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British Columbia Lumberman Mar 30, 1904

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 Britisb Columbia lumberman
PUBLISHED EVERY MONTH
/).   TODD I.KES,   ----   Business Manager
Office, Room i, Pender Block, Granville Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Telephone 1196 P. O. Drawer 928
Terms op Subscription (Payablb in Advance)
Oiks year, Canada or the United States $1 00
One year, Foreign Countries    1 50
Advertising Rates on Application
Correspondence hearing upon any phase of the lumber industry
Will be gratefully acknowledged, and discussion upon trade subjects
in invited.
To oik Advertisers.—The British Columbia Lumberman
has a guaranteed circulation of -.000 copies. It will be found in
every mill, lumber manufactory, logging camp, etc., in the Province
awl Puget Sound, besides all dealers in lumber in the Northwest and
Canada generally. To lumber manufacturers, lumber dealers and
machinery makers no better medium has ever been offered in the
Went.
iUT" "Persons corresponding with, advertisers in I he 'liritish
Columbia Lumberman will confet a favoi by giving the journal
citdit foi such conespondence.
VANCOUVER, B. C,  MARCH,  1904,
TO THE MILL MEN.
The lumber industry of British Columbia has
lor very many years been looked upon as the
most important and valuable asset of U13 Pn tr-
Ince. Yet how little statistical information tan
be obtained upon the subject other thau that of
the revenue received therefrom by the Provincial Treasury. The general public has little
or no idea of the enormous importance of what
the industry means to the Province, of the money put in circulation, of the labor employe 1, or
of the factor which the business plavs in the
welfare of the community.
Ono of the objects of the "British Co'amiva
Lumberman" is and will be to disseminata such
Information in the interests of the trade, as well
as for the purpose of educating the people of the
country to what the lumbering industry commercially represents. The "British Columbia Lumberman" is freely circulated throughout the
Dominion and its subscribers represent all phases
of business and the general public. It is by no
means confined to those directly interested in
the business.
The effort on our part to obtain statistical information from time to time is made in the in
terest of the business generally, and it is sincerely to be hoped that those engaged in the
►business will aid us by giving us their hearty cooperation.    Circular letters have been addressed
to all the mills of the Province seeking regular
information, the ready response to which will
enable us to compile the figures we desire to
bring out, and it is to be hoped that the mill
owners and operators will regularly respond to
these circular letters, especially when we take
this opportunity of stating that their communications will be treated with strict privacy. We
have no intention to pry into the details of individual business, but in our compilation we intend to use the figures or statistics supplied as a
total, and all information intrusted to us individually will not go beyond the four walls of our
sanctum. With this assurance it is expected
that as "pro bono publico" we shall obtain the
cordial support of the lumbermen.
PROTECTION INDEED.
A recent Sound exchange gives prominence to
a circular bearing date of February 27th, from
Washington, D. C, purporting to levy an additional tax of $5.50 per 1,000 feet upon all cedar
and fir rough lumber imported into the States
from British Columbia. Presumably,, if there is
any truth in the report, the action is taken in retaliation for the recently enacted law creating a
tax upon logs exported from British Columbia.
Application to the American consular office at
Vancouver fails to find confirmation to the circular referred to.
We are informed by a prominent lumberman
that it is the intention of the American Government to impose an additional tax upon B. C.
shingles. The imposition of the tax is done under
the Dingley Tariff Act by which the Treasury
may impose any extra duty upon raw or manufactured goods imported from a foreign country,
where such country makes or demands an export
tax upon such products, without obtaining the direct sanction of Congress or special legislation.
Our informant advises us that the circular referred
to has been issued, and the new law is in full
force.
The West Coast and Puget Sound Lumberman
speaking editorially on the subject of the recent
order from Washington in connection with the increase of duty on logs and lumber imported from
British Columbia says:
"There is a state of war existing between the
United States and British Columbia. The Provincial Government put a tax on logs exported from
British Columbia, and now comes the United
States and throws a lyddite shell into the zone of
contention. An order has recently been promulgated instructing customs officers to collect five
dollars and fifty cents a thousand on rough lumber
and seven dollars and fifty cents on finished stock.
This is* done under an act of Congress which imposes a duty on lumber products of any country
that imposes an export duty on logs, bolts, boom
sticks, etc., that come into the Uaited States. Re
cently a tax of five dollars and fifty cents was levied on British Columbia logs for exportation. As
there was no lumber coming to the United States
from British Columbia under the regular tariff
the order will have no effect save to show the
world that Uncle Sam is fearless. No one need
be uneasy because the British Government is
strengthening its fort at Esquimalt, B. C, or because the American battleship Tacoma is soon
to arrive on Puget Sound. Fairness, however, compels the statement that up to the present writing
British Columbia is little ahead—diplomatically
speaking. In the meantime, however, lumber from
the United States is going across the line in pretty
long trains.
The Canadian Lumberman, in its report of the
progress of the industry for 1903, states that the
volume of business w(as of large proportions, and
while the exports to European countries fell off
slightly, this was probably due to the enlarged
home consumption, and increased shipments to
the United States., of which no complete returns
are available. The record of the white pine trade
is very gratifying, and as each year goes by the
conviction becomes more thoroughly grounded
that there is no better asset in Canada than white
pine timber.
Of the lumber requirements British Columbia furnished a greater percentage than in any previous year. There was a good local demand, heavy
shipments were made to the Canadian Northwest,
and exports to foreign countries were on an enlarged scale. In the latter connection the marked
expansion of business with South Africa is a
reason for congratulation, ,as showing that Canadians are gaining a foothold in that market.
The Georgian Bay district shows an increase
in proportion of about 10 per cent, over that of
1902, while the Ottawa Valley shows a decrease of
about 8 per cent., attributable, it is stated, to the
increasing distance of the log supplies to the
mills.
A WALL AROUND LUMBER.
•
For absolute peurility the remarks of the Winnipeg Commercial of February 20, on the lumber
situation are to be commended. The paper should
change its name and call itself the "Winnipeg Political." Anything old thing goes in politics, while
the crude ideas of the paper have no claim what
ever to ranking it as a "Commercial" journal. To
begin with, the paper is a rabid free-trader, where
Manitoba and the prairie country is concerned.
Because the lumber manufacturers desire a
tariff on lumber from the United States equal to
that imposed on lumber exported there from this
country the Winnipeg paper says the lumbermen
want a tariff wall built around the industry. Turning to railway freight rates, the Winnipeg paper
for some reason which is not apparent on the surface, but can be surmised, adroitly turns the truth I
.
■
• ■i
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
Hllis-Chalmers Company
The Edward P. Allis Co.,
MILWAUKEE, WIS.
SUCCESSOR   TO
Fraser & Chalmers Co.,
CHICAGO, ILL.
Gates Iron Works,
CHICAGO. ILL.
Dickson  Mfg Co,
SCRANTON, PA.
MODERN PACIFIC COAST
..Saw Mill Machinery..
PACIFIC COAST
Edgers, Trimmers,        Slashers,
Live Rolls, Transfers,
Transmission Machinery,
Steam Swing and Jump Saws,
Reynolds' Corliss Engines,
Power Set Works,
Carriages,       Log Jacks,       Canters,
Log Loaders,       Log Kickers,
Simonson Log Turners,
Steam Feeds.
#
PLANS AND ESTIMATES MADE FOR UP-TO-DATE MILLS.
Seattle Office :        505 Lumber Exchange Building.
H. S. MITCHELL, Manager
BRANCH OFFICES
NEW YORK, Empire Building
BOSTON, Board of Trade Building
PITTSBURG, Frick Building
MINNEAPOLIS, Corn Exchange Bldg.
DENVER, 1649 Tremont St.
SALT LAKE CITY, 209 S.W. Temple
SPOKANE, Washington
GENERAL OFFICE
CHICAGO, ILL., U. S. A.
BRANCH OFFICES
SAN FRANCISCO, Hayward Bldg.
SEATTLE. Lumber Exchange Bldg.
CHARLOTTE, N. C, Trust Bldg.
NEW ORLEANS, Hennen Bldg.
ATLANTA, GA., Equitable Bldg.
BUTTE, MONT., 51 E. Broadway BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
topsy-turvy and gets away from the necessity of
discussing that important subject as it bears upon
tho lumber traffic. It says with reference to the
requests for the reduction of freights, "These railway manager-, during the last twenty years have
been bothered with many a demand for reduced
freight, rates, some reasonable, and many unreasonable."
Presumably the "reasonable" demands have
been when the Manitobans desired reduced rates
on grain carriage, and that is a grievance which
ha.s not yet been satisfied in the Prairie Prov»
ince. Apparently if the farmers want grain freight
rates reduced that is "reasonable," but if the lumbermen want a reduction, bowever slight, in lumber freights, that may be classed as "unreasonable" demands. And from the remarks of the
"Commercial" that is a fair conclusion to draw
as to that paper's opinion.
The fact that the freight rates on lumber comprise nearly if not quite two-thirds of the cost of
lumber, laid down, in the Northwest and Manitoba
does not appeal to the "Commercial" for come occult reason, ulterior, possibly. But it may be that
the paper, which shows such dense ignorance of
the commonest details in the matter it presumes
to discuss, does not know that the high price of
lumber in Manitoba is largely made up of freight
rates. The lumber is cheap enough by comparison
when it leaves British Columbia.
When it is considered that the lumbermen
showed the fairness of their position by asking
from the railway company but a five per cent, reduction in freight rates, offering a cut of $1.00 per
thousand on their price list, as well, there should
be no further question of the very fair attitude of
the lumbermen. High as the freight tariff is, they
did not demand a sweeping reduction.
The most misleading statement, bar one, in the
article, in which the "Commercial" pretends to
deal with this lumber question, and in doing so reveals its pitiful ignorance, is that asserting that
the lumbermen proposed to the C. P. R. to raise
the freight tariff on lumber from the United States
to drive out competition. The fact is as above related. The lumbermen asked that the railway
reduce their freight tariff two cents per 100 pounds
and in turn, they offered to reduce, and as a matter of fact, have reduced their price list $1 per
thousand, a reduction equal to that asked from
the C. P. R. That was not so much to shut out
the United States competition as to bring them up
to a fair basis of competition in the natural market of the British Columbia lumber trade. Competition in railway rates and the United States tariff on lumber has for years placed the lumber manufacturers of the other side of the line on a better footing right in our home market than the
lumbermen of British Columbia can get in seeking a market on the other side of the line.
The possibility of getting lumber from the United States has always been open to the consumers
of Manitoba and the Northwest. It is no new
thing. It has not sprung up suddenly. There is
not a single change in the conditions which have
existed for years. There is only one way in which
the people of Manitoba and the Northwest get
any benefit right now from the privilege of buying
in the United States lumber market, that is, because there are points in Manitoba reached by a
competitive railway, with connections in the United States. That is not a new condition by any
means. There have been two railway lines for
years, and a certain percentage of lumber has
been brought in for years, most of it from the
pine regions of Northern Minnesota.
The reason there has been more United States
lumber taken into the Northwest recently is, as
The Lumberman has pointed out in a former is
sue, the lumber trade on the other side of the line
Is in a bad way at the present time from overcut-
ting and underselling.    There have been larger
stocks accumulated than can be consumed in their
own home market, from which British Columbia
lumbers manufacturers are excluded. Naturally
those United States lumber manufacturers are
averse to making a dumping ground of their own
market, which is theirs exclusively by reason of
better freight rates and the protective tariff on
lumber entering the States. So the consumers of
the Canadian Northwest have been reaping a temporary benefit from being the dumping ground for
the lumber surplus. Instead of being thankful for
unexpected bounties, which happened to be just
what they required, these Manitobans, who want
the tariff regulated to suit them, and freight rates
also, use their temporary cheap lumber supply as
a text for attack upon the lumber industry of this
Province.
The "Commercial" is perhaps more rabid and
unreasonable because of the very ignorance of the
whole situation, which it betrays, but it should not
be allowed to go uncriticized. Possibly, too, it
may be amenable to due contrition for its senseless attack upon an industry which is as important to this Province and thereby to the Dominion
as a whole, as the grain-growing industry of Manitoba. It might make some difference to the
"Commercial" if it would spend some time and effort in calling on the flour millers of Manitoba
and learning how much Manitoba flour is consumed in British Columbia every year and it would al
so surprise those wheat-growers to know that the
consumer now pays $1.50 the fifty pound sack for
that flour and cannot kick. The farmers of Manitoba must get the benefit of that. The "Commercial," if it would live up to its name, must get on
a broader plane. First, get posted, learn something
of the matters it presumes to deal with and lastly, in dealing with them, do so from the broad
ground of mutual benefit. If the lumber business
in this Province is not flourishing the purchases
of produce grown in the Northwest will be corre*
spondingly less, and if the farmers are not prosperous, those in British Columbia, and they are
many, dependent on the lumber industry will feel
it, in reduced demand for lumber.
There is one last reference which should be
made to the "Commercial's" article. That is the
question of "stumpage." Evidently the writer of
the article has not the faintest conception of
what he is presuming to deal with. Speaking of
the "fixed outlay," he says; "With them that item
includes the stumpage charge no matter how rascally heavy that charge may be, and how many
political stool pigeons, prospector adventurers
and speculative sharks have had their rake-off before the stumpage fixed outlay is reached." It
will surprise the "Commercial" to learn that the
"stumpage" is fixed by act of the Legislature and
is collected by the Government.
THE  PRESS VS. THE  LUMBERMEN.
The press of the Province, ever anxious to
make "scoops," seems to have made of the lumber industry one of the butts for their sensational stories, and in this way have done much
towards prejudicing public opinion against this
most important industry of the Province. Even
our local newspapers have spread around the impression that those engaged in the lumber business were reaping untold fortunes from the products of the forest, and that the people were simply getting "done" by the "lumber combine."
Again, much evil has been done which it will be
hard to eradicate, by the statements which have
often been made that the only reason for the agitation among lumbermen for the imposition of a
protective duty upon American lumber imported
into Canada, is for the sole purpose of increasing the price by shutting out competition, and
thereby adding a greater revenue to their already
fat purses.
The statement has repeatedly been made that
American manufacturers can build and operate
mills in British Columbia, send their rough lumber to the Sound for manufacture, ship the manufactured article back to this market in competition with British Columbia manufacturers, paying duty, and still make a profit.
It would take but little inquiry to prove the
fallacy of such assertions, yet too many people,
who ought to know better, believe statements
like these and join their voices in the general declamation of the lumbering interests.
The following interesting interview taken from
a Sound exchange, purporting to have been given
by a "prominent C. P. R. official, who requested
his name to be withheld," Is an illustration of
how prejudiced men can pervert public opinion
from the existing condition of affairs:
"The real cause of the plight of the lumber
business in British Columbia is directly traceable to the manufacturers themselves," said a
prominent railway official of Vancouver, B. C,
"They wanted too much. They formed an association, placed representatives in Winnipeg and
sold their product at a higher price than the market vfalue. When asked by officials of the Canadian Pacific to reduce the figure they responded by
raising it. Along the line of that railway the country is being rapidly settled. Houses are wanted,
but the emigrants are not wealthy. They wanted
lumber to build houses but they were asked to
pay an unreasonable price for it. The Canadian
Pacific was largely responsible for the settlers being there. They had settled on lands belonging
to the Canadian Pacific. It is no more than natural that the railway should want to protect and
assist them. Lower lumber prices were necessary and the road set out to procure them. The
dealers were asked to set <a lower figure but they
absolutely refused to do so. It was then the Canadian Pacific made its threat to build mills.
There is nothing in the road's charter from the
Government to prevent it from doing so, and it
will erect the mills unless the lumbermen desist
from their efforts to extort an unreasonable price
from  Canadian settlers. ,
"These milimen complain of the invasion of
their market by the American manufacturer. The
reason why such an invasion is possible is plain.
Let the Canadian dealer cease to 'play the hog'
and the most of his troubles will vanish. The
Canadian Pacific doesn't want to build mills, but
it will have cheap lumber for its settlers if it has
to resort to unusual methods to get it."
An enterprising Vancouver correspondent of
the Seattle Daily Times gives the readers of that
paper some startling information regarding the
condition of the lumber industry here.
"American lumberman believing that the British Columbia mills have practically lost the lumber trade of the Northwest Territories and Manitoba, in competition with the State of Washington, are casting about with a view of manufacturing in Vancouver for the Northwest market.
"The erection of a mill here to supply the
Northwest with lumber would mean that such a
mill would be outside the British Columbia Lumber and Shingle Manufacturers' Association and
would therefore not be bound by its actions.
"A Port Blakeley mill, not in the Washington
State Mill Combine, has also had an agent in
Vancouver, looking for a site suitable for a lumber yard. It is thought practicable to bring the
lumber from Port Blakeley to Vancouver by water, and store it here for future delivery to the
Northwest market.
"The advantage would lie in the fact that the
transportation rates in effect from Vancouver to
the Northwest are cheaper than those in effect
from Sumas."
To our local contemporaries we would particularly suggest that it should be their aim to foster the industries of the Province, and the lumber industry being one of the most valuable, too
great care cannot be exercised in the information
conveyed to the public through their columns.
The impression to be gathered from such a
headline as . "Government Mills—Ministers as
Manufacturers," is by no means a desirable one,
more especially when our confrere is perfectly
well aware that the Government or its Ministers
has    any    such    intention     in    contemplation. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
I!
ii i
Comments such as the following   by   no   means
raise the industry in the eyes of the public:
"As there seems to be no disposition on the
part of the delinquent mills to pay up, there is
every indication that the Government will go into the mill business upon a pretty large scale.
The amount outstanding from this source is said
to be very large, the delinquent mill companies
being treated very leniently by past Governments."
It seems to be the policy of the "Vancouver
Daily Province" to do its utmost to drive the
lumber trade away from the mills of this city,
judging from the aggressive attitude it has recently pursued towards one of the most important
industries in this city and Province. Several columns of its space have this month been devoted
to an apparent effort to show that the lumber
trade of Vancouver was dominated by a hard and
fast "combination," and that a "lumber buyer"
from Manitoba was refused a large order for lumber because that individual was not connected
with any of the three important lumber associations of the West. Close investigation has reveal
ed the fact that the gentleman in question was
endeavoring to purchase a few thousand feet for
his own private use, and upon this account the
mills interviewed refused to sell, referring him
to the nearest dealer in his section of the country. In other words, it was simply a case of the
consumer trying to buy from the wholesaler, a
practice if concurred in by the wholesaler or manufacturer would very soon ruin the business conditions of the country and particularly that of the
lumber business throughout the Northwest. No
right thinking man can blame the mill owners
for refusing the applicant in the case referred to
and if the Province thinks to gain admirers or
supporters by such sensational "stories" we are
greatly mistaken in the intelligence of its readers.
The following letter, published in a recent issue of the News-Advertiser, ably narrates the facts
in the case:
Sir,—Referring to a lengthy and sensational ar-
e in the Province newspaper of a few evenings
, about a Mr. Lawrence, from Manitoba, who
ted to a reporter of that paper that he was
xious to buy 30 or 40 carloads of lumber and
ngles, if you would allow me space I would like
state what I happen to know about the matter.
The "Province" article is entirely wrong from
inning to end, and has not even got the man's
e right. Thomas- Lawrence, a farmer of Glen-
,, Ma., Is the man who was pumping the "Prov-
e" man up with "hot air" and fairy tales, and
not the distinction of being a member of the
anitoba legislature.
He told me that he came out here for a short
time for the benefit of his wife's health, and that
before returning he might buy a carload of lumber and shingles for his own use. Mr. Lawrence
also told me that he might buy Vancouver real
estate. I have not, however, seen his name men
tioned in the record of real estate transactions,
and I suppose that his purchases of Vancouver
property were only talk like the 30 or 40 cars of
lumber and shingles he wanted to buy and pay
cash for.
The amount of lumber and shingles which the
"Province" reporter states Mr. Lawrence wanted
to buy would cost about $20,000, delivered in Manitoba. Mr. Lawrence may, of course ,have substantial backing, but a resident of Vancouver,
who is an intimate friend of Mr. Lawrence's, expressed surprise when told that he had been airily
talking about buying a "train load of lumber and
shingles."
