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British Columbia Lumberman Apr 30, 1904

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 »riti6b Columbia lumberman
PUBLISHED EVERY MONTH
D.  TODD LEESi   -   -   -   -   Business Manage!
result, and that by next issue we will be enabled
to give a full report of the progress of the industry for the current month.
Office. Room 2, Pender Block. Granville Street, Vancouver, B. C.
___ Telephone 1196 P. O. Drawer 928 PROTECTION OF THE FORESTS.
TV.kms of Subscription (Payable in Advance) Through the kindness of Mr. R. H. Campbell,
One year. Canada or the United States $100 t?__ _.        a     „  •  i.-~
One year, Foreign Countries  i 50 Secretary of the Canadian forestry Association,
Advertising Rate^onjApplication  we arc enabled to publish a brief summary of the
Correspondence bearing upon any phase of the lumber industry proceedings of the Fifth Annual Meeting of that
fr'nvTtiTtefU"yack"°W   gCd' a"d dl8CU88l°n UP°" trade subject8 Association, held last month in   Toronto.     The
To our AovBRTisBRs-The British Columbia Lumberman various subjects dealt with in that report will be
has a guaranteed circulation of 2,000 copies,   it will be found m found 0{ cjeep interest to every one engaged in
everv mill, lumber manufactory, logging camp, etc., in the rro\mce i                                             j                     a   o
and Puget Sound, besides all dealers inlumber in.thei Northwest and t|ie iunlDcr industry.     Among other things dealt
Canada generally.    To lumber manufacturers, lumber dealers and
machinery makers no better medium has ever been offered in the with   by  the  president,  Mr.   Hiram  Robinson,  Was
West.
z~~===z.   .               .                                     — one of especial importance, viz., the advisability
Uf I'ersons corresponding with, advertisers in the liriiish «•        .   i         •     .
Columbia Lumberman will confet a favoi by giving the journal of most Stringent precautions being taken in time
CttditJ°l SUChJ0t"*lndmCe'-  to Prevent the ravage of forest fires throughout
VANCOUVER, B. C, APRIL, 1904. the  timbered districts in  the northern   parts  of
 ^——"                 Canada, through which extensive railroad build-
MILLMEN GET IN LINE. mg js contemplated.     In view of    the fact that
Last month we intimated that it was our desire Northern British Columbia in the very near fu-
to obtain  full,  complete  and  reliable  statements ture will be the scene of great activity in the con-
of the product of the lumber   and shingle   mills struction of the Grand Trunk Pacific, it behooves
throughout    the    Province    of British Columbia, the   British  Columbia Government  to  see  to  it
and to this end we addressed    letters    to every that every precaution is exercised in the preser-
mill enclosing a monthly    statement to be filled vation of the valuable and extensive timber dis-
up and returned to us.     The response to this has tricts which there are throughout the course of
been  fairly satisfactory, but there are  still epiite that projected line,
a few who have not responded. In writing on the subject of Forest Protection
Very little thought will make it plain, especially in the Railway    Belt   of   British  Columbia,  Mr.
to those who have not responded, that in the in- James  Leamy,  Dominion   Crown  Timber  Agent
terests    of the industry    it is most advisable    to of British Columbia, says:
have  authentic returns of the  work being done, "In my opinion, formed from the experience of
and the British Columbia Lumberman    must    of the past three years in endeavoring to   prevent
.      , fires in the timber lands in the railway belt in the
necessity look to mill owners to make those re- province of British Columbia, I find that the fire
turns  absolutely  reliable.     The   object  being  to wardency system has been of great benefit, and,
show to the public the immensity of the lumber so far, has been productive of very good results,
business in British Columbia, to this end we ear- as very little timber has been destroyed in  the
...                             , railway belt by  fire during    that    period, while
nestly seek your co-operation. J          ■       <•        ,                         j   •     j- . • t„
J            '                ' quite  extensive  fires have    occurred  in districts
The following form gives in a general way the nQt bcing ]ookec\ after by fire rangers.    The fire
information we desire each month: rangers   have   been  very   active   in   attending  to
Monthly report from  their duties, and seem to grasp the situation thor-
Month of  oughly.   They first ascertain where any clearings
,.,.,, or slashings for the purpose of    clearing    land
Average daily capac.ty, lumber     ^ been made      They ^ Qn the parties who
Average daily capac.ty, shingles   ^ m&de the slashi        and notify them of their
Output for month, lumber    liability, under the Bush Fire Act, if they set fire
Output for month   shingles     in guch slashi        and allow it to get beyond their
Loca   supp y, lumber     control.    This, to my mind, has been very suc-
Local  supply, shingles  cessful      The thinking men amongst the ranch-
Rail or cargo shipments, lumber   ers-that is. the more intelligent    class    of    the
Rail or cargo shipments   shingles    farmcrs rcaHze ^ djsadvantage to themselves in
Average number of employees  haying tfce valuable timber in their neighborhood
It is to be hoped, in the general interest of the destroyed.     It is always a source of revenue to
business, that this reminder will have the desired them to have lumber camps working in their vi
cinity, as they are able to sell their produce and
obtain employment for themselves and their
teams in the logging camps during the winter
season, and I find that those people are ever ready
to notify the fire rangers when a slashing has
been made that, to their mind, would be dangerous if not properly looked after, thereby being of
great assistance to the rangers in the prosecution
of their duties. Prospectors are the most troublesome class that we have to deal with. If they
have an idea that there is any mineral in a range
of mountains or hills they will, during the dry
season, start fires whereby the surface of the
ground may be burnt clear of vegetation so that
they can the more readily trace any mineral deposits which they think may exist in that locality.
The rangers in the eastern part of the belt, where
a great deal of prospecting is being done, pay
close attention to the going and coming of the
prospecting parties. They get information from
the different points where prospectors are in the
habit of outfitting, and when they hear of a party
starting out they call on the leaders of the party
and furnish them with copies of the Fire Act, and
call their attention to their liability in cases of fire
set by them which may cause any damage, and
also notify them that they are keeping watch over
them. In fact, during the past two seasons I cannot see that any fire in the railway belt has been
directly traceable to prospecting parties.
"In the prevention of forest fires in my judgment no system can surpass that of having a sufficient number of competent fire rangers to look
after the forests. The men should have had practical experience in the woods and a knowledge
of how to fight fires, construct fire breaks, etc
and should know their district thoroughly. They
should be put to work during the month of May
posting notices, going through the district allotted to them, informing themselves as to the
amount of slashing done and interviewing parties
engaged in clearing lands, cautioning them as to
their liability should any damage arise from fires
set by them, ascertaining what prospecting parties are out or liable to go out, interviewing them
on the subject of fires and their liability for any
damage which may happen through their carelessness or neglect not to extinguish their camp
fires when breaking up camp and setting fire for
the purpose of burning off the surface of the
ground in order to enable themselves to more
easily prospect for minerals.
"With regard to legislation for the prevention
of fires, the Legislature of British Columbia in
1896 passed an Act for the prevention of forest
fires. This Act, after providing for the establishment of fire districts, enacted that it should be
tiilawful for any person to start fires between
May and October, in or near any woods, in a fire
district except for the purpose of clearing land,
cooking, obtaining warmth, or for some industrial
purpose; and in the event of a fire being set for
any of these excepted purposes certain precautions should be observed.    These precautions, so f 1
I- 1
1
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BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
flllis-Chalmers Company
The Edward P. Allis Co.
MILWAUKEE, WIS.
 SUCCESSOR   TO-
Fraser & Chalmers Co.,
CHICAGO, ILL.
Gates Iron Works,
CHICAGO, ILL.
Dickson Mfg. Co.,
SCRANTON, PA.
MODERN PACIFIC COAST
..Saw Mill Machinery..
LL
PACIFIC COAST
Edgers, Trimmers,        Slashers,
Live Rolls, Transfers,
Transmission Machinery,
Steam Swing and Jump Saws,
Reynolds' Corliss Engines,
Power Set Works,
Carriages,       Log Jacks,       Canters,
Log Loaders,       Log Kickers,
Simonson Log Turners,
Steam Feeds.
PLANS AND ESTIMATES MADE FOR UP-TO-DATE MILLS.
Seattle Office :        505 Lumber Exchange Building.
H. S. MITCHELL, Manager
BRANCH OFFICES
NEW YORK, Empire Building
BOSTON, Board of Trade Building
PITTSBURG, Frick Building
MINNEAPOLIS, Corn Exchange Bldg.
DENVER, 1649 Tremont St.
SALT LAKE CITY, 209 S.W. Temple
SPOKANE, Washington
GENERAL OFFICE
CHICAGO. ILL.. II. S. A.
LONDON, EN6., 533 Salisbury House.      JOHANNESBURG, South Africa.
BRANCH OFFICES
SAN FRANCISCO, Hayward Bldg.
SEATTLE, Lumber Exchange Bldg.
CHARLOTTE, N. C, Trust Bldg.
NEW ORLEANS, Hennen Bldg.
ATLANTA, GA., Equitable Bide
BUTTE, MONT., 51 E. Broadway
U BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
far as related to the clearing of land, were altered
in 1002, and as the Act now stands, any fire started for clearing land during the prohibited period
shall be constantly watched over, managed and
cared for by the person setting it, and every reasonable care and precaution shall be taken to prevent its spreading. The Act also prov;les that
when a tire is started in or near the woods in a
fire district during the prohibited period for cooking, obtaining warmth or for industrial purposes,
a sufficient space shall be cleared around it, nnd it
shall be completely extinguished before it is left.
A further section provides that in any prosecution
the burden of proving compliance with the Act
shall be Upon the defendant.
"The first point deserving attention is that our
legislature has provided with regard to fires for
clearing land, that they shall be watched over
and cared for regardless of the question whether
they are set in or near the woods. The reason
of this provision is manifestly because fires for
clearing land are usually of considerable magnitude, and may, unless carefully watched, spread
far beyond the land on which they are originally
set out, and readily assume proportions which
render them difficult to control. Such a fire set,
say a mile or two from the woods, may under
favorable conditions, e.g., a strong wind, readily
travel over the intervening ground, and growing
as it spreads, do enormous damage when it enters the forest."
RETAILERS' PROFITS.
We beg to commend the careful perusal of the
Annual Report of the Western Retail Lumber
Dealers' Association, which appears in another
column; more especially would we do so to those
whose opinions have been so perverted, by recent
press reports, as to have led them to believe that
the Western retail lumber dealers were a "gang
of grafters." If such opponents to the Association, for the moment, will release their minds
from bias, we are fully convinced that, after a
careful study of the President's and Secretary's
addresses to the Association, they will be forced
to but one conclusion, viz., that the dealers were
more "sinned against than sinning."
There never has been a "combine" among the
dealers, and other than an association for the purpose of assisting in the general improvement of
the business conditions, the consumers of lumber
throughout the Northwest have absolutely no
complaint to make against the lumber dealers.
In the recent controversy and condemnation
of the Western dealers it is significant to note
that whatever complaints have been made, in no
instance have we seen a "kick" from a "consumer," while the grievances have been reported as
so severe and hurtful against the welfare of the
country, that were such really the case public
feeling would long ere this have taken some form
by which the press of the country would have
heralded the fact. While, strange as it may
seem, those who were deriving the largest share
of benefit from the lumber business, were the
loudest in their denunciation of all those engaged
in its transactions.
The President, in his address, truly states that
with lumber, as with other products, the "price
is fixed by the immutable law of supply and demand," while he says that if lumber has advanced
in price during the last few years, so, likewise,
have horses, wheat and land, and in fact all products of the farm. It cannot, therefore, be expected that lumber should decrease in inverse proportion to the increase of the products of the
farm! As Mr. Campbell says, "this great demand
could only be met by increased energy and consequent increased cost of production."
LESSONS FROM PUGET SOUND.
The information conveyed by our Seattle correspondent as to the unsatisfactory condition of
business among the Sound mills at the present
time, is one which brooks no good to this market,
and may lead to a similar condition of affairs
which prevailed last fall. Selling rough lumber
at $6.50 per 1000 and the mills still cutting can
have but one result, and that result must be disastrous. Over-production of any commodity
ruins the market, and with the existing status of
the lumber business on the Sound, where the increase in the number of mills has far exceeded the
requirements of that market, it is difficult to see
how the situation can be relieved, except by joint
effort of the milimen themselves, an almost impossible contingency under present conditions.
Our contemporary, the "West Coast Lumberman," in its last issue, gives a number of pertinent
hints to the milimen on the subject of market
conditions:
"Whether you are 'controlled' or not 'controlled,' you should shut down your shingle mill
at once.
"The shutting down proposition might be extended to the saw mills. A vacation of one
month could be taken now without expense.
"In looking around for a competitor and hot
competition, the manufacturer of Coast lumber
and shingles need not look outside his own ranks.
"The saw mill man could better afford to shut
down for a month than to run on present prices.
Curtailment of output is the only remedy for bad
prices.
"When there are two carloads of shingles and
only one wanted, the buyer will come pretty nearly sett'ng the price. Shingles and sugar are
ruled by the same trade laws."
Mill men on this side of the line are not immaculate, but it is sincerely to be hoped that the
good feeling presently existing among them will
long continue, and that by co-operative effort
like conditions to that upon the Sound will be
averted. "Cut your suit according to your cloth,"
be not too sanguine, rather have the market look
to you than you to the market.
TENDERS FOR BERTH NO. 383.
The Department of the Interior, Ottawa, is calling for tenders for Timber Berth No. 383, which
are to be received up till noon of 20th April. The
block contains an area of nearly three square
miles and is situate in about Township 1 and 2,
Range 27, west of 6th meridian, and commencing
at a point on the Nesaquatch creek, where the
same is intersected by the south (or east) boundary of Timber Berth No. 162; thence up said
creek three miles in direct distance with a depth
on each side of 40 chains, measured at right angles
to the general bearing of said creek, within the
berth, excluding therefrom any portion of said
berth No. 162.
This property is situated on Nesaquatch Creek,
a branch of the Chilhwack River, and is about
ten miles south of Fraser River, and contains
some very valuable timber.
SOUTH AFRICAN TRADE DEFLECTED.
John H. Kirby, a lumber operator of Houston,
Texas, says the British Government is about to
build 20,000 miles of railroad in Africa, and that
the crossties required for the construction are to
come from the Southern States. Mr. Kirby, who
expects to get a part of the contract, says the ties
will cost $40,000,000. This line will not be 20,000
miles long, but its connections will cover that
distance. It is really Cecil Rhodes' old plan. It
will traverse the entire continent from north to
south.
&
1
orrespoi\aet\ce
iiiiiiiiniiiiniiTinrxiniiinrrmiiiHTTnTiiinTiTiiiirmmi
From our Special Correspondents.
A STIMULATED TRADE.
Lumbering Interests in Victoria  Show Steady
Improvement.
Victoria, April 9.—Spring, which has been so
long coming, has opened with a rush at last,
and business in all lines has been stimulated
by the advent of the fine, warm weather. The
spring lumber trade opens with the best of prospects, the building outlook in Victoria and in
the smaller towns of Vancouver Island being exceptionally promising. In this city the architects and builders are crowded with orders and
many new buildings are under way, while places
are being prepared for a great many more. This
activity in buildings operations is naturally creating a very considerable demand for all classes of
lumber and the mills are all busy filling specifications. Altogether the spring opening fully
justifies the expectations of those who predicted
a busy summer, and is perhaps one of the most
auspicious in the history of the lumber industry on Vancouver Island. So far as Victoria
is concerned there has never been so much activity since the boom of 1891, and the" feeling
of stability and faith in the future extends
throughout the Island. Nanaimo is talking seriously of installing an electric street railway
to serve its citizens, as well as to connect with
the new coal mining town which the Western
Fuel Company is building at Departure Bay.
Ladysmith will add many new dwellings and
business blocks to its credit during the summer,
taxing the local mill to its capacity. Duncans,,
Mount Sicker and Crofton also give promise
of material progress, and the news from West
Coast points is most encouraging.
Extensive Cedar Limits Purchased.
One of the most notable transactions of the
month just passed was the purchase by the
Seattle Cedar Lumbering Company—said to be
the wealthiest lumber company in the world—of
what are known as Stinson's limits, in the
Ucluelet district, and the further acquisition by
the same company of a large block of timber
licenses in Clayoquot district, in all about .60,000
acres. The company now has surveyors in the
field blocking out its limits, a work which will
take four or five months to complete, and it is
reported to be the intention to build mills at
suitable points and begin the manufacture of
lumber for export. Lumbermen look upon this
transaction as of the greatest interest and importance from the fact that it secures to one
firm a very considerable portion of the merchantable cedar on Vancouver Island. This, according to careful estimates, does not exceed
in all more than 200,000 acres, the great bulk
of which lies to the north of the Alberni canal.
Commencement  of  Work for the  Power  and
Pulp Company.
The Quatsino Power and Pulp Company, for
which 100 square miles of pulp lands, lying between Quatsino Sound and Broughton Strait,
were reserved about two years ago, are preparing to begin active operations. The bulk of the
pulp lands has been selected and the company
is just about to let a contract for the erection
of a wharf, sawmill and pulp mill and other
buildings, at or near the narrows of Quatsino
Sound. The sawmill will have a capacity of
50,000 feet per day and the pulp mill will turn
out daily 65 tons of ground pulp wood, provision
being made to increase the capacity to 125 tons
per day within the next two years. The company
will require quite a fleet of tugs, barges and
other vessels to convey freight, supplies and logs
to its mills. The estimated initial expenditure
will  be  about  $150,000  for  sawmill,  pulp  mill, BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
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wharves, etc., and it is the intention to establish a paper mill as soon as circumstances war-
rani the additional outlay. Altogether the company is preparing to invest $500,000 in the enterprise.
Business Locals.
The Vancouver island Lumber Company (Sidney mill) has a contract to supply 150,000 feet
of heavy lumber for the Sidney breakwater now
in course of construction.
The Taylor Mill Company, Victoria, is supplying the Esquimault and Nanaimo Railway Company a big order for bridge timbers. The company has also a contract for the lumber to be
used in the new wharf and other improvements
at the  William   Head  quarantine  station.
Steve Jones, proprietor of the Dominion
Hotel, has ordered 130.000 feet of lumber from
the Shawnigan Lake Lumber Company, to be
used in the construction of an addition to the
hotel.
Lemon & Gonnasson have the foundation for
the additions to their sash and door factory and
new sawmill well under way and the piles are
being driven for the firm's new wharf. The
new buildings and machinery will cost in
neighborhood   of  $20,000.
the
Local    lumber   dealers   report   several    orders
m  Winnipeg  for  choice  flooring.
oore & Whittington have secured control of
ortable mill which lias been operated for some
e near Colwood.
Cargo   Shipments   Light.
eign shipments from the Victoria  Lumber-
id Manufacturing Company's mills at Che-
iS were unusually light during March.   They
ited of two cargoes, viz.,   S. S.  Longships,
Jhanghai.   1,143,785   feet,  value  $13,687;   and
■tine James Johnson,  for  Shanghai,   1,233,-
peet, value $15,920.    Vessels reported on the
I to Chemainus to load are the Procyon, for
it    Coast,    and    the T.  P.  Eneigh, for  Mel-
SPRING LIVENS BUSINESS.
Building Operations in Calgary and District Extremely Active.
