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The British Columbia Labor News Sep 16, 1921

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��� '���
Issued Even- Friday
Devoted to the interests of the International Labor Movement
[Subscription: $1.50 Per Year"!
5c Per Copy J
Volume I.
Vancouver, B. C, Friday, Sept. 16th, 1921
Till. \\H\kl I INC IIP M. calgary movie
German Publicist Writes Book on
"Europe and the Next
M<i\ing Picture Operators and Thea-
j ire F-mployees of the Capitol. Allen and
' Empress thaatrcs in Calgary are on
���trike. Employees at the Grand. Princess:. Liberty and Regent theatres were
successful in signing up satisfactory
agreements based on the old scale of
w-ages.   William P. Couvert, of Toronto.
Employers Insurance Company Is
Put Into Hands of
Very Successful Dance Held Last
Friday With Organized
Labor's Support.
Says United States Holds Key to
the Peace of the ' Employees, and other high officials ol
World 1 'nc  -^"""rican  Federation of Musicians
��� are on their way to Calgary.
BERLIN-Facts and  theories Habout  ���
the new line up of international finance I
and industry are brought out in a brilliant pamphlet entitled "Europe and the
Next   War.���   by   a   German   publicist.'
Engelbert Graf.    The author finds that I
the war. far from shattering the capital- ���
fourth   international   vice-president   of [
the international Association of Theatre _r__,y Large Printing Finns of! Tailors'   Union Makes Splendid
United States Are
Donation to Help in the
BALTIMORE.   Md���A   receivership      flic  locked out  >hoc workers in thc
for  thc   Employers*   Mutual   Insurance \ ci��y arc still standing solid against thc
i k Service Company, which has written
Girl's Alleged Perjured
! strike insurance for JO industries in
���10 States, has been asked in the Baltimore City Grcuit Court by a commis-
: -ion appointed by the court, headed by
Thomas ). Keating, insurance commissioner for Mar) land.
While  the  company  officials  declare
' that the  concern  is  not  insolvent,  the
: commissioner's   report   states   that   the
ist system, has rather helped to develop  g^ttfe,.  (Jj-^   Factory  WittS  On
it.    He asserts that the rapid growth of
combinations of capital reaching out be- j
'yoid  national  boundaries   will   lead  to |
the formation of two great groups of -p,,. nr4, two coutlt, out of the five
capitalists, those of England and of tbe ; 4^^ m_de against the Stettler Cigar j 'labilities of thc company exceed its
United States, whose rivalry will ulti-! Factory Limited, by the Minimum Wage j *-**rt.'* *> about *'.����.000 and probably
match/ involve the world in another war. j p^rd 0f  British Columbia, have been   considerably more.
Graf says the United States is using  ,hr���wn ~,t ���f court.   These cases have!     Thc   officials   oi   the   company   say
France as her tool in Europe, not so j j^,,   p���,_ing    for   some   considerable j,na* "rganutd lalior has been fighting
much  politically as by the investment j tun^  pm  nave  been   adjourned  many
of capital there. He says the Rockefeller j ,---��� on -���_ CXCUiC Dr another.
group has control of many French in- j    The counts that were heard last Fri-
terests and now owns three of the lead- : fay were for paying girls less than the
mg newspapers, the Matin, the Figaro  minimum wag* scale.
and   L'Eclair,  so  as to  shape  French:    prior to the charges being made, the
public opinion.
German American Combine
Other  financial   history   revealed  by.
Graf   includes   the   announcement   that
Walter    Rathenau's    General    Electric
company has sold shares to the amount
of 25.000,000 marks in thc United States
firm had displaced returned soldiers
with girls at machines, that were paid
for by the Provincial government. The
wage calls for $14 a week, hut the firm
gave its employees the magnificent sum
of eight. This was raised to ten after
tht- charges were made, but only to girl
who were���likely to be called to testif;
the company since its formation and
that if a receivership is declared the
labor forces will have scored an important victory over the employers.
The large losses which the company
has sustained are due to the printer's
strike for the 44-hour-week in various
parts of the country, as a large proportion of the policy-holders are employers connected with the L'nitcd Ty-
pothetae of America.
open shop idea of the Leckie Shoe Co.
Tickets arc still on thc job, although the
firm is not getting any applicants for
The dance held last Friday was a huge
success in every way, and the union
takes this opportunity to thank organ
i/i-d labor for its help, given in this particular instance, and regrets that it did
n<it,organize the dance in time enough
to visit all unions with the tickets. Special mention must bc made regarding
thc. Tailors' union, whose members not
only purchased $23.00 worth of tickets
at its meeting, but also donated the sum
of $25.00 out of the treasury to help
in the fight.
against England and the #'oiled States.
He is now in control of the Siemens
and Schurkert interests, of tbe Gclsen-
kirchner Mining Company, of the
ftc frrojSffor *lhe skevel
power in Bavaria and of shipping fines
and factories north and south.
���   The e\0T expanding Krupps have now
absorbed their  former rival, Ehrhardt.
The    Klochner    Company    controls   a
dozen of what were formerly independent firms.
Conflict With England
Graf's views on oil coincide with
those of American and English publicists. He points out that at present the
United States produces about 68 per
cent of the annual output of oil, bat
this supply ��iH rapidly diminish and
the United States will be forced into
conflict with England which already
controls the oil fields of tbe Near East
and a large portion of those in Mexico.
England he says, being on the defensive in thc war of capital, is more inclined to socialization or nationalization
of industry, but the United States has
a capitalistic army ready for the offensive and as a state favors the ruthless
exploitation of labor and the systematic
repression of the worker under legal
Here arc two sentences from his brochure:
"Uncle Sam has become the patron
taint of the capitalists throughout tbe
The gold dollar can purchase whole
countries; it can finance revolutions and
counter resolutions, either white or red
as suits it best, and peace or war alto it merely events by the way.*"
* ' LONDON.���Followed by a procession
<K 10.000 Poplar unemployed workers.
_ve women members of the Poplar Bor-
, ough Council were taken to Hotloway
and has entered into a combine with thc' ������ ,hc ..^ q^ of ^^ ^-j, test*nc<|
American copper trust, which is in _��� Friday, however, to the effect that
league with tbe Rockefeller group.        j sh<.  ���as receiving %U.OO a week, al
Hugo Stinnes, says Graf, remains tbe j lbotIgn *t ��� __*,����� u^ _���* payroll of J 	
greatest financial power in Europe des- j tfM. f--,, ^^ ,]_,, jt^ -^ receiving | Advise Them Not to Set Wages by
pite his failure to bring about a Com- j |CII    -n,^ payroll was in court, but was ^   W___tt Crowd at the
bine of  French and German capitalists  _����� _||6wc_ to _* introduced as evidence. Z% ^V
Hill Gate.
DENVER.���In   a   speech   here   last
the Secretary of Labor, James J.
is, recently  appointed by President
Harding, scored employers who arc attempting to utilize thc situation wherein
almost  6.000.000 men  and  women  are
joMess  I>  smash  unions.    He  warned
against  the tendency to fix' wages "by
the hungry crowd at the mill gate."
Secretary Davis said:
"All over the country a strange hush
isasrauch as the girl denied that she was
getting less than the minimum wage.
It is alleged that the girl perjured her
���elf in order to he able to hold
hut there is a move on  foot to have
thr girl charged with perjury.
Thr remainder of the charges against
thc firm will in all probability fizzle out
in the same way. in spite of the fact
that the law has been broken. In the
meantime the firm is using tbe $25,000
Provincial government money to make
cigars  in   Kingston,  Ont,  and  paving
girls  in the Vancouver  factory, piece-, h_,  f_|kn     ^ _���_.  A_erican
work rates, which only enables girls to   ^^   ^-^   ^   wondc_   q{   ,he
make  about half  the  minimum  wage.
In   fact one girl only made sixty-five
cents for a whole day's work.
MELBOURNE Australia-Plans are
under way for a definite alliance, between thc Neiv" Zealand labor party,
and lhe Australian 'labor party. Thc
adoption of a clear-cut objective and a
clearly defined policy making for thr
achievement of the objective is desired
by the workers of both countries.
BERLIN.���A great wage conflict in
tlie German mining industry appears to
be imminent.
The owners insist on a settlement on
district lints, while the men demand a
national basis because of the rapid and
general rise in the cost of living.
The miners claim an immediate increase of 12 marks (nominally 12s) a
shift, but thc owners refuse any further negotiation until the present agreements terminate, which woold mean
the shelving of the whole issue.
Number 8
Five Thousand Members Are Now
Enrolled in Asiatic Ex-
Orientals  Now
Resident in British
Over five thousand members of  the
Asiatic Exclusion League have already
been   secured   in   Vancouver   and   the
i work is about to be extended to various
parts of the province.
Secretary Macaulay received a delegation    from   the   Japanese    Workers'
Shop Crafts Are Going to Put Up lnio" durin** *Jl* w��*** a-Jnng him if
Fight Against System of
. Piecework.
Over Six Thousand End Lives in
UA During First Half of
This Year.
Nanaimo Workers Don't Wish to
Have Candidates Foisted
Upon Them.
A visitor to this city from Nanaimo
has informed the B. C. I-abor News that
feeling is running high in that city
against the arbitrary action of Vancouver Local of the Socialist Party of Canada in selecting W. A. Pritchard to contest that constituency in the forthcoming election. The workers there feel
quite capable of selecting their own
candidate and will not submit to the
dictatorship of the S. P.# of C, or anyone else. T. A. Barnard, now a resident
of that district, has been asked lo ac-
world has slowed down. cept the nomination on the Labor ticket.
"TI e country is sick from overindul- j He has not yet indicated whether or
gence and one and all, we have had to not he - would accept the nomination at
go en the operating fable for���thc re- the convention, but inasmuch as he contested the constituency in the Provincial
elections and only lost out by a few
votes, allegedly obtained by trickery,
there is every prospect of him accenting
hi did not think it unfair that the
; Japanese who have lived here for years
' should bc repatriated.
