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British Columbia Federationist Aug 24, 1923

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Official Organ Vancouver Trades and Labor Council (International)       ^.^pouTicALUNiTY: victory
$2.60 PER YEAR
. is
Accused of Misrepresentation as to Conditions
In Canada
Trades and Labor Council to
Send Correct Facts to
Great Britain
The rogular meeting of the Vanoouver Trades and Labor Counoll. held
on Tuesday, was a short one. owing
to the fact that a great deal of business had been done at the special
meeting held the previous week.
Matters pertaining to the working
conditions at the exhibition grounds
were given a ventilation, and lf Aid.
Pettipiece has his way at the next City
Council meeting, the management
of the exhibition will have to explain
how It ls that carpenters are being
paid 50 cents per hour, and unlicensed
plumbers allowed to work there, and
receiving a wage of $4.60 per day.
The Street and Electric Railway
mployeea reported on the relations
existing between the company and
their employees, explaining that' after
short session had been held between
the management and the representatives of the men, and it was found
that the company would not grant
any increase, but rather decided to
favor a reduction, the men were
asked to apply for a board of conciliation, and finally voted to open the
It was also pointed out that the
men had not received great consideration from tho last board, and as a
esult, the executive had asked authority to call a strike lf the demands
made was not conceded.
To Go to A. F. of L.
Delegate Pettipiece was elected to
attend the American Federation of
Labor convention, to be held In Portland In October.
A communication from the Nova
Scotia Strikers' Defence^ committee,
asking "for flnanclal aid, was received,
and the sum of $10 was donated, and
'each local Is to be asked to aid.
Mrs. Smith Under Fire
The action of Mrs. Ralph Smith, M.
A., a representative of the government of Canada, touring Great Britain, was severely criticized, Delegate
Pettipiece taking the stand that she
was misrepresenting conditions ln this
country, and pointed out that already
immigrants are having to be fed. He
suggested that clippings be sent to
the British papers, and that a letter
be sent to Arthur Henderson, leader
of the Labor Party, calling his attention to the facts of the case. His
suggestion was adopted, after Delegate Rankin had stated that the Salvation Anmy wm getting a subsidy for
bringing immigrants, and that organization wm making a profit out of lt.
Secretary Bengough was elected to
ttend an Asiatic committee meeting,
which is to be held In the city on the
The Palntera reported that their
Ionic had been a success, and that
rade is none too good.
Delegate Dunn, of the Carpenters,
as elected chairman of the Building
Trades committee, and it Is the In-
:entlon to reorganize this branch of
he council's work.
Delegate Herrett announced that a
ance would be held on the night of
he 10th of September, the opening
lay of the Trades Congress conven-
ion. Delegate Smylie stated that the
onventlon committee would meet on
ifonday, the 27th, and urged all dele-
ates to be present. The council ad-
aurned at 9:25 p.m.
Engineers   Would    Bring
AH  Workers
Local 844, of the Steam and Oper-
ttlng Engineer-, Is atlll making head-
    applications   tor    membership
lomlng In from different parts, and
old membera staying with the local
doing gpod work on the Jobs.
The   International   president   and
iecretary will visit the local on Sept.
and a large moeting is expected,
the members of the Victoria local
.ve been Invited to attend.
One of the special efforts of the
   organization,  is to secure  cooperation between the various building
rades unions, and the efforts being
ade are meeting with good success.
While trade Is not very brisk, there
but  few  members  unemployed,
there Is no need for more men at
present time.
ind '
put I
Hartford.—Organised carpenters,
lalntera, plumbers and steam flttters
aave secured wage increases.
Will Give An Explanation
of Three Workers
The taotlcs and -policy of the Communist Party In every country ls determined by an organisation of delegates from every Communist Party,
that assembles at Moscow, It Is called the Third International, because
It Is the successor of two other inter-
The First International was a proletarian organization, but it wu composed of groups, Anarchists, Syndicalists, Socialists, etc., who could not
unite. This dissolved after the Franco-Prussian war.
The Second International wm at
Amsterdam. It was composed of Social Democratic parties and Socialists,
supposedly representing working' class
intertsts, but really more of a national
chauvinist or Social Patriot tinge,
consequently at the outbreak of the
war of 1914-1918, it collapsed as completely an the walls of Jericho.
The third or Moscow International
is an organisation of delegates drawn
from the Communist parties of every
nation, and represents the genuine intertsts of the world proletarian, and
the most scientific expression of the
world revolutionary movement.
Every revolutionary worker should
attend the propaganda meeting on
Sunday at 8 p.m., in the W. P. Hall,
303% Pender Street West, (corner of
Pender and Hamilton Streets), when
Comrade Bennett will speak on the
Three Internationals, after which
there wtll be the usual questions and
Hand your neighbor this copy of
The Federatlonist, and then call
around next day {or a subscription.
Huge Wealth Piled Up by
John D. Pays
The transfer tax report on the estate of William Rockefeller, brother
of the famous J. D., shows a gross
estate of $102,584,438, and a net estate of $67,649,660. It will be seen,
therefore, that the Rockefellers, despite their constant howls about poverty, are not in danger of "coffee 'ans"
for some time to come.
Rockefeller, who died last year, owned securities worth $73,009,108. His
Standard Oil holdings totalled well
over $8,000,000, whilst he had large
sums invested in the Guaranty Trust
Co., Anaconda Copper Co., New York
Central, New York, Ontario and Western and other railroads; coal, steel,
glass, land and power companies of
all kinds. His Canadian holdings
we're as follows:
3000 shares In Montreal Industrial
Land Co.
3000 shares in Montreal Public Ser.
vice Corp.
400 shares In Montreal Tramways
2500 shares In- Nova Scotia Tramways and Power Co. (pfd).
3800 shares ln Nova Scotia Tramways and Power Co. (Common.)
With 16,480 shareB in the powerful
National City Bank of New York, he
was one of the leading figures in American Imperialism, whilst his millions of dollars worth of bonds invested in New York made the New
England States safe for the Rockefellers, f
He Is dead, nnd he leaves behind
him an income to his family to which
the workers engaged in fifty-five corporation ln the United States and
Canada will add their share.
Pa-inters Hold Picnic
One of the most successful and enjoyable picnics of the season was held
on Saturday at Belcarra Park by
Lodge 138, Vancouver Painters and
Decorators, More than 350 persons
attended this outing, the first held by
the lodge in twenty years.
In the programme of sports, which
Included forty-three events, and for
which many useful and valuable
prizes were awarded, William Hunt
Jr, won the Junior boxing contest, defeating Robert Halford. In the exhibition boxing match Jack Denney defeated J. Halford Jr. The tug-of-war
was won by the team captained by
Robert Stevenson, Jack Denney Sr.
lending the unsuccessful team.
New York.—The Studebaker corporation, auto manufacturers, announce a profit of $7,200,202 during
the past three months after all expenses and taxes are paid. TheGen-
eral motors company reports a six-
months' profit of $41,585,600, after
all charges.
London, Ont.—Organized stereotypers employed on local newspapers
have raised wages $4 a week.
Put a one-cent stamp on this paper
and mail it to a friend.
Bitter Feeling Now Exists,
and a Strike May
C.  Electric  Endeavors
to Prejudice the
The Street Rallwaymen's situation,
affecting -the employees of the B. C.
Electrio Railway Company, is to be
placed before an conciliation board,
under the Industrial Disputes Aot,
ahd it may be that before these words
appear in print, that the' hearing will
have commenced; as the chairman has
been chosen by the goven ment, his
name being A. M. Pound. The other
members of the board are: R. P. Pettlplece, representing the men, and A.
S. McCandless the company.
The tactics of the company are,
however, creating a bitter feeling between the men and the company, for
efforts have been made to prejudice
the men's case for an increase in
wages, by the company, who haB sent
a lengthy statement to the government,
and requested that this statements be
in the handes of the chairman and
members of the board when the appointments are made.
In the statement referred to, the
company says: "In referring to an
interview held at the time the opening of the expiring agreement was
mooted." The interview was only of
a few minutes' duration, the company having had no previous knowledge of the matter to be discussed,"
This statement is not, however, correct, as the men's representatives, in
making the appointment for the interview referred to, gave their reasons.
The company then goes on to say:
"During the next thirty days, the men
did not further approach the company
to submit arguments and facts supporting their application ofr Increased
Not Consistent
This position is hardly consistent
with the attitude of the representatives of the company, when in the Interview, the men's representatives
were informed very firmly, that to
discuss the matter was merely a waste
of time, and the men were given no
opening to place their views before
their employers' representatives.
In a further statement to the deputy minister of Labor, Mr. Kidd, the
signatory to the document referred to
says: "The oompany has already intimated to the men that a reduction
rather than an increase Is justified at
the present time, and on this ground
the company would reserve to Itself
the right to make Its claim before the
conciliation board for sueh wages as
may be justified by the figures, even
though this might mean a reduction.
"The company also objects to a
number of the working conditions ln
the agreement, and it reserves to itself the right to ask for the decision
of the Board of Conciliation In regard
to such working conditions."
Possibly with., the idea that the
Street Railway Men are not capable
of understanding the conditions and
wages and hours which they receive
when at work, the company has sent
out a letter to all their employees,
giving the company's reasons why
wages should be reduced rather than
(Continued on page 3)
Big Capitalists Are Reputed
Leaders of Boy Scout
Baden Powell, the chief scout of the
Boy Scouts, tells ub that:
' "We flnd ourselves with many enemies round us ln Europe who want
to get hold of our trade in our great
manufacturing towns, and of our vast
farm lands in our dominions. If a
strong enemy warfcs our rich commerce and dominions, and sees us ln
Britain divided against each other, he
will pounce tn and capture us. Be
prepared to die for your country if
need be.; so that when the moment
arrives, you may charge home with
confidence not caring whether you are
going to be killed or not."—(Scouting
for Boys).
Leaders of the Boy Scouts are such
capitalists as: Lord A hereon way, Lord
Dewar (brewer), Col. Grant Morden,
(Federation of British Industries);
Oeneral Sir Arthur Currle, (Bank of
Montreal); Sir A. M. Nanton, (banker), and Sir Hugh Montagu Allan,
Oakland.—Machinists employed by
the Scandla-Paclflc gas engine company are on strike to enforce a higher wage scale.
PEOTO of fnUrtrmed suldler tnd
barb wire entanglements at Reserve MineB, Cape Breton, daring
the mlnen'  strike.
Local Committee Will Aid
Nova Scotia Strikers'
The chairman of the local branch
of the Nova Scotia Strikers Defense
committee wired recently to the head
office at Glace Bay, asking for Information regarding the work of the organization. He received the following reply:
August 13, 1923.
J. Halliday, 81 Cordova Street West,
Vancouver, B. C.
