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British Columbia Lumberman Feb 29, 1904

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[No. 2.
Published Every Month.
D. Todd Lees,       :      :      :      :    Business Manager.
Terms of Subscription.
One year, Canada or the United States   $1.00
One year, Foreign Countries     1.50
Payable in Advance.
Advertising Rates on Application.
Office:   Room  2,  Pender Block, Granville  Street,
Vancouver, B. C.
Telephone 1196. P.  O.  Drawer 928.
Correspondence hearing upon any phase of the
lumber industry will be gratefully acknowledged
and discussion upon trade subjects invited.
To our Advertisers—The British Columbia
Lumberman has a guaranteed circulation of 2,000
copies. It will be found in every lumber mill,
lumber manufactory, logging camp, etc.. in the
Province and Puget Sound, besides all dealers in
lumber in the Northwest, and Canada generally.
To lumber manufacturers, lumber dealers and machinery makers no better medium has ever been
offered in the West.
at- Persons corresponding with advertisers in
the British Columbia Lumberman will confer a
favor by giving the journal credit for such correspondence.
With timber limits selling frequently, many
licenses for timber berths being taken out and
other signs of activity, it would appear that there
is much confidence in the stability of the lumber
market. That this confidence is felt by the manufacturers is fairly well confirmed by the fact
that many of them are improving their plants
and equipment to be ready for an active season's
operations. In particular this is true of the Interior districts. Never was there such activity in
lumbering and lumber manufacturing in the Koo-
tenays as at the present time. More mills are
building all the time, and that in addition to the
large increase in the cutting capacity of last season. The expansion is general. The West Kootenay district, with Revelstoke as a distributing
center, has a most gratifying history of development in lumbering during the past few months,
and the satisfactory development continues. In
Southeast Kootenay and Northeast Kootenay there
is further increase and in that portion of the Kootenay s of which Nelson may be called the center,
there is an equally pleasing advancement in the
lumber industry. The Coast district, with its many
large mills shows no addition to their number.
This is. perhaps, because the field is pretty well
filled. That no undue expansion is being experienced is, perhaps, a subject for congratulation.
There have been a great many mills, large and
small, erected in the past year or so, and while
others are projected, at the present moment there
is a cessation from building. But every mill is
being put in shape and kept in shape and preparation is well in hand for a big season for the
coming summer.
Looking afield for justification of all the confidence so evidently displayed on all hands in
the future of lumber for the season of 1904, it is
with the greatest satisfaction that the grain markets of the Northwest and Manitoba are seen to be
in most prosperous condition. It may be a far
cry from dollar wheat to good times in the lumber
market. But it is to be noted that at the present
moment the grain market is practically paying a
dollar a bushel cash for wheat in Winnipeg,
When the farmers of the Canadian Northwest are
getting 50 cents a bushel for their wheat and have
a good crop it is considered that they are doing
fairly well. With wheat at a dollar a bushel the
Manitoba farmers may be said to be lolling in the
lap of fortune. Certain it is that the proportion of
the crop yet to be marketed makes it a very material factor in the amount of money which the
increased amount of money will put in circulation
in the Canadian Northwest. But there is another
light which the present activity and the high
prices of wheat will reflect to the advantage of
the trade in the Northwest. It is the number of
people who will turn their attention to that country as a desirable location for settling. Already
there has been a wonderful movement, resulting
in the past three years in settling thousands
of sturdy men on the farming lands of the Northwest.
The advance in the price of wheat, the great
cash crop of the prairie lands and a crop which is
soon being raised even by new settlers will very
materially increase the interest which has been
growing year by year in the rapidly filling lands
of the Northwest. It is a very safe prediction
that this year there will be a bigger movement
than ever of people from the more thickly populated districts of the United States and of England
and Europe. In this large addition to the population of the country is a potent factor for increasing the trade which this Province will do in lumber. The new settlers must have buildings and
have them quickly. The majority nowadays of the
average settler coming to the Northwest brings
with him a fair amount of capital, modest in some
cases, but never too small to obtain the needed
supplies for building. The thousands of new farm
houses which will be dotted over the prairies of
the Northwest in the coming summer will nearly
all be built from lumber manufactured in British
In Eastern Canada the outlook so far would indicate that there is to be a fair trade in the coming season. Year by year Eastern Canada looks
more to this Coast for lumber supplies and as
there is no question of the steady and substantial
advancement of the growth of the population and
business in the east, the trade may be expected
to keep pace with the growth of the east. A
burning question in the trade of the east as it is
indeed with the Canadian Northwest is the transportation problem. As fully referred to in other
portions of this issue that subject has been moat
carefully gone into by the representatives of all
interests, the manufacturers, the lumber dealers,
and the railway company uniting to study the matter and endeavor to get down to a basis from
which an amelioration of present conditions may
be reached. That this transportation problem
has been made very much more difficult by the
lively entrance of Washington lumbermen into the
Canadian Northwest market is recognized, and to
that end there is a strong movement to restrict
■them in all possible ways. It is apparently settled that the shippers and the railway (C. P. R.)
have agreed on a basis of reduction which will
meet the tariff handicap under which the mills
on this side labor. There is the further effort
being made to secure from the Dominion Government a tariff imposition equal to the $2 imposed
by the United States tariff on Canadian lumber.
Were both these carried through it would surely
place the Canadian mills in a position of advantage over the competitors south of the 49th parallel.
That there is likely to be a slackening of competition felt in the Northwest market of recent
months is indicated by several considerations in
the United States. One of these is that the mills
have been rapidly curtailing their output, by shutting down and reducing the hours, and in other
ways. This has had the effect of getting stocks
down nearer to the basis of demand. The existence of heavy surplus stocks, which must be got
rid of somewhere and somehow, is not conducive
to settled conditions and the United States mills
recognize that fact as well as the mills on this
side which have been put in the unfortunate position of being victims of the slaughter tactics
adopted to get rid of the undesirable surplus.
Among other factors which stimulate building in
the United States it may be noted that the great
fire in Baltimore destroying $125,000,000 of prop-
ery must necessitate a great amount of activity.
There are indications all around that the mills of
the U. S. Western States will pay attention more
strictly to their own trade this season.
The effect of the war on the trade of Canada
generally cannot yet be measured. It is reasonably certain, however, that the lumber trade cannot be very much disturbed. The cargo traffic from
this Coast has been reduced to two mills for the
past year or so, and it is quite likely that those
mills, with their old connection, will continue to
get their regular proportion of the trade. In the
effect upon trade generally in Canada lumber will
be adversely influenced or otherwise, according
as the war had a good or ill effect. Canada's Interest in the trouble centers around the grain export trade and the Canadian Pacific railway. A
prolonged war might raise the price of wheat
still further, but unless England became involved
this would be problematical. The business of the
C. P. R. in the Far East may be disturbed by the
war. All will depend upon the extent of naval
operations in the way of mining the harbors and
putting on blockades. Nothing but a blockade
would prevent the running of neutral merchant
vessels to the ports, and if no interruption is experienced the trans-Pacific trade of the C. P. R.
may be very much increased by the war. wmMmmmmmmmvm
JHIis-ebalmm Company
The Edward P. Allls Co.,
Fraser & Chalmers Co.,
Gates Iron Works,
Dickson Mfg. Co.,
Saw Mill Machinery
Edgers, Trimmers,        Slashers,
Live Rolls, Transfers,
Transmission Machinery,
Steam Swing and Jump Saws,
Reynolds' Corliss Engines,
Power Set Works,
Carriages,       Log Jacks,        Canters,
Log Loaders,       Log Kickers,
Simonson Log Turners,
IHH^B    Steam Feeds. ^IHHI
Seattle Office :        505 Lumber Exchange Building.
H. S. MITCHELL, Manager
NEW YORK, Empire Building
BOSTON, Board of Trade Building
PITTSBRUG, Frick Building
MINNEAPOLIS, Corn Exchange Bldg.
DENVER, 1649 Tremont St.
SALT LAKE CITY, 209 S.W. Temple
SPOKANE, Washington
LONDON, ENG., 533 Salisbury House.      JOHANNESBURG, South Africa.
SAN FRANCISCO, Hayward Bldg.
SEATTLE, Lumber Exchange Bldg.
CHARLOTTE, N. C, Trust Bldg.
NEW ORLEANS, Hennen Bldg.
ATLANTA, GA., Equitable Bldg.
1. Timber on lands granted prior to
April 7, 1887, is subject to the tax sections
and schedules in the Land Act Amendment Act, 1903, which passed the Legislature on December 12, 1903, and is now
in force.
2. Timber on lands granted subsequent
to April 7 1887, is subject to royalty under Section 58 of the Land Act.
3. Timber or Crown lands, whether
held under lease, license or otherwise, is
subject to royalty, Section 58, Land Act.
Classified as above—
1. Exportable, subject to tax, as per
schedules of new act.
2. Exportable on payment of royalty,
50 cents per thousand.
3. Not exportable.
There has been no section of the new Act
amending the Land Act, which has come in for
such discussion and difference of opinion, as that
under which the export tax on timber cut on
Crown-granted lands, is levied. This is sub-section 2, of Section 58, of the Land Act as it existed
previous to the passing of the amendments. This
sub-section is as follows:
"There shall be due and payable to His Majesty, his heirs and successors, a tax upon all timber cut within the Province of British Columbia,
save and except that upon which a royalty is reserved by the previous sub-section, or that upon
which any royalty or tax is payable to the Government of the Dominion of Canada, which tax shall
be in accordance with the following schedules:"
(Here follow the schedules as printed in last
The previous sub-section (1), which was
drafted in the bill as first presented to the House
designated that a royalty of 50 cents per thousand
should be paid for all timber cut on leaseholds
from the Crown. But that clause was struck out
in the bill as finally passed and approved. Therefore the original clause of sub-section (1) of the
Land Act stands. That clause or sub-section
58. There is reserved to and for the nse of
His Majesty, his heirs and successors, a royalty
of 50 cents for every thousand feet, board measure, upon and in respect of all timber suitable for
spars, piles, saw logs, or railroad ties, props for
mining purposes, shingle or other bolts of cedar,
fir or spruce, and a royalty of 25 cents for every
other cord of wood, cut upon Crown lands, patented lands, timber leaseholds, or timber limits, and
upon any lands hereafter granted. Piles shall
be measured by the running foot, and railway ties
and props shall be measured by the cord; and for
the purpose of this Act 200 running feet of piles
or one cord of ties or props, shall be taken respectively as equal to one thousand feet board
meausre. (1890. .c, 28 s2.)
The crux of the whole matter lies in that word
"hereafter." By that was meant and so construed
obviously that all timber cut on lands granted after
the passage of the clause were to pay a royalty
of 50 cents per thousand board measure.
The clause 58 was passed and first became law
on April 7, 1887. Therefore the royalty anplies
to timber on lands granted after April 7, 1887.
Now clause or subsection (2) of Section 58,
refers to the enactments of Clause (1) as follows: "except that upon which royalty is reserved
by the previous sub-section."
Had the original sub-section (1), as submitted
to the House when the amendment, bill was
brought down, been left in the difficulty would
not have arisen. There would have been no
question that timber on all lands, no matter
when or how granted, would be subject to the export tax. But the elision of that sub-section (1)
from the bill when it was finally amended and
passed left the original first clause, printed above,
in force. Therefore the new sub-section (2) quoted above, refers to the old sub-section (1). and it
is clear as stated that the "hereafter" in that
clause, makes all the difference in the world. It
makes all timber on lands granted before the original nassage of that clause pay the export tax
but all timber on lands granted after that date
gets off with payment of the royalty.
There is a grain of comfort, however, to the
holders of grants which are caught on the export
tax. Tf the timber is manufactured into lumber
in the Province all the taxes or dues paid in excess of "one cent per thousand feet." are rebated,
so that it nets an advantage over the other grants
in case timber from the latter is manufactured
into lumber in the Province, as in that case there
is no rebate. They pay the full 50 cents per thousand.
The return of the delegation of lumbermen who
went down to Winnipeg to discuss the lumber situation with the Retail Dealers' Association of
Manitoba and the Northwest Territories and with
the C. P. R., marked the first step towards a conclusion of arrangements whereby it is expected
that some relief will be afforded the consumers
of the Northwest and at the same time secure
more fully to the manufacturers, the market of
that country.
The Vancouver representatives who have returned are E. H. Heaps, of the E. H. Heaps
Company; Mr. P. D. Roe, of the Canadian Pacific
Lumber Company, Port Moody and Mr. H. DePen-
cier, manager of the North Pacific Lumber Company, Barnet. Mr. C. M. Beecher of the B. C.
Mills, Timber & Trading Company, and Mr. L. A.
Lewis, of the Brunette Saw Mills Company, proceeded to Montreal after the conference at Winnipeg was over. The representatives of the Mountain Lumber Asociation, of the interior of British
Columbia, also returned direct.
The feelings expressed by the returned delegates are that if the propositions are carried
through as suggested at the conference, the lumbermen of British Columbia will be able to compete on a fair basis with the lumber shipped
into the Canadian Northwest from the mills of
Washington and other western States. At the
conference, which was carried out in the best
spirit all the way through, while many matters of
interest to the trade were discussed, the important point was, of course, the freight rates
and their bearing on the competition of lumber
from the United States.
A deputation was sent from the conference to
Mr. W.* Whyte, vice-president of the C. P. R.,
with a proposition regarding the efforts to meet
the importation of lumber. It was, in brief, that
the lumber manufacutrers would, on their part,
make a general reduction of $1.00 per thousand
on all lumber, if the C. P. R. would reduce their
freight rate of 40 cents per hundred pounds to
38 cents per 100 pounds. This would make about
the same concession from the railroad company,
or a net reduction of $2 per thousand on lumber
to the dealers in the Northwest and Manitoba.
It will be noted that this is just equal to the handicap the lumbermen are under in exporting to the
United States by reason of the United States tariff of $2 per thousand on lumber imported.
The delegates say that Mr. Whyte, while not
pledging the C. P. R. company, expressed himself
very favorably toward the proposition and promised to support it in every way in submitting it
to the authorities at Montreal, where a decision
will have to be given. When this reduction comes
in force the lumbermen here think they can hold
the market of the Northwest successfully against
all-comers, except on such occasions as that arising last fall when there was a big over-production
in the mills of the western states, and the surplus
was put on the Manitoba market at bargain-day
Discussing the utterances made by Mr. Whyte
a month ago on the attitude of the C. P. R. to the
lumber manufacturers, one of the delegates said
he thought the gentleman had been rather misrepresented. From his whole tone in discussing the
situation, they felt that Mr. Whyte had in mind
only the interests of the settlers of the Northwest,
with the object of fostering rather than discour-
ing immigration. They think that he would have
hardly gone to the length of erecting mills for
the company. What might have been done would
have been to arrange with some saw mill company
to erect and operate a mill or mills on the railway company's lands in Kootenay and cut the
lumber for the Northwest market under the most
favorable conditions possible.
There will be no changes in the prices of lumber at the Mountain mills this year. This was
practically the summary of the negotiations at
the convention of mill owners at Winnipeg during
the past week at which the question of prices
and tariffs were thoroughly discussed and means
suggested to make the burdens of securing lumber in the west fall as lightly as possible on the
consumer while still retaining for the manufacturer a reasonable margin of profit. The delegates held several long conferences with the officials of the C. P. R., and it is believed that they
succeeded in convincing them that the retailers
are not responsible for the seemingly high prices
of the commodity In the Canadian west.
The American competition in the more easterly part of the country has caused some apprehension among the Canadian manufacturers and
a method of dealing with it had to be discussed
at the convention. That the United States mill
owner is able to place lumber on the Canadian
market at a lower price than the home producer
was explained by the fact that the former is in
the business on a larger scale, having much more
extensive limits and an equally larger market.
He produces an immense quantity of lumber of
all grades and on account of the favorable duty
can dump his surplus stock on the Canadian market at a lower price than can the home mill owner
The retail lumber dealers claim that unless they
patronize the American mills they would be subjected to an unfair competition while the foolishness of this contention is shown by the fact that
they themselves first started this trade.
The Canadian manufacturer is up against unusually heavy running expenses and has not the
extensive market to draw revenue from, hence
in the natural course of things the prices on this
side of the border are bound to be somewhat
higher than those ruling in the United States.
One of the members of the Mountain Association
in referring to this phase of the question said:
"The majority of the people on the outside
think that because a man is in the lumber business he must necessarily be making a fortune.
Nothing could be more absurd as it has been
amply proven that the actual sawing of the logs
i3 a most unprofitable occupation in itself.
Most of the lumbermen of Eastern Canada who
!are wealthy did not make their money by the
actual manufacturing of lumber, but reaped the
profit from the natural increase of the values
of the limits which they had the good fortune
to hold. In the Mountain section those of us
who have limits expect that they will increase
in value and that we will have p.n opportunity
to reap some profit in that way. We are not
by any means making a fortune out of our
operations in the sawmills."
The questions regarding the lowering of the
freight rates by the C. P. R. was not settled but
the delegates feel confident that a satisfactory solution will be arrived at. A committee composed
of delegates from the Coast, Mountains and the
Eastern section was appointed to further wait upon the railway officials and stay with the task until some conclusion was arrived at.
The increase in taxation upon the timber cut
within the Province, especially as it relates to
logs for export, as provided for by the recent enactment of an amendment to the Land Act, is already having its effect, as may be seen from the
following despatch:
"Bellingham, Thursday, Jan. 14.—Success Is
crowning the efforts of the British Columbia
government in its attempt to keep American mill
owners from obtaining their log supply from that
side of the line. In retaliation for the American
tariff on Canadian lumber, the British Columbia
government has placed a heavy stumpage charge
on all timber cut in the Province for export.
"As this did not accomplish all that was desired, additional restrictions will make is impossible for American mill men to operate camps
on the British Columbia side have been imposed,
and it is these which are effective.
"The E. K. Wood Lumber Company of this
city, yesterday announced that they have given
up the fight, and in the future will dispose of their
product to Canadian mill men or close down their
camps." t
The system of taxation inasmuch as the preserving of our forest wealth to our own people
is concerned, must be fully appreciated, though
it will affect many men employed in the logging
camps by American mill men. However, the relations between the State of Washington and
British Columbia in regard to the lumber industry have for some time been assuming conditions
similar to those that formerly existed between
the State of Michigan and the neighboring Province of Ontario. Some eight or nine years ago
the Ontario government found that the great lumbering and milling industry, which had previously
flourished for years on Georgian Bay, was in a
state of almost complete paralysis, and that Canadian companies which had built up large businesses in developing this source of the country's
wealth were becoming seriously crippled, if indeed
they were not on the brink of bankruptcy. An
investigation by the authorities indicated the
source of trouble and pointed to the remedy to
be applied. *>**'■   o I ■
It was discovered that the great nine forests
of the State of Michigan had become almost exhausted. The merchantable timber which they
contained had been slaughtered with a ruthless
disregard to the future. The Michigan lumber
men and mill operators were accordingly compelled to look for another source of supply or to
a very considerable extent go out of business.
They found on the Canadian side of Lake Huron
boundless forests containing the choicest marketable pine, which had practically been untouched.
They at once entered into competition with the
Canadian operator, and having almost unlimited
capital at their back, they were able to obtain
possession of limits of great extent and immense
value. Without delay they adopted in Ontario
the methods which they had pursued in Michigan.
But not only did they slaughter our timber; they
attempted and very nearly succeeded in ruining
the whole milling indudstry on Georgian Bay.
Their mode of procedure was that of invasion.
