {
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glass!
Founders,
Machinists,
Boilermakers.
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Plate Glass, Window Glass,
Fancy Glass, Ribbed Glass,
Rolled Plate Glass,   Prismatic Glass.
Chipped, Sand Cut and Embossed Work.
Art Windows: Leaded & Metallic Glazed.
i
L06GING, STATIONARY & MARINE ENGINES & BOILERS
SAW MILL AND MINING MACHINERY.
♦
X
!
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♦ Repair Work of all Hinds Promptly Attended to
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▲ Latest and most up-to-date shop in the North West.
J
WM. N. O'NEIL & CO.
Importers
313 Cordova St. W. VANCOUVER, B. C.
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♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦      ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦4 ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
ACME SHINGLE BANDS
♦
♦
J We have just installed a plant for culling straight grained Bands that have ROUND EDGES, of uniform
♦ thickness and holes punched, one-third more Bands to the pound, have double the strength of those
4> cut from sheets.   A neat appearance.   Does not rust or cut the hands.   Samples and Prices on Application.
♦      Headquarters for Logging Camp and Mill Supplies, Guns, Ammunition and Sporting Goods
1 McLENNAN, McFEELY & CO., u.« 2S" US ** Vancouver, B. C.
♦
♦
♦ BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
QALBRAITH & SONS
New Westminster, B. C.
MANUFACTURERS OF
$a$b, Doors, Blinds, Windows
ALL KINDS OF TURNED WORK A SPECIALTY.
Factory:  NEW WCiTMINiTER, B. C.
THE
Canadian Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd
PORT MOODY, B. C.
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in All Kinds of
B. 0. LUMBER, LATH, MOULDINGS, Etc.
The Largest Shed and Dry Kiln Capacity of any Mill In British Columbia.
special Attention Given to orders Address the Company at Port Moody, or
irom Manitoba and the Territories BYRNES 6 CUDDY, Selling Agents, WINNIPEG
LONG  DISTANCE TELEPHONE CONNECTION
*,▼
.> - VANCOUVER,
JANUARY,
THE       BRITISH       COLUMBIA       LUMBERMAN.
Published   Every   Month.
D. Todd Lees. :       :       :     Business Manager.
Terms of Subscription.
One year, Canada or the United  States   ....$1.00
One year,  Foreign  Countries       I"1"
Payable in Advance.
Advertising   Rates on   Application.
Office:   R n   2,   Pender  Block,  Granville  Street,
Vancouver,   13.  C.
Telephone   1 10G. P.  0.   Drawer  928,
Correspondence hearing upon any phase of the
lumber industry will he gratefully acknowledged
and  discussion  upon   trade  subjects  invited.
To our Advertisers—The. British Columbia
Lumberman lias a guaranteed circulation of 2,000
copies. It will he found in every lumber mill,
lumber manufactory, logging camp, etc., in the
Province and Pugel Sound, besides all dealers in
lumber in the Northwest, and Canada generally,
To lumber manufacturers, lumber dealers and machinery makers no better medium has ever been
offered  in  the West.
V \NCOUVER,   R. C, J VN'UARV,   1004,
THE FIRST LUMBER PAPER
In undertaking the publication of the British
Columbia Lumberman, it is with tin- feeling that
tin' saw mill and shingle men. the dealers and
the lumber trade generally will be materially benefitted, Hitherto there has been no such publica
tion, and the trade has fell keenly the need of a
journal devoted exclusively to their interests, To
provide this much needed medium is the mission
of   the   British   Columbia   Lumbrman.
The lumber trade publications of the Pacific
Coast States and of the Eastern and Southern
lumber manufacturing sections have materially
aided in securing justice to the trade in the form of
favorable legislation and proper recognition from
the respective transportation concerns in those
localities, To say that the lumber manufacturing trade of British Columbia is somewhat handicapped is not emphatic enough. Not only does the
tariff discriminate, against Canadian mills there
being no duty on the Importation Into Canada of
American lumber, which is being dumped into
the Territories and Manitoba, while the United
States tariff on like Canadian goods coming from
British Columbia amounts to from $2 to $4 on
lumber and 30 cents on shingles but the Government at Victoria has just completed
legislation Imposing additional taxation on
the Industry, which, of course, can only mean
that it will cost the British Columbia lumber and
shingle manufacturer still more to place his products on the Canadian home market, at the same
time competing, as he has had to do, with the firms
exporting from the States. The shipping mill men
here, having to locate their plants at. railroad
points, so as to have sidetrack facilities, are already laboring under considerable expense
through having their logging camps generally at
a considerable distance from the mills. Is It any
wonder, then, that the British Columbia mill men
are not willing for lumber from the States to come
in duty free, considering, aside from the tariff, tne
additional   advantages  of a  network  of  railroads
through their lumbering sections enjoyed by the
American  firms?
Just as soon as these conditions are made
clear to the railway transportation companies,
— that the freight rates need revision In regard to
lumber and shingles—and they see fit to quote
such rates to the Territones and Manitoba
as will allow the British Columbia mill
men to meet the United States competition to
advantage, not only will the trade of British Columbia as well ;is the lumbers dealers of the Territories reap the benefits, but increased shipments
will more than compensate the transportation
companies for any reduction in rates those
concerned may agree on. In addition, the manufacturing concerns of Eastern Canada, by virtue
a\' such favorable transportation charges, will be
able to meet the competition in other lines of the
Coast States in British Columbia which will enable the railroad companies to haul loaded cars
both ways -east and west. The hauling of empty
cars either way, of necessity, causes high transportation charges.
With immigration pouring into the Territories and Manitoba at the rate of about i00,000 a
year, there is no industry of Canada so vitally
interested as the lumbering and shingle industry of British Columbia. All these settlers and
ranchers have to be housed, and must build barns,
sheds and other outbuildings, fences, vtc. necessitating enormous amounts of lumber for years
and years to come. Already cities are springing
up in the Territories from 5,000 to 7,000 population, which will be multiplied with denser settlement and the coming of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway through th< Territories to the Coast
Province. These events, beyond the shadow of
a doubt, will provide the best and most extensive
markets of the world for the British Columbia
lumber and shingle manufacturers. And by wise
Dominion and Provincial legislation these immense home markets can be made1 almost exclusively tributary to the lumber and shingle manufacturers of British Columbia.
As regards the English and Continental lumber
trade, heretofore of comparatively small concern to British Columbia, the building and completion of the Panama canal  will, uo doubt, put
our lumber" manufacturers in a position to aggressively invade these importants markets when tne
time comes.
* * * *
It is the intention to furnish our readers with
a full and comprehensive report, every month, of
the trade conditions of the Eastern Canadian and
the Territorial markets of the Northwest. In addition, we will have the reports from the leading
U. S. market centers, so that an intelligent review
of trade conditions at large may be had. Steps
toward that end have been taken, so that proper
arrangements may be made In the near future for such reports to the "B. C. Lumberman"
of the general trade situation.
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIA    LUMBER   SITUATION.
Unless the Dominion government sees fit to
enact a tariff on American manufactured lumber
and shingles, at the very least to the extent that
bars out Canadian lumber from the United States,
this most important industry of British Columbia
is apt to suffer from a severe depression.
As a matter of fact, 450 car loads of lumber
have   gone   into   the   Canadian   Northwest   and
Manitoba from Washington State alone during
the single month of October, for which the Washington manufacturer received a net amount actually less than the cost of the logs in the first
case.
How can that be? )
Well, the manufacturer of the United States
has no United State's or Canadian duty to handicap him; there are no $160 loggers' licenses;
there is no stumpage taxation: no taxes of one
kind or another which have been computed by a
good authority to actually amount to over $2 per
thousand feet of lumber before the same leaves
the yard of the British Columbia manufacturer;
the price per acre of I'. S. Government timber is
$2.50, including the land, which after being logged
off, can be sold for that amount or nearly so,
which leaves the actual price of the timber at
almost nil; in his protected home market the
American manufacturer can keep prices up at
will; cutting, as do the big Coast mills, mostly
big timber for the salt water carrying trade, there
is left on their hands what is known in the trade
as "surplusage"—smaller sizes of lumber for all
of which a market can not be found at home,
without imperiling their own home market prices,
and so, to get rid of such surplus stuff, it is
dumped into Canada at whatever price it maj
bring.
It is nonsensical and absurd to expect the British Columbia lumber manufacturer to be able to
compete under the restrictions, taxes and tariffs
against which he must labor. In addition, it costs ^m^^mmm
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
GALBRAITH & SONS
New Westminster, B. C.
MANUFACTURERS OF.
$a$b, Doors, Blinds, Window*
ALL KINDS OF TURNED WORK A SPECIALTY.
Factory:  NEW WEiTMINiTER, B. C
THE
Canadian Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd.
PORT MOODY, B. C.
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in All Kinds of
B. C. LUMBER, LATH, MOULDINGS, Etc.
The Largest Shed and Dry Kiln Capacity of any Mill In British Columbia.
Special Attention Given to Orders
Irom Manitoba and the Territories
Address the Company at Port Moody, or
BYRNES 6 CUDDY, Selling Agents, WINNIPEG
LONG  DISTANCE TELEPHONE CONNECTION Vol.  I.]
VANCOUVER, B. C, JANUARY, 1904.
[No. 1.
THE      BRITISH      COLUMBIA      LUMBERMAN.
Published Every Month.
D. Todd Lees,       :      :      :      :    Business Manager.
Terms of Subscription.
One year, Canada or the United States   $1.00
One year, Foreign Countries     1.50
Payable in Advance.
Advertising  Rates on Application.
Office:   Room  2,  Pender Block,  Granville  Street,
Vancouver, B. C.
Telephone  1196. P.  O.  Drawer  928.
Correspondence bearing upon any phase of the
lumber industry will be gratefully acknowledged
and  discussion  upon trade subjects invited.
To our Advertisers—The British Columbia
Lumberman has a guaranteed circulation of 2,000
copies. It will be found in every lumber mill,
lumber manufactory, logging camp, etc., in the
Province and Puget Sound, besides all dealers in
lumber in the Northwest, and Canada generally.
To lumber manufacturers, lumber dealers and machinery makers no better medium has ever been
offered in the West.
VANCOUVER, B. C, JANUARY, 1904,
L
THE FIRST LUMBER PAPER
In undertaking the publication of the British
Columbia Lumberman, it is with the feeling that
the saw mill and shingle men. the dealers and
the lumber trade generally will be materially benefitted. Hitherto there has been no such publication, and the trade has felt keenly the need of a
journal devoted exclusively to their interests. To
provide this much needed medium is the mission
of  the   British   Columbia   Lumbrman.
The lumber trade publications of the Pacific
Coast States and of the Eastern and Southern
lumber manufacturing sections have materially
aided in securing justice to the trade in the form of
favorable legislation and proper recognition from
the respective transportation concerns in those
localities. To say that the lumber manufacturing trade of British Columbia is somewhat handicapped is not emphatic enough. Not only does the
tariff discriminate, against Canadian mills there
being no duty on the importation into Canada of
American lumber, which is being dumped into
the Territories and Manitoba, while the United
States tariff on like Canadian goods coming from
British Columbia amounts to from $2 to $4 on
lumber and 30 cents on shingles—but the Government at Victoria has just completed
legislation imposing additional taxation on
the industry, which, of course, can only mean
that it will cost the British Columbia lumber and
shingle manufacturer still more to place his products on the Canadian home market, at the same
time competing, as he has had to do, with the firms
exporting from the States. The shipping mill men
here, having to locate their plants at railroad
points, so as to have sidetrack facilities, are already laboring under considerable expense
through having their logging camps generally at
a considerable distance from the mills. Is it any
wonder, then, that the British Columbia mill men
are not willing for lumber from the States to come
in duty free, considering, aside from the tariff, tne
additional  advantages of a network of railroadB
through their lumbering sections enjoyed by the
American firms?
Just as soon as these conditions are made
clear to the railway transportation companies,
—that the freight rates need revision in regard to
lumber and shingles—and they see fit to quote
such rates to the Territories and Manitoba
as will allow the British Columbia mill
men to meet the United States competition to
advantage, not only will the trade of British Columbia as well as the lumbers dealers of the Territories reap the benefits, but increased shipments
will more than compensate the transportation
companies for any reduction in rates those
concerned may agree on. In addition, the manufacturing concerns of Eastern Canada, by virtue
of such favorable transportation charges, will be
able to meet the competition in other lines of the
Coast States in British Columbia which will enable the railroad companies to haul loaded cars
both ways—east and west. The hauling of empty
cars either way, of necessity, causes high transportation charges.
With immigration pouring into the Territories and Manitoba at the rate of about 100,000 a
year, there is no industry of Canada so vitally
interested as the lumbering and shingle industry of British Columbia. All these settlers and
ranchers have to be housed, and must build barns,
sheds and other out-buildings, fences, etc., necessitating enormous amounts of lumber for years
and years to come. Already cities are springing
up in the Territories from 5,000 to 7,000 population, which will be multiplied with denser settlement and the coming of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway through the Territories to the Coast
Province. These events, beyond the shadow of
a doubt, will provide the best and most extensive
markets of the world for the British Columbia
lumber and shingle manufacturers. And by wise
Dominion and Provincial legislation these immense home markets can be made almost exclusively tributary to the lumber and shingle manufacturers of British Columbia.
As regards the English and Continental lumber
trade, heretofore of comparatively small concern to British Columbia, the building and completion of the Panama canal will, no doubt, put
our lumber manufacturers in a position to aggressively invade these importants markets when the
time comes.
* * * *
It is the intention to furnish our readers with
a full and comprehensive report, every month, of
the trade conditions of the Eastern Canadian and
the Territorial markets of the Northwest. In addition, we will have the reports from the leading
U. S. market centers, so that an intelligent review
of trade conditions at large may be had. Steps
toward that end have been taken, so that proper
arrangements may be made in the near future for such reports to the "B. C. Lumberman"
of the general trade situation.
THE    BRITISH    COLUMBIA    LUMBER   SITUATION.
Unless the Dominion government sees fit to
enact a tariff on American manufactured lumber
and shingles, at the very least to the extent that
bars out Canadian lumber from the United States,
this most important industry of British Columbia
is apt to suffer from a severe depression.
As a matter of fact, 450 car loads of lumber
have gone into the Canadian Northwest and
Manitoba from Washington State alone during
the single month of October, for which the Washington manufacturer received a net amount actually less than the cost of the logs in the first
case.
How can that be? )
Well, the manufacturer of the United States
has no United States or Canadian duty to handicap him; there are no $160 loggers' licenses;
there is no stumpage taxation; no taxes of one
kind or another whioh have been computed by a
good authority to actually amount to over $2 per
thousand feet of lumber before the same leaves
the yard of the British Columbia manufacturer;
the price per acre of U. S. Government timber is
$2.50, including the land, which after being logged
off, can be sold for that amount or nearly so,
which leaves the actual price of the timber at
almost nil; in his protected home market the
American manufacturer can keep prices up at
will; cutting, as do the big Coast mills, mostly
big timber for the salt water carrying trade, there
is left on their hands what is known in the trade
as "surplusage"—smaller sizes of lumber—for all
of which a market can not be found at home,
without imperiling their own home market prices,
and so, to get rid of such surplus stuff, it is
dumped into Canada at whatever price it may
bring.
It is nonsensical and absurd to expect the British Columbia lumber manufacturer to be able to
compete under the restrictions, taxes and tariffs
against which he must labor. In addition, it costs •)
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
r
flllis- Chalmers Company
>
The Edward P. Allis Co.,
MILWAUKEE, WIS.
 SUCCESSOR   TO-
Fraser & Chalmers Co.,
CHICAGO, ILL
Gates Iron Works,
CHICAGO, ILL
Dickson Mfg. Co.,
SCRANTON, PA.
MODERN PACIFIC COAST
..Saw Mill Machinery..
PACIFIC COAST
Edgers, Trimmers,        Slashers,
Live Rolls, Transfers,
Transmission Machinery,
Steam Swing and Jump Saws,
Reynolds' Corliss Engines,
Power Set Works,
Carriages,       Log Jacks,       Canters,
Log Loaders,       Log Kickers,
Simonson Log Turners,
Steam Feeds.
PLANS AND ESTIMATES MADE FOR UP-TO-DATE MILLS.
Seattle Office :
505 Lumber Exchange Building.
H. S. MITCHELL, Manager
GENERAL OFFICE
CHICAGO, ILL, U. S. A.
LONDON, ENG„ 533 Salisbury House.      JOHANNESBURG, South Africa,
BRANCH OFFICES
SAN FRANCISCO, Haywartl Bldg.
SEATTLE, Lumber Exchange Bldg.
CHARLOTTE, N. C, Trust Bldg.
NEW ORLEANS, Hennen Bldg.
ATLANTA, GA., Equitable Bldg.
BUTTE, MONT., 51 E. Broadway BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
>
from two to three times as much for transportation to ship lumher from this Province to Manitoba and the Northwest as the rate from St.
Paul to Winnipeg and Regina, not to mention
the favorable consideration received by the Michigan lumber manufacturers from the respective
transportation concerns for shipping their product, into Canada.
Considering these conditions and difficulties,
we are at a loss to understand the Provincial Government's line of reasoning, that the lumber Industry of British Columbia should be burdened
with still additional taxation.
To secure justice for the lumbermen of British Columbia is not alone the fight of the Provincial manufacturers. The Manufacturers' Association of Canada, realizing the gravity of the situation, will probably take the matter Into their
strong hands, as they, also, are vitally interested. Should the lumbering and shingle industry of British Columbia get a more serious
setback, through over-taxation and undor-protec-
tion, the falling off of sales in this Province
of the manufacturer's products of eastern
Canada would be very seriously felt in
the east. So it seems that this matter does
Province alone, but deeply affects the manufacturers of Canada at large, who do business in
British Columbia, and also the wholesale firms
and jobbers of this Province.
up about twelve cords of fir a day. For the charcoal, as well as for the creosote and tar, the company finds a ready market. The yield from the
twelve cords of fir per day is about 400 sacks of
charcoal, said to combine the qualities of firmness
and absolute freedom from dust.
MEMORIALS   TO   THE    DOMINION    GOVERNMENT.
For about six years, or ever since the present
Dominion Government came into power, the lumbermen of British Columbia have sent memorials
and petitions to Ottawa that a countervailing duty
be enforced against the admission of lumber from
the States.
The justice of the position of the British Columbia lumber interests is plain. As long as
Canadian lumber is barred from the United States
markets by a tariff of $2 to $4 on lumber and 30
cents on shingles, just that long the Canadian
lumber interests are in justice entitled to a like
protection as regards the products of American
mills.
With the winter season the shipments of lumber from British Columbia to the Northwest have
slackened so that the Canadian Pacific is now
hauling empty cars to the prairies. This coming
spring the competition of the American mills will
be stronger than ever before. It is reported that
the Washington mills are arranging for hundreds
of cars for shipment to the Northwest, and that
one concern alone in that state has engaged a
hundred cars for transportation of their mill products, mostly rough lumber, to the Territories.
The Dominion Government has not so far indicated any intention of placing a duty on imported
lumber.
The mining interests in this Province which
seem to be very willing that the two per cent,
tax on their industry be taken off, and that the
bonus on lead of 75 cents per cental be kept on,
would no doubt be stupefied were the timber and
lumber industries to ask for a Government bounty on their output, instead of merely protesting
against an unjust system of taxation. If anything, action ought to be taken favorable to the
timber and lumber industry, handicapped, as it is,
by the free entry of the lumber products from
the States.
PROVINCIAL NEWS
.'-..'
It would seem that there is a god opening in
this Province for a wood distilling plant, to make
creosote, tar and carbonized coal. There is now
a plant of this nature in operation at Steilacoom,
Wash., which has proved a success. They are
turning out a fine quality of goods and are using
The Essington saw mill has started after being fitted up with machinery.
There are fully 500 men busy around Arrowhead, and about a thousand engaged in logging
in that neighborhood.
The Arrowhead Lumber Company, of Revel-
stoke, bought 250,000 bricks from Humber & Co.,
Victoria, to be used in improvements about the
mill.
The Cedar Valley Improvement Company's
lumber mill was offered for sale at public auction December 18th, for non-payment of royalty dues amounting to $054.41.
To judge by the present demand it is estimated
that about 700 million feet of lumber will be furnished by the British Columbia mills to the trade
in the Territories and Manitoba this coming year.
The Finnish Colony on Malcolm Island are
considering plans for the erection of a large saw
mill, which will be run co-operatively by them.
They intend selling the product of the mill direct.
Plans are now being perfected for a saw mil)
to be erected on Swanson Bay on the Upper Coast
by the Oriental Power & Pulp Co., Ltd. The
mill will have a capacity of 35,000 to 40,000 per
day.
The Big Bend Lumber Company, of Arrowhead,
operated by Ludgate & Co., have completed
a mill at Arrowhead with a capacity of about 80,-
000 to 100,000 feet a day and have commenced
cutting.
Tillman's saw mill at Princeton is cutting full
swing to fill a contract of 300.000 feet at Hedley
before the end of the year. It is stated that
Stewart and Schisler are negotiating for the purchase of the mill.
T. Fenwick and E. J. Cann are busy on their
respective ranches, near Fort Steele, in getting
out timber. The logs will be sent down the
Kootenay river to Wardner, where they will be
sawn into lumber.
The Okanagan Lumber Company, of Enderby,
B. C, are placing in a new double cutting band
saw, with the intention of increasing their capacity
to 60,000 feet per day. They will start again about
the first of February, 1904.
The Hatch Sash and Door Factory are increasing their plant to meet the demands and are placing in a large moulding machine of the latest type
with all the modern improvements, supplied by the
McGregor Gaulie Co., of Gait, Ont.
Bryan is one of the busiest lumbering campB
on the Crow's Nest line. There are between 150
and 200 men working there, and the East Kootenay Lumber Company's mill is running day and
night turning out lumber and ties.
The lumber industry has attracted great attention during the year. Many thousand acres of
timber lands have been taken up by prospective
lumbermen, a number of new mills have been established, and more are in contemplation.
E. H. Heaps & Company's steamer Stampede
and pile driver are busy at work at Ruskin with
the driving of piles. Mr. John Heaps is superintending the work. large new dynamo has been
installed in the electric light plant of the mill.
Preliminary work has been started on the foundations of a new shingle mill which is to be built
at Nelson shortly, adjoining the new foundry.
Several local men are interested in the project,
particulars of which will be made public shortly.
The St. Mary's River Lumber Company is
moving its mill from its present site to the railway siding at that place. The company have
about 60 men at work now. Dan Howe has a number of men getting out logs on the river near
Marysville.
The saw mills at Wardner, Fernie, Elkmouth,
. Palmer  Bar and  Ryan,  all  near  Cranbrook,  B.
C, have been obliged to close down because their
logs are frozen in the ponds. Most of the mills
will soon resume hauling their logs to the mills
on sleighs.
At Geary & Doyle's logging camp, Marysville,
at the St. Mary's river there is a force of men employed. Cutting has commenced, and everything
is in readiness to begin hauling. The product of
the camp will be floated down the St. Mary's and
Kootenay rivers to Wardner.
Messrs. Breckinridge & Lund have built a big
saw and planing mill at Wardner, of a capacity
of 75,000 feet a day. They are ready to start up
now, and will saw mostly for the trade in the
Territories. If trade warrants it they will enlarge
their plant to double its capacity.
The construction of new wharves and bunkers at Departure Bay for the Western Fuel Company is now under way. Several booms of logs
and scow loads of heavy timber for the new works
have been taken to Departure Bay, which will
be a busy place from now forward.
Acording to later reports, the lumber from the
Ymir mills will hereafter be shipped to the Northwest Territories by way of the Spokane Falls &
Northern and Great Northern railways and back
into Canada on the Alberta Railway & Coal Company's line. These lines are said to give better
rates than the C. P. R.
The new saw mill under the supervision of General Manager Henderson, at Ferguson, is now
having the machinery installed and it is only a
matter of a short time until the buzz of the big
saws will be heard. The mill and the getting out
of timber will employ in the neighborhood of 100
to 120 men all the year.
The Wilmer Lumber Company, at Windermere,
has over 3,000 logs cut and a good force of men
employed. New bunk houses and stables have
been erected and everything is in readiness to
operate the mill upon the arrival of the machinery.
The company now has orders that will keep the
mill running for a long time.
