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British Columbia Federationist Nov 16, 1923

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Array BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST
I industrial unity, strength *_*.       Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)
.4 POLITICAL UNITY: VICTORY
FIFTEENTH YEAR.   No. 46
FOUR PAGES
VANCOUVER, B. C, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 16,1923
$2,50 PER YEAR
Candidates in Civic Election to
Demand 44-hour Week at
COMMITTEE MEETS NOV. 18
Worker* Urged to Sluggett Labor
Candidates aa Only Logical
Coune to Adopt
j AT the general meeting of the
i Labor Representation committee last Friday night, the following platform for the acceptance of labor candidates for the
civic elections was Unanimously
concurred in:
(1) That the unton rate of
wages he the minimum.
(2) That forty-four hours a week
be the maximum.
(S) That we are in favor of day
labor on all civic and municipal
work.
(4) That we are in favor of owning and controlling all public utilities each to be organized and administered by .separate departments.
(5) That public service should be
rendered at cost.
(6) That police commissioners
be elected by popular vote,
(7) That we are In favor of the
abolition of property qualifications
for publlo office.
A further meeting will be held on
Monday next, to finally deal with the
matter of nominations of aldermanic
candidates for the city and reeves
and councillors in surrounding municipalities, Aid. R. P. Pettipiece having been chosen as standard-bearer
for the mayoralty.
There   was   a   full .attendance   of
delegates.       J.   R.   Flynn   occupied
the chair.   A. S. Wells tendered his
resignation as  secretary, which  was
duly  accepted   and  Frank  I#.   Hunt
| elected to nil  the position.      A lot
of detail work was disposed of.   The
i report of the Policy committee after
a  lengthy discussion was concurred
In.
The concensus of opinions of the
I delegates is that a vote by the elector
for the labor candidates ls not lost,
even  though   they  are   not  elected.
The   labor   voter' wins,   no   matter
which way the election goes, because
several    things    are    accomplished.
First, you help to build up the labor
party, whose sole object is to point
out to the workers of Vancouver the
evils    of   a      corporation-controlled
council, so that they will join in the
movement to replace lt by working
class  legislation.     Second,   by  helping to build up the labor representation  committee,  you  make  it  possible to train a large body of workers
to be capable  of transacting muni'
elpal business for the beneflt of all
at the opportune time.     Third, you
help   to   elect   our   candidates   and
thus  create  an   opportunity  to   im
prove the condition of the workers
I even     under     a     corporation-ruled
i council.      Fourth, and not the least
j important,   Is,   you   help   organized
labor to roll up a big vote, so that lt
vhas  a   standing'  in   the   communit.y
j which must be reckoned with.      Or-
f dinarlly, the last assertion Is difficult
I to  demonstrate,   because  events  are
[ slow to shape themselves into defin-
ite -results   within   the   short   time
necessary to make the cause of labor
| plain to the whole electorate.     Also
\ remember  that   eleotlon   day  is   on
^December 12, and to vote early and
[ not   be   debarred   from   voting   like
Bthey were last year when "the bird
[shut oif the  juice"  and  the   street
[ cars stopped   running till  after  the
I poll  was  closed.
EELANDS' SPEECH
toe Legislature Discusses Un-
\ deployment, Immigration
\* ' -and Other Problems
V*'
Y ———
LONGSHOREMEN'S     STBIKE
Protected by Labor Purty
If it had  not boen for tho labor
Jparty thousands of poor peoplo would
■ have been ejected from their houses,
■ says C. P. Trevelyan, M. P.
Ruhicd Trgdo
Tho great "oaptlaiiB of Industry"
I throughout the world have brought
I trade and commerco to ruin, says
I Qeorge Lansbury, M. P.
MINIMUM WAGE BOARD
[ Wages and Hours for Experienced
Females in Manufacturing industry
The Minimum Wage Board of Brlt-
I ish Columbia has established the foll-
I owing minimum wage schedules for
I experienced female employees in the
I manufacturing industry; effective
I November 20:
"The minimum wage for every experienced female employee, whether
Ion a time-rate or piece-rate basiB,
.[shall be $14 for a week of 48 hours.
"No such employee shall be employ-
led for more than eight (8) hours in
lany day nor more than forty-eight
1.(48) hours in any week."
Imperial   Preference
"Imperial preference" presupposes
la community of Interests which is
|*non-exlstent, and tariff tinkering only
[increases the conflict, says A. Hen-
I derson, M. P.
Boys' Minimum Wags—Printing
Text Books—Eight-hour
Bill—Test System
TD    H.  NEELANDS,  labor member
*"•   for South Vancouver, delivered
an able speech ln the legislature at
Victoria on Thuraday.    It Is as follows:
Mr. Speaker: We take up the subject of unemployment where we left
off a year ago. As long aa labor members occupy seats upon the floor of
this house, this matter will be up for
discussion. For many years labor
pleaded for workmen's compensation
and other social legislation, some of
which has been made law, but not
without persistent campaigning on the
part of the workers. So with the
eight hour bill, which, as indicated lh
the speech trom the throne, ls to be
brought down during the present session, after being repeatedly turned
down at former sessions of the legislature, although lt had the fullest support of labor. The same with unemployment. We shall constantly bring
forward this matter until it receives
the attention it deserves. A system
under which some degree of unemployment exists in normal times, and
ln bad times gives us thousands of
men and women who can flnd no
work, is wrong. We are out to securo
a change which will give us a system
having1 in view a social purpose; a
community in which there is no one
starving or in need of the necessities
of life, because it recognizes that starvation Is an injury not only to the individual alone, but to the whole body
of which he is a member. The system
of capitalism, of which unemployment
is a part, has to go. It is not good
enough for us to endeavor to satisfy
ourselves with the statement that
there is less unemployment this year
than last. Unemployment is a recurrent social disense, and should be
guarded against in normal times, In
stead of waiting until it breaks out as
a serious epidemic, and then tinker
with the situation by hnnding out
doles, etc. It is difficult to flnd anything now to say on this subject, but
I feel lt is a matter which must be
brought to the attention of this house
because there are a great numbor of
people suffering because of it. It is
suffering which they do not deserve;
It is suffering which a large part of
the community is ignoring; and, I am
afraid, it is suffering which a large
number of men who have always been
In work themselves, have not sufficiently recognized.
Doles and ltellcf Work
At every turn we have found how
inadequately the government has met
the situation. For a long while, when
unemployment was at its worst, the
question was passed back and forth
between the provincial and federul
governments, each attempting to rid
itself of responsibility In the matter
until eventually the condition develop
ed into such a state that something
had to be done. Now what do we
flnd is offered by our government
which are composed of supposedly intelligent business men—nothing but
doles, and the performance of what
they called "relief work," but what I
call useless work, which resulted in
enormous waste of man-power at
groat cost to the country. Now is the
time for the government to take such
Bteps as will protect the workers
against sickness and unemployment,
as well as injury, While we are glad
to note that there has been a Blight
reduction in tho numbor of unemployed persons during recent months,
we are unable to draw much satisfaction from this improvement, as there
are still largo numbers of men and
women out of work.
Aftor more than threo years of depression, with unemployment on an
unprecedented scalo, It is not unreasonable to expect that somo mention
would have been made in the speech
from the throno that the government
would come forward with some plan
which would lighten the burden of the
victims of unemployment. Yet there
is nothing In tho speech to show that
you are prepared to deal with the problem in any way. Work or adequate
maintenance Is the demand labor
makes upon the government. It ls the
foundation of our proposals for dealing with the unemployment problem,
and we will continue to press for its
full acceptance by whatever government which may be in power, so long
as thia evil remains to torment the
workers and their families.
Immigration
Now we come to the question of immigration, a question which is closely
allied to that of unemployment. Provincial and federal governments are
spending large sums of money in sending emissaries abroad in their offortB
to encourage immigration to this
country, under the guise of settling
the newcomers on the land. On more
than one occasion already this session,
we have heard of the fate of numbers
who have attempted to get back to the
land so that lt Is unnecessary for me
to enlarge upon that point, although I
(Continued on p**e I)
Why You Should Subscribe for the
B. C. Federationist
1. Ever since its establishment 15 years ago, it has worked in the interests of all people
who work for a living, and endeavored to obtain fair wages And fair hours for all
working people.
2. It agitated for and helped obtain suoh valuable laws as the Workmen's Compensation act, the Minimum Wage act for women and Mothers' Pensions.
3. It is the only paper in B. C. that gives Labor's side of public questions.
4. If you want all the news, particularly labor's aide of itrike troublea, politieal
campaigns and efforts to obtain better labor laws, as well as labor news of interest and importance from all over the world, one has to have a labor paper.
SUBSCRIBE FOB THE PEDEBATIONIST.
BOOST FOB THE FEDEBATIONIST
5C
Shipping Federation Make Fortunes, But Balk at Modest
Wage Increase
BEAL  CAUSE  OF  TROUBLE
Stevedoring Superintendents Going "Batty" Result ofthe   .
Scab'
(Editorial Longshoremen's Strike
(Bulletin)
SO MUCH haa transpired, and so
many new controversial points
have been introduced into the present dispute, since the Inception ot
the strike, that many people are apt
to forget at this time the original
stumbling block to an amicable arrangement in the early days of last
month. That was the refusal of the
Shipping Federation to meet the extremely modest demands of the longshoremen for the re'lntroductlon of
the lumber bonus lost In the spring
9f J.922. .It is a point not lightly to
be ignored just now when a perusual
of the financial columns of any of our
daily newspapers shows the present
charter rates for lumber to the Orient.
The present westbound conference
rate on lumber to Japan is $13.50 per
thousand feet—a raise of $1 per thousand since we came out on strike—
but that is merely the minimum
which may be charged. According
to the Sunday Sun (Nov. llth):
Lumber exporters are divided in1
opinion as to the possible condition
of the freight markets on the North
Pacific early next year. One faction
is taking all the tonnage that can be
secured even paying $14.75 and $16
for ships to take lumber from this
coast to two ports in Japan. The
other element has refused to tako
any ships and is holding out for what,
they call post-Christmas snles in
freights.
At the time when we executed our
last six months' agreement with the
Shipping Federation (April, 1923) the
chartered rates approximated,. $12.50
and were subject to slight oscillations
until the month of August, when the
C.G.M.M. took tho highest rates on
record for lumber on a shipment to
India. The justice and reasonable
ness of the longshoremen's plea should
be apparent to all, especially when we
consider tho feverish bookings now
being made for charters to the Orient
(Continued on page 2)
British Labor Party Leader Flays
Oovernment for Sidestepping by Election
LABOR IS LIKELY TO GAIN
JAIL FOD "SEDITION"
Nova Scotia Needs Another Jos.
Howe to Defend Free Speech
and Free Press
[Editorial Halifax Citizen]
The jury and trial judgo In the McLachlan caso havo completed their
"glorious" work and, for the flrst time
in Nova Scotia, a man is sent to Jail
for "sedition," unless tlie appeal of
which notice was given, should succeed. The attorney general got in his
share of thc "splendid" work ln characteristic style, and no doubt tho
wholo group—jury, judge and prosecutor—are thoroughly happy and satisfied with themselves. Possibly they
are not aware that they have struck
lhe first serious blow agninst freedom
of speech since the days of Joseph
Howe, and have turned back the
wheels of progress one hundred years.
Would that this province had a Joseph
Howe In order to show up thoso who
would destroy free speech and a free
press, no matter what the provocation
or pretext might be. There Is a deep,
Berious principle involved which Bmall
brairfs cannot see, altogether apart
from tho question of McLachlan, and
had wo a Howe In our midst today,
those who are so wantonly and unnecessarily casting this principle to
the winds would be shown up In their
true colors and the eyes of the public
opened to the real truth to which
they are now blinded by prejudice
ngainst McLachlan. When tho appeal
has been decided we shall deal with
this subject further.
Motion Brought Before Commons
by Labor Leader Discloses
Labor Election Policy
(Special to The Federationist)
T ONDON, Nov. 15.—That the gov>
ernment, in calling a sudden election, was deliberately side-stepping
the stupendous unemployment problem and the European/ embroglio, and
that the instituting of the tariff issue
into the election 'is merely an effort
to bring about a false and unimportant issue in the election in an attempt to get the people's minds off
their real problems, Is the charge
made to-day in the House of Commons by J. Ramsey Macdonald, leader of the opposition labor party. His
m,otion follows:
"This house cerisiffi_s the neglect of the government to deal
with the pressing needs of the unemployment question, regrets its failure to devise and pursue a national
policy calculated to restore the interests of the country abroad and re-establish international peace and trade,
and condemns the decision of the government to leave millions of British
people in want in order to fight an
election on an undisclosed Scheme
of tariffs and preferences conceived
by sections of capitalists in their
own interests, the effect of which
must be to Increase the cost of living and encourage the formation of
anti-social trusts and combines."