Their forces of workmen, their supplies, everything necessary to the work of robbing the forests of their timber were imported from the United States, and when the logs reached the water
they were immediately towed across the lake
to the Michigan mills, where they were converted
into lumber. Nor was this all. The lumber thus
obtained was placed on the Canadian market in
competition with the product of the Ontario mills
and  undersold  it.
When these facts were placed before it the Ontario Government had nothing to do but to place a
tax on export logs, and this was done, with the
result that the Americans found it unprofitable
to operate camps in Ontario for the destruction of
the Canadian industry.
If the same conditions have not hitherto prevailed on this Coast, the time was at hand when
they would exist. The Washington timber is not
as good as ours, and it is by no means as plentiful.
Indeed, the mill and lumber men across the border
line have for some time now regarded our almost
inexhaustible forests as preserves on which they
begin operations as soon as their own had commenced to fail. The action of the Government,
therefore, in placing an embargo on their enterprise here and retaining this great source of
wealth for our own people is eminently wise and
The manner in which the subject has been
presented to the press would lead one to suppose
that mills are being closed down and large investments of capital either lost or rendered unprofitable. But such is by no means the case. Complaints were lodged and representations made to
the Government against the tax, but upon strict
enquiry we find that these were really made by
some parties from the other side of the boundary
who had purchased timber lands in British Columbia with the intention of cutting and exporting
the logs to Sound mill men for manufacture
there. The complainants, we understand, have
not erected a mill in this Province, nor did they
intend doing so, and they seriously weakened
their cause when they made the assertion that
by manufacturing their logs on the other side
of the boundary they have both the American
and Canadian markets available. Tt would be
difficult to find a stronger argument in favor of
the Government's recent legislation than is thus
presented by the words of the interested critics.
Mr. Nichol Thompson, of the N. Thompson
Co., returned a few weeks ago from a three
months' trip to eastern cities, whither he had
been in the interest of the proposed new dry dock.
Interviewed by The Lumberman. Mr. Thompson
says that he met with romnlete sncress in the
financing of the proposed scheme. His plans for
the dry dock have been accepted by the Dominion
Government and the Government subsidy assured.
According to the terms of the subsidy which
the Dominion Government has already granted.
a bonus of three per cent, will be paid on any
amount up to $1,000,000 which may be expended
in the construction of a dry dock. This arrangement is to continue in force for twenty years after the completion of the dock and its subsequent
use. Mr. Thompson stated that work would be
commenced on the construction of the dry dock
before May 1, in accordance with the provisions
of the subsidy. Another clause in the agreement
provided that the dock must be finished inside
of three years from May, 1904, but Mr. Thompson
is confident that it will be completed and ready
for use in eighteen months or two years at the
"The dock will be of the Moating variety," said
Mr. Thompson, "and will have an inside length of
500 feet with a width of a hundred feet. This
will give accommodation to vessels of eleven thousand tons displacement. There will lie a depth
of thirty feet of water over the sill, so thai the
deepest vessel can be accommodated. I have been
very successful in securing the necessary finances
to go ahead with the work, and I am confident
that such a dock will get all the business it can
Preliminary work is now under way in the
works of N. Thompson & Co, and from the class
of work which this firm turn out it i i an assured
fact that from point of structure the dry dock will
be perfect in every detail. Mr. Thompson has
been working on the proposition for the last twelve
years, and from his intimate experience in marine
engineering nothing will be wanting in the arrangements to make the venture a complete success.
The papers of the prairie are making a big kick
about Hie request tor a tariff on lumber, What
would they say If there was a requesl to take off
the tariff on farm products, cattle, sheep, hogs and
horses'.' And yet that very tariff renders it Impossible for the Kootenay lumbermen t<> compete with
the manufacturer on the other side of the bound
ary line
Does any retail dealer in lumber cul down the
price of his lumber to the consumer, when he
buys it for $2 a thousand less from the United
states manufacturer? Then how is a tariff of $2
going t" add any burden on the settler?
The British Columbia manufacturers are only
asking for lair play.    They are net  asking tor any
special privileges.
Cranhrook  I terald.
If Canada is going to afford protection to any
industry, it should extend the same shelter to all.
That is why the Herald favors a tax on lumber..
The Schaake Machine Works of New Westminster. B. C, has opened a branch factory at Seattle, where they will make a specialty of manufacturing the Johnson's Improved uprighl shingle
machine for the American market. The demand
for the machine has Ween so greal that the com
pany deemed it to the interest of the patrons to
open the Seattle branch. Mr. Thatcher will he
the Seattle manager.
Jan.   26-
"     27-
Mch.    1-
i 2-
Name and Rig.
-Russian ship Syltid   	
-British   barque   Eudara   	
-Am.  sch.  W.  H. Talbot   	
-German  ship  Maipo   	
-American  barque  Hesper   	
British ship Rajore  	
-Brit. bk. County of Dumfries. ...
-American sch. Carrier Dove  . ..
-British   ship   Eva   Montgomery..
-American   bktn.   Makaweli
-British   ship   William   Mitchell..
-Am.   sch.   Balboa   	
-British  barque  Ivanhoe   	
-British  barque  Trongate   	
-British   ship   Canada   	
-American ship Rence  	
-German barque Gustav & Oscar
-Am. sch.  W. H. Talbot   	
-British   barque   Falkirk   	
-Dritishship   Mylomene]   	
-British ship Craigmore   	
-Nor.   barque   Abysinia    	
-German  barque  Liba   	
-British   barque   Highlands   ....
Tons.     Destination.
Natal, S. A	
U.  K	
Callao and  [quique
|U. K	
r. k	
Natal,  S.   A	
r. k	
U. K	
ISydney, N. S, W.
Natal, S.  A	
' E.   London,  S,  A.
Sydney.   N.   S.   W.
Philadelphia ....
Sundry   Shipments.
Fiji  Islands   	
U. K	
('■rand   total
•'eel.    B.    M.
$   10.095
11.:: 12
866,41 1
12..".5 1
1 1,211
1 1,399
2N.:: !'..<> 11
i          2,57.".
!    1,701.000
'    $   10.712
Tons.    Destination.
( i
-W.   R.   Hume   ....
-Ad   Tegethoff   	
-W.  H.  Smith   	
-Semantha,   British
-Port Stanley   	
1 500
| Calcutta  	
j South  America
| South  Africa  . .
j England 	
j South  Africa  . .
j England  	
j South America
| England   	
South  Africa  . .
South  America
South  America
South  Africa   . .
Australia   ....
Australia   ....
South Africa  . .
South  Africa . .
South Africa . .
South America
South Africa  . .
South Africa  . .
$25,306 80
10,984   34
31,692  12
28,065 27
19,885 ::::
, 32,952 30
9,755 28
23,591   11
24.445 40
7,970 48
10,813 35
2.12.:. 064
27,117 95
!  21,585 00
825  00
15,001  35
'   10,051   52
1 i::.8i)i 77
! 15,301 31
I 19,105 87
' 34,742 82
!  27,987 46
I  20,020 29
I  2!).834 14
H. DePENCIER, Manager
North Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd.
^ eoWwbia Fir> Spruce an" ^
Mills on Burrard Inlet and Canadian Pacific Railway
p.   o.   BOX  377
Cor. Granville and Drake Streets
..The Leading Grocers
Lumbermen's, Loggers' and Miners'
Supplies given Special and Careful Attention
'if 6
L/orresponctence       I
From our Special Correspondents,
Victoria, February 1.—The present condition
of the lumbering  industry is  as satisfactory as
can be reasonably expected, considering the time
of year and the assaults made upon it by unscrup
ulous competitors.   The recent break in prices on
the Sound has failed in its design in  the sense
that it has had no appreciable effect upon local
prices, although it has created the impression In
the minds of eastern  buyers that it would have
that tendency for so far the market has not re
sponded to the drop. Of course the present 'tween
season lull has its inevitable effect upon business
genesrally, the lumber market included, but no apprehension exists that the coming season's trans
actions will fall short of those of former years.
in fact,  the expectation  is  expressed  that  1904
will   see  a considerably  increased  output and   a
ready market for all the lumber and mill products
which Vancouver Island mills can manufacture
In support of this contention  it is  pointed    out
that the mills  of the Mainland,  working double
shifts, will not be able to supply the wants of the
Territories  and  Manitoba and  that    the    Island
mills will bo called on to make up the shortage. The
thousands of settlers who are invading the prairie
country like an army of conquest; the many new
villages  and  towns  springing up  like  the  crea
tions  of enchantment  in  all  directions;   the  as
tonishingly rapid growth of Calgary, Edmonton,
Moose Jaw, Regina, Brandon, Portage la Priarie
and Winnipeg all tend to prove that British Co
lumbia's lumber industry will enjoy an unparallel
led  prosperity within  the next  few  months  and
that those loggers who ceased operations early
in the season because "logs were a drug on the
market" will be upbraiding themselves for their
want of forethought.   The one big Canadian Paci
fie Railway contract in Winnipeg, which includes
an immense new hotel, station, car sheds, offices,
etc., will require almost a season's output of an
ordinary mill, and it is only one of the many big
contracts which will be let this spring in the mid
die east.   Local lumbermen can therefore aford to
smile  at the  pessimistic tone  assumed  by certain eastern contractors, feeling that it is prompt
ed by a desire to bear the market.
January shipments from Victoria and the Island generally have been small, but all the mills
are busy filling local orders and adding to their
stock. Only one vessel loaded at Chemainus dur
ing the month, the bark Hydra, which took 573,
718 feet for Autofagasta.
Outside of the regular local work, very little
being done in the woods.   The Victoria Lumber
ng and Manufacturing Company, Chemainus, the
adysmith Lumber Company, the Shawnigan Lake
umber Company and Frank Lloyd,  Westholme,
ave their regular gangs of loggers at work on
eir own limits, but no logs are being cut for ex
rt,  thanks  to the recently enacted  law.    The
entlemen from the United States who were oper
■ting in the vicinity of Nanaimo, cutting logs for
the Washington saw mills, have ceased work and
are contemplating building a large saw mill at or
near Nainaimo.   They are asking the citizens of
Nanaimo for a bonus and other concessions    in
consideration  of establishing their plant in the
Shingle making has never been made a spec
ialty on Vancouver Island, the local supply being
secured from the Say ward and Ladysmith mills
and the Mainland. It would be hard to say why
this branch of the business has been so neglect
ed in the past, for there is no part of the Province
which possesses a better supnly of material and
shipping facilities. A protective tariff for Cana
dian made shingles would no doubt be an answer
to the question and an incentive to the establish
ment of shingle mills on the Island.
The local firm of Lemon, donasson & Co., contemplates extensive additions to its already large
plant. These will include a saw and planing mill
of sufficient capacity to supply their sash and door
factory with all the necessary raw material.
Black & Co. report inquiries for choice lots
of lumber from several points in Eastern Canada
and the United States. F. I. C.
ress the mills had to close down thus limiting the
output considerably.
Figures obtained from the C. P. R. and Great
Northern railway and from J. R. Martin of Nelson
the latter being the Resident Provincial Assistant
Lumber Inspector for a large part of the Koot-
enays. show up some interesting details, for in
stance, the list of saw mill companies operating
in East Kootenay and in West Kootenay as far
west as the Columbia river, including in addition
Rossland and China Creek show the following
properties—in each case a sawmill being dosig
In East Kootenay—Creston, The G. O. Buchan
an Company; Cranbrook, Ryan, Rhoda, and .laf
fray. The East Kootenay Lumber Company, four
mills; Moyie, Moyie Lumber Company; Morrissey
Morrissey Lumber Company; Palmer's Bar, A
Wall & Co.; Wardner and Sparwood, Crow's Nest
Pass Lumber Company, two mills; Cranbrook
Harley's, Cranbrook Sash and Door Factory, King
Mercantile Company, Robinson-MacKenzie Lum
ber Company; Fernie, Fernie Lumber Company.
Fernie Manufacturing Co., Cedar Valley Improve
ment Co., Elk Lumber and Manufacturing Co.;
Crow's Nest, Foster Lumber Co.; Cariboo Creek.
Cariboo Lumber Co.; Perry Creek, Perry Creek
Hydraulic and Mining Co., and a small mill just
completed; Fort Steele Junction, Ryan & Mc
Nabb; Elkhorn, The Hayea Lumber Co.; Marys
ville, Marysville Lumber Co., Laurie Lumber Co.;
Athelmar, Athelmar Lumber Co.; Golden, Colum
bia River Lumber Co. Total mills in East Koot
enay, 28.
In West Kootenay—east of Columbia River
and including Rossland and China Creek to the
west—Nelson, Kootenay River Lumber Co.; Ymir
Porto Rico Lumber Co.; Rossland and China
Creek, Blue & Deschamp, two mills; West Rob
son, Yale-Columbia Lumber Co.; Pargston, Parg
ston Lumber Co.; Arrowhead, Ludgate, Arrow
head Saw and Planing Mill, Comaplix Harbor
Lumber Co., Camborne and Revelstoke. three
mills; Revelstoke, Revelstoke Lumber Co.; Trout
Lake City, Trout Lake Mill; Ferguson. Smith &
Labeau; Slocan Lake, Hill Brothers ;Winlaw Sid
ing, Winlaw & Co.; Salmo, Kootenay Saw and
Shingle Mill. Total mills in West Kootenay und
er boundaries: As above, 19; East Kootenay, 28;
Grand total, 47.
About ten new plants were erected during 1903
in the sections referred to, but in almost every
instance the plants already in existence have
largely increased their capacity, in some cases
more than doubling it. The increase in the year's
cut has been very large, over 1902, and will be
still greater this year, as, pending the changes
and alterations referred to many of the plants-
had to close down, hence the work was limited
The total lumber production in Southern
Kootenay and Yale for 190:', is estimated by G
O. Buchanan of Kaslo at 109,000,000 feet, valued
at $1,635,000. The average value of the lumber
being taken at $15 per 1,000 feet.
The bulk of the cut has gone into the North
west Territories, the C. P. R. sending east about
12 cars daily on the average. The export of lum
ber of all kinds over the C. P. R. into the Terri
tories in round numbers for 1903 is about CO,
000,000 feet of about the value of $800,000.
F. C.  M.
Nelson, Feb. 2.—The rise and progress of the
lumber industry in the Kootenays during 1903
was one of the leading features of the year and
for the current year the industry promises to
make a much greater showing. Last year many
of the mills doubled and trebled their capacity
and during the time that alterations were in prog
Vernon, Feb. 10.—The Okanagan valley has
long been conceded to be one of the richest agri
cultural distriets in the Province but other industries, such as mining and lumbering lend to
make it a prosperous valley. Mining, although in
its infancy, will prove to be a tower of strength
to  the valley.
At present there are five saw mills in operation, at Enderby. Armstrong. Kelowna, Peach
land and Summerland, with several small portable mills in operation near Vernon, the average
daily capacity of these mills being from 10 to 20
M, and they have found it somewhat difficult in
the past to supply the local demand.
The Okanagan Lumber Company, of Enderby,
are increasing their cutting capacity, and expect
to be in a position this spring to supply a considerable quantity to the Territories. The Sash
and Door Factory at Vernon, besides doing a retail lumber business, have in their employ from
15 to 25 men the year round, and have several
carload orders for the Territories for spring delivery, and such has been the demand upon them
that they are increasing their capacity and instal
ling new and more modern machinery to be in
made upon them. J.
Winnipeg. Feb. 1.—The retail lumber dealers
of Western Canada are making things somewhat
hot for Mr. Whyte, second vice-president of the
Canadian Pacific Railway, who recently made a
statement in the local papers to the effect that
the lumber trade as conducted at present was not
satisfactory to the railway company, and that unless the dealers decided to cut down their rates
the Company would itself go into the retail business, establishing mill and lumber yards, the
product of the forest to be distributed at. the various stations on the road through the regular
agents at such places.
This statement from the high oflicials of the
Company is looked upon by the dealers as a bid
for popularity among the settlers, for whom the
C. P. R. professes great solicitude, but it is acting as somewhat of a boomerang. The dealers
have unearthed a few kicks against the railway
company which under ordinary conditions should
have remained in the background, but now those
whose means of livelihood has been attacked, as
they were on the vice-president's statement, do
not believe in being assailed by what they claim
as a most unjust accusation.
Mr. Whyte said that settlement in the West
was being retarded through the price of lumber
being held up at a combine figure by the Retail
Lumber Dealers' Association. In defense of the
Association as a reply to Mr. Whyte's assertions,
D. E. Sprague, the well-known local lumberman,
"There has from time to time appeared in the
press much unfavorable and unjust criticism of
the Lumbermen's Association, sometimes by politicians, whose motives, it may be fairly assumed,
were not by any philanthropic desire to protect
the public, but for reasons of a much more personal nature, either political advantage or personal gain. Other criticisms have been made by
those originally members of the Association, who
did not consider the rules and regulations sufficiently rigid to meet their views, and therefore
sought such advertising as opposition to the association would give them. All such criticisms
were not entitled to either answer or explanation.
Now that a prospective competitor has appeared
in no less a company than the C. P. R., through
its manager, Mr. Whyte.who gives a lengthy interview to the press, not complimentary to the Association, it. is only fair that the public should be
given the facts. Mr. Whyte's unjustifiable statements may be due to the fact that for the past
year he has not been as intimately connected
with the operation of the C.P.R. as formerly, and
in consequence would not have so great a knowledge of the conditions obtaining throughout the
country regarding the lumber supply, or the very
unsatisfactory service provided by his company
for the transportation of the necessary supplies,
or it may be that Mr. Whyte has been misinformed by some of the other officials since assuming
the active management of the road.
"I agree with Mr. Whyte to this extent, that,
next to the continual agitation in connection with
the exorbitant freight rates and inefficient transportation facilities generally, there is nothing
probably which tends more to retard immigration than the bugbear of high-priced lumber and
the difficulty in securing building material at a
reasonable price. That it is a bugbear and not a
condition can be easily established.
C. P. R. as Manufacturers.
"The Canadian Pacific Railway, or any other
railway company receiving government aid by
grants of timber or other lands, has no right to
enter into competition with private individuals in
either manufacturing or business enterprises. This
principle is generally recognized by governments
by refusing to grant, permission in their charters.
The manufacturers of lumber, I am sure, would
cheerfully welcome as brother lumbermen any
C. P. R. men who would invest their own capital
and do business under the same conditions that
the present lumbermen have to meet. This would
be a very different proposition to C. P. R. officials
conducting a lumber business with C. P. R. funds,
and finally losing sight of the profit or loss in
a general routine of the C. P. R. profits.
Work of Association.
"Previous to the year 1890 or 1891 the lumber
manufacturers sold direct to the consumers
throughout the country. This naturally took from
the retail dealer the most desirable trade in his
territory, and in many cases rendered it impossible for him to make a living. The trade generally
was in a most unsatisfactory condition. The
dealers realized that, something must be done to
save the capital invested and protect them from
the unfair competition referred to. The manufacturers were in sympathy with the dealers in BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
this movement, inasmuch as it improved the position of the retailer and enabled him to more
promptly meet his bills. The association was
therefore organized to protect its members from
unfair competition, to collect and distribute
among its members such information as may be
of service to them generally in the interest
of the retail lumber trade. To watch carefully the
probable public requirement and endeavor at
all times through its members to have at all points
a sufficient stock of lumber to meet tho demand.
"Among the first public services rendered by
the Association may be mentioned a reduction
of 5 cents per 100 pounds on the then existing
rates on lumber secured through a letter dated
about ten years ago and addressed to the general
passenger and freight agent of the C. P. R., which
letter was presented by a deputation of the dealers urging action thereupon, and a further reduction was at the same time obtained by the dealers from the manufacturers, both of which reductions were given to the consumers.
