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The British Columbia Labor News Aug 5, 1921

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w. /
Issued Everv Friday
> Devoted to the interests of the International Labor Movement
[Subscription: $2.00 Per Yea
5c Per Copy
Volume I.
Vancouver, B. C, Friday, August 5th, 1921
Number 2
1    COAST
Canadian Government Ship Gets
In Dutch With Its Non-
Union Crew-
Management   Causes  Strike   By
Cutting Wages Of Skilled
The Canadian Exporter, which left
Vancouver last Friday night with a non.
union crew, landed on the sands of
Wallapa Bar and is a complete wreck.
She carried tvif> million feet of lumber
and 250 tons of general merchandise,
all of which is reported lost.
She was the first of the Canadian
Government Merchant Marine ships to
leave this port with a non-union rrcw.
The officials tried various means to get
a crew together last week, but the pick
ets and union officials were always on
the job, with the result that the ship
was finally forced to sail with unqualified seamen and firemen.
After a conference last week between
union and C. G .M. M. officials, gen
cral superintendent Kcely wired the
general manager at Montreal and received a reply to the effect that the man
agement would stand pat on the $60 a
month scale and considered It good
wages. After attempting to get men
from returned soldier organizations and
the S. C. R. Employment section by
making alleged untrue statements, the
ship sailed with the above results.
Glasgow, Scotland.- The new President of the National Union of Railway-
men is John Marchbank. a goods guard
at ScotstonjL West, and Secretary of
the Glasgow No. ���! Branch of the N.U.R.
He joined the railway service as a porter at Bcattock twenty years ago. but
his physique and freshness arc still suggestive of the earlier days when he was
a shepherd in his native country of
Dumfriesshire, his birth nlace being
LamhfoOt, in the Parish of Kirkmicha.-l.
He is an industrial unionist who holds
firmly that only by organisation of the
workers through industrial groups can
the Trade Unions develop their full cf-
. XicUucy, as a fighting machine, cither
-      I
in aggtessfbn or in defence.
i New York.���Following close upon the
announced wage cut of 10 per cent, to
be instituted by the Intcrhorough Rapid
Transit Company came the 'definite
statement by the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company that it would reduce the
wages of its employes about 10 per ccir.
on August 5. A similar pay cut was
announced by the Brooklyn City Railways Company. About 13.000 men arc
affected, 5.000 of them being employed
on the various surface lines of the
company. Both companies announced
that their employes had accepted the
The company  '.mion  was  established
Powerful Industrial Union May
Result New A. F. of L.
Denver, Col. ��� The internal strife
which has retarded the development of
the International Assentation of Oil
Field, Gas Well and Refinery Workers
of America, chartered as an interna
tional union by the American Federation of Lalior at St. Paul in 1918, is re
garded as having ended, as a result of
a convention that was held here and an
election of officers, supervised by Frank
Morrison,   ''secretary,"   and     William
the  federa-
Green,  a  vice-president of
R. H. Stkkel is president'and John
I.. Coulter secretary treasurer of the in
tcrnational. It is expected that a powerful industrial union similar to that of
the United Mine Workers of America
will eventually lie formed that can successfully contend with the oil interests.
At present the union has 17,000 members. This is considered remarkable.
since the union has been organized only
three years and has been injured by a
quarrel between two groups known as
the Jacobs and the Stickcl factions.
London.���Disposal of Japan's
surplus population la the most
aerlotia problem confronting the
Washington disarmament con
ference. Frank A. Vanderlip.
American financier, told the
United Press. He says "Japan
la faced with the necessity of
finding an outlet for her population which is increasing by 700.
000 annually."
The United State* is contemplating drastic atepa against receiving them, but what wiU Canada do?
New   York   Steamer   Passengers
Have Thrilling Time On
Long Journey
Successfully Fought Meat Trust
Crew Refused To Take Orders
And Damaged All Parts
Of Ship
New York.���According to cable dispatches from Inly, passengers on the
American steamer Pocahontas will long
remember their voyage from this city
te Naples. The thrilling tale would have
a fitting climax if it stated that the
vessel was completely manned by strikebreakers, recruited by the sea service
bureau of the United States shipping
On leaving New York the strikebreakers in the engine room had trouble
with the machinery, and the vessel was
forced to put into Boston, where she-
collided with a pier. Starting across the
Atlantic, she drifted in mid-ocean for
days in an effort to repair the machinery, finally landing at the Azores,
where the engines were patched up.
Naples vvas reached after 43 days at
Cables irom Italy state that the crew
was insubordinate and that the engine
room was halt-tilled with water, which
caused the ship to list, bringing additional terror  to  the  passengers.
All the dining room spoons were
stolen, ashes were discovered in the dy
namo. the rudder was disabled, and
fresh water spigeits opened. On one oc
casion two port holes were opened and
the inru-hing water destroyed a large
quantity of supplies.
This portion of the ship's daily report indicates the trials of the officers
with this "free and independent" crew.
"Jure 14.���All the boiler pumps stopped and all fires but one are out. Water
I continues to  flood  the    engine    room.
'���(Alfred   B.   Pablo   placed   in   irons   for
j refusing to obey orders, and I-ouis Pcr-
wath. oiler, impri*mcd  for abandoning
hi< post."
The ship's record is a continuous
story of incapacity, insubordination and
destruction on the part of the strikebreakers, but the cables make no mention of the conditions under which the
crew was shipped.
��� :o:	
Building Trades Council Of Read
iner, Pa., Go Into
British  Building Guilds
House Shortage
for  real
The Vancouver local of Bridge.
Structural and Ornamental Ironworkers
has opened   its   charter   for   reinforced
by the B. R. T. after the. unsuccessful
strike conducted by the union two years
Seattle���The   Matthael   Bread  Com
pany.   leader   in   the   "American   plan"
fight cut its  non-union  bakers' pay  a
dollar a day and is laying some of their,
off this week because of poor trade.
New York.���The City of New York,
which recently discharged without hearing several hundred street cleaners on
the pretext that they failed to report
for work on a Sunday morning last
winter to clean away snow, now is facing a suit for $5,000,000 for back pay oi
street cleaners.
Strike News
There is no change in the strike situation of the local printing trades which
has been in effect since May 2. Pickets
arc quite active and succeed every once
in a while in withdrawing a non-union
man from unfair shops and preventing
others from working at the place.
Encouraging reports arc being received from other parts of the jurisdiction. During July settlements were
reached, either partly or wholly, in 32
local unions throughout Canada.
- No change in situation. Stettler Ciga-
Co. still producing non-union made
cigars from its plant here and id Kingston, Ontario.
Leckie's Shoe Company has not reconsidered its decision regarding a reduction in wages to go into effect August 15.
' The strike of the, sailors of the
United States and Canada has been
ended by referendum. Official notification was received Saturday by Mr. R.
Townsend, secretary of the Vancouver
Branch of the Sailors' Union of the
Pacific. 'The strike has been in force
since May 1.
While Premier
Melbourne, August I. ��� Hon. Thomas
Jbscph Ryan, former Premier of
Queensland, and lately acting leader of
the Labor Party in the Feelcral House.
died of pneumonia contracted while I iron workers. Mechanics following this
campaigning for the Labor candidate for ��� line of work are urged to get in touch
the House of Representatives in the;with Roy Massecnr. Room 310 Labor
Mauora by-election.
As Premier of Queensland, Mr. Ryan
successfully established the Queensland
State Butcher Shops and sold meat
cheap to the people. In doing this he
came into conflict with the large British and American meat combines who
bitterly fought any encroachment upon
their profits. The legal battles in connection with establishment of the state
butcher shops won for Mr. Ryan a great
reputation as lawyer for he successfully
appealed to the Privy Council in four
cases affecting the anti-meat combir.-."
legislation passed by the Labor. Government of Queensland.
During the recent Federal election in
Australia Mr. Ryan was campaign manager for the Labor Party. He was a
powerful speaker against Conscription
during the Australian Conscription campaigns.
45,000 Miners
Refuse Cut
Will Deprive Workers And Their
Families Of Minimum
(By Federated Press) ,
Oklahoma City.���Representatives of
about 45,000 organized miners in Texas.
Arkansas.' Oklahoma. Kansas and Mis
souri���comprising districts 21. 14 and
25���have flatly refused to accept wage
reductions. Conferences between union
heads and operators' representatives in
Fort Worth, Texas, and Kansas City.
Mo., have adjourned sine die without
reaching any agreement.
It is the miners' contention that the
wage reductions demanded by operators
will deprive workmen and their families
cf even a minimum subsistence and that
the labor costs in mining are so low
that no reduction in the price of coal to
the consumer will, be affected. The
miners were fortified in their attitude
bythe refusal of operators to agree to
work the mines for longer periods than
has heretofore been the case. Two,
three and four-day working weeks have
become; too customary for the miners
to subsist on even at the present scale.
 1 :o:���������������
An organization meeting of Auto mechanics will be held in the Labor Hall.
Wednesday. August 17, at 2J0 pjn. for
night men and 8 p.m. for day men.
-���i :o:-���:���!	
In Australia Labor is very wroth at
the re-signing of the Japanese Treaty,
and judging from the Labor Press Acre
is going to be difficulty in getting Australians to sing "God Save the Mikado'*
during the next war.
Hall. The local has made a special initiation fee of $5 for men following this
Grim    Death    Stalks    Through
Southern American
The report of the- public health author
iues of the United States of the widespread prevalence of pellagra    in   the
cotton belt of the South calls attention
to a chronic condition of semi-starva
tion that exists among many thousands
of poo rfarmers in that region.    It is
estimated that   100.000 cases exist and
that 10.000 have died, this being admit
ted as a conservative estimate.
"Whatever the cause of the disease
deficiency of diet is what gives it a hold
in any community." Surgeon General
Cumming is quoted as saying. "Thousands of these people are undernourished
today, due to their inability to pay for
adequate food. They live mostly on sah
pork, corn, molasses and rice. A more
balanced ration is out of reach of their
purse because of their failure to market the cotton crop."
After waiting many years
estate speculators, contractors and benevolent landlords to provide sufficient
houses for workers, the Building Trades
Council of Reading. Pennsylvania, has
formed a Home-builders' Co-operative
Association to remedy the shortage of
5.000 houses in that community. The
first building operations of the Association began three weeks ago with the
construction of eight model homes adjoining the West Reading. Co-operative
Association's store. The houses are 16x45
feet, with three rooms" and kitchen
down stairs and three rooms and bath
on the second floor. They -have front
and rear porches, large back yards (the
lots are 108 feet deep) and an 8-foot
space between houses. These model
homes cost only slightly more than $2,-
000, effecting a saving of nearly 50 per
cent, under the usual speculative price
for .such houses. Needless to say, they
were all sold before the cellar excavations were completed.
