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The British Columbia Labor News Aug 19, 1921

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Issued  Everv  Friday
Devoted to the interests of the International Labor Movement
fSiir-s.npti.Hi: $1 SO Per Year!
I V Per Copy J
Volume I.
Vancouver, B. C, Friday, August 19th, 1921
Number 4
Fourteen Unions Will Officially
Amalgamate First of
Another Step in the Evolution of
tbe Trade Union
Every effort is being made to ensure that on October 1 the new
Transport and General Workers' Union will come officially into existence.
It will begin to operate by the am-
aljtarantioo of 14 unionx, and. may be
considered as the first stage in the
evolution of one anion for transport
workers engaged in dock, inland wa-
Ur and road transport.
For the first time clerical workers
will be part of real industrial organ l-
���ation, and the new amalgamated
union will start to function with a
membership of something like half a
Working  arrangements   will   pro-
Tide for the division of the country
into geographical areas, with group
administration according to craft.
Big Step Forward.
Thus, craft trade unionism is
welded with the principle of industrial unionism.
In a note to members of the Dockers' Union, which is one of the amalgamated unions, Ernest Bevin,
provisional secretary to the Committee of the new union, writes that
the latter represents a stage in tjje,'
evolutionary process of trade un- j
ions. .'
"The horrible spectre of penury
and starvation "-*he says, "must be
removed. Ev#n greater protective
measures must be introduced for the
welfj-re* of people engaged in all industries, which will result in improved health and longevity.
"It ia true that we have won the
shorter working week, but already
demands are being made by many
employers in the industries we cover
to extend the working hours- to ig-,
nore all their promises during the
war, and to try to wrench from ua
i   what it haa taken years to accom-
> ���ThTZ:w^Cwi^r*-.' dnkant
data,.be Uxed to Ua utmost capacity
to maintain the guaranteed daily
minimum and the guaranteed days
and in some cases guaranteed weeks.
"Then there ia the great question
of the control of industry. This
will come aa soon as our people are
ready and believe in their own capacity to control. They accept the
control of others because of their
lack of confidence in their own ability to do it for themselves. The
status of our people will never really
be established until they have won
The Vaneoutrr ' Harbor '"������:����.. -ion
it- I..1- informed tin1 Trades aii'b I. iliur
Couti-il that it ha-, un power to int'-r
i'.n- 1 i!b the rni.tniM f'.r the Hill-in-
!vii��. |ii.'r, vslii.li :t let to tin- Nortiietii
i in ��trurtioii Com).any, minus tlie fair
nai.T rl'iumv TI.e .-oiilitii.'i- uf labor
���ire unnali-fai'tnri on this job, l,ut in
UKrnurh hk the men are unorganized they
are baring to put up with the loir.-
hour*, and small pay, which in all prnb
ability will be made smaller a* tini"
���;ries on. If the firm uii'l the Commissioners won't act then the employee*
sliouli! net up enough courage to organ-
ire the job and, then have their union
representatives take up the bsttle on
tht-ii behalf.
Company Has Law Twisted in an
Effort to Bring: Men
to Terms.
Seven members of the Marine Firemen and Oilers' Union were handed a
raw dc.il this week by the courts when
they wen- sentenced to six weeks' hard
lalior for alleged desertion. The case is
going ti be appealed, but the chances
oi' having the decision changed is not
vei v bright on account* of the lack of
knowledge on tli'r'part of the. courts of
marine lav -. The men allege that the
Canadian Government Merchant Marine
Limited has made charge*, that could
not lie made to stick,, were it not for tlic
fact that a strike is oil against she
lioats. The law lias tX'cn twisted to
suit the occasion and could not possibly
lie upheld in a marine court. The cost,
however, to take it to a marine court.
is far more than the union can stand,
hence these men will languish in jail
for objecting to unsanitary conditions
and miserable pay. The strike against
the company is still on and a small concession made this week was turned
down by the union.
BERLIN.���The Executive of the
German Civil Service Society (Deuts-
cher Beamtenbund), formed in 1919,
has resolved to join the trade union
and professional labor movement,
folly identifying itself with the Democratic Republic, in order to promote
the common interests of its members aa wage-workers and consumers.
Conservative and Liberal papers
express great dissatisfaction, for
they apprehend that Socialism will
soon penetrate the sacred precincts
of Prussian officialism, so that a future Socialist Government would not
have to rely oh reactionary bureaucracy.
When Tom Cockburn, an electrician by trade, but a handy man about
a ship, offered "to take a go at it"
when the crew of the freighter Canadian Exporter, signed on during the
seaman's strike, were putting their
heads together to see who could steer
he "pulled a boner" for he had to
do most of the steering. He waa at
the wheel when the ship left port
and also when the ship piled up on
the rock* at Willapa Spit, he told
the marine court of inquiry.
150,000 MCTEE8 ARE
CHICAGO.���One hundred and fifty thousand miners are out of work
today, according to John L. Lewis,
president of the United Mine Work-
era of America, and conditions are
fast becoming worse.
This is only one phase of a situation which ia bringing a coal famine
that will be felt in every home from
the Atlantic to the Pacific, President
Lewis and other competent authorities declare.
I'll niver go down again to see so-
jers off to th* war. But yell see me
at th' depot with a brass band whin
Ch' men that causes ware starts f'r
th' scene iv carnage.���Mr. Dooley,
The trade union movement makes
ao claim to perfection, but we would
be glad to hear its critics name some
other movement that has done any.
thing, in comparison, to raise the sta
tus of the workers.
Keep the union banners flying.
Union Labor demands Ufa. If
yon are not a meek, weak thing, a
spineless lump of flash, wake up
aad strike back���with argument
against the wage slashing and
union-smashing   activities   of   the
MONTREAL���The Canadian Car
and Foundry Company haa secured
an order for 500 50-ton tank cars
from the Russian Government. The
value of the order is 12,000,000,
with final delivery arranged for November. President W. W. Butler
stated that the terms of payment are
very satisfactory, part of payment in
cash having been made already. He
is elated that he won over German
and Belgian bidders. The contract
was awarded by Prof. George Lom-
onosoff in Berlin.
a explanation. 1"
��������. !if.| ���ff this
.11 l ��� meter turn
in  the  eruj loy  of
Representative    Meeting    Starts Shipbuilders    Want    to    Slash
Organization to Combat
Asiatic Entry.
Campaign   of  Organisation   and
Education to Be Made
in Canada.
The Asiatic question rame before a
representative meeting in the Labor
Hall Tuesday evening aad machinery
was set in motion for a campaign of
education aad organization to meet the
dangers confronting tbe population of
British Colombia from the ever encroaching industrial and commercial
pursuits of Asiatics.
An organization to be known as The
Asiatic Exclusion League of Canada
came into being with the object of
creating a "White Canada," aad with
an outlined policy as follows:
1. To educate the white population
to the terrible menace of the Oriental
2. To pledge every candidate who is
running for Dominion offices at the
next election to give a stated poliey
for the exclusion of Orientals.
tion  of all Orientals in  British I'uliim
bin  under auspices of tbe government.
The organization represented were:
Barbers' I'nion, Trades and Labor.
Bakery Salesmen, Hotel am! Restaurant Employees. Army ami Navy Veteran*, t'niteil Soldiers' Courcil, I.O.D.E.,
1'niteil Brotherhood of Carpenters, Retail Merchants' Association. Grand
Army of United Veterans. N.W.O.W.V.
A. Ttli Battalion Association, Machinists' I'nion and Tailors' I'nion.
Rules Committee
Wages at Least Fifty
Per Cent.
Workmen's Council Ask for Conference of Shipyard
I     Without
j electrical   r ,.i i;er ���    i
weik aril practirallv
!   '������.-.-'   fi   '-.- !f time
| tee   I.   ('.   Kleetrie   K-ilsray  Comfuny
! I'.ir    -i.i.w    reason    or   otSer   the   <-��ri
I |��::-.v     finds    it    iarouvt-_i<|ct    to    Vi���p
jth<��e men employed, although ike mes
make   the  claim   t!:at   there   is   plenty
jof work that eoald be done, and whi.-h
creordiag to government   requirements
should be done.
TI.e local union of Electrical Worker* has the matter under consideration
and will take tbe subject up with tbe
company within the aext few days.
In addition to dismissing men in
the shipyards at Bremen, the North
German shipbuilders have now suited an offensive at Stettin.
In a statement to the Workmen's
Council of the four Stettin yards,
the owners declare that aniens they
cast build ahipa at taw cast price of
3,500 marks per ton- in place of 4.-
900, aa now, they will be unable to
meet foreign competition. The decrease la cost BoSsJd he made possible by a new piece work rate, which
will be equivalent to a redaction of
50 nsr cent.
The Workmen's Council now demands the speedy summoning ��� of a
delegate conference of the shipyard
workers of North Germany, to work
Eight Men Quit the Government
Merchant Marine
Life is a matter of thinking.
Delegate  Has  Right  to
Aspire to
Eight   Desertions.
OTTAWA���It    is    anticipated    that The  Observer sailed  for Halifax
there will be at least 501) delegates in where the crew was signed on, and
attendance at  the  annual Trades and came to Vancouver via the Panama
Labor Congress which is being held at Canal.     After   going   on   to   Ocean
oat a common line of action against Winnipeg next week. Kails she went aonth to San Pedro
Tom   Moore,   president  of   the  con
Six Weeks With Hard Labor Is
Being Handed Out By-
Following the conviction last
week of John Queen and Fred Cor-
bett, marine firemen charged with /'
"desertion" from the S. S. Canadian Rover, cornea the sentence of
John Hayes, a deck boy on the Canadian Observer, of the C. G. M. M.
He was sentenced by Justices of
the Peace A. J. B. Mellish and J. W.
Prescott Monday afternoon, to six
weeks in the penitentiary with hard
labor for desertion of the ship at
Vancouver on August 8th.
the attack
In any case, very little can be done
To press for immediate i*in<tra-, _����� _,����� _*cIo��r conUct betmmM
I the . British   and   German   shipyard
workers, and a common plan of ac-
gress. stated that there were 2.000 aifil-
on    the    Californian    coast,   subsequently returning to Vancouver. On
tion.   formed    for    the   preservation ; which  would arise in which they were
iatcd bodies entitled to send represcnta- J arrival here eight members of the
lives, and that some oi these would be i crew refused to Stay with the ship
well   represented   because   oi   matters' any longer.    They were accordingly
and 5 improvement  of their standard
of living.
Keep away from the City oi Winnipeg. The r<.ml.iiiation of Restaurant em
ploycrs who arc not by any means slow
' in   charging   top   prices   Ukes   special
; pains lo weed out the boy or girl who
A    rules    committee    of   five    were j carries a I'nion Card.    Chir eiiorts to-
elected   as   follows:   T.   Roberts,   Main- ' Hard building up the I'nion meets with
laud Soldiers' Council: J. Nixon, Trades 1 strenuous   opposition,   nevertheless   we
iin.l   labor  Council;   T.   P.   McDowell,   will win.   There is a few faith fnl hoys
Honk. Hotel and Restaurant Employees,
Itetail Merchants' Association; J. Van
and Mrs. H. Glynn Ward, authoress.
