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British Columbia Lumberman Jul 30, 1904

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 Britisb Columbia lumberman
PUBLISHED  EVERY  MONTH
D.  TODD LEES,   -   -   -   -   Business Manager
Office, Room 2, Pender Block. Granville Street, Vancouver, B. C,
Telephone 1196 P. O. Drawer '.lis
Terms of Subscription (Payable in Advance)
One year, Canada or the United States $ 1 00
One year, Foreign Countries    1 50
Advertising Rates on Application
Correspondence bearing; upon any phase of the lumber industry
will be gratefully acknowledged, and discussion upon trade subjects
s invited.
To our Advertisers.-   The British Columbia Lumberman
has a guaranteed circulation of '2.U00 copies, It will be found in
every mill, lumber manufactory, logging camp, etc., in the Province
and Puget Sound, besides all dealers in lumber in the Northwest and
Canada generally. To lumber manufacturers) lumber dealers and
machinery makers no better medium has ever been offered in the
West.
m^^, Versons correspondinq with advertisers in the Viritish
Columbia Lumberman will confei a favoi by giving the journal
ctedit foi such couespondence.
VANCOUVER, B. C, JULY, 1904.
During; the month of June and the early part
of this month forest fires have done an immense
amount of damage in different parts of the Province, and scarcely any section has been immune.
It is time some action was taken in the matter of
a fire wardency system by the Provincial Government.
"Buy lumber now, because the market is in
favor of the buyer," says the American Lumberman. The advice we consider well timed. Dealers
and others in the Northwest will remember the
unfortunate conditions existing last fall, from
lack of car facilities, and the inabilty of the mills
to get lumber forward. It is safe to say that the
condition will be much worse this year. From
crop prospects, Manitoba and the Territories will
have a record year, and the lumberman and dealer
know they must take a "back seat" to the requirements of the wheat grower, while no increase has
been made in the rolling stock of the railways.
The consequence will be that if the dealer waits
till fall before sending; in his orders, he will have
a poor chance of having; his goods delivered.
Transportation facilities and the lumber market
are in favor of the dealer now.—A word to the
wise.
FOREST FIRES AND RAILROAD
BUILDING.
The Canadian Forestry Association is placing
itself on record in regard to the prevention of
forest   fires.     Resolutions   emanating   from   that
Association were published in our last issue.
Copies of these resolutions were sent .out to the
Department of Railways in Ottawa, and in reply
the Department says that it fully appreciates the
importance of every precaution to prevent such
tires in connection with the surveying of the
railway.. The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway
Company, acknowledging the resolution, says it
has their full sympathy, and that their engineering
department has been instructed to do what they
can. A similar reply has been received by the
secretary of the Association from C. M. Hays,
general manager of the Grand Trunk Railway,
in reply to a copy of the resolution which was
sent direct to him.
The Ontario Government has also adopted a
clause to be inserted in all agreements of railway companies building lines through the newer
districts of the Province. It is as follows: "It is
hereby agreed that wherever the line of construction of said railway runs through lands of the
Crown which are not covered by timber license,
and the Government deem it proper for the protection of the forest wealth adjacent to the line
of construction to place on duty a staff of fire
rangers for the protection of timber, it shall be
at liberty to do so, and all expenses incurred
thereby, whether for or in respect of men's
wages, or any other services, shall be borne and
paid by said railway company."
It would be in keeping with  the  times if the
British  Columbia   Legislature  would  incorporate
into   all   agreements   it   makes     with     railroad
charterers similar provisions to the foregoing. By
such action no serious hardship is inflicted upon
railroad     builders,     while     infinite     good     will
undoubtedly result to the Province. We would
go  further, however, than including only Crown
lands, not covered by timber license, but would
make the clause operative upon all timber lands
no matter whether occupied or not, as destruction of such lands by fire would be a loss to the
Government in any event.
THE LOGGERS' POSITION NOT AN ENVIABLE ONE.
Elsewhere in this issue will be found an appeal
of the Coast loggers of British Columbia to the
people of the Province. Many of the arguments
used in the appeal are good—in as far as the
logger himself is concerned—while others are very
poor, and instead of obtaining the  sympathy of
the milimen, as would be expected, assertions are
made against the manufacturers which are both
unjust and unwarranted.
We have much sympathy for the loggers in
their troubles, but fear that there is little chance
of relief from the source to which they look.
Their case would undoubtedly have had the attention of the Government had conditions ;n the
revenue department been as opponents of the
Government at one time predicted. Today,
instead of there being a deficit from logging
licenses, leases and stumpage dues, there is a
considerable surplus over the estimates. From
this fact alone, it is evident that the Province has
lost nothing by the change in the laws affecting
the lumber industry, and the hands of the Government are thereby greatly strengthened in the
policy which it adopted in regard to the logging
business.
Notwithstanding the efforts of the loggers to
get a repeal of the export duty on logs in order
to give them a market into the States, we maintain that the principle of the export from any
country of the raw material tends to ruin that
country, as it is a drain on its natural resources,
without sufficient compensative advantages. In
this case it seems to us suicidal. We have complaints made that the Northwest is getting the
surplus of the American mills to the disadvantage
of our British Columbia mills. The free export
of logs from this country, while not materially
benefitting us, would simply be a contribution
from us of so much more material for the continuance of the unfair competition. An instance of
the disastrous effects of shipping the raw material
from the country may be seen in Norway, which,
until quite recently, did very little manufacturing.
Their forests have for generations been depleted
to supply outsiders, and while draining the
country of its natural wealth in this way, the compensation was not great enough to allow of the
expansion of their population. At this later day,
however, they have begun to realize the advantage of retaining all the profit, leading to the production of the finished article, and they are now
enjoying a period of prosperity never before
known in their history.
It is unnecessary to go outside of our own
country, however, for examples of the disastrous
effect of shipping our raw materal, as in Ontario,
after years of experience in the deportation of
logs to Michigan, the Government saw the evils I
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BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
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flllis-Chalmers Company
, SUCCESSOR   TO	
The Edward P. Allis Co., Fraser & Chalmers Co., Gates Iron Works, Dickson Mfg. Co.,
MILWAUKEE, WIS. CHICAGO, ILL. CHICAGO, ILL SCRANTON, PA.
WE ARE THE LARGEST BUILDERS OF MODERN HEAVY PACIFIC COAST
SAW  MILL  MACHINERY.
PLANS AND ESTIMATES MADE FOR UP-TO-DATE PLANTS.    We give you the benefit of forty years of our experience.
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WE CAN APPLY THEM TO YOUR OLD EDGER
Seattle Office, 505 Lumber Exchange.
H. S. MITCHELL, Manager
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MERSHON
RE-SAWS
BRANCH OFFICES
NEW YORK, Empire Building
BOSTON, Board of Trade Building
PITTSBURG, Frick Building
MINNEAPOLIS, Corn Exchange Bldg.
DENVER, 1649 Tremont St.
SALT LAKE CITY, 209 S.W. Temple
SPOKANE, Washington
GENERAL OFFICE
CHICAGO, ILL., U. S. A.
LONDON, ENG., 533 Salisbury House.      JOHANNESBURG, South Africa.
BRANCH OFFICES
SAN FRANCISCO, Hayward Bldg.
SEATTLE, Lumber Exchange Bldg.
CHARLOTTE, N. C, Trust Bldg.
NEW ORLEANS, Hennen Bldg.
ATLANTA, GA., Equitable Bldg.
BUTTE, MONT., 51 E. Broadway BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
3
of the system, and now it is a thing of the past,
and that Province is reaping the benefits. When
a sound policy is once decided upon, it should
not be departed from on account of unusual conditions that may from time to time be incidentally
developed.
We are strongly of the opinion that the main
reason to account for the present conditions is
the fact of overproduction. Every time there is
a spurt in the lumber business it attracts perhaps
undue attention. Both capitalists and loggers
with limited capital rush in, and the demand is
soon caught up with, and as there is only a market
of a certain magnitude to supply, a surplus of
lumber and logs accumulates, with the usual consequences.
While we appreciate the fact that, at the
moment, from the conditions of the logging
industry as set forth, a very considerable amount
of money, in material, wages and supplies, may be
lost, still, looking to the best interests of the
Province, we contend that no repeal should be
made by the Government of the embargo on logs.
Our neighbors across the line are ready to take
full advantage of any concessions which might be
made, and what might be a gain in one instance
would be an irreparable loss in another, and that
loss very much greater in comparison to what
the loggers might now lose.
In a speech before the Hoard of Trade in Victoria the Hon. R. G. Tatlow is reported in the
"Colonist" to have said in connection with the
foregoing:—"It was considered by the Government that it was in the best interest of
the Province to encourage the manufacture of
lumber    here  by  prohibiting the export of logs.
and, as a result, a large number of mills had been
established in different parts of the Province, and
the Government intends to adhere to that policy."
BRITISH    COLUMBIA    AND    THE    PULP
INDUSTRY.
That there is a great future in the industry for
the transformation of our spruce, and smaller
firs, into pulp, for 'the manufacture of paper,
has long been recognized. Until, however, within
the last two years, very little practical use was
made of the knowledge that we possessed within
our great forest areas, immense tracts of spruce,
and other timber admirably fitted for this
purpose.
Two causes materially contributed to the
apparent lack of attention to the development of
this industry; the main one being the great concentration of capital and interests involved in the
lumber industry with its hundred mills which
manufacture annually many million feet of
lumber; the other cause being probably the uncertainty of the markets for the product among
our Pacific and Oriental neighbors, now, however, better understood.
We are now at last alive to the importance of
pushing as quickly as possible, the development
of the pulp industry. As greater knowledge of its
possibilities has given birth to the conclusion
that within the next decade it may equal in
importance and in capital invested, the great
lumber industry itself, and with probably the
employment of an equal amount of labor. Four
companies have taken advantage of the liberal
regulations   governing   the   manufacture   of   pulp
and paper, and others are preapring to follow
suit. The companies now incorporated for the
manufacture of this pulp are as follows:
The Oriental Power & Pulp Company have
erected extensive works at Swanson Bay and
have secured and had surveyed some 83,000 acres
in the vicinity of their mills and on Princess
Royal Island. This company by the terms of
their lease, must be in a position to ship 50 tons
of pulp per day by July 1st, 1905.
The Island Power Company:—Incorporated
May ioth, 1904, have been granted a reserve
from which to select their lands, as
follows:—Port Neville, 20 square miles; near
Chatham Point, 6 square miles; Beaver Inlet, 9
square miles; McBride's Bay, 9 square miles;
Phillips Arm, 8 square miles; Upper Campbell
Lake, 36 square miles; Buttles Lake, 20 square
miles.
Bella Coola Development Company:—Situated
at Bella Coola. Some 20,000 acres of land have
already been secured in the vicinity of their proposed mills on the mainland and adjacent islands.
Incorporated May 18th, 1904. E. Dewdney,
Attorney for Company.
Quatsino Pulp & Power Company:—Situated
at Quatsino Sound. The company control 100
square miles of pulp and timber lands lying
between Quatsino Sound and Broughton Straits,
reserved two years ago; have let contract for
wharves, sawmill, pulp mill, etc., capacity of
sawmill to be 50,000 feet per day, the pulp mill
to be able to turn out 65 tons of pulp per day.
Initial expenditure to be $150,000.00. Capita!,
$500,000.00.
A   very    important     factor   in   the   successful
The A. R. Williams Machinery Co., Limited
TORONTO,   ONTARIO
Have the following Engines in Stock for Prompt Shipment:
No.
10928
8072
11(114
11 S.V.I
11037
11'.'(12
10340
8842
8240
0666
8857
0252
11111
11016
AUTOMATIC ENGINES.
I(ix3f> in. Woodruff &   Beach make, horizontal engine,
Corliss  type.
18x18 in. side   crank   engine,   Robt.   Bell   make, new
12x14  in.  Engine,  Atlas   Engine Works  make,  new.
lllxll) in.  Root.    Bell   make,   new.
Iilxld  in.   Robt.   Hell  make,  new.
(!',•$ x8   in.   horizontal   automatic   engine,   second   hand.
6x6   in.   vertical  automatic  engine,  second   hand.
5x7   in.   vertical  automatic  engine,  second   hand.
4x8   in.   horizontal  automatic  engine.
HORIZONTAL  ENGINES, NEW
Stevens
Mfg.   Co.
I
11866
11)518
112411
10866
3331
1(18115
11358
110711
9366
1.085
11(121
3875
114(1(1
5730
1(1x18 in. centre   crank   engine
make.
12x14  in. side crank  engine,   Stevens   Mfg.  Co. make.
10x12  in. class  A.  engine,  Orr &  Sembower   make.
9)4x12  in. Comstock   Mfg.   Co.   make.
8 &•  14x10   in.   compound   engine,   llardell   Compound
Engine make.
IORIZONTAL   ENGINES,    SECOND    HAND,
THOROUGHLY   REFITTED.
10x21  in.  horizontal engine.
15i/jx20   in.   horizontal   engine.
14x21   in.   horizontal  engine.
13x17 in.  Killey make engine.
12x24  in. horizonlal  engine.
12x24  in.  horizontal  engine.
12x18 in. horizontal engine.
12x10  in.  horizontal  engine.
12x12  in.  Leonard  make   engine.
10x14   in.  horizontal  engine.
10x12  in. horizontal engine.
0x20  in.  horizontal  engine.
9x16  in.  Goldie  McCullogh  make,  engine.
0x12  in.  horizontal  engine.
No.
(1544
10010
10720
11018
10860
4720
10988
10447
11510
1015
11017
758(1
0034
11435
31(10
11241
820(1
5127
10204
0700
0130
11019
11701
11820
11520
11342
1144(1
(1003
0307
11170
7835
8508
6081
HORIZONTAL   ENGINES-Continued
sy2\io
8x10 in.
8x12 in.
8x11 in.
8x10 in.
n.   horizontal  engine,   Waterous   make.
horizontal engine.
horizontal  engine.
horizontal  engine.
Abell make, engine.
7^x12   in.  horizontal  engine.
7x0 in.  horizontal engine.
(>>4xl2   in.  horizontal  engine.
6x10  in.   horizontal  engine.
(1x8  in.   horizontal  engine.
5J/;xl2   in.  horizontal  engine,
(ixd in.  horizontal engine.
5x10  in.  horizontal engine.
5x7  in.   horizontal  engine.
4x0Vt   in.  horizontal engine.
4x4  in.   Leonard make.
4x4  in.   Leonard engine.
25 h.p.   Dake engine.
VERTICAL ENGINES.
0x12  in.  vertical  engine,  second  hand.
8x8 in.  vertical engine, second hand.
7x10  in.  vertical engine, second  hand.
7x10  in.  vertical engine, second  hand.
7x7  in.   vertical  engine,  second  hand.
5x6  in.   vertical engine, second  hand.
(1x0  in.  vertical engine,  second  hand.
5x(l in.  vertical engine, second hand.
6x6  in.  vertical  engine, second  hand.
5x6 in.  vertical engine,  second hand.
5x5  in.  vertical engine, second hand.
4x4  in.   Doty engine.
3x4  in.   vertical  engine, second  hand.
3x4 in.  oscillating engine, second hand.
Westinghouse high speed engine,  second  hand.
No. MARINE ENGINES.
9715 3 3-10 & b'/ixo  in.  fore and aft    compound    marine
engine,   Davis   Dry   Dock  Co.  make,  new.
8339 10x10 in. marine engine   second hand.
8057 12x14 in. marine engine, second hand.
8529 12x12 in. marine engine, second hand.
9381 8x8 in. marine engine, second hand.
11213 (>x(i in. marine engine, second hand.
(1143 5^x7 in. marine engine, second hand.
3842 4x(i in. marine engine, second hand.
7129 4x4 in. marine engine, second hand.
PORTABLE  ENGINES  AND  BOILERS.
9130    8)4x10 in. portable E. & B., Marsh & Henthorn make,
new.
7251    8x12   in.   Abell.   portable,   second   hand.
1938    12  h.p., Champion, portable   second  hand.
3180    12  h.p.,  Cornell,   portable,   second  hand.
3363    5x10 in. Abell, portable, second hand.
GASOLINE ENGINES.
11520    12   h.p.,   gasoline  engine,   New  Gasoline   Engine   Co.
make.
11064    6 h.p. gasoline engine. Stovel Engine Works mak<\
8965    3  h.p. gasoline engine,  new,  A. W.  McGuire make.
10154    3 h.p. gasoline engine, second hand.
GAS ENGINES.
8953    4 h.p. gas engine, second hand, Otto Silent type.
4403    2   h.p.  gas  engine,  second   hand,  Otto   Silent type.
HOISTING ENGINES, NEW.
6652    7x10 in. double cylinder, single drum, Robertson Bros.
make.
XW    7x10   in.   double   cylinder,   double   drum   engine,   with
boiler.
11146    20 in. drum, single drum hoisting engine.
Note—Look out for our List of Wood Working Machinery in next issue. , j, .
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BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
operations of this industry will be the abundance
of water power so generously distributed throughout the Province; near almost every point, suitable for the establishment of pulp mills can be
found more than sufficient water power always
permanent in its head and unaffected by extremes
of climate.
