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British Columbia Lumberman Jan 30, 1905

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 »riti9b Columbia lumberman
D.  TODD LEES.   ....   Business Manager
Office,   Mackinnon  Building,   Granville  Street,  Vancouver,  B.  C
Telephone 1196 P. O. Drawer 928
Terms of Subscription (Payable in Advance)
One year, Canada or the United States $ 1 00
One year, Foreign Countries    1 50
Advertising Katkn on Application
Correspondence bearing upon any phase of the lumber industry
will be gratefully acknowledged, and discussion upon trade subjects
is invited.
The British Columbia Lumberman is devoted to the lumber
and lumbering interests of the Province of British Columbia, and is
issued between the aoih and j.fth of each month. To lumber manufacturers, lumber dealers, saw mill or wood-Working machinery agents
and manufacturers, no better advertising medium has ever been offered
in the West.
      Persons corresponding with, advertisers in the Vritish
Columbia Lumberman will confer a favor by giving the journal
credit for such correspondence.
Last month wc mailed a circular letter to all
mill men in British Columbia, asking for certain
statistical information of their work, but, though
we have received a fair response, we have by no
means got sufficient data to allow us to compile
any record of the work done during the past year.
This we deeply regret, because we fully believe
that by every mill furnishing us with the details
asked for, a statistical compilation would be of
Undoubted interest to the community at large.
In one or two instances wc have been told that
the information asked for did not cover all the
data which would be of value, while in others
we were told that to furnish us with what we
asked would be to the detriment of the milimen
themselves, hut in all cases we are advised that
a general compliance with our request would be
most desirable.
In bringing the matter thus before our friends,
the milimen, we desire to assure them that in no
case would we use the figures supplied us individually, but as the Province is divided into districts, so would our information be imparted.
Further, that all figures furnished will be treated
as  strictly confidential.
We are aware that in many instances the close
of the year is a very busy time in the different lumber offices, but now that the pressure of work is
over, we hope to receive a full return to our request ere another issue is ready for the press.
During the last few weeks, with the shut down
of so many mills throughout the Province, some
what of the value of the lumber business to the
community has been appreciated, but unfortunately until the general public is face to face
with facts and figures as to what it actually does
mean in our every day life, the business will never
receive that degree of public support to which
it is justly entitled. Further your own interests
by assisting us in compiling these statistics, and
thus place the importance of our industry before the public in the manner in which it should
The attention of the Provincial Government is
being prominently called to the necessity of providing against the recurrence of the devastation
of our forests by fire, and resolutions have been
addressed to the Government from all parts of
the Province. The following is the text of a
special committee's report from the Vancouver
Board of Trade:
"We, the undersigned, a committee appointed
by the Board of Trade to draw a memorial to
the   Provincial     Government    in   regard    to the
adoption of plans and the passing of laws for the
prevention of forest fires, beg to report as follows:
"We earnestly recommend that the Government appoint a sufficient number of competent
and reliable men in the various localities of the
Province, whose duties it shall be, primarily, to
gather information for the Government regarding
the extent of fires which occurred in their respective localities during the past year; such report
to show an approximate estimate of the number
of feet of timber burned, and also the different
varieties of timber. We suggest this, as we do
not think that a single member of the Provincial
Legislature has the slightest idea of the quantity
of timber burned during the past year, and of the
value thereof. Your committee has not been able
to gather information for itself which is absolutely reliable as to the extent of forest fires
which (have) occurred during 1004, but from
what information it has been able to obtain, it is
of opinion that the loss to the Government alone
through this cause during the past season
amounted to at least $500,000 in revenue, which
would ultimately have resulted to the Province if
these fires had not occurred; while the aggregate of losses sustained by individuals was very
much greater and will be more immediately felt.
— SAWS =
File Room Machines and Tools	
Emery Wheels, Silver Solder, &c, &e.
R.  Hoe: 8c Co., New Y
REPAIRS executed promptly by expert workmen.     INSERTED TOOTH SAWS REMILLED AND REFITTED.
WE    ARE    HERE    ON    THE    GROUND!
SAVE   FREIGHT   AND   DUTY ! .... TRY   US!    !
QBW)ti8lWiCK*»€f(ltHMHmmttl8tMH0MI(l|||Hmi II
Equaled !
-*i MADE    ONLY    BV fc-
R. HOE & CO.,
504 to 520 Grand St.
>♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
'"•" —*«&	
17 to 30
We supply anything necessary (or the Equipment ol any size Saw Mill.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦»♦»♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»»»»»»»»»»»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦< BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
"We further suggest that, after having procured this information, the Government take suitable steps to prevent, as far as possible, the recurrence of forest fires which have proved so disastrous year after year, and which seem so soon
to be forgotten. If the Legislature met during
the dry season when these annual recurrences
were fresh in the memories of our members, we
are sure that active and drastic measures would
be taken to prevent their repetition, but meeting
as it does during the wet season, when it would
be impossible to make this same valuable property burn, past experience is lost sight of.
"Wc would respectfully suggest to the Government the advisability of repealing the present
"Bush Fire Act" and amendments, and the passing in its stead of a new act, entirely more drastic in its provisions, and better calculated to meet
the exigencies of the case.
"We further suggest that this new act should
contain, among other provisions, uie appointment
of a chief fire warden, carefully selected and of
good ability, who should be an official of the
Government employed the year round, and whose
remuneration should be sufficiently ample to warrant his undivided time and attention being devoted to the services and interests of the Government. Further, that under the chief fire warden, and acting under his direction, there be employed a sufficient number of fire rangers, whose
duties shall commence not later than June 15th,
and end not earlier than October 15th in each
year. That the chief fire warden and the fire
rangers so appointed shall be empowered by law
to call upon citizens at any time they may deem
it necessary, to assist them in extinguishing fires.
That during the months of July, August and September the public be prohibited from setting out
fires anywhere in the Province, unless a permit
in writing shall first have been obtained from the
lire ranger appointed to look after that territory.
"We would further respectfully suggest that
reference be made by the Government to similar
acts now operative in the Province of Ontario,
New Zealand, the States of Washington and Oregon,   and  also  those  adopted  by  the   Dominion
Government  as  affecting  Dominion  lands.
"Your committee feels most strongly that steps
to prevent forest hres should have been taken by
our Provincial Government years ago, and that
as an outcome of the apparent lack of interest
which the Government has shown, the public are
wantonly careless, and in many instances even
malicious, in respect of setting fires going during
the dry season.
"From reliable information submitted to us, we
are of the opinion that many fires up and down
the coast have been started by men prospecting
for minerals, and as a result timber on the surface
of the ground much more valuable than minerals
beneath the surface could possibly be, has been
ruthlessly destroyed, and a reliable asset lost for
all time alike to the Province and to the citizens
of British Columbia.
"All of which is respectfully submitted to your
Yours truly,
J. G. Scott.
R. H. Alexander.
W. Godfrey.
C. E. Tisdall.
A. B. Erskine.
While arrangements have been going on in
British Columbia and Eastern Canada for the presentation of the lumbermen's appeal to the Federal Government for relief from the dumping of
American rough lumber on the Canadian markets, it was to be expected that opponents to our
overtures would likewise be on hand from Manitoba.
We have been favored with a copy of a circular letter and petition, from the firm of Case &
Chandler, of Winnipeg, which has been extensively  circulated   throughout   Manitoba   and   the
Territories, a perusal of which will doubtless
evoke a smile from those who are versed in the
actual condition of affairs. The letter and petition are herewith reproduced:
"Winnipeg, Man., Jan. 2, 1905.
"Dear Sirs,—There is a great effort being made
on the part of the British Columbia Lumber
Manufacturers to have a duty put upon lumber
coming into the Canadian Northwest from the
United States, and to offset their efforts, we wish
you would have the enclosed petitions signed by
as many of the residents of your town and district as you can, and return to us as soon as possible.
You can add additional paper for signatures as
We have been in consultation with a good
many prominent men, and they all want lumber
to remain on the free list and have advised this
As you know Manitoba and the Territories
have just commenced to develop and the great
influx of settlers coming in during the past two
years has increased your business and benefited
If a duty were put on it would increase your
buying price, as the British Columbia Manufacturers would increase those prices this amount,
thereby compelling you to raise your prices to
the consumer, thus curtailing your own trade.
If your town has a Board of Trade we would
suggest that you have the Board pass a resolution protesting against any increased duty and
send to your member of Parliament.
Hoping you will get this petition signed by as
many as possible of the citizens of your town and
district and return to us, we are
Yours truly,
Case & Chandler."
"To the Honorable W. S. Fielding, Minister of
Finance, Ottawa, Ont.:
"The petition of the undersigned residents of
Manitoba and the Northwest Territories humbly
The A. R. Williams Machinery Co.,
Engines, Boilers,
Machinery and Mill and Factory Supplies
Wc Exchange Machinery	
We Purchase Good Second-hand Machinery for Cash.
We Sell Machinery on Commission Basis.   Warehousing Tree of Charge	
Write us when in want of anything in Engines,
Boilers, Mill and Factory Machinery or Supplies. • •
"i. The lumber required by settlers in
Manitoba and the Northwest Territories is almost wholly produced outside of the limits of the
Province and the Territories. In consequence of
this fact, lumber material is perhaps more expensive in Manitoba and the Northwest than in
any other portion of the Dominion. Lumber material is also more of a necessity here than in any
other province, on account of the abnormal cost
of brick, cement, and other such building material. The first expense of an incoming settler is
naturally that for material for which to house
himself and his cattle, and therefore the cost of
lumber is a matter of great moment to the people
of the Northwest.
"2. The development of the Northwest is practically only commencing. The vigorous immigration policy of the Government is inducing
large numbers of immigrants to look to the
Northwest for settlement. Anything which is
likely to increase the burden of the settler will
iturally retard immigration.
'3. In view of the persistent rumors that the
jnber companies of British Columbia are corn-
ring in an effort to cause a duty to be put up-
suc'i lumber, which is now on the free list,
pr petitioners take this opportunity of pointing
the above facts, and of placing themselves
record as being strongly opposed to any
jure which will increase the duty on lumber.
>ur petitioners, therefore, pray,
That no measure be passed by the Parlia-
|of Canada which will increase the duty on
r, or which will impose a duty upon lum-
jw upon the free list.
'hat you   will   take  such   action    as  will
|his petition and the prayer of your peti-
before the Parliament of Canada,
your petitioners, as in duty bound, will
Ited this second day of January, 1005."
fthis is a sample of the objections advanced
lur opponents, our delegates should have an
victory and should have no difficulty what-
hr in proving the justness of our claims for
riff adjustment on lumber exports, especially
|hen it becomes known that the authors of the
ttition are representatives of American mills,
^who are naturally averse to the imposition of a
duty. A petition emanating from such a source
should be of little value. It is chiefly to such
men as these that we attribute the most of opposition to our legitimate rights, as it is they and
such as they who are making the gain upon the
sale of cheap American lumber, not the consumer,
and therefore the imposition of a duty would put
them out of business.
We are indebted to Mr. E. P. Rremner, a
prominent timber owner of this city,
for the following opinion on the above subject.
The suggestions put forward by Mr. Hremner
seem favorable, and the time is opportune to have
an expression of opinion from others interested
in the welfare of the Province regarding its timber lands and the most equitable administration
The habit of finding fault with a government
is far from being a virtue. Indeed, we think the
practice a pernicious one, and responsible for
much bad government. While one may not approve of a certain policy, the heaping thereon of
abuse is not in accordance with the ethics of good
citizenship. Rather is it the duty of everyone
having the interests of the community at heart
to aid by all means at their command in the solution of the very vexatious problems with which
governments have to contend. In the remarks
therefore which follow we do not wish to be
understood as merely critical, but touch on the
timber question with the object of suggesting
possible improvements in the regulations.
At the last session of the Legislature the view
was expressed by the Hon. Richard McBride that
he hoped the Province would be enabled to pay
off its whole public debt from its timber resources. While wc beg to respectfully dissent
on the advisability of harnessing upon one industry the entire burden of the provincial obligations, we believe, nevertheless, the timber resources could go far toward attaining the end
desired, providing the policy adopted respecting
our timber lands is a prudent one. The Premier
did not indicate the course to be pursued to realize his object, and it is improbable that the
amendments to the timber sections in the Land
Act passed last session were not intended for
more than a temporary expedient to increase the
The timber of our Province is valuable principally for the direct revenue it creates and for the
employment it furnishes. We will treat the question with these foremost objects:
1. Obtaining adequate revenue returns from
crown timber lands.
2. Securing maximum promotion of the industry.
3. The conservation of timber resources so
as to avoid waste.
Our direct revenue from timber is derived in
two ways, viz.; rental on timber lands, either as
leases or under the name of "fees" from special
licenses, and by stumpage or royalty on the actual cut. Our total collected on stumpage for the
past year will amount to about $175,000. If we
accept the statements from the sawmill managers we are led to believe that the limit of the
local and domestic (Canadian) demand for lumber has been reached and that the mills already
in operation can supply these wants. This then
would narrow the future expectation for increased revenue down to the augmenting of stumpage
through the finding of new markets for lumber,
and to an extended area of timber land for which
the government will draw rent.
During 1904 the various rental fees have
amounted to probably $250,000, as compared with
$175,000, the probable amount for stumpage as
before observed. It is obvious from this that the
Province derives a greater revenue from rental
fees than from stumpage dues. But the important point must also not be overlooked that this
large return from rental fees does not depend
on the cutting of the timber, but will conditionally continue over a period of years. In other
words, while the treasury draws income from it
the timber may still stand to yield in due time its
stumpage royalty when cut and as a guarantee
to the Province of future supply. In this respect our laws are unique as compared with those
of the other provinces, where timber lands rent
for something like one cent per acre, a most insignificant amount. Our system, however, always involves this danger to its success, which
simply is that if the rental fees are placed at a
prohibitive rate, the area thus held must continue to be small. That it is desirable in the interests of the Province to have a large area of
unused lands drawing income will meet with
general approval. As matters now stand we have
much less than 2,000,000 acres held under special
licence and lease. If out of a total of 250,000.000
acres contained in the Province, we had 10,000,-
000 acres contributing a return, what a difference
it would make to the treasury. Supposing a rental of 15 cents per acre were received, wc would
have $1,500,000 paid in yearly, while we could
also count on not less than $200,000 per annum
from stumpage. which would make altogether a
total of $1,700,000, or nearly 80 per cent of the entire expenditure of the Provincial Government.