The next meeting will be held in the
lull at 319 Pender street west on the
evening of August 22.
Oil Workers
Talking Strike
Many Thousand Will Re Involved
Unless Employers Reach
., .. -   Maier.   international   secretary"-   will
Several thousand oil field workersj *��*���"' *nd.with *rms' "*��.��� P1**""^!* German translator and editor-in-
demonstration were insufficient .cnjef
|     R.   Kaplin. of the United   States.
, will be the American correspondent.
will strike September 1 unless the
operators of fifteen California communities agree to the government's
request for a conference. This action has been decided upon by the
district council of the oil workers,
consisting of representatives from
every district in the state. For four
years the Oil Field, Gas Well and
Refinery Workers Union has, in conjunction with the government and
employers, held conferences at various times to adjust wages and conditions and obtained satisfactory results. The operators now want this
plan discontinued, and after futile
attempts to obtain a conference- the
district council, backed,by the local
unions, has issued the following statement:
"If the attitude of the California
oil operators continues to be such
that the oil workers cease to work
for them on September 1st the action
will not be taken on the question of
willing to enter s conference and to
"The oil workers are perfectly
discuss any adjustment of wages that
may be thought necessary in view of
present and future economic conditions.
"The strike therefore will not come
upon the question of wages, hours
or conditions, but solely upon the
refusal of the oil operators to meet
the government and the oil workers
to discuss the terms of the government plan which haa kept peace in
the California indusctry for the past
four years."
As this paper goes to press word
over the wire that the Department
of Labor at Washington has been notified that the Pacific Oil Co., which
represents the entire railroad group
in the state of California, has agreed
to continue the same agreement with
the oil workers for another year
without any reduction in wages and
deal with the government as heretofore. This company employes shout
one-third of the oil workers in the
Soldiers    Hold    Mass   Meeting
Which Create Dramatic
Scenes in Vienna
A proposal to re-introduce the military salute to officers in the street
haa led to dramatic scenes in Vienna.
A mass meeting of soldiers belonging to the Vienna garrison, protested against the plana of the new
War Minister, Vaugoin, which include not only the re-introduction of
the salute but the curtailment of the
rights of the Soldiers' Councils, one
of the still remaining fruits of the
revolution of 1913.
"With Anas Next Time"
��� After   the   meeting   the   soldiers
marched to the war office, shouting
"Down with Vaugoin." "Down with
reaction."    '
A soldier made a speech in front
of the war office, in which he declared   that   they   would   assemble
:md girls who reiuse lo lie trodden
down by this so-called Caterers' Association, of mixed nationalities.
International    Organider.    Hotel    and
Restaurant   Employees'   Union.
First International Labor Paper
Is Soon to Be
Vienna.���An international journal, one of the first in the labor
world, will soon be launched by the
International P. T. T.. the postal
workers international. Its headquarters are in Vienna, and it comprises most of the European countries and several of the South American republics.
A feature of the magazine will be
the contributing articles by the various sections of the international.
Each article will be printed in three
languages ��� English, German and
Bowen, of the English Postal Union, will translate into English from
the French; Fraiture. of the French
section, will translate from the
English into French, and Dr. Ludwig
Ford isn't playing the game
square with his fellow plutocrats.
He is reducing rates on his railroad
and raising wages. Something must
be done to stop this crazy man who
ia operating a railroad on freight
rates based on the actual cost of the
railroad in place of adding millions
of watered stock and making rates
in proportion. So one of the big
coal companies hss asked the Interstate Commerce Commission to re-' women blind in sweatshops, and then
strain Ford  from  "reducing" rates jendow eye hospitals!" ?
on  coal.     Won't  the  consumer   of) 	
coal be glad to hear this? One-fifty for a year's sub.
Isatlorc Duncan, the dancer, may not
understand politics, but she certainly
knows something about economics.
Relating the story of bow she refused
to dance for a Christmas charity dinner
to the poor children from the East Side
of Xew York, she said, in a gentle voice:
**I   hate  charity.    Rich    men    work
vitally intere<ti tl.
���Keicrriiijf; to the reports from Toronto as to candidates for th" presidency
tliis year. Mr. Moore stated that every
Helcfca'e  to the Congress had the  right
lagged, and ordered to be put under
: arrest   by   Captain   Cooper,   muster   of
the vessel.
All the witnesses gave evidence to
i the effect that the food was bad, and
the   forecastle,   where   the   men  ate
to  aspire  to the  prcsidenrv.  and   iht-v i*"eir meals and slept, was dirty and
should  look upon   it  as their  duty,  i i   verminous.
they fell thcm-'elves capable of giving
good service, to offer themselves as
candidates before the convention.
Promoters of the great "American (?) plan" are beginning to fear
they will be compelled to ride their
own goat.
Get aa off year knees and defend
yourself.   Oat into the anion. Take
of your fetch*
LOS ANGELES. CaL���It amy inter
est admirer* of Mary Pick font and
Douglas Fairbanks to kaow that when
the " American Flan." with wage eat
trimmings, was announced in the moving picture industry here recently, resulting ia a strike which is still en
among tbe motion picture mechanic*,
these two stars signed a contract with
Were Fed "Pig Slop"
Hayes, on the stand, said that the
meat was unfit for human consumption. The meat and vegetables were
all put together into one dish like
"pig's slop." The cook was not clean
in the way he handled the food with
his hands. They didn't get milk in
their coffee, and for ten days before coming to Vancouver they had
only brown sugar instead of white.
They were given a kind of powder
in place of milk. They complained
to the steward about the quality of
the food aad the service, but he took
no notice of it \ deputation from
tiki asm__���_���_<_ ������*���*���*^p_ the
Th* forecastle was filthy and the
bedding full of vermin. Witness said
he chucked his bed overboard and
slept on some straw that had been
used in packing eggs. He was given
one clean blanket during the thirty-
five days he was aboard. The forecastle was messy, and had from an
inch to half an inch of water on the
floor, while the lavatory near the
door waa broken, the men having to
carry water from midships to flush
it out. They complained to the chief
mate about this condition of the lavatory.   Witness said he went to the
is acthoritv for the statement.
tbe union to employ only anion meehsn
i*,  under  elo^   shop  conditions,  and I ��jp^r Vn" AugtlsTlth^nd ' reYuSed
as  far as  possible ,o use only' naion ( ^ u^ the ship out because of the
made materials in the making of their t coodHion and quality of the food and
pitture*.  Harry  A.  Tibbet,  viee-presi  ; the fihh and condition of the ship,
dent of the Los Angeles Labor eouneil.
Police See Filth.
Detective James Ellice, of the Vancouver police force, who took custody of the eight men on board the
ahip, said he inspected the forecas-
nThtO   THIsf-a    Rirh   ,,e  of the 8h'P ���"����  found  it in  a
A lie   lllie   1VICI1  filthy condition and badly ventilated.
.  The condition of the toilet was bad
Big Sums Paid to the Heirs of | shown some meat and rice all mix-
Pensions For
Old British War
ed np in a dish or black pot, and it
waa anything but appetising.
Captain Hann, of the police patrol  boat testified  that  he had five
years' experience as a sailor, and the
unanswered���question  was  pul   to ; foreeasfc^e of the  Observer was the*,
Treason   Bench   by   XI r.   Walter i dirtiest of any Ship he had ever been
Seven   other   members   of   the
Meetings Next Week
For time and place of meeting sse Trades Union Directory
Iron Workers
Carpenters, Bro.
Electrical Workers
Seamen's Union
Carpenters, Amal.
Locomotive Engineers
Machinists' 082
Policemen's Union
Hotel & Rest Employees
Teamster's Union
Sheet Metal Workers
Milk Wagon Drivers
Pile Drivers
Photo Engravers
Typographical Union
I-ondon���Tht- other day a pertinent
Halls,   the  new  member   for  Radcliffe
and   Hevwood.   The   pension   of   the' ^",'riJTt    T���**!, ��'   "1  T"
Irish   Lord  Chancellor  ��s  under  dis- *��nd 'JS*  1-5     *.        A T  ��f   ^T
cussion: and  Mr   Halls askedwhether S^d^ Se",tnCed *�� "* ^
the recrment had t<t-n questioned ab��ut ti...  �����_���  . t  ,u                        > ��� -    .
his mr-ns ~   .       nan,C5  of   ��hr   men  are.   All red
the Labour Farty. trtves some very in- '
teresting   information ��� about
and M. Collins.
The sentence is the same as that im-
that  arc  paid  without   any inriuishion. ��� nn^^A .1.- ��,,.._,��� i-_ "VV ""
"We* pav  annually.- sav4 The  Bui -I ??- -     P^ious day on John Hayes,
i chained with a similar offence.
txim to_Lorf Nelson been,*,    In  thc ^ o(  -^  mnpkt ���,c
- of the Battle of Trafalgar, and IZIfO!,
= a year ,o the heirs of Lord RodneVbe- "tTTf desert oA TnT "T? ��a
amse he best de Grassc; also ��2.(100 a \ihathTwi\ mmM^T'    .'       " 1��""^
��-r to 1^1 R,���t-���  i^ .k- rU ��hat he was unable to continue on board
snip and do his duties as fireman lie
vear to Ijnd Raglan for the Crimean
War. and ��2.000 a year to Lord Napier because his father killed the Abyss inians.
"We pay also, for the Battle of Hastings ! Ard perhaps it is because of the
Lords who trot Magna Charta that we
paid in 1919-20. to* Lord George Hamil
ton ��2.000. and to Lord Balfour of
Knrleigh. ��1200.
The heirs oi the Duke of Schomberg
receive ��360 a year; all that is left
after commuting their original pension
of ��2280 a year.
"Queen Alexandra gets ��70.000 a
vear from the taxes, and other relatives of Edward VII. get ��80.000 a
year. The King's household and upkeep of palaces cost ��470^000 a year.
In this connection it is worth recalling that the Chancellor of the Exchequer, opposing Mr. Arthur Henderson's
motion to abolish the limit for old-
age pensioners, argued that if this were
done the poor, would complain that
rich people who did not need it were
receiving pensions.
cause of incapacity from an old wound
received in the war.
Male workers in the shirt factories in Glasgow. Scotland, receive
from 40c to 48c an hour, white the
female workers get from lie to 22e
an boa���.
LONDON.���The 1921 membership
of the General Federation oi Trades
Unions is 1,683.058, according to
the twenty-second annual report just
named. The 1920 membership waa
1.480,108. Although a number of
unions have ceased their affiliation
to the federation during the year
others have joined,- making the total
number of affiliations tbe same aa
the previous year.
The federation is endeavoring to
^__�� International Trades Union
Conerja, ��rf English-speaking peoples "for the eo-edifieation and unifiea-
tion of trade union policy in those
countries whose institutions and de-
*mm*n^K ij**-1" *re similar in char-
���__���__, **��� Pcopeaal has received
acknowledgment from America, Ca-
and South Africa.
