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The British Columbia Labor News Jul 29, 1921

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Issued Even- Fridav
Devoted to the interests of the International Labor Movement
[Subscription: $2.00 Per Yearl
V Per Copy
Volume I.
Vancouver, B. C, Friday, July 29th, 1921
Number I.
AUG. 22
Thirty Seventh    Annual    Session
To Convene In City
Of Winnipeg
Present  Situation  Demands  The
Closest Attention Of
Organized Labor
Ottawa. OnU Jon* 22. 1021.
To th.   Officers ami  Miml��r> of Pro-
x i^<-)dl Federations of Labor. Trades i
awl  l_abor Councils,  National Trades i
I'nions,   Federal   Labor   Unions  and i
International   Loral   Trades   Unions,,
in the I Mmr.i- r. of Canada, GREET- '
Fellow  Labor Unionists and  Brothers:
The   Thirty-seventh   Annual   Session
of the Trades and I-abor Congress of
Canada will convene in the Convention
Hall. Royal Alexandra  Hotel. City of
Winnipeg. Manitoba, bccinnmg on Monday morning. August 22nd. and continuing in Session, from day to day. until
the business of the Convention has been
Winnipeg is centrally located and
therefore affords an equal opportunity
for the workers from the Eastern and
the Western industrial centres to meet
and become closer acquainted with each
other's problems and viewpoints.
The trade unions o: Winnipeg are
again in a healthy condition and every
effort has been made by them to assure
the convenience and comfort of the
visiting delegates.
Continued on page two
Sacramento. CaL���Due to' the prompt
anion o! the organized street railway
employees of this city the "one man'
sy-tem. inaugurated recently by ..the
company, has been disposed of and two
men art- again employed on each car.
After exhausting every other mean-
an ordinance was drawn up to compel
the placing of two men on all cars and
which upon submission to referendum
vote of the people met with instant approval. Thus many men were prevented
from being thrown out of employment
and travel was made safer.
��� :o:	
Be a propeller���not a drag anchor.
Local Strike News
\ , ^���,.	
Eighty-three employees of Lcckic'i
Sltoe Factory' are on strike against a
proposed reduction in wages which is
to go into effect Augu>t 15. All are
members of the Boot and Shoe Workers' Union and a committee of this
union were negotiating with the firm on
nounctd that it would run the factory
on an "open shop" l<aM��. This line of
procedure i* contrary to the provisions
of the arbitration act and while the linn
may have apparent good reasons for
seeking a reduction, it is creating a bad
feeling among the employees to scrap
the wage agreement in this manner. The
DIST. 18 B. C. AND
United Mine Workers Draft New
/       Constitution At Specially
Called Meeting
Membership  Is
S   Now As Before 0.BU Split
The Organization
The newly drafted constitution for
the United Mine Workers of District
i, Icsicomprising eastern British Columbia
aira. Alberta, has been adopted by the
delegates in attendance at a specially
called convention in Calgary. The chairman. John P. W"hite. ex-president of the
United Mine Workers of America, stated that the constitution would become
effective  from August 1st next.
The international committee will get
to work without delay in sending out
nomination papers to the local unions
with the endeavor of having officers
elected by the time the new- constitution
comes, into effect. "It will be the purpose of this committee to expedite matters in every possible way," said Mr.
White, "so that complete autonomy
might be handed over to your organize
tion." The election will be conducted"
by the international commission.
Mr. While expressed great satisfaction
with crcrytbinK connected with the proceedings and said that all were eager to
get the business adjusted Membership
in the U.M.W..V. District HMs just as
strong now as ever it was and this will
mean peace in the coal industry of Can-
,a<la. said be.
..' Hon Practical Miners
Theytfml* point over which issue was
taken wa/ the question of transient
miners, men who worked on farms and
elsewhere during summer and fall and
th��l went to the mines for the remain
der of the year. A broader interpretation of the term- "non-practical miners"
was desired and it was decided that ill
stub should pay hither initiated fees
than miners who have followed practical
mining all their lives. The idea was tc
encourage men to continue paving
monthly dues as. members instead of
joining and then dropping out between
The suggested clause regarding hours
of work read "To demand that six
hours shall constitute a day's work underground and eight hours above
ground." After some discussion it was
agreed to amend ths clause so that the
day for all should be six hours.
After the constitution had been formally approved by a vote. -Chairman
John P. White gave a brief address to
the' delegates  present.
:o: ���
Unemployment Met By Special
Fund Provided By The
(Federated Press Staff)
BRUSSELS-The Belgian workers
are able to hold their own." declared
Cornelius Macrtens. bead of the Bel
gian trade unions bureau, to his Amer-
cian  visitor.
"Wherever there were wage agreements, and there are in most of the
large industries," Macrtens continued,
"employers have been obliged to hold
to the contracts."
AH Work Together
All the unions in Belgium work together under a central direction. Marr -
tens told how several manufacturers attempted to apply American tactics of a
lockout with return at.reduced pays but
this move was nipped in the bud.
120.000 Out of Week
The general industrial crisis in
Europe has hit Belgium and does not
leave the workers untouched. Already
some 120.000 out of 1.000000 have been
laid off. and there may be further contraction, although the worst of the Crisis
seems now to be over.
Unemployment is being met by a special fund created by the government on
the insistence of labor about    a    year
ago. This the union leaders regard as ;
sufficient   for  the    immediate     future,
without draining the union treasuries.
Macrtens'  parting  shot    was:    "Re
jwnnW. uw uviri oi muoa sneers* is ���
a new wage agreement when the firm I employees are 100 per cent, solid against
arbitrarily    reduced    wages    and    an-)the **open shop" plan.
much as the firm purchased machinery.
discharged most of its employees among
whom were 14' returned soldiers and
put girls to work on the machines at
wages ranging fn.m &\00 a week up
After this matter had been drawn to the
attention oi the authorities the firm notified the returned soldiers that they
cwuld return to work. Those who applied were offered a 25 per cent, reduction in wages and all refused to accept. The. Stettler Cigar Factory' make
the Van Loo and Van Dyke cigars. The
union is paying strike benefits to 31
The employees of the Stettler Cigar,]
Factory -are still battling this firm
against the lockout. The Minimum
Wage Board is prosecuting the firm tor
employing girls below the minimum
wage and the Cigar Makers Union and
returned soldiers organizations arc
awaiting the outcome with interest.
Some time ago the firm obtained a loan
of $2x000 from the International Loan
Board oi British Columbia for the purpose of extending the industry- This
loan, however, has been used apparently for the displacement of labor, inas-
WASHINGTON'. ��� In proportion to
the number of tons of coal mined, there
were more deaths in this industry during the first five months of the present
year than in the corresponding months
of last year. The number of deaths this
year was 806. with an output of 201.000.-
000 short tons, as against 874. with an
output oi 245J0OO.O0O tons in 1920.
These figures represent a fatality
rate of 4.01 per million tons mined in
1921 and 3.57 per million tons mined in
A. J. Crawford, business agent of
Kcal union N'o. 230 and member of the
General Executive Board is attending
the 20th "(ieneral Convention of the
Amalgamated' Sheet Metal Workers International Alliance which opens August 1 at St. Paul.
Welsh Again
Heads Council
The printers' strike in the City of Vancouver for the 44-hour week is still on
with the men and women affected all
standing solid Quite a number returned to work since the strike started, the
firms having signed the agreement, and
this, of course, makes it somewhat easier
on the strike funds. The Typographical Union and Pressmen's Union have
assessed its membership in order to
give financial support to the Bindery
Workers. There is no indication of a
settlement in sight, both sides apparently having derided to stand- pat on the
issue. Quite a number of the printing
establishments that are working with
unfair labor are finding it goth inconvenient and expensive to operate.
The International Typographical Union b giving a good illustration of how
strikes are financed these days, and at
the same time giving a solar plexus to
the open-shop brigade of employers.
According to an agreement made two
years previous, the 44-hour week became effective in the book and job
branch of the industry on May 1. Some
of the employers reneged on their agreement and locked out their men.
According to a bulletin issued last
week from headquarters of the L T. V.
at Indianapolis, the number of union
members out on that date were 1.942
single men. 5.733 married men and 932
apprentices. The total membership is
about 75.000 and there are no "open
shops" in the printing industry.
The members at work, by a referendum vote, assessed themsclj.es 10 per
cent, of their weekly earnings to support the locked-out employes. This
brings in a weeklv revenue of over
$2004)00 * week or nearly $1,000,000 a
From this fund the married members
are paid weekly strike benefits of $17
per week and single men or women
without dependents $12 per week. Apprentices arc paid such sums as may
be agreed upon by officers of the local
union. In addition there is paid from
this fund to local unions $5 per week
for each member on strike or locked out
to be used in such manner as those
in charge of the strike may deem best
for the benefit of the organization.
Some years ago when the I. T. U
inaugurated the 4S hour week in the
book and job branch about $5,000,000
Was expended, obtained by levying an
assessment in the same manner as at
present.' The printers never lose acd
forget. '
BUENOS AJKtiS���Grave concern is
ft It among dealers here in certain kinds
o.' American manufactures, such as
hardware, household utensils, watches,
toys, pianos, cutlery, drugs and chemicals, that the American concerns are
gradually and definitely losing the bulk
of this business.
" It is now possible for Argentine mer
chants to secure these products in almost any quantity desired, from Germany, and at a prist from 40 to 60 per
cent, cheaper than .hat < f the American
This also applies to British made
goods. ,
Winnipeg.���Starting with the All.-
Enterprises and followed up by the
other bouses affiliated with the Motion
Picture Association of Manitoba, a
move is on foot at the present time
to slash the wages of motion picture
operators 23 per cent during July and
August. The demand is being resisted in whole and in part by the Motion
Picture Operators' Union on the ground
that die closed shop contract now obtaining with the picture concerns docs
not expire until September 1.
:or-    ,
Visalia. CaL���Carpenters'  moon   No.
1484 has secured the 44^hour work week.
Trades Council Will Have Two
Delegates at Winnipeg
Practically all the old officers of the
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
were re-elected at the regular meeting
held in the Labor Hall b>st Thursday.
Fred  Welsh was  returned as president ; C. E. Herrict. vice president; P. j
R   Bengough. secretary: Birt Showier.;
Secretary-treasurer; J. Poole. Sergeant -
at Arms.
Those elected to the position oi trustees were Brothers Nixon. Bartlctt. McDonald and Mrs. W. Mahon.