We point to this proposition to show the possibilities of revenue from timber without undue
burdening. The question naturally follows, what
present obstacles stand in the way of larger timber
areas being taken up? We believe it is because
the prohibitive rental fee has about been reached, and also the title conveyed in special licences
is by many viewed with disfavor, and especially
so by strangers. There is no reasonable excuse for a government permitting even an impression of insecurity in this respect to pet
abroad. While there is no doubt the Government intends its title to be good and lasting, it
should put an end forever to the possibilities of
evil  report.
We have next to consider what constitutes a
fair rental for timber land. There have been
many instances falling under our notice where
strangers desirous of embarking in the lumber
industry here have found their final objection to
doing business in the high yearly fee per acre
now asked for timber lands. Those having their
holdings under lease are not dissatisfied, but the
average rental of these is only io'/i cents per
acre, while east of the Cascades the fee on special
licences is 18 cents per acre, and on the coast
not less than 22 cents per acre, a price which
has caused much discontent. It would thus
seem evident that the former price is nearer the
acceptable figure than the latter. If we would
therefore consult the interests of our revenue we
must beware of asking a rental for land in accordance with a value which is 20 or 30 year:*
To maintain our lumber industry at a high
standard of prosperity is indeed a worthy aim.
To do this there must be something like an
equality between supply and requirement. At
the same time a little crowding of markets is
sometimes the signal for a burst of enterprise
which will lead to an extended demand. It has
been said, however, by many actively engaged in
the lumber business that a system of encouraged
timber holding would have a tendency for the
crowding in of more nulls than were required.
The present mill conditions attached to leases
are objectionable on this account. A high acreage fee also inclines the holder of limits to release himself of the burden by sawing his timber
and perhaps launching a business into the whirlpool of an over-worked industry. On the other
hand a fee within the bounds of financial endurance will enable the holder of timber to await
the proper opportunity for embarking in his enterprise.
If the signs of the times are not misread the
demand for our timber must largely increase.
The opening of the Orient to the Oxident will
prove an extensive factor in our timber cut. But
the United States, which would otherwise be our
best buyer, is at present discouraged from importing on account of the duty of $2.00 per
thousand on rough lumber. It is true that the
Panama Canal will aid us to export to the Kast-
ern States, notwithstanding the handicap mentioned. It may even occur that this duty shall
eventually be removed, and if it should be so
that American capital becomes interested to any
extent in our timber, it can be depended upon
that its influence will go far toward the abolishment  of the  customs  barrier.
In dealing with the husbanding of timber resources we shall pass consideration in detail of
the great enemy to forests—fire. Our supply of
timber for the future is a topic daily discussed.
If the Government will carefully avoid extensive
land grants attached to railway charters, the public will have less to apprehend, both as regards
raw material and future provision for the treasury. The practice has been responsible in the
past for alienating some of the most valuable
acres and millions of acres at that—of which
the Province boasts. Even now there are large
areas of timber country bearing the official map
label, "Lands Reserved for Railway Purposes."
In fairness to the present Government, it must
be said that they did not originate these reserves.
The waste of timber in the forests and mills
has time and again been pointed out. Competent
judges say that more than 50 per cent, is left in
the woods after the selections of timber have
been made which our mills demand. The practice has been universally condemned by eastern
lumbermen who 'nave viewed the destruction.
More fires have originated in these half destroyed timber limits than in all the green timber put
together. It is to be sincerely hoped the evil will
light itself and the permission from the Government to export at least second-class logs would
go far toward removing a grave menace, and at
the same time there would be turned to profitable account material which is now completely
In the ways and means to avoid timber waste,
the argument for a moderate charge in acreage BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
H. DePENCIER, Manager
North Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd
BARNET,   B.   C.
(Vumb\a Fir. Spruce ailc/ ^
m_.   ~ * Cm   i"    ~»n.
Mills on Burrard Inlet and Canadian Pacific Railway
k» -■>.» *£• mIL. «La *■*■- aAa ajLa •£• »Le •&• »le »!• al* aAa avi* al* a&a aAa at* at* aA« aaa aAa aAa *£• aAa aAa aAa aAa aAa aAa aAa aAa aAa aAa aAa aAa aAa aAa aAa aAa aAa aAa •A* •A* aAa aAa aAa aAa aAa aAa la*
•5* 4
&    HUGH MoDONALD, President L. A. LEWIS, General Manager    ,J.
Brunette Saw Mill Co., Ltd
(P. O. Address, SAPPERTON, B. C.)
Lumber, Shingles, Boxes, Mouldings |
«$* You need not go elsewhere; we supply all kinds of British Columbia Lumber 4
i 4
£t It pays to order Lumber, Shingles, Mouldings, Laths, Doors, Etc, In 4
<$* mixed carloads, as you can then keep less on hand, and ordering 4
it in this way you get quicker shipment      **
I === I
t I
| Saw Mill, Planing Mill, Shingle Mill and Box Factory on C.P.R. and Fraser River, at Sapperton * 6
fees again commends itself. Instead of a desire
to take, as it were, merely the cream of timber
growth from the lands and then straightway
abandoning the limit, a greater care would be exercised to utilize all timber of value, even to
that which would yield but a small return. A
lighter fee would make such a course profitable,
as each year timber becoming more and more
valuable, would suggest a policy to the operator
involving a minimum of waste, in order that the
timber might last to meet the greatly enhanced
values  of the future.
The following companies have received certificates of incorporation in British Columbia since
our last report:
The Violin  Lake  Lumber Company,  incorpor-
ted on the 15th day of December, 1904, with a
apital of $50,000.00, divided into five    hundred
hares of $100 each.
The Fraser River Saw-Mills, Lt'd, incorporat-
on the 23rd day of December, 1904, with a cap-
of $500,000, divided into 5,000 shares of $100.00
he Thompson River Lumber Co., Lt'd, incor-
ted on the 7th January, 1905, with a capital
0,000, divided into 100 shares of $100 each.
fcime existence of the company is 50 years.
Everett  Timber  &  Investment   Co.,  with
ffice situated at Everett, County of Snoho-
State of Washington, U. S. A., was on the
jiiay of Dec,  1904, registered as  an  extra-
cial company.    The amount of the capital
,000, divided into 3,500 shares    of $100.00
I The   head   office  of   the   company   in  the
ce is situate in the City of Victoria, 34^2
nment   Street,    E.   V.   Bodwell   being   the
uring the month of December, 1904, there
■ere 119 timber licenses issued; 20 were new
censes and 99 renewals. These are thus appor-
ond to the several districts:
est  Kootenay   District     15
S.  E.  Kootenay  District     15
New Westminster District     u
Kootenay  District     43
East Kootenay District     13
Howe Sound District       2
Coast District       4
Cariboo District     n
Okanagan  District..         2
Nanaimo   District       I
Say wood District       1
Cassiar District       1
Total     119
The annual meeting of the Western Retail
Lumber Dealers' Association met in Winnipeg on
the 18th and 19th inst.
In   anticipation   of   a   large   gathering   at that
meeting we received the following neatly printed
invitation   from   the   Red   Deer   Lumber   Co.,   of
"To Our Retail Friends:
"We will keep open house in our offices, 306 to
313 Union Bank Building, during the days of the
meeting of the Western Retail Lumbermen's
Association, and will try and look after your
comfort. It will be a pleasure to us if you will
make our offices your headquarters.
Those of the retail men that we have not met
we want to meet, and those we have met we
want ot meet again.    Come early and often.
Reception hours, 1 a.m. to 1 a.m., except Sunday. Yours truly,
The Red Debr Lumber Co.
During the past year and since the new act
came into force covering the exportation of logs,
approximately $15,000 has been paid into the
Provincial Treasury from this source.
From our Special Correspondents.
Victoria Lumbermen  Look for  Large Business
From   Mexico.—The   Building   Record  foij
1904 Reaches Over Three-Quarters of a Million.
Victoria, Jan. 20.—The new year opens
with hopeful prospects for the sawmill men, loggers and lumber dealers of Vancouver Island,
the outlook for a good season's business being
generally conceded as excellent. The recent action of the Dominion Government in endeavoring
to establish a regular trade with Mexico is already bearing fruit, three local firms—the Sayward Mill Co., Shawnigan Lake Lumber Co., and
Lemon & Gonnasson, having made trial shipments of special lines of lumber, and the fact that
certain Mexican capitalists are arranging for a
fleet of sailing vessels to ply between Mexican
and British Columbian ports would indicate that
the people of the southern republic are alive to
the possibilities of the trade. The appointment
of Mr. J. B. H. Rickaby as Mexican consul here
has given satisfaction to the business men of the
city, and it is now hoped that by the time the
proposed subsidized steamship line is in running
order a considerable business will have been established, sufficient to secure profitable voyages
from the initiation of the service. In connection
with this Mexican enterprise, it is likely that the
Provincial Government will be asked to amend
the act imposing an export tax on logs and manufactured lumber, in order to permit the exportation of telegraph and telephone poles. These
appear to be in good demand in Mexico, and it
is pointed out by loggers that this class of raw
material should not be subject to the operation
of the act, as the poles would not be used for
other purposes in the country to which they
were exported. One firm complains that a very
large order for telegraph poles for Mexico had
to be declined on account of the tax, and others
state that they would secure numerous orders
if the tax were removed.
The  1904 Building Record.
The Victoria building inspector reports the
erection of 131 wooden buildings and 15 brick
buildings during 1904, the total cost of which
he places at $607,150. These buildings were put
up within the city limits, and do not include Oak
Bay, Esquimalt, Mount Tolmie, Cedar Hill and
other suburbs, in all of which considerable building was done. Mr. Northcott estimates the value
of new suburban buildings at something over
$75,000, or in round numbers $Koo,ooo for the city
and suburbs.
New Works.
The new Oak Bay hotel is now in the hands
of the lathers and plasterers, the frame, &c,
having been raised and completed in exactly 19
working days—a record breaking bit of work, of
which the contractor, Mr. F. J. Mesher, is justly
The C. P. R. dock is finished and in use, and
the offices are being rushed to completion. The
dock, roomy as it is, is crowded nearly all the
time, and those in the know say the company
will have to increase the accommodation almost
The P. S. N. Co. is making preparations to begin building its new dock at the junction of Humboldt and Wharf streets, t?nders for which will
be called for in a short time, so that the work
will be completed in time for the summer business.
Local Lumber Consumption of Winnipeg Expected to Be Greater Than Last Year—Organization of a Pulp & Lumber Co.—Railway and Telephone Extensions.
Winnipeg, Jan. 19.—The retail lumber trade is
quiet here, this being the decidedly off season in
the business. Building, except in the steel lines,
is practically at a standstill. The dealers are,
however, jubilant concerning the prospects for
the coming summer, as it is almost assured that
the consumption of lumber of all grades will be
quite up to, if not greater than that of the past
year. Contractors are preparing for a season of
very active construction, and the number of permits for buildings to be erected in the city next
summer is a guarantee that the local trade will
be a big item in the year's business.
Big Company Disbands.
One of the features among the happenings in
the building line has been the disbanding of the
Manitoba Construction Company, which was a
combination of the leading contractors of Winnipeg, and which resulted in the securing of all
the large contracts last season by the amalgamated operators. However, dissatisfaction broke
out in the ranks and culminated in the dissolving of the general partnership. There is no
doubt that the Construction Company was successful and that it did splendid work. Some of
the finest buildings erected in the city for some
years were put up by it last summer, such as the
new C. P. R. shops and the commencement of
the Government immigration hall. There remains a good deal of work to be completed by it
next summer, but as soon as this has been cleaned up the Manitoba Construction will have ceased
to exist and the individual contractors composing it will go back to their old methods.
New Lumber and Pulp Interests.
The Anglin Lumber and Pulp Company has
been organized with headquarters at Winnipeg.
Its capital is stated to be $300,000, and it proposes to operate in lumber and pulp on the Winnipeg River near Lac du Bonnet, about 65 miles
from this city. Application is being made at the
present session of the Manitoba Legislature for
an act of incorporation. It is intended to erect a
lumber and pulp mill on the company's property
and to engage in all the pursuits usually carried
on by firms of this nature. Action will also be
taken towards the establishment of a townsite
on 400 acres of land which is owned by the company on the Winnipeg River at what is known
as Manitoba Falls, and an effort will be made towards the development of power for manufacturing and transportation purposes. There is
now under course of construction an electric railway line from this city to the Winnipeg River,
and the new company proposes to connect its
power system with this line with the idea of
eventually furnishing power to the City of Win
nipeg for commercial purposes. Thomas Sharpe,
Mayor of Winnipeg, is among the applicants for
the charter. He, however, will not be connected
witli the power scheme, but will have part only
111 the lumbering end of the project. The names
of the applicants for the franchise are G. Olaf
son, S. Sveinson, A. ilemi, and J. Thompson, of
Minneapolis, and Thomas Wade, Edward 11 agar,
Thomas Sharpe, Charles Gerrie and J. Henry, of
Ties for Canadian Northern.
Huff & Carter, well known tinibermen of Fort
Saskatchewan, have been awarded the contract
for the taking out of 100,000 ties for the Canadian Northern Railway during the winter. These
ties are to be used next season in the extension
of the main line towards Edmonton. The contract calls for their delivery at Battleford by July
T, 1905. Work will be commenced at once on the
firm's timber limits on the Vermilion River, 45
miles northeast of Edmonton, and about 100 men BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
and 425 teams are to be employed during the winter. The ties will be rafted and floated down
the Saskatchewan River to Battleford in the
Big Lumber Cut This Winter.
All the lumbering firms which carry on operations in the woods in the Winnipeg district are
this winter taking out the heaviest cuts in the
history of the industry. Conditions have been
must favorable so far and the work in the woods
is proceeding very successfully. The increase in
the cut is necessitated by the effort of the Canadian lumbermen to keep pace with the growth
in the demand for lumber through the steady addition to the population throughout the west. In
the Fort Frances and Rat Portage districts quite
a number of small mills are being erected and
will add to the general output of sawn lumber
next season.
Contractors Have Troubles.
Peter Lyall & Sons, who have the contract for
the new C. P. R. station and hotel here, are having trouble with the local stonecutters' union,
which has ordered a strike, because the contractors have installed what is known as a planer in
the preparation of cut stone for the hotel. The
union objects to the introduction of the planer
in. cities where it has not already been an institution, and in consequence 20 stonecutters who
had winter jobs with the Lyall people have quit
work and refused to go back. In the meantime
the planer is in operation and some stonecutters
have come from Montreal and taken the places
of the striking locals. It is anticipated that there
will be serious clashing of interests when work
opens up in the spring. All the contractors who
Work in stone are supporting Lyall in the stand
he.has taken, and several other planers are to be
introduced in the spring. The union stonecutters are working with the planers in other Canadian cities.