"It may be interesting to the public to note
that ten years ago the Association was as alive
to the public requirements and the necessities
as the C. P. R. appears to be today, and strangest of all were appealing to this same C. P. R. to
reduce rates which seemed to be excessive and
which was in consequence retarding the progress
of the country, and this, too, without prospect of
profit to themselves, except in the advancement of
the Northwest.
The Question of Supply.
"About a year ago the C. P. R. imagined they
saw impending disaster unless they undertook to
see to it that a stock of lumber was forthcoming
sufficient to supply the incoming settlers, as set
forth in a letter written by Mr. Peters, assistant
freight traffic manager, and addressed to Isaac
Cockburn,  secretary.
"When the retailers did put in their orders we
had dozens of complaints about the tardiness of
the C. P. R. in making delivery, some of the dealers having forfeited their discounts to the manufacturers on account of not paying on time because they had not received the goods.
"If the railway company, after lumber is manufactured and loaded on cars are unable to get
it to its destination within a reasonable time, what
chance would there be for the early spring settler
to secure his lumber when he required it, provided the same company undertook to supply the
same demand from the tree? . It would appear
to the outsider that the Company should first energetically address itself to providing an efficient
transportation service and when that is secured
undertake other industries that promised profit
or pleasurable employment. H. M. H.
Winnipeg, Feb. 5.—The most important convention held in Winnipeg in years so far as the
lumber interests are concerned, took place at the
end of last week, when a large delegation of the
wholesalers, representing the biggest mills embraced by the organization known as the
British Columbia Lumber and Shingle Manufacturers' Asociation, assembled here to
meet their confreres of the more easterly section of the Northwest, and also to confer with
the officials of the Canadian Pacific Railway to
discuss business conditions generally so that a
better understanding in regard to the trade might
be arrived at. Recently there have been rumors
circulated by irresponsible parties to the effect
that the wholesale dealers of the West were reaping a more abundant harvest at the expense of the
retailer and the consumer than was warranted,
and it was principally to expose the fallacy of the
theory that the members of the Association decided to hold a general conference in Winnipeg.
Freight rates play a very important role in the
lumber trade of Western Canada and the Canadian Pacific Railway as practically the sole carrier establishing the link between the manufacturer and those who use the output of the mills
came prominently before the delegates of the
meeting. So far as can be deducted at present
the result of the deliberations is likely to prove
very beneficial in the way of promoting the interests of all concerned. It was demonstrated
that the Canadian mills were of ample capacity
to supply all future demands for lumber in the
Northwest. The unusual condition of things in the
country which is supplied by these mills is more
responsible for the rumor which has been circulating recently than that the wholesalers and retailers were responsible for the high prices of
lumber. The delegates discussed measures in
this connection to increase its usefulness to manufacturer and consumer, and effective measures
are to be adopted as a result, tending to guarantee that the consumer is adequately supplied and
not in any case over-charged.
Those present at the meeting were as follows:
Archibald Leech, of the East Kootenay Lumber
Company, Cranbrook.
Fred W. Jones, secretary of the Columbia River
Lumber Company, and vice-president of the Association; W. F. Gurd, of Cranbrook, secretary
of the Association.
M. B. King, of the King Mercantile Company,
Peter Lund, of the Crow's Nest Pass Lumber
Company, of Wardner; J. A. Dewar, of the Porto
Rico Lumber Company, Ymir; L. M. Proctor,
of the Fernie Lumber Company, Fernie; J. R.
McClary of the Harbor Lumber Company, Rev-
elstoke; Geo. W. Wells, of Palliser; L. A. Lewis,
Brunette Saw Mills Company, New Westminster;
E. H. Heaps, of the E. H. Heaps Lumber Company, Vancouver; W. DePencier, Vancouver; CM.
Beecher, Hastings Lumber Mills Company, Vancouver; P. D. Rowe, D. C. Cameron, Rat Portage
Lumber Company, Rat Portage, Ont; D. E.
Sprague, Sprague Lumber Company, Winnipeg;
T. G. Mathers, Winnipeg; M. Cowan, Prince Albert.
Conferred Among Themselves.
The manufacturers opened the convention by
a meeting in which the affairs of the Association
were discussed, and at which some able suggestions concerning the sphere of its usefulness were
made by various members. It was demonstrated
that the Association has been of great benefit to
the lumber industry within its manufacturing
branches and in the distributing of lumber through
the Teritories and Manitoba in sufficient quantity to meet the demands of the rapidly increasing
population. Were it not for the organized work of
this Association many districts would suffer severely from insufficient supply while others
would be glutted.! It has been the aim of the Association to so deal with the question of supply
that the most isolated districts shall be attended
to with equal consideration to those which are
easy of access.
The question of freight rates was discussed
with the Canadian Pacific Railway officials represented by William Whyte and F. W. Peters.
Se veral propositions were made by which the C.
P. R. might concede a lowering of their tariff
from mountain points eastward, in which case
the manufacturers would make a generous reduction in the price of lumber. Both the lumbermen's
delegates and the railway men expressed the opinion that the negotiations were likely to come to a
satisfactory conclusion and that the consumers
would be able to avail themselves of easier terms.
It is settled that the proposal of the C.P.R. to establish mills of its own has been shelved.
The railway company was left to deal itself
entirely regarding the matter of American
competition and no reference was made to it in
the discussion as it is felt that under the new
order of things resulting from the conference the
Canadian mills will be able to compete with their
American neighbors without advantage to the
latter, though no promise of change has been
made by the C. P. R.
Toronto, Feb. 6, 1904.—The salient feature of
the lumber situation is the shortage in the cut of
the season, coupled with the prospect of a heavy
demand which will almost certainly result in a
considerable increase of prices on the opening of
the season.   The scarcity of men jn the fall and
the cost of supplies were the principal factors in
limiting operations in the earlier part of the season.    The close of the harvesting and the stoppage of industries at Sault Ste. Marie relieved the
the stringency of the labor market considerably,
and at one time there was a prospect that the cut
would not fall   as much   below the  average as
had at first been anticipated.   This anticipation,
however, was speedily dissipated by the severe
winter weather, charasterized by a succession of
unusually  heavy  snowfalls,   whjch  have  greatly
interfered with lumbering operations both in the
Georgian  Bay  and  Ottawa  Valley  districts.  All
along the north shore of Lake Huron the snow is
from four to six feet in depth.   Cutting in some
localities has been suspended and hauling is work
of   unusual   difficulty.   Experienced   lumbermen,
moreover, antjeipaate that when the winter breaks
up the water will run off more rapidly than usual
owing to the fact that there is but little frost in
the ground, and the the floods and freshets will
be followed by low water, so that much of the cut
may not be got out in time for milling this season.
A leading lumberman estimates that the cut of
the Georgian Bay district this season will not exceed 420,000,000 feet, as compared with about
700,000,000 feet for the season of 1903. As for
for the Ottawa Valley supply, that has been mostly bought up in advance for the British market at
prices considerably higher than those of last year.
The demand from the United States is likely to
be large, judging from the present conditions in
the distributing centres of Buffalo and Tonawanda
where recent enquiries show that a considerable
shortage exists, both wholesale and retail stocks
in hand being greatly below the average at this
season. Some months ago the fear was entertained that the approach of a period of depression
and the loss of business confidence might cause
an extensive falling off in American consumption, but this apprehension does not seem to be
warranted, so far at least as the immediate future
is concerned. In fact, some close observers are
disposed to consider that the slump in securities
and the losses in stock speculation may tend
rather to stimulate the investment of capital in
constructive enterprises and help to steady the
lumber market.
So far as the local demand is concerned, it
promises to be very active as soon as the building
season opens. Toronto is increasing rapidly in
size and population, and the building trade during
the last two or three seasons has been remarkably
brisk. During 1903 building permits were issued
for 1,136 houses, at a cost of $2,420,335, and 41
factories costing $299,430, in addition to large expenditures for alterations and repairs. In spite
of the number of new houses erected, there is still
a very active demand for house accommodation,
many families being compelled to board or live
outside the city, owing to the continued scarcity
of residences. Thjs, together with the demand
for new factories and business structures, will
cause great activity in building operations. Similar conditions obtain in other centres of population, so that the steady market for lumber, both
locally and in the United States, with a short supply, renders an increase in price a practical certainty. An advance of at least 10 per cent., and
possibly more, is confidently expected at an early
One very noteworthy effect of the phenomenal
prices received by the Provinc al Government for
timber berths at the sale held two months ago
has been to lead to the adoption of a more conservative policy as regards the timber resources of
the Province. The first result has been a great
extension of the forest area. The policy of setting apart as permanent forest reserves areas obviously unfit for agricultural settlement was
adopted some years ago. By the Forest Reserves
Act, passed Jn 1898, the Government was authorized from time to t me to set aside non-agricultural areas of the Crown domain to be kept perpetually for growing timber, settlers being excluded and a system of fire-ranging being conducted to lessen the danger of destruction by
forest fires. The Government, however, proceeded
cautiously and tentatively, as is the wont of Governments—and made but sparing use of its powers. The first reserve created was the Eastern
reserve in Fontenac and Addington counties, com-
pr sing about 80,000 acres. New Sibley reserve,
on the north shore of Lake Superior was set apart
with an area of 45,000 acres. In 1901, however, a
great step in advance was made by the setting
aside of the Temagami reserve, embracing the
forest region around the lake of that name, comprising some 2,200 square miles. Shortly after the
timber sale this area was more than doubled by
adding to the reserve an extensive area to the
north and west, bringing the aggregate extent of
the reserve up to 5,900 square m les. And now
the Government has under consideration the setting apart of a reserve in Algoma district comprising about 3,000 square miles of well timbered but
rugged and broken country, lying between the
ma n line of the Canadian Pacific railway and the
Sault Ste. Marie branch and drained by the Mis-
sisauga river. This region contains several billion feet of white pine.
The setting apart of these reserves is probably
the most important measure taken by the Government for years as regards its effect upon the industrial future of the Province. Judging from experience, there can be little doubt that under the
old system of leasing timber limits to lumbermen
without any safeguards to secure the preservation
of the forest, the soil, worthless for any other purpose than growing timber, would quickly have
been denuded of all its natural wealth, fire consuming anything that the axe might have spared.
Now if managed under proper forestry conditions
these reserves will furnish a perpetual source of
supply to the surrounding agricultural and mining ;.i
':■    \
9 x 10 Single, and Double. Drum
Yarding Engines.
10 x 15 Double Drum Roading
Agents for " leschen's " Patent Green
Strand Logging Rope,
Works: Heatley Avenue ...VANCOUVER, B. C.
PHONE A 1416.
McKay Building, Portland, Oregon.
230 California Street, San Francisco, Cal.
223 West Second Street, Los Angeles, Cal.
Telephone Ore. Main 565.
Embossed Mouldings, Carvings, etc.,
Plate, Sheet and Fancy Glass,
Burlaps and Wall Papers.
Correspondence Solicited. Orders Promptly Attended to.
P. O. Box 194.
I deal in all classes of British Columbia Timber
Limits and can furnish large or small tracts...
Lands Crown Granted previous to lss7
range in price, from $1 5.00 to $26.00 per
acre ; lands Crown Granted between
1**7 and 1901, from $5.00 to $12.00 per
acre; Dominion leases, from $4.00 to
$7.00 ; Provincial leases, from $6.00 to
$12.00; Provincial Licenses, from $1.50
to $4.00	
C. D. RAND, Broker
regions only the matured trees being taken and the
growing timber carefully preserved. Further extensions of the system are likely to be made from
time to time, as the enormous increase in the
value of timber as shown by the prices paid at the
sale has greatly strengthened public opinion in
favor of a scientific forestry policy as pursued in
Europe, with such modifications as Canadian conditions render necessary.
Owing to the increased interest taken in this
subject by practincal men, the approaching annual
meeting of the Canadian Forestry Association, to
be held in Toronto on the 10th and 11th of March,
promises to be an important and profitable occasion. A largo number of experts and leading lumbermen, and others interested in the question, will
participate. There is no subject on which the
people at large need to be educated more than that
of forest preservation and management, and the
Foresty Association has already done much in
this  direction.
Yard operations and shipments in all parts of
the Province have been greatly interfered with
by the weather. The blocking of the railways in
all directions by snow storms has greatly delayed
the movement of heavy freight and rendered it
impossible to fill orders. There is a great scarcity in this city of box lumber and culls, which
are hardly to be had. Local dealers find trade
decidedly quiet at present but look forward confidently to a rush of business with the opening
of spring. P. T.
Chicago, Feb. 9,  1904.
The new year began with favorable conditions
in some branches of the lumber trade' and unfavorable conditions in others. The stocks of hardwoods are not large, and the demand is becoming
greater each succeeding year. Good business is
anticipated when the regular building season
Opens. The outlook for a good business in lumber
this spring and summer is good, and those who
seek orders will find them. Prosperity continues,
and aside from the usual disturbance of business
in national election years, the demands for lumber
will be greater than usual, with prices up and going higher. The only thing likely to interfere
with the interests of the lumbermen is the possibility that the railroads will not make sufficient
provision for possible demand for cars.
The local sales of oak, poplar and ash lumber
are on the increase.
The lumber business in Chicago during the
winter months is always "slow." Very little yard
work, some shop work, and plenty of office work,
making ready for the coming season.
The appointment of receivers for the Kirby
Lumber Company and the Houston (Texas) Oil
Company was a great surprise to lumbermen in
this city, as these companies had been considered
among the greatest in the country.
A bill is now before Congress which provides
that all Government supplies for the Phillipine
Islands shall be carried in United States vessels,
Pacific Coast lumbermen are not likely to favor
such a proposition.
The Indiana Lumber Dealers' Association was
held in Indianapolis January 19-20. Francis
Beidler & Co., Chicago, gave a "pink tea social"
to those in attendance.
A petition signed by 1,437,200 persons is now
in the hands of the authorities at Washington,
asking that the "Big Tree" district of California
be purchased by the Government and set aside
as a park.
The third annual banquet of the True & True
door-makers was given at the Wellington Hotel,
Chicago. January 5.
Manufacturers   in   all   lines  are  beginning  to
^realize the necessity of organizing for the purpose
of maintaining uniformity in price.
Pacific Coast fir and red cedar are growing in
favor among manufacturers of doors, paneled
work and columns.
Mr.  J.  K. Joice has resigned his position as
treasurer and manager of the D. S. Pate Lumber
Company,   Chicago. and   will   go   to   California,
' where he will remain a few months and then re-
I turn to this city.
The Illinois Lumber Dealers' Association will
f hold  its fourteenth annual meeting in the Sherman House. Chicago. Februarv 10-11.
J. S. Houston, of the firm of Houston & Curtis,
\ and Miss Grace Halla, both residents of this city,
I will be married February 16.
Georse R. Arnold, manager of the C. S. Wor-
:  coster  Lumber  Company.  Chicago,  died   of apo-
i plexy in L'Anse. Mich., January 27, aged 46 years.
f He was well known  amone lumbermen, having
been in the business about fifteen years.
Minneapolis, Feb. 12.—The market conditions
of the Mississippi valley for this season of the
year are most encouraging. The recent severe
weather has had a natural effect—the postponement of the placing of orders for spring building,
but the present condition of the market shows
that stocks generally are very low and that dealers will be placing their orders before many days,
whilo the present condition would indicate that
list prices are likely to be maintained.
Minneapolis itself is no mean consumer of
lumber, as may be gleaned from the statistics
just compiled, which show that 4,149 building
permits were issued for last year, representing a
total value of $6,200,000, the local consumption of
lumber being roughly estimated at 207,000,000
This season finds the stock of red cedar shingles very low, Stars being particu^rlv scarce.
Some dealers have shingles on hand, but it is because they have refused to part with them at prevailing prices, looking to a marked advance before
the new stock from the west Coast can come forward. The present price of these are quoted at
$2.30 for Stars, and $2.70 for Clears.
There is little reason to assume that local
building operations will fall far short of last year,
at the same time 1904 must be looked on as a conservative year, owing to the fact that it is the
year of the presidential campaign, while there
is a possibility that the St. Louis fair may detract
from some of the building throughout the country generally.
"War between Russia and Japan might help
some of Portland's business interests, but it
would injure the lumber industry," according to
M. F. Henderson, vice-president of the Eastern
&  Western  Lumber Company.
"Such a war would put a stop to all shipments
of lumber from Portland to China and Japan and
to Siberia," Mr. Henderson said recently to a
Portland correspondent, "and this trade forms
a large portion of the exports, and the lack of
demand would cause a suspension in the manufacture of lumber to that extent.
"If Russia and Japan get to fighting the war
will probably be a long and bitter one. Japan
has been under-estimated and she would give
Russia all she could do at sea, and in fact all
the Russian ports on the Pacific would be practically closed to commerce in a short time. Besides this, Japanese soldiers would destroy the
Siberian railroad and thus prevent Russia from
recruiting her Siberian forces from the St. Petersburg side.
"I believe that Japan could bring Russia to
terms single-handed, and without the assistance
of any of the other powers, but it would take
time and in the interim our Pacific Coast lumber
interests would suffer very much. We wojald
feel it more, because the demand for lumber from
the Eastern States has fallen off • considerably
of late, and so the bulk of our trade is by sea."
Mr. Henderson estimates the present daily output of Portland at 1,200,000 feet, while that of
the whole Columbia river is 1,500,000. In Portland fully 1,500 men are employed by the mills,
and he says that should anything occur to discourage the lumber industry, every enterprise
in the city would feel the effects right away. Mr.
Henderson, therefore, deprecates war and hopes
that the differences between the two nations may
be adjusted with recourse to the arbitrament of
"Of course, the lumber industry would revive after the war is over," he said, "but we
might have to wait for a long time. Even now, the
lumber dealers of China and Japan are holding
back their orders as everything is in a state of
uncertainty over there."
Bellingham. Wash, Saturday, January 30 —
The plant of the Pacific American Tar Company, at Bellingham, will start operations Monday.
The new company will manufacture tar, turpentine and by-products from waste fir timber.
This will be done by a process discovered by
Dr. C. B. Darrin, of this city, and is the first step
taken in this state toward the utilization of fir
stumps and fallen fir timber, which has heretofore
been considered without value.
z) ro^4T\ctal Gyi\fcrn>atiot>
Lumbering operations in East Kootenay have
been very active during the winter months until
the coming of snow within the past few weeks.
The East Kootenay district, served as it is by the
Crow's Nest Pass line, and by that line having
ready access to the adjacent districts of the territory of Alberta, just east of the mountains, is
peculiarly well situated to reach out for trade
with the large agricultural settlements growing
up on the broad plains on that portion of the
As an example of the lumbering operations going on in the East Kootenay district, may be instanced the Bonner's Ferry Lumber Company,
which is geting out 3,000,000 feet of logs at its
own camps this winter. In addition they are purchasing from setlers another 3,000,000 feet at
least. During the year past they have cut and
placed in booms at their mill fully 6,000,000 more,
giving the enormous total of 12,000,000 feet of logs
ready to be cut.
Another big operator is Joseph May, representing McArthur Bros., of Detroit. He is establishing a camp on Curley Creek, where he will cut
1,600,000 feet of square timbers on a contract for
shipment to Liverpool, England. The timber will
be loaded at Bonner's Ferry on cars.