Dear Brother: Your telegram asking for information regarding tho
above organization received. We are
trying to raise sufflclent funds to defend about a hundred workers, who
were arrested here during the recent
strikes. The charges against them
range from sedition down to intimidation. The usual charges that workers are~ well acquainted with.
The committee here is the central
body for defense work for both the
steel workers and the miners. We
have appealed to the trades councils
throughout the country to set up committees, consisting of delegates from
the local unions and the working
class political parties to co-operate
with us ln the collection of funds.
We have circularized all local unions
with an appeal for donations. We
suggest that your committee flrit of
all, visit all the local unions for donations. After that a general appeal
should be made, ln which the subscription blanks that we ore sending
you could be used. Picnics and entertainments of all kinds would help
in the work of getting money.
In the near future, we expect to
send a speaker throughout the country to explain the strikes that occurred here, and to appeal for funds.
This will aid you in your campaign.
We are very glad to hear that the
organized workers of Vancouver have
taken action In setting up a committee to co-operate with us tjn thts
work. The miners here did a lot for
the workers of the West ln 1919, and
the Western workers are showing that
they have not forgotten that by helping the miners here in their time of
need.   Fraternally yours,
Many local unions have contributed to the fund being raised in Vancouver, the latest helng the Civic
Employees, $50, and the Vancouver
Local of the I. W. W., which organization has been holding street
meetings,' have collected to date,
$27.13. The local committee ls making an appeal to the workers, nnd
funds can be sent to 61 Cordova St.
Why Let Georgo Do It
If you do not attend your union
meetings and the other fellow does,
why kick. Ho Is doing the best he
can. Why complnln because George
does lt.    Why not do it yourself?
August 24 in August HI
FRIDAY, Aug. 24—Plumbers
and Steamfltters. Label Committee.
SUNDAY, Aug. 26 — Typographical Union.
MONDAY, Aug. 27—U. B. Carpenters and Joiners, No. 452,
Structural Iron Workers,
Electrical Workers, No. 310.
TUESDAY, Aug. 28~Barbern,
Machinists, No. 692, Blacksmiths.
THUKSDAY, Aug. 30—Steam &
Operating Engineers, No. 844.
Halifax   Board of Trade
Sends Resolution to
Other Employers Organizations Have Received
Calgary Board of Trade Ib In receipt of a resolution from the Halifax
Board urging that steps be taken to
reduce the salaries and wages of railway employees to a level with the
wagea paid In other undertakings in
Canada, and to a point within the
means of the public to pay.
Before formally presenting the resolution, the Halifax Board of Trade
considered that it would be better to
let the leading boards of trade
throughout Canada have an opportunity of discussing it.
The following Is the resolution as It
appeared In the Calgary Albertan:
"Resolution re Canada's Railways,
submitted by council of Halifax Board
of Trade, July 31, 1923:
"Whereas, it is stated that various
railway labor organizations are about
to demand an Increase of pay from the
railways of Canada; and
"Whereas, in Canada in the year
1916, 140,158 railway employees handled 109,659,099 tons of freight and
received $100,862,391 in wages, while
the public paid freight charges of
$184,236,331;  and
"Whereas, the wages of railway employeea in Canada and the conditions
of labor have followed the wages and
conditions established ln the United
States by the McAdoo and Chicago
awards, and
"Whereas, the United States has
about the same area as Canada with a
population more thato 12 times as
great, and the wealth of the producing
classes is much greater per capita than
the corresponding classes in Canada;
"Whereas, in the last analysis the
burden of sustaining the transportation system of a country falls upon
the porducing classes who are not at
the same time the largest consumers;
"Whereas, the progress and development of our country Is bound up
with the efficiency and cheapness of
our transportation system; and
"Whereas, the wages of the employees of the railways of Canada, following the wages of the employees of
the United States, have increased
more than $107,000,000 in six years,
while the public were compelled to
pay in 1922 nearly $100,000,000 m'ore
for transporting over 7,000,000 tons
less freight than in 1916.
"Therefore, resolved that the Halifax Board of Trade viewing with alarm
the tremendous burdens imposed upon
the public by high freight rates' and
the great deficits of the transportation system urges:
Urges Salary Reductions
"1. That all possible reductions be
made in the staffs of the railways of
Canada compatible with the efficient
operation of the same.
"2. That steps be taken to reduce
the salaries and wages of railway employees both executive and operative
to a level with the salaries and wages
paid in other undertakings in Canada,
and to a point within the means of
the public to pay.
(Continued on page 4)
"Investors" Make Big Profits While Workers
Whilst the railroad kings are demanding reductions ln wages so thnt
"they can competo in the markets of
the world," we flnd thu Magazine of
Wall Street telling the Investors that;
"The carriers have hung up a record for earnings that hns never been
equalled In this country, Even roads
In receivership and near receivership
have profited. For example, the
Chicago and Alton, n road ln receivership, based on the first five months,
would enrn during the yenr, $2.50 a
share, an amount In excess of the
current value of the common stocks.
Other roads have benefited proportionately, so that In many cases, companies are earning 50, 60 and 70 per
cent, on the current mnrkct prices of
their Junior Htocks."
Thanks to the slashes In wages delivered to the railroad workers last
year, the railroad kings nre earning
grenter dividends thnn ever before,
New Orleans.—Organized cat-pent
ers in this city aro winning iholr
strike for Improved conditions. They
nre being resisted by thc goneral contractors' assoclstlon.
Situation   in   Italy  Goes
Through Another
In the beginning the Fascista assaults upon the progressive unions,
had the complete backing of the employing classes. In many instances,
Fascista companies were openly Jn
the pay of manufacturers and landowners, Under the joint attack, one
union after another succumbed.
Then the strange thing happened.
The "red" unions having been replaced by "blaok shirt" unions, the employers began to evince a desire to do
away with the new brand too. They
began to hire unorganised men, and to
cut wages. By sheer force of economic need, the black unions began to
go on atrlke, in some instances, Imbued with the terror Ideas of the Fascist!, taking an even more militant
Now strikes are dally occurrence*.
Forty thousand building trades workers recently went on strike in Rome,
despite the opposition of Mussolini,
and remained out despite the arrest
of hundreds of them.
In Turin, the bakers, falling to win
a fight for certain demands, Joined
Fascisti unions deliberately, and together forced those concessions upon
the employers. Cases have also occurred in which Fascisti have occupied factories In the course of wage
disputes. Considering that the Fascista movement started as a protest
against such occupation, the phenomenon is truly remarkable.
The grand council of the Fascista
had declared, under stress of circumstances, that the strike was a legitimate weapon for Fascista unions, in
"exceptional cases."
Workers Wages Have Been
Reduced During Past
Ten Years
If you get a wage of $100 a month
In 1913, and neither more nor less
since that time, this is what you have
been really earning per month; 1913,
$100; 1917, $56; 1920, $44; 1022, $67.
Present, $63.
During the paBt ten years, your
wage has gone down, in value, from
$100 to $63. For instance, a suit of
olothes, which you could have bought
for $30 or $40 ln 1913, ls now costing
you $60 to $90.
We quote the evidence of Prof. Irving Fisher before the special committee on banking:
"Let us take a servant girl who put
$100 in the savings bank In 1896, and
allowed It to accumulate at compound
Interest at 4 per cont. When a couple
of years ago she went into the bank
teller and said she would like to have
her money out, sho found that Instead of $100 which she had put in
there, tt had grown to $250. But
when she turns to spend that $260, she
finds that she can not get as much
for it as she could have with $100 In
1896. She had been swindled out of
all her Interest and some of her principal into the bargain."
The worker Is like Alice In the
looking gloss, wh ohnd to run vory fast
In ordor to stand still.
Brick layers Picnic.
Bricklayers nnd Masons Local No. 1
is holding a picnic at Belcarra Park,
up the North Arm, on Saturday.
Boats leave the foot of Gore Avenue
at 10 a.m. nnd 2 p.m., returning at 5
p.m., 7:30 p.m. and !>:30 p.m. Adults'
tickets nre $1.00 each, while children
will he charged nothing. Tickets run
he secured from Secretary Dagnall at
tho Labor Hnll, or nt his residence,
1244—20th Avo. East. Phono Fairmont 845R.
Tho grcatcKt asslstanco that tho
renders of The FodcratlonlBt can render us at this time, Is by securing a
now subscriber. By doing bo yon
spread tho news of tlio working clans
movement snd assist ub.
London.—British builders henceforth «lll work 44 hours a week In
the winter nnd !•'_ hours In the four
summer months. This arrangement
is according to the decision of a,n arbitrator to whom the quostion of
working hours was referred it fow
months ngo, when a strike of building operatives wus threatened.
Heretofore the hours of work hnve
been 41Vj a week In the winter nnd
44  ln the summer.
Logan, W. Va.--Harold W. Hous
ton, chief counsol of West Virginia
mine workers, fears the brand of
"Justice" Logan county Is noted for.
The attorney hns been Indicted in
connection with other miners, and he
is resisting being tried tn this county,
becauso of lis control by conl owners
and their gun mon.
September Issue of Soviet
Russia Is Explained
Revival of Trade in U, S. A.
Depends   on
Recognition of Soviet Russia is a
question of great Importance to the
workers of this country, and It Is necessary for them to understand just
how this issuo affects them.
Senator Brookhart ot Iowa, returning from a trip through Russia, said:
"The Soviet government is the most
stable government ln the world next
to the United States." Other man,
high In the political life of thts country, bishops and educators, all tell the
same story, and all are in favor of the
recognition of Soviet Russia-
Secretary of State Hughee, in agreement with Gompers, says that Russia
can not be recognized as it is still adhering to Its programme of revolution
and destruction of Institutions of democracy in the U(nited States and
other countries.
The September issue of Soviet Russia Pictorial will be devoted to the
answering of Mr, HugheB by those
who have been in Buasia, and who
understands the need of recognition
for the American worker. Industrial
depression is once again raising its
head, and the fact that the industrial
output of the United States has fallen
off 30 per cent, since 1921, should
awaken the workerB to the need of
trading with Russia. Every voice
should be raised In protest against the
selfish and narrow attitude of Hughes.
Every reader of this paper should
get a bundle of theBe magazines, and
sell them In their unions or to their
friends. Recognition of Soviet Russia
should be the slogan of the workers,
nnd the challenge to Mr. Hughes.
Rates are 15c eaoh for bundles less
than 100, and 13c each for those of
100 or more. Soviet Russia Pictorial,
room 31, 201 West 13th St., New
York, N, Y.
Tho  Glided  Chamber
Thc "glided chamber of the Senate" represents capitalism and defends capitalism at every opportunity.
