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The British Columbia Federationist Jan 2, 1920

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Array I
$2.00 PER YEffi
--       ■    .       ■■*       '*t/0-y
(Honored to Be a Spokesman for the Working Class
(Supporter Raised Three
Cheers for Russell and
Is Arrested
WINNIPEG,   Man..   Dea.   2..—
At 10:80 Saturday morning R. B.
1 Russell appeared  in court to receive  sentence.    The  court room
was  crowded with  sympathizers
and relatives, while also could be
observed various government ser-
> vants of all capacities,   The Judge
* naked tho prisoner it ho had any
I thing to say wby sentence of the
| court should not be passod upon
i him, whereupon Russell arose and
' aucclntly     stated     his     position,
I maintaining that calm and dlgnl-
^fled demeanor that has been one
of his outstanding  characteristics
throughout the trial.   He was positive to the last as to any criminal
Intent, and  briefly addressed tho
court as follows:
Russell  Speaks
*_     "tour lordship, I have very little
(Jto say.    Throughout  my  trial  I
have listened almost religiously to
the proceedings of this court and
1  feel   that   thc   court   has   not
grasped the real causo of my activities in the trades union movement.    I have been  unduly honored ln being named a leader in
a movement where there are no
leaders    but only mouthpieces.    I
carried out my instructions  from
the  rank and  file  in  the  move-
E ment aa a paid servant to the best
I of my ability and I feel that If the
I. court had permitted me to demonstrate my real intent during the
r strike,   1   could   have   convinced
,, every one  that  it was free from
r Anything criminal. I am a married man with a family, and thereforo can fool as a father. I do
hot understand the law, and stilt
less the procedure of the court
, I feel that If the court had gruspod
> the true conception of the trudes
L union movement, ln which there
are no loaders, but only lndivldu-
• ale acting for the rank and file, it
fi would have realized that I only
** fulfilled theso duties. I do not
i, think that I can say any more. I
Ji leave It to the court as to what
becomes of mo this time."
r       The  judge  passed  sentence  on
*y each count separately, being two
j years   In   each   of   the   first   six
counts,   and   ono   year   ln   the
■•,   seventh, all of which, howevor, he
|w stuted, would run concurrently, llo
considered the Jury to bo entirely
correct in the verdict they delivered and stnted It was fortunate
that Russell's Ideas had not been
acceptable to tho public and the
Jury    While he had no personal
_.   animosity to tho prisoner ho con-
K sidered his duty and acted accord-
W lngly.    Russell  took  the sentence
'calmly nnd bade good-byo to his
friends and his Wife who was in
A rathor enthusiastic supporter
of the accused raised three cheers
for Russell, which were taken up
by the crowd, right aftor tho court
had adjourned, and wns promptly
'■/.ten Into custody for doing so.
/ e exceedingly voracious newspo-
,Hr has lt that this enthusiast tried
to rescue Russell. He merely
raised a little cheor.
Labor School Christmas
Concert Was Huge
Dr. .W. J. Curry will be the
speaker at the Federated Labor
Party meeting in the Royal theater
next Sunday evening. Comrade
Curry will take as his subject
'Christianity and tho Class
Struggle." Tho doors open at 7:30,
meeting begins at 8:00 p.m.
The Labor School Christmas
concert held last Monday waa an
even greater success than tho concert held last Christmas. A report of ths concert appears in another column.
The attendance at the Labor
school for the last fow Sundays
havo been records and overy Sun
day sees several new faces in the
classes. The sohool meots overy
Sunday at 2:30 p.m. in O'Brien's
The next mooting of the Junior
Labor League will be held Friday,
Jan. 9 at tho club rooms, 52 Dufferln street west. This will be the
regular monthly social evening.
A report of the doings of thc
F.L.P. Debating club appears olse
where In this issue.
Russell Still in Gaol Waiting Decision on Appeal
on Points of Law
On Tueaday, Mr. Cassidy, K.C.,
leading counsel for the defence ot
the men arrested ln Winnipeg,
made application before Mr, Juitlce Metcalfe, for, the raleaae on
ball of R. B. Russell, pending the
result of the appeal which is being lodged against the conviotlon
of Russell on points of law. The
application was, however, refused
and Russell Is still in durance vile.
Strong feeling exists In Winnipeg
at the outcome of the trial and the
stumming up of Mr, Justice Metcalfe is roundly condemned.
Will Address Council.
Mr. J. E. Bird who has been assisting ln the defence of R. B.
Russell in Winnipeg, will address
the Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council on Thursday next. That
this address will draw a 'large
crowd Is certain, as the O.B.U.
council is open to visitors and all
members of organized labor.
The Land of the Free Is
Enforcing Freedom
With Rifle
The New York World has exposed a vicious social and Industrial order by sending one of Its
reporters Into the Ouyan coalfields
of West Virginia. "The only law"
this reporter finds, "Ib the,will of
the Logan Coal Operators' Association"—and that law Is enforced
at the point ot a rifle In the hands
of men nominally known as deputy
sheriffs/but admittedly tn the pay
ot the operators. Grievances get
Uttle attention and union organizers are not welcome, "No one
oomes into the Ouyan field that is
not appreved by the operators,"
says the World'B reporter, "No
one stays in lt that for any reason
Is objectionable to the operators.
And ln all cases the operators get
the benefit of any doubt."
The membership ot the Italian
General Confederation ot Labor,
whloh before the war was 150,000,
Is now just over one million.—Labor Leader.
^Speaker at S. P. of C.
Meeting Has Just Re-
turned From Teg
(      The  usual  propaganda meeting
* ^yill be held by the Socialist Party
of Canada on Sunday night at the
Empress theatre.
l J. Harrlngte^ who has just returned from Winnipeg, will be the
: speaker   of  the  evening  and  an
' sepecially Interesting talk can be
. expected from him.
It is to be hoped that the workers of Vancouver will fill the
theatre to capacity and begin the
New Tear by getting down to a
serious consideration of the social
system which Imposes upon them
iuch a weary struggle for the bare
necessities of life.   The past year
. has bcen full of trouble and anxiety
for the working class throughout
the civilised .world, and judging by
the evidence which can be seen on
i every side,  the coming year will
i,' bring no relief.
■.£   An  understanding of the capl-
■■* talislic system of production will
lay bare the cause of this condition.
So come to the Empress and get
wise.    Meeting  begins  at  8  p.m.
Questions aud discussion after the
O. B, V, Women's Auxiliary
The next meeting of thu Women 'a
.Auxiliary of tho O. B. U. will be
held in Boom 204 Labor Temple on
Friday, January 9.
_ The meeting that was called to he
[;> held on Friday tho 2nd inst., has
been cancelled and all membors are
requested to be present at the meeting on tho 0th inst., as election of
ameers will be held and various mat-
|> turn of importance will be discussed.
" imbors should make it a
see that the seoretary haB
-Address and any member
Pag her address should imme-
n notify the seeretary,
Lumber Workers Are Attempting to Remedy
Rotten Conditions
Some Improvements Have
Been Made in B. C.
Why are laws written and not
enforced? In the LiW.I.U. page
in the last Issue oil thc Federatlonist were given ooples of the
Health AcIh of different provinces
as written but which are not enforced. Now there were reasons
why those laws wero enacted, and
there are reasons why they are
not enforced. What are those reasons? Tliiti is a subject well worth
considerable discussion in every
camp throughout the country. On
the job those laws should apply.
They aro not entorced by tliowe
legally responsible for their fulfilment. And the man on the job
must get a thorough and clear
understanding of ihis question because his well being demands that
he shall do so. If the answer to
the question is not "camouflage"
and "profit" then what is lt?
One great cause for this organization coming into existence
was the attempt of tho employer to
re-introduce the 10-hour day in
those camps whieh had been operating on an 8-hour basis. The
8-hour is now pretty general
throughout B.C., but ln the pruirl
and eatsern provinces the work
day Is generally from daylight to
dark and then some; but even in
B.C. there is one class of camp
workers whose claims to better
working conditions has been to a
great ext.ent overlooked. This is
the kitchen and dlnlngroom staff.
Their day, oven in an 8-hour enmp.
is usually 14 or 16 hours and their
pay, like their other conditions,
rotten. It Is up to the convention
to take some action tn this matter;
it's up to the members in camp to
back the cook and his crew in
their demand for improvement
and It's up to those who follow tliis
occupation to see that the convention gives more consideration to
this matter than the last one did.
What about those blankets?
Have you finally decided that from
the New Year these are to bo U
part of the camp equipment in
stead of being a part of your pack'
It's up to you! Thtj boss isn't
handing out bouquets.
It Is reported that unauthorised
persons are going around professing to represent this organization. All persons are warned that
delegates and organizers carry
printed anil signed credentials authorizing him to represent the
Union. He also carries official
printed receipt books with trlpli
cate receipts colored white, pink
and green. Unless he can produce these credentials and give an
official receipt do not hand over
any money to him. Credentials
dated to expire Del. 31st will re
main good until Jan. 3lBt, previous
to which date new ones will be issued.
Some time ago several hundred
forms for reporting camp condl
tlons were aent to every delegate.
Up to date not more than 50 have
been returned giving the necessary Information, Unless the men
on the job give to headquarters all
possible information lt Is impossible that the office can In turn
give to enquiring membera the information they need.
There Is a strike at the Premier
mine, Stewart, In Frince Rupert
dlstriot, the men demanding that
the non-union oriental cooks be
dispensed with and also that better food be provided. These demands the company refuses to
comply with—Union men aot accordingly.
WorkerB should take notice that
the Canyon City Lumber Co., at
Oreston, B.C. la flooding tha country, particularly tha prairies, with
cards advertising for time makers,
(Continued ob {age I)
DURING SEPTEMBER, 1919, David Lloyd George, premierjof Great Britain, issued a message to the people of the old
land through the medium of a publication called "Thc Future." His message was as follows:
"Millions of gallant young men have fought for the new wotld. Hundreds of thousands died to establish it. If we fail to
honor the promise given to thom wc dishonour ourselves.
What does a new world moan? What was the old world like? It was a world where toil for myriads of honest workers, men
and women, purchased nothing better than squalor, penury, anxiety and wretchedness—a world scarred by slums and disgraced by sweating, where unemployment through the vicissitudes of industry brought despair to multitudes of humble
homes; a world where, side by side with want, there was waste of the inexhaustible riches of the earth, partly through ignorance and want of forethought, partly through entrenched selfishness.
If we renew thc lease of lhat world we shall betray the hcrote dead. We shall be guilty of the bascBt perfidy that ever
blackened a people's fame. Nay, .we shall store up retribution for ourselves and for our'children. The old world must and
will come to an end. No effort can shore it np much longer, If there tw any who feel inclined to maintain it, let them beware
lest it fall upon them and overwhelm them and their households in ruin.
It should be the sublime duty of all, without thought of partisanship, to help in building up the new world, where labour
shall have its just reward and indolence alone shall suffer want.
There arc others who hold the opinion that the "Old world must and will come to an end." There are thousands of Socialists
who hold this opinion. They are endeavoring, as suggested by„Jdoyd George, to follow the sublime path of duty in building
tlie new world. Bob Russell and those who were arrested with him, realized that the new order was about due. The only differenco between them and David Lloyd' George, is that Russell ;js in gaol, the others are facing trial, and he is prime min-
istcd of Great Britain, and he did not mean it, and the other fellas did, and worked for-thc new order. Not by bringing
about a revolution, but by educating the workers, that an that ai^ue was their crime. But, as Lloyd George has said, "Those
that would uphold the old world should beware lest it fall on them.and overwhelm them and their households in ruin."
A. F. OF L
Will Make War and Drive
All "Reds" Out of
Syracuse, N.Y.—If James P.
Holland, president of the New
Tork State Federation of Labor,
can help lt, the next two months
will see the weeding out of all
radicals now within the Federation.
This involves the job of getting rid
of some 6,000 to 0,000 "reds" now
Identified with A. F. of L. movement within this state; but Holland Insisted before the Annual
State Industrial Congress, In session here, that it is essential for
the prosperity of organized labor
that they be eliminated.
Washington, D.C—There le to
be no "boring from within" by
radicals In the organization of the
International Association of Machinists, according to action just
decided upon at a meeting of the
principal officers and the field
agents of the Machinists' union.
The heads of the union adopted a
policy that no member shall retain
membership in the union who Is affiliated with the I.W.W., the One
Big Union or any other ultraradical organization.
Perjury Case Brings Out
More Evidence for
First Semi-Annual Gathering of New Organization Goes to Teg
The call for the O.B.U. convention was Issued by Secretary
Mldgley on "Wednesday. It Is aa
Dear Comrade—The referendum
that has just been taken on the
cmestion of the date for the
O.B.U. convention, indicates that
the majority, ot the membership
leslre the convention to be held
an soon ns possible. The General
Executive Board therefore hereby
issues a call for the first semiannual convention to meet In the
Labor Hall, Winnipeg, Manitoba,
nt 10 a.m., Monday, January 26th,
The convention will consist of
representatives of Central Labor
Councils and District Boards on
the following basis of representation:
One delegato for 2,000 members
or less, and one additional dele-
Kate for each additional 2,000
members or major fraction thereof.
The transportation of delegates
will be pooled so that each delegate will pay an equal share of
the total cost of transportation ot
all the delegates,
(See Clauses 16 to 21, O.B.U.
The membership of any Council
or Board will be decided by tho
number of members upon whom
they have paid per capita tax and
any section desiring representation
should see that all their indebted-
ness for supplies, etc, Is paid up
to date.
While it is not specifically stated
In the constitution, It has been the
general understanding that Isolated units not under the jurisdiction
of a Central Labor Council or Dls*
trict Board would be entitled to
representation at the convention.
In the circular letter Issued
from this office on October 29th
we stated that thirty thousand
membership cases had been Issued
since the early part of July; and
during the last two months another two thousand membership
coses have been Issued, making the
total Issued to date, over forty
thousand (40,000.)
During the last two months,
while our opponents have bsen
singing ln chorus, "The O.B.U. is
Dead," i'ho O.B.U, la Dead," we
have been unable to get supplies
manufactured fast enough to supply ths demand created by ths
rapid growth ot ths One Big
Union throughout the country,
Tha trial and ssntenos of R. B
Russell at Winnipeg, and ths re*
marks ef the trUUvMft^M th%
subjsot of *rm*ch«* __*-*+ pic
ketlng, eto., hm fc—CT "
attsntton of tl* 1
necessity. 02 •/
"Actors" to Depict Lenin
and Rosa Luxemberg
in Movies
The following taken from the
daily press denotes the methods
that are to be adopted to oombat
Bolshevism by old country vested
Interests, It will be noted that
the actors are studying "Bolshevist Data." No doubt this has
been culled from the many lies
that have been spread about Bolshevist Russia.
"The British government Ib going Into the moving picture business. At Scotland Yard a party
of film actors are busy studying
Bolshevist data which the British
secret service agency has acquired.
One good-looking, slim actor was
absorbed in a photograph of Trotsky with a view to portraying the
Bolshevist dictator before the
camera, while another was similarly studying the beard and expression of Lenino. A very charming
though somewhat bizarre type of
Parisian uctress has been cast for
the role of Red Rosa.
Tho film has been written by a
member of the British secret service who has been through Bolshevist Russia and has ample material to aupply a thrilling scenario.
The whole Is being produced under
the auspices of the British government.
All the characters will be representative of the real Bolshevist
leaders, built up from the actual
situation of the men in the servioe of the British government
who saw ths revolution from its
The film, when completed, will
be released with the object of combatting the spread of Bolshevist
propaganda throughout the British
Evidently the workers in Fiance
are actively anxious to register tbeir
votes. Lsst week French seamen refused to sail from Marseilles because they wished to take part in
tho olection.
ganization to combat the aggressions ot the employing class; and
even tho governmental authorities
may learn that they cannot destroy a movement that li necessary
to the material welfare of the
workers by placing Its officers In
jail. The jailing of Russell Is a
dsnial of many of those things
whloh ws have tor long years
fondly considered our "rights," and
made all ths more imperative ths
building of a solid organisation of
ths working olsss wtlh a oommon
membership instead of craft divisions uuf^'mMfton ot
admlnUtrttlMi MWtft U «t* «M-
trol Of tha ■■■»Hil» * MMta*
Kolchak    and   Denikine
Forces Are Badly
All the following dispatches
taken from the capitalist daily
press point to the way the wind Is
blowing especially the last one:
Admiral Kolchak, head ot ths
All-Russian government in Siberia,
apparently faces a serious situation,
according to Moscow advices. Bolshevik forces, advancing eastwerd
along the Trans-Siberian railway
trom Omsk, former capital of the
All-Russian government, are said
to have captured Tomsk and Taiga
and to have occupied a number of
smaller towns ln that region. Ar-
mlral Kolchak and his cabinet left
Tomsk recently, retiring to the
east, but reports received here indicate the retreat of the All-Russian armies may be cut off as a
result of the action of the social
revolutionary elements which have
set up a new government at Cher-
emkovo, about 80 miles northwest
of Irkutsk.
It appears to bs all up with General Denikine, the Immediate hope
of those who wanted the Bolo
crushed. The Red army has driven
deep salients into Doniklne's front
'all the way from the Polish frontier eastward to the river Dot.
Denikine and his associate commander, General Wrangel, will be
lucky, ln the opinion of British
military critics, If thsy can sxtrl-
cate the remnants of their forces
The Polish offensive against ths
Reds never started. The cause Is
said to be the failure of the Warsaw government to secure the desired financial and moral backing
from London.
The following telegram from the
Times'' Warsaw correspondent
sounds Uke ths final despairing
cry of ths anti-Reds:
"It seems useless to close oui;
eyes to the fact that what remains
of the official class In Central Russia are serving the Soviet government loyally and have adopted the
new :regime as something which
gives them not only a livelihood,
but as much power and authority
as thsy sver possessed under the
Czar. As they accepted the situation and accommodated themselves
to the new conditions, so order
gradually succeeded anarchy and
the Red army from a revolutionary
rabble became a disciplined fighting force, stronger now than was
the Russian army before the revolutions.
Tho International Association of
Machinists have opened np an office
in Csnada with J, A, McLellsnd,
Canadian International rice president in,charge, at Montreal.
T* tl' liberty, «ft»:frcebun
mm, tmteg te Uvioo tke public,
Actions of A. F. of L. Officials Drive Workers
Into One Big Union
Over 1200 workers in the Fort
Hougo C. N. B. shops of Winnipeg
aro now members of the One Big
Union, The reason for this influx
is because of the action of the A,
F. of L, officials of Division No. 4
alligning themselves with the railway war board, and preventing the
workers from taking action through
their own committees.
All other Winnipeg units aro making steady gains. Tho Tailors, Cloak
Makers and Garment Workers Units
of tho O. B. U. have organized a
Needle Trades Council, Tho Garment Workers unit has just had a
satisfactory working agreement signed by the manager of Ladies Garments, Ltd. Thc O. P. B. Shops unit
has admitted 121 new members during thc past six weeks.
The metal mining camps of Northern Ontario are expected to fall into liuc ot almost any time. Information regarding thc O. B. U. is being sought and spread in the camps.
The railroad workors in the Port
Mann C. N. B. shops arc organized
ss follows:
Machinists and helpers, 100 por
cont.; blacksmiths and helpers, 100
per cent.; boilermakers and helpers,
100 per cent.; pipe fitters and helpers, 100 per cent.; carmen, 00 per
eent.; laborers, 100 per cent.; stovo
men also 100 por cent.
New York.—Trade unionists
throughout the country are watching with interest the struggle of
tho jewelry workers of this city for
a seven-hour day. Since September 23, somo 3,500 members ot
International Jewelry Workers'
union No. 1 havo been on strike
for the sole demand of a seven-
hour day. They havo lost almost
12,000,000 In wages. Theirs Is the
first strike In this oity for an actual seven-hour day. One reason
for the demand of tho workers is
their desire thut seasonal employment be done away with, but that
all jewelers bs employed steadily
under daylight working houra,
Message to Britain.
Copenhagen.—The All-Russian
Council of Trades Unions has
passed a manifesto thanking the
British Trades Union Congress for
Its resolution regarding Russia and
welcoming the decision of the congress to send a deputation to Soviet Russia.
Lord Leverhulme, the British
manufacturer, has announced that
the 180 employes of the Royal
Crown Soaip Company at Winnipeg
will be given the six-hour day
without reduction of pay. He said
the offer was contingent on the
attitude of unton labor In Winnipeg for their approval
Mounted Police Searched
But Found No Evidence
States Witness
The perjury case was continued
In the Vancouver police court on
Monday afternoon for a couple of
hours, several more witnesses being examined to show the falsity
of the statements made by the accused, Doursasoff and Roth, at the
late Immigration inquiry, at which
Chekoff and Zukoff, with Qthers,
are sentenced to deportation. Several more hearings will apparently be required yet; for the present,
the case stands adjourned provisionally till next Tuesday morning.
Bofore othor witnesses were called, the stand was occupied by Albert Goodatone, a local solicitor,
who specializes In translations. He
was called by the defending counsel to speak as to his translation
of a document put ln as an exhibit. Cross-examined by Mr, Rubinowitz, he remembered giving a
translation of the "Red Book," a
forbidden work, for possessing
which a Russian passing through
Vancouver in April last was arrested and brought before the
court. This had been put in before the Immigration Board, and
Roth had given a translation
which witness admitted was not
literally correct, Mr. Rubinowitz
contended that Roth's translation1
was totally misleading and unfair;
Mr. Reld contended It was not
nearly so severe as that of Mr.
Goodstone; and the magistrate demurred to having it discussed at
all. It was understood to contain
ordinary Socialist doctrine. It had
not been found In the possession
of the men concerned in the present prosecution.
As to tho so-called "revolutionary song" forming ths exhibit now
'under consideration, and alleged
to have been found In DeaoofE's
house by Dourasoff, Mr. Rubinowitz suggested'It was "Just a sort
of Marseillaise." Mr. Goodstone
agreed it was "good rhythm and
good writing In Russian," and he
wouldn't call it very bad poetry.
Mr. Rubinowitz read the English
translation aloud; it Bpokc appreciably of those "who fought In the
battle for righteous cause."
Mrs. AblafI was now further examined by Mr. Rubinowitz, and
confirmed the testimony already
given that lt was not possible for
Chekoff to have distributed papers,
etc., at Butaeff's pool room, as alleged, he being too sick at the
time. Nor could he speak Russian for five minutes.
"If that song was found in your
house, do you know who would
have put it there?"
"I never saw It."
"Did the Mounted Police make
a search of your house?"
"How long did they search?"
"Early morning till 7 o'clock."
"What did they flnd?"
"Lett ors ot mine and a Russian
dictionary. Tho Mounted Police
brought two sacks—and took them
away as they brought them. There
were four of them; they searched
Chekoff and Zukoff's, and the
other rooms."
"It wns said by Dournsoff that
thero were talks about revolution,
etc. How far from the police station is your house?"
"About one block."
"Dourasoff said he nover brought
ony forbidden Russian newspup-
ers to your house?"
"Ho brought lots of them."
"Whom to?"
"Me and my sister Mary."
"Dourasoff said he used to get
them from your house?"
"Not true."
Witness further stated that Che>
koff used to take his sjjort walks
about  one or two  o'clock  ln  the
(Continued on page 0)
Labor's Own Paper Startf
New  Year  With  a
Larger Circulation
With Support of the Rank
and File Should Have
40,000 by 1921
The Lumber Worners' Industrial
Unit of the O.B.U. has decided that
the B. C. Federatlonist shall in
the future be their official organ.
"The Worker" has, as a con.se-'
quence, ceased publication. With
assistance such as this from other
units of the O.B.U. it should not
be long before the 12-page weekly
paper Is ln sight. The circulation1;
of The Federatlonist is still climbing. Naturaly there was a little
falling ott when the new.organization was formed, but for the past
12 weeks there has been a steady
gain In subscribers and each week
sees the circulation Increase by
three to tire hundred, and the .
commencement of 1020 sees The
Federationist with a larger circulation than In January. 1919 by oyer
three thousand, and with the new
arrangements with the Lumber
Workers' Unit of tho O.B.U. this
will be again Increased by several
more thousands. Prince Rupert Is
also falling into line and the entire
membership of the O.B.U. of that
city will soon be in receipt of the
paper and It Is expected that Victoria wtll shortly follow suit. The ,
FederationiBt is looked upon as the
best labor paper on the continent,
and almost daily letters of apre-
ciatton are. received; this ensures
a continued measure of success' for
1920 and with energy and assistance from the rank and file, the
circulation should reach the 40,000
mark this year. The paper Is In
the control "of the members of organized labor through their representatives. Advice and assistance
Is at all tlnies welcomed by the
directors and management, and any
kicks or constructive crl^-'sm will
always be considered;- The ytar
1920 should see The Federationist
Increase In size and usefulness,
every member of organized lafcor
should assist in this objective with
the final object of a 'dally labor
paper, which never can be achieved
without the aid of the rank aiid
Transport Workers' Unit O. B. V.
The members of the Transport
Workers' Unit are again reminded
[that there Is very important business to be discussed at the next
meeting and all members are requested to make a special effort lo
be present. The meeting place has
been changed and the meeting will
now be held in the Loggers' hall;
61 Cordova street west, on Wednesday, Jan. 7.
A Question
If the "Gale" blows the "Kiik"
over In the civic elections, will
there be any arrests for destruction of private property.
Marine Gas Engineers to Sleet.
There will be a meeting ot Murine Gas Engineers in the Labor
Temple on this evening (Friday)
at 1 o'clock. All men following
this occupation ar* asked to attend this meeting.
Conservative Clerical
Party Meets Defeat
at Polls
In Belgium tho  labor party tins
scored a success which surpasses expectations. Ia thu new Chamber the
Catholics havo 80 members (againtt
"", the Socialists 05 (40), thc Liberals 35 (45), and othors 4 (i
the Conservative Clerics' ii
which has held power for 31
is overturned, partly owi:
operation of manhood sul
partly owing to thc widespn
of opinion towards the Left
Dr. Curry Addresses Olub
The programme of the Federated
Labor Party Debuting club meeting
was somewhat changed last •Saturday evening when the usual debute
was dispensed with and the club
heard an address from Dr. AV. J.
Curry. Comrade Curry took as his
subject "Christianity and the Class
Strugglo. He pointed out in his remarks that Christianity was not
Christianity that ii proached todny,
but that it was in tho flrst place a
working class movemont, and that
Christ wns tho leader of the workers
of his day. There was somo discussion after tho addles.
Tho subject to bo debated text
Saturday is, "Hesolvcd that During
thc Transition Period a Dictatorship
Of tho Proletariat Will Bo Xecc*-
scry," The meetings of the club are
held every Saturday ovoning ill the
labor party rooms, 510 Dominion
Building, at 8 p.m.   ;'
Labor Candidate for School Trustee
James Blackwood, a member of
tho Paintors and (Decorators Union
of tho city, Is a candidate for School
trustee in tKe coming election. Ho
has been endorsed by tho Painters
Union, as well as by the United
Servico Council, and tho Child WU-
fare association.