Calgary, April 10.—With the advent of spring—
and judging by the weather of the past few days
it is surely here—there has been an increase in
the demand for lumber. The market for some
little time has been very brisk and all dealers
look forward to the greatest year the Territories
has yet enjoyed. Dealers in Calgary have been
unusually busy. Since the weather has settled
down to days of sunshine and little or no frost,
building operations have been hustled forward,
and as a consequence the demand for building
materials has been splendid.
Report Brisk Business.
All lumber dealers, both in Calgary and on the
north and south branches report brisk business.
A great demand for lumber is made by the steady
influx of settlers. These settlers are all taking
up homesteads and the first thing they have to
do is to erect houses and stables. What this
means to the lumber trade can be guessed when
it is stated that from 75 to 100 a day is the average of the arrivals. Last month 141 homestead
entries were made in the Calgary office alone.
These settlers are all buying the cheaper class
of lumber, being content with modest shacks and
stables as a starter. Lumber dealers on the
north and south branches of the C. P. R. have
prepared  well  for  this  business  and  have  been
able to handle it pretty well. Some people
thought that in some of the smaller town-, on
the road between Edmonton and Macleod that
the dealers were laying in too big a stock this
season, but if business keeps up at its present
rate it is doubtful if the stocks laid 111 will be
able  to satisfy  all  the buyers.
New oettlers Paying Cash.
It must be remembered that all the business
done with these incoming settlers is cash. For
the most part the homesteaders are from the
Western States and are people who have sufficient capital to start up in a tolerably comfortable  way.
In every part of Calgary buildings are going
up. Contractors are up to their eyes in work and
some of them have been obliged to decline further contracts on account of the large amount of
work they have on hand.
Van Wart & Co. Sell Out.
Van Wart & Co., who have been the leaders
in the lumber trade in Calgary for some years,
have disposed of their business here. The deal
was only completed yesterday. The Canadian
Elevator Company, Limited, of Winnipeg, were
the purchasers. Asked as to the price Mr. J. S.
G. Van Wart said that they did not care to make
the figures public, but aamitted that the price
"was a handsome one." This is very likely because the company have the most complete stock
of any firm doing business in this neighborhood.
The Canadian Elevator Company is a big concern, having thirty lumber yards in Manitoba,
have also big elevators and are building one of
the largest terminal elevators in Canada at Fort
William. While very little definite information
could be secured regarding the future intentions
of the company. It is stated on good authority
that the company intend to establish a large number of branch lumber yards throughout the Territories and to build elevators at different points.
The yard just acquired here will be largely added
to and will be the headquarters for supplying
these smaller yards. Mr. William Stewart, who
has been manager for Van Wart & Co., will retain his position as manager here with the new
company.
Western Branch's Annual Meeting.
The annual meeting of the Western branch of
the Western Retailers' Association was held in
Calgary on March 15th. The meeting was an
important one and many questions of great moment to the trade were discussed. Those present were: W. T. Findlay, Medicine Hat; I). J.
Gourlay, Lacombe; W. 11. Clarv, Edmonton; W.
Dean, Olds; E. Ingram, Cayley; Geo. Rodgers,
Lethbridge; T. Fletcher, Airdrie; F. Arthur,
Claresholm; A. F. Robertson, Nanton; C. Herbert, Didsbury; Joseph Murphy, Cochrane; D. de
Fehr, Didsbury; F. W. Archer, Innisfail; G. Lev-
erson, Leavings; E. \V. Jones, Golden; T. A.
Sutherland, Crossfield; F. Standish, Banff; W.
H. Hunter, Carstairs; C. Stewart, Penhold; E.
Griesbach, Gleichen; W. Moffatt, Claresholm; C.
Schack, High River; VV. King, Cranbrook; V.
Cockburne, Winnipeg; G. P. Nicol, Lethbridge;
E. Forster, Macleod; P. A. Prince, R. C. Thomas
and I. S. G. Van Wart, Calgary.
Mayor Findlay, of Medicine Hat, occupied the
chair and I. S. G. Van Wart, of Calgary, acted as
secretary.
There was a great deal of discussion regarding
the reduction of the freight rates on lumber. The
recent reduction, it was pointed out, only applied
to the Coast mills on- the lowest grades of cedar
and only to points east of Moose Jaw, so Alberta
was in no way favored. The reason given for
the reduction was that it would enable the mills
at the Coast to dispose of their rough cedar.
The retailers at the meeting reported large
stocks on hand, in fact, it was stated that the retailers had never so much lumber on hand at this
time of the year before.
The question of the reduction of the price of
lumber  was  discussed    at  considerable    length.
While no resolution was actually brought in, 11
was decided that a reduction of one dollar pei
thousand should be made if the C. P. R. vvoul I
grant the two cents per 100 pounds to the Moun
tain nulls.
The meeting was looked upon by those present
as the most successful in the history of the Association.
Portable Mills in the Northwest.
An expert, who has just returned to Calgar\
from an extensive trip through the north, gaj
that the CUt the past winter has been double that
of any previous year. This gentleman says then
are over fifty portable mills working, some 01
them day and night, on small berths and home
steaders1 permits.
The   Red  Leer  Lumber Company are bringim
down a big drive of logs from the north.
Cushing Bros., of Edmonton, are erecting a
large storehouse and making other improvements
When all is completed there will be twice the
flour space.
A BRIGHT FUTURE.
Government Aware of the Necessity to Preserve
Timber Areas—An Important Meeting.
Winnipeg, Mar. 9.- The lumber situation continues quite encouraging and the prospects fur a
season of very active operations in the building
line are exceedingly bright. The local dealers,
notwithstanding the agitations concerning dissatisfaction m regard to prices, report that the
demand for the material is greater than ever before, and that if there is a real grievance concern
ing the price it has not had the effect of lessening
the sales. The city of Winnipeg alone will have,
it is estimated, buildings erected this year total
ling in value fully $8,000,000, and already building
permits to the extent of a million dollars have
been registered at the city hall. Through the
country the demand for lumber will be in proportion to that of the city, as the immense number of
settlers who are now rushing westward will neces
sitate the erection of an extraordinary number of
buildings of all kinds.
Preserve Northwest Forests.
The Dominion government has at last awakened, to the necessity of taking some action to
preserve the remaining timber limits of North
western Canada from the ravages of destructive
squatters and thoughtless settlers who take no
thought for the future of the timber resources of
the country. E. Stewart, of Ottawa, Dominion
Inspector of Timber and forestry, has been in
the West for some time in connection with this
matter, ami has been conferring with E. P
Stephenson, of Winnipeg, who is Inspector of
Timber Agencies. The result of these conferences is that jusl as soon as spring opens up parties will be s,nt out to make careful surveys i'1
the Turtle, Riding and Moose Mountains of the
timber reserves, and then the government will be
asked to pass strict regulations for the purpose ol
preserving the timber for future generations. Mr.
Stephenson, speaking in reference to this matter,
said that until the government had passed some
specific laws on this matter, nothing could he
done to prevent the numerous squatters who had
gone into the timber country from doing as they
wished with the forests. The government had
decided not to sell any more timber limits in the
districts named, and with the stringent measures
which it was hoped would be passed, there was
sonm hope of preserving the timber supply. Th1'
timber limits in these districts are very extensive
but have never been thoroughly surveyed, so that
squatters have gone in and occupied berths *n
them in great numbers. It would b a difficult and
expensive task to attempt to ^vict them now. The
value of these limits, purely from a lumber standpoint, is almost inestimable, but their benefici'' BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
%
ALEXANDER MACLAREN, President
BUCKINGHAM, QUE.
... T Ht.
North Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd
BARNET,   B.   C.
MANUFACTURERS OF KILN-DRIED
,Vtt»bia Fir. Spruce and ft
LUMBER
MOULDINGS,   LATH,   SHINGLES,  ETC
Mills on Burrard Inlet and Canadian Pacific Railway
p.   o.   BOX  377
WEBSTER
Cor. Granville and Drake Streets
VANCOUVER, B. C,
..The Leading Grocery
Lumbermen's, Loggers' and Miners'
SUPPlieS given Special and Careful Attention
2*
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BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
effect on the climate and their efficacy in preventing floods is also one of the great factors tending
towards an effort to keep them for legitimate use.
Cut on Pigeon River Limits.
It is estimated that fully 10,000,000 feet of lumber was cut in logs during the past winter on the
Canadian limits of the Pigeon Lumber Company.
The product of these limits will be driven down
the Pigeon River to Lake Superior and towed to
Port Arthur. The linn has extensive limits in
Minnesota also, and the logs cut on these are
hauled down the Duluth extension of the Canadian Northern Railway, from which the company
has a spur track built to its limits, and which is
operated by its own employees. About six million feet was taken out ami delivered at the mill
during the winter. It is estimated that the company has still enough limits left in Minnesota to
cut from six to seven million feet per season for
the next ten seasons.
Fort Frances Mills and Power.
Hon. C. J. Rockwood, of Minneapolis, one of
the principals of the American Power Company
which intends to erect extensive mills at Fort
Frances, in the Rainy River district, has been at
that place with Engineers Whitson and Fairbairn,
of the Ontario Crown Lands Department, with
reference to the selection of sites for the big
power dam and mills. Contractor Cook, of Minneapolis, and Engineer White are busy laying out
he ground on the American side. Levels are betaken and lines run for marking the bound-
.•s of lands affected. Work will be commenced
the construction of the mills at once. The
fcns provide for the construction of two im-
ise power houses and a complete system of
gates, with log chutes and openings.
Lumbering at Dauphin District.
ie lumber cut in the Dauphin district of Man-
Lduring the winter has been phenomenal, before than twice as large   as that of the pre-
jseason.    The shortage last summer and the
■Bets of a lively market with high prices has
£d the lumbermen on to unusual efforts in
ish.    It is estimated that last season a little
K than 30,000,000 feet of lumber   was   turned
Bfrom the mills in the district, but it is believed
ft this summer fully 65,000,000 feet will be man-
;tured.      The    new   limits   lately   opened    up
re  among  the   best   in   the   west,   and   should
ley be fortunate    in    escaping    destruction by
ire will be sufficient to supply the wants of the
'prairie population for many years to come. The
-estimated cut of    the individual firms is as follows:
Feet.
Red  Deer Lumber Co., Erwood 30,000,000
North Lumber Co., Pine River  8,000,000
T. A. Burrows, Duck Mountain   7,000,000
Hanbury     Manufacturing     Co.,     Duck
Mountain 5,000,000
McArtbur & Co.,, Winnipegosis     3,000,000
Shaw   Bros.,   Dauphin   2,500,000
Armstrong & Rowland, Erwood   1,500,000
Mutchmacker   Bros.,   Minitonas    1,500,000
Ritchie   Bros.,  Ochre  River    1,500,000
Knox   Bros.,   Laurier   1,000,000
Swan Lake Lumber Co., Minitonas....   1,000,000
Cut of portable  mills,   Inspectors'  estimate  '   3,000,000
65,000,000
Shaw Bros.' Business.
W. Shaw, of Shaw Brothers, Dauphin, was in
the city recently and in speaking of the prospects in that district, said that the winter's
work had been most satisfactory. The firm's
limits are situated in the Riding Mountains,
and he believed that the cut taken out during
the winter would reach three million feet.
Though the snow had been very deep in the
woods it had not interfered with the lumbering
operations to any appreciable extent.
Winter Delays Transportation.
The delivery of pulpwood and timber on the
railways in the northern parts of Minnesota
have been greatly hampered by the seventy
of the winter and the depth of the snow. Recently there were from three to live thousand
cars of pulpwood awaiting shipment on the
lines to the north of Duluth and shippers have
been put to much delay and annoyance, and
some of them who have not been protected by
penalties on their unfilled contracts are likely
to experience some financial distress.
Retailers'  Annual  Meeting.
According to the discussions which were participated in by representative members of the
Western Canada Retail Lumber Dealers' Association, which held its annual meeting in this city,
commencing March 25, the transportation problem and the question of high freight rates are
the two discouraging features of the retail trade
in the West, and which form the big handicap
to the success which should be attained in
the business.
The annual report submitted by the officers
of the Association dealt with these matters in
detail and they were freely commented upon
by the members. While the public is inclined
to blame the dealers, it was very clearly demonstrated that the Canadian Pacific Railway is
the big gainer by the transactions in the supplying of lumber to the settlers of the rapidly-
developing country. The feeling among the
members of the Association against the railway is very strong, and at the sessions many
instances were related by agents showing that
the freight rates formed the bulk of the cost
of the lumber. The retail dealers are doing
business at a margin of profit limited to 20 per
cent, and many of them at a much smaller profit.
Long terms of credit are given by the retailers
to the farmers, and heavy stocks have to be
carried to supply the various wants.
Insurance Rates Too High.
An important matter which came up for discussion was the present system of insurance. It
was pointed out that the rates were entirely too
high, some of the members showing in cold figures that they are paying as high as 5 per cent.
After a lengthy consideration it was generally
conceded that some scheme of mutual insurance
engineered by the Association would be most
acceptable, and a committee composed of Messrs.
Thompson, Lincoln and McKinney was appointed to draft a scheme and put it into operation
without calling another general meeting of the
Association.
Two committees were also appointed to interview the governments of Manitoba and the
Territories, respectively, to secure some needed
amendments to the lien laws which were considered as affording no protection as they at
present read. The Manitoba laws were considered as being most satisfactory both to the
farmers and the dealer.
To Exclude Wholesalers.
The proposal to the effect that the organization should be made one for retailers exclusively, cutting off the wholesalers from membership, produced a protracted discussion and the
features of the scheme were very carefully put
before the members. Heretofore the wholesalers
had been honorary members of the Association,
and an amendment to the effect that the wholesalers should be retained as honorary members
of the Association, without the right to vote,,
but elegible to enter into the discussions, was
carried. It was felt that every effort should
be made to work in harmony with the wholesalers, as in many respects the interests of the
parties were identical. On the other hand, there
was some desire to make the management of
affairs a matter for the retailers alone. An effort to bar membership to any dealer who could
not show capital to the extent of at least five
thousand dollars was voted down.
Resolutions   From   Alberta   Branch.
The   Alberta   branch   of   the   association   wa
represented by VV. H. Clarke, of Edmonton, an.
J. II. Van Wart, of Calgary.    They addressed th
delegates in regard to some matters which close
ly   concerned   the   interests   of   the   trade   in   thai
district,  and   submitted   a   number of   resolution
which  had  been   recommended  by  their  Associa
tion.    One of these, to the effect that line yard
when exceeding six or seven were a menace  t
the   trade,  and  should  be  discouraged,  was  dis
cussed at  some length, but  on motion action on
it was indefinitely postponed.
The   election   of   officers   resulted   as   follows
President, J. L. Campbell, Melita; Vice-President,
D.   E.   Sprague,   Winnipeg;   Board   of   Director.-,
George   B,   lloiisser,   Portage   la   Prairie;   J.   1.
Parrott, Saltcoats; G. E. Davidson, Manitou,
TORONTO TRADE HAMPERED.
Accumulation of Freight Likely to Create a Car
Shortage in Ontario—a Stiff Market.
Toronto, April 8. The season is opening wit',
an active demand for lumber, as building promises to be brisk. Though the railways, have
been clear  for  traffic  for some tunc  shipments
arc still much delayed on account of the ac
cumulation of freight. Prices are practically sine
to be well maintained, especially in the lower
grades, which are most in requisition, There
is less call for the intermediate qualities than for
either the lower or the superior grades. Local
stocks are being rapidly depleted, and in view
of the anticipated rush of orders as the season
advances, the shortage of cars and consequent
uncertainty of shipments occasions some anxiety. Reports from other cities ami large towns
of the Province indicate that conditions in the
building trade are similar to those obtaining in
Toronto. Shortage of house accommodation is
a general complaint, and the outlook appears favorable for an active season's work in building.
with the shortage of the season's output of
When this factor is taken into account, together
logs and the difficulties in the way of shipment,
the indications are that any change in prices will
be in an upward direction. The prices of hardwoods are likely to be stiffened, owing to increased demand, especially for elm and birch.
Lumbermen's Annual Meeting.
The annual meeting of the Lumbermen's Association of Ontario was held at the Queen's
Hotel on the 17th of March, with President \V.
D. Lummis in the chair. The President's report clearly presented the salient features of the
situation, emphasizing the increased cost of production on account of the conditions of the past
season and the difficulties in transportation. The
practical effect of the long-continued snow-
blockade he said would be that twelve months
supply of timber would have to be moved in ten
months. In view of these considerations he in
ticipated that prices would probably rule ten
per cent, higher than last year, espcially as the
Ottawa sawmill men had already secured thai
advance.
Secretary W. B. Tindall presented a statistical
report embodying some significant figures in regard to the season's supply. He estimated the
output of logs for 1904 at 420,000,000 feet. The
total production for 1903 of white pine lumber
by the mills in Northwestern Ontario, embracing
all the mills on the Georgian Bay, the northern
division of the G. T. R. to Callander and the
C P. R. from North Bay to Rat Portage was
475>ooo,ooo. This was a decrease of 25,000,000 feet
as compared with 1902. As to stocks on hand
about 150,000,000 feet were piled at the mills, of
which 100,000,000 was sold and awaiting spring
delivery. At the corresponding season in I901
the mills had on hand 181,000,000 feet, in IQ02-
170,000,000 feet, and in 1903, 150,000,000 feet. The
report also dealt fully with the statistics of production at competing points in the United States, BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
including Michigan, Minnesota and Wisconsin,
showing that the supply was steadily decreasing.
Taking the aggregate output of these States,
production had decreased from 6,056,000,000 feet
in 1899 to 4,791,852,000 feet in 1903. The decrease between 1902 and 1903 was 502,543,000
feet. The stocks on hand had dropped from 2,-
728,271,000 feet in 1899 to 1,964,532,000 feet in
1903, the decrease in the latter year as compared with 1902 being 148,187,000 feet. The further fact was brought out that last year was the
first season since 1879 that the lumber output
of the Western pine-growing States had dropped
to the 4,000,000,000 figure. It touched high wate*r
mark in 1890, when it stood at 8,597,623,000 feet,
and the falling off in the intervening thirteen
years had been 44.26 per cent. The inference
from these figures, of course, is that with the
decline of the home supply the demands of American buyers on the Canadian market must be
greatly increased. The Secretary concluded by
stating that the universal opinion among the
trade was that last year's prices would be maintained, while many were looking for a 10 per
cent, increase. This, he contended, would only
place them in the same position as last year,
owing to the greatly augmented cost of production.
Railway Commission to Be Interviewed.
Among other business done was the appointment of a committee to take up in a practical
way the best means of preserving young pine
and small growing timber and the question of replanting limits and territories suitable for timber growing. A resolution was passed requesting the Board of Management to bring before
the Railway Commission the matter of the
shortage of cars and railway rates and regulations respecting the moving of ties and cedar
posts. Last year's officers were re-elected, W.
D. Lummis being President and W. B. Tindall
Secretary.
Forestry Association  Meeting.
The Canadian Forestry Association held its
annual convention in the Parliament Buildings
on the 10th and nth of March, at which a number of papers were read and addresses delivered,
some of them of a very practical character. President Hiram Robinson, of the llawkesbury Lumber Company, occupied the chair, and a number
of lumbermen, as well as scientific experts, were
in attendance. One of the most suggestive papers was given by John Bertram, of the Dominion Transportation Commission, presenting several conclusions from his lengthened experience
as a lumber operator, upon "Forest Management
in Ontario." He questioned the wisdom of the
policy adopted by the Provincial Government in
selling only the white and red pine upon timber
limits, pointing out that when only the pine
was cut off and inferior timber left standing,
the young pines were crowded out and the pine
timber could not renew itself. Hemlock, spruce,
balsam and hardwood should be cut in order to
give the young pine a chance to grow. He favored adding many of the lands now under license not adapted for settlement to the timber
reserve. Mr. Bertram thought that in districts
like Muskoka, where arable land and broken
country are interspersed the size of the holdings
should be increased to 1,000 or 1,200 acres, and
the settler should become a forester as well
as a farmer and devote his energies largely to
growing timber. Hon. E. J. Davis, Commissioner of Crown Lands, was favorably impressed
with some of Mr. Bertram's proposals and it is
not unlikely that some changes in the regulations in accordance with his views may be made.