Are After Their Deposits.
Representative Lind, of Minnesota, has taken
steps in the United States Congress to secure the
refund from the Treasury Department of $50,000,
which legally belongs to lumbermen of that State
who cut timber on the Cass Lake reservation,
near the Canadian border, last winter, and whose
contracts with the Government have now been
settled. This money was deposited by the lumbermen with the Government in the form of 20
per cent, of their bids when they made contracts
for the faithful performance of their obligations.
Through some blunder the money was converted
to the Treasury Department, and the lumbermen
were required to pay the amount in full of their
bids, By a decision of the controller, money
once paid into the treasury cannot be refunded
without the specific authority of Congress, hence
the action by Congressman  Lind.
Winnipeg Postoffice Contract.
'I'he contract for the new postoffice in Winnipeg has been secured by Thomas Kelly, of this
city, who was formerly a prominent member of
the Manitoba Construction Company, which has
jUSt been disbanded. Work on the construction
of the new building will be commenced in the
spring. Verv large quantities of cement are to be
used in the building, which is to cost somewhat
more than half a million.
Telephone Extension.
The Bell Telephone Company proposes to inaugurate a campaign of extension of its line
through the Province during the coming summer.
General Superintendent McFarlane, of Montreal,
is in the city now in connection with the letting
of the contracts for poles and other supplies.
General .Conditions Decidedly .Favorable .to
British Columbia.—Ontario will Warmly Second the Demand for an Import Duty.—Imports and Exports.—Britain's Requirements.
Toronto, Ont., Jan. 16.—Prices for lumber are
well maintained with a reasonable prospect for
an advance in the spring. The local demand has
been heavy owing to the extent of building, 1904
having been a record year in this respect. Out-
of-door operations will continue till a later date
than usual, owing to the comparatively mild weather, notwithstanding which a large number of
contracts remain unfinished, and there will be
a fair demand throughout the winter. Latterly
there has been a considerable increase in enquiries from the United States, with the pros-
nect of extensive orders for spring. With the
improvement of the British market, the higher
grades, which have shown some weakness, will
stiffen in price. Operators are disposed to be
optimistic in their views as to the coming season,
owing to the limitation of the cut in the Georgian Bay district, and the favorable indications
for an increased demand despite the continued
and steadily growing importations of Southern
pine. The last few weeks have been decidedly
favorable for work in the bush, as there have
been heavy frosts, with comparatively light
snowfalls, and reports from camps in the Georgian Bay limits indicate a good output, in proportion to the diminished number of men at
work. Hemlock is likely to be more in requisition than in former seasons, with prospects of
higher prices. Shingles continued low in price,
with a slack market, the B. C. red cedar holding
their own, with a probability of large sales when ■
the season opens.
The Ontario Trade Moves for Protection.
Ontario Lumbermen have been a little slow in
taking action as regards bringing pressure to bear
upon   the  government  for  a  duty    on imported
lumber,   but   a   strong   movement  is   that  direction has now been set on foot, and the British
Columbia trade will find their efforts warmly seconded in this Province.    A meeting of the Executive   Board   of  the  Ontario  Lumber  Association was held on the 21st ulto., and though no definite  official  action was then taken, the feeling
was  unanimous in favor of appointing a strong
delegation   to   co-operate   with   the   British   Columbians in urging upon the Laurier administration the adoption of a duty upon American lumber equal to that imposed by the United States
upon the Canadian product.   The annual meeting
of the association will be held in February, and
matters   will   hardly   be   in   shape   much  before
that time   as the Ontario elections take place on
the 25th inst., and little can be done until they
are   over.    The   question,   however,   is   one   that
latterly  has   come  home   to  the  lumbermen   of
Eastern Canada much more closely than before,
owing to the competition with the cheap lumber
of the Southern States, while theyv are now experiencing  in   their  own   local  markets,  so   that
when action  is taken  it will be much more decided and vigorous than has been the case in the
Lumber Shipments and Imports.
The monthly report of the Canadian Department of Trade and Commerce, for September^
the latest to hand, shows a continued falling off
in the export trade, due entirely to the decreased
British demand. While shipments to the United
States of all kinds of unmanufactured wood as
compared with September, 1903, have increased
from $ 1.824,4^ to $2,032,793. the exports under
the same heading to Britain have decreased from
$2 582,546 to $1,232,360. The square timber trade
once so considerable an item, is practically annihilated. Exports of square oak timber to Britain have fallen from $126,755 to $860 and of
square white pine from $590,327 to $29,635. Shipments of boards and planks, however, in the ag-
Hardwoods and Decorative Timbers
Railway Ties, Dock Building and Piles.
Our Iron Woods for Railway Ties
Australian Decorative Timbers are Unrivalled!
Agent for Caanda and Washington 1
P. 0. Box 909
gregate show a slight increase, the figures being
$1,586,370 for last September as compared with
$i»5^,634 for the corresponding month of 1903.
An encouraging feature is the increasing trade
in this line with the Argentine Republic, which
has risen in value from $31,522 to $167,587. Ex-
portations of pulp wood to the United States
have increased from $204,661 to $322,832, and
what is more satisfactory the shipments of the
finished product have also been augmented, having risen from $218,070 to $338,026. The trade
in doors, sashes and blinds has fallen from $21,-
085  to $10,240.
Importations of lumber and timber, planks,
boards, &c, free of duty from the United States,
amounted in value to $392,159 as compared with
$567,747 in September, 1003,—a temporary falling
off. The growth of this trade is shown by the
figures covering the quarter ending September
30th, for the last three years, which are as follows: 1902, $839,479; 1903, $1,626,372; 1904, $1,-
British Requirements.
W. A. McKinnon, Canadian commercial agent
at Bristol, England, reports to the Department
of Trade and Commerce that there is a great
demand for pitwood props, to be used in the
Welsh coal mines. Cardiff alone imports 150,-
000 tons per annum of pitwood and one firm
there has offered to take four cargoes a season
as a commencement. The props must be 6]/2 or
9 feet in length, and the diameter at the small
end may vary from 3 to 8 inches in the 6l/2 foot
lengths, or from 4 to 8 inches in the 9 fo°t
lengths. Red and white pine arc asked for, but
any wood will be satisfactory if it has the required strength and can be laid down at ruling
prices. Mr. McKinnon also notes a demand for
clean, while pulp-wood, 4 to 6 feet in length and
$Yi inches and upwards in diameter. One firm,
he says, is willing to take from 2,000 to 3,000
tons  to begin with.
American Forestry Congress.
The forestry movement will no doubt receive
a considerable stimulus from the American Forestry Congress, held this month in Washington,
in which Canada was well represented. Aubrey
White, Deputy Minister of the Crown Lands Department, and Dr. Judson Clark, Provincial Forester, were in attendance. Mr. White is president of the Canadian Forestry Association, and
his address, recounting what has already been
accomplished in Ontario, was one of the noteworthy features of the gathering. Much yet,
however, remains to be done before the Province
has a forestry system worthy of the name. All
that has so far been accomplished is to withdraw
large areas from settlement and make provisions
for protecting the standing timber from fire.
Nothing has been done towards providing for
the operation of the forestry preserves or the
framing of regulations under which the mature 8
i I 4
U j ■ ,
•I t
Fir, Cedar, Spruce 5?S
We have a large
Stock on Hand of
E. G. Flooring
1-2 in, Ceiling, Drop Siding, Etc.
Shingles, Lath, Doors
...and Mouldings
We can Load
Mixed Cars
Hastings Saw   Mill, Vancouver Royal City Saw and Planing Mills, Vancouver
Moodyville Saw Mill, Burrard Inlet Royal City Saw and Planing: Mills, New Westminster
! Flooring
I Siding
I Factory Stock K,LN DR,ED FIR
* Ceiling
Stepping )
Casings |
Kiln Dried Cedar and Fir ■ Mouldings
Finish \
Dimension Lumber of all Kinds
Eir and Cedar
^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^♦^^♦^ BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
E. H. HEAPS & CO.,
Lath, Shingles, Doors, Mouldings, Etc
Cedar Bevelled Siding, Cedar Deer and Sash Stock, cut te she, Cedar Finish, Base, Casing, Newels Balusters,
Etc.  Douglas Fir Timber up to 85 feet In length.
Cedar Gove Mill, Vancouver, 6. 6.
Ruskin Mill, Ruskin, B. &
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
timber is to be cut. The matter has been again
and again brought to the attention of the perfunctory Ross administration, and while they
have from time to time outlined plans for the
working of the reserves, it has all ended like so
many more of their professions—in talk. The
question is one of growing urgency with the advance of settlement in New Ontario. Much of
the timber will decay if it is left to nature much
longer. But a government which has to devote
all its energies to fighting for its existence, as
the Ross outfit have been doing for the past two
years, has little time to devote to anything but
immediate   political   issues.
Incorporations of New Companies.
The following lumber companies have obtained
provincial  charters of incorporation:
Muskoka Lakes Filling and Supply Co., Ltd.,
head office Toronto; capital, $40,000; provisional
directors, Albert Ogden and A. D. Watson, all
of Toronto, and A. A. Young of Rosseau.
Ross-Taylor Company, Limited, head office Exeter; capital, $.K>,ooo; provisional directors, Donald A. Ross, John Taylor and John Robert Hind,
all of P.xeter.
Consumers' Box and Lumber Co., Ltd., head
office Toronto; capital $100,000; provisional directors, John B. Filler, John McClelland and
Frank Sully, all of Toronto.
have Dominion title. The dispute is of long
standing, and a speedy settlement is sought.
The Poulin Lumber Co., of Ottawa, have made
an assignment for the benefit of their creditors.
Algonquin Park, which answers to some extent the purposes of a forest reserve, though not
strictly such, has been increased by the addition
of from 70,000 to 75,000 acres of well-timbered
land on the eastern side. Its present area is about
t,800,000  acres.
E. J. Zavitz, former forester at the Ontario Agricultural College, is taking a course at the Michigan School of Forestry and will resume his duties
in  the  spring.
On the Ottawa Siver Conditions Show Brighter
Outlook.—Expected Renewals of Orders for
the British Market.—Ottawa Lumbermen
Will Assist in Pressing for Duty.
L R. Booth, E. IT. Bronson and Warren Y.
Soper, representing the water power properties
of the Chaudicrc, recently interviewed Premier
Laurier to press for a settlement of the vexed
question as to whether the ownership of the river
hed is vested in the Dominion or Provincial government. They have had trouble with the owners
of water power on the Quebec side as to the
amount of .vatcr which each have a right to take.
The Quebec men claim a title from the Provincial government, while those on the Ontario side
Ottawa, Jan. x6.—Interest in lumber circles
in the Ottawa district is now centred on the "up-
river" operations. As far as the manufactured
end of the market is concerned there has been
little or nothing to say for months past. Nobody seems to be selling any great quantity of
stock, but all seem to be hopeful of the future.
The renewed strength of the iron and steel commodities in the States is taken as indicating that
lumber will once more come into its own.
Even the deep depression that hung over the
English market for the past year seems to be
lifting It is believed that stocks of Canadian
lumber are so low in the Mother Country that
a renewal of them will have to be made. The
high prices at which Canadian pine was held during the past two years, created a demand in the
Rritish market for the Baltic red pine which
being harder to work, was not in such favor as
the Canadian article previously.
The American Market.
In the American market it is confidently expected that 1905 will be a good year for Cana-
dain stock. The long open fall was a very favorable one for building operations in the States,
and consequently the demand for Canadian
shingles has continued strong. The price has
advanced, best quality cedar XXXX shingles
now selling at $3.25.
The Eastern demand for British Columbia lumber was very lax during the last half of 1904,
but the prospects for 1905 are bright. Considerable ship building will be proceeded with and
this will create a demand for British Columbia
timber which in the past few years has gained
great prestige for ship building purposes. The
Dominion government will also carry out many
of its pre-election promises, and proceed with
large contracts for public buildings, in which
British Columbia timber will, as in the past, be
used extensively. The demand for British Columbia shingles, which was lax, has also freshened up.
Logging Conditions Favorable.
Operations on the limits throughout Canada
were carried out during the past four or five
months under ideal conditions. There was
scarcely a day's rain, and the work of log cutting went on without interruption. In fact some
of the firms have completed this branch of their
work and are now engaged hauling the logs to
the rivers. Mr. J. R. Booth has commenced the
movement of his logs from the Madawaska limits north-west of Ottawa at the rate of 100 cars
a day. A recent thaw packed the snow hard, and
made the logging roads fit for hauling.
Tn the Georgian Bay district, where American
and Canadian firms are alike engaged, there will
be a reduction in the log cut this year of between
thirty and forty per cent. The reason given for
this reduction is the slow movement of the lum- I Si.'
ber during the past  six months, which left  the
yards  stocked up  to  the limit.    The heavy surplus that was carried over in the yard, made it
unwise and unnecessary to carry on logging operations  on  as  extensive  a  scale  as  during  the
two previous winters.    The timber already manufactured was cut in the log when labor was high,
hence making it all the more advisable to get rid
of  the  lumber  in   the   pile  before  making  more
in the log.    As far as the Ottawa district is concerned   there  could  be  no  appreciable  reduction
cerned   there  couiu   ok   mu  ■•. ,
in  the  log  cut,  although   the   output   of  waney
and square timber will be far below that of previous years.   The reason for  this is seen in the
depression which has marked the English market
for the past year and which forced the price of
Canadian waney and square  timber away down.
Amongst   the   firms   that   have    abandoned   this
branch of the business are the Robert Hurdman
Estate, Edward Moore, R. H. Krock & Co., Fra-
iser & Co., and the  Hull Lumber Co.    Some of
the concerns still have their stocks of waney and
|quare timber on hand, and until it is disposed of
p more will be manufactured.
iThe   Hull   Lumber   Company   and   the   Robert
irdman  Estate  also did  extensive log cutting,
the absence of their camps will make a big
lerence.    However, other  firms  are increasing
r log cut. the list on this side including J. R.
th,   Fraser   &    Co.,   Shepard   &   Morse    and
$N. E. Edwards Co., of Ottawa; McLachlan
Arnprior;   Gillies   Bros.,   Rraeside;   Pem-
Lumber Co., and A. & P. Chite, Pembroke.
hese  firms   have   an   increased   number   of
is  at  work.    In   the lower  Ottawa  country,
especially  on   the  Rouge   river,  log  cutting
|tions are being carried on extensively.
