BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The British Columbia Federationist Jan 17, 1919

Item Metadata

Download

Media
bcfed-1.0345590.pdf
Metadata
JSON: bcfed-1.0345590.json
JSON-LD: bcfed-1.0345590-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcfed-1.0345590-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcfed-1.0345590-rdf.json
Turtle: bcfed-1.0345590-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcfed-1.0345590-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcfed-1.0345590-source.json
Full Text
bcfed-1.0345590-fulltext.txt
Citation
bcfed-1.0345590.ris

Full Text

Array THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
(NDUBTBIAL DMITIi BTMNtTH
OITIOIAL PAPEB: VANCOUVER TBADBB AMD LABOB COON UL, AND B. C. FBDEBATION OP LABOB
2
POLITICAL UNITT!  VIOTOBT
ELEVENTH YEAR.  No. 3        EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY IJORNING, JANUARY 17,1919
V_____l__ JIJBO PER YEAi
DEMAND RECALL
OF
Censorship and Intervention
in Siberia Is Condemned
at Mass Meeting
W. A. Pritchard and J. Taylor Score the Attempts to
Crush Democracy
Thore was no uncertainty in tho attitude of tho audience (which filled the
Columbia Theatre to capacity last Sunday evening) regarding the obnoxious
orders-in-council issued from timo to
time by tho Government of Cunada,
They showed in a definite manner their
unqualified opposition nnd woro in full
accord with tho speakers who addressed
the moeting. The meeting was, without doubt, tho best yet held in the Columbia and the Victoria Trados and
Labor Council is to be congratulated
on its efforts towards tho redress of
existing restrictions.
Mr. J. Stevenson was chairman. Mr. |
J. Taylor, who wus tho first speaker, |
dealing with the subject of tho Mili- j
tary Servico -Act, nnd the release of all i
( prisoners oonvlcted undor that act, suid
ho held no brief for the conscientious i
objector as far aa hin objections wcro
concerned, for while it waa easy to
cheer with tho crowd, yot it required
courage for u man to stund up for his
convictions when his liborty and even
lifo was in jeopardy. Down through
tho ages men hnvo shown themselves
ready to take tho stand for whnt they
bolieved was right. Bruno had suffered
at I he stnko becauso of his adherence
to scientific knowledge in faco of tho
ignorance uud sUporstition of the ruling
class. Latimer, Ridley, Gallilico woro
men who hnd the courage of their convictions und hnd boon martyred and
ostracized because they dared to differ
with tho ruling class of their time; it
had been snid that the end justified
the means, but while wo look buck
with horror on tlio Spanish Inquisition
and similnr 'institutions, yet right in
our midst, in theso days of so-callod
civilization and reason, methods wero
boing applied which wcro equul in
every respoct to those of the times
known us the dark ages. Wo had been
taught in our youth that wherever lho
British ilag flies thero was freedom
and democracy. If it wero truo that
tho war had been waged in,tho into
CBt of democracy, then ussuredly it was
high time we had somo evidence of it
hero in Canada.
Mr. W. A. Pritchard of Vancouver
gave Ihe audience ono of tho most interesting and instructive lectures that
hud been listened  to in  Victoria for
some considerable timo.    Ho handled
his subjoot dealing with Ihe censorship
regulations and tlio Siborlan invasion
in a manner that was appreciated by
all present, us was evidenced by thc
marked attention and enthusiastic applause wliich was given to the utterances of tho speaker.   Air. Pritchard
stilted that although ho   was  prosdnt
thero as a member of tho Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council, yet ho could
not disassociate himself from another
political party, the Socialist Party of
Canada, whose official organ had been
suppressed, and wns   convinced   that
down in Ottawa thoro was   a   great
amount of censorship but very Tittle
souse.   Thc censor had said that tho
Clarion was guilty of treasonable and
seditious utterances and   produced   a
number of excerpts, as ovidenco, from
issues between September,   11)17,   and
January, 1918, a year previous to tho
ban!   As far as tho Socialist Party of
Canada was concerned, it was determined to adhere to tho policy of publication, and was not going to be dictated to by a 17th century' troglodite.
Ho might curtain their actions in  tho
mountimo but ho    could   uot   control
thcir   thinking   power,   for   no   man
thinks unto himsolf j the basis of human society ia u collective basis, sinco
all work collectively.   Back in history
undor the landed aristocracy (he slogan
wus freedom; unbind tlie serf, that ho
might go to tho factory.   It. was the
■ same in Franco over the entrance to
overy French law court, museum, and
even jails wen- the three words, Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, placed there in
tho days of tho revolution, and then,
as  now,  the  bourgeoise hud to havo
someone to got liberty for lliem.   Buck
in 1015 Lloyd George, whon appcaliug
to labor unions regarding dilution of
labor, said, "Wc can lose the war without you, but without you   wo   can't
win."   Thoy ean do anything wilh us,
but without us they can do nothing.
Recently tho Vancouver Sun hnd do*
' fined u bourgeois as one who woro a
white collar uud had a  tooth  brush.
Thut wns nearer the truth   than   tho
writer of that statement imagined, for
no one could work nnd wear a whito
collar, for despite nil tho inflated ideas
about education tho working class only
.received that which was necessary to
' their efficiency as profit producors; for
- as tho simple hand tools evolved so
I education had to keep puce, and now
' that steam power is becoming obaolote,
.and electrical force moro   and   moro
used, when continents aro joinod by
■ aerial route, whon messages oro flash*
ed around the world in a fow seconds,
when the countries arc gridironed with
railways to haul around thc produco of
tho slavos, with all this can a band of
, reactionaries *ay wo shall not enquiro.
into biology or ethnology,
In tho universities of Europe, only
' ono American was   recognized   as   a
i sciontcst, and that ono wns L. H. Mor*
, gan, author of "Ancient Society,"  a
\ man who bad lived with and sudied
1 the Iroquois tribes, a work   on   ethnology, and yet Colonel Chambers says
wo Bhall not read it.   Wo shall not bo
I allowed to look into   Marx'   Capital,
Continuing, ho said thero were several
reasons for lho upparent lack of desire to launch un    offensive   against
Russia.   Ono was tho universal outcry
i by tho working olaas againat such action, and tho question as to whother
tho workers could be fooled into attacking Russia.   Tho Canadian govern
tie Workers Resent In-
erence With Protest
feting Last Sunday
nday tho Seattlo workers held
jr protest nieeting against in*
_n Bussia.  As usual tht •■*■
thoritu ' •*.tompted to break up tho
mooting, and somo of tho limbs of the
law got hurt in tho attempt. As a rosult of this interference tho Seattlo
trados unionists as represented by tho
central body, are demanding the punishment of the offenders. Resolutions
demanding tho removal of tho chief of
polico, and tho recall of Mayor Ole Hansen, unless tho offenders uro punished,
were passed. Mayor Hansen appeared
before tho central body and was tho
target for a regular fusilado of bitter
denunciations and questions as to the
affair. As usual, although the meeting
was called by tho organized labor
movement, tho press was on the job vil-
lifying tho workers, nnd by tho designation of tho meeting as an I. W. W.
mooting, an attempt was mado to discredit it as being a meeting . of a
bunch of rowdies. The tactics, however, failed, and somo oction will havo
to bo taken to punish tho over-zealous
guardians of tho "low" before organized labor in tho Sound City will bo
appeased.
"ON THE RAMPAGE"
STEAM ENGINEERS AND
INDUSTRIAL UNIONISM
Meetings Will eB Held in New Westminster to Givo the Members in
That District a Chance
Tho attendance at tho last regular
meeting of tho ubovo local was the
largest for some lime and considerable
interest wus taken in tho various matters that camo up for discussion. Under the heading "good of the order,"
whero j.5 minutes nro sot aside for discussing various matters of importance
to tho union, Brother W. Head gave a
fall; ou industrial unionism, and pointed out that thc old form of craft union-
ism was practically usolesa in so far as
tho workors were unablo to fight tho
combined forces of capital, and obtain
any advantage thereby, and ho showod
in a scientific mannor that it was necessary for tho workers to organize industrially, and act politically in thoir own
interests, unless they desired to continuo to livo in fonr of want and load
un intolerable existence.
Membors who are working aud living in Now Westminster district have
arranged to hold meetings on tho second and fourth Fridays of every
month, in New Westminster, Labor
Hall, corner of Seventh nnd Queen's
Avenue. Tho meetings will commence
at ■** p.m. and nil members living iu
tilts district who cun attend should do
so and take aa active interest in trying to bring about tho industrial democracy that is necessary to insuro security from want, and also bring the
peace and happiness into this world so
long desired by tho workers.
Gas Workers j
Tho bi-annual election of officers of
tho above locul was held iu Boom 204
Labor Temple on Wednesday, January
8, 1019. Balloting resulted as follows:
President und business ngent, Bro. J.
Friend; vico-president, Bro. J. E. Rose;
recording secrotary, Bro. Arthur Watson; financial secretary and treasurer,
Bro. J. McCallum; guide, Bro. W. D.
Major; sorgcaut-at-arms, Bro. Harry
Knuth,
Owing to the Christmas and New
Year holidays this local has not met
for a month and a lot of business had
to bo got through. Tho new officers
were installed by tho retiring presidont, Bro. Hogg, and three new members initiated.
ALBERTA FAVORS
E
Ann this is the my
THE WOUtC-V IS/WOE TO fUL
UuRi.v( a syMPATM ar/iiKE
WrltN 1/10017
IS UOLOIHC,   Will.
ArTtNUW  /MSJT/AKJS
iȣ ny qoti or
•BoiswyiK.) J! J
B.C. FEDERATION
ISL
Officers of Provincial Organization Will Meet
Government
R. P. PETTIPIECE
AT REX SUNDAY
Dr. W.J. Curry Will Be the
Speaker at the Broadway Theatre
New Westminster Trades Council
At tho last meeting of tho Now Westminster Trades and Labor Council, the
following officers were elected: Prosidont, Geo. Cameron; vice-president, If.
Knudson; secrotary, W. Yates; treasurer, Ti O'Brien; sergeant-at-arms; C.
Knudson; trustees, K. Morgan, J. Feeney and K. A. Stoney.
Piledrivers
Murray McDonald, a member of tho
Pllcdi'ivors and Wooden Bridgemen's
Union, was buried on Wednesday.
Bro. McDonald Wftfl at the time ho was
seized with the "llu" stationed at
North "Vancouver with lho military
forces.
Tho executive officers of tho British
Columbia Federation of Labor aro still
hammering at the logislativo programmo luid down at tho last convention. A meoting has boon arranged for
this morning between the Cabinet and
tlio executivo officers resident on tho
coast. Among other matters that will
be dealt with aro tho questions nris-
ing out of thc increasing number of'
unemployed in thu province, and thc
question of the' opening of company
towna. This latter matter is ono that
tho executivo will push to the limit,
lho company (owns of this province
being nothing more nor less than veritable slave encampments. In theso
places men are not allowed to recoivo
copies of tho Fed. in some instances,
and constant complaints arc being made
to tho officers of tho Federation as to
tho conditions which prevail. Better
sanitary regulations and medical attention for logging nnd other camps
will also bc demanded.
Last Sunday the Bos was packed to
hear J. S, .Woodsworth.    On   Sundny
J.
SPEAK AT ROYAL
W. W. Lefeaux WiU Be the
Speaker   at   the
Columbia
Western  Conference  Will
Convene in Calgary     .
Labor Temple
At the annual convention of the Alberta Federation of Labor, held last
wook, tho proposod Western Conference
wns discussed. The convention wont
on record as unanimously endorsing
the proposal. Socrotary- Smitten, of tho
Alberta Federation of Labor, has wired
Secretary Wells of thc B. C. Federation
of Labor, asking for the date of'tho
conference In his wire, ho intimates
that ovory effort will bo made by the
movement in Alberta and Saskatchewan to get delegates out, and to make
a success of the gathering of western
Labor men. The official call for the B.
C. Federation of Labor convontion, and
tho Western Labor Conference will be
issued within tho next week or so. It
would have been out this week, but
with Secretary Midgley of the Western
Conference committeo sick, and Chairman Bees of the same committeo with
a sick family on his hands, it has been
impossible for them to got together.
Thc officers of thc B. C. Federation of
Labor, and tho committee aro working
together, and a joint call will bo issued
to cover tho provincial convention, and
tho Western Conference. The date sot
for thc convention is March 10. The
conference will convene on tho 13th.
Arrangements have been made for the
both gatherings to be held in the Labor
Temple, Calgury.
CARPENTERS HAVE A
SPLENDID  MEETING
Local 617 of tbe U. B. Carpenters Is
Looking to the Future as
Well As tho Present
Local 617 Carpenters, met in regular
session on Monday evening, when a
crowded house and much business kept
tho meeting till 11 p.m. Since last
mooting, we havo. to record tho death
of u valued member of thc local, Bro. F.
H. Soady, who passed out on January
2, at Nanaimo. Business Agent Thomas wont over nnd attended lo thc funeral arrangements and personal cffcctB
of tho, deceased brother.
President Bro, M. McKenzie is
T.MNCILHEID
BUSY MEETING
UST NIGHT
Long Hours of Nurses at
General Hospital Cause i
of Debate
Mothers' Pensions Delegation Reports on Interview
Held With Premier     *
The Trades and Labor Council held
a late and lively sossion last night*
Somo 65 newly-elected delegates, representing 20 unions, took thcir . scat-%
making an attendanco of 133 member*
Thc quostion of nurses being overworked at the General Hospital waa
freely ventilated, when it was pointed
out that 12 hours now comprised tho
prevailing work-day in thut institution. In fact, tho crowded condition
of the hospital compelled those look*
ing after the " flu" cases to bc on duty
18 and 20 hours, Despite tho fact that
some of tho nurses objected to uny pro*
poaed investigation, the council was decidedly of thc opinion that something
should bo done whereby tho stuff could
be relieved from so much work. Ono
delegato thought thut tho six-hour
work-day as advocated by some of the
trades should also apply to hospital*
It was decided to request Attorney*
General Farris that when ho makes his
appointment to tho management hoard}
that ho include tho following nominees
of tho council: C. S. Cassidy, Mis* ■
Gutteridgo and 0. W. McFarlan.
Explanation Sought
Brotherhood of Curpenters, No. 1S03,
submitted a resolution, unanimously
passed by that body, that Secretary
Midgley of tho Trades and Lubor Council, in speaking to u resolution dealing
with nomination of officers and forming a committeo to meet the returned
soldier bodies, created a wrong impression by insinuating that they
emanated from a discredited member
of tho labor movement. That he sub'
stuntiato his statement by naming tho
man und giving his proofs.
Delegato J. W. Wilkinson stated
that the shipwrights considorod the assertion of Secretary Midgley that "tho
cur murks of a discredited member of
orgunized labor," etc., was not war-
 b     ---.- ,       _ , copies of the "Red Flag
mont could uot trust conscripts, so Ihey j posed of.
aent volunteers, and, vico-versa, lho
conscripts could not be trusted to suppress tho workers ut homo, und they
were going to withdraw the volunteers,
To suppress lho Soviets now was a
vast task, and evon if thoy did succeed iu overthrowing them, they could
never suppress thu conditions that gavo
rise to the Soviets. No power ou earth
could givo the workers of Russia more
than they had now, and tho master
class was historically unfitted for tho
tusk of handling Russia,
Tho future lay with thc workers
alone. The master class is intellectually .bankrupt as thoy are financially
bankrupt, Because socioty needs the
means of production in order to live.
In conclusion Mr. Pritchard contrasted the tyranny which has prevailed in Canadu, with the democracy in
those ■ countries whero tbo alogan was
"All powor to tho Workmen und Soldiers' Councils," Tho censorship still
exists, but it ia going to be lifted. Tho
workers ahould take counsol together;
we have faith in our class and we
can rely on lho intelligence of thoso
with whom wo work to decide.
Resolutions covering thu questions
discussed were aubmitlcd and unanimously adopted, and tho chairman called on tho meeting to show where thoy
stood by giving three cheers for lho
"Bolsheviki" and Spurtacans, a ro*
quest which met with a ready und enthusiastic response, A collodion
amounting to $48,50 was taken and tho
local Socialists took advantage of tho
occasion to soil literature, ovor 400
boing dis*
CIGARMAKERS TAKE
STEPS TO PROSECUTE
Tucketes Are to Be Proceeded Against
for Using a Bogus
Label
Cigarmakers Joint Advisory Board of
Canada have engagod Mr. O'Donohuo,
solicitor for thc Trados and Labor Congress of Canada, and Mr. O'Reilly, of
Hamilton, to prosecute tho Tucketts
Cigar Co. for issuing an imitation blue
label cut on their pustoboard boxes,
which is used for ndvertis'ng purposes,
This shows the extent that firms will
go to decoive tho purchasing public,
Running u scab shop and using dummy
boxes with a lithographed bluo label.
At any rate, it is a confession that thc
blue label of thc Cigarmakers is un asset to any firm, or they would nover
have used it on the advertising. This
damage suit will give tho Cigarmakers
Union a great deal of favorable publicity, and tho non-union firm of Tucketts
a black eye. Tho readers of Thu Fed-
orudoiiist will lie appraised of the outcome of the caso in due timo. In tho
meantime shun the Tucketts goods as
you would the flu.
S. U. B. CARPENTERS
EDUCATIONAL MEETINGS
First of These Series to Be Held on the
24th—J, 0. Smith Leaves
for Toronto Tuesday
The A. S. U. B. Carpenters, Local
2647, hold their regular meeting on
Tuesday evening. A number of members were admitted, and a considerable
amount of routine bUBiness was transacted. Thc commuincntions from thc
Shipwrights on the election of tho Motal Trades executive, and other matters
pertaining to the Trndes Council were
received and filed. The proposals of a
special committee, covering a programme of special educational meetings for
the winter months, was adoptod, and
the firat of this series of meetings will
bo held on Friday, tho 24th, in tho
Labor Temple, nnd it is oxpected that
thero will bo a good attendance.
President J. G. Smith, who was re
contly elected lo represent the western
membership on the advisory council,
leaves on Tuesday to attond a meeting
of that body. The meeting this year
will bo held in Toronto.
night, when both meetings held by the I their obligation in mind and spare an 1 explanation.   He wished tu know what
Socialist Party of Canada wero oxcep- uour occasionally to visit theso broth-  the secrotary had in mind   when   bo
■ ••   J* -   * r   I*""*. I win/In   th-nt:   -..m.=«•_..      Wo   utinnlil    " <1a-
the sick list ,owing to a slight uccident j
That tho working class of Vancou- at U» <-™I>-*>y'*-ft. but hopes to bo
b .y     . around again in a few days.
ver are waking up to the necessity of     ^^ ^^ An]tcU) McNeUl u   nw „	
next R. P. Pettipicco will bo the speak- acquiring a knowledge of scientific So-  ttlld Cuuliffo woro ulso reported sick, ranted by tho facts.   Such an insinuo-
or at this theatre, tho chair being taken cialism, was domonstrutcd lust Sunday and members  aro   roininded   to  keep tion should not bu lut drop without duo
by Birt Showier.   At tho Broadway Dr.            '  *       * " '     "     4 •.«.   « ««-  -««%.«««   „_._i____.„„    «_       _..____. __...._.
W. J. Curry will spoBjk on "Bolshevism,
Its Cause and Cure.\ The chair will
be taken at this meeting by tho secrotary of tho party, W. It. Trotter. On
Wednesday night a meeting of the
South Hastings branch of tho party
was held, Charles Lestor being the
speaker. G. F, Stirling has organizod
a brauoh of thd parly at Salmon Arm,
and in tho near future a branch will
bo opened at Summerland. From all
parts enquiries aro being mndo as to
Ihe necessary steps to bo taken to organize politically, and tho workers of
the province are more interested at this
timo than ever in tho history of tho
movement.
tionally -*oll attended.
Last Sunday was the initial meeting
at the Columbia theatre, and the now
venture of the party was fully justified
by tho results that were attained. There
is every indication that in tho course
of ti few more weeks they will again
find themselves forced to look for still
another thoatre. If necessary, that
course will ho followed.
Noxt Sunday, J. Smith will be tho
speaker at tho Royal, tho subject:
"Why This Bolshevism 1"
At thc Columbin, W. W. Lefeaux
will be the speaker, subject, "Bolshevist Psychology,"
Doors open at 7:30 p. m., chair taken
at 8 p. m, sharp. The usual custom will i
be followed—after the speakers havo \
delivered thcir addresses, lho meetings
will bo thrown open for questions and!
discussion.
Teamsters and Track Drivers of New
Wcstminstor.
Organized labor ill the Royal City ia
asked to remember lhat C, A. Walsh,
after agreeing to the wnge schedule of
tho union has deliberately broken his
agreement by employing non-union men
nnd firing his union drivers because
they would not sign an agreement to
work under union wages, tho Model
Grocery also does not employ union
drivers. Tho only firm that has kept its
agreement with the' Teamsters und
Truck Drivers Union is the Annandale
Supply Co., and organized labor is asked
to remember this when purchasing their
household supplies, an organizing campaign is now boing carried on with the
object of getting all the teamsters and
truck drivers organized, your assistance
will be appreciated, Ask for tho button
and insist on tho man delivering your
goods wearing one.
United Warehousemen's Association
A mass meoting of tho association
will bo held on Friday ovening, January 17, at 8 o'clock, A full attendance
of tho membership is requested, aa lho
mooting will bo of special itnercst to
Metal Trades Council
Tho Metal Trades Council haa pre-
nentul the new wago award made by
Adjuster Macdonald to J. J. Coughlan
& Sons. A meoting has been arranged
botweon the firm nnd tho executive for
this afternoon, whou the mutter will
bu fully gone into.
LABOR TEMPLE
MEETINGS FOR
COMING WEEK
SUNDAY, Jan. 10—Soft Drink
Dispensers, Dominion Express
Employ oos.
MONDAY, Jan. 20—Machinists
No. 720, Tolephono Operators,
Tailors' Executive, Policemen,
Steam Engineers, Electrical
Workers, Boilermakers.
TUESDAY, Jan. 21—Brewery
Workers, Oflico Workers,
Butchers and Meat Gutters,
Locomotive Firomon nud En-
giuomen,
WEDNESDAY, Jun. 22—Gas
Workers. Motal Trados Council, Boilormakors, Examining
Beard, Laundry Workers,
Teamsters and Chauffeurs.
THURSDAY, Jan. 23—Caulkers,
Machinists No. 182, Sheet
Motal Workers, Painters, Shipwrights.
FRIDAY, Jan. 24—Amalgamated
Carpenters, Pilo Drivers and
Wooden Bi'ldgomoii, Jewellery
Workers, Boilermakers' Execu
tivo, Shipyard
Plumbers, Mill
Workers.
Laborers,
and   Factory
SATURDAY, Jan. 25-Bakers.
SOFT DRINK DISPENSERS
TO HAVE DANOE
Elect Officers for Coming Tear—Oood
Progress Is Being
Made
The Soft Drink Dispensers Union at
tho lust regular meeting elected and installed thc following officers:
President, Frank McCannj vice-president, Georgo Moroncy; secrotary and
business agont, Wm. Mottishaw; treasurer, Chas. Leer; inspector guard, Vnl.
Heritier; trustees, Wm. E. Cook, W. 0.
R. Baker, Win, Matthews; delegates to
Trades nud Labor Council, Mottishaw
and MCcCann.
The membership has increased from
XI lo 100 since transfer of charter from
Bartondors to Soft Drink Dispensers in
April, 11)18.
Thoro will be an increaso in tho
monthly dues from $1.00 per month lo
$1.50 per month, commencing Fobrunry
1, JDlii; next regular meeting, Sunday.
January 10, at s n, tn.
The Soft Drink Dispensers Union
will hold a danco on Thursday, January
80, 1010, in tho Auditorium, Dominion
Hall, D30 Pender stroot west. An Invitation is extended to members of organized labor, A good time is assured.
Holdon's orchestra. Tickets, gents, 50
cents nad ladies, 25 cents.
?rs. j made that remark.    Ho should "do-
Owing to a falling off in membership, liver tho goods" by naming ihe man
tho executive committee wero instruct-} ho referred to at tho previous meeting,
ofl to devise some menus to keep tho j In view of the fact   that   Secretary
niombership together, it being felt that
the organization will have u pretly
tough fight; in the months to eome, und
the burdon should bo carried by thc
carpenters working collectively, for it
is evident that if wo need a strong organization during times o'f good trade,
it is doubly needed, when tho job hunters season is oa us.
Delegates to the Carpenters District
Council reported that tt movement \\_,a
foot to amalgamate all the carpentors' locals, both in the building trades
ami tho shipyards under one common
District Council, the idea being heart-,
ly endorsed by this local. Arising out
of the report of the Tradea and Labor
Couneil, it was decided to retain any
further monies received from the assessment on account of the lnundry
striko, until tho plan proposed by thc
mntral body of assessing all the unions
affiliated, was adopted.
Our next meeting being a specially-
called meeting, thc locnl decided to auction off thc lato Bro. J. Robinson's
toola; same having been donuted by
Bro, Burns of the Molders, who held
the winning ticket when tho tools wore
raffled.
The membership wus increased by
the n thli tion of nine new brothers.
After various matters of routine business had been dealt wilh, the meeting
adjourned at 11 p. m.
ho
tho
Teamstors and Chauffeurs Union.
The second annual whist drive nnd
dnnco will bo held in Lester Court on
Friday, February 7, membors of organized lahor that were present at the lust
one held by the Teamsters will need
no second invitation, and will benefit
by getting iheir tickets early, us no
bt
more (lnu
modutcd will be ndd. '
last mooting passed it
drawing tho attention
general and  ihe pollc
tn tho      	
Western Federation of Postal Employees
Tho local branch of lho Postal Employees decided by a referendum vote
of tho membership to apply for affiliation to the Trades aud Lubor Council,
us a new organization. This means the
uniting of tin- Letter Curriers and Railway Mail Clerks organizations, (who
arc ulreudy affiliated with the council),
and taking in lho Post Oflico Clerks,
Increasing tho affiliated membership to
the council from 170 to .'.50. Tho branch
also decided to affiliate with tho B. C.
Federation of Labor. The first convention of the now federation is to convene at Saskatoon, commencing Monday, Feb. 10, 1010. Delegates, F.
Knowles, tl. E. Jones, A. Sparrow and
E. Bowes, with a further delegato to
represent the Railway Mail Clerks, aro
going from Vancouver.
Midgley wus again down with
"ilu," the speaker moved that
matter lay on tho tablo.