Home at Coat
By the organization of the Homc-
buildcrs', Co-operative Association, the
Reading Building Trades Council not
only insures steady employment under
ideal working conditions to the members of the Building Trades of that city,
but it also enables the workers to get
decent homes at cost.' The necessary
money vvas raised by selling shares nt
$10 each, payable in $1 monthly installments if desired. Five per cent, interest is paid to investors, and this cost of
hiring the necessary capital i< the only
addition to the actual co't of land, labor
and materials used in building these
St. Paul Too
Organized labor in  St.  Paul,  Minnesota, has also    formed   a   co-operative
construction  company,  with  an  auxiliary building and loan association, and
Continued on page two
-��T *���      '��� ��� ��� ���-   ���    .
Vancouver Plumbers' L'nion is arranging for a big picnic to be held in
Mahon Park, North Vancouver, Saturday, August 13. ��� There will be all kinds
of sports for men, women and children, among which will be an athletic
contest between employees and employers. Officers and members of the
local arc looking forward to having the
usual big time.
Mine Superintendent Says
Company Had Armed
By Laurence Todd
Federated Press Staff
Washington.���The coal mining dispute
in Mingo county. West Virginia is under investigation. Superintendent Bailey
evf the Portsmouth Coal Company, a
member of the Operators' Association
ol the Williamson field, testifying before
the senate committee on labor, stated
that he purchased a Browning machine
gun, two bloodhounds and 120 high
power rifles, distributing the rifles
among the employes so that all of the
416 were armed. From this the senators were permitted to draw the deduction that at least 296 men at the mine
already possessed ?uns and ammunition.
He admits that 27 persons have lo*t
their lives in the present dispute.
Meetings Next Week
and place of
Carpentera, Bro.
Iron Workers
Jewelry Workers
Carpenters, Amal.
Locomotive Engineers
Machinists' 692
SM Trades Union Directory
Parliamentary Committee
Sheet Metal Workers
FRIDAY      ;
Milk Wagon Drivers    i    '
Pile Drivers
Stage Employees
Photo Engravers .
Railway Conductors
Soft Drink
King Of Belgium Ratifies Law-
Long Discussion In
Brussels.���The eight-hour day and
48-hour week arc established by law in
this country. In a letter to the ministry
of industry, .labor and food, the King
"I have just ratified the hours of employment act, the result of long discussions in Parliament and of an agreement
for which the chamber and the Senate
have made a praweworthy effort of
conciliation. The eight-hour day has
therefore been won legally. It remains
now to win it from an economic point
of view."
The King urg-'d greater production
on the part of workers?'and new methods
on the part of employers that Belgium
may export to sustain two-thirds of its
population. This country cah only sup
port one-third of its population, the remainder depending on industry and commerce. '���'���'
Chief Of Police Who Was Charged
With Killing Gunman
Felts Is Dead
Peoria, III.���Machinists have secured
a satisfactory adjustment of their strike-
in commercial shops.
C. E. Lively, the West Virginia
detective who killed Sid Hatfield on Monday, killed a miner
some time ago. He recently appeared before a committee of the
U. a Senate, and personally related how, for years, he acted ns
the emissary of Colorado and
West Virginia coal mine owners
in an effort to disrupt the union.
He "killed his man" but his employers were influential enough
to save bia neck so he might continue his nefarious work.
Next week we will publish' bis
story to tbe Senate. It is so full
of cold blooded deeds of infamy
that even tbe Senate committee
turned in disgust.
Two" Big   Unions   Confer   On
.   Policy To Combat
Wage Out
London. Eng.���The farm workers
have closed their ranks in face of the
grave issues with which they arc confronted.
For the first time in their history
members of the National Union of
Agricultural Workers and of the agricultural section- of the Workers' Union
met in joint conference, under the cha'--
manship of Harry Gosling, representing the Parliamentary Committee of
the Trades Union Congress. The business of the conference was to agree upon a policy to resist���
(1) The abolition of the Agricultural Wages Board.
(2) The proposal of the National
Farmers' Union for a reduction of the
minimum wage to a uniform 40s.
The conference also passed a miani
mous resolution pledging the 350,000
members of the two unions to carry on
an intensive propaganda throughout the
country to resist the Government's proposals to abolish'the Wages Board. A
National Joint Committee has been set
up to assist and co-ordinate this work.
��� :o: ���	
Japan Increases
Its Industries
Union Spy Was Too Quick For
Hatfield���15 Union Miners
On Trial
Welch. W. Va.-Sid Hatfield and Ed.
Chambers, two of the principal defendants acquitted in the great murder
trial at Williamson, W- Va., several
months ago, were both shot and killed
just before noon here by C. E. Lively.
The two men were here to face trial.
lor the alleged shooting up of the town
of Mohawk, W. Va. An argument ensued and Hatfield attempted to shoot
Lively, it is claimed, but the latter was
too quick on the draw and beat Hatfield to it.
Detective Lively and four others were
arrested following the shooting.
Welch is county scat of McDowell
county and is the stronghold of the
Baldwin-Felts detective agency, which
provides mine guards for many workings in this parts of the state.
Lively was the Baldwin-Felts "under
cover" man who ran a restaurant for a
long time in Mate wan and acted as a
spy in the meetings of the United Mine.
Workers. He was the principal witness
for the state at the trial in Matewan
and Williamson. Lively is said to have
served a prison term in Colorado for
killing a union  miner.
From the time of the trial at Williamson bad blood had existed between
Hatfield and Lively.
Sid Hatfield was chief of police of
Mohawk, W. V., and was being tried.
along with IS union mine workers, for
ihc killing of Felts of the Baldwin-Pel*.i
detective agency and two other gunmen who were attempting to evict the
families of striking miners for company houses. Hatfield and the union
men were acquitted at th efirst trial
but the mine owners had the case ap
Goods Entering Into Competition
With Those Of Western
Washington.���The industrial development of Japan has lieen extremely rapid
during the last few years,' especially during the period from 1914 to 1920 when,
as a result of its favorable situation, it
greatly strengthened its position in
world commerce and expended its industries, says a report issued by the Far
Eastern division of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce of the
Department of Commerce.
Today Japanese manufactured goods
are entering into competition with
those of the Western industrial nations
in practically all of the markets of the
world, the report declares and continues:
Complete statistics, showing, the extent of this expansion, are not available,
but it is stated that during the period
1914 to 1917 there were started 14,172
new factories, giving employment to
272X100 persons, and in addition 5,498
factories increased their equipment, with
the resulting employment of 169,682 new-
workmen. Inasmuch as the greater part
of the expansion took place after 1917,
it is clear that the increase must have
been very large.5'
_, . ���; *| :o:  -
Berlin (International News Service) ���
A wireless dispatch from Moscow said
that reports of Russia's distress from
plague and famine that are now being
circulated in foreign countries are exaggerated.
Matteawan, W. Va, Aug. 2.���Sid Hatfield, picturesque Cumberland mountain miner, came home today from his
last  battle.
Work in the mines was neglected,
stores,, closed, and mothers and their
l��abc*.'dus*ercd about the rickety little
railroad station here when the body of
the fallen leader arrived from Welch,
where "Smilin'" Sid and his lieutenant,
Ed Chambers,  fell.
There were threats from women and
men alike as thev stood in the dusty
railroad yard while the body of the
leader in the Mingo county mine war.
in a rudely constructed pine coffin, slid
down a plank to the station platform.
Recce Chambers, father of one of the
victims, stirred rilxuit. mingling oaths
and mutter threats. His giant frame
twisted as he glimpsed the body of his
son with a bullet hole in his forehead.
The spirit of feudism flared again in
the breasts of gaunt mountain folk when
they crowded about the two coffins.
Each of the men took a silent oath/to
even the scores against the detectives
and mine owners.
The termination of the fourth week
of the printers' lock-out in Winnipeg
finds the workers' line Unbroken and a
strong determination in every member
to stand firm for the principle which employers seek to violate. ' Reports from
various quarters strengthen the belief
that the ranks of the employers on the
other hand, artificially strengthened as
they have been by Typothetae efforts,
are weakening. It is reported that several plant directorates have quarclled
over the lock-out, and a large addition
to the number of shops signed up is expected daily.      ��
 ������ :o:	
Toronto.���The big strike in the printing industry in Toronto, which started
June 1st, is still an event of considerable importance in the city, although
the newspapers are not giving it much
prominence in the news columns. The
meetings of the striking members of
the Tynographical Union, held in the
Labor Temple every morning, are well
attended, and the music from the splendid orchestra, composed of members of
the organization, adds to the cheerfulness of the gatherings. The weather
recently has been too hot for the dances,
which enlivened proceedings the first
two weeks of the strike.
The strike situation is considered very
favorable from the printers' standpoint.
 1 to: ���_
Philadclphia. ��� The building trades
lockout is practically over, the men accepting a wage cut but defeating the
"open shop" drive.
Omaha. Neb.���Organized labor and
the Non-Partisan League delivered to
asking that the four reactionary bills
the Secretary of State at Lincoln petitions bearing some 90/100 signatures
passed by the last Legislature he referred
to a vote of the people at the next general election. Only 37,000 signatures are
necessary to suspend and refer the bills.
BlBH*^Aft'!'-***lfe-i?--'-!'.^ -
���  '
I . , ' I '
'3 ���'-.���'
* . ,
B. C. Labor News
Official Organ of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council and Affiliated
Control  Committee:  K.   W.   Welsh,  P.
R. Bcngough, and W. J. Barllrtt.
Published every Friday at Labor Hall,
319 Pender Street West
Tcteplio/f.-s Seymour 7495 74%
/Vancouver, B.C.
Second Class mailing privileges applied
I for.
Subscription Bates:
$2.00 per year by mall in Canada
12.50 per year outside Canada
Advertising Bates upon application
h7w7WATTS--   Editor and Manager
in natural resources, to take care of this
problem,  providing  the   forces  affectei
Somehow or other, lalior has adopted
the habit  of   shelving the  Asiatic que,
tion ever since a former British Columbia government,  turned clown   the   dc
mauds  made   upon   it,  on   the  question,
by organized lalxtr.   The situation, how
ever, has become acute at this time, on
account  of  the   vast   minuter  of   uiiiin
ployed and  must  become  more  serious
��<��� time goes on.    \\ It tie* it might lie ad
mitted that the dogmatist, with his high
spun theory and advice not  to mciltllr
with it, because we are competing with
Chinese lalior whether it is in  B.C. or
China, might have some truth to it, th ���
fact   remains  that   Asiatic  labor  makes
greater and greater encroachments upon the jobs and natural resources ol the
provinces, and should lie "meddled with"
by   labor.    Look    where   we    will    today, wc find the Asiatic slowly hut surely taking the place of Canadian labor,
and sooner or later t..,s conuuion of affairs  might  bring  about   a  clash,   such
as recently took place at St. Louis over
Ihc encroachment of colored lalnir upon jobs held by Americans and in California by the deporting    of    Japanese.
No other province in the Dominion feels
the effect  of  this  labor half  as  much
as B.C., and that is probably the reason
why the authorities at Ottawa do not
consider the question    of    importance.