Sitting In that House are senators,
who are classified as follows:
Thirty-four directors of corporations, banks, etc., 21 lawyers, 13 merchants, 10 farmers, agents, etc, 7
It wtll be seen, at a glance, that the
senators of Canada are "dlehards" of
capitalism; the leaders of a social
system which crushes the wealth producers Into poverty.
London.—A   Central   News   despatch
from Berlin todny says:
"reports to hand from all parts of
Oermany today show that unrest
among the workers Is Increasing
alarmingly, so much so that In political circles fears arc not concealed
that a revolution may break out as
suddenly ns thnt In November, 1918,
Cork.—Business is practically at a
standstill here following the lightning
strike of 11,000 transport workers,
clerks and salesmen, when employers
announced Intentions of reducing
Two hundred shops in all are
dosed and 1000 pickets are posted
throughout the city.
Food shortage already has begun
to be felt.
Alberta Miners Cannot Get
Jobs in the Coal
Cnlgary, Aug. 21.—Three thousand
miners In District 18 Unltod Mine
Workors of America are completely
tit of work, nnd in the other part*
of the district the mines uro running
only on half time, according to district union officials.
Much of the unemployment Is in
tho fields that customarily supply
tho C.N.R. with stcntn coal, while the
slackening In the demand for domestic   coal   has   laid   off   approximately
1500 men ln the Drumheller valley.
Including the towns of Drumheller,
Wayne  anil   Hosedale.
het roll.—Wages or platform men
employed by the Detroit united railways have boen Increased 6 cents an
hour. The company have signed an
agreement with the union. Tho company operates suburtmn tines and In
near-by cities. The Detroit municipal Btreet cur system was formerly
owned by (he D. U. R. ■
yeab.   No. 3. BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST Vancouver, b. c.
FRIDAY Auguat   24,  1923fl
BBITISH COLUMBIA ,_____ll._l.l
Published every Friday morning by The B. C. Federatloniat
Business Office:   1128 Howe Street
Editorial  Offlce:    Room   306—319   Pender  street  West
Editorial Board:  P. R. Bengough, R. H. Neelanda, J. M.
Clark, George Bartley.
Subscription Rate: United States and Foreign, 13.00 per
year; Canada, 1,2.60 per year, 31.60 (or alx months; to
Unions subscribing ln a body, 16c per.member per
Unity ol Labor: The Hope ol the World
FRIDAY „ -. August   24,  1923
United Front Between Farmers and
Industrial Workers
TT IS oaly a. short time beforc the Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada convention will assemble in Vancouver. At that gathering there will be
hundreds of industrial workers attempting to, with
the knowledge and intelligence that they have,
solve thc problems of the workers.
All industrial gatherings of workers as a rule,
confine themselves to the discussion on the problems
which affect the city proletariat. They fail to realize that when the farmer fills the granaries, his
position becomes worse, as stated in an article published recently in The Federationist, the grain-
grower of the Northwest expects to bc ruined by
the aid of his own work and the natural forces
which he harnesses.
The worker of the mill, mine and smelter produces all that is necessary for his own needs, with
the exception of many food stuffs. The farmer produces all thc food he needs but not thc means of
producing it. This condition shows that there are
two factors in production, who while working in
different branches of industry, depend on one
another, and yet they fail to realize the fact that
with a united front, they could supply all the needs
of humanity.
Canadian farmers arc far from proseprity, while
the industrial worker does not know when he will
get his noxt job if out of work, or how to make ends
meet even when working. The delegates to the
Trades Congress convention might well give this
matter some thought, and for once outline a policy
whereby the farmers and the industrial workers of
this country can be brought together a little closer
for the day when they will take possession of the
earth and the fulness thereof.
Immigration and the Coming Winter
fXS JULY 9th, in a British capitalistic sheet, there
appeared a "news" item to the effect that ten
thousand men were needed in Canada. These ten
thousand bunches of human energy we're to bc skilled farm laborers. Thc story, as published in full,
reads as follows:
("News of the World" Special)
Ten thousand competent farm laborers are
wanted immediately in Canada to deal with the
bumper harvest, which, it is estimated, will exceed all records by 100 million bushels of wheat.
The pay is $4 per day—-about 17s —and board
and lodging. So urgent is the call for men that
the Canadian Pacific Bailway have reduced the
passage money between England nt— Winnipeg
from £23 to £12. No passport formalities are
required, and there are no age restrictions provided thc emigrant is a competent farm worker
and in good health. On arrival each man will
be required to sign a contraot to work for 30
days at harvesting. At the end of the harvest,
suitable work will bc found for those men in thc
lumber country during tho winter months. The
journey takes about 14 days from Liverpool to
thc actual scene of activities. Men going out
should take good boots and plenty of warm
clothing so that they will bc prepared to face
thc winter, which sets in suddenly during October. It is useless for "unemployed" to contemplate going out, as the farmers have no time to
teach the men, and only require those who understand harvesting work. Mueh activity prevailed at the London headquarters of the Canadian Pacific Railway yesterday at Charing
Cross, where thc Colonization and Development
Department arc dealing with all applications.
The demand came suddenly, and the company
officials have risen to thc occasion. Special,
boats have been chartered to take the emigrants
overseas at once. All who go should have at
least £8 in thcir pockets on landing in order
to defray thc cost of meals and other incidentals while on thc train journey; as the ocean
fare only includes meals served on board ship.
One imperative condition is that all emigrants
agree to bc re-vaccinated.
»        *       »
On August 22, there appeared in the Canadian
press, items to the effect that "HARVESTERS
also announced that Ottawa would aid them in securing work, while at the same time it was announced that thore wero in the Alberta coal fields 3000
miners out of work, and the Mayor of Vancouver
had made the statement that there would be no relief in this eity next winter, and that vagrants—in
other words, men without work—would not be tolerated here.
It s*. st
We would ask the authorities what they will do
with thc men without work next winter, when they
are being brought into the country by the thousand?
Will they be sent to the incinerator and destroyed,
or left to die in the waste places. Verily, this
civilization of ours is a glorious thing. Thousands
of men are advertised for—they are unable to find
work, and then we are informed that they mil not
be tolerated here. The faet of the matter is, no
slave was ever tolerated by his master. He has always been exploited. But the chattel slave and the
feudal serf were at least fed, but the idle slave in
Canada can expect to find himself a corner in which
to lay down and die. That is, if he has not the courage and the desire to live—rtot as a slave, but as a
man knowing no master and fearing nothing but
the elements.
Sam Gompers and the European
PRESIDENT GOMPERS of tlie American B'edera-
tion, is what has been termed a blind leader of
the blind. Living'in a land where capitalism is
making its last stand, he cannot see that the break
up in Europe must eventually bring about the
downfall of the present system the world over.
* . *   ■    •
Meantime, the capitalists, realizing the approaching industrial depression, are foreseeing tjie necessity of trade with Russia, and urging that something should be done to secure Russian business.
* »        *
Samuel, however blind to all hut the organization of which he is now the head, scorns the advice
of the despised reds in Europe and especially of
Russia, while the leaders of the Russian people are
preparing for the day wh'en Europe will be in the
throes of a revolution, which will rock capitalism
off its props, and sweep the present system of society into oblivion.
* »        »
It is not necessary to go to the intellectuals of the
working class movement in other countries to read
the writing on the wall. The daily press of every
country, in the news columns, show that capitalism
is tottering in Europe and especially in Germany,
as'the following clipping' from the local press will
With the collapse of Chancellor Stressmann's
financial programme, the Soviets'believe a
revolutionary situation will again result in October or November, when a Red regime will be
The Communists believe the time is approch-
ing when not only the Reds, but the Monarchist
wing and many neutrals, will favor a dictatorship.
Unless thc Stressmann government succeeds
with its own dictatorial measures in creating
real money and stabilizing the mark, forcing
rich landowners to sell produce to the cities and
cutting coal and food prices, the Communists
expect a decisive war before winter comes. That
is one reason the government is drastically suppressing Moscow's leadership within Germany.
» » *
Sam Gompers and his associates and the ruling
class of Europe may not realize it, but when thc day
breaks when the proletariat of Germany assumes
con_mai_d of the situation, and sets up a dictatorship,
then Russia will be the biggest power in the world.
She will use her Red army in the proletarian flght;
her aerial fleet will be of service to the rising workers, and while the reactionary Labor leaders do not
now want to have Soviet Russia recognized, she will
in that day force recognition, not by granting concessions to capital, but by aiding in wiping out the
present dictatorship of capitalistic tyranny.
Survey of Economic Conditions in Canada
(Continued from last week)
Working Conditions
Regarding all theae facts from the
viewpoint of the working class, there
can be no doubt that the slight improvement In industry and trade has
not materially bettered working class
conditions. In some industries, notably the steel Industry of Nova Scotia,
and the building trades In some parts
of the country, there have been slight
increases In wages. But it must be
remembered that In most industries,
wages were very low and their purchasing value considerably below the
standard prevailing prior to 1914, The' f 0uoweg
determined and concerted efforts of
manufacturers to resist further increases in wages have met with considerable success.
In this regard, lt must be remembered that the decline ln prices of
commodities Is evidence during the
past two years has met with a decided
check. During the month of April,
according to the index figures announced by the department of Labor,
the upward movement in wholesale
prices continued from the previous
month. The Index figures for 262
commodities reveal an increase ln
April of 227.4, compared with 226.4
in March; 224.S in February, and 228.0
In January. In April, 1922, the figures stood af 225.0, and in 1914 at
Nor must it be forgotten that the
long Industrial depression of the last
two years, with its resultant short
time and unemployment, has been a
*ery big strain on lhe slander financial resaurces or tho. Canadian workers,   Many of them, as a consequence,
htve become hopelessly In riebt, and a
very large proporti.u. of thi» current
wagf-H will be expeaded in getting out
of debt.
1 'nemployment has slightly- improved, but not to the extent emphasized by the capitalist press. According to the report of the department
of Labor, the figures for unemploy
ment. (percentages of trade unionists
out of employment) have been:
January, 6.4; February, 7.8; March,
6.4 per cent.
In April, there was a Blight improvement. It must be remembered, how
ever, that over 60,000 workers have
left this country during the last four
months, most of them going Into the
United States, lured by better conditions. Despite the demands for farm
help, theexodus Into the States and
the increasing activity of basic indus
tries, the volume of unemployment in
Canada is still very high.
During the first months of this year
the ruling class continued their determined and-savage attacks on the workers, both organized and unorganized.
The British Empire Steel Corporation led the way In this regard, by
demanding and obtaining the protection of the forces of the State. The
homes of the leaders of the miners
were entered under cover of darkness
and searched, the headquarters of the
miners being subjected to a similar
procedure. The huge May Day demonstrations of Cape Breton were
by the arrest of Malcolm
Bruce, (editor of The Worker), and
the bringing ln of a special commission by John L. Lewis (at the Instigation of Besco), to Investigate and
and break up the united front of tho
miners and steel workers.
