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The British Columbia Labor News Oct 21, 1921

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Array Ivery Friday
*   ^
rrorl bevt^edlo lhe intereste o. the International Labor Movijirient '"
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81 $1.90 Per YBarl
9c Par Copy J
Volume I.
MjfcmaiMn���'a (wai.iia^.jsi���<
Vancouver, B. C, Friday, October 21, 1921
Number 13
_-v-i    ' I
Hysteria and Epithet Declared the
Chief Arguments Against
Public Ownership.
Cities Making Big Returns on Low
Bate Water, Light and  '
Oas Plants.
Few people know and still fewer
realise the extent and success of
municipal ownership in the United
states, said Mr. Carl D. Thompson,
seeretary of the Public Ownership
League, last week in announcing the
Public Ownership Conference to be
held in Chicago November 19, 20 and
21. Scarcely a day passes, ssys Mr.
Thompson, that the people of some
city do not send in to as samples of
pamphlets, leaflets or editorials of
local papers denouncing municipal
ownership, declaring that it has "always failed," "that the/experiment
has been invariably disastrous," that
"colossal inefficiency and intolerable
expense always attend municipal
operations," and that, in short, the
proposal is "sheer lunacy."
Of course all that sort of thing is
not argument. It is mere epithet
and hysteria. Moreover, it is absurdly untrue. If what these presumptions gentlemen say were true, then
toe fifty million people that live in
American cities must all be colossal
Water aad Light Plant.
Over three thousand cities own and
operate municipal water plants.
Moreover, both the number and the
percenetoge of cities that own and
operate their plants haa grown steadily from 6.3 per cent in 1800 to 69.2
in 1917, until today there isn't a
single one of the twenty-two largest
cities in America that does not own
and operate Ha plants.
���Alto, there are 2,818 cities in the
United States that own and operate
municipal light and power plants.
And' the percentage of cities that
own their plants as compared to those
that have private ownership
steadily grown from 13.5 per cent in
1890 to 22.02 per cent in 1900, and
to 35.43 per cent in 1917. Over a
thousand cities and villages have
token over or established municipal
electric plants during the last five
years. We are not talking about any
"old, discredited plan of 20 years
ago," as our contemporaries do, bat
of this decade, how and today.
Are Wa All Colossal Idiot.?
And they talk about municipal
ownership being "sheer lunacy." Well,
if that he lunacy then it would seem
that every important city in America
is headed straight for the lunatic
asylum. We think better of America
and the American people.
And what about the alleged "in
tffiiency," "intolerable expense" and
financial "disaster" which these
gentlemen say invariably overtakes a
city that undertakes the ownership or
operation of a public utility? Wan,
the city of' New York owns the
greatest municipal project in America
if not in the world���a $867,000,000
water system. And il isn't bankrupt
' yet It makes a profit of $5,000,000
annually. Will our friends, the
enemy, please figure oat for as just
how many years it will be before attar bankruptcy will overtake New
York city at that rate?   Chicago owns
* a       ���*       '  T "'aaaisaasa
How jealously the sessionist industrial movement guards the interests
of the working class is once'more
clearly evidenced by the fact that Joe
Knight, O.B.U. emissary to Esstern
Canada, has had all the literature and
posters for his "Message from Rossis'* campaign, printed' in a scab
shop. In no case does this matter
bear the anion label, while posters
bear the name of the Israelite Press,
which is one of the Winnipeg plants
operating on the open shop basis.���
Western Labor News.
We so often forget oar own faults,
bat never fail to detect oar neighbor's.
plant and nukes a profit of $3,000,
000 a year.   Some more "sheer lunacy."
Tbe Conference Will Gat toe Fasts
Hare is the city of Duluth, Minnesota. R owns aad operates a municipal gas plant The maximum rata
for gas now���today. Anno Domini
1921���is 75 cents per 1.000 feet.
And after paying all expenses, Inter-
eat aad depreciation charges, toe city
made a profit of $79,086 last year.
The plant has been running for over
16 years. During that time it has
earned a large proportion of the
$993,998 that is set aside for depreciation, and is now valued at $1,600,-
Owning a gas plant worth nearly
$2,000,000, haying gas at 75 cents a
1,000 feet instead of $1.60, and making a profit of $79,086 a year, may
seem like "sheer lunacy" to the opponents of public ownership, but to
na it looks like mighty good
and sound common
Yon need the News   wa   need   tbe
money���let's swap.
"   I -���Hrfs-I      :or.   .'       i .T.IiTifT')
f       n   s. "
Good Meetings Reing Held By
Local Federated Labor
"The Collapse of Capitalism" was
the subject by Dr. W. J. Curry, at the
propaganda meeting of the South
Vancouver branch of the Federated
Labor Party in, Dreamland Theatre
last Sunday evening.
The address throughout was interesting and instructive, and commanded the attention of the audience,
which wss a larger one than at the
previous meeting. The present social arrangement was subjected to a
minute analysis, and the speaker waa
of . the opinion that the workers
should unite their forces and "throw
the system on the garbage heap." He
was followed by Tom Richardson, F.
L.P. candidate for Vancouver Soul
Federal riding/ who pointed oat
capitalism bad outlived its useful���
and that not only waa there a hitter
struggle by the manual workers for
the means of .life, bat that struggle
would be intensified amongst toe
white collar and tie brigade who had
hitherto held ' aloof from working
class propaganda meetings.
The speakers for nest Sunday's
meeting at Dreamland will be J. W.
Hogg and Tom Richardson., Meetings
win be held also at McBride School,
29th and Culloden, at 8 p.m. on
October 85th, and West Point Grey,
8 p.m., October 28th.
The Vancouver branch has decided
to contest the seat vacated by a
Liberal for the Provincial House. It
was also decided to inaugurate a series of "open forum" meetings on
Saturday evenings. The rally of the
party will be held in the hall on
Thanksgiving Day, November 7th.
Fuller particulars will he given at a
later date.
Haw     Westminster     Campaign
Opens With Rig Rally
' of Workers.
Pettipiece, the Federated Labor
Party candidate for the New Westminster riding in the Dominion election, opened his campaign here Monday. An attendance which filled the
St. George'a Hall applauded his criticisms of the old political parties, and
his appeals for support of the Labor
party as the only means of bringing
about sorely needed changes.
He concluded a brief outline of his
activities in B. C. with the comment!
"There you have my story. Of my
opponents, so far in this election I am
told that one is 69 and the other has
been dead ever since you elected him. [and raw fare were higher.
Greedy Financiers Must Be Checked Says British Labor
Ma   Fa
Labor members of parliament in'
London express gratification at the
response which the speaker haa made
to the Joint Labor Committee'a demand that parliament shall be immediately summoned to deal with the
Their would prefer, however, that
there should he ao delay and are
and  operates a  $70,000,000  water critical of the postponement of the
question for a month.
Both J. R Clynes, leader of the
Labor Party in the house of commons,
and C W. Bowerman, M.P., secretary of the Trades Union Congress,
were delighted with toe notification
that steps weto being taken to call
the house together. * ,
Beo Tillett, M.P., said in an interview with the London Daily Herald:
"In spite' of tbe delay, there can be
very useful discussion in the meantime. Any good result most be fore*
ed by public opinion, and that opinion
should represent the views of those
directly interested and penalised, not
only toe, very poor, hat the tradesmen aad the working middle-class.
Naad for Drastic E-fart.
"Labor and Trades councils and
the executives of toe great unions
might vary wen employ their services
in emphasizing the need for drastic
remedial efforts to meet a situation
which 1 realize is the most serious
which has confronted the nation.
"The catastrophe it aa great as, if
not greater than, the war itself.     ���
'An end must be pat to war, rave*
Collective ownership of the means of
production is tbe aim we should keep
before us.
"So far as yon people here are concerned, although you can almost take
a line and catch salmon from the
banks of the river, you are no better
off from the proximity of the salmon
and the salmon fishing than yon would
be if you lived in Timbuctoo instead
of in New Westminster."^.
Sam Guthrie, M.L.A., MP Mm. J.
S. Woodsworth also spoke, the Last
named making a special plea to women workers to realize that half the
power necessary to effect changes in
the many directions change was obviously needed lay now in their hands.
Statistics From Ottawa Show ft
Slight Increase in Coat
of Living.
Read prices in Canada, according
to statistics issued by the department
of labor, show a alight advance for
the month of September over those of
August. The figures-for August being 11.44 while those for September
are 11.82.
Wholesale prices of livestock,
meats, grains and fodder showed a
small decrease, also butter and cheese
were lower, hat eggs and milk were
higher. In fruits and vegetables, miscellaneous foods, hides, leathers,
boots and shoes, bonding materials
and chemicals there were slight decreases.   Raw cotton, lead and silver,
OTTAWA.���The question of working conditions and rates of pay for
labor on the Welland Ship Canal has
been settled at,last by the Department of Labor. The scale of pay
ranges tram 37". cento for laborers
to 87" cento an hoar for engineers.
Working conditions, effective Oct-
1, arrange that each craft should be
allowed the privilege of electing a
shop steward for each section of the
Buainess agents of each organisation should be allowed access to tbe
work at any time for tbe purpose of
interviewing tbe contractor or aay
Of his subordinate officers, or the
shop steward.