Tho motion is interesting as Indicating the line labor will pursue
in the coming elections. The action
of the government in calling an election so suddenly and in the midst
of European confusion, and tjie dis*-
banding of parliament before it had
settled down to work, is meeting with
criticism on all sides in England. It
is being predicted by political experts
in close touch with the labor party
that the conservatives stand to lose
the most ground as a result of their
precipitate action. Their present
standing; of 342 members in the house
of commons may be cut down to such
an extent that there would be the
possibility of the labor party outnumbering them and capturing the govornment. This has been considered
a possibility for long by both friends
and enemies of the labor party; and
With tho reversion of feeling arising
against tho government for bringing
about an election at such an Inoppor
tuno time, this possibility of labor
party triumph Ih more near a prob
ability than It linn been beforo. It
Is oxpected that the unltod liberal
party will obtain not more than lfiO
members, but at all odds they should
be Inferior in numbers io tho labor
members when the votes are counted.
Tho state of parties in the prosont
houso of commons Is aH follows:
Unionists. 342; Labor, 144; Unltod
Liberals (comprising B9 Asqulthfans
and 59 Lloyd Georgians), 118; other
parties, 7; vacant 4; total, 615. For
tho total 616 scats in the house of
commons there will be about 1350
candld.-itcs in the field, including
about 30 women. The Conservative
and the Liberal parties will each nominate about 480 candidates and the
Labor party about 300.
UNIONS MOVING TO HOLDEN
BUir.MNG SATURDAY,
DECEMBKIl 1
SATURDAY, Dec f will bo
moving day for nil union offices now local-Ml ot 310 Pender
street west. The entire eighth
Noor of thc Holdon building, 10
Hastings street east, lias boon
IcomxI fnr tlio unions affiliated
with lho Vanoouver Trades and
Labor Council. Monday, Doc. 8,
tlio soorotarlos of the unions
will he "at homo" In tlicli* new
quarters. The now location will
prove a brighter and more modern headquarters for tlie organized labor movement In
Vanoouver.
Unemployment Insurance Drives
Skilled Women Into Domestic Service
ABUSE BECOMES FLAGRANT
Typical Oase of This Kind with
Respect to One of Union's
Members
T-HE alternative of accepting employment aa domestic servants or
having their unemployment beneflt
cut off is being presented to skilled
women workers in Great Britain by
the administrators of the unempoly
ment insurance law. This abuse has
become so flagrant that the 1523 Brit
ish Trades Union congress protested
against women who have served an
apprenticeship or received proper
training for some trade or calling being refused unemployment benefits the
premiums for which they have duly
paid, because they refuse to go Into
domestic service when unemployed.
The National Amalgamated Union
of Shop Assistants, Warehousemen
and Clerks now has a typical caso of
this kind with respect to one of tho
union's members. The woman had
had 15 years' experience as a saleswoman in the distributive trades, during
the last six of which she had held th.
position of manageress. She became
unemployed and registered at the employment exchange, which offered her
a situation as a general servant at
wages approximating nine shillings to
twelve shillings a week. She refused
to accept this type of work and the
local court of referees suspended her
unemployment beneflt for six weeks.
The union appealed the decision to the
umpire, stressing the points that tho
work was entirely unsuitable to one
with the experience mentioned and
that it was a great Injustice to bring
such undue pressure to bear upon her
to forego the training gained and to
accept work In an occupation ln which
she had no previous experience and
no desiro to enter and which would
have the effect of rendering a return
at o. future dato to her appropriate
occupatjon almost impossible. Tho
umpire reversed the decision of the
court of referees and allowed the
claim in full.
Hand your neighbor this copy or
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day for a subscription.
Longshoremen Standing "Pat" at
All Affected Ports Are
Confident
(Longshoremen's Strike Bulletin)
VICTORIA—The scabs they had
recruited here last week have formed
some kind of an organization. They
bave duly elected a president and secretary. They don't need a treaasiirer
as tbey couldn't trust ono of their
number with any money out of their
sight. Anyway a scab would sel] his
wife for money so why expect him
to part wilh even two bits a month.
The boys there nre still standing solid
and ar© confident of victory,
GENOA BAY. CHEMAINUS AND
NANOOSE BAY—The situation remains unchanged.
A LB li! UN I—Thc boys here are
standing  firm.
KltASER MILLS—Everything remains quiet. The boys are ln good
spirits.
VANCOUVEB—According In all
reports the "Empress de Fink" Ih
yielding to the influences within hy,
Thy smoll is even quite noticeable on
Hastings street, when the wind Is In
a favorable direction. There is n rumor running around that those little
companions of every soldior in the
great war aro gaining a foothold In
tho underwear In use on the late liner.
However she has lots of stanchion*
that may bn put to a now uso now
—thesamo use that Is made of tho
posts so thoughtfully erected in the
SPEECH LABOR NOW UNITED
Eight-hour Bill and Workmen'i
Compensation Discussed
Before
CUMBERLAND MINE HOBBOB BAKE $1460 FOB THB t L. A.
Immigration Polioy Lacks Logie
—Residents Leaving the
Country
rjURINQ the course of Mb remarks
In the* Legislative Aaeembly at
Vlotoria last week, Sam Outhrle, member for Ladysmlth, severely censured
the department of mines under the
Hon. William Sloan as minister of
that department for laxity ln enforcing the safety provisions of the mines'
regulation act, for the protection of
life and limb of those who work within the bowels of the earth producing
prohts for the coal barons of the province.
Beferring to the immigration policy
and the efforts being made by the various governments to Induce Immigrants to come to this country, Mr.
Guthrie asked If it was tho internum
of those responsible for this movement to bring these people hore to
starve, nnd pointed out. that workers
were not found to be lea. Ing any country if conditions wero good, as they
are doing at the present time. ".Make
conditions flt for tho people to HVe
under" said _$_. Outhrle, "anil lt will
not be necessary to send agents to
the old country, at great expense, as
emissaries to encourage immigration
here."
Eight-hour Bill
On the eight-hour bill, which Is
to be brought down this session, he
Baid he was glad to notice that at
least it had been found not to be necessary to await similar act sn by
other provinces, and suggested that
possibly lt was an indication of an
early election. He went on to say
that if the government was bringing
down the measure as a vote-catcher
he would recommend that they at the
same time provide a seven-hour day
for miners.
Closed towns also received his attention. These he described as "slave
pens" and pointed out that for years
past, tho question of whether these
places eome within the jurisdiction of
the federal or provincial government
had been bandied back and forth.
Now that that question had been settled by a statement of the premier of
Canada, Hon. McKenzie King, to the
effect that the provincial government
had jurisdiction over these towns he
hoped that tho government would
take the necessary Bteps to have these
places opened up. and the full rights
of citizenship given to the people residing in such towns.
Workmen's Compensation Act
Dealing with the "Workmen's Compensation act, Mr. Outhrle urged an
amendment to tho act to provide for
the elimination of the three-day wniting period In cases of Injury to a
workman, and Increasing the rate to
75 per cent.
The conditions surrounding the
Cassidy school also came in for criticism, owing to the fact that notwithstanding the expressed wishes of the
peoplo of the district on two seperate
occasions, asking that thc school he
located at Waterloo, to meet the
wishes of tho manager of thc company
tho education department hnd the district divided, nnd established a school
at Cassldy In nn old bunk house,
which hnd bcen condemned by th*
medical inspector, In a location not
In complinnco with the school act, in
that It is situated less than 500 yards
from a powdor magazine.
Cumberland Mine Dlrautor
Thc report of Inspector Wilkinson
of tho mines' department into the
Cumberland mine disaster ot i*-oh-
ruary last, was donit with nt considerable longth by tho Newcastle member. Ho described the report as
nothing more or less than n "whitewash," consisting largely of praise
for department olllclals nnd senior
company olllclals and condemnation
for those in minor positions. Mr.
Outhrlo drew particular attention to
tho finding of the Inspector which
placed responsibility for tho accident
upon a dead olilnaman. One of tho
vory people whom lho liberals, tn
their platform during lho 1910 election, had declared would not be permitted to work In tho mines If they
wcro elected.
With regard to tho glorification of
tho higher up officials of thc Canadian
Collieries company. Guthrie quoted
from a speech made by Mr. Farris on
January 21, 1916, to show (hat lho
liberals had not always thought Ho
much of these high up olllclals. Tho
quotation Is as follows:
(Continued on page 2)
Workers in Vaneourer Helping
Longshoremen ill HgW for
foUectire Bargaining
Special Meeting Tradee aad Labor
Oounoil Btarti Move to
Bnd fhe Trouble
QRGANIZED labor m Vancouver
la presenting a unite* front in
the battle being waged io determine
whether collective bargaining and juat
conditiona ahall prevail bn Vanvou-
ver'e waterfront, or whether the open
shop, scab labor and unjust conditions shall be the rule.
It was announced at * the apeclal
meeting of the Trades, and Labor
council on Tueaday night, which waa
well attended and presided over by
vice-president S. G. Smillie, ihat already 11460 had been raised by organized labor Ih Vancbuver to aaalat
the longshoremen In their light with
the Shipping Federation. To guarantee further and more substantial financial support for the longshoremen, It
was decided at the meeting to endeavor to have members, of organized
labor In Vancouver contribute half
a day's wages each week to a strike
fund for the longshoremen.
Representatives of the Longshoremen's association, the Shipping Federation and a representative of the minister of labor, as well ae Mayor Tlsdall, will be Invited to a public meeting next Sunday, held under the auspices of the Trades and Labor council.
A committee composed of Aid. R. P.
Pettipiece, S. O. Smillie, Percy Bengough, W. Cottrell, E. Jamibson and
W. Dunn waa appointed to interview
the Shipping Federation and confer
with a representative of the minister
of labor ln an attempt td-bring about
negotiations for an ending of the
trouble on the waterfront.
Among tho speakers at the meeting were W. A. Pritchard, business
agent for the I.L.A.,. nnd George
Thomas, secretary.    ..
Mrs. James Borland Baid she was
trying to obtain the First Presbyter.
Ian church for a. public rag-ting in
behnlf of the  longshoremen.
Concert nnrl nni'ir o
Burnaby branch of the Federated
Labor party will hold their first
concert and danco _» tnts season in
1. O. O. F. hall, Kingsway and McKay,
on Thursday, Nov. 'ii, at 8 p.m. Oood
music will be provided by the orchestra and an enjoyable evening is promised to nil who come. Admission is
free, but a collection will be takon to
defray expenses.
To Restore  Lanil to People
If thc thefts of land committed by
the landowning interests could be
legalized becauso the possessing
classes were makerB of law, now that
wo have a voice In tho mnking of
tho laws it will be Just and fair to
pasB a law restoring the land to the
people, says Robert Smillie, M. P.
sheep pastures In the "Oubl Sod."
Heading is gelling to bc a favorite
oxoreiso with tbe scabs. Tho har-
hor Is quiet but what work Ib to be
dono is helng dono In thc usual
scabby fashion.
At the end of the fifth weok there
is still no sign of weakness In any of
tho nffected ports nnd the bosses are
beginning to sit up and take notice.
Thoy will sit up nnd take moro notice when tho lads go back—NOT
thrnugh thc Fink Hall. Are wo down-
henrtod ?
"The Hat"
"The Bat," greatest mystery play of
all times, which Is now making Its
third triumphant tour of the country,
has bcen witnessed by more than 1,-
000,0110 porsons thus far this season,
with thc gross box otlice t-ccclpts being close to *_,000,000, and tho season
only two months old.
Parents' sacrifice
Over 100,000 young men of England whose parents have sacrllioed
much to give Ihem a trade have nover
done a day's work from the time thoy
finished their apprenticeship, and
have not only lost their trade but are
losing tlieir characters as woll, saya
.1. II. Thomas, M, P.