Taking this into consideration, together with
the great abundance of raw material, and the
opening of the Panama Canal in the near future.
the markets will be so extended that not only
■will we have those of the Pacific Coast, but we
shall be successful competitors with the mills in
the Eastern States and Canada at their own
doors,  as  well  as  in   Europe,
The knowledge of the location of the most
available and extensive limits for the purpose
of the pulp manufactured is not so easy to obtain
as would be imagined from the great extent of
territory they cover. This is generally the asset
of the professional timber cruiser, who is ready
to dispose of the information at a price depending upon the quality and extent of the area, and
ijts practical value to the purchaser, his, the
user's, experience giving him a pretty close
Dnception of this. Approximately, however, the
lowing may give some idea of the extent of
spruce and younger fir lands which will be
first to be selected for pulp manufacture:—
|p Queen Charlotte Island, there are approxi-
Uy one-half million acres heavily timbered
|e lands contiguous to the Coast, with the
Bary water power in close proximity; in the
jr of this island is much more of the same
•of timber, which will be utilized later on.
Knight's Inlet, on the northern side, can
lund much fir timber, but to the south of
llet a large spruce and hemlock belt extends
.some miles, with probably several hundred
isand acres suitable for this purpose, and all
Be to salt water.
Jin the Coast district, at Owekana Lake, are
tensive spruce lands, in fact, it is stated that
there are millions of acres of mixed spruce and
fir timbered lands, much of which will average
500 cords per acre, well fitted for the manufacture of pulp, either chemical or mechanical.
Again on Vancouver Island, in the western parts
of Sayward and Rupert districts, and in Northern
Nootka district we have an extent of spruce lands
totalling well up to a million acres, and in many
cases in close touch with the seaboard and good
navigation, while, as at other points already mentioned, water power, so necessary for the economical manufacture of the pulp, is available.
We must not forget, that, while we have been
considering the manufacture of pulp in mills contiguous to the seaboard, that there are conditions
which might make it highly profitable to establish pulp mills in the interior of the Province,
which would depend upon rail transportation for
a market.
For such purposes, large areas of mixed spruce
and fir lands are to be found in the vicinity of
Kamloops, on the North Thompson River and
on the Fraser River and some of its tributaries.
One or two large pulp mills located near any
of these points would find no difficulty in securing a market for the pulp in the rapidly growing
Northwest and  in Ontario.
To  sum up  the  possibilities of  pulp  manufacture, we have markets for our output in Australia,
China, Japan, South America, New Zealand, the
Western Coast of America, and in Europe, With
the opening of the Panama Canal, cheap transportation to the Eastern Coast of America, and
through our better and cheaper manufacturing
facilities, will make US at once successful rivals
of the older Eastern mills, possibly giving us in
time the control of the pulp industry of the
world. It is only a question of a short time that
the manufacture of pulp means the local manufacture of paper, with the consequent reaping of
the  entire  profits  of  the  industry.
THE EAST WILL JOIN THE WEST.
Toronto, July 14.—To a deputation representing the Ontario Lumbermen's Association, who
requested that the same duty of $2.00 per thousand, placed on lumber by the United States,
should be imposed too by this country, lion.
Mr. Fielding, while bidding out no hope that the
deputation's request would lie granted this year,
gave them to understand that something would
probably be done for them next  year.
COMMENCED OPERATIONS.
The Arrowhead Lumber Co., Ltd., commenced
active operations on the first of this month. The
mill occupies a most convenient site at the junction of the Columbia river and Arrow Lakes. It
is equipped with all the most modern machinery
and appliances and has a daily capacity of 100,-
000 feet in ten hours. The mill is lighted by electricity, the McFwen engine being manufactured
by the Watero.us Co., and the 500-light dynamo
by the Canadian General Electric Co. Mr. S. C.
Hinton, of Vancouver, is attending to the installation  of  the  plant.
The convenient location of the company's mill
gives it a wide range of territory for its product,
while being directly connected with the Arrowhead branch of the C. P. R., it enjoys equal facilities for rail shipments east and west. With
the introduction of every labor-saving device for
lumber manufacture, thereby economizing in the
cost of- production, the company is in a position
to enter the field with  the brightest of prospects.
The officers of the company are: President,
Mr. Archibald McMillan, of Westbourne, Man.;
Vice-President and Manager, Mr. W. R. Beattie;
Secretary-Treasurer, Mr. W. W. Fraser, of Emerson, Man.
THE FIRE RECORD.
The Ketchikan, Alaska, Saw Mill was totally
destroyed by fire on the 4th inst., the loss involving some $4,000 to $5,000.
The large factories of the St. Catharines Box & Lumber Company, Niagara
street, St. Catharines, Ontario, were destroyed by fire on June 24th, with the probable
loss of $50,000. The fire burned with such tremendous rapidity that men employed in the buildings had to run for their lives. There was panic
among the people watching the flames when the
boilers exploded.
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From our Special Correspondents.
VANCOUVER ISLAND.
Enjoys a Prosperous Season.—Loggers' Request
Does   Not   Meet   With   Favor  at   the
Capital.—Coast Lumber Has No
Rivals for  Quality.
John B. Atchison's sawmills, planing mill and
sash and door factory, at Cornwall, Ont., were
destroyed by fire on June 24th, together with a
very large quantity of lumber. The loss is between $30,000 and $40,000.
On the loth inst. a large boiler in Peters &
Cain's sawmill, about seven miles from Hamilton,
Ont., exploded, completely demolishing the mill
and instantly killing William Duncan, a young
man employed in the mill. William Winn, another employee, was fatally injured and survived
only a few hours. Several others were more or
less injured by falling timbers and scalding steam.
Victoria, July 18. A steady local trade at lair
prices epitomizes the history of the past month
in the Victoria lumber market, while a satisfactorily increasing export business has aided in
keeping the nulls and the dealers busy. The most
important event ol the month was the announcement by the Canadian Pacific Railway of a 40-cent
rate on fir, spruce and hemlock to Manitoba
points, This cut has been agitated for some time
past, and local dealers are well pleased that the
railway has acceded to their request. The reduc-
tion of the rate "ii cedar remains unsettled, hut
hope is expressed that the C. 1'. R. will make
that concession as soon as it can secure the cooperation of its rivals in the carrying trade. The
company's 40-cent rati' now applies to shipments
of cedar t" all points 111 the Territories, but does
not extend to Manitoba, as competitive roads
decline to make terms to places within that
Province.
The   Loggers'  Petition.
The loggers' petition to the Government for the
suspension  or removal  of the export  tax on logs
going to Washington, meets with scant sympathy
from     local     lumbermen.    The  general     opinion
appears  to be  that   the loggers' troubles are self-
intlicted,     inasmuch   as   many   of   them     rushed
blindly  into   the  business   without   due  consideration as to the extent of the  probable demand, or
the necessities of the market.    There is no doubt
that there  has  been  considerable overproduction,
but   it   i.s   pointed  out   that   prudence   should  have
suggested  to  these  victims  of  their  own  lack of
foresight,  to  secure  orders  for  their  logs  before
cutting them.    Such  precaution  would have only
been   in   line   with   ordinary     business   common
sense.    While it may be regrettable that a certain
number of loggers are suffering loss through their
own folly, it is said that there are others, who are
shouting the loudest for a removal of the tax, who
have not lost a dollar, but are ready, should their
demand be complied with, to enter into contracts
with Washington mills for the delivery of millions
of feet  of logs, which    are  now    represented by
standing   timber.     It   is   even   said   that   sonic   of
them would go so far as to sell the logs standing
and allow  the  Washington  people to do the rest,
and that they have been actually negotiating with
that   end   in   view.     Looking   upon   the   question
from every standpoint, the policy of the Government in refusing to alter existing conditions meets
with practically universal approval, the only persons dissenting being those  who recklessly overproduced, and the "soreheads," whose scheme l1""
denuding our forests for the benefit of the foreigner,   for  the   sake  of  the   few  dollars   it   WOllld
bring to them, has been frustrated.
Surveying Their Pulp Concessions.
The Quatsino  Power &   Pub) Company, winch
controls a large concession bordering upon Quatsino Sound and Rupert Arm, is actively engage
in preliminary work on the property.    Surveying
and timber cruising parties are scattered over
ground making a thorough examination, preparatory to the choosing of the most convenient site
for  the  company's  sawmills,  pulp mills, wharve.
and  warehouses,  which  will  be  built  as  soon as
circumstances warrant.    The    company    conte"
plates an outlay in exploratory work, plant, e >
of something like a quarter of a million d°ua^Vj
Lemon   &  C.onasson's  new  mill  and  sash
door factory is rapidly approaching the worn ■■BH
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
ALEXANDER MACLAREN, President
BUCKINGHAM, QUE.
...THE
North Pacific Lumber Go., Ltd
BARNET,   B.   C.
MANUFACTURERS OF KILN-DRIED
\*&
,\umb^ Ffr. Spruce an</ ^
LUMBER
MOULDINGS,   LATH,   SHINGLES,  ETC.
Mills on Burrard Inlet and Canadian Pacific Railway
-••%^^V«"
Si    HUGH MCDONALD, President L. A. LEWIS, General Manager
Brunette Saw Mill Co., Ltd.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
(P. O. Address, SAPPERTON, B. C.)
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You need not go elsewhere; we supply all kinds of British Columbia Lumber   <£
It pays to order Lumber, Shingles, Mouldings, Laths, Doors, Etc., in tf
mixed carloads, as you can then keep less on hand, and ordering *f
in this way you get quicker shipment  *•£
===== *
Lumber, Shingles, Boxes, Mouldings
SPECIAL ATTENTION TO CAR TRADE
* Saw Mill, Planing Mill, Shingle Mill and Box Factory on G.P.R. and Fraser River, at Sapperton 4
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BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
stage. Vexatious delays in the delivery of
machinery have prevented the completion of the
plant, but the recent arrival of the last lot of
machinery will enable the firm to start working
about August 1st. Meantime the old plant is
working full time filling local orders as well as
considerable shipments to the Territories and
Manitoba.
Well Pleased With Coast Lumber.
One of the most prominent Manitoba lumber
dealers, who has been here during the past week,
took the opportunity of visiting the principal producing points, and sized Up the situation of the
trade on Vancouver Island, lie was enthusiastic
over the quality of the lumber produced in this
section. At the same time, the visitor remarked
that lumber could be delivered at Winnipeg from
the Mountain mills at much less prices than from
Coast points, but at the same time, agreed that
the quality of the Coast lumber was very much
better than that of the Interior of the Province.
He assured the writer that in every case where it
was possible to secure the class of stuff he desired
he had always and would continue to give the preference to the Coast product, particularly in
spruce, which the Island produces in greater per-
ection than any part of the world. Showing his
preciation of this fact, he placed an open order
r spruce of all dimensions with one local firm
hich was aide to show him a sample of what
could turn out—for the entire output of their
e  Sayward  Mills have just received a large
ent    of    modern    flooring    manufacturing
nery.  which  will be  a valuable  addition  to
[already extensive plant.
gcal dealer  reports  enquiries  from Toronto
er far Eastern points for clear spruce. The
§»f these letters indicates that  the superior
»f British Columbia spruce is now recog-
Ib   Eastern     Canada   and   the   Middle   and
States,  and inspires  the  conviction   that
the long haul and heavy freight rates, Bri-
jlumbia spruce is becoming a necessity in
lines  of  industry.     One  of  the    largest
illing companies in  Minneapolis has sent
same dealer for samples of spruce, as they
e quality of the southern lumber which they
used for the manufacture of barrels, deteri-
Ing, and are forced to look to this Coast for
future supply.
WINNIPEG  ACTIVITY.
Building Operations Enjoying a Season of Extraordinary    Prosperity,    While the Lumber
Demand Is Brisk.—An Important
New District.
Winnipeg, July l6.—The condition of unrest
which characterized the lumber trade in this city
and the western part of Canada generally during
the opening of the present season, has apparently
subsided to a great extent, and has been succeeded
by a healthy business activity, especially in the
City, where the record building boom is making
the path of the lumber agent and the contractor
quite pleasant for the time being. Never before
in the history of the City has there been so large
an amount of construction under way at this
season of the year, and it is believed that the
permits issued for buildings in Winnipeg will at
the close of this season reach the enormous total
of $io,Qoo,ooo. From January 4th to July 4U1 of
this year the permits issued were for 1,351 buildings, the stated cost of which is to be $6,072,450.
This is three times as great as the stated value of
the buildings for which permits were issued in
the corresponding period of last year.
Lo~al Lumber Demand Good.
This unusual activity has, of course, had the
effect of making business in the lumber trade
quite brisk, and the local demand is, consequently,
greater than it has been for years. The structures   for   which   the   largest    quantities   of   the
rougher grades is required are the new shops of
the Canadian Pacific Railway and a number of
the local dealers have received fat orders from
the company. The construction of the new C.
P. R. hotel and station, work upon which is now
in progress, will also require large quantities of
lumber of almost every grade. It is generally
understood that in the country points, especially
in the Province of Manitoba, the demand for
building materia! is not so active, due in a great
measure to the fact that the rather reckless speculations in real estate has created a sort of financial stringency which will not be relieved till
another good crop has been garnered in the
Province and Territories. Should any unforeseen circumstance arise which would tend to produce anything of a failure in the crop output, the
results in the West are not pleasant to contemplate. Just at present the prospects are brilliant
and should the conditions continue as at present.
the harvest will eclipse all previous records. In
the Northwest Territories the building activity is
up to high-water mark, because the stream of
immigration in that direction is still very marked
and the sale of rough lumber for hurried construction is reported as something more than the
average.
Building Immense Mills There.
Fort Frances, Ontario, is rapidly coming to the
front as one of the places in the Winnipeg district which seems destined to have an effect on
the lumber trade of this City and locality in
general. Preparations for the manufacture of
lumber on a large scale have been made at the
progressive hamlet in the woods, and already the
Rainy River Lumber Company is turning out
immense quantities of building material for its
mammoth sawmill, which is running night and
day. and which has so many large orders hoc iked
that the directors of the company believe that the
enterprise will prove far more successful than was
at first anticipated. J. A. Mathieu. managing
director of the company, who was in Winnipeg
a few days ago, stated to the representative of
the ''Lumberman" that the district was developing very rapidly, both in population and industries, and that there were indications that numerous industries would locate there in the near
future. J. H. Wallace, hydraulic engineer, of
New York, is now at Port Frances, locating sites
for the paper, pulp and flour mills which are to
be put up by the Backus-Brooks Company, of
Minneapolis. It is said that the plans call for the
construction of a pulp mill with a daily capacity
of 325 tons, a paper mill with a similar capacity,
and a flour mill of 3,000 barrels capacity per day.
The flour mill company, through A. Kelly, of
Brandon, Manitoba, has applied for T.ooo horse
power to operate the mill. The pulp mills will
cover an area of 16 acres, and will employ 150
hands. It is believed that there is 20,000 horse
power available on these sites.
Log Driving Record.
The largest log drive in the history of lumbering in the Winnipeg district reached the outskirts
of the City yesterday afternoon, when the van of
the Sprague Lumber Company's winter output
was safely corralled in the booms on the Red
River, which are maintained for the purpose of
holding the logs till they are required for the saw
in the firm's mammoth mill here. The drive,
which now extends for forty miles up the river,
contains 300,000 pieces, and is the largest that
was ever run at one time on the Red River. Two
days ago the logs were cut loose on the Roseau
River above Letellier, 160 miles above Winnipeg,
and thus made a record run. The gangs of river-
men in the employ of the firm here were exceedingly busy getting the first of the drive inside the
booms, which extend about four miles up the river
from this City,and inside of which the whole drive
is to be held till it is ready to be sawn. The previous record for the drive for this distance was
four days, and an idea of the velocity of the
current in the Red River this season can be
gathered from this fact. The timber in this drive
was  cut  on   the   firm's     Roseau     limits.     Unless
something unforeseen occurs to interfere with th,
run of the logs, the whole drive will reach th.
booms in record time. This is only one of seven
lar^e drives which are now on their way to th,
Sprague mills. The linn has, during last wintei
installed a number of improvements to th,
Higgins Avenue mill, making it one of the most
up-to-date in America. The electric light pi,mi
on the premises has been greatly increased 11;
capacity, and a number of the very latest devices
to facilitate the output of the mill have been
installed. The lumber sheds have been extended
and in general, when the Sprague mill opens foi
this season's operations, it will be one of the most
modern lumber manufacturing plants 011 the continent.
Enterprise at Grandview.
T. A. Burrows has one of the most up-to-date
mills in the Province in operation at Grandview,
Manitoba. The mill is running night and day
tinder the supervision of J. W. Montague, of Winnipeg. The electric light which is used to light the
mill at night, is produced on the premise-, and
about   100 men are employed.
Big Elevator Company Organized.
Nicholas    Bawlf,    W.   II.  McWilliams,    S.  I'
Clarke, Fred. Phillip-. W. W. McMillan and Join,
Love, all local grain merchants, are the promoters of the new Empire Elevator Company,
with a capital of $2,000,000. It is to operate on a
larger scale than any other elevator company in
Canada, it- letter- of incorporation having been
taken out under the Dominion statutes. The other
members of the firm are American capitalists.
The principal places of business for the new company are Winnipeg and  fort  William.
Mr. Maclaren Interviewed.