___-***!?���"���  government  depart-
* 5_.G__5* Brn-in employ a to-
108,807 -
i . ..���
' ' '
 1 {	
Official Organ of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council and Affiliated
_, Unions.
Control  Committee:   F.  W.  Welsh.  P.
R. Bengough, and W. J. Bartlctt.
Published every Friday at Labor Hall.
319 Pender Street West
Telephones Seymour 7495-74%
Vancouver, B.O.
Second Class mailing privileges applied
Subscription Rates:
92.00 per year by mail in Canada
$2.50 per year outside Canada
Advertising Rates upon application
H  W. WATTS      Editor and Manager
FRIDAY, An.l'ST ��� !>. 1!��21
era for better food, better clothing,
new.'household effects, furniture, la-
bar-saying appliances, luxuries and
amusements. There is no doubt that
the needs of the workers snd their
families have increased since 1910,
hence when the employers use these
index numbers for the purpose of
reducing wages, in conjunction with
the supposed reduction in the cost of
living, then the employee is being
unfairly dealt with and the general
public misinformed. This is a subject that should be looked into by
the Trades and Labor Congress at
(Conducted   by   Sydney   Warren)
it seems to us that it might save a
lot of bloodshed if the British terms
were accepted, tried out, and if found
unsatisfactory, the Irish demands
again placed before, what���in view
of the approaching election���might
be an entirely new government.
 i  *
Reciprocity may become an important issue in tbe next Dominion elections in order to satisfy the ever-increasing number of bootleggers along
both sides of the border.
The industrial outlook shows a
sign of improving in spite of the
closing down and slowing down of
more industries. The unemployment
situation has been slightly relieved
by the need of harvest hands on the
prairies, but there is absolutely no
ground for assuming that the worst
of the situation is over. The British Columbia government has started the machinery, to devise ways and
means for taking care of the unemployment situation this winter, and it
is to be hoped that the suggestions
made by the Trade Union officials
and the various business interests,
are put into practice. We are reminded, in this regard, of the National Industrial Conference held in
Great Britain in February, 1919 and,
which has just resigned, the government having shelved all the recommendations. This conference, composed of Trade Union and Employers'
representatives, was called together
to advise the government on industrial policy and legislation. A large
joint committee comprising thirty big
employers and thirty trade union officials, drew up a series of proposals
which were unanimously endorsed by
a full session of the joint conference
and accepted by Lloyd George on
the government's behalf. These proposals included the legal enactment
of the universal forty-eight-hour
week, important minimum wage legis-
lation. special measures for dealing ese e*f' Dr' Warnock, deputy mm
ister of agriculture, at Victoria, said
on his return from the convention of
Most of us know Lafcadio Hearn
as one of the few white men who
have succeeded in interpreting the
oriental viewpoint of life. The following, taken from his "Kokoro."
shows that this colourful writer felt
keenly the economic injustices of today:
"We consider the cost of a thing
purchased or obtained to ourselves;
about its cost in effort to the producer we do not allow ourselves to
think; indeed, we should be laughed
at for any exhibition of conscience
on the subject. And our equal insensibility to the pathetic meaninc
of the work of the  present, largefyv
"Wc cannot and will not accept"
Britain's offer says De Valera. And
of course the British government, as
at present constituted, will not agree I
to complete separation. This will ' explains the wastefulness of our civ-
mean the continuation of the bloody ��� ilization���the reckless consumption
wiser���until the next boom comes ! of luxury of the labor of years in
.      ., .   . '__      ���   ,.���,., . [the  pleasure of an  hour���the  inhu-
for  the  past   two   years.     It  would   maJyof the thoU8and8 of u���think-
secm that Ireland thinks that Eng- I jng rjehf each of whom dissipates
land is insincere in her promises, but J yearly in the gratification of totally
unnecessary wants the price of a
hundred human lives. The cannibals
of civilization are Unconsciously
more cruel than those of savagery,
and require much more flesh."
Union   Boosts   Goods  Made
Firm Fair To Union
After the British Columbia "oil
boom" is over there will be a great
many people who will be sadder, but
wiser���until the next fake comes
We might just aa well have a
Press gang" in action for manning
ships, instead of picking up road-
sweepers to steer ships on the high
seas, and filling the jails with real
seamen who object to starvation and
unsanitary conditions.
Poultry men of the United States
and Canada have joined to obtain
better protection against the swamping of'their home markets with Chin-
with the unemployment situation and
a number of other specific reforms.
To date not one of these reforms
have been carried out. The conference was-called at a time when the
labor aituation was very threatening
on account of the return to civil
life of the war veterans. Since then
Great Britain, with the aid of an unemployment dole, haa "muddled
through" the industrial crisis, but is
still faced with a big unemployed
The problem here may take a similar turn unless steps are taken to
avoid it, because most of the harvest
hands sent east by the government
Employment Bureau, will return to
the  Coast,  aad   with  them  will  come
thousands more from the eastern provinces, as is usual every winter. This
influx will naturally tend to aggravate the situation here, hence it is to
be hoped that the British Columbia
conference will not only arrive at a
plan to relieve the situation, but will
speed it up snd see to it that the
proposals offered are pot into practice. The misery of poverty and tbe
pangs of hunger cannot bo relieved
by soft words nor promises. Crime
and hate cannot be subdued with
policeman's clubs. Honest and sincere action ia what ia needed at the
present time.    Let us to it.
the poultrymen at Seattle. Labor needs
to push the campaign against the importation of Chinese labor.
Now that the government f ontrol
of railroads in Great Britain is over,
tie owners.will in all possibility demand a big subsidy to clear off the
"mess" that government control
made. It might be pointed out, however, that the owners took great care
to have a "mess" made of the British
railroads, just as the owners did in
the United States.
Two simultanious attacks are made
upon the cost of living figures produced by the government statisticians. One is made in the United
States and the other in Great Britain. At a joint committee of representatives of the Parliamentary
Committee, the Labor Party, the Cooperative movement and the Trade
Union movement, appointed to inquire into the cost of living in Great
Britain, it was discovered that the
Ministry of Labor's index number is
defective, inasmuch as it weighs rent
and taxes too heavily, underestimate*
the relative importance of clothing
"'MvON'TO���At a special meet in, of
tbe Canadian Teachers' Federation,
called at the request of the Manitoba
Federation to consider the dismissal of
Principal W. D. Bayley, of King
Oeorge's school in St. Boniface, Man.,
the following resolution was adopted:
"The principal of King Oeorge's
School of St. Boniface, Man., having
appealed for a board of reference re
his summary dismissal from his school,
the Canadian Teachers' Federation,
whilst aot ia any way expressing an
opinion aa to the merits of the ease,
ask all teachers to refrain from apply-,
ing for the above position until a decision bat been reached by the board
of  reference."
Mr. Bayley waa dismissed because of
an address he delivered in the Labor
Church in Winnipeg This address was
so reported in the various newspapers
a* to cause the board of education to
decide on bis dismissal. Principal Bayly stated that the reports were, incorrect.
Big Order And Recommendation
Goes To Fair American
Engine Company
A conference recently held between
I'resident \V. H. Johnston, of the International Association of Machinists and
representatives of the Mexican Government has brought forth the follow
inn letter from that'government.
This conference was held for the purpose of trying to arrange for the pur-
liase of American made machinery from
factories fair to organized labor. Here
i,  th  eletter  which  explains  itself:
Mexico. I). F.. June 15th, 1921.
Mr.  William   H.  Johnston. '���'
President.  International  Asso. of
Room  705, Machinists'   Building.
Washington. D. C.
My Dear Mr. Johnston :
Some time ago we wrote informing
you of our determination to purchase
machinery, trucks, autos. etc., only from
shops fair to organized labor. At the
same time we requested you to kindly
fumish us the names of such manufacturers of fire engines, apparatus and
supplies.     ���
VVc thank you for complying with our
rrniirst. and acting upon your advice
and recommendation we have placed an
France Fire Engine Company, Inc., of
initial order with the American-La
F.lmira. New York, amounting to
$49,589.11. net. f.o.b.. Elmira. This order
was for fire engines, parts and supplies.
At the same time we recommended
this firm.to the governor of the State
of Puebla. Mexico, who is on the market for fire apparatus.
Hoping to. count always with your co
operation, I remain,
Fraternallv vours.
~""~~���- ��� Governor.
The International Association of
was a source of cheap labor supply! Machinists has entered a new field
he was welcomed by business men which is sure to bring results. Regard
but now that he is encroaching upon ! |cs, of the fact that President Johnston
their own domain he has become a : was refused admittance to Russia, this
horse of a different color. I organization has been one of the great-
fsJ   __vocatcs 0f  trading  with   Russia
TWO MODERN DON QUIXOTES     . that is    within    the    American    Labor
���'���  | Movement.
Two    modern    Don    Quixotes,    Con- j    The  machinists  offered  to    do    the
stantine of Greece and Alphonso of, purchasing for the Russian government.
Trades Union Directory
I Secretaries arc requested to keep this Directory up-u>J.it,- I
Vancouver Unions
"Artful" Arthur Meighen met his
cabinet last week. Now, if Arthur
will only meet the rest of the country he will be spsred this duty.
Wm. A. Brady's statement to the
U. S. Senate Committee, that over
four thousand moving picture houses
have gone to the wall, suggests that
even the "Great Unwashed" is becoming surfeited with eternal triangles and salacious comedies- not to
mention inane censorship.
Grant, Whyte & Company's affairs are in a very bad way, their
creditors discovered at a general
meeting laat week. Estimated liabilities amount to approximately
$110,000, with live assets of $2,800.
A question by one of the creditors
elicited the statement that neither
Mr. Grant nor Mr. Whyte had suffered personally through-the debacle.
What a naive question to ask.
resident   P.
Secretary.   P.   liengough.     Office   191
I_bor  Hall.    31�� Pender Street   We��t
Phone Seymour 7I>5.    MeeU   in Labor
Hall at  S p.m.  on th* first and third
Thursdays  In  month.
O.  C.  Thom.   Seerstsry.   Boy   Massscar,
OOUs  210 Lab-- Hall. Masts first sn*
third Wsrtn���day la lonta ��t Libor H-IL
���_a_st aa__aara_. LJoai no in���
President. H. Curtis: Secretary. W. j
Hay new. 327 Kiev-nth Avenue Kast. I
Meets at SIS I'ender Street West on I
second   Monday   of  each   month
_ -President. John
Brown. Secretary. Geo. AniunJ. IKS
Albert Blreet. Meets at Labour Hall
at S p.m. on flrat   and third  Friday.
VartvM Or ���. <L���President. Dan Cen-
Ua:   gsetstsrr.   W.   HunsMsoa.   lot  Msia
JMrert at T pat. first snd third WeJsnsiv
nVttmm. Loral No. ��<4���President.
J. Smith: Secretary. R Showier. SI*
Pender Street West. Meets at SI*
lender Street West at TTp.m. on second  ami   fourth   Fridays  tn  month.