The council derided, to'give eredenti-
al�� to two delegates, to attend die con-}
vention of the Dominion Trades Congress which will be. held in Winnipeg.
August 22. Those elected were A. J.
Crawford and F. W. Welsh
There seems to be something radically wrong with "the management jf
the Canadian Government Merchant
Marine Ltd The seamen, firemen and
oilers who have to work on those vessels are continually complaining of the
filthy unwholesome conditions under
which they have to work, and now added to that, the wages of the men are being slashed. When the Canadian Ex -
porter arrived in port July 20th the
men were summarily told that their
wages would be cut 20 per cent. The
matter was taken up at the meeting of
the Marine Firemen and Oilers Union
and a strike was declared. The Vancouver Sun managed to get a garbled
report of the affair to the effect that
the men were taking unfair advantage
of the company.
The C.G.M.M. Ltd. were unfair to organised labor when they started to op
crate their, ships from diis port. The
union tried to get the C.G.M.M. Ltd to
pay the deep sea wages of the American
continent, which, arc $90.00 per month,
and 75c an hour overtime, with bedding
and dean linen every week and good
food. The GG.M.M. Ltd refused to
meet the demands and managed to g��
crews for their ships, paying them a!
the unfair rate of S75.00 per month to
firemen  and  sailors.  $77.50 per  month
to oilers and $80.00 per month to donkey
men. with 30c an hour for overtime except on Sundays when the overtime rate
is 50c an hour, with bedding only partially supplied and no linen given. The
crew to supply their own soap and
towels. The crews of almost every
C.G.M.M. ship on the return gave in a
report of bad food. The crew of the
S.S. Canadian Inventor mutined at Calcutta in March. 1921. owing to the shortage of food
C.E.F. Men Cant Stand  It
Two ex-Keutenants of the C.E.F. whj
had fought to make the world a decent
place to live in. and who were signed
up on the S.S. Canadian Highlander
as firemen and trimmers, wanted to address the union meeting on the awful
conditions they bad to endure while on
that ship and refused to board it again
until  conditions  were  altered.
The S.S. Canadian Carrier and S.S.
Canadian Rover have le^al cases pending against them over non-payment of
wages to the crews. The crew of the
S.S. Canadian Voyager reported that
filthy and rotten conditions existed
aboard that ship and created considerable sickness among the workers.
The captains of the vessels blame the
management and the management blame
the captains, but it rests at that.
Machinists Taking Steps TO Organize Automobile
Steps are about to be taken to organize the Auto Mechanics of Vancouver
and vicinity into the Automobile Department of the International Association of Machinists.
This division or department oi the
Machinists' Association is national in
scope and reflects the progress and
opinion of mechanics employed in the
Automobile Industry in the same manner as the Railroad and Shipbuilding
departments do for the workers of
those industries.
During the past three years Local
Lodges of this Division have been established in most of the large cities. All
(of the Lodges have been very successful in negotiating a raise in wages and
bettering trade conditions generally. A
large number of shops and agencies
are working . under agreements made
with these lodges.
Through a uniform system of classification of workmanship by Examining
Boards elected from the ranks of the
bes tknown mechanics in the trade, it
has Itcen possible to- rapidly raise the
general standards of skill and efficiency
in this industry.
An experience of over eighteen years
b> the association has shown that the
following classes or trade divisions
work out l��est to the satisfaction of both
managements and mechanics and reduces to a minimum friction and trouble
e.vcr - questions of shop management,
time on jobs and quality of work.
Includes machinist who has special
training in the operation of . machine
tools as related to this industry.
Includes auto mechanics with either
regular apprenticeship training or with
such special training and experience in
automobile division as qualifies him to
he rated a competent mechanic in the
���itting and assembling of metal parts
and devices generally used in this work.
In shop terms an all around man ablr
Jo time. tune,  scrape    bearings,    shoot
trouble, adjust carburetor, etc.
Advanced  Apprentice
An adianced apprentice is a workman
whose experience and knowledge have
not been quite sufficient as yet to class
him as a journeyman.
A young man apprenticed to the tr.ide.
One who has h.-.d less than 18 months'
!n ��iext week's issue of this publication, the time and place for an organization meeting will lie announces;!. Watch
for it. If interested you can get in
touch with P. H. Bengough, room 309,
Labor Hall.
Large  Attendance  Expected  At
First Convention To Be Held
In Canada
Fourth Largest Organization In
American Federation
Of Labor
The triennial convention of the Brotherhood of Railway Carmen opens its
convention at Massey Hall. Toronto,
August 8. This organization has more
than 200.000 members and is the fourth
largest in the A. F. of 1. and this is the
first convention to be hefd~in Canada.
A large attendance from the whole continent  is expected.
The Toronto Labor Leader states that
Secretary Treasurer. E W. Weeks, of
Winnipeg, is in Toronto arranging for
the convention. Roht. Hewitt. Western
representative of the Brotherhood, who
���is in Toronto with Mr. Weeks referring
to conditions on the railways in the west,
said the larger shops are all working
short time, as is also the case at the
smaller points on the C-P.R. Mr. Hewitt
contended immigration should be restricted and predicted a six-hour work
day. Chairman Smith states that there
will be upwards of 2,500 delegates and
friends attending, and that Massey Hall
has been engaged for two weeks.
The local committee have in preparation a splendid programme of entertainment for the delegates. There will he
delegates from all parts of Canada and
the United States, and from the Panama Canal rone, representing a membership oi' over 200,000 railway men.
Oklahoma City, Okla.���The Mexican
government is returning its jobless citi
zens from the United States to their
homes. More than 300 have been sent
:rom the city at the expense of the
Southern  republic.
Patronize our advertisers they wan:
your business���and tell them why.
Cubans are in dire need of employment. All work has been stopped on
sugar estates because of lack of funds.
In many places the former workers on
these estates are wandering about the
countrv in swarms, begging for food.
" ;���;  '
Join    the
! Moveemnt.
Buy    L'nion- Made-Goods
Meetings Next Week
Extraordinary Worldwide Growth
Shown la Figures From
Of the many Locals whose agreements have expired since January 1,
1021. 85 have renewed the agreements to
continue for another year. These 85
Locals represent 41.600 members of die
Association. At the Watr thk report is
given there are 21 wage arbitrations and
seme 60 wage negotiations in progress.
Many of the agreements have not ret
reached the opening period and a number of agreements continue to late in
die year Or extend to the year 1922. This
seems to assure a fairly safe field for
the Amalgamated Association throughout die year. _/.
The thought of    compensation    has
eclipsed the idea of service.
For time mad place of
Electrical Workers
Pattern Makers
Railway Employees
Street RaQwaymen
Seamen's Union
Cigar Makers
Locomotive Firemen
Railway Trainmen
Stone Cotters
Braiding Trades Council
City HaD
tee   Trades Union Directory
Garment Workers
Trades and Labor Council
Photo Engraven
Picture Operators
Company Spies
Create Chaos
Labor  Editor   Calls   For   Unity
Of Workers Against Anti-
Union Forces
CHARLESTON. W-. Va-Conditions
in this state call for unity among workers and factional disputes, fostered by
rx mpany spies, should be eliminated,
says Frank Synder. editor of the West
Virgina Federationist, who declares that
the state is plastered with spies and
lompany  detectives.
""Over in Mingo County," he says,
."the state Cossacks and coal company
^volunteer police" will soon lie augmented by the militiaman and picked by the
subjects of the coal masters to assist
in crushing the miners' union. Up in
Wheeling the anti-union forces have invoked the injunction process to exterminate the labor movement. The Rich-
wood paper and lumber barons have
closed down all the mills as a method
of forcing the workers to accept the
anti-union shop, and throughout the
state a general drive is made against
organization of workers."
The Hotel and Restaurant Employees
and Bartenders International Union is
holding its twenty-first convention in
Cleveland, commencing Aug. 8. Wm.
McKenzic. the local organizer,, is expected to' be in attendance. The Vancouver local has obtained the support
of the locals in the Northwest district
to make an effort to have the next convention held in the Chy of Vancouver.
Justice seems indeed blind and mercy
seems sleeping.
Great  Britain  In  Second Place
For Number Of Trade
The recent growth of trade unionism is an arresting phenomenon. Twice
as much progress has been made in
the last ten years as was recorded in
the previous century.
Commenting on this question, the
New York Call says:
/The manifestation is worldwide, but
it is most vividly exemplifud in the
great industrial countries. The mere
mass of the movement suggests that
economic life must be entering upon a
new phase, and that some force comparable in consequence to the increase must
be at work.
The figures recounting the growth
between 1910 and 1010 have lately been
compiled and published by the international Labor office maintained at Geneva
under the auspices of the League of
Nations. At the end of the following
years the number of trade unionists in
twenty countries was reckoned to be:
1010  10355.000
1911 ... ,,t, 12249.000
1912   13.341JMM
1913 1472R.000
1014 13222.000
1919 32680.000
This is an extraordinary growth. It
is wholly unparall��d by any development of trade unionism since the factory system was !>et^in.
It is possible to explain the increase of
' unionists' from 2.100000 in the United
I States at the end of 1910 to 5.607.000
I at the end of 1919 animadverting on
j the supposed tenderness of the preceding
I administration of Mr. Gompers and his
! trade unionists. Rut the weakness of
! Wilson would not account for the ad-
i vancement of I.al��.r organization in
; France, or the Netherlands, or Spain,
jor Australia during precisely the same
Countries widely remote from each
! other, peopled by different races, and
! in f lurnred by varying geographical
'conditions, have in these matters devel-
; oped along similar lines.
This growth is the more remarkable
j in that trade unionism received a set-
! back in, the belligerent countries during
;the war.
As the  figures gathered by the inter
national   Labor   office   sh��w.   Germany
jliad at the accounting the largest number of unionists.   The total there registered wax nine millions
Great Britain came next with upward of eight millions.
The United States was third, and
France was fourth.
Of the entire trade union membership
of 32,680.000 in 1919. Great Britain.
France. Italy, Germany and the United
States had nearly twenty-seven millions.
The figures are not given for Japan,
where  unionism  is negligible, nor  for
Russia, where the farts are in dispute.
��� :o:	
London, Jury 19.���The percentage of
unemployed in Britain is 222 per ���
This is the highest it has ever been.
'   1
i*    , . *
B. C. Labor News
Official Organ of the Vancouver Trades
��nd Labor Council and.Affiliated    .