The above facts show how much truth there is
in the sensational article in the "Province" with
the scare head lines, and I am not surprised that
Mr. Scott and other lumber manufacturers are
indignant that Vancouver papers should publish
lengthy and unreliable articles detrimental to a
manufacturing industry that gives employment to
more men and disburses more money in the city
than all the other industries put together, excepting the railway companies.    Yours, etc.,
H. H. SPICER.
Vancouver, B. C., March 9th. 1904.
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pRO.M  OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENTS,
VICTORIA OUTLOOK GOOD.
Victoria, March 12—The past month lias been
a very quiet one in the local lumber business.
Shipments have been light but at the same time
the mills and the factories have been bteadily adding to their stocks in anticipation of a lively spring
trade. Orders for future delivery continue to
be received from Territorial and Manitoba poiuts,
though most of the dealers from Calgary east to
Winnipeg report their yards full and that they
cannot handle any more stock until that at present
on hand begins to move. Of course,, there are
always more or les numerous orders for immediate delivery of special dimensions, and small lots
of special or choice lots of lumber. The reports
reaching here from Manitoba of the unusually
large cut in the Rainy River district do not disturb the confidence of our local lumbermen, as
they feel certain that however large the production of the Manitoba mills may be it will be more
than offset by the increased demand consequent
upon the influx of new settlers, traiuloads of
whom are already arriving daily at Winnipeg.
Foreign shipments for February from the mills
of the Victoria Lumbering and Manufacturing
Company, at Chemainus, were as follows:
Str. Khyber, for Freemantle, 1,665,319 feet,
value, $19,275.
Ship Admiral Tergethoff for Antofasgasta, 709,-
901 feet, value, $8,259.
Str. Longship and Bkt. James Johnson for
Shanghai, were loading on March 1.
The Russo-Jap war has had a damaging effect
upon shipments from Vancouver Island, and the
Pacific Coast generally, as the ports of Port Arthur, Dalny and Vladivostock are closed to commerce and several cargoes to those points have
been cancelled. At the same time the mill men
do not anticipate any lasting or very serious injury to their business on account of the war. They
expect that a continuation of the struggle for
supremacy in Korea and Manchuria will inevitably
result in an increased demand for lumber to replace bridges, buildings, etc., injured or destroyed in the course of hostilities. One effect of the
war has been a general advance in ocean freights
which shipping men are inclined to think are likely to go higher.
RETALIATIVE MEASURES.
As noted in last month's letter some of the
local lumber dealers have been doing considerable
business in the United States, filling orders for
certain special grades of mill stuffs, and this trade
has been gradually increasing as the excellence
of the British Columbia woods become more generally known hi* the Eastern markets. Now, however, a quietus has been given to this particular
branch of the industry through an order issued
from Washington imposing an import duty of
$7.50 per thousand on Canadian manufactured
lumber. This astounding example of retaliatory
legislation has so far escaped the notice of the
daily newspapers, but there is no doubt of its having been put in force as the writer was shown
a letter yesterday, written by the manager of a
•arge concern in the States to a local lumber
firm, cancelling a contract of considerable magnitude. This latest sample of the United States'
friendship to Canada is evidently the Republican
idea of "getting even" because British Columbia
and Ontario have had the presumption to put a
stop to the denudation of their forests by United
States citizens without any substantial benefit accruing to the people of those Provinces. Although
the imposition of this prohibitive duty will hit a
few of our local dealers pretty hard it will not
affect the lumber business of the Province generally. Those who will feel it the most keenly will
be the United States firms who were forced to
move their manufacturing plants from Michigan
to Ontario in consequence of the Provincial tax
on the exportation of logs. It will shut them out
effectually from the United States market, and no
doubt when they realize to the full its significance
they will raise a storm of protest which may move
the powers at Washington to modify or repeal the
obnoxious new clause of the United States tariff.
The Yreka Copper Company, operating the
Comstock group on Quatsino Sound, has installed
a saw mill on the property to supply the timbers,
props and general lumber for its mines. This
mill will also prove a great convenience to the
settlers, fishermen, prospectors and others in that
portion of Vancouver Island.
The Tyee Copper Company, of Mount Sicker,
has also installed a saw mill on its property, which
Will eventually pay for itself in the saving of the
heavy transportation charges in getting lumber
up to the mine.
Victoria, B. C, March 14.—The United States
consul here tells me that a tax of $5.50 per 1,000
feet lias been imposed on British Columbia
rough or manufactured lumber under section 191
of the Dingley Tariff Act, which gives the Secretary of the Treasury discretionary power to increase duty in special cases where It can be
shown that any foreign country is imposing what
might be considered an unjust tax upon material
exported from such country to the United States.
This duty now imposed is in direct retaliation to
the recently enacted amendment to the British
Columbia Land Act.
(Our correspondent has been misinformed as
tt> the exact nature of the order issued from Wash
ington. The increased duty is applicable only to
Britisli Columbia lumber, the order not in any way
affecting the industry in Ontario or other sections
of the Dominion.—ED.)
Vernon, B. C, March 3, 1904.—The lumber trade in tho valley looks particularly
bright for this time of year, and although
last year's consumption was considered good, the
prospect for this year's local trade is considerably
brighter.
As good land is in great demand in the valley
several of the large ranch owners have placed up
on the market large tracts of valuable land sur
rounding Vernon, which is being cut up into small
holdings, and this has been a long felt want in
settling the valley. Numerous parties have avail
ed themselves of this advantage, and as nearly all
contemplate building, the retail lumber business
has very bright, prospects.
The Okanagan Lumber Company, of Enderby,
have given their mill, which they purchased from
Mr. S. C. Smith, of Vernon, a thorough overhaul
ing, and intend increasing their cutting capacity
from 30 to GO M. daily, and are awaiting the arrival of their new machinery, which they expect to
have in operation some time in April or May. They
contemplate having in the neighborhood of 8,000,-
OuO feet of logs in their boom for the season's
cut, and judging from the quality of the logs they
are getting out, which are chiefly fir and white
pine, their output should find ready market in the
Territories and in the East.
The Vernon Saw, Planing and Moulding Mills
have purchased considerable clear and factory-
stock cedar from Coast firms for the manufacture
of sash and doors, etc., and as their demand has
been greater than they could supply, they have
placed an order for a Sander, Chain Mortiser, Automatic Feed Rip and Band Resaw.
The above firms have purchased from Messrs.
Young & Martin, of Armstrong, the entire cut of
their portable mill, near Otter Lake, estimated at
500,000 feet. They have also had several inquir
ies in the past few days from the Territories re
the price of lumber.
The building operations on the Lord Aberdeen
estate, situated five miles from Vernon, has been
so extensive that they have established a mill of
their own to cut sufficient lumber for their require
ments.
Messrs. Johnson & Carswell, who have several
limits on Long Lake, two miles from Vernon, havo
placed an order for a portable mill with a Winnipeg firm, which machinery they expect in the
course of a few days. They have 400,000 feet in
their boom at present, and intend getting out logs
the balance of the summer.
The Kelowna Saw Mills Company, besides sup
plying lumber to the different points OB Okanagan
Lake have gone extensively into the manufacturing of fruit boxes to supply the demand around
Kelowna.
Nelson, March 3.—Lumber and timber matters
generally have been rather quiet in the Kootenays
so far this year waiting for the spring business
to open up, when it is expected that last year's
record will be easily passed. Just at present it
is hard to say what the estimated cut will be, but
it is safe to assume that it will greatly exceed
last year's.
J. B. Henderson, of the Canadian Timber and
Sawmills Company of Trout Lake, has been busy
rushing in the final lot of machinery for the plant
and he expects by April to have the mill In running order. Mr. Henderson, who is a representative and progressive mill man, feels very strongly
on the one sided position Canadian mill men are
placed in in competition with their Yankee rivals.
"For nine months in the year," said Mr. Henderson to your correspondent last week, "the Ameri- '-:>>.
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
ALEXANDER MACLAREN, President
BUCKINGHAM, QUE.
...THE
H. DePENCIER, Manager
BARNET, B. C.
North Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd
BARNECT,   B.   C.
MANUFACTURERS OF KILN-DRIED
.A^
*
^
LUMBER
e
e<*
^
MOULDINGS,   LATH,   SHINGLES,  ETC.
■ /^'i   i""m_jii~ *_r»w*~i i~iiii_<ii;^^^»^ii^,^^^ii^^H^^'iiiii^n_^>a
Mills on Burrard Inlet and Canadian Pacific Railway
t
P.   O.   BOX   377
TELEPHONE  301
WEBSTER BROS.
Cor. Granville and Drake Streets
VANCOUVER, B. C.
..The leading Grocers..
Lumbermen's, Loggers' and Miners'
Supplies given Special and Careful Attention
/if
4 BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
.
can mill men can run their plants 10 hours a day
and find a ready market for all their output in
their own country, where their tariff amply pro
tects them. They can then keep all their staff
and employees together and run on for the balance of the year and send their product over here
easily underselling us in our own market for the
time being. We can not invade their territory
but for a portion of the year they can use Canada
as a slaughter market very profitably and to our
great detriment. I am naturally a free trader,
but under existing circumstances 1 would like at
least to see fair trade arrangements in force here
in our lumber business, and at present we certainly don't get a fair show. I do not expect that as
a result of the Western men's deputation to Ottawa that we will be put on an equal footing with
our American rivals at this coming session of parliament, but justice cannot Ions be denied us.
Practically we Western men are obliged to bin-
American machinery and have to pay a duty of
25 per cent for all we purchase. We have in addition to pay higher wages all round, and all our
supplies cost us more than they do our business
rivals in the States. As matters stand now we
cannot keep our plants running the year round,
and for a time we are obliged to let our skilled
staff of men go off, and every mill men knows well
what a loss that means in a year's business, to
say nothing of the worry in getting a new staff
together again. Our American friends, by working in the way I have described, have a great pull
over us, and I think a very unfair one so far as
our Government is concerned. We are most certainly entitled to tariff protection. No one who
at all understands our real position doubts it. It
is purely a matter of business and not politics."
An interesting law suit was tried in this city
during the end of last month before Chief Justice
Hunter and a jury, when the Lamb Lumber Company, of Minneapolis, sued the Revelstoke Lumber Company under a written contract made by
the latter company to deliver to the former 500,-
000 feet of "first clear" lumber in rough grading
of cedar and spruce or pine, with the provision
that the Revelstoke company were not to be lia
ble if they were unable to carry out the agreement
through "loss of logs in boom, fire destroying mill,
breakage of machinery and other like causes." The
vidence showed that the agreement in question
as made on the 12th February, 1902, and in May
llowing the defendants alleged that they not
ly lost their cut, all their logs or a great por-
on of them going down the river through the
om breaking. A correspondence between the
rties ensued, in which the Revelstoke company
clared their contract was broken and denied all
bility. The suit was then brought. The let-
s in the case did not uphold the defendants'
tention, but rather showed that they had origi-
ly entirely over estimated the extent of "first
ars" in their season's cut and sought to get
ar of the contract in consequence, and it was
roved in addition that the greatly increased
rice of lumber in the Northwest Territories,
hich happened at the time, induced them to
send the best of their lumber there in place of
to the plaintiffs. The jury finally brought in a
verdict in favor of the Lamb Company for $2
250, and the plaintiffs were awarded their costs
in addition. A good deal of importance was attached to the trial, as it has frequently been asserted that British Columbia contracts were no
good, and that Americans could not succeed in
obtaining a verdict in British Columbia under
them. The case was bitterly fought out and cans
ed a good deal of comment among the local lumbermen.
There is a fair promise of a marked revival
all through the silver-lead mining districts this
summer, owing to the increased price of silver,
the lead bounty granted by the Dominion Government and for other causes, while the indications
all agree in showing that the gold-copper mines
will also have a record run this year, and in consequence the home market in this section of the
Province for mine timbers, and for lumber for the
increased building operations that are safe to follow "good times," will be largely increased. Local lumbermen unite In saying that the outlook
is in every way favorable to the Kootenays, while
the market in the Territories shows no signs of
loosening.
ACTIVITY IN THE NORTHWEST.
Calgary, March 8.—Increased activity has been
very noticeable this past week or two in the trade
here. All dealers are preparing for a big rush,
which is bound to occur when really good building weather arrives. Men in the business all declare that 1903 was the best season ever experi
enced in the Territories, but believe that this year
will far exceed that of the year previous in the
amount of business done.
Because of the expectation that 1904 will be a
banner year, the trade in Calgary are all making
every preparation to handle a large increase in
business. Van Wart & Co. have increased their
yard to double its previous capacity. Your correspondent was informed that the Eau Claire Lumber Co. have arranged to cut more than ever before. Gushing Bros., who operate a sash and door
factory, have announced their intention of increasing the capacity of their establishment to double
its present capacity.
Even with this increase in Cushing Bros.* mill,
other lumber dealers do not think that the demand for doors and sashes will be satisfied. As
a result of these beliefs, there is talk of the formation of a new company to go into the sash and
door business. This new project has strong financial men backing it, and the paid up capital
stock is to be $30,000. "We are only forming this
new company," said one of the men interested,
"because we fear building may be retarded this
summer by the inability of contractors to get all
the stuff they need. It is to our interests to aid
the building contractors all we can. Last year
we were obliged to get a large number of doors and
sashes from the coast, owing to the local mill being unable to supply the demand. The increase in
Mr. Cushing's mill will help some, but wc see
splendid prospects ahead for another mill, and
intend to go ahead with one."
This coming season will be the greatest one
in the building line the Territories have eve? experienced. The inquiries made from outside
points are away above the usual. The mills of
Northern Alberta will not be able to supD'y any
thing like the demand in their vicinities. Lumber
is already being shipped to the north from here.
More than half a million dollars in building
will be spent in Calgary before the year is half
over, providing the contractors get along wi*h iLe
work in the time limits set. Many large buildings
will go up in this city, such as a large school, a
new C.P.R. depot, car shops, two new bank buildings, four or five business blocks, a sanitarium,
possibly a palatial city hall, and a number of residences both large and small.
Building operations have been carried on in
Calgary all winter, and with the exception of fifteen or twenty days, men in the outside trades
have been at work. There is a slight let up until
the frost leaves the ground, when the sound of the
carpenter's saw and hammer and the stonemason's chisel and mallet will be heard on every
hand. And outside places, consistent with their size
will be just as busy. There is not a town or village in the entire Northwest that is not growing.
So many new settlers and business people are
coming in that the demand for houses and stores
is away above the supply. As an illustration of
this it might be said that one of the firms burned
out in the Norman block fire has secured an old
building, which has been used for years as a carpenter's shop, and are turning it into a store to be
used until the block is rebuilt.
NO  ADVANCE   IN   PRICES.
Many people feared that there might be an advance in lumber this spring, but the dealers here
declare that therc will no rise. "We sell lumber
cheaper than in many places in the Territories,"
was the remark of a denier. He said that at one
place east of here on the main line of the C. P.
R. they sold lumber at $20 a thousand which can
be purchased here for $20 a thousand. "And they
only pay a dollar more, freight," he concluded.
An interesting meeting is expected at Calgary
on March 15th, when the western branch of the
Western Retail Lumbermen's Association, will
convene. Many questions of considerable interest
to the trade will be discussed. Some resolutions
may be framed for presentation at the general
meeting of the Western Retailers to be held at
Winnipeg on March 23rd. A large attendance of
dealers in this district is expected at the meeting
here next week.
The announcement of the sale of the Wetas-
kiwin Sash and Door factory by A. T. Peuck to a
joint stock company, of which E. T. Jacobs is the
president, and J. A. Deihl is manager, is made.
Winnipeg, March 5—The indications are that
the lumber trade in this city and the Province of
Manitoba will be brisker than ever before. Last
season building to the value of something over
$5,000,000 was done in the city of Winnipeg
alone, and the contractors feel that this record
will be exceeded this summer. Building Inspec
tor Rogers lias  prepared   bis first  report of tbig
year, and it. speaks most, encouragingly of the pm
pects of the coming season.    The months of January and February are the slack ones, so far a
building is concerned, and the tradesmen in thai
liii(>  always  look   for a   protracted  lay-off  during
that  period.     This  winter,   however,  permits I'm
buildings  amounting    in   value  to  $146,300   wen
taken out, and the lumber dealers and contractor
have shared  winter  prosperity accordingly.     Th.
increase in business indicated by the above pron
ises well for the future, ami the local lumber men
ire preparing for a heavy trade during the sum
mer.     If the  permits  for  buildings    increase  in
number for the rest of the year in proportion t<,
that of the first two months of the year, the valui
of the buildings to lie erected here will aggregate
over $18,000,000,     The    magnitude   of   buildini
transactions on  that    scale  will  mean    that th.
local   lumber  dealers   will   have  to  carry  heaviei
stocks than ever before, and the sources of supply
will be taxed to keep up with the demand.     The
classes   of  structures     now   proposed     are   war.
houses   principally,   and   as   wood   enters   largely
into their construction the consumption of lumber
will be great.     All over the city there will be a
large number of residences to be built, and in tin
outlying  districts   these  will   all   be  of   wood.     A
prominent   lumberman,    in discussing    the pros
pects,  said   that   the  only  circumstance   likely  to
interfere with a very successful prospective sea
son would be the lack of transportation faciliti -
to get. the lumber from the mills of the city.   Hi
believed that there would be no shortage in man
ufactured supply, but he feared that the facility
for hauling the Canadian supply would  be lnade
quate to this immense increase in demand.
Does Not Help Trade.
The American invasion of the Canadian North
west does  not  tend  to help the lumber  trade as
much as might be expected by an outsider who is
not acquainted with  the business.     It  has been
the experience of those engaged in the retail lum
ber trade here that the sections of country rapid
ly   settled   by   American   Immigrants     within   the
past three years has not  materially increased the
amount  of  lumber  sold   to  those   districts  where
they have settled.     The majority of them corn-
to Canada with some funds, but they never consider that its investment in buildings is a paying
venture,  and  they  almost    invariably    erect sou
houses  for man  and     beast,    preferring  to  keep
their money  fur  the   Improvement   of  their land-
holdings.     This state of affairs lasts only a few-
years,   however,  and   the   ultimate   result   will  Tie
doubt help the lumber as well as all other trades.
The foreign element, which is becoming so
marked in the West, is much more enterprising
than the Americans in the way of buildings. They
want a wooden house of some kind before they
aro long on their land, and as soon as they start
in the raising of stock they house it most carefully. Tho settlers who come from \ho older parts
of Ontario are al%0 good patrons of the lumber
yards. They have been accustomed to living in
a fairly jiood house at home ami cannot endure
any hardship along that line in their new surroundings either. There will lie a big inrush of
this class of settlers during the coming summer
and business will benefit accordingly.
Employ More Men.
From now on the lumber camps in the west
will commence to break up. and the men will go
mainly to the rallroadn fur employment during
the summer season. The local agents who employ this class of labor sent out their final contingent about a week ago. During the season
about 6,000 men are sent out from Winnipeg, 1"'
ing about. 2,000 more than during tho previous
season. One reason of this increase was that the
Pigeon River Lumber Company, which had pre
viously engaged its men in Ontario, took them
from the west this winter as the wages were very
high in the Eastern Province. The commence
ment of operations by the Red Deer Company-
near Erwood also had the effect of making more
employment for the jacks and will increase the
western output of lumber considerably.
The loggers state that as a rule the class of
help in the camps has been of a better quality
than heretofore. Most of the good men came from
Eastern Canada as harvest hands and had experience in the woods before, and were therefore
very valuable as compared with the foreigners
who usually offered themselves in the Manitoba
districts. As an example of the improvement in
the grade of help it is but necessary to state that
In the camp of A. R. Mann, with 100 men less than BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
last season, over 25,000 more ties than last year
were taken out. This camp is located in tho
Port Arthur district.