Alexander Maclaren. the millionaire lumberman
ot Ottawa, Ontario, and Buckingham, Quebec,
who i- in this city on his way to P.arnet, B. C,
where he has extensive lumber interests, being
pre-ident of the North Pacific Lumber Company,
at that place, believes that the only chance that
the lumbermen of Western Canada, and of British Columbia, especially, have of getting any
redress in regard to their grievance-, will be in
urging for a royal commission to investigate the
whole   trouble.
Industry Is Being Killed.
Speaking to the representative of the "Lumberman," Mr. Maclaren said:—-"It is a most
regrettable state of affairs, but it is nevertheless
true that the lumber industry of British Columbia, which should be one of its richest, is being
killed entirely, and it- vast timber resources are
being depleted without adding to the prosperity
ol the country. The lumber manufacturers of
the West are certainly in a tight place now, and
while I do not think any of the mills will close
down. I am sure that many of them, instead of
operating throughout the year, will cut for only
about eight months, and the four in which they
are idle will mean an immense loss to the whole
of Canada. The Government has flatly refused
to do anything in the way of establishing a pro
tective duty, and on that account the surplus
stoek of the United States is being rushed into
Manitoba and the Northwest to slaughter a
market that formerly was a big patron of the Bri
tish Columbia mills. Last year the amount ot
lumber consumed in Manitoba and the Territories
amounted to between 600 and 700 million feet, and
of that, sixty million came in from the United
States. I believe that this year it will amount
to twenty per cent, of the consumption, which
means a lot of Canadian money passing from
Canadian pockets.
Misinformed Patriotism.
"Of course, there is a great cry that nothing
must be done which would retard the settlement
of   the   Northwest.     The   lumbermen   of   British BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
Columbia are just as eager as anyone else that
the country should progress, but they are selling
their lumber at the lowest price that they can
manufacture it for, and the permission to the
Americans to dump their surplus in Canada is not
bringing down the prices any, but merely allowing
the outsiders to sell lumber here which they are
unable to dispose of in their own country. The
Canadian material being in the majority, controls
the prices, and then the Americans come in and
divide the territory which should he covered by
the Canadians. 1 think that the Government
should go into this question thoroughly. It is a
deep problem, and it should be dealt with in a
broad-minded manner.
Will Be Remedied Too Late.
"I believe that through time the matter will be
righted, but the way things are going now. a
great many of the poor fellows who are struggling
along will be forced to the wall and their holdings
are bought up by American capitalists. By the
time that prosperity strikes the industry the
resources of the Coast Province will have passed
out of the hands of Canadians and the wealth
will go into American coffers."
Builds Yacht at Vancouver.
Mr. Maclaren and his family intend to spend
the summer at Barnet and Vancouver. He has
under construction at the Coast one of the finest
yachts that has ever cruised in the Coast waters.
It is to be ready to launch on August 1st, and he
has promised the members of the Medical Society,
which is to meet in Vancouver mi August 23rd, a
fine cruise in the new craft, which will have sleeping accommodation for twelve people and a crew
of three. It is to be 68 feet long, 15 feet beam,
drawing 7\'< feet of water, and will carry 2,100
square feet of canvas.
LOG DRIVING.
Ottawa  River   Exceptionally   High   and  Driving
Has Been Eminently Successful.—Demand
for B. C. Lumber Very Slow.—Successful Sale of Government Lands.
Ottawa, July 4.—As far as natural conditions
are concerned, the lumber operations of Ontario
and Quebec have been amply blessed during the
past three months. Never in the history of the
trade has the Ottawa River reached such a high
level, and consequently the work of log driving
has been comparatively easy. As a matter of
fact, the only "drive" of any size that was "hung
up" was one belonging to R. H. Klock & Company,  in  the  Temiscamingue  country.
So strong has been the current and so great
the number of logs, that several booms have
broken. Fortunately, however, in each case the
logs were collected again with dispatch. It is
estimated that at the present time there are
between two and a half and three million logs and
pieces of pulp wood on the Ottawa River above
the City. The work of rafting and handling these
logs on the Ottawa is in the hands of the Upper
Ottawa Improvement Company. It has twelve
steamers and 800 men at work. In addition, of
course, to this number, a small army of men was
employed by the lumber companies moving the
logs along the tributaries.
In former years, when the water was at its
normal level, the newly cut logs did not reach
the main river booms until the old stock had
been cleared out. This spring, however, the new
logs were rushed into the booms on top of the
big stock that had wintered there. The Des
Joachims boom, above Pembroke, broke under
the strain, liberating 300,000 logs. Despite fears,
all were corraled before any further damage had
been done to lower booms.
In the snow boom on the Ottawa above Arn-
prior, there are fully one million logs, a record
number. An equal number of logs has been
passed out of the booms and rafted down to the
mills.
J. R. Booth is holding 400,000 logs on the Mat-
tawa River, until such times as the booms on the
main Ottawa arc relieved of their congestion.
The Temiscamingue and other tributaries are
said to be literally Hooded with logs. On the
Rouge River, another big tributary of the Lower
Ottawa, there arc over 800,000 logs and pieces of
pulp  wood.
However, while the high water has facilitated
the movement of the logs, it has interfered with
the operation of the mills along the Ottawa, and
the shipment of lumber. This was true of Rockland, East Templeton, Calumet, L'Orignal and
other milling points.
The W. C. Edwards Company's mills at Rockland, the Perley Lumber Company's mills at
Calumet, and others, were a month late in starting, The high water, for this reason, may have
the effect of diminishing the season's cut. However, now that the water is receding, conditions
are   improving.
Sale of  Crown Timber  Lands.
The annual sale of provincial Crown timber
limits for Quebec Province was held lately.
While bidding was slow, good, strong prices were
obtained. In all. 1,703 miles of limits were sold,
the aggregate amount realized being $258,166.
Senator Edwards, head of the W. C. Edwards
Company, paid $290 a mile for one lot in the Bon-
aventure district. W. H. Davis, of Montreal, paid
$135 per mile for a lot in the Saugenay country.
Another selection was sold to W. Ritchie, of
Montreal,  at  $101   per mile.
All the principal lumber operators were present
at the sale, and all seemed to have pretty intimate
knowledge of the country offered for sale. The
establishment of newcomers, Canadian and American, in the lumber business, has improved the
demand for limits. Judging by the figures quoted
at the sale, there is little likelihood of limits
decreasing in  value for some time  to come.
Business Not Up to Expectation.
1.umber business is very slow in the Ottawa
district at present, one manufacturer sizing up
the situation in the statement that he didn't know
"which way the cat would jump." July and
August promise to be slower than summer
months usually are. Little British Columbia
timber is coming East, the demand for this stock
for structural purposes being slow. The shingle
market  shows no  change.
British Markets Affect Trade Conditions.
The condition of the English market is a matter
of great concern, and the depression is likely to
have a bearing on future operations on the limits
and at the mills.
Square timber'has declined in value twelve cents
a foot since the fall sales, which were made at a
ten per cent, advance. By reason of this decline,
several operators are holding their stock on the
limits and at the port of shipment.
The depression in the English market will
cause a sharp decline in the output of square
timber next season.
Prices Maintained.
While there has been no decline in prices, there
is an easier feeling in Canadian white pine lumber.
Manufacturers who were not at all anxious to
sell a few short months ago, are now looking for
customers. The trade with the States has only
been fair. On the other hand, business, especially within Canada, in the low and middle grade
stocks, has been  first-class.
Rail vs. Water Routes.
All the square timber for the English market is
being shipped this year from the limits by rail.
In former years the Ottawa River was the avenue
used, but operators seemingly now favor the
more direct and speedier passage afforded by
rail. With the passing of the square timber from
the river, the Government will probably abandon
the slides.
While there was ample water in the lumbering
streams of Ontario and Quebec to float the logs,
such was not the case in New Brunswick. The
spring high water moved off rapidly in that
Province, and despite the best endeavors of the
mill men, many logs were "hung up." It is estimated that fully 4r,000,000 feet of logs were
stranded. On the St. John River, about 120,000,000
feet of logs were brought down this season, this
lot including 40,000,000 feet of stuff "hung up"
from the previous season.
Increasing Ontario's Forest Reserves.
Ontario now has a permanent forest reserve of
6,000,000 acres. To this area the reserve has been
increased since 1895, when it consisted of only
80,000 acres. Instead of selling the right to clear
this land, the Government will allow the lumber
and pulp manufacturers to cut merchantable
timber of prescribed dimensions. There will be
no stop to cutting, but the region in which it will
be carried on will be in one quarter this year, and
another next year. The aim is to restrict cutting
so as to insure a perpetual supply on the permanent areas. It is the intention to add to the
area, until many millions of acres are held in
reserve.
40-CENT RATE.
Sound Milimen Did Not Succeed in Their Overtures    With    Railroads.—Concessions
Granted.—A Dull Market.
Seattle, July 10.—The request of the Pacific
Coast lumbermen for a 40-cent rate to Missouri
River points has not been granted, but a number
of other concessions will be allowed in the new
rate sheet, as soon as it is issued. Shingle manufacturers will be allowed to load cars on a weight
basis with the minimum of 20,000 pounds instead
of the arbitrary weight system established under
the old tariffs on a car length basis. Concessions have also been given to Spokane, which
means much to that city. Spokane will control
the trade within a radius of one hundred miles.
Spokane asked that the distance be measured by
air line, but the railroads have decided on a rail
measurement. This is not as favorable to the
city as the air line measure. At the same time
concessions will be made covering spruce and
hemlock shipments.
The  Shingle Situation.
Many shingle mills have closed down throughout the State. This action is taken by a great
many mills every year a week or two before the
Fourth of July. This year it is done in most cases
on account of the poor prices obtained. In
Everett and in mills scattered throughout the
State, wage reductions have been agreed upon in
order to keep the mills busy, but the men evidently do not like the new arrangement, for in
many cases they are staying away from the mills,
and some are shut down on that account and will
not reopen after the Fourth. All of Everett's
shingle mills have been closed down, and the mills
in Ballard and Tacoma are in the same fix. The
owners declare that the mills will stay closed
until the men decide to accept the new wage
scale.
The strike, it is declared by some, is tending to
hoist the price, and the belief is common that
shingles will never be lower. There has been a
raise of five cents in clears during the end of
June, and additional increases are looked for in
the near future. The Eastern yards are well
stocked with shingles, but the demand is gradually increasing.
The executive committee of the Interstate Red
Cedar Shingle Company is attempting to reorganize the old association, and a plan to
accomplish this purpose is now being laid out.
The refusal of the mill owners to cut down the
output when the market was overstocked was
what killed the last association. During the past
ten    years a number of associations have been '
:\\
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BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
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Both Clear
and Rough
CARS
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...and Mouldings
We can Load
Mixed Cars
Promptly
PROMPT SHIPMENT IS OUR SPECIALTY  FOR 1904
Code Used :    AMERICAN LUMBERMAN TELECODE
.tings  Saw  Mill,  Vancouver
Moodyville Saw Mill, Burrard Inlet
BRANCHES:
Royal City Saw and Planing- Mills, Vancouver
Royal City Saw and Planing1 Mills, New Westminster
THE
HAY" Locomotive
Manufactured by LIMA LOCOMOTIVE & MACHINE CO.
Specially   designed for HEAVY   GRADES and SHARP
CURVES, in railroad, logging and mining operations.    This Company also manufacture
Direct-Connected Locomotives, Steel Dump Cars,
Gray Iron Castings, Etc.
Locomotives, Second-Hand   all kinds
Logging Trucks, Rails, Track Material
Iron and Steel   all shapes and kinds
Machinery.   Pig Iron.   Cast Iron Pipe.
Eye Beams, Channels, Structural Steel,
all shapes, Plates, Etc.
RAILS
NEW AND RELAYING
W. D. HOFIUS & CO.
OFFIC ES
72-74 Dexter Horton Building,
512 Chamber of Commerce,
SEATTLE, WASH.
PORTLAND, ORE.
THE   HOE
CHISELTOOTH SAW
■'MAKE.S   MONEY
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♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»
E. H. HEAPS & CO.,
MANUFACTURERS OF
LUMBER
| Lath, Shingles, Doors, Mouldings, Etc
AAI HIGH GRADE CEDAR SHINGLES
Cedar Bevelled Siding, Gedar Door and Sash Stock, cut to she, Cedar Finish, Base, Casing, Newels, Balusters,
Etc. Douglas Fir Timber up to 85 feet In length.
Cedar Gove Mill, Vancouver, B. 6.
Ruskin Mill, Ruskin, B. e.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦<
►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
organized, but invariably they went to the wall.
A meeting of lumbermen was held in Tacoma
on June 25th. About thirty mills were represented, but nci action was taken. F. W. Baker
stated after the meeting that all the milimen were
willing to enter some agreement whereby production could be curtailed, but they did not know
just what sort of plan should be adopted.
Western Pine Business Good.
The monthly meeting of the Western Pine
Shippers' Association was held in Spokane on
July 6th. The Association is represented by mill-
men from Western Montana, Idaho, Eastern
Oregon and Eastern Washington. R. A. Kellogg,
secretary of the Association, said the other day:
"May was the best month experienced by members of the Western Pine Shippers' Association.
Sales for the last month were 16,000,000 feet,
which does not include sales made by smaller
mills. Sales during other months have been
about ten, eleven or twelve million feet. Market
conditions were discussed at the meeting. The
market is fair, although not extra good, neither
are prices all that could be desired. The manner
of bow best to curtail the market, with the view
of regulating the supply to the demand, thereby
keeping prices, was discussed.
ment in favor of shutting down all the mills one
day in each week, and lumbermen have no doubt
but that all the lumbermen will agree to this; if
this is accomplished, it will materially aid the
milimen to regain confidence. The opinion which
prevails, claiming that the poor condition of the
market is for a large part due to a scare among
the milimen, appears to be well founded. Despite
the fact that the market is steadily improving,
mills are still selling lumber at a loss, and many
big plants are cutting heavily and glutting the
market with the supply of timber products that
cannot be  absorbed.
An Appropriate Substitute.
In all probability the Washington State building at the St. Louis Fair will be turned over to
the Hoo-Hoo's as a resting place for those members visiting the Fair. The building of the Hoo-
Hoo's was recently lost by fire, and as the
material for the Washington State building was
furnished by the lumbermen of this and neighboring States, they will be entitled to use the
unoccupied space in the building.
to be spent in improving it; the latest woodworking equipment is to be installed. The Oregon &
Washington Lumber Co. will build a $50,000 plant
south of Portland. The mill will have a capacity
of 60,000 feet daily, and the company has purchased a site with 627 feet of waterfront. W. A.
Dempsey is president of the new concern.
The local mills are apparently well satisfied
with the situation, as complaints from that
quarter have ceased altogether—and they ought
to, for there are few other cities in the United
States that can show a greater consumption of
lumber of all grades, comparatively, than Seattle.
Instead of diminishing, the building industry of
the city is constantly increasing, and the month
just past is nearly twice as large as the largest
previous record. The totals for the month of
June show that nearly $1,500,000 worth of building permits were issued during the month. The
next largest month has $900,000 to its credit.
Government, railroad and municipal work is proportionately heavy, and it is unlikely that there
will be any let up for the next two years in the
city's prosperity.
Unanimity Necessary.
It is believed by the officers of the Pacific Coast
Lumber Manufacturers' Association that the
responsibility for the poor market conditions
during the past half year is due mainly to the
uncertainty in commercial circles preceding the
Presidential election, and correspondingly to the
future conditions of the Eastern market. It is
believed that if the market is properly regulated
from now on, a great deal of good can be accomplished, and prices may again become firm and
advance to a rate that does not bring actual loss
to the manufacturer.    There is a general senti-
Present    Conditions Do Not Discount    Future
Prospects.
Many new mills have commenced operations in
this State during the past few weeks. The Lewis
Lumber Company is building a $100,000 plant
opposite the fort grounds near Coeur d'Alene,
Idaho. It will be ready by September 1st, and
will have a pay-roll of $5,000. All the sawmills in
the same neighborhood are in full operation. The
Rig Four Lumber Company is to be enlarged; the
McGillis & Gibbs new planing mill is completed
and running. Among the older mills are the H.
I). Allen mills; that of the Gundcrson Mill Company, on Kid Island Bay, and the J. C. Corbin
Mill  &  Lumber Company.
At Aberdeen the plant of the American Mill
Company is to be enlarged, and some $50,000 is
Loggers Take Holidays.
The situation in the logging business remains
unchanged, and nothing new is likely to occur
before fall sets in and the milimen resume operations on a better financial basis. Logging in
Washington is dead, but the market is being controlled to some degree. The heavy-weight camps
still remain idle, and they can afford to do so.
Money is made by waiting for the market to right
itself, and for prices to again become stable.
The Portland Cordage Company has commenced sluicing dirt for its mammoth plant at
Smith's Cove, and it is announced that within
two months the buildings for the plant will be
well under way. The plant furnishes nearly all
the cordage used in the logging camps on the
Pacific Coast. i •
10
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
CHICAGO TRADE.
Demand    in Certain    Lines    Equal to Supply-
Building Conditions Call for Heavy Orders
—An Effort to Control Supply.
The numerous strikes at the furniture factories
have affected the demand for hardwoods to some
extent; some of these factories will not open until a settlement is made with the workmen, while
others  are   running  with   a   limited   output.
THE LOGGERS' APPEAL.
Chicago, July 8.—The weather has been unusually cool during June and thus far in July, but
the lumber business continues to grow with each
succeeding week of the season that by courtesy
is called  summer in  Chicago.