As long as the "little brown man'
Cardiff, Wales���Tbe annual meeting of the British Trades Union Congress will be held in Cardiff, Wales,
commencing September 5. Resolutions presented refer to the functioning of the triple alliance of miners,
railway men and dockers; the repeal
of the emergency powers act, a war
measure which unionists claim is be-
m ing need against strikers, and a plan
aad attaches too little weight to the ��__ *��� /0B*r*" *�� *���_���*  ��,Ter �����
-_.-.-. -* ��._>v_- i* ��    s-. I trade union colleges.,   It is also proposed   that   congress,   through   all
trade  nnion  channels,  shall  immediately link up with all co-operative
group of "other items." The committee contends that there has been
an improvement in tbe dress of wage
workers and their families, the homes
of the workers are, in general, better
furnished and equiped and there haa
also been considerable change in
working class habits since the family
budget of 1904 was compiled. This
is also true of Canada and the index
number supplied by the Department
of Labor, might be made to read
differently, were such changes as the
above taken into consideration. If
the standard of living of tbe workers
is to remain the same as when tbe
figures were first compiled, in 1910,
then the business element need have
little hope of finding markets or buy-
societies for the purpose of feeding
workers during strike periods. This
resolution will have many friends especially among the miners, because
of their favorable experience with
the co-ops. during their recent strike.
"Every member of a trade union
should feel himself obligated to do
his full share in the important work
of building up the press of the labor
movement; he should at least support the paper of his union and one
or more of the papers of hisWty.
aad above all he should read thera
aad school himself in the art of intelligent criticism and let the editor
hoar from him when he has a crit-
to offer or a suggestion to
Spain, in an effort to bolster up the
military spirit amongst their subjects, have ventured forth upon an
aggressive conquest of their nearest neighbor. The former is leading
the .Greeks in an imperialistic war
against the Turkish Nationalists,
while Alphonso is directing, from the
Escurila, the Spanish Juans against
the Moroccan tribesmen.
Thus far, the Greeks have reported phenomenal successes, yet the outcome will probably mult in the
Turks massing their forces against
their bombastic invaders with disastrous consequences to the Hellenes.
In such an event there will be another "For Rent" sign on the Royal
Palace in Athens.
' With Spain affairs have gone badly. The Moon have forced Spanish
troops to evacuate Nador and Set-
luan- the key cities to the Spanish
position before Mellila, and are now
said to be holding five thousand
Spanish prisoners.
In both Grecian and Spanish campaigns, the loss of life and property
haa been enormous, and rapine, murder and fire have stalked in the wake
of these "Christian" armies.
The "Great" European Powers,
forming the League of Nations, have
decided to maintain strict neutrality,
while these two royal parasites carry
on the wholesale butchery of their
duped subjects.
Indeed, it is a peace "that passeth
all understanding."
but the U. S. attitude, towards Russia
would not permit it.
News in Brief |
p m.
K.   I*,   (i/ugh:   Secretary,
Lean.    2<>35   Broadway   West
at   31S   Pender   Street   West   at
 every third   Tuesday in month
l....al Xo. 1 ID���President. I'. R Her-
rett: Secretary. A. It. Jennie. S2S
Cambie Street. Meets Itoom 313. II*
Pender Street Went, at 7:15 p.m. on
second ami fourth Tuesdays in month.
Mi^amarmm, amor Tomowa*   a
���XUPKBUS, Local No. 1S1���President.
W. J. Martlett. Secretary, T Mellugh.
1444 Sixth Avenue West. Meet* at
.119 Pen'der Street West at t p-m. on
third Tuesday of each month.
iaoa iBiraotiD
a arsrarama. Local No   m
President. It. Lynn: Secretary. A.
Fraser. Room J03, SI*' Pender Street
West. Meets at Si* Pender 8treel
West, at k p.m. on first and third
Mondays   of each month.
Local Xo. n��~jseoi���lary.
L   Amos   its  Cordova  Street-     Meets
,   I       at   141 Cardlra   Street, at  I  pm     on
k second and fourth Thursdays In month.
ssrp i�����*���� psornma. ami���an, waaar'i
President I     tBOCK  ���OTLDXOBa,   Loesl   No.   .401���
W    H    Mc-'     l*r**ldent.   W.   H.   Pollard:   Secretary.
Meets''     v   "   v*rnon. Bos 32��     Meets at   SI*
*  pm. '     P'nder Street  West.   Vancouver,   at  I
i> m. on .- v .>:.��! and fourth Fridays  of
photo smaaaTXata*"ToeTrxoT"*?"""^
President. P. Lonne)���; Secretary. Gor-
don Rlmards. 27*2 Fifth Avenue West.
Meets at World Building. Vancouver,
at  * p.m. ->n slat unlay of each week.
l-x-al Sn *.*���President. Charles Keall.
Secretary. Alfred Hurry. S(l Thirty-
'ourth Averue Fast. Meets at SI*
Pender Street West, at S p.m. on first
Wednesday  in  month.
F-TTKBur    ainti   #TiiisiiC    <T
Hey*.   Secretary.   J.   u   Irvine:   Bual-
aoor ann aaron
I��eal No. SSC ��� President. Thos.
Andley: Secretary. Tom Cory. 445
Vernon Iiriye. Meets at SI* Pender
Street West at I p.m. on first Tuesday
in month.
I'���President. 'Brns-t Wild*:
Secretary. Wm. a Dagnell. Box SS.
Vancouver. Meeta at SI* Pander St..
on second and fourth Wednesdays In
. Local No. *T
���I'roidrm. B Broasoa: Secretary,
Roy Masseear. SI* Pender Street West.
Meets at SI* Pender Street West, at
S p.m   e��ery  Msedsy.
a^Mt_SnVX��_Taa, Local 1��5 -President.
Geo. Mowat: Secretary. Frank Milne.
Box 411. MeeU at SI* Pender Street
West at S p.m. every third Wednesday
In month.
CTV1C KaTJf LOTSB���, Lorn I Xo. 28���
President. J. White: Secretary. G.
Harrison. Office 14S Cordova Street
West. Meets at 14S Cordova Street
West at % i> m. on the first and third
Friday  in  month.
Local No.
5*���President. H. A. Black: Secretary.
Aid. W. J. Sciibben. City Hall. Meets
at 148 Cordova Street West, at S p.m.
on  first  Wednesday of each  month.
452���President Geo. H. Hardy: Secretary. W. J. Johnston: Business
Agent. C. C. Thom. Office 3*4 Labor
Hall. Meets second and fourth Mon-
dsy at �� p.m. In sstihor Hall.
nese Agent. R A. Goddard. SI*
Richards Street Meets at SI* Pender
Street West on first and third Moo-
day  in month at  �� p.m.
I.er*l .Vs. 170���Presideat. Kert Snrss.- ,--.
Bseretary J. Crewtber; Basiaess Afsnt.
T ,W. Welsh. Office SOI Leber Hall
Meets al Sl�� Pender Street West, si S
p.m, on seeoad snd fearth Fridays.
"OUcbtM���sr*j   " a PBafaTlftaf���  Local
No. 1   -President. Roy  A.
rotary. Alexander Murray. US* Tenth
��*__���������_*��"*���   ">*����� at- t��S  Pender
2__LW__-t- ��l   7:M a-"*- OB   fourth
TnewJay or month.
>STWJSltfgTAa- C<B____TTB���T. ft __' ft.
gsaL'Biaa, W. J. Bsrtlett   "
-Presideat. D. "j.
����eCarthy; Secretary. O. EL JaaMB,
IMS Odium Drive. Meeta at 41* Pender Street West. Vanrouver. at 7:1*
P.m. on laat Friday In month.
Local Na SS���President. 8 W Myers:
Secretary. R B Stephenson. Box M4.
MeeU at IIS Hastings Street. Vancouver, at ( p.m. on second Tuesday ta
SULTUSOAD BaVKOTaaa. Division No.
s*���President. A. N. Lowes: Secretary.
Charles Bird. 2*S* Union Street.
MeeU at I.O.O.F Hall. SIS Hamilton
Street, at S p.m. on first Monday ta
���*_*W7AT OOSnrveiXtoaa, Division No.
2��7���President. O. W. Hatch: Secretary
J. B. Physlek I15C Thurlow Street.
Meets ad I.O.O.F. Hall on flrat Sunday
at 2 p.m.. and on third Thursday at
��  p.m.
Secretary. No. 1 Branch. R. C. Walker. 14C l*th Ave. W., meets second
Tuesday. Secretary. Xo. 2. Branch. W.
Bray. (0 ICth Ave. W.. meets fourth
Tuesday In month at 14S Cordova St.
President.   C.
D. A. Munro,
A.   Mitchell
r* Seventh Aven
.cal fix
:  S*ei
ren us
o. lii
Detroit, Mich.���Moving picture operators have secured settlements
with several theatres, after conducting a vigorous contest against these
' Oklahoma City���After attempting
for several months to operate on an
"open shop" basis, the Royal Baking
j Company here capitulated to the
bakers' union and signed every one
of the union terms, including stipulations concerning night work pay.
The Associated Advertising Clubs
of the World, with headquarters in
Indianapolis, makes the statement
that "ninety-five per cent, of the
oil stock advertising offered to newspapers today is unworthy, and publishers who want to be honest to
their subscribers are refusing to give
it space.
Culture ia the masque greed puts
on to hide her callousness.
���    *    ��
Now we live to work, some day we
shall work to live and then will life
take on a greater significance for all
of ua
'    I *  *TV*.,    *
Truth  ia like  a woman
graph���we  love  it  because
not know what she really is like���-
and if we did���
e     ���     ���
The well-fed will not believe the
hungry simply because they are well
e     *     ���
Miracles are easier made than
science understood. We can fancy
a God before we can understand a
Hank's hired man
*I Catal
an says
late that it would be a hull lot wiser
to hsve as much respect for a politi-
shun, aa a feller haa for a rattlesnake. They Un help them plutocrats rob us uv our eyeteeth and then
get a majority uv us to put 'em back
into office."
. Local No. S57���President. G. Thomas; SeereUry, R. J.
Craig, 3* Kootenay Street. Meets al
SIS Pender Street West, at S p.m. on
first Tuesday in month.
Meets at I.O.O.F Halt. Hamilton Street
at 7:S* p.m. on first Tuesday and 2-J*
p.���.on  third Tuesday.
Local 2IS���
President. D. W. McDougall: Secretary,
F. R Rurrowa; Business Agent. RH.
Morrison. Office 44* Pender Street
West. MeeU at 44* Pender Street
West  at  S   p.m.  every Monday.
Local    No.     J7l
President.   A.   P.   Glen:   SeereUry.    O. jpi
T.   Brown.  SU* Twenty-seventh   Ave, /V"
Wt��t . Meeta  at  SI*    Pender,   Street*
"est  at t p.m.  on   first   aad    third
. Lonal Xo. IS��� President. Percy Trevlse: Secretary. Chas.
A. Watson. No. S Fire Hall. Twelfth
and Quebec Street*. Vancouver. MeeU
at  21* Pender Street West
Local No. IS*
President. Mrs. W. Mahon: SeereUry.
Ada Hawksworth. SS1�� Fleming Street.
