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British Columbia Lumberman Dec 30, 1904

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 British Columbia lumberman
D.   TODD LEES,    -.--   Business Manager
Office,   Markinnon   Uuildintf,   Granville   Street,   Vancouver,   B. C
Telephone 1196 P. O. Drawer 928
Terms or Subscription (Payable in Advance)
One year, Canada or the United States $1 00
One year, Foreign Countries    1 50
Advertising Rates on Application
Correspondence hearing upon any phase of the lumher industry
will he gratefully acknowledged, and discussion upon trade tubjecU
ii invited,
The British Columbia Lumberman is devoted to the lumber
and lumbering interests of the Province of Hritish Columbia, and is
issued between the aoth and ajth of each month. To lumber manufacturers, lumber dealers, saw mill or wood-working machinery agents
and manufacturers, no better advertising medium has ever been offered
in the West.
S&- "Persons corresponding with, advertisers in the Vritish
Columbia Lumberman will confer, a favor by giving the journal
ctedit fot such correspondence.
The opportunity comes but once a year for us to wish
our many friends and well-wishers all the compliments of
this festive season, and we desire at the same time to
convey to our patrons and subscribers our most grateful
thanks for the many favors accorded us during this the
first year of our pilgrimage. Wishing you all a happy
and prosperous new year.    THE EDITOR.
The year about to close will be a memorable
one among the lumbermen of British Columbia
for some time to come. It opened with the
brightest of prospects, but it closes with practically all the mills closed down for want of business and what business is offering is at such a
price that it does not pay the milimen to till the
The principal cause bringing about this disastrous condition of affairs has been he restdt
of American competition in British Columbia's
legitimate markets. Manitoba and the Territories, where approximately 150.000,000 feet of lumher has been virtually dumped into those markets
during the year. Local affairs have to some extent been influenced by internal dissention among
the members of the Lumber Association, whereby
an otherwise profitable market has been supplied
at a bare margin above the cost of production.
Early in the year it was confidently expected
that the Federal Government would realize the
needs of the lumbermen of Canada towards pre
serving to them the markets of the Northwest
by the imposition of a retaliative duty upon the
importation of American lumber into that territory, but, despite the many representations the
opposition of Manitoba and the Northwest Territories was strong enough to outweigh the arguments of the lumber interests and the Budget
was passed without ameliorating the unhappy
condition of the trade. The result has been that
millions of feet of American lumber has been
thrown into the Canadian market this year at
prices against which it would have been ruinous
for us to compete.
Within the last few weeks it has been public-
ally announced that among the local mills about
to close for want of business are those of the
Rat Portage Lumber Co., the Vancouver Lumber
Co., the Royal City Mills, the North Pacific Co.,
of Barnet, the Pacific Coast Lumber Co., Chew's
and Huntting & Lea's Shingle Mills. Roughly
these aggregate a daily cut of 400,000 feet of
lumber and over half a million shingles. Reports  have  reached  us  from  other parts  of  the
Province of the closing of mills and that in most
instances the close down is for an indefinite
period, generally, pending an improvement in
business conditions. By this practical • essation
of one of the Province's most important and
extensive industries, even for a few days—to say
nothing of weeks or possibly months—the Province will sustain a loss of thousands and thousands of dollars, from the effect of which it will
take a very long time to recover.
There is little of consolation to be drawn
from the existing condition of affairs, but still
there is one ray of hope. The curtailment which
must result from the shutting down of '•o many
mills may have a tendency to stiffen prices by
the absorption of such stocks as are already accumulated in the mill yards throughout the Province should these be drawn upon in the meantime, but such slight increase would do little towards righting a wrong inflicted upon the people
through the neglect, indifference or short-sightedness of the  Dominion Government.
— S A WS =—
File Room Machines and Tools	
Emery Wheels, Silver Solder, &c, &e.
R.   HOE   8c   Co.,   New York.
I   REPAIRS executed promptly by expert workmen.     INSERTED TOOTH SAWS REMILLED AND REFITTED.
WE    ARE    HERE    ON    THE    GROUND!
The Twentieth Century Saw
OVER 40,000 IN USE.
»    H
The Genuine is Made Only By
R. HOE & CO.,
504 to 520 Grand St
Catalogues with Prices and further particulars sent on application.
The arrangement so successfully carried out
this month by the calling of a meeting under
the auspices of the Vancouver Board if Trade
and inviting thereto several Provincial representatives to the Dominion House, who were passing through Vancouver, is to be highly commended. There is little doubt in our minds that the
result will be most beneficial to the lumber interests. An opportunity was there given to the
members-elect to fully understand the position of
the lumbering interests of this Province with
regard to the repeated request for the imposition
of a duty upon lumber imported into Canada
from the United States. It was clearly shown
that the request is a just one and the interest
displayed by the Members was an evidence that
they fully appreciate the existing conditions and
the absolute necessity that these be remedied at
the earliest possible moment. A full report of
the meeting appears elsewhere in these columns.
The present agitation for the imposition of a
duty is not by any means confined to British
Columbia, although this Province is the worst
sufferer for the lack of it. Information is to
hand that from nearly every part of the Dominion that representations have been made to
the Government for the early adjustment of the
tariff upon lumber importations, and the most
welcome news we have received in this connection is contained in the following telegram:
Calgarj^ Dec. 20.-—The Western Lumbermen's
Association convened here to-day and decided
to ask Parliament to impose a duty on rough
lumber. The Hoard of Trade endorses the movement under the assurance that no advance in
price would be made.
Manitoba and the Northwest Territories have
hitherto been the strongest opponents of the
lumbermen's appeal to the Government for relief
from unfair competition. That section of the
Dominion is now beginning to feel the effect of
the stagnation of our industry in the falling off
of the British Columbia market for its produce
and even the press of that district has within
the past few months been strongly advocating
the endorsation of the petition for the imposition of a duty on imported lumber, realizing no
doubt the value of a home market.
The delegates now about to go to Ottawa from
this Province may feel that their task is an easy
one, for they will be backed in their overtures
by almost every section of the Dominion, while
our own members more thoroughly understand
the position than they have hitherto done. This
time, however, they want and should have more
that "consideration," as nothing will satisfy the
people of British Columbia than immediate action.
In one of our earlier issues it will be remembered that we took exception to the remarks of
an influential journal published in Winnipeg,
when it expressed its views upon the all-important
subject of a duty upon lumber. The statements
made, were, as a matter of fact, hihgly prejudicial to the lumber interests of this Province
in particular and to the lumbering interests of
the Dominion in general, and was undoubtedly
supposed to voice the sentiments of the citizens
of the Prairie Province. Acting upon the assumption   that  the  views  then   expressed   were   those
commonly held, it is noteworthy that the blessings of free lumber do not. seem to have been as
widespread as one would have been given to believe, because the same journal, the "Cemmercial,"
of Winnipeg, during the last few months, has
taken the diametrically opposite views on the
matter. In our last issue we made an extract of
a letter, signed by "Edge Grain," which was published and editorially commented upon by the
"Commercial," and in the current issue we find
the following leading editorial upon the same
"Manitoba and the Territories want a convenient market for produce. Already large quantities of dairy products from Manitoba are bought
by British Columbia, and the Pacific Province is
an important market for Alberta producers. The
development of the British Columbia market is,
then, a matter of great importance to Manitoba
and the Territories, and undoubtedly the growth
of that market is retarded if not seriously threatened by the demoralization of the lumber industry in British Columbia, which is very largely,
if not entirely, due to the existing tariff.
"A few weeks ago we intimated that free lumber was not altogether an unmixed blessing, and
consequently investigation has confirmed us in
the opinion that the lumber industry should receive more protection. While the cry in Manitoba
and the Territories has been for cheap lumber,
it is a fact that this has resulted in seriously retarding the growth of their own particular market across the Rockies. The prosperity of British Columbia depends upon the development of
the natural resources of that Province, one of
the most important of which is languishing for
want of protection. It seems to us that merely
for the improved market for produce, Manitoba
and the Territories would almost find greater
protection of the lumber industry worth while.
"But the question is of wider importance. The
single aim cf every province should be the up-
In Five Sizes, from 54" to 96"
'fe^f Fa-Cp.
building of the Dominion as a whole. The United
States has proved the value of a home market.
By the development of a home market every province is eventually the gainer. Imports and exports are principally valuable as they build up
the domestic market. The farmer this fall realizes the value of a home market when he notes
the price of wheat across the border, sees himself
debarred from his own particular foreign market because Russia happens to be exporting very
heavily. It is the home market that counts, and
why, by the way, should we buy so much lumber
from the States, when they buy so little from us."
Coming at this time, when the agitation for a
duty on imported lumber is being made throughout the whole of Canada, if the sentiments expressed by the "Commercial" are to be taken as
those of the people of the Prairie Provinces, then
it would seem as if the lumbermen of the country had carried the day, as the obstructionists to
the request for a duty were to be found in the
influence wielded by the representatives of these
provinces, and but for them the duty would have
been imposed by the Federal Government before
the close of the last session. If the "Commercial"
can be enrolled as an advocate for the lumbermen's rights and it keeps the good work going,
there is little question but that a great deal of
the prejudice existing among business men of the
Prairie Capital will eventually be removed and
if that journal is sincere in its sentiments the
"British Columbia Lumberman" has a powerful
ally in its efforts to improve the conditions presently  surrounding  the    lumber    industry  of  this
In the September issue of the "British Colum-
Lumberman" a full account was given of the
plaint   of   the   British   Columbia    Lumber   &
ingle   Manufacturers'    Association,     tiled   with
Ilway Commissioners against    the    discrimina-
n of the Canadian Pacific Railway in its freight
tes   upon   cedar   lumber   shipped     from   Coast
bints   into   Manitoba.       Again     in   the   October
e  we   quoted  the  text  of  the  order  made  by
the   Commissioners,  commenting    thereon.      As
stated in that issue the C. P. R. immediately upon
the  issuance  of  the   order  by   the   Board   tiled   a
protest against that body's decision.    In view of
this protest, the following extract from  the current issue of "Industrial Canada" will be perused
with interest by our many readers:
Position of C. P. R.
Interest in this case has been increased by the
following letter addressed by the Canadian Pacific Railway to the Secretary of the Board of
Railway Commissioners, under date of November
nth: "I have the honor to say that a copy of
the order made by the Board of Railway Commissioners, on 3r>t October ultimo, upon the
application of the British Columbia Lumber &
Shingle Manufacturers' Association in reference
to this Company's rates for cedar, has been handed to me.
"I have the honor to point out to the Board
that as to that portion of this Company's system
which, in so far as relates to its Tariffs of Tolls,
i.s not subject to the control of the Board, the
Company cannot regard the said order as operative, but will treat it as relating only to that
portion of its system, over which, in such matters, the  Board has jurisdiction."
This letter was signed by the Fourth Vice-
President of the Canadian Pacific Railway. It
expresses that gentleman's opinion as to the jurisdiction of the Board and possibly the views
also of the law department of the Company,
Point To Be Decided.
The point to be decided is not "Has the Board
the power t<> make rates upon the mam line "I
the Canadian Pacific Railway?" I'he point is
"Has the Board the power through the Railway
Ad of 1903, under which it 1- performing it-
duties, of ordering the Canadian Pacific Railway
t" cease discriminating against, or in favor "t
particular commodities, individuals or localities?"
Ten   Per   Cent.   Clause.
There i- n<> question but that Parliament in
granting the charter t" the Canadian Pacific Railway disarmed it-elf of the power of making rates
upon the main line of the railway until it is earning ten per cent, of the cosl ol construction ot
that portion of the road. It is one ot those conditions which seem monstrous to-day< but was
intended tn make less doubtful what was thought
to be a somewhat  doubtful  -peculation.
Rate-making Power.
It may seem hard to disassociate, except by a
fine drawn distinction, a rate-making power from
the authority tn correct discriminations. In the
concession <'t a public franchise to a private corporation, particularly the railway franchise, which
is une form of a public highway, it i- expected
that the franchise will be operated (after assuring a fair return to the railway 1 111 such a manner
as to assure the best national results. Whether
a fair dividend i- assured or not, the legislature
cannot contract itself out of that oversight or
control of a public franchise, which i- required
to assure to all under the same circumstances
and condition-; precisely the same consideration
and treatment. The exemption from control
granted to the Canadian Pacific Railway does not
divest the people of Canada of the right to demand ami require equal consideration for individuals and ii" discrimination; the right to :nsist (as
the expression goes in the United Sta".'s) that
transportation everywhere shall be sold like postage stamps, that L, at the -ante price without
variation for the same service.
The  Exemption  Would  Apply.
The exemption, it might be stated, would apply where the public might be desirous ■•!' securing, upon the main line of the Canadian Pacific
Railway( a reduction in rate- with respect to some
particular commodity, such, for example, as
grain, which they (the public) mighl feel the
general and favorable -bowing ol the Company
would sufficiently warrant. In this case unless
the published rate- were abnormally or excessively high in themselves, and as compared with
other traffic handled upon the main line of the
Company, and as compared with similar rates
for similar services in similar territories elsewhere lying, they (the public) would not be entitled bv  right  to  reduced  rates.
Discrimination Against  Cedar.
The  lumber case  involves  the    discrimination
against cedar lumber. The discrepancies range
from ten to nineteen cents per hundred pounds.
They are confined, one might -ay. almost entirely to the rate- from Vancouver and Coast
mills into Manitoba. The freight- from Vancouver, etc., into the Territories do not -how a
similar discrimination. The rates from the Mountain mills do not -how the discrimination into
either Manitoba or the Territories. In the East
the same discrimination again-t cedar< though
possibly for other purposes, ha- been emphatically
disallowed by the Board,
Reason for Discrimination.
The real reason for the discrimination from the
Coast into Manitoba seems to be nothing more
or less than an agreement among the Canadian
Pacific, Great Northern and Northern Pacific
Railways to hold up cedar rate-, to what are
known as St. Patd and Winnipeg common points;
the Winnipeg common points including all South
em Manitoba.    It  may be in the interest of these
United   States   roads,   it   may   appear  in   their' jn.
terest, to thus discriminate,   The difficulties from
the  manufacturers'  standpoint  are  not  as acut
on tlie other side of the line, because then   is
little or no cedar shipped except high gi
Their common cedar and cedar cull are onv
into shingles,
What Justifies C. P. R.-
There  i- nothing to justify  the discrimination
on  the part  of the  Canadian   Pacific.     In de:,
the right of the  Board to order that a discrimination,  which  they, after investigation,  find exist
to cease to exist, seems to be merely a postpone
ment of the day  when the order shall  finalh  be
made   operative.     The   railway     i-   not   carrying
common   and   cull   cellar   lumber   on   the   pre     il
rate-,   though(   no   doubt,   a   large   trade   could   be
done on the present fir rati'-.    What reason then
can the railway management have for persevering
in what an impartial tribunal ha- held to be a discrimination   ami,   therefore,   an   unreasonable    k
tii m ?
Relations  With  the  Public.
The relation between the railways cud the
public may be an harmonious one, it may be one
ot frequent disagreements, In any case the rail
ways require reason upon their side. The public
po-M'ss the power and might be incited to exercise it to curtail the privileges of railway ion-,
Power of Board.
That the Board believes itself to be clothed
with    the   power    to   deal    with    this   question   it-
decision  clearly shows.
'fhe ruling of the late Chairman of the Board,
the Honorable A. G. Blair, wa- equally '.mphatic,
when expressed some three or four month- ago
when tin- matter was iir-t brought before the
attention of the Board. The decision of the
Honorable Mr. Blair 1- supported by the following quotation from Professor McLean'- report
of the year [002: "A question which come- up
in thi- connection j- the assumed impossibility
ot regulating the rate- of the Canadian Pacific.
While the general rates cannot be regulated until
a dividend of io per cent. 1- obtained -in other
word- never there i- im power conferred tn
charge unreasonable rates or to make preference-;
in tin- respeel this Company would be subject
to  regulation."
Opinion of C. P. R. Counsel.
Xo authority, however, should appeal to the
Canadian Pacific Railway Company like the authority of it- own solicitor in Vancouver, Mr.
E. B. Davis, K. C. whose remarks in concluding
his argument- in thi- case are quoted as follows:
"So far as discrimination i.- concerned, I wish
to urge thi-. that the Board. I submit would be
limited   to  directing   that   the   discrimination   I"'
removed,   but   would   not   be   in   a   position   to  -ay
you -hall only charge so much mi this particular
thing.     That   1-,   they   could   make   an   order   that
that discrimination should be wiped out, but the
method of removing thi- discrimination I submit
would be left to the Company."