At the Pacific Coast, the "blacklist" of the highly-organized lumbering corporations continued to take its
toll, whilst the embittered dispute in
the Edmonton district between the
miners and the mine operators, continues with Increasing ferocity.
In Manitoba, a determined effort ls
being made by the employers to crush
organized labor. A special campaign
fund has been floated, having as its
objective the purging of the Winnipeg
City Council of its Labor mayor and
Labor aldermen.
Moreover, Mr. Justice Gait has
practically outlawed the Brotherhood
of Locomotive Engineers in his infamous decision of March. It is the
thin end of a legal wedge, destined to
play tremendous havic with the organized Labor movement In this country.
Coupled with these concerted attacks on the part of the ruling class,
the forces of organized labor have
demonstrated signs of growing resistance. The movement for amalgamation has steadily gained In strength,
and In many sections of the country
has given to the unions new vision,
and growing sense of power. To
certain extent the revival of industry
has been seized upon as a weapon to
secure further increases ln wages and
better conditions of labor, but certain*
Believed in two minutes with
Jo-To relieves gu pains, acid stomach, heart
burn, after-eating distress and all forma oi
indigestion quickly, without harm.
All Drug Stores.
Can the Empire Feed Itself?
^ BRITISH GOVERNMENT departmental com.
mittee, in a report, has asked the question: Can
the Empire Peed Itself? Naturally, tho answer^ not supplied, because of the fact that the
committee and those who appointed it, ean only see
through capitalistic colored glasses. But thc answer can bc supplied, and it is: No Empire can feed
itself, or the people who control it under the present
system of society.
Thc British Empire is the greatest thc world has
ever known*or dreamed of. Its domain stretches
through the greater part of the world, and its resources are unlimited, but still in spite of its greatness, in spite of its unbounded possibilities, the people starve; live in slums and die like rats in a plague.
*       *        # •
The United States of America, and adjoining
countries could be made self sustaining if conditions
would allow. The British Empire could do likewise,
as did Germany when all her resources were thrown
into the merry game of war. But in times of peace,
when human life could be cared for, and the resources used to produce happiness and plenty for
the people, those resources are not used, but in
many instances curtailed sb that a parasite class
may secure profits.
»       »       #
But in the days to come, there will be an empire
which will be self sustaining, but its function will
bc to feed and clothe those who work and produce,
not as today, those who never produced anything,
but live and fatten on thc wage workers whose labor
is thc source of all wealth. The first section of that
Empiro, was established in thc Russian proletarian
revolution, and as all other empires have grown, so
will the workers' co-operative commonwealth, and
the Empire of thc Proletariat will be able to feed
itself and bring humanity to greater civilization
than the world has ever known, but it will bc based
on freedom, and not human slavery.
If You Are Looking for
Bargains in Clothing
and Shoes
We are moving to 412 HASTINGS
STREET WEST, on the 31st day of
August  Only six days more.
We want to open up with a new stock.
W. B. Brummitt
Store Opens at 9 a.m. and        *
Cloaea at 6 p.m.
These Corsets Present You With
Comfort and Modish Lines
. Gossard Models
at $3.50 and $3.75
A light-boned model for the slender figure, designed with low elastic top with two sets of hose
supporters, has three hooks and eyes and elastic
section at back; sizes 21 to 27. Special price,
$3.50 per pair.
Models for medium and stout figures, made in
striped coutil, extends three inches above waistline,
has long skirt and two sets of hose supporters.
Sizes 21 to 30.   Special price, $3.75 por pair.
Longerlyne Brassieres
Of pink grenadine with elastic at waist, designed
to accentuate fashionable lines; wanted sizes at $1.
—Drysdale'* Corset Shop and Fitting Rooms, Second Floor.
575 OranviUe Btreet Phone Seymonr 8540
occasion ^^^^^^^^
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor
Control Board or by the Government of British Columbia
ly not to the same degree as tf ted
and directed by militant leadership.
The immediate outlook ls by no
means encouraging from the viewpoint of the capitalist. There are un-
mlstakeable signs of a decided decline in industry and commerce tn the
United States. The Increasingly financial and Industrial collapse of Europe
removes further and further away the
complete regeneration of capitalism
In North America, Despite frantic efforts to develop hew markets tn the
Orient, and the growing demand for
financial overtures to Europe, it Is be
coming more and more manifest that
American production depends upon1
Europe. Already the flnanclal experts of Wall Street are pointing to a
falling off in the domestic market, and
the slowing down of the productive
Canada will follow suit. The European market is ln chaos, and there
are growing signs that the domestic
market is becoming amply stocked.
The -present rate of productivity may
be maintained for some months, but
lt Is inevitable that a serious decline
will take place in the not far distant
future. It ls becoming Increasingly
manifest that capitalism, In Its death
struggle, can not solve the manifold
contradictions inhrent in itself.
Ring np Phone Seymonr Mil
for appointment
Dr. W.J. Curry
—lu-   Ml   Dominion   Building
New York Styles lu
Fall Coats and Suits
At 'Famons' Prices
WE offer you the pick of the New
Fail Modes, reproduced from .ex*
pensive models in our own factory,
and sold to you direct 'From Maker
to Wearer,' at priees amaalogly low.
Drugless Healing
ON Tuesday, the 14th, Mr. D 
of Westminster, was carried Into
this office, suffering from RIIKUMA-
TI8M, absolutely helpless. Tuesday, the 21st. HE WALKED IN
ALONE; not quite well, of courso,
but able to dress and undress him*
self without any assistance. This is
only one of many.
Full particulars will be given Ot
this offlce. IT IS RESULTS LIKE
Downie Sanitarium
SM Standard Bank Bldg.
Sey. 808, High. 2184L
W. nprtsut tkt Amtrlcta Uetanlty
•f SulpnuUc, Statu., Wtrt*
1160 Ottrfla Stntt
Stnday aerrleea, 11 a_n. and 7:10 p.m.
Sunday achool Immediately followi-f
morotaf serrice. Wednesday tattlmooial
meetlnc, 0 p_n. Fnt readlni non,
901401 Birks Bids.
B. r. Harrison S. A. Parry
ui kukuwat    vamcouvbs, b.o. _
net. Faimtat 58 *
Order Gallon Jar for your parties and. dances.
Phone, Highland *0.
Cigar Store
The Oliver Rooms]
Everything Modern
Rates Reasonable
"A Good Plaoe to Eat"
IN yoar faoe to tt.ee contacts with pool
pie, your appearance, your bearing anifl
many other things help yon to make *\\M
light Impression. Bat In yoar _*It*phonm
contacts, there ia only one thing bf which!
yon ean be judged—your speech.
Do you cultivate an effective telephone!
personality! Your voice la you. In thffl
Intimate contact whieh the ttlephondl
gives, let yonr voice etpress all thoaat
qualities which will itidu-n. favorable ae*|
tlon on the part ot the listener. It IsJ
worth while.
Tm Short Worda, Bridging the Golf Between
Ban n> pntttM j-N*wl* aad ytar fa-ally tftlut nuk ta • .—..
wlU t SATIlft, AOOO(J»T-.kt mo_l nhtblt mat a a_ta tta k»t ttl
tkt "a—at dat,"
Wt BTBONOIT ■lOO-MMD ysa to start mak aa atttaal AT OHOI,       I
at oat of tu Olty Branekes.
HAST_»as and umtOOT aee. a. Kanuaa. ___na«_r
Otrdora aad At Ml Kala aad Htk Aw. Kala aad Broadway . ,
Union Bank of Canada
P.8.—If yon ua living In __ oommnnity aot provided with Banking facilities, ad*
dress oa by iuU,and wa will ba glad to gold* yon in respect to "Banking by Mall." SIDAT .....August   24, 1923
i Price Dentistry
I back up   this   oiler
by a
15-Year Guarantee
in Writing.
Half-price on every
kind of Dentistry:
Expression Plates
Fyorrhoea Treatments
Crown? and  Bridges
Dental X-Ray
to end of
FOR a .further period of one week
only, my offer of the highest class
of dental work at 50 per cent, less than
my usual charges holds good. Don't
delay any longer if you wish to get inv
on this special offer—phone for an appointment or call at my office today.
Remember that the amount of work
being accepted is only as much as will
keep my offlce staff working normally.
I have (or many years studied the most approved ljpethods of performing
Painless Dentistry
and assure you that the utmost will be dono
for your comfort and convenience.
17 Years' Practice in Vancouver
Formerly Member of the Faculty of the College of Dentistry, University of
Southern California;   leoturer on Crown and Bridge Work;  'demon*
strator in Plate Work and Operative Dentistry, looal and
general anaethesla.
602 Hastings Street West   Phone Sey. 3331
Oorner Seymour*—Bank of Nova Scotia Building
Office open Tuesday and Friday evenings
Vancouver Unions
CouncU — Presidont, B. E. Htaluda, 11.
. A.; general secrettry, Percy R. Bengoufa.
I See: 808, 319 Finder Bt. Weat. Pkone Sty.
iSS. Meett in Labor HaU at 8 p.m. oa
tt flrst and third Tntadaya In month.
Heeta aecond Honday la tha month. Pre.
dent, J. B. White; iecretary, B. H. Noel-
Ue. P. 0. Boy 66. 
dova Street Weat—Business meetlnn
ery Wednesday evening. A. Haelnnu,
airman; E. H. Horrlaon, aec-treas.; Ott.
. Harrison, 1182 Parker Stnet, Vancouver,
. 0., corresponding aeeretary.
^Any district In British Colombia desiring
■formation rt securing speakers or tha for-
■.tlon ol local branehee, kindly commanloatt
~th provinaial Seoretary J. Lylt Telford,
14 Blrki Bldg., "Vanconver, B. 0.- Tele*
me Seymonr 1832, or Fairmont *»98
aecond Thursday every montb, 312 Peader
■treat   Weat.     Preaident,   J.   Brlghtwalt;
■Uncial secretary, H. A. Bowron, 922—-llth
^.e. East.
■55M_VM_iOABB_iBS' INTERNATIONAL Cnlon of America—Local 120, Van*
■raver, B, 0., meeta aeoond tnd fonrth Toes-
■tys in eaoh month in Boom 818—819 Pan*
It Street Weat. Pnaldent, 0. E. Herrett.
■l Hutinga Stntt Eaat; eeentary, A. B,
■tnl 820 Cambie Street.    Shop pbone, Sey.
702.   Bealdenat phont. Dong. 2171B.
;ebnational   brotherhood   or
ttlermakera, Inn Shipbuilders and Help*
a ot America, Local 191,—Meetings _re*.
