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British Columbia Lumberman Aug 30, 1904

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 British Columbia lumberman
PUBLISHED  EVERY   MONTH
D.   TODD LEES Easiness Manager
Office, Room 2, Pender Block, Granville Street, Vancouver, B. C
Telephone 1196 P.O. Drawer928
Tkk.ms ov Subscription (Payam.k in Advance)
One year, Canada or tin- United States $1 00
One year, Foreign Countries    1 50
Advertising Ratks on Application
Correspondence bearing upon an> phase of the lumber industry
will be gratefully acknowledged, and discussion upon trade subjects
« invited.
To our Advertisers,   The British Columbia Lumberman
has a guaranteed circulation of 2.(HH) copies. It will be found in
every mill, lumber manufactory, logging camp, etc., in the Province
and Puget Sound, besides all dealers in lumber in the Northwest and
Canada generally. To lumber manufacturers, lumber dealers and
machinery makers no better medium has ever been offered in the
West.
CUT" 1'ersons corresponding with advertisers in the Vritish
Columbia Lumberman will confei a favoi by giving the journal
ciedit fot such coctespondence.
VANCOUVER, B. C, AUGUST,  1904.
PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.
The Business Office of the "British Columbia
Lumberman" will be moved on September ist
from its present location to more suitable and
convenient premises on the ground floor of the
McKinnon Building, Granville street, Vancouver,
B. C, where we shall be pleased ait all times to
meet lumberman and their friends.
A DUTY TO THE PEOPLE.
Though attention has been drawn from time to
time by the press of the country to the disastrous
effects upon property by forest fires, no action
seems 'to have either been devised or considered
necessary by the Government. The continued dry
weather throughout the Province has had the dire
effect of seriously increasing the danger from the
spread of tires when those break out, and but for
the placing of an extra number of "Hush Fire
Notices," we know of nothing else which has been
done to prevent or avert such fires.
Considerable space has previously been occupied in these columns on the subject of forest
fires, but the condition of affairs today compels
us again to revert to the subject. l>t is a well
known fact that in not one case in a hundred is a
bush tire attributable to "spontaneous combustion''
or other accident of nature, the cause then lays
in the hands of the people. This being the case
it is absolutely imperative for the safeguarding of
life and property that the most stringent means
be adopted by legislature enactment whereby that
cause shall be removed.
from a glance of the records of the last two
months it will be found that the Kootenay section
of the Province had had a greater prevalence of
tires, and these have covered over a wider area
than in the coast section. The inference would
naturally be that prospectors and campers are individually responsible. Again it has been suggested that the railroad companies have had not
a little to do with the starting of these fires
from a laxity in the use of spark arrestors on
their engines, and there seems little doubt but
this has been a most prolific source of fires in
both east and west Kootenay. If the latter should
be found to be the case the law provides that any
person or company is at liberty ito recover
damages for loss sustained thereby, besides the
transgressor having to pay a penalty for failing
to comply with the aforesaid "Bush Fire Act."
In the event of bush fires being started by prospectors or others, our attention has been called to
the fact that constables and rangers are decidedly
lax in their duties in following up those who
might be primarly responsible, being inclined in
mining    districts to "favor" the prospector.    An
instance in point is mentioned in an interior newspaper, when a constable was sent to enquire into
the cause of a bush fire, and reported on his return that it "was not doing any damage worth
mentioning." As a matter of fact, that same fire
completely devasted an area nearly six miles
square, consuming much valuable timber.
The Nelson News says, anent this: "No one
apparently is officially interested enough to
stop the present fires or prevent fresh ones smarting up and it is clear that a district fire warden,
whose sole duty would be to look after forest
fires, is badly wanted in this section."
From the foregoing it can easily be surmised
that in a mining section the safeguarding of property—public or private—from fire is not in the
proper hands when left to provincial constables
or any others directly concerned in the mineral
development of the country; there is bound to be
a laxity in tracing up the "offenders" when these
are supposed to be miners.
We have no wish to appear as being unjustly
hard on the mining men of the province, we know
their worth to the country only too well, but what
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THE SPACE RESERVED
FOR     '
THE A. J. BURTON SAW CO.
LIMITED
VANCOUVER,   B.   C.
j Manufacturers of Circular, Band and Gang Saws
DEALERS IN   FILE  ROOM SUPPLIES.
OUR FACTORY WILL COMMENCE THE MANUFACTURE OF SAWS AT AN EARLY DATE
BRITI8H   COLUMBIA  AGENTS  FOR
R.  HOE 8c Co.,  New York
MANUFACTURERS OF THE CELEBRATED HOE INSERTED TOOTH SAWS
WE HAVE IN STOCK AND ON ORDER A COMPLETE LINE OF BITS AND SHANKS
Special Attention to Repairs.   All Work Guaranteed.   Orders Executed Promptly. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
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flllis-Chalmers Company
The
 SUCCESSOR   TO	
Edward P. Allis Co.,        Fraser & Chalmers Co.,        Gates Iron Works,        Dickson Mfg. Co.,
MILWAUKEE, WIS. CHICAGO, ILL. CHICAGO, ILL SCRANTON, PA.
WE ARE THE LARGEST BUILDERS OF MODERN HEAVY PACIFIC COAST
SAW  MILL MACHINERY.
PLANS AND ESTIMATES MADE FOR UP-TO-DATE PLANTS.     We give you the benefit of forty years of our experience.
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Canadian Office and Works, ALLIS-CHALMERS-BULLOCK, Ltd., MONTREAL
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MERSMON
RE-SAWS
BRANCH OFFICES
NEW YORK, Empire Building
BOSTON, Board of Trade Building
PITTSBURG, Frick Building
MINNEAPOLIS, Corn Exchange Bldg.
DENVER, 1649 Tremont St
SALT LAKE CITY, 209 S.W. Temple
SPOKANE, Washington
GENERAL OFFICE
CHICA00, ILL, U. S. A
LONDON, EN6.. 533 Salisbury House.      JOHANNESBURG, South Africa.
BRANCH OFFICES
SAN FRANCISCO, Hayward Bldg.
SEATTLE, Lumber Exchange Bldg.
CHARLOTTE, N. C, Trust Bldg.
NEW ORLEANS, Hennen Bldg.
ATLANTA, GA., Equitable Bldg.
BUTTE, MONT., 51 E. Broadway BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
has to be and must he eradicted is the carelessness
which undoubtedly exists with ton many men
whose duties call them into the mountains. The
worth of ithe timber resources of the country today is no small factor in the province's commercial standing, and it is as equally deserving of
protection by law from "criminal negligence" as
any public or private interest within the jurisdiction of the legislature.
If such is the condition of affairs, and it can be
shown that the unwillingness to prosecute exists
under the regulations of the "Bush Fire Act" by
the officers therein detailed, and wc are even informed that Justices of the Peace are averse to
have cases of this kind brought before them—
there is nothing in it for them—and that they
would rather free a "suspect" than convict him,
it is the duty of the Legislature to nominate a
separate and special staff of officers, for the sole
purpose of carrying out the provisions of the said
act and who will do so.
There should be a Provincial Fire Warden appointed for the Province, paid by the department
—at a salary made worth his while in accepting
the position—who shall be authorized by law to
hold investigations and secure convictions, and
who shall be furnished with deputies representing
every fire district of the Province during the
season when such are required, and whose sole
duty shall be that of enforcing the provisions of
the Bush Fire Act. He must be a man of strong
personality, free from prejudice one way or
another, and must be allowed a free hand in the
discharge of his duties. His office might be a
sinecure some years, but in a season like the present he could have saved his salary to the Province for many years.to come in avoiding much
of the enormous damage which has already been
done.
It has been clearly demonstrated .this season
that the Bush Fire Act as it presently stands is of
no force or effect, and though the Act in itself is
fairly sound, until its provisions can be enforced
it is worse than none at all. The first duty of the
Government then is to see to its enforcement,
and for that to be done a responsible staff of officers musit be appointed who will see that the provisions are carried out in every detail. There
need not be a large staff of these, but a few who
were energetic would answer the purpose. They
would be able to secure convictions as their whole
time for a period would be given up to the task,
and after there were a few wholesome sentences
administered to the careless or the criminal, the
number of forest fires would soon materially decrease.
STRONG COMBINATION NEEDED.
The information contained in despatches some
weeks ago, and now continued by our correspondents, relative to interviews between Ontario lumbermen and Ministers of the Dominion Cabinet
anent a duty on American imported lumber, will
be hailed with delight by lumbermen of this Province. It is however to be regretted that our
friends in Ontario had not made up their minds on
this important matter some months ago, when by
combined effort some material results might have
been accomplished. It seems more than likely
that the decision of our eastern friends is brought
out from the facts and figures contained in Government reports recently issued showing the relation of exports and imports, which shows that
a value of more than one-half was imported over
that exported; moreover, upon this nine-tenths of
the quantity imported was free of duty, whereas
all of that exported was dutiable by the United
States.
Now that we know the desires of the eastern
lumbermen it behooves those of this Province to
enter into negotiations whereby by a combination
of forces something more than indefinite promises
may be secured when next Parliament meets.
Appropos to the competition of American lumber we are informed that our worst rivals in the
Northwest and Manitoba markets are not the large
mills of the Sound to which so much has been attributed, but to irresponsible mill owners who
own mayhap small portable mills which they
move about from place to place assisting to clear
up settlers' claims in Eastern Washington, Idaho
and Montana, who have nothing at stake, while all
they cut is profit to them, paying, as they do, practically nothing for their logs; furthermore, they
receive every assistance from the railroads and
the benefit of a much lower freight rate than the
coast mills. If such is the case the imposition of
an import duty is much more necessary to assist
the legitimate enterprise of invested capital.
SOUVENIR ISSUES.
The Vernon News, of Vernon, B. C, recently
issued a handsomely printed and illustrated
special edition setting forth the capabilities of the
"Eden" of British Columbia. This contains much
valuable information relative to the noted Okanagan and Spallumcheen valleys, and we can strongly recommend this special edition to anyone looking for information concerning that part of the
Province.
The Inland Sentinel of Kamloops, B. C, has
likewise got out a souvenir edition, edited by Mr.
Percy F. Godenrath, descriptive of "British Columbia's Inland Empire," and entitled "Where Fortune Smiles." It gives an interesting, chronio-
logical history of Kamloops, dating back to 1813,
when the Hudson's Bay established Fort Kamloops, and sets forth the natural wealth of Kamloops and the adjacent country.
A POPULAR REPRESENTATIVE.
Mr. A. Ben Marshall, the popular representative
of Messrs. R. Hoe & Co., of New York, spent a
week in the city this month. Since Mr. Marshall's
visit here in March last he has been home to New
York, and, on returning, spent five weeks at St.
Louis, superintending the company's display of
printing machinery, saws, etc., at that city, occupying space No. 20 in the Liberal Arts building.
He travelled west through the Yellowstone Park,
visiting Helena and Spokane, Seattle, Tacoma and
Portland. Mr. Marshall informs us that for the
next few months he will make Portland his headquarters, and will visit all the cities of importance
from San Francisco north on the Pacific Coast,
at short intervals.
The enormous business done by the firm in the
West has necessitated the placing of a travelling
representative on the coast, and with his long
experience with the firm—extending over nearly
twenty years—no more capable or popular representative could have been chosen for the work
than Mr. A. Ben Marshall.
TIMBER LICENSES ISSUED.
For the month of July there were 90 timber
licenses issued, 23 of these being new licenses,
and 67 renewals. These are thus apportioned to
the several districts:
West Kootenay District      35
East   Kootenay   District        10
Southeast Kootenay District      16
Kootenay District        2
New Westminster District       8
Coast  District        15
Sayward   District       2
Thornborough Channel        I
West Coast District        1
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From our Special Correspondents.
A:NEW DISTRICT
Lumber Conditions and Prospects on the Alberni
Canal, West Coast of Vancouver Island—
An Important Sale by the Toronto
and British Columbia Lumber
Co.—News Notes.
Alberni, I!. C, August 10.—Despite the unsatisfactory conditions of the lumber trade throughout
the Province generally, this section,, from recent
activity, shows a sign of coming into prominence
as a shipping point. Though from its geographical position on the west coast of Vancouver Island it would hardly be thought Alberni
could possibly enter into competition for the
Northwest and Manitoba trade, but nevertheless
some big shipments have been made from here
to these markets. A large shipment of exceptionally high grade lumber was shipped by Clark &
Lee on the last sailing of the Queen City, for Winnipeg, via Victoria.
At the present moment there is very considerable activity shown in securing timber in this
section, and among timber buyers it is recognized
that some of the finest timber limits in the Province are to be found in close proximity to the
Alberni canal.
The survey of the limits purchased from the
E. & N. Railway Company is about complete,
and as this property will now be taxable, it is
expected that something in the shape of manufacturing will commence soon. The large limits so
long held by the Toronto & British Columbia
Company have lately been purchased, and the
new owners have thoroughly looked over their
acquisition and pronounced it "good."
Rumors are very persistent re the early erection of a large export mill, and judging from the
class of timber and the cheap manner in which
it can be placed alongside the mill, it should be
a paying venture from the start.
The large quantities of second-class lumber
which will be required by the mines now working
or about to start should be a factor to encourage
embarking in  lumber manufacturing.
Large cedar limits have lately been secured
around Kennedy Lake and near ClayOquot, which
are to be manufactured somewhere near the last
named place, and it looks as though the west
coast of the Island, so long neglected, would soon
become an important lumbering centre.
MARKED IMPROVEMENTS
Victoria    Lumbermen    Enjoying    Prosperity.—
Local and Rail Trade Ahead of 1903.—
Investment of American Capital.
Victoria, Aug. 18.—Present activity in building and a prospect of an increased demand for
all classes of lumber inspire a feeling of satis-
tion and hopefulness in the breasts of the lumbermen of Victoria. The recent fire, in which
thirty-five or forty dwellings and other buildings
were destroyed, has caused a brisk demand for
material with which to rebuild, and in most cases
the new structures will be larger and more modern
in style. Other undertakings which must stimulate the lumber business are: The foundation
work on the C. P. R. hotel, the C. P. R. dock, the
enlargement of the premises of the Victoria
Machinery Depot, additions to Muirhead &
Mann's wharves, besides many less important
works which will add materially to the total of
the year's output of local mills. Another incentive to the building trade is the recent reduction
of 10 per cent, in the price of rough lumber,
which    is   encouraging   investors    to   build this BRITISH  COLUMBIA  LUMBERMAN
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autumn instead of putting off till next spring.
The conditions existing in the lumber trade as
the active season is nearing its close, fully justify
the optimistic forecast which appeared in tins
column in the first number of the "British Col
umbia Lumberman," for Victoria has seldom in
her history witnessed a more prosperous year.
The local demand has been considerably above
the average, the prices have been good, and outside orders have increased materially; in tact.
1004 may be said to be the birth-year of the export
trade of Victoria to the Territories, Manitoba and
the further eastern provinces, The establishment
of this trade will mean much to the mills of Vancouver Island in the future and that it is now
firmly established is attested by the letters received from eastern firms expressing satisfaction
and arranging for future deliveries.
Vancouver Island spruce, from all indications,
continues to grow in favor in the East, as orders
continue to come in steadily, and many enquiries
are received by local dealers, asking for prices
[and the prospects for future supply, evincing the
fact   that   the   easterners   want   as   much   of   our
nice as they can get. It is beginning to be
liown that there are large areas of excellent
Iruce   in   Rupert   and   Sayward     Districts,   and
lited States and  Eastern  Canadian lumbermen
directing their efforts in securing those valu-
limits.
THE PRAIRIE CAPITAL
yj. C.  Lumber & Logging Co. to Build.
lis  announced   at   Nanaimo   that   the   United
capitalists  wdio   secured   extensive   timber
in the neighborhood about a year ago are
pplating the building of a large mill in or
lat  city.    They  are said  to be negotiating
purchase  of  the  plant  of  the  Gowichan
Company, which has been idle for some
§that company prefering to exploit its logs
shington    to    manufacture   them   on   the
with a view to removing it to Nanaimo,
>e remembered that the promoters of this
lustry   expressed     their   indignation   and
led  to leave  the country  when  they rea-
it the export tax on logs would prevent
Hading their limits to supply logs to the
Washington.    It  is  therefore  gratifying
that they have experienced a change of
id are preparing to accept the very favor-
lditions upon  which the  Provincial  Gov-
It grants timber licences, based on the prin-
k that the public domain must not be exploited
at the expense of its rightful owners.
Business  Notes.
Armstrong & Morrison are busy driving piles
and collecting material for the new C. P. R.
docks.
Lemon & Gonnason made a test of their new-
plant last week, and although the machinery, on
the whole, worked satisfactorily, a few minor
changes were deemed necessary before regular
work is begun. The alterations will be completed
in a few days, and then the wheels will go round
continuously.
The C. P. R, has had a gang of men at work
for the past ten days. making tests of the
material of James Bay fiats. Test pits have been
sunk and piles driven at different p"ints of the
hotel site so that the successful tenderer will
know exactly the nature of the ground in which
he will have to work.
Ravages of Fire.
Forest fires have been playing havoc lately with
the standing timber in many parts of Vancouver
Island. While summer campers, anglers and
prospectors are accused of causing these fires by
their criminal negligence in failing to extinguish
their tires when they move or abandon camp,
there are natural causes to which many of them
may be attributed. In Eastern Canada and in this
Province east of the Coast Range, lightning very
often sets tire to the woods and prairies, and
much destruction is caused by innocent dewdrops
which focus the rays of the sun on the dry. tinder-
like leaves, moss or grass—to the latter natural
phenomenon is due probably a majority of the
fires which are of annual occurrence on Vancouver Island and the Coast Districts of the Mainland, for many of them originate in places far
from the trails of white men and Indians.
Building   Activity   at  Winnipeg.—The   Dominion
Fair a Good Advertisement for the Pacific
Province.—New Mills Commence
Operations.
Winnipeg, Aug. 17.-The lumber situation in the
city continues encouraging, the demand being
much above the ordinary. The issue of building
permits is unusually large, and there is a likelihood that this state of affairs will continue till
the winter weather puts a damper on the building
operations. One of the most recent permits taken
out is that of the T. Eaton Co., of Toronto, which
is now engaged on the construction of a mammoth departmental store on Portage avenue, on
the same lines as its place in Toronto.
Dominion Fair Helped Some.