Difficult to Understand Position of C. P. R-
It i- difficult to understand the attitude oi the
Company with regard to this case. It may have
reasonable arguments to sustain its position, oi
which, so far, neither the public, the Railway
Commission nor the parties immediately interested  have been  informed.
What  Will the  Board Do?
The Railway Act docs not provide the Board
with the machinery to give effect to its order.
The Board has the power under section 2?) ™
the Act oi imposing for each offence (discrimination) a tine or penalty upon the railway ot not
more than $1,000 nor less than $J0o. It has also
the right to consent to the party wronged entering action  for the recovery of treble damages. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN 5
ALEXANDER MACLAREN, President H. DePENCIER, Manager    f
■ ■■TnCi ■■
North Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd.
BARN EX,   B.   C.
e<AumV»a Fir. Spruce and
^     LUMBER     V
Mills on Burrard Inlet and Canadian Pacific Railway
%*    HUGH MoDONALD, President L. A. LEWIS, General Manager    ^
Brunette Saw Mill Co., Ltd.
* (P. O. Address, SAPPERTON, B. C.) *
* =======
Lumber, Shingles, Boxes, Mouldings
4* You need not go elsewhere; we supply all kinds of British Columbia Lumber <$•
i It pays to order Lumber, Shingles, Mouldings, Laths, Doors, Etc., In ijf
•f; mixed carloads, as you can then keep less on hand, and ordering <i
•^ in this way you get quicker shipment      J
| ====— J
$ Saw Mill, Planing Mill, Shingle Mill and Box Factory on C.P.R. and Fraser River, at Sapperton * W"~
worrespoi>aei>oe       |
Prom our Special Correspondents,
A British Columbia Mill Man's Views.—Big Pole
Contracts in Prospect.—Successful Season
for Local Lumber Companies.—Work
in the Woods will be the Largest
on Record.
Winnipeg. Man., Dec. io.—-The condition of the
lumber manufacturing interests in British Columbia is a matter for the grave consideration of the
trade according to the statements made by prominent lumbermen of that province. That the production of lumber has been overdone can be more
than inferred, though the expectations are that
next season will see an improvement in the situation.
A  Leitch, of Cranbrook,  B.  C.  who  has been
a visitor to the city, states that   the  business  so
far  as  the  manufacturer  is  concerned  is  not   by
any means encouraging, as there is a decided depression in  the  trade  all  through  the  west.     Mr.
Leitch is a shareholder in  the    East    Kootenay
Lumber  Company,   which   operates   mills   in   the
Crow's Nest district.    He states that business this
season decreased hy about one-half over that of
last  season, due in  a great, measure to over-production during the two previous seasons.    Many
;w mills were started  on account  of the  pros-
cctive big demand in  Manitoba and the North-
fest  Territories,  but   this   trade   has  either  been
ipplied from other sources or has not come up
expectations.     Extensive   shipping  of   Ameri-
in lumber into Southern Manitoba has, accord-
|g to Mr. Leitch, cut off a big demand for the
ritish Columbia article, and while the majority
; the  mills  are  hanging  on,  quite  a   few  which
Irmerly ran  all winter are closing    down    now
)d will remain idle until next spring.
'Speaking  of  the  prospects,    Mr.    Leitch    said:
Vhile  I  consider that the  amount  of stock  on
land  in   British   Columbia  has  considerably  discounted the demand for the next couple of years.
there are indications that next season will see an
improvement   in   the   demand   in   the   Territories
and Manitoba.    There has not been much serious
damage to the limits by fire in  our section during the past summer, notwithstanding the reports
which   were   sent   out   concerning   alleged   disastrous conflagrations.    The parts destroyed by the
fire were in the majority of cases old tracts which
had been worked over.   The damage to the green
standing timber is very light  so  far  as we  can
judge  without   actually  going  over  the  ranges."
Prospects for Pole Contracts.
Contractors in the West who have made a specialty of taking out poles for railroad^ telegraph and
telephone companies are much  interested in  the
announcement made recently that charters are being sought by three companies, which propose to
enter  the  field   now  covered   almost   exclusively
in Canada by the Bell Telephone Company, which
has a capital of twenty    millions.    A    Dominian
charter is being applied for by Lawyer Hal  Me-
Givern, of Ottawa, Ont., for unnamed clients, who
intend  to establish telephone enterprises in  Ontario,   Manitoba  and   the  Northwest  Territories.
Potts & Hubbard of Winnipeg, have given notice
of an application to be made at the next session
of the Manitoba Legislature for a charter enabling their clients to build and operate    a    local
and  long distance  telephone  system  in  the  province.    Hough,  Campbell & Ferguson have also
given notice that at the next session of the Manitoba   Legislature   they   will   apply   for   a   charter
giving their clients similar powers.    It is said that
the people behind these applications are wealthy
capitalists in  every case, and the indications arc
that Canada is on the eve of unprecedented activity in telephone construction.
Red Deer Lumber Company.
0. A. Robertson, president of the Red Deer
Lumber Company and the Northwest Colonization Company, is in the city, accompanied by A.
S. Burrows, vice president of the company. Both
these gentlemen reside m St. Paul, but will re
mam in the city till after the annual meeting of
the organizations with which they are connected
have held their annual meetings thi- month. The
Red Deer Company is one of the most successful
nf the lumber concerns operating in the Territories and for the past two seasmis has taken nut
large cuts. It has a large saw null located at Red
Deer, Alta., and its limits are sufficient tn last
some  years.
Sprague Mill Finishes Season.
The Sprague Mill Company's mill in this city
has closed down for the winter, after having turned out the largest cut in its history, about nine
million feet. The machinery nf the mill is to be
overhauled during the winter and several improvements are to be added to the plant. The
Sprague Company has made marked progress dur
ing the past two years in the erection of sheds for
the storage nf finished lumber and two immense
buildings for this purpose have been finished dur
ing the season wdiich has inst closed. The company has sent a large force of men to the woods
this winter and will take out more logs than ever
Favorable Season for Work.
Lumbermen in this district art' exceedingly
pleased with the conditions which have characterized the work in the woods so far and the indications are that the amount nf wnrk done this
winter will far exceed that nf any previous season. The opening operations in the way nf cutting roads were favored by bright, frosty weather. The ground was well frozen before the
snow came three weeks ago. The snowfall has
not been too heavy tn make the wnrk inconvenient but it has been sufficient tn make hauling in
the bush easy.
Lumber Thieves Are Punished.
Recently the Canadian Pacific Railway Company has been subjected tn a great deal nf annoyance through theft of lumber from their
yards, the offence being committed principally by
Europeans, who when confronted with the charge
maintained that they were not aware that it was
a crime to take lumber from a railway company.
It has been decided by the company to adopt
harsher methods in connection with thi- condition of things for the future and already several
individuals have been "up against it" in the police court here. One of the latest offenders,
George Finney, has been sent to jail for three
months, and John Kluckorski and Mike Klein
have been heavily fined by the magistrate.
New Station Almost Ready.
The new station for the Canadian Pacific Railway here will be handed over t" the company by
the contractors. Peter Lvall & Sons on January
1st. 1905. The structure is now almost completed
and the work will be continued on the hotel during the winter. It will be completed a year from
next January.
Continued  Mild Weather  in Toronto  Good  for
Trade.—Legislative Changes Will be Good
For Ontario.—Death of Mr. John Bertram a Loss to the Community.
Toronto, Ontario, Dec. 16. Owing to the
continued fine and comparatively mild
weather there has been an unusually large
volume of building here during the late fall with
a brisk demand for lumber. Prices are generally
firm, with an upward tendency in the lower grades
the higher grades being somewhat, weaker.    Deal
ers however show a disposition to buy cautiously
and avoid carrying over large stocks.
In outside places the demand has been quiet •■
The   season   has   been   notable   owing   to   th"
crease     in   the     importations of    Southern
winch  1- being  very largely used, and iln i,   ire
no signs of any decrease in this tendency,   I
are   scarce  and   have  steadily  increasing m  ■   . ,
the   manufacturers   having   but   small   quantities
on hand and a further rise in prices is antici; .•■ 1
shortly.    The quantity of shingles on the market
is  limited.       Box    lumber is a good deal so
after   and  an   advance   in   prices  is   looked   for  on
account   of  the   increasing  demand.
Decreased Log Output.
It appears certain that this seasons output .if
logs will show a considerable shortage as compared with previous years. All the operators mi
the Georgian Bay have smaller camps than last
year, The American demand shows signs of improvement ami manufacturers anticipate that extensive Orders will shortly be received from that
quarter. A leading Georgian Ray operatoi recently made a sale of 3,000,000 feet at a considerable advance over the rates current
in the earlier part of the season. Should
a marked revival ot this trade set in, a considerable advance in prices may be looked for a- the
shortage in the Georgian Ray output is estimated at from 2$ tn 30 per cent. Reports from the
Rat Portage District, however, indicate that the
cut  will be considerably  heavier than la-t season.
Legislative Changes.
Recent changes in the    Ontario    Government
may have an important bearing on the lumber
industry. A reorganization of the Ross administration has taken place some of the political
Jonahs having been thrown overboard, Lliliu
J. Davis, late Commissioner of Crown Lands,
twice unseated for corruption, ha- been retired,
his place being taken bv llmi. Alex. G. Mackay.
of North Grey, a young man of comparatively
little experience in pubjlic affairs. Hon. William A. Charlton, late Speaker of the House
and a leading lumberman, was prominently mentioned in connection with the position, which
he was well qualified to fill, but it wa- felt that
hi- relations with the Government a- an exten-
tive holder nf timber limit- presented an insurmountable objection to his accepting a position
in which he would be called upon to decide questions arising between the Government and the
limit holders. Instead of taking the Crown
Lamb, therefore he wis appointed Commissioner
of Public Work-, but there is no doubt that his
expert knowledge of the lumber industry will
enable him to make hi- influence felt in connection with the Government's timber policy, lb'
is more familiar than any other man in the
Legislature with the timber growing region- "t
Xew Ontario,
In thi- connection it may be of interest to
note, as showing the perfunctory character ol
the administration as regards the Provincial timber resources, that on March 12th. toot. Mr.
Charlton, then a private member of the Legislature, made a speech in which he estimated the
total quantity of white pine timber on lands under license at S.ooo.ooo.ooo feet b. m. and 'he timber on the rest of the Crown domain at
26,000.000,000 feet in all 34,000,000,000 feel
enough, as he said, to last 150 years without taking re-growth  into account.
Three  years  later  Hon.   P.. -J.  Davis,  Commissioner  of  Crown   Lands,  speaking on  February
r8th,   [004,  estimated  the   white  pine  remaining
unsold   at     10.000,000,000     feet.     Mr.     Chant
speech, made in the interests of the Government,
went unchallenged at'the time, was accepts
Davis  and  his  colleagues  as  an  expert  pre-nation  of the case    and yet  three years later, alter,
as it is claimed, surveys  and    explorations
proved   the   existence   of   additional   pine   area.
the   responsible   official   puts   the   pine  timber a
if, billion  feet less than   Mr. Charlton's .un°mr£
estimate.    Isn't  this a nice state of affairs.       '
Provincial   Government   is  never  tired  of  »oa BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
ing of its Crown Lands policy and our vast timber resources and yet is so slack and unbusinesslike in its methods that it has never had anything like an estimate of the extent of those
resources other than the sheerest guess-work. If
Mr. Charlton was right—and he has the reputation of knowing as much as any man on this
question—then Mr. Davis displayed a degree of
ignorance and inattention to his duties, surprising even in a member of the Ross Cabinet.
Contemplated Changes Governing Timber Lands.
It is altogether probable that sonic changes in
the timber policy will shortly be made as a result of the reconstruction of the Cabinet. Their
nature is foreshadowed in a couple of resolutions
adopted  at  the   Liberal-Conservative j
adopted at the Liberal Convention held November 2.3rd and 24th in Toronto to help Mr. Ross
in formulating a policy. The first of these is
to the effect that before any more timber or pulp
wood is sold, enquiry should be made by the
Government to ascertain whether some method
might not be adopted by which the mature timber could be disposed of; to be cut under the
direction of forest rangers, leaving the remainder
to be cut when sufficiently matured for market
and favoring the adoption of the forest reserve
system on all lands unfit for agriculture on which
pine has been cut. The second deals with the
pulpwood question and urges that in future concessions north of the Height of Land, where large
pulpwood areas and numerous water powers exist,
both should be submitted to public auction jointly, the purchaser to pay a bonus for right of
occupation and an annual rental for the water-
power as well as dues on the pulpwood. The
manner in which pulpwood concessions have
hitherto been granted has given rise to numerous
scandals, and it is to be hoped that public opinion
will be strong and persistent enough to force
a change in the direction indicated, even in the
face of "political exigencies" and the readiness
of favored corporations to subscribe handsomely
to the Government corruption fund. In fairness
however, it must be said that the Opposition are
by no means blameless in the matter as in the
past they have supported some of the most
flagrant of these pulpwood deals.
A Loss to the Community.
The lumber industry and the community generally have sustained a great loss by the death
of John Bertram of this city. President of the
Collins Inlet Lumber Co. and of the Rertram
Engine Works of Toronto at the age of 67, Mr.
Rertram was a public-spirited, many-sided man
and made his influence widely felt as a factor
of progress in many directions. As a lumberman
he was thoroughly in sympathy with the movement for forest preservation, and brought his
practical experience to bear upon the problem
as to how the forests could be retained as a
future source of supply without endangering
present interests or unduly hampering industry.
His own extensive limits on the north shore of
the Georgian Ray were regularly operated on forestry principles, only the larger trees being cut.
He rendered the Ontario Government signal service as a member of the Ontario Forestry Commission in 1897, the recommendations of which
as to the setting aside of forest reserves formed
the basis of the policy subsequently adopted by
the Government-latterly his attention was more
largely absorbed by the engine works and the
extensive shipbuilding industry, of which be was
the head. He was chairman of the Dominion
Transportation Commission, his labors in connection with which were brought to a premature
dose by the illness which resulted in his death.
He leaves a large family. His son Melville is
Vice-President  of the  Collins  Tnlet   Lumber  Co.
Imperial Discrimination.
The attention of the Dominion Government
has been called to the obstacles which attend
their efforts to push Canadian trade in
Great Britain by reason of the 1.1
tense       conservatism       which       prevails
official circles as regards trade matters.
An extensive Rritish timber merchant in travelling in Rritish Columbia noticed some fine timber being prepared for ship decks for the United
States Navy. He conceived the idea that business could be done with the British Admiralty
in this class of timber, and on his return to
England made enquiries, but found that the specifications in use for Admiralty contracts called
specially for Swedish timber and that none other
would be accepted. No tender for Canadian
timber he was told would be looked at in that
quarter. Further investigation showed that the
same absurd regulation prevailed in connection
with some of the great railway companies, Swedish timber alone being called for in their contracts. Strong representations will be made to
the Imperial Government as to the unfairness
and impolicy by thus discriminating against the
Canadian product.
To Get Over the Anti-Dumping Clause.
The Disston Saw Works, the headquarters of
which are at Philadelphia, is compelled to establish a branch factory in Toronto in order to escape the Anti-Dumping Clause and retain its
customers among Canadian mill men. Meanwhile the latter though debarred from buying
cheap as a protection to the iron and steel interests have no anti-dumping clause or other
legislative protection for their home market, but
are compelled to face the keenest competition in
a slaughter house market. No protection for
So Goes the Lumber Market on the Sound—Approach of Winter Puts An End to Building Operations—Lumbermen and
Railroads—Japs as Shingle
Seattle, Dec. 16.-—The mood of the lumber
market is ever varying. Complaints are heard
from one quarter to-day, while others are satisfied
with present conditions. But before you have
time tc investigate the cause for these virying
conditions the tables are turned and the corn-
plainer has become satisfied while the one who
was formerly content has found a<tw reasons for
complaint. A few months ago the mills supplying the cargo trade were complaining bitterly,
while the local and ml trade had little ur no
cause for complaint. To-day the cargo mills^ are
busy with orders and securing fairly good prices,
while the rail trade is in favor of closing the mills
in order to await better prices. The local_ trade
keeps up well in spite of the falling off in the
local demand.
Building Operations Suspended.
During the past month there has been no important work started in Seattle, and owners do
not care to begin important improvements at
this time, but are closing up business for the year.
However, from the architects offices it is learned
that nearly $5,000,000 worth of local improvements in the shape of new buildings are contemplated by owners for the coming year, and
that Seattle will have a year of heavy building
construction, the like of which may not be enjoyed again for several years. Among the proposed buildings are several skyscrapers, and
judging from the names of the owners and their
standing in the community, it is likely that the
bulk of the work planned will go ahead. Much
work is still progressing, but it is evident that
very little new work will be undertaken before
February of next year. Tn view of these conditions and in the hope that the increased local
demand of next, year will somewhat stimu ate
the business. An advance in the local price list,
to take effect early next year, is being talked of,
but so far no definite policy has been settled
upon In Spokane the-Lumbermen's Association
has appointed a committee to look into the matter and see if prices cannot, be raised, and in other
Hardwoods and Decorative Timbers
Railway Ties, Dock Building and Piles.