The Columbia River Lumber Company, operating in Northeast Kootenay at various points
where the Columbia River crosses or reaches the
mtain line of the C. P. R., last year shipped 13,-
000,000 feet of lumber, 135,000 railway ties and
2,000,000 laths. All lumber manufactured by this
company is shipped to the Northwest Territories,
except that which is sold to the C. P. R.
The Big Bend district, so called because it is
that area which surrounds the big bend of the Columbia river above Revelstoke, is confined to a
width of from one to four miles on each side of
the Columbia River, all heavily timbered. There
are stretches of timber on the tributaries of the
river running from 20 to 30 miles into the heart
of the Selkirks. The principal blocks of these
magnificent timber lands are those held by American capitalists. They were originally granted to
G. B. Wright as a subsidy for the Shuswap-Koot-
enay wagon road. The area of this particular
grant is about 40,000 acres, and the timber is said
to average 10,000 to 30,000 feet per acre. Owing
to some disease attacking the fir the timber has
been dying out rapidly the past ten years. The
Goldstroam district is also a portion of the Big
Bend district. Extensive lumber operations have
been begun on the limits in this portion of the
district also. It is estimated very conservatively that in the Big Bend and tributary sections
there are 10,300,000,000 feet of timber, almost
all of which could be floated down the Columbia
River to Revelstoke and Arrowhead, where the
new mills have been recently erected.
The Okanagan Lumber Company, which purchased S. C. Smith's mill at Vernon, is putting in
plant to make the mill's capacity 60,000 feet per
day. They are also putting in an electric lighting
plant, and will supply the town as well. The limits owned by the mill are almost unlimited in the
supply of logs.
The Empire Lumber Company, Limited, with
head offices at Revelstoke, has taken over from
the Harbor Lumber Company the Fred Robinson
Company's mills, recently purchased from the latter company. The Empire company will operate
some timber limits on Adams Lake.
Mr. A. S. Farquarson, of Frank, Alberta, and
his business associate, Mr. H. A. McGuire, have
secured a considerable area of timber limits on
Boundary Creek, near the Idaho boundary line, in
East Kootenay, and intend to put in a sawmill of
a capacity of 35,000 feet per day as soon as the
snow goes away. The lumber business, Mr. Far-
quharson states, is growing, and during the busy
portion of 1904 he anticipates it will be better
than it was at any time during 1903, when the
mills were sawing up to thelimlt of their capacity.
The Burke Land Lumber Company will erect
a planing mill at Tekoa, Wash.
The Big Bend Lumber Company's mill at Arrowhead is now in operation.   This mill is con- T
■  i
trolled by the Ludgate Brothers, Wallace Ludgate
having been the designer of the mill and overseer
of the installation of theplant. Mr. Ludgate has
the reputation of being one of the best practical
sawmill designers in the west. He it was who
designed and laid out the Pacific Coast Lumber
Company's mills in this city (Vancouver). These
mills are perhaps the finest and moat up-to-date
plant in operation in the West.
Another new saw mill in the Arrowhead district
is that of the Canadian Lumber Company at
Trout Lake. This mill is now having its machinery installed. Arrangements are being made
for the erection of a planing mill and dry kilns at
industry in his part of the country: 'The
Columbia River Lumber Company shipped L3,-
000,000 feet Of lumber, L35.000 railway ties, and
2,000,000 laths. The wages paid lumbermen
ranges from $30 to $40 per month and board.
Plenty of common labor since November 1st;
poor class on the average. Demand for lumber
is good; all lumber, except that used by the C.
1'. R., exported to the Northwesl Territories
About 3,000,000 shipped from other mills, All
agricultural produce is consumed in the district
and a good deal of hay and oats Imported."
The East Kootenay Lumber Co., of Cranbrook, is
calling for tenders for a lot of its miscellaneous
accumulations around its yards, and is offering
for sale the buildings on the lake-side of the railroad tracks, at the old  Moyie mill.
Though it is a lit"'1 early in the year to ex
pect the commencement of the construction ol
Intended new buildings, there are indications, h
Victoria, I!. C, that the season will be a busy one
Local contractors are figuring on quite a few new
structures, and architects report the outlook a.
According to a question asked the Chief Com
missioner of Lands and Works by Mr. II. K
Tanner. M.P.P., of Saanich. B. ('., as to the nuiu
ber and amounts of timber lands in arrears, tin
Chief Commissioner replied that there are in
with an aggregate arrearage of $48,250.85, up to
July,   L903.
According to the annual report of Government Agent Armstrong of Fort Steele, in the
Southeast Kootenay district there has been considerable activity during the past year, five new
sawmills  having been   started,   two of   the   ca-
The suit entered by Mr. A. T. Clark against
the East Kootenay Lumber Co., for damage resulting from the building of a dam on Moyie
lake, is in a fair way  of amicable settlement.
Sealed tenders, addressed to the Timber and
Mines Branch, Department of the Interior, and
marked on the envelope "Tender for Timber Berth
One of the most important timber deals that
has taken place in the last few months was consn
mated last month, when the Provincial Govern
ment accepted the tender of McLean Brothers, of
Vancouver, for 27.nun acres of timber lands on
Kia-anch  river,  Vancouver Island.
The limits are composed of fir and cedar, and
are situated in what is known as the Rupert dis
trict.     The   leasehold   is   for   twenty-one     years.
pacity of about 25,000 feet, one of 35,000 feet,
and one of 75,000 feet; the last mentioned is preparing to double its capacity. On the other
hand, two sawmills have closed down, on account of the fact that with a limited capital at
their command and the very narrow margin of
profit on which they were working, and on
which, as a matter of fact, all the mills in the
district are working, they are unable to tide
over a season of difficulty. Another large mill
has also closed down. Rates of wages that have
prevailed ran from $155.00 to $40.00 for unskilled
labor, until a short time ago, when the mills
were forced to make a reduction on account of
the very considerable decrease in the demand
for lumber. The rates run now from $30 to $35.
As to the relations which have existed between
employers and employees, there has not been the
least difficulty, nor is there any likely to arise
with the lumbermen in this district. It is the
invariable rule that the men are well satisfied
v.itb their employers' treatment of them. There
have been 24 sawmills at work in this district.
These mills employ in all  about 1,800 men.
No. 374," will be received at the Department of
the Interior until noon on Wednesday, the 24th
day of February, 1904, for a license to cut timber
on Berth 374, comprising the fractional east
half of the east half of Section 2:!, and the fractional north half of Section 14, lying north of
G. It. and Lot 221, in the fractional township lying
west of the Coast Meridian, containing an area
of 209 acres, more or less. The land is situated
on the North Arm of Burrard Inlet, opposite
Barnett, B. C, and is said to contain some vain
able timber. The regulations under which a
license will bo issued, also printed forms of tender and envelope may be obtained at the Department or at the office of the Crown Timber
Agent at New Westminster. Each tender must
be accompanied by an accepted cheque on a
chartered bank in favor of the deputy of the Minister of the Interior, for the amount, of the bonus
which the applicant is prepared to pay for a
This is probably the largest bunch of timber in
one place that could have been secured from the
Government. A charter was issued last year to
McLean Brothers to build a railroad twenty-two
miles, into the heart of the timber. The railway
will cost from twelve td fifteen thousand dollars a
mile, and the line has been surveyed from tide
water on Johnston Straits at the mouth of the
Tsi-istch river. Preliminary work will be commenced on the railway at once. Under the terms
of the lease a large mill will be erected, and it
is the intention of McLean Brothers to manufac
ture lumber for sale in the local markets and
probably   for   foreign   shipment.
In his annual report to the Government, Mr.
J. E. Griffiths, Government agent for the Northeast District of Kootenay,  says  of  the  lumber
A. A. Frechette, of Grand Forks, B. C, who
is getting out a large quantity of ties for the C.
P. R., has secured a contract from the Cranby
Smelter Company to furnish the large timbers
that will be used in the enlargement of the
Mr. Henry Hewitt .Ir., of Tacoma, owner of
extensive timber limits in the Coast district of
British Columbia, states that before many month-
he wiill build one of the largest mills on the
Coast, or some point on the Skeena river or oik
of the numerous inlets of the Coast. Mr. Hewitt
says that it is his intention to cater to local and
shipping trade, and that he will convert his waste
products into pulp, market for which he has al
ready contracted. He expresses a very strom
opinion upon legislation by the British Columbia
Government. ■M
The Rat Portage Lumber Co'y, Limited
P. O.  BOX 778
Building Material of all Kinds Delivered Promptly.    Hardwood in Car Lots.
I ... GRINNELL . .
Fire Sprinkler
Alarm System
Endorsed by all Fire Insurance Companies
We shrink from no order, no matter
how big it is   nor how small
No matter where you are located
we can reach you by rail or sea
Our Cednr Doors do not shrink—
they have been thoroughly tested by
We may be proud of our new factory
but we are prouder of the stock we
Rates Reduced 33 1-3 to 50 Per Cent.
H. J. LATHEY, Superintendent.
318 Walker Building,
Geared Locomotives and Logging Cars.
Built on Modern Locomotive Principles
For Wood and Steel Track Where Great Tractive Power and Flexibility are Required,
Especially on Steep Grades and Sharp Curves.   Write for Catalogue and Prices.
D. M.MILLER, Agent
= 64   Starr= Boyd Building, Seattle, Wash. ■
One of the last acts of the British Columbia
Legislature, before prorogation, was the adoption of a motion to petition tho Dominion Government on tho subjoct of placing a duty upon American lumber coming Into Canada. The motion,
which was as follows, was introduced by Mr.
Wells, and seconded by Mr. Cotton:
Thai whereas the lumber interests of British
Columbia are assuming a degree of Importance
conducive to the prosperity as well as the increased revenue of the Province:
And whereas serious encroachments upon tho
market in Canada at present exists by reason
of large shipments of American lumber, chieflly
to tho Northwest Territories and to Manitoba,
thus depriving largely Canadian manufacturers
of our homo market:
And whereas the duty imposed upon Canadian lumber entering the United States is prohibitory, reserving exclusively their own market to
American manufacturers:
Be it therefore resolved, That this House
views with alarm the serious consequences that
must result to the lumber interests of British Columbia, and is of opinion that an humble address
be presented to His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor respectfully asking him to communicate to
the Dominion Government, to the end that such
legislation be passed as will relieve the great injustice under which the British Columbia lumber
interests are suffering, and praying that a duty
be put upon the American lumber entering Canada
equal, at least, to that imposed upon Canadian
lumber entering tho United States.
Despite the opponents of the changes in the
Land Act, the records of the Timber Inspector's
office show that the number of applications for
timber licenses has by no means fallen off. The
number of timber cutting licenses issued during
the month of January, 1904. was 158. as against
32 for the corresponding month of last year. Out
of this number 21 were for renewals, showing 137,-
new licenses.
The licenses are thus apportioned from the
different districts:
Osoysos  22
New Westminster     10
West Kootenay  23
Coast     13
East Kootenay   38
ariboo   40
amloops     3
Jllooet    6
avward    2
tlin    1
Total 158
The Mountain Lumbermen's Manufacturing As
feociation held their annual meeting at Cranbrook.
B. C, on the 22nd ult. There was a large attendance, and a great deal of important business was
transacted, but the conference was held behind
closed doors. The following members were pres
ent: .T. Gennette, Yale-Columbia Lumber Com
pany, Nakusp; J. G. Billings, Kootenay River
Lumber Company, Nelson; T. Ludgate, Big Bend
Lumber Company, Arrowhead; W. R. Beattie, Arrowhead Lumber Company, Arrowhead; Hugh
Cameron. Moyie Lumber Company, Moyio; Fred
W. Jones, Columbia River Lumber Company.
Golden; Geo. C. Wells, W. C. Wells Lumber Com
pany, Palliser: L. M. Proctor. Fernie Lumber
Company. Fernie; P. Lund, Crow's Nest Pass
Lumber Company, Wardner; 1). V. Mott, Elk
Lumber Company, Fernie: J. A. Dewar, Porto
Rico Lumber Company, Nelson; R. S. Butler and
J. R. McClary, Harbor Lumber Company, Revel
stoke; A. Leltch, J. Park and J. C. Colpman. East
Kootenay Lumber Company, Cranbrook: J. W.
Robinson. Robinson-McKenzie Lumber Company.
Cranbrook; M. B. King. Kings Mills, Cranbrook;
J. Hanbury nnd F. Robinson, North Star Lumber
Company. Cranbrook; A. E. Carruthers, Carruth
ers Lumber Company, Cranbrook; A. E. Watts.
Watts Lumber Company. Wattsburg; C. D. Mc
Nab, Standard Lumber Company, Cranbrook.
The annual election was held and the following
officers selected: President, A. Leitch; vice-presi
dent, F. W. Jones; secretary-treasurer. W. F
Gurd; executive committee. Geo. C. Wells, J. R
McClary, J. G. Billings, Hugh Cameron, F. C
Colpman, D. V. Mott and M. B. King.
Matters of direct interest to British Columbia's greatest industry were discussed in a business-like way. The next, meeting will be held at
the call of the executive committee.
.lames Dunsniuir, it is said, will take an appeal
against the amendment of the Land Act passed by
tho Legislature in the early part of the session.
The act imposes a tax upon timber cut within the
railway belt. The principle of the right to impose
taxation, however, remains and Mr. Dunsniuir intends to test the power of the Legislature to do
this. The land within the belt has been looked
upon as free from taxation. To subject it to this
tax interferes with the sale ofi» it to timber men.
The appeal will be taken to the Privy Council if
necessary. Mr. Dunsniuir expects to take the tap-
peal within a short time.
Just at present lodging is inactive. There are
several reasons for such a state of affairs. In the
first place there is now a lull in the demand for
lumber, and mills are not requiring great quantities of logs, and tho cost of hauling unbarked
logs out. of the Avoods is prohibitive. When tho
sap commences to run, in the sourse of a month,
logging will be very generally resumed. It. is expected with tho advent of warm weather in the
Territories and Manitoba the demand will be
nearly as great as the supply.
Since tho last issue tho following new incorporations have been gazetted and certificates issued:
The Crothers Lumber Company, Limited, with
a capital of $24,000 in $1 shares. To conduct a
general lumber business.
The Empire Lumber Company, Limited, with
a capital of $3,000,000 in $100 shares. To acquire
tho busines and undertakings of the Harbor Lumber Company, Limited, and to carry on a general
logging and lumber business.
Tho Ladysmith Lumber Company are adding to
their plant by erecting a large shed to store their
The Harrison mills have ordered a portable
mill, which will work in conjunction with the mill
on  Harrison   river.
The King Mercantile Company, of Cranbrook.
B. C. is making applioation to have its name
changed to the King Lumber Mills, Limited,
through its attorney, Mr. W. F. Gurd.
Mr. G. O. Buchanan, a prominent mill man of
Kootenay has been appointed to disburse the lead
bounty authorized by tho Federal Government last
fall. Mr. Buchanan is interested in mining in tho
Slooan district of British Columbia.
From authorative sources there is every
reason to believe a paper and pulp establishment
will be erected at or ne.ar Kamloops, B. C. Two
gentlemen. Messrs. Ferris and Case, of Transverse City, Mich., recently made an extensive examination into the possibility of erecting such an
establishment there, and were most favorably impressed with the opportunities of site, power and
pulp timber. They will make an exhaustive- report of their findings to their principals.
Tho B. C. Logging & Lumber Comnany, of
Nanaimo. who were compelled to discontinue the
exportation of logs in consequence of the new
schedule, are applying to the Nanaimo board of
trade for a free grant of a ten acre site on tho water front on which they will erect a saw and shin
gle mill. W. E. Wilson, secretary of tho company,
says: "TJp to the present time we have found it
impossible to purchase a suitable site without having to pay an outragoouslv high price for the land.
Wo have, however, at last got an option on a
small strip between Nanaimo and Departure Bay
and on this we propose to build our small mill
with a capacity of 35.000 a day. and do our manufacturing. This mill will employ 25 or 30 men
As wn have but a five year term to take off onr
timber we must do something to try to get back
a small proportion of the $80,000 invested on the
island since last May. We have therefore eonelud
ed to build a small mill and run two camns with
lust enough men to supply tho mills with logs
This will enable us to get back a small portion
of our money.
Two of the Victoria lumber milling firms e
just now figuring on contracts for work to go to
South Africa, which if the proposition can be bvj
cessfully negotiated, bids  fair to open  up a ni
industry in that city.    A firm in South Africa ha
written* local  parties for figures on an  unllmlti
number of knockdown  houses  for South  Afric
It   appears that     there is a great  demand  in tl
colony for small residences;  rents are very hi-
a house of live rooms commanding a rent, of |l
per month, and   if ready  made    houses    can    b
shipped  from  Canada a  long-fell   want   will    be
It is stated on good authority that Mr. Mer
rill, the millionaire lumbermen of Wisconsin, is
to establish a big sawmill in the Province at an
early date. Mr. Men-ill owns some of the most
valuable limits in the Province, which he a<-
quired in the early days of the Province. These
limits were chosen in Valdes Island. Thurlow
Island, Desolation Sound, Squamish, Humphrey's
Channel and Johnston's Straits, and aggregate
40,000 acres. The limits have no increased
enormously in value. As an instance, less than
two months ago Mr. Merrill was offered for one
particularly choice bunch $5o an acre, timber that
ho had bought for one dollar an acre in 1881. It
is more than likely that the new Land Act has decided Mr. Merrill to operate bis own mills in the
Province, as the limits necessarily come under the
export section of the Act.
According to the British Columbia Gazette.
there were 11T."» applications made for timber li
censes during the year 1903.
During the month of January the Canadian I'a
eifie Railway sold 116,840 acres at a total value
of $3Ni;,r,49.
Donald  Matheson.
One of the best known loggers on this section
of the Coast, Mr. Donald Matheson, died suddenly
from heart disease at tho Hotel Europe on Thursday evening, 14th ult.
The deceased was about (15 years of age. and
had been a resident of British Columbia for over
14 years. He was a Canadian, but for many years
hail resided in the United States. He was a veteran of the American Civil War, having enlisted
in a Northern regiment in Boston, where, it is
believed, he leaves considerable property,
nraetioal hints
The Bureau of Provincial Information has just
issued a "review of industrial conditions in Brit
ish Columbia for last year." Tho conditions
of the several industries of the Province are care
fully gone into and must have necessitated very
considerable work upon tho secretary, Mr. R. E
Gosnell, upon whom the bulletin reflects great
Upon tho lumber industry of the Province Mr.
Gosnell says:
The lumber industry presented several unusual features during the year, and may properly
be divided for consideration into two phases—tho
Coast, and the Interior. The Interior mills all did
a good business throughout the whole year. The
Coast mills bail a very profitable and active trade
until about the end of August, both in local and
foreign business, when several causes seriously
affected the Industry.
The most important factor of the lumber Industry is the Northwest market, in regard to
that the Interior mills have several advantages
over the Coast mills. They have only a 15 cent
rate as against a 40 cent rate, with only one
mountain range to cross, as against two. In certain staple lines of rough lumber and other sup
plies they have a large market and an active demand in their favor. The Coast lumber was injuriously affected later on in the year by a lack
of car facilities just at the time when tho lumber
could have been used there, and when consump
tion  was greatest.
The home consumption has been above the
average, and especially in Vancouver, where it
has increased at least 30 per cent. Production
has boon accompanied by good profits since
1001, when prices for rough lumber were raised
from $7 and $8 per thousand to $12 Another
dollar per thousand was added  during  the year. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
A proportionate rise in prices was made in the
flnor grades and classes in lumber. Moreover, the
position of the industry has been strengthened
by the formation of two associations, which include, with very few minor exceptions, all the
mills in the Province. One is known as the
"Coast Lumbermen's Association." One disadvantage under which the Coast mills labor in regard to the Northwest market is the difficulty of
disposing uniformly of all the products of a log.