In the retail prices of fuel, bituminous coal and wood average slightly
lower, while anthracite coal was
higher. The chief increase for September was in potatoes, the prices for
the new crop being high as compared
with old stock at the beginning of
August. There were also increases
in lard, eggs, batter, cheese and
s���,- .i.        i i t
MEMPHIS, Tenn.���Printers have
won their 44-hour week and closed ap
local strike headquarters. This
movement was part of a nation-wide
strike, started last May, to force employers to abide by a 44-hour week
agreement they made two years ago.
he always finds life on the level.
Yon can change your job every
month and still remain in the rut. .
lotions and industrial dissensions,"
added Tillett, "and steps most be
taken that will check the rapacity Of
the great financiers, who lack toe
principles of patriotism, knowing
neither country or conscience, bat
their own greed."
Labor Candidate of Bait Calgary
to Get Farmers'
Wm. Irvine . will be the Labor-
Farmer candidate in East Calgary in
the coming federal election. This was
decided after the Farmers of East
and West Calgary in joint convention
voted unanimously to give Labor its
choiceof the Calgary ridings. Labor
chose East Calgary and as they have
already chosen Wm. Irvine as their
candidate, tbe matter is now settled
and Mr. Irvine will receive the sap-
port of the farmers of East Calgary
and in return the Labor voters of
West Calgary will support the candidate endorsed by the UFA. in that
Mr. Irvine will ran strictly as a
labor candidate on a labor platform,
and it is understood that in each case
the candidate shall be responsible to
the group selecting him, and that
there is no co-operation in platforms,
but merely a co-operation ~in voting.
Both fanners and labor have decided
to fight the political party system in
whatever form it may make its appearance, and no- candidate owing t
allegiance to a political party wttl be  V^ Atnmiirm, g,, with onr free
countenanced by the U.FA. a ^bUc ^^   ma!bn��� ^ motift
When a man is doing his level ��est, !n *?**** _!5__��_��__2__2 __i "**
Most Direct Way of Looking After
the   Welfare   of   the
Human Race.
>-*>^  _ By J- 8, Woodsworth.
sl�� the platform of toe Canadisn
Labor Party is a plank advocating
old-age pensions, and health and disability insurance.
This win be criticized by our doctrinaire friends as a mere "reform ist"
measure, aitd hence as possibly retarding more fundamental changes.
We* agree with them in working for a
complete change in the economic system; but we disagree with their tactics, which we believe are based on
a false psychology. The fact is that
instead of being satisfied with half a
loaf, the more men get, the more they
want; and besides, without the half
loaf they might starve altogether. So
we believe a half loaf is not only better than no bread, but is often the
most direct roSd toward getting the
whole loaf.      '
The eight hour day is only a "reformist** measure, bat the granting
to toe Worken a measure of leisure
hat been one of the most important
factors in giving them a chance to
hardly be denied that without education the workers would be ranch
longer in obtaining political and industrial democracy.
Playing  a  Mast's  Part "
Social insurance may be placed aide
by side with the eight-hoar day and
popular education. ' It ia a move in
toe right direction. It places the
worken in a better position from
which to carry en the fight.
. - Continued on page two
Forty-Seven Organizations Take
Part in Labor Party
Forty-seven organizations, including all phases of tbe industrial movement, the co-operative society and
the labor political parties, were represented at the convention held in
Winnipeg for the purpose of organizing the Manitoba section of the new
Canadian Labor Party.
The convention was attended by
111 delegates, representing the following working class organizations:
Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen,
Brotherhood of Railway Clerks, Winnipeg Typographical Union, North
Winnipeg I.L.P., Brotherhood of Railway Employees, Subdivision No. 6.
West Kildonan LLP- Dectrical
Workers, Centre Winnipeg I.L.P.,
Railway Clerks, Carpenters, C.B.R.E.,
Maintenance of Way Employees,
Winnipeg I.L.P., Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Engineers,
Brandon D.L.P., Boiler Makers'
Union,    Civic    Federation,    Forum
Boot aad
D-. Marhtniatt, O.B.U., Shopmen and
Baramen, Electrical Worken, Dominion Labor Party, Dominion Express
Employees, Carpenters, Stationary
Firemen, Railway Clerks, Bricklayers and Masons, Carmen, Painters,
Morse Place I.L.P., C.B. of R.E. Div.
67, St. James I.L.P., Moulders Union,
Trades Conncil, St Vital I.L.P.. Labor Press, Machinists. Plumbers,
Railway Clerks, Carmen, Hoist Engineers, Maintenance of Way, and Upholsterers.
The delegates completed toe organization and decided to adopt the same
form aa that of Ontario and the
British Labor Party.
Both the Federal and civic elections will be contested.
*  *V't
Salaries of the "Bait People" Are
Not Being Reduced in
Meetings Next Week
For time and place of mooting see  Trades Union Directory
Iron Workers'
Carpenters, Bro.
Jewelry Workers
Seamen's Union
���*���- ��
em   a   a\ mr V. .-��'U��m -    -
Hotel A Best. Employees
Milk Wagon Drivers
Dairy Employees
File Drivers
"Ask these same people why the
'salaries' of royalty, the prime mis-
Pater, cabinet ministers, government
heads, archbishops, etc- should not be
reduced, and they will pooh-pooh tbe
idea. The dignity of the office and
the country must be maintained, etc.
"Just so. Twas ever thus. Ai
hen these biased, short-sighted people
wonder why extremists are getting
the ear of the people."
Maca-inists' 092
'S Union
Photo Engravers
MANCHESTER, Eng. ��� "Wages
must come down, is toe cry one hean
among certain classes," says the Cot-
tea Factory Times.
"We hear it from toe pompons
commercial traveler who charges his
firm first class���and travels third;
from the shopkeeper who haa made
his pile by charging war prices for
old stock and from the
who, caR
At a meeting attended by 500 British sailors now in Marseilles (says a
Renter telegram) strong pretest waa
made against toe action of certain
British steamship owners, who, having bought two stesraeis in
propose to engage a Chinese
Tbe sailors consider that, fa view of
the widespread
fa-VtaCet -BKwna be giw*s__t by
to their owa nationals, and they eaB
Still Asleep on Question of Relieving Unemployment.
Speaking before toe Trades and
Labor Council on Tuesday evening,
Vice-President Baxter of the Boot
and Shoe Worken Union, .aid that
the locked-out shoe worken were
very grateful to the labor movement
of the city for the" help extended to
them in the present struggle?] Every
strike and lockout teaches a lesson
and the boot and shoe workers have
learned one, because they never realised what it meant to boost Union
made goods. Now they know toe
value and need of being a booster,
depending as they do on the rest of
organised labor to increase the demand for Union nude boots and
shoes. The Leclde /firm will loose
out, said Bro. Baxter, because it will
be impossible for them to produce
the old grade of shoe with inferior
workmen. Tbe firm ia losing orders
because it cannot torn out the work.
One instance brought to his attention
since his arrival here, was the fact
that toe City Council wanted union
made shoes for the police force, but
Leckie is unable to fill the order. The
policemen dent want to wear scab or
non-union shoes, so the matter stands
in abeyance.
; Wesson ea the Job
He was pleased to note the activity
of the Label Committee, and had al- <
ways found that once the women he-
came interested in the union label
that things began to move. In one
city that, he bad recently visited, a
women's Label League had been or-
wdsaen got busy,
and took three days oft* to visit all the
stores ea the question of displaying
and selling union made foods. The
demand for union made goods created
by that little effort, he said, baa been
Bro. Baxter had noted that some
of the shoe stores in town were drawing attention to their union-made
shoes by advertising the fact in their
windows, hence he had come to 'toe
conclusion that the demand for these
products was increasing, and the
locked-out worken appreciated it
very much. \
Union Shoes for Police
Dels. Crawford, Showier and
Welsh were, appointed to work in
conjunction with Bro. Baxter in connection with the City Council's da-
sire to obtain union-made shoes for
the police force.
A communication from the Manufacturers' Bureau of the Vancouver
Board of Trade asking tbe council to
send two delegates to help organise
a "Cheer Up Week." was endorsed,
ad Dels. Showier and Cory were appointed.
*k communication from the Team-"
sters and Chauffeurs Union drew attention to the stock selling campaign
of the Yellow taxi Cab, Co., a subsidiary of tbe notorious anti-union
outfit of Chicago and New York-
Organized labor was warned against
buying stock and boosting this company.
Tahaa Off Unfair List
A communication from toe Musicians' Union informed the council
that the orchestra in tbe employ of
A. McGavin, nSnager of the dances
given in the Odd Fellows Han on
Main Street, bad made application for
membership in the union and asked
tbe council to take the orchestra off
the unfair list. This action was concurred in.
���Kg Socials Predicted
DeL Herrett reporting for tbe Label Coinmittee, said that all arrangements had been made for toe first
Whist Drive aad Dane*. Tickets
were selling fast and there waa every
indication of having a record affair.
A  smoking concert waa  being  ar- ~
ged for November 10 in the
Eagles Hall. This was also going to
he a big affair. Plans for tbe November Whist Drive and Dance had also
the unions taking,
part in that, being the Hotel and Res-
Employees, Soft Drink Dis-
Cigar Maken and Barbers.