Control Committee:  F. ^V. Welsh, J\
R. BciiKOUgh. and W. J. Bartlctt.
Published every Friday at Labor Ball,
319 Pender Street West
Telephones Seymour 7495-7496
Vancouver, B.O.
Second Class mailing privileges applied
Every reader can become a booster, not
r.nly for subscriptions but for advertising from merchants. All the profits
made from our printing plant and from,
this paper will lie used to make this a
bigger and better publication for the
toiling masses. w.      ���
Isadora Duncan To Teach Beauty
Of Ptnciwg To Children
Subscription  Bates:
12.00 per year by mail in Canada
���2.50 per year outside Canada
Advertising Rates upon application
H. W. WATTS  -   Editor and Manager
FRIDAY, JULY 29, 1921
The best asset to any ctkamunity is, .
���   ��� ���.        , ���      .. ���      /- - li        Isadore Duncan s great dream is of a
a w el , paid working class.   Every nickle i ,     ...     - j j
���^ J ! great people able to sirg and dance  to
Beethoven's beautiful Ninth S>"mphony.
Hon. there are many peoples whose
souls could be freed by beauty, beauty
Called into action by a new emergency, we enter the journalistic field on.
behalf of the International Trade Union
movement, knowing that this is essentially the time when labor must throw
aside petty divisional squabbles and
stand solid in defense of its principles
and aspirations in face of the stagnation of world industry.
While it is true that the American
Federation of Labor is far from being
an ideal organization for workers, it
is the best that lalior. so far, has been
able to produce, and it has not only
been able to very successfully withstand
the onslaughts of organized capital, but
has held its membership together in
spite of an apparent popular and advanced form of organization which was
to have been the rocks upon which capital was to have destroyed itself.    ���
Labor, however, was not, and must
not be carried away by dogma, neither
must it lose its power of rcsistence to
organized capital by adopting visionary,
idealistic schemes which only tend to
end up in the division of the workers.
These are turbulent times and labor
is not only being accused of creating
the trouble now rampant throughout
the world, but is being told that if it
will only accept lower wages and longer
hours that the industrial depression, unemployment, lack of markets, etc., and
etc., will be eliminated and like the
usual ending to a love story, we will live
happy ever after. This propaganda, however, has fallen upon deaf ears, hence
the lockouts, open-shop movements, and
general wage slashing activities on tin
part of employers of lalior.
This is only natural under the present
system of production for profit, and if
labor is to keep up a decent standard
of living, it must not only stand solid
in each industry, but must see to it that
every worker in every- industry lends
their moral and financial support just
as the Allies did in the Great War���
"Each f��r all and all for each."
The International Trade Union movement is not only the best weapon in
the hands of the workers today, but has
all the earmarks of becoming the
means whereby the toilers will usher in
a new and better day. and it will be our
mission to help give a new impetus to
. that movement and to aid in the further
solidification of the masses.
To become effective as a working
class publication, we must have your
full support. Once that is obtained we
' can help you in your every day struggles. There are two sides to all struggles, but the workers' siuc is not always
made public or correct. That is our mission. See to it that we get your side
for publication.
Our columns are open for your news
and your views.
We will endeavor to be tolerant in
the handling of news and in our expressions dealing with the vital questions and
struggles of the toilers, and we ask the
same of our reaucr*.
Wc expect some fanatical opposition.
We will endeavor to nuuee allowances
for this and cither treat it as a joke or
deal with it as a doctor would a sick
and violent patient.
We want some associate editors.
We want men and women to express
themselves in these columns, men with a
breadth of outlook, broad-brained, large
hearted and with the right hand of fellowship. We want short, snappy, understandable editorials on questions of
the hour. ��;
We want to increase the size and
prestige of the paper.
This takes finances and circulation.
The finances can be obtained by helping to get merchants to advertise in
our .columns. When you or your family go shopping, mention this subject to
the merchants. The circulation can be
obtained by passing on the paper or by
inducing your neighbor to subscribe.
We do not deserve any more than
we are willing to help get for .the working class. We must defend ourselves.
We must struggle together for freedom
���freedom in a new social order. Let
us to it.    ��� .
Last but not least, we want to grow.
Our first issue is small, but as soon
knocked off from the pay check of the
[ worker is that much less in the turnover
of the business element The worn-out
theory that high wages makes production unprofitable is still being peddled
around by the unthinking, and the merchant should be the first to combat the
Low wages prevent working class families from. spending freely. They are
compelled to forego not only many luxuries but also necessities. When they
make purchases they have���to seek for
cheap foreign made goods. This not
only reacts upon the community but up
of musk, beauty oi dance; but these
peoples are ruled by governments, and
governments, alas, are not interested in
the souls of the governed, except, perhaps, when the piety of these souls is
affected by one-piece lathing suits or
radical "sex" p!av>.
Now Isadora Duncan is on her way
to Russia. That government greets Isadora Duncan and her beautiful dream,
says take our people and let them dance
to green fields and let them breathe the
spirit oi beauty.
"I know nothing at all about politics."
-he said in London before she left  for
on  the countrv as a whole.      Foreign ' the workers' republic. "but I' think the
made  goods  hampers  national  prodw.! Russian Government the m,>*t wonderful
'���the world.
��� it:
create,  unemployment    and    still j    ^roo^ ,|^r  forri,ni minister.  M
further increases the industrial depression.
High wages increases the demand for
new and better goods. It helps to open
up iiew industries, because the higher the
standard of living, the greater the demand for luxuries and who would
gainsay that the woraers are not entitled
to all the luxuries that labor can produce.
An undernourished, underclothed.
poverty-stricken working class has always been a .disaster, that is why the
employing class always try to protect
their children  from poverty.
Labor applied to the natural resources
of the. earth produces all wealth, all the
good things, all the best things, all the
things that make life worth while. That
being the case, why shouldn't labor have
free access to and make use of the big.
best things of life.
Business men would do well to help
encourage a desire among the workers
for more necessaries, comforts and
luxuries. High wages and short hours
i the key which will not only create a
demand for good food and plenty of it.
good clothing in ample supply and good
shelter with abundant room and fnr-
nishings, but also aids in the appreciation of great dramatic creations, great
books on art. science and philosophy,
travelling for pleasure and education
and all the noble social delights.
The more of life the workers have
the more they will want and this is the
best stimulant for business.
Trades and Labor
Congress Meets Aug. 22
Continued from page one
Krassin. the rulers of this much-condemned country have offered me the
facilities to realize the dream of mv
life. I am to have a beautiful school.
an orchestra, and IJOOO children to
News in Brief
By Bertram! Russell
The world that we must seek is a
world in which the creative spirit is alive.
in which life is an adventure full of joy
and hope, based rather upon the impulse
to construct than upon the desire to retain what we possess or to seize what
is possessed by others. It must be a
world in which affection has free play,
in which love is-purged of the instinct
of domination, in which cruelty and envy have lieen dispelled by happiness and
the -unfettered development of all the
instincts' that build up life and fill it
with mental delights. Such a world is
possible: h waits only for men to wish
to create it.
Meantime, the world in which we exist has other aims. But it will pass
away, burned up in the fire of its own
hot' passions; and from the ashes will
spring a new and younger world, full of
fresh hope, with the light of morning in
its eves.
Trades Union Directory
I Secretaries are requested to keep this Director*' up-to-date I
Vancouver Unions
COUSCU.���President P. W. Welsh
Secretary, P. Benfoug-h. Office 108
Labor Hall. SI�� Pender Street Went.
Phone Seymour "495. Meets In Labor
Halt at S p.m. on the first and third
Thursday*  in month.
O.   C.   TIiob,   Btinlii t,    Roy
Office  210 Laker HU1.   Meets first and I
talrtt Wssassaay In awnth at Labor Hall.
ST CAUSMUT. Local No. 371 ���
President. H. Curtis; Secretary. W.
lisynes. 327 Eleventh Avenue East.
Meets ax 319 Pender Street West on
second Sunday of each month at 8 p.m.
nr.  sxovm.
rant WOinsl���President.
P. P. G/ugti: Secretary. W. H. McLean, 2935 Broadway West. Meets
at II > Pender Street West at 8 p.m.
every third   Tuesday In month.
Labor Day- will be celebrated in Hah
fax by a parade and sports program.
Four labor men were elected to the
Alberta government last week along
with 40 farmers.
When through reading this paper place
it in the hands of a friend. Spread the
The International Street Railway Employees of Winnipeg is recovering its
former  strength. ���
One dollar a year is the special subscription price of this paper if you subscribe today.
President Harding has selected ^ion-
union men lor several big jobs to replace union men in the late administration.
By Ralph Waldo Emerson
The martyr cannot be dishonored
Every lash inflicted is a tongue of fame;
every prison a more illustrious abode;
every burned book or house enlightens
the world; every suppressed or expunged word reverberates through the earth
from side to side. The minds of men
are at last aroused; reason looks out
and justifies her own. and malice finds
all her work in ruin. It is the whipper
who is whipped, and the tyrant who is
I see a world where thrones have
crumbled and. where kings are dust.
The aristocracy of idleness have perished from Jhe earth.
I see a world without a slave. Man
at last is free. Nature's forces have
only been science enslaved. Lightning
and light, wind and wave, frost and
flame and all the secret, subtle powers
of earth and air are the tireless toilers
of the human rare.
I I see a world at peace, adorned with
every form of human art. with music's
myriad  voices   thrilled,  while  lips   are
. rich with words of truth���a world in
which no exile sighs, no prisoner moans;
j a world on which the gibbet's shadow
{does not  fall;  a world    where    labor
��� . _    reaps its full reward; where work and
Street Railway men of St^ohn/NJ,I worth go hand in ^j. whcre the fooT
open; girl  in trying  to  win  bread  with   the
mmf nmsUML*ioa��jb ostom.
Local No. 120���President, C. E Her-
rett; Secretary. A, R. Jennie.. 329
<"ambie Street. Meets Room 313, 319
Pender Street West, at T:15 p.m. on
second and fourth Tuesdays in month.
mSUPKaa, Local So. 151���President.
W. J. Harriett: Secretary, T. Moll ugh.
1(C�� Sixth Avenue West. Meets at
319 Pender Street West at 8 p.m. on
third Tuesday of each month.	
ft mnu, Local No. 194���
President. It. Lynn: Secretary. A.
Fraser, Room 303. 319 Pender Street
West. Meets at 219 Pender Street
West, at 8 p.m. on first and third
Mondays   of each month.