For ordinary purposes the lumber of the Coast
is too heavy to bo freighted to come into competition with the lumber of the Interior. Each log
is capable of supplying only a limited amount of
the finest lumber, for which, of course, there is
always a market; but the difficulty is in disposing
of the rougher products, which pile up too rapidly
for sale.
The foreign export of lumber has slightly declined. The full returns for the year are not
available at the time of writing, but at the end of
November it was 2,061,035 feet and 1,617,630 laths
short of 1002. This is a condition, however, applicable to the whole of the Pacific Coast.
The remarks in the foregoing refer to logs
other than  cedar, at least for the  manufacture
tariff, which permits the United States mills to
compete in the Canadian market, whereas the
British Columbia mills are excluded from the
United States market by a high tariff. In the
present congested state of the shingle market
that competition has been more seriously felt
than ever, for so long as an active demand existed on both sides of the line the matter of tariff
on shingles was really not a factor in the situation.
There has still to be considered the embargo
on the export of logs imposed by the British Columbia legislature. Upon this opinions differ, and
to some extent in proportion as interests are affected. It more particularly affects cedar. It is
stated that the embargo has kept a number of
inferior logs in the country, which, it is claimed,
could have been sold to the Sound mills, the
amount of such timber being estimated at from
6,000,000 to 8,000.000 feet, afterwards thrown
on the local market and breaking the price. The
mill men are satisfied with the arrangement, the
principal complaint coming from the loggers.
The over-production of the shingles on the Sound
began to be felt about the month of September,
resulting in any sale for British Columbia logs
the line, and have no protection in their own
markets at all; whereas, the United States levies
$2 per M. on lumber and 30 cents per M. on
shingles. They ask for, what appears to be eminently fair, a reciprocity tariff as between the
two countries. The British Columbia lumber men
are prepared to supply the Canadian Northwest
market fully. In fact, from a memorial sent to
the Dominion Government on the subject, it appears that on the 2nd of December, 1903, the
mill men had 80,000,000 feet in their yards for
sale, and the estimated production of 1904 was
700,000,000 feet. The following were the importations of lumber, etc., into Canada during the years
1902 and 1903:
1902—Feet.   1903—Feet.
Manufactured lumber   51,712,000       72,345,424
Shingles    17,000,000       16,572,000
Pine and spruce clapboards 1,315,000 759,000
Laths  3,000,000 9,810,000
Over 20,000,000 feet of the importations last
year was of pitch pine.
Cargo Shipments from B. C.
The following is a comparison of the cargo
shipments  made  from  British  Columbia  during
of shingles. In the latter industry, although the
year started out most encouragingly for those
engaged in it, it is at present in a very depressed
condition, as the result of over-production. This
is also a condition not confined to British Columbia, but general on the Northwest Coast. It has
arisen out of the rapid filling up of the Northwest
of Canada and the United States with settlers,
creating an abnormal demand for building material, and especially of shingles, the almost exclusive supply of which is now on the Pacific
Coast. This was followed by a boom in the shingle industry, which attracted a large number of
persons, many with limited capital, to engage
in it. The number was all out of proportion to
the normal demand for shingles. As a consequence the market was soon caught up with, and
a large overplus created. In British Columbia
alone the present daily capacity of the shingle
mills in operation is 3,000,000 a day of 10 hours,
which represents a yearly capacity of 900,000,000
Shingles. The capacity could be doubled by working double time. The entire Canadian consumption is estimated at from only 4.000,000 to 6,000,-
l  000 annually.
In addition to this abnormal condition of the
..industry, there is the effect of a very one-sided
ceasing, and logs from the United States coming
to the Province. The latter was for the purpose
of relieving the pressure on the other side and
was effected by the Logger's Association there,
a very strong organization. This organization
refused to sell these exceDt for delivery at local
points in Brtish Columbia. The San Juan loggers, who usually found a market for their logs
in the United States, were obliged to find a market at home.
Notwithstanding the tei. porary drawbacks experienced towards the end of the season, the total cut of the Province for 1903 will probably exceed that of 1902 by from 10 to 12 per cent., and
the revenue received by the Provincial treasury
from timber will be considerably in excess of
last year. It is too early in the year, however,
to obtain complete returns. An estimate of the
complete cut of the timber for 1903 is 325,000,-
000 feet.
The lumber men are making strong efforts to
obtain a revision of the tariff, whereby some
measure of protection in the Northwest market
will be afforded. They contend that they have
a longer haul to reach their market, pay 30 per
cent, higher wage scale, and pay more for their
equipment and  machinery  than those south of
the years
1903 and 1902, all of which went for-
Jan ..  ..4,651,833
Feb.  ..   .4,469,820
Mar 4,251,794
April ...6,530,485
May ....7,832,418
June ...3,478,184
July 3.844526
1903. 1902
10,080        249,930
Total   ..57,869,875 57,121,435    1,896,930     3,713,760
Exports to the Northwest and Eastern Points.
It is very difficult to obtain accurate figures
on this point, as returns have not been received
from the various mills; but a careful estimate,
based upon what returns are available, gives the
following result:
Shingles 690,000,000
Lumber  (feet)    135,000,000 14
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Vancouver, B. C,
January 2<)th, 1902,
Mr. Frank L. Johnson, Sapperton, l>. C.
Dear Sir:
Replying to your enquiry of a few days
ago, as to how we liked the Improved "Johnson" Shingle Machine which we recently
purchased from theSchaake Machine Works,
we arc glad to be able to stale that we are
much pleased with it.
We have had experience with a good
many styles ft" Shingle Machines, and
in our opinion this one is the best of
all. The two important points in which
this machine excels all others is the style of
friction, and the method ot driving the carriage, the former being very simple and
positive, and the latter improvements making (he machine work scry smooth and easy,
without any jar or jerk.
II we were Building another mill we
would have no oilier kind ot machine.
Yours trulj,
II. II. SPICER, Manager.
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British Columbia
dL Uicii\it\| I
Mr. I). P. Cordon, a prominent lumberman of
■Montreal, was a recent visitor to the city.
Mr. J. S. Emerson, one of the most prominent
loggers of the city, is advertising for logs cut upon
Crown-granted lands.
Mr. J. Genelle, one of the best known lumbermen of the Interior, was in the city on business
last month.
Mr. Lewis, manager of the Brunette Saw Mills
Company, left on February 1st, for the east, to be
present at a meeting of the company's directors
The North Pacific Lumber Company, Limited,
has taken advantage of the dull season and have
put the mill through a most thorough and extensive overhauling, and is now running to its full
A. J. Mason, a shingle manufacturer of Skagit
County, Wash., was a visitor to Vancouver early
in the month. Mr. Mason was looking into the
shingle business in these parts with the view of
possibly investing. He was well impressed with
the outlook, which he considers far more promising than on his side of the line.
Among the improvements made in the Rat
Portage Company's mills is a double cutting band
saw, by which considerable reduction in the cost
of manufacture is expected, as well as increased
capacity. At the Harrison River mill, recently
acquired by this company, a complete overhauling has taken place and work resumed under most
favorable auspices.
W. S. Cook, proprietor of the Avenue Hotel,
'Vancouver, is loser to the extent of some $3,000
Of $1.1)00 as the result of a storm early last month
Which broke up a boom of logs he had stored
along the shores of Hardwick Island, on John-
Stone strait. The boom contained between 300,-
000 and 400,000 feet of logs, and was stored
awaiting the arrival of a tug to tow it down to the
mills at Vancouver.
The Brunette Saw Mills closed down for extensive repairs and improvements last month. A
new superstructure will be erected on the sawdust burner and some new machinery will be in
stalled in various parts of the plant. In the box
factory a new and up-to-date printing press for
lettering boxes in one. two and three colors, will be
set up. and large store houses now in course of
construction will be completed before the mills
open again for the big season's work.
Mr. H. L. Jenkins a.nd family, of Wisconsin.
Spent a few days here this month. Mr. Jenkins
is the new owner of the Ross-McLaren mills at
Sapperton, for whom Mr. Lester W. David, of
the Monarch Lumber Company, of Blaine, is the
representative. He was here on a purely
pleasure trip, but it is understood he was looking
Into business conditions with the view to future
operations of the mills. Further announcements
may be looked for in subsequent issues.
The Urquhart Brothers. Limited, operating a
well equipped mill on False Creek, intend to
change the name of the firm to that of the Vancouver Lumber Co., Ltd. The daily capacity of
this mill is 50.000, and the works are under the
charge of Mr. Beattle, who reports excellent prospects for the coming season. Tho mill has undergone considerable repairs with the view to exercising the greatest economy in the manufacture
,of its lumber, and the firm is in a position to supply the very highest grades to its customers at
icurrent prices.
The   extensive   alterations   and    additions   to
Cooke & Tab's   mill   on False Creek have been
-Completed, and work is expected to be resumed at.
an early date.      The addition consists of a two-
istorey building. 3(1x180 feet, in which   has   been
iplaced  some of the very best machinery procurable for the s-awmill and planing mill.    The Wat-
erous Engine Works, of Brantford. are the makers.
The new plant will have a capacity of 50.000 feet
*a day.    The firm intends to cater largely to the
local trade, and will make a specialty of finishing
.and bevel siding.    From their vicinity to the railway the firm is well enabled to ship to the Eastern
^markets, in which they contemplate doing an expensive business during the coming season.
Mr. W. D. Ludgate, brother of Theodore Ludgate, of the Arrowhead Lumber Company, spent
a few days in town last month.
The Cascade Lumber Company's mill has been
closed down for the past few weeks, pending repairs. Several important additions will be made
before resuming operations.
Mr. H. Pinckert, representing the Holloway
interest of La Crosse, Wisconsin, has been looking
up timber limits in British Columbia, and says his
people may acquire several large blocks in
The wharf addition at Evans, Coleman &
Evans' wharf will be one of the most costly structures of the kind in the harbor. It is said that
each pile when ready for driving will stand the
firm approximately $51, the copper sheathing
alone costing about $45 for each.
The alterations to the Canadian Pacific Lumber Company's mill at Vancouver have been completed and work resumed. These alterations consisted in the erection of a new dry kiln, with a
capacity of 250,000 feet, a planing mill and a lumber shed, covering 64x100 feet. The mill has now
a daily capacity of 80,000 feet.
The greater part of a boom of logs sold to the
Monarch Lumber Cmpany, of Blaine, by Mr. Herbert Gilley, of this city was lost during a storm
last month while in transit to Blaine by an American tug. The Monarch mills are the losers and
although some of the timber piled along the beach
was saved, it is estimated that the loss will amount to fully $2,000.
The Pacific Coast Pipe Co., of Seattle, Wash.,
believing that there is a good field for the products of their factory in this Province and the Dominion have decided to establish a fully equipped
factory for the manufacture of their wire-bound
wooden pipe in Vancouver. Mr. A. B. Irwin, of
Spokane, and Mr. F. M. Baum, of Seattle, recently
visited the city for the purpose of making arrangements with this end in view and ground for a site
has been secured.
The lots secured for the factory site have a
frontage of 100 feet on Granville street and 200
on Beach avenue, while on the other side of the
lots is a C. P. R. siding, which will afford every
convenience for shipping the pipes. The main
building will be 44 by 100 feet. This will contain
the expensive wood-working machinery necessary
to fashion the sections of the pipe from the specially selected timber employed in its manufacture.
In the western end of the factory will be the wire-
winding department, where the pipes will be finally wound with wire of different thickness according to the amount of pressure they are designed to
Adjoining the western end of the main factory
will be another building, slightly smaller in size.
In this building will be placed a huge caldron in
which the newly finished pipes will receive their
coating of tar and asphalt, which will render them
practically impervious to decay. The transferring
of the pipe from one part of the factory to another
during the various processes of manufacture will
be done by gravity. The configuration of the lots
comprised in the site will materially assist in this
scheme. At the extreme western end of the lots
a large storehouse will be built, in which thousands of feet of pipe can be kept on hand.
The concern will most likely be known as the
British Columbia branch of the Pacific Coast
Pipeworks. Mr. P. E. Fisher, president of that
company, will be largely interested in the local
company which will be incorporated in accordance
with the laws of the province. Mr. A. B. Irwin
will be the local manager. The plans for the
factory were prepared by the superintendent of
the company, who also planned and supervised
the erection of the other two factories at Spokane
and Seattle. •
The pipe made by this company is made of
selected kiln-dried fir. The staves are dressed
to true mathematical segments, so that when
assembled they form a perfect circle. The pipe
is manufactured in convenient standard lengths
around which galvanized wire is spirally wound.
In winding, the wire is paid out under tension
adapted to the size of pipe and wire. The spacing
of the wire as well as the size of the pipe is
adapted to the pressure under which the pipe is
to serve. The staves being so well dressed, the
inside of the pipe is so smooth that the factor of
roughness—the bugbear of hydraulicians—is
The pipe which will be manufactured in Vancouver will be of various sizes, ranging from a few
inches to ten feet, if desired, ft will be wire-
wound, and coated with asphalt and tar by a new
patent process. Wooden pipe can be made to
carry a pressure of 300 pounds to the square inch.
Both wooden and cast-iron joints are used, three
different patterns being available according to
the pressure which the pipe is required to carry.
The new works will give employment to nearly
100 hands when it is running full capacity.
Last month the Pacific Coast Pipe Company
was awarded a big contract at its Seattle works.
This contract, which was for 17,350 lineal feet of
large pipe for the Seattle waterworks, amounted
to $17,500. This figure, which was considerably
lower than several Puget Sound foundries tendering on cast-iron pipe, goes to show the great
saving effected in the cost of wooden pipe over
steel or iron. The next lowest bid on this particular contract was over $25,000.
The preliminary work of the Oriental Power
and Pulp Company, Limited, at Swanson Bay, has
been completed and the workmen withdrawn.
Wharves have been built and the necessary houses
constructed. Early in the spring tenders will
most probably be called for the erection of the
saw mill and other buildings, after which work
work will be carried on steadily until completion.
The annual meeting of the British Columbia
Lumber and Shingle Manufacturers' Association
was held on January 12th last, at which the election of officers took place, but no business of especial importance was transacted otherwise. The
following is a list of the officers:
President, E. H. Heaps; vice-presidents, J. G.
Scott, J. A. Sayward, W. Hepburn; secretary, R.
H. H. Alexander.
According to Building Inspector McSpadden's
report for last year, building permits were issued
amounting in value to $1,426,148, being an increase of nearly $600,000 over the previous year.
For last month the same officer gives the
following information:
Building permits were issued last month for
the construction of building aggregating $85,000
in value, this being an increase of nearly double
or $40,000, over last year, the exact figure for the
month of January, 1903, being $45,415.
According to a return brought down to an order of the house by the Minister of Finance, the
receipts from the lumber industry for the half
year, ending December 31st, 1903, were:
Rents  (timber leases)    $ 58,489.95
Timber Royalty and  Licenses 170,318.68
Total    $228,808.63
Our contemporaries on the Sound roughly estimate the cut for last year as follows:
"In round numbers it is reasonably correct to
state that the cut of the Coast for the past year
will not vary materially from 5,000,000,000. The
output might be stated as about the following:
California, 1,000,000,000; Oregon, 1,200,000,000:
Washington, 1,800,000000; British Columbia, 500,-
000,000; Idaho and Montana, 400,000,000. In California the cut of the mills north of Sacramento
in white and sugar pine is placed at about 450,
000,000 feet; redwood, 450,000,000; balance in the
small mills.
"Oregon's rail shipments have been heavy, it
being estimated that 20,000 cars were loaded besides those that went to California. In Washington there were loaded 42,350 cars of lumber, am
ounting to nearly 700,000,000 feet, with about an
equal amount going out in cargoes.
"Not less than 8,500.000,000 shingles were cut
on the Coast last year. Of these nearly 1,000,000,
000 were redwood. Over 6,000.000,000 cedar shingles were loaded on the cars in Washington; an
other billion were consumed locally, with an easy
half billion manufactured in British Columbia.
The value of the lumber products of the Coast
for the year 1903 was not far from $65,000,000." pm
Canadian timber is growing rapidly in value,
as shown by sales of Government land in Ontario.
Auction sales were recently made which brought
tho Government $3,077,337. One section brought
$61,500. J. H. Shevlin, of Minneapolis, was the
heaviest buyer from the United States. He paid
$315,150 for a tract. The sales covered 826V2
square miles. The land was put in blocks to accommodate the small buyers.
E. A. James, general manager of the C.N.R.,
who recently returned to Winnipeg from an inspection trip up to Edmonton, stated that the
company will build its yards there this summer,
to have everything ready for the main line when
it gets to Edmonton, which will be within twelve
months. Requisitions have already been received from companies to erect five grain elevators
there. The Canadian Northern will instal tracks
this summer so that these elevators will be in a
position to take in grain. The capacity of the elevators will run 40,000 to 50,000 bushels.
The census bureau has completed the statistics of manufacturing establishments in Canada. The number of industries employing five
workers and over in 1891 was 13,679, and the
value of the products $363,156,797. In 1901 the
number was 14,650, and the value of the products
$481,053,075. The value of butter and cheese in
creased from $10,000,000 to $29,000,000; the value
of cottons from $8,000,000 to $12,000,000; the
value of log products from $46,000,000 to $50,000,
000, and of slaughtering and meat packing from
$5,000,000 to $22,000,000. The woollen trade re
mains about the same, with a slight decrease. The
value of butter and cheese and condensed milk
factories in British Columbia increased from $73,
530 in 1891 to $105,090 in 1901.
Figures compiled by the Dominion Government
officers for tho fiscal year ending June 30, 1903,
n the amount of lumber shipped into Manitoba
nd the Northwest from the United States show
wonderful increase over that of previous years.
hey all but equal the total quantity of timber im-
iorted into this district for three years preceding.
The figures are significant.    They prove con-
usively that there is a steadily increasing de-
and for the American product.    For the  year
ding June 30,  1900,  24,476,402  feet of  lumber
jere  brought  across  the  border  into  Manitoba
d the Northwest, and of this quantity, duty was
arged on 3,520,402 feet.   These figures, however,
elude a portion  of the timber shipped  during
e previous year, a change having been made by
the Government in the time of the fiscal year.
For the year ending June 30, 1901, 11,000,000
feet of timber were imported, and in the following
year, 13,228,000.
The figures for the year ending June 30. 1903,
however, are most remarkable. They show that
the amount shipped to this province and the
Northwest was no less than 43,570,746 feet, or an
Increase of over 30,000,000 feet of timber imported
during the year.
The Canadian Pacific Railway Company have
been calling for tenders for the construction of
an irrigation canal near Calgary, N. W. T. Tenders were to be received at the company's offices
in Calgary on the 15th inst. and called for the
moving of 2.500,000 cubic yards of earth. A deposit of $5,000 was required by each tenderer.
This immense irrigation scheme now being
commenced by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company and intended when fully carried out to water 1,500,000 acres of the Company's lands in the
Northwest, is only one, although by far the most
important of projects for the rendering of arid
lands of that region suitable for agricultural purposes. When fully developed this one scheme
should provide farms for 8,000 farmers, who, cultivating their own land by means of irrigation,
will be able to control the growth of their crops
in a manner impossible to those who depend solely upon the rainfall.
The great settlement that this and similar nri-
gation schemes will induce in the Torrtories is
a matter of great importance to Vancouver, since
it means large additions to the customers for our
lumber supplies. With the largo increase in the
area sown to grain in those districts, the importance of finding facilities for shipping it from the
Pacific Coast will bo realized by those farmers
on the extreme western limits of the great plains
lying east of the Rocky Mountains.