*   " '   XT.--!*!..
for tte  Parliamentary
Committee, Del. Herrett said that toe
oa page tar
r ���
i j* r ���
Official Organ of toe Vancouver Trades
sad Labor Council sad Affiliated
Control Committee: F. W. Welsh. P
R. Bengough. and W. J. Bartlett
every Friday at Labor Ball,
S19 Pender Street West
Vancouver, B.C.
Telephones Seymour 7405-7496
Second Class mailing privileges applied
8-bscript.on Rates:
$1.50 per year by maU to Canada
*2.50 per year outside Canada
Advertising Rates upon application
H. W. WATTS  -  Editor and M.nager
Rumor has it that the Provincial
government must raise three million
dot la rs in order to carry on next year.
Then is no doubt as to the truth of
the rumor because most governments
are in a like predicament. In order
to raise this money, howayer, proposals are being made to place a tax of
one per cent on all incomes. If this
proposal is enacted into law, the
working man and woman will again
have their standard of living reduced,
because no wage earner will be exempt from the tax. This tax will be
in addition to the graded income tax
already in force, and will become a
heavy burden upon the masses. The
worken wiU not only have to pay
their own tax, but the business element will pass along some of their
tax to the workers by adding it to the
goods sold.
When one also considers that because of the business depression employers an doing their best to reduce
wages, it gives one a pretty good
idea of the standard of living that is
being forced upon the workers.
This condition of affairs is not going to help matters, no matter how
optimistic we might want to be over
the present industrial depression.
Wages have been reduced in Germany, and although there is very
little unemployment, the country hi
practically bankrupt, and the busine
element is sweating blood to keep
toe wolf from the door.  .
We have been jumping around for
the past six yean, to the dictates of
governments and financiers. Wo have
saved the Empire from the German
peril, and according to newspaper
reports we will soon he importing
German goods. We have speeded up
production and "produced more'
food, clothing, etc., and now hundreds
of thousands of "producers" are
looking id vain for jobs to purchase
the food and clothing they have produced. We have '-paid" for the war
in sweat and blood. We have financed it by the purchase of Victory
bonds and sold our bonds at a loss in
order to keep eating and now the
bonds have gone up We have paid
through various methods for the mistakes, corruption and wild speculation
of onr governments, and yet today,
after paying, sweating and bleeding,
we an told that we are about to
enter another round of the same
journey, the same agony and misery.
But there is hope. Then is a
gradual awakening to the necessity
for a big change. A political and industrial change. The worken of the
country, those who do toe useful
work, an seeking and obtaining political power. Having obtained that
power, an industrial change will
gradually take place SO that all the
necessities of life will be produced
for use instead of for profit. Service
wm take the place of graft aad corruption, aad prosperity the place of
bo anything like that now practiced
by the local Socialists, then it would
be the Font thing that could happen
to the workers. In fact we have too
much dictatorship from the other
parties to suit us, and it should be
our aim to abolish all dictatorship.
Then is too much dogma in the Socialist Party for it ever to get full
and unstinted support from the
We believe that the Labor Party
should at least make an effort to put
candidates in the field, because every
advantage should be taken to increase
the power and prestige of the worken. There will be no such thing aa
splitting the vote. Those who vote
for the Socialist Party will not vote
for the Labor Party and vice vena.
Hence there is an absolutely dear
field for the Labor Party. Thousands
of workers, sye and even business
men, are through with the old parties.
These will either be disfranchised or
will throw their support over to some
independent, who will be no better
thsn the old party candidates.
The local Labor Party must rise to
the occasion otherwise its usefulness
will nam away. More Labor Party
candidates are entering the field in
the Provinces to the East of ns than
ever before. In Great Britain plans
are being made to run 500 candidates
at the forthcoming election. These
are good signs, but British Columbia
lags behind. It remains for the Labor Party here to look itself over and
see if it is functioning as well as it
might be.
sickness or in his declining years.
This is both a matter of humanity
and justice. Further, we,are beginning to get it through our heads that
it is good business as well. In the
army, when a soldier is sick or disabled, it would not be considered good
policy to leave hhn to find his own
doctor, and if he was not able to pay
a doctor, to go untreated. It ia in
the interest of the army that every
soldier be maintained in the best possible condition. Equally so with regard to those engaged in the industrial army.
If competitive industry cannot
carry the load then it will be patent
to all that competitive industry must
give way to co-operative industry.
The union label facilitates organization by increasing the demand for
the products of organised workers.
Human  nature cannot be altered
by being haltered.
You have earned the right to vote.
See that you vote and vote right!
Tariff   tinkeren   usually   have   a
high conception of duty.
In 1916 Germany planned on making the Allied worken pay for the
wan   Well we are.
Money goes a little farther now,
but it is still unable to go quite as
far as the next psy day.
We often wonder why members of
different committees yell in the
street corners, but whisper at their
In the heart of New York's financial district there is an animal Hospital.���News Item. We didn't know
New York's financial district had a
heart. '.' r
The worken who strike in protest
against their wrongs may be defeated,
but the public protest registered in
the demand for the union label is
A correspondent writes regretting
the stand taken by tbe local branch
of the Federated Labor Party in not
placing candidates in the field in
Vancouver Centra and Burrard.
We have also beard considerable
comment upon the same subject but
we understand.that the F. L. P. does
not think it possible to raise sufficient
funds to enter tbe contest. The $200
deposit of course is a big item to consider, but aa attempt at least should
be made to obtain funds for that purpose by -making a nomination.
There ia a gnat deal of truth in
our correspondent's statement regarding the chances of the Socialists.
The Socialist Party is too doctrinaire.
It drives mere worken away than it
can ever expect to secure. It does
not believe in Immediate demands and
yet that ia toe very thing that thousands of worken are wanting. It
does not want yaw* vote unless you
are a dyed-in-the-wool Socialist, and
yet thousands of worken are opposed
to the profit system, but cannot measure up to toe standard demanded by
the Socialist Party. It wants to establish a dictatorship, but if it is to
Continued from page one.
Confessedly a great part of the anxiety of the worker and the fear
which prevents him standing up to
his principles is caused by his uncertainty with regard to toe future
of himself and his family. Suppose
he were sure of being cared for in
as of accident or sickness; that in
old-age he would receive a pension;
that in the event of his death his
wife and children would not be on
the street���would not a heavy load
be lifted from his shoulders? Would
he not be more independent and in a
better position to play a man's part?
Industrial Legislation
The employer may fear that the
worker would become lazy, but we
submit that most employers do not
lose all ambition just as soon as a
competence is assured. The human
animal isn't built that way. The
stomach-philosopher may fear that
under these relatively good conditions
the worken would he content with a
servile state and cease to struggle for
anything better. Again we say; the
human animal is not bunt that way.
Food, clothing, and shelter are primary needs but not the only needs of
The principle underlying minimum
standards haa been already recognised in minimum wages for womea,
sanitary conditions of factories and
indeed, is toe basis of most of our
industrial legislation. So, too, somewhat tardily, is being conceded the
principle that industry should carry
its own burdens. If a man is injured
in carrying out some industrial process, the financial burden of his accident should be a charge on the industry. This is being recognised in
onr Workmen's Compensation Acta.
So with old age. If a awn is worn
out in the service he should be cared
for. Even though under the existing system, he has been forced to
work under various employers, the
industry has be_ .ntted by his services
and should carry him over periods of
Can you expect your union to be
powerful when you refuse to furnish
the wherewithal.
(Conducted by  Sydney Warren)
"And they fling him hour by
Strength of men to give him
Brains of men to give him cun-
.    ning;
And for dainties to devour,   ,
Children's    souls,    the    little
Hearts   of  women,   cheaply
He takes them and he breaks
But be gives them  scanty
���William Vaughn Moody.
When newspaper owners fall out,
the public get "inside stories."
jdk nJiws
Sl[     ' i1
Political Pot
i" '.' ' ii ' 	
A. L. Hodgins has been nominated
by a joint Farmer-Labor convention
as candidate for too East Middlesex
riding of Ontario.
W. A. Amos was the choice of a
Farmer-Labor   convention    held
Stratford, Ont., to contest that riding
for the Federal seat.
At a convention of 300 delegates,
representing farm and Labor organizations, held at Waterloo, Ont., Dr.
J. E. Hett, succeeded in getting the
nomination to contest the riding as s
Farmer-Labor candidate.
F. Finn, a C.P.R. freight conductor,
has been selected as the Dominion
Labor Party candidate to contest the
Lethbridge riding.
A. E. Hockway is the Farmer-Labor
candidate for West Elgin, Ont
Trades UnioD Directory
I Secretaries are requested lo keep this Directory up-to-date
Vancouver Unions
COT7BCXL���President P. W. Welsh;
Secretary, P. Ben-rough. Office 301
Labor Hall, 313 Pender Street Wast
Phone Seymour 7195. Meeta In Labor
Hall at 8 p.m. on' the flrat and third
Taaada? In month. 	
O. a tines, Seeretary, Boy Musecsr,
Offlos 210 Labor Hall. Meets first and
third Wednesday la month at Lsbor Hall.
BAa-aSaY SAXaBBMaBB, Local No. 371
President, H. 'Curtis; Beeratary, W.
Baynea, 327 Eleventh Avenue . Kast.
Meet* at 318 Pender Street West on
aecond Monday ot each month at I
SV.    l_OU_.     CBaUEAX.    ABO
son DBXBU- WOBBBBS���President.