 Mp ������������President. J.
H. Itobb; Secretary. Evan McMillan.
Business Agent. P. Rengough: Office
319 Pender Street West. Meets at
Labour Hall at 8 p.m. on second and
fourth Tuesday. 	
IDOUnS. local Mf���President. John
Brown: Secretary. Geo. Annaml. 1253
Albert Street. Meets at Labour Hall
at s p.m. on first  and thlrd_Friday.
UaUOa Or ft. 45.���President. Dan Can-
I in: Sectary. O. T. Owens. 10* Main
Street, Vancouver. Meets at !���* Main
Street   at  7  p.m. every Wednesday.
morn*. Local No. 4*4���president.
J. Smith: Secretary, B. Showier, 319
Pender Street West. Meets at S19
Pender Street West art S p.m. on sec-
ond and  fourth  Fridays  In month.
__ a ��i	
Local No.  13S���Secretary.
L.   Amos   Us  Cordova  Street.     Meets
at  Ms Cordova   Street, at S  p.m.    on
second and fourth Thursdays In month.
Local No. B05 ��� President. Thos.
Andley: Secretary. Tom Cory. 445
Vernon Drive. Meets at 319 Pender
Street West at 8 p.m. on first Tuesday
in month.
-President. 'Ernest Wilde:
Secretary, Wm. 8. Darnell. Box 53.
Vancouver. Meets at 319 Pender St..
on second and fourth Wednesdaya In
 Local   No.   2494���
President. WV H. Pollard: Secretary.
V. II Vernon. Boa 32*. Meets at 319
Pender Street West. Vancouver, at 8
p.m. on second and fourth Fridays of
���oTo nenTnar Local-No n ���
President. F. Looney: Secretary. Gordon Edwards. 2721 Fifth Avenue West.
Meets at World Building. Vancouver,
at 8 p.m. on Saturday of  each week-
Local No. sv Pr.-si.1rnt. Charles Keall.
Secretary. Alfred Hurry. Ml Thirty-
fourth Avenue East. Meets at 31*
Pender Street West, at S p.m. on first
Wednesday  In  month.
Heys: Secretary. J. L. Irvine: Business Agent. E. A. Ooddard. SS*
Btehsrds Street Meets at Sit Pender
Street West on first and third Monday  In  month  at   R  p.m.
TAX rjtOM WOftsTSBS. Local No. ��7
���President, W: A. Harlll: Secretary.
Roy Massecar. 319 Pender Street West.
Meets at 319 Pender Street West, at
8 p.m. on second and fourth Monday
of each month.
Local 105���President.
Geo. Mowat: Secretary. Frank Milne.
Box 411. -Meets at 319 Pender Street
West at 8 p.m. every third Wednesday
in month.
CIVIC    EKFLORIt,     Local   No.
President, J. White: Secretary. O.
Harrison. Office 148 Cordova Street
West. Meets at 148 Cordova Street
West at 8 p.m. on the first and third
Friday  in   month.
CITT   HAU.  BttnOTsW     Local   No.
59���President. H. A. Black; Secretary.
Aid. W. J. Scrlbben. City Hall. Meets
at 148 Cordova Street West, at 8 p.m.
on  first  Wednesday of  each   month
Local No. IT*���President. F. W. Walsh.
Room 211: Secretary. W. O. Wheat ley.
Box 1131. Meets at 319 Pender Street
West, at 8 p.m. on second and fourth
have been on strike   against   an/ ^   _____ __   __
shop' plan for two weeks. The men are j Needle���ic'needle 7hat has" been""called
Gas. light and car   service   are,t___. rasp for the breast of the poor"-
as finances warrant it. the
be increased to six and
At no time has the sitnaton facing the
organized workers demanded closer attention than at the present The period
of re-action through which we are
passing has brought into prominence
most of the old problems and many new
ones which organized labor is called
upon to face.
The seriousness of the unemployment problem and the request in some
cases for a special convention to deal
with this subject has caused the Executive of the Congress to feel warranted
in bringing forward the date of the Convention a few weeks earlier than has
been the custom, and the consideration
of this problem, of itself, should be a
sufficient incentive for every affiliated
body to make the most strenuous effort to be fully represented.
The struggle of the workers to maintain their standard of living under these
adverse circumstances has been taken
advantage of by many employers
throughout the Dominion to abrogate the
practice of collective bargaining under
the guise of the introduction of the
'open shop." "optional plan of employment'* and similar subterfuges.
Labor Must Bi
A committee of the Milk Wagon and
Dairy Employees Union is negotiating
for a joy ride and picnic to be held in
the near future. The committee is meeting as we go to press.
Trenton. XJ.���The court of
and appeals has upheld an injunction
against picketing by nine union machinists in Newark. These workers must go
to Jail for three months and pav a fine
Detroit Mich.���Organized plasterers
have defeated employer* who would
operate anti-union shops and reduce
wages- The employers agree to the
union shop and $1.12 1-2. an hour.
lixbanapoliv��� More than 150.000 coal
miners are idle and conditions among
the unemployed are so desperate, it
was announced at headquarters of the
United Mine Workers of America, that
10 officers win contribute their July
salaries to swdl the relief fund.
is not driven to the desperate choice of
crime or death, of suicide or shame.
I see a world without the beggar's
outstretched palm; the miser's heartless,
atony stare; the livid lips of lies; the
cruel eyes of scorn.
And over all. in the great dome,
shines the eternal star of human hope.���
Robert Ingersoll.
Our hope is in the Young Man
And in his vision powers���      ��
The dreams that Age beholds with Jcorti.
. And the Faith no longer ours.
We pick our steps and stumble.
And grasp and grope for truth;
He walks erect impaled by doubt.
With the fine, free stride of youth.
With Faith to move high mountains���
He thrusts pale doubt away:
And sees, clear-eyed, the growing dawn
Of a new and sweeter day.
Sydney. X.S.W
Australia and Xew Zealand
the renewal of the Anglo-Japanese
treatv for the simple reason that it -is a
purely military treaty, capable of involving them in warfare on the side of
lapan. The labor movements in both
countries are certainly unanimously
against rt.
Onr hope is in the Young Man.
I    For. thpugh our eyes grow dim.
Pul he sentiment in  His mkJWs keen, his faith is strong.
is against |    And .the world belongs to him.
���Rodcric Quinn.
Powerful groups of employers have
openly declared their opposition to the
enactment of progressive social and
industrial legislation, and it is noticeable
that legislation has been left in abeyance
calling, for the eight-hour day. unemployment insurance, protection of women
and children and other recommendations all of which were recommended
at the first annual meeting of the International Labor Body. Washington.
I >.C almost two years ago and in which
the Canadian government delegates concurred. On these and similar questions
organized labor must again make itself
heard in no uncertain voice.
Other subjects necessary to be dealt
with, if the standard of Canadian citizenship is to be maintained, are too numerous to fully enumerate in this Call,
but include immigration; education; the
right of workers to organize and bargain collectively, whether in private or
public employ; State insurance against
sickness and poverty in old age, etc. etc
During the past year the power to interpret the Constitution and expre��siiJ3s4
of the Annual Conventions has been
taken away from the Executive and
transferred to the Courts. This sitna-
tion has been brought about by the injunction secured by die Canadian Brotherhood of Railroad Employees against
thqjr suspension, and action' will be
necessary; by this Convention if the policies of the past nineteen years, making
the Congress primarily the* legislative
mouthpiece of the international trade
union movement are to be maintained.
:   -���'������!�������:o: '���
Are yon as asset to jrotrr Union ?
The Australian Labor ongress has resolved to get into communication with
labor oi ganiral urns throughout the
world, and especially with those of
countries bordering on the Pacific with
a view to drvrlonine a plan of wwking
class action designed to make wars im
possible according to cables teceiied n
The human race is a .monotonous affair. The majority labors nearly all its
time for mere subsistence and is then so
ty yet unemployed that it exerts even
distressed at having a little bit of libcr-
greater effort to dispose of it.���Thomas
452���President Geo. H. Hardy: Secretary, W. J. Johnston: Business
Agent, ��. C. Thorn. Office 304 Labor
HaU- Meets second and fourth Monday It 8 p.m.  in Labor Hall.
.   ajBUUbOAMUtTBS,  Local
No, 2847���president T. S. Coope: Secretary. F. L. Barratt 2S17 Nanaimo
Street West at 8 p.m. on second and
fourth Tuesdays, of each  month.
No. 12���President, Roy A. Perry: Secretary. Alexander Murray. 1484 Tenth
Avenue Went Meets at 449 Fender
Street West at. 7:39 p.m. on fourth
Tuesday of month.	
Chairman. W. J. Bartlett Secretary. Mrs.
J. Mahon meet, in ream SOS Labor Hall
sa tae second sad fourth Thursday la
'   at ��� mas. _ .
  -President.   D.   J.
Mee'arthy;, Secretary, O. E. James.
1348 Odium Drive. Meets at 44* Pender Street West. Vancouver, at 7:3��
p.m. on last Friday In month.
Iiocai No. C9���President. S. W. Myers:
Secretary. E. R Stephenson. Box 894.
Meets at 112 Hastings Street Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on second Tuesday in
 . Division No.
59���President. A. N. Lowes; Secretary.
Charles Bird.. 203* Union Street.
Meets at I.O.O.F'Hall. 515 Hamilton
Street, at 8 p.m. on first Monday In
Local  No.  35T���Presl-
Thbmas;   Secretary.   R.    J.
KootenavStreet.    Meets   at
rest, at ��� p.m.   on
first Tuesday In month.
dent.    O.
Craig, 3(   KootenayStr
319 Pender StreetWesl
Local 213���
President D. W. McDougall; Secretary,
F. R. Burrows: Business Agent EH.
Morrison. Office 44* Pander Street
West Meets mt 440 Pender Street
West at  8   p.m.  every Monday.
. Local No. IS��� President Percy Trevlse: Secretary. Chas.
A. Watson. No. 3 Fire Hall. Twelfth
and Quebec Streets. Vancouver. Meets
at 319 Pender 8treet West
Local  No.  1��0
__Presl<lent. Mrs. W. Mahon: Secretary.
Ada Hawksworth. 3518 Fleming Street.
Meats at  Labour Hall  at  <  p.m.    on
first Thursday In month.
287���President, O. W. Hatch: Secretary
J. R Physics. 115�� Thurlow Street.
Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall on first Sunday
at 2 p.m.. and .on-third Thursday at
8 p.m.
mail.WAT TBAJSrarjUf. Local No. 144
���President, C, A. Mitchell: Secretary.