Governments, however, arc always.reluctant over considering questions vital
to'labor, but that is no reason why labor
should give  up hope.  Go  almost  anywhere outside of the cities of Vancouver
and Victoria, and it will be   seen   that
labor has all but lost the battle against
cheap Asiatic  labor,    in the cities wc
find   the  Asiatic   acquiring  the   habits
and jobs not only of common laborers
and mechanics, but   also   positions   of
storekeepers,  contractors and,. various
businesses.   This labor is not only undermining the standard of living of the
Canadian  worker,  but  is  also  tending
to again increase the number of hours
a day labor will he required to work.
Take for instance female labor. While
the law makes it an offence to work
female labor more than eight hours a
day, this works to the aisadvantage of
/ female   labor,  because, employers    can j
and do work Asiatics twelve and more
hours  a  day  .making  it  cneapcr  than
��� female labor, hence  the great  number
ol unemployed among girls and women.
As an example, one of the trades most
affected is that of hotel ami restaurant
work.   In the city of Vancouver out of
just over sixteen nunured employed at
this work, over  700 are Asiatics,  and
this number has only been kept down
by continuous struggle on the part of
the union.   Outside of the city, it's a
regular Asiatic job.    Every ship  from
the Orient brings its quota of camouflaged students and merchants, who ultimately land a Canadian s job, who is
then forced to "go East" to "grow ,up
with the country," or go out    of    the
country.   Drastic action must be taken
at once.   Further immigration into this
province of Asiatics must be   stopped.
And labor must make itself heard on
the subject.   As to hanuiing those who
are already here, the British Alliance
with these nations make it almost impossible to deal with, but a provincial tax
might be placed upon all Asiatics so as
to  force them  to  seek a wage comparable to what a Canadian should receive.   Manufacturers are protected by
a tax against the dumping of articles,
of a similar make, from Asiatic conn
tries-, then it ought to be   possible   to
place the same restrictions upon competitive labor.   As to ways and means of
placing this tax so that it   works" properly, we have a legislative body that
should be capable of adjusting that for
the province, inasmuch as   they   were
elected for such purposes. If they cannot do it then labor should take a hand
nt it.
means of keeping down    the    distress
which faces the workers during the winter mouths.    The province   of    British
'Columbia is Itig enough, and rich enough
co-operate, on the matter. In might be
pointed out here that ft is just as much
the ;iffair of the employed and unemployed worker as it is that of the Ihim
ress element and government, hence
labor should lend its moral support to
the moves now being made in this direction. Our scientific (?) friends 'mj^lit
prefer to wait for a revolution nr a
charitable handout, which of nourse
only tends to aggravate the miseries
and suffering of the masses, and should
l.e shunned by all workers. There is not
the least doubt that unemployment can
he relieved and inasmuch as the industrial activities of the province can be
expanded, if financial hacking can be
secured, both worker and employer
should bend all energy in this direction.
The floating of provincial industrial
bonds, for the purpose of land cjearint;.
road making, street improvements,
housebuilding and financing land settlers, might be made one of the best
means for relieving unemployment and
for the building up of the province.
Anyhow, labor can and must lend its
support and knowledge to the conferences now uuuer way.
We have received congratulations
and appreciations from all quarters upon the first edition of our paper. Wc
will endeavor to continue to make this
beet an interesting anu breezy working
class  publication.
Some British and American Building
Trades Unions have eliminated profits
from the buiiUmg of .kiuscs and given
the industry a boost.
News in Brief
Spokane. Wash,���The superior court
declined to issue an injunction against
the Typo. Union because its members
employed in a commercial plant reftlstd
to do work for other firms that would
not grant the 44-hour week.
Aberdeen. Scotland.���The British and
Irish dock workers' Congress, which
ended   its   session   here   last   week,   sent
I telegrams to Premier Lloyd George
and President of the Irish Republic,
F.amonn De Valera voicing the hope
that   the   negotiations   ntay   result   in   a
! lasting    and   honorable   peace   between
I Ireland ami  Knglaud.
Hank's hired man says: "Old Man
Hill Snooze', who read only the rcspec-
tatiill' papers, tlii.iks we haven't any
kick comiu' now .hat $2 shoes is down
to $X and a farmer kin get enough out
of a calf hide to pay freight."
In Madrid, recently, widespread display of posters, announcing the introduction of infirmity and old age pensions for workers, was received with, rejoicing in labor circles.
The plan includes workers of both
sexes between the ages of 16 and 65
earning less than 4.000 pesetas annually.
Persons reaching the age limit of 65
obtain the right to a minimum pension
of 365 pesetas yearly and a pension of
the same amount can be granted hc-
for the age limit is reached in the
event of infirmity caused by the individual's employment.
The employers, it is provided, must
make contributions toward the cost of
the pension system to the extent of three
pesetas monthly for each worker, the
government one peseta monthly to this
sum for each person.
The contribution of the workers
themselves varies according to the desire of the individual insured, the payment of a higher amount bringing a
higher  pension.
New York, leading city in many respects, also leads in the number of
strikes that took place here during 1920.
according to a report that has just been
compiled by the United States Bureau
of Labor Statistics.. Other cities that
came highest in the list were Chicago,
with 125; Philadelphia, with 57. and
Boston, with 1. The report shows also
that in 1920 there were fewer strikes
than in the Tour preceding years in'the
strike data that the bureau has gathered
which affords a country-wide survey
covering the years 1916 to 1920, inclusive.
A cotton mill at Laurel, Miss., closed
down because employees refused to si^u
a statement renouncing the A. F. of L.
One saw mill ceased operations when
employees declined to accept a 25 per
cent, reduction, which would have been
the fourth cut this year.
The Federateil Trades Council of Sacramento. Cal., has voted to establish a
workers' college. The courses, however,
will not be limited to industrial subjects. They include art. bacteriology,
botany, history, hygiene, law, literature,
psychology and zoology.
More stage people arc treading the
sands and eating hot dogs" this summer
than ever before. They swell the millions of unemployed. Only 16 of New-
York's 60 producing theatres are keeping o|hii house to the public, and most
of these have deleted the matinee performances.
\  dreamer?    Yes a dreamer,
But his dreams are all for you.
He  dreams  the    dreams    that   nations
And nations' dreams come true.
I le    dreams   the   dream's   that   sowers
When the sun and rain assure
A   field of silken tasse-led corn
From seed that must mature.
His  ship is on a sunlit  sea���
A tide that never ebbs.
For country, home and liberty.
Come  vovage on with  l)elis.
- Ellis B. Harris.
Gene Debs is now in Atlanta jail.
Trades Union Directory
I Secretaries an- requested to keep this Directory up-to-date I
Vancouver Unions
MOULDERS, local aai���President; John
Ilrown; Secretary. <Seo. Annund. 1256
Albert Street. Meets at Labour Hail
at  ��  P-m. on  first   and_ third Friday.
******   rJMaax    and    oilers'
J""��* OF B. C���President. Dan Can-
In;   Seretary, O.  T.  Owens.   108  Main
Jin:   Berrrtsry.   W    I��� I.I     ins   Miiin
sm*����ir-ii --   i���         ....    - J?__!2 _�� * !"����� fir��t and third Wednesday.
*v^l?%������t!-?���"c*t^?���*i�����j*=P*��"��� ~a-d DiiH������-mm
ployees,   Local   No.   484���President.
COUNCIL��� President F. W. Welsh;
Secretary. P. Itcnguugh. Office 308
I.:il...r Hall. SIS Pender Street West.
Phone Seymour 7495. Mee-la In Labor
Hall at s p.m. on the first and third
Thursdays   In  month.
St. John.���One��phasc of the recent
dispute between the New Brunswick
Power Company, and its employees
which resulted in llur ebtire staff of
some 275 men ceasing work^thrce flfeks
ago, saw definite developmertT�� when
members of the street I railwaymcn's
union organized the Un^on Bus Company which plans to operate a jitney
service in competition with the power
company's  car   service.
When one man is over-fattened by
luxury another must be starved to that
extent. When one -nin is surfeited with
opportunities there is somewhere another
man whose life is incomplete. I protest
against a society which is so hideously
out of focus. I protest against the
starved lives of the world, the lives
without sunshine���without art. without
music���without travel, without any opportunity to rise above the level of vulgar mediocrity. I want all men and
women to be free, free to develop the
whole heroic 'stature of manhood and
womanhood. I want a complete life iit
every human being, lived in an atmosphere of a fearless liberty."���Franklin
Went worth.
Montreal. Que.���Opposition to all immigration to Canada except that of farm
lalior was put in the form of a resoln
tion the last meeting of the Montreal
Trades and Lalior Council, there being
only one dissenting vote.
Vicuna.���At a profit of 50 per cent..
a declared dividend of 20 per cent..
Fngland is extending financial "assistance" to hraukrupt Austria. This enormous gain was made by English capitalists' who came to the aid of the Danube River freight service.
When  you advertise  in    the
there is no waste circulation.
Unions Build Houses
At Half Bosses' Price
Continued from page* one
Winnipeg.���Strong protest was voic-.d
at the Trades and Labor Council meeting against the Winnipeg School Board
allowing its manual training teachers to
engage in other work during the summer vacation, thereby rutting into the
few jobs available to the regular mechanics.
San Francisco.���H. S. Nelson, building contractor, has caused the arrest
of the president of the local builders'
exchange and other, contractors, who
are charged with conspiracy. Nelson
says that through a "criminal conspiracy
against trade," fostered by the builders'
exchange, he is unable to obtain build
ing material until he agrees to operate
under the anti-union plan, and post a
notice to this effect on his job.
By O'Henry.
As I said before: I dreamed that I
was standing near a crowd of prosperous looking angels, and a policeman
took me by the wing and asked if I
Itelongcd with them.
"Who  are  they?"   I  asked.
"Why', said he. "they are the men
who hired working girls, and paid them
five or six dollars a week to live on.
Are you one of the bunch."
"Not on your immortality," said I.
"I am only the fellow that set fire to an
orphan asylum and murdered a blind
man for 'his pennies."
By Vache! Lindsay
(American   poet)
Not that they starve, but starve
So dreamlessly;
Not. that they sow, but that they
Seldom  reap;
Not that they serve, but have no
Gods to  serve;
Not that they die; but that they
Die like sheep.
"There would be little crime if society
were on the right basis. Crime is mostly the result of ignorance. Educate,
make education easy within the reach
of all and the decrease in malefactors
will be in proportion to the promotion
and spread of sensible instruction. ���
Thomas A- Edison.
O. C. Thom. Secretary, Boy Maasecar,
Office 8!0 Labor Hall. Meet* first and
third Wednesday In month at Labor Hall.
BAKERY SAT.TO8sK��r"L��cal S'o. 371 ���
President. H. Curtis; Secretary. W.
j: ��� v ii.-s. 321 Kloventh Avenue Kust
Meets at 319 Pender- Street West on
second Sunday of each month at 8 p.m.
���OFT DRINK WORKERS���President.
F. P. U/ugti: Secretary. W. ,H. McLean. 2035 Broadway West. Meets
at 319 Pender Street West at s p.m.
every  third   Tuesday  in month.
No.   110���President. C.   E.    Her-
A.     It.     Jennie.     320
Meets   Room   313.  319
at   7; 15   p.m.    on
"Capital is not���never was, the friend
of labor; and from its nature and constitution, never ran be. Capital is the
wolf, Labor the lamb.���Lord Beacons-
rett:  Secretary
i'amino Street.