The Arrowhead Lumber Company, of Arrowhead, are constructing a large mill at that place
with a capacity of about 120,000 feet per day and
expect to commence operations about the 1st of
March, 1904. The machinery, which is of the latest patterns have been shipped by the Waterous
Engine Works, of Brantford, Ontario.
The steamship Indravelli, on its arrival from
Japan in Victoria, November 27, reports sighting
a lot of lumber suggesting that some lumber vessel had lost her deck load in one of the fierce
gales of that month. She also passed through a
lot of drifting timber near the Vancouver Island
coast, which looked like piles or poles.
If proper final arrangements can be perfected, Nelson will be the location of a big saw mill
to cost about $100,000, and to employ from 100
to 175 men. Should the deal go through, the mill
company will have eleven acres of land adjoining Nelson, and will fill in the front of their property beyond the low water mark, thus establishing good wharf facilities for their use.'
On the 3rd of Dec. the tug Chieftain took in
to the Cunningham saw mill from China Hat a
boom of logs containing nearly half a million
feet. The following day a big wind arose, burst
the boom and logs running out with the tide were
a complete loss. They were owned by Chas. Col-
lison and several other Indians who had been engaged an entire year in cutting them.
The Victoria Lumber & Manufacturing Company's big mill at Chemainus is only running in
the daytime now. This is because of a shortage
of logs; there being three feet of snow in their logging camps, it is impossible to get the logs out.
Four large booms are now on the way from the
vicinity of Everett; but the supply will only last
two weeks with the mill running full time.
Arrowhead is in the throes of a boom just now.
The putting in by Mr. Theodore Ludgate of the
biggest mill in the interior, with a capacity of
about 250,000 feet a day, has caused town lots
to jump to $500. The Ludgate interests will also furnish electric light for the town. The mill
and yards are lit up by 50 arc and about 500 Incandescent lamps.
Several hundred cars have already been asked
and it is expected that the demands will increase
of the railroads for hte month of January, and it
is exepected the demands will increase. One man
alone is said to have put in a call for a hundred
cars, all of them to be used for transporting lumber to the Canadian Northwest. But few shingles
will be shipped in early in the year, the consignments consisting principally of rough lumber.
The Crow's Nest Lumber Company, of Wardner, B. C, are at present doubling their capacity BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
to about 120,000 to 140,000 feet. They are also putting in a double cutting band mill, supplied by
the Waterous Engine Works Co., Ltd., of Brant-
ford, Ont., and expect to recommence operations
in March of the coming year. They have a large
force of men engaged in logging at the St. Mary's
river camp, it is estimated that between four
and five million feet of logs will be turned out this
winter.
Mr. A. Leitch, the East Kootenay lumber operator, gave his views to the Nelson News, of the
recent legislation of the Provincial Government
in regard to the lumber industry. He said: "1
hardly think it fair to express an opinion as yet,
as I do not think that the regulations passed are
likely to remain in their present form. If they
did, they would undoubtedly be unfair, but it is
likely they will be reconsidered and amended in
some important particulars. Of course, we understand that the lumber industry, like other things,
has to. bear its share of the expenses of the country, and this we are willing to bear. But taking
for instance, this one item in the new land law
that calls for the payment of fifteen cents per
facturers of lumber as an injustice, and in view
of the fact that a tariff affording moderate protection to all native industries seems to be permanently established as a trade policy of Canada
the attitude of our lumbermen's association in
asking for the imposition of a duty of $2 per
thousand feet upon rough lumber coming into
Canada seems justifiable.
Hauling Empty Cars.—Lumber anc! shingle
shipments from Vancouver to the Northwest and
Manitoba have fallen off to such an extent that
the Canadian Pacific Railway is now shipping
empty cars back to the Territories. During the
past three months the exportation of lumber to
the Northwest has been gradually dropping on*,
slowly at first, and then more rapidly as winter
set in on the lands across the mountains. The
farmers and home-builders of the Northwest who
create the demand for lumber and shingles from
British Columbia, will not be heard from for several months yet, but the jobbers will not wait long
after the beginning of the year before they commence to send in their orders. It is questionable,
though, if British Columbia will command the entire trade of the Northwest next season on account of the increasing competition of the American mills in the State of Washington. During the
slack months their representatives in the Northwest, have been busy securing orders for the
spring trade, and judging by the demands the
Washington mill men are making for transportation to the Territories, they must have many
orders  ahead  from  that  region.
VANCOUVER NEWS
Mr. W. J. Lea, of the Huntting and Lea Lumber
ompany left on a business trip to the east via
e C. P. R..
The Cotton Shingle Mill Co, which has an out-
t of 65,000, reports trade very good and are
king heavy shipments to Boston.
The  North  Pacific  Lumber  Co.'s,  Ltd.,  large
11  at Barnet, B.  C,  is  at  present  closed   for
Ipairs, which are expected  to be completed at
he beginning of the New  Year.    Their present
apacity is about 100,000 feet per day.
At Port Moody, the Canadian Pacific Lumber
Company have a capacity of about 60,000 feet.
Their trade, which is principally with the Northwest and Manitoba, is at present quiet, but they
expect a big improvement at the beginning of the
coming year.
A number of Vancouver timber men went over
to the Capital in connection with the new law
respecting timber licenses. Among them were noticed Messrs. John Hendry, J. W. Hackett, H.
Depencier, J. G. Woods, R. H. Alexander, W. H.
Higgins and McNair.
At Cedar Cove, Messrs. Beckman & Chisholm
have a newly constructed mill with an output of
about 40,000 shingles and 5,000 to 8,000 feet of
rough cedar lumber. This firm have been making
some large shipments to Manitoba, the Northwest
and the States, and report trade fairly good at
present.
The Red Cedar Lumber Company, whose premises are on Powell street, are adding another dry
kiln and refuse burner to their plant this coming
season. The capacity at present is about 15,000
feet of red cedar lumber and 100,000 shingles, for
which they have a ready market in the Northwest.
The Huntting Lea Lumber Company have
commenced operations at their new mill on False
Creek. The mill has a capacity of about 200,-
000 feet per day. The machinery is of the latest
type and was brought in from across the line,
They report trade at present very good, especially
with the Northwest.
The Fairbanks Co, report having placed In
both the Royal City Mills and Rat Portage Lumber Company mill a large triple column outside
moulder of the latest pattern built specially for
B, C. requirements, The machines were manufactured by the S. A. Woods Machine Company
of South Boston and are second to none In points
of construction and quality of workmanship.
Several meetings of the lumber men were held
during the past month, with a view of protesting
against the provision of the Land Amendment
Act bill to raise timber licenses from $100 to $150
per annum. It is asserted that the increase will
militate seriously against, an industry which is
now the largest source of income to the Government. The Government revenue from the timber
licenses amounts to nearly $300,000 a year.
The Vancouver Island timber men are protesting against the timber taxes. They contend that
the lumbermen in Vancouver are not affected by
the new tax as they hold leases on their timber
lands, but tin; island men, having to purchase
the land with timber, have a fifty cent tax
now added, equal to the royalty now paid by those
getting timber from the  leaseholders.
The B, C. Box Factory have removed to their
new premises on the southeast end of False Creek
and are being equipped with the latest patent
machinery for the conducting of a large saw mill
and box factory. The present output is about 20,-
bun, which is just sufficient to supply the present
demands ami on the completion of the Improvements they expect to cut about 80,000 to 100,000
feet
The Cascade Lumber Company's mill is located
on False Creek, near Beattie street, and is one
of the smoothest running mills on the Coast. They
have just Installed a Sleeper lighting plant, which
is the first to be used on the Coast. The coming
year's output has been disposed of for American
trade to the Seattle Cedar Lumber Manufacturing
Company, of Ballard, Wash. This speaks well of
the product of the company, as this is the third
season's output cut for the Seattle company, who
handle none but the best of shingles. Besides
this trade the Cascade Company do a large trade
in Manitoba, Northwest Territories and Ontario.
STATEMENT OF  FOREIGN  SHIPMENTS  OF   LUMBER MADE BY THE B. C
TRADING COMPANY, VANCOUVER, B. C, IN  1903.
MILLS TIMBER A
Date.
Jan.   26-
"     27-
Mch.    1-
2-
'•    21-
"    28-
14-
24-
12-
"    21-
"    30-
June 15-
"     22-
18-
21-
11-
19-
1-
1-
17-
i 2-
21-
6-
31-
Apr.
May-
July
it
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
II
Dec.
Name and Rig.
-Russian ship Sylfld  	
-British  barque  Eudara   	
-Am. sch. W. H.  Talbot   	
-German  ship  Maipo   	
-American  barque  Hesper   	
-British ship Rajore  	
-Brit. bk. County of Dumfries. ...
-American sch. Carrier Dove   . . .
-British  ship  Eva  Montgomery..
-American   bktn.    Makaweli
-British  ship   William   Mitchell..
-Am.   sch.   Balboa   	
-British  barque  Ivanhoe   	
-British   barque   Trongate    	
-British   ship   Canada   	
-American ship Rence  	
-German barque Gustav & Oscar.
-Am. sch.  W.  H. Talbot   	
-British   barque   Falkirk   	
-Britishship   Mylomene)   	
-British  ship  Craigmore   	
-Nor.   barque   Abysinia    	
-German   barque   Liba   	
-British   barque   Highlands   	
Tons.     Destination.
1499
1110
743
1674
603
1946
1615
632
1835
821
1885
651
1250
949
2137
1828
1295
743
1862
18(18
1826
1008
1643
1234
S.  A.
Natal,
U. K	
\ Shanghai   	
j Callao and  [quique
i Nagasaki   	
U. K	
U. K	
: Shanghai   	
Callao	
!Osaka 	
Natal, S. A	
| Yokohama	
[quique  	
| Capetown   	
I U. K	
| Melbourne	
U. K	
j Sydney,  N.   S.
! Capetown   ....
[Natal, S. A.
Callao	
E.   London,   S.
Sydney,  N.   S.
Philadelphia .
W
A.
W.
Feet.   B.   M.
1,165,359
817,317
964,964
.:     1,368,922
754,653
1,597,776
L.215,036
902,782
1,493,350
1,1125,036
1,640,764
866,414
1,088,359
733,850
1,445,168
1,342,746
905,541
.       969,658
.      1,746.192
1,648.235
.:     1.424,231
.        892,066
.      1,316,706
.!    1,018,916
Value.
$ 16.695
11,342
13,425
17,5110
12,75(1
22,150
23,500
13,100
19,335
18,338
27,680
12,554
14,211
10,371
22,633
19,210
11,399
13,497
24,450
3.2,153
18.976
12,400
18.838
22,070
Sundry Shipments.
Australia   	
Fiji  Islands   	
Japan 	
China	
U. K	
28,344,041  ;    $432,577
Grand   total    	
160,860
215,299
552,960
597,799
171,148
4.806
13,405
9,785
10,143
1,701,066 |    $ 40,712
30,045,107 !    $473,289
Sailed.
Jan.   17—
Vessel.
LUMBER   SHIPMENTS   FROM   CHEMAINUS.
Tons.    Destination.
Mar     7—
Apr.
17
22
7
11
4
7
11
20
"     20
June    6—Hyd
"     20
19
24
17
8
May
Brablock  ....
W. it.  Hume
Ancona   	
Tasmania   ...
Wendur  	
Schubek   ....
Ad   Tegethoff
Neck   	
Bardowie
July
Antofagasta   	
Springbank 	
W.  H.   Smith   	
Miowera	
Aug.    8—Hawaii   	
"    2J—Challenger  	
Sept  15—Kohala  	
Oct.     5—Zion   	
"    25—Kokohead	
Nov.  10—Semantha.   British
"    26—Port Stanley  	
Dec.   23—Wilhelmine   	
" 24—Nivelle 	
2000
589
2570
2083
1896
2266
893
2121
2011
ship
936
1399
776
1276
1012
2211
2187
1560
2262
| Calcutta 	
South America
| South Africa   . .
! England 	
South Africa  ..
England   	
South America
England   	
South Africa  ..
South America
South America
South Africa ..
Australia   ....
Australia   ....
South Africa  ..
South Africa  . .
South Africa  ..
England   	
China	
England  	
South America
South Africa  ..
South Africa ..
Feet.
1,761,907
798,701
1,950,802
1,899,366
1,551,223
2,110,781
714,791
1,736.891
1,902,69:!
591,514
769,216
2,123,064
1,621,961
50,010
1,130,990
1,202.530
933.570
938.690
1,431.606
1.812,887
1,868,945
1,400,005
2,013,405
Value.
|$26,306
j 16,984
| 31,692
| 28.065
19,885
I 32,952
9,755
| 23,591
| 24,445
I    7,970
86
34
42
27
33
30
28
11
40
48
10,813 35
27,117
21,585
825
15.661 35
95
00
00
•16,651
13,801
15,301
19,105
34,742
27,987
20,626
29,834
52
77
31
87
82
46
29
14
32,215,5-17 j BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
s
■
tiktdit" ©atkring
RED
CEDAR
We Make the
Best Shingles
and Lots
of Them
RED
CEDAR
FOR MEN'S
Suits to Order or Ready-to-Wear.
J. DANAHER&CO.,
Fairfield Block, Granville Street
OPPOSITE POST OFFICE-
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Mail orders promptly attended to.   Samples and
Self-Measurement Blanks sent on application . .
s
H
i
N
G
E
S
RED
CEDAR
False Greek,
Near Seattle
Street.
Vancouver, B. C.
RED
CEDAR
CASCADE LUMBER CO., LTD,
VANCOUVER, B. C.
P. O. BOX 302.
PHONE 1157.
C. D. J. CHRISTIE
E. W. MATTHEWS
P. O.  BOX 863
Investment and
Commission Brokers
533 Grdnville Street
VANCOUVER, B. (.
FOR SALE
TIMBER LIMITS
In different parts of the Province.
Also Saw Mill Plants in operation,
FOR SALE
Legitimate, Guaranteed, Sound, Dividend-
Paying Mining and Oil Stocks.
REAL ESTATE BOUGHT AND SOLD. 6
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
COMPANY      HANDLING      ENTIRE      SHINGLE
OUTPUT.
Large numbers of representatives from the
shingle mills in the vicinity of Snohomish met
Charles E. Patton, of Seattle, and other members
of the committee whose work it is to introduce fhe
Interstate Red Shingle Company to the public,
at the Masonic Hall in Snohomish, December 16,
and succeeded in Blgnlng up enough of the manufacturers present so that at least 95 per cent, of
the mills of that county are subscribers to the
contract of the state corporation.
This company is incorporated under the laws
of the State of Washington, for the purpose of,
and is now prepared to. buy the output of shingles
for the year 1904 to be cut by the mills of this
state, and guarantees to pay said mills not less
than the following schedule of prices f. o. 1)., mill
and all underweights:
Extra *A*, C to 2, sixteen-inch shingles, $1.50
a thousand.
Standard A fi to 2, sixteen-inch shingles, 60
cents a thousand.
Clears 5 to 2, sixteen-inch shingles, $1.80 a
thousand.
Choice A 5 to 2 sixteen-inch shingles, GO cents
a thousand.
Eureka 6 to 2 eighteen-inch shingles, $ a
thousand.
Skagit 5 to 2 eighteen-inch shingles, 70 cents
a thousand.
Perfection 5 to 2% eighteen-inch shingles $2.15
a thousand.
Puget A 5 to 21/4 eighteen-inch shingles, 70
cents a thousand.
Plain dimensions, 50 cents a thousand extra.
Fancy dimensions, $1 a thousand extra.
The above prices are based on an allotment
to each mill acording to the nature of the machinery in use, which prevents them from cutting
over. a specified number of shingles during the
year, but. the mills are not prevented from cutting
more, although the company does not guarantee
them the above prices for the cut.
Representatives of some of the mills, in speaking of the company, said that it is
a regularly organized company organized for buying shingles on the market, and is in no manner
a trust.
Another meeting, comprising over 85 per cent.
of the shingle mills of Washington, was held
December 22, at the office of Charles E. Patten,
of the Atlas Lumber and Shingle Company, in
Seattle. Resides the officers and trustees of the
Washington Red Cedar Shingle Manufacturers'
Association, there were present a number of the
most prominent shingle manufacturers on the
Coast. The meeting was primarily for the purpose of devising some means whereby an organization of shingle men can be maintained in view
of the decision against the association by the United States Circuit Court of Appeals.
Practically every shingle mill on the line of
the Northern Pacific between Sedro-Woolley and
Seattle is shut down, and it. is expected that all
he larger mills will follow suit. The  shut-down
,'as arranged  by the officers  of the association
and by the common consent, of the shingle men,
due to prevailing conditions.    It was decreed by
the operators themselves as a protection against
a falling market.    Thousands of men will be out
jof employment until there is a resumption. Shin-
le  manufacturers   in   Washington   unite   in   saying that, the situation  today is the most   serious
with which  they have had  to contend  in  several
years.
It, is asserted by the trustees of the association that Star-A-Star shingles are worth today
$1.30 per thousand, when a few months ago they
sold for $1.60 per thousand: that Clears, the highest grade manufactured in the State, sold a few
months a^o for $2 per thousand, a fair figure,
while today the price is not above $1.00 per
thousand.
At present prices, considering that the mills
and logging camps are paying union wages, shingle men contend there is no money whatever in
the manufacture of shinples at this price. It is
feared by the shingle men that unless
some remedial measures ^re adopted there will
be a. return to conditions existing some years
ago and a constantly  falling market.
As a matter of fact, the shingle manufacturers
are today paying wages in logging camps and
in mills far above those paid when the low yrades
of Bhingles sold for 90 cnts to $1.10 per thousand, and when Clears were worth not to exceed
$1.36 per thousand. During the dull times workmen in logging camps received not much in excess
of $2 per day. while tolay the average wac;es
paid is from $3 to $4 per day.   The same condition
prevails in the shingle mills. Wages are much
higher, in some cases double, those of five years
ago.
The price of cedar in the log is much higher
today than during dull times. For example, from
1896 to 1898, cedar logs brought from $5 to $7.50
per thousand. They have sold as high as $13
per thousand  this year,
MR. PATTEN'S STATEMENT.
"We are confident that we have at last succeeded in perfecting an organization by which we can
control the shingle business of Washington without being subject to a successful attack under the
Sherman antitrust law or the inter-state commerce law," said Mr. Charles E. Patten, president
of the new Interstate Red Cedar Shingle Company.
"We have had our charter and all our contracts
made by us with the shingle mill companies passed upon by the ablest attorneys of both Seattle
and San Francisco," continued Mr. Patten, "and
all of them in addition to declaring that the
plan is invulnerable under the existing law. declare that it is a most comprehensive and ingenious one.
"The plan is a comparatively simple one. The
Interstate Red Cedar Shingle Company is a corporation, the stock of which is held by a few of
the principal shingle manufacturers of the state.
The capital stock is $50,000 and it is organized under the laws of the state. We have gone extensively into the lumber manufacturing business of the
state and its present condition, and. after so doing
have offered to enter into contracts with all of
the mills to purchase all of their product for 1904.
"There is no effort and no desire to limit production. Under the form of the contract offered
them we become the exclusive customer of the
mills for shingles to be shipped to points east of
the Cascade mountains. No eflort is made in any
manner to influence the local business.
"Our contracts are, in a sense, based upon the
capacity of the respective mills. For instance,
we ask a mill owner how many shingles he manufactured last year and he replies that he made,
say 100,000,000. We then offer to enter into a
contract with him to purchase that number, or any
other number of shingles from him next year at
a stipulated price. The contract provides that we
shall pay him $1.50 per thousand for the first 75,-
000,000, $1,25 for the next 25,000,000 and $1 per
thousand for all over that number.
"As shingles are at the present time selling
considerably below that figure, the offer has proven an attractive one to the mill owners and by
far the large majority of them have already signed with us. A study has been made of market
conditions and we are convinced that, we will be
able to dispose of all the shingles contracted for
at prices which will net. a profit over the cost of
the shingles under the contracts, and the cost of
handling and marketing.
"As dealers and consumers east of the Cascade mountains can purchase no Washington cedar shingles except from us, and none from us except at our prices, we believe, that we have solved
the question of getting for the producers good
prices for their product.
'Under our contracts with the mills all of the
shingles the mills have on hand January 1, and all
they manufacture during the year over and above
their local trade, are to be delivered to us. We
will place the product on the market and do all
in our power to build up as large and favorable
a market for the product as we can develop.
"The new company is not organized for the
purpose of restricting production and makes no
effort to do so. It is not organized f'»r the purpose of restricting interstate trade and makes no
effort to do so. It. is organized with a view of
making the shingle manufacturing business of the
state profitable and for the purpose of making
profits for the stockholders of the company. It is
a business proposition pure and simple. With all
of the mills which have entered into contracts
with us we have agreed to take a definite number
of Bhingles at. a certain specified price, and to take
all additional shingles manufactured by them at
a lower nriee.
'We depend upon the fact that it is unprofitable to manufacture at the lower prices to save
us from being overstocked with shingles under the
contracts. The contracts an; made for one year
only but the company is incorporated for thirty
years and the contracts can be renewed if it is
deemed advisable by the respective contracting
parties at the end  of the year."
In January there will be a meeting of the
shingle manufacturers in Seattle for the purpose of influencing men in the business who have
not accepted the company's contracts to do so at
once. Headquarters for the new company will
be in Seattle, offices having been secured in the
Bailey building. The officers of the company
are: Charles B. Patten, president; Ralph Mot-
calf, vice-president! M. Barles, second vice-president; Victor 11. Beckman, secretary, and S. T.
Smith treasurer. The members of the advisory
committee are: B. Q. Griggs, Tacoma; J. 1).
Rockey, Whatcom; II. (!. Richardson, Olympia;
L. A.Wheeler, Arlington: P. K. Baker, Everett;
(\ C. Bronson, Big Lake; (1. A. (urn. Dryad; I'].
Hammer, Sedro; C. F. White, Cosmopolis; F. s.
Stimson, Mallard; L. 11. Baldy, Whatcom; E. L.
Minard, Flma.
THE AMENDED LAND ACT AS FINALLY PASSED AND APPROVED,
Short Title.
AMENDMENT ONE.—This Act may be cited
as the "Land Act Amendment Act, 1903."
Re-enacts Sub-sections (1) and (2) of Section 41.
AMENDMENT TWO.—Subsection (5) of sec-
41 of chapter 113 of the Revised Statutes, 1897,
being the "Land Act." as enacted by section 6 of
chapter 30 of the Statutes of 1901, is hereby repealed.
Timber  Leases to   Be  Obtained  by  Public  Competition.
AMENDMENT THREE—Sub-sections (1) and
(2) of section 42 of said chapter 113 of the Revised Statutes, as enacted by section 7 of the
"Land Act Amendment Act, 1899," are hereby repealed, and the following sub section is substituted
therefor: —
"42. (1.) Leases of unpre-empted Crown timber lands may be offered to public competition,
and may be granted by the Lieutenant Governor
in Council to the person or corporation who has
tendered the highest cash bonus for a period not
to exceed twenty-one years, for the purpose of
cutting spars, timber or lumber, subject to th'"*
payment of a royalty of fifty cents per thousand
feet on the scale measurement of the logs cut on
the leased premises, and to the payment in advance of an annual rental of twenty-five cents per
acre: Provided, that when the lessee shall be the
owner of a properly equipped saw mill appurtenant to the leasehold and capable of cutting not
less than one thousand feet of lumber in inch
boards per day of twelve hours for each and every four hundred acres of land included in each
lease, and shall keep such saw mill running at
least six months in every year, cuttinc not less
than the said capacity, the annual rental shall be
reduced to fifteen cents per acre: Provided further, that if such saw mill shall not be kent run
ning for at least six months in every year, cutting not less than the said capacity, unless the
Lieutenant, Governor in Council, on account of
poor markets or other good reasons to be specified, excuse the said lessee from running the said
mill for the whole or any part of the said period
of six months in each year, it shall be lawful for
the Lieutenant-Governor in Council to cancel such
lease, but such cancellat'on shall not affect the
right of the Crown to collect all royalties and rent
payable up to the time of such cancellation."
Amends   Section   48—License    Required   to   Cut
Timber on Crown Lands.
AMENDMENT FOUR.--Section 4ft of the "Land
Act" is hereby amended by striking out the words
"or patented," at the end of the third line.
Amends Section 50—Special License to Cut
Timber.
AMENDMENT FIVE.—Section 50 of the
"Land Act" is hereby amended by striking out
the words "and patented land," at the beginning
of the third line.