F. P. O/ugh: Secretary, W. H. Mo-
Lean, 2015 Broadway Weat. Meats
at SI8 Pender Street West at I p.m.
every third   Tuesday In month. ,
Local No. 110���President, C. E. Herrett; Beeratary, A. it. Jennie, 320
ramble Street. Meets Room 813, tit
Pender Street West, at 7:16 p.m. oh'
second and fourth Tuesdays In month.
J. S. Woodsworth has been nominated to contest the Centre Winnipeg riding on the Labor Party ticket
James Fairhurst, of Coleman, Alta.,
popular member of the Miners' Union,
was nominated candidate of the Dominion Labor Party for the Macleod
riding on Saturday night by the largest meeting of labor men ever held in
the riding. Mr. Fairhurst haa always
taken a very prominent part in labor
affairs of the district and is looked
upon As being a very strong candidate.
��� OWEN SOUND���A joint Farmer-
Labor Soldier convention here on
Saturday nominated Major Thomas
Rutherford, of Leith, to contest
North Grey.
The deposed boy Emperor of China
objects to being married before he
has made a trip around the world.
Evidently wants to have a look
around first
One of the dire calamities that
would befall us in event of Germany
winning the war was that we would
have to work for a German boss.
Think of it! Most of us would be
glad to work for any kind of a boas
these days.
The War Office announces that
7,119.600 war medals were issued
during the period of July 24th, 1919,
to September 5th, 1920. Wonder
how many of their owners have had
to leave them with "Uncle" to make
both ends meet on the industrial
Audrey Munson, artists' model,
says she will leave her profession if
she cannot pose in Eve's costume.
She told this to a St. Louis jury after
they had witnessed the filming of her
picture, "Innocence," and they set
her free. The age of chivalry is still
with us.
The Duke of York, second son of
Ring George, declined to attend the
Cutlers' Feast at Sheffiield last week
on the ground that it would not be
fitting for him to be present at such
a feast while there were so many
hungry unemployed. Wonderful how
th ��y take their cues.
Press reports state that if there is
no disarmament agreement reached
at the Washington Conference, England will take immediate steps to
place a big fleet on the Pacific. With
France demanding the right to maintain a large standing army at home,
and Japan steadily increasing her
military machine, the world will soon
be loaded for "peace" again.
The Queensland Labor Government
has thrown down the gauntlet to London capitalists by obtaining a large
loan from New York bankers. British
bankers refused loans to the Queensland government because it had
passed certain working-class measures
which hit the London financial pirates
square in the solar plexus. They
appealed to the Australian High
Court to declare them unconstitutional, and this the court saw fit'to
do, hut the late Hon. T. J. Ryan,
then Queensland's Labor Premier,
took the decisions to the Privy Council and had them annulled. The
action in refusing further loans was
thought would bring Queensland's
Labor government to a proper respect
for English money-bags, but, alas, in
the face of this 'refusal. Premier
Theodore appealed to the electors
with- tbe result that Queensland's
Labor government was returned to
ftower for a third time.
. Jasper, Alta., is the lates addition
to the ranks of the Dominion Labor
Party, a branch of the D.L.P. having
been formed at that place on October
3. A good size crowd responded with
hearty co-operation to the call for an
organisation meeting.
REG IN A. ��� The Saskatchewan
branch of the Canadian Labor Party
was organised here this week to take
part in the federal election. Alderman Watson, of Moose Jaw, wss
elected president and it was announced that the party will include in its
membership every branch of organised and unorganised labor and also
farmers who care to join.
TORONTO.���R. H. Palmer. Provincial Secretary of the Independent
Labor Party has been chosen as the
candidate of the Farmer-Labor group
of South York to contest that constituency at the coming Federal elections.
The first thing the Farmer-Labor
Government will have to do ia provide employment for thousands of
men.   Meighen is indifferent.
The Quebec Labor Party wiU have
five working class candidates in the
field for the ..forthcoming Federal
Comma���lata Fail
LONDON, Eng.���The collapse of
communists to break into the British
trades union congress, at its annual
convention, marked the proceedings
at Cardiff, writes William Graham, in
a local newspaper.
"Hera and there they have a small
following, mostly young men with
stock phrases they do not fully understand," he said. "In conference they
are noisy and even enthusiastic.
When pressed for their remedies as
against a constitutional programme
they are fatuous beyond description."
No Toole
A tramp asked a gentleman loir a
few cents to buy some bread.
"Cant you go Into any business
that is more profitable than this?"
"I'd like to open a hank if I could
only get the tools," answered the
tramp.���Factory Facts.
Workers f
Pat     the    unemployed     Union
Cigar Makara of thi. city hack
to Work.
Onr factory has been fair to
organised labor for the past 10
Will put these men to work in
our factory just ss fast as your
increased demand for onr cigars
will let us do so.
2 FOR 2Se
1022 Seymour St.      Va
MBX.VBB8, Local No. 151���-President.
W. J. Bartlett; Seeretary. T. McIIugh.
18���� Sixth Avenue West. Meeta at
tit Ponder Street West at I p.m. on
third Tuesday of ���oh month
ebb a axuranaa, Local no. i.i���
President, R. Lynn; Seeretary, A.
Eraser, Hobm 301, tit Pender Street
Weat. Meets at lit Pander Street
Waat. at t p.m. on first and third
Mondays  of each month.
Local No. (05 ��� Preaident, Thoa.
Andley; ..Secretary. Tom Cory, 445
Vermin Drive. Meats at tit Pander
Street West at t p.m. on flrat Tuesday
In month.
EBEBB.���Preaident, W. Kerr; Seeretary.
L. Padgett. MeeU at Labor Hall on aad
and 4th Wedneaday fa month.
���President, B. Bronson; Saer-tary,
Roy Massecsr. 819 Pander'Street West.
Meeta at 319 Ponder Street West, at
8 p.m.. srrnnd and fourth Monday.
BOOBTB-BUBBa, Local 105���President,
Geo. Mowet: Secretary, Prank Milne,
Box 411. Meeta at 319 Pender Street
Weat at 8 p.m. every third Wedneaday
In month.
CXVXO BtCrXOYBBB. Local No. 28���
Prealdent, J. White: Secretary, O.
Harrison. Office 148 Cordova Street
West. Meets at 148 Cordova Street
Weat at I p.m. oh the first and third
Friday In month.
CITT I1U E--P-,OTEBS' Local No.
58���President. H. A. Black; Secretary,
Aid. W. J. Scribben. City Hall. Meets
at 148 Cordova Street West, at tV.ni.
on flrat Wedneaday of each month.
 i. Local
45.���Prealdent Geo. H.��� Hardy; Secretary, W. X Johnston; buainesa
Agent, a. C Thom. Office 304 Labor
Hall. Meets second and fourth Monday at t p.m. In Labor Hall,
Branca.���President, T. 8. Coops; -Business Arenl. Anmis MarSween; Secretsry,
R. C. Webber. 14fl 19th Ave. W. Meets
tnd and ,4th Tuesday at 8 p.m., la PX.P.
Ho. S Branch.���Seeretary, -W. Bray, SO
loth Ave. W. Meets lat aad 3rd Tuesday at S p.m., ia F.LP. Hall, 148 Cordova
Btv W.
OXOABatAXBBS. Local No 357���President. G. Thomas; Secretary. R. J.
Craig, 38 Kootenay Street' Meets at
tit Pender Street West, at t p.m. on
flrat Tuesday In month.
Prealdent, D. W. McDougall: Secretary.
P. TV Burrows; Busine** Agent, K.H.
Morrison, Office 440 Fender Street
West. Meets at 440 Pester Street
Weat at t   p.m. every Monday.    	
, Loca
riBB P-OBYBB8, Local No. It��� PreeN
dent. Percy Trevlae; Seeretary, Chas.
A. Watson. No. t Firs Hall. Twelfth
and Quebec Streets, Vancouver. Meets
at tit Pender Street Wast
OAft-tBBT   WOBBBBS.  Local   No.   140
__Prealdent, Mrs. W.  Mahon; Secretary,
Ada Hawksworth, 3518 Fleming Street.
Meat* at Labour Hall at I p.m.    on
flrat Thursday in month.	
Local No. tt���President. J. Gumming*;
Secretary, J. W, van Hook, 441 Seymour
Street. Meeta at 441 Seymour Street
at 2:30 p.m. on aecond and 8:30 p.m.
on fourth Wednesday* In month.
42���President. .1. K. Dawson. Secretary,
K. T. Kelly. 1850 Hastings Street Bast
Meets second and fourth Mondays In
month. - tit Pander Street.
Local No. 207���Preaident, A B. Flnly.
Secretary. A. P. Surge*, ttt Fifty-
seventh Avenue East MeeU at tit
Hoiden Building. Vancouver, at t p.m.
on first and  third Fridays In month.
-TWOOBAVB-BB8, Local No. 44���Pre*!
dent. H. 3. Rhodes; Secretary. H. Wal
kor.  lOOt Pendrell  Street.    MeeU   at
. Room tOt, Sit Pander Street West, at
> n.m. on third Wedneaday In month.
LOOOt_0~ITB BBOUBBBBe, Brotherhood of. Division No. 320���President.
(%. P. Boston; Seeretary, H. A. B. Mac-
Donald. 1222 Pendrlll St, Vancouver.