You may wish to help The 1-V.ler.
allonlsi. Vou can do so hy renewing
your subscription promptly nnd Bending In tho subscription of your frlenil
or neighbor.
BELGIAN Mr PARTY
Issues Manifesto on International
Situation—Qermany May
End 8-hour Day
[Labor Press Sorvico]
London, Nov, 11—"Tho consequences
of thc conduct of M. Poincnrc's government are to create formidable centres or destitution and anarchy ln
central Kurope and tu .threaten the
conquests reullzod*by * Uio Herman
workers Immediately 'after, tho war,"
declares tho general oouncll of tho
Belgian labor party |„. ._ manifesto
drawing Ihe atlontldn of tho workers
to tho Increasing gravity* of thc International situation. ''The end of
Ihe eight-hour day In Germnny would
mean lhe return of long working
hours throughout Europe." Demands
put forward hy tho council arc lho
Immediate and unconditional resumption of negotiations bctwoon the
nllloB and Oermany and a genoral
amnesty for Ruhr oxllos and "offenders" against tho Franco-Belgian
control. PAGE TWO
fifteenth year, no.-in BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY November 16, 1M8 ]
British Columbia Federa'ionist
Published every Friday by
The   British   Columbia   Federatloniat
Busineu Office: 1129 Howe Street
Editorial Office: Room 906—319 Pender W.
Editorial Board: P. R. BenROugh, it. H. Heel
 ands, Oeorge Bartley.	
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign. -$3.00 per year; Canada, $2.50 per
year, $1.50 for six months; to Uniona subscribing in a body, 16c per member per
month. _
Neelands' Speech
{Continued from Page 1)
ACTIVITY OF STATE
TJnlty of Labor:   Tha Hope of the World
FRIDAY...... November 16, 1923
FORTY-li-OUR HOUR \XKl_.
THE Labor Representation committee in ita platform for the
approaching* municipal elections,
provides "that forty-four hours shall
bo the maximum for a week's work."
To the average reader this would
seem to be quite a modest, demand.
But experience teachos that what
promised a few yoars ago to become
a reality appears to have lost much
ot its importance in the light of
greater evils than existed when the
forty-four-hour work-week was first
agitated. if there were reason for
the workmon of the country do
mandlng shorter hours, It has be
come intensified by the occurrences
of the past few years—ever since the
war—that have deprived thousands
of employeos ot the power to remain
self-sustaining through their efforts
as producers. A complication of
affairs haa decreased the number
of men employed, and further, it has
almost destroyed thto possibility of
their again .securing employment
Under these conditions the necessity
for adopting every method of giving
employment should be earnestly advocated, that the number of the unemployed may be decreased and the
destitution existing among thousands
of workers be removed. Every little
helps, and if a- universal forty-four-
hour work-week were adopted it
would materially lessen the number
of the hopelessly destitute and
furnish employment for more than
one-half of the present unemployed.
The employers of labor are, very
naturally, opposed to any such agitation as will shorten the working
time, and in too many instances they
are supported by their employees,
who forget that there are others demanding their portion of a livelihood. The desire to earn all that
one can ls largely responsible for the
oppressive condition that exists among
so many of the trades. Overtime
may look promising, but the "overworked" does not appreciate tho
enormous results for evil until,
bowed down by sickness and overwork, he realizes that with all his
efforts his pay is hot one cent more
than It was with his aix days a week
and his Sunday rest.
In the legislature the other day
R. H. Neelands, H.L.A., pointed out
that there had been reported to the
B. c. labor department, that some
34,000 were working more than 48
hours a week; that 8,000 worked 54 hours a week, 10,700
worked 60 hours, 381 worked 72
hours, 256 worked 90 hours, ono 91
hours, one 94 hours and one 104
hours. "Why send missionaries to
China?" asked the labor member,
thero Is a bare possibility that the
provincial government in the face of
these figures may put through an
eight-hour law this session.
U.S. COAUNOUSTRY
Final Report of "Sankey Factfinding:   Commission" Is
Now Published
PUBLICITY   OF   ACCOUNTS
State Must Know Cost of Production, Profits, Wages and
Working Conditions
[Labor Press Sorvice J
t\Kli of the most useful acts of the
Into Presidont  Harding was tho
appointment    of    a     "fact-finding"
commission   lo  inquire  into  the  organisation   of   the   coal   industry   of
the Unltod Stales.   The final report of
this  "Sanky commission"    has    now
been published,   lt Is an interesting
document.    It declares plainly for a
stricter use of tho powors of the federal authorities to protect tho public
iUnd to promote tho development of
Hio Industry.   One of its recommen
rlatlons is the enactment of a taw to
provide for completo    and    compulsory publicity of the accounts.   The
state, it asserts, has a right to know
what  the cost    of    production    ls,
whether   the    investment   of capital!
on which a roturn is made is fairly,
estimated or inflated,    what    profits
are mado by tho owner, operator, and
dealer,   nnd  what   aro  tho   earnings
and working conditions of tho miners.
Rome of this Information is now collected  by voluntary agencies.      The1
commission  believes  that  this  factfinding service should now be placed
on a permanont and woll co-ordinated basis,    It points out, further, that
the fundamental ovil In tho Industry,
naming tho anthracite    Industry,    Is
monopoly—tho  treatment  of limited
natural resources as If they were like
othor  private  proporty.    It  suggests
as a remedy for high pricos for fuol,
short of price-fixing or public ownership, tho levy of a graduated tax on
royalties and differential profits.
know of many instances where genuine
attempts were made but proved failures. At any rate, Mr. Speaker, would
it not be much better, would it not be j
approaching the whole question in a
more intelligent manner, if.some eiTort
were made to retain the natural increase of our population, as well as
those who may voluntarily come to
this land? Now, Mr. Speaker, what
do we flnd statistics to show on this
phase of the subject The population
of the dominion in 1911 was 7,206,000
In the last decade, the total number of
immigrants entering the country was
1,812,000, and the natural increase of
births over deaths was 1,140,000, so
that Canada should have had ln 1921
a total population of over 10,000,000.
Actually, however, the population at
the 1921 census was shown to be 8,-
774,000. It is, therefore, clear that
Canada not only failed to hold the
immigrants who entered the countrj,
but also lost 244,000 of tne natural try-
crease. These people do not leave because they would not like to stay.
Tho Deadly Parallels
I bring to your notice, Mr. Speaker,
two most paradoxical announcements
which have appeared in the daily
press, namely:
Land of MUk! Public Notice :
and Honey: FromjThe council of the
Land's End tojclty of Regina has
John o' Groats.! by resolution, de-
Britons are to bejclared that the
told of the great! policy of the city
life which awaits) will be one of ut-
the willing worker) terly refusing rein the Canadian) lief to any person,
dominion, Capt.]Notice Is further
Milton states, an! given that there ls
arrival from Can-jnot sufficient work
ada is to be the) during the winter
lecturer quoted as) months for the
saying I am confl-jpresent residents,
dent this my visit,|and the public are
will be helpful tojwarned against
many, inasmuchjeoming here ln
as Canada proves)search of work.
a land of milk and) Jas.' Orussick,
honey to the per-| Mayor,
son not afraid of)       Ceo. Beach,
work, | City Clerk.
Timber nnd Twenty-flve Cents
Speaking of our great natural resources, I feel that I must say something about the timber. During 1921,
the provincial government received a
revenue from the forests of British
Columbia of almost $2,000,000; in
1922, $3,000,000; during the period of
five years—1917 to 1922—a grand to
tal of almost $18,000,000 was received. A wonderful revenue producer
for the province, and yet the value
placed upon this great asset is 25c an
hour for protection against flre. Tou
will remember how at last session the
labor members fought to have some
provision made for payment for services rendered ln cases where men
were called upon to flght forest fires.
Little did we suspect at that time
that the value of such services would
be placed at so insignificant a flgure,
particularly In viow of the fact that
men are compelled to undertake this
work whenever called upon by a fire
warden to do so or face a penalty of
a fine of from $50 to $300. Surely
thiB, together with the 35 cents per
hours paid for land clearing at the
university site, will go far towards
keeping green ln the memory of the
people of thfs province the term of
offlce of the liberal party.
Minimum Wage for Boys
Another question which I wish to
touch upon ls the operation of the
minimum wage act.   Amongst the social legislation on the statue books of
the province the minimum .wage for
women stands out as one of the best,
but unfortunately, just as in a great
many other instances,    we    run    up
against unscrupulous individuals, the
most of whoso time appears to be devoted towards finding ways and means
of defeating the purposes of such acts,
and destroying thoir usefulness.    Wo
find that certain employers are engaging boys to do work that is. ordinarily
done by women and girls, at less than
the minimum wago for women.   This
gives rise to the necessity of making
provision for a minimum wage for
boys, which I trust the government
will take steps to bring about.
"    Longshoremen's Strike
Now i would like to say a word or
two in referonco to a very serious situ
ation which exists on the waterfront
of our coast citios, where a strike con
dltlon obtains, and a powerful Shipping Federation stiffens Us neck, and
absolutely refuses to meet an organization of its omployeos ln scale negotiations, notwithstanding tho fact that
as has bcen  pointod  out by officials,
particularly In the city of Vancouver,
that serious  loss  Is suffered  by that
olty, as well as others.    In the first
place,  the Shipping Federation,  and
by the way, Mr. Speaker, ono of the
most activo membors of that federa'
tion is the Robert Dollar compnny, a j
vory patriotic concern that transferred
its shipping from American to BrltlBh
bottoms so that Chinese instead  of
white crews could be employed, objected to meeting officials of the Longshoremen's union.   Then in reply to a
letter written to both the union and
the federation by Acting Mayor Owen
of Vancouver, ln an attempt to got
tho two parties together, tho Federation reiterated Ub refusal to nogotiate
with tho Longshoremen's union,  but
stated that should a committeo representing former longshoremen employed on the waterfront desire to meet
the representatives of tho Fedoration,
we aro quite prepared to moot thom.
As a result of this letter, tho union
uppolnted another committee (a practice almost unheard of ln organized
labor).   From information I have recoived, tho Fedoration evon refused
to moot this committeo on tho ground
that tho men comprising tho committee woro members of tho union.   This
'Lotion casts considerable doubt in the
sincerity of tho Foderation in making
such an offer and places responsibility
for the prosont stato of affairs upon
it.   In this ago when the right to or-
Adjusting Industrial Relations by
Law Works Against Australian Unionists
BAKERS GET A DOSE OF IT
Guthrie's Speech
(Continued from Page 1)
Nothing Happens When Bosses
Aot Contrary to Law—Encouraged to Do So
CYDNEY, N. S. W., Nov .16.—Adjusting industrial relations by statute
law instead of by the organized economic power o' the workers is quite
frequently referred to as working to
perfection Jn Australia. The Operative Bakers' union of this city ls gel-
ting a dose of this kind of political
state activity right now. The bakers
are working under a bread law and an
award of the industrial arbitration
court which fix the length of tho
working day and the starting time.
The master bakers carried on their
plants outside the hours fixed by the
bread law. The bakers initiated proceedings to have the law enforced.
Whereupon the government issued instructions to the police restraining
them from taking action in the matter and the minister of labor suspended investigations into alleged
breaches of the bread act. The Australian Worker charges the New South
Wales government with "aiding and
abetting employers to break the law"
and with "deliberate attempts to prevent the employers from being prosecuted for their wrongdoing."
In regard to the enforcement of
New South Wales labor laws, the
Worker says "lt is well known that
every time the workers overstep the
mark they are drastically dealt with,
but nothing happens when the bosses
act contrary to the law. _5!hey are actually encouraged In their unconstitutional actions."
Novel Scheme for Dealing with
Out-of-works at Bengal
and Calcutta
A meeting of the Pengal Unemployment committee nt Calcutta recently approved a scheme for dealing
wilh unemployment The plan ls to
start, according to a report publishes
by the international labor office, an
Industrial and agricultural colony;, to
Invite people to Join with their own
capital and to request Influential per
sons to give the pioneer group the
support of their custom for a few
years in order to give the colony
good start. Public-spirited persons
will also be asked to take shares
which will bear interest to a maximum of 12 \_ per cent. It Ib hold that
the establishment of such colonies
would show the way to the solution of
the problem of unemployment In
Bengal.