CHICAGO.-Piecework   will   not  be j    Secretary Macaulay pointed out that
re-established in railroad shops if there , *he   first  object of  the  league  was  to
is any way by which thc employees can j "top all Asiatic immigration,
prevent it.    This was told the Railroad I White Men Eclipsed
Labor Board last week in language! Secretary Macaulay told the Japanese
forceful and determined by representa- ["���t Orientals were taking thc place of
lives of thc shop crafts. I white workmen and preventing the sur-
**\Ve are through with piecework for j P1**-4 population of Great Britain from
ever." epitomized the testimony of gen  j coming out here.
eral chairmen of system federations "rhe question of repatriation, he said
from all parts of the country*. ��ho j would be dealt with as soon as the more
asserted that practically 100 per cent of j pressing question of immigration was
the workers had voted against consider- j settled
ing  piecework  as  a  part  of  any  new ' Fifty Thousand in B.C.
agreements. Since 1900 a total ol" 87.913 Chinese
Reasons  for opposition to piecework j and  Japanese  had  legitimately entered
were ably summarized in the statement j Canada.    Out; of  this number at least
riade  to the hoard by G. H. Stewart. I 50.000 now reside in  British Columbia.*'
! speaking   for  the   Chesapeake  ��*.   Ohio'    The Vancouver Board of Trade dis-
shop employees.    He said: j cussed the subject during thc week and
"The  piecework   system  is  an  agent j for   the   first   time   in   its   history  has
of destruction of the finer sensibilities ; favored the exclusion plan.
of our people.    It is a means of break-      The following recommendations, pre-
ing down the established eight-hour day;. sented by a committee of thc Board of
it   operates   to  avoid   tbe  payment   of  Trade, were adopted unanimously:
punitive overtime; it is a system that
engenders confusion and strife among
the employees and between the employees and the management; its opera
tion is primarily responsible for many
cases br material depreciation and relegation to the human scrap heap of some
of thc very be<t characters, some of
lhe very best citizens we have in this
moval of  false values.
The cause of labor is more alive today ihan it ever has been in 40 years.
- "A few employers have taken this'
period when jobs arc scarce and thc j irrespective of the S. P. of C. candidate
w.irkingnian is at a disadvantage, to I which has been foisted upon them,
break down their workers' organizations. Should he not accept, there is plenty of
*Tt seems to those people a good time good local timber suitable for the nom-
to even up old scores, to revenge them-   ination.
New York.���World-wide increase
of suicide during the flrat six months
of this year is reported by the Save-} ^^ -^
a-Life League. In New York City
there were 443 suicides, males 319.
females 124. This is an increase of
102 over the same period of 1920.
Throughout this country, and the
civilized world there seems to have
been a "suicide wave." the league
says. In the first half of 1920 there
were reported to the league 2,771
suicides in the United Statu, 1,810
males and 961 females. During the
first six months of this year the number reported to the league is, males
4.527. females 1.982. or a total of < tic-.'
6.500. The average age of the male ___=
suicide is 43 years.
This large increase- according to'
the league, doubtless is due to business   depression,   economic   disturbances and general abnormal conditions itne to the war.
"The surprising thing is not the
large number of suicides, but that th-
number is not still larger," says the
league.   "When    general   economic
selves for thc high wages they were
forced to pay a year or two ago. and
sec to ������ that such a wage scale never
Vancouver is to be without its splendid Symphony Concerts this winter bc-
"1. That the Dominion government
should have absolute control over all
its immigration.
"2. That the Dominion government be
requested, in as, strong a_ manner as
possible to continue the present restrictions, and to enact more rigorous ones
from time to time as may seem prudent,
having always in view the ultimate total
cessation  of  all   Oriental  immigration.
"J. That in the event in future of the
Imperial government entering into any
treaties with foreign countries absolute
cause of the failure of thc Society to , right be granted to Canada to control
raise thc necessary funds. There is
no dearth of music lovers in tbe city,
but it has been found impossible to obtain the necessary* $5,000. which does
not speak well for the monicd interests
and the citizens in general.
her own immigration.
"4. That we are of the opinion that
the further acquiring of lands in this
province by Orientals is detrimental to
the welfare of the country and its citizens, and that we would recommend that
the Dominion government give power
to the Provincial government whereby
it raii frame such legislation as will
control the holding of lands by Oriental v either leasehold or freehold"
Population of World Makes Big
Stride in Spite of Late
European War.
The peril in this speaks for itself.
To employers everywhere I would say,
don't  set  your  wages  by  the  hungnp* Main. Monday evening, commencing at
crowd at the gates-of your mill.
Wm. Ivens M.L.A. for Manitoba, will
speak under the auspices of the Federated Labor Party in the Edison Theatre,
New Westminster, Sunday afternoon, 2
p.m.   Subject, "Collapse of Party Poli-
St-iking printers are still holding out
��� for the 44 hour week.   There is no hh-
! provement in the efforts of the employ-
The comparative international census "* lo n,n tngr-r plants under open shop
figures   for   1920-21.   so   far  available. | conditions.   The unskilled strike-break-
show the following rates of rise or fall' cr�� *rc ��"*'ng the employers more inconvenience and financial loss than it is
held in the Odd Fellows Hall, Sixth and   Great Britain, increase .._    _ 4.7% j generally known, bat the bosses are ��b-
Switzrrland. increase _    3.4% ! SMna,��' m *beir stand and in many cases
Sweden, increase     8.7% i ""-^ n<*  *'r*"ak aT��'a>   fr"m die Typo-
A public meeting under thc auspices
of the Asiatic Exclusion League will be , j��� populations since the last great count:
8 p.m.
I'.S-A..  increase
The people of Great Britain have to, iap_n. increase       ._  13.0" !	
pay upward of  $800,000,000  for their I , .������._ jW,   ECONOMIC COUNCIL TO
army this year, to have it hold down ! France, decline      _   5.5��T. UlTJMlVlSW GOVERNMENT
the vast stretches, of foreign real estate
that the British Government has acquired
Jail last week, following their arrest by (
appointment as a development of the j conditions improve,  suicide will berate war being waged by Poplar Bor- |eome leas frequent, but if th
state   of  thing  continues  for  any
ough against the London County C��m- ^ "^ ~��
dl. The government already has locked
up 16 men members -of the Council in
Brixton prison.
The women councillors, as well as
| the men councillors and boiough officials, are in jail for two reasons. They
refused to levy certain rates aad taxes
imposed by thc London County Council
upon the Borough of Poplar, aad -bey
voted cert_in funds to relieve unemployment which were to have been used
otherwise.   They are inoaeers m a non-
.o-operative movement wtnea is
a foothold among the -jmpalhiirn with
die poor and unemployed in
What about your
we may expect
aa even greater number of saic-des.
"While 225 children ended their
lives in the first half of 1920, the
number has more than doubled this
���fear. The children reported for the
first half of this year were 214 boys
aad 293 girls, a total of 507. The
average age is, boys 16, girls IB. A
large percentage of the girls took
poison, aad -Mat of the boys shot
IhiaT-aihrM. No* a few children
have given present school conditions
especially fear of examinations, as
the  cause of their attempt to kill
An organization meeting of the Federated Labor Party wfll be held in the
New   Westminster  Labor Temple  oa
Meetings Next Week
Tox tonus aad place of meeting
Boilermakers' Union
Electrical Workers
Pattern Makers
Street Bailwaymen
and Labor Conncil
Trades Conncil
Trades Union Directory
Marine Firemen
Machinists' 182
Sheet Metal Workers
Dairy Employees
Pile Driven
Photo Engravers
Figures relating to Germany and Russia are not yet to hand.
In the Indian Empire the population
has risen bv nearly four millions to 319.-  aDPon,,cd �� P-** ��*f���� f** P~vi��
075.132. and in thc Australian Coimnon    aaI -^��*r,**en�� *" unanimous endorse
At a meeting of representatives from
50 organizations a committee of ten was
wealth by nearly one million to 5.426.000.
The European population of the Union
of South Africa has had an increase of
nearly 150/100 to l-*i21j635. and New
Zealand (without the Maoris) an increase of over 200.000 to 1218.270.
ment of the meeting to thc proposals of
the Economic Council of Greater Vancouver, and to urge on the government
the appointment of the proposed joint
i commission.
The committee was appointed as follows. R E. Burke. M. J. Crehan, Stall-
Big British Increase ! Captain  Cummins.   D.  Hockan.   H.   D.
Tbe growth of Britain is indicated in' Hulme. W. H. Matldn. J. Nixon. C G.
these figures:                                        ��� jPeanock, B. Showier and Lt-CoL V.
1821 14i��lJ57       (Spencer.
1921 42J67.5J0 . AH the organizations were asked to
Thus it .is seen that in a century, and | confirm in writing their endorsement of
the plan of tbe Economic Council as
No reply has yet been received from
in spite of wars, the population of Great
Britain has been trebled
The population of "Greater London**
is 7.476,168. an increase of only 3.1 per the authorities at Victoria,
cent, as compared with 102 in the preceding inter-censal period
The population of England and Wales
is 37,885.242. of whom 18ju82220 were
males aad 19.803.0-2 were females.
The excess of the latter here amounts
to over 1.720J0O0. to which mast be added tbe Scottish excess of over 180,000.
Labor has made arrangements to contest practically all the urban constituencies of the pros an* of Ontario.
This brings the total excess to over 1,-
In 1911 tbe excess of females was L-
179276. The increase is therefore 723,
��� 'M
Official Organ of the Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council aad Af filiated     ���
good care that there is an exclusion
; policy adopted by the government, irrespective   of   the' fanatical   opposition
hy the Workers' Council.
Control  Committee:   F.  \V.   Welsh.  P.
K. Bengough. and W. J. Bartlett.
Pnbliaaed every rriday at Labor Hall,
319 Pender Street West
Vancouver, B.C.
Telephones Seymour 7495-7496
(Conducted ' by   Sydney   Warren)
Tlie Railway Commission of Canada
has decided that there shall bc no re- Through thc depths of the Devil's dark
, duction of freight rates, on the ground new,
j that the present wages of railway cm- VVith the distant stars for light,
iployees is the'subject of an investiga- They arc coming, the while you slumber, | Arbciterzeitung" of Berjin drew atten
Second Cla>s mailing privilegesapplied  tion    by   a   conciliation   board.   This *,���_   they  come   with   the   might  of I -ion to the fact that while the followers
Were Anxious to Keep Friendship
and Favor of English
Some time ago the "Kommunistische
Subscription Bates:
Si.V; per year by mail la Canada
SSL50 per year out���de Canada
Advertising Bates upon application
H. W. WATTS  -  Editor and
On a morrow���perhaps tomorrow���
You wilt waken and see and then
You will hand the keys of thc cities
To the ranks of the Hungry Men.