The Dominion Fair, which closed here recently,
was the means through which a number of the
retail firms here did considerable business, having
obtained some fat orders for the rougher grades
of lumber used in the construction of cattle sheds
and the erection of the immense collonade which
fronted the industrial buildings and the stock
sheds. In referring to the Fair it may be said
that the Dominion Forestry exhibit was one of
the most interesting on the grounds, displaying
as it did the various kinds of lumber, wood and
other forest products peculiar to Canada. Tin-
British Columbia samples were the objects of
much curiosity, and the samples of the trees
grown in the Pacific Province were exceedingly-
creditable specimens. The display of British Columbia fruit was a feature of the exhibition, and
samples of it were handed around each day to
the visitors to the building.
Western Business Increases.
A prominent lumberman of the city in speaking
to the representative of "The Lumberman" this
week, said that the firm's sales for this season
so far. had almost doubled those of former
seasons, and that notwithstanding the American
competition the local lumbermen were holding
their own in retaining the trade of the Middle
West. He said, however, that at the close of the
present season it would be shown that the
American firms with connections in Canada had
made immense inroads on the Canadian trade,
which was not felt at the present on account of
the rapid development in Manitoba, and especially Winnipeg. With a season of depression the
outside competition would come very hard on the
Canadian firms who are trying to compete
against the Americans.
Long Piece of Timber.
The longest piece of timber which has ever
been brought to Winnipeg arrived here last week
from the Pacific Coast. It was of British Columbia fir, twelve inches square at the base and seven
inches at the top. It measured 87 feet in length,
and is to be used as a flagpole on top of the new-
Union Bank building. When set in place the top
of the pole will be 226 feet front the ground, the
building being eleven stories high. The piece of
timber was brought from the coast by the Sprague
Lumber Company, of this city. It was transported on two freight cars.
Sprague's Mill in Operation.
The Sprague Lumber Company's mill on
Higgins avenue, is now running full swing, with
a daily output of about 85.000 feet, which will be
increased to almost 100.000 feet when the facilities for getting the logs up to the saws have been
improved. The firm has still several drives
coming down the Red River, the last of which
will not reach the city till about six weeks later.
Government Action re Duty.
It has been rumored of late that the Government proposed moving in the direction of imposing an import duty on American lumber coming
into Canada, and that Hon. Clifford Sifton,
Minister  of  the   Interior,   was   to  be   the   prime
figure in the action. Enquiry here, however, failed
to corroborate the statement that action had been
commenced. Isaac Cockburn, Secretary of tin
Retail Dealers' Association, stated to the representative of "The Lumberman" that In* had heard
nothing of it, and that as the Dominion Govern
ment session at Ottawa had closed, he did not
think it probable that anything would be done
It could, however, be accomplished by an order
in-COUncil. Mr. Sifton was last week a visitor to
Fort Frances, in the New Ontario district, where
he, with a party of lumbermen, looked over the
power sites. In the party was Fred. Jones, of
Golden, B, C.| who was much interested in tin
timber resources around the Rainy River district,
which, he thought, would be an ideal place for
manufacturers. J. A. Mathieu, Manager, and Mr.
Parker, Treasurer, of the Rainy River Lumber
Company, showed the visitors through the firm'-
big mill at that place.
Starts Selkirk Mill.
Captain   William   Robinson,   of   Selkirk,   Math
toba,  last   week   started  up  his  saw   mill   at  that
place,   and   will   continue     cutting     through   the
season.     The   null   has   been   improved   and   the
output considerably increased.
Endured Hardships in Wilds.
James Macdougall, a well-known lumberman of
Fort William. Ontario, is back from a trip to the
northern boundary of the Province, where he went
early in the summer on an expedition to range
extensive timber limits in that region. These
limits are located on Cat Lake and Lake St
Joseph. He and his party of Indians met with
serious misfortune after reaching the wilds where
they were to commence explorations. While they
were all absent from the camp a forest fire swept
over it, destroying all the provisions, clothing
and supplies. The party experienced considerable
hardship before  reaching civilization.
ONTARIO MARKETS
Conditions Gradually  Showing  Stronger    Tendency—An   Important    Meeting—Exports
and Imports—Eastern Lumbermen
Now Anxious for a Duty on
Lumber.
Toronto, August 8.—The lumber market was
somewhat unsettled about the middle of July with
a downward tendency, some sales being made at
a considerable reduction from former prices.
Since that time it has recovered its tone and,
prices, as a rule, are being well maintained especially in the medium and coarser grades of white
pine, the higher qualities being hardly so strong.
There have been some consignments of yellow
pine from the Southern States dumped on the
market, which was to some extent the cause of
the break. The encouraging crop reports and the
increasing demand for building purposes, coupled
with the assurance that so soon as the American
presidential contest i> over, there will be a renewal of activity in business across the line, tend
to keep price- firm. The local demand is steady,
as the prospect at the outset o\ the season that
the building operations of Toronto would surpass
those of any previous year is being realized. As
a rule however, dealers have been conservative in
buying, carrying but little stock under the im
presskxn thai they could lose nothing and might
gain considerably by holding off in view of a
possible drop in prices. This anticipation seems
hardly likely to be realized as present indications
are that rates will continue firm, with possibly
some increase if the American demand should
reach its normal extent.
To Regulate the Output.
An important meeting of Ontario lumbermen
was held at Sudbury, on the 25th July, to consider
the next season's output ami regulate wages
About thirty leading firms were represented, the
chair being taken by V. Cochrane of Sudbury. A
number of the operators present stated that they
intended   to   reduce    their    output    considerably. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
ALEXANDER MACLAREN, President
BUCKINGHAM, QUE.
...THE
North Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd
BARNET,   B.   C.
MANUFACTURERS OF KILN-DRIED
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jp&tofa Fir» Spruce anc/
LUMBER
MOULDINGS,   LATH,   SHINGLES,  ETC.
Mills on Burrard Inlet and Canadian Pacific Railway
my n">ii*~^_>ri^^
#H?*4'*4>*?l?*i^*<j?<i*<^H?<j?^**<j,ij?'4'H?*^
HUGH MCDONALD, President
L. A. LEWIS, General Manager
Brunette Sow Mill Co., Ltd.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
(P. O. Address, SAPPERTON, B. C.)
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Lumber, Shingles, Boxes, Mouldings §
SPECIAL ATTENTION TO CAR TRADE
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<£ You need not go elsewhere; we supply all kinds of British Columbia Lumber 4
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<$* It pays to order Lumber, Shingles, Mouldings, Laths, Doors, Etc., in +f
4* mixed carloads, as you can then keep less on hand, and ordering *$
j^ in this way you get quicker shipment      *£
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* Saw Mill, Planing Mill, Shingle Mill and Box Factory on G.P.R. and Fraser River, at Sapperton *
H 4*4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4*4*4*4* 4* 4* 4*4* 4* 4* 4*^ 6
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
[II
Ii.
t
Dwight Turner, of the Turner Lumber Co., said
that they would cut 15,000,000 less than last
season. P. Wallace, of the Georgian Bay Lumber Co., stated that they would have at least one
camp less at work. George Gray, on behalf of
tlje Spanish River Pulp & Paper Co., intimated
that his company would only cut about half as
much pulpwood as last season. Several others
spoke to similar effect, the main reason advanced
being the high rate of wages and other increased
expenses. After a protracted discussion as to the
scale of wages to be paid it was resolved on
motion of Mr. Wallace that the meeting agree to
;v scale of from $16 to $-'8 per month as a
maximum. A further resolution was carried to
the effect that in all possible cases the maximum
wages be kept down to $20 per month. A form
of agreement with men engaging for the work
was adopted and the meeting pledged themselves
not to pay a larger commission than $1 for hiring
nen.
The  C.   Beck   Lumber  Co.,  of   Penetang,  is al-
tady commencing operations having put 75 men
$ work in the bush at  Watiuapitae    at    the    reed scale of wages.    They are paying teamsters
per month, wood-cutters $22 to $24 and  axe-
and  general hands $_'().    The  Algoma  Com-
ial Co. is advertising for  1,000 men  for   the
er camps in connection with the reorganized
Ste.   Marie   industries  offering   from  $_'_'   to
month.    These indications  together  with
ady influx oi immigration point   to   a   rein  the  unusually   high    wages   paid   last
Trade Returns.
e returns continue to show a falling off
iber shipments combined   with   an   in-
•the   importations    from    the    United
I report of the Department of Trade
Tee for May shows that the shipments
ctured   wood   for   that   month   have
$2,082,217 in  1903   to   $1,953,613   this
§ts    to    Britain  which  amounted  to
May,  1903,  were only $645,783   and
to fhe United States have decreased
!*,oio to $1,090,120.   Taking the item of
boards alone the exportation   to   the
Sites   shows   a   decrease of 50 per cent.
KK>3, they were our customers for planks
is to the extent of $1,004,749, last May-
took $523,091 worth.    The total export-
afions of unmanufactured wood for the period of
eleven months ended May 31st last amounted to
$27,665,646, as compared with $30,955,311   for the
corresponding  period   of   1903.       Meanwhile  imports of lumber, &c, from the United States show
a steady increase.      "Lumber and, timber planks,
boards, &c," came in during May last free of duty
to the extent of $520,488 as against $503,778.   The
imports from the United States of the same items,
on the free list for the period of eleven months
ended May 31st amounted to $5,035,518 as compared with $3,369,393 for the corresponding period
of the previous year.
Seek a Tariff on Lumber.
These conditions point to a strong movement
on the part of all interested in the lumber industry in the direction of securing for it the same
measure of protection against unfair competition
from abroad as is enioyed by many other
branches of activity, which art' not nearly of the
same vital importance to the general prosperity.
During the presence of Sir William Mulock and
lion. W. S. Fielding in Toronto last month some
strong representations were made to them on behalf of the Lumbermen's Association of Ontario
as to the need of placing upon American lumber
entering Canada the same rate of duty imposed
by the United States government on the Canadian
article, viz.: $2 per 1.000. It is understood, that
Mr. Fielding's reply was such as to lead to the
anticipation that some relief would be granted
next year. With the shadow of an approaching
general election, he was. of course, bound to be
as gracious as possible and few will be disposed
to attach much importance, to such general expressions.- "Without arguing the general question
of protection—life is short and space limited—it
i.s hard to see why the lumber interest should be
discriminated against as it is at present. It is
heavily taxed in favor of protected industries
which do not contribute anything like as much to
the public revenue or the general prosperity. Its
expenses are enormously increased by the taxes
upon tools, machinery, and other requirements,
and when thus handicapped for the benefit oi
others it is refused any degree of protection for
its own producers as against foreign rivals, it is
altogether an anomalous situation, and the
trade should present a linn front to the government in demanding fair consideration and something more thru specious promi>es and postponements until an indefinite future.
Bush Fire Regulations Effective.
The summer has so far been remarkably free
from bush tires as far as Ontario is concerned.
The stringent measures taken by the Department
of Crown Lands in connection with the forest reserves in view of railroad construction, the influx
of settlement and the increase of travel by tourists
and sportsmen appear to have been effective. Two
tires which recently broke out were checked by
the tire rangers before any considerable damage
was done. Hitherto the advance of civilization,
especially in the form of railway building, has always implied the destruction of large areas of
coniferous forest, if such happened to be in the
neighborhood. The valuable pine areas around
Lake Temagami would certainly have suffered
greatly if the building of the Temiskaming Railway had not been surrounded by every precaution
to prevent such a calamity. The question of the
operation on a paying basis of this and other reserves is forcing itself upon public attention. So
far all that has been done is to lock up these
5,900 square miles of timber-growing country by
excluding settlement and take measures to minimize the danger from fire. They contain many
million feet of mature timber, liable to deteriorate
if not cut and marketed. But no determination
has yet been arrived at by the Provincial Government as to how or by whom these reserves are to
be worked. Hon. E. J. Davis, Commissioner of
Crown Lands is arranging for an official trip
through the reserves this month with a view to
arriving at some conclusion. Personally he is
a weak, irresolute man, with small capacity for
anything beyond parly politics and the dispensation of patronage, but he is fortunate in having a
very competent staff of officials, who do the work
of the Department efficiently for which he takes
the credit—such is the way of the world. The exploitation of the Ontario forest reserves is certain
to be a live issue before long and the quantity of
'first-class pine timber that will thus be placed on
the market is a factor that lumber operators
should hot lose sight of.
OTTAWA SITUATION
Lumber Shipments Show a Heavy Falling Off-
Depression of English Markets the Chief
Cause—A Meeting to Discuss the
Wage Question.
Ottawa, August 5!—Midsummer dulness has
fallen on the lumber trade of Eastern Canada with
a vengeance. Shipments from the Ottawa district
mills by rail and river are light, and the prospects
to say the least, are not bright. As far as prices
go there have been no changes, but a decline is
looked for. It may not come for some time, but
everything points to a decline within a year from
the high prices that have held for the past couple
of years. A person desirous of buying high grade-
stock would probably be disappointed if he held
hopes of getting a reduction in price, but 011 the
other hand a person desirous of selling stock
within a given time would probably have to shave
prices in order to dispose of and realize on his
saleable stock. On the other hand one manufacturer holds stock at an advance of $2 on last
year's figures..
contracts made last fall. Although the first of
this stock is now about ready to ship the English
dealers wdio hold" it are not showing any desire to
move it. As a matter of fact there is little or no
call in the English market at present for Canadian
stock, and the prospects are that the wind will
remain in this quarter for a long time to come.
Now as regards the American trade.    It is "off"
also  but  the outlook  is  considerably  better  than
is  that  across  seas.    Leading  manufacturers   re
pbrt  a  growing  American demand  for  Canadian
middle class stock.
Outlook for British Columbia Lumber.
There is no change in the Eastern situation as
far as British Columbia lumber and shingles are
concerned. The market is lifeless, but this is not
to be wondered at in view of the all round stagnation which holds in its grip the lumber industry
of Wisconsin, the Georgian Bay, Ottawa, Quebec
and New Brunswick.
However, one Eastern agent for British Columbia mills reported a small rift in the clouds so
that tilings may brighten ere long. Certainly they
should brighten towards the fall when an easier
movement of Eastern stock is looked for.
The demand for British Columbia shingles,
which was fair until about three weeks ago, has
again dropped off, but prices have suffered no
further decline. Dealers apparently are reluctant
to stock up, fearing that conditions may not improve, and that they may be compelled to carry
stock over.
The Agitation for Duty Grows.
In political circles nothing more is heard of the
agitation for the imposition ot a lumber duty, but
it is believed that something may be done next
season. A general election may or may not be
followed by a change in government, but the
agitation for a duty on lumber is certainly beginning to be seriously entertained by both
parties.
The English Market.
The English market continues depressed. As
usual most of the stock for this quarter' was
manufactured  at  the Ottawa  district  mills under
In the Georgian Bay.
Reports from    the Georgian Bay district are to
the effect that several purchases of high grade
stock for the Michigan market have lately been
made. However the trade is not a decent fraction
of what it was a year back. The depression in the
iron and steel market and the textile mill and
other strikes in the Eastern States have combined
to give a listless tone to the lumber trade. An
improvement in these conditions which it is
hoped will be brought about at no distant date,
should be followed by an infusion of new life to
the lumber trade. Prospects of good crops and
the settlement of the presidential puzzle should
also have a marked tendency in this direction.
However this optimistic feeling is confined to
the Ottawa milling district. Up in the Georgian
Bay mills which for the most part are controlled
by American capital, a bluer tinted goggle is in
fashion. The mills are nearly all running day
shift alone, whereas last year day ami night shifts
were both operated, and it was expected that the
same would be the case this summer. Scarcity'ot
labor is the reason given by some for this reduction in operations, but the true reason is the fear
of over stocking the market. The movement of
lumber is so slow that the Georgian Bay yards
have become blocked, and mill men have found it
advisable to curtail operations. Of course there
are mills that are exempt to this rule, but they are
running on yearly contracts and hence have no
care for the present nor fear for the future.
As a matter of fact the summer curtailment .of
work in the mills will be followed by a similar
move only in a more marked degree, on the limits.
A well posted man who returned trom the
Georgian Bay district lately said that all the big
operators were preparing to draw in their horns
so to speak. One mill firm that cut 80.000,000 feet
of logs last winter will this coming season only
cut one-fifth this quantity. The Pigeon Lumber
Company another big concern that made a cut of
110,000,000 feet of logs will only cut about one-
fifth this quantity.. Other firms will make a
curtailment of from one-fifth to one-half their log
cut. The move, to say the least, is very significant. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
Getting back to the Ottawa district it may be
stated that there will be a curtailment in the log
cut during the season just opening. The depression in the British market is a cause in the
Ottawa country not felt as yet to any extent up
about the Georgian Bay for the reason that the
bulk of the stock is secured in the Ottawa
country. In New Brunswick where considerable
stock is cut up for the English market, a reduction
in the log cut of from twenty-live to forty per
cent, was agreed upon at a meeting held lately in
St. John and attended by most of the operators.
The stagnation in the square timber market has
also led several Ottawa district operators to a decision not to manufacture during the coming
season.
The Wages Question.
That the Ottawa men do not look for a continuance of the era of high prices in the lumber
market is shown by their decision to curtail
wages. The highest wage being paid this season
is $28, while J. R. Booth is only paying $27, as
against $35 last year. As a matter of fact this
question of wages and the price of lumher have
an interchangeable bearing,-one on the other. The
operators-claim that the high wages have had a
marked tendency to restlessness amongst the men,
and a disinclination to work as faithfully and
strenuously as in the olden days. In fact it is
stated that one man formerly did as much work
as two men in late years, and this despite the fact
that wages advanced from fifty to eighty per cent.
Evidently the operators realize that the market
will become easier and that they will have tu reduce expenses if they expect to make money on
next summer's cut. However, some claim that
even at the high prices of the past two or three
years the high wages and high prices of fodder
provisions eat up all the profits.
Moreover the phenomenal success that attended
the movement of logs this spring and summer will
make it possible to reduce the log cut this coming
fall and winter.
Log Driving.
In the last letter reference was made to the
success which attended the log runs on the Ottawa
and its many tributaries this summer. The logs
came down with such rapidity and in such large
numbers as to defy all efforts to control them.
First the big Des Joachims dam above Pembroke
on the Ottawa river broke, liberating over 300,000
logs and pieces of pulp wood, poles, ties, etc. With
a favorable wind the logs and other stuff was all
rounded up without much difficulty. To avoid a
repetition of this disaster to the Des Joachims
and other big permanent booms a temporary one
was thrown across the river farther up stream.