The demand for hardwoods—oak, basswood,
birch, ash, cypress, etc.—is well up to the supply;
hemlock, the various pines, spruce, white cedar
are in moderate demand.
The most notable event in lumber circles here
last week was the edition of the American Lumberman, containing 80 pages descriptive of the
Long-Bell Lumber Co., Kansas City, Mo. The
portraits and views were numerous and the word
pictures  contained  all  necessary  information.
The 2()\2 building permits issued in this city
from January 1st to July 7th have a value of
$20,155,845.
Tierces are selling at $1.25, barrels at 00c to $1.
Staves are $22 to $23 per thousand.
A VALUABLE   PROPERTY   GOES   UP   IN
SMOKE.
Heavy Local Lumber Demand.
common   grades   of   lumber   used   in   the
r buildings are in such demand that stocks
On Friday morning, July 8th, the valuable mill
of the Canadian Pacific Lumber Company, Ltd.,
at Port Moody, near Vancouver, was destroyed
by fire.
With scant material, the hundred and fifty men
employed at the mill put up a splendid tight
against the big blaze in the early morning. As it
turned out, the damage was confined entirely to
the north side of the tracks of the C. P. R., else
the losses would have amounted to over $125,000.
To the Public of British Columbia,—
A petition addressed to the Government of British   Columbia   is   now   being   circulated,   praying
that the embargo be removed and that free acce
to the markets of the United States be allowed thi
loggers of British Columbia.
In support of that petition it is purported hen-
to set forth as briefly and concisely as possible
the present condition of the logging industry and
its relation to the general welfare of the whole
people.
It is a fact, and freely admitted, that the logging  industry  is  today  in  very  bad  shape.
The market is limited and the price of the
rougher grade of logs is below the cost of pro
duction; further, owing to the lessened demand
for rough lumber and common building material,
it is now almost impossible to sell rough or iner
chantable logs on the Coast of British Columbia
at a profit.
Particularly does this apply to cedar, as there
are today millions of feet of cedar logs lying in
the water at and near Vancouver for which no
demand can  be   found.
CANADIAN    PACIFIC    LUMBER   COS    MILL,    PORT   MOODY
are shipped from the mills as soon as they leave
the saws. Lumber is coming into this port by
vessel at the rate of about 10,000,000 feet per
week, and by rail averaging 25,000,000 feet per
week, while the shipments amount to about 20,-
000,000 feet per week. As stocks in the yards are
not growing to any extent, it is evident that local consumption is heavy.
Effort to Raise Prices.
Many large Southern pine mills have reduced
their output one-third in order to aid in boosting
prices. This plan is likely to be adopted by the
hardwood manufacturers for the same purpose,
and it is only a question of time when all the
large lumber interests will be managed with the
view of keeping the supply more nearly equal to
the demand than at present.
Staple Goods.
White Cedar i.s used mostly for fence and other
posts, and as poles for certain kinds of rough
work. Dealers say that the white cedar trade is
very good. 	
The supply of white cedar shingles is much
greater than the demand.
The damage is fairly well covered by insurance.
The largest losers are Mr. T. W. I'aterson, of
Victoria, the Canadian Pacific Lumber Company,
and Mr. II. A. Jones, whose new tug, being built
in the mill ward, was burned to the water's edge.
Three railway ears were destroyed.
There were saved the planing mill, recently
built, on the south side of the railway track,
together with the office and a great deal of
stacked lumber; while on the north side the two
outlying shipping sheds were saved with their
contents.
A meeting of the directors, consisting of Mr. T.
W. Paterson, of Victoria, Pres.; Mr. Perry I). Roe,
vice-president and manager; Mr. T. F. Paterson,
secretary-treasurer, and Mr. R. Aberncthy, superintendent, was held at the Company's office at
Port Moody a few days ago, when it was decided
to rebuild the mill at once.
We are authoritatively informed that the loss
was not as great as at first reported, and that in
the rebuilding of the mill, the company has every
reason to believe that the new plant will be in
every way far ahead of the original, and that the
mill will be in a far better position to cater to the
trade than it was, in other words, "to be better
fixed than ever," as it was expressed to us.
A large percentage of these cedar logs belong
to the mills and are not being cut up simply
because there is no market for lumber of this
grade.
Such being the facts, it can easily be understood
how almost impossible it is to sell to them a grade
of  logs  that  they  are  already overstocked  with
The question naturally arises, Why were logs
in such demand eighteen months ago, and what
has caused the heavy slump? There are a number
of causes, one perhaps being the excessive output
of logs last year when prices ranged much higher
and demand was good, but the principal and most
important one is the large increase in the number
of mills throughout the Kootenays. There is now
invested in the lumber business there no less than
$5,000,000, and the number and capacity of these
mills is still growing.
Many of  the  larger  mills, equalling  in  equip
ment and  capacity  the  mills of the  Coast, have
operated for the first time this summer.
Logs can be delivered at these mills at from $'
to $1.50 per thousand cheaper than on the Coast;
wages are as low, if not lower, and they have a
less freight rate of about $4.80 per thousand on
rough lumber shipped to the Northwest Terri
tories. K«5HSR«^
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
11
The Rat Portage Lumber Co'y, Limited
TELEPHONE  NO. 354
VANCOUVER BRANCH
MANUFACTURERS OF
P. O. BOX 778
FIR, CEDAR AND SPRUCE
Building Material of all Kinds Delivered Promptly.    Hardwood In Car Lots.
MILL AND OFFICES t
SOUTH GRANVILLE STREET BRIDGE
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Thomas Kirkpatrick
MANUFACTURER OF
RED CEDAR
-SHINGLES-
Daily Capacity, 250,000
Mills at Hastings and New Westminster
HEAD OFFICE, HASTINGS, B. C.
Orders Solicited and Correspondence
Promptly Attended to
Telephone B 1425
Boyd,
Burns & Co.,
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Engineering Supplies
Ship Chandlery ....
Agents for E. C. Atkins Co.'s
CELEBRATED SILVER-STEEL SAWS
Iron Pipe, Valves, Belting,
Pipe Fittings, Wood Pulleys,
Steam Packing,      Wire Rope.
The Menz Lumber Co.
26 Merchants Bank Building, WINNIPEG, MAN.
MANUFACTURERS AND WHOLESALERS
British Columbia Red Cedar Shingles KTC^S
Unlimited Capacity for filling orders promptly for all kinds of Lumber, including Hardwoods and Maple flooring
Write us for Special Quotations whenever in the Market >
■
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12
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
This practically gives the market for rough and
common lumber into the hands of our countrymen in Kootenay, and is largely responsible for
the lack of demand for rough and merchantable
logs here. It must be remembered in this connection that their timber is mostly small and
rough, and that for this reason the Coast still has
the bulk of 'the trade for finished material, such
as flooring, stepping,  siding, mouldings,  etc.
Such being the case, the Coast lugger must find
another and larger market for his product, or
cease to operate.
It is useless to theorize or talk cheap sentiment,
the facts are as given above; we must have a further market or suspend operations.
What effect has the present situation on the
people of British Columbia? Let us look at it
from the loggers' standpoint:-—
He is losing money, he is seeing the hard-
earned accumulations of years of toil slip through
his hands despite his best efforts, with a certainty,
if no relief is forthcoming, of going insolvent.
"Going broke," it is called, and going broke he is.
The merchant, wholesale or retail, in whatever
line he may be, is today feeling very keenly the
erable portion of the returns he should receive
for his outlay in road building, etc., which is, as
shown, a heavy item of the expense necessary to
procure logs, as all practical loggers and woodsmen know. In all common sense, why not sell
this timber to the Americans? They have an
unlimited market, can saw and sell timber that is
worth nothing to us, and it will not be for many
years. The logger will profit, for it will allow him
to log and sell his entire limit and give him a
larger and steadier market. The working man
will have employment all the year at good wages.
The tug-owners and all their employees will be
busier than ever before.
Vancouver and the whole Coast of British Columbia will at once feel the effect of the good
American money put  into  circulation   here.
We are told that we must protect the mills of
this country by not allowing the export of logs.
Now, in common sense, what benefit is it to the
mills to keep logs in British Columbia that they
don't want, and cannot cut and find a market for?
They have tried hard to have a duty put on
lumber, but without effect.    They simply say they
THE
LUMBERMEN'S
SUPPLY CU„
LIMITED
122 Wellington Street, West
TORONTO, ONT.
We sell any article that is required by
Railway Contractors or Lumbermen, no matter what it is.
We ship mixed car lots
Mitts,    Moccasins,   Shoe   Packs,    Larrigans,
Pants, Underwear, Chain, Rope, Axes,
Saws, Axe Handles, Pork, Ham,
Bacon, Lard, Butter, Tea.
We are the only House in Oanada that
furnishes you complete under one roof
LOWEST WHOLESALE PRICES
,
ii
i ■■
i!
$!
.;   ..,,..,,.„: _._r-,.r   ..
TINY    B.   C.    "TOOTH - PICKS.
depression in the logging business; camp accounts
are not being met; money is scarce, and the whole
City feels the stagnation in this most important
industry.
Workingmen are idle in Vancouver by hundreds, with every probability of their number
increasing; wages are necessarily lower, and
employment hard to get.
Some of the mills are holding millions of feet
of logs that they will not cut, and, if permitted,
would gladly turn them into cash by towing them
across to the American side.
The Government of British Columbia is losing
a large amount of stumpage owing to the fact that
the rougher class of timber is at present left in
the woods there to rot or burn up.
One-third of the cost of logging is incurred in
putting in skid roads, and this rougher lumber
could be taken out if there was any demand for
it, but the majority of the loggers today are
forced to leave it in the woods, where it must
inevitably go to waste, a complete loss to the
country and to the logger, who is unable to get
the profit he would obtain under an open market
on this class of timber; and besides, he is unable
to use his skid roads and other necessary improvements to the fullest extent, thus losing a consid-
will not bid on a boom of rough logs as they do
not want them.
This being the case, and it is the case, as any
one familiar with present conditions knows, why
not sell to the United States at a profit what we
cannot use at home.
There is also another phase of the question
that has not been touched upon heretofore and
it is this.
The average cost of logs delivered at Vancouver
or similar points is $5 per M. paid out for supplies, wages and towing, all going into the
pockets of white men and freely circulated
through  the community.
The cost of sawing these logs into rough
lumber is approximately $1.75 to $1.85 per M. if
cut in a modern and well equipped mill. ()f
this amount at least 50 per cent, goes to pay for
Chinese, Japanese and similar labor who are of
little value to this country, if indeed not a menace
to our entire social system, leaving proportionately 85 cents to 90 cents per M. in payment to
white labor and for supplies. We are asked to
sacrifice a $5 industry to protect a 90 cent one,
and further I think that it has been clearly shown
that the 90-cent industry rather than suffering by
export will really benefit.
We have no quarrel with the milimen on this
question; we only ask the government of this
country for common fair play.
If the mills here cannot buy our logs at a
living price then let us.sell to those who will.
That is all we ask, and i> it too much? But says
a critic, 'We hear that the United States camps
are shutting down; that there is an overproduction of logs in the State of Washington. How
can you sell your logs there when the United
States logger cannot?"
Just briefly we will put that question to rights.
On the American side stumpage is $1 to $2.50 per
M; here, 50 cents, an advantage of from 50 cents
to $_\oo per M; also we can log a great deal
cheaper owing to the greater amount of virgin
territory and the shorter haul. In other words,
we have vastly more timber than the State of
Washington and it is closer to the water; also
the loggers of the Sound being wise in their day
and generation, have formed a very strong association and sell their logs at a stated price according to the grade. If the market is overstocked
they shut down their camps until it has righted
itself, but still hold up the price.
And right here it may be said that if the
British   Columbia   Loggers'  Association  is  to be
■ BRITISH COLJMBIA LUMBERMAN
13
an institution of strength and a support to the
logger at all times it must be reorganized on a
new and stronger basis. When the need for
action arises, as at 'the present time, it requires a
long period of depression to bring them together
with a united front.
Something on the same lines as our Yankee
friends have formed is required, modified and
changed perhaps in minor details to suit the
different conditions existing here.
To continue, however. Those who are fortunate enough to hold Crown granted land in
British Columbia secured subsequent to 1887 are
now exporting their logs to the United States,
and iit is common knowledge that the price nets
them from $1 to $1.50 more than 'the same grade
here, the strong point being, however, the possession of a larger and steadier market.
Another reason for cutting the timber and converting it into cash instead of saving it for future
generations of Japanese and Chinese to work up
in the sawmills is that as most people are aware
there is in say a period of ten years more timber
in the forest consumed or destroyed by tire than
there is cut down and converted into logs in a
similar period, so that delay in getting out the
timber and turning it into cash is destroying the
chances of getting a considerable portion of it
hereafter. Besides we are naturally more interested in the living present than in fifty years
hence, and when that time does come or perhaps
much sooner the use of timber may be greatly
curtailed if not done away with altogether, for in
this era of invention and progress we find that
iron, steel and other substitutes are now used
where formerly lumber was used altogether. It
seems strange to think how our friends the mill-
men keep on telling the people and the Government that there is not much timber in the country
and that if export of logs is allowed there will
soon be nothing left for the mills here to saw.
And they have told this so often and so persistently that some of them seem to half believe it
themselves,   whilst   the   facts   are   there   is  more
timber in this Province than the mills here will
saw up in the next 300 years.
There is, it is said, more timber. 011 Vancouver
Island alone than the Coast mills of British Columbia would saw up in the next fifty years.
There is plenty 0f timber here for tins generation and there v.ill be plenty for ithe next.
The old saying, "Where there is enough take
enough, and where there's little take all," may
have some vulnerable points, but there is lots of
horse sense in it when applied to something like
standing timber, which i.s liable to rot, burn or
depreciate in other ways.
Besides, it is foolish to get jealous because our
Yankee cousins get out logs and give us in return
their gold. Their money is what we want: this
is bringing in capital, and is better for the community than selling to people here, for selling to
each other is like taking money out of one's
pocket and putting it into another as far as benefitting the public is concerned.
These are straight facts which will appeal to
sensible people. We believe the rescinding of
this Order-in-Council will have the immediate
effect of putting life in the logging business, will
double the value of our timber lands, will double
the Government receipts for royalty and licenses,
will give us all new hope and added energy.
This is not only of moment to us, it concerns
every man, woman and child on the Coast of British Columbia. We want your help; sign the petition, get your neighboi to sign it. Help us tell
our City members that we mean business, and
impress upon the Government of this Province
the fact that we want legislation not for the few
but for the many.
All of which is respectfully submitted on
behalf of
THE B. C. LOGGERS' ASSOCIATION.
Pacific Coast Pipe Co., Ld.
1551 GRANVILLE STREET
VANCOUVER,    -    B. C.
P. O Box 863
Manufacturers of
Telephone 1404
IPC
JSP
iiiiiiC
IfflE-
urnirT-
Wm. Carter, of Grand Forks, i9 building a saw
mill at Danville, Wash., for E. A. Gardner. The
structure is to cost about $20,000.
Machine Banded
Wire Wound
Wooden Stave
Water Pipe
For City and Town Water Systems, Fire
Protection, Power Plants, Hydraulic Mining, Irrigation, Etc.
ONE-HALF THE COST OF
IRON PIPE AND BETTER.
WRITE    ROR    CATALOGUE
MOUNTAIN LUMBERMEN MEET.
A meeting of the Mountain Lumber Manufacturers' Association was held in Nelson on June
22nd, at which considerable routine business was
transacted. A. Leech was chairman and W. F.
Gurd secretary, and 20 members of the association were in attendance.
MARINE AND STATIONARY
Engines and Boilers
Ships, Yachts
... and Tugs
We m a n u fact u r e
Marine Boilers of all
kinds as well as Horizontal Boilers as shown
in cut.
Our Marine and
Stationary Engines are
decidedly highest grade
and our Ships, Yachts
and Tugs have everywhere given the utmost
satisfaction.
We know we can
give you first-class
work and solicit a
chance to quote you.
THE BERTRAM ENGINE WORKS CO., Ltd.
TORONTO,
ONTARIO,    -   -    OANADA 14
BRITISH   COLUMBIA   LUMBERMAN
t !
I
i
f 11
W.
THE WHEELER, 0SC00D COMPANY
TACOMA,
WASHINGTON
.MOULDINGS..   DOORS  COLUMNS,SASH
We are equipped to make
1200 doors per day
With a proportionate amount
of other mill work
We are prepared to make
prompt shipments
SHINGLE   MILL   MACHINERY.
Vancouver, B. C,
January tqih, igoi.
Mr. Frank L. Johnson, Sapper ton, B. C.
ar Sir:
Replying to your enquiry of a few days
igo, as to how we liked the Improved "John-
n" Shingle   Machine which   we recently
ijrchased from the Schaake Machine Works,
are glad to be able to state that we are
ich pleased with it.
We have had  experience  with a  good
ly   styles   of   Shingle    Machines,   and
,Our   opinion   this  one   is   the  best   ot
The two important  points   in   which
machine excels all others is the style of
* »n, and the method of driving the car-
,  the   former   being   very  simple   and
ve, and the latter improvements mak-
le machine work very smooth and easy,
it any jar or jerk.
we   were building another mill  we
ihave no other kind ot machine.
Yours truly,
fSPICER   SHINGLE   MILL  CO.,
Limited.
