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The British Columbia Federationist Nov 9, 1912

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 fF^pi^W
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ijUSTl
HE BRITISH
.lUSTRIJtL UNITY: STRENGTH.
*r   '
MM STRUGGLE FOR SUPREMACY IN
VANCOUVER ISLAND COAL MINES
VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, NOVBllBERfl, 1912.
1 ■ '  -———~
NANAIMC.'Nov.,*—Situation unchanged In coal situation on the
Island.
The company is unable to find scabs
to work In the mines, and tbe Chinese,
who are working, are doing very little;
and the company has been unable to
Induoe them train leaving. Union
officials have hopes of being able to
call out the (ew who have gone to
work at an early date.
For a considerable time prior to the
stoppage of work at the Cumberland
and Ladysmlth mines, on Vancouver
Island, considerable friction bad been
engendered by tho treatment that was
being meted out to the employees, this
being intensified by the unreasonable
position taken,by the general manager
of the company, Mr. Coulson, When he
Insisted tbat no oommlttee from any
of the.mines would be met. by the
management to discuss any dispute or
difficulty between the company and
the employee), the breaking poln;
being reached on Sept. 16th, after attempts had been made by the representatives of District 28, United Mine
WorkerB of America, to take tip eases
arising out of open discrimination by
the company, one man being discharged and another being prevented
from starting to work after having receive* a promise of employment.
When an attempt was made/to have
the matter taken up by a committee
representing the employees, Mr. Lock-
hart, the superintendent, flatly refused
to meet them, and prior to this had
stated to one of the victims that they
did not want him around,'and that tt
was entirely unnecessary to give any
reason beyond that.
The only conclusion that can be arrived at In connection with the. matter
Is tbat the men have'been discriminated against by the company because
they did, In making the inspection ot
the mine at Ladysmlth, provided for
hy the Coal Mines Regulation Act, re-
port the true condition of affairs a*
discovered by themselves, stating In
effect that Quantities of gas had beer
found In several of the working places.
The Act referred tonrovldes that
these Inspections must be made, the
mine inspectors gofnff so far as to
state thst in the .event of the employees falling to appoint a committee
to make such Inspection, the inspector
would appoint the committee, and Is
purely a safety or protective provision,
when properly carried out.
When, however, men acting on such
committers are treated in the manner
that these men have been for reporting truthfully, and thereby carrying
out the purpose of the Act, we can
only consider that the company Is
trying to Intimidate the men Into attempting to cover up conditions that
. may st any time threaten the lives of
the men employed.'
Under such circumstances one can
not but think that this action borders
on criminality, and the Issues becomes
one not merely of the right of the
company to discharge without eause,
but the protection ot the lives of the
men in the mines.
Believing that such a condition of
affairs was one that should have tbe
attention of the Department of Mines,
Robt. Poster, district president, wrote
to the minister, and the following letter-copy from him Is a clear exposition
of what may be expected from that
source when ah appeal. Is made by the
workers of the province:
(Copy.)
Victoria, 24th Cept, 1913.
Robt. Foster, Esq.,
District President U.M.W. of A.,
Nanalmo, B.C.
Sir—I have the honor to acknow
ledge the receipt of your letter of thei >
list Inst, setting forth particulars of
the alleged discrimination by the Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir), Ltd.,
against certain employees acting on
the gas committee,   ...:' '-
In reply I beg teK&ranrm my tele-;
gram ot today as follows-:— ,-'.
• "Have   carefully  perused   your
letter Of the twenty-first Instant, and
fall to find grounds warranting an
enquiry under the Coal Mines Regulation Act.   Letter follows."
Departmental enquiries are governed
by Sections 48, 41, 60, 611 and M ef
the laid Aot, and la the absence of any
sceainc charge or complaint against
any person, or persons, affected by the
operation of the said Act, the Department cannot undertake proceedings.
I have the honor to be, sir,
Tour obedient servant .
1    (Syd.) RICHARD McBRIDE,
Minister of Mines.
That the miners involved In the
struggle should receive the wholehearted support of all workers.In the
province goes without question, and
The Federatlonist cannot but regret
the action of the executive ot the
British Columbia/Association of Stationary Engineers, if the following
letter, taken from the Dally Herald of
Nanalmo, Nov. 8, is correct:
"The following telegram aid letter
were received by .the local engineers
from their headquarters it Vancouver
and will explain the situation to the
Nanalmo Free Press, Robert Foster
and his friends.
(Copy of Telegram,)
Vancouver, Oct. 20th, 1912.
Jamea Whyte, Jr., Cumberland:-'
Executive met. Condemned action.
Cumberland members return to work
if possible, otherwise will supply engineers. ..'■■-
GEO. ABBOTT.
(Copy of letter that followed telegram.)
British Columbia Association of Stationary Engineers,
Vancouver, B.C., Oct. 20.
To James Whyte, Jr.,
Secretary Cumberland Lodge:—
Dear Sir and- Bro.—The executive
met tqday to consider the report ot
Bro.-Dunlop, who was sent over to
look Into tbe situation, and   regret
very much to say that the members
of the Cumberland Lodge were very
much Uladvlsed In participating In the
trouble between the miners and tho
Company.   By the members taking it
upon themselves to get mixed up in
the matter without even consulting
the executive .on a matter ot such
grave importance, the executive is not
in a position to support the members
of the Cumberland Lodge.   We advise
all those that can to return to work,
and In the place of those who cannot
we are sorry to say'we lee! obliged:to
sanction the right ot other members
of the association taking their places.
Yours fraternally,
The Executive of B.C.A.S.E.
Por 0. H. Anderson,
Grand Secretary."'
The foregoing Is  self-explanatory,
and lt may be said to the credit of the
men to whom It was addressed that
they have ignored its contents entirely.
The miners have the situation well
In hand, and hope, aa a result of the
changes being now made ln the management, to be able to effect a satisfactory settlement In the near future.
Tomorrow evening the 8. D. P. will
hold a mass meeting at Labor Temple.
The speaker is J. Mordon; subject:
"Socialism the only way." Everybody
invited. .'•
"», uprMrsur :
Vaaenver Holder, .vow a
Id International unlon-at
Bocheetsv Convention. '
Royal City Unionists Busy.
New Westminster Trades and Labor Council, With the active assistance
of others, has been instrumental ln
placing the names of over 1,000 householders upon the municipal voters' list
of the Royal City.
a\0.r.OtLlatamm»
BOA1B HMD UOtOTHT
MMIOK tilt BOMBAY
DM* of TMrd Asmal OoBvmtioa
■■" ax Victoria ftttd tot ' ...
Monday/, Ja«, 13.   ■
Bvery member Of the executive
board of the B. O. Federation of tabor
was present at the meeting held last
Sunday ln the Labor Temple at Vancouver, as follows: President, j. W.
Wilkinson, SecTreae. V. R. Mldgley,
Vice-Presidents Clem Stubbs, Fernle;
James Roberta, Moyte;.rJoe. Taylor,
Ladysmlth;." Christian Slvertx, Victoria; B. D. Grant, New Westminster;
J. H. McVety and R. *. Pettlplece,
Vancouver. ..'■'<■
The session lasted treat 9 am. te I
p.m., with only one short Intermission.
A long .1IM of items, referred to the
executive by the last convention, were
dealt with, and will be made a part of
the officers' reports, which will, at
next convention, be msde la printed
form during the first ally of the proceeding!, so that alT delegates. can
familiarise themselves with the contents.
The date of the next convention,
whloh will be for the third time held
at Victoria, has been tied tor Monday, January 13, the executive to con*
vene In the Capital Ofty oa January
loth.. . ;• ;.f • ...
Arrangements for the convention
have been allotted to Vice-President
'Slverti, Including provision for placing, a full report of the convention
proceedings In the hands, of the union
adjournment
world within forty-eight hours after
. Affiliated unions have been Instructed to make every effort to present evidence before the proposed provincial
royal commission to Inquire Into Indus-
LIGHTNING CHANGES PRE0PITATE8
AMONG CITY HALL INCUMBfUTS
"Strike." Called. Off.
The shingle mill owners of the Pacific Northwest have quite generally
called their "general, strike" off. The
prices of shingles have come back to
the desired point. The "strike" lasted
about four .weeks. The "strike" was
unattended by violence. No "shotgun
brigade" was organised. The militia
was not called out No soup houses
were established tor the "strikers.
Their families did not suffer-
Hoqulam Free Press.
"Homestesd" Farms in B.C.
The Dominion government I
agreed to transfer to the board of
commissioners of the Ohllllwack-
Sumas drainage and dyking districts
of British Columbia, 12,120 acres of
Dominion lands on the shore and in
the bed of Sumas Lake. This land,
which Is. now useless, Is to be reclaimed by the commissioners, together with some 20,000 adjoining acres
which are IA private hands. The land
-which belongs to .the Dominion will
become the property of the commissioners upon being reclaimed.
UNION MEETINOB
AT LABOB TEMPLE
FOR OOMnW WEEK
Sunday, Nov. lQHttatlonary
Engineers, 2:30 p. m.; stage employees.
Monday, Nov. 11—Amalgamated Carpenters (Aggregate meeting); Glass Worker*; Lathers,
Waitresses, Electrical Workers
No. 218, Teamsters, Brotherhood
of Carpenters, Amal. Engineers.
Tuesday, Nov. 12—Sign Painters, Shinglers, Pressmen, Amal.
Carpenters, Stone Cutters, Bricklayers.
' Wednesday, Nov,; 18—Stereotypers, Cement Workers, Marble
Cutters, Amal. Carpenters,
Street Ratlwaymeh, Plumbers,
Stationary Engineers,
Thursday, Nov. 14—Barbers,
Trades and Labor Council,
Horseshoers, Marble Cutters'
Helpers, Painters, Sheet Metal
Workers, Machinists.
Friday, Nov. 15—Upholsterers,
Parliamentary Committee, and
Cooks.    _ i
Saturday, Nbv. 18—Bakers. "
w. a. SAOWAXZ,        ..
■nstuas AfsM tot Tueoaver Brisk.
layers' ausl Itwu' train, with m—t
quarters al Laker Teasel*.
trial conditions throughout the province.
The offer of Vancouver Trades and
Labor Council to divide the ownership
of the B. C. Federationist, Ltd., was
provisionally accepted and will be
passed up to the convention for ratifi-
'cation.
Every union in British Columbia
wilt be circularised asking for assist
ance for the locked-out coal mlnen at
Ladysmlth and Cumberland.
A number of other matters were up
for discussion and wtll become the
subject of officers' reports.
Most of the members of the board
left for their respective homes on Monday, though Vice-President Stubbs,
who Is aso President of District 18 of
tbe United Mine WorkerB, took advantage of the occasion to visit the officers of District 28 at Nanalmo.
Bricklayer's Smoke
Vancouver branch of the Bricklayers
and Masons pulled   off  a   successful
smoker at Labor Temple last evening.
Nanalmo Socialists
Nanalmo socialists have decided to
take a hand in the coming municipal
campaign, for the first' time. It seems
to be causing considerable uneasiness
In the mind of the fake labor paper
published there under the auspice*" ot
the Conservative party.
"Invietus
Shoes"
for men-are
leather all
through
SOME makers of oheap shoes claim that they use
oak tanned leather for the soles. If they do it's
oertainly different from the oak tanned sole used
in Invietus Shoes, Did you erere xamine the sole of
cheap shoes? If you did, the color was apparently all
right. But did you notice the texture of the leather?
Did you observe'what a coarse, spongy, and porous
appearance the leather had? Compare it with the sole
leather used in Inviotus Shoes. The spies of Inviotus
Shojps are made of genuine oak tanned solid leather.
There's no better grade made—a fine-grained flexible
leather. It's really so fine and tough that you wonder
how the soles ever wear out.   We have your size in
Invietus Shoes at, per pair
FOR SALE AT THE
Hudson's Bay Stores
OOBNEE OF OBANVULB ANlJ OIOBOIA
B.C. Federation of Labor Executive Board, 1912-13
from left to
r,*. -
> right—J. B. MoVety, a. T. Fttttplm, Olsm Stubbs,;
•Ddflsy, JM. Behests, ttoriej Iss. Taylor, lavsyamtth
rents: *. W.
—Photo by W. Stollenweek.
• Handing out to Us particular favorite newspaper scribe, tbe delightful
piece of Action that lnandal reasons
compel turn to refrain from seeking reelection, Mayor Flndlay has deaaltely
announced that he will aot ran la
mayoral candidate neat January.
Financial .reason! may ta a very
plausible excuse to gull the public
with, but It may be that his worship
has heard the ominous growling of the
approaching storm, aad feart that the
wheels of the machine are aot nicely
-oiled to permit of them taking on a
smooth motion for hli especial benefit
once more. .   .
The Bowser-Flndlsy squsbbls mire Is
having speedy results,
Financial reasons! Well, It Mayor
Findlay's personal finances are ho
stronger than the Intellect aad ability
he has displayed during hla occupancy
ot the high position, he merits the
commiseration ol every hardworking
wage earner In the city, for he Is poor
Indeed.
It may be he does not see the fun of
tutting up the cost of being defeated.
Yet, in lack of a better man lt did
seem almost ae well "to endure the
Ills we have, than Ogr to others we
know not of."
The only other one at tbat time wai
Alderman Ramsay, who haa been aa
precise aad nicely timed tn his swinging during the year as the" pendulum
of the punch clock, which la his pet
hobby, and the abomination of all decent conscientious workers.
But to face Alderman Ramsey there
is Just now Alderman Baiter, wheee
record In thli year's councO and during the other four years he was a
member Is aa meritorious as that of
any ot the beet How he would act
as mayor cannot be well foretold,
easily better than the retiring official,
anyway.
Just why the olty council should
have turned down, without even paying the members the compliment of
considering It, the report of the
Greater Vancouver Transportation
Committee's report on an agreement
for a consolidation ot the B. C. Electric Company's franchise we do not
pretend to know, but certainly there
was nothing In It which would have
In any way benefitted the working men.
Rather the reverse, In fact, for there
would have been a danger of the tic.
ket system being eliminated In the
course of time. When one has to
travel in the cars regularly twice a
day, even the little saving effected by
purchasing tickets amounts In the
course of a year to a fairly considerable amount To have lost this would
have been working a hardship on
those who could not very well help
themselves,
On the other hand, lt some practical
proposition can be advance* whereby
this great public utility can be acquired by the city on advantageous
terms, It ought to be carefully considered.
Try again, Alderman Cameron;
there will not be so much danger of
you being mayoralty brow-beaten next
year as you have been this, In company with a few others.
I Adopting the report of the fire and
[police committee at Monday night's
i meeting, the council awarded the or
| namental lighting contract to the com
,pany which was said to be a Seattle
; firm, but which has offices In Vancouver, which has had offices here for
three years, and which had previously
done work for the city.
So much for the knowedge wblch
the average alderman possesses of the
details of city work.
Sublime, Isn't lt?