As the Ottawa is not navigable at Roche-Captaine
the point in question, the boom was thrown the
entire width of the river. Down tumbled the logs,
pulp wood, etc., until the river was jam full for a
distance up above the boom of four miles. Above
that again is a big rapid, and despite the fact that
the water had lowered several feet, the rush of the
river sent the four solid miles of logs bang up
against the temporay dam like a ram and away it
went. It is estimated that between seven hundred
thousand and a million logs, ties, piles, pieces of
pulp wood, etc., were in the new Roche-Captaine
boom, and that stock is now scattered down the
river for a distance of twenty miles. At that
point is situated the Des Joachims boom, and it
is feared it may break again. If it does, the
operators will be in a bad way as the logs will be
late in getting to the mills.
The movement of the logs on the Ottawa is in
the hands of the Upper Ottawa Improvement
Company, and its work is being subjected to criticism, in fact the operators threaten to call the attention of the new transportation commission to
it. However officers of the Improvement Company state that they are doing as well as can be
expected under exceptional circumstances, the
logs rushing down in half the time taken in other
years and with a record number and height of
water.
Reference was made in the last letter to a log
jam on the Rouge river, a big tributary of the
Ottawa. It contained seven hundred thousand
logs and pieces of pulp wood.    No sooner was the
first jam cleared away after weeks of work, than
a second one formed a mile long and worse than
the first,
Death of a Prominent Lumberman.
The death occurred in Ottawa today of Mr.
Alexander Lnmsden, ex-M.L.A., one of the best
known lumber operators of the Ottawa district.
He held extensive limits and mills in the Temis-
kaming district, and formerly had Charge of the
movement of all logs on the Temiskaming stretch
of the Ottawa river. He was a self made man and
rated as a millionaire.
The lumbermen of Ottawa and district interested in limits in the Temiskaming district and
mills along the lower stretches of the Ottawa
have grappled with the problem of an all year
satisfactory head of water for the movement of
logs and manipulation of machinery. Heretofore
high water in the spring, and low water in the
summer and winter have interferred with the
running of the mills operated by water power.
Application has been made to the Ontario government and engineers placed at work on a scheme
to dam one large lake or more in the Temiskaming
country. By this means the water could be released as required down stream in seasons of low
water. The movement of logs from the Temiskaming country would also be facilitated.
The Fire Record.
While Ontario and Quebec have so far escaped
from forest fires this summer, such has not been
the case with Newfoundland. Several mills and
tracts of timber in the ancient colony have been
fire swept. Newfoundland's output of timber this
year is estimated at 60,000,000 feet, a very big increase.
On account of the depression in the British
market, many New Brunswick mills will close
down earlier than usual this season, possibly about
September 1st. The winter shipments to England
from the Atlantic province supplied practically all
demand for lumber, and but few orders have been
received lately. The shutting down of the mills
at St. John, N. B., alone would throw about six
hundred hands out of work.
It is estimated that between six and seven
hundred million feet of lumber will be used in the
Canadian Northwest and Manitoba this season, of
which American mills, with no duty imposed, are
expected to supply about one-fifth.
The Lumberman Appreciated.
Eastern lumbermen who have procured copies
of the British Columbia Lumberman all agree that
it is progressive and newsy, and should prove a
potent factor in the interests of the industry on
the Pacific slope.
ON THE SOUND
Logging   Industry   Continues   Inactive—Lumber
Rail Shipments Not as Bad as Anticipated
and Local Trade Assuming Better
Condition, But No Money in
Cargo Trade.
Seattle, August 10.—The majority of the logging
camps throughout this state remain closed, and as
a consequence many men are idle. Now and then
a camp opens here and there, but it is only for a
short time as a rule.
The only exception, so to speak, is the Weyerhaeuser Timber Syndicate which operates a number of camps in Clarke county and refuses to obey
the command of the Loggers' Association to shut
down. It will be remembered that forest fires a
couple of years ago scorched a large territory of
valuable timber in Clarke county. It happened
that nearly all of this timber was the property of
the Weyerhaeuser's. Originally it was not the
intention to log this county for several years to
come, but the fire made it necessary to remove the
damaged timber while it had a commercial value',
hence the activity of the Weyerhaeuser's in Clarke
county. This same company, which owns millions
of acres in this and other Pacific Coast states, is
still acquiring timber.    It is reported from Everett
that it has timber cruisers going through the tim
ber lands belonging to the Snohomish Logging
Co. and that a deal is practically completed for
purchasing all the holdings of the latter company.
The land is located a tew miles south of Snohomish on the Snohomish river. With the purchase
goes a private railway connecting the camps with
the river.
Loggers are confident that all the camps will
be in operation before next spring, many probably
this fall. A good many Oregon loggers are now
beginning operations, and this action may spur
on those on the Washington side.
Rail Shipments.
Statistics just gathered in regard to rail shipments of lumber show that the situation this year
is not nearly as bad as apprehended. But in
shingle shipments there has been an awful drop.
For the month of May there was shipped
90,000,000 less shingles than during the same
month last year. During the first five months of
this year, January to May inclusive, 2,147,160,000
shingles were shipped from this state by rail, while
during the same period for 1903 these shipments
amounted to 2,353,800,000 shingles. This shows a
falling off of 206,640,000 shingles for that period.
In lumber shipments it is not nearly so bad. The
lumber movement for the month of May, 1903,
was but 495,000 greater than for the same month
in 1904. May shipments of lumber were considerably larger than those of previous months, and
those of April exceed those of earlier months.
Market Shows Upward Tendency.
The local feeling among lumber men is quite
strong, and they anticipate a gradual improvement
in the market from now on. Added to a strong
local demand for lumber is the continued buying
of the government. There are so many large improvements going on in and about Seattle that
mills hereabout have all they can do to satisfy
their customers as to delivery. Most of the lumber purchased by the government is wanted in the
Philippines and in Alaska, where extensive building improvements are carried on. As a further
indication that lumbermen believe they control the
situation once more may be mentioned that a new
price list has been issued by the retail branch of
the Pacific Coast Manufacturers' Association, raising the price on all grades $1 a thousand. The
increase affects the entire rail trade of the Northwest and will be adopted by all the mills. The
increase in price is made to meet the improved
demand by dealers throughout the middle west.
Early orders for the fall are coming in, and eastern yardsmen anticipate a heavy fall business, and
desire to get ready for it. The crops are good in
nearly all sections and farmers will have money
to make improvements. The only cloud that
darkens the immediate future is the fear of car
shortage. Along the line of the Great Northern
a car shortage is already felt, while on the Northern Pacific and southern lines there is no cause
of trouble so far. President Elliott of the N. P.
has promised one thousand new cars on the coast
by September 15th, but many of them will no
doubt be needed to move the wheat crop.
The Cargo Trade.
The cargo export trade from the Puget Sound
basin is still unsatisfactory in quantity as well as
regards price. The first half of the year showed
a falling off and the indications are that the second
half will be no better. Several of the large cargo
mills have closed down, as there is no money in
the business at present, and reports from Australia, South America and the Orient relate that all
yards are overstocked and the demand slight.
Strikes No Benefit to the Situation.
Strikes are still in progress in many shingle
mills in the state. The men do not take kindly to
a reduction of wages and fight it obstinately. In
Everett the difficulty has been settled, the men
going back to work on the old scale, but other
mill owners in other parts of the state still refuse
to pay the old scale. In Aberdeen an attempt was
made to introduce Jap shingle weavers, but the
citizens drove them out.    In Olympia and Elma II'
:
II1
We have a large
Stock on Hand of
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
HEAD    OFFICE!,    VANCOUVER,    B.    C
Fir, Cedar, Spruce MS
IN  SAME CARS TOGETHER WITH
. G. Flooring
Shingles, Lath, Doors
...and Mouldings
in. Ceiling, Drop Siding, Etc.
We can Load
Mixed Cars
Promptly
PROMPT SHIPMENT IS OUR SPECIALTY FOR 1904
Code Used :    AMERICAN LUMBERMAN TELECODE
BRANCHES:
gs  Saw   Mill,  Vancouver Royal City Saw and Planing Mills, Vancouver
Moodyville Saw Mill, Burrard Inlet Royal City Saw and Planing Mills, New Westminster
THE
"SHAY" Locomotive
Manufactured by LIMA LOCOMOTIVE & MACHINE CO.
Specially  designed for HEAVY  GRADES and SHARP
CURVES,  in railroad, logging and mining operations.    This Company also manufacture
Direct-Connected Locomotives, Steel Dump Cars,
Gray Iron Castings, Etc.
Locomotives, Second-Hand   all kinds
Logging Trucki, Rails, Track Material
Iron and Steel   all shapes and kinds
Machinery.   Pig Iron.   Cast Iron Pipe.
Eye Beams, Channels, Structural Steel,
all shapes, Plates, Etc.
RAILS
NEW AND RELAYING
W. D. HOFIUS & CO.
OFFIC ES
72-74 Dexter Horton Building,
512 Chamber of Commerce,
SEATTLE, WASH.
PORTLAND, ORE. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
9
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E. H. HEAPS & CO.,
MANUFACTURERS OF
LUMBER
Lath, Shingles, Doors, Mouldings, Etc
SPECIALTI
AAI HIGH GRADE CEDAR SHINGLES
Cedar Bevelled Siding, Cedar Doer and Sash Stock, cut to size. Cedar Finish, Base, Casing, Newels, Balusters,
Etc.  Douglas Fir Timber up to 85 feet In length.
Cedar Gove Mill, Vancouver, B. 6.
Ruskin Mill, Ruskin, B. 6.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^ »♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
similar    attempts    were made, but in all eases itlBmore than  sixty per cent, of the taxes, claiming
proved unsuccessful. f■excessive    assessment.      The  timber was bought
Since the rate reduction was made on spruce Pseveral years ago for a mere song. The amount
lumber the mills sawing that class of timber have "'of the taxes $11,322.80, and with penalty and inexperienced an increased demand. The Grays terest it now amounts to $12,851.38. They may
Harbor mills have been especially benefitted by bring an injunction suit, but the courts look with
this reduction owing to the larger amount of disfavor upon tax dodgers, and the owners will
standing spruce in that part of the state. A strik- eventually be compelled to pay or forfeit their
ing peculiarity of the Washington spruce is that it     claims
THE FIRE FIEND.
resembles the Idaho pine, when kiln-dried, to such
an extent that it is sold in the east as such. Eastern consumers, it is said, can discover no differences between well seasoned Washington spruce
and white pine. Spruce is gaining a strong foothold as an inside finishing material. Veneer
spruce, a grade perfectly clear and with uniform
grain, is worth $9 per thousand and other grades
range from $5 to $6, according to quality.
Philippine Lumber Shipments.
1). P. Sullivan, representing the Philippine Lumber & Commercial Co., last month brought to
Seattle a shipment of red anna, yellow anna, and
acle, cabinet woods; guijo and yacal, heavy construction timbers, which his company intends to
introduce in cities along the coast. Mr. Sullivan
claims to be able to ship Philippine woods to this
coast cheaper than they can be brought in from
the east. The first shipment is more in the line
of samples.
It is probably not generally known that a good
quality of oak is grown in eastern Oregon. News
comes from Dallas, Ore., that a Mr. Knapp has
built a new oak mill at the terminus of the S. F. C.
& W. R. R. near Dallas.      Several tracts of oak
B. W. Greer, General Western Freight Agent of
the Canadian Pacific Railway, with headquarters
in Vancouver, was in this section during the middle of last month. He said: "Strange as it may
seem, the mills of the State of Washington are
shipping lumber into the eastern part of British
Columbia, and selling at a profit. There is no
duty on rough lumber coming into Canada, so that
American mill men have no obstacle to contend
with. Strong efforts have been made to have a
duty passed, but nothing was ever done in that
direction and it is not probable that anything will
ever be done. How the American mill men can
compete with Canadian mill men I am not able to
say, but I presume the American mill men are
overstocked and using this method of unloading
stock they cannot dispose of on this side of the
line."
FREIGHT RATES REDUCED.
Coastwise freight rates on lumber have been
reduced 50 cents per 1.000 feet. The rate from
Puget Sound ports to San Francisco is now $400
and $5.00 to southern ports. The reason for this
reduction in rate is found in the fact that there
timber exist along that line. Mr. Knapp has oper- are more boats than business. Lumber is cheap
ated a small mill in the vicinity for some time. and large    stocks    have    accumulated in all the
important yards. The Tacoma mill has shut down
and will remain closed until prices recover. With
prices as they are the margin of profit to the mill
To Be Sold for Taxes.
Several thousand acres of timber land in Clatsop is said to be small, and it is partly to induce the
county, owned by eastern capitalists, is to be sold mill men to continue running their plants that the
for taxes   by   the   sheriff   of   that   county.    The reduction has been made by the steam schooner
reason for this is that the owners refuse to pay people.
The months of July and August 'have been
marked by the incalculable damage done by forest
fires this season, and to quote fully the various
reports received would take several pages of the
"Lumberman," so we must content ourselves with
making the briefest mention of the more disastrous. Almost all sections of the Province have
suffered more or less with forest fires, but the
greatest damage has been done in the east and
southwest Kootenay districts.
Several bush fires are reported from Slocan
Lake by which much mining property has been
burned up, consisting of mine buildings and water
conducts, and many square miles of valuable
standing timber. A railroad tresle of the C. P. R.
was burned down causing considerable delay to
traffic between Slocan and Nelson.
Six hundred feet of Nelson water works flume
conveying water from White Water Creek has
been burned, and it is feared that before the fires
are quenched the whole flume, which is two miles
long, will go.
At Camborne, mining companies have lost between $15,000 and $25,000 worth of property, and
prospectors have been driven out of the country
by the fires. This last section is very heavily timbered, and the lcfss to the country will amount to
many thousands of dollars.
In and around Nelson, besides the partial loss
of the water works flume, the work of devastation is beyond calculation, and there is hardly a
section of that district which has escaped. The
Ymir Herald says of the fires in the vicinity of
Ymir: There are two fires now raging which at
times assume a threatening aspect to Ymir. One
is below Erie where a large tract of valuable timber has been destroyed. The other started from
a spot about two miles north of Hall siding and
has been steadily working up towards the summit
and along Clearwater creek. The track of the
cloudburst which a couple of years ago tore out
all vegetation for a width of about 30 feet, two Ill
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BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
miles above Hall siding, makes a good fire line,
On tli"-' north side of this track, the fire has burnt
right up from the railway line, to the spat where
the water first hit the ground, From this point
right up to the summit the fire has Imrm both
sides of the railway line, and the section men are
kept busy removing fallen tree- from the track.
The lire has now reached the heights above Nelson and in consequence oi the dry condition   of
the ground there is no telling where it will Stop.
Acres and acre- of valuable timber have been destroyed along the Salmon River and Clearwater
Creek. Unless, however, there is an unusual
change in the regular wind currents up and down
the Salmon River, there is no immediate danger
to Ymir from either of these fires.
The tires adjoining the Kootenay district, west
of Nelson, burned over the right of way of the
Bonnington Falls Electric Power Company, and
put that company out of business for some time,,
^thereby causing trouble to the Hall Mines Smeller, and plunging Nelson in darkness.
In    East    Kootenay the situation is no better.
^porting early this month the Fort Steele "Pros-
ftor"  thus  briefly  sums  up  the   situation:      A
re forest   lire  is  burning on   the  west  side   of
Kootenay   River,  south  of  Skookum   Chuck.
fcfire started at Skookum Chuck and is grow-
|rger every day.     It has spread over a large
ind is now travelling south at the rate of a
^ery day.    it has a width of from twelve to
tiles, and has now reached a point about
miles south ^<i wdiere it started.    A large
|of fine timber has been destroyed.    Han-
jpiill  came  near  being  destroyed  Thurs-
hvas saved after many hours of lighting.
ipparcntly is officially interested enough
is tire which has already burned over an
|e miles wide    and    eighteen    miles    in
|e area burned is estimated at 216 miles.
$e was raging on Fisher Creek, a tribu-
Horse Creek, four miles from  Font
cdnesday.      Forest   tires  are  raging at
Its in Southeast Kootenay.
forest  lire is  raging just  west  of  Fort
    Ictioii.      Thousands  of  feet  of  timber
haj^^HPBPe:;tr"^0('- ^ne lirc started during the
eafBMPr of last week, and has burned over an
areatn several miles. The flames raged with
much fury on both side- of the railway track. The
fire is thought to have started from sparks thrown
out from a passing engine.
Three other large forest fires are raging west of
F'ort Steele. One on tributaries of the St. Mary's
River, thirty miles west of Fort Steele. One on
north fork of Wild Horse Creek, and one southwest of Moyie. All have burned over many hundreds of acres of line timber land. Great clouds
of smoke are seen at Fort Steele every day in the
west.
In the Crow's Nest section a similar lamentable
condition exists. At one time matters were so
serious that almost every town on the line from
Wardner to Blairmore was in danger. The Elk
and Fernie Lumber Companies are very heavy-
losers, the former to the extent of over $30,000.
It is roughly estimated that in the space of two
days damage to the extent of over $200,000 has
been done to timber and personal property.
On the main line of the C. 1'. R. the situation,
though not as bad as the sections above mentioned, is to be deplored. The Empire Lumber
Company's mill at Revelstoke had a very narrow
escape from being destroyed from the presence of
bush tires. A bad lire is threatening the limits
being operated by the Arrowhead Lumber Company at Galena Bay, Columbia River. Fierce forest tires have been raging the past week from
Notch Hill to Sicamous, says the correspondence
of the Inland Sentinel. At Tappen Siding the
residences of James Howard and Chas. Langslow
were destroyed along with almost all their contents, and the residences of Alex. Reid, Joseph
Rabble and others were saved only after a hard
struggle. The flames are still raging but unless
high winds prevail little more danger is anticipated. At Salmon Arm the residence of \\'. A.
Hanks has been destroyed and several others are
still in danger. Large numbers of settlers are
watching the tires, but very little can be done in
consequence of extreme dry weather and high
winds.
The Coast district is a no wise better position
than the interior of the Province, and has suffered
equally in the matter of drought. If estimates
were obtainable it would be found that the dam
age by fires to standing timber in this part of the
Province would run into nearly seven figures, and
if the total record does not suggest a moral to the
Government and the officials we fail to see what
will.
SAW WORKS FOR BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Mention has repeatedly been made in these col
minis of the organization of the A. J. Burton Saw
Works, Ltd., of Vancouver, B. C, and while there
were a few who were disposed to "throw' cold
water" on the scheme, yet by steady and persistent effort on the part of those directly interested,
the company has progressed so far that it may
now be said to lie a "'going concern."