Our Iron Woods for Railway Ties
Australian Decorative Timbers are Unrivalled!
Agent for Caanda and Washington 1
P. 0. Box 909
points, as Portland and Tacoma, the move towards a raise is strong and it is thought that
some united action should now be taken. There
is very little complaint of car shortage at pres "lit.
the railroads having apparently bee.i abb to ;up-
ply much of the present, de nan J for emp.es.
But it is lively the next legishure will < pact
laws to compel the railroads to g.''<: ihe lumbermen better service and better treatment in the
future. Among the laws which the lumbermen
hope to have passed is one which will be known
as the Reciprocal Demurrage bill.
Lumbermen and Railroads.
It appears that the item of demurrage on cars
is a big one. The lumber companies as a rule
have to wait sometimes for weeks before they
secure cars ordered, and when they do get them
they are allowed but 24 hours in which to load
them and must pay $1 for each day over that
time. The same condition holds good in unloading. The delay in getting cars just when
wanted is working a great hardship on lumbermen and is the cause of the loss of hundreds
of dollars. Hence the bill they will introduce to
compel the railroad companies to pay them $1.00
for every day that elapses over 48 hours from
the time a car is ordered until they get it. Another bill will compel the railroad companies to
move a car after it has started at a certain rate
of speed, instead of allowing it to lie on sidetracks along the road for days at a time. Another bill which is deemed of much importance
is to provide for the matching of grooved material, such as flooring. The lack of a uniform
system of flooring matching among the Western
Washington mills is constantly causing losses to
the mills of this State in the Eastern Markets.
Another bill will provide for a uniform grading
of lumber. There is a law in force now that
to some extent covers this feature, but the new
bill will seek to remedy some of the deficiencies
in that bill. The railroads will probably put. up
a vigorous fight to have some of these bills
defeated, and it is hoped that these efforts will
be the means of having the 40-cent rate granted.
Good Prospects for Cargo Trade.
At Bellingham, Everett, Tacoma and Seattle
vessels are now loading lumber for the Far
East, Australia, South America and Europe. The
outlook for the cargo trade for next year is reported to be good, with the popularity of our
fir and cedar in foreign countries constantly
growing. The Bellingham mills supply a large
trade in Melbourne and other Australian cities,
and recently the heads of the firm of Ferguson,
Limited, Fremantle, West Australia, ordered 4,-
000,000 feet of fir timber. South America is
making growing demands on the lumber resources of this State, and even to China several
cargoes have been shipped this year. Much importance is attached to the efforts now being
made by shingle manufacturers and lumbermen 8
Hastings  Saw   Mill,  Vancouver Royal City Saw and Planing: Mills, Vancouver
Moodyville Saw Mill, Burrard Inlet Royal City Saw and Planing: Mills, New Westminster
! Flooring
| Siding
! Factory Stock K,LN DRIED F,R
S Ceiling
1 Stepping )
Base I
Casings j
Mouldings )
Jambs i
Finish |
Dimension Lumber of all Kinds
x   IM...VHO.V..   a-un.uv.    v.   «..   „...uo-—iffr  (1(1(1   CCdaf . BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
E. H. HEAPS & CO.,
Lath, Shingles, Doors, Mouldings, Etc
Cedar Bevelled Siding, Cedar Door and Sash Stock, cut to size, Cedar Finish, Base, Casing, Newels, Balusters,
Etc.   Douglas Fir Timber up to 85 feet In length.
Cedar Gove Mill, Vancouver, 6. 6.
Ruskin Mill, Ruskin, B. 6.
to send the products of their mills by the all-
water route. The single shipment sent to New
York via Cape Horn on an American-Hawaiian
steamer, may not prove a solution of the rate
problem, but if Others can be induced to ship
similar cargoes, it will ultimately tend to relieve
the market. With the completion of the Panama
canal it will probably be a paying venture, and
the Atlantic Coast cities may then become our
best customers.
Japs Buying  Shingle  Mills.
The Japanese syndicate i.s still buying shingle
mills in Whatcom county, and as fast as acquired
Japanese crews are being put to work. If this
goes on it will eventually put out of work several thousand well paid men, and the merchants
in the respective localities are bound to suffer
from this change, but there is no sentimentality
displayed by I he new Jap managers. They find
they can reduce the wage expense more than
one-half, and as soon as their Jap crews learn
the business they will get as much work out of
them as they could out of white labor. Shingle
mill manufacturers in other parts of the State-
arc said to be considering hiring Japanese crews,
and in order to accomplish this change quietly,
without any trouble, it is said they are considering making "bogus" sales to the Japs. Three
reasons are assigned by the shingle manufacturers as the cause for the small profits in the
shingle industry at present; one is the high wages
which must be paid for labor; second, the strong
competition among the milimen themselves, and
third, the constantly increasing cost of getting
raw material. It is stated repeatedly that the
Washington milimen cannot compete with their
Hritish Columbia brethren as regards quality, the
supply in British Columbia being more abundant
and of a better quality. There is, however, many
a bright spot in these disturbed conditions. the
Weyerhaeuser's now operating mills in Everett,
and running full time, and are so satisfied with
conditions  that  they  intend  to build  other  mills
in Eastern Washington, and will in addition
erect a large shipyard at St. Johns on the Oregon
side of the Columbia river. The company has
ceased its logging operations in Clarke county
for the present, and are now holding their logs
for a future market. Much of the timber will,
however, be wanted before long, as the demand
for logs in that section is very strong. The
camps along the Lewis River in Clarke County
have been in continual operation for nearly two
years, and the output has been more than 200,000
feet daily. The logs have been transported on
logging railroads and dumped in large storage
ponds above Vancouver. Before starting up
again next spring the logging roads will be extended into new territory.
Logging Operations.
On Gray's Harbor the demand for logs is so
brisk that the Poison Logging Co., one of the
largest concerns in that section, has decided to
open three new logging camps soon after the
first of the year. The company has already ordered four miles of track and is ordering other
equipment. Two hundred more men will be employed, making in all 550 men to be employed
in the camps of that concern after the first of
the year.
Salmon Bay, which is the inner harbor of Ballard, is full of both fir and cedar logs, and one
company alone has about 7,000,000 feet of cedar
in the booms in the harbor. Tn face of these
conditions the price of cedar logs remains stationary, the price being $/.?o for logs, with
shingles selling for $1.35 to $140 for stars and
20 cents more for clears. Some cutting is being
done by a few outsiders, and in order to freeze
them out the Loggers' Association at a meeting
held in Seattle,. November 26th. took measures
to lead them a merry chase.. It was unanimously
decided to cut the price on all grades of logs
except No. 2. The cut affects merchantable and
flooring stock.    The price on merchantable was
reduced from $7 to $6.50, and flooring stock from
$9 to $8. It is understood to be on these two
classes that the outsiders have been getting the
regular prices. 	
Many New Mills.
Many new sawmills are preparing to start up
throughout the entire Northwest. The Weyerhaeusers intend to build a number of mills in
Latah County, Idaho. Railroads will first be
built in order to reach the immense holdings of
the Minnesota lumber king located in Latah and
adjoining counties. J. W. Blodgett, the Michigan lumber millionaire, has purchased the $1,000,-
000 increase in the Booth-Kelley Lumber Co. of
luigene, Ore., and is preparing to extend operations on a large scale.
Quite a number of new mills will be built and
double-shifts in the present mills will mean quite
an influx of people into Lane County. The company owns $1,800,000 worth of timber in Lane
County. The saw mills in the northern part of
Clarke County are also preparing to start up in
the near future, with plenty of logs on hand and
a sufficient number of orders to keep them busy
the balance of the winter. At Kelso the Washington Cedar Shingle Co., capacity 120,000 a day,
has just started up, with good prospects of a
steady winter's work ahead. In Everett all the
mills are busy and running on full time. At
South Bend the Columbia Box and Lumber Co.
has outgrown its present plant and is preparing
to erect a new and larger one.
At the annual meeting of the directors of the
Lumber Manufacturers' Agency, held in Centralia,
November 23rd, all the mills with the exception
of one, renewed their contracts for the ensuing
year. The results of the agency for the past
year were highly satisfactory and the success of
the entireprise is unquestioned.
A New Shingle Machine.
The Sumner Iron Works in Everett has added
a new machine of great value to the shingle in- 10
dustry of the country to its products. It is an
Upright shingle machine, the feature of which
is ;t "grainer" which make- it possible to save
considerable lumber in the manufacture ol
shingles. For instance, if the sawyer ascertains
that there is a knot at either end of the block
upon which the machine is Working, he can by
simply shifting a lever change the saw so that
tin- knot will be in the tip instead of the butt
of the shingle. M. Chambers, of Portland, who
saw one ol the machines in operation the other
day, has ordered seven of the new machines.
The Vancouver correspondent of the Victoria
Colonist reports under recent date that "another
enormous timber deal, which makes all other big
deals pale into insignificance, is being negotiated.
Men are here from Michigan for the purpose of
buying 400,000 acres of standing timber, tir and
cedar, or about 600 miles of limits. It is said the
negotiations are the direct results of the recent
big purchase by the Atland Syndicate, Michigan.
To prevent complications, details of the proposition were withheld. The scheme of the syndicate, however, is to purchase the cedar and fir
held under the pulp limit act. Thus the timber
will be secured through the pulp companies, and
not by lease or license direct. The reason given
for this enormous purchase is, that under the
iresent laws of British Columbia, timber must
be manufactured in the Province and mills must
be erected to manufacture it. and when the l'ana-
a canal is mien for navigation, such a tremen-
ous stimulus will be given to the lumber in-
Ustry that timber will be greatly increased in
Investigation   into  the  matter-  concerning  the
rive report shows us that a very wealthy syn-
cate is desirous of joining issues with  some of
e pulp companies holding limit- under the spec-
clauses  oi the   Land  Act  111   force  up  to July
st.  with  the  view  ul   arranging  with  them  and
[th the Government t<> take from the former the
fcedar,  tir and  other  timber on   their concessions
not suitable to the manufacture of pulp.    The syndicate,   realizing   the   future   possibilities   of   the
lumber  industry  of  this   Province, is prepared tn
put up a cas'h bund tn the Government, of not less
than $100,000 tn show their bona tides, and as soon
as   arrangement-   are   perfected   will   proceed   tn
erect a mill of large capacity for  the purpose of
entering  the  export   trade  oi   British   Columbia.
If   this   syndicate   receives  just   treatment,   which
we believe it will,  the  scheme  will  be a valuable
one for the Province.
Americans are exhibiting a deeper interest in
the preservation of the remaining forestry area of
the country than ever before, Speaking of the Forestry Congress tn lie held in Washington the first
week in January next, Bradstreet's says: It will
be the endeavor of those attending tn establish a
broader understanding of the relations of the forest tn the great industries depending upon it; tn
advance the conservative use of forest resources
for both the presenl and future need- of those
industries, and to stimulate and unite all efforts
tn perpetuate the forest as a permanent resource
nf the nation. It is expected that men of pmmi
nencc from almost every State in the Union will
be numbered among the delegate- tn the congress.
Representatives will be present from the various
departments nf the National Government whose
activities bear any relation t" forestry work, and
from associations which are in any way inten -t-
ed in the efforts of the congress. The proceedings
of the meeting will possess a degree of interest
for the general public such as could not have been
felt in the days which forestry conventions were
doing   their  pioneer   work.
From Beaton comes the report that at Burr &
Bush's logging camp, 22 nun are now being employed, and that the timber being cut, 1- ot excellent quality.
Vancouver  Board of Trade  Held  An Important
Meeting—Attended by Representatives
of the Dominion House.
Taking advantage of the presence of several
members elect tn the Dominion House in Van
COUver, the Board nf Trade, thi- city, called a
special meeting oi the members on Monday
morning, ,-th inst. There was a large and influential gathering and there can be no doubt
that the Provincial representatives present go to
Ottawa  fully  impressed  with  the  importance  of
the  subject  discussed.
The notice calling the meeting stated its purport was t<> discuss and explain tn the M. P.'s-
elect the absolute necessity for placing a duty
upon lumber imported into Canada from the
United  State-.
The chair was taken by Mr. 11. McDowell,
president oi the Board nf Trade. In calling the
meeting to order. Mr. McDowell -tated that it
hail been brought about with a view to urging
the Federal Government to aid the lumbering industry by the  imposition  of a  protective  tariff.
The Necessity of a Duty Apparent.
Mr. J. G. Scott, manager of the Pacific Coast
Lumber Company, was the first speaker on the
question, lie -aid that the matter had been gone
over SO often that there was little new tn he
said concerning it. The question had nut changed
since representations were last made to Ottawa,
except that adverse conditions had become more
aggravated. He briefly referred tn the fact that
the lumber mills in the Southern State-, using
black and convict labor, were making Eastern
Canada the dumping-ground of their product,
The imports of lumber into Canada, said Mr.
Scott, are increasing. Where in too,? the total
imports aggregated 60,000,000 feet, the record for
1004 shows that the importations will reach 140,-
000,000 feet, and the prospects are that the increase will steadily advance utile-- protection is
afforded the  Canadian industry.
A Question of Markets.
Mr. C. M. beecher. Assistant General Manager
of the B, C. Mills, Timber and Trading Company,
remarked in beginning that the gravity of the
situation was attested by the very large meeting,
which included representatives nf all classes oi
business, lie -aid that it was impossible for
the lumber and shingle manufacturers nf British
Columbia tn run their plant- profitably when
shipments were being forced from the United
States on the only market that British Columbia
had. It was perhaps right that the duty should
have been removed on pitch pine at the time it
wa-. but that necessity ha- now been done away
with, for, with the completion oi the ('. p. R.,
it wa- possible tn get any quantities nf Douglas
fir for the same work in the East, and the fir
was a much beter wood. Mr. Beecher mentioned
the fact that it wa- very difficult tn compete with,
the manufacturer in the United Mate-, who had
a market nf So,000,000 people, besides Hawaii, the
Philippines, Alaska and Canada, while Canadian
manufacturer- had tn -hare their only market in
Canada  with  the  Americans.
Cost  of  Equipment.
He -aid that where a mill would cost between
$250,000   and   $300,000   in   Canada,   in   the    United
State- the amount would be hut $200,000 or
$225,000. Thi- extra cost is caused by the duty
mi machinery, and if the plant is boughl in Canada, the pric( is the same, for the duty is added.
Supplies are also from  15 t'1 25 per cent, more,
because nf the duty given the products nf the
farmer in the Territories. The millman's greatest
difficulty was tn get rid nf hi- common lumber
in a market which was so restricted Many mills
found themselves in financial difficulties in relying
upon rough lumber a- an asset, for which there
was no market, and rough lumber formed from
75 to So per cent, of the whole production. Were
the Canadian market held for Canadian- there
would be little trouble in disposing nf this pari
ol the product,   The opposition tn th,. ,1,,^
largely  from   the  farmers,  and   while  then
reason for tree lumber years ago, it i- (tifi
now.    There  are  mill-  all  over  the  COunti \
Ral  Portage to the Coast, the capacity ol
1- much beyond the possible home consumi
By  a   natural   law   the  competition   would
prices down
Mr. I bmcan Ross, M. P. for Yale Cariboo,
ed   at   about   what   price   lumber   was   deliver.
Winnipeg ami wa- informed by Mr. Beecher
the juice was about $18, $11 or $12 of u
went   t"  pay   freight   charge-.
The Retailer.
"Do you -ell only tn the 'combine?'" Mr   1
a-ked, and   Mr.   Beecher  -aid  there  wa- no
bine."    It  wa- legitimate in all avenues of •
tn deal  with   the  consumer^    through  retai    -.
without whom it would be a direct impossib   ''.
tn carry  on  business.      The   farmer   wa-  the  man
who was being obliged by  the retailer- and   tie
manufacturers,    When he built a house an.'. .   , ,■
a imte for the lumber, the first thing he did when
he disposed "t Ins crop was tn buy a contigu ms
section,  or  half-section  nf  land,  and  if the  crops
were had the millman  had to foot   the lull.