But why was the Electric WorkerB'
letter not acted upon?
That's another question?
What does the council care whether
the work Is done by alien labor or
local men, so long as it Is done?
Tho letter has been Died doubtless;
but oh! the pity of that word "Hied."
Oblivion, rather; ■ that's where It is
now.
Aderman Ramsay trotted out his
"free empoyment bureau" Idea at the
last meeting of the council, and the
council relegated It to the board of
works, and the board of works do not,
seemingly, want any of the responsibility, so they referred It to the Mayor
and the acting chairman of the committee, Aid. iihlte.  -
What those two will do, the Lord
only knows, and the chances are that
He won't tell.
80 the poor chaps will hare to possess their souls In patience until the
mayoral mind Is made up.
But If we are to have a free employ.
meat' bureau tot the dty sejtlsls see:
to It that their various luartmsati i
do net give It the ooM shoelder aa
they did last winter, la emptoynwat
bureau Is aa lastttvtloa for aattaa
work, for those who need food fey
themselves and their families aad aet
for paying ot small personal sattea
end Jealousies.
LABOE ooMMnntnf
MDTOjUtIUIiT
HAMMBYFljram
B. C.TtAmtiMt*^ote*pst*eA
and Pataooaal Bsmrea Only
Mtaorttylajxirt
In unofficial rumor about tabor circles has It that the: provincial royal
commission, appointed by the McBride
government to inquire Into Industrial '
aad labor coodlttoojs throughout the
province, will consist of Messrs, Persons, Jardlne, Hawthornthwalte aad
McNamara.
Mr. Parsons is a defeated Conservative candidate In East tuxttenay,
slated for the position ot ntnlrmsa
! Mr. Jardlne is a political jumpbag
Jack, hailing from Esquimau; also a
defeated turnboat Conservative at tost
election.
Mr. Hawthornthwalte Is too busy to
require amusement
1 And for all The Fedemtloaut kaowe
MT. McNamara, who to scheduled for
the, position ot secretary, to oat oa
Meantime, however, the B. C. Federation of Labor, vAkh was promised
a commission aid repreeeatatioo haa
not even been advtaid la the premises. ' «y-<? ,
Whatever may be tha outcome of
the Investigation to be made by tha
Commission appointed to eonsider the
demands of tha wage workera for leg-
Illation, lt can be readily eonjecoired
by looking at the personnel of the
commission that McBride has provided for contingencies ln the proper wsty.
I.e., before they happen. This Is, of
course, a po-oy that'could well he
followed by the members of the working class were .ey themselves la tha
posmon that the masters of Industry
hsd to appeal to them for legtolatloa.
They would not hope, however, to
more than Imitate the poUoy of procrastination so consistently followed
by the Government ln each matters.
The appointment of the ceaauasioa
of Investigation Is tbe outcome
of a statement by the Premier that It
was necessary to/ Ond out what the
wsge-workers of the Province required
as the Government had no knowledge
and It can be presumed tbat this Included all workere of the Government
know, else what reason oaa ha give
for the lack of consideration given the
representatives of the B. C. Federation of Labor, through Its elected representatives?
Brotherhood of 'Carpenters.
Just a word to the members who
are too often conspicuous by their absence from the meetings of tbe union:
Tou are paying the same amount In
dues and receiving the same benefits
as those who do attend, but you are
not doing- your full duty to yourself
and to the local by absenting yourself
from the meetings. Remember we
are all carpenters, striving for better
working and living conditions for ourselves and those dependent upon us,
and the meetings of the - union Is
where we decide what shall be the
policy of the organisation. Those who
do attend the meetings can not speak
or vote for you as you can do yourself.
If you attend the meetings will be
better than It Is ln your absence. If
you stay away, you are depriving tbe
organization of your personal Influence, which may be of the greatest
benefit for all. The members who do
not attend the meetings are a whole
lot like the fellow who, as a boy, was
on the Job at Sunday school Just before Christmas. I sometimes wonder
If those who hold aloof from the union
of their craft ever realize that those
Who are members of the unions are
making the conditions tbat surround
them as workmen and paying freight
to boot. O, W. W.
International Stationary Engineers
Local 279 of, the International Stationary Engineers will hold- a special
meeting ln Room 204, Labor Temple,
tomorrow, afternoon at 2:30 o'clock.
The membership. Is growing at every
meeting.
FBOOBESS OF BRIDGE
AND STRUCTURAL IRON
WORKERS' UNION HEBE
Organiser Blow Leave* for Winnipeg After Doing Effective Union
Work in Vancouver
W. H. Blow, International organiser
for the Bridge and Structural Iron
Workers' Union, with headquarters at
Winnipeg, left Vancouver this week
for Calgary, Edmonton, Medicine Hat,
Battleford, and other Industrial centres en route to Winnipeg.
During Org. Blow's sojourn In Vancouver he has been successful In
squaring away every contractor doing
structural Iron work In the city, Including the new Orpheum theatre Job.
Among the union jobs now in sight
are the new C. P. R. depot two new
viaducts ln connection with Its construction; the Second Narrows bridge,
the new C. P. R. shops at Coquitlam,
a new bridge across Pitt river, and
several other prospectlves.
At present there are some 70 union
men engaged steadily, but with the
additional new work the membership
of the union will shortly reach the 300
mark.
The Structural Iron Workers have
the situation well In hand throughout
Western Canada, numbering among
the best organised In the International
trade union movement
Org. Blow expects to reach Winnipeg ln time to spend Christmas at
home.
LEADS LIFE OF SHAME
TO GET POOD FOR BABIES.
Pleading that she was forced Into a
life of shame by tbe crying of two
small fatherless children for food, Mrs.
Loplse Smith, 30 years old, 1656 West
North Avenue, moved Municipal Judge
Going to discharge her when she was
arraigned before him at the South
Clark Street Court yesterday morning.
Mrs. Smith was arrested Thursday
evening at East Congress Street ana
South Wabash Avenue, after she bad
approached a number of men.
There is no necessity to make any
comment on the above clipping, which
the Banner has scissored out of a Chicago newspaper. It's only one little
Incident out of thousands that occur
every day of the year ln the great
cities of the land. We talk of the iniquity of white slavery, and crusades
are being organized to combat It, but
all start at the wrong end.
The only way in which womanhood
can be beautified and Innocence protected Is by eradicating entirely the
system that brutalizes humanity. The
trusts and combines are daily and unnecessarily forcing up the cost of living, and driving thousands of their
victims upon the streets and Into the
brothels. Whst is needed Ib not so
much to send missionaries to the so-
called heathen, who are more moral
than we, but to concentrate our efforts
on the criminals, the barbarians at
home who by legal methods are debauching the homes and morals of the
poor.—Industrial Banner.
The Painters Will Meet Agsln.
Every painter In Vancouver must
be numbered among the organised
workmen, to the slogan of the Painters' Union, and at the "get together"
meetings that have been held lately
by the union Painters. This view of
the situation has been taken by members ot the organisation with a vim.
"BUI" Nagle, business agent for the
Painters, believes that the Union
will have a hundred per cent organization tn Vancouver before many
months roll hy.
Thursday evening, Nor. 14, another
meeting will be held in the Labor
Temple, at which every painter In the
city Is asked to be present. The
'stay-at-homes" are especially invited
to be present and familiarise themselves with some of the Industrial
changes that have taken place ln their
union since last they paid the local a
visit. Leading speakers ln the organization will discuss betterment of
trade conditions. "Smokes" will be
provided, and a nominal charge of two
bits will be made for admission, to
cover expenses.
Brotherhood of Carpenters
Members of Local 617, U. B. of C.
and J., and their friends, enjoyed a
social dance and "get together" on
Thursday evening at Labor Temple.
The women were out In force and contributed largely towards the success of
the gathering. Early In the evening
R. P. Pettipiece and Miss Brennan
briefly addressed the meeting.
Don't waste your money buying cheap ovoralls! It doesn't pay.'
never did and never will. Client) overalls nre made from tllmsy. weak
materials, anil quickly wear out. They are sewed so poorly with such
IlKlit thread that the seams rip and the overalls soon fall apart The
buttons come off, the pockets tear, and besides, they never (It properly.
Do you wonder, then, why you must continually buy new overalls?
That's the reason you spend more money than you should when wearing cheap overalls.   But wear the
tluit cost but a few cents more than the cheap kind and you will quickly
vhy It Is cheaper and better to spend a little more at the start and
get THB.BE8T,;
see why It Is cheaper and 1
'.'   -K BEST. >
BUCK BRAND Overalls stand all kinds of wear snd tear—they
are made from the strongest and most durable materials, sewed ae
Hecurely with such heavy thread the seams can't rip, nor will the
buttons come off. These are the kind of overalls TOU should wear.
They wear twice as long as the chesp Imitation kind, and the less new
overalls you must buy, the more money you save. Try a pair of BUCK
BRAND and see It this Is not true. Every pair Is gaataatssa to sat*
Isfy you.
train maeel Hade la Tsaooaver.
Ask your Sealer (er them.
Wm. J. McMaster & Sons, Limited
1176 HOMER ST.
VANCOUVER, B. C
,& J*AOB TWd
*THE BRITISH CQtttkj3IA -FEDERATIONIST
SATURDAY'...,;:.,....NOVBMBER9,l»lz
«**
flm Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED 1869
Paid-up Capital,    $ 11,500.000
Reserve 12,500.000
Total Awet. 175.000,000
WE ALLOW INTEREST ON DEPOSITS IN OUR
SAVINGS
DEPARTMENT
One Dollar'will open
the account, and your
business will be welcome
be it large or small
Twelve Branches  in   Vancouver
THE B. C. FEDERATIONIST
Published weekly by The B. C. Federationist, Ltd., owned Jointly by Vancouver Trades and Labor Council and
the B. C. Federation of Labor, with
which is affiliated 16,000 organized waae-
workers.  ■      ...■-,,-,,-,■-,,-
Issued every Saturday morning.
Managing laltor: B. Parmattr Patttplte*
Office:   Boom 820, Labor Temple
Tel. Bey. 3690.
Subscription:    11.00 per year;  In  Vancouver City,  $1.26;   to  unions sub-
'   scribing in a body, 75 cento.	
YEARLY  ADVERTISING  RATES:
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Correspondence from unions and unionists  Invited.
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WHEN ORDERING A SUIT
See that this Label ia Sewed
in the Pockets
*J It Standi (or all that Union
Labor Standi (or.
"Unity of labor; the hope at the world.1
M     WATCH THE LABEL ON  YOUIi
PAPER.    If this number Is on It
your subscription expires next Issue.
SATURDAY NOVEMBER 9,1912
ganlzatlon of the fund. What Is done
irtth the employee who quits or gets
canned is not stated. But lt loose; on
tbe face of lt, like a good cheap plan
to make the municipal employees pay
their own sick and funeral expenses,
whether they like It or not,, all of
which will be appreciated by the tax
payers, who ordinarily have to pot-
lach enough to take care of such unfortunates, it' also chloroforms- the
workers in the matter of organising
for the purpose of securing enough
wages, while they work, to meet such
exigencies when' occasion demands it.
Coined Into Profit.
"Every seven minutes some one is
killed or injured on the railroads of
the United States. Every day. the
total is 181. Every year for the last
twenty-four the number has been 65,-
985. To be more precise, in that
period there have been 188.037 persons killed and 1,395,818 injured.
Think of the total that makes—
1,583,666!"
SPECIALISTS IN
PRINTING
Cowan & Brookhouse
Labor Temple Phons Bev 4490
gSHATS
Velours and Felts of all colors
CAPS and
GLOVES
—AT—
PERIARDS
135 Hastings Street E.
You can only be robbed at the point
of production, not as a consumer—J.
McM.
You can get 115 a month for killing
human beings In the army. You can
get |3 a day for killing hogs. Soldiers,
why scab on the butchers?—W. A.
Thome.
The remnants of the 'Liberal party
in Vancouver have decided to hold a
few resusitatlon or, more properly
speaking, resurrection meetings, under the tutorship of such well known
nasbeens as Ralph Smith and F, C.
Wade. It has been raining here ever
since the announcement.
The capitalists who own the can-
nerles on the Pacific coast have done
away with white labor and supplanted
the American citizen with the Chink
and Jap. This action on the part of
the owners of the canneries should
increase the temperature of the patriot
who sings "My Country, 'TIs of Thee."
—Miners' Magazine. /
"The women workers in the organized trades arc on the same basis aB
the men. They get the same pay.
They have an equal vote In the union.
They are eligible to the lowest and
the highest offices In their organization. No bar whatever has been placed
against them. The same reason that
demands that the women workers
should have a vote In the affairs of the
union demands that on the political
Held they should have the same
rights."
Having to confess to Irish extraction, we may be permitted ta answer
a question by asking one: Will Mr.
Landers "Just tell the court" how tt
was he didn't catch a place on the recent federal royal commission to Inquire into Industrial training and
technical education, after his endeavor
to oust the nominee of the Congress,
though he pulled every political string
there was ln Ottawa to secure it?
Honest Injun, Samuel, tell ub about lt,
The Hamilton Labor Snooze, to hand
this week, carries two blank pages.
It eloquently represents what the
Snooze editor and his government job
Beeklng friends have done for the
Labor movement during the years
they were tolerated by the membership. The other six pages consis tof
write-ups of Mutt and Jeff, Hon. T. W.
Crothers, Hon. Robert Rogers, Hon.
George Halsey Perry, Sir Frederick
Borden; and other well known celebrities In whom Mr. anders appears quite
interested, "for revenue only," as
Laurler would say.
Truly Vancouver Is rapidly becoming a great city. On tbe reverse side
of the dollar mark such pathetic incidents as these are now a part of the
contents of the city press: " . . She
was unable to obtain employment
sufficient to provide properly for her
baby and self, and resorted to stealing, hoping ln future to make restitution for the stolen articles. She was
caught, however, before she had an
opporunity to right her wrong. The
goods have all been returned to their
owners."
There are at present 796 inmates
of the Public Hospital for the Insane
at New Westminster. Of these 667 are
males, 229 females. Twenty-five new
patients were admitted, according to
Medical Superintendent Doherty,
during the month of October. A remarkable percentage of male unfortunates were contributed by the timber
Industry of the province, due to economic causes known-only to those familiar with the working conditions in
that Industry; one of the most damning Indictments which could be placed
at the door of those responsible.
The editor of the Hamilton tabor
News is peeved. The tremendous
growth and development o fthe Trades
nnd tabor Congress of Canada, under
the guiding hand of lta present administration, does not appear to be any
muse for greeting and satisfaction.
Mke ell growing organizations, the
"onaTHBs has now more revenue than
luring the days of tbe old guard,
i»nce has more funds to expend in
the extension of the organized Labor
•I'ovcment. If tho increased membership of the Congress has seen fit to
dace its treasury and confidence In
'hn present officers, surely The Federa-
lonist is not to ba given the credit for
the transformation. Such flattery is
undeserved.