D. A. Munfro. 1* Seventh Avenue Wast
Meets at I.O.O.F Hall. Hamilton Street
at 7:2v p.m. on first Tuesday and 2:3��
p.m.on third Tuesday.
Local >ta. 279���
President.. A. P. Glen:. Secretary. O.
T. Brown.' 3(19 Twenty-seventh Ave..
West Meets at 219 Pender Street
West at S p.m. on first and third
. sident C. F. C. Crals;
Secretary. Geo. Gray. 1838 First Ave.
East Meets at Eaaiea' Hall. Vancouver at 2:39 p.m. on first and third
Sundays in month.
Local No. 28���President, J. Cummin**:
Secretary. J. W. vanllook. 441 Seymour
Street. Meets at 441 Seymour Street
at 2:39 p.m. on second and 8:39 p.m.
on fourth Wednesdays in  month.
BWBaUbSs��Y WOBlSsUt Local No"
42���President. J. E Dawson. Secretary.
E T. Kelly. 1859 Hastings Street East.
Meets second and fourth Mondays in
month.   319 Pender Street.
���Secretary Walter Head. Head office
51 Cordova Street West. Meets at 2
p.m. at 51 Cordova Street West on the
second and fourth  Sunday.
Local No. 297���President. A. B. Finly.
Secretary. A. P. Surges. 829 Fifty-
seventh Avenue East. Meets at 315
Holden Building. Vancouver, at 8 p.m.
on first and   third Fridays In month.
Washington.���On the agenda of the
conference of the International Federation of Metal Workers, which meets in
Lucerne. Switzerland, on August & will
be the proposal of the International Association of Machinists of the United
States and Canada that plans be made
for*a stoppage of the production of
The Seventeenth Contention of the
Amalgamated Association of Street and
Electric Railway Employes of America
by the laws of the Association, is fixed
to cnnitne on the second Monday of
September, meat. Pirmarations for being represented in that Convention will
be made by the various Locals within
the next two months. The Contention
dty this year is Atlanta. Ga.
Labor is prior to. and independent to.
capital. Capital is only the fruit of labor,
and could never .have existed without
it Labor is the superior of capital, and
deserves much the higher consideration.
���Abraham Lincoln.
"Evolution is the order of nature;
and society, like the units that compose it is subject to its inexorable law.
Ihe day of individual effort, of small
tools, free competition, hand labor, long
hours and meager results is gone,
never to re turn. The civilization 'reared upon this old foundation is crumb-
li: ^. The economic basis of society is
benny transformed."���Eugene  V.  Debs.
 j Local No. 44���President H. J. Rhodes: Secretary. H. Walker. 1998 Pendrell Street. Meets at
Room 399. 319 Pender Street West, at
8 n.m. on third Wednesday In month.
_  _ Brother-
of Division No. 329���President.
A. E Sulliway: Secretary. H. E. Ferguson. 2127 Second Avenue West Vancouver. Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall on
second and fourth Tuesdays In month
st   8 p.m.
aiSSMSS. Local No. 858��� President.
T. McEwen: Secretary. H. G. Campbell
T44 Helmcken Street, Vancouver.
Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall, on first   and
third Tuesdays of each month.	
Local No. 38-52���Secretary-Treasurer.
F.. Chapman: Business Agent. R
Richards. 152 Cordo-V Street West
Meets at 152 Cordova Street West, at
8 mm., on first and third Fridays in
1f*f1Pff" OMsOM���Business Agent. R.
Townsend. Meets at 7 p.m. every
Monday at  183 Cordova Street Weat
No. 878���President Frank McCann.
Secretary. T. J. lianafin. 237C Sixth
Avenue West. Vancouver. Meets at
441 Seymour Street. Vancouver, at 2-39
p.m. on first Sunday  In month.	
Local No. 829���President Joseph
Weelman. Meets at 319 Pender St..
W. Vancouver, at 7:39 p.m. on second
and fourth Tuesdays in month.
rerrie    Secretary. H. J. Hartnir*	
Best Arent. A ��. Crawford. Office. 311
Labor Hall. Meets second and foarU
Thaiaday at ���  pjb. la
f*. as.���President. W.
Bayley: Secretary! A. Blrnle. 2828
Commercial Drive. Meets at 319 Pender Street West at 8 p.m. on second
Monday In  month.
 , Amalgamated Association of. Division No, 191���
President R. Rlgby: Secretary. F. E.
Griffin. 447 Sixth Avenue Bast Vancouver. Meets A.O.F. Hall. Mount
Pleasant at 19:15 a-m. on first Monday   and 7  p.m. on third Monday.
 Loral 182���President. C. Dolmas: Secretary. F. Rumble.
198 Gothard Street. Meets In Labor
Hall Vancouver at 8 pm. first Tues-
jtay in month.	
I   TT
Secretary.   Miss   T
308 Laker Hall, SIS
Paris.���Regardares of what decisions
may be farmed by the Washington conference  relative to the curtailment of
the land forces of the varioos nations
concerned in the mnmtmul agituutat
French military and mamtiral authormhs
,^0 ^     nwsnr^onnammftsnmm    wow    ^8%^^sS��ansvmasm*    gfj       ^     assa t\ m i~
the peudiiig re-organization program of
the lepublk. France win fare i racked
her armies down to half a aril
Inasmnch as most good things are
produced by labor, it follows that all
such things belong of right to, whose
labor has produced them. Bat it has so
happened in all ages of the world, that
me have labored and others have
without labor, enjoyed a large portion
of the fruits This is wrong and should
not continue To secure to each laborer
the whole product of his tabor, or as
neatly as possible, is a worthy object
c t any good government���Abraham Lincoln.
When talking of the shortcomings
and faults and crimes of society, please
do not forget that you, too, belong to
 * ��>    ,  .   .
Money was aaade round so it would
for the B.C. Labor
���UMj better
UNION men. m
it* �� The New*.
President C. Rfaxlnton: ,Secretary.
Fred Walsh. 311 Hastings Street W.
Meets at 311 Hastings Street West at
3 p.m. on alternate nlghta weekly.
No. S4�����President. W. McCartney.
318 London Building: Secretary. G.W.
Baxtsd. 319 London Building Meets
at tit London Building on first Sunday In month at  7:39 p.m.
Local No, 1*7���President A. Osborne
Secretary. A. D. McDonald. Ml Pender Street West Vancouver. Meets
at j p.m. on third Thursday In month.
ssyi���ismsm, ��-��~i ism���Pr^i.t nt, W.
J. Clark: Secretary. J. O. Keefe: Business Agent P. Bengough: Office 319
Pender Street West Meets at SI*
Pender Street Wat at 8 p.m. on econd
and fourth Thursday.
I. Local No. 178���PresU
dent. B. A. Lawson. 1*53 Seymour
Street: Secretary C McDonald. P. O.
Box 5*3. Meets at 319 Pender Street
West, at 8 p.m. on first Monday In
. Local 228���President
C. H. Collier: Secretary and Business
Agent. -R N. Neelands: Off lea 314 Labor Hall. Meets last Sunday In each
month at 2 p.m.
Local No. 145���President.
Bowyer: Secretary A Jamlason. 308
London Building. Meets at Moose
Hall.   Homer Street at  1*    a.m.    on
ay la month.
Buenos Aires���So rapidly is the production of oil increasing in the Argentine government's fields, that the state
to.uipummt is unable to handle the out-
fat rapidly enough, and the government
advertis-1 mmt build new tankers   and   storage
���Local 1I�����President W. J. Park:
retery. O. W. Allln; Business Agent.
Meets at 3*8 London Building at 9:3*
a.m. on second Friday In month.
Provincial Unions
TWTOBia PrLsldent C. Sieverta. 1T2*
Denman Street: Secretary K. Woodward. 1253 Carl In Street Meats at ���
P.m. on first and third Wednesdays
In month nt Trades Hall. Broad Street.
        -President    8.    D.
McDonald. Prince Rupert: Secretary.
O. Waddell. Boa 452. prince Rupert.
Meets at Carpenters' Hall an second
and fourth Tuesdays of each month.
t J. Lotmaa. Nelson:
Felix Peseril. Box Cat Nel-
-Prasident    Ja     .	
tfass, Rerelstoke: Secretary. Philip
Parker. Box 234. Revelstoke. Meets
at ��� pm. at dty Hall. RevHstoke. on
the second and fourth Saturday of
each month.
4 -
In Woman's Realm
Will You Help Union Labor
The following article byKate E. Carr.;| articles of women's ready-made cloth-
in the Western Lalior N'ews, is such a j ing bearing the union label, and the rea-
good illustration of how the wives and j son   for  the    indifferent    Union    man
mothers of the Labor Union man can j were answered in that speech,
help or retard the labor, movement and Women Must Help
how much depends upon the interest the)
take in the movement, that We feel constrained to reproduce it:
"I ran understand in a measure why
men, our husbands, fathers, and brothers, are interested, and according  de-
While ������the major portion of the followers of the greatest and yet most common profession, home-making for the
producers of the nation, spend their entire time in a fruitless effort to adapt
the   environment   of     themselves    and
vote  much   spare  time  to  their  respec    ,i   ���_ f_���:i;-c .    ��� i       ���.���   .,       ,.
. ..        r,     r      ,    ,- ���     r _   . tbeirJamilies to complv with the cficcts
five union duties.   But for the hie of me   ���.- ._ :_-��_��� ;.. ��� ,       .        <-. .ms
lot an irresponsible social system, so lorn;
I do not see why apparently sane women
housewives and mothers of growing
children, the dictators of tomorrow's
citizenship, can conscientiously waste
a whole afternoon each week diagnosing
and attempting to treat the ills of industry. Personally, I find that the proper care of my house and two childrc-n.
and lastly. I>uf" by no means least, the
entertaiiiini; of the children, require an
average oi 14 hours of work each day.
If I have any spare time I have always
found that it could and can be very
profitably spent in devising ways and
means for stretching tjiy husband's meagre wages lo comply with the ever increasing cost of living."
A Tyolcal Illustration
This little interrogatory was made
by the wife of a union man on the oc
casiun of her being the "invited guest"
at the regular weekly meeting of the
Card and Label League. "Invited guest."
not because we expected that she would
join us in our endeavors as a rrsult of
will we have labor troubles, social evils
and the increasing demand for charitie-
of all description. While the mothers
of the working class arc too busy with
the duties of the home to consider or
even to offer resistance to the forces
which drag 70 per cent, of their boys
and girls into the heartless net of industry when they are yet mere children,
so long will we lack the adequate educational facilities to which these children  are entitled.