One factor in the possible settlement of the
matter 111 the mind nf Senator Teinplemau was
whether the British Columbia milimen
hope that the Government could arrive at a ''"ii-
clusion without a consideration "t what the
dealer in  the   N'nrthwe-t  charged  the consume!
lie   had   heard   that   the   dealer-   charged   from  20
to 30 per cent profit possibly more, Senator
Templemah referred tn the dealer-' charges as
exorbitant,   and   he   a-ked   if   they   were   not   put
in the position "i making such charges by the
In reply tn thi- Mr. Beecher -tated that the
milimen had no "strings" on the dealer- I he
milimen cannot afford t" deal direct with the
consumer from a financial standpoint. The former
gives paper for hi- purchases tn run a long tune,
(inly local firms can accept or carry such -crtir-
ity. The charge that price- were extortionate
wa- not generally true, 20 per cent, being the
prevailing profil and thai was perfectly legitimate,
The retail dealer- were not agents for the wholesalers and were beyond their power.
Would  Reciprocity   Suit?
"If the duty were off, would you he 111 favor
of reciprocity?" Senator Templeman enquired.
"Unquestionably," was the reply.
"How much better would you he off? Mr.
Ross  a-ked.
Mr Beecher pointed out that the market then
would be considerably larger, giving ingress particularly into California. If the two countries
were placed on a,, equal basis, not a word would
he   heard   from   the   Coasl   manufacturer-,   bill   It
wa-  questionable  if  reciprocity   would  suit
numerous  milimen.    ' )ne of the  feature- n   the
Puget   Sound   Hade  1-   that   when   a   vessel   1- '0!
ing export lumber, there i- another -hip • '
-ide taking the other lumber, ami thus the whi
product  is disposed of,
The Retailer a  Necessity.
Reference wa- made bv Mr. ScOtl to the i|iieS-
,„,„ ,,,- ,i„. retailer. He asked Senator- retnpte-
man and Mr. Ross what they would think if tney
were in the retail clothing business, and a \ >° "
saler came from another city and took nrae
for suits of clothes? He said that nearly every
millman received letters from farmers who
bed together to gel a carload ol ,anJ ./', ai«
these applicants were referred to the retail 1
crs  in   that   section,   and   if, there   were  no     ■'■'^
then business mighl  be done direct.    He    *
that   the   profil   was   nol   mure   than   20 pel '|
and nut of this the retailer had to pay '' » '
cartage, storage, etc, He was glad thai he j ^
timi of reciprocity was broughl  up, and ^
would  be   willing to  take his  chances, 1       ^
was reciprocity in all  the manufactured
necessary  to produce    lumber,    machine! -
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Peculiarities of Tariff.
Mr. Frank Paterson, of the Canadian Pacific
Lumber Co., of Port Moody, decried the policy
of building up Manitoba at the expense of British
Columbia. He asked why, if it was desired to
abnormally protect the prairie farmer, the duties
on other commodities used by him should not be
taken off, when, if there was no duty, he could
purchase more cheaply on the other side of the
line than he could in Canada. Many things used
daily by the Northwest farmer are protected by
the tariff.
On the other hand, Mr. Paterson continued,
the lumber manufacturers here import 75 per
cent, of their supplies from the Territories, and
pay high prices because of the protection afforded
the farmer in this respect. He contended that
there should be some "give and take" in these
matters. Wheat flour was protected to cents per
barrel; wheat. 12 cents per bushel; oatmeal. 20
per cent.; oats, 10 per cent.; beef, two cents per
pound; horses, 20 per cent.; butter, four cents
per pound; cheese, three cents. Every day the
farmer was paid tribute, for these articles were
common necessities. He did not object to the
furtherance of the interests of the Northwest for
this meant eventually the development of British
Columbia, but he did not think all the benefit
jjghould be given the Territories.
Touching on the matter of exorbitant prices of
■etailers,  Mr.  Patterson  said that in some cases
]hat might be so.    In places far removed, where
fade   was   small,   and  charges   high,   it   was   ne-
fssary that profits should be large, or business
>uld   not   be   carried   on.     The     farmer   would
ther pay  these  prices  than  go  without  lumber
pll,  as  he  would  were   there  no  retailer  there.
said  that  a  duty  would   mean   the   increased
Illation  of $100,000 or $150,000 per month  in
Province,   resultant   from   larger  business.
A Liberal Protectionist,
lr.  L.  A.   Lewis,  of  the   Brunette  Mills,  New
ninster, asked Mr. Ross if he would support
|e   plea   for   duty   if  the   lumber   manufacturers
Hthdrew from the Western Retail Lumber Deals'  Association.
"I will support the imposition of a duty whether you withdraw or not," said Mr. Ross, amid
applause, adding that he was only asking questions to get information to offset arguments advanced in the  East.
Lumber Nets $6.00 Per Thousand.
Mr. L. A. Lewis said that in Winnipeg recently
a sale of 700,000 feet of lumber had been made
by an American firm wdiich netted them only
$6.00 per thousand. British Columbia men could
not meet such a cut as that. He said that he
was of the opinion that the consumer did not
get the benefit of the tariff, as the price was regulated by the price of the British Columbia lumber. He gave the different figures to show that
were the importation of lumber stopped, it would
mean the employment of one thousand or more
men, and the circulation of about $1,000,000 in
this Province. He figured on 50,000,000 feet per
year, stating that the statistics showed over
100,000,000 feet of imported lumber, and on this
basis from 650 to 700 more men would be employed, and $525,000 at least put out in wages.
He ventured the assertion that each mill carried
the Northwest farmer to the extent of $20,000
or $40,000. He though that the milimen would
be willing to consider the question of dropping
the connection with the Western Retail Lumber
Dealers' Association if it would make their
chances better of securing favorable condition.
Not a Hopeful  Outlook.
Mr. W. C. Wells. M. P. P., who was one of
the delegates to Ottawa last year in connection
with this matter, said if he thought for one
moment that the imposition of a duty on lumber
would mean additional burden for the farmer,
then he would say no more, but he did not think
it would be. He told how the manufacturers had
been   forced   into   the   Western    Retail    Lumber
Healers' Association, but now there was 110 Association that the milimen wen- bound to recognise. It thi' imports continued, the British Columbia mills would have to shut down, and the
result would be a shortage in supply in a short
tune, and very high prices. If the manufacturers
had the Canadian market i<>v themselves, a uni
form trade could he depended upon, which would
result in benefit to the consumer. He thought
it was unreasonable that the Government should
consider exclusively the interests of one part of
the country  at   the  expense  of  the  other.
Affects Other Lines of Business.
Mr. Colin P. Jackson, of C. P. Jackson & Co.,
briefly referred to the ramifications of the lumber industry and how the lumber industry was
the only mainstay of the Province, fishing being poor and mining in the future.
Mr. R. II. Alexander, spoke not so much as a
lumberman as chairman of the British Columbia
branch of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association. He pointed out how all manufacturers
were bound together, and no "lie industry could
be disassociated from the others. He explained
who would suffer if the mills shut down, fur out
ot every $100 received for lumber, $15 went to the
millman   and  $85   wa--   distributed   as   wages.
"Are you in favor of reciprocity?" was Senator
Templeman's quest  for information.
"I am not," Mr. Alexander said, "A- far as my
own company is concerned, it would suit us most
decidedly. Mills on tide-water would be benefited, but the mills in the interior would not be."
"Could you prove that you have to pay more
tor supplies, ami such like because of the protection given the Northwest farmer?" Senator Tem-
pleman asked.
"Yes," was  Mr. Alexanders' reply.
"Then  I advise you to do it." was the Senator's
Mr. Alexander told how contractors for Canadian Government works used very large quantities of Southern pitch pme, when the Government might insist that British Columbia timber
be used. The railway companies, too, which received large subsidies from the people, brought
in the big timbers, which could be easily supplied
from this Province. He closed by commenting
upon the very serious state <<i affairs wdiich existed, and what subsidiary manufacturers would
be affected in the event of a close-down. All that
was asked for was fair and equitable treatment.
Mr. John Hendry, president and general manager of the P>. C. M. T. & T. Co., also made a few-
short remarks, stating that this was one of the
subjects which would be brought up at a meeting of the executive of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association in Toronto thi- month, which
was to meet to consider what tariff amendments
were required.
From   the   Financier's   Side.
Mr. Campbell Sweeny, manager of the Bank of
Montreal, supported tin- lumbermen in their petition, as In- was convinced it was only common
justice that this industry should be protected. If
the   members   of   Parliament    were   made   to   feel
as the most ul people in respect to this matter
they would be a unit in insisting that Hritish Columbia should have justice from the Government
at  Ottawa.
Mr. William Murray, manager of the Canadian
Bank of Commerce, was of the same opinion as
Mr. Sweeny. Mr. Murray said he had just re
turned from a trip to the South, and while in
Washington learned that the manufacturers of
lumber on Puget Sound were prepared to -hip
rough lumber at the cost of the log to get needed
Arguments Told.
At the conclusion of the speeches and arguments advanced by the lumbermen, Senator Tern
pieman stated that he and the members of the
House of Commons present had acquired a great
deal of information about this vexed matter. Me
said that he stood for the best interests of the largest  representation   of     British     Columbia,    and
would certainly aid  in  laying the problem  bei
the   federal   Cabinet.     He  Strongly  advised   1
interested  011 a necessity of sending a deput
t" Ottawa  to press  the  matter,  and he advat
during  the course of the general discussion,  id*
concerning what manner of argument and pi
should  be  submitted  by  the delegates sent   tn .
taw a.
We  are  informed   that  Senator Templenian
arranged   for   a   meeting  between   delegates   fr,
British  Columbia  and   the  Government  about  |
25th ol next month, and that a strong delegati   -
will   go   to  Ottawa   to   be  at   the   meeting.
Among  thost'  present   at  the  meeting  were  noticed;     Hon.   Senator  Templenian,   Messrs.   Rail
Smith, W. Sloan and  Duncan Ross, recently elet
ted  members of   Parliament; James McNair, k.
P.   McLennan,   A.   K.   Evans,   Fred.   Wade,   E.   !'.
Davis, F, Buscombe, T. P. Paterson, J. (',. w |s
VV.   Godfrey,   A    Jukes,   C.   Sweeny,   C.   A.   Cro<
hie,   II.   Lockwood,   P.wing   Buchan,   I).   R.   Laird,
W. Murray, A. Erskine, J. G. Scott. John Hendr.
P.   Burnett,  W.   P.  Salsbury,  W.   II.  Malkin,  K
H.  Alexander.  II.  T.   Lockyer,   11.  de  Pencier,  I'..
II.    Heap-.   W.   C.    Wells,   M.    P.    P.,   of   Pall:     :.
R.   II.   II.  Alexander. J.  W.   Hackett, Stuart  I!
derson, M.  P. P., of Ashcroft;  P.. J. McFeely, C.
M.  Beecher, W. G.  McKenzie, Culm P.  Jackson,
J. T.  Moody,  \\ .   McRae,  W.  Skene, and R   .1
dine  and   L.  A.   Lewis,  of  Now   Westminster,
many others.
At tin- Regular monthly meeting of the Vancouver Board of Trade, held on the 6th inst.,
among other matters of interest on the lumbei
man's behalf discussed and dealt with was tin
passing of the following resolution, moved by Mr.
Colin F. Jack-on and seconded by Mr. K. P. Mc
1 .eiinan :
"Whereas the existing tariff conditions, when
by American lumber and shingles are on the free
list in Canada, while in the United State- Canadian lumber is taxed $2 per thousand and shingles So cents pt-r thousand, are very detr1111ent.il
to the lumber industry in British Columbia, the
market for second grade lumber, which forms
the largest proportion of the output being prac
tically supplied by the United States manufa
Hirers; and whereas very large amounts of cap;
tal are invested m the industry and very large
number- of men are employed; be it resolved that
the Vancouver Board of Trade cannot too str.'iiK'*-
ly impress upon the Dominion Government the
necessity of import duties being enacted equal t"
those imposed by the United States; and further
that the question is urgent and in the opinion of
this Board should receive the attention of the Government at the earliest possible moment ;and ho
it further resolved that a copy of this resolution
be forwarded to the Boards of Trade m the Province asking for their endorsation, Hon. Sir Wilfrid Laurier, the Cabinet Ministers, and the members of  Parliament  of  British  Columbia."
In seconding this motion Mr. McLennan remarked that "if the ignoring attitude of the Government   was  continued,   we  had   better   secede'
Mr. J. G. Scott, in speaking to the motion, remarked that the Government was paying $50,000
to assist tin- supplying of 0,000.000 feet oi lumber
annually to Mexico, business already held by Americans, while by a single stroke of the pen '"'
one   motion   the   market   of   the   Territories   could
be given to British Columbia lumbermen, which
meant a shipment of over 9,000,000 feet per month
'fhe Disston Saw Works, of  Philadelphia, has
completed arrangements for the erection of a saw
factory in East Toronto< at a cost of $150,000.   It
is claimed that this action is the result of the aim
dumping clause of the Canadian tariff.   Competition  is keen owing  to the    British    preference,
which   places   the   American     manufacturers   .it   a
disadvantage.   As American capitalists -ire large
ly interested in lumbering in Ontario   .and
compelled  t" manufacture into  lumber before '
porting, the saw  trade is of sufficient  importam
to warrant  the move as being about the only V '
in which the Disstons can hold their trade. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
G. P. Wells, of the Palliser mills left early this
month for the east on a business trip.
Mr. T. G. Jones, accountant for the Crow's Nest
Pass Lumber Company, at Wradner, was married on the 24th tilto., at Cranbrook to Miss L.
M.   I larper, of Moyie.
Pacific Coast Pipe Co., Ld.
The  Crow's   Nest   Lumber  Co.,    at     Wardner,
closed down for the season the first of this month.
The Sydney Lumber Company's mill at Sydney, near Victoria, has again had trouble with the
Timber Inspector's department, and the sheriff
has been in possession.
VANCOUVER,    -    B. C.
P. O Box 863
Telephone 1494
Cushing Bros., of Calgary, are installing one of
Cowan & Co.'s 36-inch sanders in their planing
Ernest Belanger, a logger employed by the
Porto Rico Lumber Company, of Ymir and Nelson, was instantly killed last week by a branch
of a tree striking him.
Manufacturers of
The Moyie Lumber Company's mill at Moyie,
has been shut down for the season, but the planers  are   now   running.
Mr. F. J. Anderson, representing Winnipeg
capital, has been looking up some timber limits in
South East Kootenay.
Orders for over a million feet of lumber have
been placed by the Montreal & Boston Mining
Syndicate for use in their mines and smelter in
Southern   British   Columbia.
Manager Leitch, of the East Kootenay Lumber
Company, Cranbrook, has been visiting Winnipeg
in  the interests of his company.
W. F. Newton, of Grand Forks, has leased some
timber limits on the North Fork of the Kettle
River, and expects to cut about 6,000,000 feet for
the market by next  spring.
The big mill of the Crow's Nest Pass Lumber
Company, at Wardner, has been closed down, but
the planing mill will be kept running.
Lemon & Gonnason of Victoria, have placed
an order with Cowan & Co., of Gait, for a 45-
inch band resaw. carrying a 5-inch blade. This
will be of the Mershon type.
A. E, Gardner, owner of the Danville sawmill,
across the line from Grand Porks. B. C, died suddenly from heart disease on  the 7th  inst.
S. F. McKay, of Poplar Creek, who owns a sawmill at that promising burg, but who has had a little difference with the sheriff, has straightened
this up and got back to business.
The frame of Bragdon & Johnston's new mill
at Salmon Arm has been erected, and it is expected the mill will be in operation early next year.
The Assessment Court for Revelstoke Riding
has received notice of objections to the assessment of an extensive timber area in the Riding
owned bv an  American syndicate.
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A carload of machinery arrived last week at
Salmon Arm for the Salmon Arm Lumber Company's new mill at that point.
The Columbia River Lumber Company's mill
at Golden has closed down for the season. The
mill has had a splendid run on account of the open
The Victoria Lumber & Manufacturing Company intends to clear from obstructions the
Tsolum and Courtenay Rivers, V. L, so as to
make same suitable for log driving.
A. Huntly's portable sawmill will be located in
the neighborhood of Enderby and be ready for
business at the beginning of next season.
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Cedar, Pine, Fir, Spruce and Hemlock Products
In consequence of a great demand for lumber
for building operations, the local saw mill at Ferguson, B. C, is doing double shift, and has all it
can do to keep even with the demand.
Considerable logging is being done in the Mara
district of Okanagan. The Rothesay Lumber
Company have a camp on I). F. Innes' place and
are also taking logs from several more ranchers.
The portable sawmill owned by Mr. Greehow,
which has been working near Vernon during the
past season, has been moved to Darkis, about
12 miles  from  Summerland, on  Okanagan  Lake.
The Kamloops Lumber Company has sent out
a number of men to their logging camps, in the
Mable Lake valley, and a successful season's work
is anticipated.