C. P.  R. Officially Silent.
So far no official announcement has been
made by William Whyte, second vice-president of
the C. P. U.. in regard to a decision on the matters
which were brought to his notice recently by the
Western lumber manufacturers regarding the suggestion that the road should lower ifs freight
rates rather than throw all the blame of high
prices of lumber in the Canadian west on the.
shoulders of the dealers and manufacturers. At
present Mr. Whyte is in Montreal, and may have
something to say on his return. F. W. Peters,
assistant traffic manager of the C. P .R., made
some announcements in Vancouver recently
which are generally taken to convey the idea of
the company on the matter and which indicated
that there will be no change in the policy of the
road toward the lumber industry.
Ex-Mayor Arbuthnot of this city, whose lumber offices were badly damaged by fire, has had
the place rebuilt and in running order again.
The Imperial Elevator Company, which, in addition to its grain business, has extensive lumber
yards throughout the west, is suing one of its foremen on the charge of failing to account for certain sums of money which it is claimed were misappropriated by this employee.
Isaac Cockburn, secretary of the Retail Lumber Healers' Association of Western Canada, is
busy preparing the reports for the annual meeting of the Association, which is being held here
this month. Mr. Cockburn says that while the
demand for lumber through the West will be greater than ever before, the supply will be adequate
and settlers coming into the country need fear
no shortage if they are within reach of a railway
station in Manitoba and the Territories.
WEATHER RETARDS TRADE.
Toronto, March 5.—Trade conditions here may
be fairly summed up in the slang phrase, "nothin'
doin.' " There is absolutely no movement of heavy
freight on the branch lines of the railway, owing
to the continuance of the snow blockades in all
directions, and local business is almost at a standstill by reason of the severity of the weather, rendering building operations and all out door work
impossible. The prospects continue good for an
active demand as soon as the spring is fairly
open, and it is altogether probable that the only
drawback to a busy season, namely, strikes and
labor disputes, will be satisfactorily averted by
timely settlements and agreements covering the
year. Such arrangements have already been effected in some branches of the building trade,
and it is confidently anticipated that others will
follow. A shortage of brick may possibly retard
operations in the earlier part of the season before
this year's supplies are obtainable, but the delay
if any. is not likely to be serious.
There is a steady demand for box lumber and
the lower grades of pine, and prices are stiffly
maintained. The stocks carried by some factor-
ies are approaching exhaustion and under present
conditions shipments from the mills is an impossibility until tho winter breaks. There are large
quantities at several points ready to be forwarded to this market as soon as the railways can move
the accumulated freight. Prices for hardwood are
somewhat higher than last season, owing to a
falling off in the output. Dry birch is much in
demand, with a decidedly upward tendency in
rates.
A GREAT REVENUE PRODUCER.
Lumbering questions and the timber policy of
the Government have as usual furnished one of
the stock subjects for discussion in the Ontario
Legislature. The high prices obtained at the Do-
comber timber sale have certainly done something to restore the waning prestige of the Ross
administration and offset the Gamey scandal and
the Sault Ste. Marie fiasco. The extension of the
forestry reserve system may also be fairly placed
to their credit. In his "budget speech," as it is
fashionable to call it, following British precedent,
Premier Ross waxed eloquent over the large contributions to the revenue from the timber resources
of the Province. Thanks to the timber sale, he
said, the revenue of 1903 was the largest in the
history of the Province, amounting to $5,466,683.
Of this $2,459,110 came from Crown lands, including $3,129,203 from the timber sale. The opposition replied  with the familiar criticism, the
force of which has been somewhat dulled by re-
Petition, that the Government was not entitled to
any particular credit for disposing of the public assets, and that all money realizing from this source
instead of being treated as current revenue, ought
to be regarded as capital and invested so as to
produce future income. But for party spirit the
sound, practical common sense of this view would
long since have been recognized. The Government have certainly displayed much prudence and
forethought in securing to the public so large a
share of the value of our natural resources, but
they ought to anticipate the day when this source
of income will at least be largely diminished.
On the ISia ult. Hon. E. J. Davis, Commissioner
of Crown Lands, formally announced the setting
apart of the new forest reserve in the Algoma
district referred to in my last letter, which will
be known as the Mississaga forest reserve. This
Wrings the total area of the territory set apart
under the Forest Reserve Act up to about 9,000
square miles. In disposing of the mature timber
on these reserves it is proposed to offer it for sale
at so much per 1,000 feet on the stump, only such
trees to be cut as are designated by officials of the
Department. Regulations governing the cutting
and disposal of this timber in accordance with
forestry principles are now in course of preparation.
ESTIMATED   OUTPUT   FOR   1904.
The report of the Crown Lands Department,
showing the cut of timber during the season of
1902-3 shows a large increase over the previous
year in the production of saw logs and boom timber, but a falling off amounting to 40 per cent, in
the output of square timber. During the last three
years the figures were as follows: 1900-01—Saw-
logs and boom timber, 636,444,848 feet b. m.;
square timber, 1,755,881 cubic feet. 1901-02—Saw-
logs and boom timber, 659,365,623 feet; square
timber, 1,468,756 cubic feet. 1902-03—Sawlogs and
boom timber, 785,968,481 feet; square timber,
806,777 cubic feet. An estimate is given of the
outp. w of the present season as follows: Saw logs and dimension timber, 750,-
000,000 feet; square, 1,300,000 cubic feet. Taking into consideration the continued severity
of the weather during the first two months of the
year this estimate is probably considerably over
the mark. The largely decreased output in the
Georgian Bay district, however, may be in some
measure offset by the heavy increase in the cut
of the Rainy River district, where there has been
great activity in lumbering operations this season. The weather conditions have been much
more favorable for logging than further east, and
cutting has been carried on on a large scale,
more especially in the neighborhood of Rplny
Lake. Extra trains are now running on the Canadian Northern between Rainy River to forward
the increased lumber output. As tho lumber produced in this district finds a ready market in Manitoba and the West, extensive operations in this
quarter will have little or no effect on the lumber
market in older Ontario.
ANCHOR ICE ON THE OTTAWA  RIVER.
Ottawa mill men at the Chaudiere have been
greatly hampered In their operations this season
by anchor ice, the accumulation of which has
compelled them to suspend work owing to the lack
of power. A number of the firms largely interested, including several power companies and the
Bronson, J. R. Booth and E. B. Eddy companies,
have combined to devise methods of overcoming
the difficulty and to this end have secured the services of William am! John Kennedy, the distinguished hydraulic engineers, of Montreal, to investigate local conditions and prepare a report.
The movement majr result in the formation of a
big hydraulic company, including the present water lot holders, distributing power to each in proportion to their holdings in the joint undertaking.
The Malloch mill property in Amprior, in the
Ottawa Valley, operated for some years by J. and
T. Gillies, and having a sawing capacity of about
60.000 feet per day, has been sold to the Ottawa
Lumber Company, of Ottawa. The price is stated
to be about $20,000.
John Inksetter, lumberman and mill owner, of
Dundas, Ont., has made an assignment to John
Hunter.   His liabilities are heavy.
the New Year. Snow blockades havo made the
handling of lumber In the yards aud on the railways almost an Impossibility. However, it is expected that with the opening of spring, things
will improve in this direction. The most Important announcement has been that of an advance
of ten per cent, in board lumber, covering, of
course, the 1904 cut. This is significant, following
the similar advance made earlier on deals and
square and waney timber for ti•>• English market.
As a matter of fact, pract'.cull r all the 1301 cut
at the mills of the Ottawa district is in second hands
and sold at the advance referred to. The reason given by Mr. J. R. Booth, the lumber king, and others, for the advance, are the increased cost of labor and provisions in the woods, and the anticipated shortage in the log cut. This is figured at
at least ten per cent, shortage of labor early in
the season and deep snow later on being the responsible factors.
BRITISH   COLUMBIA'S   OPPORTUNITY.
This advance in the price of Ontario and Quebec white pine lumber, and the fact that all the
1904 mill cut has been contracted for, should not
be lost sight of in British Columbia lumber circles. It means that at least for another year the
Eastern lumber market will hold firm, and the advance in price of white pine also enhances the
chances of British Columbia lumber improving its
hold in the East.
Of course, the question of freight rates proves
a great handicap on the Pacific Province. An authority in lumber circles, whose views can be accepted as reliable and disinterested, informed the
writer that Georgia pine and cypress, and other
southern wood, are coming into competition in the
Eastern market with the British Columbia woods.
The American article has a big advantage in the
matter of transportation rates. It is brought to
Montreal and Quebec by water in cargo lots and
from these centers distributed by rail. The Georgia article is used in construction work as well
as for flooring, ceiling and other interior jobs. It
is five or six years since the Georgia stock was
first introduced into the Canadian market, but it
is only lately that any determined effort has been
made to buck against the British Columbia dimension stuff with it. In lengths up to 40 feet
the Georgia pine can be used, but in lengths beyond that the Pacific province article has the
field to itself. A lot of the Georgia stock is being
introduced to the Eastern Canada trade in the
quarter cut edged or grained flooring. While
cheaper the American wood is not quite as satisfactory, however, as the British Columbia stock,
as it is marred with "gum spots."
Southern cypress is also coming into competition in the Eastern Canada market with British
Columbia cedar and fir. It is cheaper, and probably for this, as much as any other reason, is
preferred for factory purposes, car building, etc.
However, despite the increased cost on account
of the high freight rates, the British Columbia
woods are meeting with increased favor in Eastern shipbuilding circles. The Pacific Province
fir is now used almost exclusively by the Ottawa
River Transportation and Ottawa Forwarding
Company in the repairing and building of freighters and barges. It is found to be stronger and
more durable than Eastern white pine. Its chief
virtue, however, is in its power to withstand the
effects of water. This is the second year in which
the British Columbia woods have been used in
Eastern shipbuilding yards.
A TEN PER CENT. ADVANCE.
Ottawa, March 5.—As far as the manufacturing
end of the lumber business is concer ied there
has been little doing In the Ottawa district since
GOVERNMENT WORKS.
The Dominion Government, through Its local
agent, Mr. P. C. McGilllvray, has placed an order
with the Brunette Saw Mill Company, of New
Westminster, for dimension timbers to he used
in repairing and replacing locks in the Rideau canal. Mr. McGilllvray reports business quiet during the winter, but states that there will be a
marked activity following the resumption of construction work on a large scale by the Government
and other corporations.
An attempt is being made to introduce British
Columbia woods in clear lines, stocks and sidings, board measure 10 to 16 feet in length, into
the Eastern market. It should take this year with
the shortage there will be in native white pine
lumber in first hands. It is found, however, that
the Pacific woods are rather too hard and brittle as compared with Eastern white pine, and
hence are not so good, especially for factory purposes. ■'
Hit I
E. G. Flooring
1-2 in, Ceiling, Drop Siding, Etc
PROMPT SHIPMENT IS OUR SPECIALTY
Code Used :    AMERICAN LUMBERMAN TELECODE __ _,   .   .  , ^ ,   , __ _
BRANCHES:
Royal City Saw and Planing Mills, Vancouver
Royal City Saw and Planing Mills, New Westminster
Hastings Saw  Mill, Vancouver
Moodyville Saw Mill, Burrard Inlet
BECKMAN & CHISHOLM
MANUFACTURERS OF
RED   CEDAR   SHIN
AND
ROUGH, KILN DRIED
SASH AND DOOR
STOCK, CUT TO SIZE.
P. O. ADDRESS, CEDAR COVE, B. O.
PHONE A 1416.
ARTHUR P. MAY & CO.
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
AMERICAN AND AUSTRALIAN
HARDWOOD LUMBER
Embossed Mouldings, Carvings, etc.,
Plate, Sheet and Fancy Glass,
Burlaps and Wall Papers.
Correspondence Solicited. Orders Promptly Attended to
P. O. Box 194.
544 SEYMOUR ST., VANCOUVER, B. 0.
RED CEDAR LUMBER CO.
LIMITED
MANUFACTURERS  OF
Fine Cedar Lumber
and Shingles ....
TELEPHONE B334
Orders Solicited and Correspondence Promptly Attended to
P. O. BOX 322
POWELL STREET
...VANCOUVER, B. C.
TIMBER LIMITS...
I deal in all classes of British Columbia Timber
Limits and can furnish large or small tracts. ■
Lands Crown Granted previous to 1887
range in price, from $15.00 to $25.00 per
acre ; lands Crown Granted between
1887 and 1001, from $5.00 to $12.00 per
acre; Dominion leases, from $4.00 to
$7.00; Provincial leases, from $(5.00 to
$12.00; Provincial Licenses, from $1.50
to $4.00	
I HAVE A SPECIAL TRACT CARRYING  ABOUT  80,000,000 FEET OF  CEDAR ANO
FIR  FOR SALE AT $10,000 CASH.
C. D. RAND, Broker,
450 GRANVILLE ST.,
VANCOUVER, B. C. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
9
B. C. SHINGLES IN THE EAST.
British Columbia shingles are not selling very
well at present in the Eastern market, as prices
are unsettled. However, they are getting a good
hold, and if the demands of the trade are kept In
mind, this hold should strengthen. There has been
a substantial advance in the prices of shingles of
Eastern manufacturers, a fact Unit stands in favor
of the Western article.
A WARNING.
In this connection it might be well, with
no desire to dictate, to point out to
British Columbia shingle men, the grave mistake they are making, a mistake that is telling
against their product In the East. Tho Western
saw mill men are cutting their own throats by
pushing a No. 2 shingle on the Eastern market
instead of the No. 1 line. The No. 2 shingle does
not come up to Eastern expectations or requirements, and hence there is a prejudice in some
quarters against the entire Pacific province output. Some dealers with elastic consciences represent the No. 2 British Columbia shingle to their
customers as the No. 1 article. This breeds nothing but dissatisfaction and is strengthening prejudice against the Pacific shingle that the best
article does not deserve, a prejudice that is telling against it in the campaign of conquest in the
Eastern market.
What is wanted down here is the No. 1 British
Columbia shingle, for there is plenty of the inferior grade to be had close at hand. This is a
point that must be heeded by the British Columbia mill men If they ever expect to catch and hold
tho Eastern market. They can do this by sending
out of the No. 1 shingle, and only the No. 1, no
other need apply.
A few weeks ago a fat stock building in course
of erection on the Ottawa, fair grounds collapsed.
In it were used several 70-foot British Columbia
dimension timbers. It may be satisfactory to the
British Columbia circles to learn, however., that
the blame for the collapse of the building was
laid on faulty construction, not any inherent weakness in the British Columbia timbers.
WHAT   WILL  THE   GOVERNMENT   DO.
Here at the seat of Parliament it is difficult to
say whether or not the Government will accede
to the request of the British Columbia mill owners, and place an import duty on lumber shipped
into Canada. The matter of a request for such a
duty is now in the hands of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association, and will likely come up at
this session of Parliament. However, it would be
better if the British Columbia mill owners would
send East a small but strong deputation with full
power to represent and promote their views. Of
course, Eastern mill owners are not troubled to
the same extent as their Western confreres with
this American lumber invasion, but they are nevertheless, with few exceptions in favor of the imposition of a duty. Senator Edwards, the well known
free trade champion and head of the lumber firm
of W. C. Edwards & Co., is probably the lone opponent.
According to Government returns the value of
log exports from Canada last year increased from
$47,000,000 to $50,000,000.
The director of the Bureau of Forestry for the
Ontario Government, stated recently that there
are ten billion feet of white pine standing on the
Crown lands of the Province. This will yield the
Provincial treasury $75,000,000 in bonuses and $20,-
000,000 in dues, nearly $100,000,000 altogether.
ROBBING THE  GOVERNMENT.
The Quebec Colonization Committee appointed
to Inquire into the relations between the settlers
and lumber firms has held several sessions lately.
In evidence the fact was brought out that the
Provincial Government and the lumber firms have
been defrauded by the so-called settlers. These
parties avail themselves of the Provincial law
to settle on timber limits, not, however, as they
are supposed to, to clear a farm but simply to
cut off the timber. The timber is afterwards sold
to the small mills. The system has been worked
so extensively that the commissioners are satis-
fled that the scheme to steal the timber is a well
planned one. Evidence before the Commission
was given by all the leading lumber operators. It
is likely the Commission will recommend to the
Quebec Government that colonization be forbidden
on forest lands not arable, and that these forests
lands be set apart as reserves. By systematic
protection from fire, preservation of the younger
growth, and the adoption of modern ideas in timber cutting, it is expected the future of the Province's forest wealth will be assured.
A French lumber agent was in Ottawa recently
arranging for the shipment of Canadian lumber
direct to the French market. As matters now stand
it is handled through tho British firms. No definite arrangements were made.
REDUCING WAGES IN  LOGGING CAMPS.
Seattle, Wash., March 4.—The big logging
camps adjacent to the Sound are slowly waking
up and beginning preparations for this season's
operations. Some have already commenced in
sections where favorable conditions exist, but the
snow and lack of men have so far prevented
many camps from opening, up. The Loggers' Association recently decided to cut the wages of
all skilled and unskilled help about 12 per cent
This action has caused considerable dissatisfaction among the men, and many refuse to return
to the camps even after an enforced idleness of
two months. All the camps in the State have
been closed since the holidays. The few camps
in operation at present are working under difficulties, as the men are leaving continually and
heading for the larger cities, where they propose
to remain until the lack of funds compel them to
return to the camps.
Tho coming summer promises to become very
active in the counties tributary to Hood's Canal
and also in Clarke county. The Hood's Canal
country was logged some 20 years ago, but in a
very careless and irregular manner. In those days
the logging operations were carried on in a very
primitive fashion, and only first class logs near
tho water's edge were removed. Large companies
with first-class outfits are now coming into the
field, and logging railroads are pushing their way
into the untouched forests below the Olympic
mountains. The Simpson Logging Company operates a number of camps near Potlatch and employs at present about 200 men. The Riverside
Company has completed several miles of logging
road at Holly and employs 75 men. A new company, the Izett Lumber & Transportation Company, will put in a camp at Brinnon. A railroad
will tap a large belt of timber at that place.
Another company has acquired a large amount
of stumpage near Quilcene and will cut up its own
logs. The Washington Mill Company is buying
stumpage at various points near Seabeck, and
rumor has it that a mill will be put at that place
in the near future. In addition, about twelve or
fourteen smaller logging outfits are operating
at different places along the canal.
In Clarke county, along the Columbia river,
the Weyerhaeuser Timber Company Is building
logging railroads in every direction. It is here
the forest fires of two years ago killed so much
timber, and it will be removed and cut up at the
company's own mills in Everett and Tacoma as^
speedily as possible.
MILLS HAVE NEW MARKETS.
While the local demand for lumber has fallen
off somewhat during the past year, the mills have
not been seriously affected. The Pacific Coast
Lumber Manufacturers' Association is gaining
eastern territory from year to year. A petition
for a forty-cent rate to Missouri river points has
been forwarded to the transcontinental railroads
having an outlet on the Sound. This course
has become absolutely necessary, as, owing to the
great increase in the cutting capacity of the mills,
of the northwest, the present limited territory is
totally inadequate for consuming the product
that, usually goes to the East. The cargo trade
while increasing each year, has reached its limits,
and the fact remains that the mill capacity ot
the northwest i.s far greater than the cargo and
rail markets can consume. Unless a new outlet
can be found and the surplus taken care of, the
coming season will compel many small mills to
shut down. Statistics are now being prepared
showing that the forty-cent rate is an absolute
necessity, if this section shall still remain prosperous. In addition, the milimen will show that
the tremendous waste in milling and logging operations, as now practiced, will be materially lessened by the granting of a forty-cent rate, since
much material nowr worthless may then be manufactured into a marketable product.  -
On February 2 the Great Northern Bailroad
announced reduced rates on lumber, poles and
mill products from the Sound to points in Nebraska which makes a cut from one-half to eight cents
per 100 pounds. The new tariff also quotes reduced
rates to new points in that State.
Seattle lumbermen, in addition to capturing
the California markets, are also seeking to get
a foothold in Alaska, where the prospects for a
largo and profitable field in the near futuro are
unusually bright. Fred Stimson, one of the directors of the Alaska Central Railroad and also owner of the largest shingle mill on the Sound and
one of the largest lumber mills In tho State, has
determined to open a series of lumber yards
along the line of the Alaska Central. The road
in question will traverse an immensely rich and
fertile section of southern Alaska, and it is believed that as the railroad progresses a vast
army of homeseekers, business men and minors
will come in and build up the territory thus
opened up. A great deal of lumber will therefore be needed to build up tho towns that will
spring up along the line. Mr. Stimson has calculated to fill this demand. In a few days Wm.