Delegate C. it. Wholfams pointod out
that British Columbia luid sent- somo
34,000 soldiers to lho from; of which
it was estimated that besides the soldiers already hero some 20,000 morq
would come back, and it was not good
puliey to antagonize this force, although a great majority of whom wero
of themselves. Friciion between tho
soldiers nud organized labor wouid su.t
omployers admirably.
"J. Roid and several other dclegutes
spoke, when Delegato Alexander supported the contentions of Ihe soontary,
and moved thut the letter of protest
from tho carpenters be filed.
Delegate Kavanagh said thut tho
"cap seems to fit someone all right."
Secretary Midgley had the courage of
his convictions to criticize u certain
unsigned lotter sent out to the organizations.
Delegate Pritchard favored filing
the letter. Another delegate suid that
the capitalist press was not a friend
of the soldier, who must come back to
the ranks of labor to earn a livelihood.
Delegate J. Smith—If the council
sent only thoso representatives lo meet
soldier organizations that were acceptable we might just as well send a
representative to suit thu IjobsI
(Laughter.)
Dolegates Younghash and Thomas
spoke briefly, when the resolution ot
the carpenters was filed.
Geo. Gray asked privilege to submit
a proposition to the council re nlief
to unemployed. Secretary will reply.
A legal firm wrote thui one .\le\dnin,
n laboror, was dismissed from his job
on tho Canadian Pacific Railway, and
left, stranded at Wnlhacin,
miles from Vancouver. II*-
Vancouvor, and hus since bi
fur his wages. This to bo
filled to ihe Minister of Labor at
Ottawa.
The United Warehousemen 'a Association forwarded resolution to counoll
in effect that nil agroemonts with em-
i :iOO
ed to
lilting
he local at their
Iroiig resolution
of the attorney
q commissioners
roekloss driving nuw being carried on by boys without automobilo licenses und asking that the ago limit he
raised from 17 to 21 yenrs and that all
applicants for licenses to drive uuto-
mobiles be made to undergo an examination as to thoir ability to drivo nn^ )lc »mng^ f„ terminate ut
not expose the public to the danger* of 0M [il|(! lhfi sumc. t|m0t
reckless driving.                                      j
The flu epidemic is again hitting this] Mothers' Pensions
local, the following brothors having Delegate Miss Outterldge reported
passed away recently, ('. Alexander, O. having went lo Victorin with a dolega-
Qowin and W. J. McCallum. j lion to urge tho government to create
Considerable dissatisfaction has been
expressed by the mombors at tho late
mootings, with a view to altering this.
It is probable the local will uguin meet
everv week and hav
at 10 o'clock.   All
tend next meeting, when this matter
will come up for discussion, ff you
have not already joined the sick benefit
fund do so by next meeting as otherwise you will not bo entitled to benefits on Fobrunry 1.
mothers' pens ons, There were 35 dole-
gates on said deputation who crowded
;t5 speeches into the space of oho hour.
Prom ior Oliver took an hour in reply
Loggers Organizing
The loggers nnd limber workers oro
organizing In tho city. Laat Saturday
evening ihe initial meeting was held in
the Labor Tempi'1. The meeting was
addressed by A, 8. Wells in tho absence of Secretary Midgley of tho COtt-
tiul body, who was ill. It was decided
that nnotlior mooting would bo held in
the Labor Tomple on Sunday, (ho JOth,
at 2.30 p.m. All -interested ore requcat-
cd to attend this mooting.
Laundry Workera Strike Fund
Up io Jununry 12, 1910i
all meetings finish and was disappointing. He paid iho
embers should at-1 governmont find no money in tho pub*
lie treasury, and eould not ruin, mero
money. Ho was afraid to put on moro
taxes, having lost two scats already
iu the by-olections. If more taxes wora
put on the mines the owners '.vould
close thom down. Delegate Gutteridgo
held thut the government should then
take iheui over ami use tho rovonuo for
mothers' pensions. Premier Oliver also
told tho delegates to go buck home and
get public opinion behind thom,   Miss
20.00 j Gutteridgo said it was extremely doubt*
35,50   fttl that the government would do any-
83.001 thing to aid mother's pensions this coin-
15.00 | i"g' session.
187,501   President Wiucli reported  that  tho
to Investigate Labor
no further
ndod   that
thc new executive committee bo given
$16,277.001proxlos to vote the council's shares at
FRED. KNOWLES,        | tlio    genoral    shareholders'    meeting
..*■ 15,7-10.85
LIS
Previously acknowledged ...,
Shoe Workers 	
Qttfl Workers	
City Hall Stuff 	
Warehousemen -	
Fish Packers (Rupert) 	
Tenmsters	
Longshoremen      200.00 I special commit!
!,'. M. W. of A. (Cumberland)       87.00 Temple affairs could giv
Garment Workers       11.00 Information.    Ho   recom
■Secretary •treasurer.
(Continued on Page 8) PAGE TWO
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
.FBIDAY...
$22   $25   $28
Men's High Grade
Overcoats
...January 17, Mlt
TRADE UPSTAIRS AND SAVE YOUB DOLLARS
Note from the Russian Soviet
»»»»»*    ******    ******    ♦***♦* •   ******    ******
Government to President Wilson
For tho information of our readorsttond to remove your troops from Mur-tment of tho American capitalists! And
wo publish tho -tuU_toit of ^tho note|mansk, Archangel and Siberia. is it not possiblo that tho proposals of
'    "     You refuso to conclude an armistico this government about the creation of
unless Gormany will stop her acts of     " '     "
outrago and pillage.   ~
ARNOLD&QUIGLEV
I       "SlxzStore thats alcuays busy"
546Granville St. 546.'
ktpTOS?upstairs clothes^shof
Freedom of Press Upheld
Santa Fo, New Mexico—Tho state
supreme court has reversed thc decision
of a lower court which held in contempt tho editor of n newspaper who
criticised a judge who presided at a
libi»l suit. In overruling thc judgment
flf tho lower court, tho supreme court
held that "under our theory of government, tho right of freedom of
speech und of the press aro essential to
thr public welfaro," and that whilo tho
fight of free speech did not warrant
attacks on courts or judges which will
interfere with the administration of
justice, nover th el oss the "forco of public opininu hus greatly restrained thc
courts in tho exorcise of the power to
punish for making disrespectful or Injurious remarks" concerning tho judi-:
<$taty.
Gary Predicts Lower Wage
Pittsburg, Pa,—Lower wagos woro
predicted by Judge Gary of tho steel
trust, at a banquet in this city. Tho
, epeakcr called the reductions "readjustments," and indicated that tho
drop must bo gradual, as "labor should
bo troatod fair." "There will bo readjustments in prices and wagos, too,
eventually," he soid, "but tho read-,
jnstinents in wages will como slowly, j
and in such a way that labor will re-
cognizo their justice. If employers nre
fair to labor, I have no doubt labor
*vill reciprocate"
Flu Increases Death Bate
Washington—Tho influenza epidemic
caused 111,088 deaths in tho d(i largest
cities, and last year increased tho combined death rate for theso communities
lo 19,0 per 1000, according to census
bureau statistics. Total figures for thc
country are not available. Baltimore,
with 20.8 per 1000 ,and Nashville with
26,4 hud tho highest rates of the registration cities, whilo St. Poul, wilh 13.!)
and Minneapolis und Grand Rapids,
with 14 each, had the lowest.
Bump Liability Concerns
Columbus, Ohio—Liability insurance
companies in this stato received a hard
bump at the hands of the state supreme
court, which has upheld tho 1917
amend incut to tho workmen's compensation law, wliich prohibits these concerns from indemnifying employers
who elect to carry their own insurance
against losses.
Patronize Fedorationist    advertisers
and toll thjjm why you do so.
What's in a Name?
To m-l-sTUb tt» word "Orplma"
■uni tb* Utt Is tht vorlt—to Vu-
eonru ttae
Orpheum Cafe
n-Moi Hw Mil Mtlng pUe* ta town;
antic ul ductus in tho malaf.
Drop la any time. Blgfwt uiei
tto-uM in Vuconnr.
Tta a&urviLLB      099. oryuui
uoRue No. lo-me
ORPHEUM
^THEATRE1 *
PLAYING OKPHEUM OIR-
OUIT VAUDZvTLLI
Matinee 8:80
Iveningi  8:20
SLATER'S
QUALITY, SERVICE, FREE DELIVERY
Canada Food Board License No. 8-22774
FBE3H MEAT DEPARTMENT
Fiin'Ht local lamb, shoulder,
per pound  26'/aC
Logs, local lamb,  lb ,37'/ac
Loins, local lamli, ITi 37yaC
SteW,   locnl   lamb,   lb...- 26c
Uoilinc Boef, por lb 18c
Pot Roast, por tl> up 20c
PORK SPECIAL
Finest Pork shoulders, ribs.
U5c tb; Saturday only 28V_a
Ij-pr ot Pork, por tb SB Vic
Crijico, per tin  SDc
TomatooB,  lar((o tins  - 20c
Sunlight Soap, 4 tor  —2Bo
Royal Crown Soap, 6 for 2Bc
Hardlnes, 3 for  260
Pork and Beans, 3 (or...- 26c
Fry's Cocoa, 2 for  46c
PROVISION DEPARTMENT
Sliced Streaky Bacon, Ib 60c
Sliced Boneless Ham. 'lb.— 68c
Sliced Ayrshire Roll,   Ib 60c
Mined Smoked Backs, lb 66c
EQGS—EGOS—EGGS
Albertn Cooking Eggs, doaen....86c
Alborta Fresh  Eggs, dozen 76c
BUTTER—B0TTER—BUTTER
Finest No. 1 Alberta. 3 lbs $1.60
Fine Alborta Butter, 8 lbs....-fl.50
Finest Ontario Cheese, per tb  36c
Finest   Puro  Lord,   lb 36c
Finest Compound Lard,   tb 30c
Finest Beef Fat,   lb 20c
Finest   Beef  Suet,   Ib 2&C
FlnoBt   B.ef  Dripping,   lb 26c
Salt Pork, per Ib 40c
3--BIG STORES--3
123 Hastings Street East
830 Granville Street
3260 Main Street
Phone Sey. 3262
Phone Sey. 866
Phone Fair. 1683
WE DELIVER AXL OVER THB OITT AND SUBURBS
of tho Soviot governmont of Bussia to
President Wilson, requesting an armistico. This document is likely to becomo a most important historical
epistle.
Mr. President:— *
On January 9 -last you mado your
famous 14-point message to Congress.
Tho sixth point expressed your profound sympathy for Russin. You do*
mandod:
The evacuation of all  Busman
territory by Imperial Germany.
Independent   self; determination
of Russia's politicnl development
and 'national policy.
,    A wolcdrao to Russia into tho so*
cioty of freo nations.
Assistance to Bussia of overy
kind that sho hiay need or desire.
And you added that "tho' treatment
accorded to her by her sister nntioria
iu tho months to como will bo tho acid
lest of their goodwill, or their comprehension of her needs os distinguished
from tlieir own interests."
Tho desperate strugglo which wo
were then waging against Gorman imperialism at Urost Lltovsk apparently
intensified your sympathy for Soviet
Russia. You sent greetings to tho Congress of Soviets—assurances thnt Soviet Russia might count upon American
help.
Many months have passed since then.
What are tlio results of the acid tost
applied to your and your Allies' goodwill, your comprehension of our needs
and your unselfish sympathy?
You nnd your Allies organized a
conspiracy of Czecho-Slovaks on Russian territory. You co-operated with
this conspiracy. You supported it
diplomatically and financially, aud furnished it with supplies of good, guns
and munitions for counter-revolutionary
war against Russia,
You and your Allies gavo world-wide
publicity to tho lie that Gorman war
prisoners had seized tho Siberian railway. Your own officers know it was a
He. Colonel Bobbins, tho head .<.,< your
Bed Cross mission was convinced^that
this story wns absolutely false.
In the proBa propaganda against us
it was charged that wc would surrender
the Czecho-Slovaks to Gormany and
Austria. Wc refer you to tho open
letter of Captain Sadoul of tho French
Militnry Mission to learn how unfounded this charge is.
It is by the order of tho Entente
governments thnt tlio Czecho-Slovaks
remain in Russia. Thoy havo become
the mainstay of the counter-revolution.
Thoy mndo impossible tho transportation of grain nnd petroleum on thc
Volga. They cut off the Bussian workers and peasants from the stores of Siberian grain nnd products. Thoy condemned our pooplo to starvation. This
was tho first experience of tho workors and peasants of Bussia of your
government's and Allies' promises.
You also promised, Mr. Preaident, to
co-operate with Bussia in socuiing unhampered solf-dctermination    in    tho
form   of   her   government,   Actually
what form did this co-operation tnke!
The   hampering   operations   of   tho
Czccho-SIovak troops were backed by
expeditions of American   and   Allied
troops.   In Archangel, Murmansk and
I tho Par East, those, your expeditions,
arp for tho purposo of forcing the Russian peoplo to submit to tho rule of
the oppressing and exploiting classes.
Tho  workors and peasants of   Russia
overthrew the dominion of theso classes
in October, 1917.   You attempt to restore by forco their bloody domination.   Such is   tho   exporienco,   Mr.
Presidont, of tho Bussian   people   of
your promises.   While we woro fighting
in the south ngninBt tho counter-revolutionists, who betrayed Russia to Gorman imperialism, nnd organizing   our
western frontiers against Germnny, wo
had to turn to thc East ond tho North
to resist thc slavery   and   oppression
which you and your Allies had como to
impose upon us.
Mr. President, tho ncid test of tho
relations between tho United States
and Bussia gavo quito different results
from thoso promised in your message
to Congress. But wo' havo reason not
to bo altogether dissatisfied with tho
results, Tho outrages against our pons*
ants and workers havo shown thom the
aims of tho counter revolution and its
foreign supporters. Tho Bussian people-have now an iron will to dofond
thoir liberties, to defend tho land for
tho peasants, and tho factories for tho
workers. Our trials have helped us to
create a strong and disciplined Bed
army. And it is daily growing stronger, and we aro ready, in tho nnme of
Russia, to join your negotiations for a
general peaco.
In your note to Germany you demnnd
the ovacuation of occupied territories
us a condition precedent to an armistice. Wo arc ready, Mr. Prosidont, to
accept this condition. We aak you to
notify us whon you and your Allies in-
Wo nllow our*
solves, therefore, to concludo that you
will order your Allies, tho Czechoslovaks, to roturn tho part of our gold
reserve which thoy seized in Kazan,
and that you will forbid them to continuo thoir pillage and outragos againBt
tho workers and peasants.
Another of your peace terms is that
tho governments which would concludo
poaco must express tho will of the
peoplo. You arc awaro that our government fully satisfies this condition.
Our government exprossoB tho will of
tho councils of Workmen's, Peasants
and Bed Army deputies. They represent at leaat oighty per cent, of the
Busian peoplo. Thia cannot, Mr. President, be said about your governmont.
But for tho sake of huiiinnity and
peaco wo do not demand as a prerequisite that all tho othor governments participating be as representative of their peoples. But we know
that a general peace will sot tho
peoples free to put on end to thc system of cliques that forced upon mankind this universal slaughter, and that
it will surely lead tho peoples to create
Soviot governments lhat will give ox-,UB uetul. sincp
"aSSR? t0ft,1*ir1™U- .   . wag* war against France, even though
neigt3, ,us to participate in ponce ,h0 capitalist government of Clemen-
Z li ft \ * ,la\t0 *,d out ™* hns not yet been replaced by a
ennlS, M* *M5idont' «*■*.» Z°w workmen's government of Merheim;
SSfifl vnthi Letlf°°f ,m«» juat as we have concluded peace with
Lt 5KlZ *« ?• * ^ ;ind°P011: tho imperialist government of Cer-
fZLrl £?« ' S°r !m' B£*™\°?a "'»ny, with Emperor William nt its
ficodoin for tho peoples of Austria- head, from whom voii, Mr. President,
But wo do not find among j f0Gl as alien as wo, the Workmen 'a and
a League of nations will rosult in now
chains for the people's, in the organization of an international trust for tho
exploitation of tho workors and the
suppression of weak nations! In this
latter case, Mr. President, you will not
bo in a position to reply to our quostions, and we will say to the workers
of all countries: Bowaret Millions of
your brothers, thrown at each other's
throats by the bourgeoisie of all countrios, are still perishing on the battlo
fields, and the capitalist loaders aro already trying to borno to on understanding for tho purposo of suppressing with
united forces those that remain alive,
when they call to account the criminals
who caused tho warl
Howovor, Mr. Presidont, sinco wo do
not nt all dcBiro to wage war againat
the United States, even though your
government has not yet been replaced
by a council of people's commissaries
and your post is not yot taken by Eugene Debs, whom you havo imprisoned;
since wo do not. at all desiro to wngo
war against Englnnd, oven though tho
cabinot of Mr, Lloyd Georgo hns not
yet boen replaced by a council of People's commissaries with MacLean nt
its head; since wo havo no desiro to
Hungary.
your demands the liberation of Ireland,
Egypt, India or thc Philippines. Wo
would bo sorry if theso peoples should
bo denied-tho opportunity to pnrtici-
pate through their freely elected ropro-
scntntives.
Wo would ulso, Mr. President, very
much li^o to know what is your conception of the solution of many economic questions. Their propor solution is essential for the cause of futuro
pence. Take thc war expenditures. Unloss thc League of Nations should re-
nounco payment of tho loans to the
capitalists, they will constitute an unbearable burden for thc masses to
carry. You know as well as we do
that tho war was tho outcomo of capitalistic policies, that tho governments
of all countries wero continually piling
up armaments, that the ruling groups
pursued policies of nnnexations, nnd
that the masses paid for thoso policies
with millions of lives nnd economic
ruin. It would be manifestly unjust
that tho masses should continue paying
tribute for theso policies. It would
mean countless misery for generations.
Wc proposo, thoroforo, Mr. Prosidcnt,
tho annulment of tho war loans ns thc
basis of tho League of Nations. Thero
comes then the restoration of countries
laid waste by the war. Wo believo
that all nations should aid in this work
in Belgium, Poland and Serbia. However poor and ruined Russia seems to
bo sho is ready tc/do hor part. America
would helpl American capital has not
suffered; nay, it has profittcd many millions.
The League of Nations should not
only liquidate the present • war, but j
also mako imposslblo any wnrs in tho
future,    "
Peasants' Revolutionary govornment,
from you—\vq finally proposo to you
Mr. President, that you take up with
your allies tho following questions and
give us precise nnd definite replies: Do
the governments of the United States,
England and France consent to cease
demanding the blood of tho Russinn
pooplo nnd the lives of Russian citizens, if thc Russian people will agree
to pay them a ransom such as a man
who has been suddenly attacked payB
to tho onc who attacked him? If so,
just what tribute do tho governments
of the United Stntes, Englnnd nnd
Franco demand of tho Russian people?
DO they demand concessions, that tho
railways, mines, gold deposits, etc.,
shall be handed ovor to them on certnin conditions, or do they demnnd territorial concessions, some' part of Siberia of Caucasia, or perhaps tho Murmansk Coast? Wo expect from you, Mr.
Prosidcnt, that you will definitely stato
just what you and your allies demnnd,
and nlso whether the nllinnco between
your government and.thc governments
of the other Entento powers is in tho
nature of a combination which could
bo compared with a corporation for
drawing dividends'from Russia, or doos
your governmont and tho other governments of tho Entento powers havo oach
separate and special demands, and
what are thoy? Particularly aro wo interested to know tho demands of your
French allies with regard to the three
billions of rubles which tho Paris bankers loanod to tho governmont of tho
Czar-—the'oppressor of Bussia and the
onemy of his own people. And you, Mr.
President, as well as your Fronch allies
suroly know that even if you and your
You will not
be "soaked"
fl Bo many people neglect their
eyes even when they know
they should have them attended to—when they know
they Bhould be wearing
glasses—because they are
afraid thoy will be overcharged—and becauBo of the
uncertainty of the eost.
4 I want any of you onion men
who feel that you may require
glustes—you or your wives—
to come in nnd let me examine your eyes. Lot me toll
you ,what is wrong—if anything—what it will cost to
give you glasses that will
mako Boeing and living more
comfortable.
*\J My optical sorvice is the
moat efficient and tho moat
reasonable on tho coast.
Seymour 1993
J. D. GAMBLE
Manager
Granville Optical Co.
519 GRANVILLE STEEET
Below Drysdale's
VANCOUVER UNIONS
TRADES AND LABOB COUNCIL— MEETS
iirht and t hi nl Thu rt days, Executi
board: President, E. Winch j vlco-presld-un
J, kavunitgli; secrotary ami business aguiit,
V, lt. aiiilgloy; trensurer, i\ Knowles;
Bergcniit-at-unns, J. l<\ Poole; trustees, J,
H. aicVoty, J. Hubblo, A. J. Crawford, W,
A, Prltchard.
ALLIED PIUNTING TBADES  COUNCIL—
Meets second Monday in tlio month. Prosidont, Ouo, Bartley j secretary,   lt.   H.   iSuo-
lands,  P.  O.  Box  60.
But you must be aware that j allies Bhould succeed iu enslaving and
the capitalists of your country are i covering with blood the wholo territory
planning thc old war-breeding policies of Russia—which will not bc allowed by
Consider the Cloth!
J^HE flannel of which these
work shirts are made will
stand your closest inspection
CONSIDER the cloth, when you buy flannel work-shirts these
days. Twin Bute work-shirts of flannel invite your most
careful consideration—and they will stand it! Made up to
the famous Twin Bute standard, of materials which must always
conform to the exacting requirements for every Twin Bute garment, these flannel work-shirts are superior work garments.
They come in Blues, Greys and Browns; twin-needle stitching,
extra value in buttons; comfortable, roomy, extra large, full
length; these are the flannel shirts you will always prefer.
for tho~futuro. And they aro preparing military forces to compete with
Japan for encroachmonta and superprofits in China and Siberia. Capitalists and ruling circles in othor countries have similar plans for exploiting
other territories and other peoples.
Knowing this you must agroo that fac-
torios, mines and banks must not bo
left in tho hands of private persons.
They uso tho vast meana of production
for super proilts, and thoir competition
in tho export market result in imperialistic wars.
We propose, therefore, that the
Leaguo of Nations be based on the
expropriation of the capitalists of all
countries. In your country tho banks
uud thc industries are in thc hands of
a small group of capitalists. Tour personal friend, Mr. Robins, nasurcs us the
arrest of twenty heads of capitalist
cliques and tho control of thcir powor,
would destroy tho principal sourco of
now wars. If you will agroo to this,
Mr. President, if the sources of future
wars will bo thus destroyed, then it
would bo easy to remove all oconomic
barriers. All peoples will control thoir
means of production. Thoy will then
bo vitally interested in freely exchanging tho things thoy do not noed for tho
things they need. It will bo a quostion of tho exchange of products betwoen nations, each of which will produce what it can best produce. Thc
Leaguo of Nations will bo a leaguo of
mutual aid of the toiling manses. Armed forces can be roducod to the limit
of internal safoty.
Wo know very woll that tho solfish
capitalist class will attempt to croato
an internal menace. Russian landlord's and capitalists are now attempting it here,    American, English    and
our heroic revolutionary Rod Army—
that even in that case tho Russian people, worn out by the war and not having had sufficient timo to take advantage of tho benefits of the Soviet rulo
to elevate their national economy, will
be unable to pay to the French bankers
tho full tribute for tho billions that
wcro used by thc government of tho
Czar for purposes injurious to tho people. Do your French allies demand that
a part of this tribute bo paid in install*
ments, and if so—what part, and do
they not anticipate that their claims
will result in similar claims by other
creditors of the infamous government
of the Czar which has been overthrown
by tho Russian peoplo? Wo can hardly
think that yoUT governmont nnd your
allies aro without a ready answer, when
your and their troops aro trying to advance on otr territory with 'the evident object of seizing nnd enslaving
our country. Tho Russian peoplo,
through tho people's Red army, arc
guarding their territory nnd aro brnvoly
fighting against your invasion and
against tho attacks of your allies. But
your governmont and tho govornments
of tho othor powors of the Entente, undoubtedly, have woll propared plans,
for the sako of which you are shedding
the blood of your soldiers. Wo expect
that you will state your demands very
clearly and definitely. Should we, however, bo disappointed, should you fail
to reply to our quito definite and precise quostions, wo will draw the only
possiblo conclusions—that we are justified in tho assumption thnt your government and tho governments of your
allies desiro to get from tho Russian
people a tribute both in money and in
natural resources of Russia, nnd territorial concessions ns woll.   We will
JOURNEYMEN BABBERS' INTERNA-
tional 17jih^ of America, Local -No. 120—
.Moi'is second and fourth Tuesdays in tbo
month, Uouin 2U5 Labor Temple, Proaident,
O. E. lu-rriti; socretary, 8. 11. Grant, HMO
Camblo Street,
BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS, LOOAL
No. 017—Meets every iiocund aud fourth
Monday ovening, 8 o'clock, Labor Teinjilo.
J'reMilent. M. McKenzie; financial secretary,
U. Thom, 6 DulFerin Street East; recording
secretary, J. R, Campboll; businesii agent,
Walter Thomas, Room '_vil Labor Temple.
Phono Sey, 740ft.
BROTHERHOOD OP BOILER MAKERS
and Iron fthlp Builders and Helpera ol
America, Vancouver Lodgo No. 104—Moots
evory Monday, 8 p.m. President, M, A, Mc-
Eachern, 1245 Alberni tit.; eocretary-trcas-
urer, Angus Fraser, 1151 Howo St.; but-iueps
aguut, L. Cummins, Room 212 Lalior Temple,
HOTEL AND RESTAURANT EMPLOYEES
Local 28—Meets overy flrst Wednesday in
tho month at 2.30 p.m. and every third
Wednesday in the month at 0,30 p.m. Presidont, Harry Wood; secretary aud business
agont, W. Mackenzie, Room 209 Labor Temple. Phone Soy. 1681. Office houra: 11 to
12 noon; 2 to 6 p.m.
INTERNATIONAL UNION OP STEAM AND
Operating Englneera, Local No. 620—
Meeta overy Monday, 7.30 p.m., Labor Temple. President, J. R. Flynn, 810 Moodio St.,
New Westminster; vice-president, D. Hodges;
secretary-treaaurer and business agent, W. A.
Alexander, Room 216 Labor Temple. Pbone
Sey. 7496.
ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL No. 218
—Meots Id Boom 205, Labor Temple,
every Monday, 6 p.m. President, H, Burnes,
1102 Powell Street; recording aeeretary, W.
Foulken, Labor Temple; financial secretary
and business agent, E. H. Morrison, Room
207 Labor Templo; assistant secretary, F.
R. Burrows.
Fronch armed forcos arc aiding them j toll this to the RusBion peoplo ob woll
«- ■>-' ■• •- • - -•- ' as to the toiling masses of other countries, ond tho absence of a roply from
you will serve for ub as n silent reply.
Thc Russinn peoplo will then understand that the demands of your government and of tho governments of your
allies are so severe and vast that you
do not even want to communicate thom
to the Russian government,
—Tchichorin, People's Commissary of
foreign Affairs.
L©OK for the Twin Bute
uid Union label on your
work   garments.    It   your
supply   you,
Jas. Thomson & Sons, Ltd.
Makers of TWIN BUTE WORK Garments
VANCOUVER, B. C.
to take the faetorics from tht workors
and tho land from tho peasants. But
we have crushed thc resistance of tho
Russian capitalists, Inspired by your
idea of a League of Nations, lot tho
American workors crush thoir capitalists, and neither German or any other
capitalists will he a seriouB mennco to
tho victorious workers.
And so, Mr, President, notwithstanding our experience of your promises,
we accept your proposals about peaco
and a League of Nations. Wo hnvo
tried to develop them to avoid results
that would contradict yonr promises,
as before. Wo havo tried to formulate
with prevision your proposals, in order
that your Lengue of Nations should not
■ turn out to be a leaguo of capitalists
'against the nations. Should you not
ngroo with us we have no objection to
an "open discussion," as the first
point, of your peace programmo demands. .
But thero is another possibility. We
have had dealings with tho president
of the Archangel attack and the Siberian invasion, ond we havo nlso had dealings with the president of tho League
of Nations peace programme. Is not
the first of these—thc real president—
actually directing the policies of the
American capitalist government? Is
not the American governmont rathor a
government of tho Amorican corpora-1
tions, (ft tho American Industrial, commercial and railroad trusts, of the I
American banks—in  short, a govern-1
INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S Association, Ldcal 8852—Offlee and hall, 804
Pendor Streot West. Moots first and third
Fridays 8 p.m. Secret a ry-treoauror, O.
Thoman; business Agont, A. Hill.
AMALGAMATED"^EAT —CUTTERS AND
Butcher Workmen's Union No. 048—Meots
first and third Tuesdays of each month.
Lnbor Temple, 8 p. m. President, H. E,
Wills; recording secretary, Fred. Lilly; financial socretary and business agent, T. W. Anderson, 587 Homor street.
PATTERN MAKERS' LEAGUE OF NORTH
America (Vancouvor and vicinity)—
Branch meets Hecoud and fourth Mondays,
Room 204 Lnbor Tomple. Preaident, .1.
Banforth, Euclid Ave., Colllngwood East;
financial socretnry nnd business agont, H. S.
Night scales, 270—MUh Ave East, South
Vancouver; recording secretary, E. Westmoreland, 8247 Puint Grey Road. Phono
Bayvlew 2979L.
SHIPYARD LABORERS, RIGGERS AND
•Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 38A, Series
B—Moeta thu 2nd and 4th Fridays of the
month, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President, J.
N. Boult; financinl secretary, M. A. Phelpa;
business agent and corresponding secretary,
W. Leo.  Office, Room 219-220 Labor Temple.
STREET AND ELECTRIC RAILWAY Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
Lahor Temple, second and fourth Wednesdays at 8 p.m. Presidont, W. H. Cottrell;
treasurer, E. S. Cleveland; recording- secretary, A. V. Lofting, 2501 Trinity Street,
phone High. 168R; financial secretary and
business agent, Fred A, Hoover, 2409 Clark
Drlvo, offlce corner Prior and Main streets.
JOURNEYMEN TAILORS7 UNION OF
America, Local No. 178—Meetinga held
first Monday ln each month, 8 p.m. President, A. R, Gatenby; vlce-prealdent, W. Larson; recording aeeretary, W. W. Hocken,
Box 608; financial secretary, T. Wood, P. 0.
Box 50S. 	
GENERAL   TEAMSTERS   AND    CHAUF-
feura' Union, Local No. 656—Meets every
2nd and 4th Wednesdays 8 p.m. President,
W, M. Brown; business agont, F. Haslett,
125—15th Avo East; phone Fair, 210BX.
Financial iecretary, Rlrt Showier, 1120
Robson St.; phono Soy. 5679. Offico, 587
Homer Btreet.
English Unions Grow
London, England—Tho government's
department of Labor statistics reports
that tho numbor of English trado
unionists at tho end of 1917 was 5,-
287,522. In tho provious year tho number was 4,437,047. This includes tho
total membership of tho 1133 trado
unions known to tho department. Tho
increase in male members was 617,000,
or 15.8 per cent., and' in female members now approximate 774,000, It is
stated that somo of tho unions of less
skilled workers havo not included in
their returns members in tho military
service.
To Urge Compenaation
Jefferson City, Mo.—With tho convening of the state legislature, Missouri trade unionists nro marshalling
their forces to securo tho passage of a
workmen's componsati'on law.
Patronize Foderationist   advertisers
and toll thom why you do so.
TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION No. 226—Meets
last Sunday nf each month at 2 p.m,
President, R. Marnhnll; vlcc-prrstdent, W,
H. Jordan; secret ary treasurer*. R. H. Nen-
lands, Box 66.
PROVINCIAL UNIONS
B. C. FEDERATION OF LABOR—Moota In
annual' convention In January. Executive
officers, 1018-19; Presidont, Duncan Mc-
Ciillmii. Labor Temple, Vancouver; vice-
president*.—Vancouver Island, Walter Head,
South Wellington; Victoria, J. Taylor; Princo
Ruport, W, E, Thompson; Vancouvor, E.
Winch, W, R. Trotter; New Westminster, P.
Peebles; West Koolonay, Marcus Martin,
Nelson; Crow's Neat Pass, W, A, Sherman,
Fernio. Socrotary-treanurer, A. S. Wells,
Labor Templo, 405 Dunsmuir St., Vaneouvor,
B. C.
VICTORIA, B. O.
VICTORIA AND DISTRICT TRADES AND
Labor Council—Meeta first and third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias Hall, North
Park Street, at 8 p.m. President, B, Sim-
|mons; vice-president, T. Dooley; seoretary-
treasurer, Christian Siverts, P. 0, Bob 802,
Victoria, B. 0.	
SOUTH WBUJWPTOW, V. L
LOCAL UNION, No. 872, U. M. W. Of A.-
Meets first Sunday ln every month I p-JL,
Richards Hall. President, Jaa. Bateman;
vice-president, Andrew Parkor; reeordlng
secretary, Jas. Fearon; financial secretary,
William MacDonald; treasurer, J. H. Richardson.
January
Clearance Sale
This sale should be a
sensation—because it is
a genuine clearance of
all winter goods. Prices
are lower than we have
ever made them.
BILE 8WBATBB OOATS
All tlie odd onos tnd broke*
lines to bo cleared very cheap.
Beg. $12.50 for *7.B»
Eeg. *21.00 for 114.95
Beg. *28.50 for »18.M
Ladies' Wool Poll-over Sweaters,
with or without sleeves, valuo*
to $S.95, salo price ...$5.98
Ladios' Wool Cashmere Swoater
Coats—Values to $1S.50....*8.9S
EIDERDOWN KIMONAS
OB BOBES
$6.50   Long   Eiderdown   Bobes,
figured designs  $4.95
$9.50 long Eiderdown Bobes, Indian design  $6.95
$11.50   long   Eiderdown   Bobes,
plain colors, for   $8.95
Saba Bros.
Limited
tjhe Silk Specialists
652 ORANVILLE STBEET
Excelsior Laundry
Limited
554-556 Richards Sheet
Vancouver
Drop Calls can be made
after hours
TROGADERO
CAFE
For Union Men
156 HASTINOS STBEET WEST
Phone Sey. 935
TBE BEST PLACE TO EAT IN
VANCOUVEB — UNION CARD
0. ftl-MM
PASTIME
Pocket Billiard
PARLOR
—TWILVI nw TABLM—
(Inuwlik-BaUw Ooll.nd.r Oo.)
—HMlturtm for Oatoi Hm—
Ualon-madt   ToUmos,   Olfan   aal
OJfanttM
Only min B,l» Bnploj,*
42 Hastings St. East
Greatest Stock of
Furniture
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every detail
Hastings Furmture Co. Ltd.
41 Hutlogs Itreet West
CLELANDDIBBLE ENGRAVING COMPANY
LlBlWd
PHOTO EHORAVEBS — OOUKBMUL
ASTISIS
Phone 8«raour 7180
Ihlrd Ploor. world Ballllni
VADHOkrVEE. B. a
—Tko only Union Shop In Vknoonv.r—
CENTER & HANNA, Ltd.
UNDERTAKERS
Refilled Service
1049 OEOBOIA STREET
One Block west of Court House.
Cm of Modern Chapel nn*
Funeral Parlori free ttt  .11
Patrons.
Telephone iej-moer 8419
AROVE!
Cfel
uSmonGobc
acco.
PBINOB RUPBBT, B. 0.
PRINCE RUPERT TRADEB AND LADOR
Council—Moot, second and fourth Too,*
days of eioh month, In Crpcntprs* Hill.
Pmldent, 8. D. Maedonald; secretary, W. E.
Thompson,   Boi 2711,   Prlnee Rupert,   Ii.   C.
THE LONDON GRILL
7". '  I.OBSftN SI
Patronise  Federationist   advertisers
al tell them wkj you do so. OFFICIAL    PAPBB    TAJKJOUY1I
TEA DM   ABD   LABOB   OOUWCIX.
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
ornoiAL Ttraa umiii mi*
BlIBtt   PBBIBATIOB   OP   UBOl
/
ELEVENTH YEAR.   No. 3
EIGHT PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 17,1919"
It Should
Head the List
_ A complete equipment of good teeth should be
at the top of your want-list this year. The dental visit should be the first on your calling list.
If a perfect outfit of teeth is already yours, the
dental visit made regularly will keep it perfect.
If you havo tartar deposits, a dental cleaning
will take care of that. If some of your teeth
are decayed or missing, it becomes a first necessity to have thom filled, crowned or replaced. IJ
you have been going from month to month and
year to year—in need of dental repairs and with
your dental bill 'of tho future growing larger
every day—take yourself in hand—put the dental visit at the top of your appointment list—
make the appointment—keep it.
_ Tho most thorough and skilled work*
nmnship—tho best of material—tho
most modern methods—tho most
modern prices.
Opposite
Woodward's
DR. LOWE
Fine Dentistry
HASTINGS AND ABBOTT
29th Anniversary Sale
CLUBB & STEWART LTD.
309-315 HASTINGS STREET WEST
, have on sale this month many lines of
Men's and Boys' Suits and Overcoats
at greatly reduced prices.   Also odd lines in Furnishings and.
Hats.   These arc great value as prices go today.
-UNION STORE-
Wear Our Good Shoes
If you wish to avoid"poor Shoe Values these days. You will
do well to come to this Reliable Union Shoe Store for yonr
Winter Footwear.
We sell tlie productions of tho Country's Best Makers of
Shoes.   Hero you take no risk.
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
666 GRANVILLE STREET
"VANCOUVBR'S UNION SHOE STORE"
Freati Out Flowen, Fnneril Deelnu, Wedding Bonqnete, Pot Plute, Jr*
namontal end Sbede Trees, Seeds, Bnltis, riorurts' Sundries
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AMD NOTSEEYMEN
8-8TOBES—t
41 Hastings Itreet Beat, ley. 988471 — 718 Onurllle Street, Ser. Nil
10% OFF TO ALL SOLDIERS AND THEIR FAMILIES
Taking Care of Your Teeth
Is Not An Extravagance!
h-get away from the idea that you are "saving" by patting off
the giving of attention to your teeth when defects appear.
Keeping tho teeth in good condition means Comfort, Health and a
Pleasing Appearance—threo things wo all want. Is monoy spont
for such a purposo extravagance?
Lot mu examine your teeth as soon as a dofect develops—I'll tell
you how to correct it—and how much the work will cost.
Phost Seymour 8381
X-Riy filial taken;  10-year
guarantee   given;    Victory
Bondi   taken   in   exchange
for Dentil Work.
Dr. Brett Anderson
Crown and Bridge Specialist
602 Hastings St. W. Oor. Seymour St
Offlce Opon Tuesday and Friday Evenings Until 8 o'clock
T. B. HILL
Just before stock-taking, we are offering our entire
stock at prices which will make them sell. Following are a few of the reductions for this week:
Men's 50c Suspenders    25^
Men's Tweed Caps, worth to $1.75, at.    75<*
Men's Work Gloves, worth to $1.00; at    5<ty
Men's Work Gloves, worth to $1.25, at    85*£
Men's Work Gloves, horsehide, worth $2, at $1.35
Ono mixed line of Boys' Suits, worth to $11.50,
at $6.85
Mixed line of Boys' Suits, worth to $14.50, at $8.85
T. B. HILL
117 HASTINGS
STREET EAST
E
Some   Contrasts   Between
Statements of Present
and Past Christians
A great' many peoplo havo boon getting unnecessarily alarmed over what
they term reconstruction problems,
Their minds can now bo sot nt rest, for
tho spectre of Bolshevism exists only
in tho disordered minds of a few individuals, and tho good senso (!) of
tho American pooplo will check any
Socialist upheaval.
A noted dignitary of that
institution that hus always stood
for freedom, iL c. tho Church of
Rome, has nobly come to tho front
to aid suffering humanity in its hour
of need. It is indeed fortunate that a
Baviour has at last appeared when
people's minds havo been filled with
apprehension as to tho outcomo of the
industrial readjustments that aro to
take place as a result of tho conclusion
'of tho work of destruction. According
to this dignitary, who, by tho way, is
Cardinal Gibbona, t-fcero is no noed for
anxiety, for tho men who are at present managing tho industries of America
nro eminently fair and just in their
dealings with their employees. Presumably the bitter strikes that havo
from timo to time taken placo in tho
land of tho freo (T) have been fought
for eanses Unit existed only in tho disordered imaginations of the idlo agitators. Thi_ massacres of Homestead,
West Virginia, Ludlow, etc., wero no
doubt necessary as nn admonishment
to naughty children who refused to
recognize thc kindness and benevolence
of their industrial fathers. Tho union*
hating Sun Francisco Chamber of Commerce, which is moving Heaven aud
earth to tako the lives of union officials in that village, is another body
that is treating labor generouslyj etc,
This reverend gentleman says: "I
feel no anxiety with regard to tho futuro of our country. * I om sure thc
working people of tho country are men
of intelligence. They know full woll
that their condition hero is better than
in similar stations anywhere else in the
world, and that tho disposition of those
who employ them is to treat'them justly and generously. Thoy khow that
any social upheaval would hurt them
more thnn it would any other class."
Ho goes on to sny that, "Evory Socialist knows deep down in his heart
that thoro is no nctual grievance about
which ho can justly complain.7'
ThiB gentleman is indulging in tho
fino art of camouflage, and it is woll
to coraparo his analysis of tho flne feeling of the American ruling class with
some of tlio utterancca of notable
members of that class and others who
wero paid by that class.
William H. Vanderbllt of tho N. Y.
Central Railroad once said: "Tho public be damned! I'm not running theso
railroads for tho benefit of tho public.
I'm running them for my own benefit. "
J. Picrpont Morgan said during the
steel workers' striko in 3i)01: "Tho
damned fools don't know what is good
for them."
Tho next gem is from Charles L. Bid-
lilz, presidont of the New York Building Trades Employers' Association,
during a lockout in 1903: "I seo no
solution for tho problem until hunger
compels capitulation,"
"To hell with tho constitution."—
Major McClelland, commanding tho
stato militia (paid by tho mine owners) during tho Colorado strike of
1903-04.
Adjutant-General Sherman Boll, in
defying tho orders of tho civil courts,
at tho samo time, said: "Habeas
■uorpus bo damned; we'll givo thom
post-mortems instead."
Then in lino with tho bunk peddled
by Cardinal Gibbons comes tho utterance of Goo.'F. Baer, late president of
tho Pennsylvania Railroad, and mine
owner, mado during tho conl Btrike of
1902:'
"The rights and interests of tho laboring man will bo protected and cared
for, not by the labor agitators, but by
the Christian men to whom God in his
inflnito wisdom has givon tho control
of tho property interests of the country." rt
Tho only apprehension Cardinal
Gibbons has is that tho government
would control tho rnilrads. telegraphs,
LLOYD GEORGE'S VICTORY
Lloyd Georgo did not roccivo a majority of the votoB of thoso who wont
to the polls in the British Isles, and yet
he gained a groat "victory,", according to tho press and tho assertions of
several "prominent" Vancouver women, who repeated, parrot-Iiko, tho
headlines in the local papers. Ho got
in power against tho wisheB of thc British people, by n system known as plural voting, a system used with groat
success by thc lato Kaiser beforc tho
war. It wus done by so dividing up
tho electoral districts tbat 10,000
friends of the governmont wero allowed
to elect a candidate, but it took from
30,000 to 40,000 votes to elect one opposition candidate. To illustrato: Tho
Coalition Unionists polled in round
numbers, 3,000,000 votes, and elected
candidates, or ono candidate for
(*% V«m«Tw\
Otty, it.se )
E
300'
overy 10,000 .votes. Tho Labor Party
polled 2,000,000 votes, and elected 50
candidates, or ono candidato for each
40,000 votes. Tho franchise is supposed
to bo for the purpose of finding out
what the political opinions of tho people of a nation are, and to act accordingly.
Lloyd Georgo, by his gerrymandering
of tho polling districts, completely defeated tho wishes of tho British people,
as expressed at tho ballot box.
Again to illustrate: Tho Labor Party
polled ono voto in four of tho total
vote. Tho people, according to that,
said that they wished Labor to bo represented by ouo-fourth. Now, ono
fourth of 707 (tho total number of
membera in the House of Commons), is
170. So Labor should have had that
number of members in tho houso, instead of which the governmont gives
them 05. Tho Coalition Unionists polled about one-third of tho total voto,
and therefore should bo represented by
one-third of 707, or 236 members in tho
house, but Lloyd Georgo made it 334.
Had the government polled only 4,000,-
000 votes out of the 10,000,000, ho
would still have had nearly 100 majority in parliament, despito anything tho
British peoplo could do to tho contrary.
It was indeed a "great victory" for
Lloyd George, but for tho British people, who havo suffered and bled for
the last four years, it wns tho grentcst
possible defeat. "We can not win tho
war without you, but wo can loso tho
war without you," said Lloyd George
to tho British workers during tho dark
days of the war. But when thoso same
workers wish to tako part in tho administration of tho political -affairs of
their country, he uses all tho powers of
a Plute press, millions of money and
qvery dirty political trick known to
politicians to defeat them. I havo always boen a great beliovcr in tho franchise as a legal and peaceful mothod
of bringing about desirable changes in
tho political and economic life of a nation, but when an autocratic government, by its"*nctions, complotoly nullifies tho wishes of an electorate, ia thero
not a danger that thoso poople may ignore the ballot nltogother-and take
other means of gnining for themselves
the power that their numbers and influenco warrant.
otc,
He says, "I should be sorry to soo
thouc things put undor tho direction
of any federal administration."
All of which is very respectfully referred to tho archbishop of labor,
fiiimmy Gompers, and he is heroby notified to forthwith coaso bothering thc
government with his schemes for dealing with the unemployed. Sammy is
reported to have demanded of thc U.S.
government that they, the said government, immediately and at once,-take
steps to provido all slaves with a job
in order to guarantee them tho minimum of fodder requisite for thoir con-
tinuod existence.
Sammy is heroby referred to Cardinal Gibbons und the ghost of George
Baor and asked to confine his activities
towards directing thoso inborn tendencies of justice and generosity manifested by thc aforesaid members of the
ruling class.
Tim utterances of Cardinal Gibbons
do not sound strango in tho ears of
thoso who aro familiar with the attitudo of tho Catholie. Church towards
Socialism, or any other ism that is any
way progressive. This body has always opposed thc forces of progress,
nnd when Cardinal Gibbons expresses
himsolf as being opposed to Socialism
ho is only obeying the mnndates of his
spiritual and temporal mastors, Ono
striking passage from Pope Leo XIII's
encyclical, issued in 1878, entitled "Socialism, Communism, Nihilism," is
sufficient proof of this fact.
This passage states: "In Bhort,
spurred on by greedy hankering after
things present, which is the root of all
evils—they attack tho right of proporty, sanctioned by the law of naturo,
and with signal depravity—they strain
every effort, to seize upon and hold in
common all that has boen individually
acquired by title of lawful inheritance,
through' intellectual or manual labor
or economy of living."
Another  encyclical published Janu-
Ecuador hns recently limited tho
working day to eight hours for "every
laborer, workman, clerk in store, oflico
or industrinl establishment, nnd in
gcenrnl, ovory employoo of nny kind."
The text of tho law stipulates tho
amount of overtimo which shall bo paid,
includes exemption from work on Sundays and legal holidays, nnd compels
the employer and employco to give 30
days' notice beforo making nny chango.
Spanish Workers Uniting
Oakland, Cal.—As tho rosult of nn
intensivo campaign boing carried on
nmong the Spanish workers in the shipyards large numbers of thom aro becoming members of the Shipyard Laborers
Union. Horetoforo these workers were
apparently reluctant about accepting
membership in unions.
Hunger Will  Compel  the
Workers to Change
the System
[By R. Kirk]
In August, 1918, tho writer of thoso
lines predicted in tho columns of this
paper a collapse of lho military power
of Gormany and her allies to hnppen in
191-9. It is always unwise for a prophet
to givo a datel But my effort was to
stir the workers and returned soldiers
to make some conscious movo to Eolve
tho unemployment problem, which
would fuce thom whon work on munitions would cease. I desired moro than
nil clue to havo tho ngitation started
beforo tho w.orkcrs, tho jobbless workers, started from tho woods, mills and
mines, to fill the city and make it the
spawning ground of all thnt is vicious.
I knew that all tho petty crimes in the
calendar were bred from unemployment,
from hold-ups to prostitution. It was
no uso to plead with tho master class
through their organs of publio opinion,
no good suggesting a progrnmmo of re- j
construction based on "justico and
equality". Ab tho mnster class no
longer ablo to exploit us for a proflt,!
and not knowing how or when in tho
future it could exploit us, is no longor j
interested as to whether wo livo or -
die. Except as to obedience of the laws
it has mado as to how we shall livo
and die. For in spite of all the reho- J
toric and sophistry pouring from tho
lips and pens of the intellectual prostitutes of this country, thero is nothing
in commoTKbctwcen Qnpttnl and Labor.
There is so much wealth in this world
fof tho full material and-spiritual development of mankind, and thiB wealth
or .the keystono has hitherto beon in
the hands of tho ruling class. And that
fact is indisputable. Tho key to the
world's wealth is the machinery of
production. Tho workors hnvo mado
this machinery, but thoy do not own it.
Tho rights of ownorship has been
tangled up in the world's parliaments,
by tho craft of statesmanship and lawyers, and protected always by a gun in
tho hands of nnother workor withdrawn
from his class. Master your day has
como, you have exploited tho working
clnss, you have grown fat and mentully
lazy and you no longor seo how you can
exploit us still further. For tho over-
rising tido of Socialism hns swept over
Europo, anfl full political control of
those countries by the workors will
forco you to the wall in this. You cannot sell for a proflt tho wealth stored
in your warehouses and factories, tho
wealth, produced by tho workers. And
not being able to sell it, you can't afford to employ your slaveB, who must
go hungry. And out of their hunger
will como lho most compelling argument ever flung nt a' worker. An empty
$1.60 PER YEAB
Returned
Soldiers!
Maybe wo owe you an apology,
seeing that our ad. in last week's
"Fed." referred only to "returning" soldiers, igoring the fact that thore aro many
thousands already returned to B. C. However, it's uot too late to toll you that tbo
same remarks wo addressed to retaining sol-.
diers apply equally to returned. And just one
other point—one we omitted in last week's
nd.—wo allow a discount of ton per cent-*
(10tf>) to all returned men. The gist of our
remarks last week was that our 10 years' reputation among workers of tho bettor sort
put us in the proud position of being the pro- -
micr houso to cater to returned men's requirements in the way of custom-made civilian clothing of stylo, worth and merit.
Wo bavo a special cutter and fitter for our
& Ladies' trade,
SUITS
For MEN, For WOMEN,
$35 up      $45 up
The B.C. TAILORING GO.
Custom Tailors to the Working Man
128 Hastings St. East
change tho ontire fabric of human society itself. Master, I do not blame
you for what your class has dono to
mino. You, liko myself, are but a victim of environment. Neither of us knew
very much about tho laws upon which
socioty rests. Neither of us knew much
concerning tlio laws of production, distribution and exchange. No, in tho
past wo didn't. But my class has
found out thoso laws and ihey propose
to estublish a new order of things
which will tend to keep socioty living
in harmony with thoso universal laws
instead of, as in tho past, living in opposition to thom. But, to return to my
follow workers. There nro somo who
do not see tho light shining in Europo,
or understand why it is a beacon light
showing tho road to Freedom. The
workers of Russia revolted, throw off
tho yoko of tho master and refused to
pay tho "dobt" the master had made
for his own protection. Hunger and a
beaten army, returning with their arms,
helped to win the day. Hunger, and a
ucatcn army, has started tho revolution
in Germany, Austria and Bulgaria, And
whon thoso countries are won by tho
workers for -tho workers, the most powerful force in thc world is established,
NBAB    THEATRE    BOTAL.
And it bringB tho workers of those
countrios, of France, Britain and
America, faco to faco with hunger and
revolt. A few months with the workors
of Europe in control of full political
powor will throw more thun half of
tho workers on tho Amorican continent
out of a job, as their export markets
aro cut off, and wo'll face the same
situation Europo faced during tbo powerful allied blockade. Think it over
friends and forget that Btory of the
large order for lumber the press of this
country hands out as a consolation.
That order placed in the mills of B. C.
won't benefit tho whito workers of British Columbia, aB Asiatic labor monopolises the mills.
Tho allied capitalists of France, Britain
stomach has created new standards of'and America, may vacate their jobs of
morality, it has changed old creeds for [ trying to run creation becauso trade
new. But tho hunger which is coming [with the countries of Europe upoi. the
to us as workers out of a job, will j old ex-"hnngo Bystem will bo impossible.