A subject which occupied much of the attention
of the convention was the best means of furthering public education on the question of forestry, and the claims of Toronto University to
a professorship of forestry were strongly urged.
This proposition has been advanced from time
to time, but little actual progress has been made,
although the Government has appeared favorable.
It is now, however, indefinitely postponed, as
Premier Ross recently informed an influential
deputation who waited on him on behalf of the
University that the state of the Provincial
finances did not warrant an appropriation for
that purpose. The fact is there is nothing in it
practically for the Government—no rake off for
any of their supporters or future contributors to
campaign funds—and a proposition which depends entirely on its merits without ulterior
consideration of this sort, stands a poor chance
with the politicians. To revert to the Forestry
Association, the late convention was altogether a
successful gathering, and indicates the progress
of the movement which has now a membership
of 479 and thirty-three life members, as compared with 400 ordinary and nine life members
in 1903. The Directors' report covered a wide
range, special prominence being given to the
subject of forest reserves and the need of according increased protection from fire, especially
in cases where new railways are being built
through a heavily timbered country.
A leading firm operating in the Georgian Bay
district are holding their output for figures at a
considerable advance over last season's figures.
They have recently disposed of several million
feet at $19 per 1,000 feet, to American buyers of
the same quality as that for which they obtained
$1775 per 1,000 last year. Dealers are disposed
to be somewhat conservative in placing orders at
the prices asked.
The new mill now in course of construction
at Rainy River, Ont., for the Rainy River Lumber Company, which is expected to be completed and ready for operation by the end of
the month, will be fitted up with the most modern machinery and equipments. It will have a
capacity of 400,000 feet per day of twenty-four
hours   and   furnish   employment   to   about   600
Timber Limits For Sale.
We have licensed land along the coast close to salt
water carrying Fir and Cedar.
We have licensed land running for 21 years, from
May, 1902. Rental, Ten Cents per acre, carrying Cedar, Fir
and Spruce.   Also Crown Granted Lands.
The above are amongst the best buys in the Province.
Limits estimated by competent cruisers.
MACKINNON, FERGUSON & CO.,
421 GRANVILLE ST.
VANCOUVER, B. O.
• m  ■    ■«• 1
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BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
The British (olii
VANCOUVER,    B.    C,
Cedar, Spruce Ltfi
E CARS TOGETHER WITH
Shingles, Lath, Doors
E. G. Flooring
1-2 in. Ceiling, Drop Siding, Etc
PROMPT SHIPMENT IS OUR SPECIALTY
Promptly
Code Used :   AMERICAN LUMBERMAN TELECODE RRANPHF^   *
Hastings Saw Mill, Vancouver Royal City Saw and Planing Mills, Vancouver
Moodyville Saw Mill, Burrard Inlet Royal City Saw and Planing Mills, New Westminster
BECKMAH & GHISHOLM
MANUFACTURERS OF
ED   CEDAR   SHINGLES
AND
ROUGH, KILN DRIED
SASH AND DOOR
STOCK, CUT TO SIZE.
P. O. ADDRESS, CEDAR COVE, B. C.
PHONE A 1416.
RED CEDAR LUMBER CO.
LIMITED
MANUFACTURERS OF
Fine Cedar Lumber
and Shingles ....
TELEPHONE B334 P. O. BOX 322
Orders Solicited and Correspondence Promptly Attended to
POWELL STREET ...VANCOUVER, B. C.
ARTHUR P. MAY & CO.
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
AMERICAN AND AUSTRALIAN
HARDWOOD LUMBER
Embossed Mouldings, Carvings, etc.,
Plate, Sheet and Fancy Glass,
Burlaps and Wall Papers.
Correspondence Solicited. Orders Promptly Attended to.
P.O. Box 194.
544 SEYMOUR ST., VANCOUVER, B. C.
TIMBER LIMITS...
If you want to buy British Columbia timber limits it will
pay you to sec me and get quotations. I can give you a
figure on 75 per cent, of all B. C. limits that arc in the market.
I have an excellent milling proposition which will require
about $75,000 cash to make it a financial success. Competent
parties claim it will pay a profit of $25,000 per annum. No
use to write about this. Come and inspect it. 1 have another
proposition where 8."),()()() to $10,000 cash can be used to
advantage in a going concern.
C. D. RAND, Broker
450 GRANVILLE ST.,
| VANCOUVER, B. C BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
9
men.    Fifty  houses to  accommodate  the  workmen  will  be   erected.
J. R. Booth, the veteran lumberman of Ottawa,
celebrated his seventy-seventh birthday on the
5th inst. He came to Ottawa fifty-one years ago
and for half a century has been in business on
his own account. His mill turns out over 600,-
000 feet of lumber per day, and the system of
railway interests which he controls, including the
Canada Atlantic, and the Ottawa, Arnprior and
Parry Sound lines, cover 400 miles of main
line and  100 miles of sidings.
THE OTTAWA VALLEY.
Lumber Jacks Waiting for High Water—The
Late Spring Necessitates Exceptional Energy
to Supply Demands.
Ottawa, April 6.—-Everything points to a prosperous summer season in the lumber business of
Eastern Canada. To begin at the beginning, to
quote a Hibernianism, the spring has been a late
one, and the logs and square timber have all
been landed at the stream sides in safety. It
now only remains for high water to move the
logs, etc., down to the mills, and this is promised by the heavy snows. Operators, however,
are taking no chances of being caught napping,
as were several last year, and large gangs of
men have been forwarded to the limits to drive
the logs down with the first high water of the
spring freshets.
Passing on to the prospects at the mill end
of the business, it may be stated that they are
good for a turn over of all the manufactured
stock. One of the leading milimen said recently
that up to date his firm had placed more orders
for sawn lumber with the United States than for
any previous season. It seems from this reasonable to presume that the American demand for
the white pine of Eastern Canada will continue
brisk this year. Moreover, there is practically
no low grade lumber in first hands in Ontario
just at present, and the high grade stuff is also
being actively sought after. A millman who saws
on contracts said today that he had been offered enough orders for sawing to keep four
mills  busy.
British Columbia Lumber Likely to be in Good
Demand.
All this goes to show that the chances for British Columbia lumber in the Ontario market
should be exceptionally good this year. In fact,
one dealer, who handles considerable of the
Pacific slope product, was heard to say that as
he would be unable to fill orders with the Eastern white pine, he would offer the British Columbia article as a substitute. If it was not
suitable, the anxious seekers would have to
go without lumber altogether. Of course it is
admitted here in the East that the British
Columbia woods do not lend themselves as readily for building and manufacturing purposes as
does the Eastern white pine. However, where
the latter is not available, some substitute must
be secured and the Western woods have the next
call.
The annual meeting of the Lumbermen's Association of Ontario was held in Toronto recently. At it statistics were presented dealing
with the cut of timber of different kinds, and a
comparison was made of the volume with that
of past years. The interesting statement was
made that the cut of low grade lumber was practically all bought up and that the high grade
stuff was going fast. It was agreed that the
members of the Association would have to follow the lead of the Ottawa district milimen and
dealers, who, as announced some time ago, advanced prices ten per cent, all around. The fact
that this advance will be general throughout Ontario and Quebec furnishes another argument in
support of the prediction that British Columbia
lumber will   stand   a  better   chance   of  making
headway in Eastern Ontario than ever before.
Of course the question of high rates stands in
the way, but high rates, like the poor, you have
always with you.
The McGillivray Company, Limited, of Ottawa, Eastern agents for the Brunette Sawmill
Company, of New Westminster, B. C, report
prospects from the Pacific lumber and timber
in Eastern Canada very bright indeed. According to Mr. Percy McGillivray, the manager, his
company, which operates a mill in the Parry
Sound district, has more orders for white pine
than it can fill. He is of the opinion that there
is nothing left for the trade to do but to fall
back on the British Columbia stock, high prices
and freights notwithstanding. He says that there
is considerable inquiry for the Western article
already, which would indicate that business will
follow later. No large Government contracts
have been closed, but several are pending, and
it is understood that in these considerable British
Columbia dimension timber will be used. A
new wharf for Sault Ste. Marie will be built of
the British Columbia product.
In the Lake of the Woods District.
Reports from the Lake of the Woods district
in Western Ontario, are to the effect that large
quantities of lumber will be manufactured there,
for shipment to Manitoba and the Territories,
where it will come into competition with the lumber of British Columbia and the Western States.
The official reports received at the Ontario Crown
Lands Office, Toronto, are to the effect that the
cut of white pine at the mills of the Lake of the
Woods district will be fully one-third greater this
year than last. This will be made possible by the
increased cut of logs during the past six months.
In the Ottawa and Georgian Bay districts and
throughout the Province of Quebec shortage of
labor was complained of. This was not the case,
however, in the limits of the Lake of Woods districts. A departure was made in the hiring of
men and Winnipeg and district not Eastern Ontario and Quebec were called to supply them.
Fully 5,000 men were sent in from Winnipeg and
surrounding country to work in the lumber
camps. They were preferable to the Eastern
chaps, for the very good reason that they were
hired for lower wages than prevailed on the older
operated limits of Ontario and Quebec. For the
same reason the Lake of the Woods milimen will,
if they care to do so, be in a position to quote
more favorable terms than their Eastern competitors on their manufactured stock.
It is altogether likely that a portion of this cut
will go into Manitoba and the Territories. However, a big slice of it will go to England. Only
recently a Toronto firm purchased from a Duluth
sawmill company several millions of feet of
lumber for the English and French markets.
British Columbia Shingles Will Hold Their Price.
It is difficult at present to gauge the shingle
market, and careful inquiry goes to show that its
future is decidedly uncertain. It is the general
opinion, however, that Western shingles will hold
their price.
The Hardwood Market Good.
The hardwood market of Eastern Canada is
advancing at present, and shows signs of continuing to climb upwards. Since November there
has been an advance ranging all the way from
10 to 15 per cent. Within the past fortnight
there has been an advance of 5 per cent., which
is included in the above. The demand for hardwoods for interior fittings and furniture seems to
be a growing one.
The English Market.
It seems to be the opinion amongst the Ottawa representatives of the old established English
lumber firms that British Columbia woods will
make steady and sure progress in the English
market in competition with the white pine of
Eastern Canada. At present the English market
is  depressed.     There   seems to be a hesitancy
about stocking up on Canadian lumber, due to
the uncertainty about England's part in the Japan-
Russia struggle. Then again the Motherland has
not recovered from the euects of the heavy taxation imposed by the South African war. However, this is aside. The English firms are kicking because they had to purchase their deals and
square timber at an advance of 10 per cent, on
last year's prices, a combined advance for the
past two years of fully 22 per cent. This makes
the Canadian white pine somewhat of a luxury
on the English market, and a cheaper substitute
would find ready sale. British Columbia, it is believed, furnishes this substitute, and the sea
trip reduces the cost of transportation. Of course,
the Pacific Province article does not lend itself
as readily to manufacturing or building purposes
as the Eastern white pine, but then if its adoption
means a saving of money this objection regarding
its use will not stand in the way. It remains
to be seen how it will get along.
New Railroads and New Territory.
From all accounts the new Grand Trunk Pacific Railway will open up considerable timber
country in Ontario and Quebec, but nothing like
the area that has already been developed. The
further North one goes the smaller the timber
grows. It is the general opinion, based on the
reports of Government surveyors and timber explorers that the timber along the route consists
principally of hard woods and stuff suitable for
pulp and paper-making. True, there is some white
pine, but it does not exist in the large areas that
is generally supposed. As a matter of fact nearly
all the good pine lands in the north of Ontario
and Quebec are held by the firms operating in
and about Ottawa. On them they have sufficient
supplies of logs to keep their mills going for
years. Mr. Andrew MacCormack, the veteran
lumberman of the Ottawa district, has just purchased a tract of timber along the route of the
proposed railway from the Quebec Government.
It contains about 130 square miles and is situated
about twenty-five miles above the headwaters of
the Ottawa river.
Undoubtedly the building of the railroad will
act as a stimulus to the lumber industry Sftt
Eastern Canada. Practically none of the timber
in the territory referred to is available at present.
Much of it cannot be floated down to the mills,
as the streams run northward into the James Bay
and Hudson's Bay. Where streams do run
southward it would take two or three seasons to
float the logs down, so many are the windings
of the streams tributary to the Gatineau and Ottawa rivers. It is altogether likely that the
building of the railway will see the establishment
of many mills along the line. This will mean
the shipment of the lumber East and West by rail.
In view of this fact is is safe to say that the
building of the Grand Trunk Pacific will introduce
a new and important factor, if not in the white
pine, at least in the hardwood and pulpwood
lines. However, there seems from reports to be
sufficient white pine, particularly in the James
Bay district, to warrant consideration in figuring
on Canada's future lumber supply.
The scarcity of low grade pine lumber in Eastern Canada has led to the utilization of poplar
for box making, and it promises to catch on
well.
AFFAIRS ON PUOET SOUND.
Yards    Overstocked   and    Lumber    Selling   at
Ruinous Prices—The Causes.
Seattle, Wash., April 11.—The limited demand
for lumber and shingles on the Sound is causing
some uneasiness among the shipping interests,
and unless the cargo shipments resume their former importance among the articles that form
the principal item of export from the Sound,
many vessel owners will be compelled to lie idle
this summer. A well known water front authority
has admitted that several of Seattle's docks are
now losing money, owing to the lack of business ' '
10
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
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in the harbor. Lumber plays an important part
in exports from the Sound, and the slightest reduction in output is felt by scores of people engaged in various trades.
There have been several shut-downs among the
mills on the Sound this winter, and normal conditions have not yet set in. Mill-owners do not
care to continue adding to the stock of lumber
already piled in the yards in the face of such
uncertain condition as now exist, especially as
long as the severe slashing of prices are indulged
in, as at present. Many small mill-owners are
forced to sell lumber at ruinous prices. One
instance was quoted the other day by a Seattle
architect; he stated that a client of his was offered common bill stuff at $6.50 per thousand, f.
o. b., cars in Seattle. Of course the order bid
on was a large one, but no mill can continue to
cut lumber at such prices.
The War  Has Its Influence.
It is claimed that the Russo-Japanese war is
responsible for the falling off in cargo shipments,
and that the severe weather in the East this
winter is responsible for the lack of orders from
that quarter. These reasons appear plausible.
Added to this is the lack of demand this winter
in the local market, owing to a partial suspension
of building operations in the State and contiguous
territory depending upon the Sound for its lumber.
The Outlook—New Markets.
The outlook, as far as the local field is coned, is however, much brighter, as the com-
eason  promises  to  be   a  very  active  one.
railroad,  Government and private  interests
need a vast amount of lumber this summer
ep the improvements planned supplied.    In
fon it may be safe to guess that the con-
ion   of  lumber   in   Alaska  will  be   nearly
d this year.    Several large Alaska orders
ready been placed with local mills and will
y for shipment to the North as soon as
on opens in the spring.   The Nome coun-
Tanana  district, the  Copper River and
stern Alaska will be the heaviest buyers
t Sound lumber.    Then  there is the in-
demands of the Government for lumber
sed in the Philippines.   As the frozen East
out the  railroad  shipments  will  also  in-
.    It will thus be seen that the prospects
e summer are fair.    But the fact still re-
that more markets must be found before
rations on the Sound can again become profit-
Too Many Mills for the Demand.
The real root of the evil was recently pointed
out to the milimen by Fred H. Gilman, Pacific
Coast representative of the "American Lumberman," of Chicago. Mr. Gilman has just removed his headquarters from Minneapolis to Seattle. He said: "There is no doubt but this will be
a fair year in the lumber trade, but owing to
politics taking a great deal of the attention of
the business men, the demand will only be moderate. Lumbermen in the East in the future will
have to depend on lumber from the Pacific Coast,
as the white pine production of Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota is each year growing much
less. The greatest amount of standing timber in
this country remains on the Pacific Coast, and it
is from here in the future that the lumber supply
of the country will be obtained, when the operations in the South decline. There is no doubt
that the capacity of the mills in Washington have
been increased too rapidly during the past two
or three years, and now the business has to be
divided among more mills, with the result that
none are crowded with orders, but when conditions change the manufacturers of this section
will be in a position to take care of an increased
demand. Lumbering in the State of Oregon has
not yet become fully developed, but in time it
will become a great lumber State. The future of
the lumber business on this coast is very bright,
although this year will not be a banner year."
The Pacific Coast Steamship Company Withdraws
The Pacific Coast Company has given up its
project of establishing yards in California. It
now develops that it never intended to carry out
this scheme, but merely put it forth as a direct
threat against the Pollard Steamship Company
and other lumber-carrying steamship lines combining passenger with lumber business. The Pacific Coast Steamship Company was willing t<>
permit the lines in question to supply the California market with Puget Sound lumber, providing they would desist from cutting into the passenger business. The threat did not work, and the
whole matter was simply dropped.
The 40-Cent Rate to Missouri Points.
The committee representing the Pacific Coast
Manufacturers' Association left Seattle on the
first of the month for St. Paul for the purpose of
conferring with the leaders of the various railroad systems having an outlet on the Sound.
The lumbermen's committee will insist on a 40-
cent rate on fir and hemlock lumber from Pacific
Northwest points to Missouri River territory. The
bulky petition, asking for cheaper rates, has been
before the railroad men for more than two weeks,
and several objections have been raised to the
granting of the request. It is for the purpose of
meeting and answering these objections that the
committee went East. It is the traffic men who
have urged the conference, and this is taken by
the milimen as an indication that the rate will
be granted, providing a satisfactory explanation
can be made.
A Logger's Association.
An attempt has been made by the Gray's Harbor loggers to organize and several meetings have
been held in Aberdeen. An organization was
finally effected on Saturday, March 26, but there
is a lack of harmony apparent, according to recent reports. The purpose of the organization
is to control the output, the price of logs, towing,
etc. There are 20,000,000 feet less of fir logs in
the waters of Gray's Harbor and its tributaries
than there was at this time last year, but in spite
of that prices of logs have a downward tendency. There is also twenty million more feet of
spruce than there was at this time last year, but
as all the spruce mills are closed, and there will
be none put in this year, the spruce market will
improve during the next six months.
British Columbia Shingles in the States.
Nearly all the shingle mills in the State have
again resumed operations, and are ready to supply the awakening demand of the Eastern trade.
A feature of the shingle market that is worrying
Western milimen is the activity of the British
Columbia mills in the American field. The British
Columbia milimen have a hard and fast agreement that preserves prices throughout Canada,
and the milimen there are observing the price
list closely. It is likely the congressional delegation from this State will be asked to intercede
on behalf of the Washington milimen and demand
protection from the inroads being made by Canadian milimen in United States territory. Under the Dingley tariff bill the tariff on shingles
can be increased by 25 cents per thousand.
A meeting of the Lumbermen's Indemnity Exchange was held in Tacoma on March 12, and
the following officers elected: E. A. Griggs,
President; Robert Moran, Treasurer; Ilanford &
deVeuve, Secretaries and Managers.