Char]es Fstmere, C. F., contemplates a trip to
Port Simpson and the adjacent country on behalf
of a South East Kootenay syndicate to locate
timber limits tributary to the Grand Trunk Pacific.
Geary & Doyle have taken the contract for cutting saw logs for the Crow's Nest Lumber Company at Wardner, and have a crew of 30 men at
work on the east side of the Kootenay river near
Sheep creek.
Messrs. J. II. Whittleton & McKinnon, of Calgary, are making arrangements to instal a planing
mill at that point and have placed an order for
a full set of woodworking machinery with Cowan
& Co., of Gait.
According to report from Golden, the head office of the Columbia River Lumber Co., the company's mill at Beaver will be closed down for
a year unless the conditions materially improve
from what they now are.
Contractor George Hunter, of Cranbrook, has
signed a contract with the Cranbrook Sash &
Door Company for the building of 500 cattle
guards for the C. P. R. He is to furnish 40 each
week. This contract will take 400,000 feet of lumber, and will keep Mr. Hunter busy for some time
to ccjme.
James Leigh & Sons, of Victoria, B. C, have
purchased a planer and matcher from Cowan &
Co., of Gait. This is to be one of the company's
No. () styles, planing 24 inches wide, 6 inches thick
and matches 15 inches wide. It weighs 15.500
pounds and will be one of the finest machines in
use in British Columbia.
A proposal has been submitted to the Vernon
City Council to take over the electric lighting
plant, which for a considerable time has been run
at a loss of some $3,000 annually to the city. It
is proposed to utilize Shuswap Palls, .>.=, miles
from Vernon, which it is estimated is capable of
developing -'.500 horse power.
Blue & Deschamp's mill on China Creek, near
Rossland, has been shut down for the season. It
is claimed that American lumber in the Northwest has caused such competition that the company is unable to enter the market. If conditions
improve the mill may resume business in April
next. Twenty-live men have been thrown out
of employment.
The property of the Fernie Manufacturing
Company, "f Fernie, wdiich has been in '.he hands
of an assignee for some months, was offered for
sale on the 10th inst, but failed to bring enough
to satisfv the demand of the creditors. Mr. I).
V. Mott was the highest bidder, offering $15,000.
It is said that the limits and building and plant is
worth in the neighborhood of $50,000.00.
Mr. llanbury, of the llanbury Manufacturing
Company, who is erecting a lumber factory at
Elk, on the Crow's Nest Pass Railway, has placed
an order with Cowan & Co. for a heavy carload
of wood-working machinery, including a  15-incn
4-side moulding machine, a power feed rip saw
and other smaller machines. Mr. Hanbury's intentions were referred to in our October issue.
The Thompson River Lumber Co. of Kamloops, last week sold to Mr. R. J. McNah, of that
city, their mill, situated at the east end of Kamloops. The property was acquired on behalf of
a new company now being formed and who are
applying for incorporation. Several improvements will be made to the plant, and the mill
will continue in operation this winter as long as
the weather and log supply will permit. Mr. A.
Bauman will be the manager for the company.
Logging activity is commencing in'the various
camps in South East Kootenay, and the Crow's
Nest Pass Lumber Company has let a number of
contracts. B. Lundin has a big contract, and has
a force of men at Skookum Chuck. Contractor
Brady has a crew at Wolf Creek and good progress is being made. J. W. Blake and A. J. Miller have also established independent camps at
Skookum Chuck and it is estimated that about
5,000,000 feet of logs will be sent down the Kootenay next summer.
Manager McCormick, of the Kamloops Lumber
Company, whose headquarters are in Fnderby,
has been visiting Kamloops looking over the construction of the new mill at Kamloops. The Enderby mill has been closed down for the season,
*>*RJfff|3£™ ~" x?
Wateroua Double Cutting Band Mill being installed in the
Kamloops Lumber Cos Mill at Kamloops, B. C,
but it is said that none of the men will be laid off,
the married men being employed in the local yard
and positions offered to the married men in the
building of the new mill at Kamloops. According
to local reports the company has about 8,000000
feet of lumber piled in the yards, and is making
regular  shipments  to  the  Northwest  each  week.
The Kamloops Lumber Company must have
been quite a boon to the settlers in and around
Enderby since it took over the mill at that point.
It is claimed that the company bought over 7.-
000.000 of logs from settlers between Mable Lake
and Lumby, paying therefor $3.50 per 1,000 feet.
The following season will see the territory greatly extended, as the company proposes to extend
its logging operations as far as Sugar Lake, and
to facilitate the driving of logs will clear the obstructions in the Shuswap River between Sugar
Lake and Shuswap Falls. From the settlers' point
of view the returns from logs has covered the
cost of clearing the land.
Mr. O. P. Boynton, of Washburn, Wis., has
been appointed manager of the new P.Ik Lumber
& Manufacturing Company, at Fernie, and has
taken charge of the work of construction. The
erection of the company's large new mill is proceeding rapidly. The foundation of solid piling
is completed and the frame work of the firstjUory,
18 feet  in height,  is rapidly  going up.
picks" fifty-nine feet in length and fourteen inches square are going into the structure. The
frame will be covered as rapidly as possible, so that
the inside work may be done during the inclement weather. The building will be completed
by the end of April. The company will erect
some fifty cottages in West Fernie for the use of
its employees.
A fatal and rather peculiar accident happened
early this month at the logging camp of Blue &
Deschamps, near Rossland, by which a logger
named Thomas Mathieu lost his life. Mathieu
and a companion were engaged in felling a large
tree. It had been cut through and was tottering
to a fall when Mathieu and his companion sought
safety by getting out of the line where they
thought the tree would land. Mathieu was a few
feet to one side of the place toward which the
tree was falling, but stood directly under a sapling
of six inches in diameter, which was inclined considerably from the perpendicular. The big tree
in falling struck the sapling near the base, and
the sapling in falling struck Mathieu on the top
of the head, felling him to the ground and fracturing his skull.
The new mill being erected at Fernie by the
Flk Lumber and Manufacturing Company will
have a daily capacity of 150,000 feet per day. The
company has purchased 25 carloads of mill machinery from the works of the Allis Chalmers Co.
at Ashland, Wis. The mill will be equipped with
heavy circular saws on one side and a double
cutting Allis band mill on the other, in addition
to dthe latest improved labor saving devices that
go to make the up-to-date mill. The boiler power
will be 500 horse power, consisting of two independent batteries of boilers, three in one battery and four in the other. To run the sawmill
a 500 horse power Corliss engine will be used
with a 75 horse power for the planing department.
The company aim to have complete equipment,
including machine and blacksmith shops and el c-
tric light plant. For lire protection they have a
1.000 gallon pump, with a sprinkling system that
will be attached to pipes running through the
The following resolution has received the unanimous endorsation of the Boards of Trade of British Columbia:
Whereas, American rough lumber is at present
being imported in large quantities into Manitoba
and the Northwest Territories free of duty, to
the great detriment of the lumber industry of
Canada; and
Whereas, the lumber is being sold to the consumer at the price of Canadian rough lumber, the
difference in price being absorbed by the middlemen,  and
Whereas, the lumber manufacturers agree not
to make any increase in prices, therefore
Be it resolved, that this Board of Trade urge
upon the Dominion Government that an equalization in the duty on rough lumber be established
immediately between the tariffs of Canada and
the United States.
At a recent meeting of the Board of Directors
of the Canadian Forestry Association, a resolution
was passed expressing the opinion that in view
of the annual destruction of timber in British Columbia and the difficulty of guarding the forests
from fire, it is desirable that the Bush Fire Act
of that Province should be amended so as to prohibit the starting of fires for the clearing of land
between the first day of May and the first day of
November in each year, unless a special permit
for that purpose be granted by the forest ranger
or other officers appointed for the district in
which such permission is asked. The British Columbia Government were furnished with copies of
the resolution, and it is to be hoped that the matter will  not.  be  "pigeonholed."
1 16
UancouVer CC Uicu\lhj |
Tin.-   Huntting-Lea   Lumber   Company   closed
down on the _'4tli inst.
The North  Pacific Lumber Co. at  Barnet, lias
been closed down for the season.
Mr. G. C.  Hinton, of the    Hinton    Electrical
Company, left last week for the East on business.
II. L. Jenkins, a prominent lumberman of Minneapolis, spent a few days in Vancouver this
Our Victoria correspondent advises us that
there is absolutely "nothing doing" of any interest
to our readers.
The Cowichan  Lumber Company, of Duncans,
V.  I., have a large force of men logging on  the
Cowichan River.
Victoria has had a building boom and will have
record  for the past  year which  will  far exceed
ny year since  Mjoo.
Mr.  Cooke, of the  firm of Cooke  &  Tait, left
st week on a visit to his home in Orillia, where
will  spend the holidays.
he Royal City Mills, at New Westminster, will
;tal a 15-inch, 4-side moulder, for which an
er has been placed with Cowan & Co., of Gait.
r. W. F. Huntting. of the Huntting-Lea Lum-
Company, was married last month at Duluth.
n., to Miss Marion Day, of that place. Con-
r.   A.   S.   McKenny,  representing  the    Gutta
rcha  &  Rubber Co.. of Toronto,  returned this
'eek   from   an   extensive   trip   through   the   Koo-
fenay country.
Mr. W. C. Wells, M. L. A., of Palliser, was a
prominent figure at the several meetings held 011
the Coa<t this month in connection with the desired lumber  tariff.
Mr. Frank Paterson, of the Canadian Pacific
Lumber Co., of Port Moody, will go to Ottawa
shortly as a delegate from the B. C. Lumber &
Shingle   Manufacturers'   Association.
Small & Bucklin, of New Westminster, have
purchased the Boutellier cannery property, on the
Fraser River, but what their intention is with regard  to their new acquisition is nut made public.
The War Department at Esquimalt is calling
for tenders for timber, shingles, lath-, etc.. for the
Esquimalt Engineer's District, Tenders to be received by the 28th inst.
The Canadian Casualty and Boiler Insurance
Company, of Toronto, have opened an office in
Vancouver, on Granville Street, with Mr. W.
T.   Miller,   Provincial   Manager,   in   charge.
Messrs. P.. IP Heaps & Co. closed down their
mill last week to allow of repairs, and will most
probably not recommence operations till conditions assume a more satisfactory state than at
Mr. J. B. Hall, representative of the Great
Western Oil Company, of Cleveland, Ohio, was
in Vancouver this month going over the field with
his company's local agents, the Western Oil &
Supply Co.
The Vancouver Engineering Works Company
are opening a warehouse and show room on
Water Street West. Vancouver, where ihey will
have a large stock of mill machinery, belting, pulleys and  supplies.
Rolled Plate, Fancij Cathedral, Colored Glass, Wired Rolled, Chipped Glass
Prismatic Glass, Etc.
MD& Vwy a ^viW, S\ocV o^ atooue a\ o\xt "Dvpfft '.
P. O. Box 96.
Telephone 970.
Name  and   Rig
Jan.   17—French
Ti ins.
ship   Andre  Theodore..I  1875
hip  Eska-oni    !   1715
27—German   ship   Chile
20—British   steamer   Peleus.
 I  -'054
5—British  steamer  Aorangi    !  2782
6—British  steamer Tydeus    I 4800   Japan
1 >estinati< m.
Cardiff,   U.   K.
Sydney,   N.   S.
Kobe, Japan   .
14—German   ship   Adolph    |   1651
23—British  bark  Linlithgowshire   ...    1357
4—British steamer Miowera    ;   1888
14—British  steamer  Ping  Suey    \  4150
31 — British   steamer   Moana    |   2414
Apr.    8— British  ship  Agamemnon    |
iS—British  bg.  Sussex    :   1212
28—British  ship   Belford    I   1771
20—British   steamship   Aorangi    |
30—British  steamship  Ningchow
30—British   steamship  Ningchow
May   3—Am. schooner Lottie Bennett ...
7—Am. schooner Americana   j
27—British steamer Miowera  	
31—British steamer Hyson    \
31—British steamer Hyson    !
31—British steamer Hyson   	
June 24—British   ship  Manuka    ■
24—British ship Calchas 	
27—British ship Tartar 	
30—British ship County of Kinross..'
July 20—British  barque   Donna   Francesca
20   British str. Aorangi    ]
22—British  str.  Stentor    :
22—British str. Stentor   ;
22—British str. Stentor   '
British bark  Hawthornbank   ....'
British  steamer (lanfa    ''
British  steamer   Miowera   	
British steamer Manuka  '
British ship I nverness 	
British   Barque   11 an dd   	
British Ship I lalew 1  	
British Steamer Aorangi  |
Brilish Steamer A<irangi  '
Br. Str. Telemachus !
Br. Str. 1 leucalion '
Br. Str. I leucaJion !
Br. Str. Miowera 	
Br.  Steamer  Miowera    '
- 1
1 l
( let.
Freemantle   .   ...
Suva.   Fiji    	
!<• die.  Japan   ...   .
Suva,  Fiji	
1 [ongkong	
Sunderland,   F.ng.
Sydney.   N.   S,   W.
Suva.  Fiji	
1 Kobe,  Japan   ...    .
I Hongkong	
406   Junin,  Chile   	
839    ( )-aka,  Japan   ....
Suva,   Fiji   	
I levonport
1 [1 ingkong
Suva.   Fiji
111 mgki mg
Y' iki ihama
Havre an
Suva,  Fiji   	
K< 'be.   Japan    	
1 [ongki ing   	
1 [amburg, Germany
quique,  Chile   ....
Nagasaki,  Japan
' Suva.   Fiji    	
Suva.   Fiji   	
Yok( ihama  	
East I.' indon	
Callao, Peru	
Suva.   Fiji   	
I lunedin, N   /	
1 levinip''it,   Knglam
I >evi'ii]"Tt. Lngland
London.  England  .
.Suva.  Fiji	
Sydney,   N.  S.   VV.
d Calais
• ranee
u88    I<
IN 1904.
r ,737.472
I $22,500 on
j 19.950 00
I 21,790 00
1,010 00
3,818 a
4,704 00
14.560 00
11.031 00
870 00
1,400 On
642 00
1.575 nrl
12.283 on
16,087 00
090 00
841 On
1,817 00
6,710 00
15,465 00
274 on
10,000 00
33-^ on
1,380 00
474 on
367 00
626 00
25,600 00
10.815 00
695 00
1,178 on
350 00
3,426 on
11,000 00
S.?37  00
403 00
305 on
2,785 00
9,1 1.5 on
17,400 00
470 00
I 10 Oil
2,220   00
325 00
2,600 00
870 00
130 00
Name and Rig. Tons. Destination. Feet.
German  bark  Hydra    I 742  [Antofagasta    | 573,7l8
Chilian   bark   Admiral   Tegcthoffj 892 |Antofagasta I 700,001
-British   ship   Khybcr    ! 1027  \ Freemantle    I 1,665.310
British  steamer  Longships    I 2843  |Shanghai    | 1,143.785
American bktn. James Johnson. . I 0,0.2    Shanghai    | 1,233.870
British barque  Procyon    ' 1995 I Iquique    I 1.810.040
American bktn. T. P. Emigh ... j 023   Melbourne           I 1.204.485
German  ship Schnrbek    ' 2266 |Antofagasta
Chilian   bark   Antofagasta    ' 1016
British ship Olivebank    ! -647
Chil.  Bk. Admiral ! Rg*
Sc. \V. II. Talbol  ' 743
,,,r- Bk> Lindfield  ] 2lr„, Melbourne..    ......  ...I 1,876,3^ | 18.8070"
'Cape Town
|$ 6,682 00
I    8,250 on
I 10.275 00
I  13.6S7 00
j   15,020 00
I  20,582 on
I   T 2.705 n0
I 8.575 00
I 41.045 00
I 24.781 00
I 7.084 no
"AMPHIBIA" Waterproof Leather Belting.
"CROWN BRAND" Tanned Lace Leather..
Selling Agent
B. C.
Messrs. Small & Bucklin, wdio are applying for
incorporation of their lumber companyt have also
made application for permission to remove obstructions and clear the Upper Pitt River for log-
driving purposes.	
In our last issue mention was made of a lire
at the property of the Hazelmere Lumber Co.
at Hazelmere. ()ur attention is called to the fact
that it was the dry kiln of the Northern Shingle
Mill   which   was   destroyed.
Mr. Lea. of the Huntting-Lea Lumber Company, of Vancouver has disposed of his interest
in the firm to his partner, Mr. Huntting, who will
carry on business at their mills at False Creek
and Cedar Cove. Mr. Lea will remove to Turn-
water, Wash, where he operates a shingle mill.
ings there. The products of this energetic Royal
City firm have certainly won a name for themselves elsewhere.