Pender Street   West,
second and fourllyTuesdaya In month.
blacksmiths, drop rOKOSRS    S
lamai, Local No. m���President.
W. J. Harriett; Secretary. T. Mcllugh.
16t�� Sixth Avenue West. Meeta at
319 Pender Street West at 8 p.m. on
third Tuesday of each month.
President.   It    Lynn:     Secretary.      A.
Fraser.   I;    303.   319   Pender  8treet
West. Meets at 319 Pender Street
West, at 8 p.m. on first and third
Mondsys   of each  month.
Local No. 505 ��� President, Thoe.
Andley: Secretary, Tom Cory. 445
Vernon lirlve. Meets at 319 Pender
Street West at 8 p.m. on first Tuesday
In month.
KERBS'���President. 'Hniiwt Wilde;
Secretary, Wm. 8. Pagnell. Box 53,
Vancouver. Meets at 319 Pender St..
on second and fourth Wednesdays In
Month. ���	
bridoe. aTTMpcrrumAX ft obeasIBK-
���President, B. Rronson: Secretary,
Hoy Massecar. 319 Pender Street West.
Meets at 319 Ponder Street Weat. at
8  p.m.  every  Monday.
.T. Smith; Secretary, P. Showier, 319
Pender Sireet West. Meets at 319
Pender Street West a* 8 p.m. on second  and   fourth   Fridays   In   month.
HANGERS, Local No. 138���Secretary,
L. Amos 14 H Cordova Street. Meets
at 148 Cordova Street, nt 8 p.m. on
second and fourth Thursdays In month.
DOCK BUILDERS. I.oral No. 2404 ���
President, W. H. Pollard; Secretary,
N. H. Vernon, Box 320. Meets at 319
Pender Street West, Vancouver, at 8
p.m. on second and fourth Fridays of
Local 105���President.
Geo. Mowat; Secretary, Prank Milne.
Pox 411. Meets at 319 Pender Street
Weat at 8 p.m. every third Wednesday
In month.
CIVIC EMPLOTBH. Local No. 28���
President. J. White: Secretary, O.
Harrison. Office 148 Cordova Street
West. Meeta at 148 Cordova Street
West at 8 p.m. on the flrat and third
KTklay  in month.
59���President. H. A. Black: Secretary,
Aid. W. J. Serlbben. City Hall. Meets
at 148 Cordova Street West, at 8 p.m.
on  first  Wednesday of each   month.
. Local
452���President Geo. H. Hardy; Secretary, W. J. Johnston; Business
Agent, a. c. Thom. Office 304 Labor
Hall. Meeta second and fourth Monday at 8 p.m. In Labor Hall.
PKOTO XHOBAVHBS' Local No. 54 ���
President. F. Looney: Secretary, Cordon Edwards, 2723 Fifth Avenuo West.
Meets att  World   Hull.linn,   Vancouver,
_at_8_p.m. on_8aturday of eachweek.
Iiocal No, 89���President. Charles Keall,
Secretary, Alfred Hurry. 84)1 Thirty-
fourth Avenue Ksst. Meets at 311
Pender Street West, at 8 p.m. on first
Wednesday  In  month.
PATTERN MAKERS���Preside**, 5?
Heys; Secretary, J. L. Irvine; Business Agent, H A. Goddard. 858
Hlchards Street. Meets nt 319 Pender
Street West, on first and third Monday  In  month  at  8  p.m.	
Local No. 170���President, Bert Slirshconte;
Serretary. ,1. Orowther; Business Agent,
V \V. Welsh, Office 301 Labor Hall.
Meets at .119 Prml. r Stir. I Went, at 8
p.m.  on second and fourth Fridays.
No. 12���President. Boy A. Perry; 8��c-
retsry, Alexander Murray, 1484 Tenth
Avenue West. Meets at 440 Pender
Street West, at 7:30 p.m. on fourth
Tuesday of month.
Chairman. W. J. Bartlott Secretary, Mrs.
J. Mahon meets la room SOB Labor Hall
on  the  second  sad  fourth  Thursday  In
 month at 9 p.m.	
POSTAX WOMKKBft���Presldentrr). J.
McCarthy: Secretary, O. B. James,
134 8 Odium I Hive.    Meets, at 440. Pen
der  8treet  West.  Vancouver,
p.m. oh last Friday In month.
at 7:30
Local No. 89���President, 8. W. Myers;
Secretary, K. B. Stephenson, Box 894.
Meets at 112 Hastings Street. Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on second Tuesday In
59���President. A. N. Lowes; Secretary,
Charles Bird, 2030 Union Street.
Meets at I.O.O.F Hall. 515 Hamilton
Street, at 8 p.m. on first Monday In
No.  2847���President T. 8. Coope;  8ec-
. retary.   F.    L   Barratt,   2517  Nanalmo
Street West at 8 p.m, on second   and
fourth Tuesdays of each month.
CIOABBIAKKRS, Local No. 357���President. <J. Thomas; Secretary. R. J.
Craig. a#Kootenay Street. Meets at
3t9 Pender Street West, at 8 p.m. on
flrat Tuesday In month.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS.   Local   113  -
President. D. W. McDougall; Secretary,
I'. It Burrows: Business Agent, KIT.
Morrison,' Office 440 Pender Street'
West. Meets at 440 Pender Street
West at 8   p.m.  every Monday.
New York.���Typographical Union Nt.
6, known as "Big Six," has ratified an
aRrcemcnt with the Newspaper Pub-1
Ushers' Association here by which existing wages and hours arc continued
without change.
Between the activities of   the   Vancouver Economic    Council.    Attorney-
General Farris. anj the Department of
T "bur at Ottawa, it is    quite  probable
.   that something definite will be done to
relieve the unemployment situation,   in
the very near future.   These forces arc
Nrirtging together the business and it-
-"anejal interests of die   province   and
etnintry and. in conjunction with labor,
��ill at least attempt to devise ways and
is already on the job building homes for
workers. Several of the strongest labor
organizations of that city have taken
their money out of the banks and invested it with safety and profit in this cooperative enterprise.
We believe that these are but the
pioneer steps in a co-operative building
campaign to remedy the shameful shortage of houses which the land speculators and building profiteers have created
in every large city of the country. Cooperative home building renders a twofold service; it makes a normal, wholesome home life possible for thousands
of families now congested in one or two
rooms, for which an exorbitant rental
is often extorted; and it provides steady
and satisfactory employment to the
workers in the building trades under
their own management and control. Cooperative home-building is not a new
or rash experiment.
British Solve Problem
The British Building Trades workers have successfully solved the home-
building problem for several large municipalities, contracting to build as many
as 8,000 homes at one time. Private
speculative homebuilding has so signally
failed in these cities that the municipality agrees to provide the money and
the land, and the labor unions contract
to furnish the labor, purchase the materials, and take full charge of construction. In addition, various local co-operative homebuilding associations are
erecting houses throughout England.
Many of these houses arc furnished
completely with co-operative products,
including furniture, paint and hardware
turned out by the big co-operative factories of the British Co-operative
Wholesale Society. Italian co-operatives report similar achievements, and
in Switzerland a whole village is being
built co-operatively. ��� Western Labor
New York.���Thirty-five local unions
of Brooklyn have adopted a resolution
calling upon the entral Trades and Labor
ouncil to advise with the American Federation of Labor for the purpose of impeaching judges who abuse their authority by issuing injunctions against
Labor and thereby "seek to create class
distinction or class war."
Denver.���The local street car company has rewarded its "free and independents" by slashing wages. These employees broke the recent strike of street
car men who resisted wage cuts.
St. Louis.���The offices of the Bridge
and Structural Ir-m Workers' International Assoiation have been moved to
this city from Indianapolis.
The British Miners' Federation wanted thirty millions from the Government
to steady the crash-down of wages; the
Government would go no further than
ten millions. To save that twenty millions in between, it is estimated that 250
millions has been expended or lost.
"Liberty is not a means to a higher
political end. It is itself the highest
political end.���Lord Lyttlcton.
"To argue against apy breach of
liberty from the ill use that may he
made of it. is to argue against liberty
it!��lf���since all is capabta of being
abused.���Lord Acton.
"It is difficult to free fools from the
chains they revere."���Voltaire.
I sincrcly believe that banking establishments are more dangerous than
standing armies; and that the principle
of spending money to be paid by posterity, under the name of funding, is
but swindling futurity on a large scale.
���Thomas Jefferson.
rati FIGHTERS. Local No. 18��� President. Percy Trevlse: Secretary. Chas.
A. Waitson. No. 3 Fire Hall. Twelfth
and Quebec Streets. Vancouver. Meets
at 319 Pender Street West.
887���President, O. W. Hatch; Secretary
J. B. Phvslek 1156 Tliurlow Street.
Meets wt I.O.O.F. Hall on first Sunday
at 2 p.m.. and on third Thursday at
8 p.m.
RAILWAY TKAIKBtRK,   Local   No.   144
���President.   C.   A.   Mitchell; -Secretary.
D. A.  Miinro. 70 Seventh Avenue West.
Meeta at I.O.O.F Hall. Hamilton Street
at 7:30 p.m. on first Tuesday and 2:30
p.m.on third Tuesday.
BBTAXL    OUan    Loci!     No     179^
President. A. P. Olen; Secretary, Q.
T. Brown, 3119 Twenty-seventh Ave*.
West. Meets at 319 Pender Street
West at 8 p.m. on first and third
OARBfEKT   WORKERS,   Local   No.   160
 President. Mrs. W.  Mahon: Secretary.
Ada Hawks worth. 3S16 Fleming Street.
Meexs  at   Labour Hall  at  6  p.m.    on
first Thursday In month.
Local No. 28���President, J. Cummlngs:
Secretary. J. W. van Hook. 441 Seymour
Street. Meets at 441 Seymour Street
at 2:30 p.m.' on second and 8:30 p.m
on fourth Wednesdays In month.
JBWBXIjKBT WOBtllij Local No.
42���President. J. E. Dawson, Secretary,
K. T. Kelly. 18S0 Hastings Street Hast.
Meets second and fourth Mondays In
month.   319 Pender Street.
Local No. 107���President. A. B. Ftnly.
Secretary.   A.  P.  Surges.    829    Fifty
seventh   Avenue East.    Meets at   31 r,
Holden Building. Vancouver, at   8 p.m
on first and   third  Fridays In fgjBtti
Local No. 44���President. H. J. Ithodes; Secretary. H. Walker. 1008 Pendrell Street. Meets at
Room 809, 319 Pender Street Weat. at
8 n.m. on third Wednesday in month
Liberty, freedom, and independence
are royal things that cannot be presented to, nor thrust upon, races or classes.
If races and classes cannot rise up by
their strength of brain and brawn,
wrest from the world liberty, freedom
and independence, they never in time
can come to these royal possessions, and
if such royal things are kindly presented
to them by superior individuals on silver platters they will know not what to
do with them, will fail to make nse of
them, and will be what they have al-
wavs been in the past���inferior races
and inferior classes.���Jack, London.