"That the miners.on Vancouver Island have been unfairly treated; that
there has been a failure to enforce the
proper precautions for the safety of
human life in these mines; that the
government of this province is responsible; that there has been, and there
is, a bond of sympathy and understanding between the coal mine operators and the government of this province, which Is a menance to the interests of labor, and a crime against
the coal miners and their families,"
Chief Inspector of Mines
At the public inquiry re tho drowning of 19 men in South Wellington
disaster in 1915, Justice Murphy had
this to say of Mr. Tom Graham, who
was chief Inspector of mines:
"I want to say this in Justice to Mr.
Graham. I am not at all satisfied
with the explanations put forward by
him as to the suppression of the evidence at this inquest, and if he has
any further explanations to give, I
think he should do so. If you have
any other explanation, Mr. Graham,
make it now, in Justice to yourself.
You know what a coroner's Inquest
Is, and that the object of It Is to flnd
out, not that people were drowned, but
why they were drowned, and you had
a vital piece of evidence there and did
not adduce it.   Why not?"
At the Inquest covering same disaster,  Graham admits crimes:
He then went into the witness box,
and admitted that he knew, and had
known for two months, that
maps were on a different scale, and
that- he knew that the maps produced
at the coroner's inquest were false
statements, and that he intended lt
to go through the coroner's inquest,
so far as he was concerned, as lf the
two maps wore on the same scale.
Tho chief mine inspector of this province had deliberately come to this!
inquest, and with malice aforethought
let the witnesses givo evidence, all I
the time himself knowing that these
maps were on two different scales."
Immigration
On the question of immigration, .Mr.
Guthrie Informed the house that he is
at a loss to understand the logic of
encouraging aliens to come to this
country when conditions are such as
to make it necessary for those already
here to leave for other parts in order
to obtain a Uvllhood. Referring to
the "back to the land" movement he
drew attention to the position of the
farmers already on the land who
could scarcely obtain the price of a
pair of laces for a hide. He also
mentioned the case of a fruit-grower
who for 2300 boxes of apples received
the magnificent sum of $23, of which
there are many similar Instances. "If
there ls a desire," said Mr. Guthrie,
"to place old country people on the
land, why do they not open up the
deer parka and make them available
to the people there." He pointed out
that while one-fifth of the popula
tion of Scotland fought in the great
war, one-fifth of the land Is reserved
for deer forests.
Has  Experienced  Nothing  But
Hostility from Western
Democracies
BETRAYAL AT VERSAILLES
	
Dream of Monarchists Become
Feasible Because Breakup of the System
[Labor Press Service]
T ONDON, Nov. 9.—A disarmed Ger-
^ man democracy has experienced
nothing but hostility and oppression
from the western democracies, and
it would hardly be surprising If this
were to lead to a revulsion of feeling
in favor of a militarist empire,
which, when it existed before, was
certainly able to protect Us citizens
from outsido attack until lt began its
own mad march against the world.
Tho vain dream of the monarchists
has become a feasible proposition because of the disastrous betrayal of
democracy at Versailles. The early
disappearance of the German reich,
the dissolution of Us post-war political ties, and tho break-up of its Industrial and economic system seem
almost inevitable because of the vindictive Bpirit which was shown by tho
allies some of the time , and by some
of the allies all the time since the war
ended. Is It to be wondered at that
general Smuts, the chief representative of a self-governing community
that ls the outstanding illustration of
the wisdom of a defeated people being Justly treated by the victors,
should have been impelled to denounce in the most vigorous terms
the reckless handiwork of the states-
men who dominate Burope? General
Smuts warned the world that it was
no use resorting to a process of patching, or temporising, of playing with
the dreadful reality which has already made possible the slow, steady,
fatal deterioration of conditions all
round. A thorough overhauling of
the position is wanted. A radical reconsideration and where necessary,
revision of existing arrangements are
overdue. The only real hope for the
future is a clean break with the past,
and a concerted effort made in a spirit
of peace and understanding to avert
the destruction that threatens to engulf all, and to restore the conditions
of a healthy life to Europe.
ganize is conceded by everyone, and
collective bargaining generally recognized, tho attitude taken by the Shipping Federation in refusing to meet
the men in negotiations, is to say the
least, most unreasonable.
Printing Text Books
A matter which I believe Is well
worthy of the consideration of the
government is the question of printing and manufacturing school text
books. Here we are particularly fortunate In having the timber from
which to make the paper, and a printing plant in which the books could be
manufactured and distributed to the
pupils at cost of production, lf not
free. In my opinion, It would be a
source of pride in our children to bo
able to say, "Here, I have a book produced entirely in the province, from
raw material to tho finished article,
and in addition I am sure would effect
a great saving to the people.
Eight Hour Bill
I am pleased to note In the speech
from the throne that at least there Ib
a possibility of this measure becoming effective. Reference to the report
of thc department of labor shows that
ovor 34,000 persons In this province
aro working over 48 hours a week.
In this category
8,000 work   li4 hours or 9   por day.
10,700 work   00 hours or 10 per day.
381 work   72 hours or 12 per day.
25G work   84 hours or 14 per day.
iW6 work   90 hours or IT. per day.
1 work   91.
1 work   94.
1 work 104.
Why send missionaries to China?
Test of the Economic System
Mr. Speaker, the test of any economic system must be: "Does It deliver
thc goods?" Does it give the poople
a good world to live in? When we I
look about us and see the amount of
misery, want and suffering, how on
the ono hand we have a large portion
of the peoplo working hard under
unrealthy conditions, for low wages,
and a groat number who would work
but are unable to procuro It; and on
the other some living ln Idleness and
so rich that they arc at a loss to devise ways and means of spending their
ill-gotten woalth, wo cannot but Bay
that capitalism has failed to give thu
people a good world to live In. Not
only has capitalism failed to provide
a decent standard of living for those
In work, but it is responsible for war
and all its attendant evils, oa well as
for tho numbers of workerB boing out
of employment Our mission ls to
devote our energies towards bringing
about a change In the social order,
which will make this world a better
Plnco In which to livo, eliminating n
•onditlnn whoro with Bome there Is
endless suffering whilo others are rolling In luxuar...
NORWEGIAN WORKERS
Labor Party Is Divided as Result of
■Ultimatum of the Moscow
Internationale
Chrlstlanla. Nov. IB.—The Norwegian labor party has split as a result
of an ultimatum by the Moscow Internationale calling on Its Norwegian
compatriots to ceaae from adopting
motions hostile to the Russian organization whose decisions, the communication s. ys, the Workers of Norway are bound to carry out loyally,
They should also refrain from expelling or suspending any members of
the party without the consent of the
Internationale. The decree submitted
to the national congress of the labor
party In session here, was rejected by
a vote of K9 to 103, Thereupon the
Russian representative present at the
meeting said that the minority section henceforth would be regarded as
the Norwegian section of the Moscow
Internationale; The minority faction
left the meeting.
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and
Closes at 6 p.m.
Nightgowns Very
Moderately Priced
OF Cotton Crepe in bluebird, butterfly and floral
designs; slipover styles wth kimona sleeves;
some with shirring in front; colors blue, mauve,
yellow or pink; all sizes—$1.95 each.
Of fine mull in slipover style; daintily hand-embroidered and finished with hemstitching; also
sleeveless styles with faney stitching in honeydew,
mauve, blue or flesh—$2.50 each.
Of fino grade cotton crepe in sleeveless style, trimmed with lace edging. These can be had in honeydew, mauve or flesh with broken white stripe, at
$3.50.
—Drysdale's Lingerie Shop—2nd Floor
I
575 Granville Street Phone Seymour 3540
to the days of normalcy. Nor even
their own stevedoring superintendents, driven nearly crazy by the super-
efficiency of the "experts" locked in
the steel confines of the "Empress de
Fink."
Patronize Federatloniat advertisers.
Refuses 5c Bonus
(Continued from page 1)
She—You  went    shooting       with
Smith?"
He—Yos.
She—Shoot anything?
Ho—Only Smith.—London Mall.
next year. We know pretty well
what kind of a mess Is being made
down on the waterfront now by the
pettifogging storekeepers, exaccount-
ants, lawyers without briefs (or con
sciences), "cullud gen'men" from the
U.S., Swiss and Italians so recently
In the country that their Ignorance
of the English language ls equalled
only by their lack of knowledge as
to the location of Granville street in
this city, to realize the alarming cost
of stevedoring under these conditions.
But the Shipping Federation,
through it bought and paid for newspaper stories, tell us they are satisfied and are making money. If that
be so, they certainly made a hell of
a pile when they had the I. L, A.
membership to draw upon. All of
which tells us that we were far. far
too modest and reasonable in our
demands.
However, they might fool some people, but they don't fool us. Nor, we
might add, do they fool Alderman P.
C. Gibbens, who views the congested
stato of the harbor from his verandah. Nor, yet again, do they fool
the shippers, despairingly wringing
their hands and beseeching a return
AMAZING VALUES AT
FIRE SALE
WHATEVER you buy at this wonderful
wile you are certain of saving big
monoy, Fresh lines on display every day—
come and supply al) your winter needs tn
ready*to-wonr garments at unique low cost.
Watch for salo of piece goods, etc., shortly-
Fumous s^TL.
088 HASTINOS STBEET WEST
Ring np Pbone Seymonr ISH
for appointment
Dr. W. J. Curry
DENTIST
Suit*   801   Dominion   Bulldlnf
VANCOUVER, B. C.
"Wonderful Indeed is the power cf
the voice."—Cicero.
THIS power of the voice is the success
of the telephono. It was in the endeavor to transmit sound that Ihe telephone was invented, and the great factor
of its development into an article of very
common use is lhat direct conversation
may be carried on.
Became it enables one's personality to
be sent i* the reaion that the telophone
promotes friendships and intimacy, and
brings about closer relations between
those la business. The pleasure of hear
Ing the voice yeu know makes long dis*
tance the casual practice of every one.
B. 0. TELEPHONE OOMPANT.
HAVE you ever bad a real drink
of Puro Apple Cider daring tbe
last few years?
To meet the desires of many clients,
we hive introduced reeently a pure clear
sparkling apple cider ln pint bottles,
either pore sweet or government regulation 2% hard apple cider. These drinks
are abaolutely pure and free from all
carbonic aeld gas or preservatives of
any nature. Write or phone your order
today, Highland 00.
VAN BROS. LTD.
Older Manufacturers
1956 Commercial Drive, Vancouver, B. 0.
FIRST CHURCH OP
CHRIST SCIENTIST
lieo Otorci* strMt
Bondsjr union, 11 mMs. tnd 7i«0 pjn.
Sand., oebopl tamedl.telr foll.wio,
morning nrviee.   Wednndor lutlmoiUI
SSS _&»«_**" """"* ""!■
ft. F. Harrison
MOUNT PLEASANT
UNDERTAKING 00., LTD.
AMBULANCE 8KHVJCE
Ml KDtQSWAT      TAKOOUVBE, B.O.
Phon. Tairaoao 68
Mainland
Cigar Store
tia OARRALL STREET
THE PLAOE FOB PIPES
STOMACH SUFFERING
Disappears  as  lf by  magic when
JO-TO
is used. Qu pains, aold stomach, sour
stomach, burning and all after-eating dls*
tress relieved in two minutes. All Draj
Stores.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
BABBIBTBB8,  SOLICITORS, BTO.
401-408 Metropolitan Building
837 Haatings Bt. W. VANCOUVEB, B. 0,
Telephones: Seymonr 6660 ud 6667
WHEN IN TOWN STOP AT
The Oliver Rooms
48 K   CORDOVA STREET EAST
Everything Modern
Rates Renaonnhle
EMPIRE CAFE
AND GRILL
"A Good Plaoe to Eat"
HASTINGS   AMD   COLUMBIA    STS.]
accept this
invitation
"Cascade" invites you io experience thc
joy of drinking the finest beer brewed in
the west—to partake of the concentrated
nutriment of Canada's choicest barley
and hops, brewed to perfection—to get
that fine feeling that comei from drink.
Ing real good beer.
Intht on "Canada," ami tet the per/to.
lien ef satisfaction. All Government
Liquor Stores euppty It,
Vancouver
Breweries
Limited
"LAID OFF"=
Two Short Words, Bridging the Golf Between
COMI*X)KT and POVERTY
Hive 70D protected rtrantlf tnd ronr femll, agalnit mob en emergency,
witk • SAVINGS ACCOUNT--tke mut T.lD.bl. Aieet I mil III ker. (or
tke "BAINT DAT.".