Meets al I.O.O.F. Hall ea second and
Fourth Tuesdays In each month at ���
t. Local No. 858���President.
T. McRwen; Secretary. If. O. Campbell
T44 Helmeken Street. - Vancouver.
Meat* at I.O.O.F. Hall, on first and
third Thursdays of eaeh swath.
i ��� k _  ia ���   i ��� ���   ��� i  ���  ii _������ ,,        '      i      i - ���' ���!���'  "   ' "������
Local No. 38-tt���Seeretarv -Treasurer.
B. Nixon; Basin*** Ageat, W. Bars*. ISt
Cerdera Str**t West MeeU st US Cordova Street Wast, at S p.ni, ea first and
third Fridays la s-onth.
No.   348���Prealdent.
-6-BBATOB-, CoeTl
it. W. McCartney,
tit London Building; Secretary. O.W.
Sejtted. ttt London Building. Meets
At SIS London Building On first Sunday In month at T:tt p.m.
PLOYBBS.   Local   ��
J.  Smith;  Secretary.
..   484���Prealdent.
i*-_"?*-M_. ���'����.**��T.   a   Showier.  Sit
S22__ ffiEK? aa?****-    *���**    ��*    *��,��
Pender Street Weat at   8 n��m. Mr
ond and fourth Friday* in month
"��g�� VmT*xrsz* r'rSRS:
i- *S,_,:,��ir**L ���*-"-���- "> *��� B*l,*��;*-*���**������ 8**c-
J. McMillan. 148 Cordo-a Street. Meeta
at **J Cordova Street, at 8 p.m. on
���econd and fourth -rTaoradaVa in month.
P��C*. nvr&?XMm> Local No. :��04���
Prajldent, W. H. Pollard; Secretary.
Ni H. Vernon. Box 320. Meeta at Sit
Pender Street West. Vancouver, at S
p.m. on every Friday of.month.
raoro bbobavaaa- Ueai SSTiT^
Prealdent. F. Looney: Secretary. Gordon Edwards. 2723 FtfttvAvanua Wait
MeeU at World Building. Vancouver.
at t p.m. on Saturday of eaeh __*___
Loco) N*o. 89���Preaident. Charles Keall.
Secretary, Alfred Hurry. Stl Thirty-
fourth Avenue East. Meeta at Sit
Pender Street West, at I p.m. on first
Wednesday in month.
Hey��;  Secretary,  J
nes*    Agent,     K.
MtWsTBB   FrssHa
Richard* Street
Street West on
day In month at I p.m.
Irvine:  Bu��i-
L.  .
A.  * Goddard.
.    Meet* at Sit Pender
Street West  on flrat and third Moo-
s-XaVtcasBa abiT _.
Local No. 170���President. Bert Stlrs-erote;
Seeretary. J. Croarther: Basinesa Agent,
F .W. Welsh. Office 801 Labor HalL
Meet* st S18 Pander Street West at S
Bat ea gassed and fggjh Friday*.
^fMWICa&^*nam���**Om, Local
N.' ��-������Prnaldent. Roy A. Perry: Secretary. Alexander Murray. 14S4 -Tenth
Avenue West Meet* at 440 Pander
Street Weat. at 7:30 p.m on fourth
Tuesday of month.
Chslrmsn, W. 3. Bsrtl.tt   Seeretary. Mrs.
W. ttshon     Meets la room 80S Labor Hall
on the first and third Thursday  In
���oath at 8 �����_- ������;
-M��-*X. WdBBBBS-President. D. J.
H_-*J_i-,'/' Secretary. G. E. James.
1348 Odium Drive. Meeta at 448 Pender Street West. Vancouver, at T:S��
P.m. on last Friday In month.	
Local No. 89���President, s. W. Myers:
Secretary el R Stephenson. Box 894.
Meet* at lit Hasting* Street. Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on second Tuesday In
St���President. A. N. Lowes: Secretary.
Charles Bird. 2038 Union' Street.
MeeU at  I.O.O.F Hall. SIS Hamilton
Street, at 8 p.m. on first Monday In
BAnWAT OOBBOOTOaa. Division Na
287���President. O. W. Hatch; Secretary
X B. Physlck USt Thurlow Street.
Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall on first Sunday
at 2 p.m.. and on third Thursday at
8 n.m.
EArLWAT-ABMES, Ledge Bo. BS-���Preal-
d*nt. T. Sommarrllle; Seeretary. B. ,T.
Ssnsnm, B880 Sherbrooke St Meet* let
snd 3rd Fridays, in Cotillion HalL
J-AIX.WAT TBAJBStBB.  Local   No.   144
���President,  C.   A.   Mitchell;   Seeretary.
D. A. Munro. 70 Seventh Avenue Waat.
MeeU at I.O.O.F Hall. Hamilton Street
at 7:30 p.m. on first Tuesday and 2:30
p.m.on third Tuesday,
Local No. 137���President. A. Osborne
Secretary, A. IX McDonald, ttl Pander Street West, Vancouver. Meet*
at S p.m. on third Thursday in month.
BBTA-Z. CX.BBBU Local No. 273--
Presldent. A. P. Glen: Secretary. G.
T. Brown. Silt Twenty-seventh Ave..
West. Meeta at Sit Pender Street
Weat at t p.m. on first aad third
BOCXATIOW���President C. F. C Crelff;
Secretary. Oeo. Gray. 1838 First Ave.
East MeeU at Eagles' Hell. Vancouver at 2:30 p.m. on first and third
Sunday* In month.
TEAMS-BBS, Loral No. 855���President, W.
M Brown; Barret ar-, Birt Showier Off it
10* Leber Hall. Meeta seeesd and faarth
W*dB**4*r at S p-. la Labor H*ll.
._' tnriOW���Business Agent, R.
Townsend.    Meets   at T    are. . every
_Mond��r at Its Cordova Street Weat
aOPT BB-STK  mSPBBBBBe-   trsTt-daT,
No. 878���President. Frank MeCaaa.
Secretary. T. J. Han*fin. St7t Sixth
Avenue West. Vancouver. Meeta at
441 Seymour Street. Vancouver, at 2:St
p.m. on first Sunday In month.
Local No. ttt President. Joseph
Weelman. Meets at 318 Pemjer St.
W. Vancouver, at 7:30 p.m. on seeond
snd fourth Tuesdays In month.
_ SsOaal Wo. 88���-President. W.
Barley; Secretary, A. Blrnle. ittt
Commercial Drive. MeeU at Sit Pender Street West at S p.m. on second
Monday In month.
PLOTEEB OP ASnraiOA. Amalgamated Association of. Division No. 181���
President. R. Rlgby; SeereUry. F. E.
Griffin. 447 Sixth Avenue But. Fan-
couver. Meet* A.O.F. HalL Mount
Pleasant at 10:15 am. on flrat Mon-
d-y and T p.m. on third Monday.
Local 182���President. C. Dolmaa; Secretary. F. stumble.
J 88 Got hard Street MeeU tn Labor
Hall Vancouver at 8 p.m. firm Tues-
day in month. ������'
U-tBOBAJrU-BBS (C ~JS. By-t^TaiTT.
���Chairman. W. M. Brine; SeereUry,
1. Cunningham. Box 4321. Vancouver, B.C
-TELaTBO-a   OFaBATOBa   -   tea*!   Tf
A.LB.E.W.   Secretary.  Miss  F.
308 Labor
-.ttOII!-r Tff,,r,?*��� L04**- No 178���President.  R.  A.  Lawson. IMS     Seymour
^���*^i_l!,*c__K*~* c MeDoaaM. P. O.
Box MS. Meet, at Sit Pender Street
West, at S p.m. oa flrat Monday la
._, Local Stt���Pre*ld*nt
C. H. Collier; Secretary and Buainesa
AsTSBt R- N. Neelands; Office S14 Labor Hall. Meeta laat Sunday la each
month at S p.m.
TBICAX.     L-
-Loeal 118���PreeldenTw. J. Park:
retary. O,  W. Allln; Busine*. Agent
MeeU at Stt London Building at t:It
am. on second Friday la month.
. President W.
3. Clark: Secrettry, 3- O. Keefe: Business Agent. P. Bengough; Office tit
Pender Street West MeeU at Sit
Pender Street Viet at t p.m. on second
aad fourth T-hnraday.
BmaiCrXABa, Local
Bowyer;  Secretary
London  Building.
Local No. 145���President.
A Jamleson. ttt
Meets    at    Moose
HalL   Homer Street, at It    a.m.
second Sunday tn month.
-C-sXB-STa,   lodge   SSS���President. J.
H.  Robb; Seeretary.
H. Robb; Seeretary, Evan McMillan:
Business Agent P. Bengough; Offtee
Sit Pander Street West. MeeU at
Labour Hall at I p.m. on seeond aad
fourth Tuesday.
._. Local SSI���President, John
. Brown:  Secretary.   Geo.  Annand,  1255
Albert Street    Meet* at Labour Hall
at t p.m. on first aad third Friday
Varum OF B. OV���PresIdent Dan Can-
lia: Seerrtsry. W. DoaahUon. lot Mala
Street at 7 p -. first sad third Wednesday.
Build a bigger and better business by
employing UNION men, and advertising in The News.''