H. II. SPICER, Manager.
Saw Machines, Jack Works,
Haul-Ups, Log Haul-Up Chains,
nbined Log Dog Grip and Stops,
Friction Log Dog Grip Hoists,
Bolters, Bolt Cutting Machines,
Swing Saw Cutting-off Machines,
Shingle Packers,
Dried Shingle Presses,
ifting, Hangers, Bearings, Pulleys,
Pulley Flanges, Shaft Collars,
Shaft Couplings, Engines, Boilers,
Conveyor Chains, Etc. Etc., Etc., Etc.
Look into the merits and prices of our
machinery before pJacing your orders
"JOHNSON'S" IMPROVED UPRIQHT 8HINQLE MACHINE.
THE SCHAAKE MACHINE WORKS,
NEW WESTMINSTER,
British Columbia
CLIMAX MANUFACTURING CO.,
CORRY, PA.
BUILDER8 OF
Geared Locomotives and Logging Cars.
Built on Modern Locomotive Principles
For Wood and Steel Track Where Great Tractive Power and Flexibility are Required,
Especially on Steep Grades and Sharp Curves.   Write for Catalogue and Prices.
F. M. RAYMOND, Agent,
64   Starr=Boyd Building, Seattle, Wash. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
15
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i z) ro^incial $T>Torn\atioT\ j
txxxxzxzzxxzzxzzxxxxxxxxzxzzzzzzxzzzzzzzxzxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxzzzzxxxxxxxl
The new mill on  Perry Creek  has installed  a
private   telephone  line  to   Cranbrook.
The Mountain Lumber & Manufacturing Association, Ltd., held an important meeting on June
22nd at Nelson.
R. S. Gallop, of Canterbury, East Kootenay,
has commenced work on his logging operations
on Toby creek.
Mr. G. E. Merrill, of Wisconsin, owner of extensive timber limits in British Columbia, is in Europe on a pleasure trip.
St. Eugene Mission Indians cut 500,000 feet
of logs during the winter. These have been pur-
and have been sent down the Kootenay river to
Wardner.
Reports from the Columbia river state that
another large mill is about to be erected, but at
present writing no definite particulars can be
obtained.
R. Cunningham & Son, of Port Essington and
Hazelton, B. C, are advertising the products of
their  mill,   situated   at   the   former   place.
The Moyie Lumber Company has landed nearly
8,000.000 feet of logs in Moyie lake, opposite their
mill. These have been driven in from several
places  tributary to  the lake.
According to the B. C. Gazette a number of
timber limits have been taken up on Toby creek,
East Kootenay. Local papers state that these
are for the Columbia River Lumber Co.
One of the Okanagan Lumber Co.'s log booms
on the Spallumcheen River broke last week and
allowed 500 logs to get away. The balance of
the logs jammed at the bridge and are still there.
The Crow's Nest Lumber Company have completed arrangements for another big drive of 5,-
000,000 feet. The logs arc those cut at the St.
Mary's river camp, and have been banked on
the bluff overlooking the river.
With the commencement of operations on the
Canadian Timber & Sawmills, Ltd.. and the extensive logging 'operations in connection—under
the management of Mr. E. L. Kinman—Trout
Lake City is enjoying a season of extraordinary
prosperity.
Tt is stated that the Elk Lumber & Manufacturing Co., of Fernie, intend putting up a mill at
Hosmer, on the Crow's Nest Pass, at which point
they have several valuable lumber concessions
adjacent. These were included in the deal just
consummated with the Mott, Son & Co., of
Fernie.
Notwithstanding the depressed condition of
the lumber industry, the Victoria Lumber &
Manufacturing Company of Chemainus, arc still
running their plant ten hours a day. The demand in the Northwest is taking up a large
amount of their output, upwards of 100,000 feet
per day being shipped by rail.
The Kamloops Lumber Co., Ltd., recently incorporated, has purchased the mill, timber limits
and logs of the Okanagan Lumber Co., at Enderby, B. C, and it is the intention of the new company to make Enderby its headquarters. The
mill at Kamloops will be increased in capacity
in the near future.
The East Kootenay Lumber Company have
150 men at work at the present time making ties
at    Cranbrook.      They    have    50   men    in    the
camp at Jaffray, and will soon build a railway spur three miles long to tap this camp. The
company has furnished the C. P. R. with over
1,000,000 ties during the past year.
The Elwood Tinworkers Co., which owns the
Silver Dollar mine, adjacent to Camborne, West
Kootenay, will install a compressor plant and
saw mill at an early date, so that development
can be accomplished at a nominal expense. When
the property is sufficiently developed a stamp-
mill will be installed.
The Elk Lumber & Manufacturing Co., of Fernie, B. C, now owned by Minneapolis and Winnipeg capitalists, have purchased the interests of
Mott, Son & Co. in that concern. The deed was
completed on the 27th ulto., when all papers were
handed over to Mr. F. G. Burrows, of Fergus
Falls, Minn., secretary of the company. Mr.
A. D. Kildahl, of Winnipeg, has been installed as
bookkeeper.
The new woodworking shop of William G.
Gillett at Nelson will be in running order in a
few days. The different machines are in place,
the water has been connected with the water
wheel, which is to drive the machinery, and as
soon as the belting is put on the machinery can be
started. An addition, 25 by 18 feet, is being
added on to the rear of the shop, which is to be
used as  a  storage  room  for lumber.
The Nanaimo Saw Mill, owned by Mr. Andrew
Haslam, which was destroyed by fire in May
last has been so far rebuilt that operations were
renewed early this month. For the present Mr.
Haslam will cut for the local trade and will get
out material for the new buildings which are
to replace  those  destroyed  by fire.
The Sayward Mills of Victoria, shipped a large
cargo of mining timbers to Mexico last month
by the schooner John A. Campbell. It is understood that this will be followed by many similar
orders. 	
The Victoria Planing Mills, owned by James
Muirhead, are about to enlarge their wharf premises by an addition of thirty feet fronting on Victoria harbor. The business, under Mr. Muir-
head's careful and at the same time energetic
management, is constantly increasing in volume
and additional space is absolutely necessary in
order to find room for increased plant which is
about to be installed. Mr. Muirhead is one of the
pioneer mill owners of Victoria, and his success
as manager of the important undertaking of which
he is the guiding head gives pleasure to his host
of friends.
The Gourlay McGregor Company, Ltd., of Gait,
Ont., are installing the machinery at the new mill
of the Rat Portage Lumber Co., at Harrison
River. The frame work of the several buildings
is about completed and will be ready to receive
the machinery in a few weeks. The new mill
is quite an imposing sight. The portable mill
now being used by the company on its limits adjacent to Harrison river has been doing good
work and when the mill is ready to start there
will be a big supply of logs on hand. A lumber
yard has been opened at Chilliwack by this company under the charge of Mr. J. H. Jackson.
The Gold River Mining Co., operating a hydraulic mining concession on Bull river, a tributary of the Kootenay river, between Fort Steele
and Wardner, has entered into arrangements
with Wm. Crowston of Cranbrook, to install a
mill at Burnt Bridge creek. The company's operations provide for a large dam and flume,
which, it is estimated, will require nearly two
million and a half feet of lumber. The mill will
have a capacity of 25,000 feet.
It is the intention of the company to install
a large power plant as soon as the flume and dam
are completed, its chief aim being to supply electricity for conversion into power and light in
connection with mining operations, and other
industries in the Kootenay valley. Careful estimates have placed the cost of putting up and de
veloping this enormous power plant at about
$150,000. With a head of 250 feet there is water
sufficient to furnish 5,000 horse power.
Fire destroyed the mill at Sparwood, on the
Crow's Nest railway, near Michel, on the morning
of June 30th. The mill was owned by Mr. W.
Wardrop, and the damage is estimated roughly
at $20,000. Thirteen cars, three of them loaded
with ties, were also destroyed. The fire is attributed to a spark from a C. P. R. engine and
in this connection the Fernie Press says:
"No doubt exists as to the manner in which the
fire originated. An engine was shunting cars
on the siding at 2 o'clock and at three the sawmill buildings were consumed. The course of
the fire was also traced from the yard where the
spark evidently fell. The C. P. R. sent adjusters
to Sparwood, so it is evident the company is preparing to pay damages. The Crow's Nest Coal
Company had an interest to the extent of $4,000
in the mill and this'was fully insured. The remainder was owned by Mr. Wardrop, who only
had $4,000 insurance. The boarding house, with
$600 of stores, was saved. The horses, with some
difficulty, were rescued."
RAILROADS IN THE INTERIOR.
Mr. Patrick Welsh, of Stewart & Welsh, railroad contractors, in speaking about the construction of the Great Northern branch from Morrissey to Fernie, for which his firm has the contract, said that nearly all the sub-contracts had
been let, and that 150 men were at work building
roads, and engaged in other tasks preliminary
to grading. The number of men will be largely
increased as soon as room can be made for them.
The intention was to push the completion of the
road as rapidly as possible. On the branches from
Grand Forks to Phoenix and from Curlew to
Midway, which are also being built for the Great
Northern by his firm, 850 men are now employed,
and the numbers are being increased as rapidly
as room can be made for them. Soon 2,000 men
will be employed.
It is confidently expected that work will be
commenced on the Midway & Vernon line this
summer, and report has it that engineers are now
in the field exploring for a pass for the Great
Northern railway to tap the Osoyoos and Simil-
kameen valleys.
AN OPEN LETTER.
Milwaukee, June 26th,  1904.
To the Editor of British Columbia Lumberman,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Sir,—As you, or some members of your
staff, will undoubtedly visit the St. Louis Exposition, the Allis-Chalmers Company cordially
invite you and your representatives and friends
to use as your headquarters the facilities which
we have provided at our power exhibit in the
Machinery building.
The 5,000 horse power Allis-Chalmers engine
and the Bullock electric generator which form
this exhibit, furnish electric energy for the now
world-famous decorative lighting for the buildings and grounds of the Exposition. The installation stands in the centre of the Machinery building, with commodious spaces all about it, affording views of the largest generating unit ever
placed on exhibition.
These spaces have been so fitted up by the
Allis-Chalmers Company as to afford accommodations the like of which are not to be found at
any other place within the limits of the World's
Fair. Visitors will here find not only comfortable
resting places, but also writing tables and stationery, attendants who will receive and forward
mail and telegrams, and who will check the
parcels and wraps of visitors and provide iced
water, all, of course, free of charge.
Doubtless, also, your readers will wish to make
note of this, for they also will be cordially welcomed.
Yours truly,
ARTHUR WARREN,
Manager of Publicity. 16
BRITISH COLUMBIA  LUMBERMAN
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Mr. Wr. B. Terrell, of the California Saw
Works, spent a week in the city this month.
Mr. Gourlay, of the McGregor, Gourlay & Go.,
Ltd., of Gait, is visiting the Coast in the interests
of his firm. 	
Mr. J. A. Mahoney, manager of the Royal City
Mills, Vancouver, has gone to Winnipeg to take
in the fair at that city.
The marriage of Mr. W. F. Lea, of Huntting
& Lea, took place at Des Moines, Iowa, on June
16th, to Miss O'Neill of that city.
Messrs. Eagleton & Barnes are erecting a small
mill at Collingwood station, on the tram line between Vancouver and New Westminster.
T. Kirkpatrick states that his shingle mill burnt
Westminster on May 24th will not likely
It but that another site may be taken.
,eo.   Perry,  late  city  editor  of  the  Van-
Daily Ledger, has accepted a responsible
with the Pacific Coast Pipe Co., of this
be interesting to know that a collection
samples of New Zealand woods are to
n the museum of the Art, Historical and
Society, in the Carnegie Library, Van-
B. C. 	
.encing on the 12th inst., another conces-
lumber freight rates was made by the C.
whereby the 40-cent rate on the lower
of lumber—excepting cedar—is  operative
itish  Columbia to Manitoba points.
C. Phillips, representing Scott, Hender-
o., of Sydney, N. S. W., arrived on the
from Sydney on a business trip to Can-
the United States for the purpose of ar-
for lumber shipments to Australia.
Pacific Coast Pipe Co. has just received a
wnment of 100 tons of double galvanized iron
from Liverpool, shipped by the Blue Fun-
... of steamers. This will be used in the
facture of their celebrated machine bound,
water pipe.
of the B.
regret to learn that the genial secretary
  _. C. Lumber, Shingle Manufacturers' Association, Mr. R. H. H. Alexander, has been laid
up with an atack of rheumatism for some weeks,
but we are glad to see him about again, even
though with the help of crutches.
Mr. H. N. Clausen, who represents Mr. H. J.
Haskamp at the branch at Dauphin, Man., has
just returned to Manitoba from an extended trip
to the lumber centres of British Columbia, whither
he was familiarizing himself with lumber conditions of the  Province.
E. R. Vigor, travelling representative of the
British Columbia Lumberman, returned last week
from an extended trip through Eastern Canada,
and we take this opportunity 0 fthanking our
many friends and well-wishers for the courtesies
and kindness accorded him.
H. S. Mitchell, manager of the Allis-Chalmers
Company's branch in Seattle, was a visitor to
Vancouver early this month in the interests of
his firm. He reports lumber conditions on the
Sound in much better condition than the expectation of some months ago would have led us to
believe. 	
Messrs. Laidlaw & Campbell, of Carmen,
Man., prominent shareholders in the Manitoba
Lumber Co., have been on a tour of investigation
to the Coast. We learn that from the present
condition of the lumber market, it is not likely
that the contemplated mill on False creek will
be built this year by the company.
The illustration, "Tiny British Columbia Toothpicks," shows part of a shipment of lumber made
by the Royal City Planing Mills branch of the
B. C, Mills Timber & Trading Co., of Vancouver,
to the Montreal Harbor Commissioners at Montreal. The larger "toothpicks" are 67 feet by 25
by 27 inches. The photo was taken in the C P.
R. yards at Vancouver.
TIMBER LICENSES ISSUED.
Mr. Alexander, of the firm of Allen, Taylor &
Co., Sydney, N. S. W., dealers in Australian hardwoods, was a recent visitor in Vancouver, via
San Francisco. Mr. Alexander is en route to
Eastern Canada and the States, and is looking
for new markets for Australian hardwoods. While
in San Francisco he booked some very large orders for hardwoods and ornamental woods.
Mr. Alexander informs us that if he finds conditions warrant his firm may cater to Canadian
trade in the hardwood supplies, such as wagon
shafts, felloes, tool handles, etc.. and erect a factory for that purpose in Vancouver.
For  the  month of June  there  were  124  timbei
licenses   issued,  43  of   these   being  new   license
and Si   renewals.    These are  thus apportioned !
the  severals  districts:
Wist   Kootenay \J
East   Kootenay    30
Lillooet   20
New   Westminster       11
Coast         7
Rupert        6
Barclay     -
Sayward      1
Total    124
Messrs. J. L. Neilson & Co., of Winnipeg, Man.,
machinery agents and dealers, are furnishing
nearly all the woodworking machinery being installed in the Rat Portage Lumber Company's
planing mills at Rat Portage, Man., which was
destroyed by tire last month. This firm is in a
position to handle a great deal of western business
in the machinery line and carry a heavy stock of
engines, boilers, sawmill and woodworking machinery.
We take this opportunity of acknowledging
receipt of the excellent catalogue of Messrs.
Clark & Demill, of Gait, Ont., The catalogue is
profusely illustrated and the several machines
described therein clearly show that the firm's
goods are of the first order. If in the market
for woodworking machinery we would advise
you  to send  for one  of  these  catalogues.
NEW WESTMINSTER'S GAIN.
A recent copy of the Daily News of Ithaca, X.
V., contains the report of a parting tribute to
Mr. George Small, of the firm of Small & Buck-
lin, of that city, on the eve of his departure for
Hritish Columbia. These gentlemen are associated with Mr. E. J. Fader, of New Westminster, and
both are to become residents of that city, Mr.
Bucklin having already taken possession of tin-
fine residence of the late I. B. Fisher on Third
avenue. The Business Men's Association of Ithaca gave a complimentary dinner to Mr. Small,
then vice-president, and made the following re
port:
"The board of directors of the Business Men's
Association of Ithaca, have unanimously adopted
this minute expressive of the esteem for then-
former   colleague,   Mr.   George   Small.
"Coming from an ancient and distant city, an
alien to our land, but no stranger by birth to
our language, our business ideas or OUT public
ideas, he has helped with loyalty and intelligence
to upbuild this community, in whose prosperity
he has shared. No civic improvement which
commended itself to his judgment has ever wanted his earnest advocacy, and to the recent decision of our city to own its own water supply
no other, perhaps, has contributed more than he.
STATEMENT OF FOREIGN   SHIPMENTS   OF LUMBER MADE BY THE B. C. MILLS
TIMBER & TRADING COMPANY, VANCOUVER, B. C, IN 1904.
Date. Name and Rig.
Jan.   26—German bark Hydra  	
Feb. 13—Chilian   bark   Admiral   Tegethoff
11—British   ship  Khyber   	
Mar.   7—British  steamer  Longships   	
22—American bktn. James Johnson..
23—British  bark Linlithgowshire   . ..
4—British steamer Miowera  	
14—British  steamer Ping Suey   	
31—British   steamer  Moana   	
Apr.    8—British   ship  Agamemnon   	
18—British  bg.  Sussex   	
28—British   ship  Belford   	
29—British   steamship   Aorangi   	
30—British  steamship   Ningchow   ...