"Trade unions are the bulwarks of
modern democracies."���W. E. Gladstone.
In a new restaurant for French mem
hers of parliament, placards    on    the
walls request members of the house not
to flirt with the waitresses.
Miss Bjinks says that in her opinion
some preachers would be a heap more
popular if their sermons were only as
broad as they were long.
A press dispatch from Riga announces
that the soviet government will release
American prisoners now held by the
socict authorities on tJu^onditions laid
down in a note from Secretary of Commerce Hoover, wherein Secretary
Hoover said the American goverrment
could not aid in relieving famine conditions in Russia while Americans are
heU prisoners.
 '��� rO: ������   ���
Get on top of your business. Da not
let it get on top of you.
v   .    ���
"In England. . . . for a generation the. working man has been underpaid and underfed.''���John Drinkwater.
LOCOMOTIVE EKOnrEEBS, Brotherhood of. Division No. 320���President,
A. K. Sullaway: Secretary. H. E. Ferguson. 2127 Second Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall on
second and fourth Tuesdays In month
at  8 n.m.
OU1BM, Local No. 856���President.
T. MeEwen: Secretary. H. O. Campbell
"44 Helmcken Street. Vancouver.
Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall, on first and
third Tuesdays of each month.
Local No. 38-52���Secretary-Treasurer.
F. Chapman; Business Agent. B.
Richards. 1S2 Cordova Street West
Meats at ltl Cordova Street West, at
8 p.m.. on first and third Fridays In
President. C. Braxlnton: Secretary,
Fred Walsh. Ill Hastings Street W.
Meeta at 311 Haetlngs Street West at
6- P-m. on alternate nights weekly.
"Capital is the fruit of labor, ' and
could not exist if labor had not first
existed. Labor, therefore, deserves
much the higher consideration.'' ���
Abraham Lincoln.
"I  look to the trade unions as  the
principal means for benefiting the condition of the working classes."���Thor-
old Rogers.    (Prof, of Political Earn
omy, University of Oxford).
Mr. Ivens is now in Alberta and contemplates coming to British Columbia
in September. His tniterary is via
Lethbridge and Crows Nest Pass, then
through Okanagan Valley. Meetings
are being arranged at a number of
points and the F. L. P. committee have
arrangements in hand for two or three
Sunday meetings'in Vancouver. He will
also visit Vancouver Island points later.
    . ���
_   . . Local
No. tit���President. W. McCartney.
110 London Building: Secretary. O.W.
Sax ted. 310 London Building. Meets
at  310 London Building on first Sun-
day In month at 7:30 p.m.	
tAT_rTsTMAMOE-01��-WAT _UWr01aTiS,
Local  No. 1CT���President. A.  Osborne
Secretary.   A. D. McDonald.   891  Pender Street   West.    Vancouver.   Meets
at ��� D.m. on third Thursday In month.
SOCXATIOM���President C. F. C. Craig;
Secretary. Geo. Gray, 1638 First Ave.
East. Meets at Eagles' Hall, Vancouver at 2:30 p.m. on first and third
Sundays In month.	
TBAMSTEBS. Local No. 855���President, W.
M. Brown; Secretary, llirt Showier. Of fire
SOD LaboT Hall. Meets second and fourth
Wednesday at  8  p.m.  in  Labor Hall.
syBAHTavBTB' JTElOM���nuslneBB Agent, ft.
Townsend. Meets at 7 p.m. every
Monday at 1'63 Cordova Street West
No. 678���President, Frank McCann.
Secretary. T. J. Hanafln, 2378 Sixth
Avenue West, Vanenuver. Meets at
441 Seymour Street, Vancouver, at 2:30
p.m. on first Sunday  In month.
luteal No. '820���President. Joseph
Weelman. Meets at 319 Pentjer St.,
W. Vancouver, at 7:30 p.m. on second
*n<* fourth Tuesdays In month,	
Ferrle Secretary, H. J. Hartmire Bnsl-
nesa Agent, A. J. Crawford. Office. 311
Labor Hall. Meats second and fourth
Thursday at ��� p.m. la Labor Hall.
. Local Wo. BBWPresident. W.
Hay ley: Secretary, A. Blrnla, 2631
Commercial Drive. Meets at 119 Pender Street West at 8 p.m. on second
Monday In month.	
sTJaisjW ft igigfBig marxwAT em.
PLOYEBS Or AMERICA, Amalgamated Association of. Division No. 101���
President. R. Rlgby: Secretary, F. E.
c.rlffln, 447 Sixth Avenue East, Vancouver. Meets A.O.F. Hall. Mount
Pleasant at 10:15 a.m. on first Monday _and 7 p.m. on  third  Monday.
BTOBTB CUTTE���. Local 162���President. C. Dolmaa; Secretary, F. Rumble,
196 Gothard Street. Meets In Labor
Hall Vancouver at 8 p.m. first Tuesday In month.     _	
OPBBATOBB ��� Leeal 77
Secretary. Miss F. foacroft
!������ Labor Hall, Sit Pend.r
' UEIOE, Local No. 1TB���President, R. A. Lawson, 1053 Seymour
Street: Secretary C. McDonald, P. O.
Box SOS. Meets at 319 Pander Street
West, at S p.m. on first Monday In
���WBAnBOii, Ld>cal 226���President
C. H. Collier; Secretary and Business
��*?���&.?��� N. Neelands; Office 314 La-
borHall. Meeta last Sunday In each
month at I p.m.
BS9 IBS���President, W.
J. Clark; Secretary. J. G. Keefe: Business Agent. P. Bengough: Office 31*
Pender Street West. Meets at SIS
Pender Street Wst at 8 p.m. on second
and fourth Thursday.	
RTSOOS-UBE. Local No. 14S���President.
Bowver; Secretary A Jamleson. 308
London Building. Meeta at Moose
Hall. Homer Street, at IS a.m. on
second Sunday In month.
LodgS 4MB���President. J
H. Robb; Secretary, Evan McMillan:
Business Agent, P. Bengough; Of fire
319 Pender Street West. Meets at
Labour Hall at S p.m. on second and
fourth Tuesday.
A Minnesota town which in 1918
diagged out the fire hose to use on a
farmers' meeting, has just offered a farmers' paper special inducements to locate there. Town business men are
icalizing how the politicians have been
deceiving; them.        ..!
Local 118���president W. J. Park: Secretary. O. W. Allln: Business Agent,
Meets at 308 London Building at 9:30
a.m. on second Friday In month.
Provincial Unions^
VICTOmiA���President, C, SleverU, 1738
Denman Street: Secretary B. Woodward, 12S3 Carlin Street. Meeta at 8
p.m. on first and third Wednesdays
In month at Trades Hall. Broad Street
-President, g. d.
McDonald. Prince Rupert; Secretary.
O. Waddell. Box 452, Prince Rtapert.
Meets at Carpenters' Hall on second
and fourth Tuesdays of each month.
�����President   J. Lotman. Nelson;
Secretary. Felix Pexeril, Box 624 N��l-
.__     _, -President    lames    Ma-
tM^_ Bevelstoke; Secretary. PhlHp
Parker. Box 334. Revelstok*. Meeta
at 8 p.m. at City Hall. Revelstoke, on
the second and fourth Saturday of
���acli month.
���        1���President  H.
Knudsen, 60S Bora] Avenue; Secretary,
R Morgan. SI 3 Heglna Street New
Westminster. Meets second and fourth
Wednesdays In month at Labour
Temple.  New  Westminster.
E *'���������"������! '.V.V!
���"'��� .' "',   ':
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. ' '
��� ���
In thenc col uteris tl^ert* will 1ms printed, every |wee)c thu
hmdinir editoriuU from other newspaper, ami magazines     S i
" . �� f$      Seattle���Minnie   I.ukkerala,  43,   who
aimiimilUI��llllinilllllMim��llll��MI��l��milll��lllllll��l��l��||||||||||||��M����l��lllllltt||i:,, |���,-n sleeping on park benches and
Tin- two following stories appeared in
the press within the past wok.
If Japan's pro-run for attending the
VVashinKt'ni r'onfcrrqre it correctly st-
forlh in rablf di��i��atrhes from Tokio it
is a very r!r\<r iMne she will play. It"
tbt- "open door" iseto be the text for
F;tr Kastcrn questions, Japanese im
periali-m proposes that the principle
shall apply all around. It propos.s f.
al'ilish extra territoriality, withdrawal
o: foreign powers from control oi
riiinesc Government aervircs and Mir
render of all "spheres of influence" in
that country.
But in addition to tl
this idea of tlie "ojxmi door'' in China,
Jafipn is said to insist on racial <<|iialu.
In all Other coiMitrn This means th��-
"open door" for Japanese immigration,
and if pressed .it the conference by the
Japanese delegates it will produce an
embarrassing sitmtion for her imperialist rivals. Japan pressed this, demand at
the Paris peace conference and in ord.T
to anpease her the holy diplomats turn
of life, liberty and pursuit of happiness
They thought the individual IjAd a right
to happiness; and vet in tl/s late day
millions of our fellow-ritizene are denied the most fundamental thing in
liappir.t ss the  economic  security of
ilhiir little homt-s.��� Seattle Union kecord
Iirittsh labor is raking a course in
icotiotnics, tt<- art- (,,lil i,y the managing
news editor of that journal of imperial
piety, the Wall Street Journal, who
application ot , writes irom Londo.i. "Britain's place in
the sun," we read, "may l��e retained for
a time at least if her workers decide
on one of. two things: lower wages or
greater output. But to insure permanence Ixith principles must lie brought
into play���more work and less pay.
Otherwise Britain's sun has set; her
red son  for existence passed."
"This is the "course in economics" the
British worker is taking and the author
ed Shantung over for Japanese looting.
Aside from this international logro'l
ing it should he noted that the imperial!-t
diplomats deal with China as though
she were a piece of real estate put up
bv gamblers as stakes in a poker game.
Thev talk of the disposal of Chinese
territory. Chinese law. Chinese institutions and the Chinese themselves without reference to what the Chinese may
think of it. The diplomatc sharps would
consider it a piece of insolence if the
ripresentatves of another power wcr?
to speak of the nation each represents
as  they all  speak of  China.
Unwittingly this verbal duel-between
the great imperialist powers regarding
the status of China in the Washington
conference offers an excellent example
of their attitude toward the weaker na
tions of the world ���New York Call.
From 'The Irish People."
The Federation of British Industries
is responsible for the report that mil
lions of dollars worth of contracts are
already lost to Germany and that the
process is continuous. Germany is
again pushing England out of the foreign business and according to the capit
alist wise-acres the cause of Germany's
commercial success is the low value of
the German mark in world exchange
After the trouble England went to in
"freeing" Palestine from the Turks, the
German drummers went in there and
took $600,000 worth of contracts away
from the British. The only thing for the
English capitalists to do now is to go
to war again and get licked. Victories
are rather costly luxuries as.not alone
Entente capitalists havc_discovred but
the legless and armless soldiers and
sailors who got the Entcnt capitalists into their present predicament by defeating the wily Germans. It seems evident
"now that the German surrender was another Hun plot to capture the commerce
of the world and "goose-step" their
way to world-domination. Who won
the war?