A New Zealand correspondent to tho Canadian
Press says:
"Preferential trade is in the political air. It
may be only a question of a few months when
the Australian Government will follow the example of the Dominion. That a preference in customs duties will be extended to Canada upon a reciprocal basis is almost beyond question. What
the latter means to Canadian exporters can be
easily realized by a study of the enormous in-
rease in recent years of Australian importation of
goods from the United States. If not before ,at
least with the preference in duties will come
the direct cargo steamer service to Australia,
which will place exporters upon a footing which
at present is so much desired."
A New Zealand commercial firm refers to this
same increase in the United States trade with the
Antipodes, and suggests that the new tariff bill
passed by the New Zealand legislature should be
minutely studied in this country and advantages
taken of its provisions. The firm remarks that
the New Zealand preference to British and Colonial goods should be an immense advantage to Canadians and should, to a very large extent, affect
their importations from the United States. Thoy
expect that much of their American business will
be transferred to England and Canada because of
the new tariff. The firm is now anxious to hear
from Canadian manufacturers, especially of office
specialties and printing papers.
It is interesting to note in this connection
that of lumbei shipments to Australia during the
year 1903, the mills of Puget Sound and tho Columbia river shipped, in round figures, 63,000,000,
while the two British Columbia shipping mills
shipped 5,461,000. From the fact that there are
now no restrictions on the shipments, and are local mills are equally as independent as those of
the Sound, it is natural to assume from theabove
suggestions, British Columbia ought to obtain a
much larger proportion of the Australian lumber
trade than formerly.
A sale of 12,000,000 feet of white pine has
just been made by the Hines Lumber Company,
of Duluth, Minn., to a Toronto firm, to be shipped
to England and The Hague. The price of the
lumber was about $250,000.
President McGrath, of the Lethbridgo Irrigation Company, says five more sugar beet mills
will be erected in the Alberta country tho coming season. These will bo built by Mormon capitalists, headed by J. B. Knight, of Provo, Wash.
The Canadian Pacific Railroad has received a
trial shipment of Australian hardwood to be used
in the interior decoration of passenger coaches.
A large storage warehouse is to be erected near
the Canadian Pacific Railroad sheds on False
Creek, Vancouver, B. C.
Tho Ontario Government has granted the Mon
treal River Paper & Pulp Company an extension of time to complete their works. The agree
ment calls for an expenditure of $100,000 within
18 months from tho time the agreement was sign
ed, which was March 3, 1902, or $200,000 within
two years of that date, and another $200,000 with
in three years.
San Francisco, Feb. 15.—The Pacific Coast
Steamship Company and the owners of the lumber schooners operating between here and San
Pedro and other southern ports, have patched up
their differences, and the former company will
not carry out its intention to enter the lumber
carrying and selling business. The steam schooner men have agreed to advance their passenger
tariffs to southern ports. Hereafter the faro on
steam schooners to San Pedro will be $9.50 first,
and $7 second, instead of $7.50 and $5.50, the rates
which heretofore prevailed. The differences between the steamship company and the steam
schooner-owners were adjusted at the meeting
held on Saturday.
With at least 75 per cent, of the big loggin
companies of the state included in the list of mei
hers, the Washington Logging and Brokerag
Company lias begun life. The company was r
cently organized at a meeting of several of t]
larger linns that met in Everett and perfected at
organization. The object of the company is i
better conditions of the various camps and con
panies handling logs in the State of Washington
The combine is formed on the same general
principles as tho Interstate \W<\ Cedar Shingle
Company, which has succeeded in placing the pro
duct of the various mills within the company on
eastern markets at prices that are very satisfac
tory to the manufacturers. It is for this purpose
that the present combination of loggers of Wash
Ington is perfected.
It is estimated that all the larger camps in the
state and many of the smaller ones are Included
in the list of members, and the annual output <
the company is 500,000,000 feet of logs per year,
This combination is bound to have a material effect on the market of the northwest and of tip
whole country, as the companies included in the
organization have a controlling interest in the industry of tho state.
"Tho object of the company is to maintain the
price of logs and to better the conditions of tin
loggers," said Mr. S. G. Simpson, one of tho lead
ing members of the company. "The company
will bo for the purjxiso of selling, and we believe
that we can save the different members of the organization a good deal of money during tho year.
The expenses of marketing logs by the various
companies will lie borne by the company. When
a man has logs to sell, and all of them will have a
good supply, the company will market them and
return to the cam]) the money obtained. We shall
know just where to market, and to render this
part of the business much easier for the different
members of the company. I believe that we shall
bo abb- to save half the money now being expended for placing tho logs upon the market for the
camps and thus better their condition. There is
no desire on the part of the new company to dominate, but w0 are organized simply for the purpose of placing our product on the market in order to make returns better for the members."
The various lumber associations of the United
States have been almost unanimous in their en-
dorsation of the bill to bo introduced in Coagress
asking that legislation be passed compelling railway companies to furnish and forward cars within
a specified time after orders for such are received
or pay a forfeit for each day's delay. Tho question
is one of moment to all shippers. Tho first section
of tho proposed bill contains the gist of the subject matter, as follows:
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre
sentatives of the United States of America, in
Congress assembled:
Section 1. It shall be tho duty of every railroad company engaged in carrying or in giving
bills of lading for carrying, personal property and
live stock, between points in different states and
territories, upon written application by any person for the carriage of any such property or live
stock over the railroad of any such company, or
over such railroad and any connecting line or
lines of railroad, to any point in another state or
territory, to receive and commence the carrying
thereof within five days after the offer of delivery
thereof for such carriage, and any failure to re
ceive or commence the carriage of such property
or live stock by any such company in any such
case shall entitle the person making application
to recover from such company, for each car no
cessary for such carriage, for each day after said
fivo days during which such failure shall continue,
a penalty of ton dollars, recoverable by such person as plaintiff against said company as defendant
by a civil action in the circuit court of the United
States for any district in which such company
may have an office and agent for tho transaction
of any business, upon whom summons therein
may be served.
Charles F. Doe, the millionaire lumberman,
who died in San Francisco on January 16. has
left the University of California about $750,-
000 for a new library building. Doe's estate is
valued at $3,000,000, and consists mostlv of S&t>
ington state. The bequest to the university is for
24 per cent, of bis entire estate. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
A, J. BURTON SAW CO., Limited,
Also File Room Supplies.—Our Specialty Will Be Expert Workmanship.
In submitting to the PUBLIC the prospectus
is desirable to point out that the Company will
enter the field of BRITISH COLUMBIA under
the most favorable conditions.
The manufacture of SAWS and other materials
for the LUMBER MILLS of British Columbia has
not yet been developed in the PROVINCE; therefore the Company will be without a competitor
In supplying these large and increasing demands.
It is the purpose of the Company to divert the
business now benefitting the United States saw
The Company will be in a position to supply
the whole of British Columbia and the Northwest
Territories with saws and other goods of a finer
quality than those made In eastern Canada, and
save the consumer the duty upon the U. S. A.
article. A still greater advantage lies in the fact
that these goods being made here will remove
the long and serious delays that now obtain in
getting them from either eastern Canada or the
States. Repairs and alterations can be executed
here in a few hours that would require from three
to four weeks: so the Company can depend upon
the support of the Provincial buyers.
Subscriptions to the amount of nearly $10,000
have Already been received, and are chiefly from
the managers, foremen and filers of lumber mills,
to 'Whom the necessity of a SAW WORKS in our
Province has long been evident: their connection
With the Company with further its interests. The
Company will endeavor to have its workmen become shareholders, this will increase its proficiency and decrease the possibility of strikes, etc.
Prospectus  of the   A.   J.   Burton   Saw   Company,
The name of the proposed Company is sug
fact that Mr. A. J. Burton is the promoter and
Will be practical manager of the new company.
■ Mr. Burton possesses all the qualifications necessary to the successful management and carrying out of the objects of the Company, as will
appear from the following extract of a letter of
recommendation which Mr. Burton produces from
a leading firm of machinery manufacturers in
Qrand Rapids, Michigan:
"We have known Mr. Burton personally for
geven or eight years and know that he has had
all round experience both in the filing room and
■aw shops in connection with the manufacture of
Baws. He has considerable experience on the
Jroad as a band saw expert to look after 'trouble
cases.' having been employed in this capacity by
JFowle Bros. & Co., Woburn, Mass., and E. C. Atkins & Co., Indianapolis, Ind.   He has had entire
charge of the filing rooms in a number of large
mills of the country, employing two or more band-
saws. In fact, we think it would be difficult to
find a man of greater or more varied experience
in all classes of woods and with all kinds of mill
or filing room machinery."
This is only one of the many testimonials
which Mr. Burton produces from saw manufacturers and mill men in Canada and the United
The existence in British Columbia and the
Northwest Territories of so many large mills,
shingle mills and other factories using saws largely imported from the United States, suggests the
establishment of a factory for the manufacture of
saws in Vancouver, the commercial metropolis of
Canada West.
A full and careful estimate of the number of
saws imported for use in our mills discloses an
expenditure of at least $28,000 annually for the
first cost of the saws alone. This item does not
include in some cases the finishing, toothing, and
repairing of the slight and large defects in saws
caused by accidental misuse or otherwise.
To equip a saw mill of the capacity of the Pacific Coast Lumber Company, Limited, of Vancouver, with saws, involved the expenditure of
$4,G00.00. In this amount there was over one
hundred per cent, net profit to the American manufacturer, thirty per cent, duty to the Government, middle man's charges and commissions and
freight for the long haul west.
The initial supply of steel for the better class
of saws manufactured in the United States comes
from England. The American manufacturer's
freight and duty largely exceeds the freight on
steel per sailor from Liverpool to Vancouver.
The new Company will therefore be at no disadvantage in the matter of obtaining its stock of
Numerous tests made in the United States disclose positively that the steel supplied by the
Jessop Steel Company, of Sheffield, England, is
far superior for the purpose of manufacturing
saws than any other steel known to the trade.
The furnaces for tempering purposes are no
longer a question of experiment, but are built
on scientific principles well known to Mr. Burton.
He will undertake the construction of such furnaces as are required here on the ground, or will
order the finished furnaces as presently supplied
to and used by the American manufacturers from
the original manufacturer.
The objects of the proposed Company are to
manufacture, and in some cases to partly manufacture, band, gang, circular and other saws, and
washers used in mills, box factories and other
wood working manufactories and to buy and sell
or act as agent for other manufacturers of ail
classes of machinery and supplies used in lumber, shingle and planing mills or box factories,
such as file room machines, tools, etc.
Mr. Burton brings sixteen years' experience
to bear on the successful carrying out of these
objects. In addition to his knowledge of the best
class of machinery for the manufacture of the
best class of saws known to the trade, he is in
touch with the best workmen presently employed
in the successful manufactories of the United
It is intended in the new factory to not only
employ the best material and best and most modern class of machinery but the most capable
expert workmen now working at the trade, so
that an article of saw equal if not superior to the
best ever put in use in British Columbia can be
supplied to our mill men and others with guarantees attached which can be overlooked and made
good under the eyes of the managers and workmen who turn out the work.
It is generally admitted that the saws manufactured in the United States are superior to those
presently being manufactured in Eastern Canada.
The reason for this is the lack of capital and the
consequent lack of modern machinery and methods in turning out their Canadian output. Unless the new company can overcome these difficulties, the proposed incorporation will not be
proceeded with.
The plant, including buildings, engines, and
boilers, furnaces, grinders and other appliances,
will cost some $27,000.00. A year's supply of
steel in the rough will cost an additional $8,000.00
necessitating a subscribed capital of say $50,000.00
to establish the Company on a business basis.
It is intended to interest, if possible, all the
wood working interests using saws in British
Columbia in order that they may participate in
the profits arising from this their initial enterprise. A table of figures will be supplied to intending subscribers, disclosing gross profits in
respect of every saw turned out of over one hundred per cent.
It is proposed to capitalize the Company at
$75,000.00 in shares of $100.00 each. There will
be no watered stock and no promoters' shares.
Mr. Burton will become a shareholder to the
amount of his capital, being his savings as a
workman in the different manufactories and saw
It is intended to ask the City of Vancouver for
a free site and free water and exemption from
taxation for a number of years.    Should this re- \
quest be granted all shareholders will participate in the advantages thereby accruing to the
This enterprise, managed after business meth-
ment, cannot tail to bring large returns on the
ods, by a strong directorate and general manage-
money invested.
Estimated Yearly Turnover.
To supplies, rent, light and power $10,665 00
Management and  labor     10,000 00
File rooom supplies   4,000 00
Freight   300 00
Depreciation     630 00
Insurance     528 00
Taxes, water expected free  	
Balance    11,877 00
$38,877 00
By sale of new saws    $20 000 00
Sale of file room supplies       5,000 00
Repairs   to  saw        7,000 00
Sale of saws to Ontario and N.W.T....    6,000 00
$38,000 00
The estimated turn-over is a fair one in every
way. The busines must increase with the development of the Province, and should ultimately
have as large an output as the large firms of the
Eastern United States.
It is deseirable that Provincial capital should
be secured to develop the project, and it is with
assured confidence in the success of the enterprise that the PUBLIC is asked to consider the
SUBSCRIPTION for SHARES will be received by the promoter,
At the Company's Office Room,  11   IIADDON HI.DO,
Air. Burton informs us that stock has already
been subscribed to the amount of 15,000 shares
and that application for charter is now being
made. The proposed works should receive the
unqualified support of every mill man in the Province, as there is good reason to believe that it
ill  be a money making concern.
From all accounts the shingle business of
Puget Sound has apparently entered upon an era
of prosperity, and the chaotic condition obtaining
last fall is almost forgotten. By the organization
of the Interstate Red Cedar Shingle Company it
is proposed to market practically the entire output of the State of Washington, the organization
controlling, as it does, some three hundred mills.
The company has been fortunate in its first board
of directors, as well as in its choice of offlcerB,
and its reception by the public has been most
One feature which will strongly commend it
self to the consumer is the statement that a bureau of inspection is to be put in operation by
the company, similar to that adopted by the Pacific Coast Lumber Manufacturers' Association, ami
upon this bureau will devolve the responsibility
of keeping up the grades of Bhingles turned out
by the different mills having contracts with the
selling company.
The closing down of the majority of the shingle mills during the past two months has done
much to put the market upon a better basis, by
which the shingles accumulated last fall has been
so reduced that, through the supervision of the
new selling company there will be little likelihood of over-production which so marked the
closing months of 1903.
The following are the officers and directors of
the  company:
Officers: C. E. Patten, president; E. .1. Me-
Neeley, first vice-president: Michael Earles, second vice-president; C. F. White, third vice-president; V. H. Beckman, secretary; S. F. Smith,
Directors: E. G. Griggs. Tacoma; G. A. Onn.
Dryad; F. K. Baker, Everett: .1. D. Hockey. Bell-
ingham; L. A. Wheeler, Arlington; H. M Casey.
MiDtown; H. (5. Richardson. Olympia; E. Hammer, Sedro-Woolley; Ralph Metcalf, Tacoma: C.
D. Stimson. Ballard;   E. L. Minard, Elma.
of the mills included in the association. Ord <
and queries began to pour in before the doori if
the new offices were opened, and the prospe *
are very bright for Centralia becoming one of I ..
leading lumber shipping points in the Northwi t.
If, as estimated, six hundred cars per month i (>
billed here, Centralia will pass Everett and di p
in behind Tacoina, which city now holds the I< ad
in the state lumber trade.
A bill was introduced by Representative Jones
of Lincoln county, the special session of the Oregon legislature, to compel railroad companies to
furnish cars under penalty. The bill was lost m
the House, the vote being 24 for and 26 against
The bill provided that the railroad companies
should supply cars within a specified time after
shippers make demand therefor—10 cars or less
within fifteen days, and 50 cars or more within
twenty days Companies were liable to forfeit
$10 a day to shippers for each car not furnished
and shippers were liable to forfeit $15 a day to
the companies for each car delivered and not
used. Debate was fierce between the friends and
enemies of the measure. Various amendments
were  forced   upon   the  bill.—Oregon  Timberman.
In some tests made with small squares of var
ions woods buried one inch in the ground, the
following results were obtained: Birch and aspen
decayed in three years; willow and horse chestnut
in four years; maple and red beech in five years;
elm. ash, hornbeam, and lyombardy poplar in sev
en years; oak. Scotch fir, Weymouth pine, and
silver fir decayed tt) the depth of half an inch
in seven years: larch, juniper and arbor vitae
were uninjured at the expiration of seven years
In situations so free from moisture that they may
lie practically called dry the durability of timber
is almost unlimited. The roof of Westminster
Hall is more than 450 years old. Scotch fir ha?
been found in good condition after a known use
of 300 years, and the trusses of the roof of the
basilica of St. Paul, Home, were sound after 1,000
years of service.—Liverpool  Post.
The Lumber Manufacturers' Agency has
been formally established in the handsome new
quarters in the old Bank of Commerce rooms,
Hense block. North Centralia. Wash., and is engaged in the work of marketing the entire output
During last year $210,000 worth of    buildings
were erected  in  the    new    town    of    Strathcona
across from  Edmonton.
The Hasting If Manufacturing (opy, Limited
HEAD    OFFICE! :      VANCOUVER,   B.  C.
Red Cedar Bevel Siding, ""•"
ard Fancy Butts,
and 17 in. Dimension
The Famous
Brands of Shingles
We own and operate several mills in Washington and British Columbia, being on both sides of the "imaginary line;' known as the international line, and it keeps our opponents in the trade guessing how to meet us on account of the good quality of our manufactured stock which
has been so carefully planned that oven the selection of our timber lands in years past has something to do with the present.
We find our competing salesmen's story to the customers has now got to be a "song pure and simple," which they have learned from necessity to sing loudly and lustily, and is as follows: — "Just as Good as Hastings," "Just as Good  as Hastings."
While we appreciate their holding our goods as models of perfection, which the high standard certainly merits, still, looking at the matter from
the customers' and consumers' standpoint, we cannot see any advantage to you in buying an imitation when the real article can be had through
our representatives, viz: —
JAMES  TWITCHELL,  Clinton, Ont., for Ontario.
SAMUEL   ASHFIELD, Winnipeg, Man., for Manitoba and the
North-West Territories.
SMITH,  DUPLAIN & CRUMB CO., Rockford, 111,, for Illinois,
Indiana, Ohio and Wisconsin.
D.   I).   BABBITT,  Clinton, Iowa, for Minnesota and Iowa, North
o( the C. & X. W. Ry.
JOHN   A.   UHLER,   Burlington,  Iowa,  for  Iowa,  South of  the
0. & X. W. Rv.
C.  S. RILEY, & CO.,  Philadelphia, Pa., for Pennsylvania.
F.   R.  STEVENS,   L8 Broadway, New York City, for  New York
and New Jersey.
UNITED   LUMBER  CO., Springfield,  Mass., for Maine,  New-
Hampshire,   Vermont,   Massachusetts, Rhode   Island   and
SHEPHERD,  FARMER & io.y Boston, Mass., for Maine, New
Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts and Rhode Island. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
We are ready to fill your orders promptly with any kind of kiln dried
Cedar Finish, Fir  Finish  and   Mouldings
Cooke & Tait's No. 1 Brand are Fast Sellers.
Prices and Estimates given on  application.
Write, wire, telephone or call on us.