Re-enacts Section 51—Mode of Obtaining Special
Licenses to Cut Timber.
AMENDMENT SIX.—Section 51 of the "Land
Act" is hereby repealed, and the following is substituted therefor: —
"51. Any person desirous of obtaining such
special licence shall comply with the following
provisions:
"(a.) He shall place at on^ angle or corner of
the limit he wishes to acquire a stake or post
at least four inches square and standing not
less than four feet above the ground, and up- BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
on such stake or post he shall inscribe his
name and the angle represented thereby, and
shall post a notice thereon giving a description in detail,, of the length and direction of
the boundary lines of the claim and the date
of location:
"(b.) He shall then publish for a period of
thirty days in the British Columbia Gazette,
and in any newspaper circulating in the district in which the lands lie, notice of his intention to apply for such licence, and shall
in such notice give the best description of
the land to be applied for, specifying metes
and bounds and such further particulars, if
any, as may he required by the Chief Commissioner:
"(c.) Within thirty days after the last publication of the advertisement in the British Columbia Gazette, he shall make application for
the licence, and such application shall be accompanied by a copy of the advertisement
and a sketch or plan of the limit sought to
be acquired, and a certified cheque for the
amount of license fee."
Re-enacts Section 52.—Adjudication of Adverse
Claims.
AMENDMENT SEVEN.—Section 52, of the
"Land Act" is hereby repealed, and the following
substituted therefor: —
"52. In the advent of any adverse claims being filed in writing with the Chief Commissioner,
he may hear and decide upon the same or may appoint any other person to hear and report upon
the same to him."
Re-enacts Section 53.—Area for Which Special
Timber Licence for Logging May Be
Granted.
AMENDMENT EIGHT.—Section 53 of the
"Land Act." as enacted by section 8 of chapter
30 of the Statutes of 1901, is hereby repealed, and
the following is substituted therefor: —
"53. A special license for logging purposes
shall not be granted for a larger area than 640
acres of land, which shall he in one block bounded by straight lines drawn to the cardinal points,
none of which lines shall be less than forty (40)
chains in length, except in cases where such a
length cannot be obtained. Such special licenses
may be granted for any period not exceeding
five years, and the fees payable therefor shall be
as follows: —
Fees.
For each  license for one year    $160
For each license for two years      320
For each license for three years      480
For each  license  for  four  years      640
For each license for five years     800
Payment for the whole period applied for shall
be made, or the license shall not issue. Such license may be granted or renewed at the discretion of the Chief Commissioner."
Re-enacts Section 58—Royalty Reserved to the
Crown on all Wood and Timber Cut upon
Timber Lease-holds.
AMENDMENT NINE—Section 58 of the
"Land Act" is hereby repealed, and the following
section is substituted therefor: —
"58. (1.) There is reserved to and for the use
of His Majesty, his heirs and successors, a royalty
of fifty cents for every thousand feet, hoard measurement, upon and in respect of all timber suitable
for spars, piles, saw logs, or railroad ties, props
for mining purposes, shingle or other bolts of
cedar, fir or spruce, and a royalty of twenty-five
cents for every cord of other wood cut upon timber leaseholds. Piles shall be measured by the
running foot, and railway ties and props shall be
measured by the cord; and for the purposes of
this Act. two hundred running feet of piles, or
one cord of ties, props or holts shall be taken
respectively as equal to one thousand feet hoard
measure.
Tax Uoon all Timber Except That Upon Which
Royalty   Reserved   by  the   Preceding   Sub-
Section.
"(2.) There shall be due and payable to His
Majesty, his heirs and successors, a tax upon all
timber  cut  within   the  Province  of  British   Columbia,   save   and   except   that   upon   which     a
royalty  is  reserved  by  the previous  sub-section
or that upon which  any royalty or tax payable
to the Government of the Dominion of Canada,
which tax shall he in accordance with the following schedules:—
Schedule No. 1.
W u
£}   CD    U   I*
3  >    CD   CD
«> O  *r\ >
3        « O
^*   I *■>
JO   rt O
«     No. 1. No   2. No. 3.
feet inches   $          $ $
Rates per 1000 feet   40     24     2 00     150 100
board measure,    50     24     2 25     1 75 1 25
on grades    1,    2   60     24     2 50     2 00 1 50
and 3; spars and   70     24     2 75     2 25 1 75
sawlogs, and saw    80     24     3 00     2 50 2 00
bolts of all kinds, over
80     24     4 00     3 00 2 50
Diameter
inches.       Grade.
Not    Not No. 1 No. 2. No. 3.
over under $ cts. $ cts. $ cts.
•Additional    rate    25     31         20         15 10
added      for in-    32     36         40         30 20
creased sizes.         37     41        60         45 30
42     45         80         60 40
46     48     1 00         75 50
over
48              1 50     1 00 75
*A rebate of all tax over 50 cts.  per 1,000
feet, board measurement, is allowed when the timber is manufactured in the Province.
Schedule No. 2.
■g, g  £ >       » ft.
feet. in.     $ cts. length B.M.
Piles,     poles    and    40 11 01 40 $2 50
crib timbers, all    50 11 0114 50 2 25
piles     or    poles    60 11 01% 60 2 50
over    12    in.   in    70 11 01% 70 2 75
diameter shall be   80 11 02 80 3 00
scaled       graded over over
No.   1,   and   tax-   80 11 02% 80 4 00
ed at rates as under "P. M. B. M."
A rebate of one-quarter of one cent per lineal
foot is allowed when the timber is manufactured
or used in the Province.
"Provided always, that the Lieutenant-Governor
in Council may allow such rebate on piles, telegraph poles and crib timber not manufactured or
used in the Province as may be deemed advisable."
Schedule No. 3.
Mining props and lagging 50c. per cord
Railway ties  50c. per cord
Cordwood 25c. per cord
"A rebate will be allowed of all the tax over
and above one cent per cord on all railway ties,
mine props and lagging and cordwood used in the
Province."
Schedule No. 4.
"Shingle or other bolts of cedar, fir or spruce,
one dollar per cord. The rebate to be allowed
when manufactured or used in the Province of
British Columbia shall be all over and above fifty
cents per cord.
"Shingle or other bolts of cedar, fir or spruce,
one dollar per cord. The rebate to be allowed
when manufactured or used in the Province of
British Columbia shall be all over one cent per
cord.
Scaling.
"(3.) All timber upon which any royalty or
tax is payable to the Crown shall be scaled and
graded by an official scaler in accordance with the
provisions of the "Timber Measurement Act,
1902."
Exemption   of  Actual   Settlert  from   Royalty  or
Tax Upon Cordwood.
"(4.) Actual settlers who are pre-emptors of
Crown Lands, who have occupied their pre-emption claims for two years, who have had the said
claim surveyed, and who have taken out certificates of improvement, shall be exempted from the
payment of royalty or tax upon cordwood upon
their pre-emption claims for sale."
Re-enacts Section 59—Lien for Royalty, Tax and
Rent.
AMENDMENT TEN.—Section 59 of the "Land
Act" is hereby repealed, and the following is substituted therefor: —
"59. All timber or wood upon which a royalty
or tax is reserved, or which has been cut upon
timber leaseholds, shall be liable for the payment of the royalty tax (and in the case of leaseholds for the rent) by this Act imposed, so long
and wheresoever the timber, or any part of it
may be found in British Columbia, whether In
the original logs or manufactured into deal boards
or other stuffs; and in case such timber or wood
has been made up with other timber or wood into
a crib, dam or raft, or in any other manner has
been so mixed up as to render it impossible or
difficult to distinguish the timber liable to the
payment of royalty, tax or rent from timber or
wood not so liable, such other timber or wood shall
also be liable for all royalty, tax and rent imposed by this Act; and all officers or agents entrusted
with the collection of the royalty, tax or rent may
follow all such timber or wood and seize and detain the same wherever it is found until such
royalties, tax and rent, and the reasonable costs
and expenses of such seizure and detention, are
paid or secured."
Rt-enacts | Section   60—Lien   Upon   Steamships,
Etc.
AMENDMENT ELEVEN.—Section 60 of the
"Land Act" is hereby repealed, and the following substituted therefor: —
"60. The Crown shall have a lien upon all
saw mills or other factories, steamships, railway
and stationary engines, smelters, concentrators,
and all furnaces or machinery in or for which any
timber or wood upon which a royalty or tax is
reserved or payable in any way or manner, or for
any purpose, has been or is being manufactured,
used or consumed, also upon all steamships, tow-
boats, scows or other vessels, upon all engines,
logging plant or material, and upon all railway
trains, teams and wagons in any way engaged
in taking out or in transporting such timber; such
lien to confer the same rights, and to be enforceable in the same manner as the lien and rights
of recovery of royalties conferred by the provisions in that behalf of this Act."
Re-enacts Section 61—Accounts and Returns.
AMENDMENT TWELVE.—Section 61 of the
"Land Act" is hereby repealed and the following substituted therefor: —
"61. Every lessee or licensee of timber lands,
and every person operating a mill or other industry which may cut or use timber or cordwood upon or in respect of which any royalty or tax is
by this Act reserved or imposed, shall keep correct books of accounts of all timber or cordwood
cut or received by or for them, and shall render
monthly statements thereof which shall contain
all such particulars as the Chief Commissioner
may require; and such books of account shall be
open at all reasonable hours for the inspection
of any person appointed for carrying out the provisions of this Act. and shall pay monthly sums
of money, as are shown to be due, to the Chief
Commissioner of Lands and Works."
Amends Section   62.—Mill   Owners  May  Collect
Royalties   Due.—Crown   Lien   on   Mill   and
Timber Thereat.
AMENDMENT THIRTEEN.—Section 62 of the
"Land Act" is hereby repealed and the following
substituted therefor: —
"62. It shall be lawful for any person owning
or operating any mill to collect royalties due to
the Crown upon any logs which mav be brought
to his mill, and to give receipts therefor. All moneys so received shall be accounted for and paid
over to the Crown. The Crown shall have a Hen
upon the mill and all timber thereat or on any
lands or waters appurtenant thereto, for all royalties collected under this section; such lien to
confer the same rights and be enforceable in the
same manner as the lien held under section 59
of this Act may from time to time be."
Amends  Section   63—Timber  That   May   Be  Cut
Without   Payment  of   Royalty   or  Tax.
AMENDMENT FOURTEEN.—Section 63 of the
"Land Act" is hereby amended by adding the
following words at the end thereof:—"Nor shall
such person be required to pay royalty or tax
thereon."
Amends Section 64—Persons Who May Seize for
Crown Dues.
Amendment FIFTEEN.—Section 64 of the
"Land Act" is hereby amended by Inserting the
following words:—"or any person acting under
the authority or by direction of either of them,"
after the word "Act," in the eleventh line.
Re-enacts Section 67.—Sale of Seized Timber.
AMENDMENT SIXTEEN.—Section 67 of the
"Land Act" is hereby repealed, and the following substituted therefor: —
"67. All timber seized under this Act shall
be deemed to be condemned unless the amounts
due for rent, royalty or tax, and the costs and
expenses of seizure and detention, be paid within ten days from the day of seizure, or unless th«
person from whom it was seized, or the owner s
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
VANCOUVER ENGINEERING WORKS, Ltd
ENGINEERS
SAW MILL MACHINERY
OF EVERY
DESCRIPTION.
Boilers,
Engines,
Pumps,
Pulleys,
Shafting,
Conveyors.
LOGGING ENGINES
9 x 10 Single and Double Drum
Yarding Engines.
10 x 15 Double Drum Roading
Engines.
Agents for " Leschen's " Patent Green
Strand Logging Rope.
EVERYTHING FOR SAW MILL TRADE.
Works: Heatley Avenue
...VANCOUVER, B. C.
SA^^A^^^A^^^A^^AA^^^A^AA^AAAAAA^^^AAAAAAA^^^A^^^^^^^^^^^^^VVV^^^^VWVWMWWyWyvyVWWMWWWVyMWW^
BECKMAN & CHISHOLM
MANUFACTURERS OF
RED   CEDAR   SHINGLES
AND
ROUGH, KILN DRIED
SASH AND DOOR
STOCK, CUT TO SIZE.
. ADDRESS, CEDAR COVE, B. C.
PHONE A 1416.
ALLEN'S
PRESS CLIPPING 1E|
OFFICES:
McKay Building, Portland, Oregon.
230 California Street, San Francisco, Cal.
223 West Second Street, Los Angeles, Cal.
Telephone Ore. Main 565.
ARTHUR P. MAY & CO.
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
AMERICAN AND AUSTRALIAN
HARDWOOD LUMBER
Embossed Mouldings, Carvings, etc.,
Plate, Sheet and Fancy Glass,
Burlaps and Wall Papers.
Correspondence Solicited. Orders Promptly Attended to.
P. O. Box 194.
544 SEYMOUR ST.,
VANCOUVER, B. C.
TIMBER LIMITS...
I deal in all classes of British Columbia Timber
Limits and can furnish large or small tracts...
Lands Crown Granted previous to 1887
range in price, from $] 5.00 to $25.00 per
acre ; lands Crown Granted between
1887 and 1901, from $5.00 to $1*2.00 per
acre; Dominion leases, from $4.00 to
$7.00 ; Provincial leases, from $6.00 to
$12.00; Provincial Licenses, from $1.50
to $4.00	
I HAVE A SPECIAL TRACT  CARRYING  ABOUT 80,000,000 FEET OF  CEDAR AND
FIR   FOR SALE AT $10,000 CASH.
C. D. RAND, Broker
450 GRANVILLE ST.,
j VANCOUVER, B. C. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
9
thereof, within ten days from the day of seizure,
give notice to the seizing officer or nearest Government agent that he disputes the seizure; falling such payment or notice, the Chief Commissioner may order tut* sale of the said timber, or so
much thereor as may be sufficient to pay all
rents or royalties due, and all costs and expenses
of seizure and detention and sale."
Re-enacts Section 68.—Determination of Validity of Seizures.
AMENDMENT SEVENTEEN—Section 68 of
the "Land Act" is hereby repealed, and the following substituted therefor: —
"68. Any Judge of the Supreme or of a County
Court may, upon petition in a summary way, try
and determine such seizures, and may order the
delivery of the timber to the alleged owner, upon
his complying with the following requirements: —
"(a.) He shall first pay the full amount of
the rent, royalty or tax claimed, together with
a sum equal to the costs and expenses to that
time incurred in respect of such seizure, and
shall give sufficient and acceptable security
for such amount to meet further costs and
expenses as the Judge trying the case may
consider requisite for that purpose:
"(b.) Such security shall be taken in the
name of the Chief Commissioner to His Majesty's use, and shall be delivered up and
kept by the Chief Commisioner:
"(c.) If such seized timber is condemned,
the value thereof, or the amount due for royalty, tax, rent and costs or expenses, shall be
forthwith paid to the Chief Commisioner, otherwise the penalty shall be enforced and recovered."
timber which he claimed to have sold Mackintosh.
The appeal was dismissed with costs.
Amendment 18 was added to the original bill,
reading as follows:
"AMENDMENT EIGHTEEN—Notwithstanding
anything in this Act contained, the powers and
discretion of the Crown and the just rights and
privileges of those persons who in good faith
have complied with the provisions of the sections
of the Land Act relating to pulp leases shall be
preserved."
The "Act to Amend the 'Land Act'" as it
stands on the statutes now, finally passed the
third reading on November 12, and was assented to by His Honer the Lieutenant-Governor. Following are the changes and additions to the bill
originally introduced by the Government, as
printed above:
East of Cas-
West of cades and
Cascade the Elect.
Range. Dis. of Atlin
For each license for 1 year..$140 $115
For each license for 2 years..  280 230
For each license for 3 years..  420 345
For each license for 4 years..  560 460
For each license for 5 years..  700 575
Payment for the whole period applied for shall
be made, or the license shall not issue. Such license may be granted or renewed at the discretion of the Chief Commissioner, and shall be subject to such tax and royalty as may be by this
Act or from time to time by any Act of the Legislature of the Province of British Columbit imposed."
All of paragraph (1) of section 58, Amendment
Nine, was struck out.
The paragraph marked "*" after the second
table of Amendment Nine, Schedule 1, now reads:
"One cent," instead of "fifty cents per 1000 ft."
The paragraph after Schedule 2 now reads:
"One two-thousandths of one cent," instead of
"one-quarter of one cent."
LAW  DECISIONS  OF  INTEREST TO  LUMBERMEN.
The majority of the supreme court cases set
down for trial at the approaching assizes at Nelson, this month, has been laid over by consent until the assizes following, which will be held in
February. The cases laid over include the suit of
the Lamb Lumber Company, against the Revel-
stoke Lumber Co., partially tried at the recent assizes.
The jury in the action for damages brought by
Walter McLoughlin against the Wheeler Osgood
Company in the superior court at Everett, Wash.,
returned after four hours and a half deliberation.
It awarded $9,041.66. Suit was brought for $25,-
000. McLoughlin was injured while working in
the company's mill several months ago by falling
against a saw.
The charge of conspiracy laid by John A. Christie against Hunter Bros., and Fox, of the Erie Mill
Co., and the counter charge of perjury laid by the
Hunter Bros, and Fox against John C. Christie,
were up before Magistrate Russell's Court, Vancouver, Dec. 4 and 5. The case arises out of a
timber limit of 2,000 acres in extent. On the advice of H. A. Fraser, who represented himself to
be an experienced timber man. John A. Christie
purchased the limit for $50,000. Christie claims,
and produces documents to show, that it was represented to him that the limit contained 2,000
acres, that it would cut 20,000 feet to the acre, and
that the cedar would run one-third clear.
This constitutes the case in the charge of
fraud, which was first taken up. This is the
counterpart of a civil action, which Is being
fought out before the Supreme Court, Christie having paid $2,000 on the limits, and having given
notes for the balance, which he wants returned.
The Erie Mill people, on the other hand, are suing for payment of these notes.
Mr. T. Otis, timber cruiser for Christie, testified that after the bargain he had examined the
property in company with another cruiser by the
name of Shay and that he had found the representations made by Hunter Bros, and Fox, of the
Erie Mill Co., were false. Otis went up to take
out timber for Christie, but he claimed that he
could not take out a single boom at a profit, and
he advised Christie to pull out the outfit and
abandon the limit as the place was not worth
working.
Mr. C. C. McCaul, who acted as solicitor for
Mr. Christie at the time the deal was made, gave
evidence from the records of the Supreme Court
proceedings, in which W. H. Hunter had sworn
that the claims went 15 to 30 million feet, but he
gave Reilly an option, in which it was stated that
they went 40 to 60 million feet.
Magistrate Russell held that the evidence showed that the complainant, Christie had been grossly misled in regard to the value of the limits; but
what he had to consider was whether or not a conspiracy had been committed. He thought that
from the evidence a case of obtaining money under false pretences had been made out. but no
evidence had been adduced to show that the Hunters, Fox and Fraser had conspired to misrepresent the value of the claim. Under any circumstances there was only evidence against one man,
and as the criminal act of one partner could not
be made to implicate the other members of a partnership, no case of conspiracy whatever could be
considered as made out. The accused were,
therefore, discharged.
An application was made in Supreme Court
Chambers, of the Vancouver, Westminster & Yukon Railway, for an injunction to prevent Mr. J.
Connors, a lumberman, from maintaining a dam
in the Brunette river. The company claims that
the maintaining of a dam is a menace to their
road-bed and that, as a matter of fact, it has already been the cause of four hundred feet of the
bed being washed away. The application was refused.
The judgment of the British Columbia Supreme
Court in the case of O'Brien vs. Mackintosh was
sustained by the Supreme Court at Ottawa, November 30. This was an appeal from the Full
Court of B. C, which was against O'Brien, who
sought to recover $1,500 and costs on a suit for
LOGGERS' PETITION TO PROVINCIAL  LEGISLATURE.
The following petition that special licenses to
cut timber be made transferable, has been presented to the Provincial Parliament at Victoria.
The document requests that restrictions on special timber licenses be removed so as to make
them transferable, so that the assurance of title
to the timber specified in the license may be obtained. As a result of the granting of the petition
banks and other financial institutions could then
accept the licenses as collateral security for advances made on logging operations.
The petition, which was numerously signed
by those interested, reads as follows:
"The humble petition of the undersigned holders of special licenses to cut timber, showeth as
follows:
"Whereas, under section 8 of chapter 30, of the
statutes of British Columbia, 1901, which substitutes section 53 of chapter 113 of the revised statutes of British Columbia, 1897 (being the "Land
Act"), special licenses can be issued for a period
not exceeding one year, and are only renewable
at the discretion of the chief commissioner of
lands and works;
"And, whereas, under the same section, such
special  licenses are not transferable:
"And, whereas, by reason of the above named
restrictions being imposed, a special license gives
its holder the assurance of title to the timber on
the land covered by license;
"And, whereas, by reason of the same restriction, capitalists, banks and other financial institutions will not accept special licenses as collateral security for advances made for the purpose
of opening up and logging timber covered by
such license, or for any other purpose whatsoever, which creates a great hardship and loss to
licensees who have not sufficient means to obtain the benefit of their property;
"Your petitioners, therefore, humbly pray that
legislation necessary to amend the 'land act' and
provide for the annual renewal of 'special licenses to cut timber' and making the same transferable, be introduced and passed at the forthcoming session of your honorable assembly."
BELLA  COOLA  PULP  AND  PAPER  CO.
Last year the settlers in Bella Coola district
made a bargain with Robert M. Thompson, a
company promoter of Tacoma, Wash., to the effect that if he would put in and operate a pulp
mill in the settlement they would allow him to
cut and carry away pulp wood from their farms
free of charge. The mill was to be of a capacity of not less than 125 tons of pulp per day; half
that amount per day to be produced within two
years from the date of the signing of the agreement and the full amount within three years. The
settlers signing the agreement hold an aggregate
of 6,700 acres of land, a great part of it being
covered with good pulp material, cottonwood and
spruce, and there is also a fine lot of fir and cedar
which is included in the agreement. The agreement is to last for forty-two years, the settlers
retaining a portion of the timber to be selected
for their own use.
The advantage the settlers sought by this
agreement was two-fold—a large industry would
be established in their midst, giving employment
to many hands, and the cutting of timber from
their lands would serve to clear their home-
steads. The employment of cutting timber would
be largely given to the settlers themselves, who
would thus practically be receiving pay for making their own clearings.
On the strength of this agreement Mr. Thompson formed a company under the laws of the State
of Washington, called the Bella Coola Pulp and
Paper Company, the articles of incorporation giving them the right to establish not only pulp mills,
but, paper and lumber mills.
During the present year a gang of timber cruisers have been at work at Bella Coola in the interests of the company.
"I am getting great news from the cruisers
at Bella Cola," said Mr. Thompson. "They say
it is the greatest proposition on the continent.
They have selected over half the timber already
and are about half through with the ground, so
we will get our quota all right. They are selecting nothing less than one million to two millions
to the forty acres, and the timber is all within a
mile and a half of the very best driving waters.
They report it to be worth, as compared to Washington timber, two dollars a thousand stump-
age. That is equal to the very best timber we
have in Washington. I am extremely well pleased with the prospect."
To get this business under full headway-
pulp, paper and saw mills—a capital of one mil-
lion dollars will be required. The work will go
forward gradually, and a start will be
made with the pulp mill next year. The site for
the mills is opposite the cannery wharf, near
the head of the inlet, where a splendid water power is available.
SILK MADE OF WOOD.
A plant for making silk from wood, erected
near Sydowsaue, Germany, is at present turning
out fifty pounds of skein silk a day, which product can be increased in quantity to 2,000 pounds.
The silk is soft in texture, and creamy in color.
Each thread is made up of 18 single strands. A
single strand is hardly perceptible to the naked
eye. In strength it is but one-third that of real
silk. The pulp undergoes a chemical process and
is pressed through very fine tubes by hydraulic
pressure, forming the single strands which go to
make up the thread. 10
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
PROBABLE ESTABLISHMENT OF A SAW FACTORY AT VANCOUVER.
Mr. A. J. Burton, of Parry Sound, Ont., wants
to establish an industry here for the manufacture o£ saws. He is desirous of forming a company and is at present in the city endeavoring
to secure financial assistance, and may ask
for aid from the City Council.
"The existence in British Columbia and the
Northwest Territories of so many large saw mills
and other factories using saws largely imported
from the United Slates, suggests the establishment of a factory for the manufacture of saws
in Vancouver, the commercial metropolis of the
Canadian west," said Mr. Burton recently.
