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British Columbia Lumberman Jun 30, 1904

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 Britieb Columbia lumberman
PUBLISHED  EVERY MONTH
D.  TODD LEES,   ...   -   Business Manager
Office, Room 2, Pender Block, Granville Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Telephone 1196 P. O. Drawer 928
Terms of Subscription (Payable in Advance)
One year, Canada or the I'nited States $1 00
One year, Foreign Countries    1 50
Advertising Rates on Application
Correspondence hearing upon any phase of the lumber industry
will be gratefully acknowledged, and discussion upon trade subjects
s invited.
To our Advertisers.—The British Columbia Lumberman
has a guaranteed circulation of 2,000 copies. It will be found in
every mill, lumber manufactorv, logging camp, etc., in the Province
and Puget Sound, besides all dealers in lumber in the Northwest and
Canada generally. To lumber manufacturers, lumber dealers and
machinery makers no better medium has ever been offered in the
West. 	
U^^ 1*ersons corresponding with advertisers in the Vritish
Columbia Lumberman will confet a favoi by giving the journal
ciedit /ot such cottespondence.
VANCOUVER, B. C, JUNE, 1904.
PERSISTENT EFFORT NEEDED.
Our expectations regarding the imposition of
a duty upon American rough lumber have not
been recognized in the manner in which we considered they would. In spite of the strong representations made by public bodies throughout
this province our weight has been counterbalanced by the influence and numbers of the Northwest and Eastern members in the House, and
the Finance Minister's budget has been handed
down without reference to the lumber industry.
True, we were working alone in this matter, and
though the prosperity of the industry in British Columbia was dependent upon the success of
our efforts, we knew we were "up against" a
very hard proposition, that the Northwest and
Manitoba would oppose our request, fearing it
would affect and raise the cost of our product
to the consumers of these districts, was a foregone conclusion, but we felt that we might look
for fair suport from Ontario and Quebec. Our
hopes in this regard have been misplaced. The
lumber men of these provinces "took a bluff" of
the United States, in that if a duty was imposed
as asked, Washington would retaliate and effectively kill the trade which Canada enjoyed
with the Eastern States. As to this we consider it a very poor excuse for an argument
against the imposition for the small duty asked
by British Columbia representatives. If the
Government  was   alive  to  the  interests  of  the
country Canada should be perfectly able to take
care of its own in a matter of this kind.
From our Ottawa correspondent's observations on the conditions of that market, we are
the more astonished that the lumbermen of that
region did not join issue with us in our demands,
as it is the more reasonable to assume that the
enforcement of a duty would be the readiest
means of anticipating the United States government taking the duty off our Canadian product.
At the present time the Eastern States look to
Canada for a large proportion of their lumber
supply, and the suggestion of an increased tariff "bluff" upon that supply was very improbable.
There seems, however, still some hope of salvation for our lumber interests. In the changes
in tariff matters proposed by the Minister of
Finance, he announced that the government
proposed to stop the "dumping" into Canada of
goods at "slaughter" prices. That lumber is
"dumped" into Canada from the Pacific Coast
States can very readily be proved, and we would
call the attention of the Federal Government to
the fact that with raw material at an average
price of $7.00 per 1000 it cannot be otherwise
considered that rough lumber from that raw material sold F. O. B. Puget Sound at $5.50 per 1000
can be other than "dumped" goods. In the strict
interpretation of the new law when enforced, this
class of goods would be subject to a duty of 50
per cent, or $2.75 per 1000.
In order that justice be done to our mill men
against this "dumping" business, we would
strongly urge that the Government appoint special commissioners from among members of the
lumber trade at the different ports of entry to
Manitoba and the Territories to assist the Collectors of Customs at these ports in the discharge of their duty in this regard, as such commissioners would be fully conversant with the
conditions of the trade and market from time
to time.
Though the government has not seen fit to
grant our demands, and our industry in this Province has been seriously injured in consequence,
the lumber men of British Columbia will not sit
down and take the snub, but the fight will be
waged until our desires are granted, if not now,
at no very distant date. Persistent effort and
unanimity of purpose have accomplished harder
tasks than this "two dollar one."
FIRE RANGERS.
With a fire record of over $100,000 during the
month of May in the lumbering concerns of this
Province, words of caution cannot be too often
expressed of the absolute necessity of using
every precaution against the fire fiend, and now,
with the advent of hot and dry weather we would
especially call the attention of the Provincial
government to a duty it owes to the community
in the protection of the forests of the Province.
At the recent meeting of the Canadian Forestry Association the subject of prevention
against fire in our forests received considerable
attention, and under recent date the secretary
of that important association in writing upon
the subject, says:
"The protection of the watersheds is a matter of great importance in your Province and
the prevention of fire during the construction
of the transcontinental railway is no less a matter of great interest. As you know, railway
building in British Columbia, as well as in other
parts of Canada, has usually resulted in unnecessary destruction of the forest growth. The
contractors for the building of the road have
no stake in the country after their operations
are completed, and it has been stated to me by
a reliable person that contractors have purposely set the woods on fire in order to clear their
right of way. I presume that the nature of
contractors has not changed and that if the construction of any new lines through forested
lands is to be done without great loss it will be
necessary that some strong control should be
placed on the operations."
During the last session of the Association, held
in Toronto, the following resolutions were passed  relative  to this  important  matter:
Resolved: That in view of the proposed construction of a new transcontinental railway and
the projection of other lines passing largely
through coniferous forests, the attention of the
governments of the Dominion and the provinces, and also the railway companies, be called
to the serious da iger of loss of valuable timber
c 11 sequent upon the construction and operation
of such lines if all possible precautions to prevent the starting of fires are not taken and to
urge that the question be given full and careful
consideration, that to the end sought the party
or parties contracting to build the different sections of the said roads be required to enter into
an agreement for an efficient equipment and control to prevent fires, that at such seasons as may
be necessary an effective patrol be establihed
along the afforested line of railways and that
the officers both of the governments and
the railways be required to use all possible
Jihger.ce  to  prevent  the  starting  or  spreading
V BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
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The Edward P. Allis Co.,
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Fraser & Chalmers Co.,
CHICAGO, ILL.
Gates Iron Works,
CHICAGO, ILL.
Dickson Mfg. Co.,
SCRANTON, PA.
WE ARE THE LARGEST BUILDERS OF MODERN HEAVY PACIFIC COAST
SAW  MILL MACHINERY
PLANS AND ESTIMATES MADE FOR UP-TO-DATE PLANTS.     We give you the benefit of forty years of our experience.
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Seattle Office, 305 Lumber Exchange.
H. S. MITCHELL, Manager
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MERSHON
RE-SAWS
BRANCH OFFICES
NEW YORK, Empire Building
BOSTON, Board of Trade Building
PITTSBURG, Frick Building
MINNEAPOLIS, Corn Exchange Bldg.
DENVER, 1649 Tremont SL
SALT LAKE CITY, 209 S.W. Temple
SPOKANE, Washington
GENERAL OFFICE
CHICAGO, ILL, I. S. A,
LONDON, EN6„ 533 Salisbury House.      JOHANNESBURG, South Africa.
BRANCH OFFICE8
SAN FRANCISCO, Hayward Bldg.
SEATTLE, Lumber Exchange Bldg.
CHARLOTTE, N. C, Trust Bldg.
NEW ORLEANS, Hennen Bldg.
ATLANTA, GA., Equitable Bldg.
BUTTE, MONT., 51 E. Broadway BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
3
of fire.* through defective equipment or through
the carelessness of the operations or negligence
of  the  employees  under  their control.
Resolved: That this Association urge upon
the Federal and Provincial Goveinments tbf ad-
vis'.bility of a careful examinatuv of the water
.uiirces of Canada upon whicr the supply for
agricultural, manufacturing or irrigation enterprises depends, with a view to the adoption of
such measures as will insure the proper conservation and maintenance of the forest growth so
essential to the continuance of an even flow in
the streams during the seasons of the year when
it is most required, and to the prevention of destructive floods and erosion of the watersheds
such as have   iccurred i*1 older lands.
We are fully aware that the Dominion government has a very complete system of fire ranging within the railway belt, but we have yet
to learn that any protection is provided for in
the Provincial forest lands. Certain laws covering the matter are in force, but these are next
to useless unless some system is put into effect
whereby the possibility of disastrous fires may
be prevented. It is no use locking the stable
door after the horse is stolen, likewise the laws
or their enforcement are of but little value after
the damage has been done. It is well known that
the destruction of public and private forests
can in most instances be traced to camp fires
that were left burning. The great conflagrations
that wipe out so much valuable property are
invariably started by carelessnes. Would it not
then be prudent for the local government to
provide a system of forest ranging similar in
effect to that of the Dominion government within its forest lands in B. C, as the loss entailed
by one "fire" would be more than enough to recompense the outlay of a forest ranging system
for many years. It it not to ) late to take steps
now, and we would strongly urge that public
interest be taken in the matter.
At some points in the interior today we learn
that great danger exists, and that in one instance had it not bertn for the assistance of citizens in the immediate neighborhood, thousands
of dollars worth of damage would have been
done, not only to standing timber, but to villages within the path of the ire.
One of the acts of the late Forestry Association of British Columbia was to secure the views
upon the subject of fire protection, and herewith
are given some of the replies:
"From a Lumberman: There is certainly no
question however but what there is a very large
amount of very valuable timber destroyed by
fire in this Province, as well as in other sections
of Canada, and I firmly believe that a properly
organized system of fire ranging would be most
valuable in reducing to a minimum the number
of forest fires which are str.rted in various ways
during our dry season in this Province.'
"From Another Lumberman: 'We trust that
the Association will take the strongest possible
ground in support of the continuation of the fire
ranging system in the British Columbia railway
belt. We have had at least one case the past
season in the Columbia river valley where a
fire started and if it had not been for the prompt
action of the government fire ranger in putting
out this fire after several days' hard work, the
first high wind would have caused it to spread
and burn a good many feet of valuable timber.
If the number of fire rangers along the railway
belt is doubled next year and good men selected, we are satisfied the effect will be good and
are perfectly willing to pay our share of the expense.'
"From a Newspaper Editor: 'Do not for one
moment entertain the idea that there is no use
in an efficient system of fire ranging. Such
work is invaluable.'
"From a Capitalist and Rancher: 'My opinion of the work done by the rangers throughout
the railway belt this year is that they have certainly done a great deal of good in preventing
the spread of fire in the timber of this portion
of the country, but on account of the lack of
co-operation on the part of the Provincial government not nearly so much good has been done
as might have been.'
"From a Rancher: 'We all know fire is the
great enemy. That is the great need for fire
brigades and all fire protection. The work of
the fire rangers in this Province in the short time
they have been inaugurated has been the means
of saving immense tracts of valuable timber.
Their work being chiefly of a preventive character (which is certainly the best way to cope with
a fire), if prevention is not better than cure,
I have nothing further to say. Burglaries exist
in the face of police protection, but it would be
extremely absurd to do away with these because each and every offender is not brought
to court. I beg to submit if some effective fire
protecting system did not exist our homes and
belongings would be all in jeopardy with each
recurring summer.'
"The'forest fires in Oregon and Washington
States are a great object lesson. In those
states fires occurred that devastated an area
of 600,000 acres, destroyed timber and property
valued at $12,767,100, including $922,000 of farm
property, left 250 settlers homeless, and caused
the loss of over twenty lives. An investigation
of these fires was made by the Bureau of Forestry of the United States and, speaking particularly of the fires in Oregon, Mr. William T.
Cox, who made the investigation, states that all
the fires could have been prevented or extinguished before becoming serious had there been
rangers in these localities, as most of them were
burning for a length of time before they became
dangerous. These fires come up right to the
boundary of British Columbia at the railway
belt, and if similar conflagrations did not occur
there it can be attributed to the preventive work
done. When we think of the millions of dollars'
worth of valuable property* gone up in smoke,
of the hundreds of wild animals penned in by
the fire and dying in pent-up heaps of confused
and convulsive agony in the waters where they
had sought refuge, of the misery and suffering
to human beings, of the families rendered homeless and the lives sacrificed, surely the few
thousand dollars per annum which an efficient
fire ranging system would cost is but a small
thing to place in the balance against the burden
of loss and suffering which weighs down the
scale so heavily."
THE EAST  AND THE  WEST.
Commenting   upon   the representations   made
at   Ottawa   by   British Columbia   lumbermen
with   respect  to   Eastern opinion,   the    Nelson
"Daily News" says:
'"What, the lumbermen of this province say
would be the result of imposing a duty upon
rough lumber and what the eastern Canadians
think would be the inevitable outcome, are two
widely different matters.
"The British Columbia lumbermen deny that
the imposition of the duty asked would mean
an increase in the price of lumber here or in the
Territories, and, in fact, it has been suggested
that as the lumbermen are so clear on this point,
they should give the government an undertaking
that the present prices will remain the maximum ones, and it is understood this undertaking
will be forthcoming shortly, as evidence of good
faith.
"In the East, however, this is not the view taken,
and voicing public sentiment there, the "Toronto Globe," referring to the matter of increased
protection for Ontario market gardeners and
British Columbia lumbermen, says in part, from
the consumers' standpoint: 'The case is similar
to that of the British Columbia lumberman, who
want a duty put on lumber so as to secure for
1
them the market of Manitoba and the Northwest.
At present the settlers find the cost of lumber
one of the chief difficulties with which they
must contend. A tariff could not reserve the
market for British Columbia lumbermen without increasing the price of lumber. It is only
by increasing the price that the people could
be compelled to seek a new source of supply;
and every dollar gained by the lumbermen of
the Pacific Coast would mean rr'cre than a dollar taken from the farmers of the prairie
country. As in the case of the application
for higher duties on fruit and vegetables, the lumber interests are definite in their demands and united in their action,
while the general public in the west are, comparatively at least indifferent toward the tariff
proposals. But it is the duty of public newspapers and public men to take a stand in favor
of the public interest, even if it does entail unpopularity in some quarters without compensatory appreciation.'
"If the British Columbia lumbermen wish to
make it clearly known in the east that they have
no intention of raising the price of lumber if
tariff protection is afforded them, they should
at once offer to enter into an undertaking to
that effect, subject to which any tariff concessions could be made."
PROBABLE NEW MARKET FOR LUMBER.
Early last month negotiations were entered
into between representatives of the Canadian and
Mexican governments with the view to subsidizing steamships between Atlantic and Pacific
ports of the Mexican republic and Canada.
These negotiations has so far proceeded that
tenders are now being called for, to be received
at Ottawa up to August 1st. The conditions
for sailings are:
First—Between Montreal in summer and Halifax in winter, and the Mexican ports of Pro-
greso, Coatzacoalcos, Vera Cruz and Tampico,
touching at Nassau, Bahamas islands and Havana, Cuba.
Second—Between Vancouver, B. C, and Mexican ports of , Mazatlon,   San   Bas,   Manzanillo,
Acapulco;  Peurto Angel,  Salina  Cruz,    Tonala,
. and San Benito. .
The Mexican government has agreed to give
$100,000 in currency for the Pacific service
and $20,000 for the Atlantic service. The Mexican dollar is worth about 50 cents of the Canadian dollar.
It is the intention of the Canadian government to supplement these figures if a reasonable
tender can be had.
According to Sir William Mulock, Postmaster-
General of Canada, who initiated the idea, having recently visited Mexico, he thinks there is a
big future for the trade of Canada with that republic. He reports that Mexico imports a very
large quantity of timber of all kinds, coal and
fish—the three principal products of British Columbia. Railway ties, it appears, in Mexico
never last more than three years and frequently
less, and there is practically no coal at all to
be found in Mexico, and as for her manufacturing industries, she has none, but depends upon
importations from the United States and Europe. There is no reason, he thinks, why Canada
should not get a good deal of this trade. Her
chief industry is mining and they require a good
deal of timber in the prosecution of this work,
and he thinks that a very considerable market
can be found there for mining timber.
It is in such maters as this that organization
and  co-operation between our .various mercan-
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BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
tile and manufacturing firms is not only desirable but absolutely essential to success. The
two governments may establish the line of steamers, but it will depend on the business community whether it becomes a permanent and
profitable adjunct to our commerce, or is withdrawn through lack of patronage sufficient to
justify a continuance  of the  service.
The lumbermen of this province, more especially of Vancouver, should lose no time in thoroughly familiarizing themselves with the conditions and nature of the trade with Mexico for
their product, as there seems little doubt that if
well looked after lumber will form one of the
chief exports, but the trade must be pushed for.
We would strongly suggest that a representative
of the lumber industry be sent to Mexico as soon
as possible to look into the requirements of the
markets there, and if thought advisable to become
a permanent resident agent of the associated
lumber mills of Vancouver. There is no question but that a splendid trade, which would to
a great extent offset the unfortunate conditions
now prevailing, could be secured within a very
short time. Oriental shipping trade is in such
a state of uncertainty, that the opening now
ade should not be overlooked. Whatever is
ne must be done at once, and there is no time
the present.
S. DUTY  ON  CANADIAN  LUMBER.
ards the latter end of May reports reached
uver that the  extra duty    imposed    upon
an logs and lumber had been removed, but
jjport was not then credited.    Reference to
tattle   correspondent's   letter   gives   direct
ation to the report.
the regular tariff the United States im-
duty of $2 per thousand feet on all lum-
iering that country.    Because  of the  ac-
the British Columbia Legislature, as set
it    the    time,    action    was    taken    un-
Dingley tariff bill and an extra duty of
as  imposed    on    Canadian-manufactured
I making the total duty $7.50.
tariff has now been restored to its old fig-
lUo reason has been assigned for the change,
presumption is that it seriously affected
pbmber trade  on  Puget Sound, and the in-
ed tariff acted as a boomerang.
NEW TIMBER CROP FOR MINNESOTA.