Provincial Unions
T1OT0---A���President C Sleverta, 1721
Denman Street; Secretary E. Woodward. 1SSI Carlln Street MeeU at ���
p.m. on first and third Wedneaday*
In roo-tfi at Trades Hall. Bread Street.
201.���President. O. K. Christian: Saere-
tsrjr-tressurer. W. H. Osard. Bex SOS.
Meet* last Sandsy of awath ta Baw Trades
Hall. Brssd Street
._�����___: J-rnMdeat.   8.   B.
McDonald   Prince   Rupert:  Secretary.
O. WsddelL Box   4SS. Prince Rupert
Uft: mLJ^rPmntmim' Han en   seeond
end fourth Tuesdays of each month.
BntLSOW���Prealdent   J. Lot man. Nalaon;
Secretary, Felix Peserll. Bos SS4 Nel-
_ -President J a���
.Me, Reveistoke: Set retary. Philip
Parker. Box SS4. ReveUtoke. Meets
at 8 p.m. at City Hall. Reveistoke, oa
the seeond and fourth Saturday of
each month.
 l���Prealdent.   H.
Knodsen, 403 Royal Avenue; Secretary,
R Morgan. SIS Region Street Hew
Westminster. MeeU second and fourth
Wednesdays In month at Labour
Temple. New Weatmlnstar.
V ...   .
i. ������.       '���)...��� ! ���i     ( SI i
��� '-_____
a \t .   *a._
In these col-inns there will be printed every week the
leading editorials from other newspapers and magazines
mmilltnil,,*f>w,,MM1*mMM''-'''''-'' "'""f '���"���""��� mmm miB
We have many special cults that
have s ready answer to this qnestion.
A number of them, differing in other
matters, believe that a riot is a revolution. Others are certain that any
sction which carries with it physical
force is the thing. They speak of
"revolutionary action" aa though the
method m any given case gave it a
revolutionary aspect.
Now physical force^-d underground intrigue, whiclr_Bperally goes
with it, are not necessarily revolutionary. . These can just as'well be
reactionary as anything else. Political-action is not revolutionary. It
may also be reactionary. Methods of
attaining ends are neither one nor the
other of themselves. Yet there are
those who glorify "revolutionary
sction" and who place physical force
slone in that category.
The aim alone can be revolutionary, and whether the means" aFr
adapted to the aim depends solely
upon the conditions that prevail in a
given country. In the case of the
workers the fundamental conditions
that determine the methods are the
character of the government; whether
they have the franchise; whether
they are permitted to organise politically and economically; the degree of
economic development attained; and,
above all, the educationaf level of the
If the character of the government
is such that the suffrage and organisation are impossible, then force and
secrecy are inevitable, no matter
what the other factors are. If the
reverse is true, those who urge force
and secrecy invite the workers to
put their heads in a noose and give
the enemies of the workers the pretext they want to embark on a policy
of repression and reaction. Instead
of their "revolutionary action" bringing what they want, it brings reaction
upon all sections of the worken/'
It is for this reason that the governments send spies and provocateurs
into such movements, to stimulate and
encourage their "revolutionary action" so that these governments may
place their, boots upon them. They
are easy prey to the spy and provocateur.
The aim may be correct, yet if the
methods adopted do not correspond
with material reality, all "revolutionary action" is so; much moonshine.
The country may even be economically ripe for change and yet the
masses be intellectually unprepared.
This is the case in the United States
todsy. The intellectual level is aptly
portrayed in "Main Street." The pais still a Urged "Gopher Prairie" so
far as the understanding of the
masses is concerned. This was expressed in the election returns of last
year with their 7,000,000 majority.
The movement that does not understand these elementary facts is rooted in abstractions and will ge nowhere.���The New York Call.
his family increased his taxes would
likewise go up. If tbe Sales Tax will
amount to $20 per capita, then the
man with the large family will pay
the larger tax. This would mean taxation, not according to ability to pay,
but according to the number of
The 1921 budget increase in the
Sales Tax means that the 1 per cent
and 2 per cent rates oa domestic
transactions have become 1 ft per cent
and S per cent respectively, and the
import rates 2ft per cent and 4 per
cent We have the Minister's statement also, "that more than one sales
tax is included in the finished article
in Canada." But while the wholesaler may pay tbe first tax and the
retailer the second, the consumer
ultimately pays all the Sales Taxes.
On the sixth day of December of
this present year the people of Canada will have an opportunity to aay
what they think of a government
which in matters of taxation as in all
other matters, has done the bidding
of the economic Lords of the land.
If they vote to return the Meighen
administration they are saying in
terms which cannot be misunderstood,
that they approve of shifting the burden from those who are best able to
pay, to the shoulders of those who are
least able to bear the load.���Alberta
Labor News.
A Woman's Pbint of View
! Correspondence
Editor, B. C Labor News.
Dear Sir.���I have supported the
Federated Labor Party ever since its
formation, bat now note with regret
that the Party ia not favorable to
placing candidates in the field in
Centre Vancouver and Burrard. This
apparently is done in order to give
die Socialist Party a clear field. This
in my opinion, and the opinion of
many others, is a very foolish stand.
The Socialist Party cannot elect its
candidates, cannot get the support of
the workers and would only oppose
remedial legislation in tile Federal
house. They are too doctrinaire and
fatalistic in their policy to ever
amount to anything on the political
field. The Labor Party will lose the
support of a great many worken unless it gives them a chance to vote
for a real labor candidate.
Yours fraternally,
*-    e -��� e
The rale for the application of
forms of taxation should be that of
ability to pay. Bnt the rule that is
followed by the representatives of
special privilege who have hitherto
attended to such matters, is that of
relieving those who are best able to
pay at the expense of those who are
least able to bear the burden. Such
is the Canadian Sales tax.
The Ssles Tax is a consumers' tax.
It places the burden upon the shoulders of the man who must bay
clothes and shelter and food. It
adopted at the instigation of the
privileged interests and at the sugges-
tion of the Canadian Manufacturers'
Association the 1921 budget was
brought in by Sir Henry Drayton,
containing no business profits tax, no
luxury tax, but with the Sales Tax
greatly increased. A writer in the
Monetary Times describes the working out of the Sales Tax: "According
to figures supplied through this tax,
an amount equal to $20 per capita."
The writer goes on to show how that
if the income tax were worked in the
same manner as the Sales Tax must
work, the married man without a
family would pay twice as stack income tax as the single man and as
Editor, B.C. Labor News,
Ubor Hall,
Vancouver, B.C.
Would yon permit me to write in
regard to your article in the issue of
your valuable paper of last week,
entitled, "A Helping Hand." The
paragraph which interests me is as
follows: "Bight here at home we have
a job on onr hands that should be
better attended to than it is. Cigar
makers have been handed a raw deal,
and although drawing a little strike
pay, it is not enough to meet the
cost of food and clothing for the average worker." You go on to aay
very aptly and to the point, that "A
helping hand Is ail they need. That
if every, worker would make an effort
to boost the Union Label aad ask for
these goods during the next month
the fight would bo won.** Yon go on
to say that: "If the local Union haa
a few dollars in its treasury it could
not be better used than In assisting
these locked-out strikers." .
f. Your points are all well taken and
the logic of them could not be more
sound. The problems facing Union
labor in a great many lines such as
the loeal Union cigar making industry, are not hard problems to solve.
They arc not deep complicated questions of poHtiral economy. They are
simple problems requiring only simple
tense ***solution, bat there
be a consistent, co-operative,
whole-hearted, honest support of
workers themselves put into the campaign in order to successfully work
out or carry out the work, which that
solution demands. Then -must be
organisation brought about, controlled and kept working by the secretar-
of these Unions.   They an the
In view of the fact that at the coming elections Caaadians will have the
first opportunity of sending women as
members to Ottawa, it is intensting
to read the expression of opinion of
Lady Aster, the first woman member
in the British House of Commons on
the need of having some women members in our legislative bodies. Writing recently to The Woman Citizen,
Lady Astor says, in part:
"Then has been a good deal of
discussion ia the newspapers and
journals oa whether then is such a
thing as a woman's point of view. Of
course there is. on such questions as
morality. But I go further, and say
that it exists on many mon general
problems, too: that women do look at
things from a different angle and deal
with them in a different way from
men. How far this is doe to natural
inherent differences, and how far to
centuries of artificial differences imposed on women by men it is not yet
possible to say. But so long as women an different from men so long
is there a need for them as women in
all departments of public service.
"Men recognize this difference
themselves. They know, though they
can't always explain, that their moth-
era had a peculiar and special influence on them. It was something quite
unlike their fathers. And it is that
same peculiar quality which women
can and must contribute to politics
today. .1
-Man after all is only half mankind. Yet he haa often acted as if
be were he whole of mankind. Government by half the community only
is neither democracy nor justice nor
common sense. Women do not claim
to be a superior sex. But they do
claim to be human beings on an
equality with men, with a share of
the same natural rights and therefore
a share of the same duties and responsibilities. And as men have their
own  virtues and  characteristics to
"lien, for instance, have on the
whole got the habit of team work.
This is particularly true of Anglo-
Saxon men, and ia doe without any
doubt to the big part that organized
team games play in their education.
The fact that it isn't yet wholly true
of women is, I am sure, large because of this lack in the education of
ao many of them.