We STRONGLY RECOMMEND joo to itert neb an acoonnt AT ONCE,
at one of onr City Brencboe*
HASKXOS ul BEYMOUE aee. t. HurUon. Hauler
Oordon sad Abbott Kiln tad 8Mb Am. Hala ud Broedwtj
WHERE TOU WILL BBOBT. B PROMPT AMD COURTEOUS ATTEMTIOB
Union Bank of Canada
P.B.—If you are living in • community not provided wttk Banking facilities, address u by nail, ud we will be (Ud to guide yon ln respect to "Banking by 11*11."
Thi* ml —mi - ...Hit Ir not published or displayed'by the Liquor
0"iilrti! H-mrd cr by the Govcrutnent of British Columbia.
To Secretaries and
Union Officials
When Wanting Printing of any kind
SEE US !
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the last fifteen years. We guarantee sat
isfaction. Prompt service. Reasonable
prices.
Cowan Brookhouse, Ltd.
PRINTERS, PUBLISHERS. STEREOTYPERS
AHD BOOKBINDERS
Phones:   Sey. 7421 and Sey. 4490
1129 HOWE ST.        VANCOUVER, B. C. RIDAY November 16, 192S
H1JTBBNTH TEAR.    No. 46 BRITISH   COLUMBIA   FEDERATIONIST VANCOUVEB, B. c.
PAGE THREE
This Weather-
Teeth Troubles
j LETTERS TO
Expression Plates
My special feature—efficient as your natural teeth
—perfectly moulded—will
not slip—perfectly comfortable, giving full use of
Jaw when biting—eradicate lines of age from the
features.   *
HT METHODS
of extraction and other
treatment are absolutely
safe—only the most approved
*_^_^^___, PAINLESS
methods are used.
Dr. Brett Anderson
117 Years' Practice in Vancouver
Formerly member of the Faculty of the College of Dentistry, University of Southorn
California;   locturor   on   Crown   and   Bridgework;   demonstrator   in   Platowork   and
Operative Dentistry, local and general anaesthesia.
602 Hastings Street West  Phone, Seymour 3331
Open Tuesday and Friday Evenings
ARE more than ever apparent. Neglect
meanB more discomfort, greater cost.
Take advantage today of my high-standard
dental service—get your teeth put right
once and for all.
An examination at my offloe, with advice and estimate, will eost you nothing.  Call or phone today.
15-YEAE  WRITTEN  GUARANTEE
GIVEN ON ALL WORK
Vancouver Unions
■ANCOUVER     TRADEB     AHD     LABOB
, Connell — Preildant, R. H. Neelanda,  U.
A.; general iecretary, Percy B. Bengongh.
ice: 808, 810 Pender Bt. West, pkone Sey.
■106.     Meeta in Labor Hall at 8 pjn, on
|t flrat and third Tuesdays in month.
kw^IBD PBINTINO TBADES COUNCIL—
J MeeU aeoond Honday in the montk. Pre*
■dent, J. B. White; aeoretary, R. H. Neel-
\&t, P. 0. Bqi 66.	
■DERATED LABOR PABTT, Ub OOK-
|dova    Street    West—Basinets    meeting!
1 Wednetday evening. A. Uaelnnfa,
airman; E. H. Morriion, tec-treee.; Geo.
Harriion, 1162 Parker Street, Vancouver,
0., corresponding aeeretary.
Any dlitrlet In Brltlih Colombia deilring
'ormatlon ro securing speakers or tbe for-
itlon of looal brauekei, kindly communicate
i Provlnolal Seeretary J. Lyle Telford,
r Blrki Bldg., Vancouver, B. G. Tele*
font Seymonr 1882, or Fairmont 4tfS8.
JiKEF.t SALESMEN, LOCAL 371—tfsrta
■second Thunday every month, 319 Pender
■reet West. President, J. Brlgbtwell;
|anclal secretary, H. A. Bowron, 929—llth
. East.        	
*UR*NEYM*Kji' BABBERB'   INTERN ATION-
Ui  Union  of America—Local   120,  Van*
ver, B, 0., meett leeond and fourth Toes-
a in eaeh month in Boom 818—819 Pen*
Btreet Weat.    President, C. E. Herrett,
Ha«tlnga Street East;  aeoretary, A. B,
ii, 820 Cambie Street.    Shop phone, Sey.
02,    Residence phone, Dong. 217 IR.
VERNATION AL     BROTHERHOOD     OF
Roller-makers. Iron Shipbuilders and Help-
^■)  of  America,   Local   191—Meetinga  flrst
^■d tklrd Mondays In each montb.    Presl*
at, P. Willis; eeentary, A. Fraaer.   Offloe:
bm 808—819 Pender Street West.    Offlee
in, 9 to 11 a.m. and 8 to 6 p-m.
■iOKLATBRB AND MASONS—Ir yon need
fbrioklayert or maions  for  boiler works,
r marble setters, pbone Brlcklayen
Labor Temple,
va__*   BROTHERHOOD   OF   CARPEN*
I .'ERS and Jolnera, Loeal 462—President,
W. Hatley;  reoording aeoretary, W. Page;
incas-agent,  Wm.  Dunn.    Ofti
■319 Ponder Btreet West.   "
— fourth Mondays, 8 p.m.,
jadir Btreet West.
    Room
Meets socond
Room S, 810
VIO EMPLOYEES UNION—MMta flnt
,d third Frldaya in eaoh month, at 148 Oor*
ba Street Weet.   Pnsldent, David Cuthlll,
•3 Albert Stnet; eeentary*treasurer, Oeo,
1182 Parker Street.
loiNEKRS — INTERNATIONAL     UNION
Bteam and Operating,  Loeal  844—MeeU
fcnr Thunday at 6 p-m., Room 807 Labor
■■mple.   President, J. Flynn; business agent
^■i flnanelal teentary, >. S. Hunt; recording
Kfttary, P. Hodges. __
KTY   FIREPIQHTER8   UNION   NO.
TPresident, Neil MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
jretary, 0. A. Watson, No. 8 Firehall.
COFFEE
''In the Flavor Sealing Tin"
You may wish to help The Federatlonist.' You can do bo by renewing
your subscription promptly and sending in the sr'ttH-rlptlon of your friend
or neighbor.
iNEBAL LABORERS UNION—MEETB
ivery flnt and third Monday in room 812—
j) Pender Street West. Prucident, J. B.
| wthorne; flnanclal aeoretary, A. Padghara,
ree Road Post Office, Vanoouver, B. C;
| ordlng seeretary,  0.  Tether,   2249—46th
, East, Vancouver, h. 0.	
BTEL AND RESTAURANT Employees
■talon, Local 28—441 Seymour Btreet.
>W first and third Wednesdays at 2:80
Becond and fonrth Wednesdaya at
■0 pjn. Executive board meets every
laday at 8 p.m. Preaident, W. A. Colmar'
fnesa agent, A. Oraham.   Phone Beymour
I'/INEERS — INTERNATIONAL UNION
I    Steam  and   Operating,   Local    882—•
ts  ovory   Wodnesday-   at   6   p.m.,   Room
Labor Temple.  President, Charles Pr'ee;
ness agent and financial secretary, F. L.
recording secretary,  J. T.  Venn.	
JCHINISTS LOCAL 182—Preildent, Let
leorge; aeeretary, J. Q. Keefe; buainess
ltt, P. R. Bengough. Offloe: 809, 819
■der Street West. MeeU in Room 818—
\ Pender Street West, on flnt and third
ad-ays In' tnonth.	
(1H1NI8T8 LOCAL 692—President, Ed.
secretary, R. Hirst; business
fc_, _. R. Bengough. Offlce: 809—819
Aer Street West. Meeta In Room 8—
f Pender Street West, on second and 4th
lidayn In month.	
HCIANS MUTUAL PROTECTIVE
NION, Local 145, A. F. of M.—Meets at
ie Hall, Homer Btreet, aecond Sunday,
6 a.m. President, Ernest 0. Miller. 991
bn Street; aeoretary, Edward Jamleson,
Nelson Street: financial aecreUry, W, E,
lama, 981 Nelson Btreet; organiser, F.
ther. 991 Nelson Street.
World's Strongest Man at Orpheum
The Orpheum Circuit haa booked
a number of spectacular European
features for the preaent season, and
tho first of these will be seen at next
Wednesday's opening vaudeville bill
In the person of Kronos. The
name may not signify much, until
one remembers press reports drift*
ing from various European capitals
anent a new discovery—the strong-
eat man ln the world. In the past
year Kronos has been the sensation
of England and the continent. With
steel and iron bars provided by the
public, he twists the metal about his
forearm into springs. With his
naked hand he punches four-Inch
spikes through stout oak planking.
Lifting a six-cylinder automobile
containing four passengers Is for him
a sinecure, and he has many other
sensational feats which easily Justify
his billing as a modern Samson. He
headlines an exceptloanlly alluring
bill of vaudeville in which Emllle
Lea, with Clarence Rock and Sam
Kaufman, In their -entertaining;
sketch, "Rehearsing for Vaudeville."
Then there are those versatile entertainers Dave Seed and Ralph Austin
in "Things and Stuff/1; Zuhn and
Drels, two of the funniest men in
variety today—and several other big
acts of tip-top and highly entertaining character.
[The opinions and Ideas expressed
by correspondents are not necessarily
endorsed by The Federatlonist, and
no responsibility for the views expressed is accepted by the management,]
Spiritualism and Clirlstlan Science
Editor, B, C. Federatlonist: In
viewing the healing work of Christian
Science, an.d reluctant to acknowledge
ltd divine source, the average bystander has fallen Into thu somewhat careless habit of attributing lt
to mental suggestion, and especially
so If he happens to have been educated along medical lines, A case in
point Is found in an address on
splrtualism, as reported In your issue
of Nov. 2, wherein the speaker
averred, ln substance, that tho curative power of Christian Science lies ln
appealing, through suggestion, to the
"subconscious mind," Although the
speaker's opinion was apparently
stated in good faith, It Is quite as apparent that lt was based upon an Insufficient acquaintance with the sub'
Ject. Christian Science accepts the
plain teaching of the Scriptures, that
power and Intelligence belong to Ood,
and can be obtained from no other
source, a teaching which has not been
modified or annulled by modern
delvings Into so-called psychic phenomena, or the workings of what St.
Paul called the carnal mind. The constant effort to persuade oneself that
he Is not Ul, may result In a change
of physical conditions, but without
lessening his faith in evil or removing his fears, and, therefore, without
affecting the underlying mental cause
of the disturbance, which is thus left
free to work in some other direction.
Christian Scientists do not appeal to
the fleshly human mind, but to Qod,
for deliverance from disease and sin,
and the answer to their appeal comes
from the divine source of healing, not
from that would-be mentality which
believes it can impart evil as well as
good. The attempt of the erring
human mind* to save itself, Independent of divine influence, is, to use a
rather hackneyed illustration, very
much like a man attempting to lift
himself above the earth- by pulling at
his shoe straps. The writer has no
desire to question the motives or the
sincerity of the lecturer, but it is
simple kindness as well as justice to
the public to point out that Christian
Science, in Its method of healing, has
nothing in common with other systems. It Is not mental suggestion, but
conformity to Jesus' teachings In
thought and life that can make men
Christ-like, and to accomplish ' that
transformation is the aim and effort
of Christian Scientists. Thanking you
for your courtesy, I am, very truly
yours,. SAMUEL GREENWOD.
Victoria,  B.C., Nov.  6,  1923.
Dr. Curry Deals with "Natter and Motion"
THE   VASTNE8S   OF  THE   UNIVERSE.
■e-n-e'-e■•■■».■ unii nnimn'i i ■ ■ i ai,a«e«eit«t»e"a«a<'e-e:e*e«e<e"e»ee«e<.—e<eiseiiai<m<ai» a i
T)R. CURRY flrst compared the theo-fsway, all matter and atoms In the uni
IthERHOOD OP PAINTERS, DECORA-
l)ltS and Paperhangers of America, Local
| Vancouver—Meets 2nd and 4th Thun*
at 148 Cordova Streot West.    Phone,
I1 8610. Business Agent, H. P. Collsrd.
| DRIVERS, BRIDGE, WHARF AND
10k Builders, Local No. 2404—Meets at
Hastings Street West every Friday, at 6
Jas. Thompson, financial secretary.