25ITS  1
twelfth tear. No. i   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST    Vancouver, b.
FEIDAT. January t,
Great January
Clearance Sale
Remarkable values in all lines of men's apparel
Arnold & Quigley
546 Granville Street
Free Delivery
Kot-a-Seud Raisins,  in bulk, Ib  25e
Finest Orange 1V1, lb  46c
Flnoit Lemon Peel, lb   46a
Nuw  Sunmaid  Knisins,  2  for   ...... 36c
Finest Currants, pkge -... SEo
Seeded Knisins, 2 for   3So
SI»Ut'»   Sliced   Streaky   Bacon,   per
lb. ..y  60c
Slater's   Sliced   Streaky   Bacon,   per
lb  66c
Sinter's   Sliced   Streaky   Bacon,   per
Shelled Almonds, lb. .
Shelled Walnuts, lb.
. 760
. 40o
Finest  Layer  Figs,   lb ,. 46c
       ■       ■■ .400
. 46c
Slater'a Sliced Boneless Bncon, per
lb  45c
Bister's Sliced Ayrshire Roll, per
lb „ ,.  6Eo
jjiuuy a jEiuvBb * uicajjiuti,  -  i«
All kinds cf Splc«, all flavors
of h*
No. 1 Steer.Beet Roast, lb.-..
No. 1 Steer Sirloin Rf-ust, lb.
No. 1 Steer T-Bonc Roast, lb
No. 1 Steer Rolled Roust, lb.
No.   1  Steer Pot Ronat,   up
lb _	
No. 1 Steer Ovon Roast, tip
No. 1 Steer Buttock Roast, lb
Slftb cake, by the ponnd ........ 36c
We have 1000 round 2-lb, beautiful fruit cakes; rog. 90c. Special
for Saturdar, each   76c
Alberta Cooking Eggs, do*  66c
Alberta Fresh Egga, dos  70c
No. 1 Alborta Fresh Eggs, dos. .. 76c
Oxford Sausage, lb  36c
Crescent Sausage, lb  2Eo
Finest Chopped Swet, lb,   SOc
Finest Beef Suet, lb  30c
There Is more eating In a ham
than i turkoy. We have 1000 of
the finest hams, weighing from 8
to 12 lbs., for Saturday.
Regular prico SOc lb. Friday and
Saturday special per lb -ZV_e
Wo have secured 600 Pork Shoulders weighing from 5 to 8 lbs.
each, nil governmont inspected;
reg. 85c Ib. Friday and Saturday,
special,   lb - -W.e
Finest Pure Lard. 2 lbs. for  76c
Finest Compound Lard, 2 lbs. for 05c
Finest Canadian Cheese, lb  380
Finest Beef Fat, lb	
Finest  Boiling  Beef,  lb	
. 200
. 160
Finest Sugar Cured Rolled Boneless Hams, weighing 4 to 7 lbs.;
reg.   .8__e lb.   Friday and Saturday special.  Ib ~ 43>/jC
No limit.	
Finest No. 1 Jonathan Apples, reg.
$4.00 box. Friday and Saturday,
box - M-M
Our finest Alberta Creamery Butter, Friday and Saturday, lb. 70c
3 Big Stores
123 HASTINOS ST. I! Phone Sey. 3263
3260 MAIN ST  .Phone Pair. 1683
830 OBANVILLE ST. Phone Sey. 866
Turner, Beeton
& Company, Limited
Dry Ooods, Oents' Furnishings
Factory organized under "United Garment Workers of Amerlcs"
"The Searchlight"
A Labor Paper published in Calgary, Alberta,
supporting the 0. B. U. and all progressive
Labor policies.
Send along your subscription to "The Searchlight,"
P. 0. Box 1S08, Calgary, Alberta
Highest Grade Mechanic's Tools
Martin, Finlayson & Mather Ltd.
45 Hastings St. W.      ::      Vancouver, B. C.
Present Day Conditions
Have Not Changed the
Goodwin Idea of
Footwear Quality
Our customers may rest assured that we measure shoe
leather value today, aa in the past—by the number of
months' wear and the satisfaction you get out of "Goodwill's Oood Shoes" for the reasonable price you are asked
to pay.
Goodwin Shoe Co.
Queensland  Labor  Government Introduces Unemployment Bill
Employment Fund Is Provided for—Employers' Pay
(By Francis Ahern)
From one end of Australia to tho
other, the kept press is howling its
wrath ut a measure to denl with the
unemployment problems, introduced
into the Queensland parliament at
thon end of August last by the labor govornment of that country.
This measure which aims ut insuring
workers against the tortures of unemployment, is an honest attempt to
deal with oae of those problems
wliich confront every 'country, and
tho storm of bitter invective thnt
has been aroused throughout Australia at the Queensland labor government's measure is the surest sign
that that government is on sound
ground^ when putting forward this
measure in the interests of The "bottom dog/'
Under the act an unemployed
council will be created consisting of
a minister as chairman, an industrial
court judge, tho director of labor, n
workers' representative elected' by
the unions, and an employers' -Top-'
rcscntativo elected by tlie employers. Provision is mado for the creation of an unemployment insurance
fund, into which every employer
shall pay an assessment of $10 per
annum per empoylco for tho prosent
year, and thereafter an assessment
as determined by the couneil. This
money will bo used for tho purpose
of creating work for tlio unemployed. Tlio government will tako to itself tho power to order and direct*
from time to timo, as necessary, that
employers shall do such things and
take such measures as will be effective for temporarily or permanently
reducing or eliminating unemployment within tho state or any part
thereof. Every ordor shall be complied with either forthwith or within such timo as shall bo specified.
The council is empowered to recommend relief work to reduce unemployment, nnd tho government
may provide the work or direct loeal authorities to carry it put, or
may direct any company, person, or
firm, whose incomo oxcecils 15 per
cent, of the capital actually invested in the business, providing tho incomo exceeds $50,000 in the ense of
a company, or $25,000 in the case
of a person or firm, to creato employment by investing moneys to tho
extent ordered in development work.
cither in connection with its business or otherwise, or to invest in
Government securities such amount
as is' specified. To enable local authorities to carry out relief work,
they shall be entitled to obtain loans
from tho government, notwithstanding any limitation on their borrowing powers contained in any other
act. In tho event of local authorities failing to comply wilh an order,
the work may be carried out by the
government at their expense.
Firms failing to comply with orders- may bo fined one-fourth of the
amount of tho money dircctod to be
invested. Power is to bo given to
tho council to inspect all necessary
books and records.
Provision is mado for the setting
apart of land for labor farms, and
tho appointment of overseers and officers. Any man who, in tho government's opinion, is normally unemployable, and unable to support himself, is entitled to be admitted to tho
farm, and shall be paid such wages
as shall be fixed, and this provision
shall prevail over any industrial
award. The sale of liquor on these
farms shall be prohibited.
Every unemployed workor shall
have tho right to apply to be registered, and if, aftor 14 days from
tho date of registration, he shall be
cntitlod to sustenance allowances-
ranging from $4.16 to $8.32 per
week—until ho is provided with
work. Objection on tho part of an
unemployed workor to become a
member of a union which enjoys
proforence of employment shall not
in itself constitute a reasonable ox-
etiso for refusing to accept work offered.
Tho bill further provides that no
person who goes out on strike shall
be entitled to sustenance allowance,
nnd that any person who goes out
on strike in contravention of the
provisions of tho industrinl arbitration act shnll not bo entitled to re-
coive an allowance within six months
after its cessation. But it is also
provided that the council shall havo
the right to review the disqualifications under either of the provisions
of this paragraph, and if they think
fit to remove such disqualification.
Workers covered by tho measure
shall be those of and abovo the age
of 16 years, employed in nny kind
of work. The act 'vill not cover professional men rendering services for
fees, or contractors, nor apprentices
nnd persons whose total earnings in
the proceeding year exceed $1800.
The anti labor class, such as employers, capitalists and wealthy folk
in opposing the measure present all
kinds of distorted objections. For
instance, (hoy slate that the government is f.iving an incentive to men
fo loaf. It. is ridiculous to suppose
thnt a weekly payment of from $4.16
to $8.8S will induce a mnn wilh wife
and children t,i loaf. Then It is asserted tlmt tho measure will lend to
"weaken lho moral fibre" of tho
race. This is nn old {jap, but now
worn rather thread-bare to bo of
much use. Hut if the master class
finds so much objection ip the measure thoy hnvo an ensy wny of remedying it—nnd thnt is by seeing to
it, that, large armies of men aro not
thrown ont on the industrial scrap-
heap by thom.
if is easy lo itndersfnnil why the
ci>pilalists aro (' alarmed'' at this
measure, as the kept press puts it.
Thoy ar(Talways alarmed nlien thoir
dividends are in jeotmnlv. Naturally, they assorl that it will "cripple
industry,*' but thnt h no reason why
the Queensland labor govornment
should be afraid. Every progressive
measure that   has   been   instituted'
-By the Prospector
, [Nemesis]     ij
Poetry is the highest iota of hu*
man expression and the true poet,
the inspired soor, yet poetry has too
often been mado the means of inculcating false ideas into the too receptive mind of man and injustico
and crimo often presented as glowing virtues in a rhythmic setting of
passable verso.
There aro many examples of this
prostitution of a divine gift to be
found in our classics today, but it
must bo remembered that it was human opinion which gavo them their
distinction and that human opinion
will ultimately cast off all such stuff
into that utter oblivion which
awaits so inany of our cherished
Peetry Is either manufactured or
it springs spontaneously from the inner soul of the poet, like the pure
chrystal stream from the earth's
dark strata. The manufacturer of
pootry, tho minor poet, can tuno his
jingling verse to any subject And
they, who read with their eyea alono,
flnd pleasure in his productions; but
the true poet expresses only that
which wells into his soul, inspirations which como from he knows not
where—perhnps In tho pulsations pf
the ether from the great thought-
centre of tho Cosmos. ■ .
As thc dealer in precious>gems can
detect at a glance the pure from the
spurious so the true lovor of poetry
detects the manufactured from tho
spontaneous-by the instant response
the latter generates in his.own be
ing. ; '• .
It was, I-admit, with some misgivings that I took up the dainty
little volumo bearing the title which
hoods this nrtiele; but sometimes
when we expect tho lenst wo obtain,
the most, and my prejudiced expectation of finding a mere platitudinous array of rhythmic .nothings.was
unfulfilled and to !my delight I found
I had-happened upon a little mine pf
golden thoughts, a .little" .treasure
trove of sparkling gems.    ,. ,,
The thoughts that are sent to us
through tho mind of the true poet,
are evor clothed in words of modest
simplicity, for love and truth disdain all ponderous and. twisted verbiage wliich would cloud their bchuty
and dim their lustre; anil tue language of our poet is charming in its
sweet simplicity and fittingly 'embodies tho messages of love' ftn'd hope
ho sends to us. ..'\ . \
I read the littlo volume "from sttirt
to finish and forgot in a 'd$f%htfnl
hour or so, tho moral wreckage of
this evil timo, its sorro^li aftd its
sordid strife, and was transported in
spirit to the great opon at$eosj pure
and undoftled, where :niriir can
breathe and God still reljfts.jI        \
I saw the deep rttvirfo w*)rh its
moss-grown boulders, prodiict^ of a
by-gone age; its ' clustering1 fern
fronds bedecked with a mVHaA liquid gems; its torrent'brh#llbfe and
blustering on its eager jourhd/lhomo.
I saw tho snow Innds iri>4hm mantle of dazzling purity; the ttjfctintnin
summits, split asunder by'tij*'wear
and tear of time and teirtpwft, towering above the clouds like defiant
symbols of things eternal, 'jt!
I saw the moonlight on the bhows
and the wraith-like motion »of the
mists in tho bosom of the valleys,
I saw the vault of night with its
celestial host of twinkling fires,
which cause the imnginntion to falter and to fail and inspire worship
in tho meanest of us.
I hoard tho passing of the-Storm
King through the valleys and tho to*
vcrbcrutions of his thunders among
the hills.
I folt the great silences where
words. are lost and thought comes
into the being liko an infusion from
tho hidden heart of the universe,
from tho great thought-centre itsolf,
I know nothing of our new poet
personally, but I do know that..ho
has caught tho spirit of the beauty
and tho glory of our Western Canada
and embodied it in truo and beautiful poetry. Out of the sixty to seventy pieces which comprise the Httle
volume I found not one which sank
into mediocrity but many that in
their simple beauty, originality and
true feeling, roso to tho heights of
first class poetry.
If I had the space at my command
I would like. to quote for our readers some of the pooms in their entirety, but must content myself with
giving a few of the stanzas:
In "A Doubting Thomas Returns
to His Faith," we get—
"I cannot but bolieve Thee true
Surpassing strong, surpassing kind;
And loving all earth's motloy crow
With deep, unfathomnble mind:
Ready to heed and grant the prayer
That asks no earthly power or pelf,
But careless of nil meaner caro
Seeks but a portion of ThyBelf."
Here in a spontaneous gem, embodying the truo spirit of worship
which knows no selfish craving, but
yearns to be mndo part of tho infinite knnwledgo and love of tha
Diety—tho ono logical prayer of humanity.
From "Tho Prodigal Renonts"—
"Tnke from  me  Lord  this stony
heart of sorrow; '' l^
Make plain the path before1 iny ^a"*
ing feet; 'r "*
May faith's clear   eye   discern   a
bright tomorrow,
When saints shnll   gather  ax   Thy
morcy seat." j1* *■
Hero is a soothing prayer ior the
heart, whoso faith is falter1ng!ln tho
materialistic chaos of those evil
From "Tho Prospector"-^- J
"Sinking at last from the Wse of
sight,       ' ■"'' ■'
Robbing my world of ittf'btirroff-
ed light, - —
Tho moon leaves all to the dark and
me— ull
Little want I to touch or to nee:
(Can the wreck of a burnt-out world
The soul that is ono with tho everywhero t)
Here in tho dark  alone  I   would
fin mo and of mo do all things seem-
The granite hills and  the  sighing
Are merged is ono with tbt plastic mind."
Here the true poet is revealed in
tho spontaneous flash from the Infinite in which ho discerns tho oneness of mind, mattor and law—the
absolute unity of all eroation.
From '' Trouble and Talk of
"Troublo and talk of trouble;
Systems shall change, shall melt,
In tho furnace wrath of tho Angry
Who centuries long, have knelt;
Hear ye the cries of terror
Break from the lips of the proud-
Loi many that ruled with an iron
Shall want for a common shroud.
From "The Passing World"—
"Old creeds  are   dying   like   the
That shrivel in the autumn wind;
Old semblance like old   form,   de
No longer the unfettered mind.
What crews ean savo the ships of
Engulfed in seas of war and hate!"
In the above quotations, the mind
of the poet, burning with indignation at tho injustice and the hatred
which rulo the world today, relieves
itself in the expression of prophetic
vision; and let Is not forget that
the prophocy comes from- somewhere
in the groat Beyond with which the
poet's soul is ever in unison.
From "Love's Astronomy"—
"Would that  you  and  I  tonight,
could fuso to a single star,    s
With the flame of a radiant love,
singing, creative, bent
On lighting tho trackless spaces of
ether, cold and far,
As wo raced through tho countless
ages on our cosmic song intent."
Here in this quaint conceit tho
climax of Move finds expression and
in the abovo poem and in '' Play Mo
Something DearoBt," tho lover will
find his inarticulate yearnings embodied in delightful phrasing, the
lattor poem being a perfect expression of the poet's highest art.
The apace at my command will not
allow mo to quote more but evory
reader of tho Federationist, who
loves truo poetry and who is conscious of tho wrongs inflicted upon
humanity by our prosont chaotic; -dying system, should- study "The
Builders," "Tho Inarticulate World
Awaits Its Voice," " Brothors
Rise," "How Much Longer," "Ot
Island of Dreams," etc.,-etc, and he
will find his own ideas re-clothed
and immortalized by the poet's master hand.
In "The Tale of the Moveable
Goldmine" our poet exhibits & senso
of quaint humor and gives an example of that innate nobility of
mind found only in tho clnss of non-
owners, whose fate on this planot
has ever been ono of struggle.and
woariness—a notable example of tho
working of the law of compensation.
Ab I said beforo, I know nothing
personally of our poet, but I sincerely hopo that youth is still Ik his
possession and that time, the educator, will still further expand his
responsible gift of genius and
strengthen the mysterious, subconscious vision of the poot in its
glimpsing into tho unseen.
Nature is over chary in her greatest gifts to humanity and tho truo
poet is sent to us but rarely and
should bo duly honored and appreciated in the long, dull intervals monopolized by tho eternal, tub-thumpers of mediocrity, who are our portion in our pulpits and on our public platforms.
League of Democracies to
Free Workers from
throughout tho world since the writer commenced to think wns going
to do thc same thing.
It does not matter whnt tho capitalists sny in pro'tpst of this measure, tlio fnct. remains that it will
relievo tho hardship of unemployment, and that without bankrupting
tho big moneyed interests of the
Australian slate of Queensland.
I'remicr Ryan, of tint stato—the one
outstanding democrat In Australia
today—is to be congratulated on tho
Attempt to Close Rand
School of New York
Is Failure
Moat of the newspapers that covered their front pages lost summer with accounts of tho raid on
the Hand School in New York,
and the proposal of tho Lusk
committee to closa tho plaoo and
canool the charter becauso of seditious activities, found no room
to chronicle tho collapse of tho
suit last woek. The caso wae flrst
called for trial in the state su-
premt court on July 30, at which
time the deputy attorney general
said lt waa not ready to proceed and asked for a postponement until Octobtr 16. Justice
McAvoy suggested a shorter Interval, but It was not accepted and
the complaint was thereupon dismissed. The attorney goneral aak-
Ld to have tht dismissal set asldt.
Justice Gavegan heard the argument, and last week denied the
request This probably ends the
case against the American Socialist
Society, which conducts tho Rand
School, It Is still possible to continue the action, but progress thus
far Indicates that tht Lusk committee haa no evidence other than
harmless publications which it
could have bought any day at the
Hand School book shop. Besides,
the committee has demonstrated
that Its mission Is not prosaio legal
procedure but spectacular action
designed to bully liberal opinion.
For this purpose the Band School
has lost its novelty,
Deputies, guards nnd othor attaches of the state prison at Tronton, N. J., have organized a.union
and have applied for affiliation with
tho American Federation of Labor.
They refine to discuss tho movo-
mont, excopt to say that something
must bo done to increase their pay
to a living standard commensurate
with prosent conditions. They got
$100 a month. A 25 per cent, bonus
has been recommended by the stnte
board of control.
Five hundred and ton men of
building trados are now on strike nt
Moncton, Nova Scotia, and refuse to
roturn to work until the 27 non-
union blumbers are either discharged
or signed up as members of the union. This trouble is confined to tho
million dollar Eaton building.
Labor Must Own Wealth
That It Produces to
Ensure Peace
The following Is a message from
Bob Smillie, BritiBh Miners' official, to American labor, cabled to
the Liberator:
Greetings to you, my American
comrades of all ranks of labor.
In view of the close of the greatest of all wars, ln which so muoh
blood and wealth have been so
recklessly wasted, It behooves tho
democracies of all the countries of
tho world to draw themselves Into
closer communion; first to ensure
the prevention of international
war In the futuro; second, to advance the industrial and political
freedom of the producing classes
ln all nations. In tho past the
workers of one nation have been
set off against tho workers of
another nation to prevent, this
communion, but in the futuro. lt
will be necessary to link up the
workers of the various nations so
that we may advance side by side.
We mny talk about a League of
Nations for a, generation, yet if It
Is only a league of capitalistic governments lt will mean nothing to
the common people of the nations of tho earth. What is really
required Is a .League of Democracies, strongly organized in each
country, to rid the workers'of the
curse of capitalism as we know
It today, and make the whole world
a fit place for free, men and women
to live in.
In Great Britain I believe that
the presont agitation for tho nationalization of mines and minerals
will be continued until we realize
our ambition. I do not think its
fulfilment will be,Long postponed.
The possessing classes realize that
the land, railways, transport and
other industries essential to the social well-being of the people will
follow. The fight ..will be a stiff
one, as capital is now fully aroused
and will spare no pains to thwart
tile aspirations of the common peoplo. It ought to be admitted that
mnny thousands of wealthy, educated people are on our sido,
though the vast bulk of the possessing class have no vision of tho
soul'of the nation or Its people and
cannot see beyond the continuation
of the present cursed system which
keeps the vast majority of tho people of every nation of the earth
continually on the verge of poverty in order that a few may be in
I understand that the mine
workers of America are moving
forward on similar lines and I
wish them Godspeed. I would appeal to the workers of America to
realize that until the whole
wealth produced by labor—taking
the word "labor" in its broadest
and truest sense to mean all those
who labor by hand or brain In
the production of anything that
Is essential or beautiful—is secured
for the common enjoyment of
those who produce It, there cannot be and there ought not to be
any rest from agitation towards
this end.
Preaident   Miners'   Federation  of
reat Britain.
The Lifting Curtain
_   of 1920 findf the Famous ready and eager to offer J
better valuei in ladies' garments than ever before^
The many ladies of Vancouver who Jiave worn our gar
ments during 1919 have our sincere thanks for thcir pat-J
ronage as well as the satisfaction that Famous clothingj
always brings the wearer.
Our Maker-to-Wearcr policy will bc continued during^
1920 and will still create marvelous opportunities for buy-|
ing ladies' garments at an exceptional saving.
We wish for all our patrons the best success and pro*|
perity the New Year can offer. ,
[By B. W.N.]
Tune: "A Warrior Bold."
In days of old, when slaves were
And planters held their sway,
A warrior old, a Kansan bold,
Rushed eager to tho fray:
This cursed thing, he cried,
Shall soon be set aside,
And slavery's rule, hellish and eruel
Shall hore no more abide.
Then what care I though death be
night; ,
I'll froe these slaves or diel
Now this old man, whose natural
Of life had nearly passed,
Raptured had been could he have
His dream come true at last;
When that bravo soul was slain
The world caught the refrain,
And John Brown's namo inarched on
to fame;
Ho had not died in vain.
Though sleeping in a felon's gravo
His soul had freed the slave.
And now once more tn0 *ttito is
And fierce the conflict sways;
'Tis Labor's fight 'gainst privileged
And slavery always.
What though the slaves be white,
Their bonds are just ai tight
And just as cruel is Mammon's rule;
It's power and groed and .might.
Then shout on high the battle cry:
Woll free these slaves or diet
Elected by Big Majority
After Getting 20-Year
Milwaukee, Wis*.—The Socialist
vote Increased 7,983 over that
polled In the same district for Victor Berger In November, 1818;
while the vote of the combination ■ anti-Socialist fusion "Be-
bunkcratlc" (as Oscar Amerlnger
called it) ticket decreased about
3,000 as compared with the total
anti-Socialist voto cast In 1918.
The local German language" paper, the lleruld—before April,
1017, known as Oor mania—appealed to all good German-Americans to vote for their "Stamgo-
nossc" (compatriot) Helnrlch
ttobenstab, and against Berger.
Higher prelates of all Churches appealed to voters to vote for Bob-
nstab. Politicians of all parties,
Imported from every part of the
nation, appeared to fight against
Berger, because he was not
'American" enough for them.
During tho campaign, federal
district attorney, Charles F, Clyne,
who had prosecuted Berger, threatened to revoke Merger's bail and
compel him to begin his 20-year
term at onee.
The Socialists made a clean, uncompromising campaign for revolutionary Socialism, Berger, again
and again culled for Socialist votes
to support the workora' government in Russia and pointed out
that votes for the Fusion would
be votes for Kolchak und Benekiu
and Judcnitch,
Givo a littlo eacouragement to our
"Bo suro yon'to right, thea
go ahead," is old advice, but
nuno tho less sound. To be*
gin tho year with at loaat the
resolution to havo sound tooth
ia an excellent beginning—
"boginuing right"—providing
tho resolution be firm,
"Oo ahead" in ono of the
greatest years of promise we
have had. Iii gin it with physical equipment as "right" aa
you can have it. Don't handicap yoursolf. Don't burden
yourself with resolutions unfulfilled. Put tho teoth in order.
Consult me ., Noon si yon csn—
make tht appointment si eirlr as
possible.   Reeuivo now and phone
Dr. Lowe
line Dentistry
Phone Ser. 5444
Opposite Woodmrd'l
Always Dependable
"Ask the,woman who bums]
u" (
LIMITED        ..    _
929 Main Street    I
Phones Seymonr 1441 anl US '
Greatest Stock of
in Greater Vancouver
Replete in every del
U HutUi• Itreet Wtrt
-CIDER-   "
ul Non-alcoholic winei of all]
For Union Men
Phone Seymour MB        I
Phont Sermonr 7169
Third   Floor,   World  Bulldlnf,   Venl
couver. B. O.
Premier Drury nnnounecs that he
has voluntarily reduced his own sal-
nry as prime minister and presidont
of tho council by $3,000. The salary
attached to tho position during tho
last year of Sir William Heart's occupancy of the office wos $12,000.
Premier Drury's salary la now
.9,000., Tho reduction dates back to
tho timo he took office.
Kansas City.—The jury in tho
trial of 27 mombora of tho I. W. W.,
charged with violation of tho
Eapionago Act returned a verdict of
guilty. Judgo J. C. Pollock passed
sontence on tho men, the terms ranging from three to nino years.
Workers' Liborty Bond Buttons
aro Issuod to every purchaser of a
houl. Have you got yours yet. Jet
behind a button anl show that you
nro WUlhig to help ail you can the
dofense of the —ttt arrested in Winnipeg.
fACU. U uta i~ iKlett We MEXICO. *
■ i.t.s.rit,,tm*~n„«t*u-.OMmi.c
lte "CONSPIRACY »C»INSTMlXtCO"le-•»«-,
t**, i» atr«uh-. Irw Ue .houldw. jl milt if T_tf_
IBM aed its ialtiuo .1 Ik. JESUITS t- 0***_
Cnk el ENCUnO'— AMEMCA. ■_
^OAmli te eenMr md kt ran t**r-*t W«l
'ailiS HIUSHIKC CO, <M TJHiMo* Snn, OJktl.il
rnte is.00 w loo, ill <u.i.. mem
mako good your advantago of
living in British Columbia, by
spending a couple of weeks
out in the opon. Wc offer you
a splendid selection of Fishing Tackle, Rifles, Cartridges,
Clothing, togothor with the
usual Camping llequiremonts.
The Completo Sporting Goods
618-620 Hastings Stroet West,
to. I
After a day's labor
than a
Bottle of
UNIT or THE 0. B. tr.
UNIT OF THE 0. B. tf.
$2.00 PER YEAR
News of the Lumber Workers Industrial Unit of the O.B.U.
50,000 in 1920.
. * Delghton's Camp—General conations very poor.   Food good, but
no bull cook.   Bunk houses poor,
lave top bunks, one Is built ot logs
and  on windy daya the draught
through erevlcea la enough to make
It difficult even to light your pipe.