Pro-Germans
Tho present government in Gormany
is composed of those who lent their assistance to tho Kaiser during tho wai,
and backed him up in his schemes in
every way possible. The Spartacus who
gain control of tho government art
those who opposed tho Kaiser tooth
and nail throughout the war. I would
like to ask, therefore, uro not those people who now tako tho sido of thc prr
sent German government against the
ones who aro fighting tho government^
pro-Germans?
Pntronizo Federationist.    advertiser*
and tell them why you do so.
ary 6, 1895, states that tho church
"would bring forth moro abundant
fruits if, in addition to liborty, sho enjoyed tho patron ago of public authority."
Mark Hanna onco prophecied that
tho day was not far distant when tho
conflict would bo a battlo royal betwoen Socialism on ono sido and the
Republican Party allied with tho
Catholic Church on the other."
Tho late Father McGrady, nn ex-
priest, issued a rcpmrkablc statoment
whon he said that: "Catholics will
gradually break their allegiance with
Rome, for necessity will compel them
to join thc army of revolutionists which
tho church condemns. The politicnl
character of the church will bu revealed by hor open defense of commercial
and industrial despotism, tho sacred
charm of hor mysterious influence will
fade; religious rebellion will ■ follow
and Komc will ultimately go down in
ignominious defeat with her capitalist
allies."
In view of all (hose facts it is not
surprising to hear tho statements from
tho lips of such a high dignitary of
tho Catholic Church, and when tho
sny ings of the. pre-Constantinc fathers
are road, tho reasons for Constantino's
adoption of Christianity and the moulding of this hitherto slave religion into
the finest instrument of exploitation
placod in tho hands of n rnluig clnss.
Contrast tho utterances of Cardinal
Gibbons and Iho vnrious encyclicals
with a few of thn utterances of the
early Christian fathers:
"I know that God hns given us tho
life of g'-iods, and he has determined
that tho use be common."—By Clement
of Alexandria—150*250,
"No man shall bo received into onr
Commune who saveth thnt tho land
mny bo  sold. "—St Cyprian—200-258.
And Augustine—354430—says: "The
superfluities of the rich aro tho necessaries of the poor. They who possess
superfluities possess tho goods of
others."
Theso men said thoso things nnd got
away with them; the holy humbug had
not yet been hatched, but wbat happened to Savonarola, an Italian religions reformer in 1408, who snid, "In
the primitive church the ehaltcoa wero
oi wood and the prelatofl of gold. In
those days the church hath chalices of
gold and prelates of wnod."
lie was hanged nnd burned by hla
enemies. As it is impossible Ito improve
upou th-e statement of Siivonurola, the
cnso ngainst Cardinal Gibbons and his
politico religious institution will rest.
5HELLY54X BREAD PAGE FOUR
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FBIDAY. Jbomit IT, 1»»
IB. t. FEDERATIONIST
•fttblished every Friday morning by tho B. C.
Fade ration ist, Limited
A. S.  Wells Manager
Office: Labor Temple, 405 Dunsmuir St.
Tel. Exchange Seymour 7495
After 6 p.m.,  Seymour 7497K
foreign,   $2.00   per year;   Canada,   $1.50
per  yew;   lu Vancouver City,   $2.00 per
{ear;   to   Unions  Hubscribing  in   a  body,
1.25 per member per year.
"Unity of Labor:   tho Hopo of the World"
FBIDAY January 17, 1919
THEBE IS AN element in society,
that is neither suro of its position,
or as to whoro it is going.   This
element has the opinion that it is above
tho working cluss, and while recognizing that it is not in
■NO tho capitalistic class,
'TWEEN yot it can not shako
POSITION. off thc illusion, that
at some time it mny
by some stroke of fortune, become
wealthy. The members of this section
of Boc.ety are vory much concerned
about tbo future, They uru very much
concerned nbout the sacredness of pro
porty rights, etc., and view with c
great deal of alarm tho onrushing wave
of democracy, which is sweeping
through the world. Fod, ns thoy have
been, through tho press, and by the
modern writers who depict tho possi
bilitios of "good men" coming to the
top, and becoming financial magnates,
or at leust captains of industry, they
aro unable to understand their position
In socioty. As a result of their illu
sions, they are prone to think that
there is some common ground where
capitnl and labor can como together,
and arc at all times fooled by the proposals which are made by tho lnrge
financial and industrial magnates,
which aro put forth as being schemes
whereby industrial strifo can be eliminated. Strange to say, this clement in
society, while not exactly in tho runks
of tho wage workers—but is composed
of small employers of Labor, and the
small trading class—is suffering, and is
bound to suffer in thc near future, just
as much as are the wago workers. And
they aro daily being driven from their
point of temporary vantage into tho
ranks of thc daily laborer. Ono has
only to como into contact with the shipyard workors, and this fuct cnn bc
proved very readily. In this industry
will bo found men working as common
laborers, men that prior to the slump in
business, which commenced in the yenr
1913—and was only relieved by the
outbreak of thc war, and the consequent increased demand for the munitions of war—wero building contractors, small business meu with a corner
grocory or some other kind of Btoro,
and many others that by somo hocus
pocus business proposition, were if uot
omployers of labor, in the position
where they did not hnve to ahswer tho
whistle of tho master class in ordor to
earn a living.
* * *
One has only to go out to the sub
urbs of any modern city in this country
to see the ruins of the cherished dreams
of this clement. In Vancouver tho evidences aro to bo found in abundance,
in tho empty stores, and other small
buildings erected for business or manufacturing' purposes during the boom-
times, when even wage workers wcro
filled with hopo of in tho near futuro
becoming wealthy by the real estate
route. Thc ruins of these hopes can
also bc seen in tho suburbs of nny city
in this Dominion. Thoy arc material
ruins) for thoy consist of houses not
finished ,and which by the naturo of
their construction showed at least tho
ambitions of thoso that first conceived
tho possibilities of having n "homo of
their own." Alns ,those dreams wero
shattered by tho industrial depression
of pre-war days; many a hope was
blasted ,and many n man lost all his
"savings," and ail that ho had made
by tho scramble in Ihe boom days. And
thus it must bc with tho dreams of
those thnt can sec the day when capita]
and labor can "get together." These
men do not realize that there is a class
strugglo going on, and that this strugglo must, as it progresses, bring out
more and moro clearly tho line of demarcation between the classes, and that
tho Btruggic must ever become fiercer.
Tho business oloment, the small trading
class is swiftly and surely heing driven
to tho verge of destruction, the development of tho system must tend to ever
greater efficiency, and to tho elimination of tho smaller fry in tho business
world. Combinations of the manufacturing interests nro daily being brought
ab.-iH, :ind the same thing is going on
amongst tht*. financial concerns. Tho I
departmental store will as sure as the
sun will rise on the morrow, be the destruction of tho potty trader. The large
manufacturing combines spells tho eli-
tittnation of tho small manufacturer,
and look whnt over way ono will, thero
cannot bo found a ray of hope for this
element that still clings to thc hopo
that it may be suved from being driven
into tho ranks of tho wage earners,
Schemes such as put forth by the Standard Oil and Rockefeller interests nro
but rod herrings across tho trail. Thoy
aro not only that, but they aro positively dangerous to tho interests of the
wnge workers as such. They nro aimed
lo lie tho worker to the job. To mako
his position even worso than it is at
present. Thoy are framed with thq object of breaking the power of the workers through orgnnized offort. Pension
aohomoB, and sick benefits, and old-age
pensions and other paternal offerings
of the employers to thoir employees,
are deliberately designed to break up
tho industrial organizations of tho
workers. They aro so designed that
for a man to strike or to quit thc job,
would placo him in the position of losing those Bo-called benefits. They aro
the lost efforts of a ruling class to fasten moro securely than over the shack-
l._ of wago slavery on the workers.
* * »
Capital and labor can novor get togothor.    That faot must be  realized
sooner or later. It might as well bc
realized at this time, and tho sooner thc
workers, and thoso that aro of the
opinion that thoy aro not placed in the
same position ns are the wage'earners,
get this fact into their heads, tho sooner will thoy bring about a change in
society. The robber and the robbed'
havo nothing in common, and there can
be no method adopted that will make
tho robbery more palatable. The class
struggle is growing more intense evcty
day. In Europo the final strugglo has
commenced. Thoso that fear tho word
revolution, and by their actions—sincere and honest though they may bc—
aro endeavoring to bring about industrial poaco under the prosent system,
are but ai'ting as a drag on thc wheels
of progress. They are acting aa a
buffer between the workers and their
goal. It is this eluss that ut all times
is thc bulwark of tho ruling class. They
arc fooled and cajoled into defending
tho Bystem by which thc misery of tho
workers is created. Let tho friends of
labor, and those that cannot seo tho
position, stand aside. Those that
either by design, or through ignorance,
are hindering the progress of the
struggle, and the onward march of
the proletariat, will be obliterated.
The small business.man must get wise
to the fact that he.altio must some day
join up with the dispOBCBsed or with
the ruling class; ther.c cannot be any
between position, Thoso that act the
part of the buffer are suro to get hurt
in the process.
insensate ruling class, bent only on
world domination. Two lessons can bo
learnt from thoso early revolutionists,
one of thc workers, tho other by the
ruling claBB. Thc workers must realizo
that in this case, tho forces of progress
arc with them, nnd the ruling class will
bo compelled to realize that the world
is full of revolt against tho present
system, and that tho workers will finally triumph.
RECENTLY THE Daily Province,
in  explaining  the  party  name,
VSpartacus," adopted by Liebknecht and his followers, stated that
tho original Spartacus was a bandit.
Ward, in "Tho And-
TWO ent   Lowly,"  states
LESSONS that   Spartacus   was
TO LEAEN. in   nil    respects,
worki ngman. I n
othor words, Spartacus was a slnve,
He rose from amongst his fellow sluvca.
in the year 74 B. C, when the Roman
ruling class wcro attempting to havo
the law granting tho right of freo organization repealed, on the ground that
it was corrupting politics as well as tho
goneral morals of Rome., Although a
perusal of Roman history would lead
one to believo that in so far as ruling
class morals were concerned ,they wero
about at the lowest ebb. Like all other
slaves thut revolt, tho slaves that rc-
oltcd with Spartacus, wero looked
upon as bandits, only todny they are
not called bandits, but are designated
as Bolshevikis. But with the ruling
class of the present ago definition of
thc Bolsheviki, the word bandit would
fit in very well. And we find tho modern slave who has the courage to revolt j
is dubbed a blood-thirsty villinn, nnd
that his prototype in Roman history is
dubbed by tho press of today, a bandit.
Ward, however, has tho following to
say of Spartacus, and it may be that in
tho future, historians, may give a different definition of the Bolsheviki to
the ono given today.
* * *
"Historians were mostly of tho
aristocratic or noble stock; because*,
as their business was to record the
deeds of heroes, thc laboring raco
was considered too insignificant to
do thut work. So in tho earlier
times, soldiers wero of nobler stock
thun workingmen, for tho samo reason. Thus wo find in almost overy
instance, that historians wore of
{fable blood, whilo sculptors, architects, poets and teachers were descendants from tho slaves,
"Among the most remarkable of
tho workingmen of ancient days,
whoso genius revolted into rebellion against tho servile condition,.
was Spartacus. Judging from
piecemeal evidence, scantily, and
wo might also say, stingily nnnoun-
ced by tho historians of his time,
tho deeds of Spartacus, for valor,
for success, for magnitude, and for
the terror they struck into the
hearts of the proud Romans, wero
equal if not superior to thoso of
Hannibal. The more our investigation of tho darkened facts reveals
the sagacity and purity of this
man, the more profound becomes
thu respect and the moro intense
tho admiration for him by nil truo
lovers of gallantry and freedom.
In fact, there are interests astir
in tho human brenst, which must
load to a more searching acquaintance with the fountains at tho social penetralia of tho times, that
bubbled forth under his terrible
hand and shook thc social and politicnl world from centre to surface, pnling the senators und tribunes ut Rome."
# *        *
With a knowledge of Spartacus, and
the real story of tho Roman slave revolt, there is littlo wonder that Liebknecht und his followers adopted the
party name of Spartacus, but tho ending of tho movemont iu Gormany will
novor end tho sumo way as did the
slavo revolt in those -early days in Roman history, Spartacus, without uny
ussistuuee from the slaves of any other
lund, with no international movement
as wo know of today, kopt tho ruling
class hordes at bay for four years. Ho
defeated their forces in at leust ten
decisivo battles, beforo ho wns finally
defeated. And tho history of his do-
feat, and of tho slaughter of tho followers of this doughty rebel, are such
as to make one shudder. Every ono of
tho G000 who fell as prisoners into the
hands of tho Romans were hung on thc
cross on the Appian way, and as Ward
says, "for months their bodios dung-
led thero to delight tho vengounce-lov-,|
ing gentry,"
* *        ♦
It may be that for tho moment tho
present revolt of thc working class
against tho prevailing system may bo
checked. But the very development of
capitalism is in theso days playing into
the hands of the working class. Any
attempt to slaughter tho workers for
their attempts to obtain froodom in
this ago will bc resented by the workers of all lands. A blood brotherhood
exists amongst the workers of all lands,
Tho object of the workors of nil nations
in tho same, and while thoy may have
fought against ono another on the battlefields of Europo, they will never
again be used as tho tools of a mad,
IF ALL WE are told is true, thero
will be close to 30,000 troops back
iu British Columbia by tho end of
June,   There is nothing very alarming
in that, it may be said.   But when it
is    considered    that
STILL thc number of unom-
GETTING ployed    is    growing
WORSE. every   day   in   this
glorious lund of ours,
and that tho returning men will only
help to swell that ever-growing army
of discontent, those that arc concerned
about tho stoppage of the spread of
Bolshevism—as pictured in the press
of this land of freedom, and which, if
all uccounts ure true, can bo stopped
by seeing that there is plenty of food—
should at once get busy, for with much
unemployment there will bo little food,
at least for thoso that ure unemployed.
Meu that havo fought for freedom,
will never be content to starve £or the
lack of bread, und will not be satisfied
with tho husks, or with Boup kitchens
or any olher means of staving off hunger
that muy bo devised by a charitably-
minded public. Whon tho last Victory
J Loan drivo was on, tho workers were
told that if tho loan was raised, that
it would mean the continuation of tho
shipbuilding programme. Then thero
was a lot of talk of tho timber that
would bo needed from this province,
for tho rebuilding of Europe. Scarcely
has tho campaign finished, when consternation, not only amongst tho workors, but amongst tho business and
manufacturing interests, is brought
about by press statements as to the
cessation of thc shipbuilding program
mo, and that no orders nre coming this
way for tho timber with which to rebuild Europe. Vancouver is full of timber workers. Thero aro numbers of
every description of workors without
work. Shipyard workera aro being laid
off daily. Tho employers in this industry sny that they cannot pny tho wages
that are being demanded—nnd which,
if the terms of the Robertson agreemont with which tlio employers wero in
full accord at the timo—wero carried
out, should bo paid. Tho war is scarcely over, nay tho terms of poaco aro not
yot signed, and tho workors are faced
with conditions that1 would indicate
that they will develop into nt least as
bad ns they wore prior to the war.
Such is the freedom and democracy
that tho best of tho land went to light
for. The soldicra and thc workerB—or
the workers, for the soldiers as soon as
they discard tho khaki, arc workers—
must take this problom in hand. There
is none other thnt can assist in bringing about freedom from poverty, than
themselves. How long will this humbug of thoso workers who have beon in
thc fighting forces, and thoso that have
been in the industrial arena, being in
separate camps, and manipulated by the
lords of industry and politics, continue?
Tho fight for decomracy is not over. It
never will be over until the means of
wealth production aro owned and controlled by thoso that use thom. Then ■
thero will be no fear of unemployment, i
Today work is the goal of tho average
worker. In thc future lifo in abundance will bo thoir lot, providing they
realizo that tho only question that is
waiting to bo solved, is tho ownership
of thc job. Today tho juling class
owns thc job.by virtue of tho class ownership of the moans of life.
they arc not teaching the young idea
to shoot, they are at least teaching the
younger generation the threo Rs., which
it is necessary for them to have at least
a nodding acquaintance with, in order
to carry on capitalistic production. The
idea of dignity for workers is, in theBe
timcB preposterous, and tho teachers
might as woll realize at this stage of
the game, that money talks, and to get
it they must organize.
Evidently Lloyd Oeorge has learned
a trick or two from the Canadian politicians, who havo from timo to time
visited the old land. From the London
Times we learn that 50 per cont. of
the soldiors in tho recent election did
not receive their ballots until after tho
election was over. Whilo tho ballot
was not mnnipulated, a much better
scheme was adopted—-by keeping tho
means of political expression from
those that would most likely vote
against the Coalition. ThiB smacka
somewhat of the War Times Election
Act in Canada. Perchance Premier
Borden has served some useful purpoBO
after all, and has been instrumental in
saving Lloyd George's empiro from destruction by the British Bolsheviki,
which will no doubt bo found amongst
thoso that made the world safe for democracy. Ah, well! it may be that
the empire wus saved, but one thing is
sure, and that is that thero must be
fear in the hearts of thc ruling class
in thc old land, for as a rule the ballot
is sacred in that laud,
CHEWING THE CUD
Thc first sign of the Dominion government's programmo of reconstruction appeared in the press on Thursday.
In all the Vancouver papers tho nows
was heralded that Vancouver- wna to
havo a new feature. This new departure is tho stationing of 150 of tho
Northwest Mounted Polico at Hastings
Park, To thoso who remember thc hard
timqp on this coast at tho time of the
Powell Stroot affair, and who see tho
signs of anothor period of similar
"prosperity," tho introduction of tho
mounted police is significant. It will
not be long beforo tho aoldiors who
fought for democracy on Flanders'
Fields will bo back again, and as it has
so often boen said, hunger and oppression is tho cause of "Bolshevism,"
it does not seem improbable that this
new move on tho part of tho government is taken with this bright idea in
viow. It must, however, bo roincmbor-
cd, that mon who have been taught to
do things by foreu cannot bo -intimidated by force, and that with an intelligent working class, and an outraged
army of men that have fought for democracy on tho Fields of Flanders, 150
mounted police wilt De of littlo uso; it
may even be thnt a number of those
men will also havo fought for democracy, and that they may r'efuso to be
used us the tools of the govornment
fo keep down revolt at a condition
similar to that in Iho days referred to.
The touchers of this provinco ure
very much concerned about tho over-
increasing cost of living. Unlike othor
workers, their monetary wagos hnvo
not increased to uny appreciable extent, und its n result, they ure talking
of taking some action. Now it is not
often that anything can be found in
thc Morning Sun that is worth repeating, unless it is to contradict it, or to
show up the nonsensicul sido of it,
Dealing with this matter, however, tho
Sun had tho following to say:
"With pooplo in almost every
walk of lifo demanding and getting
an increase of pay, there seems to
be no good reason why tho school
teachers should bo left out. The
cost of living has been rising for
them as well as for anybody else.
How would it bo if tho teachers
wore to form a Union and affiliate
with tho Trades and Labor Council? Tho polico and firemen have
found this an effective mothod of
securing attention. A minimum
salary of a thousand dollars a yoar
is moderate enough, and tho School
Hoard should pay it without grumbling."
Wo pass the suggestion of thc Sun on
to the teachers ,nnd suggest thnt they
get over being "respectable" if by remaining in that classification they are
not ablo to got sufficient filthy lucre In
order to provido them with a decent
living. Tho teachers are very useful
to the present employing eluss, ns while ,
Thc bearing of that remark of Mrs.
Farris about universities being the
breeding plnces of public leaders lies
tho "application on it." Her husband
is n university man, John Oliver graduated from thc pits and tho field.
* «   «
A first Canadian peace-fruit: Ontario
prohibits the showing of a film picturing tho landing of President Wilson in
France. Next to be Iookod for: The
oxcision from tho school books of pictures of tho landing of Christopher
Columbus in America.
* *    *
In Ontario a man hns been jailed for
having a copy of Plato's "Republic.'*
But I don't believe a warrant was is*
sued for the arrest of Tom Moore on
tho information of a policeman that
ho is the author of a pernicious Bolshevik book entitled "Utopia."
* *    *
Bolshevism     cannot     be    guarded
agninst by curses uny moro effectually
than tho flue can be by profanity.
"Tho Bolshoviki spectre frightons nn
uneasy conscience,'' writes Professor
Leacock of McGill. "In this country,
aa in others—in this country perhaps
more than in nny othor—tho political
power of amalgamated capitnl has becomo too grent. Our great corporations
are changing from subjects of national
pride to objects of national suspicion.
Thc bruto powor of money lies like a
dead weight on the spirit of our politics. Tho simple commonwealth of fifty
years ago, jn which few wore rich and
nono wero poor, threatens to bo replaced by a plutocracy standing ngainst
a hostile and discontented labor proletariat, with a middlo cluss hesitant between, wondering which master they
shall serve."
As a spectre the professor regards
it as "tho best thing which has como
into the world since the mediaeval devil
went out of it."
Through tho bewildering fog of propaganda light at length has penetrated
to the Russian question, Now wo know
that Britain urged a truce und proposed
that the Soviet government be heard at
thc peace conference. Tho French govornment objected. Because of that objection our armed intervention goes on.
Was our government informed of tho
situation when Canadians were so recently forcod to Siberia? If so, tho responsibility of tho ministry is gravely
increased. If not, the official announcements of our primo minister being in
the innermost councils of the empire as
lho spokesmnn of a co-equal states aro
merest mockeries.
Mr. Ewart, tho eminent Canadian
constitutionalist, sounded a warning
when the birth of tho imperial war
cabinet wns heralded, Thoro is an
apathy in Canada about basic matters
of state. No general notice has been
given to the movement toward imperial
centralization wliich has boon pressed
with much' skill and assiduity sinco the
days of Joseph Chamberlain, It gained
considerable momentum during tho war,,
and attained a higher form of organ-
ism. There was a sign to those who
could roud it in Premier'Bordon's Now1
Year's message. He spoke not of the.
Empire, but of the "Brittnnic States."!
Hamilton, tho great Amorican central-1
ist and anti-democrat, is much revered
by our imperial contralizers. His ideas
applied to thc Empiro would make of
it a federal union in which thc overseas, dominions would stand in relation
to tho central government at London ns
stand the states of thc United States
to tho government at Washington,
It behooves ub, if wo place valuo
upon tho liberties transmitted to ub by
tho sturdy men of earlier days who
won them, to bo wary lent what appear
as haphazard administrative arrniiRe*
ments of war mny bo ways for slipping
us back to government from Downing
Street.
• •    •
Our Intervention in Russia ennnot by
livo phrases bo made othor than war
and wnr undeclared nnd for a questionable purpose. In Russia, ns tho Manchester Guardian has said. "Wo aro
fighting ngainst a form of tho states
nnd a conception of property which wc
dislike, but whicli it is not our business to overthrow by forco of nrms in
another country." In tho samo journal
it iB nsked, "Cnn there be any doubt
that our soldiers' lives, taken without
their own or the nation's knowledgo or
consent, aro being expendod to secure
profits for our capitalists?"
Was it not Mr. Rowell, Minister in the Borden government,
who said right hero in British Columbia
that our intervention in Russia had an
advantageous economic sido!
• *    •
Agnes Lant rages in the January
McLeans ovor tho menace of tho Amerl.
can merchant mnrine. Hear her.
"Thoro is a seaman's law in tho Unitod Stntes which tho Labor Unions will
never permit to bo repeated. It compels more shifts, shorter hours, highor
pay than any other merchant marine
in the world permits." Isn't that horrible? And because tho U. S. ships consequently cost some fifty per cont more
to run President Wilson is going to
have the audacity to ask the peace conference to provide for the standardization of seamen's wnges and working
conditions at the Americnn level. Heri
blood boils. She Oflks: "Would Canada)
stand for that?—Canada with her big
merchant marine expansion policy?''
Eh, whatl   She trows not.
* * •
"Germany is the land of false dogmas, '' declares the Sunday Colonist.
Germany, thc land of Luther! But tho
editor didn't have Luther in his mind.
It was Marx, accompanied by the Bolshevik spectre. After all it was from
Harrington, an English writer, that
Marx got the cue to the "materialistic
interpretation of history" and from
French Socialists the theory of surplus
wealth. -'' Only the German chauvinists," remarked the New Republic recently, "will claim that present day
Socialism is in any true senso German,
If it bears one national character rather
than nnother, that character is
French.''
* •    •
Mr. Hughes of Australia and some
others should bo told that in the exercising of evil spirits punctilious precautions must bo taken against the
unclean spirits entering into tho exercises themselves.
* *    *
Sir John Willison admits that "it
may be that thero was some profltoor-
ing or thut some manufacturers mado
much money." But ho comforts us with
the assurance that "it is an oconomic
law that when prices are rising profits
accumulate."
Now would Sir John vouchsafe to
tell us whether that law was made by
God, by Mammon or by the Canadian
parliament.
* •    *
Recovered quickly from war psychology, ex-Premier Scott of Saskatchewan
wns making in his Moosojaw Times
rags and tatters of tho phylacteries of
our Union government when his attention was unfortunately diverted by the
flambuoyancy of tho cables over President Wilson ut Buckingham Palace,
Our government is bad enough but he
be darned if he'd live in a country
where the actual political head of
things stands beforo high heaven as the
representative of the nation. It is the
part of real democracy to "go staggering nbout" (to borrow from the lucid
Leacock) "our political path bearing
about us a sot of anachronisms, formalisms and impossibilities as cumbcrous
as a mediaeval suit of armor in a gymnasium." Walter Scott knows what ho
is talking about and to whom he's
talking. That he is a genuine democrat
none will deny; and wo boliovo him
when ho tells us that ho ia moro intimate with the King than ever tho president was. He gives tho proof. Ho
tells us (saving tho presence of the prohibitionists) that he knows tho King
likes a "swig of Scotch," But Wnlter
will remember, though he forgets to
mention it, thut tho gold dishes wero
not put on tho table when the Saskatchewan politician lunched at the palace.
* m    •
A result of the war, which Cnnndinn
citizen soldiers fought valiantly nnd
died heroically to win, is that Rumania
now hns a government so democratic
and froe as to bo preparing to expropriate largo estates for allotment among
former rack-rented peasants.
It ia a sad contrasting circumstance
thnt the Government of Canada has an*
nouueed no step to provido for our sol
diers, who in mercy wcro saved from
tho inferno, land by expropriation out
of tho somo thirty millions of acres
held for unearned increment, and within easy reach of railways, by corporations and over-gorged individual speculators. Expropriation seems to havo
becomo a fearsome term among our
statesmen. Yet it is a word our laws
and preachers hnvo long dono reverence to. It indicates the legal, as
against tho revolutionary, means of
tnking land for public purposes. And
is thero a higher public purposo thnn
to provide for tho men who took their
lives in their hands for thcir country.
brehon Mccarty.