C6R8'~UNI0N OF THE PACfFlC. 135
irdova Bt. West, P. 0. Box 571. Phoue
8708.   Meetings every Monday at f\T~
0. Campbell, business aptint. ^
ERATED SEAFARERS' UNION OF B.
.—Meeting nights, first Tuesday and Srd
Jay of eaeh month at headquarten. 818
■ova Street West. President, D, Gllles*
I vice-president, John Johnson; secretary-
purer, Wm. Donaldson, address 818 Cop
> Btreet West. Branoh agent's address:
Faulkner, 57tt Johnson Street, Vic*
B. P.
■EST AND ELECTRIO RAILWAY EM*
■oyees; Pioneer Division, No. 101—Meets
r. Hall, Eighth and Kingsway, 1st and
■Mondays at 10:15 a.m. and 7 p.m. Pre-
lit, F. A. Hoover, 2409 Clarke Drive;
Ming seeretsry, F. E, Griffin, 447—6th
g East; treasurer, A F, Andrew; linen-
■aeeretary and business agent, W. H. Cot*
H 186—17th Ave. W,   Offlce, comer Prior
■ Main Btnete.   Phone Fairmont 4604T
'oApkium \ cmcwiiVAuoEviLLta
STARTINO WED. NIOHT NOV.  il
MATINEES IHTOB, TBI. SAT.
SUFBEME  EVENT   of  th.   SEASON
KRONOS
STRONGEST   HAN   in   th.   WORLD
Sensation of Europe—Canadian Delut
Lynn-Dllion Oo.     Th. Awkward Ag.
DAVE SEED AND RALPH AUSTIN
 "ThingB and Staff"	
ZUHN and DREIS
"Domantua AmarlcanoB"
EMMETT OMAHA
 Ooldon Volood T.nor	
CATHARINE SINCLAIR and 00.
Athletic Pot Pourrl	
EMILIE LEA
With  CLARENCE  ROOK and  SAH
KAUFMAN—"Rehearsing for Vaude-
TU1«."	
Pictar. Attractions Ooncrt Orchoitra
Book Seats Eirly Seymour SS2
RMSYMEN    TAILORS'   .ONION    OP
fteWea.  Loeal  No.   178—Meetlnge  held
(Mender In eaeh month, 8 p.m.    Preal*
A.  R. dalenbri   Tice-prjsldjnt,   Mra.
! reeordlng aeerelarr, 0. MoDonald, P.
|o_ 608; 8nanolal eeoretarr, P. "*-"■
. Bn toe.
. MeNelih.
! VANCOUVER THEATRICAL FEDMt-
TON—Meeta at 91)1 Ni.l-.in Street, at 11
on the Tueidar preceding the let Ben*
if the month. President. K. A. Jamie*
ttl Nelson St.: Secretary. 0. H. Wll*
, OBI Ne'.on St ! Business Agent, F.
ira, Ml Kelson St, 
lARAPHIOAL UNION, No. 8JS—Preil-
it, R. P. Pettlpleoe*   vico-presldent   J.
H.  Nee
    __ni
ln Ubor Hall, 91°
Bryan;   secretary-treasurer, ...  —  	
I, P. 0. Box 08.   Meets last Snnday of
{'month at 3 p.m.
er Street West.
fOE ROPERT TYPOGRAPHICAL
HON. No. .413—President, 8. S. Mac*
%i.  secretary-treasurer,  J.  M.  Campbell,
]. Box 089. Meeta laet Thursday of eaoh
ilKERS' PARTT OF CANADA—989 H
mder Street West. Business meetings
y let and 8rd Wodnesday ...ry month.
TO THE MEMBERS OF
LABOR
ORGANIZATIONS
Boost for
The Fed.
oril CIRCULATION IS
INCREASING
GET ANOTHER
NEW SUBSCRIBER
"Materialism vs. Spiritualism"
Editor B. C. Federationist: Are we
interested in facts, or In the propagation of some pet theory or system of
philosophy? This Is the problem
brought to the writer's mind In perusing the article bearing the above
title head. If the vast, overwhelming
majority of humans, both of ancient
and modern times believed most surely In such things as the Immortality
of the human spirit, then it behooves
us to endeavor to find if there is any
foundation to it or otherwise. The
writer of the article in question says
that "the majority of scientists and
thinkers accept the materialistic basis
of life. "Who are this majority?"
They most emphatically are not such
men as Flammerion, Wallace,
Crookes, Coue, Mills, Edison, Stelnmetz, etc. In every walk of life, the
leading thinkers are thoae who believe, and somo who know, that the
spirit of man Is immortal. Evolution
is a fact, both of form and of spirit,
but don't pause here and let it go at
that.   *
Let us ask ourselves how is it that
the Neanderthal men, who are presumed to have lived some 60,000 years
ago ,are less like animals than we are
—for instance.they had no Incisor
teeth. Or, ask ourselves what manner
of men hewed out the rock temples
of Elephanter, of Nasslk, who raised
thc statues on Easter island; or to
come down to a latter date, the pyramids of Egypt or Central or South
America?
Regarding- the presumed-to-be fallacies of "Raymond" and the degeneration of tho ancient philosophers after
death, it is too long an explanation for
this article, but if anyone is interested
tho writor would be pleased to give
any honest inquirer what he regards
as a fair working hypothesis.
Just ono more point of correction:
Nirvana is not oblivion (except perhaps to things of earth) it is the absolute antithesis thereof. And to
closo this article: Man is a triple entity on this sphere of existence—spirit
soul and body,
The body Is of the dust and to the
dust it returna usually. Soul, which*
may or may not be immortal, conditions determine. Spirit, which always was, ls and always will be—Immortal.
F. L. HUNT.
logical or duallstic philosophy,
with what Ernest Haeckel terms "materialistic monism," and showed that
these two positions were necessarily
antagonistic, notwithstanding the grotesque efforts of metaphysicians, Uke
Sir Oliver Lodge, to reconcile them.
Instead of mind creating the material
universe, mind ls now recognized by
the greatest biological specialists to
be one of the many manifestations of
matter and motion which are Inseparable, and the speaker declared that
Prof. John Tyndall gave the reply
when he asked this question: "Divorced from matter, where is life to be
found?" The speaker read and quoted from Edward Clodd's "Story of
Creation," and from Haeckel's "Riddle of the Universe."
"Imponderable and Ponderable
Matter"
In the analysis of matter, lt ls divided into two classes—"imponderable,
and ponderable." The nrat Is that essential, yet hypothetical substance,
termed "ether," the medium through
which electrical, and radiant energy
travel, the substance whloh Alls infinite space, and is'even the vibrating
medium between., atoms and molecules.
Then there are the ponderable
forms of matter, known as gas. liquids
and solids, and the spectroscope has
shown that our sun and thousands of
other suns contain the same forms
of matter, as the earth, and even our
bodies are composed of. The discovery of the "indestructability of matter," suggested centuries B. C, was
proven and given the'world by Lavoisier, a -Frenchman. The law of the
"indestructability of energy" was first
discovered by Robert Mayer in 1842,
and the influence ls "that which cannot be destroyed, cannot be created."
In the opinion of Clodd, Haeckel and
numerous othe%scientists, ether is
probably the raw material out of
which ponderable substance evolves.
Many interesting illustrations were
shown on the screen, among them a
list of the chemical elements, beginning with aluminum and ending with
zerconlum, while pictures of the
"Fathers of Chemical Science," including Dalton and Priestley ,the discoverer of oxygen, were shown. The
speaker explained that a few years
ago, the atom was said to be the ultimate division of matter ,but experiments with that new element, radium,
apparently show us that atoms are
made up of eleotrons, and according
to the "Story of Creation,"; an atom of
radium contains 160,000 electrons,
and yet a molecule of water, consisting of two atoms of hydrogen and one
pf oxygen ls about one billionth of an
inch In diameter.
Unlike theology, however, being
embalmed and sepulchred in inspired
texts, and must be the same yesterday, today and forever, science keeps
the "open door" for revisions and
changes. Three centuries ago, Bruno
was burned to the stake for teaching
astronomy, now everywhere recognized, and since that day millions of
facta have been secured by science.
The unknown is becoming less, but
there will ever be the great "unknowable" which Spencer claimed would
be an object of worship.
Motion Divided Into Force and
• Energy
The speaker then showed the divisions of motion. The persistency of
force and the conservation of energy
are grouped under the doctrine of the
"indestructability of motion," but In
this sense force and energy are the
two antagonistic powers which keep
the universe moving. Forco is the attracting or pulling power, expressed
in gravity, cohesion and chemical affinity, while energy Is the repelling or
pushing power known as heat, electricity, etc.
Isaac Newton showed that every
particle of matter, attracts every
other particle of matter, in proportion
to the mass and in inverse proportion
to the square of tho distance which
separates them. Tho earth pulls the
sun, and the sun the earth; tho earth
pulls the moon, and thc moon the
earth; the latter pull fs evidenced in
the flow and ebb of tides. The moon
would fall to-the earth and the earth
into the sun, were it not for the energy of their orbital motions. On tho
other hand, if force had unrestricted
verso would In time gravitate Into a
perfect sphere, In which no life, nor
activity would be possible. "Life Itself," said the speaker, "Is a fight from
our flrst to our last breath." Motion
and matter are Inseparable .eternal,
and limitless from the electron and
atom to the great galaxies of suns and
In that universal medium termed
ether, there ls constant motion.
Energy Changed, bnt Not Created
Nor Destroyed
The amounts of force and energy
are constant, but the form of energy
can be changed, A mountain stream
can turn a water wheel, which will
generate light and heat, through electrical power, and the latter through a
motor, can be transformed back again
to mechanical energy, but there is no
creation, nor destruction of power, and
even our patent offices today will not
listen to the "perpetual motion
crank;" so prominent a generation or
two ago.
The vastness of space was also
touched upon. Light travels at 186,-
000 milea per second . The nearest
star outalde of our solar syatem ls so
far away that lt takes three yeara for
light to come from that star. Stars
are really suns like oura, aome entailer, aome vastly larger. The speaker
gave a brief Idea, of comets and meteors, or shooting stars.
The subject for Friday evening will
be: "The Solar System." Many beautiful pictures of the planets and of
the moon's great craters and mountains will be shown.
Emphasizing Our Unmatched Values in
Women's Coats
and Dresses
Garments of the season's latest mode, fashioned of
fabrics that take their place in the front rank of the
season's most desired novelties, and well fiinshed.
For style, appearance, nowhere else can you find
value to equal these.
WOMEN'S COATS, $29.50
Made of velour with far-trimmed collar and lined throughout,
showing the popular side fastening, in sizes
to fit women and misses..
L-I2&50
WOMEN'S AND SUSSES' COATS, AT $39.50
A collection that offers almost unlimited choice for selection.
Made of good quality velour with fur collar and cuffs, and
attractively embroidered.
Extra value..
$39.50
Victims of Home Bank of Canada
Should Get One Hundred
Oents on Dollar
T. UPHILL, M, L. A, SPEAKS
CANTON CREPE AFTERNOON DRESSES,
at $25.00
A dress that will add greatly to the completeness of the winter
wardrobe. A wide variety of becoming styles to choose from,
fashioned on long straight lines, and showing Bleated panels,
and embroidered.    Colors of navy _*_**[ AA
and black.   Price. «p_bd.UU
TRICOTINE DRESSES for $29.50
Many smart models to choose from. The material is of a very
fine quality trimmed with military braid or embroidery; colors
of brown, navy, putty, rust &OQ CA
and grey. op__Ve<iJ*J
Hudson's Bay Company
VANCOUVEB, B. 0.
Four Classes to Savo World
_To the public: "God's divine electric
power"—If any one knows the feeling
of being shocked by old lights or
Irons,   you   will   have  somo   Idea   of
H. Csrpandtlo, corresponding iecretary; 0.
Tether, financial secretary; J. Halliday,
branch srganlser.
NOTIOB  TO  CONTRACTORS
TENDERS will be received by the under'
signed up to G p.m. Wodnesday, November 21, for the erection and completion of •
two-room whin on Edmonds Street School
Building. Flam and specifications may be
seen at the offlco of tho architects, Messrs.
Bowman & Cullorno, 509 Richards Street,
Vancouver.
i A marked cheque of Ave per cont. of tender In favor of tho Board of School Trusteos
of Burnaby mnst accompany each tender.
Lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
yr.h.wood,
Secretary Beard of Bchool Trustees,
8080 KlngHway, Bnrnaby, B. 0.
Ood's divine electric power. Better
still, if you try man-made electric
troatment, you will feel the flow of
the soothing eelctrlcity into your
bodies. This haa no "divine life" in
it; and that is why it does not last
long enough to do us any good. Now
comes God's divine electric poWer, and
this Is what did the healing at the
Arena. I have had thp experience
from both man-made oelctrlc power
and God's divine electric power. They
both feel alike—only ono has no divine life and plays out quickly. It Is
God's electric power that opened my
ear .after being closed for forty-two
years. It happened whilo I was waiting for Dr. Price to come in. The
bible Ib true from cover to cover. I
had closed mine for 21 years, because
It never was preached right, This new
life has opened my eyes to the truth
of the bible. If the pnper will permit
me to put my experience In regard to
this healing, I will do so free of
charge. This is the only gospel to stop
the strikes and end wars; the blind
shall see; the dumb shall talk, and all
other diseases will be cured. I hear
are only four classes of business that
will save the world: The business men,
the labor people of any kind, thc doctors and nurses, and thc moving pictures. It will be done with this divine
electricity; and tho true words of God
shall bo taught through them.;
MRS. S. SPEAR.
1606 Eleventh avenue oast, Vancouver, B. C.     Phono, Fnirmont 84B-Y.
Canadian Bankers in Senate and
Oovernment Control Situ-
tion He Asserts
T\EPOSITORS who lost all their savings in the crash of the Home
Bank of Canada are planning to advocate a general boycott of Canadian
banks if they cannot get justice In
any other way, Thomas Uphill, labor
member for Pernio, warned the B.C.
legislature last week, when he delivered a scathing attack on the Canadian Bankers' association and the
Canadian banking system. Depositors ln the Home bank In Fernie, Mr.
Uphill said, were faced with poverty
and misery as a result of the bank's
failure. Apparantly the only way the
Fernle miners could keep their money
safely, he said, was to bury It in the
ground.
"You know nothing of the Home
Bank and care less!" Mr. Uphill declared defiantly, as he flayed "the pirates and bank robbers" responsible
for the Home bank's failure. The
governments of the country, he asserted, evidently had no faith in the
banking bystem, as they Insisted that
their desposits should have priority
rlghta over the deposits of individuals. "Shame on that bunch of robbers!" Mr. Uphill exclaimed, referring to the heads of the Home bank.
"If this bunch of pirates" went to
jail this would not help the ruined
depositors, he said. "What wo need
is one hundred cents on the dollar,
and is what we have a right to get."
Canadians, Mr. Uphill went on, had
alwaya been proud of the Canadian
banking system and had felt that it
was secure. But the failure of the
Home bank showed them that their
confidence was misplaced. It was
Impossible to rely on the published
figures of Canadian banks, he charged
"The Bankers' association knew of
the condition of the Home bank long
before It closed Its doors, but It steered
off any Investigation," he asserted
"The Canadian bankers in the senate
nnd tho govornment control thc situ
atlon. They know nothing and care
less  about  tho   ordinary  depositors.
Unloss lho Home bank depositor.:
received compensation for their de
posits, he stated, they would start a
general boycott of banks, nnd nsk the
public .generally to support the move.
Of Skilled Craftsmen—Decline of
Apprenticeship System-
Juvenile Labor
QUESTIONS BEFORE TBADES
Prime Minister Ignores Engineers
Bequest for an Hour of His
Valuable Time
[Labor Press Service]
]" ONDON, Nov. 9.—For several
months the Amalgamated Engineering union has been urging prime
minister Baldwin to accord Its executive an opportunity of laying before
the government Its views of the emi
gratlon of skilled craftsmen and other
aspects of the unemployment prob'
lem as lt concerns the engineering
trades. So far the A. E. U. has asked
in vain. Yet the minister of labor at
Coventry last week utters "a solemn
warning" about the danger of this
country being faced with a shortage of skilled tabor when trade revives. He talked of the training of
apprentices having being brought almost to a standstill during the war.
He has even discovered that Juvenile workers are entering industry at
the rate (normally) of 600.000 a year,
and that about one-fourth of them
would In the ordinary course of
things enter trades to become skilled
operatives. Those three questions—
tho emigration of skilled craftsmen
the decline of tho apprenticeship system, and thc congestion of the labor
market by Juvenilo workers have
been a constant preoccupation of the
trade unions. They have lost no opportunity of pressing thom upon thc
attention of ministers. Nothing hns
been done to give effect to thoir representations-, and the prime minister
himself ignores tho request nf tho A.
E. U. to afford them an hour of his
vnluahlo time.
Free Chiropractic Clinic
YOUR health should not be neglected   even   though  yon  cannot   afford to pay.
DR. GOROSH
Offers    yoa    conscientious,    thorough
health service tree.
Clinie daily, S to 10 t.m„ as wtll
as Monday and Thursday evening,
from 6 to 7:30.
•08-903 DOMINION BUILDINQ
807 Htsttati Bite* Waat
TeL Seymou 4371
ORIENTAL LSBUllll
[Labor Press Service]
London, Nov. 9.—Now that Oriental
countries are increasingly adopting
tho code of industrial legislation devised at Washington and Geneva, It
is an urgent matter, both for the welfare of Oriental workers and for our
own working classes with whom they
compete, to raise the level of Oriental
factory Inspection nearer our own.
The International Labor Conference,
now ln session at Geneva, will attempt to secure international agreement regarding methods of factory
inspections. Each member state
sends .four representatives—two for
tho government, one for the workers,
and one for the employers. Among
Its technical advisers Great Britain
Is sending, In addition, Miss Constance Smith, senior lady Inspector of
factories, home offlce, and Miss Margaret Bondfleld, chairman of the
general council of the Trndes Union
Congress.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Patronize Federatlonist advertisers.
Hand The Federatlonist to your
shopmate when you are through with
it.
BURNING STOMACH
Relieved in two minutes witfi
JO-TO
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|H All Drug Stores.
2001 Pnrker St. {Cor. Itenfrcw)
Phono Highland 446
—VOTE—
CHAS.
BOARDMAN
ALDEHMAN W.UU) 7
(llJiHtlngK TmvnslU')
A practical man who has your
Interests at heart. Heslricnt nnd
taxpayer in Vancouver for 35
yeoj-s.
Look For This Label
It is a Guarantee of Purity
Order Britannia from any Government Vendor PAGE FOUR
fifteenth year, no. 46 BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST vancouybb, B.a
FRIDAY November 16, lti'M
Let lis fit you out with
Your wearing apparel
OUB PRICES ABE BIGHT
Stanfield's Underwear, $3.50    8-tb. BlanketB, $6.00 pair.
Per suit Headlight Overalls—the best.
Heavy Pants, from $2,75 per    Rubber Boot|. for M wegr
-*,       ,_,„  ,,r   , t,   .    • Bell Boots. Dr. Reed's Cush-
Carss 100% Wool Pants, in ion Sole Boots.
grey; $6.50.
_     _ tt _* inn Working Boots. $4.50.
Tiger brand Underwear, 100 B. ' T
per cent, wool, $3.50 suit' Dayfoot's   Boots—All   solid
_„  ,.    _,. .   ,.„.,,,.    Leather and guaranteed:
Working Shirts, $1.25; khaki.   6 taoh * ? 7M
Working Shirts, grey, $1,25.    8 inch $11.50
Working Shirts, $1.25, black.    8 inch Leckie $10.00
W.B.Brummitt
18 and 20 OORDOVA STBEET WEBT   VANCOUVEB, B. O.
Branch: 412 HASTINOS STBEET WEST
A
Thousands of Unemployed Men
Misled Into Emigration
from Old Oountry
FULL VALUE FOR DUES
FAIR PROMISES IS THE LURE
10
New Zealand Body Will Have
Power to Take Possession
of Farm Produce
TO ELIMINATE MIDDLEMEN
Labor Party Supported Measure
Enthusiastically—Industrial Socialism
A RECENT Wellington, N. Z., despatch aays that the Dairy-Produce
Export Control act is the measure that
Is occupying the attention of a large
Election of the community at tho present time. It is cast on much the
same lines as the measure which constituted the meat board, providing for
the appointment of a controlling body
consisting of nine members elected by
the factory suppliers, two members
nominated by the government, and
one nominated by the exporters. This
body, In addition to administrative authority, will have power to take possession of nil or any part of the butter and cheetj'- outputs In store or on
shipboard, and to dispose of It in any
manner and at such prices as lt may
please. The bill was reintroduced In
the house just before Premier Mas-
sey's departure for the imperial conference in London, and was passed by
a large majority, with a proviso that
lt should be submitted to a ballot of
the factory suppliers before lt became
law. This ballot is now being conducted by mall, some 64,000 suppliers
having received voting papers. The
present indications are that the suppliers, by a substantial majority, will
endorse the provisions of the act, and
so bring the measure into immediate
operation. It is unlikely, however,
that the authority given to the board
to assume absolute control of the
whole or any part of the exportable
dairy produce of the Dominion will
ever be exercised. Similar authority
Is vested in the meat board, but no occasion has arisen for Ub enforcement.
The labor party, now a group of 18
in the house, supported the measure
enthusiastically, in the belief, as its
members said, that the passage of the
measure would mark a long step toward the goal of Industrial socialism,
for which it is striving. Butter and
cheese now constitute the chief exports of the dominion, and lt Is expected that during the season upon
which the country has just entered,
their value will amount to no less
tban £20,000,000.
Put a one-cent stamp on this paper
and mail it to a friend.
PETTIPIECE For Mayor
Candidate of the Federated
Labor Party.
Nominated by Labor Representation committee.
Endorsed by tbe Vancouver
Trades and Labor CouncU.
Second vice-president Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada.
President Vancouver Typographical Union.
ALD. PETTIPIECE has had
two years' experience ln the
City Council; has been associated with the local Labor movement for twenty-six years,
LABOR KNQWS PETTIPIECE
PETTIPIECE KNOWS LABOR
AND ITS REQUIREMENTS.
Poll Your Vote December 12th
HEADQUARTERS: 317 FENDER STREET WEST
»»»»»■»»»»»»»»»»»■» W»»W»
Ask for
a
1
"OLD ENGLISH"
Pale Ale
A full-bodied, fine flavored Ale
that will compare in quality with
any of the famous imported
ales, and at much less cost to the
consumer.
i
At all Government Vendors
This advertisement is not published or displayed by  *
the Liquor Control Board or by tbe Government of
Britiah Columbia.
famaet!*fi^*^^
_
Someone Has Blundered—What
Has High Commissioner for
Canada to Say?
TVTHO is responsible for the cruel
blunder of persuading thousands
of unemployed men to leave the security of the home country and go to
Canada for the harvest without adequate arrangements having been
made for their welfare? Beguiled
by fair promises of highly paid work
to be found in the golden west, many
of these men have sold aU their possessions to pay their passage money.
They were assured that 60,000 harvesters were required, and that experience In farm work was not essential. Immediately on arrival in Canada they discovered how inefficiently
the schemes for their settlement had
been carried out. Our mail bag ls fun
of personal complaints and newspaper cuttings containing accounts o»
the terrible plights in which these
emigrants find themselves. Let un
quote first of all from a letter from
the Rev. Frank H. King,: of Saskatchewan:
V 'For the last few weeks large
numbers of men from England and
Scotland have been arriving here, as
the English papers say,: 'to gather in
Canada's wonderful harvest.' The
harvest truly Is good, but not so extraordinary that Canadians from
down east cannot gather lt in. There
Is absolutely no need to import harvesters from the old land, especially
when it is considered that the work
is at most of eight weeks' duration.
When that is done,: what awaits tho
great majority of them? Unemployment ln a land of inconceivable cold.
No work, no home, foodstuffs not
cheap, suitable clothing .dear, and the
mercury. 30 to 50 degrees below zero!
Each year one may read advertisements from the town councils In
Western Canada such as 'Keep away
from  -! No relief will be granted
this winter to any but residents.'
Unemployment is- bad enough in dear
old England, but to be out of work In
this country without even a workhouse to get a meal at Is a dreadful
experience.'
"Tho position of these emigrants
would be bad enough if they were
able to secure harvesting work for a
month or two, but the Canadian
newspapers are full of evidence chat
hundreds have been stranded from
the moment of their arrival.