M. Sauer, for seven years past with the Stetson-
Post Mill Company of this city, will leave for
Seward, Alaska, where the first lumber yard will
be established. About the time that Mr.
Sauer leaves a shipment of 700,000 feet of various grades of lumber will be shipped to Alaska
to stock the Seward yard. Mr. Sauer will, as
soon as this yard is installed, proceed to open
yards at Kayak, Lake Kanai and other point's
along the railroad line.
BUREAU OF FORESTRY.
It is significant of the times to note the efforts
being made by the large timber owners of the
State to introduce more economical methods in
logging and forest management. The Weyerhaeusers and the Northern Pacific Railroad have
both signified their willingness to try forestry, as
advocated by the Government. Frederick Weyerhaeuser has signed an agreement with the Bureau
of Forestry by which the Bureau agrees to prepare working plans for the conservative management of about 1.SOO.000 acres of the company's
property in Washington. The Northern Pacific
has also renue-ted the Bureau to prepare plans
for its enormous holdings in this State and in
Idaho. The expenses will be borne by the applicants.
Howard Elliott, president of the Northern Pacific, writes the Bureau as follows:
"The Northern Pacific Railway Company is a
lareo holdpr of timber lands in the Northwestern
states. wri"h are now being loeged from in more
or less irregular methods. Realizing the increasing scarcity of timber, and the probability of a
more economical use of forest tracts which we
have, and understanding that your foresters lend
assistance to landholders in the way of making
surveys and plans for economical forest management. I would ask whether it would be possible
for tho Bureau of Forestry to make surveys and
plans for this company, looking towards the forest management of its tracts."
The coming summer promises to be a very active one in the buildine line, as far as Seattle is
concerned. During the last eight months but little new work h^s been inaugurated, but a change
is imminent. Plans for some ten or twelve large
wholesale and office structures are now let or
being fieured, and home-building will probably also
be resumed as soon f>s the weather becomes settled. The Seattle mills should be kept fairly busy
on loci orders this summer, but unfortunately
competition has driven manv of the smaller country mills to enter the Seattle market and compete for the more profitable business to be found
here. In Tacoma the local demand is on the increase and that together with the heavy cargo
shinments from that port promises that city a
fairly prosperous year.
OPERATIONS QUIET BUT HOPEFUL.
Chicago, March 9.—Although this city lb
situated on one of the Great Lakes, navigation Is
closed from November to April, and the railroad:-
are the sole dependence of the shippers during the
closed season. The greater number and the greatest of lumber yards of Chicago are situated alcng
the river, as most of the lumber arriving he.x
from the mills comes by boat. Wholesalers are
doing some selling to jobbers and retailers are
getting ready for the season's operations.
Iroquois Fire Causes Remodeling of Buildings.
Up to the time of the Iroquois theatre fire the
laws that were not enforced in this city would fill
a large book, but since that castastrophe there
has been a remodeling and changing and building
new work in stores, offices, schools, churches,
places of amusement and residences. The carpenter has had more work than usual this winter. ■ -. HMBMMHBMMHM
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10
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
The Russo-Japanese war will bring business to
the lumbermen and farmers of America. The price
of wheat is close to the dollar mark now, and
if It should remain there until after the market
ing of the next crop it spells prosperity.
In Winter's Icy Grip.
It is reported that a field of solid ice extends
from Duluth for fifty miles into Lake Superior.
Lake Michigan Is full of ice and navigation will
very likely open later than usual. In this event
the amount of lumber shipped from the north by
boat during the coming season will be greatly reduced, though there is every indication of more
extensive building operations in and around Chicago for 1904 than during 1903.
"It is an ill wind that blows nobody good."
The Baltimore, the Madison, the Ashtabula, and
many other fires have brought business to the lumbermen.
Lumbermen's Annual Excursion.
One hundred and twenty-five Indiana lumber
dealers went to New Orleans on their annual winter excursion February 18.   Six coaches were char-
An Erroneous Impression.
Chicago lumber merchants who have expressed
opinions on the proposition made by British Columbians that Canada tax lumber imported from
the United States, say that Canadians are not likely to favor such a law, as it would add just that
much to the cost of the lumber they need and
must buy from the United States.
During February 1,714 deeds were recorded in
Cook County, involving a valuation of $7,031,013
Skyscrapers.
The "skyscrapers" of Chicago are built of steel,
stone, brick and tile, and with very little wood
used, but the factories, warehouses and workshops
are made of brick walls and "mill" construction
Notwithstanding the Increased use of iron and
steel buildings in use, the use of lumber has not
diminished but has increased in proportion with
other materials.
Extensive docks are to be constructed along
the north branch of the Chicago river. Nearly a
million feet of timber will be used. Orders for
150,000, 400.000. 500,000 and 1.000,000 feet of lumber await the lowest responsible bidders,
tfXxmxxxxxxxxxxxxxixxmxxxxxnxxixmxxxxixxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxi.
I Uancouver OL Ui
'tcu>it\j
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Mr   I  D  Sinclair, late of Blue Mountain, nea
Collingwood, Ont, has leased the lumber mill ...
the B   C   Box and Lumber    Company,    of Pal
Creek' Vancouver, B. C, and is executing exb
sive repairs and making several additions to u
nlant     He will commence active operations h
fore the first of next month, and has complete
arrangements for a regular supply of cedar and
nr logs.      Mr. Sinclair will make a specialty i
high grade edge grain cedar.
Captain McSpadden, of Vancouver, B.C., Build
inc Inspector, announces that the total of permit -
Issued in February, 1904, was $138,620, as against
$69 1 "7 for the same month last year, or nearly
double This phenomenal increase is the more
marked when it is noted that no permits for large
buildings were issued during the month, and a
much better class of houses are being built. Now
a $1 500 house is being put up where in the early
days a $1,000 was erected.    Better material Is go-
^C'irTS» caAST  MLUMBERw   CO
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PACIFIC   COAST   LUBMER   COMPANY'S   MILL,   VANCOUVER,   B    C.
tered for the trip. The route was through Louisville, Nashville, Chattanooga, Atlanta, Macon, Savannah, Jacksonville, Pensacola, New Orleans;
Pass Christian, Mobile and Montgomery.
Manufacturers of yellow pine lumber are trying to get together on the price question.
The second number of the first volume of the
British Columbia Lumberman is a splendid piece
of work in every respect and is creditable to the
editor, the printer and the pressman. "May it
flourish like a green bay tree," and "may its sha
dow never grow less."
ing Into the houses and better work is being done
Chicago Building Permits.
Chicago building permits are being called for
at the average rate of 100 per week, the cost ranging from less than $1,000 to $200,000.
Receipts of lumber in Chicago last week, 19,-
000,000 feet; shipments 14,000,000 feet; shingles
5,000,000, shipments, 7,000,000.
BOOM BUSTED.
A boom of logs, containing some 350,000 feet,
was lost in a gale while in transit from San Juan
to Blaine. The loss is estimated at about $3,000,
covered by insurance.
Jobbing the Price Lists.
The owners of the Arkansas yellow pine mills
are accused of selling lumber on the August, November or January list, according to the way they
feel at the time of sale. Manufacturers and deal
ers must "get together" if they desire to win in
these days of close organization.
The latest Chicago lumber corporation is the
Pine Forest Lumber Company, which has purchased large quantities of hardwoods and hemlock in
Michigan and in the South.
TENDERS FOR TIMBER LIMITS.
Sealed tenders are being called for by W. S.
Gore, Deputy Commissioner of Lands and Works,
Victoria, B . C, and will be received up to noon
of Wednesday, 23rd March, 1904, from any person
who may desire to obtain a lease under the provisions of section 42 of the "Land Act," for the purpose of cutting timber .herefrom of a timber limit
situated at Heyden Lake, Loughborough Inlet,
known as lots 441, 442, 443, 444, 445 and 446^
range 1, Coast District, containing in the aggre-
gote 3,535 acres. The competitor offering the
highest cash bonus will be entitled to a lease of
the limits for a term of twenty-one years.
PACIFIC   COAST   LUMBER   COMPANY,   LTD.
Our illustration shows a view of the mills at
Vancouver, B. C, owned and operated by the Pacific Coast Lumber Company, Limited, of which
Mr. J. G. Scott is vice-president and general manager.
The mill is situated on Coal Harbor, to ttj
west of Vancouver Harbor. The saw mill oCCu'
pies the east side of the Company's property
and is 60x300 feet, two stories in height. The
big log haul-up is of the Wm. Hamilton Company
pattern, is composed of 1%-inch chain with cast
steel brackets fastened at intervals thereon, and
is capable of handling the largest logs with the
greatest ease. The mill is equipped with two 10-
foot band saws, one on either side of the log
deck, from which both of the carriages may tak<
logs, although one side of the mill is more properly intended to act as the re-sawing side. Boto
of the bands and carriages were made by Clark
Brothers, of Belmont, N. Y. The heavy side W
equipped with a Simonson log turner, by means
which the heaviest as well as the smallest logs
are loaded on to the carriage or turned as easily
and lightly as if they, were; hop poles.    Both ca'- BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
11
riages are driven by Cunningham twin steam feeds.
Transfer chains convey the "cant3" from the
heavy side of the mill over to the re-saw carriage,
and further down the mill additional transfer
chains convey the sawn lumber from either side
of the mill to the centre, where the powerful Hamilton edger is placed, and live rollers carry the
heavier timbers on out to the timber delivery end
of the mill.
The planing mill is about 100 feet from the
saw mill and is 72x120 feet, two stories high. It
is equipped throughout with wood-working tools
made by the Berlin Machine Works, Beloit, Wis.,
and is a model in every respect. The ground
floor is given to flooring machines, moulders, lumber trimming devices, a six-inch re-saw and a 60-
inch double drum sander, the latter machine being the first of its kind in the province, and with
it the company will sand-finish their flooring, ceiling and such inside finish as can be sanded. This
will be a boon to builders and contractors, as it
will do away with the necessity for the expensive
and laborious work of hand dressing and sandpapering of interior finish.
The shingle mill Is an entirely separate plant
and occupies a building about 200 feet west of
the saw mill, and is a good sized industry in Itself.
In the log end of the mill are a heavy log haul-up
rig, a powerful drag saw, built to special order by
the Albion Iron Works, Vancouver, a power bolter,
two knee bolters, a shingle bolt conveyor, and a
cut-off rig. Either logs or shingle bolts are used.
From this end the blocks are conveyed upstairs
to the shingle machines, which were made by the
Schaake Machine Works, of New Westminster.
More than ordinary care has been given to the
boiler house, which is 52x80 feet, situated midway
between the saw and shingle mills, with a clear
space of 60 feet on each side. This building is
composed of as non-combustible material as possible, the sides and roof being covered with heavy
corrugated iron and the floor being a heavy bed of
concrete, while underneath the whole of the boilers a complete circulation of air is provided by
means of rows of six-inch drain tiles, set in
concrete. A battery of eight boilers has been installed, each being 16 feet long and 66 inches in
diameter.
The saw mill is driven by a pair of 24x30 vertical engines the planing mill by a pair of 14x20
horizontal engines, and the shingle mill by a 14x
24 vertical engine, all being set up on concrete
pier foundations. For the purpose of lighting the
whole plant, a 750-Hght direct current dynamo,
made by the Canadian General Electric Company,
has been istalled. This machine is driven by
a 12x12 Robb engine, and both arc and incandescent lights are used.
The Standard Dry Kiln Company furnished the
equipments for the dry kilns. There are six
rooms in all, with space provided for addition of
more should requirements demand enlarging. In
the construction of the dry kiln buildings the
greatest care has been exercised to make them as
nearly non-combustible as possible. The walls
and ceiling are lined with a plaster composed of
cement, asbestos, lime and sand, the roof being
covered with felt and gravel. Live steam pipes
are carried into each room for fire extinguishing
purposes, and all steam pipes have been well protected from wood contact.
The Rat Portage Lumber Co'y, Limited
TELEPHONE  NO. 354
VANCOUVER BRANCH
MANUFACTURERS OP
P. O. BOX 778
FIR, CEDAR AND SPRUCE
Building Material of all Kinds Delivered Promptly.    Hardwood in Car Lots.
MILL AND OFFICES :
SOUTH GRANVILLE STREET BRIDGE
VANCOUVER, B. C.
CLIMAX MANUFACTURING CO.,
CORRY, PA.
BUILDERS OF
Geared Locomotives and Logging Cars.
Built on Modern Locomotive Principles
For Wood and Steel Track Where Great Tractive Power and Flexibility are Required,
Especially on Steep Grades and Sharp Curves.   Write for Catalogue and Prices.
D. M. MILLER, Agent
64   Starr-Boyd Building, Seattle, Wash.
THE WHEELER, OSGOOD COMPANY
TACOMA,
WASHINGTON
MOULDINGS
■ ■
DOORS
COLUMNS, SASH
We are equipped to make
1200 doors per day
With a proportionate amount
of other mill work
We are prepared to make
prompt shipments mmt
m i
L2
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
1
KING OF
THE RIVER
This is the tines! loggers
beet made in the w orld to-
da\. It is a hai d-made
beet i h r o u g h out, and
nothing but the very best
French calfskin used. . .
Made in S, 10 and I l-'nu h
eg.   All we chai ge \ ou is
Per Pair
Sold e
\\ here
Mail Orders Promptly Attended to
Sold ci er) -
w here for St-.s"
Johnston's Big Shoe House
Hastings St., Vancouver; Columbia St., New Westminster
Vancouver and Vicinity   cont'd
Mr, John W. Coburn, a well known Ladysmith
lumberman,  was a visitor    to    Vancouver    this
month.
The Pacific Pipe Company is pushing the construction of its works in Vancouver, and expect
to be ready for business by the first of next month.
The shingle mill of Woods & Spicer, after being closed down for the last two months, has resumed operations, with excellent prospects for a
good business.
Mr, J. S. Emerson, of this city, is one of the
ew loggers not affected by the    recent amend-
ents to the Land Act, in the matter of exporting
gs to the Sound.     His camps are all busy, and
,e has demand for more logs than he can supply.
Mr. J. F. Foss, a wholesale lumber dealer of Win-
Hpeg, paid us a visit last week. He reports the
outlook of the lumber business in Manitoba and
the Northwest as excellent. Mr. Foss is visiting
Vancouver for the purpose of meeting the lumber
manufacturers of the coast, and incidentally to
make arrangements for his supply for the coming
season.
Mr. G. W. Dulany, Jr., vice-president of the
Mentz Lumber Company, of Minneapolis, made
us a friendly call a few days ago. Mr. Dulany
makes Vancouver his first visit and is looking into
the lumber situation on the coast with the view
of possibly doing business with B. C. shingles
in his section of the country.
F. W. Peters, assistant freight traffic manager
of the C. l\ R., western lines, visited the coast
this month and has had several interviews with
representatives of the lumber industry. On his
return east on the 8th inst. lie was to meet a
delegation of the Mountain Lumbermen's Association at Revelstoke, to talk over freight rates and
other matters with them.
At a recent meeting of the Hastings Shingle
Mill Company, the erection of a large mill at
Moodyville was decided upon, the work to be
started immediately. The new mill will be mod
ern in every respect, and will be devoted entirely
to turning out high-class cedar lumber. In addition to this, a large expenditure will be made in
the improvement and enlargement of the Hume
near Moodyville. This mill will replace the company's No. 1 mill recently destroyed by fire.
The Rat Portage Lumber Company, of this
city, although working full time, has found time
to instal a new    125-h.p. boiler,    built by the N.
Thompson Company, and is putting in a double
cut band resaw and carriage. "Business," says
the manager, Mr. George Campbell, "is good, and
we are running to our full capacity. Rail shipments art- steadily Improving,
bright."
The   outlook   is
The Vancouver Sash and Door Factory, after
being closed down for three weeks, resumed
business again about the first of this month. A
new boiler, supplied by the Vancouver Engineering Works, has been installed, together with a
new Corliss engine and a set of sash and door
machines of the latest improved pattern. By the
Installation of these the company expects to
dimble its  capacity.
Mr. II. L. Jenkins of Minneapolis. Minn., owner of the Ross-McLaren mills at Sapperton,
passed through Vancouver last week. He is not
yet prepared to state his intentions regarding the
commencement of operations at the Ross-McLaren mills, but there is reason to believe that
in the course of a few months the mill and machinery will be thoroughly overhauled and repaired and work commenced before midsummer.
The Vancouver Dry Dock & Shipbuilding Company, Limited, through its president, Mr. N.
Thompson, has asked the Vancouver city council
to submit a bylaw to the ratepayers authorizing
the corporation to subscribe for stock to the extent of $100,000 at par. payable in city debentures.
Considering that a dangerous precedent would be
established in complying with this company's request, the council declined to grant the aid asked.
commending the promoters, however, for the enterprise shown.
Rumor has it that a mill, to cost in the neighborhood of $200,000, is to be built in or near Vancouver by men representing Winnipeg ami Vancouver capital. This mill, it is also said, will
compete directly for local and Northwest trade,
and will not be governed by either the B. C. Lumber and Shingle Manufacturers' Association or the
Western Retail Lumber Association. It will be
time to say something more about this enterprise
when it has become a factor in British Columbia
lumber affairs.
The A. J. Burton Saw Works, of Vancouver
has been organized. The provisional directors
are A. J. Burton, H. Wilkinson, J. A. Willett. Ceo
Hlnton and E, W. McLean. Mr. Burton recently
had a letter from the well-known saw manufacturers. W. Jessop Company, Toronto, stating that
his action in starting a saw factory here was a
wise one, and that no less than two or three
other firms had been going to start in British
Columbia, but the decision of Mr. Burton had
headed them off.
Mr. J. C. McGoldrick, of the McGoldrick Lumber Company, of Minneapolis, .Minn., spent a few
days on the Coast last week-. From him we
learn that a large mill will be erected near Nelson, B. C, by himself and associates, and that
construction has already commenced, but the mill
will not be in operation before the beginning of
next season. He was visiting this section to
thoroughly familiarize himself with the lumber
conditions of the coast. The new company
about to be incorporated will most probably be
known as the Imperial  Lumber Company, Ltd.
Mr. s. A. Mundy, of Bradford, McKean county,
Pennsylvania, accompanied by Mr. II. Y. Telfer,
of Colllngwood, Ont., paid us a visit last week'
These gentlemen have been making a tour of inspection of largo tracts of timber owned by the
Eagle Lumber Company, Inc., of Pennsylvania,
in the Yale and West Kootenay districts. It is
more than probable that if conditions continue
favorable during the next few years a large company will be organized in British Columbia to
manufacture lumber from their extensive limits,
part of which are tributary to the main line of the
Canadian Pacific Railway on Eagle river and
Shuswap lake.
B. C. MILLS T. T. CO.
February Shipments from Hastings.
Feet.     ' Value
Str.   Aorangi,   Web.   5—Sydney. .120,857 $3,818 01
Str.   Aorangi.   Feb.  5—Suva       17,208       362 00
Str. Tydeus—Japan    196.741    4,704 00
Shij)    Adolph—Iquique    1,369,442    14,560 00
Bk.   Linlithgowshire loading for Freemantle
LOGGING OUTFIT SOLD.
Apropos of the legal battle of Christie vs.
Fraser over the timber limits on Guilford Island,
we are Informed that Mr. ,1. S. Emerson, of Vancouver, B. C, has purchased from the Erie Lum
ber Company, the defendant in that suit, the con
plete logging outfit and supplies situated on the
property, valued at $12,000.
ERRATUM.
In the advertisement of Messrs. McLennan c
Mel'eely in our February issue a typographical
error occurs, which we now take the opportunity
to correct. This should have read "a plant for
cutting straight grained bands," and not "culling"
as it appeared. The machine referred to is made
to cut only a specially high grade material which
is only used in the manufacture of shingle bands.
LUMBER  FLUME.
A flume has recently been completed on the
Capilano river, opposite Vancouver, for the conveyance of shingle bolts from the limits of J. 0.