"But without this feeling of playing
a corporate game women will not
make good. Women do need to learn
mon about the strength of a 'long
pull, a strong pull, and a pull all together.' Bnt I see ao reason whatever why they shouldn't learn it If
the cave-man had to learn tribe-law,
then is no reason why woman, now
she is emerging from the cave stage,
shouldn't learn it, too.
"Then, again, men pride themselves
on their -balance.' This is a very useful gift. But sometimes they are so
well balanced on that centre point of
gravity that they become perfectly
motionless. Women's intuition is
needed to come* to the rescue hen and
give them the necessary prod to set
them moving again.
Women's moral courage, too, sometimes has come to the rescue of man's
physical courage, woman's mercy to
the rescue of man's justice. This is
a thing that every woman knows.
"If these different qualities of ours
an needed to complete the home and
the school and the professions, they
an needed just as much in politics,
and in legislative assemblies. After
mon than a year's experience I am
a firmer believer than ever before in
the work that women can and should
do in parliament, It is not enough
to say that representative women will
be consulted on laws affecting women
and children. Then an almost no
laws that do not affect women and
children, directly or indirectly. And
women have their own contributions
contribute to government and admin-(to make on questions of baby clinics.'
istration, so have women. J ���Grain Growers' Guide.
men, to my mind, responsible for
what their individual Union is doing
to accomplish the whole.
Speaking, or rather, writing, on the
last quotation from your article
which reads: "If the local Union has
a few dollars in its treasury, it could
not be better used than in sarnsting
these locked-out strikers." Your intentions an the best, I know, but I
ask why, for the love of Mike, an
there any locked-out strikers? Its
true, a local cigar factory has in the
past year brought such conditions
about, but why haven't these locked-
out strikers gone to work in some
other local factory that ia fair to
organised labor? I'll tell you why.
It is because there is not enough demand' for local Union cigars for this
fair factory to even keep Ha own,
staff working steadily. The solution
to this, aad to the present lockout
and financially pressed condition of
some loeal Union cigar makers, is in
the hands of local Union workers of
all trades, and in those, as well, of
the secretary of the local branch of
the International Cigar ** Makers
Union. As far as our factory ia concerned, we would be glad to put every
union cigar maker in B.C. that is now
out of work alt a bench in onr factory.
Help oa create a demand for our lines
and we'll do it.   It's up to the worker.
Sales and Advertising Manager, Parsons ft Reynolds. Manufacturers
of Lavello and P. & R Cigars.
Flair to Organized Labor for 16
View of tan Mattar
met ia several yean, wen condoling
met inseveral yean, wan condoling
with eaeh other oa their
Large aad small j good accommodation; easy teat.   Rates to
by day, waak ��r saesw-a. ea sppllrsHaa to:
P. R. BENGOUGH, Sacratary.
"Well." said Jones, "one comfort
is that it's only brain worken who
lose their hair."
"Yes." replied Smith, "only think
en ever become held.   Isn't'that so.
gam?" appealing to the porter.
"Well. I dunno *bout dat," the
darky replied. "My grandaddy said
dat an
the organisation at the
the United States army, ta be
ready for immediate mobilization in
time of war, were taken today by the
sist of three field
corps, 27 illiisieBS,
Citixens trained in
to f orm the nucleus of the
Alt the benefits that have come to
the workers ban been the result of
their own organised, concerted efforts.���Ex.
We do not object to yon
s tub-bustler.
Women voters throughout the West
an vitally concerned by an amendment to the Dominion Election Act of
1919 which passed the federal house
during the recent session and of
which little is yet known by the general public. It Is now provided by
this amendment that no woman, unless she is of British birth or born
on this continent shall hereafter be
allowed to vote unless she has first
gone before a judge of the revision
court and has shown cause why she
should be given the voting privilege.
Women, under the amendment, an
no longer regarded as taking the nationality or naturalization of their
husbands or fathers, but must make
personal application for inclusion on
the voters'lists.
While it is true that a number of
the mora powerful women's organisations have long stood for self-naturalization of women and for better
standards of intelligence among women as well aa men voters, the pernicious feature of the recent amendment lies in the fact that many thousands of women will be disfranchised
in the federal election owing to ignorance of this new clause. The matter
will work great inconvenience to those
womea in the remote country districts
who may have to journey many miles
to attend a court of revision and the
lamentable possibility of the loss of
away thousands of western women's
votes in consequence is presaged.
Technically the new amendment
does not mean disfranchisement, but
virtually it will disfranchise many women who now vote by virtue of then-
being married to British husbands or
to iiatui allied frfin^ititn ffttetiis
Although the amendment will affect the women in the eastern provinces, its effect will be most severely
felt in the west among the large alien
population. It is to be hoped that the
amendment may receive a large measure of publicity among women's or-
ganhatioas ia order to offset the
injustice which may accrue to many
through ignorance.
The difference between an Irish-
and ah American is that the
Irishman thinks he isn't free and the
American thinks ha is.
The following places are run under
non-union conditions and are therefore
unfair to organized labor.
Stettler Cigar Factory, making Van Loo
and Van Dyke Cigars.
Ring's Cafe. 212 Carroll St
Capitol Cafe. 930 Granville St.
While -Lupchts.
n-Jcctficu ContTaKtort.
C H. Peterson, 1814 Pandora St
Hume ft Rumble. Coliimbia St, New
<"S]*n-fofl||f|��j_|yp^   B.C.
The Chiniwack Electric Co, Ltd- Chfl-
Ewadc, BC
Quality Circulation**��� Buying Power
The manager of this paper would be pleased to
talk business with you.
Label Trades Monthly
WMsfpriye and
Friday, October 28, 8 p.m.
Cotillion B0 ''
Dancing 9 to 12
Whist Drive 8 to 10
Tickets:   Gents' 50c; Ladies'25c
I       sninaanal      " ' *" *'! * i n -
Continued from page one
Electrical Workers Union had been
asked to send delegates to -explain
their grievance and also to obtain a
copy of the proposed Electricians'
Licensing Act A request has been
sent to the City Conncil asking what
steps had been taken in the matter ot
providing public conveniences.
Reporting for the Organisation
Committee Del. Welsh stated that
Dels. Showier and Bartkett had visited the Printing Pressmen's Union on
- the subject of affiliation with the
Conncil and the union had endorsed
the move.
Reporting for bis union Del. Crawford stated that all sheet metal workers were working.
GAtiag Cat Up
Del. Herrett, Barbers, stated that
cheap barber shops were starting up
in the city but Customers were getting cut up by the Students and were
not going back. Union shops ware
still in the majority and holding
their own.
Dels, to the Economic Council
(Showier) reported that at * recent
meeting with Attorney-General Ferris, McVety, McNiven and McNeil, no,
satisfactory arrangement could be
made with the government for unemployment relief. The recent action
of the City Council had more or lets
killed the Economic Council's plan,
but the government pleaded that.it
had no money.
Del. -Nixon, Carpenters, reported
that in the interview with Premie.
Oliver there was every indication
that the government were unanimous
in their opposition to the Commission
plan of the Council.' Premier Oliver
had inferred that if there was to be
any .relief work that it should be at
breaking rock, and even that was not
hard enough graft for some of-the
unemployed to be put to work at;
The deputy Minister of Labor had
stated that when the harvesters returned from the prairies they would
bring back a million and a half dollars. Del. Nixon thought this was
beyond reason. Harvesters were losing quite a lot of time on account of
rain and snow, and they had to pay
for room and board when laid off.
He had spoken to many returning
harvesters and if they landed , in
Vancouver with $80 they would be
doing well. There was, in his opinion,
going to be a big influx to Vancouver, because the workers were eating
each other up in the East, and it was
too cold to stay on the prairies. All
these workers were going to be given
the add test���the rock pile���if they
ssked for relief work-
Old Country Action
Del. Moodie, of New Westminster
Carpenters, 'said that workers in
Great Britain were refusing to handle
B. C. lumber because it was turned
out of mills run by Asiatics. Information had also been received to the
effect that transport workers would
refuse to unload it if they were in*
formed of the shipments. He also)
introduced a motion to have the Parliamentary Committee investigate rumors, to the effect that high officials
of the Canadian National Railways
held shares in the C.P.R. and that
was why the C. N. Railways were not
making as much progress as they
otherwise might.  The motion carried.
Mag Men's Work
Two very pretty girls met on the
street and kissed each other rapturously.   Two young men watched the
meeting.   "There's another of those
things that are so unfair," said one.
"What is that?"/aaked his friend.
He pointed to the scene:   "Women
doing men's
NEW YORK.���About 8,000 tenants in the Washington Heights section of the dty went forward with
preparations for a strike against rent
increases.. The tenants, through their
attorney, Harry A. Ely, made it
known that they would refuse to pay
any further increases.
"In Union There
.1 ���!
aad the progress made daring that tiose ha* been largely- due to those
organisations by which every man combine* his powers with those of
hi* fellow being*. Every advance ia civilisation is marked by as*
organisation created to promote some mutual or common interest.
Manufacturera combine to control the prices of material* in the
output of product| working���en combine to maintain a fair price for
their handicraft, aad to protect aad uphold the dignity of laher.
The laher organisation* of the various branch** of the printing
craft are engaged la a straggle today for this vary pat-pose. 'That
offices listed below are distinctly fair to as aad are certainly Worthy
ef year influence and patronage.