���Reginald Wright  Kauffm.an
J    Some men will tell you that they have
' just had to thtow overboard some old
I would   lead   one   to   suppose   that   the
| miserable increase in wages which the
employees received during the past three
| years has been the cause of the excessive
j increase in freight rates. Nothing could
lie further from the truth.    A ten per
! cent general reduction in freight rates
as proposed by Chairman Carvell, could
very* well be put into effect at this
time without being noticed by the stockholders.   The C.P.R. has been making
bigger   surpluses  during  thc   past   few jM,c( "f '--cir's because they  found it
years than ever in its history.    In fact ' '" be -*������*��� a"d strangely enough, draw-
President Beatty stated at the last share- | ->  l<-"K  '-����  while breaking the news.
Statements  which  are  excruciatingly  ������<--<���"���-'  ��"eeting that  the  railway  had   All of us have had this experience at
- i earned a good surplus after meeting its   one time or another, but Why shed tears
funn,   eminate every   once  ...  a  *-*!_.,   ^^   ^   ^.^   .^ ^ ��� _,  ^  _.rting?    ,f  __  .^  ^ ^
from the \ancouver Workers* Council, j dixidends.. ' j held has proven  wrong anJ  we get a
This organization was started, last year, j All of the railroad employees have ' "cw ��"c that strikes nearer the truth,
in an attempt to suggest ways and j heen working short time during thc rejoicing should be in order���never re-
means, to the authorities, to remedy thc Jyear and any considerable reduction ' Kr<-'t- Faiths, like old clothes, worn boots
unemployment situation. Outside of ' would bring great hardship upon them ��nd leaky umbrellas, should first be
suggestions for "hand outs" nothing of while it would in no way remedy con- ! diligently mended, and when their use
a substantial nature has been suggested j ditions regarding freight rates. is  then ended be  prudently cast aside
by the Council in spite of the fact that j    Judging from the bad financial condi- j for newer and better ones.
Ihe body is composed mostly ol" unem-   lion of the government  railroads,  due 	
ployed.    It. has condemned and sneered   mostly to the exorbitant cost of build a FOOT. AND HIS FANCY
at every effort made by other organiza- | ing and  operating,  one  would  get  the
lions to offer suggestions, and now it, idea that the decision of the Railway T,,e ",,,cr (,a> *ve read that the Rev
starts in to attempt to counteract the ! Commission is made preciselv for thc ! Ch ,rlt's ,h'K,cr' ol the Lakcwo<X-. ��J-
efforts of the Asiatic Exclusion League purpose of making the government roads j KP'^��Pal C!-*-r<-**- had grown weary ot
by adopting a resolution opposing any "pav." irrespective of the "melon" be- | Pruning to his millionaire congregation
legislation tending to exclude Asiatics ! ing handed the C.P.R. If this is thc ! a,1<J wa;* se,,,nK out on a reI'g-ous pil-
Irom the countrv. J purpose, it  will be a long time before ! nnmage to help those who had  fallen
Trades Union Directory'
Secretaries are ro-uested to keep this Directory up-to-date
Vancouver Unions
OOtrSTCn.���President F. W. Welsh:
S "ii'i.rv. P. Itengough. Office 3*8
Labor Hall. :is Pender Street West.
Phone Seymour 7495. MeeU In Labor
Hall at 8 p.m. on the first and third
Tu.adav   in  motif-.
BUIia>rxo_TB_U>ES  COtrHCH���-Caalna-B,
O. C. Thom.  Secretary.   Boy   Masasear.
Office   210  Libor  HalL   Meeta  flrat   aad
third Wednesday In month it Labor Hall.
ST BAT.BSMBM. Local No. .71 ���
President. H. Curtis: Secretary. W.
Baynes. 3*7 Eleventh Avenue Kast.
sleets at 319 Pender Street Weet on
second Monday of each month at 1
ST. rLOua.
SOR nBTjrK WOBB-_BS���President.
F. P. G/ugti; Secretary. W. H. McLean. -03$ Broadway West. Meets
at 319 Pender Street West at 8 p.m.
every third   Tuesday in month.
Such a foolish shortsighted policy j freight rales are low enough to aid in
could only lie expected from workers , the upbuilding of the country.
who are imbued with the dogmatic: One of the big troubles, is the fact
teachings of the Socialist party. There , that Canada has too many railroads. The
is neither ��ense nor reason to the reso- Grand Trunk has been a white elephant
luti'iri. and certainly no logic coming from the day the first tic was laid, and
as it does from a handful of unemploy- 'the traffic on it today is barely enough
ed. supposedly chasing jobs, while Asia- t�� hcep the, rails from rusting. Thc
tics are working ten. twelve and four-! same can be said of the branch lines
teen hours a day all over the province. . which the C.P.R. was compelled to build
Cio where we will over the: province f'" order to compete with the Grand
of liritish Columbia and we find the ''"'""Is ;,"<' Canadian Northern!
Asiatic, working at lower pay and long- j Great Britain is facing the same
cr hours, than white men. I'nemploy-1 problem as Canada by having too many
ment among the Asiatic is almost nil, I railroads, and that is why the National
and jobs are readily found for the ever , ���*���lion idea is taking a good hold of the
increasing hordes (hat come into Van -I people. It is claimed that four good
couver by underground routes. I road* could handle all thc transportation
One instance might be cited to show ! ���"�������� the rest could be junked and mil
lions   saved jn   freight  and  passenger
the menace confrontirg thc workers ���
in spite of thc denial of a menace by
W. A. Pritchard���is the condition in thc
paper mills of B.C.   The paper mill at      We  were informed  last  week by a
Ocean Falls is almost entirely run by ' member of the Canadian National Union
Asiatic  labor on  low wages and long  of Ex-service men that their members
hours. The paper mill at Powell River
is run in its entirely by white men.
100 per cent organized.  Just at the pres
were urging harvesters from the East
to winter in Vancouver this winter.
While we arc not in a position to con-
ent time thc Powell River paper com-' firm this information, it looks, on the
pany is seeking a second reduction in ; face of it. as though it might be thc
wage*, and the club that is being wield-' ������orh of some of the element who are
ed over the heads of the workers, is to i always in our midst and delight in stir-
the effect that tbe company cannot com- J ���"'"�� up trouble. No doubt last winter's
pete with thc Ocean Falls firm and that j demonstrations were top tame for a
if the men do not accept the reduction, great many of them and a few thousand
they will bc laid off and an open shop | morc unemployed would give . these
instituted. An open shop will mean people the chance to gloat oyer the mis-
eiilur further reduction or Asiatic em-1CT  and   "scientifically  educate"   them.
ployees.    If that  is  not a menace  to'  ���
the whole of thc workers in British ] With a hundred and. fifty thousand
Columbia and the Dominion, then we : miners out of work in the United States
would like to know what is. | and about a third of the miners in Can-
Asiatics are creeping into every line ada during this year wc are graciously
of business. Besides the paper mill informed that thc price of coal is in-
mentioned above, they are to be found. creased and will bc further increased
in very large numbers in lumber camps; because of the scarcity of coal. The
the sawmills are practically monopolized ' miners have been willing to work���but
by them; so is the fishing industry; every' �� scarcity gives the owners more profit
restaurant in the interior has Asiatic ; and enables them to slash Wages. This
labor; vast areas of fruit and vegetable j is one reason why the miners of Great
land arc under their control; 40 per cent j Britain are boosting for. and getting
of the janitor work in the cities is done the consumers' support in, the campaign
for nationalization of the mines. It
might be boosted to advantage in this
Canadians have frequently been accused of being land lubbers and lacking
the sea-faring spirit.    Yet they are in
no way to blame.   Canadian young men  dlfferent languages are commonly heard
have not responded to the caH-of thejm_hc streets and hotels,
-sea for thc simple reason that they have
never had a chance.   Cheap coolie la
by them; they are displacing car cleaners on the C.P.R.. in fact no matter
where you rum there you will find the
Asiatic busy at work while the white
men look in vain for it
The Socialist theory lo the effect that
we will have to compete with goods
made in Asiatic countries, were there no
Asiatics here, is only half a truth. There
is no palp wood in these countries and
no merchantable timber, and it would
he folly to suggest that we would have
to compete with their cooking aad hashing, janitor work, t.getabh. and fruit
raising, car cleaning, fishing, mining.
laundries, and the thousand and one
other things in which they have taken
the place of white men.
The Workers' Council can rave about
the abolition of the wages system, bat
unless we get down to the business of
remedying conditions now. very few of
as will be left to abolish thc wages
system. China has a surplus population
of many millions which it must get rid
of every year. Japaa has a surplus
population of over **00.000 which it mast
get rid of every year and where else,
but the American continent, would it
he possible for these hordes to find a
The -oikeis of Canada do not want
them here, even if the business clement
have heretofore wrkoastd them.   And
i of Canada are going to take
Organized lalior in every community
of British Columbia, would find many
benefits accruing from a series of socials and dances during the coming
season. A central body should be immediately organized for this purpose,
and the get-together spirit worked for
all it is worth. Every union in the
community could participate, if .one or
two dates during the season were to be
designated to each organization. A
Women's Auxiliary or Trade Union
League could very well handle such affairs, a percentage of the proceeds going to them for use in other work.
When one considers that thc Canadian Manufacturers' Association has always opposed Asiatic exclusion aad at
the present time is taking active steps
to head off the. new move, it leaves us
in doubt as to whose game the Socialists
and Council of Workers are playing.
- arrneSLibor   et
oven successful.
Thc Farnis*KLibor combination has
again proves succeVWful. Thc results of
the recent state elections in Victoria,
Australia, give the Farmer-Labor parties a majority of oat over the government ia that state. Final returns show
Labor 21, Farmers 12, Government 32.
in the mire. The strange thing about
it all was that he was going to the
Orient to do it. Apparently there were
none among his own kind at home to
lift out of the miasma, and so the Orient
was chosen as a stamping ground instead.
It has always struck us as a piece of
impertinence for the Occidental churches
to send out missionaries year after year
to -preach, not so much spiritual truths
this lo people whose owii creeds embrace
fundamentally   the   same   principles  as
Christianity, and whose religious organ
izations    were
western orthodox churches were
thought of.
Anyone who lias lived in the Orient
i-r has been intimately acquainted with
I* astern people knows that their conceptions of spiritual matters by far outweighs those of their Western teachers
Moreover, they do not find it necessary
to have fifty-seven varieties of denom-
in-itions to interpret them.
Dr. Bugler need not leave his own
country to assist the wretched and
stricken. ,
As thc Draiiiman said in "Thc Servant in the House": "There's a lot o'
liroilkTs ku<it-kin' ahaht a* people don't
know on, eh what?"
of thc Amsterdam International made
at least some effort to help the English
miners in their great fight, namely, by
the refusal of the transport workers in
the 'various ports of the Continent to
load coal intended for England, the so-
called "Red" International of Moscow-
did not raise a finger to help their English comrades.