Kieth and associate-, on that side of Burrard Inlet.
The Hume runs from the waterworks dam, through
the woods to the first canyon, whence the bolts
float of their own accord to the boom at the
mouth of the river. The new flume is a great fac
tor in economy in the cost of getting the shingle
bolts to salt water.
A TESTIMONIAL.
As an evidence Of the standing of British Columbia manufactured lumber in the East, it
might be mentioned that a gentleman from the
Eastern states recently visited some of the mills
in Vancouver, thence he went over to Puget
Sound. Since his return home to Boston he has
placed considerably better than a carload order
of finished lumber with the Pacific Coast Company, of this city, stating that for first-class stuff
he could get nothing on the Sound equal to what
was turm d out by Vancouver mills.
MARINE   RAILWAYS.
By the recent incorporation of the Vancouver
Dry Dock Company by N. Thompson & Co., impetus seems to have been given to this particular
branch of the shipping business. Recent reports
state that Colin F. .lackson «£.- Co. has a similar
project in view, while A. Wallace, of False Creek,
will commence an'' l,llsh to completion his marine
ways, which, when finished, will be capable of
handling vessels up to 1,200 tons. The Vancouver Shipyard. Limited, on Coal Harbor, is increasing the capacity of its marine railway to accommodate vessels up to 200 tons.
SMELTING WORKS.
The Syracuse Smelting Works, of Montreal.
P. Q., Intend opening a branch office in Vancouver which will be under the management of Mr. J.
A. Martin. A very large business lias been built
up in this Province by this firm, so much so, in
fact, that the company is seriously contemplating
the building of a branch factory "in or near Vancouver.
The Syracuse Smelting works are manufacturers of the famous "non friedionablo babbit metal"
and other well known brands of metal, and the
head office and factory is in New York, with
branch  factories  in   Montreal and  Seattle, Wash.
A TANNERY  TO   BE   BUILT.
B is said that a site has been secured for the
'•reelion of a tannery at the mouth of Capilano
Creek, on the north side of Burrard Inlet, Vancouver, B ('., by a local linn representing English  capitalists.
The Vancouver linn which gives out the information states tint the promoters are aide I"
say definitely that the tannery will be built. For
ihe past yen- experiments have been carried on
with British Columbia bides and British Columbia
bark, and it is found that the British Columbia
hemlock bark is equally as good as the California oak bark used for tanning. British Columbia
hides are said to be superior to any on the Coa> t.
Thousands of dollars worth of them are exported
to California every year. They are unusually
thick and  finish  up well.
The establishment of this enterprise will g"'"
employment to a huge number of men, and it la
contemplated tint, the export trade from the products of the business will run close upon half a
million a year. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
13
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Lumbering operations In Southeast Kootenay
have been very active during the winter months.
The Abbotsford Lumber Company has added
to its plant a new logging donkey. The mill is
running full time again.
M. Mclnnis has sold his timber limits below
Elko to the Cranbrook Sash and Door Factory.
OTThClLlOft a      Tne limits include 8,000 acres of fine timber, and
" ' "      the company proposes to erect a $30,000 mill at
once and start to cut lumber as soon as arrangements can be made.
mill which is being erected. The company has
several thousand logs on hand for the season's
cut, and expects to be in operation by the middle
of this month.
According to the Wilmer Outcrop, the lumber
business in the Windermere district is taking
quite a boom and more mills are talked off.
The winter in the Interior has been an ideal
one for lumber men, and nearly every mill has its
supply of logs drawn in ready for the season's cut.
A fire did considerable damage to the Nanaimo
sawmill, owned by Mr. Andrew Haslam, last
month, which necessitated closing down for some
days.
J. M. Dale has sold bis logging camp and out/
fits in Lillooet, on the Fraser river, to Mr. Treth-
owey, and has returned to his old post at Port
Hammond.
Tho Marysville Lumber Company has completed
its logging operations for the winter, and are now
said to have 4,000,000 feet ready for for the season's cut.
Mr. C. E. Sands, late of tho Vancouver Daily
Ledger, has accepted the position of business
manager of the Hazlemere Lumber Company, of
Ha/.lemere, B. C. ••
Taking advantage of the snow and ice, Messrs.
Brett and Patterson have landed a good supply of
logs at the Elk ('reek saw mill near Cheam on
the  Fraser  River.
A new and improved gangsaw plant, similar
to the plant of their Beaver mill, is being installed
by the Columbia River Lumber Company at Kault.
-Tho capacity will be about 75,000 feet per day.
Tho Ontario & Slocan Lumber Company, of
Slocan City, have secured a contract for supplying 500,0011 feet of lumber for the new Hume and
concentrator of the Monitor mine to be built next
kpring at Three Forks, B. C.
Tho Canadian Timber and Saw Mills Company,
Trout Lake, B. C, are adding new machinery
their plant. Mr. J. B. Henderson, the company's manager, is now at Duluth, Minn., superintending the loading of the order.
The Crow's Nest Lumber Company have established a camp on St. Mary's river, and during
tho past three months have cut over 3,000,000 feet
of logs. In addition they are purchasing from
ranchers another 1,000,000 feet at least.
According to local report the Columbia River
Lumber Company, of Beaver, B. C, are this sea-
bou securing an exceptionally high grade of logs
anil are making good progress in hauling them
over the snow, the load averaging 4,000 feet.
W. McKissock has completed the construction
of the tug Yale at his yard at Nakusp, B. C, for
Yale Columbia Lumber Company, of that place.
The N. Thompson Company, of Vancouver, B. C,
were the makers of the machinery for the new
tug.
Andrew Sigalet, of Mabel Lake, has taken a
contract to supply two million feet of
logs to tho Okanagan Lumber Company, of
Enderby. It is understood that other residents
of the Mabel Lake and Shuswap districts are also
taking large contracts.
Tho Crow's Nest Pass Lumber Company, of
Wardner, is now receiving its new machinery,
tho installation of which will bring the capacity
up to 150.000 per day. The planing mill is equipped with five machines, and the platform arranged
for the lording of 20 cars at a time. The company expects to cut about 20.0d0.000 this season,
and will run the plant day and night
Mr. Henry Kipp, of" Chilliwack, who in 1876
planted some sugar maple trees, is now reaping
the fruits of his labors. Towards the end of last
month he tapped the trees, and his most sanguine
The Harbor Lumber Company will erect a saw
mill near Camborne, B. C, to replace the one that
was destroyed by the collapse of the building by
the heavy snow fall last month. The new mill will
in all probability be built on the bank of the Fish
river, as the river can be used for the transport of
Sample of Spruce on the Crab River Limits of the Oriental Power and
Pulp Company.   Said to contain 29,588 feet of merchantable
timber;   120 feet to flrt limb.
expectations are being realized. The syrup is of
a golden hue, rich in taste and possesses a good
body.
The Hardy Brothers have completed a contract
for half a million feet of logs from the Kettle River
Lumber Company, and they will be floated down
the river in the spring to the company's mill at
Grand Forks, B. C. The logs were cut on the
North Fork of Kettle river, thirteen miles from
that city.
logs instead of hauling them, which was the costly
method employed at the old mill, owing to its
situation.
The Harbor Lumber Company, on Arrow Lake,
has completed the construction of two large transfer barges, each 125 feet in length by 36 feet
beam, and has under construction a tug for towing logs and lumber to and from the mill. The
machinery for the tug is being supplied by the
Poison Iron Works, of Toronto.
The Big Bend Lumber Company's logging gang
at McKay's ranch, on the Arrow Lakes, have
put six million feet of logs into the Fish River.
G. Lux & Sons, and Beaton & Hillman have put
in a million each. It is estimated that about ten
or twelve million feet of logs will float down the
Fish river next summer.
The Wilmer Lumber Company, taking advantage of the snow, has hauled over from Galena
a new boiler and machinery for the company's
There is every indication that British Columbia's lumber resources will be adequately represented at the World's Fair at St. Louis. A splendid stick of spruce has just been prepared at the
Royal City Mills of this city to the order of the
Dominion Government. It is 48 inches wide, 16
feet long and three feet thick, and has not a
single knot or blemish. The same mill has also
prepared for the Government a spruce log, six
feet in diameter and seven feet in length, and a fir
log of similar dimensions. i ■
CfftAff.'ir1.^
14
BRITISH  COLUMBIA  LUMBERMAN
PAINLESS DENTISTRY.
Teeth extracted and filled absolutely without pain by our late scientific method.
These are the only Dental Tailors in Vancouver that have the patent appliances and
ingredients to extract, fill and apply gold crowns and porcelain crowns, indctectable
from natural teeth, and warranted for ten
years, without the least particle of pain.
Gold crowns and teeth without plates,
gold tilling and all other dental work done
painlessly and by specialists.
We are making a Specialty of Gold
Crown and bridge work ; the most beautiful, painless and durable of dental work
known to the profession. Our name alone
will be a guarantee that your work will be
of the best. We have a specialist in each
department. We will tell you in advance
exactly what your work will cost by free
examination. Give us a call and you will
find we do exactly as we advertise.
New York Dental Parlors,
147 HASTINGS STREET, E.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Malthoid Roofing
MADE IN
CALIFORNIA
Malthoid Roofing is made in California, where the materials are produced from which the best roofings are made.
Malthoid is weather and water-proof, fire-resisting,
will not crack, expand or contract, neither will it sweat or
run from heat.    The lowest priced good roofing made.
Send for Booklet and Samples.
THE PARAFFINE PAINT CO.,
San Francisco, Seattle, Portland, Los Angeles, and Denver, Colorado.
Boyd,
Burns & Co.,
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Engineering Supplies
Ship Chandlery . . . .
Iron Pipe, Valves, Belting,
Pipe Fittings, Wood Pulleys,
Steam Packing,      Wire Rope.
Vancouver, B. C.
January jyth, 1902.
Mr. Frank L. Johnson, Sapperton, B. C.
Dear Sir:
Replying to your enquiry of a few days
ago, as to how we liked the Improved "Johnson" Shingle Machine which we recently
purchased from theSchaake Machine Works,
\vc are glad to be able to state that we are
much pleased with it.
We have had experience with a good
many styles of Shingle Machines, and
in our opinion this one is the best ot
all. The two important points in which
this machine excels all others is the style of
friction, and the method of driving the carriage, the former being very simple and
positive, and the latter improvements making the machine work very smooth and easy,
without any jar or jerk.
It we were building another mill we
would have no other kind ot machine.
Yours truly,
THE   SPICER   SHINGLE   MILL  CO.,
Limited.
H. H. SPICER, Manager.
Drag Saw Machines, Jack Works,
Log Haul-Ups, Log Haul-Up Chains,
Combined Log Dog Grip and Stops,
Friction Log Dog Grip Hoists,
Knee Bolters, Bolt Cutting Machines,
Swing Saw Cutting-off Machines,
Shingle Packers,
Dried Shingle Presses,
Shafting, Hangers, Bearings, Pulleys,
Pulley Flanges, Shaft Collars,
Shaft Couplings, Engines, Boilers,
Conveyor Chains, Etc. Etc., Etc., Etc.
SHINGLE   MILL   MACHINERY.
Look into the merits and prices of our
machinery before pJacing your orders
"JOHNSONS" IMPROVED UPR.GHT SHINGLE MACHINE.
THE SCHAAKE MACHINE WORKS, ™ ""EE
Columbia BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
15
Messrs. McKinnon & Ferguson agents for the
Oriental Power & Pulp Company, of Swanson
Bay, states that the entire output of the mills to
be erected at Swanson Bay has been contracted
for. It is contemplated that the erection of the
mill will be completed early this summer, and before fall regular shipments of paper will be made.
Active building operations are in progress at
Harrison on the site of the big lumber mill of the
Harrison River Lumber Company, which was
burned down some time ago. The new mill will
be larger than the old one. The foundation is
about completed, and as soon as finer weather prevails work will be rushed on the superstructure.
\ mill Is being erected on Malcolm Island, B.
C, !-. Kaie 'an, Kansa & Co., of the Finnish Colony. The capacity will be about 25,000 feet per
day, and there is a sufficient local demand to
keep the mill, when completed, running to its full
limit. Planing mill machinery was purchased
from Columbia Company's mill at Victoria, B. C.
Messrs. R. W. Wood and A. B. Trite, of Fernie,
B. C, bought the timber and mill property of the
Hayes Lumber Company at Elkmouth. The price
of the property is in the neighborhood of $26,000.
The business will be conducted under the name of
the Elkmouth Lumber Company. Mr. Wardrop,
of Sparwood, has been engaged as manager, and
no time will be lost in putting the business on as
sound a basis as money and ability can put it.
The Kamloops Sawmill has- changed hands,
the new owners being a concern in which the
Hon. G. E. Foster, G. W. Fowler, M. P., G. McCormick, M. P., and Wm. Irwin hold large interests. The same company have recently acquired other mill and lumber interests in the Okanagan districts and other points, and the purchase
of the Kamloops saw mill gives them control of
a considerable amount of the lumber trade in the Interior. The Kamloops saw mill was owned by the
Ashcroft Water and Electric Improvement Company. The property includes in addition to the
mill at Kamloops, B. C, logging camps, timber
Interests on Shus^ap Lake, etc. Mr. G. W. Fowler will have tho management of the saw mill,
which will for the next month or so, however, be
run by the present management. The new owners
are heavily interested in the lumber business in
other parts of the Dominion.
TENDERS RECEIVED.
Tenders were received by the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works, Victoria, B. C, on
2nd inst, for blocks of approximately 3,000 and
12,000 acres of timber lands in the Clayuquot district, Vancouver Island, but the names of the successful tenderers have not been made public at
the time we go to press.
TIMBER DUES.
The British Columbia Government, hitherto a
lenient landlord, begins to think that it has been
taken advantage ot In consequence thereof, notices were sent out to all holders of timber licences
delinquent upon stumpage and other dues, that
the same must be paid on or before the 10th inst.
When it is remembered that, according to statements furnished the Legislature when in session,
the amount of nearly $50,000 was due the Government in dues up to July last year, it is not to be
wondered that some action was necessary to recover this amount or a large proportion of it. Although two or three properties have had some little worry over the Government's action, the notice
has had the desired effect, and the Provincial
treasury has been enriched thereby.
BRITISH COLUMBIA INCORPORATIONS.
Since the publication of our last Issue the following Incorporations have been gazetted and
certificates issued:
The Vanceiiver Clear Cedar Mill Company.
Limited, with a capital of $25,000 in shares of $10
each. To acquire and carry on the business at
present being carried on at Vancouver. B. C, by
A. B. Bettes, A. C. Davidson and H. Urquhart; object to conduct a general lumber business.
The A. J. Burton S/aw Company, Limited,
with a capital of $75,000, dividrd into 750 shares
of $100 each; objects, to construct, equip, operate
and otherwise carry on the business of saw manufacturers In all Its branches.
The Pacific Coast Logging Company, Limited,
with a capital of $10,000, divided into 10,000
shares of $1.00 each; objects: To acquire and
take over the plant, machinery, horses, boats,
scows, logging donkeys and lumbering equipment
now owned and carried on by Nancy L. Higgins,
of the City of Vancouver, in the Province of British Columbia, together with the good-will, asset3,
stock-in-trade and effects of all the logging
camps of the said Nancy L. Higgins. To carry
on the business of cutting and getting out logs
and other timber, and manufacturing bolts and
other timber products, and all other business Incidental thereto.
tions of the Province.    The Hazelmere Lumber
Mill will be in full operation early in April.
EAST OF THE CASCADES.
TIMBER LICENSES ISSUED.
During the month of February 55 timber cutting licenses were issued; out of them 32 were for
renewals. The new licenses issued are thus apportioned:
New Westminster district   3
West Kootenay district    4
Kamloops    3
Coast district   8
South   East  Kootenay  district     5
23
Renewals  32
Total  55
For the same month 38 new applications for
licenses were made, 22 of them coming from the
Kootenays.
FREIGHT RATES.
Although various rumors have gone the rounds
that the Canadian Pacific Railway Company has
met the British Columbia mill men in their request
for a reduction on freight rates from this Province to Northwest, the railway company, through
Mr. Peters, assistant freight traffic manager, has
offered a cut of ten cents upon rough cedar, spruce
and hemlock, reducing these to the same rate as
fir, winch is 40 cents per one hundred pounds. Although at the present time the shipments of
rough cedar, etc.. make a very small proportion of
the average shipments, it is more than likely
that with the reduction offered, such stock will
in future form larger proportions of the shipments to the Northwest, and will, in time, be a
considerable gain to the mills in enabling them
to sell much of this which was hitherto prohibited by the extra rate. "A half loaf is better than
no bread," so the lumbermen have acceded to
the offer, which, It is expected, will take effect
at the near future.
NEW LUMBER MILL AT HAZLEMERE, B. C.
With the opening of spring renewed activity in
the lumber industry is being displayed in this
section of B. C. There are numerous logging
and lumbering camps in the vicinity of Clover-
dale, Hall's Prairie and Hazelmere, and also quite
a number of small mills in operation. The shingle
mill at Hall's Prairie, which has been shut down
during the winter, is preparing to resume work
In April, and the Hazelmere Lumber Company
have just completed the erection of a mill for the
manufacture of rough and dressed lumber, shin4
gles. etc. The machinery for this mill was sun-
plied by N. Thompson & Co., of Vancouver, B.C.,
and Is of the latest and best design. The mill is
situated right on the G. N. Railway track, about
18 miles from New Westminster and 2% from the
boundary line. A switch has been    placed in
position connecting the mill with the railroad, and
during the past few months some twenty men
have been employed In swamping and road-making for the logging camp in connection with the
mill. The manager of the new concern is Mr.
Geo. M. Thrift, and as he and the eompanv own
the property on which the mill is built, as well as
other large sections of well timbered land Immediately adjoining, there is every reason to expect
the mill to be a. financial success. The nlant and
machinery so far have run into some $4 000 or $5.-
000, and the capacity of the mill is estimated at
about 20.000 feet per day. The principal timber
on the nronerty is red and white fir, cedar and
considerable spruce and curly maple. An expert
oninion on the quality Places it as remarkably
clear and good. Mr. Geo. Thrift, who is the
heaviest Interested party in the venture is the
son of Mr. H. T. Thrift, well known throughout
British Columbia as an old-timer and pioneer,
and who. especially through his connection with
the Settlers' Association, has done yeoman's
work towards the onening up and settling of the
farming and ranching lands of this and other sec-
The   Mountain   Mills,   Their   Prospects   and   Capacity.
The prospects and conditions of the lumber
mills included in the membership of the Mountain Lumber Manufacturers' Association for the
coming season are very encouraging, as several
new mills are either now completed or will be
ready by spring. In most cases this winter has
been a fairly favorable one for logging, with the
result that the operations have been extensive.
The demand for lumber will be great but a prominent member of the Association stated that the
supply would be larger than ever. Following is a
list of the most important mills in the Mountain
Lumber Association and their capacity per day:
Feet.
Fernie Lumber Co., Fernie, B. C 40,000
Peter McLaren's Mill,  Blairmore    25,000
Elk Lumber & Mfg. Co. Fernie  35,000
Hayes  Lumber  Co.,   Elkmouth    20,000
East Kooteney Lumber Co., Jaffray, B.C..30,000
Crow's Nest Pass Lum. Co., Wardner, present capacity 60,000 feet, to be increased
this year to  120,000
Standard   Lumber   Co.,  Wyuck    35,000
East Kootenay Lumber Co., Cranbrook, two
mills 55,000
Robinson-McKenzie  Co.,   Cranbrook    35,000
King Mercantile Co., two mills   50,000
Cranbrook Sash and Door Co 15,000
North Star Lumber Co 40,000
Watts & Co '20,000
Carruthers Lumber Co 30,000
St. Mary's River Lumber Co., formerly the
Laurie Lumber Co., Ltd.,  Marysville 25,000
Marysville Lumber Co.. Ltd 25,000
Moyie Lumber Co., Moyie  50,000
East Kootenay Lumber Co., Ryan B.C 40,000
Kootenay River Lumber Co., Nelson  30,000
Porto Rico Lumber Co.. Nelson  30,000
Ontario & Slocan Lumber Co.. Nelson 50,000
J. B. Winlaw. Slocan   20,000
Cowan & Co., Trout Lake, making extensive
changes and organizing new company. W. C.