" 'We have been induced under
false pretences to come to Canada,
declared David Hendry,' of Jamestown, Dumbarton. 'The contract we
signed to get the benefit of the special fare stipulates we must do 30
days' work on farms In order to be
entitled to tho special rato back lo
England. We are here, willing to
work, but wo cannot fulfil tho corr-
tract because the farmers will not
give us the work.' Someone has blundered.
"What has tho high commissioner
for Canada to aay?:"—-John Buil.
Wages and Hours for Inexperienced Females in the Manufacturing Industry
The Minimum Wage Board of British Columbia has established the following minimum wage schedules for
inexperienced female employees;
effective November 20:
Schedule No 1, covering tea, coffee,
spices, etc.; drugs, photographs,
wooden boxes, etc., explosives, window
shades, etc., whether on time or
piece-rate basis, as follows:
First two months' employment, not
less than  $8 a week.
Second two months, $10 a week.
Third two months, $12 a week.
Thereafter, not less than $14 a
week.
Schedule No. 2, covering cotton
bugs, envelopes, overalls, shirts,
clothing trades, etc., tents, carpets,
bedding, factory-made millinery, etc.,
knitted goods, blankets, machine-
made cigars, chocolates, etc., whether
time-rate or piece-rate basis as
follows:
First four months, not less than $8
a week.
Second four months, not less than
$10 a week.
Third four months, not less than
f 12 a week.
Thereafter, $14 a week.
Schedule No. 3, covering bookbinding, printing, etc., dressmaking,
tailoring, paper boxes, jewellery, fui-f,
leather goods, shoes, hand-made
cigars, hand-made millinery, etc.,
whether tlmc-rato or piece-rate basis,
a.1 follows:
First six months, not less than $7 a
week.
Second six months, not less than $10
a week.
Third six months, not less than $13
a week.
Thereafter, $14 a week.
Foregoing does not apply to indentured apprentices.
No omployeo shall bo employed
moro than eight hours a day, nor
more than 48 hours a week.
Tlie Time of Trial
"Do you have to see a doctor he-
fore you get booze In this town?:"
"No, afterwards."—Harvard Lampoon.
A Few of Many Uses to Which Membera Fees nnd Assessments
Are Put
"The present public school system
was put Into effect through organized
labor," writes Charles H. DurHeld ln
the Amalgamated Journal, the official
organ of the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel WorkerB. "It
fought private schools until it corn*
polled the Btate to educate the child'
ren free. It was organized labor that
brought about the short workday. No
union workman would consider work'
Ing from dawn till dark as it was
years ago. We know very little of the
bitter struggles put up by union labor
for the sahitary conditions we all en-
joy in the mill, mine and factory of
today. They are the results of union
labor. In one state last year labor
succeeded In defeating bills relieving
the farmers from the provisions of the
workmen's compensation law, repealing the freo employment bureau law,
Increasing a state constabulary, compulsory labor, repealing the miners'
qualification law and the appointment
as police officers of persons selected
by railroads. Not so bad for one
state. These are a few of the many
uses to which dues and assessments
are put"
Trade Union Movement in Canada
Is Badly Split, Says
Frank Hodges
INTERNATIONALS ABE BEST
Dominion Labor Party Is Inevitable, But It Will Take a
Long Time to Grow
PRANK HODGES, secretary of the
Miners' Federation of Great Britain, is writing a series of articles on
the American labor ^novemeht. His
flrst article deals with conditions in
Canada. Mr. Hodges Is one of the outstanding men In the British labor
movement, and was fraternal delegate
from the British Trade Union congress
to the annual convention of the
Trades and Labor congress in Vancouver, and also attended the convention
of the American Fedoration of Labor
at Portland, Ore.' In speaking of Canada, he says: .   .
"There aro over 2500 labor unions
In Canada, having a membership of!
206,000. Of these less than 160,000
are affiliated to the Canadian Trades
and Labor congress. The interesting
feature of the Canadian trades and
labor movement lies in the fact that
a distinctly national trade union
movoment scarcely exists at all. Most
of the trade unions are "international"—that ls to say, American, with the
Canadian unions as districts of the
American brotherhoods,
Canada Sadly Split
"The trade union movement in Canada is sadly split. There ls a constant
warfare going on between the Nationals and Internationals, The Nationals
seem to be characterized by the spirit
of militant communism. The Internationals are tho steady, historical, American brotherhoods—which, to the
former, appear to be principally characterized by sheer reaction. The Catholics, however, in their unions,
watch and wait and grow as the split
between tho others widens.
"Undoubtedly American trade
unionism sets the standards of wages
and conditions for the whole of the
American continent. The International capitalists find that the relationship
between Canadian labor and American labor ls embarrassing when they
desire to attack the labor conditions
in one or the other of these countries.
Internationals Soundest
'My own view !s that the International brotherhoods are the soundest
defence possible for the workers of
both Canada and the States in the
Hconomic field.
"On no account, however, should
there be nny tendency on the part of
tho internationals to prescribe or limit
the activities of Canadian nationals in
the exercise of their full sovereign
rights In determining the political destiny of their own country,
"Aa labor party in Canada ls Inevitable, but It will take a long time
to grow. The political spirit of labor
is where it was in Great Britain fifty
yoars ago.
T do not think, however, that It
will take fifty years for It to assumo
ut leaBt some of the best characteristics of the British labor political movement."
FOUR-HOUR DM IN
Edison Supports the Late Charles
Steinmetz in Prediction of
Shorter Work Day
Another electrical expert, Thomas
A, Edison, has indorsed the opinion
of Dr. Charles A. Stelnmetz that
electrical power applied to Industry
will reduce the average work day to
four hours some time in the future.
Following a luncheon given in his
honor at New York, Edison said:
"The tlrAe will come when full
automatic machinery will be so largely Introduced that production will not
require <\ man's working more than
four hours a day. Some hold that
may not be a good thing; idleness is
rather objectionable to the average
man. But from the standpoint of the
old man it will be a good thing, because then old men need never work.
The young men can work and support the family."
Patronize Federationist advertisers.
Head of Arbitration Court in New
Zealand Breaks the Traditional Silence
FEWER  STRIKES  OUTCOME
Says Collective Bargaining Has
Come to Stay and Is a
Oood Thing
A RECENT Auckland, N. Z„ dispatch states thai .rhe judges of
New Zealand maintain the British
tradition of silence when they are off
the bench, so an address by one of
them on a public question Is an un*
usual occurrence. The president ot
the arbitration court, Mr. Justice
Frazer, made some notable remarks
before the Auckland chamber or
commerce on the working of the system of which he Is the head.
Compulsory Arbitration
After sketching the evils that the
industrial system had introduced Into
the relations between masters and
men, he said* that the Idea of compulsory arbitration sprang from the
maritime strike of 1800, and the system then introduced had stood the
test for nearly 80 yearB without undergoing any vital change. One of
the objections raised against it was
that it invaded the sacred British
right of freedom of contract. It did
so, but that same right had been Invaded by British law over and over
again. It had also beon contended
that the right of property was Interfered with, but the law Interfered
with this freedom all the time.
Another complaint was that it
took away the right to strike. A
union, however, had the right to
strike, provided this was Its only
weapon. If the state provided It with
an effective substitute, the union had
no cause for complaint. The justification for the New Zealand system of
arbitration wub tho old Roman
maxim that the well-being of the
public was the ovei-ruling law. It
had been declared that the court
would increase the number of disputes by creating the machinery for
them. As a matter or fact, it had almost altogether got rid of the strike
by the court being able to take hold
of a dispute before angry feelings
could causo a strike or a lockout.
New Zealamlers Support Court
Mr, Justice Frazer was particularly
interesting In his references to the
work of the court during the last
threo years, when the fall in prices
has forced wages downward, This
has been the first experience of the
kind the court has had in its history;
until the depression from wliich the
country is now suffering set in, prosperity steadily increased and wages
rose. He said'that in this "most
serious period" there had never been
a suggestion that the. system should
be abolished. This is not quite correct Apart from those elements in
labor which consistently oppose the
court, the idea that the system should
be done away with waB seriously discussed by farmers. It ls true, however, to say that the Idea never made
serious headway. The vast majority
of the people in New Zealand support
the court. According to the president of the court that country has
experienced far fewer strikes and
serious disputes in proportion to its
industries and population than any
other part of the world. He added
that COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
HAD   COME TO  STAY, AND THAT
MUSICIANS'
UNION LABEL
J-W
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CAJNAHA. nnd U. S. A,
1 Union M_-__iansR_ployed Exclusively i
mm~*i^&g£!ggm
THE   FOLLOWING   PLACES   MS-
PLAY ABOVE CARD:
Cotillion Hull, Dominion Hall, Holly-
bnrn Danco Pavilion, Laurel Court,
Luster Court, Lodge Cafe, Moose Hall,
O'liilen's Hall, Orpheum Oafe, Willow
Hnll.
LEND YOUR PATRONAGE TO THE
MUSICIANS' LABEL.
After-Eating   Distress
And .11 form, of stomaoh trouble, snch H
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OOMPLETE WITH
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EXAMINATIONS
Glasses not presorlbed unless ab*
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made by graduate Eyesight Special*
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Wc grind onr own lsntea. Lenses
duplicated by null.
PITMAN
Optical House
(Formerly Brown Optical House)
Bc  sure  of   the   address—-Above
Woolworth's Store, near ,
Oranvlll*1.       ■
Suit* SO, *t**_J8g_*g!!mm
81B HASTINGS STEEET WEST
gjgttj tty. ion
DOLLAR   DAY
SPECIAL
REDUCTIONS
-IN-
OVERCOATS
$21.51)   $13.65    $27.(5    $29.35
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
LIMITED
IT WAS   A   GOOD   THING  IN ITSELF.
Labor in Britain
An Interested member of the audience to whom the president spoke
was J. Wlgnall, a labor parliamentarian from England, who had come
to New Zealand as a member of the
British Overseas Settlement delegation. Labor ln Britain, like labor In
America, does not like the Idea of
compulsory arbitration. The root objection to It has been as Mr. Wlgnall
said, after listening to Mr, Justice
Fraaer's speech,: that it robs the
worker of the right to strike. This Is
an exaggeration; what lt does Is w
deny the right to workers who have
chosen to come under tho court's
jurisdiction.
Mr. Wlgnall said that he had seen
the New Zealand court at work and
had beon much Impressed by th|
"care, patience and desire to get i
the facts" displayed by' the membertfl
He thought that the system woul|
benefit all concerned In Britain,
they could only get rid of the idel
that they were to be controlled by f
judge." He feared, however, that tn
change to compulsory arbltratlo]
would be too much of a shock at 1
present time.
Always look up The Fed. advertlseq
before making purchases.
Vanoouver Municipal Elections
H.E. ALMOND
SOLICITS YOUR SUPPORT
IN WARD 2
Why buy an inferior product when you obtain
BEST at the same price?
COAL
WE EMPLOY WHITE LABOR-THINK IT OVER
PHONE SEYMOUR 2888
Fresh Cut Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Sundries
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
FLORISTS AND NURSERYMEN
48 Hastings Street East        2—STORES—2        (155 OranviUe Street
Sey. 988-0-2 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Sey. -513-1391
^TOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,'
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed,
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or I
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.]
346 Hastings Street East Sey. 2399
Canadian National Railways
FIRST TRAIN from Winnipeg, Dec. C, 1923, direct to ship's slde.l
Halifax, for sailing of S.S. "Ausonla" Dec. 9 to Queenstown, Liverpool |
S.S. "Doric" December 9 to BelfaBt, Liverpool.
SECOND TRAIN from Winnipeg:, Dec. 11, 1923, direct to ship's side]
Halifax, for sailing of S.S. "Pittsburg" Dec. 14 to Southampton, Cherf
bourg, Bremen;  S.S, "Canada" Dec. IB to Glasgow, Liverpool.
THROUGH TOURIST SLEEPING CARS FROM VANCOUVER
DECEMBER 3rd and DECEMBER 8th
9.50 P.M.    CONTINENTAL LIMITED    9.50 P.M.
SAtLINGS FOR ALL STEAMSHIP
LINES ARE NOW AVAILABLE
Full details from
TOURIST AND TRAVEL BUREAU, 527 GRANVILLE STREET
CANADIAN NATIONAL RAILWAYS

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