The Portland Cordage Company has begun the
construction of a mammoth plant at Smith's Cove
which will ultimately employ about 600 men. The
company owns a site comprising about fifteen
acres, most of which is tide lands. The filling in
of this site is about to commence, and before the
summer is past the plain will be in operation.
This company supplier th >. mills in British Columbia and Washington with most of the cordage
used in milling operations.
Some of the Eastern consumers complain that
the Washington shingles arc short in count. They
assert that four bunches of shingles are from
50 to 100 short This assertion is explained by
the shinglemen as being true, but the Washington shingles are so much larger than the Eastern
shingles, thus making up in quality for quantity.
NAVIGATION OPEN.
Chicago Released From the   Grip   of   the Frost
King—Stocking the Yards.
Chicago, April 9.—Navigation opened in Chi
cago April 6, the first vessel to leave port bein^
the City of Detroit, destination Cleveland, cargo,
passengers and package freight. This is final
evidence that spring has come. Building opera
tions are again under full headway in many sections of the city, though much of the surrounding
territory (some of it within the city limits) has
been submerged by lloods from heavy rains ami
melting snows. The lumber yards along the
river now have the appearance of some life, new
lumber is beginning to show in some yards and
there is quite a re-stocking of stock in Others,
The mail order lumber dealers are sending out
their spring catalogues, and the regular dealers
are becoming quite active as buyers of the winter
cut or sellers of stock on hand. Speculative
builders have begun a busy campaign, and from
now to the end of the season building will be active in this city. Apartment houses of more than
the usual tine finish are in great demand, and
rents have been advanced from $1 to $5 per month
in many instances even for buildings that are
not very "modern."
Jesse Spaulding, a pioneer Chicago lumberman,
died March  17, leaving an  estate  valued  at $4,
560,000.
A new Chicago city ordinance requires that
shingles used on new buildings inside the "fire
limits" shall be dipped in fireproof paint.
The logging season is now over in the territory along the Great Lakes and the big dealers
are beginning to learn the extent of the crop and
to figure what effect it will have on "supply" and
"demand"—the  two  main  elements  of "price."
Chicago lumbermen anticipate a reduction 1"
the annual cut of both Northern and Southern
pine, because of large supply and small demand,
but the hardwood situation in both these sections is just the other way -supply short, de
mand larger than ever and price $2 to $5 higher
than last year.
TIMBER CUTTING LICENSES.
DurinK the month of March, 1004, 81 timber
cutting licenses were issued; out of these 38 were
for renewals. The new licenses issued are thus
apportioned:
West  Kootenay  District        39
East Kootenay 1 )istrict   5
New Westminster District         1
Renewals     38
Total  ..    81 BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
11
The Rat Portage Lumber Go'y, Limited
TELEPHONE  NO. 354
VANCOUVER BRANCH
MANUFACTURERS OP
P. O. BOX 778
FIR CEDAR AND SPRUCE
Br'-1!'*? Material of all Kinds Delivered Promptly.   Hardwood in Car Lots.
MILL AND OFFICES :
SOUTH GRANVILLE STREET BRIDGE
VANCOUVER, B. C.
CLIMAX MANUFACTURING CO.,
CORRY, PA.
BUILDERS OF
Geared Locomotives and Logging Cars.
Built on Modern Locomotive Principles
For Wood and Steel Track Where Great Tractive Power and Flexibility are Required,
Especially on Steep Grades and Sharp Curves.  Write for Catalogue and Prices.
■
D. M. MILLER, Agent
64   Starr-Boyd Building, Seattle, Wash.
THE WHEELER, OSGOOD COMPANY
TACOMA,
WASHINGTON
..MOULDINGS..   DOORS  COLUMNS,SASH
We are equipped to make
1200 ricors per day
With a proportionate amount
of other mill work
We are prepared to make
prompt shipments
A. SINCLAIR
MANUFACTURER OF
RED CEDAR LUMBER
Eurro. nwrriptum nf.~
Sunk, Job and (Commrrrial Printing
CUT EDGE GRAIN
Mills at False Greek, Vancouver, B. C.
SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO FACTORY ORDERS
jFtnr Booh attft Job JSttttt^fS
541 ijaattn^B &t. Ural
(Drorra by flail
rrrrtttr prompt attention.
latwrowr, V. & i I
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
couver, and organized for the purpose of manufacturing wire-wound wooden pipes. A site lias
been secured on Beatty Street, near the C. P. R.
track. Mr. J. EL Berry is the manager and F. A,
Shand assistant manager. The company report
prospects for business very bright.
The West Coast Timber Company. Ltd., of
which E. B. Morgan is president and II. G. Ross
secretary-treasurer, lias recently acquired from
the Dominion Government J,500 acres of choice
timber land on the North Arm of Burrard Inlet.
The Company also owns some valuable limits on
the coast. A contract has just been let for 10,-
000 cords of shingle bolts for the local market.
Per Pair
Sold everywhere for $7.50
Mail Orders Promptly Attended to
Mr. Jas. A. Moore, of the Moore Investment
Company, of Seattle, was a recent visitor in connection with logging business. Mr. Moore has
just returned home after an extensive trip over
Vancouver Island, where he had been looking up
several timber locations belonging to the E. &
N. Railway Company. He has negotiations under way for the purchase of some 100,000 acres of
timber lands owned by that company.
Hastings St., Vancouver; Columbia St., New Westminster
'icimty
^XlllllllllllXIIIXUIIIIIIIXIIXIIIIIIIIIIIIIXIIIIXIIIIIIIIIIIXIIIiy
a Vancouver dL \J\
itxxxxxiixxixiiixiiiiiixiiixxixiiiiiiiixxiixii::ixixnixixxiiii;;ixiif1
Mr. J. G. Scott, manager of the Pacific Coast
Lumber Mills, Ltd., was a Vancouver representative at the recent meeting of the Western Retail
,umber Dealers' Association.
Mr. Nicol Thompson left for England on April
1st for the purpose of closing contracts with the
Swan & Hunter Company of Newcastle-on-Tyne
for the iron and steel work to be used in the construction of the large drydock of the Vancouver
Drydock and Shipbuilding Company. Mr.
Thompson stated that in all probability this material will be shipped via the Suez canal on vessels
of the China Mutual or the Ocean Steamship line,
for deliverv in Vancouver.
^Alexander  McKay,  late   of  Gibson's   Landing,
C, is placing a small portable mill on  some
|its south of Vancouver city, and intends cut-
shingle bolts with the plant.
Ir. McGibbon, manager of the Canadian Rub-
|Company of Montreal, was a recent visitor
Vancouver. Mr. McGibbon was well satis-
'with the business outlook for his company
le West.
At a recent meeting of the New Westminster
City Council a letter was read from Robert
Moore, who asks for a fifty-year lease of the foreshore and land west of the Lulu Island bridge,
known as Dock Square. He proposes to erect
thereon and operate a saw mill plant, the initial
cost of which will be $50,000. He will employ
at least fifty men, all whites. The communication
was referred to the Finance Committee and arrangements made for a conference between Mr.
Moore and the Council.
W. J. Beam has completed the removal of his
sash and door factory from Hastings street east,
Vancouver, to the line new building recently
erected on False Creek.
. W. W. McDonnell, of Seattle, graced our of-
with his presence a few weeks ago, to express
appreciation of the "Lumberman." Air. McDonnell owns some valuable timber limits on the
lainland coast.
The formation of a Loggers' Association in
Vancouver, in which Mr. G. S. Emerson took a
prominent part, does not meet with cordial support from loggers themselves, and there is little
prospect of affecting the combination.
i
'
The annual general meeting of the Victoria
Lumber & Manufacturing Company, Limited,
held at their office, No. 2 Broughton street, on
Monday. 7th inst., for the purpose of electing directors and transacting other business.
A well-known Vancouver capitalist coupled
with the South Vancouver Lumber Company,
Limited, has purchased from Mr. J. G. Hutchinson his controlling interest in the Hutchinson
Lumber Company, Limited, which has for the
past year been operating the Eburne sawmill. The
mill will be run as usual, and will probably be
kept under the same management as at present.
The name Hutchinson Lumber Company, Ltd.,
will be dropped, as Mr. Hutchinson has recalled
all the capital stock, and the new owners of the
mill will likely operate as the South Vancouver
Company,  Limited.
The Brunette Saw Mills Company has purchased and will install as soon as it arrives, a
dovetailing machine for their box factory. They
have recently set up a new and up-to-date box
printing press and expect to do an extensive box-
making trade with all parts of the province this
season.
The blockade on the C. P. R., now happily lifted, has seriously inconvenienced local mills, in
filling car orders for the interior, and will mean
an extraordinary effort in the part of the railroad
company to meet the demand for cars, which has
already arisen from the accumulation of orders
stacked up in the various lumber yards in this
city.
VANCOUVER'S GROWTH.
Mr. James Robertson, president of the James
Robertson Company, Limited, of Montreal, is expected in Vancouver shortly. It is said that his
visit west is for the purpose of enquiring into the
opportunities of establishing a manufacturing
branch of the Dominion Saw Works of which his
company are the proprietors.
The Canadian Pipe & Foundry Company is the
title of a new company recently started in Van-
Building permits issued during the past month
show an increase of $66,569 over March, 1903.
The total value was $169,585. For the same
period last year the aggregate was $102,996. A
feature of last month's building permits was the
large number taken out for new residences to be
erected in Fairview and Mount Pleasant. Fair-
view has perhaps more new dwellings in process
of construction than any other portion of the
city. The total of the month's building operations is largely made up of dwellings.
ANNUAL REPORT.
The Western Retail Lumber Dealers' Associa
tion Holds an Important Meeting at Win
nipeg.
The following reports of the President and Sec
retary of the Western Retail Lumber Dealers' As
sociation were read at the annual general mectin
of the Association held at Winnipeg on the 25M1
ulto. Owing to the absence of Mr. J. L. Camp
bell, of Melita, Man., the President of the Asso
ciation, his address was read by Mr. A. M. Stew
art. who presided at the meetings:
"It  was never  the intention  of the  promoters
of this association to found a combine or monopoly.    The  objects  in  view  were  to  improve  tin
business and financial standing of the retail dcalei.
to enable him to give the public a better service,
to  ensure  him   a   fair   and   reasonable   return   for
his  labor and  capital,  to  enable  him  to live  anil
meet   his   obligations   without   unduly   enhancing
the   cost   of  lumber   to   the    consumer.      Surely
these   are   laudable   objects.     That   the   founders
have  not  been   altogether disappointed  we  have
only   to   look   at   results.     There   you   will   filial
larger, better and more varied stock in better coil
dition   than   in   the   retail   yards  of   this   country,
What   class   of   business   men   gives   so   large   .1
measure  of financial   accommodation   to  its  customers?   Surely these are very great and substan
tial   advantages,  especially  in  a  country  such  as
this, where the settler for the most part is large
ly dependent upon the generous treatment of the
business man.    And  this   favorable  condition  of
the trade has been brought about without unduly
enhancing the price to the consumer.     1  submit
without  fear of successful  contradiction  that  no
other  similar   business   man   in   the   country   has
so  small  a  percentage  of profits  on   his goods
as the retail lumberman.    I am perfectly satisfied
that were the whole
Question of Gains and Losses
submitted to a committee of disinterested business
men, not only would this contention be sustained,
but also it would be found that the percentage of
profit is not higher than that obtained before this
Association was called into existence. True, lumber has advanced in price during the past few
years; so have land, and wheat, and horses. In
lumber, as in these, the price is fixed by the immutable law of supply and demand. At no time
in the history of this vast country has the d<-
mand for building material been so great as in
recent years. This great demand could only be
met by increased energy and consequent increased cost of production. These conditions, and
these alone, are responsible for the increase in
price. Notwithstanding this, I think it better t<<
have met the demand, even at greater cost, than
not to have met it at all.
Combiners' Designs Foiled.
"It is true that men connected with our Asso
ciation have used their best endeavors, vainly,
T am glad to say, to make it a machine for the
establishment of a monopoly. Their propositions
were vigorously mid successfully opposed by men
of loftier minds, who saw iniquity in the attempt
and danger to the well-being of our Association.
Foiled in their designs, they sought revenge by
trying to ruin through calumny what they could
not destroy through bad counsel. These men succeeded in loud-voiced acclaim in agitating the public mind. Their utterances were so extravagant,
so exaggerated, so wide of facts, that had they not
mentioned the Association by name, we would
have been forced to the conclusion that they did
not mean us at all."
Report of the Secretary.
Secretary Cockburn, in opening his annual report, noted the prosperity evidenced by the
finances of the Association, which now had a
yard membership of 155 active and 27 honorary
members during 1903. General harmony prevailed
among the members, although there had been a
1 BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
13
small percentage out of harmony for unduly cutting prices. ,
The supply of lumber a year ago had been entirely inadequate, but this year the Association
was eminently prepared for the spring trade.
"It is well known," the secretary said, "that our
by-laws do not permit of more than a charge of
20 per cent, over the wholesale cost to be the
price, and 1 have no knowledge of any price list
exceeding that as a cash basis, and I do know
of price lists which are at less than that on that
basis. It has been charged that an exorbitant
price has been charged in some instances by isolated members, but I have striven without success
to discover any such case. However, this may
have possibly occurred, and with the considerable
membership we have there may be some one individual disposed to take an undue advantage of
tin   unthinking, but it does not follow from  the
rub
u the by-laws of the Association that any
ember  is  privileged or  can  debar another
u ber from selling lumber on a basis of 20 per
•   over the wholesale cost at any one point.   I
mid   much   regret   to   find   that   any   member
w"iil(l be dishonorable enough to overcharge his
customer when opportunity offers itself.    In the
various business  spheres  there have been found
persons who would turn aside'from probity and
fair dealing to take undue advantage in the matter of gain when afforded opportunity.    You can
rest assured that were I to receive evidence of a
transaction of that nature I would speedily bring
it before  the directors, and expulsion would follow     It is scarcely fair to circulate statements of
that  nature  and   withhold  information as to  the
culpable party.
The C.  P. R. and Cheap Lumber.
"In the interests of the advancement and development of the country the Canadian Pacific
Railway Company have made a deliverance on the
necessity '>\ cheap lumber to be provided for the
intending settler. With this we are in accord with
them and are most desirous that it may be made
possible, and with this purpose I would most
respectfully suggest that the railway company
take nit" their serious consideration the great part
devolving upon them in bringing about a reduc-
tion 111 the cost of lumber to the consumer, and
ii"i necessarily by their embarking into the lumber business, either as manufacturers or otherwise, but instituting a more liberal and reasonable
lumber tariff.
"Sir Thomas Sbaughnessy. recently, in delivering an address at the Canada Club of Toronto,
spoke as follows; "Transportation was the greatest question of every community. In this country, many portions of which are unpopulated,
transportation becomes of paramount importance.
Nothing exercises so important an influence upon
the progress and at times upon the destiny of a
country as the transportation system.'"
"Mr, Whyte having already given emphasis to
tin importance of cheap lumber in the encouragement of the settlement and development of
the country should not now be slow to remedy
the existing responsibility of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company for the stupendous lumber
tariff enforced by causing at once to be made a
revision of the same with a general overhauling
"id cutting-down process and lowering of the
tariff rates on lumber. With this being done great
will be the blessing and relief to the lumber dealer, the settler and the country at large; otherwise
most assuredly so long as the Canadian Pacific
Railway continues the dominant railway for the
carriage of lumber in this Western country, the
lumber must be high in cost, excepting in districts
where the railway haulage is short indeed.
Freight Charges From the Coast.
"1 have been glancing over the lumber tariff
somewhat, but before referring to it, I would first
direct your attention to the bald statement of a
newspaper of Vancouver announcing that the
Canadian Pacific Railway had reduced the tariff
rate on lumber $2.50 per 1,000 feet. Of course
this was something pleasing to send forth to the
public, but I am sorry to say misleading in the
extreme,   and  you   will  be  surprised  how   little
change really did take place in the way of reduction. Hitherto the shipments from the Coast
were subject to a traiff of 40c per 100 pounds
upon fir lumber and upon cedar and other lumber,
50c. per 100 lbs. The tariff has now changed upon
cedar and other lumber to 40c per 100 pounds,
upon dimension and the lower grades up to that
of ship-lap, being the same rate as that of fir;
but upon grades of cedar and other lumber better than ship-lap grade the former price of 50c
per 100 pounds continues in force. The Coast
manufacturers have issued a circular to the retail
dealers intimating that they have decided to reduce ship-lap and common grade of lumber $1.00
per 1,000 feet, the better grades remaining at
former prices, and the freight tariff, I am informed, remained just where it was upon the better grade of lumber. It is not necessary for me
to state to you that the quality of lumber that
has been reduced in price comes in competition
with the dimension and ship-lap of the mountain,
the white pine and spruce lumber, and which
have been of less haulage, have been mostly
sought after by the dealers. I have been told
that the mountain manufacturers are reducing
their lumber to the extent of $i.oo per T.ooo feet
in the hope that the Canadian Pacific Railway
will reduce the tariff upon that lumber to the extent of 50c or 60c per T,ooo feet.   This will show
rough lumber. Rapid City from Brandon, 33
miles, tariff 4 i-2c more than to Melbourne, 35
miles, being extra cost per 1,000 feet, 90c on
dressed lumber, and $1.35 on undressed. Miniota,
on the Miniota branch, 77 miles from Brandon,
extra cost 6c more than to Portage la Prairie, similar mileage, extra per 1,000 feet, dressed lumber
$1.20 and undressed $1.80.
$8.00 per 1,000 for Freight.
The Kirkella branch is much higher per mileage than upon the Miniota branch, a car from a
point on the Canadian Northern Railway to Ro-
canville on that line the freight charges amount
to equal to $8.00 per thousand feet, having a mileage on the Canadian Northern Railway of 172
miles with a 10-cent rate and a mileage of 147
miles on the C. P. R. with a 14-cent rate. Then
a car shipped to a point on the Kirkella branch
from British Columbia, costing at the mill $154.97,
and the railway freight on the same $261.00, totalling $415.97, showing the net manufacturer to receive 32.45 per cent., railway company 54.66 per
cent., retail dealer 12.89 Per cent. The following
is a memo showing the disproportionate charges
of the C. P. R. on spruce lumber shipped over the
Canadian Northern Railway and that of the C. P.
R. being shipped to points on the Canadian Pacific Railway:
you how disappointing has been the looked for
reduction on the cost of lumber, and that the
Canadian Pacific Railway has given away very
little, and that apparently very reluctantly. The
freight charge is high ,and necessarily is made
high to the dealer, when a freight of $8.00 or $10
per 1,000 has to be added to the mill price at
place of shipment.
An Unfair Discrepancy.
"Then again there appears to be an apparent
unfair and unjust discrepancy existing in a tariff
upon lumber pertaining to several branch lines
upon a haulage of similar miles on the main line
and branch lines to the south. Upon fir and
mountain lumber along the Minnedosa and York-
ton branch; for instance, Basswood station, 88
miles from Portage la Prairie, the tariff is 7 cents
per 100 pounds more than to Otterbourne, having a similar mileage. This extra charge on
dressed lumber is $1.40 and undressed lumber
$710 per 1,000 feet. Kehoe, 123 miles from Portage la Prairie, the extra charge is 8 i-2c per 100
pounds more than to Emerson a similar mileage,
being extra per 1,00c feet of dressed lumber, $1.70,
and undressed lumber, $2.55- Macdonald. 10 miles
from Portage la Prairie, extra tariff 3c per 100
pounds more than to Poplar Point, which is 16
miles from Portage la Prairie; extra cost per 1.000
feet  60c upon dressed lumber, 00c per 1,000 on
C. N. R. and C. P. R. Rates Compared.
C.N.R. C.P.R.