Our illustration shows the buildings erected by
the company. These occupy a most convenient
site within the city limits of Vancouver. The land
is situated with a frontage of 1X5 feet on Powell
street, while the back of the land faces the C.P.R.
track, to which it is ultimately intended to build a
switch. The buildings comprise one of two
storeys, 85x40 feet, adjoining which is the tempering room, 26x30 feet, and in this has been
erected a tempering furnace of the late-t and most
improved design, similar to the furnaces used by
the most up-to-date saw manufacturers ><i the
United States. The capacity of this furnace it is
estimated will supply all the demand of this Province for some considerable time to come, and
will accomodate circular saws up to 60 inches and
drag saws up to 0 feet.
Upon the ground floor of the main building all
the  necessary  heavy  machinery  has been   placed.
borough, Out., from the latest designs furnished
by the Covel Manufacturing Company of Chicago;
there are also anvils ami levelling tables, and
everything requisite for saw manufacturing and
file room purposes. Though not directly appertaining to the saw business the company intends
to install a ^2 inch knife grinder for the grinding
of planer knives, and knives used in printing anil
statiiniery departments,
From the extensive and varied experience which
the Managing Director Mr. A. J. Burton has had
in the making, placing and handling of saws of all
kinds the repairing of -aws will be one of the
features of the business of the company, and we
have reason to believe that ere long his success
and advice in this respect will be fully valued and
appreciated by the mill men of the Province.
By patronizing this department the British Columbia milimen will find a great saving in cost, a.s
well as time, and with none but expert workmen
employed, customers of the Burton Saw Co.. may-
rest assured that every effort will be made to give
satisfaction.
As sunn as the installation of the plant is Completed which should be in a very few weeks — the
company will be in a position to supply the whole
of Hritish Columbia and the Northwest Territories
with saws and other goods of a finer quality than
those made 111 eastern Canada, and save the customer the duty upon the U. S. A. article. A still
greater advantage lie- 111 the fact that these goods
being made here will remove the long and serioii>
delays that now- obtain in getting them from
either eastern Canada or the States.
The company has completed arrangements with
the R. Hoc & Co. ut New York, to represent that
company in tin- Province, in the sale of the celebrated  inserted-tooth  saw-, and  with  this end in
THE A  J  BURTON SAW CO , LTD., VANCOUVER
B   C
while the upper Hour will be used for storage purposes and for a repairing and filing shop. Although not completely equipped, a large amount
of machinery is already installed and with the
facilities at present at hand repair work which is
one ol the company's objects can be promptly
attended to. Today the equipment consists ni;
One 50 horse power Canadian General Electric
motor, one heavy pinching press for toothing saws
made by the Reid Machine Go. of Cincinnati,
Ohio, the weight of which is 10.000 pounds; one
drill, Boynton & Plummer, Boston, Mass., make.
for drilling eye and screw holes for shingle saws;
a  large grinding machine    carrying    a
inch
diameter stone, with 14 inch face, the weight of
which is 3 tons; a polishing machine, made in New
York, and a milling machine. Besides the above
there is a complete outfit for grinding, sharpen
ing, brazing, rolling and toothing saws, made by
the Wm.   Hamilton  Manufacturing Co. of   Peter
view, ha- already placed in stock and on order a
number of inserted tooth saws, and a full supply
ol bits or teeth and shanks of all sizes, and is pre
pared to meet the immediate wants of customers,
who will thus be enabled to avoid the vexatious
delay occasioned by ordering from the east.
The A. J. Burton Saw Co., Ltd. commences bi'si
nesv with the brightest of prospects and from the
liberal manner in which its stock has been subscribed for by the citizens of Vancouver and elsewhere, it is evident that the undertaking has been
well received by the business community of the
country. We therefore have no hesitancy in
recommending its patronage to those in whose
interest- the undertaking was made, viz., the lum
bermeu of the  Province and the Northwest.
Gilpin's sawmill at Morrissey, B. C, is being
advertised fur sale. It is described as "a good
rig" BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
11
The Rat Portage Lumber Go'y, Limited
TELEPHONE  NO. 354
VANCOUVER BRANCH
MANUFACTURERS OF
P. O. BOX 778
FIR, CEDAR AND SPRUCE
Building Material of all Kinds Delivered Promptly.    Hardwood in Car Lots.
MILL AND OFFICE8 :
SOUTH GRANVILLE STREET BRIDGE
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Thomas Kirkpatrick
MANUFACTURER OF
RED CEDAR
-SHINGLES-
Daily Capacity, 250,000
Head Office and Mill, HASTINGS,, B. G.
Orders Solicited and Correspondence
Promptly Attended to
Telephone B 1425
Boyd,
Burns & Co.,
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Engineering Supplies
Ship Chandlery ....
Agents for E. C. Atkins Co.'s
CELEBRATED SILVER-STEEL SAWS
Iron Pipe, Valves, Belting,
Pipe Fittings, Wood Pulleys,
Steam Packing,      Wire Rope.
The Menz Lumber Co.
26 Merchants Bank Building, WINNIPEG, MAN.
MANUFACTURERS AND WHOLESALERS
British Columbia Red Cedar Shingles SSXTmSITS
Unlimited Capacity for filling orders promptly for all kinds of Lumber, including Hardwoods and Maple Flooring
Write us for Special Quotations whenever in the Market io
lit !
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BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
UXXXXXXXXXXZZZZXZXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXZZZZXIXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXU
I ZJ roVu\cicu Gyr>rorn\atioi\ |
rxxxxxriixxixxxzzzzizxxiiixxxxxxxxizxxxxxxixxxxxxxzxzizzzxzzxxxixxxfl
The  Canadian Timber  &  Saw  Mills,   Ltd., of
Trout Lake, B. C, is advertising for shinglemen,
Mr. 1". A. Sine has succeeded Mr. C. McCleery
as secretary-treasurer of the Empire Lumber
Company, of Revelstoke.
Moyie   is   to   have   electric     light   in   the   near
uture. and, as the Cranbrook "Herald" says, "it
will be an up-to-date town."
Mr. Peter Dods, of the North Pacific Lumber
Co., at Barnet, was married on the i/th inst to
Miss Hattie Hughes of Vancouver.
A fatal accident to an employee named Hanson
ok place     some    days    ago   at   the   Big   Bend
mber  Company's  mill  at Arrowhead.
F. J Hunter, late of the Elkmouth mill, at
has gone to Minneapolis to try and interest
1 in timber lands in East Kootenay.
Gallop is contemplating putting in a
camp on Dutch Creek, near Windermere,
burpose of taking out railway ties.
derby mill is sawing on a large order
ovincial Government for a new bridge
allumcheen River at that place.
ink & Sutherland,  of  Brandon,  have
ng  timber   limits   on   Shuswap   Lake
try tributary, with a view to invest-
s Nest Lumber Company's mill had
ape from total destruction by tire last
image  to   the  extent   of  some  $15,000
The Empire Lumber Company's new logging
engine is said to be doing good work at the company's timber limits about a mile and a half up
Fish River.
The Hazelmere Lumber Mill, operated by-
Messrs. George Thrift & Co., is running to its full
capacity, and is kept very busy tilling orders for
the local demand.
Mr. Cuddy, late of the Harrison River Mills
Company, has accepted the position of travelling
salesman of the Arrowhead Lumber Company, of
Arrowhead, B. C.
About a million feet of timber will be used in
the new Granby No. 4 tunnel ore bins, at Grand
Forks. They will be 50 feet high, and close to
the new giant ore crusher.
Messrs. G. F. Piper and Chamberlain, of Minneapolis, who are interested in the Empire
Lumber Company, of Revelstoke, paid a visit to
the company's mill last week.
Nearly half a million feet of lumber will be used
in retimbering the shafts and drives of the Brooklyn mine near Phoenix, B. C. Large ore bins will
also be erected as soon as possible.
Mr. Johnson, of Minneapolis, one of the partners
in the Empire Lumber Company, accompanied by-
Mrs. Johnston, are visiting Revelstoke. They
have leased a house for the summer there.
George McCormick, Managing Director of the
Kamloops Lumber Company, will move his family
from Orillia, Ontario, to F.nderby, at an early-
date, where he intends making his home.
F.nderby. besides its lumber industry and flour
mill, is coming to the front " as an industrial
centre The local brickyard has turned out 320,000
brick since the season opened, and has another
kiln ready to fire.
Mr. Hugh Cameron, Manager of the Moyie
Lumber Company, was married at Cranbrook on
the 14th ulto, to Miss Haslam, of Moyie. Their
honeymoon was spent at the coast cities. We
extend to them our best wishes.
S. A. Clancey, of Cranbrook, has "taken the
road" for the Moyie Lumber Company. Mr.
Clancey is a young man of ability and should
make a success in this line, a result thait is hoped
for by his many friends in that thriving town.
E. G. McCormick, Jr., has been appointed
manager of the Kamloops Lumber Company's
shingle mill at Annis, and J. Shields, formerly
manager of that mill, has been appointed to take
charge of the company's offices at  Enderby.
The Bella Coola Development Company have
had three parties out surveying their timber limits
since the first of June. One party is still in the
field, laying off the best portions of timber. They
speak of erecting a sawmill near Bela Coola in
the near  future.
The shingle mill situated at Hall's Prairie,
known as the Hazelmere Shingle Mill, has
changed hands recently, and Messrs. Wright &
Son, of Everett, are the new owners. Considerable improvements and additions are contemplated by the purchasers.
The machinery for the Otis Staples mill on
Perry Creek, Southeast Kootenay, has arrived,
and is being rapidly installed, though it is hardly-
expected cutting will commence before next
season. The capacity of the mill, when completed,
it is claimed, will be  125,000 feet per day.
A shipment of "tooth picks" was recently sent
in to Atlin by the Shawnigan Lumber Company of
Victoria. These were 86 feet by 30 inches, and
ten in number, to the order of the British American Dredging Company of Philadelphia, who art-
operating dredges in the Atlin mining district.
General Manager D. S. Guinter, of the Gold
River Mining Company, at Bull Creek, East
Kootenay, has purchased the Wasa sawmill from
Mr. N. Hanson, and will move it to Bull Creek,
where it will be used to turn out the large quantity of lumber required in connection with the
hydraulic works of the company.
Mr. P. M. Thompson, who is one of the oldest
and best-known travelling salesmen in the territory tributary to Minneapolis, has accepted a
similar position with the Empire Lumber Company, Ltd., of Revelstoke. He has been in the
employ of the W. W. Johnson Lumber Company,
of Minneapolis, for the last seven  years.
Samples of building stone from the quarry at
Nanaimo, B. C, which were sent to San Francisco have been pronounced to be the best building material ever received in that city and the
lessees of the quarry have been invited to tender
on several large contracts. It is probable that in
a short time the output of the quarry will be very
largely increased.
Porter Bros., who have the contract for building
all the bridges and trestles on the Phoenix branch
and smelter spur of the V. V. & E., have started
two pile driving crews and a framing crew to
work on the trestle across Newby Flat. A raising
crew will soon be added. A force of about twenty-
bridge builders arc employed.
E. McCormick, Managing Director of the Kamloops Lumber Company, pays a compliment to
the products of S. C. Smith's sash and door factory
at Vernon. He points with pride to the fitting of
the company's offices at Enderby, and asks where
you will find more beautifully finished doors?
These are made by Mr. Smith from cedar cut at
the Enderby mill.
The "Queen City" recently brought to Victoria
from the West Coast a big shipment of lumber
from the mill operated by Messrs. Clark & Lee
at  Alberni.    The    lumber  is  said  to  be  of fine
THE...
LUMBERMEN'S
SUPPLY CO.
LIMITED
122 Wellington Street, West
TORONTO, ONT.
We sell any article that is required by
Railway Contractors or Lumbermen, no matter what it is.
We  ship mixed car lots
Mitts,    Moccasins,   Shoe   Packs,    Larrigans,
Pants, Underwear, Chain, Rope, Axes,
Saws, Axe Handles, Pork, Ham,
Bacon, Lard, Butter, Tea.
We are the only House in Canada that
furnishes you complete under one roof
LOWEST WHOLESALE PRICES
quality, and has been forwarded to Winnipeg. The
present management have recently effected some
improvements to the mill, and of late the plant
has  been kept  pretty busy.
The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Company,
Ltd., of B. C., will shortly instal a sawmill at
Duncan River, in the Ainsworth Mining Division,
to provide lumber for the proposed mono-railway
and other extensive works contemplated by this
company. Judge J. M. Miller and Col. II. L.
Archer, managing director, of Minneapolis, are
the moving spirits  in  the enterprise.
F. H. Hale, representing the Kamloops Lumber
Company, returned to Enderby from Alberta
recently. He says it is wonderful to see the way
the Alberta country is filling up with settlers. In
one section lie saw a settlement starting where
for 30 miles every square foot of land had been
taken up. Business is very good, and the outlook
for building is  brighter than  ever.
An important notice has appeared in the advertising columns of the "Colonist" to the effect that
the Victoria branch of the British Columbia
Lumber & Shingle Manufacturers' Association
has determined upon a reduction of 10 per cent,
in addition to the cash discount off the present list
on all rough lumber, lath and shingles. This
applies to Victoria City and  District.
On S. C. Isbister, of the Waterous Engine
Works, leaving Arrowhead, the staff and employees of the Arrowhead Lumber Company made
him a handsome presentation. This took the form
of a silver plate valued at $ioo. The presentation
was made by W. R. Beatify, the manager, in a
few happy remarks. Mr. Isbister has been at
Arrowhead for some months installing the plant
for the company, and became a general favorite
with   the  company's  officers   and   employees.
The Kamloops Lumber Company, Ltd.. is
now the owner of the Kamloops and F.nderby
sawmills, the shingle mill at Annis, and the extensive timber limits connected therewith. The Board
of Directors consists of: Dr. Oronhyatekha
President; Hon. G. E. Foster, Col. J. A. McGillivray, J. J. Davidson, all of Toronto; Col. Stevenson, of Detroit, and G. McCormick, of Kamloops,
Managing Director. The company is strong
financially, having a subscribed capital of $500,000.
The German ship Schurbek, Nicolai master, has
sailed from Chemainus for Hambourg with 2,12$,-
000 feet of lumber. British ship Olivebank, Henderson master, arrived there on the 13th in .St. to
load at the Victoria Lumber & Manufacturing
Company's mill for Cape Town. Chilian bark
Antofagasta is loading for Chili. The company
reports the Northwest lumber business is still very-
good and has all the orders it can handle. The
car supply has been much more satisfactory tins
season.
ilLl BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
13
Moyie is not only backed by the best silver-lead
mine in America, says the correspondent of the
Cranbrook "Herald," but has behind it, also, one
of the most improved and best equipped sawmills
in Southeast Kootenay. The company have a
large quantity of high-class timber in their booms
and the mill is working overtime to finish the cut
during the summer. There are about sixty nun
working at the mill and every day fifty and sixty
thousand feet of high-class lumber are being
turned out.
the piston became loose and became jammed
between the piston and the cylinder head, with the
result that the engine was completely wrecked,
every spoke in the tlywheel was broken and the
main steam pipe fractured, and Mr. Sherraden, at
the risk of his life, turned the throttle. Happily
the company had on hand a duplicate engine for
such an emergency, which was immediately installed, and a delay of only a few days occurred.
Pacific Coast Pipe Co.,Id.
Thomas McNaught, a lumberman of Toronto,
who has been making a leisurely tour through the
Province, states that he looked a little into the
timber resources, and says that he is astonished
at the amount and quality of the timber here. The
market for the timber ea.st of the mountains, he
says, i.s a large one, and one which may be relied
on to absorb large quantities of the surplus lumber
of the Province. Timber in the congested portions of the Fast is getting scarce, and it will not
be very many years before Hritish Columbia's
lumber market will be considerably enlarged.
A party of men interested in timber limits at
Violin Lake, near Trail, consisting of Messrs.
Lindsay Fctterley and James McAnnally, lumbermen, of Ottawa, J. L. Peacock, of Buffalo; H.
M. Dodge, a nephew of Senator Dodge, of Boston,
and G. M. Amiable, M.L.A., of Moose Jaw, Assa.,
made an inspection of the limits last month, with
the rcsuh that it is likely a company will be
Organized and a mill built on the Columbia River
adjacent to Trail. The Violin Lake limits are
understood to carry a very large quantity of particularly tine timber, including much of the white
pine that commands such high figures when
manufactured into finished products.
According to 'the Nelson "News," a company
has been organized in that city to take up the
Violin Lake limits of Mr. Annable, M.L.A., of
Moose Jaw. The capital of the company is to be
$50,000, divided into shares of $100 each. Operations are to be commenced at once, with Mr. Fet-
tcrly as managing director. The mill is to be
located on the Columbia & Western Railway, at
a point a mile and a half west of Trail. The intention is to market the product of the mill in Rossland, Trail and the Northwest Territories. The
rate from this point to the Territories is the same
as it is from Cranbrook. There is, however, a
fine market for dimension timber of all kinds in
the mines and mills around Trail and Rossland,
and there will be plenty of demand for the lumber
as soon as the newc oncern begins to turn it out.
iffliu
iiir:
What might have been a bad accident was
happily averted by the pluck of Harold Sherraden,
assistant engineer for the Porto Rico Sawmill
Company at Ymir, a few weeks ago. While the
mill was in full operation, a screw in the head of
Log driving on the St. Mary's and Kootenay
rivers came to an end last month. Over 5,000,000
feet of logs are now held in the boom of the
Crow's Nest Pass Lumber Company at Wardner.
As far as natural conditions are concerned, the
lumber operations of the Crow's Nest Pass Company have been most satisfactory. Never in the
history of the company have conditions as to
quantity of logs, plenty of water in the St. Mary's
River, and consequently the easy driving of logs,
been so perfect. It is estimated that there was
between five and six million feet of logs on the
St. Mary's and Kootenay rivers during the big
drive. These are now secure in the big booms of
the company at Wardner. The Moyie Lumber
Company has landed nearly 8,000,000 feet of logs
in Moyie Lake, opposite the mill.
1551 GRANVILLE STREET
VANCOUVER,    -    B.C.
P. O Box 563 Telephone 1494
Manufacturers of
Machine Banded
Wire Wound
Wooden Stave
Water Pipe
For City and Town Water Systems, Fire
Protection, Power Plants, Hydraulic Mining, Irrigation, Etc.