In a second article the "Kommunistische Arbciterzeitung" suggests that
this policy of complete inaction in regard to the English miners is to be
attributed to thc fact that, in order to
avoid the risk of endangering the pro-
po>cd Trade Agreement between"*-Sovwt
Russia and the English capitalists, Mr.
Krassin has been obliged to make certain concessions to Lloyd George; wliie.li
means, in other words, that the Russian
Soviet Republic, in its anxiety to retain
the friendship and favor of the English
capitalists, lias been guilty of a base
betrayal of the English miners during
the recent lock-out.
The publication of such an insinuation
as this in the columns of a Communist  bkicilatebs. aisoiis ahd plust-
ERER8.���President,   W.   Kerr:   Secretary.
L.  Padxett.     Meeta at Labor Hall oa 2nd
I-.OTBBS, Loeal No. 4*4���President.
J. Smith: Secretary, B. Showier. SIS
fender Street Weet. MeeU at SIS
Pentler Street Weet at 8 p.m. on aec-
ond and fourth Fridays In month.
HAKQEES, Loeal Ko. - 13*.��� Preaident.
J. Kin*; Km. Ser.. R. A. Baker; Rer. Her.,
J. UcMillan. us Cordova Street Meeta
at 148 Cordova Street, at 8 p.m. on
eecond and fourtlijThu redeye In month.
s-ixb uEiviBs. aaiDoa. WMA_Jr~~I
DOCK atnXDBBS, Loeal No. 2404���
President, W. H. Pollard: Secretary.
X. II. Vernon, Box 3-0. Meets at SI*
Pender Street West. Vancouver, at 8
p.m. on second and fourth Fridays of
Local Xo. ISO���President, C. K. Her-
rett; Secretary. A. ��� R. Jennie. 320
('amble Street. Meeta Room 313, 31}
Pender Street West, at 7:15 p.m. on
second  snd fourth Tuesdays In month.
Bt^cKiao-xa, dbop i-obo-bs   i
SrB3a_r_BS, Local Xo. 151���President.
W. J. Bar-rielt: Seeretery. T. Mciiugh.
]���'���������" Sixth Avenue Weat. Meets at
St�� Pender Street West at   8 p.m.  on
-J____*___������day of each month.
BBB B ���E-.PKBS, Loeal No. 194���
Prealdent. R. Lynn: Secretary. A.
I'raser. Itflom 303, 31S Pender Street
West. Meets at 21} Pender Street
West, at 8 p.m. on first and third
Miiiitlays*   of eaeh  month.
Loeal No. 505 ��� President. Tlioa.
Andley; Secretary. Tom Cory. 445
Vernon Drive. Meeta at SIS Pender
Street Weat at 8 p.m. on first Tuesday
In month.
journal  speaks volumes.    Comment on ;
our part would bc superfluous.
Three Minute
and  4th  Wrdneaday  *n month
���I*r< aidrnt. n Brnnann; Rerrrtary,
Poy Mass.-eir. 31} Pender 8treet Weat.
Meeta at  31}  Pender Street West, at
H p.m .  ���..'<-,mil and fourth Monday.
BOOKBIIfDEBS, Loeal 105���Prealdent.
I    .Oeo.  Mowat;   Secretary.   Frank   Milne.
IHis.411. Meets at 319 Pender Street
:     Weat at 8 p.m. every third Wednesday
In month.
Local No. 28���
Preaident. J. White: Secretary. G.
Harrison. Office 148 Cordova Street
Weat. Meets at 148 Cordova Street.
Weat at 8 p.m. on the first and third
Friday   In   month.
Local No. 54 ���
Preaident, F. Loouey: Secretary. Oor-
tlon Rdwarda. 27SS Fifth Avenue West
MeeU at World Building. Vancouver.
at 8 p.m. on Saturday of each weelt.
I-oool No. 89���Prealdent. Charles Keall,
Secretary. Alfred Hurry. 881 Thirty-
fourth Avenue Kast. Meets at SIS
Pender Street Weat. at 8 p.m. on first
Wednesday In month.	
P-flTEBB -��a-rp-iip~W |i>.m o7
Ileya: Secretary. J. L. Irvine: Business A Kent. K. A. Ooddard. 854
Richards Street. Meeta at 31} Pender
Street Weet on first and third Mon-
day  In  month at  8  p.m.
Loeal No. 1TO���Prea'dent, Bert Stirah- im��:
Serretarr. J. Crowther: Huainrsa Agent,
F .W. Welah. Office SOI Labor Hall.
Meeta at 31* Pender Street Weal, at ���
p.~.  on second and fourth Friday*.
No. 12���President. Roy A. Perry: Secretary. Alexander Murray. 1484 Tenth
Avenue Weat. Meets at 4 40 Pender
Street   West,  at    7:30   p.m.  on    fourth
 Tuesday nf month.
P A RLI AMEN TAK Y CsHa_��___���T. ft h. IS".
Chairman, W. ..,Bartlet*   Seeretary. Mra
W. Mahon.    Ueeta in room 305 Labor Hall
ob   the   aecoad   and   fourth   Thursday   la
���oath al a ��~.
WWTftz, WriBB-BBB^Prealdent. P. 3.
Mcrarthy; Secretary, a. E. James.
1348 Odium Drive. Meeta at 44* Pender Street West. Vancouver, at 7:30
P-m. on last Friday in month.
Local No. ��}���President. S. W. Myera:
Secretary. B. B. Stephenson. Box 8M.
Meets at 112 Hastings Street. Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on second Tuesday In
Barr.BOan Samonia, Division No.
5}���President. A. N. Lowes: Secretary,
diaries Bird. 2030 Union Street.
Meets at I.O.O.F Hall. SI 5 Hamilton
Street, at 8 p.m. on first Monday in
Living as we do in a countrv- wlierc
one language is spoken from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and from tlie Arctic j
Ocean to the Gulf of Mexico, it is diffi-
���  paTticularbr^ ���ult ,for. man>; of us lo_ comprehend the
confusion of tongues on every other
continent and even in some cities. We
marvel   at   thc   number   o.f   languages
l,'is'toricar'^e^r��the'man>'EurTanS *?* ?Uent,/��� f��rRet
ting that where it is only a few hours
at the most to the borders of another
country in which a iliffererut language
is spoken-it is necessary for the business
men and women to speak that Iangnase
as well as their own, ant) perhaps several other languages as well in order to
"get on** at all.
The shifting of populations caused by
thc great war has further increased the
knowledge of many languages of the
average man and woman of Europe. It
is said that today Russian is spoken in
the streets of Berlin by refugees ,to
such a degree that Russian seems as
common as German. In Paris ��� thc
dress mecca of much of the world, as
well as the play city of the earth���every
one of the great languages is commonly
heard each day. It is no wonder, is it,
that many Europeans speak several
languages besides their mother, tongue?
In Rome and Constantinople dozens of
59���President. H. A. Black: Secretary.
Aid. W. J. Scribben. City Hall. Meeta
at M8 Cordon Street West, at 8 p.m.
on  first  Wednesday of each  month.
287���President. U. W. Hatch; Secretary
J R I'hvsi.k 1158 Thurlow Street.
Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall on first Sunday
at 2 p.m.. and on third Thursday at
8  n. m.
But,   of   all   cities,   perhaps   Cairo,
Egypt,   is   the  one   in   which  all  the
lor has taken their I place aboard {,0"gllc,   of   carth   are  heard   is   mo*t
Canadian deep-sea vessels and on the i �����sto*-'s��''*f* mixture. Froth every part
few ships where this has not been thc of ,he world P,e��s**��* ~*��*��� �� **��"
rase, poor conditions and low wa_.es
have combined to make sea-going a toss-
up with going to jail. Added to this,
union labor has always been discriminated against, either openly or in secret,
and ship's crews in consequence have
often been selected because of their being non-union men. and without proper
nt;.ml to seamanship qualifications.
A sea-spirit among Canadians can
only be developed when those who follow the sea are given decent living conditions and are not blacklisted for organizing to maintain them. Scab seamen can never develop the true sea
spirit for. lacking the courage to demand
decent conditions afloat, how can they
be cxpeVted to take any interest or pride
in their calling?
Many  a  woman  can  be  a  decided
blonde even though she only decided last
A man may think his wife hasn't a
thought above a new hat, and she is
quite convinced he hasn't an idea beneath his old one.
When a man feels he cannot live
without her, he wants to find out while
there is yet time.
Women are beguiling creataTes,
sweetly indicisive. vet reasoning;'with a
subtle penetrating logic.
Few men and fewer women are disappointed in love���it's marriage that
break.-the spell.
as those engaged in business come to
Cairo for the winter. The quaint bazaars sound like a veritable Tower of
Babel, so varied and so many are'the
languages spoken in the winding streets.
Guides who boast that they not only
know all the sights ^of interest in thc
country, but speak as many as 20 languages, besiege the traveler as soon as
he steps off the ship.. And each morning, when he walks out the doors of
his hotel, he feels as though the entire
population of the city were rushing to
attack him, so large is the number of
guides lying in wait to show him the
sights and tell him all about them in
his own language, no matter what
that tongue may be.
. The language situation in Cairo and
in many another Egyptian dty may be
understood when it is said that for a
telephone operator to obtain a position
she most know not only her native
tongue, but at least four other lan-
tfuages. ' These are English, French,
Italian and Greek. And she must be
able to speak each language with, such
perfect enunciation .here can be no
possibility of mistaking What she says
even over the "poorest wire" the
Egyptian telephone service can present.
452���Prea'dent   Geo.   H.    Hardy:   Secretary.    W.     J.     Johnston:      buainesa'
.�����ent. O. C. Thom.   Office S04 Labor!
"*ltall.    'Meeta  second  and   fourth   M011-   BAIXWAY
day,at 8 p.m.  in Labor Hall.
Branch.���Preaident. T. 8. Coope; Bnai-
neaa A rent. Anns MacSe-een: Serreiarv.
Ii. P. Webber. 146 l��th Are. W. Meeta
2nd and 4th Tueaday at �� p.m, in P.L.P.
Hall.     .
Ho. 8 Branch.���Secretary. W. Bray, 80
16lh Ave. W. MeeU lat and 3rd Turn
day al 8 p.m.. ia PL P. Hall. 148 Cordo-a
81. W.
eaammUmMMma, Local  No.  SU���Pveal-
dent.     O.     Thomas;   Secretary.   R.    J.