■id third Mondays In eaoh month. Presl-
■ent, P. Willie; secrettry. A. Fraaer. Oflloe;
■com 303—319 Pender Stntt Weat.   OBce
Kara, 9 to 11 aai. and 3' to 6 pjn.	
^bricklayers or masons for boiler worka,
|(., or marblo lettera, phone Bricklayers'
Jnion, Labor. Temple.	
VTEBS and Joiners, Local 452—President,
. W. Hatley; recording aeoretary, W. Page;
islness agent, Wm. Dunn.    Office:   Boom
tt— 319 Pender Btreet West. Meete second
d fourth Mondays, 8 p.m., Room 5, 810
•nd»r Btreet Wtat
id third Frldaya In eaoh month, at 148 Cor-
..» Street West. Preaident, David CuthiU,
1*52 Albert Street; secretary-treasurer, Geo.
■tarrlaon, 1182 Parkor Street.	
Steam and Operating, Local 844—Heeta
very Thuraday at 8 p.m., Room 807 Labor
'ample. Preaident, J. Flynn; business agent
>_ financial aeeretary, F. S. Hunt; recording
iewtary, D. Hodgea.
___*__,   _..   __-.^v-,	
Pnaldent, Neil MacDonald, No. 1 Firehall;
ternary, 0. A. Watson, No. 8 Fireball.
every first aad third Monday in room 812—
19 Pender Stnet Weat. President, 1. R.
tawthorne; financial secretary, A, Padgham,
syce Road Post Offloe, Vanconver, B. 0.;
-cording lecretary, 0. Tether, 2249— 45th
■art. Eaat. Vanooavor, B. 0.	
■OTEL   AND   BESTAURANT    Employee!
■Union,   Loctl   28—441   Stymour   Street.
■eete fint and third Wedneadaya tt 2:30
■m.     Seeond   tad   foarth   Wednesdays  at
30   p.m.    Executive - board  maeti   tvtry
eidty at 8 p.m.   Praaldant, W. A. Oolmar-
littell agant, A. Oraham.   Phone Seymonr
it I 3	
_F CANADA—An induitrlal ■!__>_ of all
rkera in logging and -conitructien oamps.
tat Dlatrlct and Oeneral Headquartere, 61
tdova Blnet Weit, Vaneourer, D. O.
lone Seymour 7856. J, M. Olarke. general
intarv'treaanrer; legal advlsen, Meun.
d, Macdonald ft Co., Vanoouver, B. 0.;
Jitora, Meisn. Bnttar ft Chiene, Vancou-
f, B. 0.
KOHINIBTS LOOAL 182—President, Let
lOeorge; socretary, J. O. Keefe; busineu
lent, P. R. Bengough. Office: 809, 819
fader Street West. Meets In Boom 818—
9 Pender Street West, on flrst tnd third
jmndays in month.
.OHINISTS LOOAL 692—Preildent, Ed.
Dawson; aeoretary, R. Hint; business
mt, P. R. Bengongh. Office: 809—319
tder Street West. Meets In Boom 8—
> Pender Street West, on second and 4th
isdays In month
UNION, Local 146, A. F. ol M.—Meets at
bse Hall, Homer Street, aeoond Snnday,
19 a.m. Presidont. Ernest 0. Miller. 991
son Street; secretary, Edward Jamleson,
. Nolson Street; flnanclal secretary, W. E,
Hams, 991 Nelson Street; organiser, F.
tcher, 991 Nelson 8treet
'ORS and Paporhnngori ol America, Local
, Vancouver-Meets 2nd and lib Thurs-
s at 148 Cordova Street West. Phone,
.. ar.tn. Business Agent, H. D. Collar-.
P_ek Bullda-a/ Local No. J.04--M..U at
I. Haitingi Street Wait every Friday, at 8
in Jai, Thompsdb. flnanclal secretary.
Pordnva St. West, P. 0. Box Mi. W™*
8703.   Meetinga every Honday al 7:80
E. J. Peanon, bnainetl agent. 
l.-Meotlng nights, flrat Tueaday and Srd
Idar of each month at headquarters, 818
rdova Stnet Weat. Preaident, D. 0 Ilea-
i- vlce-preildont, John Johnson; secretary-
ssurer, Wm. Donaldson, address 318 Oor
l Street West. Bnneh agent'a jddrtjti
Worrall,  576 Johnaon Stnet, Victoria,
Ks, PiLfr Dlvljion, No. 101-M..t.
■p   Hall. Eighth and Ktogiway, 1st and
Mondays Bt 10:15 a.m. and 7 pj_.Fre*
ITent. F.  A. Hoover,  2409 Olarke Drive;
•--ss leenltry. »• ■• *£&"Va*
Js. East.;  treaiurer, A *■ **"_?• _.*V"_
ll aeontary and bullntn agent, W. H. Oot*
I, 168—17th Avt. W.   Offict, oorntrPrlor
. Main a......    Phont Fairmont 4504Y
KSfea, Loeal No. i\_-*^_i£_\
Honday ta eaoh month, 8 p.m. Preal*
A. B. Oatenby: vlce-pnaidtnt, Mra.
|lk; ncording aooretary, 0. M*-»°5«'d. *•
Boi 508; flnanolal aeontary, P. MoNelah,
^0. Boi son:	
Tlet Roaiia—Vanoouver braneh meeta flnt
Jk third Sundaya each month, 2 p.m., at 61
■dova Stroet Weat. For information write
■■Wbranoh aeontary, S. T. A. S. B., 61 Oor
, ati__t Weit. Vanoouver. B. 0.	
lent, R. P. Pettlpltct:   vice-president   J.
Bryan:   aeonttrytreasunr, B. H. Needs, P. <>. Boi 66.   Meets lait Sunday at
lh mbnth it 2 p.m. In Ltbor Hill, 819
nder Street Weit.	
ATION—Meots at 991 Nelvm Street,at 11
i. on the Tuesday preceding tho 1st Snn-
- of tbt montb,   Pnildont, E. A. Jamie-
"In th« Flavor Sealing Tin"
Street Railwaymen
Come Back at Company
(Continued from Page 1)
increased, and the wonderful prosperity which they enjoy while the poor
company Is compelled to face bad
business conditions. Of course the
dear public Is also considered, and
the men informed that they are the
envy of other workers in other occupations.
■The advisory board of the Street
Railway Employees, while resenting
the attitude"* of the company, have
carefully prepared their case, and will
be fully capable of showing that a decrease in wages ls not warranted, and
that an Increase is' coming to them.
-It may be added that a strike vote
has been taken, empowering the 'men's
representatives to call a strike if their
demands are not complied with, after
all means of arbitration have been
The Street Railway Men's Advisory
Board consists of the following representatives of the different divisions:
W. H. Cottrell,. chairman, P. A.
Hoover and F. E. Grlflln, Vancouver;
A. J. Bond and R. Higgins, New Westminster; J. Petticrew and W. Gibson,
Victoria. The case of the StreeC Rallwaymen will be laid before the board
by the chairman.
Leap the Dipt
Old Kill
Every aftflmooa ud •vtalBg,
Adults 10c;  Ofcildrtn fie.
Wednesday! ind Saturday!
9 p.m. to 13 p.m.
Finest pavilion on  tho Pacific
Take Hastinga East car, No, 8,
or Pi-well St. oar, Mo. 12, to the
Light refreshments at pavilion.
Relieved in two minutes with
Gas. aold, aour, burning stomach all quickly
roli-jved wltb JO-TO.   Drag Btortl.
The Inaugural Address of the
International Workingmen's Association
Best $2.50
Glasses not prescribed unless  absolutely  necessary.    Examinations
made tir graduate Eyesight Specialists.    Satisfaction guaranteed.
Wt (rind oor own touts. Leiiiti
duplicated by mail,
Brown Optical
Be   sure   of   the   address—Above
Woolworth's Store, near
Suite 86, Deris Chambers,
Phene Sty. 1071
son, 991 Nelson St.; SecreUry, 0. IT, Wll*
Mams, 991 Nelson 8t; Business Ayrat, P.
Fletcher, 991 Nelson Bt.
Pender Street West. Business meetings
every 1st and 3rd Wednesday every month,
M. CarpendaJe, corresponding icoroiary; G.
Tether, flnanolal secretary; J. Halliday,
brunch organiser.
UNION, No. 418—Prwldent, S. D, Mae<
donald, secretary-treasurer, J. M. Campbell,
P. 0. Box 689. Meeta last Thursday of each
[By Karl Marx]
Delivered to the publlo meeting ln the
St. Martin's Hall, Long Acre, London, on 28th September, 1864,   at
which the Association was founded.
Workers,  Comrades:   It ls an  extremely momentous fact that the misery of the working class in the years
1848-1864 has not lessened, In spite
of the unexpected development of industry and  growth  of  trade during
this period.
In the year 1850 one of the conservative organs of the British bourgeoisie, one of the best Informed papers,
predicted that when England's Imports And exports rose by 50 per cent,
pauperism would fall to the vanishing
point. . *•
Very well!, On 7th April, 1864, the
Chancellor of the Exchequer, Oladstone, charmed his parliamentary
hearers with the Information that the
total import and export trade of Oreat
Britain In 1863 had grown to the sum
of £443,856,000 sterling: "An astonishing sum whtch amounts to nearly
three times the total trade of the not
distant epocfi of 1843. Then he proceeds to enlarge somewhat upon
"poverty." "Think on those," he continues, "who stand continually on the
verge of pauperism," , , . "on the
stationary wages ... on the human life which . . . In nine cases
out of ten ls simply a struggle for existence." He did not speak of the people of Ireland who more and more are
replaced in the North by machines
and in the South by sheep, although
in that unhappy land even the sheep
diminish In numbers though not so
rapidly as the men. He did not repeat what the highest representatives
fof the upper ten thousand In a sud-1
den access of fear had divulged.
When the panic over garrotting had
reached its height, the House of Lords
set op a parliamentary commission to
enquire Into transportation and penal
servitude. In the voluminous blue
book containing their report issued bi
1863 the truth came to light, and with
official facts and figures it was proved
that the worst criminals, the convicts
of England, and Scotland, endured
less hardship and were much better
nourished than the agrlculaural workers of these two countries. This waa
not all. When the Civil War ln the
United States threw the factory workers of Lancashire and Cheshire on
the street, the same House of Lords
despatched a doctor Into the industrial aceas with the mission of discovering the smallest quantity of carbon
and nitrogen, in the form of the
cheapest and simplest foods, which
was necessary on the average to "prevent hunger sickness." Dr. Smith, the
medical authority employed stated
that 28,000 grains of carbon and 1330
grains of ntrogen por week were just
sufficient, on the average, to maintain
a made adult above the level of famine fever and he also discovered that
the sparse diet to which the cotton
workers, through the pressure of dire
need had been brought almost equalled this minimum. Take notice now!