Jtoee has been a month trying to
Ljballd   another  whioh, when completed, will   oontaln  single bunka
1 only.   At preient lt Is only frame
P'hlgh, ilia 11x30.   Qround and tlm-
ibar   good.     Boat   every   Friday.
Foreman    Folander    antagonistic.
.damp would be o. k. If fixed up,
_tai had a new foreman,
ANYOX, B. 0.
I Minora and Smoltermon—Camp
f letting well organised; at present
lover 600 O. B. U. membere, with
.lots Joining up every day. It'a a
hard camp for an organiser, aa tho
L eamp la full of atoole, some of them
[getting 14.75 per day and pay .4
Iper month for board. A few taps
"on the baek from the officials urg-
■ tag them to betray their follow
|Workers. Some of the aooommo.
Idatlon la good, but the bunk houses
lare t.c orowded, with double deck-
Ian. The organised men appeal tn
FaU workera coming to this camp or
I aay other mining camp In Britlah
■ Columbia, who do not carry an O.
1B. U. oard to join the Mine, Mill
land Braeltermen of tha O. B. U.
f Una up with the men, and help
| ttMm ln their light for better ao-
I oaaamodatlon, the atandard of
VwWch ihall ke deolded by tht ac.
Itaal workeri and not by (heir ex-
Wltoon'a Camp—Built new bunk
kheuiaa; condition! generally look
[like Improving; have a good cook.
house 80x40 feet, one skylight aa
ventilator, t|ie usual hay and poles.
Lota of "cooties"; a good place for
Olddy Robertson, labor minister, to
spend winter vacation,
Wldenater, Alta., North Weat
Lumber Co., Camp No. 1—176
miles north of Bdmonton - B. D.
A B. C. railway. Camp four milea
from railway. Camp under construction. Cookhouse 40x70 feet.
One bunkhouse built accommodating 82 men. All bunki double-
deck, two men to a bunk; three
skylights for ventilation, 1 window.
Inch hoards for flooring; pole
bunka hay bedding; second bunkhouse under construction, same size
ae No. 1. Grub second claaa moat
of the time. Meat lying around
yard. Kitohen crew sleep In the
kitchen; pood layout,
Blaine's Camp—Though the men
la Blaine's tie camp are 100 per
oent. organised, the oamp conditions are still very bad. The bosses promised many Improvements to
•ettle a. recent strike, but now that
the men are baok to work, the Im
provements are not materializing
very faat, so it Is up to the men
to keep right after the bosses until the eamp Is made lit to liv* ln.
At a meeting held on Deo. 10, a
resolution waa passed re alteration
In the situation of the stove, alio a
demand mada that the blacksmith
llno-up or roll-up. He rolled up.
'The man' awishea were compiled
with on these two matters, because
, they Insisted on It. The same Insistence is necessary to get the
promises fulfilled that were made
to settle the recont strike.
Del. 414.
Braebura,  AIM,, Buffalo Lakes
Limber Co,,  Camp No.  1.—Four
hundred   and   thirty-eight   miles
northwest    of   Bdmonton.    Small
outfit running on the 18th century
style;  sawmill and logging camp
combined;     70    men    employed.
Bunkhouses   60x30   ft.   and   12x20
'It.    One window  in  roof  which
^serves as a ventilator.   No baths,
dry raoke or accommodation for
ii washing.    Cook shack poor, grub
, medium at times, very seldom fair.
y ilnanielware and tin constitutes the
^ohlno nnd silverware. Half-starved
'homesteaders aupply the required
I labor power; they are at home In
;. a polo and hay bunk.
Hpllflrc Lake, Alta., Adair Lum-
»r    Co.—Situated    on    Grande
S Prairie, 80 miles from E. & B. C.
*ellwuy.   A real "hay-wire outfit,"
I Generally 40 men employed.   One
bunkhouse 26x30 feet, all lumber,
' three windows, no ventilator. Cook
shack  fair,  grub  rotten.    Health
> ami sanitary lawa and conditions
>nevcr been heard of here.    Men
' are obliged to walk 13 milea from
camp for time check, then 40 miles
. to ond of steel.
Whlteoourt, Alta., Caprel Lum-
.. ber tto.—Camp 50 miles from the
J C.N'.H.     Bunkhouse    16x80   feet.
V threo windows,  two skylights, ao-
™ commodatlon  for about  80  men.
t'Aii double-decked bunks, with two
' men to s. bunk and as usual poles
Hand hay.   Cook-house very small.
\ Three   sittings   at   the   mulligan
, table.    Grub generally rotten.
Horbniv,   Alta.,  iVnlx   Lumber
Co.—Camp  0:  Two  bunkhouses,
.40x79  feet  for  150  men..   Floor
made of poles.   Bunks of poles and
f hay,  double-decked, muzzle load-
ers.    Cook-houso  and  grub  fair.
| Ventilation and lighting very poor.
Camp 1: One bunkhouse, 16x20
K ft. for 24 men.   Pole floor, bunks
! of poles and hay, double-deokers,
l-men  bunki.    Ventilation   poor
ll «n,ly  ono  window.    Cook  shack
|i imall and dark, grub rotten. Meat
J lying    around    everywhere.      No
table cloths,   tin and  cnumelware
«»ed, which is badly shot.
Grccncourl Alta., Nortiieni Con-
ijlructlon    Co.    Camp    62—Flfty-
' eight   miles  northwest  of  end  of
i ateel C.N.R..   Four tents 20x20 ft;
I 11 men to a tent.   Two men bunks,
no double-deckers, no floor.    Tin
i dishes, grub fair.    General conditions absolutely rotten.
Lake   Saskatoon,   Alta,,   Wapiti
I River  Lumber Co,—Fifteen  mllos
V*eit and 18 miles south of end of
lf ateel B. D. & B. C. railway.   Camp
located on Waptti river; 50 to 75
ffmen when the drive is on.   Cook
'house 70x40 feet.    Usual tin and
I anamelware;  grub generally good.
I Two bunk houses 40x25 feet wln-
[ dews  and  ventilators.    Hay and
1 poles, two men in a bunk; lots of
[imall bed partners.   Oxen still in
[use here.   Paul Bunyon dead.
Grand Prairie, Alta., Argonauts
[ lumber Co.—Thla outfit is breathing tta last; 80 men working. Cook
hauie poor, grub rotten.    Bunk-
Ontarlo-Fort Francis District.
Conditions here are very bad in-
deed. One man, a returned soldier
stated ha had ahlpped from Winnipeg and wai Informed he would
be supplied with a single bed with
springs, mattress, blankets and pillow. When he arrived at camp
he found that the sleeping accommodation consisted of a couple of
dirty old blankets and a spring
mattress made of plank. He went
to the barn to get soma hay for
his bunk but was stopped by the
foreman. He, however, Instated
upon taking aome and, consequent
ly, was fired the next morning. He
Is wondering whether it would not
havo been better to have stayed in
thla oountry and fought for freedom and better conditions for the
workers here, Instead of going
"over there" on behalf of profiteers and Imperialistic autocrats
and having to come back and find
nowhere to lay his head and weary
bones except upon a plank mattress In the pig pens of the lumber industry of this eountry.
The provincial health authorities have been notified of the conditions existing and as a consequence an inspector Is now visiting
the camps. It remains to be seen
whether the government will make
any serious attempt to have the
regulations lived up to. If not,
then the organization Itself must
take the matter in hand and prosecute those who break the laws
which if enforced, would tend to
the health and well being of the
workers In the lumber Industry.
There surely li room for Improvement In the living and working conditions in this district,
more so than ln any olher that I
have been. The workera recognize
thla and are lining up splendidly.
In five days I signed up 200 members. Tho membership of the Fort
Francis district is now -well over
500, with the thousand mark well
ln sight.
Staple'! Oamp
Hold meoting on Docombor £7 and
elected C. F. Kennedy delegate.
Grievance committee: Ncls Quick,
M. Qillis, Loo Johnson. Camp oxecutive members to assist delegate;
Frod Bird, Chas. Bidor, Bart Cors-
eadden. Chas. Rider also to be
eamp   secretary.   Motions   earried:
Thnt collodion bo mado to pay
wagos to delogatos that attend convontion." "That mootings bo held
in oamp every two weeks." "Thnt
secretaries hold office for one year."
Act. Sec. CR31.
Striko Fundi and Others
Camp 4, Yahk, $46    to    Chase
fund; C. N. P. Lumber, Camp 2, 440
to district to help pay   wagos   to
delegates going to convention.
Liberty Bonds Sold
Stnplos Cump, $188; Crow's Nost
Lumber, Camp 2, Skookumchuok,
(40; Cnmp 4, Yahk, (139; Dam
Camp, Yank, (.15; Lindguost Camp,
Bull River, (S1.50; offico, (63. Remitted, (400. Still on hand, (Bti.
Monoy has boen sent in to dofenso
committee from somo of the camps.
John Corrie, Johnson's Camp, lent
in (80. Tho boys at E. K. Lumber
Company sont theirs to Winnipeg,
amount not known.
Tho spirit of unionism has been
shown in this district. Sovoral of
the camps aro noarly 100 por cent.,
and others are coining up in line. Tt
seems that some of tho employers do
not understand the way this organization is run, nnd some of them
havo tho foolish idea that there is
a head gink that tolls tho workers
what tbey arc to do (nothing like
it in our family). Wo aro just
united, and every membor ef our
little family has his say in all matters affffecting this organization.
When any employer gets out to look
for the fountain head of this organization, it is awfully easy to find,
for it is right at home. That meanB
that your omployoes are tho men
that are in control, nnd that anyone holding oflico in this organization ib tho servant of your emcees, so my advice to tho employers of tho Cranbrook district to
rocogniso tho Lumber Workers'
Union and meet your men.
Somo of you say that you do not
want outsiders to interfere with
businoss, neither do the members of
this district; but thoy want to be
in a position to attend to their own
end of the business. That is the
only kind of a mon to havo, for if
he lets his own business go to ruin
what would he do in looking sifter
your intorests!
The omployers of this district
have beon given a chanoe of recognizing their employees as union men
and dealing with thom direet, Aro
they going to do this, or do they
want to havo some outsider drop
into their camps and handle their
meat   Thcio is a lot of theie men
The condltlona obtaining In
camps ln the east years ago, and
In many Instance! today, wero and
are very bad. For example, men
were given a "tin" plate, knife and
fork, and required to cleanse and
keep these "tools" In their possession all tho time. If thoie things,
knife, fork, etc, were lost, the
worker had to aat hla food with
his Angers. The food waa of tho
coarsest kind, and lf any worker
wero to quit before spring, ha got
no wagei,
Tha sleeping accommodations
ware terrible. Conoelve a long
platform two feet above the
ground, and about aa wide aa the
height of an average man, upon
which all men were required to
sleep, a single blanket or quilt to
cover them. Aa thero waa not luf.
flcient room for tha men to He on
their hacki, the men had to sleep
on their ildes, so that, If ono "turned over," all had to do the same.
In many cases tha "pay" they
received ln tha spring was a cheap
suit of colthes and (20 or (80.
Many af those who quit before
spring got nothing at all.
Now, while tha conditions In
coast logging campa were never as
bad aa those In the Eaat, yet
few years ago lt waa a common
thing to ett "muzzle loading
bunki," that Is, bunka which hod
one had to crawl into "head flrat."
There were no mattresses, springs,
etc. These thingi only came after
agitation and itrlkei.
Tha camp ln which I wu working until recently, li an "up-to-
date" oamp; electric lights, modern bunk homes, running water,
dr houae, bath houie, ate.
All these Improvements In the
coaat camps wars due to the effect
ot organization, and they can be
maintained only by organization,
henco every union man should be
"active" In the camps ln order to
hold what we have, and to have
then conditions obtained In camps
where they do not exiat.
Minutes of Business Meeting Held Dec 28th
Minutes    of    previous    meetlngf   All    of    theae    demands    were
Final notice to camps to elect
their delegates to convention. Camps
with 60 paid-up members elect delegate, whoso transportation only will
be paid by the union. Small camps
can elect but must pay own transportation. Delegates convene at
headquarters, Monday, January 6,
at 10 a.m. Convention opens January fl.
Wanted—Address of Julius Easting who was in Frince Georgo district last summer.
C. Larson, who has a matter in
connection with Tierney's in hands
of lawyers, call at headquarters or
send address.
WANTED—The   address  of  John
Olson, faller and rigger, an ex-
service man, who was working at
Tack's Camp, Koy, B.C.
John Larsen, from Campbell
Biver, was admitted to the General
Hospital on the 24th, and died the
same day. He had been 111 for
several months.
Contribution to Chase strike, col.
looted by J. L. Peterson: Donations from Kamloops, $9.20; donation from peoplo of Princeton, $71;
Cranbrook sash & door camp, $67;
Boulder Creek oamp, Nelson,
$4; from members in Nelson, $6;
Summerland Lumber Co. At Alien-
by, $45.95j C. R. Lumber Co.
camps, Golden, $292; Construction camp in Princeton, $382.50;
members at Waldo, $8; members at
Cranbrook, $84.25; members at
Yahk, $44.(0; miscellaneous receipts, $6.
Mention tbe Tederationlst when
you mako a purchase at a store.
Son ting around, that do not even
belong to this organization, and are
only too eager to get into a
camp that is not recognized by an
employer as a union camp. Thore is
one thing, that if the employor gctB
ono of these men in hia camp he can
only blame himself for being too
slow ami narrow minded to see
through it.
The Lumber Jacks aro trying to
build up this industry. It ** plainly shown that thoy do not coto
about floating all over this North
American continent, and camps
that   have    good    conditions   the
Jacks" will stick with, and the
poor conditions in camps are responsible for making tramps out of
good, honest, hard-working lumberjacks. The only consolation that
tho poor devils havo, after working
in one of these camps, is that he
will mcot up with o. bootlegger or
run into a blind pig, so that he may
blot out what ho has lived through,
by the help of the rot-gut which has
taken the place of the good booze
of former times.
A few things to be gained by employers recognizing tho Workers'
Union, are:
Better men in this industry; loss
men in the hospital; which mean., a
saving of compensation funds for
tho country.
Less walkouts in camps; less of
tho large floating population, which
is caused by rotton cnmp conditions
which exist in some of the campa in
this district, nnd mako this industry moro solid.
Are thn employers of this district
ready to meet thoir employees t
—One Who Will Co-operate or Fight.
Notice    to    All    Members    and
On and after the seventh of
January, 1920 address all communications and make all moneys
payable to James L. Peterson, the
new District Secretary. Address:
Box 812, Kamloops, B.C.
were read and adopted.
Motion adopted: "That we hold
a closed meeting and that only
membera In good standing be admitted."
A motion "to refer to the general meeting a commun taction
from J. A. Grey, referring to safety appliances on logging trains,
was lost. All communications were
Hospital committee reported
about 50 men In the hospital, all
of whom had been visited, and
special attention was given them
at Christmas time. The Loggers
being the only Labor organization,
as far as was known, who gave this
regular and special attention to Its
members in the hospital, which attention was greatly appreciated by
the members benefited.  •
The Trades and Labor Council
delegates reported: "At the last
meeting It had been deolded that
ln the Interests of efficiency, the
various units ln the city should
amalgamate until such time as any
unit attained such strength as to
make lt more efficient; that lt
should carry on Its business alone.
Several units who favored the proposal had already made arrange-
ments for carrying lt into effect.
Organiser Labell reported he had
just arrived In town from Edmonton, and would submit a detailed
report to the convention. At the
camps of the Northwest Lumber
Co., Hylo, Alberta, where there
had recently been a strike, and,
where terms of settlement satisfactory to the men had been signed by the company, the latter had
not lived up to their agreement,
consequently, there had been further trouble.   The men demanded;
"That no union man be asked to
work alongside of non-union men,
after Tuesday, Dec. 28.
"That a doctor visit the camp
every two weeks; flrst aid men to
be always on the job to attend to
sick or injured workmen, and that
proper medicine be kept on hand
ln camp.
"That the company Issue bank
cheques to the men once a month
in place of time ceheks.
"That windows and ventilators
be put Into every bunkhouse, and
that provincial health bylaws be
complied with.
"That the bull cook be given a
helper In order to keep camp
"That another table be provided
In the dinnlg-room so that all men
can eat at one sitting.
agreed to by Foreman Walker on
Dec. 22, but on the 24th the manager arrived and dismissed 20 men,
and stated that if the rest of the
men were not satisfied, they could
get out, whereupon all but 13 men
out of 150, left the camp.
The men were provided with
three- sleighs to haul their baggage
and a box car was waiting to take
them, to Edmonton, about 86 men
and their belongings were piled
Into .this car, and the conductor,
aided by a policeman, collected
$4.70 from each man.
The company have broken their
agreement with the men, and a
lawyer will have to be secured to
collect the transportation for the
All reports were received and
The treasurer's report wai given
In detail, showing receipts since
laet meeting, $3538.60; expenditures, $2993.87, leaving a balance
ln the defence and general fund of
$4161.88.  Report adopted.
Under unfinished business, the
charges made by the Duncan Bay
strike committee against O. Neth-
erlee, John Dwyer, Chris Sennes,
Ernest Smith, Harry Sandick, and
Jason Titheborpe for scabbing, was
dealt with. Letters were received
from H. Sandick and E. Smith,
explaining their actions. It was
moved that those men charged
with scabbing at Duncan Bay be
suspended from the organisation.
Amendment—"That owing to his
expression of regret and promise of
good behaviour, that E. Smith's
name be not Included In the list
covered by the motion." Amendment lost, motion carried.
In reply to a question, the chairman stated: "That If any of the
men were dissatisfied with the action of the meeting, that they had
the right to appeal to the general
convention, and if at any future
time, tbelr conduct was such as to
warrant them being re-admitted
Into^ (lie organization, they could
theij Sflace their application before., the membership, who would
deal, wjth their application upon
Us merits.
Moved and adopted: That all
delegates be notified to inform any
member working by contract,
piece or bonus, that no one could
hol<|. membership card after Jan.
1 whilst «o working.
Motion adopted: "That all books
whioh have been lost from the lib*
rary.t be replaced."
Meeting adjourned at 4:16 p.m,
Contributions to Winnipeg Defense Fund
(Continued from Laat Woek)
Members at A. P. Lumber Co,,
Fort Alberni, as follows:
Swan Anderson 45, Wm. Lunch 45,
Olaf Bettingon 45, Fete Andorson $7,
J. E. Lomoino $5, Thomas Christie
45, Martin Clanscn OS, August Kru-
ger .10, Glenn Eanchett $5, Wm.
Mitzloff fl, C. Yavorsky jl, John
FoBtey ti, Petor Easiamink 41, Oeo.
Hubbard 42, Oeo. Eucinskas 42, Joo
Bothe (2, Joe Smith $1, Thos. Bichardson 02, Victor Guinot 42, A. W.
Youmans 01, W. Venables .2, C.
James tl, W. Naslund 43, C. Drummond 02 W. Deshaw $1, L. Laraen
ti, H. Waddell (2, H. St. Jacques
♦.75, C. Qustafson »5, C. Croponhoft
.2, Joo Droan 03, Oeo. Edwards 45,
Jas. Cullen .2.75, C. Horton f.1.
Members at Camp 1, Stillwater,
as follows:
A. Hodmen 45, P. E. Olson 45, G.
Sandborg 45, F. Hanson 45, A. Nelson 45, P. Johnson 45, A. Smart 45,
L. Daanst 45, H. C. Christianson 45,
F. Mortinez 45, Gus Pearson 45, Olo
Olson 45, 8. Hedin 45, H. Johnson
45, J. Anderson 45, Carl F, Peterson
42 IDon Pratt 42, H. Holkkonen 45,
F.'Wcstberg 45, C. W. Carlson 45,
W. Wiseman 42, D. Munro 41, John
Boitan 41, W. Johnson *2, Wm.
Smith 42, W. Shinty 45, W. Lawford
42, A. T. Eennedy 41, Jos. Lindsay
42, Jaa. Donahue 42, G. Lnckott 42,
J. Burns 41, M. Durkin 41, W. C.
Tucker 42, W. Holman 42, Dave
Lindstrom 45, Fred Joknnson 42,
Emil Berg 42, Boy Toung $5, Chris
Alstrom 45, J. F. Ferguson 45, B. J.
Foasoy 45, Stephen Tallion 42, Goo.
Wilson 45, W. W. Webster 45, E.
Lako 45, W. B. Dickie 41, W. P.
Ditmar 45, S. Nolson $2, John Bichardson 42, 42, 41i Tom Heffron 42,
H. Donker 42, A. Eoch 41, Charlio
Whithito 45, W. A. Lovell 42, H.
Wadsworth 42, P. J. Cyr 41, Jnek
Wait 45, O. E. Hastinga 45, D. 8.
Campbell 45, Mrs. H. J. Campboll
45, W. Christian 41, A. B. Mellbcrg
45, A. Barugham 42, M. F. Eclly 42,
Miko Sack 42, J- T. Thomas 41, P.
A. Nelson 42, J. Hojberg 42, E.
O'Brien 41, Joo Minnette 42, Charlio
Wassgren .6, Charlie Walker 45, E.
J. Martin 41, E. L. Mofltt 41, H.
Atkinson 41, Oscar Motson 42, Joe
Green 45, S. Pnlz 42, .T. Ewart 45,
C. Loilee 42 F. Blow 45, F. Graham
45, Mike Steffarin 46, B. M. Killop
42, Oscar Ellcngson 42, S. Dadson
45, A. Aaton 45, O. F. Stnsok 45, A.
Nysoronr 45, H. Copolnnd 42, Chas.
4A. Sandcn 41, Erny O'Brien 45, M.
Malone 42.
Members at I. T. Camp 4, Campbell Biver, as follows:
B. McLeod 42, Mrs. M. Hogan
42.50, G. McLeod 42, Hazel Jonos
42, Laura Keillor 42, H. Niekola 45,
Owen Whito 46, Phil Walsh 45, C.
Bussell 43.50, John Kramer 41, A.
Proctor 45, K. Johnson 44.50, Gust
Johnson 44.75, M. McCharlea 45, J.
Hoicka 45.50, H. Nosbitt 45, Carl
Peterson 45, Chris Gilson 45, Thos.
Bobby 44.50, Ole Talmson 43, Fred
Thiele 43, Frank Barkas 45, S. Palmer 48, L. A. Barbour 40, Jos. Schaf-
fer 43, J. Aleshin 43, Fred Maikin
45, J. Patania 43, W. Johnson 45,
J, Mackie 45, S. Johnson 45, H. Kan-
gas 5, P. A. Pearson 45, J. Minoff
43, E. Ogolling 45, Y. Winberg 45,
Chas. Dahl 42.50, C. Beck 43, M.
Dcchorck 44, Gust Carlson 44, O.
Henningsen $5, Adolph Anderson 47,
C. Larson $4.50, Jas. McKay $5.50.
Ed. O'Donncll 46.50, P. Harambouro
46.50, S. McEachoru $3, A. Wollin
46.50, J. Lorery $4, J. Ordognr 45,
C. Englund $4.50, F. Perttur 43, N.
Laztan 44.50, Jos. McDonald 46.50,
M. Takalo $3, M. Pembroke 44.50,
Dan Long 44.50, Gust Miller $0.50,
Fred Cyr, $5, W. Surgcnor 48.50, J.
F. Beaten 44, W. Hayes $3, H. Harris $3, Dan Donahoe 43, J. S. Morgan $5, J. Kusha $6.50, D. Laubuchcr
5, J. Johnson 45, J. Koski 45, Andrew Magusson 45, Geo. Addison 45,
John A. Anderson 45, A. Muir $3.50,
C. Marmon 4, O, Fortius $2.50, James
Pollock $4.50, A. Thompson $0, N.
D. MoLomon 45, W. B. DawBon 43,
J. Murphy 43, J. O. Campbell 43, F.
Eubyk $3, J. W. Nosbitt $4, O. Gibson $4.50, Wm. Ruthven $3, Jan
Luskin 44.50, Jai. Mclntrue 48, V.
Stillmaek 46.50, C. Ablitt $4, J.
Smith 43, P. Eggo, 43, Sam Graham
46.50, Ben Loft 44.50, H. Archibald
43, J. Hilbr 45.50, A. Acslin 43.50,
J. L. Hutchcson $3, Joo Lcman 44.50,
R. Jinkcrson 43, Peter DeWett 43,
J. Sandison 44.50, T. Ncsbitt $4, J.
Elof $3, Miki Hudcn $3, L. Hudcn
$3,,L, L. Taylor 46, Jack Eoirdnn
45.50, C. H. Farrer $3, 8. H. Lowes
44, J. Seaman 45, Ncsk Olson 44,
Carl Borg 44.50, E. O. Sturnt $3, Harry Kilet 410, C. MeDougall 45,
Adolf Johnson 45, T. A. Prior 43,
L. Sokulson 42, H. Huland $6.50, Allan A. Macnnb 45, John Binkus 45,
D. S. Mnclnnis 43.
From Camp 2, Headquarters, as
Henry Wain   42,   Joe  Tinto   41,
Cranbrook, B. C J. H. Thompson...Box 18
Kamloops, B, 0 A. McKenzie Box 812
3 Victoria St.
Merritt, B. 0 Andrew Dickie Box 8
Nelson, B, C R. Barrow General Delivery
Princeton, B, 0 R. S. Baxter Box B
Fringe Oeorge, B.0...F, Knowles Drawer 20
Frince Rupert, B.C...J. H. Burrough ...Box 833
Victoria, B, 0 J. Stevenson 1424 Gov't Street
Edmonton, Alta C. Berg 10333—101st St.
Prince Albert, Sa»k,..W. Cowan 108—8th St. E.
Sudbury, Ont T. Mellowi Box 600
Sudbury Hotel
Port Arthur, Ont R. Lockhead 281 Bay Street
Fort Francis, Ont J, M, Clarke Box 390
Webster Hall
[By Frederick A. Blossom]
The advantage of time work over
piece work !» not apparent to all
workera at flrst glance. Tht pleas-
ant surprise of an occasional "big
pay" deceives many of ue to the
harmfulneas of the piece work system. If we will study the question,
however, we will come to see that
piece work Is ono of tho worat
slave driving devices and that it
haa all the evil features of auch
discarded profit-making schemes
as the four-loom system, besides
many special disadvantages of its
Piece work forces the worker to
labor at top speed, exhausting
himself. At. the end of each day,
he Is "all ln," as the expression
goes, whloh means that all his life
energy has gone Into the boss's
bank account. Piece work also
encourages rivalry and jealousies
in the shop, preventing strong organization and thus playing Into
the boss's hands again. It leavea
the worker In doubt as to how
muoh money he will get In his
next pay, thus keeping him
chained to his job by tho precari-
ousness of his existence,
Piece work keeps the wage scale
down, by allowing the luckier or
more skilled workers to earn more
than the othera and furnishes fictitious figures for use ln the newspapers, before arbitration boards
and as a wlll-o'-the-wtsp lure to.
the other workers, who, Instead of
demanding decent wages, strain
themselves trying to equal the
earnings of the "pace makers."