Cral*. St   Kootenay Street.    Meeta   at
SI9 Pender Street Weat. at S p.m.   on
first Tuesday tn month.
. Local 213���
President. I> W. McDougrall: Secretary,
P. R.' Burrows: Buainesa Agent K.H.
Morrison. Office 44�� Pender Street
Wast. Meeta at 440 Pender Street
Weat at  8   p.m   every  Monday.
-TTBB nOirSBS, Local No tH_ President. Percy Trevtse: Secretary. Chea.
A. Watson. Xo. 3 Fire Hall. Twelfth
and Quebec Streets. Vancouver. Meeta
at  119 Pender Street West.
oak-ten-  woBsntBa. l<��-i no. ko
 President, Mrs. W.  Mahon: Secretary,
Ada llawkaworth. S518 Fleming Street.
Meets at Labour Hall at 8 p.m. on
f'rst Thursday In month.
Local No. !8���President. J. Cummlnga;
Secretary. J. W. vanHook. 441 Seymour
Street. Meets at 441 Seymour Street
at S:S1 p.m on second and 8:30 p.m.
on fourth Wednesdays in month.
~-K.__ST WOBSnaa. Local No
43���President, J. K. Dawson, Secretary.
F. T. Kelly. 1858 Hastings Street Fast.
Meets second and fourth Mondays in
month.   SIS Pender Street,
a*, wood, was a
Local No. 207���President- A. B. Flnly.
Secretary. A, P. 8uia��s. SSS Fifty-
aeventb Avenue East. Meets at SIS
Holden Bulldlnc. Vancouver, at S p.m.
on first and t^lrd Fridays In month.
^Toeal "
No. 4 I-Pre*!
.i-nl. H. J. Rhodes: Secretary. 11. Walker.  1008   Pendrell   Street.    Meets   at
Roam SOS. SIS Pender Street West, at
8 n.m. on third Wedneadsy In month.
CHICAGO.-Thc 42 officers of the
Bakers' and Confectioners' onion who
were seized by the State Attorney's office in connection with the bakers' strike,
have all been released on bail Judge
C A. McDonald of the circuit court.
reduced tbe bail which he had originally fixed at ITMUOOB per man to $10,000
each, and on Wednesday the saa of
$42000 was raised.
of.  Division No.  310���Prealdent.
P. Boston; Secretary. H. A. B Mae-
Donald.   1223  Pendrlll  St.. Vancouver.
M��et��   at   IO.O.P.   Hall   oa   aernnd   and
Fourth Tuesdays In eaeh month at  8
r. Local No. ��St���President.
T. McF���en: Secretary. H. a. Campbell
744 flelmcken Street. Vancouver.
Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall, on flrat and
third Thar-daya ef each  aaeatk.
EAILWAY CARMEN. Lodge No. 58.���Preai
dent, T. Sommenrille: Secretary, B. J.
8anaom. 5SS0 Sherbrooke St Meets lat
���nd 3rd Friday., in Cotillion Hall,	
.  Local  No.   144
���Prealdent.   C.   A.   Mitchell:   Secretary.
D. A. Munro. 70 Seventh Avenue West.
Meets at I.O.O.F Hall. Hamilton Street
at-7:30 p.m. on first Tuesday and 3:30
P.m.on   third Tuesday.
Local No. 37�����
President. A. P. Qlen: Secretary, O.
T. Brown, 31 IS Twenty-seventh Ave.
West. Meets at 319 Pender Street
Wast at S p.m. on first and third
rasaa a sa,
JW���President C. ���*. C. Cralg;
Secretary. Geo. Cray. '1838 First Ave.
East. Meets at Eagles' Hall. Vancouver at 2:3�� p.m. on first and third
Sundays  In   month.
TEaMSTBXS. Local No. SSS���Piaaident W.
M. Brown: Secretary. Blrt Showier Office
S0�� Labor Hall. Meeta aecond and fearth
Wedseeday al S pm.  in Labor Hall.
UMIOM���Business Agent. R.
Townseod. Meets at 7 p.m. every
Monday at  183 Cordova Street Weat
shift rnuonc sna��BrrBBB-  trsnoM,
No. 878���President. Frank McCann.
Secretary. T. J. Hanarin. 2S78 Sixth
Av.-piie West. Vancouver. MeeU at
441 Seymour Street, Vancouver, at 2.30
n.m. on first Sunday  In month.
STEAM   ��   OS
Ijseal      No.     820���President.
Weelman.     Meets at  31S  Pend.er    St..
W. Vancouver, at 7:30 p.m. on second
 and fourth Tuesdays In month.
Parris Secretary. H. 3. Hart-Ira Baal
aaas Arent, A J. Crawford. Offles. Sll
Labor Man. Meeta second and foartk
Tharsday at S p.ai. la Laker HalL
fcocal Wo. SBC--President. W.
Bayley: Secretary. A. Blrnie. ;�����
Commercial Drive. Meats at Sit Pender Street Wast at ��� p.m. on aecond
Monday In month.
awr k axaomMj aint-t
I,ocal No. 3S-SS���Secretary-Treasurer.
B. Xlxaa: Baalaeaa Agent, tat Bursa. 1SS
Cordova Street Weat. Meeta al ISS Carders Street West, at S p.aa, oa first aad
third Fridays ia month.
TOSS   Local
No. 348���President. W. McCartney.
310 London Building: Beeratary. O.W.
Sazted. 210 London Building. Meeta
at SI* London Building on first Bun-
day In month at T:S> p.m.    	
Loeal No. 187���President. A. Osborne
Secretary. A. D. McDonald. SSI Pender Street Weat. Vancouver. Meets
at ��� n.m. on third Thursday In month.
Or AantaiCA, Amilgamat-
��h|   Association  of. Division No. 101 ���
Sre-ldent. R. Itlgby: Secretary. F. K.
Tiffin. 447 Sixth Avenue East, Vancouver. Meeta A.O.F. Hall. Mount
Pleasant st 10:15 am. on first Mon-
dav  and 7 p-m. on third Monday.
BTOsTB OUIVBSM. Loeal 1*2���President. C. Dolmaa: Secretary. F. Rumble.
1*8 Onttmrd Street. Meets In LabO'
Hall Vancouver at 8 p.m. first Tde��-
day_jn month.    	
taaaraosf_r6riau-ro��s ���" t*s_r"rf
A I.BE.W    attentarjr.   Ml.,   p.   rexcreft
Offles Boom SOS Laker Hall. Sit Pender
V, Local No. 178���Preai-
R. A. Lawaon. ItSS Seymour
Street: Secretary C. McDonald. P. O.
Box 503 Meeta at Sit Pender Street
Weat. at 8 p.m. on first Monday In
_. Local 228���President
C. H. Coiner; Secretary and Buainesa
Agent. R N. Neelanda; Office 314 Labor Hall. Meeta laat Sunday In eaeh
month at > p.m.
���Local lit���president W. j. Park:
retary.  O.   W.  Allln:   Business   Agent.
Meeta at SOI London Building at ���:*���*-
am. on aecond Friday In month.        /
Its���President. W.
Clark: Secretvry. J. O. Keefe: Busi-
rent.  F.  Bencotigh:  Office Sit
Street West.    Masts   at    lit
Street w *t at t p.m. on second
fourth Thursday.
-   Bowyer:  Secretary A
Halt.   Homer
London   Building,     k
Street, at 10
145��� President.
i.    Stt
at   Mi
ay la month.
_   Sta���President. 3.
H.   Robb;   Secretary.   Evan   McMillan
Business Agent, p. Bengough:   Office
Sit Pender Street    Want.    MeeU    at
Labour Hall at I p.m. aa second   and
faartk Taeaday,
Provincial Unions   /
. dent. C. Bieveeti. 1T.S
Denman Street; Secretary E. Woodward. 1SSS Carlln Street. Meets at t
p.m. on first aad third Wednesdays
lw month at Tradea Hall. Broad! Street.
Stt. PfialBsal, 0. K. Christtaa; Seere-
larytiiassiai, W. H. Oaard. Bex 30t.
Meats last Waalay af month la New Trade*
Hall. Broad Btrest.
.-.-eat.     S.     D.
IcOonaM...Prince   Rupert:  Secretary.
O.  Waddell. Bag   4M.  Prince Rupert.
Meeja ad  Carpenters'   Hall  on   seeond
an��r foi���'
. ---sal -a==Pree4aW John
Brown; Beeratary, Oeo. Annaad. 12SS
Albert Street. Meats at Lafeoor Hall
at t n.m. oa first   and  third Friday
Build a bigger and better business by
employing UNION men. and adveiis-
ing in ���The News.
-P���saldent  3. Lotman. Nelson:
Secretary. Felix Pexerll. Bog 424 Nel-
. Prealdent Jamas Ma-
tMe. Ravelatoke; Secretary. Philip
Parker. Bog Stt. Revelatofca. Meets
at S r> m. at City Hall. Be-rletnke. on
the second and fourth Saturday of
month. * �� _
I��� Preohttwt,  M.
Sll   Begins.   Street
ays    t__   month    at
J* tew
I '1*1 ������/���
!',. ''  .-'
��� ���
<l ���      I .    ',    ' , ���
iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiii iiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiittmam
In these columns there will be printed every week the
leading editorials from other newspapers and magazine*
Bcim; in the railway business the
people oi Canada will no doubt lie
treated to a great deal of railway talk
during the lime between now and cite
tion day. If the coming contest will
icsult in a study of the railway situation it will have served a great purpose,
for no other figures and collection of
facts will  prove  more  interesting.
The people of Canada have madesotnc
very generous presents to the railways.
As a matter of fact some $620,000,000 in
money has been handled to them, in addition t'i 44 million acres of land. Quite
a tidy little gift. The C.P.R. came off
best in the matter of land grants, hav
received  the  nice  little  present  of
In Woman's Realm!
instead of lying idle, as too often has
been the case when little money and lots
of work was required. The people of
today care as much for what money
will buy as they do for the accumula- j "'
tion of a fortune.   It would be hard to! day
Vitamines--Their Importance In|
Bone Formation
Had   the   medical   fathers  of  20  or'.no   particular  cause   for   mortification,
more years ago known about vitamines   Should attention be called to a, knock
2HHI6.000    acres    o
imagine most of us satisfied today with  j
out    tlie   automobile,    the   movie,   the ���
steam heated flat, the up-to-date bungalow, etc.    It would be unthinkable for
the capitalist, thc farmer, the employer,
the mechanic, the tradesman, the laborer,
to   go   back   to   the   long   machincless.
hand-working, low-standard-living days.