"A full inquiry and careful estimate of the
number of saws imported for use in your mills,
discloses an expenditure of at least $28,000 annually for the first cost of saws alone. The item
does not include in some cases the finishing,
toothing and repairing of slight or large defects in
saws, caused by accident, misuse or otherwise.
To equip a mill of the capacity of the large Pacific coast mills with saws involves an expenditure
of about $4,600.
"The initial supply of steel for the better saws
manufactured in the United States came from
England. The American manufacturers' freight
and duty largely exceeds the freight on steel per
sailing ship from Liverpool to Vancouver. The
new company will, therefore, be at no disadvantage in obtaining its stock of steel.
"Numerous tests made in the United States
disclose positively that the steel supplied by the
celebrated Jesson Steel Company, of Sheffield,
Eng., is far superior for the purpose of manufacturing saws than any other steel known to the
trade. The furnaces for tempering purposes are
no longer a matter of experiment, but are built
on scientific principles. I will undertake the construction of such furnaces as are required here
on the ground or will order the finished furnace
as presently supplied to and used by the Americans from the original manufacturer.
"The objects of the proposed company are to
manufacture, and in some cases to partly manufacture or finish, all band, gang, circular and
other saws, and washers used in mills, box factories or other wood working manufactories, and
to buy and sell, or act as agents for other manufacturers of all classes of machinery and supplies used in lumber, shingle and planing mills or
box factories, such as file room machines, tools,
etc.
"It is intended in the new factory to employ
not only the best material, but the most capable
and expert workmen now working at the trade,
so that an article of saw equal if not superior to
the best ever put in British Columbia can be
iupplied to mill men and others with guarantees
ttached, which can he looked over and made good
nder the eyes of the managers and workmen
ho turn out the work.
"It is generally admitted that the saws man-
factured  in  the  United   States  are  superior  to
ose at present being manufactured  in eastern
anada.   The reason for this is the lack of capi-
,1 and the consequent lack of modern  machin-
y and methods in turning out the Canadian out-
t.   Unless the new company can overcome these
lfficulties, the proposed incorporation will not be
ioceeded with.
"The plant including buildings, engines, boilers, furnaces, grinders and other appliances, will
cost some $27,000. A year's supply of steel in the
rough will cost an additional $5,000, necessitating
a subscribed capital of say $50,000 to establish
the company on a business basis.
"All the different wood cutting interests using
saws in British Columbia will he interested if
possible, in order that they may participate in
the profits arising from this initial enterprise. A
table of figures will he supplied to intending subscribers, disclosing net profits in respect to every
saw turned out, of over one hundred per cent.
"The city of Vancouver will be asked for a
free site and free water and exemption from
taxes for a number of years. Should the request
be granted, all shareholders will participate in
the advantages thereby accruing to the company."
THE ORIENTAL POWER AND PULP CO., LTD.
Acting on cabled instructions from the board
of directors of the Oriental Power and Pulp
Company, Ltd., Mr. J. M. McKinnon, of Messrs.
McKinnon, Ferguson & Co., local managers of
the company, has commenced operations in connection with the carrying out of the company's
big scheme in Northern British Columbia.
The company's mill will be erected on Swan-
son's Bay, Graham Reach, which is on the mainland directly opposite Princess Royal Island, and
a force of men are now at work clearing the site.
The mill will have a daily capacity of fifty tons
of paper at first, but will be capable of enlargement. Plans and specifications for the mill are
now being prepared by the Jenckes Machine
Company, of Sherbrooke, Que. Plans art also
being prepared locally for a saw mill with a daily
capacity of between 35.000 and 40,000 feet for the
use of the company. These two mills, especially
the pulp and paper mill, will, of course, require
a large amount of machinery, and will cost in
the neighborhood of $500,000. They will take between one and twu years to complete; that is, before paper is turned out.
Besides the erection of the mills, the company
will put in an extensive water power plant, the
power being furnished by the falls in a stream
running out of Yule lake, at the head of which
lake a large reservoir will be erected. The company's engineer has shown that a head of 371 feet
can be obtained in half a mile, sufficient to develop 17,160 horse power. This plant can be installed very cheaply, as the natural formation of the
country suits itself admirably to the purposes of
the company. The location selected for the mill
site is an admirable one. It is on a land-locked
harbor with deep water capable of floating vessels of any draught. Further it is most conveniently situated, being only half a mile out of the
regular course of steamers plying to Northern
British Columbia and Alaska ports. There will
thus be every facility for the shipment and delivery of freight and supplies.
The timber limits possessed by the company
amount altogether to the huge total of 83,200
acres. These limits are located in the district
around the mill site, on Gardner's Canal, the south
end of Princess Island, Green Island, Klekane, Al-
tanhash, Khutze and other places. Of this huge
total, 62,000 acres have already been selected and
surveyed. The balance has been cruised and is
ready for survey.
The necessary capital for this important enterprise is nearly all supplied in England and
Scotland, Mr. J. J. Palmer, of Toronto, the former
president, being the only Canadian shareholder.
The board of directors consists of Col. W. A. Mollis, William Walker, J. P., John Yule and E. B.
Wyman.
The establishment of such an important industry in British Columbia will mean much to the
Province and especially to Vancouver. The management being vested in a local firm, Vancouver
will, of course, be selected as the shipping point
while supplies and other necessities will be
bought here and the whole of the business of the
concern transacted in this city. Its establishment
will also draw attention in England to British
Columbia's forest wealth, especially in the line of
timber suitable for the manufacture of pulp and
paper, and other mills of a similar nature will
no doubt be erected in the near future.
A    BIG    TIMBER    CONTRACT.
The Canadian Timber and Sawmill Company,
with headquarters at Trout Lake, B. C, has let a
contract for 100.000,000 feet of logs, involving an
expenditure of half a million dollars, to Mr. E.
L. Kinnon. English capital is backing the enterprise, and the contract is the largest so far
let in the interior of the Province. Manager J.
B. Henderson states that the mill will give employment to 100 men, and will have a capacity
of 60,000 feet per day. The company owns from
four to six hundred million feet of timber along
the lake front.
BRITISH  COLUMBIA  INCORPORATIONS.
Certificates of incorporation have been issued
to the following:
Pacific Pile Preserving Companv, Ltd —
Capital, $20,000. in 20,000 shares of $1 each. To
acquire from J. A. Cristie his rights under an
agreement made between the Atlantic and Pacific
Pile Preserving Company, of Seattle, and the said
J. A. Christie.
Surrey Shingle Manufacturing Company Ltd —
Capital, $15,000 in 1,500 shares of $10 each.
The Hutchinson Lumber Company incorporated with a capital of $20,000 to carry on a mill
at Eburne.
The Great West Lumber Company, Ltd. capital $100,000, in shares of $1 each. The company
is organized for general purposes of getting out
or purchasing logs and timber and manufacturing
same into lumber.
The  Great  Northern  Lumber  Company,  Ltd
capital  $25,000, in $1   shares.    It is proposed to
conduct a general logging and lumber manufacturing business.
LEGISLATION    AFFECTING    LOGGING    RAILROADS.
While Clause 10 of the Railway Assessment bill
(exempting electric railways from taxation under this act), was under consideration in Parliament in Victoria, Mr. Patorson argued that railways built for logging purposes should also be
exempted.
The attorney-general observed that he could
conceive that there were railroads, such as logging roads, which were not railways in the sense
which would be naturally understood as such under the Act, and he did not think it was intended
that such roads should be taxed under the provisions of the Act. He pointed out that the Act
had been in force for nine years and no difficulty
had arisen as suggested by Mr. Paterson. The mere
fact that the rate of taxation was increased was
no reason for the assumption that there would be
difficulty in the future.
Mr. Williams said that the Chemainus Tagging
Company had recently appealed from a $3,000 per
mile assessment on its logging road, on the ground
that it was not a railway within the meaning of
the statute.
In order to remove all room for misunderstanding in the Act the finance minister offered a new
clause providing that the Act should not apply
to railroads used exclusively for the carriage of
logs, ores or coal.    This was adopted.
LUMBERMEN  MEET IN PORTLAND AND SAN
FRANCISCO.
At the last meeting of the Pacific Coast Lumbermen, held at Portland, Ore., the latter part
of December, for the purpose of renewing the
agreement as to prices and output, a serious disagreement arose between some of the interests
represented. The old agreement has been in effect
for two yars past and included lumber manufacturers of Washington, Oregon and California, and
aimed to regulate the price of export lumber as
well as the pro rata output of the mills in that
trade. As a result of the disagreement at Portland, the export lumber trade of the Pacific Coast
is seriously threatened with demoralization.
The portion of the agreement over which the
contention exists is the one which pro-rates the
output of each mill according to its capacity, and
provides arbitrarily that any mill which exceeds
this output shall forfeit the proceeds of the excess. It stated that the California milimen desired a modification of this part of the agreement,
so as to permit any mill to produce more than
its quota in a district where the demand exceeds
the supply, without suffering penalty.
The Northwestern milimen, on the other hand,
wish the old agreement to remain unchanged.
As the present agreement terminates on the last
day of the present month, unless some decision is
arrived at by the contending factions, the mills
of Oregon and Washington find themselves confronted with a change in the price of export lumber. A committee, composed of E. A. Skinner,
of Port Blakeley, Richard Alexander and R. L
McCormack, of Portland, representing the Pacific
Coast Lumbermen, as the export combine of the
mills of Washington, Orego and California are
known, is in San Francisco to confer with the
local lumbermen with a view toward settling a
number of differences which exist between them
and the combine.
The existing agreement between the local
mills and the combine expires on the first day
in a shrdlu cmfwyp vbgkqj x/.fifTifffirn ,.: ; cmfwy
of the new year, and if it is intended to renew it
a modification of certain provisions ranked as
unfavorable by the mill men of this city must, it
is said, be effected. If the conference fails of
this purpose it is expected that a livelv war will
develop among the exporters of the Coast. The
later have been selling at. a bassie rate of $14,
and a disolution of the present combine will, it is
said, knock the pivotal point lower, and it is said
will demoralize the export trade in so far as the
mill men are concerned.
ONTARIO TIMBER AGENTS CHANGE.
The constantly increasing timber operations of
the "Soo" district have decided the Government
to divide the Sault Ste. Marie agency, so as to
facilitate the transaction of departmental business in Algoma. The new Soo district will be in
charge of Mr. J. W. Maughan, of the Soo. and
the Thessalon district will be in charge of Mr
T. G. Wrigg, of Thessalon.
The Department has also decided to unite the
Whitney division with the Arnprior agency, which
it is believed, will facilitate the work of the department in that district. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
11
VULCAN IRON WORKS
SEATTLE, WASHINGTON
Manufacturers of Machinery
JOBBERS OF SUPPLIES
")
)
)
A   SPECIALTY
Architectural
Iron Work...
Steel Beams
AGENTS   FOR
CARBORUNDUM
Wheels  for Grinding,  Polishing and Gumming
Cloth and Paper-The Most Economical for Shop Use. 12
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
EASTERN B  C. ASSOCIATED BOARDS OF
TRADE.
In referring, among other subjects to the lumber industry of this Province, President Buchanan
addressed the Associated Boards of Trade of
Eastern British Columbia, in session at Rossland,
as follows:
"The lumber industry has attracted the greatest attention during the year, many thousand acres
of timber land have been taken up by prospective
lumber men, a number of new mills have been established and more are in contemplation.
"The admission of rough lumber from the United States into Canada free of duty, while our lumber is debarred from their market by a duty of
$2 per thousand feet, is felt by our manufacturers
of lumber as an injustice, and in view of the fact
that a tariff affording moderate protection to all
native industries seems to be a permanently established trade policy of Canada, the attitude of our
lumbermen's association in asking for the imposition of a duty of $2 per thousand feet upon rough
lumber coming into Canada seems justifiable."
After a lengthy discussion the following resolution was adopted:
"Resolved, That the admission of foreign lumber into Canada free of duty, is an injustice to
the lumber industry of British Columbia that
should be remedied."
B. C. LICENSES AND ROYALTIES.
The following table of receipts shows the receipts of the Province of British Columbia from
timber licenses and timber royalty for the fiscal
years ending with:
June 30. 1889   $ 13,286.07
June 30, 1890      18,356.47
June 30, 1891       25,172.37
June 30, 1892       20,475.58
June 30, 1893         9,586.76
June 30, 1894       18,725.74
June 30. 1895       16,581.09
June 30, 1896       31,514.12
June 30, 1897       55,631.99
June 30, 1898      57,647.79
June 30. 1899       64,333.48
June 30. 1900       97,517.99
June 30. 1901       86,613.31
June 30, 1902    115,210.87
June 30. 1903    214,106.56
Total  to June 30.  1903    $844,650.79
The provincial receipts from timber leases for
the period 1887 to 1903 are as follows, ending
with the fiscal vear on:
June 30, 1887   $   7,319.14
June 30. 1888      14,504.12
June 30, 1889       11,869.16
June 30. 1890         6,314.10
June 30, 1891       16,500.37
une 30, 1892       23,824.01
June 30, 1893       13,426.70
June 30. 1894       24,925.44
June 30. 1895       49,544.11
June 30, 1896       27,876.54
une 30. 1897       40,663.54
une 30, 1898       46,076.79
une 30. 1899       24,143.31
une 30, 1900      38,812.61
une 30. 1901       28,981.10
une 30, 1902       45,861.90
June 30. 1903     84,111.75
Total  to June  30,  1903    $504,727.69
B.   C.   TIMBER    LICENSES   FOR    NOVEMBER.
During the month of November the Lands
and Works Department issued 105 licenses to cut
timber in the Province. Of these 25 licenses were
issued for the West Kootenay district. 33 for
the East Kootenay district, 22 for New Westminster district, 12 for the Coast district, and the
rest scattering.
GOLD   TEREDO    PROOF    PILE    PRESERVING.
An object lesson in comparison of respective
merits of preservatives and coverings for piles
may be seen in the window of Campbell Bros.,
electrical shop in the Arcade. The exhibit is put
in by Mr. E. Gold, patentee of the Gold patent
teredo-proof pile covering. It shows all the principal coverings and preservatives, both in their
condition before use and after having stood the
test   )f time, sea water and the teredo.
A most interesting sample portion of a pile
originally covered by the copper sheathing known
as Munse metal, shows both the corroding action
of the salt water on the delicate copper covering,
the injuries from outside through hard substances'
breaking the metal, and then the action of the
teredos after they get an opening. The pile is
more than half eaten away, and then the hollow
shell has been crushed by a blow from some outside cause.
The soft portion of the pile has all been eaten away, leaving the knots untouched, like
the bone's of a skeleton, the teredos evidently
finding that the hard nature of the knots prevented them boring through easily. Another sample of copper coverings is fairly corroded into a
network of small holes, making it quite useless
as a protection. Another part of the exhibit is
a portion of a copper sheet, showing the metal before it is applied, together with the big brass
nails used. The pile to which this sheathing is
applied must first be prepared by carefully dressing it   down, a process taking much time and ex-
DOllSG
A portion of pile is shown treated by the creosote protection, forced under vacuum pressure into the wood. Another sample shows thecarbol-
ineum process, the block being split to show that
there is little if any penetration, the dressing
being merely surface, like a coat of oil.
Samples are also shown of the "perfection
protection," a process which has been largely
adopted in the Seattle harbor, and by the United States Government. Over $300,000 of this has
been used in Seattle alone, and the United States
Government, on Oct. 3rd last, placed an order for
$73,890 for the new Paget Sound United States
navy dock. This covering is shown first fresh,
as it is when put on, and after it has been exposed for some time. Its defects are that it melts
and runs in the sun, and does not withstand the
injuries from blows that may strike it.
A model pile covered by the Gold process is
shown, also portions of a pile which was driven at
the C. P. R. docks in Vancouver harbor on April
23rd, 1902. A pile driver with a 3,200-lb. hammer
and 15-feet drop was used, and the samples cut
from below low water mark, show not the slightest sign of decay or injury in any way. The model pile is shown with a slight taper at the point,
and a shoulder which prevents the edge of the
prapping from being torn when the pile is put in.
It is claimed that by the Gold process the chemical enters the sap wood, and the hard outside
composition withstands the teredoes and strengthens the piles. Samples of bracing and square
timbers ends and all covered, are in the exhibit,
and it is impossible to see where the covering
begins or where the work of putting it on ends.
The blocks are cut in half to show that the square
surface is perfectly covered as easily as the cylindrical.
A bottle with a number of teredoes in alcohol is shown, and piling of the various kinds of
wood are also shown, to give an idea of the ravages of the pest. One pile from which samples
were taken, driven without protection in Coal
Harbor was down only seven months. It is riddled with holes bored by the teredo. Cpress, fir,
and spruce are equally subject to the ravages
of the teredoes, as the samples show. A piece
of Australian ironwood, which withstands the teredo,, is exhibited, showing the destructive action of
white ants.
Letters from prominent engineers are shown
to anyone interested, giving the Gold patent covering high commendation as being superior in point
of cost and efficiency over all other teredo protections. Mr. Gold's company is In a position to
quote prices for covering idles, either supplying
the piling at current market prices or covering
piles furnished by the wharf owners themselves.
WESTERN    PULP    AND    POWER    COMPANY.
Commenting on a recent announcement that
the Western Pulp and Power Company was about
to erect a pulp mill in the Interior, the Inland
Sentinel considers that this refers to the concern
which has decided to put in a pulp mill north of
Kamloops, the first cost to be $50,000. The company has secured limits up the North Thompson
river where there is some of the best spruce in
British Columbia. As soon as the limits are surveyed the work of building the mill will be started. The spruce trees are situated at. least one
hundred and fifty miles from the Canadian Pacific
railway, so the company will have to float the
pulp down the Thompson river to the railway.
The heads of the company figure on obtaining a
big market in the Orient.
STEAMSHIP  CO.  AND     LUMBER     SCHOONER
TRAFFIC    WAR.
There is an interesting struggle going on down
the Coast between the Pacific Coast Steamship
Company and the steam schooners plying in the
coast lumber trade.
The lumber schooners are not regular passenger boats, but nearly all of them have put in more
or less passenger accommodations and pick up
passengers wherever they happen to touch, carrying them below the regular rates with the understanding that whatever they make in that way
is "velvet." This demoralizes business for the
Pacific Coast Company and they are arranging to
play back. Instead of cutting rates on the lumber traffic, they have adopted a more round-about
way of bringing the schooner owners to time. They
are establishing wholesale and retail lumber yards
in all cities of the Coast reached by them, where
they intend to slash prices. The object is to
make it so interesting for those engaged in the
lumber trade that they will bring pressure to
bear on the schooner owners to abandon the passenger traffic. Although the Pacific Coast Company has not yet got down to business, the threatened war has aroused a great deal of interest in
shipping circles, especially along the California
Coast. The Southern Pacific Company has unexpectedly thrown itself into the impending fight
between the Pacific Coast Company and the lumber schooner owners and given the belligerents
warning that they must settle their differences at
once under penalty of incurring the enmity of the
Harriman syndicate. President Harrimnn has offered his services as mediator in the troubles of the
opposing interests, and has already set about establishing peace.
If the agents of the Southern Pacific Company
fail in their efforts to bring the contending forces
together under a favorable agreement regarding
the handling of passenger traffic, the big railroad
company threatens to enter into the fight and establish rates that will put the lumber schooners out of business and make the Pacific Coast
Company's profits dwindle.
The Pacific Coast Company has been informed
that the Southern Paefic Company's agents are
ready to assist the steamship company in an adjustment of the existing difficulties and will even
go so far as to temporarily ally itself with the
local line in forcing the lumber schooner owners out of the business that does not seem to properly belong to them, but in no case, say the
Southern Pacific Company's agents, will co-operation be undertaken where it is likely to affect the
lumber trade as a whole, as the Pacific Coast
Company's project now threatens.
To the schooner owners the edict has gone
forth from the railroads that if they persist in
engaging in passenger traffic, the land lines will
arrange for carrying lumber and delivering it at
points touched by the schooners at a rate that
would make freight handling a ruinous business
for the vessels now engaged in it.
/
The Pigeon River Lumber Company's mill at
Port Arthur. Onf, expects to start up again after
a shut down of two months. Their planing mill is
running and has orders to keep it going for about
a month. They employ nearly 700 men in their
logging camps.
CANADIAN PULP WOOD TRADE.
The Board of Classification of the United
States General Appraisers on November 19 announced another decision regarding wood pulp
from Canada. Some time ago the Board decided
that a countervailing duty must be put on wood
pulp imported from the province of Quebec, under the provisions of Paragraph 393 of the tariff
for an additional duty, when the country or dependency or origin, imposes an export duty. In
such a case the countervailing duty is to be equal
to the export duty. It was held in the previous
decision, that a license duty imposed by Quebec
on wood cut for pulp on public land, was equivalent to an export duty. In the present case the
pulp, which is mechanically ground, came from
the province of Nova Scotia. The collector at New-
haven assessed a duty of 25 cents for each cord
of pulp wood used, under instructions from the
United States Treasury Department. The importer, William Bangs, protested, and his protest is now sustained. It was shown that the
pulp was made from wood grown on land owned
by private persons, and not on lands leased from
the government, and also that neither the Dominion of Canada nor the province of Nova Scotia
imposes any rate, tax, assessment or other charge
upon the pulp wood.
BIG PULP MILL STARTS.
The pulp mill of the Consolidated Lake Superior Company, at Soo Ste. Marie. Onf,
started with a big force of men on
November 11. It is expected that the mill will
continue running from now on. Private advices
are to the effect that money for the reorganization is already in sight. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
13
SOUTH AFRICAN TRADE.
The London Board of Trade has issued an
interesting blucbook containing the report of
Henry Birchenough, a writer on statistical and
political subjects, who was sent to South Africa
as a special commissioner to inquire into the present condition and prospects of British trade in
that country. In his report the commissioner lays
stress on the magnitude of the South African market, which, he says, has increased 250 per cent,
in the last ten years, the greatest increase, however, having been shown in the past two years.
The annual value of this trade now exceeds the
sum of $235,000,000, and the commissioner says
the rapidity with which South Africa has come to
the front as a great market for the exploitation
of British manufacturers is startling.
Commissioner Birchenough points out that 10
years ago British exports to South Africa were
under $45,000,000, while during the last year they
exceeded $130,000,000. In 1893 South Africa stood
sixth in the list of Great Britain's customers,
but last year it was only beaten by India. The
commissioner predicts that this year South Africa
will be the largest buyer in the world of the produce and manufacture of the mother country.
These facts, the commissioner says, will make
South Africa one of the greatest factors in the
commercial and industrial expansion. The present depression in general trade he considers only
temporary.
While there is a strong sentiment in favor of
British goods, British manufacturers, especially
those in the engineering trade, show a decided lack
of vigor and enterprise. The most serious competitors are the manufacturers of the United States
and Germany.
Commissioner Birchenough points out that
competition from the United States is materially
aided by the low freight rates at which competing
British vessels carry American cargoes. German
competition is not so formidable, except in the
case of electrical machinery.
The board of trade commissioner summarizes
the cause of successful foreign competition, naming among them the superiority of some of the
natural resources of foreign countries, the greater exercise of ingenuity and inventiveness, of
closer study of the requirements of those with
whom they deal, a greater alertness and less conservatism, the superiority of some of their methods
of business, their closer adherence to contract
dates of delivery, the adoption of standardization
and the better finish and makeup of their goods,
as well as the fact that their products are dumped from protected home markets. Other considerations pointed out are the greater liberality in
the terms of sale and the presence at the mines
of American engineers who are favorably disposed
to American machinery.
WASHINGTON LOGGING CONDITIONS-    .
At a meeting in Seattle of about fifty prominent boss loggers of Western Wahington, it was
decided to close down all their camps from December 10 to February 1 following. Quite a few camps
shut down temporarily last summer, but resumed
operations again after a suspension of a few
weeks.
The meeting was called to devise a plan to put
a stop to overproduction, to arrange and maintain
prices for the future and to do away as far as possible with harmful competition. Those who attended say practically all of these objects have
been accomplished, and certainly a most important step to that end has been taken.
Very little opposition to the plan of a shutdown manifested itself. All were agreed that
the situation demanded some such drastic measures. In fact, a few of the larger mills have closed
down within the past month and others were on
the verge of doing so.
The meeting, while not resulting in the formation of an association, is conserving all of the purposes of an organisation for mutual protection.