Meets at Labour Hall at * p.m. on
f|rst Thursday In month.
Local No. 2t���Presiklent. J. Camming*
SeereUry. J. W. vanllook. 441 Seymour
Street.    Meeta at 441   Seymour Street
at 2:3* p.m. on second and   S:S* p.m.
on fourth Wednesday* In month.
a sav
- '���-President C. K. C. Craig:
SeereUry. Oeo. Gray. 1��3�� First Ave
Bast. MeeU at Kagle*- Hall. Vancouver at 2:3* p.m. on first and third
Sunday* In month.
naanTRBa, LsesI S: ��SS���President. W
M. "trows. Secretary. Bin Showier Offle*
SOS Leber HalL Meets seesad and fearth
Wednesday at S pm.  la Laber Hall.
The Amalgamated Society of Car-
neaters and Joiners has amalgamated with the Progressive Society of
Carpenters and Joiners of Australia. The new organization will be
known as the Amalgamated Society
of Carpenters and Joiners of Australia, and will have a membership
of 15.000.
_jr*_*"v'1-"-., _-__
'��� l*0***" ^8yrney, N. S. W. (by email)���It is
e we do estimated that at least 20,000 men
are out of work in the State of Now
South Wale* 12,000 of whom are in
the city of Sydney. Probably between 50,000 and 60.000 men are unemployed in Australia at the present
time. Much of this unemployment
would be absorbed if the workers
would consent to lower wages, but
this they refuse to do.
There are but two families in the
world, the "haves" and the "have
MILWAUKEE, Wia.���The lockout
which existed in the Rhinelander
Paper Company mills, Rhinelander,
aver since April 6, ended with the
millmen scoring several points, according to R. G. Knutson, Wisconsin Industrial Commission, who went
to Rhinelander to investigate at the
request of the Wisconsin Federation
of Labor. Three hundred workers
were affected.
The company withdrew its objection to reemploying union men. Another point scored by the workers
was the concession by the officials
to take back IS men jailed during
z5?t0p__*t,.on.of ����� >"*Jn��ction issued
while the lockout wm ia operation.
Local No.
42���Presideat. J. K. Dawson. Secretary.
F T. Kelly. ISM Hastings Street Rest.
Meeta second and fourth Mondays in
month.   II* Pender Street.
jstw-sm. wotrM, was a atanraa.
Local No. 2*7���President, A. B. Flnly.
Secretary. A. P. Surges. St* Flfty-
seventh Avenue Kast. Meet* at lit
Holdea Hullding. Vancouver, at S p.m.
on first and   third  Fridays  In  month.
j Local No. 44���Presi-
iient. H. J. Rhode*: Secretary. H. Walker. IMS Pendrell Street. MeeU at
Room S**. SI* Pander Street West, at
S n.m. on third Wednesday In month.
hood of. Division No. .lift���PrewMent.
O. p. Boston: SeereUry. H. A. B. Mae-
Ponald. 1221 Pendrlll St.. Vancouver.
Meet, st I OOF. Hsll an second sad
Fourth Tuesdays la each month at S
Local No. ���$�����President.
T. MeRwen: Secretary. H. O. Campbell
744 HelmeVen Street, Vancouver.
Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall, on first aad
third Tuesdays of each month.
Local No. 3S-S2���Secretary-Treasurer.
P. Chapman; Bueinee* Ageot. B
Richard*. IS* Cordova Street West.
Meet* at 131 Cordova Street Wast, at
S p.m.. oa first and third Fridays In
T-mnr���Business Agent. R.
Townsend. Meet* at 7 n m every
Monday at 1 S3 Cordova Blreet Weat
No S7S_ President, frank MeCann.'
Secretary. T. J. Hanafln. 137* Sixth
Avenue Weat. Vancouver. Meets at
441 Seymoar Street. Vancouver, at I:W
w.m. on flrat Sunday la
Local     Na     ��������President.
Weelman.     MeeU al SI* Pes _
W. Vancouver, at 7 3* p.m. aa
and foarth Tus*d��y* la month
BarUy: aecreUry. A. Btraie. SSt*
commercial Drive. MeeU at SIS Pander Street Weat at S pm. on
Monday in month 	
ed Association of. Division No" 1*1���
Pryiildeat. R. Ricby. SeereUry. P. _.
Orlffra. 447 Sixth Avenue Bast, Vancouver. MeeU A.O.F. Hall. Mount
Pleasant at 10:15 am on flrat Mon-
day  and 7 p.m. on third Monday.  ^
Loral If*���presi.
?2?*V.C' J5*'���**: SocreUry. F. Ramble.
1����_ Cothard Street. Meet* In Ijih-.r
Hall Vancouver at S p.m. flrat Tuea-
dav in month.
OreaATOBS    ���    loc'l
Sfcistsry.   M'ss   T
President. C Braxlnton: Bseretary.
Fred Walsh. Sll Hastinn Street W
MeeU at III Hasttnirs Street Weat at
S am. on alternate nights weekly.
J. Local No. 17����� Presl-
R   A.   Lawaon,  IMS     Seymour
l?"**Ii.**_7tar*' c- McDonald. P. O.
Boa S*J. Meeta at 31* Pender Street
"������*��� at ��� p.m. on flrat Monday la
Capo Breton has ordered a thousand copies of the pamphlet "Bankruptcy and the Bread Lines,'* which
is being issued by the Nova Scotia
Independent Labor Party. The
United Mine Workers at Sydney
have subscribed $18,000 towards the
proposed daily labor paper. Altogether Cape Breton is showing it-
realisation that the workers mast
read and study in order to find out
the remedy for present conditions.
Toronto.���Teachers from every
province in Canada were present recently at the first annual meeting
of the Canadian Teachers' Federation. The organisation was formed
last yesr in Calgary. It set out to
better the conditions of the teachers, financially and otherwise. Strike
action to enforce fair conditions for
teachers was endorsed and urged by
President Charleaworth. Ho said it
waa vitally necessary to protect the
interests of teachers ia each province, aad the federation was a step
toward co-operation.
j Local
No. 24*���President. W. McCartnev.
31* London Ruildin*-: Secretary. O.W.
Basted. 31* London Bultdln*. MeeU
at 31* London Building on first Sunday in month at 7:S* p m
 ���JL _
__ Local 22��VPrealdent
C. H. Collier: Secretary and Business
A cent. R. N. Neelanda: Office SI 4 Labor Hall. MeeU Ian Sunday la
month at t p.m.
Local No. 147���President. A. Osborne
SeereUry. A. D. McDonald. *��1 Pender Street West, Vancouver. Meet*
at S p.m. on third Thursday In month.
���Local IIS���President W. J. park: Bee
retarr. a W. Alltn: Business A��ant.
MeeU at 2*�� London Building at ��3*
d Friday ta
-President. W.
J. Clark: Bseretary. J. G. Keefe: Business Agent. P. Ben rough: Office 31*
Pender Street West MeeU at SI*
Peader 8treet Wat at I p.m. oa xaeond
and fourth Thursday. ���
. Local Wa 145���President
Bowver; SeereUry A Jamleson. 1st
London Building. MeeU at Moose
Han. Homer Street, at 1*
second Sunday ta
_ SBS���President. J
H. Robh: SeereUry. Evan McMillan;
Boainee* Agent, P. Bengough: Office
SIS Pender Street aftmt. MeeU at
Labour Hall at S p.m. oa second aad
fourth Tuesday.
wiO do better when
stops taps*ting manna from the
and begins to dig for it
Pass the paper along.
Provincial Unions
|U~*UaUa���-President. C. Slevertx. 17SS
Denman Street: Beeratary ���. Woodward. I2S3 Carlin Street. MeeU at S
P-m. oa flrat and third Wednesday*
in meata at Trade* Hall. Broad Street.
JfC��?,_.!?-..Prtoe��� iMgL Serreury.
a. WaddelU Box 452. Prtaea Rupert.
Meet* at Carpenters' Hall on second
and fearth Toeaday* of each month.
,   1. Lotman. Nelson;
Felix Pexeril. Boa 424 Nel-
��� -Preaideat James
thie. Revelatoke: SeereUry. Philip
Parker. Bag Z34. R-velstoke. MeeU
at S p.m at City Hall. Revelatoke. oa
the second aad fourth Saturday of
eaeti month. ^���~
sCnod***. 4*s Royal Aveeee: SeereUry.
R. Morgan. SIS Rastaa Street Maw
Weattrlinater. MeeU i
Wednesdays ta
Temple. New
\ !
In these columns there will be printed every week the
leading editor-Mils from other newspapers and miiguzines
fmttir iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiimniift
Labor, but particularly Labor on
the ' North American continent-
learned some things from the great
war. Chief among the lessons learned was that whoever "won" the war
it would not be difficult to tell who
would lose. In every conceivable
way the working class of every
country engaged in the contest were
the losers. But another lesson
which has been brought irito striking
relief by the war and its aftermath,
is the fact that the workers cannot
depend upon any other agency than
their own organizations for self-
protection from the greed and rapacity of the economic masters of
every nation.
Labor in the several countries
that were engaged in the war, rallied
to the support of their governments.
This was done in spite of the fact
that while the workers in the trench-1
es were suffering and dying, and
while those at home saw their standard of existence gradually being
lowered by the decreasing value of
the dollar- the economic rulers were
reaping undreamed of profits from
the prosecution of the war. During
the war the rich were all the time
growing richer and the poor were
getting poorer. In the meantime
there was great praise of the workers for the noble way in which they
were stepping into the breach to
make the world safe for democracy.
Their loyalty was unquestioned as
long as they did not themselves ask
any awkward questions. If those at
home had the temerity to complain
about their decreasing standard of
living they were made ashamed because of what their brother* were doing for the dollar ten a day. And
all the time the money kings grew
rich and richer.
But after the war is won a new
aspect is put on the whole question.
The workers who yesterday were the
saviors of civilised society are today the enemiea of stable industrial
life. As Germany threatened the
civilised world, the workers threaten the stability of industry. And
as Germany with its dream of power must be crushed in the interests
of democracy, the workers with their
desire for the application of some
of the principles of the democracy
they suffered to save, must also be
crushed. And so s new war was
declared. In all parts of the world
the battle cry rang out, "Organized
Labor must be crushed!" Wages
must be reduced and the standard of
living forced down.   The fight is on.
Labor, in the trenches, in the munition plants and in the home won
the great war. Labor in the front
line trenches of industry can win the
present fight, It can not be done
by individual effort or haphazard organisation. It can only be done by
closing up the ranks and by the enlistment of every available man and
woman in the fight The workers of
Canada are facing the crisis and
they cannot  afford  ta let the enemy
pass.���Alberta Labor News.
(George Bernard  Shaw, in  Leslie's
When a war ia over the first thing
to be done is to get rid of all the
men who come to the top by pushing
it through.
When the order was given to
cease firing in 1918 it should have
been followed instantly by an order for the transportation of Messrs. Clemenceau, Lloyd George and
Marshal Foch to some pleasant island in the South Seas or the Mediterranean and tk�� cutting off of all
communication with that favored
spot for three years at least.