It has long been recognized by Minnesota lumbermen that the timber supply of that state was
becoming depleted, and in consequence British
Columbia has received thousands of dollars of
capital from there. The following from the
Mississippi Valley "Lumberman," suggests a ray
of hope for posterity:
About the last thing Congress did before adjourning last week was to pass a bill granting to
the state of Minnesota twenty thousand acres of
land for forestry purposes. This land is to be
selected from government land that is not suitable for agricultural purposes, and will be turned
over to the State Forestry Board. According to
the provisions of the bill, any of the land thus selected and which is not used for the designed purpose is to revert to the government. It is now
up to the state of Minnesota to make good. The
state has started an experiment in forest raising,
in a small may, on a comparatively small tract
of land given by the late John S. Pillsbury, and
the indications are that the experiment is going
to be a success. In order to make a success of
the larger undertaking, the state legislature will
have to widen its horizon and take immediate action.
The  Crow's  Nest  Pass  Mill  at    Wardner    is
turning out from 125,000 to 150,00 feet a day.
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worresponaence
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From OUR Special CORRESPONDENTS.
VICTORIA MILLIV1EN.
McLeod Bros., who are preparing for operations at Nitu-Nat, are negotiating for the transportation of their plant, which consists principally of two of the largest donkey engines ever
built on the Pacific Coast. This firm will employ a large number of men and as their logs
will be cut principally on Crown granted lands
there is no doubt that the bulk of them will be
exported to the United States.
Express Indignation    Against the Federal Government for Refusal to Aid the Lumber
Industry of British Columbia—The
State of Trade.
Victoria, B. C, June 13. — During the
past month there is little to note in the local
lumber market, the mills having been working
as a rule to their full capacity in filling the local
demand. Considerable orders have been filled
for Manitoba and Northwest points during the
month on special order for dimension stuff, but
this trade has somewhat dropped off on account
of the milimen here and dealers in the east
waiting for the decision of the government in
regard to the protective tariff on United States
lumber. x
The local milimen express great disappointment not unmixed with indignation at the suicidal policy that has evidently been adopted by
the government in ignoring the request of the
British Columbia lumbermen for the imposition
of a retaliatory duty which would shut out from
Canada the cullings of the mills of Washington
and Oregon to the detriment of the trade of this
Province. For it must be remembered that while
the buyers in Manitoba and the Territories demand the best products of the British Columbia
mills in every case, they appear to be satisfied
with "mill-run" stuff from the United States.
This is one of the unaccountable factors in the
present struggle between the British Columbia
lumbermen and their rivals on the Sound. How
is this difficulty to be overcome? Cannot we
make some legislation at Ottawa by which this
difficulty can be met?
It is suggested here, by a prominent lumberman, that the clause in the Dingley tariff, which
gives discretionary power to United States collectors of customs to impose a retaliatory duty
on goods or merchandise entering the United
States from a country which discriminates
against a similar class of goods, to an extent
as should become practically prohibitive, should
be enacted at Ottawa. In this way the present
unbearable condition of trade between Canada
and the United States could be met, not only
in the case of lumber, but in all other instances
in which the United States is so effectually killing Canadian industries—notedly, at the present
moment, in the case of binder twine. Until such
time as the Federal government sees its way clear
to protect the lumbering interests of British Columbia, the loggers, milimen and dealers of this
Province can only look to the restricted local
demand for their products, and consequently
must confine their operations to supply the local market, thus limiting their efforts within
a very small compass and giving employment to
less than fifty per cent of the men than they
would employ under more auspicious conditions.
Trade Notes.
Lemon & Gonnason are placing their machinery in their new quarters and expect to be in
full running order very shortly.
It is reported that John Taylor, who recently
sold out his interest in the Taylor Mill Company, Ltd., has secured some valuable limits in
the north end of the Island and is arranging to
put in  a plant.
The mill at Quatsino Sound has just secured
two large orders, namely: Supplying material
for the Roman Catholic Mission at Ahousett
and also for the Presbyterian Mission at Clay-
quot. The mill has also several orders for special grades from Winnipeg and other Eastern
points.
.
John Leigh & Son are making some extensive
improvements in their mill and contemplate increasing the output of their factory by the installation of new machines. Mr. Leigh says
he has no reason to complain of the state of
trade, local business being above the average
this year. This mill is admirably situated to
cater to shipping trade, and when all contemplated additions are completed the company
intends pushing for a share of the Northwest
trade.
BRISK IN THE NORTHWEST.
Building Operations on the Prairie Show Great
Activity—Lumber Business Benefitted in
Consequence—New Yards and
New Mills.
Calgary.— Lumber dealers throughout Alberta have had a very busy month, there being a good demand for almost all classes of lumber. Here in Calgary building operations have
been exceedingly brisk, consequently the demand
for lumber has been good. To give an idea of
the building operations going on at present here,
it is only necessary to state that the permits
granted by Building Inspector James Smart in
the last six months have more that exceeded the
whole of the previous year, which was also a
busy  year.
Great activity is reported from all the lumber
districts in northern Alberta. Men have been
hired at Sinaman's lumber camp, up the Saskatchewan, to load lumber on the scows to be
floated down the river. From the same district
about 365,000 feet of sawn lumber, owned by
Halson & Holder, has been floated down to
Walter's mill at Edmonton. A considerable
amount of lumber has been sent down the river
from Edmonton for the Barr colonists at Lloyd-
minster.
The Otokoks & High River Development Co.
are making great preparations for a big season's
cut. The mill has been overhauled, the machinery improved and added to. The first drive of
logs, from the forks of Sheep creek is on its way
now, and improvements have been made at both
High River and Okotoks, so that the logs can
be held safely during the period of high water.
A new lumber yard was recently opened by
O. H. Bush & Company, at Strathcona. They
have secured a location for a yard close to the
C. N. R station, and will handle B. C. and native lumber.
A sawmill has been established at Marker-
ville, east of Innisfail, a forty horse power boiler and machinery having been taken out there
during the past few days.
EASTERN DEMAND SLOW.
Opening  of  Navigation  Not  Productive  of the
Anticipated Business—Lumber Tariff Opposition—Prices Show Want of
Stability.
Ottawa, June 5th.—Inquiry shows that the
movement of British Columbia lumber stock in
Eastern Canada at present is slow. The usual
customers are showing some hesitancy about
stocking up, and for this reason business is slow. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
ALEXANDER MACLAREN, President
BUCKINGHAM, QUE.
...THE
H. DePENCIER, Manager
BARNET  B. C.
North Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd
BARNET,   B.   C.
=MANUFACTURERS OF KILN-DRIED
LUMBER
MOULDINGS,   LATH,   SHINGLES,  ETC.
Mills on Burrard Inlet and Canadian Pacific Railway
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HUGH MoDONALD, President
L. A. LEWIS, General Manager
Brunette Saw Mill Co., Ltd.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
(P. 0. Address, SAPPERTON, B. C.)
Lumber, Shingles, Boxes, Mouldings
SPECIAL. ATTENTION TO CAR TRADE
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•ft You need not go elsewhere; we supply all kinds of British Columbia Lumber   4
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.ft                           It pays to order Lumber, Shingles, Moulding*, Lathe, Doors, Etc., in <£
4*                           mixed carloads, as you can then keep lees on hand, and ordering *$
4*                           In thle way you set quicker shipment      *
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| Saw Mills Planing Mill, Shingle Mill and Box Factory on 6.P.R. and Fraser River, at Sapperton *
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BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
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It is  a  question  what the  next  few weeks will
bring  forth.
Chief discussion in lumber circles, however,
was centred on the demand made by the British
Columbia operators for the imposition of a duty
on rough lumber shipped into Canada by the
United States. The Ottawa district men were
opposed to such a duty, and as their influence
was stronger than that of the British Columbia
men, they won out.
Decline in  Prices  Curtails  Production.
The optimistic feeling which pervaded Eastern Canadian lumber circles for the past couple
of years, shows signs of failing, and the general question is "What will the future bring?"
As has been stated in earlier letters, the English
market is very dull, so dull in fact that several
firms are holding their square timber over on
the limits for another season. Prices have declined io cents a foot since the annual contracts
were made in November. Firms that manufactured square timber during the winter expecting to sell this spring have decided to hold
their stuff rather than sacrifice it. This depression in the English market will probably mean
that there will be a big falling off in the cut of
re timber next winter. Amongst others who
re holding over their squire timber are Fraser
Company and Brennan & Company, both large
•oducers.
Square Timber Cut.
e cut of square timber last winter was fully
million feet, an excess of half a million feet
he cut of the previous season. This cut
ade in the Georgian Bay, Ottawa, and Ni-
districts. The increase is somewhat re-
e, as several firms dropped out of the
limber business, the list including Rob-
dman, Rideau Lumber Company, and
& Morse of Ottawa. However, other
I into the game for the first time last
and their cut offset any shortage that
|iave been caused by the dropping out
iher firms. Moreover, considerable new
was cut over last winter, including
the limits sold by the Ontario govern-
j|m December. The different companies
ut as follows:: J. R. Booth, 400,000 feet;
Klock, 126,000 feet; Edward Moore, 200,-
et; Fraser & Co., 125,000 feet; Millar &
1, 409,000 feet; McArthur Bros., 75,000
Mason & Gordon, 75,000 feet; Graham &
ierguson, 80,000 feet; George Gordon & Co.,
175,000 feet; Booth & Shannon, 40,000 feet.
These figures were submitted to several interested parties, who pronounced them about right.
Foreign Markets Dull.
The dullness in the Old Country trade may
also lead to a reduction in the manufacture of
deals next season, but this is as yet merely problematic.
As far as the American market is concerned,
there is also an uneasy feeling in some quarters.
The railway officials report a brisk movement
of lumber to New York City and vicinity, but
a very poor showing as far as the New England
States are concerned. There has been a marked
falling off in the shipment of Ottawa district
lumber to the New England States, and it is
the general impression that it is being replaced
there by Southern woods. These are cheaper
and for this very good reason more acceptable
than  the high  priced  Canadian white pine.
As far as the low and middle grade Canadian
lumber is concerned, there seems to be no question but what the cut will be all bought up at
prevailing prices. Nor despite the dullness in
the English and certain parts of the American
market, does there seem to be much fear that
high grade pine will take a drop, or be a drug
on the market. Reports on this score are somewhat contradictory, one leading mill man, for
instance, stating that he could have sold his cut
of high grade stuff three times over. The industrial   activity   and   development   of    Canada
calls for a big supply of lumber of all grades,
and this fact, coupled with the twenty-live per
cent shortage in the Georgian Bay district, will
help keep the market normal despite any dullness there may be at outside centres. As most
of the stuff for the Fnglish market was contracted for last fall, the depression over seas
cannot materially affect the summer's cutting
conditions.
Prices of Eastern Canadian lumber show no
change, and it now looks as if the crest of the
wave were reached. However this does not necessarily imply that any decline in values need
be looked for. Present prices will hold good
for the summer and fall seasons.
That was a significant happening in Toronto
recently when at a public sale not a single limit
was sold. One limit was responsible for a bid
only one-fifth the amount it was withdrawn at
in the December sale. Apparently operators are
not as anxious to pay "record" prices for limits as  they were less  than a year ago.
Pleased With Their Purchase.
Mr. William Mackey, M. P., and Mr. H. K.
Egan, the latter of the Hawkesbury Lumber
Company, have returned from a personal inspection of their limits purchased at the Ontario government sale in December. They both
expressed themselves as being well pleased
with the quality and extent of the white pine
on their holdings. Mr. Mackey travelled for
days by canoe without losing sight of his pine
wealth.
Logging Operations.
So far this season 74,700 saw logs have been
delivered off the main stream of the Gatineau
at its juncture with the Ottawa river opposite
this city. This lot represents the logs that were
cut during the past winter along the main
stream. They belong to the following firms,
W. C. Edwards Company, Gilmour & Hughson,
MacLaren Estate, Rideau Lumber Company
and Logue Estate. On account of the high water, comparatively little difficulty was experienced in moving the logs, although there was
constant danger of them being carried into the
flooded swamps.
The river drivers are now at work gathering
the logs that were piled during the winter along
the tributaries of the Gatineau. The water in
the river is at the highest point since  1876.
Down in New Brunswick the rapid fall of the
spring water in the streams gave the lumber
operators all kinds of trouble, and it is feared
that at least 30,000,000 feet of logs have been
"hung up" on the St. John and other leading
lumbering streams. Andrew Cushing & Company got all their logs down, the lot including
14,000,000 of the past winter's cut, and 12,000,-
000 "hung up" from the previous year. The
Kilbury Company also got out all its logs, totalling 12,000,000 feet. The Scott Lumber Company and F. B. Edgecombe also got their logs
out. Other firms were not so successful, and
there will be a shortage in New Brunswick this
season.
By the breaking of a boom on White River
near its confluence with Lake Temiscamingue,
about 150,000 logs and pieces of pulp wood were
liberated recently. Fortunately, however, the
stuff drifted into a bay and was easily collected.
The breaking of the dam, a new one, was caused
by a mud slide. The logs belonged to the following concerns: E. B. Eddy Company, J. R.
Booth, Rideau Lumber Company and Klock
Company.
It is estimated that about 70,000,00 feet of saw
logs will be taken out of Minnesota streams this
year for cutting at mills situated in Ontario
just across the border. Most of this lumber
will go into Western Canada.
Unlike the rest of the lumber trade in Eastern Canada, hardwoods continue to advance
slowly and are in a healthy state. This advance
is sufficiently strong to take care of any increase
in the cost of mam facture, and applies principally      to      birch,       maple,      and       ash.      It
is the experience in Eastern Canada
that hardwoods are more expensive to
get into shape for the market than are soft
woods such as pine. For this reason the hard
woods have not received any too much attention, but the recent advance will make a change
and probably have the effect of increasing the
output.
A QUIET MARKET.
Demand in Toronto Not Up to Expectations-
Ontario   Government  to   Aid   Logging
Operations—A New Appointment.
Toronto, Ontario, June 10. — The market
has been somewhat quiet, considering the season
so far and dealers have been conservative in
their attitude owing to the maintenance of prices,
stocks on hand being smaller than usual. There
are no immediate indications of a break in prices,
as a considerable increase in the demand is anticipated as the probable result of a good agricultural season. The local demand is fairly active, though not to the extent anticipated, as
several conditions have postponed the extensive
rebuilding operations contemplated in the burned
districts—mure especially the uncertainty as to
the expropriation of a large area for railway purposes and the imposition of more stringent building restrictions now under consideration. As
soon as these matters are settled a heavy volume
of trade is anticipated. In the meantime dealers
are disposed to pursue a waiting policy, many
of them buying merely from hand to mouth, in
the hope of a reduction, though latterly there
have been some larger transactions. The car
shortage in some directions has delayed shipments, but the consignments are generally moving freely.
To Aid Loggers.
The Ontario government has decided to facilitate lumbering operations on the Walmapital
river, which have been conducted under disabilities owing to the difficulty of getting out logs to
Lake Huron by a very circuitous route, involving
much delay, by maintaining and operating a
short canal, now partially constructed, between
the upper waters of the Sturgeon river and Lake
Walmapital. The divide is only about one-third
of a mile. The present channel will be improved
and equipped with gates and the government will
settle the vexed question of right of way by expropriating the land and operating the canal,
charging toll for the passage of logs.
An Important Appointment.
Dr. Judson F. Clark, a graduate of the Ontario
Agricultural College, has been appointed Provincial Forester of Ontario. This is an important
step towards the introduction of a practical system of forestry administration. So far all that
has been done in this direction is the setting aside
of large areas of forested or partially burned-
over land as forest reserves and taking measures
to preserve the standing timber from tire, no
arrangements having been made for removing
the trees as they mature. Mr. Thomas South-
worth has held the office of Director of Forestry
for the past ten years, but his duties have been
mainly of an advisory and educational character,
and he has performed important work in inaugurating the forest and reserve system. Latterly, however, he has been mainly occupied in connection with the Colonization Department, of
which he is director. The duties of Dr. Clark
have not been strictly defined as yet, but it is
understood to be the intention of the government to exploit the forest reserves and harvest
a crop of timber as it matures, conducting the
work on forestry principles, with a due regard
to maintaining the reproductiveness of the forest. Dr. Clark will superintend these operations
and see to the enforcement of proper restrictions, having had a forestry training at Cornell
University and held a position in the Washington Forestry Bureau.    As the country is opened
ll BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
up and the yearly output of these extensive reserves, which have a total area of 59,000 square
miles, conies into the market, it will undoubtedly
have an important effect upon the trade and a
tendency to offset the upward movement in
prices. It has been taken for granted that the
source of supply was a diminishing quantity,
and under the influence of this impression the
prices of timber limits have been steadily advancing until the record figures of last year's
government sale were reached. There have already been indications of a reaction, and with
the government timber reserves as an active
source of competition there will probably be a
considerable shrinkage in these values, for it
must be remembered that the buyers at the recent
sale have to remove the timber within 15 years.
It is hardly likely that a government immediately
in need of money to avert direct taxation will for
long neglect so important a source of revenue
as the annually maturing crop of the Tamagami
and Missisaga reserves. The organization of a
working forestry department, in contradistinction
to a merely advisory bureau, taken in connection
with the opening up of Northwestern Ontario
by railroads, practically means that the shortage of supply, on which some operators have
been basing wierd calculation, was only a temporary condition and that a good deal of water
is likely to be squeezed out of timber-limit values
in the near future.
Hon. John Dryden, Ontario Minister of Agriculture, states that he expects to be able to distribute 200,000 young trees in  1906.
To Provide Against Forest Fires.
In this connection it may be noted that the
Ontario government has promulgated additional
strict regulations for averting the growing danger of forest fires on the Tamagami and other
reserves, all persons entering which are now required to give their names, addresses and information as to their visit, etc., to the officials. Mineral prospectors are obliged to secure permits,
for which a fee of $10 is charged and very minute directions are given as to the building of
fires. The same subject recently occupied the
attention of the Ottawa Parliament, where Hon.
Clifford Sifton intimated his intention of carrying out the suggestions made at the recent
convention of the Canadian Forestry Association
in regard to the precautions necessary to be observed in railway construction,,in the way of
effective patrols and the provision of equipment
for fire-fighting by contractors.
Vital Statistics.