Purnaby municipality has been ex-
perlmentlng with a miniature "pen-
3lon" scheme, in the form of an
"Employees' Benefit Fund." to which
all employees are compelled to con-
'rlbute four cents per day, "which Ib
paid into the treasury only to be used
when sickness or accident overcomes
any of the members." To date
$2,906 bas teen paid in ln all, of which
S82o has been paid out since the or-
Capital's Toll In Canada. .
According to the record of Industrial accidents maintained by the
Federal "Department of Labor, that for
the month of September shows there
to have been 89 workmen killed and
419 Injured, a total of 508. Compared
with the record for August, this Is an
increase ot one fatal and 114 nonfatal. The trades and induBtajes in
which the greatest number of accidents occurred were: Steam railway
service, ln which there were 28 fetal
and 123 non-fatal; metal trades, with
3 killed and 72 injured; mining, with
10 killed and 72 Injured; and the
building trades, with 10 killed and 33
Injured.
Food For Thought.
"If, as Herbert Spencer forsees,
"the socialist Btate be Inevitable, lt is
time we revised or morals. . . .
the sex impulse is not immoral. A
very ancient prejudice, inspired by the
priests, and countenanced by law and
convention in a thousand ways assumes
that it is. The.eex Impulse is moral,
being no other than the glowing spirit
of life. Evasions and perversions of
tt, Including religious ones, are immoral without exception, and the fruitful causes of immorality. We need a
revolution ln morals. .'■ • The;- sex
impulse is a danger to society when
mistrusted. It shonld be the chief
strength and benign reagent of society.
.'. I believe In the young, and I
believe In love. Olve these instincts
way, foster them, interpret them, and
let them guide us. They are our
apocalypse, outliving all the wisdom of
the acients."' 'These excerpts from
"Bright Shame," by Keighley Snow-
den, describe the earnest underlying
purpose of Mr. Snowden's latest novel,
and one that should be read-by every
student of socialism.
THt ADVANTAGES
OF LABOR TEMPLE8.
©tttkum
THEATRE
The Home of High-Clan
VAUDEVILLE
Where Everybody Goes
The Lumber Industry.
The lumber Industry employs, according to reliable estimates, 860,000
men, besides all those who are Working at the distributing ends—in retail
yards and the like. This means that
the lumber industry .employs more
than any other industry in the country,
except agriculture.
Many men have got rich in the lumber business, but not'working in the
productive department. No, indeed!
But in the barter and Bale o'f the pro*
ducts of labor, and In the benefits
which come to the chosen few by reason of a high protective tariff. It Is
one of the notable things in connection with the lumber industry—the immense fortunes that have come to
those who are engaged In It.
Practically none of this vast army
of wage workers who get their living
In the mills and camps of the lumber
producing sections of the country are
organized. The shingle weaving branch
represents,, outside of a small section
ot the South, all the organization
there Is ln the lumber industry. Considering the aggressiveness of the average logger and the Intelligence of
the average saw mill worker, Is this
not a notable thing? '
The steel workerB who are recruited
from the most Ignorant olass to be
found in Southern Europe are. being
aroused to the need of organization,
and more than this, they are organizing. Surely, with this example before them, the loggers and the saw
mill workers are not going longer to
pit their puny individual efforts
against the merciless greed of the
lumber barons? Without organization
they can do no more than the steel
workers. With organisation they can
do much more, because the lumber industry is not so trustified as is the
steel Industry.—Shingle Weaver.
JAEGER
UNDERWEAR
If you want to enjoy all the comforts and advantages of pure wool
underwear, you can make no mistake in buying; Jaeger Brand.
T. B. Cuthbertson
& COMPANY, LIMITED
345 Hastings W.   630 Oranvllle
«1t Hastings W.
The Profit of the Mines
Editor B. C. Federatlonist: If the
cold weather had begun early and the
weather severe, the people of this
country would be facing a down-right
calamity. There Ib now a shortage of
coal In the city as well as all over the
country, and the coal dealer can nowhere make prompt deliveries. We>
have the biggest and richest coal fields
on the faqe of the earth, and upon the
strength of them our magnates Issued
more seeurltles than any other govern*
ment would permit them to do.
For weeks and weeks the mine
workers' leaders have dickered with
the representatives of the coal magnates. Finally the workers were locked
out. ,
At present, ln the fnce. of a veritable
coal famine, coal mining Is almost at
a standstill on Vancouver Island. The
mini ra rebelled arnlnst a fearful system of exploitation. They . are ex-
plotted as workers, for their pay is
fixed quite arbitrarily, and they are
at the mercy of the mine owners' officials. The miners live in shacks
owned by the coal company and they
-ire compelled to purchase everything
they need from their .masters at ex-
"rbitmit prices. The loss of lite and
limb In the mining Industry is entirely
out of proportion as compared with
Eurormnn countries where the governments are not so completely under the
thumb of the capitalist class.
Coal, is more easily mined in our
country, yet In Bpite of this fact the
cost of human lives Is far greater with
us than in any other land. In view of
these oft-told facts lt Is useless to pity
those who bear the financial burden
of our Industrial struggles,
For an Imaginary opportunity the
electorate gave away not only the coal
mines, but everything elee) In sight.
No ono can blame the local dealers.
They make ell thoy can get as a matter of course, but they get only what
the.coal owners will let them get. But
what does this amount to when compared with the millions paid ln dividends and "melons" to the operators
and transportation companies? While
we "holler" we might as well "holler"
for the whole object instead of for a
fraction of It!
Gel the mines and the railroads and
the nation will have the best of fuel
at the. cost of production. For coal
will then be produced for use and not
In order to bring dividends and "mel-
lons" for a few "patriots." O.S.
By JAS. H. McVETY.
in looking over the roster of an international organization with over
nine hundred locals ln Canada, United
States, and Canal' zone, 1 was surprised to note the varied classes of
buildings ln' which they hold their
meetings.
Only fifteen per cent, of the locals
meet in halls owned or controlled by
organized labor, or even rented by a
sufficient number of labor unions to
warrant having them designated as
labor halls. The other eighty-five per
cent, meet in privately owned halls/
principally those owned by fraternal
organizations^ /■    . -j
In Chicago the organization referred
to has eighteen locals, and every one
meets in a different hall, and not one
in a hall designed In a way that would
Indicate that labor organizations had
anything whatever to do with it. And
Chicago Is typical of many of the larger cities on the continent.
Of course, in the larger cities the
lack of a headquarters Is partially
met by the larger organizations maintaining an office for their business
agents, but these offices are rarely
found In the same district or In the
same building.
As a result the members of the different organisations never meet, even
In a casual way, except on the Jobs,
and the movement is kept in a turmoil over jurisdictional disputes, fostered by International and district officers—disputes that are without merit
and that would be speedily settled by
the members themselves if they were
in a position to fraternize during per
lods of idleness.
And what about the non-unionists
and that vast army of unemployed casual labor which lt Is impossible to deal
with in a group, but which forms a
constant menace to existing wage
scales and working conditions? Without a place to secure accurate information, they drift to the saloons and
employment sharks, and are systematically defrauded  and robbed.
The advantages of a labor temple
are many, although few of the workers fully appreciate them because they
have not found It necessary to take
full advantage of them. All of the
different trades meeting In one building—all the paid officers located under one roof, ln premises where they
cannot be summarily dispossessed of
a meeting place if they do not conform
to the wishes of the employers. And
the accommodation is better and
cheaper than, can be procured from
private hall owners.
But it 1s to the stranger that the
labor temple is particularly valuable.
Take the case of a union carpenter:
a stranger, and possibly in a different
country to where he belonged. On
his arrival he checks whatever hand
baggage he may have, and leaves his
tool box In the possession of the transportation company until he gets located. After asking about 40 policemen
where the Labor Temple Is located, he
finds one that has sufficient knowledge
and Intelligence to properly direct
him. If he Is from the British Isles,
the "Manglemated" usually catcfees
htm, while if from the south of the
Boundary he Is usually affiliated with
the "Brotherhood." In either case his
card makes- his welcome complete,
and the secretary or business agent
tells him where to locate a decent
rooming-house—advise him briefly as
to local conditions and. introduce him
to whatever members may be in the
office at the time. His attention Is
drawn to the room in the basement,
where his tools can be stored without
charge, and where he can file his saws
or do the dozen other odd jobs required to keep the most expensive set
of tools required by any mechanic In
first class order. Meantime, the agent
has located a job, and as soon as he Is
ready for work—and that is not usually long—he knows local conditions,
some of the members, the phone number ot the office and a lot ot other Information that assists him materially
In getting a fair start.
Suppose that he has been Injured
while travelling or after his arrival.
Here the secretary or agent again
comes to the front—sizes up his case,
according to the laws ot the country,
submits the matter to others who may
have had more experience ln that par
titular line, and finally, If redress is
to be had at law, he recommends a
tested lawyer and assists the legal
mechanic ln getting the facts proper-
ly set out—something 'that Is Imperative, because litigation is always expensive for the loser.
j On wet days, or when out of employment, Instead of sitting in a small,
cold, dismal room, or filling up on
"squirrel" whisky, he can go to the
Temple and read, play pool or billiards, or Indulge ln a game ot cards—
for fun—gambling being strictly for-
bidden. In every portion of the building he feels a sense of proprietorship,
for If he Is personally not a shareholder, his organization Is, and that entitles him to all the privileges—subject, of course, to good behaviour. If
he Is of an observing disposition he
notes the warmth, cleanliness, and
ventilation, and compares the result of
collective effort with tbe conditions existing In some of the privately owned
meeting places he has been In during
his travels in search of the elusive
Job.
Where unions have not sufficient
numerical strength to employ an agent
the secretary of the Trades and Labor
Council and the building Manager endeavor to do whatever Is necessary to
put the applicant in possession of Information that will get him in touch
with members of his craft. Where
the member is injured, or has wages
to collect, he receives the same consideration as if his organization maintained a paid officer.
The same treatment Is extended to
'the non-unionist—tho prospective unionist ot tomorrow. The same men
who deal with the membership for the
smaller unions listen to the troubles
of the non-unionist—asslBt him to.collect his wages—advise as to- the
chances,of securing damages for in-
Juries- -direct him. to the secretary ol
tbe organization to which he should
belong—If there Is one ln existence-
tell him where he is likely to secure
employment—where strikes are In
progress or contemplated, and anything else that will cause him to remember his duty to his fellow workers, both on the Industrial as well as
tbe political field.
Few Indeed are those who have any
conception of the tales of misery and
robbery told to labor temple officers
every day, and the most pitiful part Is
the fact that the major part of the unfortunates admit that tbey cast their
last vole for some member of the
capitalist class.
While the ndvnntages mentioned are
typical of many labor temples throughout the country, actually they are
those lesultlng from the completion of
labor's new home In the city of Vancouver, where the workers are making
Bn earnest effort to make the word
"HOME" mean all- it implies.
qsn  m
UN I ON DIRECTORY
Cards inserted for $1.00 a Month.
B. C. FEDERATION OF' LABOB—
Meeta ln annual convention tn Jan-
nary. Exeoutlvs officers, 1912-13: Presldsnt, J. W. Wilkinson; vice-presidents,
Clem Stubbs. B. D. Orant, J. H. McVety,
B. P. PettiplsM, J. Roberts, Culverts,
I. 3. Taylor: sec-treas., V. R. Mldgley,
Box 10K Vancouver.
TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL—
Meets flrst and third Thursdays.
Executive board: J. Kavanagh, president:
John McMillan, vice-president; 3., W.
Wilkinson, secretary; Jas.' Campbell,
treasurer; A. Beasley, statistician; J. H,
JJcVety. se«t.-at-srms; F. A Hoover,
W. J. Pipes. J, w. Wilkinson, trustees.
ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL
—Meets second Monday In month.,
President, E. Jarman; vice-president,
George Mows t; secretary, A H. England.
P. O. Box M.
LABOR  TEMPLE  COMPANY,  LTD.—
Directors:    Fred A. Hoover, 3, ft
""""   - -     -   -■      - Lothian,
—i p.
Mc-
Mo-
McVety, James Brown, Edward Low
James Campbell, J. w. Wilkinson, R. P.
Pettlplece, John McMillan MuMock McKensle.    Managing director, 3. H. Mc-
Vety, Room ill.   8ey. mo.
AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CArT-
penters and Joiners—Boom !0>.
Sey, 210s. Business agent, J. A Kay;
office hours, I to • a.m. and 4 to 6 p.m.
Secretary of management committee,
Wm, Manson, (28 Raymur avenue.
Branches meet every Tuesday and Wednesday 1n Room 802.
BAKERS' AND CONFEC-
tloners' Local No. 4S—
Meets second and fourth
Saturdays. 7:10 p.m. President,   J.   Klrwalrd
intiniMDl     Rotters.   Room   ::o.  Lsbor
Temple; flnanolal  secretary,  V.  Robln-
BARBBRR' LOCAL, NO. 120—MBBTS
second Thursday, 1:10 p. m. President, Oeo. W. Isaacs; recording secretary, Charles Brown; secretary-business
agent, C. F. Burkhart, Room 101, Labor
Temple. Hours: il to 1; s to 7 p.m.
Bey. 1778.
BARTENDERS' LEAGUE NO. 87S—
Meets flrst and third Sundays of
each month, 7:20 p.m., Room 100. Presl-
dent. Walter Laurie: secretary, A. MacDonald: treasurer, wm. Mottlshaw, Tel.1
Sey. 462 (Yale Hotel)
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS
. and Joiners, Local No. 117—Meet'
Monday of each week, 8 p.m. Executive
committee meets every Friday, 8 p.m.
President, A. Richmond: recording secretary, A. Paine; financial secretary, L.
H. Burnham, Room 804.   Bey. 1380,
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS
.»..anft Joiners. South Vancouver No,
1208— Meets Ashe's hall, 21st and Fraser
Ave., every Friday, 8 p.m. President,
W. J. Robertson; vice-president, J. W.
Dlckieson; recording secretary, Thos.
Lindsay, Box 3«, Cedar Cottage; flnanolal secretary, J, A. Dlckieson; treasurer,
Robt. Lindsay: conductor, A. Conaher:
warden, E. Hall.
BRICKLAYERS' AND MASONS', NO. 1
—Meets every Tuesday " —   ~
807.    President, James Hi
v...,.n i ...no   nnLi tanawpta,  CIU  I
—Meets every Tuesday, f p.m., Room
.--.. President, James Haalett; corresponding secretsry, W. S.Dagnall, Box
puiiunis,    nci;i eiarv,     yy,    O.    !,_„, »->»^
S3; financial secretary, F. R. Brown;
business aaent, W. 8. Dagnall, Room
215,   Sey. 8799
BROTHERHOOD OF BOILER MAKERS
and Iron Ship Builders and Helpers
of America, Vancouver Lodge No. 194—
Meets first and third Mondays, 8 p.m.