Wells Lumber Compay, Palliser, between 25,000
and 30,000 feet.
Columbia River Lumber Company with mills
at Golden, Kault, Beaver and Donald, estimated
capacity, 200,000 feet.
Eauclaire & Bow River Lumber Co., Calgary,
Alta., Big Bend Lumber Company and Arrowhead
Lumber Company, will open mills at Arrowhead
this spring with capacities of 75,000 feet each.
Kamloops Saw Mills Co., Kamloops, 60,000
feet.
Pingston Creek and Kettle River Companies
are about to commence operations at Pingston
Creek.
Besides the above there are Blue & Deschamps
at Rossland, and the Shuswap & Shingle Mill and
the Kootenay Shingle Company.
AN EASTERN SUGGESTION.
The Canada Lumberman suggests that, with a
Htttle more effort and perseverance the British
Columbia manufacturer could market a larger
quantity of lumber In the East. The scarcity of
hardwood timber Is becoming more pronounced
each year and the consumers are constantly on
the look out for suitable substitutes. The large
imnlement factories, such as the Massev-Haxris
Company at Toronto and Brantford the International Harvester Oomnapv. at Hamilton, the Frost
& Wood Company, at Smith Falls, and others,
have been laree users of hardwoods, and especially ash. The supply of ash Is now so small that
substitution Is inevitable and for mapv purposes
for which it is psed thp Doiied^s fir of Rrl.t1sh Columbia, would probably be found suitable. "It
can" s*vs the lumberman "be laid down In Ontario pViponpr than the native ash. and as fhp snn-
plv 1r well ni»b unlimited the consumers would no
doubt bp ed^d to adopt it were its characteristics
more generally known."
The Wbpeler. Osgood Co.. of Tacoma. Washington, are eetting out an entire new series of very
handsome front doors. Their latest list, with attractive illustrations, is now ont. The company
has also Instituted a denartmept ha their new
plant for the manufacturing of staved un columns
and a handsome Illustrated list announces this departure also. BRITISH COLUMBIA  LUMBERMAN
I
i  §
DOMINION
. ..x, ctatp<5           GENERAL   THE INDUSTR\
NORTHWESTERN STATES uchck	
A TEN   PER  CENT.  PREFERENCE.
Ottawa, Feb. 29.—A report from Canada's trade
agent in West Australia says thai the preference
Australia will give Canada will likely be  l" per
cent.
IMMIGRANTS   POURING   IN.
Winnipeg.   Man.,   Feb,   27.—Preparations   are
under way  by immigration    officials    to receive
three thousand immigrants here next week.     Six
special trains will be required at St. John, N. B.
NEW IMMIGRATION BUILDINGS.
Commissioner Smith, of the Immigration Department, says that the new immigration building to be erected in Winnipeg this year will cost
$20n,(i0ii. Immigration balls will also be erected
at Regina, Craik and  Davidson.
BIG
GRAIN   ELEVATOR.
Winnipeg, Feb. 21.—The Ogilvie Mills Company have let a contract for the construction
of a new grain elevator at Fort William. It is to
have a capacity of half a million bushels and to
be completed by September 1.
WINNIPEG NEWS.
Winnipeg building permits for the year Show
an advance of a hundred thousand dollars over
the same period of 1903. Forty permits have
been issued to date for building to the extent of
one hundred and forty thousand dollars.
C.   P.  R.   CONTRACT  AWARDED.
J. J. Nickson & Co., a well known contracting
firm of Vancouver, has been    awarded  a million
dollar contract by the Canadian Pacific Railway
for digging an irrigation canal near Calgary. The
work will be started in the spring and will take
two   years   to complete.    The canal is to be 20
miles long, 4o feet wide and about 32 deep. It will
run across practically  level prairie  and  parallel
the C. P. R.     Its water supply will be furnished
by the Bow  river,  and the contract is supposed
to be the initial step for the construction of 400
miles of canals proposed anl mapped out by that
company for carrying water to the great wheat
.lands adjacent to the railway  in Alberta.
The recent snowfall compelled 50 per cent, of
tho logging camps in Snohomish county to suspend operations temporarily.
During the year 1903 there were organized In
the State of Washington 136 lumber companies,
with a total capitalization of $10,548,	
The Butte Creek Prune Growers' Association.
of Scott Mills. Ore., will put in a box factory as
soon as the necessary machinery can be put in.
The Foster Lumber Company, Tacoma. Wash.,
contemplates the erection of a saw mill In the
near future. F. W. Foster and F. E, Eastman
compose the company.
The Lincoln Shingle Company, of Arlington, is
installing five Dunbar machines. The capacity
of the mill will be 150,000 daily. The Improvements will cost $4,000.
A new saw mill with a capacity of 50,000 foot
daily, is to be built at La Grande at the head of
Nesqually canyon, four miles from Eatonvllle. Attorney J. M. McMurray is back of the enterprise.
The Hackett Cold Storage Company, who lias
a large plant in course of construction at Commercial Point, will spend $40,000 in building refrigerator cars at Bellingham. Fifty refrigerator cars will be built.
M. W. Garner sold his planing mill and stock of
lumber at Dayton to the B. R. Lewis Lumber
Company. The new owners will expend $20,00 I
in the establishment of an up-to-date plan . A
new yard will be established, buildings everted
and new machinery added.
The new factory of the Wheeler Osgood Company, Tacoma, Washington, lias just completed
the installation of a complete sprinkler system
covering both floors of the main factory, the power house and all the kilns. This with the lire
hydrants—scattered at close intervals about the
entire plant—reduces their risk from fire to a
minimum.
RAIL SHIPMENTS FOR 1903.
According to figures supplied ih by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company for the past year,
there wore approximately 10.2:55 cars of lumber
and shingles shipped from B. C. points on the
main line from Vancouver to Laggan to the territories and provinces east, excluding points
south of Arrowhead and the country adjacent to
the Crow's Nest Pass lines. These figures are
thus apportioned, ton equalling 2,000 lbs.:
Tons.
Lumber 146,500
Shingles     51.100
Mixed   cars     7,100
Total.
.204,700
C. P. R. SHIPMENTS.
The shipments via the Canadian  Pacific Railway from tlie State of Washington for the years
1903 and 1902 were as follows:
Lum. Cars. Shingle Cars
1903    1902 1903 1902
January  41        60 143 41
February 25       ('•:'. 63 :'.l
March    57        77 54 56
April    63        72 55 19
May    (17      105 102 71
Juno    93      106 145 90
July    47      142 41 93
August    lit          7 53 99
September 57          4 20 7!)
October    65        74 57 415
November 39        57 63 23
December    20        56 MS 51
Total    632      82:', 834      690
F. M. Cook, of Colgate, North Dakota, is contemplating starting in the lumber business at
some point in the Northwest Territories this
coming season.
The   Monarch   Lumber   Company,   of   Blaine,
Wash., have a capacity of 100,000 feet in ten hours
with  a Bhlngle capacity of 550,000  in  ten  hours
On December 2, the record was broken In their
shingle mill, when 554,000 were cut.    The fir and
cedar logs cut in the mill come principally from
British   Columbia,   and   are  towed   from   25   to  75
miles.   The company have a spruce camp located
west of Victoria on Vancouver Island, making the
tow 110 miles.   It it is the intention to cut spruce
and   cedar  in   the  day  run   and   cut   fir  at   night.
The company will furnish a cargo of 1,900,000 feet
for South  America. Lester David  is president of
the company.
Tho Weyerhaeuser Timber Company, of Tacoma. has entered Into an arrangement with the
Bureau of Forestry, for the handling of 1,300,000
acres of timber land in the State of Washington.
Tho plan, as outlined, is to log the timberf rom
the land, following it up Immediately with reforestation under the direction of the Forestry Department. The Northern Pacific Railway Company aro working In conjunction with the Weyerhaeuser company in carrying out the plan. The
field work of the bureau will begin In thesummer,
and plans will lie immediately adopted for the
carrying on of logging operations on the lines suggested.
This is an Important step in reforestation and
should be followed by others. The extra cost, of
logging would be more than compensated for by
the increased value of the land, having a young
growth of timber on it.
By this action of the Weyerhaeuser Timber
Company the beginning of the end of the wasteful
period has begun.
<   LUMBER   SHIP   WRECKED.
The Emma Butter, ohned by F. Gee, of San
Francisco, from Cray's Harbor to San Francisco,
was blown ashore in a gab; early last month and
became a total wreck. She had on board 360,000
feet of lumber.
EUROPE'S CEDAR FORTSTS.
Several large forests of cedar trees in K
have been totally consumed by the lead pencil i
dustry, and   th''  supply  of  wood   for  the  man
tmv of lead pencils is now practically exhau     i
in the old world.
FOUR   HUNDRED    MILES   OF   TRACK   TO   BE
BUILT.
Montreal. March 7. The Canadian Pacific Rail,
way today decided to build nearly four hund I
miles of track during the coming summer in the
Northwest Territories, The Pheasant Hill branch
will be extended for two hundred miles. Brand
each twenty-five miles long will be built from
the Calgary and Edmonton line, one Btarting
from VVetaskiwln and the other from Lacon • ■
In addition tin' Areola branch will be extended to
Regina, a distance of 115 mlh s.
A   USEFUL  SOUVENIR.
The Pacific Coast Lumber Company, Limited,
of Vancouver, B, C, have issued to their friends
and customers a mosi conveniently arrari ed
pocket lumber scale., which will be found of great
service to those handling lumber, It is a veritable lightning calculator giving as it does the
number of feel in boards of from 1x2 to L4xl6
inches in lengths of from 10 to 24 feet. We fully
appreciate tie' Bouvenir both from its utility and
its artistic effect.
SEASONED OR KILN  DRIED.
Timber contains   15  per cent, of it.-  weigh!   in
moisture.    Timber  felled   in  the  winter hold    at
the end  of tie'  following summer  more than 40
pei- cent of water    Wood kept for years in a dry
place retains  1." to 2" per cent, of water, wood
that   has  been  thoroughly  kiln  dried   will,  when
exposed to the air under ordinary condition-, ab
sorb 5 i»er cent of water in three day*>, and will continue to absorb  it  until  it  reaches   11  or 15 per
cent., the amounl fluctuating above or below this
according to the state of the atmosphere,   it will
be evident from the above statements, that wood,
however dry.  is   Mill  subject   to change,  and   'hat
even  if kiln  dried,  it   require.-,  to bo  stocked   it) a
dry place until  it  settles to its natural condition
of seasoned w I.
TIMEER   COMMISSION.
The members of the Quebec Colonization Commission recently returned from  Maniwak.
left "Hull  and  travelled  by  road through Dorinn,
Wright, Kensington and    Aumond townships ana
have viewed a large extent  of country in whtcn
valuable foresl has been utterly destroyed by hre.
They report  that  tie roads    though    rough   are
passable as there Is considerable traffic upon them
The report  it will make to the Government will
bo presented at tie- next session;   A recommendation will  probably    be mad" that    the provincial
lands fit for cultivation be -el apart for colonisation  and  tie- remainder  held  88  a. forest   reserve
Upon tin' latter it will be possible to so regulate
tho  annual  cut   of  timber   that   the   forest  W< ■ din
of the country  may    be  preserved    perpetually.
This would be   done by cutting   only    the large
matured tree,    and   leaving    those    of younger
growth  to develop under the best  conditions oi
moisture and sunlight.     The matter of the drying
up of the streams by the  wholesale destructi
of th^ forest is also a matter which the commission has bad  to consider, and  in  this  respect  tne
preservation of  the  timber  growth    over    sum
ciently  proportionate    area is  the only    remedy
The section    of  the    report    of Hie    commi- ion
dealing with roads and railways lias already bee
made.
ANOTHER  SELLING COMPANY.
The Consolidated   Lumber  and   Shin^l^  Company is the name of a new jelling agency f01'10'
by  seven   different   lumber   and   shingle  cone-'-'
and representing elghl mills at. Bellingham. jvaan
The companies  included  are the  Marietta.  Ne
Ross.   Whatcom    County      Washington,     V\ Inner,
Banner and Arlington    The Ranner Shingle *">
and the two mills operated by the Arlington Shingle Company are located in Skagit county.
capitalization  is $10,000,  and all   btock is (,vv!;n
by the individual  stockholders of the list 01 IB"
given above.   Guy H. (Mark is the selling agent.
•fci BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
17
THE FIRST CALL.
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A.   J. Burton Saw Company is Now Ready to Commence   Work.
The A. J. Burton Saw Company. Limited, of
Vancouver, B. C, has received its charter and the
new company held its first meeting of directors
on Friday evening, March 4th, at the company's office.
Mr. A. J. Burton was appointed managing director and Mr. Wlkinson  'secretary-treasurer.
The secretary has been instructed to give notice of the first call upon the shareholders, to the
extent of $25 per share upon the capital at present subscribed of over $16,000. The amount is
sufficient to equip the circular saw and shingle
saw department, and instal the inserted teeth machines. The company will continue to issue stock
at par until $30,000 have been raised; this amount
i=> necessary to equip the works with the large furnaces and grinding machines for the manufacture
of band saws.
The directors desire to have the subscribed
capital paid up as quickly as possible, so that the
company can at an early date begin the installa-
•     Satetf;
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PATENTS.
Messrs. McLean and McKam, of New Westminster, have just made application for Canadian
and United States patents upon a new chiselled
tooth saw which they have invented. Mr. McKam
makes some great claims for the invention, full
particulars of which may be given later in these
columns.
THE LOGGERS' RIVAL.
Our illustration shows the Redfield Pneumatic
Logging Engine and Saw Frames at work in the
forests of Shasta county, California. For the
new device it is claimed that one of these saws
will cut through a pine tree five feet in diameter
in five minutes. When the trees have been felled
two or more of these pneumatic saws are set to
work cutting the trees into logs, and work that
ment; any inexperienced man or boy can be taught
all there is to be learned about it in 15 minutes'
and although not liable to get out of order all the
working parts are easy of access.
The engine is capable of making from 125 to
150 strokes per minute depending on the pressure
of the air used, at 60 pounds pressure It will develop 2 1-2 horse power with a corresponding increase in horse power at 70 or 80 pounds pressure. Compresed air to operate the engine and saw
can be obtained by using a steam, belt, gasoline or
electric driven compressor, or by an ordinary locomotive air pump attached to the boiler of any
logging or portable engine.
The frame as shown in the cut weighs 65
pounds, it is made of machine steel and wood, and
although light, is strong and durable .
Mr. H. B. Gilmour, of this city, is the British
Columbia agent for the new device, which will
undoubtedly find a ready sale.
MORE   INFORMATION    REGARDING   THE   INTERSTATE CEDAR SHINGLE COMPANY.
Many interesting events have recently taken
place In the shingle   and lumber   conditions on
THE    REDFIELD    PNEUMATIC   LOGGING    ENGINE
: tion of its plant, and execute the orders that are
waiting for the completion of the works.
The representatives of five American saw
works were in the city recently and one of them
returned with orders to the value of $5,000. It is
piite time that the people of this Province awoke
to the fact that the consumption of saws in British Columbia is larger than they realize, our
neighbors to the south are aware of this demand
and are reaping the benefits of the lumber industry's orders.
The A. J. Burton Saw Company deserves all
the encouragement and financial support the people of this Province can give, as it will be the
means of diverting into local hands the thousands
of dollars that now pass over the boundary to the
benefit of the United States. The manufacture of
saws is one of the best dividend earning industries in the world.
The Initial number of The British Columbia
Lumberman, published at Vancouver, B. C, has
reached our desk. It contains 24 pages and cover,
and is a creditable production, many pertinent
subjects affecting the lumbering industry of British Columbia being treated in an able manner.—
Canada Lumberman.
woodsmen could not do in three hours is pow done
in fifteen minutes.
With the use of these machines a crew of seven
men does the work which formerly required twenty-five woodmen. Eaoh gang has a traction engine which carries a compressed air reservoir.
Long rubber tubes lead from the tank to that part
of the forest where the gang is working. To the
far end of the tubes are attached the pneumatic
engines, which drive great cross cut saw.s 150
strokes a minute, while two men could only make
about thirty strokes.
This engine is especially adapted for operating
drag saws for the cutting of logs for shingles, two-
foot wood for locomotive fuel, cord wood, heavy
timbers for bridge work, and for general use in
timber and logging camps, displacing hand power
rigs now generally used. One man with one of
these machines can easily cut 10 cords of two
foot wood per day of 50,000 feet in logs, reducing
the present labor expense, at the very lowest estimate, at least 50 per cent. The engine complete
weighs but 50 pounds, being constructed almost
tirely of brass and steel tubing. The valve motion, which is an entirely new design, has no complicated valves or parts to get out of order, it
being of the most simple kind and easy of adjust-
Puget Sound, the most important of which has
been the reorganizing of the Interstate Shingle
Company. An alliance has been made between
the manufacturing and selling ends of the trade
and the Interstate Company's directorate has
been changed, admittting .seven wholesalers a3
members and changing the policy of the company
considerably. The selling of the stock will be
done through wholesale agencies, as formerly. The
Interstate Company acting as a clearing house for
the bettering of grades and the steadying influence it will have on the values.
Mr. C. E. Patten has resigned as president and
Mr. Emerson Hammer has been elected in his
place. Mr. V. H. Beckman was re-elected secretary. The general policy as to prices and methods
will be handled by an executive committee, composed of Mr. W. M. Bolcom, chairman, Henry
Carstens, Michael Earles, C. E. Patten and E. G.
Griggs. The offices of the company have been
moved to the Lumber Excchange.
In response to an inquiry by the British Columbia Lumberman as to whether or not the Interstate Company intended competing for the Northwest trade, under date of 26th ult., Manager Hill
said: "I wish to say that this company has withdrawn from the Eastern market." 18
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
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clractical 3ui\ts       g
M
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TREATMENT OF BAND RESAWS.
Band resaw.s says a writer in the Mechanic,
require essentially the same treatment as band
saws. They must be strained most near the tooth
edge. The teeth must be of a length, with a full
swaging, evenly balanced or side-dressed, to cut
a line.
Modern band resaw mills are now made with
iron wheels perfectly balanced and true, with the
face made approximately flat or slightly convex,
so that the tension of the saw may be readily adjusted to suit the face of the wheels. This condition met, it is requisite that the face of the wheel
shall be kept perfectly clean, as any adherence
of sawdust, gum, pitch or du.it, if allowed to accumulate near the base of the tooth will almost
certainly change the strain of the saw on the mill
to an extent that will cause a fracture.
Filers are agreed that the back of the saw
should show slightly convex, the amount depending
somewhat on the form of the wheels and whether
the cross line i.s used. A convexity of 1-64 of an
inch in 5 feet is considered good for band resaws,
The proper tensoning and refitting of resaws is
a more delicate process than the similar fitting
of band saws, for the resaw i.s not only much narrower, but also of much lighter guage. Thus while
the tension of a 12-inch band saw, 14 guage, may
be put in so that the main strain comes not nearer than 1 1-2 to 2 inches to the points of the teeth,
the strain and stiffness of the wide blade serves to
support and steady the teeth so that they run practically true. But in the band resaw from 4 to 6
inches wide, and from 18 to 22 guage, you must
depend entirely upon the up and down strain supporting the cutting edge, and must, therefore, tension the saw almost from edge to edge. It ks well
to make use of a small tension guage which can
be furnished to meet usual conditions, or can be
reshaped for special work if desired.
UNBALANCED PLANER   KNIVES.
How well the experienced eye can detect any
irregularity in the running of a planer, says Judd,
in the Wood-Worker, matcher or any other machine using several knives, As any veteran machine man Knows these machines must run with
little or no vibration, or they arc not running in
good order, it is my belief thai when the machine
begins to vibrate, there is generally a faulty cause
somewhere, and it should be looked into at once,
When I say at once. I don't mean by and by. If
the foundation is solid then it is evidently in the
machine.
We will take, for instance, a large double surface planer. Look at the pressure liars. Very frequently they are the cause of considerable racket.