The appeal of the lumbermen of British Columbia for a moderate duty on lumber from the
United States has fallen upon deaf ears, and the
tariff amendments, while making_ some concessions to other interests, have altogether ignored
the needs of this important industry. Meanwhile
the inroads upon our market from our protected
American competitors are increasing from month
to month. The report of the Department of
Trade and Commerce for March, just issued shows
under the heading of lumber and timber (not including logs), importations from the United
States free of duty, valued at $444,901, as compared with $279,291 for March, 1903. During
the nine months ended March, 1904, the free lumber importations from across the border were
valued at $3,964,061, as compared with $2,426,-
740 for the corresponding period last year. Our
lumber shipments to the United States continue
to show a steady decline. The value of manufactured wood exported across the line was $679,296
in March, 1903, and had fallen to $475487 in
March, 1904, until the returns for the nine month
period closing with March were $10,607,882 this
year, as against $12,310,447 in 1903. For the
next few months the decline is likely to be still
greater, judging from the numerous reports as
to industrial stagnation and the curtailment of
expenditures.
Recent Incorporations.
A large number of lumber companies have
been incorporated recently. Among those which
have obtained provincial charters are the following:
The Northern Timber Co., Ltd., Toronto, capital $100,000. Provisional directors, Albert H.
Vanderburgh, Wm. H. Gilchrist, C. W. Bennett,
Wm. J. Martin, and Reginald H. Parmenter, all
of Toronto.
John B. Smith & Son's, Limited, Toronto, capital $400,000. Provisional directors,_ John Mc-
Aulay Smith, Robert Smith, Wm. J. Smith and
James H.  Smith.
The Digby Lumber Co., Limited, Toronto,
capital $25,000. Provisional directors, Archibald
Kidd and Francis H. Kidd, Toronto; and Frederick A. McDiarmid, of Fenelon Falls.
U. S. TARIFF REDUCED.
Recent Action Under  Dingley Tariff  Act  Has
Been Revoked—Logging Conditions Inactive—Trade Matters.
A Tree Nursery.
Steady progress is being made with the establishment of a tree nursery at Guelph Agricultural College for supplying farmers with
young  forest  trees  for  reforesting  waste  land.
Seattle, June 12th.—An item appeared recently
in a British Columbia paper, stating that word
had been received by an agent of the Great
Northern railway in British Columbia, to the
effect that the duty on rough lumber had been
reduced from $7.50 to $2, as it existed prior to
the month of March. Same report also stated
that the duty on rough cedar hereafter would
be based on a valuation of 15 per cent ad valorem. This item was shown to the custom house
officials in Seattle, and Mr. J. F. E. Lloyd, the
local adjuster, admitted that the information
was correct. He stated that the $7.50 rate was
put on during February last, as a retaliation
against British Columbia, for putting on a similar duty a little while previous to this of something like $5.00 a thousand for rough lumber. The section of the U. S. custom law relating to this matter reads as follows: "If any
country or. dependency shall impose an export
duty upon saw logs, round unmanufactured timber, stave bolts, shingle bolts or heading bolts,
exported to the United States or place a discrim-
inal charge upon boom sticks, the amount of
such export duty, tax or other charge, as the
case may be, shall be added as an additional
duty to the duties imposed upon the articles
mentioned in section 195" This retaliatory feature has for some unknown reason to the local
custom officers, been abandoned and peace has
been declared from May 21st. A letter from the
Washington, D. C, headquarters was received
May 25th, instructing the office to place the
charge on imported logs at $2.00, as it formerly
existed.
In regard to the duty on rough cedar, it has
heretofore been optional with the adjusters
whether it be classed as manufactured or sawed
or rough cedar. The custom laws have two sections dealing directly with this subject, and but one
is explicit where cedar is mentioned. On rough
boards the charge is 15 per cent ad valorem,
while on manufactured cedar for cabinet wood,
etc., the charge is $2 a thousand feet, board
measure, as provided in section 195-
To clearly understand it, the two sections are
here given. The pertinent provision of section
198 reads as follows: "Sawed boards, deals and
all forms of sawed cedar, not further manufactured than sawed, 15 per cent ad valorem." The
pertinent provision of section 195 reads as follows: "Sawed boards, planks, deals and other
lumber of whitewood, sycamore and basswood,
one dollar per thousand feet, board measure;
not specifically provided for in this act, two
dollars per thousand feet, board measure."
The question was brought before the collector of customs at Port Townsend some time
ago by J. C. Caskey, of this city.    He imported
a lot of sawed cedar lumber from British Columbia and was charged duty according to the
provision in section 195. He protested against
the ruling of Collector Ide, claiming that it
should be valued according to section 198. He
was sustained by Adjuster J. F. Lloyd, of the
Seattle office. He appealed the matter to the
authorities in Washington, and the decision of
Collector Ide was reversed by the U. S. general appraiser. The sample shows that it was
sawed cedar, not further manufactured, as specifically provided for in section 198. Mr. Cas-
key's importation was the first of its kind, and
henceforth all sawed cedar, which is not further
manufactured, may enter and pay duty according to section 198.
Logging Will be Discontinued.
By the end of this month, and in some cases
earlier, all logging on the Sound will be at a
standstill. The limited demand for logs by the
lumber mills has caused this move on the part
of the Loggers' Association. During July and
August not a camp on the Sound will be in operation, if the order is obeyed. By fall, it is
hoped, the lumber market will be sufficiently
revived to absorb the available product lying
in the waters of the Sound.
The dry weather which has prevailed on the
Sound during the past month has not yet caused
much damage to standing timber, but should it
continue for a long spell, some losses will no
doubt occur. New settlers are pouring into all
parts of Western Washington, and it is their
carelessness in clearing land during the summer
season that causes 90 per cent of all the forest
fires. Warnings have been issued to settlers,
and in some cases timber is patrolled at regular
intervals. This may tend to reduce the danger,
but fire cannot be entirely eliminated. Some
disastrous fires have occurred in Whatcom county, and around Maple Falls, not less than $10,-
000 worth of timber has been destroyed. The
Cascade Cedar Company's mill in Snohomish
was destroyed on May 26th, causing a loss of
$40,000. 	
For Reduced Rates East.
The committee representing the Pacific Coast
Lumber Manufacturers' Association, which
went east last month to confer with the repfe*
sentatives of three railroad systems in regard
to securing a 40 per cent rate to Missouri river
points for their fir and hemlock products, have
been turned down. The Great Northern and
Northern Pacific roads favored granting the
new rate, but Harriman refused to sanction the
cut. It is reported, however, that the matter
is still pending and that the lumbermen still
have hopes and will make renewed efforts to
secure this valuable market, which is now in
the hands of the Southern and Eastern lumber
manufacturer. The condition of the lumber market at present was shown to the railroad men.
It was demonstrated that a 25 per cent waste
in lumber manufacture resulted because lath and
small dimension lumber could not be cut so long
as the mill men are kept out of the new market.
A total of 1008 mills in Oregon, Washington,
Idaho, Montana and British Columbia were interested in the rate reduction movement and
signed the monster petition presented to the railroad presidents. The argument used by the
representatives of the Harriman system was that
should the western roads grant the reduction,
the Southern lines would no doubt take a similar action in regard to yellow pine. The lumbermen showed that the 10 per cent cut on freight
rates could not be made by the lines without
wiping out their charges almost entirely. The
rates for yellow pine run from 11 to 18 cents,
and it would be manifestly impossible for the
roads of the south to take 10 cents off these
rates. Moreover, the mill men of the Coast
showed that the percentage of the total business
they would handle, while saving their business
and plants for them, would not wipe out the
southern mills.
[Since the foregoing was put in type we are
in receipt of the following telegram upon the
subject.—Ed.] BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
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Ik British Columbia tt, limber & Trading tfj
QnniAA Both Clear
OprilCe and Rough
es, Lath, Doors
...and Mouldings
CARS
We can Load
Mixed Cars
Promptly
PROMPT SHIPMENT IS OUR SPECIALTY FOR 1904
Cod* UMd I    AMERICAN LUMBERMAN TELECODE
BRANCHES:
ting's Saw  Mill,  Vancouver Royal City Saw and Planing: Mills, Vancouver
Moodyville Saw Mill, Burrard Inlet Royal City Saw and Planing1 Mills, New Westminster
THE
HAY" Locomotive
Manufactured by LIMA LOCOMOTIVE & MACHINE CO.
Specially  designed for HEAVY   GRADES and SHARP
CURVES, in railroad, logging and mining operations.    This Company also manufacture
Direct-Connected Locomotives, Steel Dump Cars,
Gray Iron Castings, Etc.
Locomotives, Second-Hand   all kinds
Logging Truck*, Rails, Track Material
Iron and Steel   all shapes and kinds
Machinery.   Pig Iron.   Cast Iron Pipe.
Eye Beams, Channels, Structural Steel,
all shapes, Plates, Etc.
= RAILS =
NEW AND RELAYING
W. D. HOFIUS & CO.
OPFIOE8
72-74 Dexter Horton Building,
512 Chamber of Commerce,
SEATTLE, WASH
PORTLAND, ORE. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
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E. H. HEAPS & CO.,
MANUFACTURERS OF
LUMBER
Lath, Shingles, Doors, Mouldings, Etc
SPECIALTI
AAI HIGH GRADE CEDAR SHINGLES
Cedar Bevelled Siding, Cedar Deer and Sash Stock, cut to she, Cedar Finish, Base, Casing, Newels, Balusters,
Etc.  Douglas Fir Timber up te 85 feet In length.
Cedar Gove Mill, Vancouver, B. C.
Ruskin Mill, Ruskin, B. &
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Seattle, June 18.—Notice of the first step in
favor of lumbermen of the coast, in their application for a 40 per cent rate to Missouri River
points, was received here last night. The following is a telegram to General Agent E. E. Ellis, of the Union Pacific, from General Agent
R. B. Miller, in Portland:
"Effective July 1st, we will issue an amendment
to the lumber tariffs authorizing application of
fir lumber rates on spruce and hemlock to all
eastern points now covered by published tariffs."
Mr. Miller says this means a reduction of approximately ioc per hundred under the present
tariff. The reduction is apparently only on
spruce and hemlock, the rate for which at present
is 60 cents per hundred; fir is 50c.
Local lumbermen say this is a point in their
favor which they believe will be followed by other
concessions with regard to fir.
National Lumber    Manufacturers'    Association.
The convention of the National Lumber Manufacturers' Association opened in the house of
the Hoo Hoo in St. Louis on May 25th. The
State of Washington was well represented. On
the first day of the meeting $16,478 was raised
in order to establish a lumbermen's credit rating
system. A department for the National Association was created for that purpose a year ago,
but it was a failure under the original plan of
taxing each member of the association $40. The
fund raised will be enough for the completion
of a credit book giving full rating of each buyer.
South African Opportunities.
According to a report recently received in this
city from U. S. Consul W. Stanley Hollis, at
Laurence Marquez, on Delagoa Bay, in Portuguese South Africa, there is an excellent opportunity awaiting our lumbermen in South Africa.
He states: "Large quantities of lumber from
your part of the world are imported at this port,
and I am now in correspondence with some Pacific Coast merchants with the view of extending the trade to other Pacific Coast products."
Outside of shipments of lumber from the Port
Blakely and the Port Gamble mills, our exports
to South Africa are not large. There is more
hope that the Sound may some day capture a
large share of the South American trade.
Shingles have dropped in price two or three
times during the last month and the result is
that some of the mills will close down, the owners
claiming that no money can be made out of
shingles selling at $1.40 and $1.70. The outlook
for the shingle business in this state is certainly very poor, and as it costs from $1.10 to $1.25
to manufacture shingles in this state, it may
be readily seen that the lot of the shingle manufacturer is not an enviable one. Building
throughout the east is gradually being resumed,
but it does not seem to have any effect in the
lumber and shingle market. The past winter
in the east was an exceptionally hard one, and
the spring is about as bad. Many farmers who
were prohibited from building in the winter
through extreme cold, may also give up building
this spring, owing to the backward season.
ADJUSTED.
Labor Troubles of Chicago Are Over for the
Time Being—Rush of Work Results—
The Shingle Market.
Chicago, June 10. — The labor troubles
in this city, which had a depressing effect on
building operations, have been settled, for the
most part, the contractors are rushing work in
the usual manner.
The Northwestern Cedar Manufacturers' Association held a meeting at Escanaba, Mich.,
early in May, and decided that it would be wise
to close down the white cedar shingle mills until
prices  go  high  enough to  insure profit.    It is
claimed that the great quantity of Pacific Coast
shingles sold in the States has had such a depressing effect on the price that this article cannot be manufactured at a profit. In cargo lots
the price is,  extra $2.40,  standard $2.
Lumber dealers who keep pretty well posted
on the market state that the demand for quarter-
sawed oak is falling behind the production and
that oak flooring is being used instead, where-
ever possible. 	
, Railroads Take a Hand.
The Illinois Central Railway Company is
backing a scheme to establish a colony on 100,-
000 acres of timber land in Louisiana.
The government allotment of timber lands
to the Choctaw Indians in Indian Territory is
in progress, and lumbermen from all parts of
the country are purchasing the timber on the
lands in every case where it is possible to make
a deal with the new owners. There are 1,500,-
000 acres of pine lands. The timber is said to
be worth as it stands about $3 per 1000 feet
Lumber Demand Good.
Wholesale lumber dealers here state that trade
is good in all lines of stock usual in residences,
stores,  offices  and  factories.
The demand for railroad ties is almost constantly equal to the supply. If a metal tie is
not soon invented or devised, the question of
how to supply the demand for timber ties will
be difficult to answer.
Great quantities of hemlock timber are used
in this section in work where quantity is more
of an object than quality.
Poplar lumber is a prime favorite among dealers and users and there is not much variation
in the price.
White pine lath sell at $3, wholesale. Other
varieties are cheaper.   The demand is not heavy.
Box factory lumber (white pine) is almost as
staple as flour here and the supply is never greater than the demand. ,   I   i
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BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
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E.   L.   Kinman,   of  Trout   Lake,   has   returned
from a trip to the St. Louis fair.
Mr. John 11 anbury, of Brandon, Man., president of the North Star Lumber Co., of Cranbrook. spent some days there last month looking
over  tlie company's properties.
Jennings & Laurie, tie contractors, have some
20 men employed in getting out ties.
The Moyie Lumber Co. and the East Kootenay Lumber Co. have been taking full advantage of the high water on Moyie lake to prosecute their log driving operations.
Among the first indications of future activity
shown by the new Minnesota sawmill organizations locating on Perry Creek, East Kootenay,
was the placing of an order for 50,000 brick
with the local Cranbrook linn of Taylor &
Davis.
The Cranbrook Sash & Door Co., are now
shipping logs from Kimberley to Cranbrook by
rail.
The A. E .Howse Co.'s sawmill, at Princeton,
B. C, will shortly begin cutting with C. Schisler
at  the lever.
Mr. John W. Coburn, manager of the Ladysmith Lumber Co., Ltd., has been elected by acclamation as Ladysmith's first mayor. The town
of Ladysmith received its charter of incorporation early this month.
Mr. R. J. Spalding, travelling representative
for Goldie & McCulloch of Gait, Out., had rather
an unpleasant experience during his last trip
west, lie had an enforced holiday by being cort*-
fined in the Cranbrook hospital with an attack
of scarlet fever.
Forest fires have been doing considerable damage near Wigwam, midway between Revelstoke
and Arrowhead.
The Yale Lumber Co. will shortly put in a
large sawmill at Midway on the site of that belonging to W. Powers, which was burned some
months ago, Mr. Powers having sold the site to
that company  lately.
W. H. Griffith, of Cranbrook, is installing a
sawmill at Fort Steele Junction. All the necessary machinery has arrived and will be placed
on Young's timber location in the vicinity. A
tie camp will also be established, and the C. P.
R.  will  build  a  spur  to  the  mill  and  camp.
The new logging camps of the Empire Lumber Co., are situate about two miles up Fish
river from Goldfields. A wagon road has been
completed to the camps, and the road will most
likely be extended some distance up the river.
A big force of men is at work.
Among the other interests owned by the late
Senator Reid. in Cariboo, which it is said will
be offered for sale will be the flour mill and sawmill at Quesncll, B. C. These, we are informed,
have an excellent local trade, and offer a fine
opportunity for anyone desirous of obtaining a
going business in that part of the Province.
The remaining parts of the sawmill machinery for the Canadian Mills and Timber Co,,
Ltd. have arrived at the company's mill at Trout
Lake, and General Manager Henderson says the
mill should be in operation by the middle of June.
The building of the barge is progressing favorably and will be ready for service at an early
date.
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BRUNETTE   SAW   MILL,   NEW   WESTMINSTER
Tenders are being called for by the St. Eugene
Consolidated Mining Co. for 30,000 to 50.000
lineal fet of heavy mine timber, peeled.
Messrs. John McDonald and John Blackburn
have purchased the building at the old Park-
Mitchell sawmill, north of Moyie townsite.
A mill, it is said, will be erected at Jaffray, on
the Crow's Nest, by Messrs Leitch Bros., who are
experienced mill men. They are already making
arrangements to cut timber off pre-emptions in
the immediate locality.
R. Robertson, of Cranbrook, has secured a
contract to supply the C. P. R. with 100,000 ties.
He had already commenced work near Mayook.
An immediate start is to lie made on the work
of paving Yates street from Government to
Wharf streets, Victoria, B. C. Blocks have been
ordered from the Shawiiigan Lake Lumber Company and  will  be  ready shortly.
G. H. Bremmer, who returned recently from
an extended trip through the Territories and
Manitoba in behalf of the Robinson McKenzie
Lumber Co., of Cranbrook, says that business
looks good all through those sections, although
everything was retarded by rains and washouts
early in the spring.
Extensive clearing fires between Proctor and
Robson, on the Arrow lake, gave rise to the belief that forest fires were raging in that neighborhood.
A new planer has  been  installed  at  the   East
Kootenay mill at Rhoda, and a gang of men have
been put on to dress and strip the lumber stock
on hand there. 	
F. G. Barrows and 0. H. Robertson, of Minneapolis, directors of the Elk Lumber and Manufacturing Company, Fernie, were visitors to
the property  this  month.