VICTORIA METAL TBADES
COUNCIL HOLDS SESSIONS
Reports of Troublo Between Hospital
and Workmen's Compensation Act
Board Not True
Tho weekly meeting of tho Metnl
Trados Council held on Friday evening
was well attended and a largo amount
of business transacted. President
Dakers occupied tho chair. Credentials
wore received and delegates seated
from the following organizations: Pile-
drivers, Brothers, McDonald, Ford,
Bolton; Riggers and Stevedores, Bro.
W. Tyson; A. C. & J. 2051, Bro. IL J.
Jones. Thc smoking concert committeo reported a balanco of $00 -to tho
good from tho last smoker.
Communications woro received from
the Compensntion Board and Sister
Mary Catharine of St. Joseph's Hospital stating that tho reference mado in
soma of thc unionB to tlio nttitude of
tho hospital management to accident
cuses (in which it waa said thnt the
hospital did not want accident cases
owing to tho Workmen's Compensation
Board not paying the bills), was incorrect; that the hospital management
had no troublo whatover with the
board; but the reason for non-admittance of accidont casos was that all
available space in St. Joseph's wns
takon by the government for returned
soldiors.
President Dakers drew tbo couneil 'b
attention to the fact that the Oivil
Servants were that evening organizing
and considered it one of thc most important steps which had been taken
for somo timo, and a move in tho right
direction.
A lengthy discussion arose over the
question of tho Foundation Company
bringing in nlien labor from tho United
States and using various pretexts tu
ovude the -jMion Act, Ono instance was
quoted whero a ship from Portland, the
Luneville, bringing bolts, fastenings,
otc, wus manned by a make-believe
crew, somo of whom as soon us tho
ship touched Victoria, had started
work us foremen in the Foundation
yards. Tho dclcgutcs wore of the
opinion thut there were men capable
of holding these positions in the ynrds,
without tho introduction of alien lubor,
and looked with much distrust on the
actions of the Foundation Company iu
tho matter, one delegute stating thut
tho newcomers looked liko "gumshoe"
men to him! Cholberg's yard was again
cited ou the Ust of troublesome outfits,
wnich, togothor with u tussol botwoen
tho Riggers and Piledrivers' delegates,
contributed to tho liveliness of the
in out ing.
The council went on record as supporting the watchmen of tho ynrds in
their efforts to obtain the retroactive
incrcaso of pay which had been refused
them, President Dukors stating that
the mon wero worthy of the bost assistance of tho council,
WHAT ARE THE FACTORS?
What constitutes a fine diamond. First, it must
be flawless. It should be so cut that the number
and size of the facets, the crown, the pavilion,
the girdle—all contribute in their proportion to
its dazzling brilliance. Shape and color must
also be considered.
Oranvw, ut
GMigii Sta.
Q«o. E. Trotey
Man. Dir.
In selecting a Birks'
Diamond yon have tho
fuU.it pouibl. gaaru*
tM aa to Its quality.
Finer diamonds than
Birks' aro not procur*
able.
"Tto Houn Behind tto Goodi"
"THE PEWBB TRE HABITS THE
BETTEB THE MAN"
THE W. H. MALKIN CO.
Limited
VANCOUVEB, B. O.
CANADA FOOD BOABD
License No. 6-542
License No. 3-453
TWENTY- JIVE YEABS AGO
Vancouver Trades and Labor
Oonneil
[January 6, 1894]
January 19, 1894
F. P. Bishop, F. D. Burton nnd 8. J.
Pnrkea  (painters), W. Towler, W. H.
Walden nnd W. Collier (bricklayers)'
took seats ns delegates.
Officers elected:.. W. Towler, president; W. Lawson, vice-president; F. P.
Bishop, secrotary; Chns. Koine, treasurer; (ico, Bartloy, statistician; J.
Clarke, doorkeeper. Auditing committee, Messrs. Wilson, Fowler and Bumble. Orgnnizntion, Messrs; Oalbniith,
Bost and Harrison. Parliamentary,
Messrs. Twaddle, Fowler, Walker,
Thomas, Gngcn and Bartley. Civic,
Messrs. Nye, Bridge nnd Bishop. Arbitration, Messrs. Clnrke, Kaine nnd
Rumble. Social, Messrs. Walker, Law-
son, Humble  uud Fowler.
Mr. Mallott addressed tho council,
urging tho necessity of selecting candidates for the provincial elections.
Refuse Higher Bates
St. Paul—The stato railroad commission has denied thc application of the
Tri-State Telegrph and Telephono Company und Northwestern Telephono Exchange Company for an inerease in
rutcs in this state. Tho companies said
they wanted to raise wages, but the
commission held that this was possiblo
without increases to tho public.	
Now Orleans—Colored box makors
hnve formed a union aud affiliated with
tho A. F. of L,
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabric*
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
value
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Clothes
Rogers Building
Fit-Reform
Clothing
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at  both  stores
J. W. Foster
Limited
—8AV8 TOUB HOKBr—
START A BABX AOOOIWT I»
THE MERCHANTS
BANK OF CANADA
Don't alow away your apare auk U
any old eorner wkere lt In la duf«
from burglare or flre.
Tki* Merchauta Btnk of Caa»J» of
fera yon perfect eafety tor you
money, and wtll give yea full banklai
■i-r-r.cn, wlietfcer yonr aeecant la l-u-f*
or -iiuftll-
Intereat allowed on atrlnga (Jap*-
■ita.
0. V. 1TAOET, Mutter
OnarUl* and PtaflM
W. 0. JOT. Mkunr
Haitlngi ui Oarrall
M00BP0B4TBD 1168
Bank of Toronto
£S*L— - '.witoaooi
wpoaiti   63,000,000
Joint Savings Account
A JOINT Barlnga Aimcunt msy fca
opened at Tba Bank of Toronto
In tke n-tinea of two or mere
penona. In Ikeae account* oJtker
party nay atgn ckwjnea ar dftpoalt
money. For tke different membera of
a family or a Ann a Joint amount U
often ft great enriTenienee, intereat la
paid on balanoea.
Vancoutor   Branch;
Ooratr Haatinga and OamMt Striata
Branokea at:
Victoria,   Merritt,   Hew  Woatminrttr
King up Phoae Seymour 8354 for
appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Salts sol -Dominion Building
VAJJCODVEB, B. C.
I, B. CUTHBERTSON A 00.
Men'i H.tten and Outfitter!
IM OruTtlle atiMI
tit HuMip str»t w,„
Save Money on DRUGS
SPECIALS FOB
PBIDAY AND SATUBDAY
35o Abbey's Sail  22c
'!' '•"■nj.n'" Shoving Oro»m~"Z88o
60c Dnmlerino     48P
60c Diapeij-.il,    ZZ~-.'.Z~'.00e
16c CoIboi *'» Tooth Paste  ...120
BOo Emu elllod Cocoonul Oil  26c
J1.5CI Oriental   Cream   11.19
00c Scmpre  Qlovlno  ... J70
81.00 Melons *   }_
l_Wf'', i'*-*,!""1" Olnt*"cni".'"".".'28c
JJ-0" Liquid Petrolatum  600
25c Reld's Fluid Magnesia  17o
.1.00 Juixatod Iron   83c
60c Aromatic Casenrn    330
75o Scott's Emulsion   680
60c Chase's Olntmont  43c
50r. island's  I'llla       25o
26o Reld's  Cascara  Tablet!  170
60c Syrup o( White PIm, m_ Tar..32c
6O0 Pepsodrnt Tooth Paste  390
75o Parainlnt  _  ,  37a
50o Chase's Nerve Food  '".'.'.07e
81.00 Reld'. Blood FurMor  8gc
600 Theatrical Crcom  38c
81.00 Reld'a Syrup ol Hypopbos*
5c Mintoes    _     3a
26o Aspirin Tablets, doton ...."lSc
War Tu Extra When B^nlred
Vancouver Drug Co.
limited
Orlgkal Ont-Btte Drugglju
HAW STOBE
aot Baitljja W. . Bar. 1906 ud 1938
BBANOB STORES
1 HaiHnia W. Sey. 8832
782 OranTllla It. Be..VM
Oor. OrurtUa ud Broadway
.,-...    _.   B,»* mi tat 17110-
411 Mala Street Ser. Mlt
1700 Commercial Drive '
Hijh. 233 ud 1788-0 PBIDAY..
...J-uraarjr 17, IBM
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Statistician's roport, from July 1 to December 31, 1918, presented at lost
night's meeting of the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council. The report is
baaed on the number of members for which per enpita tax is received. The attendanco of delegates at meetings is bused on the signing of roll book. Delegates not signing the roll aro marked absent:
Organisations affiliated: 68 December 31, in July 63; gain of five affiliations. Membership January 1, 1918, 9,066; July 1, 1918, 10,968; December 31,
1918, 13,085; gain during six months, 2,117; gain in 1918, 4,019. Membership is
entitled to 299 delegates.  Average attendance per meeting, 125 delegates.
Mo. of   Arge at-
1
Bricklayers ...—... —»v
|        Barbers   ....
 Members	
June         Dee.
<96           87
105        110
16 33
35.        34
1,000     1,200
46          41
170        192
220        225
38       110
— 125
88         75
200   '    300
450        450
265        269
00        130
— 70
50          50
350        450
100        150
118        126
200        200
— 50
65          90
42          42
20    .     20
222        275
100        100
375        500
50         60
661        647
400        400
— 50
141        142
— 286
10          10
45         38
100        100
211        225
40          40
120        106
— 140
160        160
52          61
125        200
40          44
230        300
225        250
40          40
111         106
40          28
73          60
700        750
65          07
50        100
80        100
38          26
911        781
640        650
200         200
20           20
60         100
70          70
185        191
17 15
25          25
600        055
.  22           19
155        300
10,968    13,085
Gain
5
18
200
22
5
72
125
100
4
40
70
100
50
7
60
25
53
125
86
50
1
286
14
140
0
75
4
70
25
60    .
32
60
14
110
50
6
55
145
2,343
Loss
9
1
5
13
7
14
5
12
13
12
130
2
3
228
Delegatee
Entitled
te
t
E
2
2
8
2
5
S
5
5
4
6
7
6
5
3
3
7
5
6
6
3
4
2
1
0
•5
7
3
7
6
3
5
6
1
2
E
6
2
5
5
6
3
6
2
6
6
2
5
2
3
7
4
6
5
2
7
7
6
1
5
3
6
1
2
7
1
8
299
tendaneo
per
Meeting
1.72
2.18
Bridge & Strue. Ironworkers
', .      Blacksmiths ■»	
Bakers....	
.81
2.81
1.27
.27
4.27
2.69
Carponters' Brotherhood 	
(        Carpenters, Anmlgumutod ....
6
4.27
2.45
.63
.81
Hotol nnd Restaurant Emp...
1.63
.09
4.63
I. A. M., 777	
I. A. M., 720	
3.27
1.27
5.90
Moving Picturo Operators ....
Minimum Wage League 	
Mill nnd Factory Workora....
3
6.10
.81
.27
1.30
1
1.81
3.27
Oil Refinery Workers	
Pressmen aud Assistants ....
1.81
2
1
2.36
3.36
1.00
.90
.18
.45
5.45
2
.64
1
.81
4.54
5.30
3.36
Retail Clerks 	
Street Rnilwny Employees	
1
1.45
1.72
5.36
.00
4.27
125.18
"
PAGE FIVE
LH.
IS REPLIED TO
The Right of Small Nations
WiU Only Stand a Uttle
Pressure
[By W. Bayliss]
Under the caption of a criticism of
"Peaco and Economic Interdependence," an artielo by L. W. Makovski
was published on page 20 of the Daily
Province, on Friday, Nov. 15, 1918, in
which thoro are some misleading
sentences, one of which stands out very
prominontly. It is in tho flrst paragraph, and tho ordinary working class
reador is very liable to overlook it.
In this criticism I will quote the wholo
artielo as printed. I wall not miss any
signs; this is important, and is pointed
out to help tho reader in his or hor observation when reading articles of importance.
Mr. Makovski says: "It has boon
computed that in tho last four years
twenty-five to thirty million persons
hnve diod in ordor to establish tho
right of small nations to exist, and the
sacred naturo of n nation's bond.
Everybody knows that when Germany
declared war sho 'must hack her way
through' Belgium, despite tho fact
tlmt sho wns onc of tlio guarantors of
Belgian neutrality. The British people
refused to recognize that necessity and
immediately swung tho war out of tho
rut of economic or physicnl conquest
into tho spiritual atmosphoro of idealism. It has boen admitted over and
over again that It would havo been
most difficult, if not impossible, to
fling tho British Empiro into the scales
against Germany if it had not been for
the violation of Bolgian neutrality."
According to this article, tho general
idea nnd principle fought for was "tho
right of small nations to exist, and to
mako sacred any bond which binds
them. I am convinced thnt this was
the purposo fought for; but am not
convinced about it being the general
public's purposo. Tho rights of small
nations have to compoto with tho
rights of largo nations, and the bonds,
sacred though they be, can only atand
a certain nmount of pressure This is
the test of its sacredness. Tho rights
. of nations means in this cnso, the free-
;_ 5 ' dom to extend trade in the world mar-
Hotel and Bestaurant Employees
At tho last meeting of the Hotel and
Restaurant Employees, held on Wod-
ncsduy evening, ton new members wero
admitted. Bro. Mackenzie is bnck on
tho job, although far from well. A
dance will bo held in the auditorium
on February 5, nnd if tho past affairs
aro any criterion, a good time will bo
assured to thoso that attend. McLeod's, Mclntyre's and tho Post Offico
cafes are still on tho unfair list.
Street Railwaymen
Tho New Westminster Street and
Electric Railway Employees at the last
meeting elected their officers for tho
yenr, tho successful candidates being
as follows: President, B. P. Jamieson;
vice-president, Win. Banks; secretnry,
Herbert Bell; financial secretary, W.
Yatos; conductor, W. Walmsloy; warden, A. Wallace; sentinel, Wm. Andrews; auditors, L. Grimmer, H. Swan
nnd A. Wallace.
Structural Ironworkers
Local 97 held its regular meoting last
Monday. Tho following officers woro
elected for the coming yenr: President, James Hastings; vice-president,
Goo. Gunn; recording rccretary, James
Jamieson; financial secretary nnd treasurer, Roy Massacar; sergeant-at-arms,
Bert Bronson; conductor, James Rankin; trustees, R. Brinoy, A. V. Woods,
A. W. Schofield. Thc new executive
is requested to meet in Room 218
Labor Temple, Sunday, tho 19th.
Harry Maekay Passes Out
The members of organized labor in
this eity will learn with regret that
Bro. Harry Maekay of Local 213 of tho
Electrical Workers passed away, a victim of tho "flu," on Wodnesday ovening. Harry was woll known in this
locality; he was an nctive member ef
his organization nnd his cheery manner
nnd commonsense viewpoint of matters
affecting tho electrical workors will bo
missed by his • co-workers.
New Officers Elected
Tho Victoria Trados and Lnbor Council, at tho regular meeting on Wednesday evening elected tho following officers for the coming term: President,
J. Woodward; vice-president, J. Taylor; seeretary-trensurer, Christian Sivertz; sergeant-nt-nrms, W. Campbell;
executive committee, T. Dooley, Mrs.
E. Sutton nnd J. Stevenson. Tho officers were duly obligated and assumed
thcir positions.
"Mary's Ankle" It At the Empress
Mary's Ankle." a delightful comedy
whlch mndo all thu -eastern cities ucruam
with laughter, wtll bo tho attraction at tho
Kmiirt-KK noxt week, and all thoso who enjoyed "Our Littlo Wife" and "Jerry," will
t,*o Into rapluros over "Mary's Ankle." Bo,
Mrs. Wife, If your husband comei homo
and tolls you he saw "Mary's Ankle," don't
Rft jealous—hu'll mean tho play. Mary is
just about  one of the cutest girls you over
, anil thn naughty ankle causes ell tho
male sex—but there, come down to tho Km-
K--HK noxt week and get acquainted with
Mary and you'll not blame them. ***
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
FOR ALL TRADES
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St. W. :: Vancouver, B. C.
SPECIALISTS IN HONEST FOOTWEAR
An Extra Special
Man's Shoe
In Gunmetal Calf—a shoe that will give an excellent
account of itself and that carries an air of good
style as well.
Neolin, fibre or leather sole. New recede toe last,
and Goodyear welted—an easy fitter.
For a man who wants a nice, elean-cut looking shoe
at a reasonable figure this offering should have
strong appeal.
$6.00 the Pair
GOODWIN SHOE CO.
119 HASTINOS STREET EAST
GOODWIN'S GOOD SHOES
ket. (To dnte,* however, tho conqnorcd,
according to press opinions, will bo
handicapped.) }
To extend trade menns to bo able to
exploit the possessors of labor power—
slaves. Supposing such nn ideal is
established, and production goes on unmolested, will not the modernized mnchinery lessen tho cyclo time of tho
usual crisis! Someone says, "Do you
take cognizanco of reconstruction and
developmentf"   And I answer, yes.
There will be no reconstruction undertaken which will not proiniso greater roturfts for tho investment. Capital
ia neutral in sentiment. It does not
reBpect anything but that which is advantageous to itself. It would cease to
function as capital If it wcro used purely for ubo. Reconstruction means using
capital more efficiently. Labor power
is here included. The reconstruction
of industries implies the reduction of
hands in relation to old methods. Reconstruction of farms reduces farm
hands. It simply means creating n
surplus of labor power to be consumed
in other occupation under the head of
development.
Now for development. Past history
hns proven one thing nbovo nil others-
that where development has takon
place in the form of a railway into new
territory, tho revenuo accruing thcro-
froni has in most cases boen enormous.
That instead of being a market, it
needs one. Capital will not bo spent
making roads haphazardly; and seeing
judgment is used with a viow to profits, how cnn this phase help society?
It simply means greater production,
Each nation becomes more and moro
self-sustaining, and tho chief nations
becomo more than self-sustaining, that
is, they require n market for the surplus. Self-sustained socioty under
capitalism does not moan plenty for nil
by nny menns. It means baro necessities for tho slavo class nnd plenty for
tho master class. Tho slave, worldwide, is bought at cost, food, clothing
and shelter. Tho world market is open
to world capitalism, or '' the rights
of nations." The conditions within the
world market havo to bo met by each
nation individually. Tho differenco in
tho cost of slaves will tell either advantageously or disadvantageously.
Horo is where capital conflicts with
itself. Capital is more or less International, especially so within the chief
industrially dovoloped countrios. A
stato of affairs in which enpita! conflicts will havo a tendency to reaction.
This will be tho testing timo of nation's bonds. When ono nation
through the cheapness of its slnves
can swamp another on tho markot,
, whnt will becomo of tho swamped nation? Tho freedom of trade is sacred.
It cannot bc violated. "A hungry
mob lias no conscience." A working
class forced into idleness, and understanding their clasH position within
capitalist society, will not pay much
ut tent ion to the sacrcdnesB of capitalistic bonds, and capitalistic rights
of small nations. This action, however, will be dotormfnod by the needs
of the hour. Whnt form, or to whut degree mass action will go will be determined by its intelligence.
The rights of Bmall nations is a clnss
measure in favor of tho master. It is
a mensure intended to propagate nationalism. This is somothing the workers need to tight against. Tho measure is a reactionary ono evon from a
point of view of capitalist production;
but mark you. not from the capitalist's
standpoint. Capitalist production over
since its inception has developed the
process of production from individual
into a collective process, and now, in
this era, it has succeeded in producing its commodities. So that from the
point of viow of social production, under capitalism, tho rights of small nations is simply a joke played off at tho,
oxponflo of ignorant workers, ignorant
in point of their intorest. A bond
binds only so long as slaves aro kept
slaving. This period only lasts n Bhort:
timo. Wo will look into this a littlo
closer. Lot us do somo hiBtory reviewing.
This review of history holds no hopo
for tho worker who votes for capitalist,
reconstruction; rights of smnll nations,
—or big either—bonds, voluntary on-j
listment into H1b Majesty's—King's
capital—service; small bungalows, freo
farmsteads, and a host of othor tasty
tit-bits, which will   prove   thomselvos
very bitter to those who have to eat
them.
In reading history, especially that
dealing with trade, we find there are
times of prosperity and times of do*
pression. 'I might have placed an interrogation after prosperity; but as tho
word cannot be duplicated, and I havo
to uso it often, wo will let it go un*
molested. Prosperity means in every
instaneo, those periods when the workers were kopt employed at or near the
maximum. Depression means the reverse.
Ever since 1858 over-production has
boen the chief cause for depressing
times, panics, or wbat is termed a financial crisis. We will not go into details
concerning causes of these fluctuations
in trado, but simply relate them in order to show the reader the fallacy of
the hope held out by the capitalist class
in connection with futuro prosperity.
Thla is applicable, not only to Canada,
but to the whole world, and to the
greatest developed countries in particular.
What indicates prosperity and depressions? It is the employment of
labor; trade with foreign countries;
the amount of revenuo collected, particularly exclso or internal revenue
taxes; tho volume of bank clearances;
agricultural production; the production,
consumption, and prices of certnin
staple articles of manufacture, notably
iron and steel; railway tonnage und
earnings; businoss failures, Tho success or otborwise of these things determine whether a depression or a prosperity exists. When boiled down, it
simply means, when workers have lots
of work the time is worthy of tho title
of prosperity, and whon idleness is enforced through over-production it -is
worthily termed depressing times. Both
aro depressing to the slave class; but
the onc is more acuto than tho other.
Whilst, on the other hand, the owners
of tho means of lifo enjoy ease and
luxury at alt times.
During periods of depressions, production dooB not decrease at the same
ratio, and this fact explains the increasing rapidity of crisis following
crisis. The machinery is being improved nt all times, and consequently
tho rise and fall of good and hard times
comes faster and faster, until it bo-
comes a scries of hard times without
tho intervening good ones.
Remember, wo aro dealing with prewar conditions sinco 1858, which will
give us a fair average of time upon
which to base our conclusions. At the
outbreak of wnr in 1014 tho productivo
forces wero many times greater tnan
in tho year 3858, and at the time of the
signing of tho armistico the productivo
forces were greater than they were
oven four short years previous. So,
when wo use pre-war evidence we aro
not assuming anything, but stating
facts.
Theso periods of prosperity and depressions havo happened almost clocklike. However, there is a difference—-
evory time the pendulum of prosperity
emerges out of its depressing position,
it gathers in bulk and swings with a
greater velocity, thus bringing the
crisis periods in quicker succession.
Note the dates of depressions at thcir
lowest: 1858, 68, 79, 86, 93, 97; and
n 1900 a depression had begun. Again
in 1906-7 nnd again in 1914. I have no
authentic statistics' sinco 1900, so am
rotating from experience since that
date.
Tho following aro tho height of prosperity datoB: 1800, 65, 72, 82, 90, 99.
Those from experience: 1904, 1910,
1915-18. A depression is due very
shortly. Thero has not boen a real
prosperous timo sinco 1004-5-6.
Whnt Mr. Makovski says in connection with the violation of Belgium's
noulrnlity is quito truo, and England
was not slow in using such a mighty
weapon, a weapon which touched tho
heart of cveiy patriot, whether ho
agreed with wnr or not. To reliovo
suffering, mankind will go to any limit.
They have gone to extremes many
times, but not to such nn cxtremo as
was taken in 1014. Upon investigation
it will be found that tho root of tho
evil is neglected. Belgium's neutrality served to cover tho real issue ot
stake. Thc real reason was a material
ono and not an abstract idealism such
ns the common people were led to believe. The sentiment, neutrality violations succeeded in swinging the "war
out of the rut of economic or physical
conquest into the spiritual atmosphere
of idealism." This is truo, and it succeeded right up to tho very finish of
the war in November last. Now we
find tho issue is a very material onc.
Markets and production are tho chief
topics in high places, even in Paris, and
even by such grent (1) men as premiers, presidents, kings and those a
littlo lower.
I want you to noto especially the
sentenco following: "Everybody knows
that Germany declared she must 'hack
her way through' Belgium." Tho words
hack her way through aro borrowed
from some writer, and placed by L, W.
Makovski beforo tho word Belgium. It
appears a completo sentence intended
to imply bruto force, nnd as though;
written by some German. I don't wnnt I
to back up n Germnn any moro than
any other nationality. I believo thero
are diabolical crooks in every country
under the sun, nnd this mnnufneturing
of sentences is n diabolical trick. It
matters not to me what nationality a
mnn is, His qttnlit'cs must be weighed according to tho standard of ihe
internntionnl proletariat. Bourgeois
morals and ethics are balanced against
the ethics of the proletariat. Bourgeois
covered materialism must be measured
by the materialist conception of the
class, Word juggling docs not. pass unobserved today. II may have passed
in our grandfathers' time, but not now.
Wo ennnot be ton careful in reading
the master class press news. We hnvo
to undress much of it in order to see j
the truth, er the lies, whieh ever phase
It intends to convey.
The second paragraph readsi
"Aftor four years nnd three months
idealism has won. Many times dining!
tho world's ngony we have heard how
the war has changed the spirit of the j
nations, how it has brought about cooperation, understanding and a determination that never again shall the
world be subjected to such horrors. Tt
has beon recognized that science has
made of wnr a barbarous, bloody busi-
iness, that machinery has robbed it of
all romance, and that a futuro which
would entail Ihe necessity of returning
to tho era of cave-dwellers during a
war, and of an ever-growing burden of
armaments during pence, is simply suicidal and stupid. Thereforo peoplo
have said over and over again in tho
Inst four years that thero must be no
war, and that somehow or othor the
more powerful nation's must unite tol
prevent any recurrenco of tho night- i
mare which has at Inst, passed nwny." '
LAST SUNDAY
J. Harrington at the Royal
and Kavanagh at the
Columbia
On Sunday last, Local No. 1, Vancouvor, of the Socialist Party of Canada, decided to run two meetings; one
at the Theatre Royal as usual, and the
other at the Columbia. This step was
undertaken because one hall for some
time past has boen unable, by many
hundreds, to accommodate those wishing admittance. Tbe venture waB justified by well-filled halls and splendid
litoraturo sales.
Tho "Red Flag," a now journal, issued by tho Dominion Executive committee caught on and over eight hundred were sold at both meetings.
At the Theatre Boyal, Comrade W.