When the workers and especially the
mothers of the workers realize that there
is, in a resourceful nation like ours, no
just cause for lack of any commodity
necessary to our licst interests, when
they understand that the cause and the
cure of our industrial and social evils
lie in their own hands, then will we
mothers lie in a position to conscientiously spend all of our time in our
homes if we so desire.
For The Common Good
The name of this panacea is co-op-
In these columns there will be printed every week the
lend in;; editorials from other newspapers and magazine*
Let Us Unite
. ��� . "     ��� i t 8 t    ��� * a " ""*      ������T������������,-     "*"      ��is��J      |'����iiav��.sa     as     \.WU
the invitation, but that we felt that she j eration. It will be applied to our indus
was a typical illustration of the hundreds of eligible members to our League
who remained unresponsive to our most
ardent campaigning. Wc had hoped to
gain her opinion of our efforts in behalf of the labor movement, and were
most successful.
The mystery was solved. We began
to understand why we have the "unfair
list" to battle. Why the daughters or
lal��ir must beg employers for a minimum wage, why the army of the unemployed is increasing so alarmingly fast,
why we have so much child labor and
so few schools, why we can buy so few
trial ills when we drop the"ethics of self
aggrandizement and determine to cooperate with our fellow workers for the
common good. In this way we will be
able to make the environment of today's
selected few the common heritage of all
children. And all civilization will be
improved by the change.
Last year 90 per cent, of the wages
received by the union men in this country were spent in non-union shops. In
other words. 90 per cent, of the earnings of our union men were used to
maintain and encourage the presence of
the unfair employer.
Eat Vitamines
Facts You Must Know When Ton Buy
The Family's Food
You cook. You buy the food your
family eats. That family is utterly dependent for its good feeding on your
buying and serving of  food.
1'ci you know what a vitamine is?
Thc:^e is every connection between die
last two paragraphs.
Vitamines arc ingredients in food
without which vital energy cannot be
maintained. If we live on food which
. docs not contain vitamines, growth is
impossible. We may eat and eat, stuff
ourselves with rich food, and if we
have chosen foods lacking in vitamines
wc cannot grow and flourish. The most
wc can do is to exist.
Foods That Vitalise
If your girl is given plenty of food
and yet looks weak and anaemic; if
your man cats good beefsteak, plenty of
potatoes, and yet feels tired, has a lack
of vitality, be sure that your buying of
food is at fault. The food you BjjoJdc
is lacking in vitamines. fflw
How can you secure this elusiveTactor
in your meals? By serving on our tables,
first plenty of fruit and green vegetables
���cabbage, spinach, lettuce., each in season���secondly, butter and uncooked milk
i Liver is also full of vitamines.
One reason why "artificial" food is
so much less nourishing than mother's
milk to an infant is that dried milk or
boiled milk lacks vitamines, and so prevents a child's growth. That is why a
doctor i will always tell a mother, who
must bottle-feed her child, to give-
orange juice as well from the first.
Did you realize all this? When you
plan the food you will serve your family, did yon plan a mixture of food that
would contain the essential ingredient
that gives energy, or did you just choose
by what was "tasty." or what your family clamoured  for?
The Housewife's Education
It is because the health of all the people depends in this way so utterly on
the shopping housewife that it is essen-.
tial for housewives to be trained, and
not just to "drop" into" housekeeping as
a business that needs no skill, only goodwill.
A meal of beefsteak, potatoes, and
bread seems admirable for a big man.
But without green vegetables or a milk
pudding the meal is a thoroughly poor
one; it wjll not give any energy to the
man who eats it.
That is one reason why vegetarians
are more likely to be nourished than
mere meat-eaters. But a vegetarian is
less likely to be well-nourished than a
meat-eater whose wife serves also greens
and fruit, because so much vegetable
must be eaten to make up the total
amount required. That amount can, it is
true, be made up by butter, eggs, and
milk, but the cost of those is ' high.
Whether higher for the amount required than beefsteak I leave for vegetarians and anti-vegetarians to fight out.
A stray item says that women of
Abyssinia have the privilege of abusing
and bossing their husbands. Well,
what's so peculiar about that?
��� :o:������������
Thirty-five thousand churches in the
United States are without pastors ana1
only 1,400 ministers will graduate this
year from theological seminaries to fill
these places.
������������ :o:	
The greatest disgrace that an Arab
woman can suffer is not to he able to
five in perfect compatability with her
husband's wives.
Simple   rules   required   to   maintain
children's good health:
1. Brush teeth at least once every day.
2. A full bath oftener than once a week.
3. Drink as milch milk as possible, but
no tea or coffee.
4. Eat  some  fruit or vegetables every
5. Drink at least four glasses of water
a day.
6  A bowel movement every morning.
7. Play part of every day out of doors.
8.;Sleep long hours with windows open.
^r :o:- 1 ���
The news service of the British Labor
Party states that the Building Guild,
worked out between the unions and the
government in England to remedy the
housing shortage and unemployment in
the building trades, has completed its
first two houses. These are built without contractors, or private profit for
any one. They paid the union workers
full time for every day, including wet
weather, periods of illness and holidays
and cost only 760 pounds each, or %2,-
948.80 on the present basis of exchange,
a saving over the private contractor system of 200 pounds, or $776 in money,
in addition td the increased benefits for
the workers. This saving amounts to
26 per cent, of the whole cost.
While the prudes are frothing at the
moi��$ over short skirts for women,
statisticians tell us that shorter skirts
have materially reduced the mini her of
street car accidents among the women.
Pittsburgh immigration office reports
that many recently-arrived immigrants,
unable to find jobs, are applying for deportation to their home countries.
London.���A scheme is being completed to amalgamate the whole of the
twenty unions in the leather trade- into
a single organization. It will be submitted to a vote of the members concerned.
From 1917 'to 1919, twenty per cent,
of the crime committed in Canada has
been charged aganst offenders under
sixteen years of age.
The greatest task that confronts ns at
the present moment is that of solidifying the ranks of organized labor. There
are too many individuals wasting their
time by attempting to divide powerful
unions simply for the purpose of demonstrating their particular point ot
View. Instances of this are to lie found
in the cases of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers' Union and the United
Mine Workers. Both of these organizations are now passing through a critical and most trying period. In the case
of the former we have the organized
power of the clothing industry directed
upon it, with the avowed purpose of
breaking the organization up and thereby bringing aliout a return to the old
sweatshop days. In the case of the. latter, we have the coal operators bringing
out gunmen, together with the powers
of the state, with a view to either destroying the union or else laying its
members beneath ihe sod. Despite the
opposition that l>otli these unions arc
contending with, there are some workers���alleged radicals���who feel it their
devine mission tb go amongst the members of these organizations and attempt
to divide them. Yet if you hear these
alleged radicals talk you will constantly
hear them prate about solidarity or else
quote Marx, "Workers of the World
The sensible worker. wwho is imbued
with the real spirit of class consciousness, will plunge into every fight against
the boss and assist the workers in the
winning of that fight. Any fault that
he may have to find with the officials of
the union he will hold back until such
times as they can be fought out on the
floor of the union or on the job amongst
the men. If one half of the effort now
expended by individuals and organizations in the perpetuation of unnecessary
friction was directed towards developing the intelligence and solidification of
the various units which go to make up
the great lalior movement we would find
labor today marching shoulder to shoulder in one compact mass against the
forces of the boss. Instead, we are witnessing unions engaging in their own
strikes, without attempting to come to
some agreement with the rest of the
working class, thereby adding increased
strength to their organization. Worse
than the lack of intelligence displayed
by union officials is that continual attempt on the part of some to satisfy
their own egos, and in so doing they
assist the boss and sacrifice their own
class. To suggest that with a different
class of worker we could engage in
more productive propaganda is to fritter away good and valuable time.. Stay
in your organization and educate your
union members. The job may be discouraging; you may meet with many-
rebuffs, but stick. The road that labor
must travel is not strewn with garlands
of flowers; it has been paved and built
by the blood of those who have gone
before. As a New Zealand contemporary
has wisely said:
There is room in labor's ranks for
healthy difference of opinion; there
is room for constructive criticism;
there is room for friendly rivalry;
but there is no room whatever for division, and that must be plainly stated
if labor is to cohese. Consider our
opponents' consolidated solidarity!
Consider the task ahead. A world to
lie won for labor, and instead of setting about our task in a business-like
way we split into fragments like so
many religious sects, and each from
his bethel proclaims that he alone is
in possession of the mysterious formula which will usher in the better
day.���Butte Bulletin.
Editorial .Vote: Since the above was
writt6n the Amalgamated Clothing
Workers have emerged victorious from
a gigantic fight made upon it by the
manufacturers. Several Kansas unions
of the United Mine Workers won hands
down after a five hour strike last week.
Increased Profits
Men employed in the shops of the
Canadian National railways throughout western Canada will work increased
hours commencing this week, according to an announcement from the railway offices. After being on short time
during the past six months, 'the shop
employees will now work five eight -
hour, days each week and four the nefct
The Canadian Pacific shops are now-
working five days per week with the
possibility of full time next month.
Pckin (by mail)���The "Pekin Daily
N'ews" reports that 150 Chinese monks
of various temples of the district of
Sung Kiang are on strike for more pay.
They complain that their present allowance is too small, in view of the high
cost of living.
The dictionary definition of an "open,
shop" is one thing. What the "open
shop" and "American Plan" mean to
those who advocate it is an entirely
different matter. Tr> them, an "open
shop" or an "American Plan" shop is
a shop where the wage-earners are not
permitted to organise, or. if in spite of
all opposition, they do maintain an organization. the>- are compelled to deal
with the employer as individuals.
It is a grotesque burlesque upon the
term "American" to apply this to a condition where employers organize for the
purpose of making it impossible for
their employes to enjoy the same right
���International Molders' Journal.
The present drive or, the part of the
big employers to lower wages below
the figures found by our most eminent
statisticians to be necessary to . maintain a decent standard of living is
worthy of the deepest thought and the
most serious consideration by all who
have the welfare of the country and all
the people at heart.