The new mill being erected for Mr. Staples
at Perry creek, East Kootenay, will have a capacity of 150,000 feet a day, and will be provided
with an efficient electric light plant. The machinery is en route from the east.
The Ladysmith Lumber Co., at Ladysmith, B.
C, had a narrow eseape from total destruction
by lire last month, but by the heroic exertions
of the local volunteer fire brigade, the fire was
confined to the planing mill department, which
was totally destroyed, involving a loss of about
$5000, with no insurance.
Mr. H. Pinckart, representing the Holway estate of Lacrosse, Wis., who visited tlifc Coast
last winter, has been spending some weeks in
the Kootenays, investigating the lumber possibilities of that part of the province.
Water power developments are now under way
at Elk river falls, and Bull river. It is estimated
that 50,000 horse power are now running to
waste in Southeast Kootenay.
D. C. Craig, Madawasca, Ont., paid a visit
recently to Fernie to look over some timber limits in the district with a view to investment.
Mr. Craig was strongly impressed with the future of the lumber in lustry in South East Kootenay.
Messrs. Wrigglesworth & Bullock, experienced
brick makers, have leased a clay bed from the
Crow's Nest Coal Co., at Fernie, B. C, and have
begun the manufacture of brick by hand until
such time as they can get the necessary machinery on the ground. It is said that the clay being used will produce bricks which will withstand the severest tests of weather conditions.
Twelve dollars per 1000 delivered does not seem
an exorbitant price at Fernie, yet the makers
claim to he able to put them on the market at
that price. The new industry will no doubt be
fully appreciated by the citizens of Fernie in
the rebuilding of their town. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
11
The Rat Portage lumber Go'y, Limited
TELEPHONE NO. 354
VANCOUVER BRANCH
MANUFACTURERS OF
P. O. BOX 778
FIR, CEDAR AND SPRUCE
\#
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Building Material of ail Kinds Delivered Promptly.    Hardwood In Car Lots.
MILL AND OFFICES :
SOUTH GRANVILLE STREET BRIDGE
VANCOUVER, B. C.
CLIMAX MANUFACTURING CO.,
CORRY, PA.
BUILDERS OF
Geared Locomotives and Logging Cars.
Built on Modern Locomotive Principles
For Wood and Steel Track Where Great Tractive Power and Flexibility are Required,
Especially on Steep Grades and Sharp Curves.   Write for Catalogue and Prices.
F. M. RAYMOND, Agent,
64   Starr-Boyd Building, Seattle, Wash.
THE WHEELER, OSGOOD COMPANY
TACOMA,
WASHINGTON
.. MOULDINGS.-   DOORS   COLUMNS,SASH
We are equipped to make
1200 doors per day
With a proportionate amount
of other mill work
We are prepared to make
prompt shipments
A. SINCLAIR
MANUFACTURER OF
RED CEDAR LUMBER
CUT EDGE GRAIN
Mills at False Creek, Vancouver, B. C.
SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO FACTORY ORDERS
RED CEDAR LUMBER CO.
LIMITED
MANUFACTURERS OF
Fine Cedar Lumber
and Shingles ....
TELEPHONE B334 P. 0. BOX 322
Orders Solicited and Correspondence Promptly Attended to
POWELL STREET ...VANCOUVER, B. C i
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BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
Armstrong & Morrison, of Vancouver, B. C,
have been awarded the contract for the erection
of the new wharves of the C. P. R. at James
Bay, Victoria, B. C. It is estimated that the work
will cost in the neighborhood of $25,000. The
erection of the necessary buildings, sheds, etc.,
will be let under a separate contract.
E. C. Steves has commenced driving the logs,
which last winter he cut on several ranches, immediately across the international boundary line
from Midway. They will be taken down th|e
Kettle river to Cascade to the Yale Columbia
Company's mill at that point. A large number
of men will be engaged on the drive.
Nothing daunted by the very heavy loss which
he has sustained, Mr. Andrew Haslam, of Nanaimo, has commenced the reconstruction of his
mill at that point, which was burned down last
month, and from all reports as soon as he is
able to operate he will have a season of exceptional activity. The local lumber demand, it is
claimed, will be greater in Nanaimo this season than it has been  for years.
Construction work is proceeding apace with the
new mill to be erected by Mr. O. Staples and associates, of Minnesota, at Perry creek. It is the
desire to have the work as far forward as possible this summer. The operations presently are
under the supervision of Mr. B. F. Fisher, of
Duluth, Minn., and Mr. Schreiner, of Stillwater,
Minn.
The Ross-McLaren Mills, near N(ew Westminster, has again changed hands. Mr. Lester W.
David, manager of the Monarch Lumber Co.,
of Blaine, Wash., has purchased the property
from Mr. H. L. Jenkins, of Minneapolis. Up to
the present writing we are not directly advised
as to Mr. David's intention regarding the mill,
but we believe he is interesting eastern capital
with him, with the view of reinstalling the mill
for early operation.
of Peterborough; George McCormick, M. P.,
lumber manufacturer, Orillia; George Fowler, M.
P., barrister at law, Sussex, N. B.; Hon. Elliot
Grassette Stevenson, Detroit, Mich.; Lieutenant-
Colonel John Irvine Davidson, wholesale merchant, Toronto; John Alexander McGillivray,
Uxbridge, and Hon.  George  Foster.
The head office of the company is Toronto,
and the company takes over the business of the
Kamloops Sawmill, together with several valuable timber limits adjacent to Shuswap lake and
in the Okanagan districts of the Province.
A  Sheriff's  sale  was advertised  to  take  place
at Sidney, B. C, on the nth inst., of a quantity
of spruce lumber stacked in the yards of the Sidney Sawmill.    The seizure resulted from trouble
connection with timber received from one of
The by-law submitted to tl(e people of Nelson to bonus a sawmill to be erected by Minneapolis capitalists, was voted upon on the 2nd
inst., and passed by a big majority. The bylaw calls for the payment in cash of $5,000 to
the company, part on the commencement of construction and the balance 011 the beginning of
active milling operations, together with exemption from taxes and water rates. J.  P.  McGold-
Says the Nanaimo "Free Press," under date of
31st ulto.: "The heaviest piece of machinery
ever turned out of a Nanaimo manufactory was
on Saturday afternoon tested for the first time
in the yard of the Nanaimo Foundry and proved
to be a complete success. It is a logging engine
designed by Messrs. Dobeson & Sons, to aid
in the logging operations of Haslam's new camp
on Jervis Inlet. The logging locomotive, for such
it is called, weighs all told, engine, boiler, water
tank and truck, when in running shape, about
fifteen tons. It will be shipped to the camp some
time this week, and put to work at once. Mr.
Dobeson was delighted with the result of the
test, and feels confident that locomotives of the
same kind will be in demand for logging operations in all parts of the province.
BONNINGTON    FALLS,    KOOTENAY    RIVER
the logging camps, but we are informed that the
matter has been amicably settled, and the sale
withdrawn.
rick, of Minneapolis, is the originator of the new
company.
L. B. Joseph, of San Juan, West Coast of Vancouver Island, while in Victoria a few weeks ago
reported that the logging industry at that place
is flourishing, and expects that an exceptionally
big business will be done during the summer
months. At present he has twenty men employed
at his camp at Port Renfrew, and announces that
the export trade is increasing.
Victoria Day at New Westminster, B. C, was
somewhat enlivened by the total destruction of
the Kirkpatrick Shingle Mill, on the Fraser river
just below the town. Besides the mill, the dry
kiln, which was full of shingles, and the foreman's house were destroyed. The loss is estimated at between $15,000 and $20,000, and was
not covered by insurance we regret to learn.
At Ten-Mile, on the Kootenay river. Nelson,
B. C, Wm. Koch has 40 men working on the Enterprise mine and 30 men in his sawmill. He is
steadily shipping ore to Nelson and lumber to
Manitoba. lie has recently taken a contract to
build a concentrator at Crestoii, for the Alice
mine. "Men of Koch's stamp," says the New
Denver Ledge, "are needed in the Slocan. Tie
never sits looking for sugar to drop from the
clouds, but keeps in motion and acts, while others
talk and dream."
Cowan & Son, of Fernie, has purchased one
of the largest stocks of seasoned lumber in the
Kootenays from what is known as the Cedar
Valley Co., Ltd., which operated near Fernie
a year ago. This will no doubt help out the seasoned lumber depression now on in that town,
caused through the recent big fire. It is understood that the firm has placed part of it on the
Fernie market.
R. S. Gallop, of Canterbury, East Kootenay,
who owns some extensive timber limits on Toby
and Dutch creeks in that section, is making preparations to get out 3,000,000 feet of logs. He
says that he has timber of excellent quality,
which will cut up to a large percentage of first-
class high grade lumber. Mr. Gallop also owns
a valuable mill-site at Moberley, on the main
line of the C. P. R., about eight miles below Golden on the Columbia, and he considers that there
would be no difficulty to drive his logs to Moberley.
The Kamloops Limber Company was incorporated in Ontario last month with the following incorporators:       William Irwin, contractor,
Local reports from Revelstoke, B. C, make
mention of the extensive and varied resources
of the Upper Columbia basin, or Big Bend country, not only on account of its mineral deposits,
but for the immense timber resources. It is
claimed that the timber of this section of B. C
is excellent in quality and consists of cedar, fir
pine and spruce, and the proportion of clear
obtainable is larger than in any other section
of the Province. Difficulty of access has militated against the opening up of this favored district, though the Revelstoke S.S. Co. is contemplating putting on another steamer in the
upper waters of the river and encircling the rapids by a tramway, thence to Canoe river by wagon road, at which place considerable mining
activity has been carried on during the previous
winter. The Revelstoke Timber Co. has some
valuable timber claims in this section and have
successfully driven some 4,000,000 feet of logs cut
last winter.
C. P. R. CONTRACT LET.
Winnipeg, May 30.—The contract for the
erection of the new C. P. R. freight sheds and
offices here has been awarded to the Manitoba
Construction Company. The award was made
public on Saturday. The other tenders will
probably   be   awarded   next   week. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
13
THE A. J. BURTON SAW WORKS, LTD.
Attention is drawn to the advertisement of the
above company, and in connection with which
it would not be out of place- in these columns to
give a brief history of the promoter of the enterprise, Mr. A. J. Burton. Up to the present
time the company is purely "local," the citizens
of Vancouver and vicinity having generously subscribed to the stock list, but in order to be in a
position to meet all requirements of business, an
additional appeal has been deemed advisable by
the shareholders, so that the works may be equipped with everything needful, and of the best
quality.
Some weeks ago we had the pleasure of an interview with Mr. Ben Marshall, travelling representative of R. Hoe & Co., the celebrated saw
manufacturers of New York, and in speaking to
the possibilities of the proposed Burton Saw Factory, he informed us that the proposition was
such a gild-edged business one that he could not
understand why action had not been taken before
by Canadian or American manufacturers. He is
fully conversant with the saw requirements of
Canada from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and said
that from Toronto to Vancouver, a distance of
over 3,000 miles, there were fully 700 sawmills,
a very large proportion of these being west of
Winnipeg. It was striking a low average, Mr.
Marshall said, to say that each mill would want
saws or saw repairs to the value of $500.00 per
annum, and that if Mr. Burton succeeded in his
enterprise he has nearly all that country to draw
from west of Winnipeg. He knew Mr. Burton
well by reputation, and that while he was engaged
in the Eastern states, he could command almost
any salary, so exceptionally high was his ability
in all that appertains to the manufacture of saws,
of saw filing or installation. Mr. Marshall thought
the proposed business should meet with hearty
support from milimen of British Columbia, as the
establishment  of  such  a  factory  would  tend   to
keep thousands of dollars in Vancouver which
otherwise would go for the greater part to the
Sound and Eastern States. Personally from trade
associations, he would rather not like to see the
factory established, as its assured success might
not tend to improve the business conditions of
his own firm in this market, but as Mr. Burton's
specialty would be band saws, he felt sure the
business relations between R. Hoe & Co. and the
A. J. Burton Saw Co. would always be of the
most pleasant. As a genuine business speculation Mr. Marshall knew of nothing more substantial or certain in the country. The saw-making
business was a money-maker, and with Mr. Burton at the head of the local concern, success was
assured.
Mr. Burton was born at Margaree, Cape Breton, in 1869, and from an early age until he was
16 years old, worked in his father's water power
mill. At that age he begged his father to allow
him to go to the western part of the island to
work for a year in another mill, which was worked
by a 12 by 14 inch steam engine, in order that
he could learn more about mills. It was several
months before he gained the consent for this
home-leaving, as he had become of great service
to his father, owing to his extraordinary mechanical inclinations. This permission being given,
Burton left his father's old water mill to see his
first steam power sawmill; he was placed in
charge of the mill, as head sawyer, within 60 days,
and remained there for five months. He had been
taught filing by hand by his father when at home,
and had become expert in this, the only method
of sharpening saws in those days; and in the year
1886 Burton went to Boston, Mass., and worked
as a shingle filer for that year. From there he
engaged with George D. Emery & Co., of Chelsea, Mass., as helper in the band-saw filing department, where he stayed until 1890. The band-
saws used there were made in France, and were
5 inches wide, 17 gauge, the wheels of the mill
were of wood, covered with rubber, yet the mill
turned out good work and lots of it for its size.
It was at this mill that Mr. Burton gained his
first experience in fitting up saws for hard woods
that are grown in South America and Cuba, such
as mahogany, red cedar, coco, Bola, ebony, tulip,
amyranth, granodillo, etc.
Mr. Burton had by this time determined that
he would become master of the band-saw, and
succeeded in engaging the position to put up the
saws for the first iron mill ever erected in Massachusetts; this mill ran 10-inch saws on 8 feet
wheels. After filing in this mill for the years until 1895, he took the position at the Gilmour Company's mill at Trenton, Ont., and had charge of
three band mills, with 12-inch saws, which at that
time were considered to be very wide, and a band
resaw.
It was at this mill that Mr. Burton put up a
16-gauge saw that cut 16 boards a minute from
a long cant 16 feet long by 16 inches deep. This
output broke the World's Fair record (Chicago),
by two boards per minute. The test was timed
by the general manager of the Gilmour company,
and Mr. Burton holds a very complimentary letter from Messrs. E. P. Allis & Co., the makers
of the mill, upon this extraordinary cut.
In the fall of 1895 Mr. Burton engaged with
Messrs. Fowle Bros. & Clemson Saw Co., of Wo-
burn, Mass., upon an agreement to place his experience in fitting up saws in mills at their disposal, and in return the company were to teach
Mr. Burton the process of manufacturing saws.
This was the very best deal that he ever.'made
in his life, as the year he spent in the works
gained for him his knowledge of the processes
of manufacture, and the various treatments of
different steels in the hardening and tempering
processes, together with the experience of making saws for the different woods. This experience is now being put to good use in the new com-
pany.
Mr.Burton spent a year on the road for this
firm as salesman in the States of Pennsylvania,
MARINE AND STATIONARY
Engines and Boilers
Ships, Yachts
... and Tugs
We manufacture
Marine Boilers of all
kinds as well as Horizontal Boilers as shown
in cut.
Our Marine and
Stationary Engines are
decidedly highest grade
and our Ships, Yachts
and Tugs have everywhere given the utmost
satisfaction.
We know we can
give you first-class
work and solicit a
chance to quote you.
THE BERTRAM ENGINE WORKS CO., Ltd.
TORONTO,
ONTARIO,
CANADA mmmmm
BRITISH  COLUMBIA  LUMBERMAN
Thomas Kirkpatrick
MANUFACTURER OF
RED CEDAR
-SHINGLES-
Dally Capacity, 250,000
Mills at Hastings and New Westminster
HEAD OFFICE, HASTINGS, B. C.
llcited and Correspondence
Attended to
Telephone B 1425
Boyd,
Burns & Co.,
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Engineering Supplies
Ship Chandlery ....
Agents for E. C. Atkins Co.'s
CELEBRATED SILVER-STEEL SAWS
Iron Pipe, Valves, Belting,
Pipe Fittings, Wood Pulleys,
Steam Packing,      Wire Rope.
icouver, B. C,
January jejth, 1902.
L. Johnson, Sapperton, B. C.
_ing to your enquiry of a few days
to how we liked the Improved "John-
hinglc   Machine  which   we  recently
from the Schaake Machine Works,
glad to be able to state that we are
Much pleased with it.
We have had experience with a good
many styles of Shingle Machines, and
in our' opinion this one is the best ot
all. The two important points in which
this machine excels all others is the style of
friction, and the method of driving the carriage, the former being very simple and
positive, and the latter improvements making the machine work very smooth and easy,
without any jar or jerk.
If   we   were building another  mill  we
would have no other kind ot machine.
Yours truly,
THE   SPICER   SHINGLE   MILL  CO.,
Limited.
H. H. SPICER, Manager.
Drag Saw Machines, Jack Works,
Log Haul-Ups, Log Haul-Up Chains,
Combined Log Dog Grip and Stops,
Friction Log Dog Grip Hoists,
Knee Bolters, Bolt Cutting Machines,
Swing Saw Cutting-off Machines,
Shingle Packers,
Dried Shingle Presses,
Shafting, Hangers, Bearings, Pulleys,
Pulley Flanges, Shaft Collars,
Shaft Couplings, Engines, Boilers,
Conveyor Chains, Etc. Etc., Etc., Etc.
SHINGLE   MILL   MACHINERY.
Look into the merits and prices of our
machinery before placing your orders
"JOHNSON'S" IMPROVED UPRIGHT 8HINGLE MACHINE.
THE SGHAAKE MACHINE WORKS,
NEW WESTMINSTER,
British Columbia BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
15
Virginia and South Carolina, and later was engaged by E. C. Atkins & Co., as salesman and expert on band-saws. His duties consisted of visiting mill's, and in cases of complaint, he was required to personally examine the saws, and, if in
his power, to put the saws right. He proved a
successful salesman, as he was able to not only
take his coat off if necessary and demonstrate the
qualities of them; his knowledge of saws, mills,
file-room, equipment, etc., from practice enabled
him to prove the truth of his statements in a mill
of any capacity by actual test.