[ New   Brunswick  it   is   expected   that   there
fbe a reduced cut of logs and square timber,
j falling off being due to the depression in the
glish   market.    George    McKean,   a   St.   John
Ihberman, is said  to have  a corner on  all the
eals   available   in   the   New   Brunswick   market.
lie bulk of the deals that are shipped from New
Irunswick   are    manufactured    in   England   into
Bases, boxes  and  packages  for  the shipment  of
Sgoods.    The flatness of the  English market has
had a tendency to boom the dry lumber trade of
the Maritime Provinces, with the result that from
New Brunswick an increased number of cargoes
have been shipped.
Business with South America is away off, according to the Ottawa lumber men, the frequent
revolutions of late creating an unstable feeling
and upsetting business, thus depressing the demand.
A Big Deal.
A big lumber deal has just been put through in
New  Brunswick,  involving  about $300,000.   The
large timber tracts, mills, etc.. owned by C. M.
Bostwick,  and   situated  at   Great  Salmon   River,
N.   B.,  have  been   sold   to   the   Pejepscot   Paper
Co., of  Rrunswick, Me.   The tract sold consists
of 100,000 acres of well wooded spruce land.
Official Returns.
Official reports show that during the season of
1904,  Michigan  received 87,600,000 feet of Canadian lumber, considerably less than the previous
The Duty Question.
The timber men of Western Canada will, at the
coming session of the Parliament, make a strong
effort to have a retaliatory duty of $2 per thousand placed on all undressed lumber shipped into
Canada from the States.   The claim is made that
Manitoba   and   the   Northwest   is    flooded    with
American cheap lumber, and that for this reason
many of the British Columbia mills have had to
close  down,  being  shut  out  of what  they  consider their legitimate field.    Some time ago the
Canadian manufacturers and dealers were charged
with forming a combine, and the settlers are now
a little chary about supporting them in their request   for   the   imposition   of   a  duty.    However,
the Canadian lumbermen  state that if given the
protection afforded by such a duty, they will not
take advantage of it to advance prices.    Such a
pledge has been given some of the public bodies.
Proximity to the new western Canadian market
gives the American mills a big advantage over
the home men. As an indication of the growth
of this international trade, the official returns
show that during 1904 free lumber was shipped
into the Canadian Northwest from American
mills to the value of $5,774,022, an increase of
$1,750,000 over 1003. The total lumber shipments
to Canada from the States amounted to $9,110,257,
an  increase  of $2,412,307 over   1903.
Milimen of the Sound Fully Appreciate Necessity of Putting An End to Over Production.—To Press the 40 Cent Rate.—Trade
Conditions for  1905 Seem Good.
Seattle, Jan.  17.—The usual  shut-down among
the mills  of  the   State   occurred  this   year,  and
milimen will be slower than formerly in opening
up their mills.   The effect of the shut-down has
been quite beneficial and good results in the way
of better prices and brisk spring orders are bound
to occur.    Traveling men from Seattle machinery
houses who have visited the various mills of the
State  report   that   shingle  and   lumber  manufacturers as a rule anticipate a much better condition   of   the   future   market,    that   especially   the
shingle   manufacturers   are   taking   advantage   of
the shut-down by remodeling and improving their
mills,   installing   modern    and    up-to-date   labor
saving machinery, so as better to meet the competition   from   other     sections     of   the   country-
Many upright shingle machines are being installed, and more economical systems are to be employed during the  coming season in  conducting
the mills.    Next, it  is  admitted  that  the output
must   be   systematically    curtailed.   The    stocks
must   be   cut   down,   and   over-production   cease
before the chief industry of  the  Northwest  can
be  placed   on   a   profitable   basis.   The    shutting
down of 424 mills in Washington, Idaho, Oregon,
Montana  and   Rritish   Columbia  for  a  period  of
six weeks  during  the  holidays  caused, it  is estimated, a reduction in the production of 400.000,-
000 feet of lumber and 600,000.000 shingles.    How
this amount will affect the trade can be best understood  when   attention   is   called   to   the   total
shipments   of  last   year.   During   1003   the  total
rail and cargo shipments from the entire Northwest  amounted   to   2,100,000,000  feet    of  lumber
and   6,000,000,000   shingles.    The    stocks    at   the
mills are in addition very low this year compared
to that of last season, and reports from the East
also state that the  amount of stock on hand is
very low and will have to be replenished as soon
as the season opens, which occurs on March 15th.
Tliosc   who  have   investigated   conditions  in   the
East state that there are opportunities for opening  new  markets  in   many  directions,  especially
as  far  as  the  Washington   red  cedar  shingle  is
concerned.    Building   operations   throughout   the
entire eastern and middle west sections promise
a   revival.    The   railroads,   which   did  very  little
new work last  year, are preparing for enormous
expenditure during the coming season, and will
require   large   quantities   of    lumber.    California
and the Panama Canal require a large amount of
lumber during the coming season.    So, it is expected,  will  the  entire Orient.    Tn  fact  the  outlook is bright, and the feeling among lumbermen
is the best for the future.
bill will be enacted during the present session,
and that through this commission the lumbermen
as well as others should seek to secure relief.
Local Trade.
The local trade is all that could be expected for
the reason of the year.    The mills that shut down
in  this city  have again  started and have plenty
of  orders on   hand.   The  local  demand  is  good
and many outside orders are coming to the city.
The   shut-down   enabled   mills    to    make    much
needed repairs and much new machinery has been
installed.    Prices are,  however,  still  too  low  to
warrant  a  reasonable  profit, but   the   market  is
strengthening,   and   prices   will   no   doubt   climb
somewhat during the early spring.    Building operations   promise   to  be   quite  heavy  during  the
coming   year,   and   much   heavy    construction   is
promised in the immediate vicinity along the industrial lines of the electric and steam railways,
ship-building     and     government     improvement
Nine million feet of Washington fir will be used
in  constructing the ore  docks at  Duluth,  Minn.
The order was placed with wholesale dealers here
last month, and the lumber will be delivered some
time <luring  February.    The order has been apportioned   among   a    number    of  mills    on    the
Trade for 1904.
The local trade in Tacoma during 1904 was
quite satisfactory, although the output fell somewhat short of that of kk>3. Most of the lumber
sold came through the local Association, representing nearly all the mills in Tacoma. Prices
have ruled low. About 40,000,000 were consumed
$200.00 Logs.
Bellingham is making records for heavy orders.
During the year that city shipped 25,000,000 to
foreign lands. The Bellingham Bay Improvement Co.'s output during the year was 50,000,000
feet, with an average daily output of 250,000 feet.
The latter mill is now cutting logs that cost
$200 apiece. They are among the largest logs
ever handled at the mill, and one of them, which
was 102 feet long and 50 inches in diameter,
scaled approximately 12,000 feet. From each log
was cut a timber 24 inches square and 102 feet
long, besides a number of immense planks.
These heavy timbers will go to San Francisco.
The cut nf the Hoquiam mills for 1904 was
100,000,000 feet of lumber, 267,000,000 shingles,
and 1^,000,000 lath.
California is a large consumer of lumber products, and if it was not for the continued prosperity of our southern neighbor, Washington
lumbermen would have more reason for complaint. During the year 700,000,000 feet were
shipped to California by rail and water.
For a 40 Cent Rate.
The Legislature is now in session in Olympia,
and  the  measures   against   the  railroads   drafted
by the lumbermen  are to be  pushed  vigorously.
It is hoped that the measures will bring the railroads to time, and that the much desired 40 cent
rate  to   Missouri   River   points   will   be   granted
this   year,   provided   some   of  the   most    radical
features in the proposed laws are withrdawn.    A
small   faction     of     lumbermen     are     cautioning
against pushing the action again too much, inasmuch   as   hostile   measures,   such   as    proposed,
would   forever  cause  an   ill   feeling  to  exist   between   the  railroads  and   the  lumbermen.   They
further believe that a state railway commission
Logging Prospects.
During the year 1005 there will be put into the
Puget Sound about 750,000,000 feet of fir logs,
and perhaps 250.000,000 feet of spruce and cedar,
making 1 total of 1.000,000,000 feet. This represents about one half the log output of the entire
Operations by Japanese.
The Oriental Shingle mill, of Bellingham, man
aged by T.  Fu-ushima, has been operated under
many   difficulties  since   it   started   in   November
This" mill  is one of the plants purchased in this
State hy Japanese capitalists, and is being operated as an experiment, in order to get the "hang
of th.- business, so that the lessons learned here
may   aid   in   operating   plants   to  be   acquired   in
the future.    Trouble with the machinery has been
of  frequent   occurrence,  and  now  comes  a boycott of the lab.r unions in  Bellingham.    Shortly
after  New Year a  wheel broke, and it was sent
to Bellingham to be repaired.    But notamachinc
shop could be found that would undertake the joh
and   it  was  finally  sent   to  Seattle.    This  cost  a
shutdown  of more  than  a  week.    The  manager
of  the  mill,  however,  does  not   worry  over  the
many troubles, and says he will win out tn time. BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
The Rat Portage Lumber Go'y, Limited
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Thomas Kirkpatrick
Daily Capacity, 250,000
Head Office and Mill, HASTINGS. B. C.
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Promptly Attended to
Telephone B 1425
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British Columbia Red Cedar Shingles mute m umber and Lath
Unlimited Capacity for filling orders promptly for all kinds of Lumher, Including Hardwoods and Maple Flooring
Write us for Special Quotations whenever in the Market 12
Sound vs. B. C. Shingles.
For some time strong efforts have been made
by local wholesale lumber merchants to win the
New England States for Washington fir and red
cedar shingles from this State, but the efforts
have been attended with but meagre success. A
letter has just been published by an interested
party from New England, well posted on the
wants and c-onditions in the New England States
relating to this very question. He states that
during the past season he has sold a number of
cars of red cedar finish, siding and shingles, but
that the result of these sales have been neither
satisfactory to the manufacturer, himself or the
consumer. The stock was represented as being
a superior grade and superior to the ordinary
run, but upon arrival he found much inferior
stuff among a good deal of first-class grades. He
further stated that more uniform grading is
wanted, and also a better knowledge of conditions Tn each of the New England States. In
ne State lumber that would be acceptable in anther, could not be sold, owing probably to dif-
ent conditions. British Columbia manufactur-
, he states, ship annually 5.000 cars, or 1,000,-
000 shingles, made on upright machines, 5 to
ches strong, full count, and sell wholesale at
1 to $3.45 a thousand, giving perfect satisfac-
to the trade.   Washington shingles go slow
to $3.10. Should Governor-Elect Douglass
t to remove the tariff, he expects to see
h   Columbia   cedar   in   the    New    England
t in every form and finish.    It is shipped
the C. P. R. at an 82 cent rate, while most
ington stock takes 85 cent, a saving in fa-
f  British  Columbia   mills  of $9 a  car,   or
on  5,000 cars—enough  to pay the  duty.
further  states that  a splendid market exists
ouglas fir in competition with yellow pine.
Some   Extracts   from   the   Proceedings   of   the
American Forestry Association.
Toronto, Jan. 14.—The city's building opera-
ns last year broke all records.   The value of
e new structures erected or begun during the
year reached $5,895,000. That exceeds by $1,500,-
OOO the figures of a year ago, and by $1,000,000
those of 1891, when the permit for the million-
dollar  City  Hall was issued.
Last year 1,124 brick dwellings were erected
at a cost of $2,700,000; nearly 400 roughcasts,
$412,000; fourteen cement dwellings, $30,000; over
400 improvements to dwellings, $130,000; 25 factories, $450,000, and 40 warehouses, over $1,000,-
A 15,000-FOOT LOG.
Mr. W. R. Gilley, of Gilley Bros., of New-
Westminster, is the possessor of a fine specimen
of a British Columbia toothpick in the shape of
a solid and perfect log, which measures ninety
feet in length, and fifty-eight inches in diameter
at the larger end, and fifty-five inches at the
smaller. This immense log would square thirty-
eight inches, and if cut up would produce about
15,000 feet of lumber. It was cut several months
ago on the shore of Pitt Lake, and Mr. Gilley has
already refused an offer of one hundred and fifty
dollars for it.
An effort is being made to ship wood pulp from
Alaska. It is said that the forests of spruce there
are fitted for that industry and that there is no
reason why a great business in this line should
not be built up.
G. S. McCarter, of Revelstoke, has been appointed secretary of the Pingston Creek Lumber Company. The Company will not resume operations
till spring.
The Columbia River Lumber Co., of Golden,
is applying for a provincial charter to enable it
to operate electric light and waterworks plants in
Golden and vicinity. The scheme is receiving the
endorsement of the citizens of the district.
from the reports at hand, the American Forest Congress, held at Washington, 1), C, during
the first week of this month, should be productive oi most benificent results, 'i'he Congress was
attended by several hundred people, representing
nearly every section of the continent. Many
able and interesting addresses were delivered upon the varied subjects leading up to the question
of the conservation of the forests of North
The Congress met at the National Rifles Armory, Washington, on Tuesday, January 3rd, and
was presided over by the Hon. James Wilson,
Secretary of the Department of Agriculture, and
President of the American Forestry Association,
who delivered the following masterly address:
Chairman's Address.
"I make you welcome to the federal seat of government to consider the state of our forests and
of our lands that cry aloud for want of trees and
the peculiar forest conditions that cannot exist
without their presence.
"It is not a local question. It is as wide as
American jurisdiction. It is not a class question;
it affects everybody. It is not limited by latitude
or longitude, by state lines or thermal lines, by
rivers or mountain ranges, by seas or lakes.
Steel has taken the place of wood for fencing
to a large extent. It has taken the place of wood
for ships to some extent, it is being introduced in
house building and is replacing wood extensively
in the making of machinery and for other purposes. Coal and gas are taking the place of wood
as fuel and cement is taking its place for building. The use of wood, notwithstanding these
substitutes, increases every year and our forests
steadily vanish  before  the  axeman.
The extension of railroads, the settlement of
the public domain, the building of cities, towns
and villages, the use of wood in paper making
and the opening of mines call for more wood
every year, and the forests respond to the demand. There are but a few reserves left from
which to draw supplies. The extreme east, the
extreme west and the gulf coast are now sources
of commercial supply. The industries of the
country will be carried on at greater expense as
wood shall become scarcer and its substitutes
dearer. Agriculture, commerce and mining will
be carried on at greater expense as wood shall
become scarcer and its substitutes dearer. Agriculture, commerce and mining will greatly miss
the cheap supply of wood to which they have
been accustomed.