A committee of five was appointed, whose purpose will be to formulate a plan for an organisation, something similar to that maintained by the
shingle men of the state, which is to be known
as a selling company. This company will have
the power to reduce the output and apportion the
amount of logs each logging concern may cut.
The organisation committee is composed of S.
G. Simpson. Seattle; Mr. Gowan, of the Thomas
Irvine Company of Snohomish County; W. A. McDonald, of the Riverside Logging Company, Seattle; J. W. Lodel, of Whatcom, and John Bag-
ley, of the Bagley Logging Company, Tacoma.
The meeting further resulted in an iron-clad
agreement not to sell logs at prices less than the
following:
No. 2 logs, $4.50 per thousand; merchantable,
$7 per thousand; clear logs, $9 per thousand, with
the usual addition of $1 per thousand for long
sticks; that is $1 a thousand extra for every ten
feet over forty.
The price of logs now is just about what it
was this time a year ago, $6 to $7 for merchantable logs and other grades in proportion.
By the action taken, the Puget Sound loggers
believe they will have little trouble in maintaining prices so as to receive a liberal profit themselves and at the same time continue giving the
men in their employ good wages. They believe,
too, that the prices quoted will not to any material extent decrease the demand for Washington
lumber.
There is also a movement on foot among the
loggers of the lower Columbia river toward a
shut down of the camps for the winter. The market in Portland is said to be weak owing to overproduction, partly brought about by the operation
of a number of new camps in that section this
year, and partly by the increased facilities of the
older camps.
FORESTRY EXHIBIT AT ST. LOUIS FAIR.
The German Empire and the United States Government are to have competitive exhibits in forestry at the World's Fair. Which nation's methods of forest management are better and more
practical is the problem to be solved. Two tracts
of land, already partially covered with trees, and
each about five acres in extent, have been assigned to the United States and German Governments as the laboratory for their tests. The two
lie side by side so that the visitors may walk
through what the Americans call an "arboretum"
and observe all American methods of forestry, and
then across into what Germany designates as
a "forest garden," and learn the German method.
No trees will be cut from either tract. Rather
transplanting will be resorted to, and when the
Exposition opens miniature forests, perfect in
every description, with narrow gravel walks winding in and out, may be seen. Every tree that
thrives in the latitude of St. Louis will be represented, and the specimens can be easily designated. Attached to each tree will be an aluminum label on which will be stamped the botanical and common names.
In one respect the exhibits will be the same.
Each display will embrace practically the same
number of trees and they will be practically of
the same varieties. Here all similarity ceases.
The treatment will accord with the practices in
vogue in the respective countries. In the American aboretum the trees will be planted, trained
and pruned according to the American idea. In
the German forest garden will be reproduced, in
miniature, the effects that obtain in the forests
of the Fatherland, and the story of how the wonderful forests of Germany have been preserved
through ages, and renewed from time to time,
will be told by practical demonstrations.
The exhibits will be in charge of the most expert foresters to be found in the two countries.
Practical demonstrations and tests will be made
every day during the exposition. Trees will be
transplanted, and the most approved apparatus
for this work, will be shown in actual operation.
Trees will be pruned and trained, and all the implements used will be a part of the exhibit. Trees
will be inoculated with disease, and when the
disease is fully developed the most approved treatment will be accorded the affected trees. Careful
data will be kept on all such experiments, and the
results will be made known, together with a full
description of the treatment, in order that the preservation of the forests may be accomplished.
EXTENSIVE  SOUTHERN  FOREST  FIRES.
The forests in the southeastern Texas pine
lands are burning with no prospect of stopping
or being controlled.
In the churches prayers were offered recently
for rain. No one can get to the fire-swept districts, and the estimate of the extent ofthe damage is mere guess work. It is known that the
flames have crossed the Sabine river at several
places and are burning large areas in Vernon and
Calcaseiu parishes of Louisiana. The smoke is
becoming almost stifling at and beyond Nacogdoches.    Many persons have been made sick.
Reports are current that extensive forest fires
are raging in the Indian Territory east and west
of Antler.
SORNER-ISM.
Motto:    "The Pen is Weaker than the Saw."
Timber license
Awful hign;
Milimen, loggers
Sad and sigh.
Pretty soon the
Camps close down,
Saw mills ditto;—
'Biz all gone.
Lumberjack and
Roustabout,
Sawyer, planer,
—All get out.
No more payday,
No more mon',
No more business,
No more fun.
Institutions
Mercantile
Close  down  business;
—Awful squeal.
Railways, bankers,
All are sore;
Also  merchants,
Miners, for—
No more business,
No more sale.
ALL the public
Then play Hail—
—Columbia with
The Government!
Mills get justice;
Amen.
End.
Moral:
grow."
P. S.:    'Null sed
'Tall   aches    from    little    toecorns
BIG TIMBER SALE IN ONTARIO.
/ -
A new record was established when the timber
sales were concluded for 1903 at the Parliament
buildings at Toronto. The sales aggregated $3,-
677,337.50, with an average of $4,450 per square
mile; but one berth of 50 miles was withdrawn
and 826 were disposed of. The highest price paid
per square mile was $31,500, paid by Thos. Mac-
kie, M. P., of Pembroke. Thus both in aggregate
and average it exceeds all past records. The next
highest sale was in 1892, under the Mowat Government when 633 miles brought $2,315,000. The
average then was $3,657.18, and the highest price
per square mile was $17,500. Neither the sale
in 1899 nor in 1901 approached these figures. This
is the more remarkable in view of the fact that
the stumpage dues have increased from $1.25 to
$3 per thousand and the rents from $2 to $5 per
mile.
Thos. Mackie, M. P., for North Renfrew, was
the heaviest purchaser. His concession will aggregate over $427,000. For one berth in Hammell
township alone he paid over one hundred thousand dollars.
Most of the timber land sold in the vicinity
of the Temiskaming railway. Ottawa Valley lumbermen were the largest purchasers.
LUMBERMEN'S INSURANCE.
Under the title of the Lumbermen's Mutual Society the proprietors of the lumber yards in the
Inland Empire Retail Lumbermen's Association,
eastern Washington and northern Idaho, has organized a mutual fire insurance company. The new
organization commences business with over $20,-
000 insurance in force. It is destined for mutual
protection against fire losses, and the cost to those
in it will be each member's proportion of the running expenses and the losses.
Increase In Freight Rates of Great Northern.—
It is stated on what appears to be good authority, that some of London, Ontario's, largest wood
working factories will be so seriously affected by
the Grand Trunk's recent raise in shipping rates
that they may be forced to move .The increased
rates affect both the raw material and the finished product, and the railways, it is complained,
appear to have discriminated materially against
London in favor of larger places. 14
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
CLIMAX MANUFACTURING CO.,
CORRY, PA,
BUILDERS OF
Geared Locomotives and Logging Cars.
Built on Modern Locomotive Principles
For Wood and Steel Track Where Great Tractive Power and Flexibility are Required,
5 t Especially on Steep Grades and Sharp Curves.   Write for Catalogue and Prices.
D. M.MILLER, Agent
= 64   Starr=Boyd Building, Seattle, Wash.
Boyd,
Burns & Co.,
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Engineering Supplies
Ship Chandlery ....
Iron Pipe, Valves, Belting,
Pipe Fittings, Wood Pulleys,
Steam Packing,      Wire Rope.
PAINLESS DENTISTRY.
Teeth extracted and tilled absolutely without pain by our late scientific method.
Those are the only Dental Parlors in Vancouver that have the patent appliances ami
ingredients to extract, till and apply gold crowns and porcelain crowns, indetectable
from natural teeth, and war-
ranted for ten years, without
ml ft   PlaAlXLw       ilWlVg^l^i tlH"    l0ast    Par,u'll>   ot     Pam-
f%"  ■%■* U(flfljli'^fiB^^>3c^4^fc.      tlold crowns aiul  teeth  with
out plates, tfold filling and all
other dental work done painlessly and by specialists.
We are making a Specialty of Gold Crown and
bridge work ; the most beautiful, painless anil durable o(
all dental work known to the
profession. Our name alone
will he a guarantee that your work will he of the best.    We have a specialist in each
department.    We will tell you in advance' exactly what  your work will cost bv free
examination.    Give us a call and you will find we do exactly as we advertise.
New York Dental Parlors,
147 HASTINGS  STREET, E.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Malthoid Roofing
MADE IN
CALIFORNIA
Malthoid Roofing is made in California, where the materials are produced from which the best roofings are made.
Malthoid is weather and water-proof, fire-resisting,
will not crack, expand or contract, neither will it sweat or
run from heat.    The lowest priced good roofing; made.
Send for Booklet and Samples.
THE PARAFFINE PAINT CO.,
San francisco, Seattle, Portland, Los Angeles, and Denver, Colorado.
The Rat Portage Lumber Co'y, Limited
VANCOUVER BRANCH
MANUFACTURERS OF
FIR, CEDAR AND SPRDGE
Building Material of all Kinds Delivered Promptly.    Hardwood  in Car Lots.
MILL AND OFFICES:
SOUTH GRANVILLE STREET BRIDGE,
VANCOUVER, B. C. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
15
COAST NEWS
M. Young will erect a sardine factory at West
Seattle to cost from $5,000 to $10,000.
E. S. and Page Soule expet to open a logging
camp at Lebam. near South Bend, Wash.
S. R. Case, of Fraser, Idaho, is casting about
for a site for a good-sized saw mill near Pendleton, Ore.
C. A. Moody, J. B. Duryea and W. Duryea have
incorporated the Willapa Timber Company; capital stock, $15,000.
The Oregon Boom and Timber Company will
erect two large saw mills at Winchester at once.
They will cost $200,000.
Hundreds of cords of wood will be cut here
this winter, and hauled to Garfield, Wash., where
it commands, from $5 to $6 per cord.
C. C. Pursel will put in some additional new
machinery at his mill site on Upper Applegate,
four miles below Watkins Postoffice, Ore.
The Morrison Mill Company, of Whatcom.
Wash., has let a contract to Booker & Camphell
for the building of a new brick burner south of the
mill.
The Burke & Lane Lumher Company, of Spokane, will erect a planing mill and start a lumber
yard at Tekoa, Wash. Work will commence in
January.
Extensive repairs are to be made to the steamer Cartwright at Seattle. Quartermaster Grant
called for proposals to be in by 11 o'clock on December 31st.
The Booth-Kelly Lumber Company will erect
a large mill at Harrisburg, Ore., as soon as they
can obtain the needed waterway right-of-way to
reach the millsite with floating logs.
The building committtee of the Lewiston, Idaho Navigation Company, meet recently to consider bids for the construction of the machinery
and hull of the new steamer, Mountain Gem.
Plans are afoot for the erection of a new pulp
and paper mill at Post Falls, Idaho, not far east
of Spokane, Wash, Messrs. Stratton & Atkins are
now investigating the location of a site for the
mill.
The Friday Harbor Lumber Manufacturing
Company, of Friday Harbor, San Juan county,
Wash., is a new concern with $25,000 capital.
Messrs. Jos. S. Croll, Jos. Jenson and Albert and
F. A. Jenson are the incorporators.
Robert Elder returned from Granite. Idaho, to
Spokane, Nov. 18. He reports 18 inches of snow
in Granite, and states that the demand in that
place for men to work in the timber exceeds
somewhat the number of workmen available.
The strike at the Potlatch Lumber Company's
camps at Princeton, twelve miles distant does
not in the least affect this point, and the men
are working at good -wages. Considerable snow
has fallen at Freeses and sledding is excellent.
The W. I. Carpenter Lumber Company, of Minneapolis, purchased the Eclipse Lumber and
Shingle Mill at Everett, Wash. R. Owens is manager for the Carpenter Lumber Company on the
Sound. The mill will be enlarged and modernized.
The big cross-arm plant of the McCormick
Lumber Co., of McCormick. Wash., was destroyed
by fire during December. The planer sheds, dry
kilns and cross-arm stock were destroyed, but
the saw mill proper was saved. The loss will run
to $25,000.
A saw mill is being built at Granite. Idaho,
that will cost, when completed, about $12,000, and
will have a capacity of about 30.000 feet per day.
About eighteen men will be employed the year
round. There are 20,000,000 feet of logs tributary
to the mill.
The Olympia Manufacturing and Building Company, at Olympia, Wash., will erect a large plant
on the West Side for the manufacture of lumber.
Work will begin at once. The company has a capital of $50,000. J. H. Meays. H. E. Gray, A. S.
Caton and others are interested.
The bark Cavour, lumber laden for South America, is a wreck, having gone ashore on Republic
Spit' not far from Point Adams light. She dragged her anchors in the night. The vessel, which
has been in this port several times, is a total
loss. Her captain and crew of sixteen were
rescued.
During the year ending June 30, 1903. there
were sold in Washington and Oregon, 1,705,618
acres of government timber land. For the last
twenty-five years the amount of government tim
ber land taken up totalled 7,000,000 acres in those
states. The government price is fixed at $2.50
per acre.
A big meeting of the Snohomish county shingle
manufacturers, representing seventy-eight shingle mills, was held at Everett, Nov. 25, to consider
market conditions. Acording to reports, the production was still stronger than the demand, although quite a few mills have closed already for
the season.
plegate creek and around Althouse, and a lot of
unsurveyed sections west of the proposed route,
mostly Douglas fir. Toward the Crescent City
end the road runs into the redwood belt of the
California coast. Along the Illinois river the lands
are also heavily timbered. The proposed road will
shorten the route between San Francisco and
Portland about six hours.
J. B. Iverson, of Sappho, purchased the Flanni-
gan saw mill and power plant at Forks, Wash.,
and new machinery will be added to the mill and
a first class plant will be the result. New circular and cut-off saws and a planer will be installed.
The new management has under advisement a
plan to put in a small dynamo sufficient to light
the plant and run a feed mill.
Great activity is shown in the lodging camps
around Freese, Idaho, and millions of feet of loss
are being cut and skidded up ready for the mills
in the spring. There are now three saw mills at
this place. One is owned by Averill & Ball, one
by George Strong & Co., and one by W. A. Aver-
ill & Co. W. A. Averill & Co., have recently established a camp here and built their mill on
Crane Creek.
The Columbia Lumber Company, of Vancouver,
Wash., closed its big mill there for the purpose of
taking stock and otherwise preparing for the receiver's sale of the plant. It is estimated that the
assets of the plant will schedule about $75,000,
with liabilities nearly twice that amount. Receiver
McCredie is making efforts to bring this sale to
the notice of investors. It is a fine piece of property and will probably sell for much less than its
value.
The Bellingham Bay and British Columbia Railway Company's extension to Lynden, Wash., from
Hampton, is nearing completion, and trains will be
running over it in a month. The rails are laid a
portion of the way and the company expects to
run a train into the Lynden saw mill to haul out
some big timbers. This road will open up for
development a large section of the country which
heretofore was not very valuable. There is considerable timber land along the route.
Three Lakes, Wash., is a hamlet which has
sprung up during the last six months, about six
miles from Snohomish, and the Three Lakes Sawmill Company is building a saw mill with a capacity of 100,000 feet per day there. The
Company already operates a shingle mill
and is completing twenty-seven modern houses
for the employees, all to be lighted by electricity. The mill will employ 250 men and fully 100
families will be living at Three Lakes by the time
the plant is completed.
The Alaska Packers' Association has just placed with the Morrison Mill Company, Whatcom,
Wash., an order for 185.000 boxes for its Alaska
canneries. This is the first order given in Whatcom by the association for boxes to be shipped
to Alaska. At times the Paget Sound Timber and
Mill Company manufactured boxes for the association's canneries at Anacortes and Semiahmoo,
but no shipments have yet. been made to Alaska.
This order is worth nearly $20,000 to the local
mill and must be completed in four months.
Forest fires in the mountains northeast of San
Bernardino. Cal.. have proved to be the most destructive in the history of this end of the range.
The fire is by no means under control. All the
timber beloners to the Brookiners Lumber Companv.
Between 4.000.000 and 6.000.000 feet have been destroyed, but as yet the flames have been kept
away from the mills. Brookings' loss will reach
$100,000. The cottages in Freedalba park, a summer resort, have been burned. The fire is 20
miles from the city and the sky is completely overcast by smoke.
Immense Timber Limits to Be Opened.—A new
rainlroad is proposed to be run from Grant's Pass,
Southern Oregon, to Crescent City, on the California Coast. This road will open up immense timber
bodies in that section. W. B. Sherman, a well-
known timber man. who has cruised the .greater
part of that country, and other timber men. have
given to the promoters of the road a statement in
which the state that on a conservative estimate
there are 5,607.000,000 feet of timber along the
proposed right of way. Besides this timber, immediately along the right-of-way, there are heavily timbered townships on the headwaters of Ap-
D. L. A very, J. Bussener, M. Abbey and J. D.
Holton, of Vancouver, Wash., who have timber
claims located near Grant's Pass, may build a
saw mill. Should their proofs be accepted by the
Government, they contemplate buying a saw mill
either at Grant's Pass, Ore., or at some place between there and Two Cabins, a point on Evans
Cr^ek, which not only intersects their claims, but
taps a large timber belt in Josephine county. In
either case a private railroad will be built from
Two Cabins to Grant's Pass for the purpose of
transporting lumber and saw logs, thus giving
ample facilities for the shipment of lumber over
the Southern Pacific railway to various ports and
the eastern markets.
The Weyerhaeuser Lumber Company has about
completed its new logging road in the Yacolt district, near Vancouver, Wash. This road taps
about twenty thousand acres of the finest timber
in the state. Logging operations began with the
New Year. Vancouver Lake, about three miles
west of the city, has been secured by the Weyer-
haeusers for the storage of the logs. A circular
boom will be run in the lake, as there are no
currents to interfere, in which provision will be
made to store 80,000,000 feet of logs. The Weyer-
haeusers announce that they will not sell any
logs except at a reasonable profit. They will
store logs in the lake if they get too cheap, and
wait for a rising market. This announcement is
received with pleasure by the small loggers in this
district.
The organization of the Columbia Sawmill
Company at Vancouver, Wash., has been effected
and a capital stock of $90,000 subscribed. The
heaviest stockholder is Miss M. H. Leavitt, who
holds stock to the amount of $27,000. She is an
aunt of Stowe Bros., who formerly owned and
managed the mill, and who are now out of the
company. Tatum & Bowen, of Portland, have taken stock to the amount of $10,000, and two other
Portland firms took $3,000 each. A local capitalist took $10,000 in stock and business men subscribed smaller amounts sufficient to raise the
amount required. The company will make some
improvements and endeavor to keep the mill running as the payroll is a good thing for the city
and amounts to about $6,000 a month on an average. The receiver of the old company will not
be able to pay a very large dividend on the claims.
Not more than 50 per cent, will be paid and it
may go much below this. The bulk of the claims
were for machinery and supplies and were held
by outside firms. All the claims for labor were
settled. The mill has not been making money
for several months past as the cutting of cargos
caused much lumber to be piled in the yards, the
ships only taking first class stock. The local
market being limited, this made an immense pile
of lumber on hand.
PROHIBITIVE TRANSPORTATION  RATES.
As a partial solution of the problem of handling
tho lumber of the Oregon and Northern California
section of its lines, the Southern Pacific Railway Company has enforced a prohibitory rate on
lumbci shipments from Oregon Coast points to
California.
The advanced schedule went into effect on November 1st, and the high rates will force the
northern lumbermen to send their shipments south
by water. The advance will be from $5 per
ton to $7.50 per ton from all the mills on the Coast
or rivers that are accessible to the Coast. This
will not affect interior mills, which may continue
to ship at the old rates of $3.10 a ton.
Up to three months ago the $3 rate prevailed
on all lumber shipments, but at that time a discrimination was made in favor of interior points,
and Coast rates were made $5 a ton. This move
was in order to divert traffic to the water, so
that there would be sufficient cars for the interior trade.
This increase in freight rates will work a decided hardship upon the telephone and telegraph
companies of California. Poles are purchased
by the California companies in the northwestern
forests. As the poles are usually consigned to
interior California points, the ocean transpora-
tion will not be available, and the result is an
enormous increase in the expense of such forest
product to the California purchasers, and the
Oregon mill men will be forced to seek additional
markets east, where they now have considerably
lower rates than those granted from Washington
by the merger lines. 1<>
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
SHORT LENGTHS
The fellow to whom you owe $$ thinks a lot of
you.
* *
The eyes of the long-suffering public are turned to the dentist's sign.
Lots of good timber for the Premiership is
going by the board nowadays.
* *
The fellow who owes you $$. badly needed,
needs the service of a competent oculist.
* *
The frequency of strikes in the United States
would suggest that the full dinner pail has big
knot holes in it.
* *
The way of the poor, down-trodden saloon keeper is paved with loose fir blocks when a bunch of
lumber jacks come his way after pay day.
* *
Sleeping cars not made of cedar are said to
be so unsanitary that the poor traveler has to
choose 'tween sitting up all night or sleeping with
microbes.
An agricultural paper says that guineas should
be hatched by common hens. Well, not while Mr.
John Bull has an anti-counterfeiting law on the
statute books.
* *
The latest report is that Frank B. Cole, publisher of the West Coast and Paget Sound Lumberman,   Tacoma,   dyes  his   hair.     Thought   his
hair died long ago.
* * * *
The messages of Premier McBride to the B.
C. Parliament, with all their careful wording and
plans for increased revenue, show that he enjoys the services of a right smart secretary.
It is safe to say that there will no war 'tween
Russia and Japan. The Standard Oil Company has
benevolently assimilated Manchuria and Korea
by extending its operations to those countries.
* *
The statement comes in the daily press that
Miss Goelet had her wedding gown made by
Worth. What an excellent mill hand Mr. Worth
would have made, laboring as he does, quite a
few years overtime after his death, regardless of
union rules.
* *
A man in Nova Scotia recently made his demise, leaving 41 children to mourn his sad loss.
When Teddy, the strenuous, finds this out, he will
resign and leave the land of race-suicide, and increase Canada's population by one. We hereby
extend to him the glad hand.
Notwithstanding the Hay-Herran treaty, Chile
has promised Colombia aid in that little affair at
Panama, and the Chilean minister. Walker Martinez, has gone to Washington to intercede for
Colombia. Strange that Chile shoulder "Walker"
Martinez so far, without even "Hay" or a "Herran"
to back him up.
* *
What a dangerous livelihood the logger follows may be realized from the following: While
chopping wood near Augsburg, Germany, a man
named Wilhelm Behr caught his axe against a
wire clothes line. At the same moment a flash
of lightning struck the line, passed down the
hatchet and killed him.
And still the absorption of the small fry by the
big combinations goes on. The Congregationalists,
the United Brethren and the Methodist Protestants, of Cleveland. O., are about to unite. Sort of
religious trust. We may now expect to see shares
offered the unsuspecting public, telling the wise
ones to get in on the ground floor, as the price
of shares and pew rent is liable to go up and the
operating expenses greatly reduced.
* *
Mark Twain has left for Florence, Italy. The
last time Mark traveled through the organ-grinder's paradise, the guides introduced him to all
the prominent people thereabouts, but as they
failed to appreciate his observations, he found, on
close inspection, that they had the marble heart.
And it made the guide tired when Mark asked him
if they were dead. He wasn't a Mark to the heroes from Cararra.
* *
Strange how the tendency of modern times to
ward brevity of language in our daily life does
work! Here is a case that came under our ob-
sevation: A little feminine baby, whom we
knew, was christened Maria; when she grew up
some, her folks called her Marie; at school age
'twas Mary; shortly after that her beau addressed her as May; not awfully long subsequently
she was termed Ma, and now, when referring to
her, we hear her husband say, merely, M.
* *
A colored parson in old Virginia, during a burial service at the grave, over the remains of a
deacon of his church, came to that part of his
program where it said: "Oh, death, where Is thy
sting?" Just then a hornet sunk a prospecting
hole into the parson's hide above his back collar button. After a few gymnastics, the sky-
pilot composed himself sufficiently to finish: "Oh,
grave, where is thy victory?" when the ground
at the edge of the grave where he stood gave
way, and down he went into the soft real estate.    Twas awful solemn.
THE SITUATION AT GRAY'S HARBOR, WASH.