If they are all firm and without rattle, then look
over the gearing. Perhaps there may be a tooth
or two missing, or they may have become so worn
as to slip by without meshing. Perhaps some idle
gear has become dry through negligence in oiling
of keeping of the oilways free from dirt, and it may
be grinding around on its spindle. There maybe a chip in the bearings somewhere or a knot
in the lags.
We generally look for all these faults before
we think of looking for the trouble In the cylinder or cutterhead. Why? Because it is only natural, and we don't wish to stop the machine unless
it is necessary. However, the machine stopped, we
look at the knives and find that they have been
striking the pressure bar, which has worked down
by reason of a loose check nut; not so very hard
to be sure, but enough to turn the edge so as to
necesitate changing them. We take them off and
weigh them just out of curiosity, and find them to
be of different weights. Here, then, is the fault,
and a bad one it is, too. One knife is several
ounces heavier or lighter than the other two. Have
you ever stopped to consider how much racket or
damage can be accomplished by trying to run a
planer, making 4,000 or more turns a minute, with
a set of knives not well balanced? Even if there
is no damage done by a knife bein^ thrown, the
bearings will get battered and need to he renew-
The lumber will show bad dressings, nuts and
bolts will  work loose and drop into the  blower
pipe, shavings or the machine itself, and goodi    g
only knows what will happen then if not disc
ed  in time.
We will put on another set of knives an' „.
careful to tighten every bolt hard down, for |
should mias one the chances are it would ,x
out before the other sot is ready, and planer kn ea
are expensive things. My way used to be to mi rk
with white chalk every bolt bead, after tightening; then there was no mistake. I once had
cavioii to learn a lesson from unbalanced pi r
knives, ami not until then did I realize the utmost importance of having the knives pert [y
balanced, i was tiling and on*1 of the lower kr, .s
had struck a large nail, making quite a gap i ar
the ond. so I concluded to lay it aside, as it was
well worn. I picked outanotber from a broken ,.(
of about the width wanted, and, not having any
time to attend to the matter, I stood it beside the
box containing the other five, until 1 could get
around ami grind! it to the proper weight 1 was
attending to another job and bad my mind taken
from the matter for several hours, but whin I
found a chance at la,>t, I discovered the I ■ fe
box and all were gone. I made inquiry and learned that the planer man had changed his knives
sooner than usual. 1 went down to see him anil
he told me that the machine was shakiim and
making a noise that he had not noticed before,
We stopped th.,. machine and took off the odd i | fi
and ground it to balance with the one 1 had laid
aside, then put it on and there was no more rumbling.
Another incident came to my observation
which made me the wiser afterward. In the cylinder of a rotary-bed planer wore bolts and w ushers. The cylinder was always rolled over so that
the washers would drop to the head of the bolts,
when tho knife could he slipped on and he under
the washers, then tightened down . On this occasion one of the washer.b stuck, unnoticed; the
knife was put on, tightened down, and, when all
ready, the planer started. The boards all ran thin
at that place, ami there was plenty of trouble be
fore discovered.
The pressurebar was raised but to no purpose,
and the knife was taken off. It was then known
what the trouble was, and the excuses offered were
e
HEAD    OFFICE! :     VANCOUVER,   B.  C.
SPECIALTIES
Red Cedar Bevel Siding, "•,:
and Fancy Butts,
and 17 in. Dimension
Also
The Famous
AND
Brands of Shingles
ALL CHOICE STOCK
We own and operate several mills in Washington and British Columbia, being on both sides of the "imaginary line," known as the international line, and it keeps our opponents in the trade guessing how to meet us on account of the good quality of our manufactured stock which
has been so carefully planned that even the selection of our timber lands in years past has something to do with the present.
We find our competing salesmen's story to the customers has now got to be a "song pure and simple," which they have learned from necessity to sing loudly and lustily, and is as follows: — "Just as Good as Hastings," "Just as Good as Hastings."
While we appreciate their holding our goods as models of perfection, which the high standard certainly merits, still, looking at the matter from
the customers' and consumers' standpoint, we cannot see any advantage to you in buying an imitation when the real article can be had through
our representatives, viz: —
JAMES TWITCHELL, Clinton, Ont., for Ontario.
SAMUEL  ASHFIELD, Winnipeg, Man., for Manitoba and the
North-West Territories.
SMITH, DUPLAIN & CRUMB CO., Rockford, 111,, for Illinois,
Indiana, Ohio and Wisconsin.
D.   D.   BABBITT,  Clinton, Iowa, for Minnesota and Iowa, North
of the C. & N. W. Ry.
JOHN   A.  UHLER,  Burlington, Iowa, for Iowa,  South of the
C. & N. W. Ry.
C. S. RILEY, & CO.,  Philadelphia, Pa., for Pennsylvania.
F. R. STEVENS, 18 Broadway, New York City, for New York
and New Jersey.
UNITED LUMBER CO., Springfield, Mass., for Maine, New
Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and
Connecticut.
SHEPHERD, FARMER & Co., Boston, Mass., for Maine, New
Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts and Rhode Island. BRITISH  COLUMBIA  LUMBERMAN
19
W. J. SHEPPARD, Waubaushene, Ont., President
J. Q. SCOTT, Vancouver, B. C, General Manager
Pacific Coast Lumber Company,
Ltd.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
MANUFACTURERS   OF-
Fir, Cedar and Spruce Lumber, Lath, riouldings, Turned Work, Etc.
HIGH GRADE REP CEDAR SHINGLES
CAPACITY—Saw Mill, 150,000 feet per 10 hours;   Lath Mill, 25,000 per 10 hours; Shingle Mill, 300,000 per 10 hours ; with
ample  Planing Mill and Dry Kiln Capacity to Handle our output.
PACIFIC COAST LUMBER COMPANY. LIMITED
Cedar, Fir and Spruce
CHOICEST STOCK
EDGE GRAIN CEDAR A SPECIALTY
Prompt Shipments Superior Grades
Mail Orders Respectfully Solicited
J. D. SINCLAIR
Lumber Manufacturer
■■■
VANCOUVER, B. C.
REILLY & ARNOLD
TELEPHONE   980
We have 40 millions of first-class cedar
on our limits near Vancouver, with good water
power, and will give interest in same for the
erection  of small sawmill	
We have, or can furnish you with first-
class timber limits in different parts of the
Province, and can sell to you on reasonable
terms	
VANCOUVER, 6. C.
Room 7,
311   Hastings Street,
W. J. BEAM
MANUFACTURER OF
Doors, Windows, Mouldings and finisliings
STORE G OFFICE FIXTURES
BAND SAWING, TURNING, Etc.
Rough and Dressed Lumber
DEALER
IN   . . .
Write or call for Estimates to
?£' *£%£?.E:      Vancouver, B. C.
British Columbia Cedar Shingles
HAVE A WORLD-WIDE REPUTATION
You Want None but the Best
Then Place Your Orders With.
JOSEPH CHEW
SHINGLE   MANUFACTURER
Vancouver,  British Columbia I!
f
20
BRITISH  COLUMBIA  LUMBERMAN
Syracuse Smelting Works
There may be hot fighting in the U. S. battleship Nebraska No. 14, but there won t be any
boxes; they are lined with the Syracuse Smelting Works'  Babbit  Metal and  no manufacturer
experience any trouble with  their   machinery as  long as  they  use the Syracuse Smelting Wo,
Babbit Metal.   We have a reputation of 22 years' standing for the best quality.    Our metal is u
throughout the United States, Canada and all civilized countries.
ot
ill
ks'
ed
TESTIMONIALS
READ THIS CAREFULLY AND  SEE  WHAT OUR  CUSTOMERS  HAVE TO  SAY.
Verdon, Man., July 18, 193.
Gentlemen,—The Babbitt Metal we purchased
from your firm has given us perfect satisfaction
and we have much pleasure in recommending it
to customers who are desirous of getting a good
grade of metal. Yours truly,
Manitoba Hardware &  Lumber Company.,
Per C. E. P.
that same has given us all the satisfaction desired.
We are also pleased to take occasion to thank
you for the kind attention with which we have
always met when dealing with your firm and beg
to assure you that same i.s fully appreciated.
Yours truly,
La  Fonderie  De Plessisville,
Jos. J. Bouchard, Gerant.
Sandy Hill, N. Y., July 17, 1903.
Syracuse Smelting Works, No. 94 Gold St., New
York City:
Gentlemen,—We understand that you are to
locate a smelting works in Seattle, Wash., and
wish to express to you our pleasure in noting that
your business is expanding in so many ways that
you find it necessary to locate a new plant in the
Western country. We wish you every success in
your new venture, which you deserve to have from
the fact that the metal which you have furnished
us has proven so thoroughly satisfactory, and always up to your guarantee. We also found your
rices to be as low as the market rate for pig
etals would permit.
We would be pleased to commend your metals
to any parties who might wish to write us concerning the same.
Wishing you again the best of success, we re
ain yours very truly,
The Sandy HHI Iron and Brass Works,
Per R. C. Teft, Sec'y.
Springfield, Mass., U. S. A., July 20, 1903.
Syracuse Smelting Works, 94 Gold St., New York:
Gentlemen:   We have   used your Genuine Babbitt, and have been satisfied with it in every particular.    We can recommend it very highly.
Yours truly.
Confectioners' Machinery & Mfg. Company,
G. C. Baldwin, Jr., Sec'y.
Sandy Hill, N. Y.( May 27, 1903.
To Whom it May Concern:
We have been using the special Babbitt furnished by the Syracuse Smelting Works for a number
of years. It has given us first rate satisfaction, so
much so that we continue its use, which i s'lffl
cient evidence that we are pleased with the goodB,
Yours truly,
Allen Bros. Company.,
Ugareue C. Allen, Bec'y,
Dictated.
Chicoutimi, Que., 9th September, 1903.
Syracuse Smelting Works, Montreal:
Dear Sirs,—Referring to the quality of your
Babbitt metals, we have much pleasure in stating that for the past five or six years we have sold
entirely your brands, and so far have not received any complaints from any of our customers, amT
everyone seems to be perfectly well satisfied with
the quality of your metals, as wo are receiving
repeat orders from our different customers asking
for your brands. Yours truly,
Cote, Boivin & Cie.
Toronto, Ont., July 13th,   1903.
Messrs.  Syracuse  Smelting  Works,  Montreal:
Dear Sirs, Replying to your Inquiry, we have
much pleasure in stating that we have used the
Babbitt metal you have supplied us with for the
last few years has been very satisfactory. We
have not found a metal at the same price which
can equal yours.    Yours truly,
The Pendrith Machinery Co.,
Per. Geo. Pendrith, Manager.
Woodstock, N. B., September 8, 1903.
essrs. The Syracuse Smelting Works   Montreal,
P. Q.:
Gentlemen,—It gives us very great pleasure indeed to add our testimonial to the many which
you have already deservedly received as to the
good qualities of your Babbitt Metal.
As you know we have been using it for a long
time and we have never had occasion to complain
either of its quality or its efficiency.
Its durability and especially its uniformity make
it in our estimation par excellence the babbitt.
In a lengthy experience we have naturally used
quite a number of different makers' metals, and
we unhesitatingly state that none of them gave
the satisfaction yours does.
We take this opportunity to congratulate you
on your skill in mixing and your great care in
securing such excellent results and we strongly
recommend all machinists who desire the best results to get the very best Babbitt and that in our
opinion is the Syracuse Smelting Works. Yours
very truly,
Alex. Dunbar & Sons,
Per J. D. C.
Grand Forks, B. C, Sept. 17, 1903.
Syracuse Smelting Works, Montreal, P. Q.:
Gentlemen,—We received your last .shipment
and must say that your Babbitt gives the best of
satisfaction both for our own use and for saw
mills and mines, which we have supplied already.
Since using your phosphor tin we would not
be without it in the foundry, and highly recommend it.   Yours truly,
Brown &  McKie,
Per John McKie.
Tho Syracuse Smelting Works:
Gentlemon,—In re-ply to yours of the 7th would
say that tho Babbitt Metal wo have been pur
chasing from you for years past has given perfect
satisfaction. We have made yours our choice af
ter using several other makes of Babbitt and find
by experience that we are justified in our choice
and would recommend it highly to any intending
purchaser. King   Bros.,
Founders and Machinists, Dresden, out.
Plessisville, P. Q., 14th July, 1903.
Syracuse Smelting Co., Montreal.
Dear Sirs: Referring to your favors 9th inst,
we beg to say that for about eighteen months we
have used your Babbitt metal    exclusively,   and
Montreal, Canada, July 10, 1903.
Syracuse  Smetling   Works,    Williams    and    St.
Thomas St., Montreal:
Gentlemen,—We are pleased to say that we
have been using a considerable quantity of your
Babbitt metal during the past two years and find
that it has given entire satisfaction in our works.
Wo would be glad to recommend it to any one
requiring a good Babbitt.   We remain, yours truly,
Montreal Engine Works,
Per W. H. Chenery.
Liverpool, N. S., July 17  1903.
Syracuse Smelting Works, Montreal:
Gentlemen,—We wish to make you know the
fact that we have used your Babbitt metal for a
number of years, and find it exactly as represented, giving satisfaction in every respect. Yours
very truly,
Thompson  Bros.
Dorchester, N. B., Sept. 16, 1903.
Messrs. Syracuse Smelting Works, Montreal. P.Q.:
Gentlemen.—We have for the past two year?
used your Babbitt Metal in our copper mil! here.
where we grind up and mill many tons of rock
per week, consequently create a great deal of dust
and grit and consider any metal that will wear
with us is all right. It Is perfectly Impossible
to keep all bearings well protected from dust, so
we consider your metal has had a good test and
comes out satisfactory.
Yours very truly,
International Copper Company,
A. W. Chapman, L. Manager.
C.ronnwood. B. C, July 14th, 1903.
The Syracuse Smelting Works, Montreal. Canada:
Gentlemen,—We are pleased to learn thai v°u
contemplate starting a plant at the Coast for the
manufacture of Babbitt metal, and in this connection, would cheerfully recommend the use of your
production to consumers.
Wo have been using your Aluminum Babbitt
at our smelting works for the past two year   and
have found it satisfactory in every respect.
Wishing you success we are
YourR very truly,
The British Columbia Copper Co., Ltd.,
Frederick Keffer, Mgr.
WE WILL MAIL YOU A LEATHER-COVERED MATCH BOX AND CIGAR CUTTER FOR THE ASKING.
SYRACUSE   SMELTING   WORKS
SEATTLE, WASH.; NEW YORK, N. Y., U. S. A,
MONTREAL. CANADA
L_ BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
21
very profuse, Indeed. Well, the knife had become
sprung somewhat, as the shavings had wedged in
the shape very hard, so hard that it required a
twelve-inch monkey wrench and a piece of steam
pipe in order to loosen the nuts on either side.
After replacing the knife properly and tightening
down very hard at that particular place, there
was no further trouble.
Speaking of gears running dry, I will mention a
case which caused a long delay and some expense,
just when business was rushing. It was a planer
with clutch feed and chain sprockets for turning the rolls. The large sprocket was pressing
on the protruding bushing of a 3 1-2-inch associate gear, and both turned on a spindle, which was
bolted to the frame. It was this small 3 1-2-inch
gear which caused all the trouble. For some
hours there were signs of "quitting" on the part
of the feed, and the machine was stopped and looked over, oiled and started up again. When the
feed was thrown in there was a tug at the chain.
The clutch refused to slip and every tooth on the
gear was broken off. ,
The sprocket, gear and spindle were detached
and taken to the machine shop, and when the gear,
with its bushing, was driven from the sprocket,
the oilway was found plugged hard. On driving
the spindle from the gear it was found so dry
that powder had formed and the oil channel had
to be cut free with a cold chisel. All this trouble
was caused by not keeping a plug in the oil hole
as directed. The hole was in the edge of a flanged nut (which screwed into the end of the spindle, thereby keeping the sprocket and gear in
place), and led down through the spindle to the
center of the bushing. When this had been cleaned out and rubbed well with emery cloth and the
new gear put on, it was well oiled and put in position again (after nine hours' wait), and ran as
slick as ever. There was special attention given
to plugging oil holes after that, and wooden pins
took the place of dirt.
As long as I am on the subject of planers, I
may as well add that there are too many men running these machines who do not understand them.
Nay, more, they can not even speak the English
language clearly, and they understand it less. Why
a foreman or an employer will put such a man on
a large machine and bear the responsibility is
more than I can understand, unles it is to save the
wage expenses. They get such men for $8 and $9
per week, and say, "He will do, but keep an eye
on him." Ah, but it is not what he does when an
eye is on him; it's what he does when an eye is
not on him. He forgets instructions, overlooks
important details, i3 slow to comprehend and looks
forward to 6 o'clock. When any little trouble occurs he runs to the foreman to get it fixed, or he
may attempt to fix it himself, and generally has
it "fixed" before he tells the foreman that there
is .something the matter with the planer. Does it
pay to hire such men for important places? Experience has taught that the man who is master
of his machine is a paying investment. He both*
ers nobody and generally sees that nobody bothers him. He also realizes that by keeping his machine in the best possible condition he is saving
himself a great deal of possible trouble, and is
increasing his worth to his employer.
ALLEN'S
PRESS CLIPPING BUREAU.
OFFICES:
McKay Building, Portland, Oregon.
230 California Street, San Francisco, Cal.
223 West Second Street, Los Angeles, Cal.
Telephone Ore. Main 565.
A. SINCLAIR
MANUFACTURER OF
RED CEDAR LUMBER
CUT EDGE GRAIN
Mills at False Creek, Vancouver, B. C.
SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO FACTORY ORDERS
ttlraftf' ©atkring
FOR MEN'S
Suits to Order or Ready-to-Wear.
J. DANAHER & CO.,
Fairfield Block, Granville Street
-OPPOSITE POST OFFICE-
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Mail orders promptly attended to.    Samples and
Self-Measurement Blanks sent on application . . . ■•   ■■■■-..- - .'
•
>i ;
22
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
TATUM & BOWEN
1
34-36 Fremont St., SAN FRANCISGO
29-35 First St., PORTLAND
PACIFIC   COAST  AGENTS   FOR
110-112 Jackson St., SEATTLE
AMERICAN WOOD WORKING MACHINERY CO.
COMPRISING
F. H. Clement Co.
Glen Cove Mach. Co., Limited
Hoyt & Bro. Co.
The Levi Houston Co.
Globe Machine Co-
Lehman Machine Co.
Milwaukee Sander Mfg. Co.
C. B. Rogers & Co.
Rowley & Hermance Co.
Williamsport  Mach. Co.
Young Bros.   Co.
AND   MANUFACTURING   THE
Most Extensive Line of Modem Woodworking Midlines in The World
R. HOE & CO.'S Chisel Tooth Saws, Shanks and Bits
ALBANY   GREASE
The same we have sold 27 years
FRICTIONLESS   METAL
We guarantee satisfaction wherever it is put
OUR   SUPPLY   LINE   IS   WELL  SELECTED   AND   VERY   COMPLETE
Plans and Specifications for Power and Mill Plants of any Description.
Genuine  Scotch  Gauge Glasses
We Import them
LEADER   INJECTOR
Simple und sure
Rubber and Leather Belts, Brass Goods, Packings
WASHINGTON
ngines
Embody the latest improvements suggested by practical loggers.    They are
strongest and most durable,  requiring least attention and fewest repairs.
BUILT IN ALL SIZES, SINGLE, DOUBLE AND TRIPLE DRUMS
Patent steam friction, Turner's patents, and our new lock lever friction devices. Over 750 Engines now in use in Washington, Oregon, California, British Columbia, Alaska, Nicaragua and the
Philippines.      Write  us  your  requirements and  we will send complete specifications and prices.
Washington Iron Works Go
.  WASH. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
23
BY PRODUCTS.
The following interesting paper, upon a subject of great importance to mill men, was read by
Mr. William Graywon, jr., at the recent meeting
of tho Southern Lumber Manufacturers' Association at St. Louis: —
It la safe to say that in none of the great industries is there so large a proportion of waste
product as in the present manufacture of lumber
in the South.   Estimates as to the amount of this
waste differ widely.     One   authority makes the
statement that a mill cutting one hundred thousand feet per day will have an output of one hundred thousand pounds of waste material.    Others
claim that from twelve to fifteen per cent, of the
entire log cannot be utilized at the present time.