Bonnot was in the chair and Comrade
J. Harrington was tho speaker. Tho
chairman spoke for twenty minutes on
the ninterinlist interpretation of history. Ho stated its thesis which Is that
the social superstructure and all its institutions, religious, legal or political,
arc a reflex of the modo of production
obtaining. It is that view of history which seeks the ultimate causo
and tho great moving power of all important historic events in the economic
development of society, in tho changes
of the modes of production and exchange, in the consequent division of
society into distinct classes against
ono anothor. Bonnet then mado application of tho theory and reviewed tho
■icvelopment of human society through
its forms from tho ancient civilizations
based on Chattel slavery to tho present capitalist system based on wage-
slavery.
In closing, ho said that if recent
evonts were any, criterion,. capitalism
was not hero for long.
Harrington then took the platform
not those of the working class. It is
questionable, however, whether bourgeois ideals hnvo won. It scemB to mo
tho proletariat ib winning, and instoad
of German imperialism being crushod
by tho allies of Great Britain nnd
Britain herself, it was defeated to a
great extent through insido disintegration.
Tho Russian revolution has shown
the world's workers how to handle its
own nffairs. This outbreak, brought on
rapidly through tho war, was not entirely due to the war. It is tho outcome of many years study. It arises
out of conditions, an understanding of
which helps tho revolutionary movement. Sueh a movement can bo hastened or held in chock; in this case, in
Russia, it waa hastened. In Germany
it has been chocked for many yenrs
through the systom' they had of wielding the franchtoc, and if Socialism is
now about to bo established thero, it
iB not by any means hastened. It is
overdue. Gormany is ono of tho highest devolopod industrial countries. Production has been social these many
years. ThiB applies to Franco ond
Britain also.
Tho war stopod becauso of disintegration, and a war to tho knife is now
on for idealisms. Tho ono idealism is
bourgeois, thc other is Bolshoviki. This
is tho class war. Tho former is what
Makovski advocates.
BOYS!
-don't you find
the SPIEIT of UNIONISM a
great factor In producing fine
worjtf Don't yoa Snd it promotes
a fooling of pride in yonr product
and that in a Union chop all
etand together for the reputation
of the concern and combine in
getting aftor the fellow who
wants to skimp or scamp his
work to the detriment of the product as a wholel Wo Ind that
is so and, as a Union Shop from
heel to toe, start to finish, all
through, we find that wo aro able
to givo value in workmanship ln
FORD SUITS
that no other houso has been able to approach. Our great buying
power gives us thc choice of all that's best on the woollen market,
and our forethought and foresight secured tho best. 0OI7> CA
Our suits for men at  9%9 4 iOv
are a revelation of value as expressed in stylo, material,'cut, fit
and perfect workmanship.
LAMBS', SUITS, 840 AND UP
m*m__
I     f    SOfOtlM
Tou
Salts
From
Perl
Oar
Stock's
, the Un
in An
tiu w«ii
Aboard!
and Hamilton
with a powerful arraignment of tho
press for its double-dealing and ovident
desire to discredit tho Soviet system of
administration without regard for decency or truth. During the last ten
days a change of tone is noticeable.
Kaiser Bill, whom they sentenced to
five different kinds of denth was now
much preferred to tho Bolsheviki, and I
they wcro now calling the hunting dogs '
off tho kaiser and sotting them on another quarry. The Bolshviki were laying sacrcligious hands on property, the
cardinal, unforgivoable Bin to the bourgeoisie.
But, startling nows arrives from England ns to unrest among the soldiers
there, and shortly after, Groat Britain
announces her withdrawal in tho spring
from Russia, the United States docs
tho samo, nnd, following the riots in
Japan, which tho outsido worid was led i
to believo wero merely ricd riots, but
which were in reality political in their I
naturo. And the old Imperialistic party
had been thrown from power and a
government installed moro liberal and
favorable to tho Soviot Administration
in Russia,
In theso revolutionary days we were
making progress at a rato which, some
yoars ago, wo would not have credited.
Who would havo thought that wo
Bhould have had today a socialist nation in existenco for twelvo months,
and another nation well on ItB way!
WAIT UNTIL THB "NUMBED" AH8-
WEBS OB THB OPEBATOB BEPOBTS
Very often s subieriber will -ull a
number tnd, If aa almost instintnneoni
connection is not eRiablit-hed, will hnnf
np and try again later. lie fceli tbat
mlitutci bava elapsed while, fn reality It
bas been bnt a matter of a few seconds..
This hanging np ot yonr telephone receiver means that yonr time and the timt
and labor of tbe operator has been waited. If the called party comes on tha line,
the operator has to explain.
Remaining at yonr telephone until yon
get a report or the called party answer*
means the saving In tbe time aad effort sf
three pw-Hei.
B. 0/ TELEPHONE CO., LTD.
Ooal Drivers Strike
Madison, Wis.—Nearly 100 coal wagon drivers suspended work to enforce
n wage scale tbat will guarantee living
conditions.
EMPRESS THEATRE
WEEK Or JAN. 20
A sparkling comedy full ot
gigglos
"MARY'S ANKLE"
Featuring Margaret Mairlott
Bettor than "-lorry."   You 11
Bcrcam.
Prices:   160, 36c and 600
PANTAGES]
* Next W#«k -
ODIVA and her Sea-Liom
HUGO LUTOENS, the Swedish Billy
Sunday
Othar Big Pastoral
FIRE SALE
Entire stock of Men's Boots including
Hartt's, Leckie's Slater's, Grebb's and
j. & t. Beii's hRHHHHBHBH
MEN'S BLACK CALF BOOTS
A splendid medium weight black calf
boot, with single sole and low heel;
Blucher style. Reg. $5.50.
Fire Sale Price	
$4.35
MEN'S DRESS BOOTS, $5.85
94 pairs of men's dress boots, with
the rich nut-brown calfskin uppers;
Neolin soles with rubber heels.  All
sizes.  Fire Sale
Price	
$5.85
MEN'S HIGH-GRADE BOOTS
Values to $14—Fire Sale Price $7.65
This includes our entire stock of better Boots, made by Hartt, Slater and
Bell. Every wanted style in both
black and tan is included. Materials
are the better quality kinds, calfskins and kangaroos. You will do
well to investigate the values. All
sizes.   Fire Side _—/___
Price -Jp/.OO
MEN'S WORK BOOTS
Leckie's, Grebb, Ahrens, solid leather work boots; hand-sewn soles and
pliable heavy calfskin uppers. Boots that you are usually d» C nn
asked $6.00, $7.00 and $8.00 a pair for.  Fire Sale price tp*J.W
Ryjieffome of Good Shoes"
CHARDSONS
649 HASTINGS. W.   Near Granville.
There in not much left to nny on Mint 11
paragraph from n point of i-ourpenin • I
Idealism, only this; thnt 11 Is plninly I)
noon to mono ninHtor olnns idcnls nnd j I PAGE SIX
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
If It's New
We Have It
ALWAYS SOMETHING NEW IN SHOE
STYLES AT THIS STORE
Whether for dress, street or business wear, you'll
alw&ys find an ample stock of reliable footwear hore.
Every model built expressly for tho service it's intended to fulfil, and every shoe a top-notchor in its
class.
And, by tlie way, Wlson's havo a reputation for exact, correct fitting that adds greatly to tho wear of
your shoe.
Also means more comfort and better appearance.
Come in and let us show you.
WILSON'S
Twin Shoe Stores
157-159 Hastings St. W.
Near Cambie
Disputes Adjusted
Washington—Ten new strikes and
twenty-three industrial disputes were
brought to tho attention of tho division
of conciliation during last week. Seven
casea, including four of tho strikes,
wore adjusted; 22 are pending, and four
aro reported unclassified. During thc
* samo period, 20 cases previously reported were adjusted. ThoBo affected
about 12,000 workmen.
London—Announcement that 24,000
Japanese troops will bo 'withdrawn
from Siberia is reported by a Tokyo
despatch to tho Express, quoting an
official statement issued by the Japanese war office on December 27. ' The
statoment, according to tho despntch,
says that Japan intends to maintain [ for,
the smallest possible force in Siberia. I cd as satisfactory by all conccrnod.
"Public opinion hore," says the
despatch, "deplores tho withdrawal.
Allied observers, Americans ns well as
British, speak bitterly of intervention
aB boing relatively a failure, owing to
mutual jealousies."
Strike to Gain Increase
St. Louis, Mo.—Tho commercial members of Photo-Engravers Union No. 10
wero compelled to forco the issue by
striking when tho employers refused an
incrense. Tho cessation of work waB
of short duration. Tho now agreement
runs for a period of three yeara. It
raises tho scnle of wages from $28 to
$35, and stipulates a 44:hour week, to
go into effect January 1, 1920. Back
pay from December 1 is also provided
Other improvements aro stipulat-
LETTERS TO
•3t#=
Two of the best all-union eating-houses in
Vancouver—the
Good Eats Cafe
All That the Law Will Allow
Wt De-err. trada Union Patronage
No. 1 No. 2
110 Cordova St West, or 622 Pender West
-APPLICATIONS FOR-
Winter Term
DAY AND NIGHT SCHOOL
Received up to—
Monday, January 6th
Success—trained students are always in demand.
Phone Fairmont 2075
Phone us now, for full information.
Success Business College, Ltd.
E. SCOTT EATON, B. A., Principal
Corner Main and Tenth Vancouver, B. C.
Conditions in Camps
Editor B. C. Federationist: May I on
list your help in drawing the attention
of tho authorities to the unhealthy conditions of camp lifo in this provinco.
Pructically all tho expense that the
government of thia provinco has been
called upon to disburse has been for
influenza victims of tho unsanitary con*
ditions obtaining in tho lumber camps.
Many valuable lives have been lost,
which might have been spared had tho
health authorities insisted on better
sanitary conditions in the camps, which
are a disgrace to any so-ealU-r] civilized
country, and whicli should not and must
not be tolerated any longer, unless tho
government wish to invite a still moro
serious epidemic thnn tbe present one.
During tho last eight years, I have
worked in many camps all over this
provinco, and have never seen a bath
or separate drying room for clothes in
a single one of thom. In many the
roofs aro so low that ono cannot sit
upright in tho top bunks in houses built
to accommodate doublo thc number
that should be them, nnd often without
any ventilation—not even a window
that will open, and with pigs, lice and
other vermin swarming all over lho
place.
Old clothes aro thrown under bunks
and nllowed to fester and rot in tho
heat of tho summer. Floors arc left
unwashed for months on end, and never
any disinfectant used or is a bunkhouBe
fumigated.
In the winter time every night tho
stench from drying clothes and dirty
socks is enough to knock n horso down,
Grent roaring tiros nre put on which die
down about midnight, and one win
wake up half frozen, lying on top of
the blankets ahd catch cold, which this
and every winter induces la grippo, in
fluenza and pneumonia. Then when
men arc sent to, the hospital, ond new
men take thcir places, they havo to
sloop on tho samo diseaso-lnden hoy
that tho sick have left behind them,
and maybe catch tho flu moro virulently than tho previous enscs.
Lot Labor get after thoso in authority, and insist on better conditions in
camp life,- or pay the penalty of death,
For if cleanliness is next to Godliness,
surely dirt is next to death. Tours
faithfully,
B. E. FAY.
January 7, 1919.
NOW IS THE TIME
TO BUY SHOES CHEP
OUR CLEARANCE SALE
CONTINUES ALL NEXT WEEK
Men's Dress Boots, with leather or
fibre soles, for	
Leckie's Men's Work Boots—Reg. $7.50
values for	
Leckie's Boys' Box Calf Red Stitched
Boots, for * -	
Women's Dress Boots, broken sizes in this
lot; values to $7.50 for	
BOOT SHOP
H9 JUSTING* ST W.
$5.85
$5.85
$4.25
$2.95
NATIONALISM.
Editor of tho B. C. Federationist.
"Nationalism" is a concept, a systom of reasoning, that tho different
sections of tho human race aro receiving under various commercial emblems
—the flagB-*—as I understand this is a
very dangerous subject to deal with
on account of the different ideals that
aro prevailing in various countries.
In order not to hqwt the Imperial
prido at tho nativo born Britisher, who
has not been outside of tho boundary
lino of tho British Empire, and not
having had a chanco to study the "national question" from both sides, I
will state that when I speak of the
British Empiro, I do not speak of it
with a sneer on my lips, I speak "of
tho Imperial Working Class" that is a
class with Imperial Ideas, and workingmen's stomachs.
The Imporial Ideals that hnvo seen
birth within tho domain of Great Britain, I will not deal with, but I am
going to draw a mental picturo of my
own education that I received as a
"Swede" during by boyhood, and I
am sure tho reader will soe his picturo
as a boy of tou going through tho British sfthool on the other side of the
frame.
I remember when I wont through tho
little village school, wo had tho "Glorious Swedish history" to study and
on tho pages of that history, wo wore
roading about all the glorious battles,
and wars, we, tho Swedes had fought
against the Russians, tho Danes and
the Germans, and sometimes against
the British too, and we, tho Swedes,
had defeated them all, so during my
school days I used to expand my little
childish chest and think that it was
an extremely lucky stroke of fate that
I was born a '' Swede,'' I thought that
tho Swedes, wero tho only peoplo
on the faco of tho earth, that wo wore
really worth talking about; howovor,
when I came to Canada and started
to read about tho Swedes from a British point of view, I was astonished,
wo Swedes are hardly worth talking
about.   -
As a child I was reading about all
bluo clad heroes, we Swedes had a blue
uniform then, I was reading all thc
"glorious deeds" that the grand armies
of Sweden had accomplished on tho
various battlefields, how tho Swedish
soldiors had advanced across tho bloodstained battlefields with brave hearts,
willingly laying down their llvoa for
tho glorious cause of the "Kings of
Sweden.
When I was a boy I saw nothing
wrong in it, but as I grew older and
begun to seo things from a moro natural point, I got a shock, I .saw another
picturo altogether, I saw thoso blue
bravo hearts, but at the commands of
their officers, they woro advancing with
trembling legs, praying to an Almighty
God that the shells may miss thom, so
that they would seo their homes and
loved ones ngnin, this is tho truo natural picture of all, "blood-stained" battlefields.
But in 1914 when the workers of vnrious countries were rushed to their
different national emblems, in order to
defend their different national ideals,
tho old system of education oxplodod
liko a hubblo of soap. They began to
learn that thoy wero all, regardless of
color, nationality, or creed, betrayed.
Since tho "Groat War" started tho
workers began to learn thnt to tho ex*
tent, thnt they wero pnid short at tho
point of production surplus values were
concentrated on their different nntional markets, commodities that had to bc
disposed of, toVfloma other nation, in
order to prolong their various nntionnl
industrial systems. We have seen dur*
ing this war, tho insano greed of special Intercuts, clutching with greedy
fingers tho medium of exchango that
was wet with the blood of the world's
proletariat; wo have seen the industries
speeded up until only forty per cent
of the wago workers were required in
order to produce tho commodities that
wero necessary for our comfortablo existence Now "Penco" has. come, the
ammunition plants aro closing down,
the great nrniios had to bo demobilized.
To the men who are now studying
the immense changes that nro Inking
place iu Europo, fifo is worth living.
FBIDAT. .Jaatuury 17, Ull
BOYS1 AND GIRLS1 CORNER
STUDYING THE SOCIAL MACHINE
[By J. 8. Woodsworth]
Did you ever watch tho machinery on
a big steamboat or in a factory, or in a
largo newspaper office! There aro big
wheels aud shafts and belts and pistons
and lovers and switches nnd littlo
wheels, and a thousand other parts. If
you can't visit a factory, look at your
watch. It takes a long time to understand how a machine workB ,and what
each part is for. It has rcallly tnken
thousands of years to build that machino. Ono man learned tho use of a
lever; another tho use of a screw; an
other tho wedge, anothor cog-wheels
Then in recont timeB pjoplo hnvo learned all sorts of devices in handling and
applying steam and electricity.
Society in tho same way is a vory
complex machine. The family—father,
mother and children—is ono of tho enr-
liest forms of the social machino. Now
wo hnvo industries and governments,
and law courts nnd schools, and churches and societies of all kinds. Eaeh man
is just liko a cog in this big machine.
Ho fits into other cogs. This social machine too has taken thousands of yenrs
to construct and overy year it is growing and changing.
Today wo wnnt to study this machine. Now in a gasoline engine there
are a number of parts whoso function
or uso is to supply tho gasoline; another group of parts whoso function or
uso is to supply tho blectric spnrk, and
another Bet that drive the wheols.. Let
us try to classify peoplo according to
thoir economic functions or the pnrts
they play in relation to material
wealth.
First of all wo liavo producers—those
who directly assist in tho production of.
the things men need. Second, we hnvo
thoso who help to exchange tho things.
Wo aro coming to see that where these
peoplo aro really doing useful work,
they should properly be called'produc-
ers, but when they do useless work, or
perform no useful function at nil, they
are simply "parasites," thnt is, people
thnt live on others—as flees and bugs
live on animals.' Now third, peoplo who
produce and peoplo who exchange nnd
socinl parasites are nil consumers. All
ent nnd wear clothes nnd use houses
and dishes, and all the things that nature provides or that men mako.
As wo saw in our lesson on a Loaf
of Bread, in the early days tho farmer
nnd his wifo produced their lonf, and
consumed it. Next came tho miller
with his big grinding stones, turned
by water power. He ground the flour
for perhaps fifty farmers. Each farmer
brought a load of wheat and took away
a load of flour, leaving say, two sacks
in pnyment for tho work the miller did.
Then a carrier took the wheat and
brought back thc flour and he had to
have a sack for his- troublo. Now, the
farmer takes his load to the olevutor.
Tho elevator man takes a few handfuls
and Bends tho 'rest to thc grain exchange. Now they pass it from hand
to hand, each taking a handful!. Then
the miller takes a handful and tho
wholesaler takes a handful, and the
railways tako sevjjul handfuls, and thc
mnn that makes tho bags takes a handful, nnd the retailor takes a handful,
bo that by tho time ho gets back his
flour, there isn't much of it left. There
are too mnny parasites.
Then, of course, tho farmor doosn't
want to uso all the flour ho produces.
He wants it changed for machinery,
and boots, and clothes, nnd all sorts of
things. Now, in ench industry thoro
are n host of middlemen, and thy exchanging gives a chanco for many more
so thnt thero aro hundreds of hands
outstretched to get a handful of that
load of wheat. Evory ono who cats
bread is getting a handful of the farmer's wheat
Then not only are there too many
middlemen) but the "middle mon" (if
wo may uso tho word for all who are
not directly producers), often stands in
such a position that they can charge
what they liko for their servicos. If
tho millor owned, or claimed he owned,
the only water power available, he
could keep as many sacks as ho liked,
because the farmor must get his grain
ground. So today tho people thnt own
or claim to own, lands and railroads,
and banks, can charge what they like,
because people must havo land, and
goods must be carried, and money must
bo used under our present systom of
exchange. These changes aro frequently mado under the names of profits, or
rent, or interest.
Now lot us nnmo some of tho pooplo
who aro really tho world's producors.
Farmers, and miners and fishermen and
manufacturers or people who mako
things. Then thero aro others who
should be classed with producers. Inventors—tho meu who really provide
us tho tools. Educators—the men who
train our hands, and minds for work.
Consorvors ort preservers—liko doctors
—who keep us in shape to produce. Organizers—men who show us how to
work together, Theso men working
with our natural resources, produco
what men uae.
Now, let us think of somo of tho
middlemen, and ask how far they nro
useful. They all must be fed. Somo
of them eat big meals—big houses nnd
automobiles and holiday trips. Whnt
useful function do they porform in our
socinl mnchine?
Well the rotailcrB help us to get our
food, bo they are doing useful work,
and ought to bo put with the producers.
But half1* dozen big stores could probably supply Vnncouver, nnd there aro
hundreds and hundreds of thom—each
with clorks and drivers and advertisements in the pnpers.
Then the wholesalers and their travellers nnd advertisements—whnt a lot
thoy cat and wear nud ubo thnt might
bo saved. Then if they woro free, they
could grow potatoes nnd mako boats
and trnin boys nnd girls so that there
would be enough for all,
Tho transportation companies—railways and street cars, and steamboats)
and express companies—all nro doing
useful work in exchanging goods and
so might bo put with tho producers.
But. ovory year over and above what'
they get for their sorvicoH us wages
and snlnrics, they keep as "profits"
vast sums. These they in no sense produco.
Much the same might be said about
banks nnd lonn companies and insurance compnnies.
Thon thero nro tho speculators—men
who gamble in lands nnd mines and
stocks. They produce nothing whatovor
but livo on the work of others.
Our cities are full of officials of all
kinds,   Home uro doing* good work. But
THE WORLD OCTOPUS
Hope we'do no. have to get acquaint-
id with thftt horrible Bolsheviki.
Yours for the coining reconstruction,
Ernest Liudbcrg,
205 Carroll Streot,
On tho bottom of tho sens lives a
monster of uncanny form and substance
called an Octopus. It is headless,
thereforo blind and brainless.* It is
composed of only ono Imge, bottomless
stomach of endless hunger and appetite
which is surrounded by numerous arms;
oach arm is supplied with many sucking cups, each sucking cup feasts on
tho noarost victim. No foo ,or friend
is recognized by this monBtor. It knows
only its stomach's craving and its
mnny arms, ench with many Bucking
cups, itching for sucking out anything,
and everything, that comes insido the
reach of its arms, and it grows with
feeding. In short, this monster is only
a brainless, blind stomach, devouring
everything but its own stomach.
Supply this monster with smull eyes
and a diminutive brain, in nil matters
of human evolution and progress, nnd
you havo the same monster on land.
Thero it is culled Imperialism. In tho
sumo way the sea octopus is ablo to
preserve its sinister nnd destructive
existence by squirting an ink-like
Huid uround itself, which hides it from
any enemy. So is its brother, the lund
monster, called Imperialism, protecting
itsolf in tho very snme manner. Talk
is squirted in tho eyes of criticism,
and tho monster is perfectly unrecognizable in tho many collected clouds of
Hob and hypocrasies.
As in the sea, so on land, tho monster recognizes no enemy or friend,
only its craving stomach nnd its sucking cups. Its existonce costs fully ns
much iu lives and material to its keepers, ns to the rival keepers of other
similar monsters. Genernlly ono specie
does not feast or livo on its own kind,
excopt in vory aggravated casos, but
the blind, brainless sea monster and
its loathsome brother on Innd feast on
their own kind. Theroin lies the only
hopo of tho world ridding itself of tho
vampires. Tho sen monster may do
good by acting na n kind of scavenger,
whoroin it diffors from tho land monster, who, having small eyes and a diminutive bruin, but a bottomless stomach, can soo nnd reason some. Therefore tho Innd monster demands all tho
youngest and best for victims. It is
immaterial to him how many millions
young of his own cump, or a rival
camp, he devours as long ns the craving
stomach is being filled and tho itching
sucking cups givon action. On tho
land the monster's stomach is cnlled
Empire, its arms, capital, and its sucking cups armies and navies. Tho usefulness or valuo (according to their
diminutive brain) depends on tho sizo
of their stomachs, number of arms and
sucking cups, irregardlcss or tho millions of young ones amongst its own
koepcrs, or elsewhere, to bring this
nbout. "Glory to seize, never mind
the prico. On land the monster uses,
like thc cnmuleon, different colored
ink to suit surroundings, in hiding its
truo character. It may bo purple, red,
or rod, whito and bluo. Also on land
thia ink squirts, owing to its composition contains maddening, intoxicating
poison which besides blinding the monsters keeper's eyes, fills their brains
to insanity, with desire or sacrificing
everything for tho upkeep of the
Monster. Somo centuries ago tho fluid
squirted by tho land monster sent its
keepers into religious mussnercs. That
woro out. A new brew wns mude for
tho noxt squirt. Today it is "Na*
tional" brow, and tho keepers went
mad as boforo and tho beast got its
millions of young ones frorfi its
own mad koepcrs, and clsowhere.
A brainless, blind monster, Imperialism, has sucked tho world dry for
centuries and until reason ond sobrioty
replace sentiment and intoxication its
koepcrs, on all sides must keep on
fcoding tho bottomless stomach of tho
monster. Onco this monster and its
squire is properly analyzed by its keepers, its existence, is doomed, but tho
mnny colored inks, with their Bonso-
destroying, intoxicating effect, are hard
to penetrate, and as long as tho monster lives it will squirt and eat, and
to get through tho ink of tho monstor
has so far, excopt in Russia and middlo
Europe, boen Impossible.
Howover, the koepcrs that Buffer II
the worst aro tho first to recognize this Pl
madness, and it took tho prospect of
total annihilation of its keepers in
Russia and Centrnl Europo, to sobor
nnd clear tho minds of the keepers
sufficiently for thom to destroy the
monster while keepers,enough were yot
left to do so. Must it tako tho same
methods Ay othor keepers, or will thoy
act in time and savo thc young and
coming generation?
Food Costs Increase
Washington—Food costs havo increased -1 per cent, between August 15
and September 15, last year, reports
tho bureau of Lobor statistics. Compared with Septtiinbor, 1917, tho increase was 10 per cent. An increase of
72 per cent, for all food combined is
shown for tho five-year period ending
September 15 last. Every artielo for
which prices have been obtained for
this long period shows nn increnso of
not loss than 50 per cent. Six articles
show increases of 100 per cent, or over;
bacon, 100 por cent.; pork chops, 103
por cent.; potatoes, 105 per cent.; flour,
10(1 per cent.; lurd, 100 por cent, uud
com moui, 123 per cent.
Botter Housing Urged
Sioux City, Iowa—A movoment to
secure the building of botter homes for
working people iu this stnte is gaining
strength through the activity of the
Iowa Stato Housing Association, which
was organizod for this purpose. Tho
proposed law would regulate window
upenings, floor areas, sanitation, ventilation, firo protection, privacy and tho
height of dwellings.
sometimes policeman No. 2 is put to
watch policeman No. 1, and policeman
.No. 3 told to watch policeman No, 2,
and so wo multiply officials—all of
them are consumers, remember, oven
though they do not do much to help
produce.
Then, today, there aro millions of
soldiors. Perhaps thoy aro .doing a
necessary work—most people think so.
But they are consuming millions of
bushels of grain, nnd suits of clothes,
and expensive shelters which others
arc producing.
Don't you think wo could get along
with fewer "middle mon." Don't you
think that if tho peoplo owned tho
whole productive ^machine nnd givo to
ouch, either according to his services,
or occording t*6 his needs, that we could
do away with tens of thousands of
"parasites"—of useless parts of the
sociul machine.