Piece work makes the worker
stand the chief loss from accidents
unfavorable weather conditions,
defective machinery, poor material, bad job organization or
other conditions for which he is
ln no way to blame and over which
he has no control. Worst of all,
piece work stimulates over-production and thereby hastens the
day of unemployment.
In spite of Its superficial attractions piece work has no advantages for the workers. It is a
trick of the bosses to speed up the
workers, keep down wages and Increase profits. The intelligent
workers In every industry are opposed to lt. They realize that a
wage scale based on the hour week
or day tends to unite the workers
more solidly, stabilizes their income, lessens the pressure under
which they work and, by placing
the loss from Interruption on the
employor, forces him to organize
his plant so as to givo steady employment.
Time work also, like the abolition of overtime, reduces over-production and thereby postpones the
periods of unemployment inevitable under the capitalist system.
With time-work, the "alow down"
system becomes possible ln cuses
where lt Ib needed to bring the
boss to his senses.
All Intelligent fighter* ln the
class struggle everywhere should
work unceasingly for the abolition
of piece work as a hindrance to
effective organization and action.
Smcdley 41, Alee Echoh 41, Jack
Dorick 4L A. E. Bourne 41, Frank
Pagura 45, A. Thorburn 45, Ncls
Gronseth 43, H. Wilson 42, O. Nusi-
talo 42, S. Bodnar 42, Sam George
42, Otta Nelson $2, J. K. Juno $2,
Joe Ganthier 42, Geo. Bobinson 41,
H. Zurnivick 41, E. Enkowick 41,
B. S. Ottenscn 41, P. Soronson 41,
H. Lankkanon 41, J. A. Fletcher 41,
Y. Uha 41, G. Punno 41, A. Wntkin-
son 41, A. Sobohuko 41, Joe Scduc
41, Nels Ovorson 41, Joo Arnolly $1,
Cros Yadzeuko $1, C. Romnnccii $1,
J. McCall $1, W. Borden $1 Frank
Thomas $1, Albort Phyo 41, A. H.
Johnston 41, Robert Bead $1, G.
Zammond $1, Sam Gladish $1, J.
Sampson 41, L. Bpcucco 41, Sieve
Bow 41, W. Filpatrick $1, J. D. Mclnnes $1, James McDoan $1, O. Ny-
quist $1, J. Nylandcr $1, Otto Mat-
son $1, ID. Campbell $2, T Thompson
41, S. Carlbcrg 41.
From Camp H, Hock Bay, as follows:
John Henry 44, W. Sawchuck $5,
G. Whito $2, S. McKinnon 42, S.
Murphy 42, W. Muller $2, G. Kennedy $2, E. F. Moshor $5, F. Crick-
shank 45, H. Flopham 42, W. Wilson
45, Jas. Duggan 45, G. Fionllo $5,
H. Sathcr 45, W. Wallace $5, M.
Gustavson 45, Jas. Meban $2, W. A.
O'Ncil 45, A. McDonald $2, C. Smith
$5, M. McLeod $5, Monks $5, A.
Mitchell $5, A. Pcmbroko 45, C.
Coupllcld $5, J. Kelly 44, J. Campbell $5, Engencss J. Groy 43, A. Intcs
45, Matvcnk 42, Kleves $2, A. 1).
Bcgg $2.
From Orford Bay Co., Eozor Island, as follows:
H. Grant $4.75, V. Izzo $5.75, B.
Steele $5.50, J. S. Pollen $8.35, Thos.
Martin $5.50, Thos. Wai son $5. Ed.
Andorson $2.50, Olaf Hokanson
40.50, Y. Popell $4.75, J. Modern
$4.75, Axel Carlson $7, J. Alexander
$5.50, Axel Anderson 44.75, (ins Hill-
grcn 46.50, M. Bush 45.50, S. l.nrsen
46, L. F. Abrahamson $5.75, J. H.
Carman 45.75, K. Btromborg $0,
Frank Sivinglis $2. Tom Pickering
4850, Miko Patau $.1.75, F, S. Pagan
$8, 0. Cornell $5, C. Hoggins $4.50,
F. Groves 41.50, L, Erickson $5.50,
Goo. Kinzil $5.50, F, T.owis $5.50,
Jos. Gdonpins $5, Ivov Bather $5.50,
Bert Bawsnn $5.50, Peter Ht. Ililnire
$5.50, Chas llarris $5, Gilbert Gochor
$5.50, Chas. Puqucttc $5.50, E. Shaw
From Operating Camp, Rock Bay,
as follows:
Miko Murphy 45, Daniel Field $5,
W. Hansen $2, J. Strulhors $2, W.
.Toffory 42, B. Ke.yoa $2, ,T. Bristow
$2, W. Bussell $2, J. Ashton $2, R.
Long 45, J. Rogers $3, W. Coinstock
41, Gus Johnson 41, Olof Sjodcn 41,
D. Munroe $1, Capt. C. T. Johnson
41, H. McKinnon $2, W. Kconun 42,
K. Hngan $2, W. Struthors 42.
From Smith Dollar Camp, Union
Bay, as follows:
J. Armstrong 45, A. Pooling $1, F.
Johnson 41, M. Gaody 41, O. Garda-
ehuk 42, J. Beeves 41, John Mc-
Gready 41. Howard Clase $1, John
The following is a copy of a communication which has recently come
to our hands, for which it was not originally intendod. It shows conclusively tke blacklist now in existence against active union men, end
demonstrates the necessity for the worker to build up an organization
which will put thoso responsible for such methods out of business—blacklist for blacklist:
"Loggers' Agency, Limited,
"Herbert Hicks, Manager,
"Labor Department, No. 1 Powell St.,
"Vancouvor, B. C.
'"Dear Sir,—As most of tho camps will elose down for thc holidays, and
somo of thom possibly for the winter, deponding on tho weather, thia department suggests that you forward a discharge slip to this office for eaeh
and overy man who leaves camp, Stato tho length of time he worked for
you, job he has filled, and any remarks you may wish to mako regarding
him. If you expect him to return to your camp when starting up, it may
be well to mention it. When you start up again after the holidays, or
later on, you can forward the namo of tho mon you havo secured (other.
than through this office) on one of the larger forms, and we will make
the rogular notation on our card systom regarding same. As you know,
when closing down for any length of timo, no matter how short, thoro
will be somo men who will fail to return to camp as expected. That
is the reason we want the above information, so that we can keep
eheck on a man that fails to return.
"Kindly give this matter serious consideration, as it is very important.
It will enable this department to bring tho card system right up to the'
minute, which gives us a line on tho Bala. This is the quiot season of
tho yesr. Now is the timo to do it. Enclosed please find additional small
pads for the above purpose.
"Trusting that we shall receive complete reports between now and tha
New Vear, wo beg to remain,
"Yonrs truly,
"The Loggers' Agency, Limited,
"(Signed)   H. HICKS, Mgr."    .
The following is a copy of the slip referred to of which pads were
1 Powell Street,
Vancouver, B. C,
Nationality  left oamp today.
Worked months days.
Remarks „. " „.
Camp No. 	
Olsen 41, Leo Lindquist 45, W. Nur*
mio 41, A. Still 45, J. B. Johnson 42,
Y. Meyer 41, G. McGillivray 42, G.
Olofson 45, N. Olson 42, A. Courto
45, G, Erickson 42, A. Eung 42, G.
llimberg $2, Oscar Alund 42, Adam
Paatraski 42, F. E. Haslewood 42, E,
Prior 41, H. Tuakka 42, Axel Halm
45, J. Fagerhalm 41, C. Lyson 41,
George B. Pyko 41, E. Halm 41, H.
Green 42, O. Johnson 41, Fred Johnson 41, Chas Algara 42, A. Wick-
Strom 42, A. McKay 42, C. Jensen
41, V. D. Martin 41, A. E. Gustav.
son $1, W. B. McKinnan 41, E. W.
Reeves 42, V. Renstrom 42, J. Me
Pheo 41, S. Ryder 45, W. Prior 42,
A. Janos 41, Walther Campbell $1,
H. Gilbcrtson 41, H. Dchod $1, F.
J. Peterson 41, P. Mars 41, Dan Gil-
lis 42, P. Johnson 45, C. A. Callins
41, Carl Smith 41, M. O. Keefo 41,
Albert Farlin $1, McCalino 41, C.
Carlson $1, Gus Nolson $1, Joe Short*
ridgo 41.
From Camp at Stillwater, as follows:
Tom Mericklo 45, J. Craulcy 45,
D. Lundstrom 45, C. G. Diaper $5,
A. Stewart $5, W. Little 46, O. Jackson $2, O. Jackson 41, A. Broks 42,
A. G. Morrison 42, A. G. Morrison
41, Goo. B. Pratt 42, B. Baidsiolf 42,
D. O'Connell $1, L. Finn $1, L. Finn
From Dumarcs Camp, Wellbare
Channel, as follows:
A. A. (Dillon 45, J. Paul 45, A.
McKinnon $5, V. E. Postoll 45, V. S.
Mcrsercau $5, Louis Farr 45, H. Cur-
roy $5, S. Fair, N. Bibch 42, W. J.
Doron $2, N. Perros $2, C. Robago
$2, F. Bremer 42, A. E. Provincial
42, A. Halomc $2, G. Springer $2, J.
Tile $2, O. Dnneilson 42, R. Siider
42, .Too Rush $2, Charlie Watnon $2,
H. Cameron 42, Joe Bonnovillo 42,
J. Winlrip $2, John Mortoll 41, Wm.
MoMahon 41, J. Konnright 41, B.
Locke $1. W. Hodgins 41, J. Brooks
42, J. Gillis $1, J. Binks 41, A. Fin-
berg $1, Wm. Mittior 4L Magnis
Kikilona 42. W. Bunting 41, W.
Thompson $1, A. Joklnor 41, P. D.
Cameron $3, J. Jerome 41, M, Okrai-
nctz 41.
Contributions from Saw Mill, Port
Alberni, as follows:
E. Olsen $1, W. Konnclick $1, O.
Rommel $5, F. W. Carson $2, C. T.
Apoml $1, 0. Ropuszka $1, H, H.
Hart $1, J. B. Hogin 41. F. Alii $1,
D. Kearney $2, C. Morris $5.
Contributions from Mninland Cedar Co., Thompson Sound, ns follows:
Fred Jalmosor $5, O. O'Monro $5,
W. Eatyk 42, J. Acker 45, A. Mc-
Ceil $5, W. W. Pass $5, M. Pcderson
$5, E. Spcrry $5, A. Woillii $5. E.
Snaro $.'1, E. O. Roberts $2, F. J.
Kanes $5, J. Mydo $5, H. Robinson
45, 11. James $3, Mm. Cowling $5, 0.
Englund $5, J. Caswell $5, H. Per
son $4, B. O. Olscn $5, C. Johnsen
Contributions from Engs Camp,
Rock Hay. as follows:
Victor Kollor $5, Wm. Perkins 45,
Albert Sttcltland $5, Otto Yorsinan
$5, Charles Bedford 45, Fred Green
$5, Win. Atkins $2, N. Morgcsin $2,
Albort Swanson $5.
Miscellaneous contributions arc us
J. Grieiler $7, Friend 44, W. McDonald $1.50, Emil Kown $10, Oeo.
l.orden .15, H, E. Green 40.
Contributions of 45 each, as follows:
Will Long, K. Ferg. F. Erickson,
James Friend, A. L. Johnson, S. C.
Hannah, C. O. Hunllov, A. Wnllin,
A. McLeod, A. Float, Tto VnsililT,
J. Simpson, J. H. Owen, V. Doyon,
J. Woods, Otto Larson, J, Cowie, A.
Crnig, E. l.ndry, Tom the Tailor, E.
I.eRoy, John Gustafson, Gus Bixell,
J, Nelson, A, Carlson, Miko Bins,
W. J. Brown, Frank O'Connor, .Too
Grace, Albert Anderson, Carl Johnson, Eli Masse, E, Lamp!, Martin
Kruehins, Petor Cotter, F. Williams,
P. Johnson, Chas. Johnson, Yves
Leitterdy, Al. Lawiin, A. Carlson,
J. H. Hnnoy, M. Bailey, Tim Soil,
Chas. Kolly, Paul Cameron, W. D.
Hnmmill, D. Olson, O. N. Larson, J.
W. Wilbur, Olaf Johnson, Miko Lo-
ret, L. M. Christiansen, J. Pierson,
Bert Simpson, Otto Bring, M. Inkus,
Ncls Johnson, P. Mnler, E. Jay, Wm.
Biley, A. Steolo, P, Felix, James
Contributions of 43 each as follows:
W. Dating, J. O. King, J. Choice,
Geo. Mooro, 8. Olsen, W. J. McCoy,
B. Bakes, K. Fareth, Malcolm McLeod, W. Waterman, S. Cobb, H.
Contributions Of 41 each as follows:
Friend, E. Undor, M. Sanders, C.
Hartman, L. Paulson, E. Linden, J.
Sehmid, P. Kuyzan, T. C. Cassidy,
C. Lindberg, Wm. Kaseh, J. Gallagb-
oi, Harry Hodge, L. Benel, W. McDonald, Steve Gavin.
Contributions of 42 each as follows:
J. A. Cameron, T. Sherebueff, J.
Bossitcr, J. P. Murphy, J. Styobcrg,
J. Lipowick, C. L. Smith, T. Tollak-
son, Dan Nolson, lYank Jako, M.
Ryan, A. W. Crowcr, Thos Chri'stcn-
son, P. Burkland, C. Petorson, Phil
Hnrling, Ben Ogale, L. Tivcti, J. G.
Higgins, F. Kanlkan, J. Matson, K.
Swanson, A. W. McDonald, Mike
Bannon, Ed. Morton, A. Allman, ©.
O'Brion, B. Adams, J. Johnson, W.
Mechan, John Erickson, Jos. Donaldson, G. W. Johnson, John Mclnnis,
Joe Kccnan, H. Kemp, C. Hanson,
orl Johncr, A. Fait, A. Friend, E.
Lindberg, Jen Taigcn, R. Martin, H.
Jefferson, Jas Barr, P. Lindstrom,
John Urquhart, Charles Abou, John
H. Puzoy, T. St. Clair Scott, W.
Jones, Jas. French, Louis Schultz,
Oscar Weik, Chas. Johnson, T. Smith
H. Funk, A. Kcllnnd, H. McGillvray!
Contributions to Central1 Striko
und sinco Novembor 10:
Members of Drurv Inlot Camp,
494.25; R. Adams, $2.'  Total, 490.2I\
Contributions to Chase'Strike fund
sinco Nov, 25:
Mombers nt Camp 5, Ladysmith, ns
follows: T. Webb, 42.05; Herman
Cnrlson, 42; E. Haapala, 42; Wm.
Johnson, 42; A. Morkson, 41; J. Lon-
drosB, $2; W. J. Duno, $2; Barsnmon-
apn, $2; A. Tansor, $1.50; E. .Tork-
sen, 41; A. T. Altor, $.1.50; lt. J. Gar-
mas, 50c; E. McCallum, SOc; R. Sher-
bin, SOc; A. Chisoln, $1.50; J. Jalia,
$2; Anlio, $2.50; Giccolo, 41; Orossv,
50c; J. Sat, $1; Leo Bow, 41; Ch"u
Tong, 50c; Ca'chny, 50e; Ostrcvitch,
42; Stargrsak, $1.50; Nivnii, $1;
Cloke, 41; J. Storr, $1.60; O. Larson,
$2.50; D. M. Fni.wr, $2.50; Gus Johnson, $1.50; A. Nelsoi, $1; Timothy;
41.50; E. Cloke, $1; R. rolloek, $i;
ll. Davis, 41; 8. SoVorson, $1.50; T
Hardy, 42; Jack McLean, $1
sege, $1.50; Salo, $1; Gollau, $1
froil A. Johnson, $1; C. Russl
B. Carmlchaol, $1; Mvatt Lako^
Thos. Rcilly, 41; D. O. WilliamB,
$1.25; B. Adams, $1.
Contributions to tho Worker fund:
O. Rcnand, $1; Fred Upit, $4. To-
tal, 45.
\ Delegate's (hil-cnim Slocking
A surprise was sprung on the
delegate from Camp 3, Rock Bay,
last week, when he was requested
to attend an informnl meoting of
the members from that camp now
in town. They wished to show their
appreciation of the kindly feeling
evidenced by the action of his fellow workers, and assures tbem that
ln the futuro, as in tbo pnst, Ills
whole-hearted endeavors will be
directed toward advancing tbo
Strength and well-being of tbo organization ond through it the working clasa movement.
Camp Delegates
Camp condition reports are
nifain being mailed to all cainps.
If you have already made, your report out, do not heed, lf not, send
in at once; important.
If you are not receiving Tho
Federatlonist regularly, notify
WANTEDAddress  ot  Hurold  W.
Published every Friday morning by The B. C.
FederationiBt, Limited
Hu  B.  WELLS Managor
Dfflcei   Labor  Templo,  405 Dunsmuir  Stroet.
Telephone Seymour 5871
Bubscribtion Rates: Unitod States and Foreign,
$2.50 per year; Canada, 42.00 por year; to
, Unions subscribing in a body, $1.50 per
member per year.
Unity of Labor: The Hope of the World
..January 2, 1920
SEIZED and committed to tbe penitentiary on the orders of Senator Gideon
Kobertson, and A. J. Andrews, K.C, who
later was chief prosecuting attorney
[(which appears to us to bc a scandal on
tho administration of
WAS justice), in an effort
JUSTICE to break the general
UNFETTERED?    strike  in   AVinnipeg.
Later condemned and
abused by a virulent and capitalistically-
kept press. Pro-judged guilty by Mr,
Justico Metcalfe, the trial judge, before
the jury had rendered its verdict, in one
of the most bitter arraignments that was
ever uttered by a judgo in summing up
a case, Bob Russell, active Socialist, and
trade union official, was last Saturday
sentenced to two years in Stony Mountain penitentiary. Not only in labor circles, but in all walks ef life, there is a
general feeling that justice has not in
this case been unfettered by political expediency.
The summing up of the trial judge has
sent a thrill of apprehension through, not
only progressive labor men, but into the
minds of reactionary officials of the International trade union movement. Men
who are at the head of that movement who
to date have kept silence, now seo that
thc whole structure of organized effort
on the part of the workers is threatened
by the sentencing of Russell on the charge
of seditious conspiracy because he took
part in a general strike, whioh after all
is the final and only effective weapon in
the hands of labor in any vital struggle
when the workers arc facing the encroachments of capitalism. It is true that thc
Btrike was the most effective that has
ever been called in the Dominion. It is
also true that no eight, or eighty men,
oould have called that strike, it is also
true that it was called in the effort to
secure collective bargaining, which the
minister of labor himself has stated cannot be arbitrated, and thc war board of
the railways of Canada recognized collective bargaining as a sound principle in
1918. Yet we find that Mr. Justice Metcalfe in his summing up brough't in the
industrial disputes investigation act, and
instructed the violation of this aot as a
reason why Eusscll should be subjeot to
the law. This, by the way, is the second
time on record that this act has been invoked against workers or employers, and
employers havo been just as guilty of infractions of this act, and even more so
than has labor. Under section 222 of the
Criminal Code, which was quoted by
Justice Metcalfe.
"Every one is guilty of an indictable
offense and liable to one year's imprisonment or a fine who commits any common
nuisance which endangers the lives, safety or health of the public, or which occasions injury to the person of any individual. 55-36 V., c.29, s.192."
Another, section of the Criminal Code
cited by the trial judge in his summing
up was section 499, which states:
"Every onc is guilty of an offense punishable on indictment or on summary conviction before two justices and liable on
conviction to a penalty not exceeding one
hundred dollars or to three months imprisonment with or without hard labor,
(a) Wilfully breaks any contract
made by him knowing, or having reasonable cause to believe, that the probable
consequences of his so doing, cither alone
or in combination with others, will be to
endanger human life, or to cause serious
bodily injury, oV to expose valuable properly, whether real or personal to destruction or serious injury."
If strikes can be defined as breaches
of the sections mentioned, then it will in
future be impossible for any man or number of men to striko no matter what injustice they may be suffering under, and
the liberty of workmen, small as it has
been in the past, is taken from them, and
they must become more enslaved than
they have ever bcen. Evon the un-
progressive and conservative trades unionist sees the danger of the situation,
if the Winnipeg trial result is to be a
precedent for further criminal actions
against strikers, and realize that the
strike as a weapon to fight intolerance
will be a thing of thc past. As a result
instead of slopping Ihe progressive movement, the incarceration of Russell will be
the rallying point for the workers, and
thoy must and will become more active
than they have ever been in the past. Ono
of thc most conservative labor men in tlie
west having already openly advocated a
general strike against the result of the
trial. Wc do not go this far at present.
From the commencement of the trouble
in Winnipeg wo have taken the stand
that American capital has played a large
part. We still contend that not only was
the striko brought about by the large financial interests of tho country, which
are of necessity dominated by American
capitalists, but that thc infamous amendments to the Immigration Act were passed at the instigation of thoso American
interests, at the time of the strike, when
the Dominion government was negotiating a loan with U. S. A^financiors. There
are other signs that would tend to
strengthen this opinion. We have a minister of labor who is demanding and attempting to drive the miners in the Crows
MiDAY January 2, 1920
Nest pass and Drumheller coal fields to
join the United Mine Workers, and even
Mr, Justice Metcalfe in his summing up
cited American legal decisions as to what
was seditious, although the crime of sedition has been abolished in the U. S. A.
since the Declaration of Independence,
and referred to laws of the II. S. A.
to prove such acts as wero performed
in Winnipeg were seditious. Ho claimed
that Socialism was seditious because it
preaehed internationalism, and dd not believe in a national patriotism. Collective
bargaining under certain conditions was
also laid down as being seditious. Never
in the history of this country, never in
the history of any British Dominion, or
in the history of Great Britain herself has
there bcen such a momentous issue raised.
All that has been looked upon as liberty
of the subject is in the balance, and there
is little to wonder at in the amount of
genuine concern that has been raised as
a result of tho first trial in Winnipeg.
Thc day of stool pigeon and spy has
arrived in this country. Every aspect of
the Winnipeg situation from thc days proceeding the strike, to the methods cm-
ployed in securing evidence and tlie arrest of the men until the present moment
smacks of American capitalistic methods.
Arrested and taken to Stony Mountain,
as the men were—although it is known
that the provincial authorities refused to
start proceedings—the Dominion government stepped in and the methods used
bring back memories of the railroad methods used in the II. S. A. in labor cases.
A comparison with the methods used by
tho Dominion government in tliis case
with the methods employed by the U. S.
A. government at Washington in the forcing of the coal miners back to work, and
the Adams and the Russell cases will provide interesting similarities. The employment of stool pigeons and spies reminds
us of the Moyer Haywood and Pettibone
eases, and the methods used in the country to thc south of us, and which until
the Winnipeg case have never bcen previously adopted under tho British rule.
Surely the ruling class of this country
might well take heed of the Words of
Lloyd George when he stated that those
who would uphold the old world had better beware lest it fall on them and overwhelm them and their households.
Knowing tho opinions and tho activities
of the leading counsel for the prosecution,
Mr. A. J. Andrews, K.C, his connection
with the citizens' committee whieh was
controlled by the money interests of the
community of that city, the real leader
of which was tho second counsel for the
prosecution, Isaac Pitblado, K.C, we cannot wonder at tho attitude assumed by
the prosecution. But in view of the attitude, adopted by the trial judge, who, in
summing up, as already stated, attacked
thc accused and pre-judged him guilty
before the jury had rendured its verdict,
which must havo affected tho jury to a
great extent, and which, by the way, it
is alleged, was carefully selected from
a jury panel whoso opinions wero fairly
well known by the prosecution, we can
only wonder if Mr. Metcalfe was a priest
of justice, or if his associations with the
legal talent employed in the prosecution
had anything to do with his appointment
to sit on the case. Wo can also wonder,
in view of his repeated references to his
duty, and his painful duty, during his severe condemnation of the accused in his
summing up, whether his opinions had
not been gathered from his associations,
and from his reading of the daily papers,
instead of from the evidence prduecd by
the prosecution. Stamping tho evidence
as he did with his own personal and evident antipathy to the associations of the
accused, his remarks must have had much
to do with the attitude of a jury which
was selected from the well-to-do agricultural population, and which has little use
for industrial disputes, not having tho
viewpoint that can only be gathered by
men who are daily in contact with industrial life and situations.
» # »
That the sentencing of Russell instead
of being a blow to organized labor, will
be tho toscin for thc rallying of thc progressive forces in all sections of tho community there is little doubt. Bob Russell
in the penitentiary is more to be feared
by the ruling class than when he was free
to spread thc gospel ot discontent against'
the present system of society. The incarceration of all the known speakers iu thc
Socialist movement could never stop that
movement, as fast as thoy aro arrested
new ones will take their places. All thc
decisions of courts, whethor they bc the
decisions of judges or juries cannot stop
the progress of tho human family. Tho
path may be strewn with thc wreckage
of many human beings, but progress the
human race must, or perish. The Winnipeg trials will go down in history as the
commencement of a real working class
movement in this country, that will not
be stopped by any kind of repression, by
any kind of intimidation, or by fear of
tho consequences of the acts of the working class. The population of this country
is largely imbued with ideas of liberty
and justice that have come down through
long generations of British connections.
The anarchistic methods of the American
ruling class will never bo tolerated in
this country or we miss our guess in our
estimation of the people of this Dominion.
Today, instead of Canada being looked
upon as a democratic country, it is now
being placed in tho minds of thc working
class of all lands, both of late enemy,
neutral, and allied countries, as being a
land where justice is blinded by class interests and by class definitions of patriotism. Thn workers of all lands havo heard
of tho fate of Russell, they will note and
mark this incident of this new country.
Similar incidonts in their own countries,
will bring to them tho message of tho international charaoter of the working class
movement much quicker than could Russell by any utterances which he might
have made in his efforts to bring about
a change in the systom of society under
.which we live. In tbo meantime Canadian
labor will rally to the challenge thrown
down by the government of this country,
when the right of collective bargaining,
and to strike, was attacked first, byo .the
arrest of the eight men in Winnipeg. If
as Mr. Justice Metcalfe says, the creating of dissatisfaction is seditious, then the
government of this country can stirt. in
at once and build plenty of gaols, for the
longer capitalism lasts, so will tha nieas-
ure of .discontent grow, and the number
of those preaching it, along with it, Discontent has been the mainspring of the
advancement of the human raee.      i.
As a last effort for tho old year the
Vancouver Daily Province became almost
frantically verbose over the adverse ex
change rate, and the amount of goods
which aro imported into this country from
tho U. S. A. It has much to say about the
want of confidence in onc another that
exists, and the fear that prices will drop,
At the conclusion of a mass of verbiage
which means nothing—the editor of that
paper, being specially gifted in the use
of words without saying anything—it
sums up the situation as follows:
"What was needed last year and the
year beforo is still more needed now,
This is confidence in the future, confidence in each other and co-operation. People should cease looking to governments
to do for thom what ought to be done
and can be done much better by individual initiative, courage, enterprise and industry. Opportunity is waiting and in
viting. There was never a time in the
history of Canada when there was' a bettor chanco for capital or industry than
there is now."