During the war millionaires were made
practically over night, and many, already
millionaires, doubled or trebled their
holdings. A notice in- the new spapers a
few days ago called our attention to the
fact that the Standard Oil Company of
Nebraska declared a' dividend of two
hundred per cent, and oil is not ipateri-
ally higher in Nebraska than elsewhere.
The only unusual thing about that transaction was the honesty of admission.
The recent notice of the railroads
that one hundred and six of them were
short $7.0tKMX)0 seemed a sad thing until we found on carefully reading that
they figured their one hundred and six
railroads just that much short of paying six per cent, profits on their book
values. And it is safe to assume that
thes-.' one hundred and six railroads
were the poorest and much more than
$7,000,000 loss of business in entirely attributable to our made to order depression in business brought on purposely
by the big financiers for the opportunity of making the return to the producer on the basis of the poorest possible stage of business but to retain large
In 1917. the big financial interests
lauded the lalior movement, for its principle of loyalty; extolled the farmer as
the foundation of society; and said.
"Produce more for us. ye noble benefactors of the human race."* and to the
older workers said. "Increase your output, and make up the deficit in labor
caused by the taking of the four millions of the flower of our manhood t<��
fight." ostensibly to make the world
safe for Democracy and the small peoples; but from their viewpoint to make
safe every dollar of their investments
at home and abroad. Now they show
their gratitude by deliberately creating ,
a condition where they not only can. but I
do say to the older workmen: "We have
no need for you now, only the younger (
and faster men can meet our speed requirements." To the returned younger
workers they openly say. "You made
the world safe, but for us. and now volt
can have your job back, if you underbid the other fellow; but you must also
place yourself and your interests entirely in our hands. This is our open* jiyojc
hut you must subscribe to-our open shop
organization which we own and manage and in which you lose' your rights
and membership when it pleases us to
fire you. you then become a pariah
with neither friends or support." And
to the farmer they say. "Yon shall be
taxed to insure our profits whether we
prove ourselves such poor business men
as to lose money or bright enough to
effectually conceal our profits, but for
your invested money. Industry and
Labor, you shall receive our good wishes
and whatever returns our cold-storage
business an/1 made-to-control marketing system cannot devise means to cheat
you out of."���Alberta Labor  News.
Labor Time
"Industrial Canada." official organ
of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association, some time ago contained an article which gives the employers' idea of
where his profits come from. The following statement taken from that article
clearly indicates that the leading manufacturers regard Labor time as the real
source of employers' profits, and the
tnie measure of value in exchange.
"Where do my profits come from?
"The boss wants to know why his
profits are not bigger, but he must find
out where the}- come from first.
"Let's tell him���
"From his office force? No .
"From his salesmen? No.
"From his advertising?  No.
"From his board of directors? No.
"From speculation in raw material?
"These are all big aids, but they arc
not the real simon-oure. day-in-and dav-
out source of PROFITS.
"What then���where do my profits
come from?   ,
EMPLOYEES. The TIME he buys and
pays for and which is spent in transforming raw material into finished produce���AND THE BETTER THE USE
Petan.���The strike of teachers has
ended with the resignation of all of
the.striking teachers from the government service . This step was rendered
necessary on account of the lack of pub-
he funds. The teachers will open ua
private schools. v^ **
The following places are run under
non-union conditions and are therefore
unfair to' organized labor.
Stettler Cigar Factory, making Van Loo
and Van Dvkc Cigars.
King's! Cafe. 212 Carroll St.
Capitol Cafe. 930 Granville St
White Lunches.
Electrical Contractors.
C H. Peterson, 1814 Pandora St
Hume & Rumble. Columbia St. New
Westminster. B.C.
The Chilliwack Electric Co., Ltd, Chil-
liwack. B,C.
Give your fellow trade unionist a
square deal���boost his union label, card
or button.
By ANIZE *^*��
Over twenty years ago. the story
runs, there came to London two envoys
to Japan on a diplomatic mission. The
cabinet minister spoke to them politely
of the great advances that Japan had
made and bow she was entering at last
into the circle of real nations. One of
the envoys' answered: "In the days of
my father, when we still fought with
bow and arrow, with sword and spear,
the ministers of Europe spoke much of
our backward condition, yet we had art
and love of nature, and skilled craft-
manship and dignity of life in those
days. But now we have ironclads and
heavy artillery. We have perfected the
science of death and destruction, and
you say: "What amazing progress! These
Japanese are almost as civilized as ourselves T "���Anna Louise Strong
Quality Circulation���Buying Pow^r
The manager of this paper would be
pleased to talk business with YOU
-!�����!������      'I    'i
_J_ 1 I
r '���
Canadian Department Of Labor
Issues Tenth Annual Report
On Labor
Vancouver    Stands   In    Fourth
Place  With   Over   Nine
Thousand Members
The tenth annual report on labor organization in Canada, covering the
year 1920, has been issued by the department of labor. In addition to the
statistics much general information as
to the activities of the organized labor
V bodies operating in Canada, as well as
references to important labor events in
other countries. The total trades union
membership reported at the close of 1920
is 373M2, a slight decrease from the
figures of December, 1919, when the total stood at 378.047, as comprised in 2918
local branches, an increase of 71 over
" the- branches of last year. Of the 2918
branches in the Dominion, 2455 are affiliated of international organizations
and between them they comprise 2Hf'2M
members a Jain over 1919 in this <K��ss
of membership of 7000 and in branq)es
of 146; 249 local branches with 25.406
members are what are termed non- international bodies, these figures showing a
loss of 66 branches and 7966 members;
30 are independent units, a gain of one,
the reported membership of 27 being
31,189. an increase of 22.911 for this
group; the national and Catholic unions
now number 124, a gain of 41, comprising a reported membership of 45,000. an
increase of 10,000; the local units of the
One Big Union, which in 1919 were reported at 101. have decreased to 51, and
die estimated membership is 5,000, a
drop of 36,150. The membership of all
classes of organized labor in Canada,
as reported to the department for the
past ten years, has been as follows:
A Few Smiles
_  133.132
 _  I7179T
  16. \tS
Z.  WIMs
 __  204.6/t
1920  _  371842
Trade Union Membership by Provinces
Including all classes of trade unions
in the Dominion, the standing by provinces is as follows: Ontario, 1231;
Quebec. 568; British Columbia. 251; Alberta, 230; Nova Scotia. 167; Saskatchewan. 160; Manitoba. 159; Xew Brons
wick, 142; and Prince Edward Island.
Trade Onion Membership in Chief
The number of cities in Caapda.
having not less than 20 local branches
of the international and non-international organizations and independent
units has increased by three, there now-
being 35. These cities represent 59 per
cent, of the local branches of unions
just mentioned and comprise 60 per
cent, of the branches of all classes which
reported their membership, as well as
containing approximately 44 per cent, of
the trade union membership of 373342
in the Dominion, as reported from
headquarters of the central organizations. Montreal leads the cities with 215
local branches of all classes of unions,
121 of which reported 45.209 members;
Toronto stands in second place with
164 branches, the membership of 104
which reported being 25,978; Winnipeg
occupies third position with 91 branches,
57 of which reported 9.940 members.
Vancouver stands in the fourth place
with 86 branches. 55   reporting.   9.670
members; Victoria stands   in    twelfth I
place with 49 branches,    34    reporting j
2,490 members,   j
Benefits Paid by Central Labor
Of the 101 international organizations in Canada. 71 have made payments
during 1920 on account of benefits to
members. The -report contains a table
showing the disbursements made 'for
this purpose among the whole membership the total expenditure being $19,463.-
610. an increase of $3,913,558 as compared with the payments made in 1919.
The amount expended for each class of
benefit was as follows:
Death benefits  _..$10.71S\687
Unemployed    and   travelling
benefits    __         75544
Strike benefits     6J93J13
Sick and accident benefits ....   1.557376
Old age pensions and other
benefits ��� _          717,890
Only one of the non-international organization*, the Federated association
of Letter Carriers, reported payments
for benefits, having spent $12,000 for
death claims.
Benefits Paid by Local Branches
A statement is also published in the
report showing the amount paid in benefits for the year 1920 by local branch
unions "in Canada to their own members, the 1 disbursements aggregating
$324,155. a sum of $258,938 less than
reported in 1919. The payments made
on account of the benefits indicated were
as follows:
Death benefits 2. % 80,950
Unemployed benefits h     8^322
Strike benefits . , 38,689
The  following    literary   curiosity   is
taken  from Mark Twain's "English as
she is Spoken." and was compiled by a
school teacher in a public school from
answers given to definitions by boys and
girls.   It will be noticed that the sound
of  the word has misled the chifd and
although it raises a laugh it shows how
the "instructions" consist of cramming
the children full of obscure and wordy,
rules which  they cannot understand.
Aborigines, a system of mountains.
Alias, a good man in the Bible.
Amenable, anything that is mean.
Assiduity, state of being an acid
Auriferous, pertaining to an orifice.
Ammonia, the food of the gods.
Capillary, a little caterpillar.
Corniferous. rocks in which fossil corn
is found.
Emolument, a headstone to a grave.
Equestrian, one who asks questions.
Eucharist, one who plays uchre.
Franchise, anything  belonging   to   the
French. ��g$
Idolater, a very idol person.
Ipecac, a man who likes a good dinner.
Irrigate, to make fun of.
Mendacious, what  can  Ik-  mended.
Mercenary, one who feels for another.
Parasite, a kind of umbrella.
Parasite, the murder of an infant.
Publican, a  man   who  does  prayers  in
Tenacious, ten acres of land
Republican, a  sinner mentioned in  the
Railroad Notes
The Night Before Pay Day
'Twas the night before pay day and all
through my jeans
I searched but in vain for the price of
some beans.
Not a quarter was stirring���not even a
The   coin   was   off-duty���milled   edges
had quit.
Move forward' Move forward! Oh time.
in thy flight.
Make it tomorrow���just for tonight.
Chicago.���What action railroad workers will take on the 12 per cent, cut in
wages which went into effect July 1
at the instance of the United States
Railway Labor Board will be decided
by referendum by the meml<ership of
the five train service brotherhoods and
probably all other rail unions. This referendum is to be taken not later than
September 1st.
The 1.000 general chairmen of the railway brotherhoods have issued a statement in which they say that they cannot
assume the responsibility of accepting
wage reductions. They are now voting
upon a resolution which provides that
while the wage cut is accepted under,
protest, there shall be no change in the
national  working agreements.
It was officially predicted that other
rail unions would subscribe to the brotherhoods' policy thus officially pledging the 1.500.000 railway employees of
the nation to a united stand.