Only peoplo who perform a useful
function in socioty—that is who really
help to produce—have j a right to sharo
in what is produced.
ALL READERS OF THIS PAPER SHOULD
KNOW ABOUT THIS SALE OF
Men's Shoes at $5.95
Figuring are such makes k_ "Just Wright," Slater,
J. & T. Bell, "Regal," etc., affording such values aa
never would be possible except for special conditions
of purchase; regular $8.00, $10.00 and $12.00 values.
* If you have any doubt in your mind of the authenticity of
this sale just sec the windows. These makes have such an obvious ring of quality that a man docs not need*to be a shoe
expert to know that this is value thc like of which is not to be
found in town. The shoes are in all weights and lasts and
leathers—just as we found them in the P. W. George Co. stock,
and to get a pair for $5.95 is just like finding a five dollar bill.
Wise men will come prepared to buy at least two pairs. Regular $8.00, $10.00 and $12.00 values.   Sale prico $5.95
NO EXCHANGES.   NO PHONE ORDERS.   NO REFUNDS
HT THEM ON IF YOU HAVE ANY DOUBT ABOUT SIZE
DAVID SPENCER LIMITED
The Royal Bank
of Canada
INCORPORATED 186»
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid-up
Reserve and Undivided Profits..
Total Assets   	
__.$ 25,000,000
__.$ 14,000,000
__$ 15,000,000
 $360,000,000
518 branchei in Canada, Newfoundland and British West
Indies.
Also branchei in London, England, New York Oity and Bu-
celona, Spain.
Twelve branchei in Vancouver:
Main Office—Corner Bastings and Homer Streets
Corner Main and Hastings Streets.
Corner Granville and Robson Streets,
Corner Bridge Street and Broadway West.
Corner Cordova and Carrall Streets.
Corner Granville and Davie Streets.
Corner Granville aud Seventh Avenue West.
1050 Commercial Drive.
Corner Seventeenth Avenue and Main Street.
2016 Yew Street.
*    Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Street.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Also—North Vancouver, New Westminster and 27 otker point!
in British Columbia.
i
SPECIAL ATTENTION CHVBN TO SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
One dollar opens tin aeeonnt, on which tnterec   ii paid half-yearly  at
eurrent ratea.
THOS. PEACOCK,
Manager Vtuconm Branch
O. W. rSAZEB, Vancourer,
Supervisor for B.O.
UNIOI^TAMP
factory
-^T'i-S'^^_7 Named Shoes are frequently made in
^WORK^RS UNION/ ' Non-union factories
v      DO NOT BUT ANT SHOI
No matter what it's name, unless it
bears a plain and readable impression
of this UNION STAMP.
All Show without the UNION STAMP are always Non-union.
Oo not accept any excuse for Absence of the Union Stamp.
BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION
216 BUMMEB STBEET, BOSTON, MASS
JOHN F. TOBIN, President CHAS. L. BAINE, Sec.-Treas.
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
WHOLESALE MERCHANTS AND IMPORTERS
Dry Goods, Gents' Furnishings
VICTORIA, B. C.
St*
MANUFACTURERS OF "BIG HORN" BRAND
SHIRTS, OVERALLS, Etc.
factory organlied under "United Garment Workers of America"
\
WHEN BUYING MEAT
ASK TO SEE THIS CARD     THERE'S A REASON
r
ffimMHSBT
THIS IS TO CERTIFY.That this Meat Market Is conducted In
accordance with the rules of the Amalgamated Meat Cutters
and Butcher Workmen of North America, A. F. ol L.
Therefore we "commend It to the patronage ef all,
,UUCD IT AUTHORITY Of THC AMALGAMATE!! MEAT CUTTERS
ANO BUTCHER WORKMEN OF NORTH AMERICA. A. F OF L
____==~&sdt im_x-
...January 17, 1910
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
Our Northern Special
Blue Label Overall
for Men
IS THE BEST VALUE IN
CANADA AT $2.50 A PAIR
It comes in all sizes from 32 to 50, in
blue, black or stifel stripe, and it's the
largest made overall in B. G, possessing the continuous fly and side piece.
The material is a hard-finished denim
that is almost "unwearoutable." All
Union men prefer our Blue Label
Northern Special,**because it's made by
Union labor, and gives the
best service.  Per pair.	
$2.50
WE ALLOW A 10% DISCOUNT TO
RETURNED  SOLDIERS  IN  UNIFORM ON MEN'S CLOTHING AND
FURNISHINGS
| Canada Food Bonrd Licenses 5-1482, 8-14590,10-4435,11-163 |
Granville and Georgia Streets
BRITISH COLUMBIA'S BEST
COAL
For yoar kitchen—Wellington Nut
Kitchen, furnace and grate—Wellington Lump
For Your Furnace
Comox Lump — Comox Nut — Comox Pea
(Try our Fes Ooal tor jour underfeed furnace)
jQyiRlk ilk 1
MACDONALO-flARPQLECO.
Pbone
Seumour^
aio
Phone
'Seumour
zio
1001 MAIN STREET
CANADIAN NATIONAL RAILWAYS
THE NEW CANADIAN ROUTE
THBOUGH Mount Bobson and Jasper Parks across tho
-prairieB through tho most fortllo grain bolt in the world
to Winnipeg, Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal and Quebec.
I CONNECTIONS at Winnlpog and Duluth for Central
I States, at Toronto and Montreal for Eastern States and
Atlantic ports. «*■*,_-_
FINEST TRAINS, Electric lighted, Standard and Tourist
Bleeping Cars, also Dining Cars.
For Bates, Tickots, Literature and Information, apply to
ASSISTANT OENEBAI* PAS8BNQEB AOENT
60S Hartlnge Street WeBt, Vancouver, B. O. Phone Seymour 2182
HOTEL ALCAZAR
oppoitu btM> nn-
vAaooorn. ». o.
—HMliurtm lor Labor ■••—
IllM—7Se ood 11.00 ft tty.
14.00 p«r wook ood op*
tale rt Eoooouwo Sam
COWAN   A   BROOKHO0BI
PSDTTEBI AID POBLH__M«
Prlaton to the ndmUoaist
Tho   fodontlonlit 'll   prodoood   tnat
ou  Nodorn  nowipipor   prloliof  plut
v   ONE OF THE FINEST TONICS
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
CHEAP PRODUCTION
Everyone knowi that oheap goodi can only be prodnoed by
wing oheap materials and employing oheap labor.,
CASCADE BEER
li produced from tbe highest grade material! procurable—
Oatcade U a ONION product from start to fluiih,
VANCOUVER BREWERIES LIMITED
By HAROLD L. VAENEY.
A form a bit abovo medium height
■lithe, iiervouB, tenso; a shock of coal
black hair; 070s that sparkle and gleam
with over/ word; a voice soft and musical—that is the Earl Liebknecht whom
I met in America some eight or ten
years ago. Few of those of us who met
him then dreamed that the. graceful)
scholarly Herr Dokter was a man of
destiny. To the general public hia coming was little noted. And yet, to a
few, Earl Liebknecht was, even then,
a personage of dramatic interest. Son
of Wilhelm Liebknecht—der Alte—he
bore a name already glorious in the
annals of Socialism. For der Alte had
sat in that inner circle nith Marx and
Englos and had founded tho Socialist
movement. Der Alto had led that epic
struggle of tho german Social Democrats against Bismarck's Iron Laws
aud had gono to prison in the fight.
After Bismarck and his Iron Laws had
passed away, Wilhelm Liebknecht had
become the editor of Vorwaerts and
the intellectual arbiter of international
Socialistic thought. With such prestige
Knrl Liebknecht had como into tho Socialist  movement.
It was an epochal moment. Tho ragged party which Bebel and del Alte
luid founded hud grown into a powerful national und world force. Young
Liebknecht niight easily havo become
the loader of thia pnrty. He chose,
otherwiso. Ho selected tho harder road.
From tho beginning ho placed himself
in opposition to the dominant leaders
of the Social Domocracy. He became
tlio loader of a hopeless minority. It
was a, far-sighted choice. Powerful
though it seemed, tho Gorman Social
Democracy of thoso days had already
developed u fatal inner cancer. Its
seeming strength was already blighted
"tii tho malady of cowardice. With
growth had como conservatism of instinct. Unconsciously, the German Seal Democrats wero drifting toward
the right. Their rigid internationalism
had simmered down into an easy tolerance of chauvinism. As Lenin has snid,
they had becomo "Social Patriots."
Quick to perceive this disease, Liebknecht exposed it. With all tho audacity of youth, ho bogan a hopeless
struggle with tho bureaucrats of the
party. Ho attacked thom in tho party
press, taunted them on party committees, fought them at party congresses,
drawing upon him tho bitter rebukes
of the mnndarins—Bebel, Kautsky and
Singer. They damned him as a disrupt*
A minority rallied around him.
Thoir names ring significantly today—
a roster of tho SpartaciiB Group: Rosa
Luxemburg, Franz Mehring and Klafti
Zctkin. In 1907 young Liebknecht issued his famous brochure, "Anti-Militarism." It waB liko a blast of blasphemy. Junker Germany writhed in
outrage. Social Democratic Gormany
shook its head and whispered that Earl
had gono too far. Official Germany
sent him to prison for eighteen months.
It was his baptism into the class conflict. While incarcerated he waB elected to the Prussian Diet. Aftor leaving
prison, ho camo to America, preaching
anti-militarism and warning us of the
war, Tho world of 1900 refused to be
alarmed.
In 1012 Liebknecht went to tho reichstag. It was a tenso moment, A war
scare was sweeping over Europo. Cries
wero ringing in Gormany: "Defend the
Fatherland!" An immonso increase in
tho military budget was proposed in
the reichstag. A vehement debate was
drawing to its closo whon Liebknecht
tho now deputy, nroso. With a fusillade
of documents and facts, ho stripped
baro tho wholo vast military illusion.
Ho showed that the war scaro had boen
manufactured in tho offico of tho
Krupps; that tho newspapers in Berlin
and Paris which woro shrieking for dofenso and patriotism, wero owned and
subsidized by tho armament makers. Ho
went further. He proved that this junta
had boen behind all the patriotic ebullitions of tho past generation. Militarism was on international hoax. His
words wero spoken too late. Already
der Tag was sot. Anothor year nnd
tho cataclysm camo. Tho voices of
Liebknecht and his pitiful handful wero
ehoked in the jingoist roar. HiB warnings found thcir tragic justification.
His prophecy camo true.
Then Liebkhocht found himself. Tho
testing crisis of his lifo had como. For
years he had dono lip servico to internationalism. He had fought with all
his powers that the Groat War might
nevor bc. But ho had failed. Now it
was here. How Bhould ho moot tho factf
Othors bowed beforo it. There was another dramatic day in the Beichstag!
War Bwept tho people away in madness, Liebknecht, standing in his place,
might well have thought of his father,
standing with Bebel in that samo
Reichstag, on the brink of an earlier
war, forty-four years bofore. Then, tho
Social Democracy was new and small,
its strength negligible, But when thc
voto for wnr was called, Liebknecht,
dor Alto, had withheld Ms voto and
gono to prison. Since then tho party
had swollen to a host—ita adherents
millions—its deputies tho strongest
party in tho Reichstag. Tho ■ world listened. Tho Social Domocracy, which had
braved tho world with its two lono
deputies in 1870, shattered into fragments in thc test of 1014. With 111
Socialist voices, only Karl Liebknecht
voted no. Thus Liebknecht mot his
crisis.
Tho world outside oGrmany ac-
claimed him. Liberals apostrophized
him. Now they try to recall their
praises. As ho leads thc Sparfaeidcs
and battles in tho streets of Berlin for
thc Bolshevism of Lenin, they see the
grotosquencss of their adulation. And
yot, Liebknecht's is not a now role. It
is tho grim climax of consistency. Ho
stands whero he stood In 1014. He has
gono on. The Liberals havo stood still.
Liberals battled kaiserism becauso to
them it was a menace to nationalism.
Liebknecht fought kaiserism because
to-Mm it wbb a menace to internationalism. Ignoring this distinction, Lib-
orals throughout tho world saw in Liebknecht tho incarnation of their own
struggle. Tho war raged. Tho kaiser
Hod and despotism crumbled behind
him. Liebknecht, emerging from prison,
resumed tho old flght. Tho Liberals had
won; Imperialism had boen vanquished
by nationalism. He must carry the victory further. Now, with Lenin, he must
wago war upon Liberalism; triumphant
nationalism must fall beforo tho internationalism of his Ufe dream, Liebknecht pointed tho way. Little wondor
' "the Liberal prep* has turned upon its+Zimmerwald as a delegate from the
whilom favorite,
. The new programme of Liobknocht's
this ruthless internationalism, this dictatorship of the proletariat, is not new;
it formed itself in his mind in the
earliest days of the war and nerved
him to his successive acts of defiance.
Apparently but one other man in the
world of Socialism shared the same
dream—an unknown. Russian exile—
Nicolai Lenin. Their trails were soon
to join.
To understand what followed, one
must recall that in the days before the
war every Socialist party in the world
was grouped concentrically around the
co-called International. In this central
confederation, all the Socialist groups
in the world were joined for international aetion in international social
crisis. All Socialists had assumed that
tho International would be powerful
enough to avert futuro wars. Events
proved thcir error. Tho Gorman Social
Democrats betrayed tho International.
With sickening suddenness its edifice
crumbled. AH the official Socialist parties in the world reversed themselveB.
Thoy abandoned internationalism, Thoy
became nationalistic.
In this sudden regeneration of doctrine, factions disappeared. Right and
loft wings spontaneously coalesced and
moved to tho center. Guesde and Jouh-
aix in France became as nationalistic
as Ronaudel or,Albert Thomas. Hyndman, tho old impossibilist, joined with
Blatchford and Sidney Webb in Eng-.
land. Houso nnd Lcdcbour stood with
Scheidonmnn in Germany. International seemed dead. But gradually a now
minority began to emerge in each national Socialist party, a minority moro
extremist than any previous left wing,
preaching frank revolution, reviving
tho International creed. It was tho
ilrst rumblo of Bolshevism. In every
country it began to form unofficial
groups or blocs within tho Socialist parties. These blocs began to demand tho
resummoning of tho International.
When tho official parties repelled tho
demand, tho minorities summoned a
new International. They selected an
unknown Swiss villago for tho gathering—Zimmerwald.
At Zimmorwald, a new world forco
was launched. Future historians, writing this ago, will dato many dc^ds from
Ziramerwald. Tho first significant result of Zimmerwald was that it unitcfl
tho two paralleled movements—Lieb-
knechtism in Germany and Loninism in
Russia. Strangely enough, this new internationalism did not command a'majority ovon at Zimmorwald. The dolegates convened September 15, 1915.
Broadcast invitations had attractod all
thc dissonant shades of opposition from
all the Socialist parties in tho world.
They met only to disagree and part.
Two general groups early disclosed
themselves, seeking diverse ends. Of
thoso, it was only tho minority which
remained permanent.
To understand the latest events in
Germany we  must  comprehend these
two Zimmorwald factions.   For   they
have persisted.   Wo will comprehend,
then, why today Haaao and Dittmann
and Barth stand in one party and Liebknecht and Luxemburg and Ruhle maintain another.  Why, not alono in Germany, but in all countries, Socialism
has divided itself into threo rival factions.   After Liebknecht's lonely  act
of revolt in the first days of the war,
a second faction reluctantly disentangled itself from tho nationalistic Social-Democratic majority.   Dio Sumpf,
Liobknocht called it, or "the swamp,"
a buffer minority interposed botweon
Liebknecht and   his   extremists,   and
Schoidemann's majority.   This group,
led ny Hasse, Ledebour and Karl Kautsky, has since becomo an independent
party, the Independent Socialists. But
:.t tho timo of tho Zimmerwald conference, thoy were still a bloc in tho Social   Democracy,   styled   tho   Arboits
Gcmeinshaft.
Thoir programme was vague aad vacillating. In tho fir3t erisis they had
stood with Scheidnmnn aud supported
tho war. Kautsky himself had offered
tho official justification. Now thoy had
swung to tho contrary position. But
thoir opposition to war was not based
upon internationalism, as was Liobknocht's; thoy held that war wob no
longor justifiable becauso it was no
longer a war of dofenso. No foreign
troops remained upon German soil. Upon other questions thoy wcro equally
ovaaive. They sighed for revolution
but they built thcir programmes upon
evolution. Their oyes wero opened to
tho rottenness of the Majority Socialists, but thoy still sought a new unity
and reconciliation,
Opposed to them wero tho extremists.
After Liebknecht's revolt in tho Reichstag, nn organization had sprung up
around him. In April, 1015, a band of
Socialists came together at Dusseldorf
nnd established a papor. The Internationale. Rose Luxemburg and Franz
Mehring were its editors. Only 10,000
copies wore issued. "Tho war must
end!" it shouted. Ita pages rang with
words of hot defiance. Of course, the
iron hand of thn censorship struck ond
suppressed this now voico. Roso Luxemburg wns hurried to jail boforo the
dato of issue. There wcro no moro issues. But the group founded about
Ihis mnpnzine becamo an orgnnization.
It chofei the namo of Internationale,
T/iebknccht and Otto Ruhle of tho
Reichstag joined it. This wns tho forerunner of the Spartacus group.
Into tho Zimmerwald conference
came'both tho Arboits Genioinslinft and
tho Groupe Internationale. The former dominated. Led by Ledebour, they
shaped tlie course of thc conforonco,
and drafted the official manifesto. To
those who had hoped that Zimmorwald
would lead to action, it was a dark disappointment. The Swamp doomed tho
conforonee by its own fatnl doubtings,
Tho purpose of the conference had beon
to found a new Socialism movement,
to repudiate the Majority Socialists of
the old International, to create a definite split. The conference wns fo have
framed a programme of immediate revolution. It was to reassert internationalism, to declare the proletariat of nil
countries have no fatherland: to call
for a resumption of thp Mass war nnd
arm themselves for international revolt.
But tinder the guidance of Ledebour
and Kautsky, the conference s'radfflM
tho protrrnmme. "Hie Swnmp" evaded the Issue,
Lenin, sitting Jn  the conference nt
Russiun Social Democrats, saw that it
had gone to pieces. In his writings he
relates that ho discovered at Zimmorwald that there are not two, but three
factions of Socialists. He classifies
thom:
1. Social-Patriots: Socialists who
have swung over to nationalism, who
accept tho cult of the fatherland, and
who have honce been incorporated into
the ruling capitalist class. Nono of
these were present at Zimmerwald.
2. Social-Pacifists: Socialists who
have accepted the anti-war position,
who have given a verbal opposition to
the war, and have then sunk into the
acquiescence of passive resistance. Sueh
also. Lenin claims aro Lonqnet in
France, Tcheidze snd Tchcrnoff in
Russia, Snowden and Bamsay McDonald in England, Hillquit in the United
States.
3. Internationalists: Now known as
Bolshoviki, To thom there was no war
but tho clnss wnr and thoy never made
a truce. They knew no country and no
fatherland. With tho gesture of a Tom
Paino, they could say thnt the world
was thoir country, to do good their re-
'igion.
Tho truth was forced upon Lenin, at
Zimmorwald that in all tho world of
Socialists only the pitiful sub-minority
of Internationalists wcro material fit'
for revolution. Tho conferonco adjourned, and tho delegates began to
disperse Then Lenin called his minority together in unofficial conferonco.
They issued an unofficial International.
Thus into tho world of international action was bom a new forco—the forco
of Bolshevism. In Germany, the nucleus of Bolshevism became tho Spnr-
tacus group and its leader was Karl
Liebknecht.
A mystery shrouda tho following
months. Undor the surface Bolshevism
was preparing for an international
blow. Official Socialism hud abdicated
its rolo and no longer summoned the
proletariat to revolution. Lenin leaped
into tho broach. Socialism had wnvor-
ed and weakened. Bolshevism picked
up tho international flog. To attest tho
completeness of tho chango, Lonin even
abandoned "tho namo Socialist. He
harked back to tho forties and revived
tho namo of Communist Party. He still
npothesized tho programmo of Marx,
but his weapons wcro tho weapons of
Bakunln.
It was a timo of foverish preparation,
of mysterious journeyings, of many
plannings. At Zurich, in neutral Switzerland, Lenin and Liebknecht oponed
thcir bureau. As from the vantage of
a cloud, thoy poured out avalanches of
propaganda that- rolled from their
mountain fnstnoBseB into Germany and
Italy and France. Like a new Loyola,
Lenin plotted against all the powors of
the earth and his tireless agents girdled
the globe with their task of agitation,
ELIMINATION
BELL
PIANO
BELL
PIANO
In considering a piano, the further yog proceed with the process of eliminaton and comparison of different makes, you discover that the BELL "AET" PIANO will stand the closest
Bort of investigation—that the SUPERLATIVE MERIT of this
REPRESENTATIVE CANADIAN PIANO has been triumph-
antly demonstrated in practically every College and School of *
Music throughout the Dominion—tbat inventions patented and
controlled by the BELL COMPANY, such as the "ILLIMIT-
ABLE QUICK REPEATING ACTION" and the "TONE SUSTAINING METAL BACK" are individual and peculiar to the
BELL "ART" PIANO, and none other. These arc important
facts, stubborn facts, and ought to weigh with any prospective
buyer, who critically considers tho question:
WE HAVE PINNED OUB FAITH TO THE BELL "ABT" PIAffO
FOB NEARLY A QrjAETEE OF A CENTURY. AND IT HAS NEVEB
GONE BACK ON USI Abovo nil the TONE QUALITY of the BELL
'ABT" PIANO remains unimpaired after years of uso.
If you're in tho markot for a piano, lot tho word "BELL" ring in
your oars. °
MonteliusPianoHouseLtd.
524-28 ORANVIUE ST. Terms If Desired
ed, on oy.owitnoss describes that fateful
dug:
"Aa I noar tho door, I hoar tho
footsteps of great multitudes. As
far as I can see, nil tho streets and
sido streets nro full of surging, silently moving people—all moving in
tho direction whore tho May Dny
celebration is to bo held. Theso aro
men and womon—mostly womon.
Suddenly it becomes apparent to mo
that thoro nro moro children in tho
crowds thnn men and women togothor. As thoy murch( I notico that
thero is not ono in tho crovfd thnt
has a smilo on his or her faco. Along
tho routo, no one is cheering thom.
I hnvo nover scon such immonso
crowds in tho streets of Berlin. Thoy
movo ts though thoy nro tho part of
funeral procession. • * "On
reaching tho paluco grounds, I seo in
tho distanco, five persons. From their
olbows up thoy tower abovo tho heads
of thoso surrounding them."
This wns Lifcknecht ond his committeo.    Thon tho narrative tells of tho
speech, tho sudden chargo of tho troops,
tho disposal of tho vast throng nnd
Liebknecht pulled to tho ground and  ... -        - — — 	
carried away. Fot a momont it seemed J'J011 appraisals of Liobknocht. Ho it
Surolv novor beforo was "*-* holder I *hat tho dream of Zimmorwald had th<! **_ "oadily croscont forco in Oer
^l^^__t__?_-\^_^•*^**m•.        SffiJl_IiW_x«S.*»."«"!»l*
Moscow to Berlin." But in our study
of its causes, wo must admit thnt tho
Germnn revolt is lnrgely tho offspring
of tho forces unloosed nt Siiuinicrwnld.
From tho dny of his first rise to
power, Lonin nnd his assoeiatcs'conccn-
trntod upon Germnny. Muster of pro-
pugundn thnt he is, ho poured an unremitting barrage of Bolshevism ncross
Germnny's eastern border. Not evon
tho finsco of Brest-Litvosk dismnyod
him. Whon Adolph Joffe, the first Bolshevik ambassador, entered Berlin, ho
brought with him ovor two hundrod
"couriers." Soon tho Gorman officinls
discovered thnt tho members of this
bnnd of "couriers" were, in reality,
skilled international propagandists, operating in Germany as Spurtacido organizers. A Stockholm stutcment recently ostimntod that Lenin's depnrt-
ment of propaganda had expended ovor
fifty million roubles in Germnny. Nows
cables would havo us bcliove that somo
of th6 money wns embezzled, but most
of it wob put "whoro it would do the
most good." Tho Bolsheviki holpod to
force tho request for an urniistico.
Liberal journalist! do well to revise
dronm concoivod than that whieh was i    ™v. , - .        ... ...
born nt Zimmorwald. How fatnon,ly' T*°i°*Y°",°f, ™!»1>"i°» ■Jontinuea
impossible it mnst havo seomed to thoso i? _oAu _"** *«I Germany, whilo in
who viewed it in logic-, pitiless light. £j" &SSttS,,-S_'ft* «J *
That feeble handful—a minority within a minority—outcasts even in the
world of Socialism! Weaponless! Armed only with a slogan and a faith! To
challenge tho iron battalions of nn international capitalism in its noon of
power.
That faith has already overturned
two of Europe's groatost ompires, and ail(l , 11.WRIU.U
threatens how many moro t   For Boi- &nt   day8   of   tho   QonMB   eruptIon.
ahevjst Socialism is hauntod by no dog-  When he cmarge_ from pri801.  liob.
tory. Liebknecht had but to wait in
Bpandau for the inevitable vibration of
revolution whieh should open his prison
doors again. Ho heard the news that
Lenin had 'already reached tho goal
across the border. Ho sont words of
encouragoment to his comrades, tho
Group of Spartacus.
He has helped tho Allies—he and Lenin
—for a larger end than theirs. He and
Lenin are playing for tho stake of the
world—not for n League of Nations,
but for a league of workers. Will they
winf—Reedy'a Mirror.
ma of tradition. It is a revolt against
the old Marxism which has evor
straight*jacketed Socialist minds-—tho
Marxism of rigid rule's and precedents,
uf determinism and tho categorical imperative; tho Marxism which is scientific beforo it is human. Bolshevism ro-
jocts all that. It preaches a Socialism
which soeks ever to surpass itself, From
Zimmorwald Liebknecht returned to hia
work in Germany. In his first movo he
oyor-roachod himself. Camo tho abortive attempt of May Day, 101G, and
Liebknecht was swallowed up behind
the grim walls of Bpandau.
Understanding of Liebknecht's courso
jn Germany is conditioned upon a realization of tho international forces in
which ho was involved after Zimmorwald. Certainly both Lonin and Liebknecht beliovcd that tho revolution
could como to Gormany first. In that
beliof Liobknecht launched tho May
Day blow against Dcutschlond at its
zenith of imporium. It was madness,
and it was magnificent. Only a miracle
could have brought success, but both
Lenin and Liebknecht believe in miracles.