Will thc Province inform us just what
individual initiative will do for the hungry man without a job? Will it tell us
what courage, enterprise and energy will
avail the returned man who cannot find
the means whoreby ho can earn his living? Will it tell us how these qualities
of tho individual will secure work for the
thousands that are out of work throughout the province by reason of the closing
down of industry owing to there being no
demand for those things which were in
considerable demand during thc war period? We ave aware that there never was
a better chance for capital than at present. That is to secure cheap labor by the
closing down of industry, and bringing
thc workers to the verge of starvation,
If wc were to suggest a remedy for present conditions we should be considered
seditious and subject to arrest. But,.being used to being called hard names and
subject to abuse, we are inclined to tako
a chance and pass this information onl to
the Province. There never will bo peace.
There never will be plenty. There always
will be unemployment and all the suffering that it entails so long as tho individual has to trust to his individual enterprise
and industry and courage and all that
bunk, and only when the means of life pre
collectively owned, will there be pepco
and happiness for all. Class ownership
of the means of wealth produetion lind
that alone is thc cause of all thc trouble
in the world at this date. It is not confidence we need, but the common ownership of the means of production, and the
abolition of thc profit system that rests on
human slavory. The problem will theu be
solved and not until.
Now that thc military forces of the
Russian Soviet government have demonstrated that they have the situation in
control, press dispatches indicate another
line of attack is to bc made on Soviet
Rusaia. Tho latest move being to presage another Napoleon arising in Soviet
Russia, to again menace thc peace of the
world. There is one thing sure and that
is, if the allies or othor nations leave
Russia alone there is littlo danger of them
being attacked. The only difference between Russinn opinions and outlooks, and
those of tho allied nations, is that Russia
is a co-operative commonwealth with a
system of produetion for use, and the allies are still under the competitive system. The only reason for war at any
time has bcen plunder. Russia has cut
out thc plunder game, and the peace of
the world will never be broken by that
country if left alono.
Tho provincial government is contemplating new election laws. Naturally this
has caused sonic little speculation as to
the working of sueh legislation as would
make it easier for tho workers to vote
than heretofore. One of the provisions
which aro to bc mado in tho now act, will
be for thc absentee voter. The Vancouver
Daily World sees in the proposal as outlined by the premier, insurmountable obstacles. This should cause no surprise, for
any capitalistic newspaper will see obstacles in enything that will givo the workers the right to exercise their franchise,
while at thc samo time calling them to
"use constitutional methods." Tho P, C.
Federation of Labor has repeatedly asked
for tho extension of tho franchise < to
workers who are now denied this right
owing to tho migratory naturo of their
occupations. Not only has this organization asked for these changes to bo made,
but the officers have outlined how this
could bo dono without fear of fraud or
undue trouble on election days. The method suggested, and which we pass on to
the government is as follows: Any duly
qualified voter, registering in any electoral division, should bc given a certificate
of such registration which should bear thc
voter's signature. Thc production of this
certificate, at any election at any polling
booth, would cntitlo the voter to vote in
the constituency in which he is registered.
To prevent fraud, tho voter would only
havo to bo asked to sign his name in the
presence of tho returning officer, failing
other identification, such as identification
by any qualified public officer, such as
police magistrate, or other publio official.
In the event of proportional representation, and the grouping of constituencies
being adopted, thc same method could bc
used in the wider constituencies. This
method, no doubt, will be too simple for
politicians, but not for those who desire
tho uso of "constitutional methods" in
LABOR AND "P. R."-~Will the
******     ******     ******     ******
Citizens of Vancouver Redeem Their Pledge?
Not many montha ago, when'
there was something of a crista ln
the local industrial situation, a
number of prominent citizens aaw
the danger and injustice of an
elective system which, in effect, excluded the voice of labor, as well
as that of the returned citizens,
from tha city council, and other
so-called 'representative' bodies.
Theoretlcaly, the proposal that la-
bor should have a fair representation on the city council, etc., haa
never been questioned in any but
the most reactionary circles. But
when lt came to the actual working out of that principle, it waa
an entirely different matter. In
recent years, various excellent labor candidates have been placed
in the field, In ono ward or another, but always with the same
rosult. They were defeated, not
so much by their opopnents, aa by
tho system against which they had
to coiitend—the 'Ward" system.
This Is one—but not thc only-
reason   why   organized   labor   has
'supported the domand for Proportional Representation in civic,
as well as in other elections. But
lt not only gives a square deal to
labor. It plays fair with ALL
substantial and Important elements ln the community, and gives
to every one alike an unfettered,
effective ballot.
Well, tha electors of tha city have
now a chance to adopt P.R. They
will have that chance on Jan. 8th.
Let their answer be as Indicates
on the ballot shown below.
Of course some of the aldormen
could not deny themselves the hope
of trying to confuse the voters on
this question of reforming the
system of election. One of tho
aldermen has a scheme of his own
that he wanted to try out—a Ono-
Ward schomo. Another thinks a
Four-Ward systom Is tbo ronl
thing. And so you will be handed
three different ballots—one for
"P.R." and one for each of the
other two. The other two are the
Aro you in favor of bringing tho
"Municipal Proportional Bep.
rosentation Act" into force in
this Municipality?
Trying to Introduce a Dictatorship—Object to
O. B. U.
Eastern Mineowners Wish
Miners to Belong to
Canadian Union
In Eastern Canada tha unions
of United Mino Workera aro negotiating for an increase in wagos
on the same basis as in tho United
States. Tho mino interests &ro
strongly opposed to tho increaso
and are offering sops to the miners. In fact tho owners are going
as far as to offer tlie men an increase of 25 cents per day If they
will renounce their ullegianco to
the United Mine Workers and organize a union of their own and
minus 'foreign" officials. The offer has been made to tlie minors
of South Minto, New Brunswick
and reported ns follows In the
Workers'  Weekly of Stellarton:
'The miners of South Minto,
N.B., are nskod by thcir employers
to renounce their allegiance to
the U.M.W. and get a 25 cent increase per day.
'Tho company wants them to
organize a union of their own and
they promise the miners to give
such a union full recognition.
"Wo have no doubt it would receive full recognition.
'A union dictated by the employers Is absolutely no good to
the employes. Tou can bet your
boots on that.'
In Western Canada the very opposite Is taking place and tho
mine owners are actually trying
to compel tho men to join the
United Mine Workers' Union of
America and are giving a hearty
welcome to the "foreign" officials
of the union. The Western miners are organized moro than 90
per cont ln the Ono Big Union, a
Canadian made, stamped and
sealed organization, but the patriotic mino owners are objecting to
this form of organization, as It
will be seen from the following
taken from The Searchlight of Calgary, Alta.:
'The Western Coal Operators'
Association haa declared a lockout
in the conl mines of Alberta and
Southeastern British Columbia.
Tho exact moment of the lockout is
to commence has not yet been decided upon.
"Quoting from the Culgary Herald, which Is tho acknowledged
mouthpiece of Director of Coal
Operations Armstrong and the
Western Coal Operators' Association, the decision arrived at by
tho powors that be, is:
The actual position facing the
miners is this: They wll have to
either own alegianco to the
U.M.W.A. or cease work.'
At least 90 per cent {we believe
95 per cont) of the miners ln this
district mil not 'own allegianco"
or bend the kneo to such Imperialism as has repeatedly been evidenced by the Indianapolis machine, a machino absolutely In control of American financiers,
Director of Coal Oporation.',
Armstrong haa 'by virtue of the
authority' vested in him Issued
Order No. 141 ln regard to tho
coal mines of Alberta and Southeastern  British   Columbia.
"Under that order no man will
be employed by any coal company
unloss such man becomes a mom
ber of the United Mine Workers
of America.
"Under that order all 'dues, assessments and fines' will be collected by the coal companies and
'sent to the secretary of the district or such other person as that
official   may  designate.
"Submission to the abovo two
clauses is to be rewarded by a
payment to each man who eub>
mits, of 14 per cent over and above
what he is now receiving and such
reward will date from Deo, 1.
"Capital has declared that the
miners of the district aro not to be
allowed 'self determination' in regard to the union to which they
aro to belong. Tho ministor of
labor and the director of coal operations have placed tho power of
government on the side of capital.
The publio is to be 'w6n over' to
capital's side by skilful stories in
the dally papers which will point
out that the miners aro highly paid
and which will insist that the only
discontent thoro is among the men
Is caused by a few 'Bolsheviks'
and 'dangerous agitators,' who
havo, as Sam Ballantyne says, carried on 'quite a campaign' for tho
One Big Union."
Washington.—Tho senate military
sub-committco which is considering
a pormanont "military policy for the
nation, has tentatively agreod on
legislation wliich will amount to a
virtual reorganization of tho army,
with protection from outside attacks
as a primary purposo and with compulsory military training for all
boys from 18 to 21 years of ago.
The call for tho Sixth Annual convention of the Alberta Federation
of Labor has been sent out from the
office of tho eiecutive for January 5
in Calgary.
Signet, Gem, Emblem, or Diamond
Are you considering a ring for yourself or
someone else? Is there a presentation to be made
Not only have we thc assortment, but we havo
the quality that most men desire—solid, substantial, lasting. And we are able, through our large
purchasing power, to offer exceptional values.
It's a pleasure to show you.
Oeo. E. Trorcy
Managing Dir.
Granville anl
Oeorgia Sts.
,__**,   -pURE
BEST   B      Contains No Alum
Our large and increasing
sale of this product haa
been built up to a great
extent to the rccommen-
dation of its users—a better • advertisement than
wo can write.
(Save Coupons for premiums)
"Malkin's Best" Baking Powder li absolutely para (contains no alum) and tbo ingredients an plainly marked on
every tin.
Of what uso is froodom of thought
if it will not produco freedom of action!—Swift.
"SONGS  UNBIDDEN," by  tho
Prospector, will make a nice gift
book for your oastorn friends.
Focma of Love, Nature, Religion und
Sociology. It is fragrant with tho
breath of balsams and pinea. Leatherette covera $1.50, velvet shoep
binding, $2,00 postpaid. Published
by Victoria Printing & Publishing
Co., 521 Yates St., Victoria, B. C. •*•
Matinee  2.30
riiono Seymour BIOS
Ono of the greatest  comedy
successes of all time
"Fair and Warmer"
fou'll laugh, scream and howl
Order your seats now
Tha mpremo sensation of the year
and Princess Olga
 Other Big Features
Will Speak at the
Room 401 Labor Temple
AT 8 P.M.
SUBJECT: The Winnipeg Trial
That supreme
touch of dental skill that
makes the difference.
un.un.Mo, bKIDGES AND
1'ILLINOS made the samo
shade aa your own NATUBAL
I   Evenings by Appointment
| Dental Nurse in Attendance
Cornor of Bobson Street
Over Owl Drug Store
Phone Seymour 6238
Can you use the Long Distance
tolephono between 7 p.m. and 8 a.m.!
If so, you can talk for three tlmea
the day period for the name coat.
Special rates obtain during the evening hours, nnd besides roa will gst
prompter service, because tha lines
are less congested.
Remember, appointments can bo
mndo for an/ particular time for
Long Distance calls. We will have
your party ready at any hour you
Union Officials, writo for prices,
Rob Roy
Modem—Every Convenience
Hot lad Cold Water ia Zrerr
Proprletreeil       MBS.    WRIGHT
Lato ot tho Victor Hotol
233 Abbott Street.
Sunday, 4th Jiumiiry, at 3 p.m.
"Our Next Adventure"
Duors Open 2:30 p.m.
1160 Uoorgia Street
Sunday services, 11 a.m. and 7,80 p.m.
Sunday school immediately following
morning service. Wodnesday testimonial
meeting, 8 p,ra. Free reading room,
001-003   Birks   Bldg.
Bank of Toronto
Assets ovei.
Joint Savingi Account
A JOINT Savinga Account may ba
opened at Tha Bank of Toronto
la tno nana of two or mora
persona. Ia theso accounts either
party may sign cheques or deposit
money. For the different memben
of a family or a firm a Joint account
la often a great convenience. Interest
Is paid on balances.
Vancouver Branoh:
Comer Hastlngi and Gambia Streeta
Branches at:
Victoria   Merritt, New Wsstmlaatar
Our Selling System
Quality in Fabrics
Style Correct
Price the lowest possible consistent with
Two Stores:
Society Brand
Rogers Building
345 Hastings Street
Burberry Coats
at both  stores
J. W. Foster
Follow thl Crowd to thl
Patricia Cabaret
Ono blook out ot Kmpi-ui Theilri
Interpret tbo Uttlt long htti. isolated br Thi Bronsi jih Bud
Music, B p.m. to 1
Ring up Phone Seymour KIM tot
Dr. W. J. Curry
lilt* 301 Dominion BnlMUf
Mr. Union Men, do you Diqr tt •
union storei tTtlBAT. January S, 1820
—the service that is to your advantage   "!
The closer the consumer of milk in Vancouver
can get in their dealings with the actual producer—the greater will be your advantage.
1300 actual producers of milk—
the men who ship 90 per cent, of ths q
milk coming into Vancouver—offer
you direct service through the Fraser Valley Dairies, Ltd.
Through this direct servioe it has
been possible to eliminate partially
the wasteful overlapping in milk distribution—to introduce economies
which are possible only because 70
per cent, of the city's milk supply is
distributed from one central station.
As a result of these saving factors, milk is today being sold in Vancouver at a lower price
than in other large cities of Canada.
Our "Producer to Consumer" service is at your
Fraser Valley Dairies, Ltd.
8th Ave. and Yukon St.
The Royal Bank
of Canada
Capital Authorized  $ 25,000,000
Capital Paid-up   $ 16,000,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits $ 17,000,000
Total Assets   $460,000,000
590 branchei in Canada, Newfoundland and Britiih
West Indies.
Also branches in London, England; New Tork Oity and
Barcelona, Spain;
Fourteen branches in Vancouver:
Main Office—Corner Hustings nnd Homer Streets.
Cornor Main und Hastings Streets.
Cornor Granvillo and Robson Stroota.
Corner Bridgo Stroot and Broadway Wo»t.
Cornor Cordova nnd Cnrrall Streets.
Cornor Oranvillo and Dovio Streets.
Corner Oranvillo nnd Seventh Avenne West.
1050 Commercial Drivo.
Cornor Seventeenth Avenue and Main Stroet.
2010 Yew Streot.
Corner Eighth Avenue and Main Streot.
Hudson Street, Marpole.
Kingsway Brunch and 25th Avenue Branch.
Also—North Vancouver, Now Westminster and 29 other
points in British Columbia,
Ono dollar opens nn account on which intorost is paid half-yearly
at current ratos.
Manager Vancouvor Branch
O. W. FBAZEE, Vancouver,
Supervisor for B, O.
The One Big Union
Published by the Winnipeg Central Labor Council
Read the News from the Prairie Metropolis
Subscription price $2.00 per yoar; $1.00 for six monthi
Address all communications to
J. Houston, Room 1, 530 Main St., Winnipeg, Han.
Canadian  National  Railways
Nine Month Limit
Through Tourist nnd Standard Sleeping Can
Dnily Trains commencing October 6th
Full information from
S06 Hastlngi St W. Vanconver, B. O.
Named Shoes are frequently made
in Non-union factories
No matter what its name, unless
it bears a plain and readable impression of this UNION STAMP.
All Shoes without tho UNION STAMP ara always Non-union
Do not accept any excuse for absence of the Union Stamp
OOLLI9 LOVELY, General Preildent—CHAS. L, BAINE, funeral Seo.-Treii.
0. B. U. Machinist Discharged in Pr. Ruoert—
Council to Investigate
Vary ltttla routine busineu was
on the order for discussion, at the
last meeting of the Prince Rupert
Central Labor Council, the greater
portion of the time tiulng taken, up
in consideration of committees'
and delegates' reports. Twenty-
eight present.
The Library committee reported
a list of periodicals they wished
the Council to subscribed for, and
a rack to hold them would bs
needed. A rubber stamp for use
on postcards to notify borrowers
keeping the books an undue time
was also neoesasry. Authorization wag given to procure the items
required. The new catalogue was
reported on hand.
Defonce committee reported total receipts of bond sales to date
[as being $1,146.10. This, with the
previous collections for the Defence fund, made a grand total of
$2,012.20.     Roport  accepted,
The committee appointed to
answer the statements of the President of the T. & L. C. In Vancouver (Int.) reported duty fulfilled. The letter containing the
answer appeared ln the current
number of The Federationist. By
request it was read. Report accepted and action endorsed.
The committee appointed to confer with the F.L.P. In reference to
possible combined action at the
coming municipal elections, reported, through Del. Derry, that no
meeting had been held. In view
of the fact that the P.L.P. hod
decided not to nominate candidates the report was accepted and
committee discharged.
The committee appointed to
meet the* Provincial Health Commission was asked to report. Del
Cameron recommended that It
meet in the G.W.V.A. hall next
Sunday afternoon, that body also
intending to make representations, and mutual discussions and
co-operation would be beneficial.
The suggestion was endorsed.
Delegates' reportB provided a
lengthy argument In some cases.
Del. F. Shaw, of the Fishpackers,
reported that discrimination was
again being attempted, this time
In connection with an O. B. U.
machinist, who had been discharged and an international man
put in his place. It was elicited
in the discussion that there was
as yet no shop steward in the plant,
all this kind of business being
handled by the grievance committee, Two of the Fishpackers
were appointed a committee to select one more, and to see the manager  in  reference  to the matter.
Complaint having been made
that an organization meeting of
the new Fisheries Unit had not
been advertiesd aa requested, a
motion was passed that all notices
of meetings to be advertised be
submitted to the secret ary-treasurer in writing.
Del. Booth, for the new Fisheries and Water Products Industrial Unit, reported that the constitution and bylaws were ready for
tho .printer. The Unit had referred ther matter of printing to
tlie Central Labor Council.
The report created a great deal
of discussion, the secretary-treaaurer starting the ball rolling. He
thought that the Council might
not be in favor of the constitution
as drafted, and he thought lt was
unnecessary, ln view of the fact
that the Council had a constitution for the guidance of Units
paying dues to the Council. It
might bc the intention 0t the
Unit to withdraw the payment of
dues to the Council. That policy
had been the secret of the Council's success, and if the other
Units were to adopt the Polloy of
paying per enpita the O. B. U.
would be as dead as the enemies
of the movement said it was.
Del. Shaw replied that lt was
not the intention to stop the payment nf duos to the Council; if
that had bcen tlie intention he
would have opposed the constitution. The purpose was to organise
the fishermen industrially. It was
a large industry that had been
neglected by tho International.
They wanted something to show
prospective members. The Unit
di'slred to maintain its present relations with tbe Council, and also
desired the constitution printed.
Del. Casey approved the stand
of the .seeretary-trensurer. The
provisions of the proposed constitution could not be accepted
without usurping tho constitution
of tho Council.
The secretary-treasurer said
that the policy of payment of
dues to the Council had been
adopted to prevent* overlapping
and payment of per capita tax.
The last speaker had said that
there wan no Intention to stop
pnyment of dues, but Del, Booth
had alluded to himself as the
secretary-treasurer of the new
Unit. All funds of the Units paying dues to the Council were
handled by the Council. The organization In Vancouver was now
discussing the advisability of
adopting the same policy as Prince
Rupert was using so successfully.
The goneral opinion that the
Prince Ruport Council was ono of
the most progressive In the O.B.U.
was due solely to the policy of cen-
Iralizatlon of the funds that It had
Del. Shaw replied that it was
necessary to have a secretary-
treasurer to collect the dues and
he would have to make good to
the    secretary-treasurer    of    the
Saves labor. The Coupons
with each package are a
value in themselves*
Council. The purpose of the constitution was not separation but
DeL Burrough drew attention to
one clause in the proposed con-*.
stitution that appeared to override that of the Council. It referred to Incoming membera and
transfer of members from one
Unit to another. He had acted as
chairman at some of their ov_.
ganlzatlon meetings, but had heard
nothing of any proposal to stop
tho payment of dues to the Council or tending toward separation,
He thought the clauses objected
to were Inserted to provide for
any action In that direction that
the Unit might ln the future desire
fto take.
A motion to refer the proposed
constitution and bylaws to the
Executive committee was then put
and passed.
Del. Mrs. Gawtrey, for the Wo
men's Auxiliary, reported 26 members. The social recently held had
netted $168 for the bond campaign
and the bonds for that sum hat
been reoelved. She tendered the
thanks of the Auxiliary for the
co-operation of the Council. They
proposed to have a social New
Year's eve, and would, like to have
a piano for which the Auxiliary
would assist In paying. Some more
crockery, etc., was also necessary.
She also referred to a oase of necessity In the city which the Council should look into. The report
was accepted and thrown open for
The case of necessity was considered but as there seemed some
doubt as to actual need being involved, further consideration was
postponed pending more particulars. Dels. Cameron, Rudderham
and Cox were appointed a committee to look into the proposition
of securing a piano, to act In conjunction with a similar committee from the Auxiliary, it being
understood that no second-hand
piano would do.
Del, Mrs. Gawthorne also requested that prices be secured for
a simple dues card for the young
people's section which the Auxiliary was organizing, and also that
copies of the Compensation Act and
Factories Act be posted in the
hall. The assistant secretary was
Instructed to writo Victoria for
copies of all "Labor" legislation,
and to secure the prices on the
dues card as requested. *
Del. Rudderham, reporting for
the Metal Trades Unit, stated that
as a result of an Inspection of the
books, they could report 70 members, and since that two or three
more had signed up. To cut down
tho expenses of advertising meetings they recommended that the
Council procure a mimeographing
machine. They hoped to see the
O.B.U. Councils all over Canada
exchange reports of their meetings
in the future, and the general use
of such a machine would hasten
that desirable condition. Report
On request the assistant secretary was relieved of the task of
reporting the meetings of the
Council to the local press, The
score tary-treas urer offered to attend to that detail and his offer
was accepted   .
A committee was appointed,
consisting of Dels. Rudderham,
Morse and W. Shaw, to compile a
list of members for the Federa^
tionist mailing list for the New
Del, Rudderham reported receipt of a lot of literature dealing
with the co-operative movement,
and suggested that the Women's
Auxiliary take hold of it and see
that It was distributed in the most
efficient manner. The womon are
the main purchasers, and talked
amongst their neighbors a great
deal (laughter) and he thought
that they could do more gpod and
efficient work In boosting cooperative' movement than he could,
Del. Mrs. Gawthorne consented
to take the mattor up with the
Auxiliary and spoke Btrongly in
favor of the movement and in this
connection the secretary-treasurer
said that the G.W.V.A. was considering the establishment of a
chain of branch stores, with the
head store in Vancouver, Bhares
in whloh would be for sale to
everyone, and it would be a good
Idea to consult with that organlt
zatlon. After further discussion
it was agreed to postpone further
action sntil the G.W.V.A. had been
heard from.
Del.' Morse reportod that a meeting to organize a Building Trades
Unit, the basis of which already
existed in the Recruiting Unit,
would be held iho following Friday.
The assistant secretary reported
the voting for a delogate to represent the Council at the O.B.U.
convention had resulted In the
election of Del. Rudderham. The
vote was very light, being only 7fl
In alt, and of theso 12 ballots returned from the night shift nt the
Cold Storage had to be segregated
from the rest as the voters had
neglected to put their numbers on
the envelopes and their financial
standing could therefore not be
ascertained. This, however, hade
no difference to the final result.
Report accepted; action endorsed
and committee discharged.
The secretary-treasurer was empowered by motion to hand Del.
Rudderham $200 If he had to leave
for Winnipeg before the next
regular meeting of the Council.
The secretary-treasurer report-,
ed that some fishermen at Rklde-
gate, Q.C.I., had applied for the
use of the hall for an organisation
meeting and the request was
Adjournment nt 11:10 p.m.
"Fair  and  Warmer"   Noxt   Week'
That wonderful comedy wo have'
all been waiting for, "Fair and
Warmer," will positively be presented next week by the Empress
Stock company, and It Ib needless
to say that this big fun fest of a
week will be a record breaker.
So much has been said In the newspapers and magazines of this side
splitting mirth producer that almost everyone has read the synopsis of Its sparkling story, and ln
answer to numerous inquiries as
to whethor we would run this
great comedy two weeks or not,
we positively assert that It will
only be presented for one week,
and all those who have not secured their tickets should do so
at once.
Patronizo Fed. advertiser!.
Kavanagh Says That Only
; by This Method Can
Unrest Be Solved
The regular propaganda meeting of the 8. P. of C. was veil attended at the Empress theatre last
Sunday evening, where Jack Kavanagh dealt with current events in
their relation to Socialist philosophy. Tho chairman, Comrade
Jaok Ewart, referring to the Winnipeg trial, said that while approximately geventeen thousand
dollars had been collected in B.C.
alone for the defence, collections
should be maintained and continued in view of the faot that the
case must be fought to a finish
no matter what the monetary cost
might be. Comrade Kavanagh said
that ln order to properly understand the phenomena connected
with and surrounding social unrest
an examination must bo mado of
the basis of human activity in
present-day society. In tho matter of getting a living, man as a
producer of those things necessary
to the maintenance of human life
was at variance wtth the syBtem
of private ownership under which
that. production took place. The
essential concomitant of class ownership in the means of wealth
production was clnss antagonism,
and until that basis was removed,
class warfare must manifest Itself.
The trial at Winnipeg had occupied attention all over tho country. In this connection, the literature commonly read and distributed by Socialists had come under
remark If not examination. Mr.
Justice Metcalfe had quoted the
"Communist Manifesto," "Socialism Utopia and Scientific" and
"Value, Prico and Profit," as being unfit for working class study.
But the truth of tho matter was
that tho basis of the profit Bystem was expounded and laid bare
tn these pamphlets, and tn that
sense were they unfit for the
worker. They were, dangerous in
that they showed the worker the
source of profit—his own labor.
Repression had always, if history
meant anything, bred its own form
of counteraction. The masterclass today should be well aware
that for them to curb the free expressions of working-clasg opinion
by Ignoring the fundamentals of
their own law, must result In a
similar interpretation by the workers. Mankind's ideas came from
the conditions surrounding and a
change in those conditions meant
a change ln ideas. Not one of the
many phases of Industrial unrest
manifested at the present time
could be so!v|d unless there came
a change in the basis of society,
a change from production for profit to production for use, wherein
those things necessarw to tho production of food.clothing and shelter came under the control of their
users,  the working-class.
Scott Nearing Prevented
from  Speaking  in
Union Meeting
Government by Injunction was
employed ln Lafayette, Ind., to
prevent Scott Nearing from speaking on amnesty under the auspices
of the Central Labor Union of that
city.        t
Judge Henry H. Vinton, "sole
judge of the Superior court in and
for the County of Tippecanoe ln
tho State of Indiana," takes his
place beside Judge Anderson of
Indianapolis on the list of Infamous
Immortals who are suppressing the
rights of the people in the courts.
It was issued by Judge Vinton at
the request of Mayor Kenneth R.