This same learned doctor was later on
once more directed by the medical of-
flced of the Privy Council to undertake an enquiry into the mode of living of the poorer sections of the working class. The result of his investigation is contained in the sixth report
on Public Health, which was publish-
Comrades, wo have some traitors tn
our midst,
Poor purblind fools, of reasoning
power bereft,
Who'll fan the flame that accident
lias Ut
Or nurse tho Are that carelessness
has left.
Ay, even in their greed-distorted minds
They'll frame the plan of kindling
lt anew,
And sacrifice a forest to tlie flames
To get themselves a job upon a crow!
In    blackened    valleys,    Are-scarred
mountain sides,
Now barren wastes where nothing
grows, nor cun,
Wc   see  tlie  traces  of  this   Devil's,
Of reckless wasters of God's gifts to
Traitors   are   they,   cruel   selfishness
their creed,
They trade your birthright for their
paltry stake I
A nation's wealth goes billowing up
In smokct
Como!    Help  us  crush  them—for
your children's sake!
—W. H.  C.
THE "poet laureate" of the Canadian Forestry Association, under
the caption "Traitors," breaks into
rhyme ln an endeavor to create the
Impression that it Is the workers who
are responsible for forest fires.
Poetry should only express the
truth, but a writer of fiction, forced
to some extent to draw on Imagination, could more effectively present
such nonsense ln plain prose . The
poesy effusion has the appearance of
ignorance, pyramided against a background of spiteful ness. The facts of
practical experience should be more
convincing surely, In determining who
or what are the chief causes of forest
Fire, as a natural phenomena, occurs In many ways in different localities, but apart from these, any one
who has worked where logging operations are carried on, knows that the
flre-flghtlng equipment of the average
logging camp Is by no means adequate
to deal wtlh a forest fire, and In many
Instances, precautionary measures
that might prevent fires are ignored
by the management, tn order to curtail logging expenses, and consequently increase profits.
One of the most frequent causes of
fires ts to be found where logs ane
transported to the water by rail, fires
having been created by sparks thrown
by wood-burning locomotives. Other
causes are allowing litter and brush
to lay about where fire ls used; failure to place spark arresters on logging donkeys before the closed season when weather Is dry, ad ln some
parts of the country fire has spread
before the season had begun.
A small percentage of flies are
caused by burning match and cigarette ends, and a still smaller percentage can be classified as Incendiary ln
their origin. We have all logging
history and the damning evidence oft
specific Instances to prove these statements.
Comparatively speaking, lt Is only
recently that the operators and owners of timber seeing the results of
tbeir wasteful, reckless folly, aro now
broadcasting slogans, advertising,
writing poems, nnd preaching sermons on the need for "public education in forest preservation," while
they themselves are responsible for
most of the waste and devastation of
the timber areas of Canada.
Thelr's. ls not .the attitude of repentant sinners, neither are they con
cerned about the future welfare of
"our children," or the protection of
their "birthright." Social consciousness does not influence their viewpoint, but private property and proflt
It would be difficult to flnd a more
fatuous collection of employers than
the boss loggers of this country. However, it Is not their folly that'amuses
use, but their wisdom. Which of
these appears the most ludicrous, the
flre fighter who rushes at a roaring
forest flre armed with a broken*
handled shovel, In a country of rocks,
or the taxpayers who furnish the
funds that are expended in fighting
fires and not in preventing them,
the legislators who vote in favor of
silly legislation designed allegedly to
prevent smoking in the- woods? It
would please those who proflt by our
toil to add the latter, the only feature now lacking ln the Ufe of a
worker in the logging industry which
would placo him on a par. with the in-
mtes of a penal institution.
Traitors who trade YOUR birthright for THEIR profits.
Here are a few samples of the invectives hurled at the wage slaves,
who it is charged will: "Fan the flame
that accident has lit," or "nurse the
fire that carelessness has left, and
sacrifice a forest to the flames to get
themselves a Job upon the crew,"
devil's brood of reckless wasters of
God's gifts to man," and ending with
the appeal: "Come, help us crush
them for your children's sake." Can
you beat that for a characteristic example of assumed innocence, and sanctimonious sypocrlsy?
That clarion call to arms has a
familiar but delusive ring to It. It
brings back memories of the not distant past when the same dollar patriots, and their lick-spittle representatives howled: "Come crush the
beastly Hun." Why? For your birthright of wage slavery, or to "bum*
old cast-off nigs.
"A devil's brood of reckless wasters
of nature's gifts to man." Imagine u
worker who would maliciously "sacrifice a forest to the flames" on the
chnnce of getting n "Job upon the
crew," fighting flre—one of the lowest paid and most disagreeable Jobs
on enrth, with tho possible exception
of "booze fighting," to* "make the
world safe for democracy," without
such material considerations of cause
as oil welts, coat Holds and trade
routes. The most idealistic moron In
the wholo proletarian family would
hardly be guilty of smli action. It
Is not a common sight to see the workers In their anxiety to get a Job,
giving battle to the elements, beslog-
Ing the "Chechako" or college "educated" morons who pose as flre wardens.
The owners of timber in the Province of Ontario did not show any great
concern over "our birthright" or the
welfare of "our children" when they
failed to make proper returns to the
government ln the matter of timber
It ts not for "our" children's nuke
that a worker in the lumber industry,
with a family, Is forced by economic
circumstances, to exist in a/ two-by-
four rough boarded shark, while tho
"odd ones" are herded Into putrid
corrals, known as bunkhouses, and
receive as their "birthright" the dally
innol. Ot ,fttarvatloii: wages. The let
ter Y in tho words 'Jyour birthright'
seems to us .ppperfluous; possibly It
Is' a misprint, or perhnps tho "pet'
fwho signs the ■'initials W. H. C.)
lackH the sense pr;jiumor you would
expect to find11n a roal poet.
Finally, if natural resources aro
"God's gift to man," why have a fow
defied God nnd man by appropriating
'ed by the command of parliament in
the course of this year. What did the
doctor discover? That the silk weavers, the dress makers, the hand shoemakers, the stocking kntters and
other workers did not enjoy, on the
average .even the famine ration of
the cotton workers, did not obtain
even the minimum of cargon and nitrogen "Just sufficient to prevent famine fever. In addition," we quote
from the official report, "It waa found
among the families of agricultural laborers in which enquiries were carried
out, that their diet was deAcient by
over a flfth part of the necessary carbon and by over a third of the necessary nitrogen and that In three counties (Berkshire, Oxfordshire and
Somersetshire) the average fare of
whole parishes did not contain the required quantities. It must be boms
in mind," continues the report, "that
want of food Is only borne with great
reluctance and that people only come
down to a famine diet after they have
sacrificed many other necessities . .
. even cleanliness under such circumstances, is costly and wearisome,
and where an endeavor ls made out of
self-respect to retain It, there the result will be an lntenser agony of hunger. These are painful considerations
especially when it ls remembered that
the poverty of whtch we are speaking
here is not the well deserved1 penalty
of idleness, but in every case is the
poverty of working sections of the
population. It must be said that the
laborer which is recompensed w'th
insufficient rations, has actually to a
boundless extent expanded." The report contains the peculiar and unexpected fact "that Qf the four parts of
the United Kingdom, England, Wales,
Scotland, Ireland, the agricultural
population of England, the most fertile portion, ts by far the foist nourished" nevertheless that even the agricultural workers of Berkshire, Oxfordshire and Somersetshire are better fed than the great mass of skilled
home workers in the East End of
These are official data, published by
command of parliament in the year
1864, during the thousand year reign
of free trade, at a time when the
Chancellor of the Exchequer communicated to the House of Commons the
fact that "the condition of the average British worker had improved to
such an extraordinary degree as had
never before been witnessed in the
history of all times and all countries.
With these official congratulations,
the dry remarks of the official public
health report do not harmonize: "The
public health of a country means the
health of the mass of Its population,
and this mass can hardly be healthy
until its lowest sections have reached
the required regree of well-being."
Dazzled by the "progress of the national wealth," by the statistical figures which dance before his eyes, in
lhe excess of his transport, the chancellor of the exchequer exclaims:
"From 1842 till 1852, the .taxable
Income of the country increased by 6
per cent.; In the eight years from
1853 till 1861, lt has expanded by 20
per cent, if we compare the income
of the latter, with that of the former
year. The facts are so astonishing
that they appear to be almost incredible. . . Thts Intoxicating increase
of wealth and power," further adds
Mr. Gladstone, "Is exclusively limited
to the circle of the propertied
You well know under-what conditions of shattered wealth (damaged
morals and spiritual ruin "this intoxicating Increase of wealth and power
August Furniture
At Savings from 20 to 60%
Our easy payment plan enables you to have use of
the Furniture while paying for it.
Hudson's Bay Company
Drugless Methodi Only Used In Treitment of Nervous tnd Chronic Disease!.
^ Fn* Chiropractic Adjustments, 8:80 to 8:80 am.
OFFICE HOURS:   10-12 ».m., 1-5:30 p.m., tad by appointment
Phont Stymour 4S71
exclusively for the propertied classes"
was produced by the working clau;
this is simply demonstrated In the lat-
| est "Report on Public Health," where
it deals with the work rooms of tailors, printers and female confection
workers. Compare also the "Report
of the Commission on Child Labor/'
of 1868, where the following statements are made:
"The calling of a pottery worker,
and this applies both to men and women, has had effects of a physical and
of a psychical nature upon the people
and leads to degeneration, unhealthy
children will ln time be unhealthy adults, a progressive degeneration of the
race ls Inevitable, and were It not for
a continuous recruiting of the Industrial population from the adjoining
country districts and marriages between the factory workers and members of healthier sections of the population, the deterioration of the population of Staffordshire would be far
greater than tt ls."
Furthermore consider what Is revealed in Mr. Tremenheere's blue
book on "The Grievances of the Journeymen Bakers,"
And who has failed lo shudder at
the apparently contradictory report of
the factory Inspectors, or the still
more Illuminating Information afforded by the mortality lists, that tba
health of the workers of Lancashire
at a time when their means of existence were reduced to the barest famine ration, actually improved because
they were through the failure of tha
cotto naupply at the same time kept
out of the cotten factories; and that
the mortality of the children diminished because the mothers at length
had the time to feed them on the
breast, instead of with Godfrey's
opium mixture.
Now for the reverse of the medal!
The income and property tax lists
which were laid before the House of
Commons on 20th July, 1884, Inform
us that the persons having a yearly income of £50,000 or over, in the period
from Oth April, 18(12, till Stli April,
1868, had increased by 18, so that
tiieif number rose in one year from
1*7 to 80.