P. O. BOX 226
Cedar, Fir and Spruce
Prompt Shipments Superior Grades
Mail Orders Respectfully Solicited
lumber Manufacturer ...VANCOUVER, B. C.
Doors, Windows, Mouldings and finishings
Rough and Dressed Lumber
IN   . . .
Write or call for Estimates to
271-75 Hastings Street E.
or 298 Prior Street ....
Vancouver, B. C.
We have 40 millions of first-class cedar
on our limits near Vancouver, with good water
power, and will give interest in same for the
erection   of small sawmill	
We have, or can furnish you with first-
class timber limits in different parts of the
Province, and can sell to you on reasonable
Room 7,
311   Hastings Street,
British Columbia Cedar Shingles
You Want None but the Best
Then Place Your Orders with    —-^
Vancouver, British Columbia
This is the finest loggers' boot made in
the world to-day. It is a hand-made boot
throughout, and nothing but the very best
French calfskin used. Made in 8, 10
and 14-inch leg. All we charge you is
$6.00 per pair. Sold everywhere for
$7.50.     Mail orders promptly attended to.
Hastings St., Vancouver, B. C.
Fine Cedar Lumber
and Shingles ....
Orders Solicited and Correspondence Promptly Attended to
■ TT
Transportation is the most important thing in
this world whether our wings be black or white
in the next. To no one is it becoming a matter
of greater interest than to the lumbermen of
British Columbia. Great inroads have been made
into the fringe of timber easily accessible along
the Coast, while up country we can hardly drive
the rivers. The hills are steep to climb, the logs
as heavy as ever and more valuable year by year.
To solve the problems railways are being
contemplated but they do not quite satisfy many
who have the log transport question in view. A
mile of track laid with 20-pound rails will cost
$3,000, and with 40-pound rails nearly $5,000, this
allowing, too, only $000 a mile for grading road
A main haulage way alone is thus secured.
There is still the difficulty of getting the logs from
the stump to the skid road and along the skid
to the railway. Grades steeper than five feet per
hundred are impracticable, and even with much
less they are troublesome and dangerous.. Notice is therefore directed to a traction engine designed and manufactured by Daniel Best & Co.,
of San Leandro, Cal. It is the outcome of fifteen
years of close experimenting and well digested experience in the forests of California, Oregon and
The machine is a regular steam elephant, and
can go over underbrush, small logs and chunks
to the actual stump; load onto wagons, then
without track haul away a dozen huge logs over
grades of 25 feet per hundred.
The distinguishing features of these engines
are light weight in proportion to power and large,
broad-tired wheels that roll over the ground and
not through it.
The boiler used is a combined upright with
a horizontal leg that practically water jackets
the fire box. It is of steel tested to 200 pounds
and each one is accompanied by an inspection
and insurance certificate. The wheels are bicycle
pattern, 8 feet high and 9 feet apart, with a heavy bent axle upon which is placed the boiler. Jars
thus do not strain the boiler seams and cause
The  tires  are  three-fourths  inch  steel  made
24 inches to 40 inches wide if desired. Wide tires
are for use on soft swampy ground, in fact, the
engine has   hauled  its  load  where  horses  have
mired. From the ends of the axle heavy steel bed
ates extend forward to the front wheel, which
nly carries  enough   weight  to  insure  accurate
On this bed duplex 9x9 engines are set. They
e high speed—220 revolutions—and reduced
rough fire cut steel gears to a pinion engaging
th the cogged inner surface of the large drive
heels. Thus the power is applied at the great-
fit leverage. At a touch of the throttle the engine
ill move forward or backward an inch or take
a train of wagons carrying 40 or 50 tons up or
down grades. Their speed is three miles per hour
with loads of from 50 to 75 tons and they return
light at four miles per hour. Each engine is fitted with a 52-inch fly wheel to allow of use as
a stationary. All this duty is secured for the cost
of about two miles of railway, while the working
expense is, engineman, $4; fireman, $2.50, and
any fuel from oil to bark. They will roll over
plowed fields, go slowly down the steepest hills,
climb over shrubs, logs and stones, and even lift
themselves up an eighteen-inch cut bank. Logging
trucks, freight wagons and water tanks and plowing outfits are also manufactured by the Best Manufacturing Company. Full particulars upon application to C. R. Coultee, Inns of Court Building,
Vancouver, B. C.
Recent advices from Chicago state that demands have been made by the 2,000 wood wo*_kcrs
in the sash and door factories there for a shorter
working day. They want eight and a half instead of
nine hours as at present. Conferences have been
held with the mill owners, but they refuse to
make concessions. A strike is threatened March
1, when the present agreement with the men expires. Three years ago the men went on a strike
for eight hours and lost it. Since they have been
working nine hours a day. A feature of the present situation is that the officers of the union oppose the present movement and say that it is not
practical to reduce the hours in Chicago and
compete with other centers where the men work
nine hours.
In view of the foregoing the following item
from an exchange is significant:
Alarmed at the rapid exit of manufacturing
industries from Chicago because    of the    many
strikes, lockouts and other labor troubles of the
past few years, the Chicago real estate board has
decided to take active measures to prevent further exodus. It is estimated that the combined industrial loss to the city has been more than a
hundred million dollars in the past three years.
In the appeal made by the board it is stated that
strike violence is nearing an end in the city, aided by the grand jury's action in indicting strike
leaders and rioters.
Almost the entirely business portion of the City
of Baltimore, Md., was razed to the gr>und ly a
fire which started on the morning of February
5th continuing for forty-eight hours. The damage is conservatively estimated at $125,000,000,
with insurance amounting to $90,000,000. Mayor
McLane, when asked for a statement, dictated the
following to the Associated Press:
"Baltimore will now enter undaunted upon the
task of resurrection. A more beautiful city will
arise from the ruins and we shall make of this
calamity a future blessing. We are staggered by
the terrible blow, but we are not discouraged,
and every energy of the city as a municipality,
and its citizens as private individuals, will be devoted to the rehabitation that will not only prove
the stuff we are made of. but be a monument to
the  American   spirit."
The offices of the Arbuthnot Lumber Company,
corner of Logan and Princess streets, were practically destroyed by tire on January 26th, and
most of the valuable portion of the stock, which
was housed in a small building at the rear of the
offices was also destroyed. The loss will be about
A serious fire occurred  at  Calgary, N.  W. T.
on the night of January 16th, and did damage to
the  extent  of  $200,000.     Senator   Loughead   was
one of the heaviest losers.    We are informed that
he will commence  rebuilding  at  once.
The following communication, treating upon
the work of the Lumber Association of the Paci
fie Coast, is from the pen of Mr. Everett G. Griggs
of Tacoma, and is well worthy of reprint:
The  most  satisfactory  assurance,   I   think,  of
the benefits of association   work   is    the    result
which was attained by  the cargo branch  of the
Pacific Coast Lumber Manufacturers' Association
in the accomplishment of a raise in price of lum
ber from $7.00 to $14.op per M in two years.   The
successul lanunching of a scheme which removed
the foreign lumber market from the chaotic con
dition   which   prevailed   prior   to   our   association
work,  and  the  accomplishment   of a  selling  list
which all acknowledge to be a most practical and
valuable adjunct, together with the establishment
of an inspection bureau whose record in the for
eign market  is  already  enviable,  are results  we
hope will not be lost sight of.
The self-sacrificing work of a few in matters
of this kind may be prompted by personal inter
ests, but I have always found that in a broad
sense our fellow-competitor is encompassed by the
same horizon, and every day we are all fighting
similar battles. In this enlightened age we should
realize that all have equal rights, and the best
results can be accomplished by concerted and
united action.
The blessings of prosperity and good prices
in our lumber products are reflected in the home
of every resident on the Coast. The cut-throat
policy and competitive tendency is likewise re
fleeted and its effect is bitter. There certainly
exist as many honest men in the lumber Industry
as in others, and association alone will protect our
heritage of timber and give evidence of its value
as an asset.
We are too prone to be jealous of our fellow
manufacturers and lose sight of the fact that if
he prospers it is an axiom that kindred interests
prosper likewise.
The experience of association work in the
East and South is satisfactory evidence of its
benefits. It requires a broad-minded policy to
clearly perceive the ultimate benefits of allowing
your competition to profit by your own expori
ence, but it is a poor rule that does not work
both ways. No better evidence, I think can be
cited of the benefits of association work than an
instance two yeau ago at the inception of our
association. One 'nan who never took time to
leave his mill was furnishing 8x24x32 at $9.00
per M., which  the buyer told him  was the best
price obtainable, while another member wa
ing all he could make at $17.on, and the buyi
taking all he could get.
If  association   work   is   a   benefit   on   a
market, I firmly believe it can be a benefit o
market.    Concerted   effort   to   maintain   a
will haw   better results than continued  effn
the part of all to cut down to cost.    The di
agemenf of new milsls and prevention of ovi
duction must be accomplished, but with mil
ready  built, our aim  must   be to expand  our
kets.     Association   work   and   concerted   effoi
this line will accomplish more than Individua
forts.   It means an expense account to which
all contribute, and the establishment of a bur
of information which is invaluable in the prom
tion of a successful business.
The terrible disaster at the Iroquois theatre in
Chicago last  December  is responsible  for  jome
interesting experiments in rendering fireproof in
flammable materials. At Chicago a few weeks
ago Mr. .1. L. Perrell. of Philadelphia; demonstrated the result of his Investigations by throwing
handfuls of excelsior on a hot gas fire in the
rooms of the Western Society of Engineers
It   smoked    but    it    did    not    blaze. Then    he
placed pine shavings on top of the excel.-iur
pine splinters on top of them and piled pine
shingles and slabs of pine on the supposedly Inflammable material. There were no flames, except the blue ones, from  the gas.
Mr. Ferrell had been asked to address the engineers on the subject of Are-proofing wood and
combustible fabrics to show that theatre scenery
could be made as impervious as wood. Tho
chemical held a piece of canvass in the flame
and while it smoked a little around the edges,
there was no flame. Sulphate of aluminum is the
composition Mr. Ferrell had used to fireproof th''
wood and cotton. His plan is to saturate the material under a pressure. Sulphate of aluminum is
cheap, costing seventy-five cents a hundred weight
and the expense comparatively is small.
The Wisconsin Lumber Company is Installing
new machinery at its plant at  Littell. Wash.
The Trail Creek News in ts summary of the
production of lumber for 1903 in Southern Koote
nay and Southern Vale, estimates a total of 109,
000,000 feet at an average value of $1.', per 1,001
B. Lequlme, of the Kettle Valley  Lumber Com
pany, is making preparations to get out a large
number of railway ties between now and next
spring. It has not been made public which road
the ties are for, although it is hinted that they
will be used on the V.  V.  &  B.
Tacoma is credited for 1903 with a cut of
about 340,000,000 feet of lumber. Of this amount
the St. Paul and Tacoma Lumber Company cut
122,348,661 feet, subdivided as billows:: Oft.r.r.L
001 feet fir: 15,597,360 feet cedar; 12,196,521 feet
of Washington pine and spruce. Their Bhinglfl
cut was 63,822,000. This is the largest output of
any mill company on the coast.
.1. H. Brodel. of the Larson Lumber Company.
a leading authority on log and lumber statistics
of'Puget Sound, estimates that there are no*   i"
the waters of Puget  Sound  upward of  120,0	
foot of fir and cedar logs in excess of the cutting
Capacity of the mills in the Puget Sound district
He says that the supply of logs now in the watef
is double that of last year, with practically 'he
same manufacturing capacity of mills of the fur
met- year.
Shingles manufacturers of Washington state
have come to an understanding whereby a reduction in prices paid to knot sawyers and shingle weavers will become effective when the nulls
reopen after the January shut down. The high
price of logs and the failing off in the demand
for shingles is responsible for the decision to enforce a wage adjustment. During the past fe«
months mill owners have found the price of log*
constantly advancing, wages being maintained at
a high rate and the price of shingles together
with the demand for the output, showing a continued decline. It is insisted that, the mills ;
made little or no money during the recent u
and the decision to readjust conditions was l
ed with the idea of protecting the plants.
l*eaal      •
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Judgment has been given in the Supreme
Court for the plaintiff, on every point, in the
Christio vs. Fraser lawsuit.
The case arises out of a timber limit of 2,000
acres in extent. On the advice of II. A. Fraser,
who represented himself to be an experienced
timber man, John A. Christie purchased the limit
for 50,000. Christie claims, and produces documents to show, that it was represented to him
that the limit contained 2.000 acres, that it would
cut 20.000 feet to the acre, and that the cedar
would run one-third clear.
The ■••lion was brought by Mr. J. A. Christie
agains* II A. : Yaser, J. W. and H. W. Hunter,
and The Erie Mill Company, for the recision of an
agreement for the sale and purchase of timber
limits at Guilford Island; for a dissolution of the
partnership between him and the defendant,
Fraser, and for the return of the money paid as
part of the purchase price, and for damages.
Christie alleged collusion between Fraser, his
partner, and the other defendants, whereby
Fraser was to be paid to induce Christie to pay
an exorbitant price for the limits. The plaintiff
also alleged misrepresentation on the part of the
defendant, Hunter brothers.
In delivering judgment, Mr. Justice Irving
scored the defendant Fraser, heavily. Reciting
the '.acts as he found them, that Fraser had been
promised a commission of $500, that he had misappropriated other moneys of Christie's, that he
had asked for and had been refused money by
one of the Hunters, and had afterwards written
him a blackmailing letter, and was then subsequently given $182 by J. W. Hunter. His Lordship remarked that he had started with the foundation that Fraser was a dishonest man, and
could give as little credence to his evidence as
possible. Where be could he would avoid reference to Fraser at all, but the man was so intimately mixed up in the case, that his story had to
be considered when it agreed with the other evidence in the case.
It was found that Hunter had promised Fraser
a commision. Hunter himself admitted that
Fraser had asked him for money, and had been
refused. He afterwards went to Victoria where
Fraser was in hiding, being afraid of criminal proceedings being brought by Christie, and had
shown a great anxiety to see him, calling at his
house twice in one night, and again the next
morning. He admitted giving Fraser $182, but
explained this by saying that Fraser had threatened to leave the country unless he received
money to pay Christie $150, to avoid a criminal
charge. The court found that Hunter wanted
Fraser as a witness on the present case, and gave
him the money, and this, the court stated, was
tampering with a witness.
Judgment was finally given, that the agreement entered into between the plaintiff and the
defendants for the purchase by Christie of the
limits be rescinded. That the money, $2,500 already paid by Christie on the execution and in
pursuance of the agreement, be paid him by these
defendants, and that he have judgment for damages for the amount expended by him on the
limits in question, $4,000, or $6,500 in all. Judgment was also given for Christie, dissolving the
partnership between him and Fraser. Costs go
with the judgment.
understanding that his client was to be subrogated in the rights of the lien holders, and judgment
was given for the company. Mr. A. D. Taylor
for Mr. Marshall, who was a witness, applied for
an order that the $500 be paid out of the proceeds
of the sheriff's sale of the logs, and it was so ordered.
Advertisements will be inserted in this department
at the rate of io cents per line for each insertion, payable in advance.
WANTED— First-Class Cedar Logs. Apply at
Mill No. "2, Hastings Shingle Manufacturing Company,
Vancouver, R. C.
The final legal move in the settlement of the
liens filed against the logs of Mr. W. H. Higgins
at the time of his assignmentn several months ago
was made in the county court on the 9th inst.
When Mr. Higgins assigned for the benefit of his
creditors, a number of liens were filed against the
logs by workmen in his camps. Their action was
taken under the Workmen's Lien Act for Wages.
The sheriff took possession of the logs, and when
they were eventually sold the money was turned
into court for the benefit of the lien holders.
The Pacific Coast Lumber Company, of Vancouver, had a mortgage on the Higgins' logs, subject to the liens, and gave the company the rights
of the lien holders in that amount. The lien holders denied the right of the lumber company to
any of the money in court.
Judge Henderson has decided on the issue presented, that when Mr. D. G. Marshall, solicitor
for the lumber company, paid the money to the
solicitors for the lien holders, he did so with the
LOGS WANTED.—Wanted to buy cedar, fir
and srpuce logs, taken off Crown-granted lands.
Apply to J. S. Emerson, Vancouver.
WANTED PORTABLE SAW MILL—A portable saw mill having a capacity of from 7 to 10 M.
per day. Address, room 12, Inns of Court Building.	
WANTED—Partner with about $5,000 to engage in
mill business with adverliser, who has an unlimited
supply of logs within a few miles of Vancouver. Address, Partner, c/o B. C. Lumberman.
SHINGLE BOLTS—We are prepared to contract for a large quantity of shingle bolts for next
year's delivery, for which we will pay good
prices. None but perfectly reliable parties, who
either own or can prrchase their own timber and
camp outfit need apply. WOODS & SPICER,
Vancouver, B. C.
Vancouver Daily Ledger
British Columbia's
Brightest Newspaper
You need it in your business
Hailed to every part of the Province or Dominion for $3.00 per year.     Delivered in the City,
10c. weekly.
If you can't jret in, shove your money under the door.
Suits to Order or Ready-to-Wcar.
Fairfield Block, Granville Street
Mail orders promptly attended to.    Samples and
Self-Measurement Blanks sent on application . . B»mmnanMani
■ 11
34-36 Fremont St., SAN FRANCISCO
29-35 First St., PORTLAND
110-112 Jackson St., SEATTLE
F. H. Clement Co.
Glen Cove Mach. Co., Limited
Hoyt & Bro. Co.
The Levi Houston Co.
Globe Machine Co-
Lehman Machine Co.
Milwaukee Sander Mfg. Co.
C   B. Rogers & Co.
Rowley & Hermance Co.
Williamsport   Mach. Co.
Young Bros.   Co.
Most Extensive Line ot Modern Wood-Working Machines In The World
R, HOE & CO.'S Chisel Tooth Saws, Shanks and Bits
The same we have sold 27 years
We guarantee satisfaction wherever it is put
Genuine  Scotch   Gauge Glasses
We Import them
Simple and sure
Rubber and Leather Belts, Brass Goods, Packings
S We guarantee satisfaction wherever it is put £* s
Plans and Specifications for Power and Mill Plants of any Description.
Embody the latest improvements suggested by practical loggers. They are
strongest and most durable, requiring least attention and fewest repairs.
Patent steam friction, Turner's patents, and our new lock lever friction devices. Over 750 Engines now in use in Washington, Oregon, California, British Columbia, Alaska, Nicaragua and the
Philippines.      Write  us  your  requirements and   we  will send complete specifications and prices.
Washington Iron Works Go.
xxi cxxxxxxxxxxxxxix ixixxxxxixxxxxxx :xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx:cxxx.cxxx cxxxxx
•      latent'
ixi :i: :n. [xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx cxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxixxxi cxxxxn
Tho accompanying drawings arc of a clapboard machine upon which Mr. A. J. Burton, the
promoter of the A. J. Burton Saw Company, has
j'iEt received letters of patent. This new clapboard machine fills a long felt want anions mill-
men, and will he of special hencflt to them just
now that the shingle market is experiencing a
period of over production.
This machine will furnish a fresh outlet for
their lumber, as it is specially adapted to cut 4-
foot clap-hoards for the New England market,
and as it will produce at least five times as many
clap-hoards per day as any circular saw machine
known to-day. and will save half the waste of
curf of the present machines, thereby reducing
the cost of production, the milimen will be enabled to put these goods into the East at a profit
which  is impossible  with  the  present  machines.
Manner of Working the Machine.