President, F. Barclay, 3S3 Cordova East;
secretary, A. Fraser, 1151 Howe Street,
CIGARMAKERS-' LOCAL, NO. 867—
Meets flr«t Tuesday each month, 8
p.m. President, Robert J. Craig; secretary. J. C. Peuser. Kurts Cigar Factory;
treasurer, B. W. Johnson.
COMMERCIAL TELEGRAPHERS',
British Columbia Dlvlilon, C. P. System, Division No. I—Meets 10:20 a.m.
third Sunday in month, Room 204. Local
chairman, J. F. Campbell, Box 432, Vancouver. Local sec-treas., A. T. Oberg,
Box 482, or 1003 Burrard street.
ELECTRICAL WORKERB. LOCAL NO.
213.—Meets Room 301, every Monday
8 p. m. President. W. P. Carr: vice-president, Fred Fuller: recording secretary,
A. A. McDonald, 6 Lome street east: financial secretary, Harvey Bander; treasurer, H. H. Free; press secretary, Arthur Rhodes; business agent, H. A.
Jones, Room 207, Labor Temple.
ELECTRICAL WORKER8', LOCAL NO.
. 821 (Inside Men)—Meet every Friday Room 206 8 p.m. President 8. 8.
Duff; recording secretary, L. R. Salmon;
treasurer and business agent, F. L. Est-
Inghausen. Room 202.   Bey.'' 2348.
GLASS WORKERS' LOCAL. NO. 40—
Meets second and fourth Tussdaya
of each month. President, J. Fox; vice-
president, Wm. Thompson; financial secretary. Wm. Worton; secretary, A. O.
Hettler, 428 Dufferln street. Telephone,
Fairmont 1238.
LONGBHOREMENS' INTERNATIONAL
ASSOCIATION, No. ttx «2—Meets
every Friday evening, 188 Water street.
President, G. Thomas; secretary; Thomas
NMxon. 133 Water street.
MACHINISTS', NO. 182—MEETS SEC-
ond and fourth Thursdays. 7:18 p.m.
President, Robt. Thompson; recording
secretary, J. Brookes; financial aeeretary.
J. H, McVety.   Bey. 8380.
PAINTERS', PAPERHANGERS' AND
Decorators', Local 138—Meet every
Thursday, 7:30 p.m. President H. Murry: financial secretary, F.' J. Harris,
1888 Robson St.; recording secretarv.
Skene Thompson, Bub P. O. No. 8, Box 3;
business agent, W. J. Nagle.
SHEET METAL WORKERS', LOCAL
No. 880—Meets every Thursday, 7:20
p.m.. Room 892. President, H. Spear;
recording secretary, Jas. -Jamleson, 111
Drake street; financial secretary, Bd.
Dormody. ', f.
STONBGUTTER8', VANCOUVER
Branch—Meets second and fourth
Tuesdays, 8 p.m. President, Fred Rumble; corresponds- secretary. Jamea Ray-
burn; flananclal secretary, Wm. Jardlne.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY
Employees, Pioneer Division No. lot
—Meets Labor Temple, aecond and
fourth Wednesdays st 2:46 p.m. and flrat
and third Wednesdays, 8 n.tn. Presldsnt,
H. Schofleld: recording secretary, Albert V. Lofting, Box 178, City Heights
P.O.; financial secretary, Fred A. Hoover,
2409 Clark drive.
TAILORS. VANCOUVER UrANCH NO.
' 178—Meetings held flrst Friday In
each month. 8 p.m. President H. Nord-
land; secretary, W. W. Hocken, P.O. Boa
80S; financial secretary, L. Waklsy, Box
603.
TILE LAYERS' AND HELPERS', Local No. 82—Meets flrst and third
Wednesdays each month, 8 p.m. President, R. Neville; secretary, P. 0, Hoeuke,
Suite 2, 1202 Woodland drive.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION NO. 228—
Meets last Sunday eaoh month, 2:80
p.m. President, W. 8. Armstrong; vice-
president, G. w. Palmer; secretary-treasurer. R. H. Neelands, P.O. Box 88.
MUSICIANS' MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
Union, Local No. 146, A. F. of M.—
Meets second Sunday of each month, 640
Robson street. President, J. Bowyer;
vice-president, F. English; secretary, C.
F. Ward; treasurer, D. Evans.
araw wasTimrsram, a. o.
NEW WESTMINSTER -TRADES A
Labor Council—Meets every second
and fourth Wednesday at 8 p.rn., In
Labor Hall. President, R. A. Stoney;
financial secretary, J. B. Chockley; general'secretary, B. D. Grant, P. O, Box
934.  The public Is Invited to attend.
PLUMBERS' nnd STEAMFITTERB' LO-
cal 496—Meets every second and
fourth Friday of month in Labor Hall,
7:30 p.m. President. D. Webster: secretary. A. McLaren, P.O. Box 966, New
Westminster, B. C. -\ ...
UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CAR-
penters, Local Union No. 1689—
Meets every Monday, 8 p.m, Labor Temple, corner Royal avenue and Seventh
street. President, M. c. Behmendt; secretary. A. Walker, Labor Temple, New
Westminster, B, C,
LADYSMITH MINERS' UNION, LOCAL
No. 2888, U. M. W; of A—Meets
Wednesday, union Hall, 7 p.m. President, Sam Guthrie; secretary, Duncan
McKensle, Ladysmlth, B. C.
NANAIMO LOCAL UNION U.M.W.of A.
—Meets every Sunday In District
Office, Vendome Hotel, at 7:30 p.m.
Arthur Jordan, recording secretary,
Nanalmo, B, O.. 	
RQBSLAND'MINERS' UNION, NO. 38,
Western Federation of Miners-
Meets every Wednesday evening, In
Miners' Union hall. Band snd orchestra
open for engagement. Theatre for rent
President, Sam Stevens; secretary, Herbert Varcol, Box 421, Rossland, B. 07,
New Serge Suits for
$15 and $17.50
Tou. can Hake lt for what lt Is
worth—-Our clothing buyera have
used ALL their, clothing knowledge to select this clothing to the
end, that It shall be THE BEST
SOLD IN VANCOUVER AT THESE
.RICES. On the strength of this,
If you have .any confidence ln
David Spencer, Limited, to select
men who know their business, you
will at least come and Bee these
suits and measure them up with
your own eyes; for YOU are the
final arbiter.
The $16.00 suit Is a medium
twill serge; good dark navy, lined
with a good, durable lining and
worthily finished In every particular.
The $17.60 to all appearances Is
the same, except that a softer and
an obviously better quality serge
Is employed.
DAVID SPENCER
Vancouver, B. 0.
CHAMBERS
Good quants' in clothing as in
everything else is never oheap.
A dollar saved below a reasonable price, ia more than likely,
poor economy in the long run.
Campbell's Clothing
is not the lowest -prioed, but it
has the absolutely honest value
ot materials and workmanship
which makes the buying of it a
real economy.
23 Hastings Street East
The  Campbell Clothing Man
Stoves and Ranges
EVERYTHING FOR THE KITCHEN
Mount Pleasant headquarters for Carpenters' Tools
and all kinds of Builders' and Contractors' Supplies
W.R.OWEN
2337 MAIN STREET.
PHONE FAIR, 447.
THE KING OF SKATES
Tested and improved during many years in the world's greatest
skating ground, Canada
STAR Skates, all that a skate can be 75c to $0.00
Automatic Skates, immensely popular 76o to $ti.00
GREAT CHOICE OF SKATING BOOTS
For Young Hen, Young Ladies, Boys and Misses
J.   A.   JFLrE n ,   L1M1 I EL) Phone Seymour 204
Hardware and Tools
<| A Splendid Btook of the best in the world's market.
We make a specialty of supplying every need and requirements of the artisan in our line.
McTAGGART & MOSCROP
7 Hastings Street West
Phone Seymour 634
THE CHOICEST AND BEST UNION-MADE
CIGARS and TOBACCOS
LABOR TEMPLE CIGAR STORE
Magazines and Labor Temple Post Cards on Sale
Are You Satisfied?
E. T. Kingsley
*l If you have any doubl _about the
f your prinling, <
i can help you.
quality ol your printing, call or phone
us.   We«
PHONE SEYMOUR 824
Labor remple, Entrance on Homer Sr.
We Print the B. C. Federationist
PATRONIZE    B     C.     FEDEnATlONIST
ADVIRTISBRS—AND TRI.I. THEM   WHY
Miners' Magazine
Official Organ of the Western
Federation of Miners
Subscription $1 Per Yoar
Miners'-Magaiine 60S Railroad
Bldg., Denver, Colorado
MADE   l3_mi_      AND
te(r [temP) Porter
?*&> of America   ^cixr
tjefWHnr amm m*jk»miiti>id ho3
Don't be a Washboard
SLAVE
There is no excuse for
a housewife toiling .Over
the old fashioned' wash-
tub and board."
Vhe"THOR" Electric
Washer has revolutionized
home laundry work.
This appliance is operated by connection with an.
ordinary household socket
and does the washing and
wringing of your family
wash.
Visit our salesrooms at'
Carrall and Hastings Sts. or
113& Granville St. and have
the washer demonstrated.
B.C. ELECTRIC sAT»RDAY...:.:::.:::»oviMBiri »,i»«
THIS femtt8H COLUMBIA FEDEBATI0NI8T
Come and View New Af-
fivals in Women's Tailored
Advance (all styles an sow
on alsplsr la ths Salt Depart-
stent. nitty now fastarss an
to te found, sat salts an*
Minor varied la series, ooatt
favorinr £t M aad Sf-lnoh
lonfth. las belted stilt Is
math la ovidtaoa aad tht eat-
awer stul quite strong, feelar
eapeoUUjjrood for tell, deader
ajrons, Ao skirts retain the
ofmlfht llae effect even whan
pleats ereIntroduced. Che
width of suits baa aot ebamiod
autorUUr, bat tbe skirts ere
s
u
I
T
won from, oao to two Hobos
loafer. All tbe aew moterlels
•n to be feud, bat the ribbed weaves an aovsltJos la tbo
bsavtor fabrlos.' Ther eome ti
whip ends Bedford, ends sad
heavy   oordod   ebovlsts.     —
diafoasJ.   	
an fool"
found tn	
as the harder surfseed materl.
ale. 15 oolon navr eiaia leads
bat tobaeoo aad seal brown are
well tbmurbt of, aad tbe
tweeds show a oombnuttoa of
seven! oolon.'
r   eonee.   oneviois.     an
■at,   All dlefonal weaves
riod aad maaj an to bo
In tbe honeeope.no aa weU
$30, $3^ $40, $45 j   S I    UP TO $65.00
(Knroon Srp&al*, Ctatifei.
575 Granville Street      Vancouver, B. C.
BEDDING HERE APLENTY
An immence stock of Blankets, Pillows, Comforters, Beds. Prices right
Large shipments of blankets, comforters, pillows, etc., have been arriving during the patt few days. The culmination of weeks of careful
effort,, backed by our long experience. It wi|l pay you to investigate.
— -    Cotton lined Comforters.    Yorkshire Wool Blaaheta, I lbs.
 ti.vfc asm, ta.so, ts.oi        ...1... *.Jmm
took * Ions' Sown Quilts,    Torksbln Wool lumbers, ■ lbs,
 MM to |tf 53 "... KM
hs noKO Wool BUakote, e to    Yorkshire  Wool  Blankets, J lbs.
10 lbs- pair.   ts.oo, U0.86 .~TZ.- W.TS
Ouranteed reatbsr Wlowe, pair, SMS to 07JSO
JAMES STARK A SONS, i.TD.
>At«nuW ST. WBST        Between Abbott ud OarxmU.
Overalls
Two-piece overall suits, speoially
suitable for boys taking a course
of manual training. Sizes 26 to
D.i,... D„. C..:s ™.,,:..tion 3*. Made of stout black denim,
PflCe PCr SUIC, any Slie »180 cut full and Btrongly put together.
WE ARE MEN'S AND  BOYS'  OUTFITTERS
309-815 Hastings
Street West
CLUBB & STEWART
yqur winter suit
Should be Tailor-made and made by Union Tailors. Fine stock to select (rom
FRED PERRY Labor Temple Tailor
Corner Homer end Dununuir Streets
Honest and Artistic
Dentistry
The most scientific and
up-to-date-methods
DR. W. J. CURRY
DENTIST
301 DOMINION TRUST BLDS.
Open   from   9  a. m.   to 5 p. in.
RING    UP    SEYMOUR   2354    FOR    APPOINTMENT
. Office Open Evenings
Hours 9 to 8
DR. BRETT ANDERSON
DENTIST
Bank «f Ottawa Building
Cor. Seymour aid Hastings
Patronize Home Industry
BY ASKING  ,r^ggjjlz%s,        ON YOUR
FOR THIS    ^Iflpl5,      PRINTING
The Printing Fraternity in Vancouver Spend More
Than $15000.00 Every Week
Ten "FexJ." Sub Cards for $7.50
Order today—sell at.$1.00 eaob and pay for when sold
British Columbia Land
Splendid opportunities in Mixed Farming, Dairying *
Stock and Poultry
British Columbia Grants Pre-emptions of
160 Acres to Actual Settlers at
$IPER ACRE
TERMS: Residence on the land (or at least
two yean; improvements to the extent ol $2.50
per acre; payment of $40 at the end of two
years, and the balance of $160 (i.e. $120) in
3 annual instalments of $40, with interest at 6%
For Further Information Apply to
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B. C.
Secretary, Bureau of Provincial Information, Victoria
Electric Light
THAT IS ELECTRIC LIGHT
Can now be Supplied ib Certain Portions
of the City
Use Stave Lake Power
and Reduce Expenses    N
WESTERN CANADA POWER CO.
LIMITED
Office: 602-610 Carter-Cotton Bldg.
Vancouver, B.C.        Phone Seymour 4770 P.O. Box 1418
Ckm ^ Wages
Be It Resolved, that a demand,
tor a BUI he included ln our
'    legislative demands, to provide tor .the  payment  of
wages ln cash at intervals
; of not more than two
weeks; and to provide fur:
ther that, where an employee has heen discharged,' .-!
or has left his employment,
all monies due him must he
paid within 34 hours, or auch
wages as be was receiving
to continue until such times
as the monies due are paid.
The above resolution, which was
submitted by Delegates McNebb, L.
Moore, D. Hyslop, R. Livett, 3. Le-
venue, 3. O. Jones, C. Stubbs, P. Alott
at the Lethbrldge convention of tbe
Alberta Federation of Labor, provoked
considerable debate, but' was Anally
endorsed with the amendment that In
framing any such proposed legislation
the executive committee should take
Into consideration the wishes of the
farmers with respect to employment
on farms.