MY. Burton willingly admits that he has to
thank others for a great deal of his present ability, as without the points gained by his association with other first-class filers in the States and
Canada which he added to those picked up himself, he would have been just an ordinary filer in
one groove.
He first received his idea of making saws for
British Columbia two years ago, it being suggested to him by Mr. H. C. Atkins, of the E. C. Atkins Co., that he should take charge of a branch
for them there. He, however, found the ground too
good to share with anyone, and last fall came here
with the result that the A. J. Burton Saw Company, Limited, is an accomplished fact today. He
found difficulties at first in getting the people of
the Province to take up the new enterprise, as
it is entirely new to most people and with the
prudence that experience has given them, at first
were slow in taking up the Company's stock, but
it gradually came along and the buildings of the
Company arc now erected, and a 50 horse-power
motor installed. Machinery has been ordered
and some is on the way now.
/
SUPERIORITY  ACKNOWLEDGED.
During his recent visit to Minneapolis, Mr. J.
H. Bloedel, manager of the Larson Lumber Co.,
of Bellingham, Wash., expressed the view pretty
freely to the "Mississippi Valley Lumberman"
concerning the retaliative duty agitation in
Washington, and at the same time said some
good words about British Columbia shingles.
He is reported as follows:
"You may have seen something of the recent
agitation in Washington, by which some of the
shingle manufacturers hope to have the duty on
shingles from British Columbia increased to a
dollar a thousand, in retaliation for the practically prohibitive export duty the British Columbia
authorities have placed on cedar logs. Well, to
my mind such agitation is not for the best interests of the lumbermen of either side of the
line. If this policy of retaliation is carried on
to the extent favored by some of the extremists,
we will soon have such high barriers that trade
between the two countries will be entirely shut
off. Every time we make a move in that direction they will come back at us with another, and
there will be no end to it. While it is true that
our rough lumber goes across the line free of
duty, finished stock pays twenty-five per cent ad
valorem, and we do not ship any shingles across
the line at all.
"On the other hand, British Columbia shingles come into this country freely, in spite of the
duty of thirty cents per thousand, and then sell
for from twenty-five to forty cents per thousand
more than we can get for ours. No doubt this is
the reason that some of our manufacturers want
the duty raised to a dollar a thousand, but that
is not the way to meet that competition. The
way to meet it is to make as good a shingle as
the British Columbia manufacturer. If we made
as good, a shingle as they do we could get the
price that they do, and on an even basis we
would have the preference. I am free to admit
that our shingles are not as good as theirs, but
we can make as good a shingle, if we will all get
together and agree to. I cannot start it alone,
nor can any one, or two, or three others, but if
we all get to making as good shingles as they do
across the line, we will have the trade instead
of the shingles.
"I believe that the Interstate Red Cedar
Shingle Company, as now reorganized, can do
much to help in this direction. Now that it has
given up the idea of controlling the amount and
value of the output, it can use its best endeavor
toward educating the mill men into the habit of
making better shingles, showing them how it is
to their interest to do so. By doing this the
company, which is now more like the old association, can do almost, if not quite as much for
the trade as by carrying out the plan originally
intended." \f
^^^uommenting upon statements to a similar intent by the Interstate Red Cedar Shingle Co.,
of Washington, the "Canada Lumberman" thus
expresses itself:
Superiority of British Columbia Shingles.
We have always maintained that the British
Columbia Red Cedar shingle was a superior article in respect to manufacture, the reason for
which probably lies in the fact that until recently
the business was confined to a few enterprising
manufacturers who a few years ago set themselves to work to carve out a market for B. C.
shingles. Their motto seemed to be excellence
of manufacture. How well they have succeeded
is shown by the large number of new mills which
have since been  built, but more  strikingly still
by the admission which has just been made by
the Interstate Red Cedar Shingle Company,
which is the selling pool for the shingle mills
of the State of Washington.
It must be a source of gratification to British
Columbia milimen to know that their efforts to
produce a first-class article are appreciated by
the trade and that buyers are discriminating
against those mills which turn out an inferior
grade of shingle. It is this consideration which
has enabled them to market their product in the
United States even in the face of an import duty.
It is to be hoped, however, that the British Columbia manufacturers will not rest on their laurels, but that they will continue to endeavor to
produce an article which will have no rival. The
large number of new mills which have lately
been built in British Columbia is a source of
danger in this respect, and it might be advisable
for the British Columbia Lumber & Shingle Manufacturers' Association tO' especially impress upon their members, as well as those outside the
association, the advantages of maintaining a
high standard of quality for their product.
The A. J. Burton Saw Co., Ltd
INCORPORATED 1904
VANCOUVER,  B. C
AUTHORIZED CAPITAL, $75,000, IN  750 SHARES OF $100 EACH
A. J. BURTON,
HERBERT WILKINSON,
Managing Director
Secretary-Treasurer
BOARD OF  DIRECTORS
ROBERT JARDINE, President DR. E. SAWYER, Vice-President
E. W. MACLEAN        HENRY PIM        A. J. BURTON
BANKERS, Molsons Bank, Vancouver. B. C.
OFFICES AND WORKS, Corner of Powell Street and McLean Drive, Vancouver, B. C.
The company is offering stock to the public o f this province at par until July 8th, 1904, when
the list will be closed.
The company has purchased land, consisting of four lots, upon the corner of McLean Drive
and Powell Street, Vancouver, B. C, facing Powell Street, and running back to the C. P. R. track,
and with one side upon McLean Drive, (now opened up).   The whole measuring 185 ft, by 132 ft.
Upon this a building has been erected, 85 ft. by 40 ft., two floors, with a tempering shop 26
ft. by 32 ft. one floor at one side.
A 50 h. p. motor and the main shafting and pulleys are already installed. A portion of the
machinery has been ordered, including a milling machine for the inserted-teeth saws, a heavy parallel grinder for band saws, and the material for the tempering furnace.
The company is having its circular saw grinding machine built after the latest approved American model.
The stock already sold is more than sufficient to cover the cost of the land, buildings and the
machinery and supplies now in hand and ordered.
Further stock is now offered for purchasing the further necessary plant and supplies, to complete the whole, and enable the company to execute the orders which are already promised to the
company.
The inquiries already received from users of the company's manufactures ensures that the
worko will be fully occupied in executing orders, but sufficient land is owned by the company for
extending the works when the needs demand it.
The company enjoys the advantages of cheaper fuel for the tempering furnaces, and oil for
hardening, than can be obtained in Eastern Canada, and Messrs. Jessop, of Sheffield, have quoted
the company the same prices for their steel delivered at Vancouver as at Toronto,
An invitation is extended to persons desiring further particulars to visit the company's
works and examine the company's books.
Stock will be offered to the public of this province at par until July 8, 1904, after which the
list will be closed.
Applications for shares will be received by the Secretary.
HERBERT WILKINSON..
At the company's offices, corner Ppwejl Street and McLean Drive,  Vancouver,   British Columbia. 16
BRITISH COLUMBIA  LUMBERMAN
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Mr.  F.  W.   Lea, of  Huntting  &  Lea   Lumber
Co., left on the 7th inst.  for St.  Louis.
Mr. George W. Campbell, manager of the
Rat Portage Lumber Co., returned last week
from Ottawa.
The Alberta Lumber Company have recently
installed a McGregor & Gourlay planer. Mr.
McRae reports business very fair.
Mr. John F. Macrae, manager of the Rat Portage Lumber Co., at Harrison River, spent
some days in the city this month.
The   Great   Northern   Lumber   Co.,   with   its
mill on False creek, is now advertising for the
of the prairie and Eastern Canada.
from Cloverdale, n miles south from
tminster, state that    the    two    shingle
wmills  in that vicinity are  "rushed    with
of 3,000,000 feet of logs from up coast
one    week is the record    the    tug St.
Capt.   French,   made  for   itself   early  this
Lester   W.   David,   a   Blaine   lumberman,
owner of the  Ross-McLaren  Mills, at
was   a  visitor  to    Vancouver    this
astings mill, of the B. C. Mills Timber &
Co., started up on June 1st after a shut-
a few weeks, when    extensive    repairs
e.
t Portage   Lumber  Company's  mill  on
feek resumed operation after a shut-down
weeks.    Extensive improvements have
demand  for  lumber  of  all   grades  has
great  deal  to  offset  the  serious  effects
inroads of American rough lumber to
West has made among the Vancouver
Mr. J .M. McKinnon, of McKinnon and Ferguson, local representative of the Oriental
Power & Pulp Co., Ltd., has gone to the scene
of the company's future operations at Swanson
Bay, B. C.
Mr. John Murray, povincial forest ranger
and timber inspector, has gone to interior points
to round up timber revenue matters in preparation for the close of the fiscal year at the end
of the present month.
Building operations in Vancouver have done
much to offset the slackness of orders from the
Territories, among the local mills. The building permits for the month of May issued by the
building   inspector,   amounted   to   over   $226,000.
A party of Minneapolis capitalists have this
month been looking over the plant and premises
of the Ross-McLaren mills at Sapperton, now
owned by Mr. L. W. David, of the Monarch
Lumber Co., of Blaine, who accompanied the
party.
Mr. William Irvin, of Peterboro, a prominent
shareholder of the Pacific Coast Lumber Co.,
and one of the incorporators of the Kamloops
Sawmill Co., Ltd., was in Vancouver this
month, accompanied by Mr. Alex. Hamilton, of
Peterboro.
Arrangements are about completed in the securing of a site on Burrard Inlet, east of the city
limits for the construction of a large mill to be
erected, as soon as lumber conditions improve,
by a prominent Sound lumberman owning much
valuable timber in the  Province,
Mr. Don. Cassil, travelling representative of
the James Ohlen & Sons Saw Manufacturing
Co., of Columbus, Ohio, was in Vancouver last
week looking over trade conditions here.
The firm of James Ohlen & Sons is a very old
one, dating its establishment back to 1852.
The A. J. Burton Saw Co., Ltd., made application to the Vancouver city council for free
water for this company'^ factory. The council,
however, to show its appreciation and encouragement to new industries, notified the applicants that the city would grant them water at
the "lowest legal rate.'
Mi. J. Fyfe Smith, representing Allen,
Taylor & Co., of Sydney, N. S. W., in Australian
hardwoods, received a large consignment of excellent samples by the last steamer from Sydney, including turpentine wood, tallow wood,
black butt and iron bark. The qualities of these
Woods and others were described in a recent issue of the "Lumberman."
The shingle business is not in as good condition as it was some months ago. Price cutting
has been indulged in by several manufacturers,
and the prices are lower than they have been for
years. The good offices of the British Columbia
Shingle Manufacturers' Association, have been
powerless  to protect the  market.
"The biggest lumbering enterprise in the
west is expected to make its headquarters in
Vancouver this summer," says the Vancouver
"World" of some weeks ago. Ontario lumbermen are credited with the undertaking. The
prospective trade with Mexico and the Panama
canal enterprise are the inducements.
The Manitoba Lumber Co., Ltd., the incorporation notice of which was published last month,
has secured a lease of some 400 feet frontage
on False creek, adjoining the Alberta Lumber
Company's mill, and will build a mill this summer. It is claimed that the product of the mill
is for the Manitoba trade, the incorporators
being   mostly   from   the   Prairie   province.
Huntting & Lea, of the Huntting & Lea Lumber Co., have leased the mill of Beckman &
Chisholm on Burrard Inlet, and are now operating it.
A delegation of lumbermen, consisting of
Mr. John Hendry, Vancouver, president of the
British Columbia Mills Timber & Trading Co.;
A. C. Flumerfelt, representing the Victoria
Board of Trade; Mr. W. C. Wells, lumberman,
of Palliser; Mr. J. G. Scott, Vancouver, manager of the Pacific Coast Lumber Co. left for Ottawa last month in connection with the petitions
from public bodies of this Province to the Dominion Government praying for the imposition of a
duty upon American lumber. The results of
their efforts is already well known, and touched
upon   elsewhere.
Mr. Albert Sinclair, owner of a sawmill on
False Creek, Vancouver, late of Wapella, Assa.,
left a few weeks ago for the latter place to close
the sale of his lumber yard there to the Imperial Elevator Co., Ltd, of Winnipeg. Mr. Sinclair, before returning here will look into the
trade   possibilities   throughout   the   Territories.
SURVEY PULP LANDS.
Railway sidetracks have just been completed
on the south shore of False creek by the C. P.
R. spur from the Vancouver & Lulu Island
track, and the mills on that side of the city
are greatly benefitted thereby. These are the
Vancouver Cedar Mills, operated by J. D. Sinclair, The Alberta Lumber Co., and the Vancouver   Lumber   Mills.
The contract for the completion of the survey of 22,200 acres of timber land up the coast
has been awarded by the Oriental Pulp & Power Company of Vancouver, to Mr. W. A. Bauer,
The completion of this work will finish all surveys of this company's lands and make the concession   from   the  Government  complete.
The company received a concession from the
Provincial Government of 83,200 acres, and has
already obtained leases for 61,000 acres. The
erection of the pulp and paper mills will be commenced as soon as material can be placed on
the site, and will be pushed to completion. According to the Provincial Act governing the con-
STATEMENT OF FOREIGN   SHIPMENTS   OF LUMBER MADE BY THE B. C. MILLS
TIMBER & TRADING COMPANY, VANCOUVER, B. C, IN 1904.
Date. Name and Rig.
Jan.   26—German bark Hydra	
Feb. 13—Chilian   bark   Admiral   Tegethoff
11—British  ship Khyber   	
Mar.   7—British  steamer  Longships   	
22—American bktn. James Johnson..
23—British  bark Linlithgowshire   ...
4—British steamer Miowera   	
14—British steamer Ping Suey  	
31—British   steamer  Moana   	
Apr.    8—British  ship  Agamemnon   	
18—British bg. Sussex  	
28—British   ship   Belford   	
29—British  steamship  Aorangi   	
30—British  steamship Ningchow   ...
30—British  steamship Ningchow   ...
May    3—Am. schooner Lottie Bennett ...
7—Am. schooner Americana 	
27—British steamer Miowera  	
31—British steamer Hyson  	
31—British steamer Hyson 	
31—British steamer Hyson  	
Tons.
742
892
1927
2843
992
1357
1888
4150
2414
1212
1771
496
839
Destination.
Antofagasta	
Antofagasta	
Freemantle   	
Shanghai   	
Shanghai   	
Freemantle	
Suva,   Fiji   	
Kobe, Japan   	
Suva, Fiji	
Hongkong	
Sunderland,  Eng.   . .
Sydney.   N.  S.  W.   .
Suva, Fiji	
Kobe, Japan	
Hongkong	
Junin,   Chile   	
Osaka, Japan   	
Suva,   Fiji   	
Dcvonport,  England
Hongkong  	
Nagasaki   	
Feet.
573.718
709,901
1,665,319
1,143.785
1,233,870
1,125.789
44,029
119,638
35,6.38
128,588
1,009,440
1,621,165
40,841
42,075
153.700
644,396
1,023,654
25,100
168,017
26,624
70,080
Hi
FOREIGN   LUMBER   SHIPMENTS   FROM   CHEMAINUS.
Date. Name and Rig.
Jan.   17—French   ship   Andre  Theodore..
17—British ship Eskasoni   	
27—German  ship   Chile   	
20.—British   steamer   Peleus	
Feb.    5—British steamer Aorangi   	
6—British steamer Tydeus   	
Mar. 14—German   ship   Adolph   	
7—British steamer Longships 	
22—American barkentine  	
Tons. Destination.
1875 Cardiff, U.  K.   ...
1715 Sydney, N.  S. W.
2054 Callao	
4800 Kobe, Japan  	
2782 Sydney 	
4800 Japan 	
1651 |Iquique   	
2843 I Shanghai   	
992 j Shanghai   	
Feet.
1,584,227
1,430,308
1,806,123
28,070
120,857
196,941
1,369,442
1,143,785
1,233,870
Value.
$ 6,682 00
8,259 00
19,275 00
13,687 00
15,920 00
11,031 00
870 00
1,400 00
642 00
1.575 00
12,283 00
16,087 00
990 00
841 00
1,817 00
6,710 00
15.465 00
274 00
10,000 00
332 00
1,380 00
Value.
$22,500 00
19,950 00
21,790 00
1,010 00
3,818 00
4,704 00
14,560 00
13,687 00
15,920 00 BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
17
cession, the buildings must be in place and shipping of news print started by the end of 1906.
The lands surveyed and to be surveyed are
situated on Princess Royal [sland, Gardiner's
Canal, Kitimaat Island, Finlayson Channel, Yeo
Island, Emily Peninsula and Roderick Island,
all adjacent to the company's mill and townsite
on Swanson's Bay, Graham's reach, about four
hundred miles up the coast from Vancouver.
MORTGAGE SALE.
The mortgage sale of the property and plant
of the Cedar Valley Improvement Co., which was
advertised in last issue, to take place on the 19th
inst., did not come off, there being no bidders.
Messrs. L. M. Johnstone and P. L. Vibert, of
Lethbridge, N. W. T., representing the mortgagees and Mr. H. B. Gilmour representing the
Waterous  Co.,  were present.
LOGGERS PETITION  GOVERNMENT.
The logging conditions of the Province have
undoubtedly suffered severely through the enforcement of the terms of the amendment to
the "Land Act," passed at the last session of
the Legislature, insomuch as it effectually prohibits the exportation of logs from licensed
lands. With a view to bring the existing condition of affairs to the notice of the Government
the following petition, drawn up at a meeting
of Coast loggers last week, has been forwarded to Victoria:
"To the  Hon.  R.  F.  Green,  Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works:
"Sir—This petition of the undersigned loggers and others interested in or drawing their
support from the logging industry, respectfully
showeth:
"That where as an unparalleled condition has
arisen in the logging industry whereby we can
say truthfully that owing to the depressed conditions in the lumber industry in this country
there is practically no market for logs in British Columbia, the result being that the products
of the logging camps are depreciating in quality or being eaten up by the deadly teredo,
while the owners and operators have no funds
with which  to meet their obligations;
"And, whereas we see no prospect of a change
in the near future that will be of benefit to us,
our only hopes being to have the markets of
Puget Sound opened to us, where we can market our logs at prices that will enable us to
dispose of the present stock of logs and enable
us to carry on successfully in the future this
important industry: for we can assure you that
a crisis has arisen which, if not met, those of
us operating logging camps will have to shut
down and quit business, many of us, in fact,
have already been compelled to suspend operations.