It should bo remembered, too, that    this    waste
causes the most serious inconvenience with which
the producer has to contend.   The transportation
of it to an available market on account   of   its
bulkiness  is  almost  impossible.   Therefore    the
producer uses what is necessary for   fuel     and
throws away or burns the remaining portion.    In
this matter we are following directly in the footsteps of the lumber manufacturers of the North.
As long as white pine stumpage was cheap and
the output of that lumber at its zenith the manufacturers gave their entire attention to the making of lumber, but now that their output is declining particular attention is being given to the utilization of a tremendous waste which has been going on for several decades.   During the last few
years particular attention has been given to the
erection  of  plants  for  saving  practically  everything in the log.   In view of these facts it is most
desirable that the Southern manufacturer take advantage of these new methods.    As an illustration,
take the State of Michigan, where you will find
in nearly every large town, where the opportunity
has presented itself, there is some sort of an industry for utilizing waste.     In  some  cases  the
material is cut especially for the    purpose    for
which it is to be used and a nice profit is shown
by this careful manipulation.    Sometime since I
had the privilege of visiting a factory in    that
, state, where slabs, sawdust and other waste material  is  converted   into  washtubs,  buckets,  etc.
Tho method employed by this firm is a very simple one.   After the wood has been converted into
a pulp it is run into a large press similar to a
hydraulic brick machine, the particular form of
the mould varying with the desired object. These
buckets, tubs, etc., are then put in a dry kiln and
thoroughly seasoned, after which they are treated
by a shellacing method to make them waterproof.
The manager of this plant gave the cost of the
raw material at $6.50 per cord, and I have reason
to know that the plant is run continuously at a
satisfactory profit.   I also visited a wood distillery where acetate of lime, alcohol and charcoal
are manufactured from cord wood bought in car
lots.    The  superintendent of  this   plant  assured
me that he had no trouble in disposing of   his
products, and that he could readily sell more alcohol than the plant could manufacture.      It is
argued   by   some   lumbermen  that   the   northern
woods can be utilized for such purposes, but that
southern pine cannot be utilized.   I claim    that
both short and long leaf yellow pine waste can
be utilized profitably and that the time is not far
off when the South will be manufacturing different articles from mill waste in large quantities.
In the latter part of 190:? Ernest G. Sicard published a pamphlet on Turpentine, past present and
future, in which he claims that Dr. Bilfinger has
Invented a process for the utilizing of dry pine
knots and stumps in the manufacture of valuable
products.    He states  that from one  cord  of fat
pine there may be secured in thirty-six hours by
destructive  distillation  twenty-five  to  forty gallons of No. 1 turpentine, fifteen to twenty gallons
of No. 2 turpentine, thirty gallons of tar, fifteen
gallons  of   creosote  and   twenty-five  bushels  of
charcoal.     During  the  past year  eleven  plants
using this method have been erected and are all
in succesful operation. Unfortunately this method
Is patented, and Mr. Sicard says, "The proof of
the pudding is the eating thereof."   Nevertheless
this method is worth careful investigation.   The
old method of extracting turpentine is much    in
; vogue and is thoroughly understood by most of
khose present.
Within the last year there has been erected at
lOrange, Texas, a plant for converting yellow
brine sawdust and planing mill chips into paper.
IWe all understand, of course, that paper consists
lof cellulose fibres matted or felted into a coherent sheet. The soda ash process, as it Is known,
^is used at this experimental plant, which has an
output of five tons per day. The yellow pine
chips    are    treated in upright digesters with a
caustic soda liquor and boiled about ten hours
under pressure that reduces the wood to a soft
mass, which is afterwards washed several times
to recover as much of the soda ash as possible.
This soft woody mass is then put through a
rolling machine which makes it an endless belt
of paper. The northern manufacturer of paper
pays anywhere from $6.50 to $8.00 per cord for
the raw material and still makes a profit. In a
general way it can be said that the price of wood
pulp is considerably above $10.00 per ton. Of
course, we cannot expect to manufacture the
very highest grade of paper from yellow pine, but
I believe that as this industry progresses a good
profit can be secured from the manufacture of
wrapping paper. Very recently the Hon. S. N.
Parent, Prime Minister of Canada, in his argument before the Legislative Assembly of Quebec,
spoke particularly of this paper mill at Orange,
Texas, and said that the Southern states would
be able to do without northern paper in the very
near future, wood pulp having a value of $12.00
per ton, and that in this way an immense market
will be lost for the northern pulp wood. I cite
this example simply to show what is thought of
it by the northern manufacturers.
The destructive distillation of yellow pine
wood has been thoroughly investigated by many
chemists, with satisfactory results, and it may be
well to go briefly into details of the different
methods now in use.
In Manchester, England, I saw a very original
idea at one of the distilleries. They used an endless chain which carried sawdust over wrought
iron plates a distance of about twenty feet, which
were heated from beneath by a coal fire. This
heating caused most of the moisture to pass off.
When the sawdust reached the end of the run
it was dumped into a trough through which was
passing another endless chain that carried the
dried material through a closed furnace when it
was completely distilled. The distillate was
then redistilled, and the different by-products recovered. The charcoal was bagged and sent to
the market.
I visited a plant in Michigan where they
bought cordwood in carload lots and distilled the
whole piece without breaking it. In this way
long pieces of charcoal were secured.
The chief by-product that all distilleries work
for is wood or methyl alcohol.
Our Consul-General at Frankfort, Germany, in
a recent report, stated that a Norwegian chemist
has discovered a new and cheap process for making alcohol from sawdust. Sawdust is treated
under pressure with diluted sulphuric acid, by
which the cellulose is transformed into sugar,
which, by adding fermentation producers is converted into alcohol in the old manner and then
distilled. One hundred kilograms (220.46 pounds)
of sawdust yield from six to seven kilograms
(13.2 to 15.4 pounds) of alcohol. Valuable products are methyl alcohol and acetic acid. While
in Norway 100 kilograms of potato alcohol cost
$10.50, the price of sawdust alcohol is only $6.50.
I understand that a company has been formed
in Chicago to promote a newly patented process
known as the Classen Process. They claim to
produce methyl alcohol from wood waste by converting the cellulose of the wood into sugar, then
ferment the sugar with yeast, thereby producing
alcohol.
The owners of these patents also claim to be
able to produce turpentine during the same operation. If this is correct the invention should be a
great success. It is also said that several northern manufacturers are erecting plants to use this
process, but as yet there has been no report of
their completion.
The Germans are now manufacturing a tile
from sawdust and Portland cement. The finished
product is light and nails .can be driven through
it without splitting, which is considered a great
point in its favor. Any number of uses have
been made of sawdust, especially in the manufacture of oxalic acid. Ninety per cent, of the
oxalic acid manufactured today is from sawdust.
I have endeavored in this brief paper to mention the most important methods by which the
lumbermen can utilize their waste. Many of the
best and most economical of these methods are
patented. We cannot expect something for
nothing, but I honestly believe that the progress
of utilization of wood waste has been greatly impeded by the cost of installing such a plant under
these new methods. Nine out of ten lumbermen
will listen to a discussion regarding the uses
of sawdust, and then ask, "What is to be done?"
Simply this: The Southern Lumber Manufacturers' Association should appoint a committee to
report to the secretary at Intervals of the progress made along these lines, and thus keep each
member of this association interested in this subject who would appreciate anything that was
done to further it.
AUSTRALIAN HARDWOODS.
With the confident belief that there is a good
market for Australian hardwoods in Canada,
Messrs. Allan, Taylor & Co., of Pyrmont, Sydney,
N. S. W., one of the largest exporters of hardwood
in Australia, has sent a representative to Vancouver, B. C, in the person of Mr. J. Fyfe Smith,
a gentleman who comes with the highest recommendations from Sydney. Mr. Smith will make
Vancouver his home, and will establish an office in
this city. With a wide experience in the hardwoods of Australia and their uses, from the raw
material to the finished article, Mr. Smith is well
qualified to speak intelligently upon the various
woods of his country.
His agency will handle the following woods
here: Black butt, tallow wood, mahogany, blue
gum, grey gum, box. iron bark, colonial teak, turpentine, rosewood, black wood, white beach,
brown beach and silky oak.
Speaking of the turpentine tree, Mr. Smith
believes there should be a very extensive market
on this coast for its use as piles, as he says the
wood is practically teredo   proof.       Piles from
WANTED AND FOR SALE
Advertisments will be inserted in this department
at the rate of io cents per line for each insertion, payable in advance,
FOR SALE.— Small Sawmill Plant, capable of
turning out about 5,000 feet per day ; in perfect condition ; cheap for cash. Apply "Sawmill," c/o B. C.
Lumberman.
WANTED —First-Class Cedar Logs. Apply at
Mill No. 2, Hastings Shingle Manufacturing Company,
Vancouver, B. C.
LOGS WANTED—Wanted to buy cedar, Aland spruce logs taken off Crown granted lands
Apply to J. S. Emerson, Vancouver.
WANTED PORTABLE SAW MILL—A portable saw mill having a capacity of from 7 to 10 M.
per day. Address, room 12, Inns of Court Build-
tag. ___ ___	
WANTED—Partner with about $5,000 to engage in
mill business with advertiser, who has an unlimited
supply of logs within a few miles of Vancouver. Address, Partner, c/o B. C. Lumberman.
SHINGLE BOLTS—We are prepared to contract for a large quantity of shingle bolts for next
year's delivery, for which we will pay good
prices. None but perfectly reliable parties, who
either own or can purchase their own timber and
camp outfit need apply. WOODS & SPICER,
Vancouver, B. C.	
FOR SALE—CEDAR—I have for sale for $2,500
one of the best cedar timber claims in the Coast
district—640 acre*., well situated on the edge of
salt water deep, well sheltered bay for booming
logs. Will cut from ten to twelve million feet of
first class cedar. For particulars apply to S. Gintz
burger, real estate and financial agent, Vancou
ver. B. C.
C. H. YOGEL
ENGINEER
(A. M. Can. Soc. C. E.) OTTAWA, CANADA
Surveys, Plans, Specifications and Supervision
WATER POWER
Paper,   Pulp and Sulphite Fibre  Mills
RENTS COLLECTED
EXPERIENCED VALUATOR
W. T. FARRELL
GENERAL   AGENT,   REAL   ESTATE   AND
INSURANCE   BROKER
Timber Lands, Farms, Business & Residential City Property
...FOR SALE...
Special Attention Given to Selling and Renting House and Store Property
Room 17, Fairfield Bldg., 433 Granville St, Vanoouver. ;
i :• I
i
\ '! r
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
this tree have been in use for many years in the
seaport towns of Australia, and without any
dressing or preparation whatever, show absolutely no signs of damage by the teredo. The cost,
f.o.b. Sydney, is given at 36 cents per lineal foot
up to fifty feet in length.
An instance of the utility of these turpentine
piles is conveyed by recent experience at the
marine suburb of Pyrmont, where a bridge, connecting that town with Sydney, was being demolished by order of the Government, and the
old turpentine piles, which had been in use lor
70 years, are being used again in the construction
of one of the Government wharves. Captain Hemming, C. E., a recent visitor to Vancouver, a few
days ago informed a prominent C. P .11. official
that he is building a wharf at Pinkenba, N.S.W.,
with turpentine piles, which he will guarantee to
last 100 years.
Of the following hardwoods suitable for export
the following claims are made:
White beech: Close grained, not liable to
shrink or warp when seasoned. Highly valued
for decks of vessels, flooring of verandahs, carvings, wood-engravings, etc. One of the most useful  and best  indigenous timbers.
Grey gum: Timber resembles grey iron bark.
It is hard, heavy, tough, strong and durable. Used
for poles and shafts of carriages, spokes of
wheels, railway sleepers, paving blocks, posts, felloes, etc.
Grey box: Timber is heavy, hard, close grained, tough and durable. Used for naves of wheels
mauls, handles, shafts of drays, railway carriage
building, etc. It is considered to be an excellent
timber.
Native teak: Timber hard, heavy, close-grained, tough and durable, in and out of the ground.
Suitable for well-slabbing (as it does not discolor
the water), gearing wheels, etc.
Tallow wood: Timber is strong, hard and
durable, and of a greasy nature (as its local name
implies). Used for boat-building, flooring boards
and general building purposes, paving-blocks, etc.
Not liable to shrink. Specially valuable tor ballroom flooring. ,  ,
Iron bark: Timber is highly esteemed lor
strength and durability. Much used for large
beams, girders, sleepers, dray poles, spokes and
other purposes in which timber of great strength
and durability is required.
Silky oak: Timber is strong, durable, elastic
and easily split. Much used for staves and the
finer kinds of cooper's work, bedroom furniture,
picture frames, etc.
Red bean: Timber is red, strong, close-grained and durable. Used for building purpose-,, cabinet and fancy work, furniture, piano frames, etc.
Black wood: Timber is firm, elastic and durable (free from sap-wood). Used for staves and
tool handles, and considered to be very suitable
for wood-engravings,  turnery,  cabinet work,  etc.
Spotted gum: Timber is strong, coarse-grained, elastic and durable free from sap wood). Used
for shipbuilding, naves of wheels, cart and buggy
shafts, street paving-blocks, too 1 handles and
buildings.
Black butt: Timber is strong, sound, heavy,
hard and durable. Largely used and highly esteemed for house carpentry, shipbuilding, bridge
planking, paving-blocks, etc. Suitable for export
for railway sleepers and car-building.
Red mahogany: Timber is tough and durable.
Used for staves of casks, shingles, palings, rails,
rough buildings  and paving blocks.
Rosewood: Timber is rose-centered, red,
strong, close grained and durable. Much valued
for furniture-making, shipbuilding, turnery, carving, wood-engraving, indoor work, house blocks,
etc.
Blue gum: Timber is light red, strong ;
durable. Used for wheelwright work, fell,,
lifmsehuijding,   paiViujg-blocks,   shipbuilding,   .
WASHINGTON'S   LUMBER   RECORD.
Washington  leads  all   the  Western   State
the output   of lumber, exceeding Oregon by
billion feet and Idaho by 2,133,000,000 feet
annual number of the  West.    Coast    and    [•■   ,[
Sound Lumberman contains the following lum   r
statistics which   may  lie considered  reliable:
For the State of Washington, the number of
mills is given as follows: Saw mills, 312; shin ,•
mills, 310; combined saw and shingle mills, 142;
total. 764. There are 129 other wood won ig
establishments,
The entire cut of lumber in Washington is
something over 2,200,000,000, but this report is
reached by figures returned by 216 saw mills out
of a total of 454 mills.
Here is given the approximate cut of the     1
erent states:
Suite. Feet.
Washington    2,200,m>e,t)00
Oregon   1,200,0 DO
California      700,000,000
Idaho        67. 000
Montana      l"o, ,uno
Comparative figures showing the number of
carloads shipped from Washington mills, exclusive of cargoes, are given for 1892, 181)7 ami 1900
to   1903  consecutively:
Lbr. Shingles
1802    6,760     6 341
1897    7,7f)8    17,640
limn   19,042..23,536
1901 24.401    -.251
1902 37,504   32,377
1903 42,350   36,014
OPINIONS  OF  THE  PRESS
The Lumberman, published at Vancouver, will
of material interest to the lumber industry of
e Province.—Prospector, Fort Steele, B. 0.
ing of American rough lumber on the duty
list.—Fernie Free Press.
free
The latest addition to the journalistic field is
e B. C. Lumberman, a monthly journal published
Vancouver. As the name imples the new pais especially devoted to the lumbering indus-
of the Province, but from the newsy appear-
e of the first edition the Lumberman would
e a welcome visitor anywhere. It fills a long
want for a rapidly increasing and leading in-
try  in  British  Columbia.—Standard,  Sandon,
C.
The first issue of the Lumberman, a paper-
devoted to the industry named, and published in
Vancouver, reached us last week. A very creditable production, and one which should supply
a decided want in coast journalism.—Cumberland
News.
The Times has received a copy of the British
Columbia Lumberman, a new journal published
in Vancouver. The salutary leader describes the
purpose of the lumberman as follows: "In undertaking the publication of the British Columbia
Lumberman, it is with the feeling that the sawmill and shingle men, the dealers and the lumber trade generally will be materially benefitted.
Hitherto there has been no such publication, and
the trade has felt keenly the need of a journal
devoted exclusively to its interests. To provide this much needed medium is the mission of
the British Columbia Lumberman.—Victoria
Times.
needs of every branch of the lumber trade. It
contains well written editorials dealing with the
lumber situation in the province, provincial lumber news and a great deal of general matter of
interest to lumbermen and should supply a want
that must have been felt by our sawmill and
shingle men aud the lumber trade generally.—
Vernon News.
A  journal
of  B.  ('.  and
Lumberman,
of publication
The first number of the British Columbia
Lumberman, printed at Vancouver, is to hand. It
is a monthly magazine devoted to the lumber industry of the Province and is the first of its kind.
The first article contains a strong article denouncing the handicap placed on the lumber industry by the recent assessment bill and the plac-
The first number of the British Columbia Lumberman has just reached this office. The publication is issued in the interests of the lumber trade
generally, and if it keeps up to its present standard will undoubtedly be appreciated by the trade.
—Golden Star, Golden, B. C.
devoted exclusively to the lumber
its interests, the British Columbia
has just been issued. Its place
is Vancouver, and tho first issue
is made to coincide with the first month of the
year. There is no question that a very good
field for such a publication exists in British Columbia, and the new arrival makes a very m>od
beginning in filling the proverbial "long fdt
want" of the lumber fraternity.—Cranbrook Her
aid.
The first number of the British Columbia Lumberman which has just reached us is a handsome
twenty-four   odd   page   monthly   devoted   to   the
The British Columbia Lumberman, published
at Vancouver, B. C, with I). Todd Lees as business manager, is the latest additions to the lumber journals of the Pacific Coast. The initial
number is splendidly gotten up, and The Timber
man extends its best wishes for its unqualified
success.    Oregon Timberman.
Wood, Vallance & Legqat, Ltd.
HASTINGS  ST.
VANCOUVER,    B.   C.
CORDOVA   ST.
WH01ESAIE HARDWARE & SHIP CHANDjjRY
sole agents for   Ry|and Brothers' World-Famous Wire Rope
e-xfcs^^n,    r. h. Smith's 'Simmond's Pat. Shingle Saws'
t
X     Mail Orders a Specialty Prices Right Send us a Trial Order    j BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
VANCOUVER ENGINEERING WORKS
ENGINEERS
SAW MILL MACHINERY
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Boilers,
Pumps,
Shafting,
Engines,
Pulleys,
Conveyors.
t
$
¥'
*•
'Jl*.",*^-
LOGGING ENGINES
9 x IO Single and Double Drum
Yarding Engines.
10 x IS Double Drum Roadlng
Engines.
Agents for "leschen's" Patent fireen
Strand legging Rope.
EVERYTHING FOR SAW MILL TRADE.
Works: Heatley Avenue
...VANCOUVER, B. C.
PORTLAND
CORDAGE
COMPANY
PRICES—We quote you Cordage, subject to change without
notice, at the following basis prices f. o, b. factory:
Pure Manilla 13 'Ac
Standard Manilla 12^c
See New Catalogue, Folio 8.
Sisal  lO^c
See New Catalogue, Folio 20.
Tarred Am. Hemp
Marline, Ratline 11 %c
See New Catalogue, Folio 27.
Lath Yarn   double or single... 9}4c
See New Catalogue, Folio 23.
Terms—Sixty days ; cash discount, 2 per cent.
INVOICE DISCOUNTS.
2000-lb. invoices 2 per cent
5000-lb. invoices 3 per cent
10000-lb. invoices 5 per cent
Car Loads, Special.
PORTLAND,
OREGON
^VVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVV^VVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVV^^V^MV^^^^^^AAA^^^^^^^AAA^^^AAAA^A^^^A^^^^AA^A^A^AAAA^^^A

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