The speech delivered by Delegate
Clem Stubbs, president of District 18,
United Mine, Workers ot America, is
both instructive /and Inspiring, and
The Federatlonist gives it here as
being tbe position of a man who has
had a-wide experience in safeguarding
the legal rights and interests of wage
workers with- respect to the collecting
of wages, due:   •   ~ -'
. "We are not all lawyers, and in connection with matters of law I want to
point, out that while we may have the
opportunity of looking through books
of law ln the way one delegate has
mentioned, we have not the training
that is necessary to enable us to understand what those books meau; and
that is the reason we hire lawyers to
do Our work. It' Is not often that a
working man does hire ai member of
the legal profession, but sometimes he
is forced to take that step ln hut own
defence; and the reason he is compelled to do so is because it is so dint-
cut to understand the contents of
those yellow-backed books.
"I have beeu Interested on more
than one occasion in trying to collect
wages, and my experience is that any
laws there are.in the Dominion are
absolutely useless so far as guarantee,
ing wages to the wage-workers is concerned. We have a Master and Servants Act on the Dominion statues,
but ln our own immediate province we
operation In Alberta. We have a
have an act passed by the old Territorial Legislative Assembly that Is still ln
similar act ln British Columbia, and
that act says nothing more than that
the man who works for wages Is. a
slave of the man who hires him. It
says that and nothing else. That law
also lays down the penalities that will
be imposed upon him if he disobeys
the demands of his master. It he
does not present himself for employment at' the time laid down by the
master or does not so conduct himself
as to pleaA his master ln every par
ticular with regard to the extent and
quality of his work, that law holds him
liable to be penalised. ,
- "It fs a fact, however, that we may
sue for wages as a -debt, but so many
counter claims and dockages are put
up against us that we do not often resort to law to enforce our Just demands; or else the masters make the
plea that we did this that we should
not have done, or did not do some
other thing that we ought tb have
done,.and ln consequence the working,
man finds he has no claim upon his
employer for the wages he has earned.
"Then, again, we flnd very often
that our wages are not strictly specified, and we have a legal battle on
hand on that account; and under those
circumstances we find that the lawyer
gets our wages Instead of us getting
them, and, like the Irishman, we begin to wonder If it was the master or
ourselves who got hit with the brick.
(Laughter.)
"There are two masters In connection with lt. I am not overlooking the
fact that we neither write the laws
nor interpret them, and for that reason we must hire someone else to
write them, as we are compelled to
also do to Interpret them. When we
get wise enough to do both for ourselves there will be no- need to meet
here and pass resolutions.' The pass-
Ing of resolutions is one of the easiest
things on earth to do that I know of,
«nd speaking to them seems to be a
hobby for all of ub, In spite of the fact
that many of us have long since come
to the conclusion that to do so is an
absurdity in any case.
Now, under the present condition
of things we have to wait for our
wases from one pav day to another,
and the pay -day takes place every
month; and we flnd ourselves ln the
position1 that In the meantime, if we
desire to raise money and go away to
some other place, then we are compelled to hang around until it suits the
pleasure of the boss to pay us what Is
due, nnd I want to say that the average worklngman ln our own particular
district cannot afford to wait around
very long, otherwise his money will
be all gone, and he Will not be able to
get away. On the other hand If a man
cashes his time check, then he Is
placed that he has to pay a discount
on lt amounting sometimes to 10 per
cent. Right In the City of Lethbrldge
this last month I ran against an individual who was paid by a time check,
and nobody would cash It or honor lt.
It was certified by the company, and
finally an old Jew second-hand dealer
offered to cash it for him if he would
pay him 10 per cent, on the value for
doing so. I want to say, too, that this
particular Individual had been looking
tor lawyer's advice, and he had finally
arrived at the conclusion that he
would either have to discount lt at
that figure with the Jew, or keep it
until the boss got ready to pay bim.
Now, if the companies were forced to
continue the rate of wages that they
had been In the habit of paying to
any workman, until such time as they
did pay his wages, there would then
he very little necessity to ask any lawyer to Interpret the laws on this matter.
"There Is altogether too much law-
lots too much of lt; and the trouble Ib
that among these laws the particular
ones that favor the payment of wages
cost too much to have enforced. But
if we could get something in the nature of this resolution, which is clear
enough and specific enough, We might
be able to do something to help our-,
selves. If they would let me write
the laws I think I could point out
where action could be taken In the
matter, and where it would be Impossible to have any loopholes. (Laughter.) If these provisions were enacted
into law I think we might get some
protection ln that particular.
'Now, In regard to the farmer, I
want to say that If he Is In the position*
that he- can hire a hunch of wage-'
workera who Are forced to organise to
protect themselves, then certainly he
is not entitled to too much consideration from those workers, no more than
he would give theni himself. We find,
however (and possibly the feeling la
more pronounced among the farmers
selves), that they are feeling the lame
encroachments upon their liberties aa
are wage-workers, and by exactly the
same corporations and by exactly the
same methods; and If they are ln the
position to hire one or two.sla.vei tb
work for them, It la only a matter of
skinning.the hide off that slave- ln
order that he may take it along with
bis own to market. (Laughter.) And
capital gets bothitheir hides; there Is
no question about'that
"I realise that they are up against a
more difficult proposition than' we are
ourselves. If is made more difficult
by the very laws we an hollering
about; by the fact that the fanner,
finding himself In the position 6f hav?
Ing a 'title to a steady job,' he has
got to keep It In order. We have i
such title, and hence when we let go
of it—when we are through with It—
we have no further Interest ln preserving It, That is one reason why there
may be some little difference of opinion between the fanners apd our-
selves. We are,, however, both performing the same functions; we both
find ourselves In the. same position
with regard to getting a livelihood, but
the farmer haa one distinct advantage.
He will tell you that so long as the
mortgage doe* not come due he can
hang on long enough to live, and If he
can eat spuds and grass he will be all
right. The wage-worker has not that
satisfaction. If he does eat grass, It la
someone else's grass, and the first
thing he know he haa the 'bull' after
him, (Laughter and cries of hear,
hear!) So tar aa the actual position
Is concerned, however, It means a continual struggle for both of us.
"But the farmers are not the only
slaves who paok the hides ot their
fellow slaves to market. In some of
the' mines we have a system whereby
a particular place wtll be contracted
between the operator and one Individual, and this individual contractor will
have another man working for him on
a day wage. It Is exactly tbe same
process; the man who haa the contract' for the place Is skinning the hide
of the man who is working tor him,
and the company In turn is taking the
hides of both.   (Laughter.)
"When we come to discussing matters of this nature, we must of necessity analyse the position purely and
simply from the standpoint of tbe
wealth producer, and when we do
that we will be farced to the conclusion that the man who hires one slave,
and Is compelled to hire him on credit,
is-in precisely the same position as
ourselves. At the same time, If I
were the hired individual I would consider lt was pretty hard lines if I was
compelled to wait for thirty days or
so for my f 1.50 or $2 per day, after
working for them. It may be Just as
hard for the farmer himself to be com-
{■pelted to pay the man, but ln considering the difficulties of the farmer we
cannot overlook the hardship that
would be Imposed on the other fellow.
"Now, when we have eliminated
these small points, which might make
lt appear as though we had .llfterent
interests, we will arrive naturally at
the conclusion that we can unite for
the same objects, with tbe tame principles, and for the same end; and it
we do that there Is certainly no danger
ln my mind sb to what the ultimate
outcome will be. So far as this resolution Is concerned, the fanners do
not need to hesitate a moment in endorsing it for the wage-workers generally, because even supposing that
the miracle happened and the wage-
workers did get it, the farmers may
rest assured that the government will
LAIOR PRISS.
By Agnja Theela Fair.
tou have no power ln the world so
great ■'*'
As the sheet you dally buy;
Tou may build a press that would
move the world  -
For all. If you only try.
Only a nickel or dime, you say.
Then add to the power of your elan.
If you will drink, why not also ihink
Of the fellow who mad* the glassT
Not only the glass but the brew therein
Waa made by the workers' hands.
The power you have you will never
know,
tn a thousand separate bands;
The bread you eat, the clothea you
wear,
The songs that fill your heart,
Are but a sign In every dime,
Borne toller doei his part.
Tho' you may work tn a foreign dime,
Far across the sea,
Remember the power your .press may
gain
From those like you and me..
They Dreamed
For generations men day-dreamed of
the tune when the yoke of serfdom
would be abolished.
For generations men day-dreamed
when they would not have to work
from the earliest streaks of daylight to
the last lingering rays of twilight for
an animal existence.
For generations men day-dreamed
wjien they would have a voice ln ottering their own lives..
For generations women dreamed of
the time that they would be relieved
of the long hours ot day and night in
household drudgery and weaving,
For generations there waa day-
dreaming when goods would be transported by other than human backs and
animal burdens.
It was only a few who dreamed, but
had they never dreamed the serfdom,
the long hours would still exist, and
the voting, tbe factory methods and
the transportation of modern times
would not exist.
For generations men have daydreamed of tbe time when a government would* be really run ln the Interests of the whole people; when It
would operate factories, shops, mines,
and farms—when no one would have
to save and skimp and deny themselves of all tbe things tbat make life
worth living, that they might protect
their old age and their children against
the day of possible want—the next
generation will not have to live ln the
continual fear of want, will not have
to beg a fellow being (or the privilege
of working and living.
Only day-dreamers have made this
world   better   than   they   found   it.
Dreamers are thinkers and thinkers
have made every step of progress,
Appeal to Reason.
The Liberty to Enslave.
To own slaves it Is not necessary to
own men. It is quite sufficient to own
the means of their work. You have
them as surely one way aa the other,
Indeed, you have them at even a
worse disadvantage under wage slavery than under chattel slavery. For
under chattel slavery you bad to main-
tain them when they were sick, or
when one piece of work was finished
and another was not ready to begin.
But under wage slavery you avoid
that responsibility. You can turn
tbem out into tbe streets, and can
even get up a reputation for philanthropy by subscribing to the- unemployed fund got up for their relief.
Liberty, then, in the capitalist sense,
means the liberty to enslave men
through their work and to bring them
into as perfect subjection to the cap
italist from the responsibility ot sav-
certainly see to It that they do notl!"",i.,rT """ ™»f°"»"""t1' ol °*":
03v-0VnrlIhefnrrr;"r..ro^rth°«0v.4?K  •"»   sl»T!»_ fron>  «tarving.-Fred
openly offend the farmers, for the gov-
ernment depends on the farmers' support to maintain the conditions under
which we now exist."   (Applause.)
TO THE WORKERS
A CALL TO UNITE
(By J. Kier Hardle, M.P.)
Not within tbe memory of any man
now living has the world been so full
of hope for the workers. Whether lt
be In the older countries of Europe, of
In the still older nations' of the Far
Bast, or In the great nations of the
continents of America and Australasia,
the tale is everywhere the same. Labor
Is bestirring itself and girding up Its
loins for the final struggle with the
capitalist system.
Without organization the -working
class is a mob, subject to be swayed
hither and thither by tbe impulse ot
the moment, and by every wind of
doctrine which sweeps over it Organ-
ised, It becomes a unity, with organs
of expression, power to create, and
to overthrow all its enemies.
In olden times differences of race
kept the world divided Into waning
factions, and, even In these days racial
prejudices and antagonism are still
strong. But they are weakening. Trade
and commerce is international, and so,
too, Is the organised working-class
movement.
Anyone reading the newspapers, for
example, might easily be deceived into
believing tbat the feeling between the
people of England and Germany is ao
bitter that war may at any moment
break out between them. The great
financial interests of both countries,
and their willing tools, the Governments of both countries, lend countenance to this fallacy. It is good for the
exploiter of labor, whether he be British or German, that the workers of
these two nations should be at loggerheads. If the German workman could
be got to believe that England was his
enemy he would be apt to overlook the
fact that his real enemy Is the capitalist system; ln like manner with the
British workman. In both countries,
however, there is the working class
movement—Trade Unionist and Socialist These contain the best educated
and most enlightened portions of the
working class of both countries. They
kuow that warships are not being built
or armies created for their protection.
The British workman has recently
found out that his army is not primarily meant to fight Germany, but to
[.keep him ln order during a strike and
to afford protection to scabs, when
these can be got to take his place.
I have no doubt whatever that the
German workman has had many similar experiences, and thus lt happens
tbat the Socialist and Trade Union
movements of Germany and Britain
see in each other not nemles but. comrades and allies.
Wbat li true of these two countries
Henderson, M.P.
Oh, Slush 1
Industrial Canada: It has been suggested tbat a duty be placed upon foreign agitators wbo are Imported Into
Canada to stir up industrial disputes.
By this means, it Is argued, some of
them would be kept out, and a revenue
would be raised on those who got In.
No hope ilea here. Suppose a duty of
fifty per cent, were levied, Duty must
be reckoned on value. Computing the
amount of duty to be paid on an Imported agitator, we find that fifty per
cent, of-nothlng Is still nothing.
Ssms Over Here,
It was Gladstone who said that the
capacity of the manufacturing Industries is doubled every seven years by
Improved machinery. Are your wages
Increasing price of food still keep you
doubled every seven years, or does the
on the poverty line? asks the Brisbane
(Queensland) Worker.
Porcupine Miners' Union sends for"
a yearly bundle order of five. Lady-
smith and Nanalmo orders a bundle of
i0 each, and Sandon, Kimberley and
Trail place orders tor each of their
Union hall reading rooms.
Vancouver Tllelayers subscribe In a
body, 68 of 'em, and potlach with an
equivalent to "pay the printer."
Is equally true of all others, and it is
thla fact which fills the world with
[hope for the future. The capitalist system Is rapidly running Its course to Its
predestined end. The same forces of
evolution which brought lt Into being
are still at work and are revolving out
of the present Capitalist chaos the
unity, harmony and peace of Socialism.
The call to the worker, therefore, Is
clear and distinct. He must organise
not only Industrially but politically.
He cannot, afford to allow the means of
production to remain In the hands of
the capitalist class. No more can he
afford to allow the same class to retain
the powers of government. Not only
must he own and control capital, but
be must control the State. And that
means that he must vote straight as
well as strike straight. Organisation
has taught the worker unity ln strike.
It Is now teaching him the same lesson
In tbe vote. And there Is this difference, that while he stands to Buffer
most during a strike, he stands to lose
nothing and gain everything by voting
straight.
The workers are the overwhelming
majority of every Industrial country so
soon aB tbey learn unity of action, and
become masters of the situation industrially and politically, and thereby
achieve their own emancipation from
the thraldom and bondage of capitalism.
It look! easy; there is no dogma or
abstruse doctrine about it. Unite and
act, and the battle Is won—Labour
Leader.
Home's Changing \M
*>**<>>*>>>a*SEsaassi«sasa^sMp
$100,000 worth of Staple aid Foscy Geo* w WCeWwd OstMst*
the int otthe year, when a new Proprietorship tabs aver this Mm*
TOOLS
•4.10
17.60
•10.00
. Carborundum Orlnders SJJS
) Carborundum Orlnders IMS
,--.-) Carborundum Orlnders STJS
These aro the latest model In oil
running machines.