Instead, they were left in charge of
the affairs of Europe. Of course
they simply continued the war
_ against enemies who had surrendered on President Wilson's terms,
which were promptly {treated aa
scraps of paper.
As there were no longer soldiers
in the field to bo killed, they killed
children by starvation. As there
were no more blockhouses and wire
entanglements to be battered down,
they battered down international
trade, by which alone Europe could
be restored after four years' devastation. They are doing it still. The
war is not over; it has only become
a one-sided war; that is, a massacre. If the massacre were being
conducted bv soldiers, at least the
soldiers would be fed and clothed.
But it is being conducted without
them, and the result is that there
are 200,000 unemployed men, ci-devant heroes, starving because they
won the war. Even the profiteers
are beginning to starve now, because their customers are ruined, at
home and abroad.
That ia the most cheerful news I
have to offer. The remedy is- of
course, to stop the war and organise peace at all costs, just as the
. war was organised. But nobody
* seems to have the slightest inten-
fm tion of doing it So much the worse
-    for civilization!
We  have  heard  a  lot about  the
mis-called "American plan" in indus- j
try. Whenever the subject comes up!
we are solemnly assured by the pro-1
ponents of the "American plan" that;
it   means   an   "open   shop,"   where
union and non-union men may work
side by side without discrimination.
That's what we are told.
This is how it works out in practice: The Moore Shipbuilding company of San Francisco, is an "American plan" shop. Recently notices
were posted, in the yards which read
as follows:
"Employees of this yard are perfectly satisfied with conditions. Anyone raupht soliciting any workman
to join any union  will he discharged."
So we see that for purposes of
enlisting support from the general
public the statement is made that no
discrimination will be practiced. In
actual practice we notice that the
reverse is true.
The posting of this notice is conclusive proof of the hypocricy of the
"American plan" advocates. It
ought to be enough to convince even
so gullible a public as the American people. If they still "fall" for
the "American plan" buncombe in
the light of this evidence, we must
join with Murium! when he said tbe
American people liked to be fooled.
���Seattle Union' Record.
But United Action in Resisting Ford Says He Is Not Trying to
the Cut Will Come Burglarise the Road
Later. Like Others.
Mr. Leo Wolman, in our columns
recently pointed out that currently
published index figures of the coat
of livinkg are in reality unreliable,
that this branch of statistical science
has hot yet found its feet, and that
the methods of compiling these fig-
urea differ widely. Index figures
are not sound enough to support a
plea for an accurately scaled reduction of wages in a given industry.
Judge Alschuler, United States Administrator for the packing industry
in Chicago, shares this scepticism so
far as to deny the Chicago packers
a wege cut of 12% per cent, on the
ground that nobody knows how much
lower costs are for the working
man. On the contrary, he enumerates a long list of commodities
which have either stood pat or gone
up in price. Taxes have increased,
street-car fares are the same, gas
and electricity no lower, rente, fuel,
the telephone and telegraph, as well
as newspapers are where they weic
or even higher, and while they remain at such levels. Judge Alschuler refuses to be persuaded by index
figures that the cost of living to the
workman has been seriously reduced.���The New Republic.
The following places are run under
non-union conditions and are therefore
unfair to organized labor.
Stettler Cigar Factory, making Van Ldo
and Van Dyke Cigars.
King's Cafe, 212 Carroll St.     -
Capitol Cafe, 930 Granville St
White Lunches.
Electrical Contractors.
C H. Peterson, 1814 Pandora St
Hume & Rumble, Columbia St.. New
Westminster. B.C.
The Chilliwack Electric Co- Ltd., Chilli wack, B.C.
Precisely as forecast in The Western Labor News, a secessionist movement haa set up within the ranks of
the functionleas O.B.U. unit of street
railway men. It is announced that
a new Union has been formed, an
isolated "independent" union.      _
The outstanding fact which emerges in this connection is that thesr
street car men have acknowledged
tacitly the error they made in 1919
when they seceded from the International union and followed the leadership of glib-tongued visionaries.
What they are not yet able to do,
however, is frankly to retrace their
mistaken steps. Instead they seek
to hew themselves a newer path in
the industrial wilderness.
By some, at least, and if the truth'
were known, perhaps by all, it ia
acknowledged that they would return
to the Amalgamated Association, convinced a* they are of its basic soundness, but for fear of stultifying themselves. Such action as they have
taken savors much of moral cowardice.. To have the courage of one's
convictions is notably a manly attribute.
In forming this "Independent
Union" some of these new leaders
talk largely of the need for working-
class solidarity. Surely there can be
no working-class solidarity if workers follow every Savior of Labor that
mounts the stump. The street car
men forsook solidarity in 1919 and
followed the O.B.U. "saviors." And
where did it lead them? Right to
the place where they are today���to
another secessionist movement The
O. B. U. idea is not any worse today
than it was in 1919. ft remains the
same, but the influence today is, that
stripped of camouflage it stands revealed in the eyes of these men
merely a fantastic secessionist movement, the foe to solidarity, and subversive of working-class progress.
And now these "Independents,"
having chased one .will o' the wisp,
set out to chase another. Surely
they do not claim they can succeed
when their former experiment failed?
A little thought oa past experience
and they must be convinced that having come to part acknowledgment of
their error, if they would see progress they must acknowledge the
error in whole, and retracing the retrograde step of 1919, take their
places in the movement which alone
in Canada today provides a basis of
working class solidarity and progress
that is fundamentally sound���Western Labor News.
Henry Ford is not worrying over
the industrial depression. He rambles
merrily along making little Fords and
piying his bills. Last month his factories turned out 97,000 cars at a. profit
of $189.16 to the car. His aggregate
profits amounted to $18000.000, current
bills were all paid and $6,000,000 put
to surplus account. At the same time
he reduced the price to the ultimate
consumer $25 per car. Neither did he
cut wages of his employees.
MONTREAI*���More tlmn 10 weeks
after the preliminary intimation of a
decrease in wanes, 140,1100 Canadian
railway employees experinced the first
p'helical effect of the reduction.
l'hci|iii'- distributed all over rhe m.s
terns carrie.l the first application of
th-' cuts. Pay fii en out was for. .lie
Jilv lfirfo Au/. I period, the r'irs; in
which the average 1'.' |ier rent reduction
wan   effective.
'Vhile detailed figure* are ��� !ae''ing,
it is variously ������ntiriiattW that lho re-
.luetic.n amounts in actual figures to
from tl.iMM'.OOn to 11,250,000.
Representative* of the " Hitr Four"
brotherhood* and the Switchmen 'h
I'nion, in conference at Chicago with
representative* of the Railway Executive* Association, presented wage de-
man'd* of employees on the western
lines, similar to those presented and"
subsequently rejected by the executives
of the eastern lines recently.
The brotherhoods, in their demands,
ask cancellation of recent wage reduc-
tions, cessation of opposition to time
and a half for overtime and assurance
of no future wage cuts.
New Wage Demands Are Made; Too Much Waste and Wall Street
Upon the Western Manipulation to Make
Lines. Them Pay.
In fourteen words Henry Ford'
gives his "magic formula" for curing railroad ills.
"I am not trying to burglarize my
railroad���I'm making it serve the
The manufacturer we requested by
the Cincinnati Post to tell the people how it is possible for him to pay
the highest rate of wages to workers
and cut freight rates at the same
time. The answer is given in a copyrighted interview published by that
"Under Wall Street management
the only way they know how to make
money is higher railroad ratea���
which is the poorest way in the world
to get business," he declared. "We
cut freight and passenger rates 20
per cent and we boosted wages. And
it won't take long to reduce the rates
50 per cent. All railroads could cut
their rates in half. We have shown
them how. But I'm afraid they wont
do it."
How to Sava Railroads
Ford said thst he "wasn't a magician" and "didn't wield a magic
wand." Any railroad manager, he
claima, can do what he haa done by
smiply following these directions:
"Keep the railroad busy and the
equipment busy and all the men on
it busy. On the Detroit, Toledo
and I ronton we are getting along fine
���making money where the road never made money before, making it
because the men are busy and their
hearts are in their work.
fWe eliminate waste and dead
wood. All railroads can���and should
���do the same thing."
Then Ford said something that
reached the kernel of railroad inefficiency���waste. "We found enough
scrap along the D.- T. & I. to pay
for its purchase."
"Boost    Wages;    Slash   Rataa"
Asked what would be the first
thing he would do if he were given
all the railroads to operate, Ford replied: "Boost wages, slash rates,
let a lot of men go. I'd let some of
the men go back to the farm���temporarily. They'd be of more use
there and of greater value to themselves.
"There are too many men running
the railroads who let somebody else
do their thinking for them. We want
"man who can think for themselves."
When Ford took over the I)., T.
& I. he drafted able men from his
motor car industry and let them run
the railroad. He thinks a lot of
railroads would be better off if they
adopted a policy along this line.
"There is too much tradition in
the railroads���doing things in the
old-fashioned way, he said. I see a
new era dawning, with this creed:
do as much as you can, get small
returns���and the money will come
in so fast you won't know where it
is coming from���it will inundate you.
Too Much Wall Street Manipulation'
Ford has a clear appreciation of
what ails the railroads and how to
correct conditions.
"There is too much Wall Street
manipulation ��� too much dead
weight," he says. "Railroads have
been managed by stockholders who
only figure how much'they can get
out of them for the moment���not
what they can do in the future.
When they want to make extensions
they must issue bonds and draw in
more money and more idle stock.
The railroads should earn and pay
for their own extensions. The laws
were made solely for investors whose
insidious aim is to destroy industry."
The railroads owe the U. S. government one billion dollars at the
present time, $700,000,000 of which
is unsecured. Now the politicians
propose to raise another $500,000,-
000 and to give it to the poor railroads, for the benefit of the shareholders.
Workers Urged to Demand Economic Freedom as Well
as Political.
The All-India Trade Union Congress has issued a manifesto to the
workers of India.
"When your nation's leaders," it
says, "ask for Swaraj (self-government) you must not let them leave
you out of the reckoning. Political
freedom to you is of no worth without economic freedom.
"You cannot, therefore, afford to
neglect the movement for national
"You are part and parcel of  that
movement.    You will neglect it only1
at the peril of your liberty.
"Your lot is a hard one. Look at
the slaves of the Assam Tea Plantations, now become desperate. Their
read daily wages are less than threepence a day prescribed under government acts.
"They are often victims, of brutal
treatment, working under the lash,
for unlimited hours, while some of
these plantations pay 20 per cent, to
40 per cent, dividends. We call on
the members of each union what
uio.ii satA3( |t?p.ids Xq jojuo oj no���
help you can."
The stability and permanence of labor organizations are not better demonstrated than by the great home
buildings they have erected or have in
The Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers own their own home at Cleveland. Ohio. It is among the most imposing and substantial of that city's
business structures.
The Engineers will also have a skyscraper as a home  for their co-opera
live bank.
The Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen arc erecting a large office building
in Cleveland.