Mile Mile     Tt!.
Shipped to— Miles Rate   Miles Rate Miles
Rapid  City    136 8 59 9 195
Oak   River     136 8 74 10 210
Miniota     136 8 103 12 239
Minnedosa    136 8 44 7 180
Newdale    136 8 62 9 198
Foxwarren    136 8 no 12 245
Langenburg    136 8 145 14 281
Yorkton    136 8 188 15 324
Austin    173 10 28 6 201
Carberry    173 10 49 8 222
Kirkella 173 10 147 14 320
Taking the comparative charges of the above
on a basis of 100 miles for each line of railway, the
Canadian Northern Railway will be found to have
charged a rate of $5.85 per 100 lbs. on 100 miles,
while the C. P. R. Company charge n I-2C per 100
lbs. on 100 miles, or being a higher charge of
961-2 per cent, over that of the Canadian Northern, or equal per thousand feet by the Canadian
Northern $1.17, and that of the C. P. R. $2.30 per
thousand feet, or an excess charge of the C. P. R.
for the same mileage of $1.13 per thousand feet
or 96 1-2 per cent, greater. j
;        A
.
J
■.,
BRITISH  COLUMBIA   LUMBERMAN
Thomas Kirkpatrick
MANUFACTURER OF
RED CEDAR
-SHINGLES-
Daily Capacity, 250,000
Mills at Hastings and New Westminster
HEAD Of FICE, HASTINGS, B. G.
Boyd,
Burns & Co.,
Orders Solicited and Correspondence
Promptly Attended to
Telephone B 1425
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Engineering Supplies
Ship Chandlery ....
Iron Pipe, Valves, Belting,
Pipe Fittings, Wood Pulleys,
Steam Packing,      Wire Rope.
SHINGLE   MILL   MACHINERY.
Vancouver( B. C,
January 29th, 1902.
Mr. Frank L. Johnson, Sapper ton, B. C.
Dear Sir:
Replying to your enquiry of a few days
Ago, as to how we liked the Improved "Johnson" Shingle Machine which we recently
purchased from the Schaake Machine Works,
wc are glad to be able to state that we are
much pleased with it.
\\ e have had experience with a good
many styles of Shingle Machines, and
in our opinion this one is the best ot
all. The two important points in which
this machine excels all others is the style of
friction, and the method ot driving the carriage, the former being very simple and
positive, and the latter improvements making the machine work very smooth and easy,
without any jar or jerk.
If we were building another mill we
would have no other kind ot machine.
Yours truly,
THE   SPICER   SHINGLE   MILL   CO.,
Limited.
H. H. SPICER, Manager.
Drag Saw Machines, Jack Works,
Log Haul-Ups, Log Haul-Up Chains,
Combined Log Dog Grip and Stops,
Friction Log Dog Grip Hoists,
Knee Bolters, Bolt Cutting Machines,
Swing Saw Cutting-off Machines,
Shingle Packers,
Dried Shingle Presses,
Shafting, Hangers, Bearings, Pulleys,
Pulley Flanges, Shaft Collars,
Shaft Couplings, Engines, Boilers,
Conveyor Chains, Etc. Etc., Etc., Etc.
Look into the merits and prices of our
machinery before pJacing your orders
•JOHNSON'S" IMPROVED UPRIGHT SHINGLE MACHINE.
THE SCHAAKE MACHINE WORKS,
NEW WESTMINSTER,
British Columbia
 =- BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
15
How Lumber Cost is Divided.
A car of lath shipped from Ladysmith to Calgary the manufacturer received therefor $44.55,
the railway company for freight $t82.45, making
$227.00; the cost to consumer , $243; for this the
manufacturer gets 18.04 per cent., railway company 75.12 per cent., retail dealer 6.54 per cent.
tar, Vancouver to Regina, three cars 64,533
feet  -
Manufacturer gets at mill    $   692 57
Railway   gets         695 00
1 lealcr         206 59
Sold to consumer at  $1,593 96
country is being carried on at all points. Commencing at the west end of Lake Superior and
westward and north through the Dauphin district
and on to Prince Albert, Edmonton and south
along the Calgary and Edmonton railway, as far
south as Okotoks and High River and the vicinity tributary to Macleod, together with the extensive operations of both the mountain and coast
of British Columbia. On these several timber
areas there are over one hundred mills manufacturing lumber and shingles for this market, and as
to the price of lumber at wholesale, competition
and selling is carried on actively. Spruce lumber,
somewhat lower in price,   has become   much in
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A   LUXURIANT   GROWTH   OF   DEVILS   CLUB
Manufacturer gets   43-44 per cent.
Railway gets    43.62 per cent.
Duller   12.94 per cent.
,   3.78o feet sold at  Innisfail —
Railway charge for freight 19.06 per cent.
Retail  dealer   13.10 per cent.
One car from Vancouver to Dundurn—
Cost at mill $ 158 84
Railway charge for freight  212 49
Retail Dealer '.  87 93
Cartage    9 76
Cost to consumer    $2,468 93
-Manufacturer gets    %H 9°
Railway freight   35 44
Retail dealer  18 70
Two cars to Moosomin, railway gets on cost
to consumer 33.17 per cent., dealer 17.33 percent.
On four cars, Vancouver to Morris, railway gets
on cost to consumer 41.02 per cent., retail dealer
gets 14.78 per cent.
In addition to the above I have procured from
a number of dealers along the main line of the
Canadian Pacific Railway and the Pembina, Min-
nedosa and Yorkton, Prince Albert and Edmonton branches, a statement of the cost of lumber
from Vancouver and the mountains, covering
about twenty-eight points, and I find that the
railway company receives for freight an average
of 25 97-100 per cent, of the cost of the lumber
to the consumer, and that the retail dealers receive an average of 15 21-100 per cent, of the cost
of the lumber to the consumer. This, I think,
should be conclusive as to whether the retail
dealer obtains excessive profits upon the business
done by him when it is borne in mind that the
expenses entailed in carrying on a lumber business are estimated to be 10 per cent, thereon. I
also think that the public can readily conclude
whether the railway company are really doing
their utmost to lessen the cost of lumber in the
matter of transportation.
The Lumber Industry.
"The lumber areas are more or less widely separated and manufacturing for the markets of this
request of builders, and this present season the
manufacture of it will amount to one hundred and
fifteen million feet or over. We find the manufacturers of spruce competing in this class with
white pine and mountain lumber, and white pine
and mountain lumber being pushed for sale at all
points, and the extensive manufacturers of the
Coast are everywhere in the market. At present
owing to the high cost of transportation, the white
"Preamble—Wc realize the convenience if not
necessity of the retail lumber dealer in every
community, and we are interested in the promotion of the general welfare and the perpetuation
of the lumber business. We recognize the absolute right and necessity of every person, partnership or corporation to fix and establish such
a price as may enable him or them to realize a
fair and honest profit on all lumber and lumber
products by him or them, and to enter into such
agreement or arrangement with that object in
view as may be deemed advisable or expedient
without in any way unreasonably enhancing the
price thereof or unduly preventing or lessening
the supply thereof.
"By-laws—Whereas it is expedient and proper
that all members of this association make a price
list for the points for which membership has been
granted, and that all lumber and timber usually
sold in retail lumber yards be charged for at not
more than 20 per cent, over wholesale cost.
"An active member may ship in car lots or less
quantity, timber or other material to points other
than that for which such dealer has membership,
providing the sale is made at the price governing
that point where shipment may be sent to, except that lumber, timber or other material usually sold in retail yards may not be sent on consignment for sale by him or stored for sale at any
other point other than that for which membership has been obtained.
"Members of this association are not, as has
been been presumed, in sympathy with maintaining high prices, but on the contrary are actuated
with motives to procure lumber as cheaply as they
possibly can, and never fail to make the best possible purchases when canvassed for orders.
"Membership in the association is contingent
upon the undertaking to keep a full and adequate
stock of lumber for the requirements of the district where located, and failure in this means a
further membership being granted to such point.
The Retail Trade.
"Much unfavorable comment has been advanced
as to the restrictive tendency of the association.
In answer to this I might state that there are
now 337 active members or retail dealers who attend to the retail lumber business of this Province
and the Territories, and with the operation of
railways now in course of construction, there will
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LOGGING   WITH    OX   TEAMS
pine    manufacturers    are unable to successfully
meet competition west of Indian Head.
Rules of the Association.
"With the object of giving a fuller knowledge
of the purposes of the association, I take the liberty of reciting in brief the preamble and the important sections of the by-laws of it:
be over 500 lumber yards. At one hundred points
there are two lumber yards, sixteen points three
yards, seven points four yards, and eight in the
city, with increasing membership as the business
warrants it. On lines of railway in course of construction all applications for membership without any preference in the matter of priority of application is granted, and in extending the associa- I   '
16
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
t ■   i
tion beyond its present confines all dealers are accepted on an equality.
"This association is careful t<> look into the interests of the purchaser as well as the seller of
lumber, insisting that no exorbitant charge be
made on lumber, and the requirements of the
country for lumber is looked carefully after. This
association is administered by a careful board of
directors who are capable of grappling with any
situation that may arise. There is no association
whether mercantile or professional which is conducted on broader lines, and the members of it
appreciate the advantage of it to them in their
business. Exception has been taken to this association as being calculated to foster high prices,
but it will be observed from the preamble and bylaws of it, that such is not contemplated, and
rather that the purpose is to enforce legitimate
business conducted on a moderate percentage
over the wholesale cost, as therein stated, and I
think as shown by the foregoing statement of the
percentage received by the retail dealer it is very
moderate indeed, especially after deducting therefrom the expense attending a retail yard and interest account, which must necessarily mean a
considerable sum.
The Retailers' Difficulty.
"The business of the retail lumber dealers at the
small towns and outlying country points carries
with it more or less difficulty. It is largely one
of credit, depending upon the sale of the growing
crop for reimbursement, which is attended with
considerable uncertainty, and not unfrequently
the dealer finds himself compelled to wait for
payments after the sale of the crop of the following year. Even this year a large sum is not collected yet, owing to misfortune overtaking the
farmers in some localities with frosts and hail
storms Indeed I have been informed that in
some prosperous localities it is difficult to make
ash sales enough to pay freight upon the lumber,
hen it is considered that many of the cars of
mber from British Columbia are subject to
eight charges of from $200 to $300 and over, it
quires some financing on the part of the dealers
country points to procure the necessary cash
freight.
The great uncertainty experienced  in the de-
of lumber   in transit   after being   shipped is
y    damaging    to the retail trade,    and    there
feuld be some assurance on the part of the rail-
y company that lumber will reach its destina-
bn within a few days after the necessary   time
br delivery of it at the point of destination, and
ot delay   it weeks    and months in transit,   and
prevent a very serious detriment to business and
disappointment  to   the  builders  depending  upon
receiving such lumber for their purposes.
No Scarcity Anticipated.
"As to the undue cost of lumber on the part of
the manufacturers, I do not think there need be
any concern, when it is taken into consideration
the large and varied manufacturing interests, having a storing disposition on the part of manufacturers to prevent an accumulation of lumber in
stock. Nor need there be cause for alarm as to
the supply of lumber, which will be found to be
quite large enough to meet all demands. At the
end of the lumbering season of 1903 there was
estimated in the lumber yards of the mills to be
about 140,000,000 feet and perhaps 80,000,000 feet
in the yards of the retail dealers throughout the
country. The probability is that the end of 1904
the lumber in stock at the mills will be found to
have increased."
TENDERS INVITED.
The Provincial Government, through the Deputy Commissioner of Lands and Works, at Victoria, is calling for tenders for timber cutting
leases upon lots 5077-8, situated on Fry Creek,
West Kootenay, containing an aggregate of 1,280
acres, also upon lots 6280-1, 6341-2, on Lardo
River and Howser Creek, West Kootenay, containing an agregate of 5,210 acres. Tenders upon
each will be received up till noon of May 4th
next.
tfXIXIXXXXIXXXXXXXXIXIXXXXXXXIXIXXXIXIXXXIXIXXIXXIIIIXXXXXXIXXXXIXXfc
I z) ro^incial deformation a
Mxxxxj.xxxxixxxiixxxxixiixxxxixixxxxxxxxxxxjxxxixxxixiiixixxxiixiixxI
Work has been completed on the erection oi
the saw mill for the Wilmer Lumber Company at
Toby  Lake, and the mill  has commenced  t>> CUt.
The Big Bend 1.umber Company's large saw
mill at Arrowhead started sawing lumber at full
blast on March 15th.
The saw mill's of the East Kootenay Lumber
Company at Ryan, Cranbrook and J affray started
cutting the first of the month.
Loggers Thomas Fenwick and E. J. Cann have
each about 500,000 feet of logs at their camps on
the Kootenay River ready to drive when the water
rises.
The Harbor Lumber Company is arranging for
the establishment of three additional logging
camps on Fish River, and is extending its wharf
at Comaplix.
The Kamloops Saw Mill is making extensive
improvements around the mill and is getting out
a lot of rock for building a stone pier at the end
of the boom.
E. L. Kinman has commenced work on his contract for the Canadian Timber & Sawr Mills Company of Trout Lake, to supply that company with
100,000,000 feet of logs.
The Crow's Nest Lumber Company at Wardner, finding it necessary to cut the logs in the
boom now laying in the river before high water,
is keeping the mill running day and night.
Logging activity around Princeton in the Simil-
kameen valley is now ended and some 24,000,000
feet of logs have been hauled over the snow to
the different local mills for the season's cut.
W. Wardrop, manager of the Elkmouth Lumber Company, reports that the Elkmouth mill
will start cutting as soon as the river rises to a
sufficient height to permit of the driving of logs.
J. B. Winlaw, of Winlaw Siding, has secured a
contract from the city of Sandon to furnish 50,000
feet of plank for flume purposes. The creek running through the town of Sandon will be flumed.
^ The new machinery for the Canadian Timber &
Saw Mills Company of Trout Lake is being rapidly assembled. The first of next month will see
everything in position and the mill running full
blast.
The Palliser Mills, at I'alliser, B. C, will begin
operations about May 15th, and expects to cut
about four and one-half million feet of lumber.
Logging operations during the winter have been
very satisfactory.
^ Preparations are being made at the mills of the
Columbia River Lumber Company at Beaver and
Golden for an early start next month, and as
soon as the ice leaves the rivers work will be commenced. Indications point to a profitable season
for this company's operations.
The Kootenays seem to have a particular attraction for lumbermen from the States, judging from
the local items in interior papers recording visits
of prominent lumbermen from the other side.
Messrs. Graff and Moyie, of Duluth, Minn., paid
the Kootenay River district a visit a few weeks
ago, while from Nelson we learn that several representatives of Eastern Canadian and American
lumbering concerns are anxious to secure timber
limits and sites in that section.
Messrs. Carrttthers, Dickson & Howes, of Vic
toria,   B.  C,  manufacturers  of    office  and  store
fixtures, recently closed  a contract  with  an   Ed
monton  firm   for a carload  of    fixtures  for  that
city.     This   is   the  second  carload  ordered  from
Edmonton of the linn in question.
The Owen Sound Lumber Company has -•
cured a site for a lumber yard near New We
minster Junction. The company intends to shi
9quare timber to its mills on Owen Sound, an
for this purpose will erect a portable mill, th
necessary timber to keep this running lias alsi
been secured.
A party of Spokane milimen, Messrs. Grado,
Owman and Carlson, are contemplating erecting a
mill in the neighborhood of Morrissey Junction,
which, they say, will give employment to some
35 or 40 men. These men have been operating
a mill in Montana, and it is this they proposi
moving to  Morrissey.
Mr. Beyer, of Silverdale, near Wharnock, who
has been running a portable mill, cutting ties for
the C. P. R. on the Hughes ranch for some time,
is about to move down the Silver Creek, win
he has secured a considerable tract of timber and
intends to build a flume and float the ties dm t
from the mill to the C. P. R.
Messrs.   Cooper,  Wilder  and  Moorhouse  have
secured the contract to cut timber to supply the
mill, and  Messrs. Conley and Jamieson the haul
ing.    Operations are now under way.
1). II. Campbell, of Kamloops, B. C, has the
steam turned on in his new premises and is al
ready using some of his new machinery preparing
for the installation of additional plant. The engine is supplied by McCullough, of Gait, Ont.,
and is capable of giving 40 h.p. When all the
machinery is in place the plant will be a vei\
complete one, including planer, morticer, ten
nant machine, etc., and will be a great improvement over the old plant wdiich has been outgrown
by the increasing demand for :.ashes and door-..
Mountain Lumber Freight Tariff.
As a result of a conference between representatives of the Mountain lumbermen and Mr. Peters
of the C.P.R., at Calgary, an agreement has been
signed by which the terms originally offered by
the C. V. R. have been accepted. The lumbermen agree to reduce their price on lumber $1.00
per thousand throughout Assiniboia and Manitoba in return for a reduction of 2 cents per mo
lbs. in freight rates between Swift Current ami
Broadview.     The agreement is now in force.
POLITICIANS' RECOMMENDATIONS.
At a convention of the Interior Liberals of British Columbia, recently held at Rossland, the following resolution in connection with lumber affairs was adopted:
"This council desires to direct the attention of
the Dominion Government to the condition of the
lumber industry in the interior of British Columbia. \\ e fully appreciate the importance, in fact,
the absolute necessity of providing the settlers
of Manitoba and the Northwest Territories with
lumber at reasonable rates. At the same time wc
must impress upon the Government the disadvantage under which this industry suffers today, owing, we believe, to ;i combination of circumstances
which demand careful consideration. Excessive-
freight rates and a combine among the retailers
are, we believe, the chief causes of complaint. We
therefore recommend that the question of freight
rates be at once referred to the railway commission; and that the Minster of Trade and Com
merce cause immediate inquiry to be made int"
the alleged existence of a combination among the
retailers. The situation is grave and prompt relief is imperative. This council will be pleased
to co-operate with the Government in the matter."
if,.
s BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
17
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.
Ottawa, 29th March, 1904.
Re Forestration.
I Icar Sir,
In your issue of January you quote the State-
m,.in ol I)   E. Everbs, a lumberman of Holland,
who  states  that   for  many  years past  the continental nations have been giving great care to re-
■ .Ming, but are finding the method tedious and
almost impracticable through the lapse of time re-
qiiired to grow trees large enough to make tine
timber, which  is about two hundred years;  that
a growth timber appears to be the special prey
storms and disasters resulting    from the ele-
nts, finally making such  regions swampy and
1 shy districts  in  which  stunted and deformed
,vths of straggly and worthless timber grow;
it takes several generations of trees to pro-
the conditions for a perfect growth of tini-
and consequently, once  the forests    of    the
;ii are cut off there will be a period of 700 or
■ years during which there will be a very poor
I   ility of timber.
Mr.   Everbs  presumably  speaks  from  personal
vvledge, so that  his remarks have  the special
,vi  -lit that that fact gives, but from what 1 have
been able to ascertain by careful reading and by
unversation with persons who have visited European  forest  districts and are  familiar with their
condition,  he  must  either  have been misreported
or  else  was   not   weighing  bis    statements  with
pri 'per care.