ONE-HALF THE COST OF
IRON PIPE AND BETTER.
WRITE    FOR    CATALOGUE
The Rothesay Lumber Company, at Mara, B. C,
which was Flailed by the Mowat Bros., has
accomplished v,metis in the past three months,
says the "Edenograph." On May 1st, the present
mill site was covered with underbrush and trees.
Fifteen days after the machinery was landed at
the station,  the big saw    was    started and  the
3S-
CUT
MARINE AND STATIONARY
Engines and Boilers
Ships, Yachts
... and Tugs
We manufacture
Marine Boilers of all
kinds as well as Horizontal Boilers as shown
in cut.
Our Marine and
Stationary Engines are
decidedly highest grade
and our Ships, Yachts
and Tugs have everywhere given the utmost
satisfaction.
We know we can
give you first-class
work and solicit a
chance to quote you.
II
THE BERTRAM ENGINE WORKS CO., Ltd.
TORONTO,
ONTARIO,    -   -    OANADA 14
BRITISH   COLUMBIA   LUMBKRMAN
THE WHEELER, OSGOOD COMPANY
TACOMA,
WASHINGTON
.. MOULDINGS..   DOORS  COLUMNS,SASH
We are equipped to make
1200 doors per day
With a proportionate amount
of other mill work
We are prepared to make
prompt shipments
SHINGLE   MILL   MACHINERY
Vancouver, B. C.
January jgth, 1903,
tFrank L. Johnson, Sapperton, B. C.
[Sir:
leplyinK to your enquiry ot .1 few days
i to how we liked the Improved "John-
ihinifli   Machine which  we recently
ltroni theSchaake Machine Works,
I to be able to state that  we are
tsed with it.
have had  experience   with   a   good
yles   of   Shingle    Machines,   and
pinion   this   one   is   the   best    oi
two important  points   in   which
(excels all others is the style of
ithe method of driving the car-
■ former   beintf   very  simple  and
Id the latter improvements mak-
fhine work very smooth and cas_\,
7 jar or jerk.
were building another mill  we
I no other kind ot machine.
Yours truly,
ICEK   SHINGLE   MILL   CO.,
Limited.
II. H. SPICER, Manager.
Drag Saw Machines, Jack Works,
Log Haul-Ups, Log Haul-Up Chains,
Combined Log Dog Grip and Stops,
Friction Log Dog Grip Hoists,
Knee Bolters, Bolt Cutting Machines,
Swing Saw Cutting-off Machines,
Shingle Packers,
Dried Shingle Presses,
Shafting, Hangers, Bearings, Pulleys,
Pulley Flanges, Shaft Collars,
Shaft Couplings, Engines, Boilers,
Conveyor Chains, Etc. Etc., Etc., Etc.
Look into the merits and prices of our
machinery before placing your orders
"JOHNSON'S" IMPROVED UPRIGHT SHINGLE MACHINE.
THE SGHAAKE MACHINE WORKS,
NEW WESTMINSTER,
British Columbia
ARROWHEAD
LUMBER
COMPANY, Ltd
ARROWHEAD, B. C.
MANUFACTURERS OF FINEST GRADES OF
Flooring,      Ceiling,
Finish,
Siding,
Ship Lap
and all kinds of
Cedar, Pine, Fir, Spruce and Hemlock Products
GANG SAWED LUMBER A SPECIALTY BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
15
lumber cut for tho building that now shelters it.
Today the company has as complete a shingle-
sawmill as there is in the country, and it is in
excellent trim to do tho work that is laid out for
it. Twenty-two men are employed in and about
the mill. The daily cut is about 20,000 feet. Their
supply of logs is large, and their timber limits
equal to the needs of the mill for many years."
The officers of the company are; President, Jas.
Mowat; Secretary-Treasurer, Alexander Watson;
Directors, II. S. Gregory and G. 0, D. Otty, of
St. John, N. B. The mill is under the local
management of J. L. Ruttan and R. Mowat, with
II. M. Law on the books.
;jiiii: xiiimiziiliii] zzzxxxxxxzzzzzzxzzzxxzzzzxzxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.
LUMBER   MANUFACTURERS   ORGANIZE.
Tho Manufacturers' Lumber Company, Ltd.,
has just boon incorporated under tho provisions
of the Manitoba Joint Stock Companies Act, with
a capitalization of $1,000,000. The object of the
company is to manufacture and sell lumber and
lumber products by wholesale and retail in Manitoba and tho Northwest Territories and in British
Columbia.
A large number of the leading manufacturers
in Winnipeg and in the West have joined in the
enterprise, including amongst others, I). C.
Cameron, Winnipeg; I). E. Sprague, Winnipeg;
John Hanbury, Brandon; Moyie Lumber Co.,
Ltd., of Moyie, B. C; A. Leitch, Esq., Cranbrook,
B. C.J East Kootenay Lumber Co., Ltd., of Cranbrook, B. C; Crow's Nest Pass Lumber Co., Ltd.,
of Wardner, B. C; Fernie Lumber Co., Ltd., of
Fernie, B. C; Robinson-McKenzie Lumber Co.,
Ltd., of Cranbrook, B. C; Standard Lumber Co.,
Ltd., of Cranbrook, B. C; the Kootenay River
Lumber Co., Ltd., of Nelson, B. C; the King
Lumber Co., Ltd., Cranbrook, B. C; Porto Rico
Lumber Co., Ltd., of Nelson, R. C; the Yale-
Columbia Lumber Co., Ltd., of Nakusp, B. C.J
the Arrowhead Lumber Co., Ltd., of Arrowhead,
B. C; Revelstoke Lumber Co., Ltd., of Revelstoke, R. C; Canadian Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd.,
of Port Moody, R. C; Brunette Saw Mill Co.,
Ltd., of New Westminster, R. C: Ladysmith
Lumber Co., Ltd., of Ladysmith, B. C; E. J.
Palmer, of Chemainus, B. C; Shawnigan Lake
Lumber Co., Ltd., of Victoria, B. C.J Columbia
River Lumber Co., Ltd., of Golden, R. C.J W. C.
Wells, of Paliser, B. C; R. A. Mather, of Kee-
watin, Ontario, and W. C. Cowan & Co., of Prince
Albert, Saskatchewan, N. W. T.
SUBSCRIPTIONS INVITED.
Advices just received from London. England,
state that the Pacific Coast Wood Pulp & Paper
Company, Ltd., is about to issue its prospectus,
inviting subscriptions from British investors to
assist in tho development of the wood pulp and
paper industries of British Columbia. It is stated
that this company has conducted considerable
pioneering work, and has practically absorbed the
Pacific Coast Power Company, Ltd., and the
Industrial Power Company, Ltd., both of Vancouver. The new company has obtained large
concessions of pulpwood lands, and possusscs
water power for the carrying out of its undertakings. '
The mills, it is proposed to locate near the
mouth of Powell River, situated about eighty
miles north of Vancouver. The company states
that the cost of wood delivered at its mills will
be about $2.50 per cord.
CROP STATISTICS.
Winnipeg, Man., August 3.—The Dominion Immigration Department at Winnipeg has collected
repors on crops generally throughout the west.
The returns are favorable, and show promise of
fairly good to excellent crops.
Winnipeg. August 16.—The weekly crop report
of tho Canadian Pacific Railway, issued to-day,
still holds to the hopeful tone which has characterized it throughout tho season. Cutting has
begun in nearly all parts of the Province and Territories, though it will not be general for at least
another week. The percentage yield as estimated
at the present time, runs from twenty to twenty-
five bushels to the acre with a good sample of
grain.
Vancouver Cx Uicit\it\| i
iixi; xiiiiiiiimiii: 111111111111111: :miix tzxiiiiriiiiziimxxir
The   British   barque   I lawthornbank   is  loading
lumber at the  Hastings mill for Iquiqui, Chile.
British ship Halewood is on her way to Vancouver to load lumber at Hastings for Callao,
Peru,
Huntting h Lea are making application to the
Vancouver City Council for an improved water
service and bettor fire protection.
Mr. Adam Hall, of Peterboro, Ontario, a prominent member of the Big Bend Lumber Co., at
Arrowhead, after a stay of some weeks here,
returned home  last week.
Mr. Robert Hamilton, of the Wm. Hamilton
Manufacturing Co., of Peterboro, has returned to
Vancouver, after an absence of several weeks in
the Last. He visited tho St. Louis Exposition on
his way west.
Lire did damage to lumber standing in the yards
of the North Pacific Lumber Company's mill at
Barnet, to tho extent of about $700 a few weeks
ago. It is supposed that the blaze started through
the carelessness of tramps.
The mill buildings of the Oriental Pulp &
Power Co., at Swanson Bay have been completed,
and are now awaiting tho arrival of the machinery.
Owing to tho extensiveness of the machinery, it
will take a long time to thoroughly instal it.
K. J. Mahoney, Manager of the Royal City
Planing Mills, Vancouver, returned from a visit
to Winnipeg. His patented "knock-down houses"
created a most favorable impression at the Winnipeg Exhibition, and to which lcferonce is made
in another column.
On Saturday, 30th ulto., Mr. William Beam,
manufacturer of doors, windows, etc., of Vancouver, mot with a nasty and painful accident,
having his right hand and arm badly lacerated
by a saw. The accident is liable to incapacitate
Mr.   Beam  for  several  weeks.
The lumber manufacturers of the Province
intend to take concerted action in bringing the
matter of lumber freight rates before the Railway
Commissioners when they arrive in Vancouver.
In this matter they have the co-operation of the
various  Provincial   Boards of Trade.
A series of disastrous forest fires are reported
from several places on the mainland coast and
Vancouver Island, and at the time of going to
press the damage reported is enormous. Many
logging camps have been compelled to move their
outfits to tidewater to save destruction from the
tire fiend.
Mr. Alex. Maclaren, President of the North
Pacific Lumber Co., at Barnet, gave his new
yacht, the "Maple Leaf," her trial trip a couple
of weeks ago, and found her fully up to expectations. Mr. Maclaren intends to take an extended
trip to the northern coast as soon as all the
interior fittings of his yacht are completed.
Mr. W. C. Schultheis, a prominent Washington
lumberman, was a recent visitor to the city. He
has been visiting the British Columbia coast with
the view of acquiring cedar limits for his company, the Washington Cedar Lumber Company,
of Ballard. It is more than likely a large mill will
be erected on the west coast of Vancouver Island,
at or near Clayoquot Sound, by this Company.
An unprecedented condition of affairs in the
logging business of this coast happened this
month, when two important logging camps had
to close down for want of water, there not being
sufficient water available for the boilers of the
donkey engines. The camps which have closed
down are Joliffe's, at Evans Bay,  Reade Island,
and E. 11. Heaps' camp, at Nelson Island. At the
former camp some nine men were employed, while
at tho latter thirty men wotld have worked.
Bayfield & Archibald, mechanical engineers and
machinery agents, have opened an office in
Molsons Bank building. The members of tho firm
come to Vancouver well recommended, and have
some first-class agencies, amongt others, are The
Mica Boiler Covering Co., Montreal; William
Abbott, Montreal; Manzel Bros., Buffalo, N. Y.,
manufacturers of the famous automatic force feed
oil pump, and W. 11. Mussen & Co., Montreal,
manufacture of wire rope.
Mr. J. P. McGoldrick, of Minneapolis, who has
received considerable notoriety by the action of
the Nelson City Council over the contemplated
bonusing of a large mill which he and his associates intended erecting at that point, passed
through Vancouver a few weeks ago. He expresess
much disgust at the way some of the members of
the Nelson Council endeavored to "saddle" the
bonus proposition, and is consequently undecided
what the ultimate action of the company will be.
Messrs. H. E. Irwin and H. S. Cane, of New
Market, Ontario, the latter head of the firm of
Cane & Sons, woodenware manufacturers of that
city, who have been making an extended visit
through the Province, were visitors to the city
last week. These gentlemen have been inspecting
timber limits in the Kettle River Valley, owned by
a Grand Forks syndicate, and it is said that negotiations are now under way for the transfer of
Lequim's sawmill at Grand Forks to Messrs.
Irwin & Cane.
One of those distressing and unaccountable
accidents happened early this month to August
Rcischmaun, foreman at W. T. Farrell's shingle
mill at Roche Point, whereby he is supposed to
have been drowned. His boat was found on
Monday, the 8th inst., adrift in the Second Narrows, and on the seat were his coat and vest. He
had left Vancouver the previous evening, and
apparently never reached his destination. Diligent
search has failed to obtain any trace of the
missing man.
The sale of the Vancouver Lumber Company's
mill and property was made last week to
Messrs. A. L. Clark, of Gilmer, and J. E. Tucker,
of Taylor, Texas, lumbermen of that state
of wide experience. The new owners contemplate making the plant one of the most up-to-date
on the coast, and will spend anywhere up to
$50,000 with this end in view. The name of the
company will not be changed. Mr. Moody, of
Galveston, Texas, an experienced millman, will
take the management of the mill.
The Rrunette Saw Mills, Ltd., of New Westminster, has completed the installation of. a fully
equipped box factory, the capacity of which is
6,000 boxes per day. Two dove-tail machines,
manufactured by the Dove-Tail Machine Co., of
St. Paul, have been placed; these machines are
the only ones in use in the Northwest. A box
printing machine of the latest design has also
been installed. The company has done a very
large business in salmon, fruit, butter and other
boxes, and from the excellence of the goods
turned out, are assured of a big trade.
As a result of several large orders which are
now in hand, the Pacific Coast Pipe Company's
factory is being worked overtime. Mr. A. E.
Irwin states that several miles of 18-inch wire-
wound pipe is now being turned out for the power
plant at the Britannia Mines, on Howe Sound.
Another large order for pipe was placed with this
firm by Mr. A. C. Flumerfelt, President of the
International Coal & Coke Company. This order
was for sufficient pipe for a complete waterworks
system for the new mining town of Coleman.
Some of the pipe manufactured by this company
is also being used in the Vancouver waterworks
system.
Messrs. Cunningham & Worth, trading under
the firm name of the Western Oil & Supply Co.,
at 217 Columbia avenue, Vancouver, opened up in 10
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
l i
business a few weeks ago, lt<>th members of the
firm are well and favorably known throughout the
Province, and were previously connected with
the well-known house of the Cunningham Hardware Company, of New Westminster, one of the
pioneer establishments of the Mainland. The new
tirni have secured some valuable agencies, including the Bowers Rubber Company, of San Francisco, dealers and manufacturers of rubber goods,
belting, mill hose and packing; the Howe Manufacturing Company, of Louisville, Kentucky,
makers of the famous Huxley valves, and the
Great Western Oil Co., of Cleveland. Ohio, whose
specialty is lubricating oils and greases.
IMPROVEMENTS TELL.
The   Revelstoke   1-umber   Co.,   Ltd.,   of   Revelstoke, has made considerable extensions and ini-
•rovements to its mill this season and the mill is
utting 40.000 feet per day.    An addition of 40x-5
:et lias been added to the planing mill, in which
been   placed   the  matchers,  a  planer  and  a
ning lathe;  to  the  sawmill   a  resaw,  self-feed
iws and two trimming saws have been added.
lust     conveyors    have   also    been   installed,
have   been     found   of    inestimable    ser-
M'anagcr Lindmark reports that the comas all  the orders the mill can handle, and
!St   testimonial   for   the   class   of   material
out  is   the   satisfaction   expressed   by   its
stomcrs.
t
TIMBER TESTS.
t
o\
tmi
des
s points in the United States there are
leing carried on a number of tests with
of determining the strength of the
bers used for construction purposes
tinent. These tests are being made
direction of the United States Hureau
, and are made for the benefit of lum-
tistruction engineers and scientific
are interested in the strength of dif-
d fibres. The Bureau of Forestry in-
ake tables of the strength of the dif-
ods to which engineers may refer when
sire to know what timbers to use for certain purposes. The tests are being made in cross-
bending and breaking, compression with and
against the grain and shearing. The chief timbers now being tested are Southern pine and red
firs from the Pacific Coast. The timbers are of
the usual grades purchased in the market and
are not selected pieces.
In the Forestry Building at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, there is an exhibit made by the
United States Division of Forestry in which the
strength of large timber is being tested on a powerful machine. This machine catches the popular
eye, but in a frame standing nearby there are
diagrams which tell a story regarding the strength
of   timbers,     containing     various     quantities   of
moisture, which is here told for the first time,
says the "American Lumberman." 11. Donald
Tiemann,  M.E.M.F., of  the   Bureau  of   Forestry,
who has charge of the testing experiments at the
Yale Forestry School, connected with Yale University, gave much of the information herein
embodied.
These tests have never before been published
and no doubt will conic as a surprise to the build
ing world, for how many builders will assert that
the strength of a beam is SO materially increased
as it becomes dry, as is shown by these figures?
It may be a lesson to the builders in the East who
get their framing bills direct from the saw and
put them in place when not only green but water
soaked, the logs being drawn from the ponds
directly on to the saw carriages.
One test was made of yellow pine, the block
measuring 2X2 inches. The vials containing the
liquid extracted from the blocks in their different
stages of dryness are also exhibited, and it is surprising to know how much moisture is contained
in wood that is called dry. The table reads as
follows:
Water   soaked        (13.3 6,720
Green      21.5 ;..>(>o
Fairly dry        [3.2 8,380
Dry         11.0 10,630
Very dry      10.2 11.650
Kiln  dried           5.6 15.-'40
These figures are self-explanatory. Briefly,
laying fractions aside, they show that kiln dried
timber is nearly two and a half times stronger
than that of like dimensions that is water soaked,
and 50 per cent, stronger than that which is called
dry. When it is very dry its strength is increased
nearly 3$ per cent, bv putting it through the dry
kiln.
Tests were made with three yellow pine sticks,
2x2 inches, three and a half feet long, with the
following results:
No. 1, very green, broke with modulus of rupture at 8,764 pounds per square  inch.
No. 2, dry, broke at 11,510 pounds per square
inch.
No. 3, very dry, broke at 12,040 pounds per
square inch.
It will be observed that the percentages do not
vary particularly from those shown in the table.
Although these tests were with yellow pine, Mr.
Tiemann says the law holds good with other
wi k ids.
From these figures it may be learned that when
estimating the strength of wood its degree of
dryness should be taken into consideration, as a
green stock placed where the strength is based
on a dry one would break. On the other hand, we
are taught that when green timbers will support
the required weight the longer the frame stands
the stronger it will become up to the point where
the timber becomes thoroughly dry.