The Dominion dredge. King Edward, which has
been dredging the Fraser River channel opposite
the Brunette mills, has finished its work and will
likely be employed in improving the channel up
to the Ross-McLaren mills.
Mr. J. llanbury. President and Manager of the
llanbury Manufacturing Company, of Brandon,
is visiting Vancouver on business connected with
the wood-working plant he is going to erect at
Elks, on the Crow's Nest Pass. He has purchased
a suitable site from the C. P. R. at that point.
This month has been marked by the closing
down of several of the mills, both large and
small, in Vancouver and vicinity. In some cases
it is for annual repairs, but in most instances the
closing down is on account of the stagnation of
the lumber markets of the Northwest, due to
the severe competition of American milimen in
Canadian  territory.
Mr. John Hendry, President and General Manager of the B. C. M. T. cSj T. Co.. left last week
for Toronto to be present at an important meeting of the Executive of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association, when tariff amendments will
be considered.  .
Mr. F. A. Mundy_ President of the new Mundy
Lumber Company, to operate at Three Valley
Lake, near Revelstoke, was in Vancouver this
month, looking towards the purchase of a steamer
for operation on the lake in connection with the
company's enterprise.
The members of the local lumber association
at a meeting held this month have come to an
agreement regarding lumber prices for the local
market. These show a substantial reduction over
previous lists, and rate cutting has ceased. The
new schedule came into force on the 20th inst.
The J. A. Moore Investment Company, of Seattle, has negotiated the capital for the Quatsino
pulp limits, which are to be actively operated. The
Moore Company sent a man over to investigate
the proposition, and as a result of this agents of
the company went to the Eastern States
and raised the necessary very large capital to
place the industry on a sound financial basis.
The Vancouver Engineering Works of this city
have been appointed selling agents for British
Columbia for the celebrated Dodge Pulley, manufactured by the Dodge Manufacturing Co. of Toronto, and reference is called to the Company's
advertisement on page 3 of the cover of this
The Provincial Government has undoubtedly
taken note of the value of the "ready-made"
houses being manufactured by the Royal City
Mills branch of the B. C. M. T. & T. Co., and has
placed an order for a "ready-made" school for
shipment to Port Essington.
The British Columbia branch of the Canadian
Manufacturers' Association, at a meeting held
this month unanimously conceded that relief
should be given the lumbermen by the Dominion
Government, and a resolution praying that duty
be imposed by the Government on lumber entering from the United States was passed.
Mr. J. H. Beard, of Seattle, and Mr. Gregg, of
Cincinnati, Ohio, representatives of the Gratton
Knight Manufacturing Co., were in Vancouver
last week. 'Mr. Gregg is direct from the factory
in Cincinnatti has come to the Coast with a
view of looking into the special machinery requirements for the mills that are manufactured
by the Gratton Knight Manufacturing Co.
Mr. George L. Youle, vice-president of the S. A.
Woods Machine Company, of Boston. Mass.. was
a visitor to the city this month. Mr. Youle has
recently taken the management of the Pacific
Coast branch of the company, and makes
headquarters at Seattle, Wash.
Mr. McDonald, in the employ of the Vanstone
Heating & Plumbing Company, of New Westminster, has just returned from Walla Walla,
Wash., where he has been for some time past, installing two Vanstone heaters in the public build-
Mr. Frederick Weyerhattser, the millionaire
lumberman of Milwaukee, Wis., his son C. A.
Weyerhauser, and Mr. John A. Humbird, president of the Victoria Lumber and Manufacturing
Co., visited that company's mill at Chemainus
early this month. Mr. Weyerhauser and Mr.
Humbird are old-time friends, and this visit by
the former is in fulfilment of a promise made
years   ago.	
Notice has been given by the solicitors of the
Brunette Sawmill Company, Ltd., of their inten-
Double Edger, Steam  Feeds,  Log Jacks,  Live  Rolls,
Trimmers, Slab Slashers, Steam Niggers.
NO.   2   SAW   CARRIAQl
i ■
tion to apply to the Legislative Assembly of the
Province of British Columbia at its next session
for an act to extend the existence of the Brunette
Sawmill Company, Limited Liability, for a period
of fifty years, from ami after the 7th day of February, 1906, and up to and including the 7th day
of February, 1056.
W. L. Breeze, of the Bullion Mining Company,
of Alsek, has just completed the purchase from
Mr. Gilmour, Vancouver agent of the Waterous
Company, of Brantford, of machinery for a sawmill, which is to be erected on their property at
Alsek, with a capacity of 20,000 per day. The mill
wall be taken North as soon as it arrives from
Brantford, and will be hauled from White Horse,
Y. T., to Bullion Creek over the snow.
buildings on the strip of land just south of the
boundary line of Smith Westminster. Besides the
tannery they will aslo operate a shingle mill. For
the tannery the company has secured several
large hemlock limits and it is expected that the
building will he ready for the machinery by tho
first of the year. The local representative of the
company is Mr. !•'.. J. Fader, who has had a practical knowledge of the business by previous work
of the kind in  Ontario.
122 Wellington Street, West
From an advertisement appearing in the Colonist, it appears that before long Victoria will have
another sawmill. Messrs. Moore & Whittington
having made application to the Dominion Government for waterfront privileges at the end of Pleasant Street. Should the application be granted,
they intend erecting a mill having a capacity of
20.000 feet per day. It is the intention of the company to make a specialty 'if yellow cedar, ot vhich
[they have a large quantity on their limits, and 'he
quality is said to be of the highest grade.
Mr.  D.   Lome   McGibbon.  genera!   manager  of
Ithe  Canadian   Rubber  Company,  who  was  in  the
ity  this  month  mi   a   visit  t<>  his   firm's  branch
re. reports trade as being very good in the East
d especially so in Manitoba and the Northwest.
wing to the immense increase in the firm's pat-
page in  the West it has been  found necessary
establish another branch at Calgary, where Mr.
Gibbon   had  just   arrived   from   after  complet-
the necessary arrangements.    Mr. C. J. Pack-
n has been appointed as manager to the Cal-
|y branch. 	
Arrangements are now being made by the New
Westminster   Tanning   Company   to     erect   their
Mr. A. B. Cowan. President of Cowan & Co.,
manufacturers of wood-working machinery, of
Gait, who has been several weeks in British Columbia, advises US that in spite of the present unsatisfactory condition of the lumber business he
has no reason to complain, and that he has placed
several large orders with mills on the Coast. He
expresses astonishment at the rapidly increasing
importance and growth of the lumber business
since his last trip through British Columbia, three
years ago. Mr. Cowan intends to spend a good
deal of his time in the Province in future.
Arrangements were definitely completed this
month between Mr. L, W. David, owner of the
old Ross-McLaren mills at New Westminster, and
Mr. Dodge, a Sau Francisco ship owner and capitalist for the early re-opening of the mills. It is
expected that by April next the mill will be in operation and that a large number of men will be
employed. New Westminster looks upon the reopening of this mill, which has been dormant for
so many years, as a "red letter" day for the city.
It is understood that the greater portion of the
output of the mill will lie marketed in San Francisco.
We sell any article that is required bv
Railway Contractors or Lumbermen, no matter what it is.
We ship mixed car lots
Mitts,    Moccasins,   Shoe   Packs,    Larrigans
Pants, Underwear, Chain, Rope, Axes,
Saws, Axe Handles, Pork, Ham,
Bacon, Lard, Butter, Tea.
We are the only House  in Canada that
furnishes you complete under one roof
first work to be taken up will be the erection and
installation oi the sulphiding works. The company is well satisfied with the work so far accomplished and ha- every confidence in 'he successful
issue of the undertaking. Contracts for the supply
ot the necessary machinery will be made within
the   next   few   months.
Mr. J. A. MacKinnon, Managing Director of the
Oriental Rower & Pulp Co., returned hist week
from a three months' trip to the ()ld Country.
From Mr. MacKinnon we learn that active work
will be commenced on the works of the Power
Company   at   Swanson   Bay   early   next  year,   the
Mr. M. J Hendry, a prominent nurseryman and
seedsman oi Vancouver, has just received an order
from mie of his European correspondents for over
a thousand dollars' worth of native tree seeds, if
he can secure them. He also has enquiries from
Germany, Russia ami England for these seeds for
nursery planting. The seeds desired at the present time are those of "Thuya Gigantea," or the
native Giant Cedar, and "PseudotSUga Douglasii,"
or  Douglas tir.    Mr.  Henry is prepared to pay at
Rough and Dressed Lumber
ill, South End Cambic St. Bridge      =m=m     VANCOUVER, B. C.
Good Material   —   Reasonable
Prices Prompt Service
W. J. SHEPPARD, Waubaushenc, Ont., President
J. G. SCOTT, Vancouver, B. O, General Manager
Pacific Coast Lumber Company,
:■    ■   -X A"'- ■      ••   • " ..    . !        7"      ! ..     .;.-,.■.    t^/3fc
,'4-':X ■</■  .'.■■:..,\ ■'• :'-•,;.-'.;,'"   >'.»>,■       .•,...•■» V> ' .'..IR -
•■■.-. wfj   mi I
r,J(, j^^
:f ■'■■ .,.-••■ ±i£3
Si Mk^,
M    ■
JR ■ ■ ■■ ■
TljHp ,      ,    IT
mjy ■■■■'-  .
^ xoni
■ ul
l4fc -rV
Fir, Cedar and Spruce Lumber, Lath, Houldings, Turned Work, E&6.
CAPACITY-Saw Mill, 150,000 feet per 10 hours;   Lath M.11, 25,000 per 10 hours ; Shingle Mill, 300,000 per 10 hours ; with
ample Planing Mill and Dry Kiln Capacity to Handle our output.
Manzel Sight Feed
Automatic Oil Pumps
Silent Hall Clutch Motion, equally sensitive at high or low speed. Equally effective at hij^-h or low pressures. Saves Oil
because it does not waste it. Made Single,
Double, Triple and Quadruple	
Bayfield 8 Archibald,
Molsons Bank Building Vancouver, B. C.
IMPERIAL, their highest grade, guaranteed
No equal for heavy machinery.
Lumber Dry Kilns „..
Operating by the NATURAL DRAFT
Planing Mill Exhausters
For the removal of Refuse  from
Wood Working Machinery	
Steel Dry-Kiln Trucks
For piling I/imber of any Dimensions
for Drying purposes	
Our Planing Mill Fans are carried In Stock
by The Fairbanks Co., of Vancouver, B. C.
Sheldon & Sheldon
the rate of $1.50 per pound for fir seeds and $2.00
per pound for cedar, and will gladly furnish the
necessary particulars to any parties who will assist him in filling the order.
Mr. J. S. Dennis, C. P. R, Land Commissioner,
stationed at Calgary, was a visitor to Vancouver
early this month, He reports that the land sales
in British Columbia by the company this year
have been very satisfactory, and he anticipates
that with railroad extension in East Kootenay
next year the East Kootenay valley will attract
a large number of new settlers, The company
owns, besides agricultural lands, large areas of
timbered land in that section, ami with the easy
means of transportation which will ere long be
provided he feels confident that the lumber business which is sure to follow railway construction
will provide employment for a large number of
men   and   a   heavy   investment   of  capital.
Mr.   Nichol  Thompson  returned   from  an  extended trip to England and reports most satisfactory progress in connection with the Vancouver
Marine  Railway project,     lie spent some months
in the Eastern State-. Toronto, Montreal and Ottawa,    While in the Old Country Mr. Thompson
arranged for the construction of the steel work of
big dry dock for Vancouver.    It  is now being
uilt bj  Swan & Hunter, of Newcastle.    The first
Ction,  276 feet  in  length  and  capable of lifting
o tons, will be in Vancouver by the end oi 1905,
e entire dock will be 510 feet in length) the sec-
d secti mi being 234 feet long,    Mr. Thompson
announced that it was likely that an English
would  establish  a  steel  making  plant   here,
having acquired the rights of a patent process
teel making    Capitalists will come fr im Lng-
shortly to look over the situation here.
The   Timber   Inspector's   Report   for   1903   has
st been published, and an opportunity is thus
given us to gather a few facts which it is otherwise very difficult to obtain. The report, in as
far as it goes, by no means covers the whole held
in British Columbia, inasmuch as there is a very
large amount of timber cut from lands within
the Dominion Railway and the Esquimalt and
Nanaimo Railway belts and private property upon
which no royalty is paid to the Provincial exchequer, and therefore no necessity for records being
supplied to the Government of the cut therefrom.
The total area of timber under lease-hold is
given at 587,845 63-100 acre-, for which the Government derived revenue from rentals and fees
of $195,392.15. while for Royalty from Crown and
lease-hold lands the amount received for lumber
cut, 317.55i.151 feet, was $151,012.44. giving a total
revenue from the lumber industry of $347,004-59.
These figures -how a very considerable increase
over those of 1902 the latter being: Timber acreage 453,251, cut 281,955,866,, and the revenue derived $215,275.25.
It is estimated that the output of shingle- for
1903 was approximately 441.000,000. valued at
$555,500.00. and of these nearly 350 million were
It is interesting to note in connection with the
above summary of the Timber Inspector's Annual
Report that the amount of revenue derived from
the sale of special timber licenses and hand-loggers' license- ill [902 was $59,490.00, and in
1903       the       amount received from the
same source was $139-072. an increase of over
50 per cent. The current year we understand
will .show a very considerable advance over 1903.
The popular secretary of the Mountain Lumber
Manufacturers' Association. Mr W. F. Gurd, was
married at Cranbrook on the 29th ulto., to Miss
Carolina Bertha Moss, of Cranbrook. Mr. and
Mrs Gurd are spending their honeymoon m visiting Eastern cities. They will take up their residence in Cranbrook. To Mr. and Mrs. Gurd we
wish every happiness and prosperity.
Through the untiring efforts of the Rev. John
Antic, of Vancouver, a proposition iv now being
worked up on this Coast which should sure.y
meet with success and be fully appreciated by
these in whose interest it is being done. During
Mr, Antic's residence in the West he has be mi
embued with the feeling that too much has been
done by the Church for "foreign" missions and
not enough for those nearer home. To this end
he has interested the Episcopal Dioceses of Co
lumbia and New Westminster in the fact that
there are a very large number of men stationed
at logging and mining camps along the Coast
north of Vancouver, who are entirely without
the Church's soothing and refining influences.
In June of this year Mr. Antic and his young
son, a boy of ten, made a trip to the various
camps situated on the Mainland and the eastern
side of Vancouver Island, north of Vancouver
and Nanaimo, and his experiences ami impressions are best shown by quoting extract- from
his "log";
( )n Thursday. June -Mid. at ^,.2^ p. m., the
"Laverock" turned on power and set -ad
from Vancouver on a month's tour of the
logging camps and settlements north as far
as Alert Ray. The object oi the trip is to
ascertain, as nearly as possible, the number
of logging camps and settlements on the
coast, and to gather other data that would
help the Diocese of Columbia in deciding as
to the advisability of establishing a mission
in that district not an ordinary mission, but
one that would do social work among the
loggers and settlers and be an influence for
good in the camp, the ranch and the miner's
(The "Laverock," in wdiich the trip of investigation was made, is an auxiliary sad boat,
to ft, long, 5 ft. 10 in. wide, yawl rigged, with
a three-quarter horse-power gasoline engine.
The boat was built and owned by the Rev.
John Antic.)    Ed.
Thursday. June 2nd, left Vancouver at 5.25
p. m. Under sail and power made S. W.
end of Bowen I-land at 8 p. m.. the first ten
miles of our journey. Harbored for the
Friday, 3rd. Weighed anchor at 6 a. m.
Calm and line. Called at Merry Island lighthouse, mar Buccaneer Ray. at 2:30. Dined
with Mr. Franklin, the lightkeeper. Continuing our journey, arrived at Francis Cove,
at ("1:30. and anchored for the night. Day's
work about 35 miles.
Saturday. 4th. Started at 5:30 a. in. Called at P '<.ahontas Cove, Texada Island. Matt
Little- logging camp; X men, 4 horses and
Chinese cook. Left at 12:15 with headwind,
which increased to a stiff breeze, SO we had
to take shelter in Frock Cove, where there
is a ranch. After a while the wind dropped
and , Msl iiv/ on we tied up to the steamers
float at Salmon Indian Reservation.
Monday, 6th. fine day and we were able
to land. The Slianion Reservation is a Ro
man Catholic mission, and apparently well
conducted except in the way of education.
The Indian- want a school at home, but the
priest   says   they   must   send   them   to   Sechelt.