The International Association of Machinists artd the American Federation
of Labor, on opposite corners, have
magnificent seven-story buildings in tin-
city ot .Washington, D. C.
The Switchmen's Union owns its
home in Buffalo.
AH of these buildings are a credit tn
organised labor and to the communities that possess them.
The   International    Brotherhood   of
Boilermakers, Iron Ship Builders and
clpcrs  is putting the finishing touches
to a live-story office building at  km
sas City, Kan.     '
The revelation that by careful management and eliminating the useless
and dividend-clipping stockholders
Henry Ford has been able to reduce
freight rates and at the same time establish a minimum wage of $6 a day
for common labor on his recently ac
nuired railroad, the Detroit, Toledo and
Itmiton, has caused railroad unions to
renew their campaign for government
ownership and democratic control of
the   railroads.
Labor is life; toil is death, and poverty
is hell.
At the recent convention of the
postal clerks of Eastern Canada, in
Quebec City, it waa decided to unite
with the Civil Service Federation.
At the convention of the postal clerks
delegates were present from all principal points east of the great lakes.
Brainerd, Minn.���A proposal to
federate unions of the state under
industrial councils has the support
of a strong element in the convention of the Minnesota State Federation of Labor, in session here.
Out of every 20s of taxation lis
are spent on armaments and interest
on capital borrowed daring the war.
���J. R. Clynes, M.P.
The life of a horse in Montgomeryshire is infinitely better than
that of the man who looks after it
���Rev. T. D. James,
Oakland. Cal.���The prisoners in the
county jail here want union service.
The jail officials have employed nonunion painters to repaint the prison and
the inmates have sent in a strong protest against having "scabs" so employed and have threatened a hunger strike
if they are not dismissed and union men
Washington ��� Organized labor in
Honolulu and throughout Hawaii is opposed to the Kalanianaolc resolution in
Congress, authorizing the president and
secretary of labor to admit 50.000 Chinese coolies to Hawaii, to break the
wage standards established by the Japanese and other trade unionists in the
sugar industry.
New York���The impending closing of 50 motion picture theatres
here, characterised by union officials
aa in fact a lockout to force down
wages, will be met by the raising of
an initial $5,000 fund by the Motion
Picture Theatre Attendants* Union,
Local 16,920, to meet any emergency
which may arise. The money will
be raised by individual assessment.
Washington.���Cheap Chinese labor, indentured and bonded to be
shipped back to China after its period of toil is done, may soon be
provided for the sugar planters in
Hawaii to break the trade union
spirit developed among the Japanese
plantation laborers there.
"Self   first,   me   next,   and,   if,
there'a anything left,  I'll take it."
is a motto too prevalent today.���Sir!
Kingsley Wood, MP.     -       '
��� i
Quality Circulation-^Buying Power
The manager of this paper would be pleased to
talk business with you.
��� ''"' '������*/';'���''��� ������( r '...; '��� ���
;���:.;������-���:   .   -  i
;, ������ :'"      '   \
England-The Day A^terBAnLESHIPSAID
All Europe is like the day after, monster gun which will shoot 85
It is flat, stele and unprofitable. The miles, and that France and England ���
bubble has burst, the seat has gone have entered into a secret alliance.
out of life. Fourth of July has come England dare not have France for an
and gone, Santo Claus haa been down ' enemy. London could be wiped out
the chimney and distributed the gifts, without crossing the channel,
the honeymoon is over, there is no-1 And in Ireland women are raped
thing left to dream and work for. , and children born in the street. In
That is the condition of the world Limerick a mother with two little
after the Great War. children   was   driven   out   into   the
Like the day after thi party, every- street at night without clothing by
*��(��� has a stomach ache and a head- the soldiers. The baby basket and
ache. Everyone is cross. Everyone the tir.y elothes made ready for the
hutefi everyone else.    The party isn't   new   baby   that   was   expected   were
what we thought it.- If only we could
have the honeymoon over, we would
choose a different bride. But we
can't. Instead, the period of making
the best of things has set in and no
one wants to make the best of things.
Black Hats
The British Imperialist Government tries to cow its dependencies
by bullet, bloodshed and the whip.
The coloniea, driven at bay, snarl
and spit. The capitalists seek to
crush labor and grind fortunes out
of the bones of the workers. The
workers rise up to strike, see starvation storing them in the face, the
country in a state of financial and
industrial bankruptcy, three million
out of employment, the wife and
children hungry; they cringe, go back
to work, with black hate in their
hearts. The Communists shriek,
"Now is the time for revolution. Kill
the capitalist, slay the reactionary,
take possession by force of arms."
The Parliamentary Labor party
yells back "You are crazy, you are
brainless; only intellect counts; educate the workers." And above all
this mass of hate and recrimination,
here and there is a prophet crying
in the wilderness, like George Lans-
bury in England and Mahatma Gandhi in la.lia: " Except ve become as step for a right adjustment with Ire-
little children and love' one another. I \*nA- I* successful? Who can tell?
ye shall not enter the kingdom of, ��.ate,IS rampant. Despair increases,
heaven. Only a new social order, The for���� of ���} "**��� ���*��' ���**���** *or-
founded on love, will create a new ward- The *'or,d ,B ,n danger of des-
World." ! tniction.     It   is   a   race   with   time
Such is the state of England today. \ between good and evil. We must
And it is even more true of France ehoose. Shal wc go forward with
and undoubtedly applies to most of  nat/* or wJth love".. ���     .    .      .
the countries of the world. j     Ltt, us f*c* reality.    Tho bride of
I the    honeymoon    is   not   what   she
A Murmur of Discontent [seemed.     But   she   has   become   the
On the surface, England has not mother of our children. A new re-
chnnged.      There   are   the   crowded | lation has arisen.    Self is forgotten
Mexico   May   Yet   Become   a
Mecca for the Gods
of War
i H.   Laurence  Todd.   Federated  Pre>��
Staff l
Wa.biisirt  n - f-   I.     I Hum'.    Una
sicca Oil Company and the  Puree Oi!
Company,   a   Standard   Oil   .'tih.idian .
promuti is  i��i   the   rcc nt  dKttirhat'iCi   i:i
tbe  Tarnpicn . ii t";< M  which  led  i<> thi
���,;.<!.:rrj.   ..:    Inn   American   l>attlr��liip.
t<,   th_t  T��'.rt   t-.   <mrawc   the   Mexican
authorities,   arc   branded   i>   deliberate
outlaws by E. C. Davison, general ��ec
rclary-treasurcr    of    the    International
Association of Machinists who has returned  irom  Mexico.
Workers Without Food.
Thousands of oil field workers were
era' children cried for food, he start- left without food or water supply, but
ed a fund for their benefit. Twelve with an offer of ammunition, and were
Welsh miners, with good voices, came told that the Mexican government was
to London to sing. Moat of these I responsible,*' Davison said he was in
men   were   fathers.     Perhaps   that  formed, "when the American oil oprr-
A Few Smiles
burned.' In the morning, after wandering all night, the mother gave
birth to a child at the home of a
Starving  Children
In Wales the miners' children cry
for food. At the table one morning
in one home, where there is no food,
a little boy faints.
George Lanabury created a little
stream of goodwill.    When the min-
gave their voices added sweetness
and pathos. They have toured the
city singing their songs. Every audience haa responded, be it capitalist
or labor, hands have gone into pock-
eta, the shillings and pounds have
come quick and fast Today the sum
realized ia $81,000 (about $324,000)
to be spent in feeding the kiddies.
ators shut down the wells in a strike
against paring an export tax that the
British and the independent operators
paid without any trouble. One of these
British companies, by the way, has just
declared a dividend of 6 per rent, for
the past year.
"That region is one in which malaria, yellow  fever, dysentery and terri-
The  political   orator  was  getting
along well with his audience���when J
a   man  asked   permission  to  put  a
question to him.
"What is your question?" said the
The man stated it, while the orator   listened   attentively,   and   then j
"Before   I   answer  your  question,!
will you please tell me what is your
"1 have- a milk-route," said the I
���| knew from your question,";
said the orator, "that you are still j
in  the milk-stage of development."   I
The audience laughed���and the !
man shot back, "All right! I may be
in the milk-stage but" (and pointing to the orator he shouted) "that's
better than going sour like you and
becoming a big piece of cheese."
Dignified and Appropriate
These   are   the   currents   of   love  ble insect pests abound, and where wa
struggling   to   counteract   those   of tcr and food must be brought in. When,
hate,   snd,  small   though   they  are,'the  operators  cut  off  the  deliver}" of
they are life-giving and telling. twater and food there was terrible suf-
At the moment negotiations are in   fcring.
progress between Lloyd George and;    "The   Mexican  government  sent    in
De   Valera  for  a   permanent  peace  trains   when   the   operators   remained
An   Irishman  waa handling dynamite  in  a quarry.     He- let  a  stick
drop, and the whole box went up,
taking  Mike  with  it.     The  quarry
boas came around later and said to
another Irishman:
"Where is Mike?"
"He's gone," replied Pat
"When will he be back?" asked
the boas.
"Well," replied Pat, "if he cornea
back aa fast aa he went, he'll be
back yesterday."
with   Ireland.     Will   this   first   real
stubborn and offered to carry off all
who wanted to work on railroad construction jobs. Now the workers arc
Kone and the oil corporations will have
to find a new supply of labor.
Trade unionists have certainly increased the v<cr,lnlary by the numlier
oi various device's for irritating employers. J ���S-dnl.itrc." "ra" canny." "down
"working   to   rubs."   "lorfc   in."
and "go slow" arc a few of the best-
shops, the busy streets, the swarm-1 The man and woman join hands to i ^nvn on0" ^"* Japanese workers
ing people. But underneath, if you 'work for the children. This .is what;'1:'vr now invented another to l>c added
listen,   id   a   low   murmur,   a   murmur  happens in the family.    May we not  ���'��� the list.    It  j< called    a    "one-half
of discontent. Restlessness is in the
air. Work is not well done, tragedy
is written on the faces. Ex-soldiers
with rows of medals grind hand-
organs or play in a band on the
street corners. One man has rigged
up a victrola in a baby carriage.
Blind ex-soldiers are lugged through
the park by impatient children.
Street signs read:
"Automobiles, go slow. Look out
for the blind.!"
There is the tramp, tramp of the
unemployed. Wages go down and
food prices stay up. The laborer is
worse off than before, the class distinctions aa great as ever.
On the outskirts of London are
huge factories and miles of work-
make it happen in the nation? j -Ink'-."    The   advantage  of   only  half
Love aad Hope j,,H   workers   stopping  work  is  that   it
In 1919 hopes were high. The m��^. j* ��W*-�� ��* though all the work-
world seemed rushing forward. We |Cl? .dld no,1_ faY��r t,,e s*ri1"'. and this
thought we were to be the begetters i minimises the chances of the police ar-
and enjoyers of a new social order, i resting the leaders. The employers can-
We ought to have known better. No j not very well sack those who remain
good thing cornea so easily. We have ; ft work, and the factory is run at a daily
got to settle down to hard work. We! increasing loss. It also prevents the
must stand together and grub and i employers from "starving out** their
grind for the children. The next 10 i workers, as those who remain at their
years will not be pleasant.   We must jobs are able to assist their, friends "on
lay the foundations. And those foun
dations; shall they be built out of
the muck of bloodshed and hate or
shall they be of such beauty that
no man dare destroy them? That is
the question.