30—British   steamship  Ningchow   ...
May    3—Am. schooner Lottie Bennett ...
7—Am. schooner Americana 	
27—British steamer Miowera  	
31—British steamer Hyson  	
31 — Hritish steamer Hyson  	
31—British steamer Hyson 	
June 24—Hritish   ship  Manuka   	
24—British shit) Calchas  	
27—Hritish ship Tartar  	
30—British ship County of Kinross..
Tons
742
892
1927
2843
992
1357
1888
4i5o
2414
1212
1771
Destination.
Antofagasta |
Antofagasta |
Freemantle    j     1,665,319
Shanghai    j     1,143785
Shanghai    j     1,233.870
1,12578a
44,029
119,638
35.638
128,588
1,009,440
1,621,165
40,841
42,075
153./OO
644,306
Feet. Value.
573718 1$ 6,682 00
709,901  j    8,259 00
Freemantle	
Suva,   Fiji   	
Kobe, Japan   ...   .
Suva, Fiji	
Hongkong	
Sunderland,  Kng.   .
Sydney,   N.  S.   W.
Suva, Fiji	
Kobe, Japan  ...   .
Hongkong	
496 lJunin,   Chile
839   Osaka, Japan   |    1,023,654
CS55
I Suva,   Fiji   	
JDevonport,   England   ....
I Hongkong  	
|Nagasaki   	
Suva, Fiji  	
jlHongkong   	
I Yokohama   	
'Havre  and  Calais,  France
25,100
168,017
26,624
70,080
30,7'16
29,361
21,386
1.308,662
FOREIGN   LUMBER   SHIPMENTS   FROM   CHEMAINUS.
Date. Name and Rig.
Jan.   17—French   ship  Andre   Theodore.
17—British ship Eskasoni  	
27—German   ship  Chile   	
29—British   steamer   Peleus	
Feb.    5—British  steamer Aorangi   	
6—British  steamer Tydeus   	
Mar. 14—German   ship   Adolph   	
7—British steamer Longships ....
22—American barkentinc   	
May 30—American bktn. T. P. Emigh  .
Tons. Destination. Feet.
1875 I Cardiff, U.  K | 1,584.227
1715 ISydney, N. S. W I 1,430,308
2054 I Callao j 1,806,123
4800 I Kobe, Japan j 28,070
2782 j Sydney |       120,857
4800 jjapan |       196,94'
1651 llquique    | 1,369,442
2843 [Shanghai   I M4378S
992 I Shanghai     1,233.870
923 I Melbourne     1,204,485
19,275 00
13,687 00
15,920 00
11,031 00
870 00
1,400 00
642 00
1.575 00
12,283 00
16,087 00
990 00
841 00
1,817 00
6,710 00
I5.4^>5 00
274 00
10,000 00
332 00
1,380 00
474 00
367 o°
626 00
25,600 00
Value.
$22,500 00
19,950 00
21790 °°
1,010 00
3,818 00
4,704 00
14,560 00
13,687 00
15,920 00
12,795 00 BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
17
"He is now about to leave us for another city,
to which, in turn, ours must seem both distant
and old. In his departure this association loses
an active members and Ithaca a useful citizen.
Our hearty good wishes follow him to his new
borne."
Mr. Small and his associates intend to build
a mill on ithe Fraser river. They own some valuable limits on upper Pitt lake.
NEW RETAIL YARDS.
H. J. Haskamp, of St. Cloud, Minn., is placing
a line of retail lumber yards in the Assiniboine
and Saskatchewan districts, and as will be seen in
the "Want Column" of this issue, is calling for quotations for all kinds of dressed lumber, millwork
and shingles. References can be obtained from
Bradstreet's Agency, Stearns County Bank, St.
Cloud, Minn., First National Bank, North Dakota, The Northwood Lumber Co., Northwood,
North Dakota, Fdmore Mercantile Co., Fdmore,
North Dakota.
Mr. Haskamp has made arrangements to become a member of the Western Retailers' Lumbermen's Association.
ments with an output of $63,000. In 1891 there
were 24, with an output of $1,057,810. The census returns for 1901 have not yet been tabulated.
For 1903 the returns to the Statistical Year Book
show, as given above, 39 establishments, with an
output of $5,219,892. Of the product of Canadian
mills, the customs returns show that during the
calendar year 1903 the export amounted to $3,-
013,441, leaving $2,206,451 for home use. In a
general way, therefore, we export about 57 per
cent, of our production. Of the $3,013,441 worth
exported by Canada in 1903, Great Britain took
$865,826, the United States $1,899,448, and other
countries $248,167. The market for this product
is large. In the calendar year 1903 the requirements of Great Britain were of the value of $12,-
194,224, of which 68.7 per cent, was chemical pulp.
Our export in 1903 to Great Britain was about
7.1 per cent, of her needs.
BRITISH   COLUMBIA   INCORPORATIONS.
B. C. TIMBER EXHIBIT AT ST. LOUIS.
Mary Mackwell, writing in the "Ottawa Citizen," says of the British Columbia timber exhibit
at the St. Louis Exposition:—
"Some  British  Columbia  'show' timbers  stand
The following companies have applied for and
obtained certificates of incorporation in this Province   since  the  publication   of  our  last  issue:
The B. C. Plate Glass and Importing Co., Ltd.;
twenty-five thousand dollars capital, divided into
two hundred and fifty shares of $100 each. To
take over the business of the B. C. Plate Glass
and Importing Co., dealers and importers and
manufacturers of paints, oils, plate, sheet and ornamental glass, etc.
Frnest Miller and Peter Costello made application to make improvements for logging purposes   on   the   Kettle  river   above   Grand   Forks.
John Haggerty & Co., Ltd.; capital $10,000, divided into 10,000 shares of $1.00 each. To carry
on business of contractors, loggers, teamsters,
builders and etc.,
British Columbia Foundry Co., Ltd.; capital
$100,000, divided into 2,000 shares of $50.00 each;
to carry on business of iron foundry, mechanical
engineers, bridge builders and manufacturers of
agricultural implements and other machinery.
Messrs. Bullen Bros., of Victoria, are the prime
movers in the new company.
EN   ROUTE   TO   ST.    LOUIS   EXPOSITION
CANADA'S PULP INDUSTRY.
The wood pulp industry of Canada for the
calendar year 1903, was carried on by 39 mills,
which had an output of 275,610 tons of wood
pulp. Of this quantity 187,871 tons were mechanical pulp, 84,808 sulphite and 2,940 soda. The corresponding quantities for 1002 were: Mechanical,
155,210 tons; sulphite, 70,735 tons, and soda, 9.044
tons. The total value of the output of 1903 was
$5,110,892. There are several large mills in course
of construction, or which, being finished, did not
operate during the year 1903. Two or three firms
have gone out of business or manufacture only
paper where before they made pulp.
Nine of the 39 mills manufacture sulphite pulp
and three soda pulp. Twenty-seven manufacture
mechanical pulp and five make both chemical and
mechanical pulp. Taking the returns of 39 mills
the average time the mills ran during the year
was nearly nine months.
The power to drive the mills is chiefly derived
from water. Of a total power equal to 110,630
horse power, 102,060 is water power.
The growth of the industry is considerable.
In the census of 1881  there were five establish-
in this section which makes the lookers-on
wonder if it is possible to believe this comes from
'little' Canada? One piece of timber stands ten
feet in diameter. The circumference of another
sample measures 32 feet. This is the Douglas fir,
and well known as one of our finest grades of
timber. You are informed in this section that
'British Columbia exports 120.000,000 feet of
lumber annually.' This is one of the things that
takes away your breath."
The accompanying illustration shows part of
the British Columbia exhibit for St. Louis loaded
on a flat car as it lay in the C. P. R. yard previous to shipment from Vancouver.
CONCATENATION OF HOO-HOO.
OBITUARY.
A concatenation of the above popular order
among lumbermen, will be 'held in Winnipeg, during the exhibition week. All members of the
order are expected to take an interest in this
concatenation and assist in every possible way
in securing of good members. Information to
intending aspirants will be furnished upon application to Mr. C. B. Housser, Portage la Prairie,
Man.
George McAllister while engaged in logging
operations at Union Bay, fell into the water and
was drowned, the latter end of June.
C. Crabbc, an employee of the Fmpire Lumber
Company, of Revelstoke, was drowned while bathing in a slough near the company's 20-mile camp,
between Revelstoke and Arrowhead, on the 22nd
ul to.
W. Campbell, lumberman, aged 30 years, died
suddenly of hemorrhage while being conveyed by
boat from the shingle bolt camp at Seymour Arm,
Shuswap Lake, where he worked, to Annis.
Mr. J. R. Turnbull, well known in the Boundary section of the Province, was killed at his
mill near Brandon, early this month. He had
recently purchased the plant and was passing
the big circular saw at the time when he slipped
and was thrown upon it and horribly mutilated.
Chicago receipts for lumber from January to
July—lumber, 672,477,000; shingles, 222,481,000;
shipments—lumber, 404,770,000; shingles, 241,-
280,000. IS
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
THE   LUMBER   INDUSTRY   IN
NEW ZEALAND.
l:.     \
J
|.  s.   MA I I HEWS.
One of the most valuable of the national assets
of New Zealand is the extensive forests with
which that country is almost entirely covered)
and the manufacture of lumber is consequently
one of her most lucrative industries. She has
been beneficiently endowed by nature with a profusion of luxuriant vegetation ranging from the
tiny horticulture of the forest depths to the great
towering mammoths forming her rich variety of
ornamental and common commercial woods. ()t
course, in comparison with the vast timbered
areas and immense operations conducted on the
Pacific Slope, her forest possessions and her
lumber industry dwindle into insignificance, but
it will be well to remember that the great products of Xew Zealand are more closely identified
with agricultural and pastoral pursuits, and in
this respect her wealth needs no demonstration.
It would extend this article to llllwieldly pro-
. to allude, even briefly, to the dense
splendor which lines the interior of this
ipical land, so that my remarks must be
confined to those trees which, by reason
large proportions, merit mention, and
her woods of smaller calibre as are of
cial value. Of the former there are some
more varieties scattered throughout the
nd figuratively speaking, to a greater or
gree. each of these varieties has appor-
jelf tn snine particular district in which,
n of sundry conditions suited to its
t has become predominant, its prolific
causing the partial exclusion of the
g kind-. Peculiar to the northern half
orth Island, .>r the Province of Auckland,
kauri," a massive pine of impressive
ce, ranking amongst the finest forest
of the world.    It i- this tree which con
stitutes the vertebrae of the   New  Zealand timber
trade.
In the investigation of the characterises ol the
New Zealand timbers and the methods in VOgUC
in that country fur the reduction of the raw
material into the finished article, let us imagiu
arily repair to one of 'he many logging camps a
few miles north of the City of .Auckland. After
Scrambling through a network of "supplejacks"
and other entwining vine-, which hang in interwoven masses from the tree tops, ;i trail of
destruction marking our course through the beds
of frail ferns which carpet the earth, we soon
arrive at the bushfeller's "whare," or shack, a
flimsy structure of palm leaves and poles, Surrounding us in close array are the tall. Stately
kauri, their Stout rotund trunks encased in a
clean, slate-colored bark, reaching without branch
or blemish, to a height of 50. So, or even more
feet in the air. and their massive heads spreading
out majestically over the surrounding bush. The
average diameter of these noble trees is from five
to seven feet, though much larger specimens are
common, and one exceptionally large "old man,"
preserved as a curiosity in a New Zealand park,
has attained the huge dimensions of 17 feet in
diameter in  wooden solidity.
The mild temperature of the New Zealand climate is very noticeably shown in the shape of
the "kauri's" trunk, inasmuch as its stems and
branches do not assume that tapered form
common to trees of semi-frigid climates, but
maintains its girth with but slight decrease as it
proceeds upwards. This is. of course, a very
advantageous feature, as it not only minimizes
waste in manufacture, but also, by permitting the
felling of the tree closer to the earth, adds to the
length of the log. Another happy trait i- the
narrowness of the belt of sap, which rarely
exceeds three or four inches. The bark, too, i-
thin, being usually about one inch in thickness.
The wood is slightly resinous, strong, firm, and
of a close, uniform grain, free from alternate
rings of pith and hard wood so frequent in trees
indigenous to localities where the different sea
sons are marked by extremes id' heat and cold
The manufactured article is admirably adapt( rl
for all classes of buildings, joinery, and interim
fittings, while its strength and durability combini
in making it invaluable for bridges, wharves and
other   external   USCS,        It   has   also   been   used   |
great  advantage   for  ships'  spars,  and  was  in  tin
early days of  the  past  century, ere  the advent  nl
-team,  lavishly   patronized  by  the  oaken  walls of
11 er  late   Majesty's  Navy,
The systems adopted by the lowers f,,,- tnc
delivery of logs at salt water do not differ ver\
materially from those in common Usage heir
True it 1- that flumes are not in use, but there are
ieu cases where they could be used to advantage
Logging engines with wire cable- have mu been
introduced. Tramways, usually operated b)
bullock power, are common on the lower levels,
but the broken and irregular formation of tin
Country to which the kauri is, for the most part,
native, is responsible for the fact that the more
frequent means resorted to is by floating the tree-
down the Streams, The islands t<\ New Zealand
are long, narrow and hilly, and the consequent
result  of tin-,  high  water-lied  i-  that   the  Streams,
which are both small and swift, render necessary
the erectnm of timber dam-. These are built
during the dry summer months, and tilled by the
winter rams, while the following spring witnesses
tin' release >>f the thousands of tons of pent up
waters, and the harvesting of the logs which have
been yarded into the creek beds below.
There are few sights which are more exliiliaiat
ing than the tripping of a dam. Freed from 11-
bondage the surging wall of water roar- through
the flood S-rate- in a foaming, raging torrent,
carrying helter skelter on its breast the grinding
mass of logs, until tidewater 1- reached, and they
are caught in tin- boom-, or, a- ill luck will some
times   have   it.   they   jam.
Presuming, however, that the logs are safely
collected in the boom-, the problem of transportation to the mill- imw presents it-elf.  Hence-
VANCOUVER LUMBER COMPANY,
MANUFACTURERS OF ALL KINDS OF
LIMITED
Rough and Dressed Lumber
I, South End Cambie St. Bridge
P. 0. Box 173
VANCOUVER, B. C.
FIR
WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF LOCAL
AND NORTHWEST TRADE	
SPRUCE
CEDAR
Good Material Reasonable
Prices Prompt Service
HEMLOCK
EQUAL  FACILITIES   FOR   SHIPPING   BY   WATER   OR   RAIL i
11
BRITISH  COLUMBIA   LUMBERMAN
19
W. J. SHEPPARD, Waubaushene, Ont., President
J. Q. SCOTT, Vancouver, B. O, General Manager
Pacific Coast Lumber Company,
Ltd.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Fir, Cedar and Spruce Lumber, Lath, Houldings, Turned Work, Etc.
HIGH GRADE RED CEDAR SHINGLES
CAPACITY—Saw Mill, 150,000 feet per 10 hours;  Lath Mill, 25,000 per 10 hours; Shingle Mill, 300,000 per 10 hours ; with
ample Planing Mill and Dry Kiln Capacity to Handle our output.
PACIFIC COAST LUMBER COMPANY. LIMITED
Cedar, Fir and Spruce
CHOICEST STOCK
EDGE GRAIN CEDAR A SPECIALTY
Prompt Shipments Superior Grades
Mail Orders Respectfully Solicited
J. D. SINCLAIR
Lumber Manufacturer ...VANCOUVER, B. C.
THE CANADA METAL CO
TORONTO, CANADA
MANUFACTURE
Lead and Tin Pipe, Wire and Bar Solder,
Babbit Metal, Electrical Battery Zincs,
fuse Wire, Stereotype and Machine Metal
and Phospher Tin	
HANDLE
BUY
Pig Lead, Tin Copper and
Antimony	
Drosses from Lead, Tin, Zinc
and Stereotype  	
THIS
SPACE   RESERVED
FOR
SHELDON & SHELDON
GALT, ONTARIO
MANUFACTURERS OF
Lumber Dry Kiln Equipments.
Shop and Kiln
Trucks and Cars.
Shavings Exhaust Systems,
Fans, Blowers, Etc	
WATCH FOR NEXT ISSUE 20
BRITISH  COLUMBIA  LUMBERMAN
'■
■
'
1
1
■
1
},
,
k
:
1
11.
forth the tactics of the Antipodean lumberman
diverge widely from those of his Canadian contemporary.   The curiosity ^i the visitor will be
aroused by the arrive! at the booms, under their
own sail, of small, flat-bottomed vessels of the
scow type. They are schooner rigged, equipped
with a centreboard, ami other requisite paraphernalia of a sea-going vessel, and are manned by a
crew of from three to live men. At first sight,
their mission, the carriage of the logs to the mills,
will not, perhaps, be imagined, but, surprising as
it may seem, it is their purport. The loading is
accomplished in the following manner: -The bulwarks are first removed, and two rows of logs
floating parallel with the scow are drawn up, one
row on each side of the vessel. Two chains are
then passed under the nearest log, one at each
end. These chains are. at one end, strongly
secured to the deck, while the other end, after
passing under the floating log, goes through a
pulley at the masthead, and then descends again
to the deck, where it is attached to a windlass.