Threats, opposition and powerful antagonism, influence diffemt men in
different ways��� some J��re cowed, and
others are stimulated and made more
determined to hold their ground. The
very best which is in many men is never
brought to the surface until they encounter determined opposition. What is
true of individuals is as true of organizations. When the tide turns and flows
against us there is nothing to fear so
much as���fear. It is not the conditions
which exist so much as the possibility
lh.it men will become fearful, lose their
initiative, fail to properly measure the
opposition, and for these reasons fail to
keep their heads. Men who keep their
heads as well as their courage cannot
be defeated.���Molders' Journal.
f "One half of the world doesn't allow
how the other half gets along," runs an
old 'proverb.   And it is especially true
concludes that 4ie will get the lesson
'through thar'<)nrtion of his anatomy
which perhaps teaches him most quickly
-his stomach." As a t< xt in the theo-
] logy of steel and securities this is very
charming and is  worth  further notice.
It will I* observed that "Britain's
place in the sun" is at stake and if it is
lo gain that coveted place the British
workers must accept "more work and
less pay." Whose "Britain" docs the
writer have'in mind? Xot the workers'
-Britain, for they certainly have no
place in the miii if they arc to produce
more and get less.. It must lie somebody eNe's Britain that he has in mind.
The only conclusion wc can draw is
that the writer has in mind the Britain
of the banker-, capitalists and invest
ors. They are to have this place in th-.-
sun and the workers are to provide it
for them and the workers are to provide
it for them by "more work and less
pay." even if it is necessary to teach
the latter this program through their
"stomachs." The ruling classes of Britain are entitled to a place in the sun.
while the masses of workers are to
count themselves gloriously favored
when ordered to increase their output
of commodities and reduce their own
Please observe that this program for
the British working class does not differ from the program assigned for the
American working class by our 100 per
centers. It is "100 per cent. Americanism" and holds just as much charm for
British exploiters as it does for French.
German and American despoilers of
labor. It is an international creed of
the same class in all countries, a creed
that is to be taught through the "stomach."
We are happy to present this "spiritual" creed before our readers and hapoy
that the organ of steel and securities
piety has enabled us to bring it to the
attention of our readers. What do vou
hink of the holy faith?���New York Call.
porches of dwellings for the last three
ni-,lits because she did not have funds
Willi which lo procure lodging and
meals, is being cared for at the city jail.
Sin- was found at the Oilman dock by
Police-woman S. A. Hunsickcr.
Wm-ouver, Wash,-Mr. and Mrs. (.'.
S. Simmons, the married couple who
iMiic into town Tuesday morning on th.'
"blind baggage" of an Oregon Wash
iiik'toti passenger train from Ccntralia,
and who later were picked up by the
police lor eating at a local restatiran'
without paying, were given the alternative of leaving town in one hour or
serving 10 days in the county jail.
Washington. How the superintendent
of the Burnwell Coal Company mine at
Sprigg. W. Va., planned and carried out
a sham battle in which he pretended that
striking coal miners were firing upon
the mine, in order to bring hack Federal
soldiers to the neighborhood, was re
cited under oath before the Senate committee investigating the Mingo County
coal strikr in the second session of its
investigation here.
Late Leader Of British Women
Workers Will Have Name
Kept Green
To perpetuate the memory of Mary
Macarthur, the late leader of the British
women workers, it is proposed by the
women of Great Britain, according to an
announcement made by the International Congress of Working Women in
Washington, that a fund he set aside
to provide scholarships for the education
nil training of some of the many women
who wish to serve the trade union
movement, and to endow beds in a hospital or convalescent home for women.
Il is felt that the aim of the memorial should be ttt equip women of her
own spirit to serve humanity as she
served it and'succor women who are
in condition of illness and pain.
J. R. Clyncs, the English parliamentary labor leader, is the honorary treasurer. Miss Margaret Bondfield. Mary
Macarthur's successor, Arthur Henderson, and J. H. Thomas arc on the committee, together with several other men
and women prominent in British Labor
and feminist movements.
In Woman's Realm
Food to Revive Energy f
In America some 10,000 growers of
raisins have combined to issue advertisements giving recipes for various forms
of raisin food. ,
Their arguments are good; raisins,
they say, furnish an enormous amount
of energising nutriment per pound. They
are 7? per cent, pure fruit sugar in prac-
tcally prc-digested form, so the nutriment  of   raisin  pie  is  almost  immedi
ately assimilated, and raisins as a food   ing
raisin cakes, with the juice of a lemon
added, and frozen raisin pudding are
amongst my favourites. As for an open
apple lart, I think ihe best I ever make
arc made with slices of hard apples, over
which raisins are strewed. A raisin chocolate pic is made with flour, chocolate
(melted), margarine, chopped raisins,
sugar, and a pinch of salt. Egg powder,
and vanilla extract also go to the mak-
In all lands the government claims the
monopoly of murder, arson, robbery,
blackmail, and mayhem, and is singularly jealous of its prerogative. Our own
government has just added a curious
sort of variant to the list in the form
of a monopoly of character defamation. Wc refer to the publication of the
slacker  list.
According to the press, the government did not publish it until it had set
itself above the law by getting an opinion from the Attorney General that errot
in the process was not actionable. It
sc-ms a rather cowardly business, characteristically so indeed; and one does
not envy those who have the administration of such a dirty task. ��� The
(N. Y.) Freeman.
n the settlement of the British miners
strike,  the government has  sanctioned
a wage subsidy agreement for ��10.000,-
of a time of depression like the present, fooo,  which  will  stand until  December
Those on the  farm who have some  jj   1922. and will then be terminable on
���.mwm.     I..T*     ��A     ���-.��������      **���>     ill,.,..,     ..."     a.*     ��*M-   I     ��� .a       ��� -" _���  f>.	
margin left to run or those of us cm-
ployed by others who have a job can
not realize the vast amount of suffer
ing. mental and physical, in the United
States today. There is gloom in the
United States today. There is gloom
in many thousands of farm homes
throughout the Northwest. And hi our
great centers over 5.000.000. mostly
breadwinners for wife, children or old
folks unable to find any work.
Obligations on the farm, which man
and wife have worked so hard to dear
for years that - they might give the
children a fair start and be secure in
old age. cannot be met because of the
disastrous fall in prices. Any minute the
sheriff may knock at the door. No one
who has not suffered similarly can picture the mental torture and despair such
a farm home is going through. Or who
Can picture what a workingman and his
wife feel when little children cry for
food and there is none, or who know
that next week there will be none.
And-hardly less intense, if less important humanly speaking, is the mental anguish of hundreds of thousands
of people running small business concerns, caught between monopolists and
consumers, unable to buy and not knowing whether tomorrow may not end their
Two things about the matter fill us
with surprise; the great capacity of our
common people for suffering and the
inability of so many of them to see that
monopoly control of industry makes
\these periods of great suffering inevitable every three or four years. The war
did not cause our present condition. It
simply made the depression a little
Our courageous forbears who Wrote
the Declaration of Independence wrote
three 'months' notice thereafter.
A new principle of profit-sharing on
a national basis has been established by
the British miners in their settlement
of the prolonged strike. By the terms
agreed upon, the owners will forego
profits for three months. Afterwards,
to meet general costs, the owners will
take seventeen pounds sterling to every
hundred paid as standard wages and
the balance as profits to be divided in
the proportion of seventeen pounds'
sterling in every hundred to the owners
and eighty-three to the workers.
Wages are assured at 20 per cent
above the 1914 standard National and
district boards will be established to adjust wage matters.   ,-. j
��������������� :o:	
t/enver. Colo.���Warfare against injunctions, "until the intolerable practice
is abolished" was proclaimed by the
American Federation of Labor in convention. Labor declared its intention to
redouble its efforts to end "the judicial
tyranny of injunctions."
quickly  revive  spent  energy.
Their chief' recipes are for filling of
pastry pies, and as a sauce. The sauce
that they recommend is made of a pint
of raisins, three'uiartcrs of a pint of
I..tiling water, half a pint of sugar, four
tablespoonfuls of corn flower, the juice
of one lemon and one orange, together
with a little grated rind, and half a pint
of chopped walnut.
Raisin  Salad
A raisin recipe which has stood mc
in good stead is one for a salad. Wash
and soak over night a half pint of raisins, bring to the boil, drain, cool, and
mix with an equal amount of chopped
celery, and with one chopped apple.
Serve as a'salad, with a dash of salt, a
dash of cayenne pepper, and a tablespoon of lemon juice. Serve on a bed
of lettuce, and use mayonnaise dressing
if liked.
Raisin   brown   bread,    raisin    kisses,
Tapioca, rice, and raisins, make another tasty pudding. Soak two table-
spoonfuls of tapioca, and add to a quart
of milk two tablespoon fuls of rice, three
of sugar, four of raisins, and a half
teaspoon fill of salt. Bake slowly, never
letting a skin or crust form on top of
the pudding. Stir every time that this is
likely to happen.
Raisins really are worth the money
we pay for them for the reason the
growers give���they arc without waste,
save in their ston-s, and arc made by-
nature in the most digestible form possible. They are tissue-formers as well
as energy givers, so the woman who
wants to add to her weight should give
them special attention. Beans, olives,
spinach, and raisins are the four best
foods for stimulating and helping digestion. In some other respects figs
and prunes can rank with them.
A. S.
Women in Public Office
The preudice against Women in public affairs is passing as it becomes realised that local government administra
lion is the domestic work of the community, and that efficient local government primarily affects its myriad
ratepayers in their homes. Woman pays
the rates, yet woman is more conspicuous by her absence than by her presence
in the legislative and adminitrativc assemblies of Great Britain.
In municipal and county affairs the
question of the hour���one might say of
the age���is housing. This, it is recognised, has become for the health author
ity a constructive, and not merely a
regulative problem. The acquirement
first of capital, then of land, of town
planning and other planning, have become civic functions even under a national government of merchant princes
and a civic government of shopkeepers and professional "private enter-
prise" promoters. Consequently, the
site, situation, and conveniences of the
dwellings to be erected have become a
matter of public concern. And who
should know these so well as she who
has to make them not only her home
for most of the twenty-four hours of
the day, but her workshop and the place
of such social entertainment as she is
able to command? And who should
have more to do, administratively, with
the determination of rent considerations
than the Chancellor of the Exchequer
of the home?
The following places are run under
non-union conditions and are therefore
unfair to organized labor..
Stettler Cigar Factory, malting Van Loo
and Van Dyke Cigars.
King's Cafe. 212 Carroll St.     .
Capitol Cafe. 930 Granville St
White Lunches.
Electrical Contractors.
C H. Peterson. 1814 Pandora St
Hume & Rumble. Columbia St., New
Westminster. B.C.
The Chilliwack Electric Co, Ltd, Chilli wade B.C.