26 only. Stanley Wood Bottom Jack
and Jointer Plsnes.   Values to
M.OOj to'Soar at. .« is
Sua Iowa In all makes; values to
•8.00; for . -sJlJS
These aro fully warranted eawe.
I regular 11.26 for
pockets,
lar 11.00
 ".fie
and I1.M. for;.._ ___„	
I, 4 and 6-lnch Taper Sites, four
for    Jle
••Inch Stillson Wrenches; regular
W.M -.      	
Matt.Stillson, Wrenches;
10-lrieh "Stiiis'oa'i
14-lnehSUlisoii)
Quick cuT'Sier/ OU tteoeoT
♦slue tur.~~.Zi"
•1.00 also roc-
Builders' Htuttware
Sash locks, each .. Ir
Cupboard espies, lie, sank.
Caiemenn adjuster*, oesttni
Casement fasteners.
4-ln. japanned door ..
Hot end cost hooks, 1
Drawer voile, dor.....
Stool bufte, per" pel
Strap hinges, wIT.
Door bolts, each...
BELOW COST Is the rule of this Sale theCo-
operative plan is suspended till further notice
NO
I  I TEL
NIG STORE©
56-5840 HASTINGS ST.  EAST
TELEPHONE  8EYMOUB 8472 and 8473
FALL SHOES FOR MEN
Shoeta for Sarwica , Shoos for Comfort
Shooa for Prass     ghoos for EworrHosmirotSst
We've picked winners in Hen's Fall Shoes. We're at the service)
of every man who desires the best shoes his money oan buy.
WT    #S » P   2°* MAIN STREET
*   /•    V'RR'        Owofclhe OyHtf
Narnad Sheas Aro efroo^aoallr
Mads In Non-Union Factor!**
DO NOT BUT ANT SHOE
no matter what its name, unless It bean s>
plain and readable impression of this Stamp.
All shoes without the Union Stamp sts
always Non-Union.
Boot <& Shoo Workora' Union
246 Summer Street, Boston, Mass.
J. F. Tobln, Pres.    C. L. Bains, Soe.-Treu.
Honest Leather
WORKED UP BY
COMPETENT WORKMEN
under proper conditions, in sanitary workshops has one inevitable result
GOOD SHOES
THE ONLY KIND WE HANDLE
THE .SHOE TWT*^^^%¥X  Look for ths
specialist    yfy   ^^J^^gWeomaW   U"'Q" Stamp
Central "K" Boot Agency
160 Cordova Street W., near Cambie
1
Get Your Money's Worth
■'VtUnTi^ftHlSHBlOSSO^
BEST IN 8 C OGIV^"*
Select your Cigars from Boxes bearing this Label
'The Beer Without
a feer
Phone
Fairmont
429
The Vancouver Breweries
Limited PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
SATURDAY -NOVBMBUR "9.JMI
GROCERIES
FURNITURE
House Furnishings
See the Province and World eaoh day for
full particulars
.   Catalogue now ready—Out of town customers
oan get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a copy.   A postcard will do.
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept. F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
Purchase Only
Whale Brand
"Sise,   Strength,    Endurance"
OVERALLS
Made in Vancouver
Strictly by Union
Labor
Ask your dealer for them
A. WADDINGTON
MANOTACTOBER
22 Water St. Phone Sey. 1993
■SCOWS VABBOWS SBtSOB construction will soon start Buy now before
prices Jump; four large lots left; only
a blook from waterfront, right at Second Narrows; |550 each; quarter cash,
balance «, 12, IS months. What will
these be worth when building begins?
Whltaker & Whltaker, The North Vancouver Experts, 430 Howe street, Van.
FOR EXPERT
WATCH
and Jewel ery
REPAIRING
CALL AND SEE
Geo. G. Bigger
143  Hastings  Street  West
How About That Photo
You Promised Your Friend?
Western Studio
424 Main St. Formerly at 440
-    TASTCOPT1B, ». 0.
THOUSANDS
OF THESE BOOKS SELLING
Origin of Species, Darwin.... 20c
Age of Reason, Paine 20c
Eight Lectures, Ingersoll..... 20c
The People's Bookstore
152 Cordova W.'
HEATERS
Stoves and Nice Warm
RUGS
for the cool weather at
W. TURNER
8t7 Granville Street Cor. Smythe
Phone Sey. 8745
MULCAHY'S CAFETERIA
THE BEST Of
EVERYTHING
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
DIXON BROS.
Light and Heavy Horses
and Shetland Ponies for Sale
646 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 193
QQWITH
THE
BUNCH
TO THE
BRUNSWICK
POOL ROOMS
E. BURNS & CO.
Dealers in
Stoves and Metals
Housefurnishings
MECHANICS'
TOOLS OUR
SPECIALTY
Stove Callings and Repairs Kept
in stock
138 Cordova St. East
Government Farm For East Kootsnay.
■ The Dominion government bas so>
(Wired a tract of 8E acres ln the upper Columbia river valley, and will
establish, an experimental farm there
for the purpose ot testing various
varieties of small and large fruits,
grains, clovers and potatoes. The
(arm Is located at Invermere, about 80
miles south of Golden,
In British Columbia?. Not Yet
Four hundred French have cooperatively bought a chateau and
park. Four hundred dwellings are'to
be built in the park, and the chateau
Is to be used as a club house and restaurant Tbe buyers are being complimented on the line houses, beautiful views, and grand open spaces they
will enjoy. But observe the promotion?
Four hundred workers are specially
favored ln oocuplng the space formerly occupied by ONE nobleman.
Company Murder on Waterfront
A Vancouver coroner's Jury, during
the past week, has returned the following verdict:
"William Turklngton came to his
death on the steamship Marama,
moored at the C. P. R. wharf, October
25, 1912! First, he received his Injuries ln a fall oil the boat; then delay ln
receiving medical attention. The fall
came trom wilful neglect on the part
of the company In not having proper
and suitable arrangements for boarding the Bhlp at the time."
And, so far as can be learned, there
the matter ends!
Imperial Wine
Company
54 Cordova Street West
Phoke Set. 955
Direot Importers of
TALISKER
WHISKY
Goods Delivered Free to all
parts of the city
CIGARS
Rhymes of Revolt
BY  VVILFNID   GRIBBLE
Neat little volume of virile verse
25C Special price for quantities
For Ssle et Lebor Temple Ciger Store
We can furnishl Wctfj you let
YOUR HOME " iy«"
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3867
BUY THAT NEW
HAT
Plenty of Union-made Hats
At the Leader 62 Hat
Store, corner Hastings
and Abbott Sts. Here
you will find every con-
eeivable style, color and
else of union hats. You
have unrestricted choice
of thousands of hats,
soft or stiff, to select
from at one price—62
—here Instead of paying mere elesewhere.
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
S.W. Corner Hastings and
Abbott Streets
INSIST ON HAVING IT
Harris Hair Tonic
Dandruff Cured or Money Back
•■ O. BABBSM SUPPLY OO.
S17 >OBSO>T STBBBT
none Seymour 4401
Montana Coal Miners.
A Joint- scale committee, composed
ot representatives of tne coal miners
and of the mine operators of Montana,
recently reached an agreement The
result of the conference was submitted to a vote of the miners. By a majority the members of the union voted
to accept the scale agreed to by their
representatives. It is stated that the
provisions of this agreement mean a
general Improvement in the conditions
of the contract miners. The day wage
.scale was advanced to the several
classes of labor, principally raising
the lower rates tor both Inside and
outside work, tbe range, of these increases being from 10 cents to 25 cents
per day.
Among the Local Typos.
At the Reliance Alleys on Wednesday afternoon the "News-Ad." team
of the Newspaper Printers' Bowling
League made lt three straight over the
"World" teamrthe boys from the "tall
tower" put up a game fight, though
the "News-Ads" only winning the last
?ame by two pins. Oliver had high
game and high average.'
Olson and Oliver won the "Okana-
gans."   The Score:
N 6 w s - A d''
Olson   190     107     135     492
Mason  144     140     200     484
McDonnell .... 175     132     175    483
Proulx    148     155     138     441
Melzger capt. 146     149     151     446
A' Credit to Union Workmanship
&MER&
Berry Bros.
Agents for Cleveland Cycles,
"She Bicycle with the Bepatatkn"
Full line of accessories
Repairs promptly executed
SIS XAlMfOI ST. B.
 Thone Seymour Mgs
Totals   803
"World"—
Fogarty 162
Bernle    123
Oliver,  Capt. 153
Enberg  138
Stlckney  150
743     800   2346
136
134.
182
149
121
161
127
224
148
138
Totals  726    722     798   2246
Lord's Day Act Dose Not Apply
Tbat the coast shipowners have a
right to demand their crews to work
cargo at ports of call on Sundays, and
falling obedience can engage longshoremen and deduct the cost from the
objecting sailor's wages, is the effect
of a Judgment handed down by tbe
Court of Appeals In .the case of Murray
vs. the Coast Steamship Co. The court
unanimously upheld the Judgment rendered at the trial by His Honor Judge
Mclnnes. The case was a test one
to decide the question which bas been
a source of contention for some time.
Good for Cattle.
In a recent article on "Sesame Culture," The Scientific American says:
'An abundance of yellow, mild and
bland oil called 'gtngelly,' resembling
olive oil, Is obtained from the seed.
If the oil is of a very good quality, lt
is employed as an adulterant of oil of
almonds, and Is of great economic
value, only second to cocoanut oil ln
the variety of its uses. It is employed for culinary purposes, food,
medicine, cosmetics, Illumination, lubrication, soap-making, etc. The oil
Is also used In making a very attractive confection, being need like peanut
ln making a 'brittle.' The cakes left
after the oil has been pressed from
tho seeds are used as food by the
poorer classes, and also serves as
good food for cattle."
CIOARMeVUSRSWILL
HOLD KOHTH ANNUAL
KiUMjTJlBADE NOV. 16
Vancouver Md New Westminster
Locals srtenre $1 per Thousand
Increase in Wages.
The Clgarmakers' 8th annual Bine
Label marquerade ball will be held
In the Dominion hall on Friday evening, Nov. 15th. The committee has
gone to unusual expense to make this
dance the premier one of the season.
Harper's 10-piece orchestra will be In
attendance/and the prizes will be on
exhibition next week. If you want to
have the time of your life, come up and
spend tbe night with tbe Clgarmakers.
Don't forget tne date,' Friday, Nov.
15th. .Dents' tickets, 81; ladles, 76c;
spectators, 50c.
The' Clgarmakers' convention at
Baltimore Is over, and our delegate,
3. O. Peuser, has returned. He sue-
needed ln having one resolution
passed, which wtll be of Interest to
unionists throughout Canada. Here lt
Is:
"Resolved that the per capita tax
on all Clgarmakers ln Canada be paid
Into the Dominion Trades Congress, instead of Into the A, F. of L. We have
no representation at the Ai F. of L.,
and by paying into the Dominion
Trades Congress we can have."
This resolution will have to be
affirmed by a referendum vote.
His other amendments to the con-'
ventjon were too highly colored to
pass the "Old Guard." The standpatters, headed by Samuel Oompers,
O. W. Perkins, etc., had things their
own way;. The Reds offered many
good resolutions, but tt was like wiving a red" flag in the face of an angry
bull; no use.
J. C. Peuser has accepted the position of foreman in the B. N. A. cigar
factory in Kelowna. He was for nine
years secretary of Local 367, and had
lt over most of- the secretaries for ae-.
curacy.
Increase In Wage Schedule.
This Local did Something rather
strange last month. It increased Its
bill of prices by 21 per thousand on
all Jobs. We couldn't help It; bad to
dolt. With all the Conservative pros-
petty floating around we decided to
get in on some of It.
New Westminster did likewise, and
Victoria and Nelson will follow suit.
Smokers of union-made cigars need
not get alarmed at tbe Increase. It
won't affect you, but It will affect us
If you do not keep on insisting on having none but union-made, cigars after
supper.
Trade is good, but taking Into consideration the small number ot cigar-
makers in Vancouver, it ought to be
better.
If the Progress Club members
would do less talking about patronising home Industry and commence
smoking union-made cigars, made ln
Vancouver, we would soon augment
the population of this city.'
The army of "Bull Durham" fiends
is increasing rapidly, consequently the
price of alfalfa 's rising.
It's not for me to tell a man what
brand of tobacco to smoke, whether It
be a pipe, cigarette or cigar, but I
will say, to me it looks exceedingly
punk for a union man to pull a package of Bull Durham out, roll a pill,
DOWN WITH HOME RULE,
LONO LIV« ROB BULK.
Ths City of Belfast, Ireland, which
bas been the seeds of rioting on the
part of the opponents to Home Rule,
is a city whloh has—like nearly every
other large industrial olty in the Brit-'
Ish Isles—* reputation tor underpay-
ing. its women wage-workers. In the
shirt-making. Industry, women are
paid at the rate of 12 cents per day,
and piece-workers receive 26 cents for
every doses shirts they make. The
Infant mortality Is 28.1 psr thousand.
Whether there Is any, connection between the two we don't know, but this
we do know, that Ireland will never
have Home Rule as long as she countenances rob rule;
Edmonton Visitors
Jos. Clark, and Wm. McAdams, of
Edmonton were visitors ln Vancouver
during the week.; The former Is the
prospective mayor of the Capital City,
en* route home on his honeymoon; the
latter is managing editor of the Daily
Capital, one of the llvest newspaper
productions ln Western Canada.
Shingle Weavers' Election.
In the local election In the Shingle
Weavers' Union tor" International
officers', President J, G. Brown and
Secretary W. H. Reld received the entire vote' of the membership. Fred
Jennings, a member of the local union,
who Is a candidate for Fourth Vice-
President,, received all but four votes,
which were cast'for Frank Baker, In-
cumbent of the' office.—Hoqulam Free
Press.
U. S. Election Results
A noteworthy feature of the TT. 8.
election whs the support accorded Eugene V. Debs, the, socialist candidate,
ln the Western states. It 'will', be
some days before complete results-Are
in from the remoter portions of the
country.—Associated press.
"The vote for Mr. Roosevelt, the
third party candidate, and. for Mr.
Debs, the Socialist candidate, Is a
warning that their propaganda In favor of fundamental changes ln our
constitutions! representative government has formidable support."—Pres
IdentTaft. *
and then run down some non-unionist
or scab.
If you have the money to spend In
tobacco, by all means spend It on
union-made goods. I don't like Chinese, so I don't patronize them. You
don't like the American' Tobacco
Trust, still you patronize them.
Where Is the moral?
. Cock pheasant shooting Is .fair; the
birds are getting wild, but we manage
to turn over one or two every Sunday.
Now, If I was down In Protestant-
ridden Ontario they would fine me for
shooting on Sunday. That's one thing
I like about B. C.
If you like the Clgarmakers, patronize our Blue Label and come to the big
dance. R. J. C.
Amalgamated Soclsty of Carpenters,
No. 4 branch of the Amalgamated
Society of Carpenters held their regular meeting on Wednesday evening.