Washington.���J. F. Anderson, vice-
president of the International Association of Machinists, in charge of their
railroad labor negotiations, reports that
the morale of the railroad shop crafts
was never better than at present, when
the 1J00 rules in the working agreements with the railroad ompanies are
nearing completion for the final approval of. all parties concerned.
The Pennsylvania railroad has thus
far failed to begin negotiations of a new
agreement as ordered by the United
States Railroad Labor Board, and hence
compelled to continue in force the
old rules���a situation which is to the
advantage of the shop men.
For Peace
"What do you think of the acoustics.
Mrs. Xurich?" whispered her neighbor.
"Oh. I don't mix in them religious
squabbles. Let everybody worship in
their own way, I say."
When You're Hired. That's Different
Husband and wife were at the movie
show.   During a love scene she nudged
hubby and inquired:
"Why is it you never made love to
me like that?"
"Say." he said,  "do you know what
that guy is paid for doing that?"���Ex.
Willie Was Wise
Down irt New Jersey- there is a doctor who is superintendent of a Sunday
School. Not long ago, he asked one of
the boys this question:
"Willie, will you tell me what we
must do in order to get to heaven ?"
Said Willie: "We must die."
"That's true," replied the doctor, "but
tell me what we must do before we die."
"We must get sick," said Willie, "and !
send  for you."
A Pair of Them
"He looks like a fool!"
"But, papa, he has asked me to marry
"He has? Well, don't ever tell me I
can't size up people."
Burst���"How come you're taking up
chewing tobacco?"
Dud���"Well,   the   wife  drinks  home
brew and smokes cigarettes, so I've got
to do something to assert my masculin
Lower wages will have little effect on
railroad rates.   What the managers want
to abrogate the national agreement.
The above summarizes an address to
business men in Winnipeg by E. T.
Whiter, chairman of the conference
committee of railroad managers. The
speaker made the ludicrous claim that
the national agreement would eventually lead to "the one big union."
He said labor unions are all right, "if
they are run right," but that they must
not interfere with the managers and
employes discussing working conditions
���that is, the employes have the right
to negotiate working conditions, but
under plans that will chop them into
small groups.
Mr. Whiter told the business men
that the .railroaders' fight is their fight,
for if the managers win it will aid them.
Active steps looking toward concert
ed action by the sixteen International
Railroad organisations in United States
and Canada, and involving more than
two million railway workers, arc being
taken by the executive of the Railway
Employes department of the A. F. of
L. In a circular sent out to the mem
bcrship, July 6. it is intimated that "The
vote of the membership, mechanical sec-
ton of the Railway Employes department, has been compiled, and we have a
constitutional majority for the rejection of Decision No. 147" which is the
wage redution and agreement abrogation decision.
You've heard about the raisin.
With the kick of 10 per cent..
But the raisin with the wallop
Is the raisin' of the "rent."
Emancipated ���
"Why didn't you laugh at the boss'
joke. Bill?"
"Don't have to; I quit Saturday."
. Siek benefits ._	
Other benefits	
__ 149.947
~_   46247
Sydney, X.S.W.���Seamen in Australia
have secured an all around increase of
$150 a month. Material gains also have
been made regarding conditions aboard
ships. Able-bodied seamen now get
$72.50; ordinary seamen. $48-50; bo'snns.
$77.50; trimmers. $72.50; greasers and
firemen. $87SO. and store-keepers, $8250
4   '   I  '
New Evidence
"Why do you want a new trial?"
"On the grounds of newly discovered
evidence, your-honor."
"What's the nature of it?"
"My client dug up $400 that* I didn't
know he had."
The trade union movement inspires
to higher ideals about the rights of
working people; it endeavors to impress
upon the minds of the workers the
necessity of patience, persevcrence and
hopefulness; it aims to eliminate indifference, apathy and despondehcy; it encourages a higher standard of living
with more home comforts and a more
diversified and useful education for the
rising generation.
Denver.���Expressing hope that Mexico would soon be accorded recognition
Iry the United States government, the
American Federation of Labor convention has approved the action of the
American delegates to the recent Pan-
American ��� Federation of- Labor convention, and decided that hereafter
there should be an exchange of fraternal
delegates with the Mexican Federation
of Labor.
If a "good one" you should hear.
Pass it on.
Stories always bring good cheer,
Pass it on.
You will find that this is true;
When your break is old and blue.
This same tale they'll tell to you,
Pass it on.
���The Kablegram.
New York.���The employes of the
Pennsylvania Railroad���the largest railway system in the country���have followed the lead of the Lehigh and Lack
wann aand crushingly defeated the company's proposal of a "company" or
"lollypop" union. The results of the recent referendum show the 'employes
are overwhelmingly in favor of representation by the bona fide railway
brotherhoods in the negotiations for a
new working agreement ordered by the
United States Railway Labor Board. Of
the 86.000 shopmen voting, only 564
voted for . the Atterbury "lollypop"
Charging the Canadian National Railways Western Lines management, with
violation of the Industrial Disputes Art,
in seeking arbitrarily to impose a 12 per
cent, wage reduction upon certain of
its employees, the Brotherhood of Railway and Steamship Clerks, Freight
Handlers. Express and Station Employees. Wednesday notified General
Manager A. E. Warren that they emphatically reject the proposed cut anr'
are prepared to face the issue in whatever way events determine.
��� :o:	
Lenine Says That Russia Must
Give Way to Form of
State Capitalism
The "Novy Put" (Riga. Communist)
of May 11 publishes extracts from an
article by Nikolai Lenin on the new
economic policy of Soviet Russia. Lenin
It must not be forgotten that the want
and disorganization arc so, great that we
cannot at once build up State manufacture on a large scale. For this purpose vast supplies of grain and fuel
would be required in the industrial
centres, and the worn out machinery
would have to be replaced, etc. Therefore it is necessary to a certain degree
to help small industries which do not
require machines nor large supplies of
raw materials, fuel, and food, but which
may immediately give some help to the
peasants and raise their productive
What is the outcome of this? The
inevitable outcome is the development
on the Itasis of a certain local freedom
of trade of a small bourgeoisie and of
The question that remains ... is
how best to direct the capitalist development, which is inevitable to a certain
degree and for a certain period, into
the river of State capitalism. . . .
and how then to convert State capitalism into Socialism in the near future.
Lenin went on to discuss the co-operative movement as one of the best forms
of commerce.
Using Co operatives
In contrast to private capitalism, the
form of capitalism represented by the
co-operatives is useful to the economic
activities  of  the  State The
utility of the co-operatives lies in the
fact that they facilitate relations between the State and capitalism and make
possible a better control of the latter.
The co-operatives are also more useful
than individual capitalism in that they
facilitate the union and organisation of
hundreds of thousands and of millions
of people, and ultimately lead to the
organisation of the whole population.
This fact has profound significance
from the point of view of further progress from State capitalism to Socialism.
A Ten Year Job
M. Lenin spoke of the primitive state
which existed in vast areas of Russia
where the land was uncultivated and
the mineral wealth unexploited.
Is an immediate transition from this
condition to socialism possible? Yes,
but only on one condition. . . . This
condition is .electrification. If we build
some dozens of electric power stations
. ... if we convey the power to
every village and procure sufficient elec-
tro motors and other machines, then no /
transition measures will be needed . |
. . . But we know well that this
"one" condition requires at least ten
years" for even the preparatory work. . .
Capitalism is an evil in comparison
with Socialism, but. it is a boon compared to small business and small industries.
Capitalism on a large scale must therefore be adopted as a half-way house on
the way from individualism'in industry
and commerce to the ideal of Socialism.
| Dignified and Appropriate ��
   Mill g
That's what our
customers get.
Our customers will find our prices as
reasonable  as oiir product is good.
Whether a big or little order���
We Guarantee Satisfaction
and want your future business
Not what we say
But what we do
makes test-
Performance speaks
The last word
and the best
j    Try us with your NEXT order
The British Columbia
Labor News
Telephone Seymour 7495
319 Pender Street West
One of the first things a woman learns
after marriage is that you cannot always make a man do as you say, but
you can make him wish he had.
Toronto.���"No reduction in wages"
was the decision of the Toronto local
after a meeting in the Labor Temple
on Sunday. Their attitude remained unchanged in spite of the announcement
of theatrical interests that theatres
would operate under the "open" shop
plan unless union employees would accept a wage reduction, which one
amusement company placed at 20 per
Xew York has 400,000 jobless.
Boston.���Charles F. Bardorf of Montreal, was elected president of the Esperanto Association of North America
at the final business session of the association here. Other officers chosen
were: Vice-president, J. J. Susmuth,
Union Hill, N.J.; secretary. G. VVin-
throp Lee, Boston; assistant secretary.
Miss E. J. Mariam, Boston; treasurer,
B. Pickman Mann, Washington. Plans
are being made to manufacture Esperanto phonograph records to promote the
spread of the language, which leaders
said was making marked progress
throughout the world.
Subscription Special for Two Weeks
The company "union" operating in
the Dan River textile mills, Danville,
Vs.. has voted for wage reductions.
This "union" has been widely advertised
in the public press as "industrial democracy." It is formed along the lines of
the national government, with a house,
senate and cabinet The workers have
a voice in the house, but the higher up
they go the less voice.they have. The
cabinet, composed entirely of representatives of the management, has the
last word on all questions. The workers are conferred with but they have no
part in the final orders. This scheme
has been touted as the last word in disputes between capitalists and laborers.
"For ten years," said Potter Palmer,
of Chicago, "I made as desperate a fight
against organized Labor as was ever
made by mortal man. It cost me considerably more than a million dollars to
learn that there is no labor so skilled
so intelligent, so faithful as that which
is governed by an organization whose
officials are well-balanced level-headed
men. . . I now employ none but organized labor, and never have the least
trouble, each believing that the one has
no right to oppress die other."
The B. C. Labor
IXT/^T �� y^,   Official Paper, Vancouver
IN V? W IS   Trades and Labor Council
The wind must blow, and
blow���if the craft would
go, and go.
Delivered One Year tor $1
���   ��
Devoted to the interests of the
International Trades Union
Fill out
and mail-
Here's my $1.00: send
The B. C. Labor News
to me for one year
I Name^.	
The B. C Labor News \stred
Room 306, Labor Hall, 319 Pender W. 1 cuy
i   Vancouver, B. C.
'ii rTiKIIUKtan


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