Germany,  of  all  states,  has  worked  out most
thoroughly   its   system  of     forest    management.
blither by nature reseeding, provided for by cutting 111 -1r 11 >> or by selection so as to leave sulli-
1 :it mature trees until a new growth is started
>n( the denuded areas, or by sowing the seed in
urseries and transplanting the seedlings into the
rest, the reproduction of the trees is provided
;. and  for  a century at  least this  method has
en followed, being gradually worked out more
more completely.    The following are the re
- for a tract of 430,000 acres in Saxony:     For
d [817 to 1826 the felling budget per acre,
cut of wood averaged to the number of
00 cubic feet, the percentage of timber
nig 17; for the period 1854-63 the figures
70 and 48 respectively; and for the period
I 93, 00 ami 79.     That is, the product per acre
wood had increased for the    whole period 50
I'er cent,  and the proportion of timber wood in
tin- product had increased from  17 to 79.     The
I glues fur other German States are in the same
direction   and  these  forests  are    far  from being
composed  of  stunted  and  deformed  trees.     On
the contrary trees of that class are removed in
the early stages and the mature forest presents a
vista of elear, clean trunks and thrifty trees which
produce lumber of good quality.    These lands, al-
though usually the poorest and lightest, are enriched by the humus formed from the forest litter but  are not by any means rendered swamps
or marshes.     They are kept clear of unnecessary
'lebris, are provided with  good roads, rendering
them   easily   accessible, and   are   usually    better
drained  than  the  forest    lands in Canada.     The
increase  in  quantity and    quality    of    timber  as
shown by the above-quoted figures disposes effectively of a large part of Mr. Fverbs' statements.
fhe fact however remains that in order to obtain timber such as is being cut in Canada to-day
a longer period of growth  than  that  which the
usual   German   plan   of   cutting   provides  for   is
necessary. The age to which the trees are allowed
to stand  is  usually from  eighty to one hundred
years, but the quality of the timber produced is
not equal to that of our Canadian forests where
the a^cs run well up into the hundreds, and German foresters will sometimes leave some selected
trees when making their cuttings and allow them
to mature further, possibly for a total period of
about the 200 years mentioned    by Mr. Everbs.
As to the possibilities of second growth timber on
this continent  I  may mention the  statement of
one of the largest operators in the Ottawa valley
to the  effect  that  the  greatest competition   the
white pine has to face in the New England market is from second growth timber in the State of
Vermont.
Ihere is no evidence to justify the statement
that new growth timber appears to be the special
prey of storms and disasters resulting from the
elements, other than the fact that the opening
up of the forest always gives more play to such
forces. Even then the effect of storms would be
more likely to be felt on the old standing timber
that might be left, and if the new growth is subjected to injury it is probably the result of injudicious cutting and exposing to the elements
of lands that should have always been kept under
a protective forest.
That the present Canadian forest is the result
of the evolution of centuries, that the forest soil
has been built up by slow and painful processes
through the lapse of years, and that where these
lands have been denuded both of forest and soil,
the unaided processes of nature will take centuries
to rebuild it in its pristine glory, are quite true,
and all over this Dominion there will be cause yet
to rue the thorough destruction of both timber
and soil which has been allowed to take place altogether too widely in our timbered areas. But
the chief constituents of tree growth are not from
the soil but from the air and the water, and it requires only a wise management in the cutting of
a forest to ensure that the soil should be sufficiently both exposed and protected to make it a
suitable bed for the germination of tree seeds and
the reproduction of a timber forest of good
quality for all time.
Anyone who has made even a cursory investigation of the matter knows that the trees from
which the best timber is now being cut in Canada
are none less than a century in existence and
most of them very much more, and admitting all
that has been established by the experience of
Germany and other European countries, the fact
stands out clearly that, once the present stand
has gone, we can never wait again for the trees
to reach the stage of maturity and produce the
quality of timber to which they have now attained, and there is the more urgent necessity to provide that what we now have shall not be destroyed carelessly and uselessly. The greatest enemy
to the forests is fire, and whatever may be the development of forest adminitration in Canada in
future, the great need of the present is protection
from this danger. That is the necessary first
step, the basis on which everything else must
rest, for until immunity in this respect is made
reasonably sure no advance can be made in any
other direction. The forest interests of British
Columbia are large and increasingly valuable, and
as they will more and more become a source of
revenue to the Province, their preservation is a
matter of concern not only to those engaged in
the business of lumbering, but to every public-
spirited citizen.
The subject might be enlarged upon, but this
communication has already reached too great
length. I merely wished, as representing the
Canadian Forestry Association, to call attention
to some facts, established by good evidence,
which go to show that the statements above referred to in regard to forest reproduction are
contradicted by experience in many important
respects, and so that your readers may not be
misled into any misapprehension that would prevent their taking an interest in the question.
Thanking you for the opportunity of doing so.
Yours very truly,
R. H. CAMPBELL,
Secretary  Canadian   Forestry  Association.
Minnedosa, Man., April 5, 1904.
Dear Sir,—Kindly permit me to say you are
mistaken in your remark, frequently repeated,
that the B. C. manufacturers have made a "cut"
or reduction of $100 per thousand on their lumber. This reduction affects only "shiplap and
common grades," as per their Coast circular of
March 4. 1904. While this may be a small reduction to those points far west in the Territories,
it is not felt to even a slight extent east of say
Indian Head, as scarcely any of these two classes come east of that point.
The press of the country as a whole, as well as
the Lumberman, make quite a "toot" of this reduction as being   quite   a material   "break"   in
prices of Coast goods, and causing quite a friction
between the retail men and the buying public,
who cannot appreciate any corresponding
"break" in retail prices all around.
A very serious mistake the British Columbia
manufacturers are making is the large proportion
of 4, 6, 8 and 10 foot lengths in all kinds'of goods.
This is an unnecessary and unmitigated nuisance
and loss to retail men and injuring the British
Columbia trade.      Yours truly,
WM. BADGER.
DOMINION
To Encourage Forestry.
Winnipeg, April 15.—J. H. Haslam has offered
$1,000 for prizes to encourage forestry in Assini-
boia.
TO DAVEY JONES.
The four-masted schooner Kailua, with 1,000,-
000 feet of lumber, Port Ludlow to San Francisco, was wrecked at Clayobuot Point, on the west
coast of Vancouver Island, on or about April 1st.
Not a sign of the crew has been found.
LAND SALES ON PRAIRIES.
C. P. R. land sales during the month of March
aggregated 14,82734 acres, for which the sum of
$67,405.03 was realized, an average of about $4.55
per acre. Stormy weather that prevailed in
March accounts for the comparatively small
sales.
FIRE AT RAT PORTAGE.
Drykiln in a Lumber Yard Starts a Conflagration.
Rat Portage, April 18.—At about one o'clock
this morning the drykiln of the Rat Portage
Lumber Company was completely destroyed by
fire. Buildings and contents, valued at $15,000,
which were partially covered by insurance, were
destroyed.
PIONEER MANITOBAN DEAD.
William Robert Dick, pioneer lumber merchant,
died at Winnipeg on the 1st inst., aged 83. He
was born in Kingston and was a resident of Fen-
elon, Victoria County, Ontario, for a number of
years. In 1874 he came to Winnipeg and engaged in lumbering, acquiring great wealth before
retiring several years ago. He was a member of
the Manitoba Legislature in 1874 representing
Springfield.
For the Exposition.
A carload of interesting exhibits for St. Louis
Exposition was made up last week at the Royal
City Mills yard in this city. On this car were
placed two sections of British Columbia cedar and
spruce trees, each six feet in diameter and seven
feet long; a spruce board 48 inches wide, 16 feet
long and 3 inches thick; a dressed cedar board 48
inches wide, 16 feet long and V/2 inch in thickness. Two sectional slabs from a spruce tree
each about eight feet in diameter and 18 inches
thick; several hundred cubic feet of the root of
this monster tree, which was cut on Berth No.
52, near Port Moody.
C. P. R.'S BIG IMPROVEMENTS.
Two Monster Freight Sheds to Be Built at Winnipeg Yards.
The building of two monster freight sheds is
the latest addition to the C. P. R. improvement
plans for Winnipeg this year. One of the new
sheds will be 1224 feet long, and the other 608
feet in length.
Construction work on the company's new
roundhouses at Winnipeg, Brandon, Moosejaw,
Swift Current and Ignace commences this month.
The temporary service which the Canadian
Northern Railway Company put on its new line
between Erwood and Melfort for the convenience
of arriving settlers, has had to be abandoned on
account of high water. '
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BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
CANADIAN  FORESTRY ASSOCIATION.
Report of the Fifth Annual Meeting—Interesting
and Instructive Subjects Dealt With.
The fifth annual meeting of the Canadian Forestry Association was held in the Reception
Room, Legislative Building, Toronto, on Thursday and Friday, March io and n, 1004.
Work of the Association.
The President, Mr, Hiram Robinson, spoke
brielly of the importance of the work of the Forestry Association, and expressed his great personal interest in it as a lumberman engaged practically in the business of cutting timber.
The report of the Board of Directors showed
an increase in the membership of the Association
from 400 to 479 and in the life membership from
9 to 33. The receipts for the year, including the
grant of $300 from the Ontario Government and
of $200 from the British Columbia Government,
were $1,117.90 and the expenditure $396.80, leaving a balance on the 31st December last of
$722.16. Additional expenditure had reduced the
balance to $544.44, but this had been again augmented by a grant of $200 from the Government
of the Province of Quebec. The kindness of these
Governments in supporting the work of the Association has placed it in such a position that it
will be able to extend its work and carry it out
more effectively.
The report referred to the loss that was occasioned by the fires which occurred during the dry
part of the spring and early summer of 1903, and
in view of the proposed construction of a transcontinental railway through the forested districts
of the northern part of Canada and the projection
of other lines, urged that the Association should
give an expression of its views as to the neces-
ary precautions to be taken to prevent danger to
he timber.
The chief advances in governmental action
during the year have been the extension of the
Temegami Timber Reserve in Ontario by an area
of 3,700 square miles or 3,774,000 acres, and the
establishment of a new reservation to be known
as the Mississaga Reserve lying to the north of
Lake Huron ami estimated to comprise an area
of 3,000 square miles, or [,920,000 acres; and the
establishment of a lire ranging system in the
Province of Nova Scotia. As in that province
the forest lauds have largely passed into private
hands the system is to be based on the appointment of tire wardens for the counties, the larger
forest areas in such divisions to assist in the payment of the service by means of a special tax.
The expansion of the co-operative tree plant
ing scheme inaugurated by the Dominion Forestry
Branch is shown by the fact that in 1901, the first
year of operation, eighteen settlers were supplied
with bJ.-So trees and for the present year, 1904,
1,030 settlers will be supplied, [,700,000 trees
having been provided for this purpose. The
area of the Timber Reserves under control of the
Dominion Government has been placed by a recent estimate at 9,686,880 acres, 3.449,600 acres
being in Manitoba, 5,612,800 in the Northwest
Territories, and 624,480 acres in British Columbia. The Foothills Timber Reserve on the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains has been
opened for disposal under timber license and as
this watershed is of the highest value on account of the extensive irrigation works dependent upon its supply the cutting, if allowed at all,
should be under the most careful supervision.
Reference was also made to the necessity for a
more scientific study of the conditions of forest
growth and to the desirability of co-operation
with other societies having for their object the
beautifying of parks and streets by the planting
of trees, and the appointment of Forest Commissions by the Provinces of Quebec and Prince Edward Island was commended.
A discussion in the official organ of the asso
ciation  resulted  in  the  matter being referred to
a  committee   which  later     brought    in  a  recur,
mendation, which was concurred m by the in.
me,,  lhat   the  association  establish  an  official  1
g.ni devoted to forestry, and that the execute
committee  be  empowered  to bring  this  about
early as possible, such  publication to be as prai
tical and universal as circumstances will permi
Our Native Forest Trees and Their Use in <j.
namental Planting.
The fust paper on the programme was by M .
F. (i. Todd, landscape architect of Montreal, on
"Our Native Forest Trees and Their Use in Oi
namental Planting." The object of this papei
as to urge the use of the native trees of Canada
m  the  ornamental planting of our large parks
The general effect and character of the park
is too often lost sight of in a continual Striving
after striking details. Instead of considering
broad effects and extended landscape views and
dealing with broad masses of woods wide meadows and groups of trees placed so that their
form and shadow produce a pleasant landscape,
our parks are too often turned into a museum f r
different kinds of foreign trees and shrubs.
Parks generally have a character of their own,
some special feature which, if properly treated
may be accentuated and give us a park which
will express its dignity and character in such a
manner that we will feel at once that there is a
park, not simply a repetition, but which was designed to suit its peculiar location whether the
special character of the park is due to some magnificent w 1 or whether it  is due  to extended
views and broken topography the future character of the park depends very largely upon the
treatment which the existing woods receive ami
upon the trees which are planted from time to
time to form new woods and replace the old ami
decaying trees. \\'c are so accustomed to associating certain trees with particular scenes that
when we find them under different conditions or
The
e
HEAD    OFFICE :     VANCOUVER,   B.  C.
SPECIALTIES
Red Cedar Bevel Siding,"»
and Fancy Butts,
and 17 in. Dimension
Also
The Famous
AND
Brands of Shingles
ALL CHOICE STOCK
We own and operate several mills In Washington and British Columbia, being on both sides of the "Imaginary line " known as the International line, and it keeps our opponents in the trade guessing how to meet us on account of the good quality of our manufactured stock which
has been so carefully planned that even the selection of our timber lands in years past has something to do with the present.
We find our competing salesmen's story to the customers has now got to be a "song pure and simple," which they have learned from necessity to sing loudly and lustily, and is as follows: — "Just as Good as Hastings," "Just as Good as Hastings."
While we appreciate their holding our goods as models of perfection, which the high standard certainly merits still looking at the matter 'from
the customers' and consumers' standpoint, we cannot see any advantage to you in buying an imitation when the real article can be had through
our representatives, viz: —
JAMES TYYTTCHELL, Clinton, Ont., for Ontario.
SAMUEL  ASH EI ELD, Winnipeg, Man., for Manitoba and the
North-West Territories.
SMITH,  DUPLAIN & CRUMB CO., Rockford, 111,, for Illinois,
Indiana, Ohio and Wisconsin.
D.   D.   BABBITT,  Clinton, Iowa, for Minnesota and Iowa, North
of the C. & N. W. Ry.
JOHN   A.  UHLER,  Burlington,  Iowa,  for Iowa,  South of the
C. & N. W. Ry.
C.  S.  RILEY,  & CO.,  Philadelphia, Pa., for Pennsylvania.
E. R. STEVENS, is Broadway, New York City, for New York
and New Jersey.
UNITED LUMBER CO., Springfield, Mass., for Maine, New
Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and
Connecticut.
SHEPHERD, FARMER & Co., Boston, Mass., for Maine, New
Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts and Rhode Island. BRITISH  COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
19
W. J. SHEPPARD, Waubaushene, Ont., President
J. G. 8COTT, Vancouver, B. O., General Manager
Pacific Coast Lumber Company,
Ltd.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
MANUFACTURERS OF-
Fir, Cedar and Spruce Lumber, Lath, Houldings, Turned Work, Etc.
HIGH GRADE RED CEDAR SHINGLES
CAPACITY—Saw Mill, 150,000 feet per 10 hours;   Lath Mill, 25,000 per 10 hours; Shingle Mill, 300,000 per 10 hours ; with
ample Planing Mill and Dry Kiln Capacity to Handle our output.
PACIFIC COAST LUMBER COMPANY. LIMITED
Cedar, Fir and Spruce
CHOICEST STOCK
EDGE GRAIN CEDAR A SPEG1ALTY
W. J. BEAM
MANUFACTURER OF
Prompt Shipments Superior Grades
Mail Orders Respectfully Solicited
J. D. SINCLAIR
Lumber Manufacturer
■■■
VANCOUVER, B. C.
KEILLY & ARNOLD
TELEPHONE 08O
We have 40 millions of first-class cedar
on our limits near Vancouver, with good water
power, and will give interest in same for the
erection  of small sawmill	
We have, or can furnish you with first-
class timber limits in different parts of the
Province, and can sell to you on reasonable
terms	
3, Ha^JWeet, VANCOUVER, B. C.
Doors, Windows, Mouldings and finishings
STORE O OFFICE FIXTURES
BAND SAWING, TURNING, Etc.
Rough and Dressed Lumbe
DEALER
IN  . . .
Write or call for Estimates to
271-75 Hastings Street E. \/«n^rv« ««?/*••     te    C
or 298 Prior Street  ▼ ailCUUVer,   D.  K>.
British Columbia Cedar Shingles
HAVE A WORLD-WIDE REPUTATION
You Want None but the Best
Then Place Your Orders with    —-^
JOSEPH CHEW
SHINGLE  MANUFACTURER
Vancouver, British Columbia 1
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20
BRITISH  COLUMBIA  LUMBERMAN
Syracuse Smelting Works
There may be hot fighting in the U. S. battleship Nebraska No. 14, but there won't be any h<
boxes; they are lined with the Syracuse Smelting Works'  Babbit Metal and  no  manufacturer will
experience  any  trouble  with  their   machinery as  long as  they  use the Syracuse Smelting Work
Babbit Metal.   We have a reputation of 22 years' standing for the best quality.    Our metal is us   i
throughout the United States, Canada and all civilized countries.
TESTIMONIALS
READ THIS  CAREFULLY AND  SEE  WHAT OUR  CUSTOMERS HAVE TO  SAY.
Verdon, Man., July 18, 193.
Gentlemen,—The Babbitt Metal we purchased
from your firm has given us perfect satisfaction
and we have much pleasure in recommending it
to customers who are desirous of getting a good
grade of metal. Yours truly,
Manitoba  Hardware &  Lumber Company.,
Per C. E. P.
that same has given us all the satisfaction desired.
We are also pleased to take occasion to thank
you for the kind attention with which we have
always met when dealing with your firm and beg
to assure you that same i.s fully appreciated.
Yours truly,
La  Fonderie  De Plessisville,
Jos. J.  Bouchard, Gerant.
Sandy Hill, N. Y., July 17, 1903.
Syracuse Smelting Works, No. 94 Gold St., New
York City:
Gentlemen,—We understand that you are to
locate a smelting works in Seattle, Wash., and
wish to express to you our pleasure in noting that
your business is expanding in so many ways that
you find it necessary to locate a new plant in the
Western country. We wish you every success in
your new venture, which you deserve to have from
the fact that the metal which you have furnished
us has proven so thoroughly satisfactory, and airways up to your guarantee. We also found your
Iprices to be as low as the market rate for pig
letals would permit.
We would be pleased to commend your metals
any parties who might wish to write us con-
jrning the same.
Wishing you again the best of success, we re-
lain yours very truly,
The Sandy Hill  Iron and Brass Works,
Per R. C. Teft, Sec'y.
Springfield, Mass., U. S. A., July 20, 1903.
Syracuse Smelting Works, 94 Gold St., New York:
Gentlemen:   We have   used your Genuine Babbitt, and have been satisfied with it in every particular.    We can recommend it very highly.
Yours truly,
Confectioners' Machinery & Mfg. Company,
G. C. Baldwin, Jr., Sec'y.
Sandy Hill, N. Y., May 27, 1903.
To Whom it May Concern:
We have been using the special Babbitt fun., i-
ed by the Syracuse Smelting Works for a number
of years. It has given us first rate satisfaction 30
much >o that we continue its use, which is - iffl-
cient evidence that we are pleased with the goods.