"The nation is awakening to the necessity ot
planting trees and making the most of those that
are mature. Our institutions of learning are taking up the study of forestry. State societies are
inquiring. The experimental stations of the several states and territories are making research.
The department of agriculture is training a
bureau of forest experts in woodcraft to serve the
nation, the states, companies and individuals
along forestry lines.
"There are hopeful forestry signs:
"A disposition among lumber companies to hold
CUtOver lands, protect them from fire, encourage
a new growth and harvest the young forest requires the establishment of forestry schools in
colleges and universities where the science of forestry is being taught in the light of experience.
"The employment of foresters by large private
owners, who find that educated supervision is a
prime necessity.
"Reforesting of large areas is being carried on
by the bureau of forestry and by several states
for the purpose of giving object lessons to our
people with regard to methods of planting and
varieties of trees. The farmer is inquiring and
planting for windbreaks, fuel, and in many cases
he is planting valuable varieties for coming generations.
"Scientific study is preparing a reliable foundation for practical forestry with regard to the
principles that govern the lives of trees in different conditions of soil and climate.
"Co-operation between the department of agriculture and the states and with companies and
individuals is progressing rapidly. Our trained
foresters are getting into touch with the college
and experiment station forces of the states, with
companies that hold woodland for present and
future use, and individuals. Congress is giving liberally to forest research, enabling us to do
systematic work with wood in all its uses.
"The future requires planting in the uplands,
at the sources of all our streams, that should
never be denuded, to make the hills store water
against times of drouth and to modify the flood
ing of the lowlands. YYe have to tell the people
of the lower Mississippi every few years to raise
their levees to hold the Hoods that exceed themselves as the forest ceases to hold waters that in
previous years were directed into the hills and
held back.
"We are beginning a meeting which is national
in its significance. Never before in this country
—nor so far as 1 know in any other country
has a body of men representing such great and
varied interests come together to discuss temperately and foresightedly the policy and the
methods under which the highest permanent usefulness of the forest can be maintained. That we,
men as varied in our occupations as are the industries and interests we represent, are drawn
together by this common cause, may well mark
the beginning of a new era in our treatment of
the forest. Your presence here is itself the best
possible proof that forestry is rapidly taking its
appropriate place as an active and indispensable
factor in the national economy. The era of forest agitation alone has entirely passed. We are
talking less and doing more. The forest problem,
as President Roosevelt has described it, is recognized as the must vital internal problem in the
United States, and we are at work upon it.
"Every tree is beautiful, every grove is pleasant
and every forest is grand; the planting and care
of trees is exhilarating and a pledge of faith in
the future; but these esthetic features, though elevating, are incidental; the people need wood.
They have had it in abundance and have been
prodigal in its use, as we are too often careless
of blessings that seem to have no end. Our his
tory, poetry and romance are intimately associated with the woods. Our industries have dc
veloped more rapidly because we have had plenty
of cheap timber. Millions of acres of bare hillsides, that produce nothing profitably, should be
growing trees.
"Free discussion here will aid greatly the best
solution of this problem. Above all, this congress affords us an opportunity to formulate a
forest policy broad enough to cover all minor
points of difference, but definite and clear cut
enough to give force and direction to the great
movement behind it. In the very nature of things these minor points of difference
will continue to exist, and this is necessary for
the highest effectiveness of our forest work in the
long run. But we are facing a problem which
can he met squarely only by vigorous and united
"I  look for excellent results from the deliberations cf this congress, for more light upon vexed
questions and for the statement of new and use
fill  points   of  view.    But   above  all    1   hope    that
from  our  meeting here   will  come  a  more  com
plete awakening to the vastness of our common
interest  in  the  forest,  a  wider  understanding ot
the great problem before us and a still more active and more earnest spirit  of co-operation.
"In the value of its invested capital and its product lumbering ranks fourth among our great in
dustries. But in its relation to the forest it stands
first. To bring the lumberman and the forestei
together has been the earnest and constant endeavor of the department of agriculture. '1 en
years ago, or even five years ago, we did not fully
understand each other. To-day, in every great
forest region in the United States, lumbermen and BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
foresters are working together in active, hearty
and effective co-operation on the same ground.
"It is true that the area under conservative forest management is still small, but the leaven is
working and the inauguration of new, more conservative and better paying methods has fully
begun. What the general adoption of conservative lumbering will mean to the individual lumberman) to^the lumber industry, and to the country as a whole, is beyond estimate. And it is
coming, because it will pay.
"The vast area of the timber lands of the
United States is mainly in your hands. You have
it in your power, by putting forestry into effect
upon the lands you own and control, to make
the lumber industry permanent, and you will lose
nothing by it. If you do not the lumber industry will go the way of the buffalo and the placer
mines of the Sierra Nevada. But I anticipate no
such result, for the fact is that practical forestry
is being adopted by American lumbermen. In its
results it will surpass the forestry practiced in
any other country. The development of practical
forestry for the private owner has been more
rapid than in any other country, and I look for a
final achievement better than any that has been
reached elsewhere.
"The relation of railroads to the forest is no less
vital than is that of the lumberman. The development of systems of transportation upon a secure basis depends directly upon the preservation
and wise use of the forest. Without a permanent
supply of wood and water the business of the
railroads will decline, because those industries
upon whose production that business mainly depends cannot prosper. But the railroads are interested in a still more vital way. As great and
increasing consumers of wood for ties, construction timbers, poles and cars, they are in direct
and urgent need of permanent sources of these
supplies. The problem directly before the railroads is, therefore, the forest problem in all its
parts. Much may be done by the preservative
treatment of ties and railroad timbers, which not
only prolngs their life, but also leads to the cor-
iitable use of wood of inferior kinds and a corresponding decrease in the drain upon the forest
and the cost of its product. Hut important as
this is, it merely mitigates the danger instead of
removing it. For their own protection the railroads must see to it that the supply of ties and
timbers in the forest itself is renewed and not destroyed.
"The importance of the public forest lands to
mining is direct and intimate. Mines cannot be
developed without wood any more than arid lands
can become productive without water. The public forest lands are and must continue to be the
chief source if timbers used in our western mines.
The national forest reserves are thus vital in their
relation to mining; and where mining is the chief
industry their resources should be jealously
guarded against other and less productive use.
Forest reserves impose no hampering restrictions
upon the development of mineral wealth, either
within their borders or in their neighborhood, and
they alone can give the western mining industry
a permanent supply of wood and so assure its
safety now and its largest development in the future.
"1 am particularly glad that this congress will
include a full discussion of national and state forestry policy. The forest movement in several
states has already resulted in the adoption of definite state forest policies. In many others the
time is ripe for useful work because of the existence of a strong sentiment for the best use of the
forest. The forest problems in different states
cannot all be solved in exactly the same way.
The methods will in each case have to be worked
out on the ground where they will be used. But
we have before us here the same opportunity in
state forest matters as in other phases of the forest problem, for full discussion of methods and
results. Above all we must find the most effective means of working together towards the same
great ends."
Pacific Coast Pipe Co., Ld.
VANCOUVER,    •    B.C.
P. O Box 863
Manufacturers ot
Telephone 1404
Machine Banded
Wire Wound
Wooden Stave
Water Pipe
For City and Town Water Systems, Fire
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*1   W\,
(By President Roosevelt.)
"It is a real pleasure to greet all of you here this
afternoon, to meet all of you, but of course especially the members   of the    American    Forest
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Congress. You have made, by your coming, a
meeting which is without parallel in the history
of forestry. And, Mr. Secretary, I must take this
opportunity of saying to you what you so amply
deserve, and that is that no man in this country
has done so much as you have done in the last
eight years to make it possible to take a business
view from the standpoint of all the country of
just such questions as this.
"It is not many years since such a meeting as
this would have been regarded as chimerical; the
thought of it would have been regarded as absolutely chimerical. In the old pioneer days the
American had but one thought about a tree, and
that was to cut it down; and the mental attitude
of the nation toward the forests was largely conditioned upon the fact that the lifework of the
earlier generations of our people had been to hew
down the forests—of necessity, for they had to
make clearings on which to live; and it was not
until well nigh half a century of our national life
had passed that any considerable body of American citizens began to live under conditions where
the tree ceased to be something to be cleared off
the earth.
"It always takes time to get the mind of a people
accustomed to changes in conditions and it took
a long time to get the minds of our people, as a
whole, accustomed to the fact that they had to
alter their attitude toward the forests. And now
for the first time the great business and forest
interests of the nation have joined together,
through delegates altogether worthy of the organizations they represent, to consider their individual and common interests in the forest. This
congress may well be called a meeting of forest
users, for that the users of the forest have come
together to consider how best to combine use
with preservation, is the significant fact of the
meeting, the fact full of hopeful, powerful promise for our forestry of the future.
"I  shall not pretend, even try, to describe to
you the place of the forest in the life of any nation, and particularly its great place in the life of
the United States.   The great industries of agriculture,   transportation,  mining,   grazing   and   of
course lumbering are each one of them vitally and
immediately dependent upon wood, water or grass
from  the  forest.   The  manufacturing industries,
whether  or not  wood  enters  directly into  their
finished product, are scarcely, if at all, less dependent uoon the forest than those whose connection
with it is obvious and direct.   Wood is an indispensable part of the material structure upon which
civilization rests and it is to be remembered al-
wavs that the immense increase of the use of iron
and  substitutes    for wood  in  many    structures,
while   it  has  meant  a  relative   decrease   in  the
amount of wood used, has been accompanied bv
an absolute increase in the amount of wood used.
More wood is used than ever before in our history.   Thus,  the consumption  of wood in  shipbuilding is far larger than it was before the discovery of the art of building iron ships, because
vastly more ships are built.    Larger supplies of
building lumber are required, directly or indirectly, for use in  the construction of the brick and
steel and stone structures of great modern cities
than were consumed bv the   comparatively few
and comparatively small wooden buildings in the
earlier stages of these same cities.    Tt is as sure
as anything can be that we will sec in the future
a   steadily   increasing   demand  for  wood in our
manufacturing industries.
"There is one point I want to speak about in
addition to the uses of the forest to which T have
already alluded. Those of us who have lived on
the great plains, who are acquainted with conditions in parts of Oklahoma, Nebraska. Kansas
and the Dakotas, know that wood forms an immensely portentous element in helping the farmer
On those plains to battle against one of his worst
enemies—wind. The use of forests as windbreaks
out on the plains where the trees do not grow
unless man helps them is a use of enormous importance to the agriculturist, and. Mr. Wilson,
among the many s( -vices performed by the public
spirited statesman who once occupied the position
that ynu now hold, none did more than the late
Secr-tarv ->f Agriculture, Mr. Morton, accomplished in teaching by actual example as well as
by precept the people of the treeless regions the
immense advantage of the cultivation of trees.
When wood, dead or alive, is demanded in so
many ways and when this demand will undoubtedly increase it is a fair question for us to ask
whether the vast demands of the future upon our
forests are likely to be met. You are mighty poor
Americans if you care for the well-being of this
country is limited to hoping that that well-being
will last out your own generation. No man, here
or elsewhere, is entitled to call himself a decent
citizen if he does not try to do his part toward
seeing that our national policies are shaped for
the advantage of our children and our children's
children. Our country, we have faith to believe,
is only at the beginning of its growth. Unless the
forests of the United States can be made ready
to meet the vast demands which this growth will
inevitably bring, commercial disaster—that means
disaster to the whole country—is inevitable. The
railroads must have ties and the general opinion
is that no efficient substitute for wood for this
purpose has been devised. The miner must have
timber or he cannot operate his mine and in very
many cases the profit which mining yields is directly proportionate to the cost of timber supply.
The farmer must have timber for numberless uses
on his farm and he must be protected by forest
cover upon the headwaters of the streams he
uses against floods in the east and the lack of
water for irrigation in the west. The stockman
must have fence posts and very often he must
have summer range for his stock in the national
forest reserves. In a word, both the production
of the great staples upon which our prosperity depends and their movement in commerce throughout the United States are inseparably dependent
upon suitable supplies from the forest at a reasonable cost.
"If the present rate of forest destruction should
be allowed to continue, with nothing to offset it,
a timber famine in the future will be inevitable.
Eire, wasteful and destructive forms of lumbering and  legitimate use,  taken   together,  are destroying  our  forest  resources  far   more rapidly
than  they  are being replaced.    Tt is  difficult    to
imagine what such a timber famine would mean
to  our   resources.    And the  period   of   recovery
from the iniuries which a timber famine would
entail would be measured by the slow growth of
the trees  themselves.   Remember that   you   can
prevent such an occurrence by wise action taken
in time, but once the famine shall occur there is
no possible way of hurrying the growth  of the
trees necessarv to relieve  it.   You must   act in
time or else the nation would have to submit to
prolonged suffering after it had become too late
for forethought to avail.    Fortunately the remedy
is a simple one and your presence here to-day is
a most encouraging sign that there will be such
forethought.    Tt is the great merit of the department of agriculture  in  its  forest  work  that its
efforts have been directed to enlist the sympathy
and co-oneration of the users of wood, water and
grass and to show that forestry will pay and does
pay, rather than to exhaust itself in the futile attempt to introduce conservative methods by any
other means.    T believe most emphatically in sentiment, but T want the sentiment to be put into
co-oneration with the business interests, and that
is what is being done.   The policy is one of helpfulness throughout and never of hostility or coercion  toward any legitimate interest whatsoever.
Tn the very nature of things it can make little
progress  apart from  you.   Whatever it may be
possible  for the  government  to  accomplish, its
work must ultimately fail unless your interest and
support give it permanence and power.    Tt is only
as the producing and commercial interests of the
country come to realize that they need to have
trees growing up as long as trees are being cut
that we may hope to see the permanent prosperity of the forests assured.
"This statement is true not only as to forests
in private ownership but as to forests owned hy
the government as well. Unless the men from
the west believe in forest preservation the western forests cannot be preserved. We here at the
headquarters of the national government recognize that absolutely. We believe, we know, that
it is essential for the well-being of the people of
the states of the great plains, the states of the
Rockies, the states of the Pacific slope, that the
forests shall be preserved, and we know also that
our belief will count for nothing unless the people
of those states themselves wish to preserve the
forests. If they do we can help materially; we
can direct their efforts, but we cannot save the
forests unless they wish them to be saved.