When a bolt is to be placed between the centers H and E the machine is swung round in the
direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. 3. till it
Is substantially at an angle of forty-five degrees
to the position in which it is shown in the drawings, so that the operator will not be liable to
Injury from th > :-aw. The timber, d1.">, which supports the upper center, is then swung round so
as not to interfere with the bolt when being placed
In position. The bolt is then placed by suitable
means on the lower center point H. It is then
held In  the  vertical  position  and  the  timber or
/Vy /
supporting beam dl3 is swung back into the cen-
cept when the cam is tripped by the engaging
tral position, and by means of the handle, el, the
center E is forced into the center of the upper end
of the bok. The machine is then swung round on
the turn-table or base A till it is in the position
shown in the drawings. The machine will now
be started by slipping the belt, on the tight pulley,
vl. The slidable portions of the machine will be
caused to advance by means of the pitman. 3, the
crank-wheel 2 and the gears 8 and 9* It may be
mentioned that the bolt is about two inches clear
of the band saw when it is at the extremity of
its backward motion. It will thus be seen that
as the bolt is advanced against the saw a radial
cut will be taken, whose length will depend upon
the diameter of the crank wheel 2. As the crank
Wheel contines to revolve the bolt and the slidable
portions of the machine will be quickly drawn
back and as soon as the bolt is clear of the saw
the projection, fl, will engage the roller of the
cam S. This will cau?e the shaft R and. the rocking bar Q to turn through a suitable angle. The
roller Q on the pin q1 secured to the rocking bar
. Q and engaging the underside of the lever P will
.therefore cause the said lever to be raised into
a position approximately as shown in Fig 9 in dot-
,ted lines. The result of this motion will be that
..!he pawl P will rotate the ratchet wheel O, thus
musing the gear-wheel Ml and the gear-wheel M
'to rotate.    The rotation will thus be transferred
through the shaft J to the worm I. The worm,
which engages the worm gear-wheel, h3, will rotate the gear-wheel which in its turn causes the
point H to rotate, thus turning the bolt a suitable
amount. The dimeinsions and positions of the
worm, the gear-wheel and the rachet wheel, the
worm, the gear-wheel and the ratchet-wheel, the
so adjusted that the rotation of the bolt will be
just sufficient to make the next cut of the saw
sufficiently far from the last cut to cut a clapboard
of the proper thickness.
The roller Q and the pin ql, upon which it is
rotatably mounted may be adjusted longitudinally
in the slot q2 in the rocking bar Q. The object
of this adjustment is to enable the operator to
set the machine in such a way that it will cut
clapboards of the proper thickness whatever the
diameter of the bolt or log may be. When a log
of large diameter is being cut the angle through
which the los: must be rotated to obtain a clapboard of a certain length will, of course, be smaller than the angle throueh which the small log
would have to be rotated. Consequently when a
large log is used the throw given to the rocking
lever, P. will be less, and, in this case, the roller
and pin will be moved to a position in proximity
to the shaft, R. If. however, a. small log is being
cut the roller and pin will be moved away from
the shaft. R, in the slot q2, so as to give the rocking lever P a greater throw. The lever, P. while
the machine is advancing and retracting, will re
main absolutely horizontal and will not swing ex-
projection, the reason for this being that the under side of the lever, which rests on the roller
q, is perfectly straight and horizontal.
The advantage of this machine over machines
previously used will be immediately apparent. The
clapboard machines which were used in the past
were designed to cut the log horizontally and for
this purpose a rotarj saw was used, which cut
from one end of the bolt to the other. This necessitated feeding the bolt through a distance of
six feet, that the entire length and a little extra
at each end might pass the saw clear before the
bolt was turned. As the cut is taken in a radial
direction in the present device the movement will,
of course, be only the width instead of the length
of the clapboard and the result is a very considerable saving of time. Another advantage of the
device is that the machine may be used to saw
blocks or bolts of any diameter within certain
limits, whereas in most machines previously used
is was impossible to make adjustments to suit
logs whose diameter differed to any extent.
The core which is left after the bolt has been
sawn is of no greater dbmeter than the diameter
of the center points, which, of course, prevent the
band saw penetrating in further towards the center of the bolt. It will thus be seen that the wast?
material is reduced to a minimum. %*
I       Practical 3ui\ts
(By. A. J. Burton.)
The necessity of competent and progressive
filers has become more apparent to mill men
since the introduction of the double-cut band saw
than ever before, How often we read, sec and
bear of filers who were very sueeesful in handling
single-cut saws, falling down or making a complete failure in their attempt to file one of the
large double-cut mills of the Southern States, especially those that cut the hard yellow pitch pine
and the woolly Cottonwood of the Southern States
and the Douglas fir of the Pacific Coast.
The reason for this failure is quite clear to
the more progressive filer, as his experience
teaches him that, where there is an effect there is
a cause; and he is always alert and awake to get
the opinion of his brother filers and others with
whom he comes in touch, these opinions and ideas
compound with his own observations, ami when
adopted and put into practical use, soon win him
success and the title of expert or master of his
T will try and lay down a few points from my
daily practice while a filer, which never failed to
give the highest results, both as to quality and
quantity of lumber, and the saving of the lives
of the saws and file room machinery under my
My first advice, is, do not try to see how long
you can run your saws without swaging or putting them on the bench to see if they need a little
tension here and there, or if there should be a
lump that should be levelled. Do not let your
grinder go day after day without looking to see
if there is any loose motion  in the head slides
or boxes, etc., while you are sitting down in a
corner, at ease, with the thought that is so often
repeated, "while all is going well let  her alone."
Make a daily practice of looking over and examining your machines, and see that they are
all clean and take up the loose motion. Look over
your band saws on the bench every second run,
it will only take twenty minutes or so each time,
and "a stitch in time saves nine." Don't forget
that your careful study of little points will in
crease your company's weekly output; you will
soon become known to your employer and tin'
chances of an increase in salary greatly enhanced.
The most Important points to be observed and
practiced, are to keep your saws perfectly flat,
both lengthwise and crosswise, with perfectly
straight edges; the latter can be best obtained
by the use of a tine copper wire, say 12 feet long
held parallel with the bottom of the gullets of the
teeth for double-cut saws, as the gullets are always of an even depth if the grinding is properly
done, whereas the points of teeth vary in length,
according to the amount of wear from sand-wood
or other causes, after each run. Using the straight
edge against the teeth will not give such good results.
A perfectly flat saw with a light, even tension
is more desirable than a saw so full of tension
that it will be almost impossible to level it. The
best results will be obtained from a double-cut
saw if the blade is evenly tensloned throughout,
as much as will allow it to lie perfectly Hat. with
its own weight, upon a six-foot levelling table
The tension should be put in with a guage, of a
perfect circle and sufficient amount to give the
above result. Always leave a tyre on each edge
of the saw, or. in other words, it will net be necessary to roll nearer than one and a half inches
from the edges in the usual way but circumstances
alter cases, and filers must use judgment in this
and at all times. Next, use a full swage and use
the shaper only, do not uiaimo the teeth every time
you swage, as this is not necessary to fast cutting
or to smooth timber, but see that, the teetl ,oat
all times straight  and  with  an even light lge
I do not  mean a light  corner,  but  a good, avy'
Strong corner with  no more spread  than fled
to   clear   the   saw.     The   lumber   will   tl; |H,
smoother, the saw will stand up better, thei will
be  less  wear,  and   tin1  tiler  will   have  |ev orj|
and every time the saw comes off the mill | x\\\
shine all  over  like  "a  new   Yankee  dollar, ,im|
nut show a brlghl spol here and    a darl nm
spol there, as is a common thing with lum] and
unevenly tensloned saws with a wide swagi Phe
wide swage is a sad mistake, but it is nei ary
[f the saw is lumpy in order to cut a "sv pth"
large enough t" allo\* the lump to pass through
the fog without heating Hie plate.
I have never known a ease where a II age
band saw required more than an 8-guage       lge
and much better work will lie dune with !• iagi
if tlie saw is perfectly Hat.
1 will new close my fatherly advice with une
more surest ion. i. e., never be afraid to shew or
tell a brother tiler, ho is trying to climb to the
top of the ladder, any little point that in your
practical experience has prosed beneficial to you;
don't think that if you do so he will lie taking
your position from you. but rather do your part
so well that there will never be occasion for that
to occur: for the world is daily calling for better
and more expert men at an advanced wage li
handle these machines to a better advantage Thif
does not apply only to the band saw filer,
but   to   the   sawyers,   foremen   and   all   cldJHGi o|
tradesmen. The designers of these maci'ne^ ar
the cause of this great demand for more t \|rn
men, and our mill men have gradually but Mirth;
advanced with these ideas for the machines and
devices, mills, etc.. at a pace faster in propo-tioa
to the intelligence or progress of the orthwi
workmen or operators to produce the desir? i *e
suits. Hence tin' demand for better men ai W
ter wages. Let us try to help one another tOWardl
this  end.
The B.  C. Lumberman.—The first number of
the British  Columbia Lumberman,  a  Vancouver
publication, has reached the Colonist's exchange
able.    It is well printed and full of information
if interest to the trade.   It thus explains its mis-
on:     "In   undertaking   the   publication   of   the
iritish Columbia Lumberman, it is with the feel-
g that the saw mill and shingle men, the deal's and the lumber trade generally, will be mater-
lly benefitted. Hitherto there has bee no such
blication, and the trade has felt keenly the need
a journal devoted exclusively to their interests.
O provide this much needed medium is the mission  of the  British  Columbia  Lumberman."    D.
Todd Lees is the business manager.—The Victoria
The first number of the B. C. Lumberman
has been issued from the office in this city. The
publication has been established to meet the lone
felt want of a journal in behalf of those engaged in the lumbering industry in British Columbia. While great prosperity has attended this
industry during the past two years, and though
timber is one of the great resources of the Province, the cutting and development of which gives
employment to a large number of men and tne
investment of considerable capital, no lumberman's paper has been issued in the Province. The
new journal is a monthly of 24 pages, and deals
thoroughly with all phases of the industry. Its
quality of news is mainly relating to the Province,
and the number of advertisements gives promise
of substantial support.—News-Advertiser.
The initial number of the British Columbia
Lumberman, published in Vancouver, B. C, is out,
and it is a production of which the publishers
have every reason to feel proud. It is the first
trade journal ever published in Western Canada
devoted to the lumber industry. It is a journal of
24 pages with a cover, is beautifully printed from
the presses of Evans & Hastings, and full of live
lumber news, not only from all British Columbia points, but covering the whole of Western
Canada and Puget Sound. It also deals in a
general way with the lumber trade in other parts
of the world where British Columbia mill owners do business, such as South Africa, Oreat Britain and Australia.
There is one excellent feature about the Lumberman, and that is that it gives the trade news
in concentrated form and properly classified.    A
busy reader does not need to wade through columns of burdensome statistics to get wtiat he
wants. The information is there, terse and readable. In editorial the Lumberman appears to lie
riding no hobbies. It deals with matters of vital
interest to the trade and keeps right to that. As
the Lumberman is not encroaching upon anyone
else's territory, and the advertising patronage
looms up well in the first number, there is no
doubt that it is being well received by both
the trade and others interested. It starts with
a guaranteed circulation of two thousand, which
should be enough to cover the field and give the
advertisers a show for their money.—Vancouver
Daily World.
As the introductory article of the Lumberman
says, there has been no such publication hitherto
and the lumber interests have, perhaps, as the
article asserts, been somewhat, handicapped in
placing their views, or having them placed,
before the public, or that portion of it Interested
in lumber. The fact is the daily press may be
perfectly friendly to the lumber industry, bit
every daily paper is, striving for "stories." and
the lumber field is exploited along with the whole
range of public and semi-public interests. In
nearly every instance when the daily press takes
hold of the lumber industry, the result has been
that the lumbermen would have been better satisfied  had  it been  left  alone.
That the lumbermen and all those interested
in one way or another in the leading industry of
the Province, are willing to support such a publication is seen from the advertising patronage
extended to the first issue. The articles written
for the B. C. Lumberman are apt and readable,
and a great deal of general information useful
to the trade is supplied. An article giving a brief
review of the new Land Act and comparison of
it with the old regulation regarding timber licenses and dues on timber is well worth careful
The journal should do good work for British
Columbia in that it is to be circulated throughout
Eastern Canada, Manitoba and the Northwest
Territories, with every person interested in the
lumber trade. A feature of interest promised,
is a department providing regular reports of the
condition of the lumber trade in other parts of
Canada, special correspondents having been secured at the leading centers.—Vancouver Daily
The British Columbia Lumberman, the first
number of which has just been issued, is the lat
est addition to the press of the province. It is a
monthly publication, ami is under the manage
ment of Mr. D. Todd Lees. The first issue is
replete with information at once Interesting to
the public and valuable to the trade, ami g:ive-
assuranco of a successful and useful future for
the new enterprise. The extent and growing in
fiuence of the lumber interests in this province
justify the existence of such a journal and that
the Lumberman will (ill, and ably fill, the rr
quirements, there can be no question.--The Province.
This is the introduction given to itself bj
the British Columbia Lumberman, the first num
ber of which has been issued at Vancouver with
Mr. D. Todd Lees as manager. It is a well writ
ten and interesting publication; and if as we an
told, the trade has felt keenly the need of a jour
nal devoted to its interests, the Lumberman
ought to be cordially welcomed and appreciated
—Daily Columbian.
The tremendous importance which the lu
industry is assuming in British Columbia is
realized by the publishers of the B, C. Lui
man. a new Vancouver publication, Which
menced this month what, we are convinced
be a long and useful career. Our new C01
porary is got up in style worthy of the maun
of the subject it deals with, ami its proprl
are to be heartily congratulated upon their
timely and excellent publication, B. C. XT
n her
i ml''
Number 1 of Volume 1, of the British Columbia
Lumberman has been received at this office. The
publishers believe there was room and need of
a lumber journal to represent the manufacturing
and retailing trade of that section, and a creditable production is the result of the crystallization
of the thought.—Mississippi Lumberman.
The first number of the British Columbia Lumberman, a twenty four page monthly trade mag*
zinc, published at Vancouver, has made Its •#
pearance. It is carefully edited, typographical^
attractive, and should be liberally supported W
all engaged in the lumber industry.—The "Sflft
The lumber and milling: men of British
Columbia have for a long time felt in
need of a Machinery Depot here in their
midst, and we now have in stock, ready
for immediate shipment, the largest
assortment of WOOD-WORKING MACHINERY ever
exhibited in the Province	
Jl8 x 16-in. Heaou Planer and Matcher
B5 x 16'in' Heaoy Planer and Matcher
'*    |fe4 x 8-in. Planer and Matcher
fgB4 x 6-in. Single Surfacer
|$3 x 6-in. Triple Column Outside Moulder
§$2 x 6-in. Four-sie Moulder
Wl x 5-in.
12-in. Buzz Planer and Jointer
16-in.   " "       "       "
20-in.   " "        "       "
2 in. Spindle-Shaping Machine
Swing Cut-Off Sates, in all sizes
Combination oarietg Rip and Cross-Cut Satos
Variety Sato Tables
Bracket Band Saves
Wood-Turning Lathes, in all Sizes
Lathe Bolters,   Lathe Mills
Power Peed Gang Ripping Machines
Rip Satos,   Power Mortisers
Panel Raisers
Combination Saw and Dado Machines
Automatic Knife Grinders
Tenoning Machines
Special attention given to inquiries by Mail and complete specifications for SAW MILL OUTFITS, Etc., forwarded promptly	
■ ■
/Office and Store, 153 Hastings St.   VANCOUVER, B. C.   Machinery Warehouse, Powell St.
PRICES—We quote you Cordage, subject to change without
notice, at the following basis prices f. o, b. factory:
Pure Manilla 13^C Tarred Am. Hemp Terms—Sixty days ; cash discount, 2 per cent.
Standard Manilla 12^c Marline, Ratline IIXc invoice discounts.
See New Catalogue, Folio 8. See New Catalogue, Folio 27. 2000-lb. invoices 2 per cent
5000-lb. invoices 3 per Gent
Sisal   10J^C Lath Yarn- double Or Single 9l/20 icooo-lb. invoices 5 per cent
See New Catalogue, Folio 20. See New Catalogue, Folio 23. Car Loads, Special.
Wood, Vallance & Leggat, Ltd.
sole agents for   Ryland Brothers' World-Famous Wire Rope
<r*®^s*^^    R. H, Smith's 'Simmond's Pat. Shingle Saws'
Mail Orders a Specialty
Prices Right
Send us a Trial Ord
The Wm. Hamilton Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
Saw Mill, Dredging & Mining Machinery, Engines, Boilers, Water Wheels, fa
M. BEATTY & SONS, Hoisting Machinery
THE GOLDIE & McCULLOCH COS Wood-Working Machinery
UNION MALLEABLE IRON CO., Heald's Riveted Chain
R. HOE & CO., Inserted Tooth Saws
MacKinnon Building       ...VANCOUVER, B. C,
fox Saw Works
We Make the
Best Shingles
and lots f^l
of Them
Every description of Circular Saws Made to Order
False Creek,
Near Beattie
I Vancouver, B. C.
P. O. BOX 302.
PHONE 1157.
■ Vol. I.]
►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦ -   - -      — — — X
IJ. L fox Saw
Plate Class,
Window Glass,
♦    ♦
| \
♦ x
Fancy Glass, Ribbed Glass,
Rolled Plate Glass,   Prismatic Class.
Chipped, Sand Cut and Embossed Work.
Art Windows: Leaded & Metallic Clazed.
||   615 Pender St., Vancouver, B. C.   |
♦ ♦ ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Why buy Scrap Tin when you can Set.
Mclennan, mcfeely & co„ i* u,
Headquarters for Logging Camp and Mill Supplies, Guns, Ammunition and Sporting Goods
Telephone Exchange 44 25 to 44 Pender Street, VANCOUVER, B. C,
California Saw Workspacjfic coast Agents
[3  I
1       I
. *
.Vat ,5,
The lumber and milling: men of Britt
Columbia have for a long time felt
need of a Machinery Depot here in the
midst, and we now have in stock, reao
for immediate  shipment,  the  large
assortment of WOOD-WORKING MACHINERY eve
exhibited in the Province	
18 x 16-in. Hcaotj Planer and Matcher
15 x 16-in. Heacu Planer and Matcher
24 x 8-in. Planer and Matcher
24 x 6-in. Single SurPacer
13 x 6-in. Triple Column Outside Moulder
12 x 6-in. Four-sie Moulder
9 x 6-in.
7 x 5-in.
12-in. Buzz Planer and Jointer
16-in.   "  '
20-in.   " 	
2-in. Spindle-Shaping Machine
Sioing Cut-Off Saws, in all sizes
Combination cariettj Rip and Cross-Cut Saws
Variety Saw Tables
Bracket Band Saws
Wood-Turning Lathes, in all Sizes
Lathe Bolters,   Lathe Mills
Power Feed Gang Hipping Machines
Rip Sates,   Poiccr Mortisers
Panel Raisers
Combination Saic and Dado Machines
Automatic Knife Grinders
Tenoning Machines
Special attention given to inquiries by Mail and complete specifications for SAW MILL OUTFITS, Etc., forwarded promptly    .   .   .   .   .
Office and Store, 153 Hastings St,   VANCOUVER, B. C.   Machinery Warehouse, Powell St,
Canadian Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in All Kinds of
The largest Shed and Dry Kiln Capacity of any Mill In British Columbia.
special Attention Given to orders Address the Company at Port Moody, or
iron, Manitoba and the Territories BYRNES 6 CUDDY, Selling Agents, tVINNIPIG
.       L


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