This is a  hardship  of  which  they complain
bitterly. We found also a Hastings Mill log
ging camp here, with a railway and locomotive. Took a run up into the woods and saw
the immense logs drawn in by a large donkey engine at the end of a wire cable a milt
long, then loaded on trucks and hauled down
to the boom at the mouth of the river by the
locomotive. Dinner, to which we sat down
with 60 men in the mess house, was quite an
experience. Scarcely a word was said, but
with characteristic vigor they fell in, ami
before we had well begun our meal the mess
house .vas empty. We talked with the foreman and many of the men on the subject of
the proposed mission, and found than extremely favorable. They were especially
struck with the idea of a circulating library,
and without doubt if the mission materializes
with   that   adjunct   to   it   it   will   be   reccivi
with  enthusiasm.    The    experience    gathen
from this visit is that the logger, though
has a rough exterior, is as sound'at the con
as any class "i workingmen in the country,
He  live-  remote  from  town,  and  the com
forts   and   luxuries,   both   physical   and   Intel
lectual, tn be found 111 them; hi- spiritual and
moral nature is practically uninfluenced from
without; and yet he i- responsive tn good m
ilueiice and will obey right motives t<> a sui
prising extent, considering his training.    He
will give an unfortunate brother the clothe;
off his back or Ills last  dollar if need be, and
in   camp   will   listen   with   respect   tn   :.ll   you
have tu say n it is straight man-to-man, bui
abominates cant.    You can leave anything at
a    losing  camp  and   it     is     perfectly     safi
wdiich  is  much  more than can  be said of the
city.    The}   are hospitable.    You are always
welcome  to their table, to whatever is theirs
In tin- respect wc cannot  speak too highly,
especially of the Slianion camp, where Foreman  Springer and  Boom-man Johnston and
everyone   i'i   the   men   did   their   utmost   to
make our  stay  interesting  and  comfortable,
Monday, June 6th. The west wind, which
blew very hard all morning, dropped about
mid-afternoon and we pushed oui to* Lund,
About half an hour after starting • ,\: wind
and swell g'U up again, ami, combine 1 v ith a
strung current, gave US a hard tussle, bill
wc made our port 111 tune tn "taki :n ' the
town before dark. Lund 1- a picturesque lit
tie village situated on two very smaii rocky
bay-. It has a Store, lintel, and Saloon, all
owned l>\ Tulien Brothers and is i-riiso
quently headquarters for everything in thi
line of drygoods, hardware, provisions, and
whiskey for all the country round L'.'Otif. h
i- also an educational centre, having a public
school, attended bv 27 children, but n i churjli
raises it- spire skywards, though services
■ •nee in a while are held in he littL s>chcol-
room. Tin- little town i- of more importance
than it- -ize would indicate, ' - many 1 >gging
men make the hotel their lieulquartJ-s, and
the -tore and saloon form a ort of magnetic
centre, which attracts settle's and loggers
for a radius of many miles, a fa t v. inch
might justify the Church 'n thi- l< ,ct -i in
making some effort to establish it- inlluenc
at  least as  far north  as  thi-.
June 7th. Being fine, and no prospect Ol
holding service before Sun1..-, w continued
our journey north, after in • '.:n ; the steamer
Cassiar, which called at S   1. m
We made Quathiaska Cove q:i t early, and
enjoyed the hospitality of Mrs. Pidcock and
her foiu- -..ins. Quathiaska i- a busy little
place, made busy by the energy of the four
young men above mentioned, who. after their
father's death, notwithstanding the tempta
tions that come to all young men to go farther
afield, rallied round their widowed mother,
and, by  their pluck  ami  business    capacity,
have   Inult   up   a   flourishing   business,   in   the
way of a well stocked store, a busy mill, and
a salmon cannery.
Thursday, June 9th.    Left  Quathiaska and
proceeded   10 0 til   to   the   logging   eaillp-.   paSS-
ing through the famous Seymour Narrows
en route While we waited in a little cove
near the mouth of the narrows for slack
water we obtained a birds-eye view from the
top of Maud Island of the roaring cataract
which ru-lies through during flood tide, but
when we went through the water was a-
unruffled   a-   a   mill   pond.
During the next few day- we visited several camps on Johnston Strait, chic! 01
which is the Hastings Mill camp at Rock
Ray. In this camp there are Upwards of 200
men working, with two railway locomotives,
several donkey engines, and a steamboat Oil
the lake. There are also a large store, an hotel
and the inevitable saloon. Wc went 'ip 'n*0
the limber several miles on the cab of the
locomotive, talked with the engineers, foremen and others mi the subject of the 1"'
posed   mission,  and   found   them   very
able to the scheme, and sanguine <>f its success if worked along  social lines.
Sunday, I2tli. Held services in the hotel,
and addressed a goodly number of the men.
I must here say that in this, as in all the
camps, I could not desire better treatment
than I received, though 1 appreciate espec-
ally the kindness of Mr. Mel.can, the manager of the hotel at Rock Hay, who not only
gave us every facility for holding the service
in the hotel but made us welcome guests
in the dining-room during our stay of two
Having visited most of the camps in this
region, we pushed on for Alert Hay, where
we arrived on Thursday, 16th. There was no
work 'or u- to do, of course, as a mission is
already established, but it was an extremely
interesting visit nevertheless. The Rev. Mr.
Hall, the missionary in charge, was away,
but Mr. Corker, the genial principal of the
industrial school and general manager of the
secular end of the mission, took us in charge,
put us up at the school, and did all in his
power to make our stay as interesting as
possible, The mission at Alert Bay is splendidly equipped for work among the Indians.
There is a beautiful and well-appointed little church, where Sunday services are held
alternately in English and Indian. Tlu?rc arc
connected with the mission a store, where
you can buy almost anything, a sawmill,
which is just being renovated and put into
shape by the installation of new machinery,
and which gives work to Indians far enough
advanced in civilization to want work, and an
excellently appointed industrial school, where
Indian boys are given an elementary education in English, and taught a useful trade, a
very valuable asset to one who has 10 face
perhaps a discriminating world and wrest a
living from it.
Mr. de Heck, the Indian Agent, or Gi-Cumi,
as he is called, with his wife and son showed
me great kindness at their home and on board
the yacht "Gi-Cumi," in which Mr. de Heck
makes his regular tours among the Indian
settlements to administer both the law and
the largesse of a benevolent government. On
the whole our visit to Alert Hay was most
pleasant and interesting, and it was with regret that we weighed anchor on the 13th and
set our course south for the logging camps.
The voyage south at this time of the year
is made easy by the prevailing northwesterly
winds. Leaving Alert Hay 011 Friday, i/th,
at 2:40 p. m., we made a good run of 20 miles
to Port Harvey. Found one man in this port
in charge of a well-stocked store. It would
not do to estimate the amount of his trade
by the size of the population as he was the
only man in the port. Nevertheless he did
a good trade with the white men and Indians
scattered about on the islands and inlets in
the   vicinity.
Spent Sunday. loth, at Fort Neville, a magnificent harbor but tint quite as busy as Vancouver. About six miles up the harbor found
two camps, McKcnzie's and MeWhinncy's.
At the latter held service in the large bunk
house and addressed the men, who 'istened
cagi'rly and spoke very favorably of the proposed mission.
Tuesday, the 2ISt. We started once more
on our journey, passed several small logging
camps and a ranch where they raise marten
cats for the market, but did not stop anywhere except at Green Point Rapids, where
we broke our tiller in a whirlpool, and had
to land to repair it. Arrived at Shoal Bay
at 6 p. m. As the weather was cold and inclined to be stormv we stayed here a day and
a half. Shoal Hay has rather a "Deserted
Village" appearance now, but at one time
when the Dorothy Morton mine was running
it was the centre of great activity. It is not
dead even now. for there is a large store
patronized  by  settlers  and loggers  for miles
around. . ,
Thursdav 23rd. We were at Frederick
Arm   where there are three camps, but, hav
ing only time to visit one, we selected Robertson & llackett's. I spent an evening in
the bunk-house talking to the men individually, and ending with an address to the
whole camp gathered in the bunk-house.
They listened attentively to all I had to say,
and when I told them of the intention to
send a Mission Moat to do social work among
them, one and all expressed great confidence
in the result.
Leaving Frederick Arm we pushed onward
towards Camp Island, passing through the
Fuclataw Rapids en route. The current,
though not going full speed, was swift enough
to make the passage a very exciting one.
The water was quite a good deal broken, and
whirlpools were all too plentiful, but with the
engine going full speed we were able to keep
in the middle of the road and avoid floating
logs and whirlpools. Without the engine a
rough time would have been ours.
Camp Island was our next stopping place,
where we spent Saturday and  Sunday.
On   Monday  we   were  oft" again,  touching
at  Slianion,  Van   Anda  and   Huccaneer   Hay,
and  arriving  at   Vancouver  on     Wednesday,
29th, at 4 p. m.    The result of this visitation
has  impressed  me  more  than  ever  with  the
immense importance of such work and of the
necessity  of  its   early    inauguration.    There
are 3,000 people on this coast, chiefly loggers,
and  practically  no  organized  effort  is  made
to bring them under the influence of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, or to alleviate the social
conditions   in   which   they    live     consequent
mainly   on   their   isolation.    The   proposition
which is now before the Dioceses of Columbia   and   New   Westminster   is   to   provide   a
boat large enough  to be the headquarters of
a  missionary,  to be  a  Church  in  which  services may be held, and to be a moving centre
for  social   work   such   as  the   distribution   of
literature,   books   and   magazines,   by   means
of a circulating library.    Emergency hospital
work might  be  done by establishing a hxed
centre at Shoal May or Rock Hay, where the
aid of a doctor or nurse could be readily obtained  in  those  terrible accidents  which  are
constantly occurring in the logging camps.
The object of this mission seems to be a most
worthy one and it is a work in which nil those
who  are  connected   with  the    lumber    industry
should be interested, and will doubtless liberally
support       Those who complain  that the church
is  not  doing  its  best  for  the  social   betterment
of   mankind   will   now   have   an     opportunity   of
backing a movement unique in the social and religious history of this  Province.
The object of this mission is not only to carry
the Gospel to 3.000 men working in logging
camps, mines and ranches, but to place within
their reach such intellectual and physical advantages as may be possible under the circumstances.
Reading-rooms will be established in. the camps
where possible; literature, such as magazines and
papers, will be distributed regularly, and an effort will be made to establish a circulating library The library will be put up in boxes, built
on the plan of sectional bookcases, and exchanged from camp to camp by means of the
mission shin.
Tn addition to this work, an emergency hospital  will  be  established  at some  centre such  as
Shoal Bay or Rock Hay, where an injured man
instead of waiting for the mail boat, which may
be hours or days, will receive skdled surgical
attention and be made comfortable until the mail
boat arrives to take him to Vancouver. In this
way   doubtless  many  a  good  limb   and   many   a
life may be saved. .       , • , „f
The Rev John Antle, who is taking charge ot
the mission, has had a large experience in that
kind of work, having spent 14 years on the Coast
of Newfoundland and three in a logging and
mining district in the State of Washington He
is the right man in the right place, and will undoubtedly make a success of the task he has
undertaken. . . <
Tt is the intention to build a boat, wmcli according to the specifications, will be 60 teet long
and 14 feet beam.    On the mam deck will be a
Agent for Western British Columbia
and Vancouver Island
18 Powell St.
Vancouver, B. C.
The Gurney Standard Metal Co.,
room for entertainment and for services, 22x14
feet. The boat will be provided with a 15-horse
power oil or gasoline engine and auxiliary sail,
and it is estimated that she will cost approximately $4,000. The Missionary Society of Canada
has already contributed the sum of $2,000 towards the mission, and the balance, it is expected,
will be raised locally. We are advised that up
to date Victoria and district has raised $1,000
towards the proposition and that Vancouver and
the adjacent district will be looked to for the
remainder—an  easy  task.
Mr. Mundy. president of the Mundy Lumber
Company, which will operate at Three Valley
Lake, arrived in Hritish Columbia this month to
arrange for starting the buildings. The lumber
business at Three Valley Lake will be carried
on by two companies—The Eagle River Lumber
Company, incorporated tinder the laws of the
State of Virginia with a capital of $500,000, and
which controls the 100 square miles of timber limits acquired from the Dominion Government, and
the Mundy Lumber Company, which will be the
manufacturing company, This company is incorporated under the laws of the State of Virginia with a capital of $50,000. with provision to
increase as required. Mr. Mundy is president
of this company. The investors are eastern bankers.
Arrangements are being made with the C. P. R.
to put in a siding and station at the site of the
mill at Three Valley Lake. The millwright has
also arrived to proceed with the construction of
the mill, and went to Arrowdiead to look
over the plant supplied bv the Waterous Engine
Works to the Arrowhead Lumber Company. The
mill will have a capacity of Ro.ooo feet a day, and
it is intended to build a planing mill, and also a
shingle mill with a capacity of too.ooo shingles a
day. Tt is intended to have the mill in operation
bv May 1st The company will immediately proceed with the erection of a store, bunk-houses,
boarding-house, etc. The mill plant will include
a single band saw and a resaw. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
It was our pleasure a few days ago to ki shown
over the branch establishment in Vancouver oi
Pilkington Mros.. Ltd., glass manufacturers of St.
Helens, England, and Maubeuge, France. The
premises owned by the local branch are situated
at the corner of Powell Street and Columbia Avenue, and were formerly the property of Oppen-
heimer Mros. & Co, In this immense building is
stored over 60,000 feet of plate glass and glass of
every kind. There is a fully equipped plant For
bevelling and grinding glass, for silvering, chipping and embossing, and a large staff is constantly employed to enable the company to meet
the steadily increasing demands of the British
Columbia trade. Owing to this demand the company has found it advisable to increase the stock
of plate glass to 100,000 feet, and in order to accommodate this and other lines the adjoining property has been purchased and a building equal
in size to the present one will be built early next
also fitted up a strictly modem shop for the manufacture and repair of saws of all kinds. '1 Ins
will doubtless be of great benefit to 'lie many
customers of the Atkins Company, both on the
Sound and in British Columbia. The new branch
will be under the management of Mr. F. B, Leach,
who is well and favorably known all over the
Pacific Coast. Mr. Leach extends a warm welcome
to Hritish Columbia lumbermen and others when
ever  they  should  visit   Seattle.
is a growing industry and one that bids fair tn
attain  first  rank amongst  our  Provincial manu-
factories. 'I'he "Vanstone" boiler is the < nly hot
water boiler for heating purposes made in British
Among  the   catalogues   recently   received   is   a
leat little booklet, issued by the Beardmore Belt-
lg   Company,   of   Toronto,   calling   attention   to
leir special brand of Waterproof Cement Leather
Power users throughout Hritish Columbia will
be interested in learning that the Vancouver Engineering Works. Ltd.. of Vancouver, have completed arrangements with the Dodge Manufacturing Company, of Toronto, for their general
agency for Vancouver and the Mainland, ; ml also
the Yukon Territory. A nmst complete stock of
the celebrated Dodge Wood Split Pulleys is now-
carried in Vancouver ready for immediate shipment. Hy special arrangement all Dodge pulleys for the Coast trade are thoroughly nailed.
which, coupled with the already existing preference which has prevailed among the largest and
most important power users for the Dodge pulley, will no doubt make the Dodge still more popular. The Dodge pulley enjoys the distinction
of having an output and sale of pulleys exceeding  that  of  all   other  wood  pulleys  combined.
t   the   Schaake   Machine   Works,   New   West-
ster, there is being manufactured, two shingle
limes   specially   designed   by   Mr.   Schaake,  of
firm.     These   machines   are   being  built   for
Cotton  Shingle  Company of  Vancouver, and
ca|)able of cutting from two to three shingles
block  more  than  any  other  machine  on  the
ket at present.   There are also several other
ures   in   connection   with   the   machine   which
be   dealt   with   in   our   next   issue,   when   we
show   a  cut   and  give   full  details.
"he E. C. Atkins Company,    of    Indianapolis,
ire  recently  opened   a  branch   of  the   'house   in
fattle, at No. 313 Second Avenue S., where they
ill  carry  a  large   and  complete   stock   • i   saws,
iw  tools,   wood   and   steel   split   pulleys,   filing-
)in   machinery   and   the   numerous   other   lines
iised  by   Pacific   Coast   lumbermen.     They   have
The Vanstone Heating & Plumbing Company,
Limited, of Vancouver and New Westminster, are
busy people just now. The patent w Her tube
hot water boiler the "Vanstone," which they
manufacture,, is in great demand both locally
and throughout the Province. At this season
their orders for it ami steam and hoi water heating apparatus are especially numerous ind urgent. As a consequence the company's works at
New   Westminster   are   running   full   blast,     This
According to a man's nature is formed his opin
ion of the worth of any country, or section of
country. The man of small mould, small bom,
small eyes and small mind, sees British Columbia,
it- forests and mountains, its lakes and streams,
its roads, its towns and its people, and then trims
up hi- lips with a sneer. "It's jusl a sea of rock,"
grunts he, and passes on. But the small man is
not the only person who visits Canada's West
the half-way house to the Orient. Captain- of
industry, with broad experience and -till broader
mind-; engineering experts, fresh from the hall-
of science or tanned by the sunlight of a healthy
outdoor struggle with the pilaris spread by nature's teasing hand in tin- pathway of modern
progress, and bushy-browed, keen-eyed globe-
trotters make their way to the Canadian Pacific
Coast, each one in turn seeing something thai he
thinks can be equalled nowhere else in the world.