The care of the public health, meaning by that the general health of all private persons in the community, and in
particular of those whose health is precarious or definitely defective, or specially indispensable���i.e., chiefly the very
young, and the very old and the chief
breadwinner���is in private life the chief
charge of the wife and mother, and In
nublic the supreme law of the State.
Who. then, can more suitably be placed
upon Public Health Committees than
she who has graduated in the school of
family experience, provided that she
has also the aptitude for public office?
So long as the present competitive
system lasts there will be with us the
"poor." consisting of persons who arc
unable for one reason or another to
maintain themselves by their own labou'.
and who have no one available to maintain them but the community as represented in the parish council institutions
of the country. Such persons as (a)
sick poor, (b) casuals and vagrants,
(c) orphans or deserted children, and
fdl mental defectives and others, are
necessarily a charge upon the parish
r:.tes until the State reorganises its machinery for such purposes. The administration of charity, individual and organised, falls today mainly to the care
of woman. Who can be better qualified than woman to administer public
authorities dealing with  this land  cf
work, particularly so as a majority of
the recipients of public aid arc women
and children?
In education matters, beside, the fact
that those on whose behalf the public
service is organised are all children, a
majority of the servants of the community in this connection���the teaching
staff���are of the feminine sex.
The ordinary mother may know little
or nothing of academic affairs, but the
progress in intelligence of her children
(luring the crucial years in which she is
a dominant figure in their lives, shapes
their characters, and character-forming
is the most vital part of education���is
perhaps the supreme interest of her life.
Moreover, she, more intimately than anv
other, prepares them for their schooling, and is supremely interested in its
results as bearing upon their success in
after life. \
Though lacking the wider opportunities in knowledge of public affairs
which men more generally have, woman
is. as a rule, more practical in her eye
for detail; and, given due encouragement and opportunity for public administration, would mdoubtedly excel in
educational administration, as experience already has abundantly demonstrated. Mutual benefit cannot but result alike to the teacher and to the
man administrator in education affairs
from the collaboration of the informed
mother. This opportunity has been recognised in the statute of 1918, though
little has been done to make it effective
in tlrc provision of school management
committees. But the county education
authority fs the place for woman's influence in education administration, and
is relatively accessible today to the working-class woman, whose expenses in such
work are now provided for under statute. Were it only for the administration of the powers given the education
authority under the 1908 and subsequent
Acts to feed, clothe, medically examine
treat, and equip children in order to ensure a "sound mind in a sound body."
there is more than sufficient reason for
the election by the public or the more
responsible type of working woman to
exercise full influence and give the
benefits of her experience on educational boards.-1-The Woman's Outlook.
��� :o: _
Copenhagen.���About 10,000 agricultural Workers are on strike in Denmark
as a result of the wage reductions of
13 ore per hdttr (three cents). The position of agriculture has undergone a
change since pre-war times, reduced
productivity being the outcome of intensive culture during the war. Land owners turn to the workers to recoup their
losses and proceed with wage cuts.
Building workers are going on strike
in sympathy and the harbor and metal
workers are also threatening to join.
3W��H-.,l|il!!|i:TJlE^I;, j,
Buy Union-Made Goods
��T The |x��rson who domainls th��* Label wields more
^*�� influence than the man or woman who strikes.
There is no Substitute for ti^e Union Label
HSS*i Of America  J&r \
[ comnMT __a_da_a__j__g_HB na I
Quality Circulation���Buying Power
The manager of this paper would be
pleased to talk business with YOU.
-, .
- '       �����_���������
K   ~*
Our contemporary world is becoming (iron
an uneasy habitation ior idealists, and
for the second time in history fhe apparent failure of great efforts of revolutionary  construction is driving many
to the refuge of cynicism or dreams One |
thinks of  lla/litt'*  phrase    about    the j
French Revolution���"the only match that
and both   with
transport. The
Socialist may detest the reactionary
pohtirs of this personage, resent nis
heavy hand wiu. ..-> workers, and grudge
him his personal wealth. But the
Socialist sees also very clcarh that Hcrr
Stinne* ��urrecds by applying some of
his own principles. He wipes out com
ever took place between ^h&isophv and 'petition. He destroys the social and
experience." TTig. failure, first of Mr economic system of nineteenth-century
Wilson and then of Lenin, is bound to! indmdualism even more successfully
leave its mark upon us all "'Waking than Lenin. He stands towards Socialism
from the trance of theory, we bear the;a- Julius Caesar stood towards Roman
words Truth, Reason, Virtue. Liberty.I Ilemoerary. It is monstrous that such
with the same indifference or contempt power should he in one man's will, and
that a cynic who has married a jilt or j yet the autocracy is preferable to the
a termagant listens   to   rhapsodies   of j chaotic, unrelated, competing  oligarchy
Miners Patience
Is Exhausted
lovers." Neither failure, it may be, is
absolute. The French Revolution, for
that matter, was never so dead as Haz-
litt and his depected contemporaries
supposed. It left behind a peasant
ownership in France and the Code Napoleon, and in due time it withered tne
lives of the Restoration. The League of
Nations may play a modest part even in
our time, and may be destined to a
glorious resurrection. The Russian
Revolution is at present in full retreat.
but it /may in stubborn rearguard actions
save some of its positions. None the less,
the broad fart for emotion is that the
���wo big constructive efforts of otir time
have failed tor the present in their main
purpose.    The League does not prevent
which had governed these great indus
trial provinces before him. Herr Stinnes
shows Capitalism at its height, apparently thriving as it never lie fore had
thriven in the old world. And yet one
feels that the transition from this last
phase to socialized industry would be
comparatively easy.
With such a phenomenon in front of
us. we are inclined to think that the ideal
i*ts.  who took  only  at  the  apparently-
hopeless posture of politics, may be des
pairing too early of the solution of their
.problem. The inexorable economic pro
cess  of   the  concentration  of   industry
doe-s go on, very much  as  Marx predicted.   What else  is  the  issue  in  the
present coal struggle? Here is an indus-
war, and the Soviets have brought bark j try   badly behind the age. both techni
private capital.    The two failures may
not be unconnected.    A modern Sparta
cist, who holds that capitalism is    the
cause of war. may not generalize more
correctly than  the ancient, who would
have  blamed  slavery-       But  capitalism
seems to give to force and acquisitive
calls and in its organization, and faced
with calamity because its organization
is out of date. What it wants is precisely a Stinnes or a Rhondda. The miners arc really battling to force it into
some form of amalgamation. It has long
ceased to be competitive to any degree
West  Virginia Union Will Try
To Impeach Governor
Of State
Cannelton. W. Va.���A) a mass meeting
of five miners' unions at this place, oi
ficers of the district miners' union were
called upon to "start tome machinery"
whereby the impeachment of Governor
Morgan could be secured. The resolu
tion declares:
The patience of law-abiding and
'loyal citizens is now exhausted���we
have been "marking time." hoping that
with the advent of Mr. Morgan into
the gubernatorial chair, with the assist
ance of all the newly-elected officials
of the state, that the inherited laws
from the old days in Europe when
"Saxon and Norman" earls administered justice direct with knotted clubs.
cleavers and swords, would be substi
tuted by the bill of rights and the
Constitution of the I'nited States, enjoyed by citizens in all other States of
the Union.
The mountain -high evidence against
Cossack lawlessness in this state is increased by an affidavit by Tishon Pro
tect. who runs a small grocery store near
Williamson. W. V*. He sold supplies
to striking miners, living in a tent colony, near the mouth of Lick Creek, and
one night was raided by state police and
A Few Smiles
Said the Judge���Are you a Communist or an  Industrialist ?
Said the Prisoner���Neither. 1 am 'a
"Say. Moike, an' did yea know
has tli" noomonia?"
"Oi did not. Sure an* where th'
did he get it"-"
"Worrukiu" in an 'open  shop.' "
__X"ounsel for the Defense (to client
who has been dozing during the verdict)���Wake up and get out. You're
The Accused���Lor' lummc. Wat!  Not
The head of a coal firm, irritated beyond endurance at a driver's blunder,
told the man to go to the office and get
his pay and not come back.
"You are so confounded thick-headed
you can't learn anything," he shouted.
"Hegorra," answered the driver, "I
learned one thing since I bin with you."
"What's  that ?" snapped  the boss.
"That sivinteen hundred pounds make
a ton."
Dignified and Appropriate
A city man grew tired of unemploy-
arrrsted. He was taken'to this'place and I sylvania farmer. At 4 o'clock in the
confined in the city jail with more than ' mc"t and hired himself out to a Penn-
morning   the   newly     employed     hired
hand  was called  lo breakfast.    A   few
ness their"moderni  shape, as  feudalism I,ha *""��*�� l""*'" ,he consumer.      He
and slavery did in earlier ages.   As one  ha> now everything to gam trom some
watches the conflicts of today over coal
and oil. each with its syndicated interest in the background, one realizes that
the failure to abolish war may be merely-
one aspect of the failure to solve the
problem of the control and ownership
of the means of life.   The Peace which
really effective form of unification. Tho
miners ask for it in a particular shape
that would benefit them���the pool for
wages. But this would soon ease, or
even compel, a much closer syndication.
The conversatism of the owners and the
helpless    opportunism    of    Mr.    Lloyd
, (ieorge may frustrate at this moment -
revealed economic Imper.a ism as the, constrom,. M.lt,cnlrn,. TV d.|av -rin
one victor, stated this problem ol capi
tal in international terms,   even    more
clearly than the war.
Nowhere in Europe, outside.oi Ru��
sia. has the attempt been made in earnest to deal with this problem. For s����m.���
month-, in (iermany and Central Europe
i--: make the trend to unification less
j inevitable, and the only Question is
- whether it will pass through a trust
j phase, qualified by some form of State
'control, or whether one day the mines
: will be nationalized at a  stroke.
So far from allowing    tlje    apparent
two score ol oth~r persons and kept
there for four days "in a��room affording merely standing room and without
beds or chairs and denied communication  with .friends and  relatives."
At the end of the four days he was
discharged without any charge heinu
made against him.
��� -o:	
Benevolence (?) is utilized in boost
ing  the  dividends and   charitable
organizations make profits.
Chinese employers are looking assiduously for the foreign agitators who
arc stirring up 'rouble and strife in
the Flowery Kingdom by inciting a
general strike among Chinese workmen.
They would do w.-ll to forget about that
bogey of employers, the "foreign agita-
lor." and face^heir industrial conditions
honestlv.���Seattle Union Record.
hopes ran high.   The Press poured forth | failure   0f   faK   constructive   eliorts   10
pamphlets  which discussed innumerable j ,J(prrs* our energies, we ought rather to
schemes.    Some jf them seemed  leasi-   Mj_t-  jhc  interval  of  political  helpless-
blc.    The capitalist class wa- deeply in  j IKS<   to   think  out   the   unsolved   prob
volved in the unpopularity of the fallen i|<n)s 0f control and management.   There
Empire;  its hangers-on deserted it; itsji^  m;:��h to be learned from the disap-
vote at the polls was at  first  insignifi    pointing  results of the  Russian experi-
cant.      For some time    the    unofficial! menv'   Tbe sharpest  lesson of  all. we I UNIONS   GET   DECISION
Workers' Councils, which sprang up in j should sav. is the follv of attempting a       _ . .
every town, seemed .to be the most fiv-  violent revolution from below, until the      Chicago-Railroad
ing organizations of"the Republic.   Th ��� | "intellectuals" of industry-, or a fair pro j victory
socialization of the coal-mines,    on    a jptrtion of them, feel at least a friendly   State
promising, unbureaucraticaschcme. which ! interest in the problem of the democra-
divided control  among  consumers  and j tic control of industry, as the workers
the State, as well as the workers and the ; see   it.    If the technical  staffs  of  the
technical staffs seemed on the eve of  coal-mines, or at least the younger oi
adoption, and its enforcement was definitely promised after the Kapp affair.