Yours truly,
Allen Bros. Company.
Ugarcue C. Allen, Sec'y.
Dictated.
Chicoutimi, Que., 9th September, 1903.
Syracuse Smelting Works, Montreal:
Dear Sirs,—Referring to the quality of your
Babbitt metals, we have much pleasure in stating that for the past five or six years we have sold
entirely your brands, and so far have not received any complaints from any of our customers, and
everyone seems to be perfectly well satisfied with
the quality of your metals, as we are receiving
repeat orders from our different customers asking
for your brands. Yours truly,
Cote, Boivin & Cie.
Toronto, Ont., July  13th,  1903.
Messrs.   Syracuse   Smelting   Works,   Montreal:
Dear Sirs,—Replying to your Inquiry, we have
much pleasure in stating that we have used the
Babbitt metal you have supplied us with for the
last few years has been very satisfactory. We
have not found a metal at the same price which
can equal yours.    Yours truly,
The Pendrith Machinery Co..
Per. Geo. Pendrith, Manager.
Woodstock, N. B., September 8, 1903.
lessrs. The Syracuse Smelting Works, Montreal,
P.  Q.:
Gentlemen,—It gives us very great pleasure indeed to add our testimonial to the many which
you have already deservedly received as to the
good qualities of your Babbitt Metal.
As you know we have been using it for a long
time and we have never had occasion to complain
either of its quality or its efficiency.
Its durability and especially its uniformity make
it in our estimation par excellence the babbitt.
In a lengthy experience we have naturally used
quite a number of different makers' metals, and
we unhesitatingly state that none of them gave
the satisfaction yours does.
We take this opportunity to congratulate you
on your skill in mixing and your great care in
securing such excellent results and we strongly
recommend all machinists who desire the best results to get the very best Babbitt and that in our
opinion is the Syracuse Smelting Works. Yours
very truly,
Alex. Dunbar & Sons,
Per J. D. C.
Grand Forks, B. C, Sept. 17, 1903.
Syracuse Smelting Works, Montreal, P. Q.:
Gentlemen,—We received your last .shipment
and must say that your Babbitt gives the best of
satisfaction both for our own use and for saw
mills and mines, which we have supplied already.
Since using your phosphor tin we would not
be without it in the foundry, and highly recommend it.    Y'ours truly,
Brown & McKie,
Per John McKie.
The Syracuse Smelting Works:
Gentlemen,—In reply to yours of the 7th would
say that the Babbitt Metal we have been purchasing from you for years past has given perfect
satisfaction. We have made yours our choice alter using several other makes of Babbitt and find
by experience that we are justified in our choice
and would recommend it highly to any Intending
purchaser. King   Bros.,
Founders and Machinists, Dresden, Ont.
Montreal, Canada, July 10, 1903.
Syracuse   Smetling   Works,    Williams     and     St.
Thomas St., Montreal:
Gentlemen,—We are pleased to say that we
have been using a considerable quantity of your
Babbitt metal during the past two years and find
that it has given entire satisfaction in our works.
Wo would be glad to recommend it to any one
requiring a good Babbitt.   We remain, yours truly,
Montreal Engine Works,
Per W. H. Chenery.
Dorchester, N. B., Sept. 16, 1903.
Messrs. Syracuse Smelting Works, Montreal, P.Q.:
Gentlemen.—We have for the past two years
used your Babbitt Metal in our copper mill here,
where we grind up and mill many tons of rock
per week, consequently create a great deal of dust
and grit and consider any metal that will wear
with us is all right. It Ls perfectly Impossible
to keep all bearings well protected from dust, so
we consider your metal has had a good test and
comes out satisfactory.
Yours very truly,
International Copper Company,
A. W. Chapman, L. Manager.
Plessisville, P. Q., 14th July, 1903.
Syracuse Smelting Co., Montreal.
Dear Sirs: Referring to your favors 9th inst.,
we beg to say that for about eighteen month.% we
have used your Babbitt metal    exclusively,    and
Liverpool, N. S., July 17, 1903.
Syracuse  Smelting Works,  Montreal:
Gentlemen,—We wish to make you know the
fact that we have used your Babbitt metal for a
number of years, and find it exactly as represented, giving satisfaction in every respect. Yours
very truly,
Thompson   Bros.
Grennwood, B. 0., July 14th, 1903.
The Syracuse Smelting Works, Montreal, Canada:
Gentlemen,—We are pleased to learn that you
contemplate starting a plant at the Coast for the
manufacture of Babbitt metal, and In this connection, would cheerfully recommend the use of your
production to consumers.
Wo have been using your Aluminum Babbitt
at our smelting works for the past two years and
have found it satisfactory in every respect.
Wishing yon success we are
Yours very truly,
The British Columbia Copper Co., Ltd.,
Frederick Keffer, Mgr.
WE WILL MAIL YOU A LEATHER-COVERED MATCH BOX AND CIGAR CUTTER FOR THE ASKING.
SYRACUSE   SMELTING   WORKS
SEATTLE, WASH.; NEW YORK, N. Y., U. S. A.
MONTREAL, CANADA BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
21
lifferenl   surroundings  which  do  not  seem
iate they do not give us the same degree
isure       The   American elm,  one   of   the
J'S| of our native trees is almost always as-
with  pastoral scenes, standing singly or
meadow   or overarching
plant     these     elms   as   a
1 rocky hillside will be to
'   mar  the  whole  charac-
still a very large area of country, extending along
both sides of the watershed betw
ian   Bay and Jam--'    "
een the Georg-
quite unlit in a
in
■.lie.'    ^^^^
■ itely group
, !   ,1   lllll' 'Use
•  or on  a steep and
.   their beauty am
a
tn in
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black
ways.
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park.    The oak is one of the best trees
planting, the red, the scarlet and the pin
being the best,     The white oak is slow
.in and  difficult  to transplant.     The  maples
cch,   the   American   linden   and   the
ii  are  all  beautiful  in  characteristic
kvhitc willow is an artistic tree along water
Coniferous trees  should be used only
asses.     Street  trees should be able  to  stand
e and gas.     The elm, the maple, the linden
the oak are useful for this purpose.
Forest Reproduction in Germany.
irest   Reproduction   in   Germany"   was  the
of a paper by Dr. A. Harold Unwin, form-
of the  Dominion  Forestry Branch, now of
Imperial    Forest   Service.     The   forests    of
)  occupy  25 per cent, of the total laud
. 66 per cent, of the forest being coniferous.
nh   Scotch  pine  and   Norway spruce,  and the
ler   being   beech   and     oak.     The   rise   in
■  from   1745  to  1890 were as follows, taking
as  too:    Beach, maple and oak, from  14/17
io.oo;  lurch,  to  116.67; and spruce  from 7.14
i.71       In the eighteenth century cutting had
quite   haphazard,  but   for  the  period  above
1 d   definite   plans   were     made     showing
•v  what  could  be  cut  on  certain  areas pcr-
ntly   without   endangering   the   existence  of
rest.     Calling the growing trees in a forest
rest   capital   what   they   take   and   took   is
the   interest   or   what   actually   grows  each
in wood and with increased care and better
ment that capital has been increased from
feet bin. to 31,800 feet b.m. per acre, and
rest   taken   still   greater     in   proportion.
resent   time   spruce  pays  at  about  four
mi the capital represented when grown
r a rotation of ninety years.
i 'rests of Germany are mainly situated in
tains of that country, where 70 per cent.
per cent, of the land is under forest.     Be-
this the largest areas are the sandy heaths
Hanover and   East and West  Prussia, so that
"illy about ten per cent, of the forests are
ng   on  good  agricultural  land, generally in
>'er valleys where the land is subject to floods.
Prussian state is buying up poor sandy land
is  going out  of cultivation  and  planting it
'Ii  pine.      During the last  twenty years $500,-
00 have   been   spent   annually  for  this  purpose.
' 'ii the other hand certain tracts of really good
' d have been sold and denuded of trees.    The
white pine is growing on small areas aggregating
'""it 5.000 acres, but the results show that it can
emu jun.es  i',ay waters,    .,,.,,>   	
general way for grain growing but well suited for
the growth of conifers, 1 i.;..i. ;< ;.   .0 nr»ant
generally covered. Th
the Dominion Government, and only a small por-
is under license. Within this area
is a large proportion of the white and red
pine no) yet sold, and how to deal with this remnant of what was once a mighty forest is the present question, The policy pursued by the Department of Crown Lands in selling only red and
white pine is open to question. It is desirable to
encourage the growth of the most valuable
o,l •    ™
by which it is at present
ie land  is in possession  of
ess  valuable  species,  such
hemlock, are left when the
of fifteen years the berth
  ^^^^ most
woods,  1)Mt   only  the
as spruce, balsam an<
pine is cut.    At the em      w
will go back into the hands of the    Government
covered only with  inferior trees.
'l'he extending of the reserves to cover lands
under license to lumbermen is also important.
The idea of pine not succeeding pine is passing
away. Because a license lias been sold covering
a district which is more fit for forest growth than
for farming is an additional reason why it should
be retained for that purpose and placed in the
forest reserve permanently. No question can
then come up between lumberman and settler,
such as has caused so much bad feeling.
What is to be done for the large area of land
'  ,nth for farming and    forestry,    such as
-, >e..l.«l..    ;<-    -1
si(h
suitable noui 101   iaim...h 	
the  Muskoka district?       Muskoka is a beautiful
and healthful country, witli a bracing and invigorating  climate,   mostly   hilly,  with   innumerable
Streams and lakes of clear water abounding with
fish and game, an excellent example of the country found within the Laurentian range, the hills
as  a  rule  not  rising    more  than  a  few  hundred
feet and covered with trees.     In such a district,
instead  of trying to make a living as a  farmer
only, the proprietor should be encouraged to acquire a larger area and become a forester.    The
ideal condition for the district would be for the
proprietor to own say 1,000 to 1,200 acres, cultivating the good part and keeping the rest in forest.     The   occupation   of   forester   and   farmer
would appeal to the    people.     Closer    attention
to the management of the forest would mean a
greater   return.      There  are many farms in the
old settlements    that could well be planted    out.
All uneven and hilly ground    should be utilized
for this purpose.     It would be well also to give
the township power to acquire abandoned or denuded lands to be held as a municipal property.
In time they    would    become    valuable    and    a
source of revenue.
The System of Administration of Timber Lands
in Canada.
,e profitably grown or reproduced either by se.-
wn seeds or planting with three-year-old trees
ing for California
Climate. Stands the
heat, cold, wet weather
and dry.
It is so good that
you ought to investigate its merits before
selecting a roofing.
Booklet free.
The Paraffine
Paint  Co.
24 Second St., San Francisco
Lot Angeles, Portland, Seattle, Denver
4
Vancouver, B. C.
,„ the former method   the old and origins crop
gradually removed, leaving spaces as mucn ..
half an acre where   the young   trees comeiup in
large numbers, the needles and twigs on the soil
lecaying rapidly when exposed    to f^hen
tgencies and thus forming good seed bed.    W
.he area is seemingly   well stocked   more of the
,1c]  trees are  taken, still, however, leaving a few
., as to insure   all spaces   being filediin.    The
.nice is largely   reproduced   by Planting on or
bout 90 per cent, of all areas.   , I«ja few localities it is left to re-seed itself, thts being done: by-
cutting the forest in strips transverse to the trailing winds,    gradually    widening from three
quarters to a tree's length in width      * rotation
', 85 to 00 years is adopted and yields timber of
10 to 18 inches square on medium SOU.
Forest Management.
Mr. John Bertram, chairman of the Dominion
Transportation    Commission,    read    a paj
"Forest   Management."     First  commending the
recent extension    of the forest    "Serves in On
tario, he called attention to the fact that there is
A paper on "The Systems of Administration of
Timber    Lands    in    Canada"    was    read by Mr.
Aubrey White, Assistant Commissioner of Crown
Lands for    Ontario.      Mr. White traced out the
evolution of the regulations in Ontario and Quebec from the time of the French    regime,   when
in grants of Crown    lands    to the Seigneurs the
oak timber, and later on the pine, were reserved
to the King and did not pass with the soil. When
the British    took possession    the Governor's attention was directed to the timber question. Vine
was reserved to the King for naval purposes, but
the Governor went a step further and issued instructions that  areas    containing    quantities    of
pine were to be reserved absolutely,    no settlers
were to be allowed in them and no sawmills were
to be erected    anywhere    near pine reserves except by his express    permission.     Early in  1800
licenses to naval contractors to cut timber were
granted,    and    in i8j(>,    by proclamation    of the
Governor, permission was given to anyone to go
into the forests along the Ottawa River    and its
tributaries    and cut timber   subject to dues, this
being   the first    provision    for a reserve    to the
Crown.     After the union    of Upper and    Lower
Canada,   new   regulations   were   promulgated,  licenses being granted for fixed periods.     As a result of the report of a Commission appointed in
1849, the Crown Timber Act was passed,    which
gave authority to the Lieutenant-Governor to fix
HENRY   DARLING
Agent for Western British Columbia
and Vancouver Island
18 Powell St.	
The Curney Standard Metal Co.,
AGENT8
CALGARY, ALBERTA
the regulations. No license was to be granted
for a longer period than twelve months, and all
the licenses expired on the 30th April in each
year. Settlers or squatters cutting without
authority, if they cut timber except for building,
fencing, clearing, etc., were to be treated as trespassers. Actual settlers were not to be interfered with in the clearing of the land.
In Ontario the Commissioner of Crown Lands
may issue licenses after sale by public auction, a
reserve bid being fixed but not made public.
Ground rent runs from $3 to $5 per mile and dues
on pine timber from $1 to $2 per thousand feet.
Pine logs, pulpwood and hemlock bark are required to be manufactured in Canada. Fire rangers are placed on all licensed lands, one-half paid
by the licensee and the other half by the Government.
In Quebec limits are also disposed of by public
auction at an upset price made public at the date
of sale. Ground rent is $3 per mile and dues on
pine from 80 cents to $1.30. Pulpwood must pay
25 cents additional per cord if exported. Fire
rangers are appointed by the Government upon
the recommendation of the licensees and are paid
by a fire tax upon the limits.
In New Brunswick limits are put up to public
auction. The area is not to exceed ten miles and
the ground rent is $8 per mile.
In Nova Scotia the Governor-in-Council may
issue leases to cut timber for a period of 20 years.
The price is to be 40 cents an acre if timber below the diameter of ten inches is not cut. If
timber is cut to 5 inches the price is 50 cents per
acre.     Non-agricultural lands may be leased for
pulp purposes.
In British Columbia limits may be sold by public tender. The annual ground rent is $160 per
mile and the dues 50 cents per thousand feet. The
lease is for a period of 21 years. Special licenses
for 640 acres and for a period not exceeding five
years may be issued by the Commissioner.
"Hand licenses" are granted for one year for
small quantities. Timber must be manufactured
in the Province.
(To be concluded next month.J 99
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
TATUM & BOWEN
n
34-36 Fremont St., SAN FRANCISCO
29-35 First St., PORTLAND
PACIFIC   COAST  AGENTS   FOR
110-112 Jackson St., SEATTLE
AMERICAN WOOD WORKING MACHINERY CO.
F. H. Clement Co.
Glen Cove Mach. Co., Limited
Hoyt & Bro. Co.
Most Extensive Line of Modern Woodworking Machines in Tne World
R, HOE & CO.'S Chisel Tooth Saws, Shanks and Bits
ALBANY   GREASE
The same we have sold 27 years
FRICTIONLESS   METAL
S We guarantee satisfaction wherever it is put
OUR   SUPPLY   LINE   IS   WELL  SELECTED   AND   VERY   COMPLETE
Plans and Specifications for Power and Mill Plants of any Description.
The Levi Houston Co.
Globe Machine Co-
Lehman Machine Co.
-COMPRISING
Milwaukee Sander Mfg. Co.
C. B. Rogers & Co.
Rowley & Hermance Co.
Williamsport  Mach. Co.
Young Bros.   Co.
AND   MANUFACTURING   THE
-V3
.->/tJ
f   Genuine Scotch  Gauge Glasses
We Import them
LEADER   INJECTOR
Simple and sure
Rubber and Leather Belts, Brass Goods, Packings
WASHINGTON
ing
ngines
Embody the latest improvements suggested by practical loggers. They are
strongest and most durable,  requiring least attention and fewest repairs.
j BUILT IN ALL SIZES, SINGLE, DOUBLE AND TRIPLE DRUMS
Patent steam friction, Turner's patents, and our new lock lever friction devices. Over 750 Engines now in use in Washington, Oregon, California, British Columbia, Alaska, Nicaragua and the
Philippines.     Write  us your  requirements and we will send complete specifications and prices.
Washington Iron Works Go.
WASH. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
23
CIRCULAR TO THE TRADE.
Wardner, B. C, March i, 1904.
,   vvish to announce to our old friends and
- imers thai we arc in business and oul for it.
r planl is modern in every respect, and with
Iditions now under construction, which we
have completed in the next thirty days, will
is the most up-to-date plant in this district.
aw mill is equipped with a double cutting
I saw, having B capacity of 75.000 feet per day.
ire installing another double cutting hand,
h will bring our output up to 150,000 per day
ton hours,
1 planing mill is equipped with five machines
is  -M situated  as t<> permit  of the economic
ling of all  material  to cars.     Our shipping
(ai    ties cannot he excelled, our side track being
din   ily alongside the Crow's Nest branch of the
1       dian Pacific Railway, and we can handle from
20 cars at  our loading platform at any one
■ 11
['he dry kiln is now completed and will have a
, ipacity of 30,000 feet per day.
' lur timber, which consists of    western white
tamarac and mountain fir. is of a very good
•v and averages about 15 per cent, fir, 2? per
• marac and 60 per cent.  pine.     The exccl-
•   ,   of  tamarac  for inside  finishing now being
■ iblished fact, as many of the principal deal-
and   contractors  prefer   tamarac   finishing  to
1 r,     The merits of western white pine for
■   material   are    also  well    known.       The
• in fir of this district being of a coarse na-
1- seldom used for any other than dimension
line  timbers.     It  is very    essential in this
tion on account of its strength and dura-
We will cut this season about 20.000,000
timber and expect to run our plant day and
all our former patrons know, we are thor-
familar with the requirements of the trade,
re willing and anxious to respond to all en-
either by mail or personal visit.    We make
shipment" and "Material Up-to-Grade" a
ind believe we can interest you if you
ith an opportunity.
ill  at  all  times be pleased to receive a
• 1 you, and will endeavor, should you so
u . to show you around to the best of our
hilil
ping to receive a portion of your business
'   in the market for goods in our line, we beg
'   main,
CROW'S NEST PASS LUMBER Co.. Ltd.
PETER LUND, Manager.
LOCAL ENTERPRISE.
substantial  addition  to  the lumber industry
Vancouver has been made in the erection of a
v and planing mill by the firm of Messrs. Cooke
•   rait, who have their premises on False Creek
' Ann the electric car station and Cambie street
idge.     The   firm  went  into    business   in   iQOt,
1    when   they   have   successfully    operated   a
ngle mill, which has a capacity   of    200.000
ngles a day and night, with a kiln capable of
I lining  t.ooo.ooo shingles.      Adjoining  this  is
1 ir   mw  plant   which   consists  of    two  stories.
lower story,  with  a  dimension    of    36 x  too
I will be utilized as a planing mill.    The upper
'"'v. which runs hack 80 feet  further and hav-
nR dimensions of 36 x 180 feet, will contain the
"■'•'  mill.     The  very  latest  and best machinery
'"'nrable  has  been   obtained   from  the  Water-
'hs  Engine Works of Brantford, having a ca-
'ty of 50.000 feet of lumber per diem.