And above all. the "open shop" idea
of disrupting unionism, enslaving lalior
with   lung  hours  and   short  pay.  while'
overcharging for production, is unhcar-
alile   to   contemplate,   since   this   anti-
f    Canadian    terra ! union  propaganda  has  so little respect
fresh foods, the short skirts of to-
kould be revealing fewer bow-legs
ami knock-knees. Indeed, it was only
clv-'l or nine year-, ago. that vitamines
were recognized as important essentials
of f<�� J: as fats, oils, sugar and pro
I kneed person while sitting, a lump or
projection might be observed at the
lower end of "the thigh bone.
In addition to the displacement of the
lame*, there may be a relaxed condition
of the ligaments of the knee joints,
especially on their inner aspect. This
may be due to faulty state of the bones
firma, as against 16 million acres grant
ed to the present government roads. But
what the latter fell short in land grants
they made up many times in cash. The
government roads and other lines other
than tlie C.P.R. have received in subsi
for the genuine "back to normal" conditions.
Indeed, luxuries of bygone times
have la-come necessities of today; not
only in our modes of living, but also
have much to do with the stabilization
The  absence of vitamines in impure during early life and become apparent j
milk, dry milk, artificial foods and can at birth, like the various forms of ch.b-
ncd  goods is responsible  for beri-beri, foot   Or it may be due to poor nutri-
scorvy. pellagra and rickets with its at- tion during childhood when  the  bones
leiidaut   soft   bones,   bow-legs,   knock- are having their most active growth, or j 1
knees and other- deformities. ; to diseases like rickets, which are the
The    bony    affections,    knock-knees result of improper feeding,
and   l��w legs,   which   disfigure   many       Bone deformity may also be associated
Dominion,    provinces    and j of our economic problems.
municipalities $111,500,000; in loans $68.-
OOO.GOO; in subscriptions to shares $2,
800.000; in executed bond guarantees,
S.WmOOO. or in all $540^00,000. The
C PR. has lieen presented with over 7��
million dollars. Such has been the generosity of Canada to its railways.
The problem of Canada in endeavor-
in/ to make a success of the operating
of 22,250 miles of railway in competition
with the C.P.R. is a great one under
present circumstances. The capitalization of thc roads taken over by the
government as compared with C.P.R.
figures reveals thc enormity of the
government's obligations. The capitalization of the C.P.R. per mile is $30.579.4.
The capitalization of the government
roads taken as an average amounts to
$��i2.476j6, or over double that of the
road with which they have to compete.
It would appear that the first s*ep in
placing our national roads on a paying
lia*is would involve revaluation and re
capitalization. But euch a move can
not bc expected from those who now
arc in power in Ottawa and they should
not be returned.���Alberta Labor News.
children, would not occur, no matter
bow early the child held its own weight.
if the proper ingredients were present
in the youngster's food.
Once the lames are permanently bent,
however, it requires thc skilful ingenuity <>:" an accomplished orthopedic spe-
with injuries ;,i,,| with certain forms of
paralysis, it i, not improbable that!
knock-knees may lie a sequel in the'
cases of those who were victims in the |
epidemic of infantile spinal paralysis a I
few years ago.
When knock-knee is developing in a
"Back to Normalcy" is a much-discussed topic today. Just what is really
meant by it? We are ewWntjf'nbt as
unsound financially as appears on the
surface in these "semi-profiteering"
times. What would be considered normal conditions a few years ago would
be  a plague  to  this  modern  and  un-
Howevcr,  there  'ctms to be no immediate   prospect   of   getting   back   to
normalcy.     Discriminate  wage  cutting. I
with war prices prevailing in too many |
instances,"  has   done   more   harm   than |
good.    There  are   still  many  high >al- I
aried   non-productive   individuals   who
should not be immune in this respect.
Profiteering and grafting in many cases
go on  unmolested.���The  Herald.  London. Out.
Arthur Mcighen, usurper Premier oi
Canada, has spoken. A dwindling majority in thc House leaves him tottering
in the premier's chair. , Hence his decision at long last that an election is a
necessity. Evidently he prefers to sink
beneath the shock of a general election
rather than molder piecemeal on Parliament Hill. Not that Arthur intends
to sink���if if can lie avoided���far be il
from such. Many a politician has
managed to keep his head above water
during a tempest by using air-filled tariff watcrwings. The success of this
venture depends Tipon thc performer deluding the electorate into believing that
unless every man Jack puts his faith in
air-filled tariff water-wings the hated
foreigner will open the flood-gates and
drown us all in a sea of milk and honey.
Having reached this momentous decision   Mr.  Meighcn   assembled in \Jk-
city of London, a number of senators
and a score of Ontario members of Par
] liament, together with local dignitaries
settled world of ours VMlay. We have
outlived tlie stage coach period and en-: and many prominent men from all pasts
tered the life of thc flying machine, of Ontario to hear the premier declare:
Wc are in a progressive, not a reaction- "We must revise our tariff." That is
ary  age.    The   so-called  normal   times  the big imperative thing the people of
which seem to be implanted in some
people's minds arc woefully out of step
with the pace set by labor-saving, time-
saving and pleasure-making ingenuity
of the twentieth century. Science keeps
right on perfecting its ^narvels of
achievements, which filially has brought
on a transformation in our modes of
living. Humanity never was so fidgety
and upset as it is today, for thc very
reason of our progrcssiveness. The
world war with its destructiveness,
wastefulness and extravagance has afflicted people with a ctaving for a change
of life. Along with sorrow and distress the war has given thc masses as
well as the classes a taste of prosperity
in a lavish expenditure and circulation
of wealth. It has taught thc wage-earning producer, like the man with income,
to acquire thc habit of enjoying fully
the comforts of life, which present day
inventive genius affords, and which only
money can Iwy. The masses have
learned how to earn, save, thrive and
spend. The products of brain, brawn
and nature are no longer luxuries only
to exclusive classes.
Capital must recognise that todays'
prosperity depends on the prosperity of
the masses, whose co-operation is needed, both financially and spiritually. B.uk
to normal wages and financiering applied to twentieth century ideas would
be disastrous to the country. Production, good wages and good times go
v.etl together. Money has never been
more powerful as a medium of exchange
than it has been when it was thoroughly
circulated among the working classes.
Money, and lots of it. can be put to unlimited use for the well-being of all.
Canada have to do." "We can't have
wealth and grow th and unity until we
know- whether the people want a' pro
lective tariff or whether they don't."
Isn't it awful? Wc have taken thc
advice of Mr. Mcighen and his friends,
worked and tried to save, produced and
[���indined, and produced, and received
very little for our pains and now we
find that we should have been blowing
up our water-wings. Most people have
not used theirs since 1911 so the chances
arc that they'll be moth-eaten when
found among the anti-reciprocity literature in thc attic.
Some < I us thought we had discarded
water-wings lorever. Some of us
thought the issue in thc next election
might bc whelher the producers or thc
plunderers shrtild govern Canada. Some
of us thought it might be a contest for
supremacy between the exploited an I
the exploiters. And so it will be. Let
the waitr wings rot in the attic. Mr.
Meighcn can not stop the onward march
of the Fanner and Labor forces by
prating about the tariff any more than
he could dam the Niagara with a copy
of the war time cl��;ctioirs act, or subdue
the equinoctial storms by putting a
neppermint on his window sill.���F. )
Dixon in The (Winnipeg) Independent.
cialist to straighten them and not leave child attention may be called to it by
either the la��w in the legs, the knees his peculiarities in walking, as he
bumping, or flared out feet. j stumbles or falls frequently and has an
The remedy for these bony deform-   awkward, waddling gait.   Tlie deformities  rests upon the age of the victim   ity may not be very great, but it grad-
and   the   degree  of   the   disfigurement,   ually gets worse as the child progresses.
Tlie   food  must  be  improved.    Braces ; As  soon  as  the  condition  is observed!
and appliances ought to lie u>ed. as~\vell   he should be referred to a skilled sur
avjnas<agc. electricity and vibration.
Some types of knock-knees show the
inner surfaces of the knees arc in cou-
geon  for treatment
Finally,   you   should   remember   that
the vitamines so necessary*  for correct
tact  with  each  other,  and walking  is ijrrowth.   strength   and   shapeliness   are
difficult on account of continual inter
ference. This is most noticeable when
the limbs are extended, that is. when
one is standing or walking. When thc
legs arc flexed or bent, as in sitting.
there mav be little or no trouble and
obtainable in germ-free, fresh milk, in
butter, carrots, cod liver oil, oranges,
and most of all in human milk���mother's
milk. Breast���fed babies are prettier,
healthier and have" better figures in
adult life.
I Women's Trade
$. Union League:
National Women's Trade Union
League Want World-wide
WASHINGTON.-World-wide * dis-
, armament demonstrations by die women
; of all nations will be held on armistice
a lajdily sense and in a highly sanitary j
condition, and the worker who falls sick
can go to a hospital free of charge and {
be returned to the factory in the short- !
est possible time, and science is at the
disposal of his wife to produce as easily
as possible the  largest possible number
of   future  factory hands  so that  there
will  always  be a  labor  surplus. i
The other day the newspapers ran a
story of a Henry Dnhb who was per-.
milted to earn $20 a week at a large  ^ ^ w of t||C Washington confcr.
department  store,  while 'his  wife  had,
produced 19 children. Thus we see! j^ N._tion_. Womcr,.s Trade Union
what science is able to do for a human , ___��� ^ .__. ^ ;���������_,;__.. ,, more
being under capitalism. At one end of L _ ^ o( ^^^ ^^^
the capitalist picture you have this poor' ^ ^^ Sute. invhing ^ |o
woman and at the other-you have a use- j m^mfme with lh, {&kguc ������ , demon.
let. and bedumonded shit nursing a lap ^^ %q ^ hM fa VVash-_glon
dog in a marble palace. Similarly, the American delegates to
Tlie human family can not begin to
approach its glorious destiny while
science and education are merely agencies for the production of efficient and
docile human machines to produce dividends.