"Wherefore, we respectfully request that you
will cancel and annul the order in council causing the export of logs to the United States to
be prohibited and thereby open to us the American market and save us from financial rum
and our creditors from loss, and protect at the
same time one of the principal industries of
the Province. And your petitioners, as in duty
bound,   will   ever   pray."
BRITISH COLUMBIA    INCORPORATIONS.
The following new lumber companies applied
for and obtained certificates of incorporation in
this  Province  since  the  publication  of our last
issue:
The Pacific Coast Pipe Co., Ltd., capital $25,-
000, divided into 25,000 shares of $1 each. Objects: Manufacture and sale of wooden pipe and
to do everything in connection with the construction of waterworks systems, for cities, towns and
villages, hydraulic works for mines, power
plants and irrigation systems.
The Ontario-Slocan Lumber Co., Ltd., is gazetted as an Extra-Provincial Co., with Mr.
D  St. Dennis, of Slocan, B. C, as attorney.
Mr. W. N. Rolt, of Trout Lake City, has been
appointed attorney for the Canadian Timber and
Sawmills Co., Ltd., in place of Kdward Buchanan,
of the same place.
The King Mercantile Co., Ltd., of Cranbrook,
is applying to have its name changed to that of
the King Lumber Mills,  Ltd.
CREDITORS' NOTICE.
An order of the Supreme Court of B. C. was
granted on May 19th last, in proceedings taken
under the "Companies Winding-up Act, 1898,"
to have the Fernie Manufacturing Co., Ltd.,
wound up voluntarily, G. O. Ross, (civil engineer), and Melvin S. Martin (building contractor), of Fernie, B. C, were appointed liquidators
for the purpose of such winding up.
Creditors of the said company are required to
forward statement and particulars of their claims
on or before July 22, 1904.
TIMBER LICENSES ISSUED.
The month of May shows a considerable falling off in the number of new licenses taken out,
there being only five, three of these
are in the East Kootenay district, one in
the Coast and the other in New Westminster
district, but of renewals there are 55- However,
during the first two weeks of June 78 new applications were made for timber.
MEETS WITH SUPPORT.
Our Vernon correspondent called attention in
his May letter to the want of unanimity among
the citizens of that city n the encouragement
of local industries and private enterprise, and
the uncertainty which existed as to the disposition of a request recently made by Mr. S. C.
Smith, of the Vernon Saw & Planing, Mills, for
certain minor exemptions. The following report
of a committee would no doubt be welcomely received, and the city council of Vancouver might
well take a leaf from Vernon's municipal book
in this regard.
Vernon, May 25, 1904.
To the Mayor and Council,
Gentlemen:—Your special committee appointed
to interview Mr. S. C. Smith re proposed exemption from taxation and water and light rates beg
to report as follows:
Mr. Smith will give a guarantee that the machinery and plant at the factory shall at all times
be maintained and kept at not less than the present capacity and Mr. Smith agrees to pay one-
half of the schedule rates for electric light during such time as the lights shall be used at the
factory. .
Your committee therefore recommend that tne
above conditions be accepted as satisfactory and
that the city solicitor be instructed to prepare
a by-law embodying the above conditions, and
subject thereto, that the exemption from taxes
and water and light rates be granted tor ten
years in respect of Mr. Smith's factory property
Signed* J. W. GLOVER,
Chairman Special Comm'nee.
EXAMINE YOUR POLICY.
A recent issue of the Mississippi Valley "Lumberman" calls the attention of its readers to conditions endorsed upon insurance policies covering lumber stocks. As the policies of all insurance companies are practically the same on this
continent a careful perusal of the following may
be found of infinite value:
"At the annual convention of the Nebraska retailers, held some weeks ago, President John W.
Barry of the Northwestern Association, read a
paper'in which he called the attention of the retail lumber dealers to the faults to be found in
a very large proportion of the insurance policies
covering stocks of lumber. It was shown that
these  faults  made  the  insurance  void  in many
instances, and Mr. Barry recommended that retailers everywhere scrutinize their insurance policies to find whether or not their yards are really
protected. In another column of this week's issue of "The Lumberman" will be found a communication from a retail firm that has followed
the advice there given, with the result that they
find a number of things in the average policy
written by the old line companies, that render
the policies practically void under many conditions. This firm examined the policies covering
nine yards and found the insurance defective.
They immediately sent them back to the companies for correction.
"They found in buying yards that a number of
retailers had been paying full board rates for insurance that did not protect them from damage
that resulted from lightning. The policies stated
explicitly that no damage by lightning would be
allowed unless by specific agreement—that is,
unless a lightning clause was attached. Another
clause was found in two of their policies, that
rendered them void if additional insurance was
carried without having the fact endorsed on them,
or without the provision that concurrent insurance would be allowed. Another of the defects
found was one to which Mr. Barry called attention. It was that the insurance was of no effect
if the buildings or stock covered were on leased
ground, unless it was specifically stated in the
policy. Still another was that the policy was
rendered void if work on repairs or alterations
extended for a longer period than fifteen days.
"The writer of the communication says that he
cut out and filed the address of Mr. Barry, as a
reminder of the necessity for closely examining
every policy of insurance written on any of his
property, and will probably be worth a good
many dollars to many of the readers of "The
Lumberman" if they will follow the lead of this
firm. It is not necessarily a fault on the part of
the insurance companies that these things appear in policies. They have studied the legal
points all out and have so prepared the form of
policy as to protect their rights in case of loss.
They are willing to add to their policies the necessary clauses that will give the insured the protection he pays for, but the form of policy as
printed must be general in its character. It is
intended to cover the average case. But each
risk is likely to have some individuality that
makes special provisions necessary, and for this
reason the retail lumber dealers must explain all
the circumstances to insurance agents, in order
that this particular policy will fit his particular
case."
The following is the communication referred
to above:
Arlington, la., April 8, 1904.
Editor Lumberman: —Last winter you published an article on insurance by John W. Barry.
This was a most excellent article and should be
filed away for future reference, as was done by
the writer. This is a subject that is too much
neglected, not near as much care being devoted
to it as should be. The writer agrees with Mr.
Barry that thousands of dollars of insurance are
not worth the paper written on.
We have nine yards on which we carry $451000
insurance, and we find on examination that much
of the insurance was defective, as pointed out by
Mr. Barry. We have gone over all our insurance
carefully and have been sending the policies in
to the companies, writing the insurance, for correction.
In buying yards we find that a great many are
paying $1.25 a hundred insurance, and do not
have the lightning clause attached. In reading
over our policies, sections 45 to 49. it very explicitly says no damage by lightning will be allowed,
unless by special agreement hereon. So, if the
lightning clause is not attached to the policy,
nothing can be collected on fire by lightning.
We found that two of our policies were no
good, as sections 11 and 12 say this entire policy
shall be void if the insured now has or shall hereafter procure insurance, and same is not endorsed
or added hereto. So, to make the insurance good,
it is essential to have endorsed on the policy;
concurrent insurance allowed.
Sections 17 and 18 cut off insurance on build-
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BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
ings on leased ground, if not so stated in policy.
So it is necessary for the policy to so state the
buildings are on leased ground.
Many lumbermen invalidate their insurance by
working on repairs to their sheds for a longer
period than 15 days. Sections 15 and 16 say the
policy is void if mechanics be employed in altering or repairing for more than 15 days. We have
stated in the policy: Permission granted to make
ordinary alterations, additions and  repairs.
One cannot be too careful about his insurance
policies. Where it says: "This entire policy
shall be void, etc.," it means just what it says and
it behooves us to have the policy written as carefully as we possibly can, so we may be on the
safe side in event of fire. It will pay everyone
to carefully read over his policy. Yours truly,
JAYNE & KEVE BROS. LUMBER CO.
Per J. F. Keve, Mgr. & Treas.
RECOMMENDS  B.   C.   LUMBER.
The Douglas fir of British Columbia is finding increased favor in Eastern Canada, but it
should be used to a still greater extent. Large
quantities of Georgia pine and cypress and
other southern woods are being used in con
struction work, the lower freight rates and free
entry into Canada giving the southern product
an advantage over British Columbia timber.
Where quality is considered, however, the latter should be given the preference, as it is
stronger and more durable and will withstand
the effects of water admirably. Canadians
should use more of the B. C. timber.—Canada
Lumberman.
In the Crow's Nest section the Great Northern has commenced construction of an extension from Morrissey to Coal Creek, making a
distance of some thirteen miles. Owing to the
engineering difficulties in that mountainous district a large number of men will be employed
in order to complete the work before winter sets
in.
It is expected that work may be begun this
summer upon the Mid way-Vernon railway. The
chief engineer of the constructing company has.
during the past few weeks, been looking over
the road. The proposed line has both Provincial
and Dominion subsidies, and the route is said
to be an easy one, and the line will tap some of
the richest territory in the Province.
CROP PROSPECTS.
INTERESTS CONFLICT.
A NEW LUMBER AGENCY.
The Menz Lumber Company, with headquarters
in Minneapolis, has opened a retail lumber yard
in Winnipeg.    Some weeks ago reports were to
the effect that the company intended placing the
iroduct of its Minneapolis mills upon the Manila market, but the Winnipeg manager emphati-
denies the report.   The company will handle
ost exclusively British Columbia lumber   and
gles and do a wholesale and jobbing business
e Prairie capital.
te months ago Mr. J. F. Foss, of Winnipeg,
tpanied by Mr. G. W. Dulany, secretary of
jenz Lumber Co., made a trip to the Coast
view of looking into the lumbej situation
intemplating then the opening of a lumber
in Winnipeg.    Since that time Mr. Foss
:ed several large orders  for lumber and
with Vancouver mills.    Mr. Foss    pre-
jarried on a retail business in Winnipeg
n account.
Toronto, May 31.—Canada will this year have
a hundred million bushel crop. P. Lewis, a
prominent member of the Grain Exchange, has
issued a circular of the prospective crop for the
year. He quotes Ontario at 19,000,000 bushels
of wheat, five million less than last year. Manitoba and the Northwest he puts at eighty-one
million against fifty-three million last year,
making the total Canadian wheat crop for this
year one hundred millions, about half of which,
he  estimates, will  be  available  for  export.
The St. Eugene Consolidated Mining Co., of
Moyie, asked Government Agent Armstrong
for an injunction against the East Kootenay
Lumber Co., to restrain that company from
damming Moyie river, on the grounds that the
water in the lake has been raised to such an extent as to damage and jeopardize the former
company's interests and property. The matter
was referred to the Supreme Court at Victoria.
RAILROAD BUILDING.
TO  REMOVE OBSTRUCTIONS FROM
RIVERS.
The construction by the Great Northern Railway of that portion of the Victoria, Vancouver
& Eastern railway from Grand Forks to Pheonix,
together with a spur to tap the Granby smelter,
has very greatly stimulated trade in the Boundary section of the Province, and all branches
of trade, to say nothing of the lumber interests
are greatly profiting thereby. The road is expected to be ready by November next.
The Empire Lumber Co. has submitted a proposal to the Lieutenant-Governor in Council for
the clearing and removal of obstructions from
the Columbia river and Upper Arrow lake, near
Arrowhead, for making the same fit for rafting
and driving thereon logs, timbers, rafts and
crafts.
The East Kootenay Lumber Co. is making
similar application for the improvement of Little
Sand creek, in East Kootenay.
The IMinjs Sifle Miifooiinf Company, Limited
HEAD    OFFICE :     VANCOUVER,   B. C.
SPECIALTIES
Red Cedar Bevel Siding, rcss
Fancy Butts,
in. Dimension
Also
The Famous
AND
Brands of Shingles
ALL CHOICE STOCK
We own and operate several mills in Washington and British Columbia, being on both sides of the "imaginary line," known as the International line, and it keeps our opponents in the trade guessing how to meet us on account of the good quality of our manufactured stock which
has been so carefully planned that even the selection of our timber lands in years past has something to do with the present.
We find our competing salesmen's story to the customers has now got to be a "song pure and simple," which they have learned from necessity to sing loudly and lustily, and Is as follows: — "Just as Good as Hastings," "Just as Good as Hastings."
While we appreciate their holding our goods as models of perfection, which the high standard certainly merits, still, looking at the matter from
the customers' and consumers' standpoint, we cannot see any advantage to you In buying an imitation when the real article can be had through
our representatives, viz:—
JAMES TWITCHELL, Clinton, Ont., for Ontario.
SAMUEL  ASHFIELD, Winnipeg, Man., for Manitoba and the
North-West Territories.
SMITH,  DUPLAIN & CRUMB CO., Rockford, 111,, for Illinois,
Indiana, Ohio and Wisconsin.
D.  D.  BABBITT, Clinton   Iowa, for Minnesota and Iowa, North
of the C. & N. W. Ry.
JOHN  A.  UHLER, Burlington,  Iowa, for Iowa, South of the
C. & N. W. Ry.
C. S.  RILEY, & CO., Philadelphia, Pa., for Pennsylvania.
F. R. STEVENS, 18 Broadway, New York City, for New York
and New Jersey.
UNITED LUMBER CO., Springfield, Mass., for Maine, New
Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and
Connecticut.
SHEPHERD, FARMER & Co., Boston, Mass., for Maine, New
Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts and Rhode Island. BRITISH  COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
19
W. J. 8HEPPARD, Waubaushene, Ont., President
J. G. 8COTT, Vancouver, B. C, General Manager
Pacific Coast Lumber Company,
Ltd.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
AA:?<i«A£:\J^-*<:?4'A
MANUFACTURERS OF-
Fir, Cedar and Spruce Lumber, Lath, Houldings, Turned Work, Etc.
HIGH GRADE RED CEDAR SHINGLES
CAPACITY—Saw Mill, 150,000 feet pet 10 hours;   Lath Mill, 25,000 per 10 hours; Shingle Mill, 300,000 per 10 hours ; with
ample Planing Mill and Dry Kiln Capacity to Handle our output.
PACIFIC COAST LUMBER COMPANY. LIMITED
Cedar, Fir and Spruce
CHOICEST STOCK
EDGE GRAIN CEDAR A SPECIALTY
Prompt Shipments Superior Grades
Mail Orders Respectfully Solicited
J. D. SINCLAIR
Lumber Manufacturer
■■I
VANCOUVER, B. C.
TIMBER LIMITS...
If you want to buy British Columbia timber limits it will
pay you to see me and get quotations. I can give you a
figure on 75 per cent, of all B. C. limits that are in the market.
I have an excellent milling proposition which will require
about $75,000 cash to make it a financial success. Competent
parties claim it will pay a profit of $25,000 per annum. No
use to write about this. Come and inspect it. I have another
proposition where $5,000 to $10,000 cash can be used to
advantage in a going concern.
C. D. RAND, Broker,
450 GRANVILLE ST.,
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Hardwood Lumber
American  and Australian
Embossed Mouldings, Carvings, Etc., Burlap and Wallpaper
DEALERS   IN —
Plate, Sheet and Fancy Glass
Correspondence Solioited Orders Promptly Attended to
ARTHUR P. MAY & CO.
Vancouver, B. C.
544 SEYMOUR ST.
P. O. BOX 194
British Columbia Cedar Shingles
HAVE A WORLD-WIDE REPUTATION
You Want None but the Best
Then Place Your Orders with    —-^
JOSEPH CHEW
SHINGLE  MANUFACTURER
Vancouver, British Columbia 20
BRITISH  COLUMBIA   LUMBERMAN
: i
1
;.
<u
POWELL   LAKE    FALLS
ELKO WATER POWER.
The Elk River Rower and Light Company,
which possesses the water rights on the Falls at
Elko, will commence active measures to develop
its property at once. A. J. Mott, of Fernie, and
Thos. Crahan, of Michel, who originally owned
this property and since formed the above named
company, went west on yesterday's local. Refore
leaving Mr. Mott stated that they had been called hastily to Elko to meet the engineers who
had been summoned to make a survey for a power plant near Elko, The company had capital
behind it and would put in a plant which would
Utilize the entire power of the falls.
It is said that the company have in view the
construction of a tram railway line from Elko to
Michel. The power will also be sold for lighting and other purposes. It is estimated that the
entire fall of the river included in their right is
about 109 feet, which will give about 3,000 horse
power. The harnessing of this immense power
has long been recognized as one of the coming
steps in the industrial progress of the valley. Up
to the present the time has not appeared ripe for
such an expensive undertaking, but in view of the
rapid industrial and commercial development that
appears to be spreading over the valley the time
has arrived when this water power can be utilized to advantage.—Fernie Free Press.
TATER POWER   OF   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
is the age of inventions, when modern
seems to be limited only by command
fcl, it is strange that greater advantage is
jn of the practically unlimited water
this province. With but few exceptions
istries still depend upon steam, although
je could often be taken of nearby water
lich, after the initial expense, could be
lore economically operated by water pow-
:tricity, which in the past decade has
'such wonderful growth, comes to the front
th greater appreciation, when by a touch from
the hand of modern science such great sources
of wasted energy are transformed into this fluid
and guided to its mission, often miles away from
the place of its birth.
That such power can be carried for very long
distances with very small percentage of loss
has been practically demonstrated for
years, and in a country such as this, where these
available water powers are very thickly distributed, it is to be assumed that in the near future
this cheap and constant source of energy may be
used to better advantage with the manufacturer.
It must not be forgotten that not only may we
use our water falls in this way, but also our rivers, with their rapid currents, which represent
thousands of horse power, waiting to be harnessed and controlled. Even the ocean tides,
with their great rise and fall, have under special
local conditions much economic value in direction. The time is not far distant when a great
part of our Trans-Continental railway system
may be advantageously operated by electricity,
generated at some of the many water falls in
proximity to their course from the Pacific to at
least the foot-hills east of the mountains. It may
not be possible at the moment to utilize this power for extreme distances away from the source
of supply, although it seems to us but a question
of a short time before more portable storage batteries than are at present in use may be invented,
which will permit of the entire railway system to
be operated by electricity generated at available
points.