The same lists epose the fact that
some 3000 persons share a yearly Incomo of some £25,000,000 sterling,
ery nearly as much as the whole incomo of the entire body of agricul-
(Cnntfnued  on  page  4)
and abusing those gifts, and arbitrarily deciding what Is to be considered
If W. H. C. realty is concerned with
waste, not of timber resources, but in
wealth production and distribution as
a whole, then I would advise him (or
her) to examine the crazy economic
system of capitalist society—the madhouse where the means of life, although more than dufflclent for all,
are denied most of Its inhabitants,
where riches, luxury and depravity
dwells side by side with slavery nnd
If the mythical God of tho bourgeois sanctions the destruction of
useful things, sacrificed to the flames
lu order to collect paltry fire insur-
ance; If he gives his benediction to
wars Involving the destruction of
milli-.tiH of lives, and billion*. In
wealth; if ho i-nndones the perfidy of
priest, preacher and politician; If he
sanctifies humnn slnvery and encourages sham, lies and 'ignorance, your
God then is a peculiar Ood, more po?
(Miliar even than the logic of a would-
be poet. A LOGO Elt.
Keeping timber for B. C. Industries)   •'
Keeping alive a prosperous payroll?
Keeping fur and feather in B. C?
Keeping timber for manufacture?
Keeping a green forest for posterity?
Prevent Forest Fires
Do you realize when ordtering Britannia Beer that every
cent stays in British Columbia? No Million Brick Pile
to drain B. C, therefore remember
"It Can't Be Beat"
Order from your nearest Oovernment Vendor PAGE FOUR
FRIDAY August   24,  19!
To All Members of
Organized Labor
TAKE NOTICE the undersigned houses employ
Union help, and are entitled to your patronage
Roy's Lunch
Martinique Oafe
Jim's Lunoh
Acme Oafe
Avalon Oafe
Love's Oafe
OranviUe Lunch
New Delmonico Oafe
Vanoouver Hotel Waiters
Orpheum Oafe
Standard Oafe
Lodge Oafe
Morris Lunoh
Oood Eats
Fender Oafe
Gourley Waffle House
Moonlight Oafe
Oaks Oafe
Palace Oafe
Busy Bee
Kings Oafe
Wonder Lunoh
Oyster House
The Only Oyster House
Empire Oafe
Broadway Oafe
Golden Gate Oafe
Vietoria Oafe
Eastern Oafe
Marine Oafe
P. S.—All others are unfriendly with organized lahor.
441 Seymour Street. Phone Seymour 1681.
Mon., Sat.
Mon., Wed., Sat.
Wed., Sat.
Wed.., June 6th, 8:00 p.m.
and Fortnightly thereafter.
Tourist and Travel Bureau
••       527 GranvUle Street
Pass The FederationiBt along and
help get new subscribers. *■
On April 10th, 1919
We refused to raise our prices.
Lockio refusad to sell us any more
shoes. We ato doing a bigger and
a better sboe business tban ever.
Children's School Boots, 8 to
10%    $2.25
Youths' School DootB, 11 to
13%      $2.50
Boys' School Boots, 1 to
5%      |3.25
Boys' Heavy Rib Hose, 6 to
10,  3 pairs ror $1.00
Boys' All Wool Golf Hose, 6
to  10,  Saturday  50c
Boys' All Wool Black Worsted Stockings, 6 to 10,
Saturday   50c
Men's Engineor Shirts, detached  collar,   14%-17....$2.25
Arthur Frith & Co.
Men's and Boys' Furnishings, Hats, Boots and Shoes
(B-tmn 7th ud Itk AnmlM)
■I'hone Fairmont -859
CTOVES AND RANGES, both malleable and steel,
McClary's, Fawcett's, Canada's Pride, installed
free by experts; satisfaction guaranteed.  Cash or
$2.00 per week.
Canada Pride Range Company Ltd.
346 Hastings Street East
Sey. 2399
Conditions Are so Bad that
Sailors Leave the
A mass meeting was held at the
Columbia Theatre on Sunday last,
August 19, under the auspices of the
Federated Seafarers Union of B. C.
The chairman, * Wm, Donaldson,
stated that various organizations had
been notified that the meeting was for
the purpose of exposing to the publio
the conditions aboard the vessels of
the Canadian Government Merchant
Marine, Ltd., that were unfair to organized labor.. Among the organizations that were notified to send along
a representative were the Marine Engineers Association, the Canadian
Merchant Service Guild, and the International Longshoremen's Association, The chairman explained that
probably the reason for above-mentioned organizations not being repre
sented was that they were all assisting ln some form or another to pre<
pare the unfair ships for sea; although
when the I. L. A. had been asked to
assist previously, they had appointed
a committee to act ln conjunction with
the Seafarers Union. The committee
met the officials pf the C. G. M. M.
with no better results than had been
offered to the Seafarers, therefore the
I. L. A. had ceased to function with
their committee.
Conditions on board the vessels had
gradually been getting worse since the
strike in 1921, when the wages were
reduced from J76 per month to |60,
and the food allowance ,had been
slashed to an extent that every one of
the crews had been complaining that
it was unbearable. Even the crews
had been reduced to this extent, that
after a voyage, many of them were
patients of the hospitals In this city;
although many of the crews were only
too glad to take French leave In other
countries, where seamen have a chance
to get fed. Even since the present
dispute, started, the crews of strikebreakers, have 'at the first opportunity, ran away trom such terrible conditions as exist on  the C.  G. M. M.
The Inaugural Address
of the International
Workingmen's Association
(Continued trom page 8)
Various cuttings from the press
were read to the meeting, condemning
the action of the C, G, M. M„ Ltd.,
for the Inefficient state of affairs.
T. Bisset stated that the workers
hod better get busy and rally to the
support of the Seafarers, as the employers' tactics were to weaken organizations that were trying to exist
under present conditions.
Mra. Lorimer, of the Federated
Labor Party, addressed the meeting,
and referred to the position of the
miners in the Old Country, and the
dispute in Nova Scotia, that the workers were an apathetic lot; also that
they were dead from the feet up. She
also remarked that If the men had to
suffer as much as the women, that
there would be more resistance in
them. She alno mentioned that during the struggle of the working class
In Russia, ships had been loaded by
organized labor ln this country, with
ammunition, to shoot down the workers ln Russia, in their flght against
the rotten system of capitalism.
Comrade Smith, of the Workers
Party, stated that he was a seaman,
and that he had been through the
mill quite a bit, but that he had never
ran across such experiences as had
been related by the secretary of the
Seafarers, although he had been put
ln jail for refusing to work over the
ship's side while the ship was at sea.
This speaker referred to an organized
front tot united action.
Comrade Allman, who represented
the I. W. W., tried to show the audience the fallacy of the workers trying
to accomplish anything in small organizations—in fact, his remedy to
Btrike is Btrike one Btrike all.
fhe sum of $48.68 was collected.
Attack on Communists Resented by Veteran
Chicago, Aug. 16.—"It ia not Win.
Z. Foster, Chnrlen E. Ruthenberg,
Rose Pastor Stokes nnd other Communists who are on trial In Michigan,"
wrote the world's greatest libertarian,
Eugeno V. Debs, In the Liberator,
some time ago, anent the "criminal
syndicalist" charges against the Communists for holding a secret convention at Brldgman, Michagnn, last summer, "but Is the State of Michigan
Itself that is on trial before the nation
and before the world."
To the cry of Debs there comes an
answering echo from beyond the sea
that symbolizes the verdict of the
world agalnat the State of Michigan—
indeed, against the United States government ns well; the United States
government which, permitting a creature such as Bums, such us Daugherty,
to typify Its "Justice," ntnnds convicted before the civilized world as the
i>larkent and most disgraceful tyrannj
since that of "Bloody Nicholas,"
This answer from over the son, Ib
in the form of a contribution from the
ex-Fn-tnler of Sweden. HJalmar Bran-
ting, to the Labor Dofense Council of
Chicago, which is lighting tho Mlchl
gan cases ln the courts. II Is pointed
out that Mr, Branting, lately holding
the premiership of Sweden, Is, because
of a political crlslN, likely again to
become premier of that government
tural workerB ir. England and Wales.
Take the statistics of 1861, and It will
be found that the number of the mfele
landlords in England and Wales has
fallen from 16,934 in 1861 to 15,066
in 1861, so that the concentration of
the ownership of the land In ten years
has advancved by ll per cent. Let
the concentration of the ownership of
the soil in a few hands continue to go
forward at the same pace aB hitherto,
and Boon the land question will be
simplified in the same remarkable
way that 1t was In the time of the
Roman Empire, when Nero with scorn
ful laughter made the discovery that
half of the province of Africa was tho
property of six lords.
We have dwelt so long upon these
facts "that are so astonishing that
they appear incredible," because England stands at the head of commercial
and inlustrial Europe. It will be fresh
in your minds, that only a few ninths
ago .one of the exiled sons of Louis
Philippe congratulated the English
agricultural laborers upon beirg In a
position so much better than tU'tt of
their Ifss favorably placed comralee
on the other side of the Channel And
in fact with somewhat altered locai
dress and ln a more diminutive sotting the English phenomena are repeated in all the industrial and progressive lands of the continent. In
all of them is to be found since 1848
an unheard of development of industry and a never previously equalled
increase of exports and imports. In
all o fthem was "the Increase of wealth
and power exclusively in the circles
of the possessing classes truly intoxicating." With them all we find as in
England in the case of a minority of
the working class a trifling rise of the
real wages, that is to Bay, the quantity of means of existence that can be
purchased for the money wage; in
the most of cases, however, the rise
of the money wage means as little any
real increase in well-being, as i. e., in
the case of the inmateB of the poor-
houses or orphan asylums of London,
when the cost of meeting their barest
physical needs amounts in 1861 to
nine pounds fifteen shillings and eight
pence as against seven pounds seven
shillings and four pence In 1852.
Throughout the great mass of the
working class sink down well into
still greater misery, at least In relation to the rise of the nuppe classes
ln the social scale. And bo ln every
country it hns now become a truth,
demonstrated to be so for every unprejudiced person, denied only by
those who have an interest in misleading others by raising false expectations that no perfecting of machinery, no application of scinece to industry, no improvement of the means
of communication, no new colonies,
no emigration, no opening out of new
markets, no free trade and not all
these thingB put together can do away
with the misery of the tolling masses,
but rather on the contrary that upon
the present false basis every new development of the productive power of
labor must lead to the widening of
the gulf between the classes and to
the heightening of social antagonisms.
During this intoxicating epoch of
economic progress death from starvation raised itself almost to the
rank of a social institutln in the capital of the British Empire. In the annals of world history this epoch will
be characterized by the more impetuous course, the more expanded range
and the deadlier effects o fthe social
plague known as the commercial and
Industrial- crisis.