The captain of industry see- opportunities offered on every hand for the construction of rail-
Embody the latest improvements suggested by practical loggers. They are
strongest and most durable,  requiring least attention and fewest repairs.
Patent steam friction, Turner's patents, and our new lock lever friction devices. Over 750 Engines now in use in Washington, Oregon, California, British Columbia, Alaska, Nicaragua and the
Philippines.      Write us  your  requirements and we will send complete specifications and prices.
Washington Iron Works Go.
Engines and Boilers
We can offer you a better selection than any
other dealer in America.
J. L NEILSON & GO. Winnipeg
H. CAMERON, Manager
flooring, Ceiling, Siding, Ship Lap
Common Boards, Dimensions and Lath
ways, the inauguration of steamboat lines, the
opening of new avenues of trade with Japan, China, Australia, Mexico and South America. His
eyes fall on the mineral belts, and he is pleased.
They are attracted to the swarming halibut and
the oolachan schools, and he straightway knows
where a mint of money can be made. The engineer understands that in a land of tangled rock
and hill and stream the tracks of the captain of
industry are sure to be strewn with problems for
the solving of which he will be given alluring remuneration. So he rolls up his sleeves and prepares for work. The globe-trotter glances up at
the snow-covered peaks that flash and tremble in
the sunlight until the impressionable eye gives
them billowing motion and they become the "sea
of mountains" for which the West is famous.
When he writes home he tells his friends he has
found the tourist's paradise. Each sees in British
Columbia   something  the  other   has  not  noticed.
All of which goes to prove that the Pacific sea-
coast Province is so richly dowered by nature that
for each who comes to visit it can provide a
tempting field of enterprise from which it is difficult to turn away. Even the pessimist will find
pleasure in the rocks, the tough stumps and the
dismal rain.
But be he what he may, a financier or a tramp,
a parson or a card-sharper, a scholar or an ignoramus, there is one thing in British Columbia
which must impress everyone who travels through
the Province. This is its wealth of timber. The
fame of the Douglas fir has been spread broadcast,
and to the big mills of the Chemainus and Vancouver come sailing craft from Cape Town, Brisbane, Callao, Yokohama, Liverpool, Honolulu,
Mexico, and the Indies, seeking loads of lumber
for their home markets. In spite of the salmon,
the gold, the mountains and the fruit of the Province, the one thing for which British Columbia
is known above all others throughout the world is
its timber. As a matter of fact, not one acre in
a thousand in the seacoast Province is covered
with merchantable trees, but where the forest
monsters do grow they attain such a size and
gather so thickly together that but a comparatively small "limit" will yield a bounteous harvest of "board feet." Mr. Paterson, of the Tort
Moody mills, which were so disastrously visited
by fire this summer, is responsible for the estimated proportion of timbered and untimbered
land throughout British Columbia quoted above.
Naturally, as one of the most convenient shipping centres for both rail and vessel, Vancouver
is vitally interested in the success of the lumber
trade. Her mills are large, their cut extensive
and the number of men employed well up in the
thousands. Even before Vancouver commenced
to be a town, the B. C. Mills Timber and Trading
Company and the Port Moody Lumber Company
were busy reducing timber to commercial lumber,
and were bidding vigorously for foreign trade.
But with the advent of the C. P. R. and the building of Vancouver a new market was opened in
Manitoba and the Northwest. This market has
steadily grown, and with its growth has come a
rapid multiplication of the concerns competing
for its custom.    At the present time  the Coast
mills, of which those in Vancouver, New Westminster and Chemainus, form the most important
part, number twenty-one and have a yearly lumber capacity of 350,000,000 feet. In addition,
there are twenty-eight shingle mills, with a capacity of 600,000,000 shingles. Both of these outputs could be doubled in an emergency by running
night as well as day shifts.
Although the Territories and Manitoba take
the larger portion of the British Columbia lumber and shingle cut, trade has been pushed on into
Ontario. The manager of the Brunette sawmills
in New Westminster said a short time ago that
he found it profitable to ship as far east as Montreal and there to compete with the mills of the
Ottawa Valley. One explanation of this remarkable fact, he says, is that the British Columbia
shingles have won such favor with Ontario builders that even at a much higher price they prefer
them to all others, hence the demand.
Tn the early days of the industry the rougher
grades of lumber were shut out from the market
by the high transportation rates. All profits had
to be made out of the better grades. During the
past four years, however, through the extension
of the Northwest and Eastern markets, and the
increased demand for the local and foreign markets, conditions have been materially improved.
Lower freight rates have been obtained and better prices have prevailed. The rush to the Canadian wheat fields has proved a veritable gold
mine for the lumbermen of the Pacific Coast. Today the outlook is bright, for the lumber barometer (to-wit, the Northwest) continues to indicate "fair weather."
Amongst the "sights" shown every tourist when
he visits Vauconver is one or other of the Hastings, Royal City or Pacific Coast mills. The latter is the most recently erected and the most
thoroughly equipped. It is an interesting sight
to watch a big fir log, measurng anything from
four to six feet in diameter, as it is hauled up out
of the water by chains, clamped on a trvelling
support, and then run against the rough, rapidly
whirling teeth of an immense band saw. First
slabs, then boards are torn off as the huge car
swings back and forth until each of the four sides
has been trimmed down and a "stick" about three
feet square is left. Then the "B. C. toothpick"
is ready for shipment or to be sawn into heavy
planks, according to the expressed wishes of the
purchaser.   To the mill   it makes little difference.
Kalevan Kansa Colonisation Co.,
Red Cedar, Fir, Spruce and Hemlock
604 Cordova Street West VANCOUVER, B. C.
p. o. BOX 753
Advertisments will be inserted in this department
at the rate of 10 cents per line for each insertion, payable in advance.
WANTED —First-Class Cedar Logs. Apply at
Mill No. 2, Hastings Shingle Manufacturing Company,
Vancouver, B. C.
WANTED.—A logging engine.    W. T. Farrell, __L-
Room   10,  433  Granville  St.,  Vancouver.
WANTED.—Shingle bolts. Contracts made
for quantities. The Canada Shingle Company, Ltd., Hastings, B. C. P. O. Box 312,
Vancouver, B .C.
LOGS WANTED.—Wanted to buy cedar, lir
and spruce logs taken off Crown granted lands
Apply to J. S. Emerson, Vancouver.
We handle on commission all sorts of British
Columbia Lumber and Shingles, manufactured and
rough.    Please quote prices f.o.b. Toronto.
77 Adelaide St. Cast
(A. M. Can. Soc. C. E.) OTTAWA, CANADA
Surveys, Plans, Specifications and Supervision
Paper,   Pulp and Sulphite Fibre  Mills
Timber   Cruiser and  Valuator.
Twenty years' experience in the woods.
P. O. Box 602 Storage
Warehouse, 139 Water St.
Special attention given to dietrlbution
of Carload Freight
Timber and General Agent
433 Granville Street
Room 10. Fairfield Block
i! ■
Fine Cedar Lumber    \
and Shingles ....
Orders Solicited and Correspondence Promptly Attended to
tne flngell-Pumfrey Gyrating go'y.
Designers        engravers   -
Illustrators v
Only a few moments, and the largest of the felled forest monsters passes under the operating
blades and emerges in piles of neatly cut dimension timber, boards or planks.
Hundreds of now prosperous citizens of B. C.
owe their start in the west to early employment
■given by the lumbermen. When a now arrival
is down in his luck, he straightway goes to one
)f the lumber yards, and there, if lie is not afraid
»f hard toil and sore hand1-, he can secure work
|t a wage which will at least provide him with
|eans on which to subsist. Thus he can keep
pnself alive and well fed while looking around
|r an opening, and if he is economical he can
fen lay by a few odd dollars as a nest egg.
HToday Vancouver's lumber mills are working
[adily and yielding a golden tribute. As pop-
nation increases and the local demand provides
avenue through which much of the now wasted lower grades can be disposed of, the lot of the
Fmillmcn will be brightened and the lumber traffic of Canada's gateway to the Onrient will grow
with leaps and bounds. British Columbia has
the timber; her sons are ready to cut it. All that
is needed to set in motion a fresh avalanche of
trade is "the world as a market."
Ere closing it might be well to correct a certain popular mistake. When Canadians of tin-
East speak of the famous Douglas fir.they think
too frequently of huge trunks measuring fifty,
sixty or even a hundred feet in circumference.
This is wrong. There are. of course, unusually
large trees whose trunks are even as much as
thirty feet in diameter five feet from the ground;
but these are not ordinary specimens. The average size of the stump of the Douglas tir, cedar,
spruce and hemlock will not exceed four feet.—
Cott  L. North in "Acta Victoriana."
The following companies have received certificates of incorporation in British Columbia
since our last  report:
Cascade Mills, Limited, incorporated Nov. 7th.
1904. with a capital of $10,000; shares of $1.00
To acquire by purchase or otherwise timber
lands held under lease or license from the Crown
nr others, and to purchase or lease real estate
or other property. To carry on the business of
manufacturing shingles and lumber and all log
and timber products, and to erect, own. lease
and operate mills and factories for such purposes.
The Small & Bucklin Cumber Co., Limited,
incorporated on the 28th Nov.. with a capital of
$100,000. divided into  1,000 shares of $100 each.
To enter into and carry out an agreement
which has already been prepared and is expressed
to be made between the company of the one part
and George Small. Edgar H. Bucklin, E. J. Fader,
and Nathan S. Beardslee of the other part; a
copy of which agreement has. for the purpose
of identification, been subscribed bv J. D. Kennedy.  Solicitor  r.f  the  Supreme    Court;   to  pur-
chase, lease, or otherwise acquire and hold any
lands, timber berths, leases, limits and timber
lands of every description, mill proper-ty< mill
sites, water power, or other rights and privileges,
mill buildings, machinery, and other real . nd personal property, and to dispose of the same from
time, to time by way of sale, lease, mortgage, or
otherwise; and for the purpose of buying, acquiring, selling and taking out saw-logs, shingle
bolts, piles, and all other kinds of tinnier; and
of manufacturing the same into lumber oi all
kinds, and for buying and selling such manufactured lumber and generally for carrying on the
business of lumber merchants and manufacturers,
in all its branches, including the making ol sashes,
dour-, laths, shingles, boxes and other kinds ol
manufactured articles.
During the month of November there were
02 timber licenses issued; X were new licenses and
X4 renewals. These are thus apportioned to the
several districts:
South East Kootenay District       7
North  East  Kootenay  District       I
New Westminster District       10
West Kootenay District         5
East  Kootenay  District        17
Kootenay District       32
Coast District        1 1
Lillooet   District          9
Total        92
An extraordinary condition of affair- is communicated to the Montreal Star by an English
correspondent, who shows an unfair and unnatural
discrimination against Canadian timber- by the
Imperial Government. We can hardly conceive
that Canadians should be thus treated, but the
writer'-, experience leaves us no option;
"I heard this week a good illustration of tin-
way in which British Government departments
hamper the development of the imperial trade. A
large British timber manufacturer was recently
in British Columbia, and while there made it his
business to impure as tu tin- prospects of enlarged
trade between British Columbia and tin- country
in timber products. While going through some
of the British Columbia mills he noticed some excellent timber being prepared for --hip decks
"That is fine wood," he said, "no knots in it." "It
would be no good if it had knots," was the reply;
"it is intended for the decks of warships." Further inquiries elicited the fact that the contract
was for the United States navy. Naturally the
British manufacturer wanted to know whv tin-
same material could not be supplied to the British
Admiralty, and to that question the British Columbia  manufacturer could  give  no answer,
"When, however, the British manufacturer r< -
turned to England, he made inquiries, and found
that   the   Admiralty   deliberately   excluded   ('ana
dian timber from their contract-; that is to say
they specifically call for Swedish wood. Thereupon tin- British manufacturer applied to the Ad
miralty t" know u he could not till the contract
with British Columbia timber of equal quality and
equal price. The reply in effect was: 'You see the
specification, and you must abide by it, Ii ■. -,
-end m your tender for Canadian wood it would
not be received, and moreover we sin mid take
care not to give you the opportunity of tendering another time. You must observe the regulations.' Of course the matter cannot rest here,
and it i- pretty safe to say that when the I ■■
Lord of the Admiralty. Lord Selborne, ha- hi- attention called to tin- flagrant piece of departmental humbug he will see that Canada gets at least
equal  treatment.
Canadian Wood Barred.
"Take am ".her illustration. The great English
railway companies, of course, use a great deal of
wood for their trucks and other purposes. I was
shown tin- week a tender from one ol the great
railway companies, and noted that the specifications were for Swedish timber exclusively. I
made inquiries to discover whether Canadian umber would in-! be equally useful. 'Most certainly.'
wa-  the reply of one  large manufacturer,    lie t""
had gone to the railway company and pointed out
that tin- was an opportunity of giving Canada
some little return for her preference, but he was
effectually snubbed for In- pain-. It i- not so
easy to deal with a railway company a- it is with
a Government department, for railway companies
in these day- of keen competition are not so accessible to public opinion. Bui I believe that this
matter  also  will   receive  official   attention.
Will Import Norwegians.
"In   regard   to  the   British   Columbia  incident.
mentioned   in   the   previous   paragraph.   I   hear  "t
an  interesting development in   British  Columbia
industries.    A  number  of   English  capitalists "f
standing have formed a company  for the manufacture of paper from British Columbia pub', and
their proposal 1- t<> establish lar^'c pulp and paper
mill-   on   the   British   Columbia   seaboard,  to  e\n-
ploy the Finnish labor on the spot, and al-" import   Norwegians  for  any  additional  labor tltej
require.    Their market- will be China. Japan. India. South  America and  so on, and they have already received orders from leading Hritish paper-
makers, win. find it  to their advantage to supply
their South  American ami Far  Eastern customers
with paper made in   British Columbia rather than
importing the raw material into Great Britain a
making it here with all the heavy freights to ana
from which this course involves.    This Hidden    5
most interesting a- an illustration of the wjO
which  inter Imperial  trade is certain  to be deve-
oped m the near future.   There are limitless   P
portunities, of course,  in  Canada for the im
ment   of   Hritish   capital,   provided   only   that
local Canadian management is what it shnuli BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
We carry the largest stock of Wood Pulleys West of Toronto	
Every Pulley is sold under an absolute guarantee as to quality.
Our Steel Roller Bearing Dry Kiln Trucks Have No Equal \
We have recently added
to our works special
Machines and Tools for
making those Trucks,
which insures perfect
alignment of wheels and
aulas. Axles and Rollers
are made of refined steel.
Made in all sizes of
channels and lengths..
British Columbia I
3 H. P. Single Cylinder "UNION"
Marine Engine.
! !
Acme of Manufacture in Marine Engines.
Call and see us and we will demonstrate their superior merits from
our stock, or write us for Catalogue and prices.	
lice and Sture, 153 Hastings St.   VANCOUVER, B. C.   Machinery Warehouse, Powell St.
FOR keeping down the thickness of shingle saws and
thereby saving timber, we are now putting on the
market the above grinding machine.   Several of these
machines have been  running in different mills for some
It will at once be seen i iiat we have made a radical
change from anything at present on the market for this
purpose. The saws are ground much more quickly with
the grindstone than with the emery wheel. It is also
found that the grindstone does not roll the saws out of
shape as the emery wheels do.
The cut herewith printed shows the machine so clearly
that very little, if any, explanation is necessary. As will
be seen, the shaft on which the saw is fastened is driven
direct with the belt, the grindstone being driven with a
bevel gear andd pinion. The grindstone shaft is not at
right angles to the saw shaft, but at an angle corresponding to the taper on the saw, and the stone is made to move
back and forth by a cam. The angle can be made greater
or less by turning the eccentric sleeve in which one end of
the shaft runs. The position of the feeding cam can be
adjusted in or out by slacking up the bolts holding it
and pushing it in the direction wanted. The machine
is simplicity itself and, as will be seen, is very strongly


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