In Liobknecht'h "Thc Future Bo-
longs to the Peoplo," recently publish-
Demands Eight-hour Day
Boston—A   demand   for   tho   eight-
hour day was tho feature of Speaker
„ -     ,   - ... Warner's addross at the opening of the
How close was the tie botwoen Lonin  state legislature.   "No state,"ie said,
and Liobknecht wos ovldoncod in tho  "should permit a transgression of tho
eight-hour day when thot transgression
assails and impairs the health of its
people. Wo can afford to lose from our
borders those industries whoso grood
nnd selfishness outweigh tho physical
well being and nourishment of mothers
uud future citizens.
knecht hurried first ot all to the Bolshovik embassy in Berlin. Thero, upon tho
steps, boforo u vast crowd that choked
tho streets as far us eyo could reach,
Liebknecht halted, tho prison pallor
still upon his checks, and publicly embraced thc Kussian envoy. Ovor his
head, whoro tho hatod insignia of czar-
dom had waved so long, ho beheld tho
red flag that stood for .Russia and for
Bolshevism and for the international
rulo of tho proletariat, From his coign
he suw tho red future como.
The question of how great a part tho
Bolshoviki played in tho overthrow of
Kaiserism is difficult to answer. Tho
moro existence of tho international programmo which they planned at Zimmerwald, and tho link which they formed
with Liebknecht ,indicates the rolo
which they must huvo played. That
thoy were tho main foment ers of tho
revolution is problematical. That they
hastened it, is certain. That it could
havo come without them is doubtful.
Wu may not go so far as the Russian
spoakor in New York, who, at tho first
news of tho Berlin catnclysm, leaped
upon the platform to shout, "Tho German Revolution—it is tho Russian revolution.    It has merely moved from
Active in Wheeling
Wheeling, W. Vn.—'She trado union
movement in enthusiastic in tho campaign  to organize the iron aud stool
mills iu this vicinity.
Dentistry!
———, Iridj.l ud TlUlav
mat. us unt it-id. u tea .a.
unm mul
Dr. Gordon
Campbell
Opaa ...nlBgi 7:80 to 1:S»
DmMl MUM in SHf-nUnM.
tol. ttunmii  AID   lOlton
mnn
Onr Owl Drtj ttm
tone Oey. (un
TWO fiJLTENTIAJL? OF!
GbodMIlK.
^t\.mm„,t
Dairy Milk furnishes
substances genorally
recognized as essential for
tlie building and repairing
of thc body.   Fresh daily from J. M.
Sieves beards of purebred cows, it offers
you in nature's simplest, purest form, a
lon!c  that will  restore  you  to  perfect
health.   In addition to furnishing nil the
substances generally recognized as essential for thc building and repairing of
tho bod*/, it also possesses liberal quantities nf vitamin**, whicli Hub the unique power of
stimulating tho growth of worn-out cells nnd regulating vnrioim function of the body.
Vitomlno is found in eggs, honey, und in the growing tips of such plants ns nspntagm
spinnnch, lottuco and celery. In truth—Valley Baity Milk—just pure, swoot, fresh milk,
with nothing added nnd nothing tnken nwny—offers you nuturo's best henlth restorative.
A quurt a day will work wonders.   Phono vour order in now.
Try VALLEY SPECIAL BUTTER
r GOLDEN OOODNESS THAT BBTTEBS THE BREAD.
PBIOE 57c lb.
PHONE BAY. 653
VALLEY DAIRY:
OmjmU Food Boar. Uetnit 8-12240 ?AGE EIGHT
THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
FRIDAY...-. Jaaoatf 11, MM
The Pioneer Union Store
ISSUED   BV_
The Claman Label
"Canadian Clothes"
Sewn neatly inside the pockets of our suits
you'll flnd the Claman Label—"Canadian
Clothes"—Union-made.
It not only signifies correct manufacturing
conditions, but also that our reputation is
at stake; you must be satisfied!
It creates for you that feeling of knowing
you are correctly attired, both in the matter
of style and quality.
And quality with us is important. This applies nowhere more strongly than in the selection of those manufacturers in whose
hands we entrust the reputation of the Claman Label-
Insist on Union-made Clothes.
Our "Right Selling Plan" spells Quality at
Economy prices.
$25   $35   $45
Claman's
LIMITED
153 HASTINGS ST. W.
Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
ton. Thereupon the managers of Albert
hall permitted tho nieeting to be held.
The conservative Saturday Review,
in commenting upon the incident, asks
hysterically, "Have we escaped from
the frying pan of tho German war into
tue firo of domestic revolution! Is the
nation which has conquered a brace of
kaisers going to be beaten by Webb
and LandsburyT  Hardly."
Why Irish Labor Withdrew Candidates
A recent issuo of "Tho Voice of Labor," the organ of tho Irish Labor
party, just recoived in this country explains why it was that the Irish Labor
party, through having put into the field
candidates for the general eleetion,
withdrew them later. This was done
"in tho hope that the democratic de*
tnand for solf determination . . , • ,
will thereby obtain thc greatest chance
of expression at thc polls , . . ,
Wo shall also thereby demonstrate to
the peoples of all nations, as emphatically as peaceful means allow, that at
this hour, when other small nations of
Europo aro asserting their freedom,
Ireland, too, demands all rights of a
free nation." In othor words, tho
Labor Party refrained from putting a
ticket in tho field, lest the votes
of those who stood for Irish independence bo split.
PRANCE.
Socialism Invades Brittany.
For tho first timo in French history,
big Socialist meetings arc being held in
Brittany, thc stronghold of the monarchists, according to a special correspondent of tho New York Call.
This correspondent adds that "tho
signing of tho armistico was thc signal
for huge demonstrations in the labor
centers of Periguoux, Saint Etienno
and Clermont-Ferrand."
Paul Wallace Hanna, sent to Europo
by the New York Call to roport tho
peace conference at Versailles, writes
under date of December 15, regarding
thc programmo of the French Socialist
movement:
"Jean Longuet is today tho principal
speaker nt a great moss,mooting held
nt Clermont-Ferrand to demand the ro-
lease of the May strikers nnd of all
political prisoners in tho republic. This
demnnd, coupled with thnt for immediate demobilization, withdrawal of
French troops from Russia, open diplomacy and no economic wnr after tho
war, constitutes tho immediate activities of the French Socialist movement,
Incomparable
are my prices and qualities.
They simply can't be beat. "Pay
Cash and Carry." That's the
secret.
Onions, Ohanugnn,
3 lbs	
Sweet Potatoes,
10 lbs. for	
Best governmont inspected
Buttor, per lb _	
Ogtlvio's Rolled Oats, C-lb.
sack for 	
Ashcroft Boans,
2 lbs	
Dustbanc, large
cans 	
Luz, per
package  - -	
Fancy Lemons, per
dozen  *■	
Largo Navel Oranges,
per dozen 	
Eye Flour, 7-lb.
sack	
25c
25c
55c
45c
25c
35c
10c
35c
50c
55c
WORLD WIDE NEWS
SWEDEN.
Republicans vs. Reformists.
"Common Sense," n radical London
organ, contains the following news item
regarding Sweden in nn issuo just received:
In Sweden, though wnges nre fairly
high, the food shortage has boen and
still is severe; and it hns been much
moro continuously "exposed" to Boi
shovik propaganda than any other
Scandinavian eountry. The cxtremo
left of the labor pnrty is now moro or
less openly republican and revolutionary; but ihe programmo of tho majority Socialists and labor unions, led by
Hjalraar Brantihg, is strictly reformist.
Apparently the renl division is between the town workers, who are rc-
pnblican, and the agricultural voters,
who aro not.
I Best Government Inspected Moats,
! fresh and cured, reasonable prices,
S. T. Wallace's
Marketaria
118   HASTINGS   ST.   W. SET.   1260
Sj^S; 0»n»4» Food Bo»rd S£—~-
Z^SSZ    Licence H—1856    ______
PATRONIZE OUB ADVERTISERS
CLEARANCE SALE
-OF-
RAINCOATS
Regular $18, $20 and
$22 values for
$15
-8HPP OF—
"Fashion
Craft"
Thos. Foster & Co.
LIMITED
614 ORANVILLE STBBBT
ARGENTINA.*
Pan-American Congress at Buenos
Ayres.
A socialist and labor conforonco has
beon called to meet at Buenos Ayres,
Argentina, for January 30, to consider
tho peaceful solution of labor probloms, wages, salaries and freedom of
labor, an exchango of views on arbitration and disarmament, and conditions governing labor in foreign owned
public companies. The conference is to
be Pan-American in scope and among
the labor and socialist movements invited, to be represented are those of
tho United States, Argentina, Chile,
Poru, Cnnada, Mexico, Panama, Cuba
and Porto Rico.
In this connection, it is recalled how
Champ Clark, speaker of the Houso of
Representatives, in an address bofore
the Southern Commercial Congress at
Charleston, South Carolina, on December 0, called attention to the importance of Pan-American relations from
thc American business man's point of
view in these words:
"Our best hunting grounds for trado
will be Central and South Amorica—
right nt our doors ' These
amazingly rich countrios aro our neighbors and our friends, Thoy now contnin nbout 50,000,000 of population nnd
illimitable resources. They aro growing by leaps and bounds."
Thc conference assumes added significance when one considers that two
South American Republics, Chile and
Peru, nro at swords' point with each
other, the issue be'ng the question of)
who shall own (wo certain rich provinces, Tnciifl and Arlca, Ono feature
of tho situation is lho fnct that tho
war mongers in Chile aro busily engaged in fostering sentiment for thc
deportation of 18,000 Peruvian workers
in Chilean nitrate fields.
The conference is also regarded as
highly important in viow of lho efforts
of American imperialists to Btir up
sentiment in this country in fnvor of
'intervention in Mexico.
URUGUAY.
Striko Abandoned.
Tho plans for tho general strike
throughout Uruguay, which have beon
under preparation for somo time, wcro
abandoned on January 1. Tho government, by tho threat of using the army
against tho workers, was able to terrorize the labor leaders Into abandonment of their original plans. It is stated, however, that tho labor leaders aro
continuing their "work of organizing tho
workers of tho southern republic*
ENGLAND.
Albert HaU Incident Stilt Agitates.
Tho Albert Hall incident of the enrly
dnys of December still continues to ngi-
into the conservative journals of England. Albert Hall, it will bo remoin-
bored, ts tho Madison Squaro Garden
of England—an enormouH edifico in
whicli mass meetings of first import-
O/iflo aro held. Tho owners of Albert
Hull hnd tried to prevent a mooting of
Hritish luborltos in connection with tho
campaign preceding tho general elections, on tho ground that incendiary
and revolutionary disturbances might
rosult, The Eloctrical Trades Union
forced the issue by cutting off tlio
lights of Albert Hall for other events
scheduled, and by threatening to-cat-off
thc eleefric current ih entire Kensing-
SPAIN.
Congress of Labor Unions.
The recent deliberations of tho thirteenth congress of tho Union Genernl
do Trnbajndores, tho nntionnl lnbor
union of Spain, woro of more than usual importance to thc Spanish labor
movement. The conditions which made
tho congress of such significance wero
tho stnte of world politics, the rc-awnk
ening of the working clnss group in
parliament which was conducting a
strong campaign, tho economic plight
and attendant labor unrest which tho
country was facing, and tho general
disorganization of tho workers themselves.
Tho congress opened its sessions in
the latter part of November, with fl8
delegates prosent, representing 600
branches with 100,000 members." Several new associations wero admitted to
tho union, among thom being the municipal junta of tho Radical Party.
Throughout Spain there has beon
serious disaffection among the miners,
rnilwaymon and postmen, often resulting in strikes, and at the congress tho
oxecutivo was bitterly criticised for
not extending much needed assistance.
Tho executivo replied that tho demands
upon it were too many and too burdensome to permit of thoir being complied
with. Tho question of education was
also considered, but nothing of valuo
dovolopcd.
Prolonged argument followed tho introduction of a resolution calling for
fusion of the Union General, and tho
Confederation Nncional do Trobajo,
tho hitter being supported by the syndicalist elements ond being the more
nggressive orgnnization. A new resolution setting forth tho need for fusion
and empowering a committeo to take
necessary steps lo bring it about, wns
passed.
A proposition for the union to sub
sidisso "El Socialista," a Socialist
newspaper, met with snmo opposition,
but was finally carried. This action
was especially duo to tho fact that thi
paper wns printing in some detail the
important debates which the Socialist
deputies in the Cortes were promoting,
which necessitated an increase in pages
from two to four, and attendant expenses beyond tho moans of tho pnper
to boar.
It Is Your Advantage to Buy
Undermuslins
Now
Every requirement has
been anticipated in this
sale, liberal assortments
being provided in all lines.
Materials arc of the finest,
styles are as you would
have them and the prices
are specially low. There
is every good reason why
you should attend this
sale and take advantage
of thc splendid values. It
is by far the most important Whitewcar event of
the entire year.
575 Granville Phone Sey. 3540
TO A CAPACITY
I
Speaker ' at  Rex   Theatre
Explains  the Question
'What Do We Want?"
A-S.U.B. Local 2651, Victoria
Moeting held in Lnbor Hall Thursday evening, Brother H, Starkoy in
the chair. Seven new members wero
initiated. Tho question of supporting
the local paper, Thc Tribune, was
left over to a summoifod meeting, aa
was also a communication from headquarters ro amondmont of rules. It was
unaided to support the Retail Clorks In
thcir efforts to have the weekly half-
holiday changed from Wednesday lo
Saturday at the coming municipal
election, when a referendum dealing
with the holidny will be taken,
Brother II. J. Jones was appointed
delegate to the Metnl Trades Council
ro Brother fl, Ellis resigned.
Business Agent Domicilii spoko in
a very commendatory manner of the
efforts of the shop stewards (members
of tho 2(551) in organizing tho yards*
The A. S. C. & J. local is going abend
nnd is undoubtedly ono of the I've organizations in the city, tho benefits accruing from the institution of a permnnent secretarv making themselves
felt'. * •
Houston, Texas—Organized cobprTs
havo reased wages from 57% to 70
cents on hont ;aml secured a o'he-year
contract*.
Complete Overthrow of the
Present System of Production Is Advocated
Last Sunday evening was no exception to the stato of affairs which has
prevailed for weeks past at tho Rex
Theatre, as hundreds wero ngnin unable
to obtain admittance.
Mr. Woodsworth ia opening stated
that he had been ht the Broadway
theatre continuously for tlio last seven
Sundays. Ho referred to tho significance of the fact that it was possiblo
to curry on four large meetings in Vancouver theatres at the same timo on
Sunday evenings in tho working class
interest. These meetings were more
than propaganda meetings, they were
centres of expression. Tho press was
controlled and tho pulpits catered largely to ono class in society. It was encouraging thereforo that so many were
found to bo actually clamoring to givo
expression to tho sentiments and desires of the great masses of the people.
Two things worth noting at tho outset were tho present phaso of thc Bussian situation and tho civic election,
Tho protest ugainst interference in
Bussia was spreading and being voiced
by leading U. S. magazines aud British
newspapers liko tho Manchester Guardian and thc Westminster Gazette,
Now wo had the information thnt British and American troops wero to be
withdrawn from Bussia. Nevertheless
some disgraceful scenes were reported
to havo taken placo when certain Canadian troops were only recently shipped
at Victoria for Siberia. Wc had grown
accustomed to hear of German and in
tho past of Russian troops being driven
by forco to the fighting front, but it
was something new for Canada, and
tho speaker believed for thu British
Empire itself, to have troops driven
aboard ship by bayonet and revolver.
A Limited Franchise
Regarding tho civic election thoy had
boen treated to an exhibition of tho
fact that it is not the man whot votes,
but a piece of property. Twenty-two
hundred votes had decided Hie control
of this big city i'or another year. The
lists were not representative of tho
people, and ns u proof of this tho
speaker challenged tho big Rex audi-
onco to show its civic voting power,
and less than fifty hands were put up
in response. An absolutely unpardonable stnte of affairs existed in the fact
that it was possiblo for one man to
voto eight times if he happened to have
his property in each division of tho
city, Tho worker whero ho had a voto
at all Vvas usually confined to one vote,
and it was thc plural voter who had
defeated the Labor Party candidato in
this recent eleetion. Thoy must also
follow tho example of Winnipeg and
abolish the property qualification at
present necessary to tlie holding of
civic office.
Many outside of thc ranks of lnbor
wore asking todny what it was that
labor wanted, and it was interesting
to note the development ns shown by
where tho emphasis was placed on tho
query, At one time thc tono was a
superior ono as they asked tho question, "What do YOU want!" Then
it becamo impatient, "Whnt do you
WANT?" Then worried, "What DO
you wantf" ami latterly, conciliatory,
"WHAT do you wantr'
Want No patchwork
Other people seem to think wo want
reconstruction schemes which arise
from a theory that tho war was just
an interruption to which a few simple
adjustments uro needed in order to
have everything running again on the
same lines.
What is known as tha Whitely roport in Britain seeks for control of operation in industry by committees composed of employers and workers' representatives; but this will not satisfy
the worker when ho renbr.es lhat inter-
Machinists Local, 777
Requests that all members give in
their names and addresses to the secretary as they are compiling a new mailing list for The Federationist, Officers
elected: President, Chas, Edwards; vice-
president, P. Bengough; financial see*
rotary, W. Warcham; recording secretary, A. House; conductor, Bro. Quigley; sentinel, Bro. Boardman. The machinists specialists and helpers of the
Coughlans Shipyards and Vulcan Iron
WorkB, are requested to attend ft
special meeting, to bo held in the Labor
Tomple, room 306, on Saturday, Jan,
18, at 3 o'clock.
Befuses to Arbitrate
New York—The Dress and Waist
Manufacturers Association has refused
to arbitrate tho question of higher
wages with its organized employees.
President Schlesinger of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union,
suggested taht differences be referred
to an impartial tribunal, but this was
rejected. Tho unionists say tho association has but 30 per cont. of the employers gecauso of tactics similar to its
present attitude.
T. & L Council Holds
Busy Meeting Last Night
(Continued from page I)
Frame Safety Law
Olympia, Wash.—A safety bill has
been prepnred by a committeo of employers and employeos appointed by tho
stato industrial commission. The bill
provides a rule of duty for employer
nnd omployed in respect to safoty of
workmen and work places and for the
establishment of standards of safety.
ests are vested just where they alwaya
have been. Tho represutativo British
workors havo clearly defined their position in stating that there must bo no
patchwork aud that a reconstruction of
society itself is what is wanted, und
it must bc so well done'that thoro will
bo no danger of a counter revolution.
Tho Canadian manufacturers idea of
reconstruction as dofined by tlieir
speakers, disclose a desire to retain all
of their special privileges previously
enjoyed—a continuation of high tariffs—bigger trade and all that this has
meant to them. Thc worker, on the
other hand, realizes that such a programme means nothing to him except a continuation of his economic
slavery,
Thc state had not hesitated to step
in and demand tho lifo of its citizenship, but property hnd practically escaped making any equivalent contribution. Life was rated lower than property, but this was one of the lessons
which Labor had learned, and although
they were credited with short memories
he believed there would be sufficient
memory left of the relationship of life
to property lo enable them to sustain
a demand for social justice.
The farmer belonged (o a traditionally conservative class, but today was
demanding the common ownership of
natural resources and state-owned systems of distribution.
•Tho big thing was to stimulate people to think. That was the work of
the Federated Labor Party. Ignorance
and indifference were the pillars of the
present system, and they must expound
tlio truth till people see it. After nil,
it was not the messago of a party or
an organization, it was the messago of
a new day for all workers.
The movement of the workers was
recognized in the press of every country now by only one name, but it made
Httlo difference, the work was going on
and spreading. Exploiters were doomed to be overthrown. They wero today becoming accommodating, but as
one writer had said, they were "willing
to do everything for Iho worker except
get off his back."
which would be held shortly; also that
the committee re the B, C, Fedorationist bo discharged. His report was concurred in,
J, J. Dougan, secretary Child Wei*
fare Association, requested two representatives attend meetings the coming
year.
The delegate from the laundry workers stated that some 80 girls and 20
men were still out of work.
Hon. L. W. Shatford and H. H.
Stevens, M.P., wrote drawing attention
to the desirability of council urging
tho Dominion government to hasten
construction of tho branch line of the
C. N. B. from Kamloops to Kelowna.
Filed.
Vancouver city publicity and industries appointed to study and report on
tho development of natural resources,
asked that council send representatives
to attond meeting.
Labor Disputes
tho following resolution, after a
lengthy discussion was unanimously
passed:
"That tho Trades and Labor Council submit the following questions to
tho affiliated unions: 'Are you in
favor of all labor disputes boing submitted to the Trades and Labor Council whon same caunot bo adjusted by
the party or parties affected?'
"In tho event of tho couneil being
unable to arrive at a satisfactory settlement: 'Aro you in favor of n goneral striko voto being taken by all
affiliated locals!'
" 'Havo you any agreement at present with tho employors f If so when
does it expire?' "
Ladies' Auxiliary
At tho regular meeting of tho Ladies'
Auxiliary of Machinists on January
16, two new members wcro initiated.
A whist drive and danco has been arranged to tako place on Saturday, February 35, in the Labor Temple. Further
details will bc given iu next week's
Federationist. AH machinists nnil their
friends aro wclcomo to join in a good
evening.
Janitors Raise Wages
Chicago—With nn almost 100 per
cent, organization, janitors in this city
succeeded in winning their strike for
higher wnges. Rates arc doubled iu
somo cases. Under the new agreement
a janitor must bo given 15 days' notice
before he can bo discharged. If ho lives
in the building he must have 15 days
to move. The workers must givo 15
days' notice if they intend quitting
thoir employment. Wives of janitors
can not bo hired for janitor work. This
stops tho practico of an entire family
working to secure a baro living.
To Extend Initiative
Littlo Rock, Ark.—Petitions will be
circulated to chango the state constitution so that any number of amendments
may be submitted to the people for
popular approval, through direct legislation. Tho constitution now permits
only three amendments being placed beforo the peoplo at an election.
Bureau for Homcseokers
Washington—A homcseokers' bureau
has been established by tho railroad
administration to givo free informntion
about opportunities in western and
southern statos to thoso who wish to
engage in funning, stock raising (gardening and similar occupations.
FBENCH SOCIALISTS AND
INTEBNATIONAL SITUATION
Frenchmen Are Opposed to Intervention ln Either BnttU ot
Germany
(By International Labor News Service
Band School of Soeial Science, Nen
York.)
Tho central organ of tho French Socialists, L'Humanlte, writes as follow,
on the threatened allied military campaign against Bussia:
"All those who contributed to provoke and prolong the war are alarmed
at the awakening of the masses . . ,
and demand that the centres of the
people's revolution should be promptly supresscd. Their anxiety is no longer
to conquer tho enemy, but to preserve
from the revolutionary peril tho capitalist bourgeoisies of all countries.
They know that the Bussian Bolsheviks
havo destroyed monarchic and capitalist privileges, havo placed thcir hands
upon tho property of social parasites.
Anything sooner than thatl Thoir hatred of tho enomy is giving placo to the
desiro of coming to an understanding
with him, so as to bar tho advance
of this scourge, which is worse, in their
eyes, than war or pestilence , . . ,
That a now war .... should be
undertaken tomorrow—a war waged
by tho international counter-rovolution,
a crusade agaiust the peoples who aro
progressing towards political and economic enfranchisement—this is possiblo;
but surprises await tbe initiators of
such an adventure. Thoy will no longor
bo ablo to plead the necessities of national defense, and tho necessities of
capitalist dofenso aro not of a naturo
to rouse tho enthusiasm of thc masses.
On tho contrary, tho workers will por-
coive clearly that they aro boing
thrown ngainst ono another only in
order that their chains may bo riveted,
and tho domination of their masters
consolidated."
Lo Populaire, the organ of tho majority Socialists reflects as follows on
tho provalont policy toward Germany:
"The French press is divided between its hatred of kaiserism and its
animosity to Socialism. Between a
kaiserism which would destroy all liberties, and a socialism which would
ruin nil privileges, their choice is mado
in advance. They are discovering latent sympathies with the deposed monarchs who, after all, maintained a certain social order—or disorder—nnd
thero arc too many points of resemblances between German absolutism
and thc Tsarism which our greater
journals have;—not without profit—extolled, for them to deny to the former
all tho respect they gave to Ihe latter.
How keep the Austrian and Germnn
revolutions within the boundary which
divides a caricature of democracy—
sueh as ours—from real democracy?
Such is the pro-occupation of many
Frenchmen, in whom the soul of tho
Holy Alliance still lives   .   .   ,   .    "
Donations to tho Sibblo Funeral Fund
And donations to this fund will bo
acknowledged in theso columns. All
donations should bo sent to Tho B. C.
Foderationist:
J, G. Morgan  $5.00
H. Allnuin   1.00
A. S. Wells   2.00
Dr. W. J.  Curry   5.00
Pr. Sanford   2.00
T. B. Miles  S.00
R. E. Anwyl  3.00
A Revolutionary Sapper   1.00
J. E. Bird   2.00
W. W. Lefeaux  2.00
,T. T. Stott   2.00
THE BIG UNION STORE FOR MEN
Dick's Great 14-Day Sale
Closes Saturday Night
Don't let this opportunity get by you—Western Canada was never before
offered such bargains in Men's Suits, Overcoats and Gent's Furnishings of
every character.
The best ever in Clothing at prices which make the garments the greatest
bargains for men ever offered in Vancouver.
MEN'S SUITS
The best quality in Fancy Tweeds and Worsteds —in all models —suits
that will give you good service—suits that you'll be proud to wear.
Begular $18.00 Suits,
Sale Price 	
Begular $27.50 Suits,
Sale Price 	
$12.50
$19.95
Regular $20.00 Suits,
Sale Price 	
Begular $30.00 Suits,
Sale Price 	
$14.95
$24.95
OVERCOATS
Take your choice from the largest stock ever displayed in the city—all
materials—all weights—every garment is extra good quality—will give
satisfaction.
Regular $18.00 Overcoats, __(_ f_i_
Salo Price  V *■ \JM\t
Begular $25.00 Overcoats, 41 _1 QC
Sale Price  tJil't.UO
Begular $30.00 Overcoats, CIQQC
Sale Price  eJtlV.VO k
Our guarantee—"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back"—goes with
every sale.
REMEMBER-Sale Closes Saturday Night
33-45-47-49, Hastings ShEasK

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.bcfed.1-0345590/manifest

Comment

Related Items