The following table was prepared by Mr.
Edward Mohun, C. !•'... of Victoria, and published
in the Vancouver Board of Trade report, and
will be found of interest to our readers:
B. C. INCORPORATIONS.
The following companies have received certificates of incorporation in  British Columbia:
Wood,   Vallance   Hardware   Co.,   Ltd.,  of  Van
couver; capital, $50,000, divided into 2,000 shares
of $25.00 each,    To  take  over,  buy  or  otherwise
acquire the wholesale and retail hardware business
lately carried on in Nelson, B. C, by II.  Byers
&   Co.
The   British   Columbia   Box  Company,    Ltd.;
capital, $~'5,ooo, divided into 25,000 shares of $1.00
each. To carry on the business of manufacturing,
selling and dealing in boxes, packing boxes, case
and crates, with all its kindred branches. Tn
manufacture and deal in woodenware and in wares
1 if which wood forms a part.
The British Columbia General Contract Loin
pany, Ltd.; capital $50,000, divided into 500 share
of $100 each. To operate and repair docks,
wharves, wart houses, dredging machines and
machinery of all kinds; to build and construct
railroads, etc., and to purchase, take or otherwise
acquire mines, timber lands and timber leases.
Ross & Howard Iron Works Company, Ltd ;
capital, $->50,ooo, divided into _»,5oo shares of $100
each. To acquire and take over from July 1st
the foundry and machinery business now being
carried on bv John Ferrier Ross and James
Howard, in the City of Vancouver, B. C.
LARGE CONTRACT.
Mr. W. A. Gilley, the contractor who con
structed the waterfront switchback roadbed from
the Brunette sawmills at Sapperton to the New
Westminster terminus of the line for the V. W
& V., has been awarded the contract of pile-
driving, etc.. for the extension "f the Great
Northern Railway system on the south side of the
Fraser River. This is an extensive wnrk, anil will
employ a large force of workmen. A very large
number of piles and many thousand feet of
timber will be required.
RE-INSTALLATION  AT SAPPERTON.
Mr. Lester David, the present owner of the
Ross-McLaren mill plant, on the Fraser River, a
couple of miles above New Westminster, has a
gigantic scheme on hand to open up this large
mill fur the first time in fourteen years. With the
full plant in operation, Mr. David says that he will
employ 400 men. He is asking the city for free
light and connection with the water main for lire
protection. The Dominion Government will be
requested to dredge the river chant' ' to a depth
of 25 feet and a breadth of 300 feet. This, so Mr.
David states, will have the support of Mr. G. A-
Keefer, resident engineer for the Dominion public
works. H the river is dredged, a large marine
lumber trade will be opened and one ship will
make two regular trips to San Francisco per
month.
1
v.'
STRENGTH OF BRITISH COLUMBIA TIMBER
Shewing the weights, specific gravities, deflection, breaking and crushing loads of some of the British Columbia woods*.
The pieces tested for traverse strength were ouo inch square, with a span of one loot, supported at both ends and loaded
at the centre. The pieces tested for crushing were rectangular, and twice as long as they were thick. All pieces were
fair average specimens of timber, partly seasoned, but free from knots ami flaws. The results obtained from exceptionally
good or bad specimens are not included in this table.
Pksckii'tion ok Timber
Alder (Alnus rubra) Honiara1
Arbutus (Arbutus Menziesii) Pursh
Birch (Betula papyrifera) Marsh
Cedar (Thuja gig-antea) Nutt
Crab Apple (Pirus rivularis) Dougl
Cyprus (Cham.-eeyparis Nutkacnsis)   Spach
"f'lr, Rod (Pseudotsutfa Dmigrlamii Carriere
Hemlock (Tusga Martensina) Carriere
Maple (Acer Macrophyllum) Pursh
Oak (Quercus Garryana) Dougl
Pine, White (Pinus monticola) Dougl
Spruce (Picea Siuhensis) Carriere
White Thorn (Cratcegrua Doug:la»ii) Lindi
Yew (Taxus Brevitolia) Nutt
u
'£
.*•«
32.16
.T7-57
24-<>.S
50.21
31. a 1
34'
3«-4'
37-4 >
5M3
^7-7'l
25.SS
S«.o4
49- <>.S
■s.
•.S..SO
•S.S47
,6o3j
,4001
.805a
•y>».s
•.145.?
•.V>.?7
•.WW
.H2<X>
■44.S7
•4'.So
.8„S.S
.7863
Mean Deflection in Inches
<*i-.
■°5
.05
.09
.06)
.Of)
. 1
.117
"S7 .1      .117
«33 -«58 -a
.158
.142
• 25
...   11S2 .117
075 ,og i. 114 .119
.      .14    .18    ..
■ ■    .113 .15   .a
.16 1.220 .312 .344 .354
125 .13   .2    ,.25
 '5    ••*      .3
-'.S
..i^.S   ■*.<>
27
■4.SH
.3'
be
hr,
0
he,
.*
-*
n
«
n
M
u
•j
Sti
,feT1
11-3
■" rt
Ui r.
i- rt
i
x. o
/. —
if,
£
ji
«*-.
-
j
lbs.
lbs.
lbs.
(xX>
53°
567
660
630
650
4<x>
45°
4Mi
7(x>
(>H.,
f«(.i
Meancrushing
Load in lbs.
per square in.
420   380 400'
»"'! 55° 580I
550  55° S5o
500  400 473(
440   4211 4»7
Endwise
6500
5900
7000
55<»
59O0
7<H'<,
5 **'
7<KK>
6300
6500
5000
5300
5900
Side
wise
1 joo
161x1
"750
1500
1400
m"
IIXI
1500
IUOO
itxxi
1000
!(«»>
2400
* Now frequently known as Abies D.
[By the courtesy of Edward Mourn, C. E.J
FOR PANAMA CANAL.
It   was  tu  lie  expected  that  as  soon  88
work was commenced on the Panama
Canal by the United States Government,
considerable activity would manifest
itself in lumber circles in the South and
Western States. The work will con
slime many millions of feet of lumber,
and will do much to reduce the stock
in many of the yards of thfe country. The
following dispatch is self-explanatory:
Washington, August 5. A hurry call
for 2,000,000 feet of lumber, mostly
cypress, and 10,000 pieces of piling, was
received by Secretary Murphy, of tin1
Panama Canal Commission today from
the Isthmus. The lumber is to be used
"ii repairing old and constructing new
buildings, ami the piling for canal construction. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
17
B. C. LUMBER INDUSTRY.
As Viewed by an  English  Correspondent-
scribes it as Backbone of Business.
De-
K. E. Osborne, the special correspondent of the
"London Morning Posit," writing on the industry
in  British Columbia, says:
Of late years lumbering has been the backbone
of business in the Province. The demand from
the prairies has created new lumhering centres
in the Kootenay district, where more money is
now paid out to lumbermen than was paid to
miners before the fall in the price of lead. The
great sawmills on the Coast have a never-failing,
ever-growing market on the Pacific. he mills
at Chemainus, on the Island, and at Vancouver
contain every labor saving appliance that has
ever been invented.
The visitor has a queer impression that these
mills are run by their own will power, and that
even the tiniest wheel is an intelligent thing.
Labor is so costly that it does not pay to use
many machines of flesh and blood in these gigantic work-shops. So you stand expectant in
a vast seemingly deserted upper room, and suddenly a large log dripping with sea water pushes
a monstrous blunt head through an opening and
enters reluctantly. The body follows the head
into the room, and lurches forward on a .vlieeled
platform; immediately two crooked iron arms
with talons of steel are thrust up from below and
catch it fiercely and pull it across so that the
blind muzzle faces the throbbing shadow far down
the room. A man on the platform—there is a
man in the room after all—jerks a crank. Platform and pinioned log together speed like a loaded shuttle towards the saw. There is a horrible
screech—a screech of anguish confused with a
whoo-oo of diabolical glee, and a huge slice
bleeding in amber drops is shorn away. The
wail of the blind, mutilated tree lingers long in
the memory; longer still is remembered the
Strange bitter-sweet odor of its bleeding. Tin
shorn plank marches off and down the room
to the yard and pile themselves as at a word of
command. In the place where shingles are made
one constantly meets processions of shapeless
hulks of wood marching in different directions
and sometimes turning corners with awkward
assurance. The timber yards down to the sea-
fords, where great ships, some of them still windjammers, are loaded up for Liverpool, South Africa, India, China. Japan, Chili, Peru, Australia
-snqun: piTBisl nqi ill J3UJO0 pin: >joou A*joAr> piiB
cades of the Pacific.
TIMBER SUPPLY OF THE U. S.
T.B.Walker, the Minnesota lumberman, who has
been gathering statistics on the visible supply of
lumber in the United States, has recently published his findings. In the whole country there
are 100,000,000,000 feet of standing timber, and
of this 625,000,000.000 feet are in California, Oregon and Washington. Of this Oregon has 225,-
000,000,000 feet and Washington and California
200,000,000,000 feet each.
The census of 1000 shows that 26,000,000,000
feet of timber were cut that year. To this Mr.
Walker adds 3,000,000,000 feet cut into shingles,
railroad ties, piles and the like, which makes 29,-
000,000,000 feet cut annually, and 'the rate of cutting it is constantly on the increase. At this rate,
in less than thirty-five years the visible supply of
timber in the United States will have been exhausted.
The three Pacific states have more than half
the standing timber of the country and this explains why railroads are seeking routes into the
timber belts of hitherto considered inaccessible
districts. The best timber of the other states of
the country is practically all cut down, while the
forests of the three Pacific states are comparatively untouched. America has not yet learned
to do without timber; it must be supplied from
somewhere; and California, Oregon and Washington are the states of the nation best prepared to
furnish it.
Statements on that standing in the great lumber
states show the rapidity with which it has been
cut off. Michigan has but 4,000,000,000 feet
standing, Wisconsin 30,000,000,000, and Minnesota
35,000,000,000, while Maine, the training school
of American lumbermen, has but 8,000,000,000
feet.
It may be, however, that 625,000,000,000 feet of
standing timber in the Pacific coast states is more
valuable to the country standing than the dollars
and cents that in the next quarter of a century
will be sent here for it. But the effect that the
denuding of the Western hills is to have upon the
country will be but slightly taken into consideration by those intent upon exploiting the western
foresits. Commerce and industry demand the
timber. The demand will be honored. The
dreamer and the scientist may regret in this generation. Practical men of affairs, however, will
reserve their regrets for the next.
POINTERS FOR MEXICAN TRAD.E
The Victoria "Colonist," on behalf of its numerous readers, recently wrote the  British consul
at the City of Mexico for such information as he
could give relative to prospective itrad« in conjunction with the subsidizing of a line of steamships between British Columbia ports and Mexico,
and the following are some of the important suggestions given:
"I would recommend the study of the 'Exports
declared to the United States,' which is published
by the Bureau of Commerce and Labor in Washington, 1). C; this will give an idea of what Mexico exports to the United States, and, which is
more important, the Pacific Coast trade of Mexico, which is today controlled by the United
States.
"The Pacific ports of Mexico are: *Ensenada,
districto de la Baja California; La Paz, Baja California; Sta Rosalia, Baja California; *Guaymas,
Sonora;   Altata   and   Topolobampo   and   *Mazat-
lan, in Sinaloa; Manzanillo, in Colima; San Bias,
in Tepic; *Acapulso, Guerrero, *Salina Cruz,
Oaxaca; *San Benito, in Chiapas. (At the places
with a star there are British vice-consuls.)
"Guaymas has railway communication through
Sonora to the United States; Salina Cruz with
Mexico City via the Vera Cruz and Mexican railways.
"Exporters to Mexico have to pay particular
attention to Mexican customs regulations, consular invoices, etc.
"Intending traders would do well as soon as
the proposed steamship line is an accomplished
fact, to send a travelling representative to look
over the ground. The new line will meet with
considerable opposition from the German and
American lines, who successfully ousted the
Anglo-Chilian companies, also trom Mexican
port officials, who are "owned" by these lines.
"Wbile Mexico and Canada produce many
similar commodities, yet I believe a grand trade
will result if you are energetic and combine your
energy with care and tact"
SAWMILL AT VALDEZ, ALASKA.
The buzz of the saw will be heard at the mill
in a day or so. The steamer Ragnhild brought
in last Saturday a 100,000-foot raft from Fidalgo
bay. From there the timber men were transferred to Snug Harbor Cove, where they cut a 75,-
ooo-foot raft, which is now waiting to be towed
to the mill. From the latter place the men have
gone into Gravina bay and settled down for the
season, as they will have timber enough there
to keep them building rafts all summer. The
capacity of the mill has been increased so that
20,000 feet can be turned out daily. The drying
kiln is now ready to turn out 20,000 feet of seasoned   lumber   per   week.—"Alaska   Prospector."
Canada has the largest white pine areas left on
the continent.
STATEMENT OF FOREIGN   SHIPMENTS   OF LUMBER MADE BY
TIMBER & TRADING COMPANY, VANCOUVER, B. C,
Date. Name and Rig.
Jan.   17—French  ship  Andre  Theodore..
17—British ship Eskasoni  	
27—German ship Chile   	
29—British   steamer   Peleus	
Feb.    5—British steamer Aorangi  	
6—British steamer Tydeus  	
Mar. 14—German  ship Adolph   	
23—British bark Linlithgowshire   ...
4—British steamer Miowera 	
14—British steamer Ping Suey 	
31—British  steamer Moana  	
Apr.   8—British ship Agamemnon   	
18—British bg. Sussex  	
28—British  ship Belford   	
29—British steamship Aorangi   	
30—British steamship Ningchow  ...
30—British steamship Ningchow  ...
May   3—Am. schooner Lottie Bennett ...
7—Am. schooner Americana	
27—British steamer Miowera 	
31—British steamer Hyson 	
31—British steamer Hyson 	
31—British steamer Hyson 	
June 24—British ship Manuka  	
24—British ship Calchas 	
27—British ship Tartar 	
30—British ship County of Kinross..
July 20—British barque Donna Francesca
20—British str. Aorangi   	
22—British str. Stentor  	
22—British str. Stentor 	
22—British str. Stentor 	
Tons. Destination.
1875   Cardiff, U. K	
1715   Sydney, N. S. W	
2054   Callao	
4800   Kobe, Japan "...
2782   Sydney	
4800   Japan 	
1651    Iquique   	
1357   Freemantle	
1888   Suva,  Fiji  	
4150   Kobe, Japan	
2414   Suva, Fiji	
Hongkong	
1212   Sunderland, Eng	
1771    Sydney,  N. S. W	
Suva, Fiji	
Kobe, Japan	
Hongkong	
496   Junin,  Chile   	
839   Osaka, Japan  	
Suva,   Fiji   	
Devonport, England  	
Hongkong 	
Nagasaki  	
Suva, Fiji 	
Hongkong   	
Yokohama  	
1555   Havre and Calais, France
2163 J Callao. Peru  	
I Suva, Fiji 	
I Kobe, Japan   	
I Hongkong   	
I Hamburg, Germany 	
THE B.
IN 1904.
Feet.
1,584,227
1,430,308
1,806,123
28,070
120,857
196,941
1,369,442
1,125,789
44,029
119.638
35,638
128,588
1,009,440
1,621,165
40,841
42,075
153,700
644,396
1,023,654
25,100
168,017
26,624
70,080
30,716
29,361
21,386
1,308,662
1,700,358
37,935
58,907
28,740
124,812
FOREIGN   LUMBER  SHIPMENTS  FROM   CHEMAINUS.
Date. Name and Rig.
Jan.   26—German bark Hydra 	
Feb. 13—Chilian bark Admiral  Tegethoff
II—British ship Khyber   	
Mar.   7—British steamer Longships  	
22—American bktn. James Johnson..
May 14—British barque Procyon  	
May 30—American bktn. T. P. Emigh ...
Tons.
742
892
1927
2843
992
1995
923
Destination.
Antofagasta
Antofagasta
Freemantle
Shanghai ..
Shanghai  ..
Iquique   	
Melbourne  .
Feet.
573,718
709,901
1,665,319
1,143,785
1,233,870
i,8i9,949
1,204,485
C. MILLS
•
Value.
$22,500 00
19,950 op
21,790 00
1,010 00
3,818 00
4,704 00
14,560 00
11,031 00
870 00
1,400 00
642 00
1,575 00
12,283 00
16,087 00
900 00
841 00
1,817 00
6,710 00
15,465 00
274 00
10,000 00
332 00
1,380 00
474 00
367 00
626 00
25,600 00
19^15 06
695 00
1,178 00
359 00
3,426 00
Value.
|$ 6,682 00
| 8,259 00
I 19,275 00
I 13,687 00
j 15,920 00
20,582 00
I  12,795 OQ 18
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
!
I
AMONG THE MANUFACTURERS
THE MANZEL AUTOMATIC FORCE FEED
OIL PUMP.
The accompanying illustrations show two types
of the Manzel Automatic Force Peed Pumps in
their latest improved form, and a careful perusal
of the accompanying description will be found oi
interest by the trade:
Fig, I is a sectional view of a pump designed to
feed cylinder oil of any specific gravity or viscosity against any steam pressure. It possesses
many advantages over the ordinary sight feed
lubricator, the action of which depends on the
weight of a column of water, usually from two to
feet  high  giving  a   pressure   of  about   one
irougli the
way into
passages.
tve is very
les of dirt
also vary
ig to these
a wasteful
ver-present
complete
scape   the
engineer's attention until too late  to prevent  the
damage.
The Manzel oil pump is actuated by a connection to the valve rod or other convenient reciprocating part '<i the engine and the motion is communicated tn the plungers through a ball clutch
arrangement, thereby securing a positive feed as
long as the engine is in motion.
As may be seen in the cut, the upper plunger
takes oil directly from the reservoir and forces
it through the sight glass; the lower plunger then
forces it through the check valves into the oil pipe
leading to the steam chest or steam pipe. 'Pinfeed is regulated on the upper plunger; screwing
it inwards increases the feed, and outward decreases it. Once it is set to feed at the proper
rate, it will continue to feed at this rate as long
as the engine runs at the same speed, no matter
what changes may take place in the temperature
or viscosity of the oil. If the speed or cut-off
of the engine varies, the feed will vary accordingly. When the engine stops the feed will stop
without any attention from the engineer, and will
start again at the same rate when the engine
starts. These pumps will also feed any grade of
oil with equal facility, which is certainly not tin-
case with ordinary lubricators. If at any time,
whether the engine is running or stopped, it is
desired to give the cylinder a dose of oil, this
may be done by rotating the clutch wheel by
means of a small handle which it carries for that
purpose. It thus does away with the necessity
for a separate hand pump, which is now generally supplied with high-class engines, in addition
to  the  sight-feed  lubricator.