Thla branch consists of men working
in the various woodworking factories.
There was a goodly number present,
and several new members were admitted. The prise drawing, in aid of Bro.
Hayden, who' has been ill for some
time, resulted In a good sum being
raised. The/winning members sre as
follows: First prize, 890;- second prise,
283; third prize, 260. Splendid work
has been done this lut two montbs
In organising the mill-workers, and If
members continue to come In as they
have at the last four meetings, the
men will soon have a 100 per cent,
organization. Everybody's doing lt
Mr. Non-Union Man, get in line.
Change In "The Voles."
Hereafter the Winnipeg Voice will
appear as an eight-page paper, discarding the "patent" Inside used for
many years.
"As a result" says The»Volce, "of
the increasing popularity of the
•j paper, lt has been decided to make It
more distinctly labor In character.
Future lasues will contain, all the
principal features, and will be printed
entirely by our own staff on our own
premises. The management believes
tbat this change will meet with general approval. The policy of the
paper is tor represent tbe opinion of
tbe labor movement, and to give the
very best expression of last, opinion.
The labor press of the world Is In-
creasing In number and Influence, and
our ambition is to keep abreast of the
movement, and act as an educative
factor."
Trades and Labor Council'
The meeting of Vancouver Trades
and Labor Council last Thursday evening was largely taken up with discussion of reports of committees, not the
least ot which was a spirited discussion upon various phases ot Industrial
Unionism.
Sheet Metal Workers' Smoker
On Friday of last week, Local 280
of the Amalgamated Sheet Metal
Workers held a successful gathering
In the form ot a smoking concert A
general Invitation was extended to all
members of the craft, whether belonging to the union or not snd the
call was heartily .responded to, as
some' 160. members gathered on
the top floor of the labor Temple,
Songs, pianoforte solos, recitations snd
I addresses formed the program, while
the proceedings were further varied
by a wrestling match In the flnt half
From the report of the committee
which interviewed locals of the Social- „, . „„.„„.,.„.„„ lu lBO aItl „„,
st party as to whether they Intended ,n4 , «„,„,.; nuitch In tbe last half of
.0 ^.H-m-f- 1 .-1-.1 ™i...  th( pMlttm Refreshments snd cigars
Union
Tailoring
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
fl When you buy your suits
(rom us you are doing so. We
employ union workmen only. >
*J In dealing with us you are
helping yourself in another way,
because you are assured of the
BEST FABRICS; the BEST
FIT and the MOST UP-TO-
DATE STYLES
AMERICAN
TAILORING
COMPANY
62 HAST1NCS ST. EAST
VANCOUVER.-  B. C.
to participate In municipal politics or
not, It doesn't look as though anything
definite would be done. Two of the
locals declared In .favor of the proposal, but did nothing tangible; the
other local Joined In piling up the
latter action of the former. The report was received, and the matter
dropped, at least until It will be too
late to do anything effective ln tbe
coming campaign; a repetition that Is
growing slmewhat hlary.
Clem,' Stubbs, president If District
18, United Mine Workers of Amerlcs,
was a visitor to the council and at one
was a visitor to the council and St
the request of President Kavanagh,
delivered a short address, much appreciated by the delegates.
Some ninety delegates were present,
and as there still remained conslder-
abl unfinished business at the usual
hour of adjournment it was decided to
adjourn the meeting till next Thursday
evening, Nov. 14, when the report of
the Parliamentary oommlttee will be
the first on the agenda.
Building Trades Counoll
Tbe reorganisation meeting for all
unions Interested In the future welfare
St the building Industry held In Labor
Temple on Monday evening last, was
fairly well attended,; about twenty-
four delegates, representing fifteen
unions, being present.,
The report of the committee appointed to draw up a preamble and
constitution was given and after being
amended by the meeting, the secretary was on motion Instructed to forward a copy to each union represented
for the approval oT their members. All
amendments to the proposed constitution to be in before the next meeting
which-wll lbe held ln Labor Temple on
Friday evening, November 15; 1912.
were; kept going round and a most enjoyable evening was spent, and one
which will result ln still further building up tbe organisation. The committee In charge evidently had worked
hard and deserve credit for their
work. Mr. H. Spear was chairman,
and was assisted by Messrs. 8. T. Scar
lett.'W. Heath, J. Oebhardt and J.
Jamleson. Messrs, Henderson, Blow-,
er, Harrott, Goodwin, Duncan and
Kelly supplied the musical Items and
recitations. Messrs; W. Wilkinson,
president of B. C. Federation of Labor, and W. R. Trotter, Trades Congress of Canada, delivered addresses
which were well received, the hesring
giving evidence tbst along with amusement snd refreshments the Sheet Metal Workers were willing to take s
serving of other material.
Painters, Local 138
All aboard for the Painters smoker
to be held In Labor Temple on Thurs' I
day evening, November 14. It Is .unfortunate for the Trades and Labor
Council, that they Intend holding a
"clean-up" meeting on the same evening, for funny as the meetings of that
body have been lately, .our smokers
have acquired a reputation for having
anything of a funny nature backed off
the map. We are some pumklns when
It comes to arranging smokers, Believe Muhl
With this Issue The Federatlonist
enters upon the fifth year of Its publication.
DONT NEGLECT
Your Appearance
MANY a man has lost
good opportunities for
advancement in life simply
beoause he did not dress
well. The price of stylish,
serviceable clothing' today
is so little that anyone can
afford it. If you doubt
this, oome to Our store.
We will prove it to your
satisfaction. .
TAILOR-FIf
CLOTHES
OAK HALL
613 Granville Street
Break Your Chains-
and go back
to the land
We Help You to Locate
160 ACRES
Homesteads ami Pre-Eroptions
in British Columbia
Western Farming & Colonization Co.
5 Winoh Building        LIMITED Vwcouvsr, B.O.
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
, MEN'S HATS ONLY
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
VANCOUVER,  B. 0.
HATS WITH THE
UNION LABEL
SI SHIRTS
OVERALLS
We want every w'or'rii gm 111 in Vanpoiiver .to visit ciir
stores and see for himself the very line stock of union made
garmi'nts carried here and all moderately priced.
SHIRTS—in fine pure wool flannel", serges, meltons and
military flannelettes; nil sizes. Price $1.75 to 2.75
SHIRTS—in the finer lines of bnokskings coards, fleece-
lined.   Suttens and waterproof lines, at $1 to «f A}
WORKINGMEN'S GLOVES—in the very best makes,
such as the H. B. K., Honson, Clark's MiA Vancouver
makes. Prices. 35c to $2.75
Canvas Gloves; our price, 4 pairs for.
25c
Headquarters  for Working-men's  Apparel
Look for the Red Artaw Sign
J. N. Hatvey
LIMITED
125-127 Hastings Street West
Also 614-616 Yates Street Victoria, B.C.
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
642 GRANVILLE STREET
TOBACCOS and CIGARS
Co-operation Moves the World
and the new buying, handling and selling system of the
Co-operative
Stores, Ltd.
(Store in the Labor Temple)
IS MOVING THE GREAT
BODY OF VANCOUVER
■CONSUMERS WITH IT
■     SsssssssssssslMBsssssspSssssssssssssssssssssssssJ
<| This store is owned and managed
by a number of co-operating, class
conscious workingmen for the benefit
of themselves, wives and families.
IJ Each month they get back a percentage of their purchases during
that month and each year they draw
dividends on the total profits besides.
There are numerous other advantages which you should know about.
•fl At present we handle only groceries, but in time it
lis our intention to branoh out into all other lines of
merchandise—meats, drygoods, boots and shoes, hardware, eto. We also intend to open several branoh
stores for the handling of meats, provisions, eto, in the '
outlying parts of the oity.
■tj Buy your groceries here—our stook is all fresh, new
and pure—no other kind kept, because our PRINCIPAL CUSTOMERS ARE OWNERS of the store.
H But whether you want groceries or not, come in
.and learn about the new co-operative merchandizing
isystem, whioh, it is expected, will substantially reduce
■ the cost of living to members and make possible a
greater industrial Vancouver.
Courteous Service and Prompt Delivery
Use the Phone — Ours is Seymour 6480
CO-OPERATIVE STORES
419 Dunsninir St
LIMITED
Vancouver, Can.
"Watch Us Grow" PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COtTJMBlA FEDERATIONIST
8ATURDAl'.....:!:,...rIOVBMBBR »,1M!
Money-Saving Prices
SSBMHHMHSSSSSSSSSSSSSSBSSlS^^aSpnSMSSSSBSSSSSSSSBSSSaSSBSSBBBSSBS
GROCERIES
FURNITURE
House Furnishings
See the Provinoe and Worid eaoh day for
full particulars
Catalogue nOW ready—Out of town customers
oan get the benefit of our low prices by sending name and
address for a copy.   A postcard will do."
The H. A. Edgett Co., Ltd.
Dept. F, Cor. Cambie & Pender Sts. Vancouver
We have been endeavouring to
place on the market the very
wants of working humanity, and
at last we have mirpassed all previous brands of overalls for reliability In every respect, ln producing for the many particular MEN
the famous
Whale Brand
"Size,   Strength,   Endurance"
OVERALLS
They are beyond question a
brand of overalls that "speak for
themselves." - The expert workmanship under careful, personal
supervision, renders a solid and
worthy reputation ONLY for the
"WHALE BRAND OVERALLS."
The pockets are made to suit you
and "THEY" are made to suit
your "POCKETS."
YOB ■ AM AT tOVS OLOTXZBB
On stale at all Clothing1 ud Ctente'
VualiUafi not*,
and by
A. WADDINGTON
lt*srOYAO*tTB»,
as Water St,     Yuuxraver, ». 0.
■aeons xajusows saioos construction will soon start. Buy now before
prices Jump; four large lots left; only
a blook from waterfront, right at Second Narrows; $550 each; quarter cash,
balance 6, 12, 18 months.    What will
■ these be worth when building begins?
Whltaker ft Whltaker, The North Vancouver Experts, 4S0 Howe street, Van.
couver.
FOB EXPERT
WATCH
and Jewelery
REPAIRING
CALL AND SEE
Geo. G. Bigger
143 Hastings Street West
How About That Photo
You Promised Your Friend ?
Western Studio
424 Main St. Formerly at 440
tajtcqtjtub, ». 6.
T«
OUSAND3
OF THESE BOOKS SELLING
Origin of Species, Darwin.... 20c
Age of Reason, Paine 20c
Eight Lectures, Ingersoll.... 20c
The People's Bookstore
162 Cordova W.
HEATERS
Stoves and Nice Warm
RUGS
for the cool weather at
W. TURNER
897 Granville Street Cor. Smythe
Phone Sey. 8749
MULCAHY'S CAFETERIA
THE BEST OF
EVERYTHING
137 Cordova Street W.
Basement Hotel Cordova
DIXON BROS.
Light and Heavy Hones
and Shetland Poniog for Sale
846 Hornby St.     Phone Sey. 793
QQ WITH
THE
BUNCH
TO THE
BRUNSWICK
POOLROOMS
Imperial Wine
Company
54 Cordova Street West
' Phone Sky. 955
Direct Importera of
TALISKER
WHISKY
Goods Delivered Free to all
parts of the city
A Credit to Union Workmanship
scUIIMRFRsc
CIGARS
Berry Bros.
Agents for Cleveland Cycles,
"Th* Bloyclt with th* Bapntatton"
Full line of accessories
Repairs promptly executed
fllfl XAf TXXOS ■«. 1.
Phone Seymour 7808
Rhymes of Revolt
Y WILFRID   GRIBBLE
est little volume of virile verse
8,
25c Specisl price for quantities
For Sele er Lsbor Temple Cigsr Store
We can furnishl Woo'i you id
YOUR HOMEl" tu,,our
41 Hastings Street W.
Phone Seymour 3687
BUY THAT NEW
HAT
Plenty of Union-made Hats
At the Leader $2 Hat
Store, corner Hastings
snd Abbott Sts. Here
you will find every conceivable style, color and
slie of union hats. You
have unrestricted choice
of thoussnds of hats,
soft or stiff, to select
from at one price—$2
—here Instead of paying more elesewhere.
Leader Exclusive
$2.00 Hat Store
S.W. Corner Hastings and
Abbott Streets
E. BURNS & CO.
Dealers in
Stoves and Metals
Housefurnishings
MECHANICS-
TOOLS OUR
• SPECIALTY
Stove Castings and Repairs Kept
in stock
138 Cordova St. East
INSIST ON HAVING IT
Harris Hair Tonic
Dandruff Cured or Money Back
B. O. BASBBBS SUPPLY CO.
S17 BOBSOB BTBBBT
Phone Sermon* 4401
WOMAN'S INTERNATIONAL
UNION  LASEL  LEAGUE
We desire to place before you a
plain business proposition. There Is
no limit to the extent of the sphere
of usefulness of the trade union. Ths
beneficent effects pf.the tcade union
are as bread to the universe. With
intelligent application and the gradual elimination of selfishness, the
trade union's work will overshadow
all other human alms ln the uplift
movement. Women recognize that
trade unions are protective organizations. They raise wages, prevent reductions, demand equal pay for equal
work, regardless of sex,, and seek to
establish a minimum wage for the
commonest kind of work. The trade
unton is a fraternal organization and
seeks to care for the sick, afflicted
md unemployed, and to care for the
iependents when the Grim Spectre
overtakes the natural broad-winner.
Tt Is an insurance company, a savings
>nnk, a legislative body, a direct leg.
slstlve league, a school of economics,
i debating society, a trial court, and
'ypifles an industrial democracy. It'
aises wages, shortens the hours of
tabor, reduces sickness, lengthens life,
md bas made life better worth living
for Its legion of members, Without
trade unions the condition of the tolling masses would be hopeless.
Women realize that Indirectly, If
not directly, they participate In all
the good that the trade unions have
accomplished, hence we have a selfish
as well as a humane interest In developing the trade union movement.
Cor the sole purpose of further advancing and promoting the trade unton movement, we have organized the
Women's International Union Label
League and Trade Union Auxiliary,
because our Interests and benefits
nrgely speaking, are of an Indirect or
secondary nature, we find it difficult
to enlist women ln our cause and ln
your cause. Women spend 76 or 80
per cent, of the family income, and
t taught to spend this for only union
label goods, they will wield a greater
Influence In organizing and holding
Intact the trade union movement than
even your paid organizers can do ln
that direction.
For these, and many other reasons,
we are making you a business proposition that should not be overlooked. We need your financial and mor-
il assistance. If you will aid us to
•he extent of giving at least 11.00,
we will place this money In an organization fund to put competent organizers on the road for the purpose
)f explaining the Women's Union Label League and the great good they
can accomplish, not only for trade
unionists, but for their immediate families. We feel that by carrying this
word right to the door ot the women
of our country that-we can interest
them, and thus make them, through
the money they expend, valuable
agencies In promoting, upbuilding and
holding intact the trade union movement. It we can properly organise to
any appreciable extent the women
with the purchasing power, lt wtll be
oi greater assistance to your organization than all other agencies combined, and a thousandfold cheaper. If
each one of the organizations connected with the American Federation of
Labor would give at least JJ1.00, lt
would create a fund that would enable us to thoroughly organise the
women of our country ln the League,
and make It one of the greatest bulwarks of strength and usefulness ln
the trade union movement that is conceivable.