Snyder, who acted at tho behest of
members of the American Legion,
Freo Speech iu Indiana.
One paragraph of the document
reads as follows:
"It is therefore considered adjudged and decreed by the court
that the said defendant, Scott
Nearing, be and Is hereby enjoined
and restrained from addressing or
speaking in the Lahor Temple of
said city at 7:30 o'clock this date,
or at any other time pending the
hearing of this petition and that all
persons whomsoever are hereby
enjoined or restrained from holding a meeting at any time pending
thc hearing of this petition anywhere in Tippecanoe County, Indiana, to be addressed by said defendant, Scott Nearing, or any
other   person,   upou  said  subject."
"What are you going to do about
lt?"  inquired the sheriff.
"Obey It. What else can I do?"
replied the professor.
"Good. . . . You know, we would
have prevented your meeting
whether or not this retsraining
order had been Issued," the officer reassured him.
"How's that?"  Nearing asked.
"The town's up in arms," the
sheriff ansWorod. "Down at the
armory tlie American Legion, students of Perduo University and
members of business men's assocla
tlons aro armed, prepared to prevent that meeting.
They led him to an lntorurban
station, where be took a car and
made connections bacl; to Chicago.
Hearing to show causo why the
order should not be made permanent was held. Officials of the
Central Labor Union decided that
It was a losing fight and so did not
defend the action.
A Quebec dispatch says General
King has left for England, and will
purchase three hundred guns there
for Canada. With the presont acute
financial situation, and the vait industrinl, political and economical
problems which will tax every dollar and require evory effort of whioh
tho govornment is capable—or Incapable, why are they sending to
England to buy 300 gunst—Halifax
Ex-Liberal  M.  P.  Gets
Out of Old Political
Party Rut
(From letter of former Liberal M.P.
os joining Labor Party (British)
If wt are to escape disaster, tre
muit turn again towards the guiding stan of liberty, Justico anil human brotherhood. Freo trade and
free production are but applications
of theie principles in the economle
sphere. Even economlo justice, in its
largest meaning, is not tho ultimate
aim; bnt it is a necessary condition
for tha development of a freo cooperative commonwealth, with botter
opportunities for every one to realize th* possibilities of life, and to
develop those faculties and aspirations which are now so often starved and disappointed. It must evor
be remembered that the well-being
of eaeh ia bound np with the well-
being of all, and the drawing together of the nations must bo kept
steadily In view. These ideals may
seem far off; bnt they will at loaat
keop m heading in the right direction. They represent the direction
in which the Liberal party used to
movo, and in which tho Independent
Labor Party is moving now. Like
many of that party, I am strongly
opposed to any polioy that would
narrow personal freedom or increase
tho power of a bureaucracy, from
whatever quarter it may como. For
the reasons already stated..! am fully convinced that, in this stage of
our political progroBS, the course
which I am taking by joining the
labor party is the right onc.—James
Get into a pair of real loggers' boots. My ttitchdown
boot iB an improved shoe pack with the upper ttitched to
tho sole, making a flexible boot. My system ot making
the arch and heel gives you a boot that will not turn over
or break in the shank. Calks guaranteed not to com*
out. Any height top.
51 HASTINGS STREET WEST. Opp. Colombia Theatre
Dunilus White, former British Liberal IIP.
What about renewing your sub.f
If men were to wait tor liberty
till they became wis* and goo* ii
slavery, they may indeed watt fo?
Of Utmost Significance is
the Men's Overcoat Sale
Garments of Rare Quality and
Style at Greatly Reduced Prices
There are no bolter coats 6hown anywhere than are concerned in this sale. So if any
man has waited to this 3tago to buy himsolf a Winter eoat he can approaoh this sal*
with assurance that he will be certain of buying a eoat that will please him for two or
three seasons, and sec his money work to the greatest possiblo advantage. The choice
is ample to suit thc most exacting. Thore are short, snappy ulster types, snug waistcd
and belted with smartly rolling collars, and bolted styles. There aro full length coata
and thc very latest in coats—Tlio Hudson wrap in a Raglan atyle with through pooketa,
«o that a man can reach his inner pocket without unbuttoning his eoat. Materials are
tweeds and friezes in dark colorB, and mixtures that will have the approval of all. Every
coat has previously formed a part of our regulur stook, so we are able to mako tho following definite scale of reductions and a man may know the exact outlay and saving
ho may make.
Regular $30.00 Coats; Sale Price...
Regular $35.00 Coats; Sale Price...
Regular $37.50 Coats; Sale Price...
Regular $40.00 Coats; Sale Price..
Regular $42.50 Coats; Sale Price...
$30 "National" Rubberized Raincoats
to Sell at $22.50
The "National" coat has been well advertised by thc makers and retailers all
over the Dominion. So wo have little need
to say more of it than the the coats here
arc in the usual "Nntional" cut and finish
and that the patterns available arc tho
most desirable tho company has put out
—and "we'll say" thoy are excellent. Tho
National ooat is both an overcoat and a
raincoat. It is made of smart twoed with
a splendid rubberized lining.
And Another Lot of Tweed Raincoats at
are of similar type, mndo by other concerns. We give thom our heartiest rcooni-
mendation. Their former price was $27.50
Heavy Tweed Work Pants on Sale at
This is a wonderfully good work trouser, mado of medium grey diagonal twoed
of obviously good wearing quality. Wo
defy you to buy a trouser as good elsc-
whero for less than $5.75. Sale price $3.95
twelfth yeab.  v..i   THE BRITISH'COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     Vancouver, b. o.
...January 2, 1820
Having decided to stand as
candidate for School Trustee,
I hereby solicit your voto and
I itand for education of the uiasspa
not for tbe classes. Reorganization, efflolency and economy, I am
endorsed by the Child Welfare
Association of which I have been
treasurer for the last 2 years, tho
Central Ratepayers Association of
which I have been corresponding
■•flretary for the last 3 yeara, the
Painters Union, United Public
Service Couneil, consisting of 0.
W. V. A. and Army and Navy
Veterans, Labor and Proportional
Representation League.
8SJ. 4882
Anti-Soviet Forces Are in
Low State of Morale
and Discipline
"To save time, money and vain
hope it may as well be recognized
bow that there ie nothing to he
done with the White Russian
armies aa at present constituted."
That la the frank message which
one of tho correspondents of the
New York Times, Mr. Walter Du-
ranty, senda to his editor. There
It jealousy and intrigue among the
officers who follow Y mien itch;
thoy seem to have "every object
■ave that of getting the best remits for the whole army." There
wo stories of the actual sale to tho
Bolsheviki, by Dcnekln's subordinates, of war material supplied by
the British. And there are reports
from Kolchak's army of "an exceedingly low state both of morale
and discipline."
- Mr. Duranty goes on to point out
more fundamental weaknesses in
tho position  of Kolchak,  Denikin
and Yudenitch. All three, he says,
"refuse to recognize the independence of the small nations, formerly attached to the Russian Empire, thus alienating all their desire to co-operate." Moreover,
"their severity toward the population of the country they occupy Is
such as to cause Incessant revolts
In their rear." And finally, "what
guarantee is there that these Czarist reactionaries, for they havo
shown themselves to be nothing
else in conduct, despite vague professions of liberality, will stand for
a moment after Allied bayonets are
withdrawn against the people of
Russia who have tasted freedom?"
Mr. Duranty pleads for Allied command of the anti-Soviet armies.
But ln the columns of the Times he
has mado one of the best cases
that has yet been drawn against
intervention.—New Republic.
Sentence of death on capitalism
is pronounced because this war has
thrown the light of day on tho Incapacity, the want of humanity,
tho cruelties of the olcT system, the
stupidity and rottenness;
Why do j'ou come to me with
such an absurd qutstion as why
poverty should be abolished? You
might as well ask me "Why influenza should bo avoided," or "Why
hell should be considered an undesirable residence ?"—Bernard Shaw,
Vancouver Unions
COUNCIL—Pmldent,  V.  R.  Midgley;
TlM-pnaldcnt, E. Winch; aeeretary, J. 0.
Wood; treuurer, J. Shaw;, sergeant-alarms, W. A. Alexander; trustees, W. A.
PriUkwd, J. Marshall, H. J. Prltchard,
_%. W. ToungMh.	
ell—Meeti    aecond    Monday    ln    the
Booth.    Preaident, J. F. McConnell; aee-
ttts*7, R. H. Neelanda, P. 0. Box 68.
and Reinforced Ironworkers, Local 07
*~UeeU seeond and fonrth Mondaya.
rrtildent Ju. Hutinga; Inanelal secretary and treasurer, Roy Massecar, Room
3IB Labor Temple,
811—MeeU -t 440 Fender Street
Weat, every Monday, 8 v_m. President, H. H. Woodside. 440 Pander W.;
neordlng aeeretary, J. Murdock, 440 render Street Weat; financial secretary and
bnelnoei S|«nt, I. H. Morrison, 440
Pander Straet Welti assistant aeeretary,
V. R. Bomwi.
Unit of tbt 0. B. V.—Meetings every
Honday, T:80 p.n„ Labor Temple. Pre-
, sident, F. L. Bunt: aecretary-treaEiirer,
I W. A. Alexander, Room 316, Labor Tem*
ole.   Phoae, Seymour 8880.	
IOTIL     Ttm     RESTAURANT     ElT
ployee*,  Loeal 88—Meets   every   flrst
: Wednesday in the month at 3:30 p.m.
' Ud every third Wednesday In tbe month
: at   9  p.m.    President,   John   Cummlnga,
seeretary and business agent, A. Graham.
Oftee snd netting hall, 814 Pender SI.
• W.    Phone Sty. 1881.    Office houra, 8
a.m. to 6 p.m.
«»' Union—Meeta 2nd and 4th Fridays, 305 Labor Temple. Preaident, W.
Wllion, 3311 OranviUe Street; aeeretary*
tteuirer, p. J. Snail, 244—28th Ave. E.
Union of the One Big Union—Affiliated
Vltk B.   0*   Federation   of   Labor   snd
Vancouver Tradea and Labor Counoll—
£1 Industrial anion of  all  workers  in
gglng and construction campa.   Head-
(aertera, 81' Cordova Street Weat, Van-
«sver, B, 0. Phone Sey. 7858. E.
Inch, secretary-treasurer; legal advisers, Messrs. Bird, Maedonald A Co., Van-
•savor, B. 0.; auditors, Messrs. Buttar
k Chlans, Vancouver, B. C.	
Association, Loeal 98-52—Offlce and
kail, 104 Pander Street West. Meets flrst
Wd third Fridays, I p.m. Secretary-
treaaurer, Thomas Nixon; business sgent,
fatar Sinclair,
Dnlchsr Workmen's Union No. 648—
Heels flrst and third Tuesdays of each
' ■•atk, Labor Temple, 8 p.m. President,
W. V. Tanley, 1838 Powell St.;  record-
rg aeeretary, William Oibbs, Station B.
0. Vancouver; financial aeeretary and
bnsiness agent, T. W. Anderson, 587
Homer St.
ers' Unit of the One Big Union, Metal-
llferoua Miners—Vancouver, B. 0., head-
(Mrters, 81 Cordova Strsst West. All
workers engaged In thia Industry ara
urged to loin the Union beforu going on
tfco Job. Don't wait to bo organised, but
organise yourself.
North America (Vancouver and vicinity)—Branch meeta second and fourth
Mond STB, Room 204 Labor Temple. Presldsnt, Wm. Hunter, 818 Tenth Ave. North
Vancouver; financial secretary, E. God-
dard, 156 Richards Street; recording aocrotary, J. D. Russoll, 028 Commercial
'irtve.    Phono High. 2204R.
Fasteners, I.L.A., Local Union 88A,
ftsrles 5—Meets the 2nd and 4th Fridays
of tha month, Labor Tempi*, 8 p.m.
President, Georgo Hansell; flnanclal secretary and business agent, M. Phelps;
corresponding secretary, W. Leo. Office,
Room 207 Labor Temple.
Atreet and electrio railwat
Employees, Pioneer Division, No. 101
—Heats A. 0. F. Hall, Vount Pleasant,
ltt and Srd Mondays at 10.18 a.m. and 7
p.m.  President, W. H. Cottrell; recording
tscretary, F. E. Griffin, 5U0 Commercial
►rive; treasurer, E. f*. Cleveland;
financial    secretary    and business agent.
Fred A. Hoover, 2409 Clark Drlvo; offlco
corner Prior and Main streets.
Boilermakers Are Likely
to Strike to Enforce
44-Hour Week
John Hill, secretary of the Boilermakers Society, London, England, in his monthly report to the
members, writes: "The question of
.working hours is likely to give
trouble before tho winter la over.
| In some districts our members
have had ahorter winter hours
from time immemorial. Hours In
mid-winter were aa low as 40
week. Now they aro being asked
by the employers to work 47 hours
all the year round. When we went
out for tho 44-hour week we were
prepared to givo up our winter
hours on the six or eight weeks on
which these winter hours fell below 44, but when the compromise
of 47 hours was offered us, our
members went strongly against the
compromise. Last year the em'
ployers agreed that we should con*
tinue our winter hours, and we had
the hope that we would have se'
cured tho 44-hour week before this
winter, and fn this winter, and ln
this way we would have solved the
winter hours problem, but the lack
of steadfastness among many
unions has delayed our hopes and
left us in a less favorable atmosphere for securing a 44-hour week
than wo were In just 12 months
I believe the 44-hour week is
being taken up unofficially. The
rank and file of the engineering
and shipbuilding trades are getting a bit tired of our long-drawn
out negotiations. Honestly speaking, I think we need ginger on the
question, but ask all such groups
not to neglect the constitutional
method of getting a resolution in
their branch. ThlB is more than a
boilermaker's question, and it will
require resolutions in the branches
of all trades In the industry if we
are to get a constitutional move on,
I hope none of the trades will
tako direot action on the 1st of
America, Local No. 178—Meetinga held
flrst Monday In each month, 8 p.m. President, J. T. Elswortb; vice-president, A.
R. Gatenby; recording aeeretary, 0. He*
Donald, P. 0. Hox 503, Phone Seymour
8281L; financial aecreary, Robt. McNelsh,
P. 0. Bos 503.	
(Teamsters, Warehousemen, Auto Mechanics, etc.)—Meets every Wedneaday
at 152 Cordova Street East. President,
J. Shaw, secretary, C. A. Read, 2344
Prince Edward Street. Office: 153 Cordora Street East.	
Meets last Sunday of each montb at
2 p.m. President, W. S. Thomson; vice-
president, C. H. Collier; secretary-treasurer,  R. H. Neelands,  Box 66.
Provincial Unions
In annual convention ln January, Ex*
entire officers, 1118-19: President, J.
Kavanagh, Labor Temple, Vancouver;
vice-presidents—Vancouver Ialand: Cumberland, J. Naylor; Victoria, J. Taylor;
Prince Rupert, Geo. Casey; Vancouver,
W. H. Cottrell, P. McDonnell; New Westminster, Oeo. McMurphy; Wost Kootenay, Silverton, T. B, Roberts; Crow's
Nest Paas, W. B. Phillips, Fernie, W. A.
Sherman. Secretary-treasurer, A. 8.
Wells, Labor Temple, 401 Dunsmuir St.,
Vancouver, B. C.
and Labor Council—Meets first and
third Wednesdays, Knights of Pythias
Hall, North Park Street, at 8 p.m.. President, E. S. Woodsworth; vice-president,
A. C. Pike; secretary-treasurer, Christian
Siverts, P. 0. Box 802, Victoria. B. 0.
ers, Local 1777—Meete firat and third
Mondaya in I. 0. 0. F. Hall, Lower Kieth
Road East, at 8 p.m. President, W.
Cummlngs, 10th 8troet East, North Vanconver; financial secretary, Arthur Roe,
210—13th St. W., North Vancouver.
bor Council—Meets second and fonrth
Tuesdays of each montb, in Carpenters'
HaU. President, S. D. McDonald; vice-
president, A. Ellis; secretary, Oeo. Wad*
dell. Box 2/3, Prince Rupert, B. 0.
COUNCIL, 0. B. U.—Meets every second and fourth Tuesday In the 0. B. U,
HaU, corner SUth avenue and Fulton
atreet, ot 8 p.m. Meetings open to all 0.
B, U. members. Secretary-treasurer, D,
8. Cameron. Boi. 217, Prince Bupert, B.O.
Phone Sey. ESI     Day oi Night
Nunn, Thomion & Olegg
531 Homer St.  Vancouver, B. 0.
Suits, Overcoats, Baincoats, Mackinaws, Gloves,
Shirts, Socks, Underwear,
etc., etc.
G. B. Kerfoot
165 Huting* St. Eaat
Where ia your anion button t
Good for Health Improves the Appetite
Everyone knows that cheap goods can only be procured
by using cheap materials and employing cheap labor.
is produced from the highest grade materials procurable
—Cascade is a UNION produce from start to finish.
Puttees Hns Good Bill.
Those interested In occult science will flnd a puzzling mystery
headlining the bill opening at the
Pantages Monday matinee ln the
baffling performance of Prince
Joredah De-Radjah, India's dls-
tlngulsehd seer and telepathlst. The
Prince and hla associates, tho
Princess Olga and a man, are all
high caste Hindus and they appear In picturesque native costume as they pass through the
audience answering questions and
predicting thc future with amazing
speed. The trio has bcen creating an unusual stir on their present tour over tho Pantages circuit.
The Tip Yip Yaphonlters, ten
men and a young woman who
formed one of the most popular
entertainment units of the overseas forces, will be the added attraction of the big bill. The Yap-
hankers includo singing, dancing,
instrumental music and athletics
In their versatile offering.
Nada Norraino, ar. attractive
girl with a phenomenal voice, will
add to the pleasure of the crowds
with new and restricted songs.
LaFrance and Kennedy, Fred
and Joe, may be depended on for
a riot of laughter in their new
skit, "After the Battle," in which
they appear in blackface as a
fighter and his trainer.
The Peerloss Trio Is the title
under which three Italian street
singers and musicians will appear. The act Is also filled with
comedy. Love and Wilbur, a man
and maid, will present "Thrills and
Smiles," a versatile performance
on the flying rings.
Countenance Mot) Bule
The president of tho Dan Tallon
Post of tho American Legion in Now
York declares that mon are holding back from joining the Legion
"because they have got tho impression from thc various reports of mob
violence in tho newspapers that the
organization doesn't Btand for anything but lawlessness and disorder.'
, "When we quietly countenance the mob rule that has been set
up by some Amorican Legion posts
iii somo of tho cities and towns over
tho country wc aro paving tho way
for tho discrediting and perhaps tho
destruction of the legion."
Don't forRot OUB advortlaers.
Is a mil-d expression to use
in referring to tho action of
the British Minister of Food
for fining the Scottish Cooperative Wholesale Society
for Belling oatmeal too cheap,
or in other words, for LESS
than tho prico toed by the
Minister of Food.
Tho Vancouver Co-operative
Socioty is now making arrangements to purchaBO a
great number of articles of
the Cooperative Wholesale
Society o£ MonchcBtcr becauso
those commodities aro not
only better but cheaper than
those sold by iho privato
wholesalers and jobbers in
When that first load arrives
we expect a big rush for tho
goods bo it will be bost to become • membor of tho Society
and keop in closo touch with
the gooda being Bold at the
41 Tenia Stnet West
Phone Bey. 493
Receipts in Liberty Bond Campaign
The following is a statement of monies received up to Saturday, December 27, since tho opening of the Liberty Bond campaign by the B. C.
defenso committee. It would be impossible to give tho names of every
individual who has contributed, or purchased bonds, but all donations
sinco tho 15th of November are recoMcd. There are still a largo number
of bonds to be accounted for by sellers in the outlying districts,
Mrs. Harris, Hardy P. O...I       C.OOaMrs. Sutherland, Women's
D. Charlton, F. L. P.        84.0(1 L ■. Auxilii
Socinlist Party of Canada,
Empress meetings  .
A. S. Wells  	
E. Trotter __ _
J. Hogg  j—
W. T. Morris, Street Boil-
waymen, N. Westminster 225.00
E. Winch, Loggors   5,200.00
A. Oraham,   Cooks   and
Waitors   12.00
H. Pritchard, Con. Wkrs... 60.00
K. W. Franklin, Tailors ... 20.00
W. A. Alexander, Millmen
and Eng. (O.B.U.)   365.00
C. Stephenson, S. P. of 0. 218.00
E. King, Marino Firemen 145.00
F. C. Johnson, North Van. 86.00
Frank    Eastham,    Longshoremen  _ 29.00
H. E. Cook, S. P. of C.._ 21.00
J. Stevenson, Vietoria ..- 448.48
W. M. McCormack, Van... 4.00
H. Cottrell, St. Ely  375.00
B. Townsend, Sailors .  13.00
W. Batt, Vancouver  *... 50.00
N, Lefeaux, Vancouver .... 3.00
O. Hill,   Paper   Workors,
Powell Biver   250.00
J. B. Flynn, N. Wostr  117.00
Wm. Silvester, Vancouver 9.00
A. Varney,    I.    L.    A.,
Victoria   170.00
Matt Christor, Nanaimo..- 164.00
W. J. Kennedy, Vancouver 32.00
E. W. Houghton, N. Westr. 155.00
T. L.  Hewitt,  Piledrivers 130.60
J. H. Burrough, Pr. Bupert 1,132.00
Mrs. Sinclair, Vancouver.. 14.0ft
Mrs. James, Vancouver  14.00
B. Baxter, Princeton  739.00
Joe Naylor, Cumberland .. 208.00
Amal. Carpenters, Vancr... 66.00
A. McKenzie, Kamloops.... 198.00
Frank Brindloy, Fernio .... 378.82
T. Andorson, Butchers   12.00
J. Little, Laundry Wkrs... 8.00
C. Soott, Carpentors 617.... 14.00
J. B. Campbell, Vancouver 4.00
A. S. Crossan, Switchmen
M. C. Beid, Painters 	
V. Midgley, Vancouver —.
J. A. Carlson, Vernon ..-
T. J. McKay, Hedley  _
O. Sackman, Beaver Covo..
E. J.   Gibson,   Boot   aud
Shoo Workors         10.00
E. Picard, Nakusp         27.00
Tom Scott, Mar. Firemen       30.00
J. W. S. Logic, Summer-
land        25.00
Plasterers Union, Van. „_       71.00
A. McPherson, Poron  _       22.00
B. C. Mutch, Smithers _      105.00
F. Knowles, Princo George       70.20
Sold at Coughlan's      102.00
Arthur Snikkar, Sointula..     100.00
Bonds sent out from offico
to individuals:
332 $1.00 bonds       332.00
392   .2.00 bonds       784.00
376  .5.00 bonds _     1,180.00
Central     Labor     Council
(O.B.U.), Pr. Bupert....... 100.00
Int.  Longshoremon, Van... 100.00
Lettish Federation   COO
J.    O.    Dillon,    Tailors'
Union, Seattle  40.00
Civic Emp. Union, Van  25.00
Brotherhood   of   Bailway
Carmon, Victoria  10.00
W. A. Alexander,  defense
danco  167.45
J. McLaren, Terraco —- 14.50
Vancouver Auto Union — 10.00
Stroet Bnilwaymen, Van... 743.00
Maintenance of Way Employees, Nelson  50.00
Donations less than $1.00 10.90
Total  $1,271.90
Bonds sold .  $16,001.50
Donations     1,271.60
Grand total $17,273.40
Evidence of Local
Lawyers Ruled Out
(Continued from pago 1)
afternoon. It was not true that
he would be in Bulaeff'a pool room
at six or seven o'clock in the evening.
She was allowed to leave the
stand without cross-examination, j
Gaz Acheff was next called, and
said he was part owner of a resp
taurant at 126 _ Hastlnga street,
from March to Auguat this yeaij.
Chekoff and Zukoff had nothing to
do with It. He produced a document showing hla purchase of ' a
half-Interest on March Srd. (Mij.
Reld here fussed about "wasting
time" in dealing with lt). Wll
ness aold his Interest on Aug. 27tl
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Dourasoff eayp
Chckofr used   to   run   this place
aince March as a gambling resort?"
Wltnesa:   "No."
"And as a placo for selling liquor?"
'Between   12   at   r.lght  and   6
Witness gave the same denials
with regard to Zukoff. "It was
my business," he insisted.
Counsel: "Dourasoff says he Baw
Chekoff  and   Zukoff  running  this
place as a place where liquor was
aold.   Could that be true?"
Wltneas: "No."
"Did you ever see Dourasoff in
your place?"
'Douraaoff says It ia not * restaurant—Is it?"
Yea." There waa a kitchen and
tables, and they had a cook."
Two recent photographs were
here put In, showing tho interior
of the place In question. Witness
recognized the range, eto., as formerly his property. There were
pots and pans, etc., there, provisions, groceries and soft drinks.
Counsel: "Did you ever see Barney Roth In your restaurant?"
Witness: "I saw him flrst time ih
the Immigration ofllce."    Further
queatioend, witness gave more particulars as to the six tables, etc.,
and said they had games "for pastime, and sometimes for drinks,"
Counesl:  "What kind of boer?"
Witness: "Cascade beer."
"What kind of Cascade beer?"
"Same as sold at cigar stand."
"How many tables for playing?"
"The others for eating?"
At the time of the Immigration
cases, witness and his partner were
often at the Immigration station,
where Roth would aee them. During this time the police came to
their restaurant; and onco they
searched witnoss for whiskey,
Mr. Reid: "To say that Barney
Roth sent the -police is abaolutely
not true."
Magistrate: "There Is no "evidence."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Very well,
your worship."
To witness: "Have you ever been
convicted,  or   even   charged with'
running a gambling houee or selling liquor?" ' j
"The place Is close to the police
station ?"
"Yea, over the White Lunch.",
"If open at 6 a.m., could people
on the other aide of tho street see
the lights burning?"
Mr. Reid here objected to "leading questions," and there was I ft
momentary hubbub. Then witne'as
went on to state that he lived, since
March, at the same house aa Chekoff and Zukoff. He had never
aeen them having, or giving out,
newspapers, nor Deakoff either.
They could not read or write, excopt that Zukoff could sign his
name. Witness had never Beon tho
alleged meetings of Russians, etc.,
In Deakoff's house.
Mr. Rubinowitz now consulted
the court aa to tho admissibility
of a question to bring out the feeling between Asatinlana or Cossacks, and Russians. The magistrate seemed doubtful, and the
question was not put.
Continuing,   witness  testified  to
the  repeated  sickness of Chekoff,
and added: "When he die his cousin, I never see him haptfy again."
Witness scouted the possibility of
Chekoff's frequenting Butaeffa
pool-room, and said that Chekoff
aent Zukoff to Ash ln hla boat, because he was himself too sick. Nor
waa it possible for Chekoff to have
taken part ln discussions about
Bolshevism, etc., as alleged.
Witness repeated that he flrat got
to know Barney Roth down at the
Immigration station, while visiting
prisoners, and had lots of conversation with him. "He was good
friends, and called me George."
to Mr. Rubinowitz: "Did you ever
have conversation with Roth about
Chekoff or Zukoff?"