"I ask, with all the intensity   of which   I am
capable, that the men of the west will remember
the sharp distinction I have just drawn between
the man who skins the land and the man who develops  the country.    I   am  going  to work with,
and only with, the man who develops the country.   I am against the land skinner every time.
Our policy is consistent:   To give to every portion of the public domain its   highest   possible
amount of use,, and of course that can be given
only through the hearty co-operation of the western people.   I would like to add one word as to
the creation of a national forest service which I
hav     recommended   repeatedly   in    messages   to
congress, anu especially in my last.    I wish to see
all the forest work of the government concentrated in the department of agriculture.   It is mere
folly to scatter such work, as I have said over
and over again, and the policy which this administration is trying to carry out through the creation of such a service is that of making the national forests more actively and more permanently useful to the people of the west,   and I am
heartily glad to know that the western sentiment
supports ever more and more vigorously the policy of setting aside national forests, the creation
of a national forest service and especially the policy of Increasing   the    permanent  usefulness of
these forest lands to all who come in contact with
them.   With what is rapidly getting to be a practically unbroken  sentiment in  the west   behind
such a forest policy, with what is rapidly getting
to be a practically unbroken support by the great
stable industries behind the general policy of the
conservative use of the forests, we have a right to
feel that we have entered on an era of great and
lasting progress.   Much, very much, remains to
be done; and as in every other department of human activity our debt of gratitude will be due not
tp the amiable but short-sighted    optimist who
thinks that because you have made a good beginning the end may take care of itself; still less
to the man who si's at one side and points out
how poorly the work is being done by those who
are doing it; but to the men who try, each in his
own place, practically to forward this great work.
That is the type of man who is going to do the
work, and it is because I believe that we have enlisted the active  practical sympathy of just that
kind of men in this work that I believe the future of this policy to be bright and the permanence of our timber supplies more nearly assured
than at any previous lime in our history.   To the
men represented in this congress this great result is primarily due.
In closing I wish to thank vou who are here
not merely for what you are doing in this particular movement but for the fact that you are illustrating what T hope T may call the typically American method of meeting questions of great and
vital importance to the nation—the method of
seeing whether the individuals particularly concerned cannot by getting together and co-operating with the government do infinitely more for
themselves than it would be possible for any government under the stvi to do for them. I believe
in the future of th?:- movement, because T think
you have the fight combination of qualities—the
oualitv of individual initiative, the quality of individual resourcefulness, combined with the quality that enables you to come together for mutual
help, and having so come to work with the government; and T pledge you in the fullest measure
the support of the government in what you are
Resolutions in favor of authorizing a partial
remission of taxes on school land in return for
tree planting under the direction of the bureau
of forestry and recommending the requirement
of a certain amount of tree planting on home-
fcrji Mil
r^ Write for
B.  C.
British Columbia Lumber and Shingles
We can fill your Orders promptly at
current market prices	
stead lands in treeless sections were also passed:
Resolved. That we urge upon congress and
upon all legislative bodies the necessity of at all
times giving full protection to the forests of the
country and of preserving them through wise
and beneficient laws, so that they may contribute in the most complete manner to the con-
tinued prosperity of the country.
Resolved. That we most earnestly commend
to all state authorities the enactment and enforcement of laws for the adequate protection
of the forests from fire and for reducing the
burden of taxation on lands held for forest reproduction in order that persons and corporations may be induced to put in practice the principles of forest conservation.
Resolved. That we are in entire accord with
the efforts to repeal the lumber and stone act
and we favor the passage of an act as a susbtitute
therefor, which shall confer authority upon the
proper officer of the United States to sell timber
growing on the public lands when such sale shall
be for the public welfare.
Resolved. That we favor the passage by congress of an amendment to the law regulating exchange of lands included within a forest reserve
so that such exchanges or lieu selections shall
be confined to lands of equivalent value or similar condition as  regards  forest growth.
Resolved that the law wdiich prohibits the export of forest reserve timber from the state in
wdiich it is grown should be repealed as to the
states in which the export of such timber is in
the public interest and in no others.
Resolved. That we favor the passage of a law
which will authorize the sale of all non-mineral
products of the forest reserves, the proceeds of
such sales to be applied to their management and
protection, and the construction of roads and
trails  within   the  forest  reserves.
Resolved. That we heartily approve the movement for the unification of all the forest work
of the government, including the administration
of the national forest reserves, in the department
of agriculture, and urge upon congress the necessity for immediate action to that end.
Resolved, That congress declare forfeited all
right of way permits not exercised promptly upon
issuance and secure to all industries engaged in
lawful business which will exercise promptly
their permits the possession of necessary rights
of way, in the same manner that railroads and
irrigating companies are secured in their rights
of way, and that the various right of way acts
on forest reserves and other public lands should
be so amended as to provide for reasonable payment for the use of these valuable rights.
Resolved, That this congress urges upon all
schools, and especially the rural schools, the necessity for a study of forests and tree planting
in their effect upon the general well-being of the
nation and in particular upon the wealth and
happiness of the communities through the modification of local climate.
Resolved. That this congress recommends the
increase of opportunities for general forest education in schools and colleges and for professional training in post-graduate schools and approves
the movement to extend and systematize industrial education in the interest of a more general
distribution of the population on the land.
Resolved, That the congress of the United
States be asked to appropriate adequate sums for
the promotion of forest education and forest experiment work in the agricultural colleges and
experiment stations of the United States. Provided, however, that such appropriations be made
directly to state forestry departments, bureaus
or commissions, where existing, to be used in
their respective states as may seem best for forestry  educational purposes.
Resolved, That this congress approves and reaffirms the resolutions of various scientific and
commercial bodies during the past few years in
favor of the establishment of national forest reserves in the southern Appalachian mountains
and in the White mountains of New Hampshire,
and  that we  earnestly urge the immediate pas
sage of bills for these purposes wdiich are now
pending in both houses of congress.
Resolved, That we protest against the attempt
to reduce the area of the Minnesota National
Porcst reserve and against any step which would
enhance the difficulty of the perpetuation of the
forests upon it.
Resolved, That we heartily indorse the movement for the purchase of the Calaveras grove of
big trees by the national government and earnestly recommend the prompt enactment of legislation to that end; and further, we recommend
the reconveying of the Yosemite park in order
that this may be adequately protected and placed
upon the same basis as other national parks.
Resolved, That this congress urges tree
planting and the preservation of shade trees
along  public  highways   throughout  America.
Resolved, That we approve the suggestion
that a tree be planted at Mount Vernon to commemorate the American Forest Congress and
that funds for this purpose be collected through
Forestry and Irrigation.
The Canadian Pacific Railway has become interested in the development of the oil fields of the
Flathead valley, south-east of Fernie, and at recent meeting of the Fernie Board of Trade a letter from J. S. Dennis, C. P. R. Land Commissioner, was read in which the writer stated that he would be disposed to recommend that the C. P. R.
grant a sum towards the cost of the Flathead
road, provided that his company was furnished
with a copy of the surveyor's report, and provided also that his company was consulted as to
the location of the road when representations are
made to the Government relative to its construction.
The death occurred at Vernon on the 12th
inst. of Mr. Charles Brewer, a pioneer millman,
of Kelowna, at the ripe old age of 75-
Ilie t Loot Manufacturing, (o.
Double Edger, Steam Feeds,  Log Jacks, Live  Rolls,
Trimmers, Slab Slashers, Steam Niggers.
O.    2    SAW   CARRIAGE
I  i
I zj rovincial ^i>]fom>citioi> m
It  is  said  that  a  sawmill  will   be   installed   at
Fort Steele early in the coming spring.
A  big  logging  camp  has  been   established  on
Mr. R. Mather's ranch, north of Fort Steele.
Logging   at   Sheep   creek   is   progressing.    On
January 1st the cut amounted to 1,200,000 feet.
It is said that the Empire Lumber Co.. of Revelstoke, intend putting in a mill at Comaplix this
The Porto Rico Lumber Co. closed down its
mill on Christmas week, after a most successful
season's run.
The Lucky Jim mine, between Sandon and Kaslo, received a carload of lumber for building pur-
>ses this month.
Rolled Plate, Fancy Cathedral, Colored Glass, Wired Rolled, Chipped Glass
Prismatic Glass, Etc.
P. O. Box 96.
Telephone 970.
Conditions for logging in S. E. Kootenay are
to be most favorable this winter, and the out-
will be large.
Harry Clements, of Grand Prairie, in the Okanagan district, is cutting lumber on Grfaton farm
with his portable saw mill. He has contracts for
over one million  feet.
|r. W.  B.  Armstrong, accountant of the Ar-
lead Lumber Co., spent the  Christmas holi-
1 in the East.
The bunk house at the Chilliwack Shingle Co.'s
mill at Harrison river was totally destroyed by
fire on Tuesday night, January 3rd. The building
was covered by insurance.
The rise and progress of the lumber industry
of the South East Kootenay district was one oi
the leading features of 1904, and for 1905 the in
dustry promises to make a much better showing
than that made during the past year. Thirty
sawmills were in active operation for the greati
part of last  year.
»e Morrissey Lumber and Shingle Company
forking steadily with a force of 30 men, after
lort shut down.
Winnipeg parties, represented by Mr. F. J. An-
ferson, of that city, are preparing to erect a mill
It Mayook, near Cranbrook.
' Braydon & Johnston, of the Salmon Arm Lumber Company, started to cut lumber at their new
mill on Salmon River last week.
S. F. McKay is installing a saw mill upon limits owned by the Active Sold Mining Co., on Porcupine creek, near Ymir. Several thousand feet
of logs are already on hand awaiting the installation of the plant.      	
J. G. Billings, secretary-treasurer oi the Yale
Columbia Lumber Co., was married at Peterboro,
Ont., on Dec. 29th, to Miss Florence Mary Mac-
donald, daughter of John Macdonald, of Peterboro.    Congratulations.
Lumbermen   in   the   Kootenay   valleys  are   ex
ceedingly pleased with the conditions wdiich have
characterized the work in the woods so far, and
the  indications  are  that  the  number  of logs  cut
this winter will far exceed that of previous years.
Fernie and Sandon at the meetings this month
of their Boards of Trade strongly endorsed the
resolutions of the coast boards re duty On Amer
ican rough lumber. The former city proposes
to send a delegate to Ottawa to strengthen the
hands of the lumbermen.
Canadian Pacific Lumber Co., Ltd.
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in All Kinds of
The Largest Shed and Dry Kiln Capacity of any Mill In British Columbia.
special Attention Given to orders Address the Company at Port Moody, or
from Manitoba and the Territories BYRNES ft CUDDY, Selling Agents, WINNIPEG
W. J. SHEPPARD, Waubaushene, Ont., President
j. a SCOTT, Vancouver, B. 0., General Manager
Pacific Coast Lumber Company,
Fir, Cedar and Spruce Lumber, Lath, Houldings, Turned Work, Etc.
CAPACITY—Saw Mill, 150,000 feet per 10 hours;   Lath M.ll, 25,000 per 10 hours; Shingle Mill, 300,000 per 10 hours ; with
ample Planing Mill and Dry Kiln Capacity to Handle our output.'
Save 30 to 60 per cent, of oil over
ordinary lubricators. Do not freeze
or clog. Require no adjustment
after once set. Are positive in action and require practically no attention.     Are not troublesome to fill.
Bayfield 8 Archibald,
Molsons Bank Building Vancouver, B. C.
IMPERIAL, their highest grade, guaranteed
No equal for heavy machinery.
Lumber Dry Kilns....
Operating by the NATURAL DRAFT
Planing Mill Exhausters
For the removal of Refuse  from
Wood Working Machinery	
Steel Dry-Kiln Trucks
For piling Lumber of any Dimensions
for Drying purposes	
Our Planing Mill Fans are carried In Stock
by The Fairbanks Co., of Vancouver, B. C.
Sheldon & Sheldon
I ;
!;     '
U \ •
Spreads easily, dries
rapidly and leaves a coating which, in addition to
its resisting quality, acts
as a preservative. It will
not scale, crack nor run,
and is not affected by
the elements, acid fumes
nor gases.   Booklet free.
2-', Second Street.  SAN FRANCISCO
LotAngtlei      Portland      Seattle      Dea»«
• tent for Western Dritish Columbia
and Vancouver Island
Powell St.
Vancouver, B. C.
The Gurney Standard Metal Co.,
I The organization of the B. C. Loggers' Association
Jl.was perfected at a meeting held this month in Van-
f  couver.    Officers were elected and a strong executive
committee appointed.
Mr. C. H. Vogel, C. E., of Ottawa, is visiting this
Province for the purpose of investigating the pulp possibilities ol British Columbia.
The Vancouver Board of Trade appointed Mr. R. P.
McLennan and Mr. H. A. Stone delegates to represent
commercial interests in connection with the appeal to
Ottawa for a revision of the tariff on lumber.
The Mundy Lumber Company is making great
headway with the arrangements for its new mill
at Three Valley Lake. Camps have been built to
accommodate 80 men, a dam is being built in
Three Valley Creek for slashing out logs, and a
store and freight room, 24x87 feet, has been built
alongside the railway track.
William Powers, of Lequimc & Powers, mill-
owners, Grand Forks, is building a residence on
the Donald ranch, about 2'/ miles below Rock
creek, on Kettle River, which he purchased last
year from Frank Donald. It is reported he will
erect a saw mill on the place next spring, and
will build a flume from Ruck creek, on which he
has a water-right, to irrigate his ranch.
J. L. Steves, for the Yale-Columbia Lumber
Co., is cutting about two million feet of logs on
Chas. Pittendrigh's and adjoining ranches above
Rock creek. He will drive the logs to the company's mill at Cascade in the spring, a distance
of 50 miles. About one and one-half million feet
are being cut for the same company about four
miles below Midway on the American side of the
It is reported that the Columbia River Lumber
Co. has purchased all the land owned by the C.
P. R. between Toby and Dutch creek, a distance
in length about 12 miles. The object of the company in buying the land, it is stated, is to first take
off all the timber suitable for lumber and then
sell the land to ranchers, as by so doing the timber can be got at a much lower figure. The land
is being surveyed for the company.