When science and education arc wedded to human welfare under a co-operative organization of society, progress
and happiness will be beyond our fondest imaginings. Until they are so wedded the great mass of the people will
be kept mentally, spiritually and bodily
on the threshold of starvation. ��� The
New  York Call.
the  Congress  of   Working  Women  at j
Geneva early in September, will seek to
| foster like activities at all the capitals (
of Europe on the same date.   While the
American  demonstration  will   focus  at
Washington, and large numbers of women   from all  parts,of  the  states will
I attend, il is planned to hold local mass
> meetings   and ' parades   in   other   large
; cities, especially  New   York.  Philadel-
! phia. Kansas City. Chicago. Seattle. St
Paul and St. Louis.
Invitations to participate have been
; sent by Mrs. Raymond Robins, presi-
| dent of the league, to 48 foreign coun-
! tries where the Women's Trade Union
FRENCH  POLICY  IN  SILESIA  movement is established.
The following places are run under
non-union conditions and are therefore
unfair to organised labor.
Stettler Cigar Factory, making Van Loo
and Van Dyke Cigars.
King's Cafe. 212 Carroll St
Capitol Cafe. 130 Granoille St.
White Lunches.
Electrical Contractors.
C H. Peterson, 1814 Pandora St.
Hume 4 Rumble. Columbia St, New
Westminster. B.C
The Chilliwack Electric Co- Ltd., Chil
liwack.  B.C.
Science of late years has wonderfully
improved the breed of vegetable and
animal life. The hen, the cow. thc potato and the apple have come in for
the tenderest consideration. Science is
also welded to industry for the production of larger dividends. It has also
been permitted to make great strides toward the elimination of diseases, thereby to promote the efficiency of tbe human machines and increase the dividends. Smallpox has vanished from
civilization, typhoid is rapidly following
it; the Rockefeller Foundation, in its
last annual report notes that malaria
has been cut down by as high as 94 per
cent in certain southern cities. The
mortality in such diseases as measles and
scarlet fever has been cat down prodigiously.
The .scientists keep us cleaned up in
Why is it that the French propose, in
spite of the vote, to give the whole of 1
the Silesi.ui industrial area, with its
almost solidly German towns, to Poland?
There are, of course, the usual reasons
which govern all French policy in Central Europe. The loss of this prosperous industrial region will lame Germany
Think It Over
Don't go to the meeting.
If \ou do go, go late.
If the weather doesn't suit you, don't
think of going.
, If you do attend a meeting, find fault
with the work of thc officers and mem-
and   strengthen   Poland.    Again,  since  bers.
the mines will certainly be absorbed, hy!   ^ S^tTlS^a. ** " " '*"" *
-     _���. n t_    ����� a. _. _��� .a. , i cnticws than to do things.
French finance, it wdl help onward that     Grt sore if you are not appointed on
monopoly of the coal supplies of Europe  committees, bat if you are. do not at-
at   which  the   French   were   obviously  tend committee meetings
aiming when they proposed to occupy!    " �����*-����� -V the chairman to give your
opinion on some matter, tell him you
have nothing to say. After the meeting
tell everyone how things should be done.
the Ruhr coalfield.
But   there   are   some   more   definite
reashns still.    Poland owes to France I    Do nothing more than absolutely nee
many millions for munitions supplied to ��� essary. but when members    use    their
her. and thc debt continues to grow.   If' ���*&& *�� ���"*�����*- matters along, howl that
Poland   gets   the   Silesian   mines,   that  Ut* "_f ���_��" b *T__> �� _jjjj-
Hold back your dues, or don t pay at
asset may help to pay the French for
their past and future military aid to
Poland. Nor is that all. Poland has
already made over to French financiers
the oil fields of Eastern Galicia (properly Ukrainian soil). Bat the treaty has
not yet been ratified, and there is some
reason to believe that Poland delays the
ratification until France has done her
part by securing the Silesian spoil
The more one reads on this unsavory
subject the harder it is to avoid complete cynicism. Italy, to be sore, has
taken what is manifestly the side of
justice. But one treads that Italian fin-.
ance has arranged that rectitude shall
be profitable. The Germans are paying
for Italian support by assigning to Italian banks large blocks of shares in die
Silesian industries.
The issue of Silesia is big enoogh in
itself, and yet it is only one phase of the
Don't bother about getting new members.   "Let George do it**��� (Comi
cial Telegraphers' Journal.'
PHILADELPHIA -Organized labor
of Philadelphia is fallowing the example of Cleveland, Washington and
Seattle by organizing a co operative
tormenting struggle between French aad
British policy. These perpetual jars
mean that official, militarist, financier-
ridden France is hesitating as to whether
she dare make a complete breach with
Great Britain. Probably the breach will
not come yet bat if France should decide to throw over the elusive alliance
we must be prepared to see an attempt
la realize her entire, logically-knit
scheme of military and economic domination.���London Dairy Herald
Quality CirT_*ulation���Buying Power
The manager of this paper would be pleased to
talk business with you.
���. m
i.      ^  /       .
,      \
u ;
Secret Diplomatic History
��� The more one studies the diplomatic I August 6, 1917, when Mr. George and
history of  the  late  war  the  stronger ! M. Ribot agreed to make a definite of-
grows the impression that the lines of   '" ?f j-����*aKra,.e peaCe ^ *5 EmV?T��T.
* . Karl. The basis now adopted consisted
the settlement, as it ultimately emcrg- | ������ an offer to restore Silesia as one of
ed, were largely accidental. There, thc hereditary states of Poland, as it
had, of course, been from the first an ; existed in 1772, with the whole of the
active   school   of   thought   which   was  existing kingdom of   Bavaria, as   fed
. ,  .       ...        crated states under the imperial scept-
bent on the destruction of Atfstna-Hun-   cr   Tlti rcturn for tnese concessions the
gary. It was only in the last year of I monarchy need only' surrender thc
the war that it won .the leaders of the jTrentino to Italy and transform thc sta-
Entente, and even then the decisive | tus of Trieste at least to that of a free
facts was the service rendered by the I port." The plan was absurd, for the
Checko Slovaks in fighting the Bolshe- Hapsburgs lacked the daring, if they
viks. The decisive evidence on this J had the treachery to accept German ter-
point'Comes from the detailed narrative j ritory. The Poland of 1772 included,
of his efforts to make peace on Aus-j besides the Duchy of Warsaw, much
tria's behalf, which Prince Sixte of [genuinely .Russian territory. Serbia and
Bourbon has at last given to the world i Ruiriania   would  have  had  to  content
("Austria's Peace Offer." Constable).
The book is too fully documented, and
too garrulous in its personal details to
be very readable, but it is full of curious and illuminating information. The
main point of interest to us is that, over
a period of several months in 1917, both
thc French and the British governments
were prepared not merely to make an
easy peace with Austria, if she would
desert her Ally, but actually to aggrandize her into the most most considerable power of the continent!
The    ample    documents    speak,   for
themselves.      The   decisive   date    was
themselves with their territory as it
stood in 1914, for no Czechoslovakia
would ever have existed. It is obvious
from this and much else in the book
that the sole consistent idea of the heads
of the Entente was to weaken Germany.
If that could be achieved by making a
great Austria, allied to themselves, in a
new balance of power, they were quite
content". The "liberation" of thc Austrian Slavs was an after-thought and a
means to an end. In its way a revelation of this kind is as shattering as the
secret treaties themselves.���London Nation.
A vast number of aspirants to Federal
seats are seeking delegations to urge
them to become candidates.
Thc wise birds are informing all and
sundry of the' splendid chance Mr. So-
and-so ha* against Mr. Whats.-his-n.amc.
There arc some who go instinctively to
the bottom of the matter and sling mur.
Quite a lot is being said about what
Mary Ellen will do or should do, but the
fact of the matter is that Mary has
already made up her mind that she
wants a Federal scat and that inasmuch
as the popularity for her is waning, she
will grab a good scat while the chances
arc good. But���well there's many a slip
tv.ixt the cup and the lip.
A Few Smiles
'1 tic stingiest man was scoring a hired
man for his extravagance in wanting
lo carry a lantern when going to call
on his best girl.
"The idea!" he scoffed. "When I
was courtin' I never carried no lantern;
1 vent i-j the dark."
Thc hired man proceeded to fill the
lantern. "Yes," he said sadly, "and look
what you got."
Even a Socialist has heard the "call"
irom the miners of Vancouver Island.
I!ut others do not like the dictatorship.
A small lioy had been vaccinated. Tlie
doctor was preparing to bandage his
"Put it on the other arm," said the
"Don't be absurd," said the doctor,
"the bandage is to protect the sore
places. It won't get knocked about by
Ihe other boys you sec."
(By Federated Press.)
WASHINGTON*. B.C. - Wholesale
"frame-ups" against all the officials of
the United Mine Workers of America
by stale and county authorities will be
the next step in thc West Virginia
struggle between miners and operators.
This is the word brought to Washington
by officials of District No. 17.
'Constructive Murder"
\C. F. Kceney and Fred Mooncy, president and secretary of District No. 17,
United Mine Workers of America, al-
have been indicted by a Mingo
County grand jury on trumped-up j br'ngjng the"parliamentary party up to
charges of murder.    It  is alleged that' ^n
they "incited a disturbance" which re- since ,hc generai election. Labor has
suited in a man being killed. There is contcstcd 40 out of 64 seats, and has
no accusation that they were present at j r,a;nc,i eight
the killing.   This is known as "construe- j 	
tive murder," and under this theory it '
is possible to indict 'men on very far-!
fetched theories.
LONDON, Eng���The British Labor
Party is the largest political organization of the working class in the world.
The party membership, according to
the latest figures, is 4.256,674. Trade
unions    affiliated    number    126;    trade
councils, 418.
i a
The finances of thc party are in a
satisfactory condition, the year 1920 ending with a cash balance of over $100,000.
Labor has contested 15 of thc 34 by-
elections which have taken place during
the year, while one Labor member was
returned unopposed.
The   net jgain  has   been   four   scats,
1.    Thou -halt apply to me for a
i job  in  a  gentlemanly  manner and
RENT STRIKES IN i job  in  a  gentlemanly  n
OLD ENGLAND 8how ���?reat humility, that I, thy prospective boss, may know thou art
2.    Thou ahalt be equipped with
Over 1,000 tenants on the Well Hall
estate���a southeastern suburb of London broad shoulders, bulging biceps and
"Put  it on  the other arm," said the
Some South Vancouver Lilierals have I hoy more earnestly.    "You don't know
discovered   a   "friend  of   labor"  whom j the fellows at our school."
they are  going  to lioost  as a Liberal
labor candidate. DISTINGUISHED
"Who is that poor fellow with thc
guards watching him?" asked the visitor
to the penitentiary.