We are tired and weary.   The war
the  street."���"Christian  Science
ers'  houses.     In   grim   rows   these .
houses   stand,   each   one   like   the!*?? "fgj ^OMmmT'
other.    Not a gleam to relieve the PL P���    -^ ��..-.
monotony.    It if like living between fe*. JKeLTaLfSKS
two stone walls.
Xew   York.���When   wapes   of   steel
We* cannot'workers wf.rc cu' -?0 D*>r c"nt- a fcw
But youth _j j ""^hs ago it was claimed that this in
The i d,,i,r>" *'as now stabilized.    Today th��
Bus   Ride   Luxury
. The bus ride out of the district
costs from six to ten cents. A luxury the poor cannot afford. Children
live year in and year out between
those gray walls. And a half-hour
away are the houses of the well-to-
do. These, even in the heart of London, have their little gardens, their
flower beds, their window boxes with
red geraniums, and the green trees
that line the street For England is
divided into two classes: the upper
and the lower. Elsewhere there is
the tremendous contract between
rich and poor, with a huge indistinguishable middle class.
In England there are the people
who live in barracks and drop their
h's and those who live in a house
with a garden and use the broad "a."
Even a little money means a luxury
in London. The canned California
fruits and vegetables and the California wines are cheaper than in New
��� York city. The house of the clerk
has a bath room but the house of the
laborer none. Or if there is one, it
is the kind that came out of the Ark,
with a bath tub, small at one end to
fit the feet and large at the other to
accommodate the hips.
Women  Parade
Everywhere is this contrast. Yesterday a group of unemployed women marched through the shopping
district of London. Msny of them
had never been there before. They
did not know.there were such beautiful stores, let alone clothes. They
themselves wore odds and ends of
clothing, heavy, ragged ulsters in a
temperature of 92 degrees. Some
carried babies. On their backs they
bore signs such as these: "Engineering���125,000 women unemployed." "We are domestics, do you
want us!" "Five thousand dressmakers unemployed." "Cake for the
rich, starvation for the poor."
In Hyde Park these women held a
demonstration. Miss Margaret Bond-
fiejd addressed them. She said: "We
are told the cost of things is hot so
great, that now is ihe time to decrease the benefit allowance.
ideals that have become to us a mock- |m,,,s are onrrating but from 20 to 30
ery they have seized. For ideas do Prr cent- of their capacity and addi-
not die. The young still believe injtional wage cuts are hinted. The same
making the world safe for democra- | '"���tin-icnt is again being used to support
cy, in self-determination for all na-jhis plan.
tions. in brotherhood and  equality.
in a new social order, when the world
shall be run, not for profit, but for
human welfare. These young things
that come after are strong and free.
They are swarming over the parks
these hot days, boys and girls hand
in hand���the little girls clad in bloomers, with bare brown legs and arms,
strong and active like their brothers;
or young lovers sitting or lying on
the grass, side by side, loving each
other without shame and with abandon, impervious to the outer world.
These young creatures will go forward.
But with what weapons? Shall we
give them those of bitterness, hate,
despair and recrimination, to wage
a bloody revolution? Or shall we
send them forth singing, with love
in their hearts, to die if need be, but
never to kill, ap invincible army of
goodwill?���The New Toft Call.
While the Senate's committee investigating the lawlessness of the
Minego coal fields haa brought to
light little that was not already
known, one case was turned up
which haa its parallel only in the
Ireland of' today. A certain Captain Brockus, head of the Wast Virginia state police, had organized a
volunteer force- from non-union miners and from business men, which,
he said, "could be trusted on the side
of law and order." This force was
charged with having raided the striking janion miners' tent colony, and
Brockus was accused of threatening
-to "pile up all these women and the
tents on top of them, and burn them
all." The shooting of a union miner, whose hands were above his
head, by one of Brockus' men,
Bawles, is described by an affidavit
in these terms: "Bowles said to
Breedlove. 'Hold up your hands, God
damn you,,and if you have anything
They say "there is no honor among
thieves." How much less is there
among strikebreakers! While Philadelphia strikebreaking agencies are
scouring other cities to get men to
come to work here, the scab agencies
of other cities are reciprocating by
stealing the scabs of this vicinity.
Thus one of our hotels, notorious for
catering to underworld traffic, has
been housing an agent who is securing scabs for Rochester and Buffalo.
Maybe the scab agencies will organise, demand the same scale of pay
and working hours, instead of cutting each other's throats under the
hallucination that "competition is
the life of trade."���Forty-Four, Philadelphia.
A red headed boy applied for a
job in a butcher shop. "How much
will you give me?"
"Three dollars a week; but what
Can you do to make yourself useful
around a butcher shop?"
"Well, be specific. Can you dress
a chicken?"
"Not on $3 a week," said the boy.
E. R. Bulletin.
He: "Do you think a woman
should pet the wages of a man?"
She: "It depends on whether she
is married to him or not."
"Won't you help poor Mr. Smith,
he's got eighteen kids���he's blind
and didn't know what he was doing?"
Mike���"Don't shoot- Pat, the gun
aint loaded."
Pat���"I have to, the bird won't
At the recent convention of the United Mine Workers of Nova Scotia, held
at New Glasgow, the reporters of the
Halifax Herald and Chronicle were excluded.- The reason given for the exclusion was that these newspapers had
magnified trivial incidents and misinterpreted salient facts, giving the people
of Nova Scotia a wrong conception of
Ihe aims and objects of organized labor.
Plans are being made for Rt. Hon.
Arthm Henderson, chairman of the
British Parliamentary' Labor party to
visit Canada in the near future.
to say, say it fast'; and Breedlove
I dare | said 'Lord have mercy,' and instant-
say things are a bit cheaper. You can I ly the gun waa fired and Breedlove
get  a  satin  evening dress for five  fell."    Brockus denied these charg-
(Laughter and cheers).
"Unemployment would be cured if
the government would make peace
with every other country in the
world."   (More cheers).
Three million unemployed, and a
short time ago thousands of pounds
were spent on the King's and Queen's
visit to, Ireland. They went to open
the Ulster Parliament. The city of
B/lfast teemed with troops. Fear
���waa in all hearts. A heavy-timebered
barricade, sunk in stone, was erected.
Only the troops were allowed in front
of this. The names and addresses of
all persons near the route of the
parade    were Waken.    The    windows
Ha.nilton.���Under anything but auspicious surroundings the Board of Arbitration on tbe? building trades disputes
started its session this week. After several fruitless attempts to get mattors
straightened. Judge Snider was forced
to adjourn the board to give both sides
an opportunity to see if they could settle
their difference*.as to the work of the
PEKING.���Statistics on the sale
of shildren, wives and daughters-in-
law- in the South Chihli famine district prepared by the international
famine relief committee, though covering but a fraction of the entire
famine area, indicate the extent of.
the traffic carried on. Between deaths,
and sales many villages are completely stripped of children. The
prices appear to have ranged from $1
to $150, with one instonce reported
of a girl bringing $350.
Although the traffic waa due primarily to poverty it appears from the
investigation made that dealers
worked upon the stupidity of fathers
and husbands in many cases and resorted to adroit measures to evade
the law and recruit victims for various questionable purposes. There
were instances of regular marriage
papers being executed; others used
contracts of sale, either for life or
for a term of years.
That's what our
f customers get
Our customers will find our prices as
reasonable  as our product is good.
Whether a big or little order���
We Guarantee Satisfaction
and want your future business
Not what we say
But what we do
makes test-
Performance speaks
. The last word
and the best
Try us with your NEXT order
The British Columbia
Labor News
Telephone Seymour 7495
319 Pender Street West
\tri\trt r/��ta\i/i\M\t��\T/��r��\t�� r��\T��\"1 ?��
LONDON.���Relief for starving
Russians is prepared by radical, labor, liberal and charitable agencies
of every description. General Booth,
chief of the Salvation Army, announced that the Army in Moscow
is in touch with 1,000,000 needy
Russians. He issued a call for help
in keeping the relief work going.
We have lost count of our millionaires and the enumeration of our
paupers is s big jobs <?,,
Moderation was to stop the wave
of crime, but it still waves.
War was to bring democracy, but
it seems sidetracked.
DETROIT.���The Ford Motor Co.
is making a car every six and one-
half seconds. Production figures given out show that under the July
schedule production, based on the
eight hour day, is averaging 4,306
cars a day. July shows a total production of 109,000 cars.
BLUEFIELD, W. Vs.���Miners are
awaiting their turn to go to jail in
this town. The courts have convicted
so many of them that the local lockup
won't accommodate the swelling
streams of new-made "criminals."
So the scheme has been devised of
letting them give bail after conviction and wander at large until departing prisoners make room for
A hundred years ago there were
700 banking corporations in Great
Britain. Today there are 20, and
five of these hold two-thirds of the
LIVERPOOL.���Neil Maclean, Labor M. P. for the Govan Division of
Glasgow and fraternal delegate from
Britain to the Trades Congress at
Winnipeg, left Liverpool last week
on the Empress of France. He will
arrive at Winnipeg on Saturday,
August 20.
Everlasting life and everlasting
peace are much alike. You have to
die to get either of them.
I ��� -���
The B. C. Labor
Official Paper, Vancouver
Trades and LaborCouncil
es. But on the other hand he ad
mitted that 35 of his volunteer
guardians of law and order had been
dismissed for drunkenness or worse
offenses. This reminds one forcibly
of the general characteristics of tike
Black and Tana.���The New Republic.
DUBLIN.���With government control of Irish railways to cease, Irish
labor is preparing to resist the wage
reductions that it is known the employers generally will demand.
goes unmol
s  says   "quit  work"
ested; if you trait of your
were U^takea.
of the houses were nailed down.        J own accord you may be ^guilty of a BMCrata that medical relief would be
iNow we hear France haa built a crime. rushed to Soviet Russia immediately.
TULSA. Okla.���No less than 900
negroes were slain by Tulsa whites
during the riot of May 31-June 1,
according to S. _L Clement, of the
law firm of Buna, Kelley and Clement, appointed by the negro community to press a claim for $4,000,-
000, estimated aa the amount of negro property destroyed during the
LONDON.���A double attack on
the building workers is reported.
The Master Builders' Federation
threatens a lockout to enforce dilution, and master builders in the
North of England have made an
open attempt to stop the work of the
Building Guild.
STOCKHOLM.���The Swedish Gov
eminent haa aasunJ the Social De-
Tin- wind must blow, mid
blow���if the* craft would
go, and fro.
Delivered One Year, $1.50
Devoted to the interests of the
,     International Trades Union
Fill out
and mail-
Here's my $1.50; send
The B. C. Labor News
to me for one year
Name __.:	
The R C Labor News | **
Room 306, Labor Hall, 319 Pender W>
Vancouver, B. C.


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