A pamphlet entitled. "Tangible Results/' has
been issued by the Waterous Company, of Brant-
ford, Ont., in which is set forth the advantage of
band vs. circular saws for the cutting of small
logs. In introducing the subject, the company
furnishes its readers with the benefit of its experience in the saving which can be effected by
the use of the band saw. In mills cutting small
logs, the figures given in the following extract,
may come with somewhat of a revelation, but
the experience of mill men in the East has proved
the  correctness  and  reliability   of  these   figures:
Lor the past years we have shown the above
cuts, and from comments gathered find that mill
men have received the impression that in sawing small logs with a Band Saw there would be
little saving, if any, in lumber, though there
might be some saving in the slabs.
As most of the large logs are gone, and the
value of the remaining timber is rapidly increasing, the saving in the cutting or manufacture of
lumber is of such importance as to greatly interest  every   one  concerned   in   its   production.
The refuse end has been pretty thoroughly
searched and its waste taken care of, leaving
practically only the unsawn mtaerial to be dealt
Having spent some time in laying out and experimenting how to cut small logs by a Band Mill
to the best advantage, we find that the smaller the
logs the larger is the percentage of saving in good
lumber, and believe that the following facts will
prove   it   so  conclusively,   that   there   can   be   no
1 1 1 1 : ; 1 .
► M'H 1-//-J k-//>| y.,t
■* r*-ti
Fig.   [.—8  inch   Log  Cut   with   Circular  Saw   7-
Gauge,   Kerf  \\   inch.
doubt in reference to it. Let us consider that we
have a circular saw mill and 8 inch logs to cut,
using a saw to do the work having a kerf of lA
inch. Pig 1 illustrates the method of sawing, and
we find that we get two slabs marked Nos. 1 and
7, two 4 inch boards Nos. 2 and 6 three 7 inch
boards Nos. 3, 4 and 6, or producing lumber 29
inches by  1   1-6 inch thick.
By using a Band Mill with a 10 gauge saw, taking out a 7-64 kerf, we cut our log as shown  in
two 4 inch boards Nos. 2 and 7, two 6 inch boani
Nos. 3 and 6, ami two 7 inch boards Nos. 4 and -
or producing lumber ?4 inches wide by 1 1-16 inc
thick, a gain of 5 inches per foot in length of lot;
Fig 2, which results in two slabs, Nos 1  and 8,
• "   /• I1      i1   • !!      Ii
fig. 2.    8 inch Log Cut with Band Saw 16-Gauge,
Kerf 7-O4 inch.
If these mills each cut a thousand logs 8 inches
in diameter and 12 feet long, the output of lumber for the circular would be 29,000 feet, and for
the band ,^4.000 feet, or a gain of 5000 feet for the
band, which is equal to 17' \ per cent.
i\ K// 4 //J^p-v^J\l/-
Fig. 3..   6 inch   Log Cut  with   Circular   Saw,
Gauge, Kerf y\ inch.
If we take a 6 inch log and cut it with the satr '
circular saw having a % inch kerf, we would ol
tain, as Fig. 3 shows, two slabs Nos. t and 5. ''■
4 inch board No. 4, and two 5 inch boards Nos.
and  3,  or  producing lumber   14  inches  wide  1 y
I  t-l6 inches thick.
Cutting this 6 inch log with the Band Mill ha
ing a in gauge saw with a kerf 7/14, according
Fig,   No. 4,  will  give    us    two    slabs    Nos.
and 6,    two    4    inch    boards    Nos.    2    and    -
and two 5 inch boards Nos. 3 and 4, or product! ! BRITISH COLUMBIA LUMBERMAN
lumber  18 inches wide by  I   I-l6 inches thick, a
^ain of 4 inches per foot in length of log.
1            1
U i£-~
I -/A
L. Ji
>    JL
r    *
Cut with Band Saw 16-Gauge, Kerf 7-64 inch.
If these mills cut a thousand logs 6 inches
in diameter and 12 feet long, the output of lumber for the circular would be 14,000 feet and the
band 18,000 feet, or a gain of 4000 feet in favor of
the Band Mill, which is equal to 28^ per cent.
If these mills cut on small logs say 30,000 feet
of lumber per day. and we presume that they have
an equal number of 8 inch and 6 inch logs, the
gain would be 21 per cent, or 6300 feet to the
credit of the Band Mill.
Taking the value of this lumber at the mill at
$12.00 per M, this would amount to $75-6o, a fair
day's profit.
The sawing season in this country (where the
winter shuts us up for about half the year) is
called 160 days, and a saving of $75.60 per day
amounts to $12,09600 for the season. We know
of lumbermen who arc permitting their old circular saws to waste that amount of value every
We have compared the Band Mill with a circular saw, taking '4 inch kerf and are informed
by one of the largest and most progressive lumbermen that the most of the circulars in use take
that  amount  or more and very few less.
The cutting capacity of a mill depends largely
upon the men who handle it;, a circular saw will
undoubtedly cut faster than a single cutting Band
Mill On small logs, but the difference—if any -in
the output between double cutting Band and circular will be very small and the Band Mill will
do far nicer work.
JTAruii From Actual Impressions
j I i IFromSawsi
j j i |n Adjoining Three Cuts
I Curls I
!of k \
4l Gauge
Of a 60— Circular]
6 Gaugej
Increasing cost and growing scarcity of timber
ind the waste in sawdust of the circular is re-
-i.onsible for the existence of the Band Saw.
S.  J.   McDonald, of the lledley  Lumber Company, in  the  Siniilkameen  valley,  states  that his
ompany has had plenty of work during the past
ear supplying lumber for various mining opera-
ions and for the residences and other buildings
that have recently been put up.    His business is
nainly a local one, but building operations have
been going ahead  at such a rate  as to create a
'•ry good demand.    Mr. McDonald is enthusiastic in detailing the advantages in the direction of
pening up  and   developing  the   district,   which
vould  result   from  the  constntcton   of   the  proved railway.    He expresses his conviction that
ilway communication  with  the  coast  is  bound
come in the near future.
h UancouVer CL Uich\itty g
tiixxx: xxi:.ixx.;xxxixxxxxxiixiixxiixixxxxxxxxixxiixxxiixiixxxiixiixxi1
Most  of
tions after
the  local  mills  have  resumed
a shut down of some weeks.
The  German barque completed loading at the
Hastings mill  last week and sailed  for  Callao.
Messrs. Small & Bucklin, late of New York
State, will shortly erect a mill in or near New
Mr. Joseph Chew, the shingle manufacturer of
False Creek, left last week for the East on a
business trip.
Mr. and Mrs. A. Cotton mourn the loss of their
six months' old daughter Gertrude, who died on
the 10th inst.
Mr. p. C. Hinton, of the.Hinton Electric Co.,
returned on the 3rd inst. from a business thip to
Eastern Canada.
Mr. A. B. Irwin, manager of the Pacific Coast
Pipe Co., spent some days on the Sound this
month on a pleasure trip.
Mr. H. G. Galbraith, Winnipeg representative
of the B. C. Mills, Timber & Trading Co., spent
the holidays in Vancouver.
C. S. Battle, formerly of the Vancouver Lumber Co., returned on the 30th Dec. from a three
months' trip through the Southern States.
A logger named Milton Adams was brought
down from an up-coast logging camp and committed to the asylum at New Westminster.
Extensive wharf improvements and additions
are contemplated by the C. P. R. at Vancouver,
which  will  involve  an  expenditure of $120,000.
Mr. A. K. Evans, manager for Messrs. C. F.
Jackson & Co., of Vancouver, left this month
for a trip of investigation on behalf of the linn to
Mr. II. L. Jenkins, of Minneapolis, is a visitor
to Vancouver at present. He was accompanied
by Mr. James Buck, a prominent mill man, of
Blaine, Wash.
The Cascade Mills Co., Ltd., which acquired
the property of the Cascade Lumber Co., of this
city, has begun operations with satisfactory prospects ahead.
The Victoria Lumber & Manufacturing Co.'s
mill at Chemainus closed down for annual repairs
on Dec. 24th and resumed operations about the
middle of this month.
Building permits issued for Vancouver for 1904
amounted to nearly $2,000,000, and the prospects
for [005 arc that even that large figure will be
considerably  increased.
Mr 11 A- Wilson, of Stillwater, Minn., was a
visitor to the city this month. It is said that h»
and other Minnesota lumbermen may become
heavily interested in the industry in this vicinity.
Ford & Co., brokers, of Vancouver, are offering for sale a most desirable mill site on Burrard Inlet, and anyone looking for such property
would do well to read their advertisement on page
23 of this issue.
Mr F II Heaps and Mr. T. F. Paterson left
Inst week for Ottawa as delegates from the lumbering interests of Vancouver in connection with
the appeal to the Federal Government for a duty
on American lumber.
The shingle mills in and around the Lower Fraser delta have been running full time all winter,
most of them having contracted for their cut,
but unless the price improves there will be little
done after April 1st.
Mr. A. Cotton, shingle manufacturer, of False
Creek, is erecting a dry kiln, 30x80 feet, and is
installing in his factory some new and improved
machines manufactured by teh Schaake Machine
Works, of New Westminster.
The Hastings mill reports the following charters: Br. Bk. County of Dumfries, Br. Bk. Nelson, and Norwegian ship Nordstjernen, all for
the United Kingdom, and the American schooner Wilbert L. Smith, for Japan.
The Gutta Percha and Rubber Co., of Toronto,
with a branch office and wareroom in this city,
has placed a large stock of goods in its local
branch for the convenience of its customers. The
local office is under the charge of Mr. A. G. Mc-
The Fairbanks Co. have received the appointment of British Columbia agents for the Allis-
Chalmers-Bullock, Lt'd, of Montreal, and will
carry at their warehouses in this city an assortment of machines and supplies manufactured by
that celebrated firm.
At the annual meeting of the British Columbia
Lumber and Shingle Manufacturers' Association
held this month, Mr. John Hendry was elected
President, and Messrs. H. De Pencier and E. J.
Palmer, Vice-Presidents. Mr. R. H. H. Alexander was re-elected Secretary-Treasurer.
Messrs. Clark and Tucker, of Texas, the principal owners of the Vancouver Lumber Co., returned to Vancouver last week. These gentlemen are here to arrange for the improvement and
extension of the plant of that company. Mr. J.
D. Moody, the manager, met them in Seattle.
The Alberta Lumber Co., of Vancouver, are
increasing their plant at False Creek, and have
installed some new machinery purchased by Mr.
McRae during his visit to Eastern cities, which
will enable them to considerably increase their
capacity.   They are also erecting a large dry kiln.
Trial shipments of lumber consigned to firms
in Mexico have been shipped from Victoria this
month. When the regular steamer service between
Mexico and Canada has been established, it is
confidently anticipated that a decided stimulus
will be given the lumber business on Vancouver
The officers of the new Fraser River Saw Mills
Co. for the current year are: President and Manager, Mr. L. W. Daird; Vice-Presidents, E. J.
Dodge and A. Fowle, of San Francisco; Secretary, Ernest Walker, of New Westminster. It is
this company that has acquired the old Ross,
McLaren mills at Sapperton.
One of the handsomest offices in the city has
been erected by the Royal City Mills branch of
the B. C. M. T. & T. Company, at its yards on
Carrall Street. The building is erected upon the
plan and principles of the "ready-made" houses
constructed by the company. The new office has
attracted very considerable attention.
It is reported that the mill and limits owned
by Mr. J. Bird, of Alberni, has been sold, and
that the mill will be greatly increased in capacity.
The purchasers, we understand, are the Barclay
Sound Cedar Co., Lt'd, for whom Mr. R. H.
Wood, late of the North Pacific Lumber Co., of
Barnet, B. C, is the Managing Director.
Mr. George W. Campbell, late manager of the
Vancouver branch of the Rat Portage Lumber
Co., Lt'd, is erecting a small mill up the coast.
.     --'A'
■ -V 22
The new mill will have a capacity of about 10,-
ooo per day, and the product will be principally
cedar. We are informed that the entire output
for the season has already been contracted for,
The lumbermen of the coast who were honorary members of the Western Retail Lumber Dealers' Association, have withdrawn from that Association. It is not expected that the withdrawal
will result in any radical changes in the lumber
supply of the Northwest, nor in the general conduct of business. It will simply give our mills
a freer hand and they can sell to whom they
please. ,	
We understand that Mr. E. G. Bergensen, of
Vancouver, is introducing a patent apparatus
whereby he eliminates the detrimental effects of
the humid atmosphere in the operation of gasoline engines. To those lumber camps whose outfit comprise a gasoline launch, this apparatus
will prove an absolute necessity, as by its use
it enables the engine to develop its full horse-
jowcr during  any  weather.
We arc in receipt of a pamphlet recently issued
Messrs.   Letson  &   Burpee.  Lt'd, of this city.
fscriptive   of   their   "Simplex     Upright   Shingle
:hine,"   in   which   full   detailed   information   is
/en    of    the    machine  and   the   improvements
iich have been from time to time made.    From
dersua!  of the  testimonials    furnished  in  this
ie we believe that a thorough  investiga-
^•"vHOrl into the merits of this machine would pay
:.,' ^^Midiirr purchasers of  shingle  machines.
., «^> i>Thc  Canadian  Pipe    Company    are    enlarging
; v I^Kr   plant   by   one   building   30x43   and   another
^".;.:JwOO, ah o adding more machinery sufficient to
•Vcfcable  them  to double  their capacity.    The  past
'."VySSr ha;, been a most successful one for the com-
'"'?'"'f»^y.    They have used one and one-quarter mil-
Sin fee:  of lumber  and  one-half million  pounds
wire in the making of 225,000 feet of pipe.  The
flgbmpany   are   at   present   finishing   an   order   of
^40,000   feet   for   distributing   purposes   at   North
.'■...,.. Vancouver.
Our illustration represents a Schaake Upright
Shingle Machine, which was designed expressly for the use of successfully handling Pacific
coast timber. It is built with a wood frame and
iron carriage, long bearing and heavy steel shafting, making a strong, durable and reliable machine. The construction of the carriage and spur
wheels in relation to the saw enables this machine to get out from one to three more shingles
out of each block than can be obtained on any
other upright machine.
In this machine a new motion has been adopted
for   the   movement   of   the   carriage   (discardim
eccentric gears), which gives the carriage a slo\
steady  motion  forward  to the  saw, as the bloc!
is being cut, letting the saw work to its best ad
vantage.    On  the reverse movement  the carriaf
is     driven     back   at   a   fast   speed   for   two-thii
lengths of the stroke, and on the last  end of t!
stroke the  motion is checked and  eased, therel,
avoiding any jerk or jar to the carriage.