We will be glad to send you as
many copies of this circular aB you
may require, and ask you to Inclose
one with the next general circular
you send to your members. This
means as much, If not more, to you
than It Is to us. We have the means
at our hands to be of wonderful service to. the trade unton movement.
Will you do your share In helping us
to put the movement on a proper basis?
Address Mrs. Anna B. Field, Hart-
ng block, Elwood, Ind.
Railwayman  After  Legislation.
Representations have been made by
labor. organizations to the Dominion
3overnment at Ottawa asking tor am-
andmonts to the Railway Act by which
ailways will become liable to pay
fixed suras for accidents to employees.
t is suggested that. fixed damages
be paid to widows whose husbands
have been killed while still ln the
performance of their duties, that fixed
lamages also shall be paid for par*
tlal and complete disability. It Is
pointed out that while constituting a
fixed protection for the men, the provisions would also do away with much
needless and expensive litigation, so
far as the companies are concerned.
"I thank you for the flowers you sent,"
she said.
And timidly she smiled and drooped her
head. i
"I am sorry for the words I spoke last
ritbhti
The flowers that you sent proved you
were rtKht.
Forgive me."   He forgave.
And ai they walked and talked beneath
the. bowers,
He wondered who ln sent her those
flowers.
STEAM BOILERS
INSPECTION ACT
Union
Tailoring
Union Men, Support
Your Own Principles
•J When you buy your suits
from us you are doing so. We
employ union workmen only.
«J In dealing with us you are
helping yourself in another way,
because you are assured of the
BEST FABRICS; the BEST
FIT and the MOST UP-TO-
DATE STYLES
AMER
CAN
TAILORING
COMPAHY
62  HASTINGS ST. EAST
VANCOUVER.    B.  C.
To. Editor B. C. Federatlonist:—
Upon the 'statute books of British
Columbia there stands' today an act
that is pointed to by politicians as a
piece of labor legislation, but which,
on a. close examination, proves to be a
stumbling block to the worker. This
statute Is entitled "An Act Respecting
the Inspection of Steam Boilers and
Engines, and the Examination and
Licensing of Engineers in Charge ot
Steam Boilers and Engines," or to give
it Its short title, "Steam Boilers Inspection Act, 1901."
A short examination of this Act reveals two things: First, that this Act
furnishes first-class cheap technical
advice to the owners of steam boilers
and engines; and second, that lt was
never at any time Intended to be of
benefit to the workers.
Now this Act, under Section 3, applies to all boilers and engines within
the province of B. C, except certain
specified exemptions, and among these
are boilers subject to inspection under
the Dominion "Steamboat Inspection
Act." Under this exception the boilers on scowb used for pile drivers,
derricks, etc., and operating right
along the shore, which boilers we find
the marine Inspectors claiming that
they do not have to Inspect and at
the same time-not allowing the provincial Inspectors to touch. Then,
again, also under this exemption we
find that boilers that have been condemned by the provincial Inspectors
on land, being taken out and Installed
on scows and being operated by men
who'have never been examined for
their competency to take charge ot
boilers, and this happening only a few
feet away from where the provincial
Inspectors have condemned them and
compelled their removal.
Then, again, heating boilers ln private residences are exempted, as lt a
boiler when lt explodes Is going to
take Into consideration whether lt Is
ln a rooming house or a private residence and behave accordingly.
Then a very careful examination ot
all the following clauses from Sec. 4
to Sec. 16, Inclusive, reveals that the
greatest care has been taken that
only the most competent and best
qualified men can become Inspectors,
and that they shall supervise boilers
right from the time of their construction, by examining the blue prints and
notifying manufacturers as to when a
boiler Is not being constructed properly for the work that Is liable to be
required ot lt, or when unfit material
Is being used in its construction. This
we find to be especially emphasized ln
Clause 2, Sec. 6 and Sec. 9.
Then under Sec. 7 we find that the
inspectors have to give the owners expert advice regarding repairs, and ln
fact to see that the owners are not
exposed to any dangers of having to
pay damages through holler explosions; and all of this for a mere nominal fee. Where and how could you
get as cheap or as competent technical advice?
Section 35 of the Act is always
pointed to as the clause under which
engineers are protected and made a
class by themselves far superior to
other classes of working men; but on
examination lt proves to be lust a collection of words to hide what lt really
means, and that meaning is nothing.
The particular joker which nullifies
the whole Act ln relation to the engineers Is this:   "Provided, however,
that the engineer in charge
Is absent from duty without fault or
collusion of the owners or any person
interested, then Such deficiency may
be supplied until, an engineer holding
such certificate can be obtained. . .
Temporary engineers must not
be employed for tnore than one month
without the consent ln writing of the
chief Inspector."-.'
The moment an engineer demands
more pay—and engineers as a whole
make a stand for It or for shorter
hours—the employer can claim that
he Is without anj'englneer through no
fault or collusion, on his part, and at
once put unlicensed and generally incompetent, men In their places, notify
the inspector ani at the end of thirty
days If the licensed men refuse to accept the job at the hours or wages
offered, the chief-inspector is compelled to give permission to the unlicensed man to operatg. Lots of protection
for licensed men!
. Clause 87 acts.detrimentally to the
Interests of the engineer, ss lt Is ln
the power of the) Inspectors to keep
the livelihood of the engineers at their
mercy.
Clause 2 of Section 35 Is also to a
great extent a take. Where sn unlicensed man hat been operating and
Is summonsed and fined from $100 to
$300, there Is absolutely no means of
collecting lt, as fn most cases the men
so acting Is only a common wage plug,
having nothing hut the clothes he
wears. How, then, Is lt to be collected, as Sec. 49 says: ". . . shall
levy the same by distress and sale of
the- goods and chattels of the offend-
er." If he has no goods and chattels,
what then?
The greater part of the Act Is taken
up with tbe amount of fees snd how
they are to be paid, and ln fact Is padded out to Buch an extent with such
material that It serves to hide from
the ordinary worker the fact that It
contains absolutely nothing ln lt of
any real practical use to htm.
This Act could he made ot real value
to the community, flrst, by being made
applicable to all hollers, whether-on
land or on scows within the provs)sV
second, hy making It absolutely necessary to have a licensed man ln charge,
regardless of whether men refuse to
work under the conditions Imposed by
the employer or not; third, by making the penalties for Infractions ot
the Act good stiff Jail sentences, both
for tbe employer and employed.
Vancouver, B. C. " F. B.
AtTIR  THI   IATTLE.
"The dismal horror of It (battle)
can best be observed when the actual
struggle .... over. The shsdow ot Impartial. Death visits friend and toe
alike. When a shocking massacre is
over, countless corpses covered with
blood He flat lh the grass and between
the stones. What a deep philosophy
their cold faces tell! When we saw
the desd it Nanahan we could not
help covering our eyes ln horror and
disgust. Some were crushed in head
and faoe. Their brains mixed with
dust and earth. The Intestines were
torn out and blood was trickling from
them. Some had photographs of their
wives and children In their bosoms,
and these pictures were spattered with
blood. After this battle we captured
some damaged machine guns. This
firearm was most dreaded by us. It
can be made to sprinkle Its shots as
roads are watered with a hose. It can
cover a larger or smaller space, or
Are to greater or less distance as the
gunner wills. If one becomes the target for this terrible engine of destruction, three or tour shots may go
through the same place,- making a
wound very large. And the sound It-
makes—Is like a powderloom. It Is
a sickening,' horrible sound 1 The
Russians regarded this machine as
their best friend. And It certainty
did very much as a means of defense,
.hey are wonderfully clever ln the
use of this machine. They would
wait until our men came very near
them, four or five ken only, and just
as we were ready to shout a trlum
phant "Bansall" this dreadful ma
chine would begin to sweep over us
the besom of destruction, the result
being hills and mounds of dsad. After
this battle we discovered one soldier
—who had no less tnan forty-seven
shots ln hts body. Another soldier of
a neighboring regiment received more
than seventy shots. These instances
prove how destructive Is the machine
gun. The surgeons could not locate
so many wounds. In one body, and
they Invented a new name, meaning
•Whole-body-honeycombed • with • gun-
wounds.' It was Invariably this machine gun that made us suffer most
severely. The bodies ot the brave
dead- built hill upon hill, their blood
made a stream tn the valley. Shattered bones, torn flesh, flowing blood,
were mingled with broken swords and
split rifles. What could be more
shocking thsn this scene i We jumped
over or stepped on the heaped up
corpses and went on, holding our
noses. What a grief It was to have to
tread on the dead bodies o our heroic
dead! What a horrible sight! Their
bodies piled up two or three or even
four deep. A sad groaning came from
the wounded who were buried under
the dead. When this gallant assault-
ingn column had pressed upon the one
my's ferts, steplpng over the bodies
of their dead comrades' bodies, the terrific and skillful fire of the machine
guns had killed them all, close by the
forts, piling the dead upon the wounded. After a while the shells began to
buret briskly above our heads. Per
mission balls fell around us and hurled
up smoke and blood together. Legs,
hands and necks were cut into black
fragments and scattered about. I shut
my eyes."—Quoted by George R. Kirk-
Patrick ln "War—What For?" from T.
Sakural's book, "Human Bullets."
HE HAS A SNAP
probation on the general strike Is a
dub, ln the opinion of the advanced
and progressive thinker who knows
the efficacy of a strike that covers a
continent.
Another member of organised labor
halls sabotage and direct action aa the
means to deliver the solar-plexus blow
to capitalism, and the labor editor who
falls to comprehend the potency of
destroying property while working, Is
a "Rube" who should be sentenced to
serve a million years in some alfalfa
field where his Ignorance would not
jar the brilliancy of geniuses who pro
pose to whip a master class by putting
sand ln sugar and throwing a little
extra Bait and pepper into the "Mulligan stew" of epicurean aristocracy.
Another valiant soldier ln labor's
ranks, who has become almost desperate through the brutal wrongs of
an exploiting system, thunders his denunciation against political action by
screaming, "Hit the ballot box with an
axe," and If you fall to sanction his
remedy for the Ills that afflict the
working class, you sre a spineless nonentity and you lack the aggressiveness
to tame the beasts In the jungle of
greed.
Still another discards the unity, of
labor on the Industrial Held, and urges
the political solidarity ot the tolling
millions ere the limbs of labor shall
be tree from the chains of wage
slavery.
The labor editor must contend with
these diversified opinions, and while
being reviled by every paid vassal
who draws a salary from the coffers of
capitalism, must look pleasant while
being censured and maligned by many
of the class whose cause he upholds
with all the genius of hla pen and with
all the eloquence of his tongue.
Yes, the labor editor has surely got
a snap.—Miners' Magaslne.
TRAIL MILL AND SMELTERMEN'S
Union, No. lot, W. F. of M.—Meets
every Monday at 7:10 p.m. Presldsnt,
George castell; secretary, Frank 'Campbell, Box It, Trail, B. C.
The editor of a labor publication,
particularly an official organ, Is pre-
sumed by some to have a snap and to
tread a pathway of roses. But the
man or woman who entertains the
opinion that the labor editor sleeps
upon a bed of roses or that ln his
waking hours he has glimpses of Paradise, has but little conception of the
vocation of the man who Is using his
brain to build up an army ot workers
that will yet raise the flag of industrial
liberty over the shattered ruins of
economic slavery.
confronted with
and  lt  Is
labor editor
ivery man who
ilutton for this
ages.
sd labor, her-
only through.
the workers
labor editor
label ef MS as-
D0N7NEGIECT
Your Appearance
1V4ANY a man has lost
"* good opportunities {or
advancement in life simply
because he did not dress
well. The prioe ot stylish,
serviceable clothing today
is so little that anyone can
affbrd it. If you doubt
this, oome to our store.
We will prove it to your
satisfaction.
TAILOR-FIT
CLOTHES
OAK HALL
»13 Granville Street
Break Your Chains-
and go back
to the land
We Help Tou to Locate
160 ACRES
Homesteads and Preemptions
in British Columbia
Western Farming & Colonization Co.
5 Winch Building       LIMITED      ' Vancouver, B.C.
"Best Three Dollar Hat on Earth"
Richardson & Potts
MEN'S HATS ONLY
417 Granville Street, Phone 3822
VANCOUVER,  B.  0.
HATS WITH THE
UNION LABEL
UMads] SHIRTS
OVERALLS
We want every workii gman in Vancouver to visit our
stores and see for himself the very fine stock of union-made
garments carried here and all moderately priced.
SHIBTS—in fine pure wool flannels, serges, meltons and
military flannelettes; all sizes Price $1.75 to 2.75
SHIBTS—in the finer lines of buckskings coards, fleece-
lined,   Suttens and waterproof lines, at spl to tfA}
WORKINGMEN'S-GLOVES-in the very best makes
such as the H. B. K., Houson, Clark's and Vancouver
makes. Prices    35c to $2.75
Canvas Gloves; our price, 4 pairs for.
25c
Headquarters  for Workingmen's  Apparel
Look for the Red Arrow Sign
J. N. Harvey
LIMITED
125-127 Hastings Street West
Also 614-616 Yates Street Victoria, B.C.
Padmore's Big Cigar Store
642 GRANVILLE STREET
TOBACCOS and CIGARS
Co-operation Moves the World
and the new buying, handling and selling system of the
Co-operative
Stoves. Ltd.
(Store in the Labor Temple)
IS MOVING THE GREAT
BODY OF VANCOUVER
CONSUMERS WITH IT
tfl This store'is owned and managed
by a number of co-operating, class
conscious workingmen for the benefit
of themselves, wives and families.
f[ Each month they get back a percentage of their purchases during
that month and each year they draw
dividends on the total profits besides.
There are numerous other advantages which you should know about.
•3 At present we handle only groceries, but in time it
is our intention to branch out into all other lines of
merchandise—meats, drygoods, boots and shoes, hardware, eto. We also intend to open several branoh
stores for the handling of meats, provisions, eto. in the
outlying parts of the oity.
•J Buy your groceries here—our stook is all fresh, new
and pure—no other kind kept, because our PRINCIPAL CUSTOMERS ARE OWNERS of the store.
vj But whether you want groceries or not, oome in
and learn about the new co-operative merchandizing
system, whioh, it is expected, will substantially reduce
the cost of living to members and make possible a
greater industrial Vancouver,
Courteous Service and Prompt Deliveryy
Use the Phone — Ours is Seymour 6480
CO-OPERATIVE STORES
LIMITED
Hitch Us Grow"
Vancouver, Can.
mat

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