With so much competition in the lumber industry, the proximity of more or less water power
to every timber limit in the country, makes it
quite possible for the logger to avail himself of
this easily generated power, a very portable wire
could carry the power from the source to any part
of his work, and actuating a portable plant, would
be capable of doing at a moity of the expense
everything done by his log hauler, while illlum-
inating his camps, sawing his logs and felling his
trees.
C. P. R. BUILDINGS AT WINNIPEG.
Montreal, June 7.—The announcement was
made yesterday morning by General Manager
McNicoll of the Canadian Pacific that Peter
Lyall & Sons, of this city, has been awarded the
contract to build the company's new hotel and
station at Winnipeg. The contract price is in
the neighborhood of a million and a quarter
dollars.
ON THE MARKET.
Information has been received that the C. P. R.
has placed on the market the whole of the Columbia & Western land grant in Kootenay. Within
this   grant   are   some   very   valuable   timber  and
agricultural lands.
FALLS,    KANAKA   CREEK,    MAPLE   RIDGE BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
JIMXXIXUXHXXIXIIIIXmxlIIXIIIXXXXXIXIXIXXIXIIIIllXXXIXXXIXXIIIIi
421
Practical 3ui\ts
ixixxxxxixixixxxnixixxinxiixxxiiixixiirxixixixixxxxiiiitxiixixii:
A NEW WRINKLE ON THEIR HORN
By A. J. Burton.
There have been a number of interesting articles in the columns of the Lumber Trade Journals upon the subject of the necessary amount
of Crown a Rand Saw should have to make it
hold its position on the wheels while in the cut.
It appears to me that there is not another process in connection with the fitting-up of a band
saw upon which the opinions of Filers differ
so much as upon this point. I am pleased, however, to see by the columns of the trade journals that each year the filers are gradually learning that Crown in the back of a Single-cut Band
Saw is as essential to the quality and quantity
of lumber as any other process in the fitting-up
of the saw. The reader may call to mind an
article by the writer, 5 or 6 years ago, in "The
Woodworker," wherein I strongly advocated that
a Single-Cut Band Saw should have 1-32 inch
Crown in 5 feet 6 inches; at the same period
several brother filers and readers wrote articles
attempting to show that a saw could be run with
a Straight Back, with the same grand results.
Today I find that most of these "Straight-
backed" advocates are now converted to the
Crown Back. They must have added a new
"Wrinkle to their Horn." I wish this to be understood to be complimentary to these converts
for their wise change of opinion, and not the
meaning a farmer would understand when buy-
and an old black cow, upon whose horns, every
wrinkle, after she is 6 years old, lessens her
value. With a filer, every wrinkle he gets on
his horn, adds to his value, both to himself and
his employer.
Going back to Crown in saws: Several years
ago I was representing a saw manufacturing
concern and travelled from mill to mill adjusting
any complaints that were from time to time
made by their customers. I was instructed to
do all in my power to assist the filer in each mill
and post them on any little points that would
help them to improve their work or save them
time. This was one of the best years of my life,
as I used the opportunity thus given me to note
the different methods of fitting up and handling
saws used by the various filers all over the
country, from Florida to Minnesota, and from
Missouri to New Hampshire. This exchange of
points was the means I used to add several
"Wrinkles to my horn."
At one of the mills in Pennsylvania, the filer
was a "Straight-backed man," and of course was
in favor of the straight saw of another make
than the one I was representing. I tried to sell
his company a pair of saws, but it was no use
that time. I saw that it was "up to me" to prove
to them that I was right, by backing up my goods
by a test; so I left them and planned to get into
the firms good  books somehow.    A week after
I wrote to their manager asking him to give
me permission to fit up two of our company's
saws in their file room; I explained to them that
my company had made these two saws of two
different makes of steel and wished by practical
test to prove which was the better steel for band
saw work, and that they wished me to make the
test personally, before the one chosen was delivered to our customer. I received permission,
and immediately wired my people to make and
send me two saws made of the same grade of
steel and equal in temper, in fact, as near alike
one to the other in every respect, but in the matter of crown. I ordered one to be straight-
backed and the other to be crowned to 1-32 inch
in 5 feet 6 inches. Then the trouble commenced
in our own shop, for they had no gauge 5 feet
6 inches, but had one 11 feet with 1-16 inch
crown and the head saw maker informed my
manager that the latter was just the same degree of curve as the one I had asked for. The
manager,  however,  wrote   to   me   asking  if  this
II foot gauge with a concave of 1-16 inch would
give the same result as the 5 foot 6 inch gauge
with a 1-32 inch concave I had asked for. I
wrote saying that this would not do, as there
would not be half the crown on the saw that
I had requested, and that I must have the saws
made to my order if they expected me to win a
new customer, even if they had to make this
special gauge. The result was that the gauge
was made, and one saw made straight as usual,
and the other with a crown in the back of 1-32
inch in 5 feet 6 inches. More trouble came along
in the shop, for wdien this saw was laid down
alongside a saw made to the 11 foot gauge 1-16
inch concave the sawmaker noticed that my
saw had a curve of 4 inches more in its length
than the saw made to the 11 foot gauge. The
manager wrote assuring me that I must have
made a mistake in my order, as the head foreman of the. shop said that the saw would never
run without breaking all to pieces, as the gauge
I had ordered gave a saw more crown than any
they had ever seen or heard of. I replied that
1 would bear the cost if the saw broke, and asked
that the saws be shipped to me at once.
In a few days I received the two saws and got
them to the mill where I had permission to put
them up. I fitted up the straight-backed saw
first and then the crowned one, but without letting either the filer or manager of the mill know
that one was straight and the other crowned.
When I was through, the manager and filer sat
with me on a wood'en bench, and in the course
of conversation, I mentioned that these two
saws were made of different grades of steel and
that my people would adopt the one which gave
the better results from my test. I suggested to
the manager that it would satisfy his curiosity
and my own if he would permit me to make a
preliminary test on his mill, and, as he agreed,
and the straight-backed saw was put on the mill,
and, as I expected, it did no better than the
other saws used in the mill but it made the usual
run. When the other saw was put on, I stepped
out to the mill and tilted the top wheel to run
the saw off in the right position. The saw
stood up so well and cut so good that the sawyer nearly covered up the men at the tail end
of the mill with lumber, and he expressed the
opinion to the manager that it was the best saw
he had ever had on that mill. The manager
was so satisfied with the work that he said if
our company could furnish him with saws like
that one he would place his orders with them,
and asked if I could leave the saw on his mill.
This I, of course, did willingly.
But, when I told that filer that both saws were
alike except that one was crowned and the other
straight, he was the most surprised man you ever
saw. He admitted it was a "New Wrinkle on
his horn."
I reported to my firm the success I had with
the crowned saw, and when the sawmaker, who
had asserted that an 11 foot gauge with 1-16
inch concave was equal to a 5 foot gauge with
1-32 inch concave, heard of it, he wrote to me,
"That is a new wrinkle on my horn, Burton."
Since then I have always been watching for
points that would improve my work and make
me more efficient and more necessary to my employer, and have added by this means not a few
"wrinkles to my own horn" of ingenuity.
I expect that there are still some who will
not agree with me upon the crown question, but
if it were not for differences of opinion, we
should not have new "wrinkles" in the columns
of the trade journals.
The argument advanced today by some saw-
makers and many filers: That the fact that all
double-cut band saws are straight on both edges,
is sufficient to demonstrate the necessity for
single-cut band saws to have straight backs;"
does not stand; for the reasons I will try to make
clear to the reader, and I hope to convince them
that I am right.
A single-cut band saw works under entirely
different conditions to a double-cut saw. First,
a single-cut saw runs on a wheel whose face is
wider than the saw, and. as the cutting edge
is always run off the wheels, the back of the
saw must, consequently, be on the wheels, and
the saw is strained up, it will be tighter on the
back than on the teeth; it is nee'essary, therefore,
meini economy
It means the saving of
many dollars to the man
who uses a considerable
amount of paint for preservation and protection.
It's the quality that does
It. We make special paints
for special uses. Let us
know wha your needs are
and we will send you full
information about the paint
you want to use. 6
The Paraffine Paint Co.
24 Second St., San Francisco
Lot Angelei, rortlena, Seattle, Denver
HENRY  DARLING
Agent for Western British Columbia
and Vancouver Island
18 Powell St.
Vancouver, B. C.
The Gurney Standard Metal Co.
AGENT*
CALGARY, ALBERTA
to crown the back of the single-cut to overcome this. Second, a double-cut saw is always
wider than the wheels, therefore it is ntecessary
that it should be straight on both edges in order
that it be strained evenly on both edges when
on the mill.
There is another point upon which I wish to
touch, that is the cause of considerable trouble
to many a good filer. How often we hear of
a filer who has had good results with big mills,
getting into trouble with his saws going back
on the wheel, and being "up against it." All
the levelling, tensioning, back or hook he can
get into his saw will not put the matter right,
the saw will go back in the cut, and forward
out of the cut. Now, I believe that nine cases
out of ten the following are the causes of this
trouble. From some cause or other one of the
upright trunnions has been tightened up so that
it sticks and will not work up and down freely;
if so, when the saw enters the cut, the weights
do not take up the slack, and the saw will go
back and come forward as it feels like it. This
trouble generally occurs with those mills which
have a separate weight or straining device to
strain each end of the top shaft. The method
is as near a failure as anything I know of; but
it is mostly used on resaw band mills.
I willingly admit that I have to thank others
for a great deal of my present ability, even in
the short time I have been in British Columbia.
I have picked up many very useful points from
my visits to filers in the mills. Without having
gathered these, and adopting them in my work,
I should have continued to be just the ordinary
filer working in one groove.
Gage of Circular Log Saws.
Which is the proper gage to order the new saw
or saws? This is a question which seems to be
just as far from a universally satisfactory solution as ever it was. It is a question which is
ever confronting us, either directly or indirectly,
and becomes more and more important as the
timber supply diminishes or the price of timber
/ 9.9!
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
;
goes up. If we are to accept all the theory, memorize all the fine phrases and find a solution for
all the technicalities which are offered from time
to time, and which are constantly arising, it will
not be long that we will hold the mastery over
the saw.
I will confine myself, for the present at any
rate, to the circular saw, as I think this useful
but much-abused tool is being neglected in your
columns and the precedence given to the unruly
band. I speak of the band as being unruly because it has refused to go according to the rule
laid down by the order of the fraternity, and has
even carried it to the point where irregularity
in the setting, as well as in the length of the
teeth, has presented itself as one of the greatest
achievements, and next akin to the wabbling
emery wheel.
I well remember a fourth-rate mill where I was
engaged as a sawyer in my earlier days. In those
days, and especially in this class of mills, they
did not have saws hung all round the wall of the
filing room—in this particular case there was no
filing room, and we were confined to one saw,
and that a "balky" one. When I was hired the
anager told me the trouble they had previously
d with the saw, and said if I could not make it
he would not waste any more time with it,
t would get a new saw, as he had a large stock
logs and would have to run night and day to
them out, without losing any time with the
He would not, however, put on the night
until I had either succeeded or failed in
g the saw go. This was at the beginning
season. I took my saw, which was as stiff
ard, and opened it up and carefully bevel-
ng special pains to leave no lumps in
en I was finished the center would drop
with its own weight when standing at
degrees, and would do the same either
e next thing I did—it was a solid-tooth
to take all the irregularity out of the
is was quite a change to make all at
but I finally got my saw perfectly round
tooth swaged out full, with    a    nicely
shaped corner. I then put the saw on the arbor
and proceeded to make a thorough inspection of
the arbor, the carriage and the rack. This done,
I was ready for logs. When I had been running
about four days the manager, whose place of
business was sixteen miles from the mill, drove
up with a compatriot of his, and they came into
the mill. They stood for perhaps half an hour
and watched me slice up the logs. 1 could see
them cast an occasional glance from one to the
other, and finally the manager came over to me
and wanted to know what I had done to it anyway. He went away that night, after leaving me
the assurance that he was satisfied with things
as he had found them, and I heard no more about
the night crew until we had finished the last log
in the fall of the year; then he told me that I had
turned out more lumber, and of a much better
quality than the two crews had turned out the
previous year. I run that saw two years after
and it never balked once.
But to return to the thickness of the saw. We
find the inserted-tooth saw has in many places
come into general use, and this necessitates the
use of a heavier-gage saw than would be required if it were solid, for the reason that a thin
blade will not hold the bits as well as the thicker
blade. Of course, the inserted-tooth saw has
these two points in its favor: It does not require
as much labor to keep it up, and it does not wear
down as does the solid one. On the other hand,
those of us who have used this useful tool know
there is a limit to its usefulness, just as there is
to most other things. We know how very necessary it is when ordering a saw to get it just a
little heavier than is absolutely necessary at the
first, for if we order just the gage we require,
we find that after it has run a while it does not
hold the bits as well as it did at first. This may
result from several causes: The shanks may have
become strained, or proper care may not have
been taken in changing the bits to see that the
circle was oiled each time a change was made;
but if our saw has been run for a period of a
year or two, we will find, by applying the gage
to the rim, or anywhere from the gullet to the
point of the teeth, that it has reduced in thickness from one to two gages, and that while we
were careful to order a saw just thick enough,
we now have a saw too thin to do the work.   We
have the steel in the body of the saw, 'tis true,
but we must also have it at the rim if wc would
hold the tooth in place for heavy duty.    For this
reason  we find the  saw in general use to be a
5 and o or a 6 and 7, though in some cases as heavy
as 4 and 5.    We find the    bit    commonly    used
about a  11/32, and  too often these are inserted
without any thought as to regularity, the result
being that one tooth is out a little this way and
another is out that way, with the result that the
saw is not even running on a u/32-inch kerf, but
is actually taking out 13/32-inch every cut. There
may not be enough teeth set irregularly to make
a clean cut as wide as stated, but the lumber has
to be cut thick enough so that all    the    scores
made by these crooked teeth will dress out. Now
take 40,000 feet  for  a  day's  work,  and, roughly
speaking, if we use a Q-gage saw, or even an 8,
and       run       on        a        1/4-inch        kerf,       we
are      going       to        effect       a        saving       of
3,500  feet  of  lumber   each   day,   which  with   the
13/32-inch kerf would go out in sawdust.    I believe   this   difference   would   be   sufficient   to  pay
the extra labor to keep up the solid saw and leave
a nice margin.   I admit the solid saw wears away,
and in time gets too small and has to be replaced,
but while the solid saw is being worn out,   how
much money would be required to keep the inserted saw in bits and shanks, and    how   much
lumber would be wasted if better than 11 per cent
was thus needlessly thrown away, and when the
other is worn out what is the inserted saw worth?
All the above difficulties are overcome by the
advent of the band, but there are many mills that
do not have the band, and for the sake of these
we must study economy in the use of such saws
as we have in hand.    If the teeth arc    carefully
side-dressed so that each comes out to the gage
and no farther, and the saw is properly levelled
and perfectly round, it is bound to make smooth
WASHINGTON
ing
ngines
Embody the latest improvements suggested by practical loggers.    They are
strongest and most durable, requiring least attention and fewest repairs.
BUILT IN ALL SIZES, SINGLE, DOUBLE and TRIPLE DRUMS
Patent steam friction, Turner's patents, and our new lock lever friction devices. Over 750 Engines now in use in Washington, Oregon, California, British Columbia, Alaska, Nicaragua and the
Philippines.     Write us your  requirements and we will send complete specifications and prices.
Washington Iron Works Co.
SEATTLE,  WASH. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
23
lumber and will run in a reasonably close kerf
without undue friction; but if the saw is irregularly set and filed and not properly levelled, the
cut must be widened out to allow for these irregularities, and this widening out puts an extra
strain on the blade. I have seen saws chopping
through the cut, some teeth cutting 1/4-inch wide
and others 3/8, so that there would be a ridge on
either side of the cut 1/16 inch high. The man
who had the care of such saws would probably
make the claim that he had to fit the saws for a
3/8-inch kerf, as they would not run on less, when
one-third of the teeth were in reality only cutting a 1-4-inch, and the ridges left by these teeth
would offer just as much, if not more, resistance
to the sides of the saw as it was passing as though
the teeth were all perfectly fitted to a 1/4-inch
and leaving a perfectly smooth surface .
I am not filing now, but have been there. The
filer who can successfully reduce the thickness of
his saws, and who studies closely along these
lines, is a valuable acquisition to any concern. We
are not apt to find this class of men loitering
around the streets, but on the contrary, have
sometimes got to break the rules of propriety
by fishing on our neighbors' premises, and then
they are not liable to bite on anything but a silver bait.—H. E. Newton, in the "Woodworker."
A NEW DEPARTMENT OF   THE    ALLIS-
CHALMERS CO.
Mr. James W. Lyons, who has been for many
years associated with the Allis-Chalmers Co., in
the capacity of engine salesman, has been appointed manager of the newly created power department of the Allis-Chalmers Co., with headquarters at Chicago, the appointment taking effect Monday, May 16th, 1004.
This newly created power department will control the sales of: Reciprocating Steam Engines,
Steam Turbines (entire unite including Turbo-
Generators), Condensors, Gas Engines, Pumping Engines, Blowing Engines, Hoisting Engines, Air Compressors.
Mr. Lyon's well deserved promotion will gratify his many business friends throughout the
country, for he is very well known, and it is an
evidence that the management is determined to
preserve the best traditions of the Allis Chalmers Co.
C. P. R. LAND SALES.
Winnipeg, June 1.—The C. P. R. land sales for
May was 51,552 acres for $203,993-
WINNIPEG BUILDING PERMITS.
Winnipeg, June 7.—Building permits    to    date
this year amount to $3,334,000.
JOHN J. GARTSHORE
83 Front Street, West TORONTO, ONT,
OPP.   QUEEN'S   HOTEL
RAILWAY AND TRAMWAY EQUIPMENT
New and Second-hand Rail* for Railways,
Tramways, *c.   Contractors' Supplies, Ac.