The windlass is manned and the log slowly
heaved up the side of the scow, until having
cached the level of the deck, it rolls on, and is
astened. With the additional aid of a couple of
briber jacks, 15 or 20 logs, containing per-
aps 60,000 to 100.000 feet, are one by one slowly
ded in two pyramidal tiers on either side of
masts, and the heavily laden vessel, her decks
ost awash, sets sail for her destination. The
ading is, of course, merely a matter of letting
ogs roll off into the water. During recent
towage by tugs has been gaining in fre-
jy, but as yet cannot be said to have cstab-
any very great foothold. Its unpopularity
rhaps he partially justified on account of
k having to be done in the open sea, on
fed coast, no place for a boom of logs in
nd then again, it is presumably attribut-
he apparently defective manner in which
« formed. Tn place of being drawn up
s with boom sticks and swifters, the
to attach them individually by means of
and chain slipped through a hole bored
y across at each end of each log, to a
lie which passes up the centre of the boom
g. Tt would appear to be a method which
mical neither in time nor labor, and so far
jhunity from loss is concerned, it is difficult
em just where it possesses any advantage
ormation by sections. However, scows still
ue to perform by far the greater part of the
porting, and mournfully slow as this mode
be, it is sufficiently rapid to keep the New
fand  mills  in   motion,  as  will   be   shown.
Having thus briefly reviewed the transport of
the log from its native heath to the mills, we will
betake ourselves to the top of the mill slip, and
watch the progress of manufacture into lumber.
It might be well here to tell our readers that compared to the mills of the Pacific Slope, those of
New Zealand are primitive to a degree, and the
methods in vogue are for the most part the same
as those in use 25 years ago. Tt will be immediately noticed that steam "niggers" and other such
facilities for the rapid handling of logs are, to
use a hackneyed phrase, "conspicuous by their
absence." Two pairs of brawny hands clutching
two timber jacks are the motive power used to
place a log on a carriage of somewhat prehistoric
design; a mere flat platform sunk level with the
mill deck, and geared for the forward and backward motions. This carriage moves slowly
against a large upright saw in a frame working
perpendicularly, and locally known as a "breakdown" for jig saw). This saw makes but one cut
at a time, and, of course, saws on the downward
motion only, so that after the lapse of sufficient
time the log is cut in two. But should, perchance,
the original stick be a large one, it will be necessary to again split the two halves ere the
"flitches" can be slid, again, with muscle as a
motive power, onto a small travelling bench
working against a 5oin. or 6oin. circular, which
trims them to the required size for the small gang
or  other  saws.
Tt can now be more easily understood how it
is that the capacitv of the largest mill in New
Zealand (indeed it is reputed to be the largest in
the southern hemisphere) the Kauri Timber Com
pany's mill, at Auckland, is, liberally, but 30,000
feet per diem. It is only fair to add that during
the last two or three years some few band saws
and double circulars have been installed in the
New Zealand mills, but their number is very
limited, and many of the largest mills are still
unequipped with these helpful modem appliances.
It must not be construed that it is the inteii
tion of the writer to wantonly bring ridicule on
the ways ami means of the New Zealand manufacturer, but to give an accurate account of the
Conditions which prevail, which may perhaps be
valuable as well as interesting to the reader.
More English perhaps than England, this Imperialistic little colony suffers, to a marked extent,
in many respects from British conservatism,
from John Hull's characteristic tardiness in the
adoption of new and improved appliances, such
as are in general use in the North American continent, and this, in conjunction with a more
moderate supply and demand than prevails on
the Pacific coast is responsible for these weaknesses.
Hut the New Zealand manufacturer does not
always labor at a disadvantage. Climatic conditions coupled with the proximity of all points
to deep water, the latter eliminating the necessity of long hauls by rail in which every pound
weight means more freight charges, have happily
rid him of that troublesome and treacherous
accessory, the dry kiln. It may safely be said
that there is not one in New Zealand. During
the greater part of the year the rainfall is light,
and the sub-tropical sun quickly seasons the
greenest of lumber.
The labor employed is entirely white. Labor
unions are very strong, and are responsible tor
much of the advanced social legislature which
has brought notoriety to New Zealand. Main-
years ago a poll tax of $500 was set on all
Orientals seeking admission, and it has effectually
fulfilled its purpose in the discouragement of
these gentlemen conferring their dubious favors
to  the  disadvantage  of  the  working  man.
The price of kauri bigs delivered at the mills
ranges from 4s. to 6s. 6d. per 100 feet, according
to girth and quality. These are controlled by a
Sawmillers' Association. The present ruling
prices on rough building timber are given below:—
First-class  16s 6d per 100 feet.
Second-class    13s 6d per 100 feet
Third-class    10s 6d per 100 feet
Flitches  (all  heart)    14s 6d per  100 feet
and  are  subject to a  discount  of 5  per  cent.
A rough estimate of the present annual cut for
the whole of New Zealand places it at about
200.000,000 superficial feet, of which amount perhaps two-thirds would be kauri. Regrettable to
say. as a result of continued excessive denudation, the supply is diminishing rapidly, and ere
many years must become so small as to be practically exhausted. Fully conscious that this is
inevitable, the Government of New Zealand have
already taken steps for the husbanding of the
remaining bushes, and have devised various regulations to restrict ruthless cutting, and they are
also stimulating the culture of English oak,
poplar, etc. The growth of the kauri is extremely
slow, so that the possibility of replenishment from
that source is practically nil.
In this connection it may be mentioned that the
present duty on foreign lumber entering New
Zealand is 2s. per 100 feet. Some six or seven
years ago, Sir Joseph Ward, then, and still a
member of the Seddon Cabinet, returning through
Canada from England, was instrumental in the
partial arrangement of a reciprocity treaty
between New Zealand and Canada, containing a
clause under which this duty would have been so
reduced as to have admitted Canadian lumber
practically free of duty. As the abolition of this
protection would have resulted in the flooding of
the country with Canadian lumber, and the immediate stifling of their industry, the mill owners
set up a loud howl of protest, which effectually
prevented its ratification. The market prices on
kauri have been steadily advancing for a number
of years, so that eventually it would seem that
this duty will have to be partially, if not wholly,
removed, and a new field for the Canadian product will then be opened up.    Of course, there is
no immediate likelihood of this, as at  the pre
sent   time   New   Zealand   not   only   supplies   her
own   wants,   but   also   makes     considerable   ship
incuts to the United  Kingdom, the Soutl   African
and  Australian   markets,  as  well  as  to  the  South
Sea   Islands.
Shingles are nut manufactured to any extent,
ami where they are, they are usually split b\
hand. The cheapness ot corrugated iron in com
parison with timber, the danger of tire from .1
wooden roof in their dry climate, and the fan
that none <>t their woods are well adapted for this
use are the principal causes for the absence "!
shingles.
The remaining varieties of timber, of equall)
gigantic dimensions, are indigenous principal!)
to the more southern portions of the islands, but
being numerically less, do nut constitute such a
valuable asset as the "kauri." The graceful
"rimu" with its unique plumes of drooping needles
hanging from its boughs, is highly valued fot
doors and panelling, on account of its rich, multicolored markings. The "matai," the sacred tree
of the Maoris, is a hard, brittle, yellow wood, in
favor for flooring, "ti account of its hardness,
and the fine polish it will take. The white pine,
soft, spongy, tasteless and white, is extensively
used for making boxes for the packing of butter,
one of New Zealand's principal exports.
The "totara" is a pink colored wood of the
cedar family, its greatest merit being its grea;
durability. It is a noteworthy fact in connection
with this wood, that, at a recent examination of
the condition of the piles in the Sue/ Canal, the
palm was awarded to the New Zealand totara, all
of which were found to be in an excellent state of
preservation, The rata, the pohutukawa, the tawa
and the enau, purin and pukatea. and the scores
of smaller trees, each have their own peculiar
beauty, the brilliant, ornamental markings of
their grain, and Other virtues, but space forbids a
description of the luxuriant galaxy of flora native
to that radiant southern land. hew countries,
indeed, possess so varied an assortment of mammoth forest growth, and it is ..nly to be regretted
that the quantity is not greater the quality could
scarce be better.
AS OTHERS SEE US.
The   stah
manufacture
Situ-
extreme  western  limit  of
f the British Columbia lumber
,....,,,,,.,. ,,., - with reference to competition from
Puget Sound and other American lumber is really
pathetic, say-, the "American Lumberman
ated as they are at the
Canada, and over the mountai is at that, with but
one railway outlet into the Northwest Territories,
they can put up no effectual tight for their rights
as against the Dominion as a whole. Hritish Col
umbia wants a tariff placed on American lumber
so that the mills of that Province can have the
exclusive advantage of selling their product in
the prairie country, rapidly settling up, east of
the mountains.    They  want  this market with an
ine mountains. 1 ney want tins mantel wun an
exceeding and very hungry want. And who can
blame   them?
Tin
ie British Columbia lumbermen, during the
consideration of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway
''•ill in the Dominion Parliament, sought to secure
ir,      When   the  annual
being   discussed   they   made   aiiothei
I I 1 I I    III     Oil       I   'Ol I u I I II II I     I    Mill,
legislation   in   their     favoi
budget  was being discuss    .   ..
effort to have an imporl duty placed on American
lumber. When the tariff was somewhat modified
to favor Canadian and English manufacturers and
the "dumping" feature was put in to prevent the
unloading of American overproductions into
Canada, the Hritish Columbia mill operators took
the opportunity to insist that "dumping" should
apply to Puget Sound and mountain low grade
lumber that was being constantly dumped into
Manitoba and the Northwest Territories. 1 he
Victoria Colonist says in this connection:
"Although there was nothing in the announcement made from Ottawa that rough lumber was
included fin the tariff changes] yet we considered
:t scarcely possible, considering the injustice
inflicted by the present arrangement, that it could
have been overlooked entirely. As the result ol
query, however, the following dispatch was
received   from   the   Colonist's  Ottawa  conespoi BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
21
dent: 'Dumping clause does not apply to free
goods, consequently rough lumber, which is free,
is not affected. The clause, however, will apply
to dressed lumber and all manufactured articles
of lumber.' "
The Colonist continues: -"Here we have an
anomalous and almost inconceivable state of
affairs presented. Every industry already protected -and every other industry in Canada except
lumber is protected—has a special 'dumping
clause' in its favor. Our lumber, which is not
protected, in practically its only available market
and is debarred by high duties from seeking a
market in the United States, is subjected to the
additional handicap of being excluded from the
special favors extended to all already protected
industries."
Yet the British Columbia lumbermen can
scarcely expect to make headway against the
apathy, on the one hand, and the opposition, on
the other, of all Canada outside their own Province. Manitoba and the Northwest Territories
want free lumber, no matter whence it comes; the
old provinces have dropped into the mood of
ignoring the American tariff entirely, feeling that
they are doing well enough despite the American
attitude, and that Canada is able to care for herself. British Columbia lumbermen are thus left
out in the cold, and little heed is paid to the
clamor of her timber owners and sawmill men
about the rough lumber trade er..i of the mountains. But the operators in that Province will
yet have their day. They now are forced to hold
their timber to a degree because they cannot profitably sell it or its products. Within a few years
they may be satisfied that they were thus forced
to hold their timber. With a dense population
in the prairie country eastward, and many thriving cities and towns, surely to come, there will
be such a demand for their lumber as will force
up the price of stumpage and lumber to such a
degree that owners of timber and operators of
mills will care as little for any American competition or tariff as do the lumbermen of Ontario
today. In that not far distant time the lumbermen of British Columbia will be heard in fhe
national councils when they speak, because tiiey
will be masters of the western situation. But for
a time they will have to wait and anticipate the
good things in store for them, now in prospect,
but  certain  of  consummation.
READY FOR BUSINESS.
The New Mill of the Canadian Timber & Sawmills
Ltd., Commences Operations.
The mill at Trout Lake, erected by the Canadian Timber & Sawmills Company, Ltd., an English company, commenced cutting this month,
and to the "Trout Lake Topic" are we indebted
for the following description of the plant::—
Power was turned on to the wheels of the big
sawmill early this week, and the machinery
throughout operated without a hitch. The main
building consists of two stories, 166x34 feet °f
floor space on each. To the west are the log
booms, with a capacity of 5,000,000 feet of logs.
The logs are taken up to the second story by a
jack-ladder to the log deck, from where they are
handled by the kicker and nigger to the carriage
and thence on to the big handsaw, capable of cutting 60,000 feet per day. After passing through
the saw the boards and timber are carried on live
rollers, the boards to the edger, containing twelve
saws, and thence to the trimmer, six saws, then
down the transfer to trucks, when it is taken to
the dry kiln. After leaving the kiln they pass to
the  planer.
The square timber is carried on past the edger
to the yard by the rollers.
On the other side of the live rollers and opposite the edger is the slasher, with six saw-., which
takes the slabs, cuts them into lath material and
carries them over to the lath machines. Farther
on is the shingle room, with two machines, each
with a capacity of 40,000 shingles per day. These
are cut and drop down a chute to the knot-sawyer
and thence to the packer.
The dry kiln, which is not yet completed, will
be to the north of the main building, and have a
floor space of 72x100 feet. To the cast of the dry
kiln is the planing mill, 7.' feet square, in which,
are Ww planers and a re-saw machine. The
largest of the planers will take a timber 8x26 and
finish all four sides at once; another is for ship-
lap, another for siding, another for ceiling and
flooring, and another for mouldings. In this
department eight men will be employed, under
the direction of J. V. Saunier.
On the top floor of the main building opposite
the big saw is the filing room, 20x30 feet, fitted
up with all the latest automatic appliances foi
grinding, rolling and brazing. In this room are
stored the band saws, ten in number, besides innumerable circular saws. Further on is another
room fitted up for the filing and repairing of
circular saws. On the lower floor is the machine
shop, which contains the electric dynamo, engine,
lathes, planer, drill presses, etc.
To the north and adjoining the main building
is the power plant, consisting of three return
tubular boilers, 5x16 feet, an auxiliary vertical
boiler for pumping purposes, boiler feed water
pump and fire pump capable of throwing streams
from six two-inch hydrants. The engine is a
Rogers make of over 300 horse power, carrying
two driving wheels of 12 feet each in diameter.
There is also another smaller engine for supplying power to the planing mill. By fall it is anticipated there will be a third engine installed for
the purpose of supplying light to the town. The
boilers will be worked under a pressure of 150
pounds to the square inch.
The yard room will be all platform, 200 feet
square, and the slips 150x50 feet. A sluice pump
has also been installed, which will carry all the
dumps. A blacksmith shop has also been built,
where all the work of the plant can be attended to.
From the time the log reaches the foot of the
jack-ladder everything is handled automatically
until the finished product is piled up ready for
shipment. The whole plant is evidence that the
builders had a thorough knowledge of their
business.
AMONG THE MACHINERY MANllf ACT11RERS.
The A. R. Williams Machinery Co.
Among the machinery manufacturers and dealers in this Canada of ours, none have reached the
magnitude of the A. R. Williams Machinery
Company, Limited, head office Toronto, and with
branch businesses in Montreal and Winnipeg.
This firm started from small beginnings in Toronto over twenty years ago, and by their industry
O
what!
the^
ming
poor
paint?
You are painting to PRESERVE
as well as beautify—what's the
use of using the ordinary kind
of paint when you can get P. &
B. with all Its preservative,
tenacious and element resisting
qualities?
P. & B. PAINT can be used
to equal advantage on stone,
wood and metals.
Booklet free.
THE   PARAFFINE
PAINT  CO.     7
24 Second Street, San Francisco
Los Angelei,   Portland, Seattle,  Denver
HENRY   DARLING
Agent for Western British Columbia
and Vancouver Island
18 Powell St.
Vancouver. B. C.
The Gurney Standard Metal Co.,
AGENT8
CALGARY, ALBERTA
foundries, pumping machinery, cement making
plants, etc., also a full stock of engineers', mill
and factory supplies, such as shafting, hangers,
pulleys, belting, chucks, twist drills, Babbitt metal,
foundry supplies, pipe, pipe fittings, valves, packing, hose, nozzles, etc., etc. In addition to che
Canadian-made machinery, they handle a number
of American made machines exclusively, such as
drilling machines and lathes, made by W. F. &
John Barnes. The Harrington screw hoist,
Shinier matcher and cutter heads and cutters,
the Cleveland Twist Drill Co.'s drills, O. & S.
engines and boilers, etc. This firm also deals
extensively in second-hand rebuilt machinery.
They have a large factory in Toronto which is devoted to rebuilding second-hand machinery.     As
TORONTO Ht»0 OrriCE   »FACTOR*
and handling only first-class goods they have
built up a very large trade, which extends from
Newfoundland to Victoria, B. C. The lines they
manufacture and handle embrace steam engines
and boilers of all sizes, and for stationary, factory
and mill use, steamboats, hoisting engines and
boilers, logging engines and boilers, also gas and
gasoline engines of all sizes, water wheels, sawmill machinery, shingle mill machinery, lath mill
machinery, planing mill, sash and door machinery,
furniture factories, dry kilns, machine shops and
in a business so extensive as theirs it is necessary to trade with customers, taking a machine
that they are not using and selling them another
machine which they require, these second-hand
machines taken in trade are subjected fro a rigid
examination and all necessary repairs are done to
put them in first-class working order, so that any
customer buying a rebuilt machine from the shops
of the A. R. Williams Machinery Company can
feel perfectly secure in getting a good article.