It may safely be asserted that the cylinder oil
bill of the average sawmill may be reduced 30 to
60 per cent, by the substitution of these pumps
for the lubricators now in use.
To meet conditions where it is desired to feed
graphite mixed with oil, the pump shown in Fig.
2 has been designed. This pump differs from the
other only in the addition of an agitating device
driven   from   the  clutch   wheel     as     shown,    and
another filler opening for the graphite. While
the first type will feed a mixture of 1 to 9 of
graphite and oil with success, this one will feed a
mixture of 1  to  1   if necessary.
Both types are made with from 1 to 6 feeds,
each of which is regulated independently, and
in capacities of half a pint to one gallon.
The fact that the ordinary sight-feed lubricator
will not work satisfactorily inside the throttle
valve is often the cause of serious trouble on
double cylinder high pressure engines, since it
necessitates feeding the oil into the main steam
pipe before it branches to the two cylinders.
Almost invariably the oil does not divide equally
and one cylinder gets more than is requited, while
the other gets less, and sooner or later is damaged
for want of it. If sufficient oil is fed to prevent
trouble in the cylinder getting the smaller quantity, then there is a large waste through the other.
For cases such as this, the Manzel double feed
pump is admirably suited, as the required quantity of oil can be fed directly into the steam pipe
as it enters each cylinder, and the control id the
quantity going to each is in the hands of the
engineer.
It is equally suited to compound engines, where
trouble is often experienced in properly lubricating  the  low pressure  cylinder.
These pumps are manufactured by Manzel Bro-
ANCOUVER LUMBER GOMPAHY,
MANUFACTURERS Of ALL KINDS OF
LIMITED
Bough and Dressed Lumber
ill, South End Cambie St. Bridge      u^m     VANCOUVER, B. C.
FIR
WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF LOCAL
AND NORTHWEST TRADE	
SPRUCE
CEDAR
Good Material Reasonable
Prices Prompt Service
HEMLOCK
EQUAL  FACILITIES  FOR  SHIPPING  BY  WATER  OR   RAIL BRITISH  COLUMBIA  LUMBERMAN
19
W. J. SHEPPARD, Waubaushene, Ont., President
J. G. SCOTT, Vancouver, B. C, General Manager
Pacific Coast Lumber Company,
Ltd.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
MANUFACTURERS OF-
Fir, Cedar and Spruce Lumber, Lath, fTouldings, Turned Work, Etc.
HIGH GRADE RED CEDAR SHINGLES
CAPACITY—Saw Mill, 150,000 feet per 10 hours ;   Lath Mill, 25,000 per 10 hours ; Shingle Mill, 300,000 per 10 hours ;  with
ample Planing Mill and Dry Kiln Capacity to Handle our output.
PACIFIC COAST LUMBER COMPANY. LIMITED
SAW MILL
OWNERS. Read this and think what it means to
you. Manzel Automatic Oil Pumps will reduce your
cylinder oil bill 30 to 60 per cent. Require little or no
attention and are a boon to the engineer as well as a
money saver to you. If you are interested write us for
particulars. Pumps supplied on 30 days' trial if required.
Bayfield 8 Archibald,
ENGINEERS,
Molsons Bank Building: Vancouver, B. C.
THE CANADA METAL CO
TORONTO, CANADA
ARE
BABBITT MEN
IMPERIAL, their highest grade, guaranteed
No equal for heavy machinery. •
THIS
SPACE   RESERVED
FOR
SHELDON & SHELDON
GALT, ONTARIO
MANUFACTURERS OF
Lumber Dry Kiln Equipments.
Shop and Kiln
Trucks and Cars.
Shavings Exhaust Systems,
Fans, Blowers, Etc	
WATCH FOR NEXT ISSUE 20
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
I MM
• !
ii
III
thers, Buffalo, New York, who make nothing hut
oil pumps, and hence are specialists in this line.
Bayfield & Archibald, mechanical engineers, Mol-
sons Bank building, Vancouver, are their sole
agents in British Columbia, and will be pleased
to give any further information concerning them.
NATURAL DRAFT LUMBER DRY KILNS.
The great favor which the Moist Air Natural
Draft Lumber Dry Kiln, manufactured by Sheldon
& Sheldon of Gait, Ontario, has met with, in the
short time it has been on the market, is exemplified by the fact that the aggregate capacity of
these kilns at present in operation is over 400,000
feet of dry lumber per day.
This dryer embodies many features new to the
Natural  Draft  Dry  Kiln.    The coils situated between the timbers supporting the rails, extend the
length of the kiln.    The fresh air is admitted
rough ducts placed immediately below the coils
d is compelled to pass through the steam pipes
fore coming in contact with the material to be
d.    These  fresh  air  ducts  extend   about  half
up the length of the kiln.    In this way the
the discharging end of the kiln is dry and
nd subjects the lumber to an intense heat.
ot air, travelling towards the stacks or moist
s at the back of the kiln, carries any moist-
from the lumber, and the lumber, when
ced in the kiln, is subjected to the action
oist hot air or steam,
earning, or sweating process has a very-
action  on  the lumber  as  it  thoroughly
loosens the wood tissues or pores and
lumber, when gradually moved up the
jryer and dryer air,  to commence  the
the centre, preventing any danger of
ing.
lumber is subjected to the action of
without first being steamed or sweat-
great tendency to case harden or dry-
ide and still retain a great deal of
at its centre; it i.s also very liable to
heck.
Bally checking the escape of air at the
ing end of the kiln, by means of dampers in
the opening to the moist air stack, the incoming
volume of air from the fresh air duct displaces the
moist air in the upper portion of the room, which
being projected downward between the sides of
the kiln and the cars of lumber, is, by contact with
the coils, again rarified and once more passes upward through the loaded cars. This constant
descent of moist air at the sides and ascent of dry
air in the centre of the kiln causes two distinct
spiral motions of the air from the discharging end
to the receiving end of the kiln, thus causing a
double circulation through the lower courses, or
what is generally the slowest drying portion of
the car.
When the kiln is first tilled and steam is turned
on the coils, the heat rarities the fresh air admitted through the duct under the coils and it then
takes its natural upward course through the loaded cars. The top course of lumber on the cars is
piled solid and deflects the air sideways. In its
contact with the green stock it absorbs moisture
therefrom, and, j)assing on its natural draft towards the receiving end of the kiln, it absorbs its
quota of moisture from each car of lumber
throughout the length of the kiln.
At the receiving end of the kiln the air is very
dense with moisture and enveloping the cars of
material just placed in the kiln, the dampness prevents the stock from case hardening, warping or
checking.
After a sufficient period of this sweating treatment, one or more ears are removed at the discharging or dry end of the kiln, a like number of
cars of green stock is entered at the receiving end,
and all the cars are moved up one stage. Once
the kiln is filled the process becomes simple and
continuous, it being necessary only to load and
discharge the kiln and keep up the steam supply.
The arrangement of the coils is such as to
render it entirely free from air pockets and ample
and very efficient means are provided for the
drainage of all water of condensation.
By writing to the makers of this lumber dryer,
full particulars and prices can be had.
The Canadian Westinghouse Co., who are erecting large shops in Hamilton, intend to heat their
buildings by the Blast or Fan system of heating
and ventilating. The contractors for the erection
of their buildings, the Westinghouse, Church,
Kerr & Co. of New York city, have placed the
order fur four large fans with Sheldon & Sheldon
of (lalt. The four fans in question have a combined capacity of handling 152,000 cubic feet of
air per minute.
The Tortmto Street Railway Compainy have
recently placed an order with Sheldon & Sheldon
of Gait, Ontario, for two 1S0 inch fans for forced
draft to be used in connection with the Jones
Stokers which they have installed. These, together with the two other fans of the same size
and make, which are recently installed, will makefile largest plant of this kind in Canada. The fans
are of the three-quarter housing type direct connected to engines and have a capacity of approximately 00,000 cubic feet of air per minute each at
two ounce pressure.
Humes, as they find that the saving in water and
repairs quickly compensate them for the small
extra cost ol the wood pipe.
As  a  home  industry  the  making  of wood pin(
in  Vancouver  has  evidently  proved  a  success, .1
the  Canadian   Pipe  Company now employ a stafl
of [8 men, and since our own City of Vancuv.
has  adopted   wooden   pipe   for   the   water  mains,
they   expect   to   double   that   number.     The   Cit<
Engineer   will   soon   have   no  kicking   from   th.
public, as the price rjf wooden pipe  will enabh
him  to  give  a  service  to every  house   within   th.
city  limits,
AN EXCELLENT EXHIBIT.
WOODEN WATER PIPES.
Since commencing the manufacture of wire
wound wooden pipe for water systems in Vancouver in April last. The Canadian Pipe Company have shipped over thirty carloads to British
Columbia, the Northwest Territories, Manitoba
and Vancouver Island, and have 2$ carloads on
their order book still  to be  delivered.
Municipalities and incorporated cities are now-
aware of the fact that they do not require to deny
themselves the privilege of a water system, owing
to the fallacy that iron pipe is indispensable, as
it is now proved beyond a doubt that wood pipe
is the superior in every way, and can be installed
at half the price of iron pipe.
The Canadian Pipe Company's representative
has just returned from a live weeks' business trip
in Manitoba and the Northwest, and he finds the
feeling is all in favor of wood pipe, In such cities
as Calgary and Brandon, where they had so much
trouble last winter with fro/en and broken pipes,
they are in future going to adopt wood pipe, as
the liability to freeze is 30 degrees less, and wood
pipe has never been known to burst.
Mill owners and mining engineers are now universally using wood pipe for the same reason as
municipalities,  and  are  discontinuing   the  use   of
Among the many handsome and interesting ex
hibits in the Liberal Arts Building, at the Louisi
ana   Purchase   Exposition,  we  are  confident  thai
none will be of more interest to our readers thai:
that of Chisel-Tooth Saws shown by the famous
firm of R. Hoe & Co.
It may seem strange that there should be a saw
exhibit in the Liberal Arts Building. R. Hoe &
Co., however, hold a position not only as the first
saw manufacturers in this country, but they art
known throughout the world as the makers of the
famous Hoe Printing Presses. Not wishirvg to
separate their product, everything has been shown
in one place, although the press and saw depart
ments are managed and run independently of one
another.
The exhibit is the largest and unquestionably
the finest in the Liberal Arts Building. It com
prises a large newspaper Web Perfecting Press,
which will print, fold, cut and paste 00.000 4. 6 or
8-page papers per hour, and what is called a
Rotary Art Press, fur tine illustrated magazine
work; also a Two Revolution Press, such as is
used for printing periodicals and books. In addi
tion to the presses mentioned, there is a complete
outfit of stereotyping machinery.
The saws are by ii" means the most uninterest
ing part of the exhibit, and seem to attract the attention and admiration of visitors quite as much
as the more intricate printing presses. R. Hoe &
Co.'s specialty is the inserted-tOOth circular saw.
of which they were the originators and inventors.
These saws have been in use for so many years,
and their superiority over solid saws for almost
every kind of work has been so thoroughly demonstrated, that  there is no need for us to remind BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
*21
our readers of their exceptional merit, and when
we say that there is no liner inserted-tooth saw
made than that manufactured hy R. Hoe & Co.,
we know that we shall he contradicted hy no one.
In finish and workmanship the saws shown are
marvels of mechanical skill and ingenuity.
The accompanying picture shows a small section
of the exhibit. The stand at the left side shows
the name "R„ Hoe & Co." artistically worked
out in hits and shanks. The saw in the middle is
six feet in diameter. On the left of the large saw
is a small solid saw, with the date 1K24 above it
also made with hits and shanks, and fin the
opposite side is a small Chisel-Tooth Saw with
the date 1004 above it.. This shows that R. Hoe
& Co. not only consider the Chisel-Tooth Saw the
circular saw of the twentieth century, but also that
they have been manufacturing saws for eighty
years, quite an enviable record..
There is a round table on which is placed circulars and other literature well worth reading, as
it will prove both interesting and instructive. A
handsome mahogany glass case contains samples
of the different styles and sizes of bits and shanks,
also a complete assortment of saw tools. The
saws, of which there are a dozen or fifteen, varying in size from twelve inches to five feet, are held
in a simple but artistic stand in such a way that
they can be easily removed and shown in detail to
those interested. As R. Hoe & Co. furnish saws
for every part of the known world, they are
obliged to make them in great variety to meet requirements from the hard frozen timber of northern Canada to the gummy southern pine and the
tremendous logs to be found on the Pacific Coast.
There is always a practical man at the exhibit to
demonstrate the uses and advantages of the different sized teeth, and any one interested can obtain much useful information.
Several of R. Hoe & Co.'s friends have been so
pleased with the work accomplished by their saws
that they have sent, not only testimonials, but
samples of the work done by them, showing that
the saws will cut iron as well as wood. Several
of these relics have been exhibited; among others
a horse shoe is shown sliced off by a saw. In some
way the shoe had become imbedded in the tree.
No damage was done the saw, other than the dulling of a few teeth. Another relic has been sent
by Messrs. Chas. Smith, Jr., & Sons, of Mt. Vernon, Indiana.    Their letter reads as follows:
"We cut into a V* inch bolt of iron twice the
other day with your Chisel-Tooth Saw, and did
not injure the saw.    *    *    *
The Hoe establishment is a landmark of New
York City. The buildings stand on somewhat
elevated ground, declining to the water front of
East river. The works face on Grand, Broome,
Sheriff and Columbia streets. The most important
feature is the clock tower, which can be seen from
almost any point on lower Manhattan Island or
Brooklyn. The entire works gives employment to
2,500 men and have a floor area of over fifteen
acres, occupying two blocks in the heart of the
city.
The great demand for the Hoe saw is illustrated
by a review of the work going on in the vast build.
ings. In the saw shops, going from one department to another, we see first an almost endless
line of anvils where in the hands of skilled artisans
multitudes of the saws are being put into shape
under the hammer, after coming from the machines. These saws are of the best steel. The
machines in the manufacture of the plates have
done their work well, but there still remain the
final touches of the expert mechanic to give them
their recognized excellence.
Further on are the punching machines for toothing saws, and then we come to a room where fine
milling machines are engaged in grooving the
shanks or bit holders. The chisel-bit room is
filled with emery grinding machines which finish
the bits. About six millions of these are made in
a year, and as showing the skill and care required,
each one is handled seventeen or eighteen times
before leaving the factory. In the blacksmith
shop are immense trip hammers under which the
chisel-bits are forged at a single blow. The dies
used in these hammers are all made on the premises. Then there are the grinding shops, where
the circular saw grinding machines, made under
patents held by the firm, are in ceaseless opera
tion. .The saws as now made arc guaranteed for
any work from the half-inch feed of a small
country mill to the enormous feeds cut in the
regions of hemlocks, red woods and pines.
R. Hoe & Co. have spared no pains to make this
a handsome exhibit, and certainly deserve the
greatest credit for their patriotism and liberality,
for an exhibit can be of no pecuniary benefit to a
house of their standing.
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#     £egal     •
1XXZXXXZZZZZXZXXZXXXXZIXZZXXZZZZXXZZZXZZZXXXZXZZZZZXXZXZXZXXZ3ZZZZ'.
LUDGATE'S LEASE OF DEADMAN ISLAND
The Full Court delivered judgment at Victoria
on the 30th ulto. in the "cause celebre," Attorney-
General vs. Ludgate. An appeal was taken from
the decision of Mr. Justice Martin who decided
that the title to Headman's Island belonged to the
Province, the Dominion Government being the
appellants. The appeal was allowed without costs,
Chief Justice Hunter dissenting. The case has
been appealed to the Supreme Court of Canada
by the Attorney-General.
NAGLE vs. HARBOR LUMBER CO.
The trial of Nagle vs. Harbor Lumber
Company was concluded some weeks ago at Vancouver. Mr. Davis for plaintiff, Mr. McCaul for
Harbor Lumber Company, and G. S. McCarter
for Empire Lumber Company. The plaintiff entered into an agreement with the defendents to
stake certain limits, he to receive a seventh interest. The suit is brought to enforce this agreement.
The plaintiff in March, 1903. entered into an
agreement with the Fred Robinson Lumber Company to stake certain limits, the plaintiff to receive
one-seventh of the profits to be derived from the
timber on said limits. The Fred Robinson Company became the Harbor Lumber Company. The
Harbor Lumber Company in turn sold its assets,
including the limits in question, to the Empire
Lumber Company, the consideration for the sale
being certain shares in the Empire Lumber Company.
Plaintiff now asks for an account of said sale,
and that the proportion of the amount of shares
be handed over to him, or in the alternative that
the Empire Lumber Company be declared a trustee for his share of the profits to be derived from
the timber limits staked by him.
Mr. McCaul, for defendants, stated that they
would consent to a reference and judgment for
the handing over to the plaintiff of whatever
shares in the Empire Lumber Company should
be found to be his proportion. Mr. Davis contended that they were entitled to their alternative
remedy.
Mr. Justice Drake decided that as the pleadings
stood the only order that he could make wo.uld
be one for a reference; judgment for decree as
consented to; action referred to registrar to take
account; question of costs reserved.
LOGGER IN TROUBLE.
T. X. Gauthier, a logger accused of embezzling
money that was the property of the firm of which
he was a member, has been commtited to stand
trial at the next assize court. Gauthier is accused
of having sold a boom of logs belonging to himself and his three partners, each of whom had a
fourth interest in the logs, and appropriating the
proceeds to his own use. The boom was sold by
Gauthier to Mr. C. S. Battle of the Vancouver
Lumber Company, and two of Gauthier's partners
appeared against him and swore that they bad received neither money nor account thereof. The
transaction took place on June 30th last, after
which Gauthier left for Fhoenix. where he set up
in the saloon business and from where he was
brought to this city by Officer McLean. The
amount accused received for the boom was $779,
only one-fourth of which belonged to him according to the sworn testimony of his partners.
is made of rope
Manila fibre
which   Insures
(treat strength. It
s saturated and
coated with P. &
B. Compound
rendering it durable, odorless and
waterproof.
It is put up In
rolls containing
1000 and 500
square feet, is
easy to handle and
costs no more
than the other
kinds not so good.
Booklet free.