On Saturday, November 28, a meeting of the
lumber manufacturers of Grays Harbor was held
in the office of the West & Slade Mill Company,
to consider the question of closing down the mills
on account of the lessening demand and lower
prices of their products. In full appreciation of
the gravity of the situation, the following mills
had representatives present: West & Slade Mill
Company, Wilson Bros. & Co., Aberdeen Lumber
Company, American Mill Company, Bryden &
Leitch Company, Michigan Lumber Company,
Company, American Mill Company, Grays Harbor
Commercial Company, Panel & Folding Box Company.
In addition to the foregoing, the E. K. Wood
Lumber Company and the Grays Harbor Commercial Company were represented by letters in
which they agreed as to the necessity and advised
the closing down of all the mills.
The matter was considered at length with
a view to find some solution of the problem whlcb
would not be so generally disastrous as a general
close-down of all the mills at this time. It was
pointed out that the Harbor mills are paying more
for logs and a much higher scale of wages than
obtained either on the Columbia river or on the
Sound, and as a consequence they cannot compete
with the mills in those sections in marketing their
product.
At one time during the discussion it looked as
though a general shut-down, to take effect December 1, was inevitable, but it was suggested that if
the employees would accept a temporary reduction
in wages of 25 cents per man per day, the mills
could afford, for a while, at least, to divide the loss
with the men, and it was finally decided that
each mill should take the matter up with its employees and ascertain their wishes, requesting a
decision. If the employees consent to the reduction, the mills will endeavor to stand the handicap until conditions change for the better.
As it is, three mills, the Grays Harbor Lumber Company, the Aberdeen Lumber and Shingle
Company and the Western Lumber Company, are
now closed indefinitely on account of the low
prices of lumber.
SALE OF  LOGS.
Six hundred thousand feet of logs were sold
by auction on Dec. 29 in the sheriff's office in
Vancouver. These logs were overlooked in the
last  sale of the  Higgins'  estate.
There were five timber men bidding. The
price started at $1,000, and the lot was finally
knocked down to J. G. Scott, of the Pacifie Coast
Timber Company for $2,500, which was considered a very good price. Mr. Scott had already advanced money on the same logs. At the previous
sale by a sort of mutual agreement the bidding
against Mr. Scott was not brisk, and it was felt
that he had a sort of prior claim to the logs owing to his already having advanced money on
them.
The Port Angeles, Wash., railway project Is
in trouble. A receiver has just been appointed
for the two insolvent corporations, the Smith-
Mastick Construction Company, and the Elmira
Logging Company, which are auxilliary concerns
of the Port Angeles railway enterprise. The petition for a receiver shows the liabilities of the
Smith-Mastick Construction Company to be $55,-
000. and the Elmira Logging Company to be
$38,000.
SLABS
Thousands of men employed by the paper
mills of New England and Now York state are idle
because of a shut down of mills at various points.
The International Paper Mills Co., operating 28
millcs in New York and New England announces
suspension of operations at all points for one
week. The suspension is attributed to trade conditions.
An agreement has been reached between the
Carpenters' Union and the Contractors' Association of Tacoma. The terms of settlement reinstate
the Union on the same footing with the association as before the difficulty arose as to hours
and the wage scale of $3.60 per day of eight
hours. The union is not to affiliate with any
Trades Council during the life of the agreement,
which is for one year, and the union is not to participate  in  any sympathetic strike.
A blue book just issued at Ottawa gives the
total of Canada's fleet for the past year. There
were on December 31st last, on the regular books
of the Dominion, 6,836 sailing vessels, steamers
and barges, measuring 652,613 tons registered
tonnage, being an increase of 44 vessels and a
decrease of 11.870 tons register as compared
with the previous year. The number of steamers
was 2,289. with a gross tonnage of 303,353 tons.
Assuming the average value to be $20 per ton
the value of the registered tonnage of Canada
would, therefore, be $19,587,390. The number
of new vessels built was 296, the estimated
value   being   $1,359,120.
Out from Rock Springs, Wyo., a few miles
on the road to Brown's Park, a big Cottonwood
tree stood till a few weeks ago with an antler
of an elk embedded in its trunk. The wood
had grown around the antlers and the tale of
how the antlers came there was lost. Whether
an Indian threw the antler into the tree when
it was a sapling and left it there, or whether
some elk at the time of the shedding of its
antlers, running through the trees caught and
lost it there, no one can do more than speculate.
However it came there, there it is in the heart
of the tree, cut down now as a curiosity.
Men who direct the affairs of the great railways of the continent must find food for reflection in the two most recent political events,
the decision of the people of New York to spend
a hundred million dollars on the improvement of
the Erie canal and the success of the revolutionists in the Isthmus of Panama. Each has direct
bearing on the problems of railroads, for each
propose to provide the railroads with a new and
serious competition. For years the United States
railroads have fought the projected piercing of
the Isthmus of Panama by a canal and the enlargement of the "Erie ditch" with great pertinacity and sagacity. The trans-Isthmian canal has
had an enemy in every railroad which carried
merchandise from east to west or from west to
east in the United  States.—Montreal  Herald.
LOCATED TIMBER LIMITS.
Mr. Duncan Macfarlane, of Renfrew, Ont., and
John Quinn. of Saginaw, Mich., composed a party
of gentlemen representing an American syndicate
seeking timber propositions in the Province.
They secured from forty to fifty thousand acres
In the Revelstoke District, and have been desirous of covering more ground. The weather, however, has been against them and they have been
compelled to abandon their enterprise until next
spring. They had a narrow escape from drowning while crossing the strait from Seymour Narrows in an Indian canoe. Mr. A. McLeod, of Vancouver, was also one of the party. The mast
broke and the passengers had to use their muscular and mental powers in landing the owner of
the frail craft safely on Valdez Island at Gull-
land Harbor, whence they made their way on foot.
The party arrived at Ileriot Bay on October 23rd
and ha\e been cruising ever since.
Timber in Michigan is nearly piaved out, but
they use their mill machinery in other ways, savs
Mr. Quinn. They drill for salt to a depth of 100
feet and find brine, which they pump Into a tank.
They then build salt blocks from 80 to 200 feet
square. They are followed by vats 12 feet
square and one foot above the ground level.
Three inch galvanised iron pipes are run through
each vat and in place of exhausting steam outside
they utilise it through their pipes and make salt.
A new saw mill is to be erected at Everett,
Wash., by the Thomas Irvine Lumber Company. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
17
THE PROPOSED
A, J. BURTON SAW CO., Limited,
VANCOUVER, B. C.
CROSS=BAND GANG AND CIRCULAR SAWS.
Also File Room Supplies. -Our Specialty Will Be Expert Workmanship.
In submitting to the PUBLIC the prospectus
Of the A. J. BURTON SAW COMPANY, LTD., it
is desirable to point out that the Company will
enter the field of BRITISH COLUMBIA under
the most favorable conditions.
The manufacture of SAWS and other materials
for the LUMBER MILLS of British Columbia has
not yet been developed in the PROVINCE; therefore'the Company will be without a competitor
in supplying these large and increasing demands.
It is the purpose of the Company to divert the
business now benefitting the United States saw
manufacturers.
The Company will be in a position to supply
the whole of British Columbia and the Northwest
Terrtitories with saws and other goods of a finer
quality than those made in eastern Canada, and
save the consumer the duty upon the U. S. A.
article. A still greater advantage lies in the fact
that these goods being made here will remove
the long and serious delays that now obtain in
getting them from either eastern Canada or the
States. Repairs and alterations can be executed
here in a few hours that would require from three
to four weeks; so the Company can depend upon
the support of the Provincial buyers.
Subscriptions to the amount of nearly $10,000
have already been received, and are chiefly from
the managers, foremen and filers of lumber mills,
to whom the necessity of a SAW WORKS in our
Province has long been evident; their connection
with the Company with further its interests. The
Company will endeavor to have its workmen become shareholders, this will increase its proficiency and decrease the possibility of strikes, etc.
Prospectus  of the   A.   J.   Burton   Saw   Company,
Limited.
The name of the proposed Company is sug
fact that Mr. A. J. Burton is the promoter and
will be practical manager of the new company.
Mr. Burton possesses all the qualifications necessary to the successful management and carrying out of the objects of the Company, as will
appear from the following extract of a letter of
recommendation which Mr. Burton produces from
a leading firm of machinery manufacturers in
Grand Rapids, Michigan:
"We have known Mr. Burton personally for
seven or eight years and know that he has had
all round experience both in the filing room and
saw shops in connection with the manufacture of
saws. He has considerable experience on the
road as a band saw expert to look after 'trouble
cases,' having been employed in this capacity by
Fowle Bros. & Co., Woburn. Mass., and E. C. Atkins & Co., Indianapolis, Ind.   He has had entire
charge of the filing rooms in a number of large
mills ot the country, employing two or more band-
saws. In fact, we think it would be difficult to
find a man of greater or more varied experience
in all classes of woods and with all kinds of mill
or filing room machinery."
This is only one of the many testimonials
which Mr. Burton produces from saw manufacturers and mill men in Canada and the United
States.
The existence in British Columbia and the
Northwest Territories of so many large mills,
shingle mills and other factories using saws largely imported from the United States, suggests the
establishment of a factory for the manufacture of
saws in Vancouver, the commercial metropolis of
Canada West.
A full and careful estimate of the number of
saws imported for use in our mills discloses an
expenditure of at least $28,000 annually for the
first cost of the saws alone. This item does not
include in some cases the fini' hing, toothing, and
repairing of the slight and large defects in saws
caused by accidental misuse or otherwise.
To equip a saw mill of the capacity of the Pacific Coast Lumber Company, Limited, of Vancouver, with saws, involved the expenditure of
$4,600.00. In this amount there was over one
hundred per cent, net profit to the American manufacturer, thirty per cent, duty to the Government, middle man's charges and commissions and
freight for the long haul west.
The initial supply of steel for the better class
of saws manufactured in the United States comes
from England. The American manufacturer's
freight and duty largely exceeds the freight on
steel per sailor from Liverpool to Vancouver.
The new Company will therefore be at no disadvantage in the matter of obtaining its stock of
steel.
Numerous tests made in the United States disclose positively that the steel supplied by the
Jessop Steel Company, of Sheffield, England, is
far superior for the purpose of manufacturing
saws than any other steel known to the trade.
The furnaces for tempering purposes are no
longer a question of experiment, but are built
on scientific principles well known to Mr. Burton.
He will undertake the construction of such furnaces as are required here on the ground, or will
order the finished furnaces as presently supplied
to and used by the American manufacturers from
the original manufacturer.
The objects of the proposed Company are to
manufacture, and in some cases to partly manufacture, band, gang, circular and other saws, and
washers used in mills, box factories and other
wood working manufactories and to buy and sell
or act as agent for other manufacturers of all
classes of machinery and supplies used in lumber, shingle and planing mills or box factories,
such as file room machines, tools, etc.
Mr. Burton brings sixteen years' experience
to bear on the successful carrying out of these
objects. In addition to his knowledge of the best
class of machinery for the manufacture of the
best class of saws known to the trade, he is in
touch with the best workmen presently employed
in the successful manufactories of the United
States.
It is intended in the new factory to not only
employ the best material and best and most modern class of machinery but the most capable
expert workmen now working at the trade, so
that an article of saw equal if not superior to the
best ever put in use in British Columbia can be
supplied to our mill men and others with guarantees attached which can be overlooked and made
good under the eyes of the managers and workmen who turn out the work.
It is generally admitted that the saws manufactured in the United States are superior to those
presently being manufactured in Eastern Canada.
The reason for this is the lack of capital and the
consequent lack of modern machinery and methods in turning out their Canadian output. Unless the new company can overcome these difficulties, the proposed incorporation will not be
proceeded with.
The plant, including buildings, engines, and
boilers, furnaces, grinders and other appliances,
will cost some $27,000.00. A year's supply of
steel in the rough will cost an additional $8,000.00
necessitating a subscribed capital of say $50,000.00
to establish the Company on a business basis.
It is intended to interest, if possible, all the
wood working interests using saws in British
Columbia in order that they may participate in
the profits arising from this their initial enterprise. A table of figures will be supplied to intending subscribers, disclosing gross profits in
respect of every saw turned out of over one hundred per cent.
It is proposed to capitalize the Company at
$75,000.00 in shares of $100.00 each. There will
be no watered stock and no promoters' shares.
Mr. Burton will become a shareholder to the
amount of his capital, being his savings as a
workman in the different manufactories and saw
mills.
It is intended to ask the City of Vancouver for
a free site and free water and exemption from
taxation for a number of years.    Should this re- IS
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
quest be granted all shareholders will participate in the advantages thereby accruing to the
Company.
This enterprise, managed after business meth-
ment, cannot fail to bring luge returns on the
ods, by a strong directorate and general manage-
money invested.
Estimeated Yearly Turnover.
To supplies, rent, light and power $10,665 00
Management  and  labor    10,000 00
File rooom supplies   4,000 00
Freight  300 00
Depreciation     630 00
Insurance     528 00
Taxes, water expected  free  	
Balance    11.877 00
$38,877 00
By sale of new saws   $20 000 00
Sale of file room supplies        5,000 00
Repairs  to  saw        7,000 00
Sale of saws to Ontario and N.W.T....    6.000 00
$38,000 00
The estimated turn-over is a fair one in every
way. The busines must increase with the development of the Province, and should ultimately
have as large an output as the large firms of the
Eastern United States.
It is deseirable that Provincial capital should
be secured to develop the project, and it is with
assured confidence in the success of the enterprise that the PUBLIC is asked to consider the
prospectus and LIBERALLY SUBSCRIBE FOR
THE COMPANY'S STOCK.
SUBSCRIPTION for SHARES will be received by the promoter,
A. J. BURTON.
At   the   Company's   office   room.     11     TTADDEN
BUILDING,   corner   HASTINGS     AND     GRAN-
CHANGES AFFECTING TIMBER.
WESTMINSTER NEWS
It is the intention at an early date to start up
the big Ross-McLaren mill, just above New Westminster. The plant and the big timber holdings
belonging to it were bought by a Chicago firm
when the estate was settled up.
The tug Magnet brought a scow load of lumber to the Fraser river from Barnet for use in the
construction of a new steamer for Capt. Myers. The
new boat will be built much on the same lines as
the Dauntless. She is being put up at the Brunette yards and it is expected that she will be put
in commission in about twelve or fifteen months.
Plans have been drawn up for a new saw mill
with a capacity of about 50,000 feet per day, to be
located in New Westminster. Mr. E. J. Fader
recently went east for the purpose of completing
arrangements to start work on the mill this winter. The timber holdings of the company consist principally of cedar, and are mostly so situated that the logs can be made into booms and
so taken to the mill.
The New Westminster mills this coming year
will be located most favorably with a view to
shipping facilities. With the deepening of the
Fraser channel to salt water will come an increased cargo trade, and as soon as the big Fraser river bridge is completed early this spring,
choice may be had of both the Canadian Pacific
and Great Northern railways for car shipments
east. A better location for saw and shingle manufacturing plants would be hard to find in the
Province.
LUMBER LEGISLATION  IN NEW BRUNSWICK
The New Brunswick Government has announced its decision to increase the stumpage on lumber cut in that Province from the present tax of
$1 per thousand to $1.25, and to make the charge
of renewals on leases $8 a square mile, instead
of $4 as now. The decision was given in a lengthy
reply to the Lumbermen's Association, which body
memoralized the Government last September,
when there was talk of increasing the stumpage
to $1.50.
ELEVATORS BEING BUILT.
Mr. J. A. MacDonald. president of the Mac-
Donald Elevator Construction Company. Chicago,
which built the elevator for the C. P. R. at Fort
William, is in Winnipeg closing up a contract. His
company is figuring on a tender to build a 500,000
bushel receiving and exporting elevator for the
Ogilvie Mills Co., at Fort William. Mr. MacDonald intends visiting Montreal before returning to
Chicago.
Comparison of the  Revenue Charges  and  Other
Features Under the Old and The New
Land Acts.
In the forefront of interest at the present time
to lumbermen, whatever their connection with
the trade, is the "Land Act Amendment Act, 1903,"
of the British Columbia Legislature, the fourth bill
introduced to the new Legislature by the McBride
Government. Brought in as a Government measure early in the session which is not yet over,
the bill, which was avowedly intended to provide
a material increase in the revenue from Govern-
lands, has been passed already, though urgent appeals from all parties and all interests were made
for longer time to consider the changes in the
regulations.
As the amended bill, now an act, is published
in full elsewhere in this issue, a short analysis
of its provisions, as compared with the Act of
1901, for convenience in discussion is given here.
Three principal points are to be noted as affected in greater or less degree by the Act: The
manner of obtaining and holding leases of crown
timber lands; the manner of securing and holding
licenses to cut timber on Crown timber lands;
the schedule of rates and royalties payable on timber cut.
Leases are now subject to an annual rental
of 25 cents per acre instead of 15 cents per acre
as formerly. The bonus system has been adopted
for all leases of crown timber lands. It is necessary now to put the lands up to public tender,
the highest cash bonus receiving the lease. It is
possible the Government has been moved in this
direction by the attention which has recently
been drawn to the very high bonuses secured in
Ontario at some public auctions of crown timber
lands. In some instances as high as $30.ooo per
square mile was secured. There is this to be said,
though, that the timber of Ontario is a very different proposition from the timber of British Columbia. In the former province the valuable timber is mostly white pine, tar more valuable than
the best in British Columbia. There are besides,
the advantages of being close to the best local
and foreign markets in the world, with superb
transportation facilities. Another vast difference,
and one which must have consideration, is the
very small portion of the lands in this province
yet surveyed. The cost of prosecuting a general
survey of all crown timber lands in British Columbia would run into millions of dollars. It would.
however, be necessary to do this to put the lands
on the market, at public auction, in proper shape
and following the course adopted  in Ontario.
Though the rental is now 25 cents per acre,
and the securing of any lease in future must be
by public competition, there is now nothing compulsory in having a saw mill in connection. In
case a saw mill is maintained it must be run six
months in the year, and if this is done the rental
is thereby reduced to 15 cents per acre.
To the independent loggers, the license conditions are most, interesting. The cost, of a license
for a plot of land not exceeding 640 acres, is now
$140 in the Coast district, and $115 east of the
Cascade Mountains, istead of $100 per annum as
formerly. The bill when first brought down provided that the license should be $160, but this
was reduced to $140 and $115 before the bill was
passed. Licenses may now be issued for a period up to five years, and may be granted or renewed as formerly at the discretion of the Chief
Commissioner of Lands and Works. The license
fee for the full period applied for must be paid
at the time of issue.
But there is one litle change which the license holders feel somewhat satisfied ever. Licenses are now transferable. This is, however,
not considered a full equivalent for the heavy increase In fees, which are now felt to have reached
the limit if not exceeded it. The feeling among
those interested in the regulations governing the
issue of licenses is that, renewals should be by
statute, so that there would no discretionary power vested in the Chief Commissioner of Lands
and Works when the conditions are fulfilled, This,
it is argued, would relieve the Chief Commissioner of an executive responsibility which might
at times become a difficulty.
The order-in-council, promulgated by the late
Government compelling the survey by the applicant, of lands desired for license, is not perpetuated in the new Act. The issue of licenses is
now constrained to Crown lands, the words "patented lands" being struck out.
One of the most radical changes in the new
Act, is the section amending section 58 of the
old Act, which provides a schedule of taxes to
be collected on all timber cut within the Province,
except that on which a royalty is payable to the
Provincial Government on leaseholds, or to the
Dominion Government. The tax is graduated according to grades, given in the schedule for various lengths and sizes, and is an entirely new
charge.
It is rebatable only on the logs or timber being
manufactured into lumber or used in the Province.
The rebate includes all over the statutory 50
cents per thousand royalty.
In the debate in the Legislature when the
bill was being considered, the Hon. Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works made the statement
that it was the intention of the Government at
some future time possibly within a year, and
certainly not more than two years, to bring down
a general timber Act, which would permit timber being taken up under one general system.
Though not definitely stated in the ministerial
forecast, it is presumed that the Ontario system
will be copied to a certain extent. But it is
intended to go into the matter carefully before
making any further changes.
DOMINION     ELECTION    AND     THE    TARIFF.
The   Dominion   elections  are  now  on,  and   it
strikes us as a good idea to see the various candidates for M. P., and ascertain their views as
to admitting lumber and shringles free of duty
from the States.
A candidate for office, if elected, may try to
serve two or more interests. Any office-holder
may serve the nonunion Government more than
the people who elect him: and again, be may serve
the people responsible for his return to Ottawa
in preference to the Government, when it comes
to a question of enacting a tariff on lumber from
the States.
The candidates before the electors of British
Columbia must either declare for or against protecting the most important industry of this Province. They must not only declare that they will
try to get justice for the lumber ami shingle men,
or endeavor to assist, in passing a Tariff Act, but
the candidates returned from British Columbia
must pledge their utmost efforts towards the enactment of a Dominion tariff, to an extent sufficient to protect Canadians in the Canadian market. The very least that is expected is the enactment of a Canadian tariff equivalent to the
United States tariff on Canadian manufactured
lumber.
It would require a powerful imagination to
thinl< for even a moment that the men interested in the manufacture of lumber and Bhingles
will continue to support a Government that hands
them over to the mercies of foreign competition.
And the loggers of British Columbia knowing that
when the mills lie idle, their own industry is
checked to a dead stop or. to put it properly,
that logs will he worse than a drug on the market-cannot help but reason along the same
lines. There is no provision made in the Land Act
for exemption from taxes and yearly royalties
when the logging interests suffer from stagnation and have to close up camps for want of a
market,
Whatever may be the differences and contentions between the various branches of the lumbering industry, in this one regard-the tariff-
all are a unit. And after vainly trying for about
six years to convince the Dominion Government
of the urgency of a, tariff enactment, it may now
be necessary to take such steps as conform with
the Golden Rule.
U. S. Government Forest Planting.—In less
than ten years, if the present Intention of the
United States Department of Agriculture is
realized, the sand hills of Nebraska, which comprise several million acres of treeless desert, will
probably be known as the pine forests of the
West, for. according to a schedule, which was
drawn up early this year, no fewer than one hundred million pines are to planted within the next
decade.
Million Dollar Timber Sale.—Ottawa Valley
lumbermen were the largest purchasers at the
Government timber limit sale in Toronto. Their
purchases exceeded $1.000 000. Thomas Mackie,
M. P., was the largest individual purchaser investing $427.0000. Most of the timber land sold
was in the vicinity of Temiskaming railway.
Big Failure.—The lumber yard and business of
the George E. White company, of Chicago, were
placed in the bands of a receiver recently. The
action followed the filing of a petition by creditors, alleging bankruptcy of the firm. The liabilities are placed at $250,ooo; assets not over $20o,-
000. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
19
DOMINION NEWS
Atchison's planing mill at Toronto, was burned
December 6th. The loss is about $20,000.
Minneapolis parties will erect a large saw mill
at Edmonton this winter at a cost of $100,000.
The saw mill and several hundred thousand feet of lumber belonging to the Canada
Furniture Company, Wiarton, Ont.. was burned
recently.   Loss. $6,000.
The Consolidated Lake Superior Company's
saw mill, employing 125 men, resumed operations recently. Instructions have been given to
start the veneer plant as soon as sufficient men
can be secured. The charcoal plant will also be
in operation soon.
Winnipeg has experienced this year the greatest building boom on record. It is estimated that
the value of the houses and business premises
erected in that city this year rather exceeds
$6,000,000. Meanwhile Winnipegers are confident
that even this expenditure will for a like purpose
be considerably exceeded in 1904.
Among the incorporations at Ottawa are noticed the "Canada Handle Company." They will
engage in the manufacture of wooden handles of
all kinds and other articles into the manufacture
of which wood enters. The incorporators are
Chilion Jones, Brockville; Dr. R. E. Webster, S.
C. Thompson, Otawa; Clarkson Jones, David F.
Jones, Toronto.
The executive of the Canadian Manufacturers'
Association held a meeting in Toronto on November 19 to discuss the grievances of the British
Columbia lumbermen, who complain that their
home market is being ruined because they have
no protection against the United States firms.
The Manufacturers' Association will do all in
its power to  secure justice for  the  lumbermen.
A timber sale held in Toronto last week realized for the Ontario government upwards of $4.-
000,000. which windfall is to be the surplus for
the current year, according to the estimate of
Premier Ross. The limits were mainly of white
pine, and went at prices by far the highest yet
obtained at government auctions, notwithstanding
that the dues had been increased very largely of
late.