": Mr. Keid: "What's the charge?"
'';'Mr. Rubinowitz (reading):
'*Barney Roth swore he knew Checkoff very well "
Mr. Roid (rudely): "I didn't ask
you to tell mc. I asked what
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Oh, well; I
needn't answer your queatlon at
all. Look for It." (Smiles in
court.) "Said he aaw Chekoff and
_ukotl running the gambling joint;
they were partnera."
Mr. Reid (fruitlessly searching);
"I don't find that."
Mr. Rublnolwtz (shortly):
"Charge against Barney Roth."
To witness: "Tell us of thla conversation with Barney Roth."
Witness then recounted varloua
details of the conversations on
different visits, Roth flrat of all
asking about Chekoff and Zukoff,
and saying, "I don't know them."
Wltnesa subsequently pointed them
out to him. On another occaalon
they spoke of the third partner In
the Ashing boat, who had aold the
boat and retained Chekoff's ahare
of the money. Roth intimated he
could find thiB man If he was allowed to ahare ln the proceeds—
"Fifty-fifty," ho aays; "we'll split."
Witness rejected the proposal.
Mr. Reld cross-examined as to
the photographs, and the happenings at 126 _ Hastings Btreet in
November, Witnoss had heard of
the place being raided, and that
Barney Roth sent the police there.
He did not know about the games
played there; often he left the
buslneas. He was running the
business in July, and waa there all
the night before the arrests of
July 19th. Chekoff was not playing poker there that night as suggested, nor waa Zukoff. The latter
was there about 11 o'clock—"JuBt
aat there."
"See Dourasff there that night?"
"See Barney Roth there?"
"Never in my life."
"Would   you   be   surprised   to
know that, on the night of the raid,
there were 13 cents ln the cash
register, and a few pieces of atale
bread  In  the kltchon?"
"I had Bold my business out
I don't know."
It might be a gambling house
now for all you know?   Might bo
a dance hall now?"
"I don't know."
"Then how do you know that
these plotures are correct?"
"That'a correct as lt ia now."
,   After asking about the kind of
games played, Mr. Reld continued:
"Wher^  was   Chekoff   before the
i Witness: "At home—309 Hastings street."
"Were you thore?"
Witness replied not very audibly, and Mr. Rubinowitz repeated:
"Ho says, working at the restaurant."
Mr,   Reid:   "Yes,   something  I
didn't nsk for at all."
.   To wltnesa:  "Were you at the
rDcakoff houae that night?"
Witness: "No."
' "Then how do you know that
Chekoff was there?"
"I do not know personally."
Replying further, witness said
ho did not know who was running
the restaurant now, as he never
went there. He was sure Zukoff
was there the night before the arrest—"Just came up and aat down
at the table for about ten or fifteen
minutes." Zukoff waa later arreeted In tho Deakoff houae.
Mr, Reld then alluded to a
oharge laid agalnBt Stanlalaua Che-
koff's abaoondtng partner, which
was "not proceeded with."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Under olrcum
stances known to your worahlp."
Mr. Reid (to witness): "Did you
have any part ln the fishing boat?
27 IM 1
Sentenced by a Kansas
Judge to from 3 to 9
A Jury in the federal court at
Kansas City, Kansas, returned a
verdict of guilty against 27 members of the I. W. W. charged with
"Not only these members, but
tha organization itself stands convicted," asserted Fred Robertson,
district attorney. "We hope now to
carry this victory on and bar the
seditious I. W. W. propaganda
from the mails,"
Two hours after the verdict was
returned, John C. Pollock, federal
Judge, called the defendants before him and gave each a chance
to speak. Then he. pronounced
the sentences, which vary from 8
to 9 years. The only nine-year
sentence Imposed was upon C. W.
Anderson of Minneapolis, Minn.,
secretary-treasurer of tho Agriculture and OU Workers branch of
the I. W. W.
The 27 were found guilty on
these counts: Conspiracy to overthrow the government and Interfere wtih the war programme;
conspiracy to violate the draft law;
conspiracy to hinder recruiting
and conspiracy to curtail the production of food and fuel ln wartime. The Jury was out 20 hours,
but took only one ballot.
Supposedly the star witnesses
placed on the stand failed to connect the defendants with any of
the crimes with which they were
charged, and weakened rather
than helped the government's
Frank Wernke, self-confessed
hold up man, who admitted ho
participated in various crimes, was
the prosecution's star witness of
alleged depredations by members
of the I. W. W. He did not endeavor to connect any of the men
trial with these alleged acts,
however. Wernke was a deserter
from the Colorado National Guard
and a draft evader, but Joined the
army on his release from Jail, lt
was shown.
Was any money taken from you?"
Witness: "No."
"Why did you lay a charge?"
"George Chekoff told me."
"You don't know anything about
'I know very well. He ran
away.    He steal himself."
This was expluined to mean
"hid himself." Mr. Reld laughed
at the expression as a good Joke.
'Steal himself is good," he remarked.
Witness (earnestly): "I wish to
speak like you."
Mr. Reid once more emphasized
that the charge was "withdrawn,"
Mr. Rubinowitz again took up the
matter, but tho magistrate demurred, and counsel desisted, remarking, "Of course your worship
knows the facts." It was understood that lt was withdrawn temporarily.
Mrs. John Deakoff, whose husband and two daughters had already given evidence, now took the
stand and testified, through an interpreter, that she lived at the
houso on Hastings street, where
Chekoff and Zukoff stayed this
year up to the time of their arrest
in July, except when away fishing
for about two weeks, Zukoff had
been there all the time since Jan.
1st; Chekoff had lived there much
longer still. Witness was all the
time about the house, made up the
beds, etc., and had access to the
various rooms.
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Did you ever
see Chekoff receive any newspapers thero?"
Witness: "Never, except Mr.
Dourasoff brought some."
'Did Zukoff have any?"
'Did they ever give out newspapers at your house?"
"Did your husband ever give any
'No," Her husband couldn't
read or write.
"Could Chekoff read or write?"
"Could he speak muoh Russian?"
Dourasoff says he used to speak
often to Chekoff, about politics, ln
your house?"
"That's not true."
"And Zukoff?"
"That's not true, either."
"Dourasoff says that on the 29th
April there was a meeting of Russians ln your houso, when Chekoff
read In a Russian newspaper an
account of a trial?"
"That's pure lies."
"Dourasoff says that Chekoff
said, 'Let's finish the Canadian
court house,' in Russian?"
"That's not true."
"Dourasoff said Zukoff took part
In the discussion."
"Not true, either."
"Dourasoff says you were there
at the time?"
"I was at home, yes."
"Ever see or hear such discus-
"At Your Service"
We want every worker in Vancouver to feel perfectly free during the coming year to consult us on any quostion concerning the
care or preservation of tho teeth.
Thanking the readers of the Federationist for the patronage
given us during tho year just closed and wishing you, one and all,
a Happy snd Prosperous Now Near,
Drs. Brett Anderson and
Douglas Casselman
Dental X-Bay, Crown snd Bridge Specialists
602 HASTINOS ST.-Oomei Seymour
Be consistent tnd demand tbe Union Stamp on your booti and
•hoes. The following locat firms are fair to Organized Labor and
are worthy of yonr patronage and support:
J. I*okie Co.. ltd., 220 Gambia Stmt.
Harvey Boot Shop. 61 Oordon St. W.—Cuitom Making aad BapaLrs.
W. J. Hoids, 20 water Streot—Custom Milting and Bepaln.
Kaetachlati-Taylor Co., 83 Cordova Stmt   Weat—Cuitoia  Making
and Bepairi.
Dunemulr Boot Shop, 031 Dunemulr Street—Cuetoo Miking asd
"Kodelay" Shea Bepair Oompany, 1047 OruvriUe Street.
Standard Shoo Bepalr Shop, 018 lotion Street.
M. B. Thome, 256 KlDgaway.
Woode, Ltd., "K" Boot Shop, Cordon aad Hastings Stmt West.
H. O. Spaulding, 6071 Fraier Stmt, South Vincouver.
O. B. Tuna, 1430 Ooftcerclil Drive.
Be progressive, Mr. Shoe Repairer, and get in touch with Secretary Tom Cory, 446 Vernon Drive.
Mechanics' Tools
J. A. Hett9 Limited
We buy and sell second-hand GUNS
The Best of
Company for
the New Year
t i t
THE kind of company a man wants to
take along witk him in his journey
throughout 1920. The never fail—depend-
able sort of a chap—tho VAN LOO
You'll know it by its freshness, mellowness and easy "pull." A darned good
cigar, and the highest exchange for your
money in town. Just once—and you'll
always buy.
Stettler Cigar Factory
Ltd., Vancouver, B.C.
■lona at any other time?"
"Dourasoff saya Porfiry was
there. Did you ever hear of Porfiry?"
"I do not know any one of that
'Dourasoff says that ln Juno
there was another meeting at your
house and a paper was read about
the Soviet?"
Mr. Reid interrupted to remark
that lt was only fair that counsel
ahould uso the exaot words. "Interpretations may or may not be
Mr. Bubinowitz (reading):
"Dourasoff Bays that at the time of
the Vancouver strike thero waa
discussions, etc." mentioning names
which the Interpreter wished repeated.
Mr. Rubinowitz: "It says two
Russians, Chekoff and Zukoff."
Mr. Reid: "It says one Russian."
(Continued on Page 8)
10 Sub. Cards
Good for ono year's (subscription to Tie
B. C. Federationist, will be mailed to
any Addreu ln Canada for $17.60-
(Good anywhere outside of Vancouvtr
city.) Order ten today. Remit ____* icW.
McLeod- Nolan and Co.
have    manufactured    nothing   but
Union Made Cigars
((, for 20 Years  ° ..
El Doro
El Sidelo
Cigars of Quality T
FBIDAT.. ...January 2, 1920
Twixra teab. ».. i   THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST   vancouvm, b. a
Mrs.W.R. Angus
For School Trustee
and Education for the Masses and not the
Classes and no Prussianism in Educational
Patronize Federationist 'Advertisers
Hero They Are, Indexes rot Ton
Mr. Union Man, Ont Tbis Ont and Olve It to Tour WIU
Sank of Toronto, Hastings & Cambie; Victoria, Merritt and New West-
Boyal Bank of Canada, 12 Branchei in Vancouver, 29 in B. 0,
..Phone Fairmont 44
nCisdalls Limited...
J. A. Flett	
.018 Hastings Street Welt
 Hastings Street West
...42 Hastings Street Fast
 .Hastings Street Fast
Pocket Billiard Parlor...
Con Jouos (Brunswick Pool Rooms)....
.Boots and Shoes
Goodwin Shoe Co., „    119 Hastings Street East
Ingledew Shoe Storo.     666 Oranvillo Street
Johnston's Big Shoe Store - *.......4O0 Hastings Street Wost
•■K" Boot Shop   ; 319 Hastings Street West
Nodelay Shoe Co...
Pierre PariB	
Wm. Dick Ltd	
..1047 Oraaville Street
...64 Hastings Street WeBt
  Hastings Streot Fast
Bank Buffet	
Thclma Cafe	
Trocauero Cafo...
 Corner Hastlngi and Homer Streets
  64 Hastings Street East
 166 Hastings Street Welt
Millar & Coe. Ud...
Chinaware and Toys
  419 Haitingi Street Weit
El Doro and all Union Label Cigars
Arnold & Quigley.	
Clubb k Stewart	
B. C. Outlining Co...
B. C. Tailoring Co.....
Wm. Dick Ltd...
Clothing and Gent's Outfitting
...540 OranvUle Street
..309-316 Hastings Stroet Weit
 342 Hastings Street West
 128 Haitingi Street East
 83-49 Hastings Street East
Thos. Foster k Co,, Ltd 614 Granville Street
J. W. Foster & Co., Ltd   - 846 Hastings Stroet Weit
J. N. Harvey Ltd, .   .125 Hastings West and Victoria, B. O.
The Jonah-Prat Co.._  .. 401 Hastings Street Weit
New York Outfitting Co  148 Hastings Street Weat
Bickson's  820 Granville Street
David Sponoor Ltd   ———. .Hastings Street
W. B. Brumitt....
Thomas * McBain...
...Cordova Street
...OranviUe Stroet
Woodwards Ltd.  Hastings and Abbott Stroots
T. B. Cuthbortsons k Co Granville Street and Hasting! Street
Victor Clothes Shop. - -  112 Hastingi West
Bobinson Clothes Shop, Ltd ..Corner Hastingi and Bichards
G. B. Kerfoot  166 Hastings Stroet East
D. K. Book ;..._  117 Haitliga Street West
 .929 Main St., Seymour 1441 and 465
 1001 Mala Stroet
Kirk k Co., Ltd...
Maodonald Marpole Co...
Fraser Valley Dairies—
..8th Avenue and Yukon Street
Dri. Brett Andorson and Douglas Cassulman	
Dr. W. J. Curry...
-.602 Hastlngi Weit
..301 Dominion Building
Dr. Gordon Campbell- Corner Granville and Bobson Streets
Dr. H. E. Hall - -.19 Hastings Stroot East, Seymour 4042
Dr. Lowe Comer Hastinga and Abbott Street!
Dr. Grady. - Oorner Hastings and Soymour Streets
...vor Hastings and Homer Streeta
 '. Westminster Brewery Co.
 Vancouvor Breweries Ltd.
.444 Carrall Street
Bank Buffett 	
Britannia Beer.	
Cascade Boer.	
Hotel West	
Patricio Oabarot	
Bob Boy Hotel	
Taxi—Soft Drinks...
Van Bros	
...411 Hastingi Street East
......67 Cordova Street West
 409 Dunimulr Str*t
 .Ciders and wines
Vnncouver Drug Co...
..Any of their six stores
Famous Cloak ft Bult Co...
Gordon Drysdulo Ltd	
Dry Goods
...623 Hastings Strset West
 GranvUle Street
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd 48 Hastingi East and 728 Granville Street
Funeral Undertakers
Center k Hanna Ltd  1049 Georgia, Seymour 2425
Nunn. Thomson ft Glegg.  631 Homer Street
Hastings Furniture Co  -41 Hustings Street West
Gal-Van Market.-*.- - HaBtings Btreet Opposite Pantages
"Slaters" (three storcB) HnstingB, GranvUle aad Main Stroets
S. T. Wallaco Marketaria..- 118 Hastings Street Weit, Seymour 1266
Woodwards. — Hastings and Abbott Streots
Spencers Ltd -  :— Hastings Street
Broadway Table Supply
Crown Life	
Birks Ltd 	
. 618 Broadway Bast
...Bogeri Building
..GranvUle and Georgia Streots
W. H. Malkin...
Manufacturers of Foodstuffs
..(Malkin'i Beit)
Overalls and Shirts
 (Turner Beeton ft Co., Victoria, B. O.)
•'Big Horn" Brand..
Hunter-Henderson Paint Co -  -.642 GranvUle Street
HicksLovick Piano Co  1117 GronvUlo Btreet
Printers and Engravers
Cowan & Brookhouso - - Labor Templo
Clolland-Dibblc  . :"T°W0_: B™!4">8
Angoll Engraving Co....
A. Hr Timms	
White & Bindon..w.„:—
P. G. E.	
 518 Hastings West
.228-230—14th Avonue East
 528 Pender Stroet Wost
 and the -
.0. N. B.
Tom the Tailor-
 524 Granvillo St.; 318 Hastings W.
 Hastings Street Weat
 Hastings Street West
J. A. Flett	
Martin, Finlayson & Mather	
Theatres and Movies
Empress  Orpheum   Pantngci
Editor B. C. Federationist:
Every reader of The Federation-
ists should on the 7th ot January
register their demand Ior Proportional  Representation.
If the lato conflicts in Canada
and the U.S. can teach us anything
vvre should now be convinoed that
tlie time has come for usinj the
ballot  box.
With the press and poweri ef
government entirely controlled by
tho corporations any other action means disaster as haa been
well proved.
Our boasted poUtlcal democracy
In Canada Is a miserable farce.
There is no equal and adult suffrage and with wards and geographical divisions there can be
no opoprtunity for the free exercise of political desires, and of
property has its way there never
will,be. P. R. is a lone; step toward  this,  however.
In the late Winnipeg election
numerous members or sympathizers of the Citizens* League voted
several times, some as often aa
seven times because they owned
property in the various wards. In
Britain many Und owners have
numerous votes.
P. R./which stands for the abolition of wards and geographical
electoral divisions will eliminate
tliis evil.
We are only to consider the attitude of the kept press toward
P. R. and to consider the individuals who are at this moment bringing in counter propositions to
camouflage the electors of Vancouver to realize that the abolition of wards is in tho interests of
the workers.
Any man or group of men who
are afraid to como out and allow
the citizens as a wholo to support or turn them down are too
small during these times when
roal men aro demanded In office.
The very apathy evidenced in
our municipal elections is the result of our miserable system based
on property and not the public
They feel they have no chanoe,
that the dice are loadod. They
have tried and failed and are" discouraged, but they will try again.
P. R. means a new deal and
fairer chances.
It Is high time for labor to
take a rest on strikes which take
them nowhere but to blacklists
and jails and to strike at the ballot bos.
In Winnipeg in spite of the opposing forces, the workers scored
a victory.
In Edmonton they won, in Calgary they elected three labor men,
the late election In Britain which
the capitalist press is so silent
about, the workers swept the field
and in the great Industrial counties gained an absolute majority.
They elected nearly 1,000 representatives. Proportional Representation is In force in Scotland and
parts of Ireland.
The following letter proves Its
success In Calgary:
"Despite the numerous prophecies of the uninformed, it (Proportional Representation) has
worked out very satisfactorily.
Although in each election there
were a number of offices to fill
and numerous candidates, the
number of spoiled ballots waB remarkably small and the difficulties of the count were very easily
"The council we have elected
under this system can, I think, be
said to be a very representative
one indeed, including as It does,
five business men, three labor men,
one woman, one returned soldier,
one iawyer and one preacher. The
same democratic results were obtained on the Hospital and school
Boards, which were also elected
by P. R."
Commissioner,   Calgary.
Letter  from  A.  J.  Sarnia,  City
Yours for P. R. and the cause,
met ■_
Now York.—Copies of varloua labor papors from Arcgentina for Oc
tober, just received iii this city, are
replote with dotails of tho bitter
fight which the reactionary forces of
Arogntina are making to suppress
the organization of workers, and of
tho widespread protests and demonstrations with which the workers
aro roplying to reactionary legisla.
tion. A movement is on foot to bring
togethor the old craft unions and
the now industrial unions, in ordor
that thoy mny presont a united front
to the reactionary forcos. A strong
appeal for sueh unity has boen issued to all railroad workers.
Dublin. —Political obsorvera hero
saw in thc sueeoss of Sunday's raid
upon tho Independent, a Dublin
newspapor, by radical clomonts, a
serious blow to tho prestige of the
Irish government. Coming immediately after tho attack upon Lord
French, they pointed out, it apparently showed tho Sinn Fein and
other radical olemonts wero ablo to
defy the authorities in the heat of
tho heaviest policed town in Ireland,
It is easy to agrco with the entire
To swim along with the rest and aot
as told
And bow nnd scrape your back as
slaves of old—
A puppot, without a wijl, a flimsy,
jelly mould.
It docs not take manhood nor bravery at all
To act and jump aa a thrown rubber ball.
No comfort nor play, just long heartbreaking toil;
To Blave for the boil and call himsolf loyal.
Fight, if noed bo—alone—that'a a
man for you.
Stand by your rights, te your principles always truo;
Will soo tho glorious sunshine driving away the blight
Of the Iron Hool and enthroning
Justico and Light,
Becauso you cannot stop Justice, nor
human might,
Even if you cull the wholo army to
The World  will stand still if thc
Workers aro toW
Just to stop working and (heir arms
to fold.
Tom  Richardson  Makes
Some Comments on the
Winnipeg Trial    x
The Theatre Royal waa the re#-
devoua of the F. L. P. for the last
Sunday night meeting In the old
year. ,Tom Richardson being the
principal speaker, and Mra. J. A.
Clark occupying the chair. There
was a good attendance, pronounced
enthusiasm and a collection in excess of the amount required.
Mrs. Clark, in some Introductory
remarks, contrasted the "conspiracy" of the profiteers, in the matter of the country's food supply,
with that charged against the men
at Winnipeg, one of whom had already been convicted and put in
jail. To her question, "Are you
going tp stand for it?" there waa
a very decided answer, "No!"
Comrade Richardson could not,
with any degree of confidence,
hope that the year 1920 would be
a happy one; but he did hope that
it might be one of high resolve and
strong determination to make
their contribution towards that
better day when such things as
Mrs Clark spoke of would be a
matter of history impossible pf repetition.    (Applause.)
In brief retrospect, he recalled
the promise of the new order of
tihngs, to come into being after th^e
war; he recalled also the view of,
thefsceptical that this promise was'
given out from platform, press and
pulpit, for the avowed pi^rpose of
beguiling the minds and .Imaginations of the people. If any had,
thought'that the end of the'war
was to usher in the new order, they
must now see that it was not very,
near. With 23 wars still going on
after the armistice was signed,
they were "still wilting;' "uri'd!| ft
looked as if they would have to
watt for a very long time.
The end of the great war found
the powers of finance more Btrong-
ly. fortified than over before in.the
history of capitalism: and the proi-
c*ist of solidifying and strengthening the private ownership of the
means of life had increased tremendously during recent montha.
Even ln China thore had been io\
cent Incorporations of new cofiU
panies to the amount of 24,000,000!
pounds, a thing hitherto unheardi
of. In the Lancashire district 'it
England, -a cotton combine -had'
bought up 70 factories; thc share-f
holders had become fabulously
rich, slnoe 10 pound shares had
been selling for 50, 60 or 7J
pounds. Unless there was a renlif
zation of the fundamental eharact
ter of capitalism, the hope arid
possibility of that new day dawn*
Ing was In the very, very distant
future.    (Applause.) ■■°u
As one other Illustration of tbo
rooent aggression of capitalist^
the speaker instanced the proposal (once even regarded as a
possibility) of nationalizing the
drink trado in the old country. Tp
the special committee dealing
with the matter, the figure suit*
f:i'sted for the purchase had been
raiil'.i00,000; now it was £l,200,-
OuO.OJO, as expressed ln shnre
values on t\e stock exchange, notwithstanding *hat during tb. war,
tho output had been roJucvl Wi
per ent
With a passing compliment to
the local labor press, the speaker
proceeded to touch on the suppression of the labor paper in Seattle and the. affair at Centralia,
observing that repression and persecution never did and never will,
kill an Idea, (Applause.) Coming
to the American miners 'strike, he
said he waa not concerned about
the policy of the miners' organization, but he deplored that after the
greatest war of history—said
have been waged in the Interests
of truth, justico, freedom and
right—In the great country of
America the politicians should be
the playthings of the capitalist
class and the workers be reduced
to serfdom.
As to Canada, never had the
speaker known charges seriously
levelled against men so Innocuous
as those at Winnipeg. (Applause.)
"In the last analysis we are largoly responsible for that state of
things obtaining." (Hear, hear.)
With an effectual consciousness uf
solidarity among tho workers, lt
would not have been possible for
any judge to have manifested tho
bias and prejudice manifested
against Russell in Winnipeg. (Loud
aplause.) After such a gross travesty of Justice, tho time had como
when they should each play a
man's full part or a woman's full
part. While shrinking from tho
thought of shedding the blood of
othors, the speaker hoped there
were to bo found in Canada a auiK
flclent  number   of  stalwart   men
British  General Orders
Troops to Attack
500 Killed Because They
Took  Part  in
A blood curdling atory of massacre haa been revealed by the British commission Investigating the
recent riots in India. It shows a
British general deliberately ordering 50 troops to attack a.crowd of
£000 civilians and to flre until their
ammunition was exhausted. The
command waa obeyede to the letter.
Fivo Hundred Killed
Five 'hundred persons were killed and 1500 wounded. It waa the
bloodiest slaughter of civilians by
western troops In modern history.
The evidence shows that this act
was approved by the British lieutenant governor. News of tlie affair has just reached London from
India with the reports of the government commission's hearing at
Lahore. The slaughter.took place
at- Armistar last April and was ordered to put down the riots there
.which were part of a general uprising that threatened to engulf the
whole sum-rounding districts and
spread all over India.
Suppress Freo Speech
.General Dyer testified before the
commission that he arrived at Ar-
mitsar on April 11. Although martial law was not declared, he took
over the administration from the
deputy commissioner. He was informed that the situation was
grave in many districts, including
Lahore, and ordered that the alleged seditious meetings cease immediately. On April 13, according
to his testimony, General Dyer informed crowds at Armistar that
meetings were forbidden and that
assemblages wero likely to be flred
on without warning.
" 'Later he was Informed of a big
meeting, whloh he judged to be
not merely a disorderly meeting,
ibut open rebellion. He marched
25 British rlflea, 25 Indian rifles,
,and 40 G-hurkae armed with knives
< to the scene, and discovered an
agitator haranguing a crowd of
Did Not Warn Vlctima
Continuing hla testimony, General Dyer said:
I deployed my men and within
80 seconds ordered' them te flre.
The firing continued for about ten
minutes. My object was to disperse
the crowd, and a little firing would
have beon Insufficient to achieve
that objeot."
The general admitted he had not
warned the crowd, and, asked what
reason he had for supposing the
crowd would not disperse without
firing boing necessary, he replied:
I think it quite possible that I
could have dispersed the crowd
without firing, but they would have
come back and laughed, and I
should have made a situation at Ar-
mltsar more serious. I looked at
tho crowd of rebels, and considered
It my duty to fire, and flre well."
Ran Out of Ammunition
Lord  Hunter,  chairman  of the
commission,   asked    the   general:
"Was   there   any   other   course
open ?"
"No, air; I looked upon it aa my
duty—a horrible duty."
Genoral Dyer asserted that 1650
rounds were fired, and between 400-
and  600 persons were  killed and
and women who would be ready tic.;
shed their own  blood In protest.
Seeing then that capitalism wsk
so alert and aggressive, It was fern
the workers to resolve that, ln 1920.
they were going yj to band themselves together aa to show that
the burden was got ting too hoavy
and they were froing to throw
off the yoke. But unless such high
resolves took a more concrote
form than hitherto, the yoar 1931-
would find them very much where
they were at present. They must
face some of the weaknesses off
the labor movement today, arising
from discordant elements and wajy
ring factions that were playing.
the game that suited the employing
class, and helping the forces of
reaction against the rising forces
of democracy.
Labor had got to close Its ranks.
It was a fact that there wore trade
unionists who really believed that
tbe O.B.U. did not mark a step
forward, and men ln theO.B.U.
who bolieved thnt tho International
orgnnl;:ation was tt bnck number
To both soctlons ilio speaker urged
'Go about doing your own business
in your own way; but don't play
the game of your employers.))