The set of the block takes place on the lit-
part of the motion of the carriage when trave
ling toward the saw, which makes the motioi
slow and steady, thus insuring a uniform thick
ness of shingle. The arbor is supported by thre
heavy bearings, the driving belt being betweei
two, which gives good support to weight and
strain of driving belt, thereby avoiding any pos
Embody the latest improvements suggested by practical loggers. They are
strongest and most durable, requiring least attention and fewest repairs.
Patent steam friction, Turner's patents, and our new lock lever friction devices. Over 750 Engines now in use in Washington, Oregon, California, British Columbia, Alaska, Nicaragua and the
Philippines.      Write us  your  requirements and  we will send complete specifications and prices.
Washington Iron Works Go
Engines and Boilers
H. CAMERON, Manager
We can offer you a better selection than any
other dealer in America.
J. L. NEILSON & CO. Winnipeg
flooring, Ceiling, Siding, Ship Lap,
Common Boards, Dimensions and Lath
sible chance for arbor to spring or the heating
of bearings.
Friction, the action of which is very quick and
positive. By reason of the large surface of grip
it produces an instantaneous action, thus utilizing every instant of time, thereby enabling the
sawyer to increase the production of shingles. It
has  no  equal  on  upright  machines.
To avoid loss of time in setting block or to
change position of block in carriage, a stop motion has been provided, that when the foot is applied to lever to raise head block, it automatically stops the motion of the carriage and at the
same time applies the brake, which acts instantaneously upon the brake wheel, stopping the carriage instantly, thus avoiding the loss of time
usually consumed by the momentum of the carriage. This saves the sawyer an extra movement
in stopping the machine. This has been found
to be very essential and an exceptionally desirable feature to the sawyer.
The Swiney jointer table is also an improved
design which gives a smooth edge and has an
adjustment to insure proper alignment. The
jointer saw arbor is i 15-16 inch diameter, and
made of steel, runs in long heavy bearings. The
irbor is made of steel, 2 7-16 inch diameter, perfectly true and balanced, and the collars are made
in an improved design and shape, which allows
1 wide shingle being cut, and clear itself for the
next  without splitting or blocking.
I'he table for receiving the shingles is also
made on an improved design, which enables the
sawyer to allow quite a number of cut shingles
10 gather without interfering with one another, or
without stopping the carriage, while jointing
The capacity is 25.000 to 40.000 shingles per
ten hours, and the machine is adjustable for i()-
inch and [8-inch shingles. The carriage is made
to receive larger blocks than any other upright
machine made, and the size of pulley is 12 inches
in diameter by 10 inch face.
I'he annual dinner given by the Paraflinc Paint
ompany to its traveling men was held on Fri-
iy evening, December 30th, in the banquet room
the  Merchants'  Club  in   San     Francisco,  Cal.
is is the fourth annual dinner given by this
mpany, these dinners being given for the pur-
ise <>!' bringing together the factory superinten-
nts and the men who are responsible for the
lling of the  goods.
1 he  company   has   resident   agents  established
\ aric ms cities on the coast, the territory adja-
:>i to these cities being covered from central
lices. Thirty representatives from different
Ms  of  the   west  were   seated  at   the   table.    A
asant evening was spent about a bounteous
■ii'd, and the close of a most satisfactory year's
•ik   was   celebrated.    The   utmost   goodfellow-
ship prevailed, and the gathering will no doubt
prove a source of great benefit to the men and the
The Paraffine Paint Company is now in its twenty-first year. It has shown a remarkable growth,
and its goods—P. & B. Ready Roofing, P. & B.
Building Papers, P. & B. and Pabco Paints and
Malthoid Roofings, are very thoroughly known
all over the West and in foreign countries adjacent to the Pacific Ocean. Its success, while
largely due to the excellent quality of the goods
manufactured, is also due to the intelligent and
energetic way in which these goods have been
brought to the attention of users.
The works of the Company are located in the
town of Emeryville, Alameda County, Cal. (the
railroad station being known as Paraffin), while
the main offices are at 24 Second Street, San
Francisco, Cal.
712 ft. Frontage on C. P. R. track.
200 ft. good piling ground to deep water.
FORD    &,    CO.,
656 Granville Street VANCOUVER, B. C.
50,000 feet capacity; together with limits containing
over 200,000,000 feet of timber. Best proposition
in the interior of B. C. Also 350,000 feet sawn
lumber.    Address,
"H. C," B. C. Lumberman
Timber and General Agent
433 Granville Street
Room 10. Fairfield Block
Kalevan Kansa Colonisation Go,
Red Cedar, Fir, Spruce and Hemlock
Advertisments will be inserted in this department
at the rate of 10 cents per line for each insertion, payable in advance.
WANTED— First-Class Cedar Logs. Apply at
Mill No. 2, Hastings Shingle Manufacturing Company,
Vancouver, B. C.
WANTED.—A logging engine. W. T. Farrell,
Room   10,  433  Granville   St.,  Vancouver.
WANTED.—Shingle bolts. Contracts made
for quantities. The Canada Shingle Company, Ltd., Hastings, B. C. P. O. Box 312,
Vancouver, B .C.
LOGS WANTED.—Wanted to buy cedar, f!r
and spruce logs taken off Crown granted lands
Apply to J. S. Bmer&ou, VancouTer.
FOR SALE—Selected tracts British Columbia
Cedar, Fir and Spruce. Timber superior to
anything now on the market, within each reach
of Vancouver. Mathews & Bremner, 417 Hastings Street, Vancouver.
We handle on commission all sorts of British
Columbia Lumber and Shingles, manufactured and
rough.    Please quote prices f.o.b. Toronto.
77 Adelaide tt Ea«t
H. VOGEL      |
A. M. Can.
*~ * *               ENGINEER 1
OTTAWA, OAN.                          1
Plans, Specifications and Supervision               I
WATER   POWER                        1
Timber  Cruiser and Valuator.
Twenty years' experience in the woods.
P. O. Box 602
branch off.ce at Warehouse, 139 Water St VANCOUVER, B. C
604 Cordova Street West VANCOUVER,  B. C. Special attention given to distribution
P.O. BOX 753 of Carload Freight
.3 i
i i
m 1
rM 24
Fine Cedar Lumber
and Shingles ....
•     TELKPHONE B334                                                                 P. 0. BOX 322
Orders Solicited and Correspondence Promptly Attended to
POWELL STREET                        ...VANCOUVER, B. C.
 FOR -
ClK Jlngcll-Pumfrey Engraving £o'y.
Designers       Engravers
CO., LT'D.
the new concerns in       itish  Columbia
uring business is the British Co-
tte  Gli   s  &   I m]     tin;    Company, who
m  b<       broughi   ,'ery  much  into prominence
|:v   •' eai   owing to a long-felt  want,
f      >art   i i   \   "    rs,  architects  and   : rivate
[es. for art  glass, bevelled  plate glass,  sand
lg, et< hing, (   ipj ing, etc., which is now done
in Vancouver, thus saving the long delays and
extra expense in getting these goods front Eastern Canada, to say nothing of being actually able
to see your particular "light" in course of construction, if you are fortunate enough to be within calling distance of the factory. The class of
work turned out is A I in every particular, and
can be testified to by any of the architects of
Vancouver and vicinity. They make a specialty
of art glass in lead and copper or electro-glazed
work for churches, public buildings and private
By their advertisement appearing on the back
cover of this issue it will be noted that this firm
carries a large stock of sheet, wired, and fancy
glass; also a specially selected line of Ramsay's
In our previous articles on Australian hardwoods we have dealt with the value of these
timbers for piles, railroad ties and paving blocks,
giving statistics and reports from various well
known authorities relative to this.    In this article
we purpose showing the value of these timbers
for bridge and wharf construction and the general uses to which they can be put by engineers
and contractors.
In New South Wales, where the best and
most varied kinds of these timbers are found,
nearly all bridges, trestlework and various constructions common to railroads and other public
works have been for many years constructed with
these timbers, and the results have not only been
satisfactory but astonishing, the durability and
enormous strength being without parallel, Mr.
Henry Deane, Engineer-in-Chief of Railway Construction in Now South Wales, who recently visited this country, informed Mr. James Hunter,
Superintendent of the Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway. B. C, that a bridge erected in New South
Wale.-, f Tty years ago of this timber is now in as
good a state of preservation as when erected; no
repairs had been necessary, and it was impossible
to tell how long it would last, as there was not
the slightest sign of age or decay. This is by
no means an exceptional case, and we merely
mention it as the testimony of an impartial and
thoroughly competent gentleman.
For wharf building above high water and out
of reach of the teredo this timber is without a
peer, combining great strength and wearing qualities. Wharves planked with this timber have been
in use in Sydney for thirty years without requiring repairs, but the majority of of these timber-
will not resist the attack of the teredo to any
great extent. We have in a previous article fully
explained this and have given statistics relative
to the timber that is proof against the attack of
this pest. Wharves constructed of these timbers
—using the Syncarpia for the necessary piling,
and below high-water mark, and the other varieties of the timber above high-water mark, would
make a wharf that would last a generation without repairs, the timbers principally used in the
construction above water being tallowwood,
blackbutt, blue gum, grey gum and grey or white
For engineering purposes, such as bridges,
trestles, etc., these timbers should be invaluable
on account of their great strength and durability,
we not having any timber approaching it in
strength, as will be seen by the following tabulated report of Professor Warren, of the Sydney
University, on some of these timbers:
Name of
A o
• a
Average Btrength in
pounds pel square inch.
Blue Gum ■ 73.64
Grey Gum i 07.32
Grey or W'liite Box  7:1.62
Turpentine I 69.31
►  .
; Ei
0 w
a Sf
it 'J.
a a
■i. a
u o
<t ~
a ^
a. e
a h
=; a
© v
7? 3
Any one comparing the above with tests made
on the best of our timbers will find the result astonishing, nothing we have approaching these in
density  and  strength.     In  regard  to  durability r
is equally  surprising,  the vicissitudes of climate
or  weather  seeming  to  have  no effect  on  it, bu
age  and  exposure  apparently  making  it  hardet
and less liable to decay or deterioration.
Some of these timbers are also peculiarly well
adapted  for use as hardwood flooring, more es
pecially the tallowwood and blackbutt.    The firsi
mentioned   is   very   largely   used   in   Australia   foi
flooring, making a floor very handsome in appeal
anee,  and  on  account    of  its   extreme    hardnes-
keeping thus for an indefinite period, it is especially adapted for large halls or ballrooms, as on ae
count of its greasy nature this timber when planed
smooth does not  require any varnishing or wax
ing, any friction such as the movement of feet in
dancing bringing the greasy nature te> the surface,  making  a  perfect   floor   for  dancing.    This
peculiar   feature does   not   seem   to  deteriorate  or
diminish  with  time  or usage, but is retained for
an indefinite period, halls in Sydney, N.S.W., hav
ing floors laid with this lumber many years ago
being jusl as beautiful and efficient in this respect
as when tirst laid.
We are somewhat at a loss to understand why
some of our engineers, railroad companies or merchants have not made investigations relative to
these timbers or why those interested in these
timbers m Australia have not made some effort
to introduce them into this country; it seems to
us that it only requires the bringing together of
the interested parties of the respective countries
to create a large and ever-growing business in
this line and to the material advantage of both.
Australia possesses immense forests of these timbers practically undeveloped, awaiting a market.
We require such timber for our public and private
use. The day has passed when we could afford
to erect our wharves, bridges, etc., of a temporary character, to be re-erected in a few years. We
now require our structures to be of a permanent
character and that will not endanger the lives ol
our travelling citizens, and it seems to us that a
little investigation will show conclusively that the
use of the Australian ironwoods is going to help
us toward this much-to-be-desired end.—Wood
and Iron.
Mr.  George  McCormick, managing director of
the Kamloops Lumber Co., and Mr. W. R- Beatty,
manager of  the  Arrowhead   Lumber  Co., of Arrowhead,  are  at  present  in  Ottawa,  as delegate-
from interior lumbermen in connection with the
tariff on lumber.    Mr. McCormick expresses con
fidence that some measure of relief will be grant
ed to the lumber interests of the Dominion dur
ing the present session of the  House.    Mr. M<
Cormick has had considerable parliamentary ex
perience, having been member for Parry Sound
Messrs.  !•'..  F. Ferris and J. Rennie, who hav<
recently become heavily interested in timber Itm
its on  the  North  Thompson, are reported to J
securing an  option  from   P.  Burns on  a portion
of the   Mission  grounds  west  of Kamloops, as   I
site for the pulp and sawmills they intend crc<.:
ing next  year. —.
"■   '■'
-"' *»
I  We carry the largest stock of Wood Pulleys West of Toronto	
Every Pulley is sold under an absolute guarantee as to quality.
Our Steel Roller Bearing Dry Kiln Trucks Have No Equal i
We have recently added
to our works special
Machines and Tools for
making these Trucks,
which insures perfect
alignment of wheels end
axles. Axles and Rollers
are made of refined steel.
Made in all sizes of
channels end lengths..
<¥ .
British Columbia
We Garry a Large Stock of All Widths and Plys.
It Is our own manufacture and we can unreservedly advocate its superior
advantages over other Rubber Belting at the same price. More than this,
because we sell many other lines besides Belting, our expenses in handling
the business are reduced to a minimum and consequently the economy
thus effected we are able to give our customers in reduced price. We
solicit a trial order and we are sure of the result*
lice and Store, 153 Hastings St.   VANCOUVER, B. C.   Machinery Werehouse, Powell St.
>♦♦♦♦♦♦++ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»»♦♦)♦»♦♦»
FOR keeping down the thickness of shingle saws and
thereby saving timber, we are now putting  on  the
market the above grinding machine.   Several of these
machines  have been  running in different mills for some
It will at once be seen that we have made a radical
change from anything at present on the market for this
purpose. The saws are ground much more quickly with
the grindstone than with the emery wheel. It is also
found that the grindstone does not roll the saws out of
shape as the emery wheels do.
The cut herewith printed shows the machine so clearly
that very little, if any, explanation is necessary. As will
be seen, the shaft on which the saw is fastened is driven
direct with the belt, the grindstone being driven with a
bevel gear and pinion. The grindstone shaft is not at
right angles to the saw shaft, but at an angle corresponding to the taper mi the saw, and the stone is made to move
back and forth by a cam. The angle can be made greater
or less by turning the eccentric sleeve in which one end of
the shaft runs. The position of the feeding cam can be
adjusted in or out by slacking -up the bolts holding it
and pushing it in the direction wanted. The machine
is simplicity itself and, as will be seen, is very strongly


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