Mr. Alexander McLean, of Ottawa, has been
appointed commercial agent for Canada to Japan. Mr. McLean is best known as the St. Noir
member of the firm of Rogers & McLean, which
published the Ottawa Times in the early seventies, and afterwards became contractors for the
parliamentary and departmental printing. Later
on the firm was for a short time at the head of
the Montreal Herald. Mr. McLean is an able writer, and has a thorough knowledge of the trade of
the Dominion. He will make a good business representative.
Law Governing Navigable Waters.
The United States Attorney-General has directed the United States District Attorney for
Washington to take an appeal from the decision
rendered September 29, 1903, in the United States
Circuit Court for the State of Washington adverse to the government in the suit of the United
States against the Wishkah Boom Company, involving the question of whether or not the Wishkah River is a navigable stream of the United
States.
The decision referred to included the conclusion that the Wishkah River in its natural condition and with improvements to navigation that
have been made by private enterprises, is chiefly
useful for floating sawlogs and timber, and it is
not such a public navigable river as to have been
in contemplation in the enactment of laws by
Congress relating to public waters of the United
States.
The first point that came up after the case
was decided was a complaint made to the engineer's office by the Wishkah Boom Company itself that the channel was obstructed by vessels
moored in the river near Its mouth, and that it
was in consequence of such obstruction impossible to bring rafts from the boom grounds to the
mouth.
If the decision was sustained, there would,
it is said, be no remedy for this difficulty under
the laws enacted by Congress relating to the public waters of the United States, and the same
principle would be true for a very large part of
the navigable streams and channels of this state.
Incidentally, the question of the propriety of the
improvement and maintenance of these streams
and channels at federal expense for purposes of
navigation is involved.
The whole matter was submitted by the local
engineer's office to the engineer department at
Washington, and an appeal has been directed as
stated.
OBITUARY
F. J. Reichman.
F. J. Reichmann, proprietor of the Reichmann
Lumber Co., Everett. Wash., died of nervous pros
tration. He had been ill for the past five months.
Mr. Reichmann had been engaged in business in
Everett for the last two years and a half, coming
there from Lemars, Iowa. He was 40 years old,
and leaves a widow and two sons.
Amy Laberta.
Amy  Laberta,   a  French   Canadian,   while  at
work in the Kennedy & Davis mill, Lindsay, Ont.,
fell on a circular saw and was so badly injured
that he died instantly.
Martin Voorhees.
Martin Voorhees, treasurer pf the Kapowsin
Lumber Company, of Tacoma, Wash., and a prominent lumberman, died of Bright's disease. He was
a native of Detroit and a student of the Michigan
university.
James Morrel.
James Morrel, aged 29 years, a native of Quebec, has just died at the Sacred Heart Hospital
in Spokane, as the result of injuries received a
month ago at Sandpoint, Idaho. He was at work
in a lumber camp when a pile of logs gave way
and some of them rolled over him, almost breaking his back. He was taken to the hospital at
the time and it was thought that he was on the
road to recovery when the end came.
W. H. Yav.Key.
The death is announced of Mr. W. H. Yawkey,
of Detroit, Mich. He started out as a boy working
in the lumber woods without a dollar; at the time
of his demise he was rated at $10,000.000,and owned timber in Ontario, Wisconsin, Michigan and
the Gulf States, besides extensive mining interests in British  Columbia and elsewhere.
George Mason.
One of Ottawa's most prominent lumbermen,
Mr. George Mason, died here here on Wednesday,
in his 66th year. He was a member of the firm
of Wm. Mason & Sons. The deceased had resided in Ottawa for forty years. He was a son of
the late pioneer, William Mason, one of the pioneer lumbermen of the Ottawa Valley.
O. Drolet.
On December 16 O. Drolet. a single man, aged
40, and an employee of the Yale-Columbia Lumber Company, Nakusp, left Halcyon Hot Springs,
on Arrow Lake, in a skiff, intending to row to another setlement seven miles below. The following
lay the boat was found on the beach half way
between the two places, with one point smashed
in and Drolet's coat caught on some protruding
nails. It is believed that the boat was upset and
the man was drowned, but as to how the boat
was smashed there is no reasonable solution.
The Western Pine Shippers' Association has
decided to keep up its present price list. The basic
price for rough lumber is $12.50 and $13.50 for
surfaced. These prices will thus prevail in Spokane.
In Tacoma, Wash., a city retail lumber company has been formed to handle all the local business of the twelve principal mills of that city
on a co-operative basis. A suite of offices have
been secured and Mr. T. L. Richardson has been
installed as manager.
What effect the threatened rate war between
the established lumber manufacturers and dealers of California on the one hand, and the big
Weyerhaeuser syndicate and Pacific Coast Steamship Co., will show on the market quotations
for lumber in California, *"*" ho. very interesting
to manufacturers all over the Coa^. V. r^ms that
the Pacific Coast Steamship Company enters the
lumber fight with the intention of forcing the
lumber schooners, now in trade between points
on the North Coast and California, to abandon the
practice of carrying passengers and freight, other
than lumber, thereby cutting into the Pacific
Coast Company's business.
NEW PATENTS.
Canadian Patent, No. 84655, has been granted
to A. J. Burton, Esq., Dec. 29th 1903. This invention relates to improvements in band saw clapboard machines, and the object of the invention
is to devise a machine whereby a bolt
or cylindrical form of log may be brought to feed
up to a band saw in such manner as to cut clapboards from the bolt, the direction of the cut taken by the band saw being radial; further objects
being to rotate the bolt after each cut through an
arc which will make the clap-board of a suitable
thickness. The main object being to make the
device cheap, compact and simple in operation.
It consists essentially of a suitable base or turntable upon which the machine is mounted, a frame
supporting upper and lower centre points to support the bolt, means for advancing and retracting
the movable portion of the frame to feed the bolt
up to the saw and withdraw it therefrom and
means for automatically rotating the bolt through
a suitable angle when it has been withdrawn from
engagement with the saw, the various parts of
the device being constructed and arranged in detail as described in the specifications of said patent.
Mr. A. J. Burton claims for his patent : That
the machine is constructed to cut clap-boards four
feet long to supply the large demands of the New
England market. It will increase the capacity
per day over five times that of any clap-board
machine in existence using circular saws, and
also reduce the curf or waste of lumber one-half.
This machine should find a ready market in
British Columbia, as this Province has the timber
required for these clap-boards, namely spruce
and fir. This class of wood is now exhausted in
New England, and their buyers must fall back
upon this Province for its supply.
Mr. E. C. Mahoney. of the Royal City Mills,
has applied for a Canadian patent on a system
of constructing "knock down" houses. These are
intended to meet the requirements of pioneer settlements in farming and mining districts where
skilled artisans are few and far between. "Knockdown Houses" have for several years been constructed in San Francisco, Cal., but it is understood that Mr. Mahoney's patent has many marked improvements over the systems adopted in
California.
CHEMANIUS LUMBER COMPANY
Great strides have been made by the Victoria
Lumber Company, of Chemainus, in extending and
improving their properties at Chemainus and
neighboring localities. The energy and enterprise displayed with this well-known firm are
worthy of all admiration, and have resulted most
beneficially to the whole district in which their
operations are carried on, and there were added
to the company's plant in 1903 the following,
which will sufficiently prove the large scale on
which these improvements are being undertaken.
Enlarged planing mill; installing three new
machines.
Erected shingle mill and dry kilns.
Built railroad to mill connecting with E. & N.
railway.
Erected large shed for storing dry lumber, capable of holding 300.000 feet.
Added a forty-ton locomotive to railroad
equipment.
Extended logging railroads about four miles.
Started camp above Ladysmith, opening up
their limits, back of that place; building large
unloading wharf, booming grounds, etc., four miles
standard gauge railroad.
Renovated and enlarged store building.
From March to October. 1903, the company
made fairly heavy shipments by cars to the Northwest, the shortage of cars limiting the company's
output considerably in this respect. The local
and rail shipments by the company for 1903 were
about 15.000,000 feet.
FIRST LOGS IMPORTED.
For the first time since the amendment to the
Provincial Land Act became a law, a boom of
logs cut on the E. & N railway lands on Vancouver Island paid royalty today prior to transportation to Paget Sound. The royalty paid was according to Schedule No. 1 of the amendment, and
ranged from $1 per thousand feet to $1.50 per
thousand feet, according to the diameter of the
logs in the boom. Payment was made by a logger
named Cook, who is operating on a section of the
E. fr N. erant. The boom measured approximately
f,00 000 feet.
The seller and exnorter of the boom explained that he was merely trving the exportation as
an experiment to demonstrate to his own satisfaction whether or not any nrofit. under the tprms
of the amended act, could be made through selling
logs to the Sound. v~:,,....:: ■     IHI
20
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
J. E. FOX SAW WORKS
SEATTLE, WASHINGTON:
The Only Saw Manufacturers on the Pacific Coast
:EVERY DESCRIPTION OF:
CIRCULAR  SAWS  MADE TO ORDER
T. H   CLAFFEY, Manager
. . . GRINNELL . . .
Automatic
Fire Sprinkler
and
Alarm System
Endorsed by all Fire Insurance Companies
FIRE PUMPS
Rates Reduced 33 1-3 to 50 Per Cent.
H. J. LATHEY, Superintendent.
3I8 Walker Building, SEATTLE, WASH.
COOKE k TAIT
MANUFACTURERS OF
dear Gedar and Fir
Bevel Siding,
Door Stock,
Cedar Finish.
B.C. Red Cedar Shingles
We Will be Pleased to Give
Estimates and Prices on
Application	
A
O
L>i_i i
r~\
The Leading Book and Job
wmr
L<7
C2
fine: commercial stationery
541 Hastings Street
Telephone 189
VANCOUVER, B. e
yL BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
21
PRACTICAL HINTS
(By A. J.  Burton.)
The Speed of Band Saws—As a result of my
ten years' experience with band saw for log sawing, having fitted saws to cut almost all kinds of
timber that is in use or grows in Canada, the
United States, Central and South America, 1 would
recommend that saws runs 10,000 feet per minute
in white pine, fir, spruce, poplar, cucumber, chestnut, pinewood or basswood, whitewood or tulip, or
other soft -voods; 9.000 feet per minute in cherry,
red oak. t>eech, birch, hemlock, North Carolina
pine, yellow pine, red pine, cypress or other similar woods; 8,000 feet per minute in maple, white
oak, gum, horn beam or ironwood, ash, South
American mahogany, box wood., rerd cedar, satin-
wood, amaganth, sycamore, black walnut, North
Carolina red birch, Hungarian ash. elm, and all
similar hardwoods, but use a short tooth with
space %-inch and not much hook; 6.000 feet per
minute in rosewood, lignum vitae, Cuban mahogany, etc.
THE LIFE OF BAND SAWS.
The length of time a band saw will run is uncertain, and depends much upon the care in handling. If a saw is made from good steel, well tempered it will ordinarily last a long time. All saw
makers endeavor to furnish good saws, but the
best of them miss it occasionally, and in such
case if a saw is defective you should report it
promptly.
If a saw is all right upon receipt from the
shop and the filer looks it over carefully, putting
it in proper shape before running it on the mill,
and if he looks it over every second or third time
that it comes off the wheels and keep it all the
time in proper shape, it will run until worn out,
without a crack, and cut at the rate of 50 M per
day. if it does not get pulled off the wheels or meet
with an accident.
Four saws on a single band mill should run
eight or nine months of the year for two years
and cut twenty million feet, and if 10-inch when
new, should still be eight or eight and one-half
inches wide. But if accidents happen, they will
not run so long. I have run four saws for five
months, cutting 50 to 55 M per day in hemlock
and oak, and they haven't a crack or a blemlsh-
except the loss of two teeth in one, which were
knocked out by a stone, and they were worn down
only V4 inch. But the saws cutting logs containing iron or stones, or getting pulled off or ill used
in the filing room, or by reckless sawyer, will
last and do good work only in proportion to the
care and handling they receive. Keep the tension even, the saw flat and straight lengthwise;
the crown in back even; use the right amount of
swage; do not allow case hardening from any
cause; see that the lap is always straight; do
not run too long or too slim teeth; see that the
mill is line with the track and the wheels in line
with each other, and success will follow.
LINING THE SAW  WITH  THE CARRIAGE.
A principal cause of trouble in the running of
circular saws is the lining of the saws, which if
not properly done will cause the saw to heat and
snake. A saw should be lined almost straight
with the track, leading into the log no more than
is necessary to keep it in the cut and prevent
heating at the center, or scratching the lumber
when the carriage is reversing. In practice the
amount of lead varies from 1-04 to 1-32 of an
inch in 20 feet, according to the diameter of the
saw. Change the line of direction of the saw to
give the desired lead by sluing the mandrel in
the proper direction. Before attempting to line
a saw you must see that all end play is taken
out of the mandrel, that the track is straight,
level and solid, the carriage free from lateral motion, and the saw plumb and flat on the log side.
Then move up the carriage1 until the head block-
is on a line with front edge of the saw. Fasten
a pointed stick firmly upon the head block with
the point lightly against the saw. Move the carriage until the point is opposite the back edge,
and if necessary slew the mandrel until the point
clears the saw from 1-64 to 1-32 of an inch.
Or fasten a square edged stick or board firmly
Upon the head block so that the end of the stick
will 1)0 1-8 of an inch from the saw when opposite
its center. Then run the carriaget back until the
carriage is 15 or 20 feet from the saw. Then
stretch a line from the back of the saw to the
stick and you can give accurately any lend desired. Or a tapering board with a hole at the large
end. and a nail or a screw at the small end. may
he fitted on the stem of the mandrel and screwed
up tight between the collars.    Measure from the
head block to the nail in the end of the board,
then turn the mandrel half over by pulling on the
belt, run the head block to the new position and
measure again, setting over the mandrel to give
the lead desired.
After testing the saw as above, by turning the
saw slightly to a new position, and measuring
again, any imperfection in the saw itself will be
shown. The saw arbor should not be run absolutely rigid, but may be allowed 1-64 of an inch
end play or thereabouts.
TREATMENT   OF   BLUE   POINTS   IN   A   SAW.
A blue spot in a saw is caused by the existence
of a lump at the spot which is heated and blue
by constant friction in the cut If it shows in the
form of a round lump it may be reduced by the use
of the dog head hammer, but if it extends in the
form of a ridge, the long faced hammer marks
will be required. Such ridges usually extend from
center towards rim. In hammering it is well to
put the saw through slightly at the spot so as to
require a little treatment on the reverse side, for
if the blue spot is hammered down only just flat
it may reappear when the saw gets hot.
GENERAL     OBSERVATIONS     ON     CIRCULAR
SAWS.
If a saw is properly adjusted and everything
about the machine is right the saw should run
cool or nearly so.
If a saw heate at the center it is usually either
the fault of the mandrel heating or the collars
not being properly turned, or the carriage being
out of line, or the saw being run with too little
set.
If a saw heats at the rim it may arise from
leading too much into the log, causing it to bear
too hard against the outside guide, or the backs
of the teeth may be too high, or the saw may
be trying to cut more than it will chamber.
If a saw is run at a higher rate of speed than
that for which it is adjusted, it will be too large
on the rim and will run out or "snaky." On the
contrary if the speed for which it is adjusted is
not kept up, it will be too large in the center and
disposed to dish or run out of the log.
If a saw inclines to run out of the log, give
it a little lead, and if tight on the rim increase
the motion to expand the rim.
If it inclines into the log lead out by filing
the points of the teeth or adjusting the mandrel.
If it runs in and out, lead into the log, file the
points of the teeth to lead out. and if necessary
reduce the set of the teeth. This will cause the
saw to warm a little and expand.
If it heats at the center while the mandrel
runs cool, line into the log a trifle and increase the
set. If it heats at the rim and not at the center
line out a trifle.
As the saw enlarges on the rim by wear, lead
out a trifle to expand the center and equalize the
tension of the rim.
The track must be solid, level and straight.
The carriage tracks must be free from end
play, and the sets work accurate and positive.
The saw arbor must be! abundantly heavy,
level, with very little end play, and the saw
must hang plumb.
The saw must have an easy close fit on the
mandrel and lug pins have a good sized bearing.
The tight collar should be slightly concave; the
loose collar flat.
The saw should stand straight on the log
side, when the collars are screwed up and the
saw running at the required speed.
The saw must be in line with the carriage and
lead a trifle into the log.
The saw must be in perfect round or balance.
The gullets must be properly shaped and sufficiently large to chamber the dust.
The backs of the teeth must not be higher than
the points.
The teeth must be filed or sharpened perfectly
square on face and back.
The swaging must be sufficient for perfect
clearance, and should be evenly balanced.
The guides must he perfectly adjusted when
the saw is standing still or lightly running.
The saw must have sufficient teeth for the
amount of feed.
The-saw must be properly thick for the char-
aetef of the work.
The teeth must have proper pitch for fast,
free cutting.
The mandrel and carriage must each be free
from  spring.
Tlie mandrel must not be allowed to heat in
the bearings.
The saw must be kent sharp and not run when
dull
The teeth must be sidedressed to make the extreme point and  face of the  teeth  the  widest,
with a proper taper or clearance down the back
from the point.
The spread of the swaging must be sufficient
to properly clear the blade of the saw to prevent
friction.
The speed ought to be uniform both in and out
of the cut.
Do not lead the saw by the guide pins but by
sluing the mandrel or proper filing.
Reduce the spread of the swaging if yoti wish
the saw to run warm at the center.
Increase the spread of the swaging if the saw
runs too warm at the center.
Increase the gullet or lower the rim if the
saw heats at the rim.
Increase the motion if the saw is too tight
on the rim.   Keep it cool in the center.
Don't set the guide pins too close or the saw
will heat at the rim and run snaky. Keep the
saw free from gum by proper swaging and the
use of water, or the rim will heat from undue
friction.
Keep your swage and saw sharpener constantly in good order. Fair, evenly balanced swaging,
taper side dressing and perfect sharpening are
essential to a fine cutting saw.
Keep all gum and dust o the tracks.
Do not use over 3-32 set equally divided on the
saw.
TO  BEGIN  SHIPPING  AT  ONCE.
The Pacific Coast Company will begin stocking its California yards in January. The company will enter the California lumber trade gradually, accumulating a stock of lumber in the California ports, as rapidly as possible and extending
the company's operations in California as fast as
stocks on hand will permit.
The company does not fear the possibility of
being cut out from a supply of shingles by the
formation of the selling company that proposes
to control 90 per cent, of the state's output, nor
does the recent slump in the lumber market concern the Pacific Coast Company much.
As a matter of fact, Pacific Coast officials believe the fall in the lumber market will benefit
them. They insist that the lumber dealers of California are carrying large stocks that have been
accumulated, at high prices and that comparatively little of the lumber that the California men will
handle for some time to come will be secured at
low rates. The Pacific Coast Company can, it is
pointed out, secure lumber at current rates, or at
present at about $6 per thousand. This rate
would give the company a big advantage over
competitors that paid higher market rates.
The company officials insits the Pacific Coast
Company is protected against the Interstate Red
Shingle Company's control of the shingle markets
by contracts that were made by James E. Bell before he went to California to take charge of the
Company's yards in that state. Before he went
South Mr. Bell assured officers of the company
that he had provided for a supply of lumber and
shingles that would give the Pacific Coast Company all the lumber required in the war against
the steam schooner owners.
The steamship company has secured the yards
it will require in San Francisco and San Deigo.
The San Diego Lumber Company has notified the
Pacific Coast Company that it will be unable to
move off the company's wharf by the first of the
year, but the change will not be delayed any longer than necessary The company is all ready to
begin business.
No new overtures have been made toward
peace, and it is not believed by those in touch
with the situation, that anything will be done until the company has made some showing In the
lumber business. A meeting of steam schooner
owners was held in California, and it was decided
to wait until it became known what the Pacific
Cosat Company would do. This is interpreted to
mean the steam schooner owners will make no
move until the Pacific Coast Company's plans are
better outlined.
During the conference which will occur between W. E. Pearce, general manager of the Pacific Coast Steamship Company, J. E. Bell, the
company's lumber representative, and J. C. Ford,
general manager of the Pacific Coast Company,
it is likely further details of the fight will be
worked out Mr. Pearce and Mr. Bell have returned to Seattle from California and will be able
to advise Mr. Ford of the progress in the campaign.
The earlier shipments of lumber will be made
by the Pacific Coast Company in chartered ves
sels, either sailing vessels or steam schooners being used as conditions warrant. The company
proposes to get the lumber to California at! quickly and cheaply as possible, but in any event to
demonstrate that the company can be a factor in
the lumber carrying trade. 22
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
i
THREATENED   COMPETITION   OF   THE   LUM-*
BER INDUSTRY  BY THE C. P. R.
Under date of 8th inst., a press correspondent
in Winnipeg wires the following interview with
Mr. William Whyte, second vice-president of the
C. P. It. He stated that the first want of every
settler, before he can make a home for himself,
is lumber for his house and other buildngs, and
cheap lumber means a great deal to the newcomer.
"Unfortunately," said Mr. Whyte, "at the present time there is ample evidence that the owners
of saw mills and retail dealers in lumber are endeavoring to maintain high prices for lumber, and
surround the retail business with restrictions
which tend to influence the market. It may be
possible, as claimed, that there is no combine
among the mill-owners, but there certainly is an
arrangement with the Retail Dealers' Association
under which that association dictates as to the
location and number of retail lumber yards, and
thus practically controls the market and dictates
the selling prices.
"The Canadian Pacific Railway Company."
continued Mr. Whyte, "is the largest land-owner,
next to the government, in Manitoba and the
Northwest Territories, and has therefore a marked interest in the settlement of the country.
The company also owns in the land grants to the
British Columbia Southern, Columbia & Kootenay.
and Columbia & Western Railways a large percentage of the timbered areas in Southern British Columbia, and by establishing its own sawmills and selling lumber through its present staff
of station agents, is in a position to put this
necessary commodity on the market at a very low
figure.
"There is no disposition on the part of the
company to enter into competition with the present owners of saw mill plants or retail dealers,
provided they, recognizing the importance of the
matter to the country at large, will sell lumber
at a reasonable price, and give up the attempt to
maintain high prices by 'combine' methods, but
unles that is done, the company will certainly
put in its own mills and deal with the matter as
above outlined."
In connection with the above many of the manufacturers of Vancouver have been . interviewed,
and the general concensus of opinion by these
gentlemen is that an unwarranted attack is made
upon their business interests. The following excerpt from one of these interviews is significant
and plainly sets forth who is the injured party:
"You have not beard of any millionaire lumbermen in British Columbia have yon?" when
the question of the alleged big profits in the lumber business were brought to his notice. "I fancy
Mr. Whyte wants to create an impression in favor of the C. P. It. with the farmer and takes
this opportunity to do it. The company has no
serious intention of building mills'. They tried
that two or three years ago. and had enough of
it. They have now charged up to experience,
something like half a million dollars, which their
mill venture at Fernie cost them. There they
built a fine large modern mill, equipped in an up-
to-date manner.
"That mill did not last long. It was dismantled and the fine new machinery brought to the
Coast and hawked about to the various mills.
Portions of the machinery which could not be
sold  went to the scrap  heap  and  were  sold  as
junk.
"The very fact that, the lumber is the only unprotected industry ought to prove that Canadian
manufacturers cannot get too much for their output, as they have to compete with the United
States mills which are free to enter the Canadian
markets, while a tariff keeps Canadian lumber
out of the United States. Cheaper labor and
transportation rates, which are about one-twentieth of what we have to nay. are mighty factors
in favor of the lumbermen on the other side of
tho  line.
"Talking of rates. I can give you a very good
illustration from an order which is now going
through our office. If you will wait a moment I
will look it up and give you the exact figures from
the books. Here it is." ho said, after a moment's
pause. "A shipment now being made bring us
$36.46 per thousand at point of delivery. Out of
this the C. P. R.'s charges are precisely $21.96
per thousand, leaving to $11.50 per thousand."
"Now. for that $11.50 per thousand, tho lumber mills have to maintain timber limits under
heavy rentals and royalties The timber has to
be cut and put into the water, afterwards towed
to the mills, under risk of loss which frequently
occurs. The lumber has to be manufactured at
the mills and after orders are secured, the cars
have to be loaded and shipped. Then the lumberman sits  down  and  has  to  wait for his  money
till he gets it. All the C. P. R. does for its lion's
share of the price is to haul the car and deliver
to the customer whom the mill has found, and
the latter pays the freight charges and unloads
the car himself. The whole transaction so far
as the C. P. R. is concerned does, not take over
ten days.