"Oh. he's a desperate criminal." replied lhe warden. "He is doing twenty-
years.   He. wrecked a train."  '
"And who is that trusty who seems
to have so many privileges?" asked the
"Oh, he's a financier," replied the
warden. "He's doing two years. He
wrecked a railroad."
A ureal many "independents" are looking up their past records and hunting
for a popular plank on which to ride to
victory. Most of them will walk and of
course arrive too late.
We have great pleasure in nominating
Mr. Moneybags to contest the "right to
live" constituency. He is leader of the
"open shoppers" and has a large following of unorganisVd wage workers who
arc always pleased tp help him.
/ *   *^���-~~-
The pick-and-shovel stiffs and hayseeds are beginning to work in conjunction for thc defeat of the Liberal and
Conservative candidates. Hope springs
eternal, etc., but it would be a change
that is worth while voting for.
Railroad employees of Kamloops, B.C.,
are going to put a Labor candidate in
the field. Looks as though they intend
to fight out the proposed wage reduction in the proper place���Ottawa.
News In Brief
A? great many workers are wasting
their strength and efforts by endeavoring to build up other organizations on
the supposition that the millcnium will
be ushered in that much quicker.   Their
-are refusing to pay the increase of w<*ak mentality, that thou may suffer efforts appear to have just thc opposite
_ less keenly * cticct.
rent recently sanctioned by law.   The ���     3     Tho_ _h^t romember the hole
rent strikers include a labor member of 'thou are digging to keep it holy 'til
parliament.   Thc "Daily Herald" gives it's hole enough.
an account of the present state of .f-l    .*���   J"?u ***lt -J1**,-1'"* ^rwhe]-
. .      ���,.��� ,. . . ming desire to wield  thy pick and
fairs:   When two collectors issued from ahovel. that the job may be long that
their office with money bags and lists  I thy boss giveth thee,
one morning they were met by women j     ���>���    Thou ahalt while in my prea-
pickets, who followed them round the ^JE?'Jmfc__fl8_IfVSLVZZ
, . , or cringing attitude, that I may be
houses, noting anyone who attempted to aware that thou art scared to death,
break  the  agreement  to  refrain   from j     6.    Thou shalt look not upon thy
paying.    'What are you going to pay,"   _/J_te*\whe_\��-\'*!uty ^
asked  the  collectors.    'The  old   rent,'
came the invariable reply."
SPRINGFIELD. III. ��� The Illinois
mine workers have purchased a fine
six-storey building in the centre of the
city, which will be used as their headquarters. The purchase price is announced as $275,000.
In some cases, holders of wools and  murmureth or curseth not, lest thou
hides  in   Australia  are  burning them influence    unfavorably   those   who
rather than send them to markets because of low prices.   This is being car-
"The   biggest   crowd   of   people  that
ever congregated at St. George's Island
lay  at one time." is what is said about the
lead   to   disinheritedness   and   time-   Labor Day picnic held under the aus-
killing. I pices of thc Calgary Trades and Labor
7. Thou ahalt craveth not for the  Council.
appearance   of   payday   or   bemoan j
diminishing   compensation,   but   be i
glad thou hast a job. A thirty per cent increase in present
8. Thou shalt sulketh, grumblest,   salaries was demanded by the Federated
ried out to try and keep up prices. Up
till a year ago the workers were asked
to speed up and increase production.
They have done so.   But instead of thc
worketh beside thee and disturbeth
the complacency of those in authority over thee.
9. Thou shalt have no other eminent terrestrial denizen before me.
Thy conscious, subconscious and sup-
erconscioua mind shall be on me, for
I thy boss am a jealous boss and will
low prices promised by the employers,  tolerate no competition.
they now find the latter resorting to
sabotage to prevent a return to the low
prices of pre-war days.
Tlie number of unemployed is decreasing in the bin industrial centres of
the United SuWsAaceording to a survey
conducted by the United Press. No
attempt was made to get accurate reports on the industries affected by the
industrial crisis. Estimates from managers of employment bureaus and chambers of commerce arc the bases of the
following dispatches:
10.   Thou shalt indulge in no empyreal   meditation,   nor  shalt  thou
overload  thy individuality, lest thy
wisdom equalleth or exceedeth mine.
���William H. Dunn.
Association of Letter Carriers at their
convention held in Montreal. An alternative motion for a straight salary' of
$1,860 without bonus was defeated.
The Children's Bureau of the U.S.,
has published statistics showing that
poverty is responsible for the deaths of
300.000 children in that country every
year. Obviously there is but one way
to reduce this gruesome toll, and that
is to reduce poverty.
WASHINGTON.-Wage reductions
averaging about 15 per cent and affecting about 68,000 civil employees of the
Navy Department ordered by Secretary
of the Navy Denby. The order affects
all the civilian employees in navy yards
throughout the country.
SAN FRANCISCO.-A local police
judge who on almost the same day sent
a man to jail for six months for stealing
an overcoat out of an automobile on a
cold night, fined a sausage company,
which bad been complained ot* by the
board of health, tbe sum of $50 for
: of tubercular meat
When you're  fcelin' sort o'  fussy,'
Ah' the world don't seem just right.
You're all het up, disgusted.
With   this   "Open   Shop"   grim  fight.
An' yon wonder why .your fellow man
Can't sec through their little caper.
Just tighten up your belt, "Old Top,"
Get a subscription for .your paper.
1     '
When you hear some merchant spoutin'
'Bout tht; Rood old Open shop
Cut him off your tradin' list.
He will change his tune, kerflop!
That old dollar, of the Union Man
1-ooks good in his money till.
We can lick these "Open Shoppers"
If we only have the will.
When you're- rcadin' in the papers
Labor's, so called, great defeat,
Things lookin' sort o' gloomy
An' you're fcelin' like retreat.
Put on your thinkin' cap a moment,'
That news dope is most bunk;
To defeat "Organized Labor"
They have bit off quite a chunk
Just remember that old savin':
"Truth and Justice always win."
This smoke screen against labor
Is agettin' mighty thin.
Gather, all the stray sheep in the fold-
It's your duty���Don't be discreet.
Put on your fightin' clothes "Old Top,"
j    Get subscriptions for your sheet
The fseest government cannot long
endure when the tendency of the law
is to create- a rapid accumulation of
property in the hands of a few, and to
render lhe masses poor and dependant.
���Daniel Webster.
A canvass of Winnipeg apartment
blocks reveals thc fact that only in the
very cheapest and most dilapidated,
with few exceptions, arc children allowed by thc landlords. In a great many
more cases, one child is thc limit for
tenants. Citizens with two or more
youngsters as a result arc finding it a
serious problem to find winter quarters, in spite of their willingness to pay
exorbitant rental demands made.
Lenine says that "the collctive instinct of the peasants and workers has
never justified the hopes we placed in
it. and has completely failed." Too
much idealism, far too much dogma and
blind and cruel fanatism upon the part
of the communists has apparently
wrecked the soviet state, but upon the
ruins will, in all probability, be built a
truly democratic workers' and peasants'
CHESTER, Pa.-Reinstatemcnt of
the 1,800 boilermakers who have been
on strike at the Merchants' Shipyard
here since August 4th began again, following a settlement of the strike, which
resulted in a complete victory for the
union. The employers withdrew their
demand for a classification of all em
ployees that would reduce wages in
many instances as much as 40 per cent.
We don't mind if you do become a
Your one best asset���an ad. in The
Dignified and Appropriate
That*s what our
customers get
Our customers will find our prices as
reasonable  as our product  is good.
Whether a big or little order���
We Guarantee Satisfaction
'"Why do you turn out for every' road
hog that comes along?" said the missus,
rather crossly. 'The right of way is
ours, isn't it?"
"Oh,    undoubtedly!"    answered    he.
calmlv.    "As  for our turning out, the
j ...
reason is plainly suggested irt this epitaph which appeared in a newspaper
"Here lies the body of William Jay,
Who died maintaining his right of way;
He was  right,  dead  right,  as he  sped
But  he's  just  as dead as if he'd been
"Do you believe in heredity. Xewpop?"
"I certainly  do.    Why,  for  instance,
is   my  six-month-old  always  trying to
get  his  toes   in  his  mouth  if  it  isn't!
because of his dad's constant struggle '
to   make   both   ends   meet ?"���Boston'
STOCKHOLM-Miss Kcrsten Hcs
selgren. for many years a Labor leader
in Sweden, has been elected at Gothen-
lierg. member of the first chamber of
the Swedish Parliament. Miss Hessel-
gren will lie the first woman to hold a
seat in this chamber.
President Johnston, of the Machinists,
; has announced the formation of a' corps
i of  "foreign trade  getters" which  will
j endeavor to persuade South American
i republics to follow the example of Mex-
j ico and dispose of machinery contracts
only to firms in the United States which
arc   recommended   by   the   Machinists'
union  as  being   friendly  to  organized
HAMMOND. Ind. ��� The Indiana
State Federation of Labor, at its convention- here, adopted a resolution calling on Congress to revoke the charter of
BRUSSELS, Belgium��� Last year the
Belgian Metal Workers' Federation paid
5,601.766 francs for benefits, divided as
follows:     Strike     benefits,     2J74.256
mm progress made in their 44-hour
movement, tbe International Printing
Pressmen and Assistants' union reports
several instances where locals have
raised wages and improved working
.   .      francs; unemplovment insurance. 1.156.-
the  American   Legion   in   view  ol   its, 353    fr__cs.    sjck    ,,__,.,;,_     UM7(i2
many attacks on organized labor, par- . francs; accident benefits, 4_6J��3 franrs,
ticularly liecause of the activity of its   A franc in normal times is 1��*.  cents.
members in assisting West Virginia coal   ?'*" ** ����*Pti��n of the miners, the ,
___-_, ��� .     , .   . federation is the largest trade union in i owners  will  no  longer  deal  with  the
operators to shoot down union miners.   Belgium. j union.
SEATTLE Wash.���Coal miners in
this state are the next to be attacked by
coal owners who would destroy trade
unionism in this industry. The significance of the present attack is apparent
when it is recalled that the Miners'
union is the backbone of the trade union
j movement in this state. Notices have
been posted on coal properties that the
The B. C. Labor
Official Paper, Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council
T\w wind must blow, anil
blow���if the craft would
Ko, and go.
Delivered One Year, $1.50
Devoted to the interests of the
International Trades Union
_ movement
Fill out
and mail-
Here's my $1.50; send
The B. C. Labor News
to me for one year
The B. C Labor News
Room 306, Labor Hall, 319 tender W.
Vancouver, B. C.


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