Ministers worked out schemes for tbe
control of capital, which would have
yielded something like the mixed Iran
sitional regime on which Lenin has fal
len back.
Very little, beyond the formation of
statutory Works* Councils, ha* come of
all these plans. The Socialist parties, involved in their brotherly squabbles, lo-:
the moment when their opponents were
wrak. The Left wasted its strength in
futile revolutions: the 'Moderates were
absorbed'in enforcing order, and. meanwhile, the Alllies by their severities
"helped to revive nationalism and capitalism together. The impulse to constructive change is now so feeble that ._
barely works at all, and Germany, facing
a generation of hard work at the bidding of the victors, prefers to organize
it by the methods which acted efficiently
in the past- She seems to feel that the
times are not qMite bad enough tor a
desperate gamble, yet much too grave
for risky experiments. The fate o. ��.us-
sia has warned her   against    unlnnited
them, ft-It tbe same generous ambition
for self-government which moves the
abler of the younger miners, the nationalization of the mines would present few
difficulties. The chief obstacle is not
���he clinging of a mere handful of own-
jcrs to power and profit, it is the fact
that everywhere the class cleavage
ranges the better-educated employee
against the manual worker. The Guild
spirit, which presupposes solidarity for
the sake of the common work between
architect and mason, must to our thinking precede the formal Guild structure
of industry- The problem, as wc set-
it. is much more one of power than of
wages. The addition which even a well-
run nationalized concern could make to
wages, after it had eliminated the owners profit, is small���too small by far to
be worth the struggles and the civil,
wars which it may cause.
The real evil is not the mere inequality of wealth between the few employers
and the many employed. It is the tremendous, irresponsible power over the
daily lives of men and the destinies of
nations which this unequal wealth be
stows���the power to govern or tnisgov
unions   gained   a
by  the  decision  of   the  Unit.'d
railroad  labor hoard    that    the
roads must treat with unions exclusively in forming new working agreements.
The rase arose over a petition of the
Pennsylvania lines, which asked that it
lit allowed to hold conferences with
employes who were popularly clect.'J
instead of with the regular representatives of the unions.
In railroad circles the decision is considered a victory for the shop in the
rail  industry.
New York.���The questions of wage
redutions and working conditions were
taken up at a conference here between
heads of the four big railroad brotherhoods, the , Switchmen's I'nion and a
committe oi the association of railroad executives.
The meeting requested by the brotherhoods is said to have been asked to
"clearly place the railroads on record
as to whether they will request further
decreases in wages and the elimination
of time and one-half  for overtime."
minutes later the farmer was astonished to sec the man walking off down the
"Say! Come back and eat your breakfast 'fore you go to work!" he yelled
afte rhim.
"1 ain't going to work," the man called
back. ."I'm gAin' to find a place where
I can stay all night."
A gentleman was walking along a
country lane one day when he was
startled to see a man's head appear
above the dirty water in the ditch.
"Why. Pat," he exclaimed, "What arc
you doing there?"
The Irishman smiled sheepishly.
"Well, sir, being tired of this life, 1 am
trying to drown inesilf'"
"But why, then, do you keep putting
your head out of the water for?"
"Shore, now." replied Pat, "1 have to
keep coming up lo get my breath!"
Kansas City, Mo.���A noise somewhat
similar to thai produced by a saw when
it rips through wood drifted toward
the bench from the middle of Judge
John Kennedy's municipal court-room.
"Who's so musical in my court ?"
thundered the judge.
"It's Policeman J. Htidgins sleeping," |
several  other patrolmen  volunteered.     I
"What arc you'doing here?" Judge'
Kennedy asked the negro policeman at"- I
ter he was awakened.
"I'm here to prosecute Miss Hazel
Edwards," Hudgins stated.
"What's the charge?" the city prosecutor demanded.
"She was slcepin' on a bench in the
city park," Hudgins replied, rubbing
his eyes.
"Help!" shouted Judge Kennedy.
Miss Edwards, a negress, was released.
. so;	
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customers get.
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reasonable  as our product is good.
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The British Columbia
Labor News
Telephone Seymour 7495
319 Pender Street West
Vienna.���The new constitution of the
kingdoms of the Serbs, Croats, Slo
vencs was accepted June 29 by the Parliament at Belgrade by a narrow major
ity. It automatically establishes one of
the most vicious anti-labor laws ever
passed by any state. Tbe law only
awaits the signature of the regent to lie-
come effective.
Every hour wc refused to stop to
think means two future hours in, which
to   regret.
Get   the   happy  habit   of   patronizing
our advertisers.
Schoolteachers in the state schools of
Queensland carry the union card. Their
onion numbers 4,200 members. The profession is 100 per cent, unionized. The
Lalior government of New South Wales
inade it plain that as teachers were, ser->
rants of a government that believed in
<rade unions, they would have to be
unionists or get other jobs. The Queensland government has done the same
thing with other industries tinder its
control���such as railways, state-owned
enterprises and utilities.
__,     ���.__.._..  J__.���_   ..... r_���.. .��� p. ... _.--
revolution, ano the evolutionary' school Lern a jtreat industry, the power to fix
is partly engaged in tbe warfare of the thinking of a people by controlling
cliques, and partly at>sorl<d in coping Jits Press, the power at one or two re-
with the crises which Paris stages with move* to mobolize armies or fleets in
restless  frequency. j some dispute to  fix the ownership of
Xor is the impotence of those whj,a coalfield or an oilfield. That power,
should have prepared the gradual stolu-,be it thevunintelligent oligarchy of our
tion the only reason for this failur- j industries or the able autocracy' of a
Capital gives from time to time a proof j Stinnes, is as much an offence against
of its power which even its enemies 'be personality of the scientific and
must call relatively benefidem. Herr! managerial staff, as it fs a limitation of
Stinnes, is, we suppose, at once the',BC humanity of the' manual worker.
ablest and the most unpopular rcpresen-= Both are ��ook- Bo,h �������� *���* stimulus
tative of his class. But a single one o
his many schemes serves to show that
the world owes him something. For
three years all manner of well-meaning,
people, including tbe highest officials
of the Allies, have been drawing up
schemes for the restoration of Austria.
Nothing happened. The decay took its
of working at a social task for the com
man good.  Indeed W is probably    the
more educated worker who is the more
sadly hampered of the two in his full
In one way or another, fast or slowly,
the ccooomic battle for the conquest
of power is going on. and though the set
Suddenly it struck Herr Stinnes I l?ck in ���"* ******* *_ revo,n
that it .would suit him to buy the iron PES Z5rj��fi?K' SJT "?
-;���.. .*��. hi... t r clL!?:   ��� ��� ��ro���� *>*��� inevitable evolution. Even in
this country wc may reckon fin spite
of the Government's ill-will) the encour
mines and Mast furnaces of Styria. The
ore is of unusually good quality, and
the workmen are skilful. But there
was no coal available. Not all the efforts
of diplomacy had ever managed to supply enough to keep more than one of
its four or six furnaces going, and that
intermittently. Herr Stinnes owns a
great part of the ��� Ruhr. He bought the
Styrian concerns, and "presently the
trainloads of coke began to arrive
punctually and in due measure; one after
another the abandoned furnaces were
rekindled, and now one reads that the
steel in its turn is reviving the derelict
machine shops of Vienna and Wiener
Neustadt. which used to supply tbe agriculture of the Balkans.
We do not know whether Herr
Stinnes will make an unconscionable
profit on this transaction, but' his enterprise in its social effects seems to cover
a multitude of economic sins. The formula is quite simple. All the triumphs of
this captain of industry, and indeed of
most German magnates, are built on a
perception of the advantages of combining related urtdcrtakings. coal with
aging success of the Building Guild.
Italy, with its immense development of
co-operative production, especially in
agriculture, may soon be more interesting than Russia. We are less excusable
than the men of Haalht's generation if
we give way to the cynicism and des-
rair that' follow a conspicuous failure.
Our dreams were-less extravagant than
theirs bad been. Our idealogues had
never talked "perfection." or imagined
that we should soon learn to banish sleep
and nam. The return to reality is less
startling, and we know, as they did not.
that broader causes work out these
changes than the rise or loss of a leader
or the vicissitudes of party strife.���The
(London)  Nation.    '
 :o: 1  <
Seattle���Acting Mayor Robert B.
Hesketh of Cooks Local 33 Wednesday
wired an invitation to Secretary of State
harles Hughes inviting the preliminary
conference of the world disarmament
convention to make Seattle their meeting place. 	
The National Association of Manufacturers, the National Founders' Asso-
ciation. the National Erectors' Assoda
tion. and the Employers' Association of
hieago. are backing the open short
campaign of the Pennsylvania Railroad.
Columbus Ohio.���Detals of the first
national agreement between a railroad
and its yardmastcrs were revealed here
by officials of the Grand Division of
the  Railroad Yardmasters of America.
The agreement was completed July
14. after .negotiations'since December.
1918. The agreement is between the
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and the
It affects employes in Ohio, West
Virginia. Pennsylvania. Maryland.
Washington, D.C, and South Chicago
Terms of the agreement are effective
August 1. It provides that yardmastcrs
will work eight hours a day instead of
12. with two days off each month and
14 days' vacation with pay each year.
The yardmasters will not be dismissed without a hearing before a division
executive or higher of final. Employes
are given the right of appeal to the
highest  operating officials.
The agreement also provides that
seniority of yardmasters date from the
time of' assuming positions. Salaries
provided vary with the location of the
Subscription Special for Two Weeks
The B. C. Labor
Official Paper, Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council
Mechanics in the Southern Pacific
shops from New Orleans to Portland
have voted for a strike in tbe event
that the 9 per cent wage redaction
granted by the United States Labor
Board goes into effect.
The management of the Southern Pacific Railroad is scored in resolutions
adopted by the system board of adjustment of the Brotherhood of Railway
and Steamship Clerks. Freight Handler.:,
Express and Station Employes for "refusing; to grant to employes sufficient
time to compile data" to offset wage cut
demands of the company.
The wind must blow, and
blow���if the craft would
go, and go.
Delivered One Year tor $1
Devoted to the interests of the
International Trades Union
Fill out
and mail-
Here's my $1.00; send
The B. C. Labor News
lo mc for one year
��� ��� ��� ���
Name-. ;
���       86
The B.C. Labor News \street
Room 306, Labor Hall, 319 Pender W.
Vancouver, B. C.


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