This point has been demonstrated to this concern •>•>
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBKRMAN
ST,'   «'
ii, ■    A
many, many times, For illustration, some u
years ago the Victoria Chemical Company, of
Victoria, I'.. C. purchased a second-hand engine,
which was shipped them and has been in constant
use since. About two years ago this company
wrote the Williams Company that if they had
another second-hand engine the same size and in
as good condition as the one they had previously
bought some ten years before, to ship it. Fortunately the Williams Company had an e lgine
just similar to the one sold the Victoria Chemical
Company, so that they were able to till the order,
and this second engine has proved just as satisfactory as the first one. This is but one of the
many illustrations which the A. R. Williams Company could give regarding their second-hand
rebuilt machinery. We understand that it is this
Company's intention to establish in the near future a branch of their business in Vancouver for
the convenience of their P.. C. customers; also
to have a branch in St. Johns, X. B. This will
give them a line of warehouses extending from
the Atlantic t" the Pacific, and will be a great
convenience to machinery u-ers throughout Canada, enabling them to secure the best make of
aachines promptly. The British Columbia Lum-
erman hopes that they will very soon have their
C. warehouse established in Vancouver, as it
fill a long felt want with the machinery users
pur Province, and the Williams Company be-
ehind the project, we feel sure that a suffi-
stock will be carried to meet all require-
of this Province. The accompanying il-
ion gives an idea of their premises at Tor-
d Montreal. They have a floor space earn Toronto of about 75.000 square feet.
Jso carry a large stock in Montreal and
g. All orders are tilled with despatch,
ne of the many aims of this company to
ery large stock, so as to enable them to
6 promptly. Anyone wanting anything
es. boilers, machinery and supplies,
^§nd this company specifications of their
nts before placing any orders.
Hock list No. 46 is just from the press,
be mailed    promptly    on application.
GREAT   SAW   MANUFACTURING   WORKS.
The firm of R, Hoe & Co., New York, have
been engaged in the manufacture of circular saws
for nearly a century. They were the first to make
circular saw- from cast Steel, and later originated
the inserted tooth saw. one of the greatest inven
tions ever made for the inillinan's benefit, Their
works  give   employment   to  2,500  men.  and   have
streets. The most important feature is the clock
tower, which can be seen from almost any point
"ii lower Manhattan Island or Brooklyn.
The great demand for the lloe -aw is illustrate '
by a review of the work going on in the vast
buildings. In the saw shops, going from him
department to another, we first see an almost
endless line of anvils where, in the hands ol
-killed artisans, multitude.- of saws are being put
a floor area of over fifteen acres, occupying two
blocks in the city of New Y"rk. Their saw-
are in use everywhere in the United State- anil
Canada.
The Hoe establishment i.- a landmark of New
York city, the accompanying illustration being a
bird's eye perspective of the works. The buildings stand on somewhat elevated ground, declining to the front of the East river. The works
face   on   Grand,   Broome.   Sheriff   and   Columbia
into shape under the hammer, after coming from
the machine-. These saws are of the best steel,
The machines in the manufacture of the plate-
have done their work well, but there -till remains
the final touches of the expert mechanic l" give
them   their   recognized   excellence.
Further on there are the punching machines
fur toothing -aw-, and then we come to a room
where line milling machines are engaged in
grooving the -hanks or bit bidders for the patent
WASHINGTON
c\
ing
ngm
Embody the latest improvements suggested by practical loggers. They are
strongest and most durable,  requiring least attention and  fewest  repairs.
BUILT IN ALL SIZES, SINGLE, DOUBLE and TRIPLE DRUMS
Patent steam friction, Turner's patents, and our new lock lever friction devices. Over 750 Engines now in use in Washington, Oregon, California, British Columbia, Alaska, Nicaragua and the
Philippines.      Write  us  your  requirements and  we will send complete specifications and prices.
Washington Iron Works Go.
WASH. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
23
chisel-tooth saw, which is a specialty with this
firm. The chisel bit room is filled with emery
grinding machines, which finish the bits for this
saw. About six million of these bits are made
in a year, and as showing the skill and care required, each one is handled seventeen or eighteen
times before leaving the factory. In the blacksmith shop are immense trip hammers, under
which the chisel bits are forged at a single blow.
The dies used in these hammers are all made on
the premises.
There is another important department where
the "V" for receiving and holding the chisel bits
and shanks is put in the saw plate. As the "V"
must be exactly in the centre of the plate, this is
a very delicate operation. Then there are the
grinding shops, where the circular saw grinding
machines, made under patents held by the firm,
are in ceaseless operation.
The greatest achievement of R. Hoc & Co. in
the manufacture of saws, i.s their patent chisel-
tooth saw, brought out by them after long experimenting, of which there are now over 40,000
in use. It is a marvel of simplicity and effectiveness. At its earliest introduction its merits were
at once recognized by milimen, and the demand
for it, with its added improvements, has overtaxed the resources of the establishment. The
saws as now made are guaranteed for any work
from the half-inch feed of a small country mill to
the enormous feeds cut in the regions of hemlocks, red woods and pines. This saw will run
with two-thirds the power taken to run a solid
saw of the same size, while the lumber made by
it  is  smoother.
The admirable qualities of the chisel-tooth saw
are shown by the great strength and durability
of its parts. The cutting bit, being short, is very
stiff, and its circular back being grooved, matches
the plate by means of a "V" on the inside of the
round socket, which prevents any rocking movement, so that, when the bits are in place, they are
as firm as the teeth in a solid saw.
The bits come already spread or swaged, and
the amount of filing necessary to keep them in
order is reduced to a minimum. They are so
readily changed that the saw need never be taken
from the mandrel, and as much as 250,000 feet of
lumber have been cut with one set of bits. They
run a long time before sharpening is necessary,
and may be pointed up with a file from one to
twenty   times.
The chisel bits are forged of such excellent
material and into such perfect shape that they do
not break when cutting knots, and when by accident they run upon iron or stone, the cost and
damage is not one-twentieth of that occasioned
to a solid-tooth saw. A large circular solid saw,
it is true, in cutting a nail or stone, may not dull
more than half a dozen teeth, but in order to put
it in condition for work again it must be cut down
rounded and all the teeth swaged out and filed
to an edge, so that the cost of labor, loss of time
and reduction of the saw, under the most favorable circumstances, would not be less than five
dollars, while on a chisel-tooth saw it would be
at the most only the price of half a dozen bits,
say twelve cents, while the danger of breaking
the plate is very slight.
The majority of the mills in the United States
Canada, Cuba and Mexico have found that they
cannot afford to be without a chisel-tooth saw,
and they are also being generally adopted
throughout other parts of the world.
SPECIAL   BARGAINS   IN
SECOND-HAND   MACHINERY.
WANTED AND FOR SALE
TO BENEFIT SETTLERS.
Ottawajune 25.—An Order-in-Council was passed last month by the Dominion Cabinet permitting settlers to cut dry timber upon Dominion
lands and the railway belt in Hritish Columbia
and in the Northwest at the rate of 25 cents per
thousand feet board measure, the previous fee
being $1.50 to $3.00.
We are glad to learn that Mr. T. A. Hollinrake,
of the A. R. Williams Machinery Co., has sufficiently recovered from his recent accident to be
able to be round again. Mr. Hollinrake is a frequent  and  welcome visitor  to the  Coast.
EN GINKS.
1 20 x 48  Reynolds Corliss, $2,000.
1 24 x :so Slide Valve, $1,200.
1 22 x 80  Slide Valve,  $1,860.
l 22 x 21 Siiik- Valve, $800,
1 18 x  48  Corliss,  $1,000.
1 18 x HO  Corliss, $h()0.
1 10 x 89  Slide Valve,  $.r)00.
1 14 x 24  Slide Valve, $.'500.
1 liyi  x 24 Cummer Aut, $.'17">.
1 12 x 10  Krie City C. C.  high speed automatic, $000.
1 11  x 10 Atlas Aut, $:t0().
1 10 x 20  Atlas Slide  Valve,   $2f)0.
1 10 x 10 Atlas Slide Valve, $2f)0.
1 10 x  20   Slide   Valve,  $200.
1 10 x 17  Slide Valve, $225.
1 ll x  14   Atlas Slide Valve,   $160.
1 8 x 12 Centre Crank Slide Valve, $120.
2 7  xlO   Slide  Valves, each  $70.
16x6 Upri"ht Marine,  $70.
14  x  Wim Wcstinghouse,   $70.
All engines are complete with hand wheels, governors,
throttle valve, oil cups, sight  feed  lubricators.
BOILERS.
2 06 inches by 18 feet,  each  $450.
1 64 inches by 16  feet, $450.
1 62  inches by 14  feet,  $400.
7 60 inches bv 16 feet, each $350
1 60 inches by 14  feet, $350.
3 52 inches by 14 feet, each $250.
1 48 inches by 10  feet  $225.
1 48 inches by 14 feet,  $200.
1 44 inches bv 14 feet, $200.
1 40  inches by  14   feet,  $150.
2 36 inches by 10 feet, each $125.
1 36 inches by 8 feet, $80.
1 50 TI.  P.  Portable, $350.
1 20 H.   P.   Portable, $450.
All boilers tested 150 pounds C.W.P. and guaranteed to
carry  100  pounds steam  working pressure.
Ail the above boilers have fronts and are complete with
grates, bearing bars, ash door and frames, water columns
with steam gauges, water gauges and gauge cocks, safety
valves;  no stack.
One  25-horsepower   Krie,   Economic   Return  Tubular  portable boiler, $225.
1 500   II.   P.   Atlis Condenser,  $700.
J. H. KERRICK,
126 Third  Av.  N.,
Minneapolis,  Minn.
O. H. YOGEL
ENGINEER
(A. M. Can. See. C. E.) OTTAWA, CANADA
Surveys, Plans, Specifications and Supervision
WATER POWER
Paper,   Pulp and Sulphite Fibre   Mills
RENTS COLLECTED
EXPERIENCED VALUATOR
W. T. FARRELL
GENERAL   AGENT,   REAL   ESTATE   AND
INSURANCE  BROKER
Timber Lands, farms, Business & Residential City Property
...FOR  SALE...
Special Attention Given to Selling and Renting House and Store Property
Room 17, Fairfield Bldg., 433 Granville St., Vancouver.
P. O. Drawer 930
Telephone 1712
H. G. ROSS
INSURANCE ADJUSTER.
REAL   ESTATE,   MINING,   INSURANCE   AND  LOANS
TIMBER AND TIMBER LIMITS
2,200 acres Dominion Government Lands, 140 million
feet of timber, f25,000.
The information to locate 500 million feet of timber, two-
thirds Cedar, only $10,000.
Saw Mill, with Crown-Granted Timber Lands, capacity
25 M feet per day ; good business ; $20,000.
622 Hastings St., West
VANCOUVER, B. C.
N. A.  McKINNON
Timber   Cruiser and  Valuator.
Twenty years' experience in the woods.
References.
Advertisments will be inserted in this department
at the rate of 10 cents per line for each insertion, payable in advance.
WANTED— First-Class Cedar Logs. Apply at
Mill No. 2, Hastings Shingle Manufacturing Company,
Vancouver, B. C.
LOGS WANTED.—Wanted to buy cedar, Aland spruce logs taken off Crown granted lands
Apply to J. S. Emerson, Vancouver.
WANTED.—Up-to-date filer from the East is
open for engagement; can handle either circular or band saws; prefer band saws in first-class
fast cutting mill. Address "Filer," c.o. B. C.
Lumberman.
WANTED.—Partner with $15,000 to engage in
sawmill business. Limit contains 100,000,000
cedar, about 75 miles from Vancouver, on salt
water; good water power. Also other timber
limits for sale. Address "Millman," c. o. B. C.
Lumberman, Vancouver, B. C.
POSITION WANTED—Bookkeeper in lumber
mill, 16 years' experience. Best of references.
Apply A. B. C, care B. C. Lumberman.
WANTED, POSITION—Band saw filer, single
or double cutting mill, 12 inch or 14 inch saws.
Guarantee highest results the first week or no
pay. Strictly sober, good references. Apply
Bert Hart, 853 Seymour Street, Vancouver,
B. C.
FOR SALE—Shav Logging Locomotive, about 13
tons, 4-foot gauge ; Wheels and Axles for Logging
Cars, same gauge ; 30 Logging Cars, Russel type,
capacity 2,000 to 3,000 feet of logs, 3-foot gauge.
Immediate delivery ; low price. John J. Gartshore,
83 Front Street West, Toronto, Ont.
WANTED.—QUOTATIONS on red cedar, 6/2,
i6in. Shingles. All kinds of fir, spruce and
cedar lumber, sash, doors, mouldings and other
mill work. Address same to H. N. Clausen,
Dauphin, Man., agent for H. J. Haskamp, St.
Cloud,  Minn.    Special  quotations  confidential.
FOR  SALE.
Saw Mill, Planing and Lath Mill.
In one of the most favorable positions in
B. C. making over $2,000 per month profit ; price, $30,000; terms, $10,000 cash,
balance on time. Illness of owner cause
of sale.    Apply
BOX   "W,"   CARE   OF   B.   C.    LUMBERMAN
WANTED.
We handle on commission all sorts of British
Columbia Lumber and Shingles, manufactured and
rough.    Please quote prices f.o.b. Toronto.
THE FUEL & LUMBER CO.,
77 Adelaide 8t. East TORONTO, ONTARIO
P. O. Box 602 Storage
GEO.  H. COTTRELL
FORWARDING AGENT.
Warehouse, 139 Water St.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
8pecial attention given to distribution
Of Carload Freight
JOHN J. GARTSHORE
83 Front Street, West TORONTO, ONT.
OF»F>.   QUEEN'S   MOTEL
280 HOWE STREET
VANCOUVER, B. C.
RAILWAY AND TRAMWAY EQUIPMENT
New and Second-hand Rails for Railways,
Tramways, &c   Contractors' Supplies, &c 24
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
111
r  ;   V
1 \ |l
111
i '
i.
1
1        ;  !
1 S!   *;
1
ll1
;    i
LiiS 1
RED CEDAR LUMBER CO.
LIMITED
MANUFACTURERS  OF
Fine Cedar Lumber
and Shingles ....
TELEPHONE B334 P. O. BOX ill
Orders Solicited and Correspondence Promptly Attended to
POWELL STREET ...VANCOUVER, B. C.
Hardwood Lumber
American   and   Australian
Embossed Mouldings, Carvings, Etc., Burlap and Wallpaper
— DEALERS   IN —
late, Sheet and Fancy Glass
Correspondence Solicited Orders Promptly Attended to
ARTHUR P. MAY & CO.
Vancouver, B. C.
SEYMOUR ST.
O. BOX 194
A. SINCLAIR
MANUFACTURER OF
RED CEDAR LUMBER
CUT EDGE GRAIN
Mills at False Creek, Vancouver, B. C,
SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO FACTORY ORDERS
British Columbia Cedar Shingles
HAVE A WORLD-WIDE REPUTATION
You Want None but the Best
Then Place Your Orders With
JOSEPH CHEW
SHINGLE   MANUFACTURER
Vancouver, British Columbia
Timber Limits For Sale.
We have licensed land along the coast close to salt
water carrying Fir and Cedar.
We have leased land running for 21 years, from
May, 1902. Rental, Ten Cents per acre, carrying Cedar, Fir
and Spruce.   Also Crown  Granted Lands.
The above are amongst the best buys in the Province.
Limits estimated by competent cruisers.
MACKINNON, FERGUSON & CO.,
421 GRANVILLE ST.
VANCOUVER, B. 0. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
VANCOUVER ENGINEERING WORKS, Ltd.
ENGINEERS
Sole Agents for British Columbia
for
"Atlas Engine Works"
Makers of
for Every Duty
Saw Mill and High Speed Engines Carried in Stock
Works: Heatley Avenue
...VANCOUVER, B. C.
The Wm. Hamilton Mfg. Co., Ltd.
Head Office, PETERBOROUGH, ONT.
ENGINEERS AND CONTRACTORS
...MANUFACTURERS OF...
SAW MILL MACHINERY
Water Wheels, Mining & Pulp Mill
Machinery, Shafting, Gearing, Etc.
WRITE FOR CATALOGUES.
C. N. CORNELL, Agent, Mackinnon Bldg., VANCOUVER BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
BELTING
PERFECTION
BRAND
BELTING
SPECIAL   QUALITY    FOR
Planers and Shingle Machines
SEE  OUR  STOCK  AND   BE  CONVINCED	
PRICES  AND  SAMPLES   UPON   APPLICATION
FULL STOCK OF MACHINERY ALWAYS ON HAND
THE FAIRBANKS COMPANY
:e and Store, 153 Hastings St.   VANCOUVER, B. C.   Machinery Warehouse, Powell St.
'♦♦♦*
THE
Canadian Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd
PORT MOODY, B. C.
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in All Kinds of
B. C. LUMBER, LATH, MOULDINGS, Etc.
the Largest Shed and Dry Kiln Capacity of any Mill In British Columbia.
special Attention eiven to orders Address the Company at Port Moody, or
from Manitoba and the Territories BYRNES & CUDDY, Selling Agents, WINNIPEG
LONQ DISTANCE TELEPHONE CONNECTION

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