"The mills on the Coast are badly handicapped
in the market east of the mountains, by the fad
that the mountain mills get a much better rate
than we do. On the other side of the line the
mountain mills get the same rate on lumber east
as do the mills at the Coast. It is useless to
enlarge upon this subject. Mr. Whyte has been
very unfortunate in his remarks, to say the least
of it, if he is correctly reported, as 1 presume he
is."
Another gentleman prominently identified with
the industry, and particularly well posted on conditions in the Northwest and Manitoba trade,
made this point:
"There is no more excuse for calling the Lumber Manufacturers' Association a 'combine' than
there would be for calling a combine the association of various railroad companies for the purpose of keeping rates, both passenger and freight.
on an equitable basis. The C. P. R. is not a
part of a combine because it belongs to such an
asociation of railways. No more is the Lumber Manufacturers' Association a 'combine.' It
is in every sense merely an asociation, whose only
bond is mutual interest, and the efforts it puts
forth are all to keep the conditions of trade such
that no disasters, such as have been frequent in
the history of the industry in British Columbia
may occur. There certainly is a scale of prices.
and it is to the interest of all to see that no price
cutting is indulged in.
"My candid opinion is that in the utterance
referred to. the C. P, 1?. is playing to the gallery.
They want to show the people of the Northwest
what wonderful things they have done for the
country, and what they are prepared to do, This
is particularly necessary because the Grand
Pacific is coming into the country before long,
"It is a little remarkable, too, is it not, that
such a pronouncement should be made just at
the moment when the C. P. R. company is advancing all commodity rates from the east, an
average of 17 1-2 cents all round, and even advancing the rates on lumber. It is a very pal-
liable attempt, to draw a, red herring across a
trail which is all too fresh in the notice of the
farmers  of  the  Northwest   and   Manitoba.
"The lumber industry is one which Ins been
very unfairly treated on all sides,' 'was the gentleman's concluding remark "The peopln do not
appear to realize what an important industry it
is: in fact, it is one of the most important In Canada. Out here it means nearly the whole thing
in the way of keeping things going all the time.
Were the lumber industry to become paralyzed
or demoralized, and cessation of operations ensue, the people would soon realize what it means
to them, The C. P, U. Itself is by no means independent   of  the   industry."
A prominent member of the
Association, when questioned, said:
the report from Winnipeg, giving
Mr. Wm. Whyte on the lumber question in Mus-
koka and the Northwest Territories. Mr. Whyte
is second vice-president of the C. P. R. and his
position justifies him in making many statements,
but the same position entails upon him the necessity for a great deal of caution in bis statements, and if he is correctly reported, he has overstepped the boundaries. With the very severe
competition existing among British Columbia lumber men. to say nothing of that winch comes from
the mills of Puget Sound, Mr. Whyte need have
no fear that lumber will bo unduly high, and if he
will turn his energies towards furnishing sufficient transportation for lumber that can be sent
from British Columbia into Manitoba and tie-
Territories he will find plenty to do without going
into the saw mill business."
With the view of fostering the growth of business in the Northwest and Manitoba, negotiations
have for several weeks been under way between
the British Columbia mill men and the C. P. R,
with the view of securing a reduction of freight
rates to these points, in order that intending settlers might have every possible advantage in se-
eurinir necesary lumber at a fair price. The interview just quoted clearly shows upon whom it
falls to make the reduction, more particularly so
when there "is so much land yet to be cultivated."
Lumbermen's
"I have seen
the   views   of
er who has been mayor for the last two years,
said today:
"There is no question that the manufacturers
and lumber dealers in the West are doingall in
their power to hold up the price and curtail the
output of lumber. Here in Winnipeg we are a little more Independent, because we can bring in
lumber from the South, and that has been our
only salvation during the past year. 1 understand,
on the very host authority, that the lumber, and
more especially the shingle, manufacturers of
British Columbia, have an association which is
practically a combine, in which they poool 35 per
cent, of their sales, and this amount is subsequently divided amoung the members, according to the
percentage Of business they did before the combine was Inaugurated. The arrangement is such
that sonu1 mills may not sell a car during the
year, and yet they would get a share of this pool.
Shingles are actually sold in the United States
for a lower price than we can buy them at, and the
mills supplying this trade receive their quota out
of the pool. On this system the high prices
paid by the Canadians go to make up tho low
prices at which our good Canadian shingles are
sold to the United States."
On the other hand John Graham, manager of
the Prairie Lumber Company, remarked sarcasti-
caly to a press corespondent that he would be
pleased to see that Mr. Whyte would use a portion
of the funds made by the C. P, R. from the farmers
in this western country in protecting them from
the alleged lumber combine. Mr. Graham also
said that he was pleased that Mr. Whyte and the
Canadian Pacific Railway Company had the interests of the farmers at heart when they raised
the freight rates on lumber from American points
on their line inside of the last ten days to go into
effect on the 15th instant.
"The C. 1'. R. have made two or three disastrous atempts to manufacture lumber." said Mr.
Graham, "and will probably find their hands full
in attending to the transportation of goods in this
western country, and leave the poor, innocent merchant  to attend  to the balance."
ONTARIO LUMBER CUT SHORT.
A shortage of more than a hunderd million
feet of estimated lumber cut of Ontario for the
season is the report of Messrs. .1. H. Moore and
C. I'. Roe. Inspectors of the National Lumber
Trust of Chicago, who have just arrived in Toronto from the logging camps. Mr. Roe stater!
that tlie shortage was very marked in chopping,
due to lack of men. The yield of the Georgian
Bay Lumber Company alone would be reduced
to 60,000,000 feet, as compared with over SO.000,-
000 feet last year. With the other large companies the falling off was even worse. He said that
no satisfactory explanation could be given of the
shortage of choppers. An able-bodied man could
earn $2.50 a day and his board but there was some
disatisfaction among the men as to the methods
of payment, and the treatment they received from
the sub-bosses. Unreliable companies had made
pledges to induce men to go into the woods, and
which they had afterwards failed to carry out.
In those cases the pledges made by irresponsible
employment agents and the effects was injurious
to the business.
NOTICE.
Tenders for Timber Limits.
Sealed tenders will be received by the Chief
Commissioner of Lands and Works up to noon of
Wednesday. 20th January. 1904, from any person
who may desire to obtain a lease, under the provisions of section   42 of  the "Land   Act."  for  the
purpose of cutting timber therefrom, of a timber
limit situated on the Klaanch river, Vancouver Island, known as Lots !!!». 120. 121. 122 123, 124. and
125. Rupert district, containing in the aggregate*
21,056  acres.
The competitor offering the highest cash bonus will be entitled to a lease of the limits for a
term of 21   years.
Uardi tender must be accompanied by a certified cheque made payable to the undersigned, to
cover the amount of the first year's rental ($3.-
2ftS.10), and the amount of bonus tendered, and
also a. certified cheque for $8,421.87, being the cost
of cruising and surveying the limits. The cheques
will be at once returned to unsuccessful competitors. W. S. GORE,
Deputy Commissioner of Lands.
Winnipeg, .Ian. 9.—Retail lumbermen here
who are not members of the Lumber Dealers' Association regard Mr. Whyte's announcement as
an Inestimable boon to the West. Those who are
members criticize it severely.
Mr. John Arbuthnot, a prominent, lumber deal-
U. R. Ella, of Victoria, who has been managing
the saw mill at Caribou. Yukon Territory, has
arrived from the north via Seattle, to which
port he took passage on the steamer Dolphin.
Mr. Ella was given a farewell dinner at Caribou
by his  friends  before  leaving. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
23
OUR OLE SWIMMIN' HOLE.
You kin have your natatoriums, yer beaches and
yer bays.
And all the fancy riggin's that folks uses nowadays;
Hut when the sun comes pourin' down so hot it
burns your soul,
I alius get a bankerin' like fur our ole swimmin'
hole.
We never had no bathin' suits, but necked as you
please
We jumped right in, all in a bunch, as thick as
swarmin' bees.
We'd slippery slide and duck and dive, from middle to the shoal,
Lord! what a time us fellers had in our ole swimmin' hole.
But now,  when  memory  wanders  back,  I  sorter
bow my head,
For most the boys I used to know I reckon all are
dead—
But mebbe, when the Lord above makes up the
final roll.
We'll  all join hands and  take a look at our ole
swimmin' hole.
—Ivy Elmer Rogers, in Thresher World.
NORTHWESTERN        HARDWOOD       LUMBERMEN'S      ASSOCIATION.
At the fifteenth annual meeting of the Northwestern Lumbermen's Association in St. Paul, the
following officers of the association were reelected.
President, F. H. Lewis, Minneapolis; Vice-
President, A. E. Peterson, St. Paul; Treasurer,
C. F. Osborne, Minneapolis; Secretary, J. F. Hay-
den, Minneapolis; the Board of Arbitration, F.
H. Lewis, chairman: F. A. Nolan, P. R. Hamilton;
W. C. Bailey, P. W. Strickland; Membership
Committee, P. W. Strickland, chairman; W. H.
Sill, W. C. Stanton. Olaf Oppernd, Swan Hawkins, T. Ittner and Richard Gessert were appointed lumber inspectors of the association. Stocks
on hand of hard wood are light compared with the
demand.
THE  PINE  LUMBER  SITUATION.
The Pacific Coast Lumber Manufacturers' Association has gone to pieces, the conference recently having been a failure. A representative
of a large house which handles lumber admitted
that the rates had been cut considerable, but
he held that the large lumber manufacturers
would not hrh.'ro in ruinous rate-cuting. The
cut of pine inn her will probably be curtailed, as
the export profits will not offset the low rates
received i.i Csbiorcie
TO AID THE  GOOD WORK.
Elsewhere in this issue the question of advocating the Dominion Government to grant protection
on Canadian lumber against the inroads of American manufacturers, has b0en discussed, We
have just received information from the secretary
of the Mountain Lumber Manufacturers* Association that a strong delegation of that Association
is likely to go to Ottawa in the near future to add
its voice in persuading the Government to have
the desired legislation  put through.
LADYSMITH    LUMBER   COMPANY'S   OUTPUT.
Mr. John W. Coburn, managing director of
the Ladysmith Lumber Company, Limited, of
Ladysmith. B. C, has furnished the press with the
following interesting particulars of the business
transacted by that company during the past year.
The Ladysmith Lumber Company began business
last spring, and the business reulting in so short
a time is highly commendable. The figures which
follow are not the company's capable output, as
the plant was shut down for practically three
months; while the shingle mill did not start until June 1st, 1SI03.
The capacity of the saw mill has been doubled
and a new drying kiln and planing mill have been
installed; the new shingle mill has four upright
machines and a capacity of over 100,000 shingles
per ten hours.
Feet.
Lumber, sold     fi.100.000
Laths,   sold      5.000,000
Shingles,  sold      5.08G.000
The Fraser River Tannery will soon select a
site for its proposed plant.
THE WEYERHAEUSER SYNDICATE AND THE
CALIFORNIA   MARKET.
With a representative of the Weyerhaeuser
Timber Company and a new agent of the Pacific
Coast Steamship Company in San Francisco fighting to break into the lumber combine or to establish yards for handling lumber in California markets, the prospects for a bitter war in California
becomes  more  serious.
The Weyerhaeuser people have made good on
the whispered intimation that these timber interests were about to descend upon California. One
or two representatives of the Company are now
in the South preparing the way for the big lumber fight. Secretary McCormack. who was recently instructed to move his offices to the Coast,
is understood to be directing the fight of the Wey-
erhaeusers. He is thoroughly familiar with the
lumber trade and is a persistent worker who will
not stop to rest until he has established his company in the market that is sought.
There Is no question that the Weyerhaeusers
intend to break into the California trade. It is
probably true that this company would be willing
to enter the lumber combine if the San Francisco men who are in control are willing to let in
the new member. But it makes little difference
to the Weyerhaeusers whether they get in the California trade on peaceable terms or not. The Weyerhaeuser Timber Company owns more standing
timber than any other corporation in the west,
and will be able not only to log its own lands, but
to cut up the logs at the company's mills and
to ship them from convenient harbors. The company is better prepared to make a fight than any
other corporation engaged in the lumber traffic,
and it is certain definite arrangements will be
made in California for getting into that trade.
Several cargoes of lumber have already been shipped by the Weyerhaeuser Lumber Company to
San Francisco and San Pedro, California.
The Pacific Coast Company does not expect
to be able to get control of its California yards
before the beginning of the new year. As soon
as the grounds are available to begin the lumber
war the first attack upon the steam schooner
owners and their lumber allies will be made.
The presence of both Mr. Bell and the Weyerhaeuser Company agents in California indicate
that the fight is to be waged against the combine
from two directions. The Weyerhaeusers may be
invited by the steamship company to join issues,
for the latter, with plenty of carrying capacity,
will need all the lumber that can be had. The
arrangement would be profitable to the steamship
company, for the trade of the Weyerhaeusers
would be secured at once and probably held for
all time. It is likely that overtures will be exchanged in San Francisco between the representatives of the interested companies.
GENERAL NEWS
Slow Timber Growth.—D. E. Everbs, a lumberman of Holland, is making a tour of the United
States in the interests of his firm, and is at Tacoma. He has headquarters at St. Petersburg,
Russia, where he buys timber, as the forests of
Holland are depleted. He says that lumber In
Holland is too high priced to be used for building purposes and only doors, floors and windows
are made of it.
For many years past the continental nations,
says Mr. Everbs, have been giving great care to
reforesting, but are finding the method tedious and
almost impracticable through the lapse of time
required to grow trees large enough to make fine
timber, which, he says, is about two hundred
years. Everbs says that startling surprises have
resulted in this reforesting business in the past
two decades, which establish that it is almost impossible grow forests at the best on logged-off
lands.
Then new growth timber appears to be the
special prey of storms and disasters resulting
from the elements, finally making such regions
swampy and marshy districts, in which stunted
and deformed growths of straggy and worthless
timber grows.
Some believe that in the evolution of vegetation on the surface of the earth it took several
generations of forest trees to seed, protect and
build up the soil until finally under such protection a growth of timber can grow to perfection.
This being the case it is argued, once the forests
of the earth are cut off there will be a period of
700 or 800 years during which there will be a very
poor quality of timber. This is not causing a
panic among far seeing men, who declare that human ingenuity, judging by the surprising discov-
ies of the past few decades, will uncover some
substitute for timber.
On December Oth Powers' saw mill at Midway
was completely destroyed by fire. Mr. Powers, the
proprietor, was in Grand Forks at the time. His
loss is a heavy one. In addition to the mill a
large quantity of lumber in the yard was also destroyed. The loss is partially covered by insurance.
Tenders will be received up to noon on Wednesday, January 20th, for a lease of timber limits
on lots 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124 and 125, Rupert district, containing in the aggregate 21,956
acres. Each tender must be accompanied by a
certified check for $3,298.40, and the amount of
bonus and also a certified check for $8,421.87, the
cost of cruising and surveying the limits.
A firm that has taken a strong hold upon the
trade of the Province is the N. Thompson Company, Vancouver. They have just turned out a
boiler, 66x16, for the Yale-Columbia Lumber Company, Greenwood, B. C. This boiler is said to
be the largest of its kind ever made in Vancouver. The company have several large orders on
hands and are running their shops to their utmost capacity. No less than seven large boilers
have been turned out during the last month.
In connection with their shingle mill at False
Creek, Cooke & Tait are erecting a large saw
mill to be fitted with the latest machinery obtained from the Waterous Engine Works Co., Ltd.,
of Brantford, Ont. This firm are making a specialty
of bevel fine cedar siding and have a good market
for this and their large output of shingles, which
is about 100,000, in the Northwest and Ontario.
They expect to commence operations in their new
mill about the middle of February next.
Not only is action being taken by the mill men
towards lowering the wages of loggers working
in the northern Coast woods, but there is a movement on foot to lower the hours from ten to eight
hours per day according to the time put In in
actual work. The mill men claim that the logs
are such a drug on the market at the present
time that the operators of camps will either be
compelled to close down or to make a considerable
cut in wages. The cut now proposed is from 20
to 50 cents per day.
Roadway Through Big Tree.—For some time
the board of park commissioners has been contemplating cutting a roadway through one of the
big trees on the south side of Stanley Park. It
was proposed that this roadway should be wide
enough to allow of rigs being driven through. After making careful investigations the board came
to the conclusion that such action would destroy
the tree. Hence they have decided that instead
of a roadway they will merely cut a path for pedestrians. Around the tree a drive will be built
and thus visitors, either on foot or in carriages,
will be given an excellent opportunity of viewing
at close range the colossal proportions of one
of Vancouver's grandest forest giants.
What promises to be an interesting lumber rate
war is about to develop between the Weyerhaeuser Timber Company and what is called the lumber combine of California, now practically con-
troling the markets in that state. In connection
with this, the Pacific Coast Steamship Company
is now preparing yard room and has given the
present tenants of their California yards notice to
vacate in order to have the space necessary for
the product of the Weyerhaeuser concern this coming spring. The Weyerhaeuser company is said to
own more standing timber than any other concern in the west, and having their mills situated
at convenient water shipping points, is probably
In a good position to aggressively invade the California markets with the assistance of the Pacific
Coast Steamship Company.
Subscribe for the
British Columbia
Lumberman
Per annum
$1.00 L>4
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
A TRADE NECESSITY.
The following communications speak for themselves and show the necessity of a
Lumber Trade Journal in British Columbia. There is no limit to the shipping possibilities
of this Province, and enquiries such as the following are undoubtedly not made from mere
curiosity, but with the object of keeping in touch with the industry for mutual benefit.
The Publisher, Vancouver, B. C, 6th, January, 1904.
uThe B.C. Lumberman,"
P. O. Box 928, Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Sir:—
We enclose herewith a copy of a letter we have received from a gentleman in Inver-
cargill, New Zealand, asking us to send him a copy of Lumberman's Journal published
here, and would ask you to be good enough to send him a copy of" your publication in
response to his request.
Thanking you in anticipation,
We are, Dear Sir,
Yours trul\-,
B. C. MILLS TIMBER & TRADING CO.,
HASTINGS SAW  Mil.I. MR.We'll
Per A. VV. II. CURTIS.
f«*A.M
Manager, Invercargill, X. Z., November 13th, 1903.
Hastings Saw Mill Co.,
Vancouver, B. C, Canada.
Sir:--
Being greatly interested in timber matters, I should like to get the Lumberman's
Journal which I understand is published in your country. I have made several attempts to
obtain a copy, but so far my efforts have been ineffectual. I have been advised to write to
you, and would be greatly obliged could you see your way clear to send a copy and thus
assist me.
Believe me,
Yours obediently,
(Signed) A. A. P.
The British Columbia Lumberman.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Please send the British Columbia Lumberman to
for the term  of
for which I enclose $  	
~i
months,
Address: 	
Subscription Rates for Canada and the United States:
One Year,     -     -     $1.00 Three Months,     -       $   .30
Six Months,    -    = .60 One Month,      ■     ■ .10
Subscription  Rates for Foreign Countries, 50 Per Cent. Additional.
Remit by postal order adressed to
THK BRITISH COLUMBIA LUHBURMAN,
P. O. Drawer 028, VANCOUVER, B. C. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
SHINGLE   MILL   MACHINERY.
Vancouver, B. C,
January jgth, 190a.
Mr. Frank L. Johnson, Sapperton, B. C.
Dear Sir:_
Replying to your enquiry of a few days
ago, as to how we liked the Improved "Johnson" Shingle Machine which we recently
purchased from the Schaake Machine Works,
wc are glad to be able to state that we are
much pleased with it.
We have had experience with a good
many styles of Shingle Machines, and
in our opinion this one is the best of
alt. The two important points in which
this machine excels all others is the style of
friction, and the method of driving the carriage, the former being very simple and
positive, and the latter improvements making the machine work very smooth and easy,
without any jar or jerk.
If we were building another mill we
would have no other kind ot machine.
Yours truly,
THE   SPICER   SHINGLE   MILL  CO.,
Limited.
H. H. SPICER, Manager.
Drag Saw Machines, Jack Works,
Log Haul-Ups, Log Haul-Up Chains,
Combined Log Dog Grip and Stops,
Friction Log Dog Grip Hoists,
Knee Bolters, Bolt Cutting Machines,
Swing Saw Cutting-off Machines,
Shingle Packers,
Dried Shingle Presses,
Shafting, Hangers, Bearings, Pulleys,
Pulley Flanges, Shaft Collars,
Shaft Couplings, Engines, Boilers,
Conveyor Chains, Etc. Etc., Etc., Etc.
Look into the merits and prices of our
machinery before pJacing your orders
"JOHNSON'S" IMPROVED UPRIGHT SHINGLE MACHINE
THE SCHAAKE MACHINE WORKS,
PORTLAND
CORDAGE
COMPANY
PRICE8—We quote you Cordage, subject to change without
notice, at the following basis prices f. o, b. factory:
Pure Manilla I3^c
Standard Manilla I2#c
See New Catalogue, Folio 8.
Sisal  10#c
See New Catalogue, Folio 20.
Tarred Am. Hemp
Marline, Ratline	
See New Catalogue, Folio 27.
Lath Yarn-double or single
See New Catalogue, Folio 23.
Terms—Sixty days ; cash discount, 2 per cent.
INVOICE DISCOUNTS.
2000-lb. invoices 2 per cent
5000-lb. invoices 3 per Gent
iooco-lb. invoices 5 per cent
Car Loads, Special.
PORTLAND
OREGON r
BRITISH   COLUMBIA  LUMBERMAN.
r
P. 0. BOX 377.
TELEPHONE 301.
WEBSTER BROS
I
Cor. Granville and Drake Sts.    VANCOUVER, B. C.
mim
.. THE..
LEADING
GROCERS
^
Lumbermen's, Loggers' and Miners'
Supplies given Special and Careful Attention
(
Bfl Vol.  I.]
VANCOUVER,  B. C,  FEBRUARY, 1904.
[No. 2.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦   ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦
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N. THOMPSON
x
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&C0.
VANCOUVER
BRITISH    COLUMBIA.
♦
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Founders,
Machinists,
Boilermakers.
♦
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GLASS
♦
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Plate Glass,
Fancy Glass,
Window Glass,
Ribbed Glass,
h
Rolled Plate Glass,   Prismatic Glass.
LOGGING, STATIONARY & MARINE ENGINES & BOILERS
♦
X
X
X
X
♦
♦
SAW MILL AND MINING MACHINERY.
♦
x
♦
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♦
Chipped, Sand Cut and Embossed Work.      t
Art Windows: Leaded & Metallic Glazed.      i
I
I
Repair Work of all Hinds Promptly Attended to ! j
Latest and most up-to-date shop in the North West.
♦
♦
♦
WM. N. O'NEIL & CO.
Importers
615 Pender St., Vancouver, B. C.
♦
x
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♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦<♦#,♦♦<>♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦<
ACME SHINGLE BANDS
?
We have just installed a plant fop culling: straight grained Bands that have ROUND EDGES, of uniform X
thickness and holes punched, one-third more Bands to the pound, have double the strength of those ♦
cut from sheets.   A neat appearance.   Does not rust or cut the hands.   Samples and Prices on Application.    +
♦
Headquarters for Logging Camp and Mill Supplies, Guns, Ammunition and Sporting Goods      ♦
^ _^_——— ♦
♦    bi.i run ill     ll.rrri \l   a    nn 9.R tn M PRiiripr street.  lf~~~~....~-    n     A     t
I McLENNAN, McFEELY & CO., u * !S * * S ■* Vancouver, B. C. f
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦< ..,[T     .   " "i'T ~>~nt.rV. r_Mae»¥—„..,i;,,T^CC
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
GALBRAITH
SONS
New Westminster, B. C.
MANUFACTURERS OF
$a$b, Doors, Blinds, ftJindows
ALL KINDS OF TURNED WORK A SPECIALTY.
Factory:  NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
THE
Canadian Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd.
PORT MOODY, B. C.
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in All Kinds of
B. G. LUMBER, LATH, MOULDINGS, Etc.
The largest Shed and Dry Kiln Capacity of any Mill In British Columbia.
■
special Attention Given to orders Address the Company at Port Moody, or
Irom Manitoba and the Territories BYRNES & CUDDY, Selling Agents, WINNIPEG
LONG DI8TANCE TELEPHONE CONNECTION
j\-, ■     ^

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