The LUMBERMEN'S SUPPLY GO.
LIMITBO
122 Wellington Street, West
TORONTO, ONT.
We sell any article that is required by
Railway Contractors or Lumbermen. No matter what it is. We ship mixed car lots ....
Mitts, Moccasins, Shoe Packs, Larrigans,
Pants, Underwear, Chain, Rope, Axes, Saws,
Axe Handles, Pork, Ham, Bacon, Lard, Butter,
Tea. We are the only House in Canada that
furnishes you complete under one roof. .   .   .
LOWEST WHOLBSALS PRICES
SPECIAL   BARGAINS   IN
SECOND-HAND   MACHINERY.
ENGINES.
1 26 x 48 Reynolds Corliss, $2,600.
1 24 x 36 Slide Valve, $1,200.
1 22 x 36 Slide Valve, $1,350.
1 22 x 24 Slide Valve, $800.
1 18 x 48 Corliss, $1,600.
1 18 x 30 Corliss, $800.
1 16 x 32 Slide Valve, $500.
1 14 x 24 Slide Valve, $300.
1 18$4 X 24 Cummer Aut, $375.
1 12 x 16 Erie City C. C. high speed automatic, $500.
1 11 x 16 Atlas Aut, $300.
1 10 x 20 Atlas Slide Valve, $250.
1 10 x 16 Atlas Slide Valve. $250.
1 10 x  20 Slide Valve. $200.
1 10 x 17 Slide Valve, $225.
1 0 x 14 Atlas Slide Valve, $160.
1 8 x 12 Centre Crank Slide Valve, $120.
2 7 xlO Slide Valves, each $70.
16x6 Upright Marine, $70.
1 4 x 4'/j  Westinghouse,  $70.
All engines are complete with band wheels, governors,
throttle valve, oil cups, sight feed lubricators.
BOILERS.
S 66 inches by 18 feet, each $450.
1 64 inches by 16 feet, $450.
1 62 inches by 14 feet, $400.
7 60 inches bv 16 feet, each $350
1 60 inches by 14 feet, $350.
3 52 inches by 14 feet, each $250.
1 48 inches by 16 feet $225.
1 48 inches by 14 feet, $200.
1 44 inches by 14 feet, $200.
1 40  inches by  14  feet,  $150.
2 36 inches by 10 feet, each $125.
1 36 inches by 8 feet, $80.
1 50 H. P. Portable, $350.
1 20 H. P. Portable, $450.
All boilers tested 150 pounds C.W.P. and guaranteed to
carry 100 pounds steam working pressure.
All the above boilers have fronts and are complete with
grates, bearing bars, ash door and frames, water columns
with steam gauges, water gauges and gauge cocks, safety
valves; no stack.
One  25-horsepower  Erie,   Economic  Return Tubular portable boiler. $225.
1 500  H. P. Atlis Condenser, $700.
J. H. KERRICK,
126 Third Av. N.,
Minneapolis, Minn.
O. H. VOGEL
ENGINEER
(A. M. Can. Soc. C. E.) OTTAWA, OANADA
Surveys, Plans, Specifications and Supervision
WATER POWER
Paper,   Pulp and Sulphite Fibre  Mills
RENTS COLLECTED
EXPERIENCED VALUATOR
W. T. FARRELL
GENERAL.   AGENT,   REAL   ESTATE   AND
INSURANCE  BROKER
Timber Lands, Firms, Business & Residential City Property
...FOR SALE...
Special Attention Given to Selling and Renting House and Store Property
Room 17, Fairfield Bldg., 433 Granville St, Vancouver.
P. O. Drawer 930
Telephone 1712
H. G. ROSS
INSURANCE ADJUSTER.
Real Estate, Mining, Insurance and loans
TIMBER AND TIMBER LIMITS
2,200 acres Dominion Government Lands, 140 million
feet of timber, $25,000.
The information to locate 500 million feet of timber, two-
thirds Cedar, only $10,000.
Saw Mill, with Crown-Granted Timber Lands, capacity
25 M feet per day ; good business ; $20,000.
622 Hastings St., West
VANCOUVER, B. C.
N. A. MCKINNON
Timber   Cruiser and Valuator.
Twenty years' experience in the woods.
References.
WANTED AND FOR SALE
Advertisments will be inserted in this department
at the rate of io cents per line for each insertion, payable in advance.
WANTED — First-Class Cedar Logs. Apply at
Mill No. 2, Hastings Shingle Main *acturing Company,
Vancouver, B. C.
LOGS WANTED.—Wanted to buy cedar, Aland spruce logs taken off Crown granted lands
Apply to J. S. Emerson, Vancouver.
WANTED.—Up-to-date filer from the East is
open for engagement; can handle either circular or band saws; prefer band saws in first-class
fast cutting mill. Address "Filer," c.o. B. C.
Lumberman.
WANTED.—Partner with $15,000 to engage in
sawmill business. Limit contains 100,000,000
cedar, about 75 miles from Vancouver, on salt
water; good water power. Also other timber
limits for sale. Address "Millman," c. o. B. C.
Lumberman, Vancouver, B. C.
POSITION WANTED—Bookkeeper in lumber
mill, 16 years' experience. Best of references.
Apply A. B. C, care B. C. Lumberman.
WANTED, POSITION—Band saw filer, single
or double cutting mill, 12 inch or 14 inch saws.
Guarantee highest results the first week or no
pay. Strictly sober, good references. Apply
Bert Hart, 853 Seymour Street, Vancouver,
B. C.
FOR SALE—Shay Logging Locomotive, about 13
tons, 4-foot gauge; Wheels and Axles for Logging
Cars, same gauge; 30 Logging Cars, Russel type,
capacity 2,000 to 3,000 feet of logs, 3-foot gauge.
Immediate delivery ; low price. John J. Gartshore,
83 Front Street West, Toronto, Ont,
FOR SALE.
Saw Mill, Planing and Lath Mill.
In one of the most favorable positions in
B. C. making over $2,000 per month profit ; price, $30,000; terms, $10,000 cash,
balance on time. Illness of owner cause
of sale.    Apply
BOX   "W,"   CARE   OF   B.   C.    LUMBERMAN
NOTICE.
Tenders for Timber Limits.
820 HOWE STREET
VANCOUVER, B. C.
SEALED TENDERS will be received by the
undersigned up to noon of Wednesday the 29th
June, 1004, from any person who may desire to
obtain a lease, under the provisions of section 42
of the "Land Act," for the purpose of cutting
timber therefrom, of a timber limit situated on
Upper Duncan River, known as Lots 6,479, 6,480,
6,481, 6,482, 6,483, 6,485, and 6,486, West Kootenay
district, containing in the aggregate 2,696 acres.
The competitor offering the highest cash bonus
will be entitled to a lease of the limits for a term
of 21 years.
Each tender must be accompanied by a certified
cheque, made payable to the undersigned, to cover the amount of the first year's rental ($409.40),
and the amount of bonus tendered, and also a certified cheque for $3,300.00, being the cost of
cruising and surveying the limits. The cheques
will be at once returned to unsuccessful competitors.
W. S. GORE,
Deputy Commissioner of Lands and Works.
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, B. C, 2nd June, 1904. ' i
i I:
1,
11!
I <i
»
$
24
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
.xxxxxxjxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
•     Legal     #
ixxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx*
THE EXPORT OF LOGS.
The question of the legality of the Provincial Order in Council last year, prohibiting, under
certain conditions, the export of cedar logs to
the United States, is being called into question
in the trial of the suit of Whatcom Falls Mill
Co. vs. W. H. Higgins.
The action was originally brought to recover
$1,200 from the defendant, alleged to have been
advanced at different times by the company, and
is before Mr. Justice Duff. An agreement was
made between the parties by which it was provided that Higgins was to supply logs to the
company. The contract contained a provision
that should the Provincial Government prohibit
the export of logs to the United States, which
was threatened at the time the agreement was
made, then the contract should cease. The
mount mentioned is admitted to have been ad-
anced, but no logs were delivered before the
rder in Council went into effect.
The learned judge pointed out, during the
urse of the trial, that the Provincial Government
no power at all to "prohibit export," accord-
to the terms of the provision of the contract.
A. D. Taylor, for the plaintiff, explained that
was understood was the threatened enforce-
of a provision of special licenses to cut
, which would amount to a prohibition to
timber.
owser, for the defense, is relying on what
n as the Coronation Case, where it was
n steamers were hired for a certain oc-
d part of the charter-money was paid,
no right to the other party to recover
ly, when the event for which the steam-
fchartered failed to come off.
ond feature of the trial is the counter-
Sde by Higgins of some $17,000. Part of
nt, he alleges, accrues to him in dam-
ccount of the ailure of the company to
logs. He clai.ns a profit of several dol-
thousand on two million feet of lumber,
relation to this that the question of the
Eon to export is brought forward. There
fnce to the effect that all the parties feared
fellation of the timber licenses in the event
I being exported, so that none were sent
atcom. Mr. Bowser contends that it was
gh no fault of his client if the company
did not take the logs or insist on getting them,
irrespective of any view which the department
might take of the matter. Judgment had not
been given by Mr. Justice Duff at the time we go
to press.
TIMBER IN THE RAILWAY BELT.
An important case has just been concluded in
the Supreme Court at New Westminster before
Mr. Justice Duff, whose judgment is now awaited
by the parties interested. This is the case of Mc-
Crimmon vs. Smith. McCrimmon bought a piece
of land in Abbotsford a number of years ago
within the railway belt. At that time the timber
in the belt was reserved by the Dominion government. In 1893 McCrimmon mortgaged the
property, which was well timbered, and in 1899
the government issued a regulation handing the
timber over to the settlers. Mr. McCrimmon
was then owner of the timber and he arranged
with Messrs. Smith, Johnston and Cook, of a
local sawmill to let them cut and carry off the
timber, which they proceeded to do.
Later McCrimmon got in arrears with his
taxes and the land was sold at a tax sale. The
sawmill people then arranged with the new owner also. Later the tax deed was set aside but
the sawmill men were still protected by their
agreement with McCrimmon.
Then Messrs. B. and J. Felly, trustees for the
mortgagees, stepped in and foreclosed, subsequently bringing an action against Messrs. Smith,
Johnston   and   Cook   for   recovery   of   the   value
of the timber they had taken and for damages
for trespass.
Mr. I). G. Macdonell. for the milimen, contends
that as the timber did not belong to McCrimmon
when he gave the mortgage, and he could not
mortgage what he did not own, the mortgagee
has no claim on the mill men. Messrs. Brown
and Howey, on the other hand, contend for the
•mortgagee that the timber subsequently became
part of the realty. This fine point and also the
other, as to whether, in any case, a man may or
may not dispose of the timber on mortgaged real
estate, will be decided by Justice Duff, and his
decision will be of great interest to settlers all
over the  Province.
It is expected that judgment in the above cases
will be handed down about the end of this month,
Justice Duff being presently'engaged in the sitting of the full court at Victoria.
RETAIL LUMBER YARDS ILLEGAL.
San Francisco, June 6.—The circuit court of appeals handed down a decision today in the suit
brought by Arthur S. Ellis against Inman Paulson & Co.. and others, doing business under the
name of the City Retail Lumber Company at
Vancouver, Wash. The defendants had formed a
combination to control the output of lumber
from Washington and Oregon and to fix the
price of the product. The plaintiff bought from
another manufacturer, and then when he sent
an order to members of the City Retail Lumber
company he was requested to pay a fine of $250
in addition to the market price of the lumber,
and to give his promise that in the future he
would not purchase lumber from any firm outside of the combination. This the plaintiff refused to do, and he brought action for damages
against the members of the City Retail Lumber
Company.
The circuit court decided that the plaintiff had
not sufficient ground for action, but upon appeal
the higher court ruled today that the combination was an illegal one, formed in restraint of
trade, and ordered the case remanded for a new-
trial.
The court based its opinion on the decision of
the supreme court in the Northern Securities
Case.
OBITUARY.
Mrs. Mary Lund, wife of Mr. Peter Lund,
manager of the Crow's Nest Lumber Co., Wardner, B. C, died at St. Eugene hospital, on the
13th ult.
Mr. Robert Black, manager of the McRae Lumber company of Hosraer, East Kootenay, died
at Tacoma, Wash., after a lingering illness of
several weeks, at the age of 20 years. Deceased
was the second son of Alex. Black of Winnipeg
and had been a resident of Fernie for nearly a
year.
Mr. J. M. K. LetSOn died at his home in Vancouver on the 3rd inst., at the age of 40 years.
Mr. Letson was the founder of the engineering
firm of Letson & Burpee of Vancouver, B. C. and
Fairhaven, Wash.
Mr. John Genetic, one of the best known lumbermen of the Kootenay district of B. C, and connected with the Yale-Columbia Lumber Comjnny.
met death by drowning on the 6th inst. Deceased
was in charge of the company's tug, "Yale," tow-
a boom of logs to the yards at Nakusp on the
Arrow Lake. lie retired at the usual time after
supper to his sleeping apartment on the tug and
it is supposed he got up during the night and in
the darkness missed his footing and fell over
board onto some logs on which the body was
found the next morning fact downwards ;t about
two feet of water. It is supposed he was rendered unconscious by striking on the log* and
fell into the water and was drowned. Th.; deceased was only 38 years of age, and leaves a widow  and   four  children.
{XXXXXXXXIXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXIXXXXIXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
•     Patents     #
rxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxnxxxxxxxxxitxxxxf
TWO PATENTED BOOMS.
C. O. 1'. Olts, of Vancouver, is the inventor of
an improved boom which has been assigned outright to the Eureka Boom Co., of the same city.
This boom is designed for the conveyance of
shingle bolts or light, timber through open water,
where with an ordinary boom the bolts are liable
to be washed over the sticks, or crowded to one
side and forced under. The improvement consists simply in surrounding the boom proper with
an outer series of sticks maintained at the required distance from the sticks of the boom by
distance pieces opposite each swifter. The effect of this construction is not only to act as a
breakwater protecting the boom in a rough sea,
but also serves as a barrier to retain the bolts
which may be washed over out of the boom
proper.
J. G. Elderkin, of Fox River, Nova Scotia, has
invented a new method of rafting timber. The
invention relates to rafts constructed of logs,
piling, spars, poles, or other lumber and designed
for towing, particularly sea-going rafts, which
are required to withstand heavy strains, though
also pertaining to those constructed for transportation  in  inland  waters.
The body of the raft, according to the claim
of the inventor, is made up of separate independent
sections that extend longitudinally of said body
and are superposed one upon the other. Each
section is composed of timbers arranged end to
end and having their joints disposed in staggered
relation and therefore thoroughly broken. The
sections extend from side to side of the raft,
and each is fastened by separate binding cables,
surrounding the same. Thus it will be apparent
that each section is independent of the others,
and should the Upper one be removed, the remainder will be intact. The several sections are
also fastened together by raft-binder cables,
which surround all the sections, and thus secure
the body of the raft together as a whole. In the
preferred form the body of the raft, as well as
the sections, is substantially rectangular in cross-
section, and to maintain this form, as well as to
more thoroughly strengthen the structure, tie-
cables pass vertically through the same. The
lower ends of the cables are fastened to the lower
transverse stretches of the raft-binder cables, and
said cables pass vertically through the body of
the raft. Their upper ends are fastened to stems,
upon which are screwed tension devices in the
form of nuts, having suitable handles. The tie-
cables are fastened to the lower stretches of the
lowest section-binder cables, and these tie-cables
also pass vertically through the body of the raft,
being connected to similar tension devices.
Wherever the cables cross devices connect the
same, these devices being so arranged that they
will permit the relative movements of the cables.
Extending centrally through the raft is a draft-
cable, fastened at its ends to cap-plates that are
arranged at the ends of the raft, said cap-plates
being provided with suitable eyes, to which the
tow-line may be attached. The raft may be constructed in any manner desired.
A NOVEL METHOD.
General Manager Henderson, of the Canadian
Timber & Sawmill Co., purchased the big centrifugal pump used by the defunct placer company operating at Second Crossing. It is his
intention to use the pump t<> sluice off the debris
from the mill which would ordinarily take two
or   three   dump-carts.    —Trout   Lake   Topic.
FIRE AT RAT PORTAGE.
The Rat Portage Lumber Company's planing
mill at Rat Portage was totally destroyed by fire
on the 16th inst. The loss, including olher buildings, is estimated at considerably over $100,000.
L BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
VANCOUVER ENGINEERING WORKS, Ltd
ENGINEERS
**».<• jv.«mts for British Columbia
for
"Atlas Engine Works"
Makers of Engines for Every Duty
Saw Mill and High Speed Engines Carried in Stock
Works: Heatley Avenue
VANCOUVER, B. C,
Timber Limits For Sale.
We have licensed land along the coast close to salt
water carrying Fir and Cedar.
We have leased land running for 21 years, from
May, 1902. Rental, Ten Cents per acre, carrying Cedar, Fir
and Spruce.   Also Crown Granted Lands.
The above are amongst the best buys in the Province.
Limits estimated by competent cruisers.
MACKINNON, FERGUSON & CO.,
421 GRANVILLE ST.
VANCOUVER, B. O.
ffLBM 1' s
i «
j**
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
'M
BELTING ™ BELTING
i
SPECIAL   QUALITY    FOR
Planers and Shingle Machines
SEE  OUR  STOCK  AND   BE  CONVINCED	
PRICES  AND  SAMPLES   UPON   APPLICATION
FULL STOCK OF N|AGHINERY ALWAYS ON ((AND
THE FAIRBANKS COMPANY
[fice and Store, 153 Hastings St.   VANCOUVER, B. C.   Machinery Warehouse, Powell St.
*♦♦♦♦*
THE
Canadian Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd.
PORT MOODY, B. C.
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in All Kinds of
B. C. LUMBER, LATH, MOULDINGS, Etc
Ihe Largest Shed and Dry Kiln Capacity of any Mill In British Columbia.
Special Attention Given to Orders
from Manitoba and the Territories
Address the Company at Port Moody, or
BYRNES ft CUDDY, Selling Agents, WINNIPEG
LONG DISTANCE TELEPHONE CONNECTION

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