In the old country tabor had
achieved what was nothing short
ot a revolution In municipal activity. Could they have done that
If tho representatives of both wlnge
had   been   engaged   In   throwing
stones and mud at the other fellow
ln the other oamp? Some aald it
was of no use; but the speaker
argued that they had got to seek
control in municipal, provincial and
Dominion affairs. (Applauae.) So
long as these were controlled by
the representatives of privilege, it
would show that labor had not
risen to that degree of solidarity
which would make such a state of
affairs impossible. What appalled
one was the dissension between
International and O.B.U., between
the Federated Labor party and tbe
Socialist Party of Canada; so far
as organized labor was conoerned
It had no polioy—'evidently it had
no mind. (Hear, hear.) Tbey
needed action, wliich would guarantee that they appreciated the
seriousness   of   the   situation.
Further, they must loso that
sense of parochialism and take a
\^der view.   They had got to take
world view of things, recognizing that they were a part of the
world democracy that was suffering and dying because of that systom of capitalism that knew no
religion, and no politics, other
than profit and dividend.
Before closing, the spoaker referred to the fact of a miner still
being unablo to get work, becauso
of his having been one of thoso
called out ln the strike at Nanalmo
six years ago. While it was possible for employers to victimise
and ostracize a worker thus, there
was not muoh danger of a "revolution." (Derisive laughter.) Another happening that showed the
lack of organization was the summary discharge of clerka ln a local department store. Notwithstanding that the Hudson's Bay
Co. (laughter) was one of the oldest Institutions ln Canada, Its relationship with its employees belonged to the dark  ages.    Again,
lecturer on "Progressive Socialism" at a Brotherhood meeting,
had boen notified that lf he repeated his leoture he would be
under publio supervision. Laughter.)
Many men and women would
bave to tread the rugged hilt and
carry the cross. Should the days
of 1920 call on thom for the do-
tenoe of loyalty and principle and
truth, the speaker hoped they
would be ready, if noed be, to lay
down their own life,   (Applause.) I
Mill Workers to Amalgamate With Lumber
Workers Unit
The attendance at the bualneaa
meeting of the Enginers and Mill
Workera Unit of the O.B.U. held
last Monday evening in Vancouver
waa the largest for some considerable time and quite a lively Inter*
est waa displayed during the discussion aa to the advisability of
members not working in the lumber industry transferring Into a
general workers' unit of the
The membera present voted In
favor of having all members not
employed ln the lumber Industry
transfer Into a general workers'
unit and also eleoted a committee
of five membera who are working
In milla whose duty It will be to
draw up plans that will be suitable
to the Mill Workera when they decide to transfer over to the Lumber Workers' Industrial Unit of
the O.B.U.
The committee elected will meet
a committee from the Lumber
Workers' executive on Friday evening next and If suitable arrangements can be made regarding the
transfer of members it Is expected
that the Engineers' and Mill
Workers' Unit will cease to exist
after Jan. 31st, 1920.
The transformation of the Engineers' Craft Union into an Industrial union has been one of the
great surprises to the conservative
element of the Trade Union Movement ln this province as outside
a few engineers following the hoist
and portable work, the Steam Engineers was unknown in the labor
movement of this province until
during the late war, and the Mill
Engineers were looked upon as the
most docile slaves; they seemed
content to work 12 and 13 hours
each day of the year for less per
hour than that paid to unskilled
labor, but during the late war, owing to the great demand for engineers the Mill Engineers seemed
to realize that they were an Important factor In the operation of
the mills, therefore they seized the
opportunity and got into the labor
movement where they became one
of the most progressive factors.
During 1917 they established an
eight-hour working day for themselves In the lumber milts fn spite
of the fact that the otber workers
ln the mills were working anything
from nine to twelve hours per day;
since then they have apparently
used the extra time they have to
themselves for making a study of
tho labor movement for the majority of those who wero organized
on a craft basis fully realize the
faot that conditions have changed
since the ending of the war and
tho only way they can expect to
retain the benefits derived through
their craft union during the war
period when engineers were ln
great demand will be by organizing Industrially along with their
fellow workers and by assisting
ono another on the Job to make
their fellow workers and by assisting one another on the job to
make their working conditions
more tolerable.
This, no doubt, Is tho reason
why they are so enthusiastic ln
the O.B.U. movement.
Engineers working in logging
camps are already feeling the advantage of having the loggers organized as thoy are enjoying better
food and tamp conditions (than
they ever enjoyed before and in
some camps they are receiving $8
and |9 for an eight-hour day.
After the mill workers arrange
the transfer into the lumber workers all they will need to do ln
ordor to get better conditions than
they have at present will be to organize their follow workers in the
mills and by next spring the cm
ployera will be only loo willing
to grant them better conditions
without tne mill workors laving
to ask for them, as the lumber Interests already realize that they
have some organization to deal
with whon dealing with the Lumber Workers' Industrial Union of
the O.B.U.
The next business meetings of
this unit will be held as follows:
Vancouver — Labor Temple,
Monday, Jan. 4, at 7:30 p.m.
Malllard ville—Moving Picture
theatre, Thursday, Jan. 8, at 8 p.m.
Port Moody—Orange hall, Friday, Jan. 9, at 8 p.m.
New Westminster—Labor Hall,
Wednesday, Jan. 14, at 8 p.m.
Members should arrange to attend the next meeting In tlieir district in order to vote on tho question of transfer,
Overcoats at
a Discount
Toung men's waist-seam overcoats to be sold at a discount of 20 per oent. The make, 20th Century and other
standard aakes. The quality and style, none better.
All at the same discount till the entire lot is sold.
Boys' overcoats at a big reduction.
Clubb & Stewart
Established 80 Teats
Buy Your New Year
at Vancouver's Biggest and Best
Shoo Store
Dress Shoes for Men
Work Boots and Rubber Footwear in our Downstairs
Department   at   lowest   prices   in   Western   Canada.
Workers' Liborty Bond Buttons
are issued to every purchaser of a
bond. Havo you got yours yet, Get
behind a button and show that you
are willing to help all you can the
defense of the men arrested in Winnipeg. .
about 1500 wounded. The ^ildierB,
he teatifted, continued tiring until
they had run out of ammunition.
He had made up his mind that if
order wero defied ho would Hhoot
straight away, and that he had felt
he "had to do something very
Justin Rankin, a member of the
commission, asked: "Was it not a
form of frightfulness?"
Policy of Frightfulness
General Dyer replied he figured
It wai best to "ihoot well ud
strongly, so nobody would have to
shoot again." He said there was
no "middle course." Asked If his
idea had been to strike terror Into
tho hearts of the inhabitants, he
answered he had found they had
disobeyed his order, and he meant
to punish them and give them a
loHson. From a military standpoint, he said, the demonstration
of force was bound to make a wido
lmprossAi throughout Punjab,
One of the commissioners then
read a telegram from Lahore (seat
of the British lieutenant governor)
to General Dyer.    It read:
Your action correot. Liouten-
ant governor approves. *
"Lleutotiant Governor."
No Red
There are no strings to our credit offer—
our system is the essence of simplicity—just
choose your clothing—make a small cash
payment and settle the balance at your convenience—wear while you pay.
Qfraicrlif We ^ ful1 and Ugh-class
« Ll CUg 111   Unes of ,adies, an(j men,s doth_
Cr6dlt       tog on credit—our prices are
exceptionally moderate.
Resolve this New Year that you will dress well
and thus increase the self-respect that means;
342 Hastings West
Near Homer
Fresh Out Flowers, Fnner»l Designs, Woddlng Bouquet., Pot Plant.
Ornamental and Shade Trees, Seeds, Bulbs, Florists' Btmdilii
Brown Bros. & Co. Ltd.
48 Hastings Street East 728 OtUTiUt Street
Sermour 988-071 Seymonr 9S13
and every member of his family we extend our
best wishes for a
The Ingledew Shoe Co.
Equal to Your Luckiest Bake
365 Days in the Year
QUANTITY production—quality materials—machinery   has
mado bukcr'a bread cheaper and better than home made.
Try It.
Shelly Bros. Ltd.   Phone Fair. 44
twelfth tear.  No. i THE BRITISH COLUMBIA FEDERATIONIST     vancouveb, b. a
HtlDAT. 'January 2,
Start the New Year
By Purchasing Your Groceries on tht
Tho Following Are Just a Few of the Specials for One
Week, Commencing January 2nd
Woodward's BeMer Tea,   per
lb 54c
Woodward's    Extra    Choico
Tea, per lb 46c
Woodward's Choice Tea,   per
lb 42c
Woodward's Better Coffee, per
lb 54c
Woodward's Choico Coffee, per
lb 45c
| Finest Sago, per lb. lO'/ic |
Nabob Coffee, 1-lb. tin  63c
Nabob Baking Powder, tin..24c
Whito Swan Naptha Soap, bar
tor 5>/2c
White Swan Washing Powder,
large pkt 30c
| Finest Tapioca, lb 1014c |
Whito   Swan   Laundry   Soap,
per box  27c
Lifebuoy Soap, per bar....8'/2c
Sunlight Soap, per box of 4
bars  25c
Mac's No Rub, per cake.... 6c
Dutch Tea Rusks, pkt 19c
Christie's Soda Biscuits, 2-lb.
tins  62c
Finest Japanese Rice, per
lb 14c
Cottom's Bird Seed, per lb.
pkt , ,. SOC
Finest reeled Peaches, lb...SOc
Wlioatlcts, 51b. sack  39c
Shaker Salt, per carton ....lie
Cremotto's     Macaroni,     per
pkt 10%c
Beady-Cut' Macaroni, pkt.,12c
| Australian Currants, lb. 25c I
Bulk Potato Flour, lb 10c
"Mazola" Salad Oil, tln..44c
Australian Jam, assorted, per
tin  17c
Quaker Peas, per tin  20c
Quaker Tomatoes, tin lOVaC
Cadbury's Bourncville Cocoa,
per tin   2Bc
Peanut Butter, IG-oz. bottles,
each  25c
Roynl Yeast Cakes, each..5'/.c
Libby's   Asparagus   Soup,
per tin   6c
Puro B. C. Honey, bottles,
eaeh  43c
Ontario Honey, 5-lb. tin..$1.92
Empress Straw. Jam, 4-lb.
tins  $1.18
Empress Rasp; Jam, 4-lb.
tins  $1.18
Robin Hood  Rolled  Onts,
cartons 26c
Cleaned Currants, pkt 24c
Griffin's Seedless Raisins, per
pkt 18'/jC
Boner's Seedless Raisius, per
pkt 18'/2c
Sun Maid Seeded Raisins, per
pkt 21c
I Quaker Corn, per tin,...16c I
B. & K. Courso Oatmeal, 10.
lb _ 69c
B. & K. Fino Oatmeal, 10-
lb 69c
B. & K. Standard Oatmeal,
10-lb 69c
0. K. Sauce, bottle  27c
| Sunlight Soap, 4 bars..25c |
Kellog's Corn Flakes, pkt.llc
Aylmer Boneless Chieken, per
tin  54c
Armour's Coffee Essence, per
bottlo  26o
No. 1 Jap Oranges, all guaranteed, per box  87c
Fine Juicv Oranges, doz...33c
Soft Shelled Walnuts, Ib...30c
Filbert Nuts, per lb 40c
Finest  Tablo Apples,   3   lbs.
for  25c
Cooking Apples, 5 lbs 25c
Washington.—Decision virtually
hag been reached by Japan to reinforce her troops ln Siberia to
fight the advance eastward of tho
Bolshevik armies, it „was learned
today at the state department, following extended discussions of the
Russian situation between SecreUry Lansing and Japanese Ambassador Shidehara.. Th.p decision, which Is understood to have
been reached fn harmony with the
United States, will not entail the
sending, of additional troops to reinforce the American army of
1,000 men now in far eastern Siberia.
Washington, D.C—Since March
1, over 8,000 American soldiers
have deserted—one every forty
minutes—and only 70 have been
located and placed under arrest.
This is the startling fact published
by tho Washington Post. To these
figures soluild be added the desertions from the navy, officially given
at 5,000,
Havana.—Somo 25 persons were
wounded Monday in encounters between the police and persons attending the funeral of the laborer
killed in Sunday's demonstration
against thc high cost of living. Ten
of the wounded ave gravely injured.
Compliments of the
to All
We are well prepared to supply your needs
on returning to work.
Our stock of mackinaw shirts is the largest
and best in the city, from $9.00. Mackinaw
Goats from $12.50.
Stanfield's Underwear, heavy, a suit, $6.00
Loggers' Boots $12.00 and $13.50.
and 444 Main Street
Evidence of Local
Lawyers Ruled Out
(Continued from page fl)
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Two Russians."
Mr. Reid;."Then the copy you
have given me is wrong."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "That Chekoff
and Zukoff were there, and there
was discussion  about the strike."
Witness: "That's not true."     !
"And discussion about revolution
hi Canada." |
"Not true."
"That Chekoff said the Canadian government was only good
for capitalists^'
"No, that's not true." <
"And that in Russia the workers
hud the factories and thc land,"
"Not true."
Witness   added:    "Mr.    Dourasoff
could not talk to Chekoff and Zukoff at all."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Wero there
any such meetings at your house
at any time?"
Witness:   "No."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Dourasoff said
that in March he had several conversations with Chekoff—It was
dinner time—about the union of
Russian workers."
The interpreter now found himself unable to deal with too many
details at once, and counsel
brought the record for him to read.
Continuing: "And Chekoff said
he was a member of the Russian
Workers Union. Did you ever hear
any such conversation?"
Witness: "I never saw him in
conversation with this man at all."
Further examlnatoln was interrupted by Mr. Reid, who did not
wish further details to be mentioned,
Mr. Rubinowitz: "I can't accept
from a witness a comprehensive
statement of that kind."
Mr. Reid: "A general denial covers all specific instances."
Magistrate: "Surely I can take
that as a denial of all specific
The interpreter meanwhile had
continued talking with the witness,
and now added: "She says—I
never saw Dourasoff converse
with Chekoff and Zukoff at no time
in my house."
Mr Rubinowitz:  "Your worship,
1 just want to bring this out: Dourasoff said Mrs. Deakoff was present "
Magistrate: "You can ask the
Mr. Rubinowitz: "—when Chekoff and Zukoff told him they were
making $30 a night, running this
zambling house."
Witness:  "Not true."
Mr. Rubinowitz: "Dourasoff says
he was told these interesting things
especially between 12 at noon and
2 in the afternoon. Did you ever
hear these  conversations?"
Witness:  "Never."
"You were at the house serving
dinner, between  12 and 2?"
"Dourasoff says your family told
him that Zulcpff's name was Zuroff.    Did you ever tell him?"
"That's not true."
Mr. Reid, in brief cross-examination, put in the record to show
that, at tho Immigration inquiry,
witness was asked about the reading of newspapers, etc., and replied:
"I don't remember. My head ia so
foggy. I can*t remember everything that was said,"
Witness: "Surely 1 said that."
Mr. Reid now asked if somebody
paid her $200 while her husband
was locked up.
Witness replied: "Yes," but Mr.
Rubinowitz asked: "Was your
husband u partner In that boat?"
Witness:  "Yes, ono of three,"
"From which partner did you receive the  $200?"
"That was the share of my husband."
'Did you ever receive any money
belonging to Chekoff?"
Andrew Veruiger was the concluding witness for tho afternoon
a young man of good appearance
and pleasing manner. He knew
Goerge Chekoff; as he .expressed
it, he was "born with him," i. e„
came from the same Asatinian village. He knew that Chekoff could
not write, nor speak much Russian. Zukoff could write his own
Could George Chekoff read a
Russian newspaper?"
Witness was in Vancouver this
year from the 1st of Muy till the
10th of July. He was at Butaeff's
pool-room very often during that
time—every day, for an hour or
two at a time. He never saw Dourasoff or Roth there; nor Chekoff or
Zukoff. He. never saw them handing out of newspapers or tuking
part in discussions.
Witness was also in Vancouver
in January, February and March;
he was at Butaeff's pool-room in
thc evenings during thoso months,
and never say Dourasoff or Roth,
Chekoff or Zukoff there.
"Do you know Dourasoff?"
"I saw him at Kelt's pool-room."
"Did you see him have Russian
newspapers at Kelt's pool-room?"
"I did."
"What would he do with them?"
"Read them." There would be
a few people around.
"Wliat as to Dourasoff saying he
never carried Russian newspapers?"
"I saw him." Witness gave one
or two of the names of tho newspapers ln question.
Mr. Reid eagerly caught at a
name given, as being that of "a
capitalist paper—not one of the
forbidden papers." Witness agreed.
He was working at Comox between
March and May, but had not been
doing anything from May on, Ho
knew the Deakoffg three or four
years ago, and hud visited them a
couple of times. Witness came
from the &ame village as Butaeff.
"Ho knew me when I was born."
Witness also knew Zukoff and Chekoff In the old country. He loft
Russia when he was 16 years old;
Butaeff was a much older man, and
left earlier.
The case is to be called for further hearing on Tuesday morning,
Jan. 0th, but may bu postponed to
a later date. The attendance In
court Monday was not so crowded as at the previous hearig; but
tho seating capacity was fully occupied. Tho trial has now extended over about two months. Tho
numlyr of witnesses still to he called is not known* *
Call Issued for
O. B. U. Convention*!
(Continued from page 1)
Instead of a dictatorship by International officials.
Tho coming convention will enable our representatives to coordinate the organization work,
correct some of the flaws that may
have developed In the structure of
our organization in order that we
may proceed undaunted, "to more
successfully carry on the every day
fight over wages, hours of work,
etc., and prepare ourselves for the
day when production for profit
shall be replaced by production
for use." Elect your representatives and fill out and return the
enclosed credentials as soon as
On    behalf   of   the    Executive
Board. Yours for the O.B.U.,
There's a madness to tlie music wfcon
the magnates mnke a holler,
"When tho 'donkeys they have driven
dodge around tho dirty eollar,
And demand a decent dwelling and
a double-action dollar,
Yes, there's method In the madness
there's muskets to tho fore;
Wo must gather all tho profits from
the mountain to the shore,
And we'll watch the workers wrig-
glo when they cackle o 'er tho core.
"With somo pugilistic pigeons in
each union, lodge and shop,
Who can prattle all tho pointers, till
we catch a goodly crop;
And wo'll raid thcir residences for
we're bound to Btay on top.
Is  thoro   Russians  in  Vancouver!
They must Bolshoviki be!
Have thoy letters   from   afarT   It
must bc conspiracy!
Do they read somo foreign pnpers?
It is plain les majistel
Now suppose you woro in Hussia
with a shortage hi your pouch
And your paper kept a-comin'; you
were reading on your couch;; .
lAnd they questioned your opinions-
would you grunt or have a grouchf
It is timo tlmt loud profession of the
Christian Golden Bule
Be exemplified in practise by the
church and businoss school;
But the wise ones laugh at practice:
"'Twus made only for the fool."
Now tho wisdom of the foolish is
the ethics of thc book,
While thc folly of the wiso ono ia
congealing in his look,
An tho book has moro of meaning
than no mortal undertook.
Still we rush at social matters and
we rub it in tho redsj'
And wc lock our doors at darkness
and we fortify our beds,
Whilo we represent the Bussianrf^
a people off thcir heads.
While our vaunted freedom falter
at tho fmigs of law and lust,
Whilo tho rights of man oro dormant, though juries fain bc just,
There's no peace within tho portals
till the dagger's in the dust.
Minneapolis, Minn.—The Minnesota Dnily Star, a daily evening
newspnper published in tne intorests
of organized labor and tho organized farmers, began publication here
December 1.
Buy at a union Btore.
At $5.50 and $3.50
Those who seek better
than usual value in
good-fitting blouses
of dependable quality
will appreciate that
the below-mentioned
models merit special
At $5.50-a Whito Habutai Silk Blouse in high
neck style, made wilh
gathered front, and is finished with pear buttons.
These come in a splendid
quality and are particularly well made.
At ?e.50—Heavy Quality Habutai Silk Blouse,
mado witb tucked front
and narrow, straight collar.
Heavy quality Striped Habutai Silk Blouses, made
with convertible collar
and finished with small
pearl buttons. These come
in rose and grey, lavender
and grey, dclpk blue and
grey in combination with
whito satin stripe. Special
value at $6.50 each.
—First Floor.
675 Granville Street
Sey. 3540
The New York Outfitting Co.'s
Tremendous reductions have been made so as to clear the stock
quickly—Now's your chance to save—Come and profit by our
easy-payment plan and get real bargains.
We are adding a Boys' and Girls' Clothing Department and it is
necessary for us to begin alterations to the store as early as possible
—hence this big stock reduction sale.
Men's   high grado
suits, reg. $35 to $95.
8ao $19.50
Men's    smart    overcoats. Bog. $25 to $60
Prico  $10.50
A   big    variety    of A splendid selection. A few real snaps loft
styles and matorials. nog. $39.50 to $150. Heg. to $150.  Cleor-
Eog. $49.50 to $150. Salo    (nn nf. Ing      (_ Af\  _\t\
Sale    *«e (t{\ price   «hZU.UU at  $43.51)
prico   tP——*.\J*J HP UF
DRESSES—In serges Jn many   styles  and A few  choice   styloH
and tricotincs.   Keg. materials.   Reg,   $10 to clear. Reg. $150 to
$29.50      to      $00.00. to $40.00. $500.00
6ale    {_■*.*)  en s»l0
prico   «P1 £»OU
...$5.95 price $75.00
New York Outfitting Co., Ltd.
F. L. 1*. Concert Great SuweSf..
The Christmaa concert held last
Monday evening under the auspices
of tho Federated Labor Party
Bunday School in the Granville haU
was all, and more than it promised
to be. An excellent programme,
made up of items contributed
mostly by members of the school
tnd some members of the Junior
Labor League, was rendered without a hitch. The whole programme and tho manner in which
each number was presented was
so good that lt is almost unfair
to single out anyone specially, but
the humorous songs of Mr. M. D.
Buchanan, tho recital ion rendered
by Mr. D. L. Charlton, the acting
of Miss Mabel Rees In the dialogue
of which she was the principal, do
certainly deserve some special notice. After the concert the presents and socks wero taken off the
tree and given to tho children.
Several games were played by tho
youngsters aftor which the programme concluded with dancing.
Almost 100 children and a large
number of adults wero present.
Those contributing to the programme included the Junior Labor
League choir; Mr. M. D. Buchanan,
humorous songs; Miss Nellie Harrison, piano solo; Mr. D. L. Charlton, Miss O, Rees, Miss D. Hacking and Master J. Lorimer, recitations; Miss K. Colt man, Miss
Gladys Harrison, dances; Miss
Mildred Hogg, vocal solo, and Miss
Rees and members of the Junior
League in a dialogue entitled "The
Quack Doctor."
Rcval, Esthonia. — The Russian
northwest army which attempted to
capt uro Fctrograd under Goneral
Yudenitch—virtually lias gono out
of existonce, according to General
Soots, chief of tlio general staff of
(lie Es thon in n army.
London.— The parliamentary
committee of the Trades Union
Congress on Tuesday applied for
passports for a delegation of the
congress to visit Soviet Russia,
thero to investigate prevailing conditions. The government replied
that It could not grant passports
to a country with which It had no
diplomatic relations.
There Is a great sign over a recruiting office for the United States
army in Salt Lake City, Utah reads
as follows: "Neither France, China,
Germany, Siberia are dry. Enlist
and have a drink."
Unity betweon the co-operalivo
movement and trade unionism in
Great Britain haB been strengthened
becauso of tho nf no-days' nationwide railroad strike which started
September 26 last. Certain railway
companies withheld strikers' wnges
and several co-op. societies stepped
in and supplied these workers with
Helsingfors. — Advices received
here from Riga stato that tho Lettish government hns decided to ask
tho Bolsheviki government of Russia for an armistico pending negotiations looking toward peace.
In a Philadelphia suburb a woman
hns built a $5,000 mausoleum for a
dead cat. Sir Roger Cnsomon, ideal*
ist and crusader against exploitation,
was buried in quick-lime. Moral: Be
a dead cat,—Good Morning,
I find that my special hours for sittings
are appreciated by visitors whose stay is limited and I would again call attention to the
I'act lhat those who wish to take advantage of the holiday season to have their dental needs taken care of will
find me ready to make appointments for their convenience. I would also emphasize the fact that there is no
"rush work" hut. that all thc dentistry done here is
given that caro and attention for wliich this office has
become famous. For those whose time is limited I make
thc sittings as long as possible and as frequent as I can
arrange. My fees arc always the same for the same
Tlie bank clerks of Lima, Peru,
linvo quit work, and will stay out
until thoir demands for a .'10 to id
per cent, increaso aro complied with.
Tlio 100-per cent, patriot who edits
the Loyal American Nows of Minneapolis Las beon found guilty of criminal libel against two labor aldermen.
Fatronizo Fed. advertisers.
Why Are Health
Laws Not in Operation
(Con'nuod from Pago 1)
etc., etc., stating good wages, no
deep snow, no severe cold, level
ground, etc., and Instructing men
to buy their ticket to Canyon, B.C.
Thero is no need for any workers
in this district, local supply exceeding the demand and the company whieh ia circulating these
cards broadcast Is a small outfit
employing about 100 men, and reports coming In from thero is to
the effect that it is a darned poor
outfit to have anything to do with.
It's a lot easier to get into it than
It is to get out.
We hope in next report to give
an actual statement of membership which is not possible until
the district officer^ report their
number at the end of the year.
The Indications are that the objective of 15,000 hus been attained
and this being the case the organization can now lay itself out to
make the 50,000 by the end of
1920. This is only 700 a week,
which there should be little difficulty in attaining If the members
go at It with the right spirit aud
In the right way. Membership is
not everything, far from it; education Is the thing, but membership
is a step ln thc scheme of things.
Great Improvements have taken
place in tho camps of BX. They
are, however, not yot up to the
required standard, and the other
provinces are disgraceful. Let the
policy of the organization for the
'coming year be one of concentration of effort toward building up
the organization and advancing tho
working and living conditions of
the workera in the lumber Industry. There is no timo for personal
or factional fights, let those who
desire to participate in such activities do so apart for tho organiation and let those who nre
not satisfied to be members of and
tako part In the building up of the
Lumberworkers' Industrial Union
of the One Big Union get out and
keep out—the world Is large and
they can doubtless find other or-
tanltttloiia move to thcir liking.
New Year's
To the thousands of workingmen in Vancouver and all parts of
British Columbia, Dick's Stores for Men extend New Year's
The year just closing has bcen onc in whieh every man—
every family—every merchant—has been compelled to move
•with caution—not knowing what a day might bring forth.
Through these difficult conditions Dick's Stores for Men have
fully measured up to their responsibility as the largest Men's
Stores in the West—have maintained quality—have kept up
stocks—have consistently lived up to their policy of selling
honest goods at the lowest possible prices.
With a complete organization—a thoroughly trained staff—
with development plans in hand which will be to your advantage—Dick 's Stores for Men pledge you for 1920 a service which
will merit the generous patronage which has always bcen ac-
.  corded us and for which we thank you.
Gentlemen—one and all—Here's to the New Year—May it bring
Success and Prosperity.
"Your Money's Worth or Your Money Back"


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