The Paraffine Paint Co.
24 Second Street, San Francisco
Lot Anielei,   Portland,   SeMtlt,   D«»w
18
HENRY   DARLING
Agent for Western British Columbia
and Vancouver Island
18 Powell St.
Vancouver, B. C.
The Gurney Standard Metal Co.,
AGENTS
CALGARY, ALBERTA
•     Patents     •
•♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•♦#♦•♦♦♦•♦♦♦•
SELF-OILING SHEAVE BLOCK.
H. Gilley, of New Westminster, has received
a Canadian patent on an improved self-oiling
sheave block. This block has been especially
designed for use in sustaining the wire rope of a
log haul, the heavy, long sustained work of which
rapidly wears out a sheave of ordinary construction. In Mr. Gilley's block, which is manufactured at the Schaake Machine Works, at New
Westminster, the cast iron sheave having a chilled
groove is cast on an axle of reeled steel which
runs in babbited bearings in wrought iron or
cast steel side plates of special design to suit the
requirements, and having oil cups for purposes of
lubrication. The whole forms a simple, cheap
and efficient sheave block, well calculated to stand
the rough usage which a block of this character
is exposed to, and will commend itself to practical
loggers.
"POWELL-IZED"  TIMBER.
The Powell Wood-Process Syndicate, Ltd., of
Temple Bar House, 28, Fleet street, London, E. C,
who are the patentees of the method of treating
timber known as the Powell or sugar process,
have taken premises at Carpenter's Road, Stratford, E., where they are laying down the necessary plant to demonstrate the commercial possibilities of their system.
The plant consists of tanks to contain the solutions, a cylinder in which the timber is treated,
and drying rooms to which the timber is taken
after treatment. The plan of drying adopted is
the hot air system, with circulating fans. Every
care is being exercised, we are informed, to make
the plant thoroughly efficient and to do the
process justice, as hitherto the conditions under
which it has been worked have been of the
crudest description.
In order that timber users may have the opportunity of examining the results of the process, the
syndicate invite them to send sample parcels of 22
BRITISH COLUMBIA  LUMBERMAN
woods, in the rough, not exceeding live cubic feet
in all, to their works, where they will he Powell-
ized free of charge. The woods should be fully
described and marked, so as to admit of verification and comparison with corresponding samples
of natural woods kept for that purpose by the
senders.
Among the advantages claimed by the patentees
for their process are the following: (i.) It enables
timber to be seasoned rapidly without splitting or
cracking it; (2) it increases the strength, toughness and durability of timber, while lessening its
porosity; (3) it affords resistance to dry rot and
other forms of decay; (4) it improves the appearance of woods used for decorative purposes; (5)
it will.be found highly advantageous to paving
woods and railway sleepers, and (6) by it soft,
sappy and comparatively pom- timbers may be
greatly increased in value and usefulness.—
"Timber Trade Journal."
A NEW SAW TOOTH.
NEW   PROCESS FOR SOLDERING    SAWS.
Mr. John  McLean, an employee of the Canada
ingle  Company, of Vancouver, has received  a
ladian   patent   on   an   improved     tooth   for   a
-off   saw."'     The   tooth   is   a   simpler   one   to
ifacture than any other on the market, main-
its cutting edge for a longer time, is more
[-and simply maintained  in efficient  work-
It, and performs its work cleaner and with
iRi'-nf  side  friction,  although  the   set   is
iperceptible.
|aws have been manufactured by one of
fe firms of sawmakers, but no sale of the
yet  been    consummated, as both  the
the assignee prefer to wait until its
ire practically demonstrated.
|.  McKam,  of  New   Westminster,  has
interest in the patent, and the effici-
saw   is   attracting   the   attention   of
lagers.    We have seen samples of the
by   this   saw,   and   there   seems   little
I when  manufacturing   for  the   market
it will  find a ready  sale.
"Forkor" is a new process for cold-soldering
band saws which has recently been brought out
by Marshall iv. Co., of 0 Southampton Street,
London, W. C. When a saw is broken the two
ends are filed for a length of 3 or 4 teeth, as thin
as possible, and the filed portion coated with the
liquid supplied with the outfit. The ends are then
held over a spirit lamp and rubbed with the stick
tA solder, also included in the repairing set. Tin1
two ends are clamped together and heated till the
solder melts, and are then pressed firmly together.
After the joint is dressed with a file the saw is
ready for use again. We have seen a specimen
of the work done by this process, which appears
to be very effective, whilst the time occupied is
said to be less than half that of brazing, and the
saw can be used at once. Several well-known
firms have already expressed satisfaction at the
results of this invention, for which we anticipate
a successful future.—"Timber Trades Journal,"
London,   Eng.
at Vancouver last week, when he announced thai
construction of the Grand Trunk Transcontinental
Railway would be begun simultaneously in th,
East  and  West.   He  is thus reported by  the Van
couver "Daily News-Advertiser";
"I   have   the   pleasure   to   tell     you     that   I   an
waiting for tlie arrival of Mr.  Hays to proceed t..
Port Simpson and those other points and considei
which will be most  favorable  for the terminus ol
this   great   enterprise.    The   surveys   have   beet
almost  completed,  and  it  is  the  intention of thi
authorities  of  the   Grand  Trunk   Pacific   Railway
to  begin  construction   at  both   ends  of   the  line,
from   Winnipeg     west     and     the     Pacific   Coasl
towards Winnipeg.    And it is the intention of th.
Government,   who   have   the  control  of   the  con
Struction   from   Winnipeg   to   Moncton,   to   begin
construction from Winnipeg east and from Monc
ton west.    This question has been  finally settled,
and the l.aurier Government, if it ever disappear-.
will  be  known  as  having given  to the  Dominion
ni Canada the largest and most important enter
prise of the century."
FRASER VALLEY TRAM LINE.
RAILROAD  RUMORS  IN  THE  INTERIOR.
The Kettle Valley Railway Company has an
engineering corps in the field surveying the proposed extension up the north fork of the Kettle
River, in the Boundary district. This projected
railway will afford transportation facilities tn a
rich mining region, including Franklin Camp, 45
miles north, where a big strike was recently made
on the McKinley claim. The project has been
voted a subsidy of $6,400 a mile by the Dominion
Parliament for the first 50 miles.
The Kettle Valley Company has a charter
authorizing it to extend from Grand Porks to
Vernon and the Nicola coal fields and Spence's
Bridge, via Franklin Camp and hire Valley. It
is probable that the remainder of the line will be
built after the completion of the franklin Camp
section.
Welcome information to the coast district of
the Province was conveyed by Hon. Mr. Prefon-
taine in his speech before the Liberal Association
The Chilliwack Council is considering a pro
position which ,if carried to a successful conclusion, will mean great things for the development
of the garden of the Praser, as well as for the
entire Lower Mainland. The offer is made bj
Mr. R. liiirtt Morgan, formerly of Rossland, and
now representing a syndicate of capitalists of
Grand Porks, P.. C. In brief, the proposition is
as follows; To construct an electric light and
power plant, using the Vedder Creek as a supply
for the necessary water power. This will include
a tramway running from Chilliwack to New Westminster. 'I'he franchise is for -'5 years, with the
privilege of a renewal fur another 25- It is to be
exclusive for 20 years. The result of the negotiations will be eagerly watched for by all the
residents of the Fraser Valley.
WASHINGTON
Logging Engines
Embody the latest improvements suggested by practical loggers. They are
strongest and most durable,  requiring least attention and  fewest  repairs.
BUILT IN ALL SIZES, SINGLE, DOUBLE and TRIPLE DRUMS
Patent steam friction, Turner's patents, and our new lock lever friction devices. Over 750 Engines now in use in Washington, Oregon, California, British Columbia, Alaska, Nicaragua and the
Philippines.      Write  us  your  requirements and  we  will send complete specifications and prices.
Washington Iron Works Go.
SEATTLE,   WASH. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
•23
MACHINERY
Engines and Boilers
SAW   MILL   MACHINERY
PLANING MILL MACHINERY
SASH AND DOOR MACHINERY
We can offer you a better selection than any
other dealer in America.
J. L. NEILSON & GO. Winnipeg
H. CAMERON, Manager
DONALD GRANT, President
MOVIE,  B. C-
MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF H
j  I
flooring, Ceiling, Siding, Ship Lap,
Common Boards, Dimensions and Lath
SPECIALTY:
MOUNTAIN TAMARAC
NOTE-SPECIAL ATTENTION TO
MANUFACTURE
A WINNIPEG EXHIBIT.
There are few exhibits that have attracted more
attention or have been visited by larger and more
interested crowds than the row of houses manufactured by the Hritish Columbia Mills, Timber
& Trading Company, of Vancouver. It was one
of the first to interest sightseers when the Exhibition opened, and it has continued to hold the
attention of the public with everrincreasing
interest. It is situated to the left of the colonnade, from which entrance is gained to all the
Exhibition buildings, and consists of five ready
made patented houses set upon an elevated platform 42x160 feet. The first house that will catch
the visitor's eye is a town cottage'24x38, of four
rooms, pantry and closet. The second, third and
fourth are settlers' cottages, 12x20, 12x16: and
16x20 respectively, containing one, two and three
rooms of suitable and convenient size. In order
to fully understand the practical utility of these
houses  and  to demonstrate  their adaptability to>
_ the needs of so cold a climate as that of Manitoba
and the Northwest, it will be best to describe in
detail the method of construction. These houses
are built in sections, tightly joined by an interlocking joint which makes them rigid, close-fitting and impervious to wind and cold. The walls
are built of three-inch angle siding, tar-paper,
backing and air space, which is formed by stud--
ding. They are lined inside with 34-inch lumber,
then counter lathed and plastered. The plaster
casings are so planned that the plaster comes
flush, at the same time making a tight joint with
the window frame, which is tongued and grooved
and which is absolutely free from seams or cracks.
In places where plaster cannot be obtained or
used to the best advantage, cheesecloth or paper
will be found quite practicable.   The roof is close-
, sheeted with shiplap covered with tar paper and
shingled with British Columbia shingles. The
floor i.s double boarded, with tar paper between.
The buildings are constructed with a view to providing  people  in  both  city  and  country  with   a'
. house easily  and  quickly constructed, combined
: with .perfect comfort and good taste.; The houses
arc built throughout of British Columbia material,
are finished with stained shingles with cream trimmings, while the roof is stained green, the whole
presenting a very artistic appearance.
The artistic effects of these buildings have
created the impression that they are only intended
for summer use, but a careful inspection of the
models, describing the various joints used in their
construction, will thoroughly demonstrate their
adaptability to a cold country, and should not in
any way be confounded with the portable house,
which has proved to be very unsatisfactory in cold
climates.
I j   In  addition  to  the  street  of houses  there  is  a
' Unique exhibit of immense blocks of British Columbia woods, and two plarjks measuring four
inches in thickness by four feet three inches in
width. There are also specimens of the various
classes of timber which grow in the forests of the
; Coast Province The sections exhibited are'of
immense size, and have been cut from the mam-
1 moth trees of British Columbia.—Winnipeg
"Telegram."
OTTAWA LUMBERMAN DEAD.
Ottawa, August 5.—Alexander Lumsden, ex-
M.L.A., of Ottawa, dropped dead at his residence
in this city, at noori today. He was a millionaire
lumberman.
Canada exported in  1903, $36,000,000 worth   of
forest product.
Canada has, it is estimated,   a   million   square
miles of standing timber.
^7h. vogel-
ENGINEER
(A. M. Can. Soc. C. E.) OTTAWA, CANADA
Surveys, Plans, Specifications and Supervision
WATER POWER
Paper,   Pulp and Sulphite Fibre  Mills
RENTS COLLECTED
. EXPERIENCED VALUATOR
W. T. FARRELL
GENERAL   AGENT,   REAL   ESTATE   AND
INSURANCE  BROKER
Timber Lands, Farms, Business & Residential City Property
...FOR SALE...
Special Attention Given to Selling and Renting House and Store Property
Doom 17, Fairfield Bldg., 433 Granville St., Vancouver.
N. A. MCKINNON
Timber  Cruiser and  Valuator.
Twenty years' experience in the woods.
References.
280 HOWE STREET
VANCOUVER, B. C.
P. O. Box 602 Storage
GEO. H. COTTRELL
FORWARDING  AGENT.
Warehouse, 139 Water St.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Special attention given to distribution
of Carload Frelarht
•JOHN J. GARTSHORE
83 Front Street, West TORONTO, ONT.
OPR.   QUEEN'S   HOTEL
RAILWAY AND TRAMWAY EQUIPMENT
New and Second-hand Rails for Railways,
Tramways, &c   Contractors' Supplies, Ac
WANTED ANP FOR SALE
•   ■   ;       '''' k     .-^■t    ■• .:' •  1      •..       jj
Advertisments will be inserted in this department
at the rate of 10 cents per line for each insertion, payable in advance.
WANTED — First-Class Cedar Logs. Apply at
Mill No. 2,> Hastings §hjngle Manufacturing Company,
Vancouver, B. C.
LOGS WANTED.—Wanted to buy cedar, Aland spruce logs taken off Crown granted lands
Apply to J. S. Emerson. Vancouver.
WANTED.—Up-to-date filer from the East Is
open for engagement; can handle either circular Or band saws; preTer band saws in first-class
fast cutting mill. Address "Filer," c.o. B. C.
Lumberman.
WANTED.—Partner with $i5.obrj to engage in
sawmill business. Limit contains 106,000,000
cedar, about 75 miles from Vancouver, on salt
water; good water power. Also other timber
limits for sale. Address "Millman," c. o. B. C.
Lumberman, Vancouver, B. C.
-POSITION WANTED—Bookkeeper in lumber
mill, 16. years' experience. Best of references.
Apply A. B.. C^ cafe B. C. Lumberman.
FOR SALE—Shay Logging Locomotive, about 13
tons, 4-foot gauge; Wheels and Axles for Loggfng
Cars, same gauge; 30 Logging Cars, Russel type,
capacity 2,000 to 3,000 feet of logs, 3-foot gau£?
Immediate delivery ; low .price. John J. Gartshore.
83 Front Street West, Toronto, Ont. i \
WANTED.—QUOTATIONS on red cedar, 6/2,
i6in. Shingles. All kinds of fir, spruce afvd
cedar lumber, sash, doors, mouldings and other
mill work- Address sflme to H. N. Clausen,
Dauphin, Man., agent for H. J. Haskamp, Sit.
Cloud,  Minn.    Special   quotations  confidential.
FOR  SALE.
Saw Mill, Planing and Lath Mill.
. In one of the most favorable positions in
B. C. making over $2,000 per month profit ; price, $30,000; terms, $10,000 casfy
"balance on' time. * Illness of oWrter cause
of sale.    Apply
BOX   "W,"   CARE   OF   B.   C.    LUMBERMAN
WANTED.
We handle on commission all sorts of British
Columbia Lumber and Shingles, manufactured ajnd
rough..  Please.quote, prices .f.o.b, Toronto..  (
THE FUEL & LUMBER CO.,
77 Adelaide St. Bast
TORONTO, ONTARIO 24
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
RED CEDAR LUMBER CO.
LIMITED
MANUFACTURERS  OF
Fine Cedar Lumber
and Shingles ....
TELEPHONE B334 P. 0. BOX 322
Orders Solicited and Correspondence Promptly Attended to
POWELL STREET ...VANCOUVER, B. C.
British Columbia Cedar Shingles
HAVE A WORLD-WIDE REPUTATION
You Want None but the Best
Then Place Your Orders With i_i^r
JOSEPH CHEW
SHINGLE   MANUFACTURER
Vancouver, British Columbia
UMAX MANUFACTURING CO.,
CORRY, PA,
BUILDERS OF
Geared Locomotives and Logging Cars.
Built on Modern Locomotive Principles
ood and Steel Track Where Great Tractive Power and Flexibility are Required,
pecially on Steep Grades and Sharp Curves.   Write for Catalogue and Prices.
. RAYMOND, Agent,
64   Starr=Boyd Building, Seattle, Wash.
Timber Limits For Sale.
We have licensed land along the coast close to salt
water carrying Fir and Cedar.
We have leased land running for 21 years, from
May, 1902. Rental, Ten Cents per acre, carrying Cedar, Fir
and Spruce.   Also  Crown  Granted  Lands.
The above are amongst the best buys in the Province.
Limits estimated by competent cruisers.
MACKINNON, FERGUSON & CO.,
421 GRANVILLE ST.
VANCOUVER, B. C. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
VANCOUVER ENGINEERING WORKS, Ltd.
ENGINEERS
Works: Heatley Avenue
Sole Agents in British Columbia
for
"AMERICAN BLOWER CO."
MAKERS' OF THE
"A. B. C." Steel Plate Exhaust Fans-
These Fans are applicable to the removal of Shavings
and Sawdust from Planers and Matchers	
They constitute a great saving in the cost of labor,
and lessen considerably the risk of fire	
SEND US YOUR SPECIFICATIONS AND WE WILL QUOTE YOU PRICES
VANCOUVER. B. C.
The Wm. Hamilton Mfg. Co., Ltd
Head Office, PETERBOROUGH, ONT.
ENGINEERS AND CONTRACTORS
SBB9SBB9
sa
...MANUFACTURERS OF...
SAW MILL MACHINERY
Water Wheels, Mining & Pulp Mill
Machinery, Shafting, Gearing, Etc.
WRITE FOR CATALOGUES.
C. N. CORNELL, Agent, Mackinnon Bldg., VANCOUVER ii.
1
\ i
!
It
J! i
Hi    I
ly
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
BELTING
PERFECTION
BRAND
BELTING
SPECIAL.   QUALITY    FOR
\
Planers and Shingle Machines
SEE  OUR  STOCK  AND  BE   CONVINCED. ...
PRICES  AND  SAMPLES  UPON  APPLICATION
FULL STOCK OF KjACHINERY ALWAYS ON HAND
THE FAIRBANKS COMPANY
and Store, 153 Hastings St.   VANCOUVER, B. C.   Machinery Warehouse, Powell St.
K» ♦ ♦ »W^r^^^^^^^r^*r*****rV***d**rW*rW
,
THE
Canadian Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd
PORT MOODY, B. C.
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in All Kinds of
B. C. LUMBER, LATH, MOULDINGS, Etc
The Largest Shed and Dry Kiln Capacity of any Mill In British Columbia.
special Attention Given to orders Address the Company at Port Moody, or
from Manitoba and the Territories BYRNES ft CUDDY, Selling Agents, WINNIPEG

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