After the miscarriage of the revolution of 1848, all organizations and
papers of the workers parties on the
continent were suppressed by the unsparing use of force. The progressive
sonse of labor fled In despair to the
Transatlantic Republic, and the shortlived dream of freedom vanished in an
epoch of industrial fever, moral stagnation and political reaction. The
defeat of the working class of the
continent, in some part aided by the
diplomacy of the English government,
which then as today acted In fraternal solidarity with the St. Petersburg
cabinet, soon communicated Its contagious effect to this side of the Channel. While the defeat of their brothers on the continent discouraged the
English workers and weakened their
faith I nthelr own power, it restored
once more the somewhat shaken self-
confidence of the landlords nnd money
lords. With shameless effrontery,
these withdrew concessions tht had al-
reudy been publicly announced. The
discovery of new gold fields led to a
tremendous emigration, which left be-
in lhe near future, and that the rebuke to the despotic bureaucrats of
the United States government is clear
in the simple action of a foreign premier contributing support to those
workers and citizens of thts country,
which tbe Washington officials, hound
and persecute.
It Is not long since George Brandes,
another great European, stated that
America was thc most tyrannical
country on earth, with the least freedom for Its citizens.
Ah the trials in Michigan are scheduled to re-open during the coming
month, tt Is well that workers In' America uro ubo themselves to the danger
to their leaders and their own liberties whicb is seen so clearly by others
over the sea, Already the conviction
of C. E. Ruthenberg, now on appeal.
Indicates lhat the forces of reaction
Intend to do their utmost to put behind the burs many of the most activo workers In the American movement. The Labor Defense Council
culls upon all who can help to do so
at onco before the defendants have
to go into court to face the peril of
prison. Tbe Labor Defense Council
can bo addressed at 166 West Washington Street, Chicago, 111.
hind In the ranks of the British proletariat a gap that could not be filled.
Others of Iheir former most energetic
members allowed themselves tb be
corrupted by the bait of temporary
better employment and higher wages,
and "took existing conditions into account" in their activities. All attempts
to restore or to reorganize the Chartist movement, completely failed; the
orgns of the working class in the press
oen after another went under for want
of support from the masses and the
English working class appeared In
fact as never before to be completely
content with the position of political
nullity into which they had fallen. If
there hold been before no community
of action between the workers of Great
Britain and those of the European
mainland, there was now at any rate
a community of defeat.
And still the period since the revolution ot 1848 is not ylthout Its bright
side. Here we will reflect upon two
great events. After a thirty yeara'
struggle, conducted with the most
admirable persistency, . the English
working class were able by taking aid'
vantage ot a momentary split between
the landlords nad the money lords, to
get the Ten Hours BUI passed into
law. The great physical, moral and
spiritual benefits that the factory wor*
kers have received from this measure
of which one can flnd proof by consulting the half-yearly reportB of the
factory inspectors, are now recognized on all hands. Th emost of the
continental governments flnd themselves compelled to Introduce the English Faotory Acts ln a more or less
modified form and the English parliament itself is forced every year to
expanl their sphere of influence. However, putting aside the practical importance of these measures for the
regulation of labor, their remarkable
success has another still higher meaning. The bourgeoisie through the medium of Dr. Ure, Prof. Senior and
other wise men, had advanced the
statement ln their best known scientific orgnas, and had proved it to their
own complete satisfaction, that every
legal limitation of the working time
of English industries would sound its
death knell, and that it could only
exist vampire-like by sucking human
blood and especially the blood of ohlldren. In olden times child murder
was a secret rite of the religion of
Moloch, which was only practiced
perhaps once a year on the occasion
of great festivals, and above all Moloch had no express preference for
the children of the poor.
This struggle over the legal limitation of the working day raged all the
more violently, the more it, apart
from checking the greed of the individual employer, actually intervened
in the great antagonism between the
blind rule of the law of-supply and
demand, the political economy of the
bourgeoisie, and the principle of the
social regulation of production, the
political economy of the working class.
And for that reason the Ten Hours
Act was not merely a great political
advance, It was at the same time the
victory of a principle. For the flrst
time In the clear light of day the
political economy o fthe bourgeoisie
suffered defeat at the hands of the
political economy o fthe working class.
Yet a still greater victory of the
political economy of labor over the
political economy of capital stands before our eyes. We speak of the cooperative movement, especially of the
co-operative factories which some audacious "hands" without any other
assistance have established. The value
of these great social experiments
can hardly be estimated highly enough.
Through deeds and not by arguments
these workers have proved that production on a large scale and ln harmony with the progress o fmodern
science can be carried on without the
existence o fa ruling class, who employ a elass of "hands;" that to realize the fruits of Industry, it is not
necessary that the means of labor
should be monopolized as a means of
dominating the workers and exploiting them; that, Just like slavery and
serfdom so oIbo wage labor is only a
transitory, subordinate social form,
which ls destined to vanish before associated labor, which* will accomplish
its work with willing hand, vigorous
mind and cheerful heart. In England
the seeds of the co-operative principles were sown by Robert Owen; the
worker experiments on the continent
were in fact the practical outcome of
the theory, which Is not discovered in
1848, was at any rate then loudly proclaimed.
At the saime time the experience of
the period from 1848 to 1864 proves
undoubtedly (what the most Intelligent leaders of the working class in
tbe years 1851 and 1852 had already
thought of the co-operative movement
in England) that however correct ln
principle and useful ln practice cooperative labor is; still, while it Is limited to the occasional experiments of
narrow circles of Isolated workers, it
can never acquire the strength necessary to hold the geometrically progressive increase of monopoly in
check, nor to free the masses, aye not
even enough to lighten considerably
the weight of their mlBery. Perhaps
this ls Jbst the reason why some kinds
of aristocrats, philanthropic flne talkers of the bourgeoisie and even some
of the cunning tradesmen of political
economy have suddenly turned round
and are now in a dlsgUBtlng fashion
coquetting with this same co-operative
system, whtch they formerly though
vainly sought to kill in the germ by
scoffing at It ns a mere Utopia of
dreamers or by damsing It as a Socialist heresy. In order to free the
workers the co-operative system requires to develop on a national scale
and following from that must be furthered by national means. For their
part the lords of the land and the
lords of capital will continue steadily
tl use their political privileges for the
defence and perpetuation of their
monopoly. Instead of furthering the
emancipation of the workers, they
will aot so as to bring every possible
obstacle In the way.    It was spokem
Navy Serge Suits
Special $27.50
Made from a splendid quality English botany serge,
in conservative and D. B. models. This is a beautiful suit at a very low price.
Extra pants if desired.
Corner Homer and Hastings Streets
from the bottom of his heart when
Lord Palmerston, the defender of the
rights of the Irish farmers in the last
session of parliament exclaimed with
emphasis: "The House of Commons
is a house of landlords."
Therefore to capture political power
Is now the great duty of the working
class. This appears to have been understood for simultaneously in Eng-
lnd, France, Germany and Italy, indications of a revival are to be seen,
and in all these' countries attempts
at the political reorganization of the
workers party are now being made.
One element of success is possessed
by the workers—their great numbers.
But the mass can only bring their
pressure to bear when an organization
has gathered them together and given
them an intelligent lead. Former experience has shown how neglect of the
bonds of brotherhood, which can unify
and encourage the workers of the
various lands In all their struggles for
freedom to steadfastly stand by one
another, leafds to the punishment of
the workers through the frustration of
their unconnected attempts. Urged by
the knowledge o fthls need, workers
of various countries have on Sept. 28,
1864, at a public meeting In the St.
Martin's Hall, founded the International Association.
Still another principle inspires the
assembly. If the freeing of the working class of the vnrious nations demands their brotherly working together, how shall this great aim be
reached, while a foreign policy is carried on which is directed to the furthering of infamous purposes, arouses
national prejudices and In robber wars
squanders the goods and blood of the
people? Not the wisdom of the ruling class, but the heroic opposition.of
the English working class saved
Western Europe from the disgrace' of
sending a military expedition for the
perpetuation and extension of slavery
on the other side o fthe ocean.
The shameless applause, the sham
sympathy, or the idiotic indifference
with which the higher classes of Europe received the annexation of the
Caucasian mountain regions by Russia, and the assassination of. heroic
Poland; the monstrous, unresisted
encroachments of this barbarous power, whose capital is St. Petersburg,
and whose influence exists in every
cabinet of Europe, has taught the
working class that their duties in mastering the secrets of international politics, in keeping a watch upon the activities of their governments, and
when necessary, with all the power at
their command, counteracting such
activities. And when these designs of
the ruling class have been brought to
nought, the workers must come forward In a united fashion with the simultaneous demand that the simple
laws o fmorality and justice which are
considered right lh the relations of
private persons, shall be recognized
as the supreme law governing the intercourse of nations. The struggle for
such a forlorn policy is embraced in
the universal struggle for the emancipation ot the working class.
Urges Cut in
Railwaymen's Wag.
 (Continued from page 1)
"3.    That  working  conditions
railways be revised with a view to I
moving part at least of the loss ai
inconvenience to which the railwa
and the public are now subjected,
"Further resolved, that copies
this resolution be sent to the prin
minister of Canada, the minister
railways and canals, minister of labc
Sir Henry W, Thornton, president
the Canadian  National Railways,
W. Beatty, president of the C. P. I
all federal members of the Provira
of Nova Scotia, and all boards of tra<
and similar organizations."
Why Let George Do It
If you do not attend your unit
meetings and the other fellow doi
why kick. He is doing the best 1
can. Why complain because Geori
does it.    Why not do it yourself?
Ditiftppein *■ If by magic  when
ii used. Gnu palm, acid stomach, sour
stomach, burning and all after-eating distress relieved in two minutes. All Drug
NOTICE is hereby given that thc time
receiving tenders for building a fire h
at 36th Avenue and (.artier Street han be
extended to 5 p.m. of Monday, the 27th In
Municipal Hall, August 20,  1923.
Bird, Macdonald & Co.
401-401 KttropoUt-a BnlMlof
137 HutlDfi St. W. VASOOUVEB. B. O
-•Upton..: Seymour MM ud 0001
Hastings Park
Furthfr Xnforawtlon. Apply
Ptont S.y. 2390
9M Button Stmt But
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Rain or Shim
Upstairs at 653 GRANVILLE STREET
Fresh Out Flowers, Funeral Designs, Wedding Bouquets, Pot Plants,
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florals' Sundries .
Brown Brothers & Co. Ltd.
48 Hutinga Street Eut        2—STORES—2        SSS Oranvllle Street
Ser. 988-S72 "SAY IT WITH FLOWERS" Bey. 0513-1301
Fourteen Passenger and Freight Steamers at your service.
Calling at all Northern B. O. Coast Points, Lumber and Mining Camp
Canneries and Pulp and Paper Mills,
For further particulars apply:
Phone Sey. SOS


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