The firm intend to cater largely to local trade
'''1 are making a specialty of finishing and bevel
fbng.     Tn  order that this material  may be of
rst-class   order   they  will     use    cedar     and   fir
""ought from their own limits and cut into long
bolts so as to obtain as large percentage of edge
rain as possible.     They will be in a position to
;"pply  all  lumber material    for    house-building
Purposes and anticipate with the rapid development of the city a very large trade in this connection.
rhetr near vicinity tn the railway track will
enable them to ship easily to the Eastern markets
and they contemplate doing an extensive trade in
this direction.
If the demand should warrant it. they will have
"" difficulty in further adding to their equipment,
as they have ample room with a water frontage
oi 450 feet, and have constructed their new premises with a view to later installing heavier machinery of greater capacity. Both partners,
though young men, are well experiencd in this
business. Mr. Cooke, who attends to the outside
business of the firm having hecn for some years
in the employ of the well-known lumber man, Mr.
W. L Tail, while Mr. Edward R. Tait, who superintends the practical working of the concern,
is Mr. W. L. Tait's son, and has worked with his
father for thirteen years.
A NOTABLE ISSUE.
The thirty-first annual special issue of the
"Timber Trades Journal," published by Messrs.
William Rider & Son, Ltd., of London, England,
has just come to hand. The issue is replete with
most valuable information concerning the lumbering interests of Great Britain and the colonies.
It is profusely illustrated, and typographically it
is a most excellent number. A very interesting
article on "South Africa as a Market for Timber and Building Material," is contributed by Mr.
Stafford Ransome, M. I. C. E., and another on
"The Timber Trade of British Columbia," by a
correspondent of the "Oregon Timberman," gives
a series of interesting sketches of the industry of
this Province with fair accuracy. The illustrations for the latter article were contributed by
the Hon. the Commisioner for British Columbia
in London. The statistical reviews of the trade
at "Home and Abroad" will doubtless be found of
great benefit to those who desire to keep pace
with the progress of the industry throughout the
old world.
CARGO SHIPMENTS BOOKED.
A number of the charters have been effected by
the Hastings Mill of Vancouver. Among them
are the following: American schooner Endeavor, 485 tons, now en route from San Pedro, to
load for South America; American schooner
Americana, 839 tons, en route from Honolulu, to
load for Osaka, Japan; British ship County of
Kinross, 1.555 tons, en route from Antwerp to
San Francisco, to load for the United Kingdom.
FIRST MOVE.
The A. J. Burton Saw Co., Ltd., have secured
a site for their saw works. The site is on the
corner of McLean Drive and Powell Street, having a frontage of 132 feet on Powell and running
hack 185 feet to the C. P. R. track, where a siding
will be placed. Work has now commenced on
the company's works.
O.H.VOCxEL
ENGINEER
(A. M. Can. Soc. C. E.) OTTAWA, CANADA
Surveys, Plans, Specifications and Supervision
WATER POWER
Paper,   Pulp and Sulphite Fibre  Mills
RENTS COLLECTED
EXPERIENCED VALUATOR
W. T. FARRELL
GENERAL   AGENT,   REAL   ESTATE   AND
INSURANCE  BROKER
Timber Lands, Farms, Business & Residential (ity Property
...FOR  SALE...
Special Attention Given to^elllnp and Rentlnn^House and Store Property
Room 17, Fairfield Bldg., 433 Granville St., Vancouver.
WANTED AND FOR SALE
Advertiments will be inserted in this department
at the rate of io cents per line for each insertion, payable in advance.
FOR SALK. - Small Sawmill Plant, capable of
turning out about 5,000 feet per day ; it) perfect condition ; cheap for cash. Apply "Sawmill," c/o B. C.
Lumberman.
WANTED— First-Class Cedar Logs. Apply at
Mill No. 2, Hastings Shingle Manufacturing Company,
Vancouver, B. C.
LOGS WANTED.—Wanted to buy cedar, flr
and spruce logs taken off Crown granted lands
Apply to J. S. Emerson, Vancouver.
WANTED PORTABLE SAW MILL—A porta-
ble saw mill having a capacity of from 7 to 10 M.
per day. Address, room 12, Inns of Court Building.	
FOR SALE.—A fully equipped shingle mill, in
good location and doing good business. Write
for particulars. Apply H. G. Ross, Vancouver,
B. C. ______
SITUATION WANTED.—Practical bookkeeper in lumber office. Sixteen years in shipping and local trade; best of references. Apply J. G., c. o. B. C. Lumberman.
FOR SALE.—One no-inch fan and one 7,000-
foot heater; fan in first-class condition; both
made by the Boston Blower Co.; will sell
cheap.    Woods & Spicer, Ltd., Vancouver, B.C.
WANTED.—Up-to-date filer from the East is
open for engagement; can handle either circular or band saws; prefer band saws in first-class
fast cutting mill. Address "Filer," c.o. B. C.
Lumberman.
FOR SALE.—One-half interest, or the whole, of
going saw mill company; 3,000 acres good timber lands; lumber in demand at good prices;
$15,000 or $30,000. Apply H. G. Ross, Vancouver, B. C.
FOR SALE.—Heavy bull-wheel rig, with 190 feet
forged chain made of best Norway iron.
Heavy enough for coast timber, but particularly
suitable for an up-country mill. Woods &
Spicer, Vancouver, B. C.	
WANTED.—Partner with $15,000 to engage in
sawmill business. Limit contains 100,000,000
cedar, about 75 miles from Vancouver, on salt
water; good water power. Also other timber
limits for sale. Address "Millman," c. o. B. C.
Lumberman, Vancouver, B. C.
FOR SALE—CEDAR—I have for sale for $2,500
one of the best cedar timber claims in the Coast
district—640 acre©, well situated on the edge of
salt water deep, well sheltered bay for booming
logs. Will cut from ten to twelve million feet of
first class cedar. For particulars apply to S. Gintz
burger, real estate and financial agent, Vancou
ver, B. C.	
WANTED—Position as Filer in large single or double-
cutting band mill where quality and quantity of lumber and the life of the saws are an object. Long experience with 14-inch saws in one of the largest
American mills. Guarantee to cut as much as any
other man or no pay. I am a married man, strictly
sober, and can furnish references from mill men of
repute. Can come immediately. L. Rasmuson, 1056
Hornby street, Vancouver, B. C.
P. O. Drawer 930
Telephone 1712
H. G. ROSS
INSURANCE ADJUSTER.
Real Estate, Mining, Insurance and loans
TIMBER AND TIMBER LIMITS
622 Hastings St. West
VANCOUVER, B. C.
A small mill is to be built on Johnston Creek,
Lake Windermere, in East Kootenay. 24
BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
■
a
1
i.
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:
1
xxixxxxxxxxxixiixxxxixxxxxxuxxxixxxxxxxxxixixxixxixixixxxxxxicxxixx.
Leqal
«9al
[IxiXXXIIIIXXXXXXXXXXIXXXXXIIIXXXIIUXXXXXXIIIXIXXXlIIIIXUIXIIIIIXXl
TIMBER LEASES HAVE PRIORITY  OVER
PRE-EMPTIONS CROWN GRANTED.
A case of considerable interest was heard before Hon. Mr. Justice Martin in the Supreme
Court last month. The plaintiffs were Davies,
Sayward & Co., of Victoria, and G. O. Buchanan
et al., of Kootenay. represented respectively by
Thornton Fell and' E. V. Bodwell, K. C, and by
Mr. Martin, of Nelson, and E. P. Davis, K. C, of
Vancouver. The case was a complicated one, and
involved many intricate points of law. The
plaintiffs claimed the right to the timber upon
a tract of land under timber lease in Kootenay,
near the Goat and Kootenay rivers, and adjoining
the Kootenay Reclamation Company's lands, the
right to which is held under a lease of -M years,
dated March 15th. [892, covering 6,000 acres. The
defendants contended that the lands in question
were pre-empted previous to the issuance of the
timber lease, but were wrongfully included therein. These pre-empted lands were later Crown
granted. From these lands defendant had been
purchasing the timber from the owners for manufacture at his mill at Creston until enjoined by
the plaintiffs in  the action.
We have been unable to obtain the exact text of
Mr. Justice Martin's judgment, and must content
ourselves with an extract from the press of the
day:
lie began by referring to    the    topographical
outlines of the country drained by the Goat and
Kootenay rivers.       He then took up the discussion about the various mouths of Goat river, and
aid he thought that either one of the two mouths
side of the two extreme mouths might well be
Silled  the  mouth  of  Goat  river.     In  early  days
ere was a landing at one of those called Goat
er and afterwards another further south called
at river landing.
he plaintiffs    on  10th    March,  1892, obtained
jm the  Provincial  government a timber lease,
ich had been criticized.    This lease was for 21
rs and he considered it a good lease.    Just be-
e they got the lease and long after   they   had
ade the application the Act of 1892 was passed.
e did not think that the change of law changed
he status of the lease, which he thought    came
nder the Act of 1888. in which it is stated that a
pre-emptor  could  not   cut  timber  for  sale   from
any land pre-empted.
Subsequently the three defendants, Dow, Little and Arrowsmith, about 1897 and 1898 secured
the Crown grants. Their pre-emptions took up
a great deal of the leased property. The department was not aware that this property had been
previously leased until some time after the
Crown grants were issued. The three defendants
were then warned by the department not to cut
the timber on account of the lease. It is claimed
that for the ignorance of the department the
plaintiffs are  responsible.
His Lordship then went into the matter of the
surveyor's notes. lie thought there was no
doubt that anybody could locate the claim had
he so desired.
The department had the survey, accepted it and
issued the lease to Mr. Sayward and there the
matter ends. The timber on that land became
the plaintiffs and the Crown had nothing more
to do with it.
Shortly after the defendants took possession
and in 1898 commenced to sell the timber and
continued doing so after they had been warned to
cease.
He believed Mr. Buchanan did not know these
facts until February, 1903, when Mr. Schermer-
horn wrote him and informed him of his principals' lease on the property.
He gave judgment for the plaintiffs with reference as to damages. The injunction secured by
the plaintiffs to stop the defendants cutting timber i- perpetuated.
UXIXXXXIXXXIIXIXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXIXXXXXIXXXXXXXXXIXXXXXlXXXIXXXXXIIIII
I       ciractical Jvu>ts
tiXIXIXXXIXIXIXIXXXIXXIIIXXIXXIIXXXXXIXIXXIXXXXXIIXXXIXIXXXIXXXXXIxii
PRESERAVTION OF WOOD.
Paper Read Before Western Society of Engineers.
The following interesting paper was read before
the Western Society of Engineers, at a recent
meeting held in Chicago, by Mr. J. L. Ferrell, of
Philadelphia:
If wood and fabrics of all kinds were, by their
original nature, uninflammable or incombustible,
no lire problem would arise. Eliminate from
wood and fabrics, absolutely or relatively, all
tendency to inflame from fire generated in other
inflammable substances, such as paints, varnishes,
etc.. and the lire risks fall away to infinitesimal
proportions. Added to the natural combustibility
of woods and fabrics is the increased combustibility of those materials from the oils and varnishes employed to create ornamental effect. If
the use of inflammable paint, oils and varnishes
can be curtailed in interiors, a great diminution
of flammable conditions will be accomplished.
For the system developed by the writer, the
following practical results are claimed:
First—The elimination of the property of inflammability from wood and other fibrous substances by impregnation with a permanent non-
combustible chemical.
Second—The practical plating of wood surfaces
with an enamel, all of whose constituents are absolutely insoluble and infusible.
Third—The permanent protection from decay
of all wood by impregnation with a chemical
solution.
It is not intimated that wood will endure indefinitely an increasing attack of flame without charring or disintegrating; but it is asserted that when
wood which has been treated is attacked by long
continued flame it will not receive or increase or
transmit flame. In that case all flame existing
will be only that of the extraneous substance, and
the attacked wood will add nothing to it; and,
moreover, the wood attacked will disintegrate
with exceeding slowness compared to what it
would if untreated.
A test was made in the grounds of the New
York Shipbuilding Company, at Camden, New
Jersey, to ascertain the value of this treated wood.
Two wooden houses were built. One of them
was of treated wood, the other of natural wood.
Both were alike in every repect. The officials of
the company conducted the test. Under each
house was placed a mass of yellow pine sticks,
and on all four sides were piled several cartloads
of Georgia pine. In sixteen minutes after lire was
applied the untreated houe was utterly consumed,
while the treated house was but slightly charred.
The door of the latter was then opened, and it
was filled live feet high inside with shavings and
fat pine logs. Over all was distributed ten gallons of coal oil. The mass was fired. At the end
of twenty-three minutes the door (which was not
even burned through its panel) was opened. And
although all the firewood was burned up, not a
particle of flame adhered to the building. It was
taken apart and held ready to be put Up for
another test.
The chemical agent employed is sulphate of
alumina, which costs about 75c. per one hundred pounds. This is an antiseptic and preservative material which remains permanently in the
wood. The strength of the solution is about 13
degrees P.eaume. In treating ties and bridge timbers, which are to be made proof against decay
as well as against fire, an addition is made of some
ferric sulphate to the alumina solution, this latter
material acting as a coagulant. The solution, in
either case, is applied under a pressure of 450 to
to 600 pounds per square inch, the pressure being
varied according to the character of the wood under treatment. No preliminary steaming or
vacuum process is employed. When flame or intense heat is applied to the treated wood, the
wood will char at the point of contact, but will not
burst into flame.    When untreated wood is coated
with a paint of which sulphate of alumina fop,
the basis, the application of heat causes the pa
to form  a  rough, hard crust, which protects  tl
wood underneath.
In  impregnating    wood  to render it  fireproof
cylinders of moderate si/e are used, each hold
a single railway tie, a timber of commercial siz
or ,1 bundle of planks, etc.     The cylinders ari
cast Steel and   tested  to  1,000    pounds    pressn
At each end is a gate,  internally sealed and mo\
vertically   by    hydraulic    power.       In    one 11
planks   the treatment    lasts about    half an hou
larger sections, in  10-foot lengths, require loir,
tunc.      The time varies from  fifteen  minutes  ' 1
two hours, according to the character and size   ,;
timber, etc.
Wood, textile fabrics, theatre scenery, etc., can
be simply and effectively treated so as to elim
inate all possibility ''\ their receiving or ext( I
ing flame. The fundamental proposition is to remove the possibility of flame, or, at least, reduce
its volume to the minimum, When this is done
it is no longer necessary to consider wood or t< \-
tile fabrics as matter for the mass of Hamc to be
encountered. After that the chief consideration
will be to cover the case of the smaller aggreg tte
of other things, which may produce the attacking
flame.
Thus far consideration has only been given ti>
the case of wood impregnated with sulphate of
alumina, which can only be effected in a proper
plant. It cannot, therefore, have any bearing
upon the protection of existing buildings, except
as providing flooring so treated to be laid down
Upon existing old. untreated flooring, or, as treated trimmings of interiors to replace old, untreated trimmings. Rut we expect to solve the
problem of interior wood treatment by means of
insoluble and infusible enamel coatings of any
shade of color.
A surface coating on wood must respond to
many imperative and most difficult conditions.
It must be powerfully adhesive and must he a
rapid dryer. It must have cohesive properties
of the strongest character. It must dry into a
flint like mass and exhibit a smooth surface It
must be susceptible of taking up into itself all
shades of ornamental color. It must not. like
paint, curl up and scale off on fire application,
but must maintain very uniformly over the attacked surface, a solid body. This set of conditions is very difficult to meet.
The same material may be used in a solution to
be applied to draperies and scenery. It is ii"t
to be understood that this will render them absolutely immune to flame, but that it will nullify
the inflammability which naturally exists in them.
If flame attacks them they will not burst into
flame, or extend the flame or even increase the
original  volume  of  the  attacking  flame.
Discussion.—In the discussion which followed
the reading nf the paper the following points
were brought out: The weight of the timber was
increased Q per cent, by saturation after thorough
drying; treated timber absolutely resists the attacks of tropical insects, like white ants; it saws
and cuts as easily as untreated lumber; treatment
costs about $0 per 1,000 feet, B. M.; the action
of the preservative is to coagulate the albuminoids.
AUSTRALIAN HARDWOODS.
Vancouver city is going to try the effectiveness
of Australian hardwoods for bridge planking oil
the bridges within the city limits. With the use
of Douglas fir for this purpose the experience "f
the city is that the decking of the bridges ha- to
be renewed very frequently. The City Engineer
stated that bridge planking cost $20.00 per 1,000,
and the life of fir was only two and a half years.
Tallow wood from Australia is now to be tried,
and a sample order of 10,000 feet, at $40 5° Pcf
1,000 delivered, was given to Mr. J. Fylc Smith,
the local representative of Messrs. Allan, Taylor
& Co.. of Sydney, N. S. W. The life of the .'1"W
wood decking is practically indefinite. It is not
affected by climatic changes, and it wears so well
that it is almost indestructible. -B311ISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
VANCOIVEU [NGMING WORKS,
ENGINEERS
SAW MILL MACHINERY
OF EVERY DE80RIPTION.
Boilers, Engines,
Pumps, Pulleys,
Shafting, Conveyors.
LOGGING ENGINES
9x10 Single and Double Drum
Yarding Engines.
10 x 15 Double Drum Reading
Engines.
Agents for "Leschen's" Patent Green
Strand Logging Rope.
EVERYTHING FOR SAW MILL TRADE.
Works: Heatley Avenue
...VANCOUVER, B. C.
Avwvv
PORTLAND
CORDAGE
COMPANY
PRICES—We quote you Cordage, subject to change without
notice, at the following basis prices f. o, b. factory:
Pure Manilla ia#c
Standard Manilla I2#c
See New Catalogue, Folio 8.
8i»al  10>^C
See New Catalogue, Folio 20.
Tarred Am. Hemp
Marline, Ratline U#c
See New Catalogue, Folio 27.
Lath Yarn- double or single      9^c
See New Catalogue, Folio 23.
Terms—Sixty days ; cash discount, 2 per cent.
INVOICE DISCOUNTS.
2ooo-lb. invoices     2 per cent
5000-lb. invoices 3 per cent
loooo-lb. invoices 5 per cent
Car Loads, Special.
PORTLAND,
OREGON BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
BELTING
PERFECTION
BRAND
BELTING
SPECIAL   QUALITY    FOR
Planers and Shingle Machines
SEE  OUR  STOCK AND  BE  CONVINCED	
PRICES  AND  SAMPLES   UPON   APPLICATION
i
FULL STOCK OF MACHINERY ALWAYS ON HAND
THE FAIRBANKS COMPANY
Office and Store, 153 Hastings St.   VANCOUVER, B. C.   Machinery Warehouse, Powell St.
»♦♦♦*
THE
Canadian Pacific Lumber (X Ltd.
PORT MOODY, B. C.
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in All Kinds of
B. C. LUMBER, LATH, MOULDINGS, Etc
The Largest Shed and Dry Kiln Capacity of any Mill In British Columbia.
Special Attention Given to Orders
from Manitoba and the Territories
Address the Company at Port Moody, or
BYRNES 6 CUDDY, Selling Agents, WINNIPEG
LONQ DISTANCE TELEPHONE CONNECTION

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