I    ' '
Homer Arcade. Foot
I      ������
Sit Broadway East.
SSt Cambia Street.
118t Howe Street.
500 Beatty Street.    *
���1ST Dunsmuir Street.
1686 Kingaw.y.
129 Hastings Street Weat.
Rear, 523 Granville Street.
426 Homer Street.
North Vancouver.
500 Beatty Street. ��
North Vance
Ubor Hall, Sit Pander W.
6SS Seymour Street.
1S7 Pander Street.
31S Homer Street.
Keep This List For Reference
Allied Printing Trades of Vancouver
Shortly after the signing of the
armistice, the daily papers, magazines
and Other mediums of- publicity gave
much space and attention to the
'American Plan" of running industry.
The instigators of this "American
Plan" were the loeal ami national
Financial, Commercial and Industrial
Magnates' Association in the United
States, and similar bodies in Canada
and other countries.
However, the name "Slavery Plan"
would be much mere appropriate, .for
involved in the ''-plan" is long hours,
low wages, miserable working conditions-and an absolute denial to the
workers of any voice a* to the conditions under which they shall work,
thus forcing them a few degrees
deeper into "wage slavery."
"Open Shop** Oa Railroads
Most of the railroad employees did
not .--IC-Tii themselves much about
this "American Plan" np till quite
recently, because no great attempt
had been made to impose the plan
upon them until the early part of this
year, although the workers hi the
steel, textile and other industries had
been compelled to submit to its obnoxious and vicious results. But all
doubt was removed from the minds of
the railroad employees, as to whether
or not an attempt would be made to
force them to swallow the "bitter
pill" when Colonel Atterbury, of the
Pennsylvania Railroad, appeared before the U. S. Railroad Labor Board
early in the year, and as the official
mouthpiece of the Association of
Chief Executives, demanded the immediate abrogation of the "National
Agreements" aad that the roads be
permitted to reduce wages, stating
that if same was not done, most of
the reads were faced with insolvency.
taker Board Decisions "
While the Labor Board did not concede the demands of the railroads at
once; they-have, however, since then
in several decision-, gone a long way
to meet the wishes of the railroads.
Decision No. lit, then 147, which
provided for the general reduction in
wages, and a few weeks back, Decision No. 822, which among other
things, stops the payment of time and
one-half for Sundays and Holidays,
to shopmen in the States, who are employed in train inspection, millwrights
and running repair work. Bat the
wording of the Decision is so vague,
that it could be so interpreted, that
many other classes of shopmen could
be requested to work under tbe same
Abolish Time aad Half
The oldest shopmen cannot recall
the time, when many of the roads in
the two countries did not pay time
and one-half for Sundays and holidays for the above service. Many of
the most important rules, which have
not been agreed to by the various
committees and the respective managements, are still before the Labor
Board for their decision, and as .the
past action of the Board will no doubt
indicate what we can expect from
them in th* nature of decisions on the
many important issues still in dispute, makes of the situation a serious
one.'' '.._���.���������
Nation-wide Strike
In fact those who are officially and
otherwise connected with' the labor
organisations involved, have come to
the conclusion that the only thing that
Will'meet the serious situation is a
nation-wide general strike. We are
now advising our members to prepare
for same, by laying in a supply of
household necessities, etc
With that object in view, the railway employees' department decided
on sn educational and publicity campaign, requested and secured the assignment of seven field men from
each affiliated organisation, "and
b were divided into twenty-two
different craws and assigned to that
many sections of the U. S. whh Instructions to visit every railroad
centre of any consequence, and place
before the man in mass meetings the
situation confronting them, outlining
in detail the programme and line of
procedure of the department
O.B.U. Not to Be Found
P. C. Huybrecht, of the Machinist
organisation, along with the writer,
was assigned to the district which included St. Paul, Minneapolis, Duluth
and other railroad centres through
the State of Minnesota, North and
South Dakota and Montana, and
which included many places where the
One Big Union had from time to
time claimed to have made much
Several days Were spent with the
rest of tiie men who participated in
tins .campaign, while the same was
being organised in Chicago, and
these men, who in the course of their
travels, visit every railroad centre in
the United States, informed the
writer that aside from an insignifcant
unit in Chicago, the O.B.U. was non-
existant   on   the   railroads   ta   the
United States, aad with the exception
of where another teieesionitt movement had got a foothold on the P.
A R. in the northwestern section of
the United States and another on a
small aection of the Southern Pacific,
the shopmen -for practical purposes
were 100 per cent International, and
all of the twenty-three places where
the writer spoke, with the exception
of Proctor, Minn., yon had to be a
member of your respective International Union or the men would refuse
to work with you.
They Have Helped the
Some contrast to the railroad employees ia Winnipeg, Calgary and
other points in Western Canada,
where the men themselves through
the medium of the One Big Union secessionist movement have done, what
the railroad managers had never,
able to force upon them, and that
was to establish the "wide open shop,"
so much so that the most notorious
"scab*' under the son can now go to
work in the railroad shops in the
places mentioned, aad feel quite secure from aay molestation, and
where no doubt the largest group
have not assisted in anyway in maintaining any organization for months,
bat have on the other hand by' their
action or non-action, assisted the employers to create the situation whereby it will be assy to apply the "American I-lan." Fortunate indeed are
the railroad employees, that they are
not in the same deplorable condition
in Eastern Canada and the United
States as they are ia many places in
Western Canada.
AB Worker. For Strike
Without exception the writer met.
with the opinion from sectionman to
locomotive engineer, that if a strike
takes place, it should be a nationwide-general strike of sll railroad employees, a% they were all getting hit
with the same club. It is almost impossible for any other kind of a
strike to take place under the present
circumstances, as every railroad employee is up against the same proposition, aad every group either has,
or is, voting by overwhelming major-,
ities to strike, if necessary, to secure
a satisfactory adjustment of the situation. Taken all in all, the situation
waa never as favorable for a successful general strike in the history of
the railroads of the two countries
ar present.
Ode obstacle in, the way of this
move in so far as the employees
themselves sn ���responsible, is the
back-biting, villifying and disrupting
"secessionist" movements, which, regardless of their sincerity of purpose,
etc., always serve the interest of the
employer, by disorganising the workers and dividing them into openly
these movements, the rest of the rail-
hostile groups. However, in spite of
road employees have sufficient power
to meet the situation.
IXeaTiion Special
-i hi j,ii��     ji Jii{ ��! "ii      TWa i hi t j j ��� j ii.j in
.     ...    "___.*"     ���-!'���- ��ffPt/*\ff1f>���'".    ,        ',     -'������������   ���*���'���' *��ffff,(aa,j
'   '
;���. a*'" I
'i .
10 Copies a Week for Two Months
60 Copies a Week for Two Months
100 Copies a Week for Two Months
v  '
100 Copies Sent to One Address ....___. 	
200 Copies Sent to One Address
Labor Men, Educate Your
Special Rates to Sub. Hustlers
��� ���>.  ��<
In a recent issue of the Literary
Digest there was quoted from the
Milwaukee Leader, under the heading
"Unite and Conquer," the following
advice: "It is of great importance
that tbe fanners and the wage-earners should pull together. They'both
work for their living. Their larger
Interests are identical. If there are
any details in Which these interests
are antagonistic, these should be adjusted. ... Big business thoroughly
understands the importance of the
ntf-tim "divide and conquer." It has
followed that policy for years���dividing its enemies���leading them to
fight one another, while it robbed
both of
The Chicago For Workers' Union,
Loeal No. 46, am back on their Jobs,
victorious, after a strike of short
duration. The'itrike waa called Sep*
tember 1, when the bosses insisted on '
a $10 cut in wages per week from all
minimum scales. Soon after the strike
was called a majority of the independent shops settled with the union. But
the association of fur manufacturers
were determined to establish the open
In the settlement, the manufacturers withdrew all demands and
agreed to renew the previous agreement and continue it to July 15.1922.
This extends it to the beginning of
When a lady who was "burning up
the road" on the boulevard .was overtaken by a traffic officer and motioned to stop, she indignantly asked:
"What do you want with me?"
"Yon were running forty miles an
hour," answered the officer. *���
-"Forty miles an hour? Why, officer, I haven't been out an hoar," said
the lady.     -
"Go ahead," said the officer, "that
is a new one on me."���Pittsburg Dispatch.
None of That
Just recently a girl wss married to
a man whose name happened to be
Nunn.       /
On hearing of the wedding a friend
remarked to the bridegroom:
'���You're a poor* sort of a chap,"
"Why?" was the reply.
"Because when you took your wife
into the,church she had a name; when
she came out she had none."
Don't forgot that the Labor News
can do jrour printing job*.
Dignified and Appropriate
tai n 11 m 111 n 111 m i n i n i n n 1111: i: i r; 1111111111111 j 1111 t i: 111111 j 111 i : 11111111111 j 11 t 11��
Forty���ocrau Bhsheliiaatcit employed aa box-makers at the Chicago stockyards have had fingers, hands or armgi
cut off UntiOgh ignorant or cerelasp
of the machines by
in the two weeks the
boxmakers' strike has
doctors in the yards district are re*i
ported to be doing a
That's what our
customers get.
Our customers will find our prices as
reasonable as our product is good.
Whether a big or little order���
We Guaranfee Satisfaction
in industrial accidents.


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